Page 1


Av

giv KjKvZvq _vwK| ZvB kxZKvj †h KLb Av‡m Avi KLb P‡j hvq, GLvbKvi GB wgwUs-wgwQj Avi nB-nƇMv‡ji g‡a¨ Zv wVK †evSv hvq bv| hv-B †nvK, ¯^ívqy GB FZzwUi m‡½ Avgvi AwZ`~i †Q‡j‡ejvi `y-`ywU myL¯§„wZ G‡Kev‡i Abc‡bq n‡q Rwo‡q Av‡Q| Zvi GKwU nj †LRyi-im I ZviB †mŠi‡f Av‡gvw`Z bvbv wgó`ªe¨, Avi Ab¨wU nj mvK©vm| cÖ_‡g †LRyi-i‡mi K_v ewj| Avgvi †Q‡j‡ejv †K‡U‡Q †Zv Avgv‡`i c~e©e‡½i MÖv‡gi evwo‡Z| ZvB g‡b c‡o †h, kx‡Zi mKv‡j GKUz †`wi K‡i Nyg †_‡K D‡V, Mv‡q GKUv †`vjvB Pvwc‡q, gyL-nvZ ay‡q, nv‡Z GKUv Kuvmvi RvgevwU‡Z wKQy UvUKv gywo wb‡q mivmwi Avgv‡`i D‡Vv‡b P‡j †hZzg| †`LZzg †h, †mLv‡b A¯’vqx †MvUvKq Dbyb evwb‡q nuvwo-nuvwo †LRyi-im R¡vj †`Iqv n‡”Q Avi Zvi Z`viwK Ki‡Qb Avgvi eoKvwKgv| i‡m dzU a‡i‡Q| GKUv nuvwo †_‡K dzUšÍ GK nvZv im Zz‡j wZwb Avgvi gywoi evwU‡Z †X‡j w`‡jb| Kx Avi eje, cÖvZiv‡ki Gi †P‡q fvj m~Pbv Avi nq bv| R¡vj-†`Iqv GB †LRyi-im †_‡KB †hgb ˆZwi nZ LB Avi gywoi †gvqv, †Zgwb Avevi GiB m‡½ bvi‡Kvj-†Kviv Avi ÿxi wgwk‡q ˆZwi nZ AwZ Dcv‡`q †mB bvo–, hvi ¯^v` GL‡bv gy‡L †j‡M Av‡Q| Avi GB mg‡qB evwo‡Z-evwo‡Z ayg †j‡M †hZ AmsL¨ iK‡gi wc‡V-cv‡qm evbvevi| KjKvZvq †Zv GLb †m-me †gvqv Avi wc‡V-cv‡q‡mi DcKiY †RvMvo Ki‡ZB cÖvYvšÍ, Zvi Dc‡i Avevi DcKiY hw` ev †RvMvo nj, †m¸wj‡K wVKgZ wgwj‡q-wgwk‡q †gvqv-wc‡V-cv‡qm evbvevi Rb¨ †h mgqUv †`Iqv `iKvi, Zv-B ev †K †`‡e| bv, KjKvZv eoB e¨¯Í kni, GLv‡b KviI AZ mgq †bB| B`vbxs Aek¨ ¸wUKq gÐv-wgVvB‡qi †`vKv‡bI cvwUmvcUv wewµ n‡Z †`LwQ, wKš‘ cyi wn‡m‡e ZviI g‡a¨ hLb ÿxi Avi b‡jb ¸o gvLv‡bv bvi‡Kvj-†Kvivi cwie‡Z© G‡Lv ¸o †V‡m †`Iqv nq, ZLb Avi Zv gy‡L Zzj‡Z B‡”Q K‡i bv| Z‡e nu¨v, KjKvZvq G‡m Aewa †LRyi-im Avi cvUvwji ˆZwi G-me †`e‡fvM¨ Lv‡`¨i Av¯^v` †_‡K ewÂZ n‡qwQ e‡U, wKš‘ hv wb‡q Avgvi ˆkk‡ei Ab¨Zi myL¯§„wZ, †mB mvK©vm-bvgK GK Avðh© RM‡Zi †ivgv‡Âi m‡½ GB KjKvZv‡ZB †h Avgvi cÖ_g cwiPq, ZvI ¯^xKvi Kie| Z‡e bv, Zvi K_v Gev‡i bq| Gev‡i †Zv †gvqvwc‡V-cv‡q‡mi K_v ej‡Z-ej‡ZB mgq †K‡U †Mj, mvK©v‡mi K_v AvMvgx msL¨vq eje| Gi g‡a¨ kxZ Avi-GKUz RgyK| mevB fvj _vKzb| mKj‡K ï‡f”Qv I mycÖxwZ m¤¢vlY RvbvB| Rvbyqvwi, 2017 KjKvZv

3


m~ wP c Î cÖ e Ü

29 Kwe mgi †mb I Zuvi Kwe-e¨w³Z¡ l †mŠwfK †iRv 32 †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© : ïiæi cÖ_g cvV l A‡kvK P‡Ævcva¨vq 81 †Lqv : GK inm¨gq wecixZ wenv‡ii SwUKvwjwc l †MŠZg †PŠayix

†Qv U M í

cÖ”Q`-cwiwPwZ

40 ZzNjK l mvw`K †nv‡mb 44 iæ¯Íg wms‡qi Zievwi l wek¦wRr †PŠayix 50 GKwU _v‡bi Rb¥ l mvZ¨wK nvj`vi 56 `yqv‡i cÖ¯‘Z Mvwo l Avdmvbv †eMg 62 †Ljbv l Z…òv emvK

cÖ wZ ‡e ` b

65 mvs¯‹…wZK DÌv‡bi AvMgbx msMxZ l †Mvjvg gy¯Ívdv

K we Zv 73-80 wkíB †Zv w`‡Z cv‡i l cweÎ gy‡Lvcva¨vq/ GwjwR : me¨mvPxi Rb¨ l dviæK AvjgMxi/ †`Lv l Zvbfxi †gvKv‡¤§j/ k~b¨ l myiwRr `vk¸ß/ myL Avi Amy‡Li Mí l ¯^vZx PµeZx©/ wZbwU KweZv (mvbvB, c_, Qvqv) l †MŠZg gÐj/ bv-ejv B‡”Q¸‡jv l AY©e fÆvPvh©¨/ GwjwR l gaykÖx †mb mvb¨vj/ †Zvgv‡K l w`jxc wKËz©wbqv/ ï°zi cvMjvi A‡bK¸‡jv Nwo l kvgmyj d‡qR/ jxjvK`jx l AiæYvPj `Ë †PŠayix/ iƒcK_v l aªæe PµeZx©

A by ev ` M í

`ywU gy‡Lvk

A

‡kvK †fŠwgK mgKvjxb wPÎKjv Av‡›`vj‡b GK D¾¡j wPÎKi| Zuvi m„R‡b Avav weg~‡Z©i Qvqv _vK‡jI Rxe‡bi bvbv Abyl½ cÖwZdwjZ nq| Zuvi wPÎc‡U aiv c‡o Rxe‡bi bvbv w`K| †`‡k I we‡`‡k Zuvi AmsL¨ cÖ`k©bx n‡q‡Q| KjKvZv, gy¤^vB, w`wjø, †PbœvB cÖf…wZ kn‡i Zuvi †hme cÖ`k©bx n‡q‡Q †m¸‡jv‡Z Zuvi kw³gËv I wmw×i Qvc wQj Ges GB me m„wói ga¨ w`‡q wZwb n‡q D‡V‡Qb kxl© ¯’vbxq wPÎKi| 1973 mv‡j wZwb MÖ¨vRy‡qU nb| Zuvi Rb¥ 1953 mv‡j KjKvZvq| cÖ”Q‡`i QwewU 2005 mv‡j A¨vwµwj‡K Kiv| msMÖn : †e½j dvD‡Ûkb| 4

92 wKwjgvb&Rv‡ivi eidcyÄ l g~j : Av‡b©÷ †nwgsI‡q/ Abyev` : nvmvb AvwRRyj nK

ågY

104 cÖ¯ÍiKwVb jv`vL l gvwU©b †K¤ú‡kb/ Abyev` : RqK…ò Kqvj

g  bv U K

108 mI`vM‡ii †bŠ‡Kv l ivRbw›`bx emy

P j w”P Î

109 KjKvZv wd‡j¥vrm‡ei †miv cuvP l wbg©j ai 114 `k©‡Ki w`KUvI `qv K‡i GKUz †`L‡eb wK †`eviwZ-†mŠifiv? l iæ`ª k¼i

av iv ev wn K D c b¨v m

116 wKm&mv e‡jb †kn&iRv‡` l iweksKi ej 120 ¯§„wZi QvqvcvZ l kvnxb AvLZvi

we ‡` wk e B

126 KweZvq ¯’vb, Kvj I †`n l nvmvb †di‡`Šm

eBcÎ

129-136 Zcb evMPx/ gjqP›`b gy‡Lvcva¨vq/ AwfwRr `vk¸ß


mvwnZ¨ wkí ms¯‹…wZ welqK gvwmK cwÎKv

wØZxq el© : mßg msL¨v : Rvbyqvwi 2017

|

gvN 1423

7

dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb : evsjv M‡`¨ Abb¨ SsKvi l K…òv †mb m¤úv`K

bx‡i›`ªbv_ PµeZx© m¤úv`KgÐjx

Avwbmy¾vgvb M‡Yk nvjyB evYx emy Aveyj nvmbvZ

cÖwZ msL¨v 30 UvKv †jLv I weÁvc‡bi Rb¨ †hvMv‡hvM Kiæb +918584076447, barotapublicationspvt.ltd@gmail.com eviZv cvewj‡Kkbm& cÖvB‡fU wj. c‡¶ ïwPkÖx ivq KZ©„K iæg 1006, 11 Zjv, ïfg wewìs, 1 m‡ivwRbx bvBWz miwY, KjKvZv-700 017 †_‡K cÖKvwkZ Ges ZrKZ…©K wmwWwm wcÖ›Uvim& cÖvB‡fU wj., U¨vsiv BÛvw÷ªqvj G‡÷U-2 (†e½j cUvwi), 45 ivavbv_ †PŠayix †ivW, KjKvZv-700 015 †_‡K gyw`ªZ

†jLv cvVv‡bvi I †hvMv‡hv‡Mi wVKvbv

eviZv cvewj‡Kkbm& cÖvB‡fU wjwg‡UW 33G RInijvj †bniæ †ivW, P¨vUvwR© B›Uvib¨vkbvj †m›Uvi 18 Zjv, Kÿ 12 I 13, KjKvZv 700071 †dvb : 033 22880194, 033 22880195 †jLvi Rb¨ : +91 8334008012 weÁvcb : + 91 9830026645 Kali O Kalam | Volume 2 | Issue 7 | January 2017 | Magh 1423 RNI NO. WBBEN/2015/68122

Published by Suchisree Ray on behalf of Barota Publications Pvt. Ltd., Room 1006, 10th floor, Shubham Building, 1 Sarojini Naidu Sarani, Kolkata-700 017, and printed by her at CDC Printers Pvt Ltd., Tangra Industrial Estate-II (Bengal Pottery) 45 Radhanath Chowdhury Road, Kolkata-700 015

Contact us at Barota Publications Pvt. Ltd 33A Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Chatterjee International Centre 17th Floor, Room no.12 & 13, Kolkata 700071 Tel : 033 22880194, 033 22880195 For writing-based enquiries  :  +91 8334008012  For advertisements : +91 9830026645

Avgv‡`iB †jvK dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb Avgv‡`i †Q‡o †M‡jb| evsjv fvlv I evOvwji cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv Zuv‡K ¯§iYxq K‡i ivL‡e| GB †Zv †mw`b Agi GKz‡k MÖš’‡gjvi D`&‡evabx Abyôv‡b evsjvq e³…Zv w`‡q wZwb gvwZ‡q †M‡jb XvKvi †kÖvZv‡`i| Zuvi iwPZ I m¤úvw`Z MÖ‡š’i HwZnvwmK g~j¨ KL‡bvB n«vm cv‡e bv| Zuvi cÖwZ K…òv †mb mKj evOvwji n‡q kÖ×vwb‡e`b K‡i‡Qb Ges Gme iPbvi cwiPq Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb|

11

Ôkv-RvnvbÕ Avi-GKevi l mbrKzgvi mvnv mbrKzgvi mvnv iex›`ªbv‡_i Ôkv-RvnvbÕ KweZv cybtcvV K‡i‡Qb| Zv‡Z Kwei ÔQweÕ KweZvwUi Ges wKU&‡mi ÔIW Ab G wMÖwmqvb Avb©Õ KweZvi K_v D‡V G‡m‡Q Zzjbvq| kvnRvnvb Ges Acivci gymwjg kvm‡Ki wbwg©Z Ab¨vb¨ mgvwa‡mŠ‡ai K_v G‡m‡Q, G‡m‡Q BwZnv‡m Zuv‡`i ¯’v‡bi K_v| GB KweZvq wkí I wkíxi m¤^Üwbiƒc‡Yi cÖkœwUI ¸iæ‡Z¡i m‡½ we‡ePbv K‡i‡Qb cÖeÜKvi|

15

Avw`evmx Rxeb‡Kw›`ªK Dcb¨v‡m Kwei e„ËvšÍ l e`iæb bvnvi gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi wZ‡ivav‡b Zuvi m„wóm¤¢v‡ii cÖwZ Avgv‡`i `„wó AvK…ó n‡q‡Q bZzb K‡i| e`iæb bvnvi we‡klfv‡e Av‡jvPbv K‡i‡Qb Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ wb‡q, wKš‘ `„wó‡Z †i‡L‡Qb Avw`evmx RbRxeb‡K wb‡q †jLv Zuvi Ab¨vb¨ Dcb¨vm‡KI| †mBm‡½ Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi Kwe, AwfwRr †m‡bi iû PÐv‡ji nvo I †mwjbv †nv‡m‡bi bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb Dcb¨vm¸wji Av‡jvPbvI AšÍfz©³ n‡q‡Q|

5


weÁvcb 3

6


dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb : evsjv M‡`¨ Abb¨ SsKvi K…òv †mb

dv

`vi `¨wZ‡qb bvgwU ïb‡jB †Pv‡Li mvg‡b †f‡m I‡V ïåem‡b kixi‡gvov GKRb gvbyl, huvi Rxeb‡ev‡ai GKvsk‡K Av”Qbœ K‡i iv‡L wMR©vi kvšÍ mgvwnZ cwi‡ek| Avgiv, huviv wf³i û‡Mvi †jLv †j¨ wg‡Rive&j c‡owQ Abyev‡` ev g~‡j, †mLv‡b †c‡qwQ kvšÍ, †mŠg, w¯’Zax GKRb hvR‡Ki Qwe| `¨wZ‡qb mv‡ne‡K †miƒ‡c †f‡e wb‡Z cvi‡jB Kíbv AšÍZ GKUv wfwËf‚wg †c‡q hvq| †j¨ wg‡Rive&j eBwUi bv‡gv‡jø‡Li we‡kl KviY Dcb¨vmwU †h-fvlvq iwPZ, †mB divwmfvlx gvbyl n‡jb dv`vi cj `¨wZ‡qb| wZwb †ejwRqv‡gi divwmfvlx gvbyl| GUzKz Zuvi Ae¯’vbMZ cwiP‡qi †`¨vZK, wKš‘ m„wókxjZvi w`K †_‡K wZwb evsjv M`¨mvwn‡Z¨i Awfbe mªóv| Awfbe iPbv Avw½‡K evsjv M‡`¨ ¯’vcbv K‡i‡Qb bZzb AvfiY| evsjv M`¨mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnv‡m we‡`wki Ae`v‡bi mv_©K DËivwaKvix wZwb| †h-M`¨ DBwjqg& †Kwii nv‡Z cÖvY †c‡qwQj Zv‡KB Abb¨ m„Rb‰kwjZvq cÖwZwôZ K‡i‡Qb `¨wZ‡qb mv‡ne| evsjv Zuvi AvqË K‡i †bIqv fvlv, wKš‘ GB AwaKvi-c‡e©i gvSLv‡b i‡q‡Q `yB gnv‡`‡ki wfbœZv, `yB ms¯‹…wZi Zdvr, `yB ai‡bi Rxeb‡ev‡ai Dcjwä| cvðvZ¨ †_‡K cÖZx‡P¨ AvMgb, divwmqvbv fz‡j evOvwj-K…wói m‡½ cwiPq, msmvi-wejvm Z¨vM K‡i mbœ¨vm-Rxe‡b cÖ‡ek Ñ dv`v‡ii Rxe‡bi A‡bK¸‡jv euvKe`j| A_P me Qvwc‡q gyL¨ n‡q I‡V Zuvi †jLKmËv| evsjv

mvwn‡Z¨i A›`ign‡j Zuvi MZvqvZ Abvqvm, ¯^”Q›`| evsjvq Zuvi Af¨vMgb N‡UwQj 1949 wLªóv‡ã| fviZel© hLb Dcwb‡ekev` †_‡K ¯^vaxb RvZxqZvev‡`i c‡_ ïiæ K‡i‡Q hvÎv, †mB mg‡qB G‡`‡k Zuvi AvMgb mbœ¨vmx wn‡m‡e| †RmyBU mbœ¨vmxiƒ‡c agx©q Avbylw½KZvq AvMvgxi D`hvcb Ñ GB wQj Rxe‡bi D‡Ïk¨| Ab¨w`‡K Zuvi g‡bi jÿ¨ wQj evsjv fvlv wkÿvi Mfx‡i AeMvnb| †ejwRqv‡g Ae¯’vbKv‡j evsjv fvlvi m‡½ Zuvi †h-cwiPq N‡UwQj, Zvi cwimxgv wQj ÿz`ª| evsjvq Avmvi ciB †c‡qwQ‡jb wbweofv‡e evsjv fvlv‡K †R‡b †bIqvi we¯Í…Z †cÖÿvcU| Ôevsjv fvlvq Avgvi AbycÖ‡ek kÖxivgcy‡i Ñ †Kwi-¯§„wZi Qvqv”Qbœ kÖxivgcy‡i| m‡egvÎ G‡mwQ †`k †_‡K, Kvq‡iv‡Z †Kbv †mvjvi UzwcUv †d‡jwQ Wv÷we‡b, Bs‡iwR fvlv fvj K‡i †kLvi Av‡MB wkL‡Z e‡mwQ evsjv|Õ1 †kl ch©šÍ evsjv fvlv I evOvwjqvbvi m‡½ GZB Mfxi fvjevmveÜbx m¤úK© M‡o I‡V †h, wZwb n‡q I‡Vb evOvwji AvcbRb, wbKURb| dv`vi cj `¨wZ‡q‡bi Rb¥ †ejwRqv‡gi †QvÆ kni ikd‡i| Rb¥mvj 1924 wLªóvã Ges ZvwiL 30 wW‡m¤^i| cÖK…wZi AK…cY †mŠ›`‡h©i PviYf‚wg‡Z Zuvi †e‡o IVv| wKš‘ ag©cÖvY cwiev‡ii mvnP‡h© wZwb Avi cuvPRb M„nx gvbyl n‡q DV‡Z cv‡ibwb, Rxe‡bi wm×v‡šÍ wZwb n‡q I‡Vb wLªóhvRK| wcZvi evmbv wQj Zuvi cwiev‡ii AšÍZ GKRb †hb hvRKvwf‡l‡K Awfwl³ nb|

7


cj `¨wZ‡qbB †mB wcZ…-evmbvi gyw³ NwU‡qwQ‡jb| ÔfMev‡bi Wv‡K mvov w`‡qÕ Ck¦i‡cÖ‡gi gvnvZ¥¨ weZi‡Yi D‡Ï‡k¨ Zuv‡K Qvo‡Z n‡e †`k Ñ †e‡Q wb‡Z n‡e fviZel© A_ev Avwd«Kv, †h-†Kv‡bv GKwU| wZwb fviZe‡l©i evsjvq Avmvi wm×všÍB MÖnY K‡ib| Zvi Ck¦imvabv, gvbe‡cÖ‡gi ga¨ w`‡q Rxeb`k©b| evsjvq G‡m wZwb Dcjwä Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb †mB gvbe‡cÖ‡giB GK ¯Íi, `yB ¯Íi, eû ¯Íi| Av‡iv GKwU wel‡qi cÖwZ Zuvi †cÖg QvÎve¯’v †_‡KB Ñ fvlvwkÿv| divwm Zuvi gvZ…fvlv, cÖv_wgK we`¨vwkÿvi ci Av‡iv `ywU aªæc`x fvlv wMÖK I jvwZb wk‡LwQ‡jb QeQi| ms¯‹…Z I evsjv fvlvwkÿv ce© hLb ïiæ nq, ZLb wZwb mœvZK ¯Í‡ii QvÎ| mnR Aby‡gq, †hŠe‡bi MwÐ AwZµg Kivi c~‡e©B †ek K‡qKwU aªæc`x fvlv I mvwnZ¨ m¤ú‡K© Zuvi g‡a¨ M‡o D‡VwQj †cv³ aviYvejq| ¯^‡`‡k _vKvKvjxb wZwb ms¯‹…Z fvlvi wkÿK wn‡m‡e †c‡qwQ‡jb weL¨vZ fviZ `vk©wbK dv`vi wc‡qi †Rvnvb&m&‡K| evOvwj ms¯‹…wZi m‡½ wQ‡U‡duvUv cwiP‡qi †h-my‡hvM N‡UwQj, ZvI dv`vi †Rvnvb&‡mi gyLwbtm„Z wKQy M‡íi †fZi w`‡q| `¨wZ‡qb ey‡SwQ‡jb, ïay ïK‡bv eB‡qi cvZv c‡o evsjv fvlvi im wQwb‡q †bIqv hv‡e bv| fvlv Mfxifv‡e Rvb‡Z n‡j K…wóI Rvb‡Z n‡e mgvšÍiZvq| †m-Kvi‡Y evOvwj mgvR‡K RvbvI GKvšÍ cÖ‡qvRb| evsjvq †cuŠ‡Q h_vh_ Ges cÖ_vMZfv‡e evsjv fvlvwkÿv ïiæ K‡ib dv`vi cj `¨wZ‡qb| kÖxivgcyi K¨v_wjK wgk‡bi Aa¨ÿ dv`vi †`uv‡Z‡bi Kv‡QB ïiæ Zuvi wkÿvMÖnY| †`uv‡Zb mv‡ne wQ‡jb evsjv I ms¯‹…Z fvlvi imÁ cwÐZ| GKmgq wZwb ÔA‡K‡Rv ey‡ovÕ QÙbv‡g evsjv M`¨ wjL‡Zb cwÎKvi cvZvq| Zuvi Ic‡iB fvi b¨¯Í n‡qwQj we‡`kvMZ mbœ¨vmx‡`i evsjv †kLv‡bvi| GB wkÿv`vb c×wZ‡Z wZwb †h †ek Kov gv÷vigkvB wQ‡jb Zv dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi †jLv †_‡KB Rvbv hvq| Wv‡qwii †Quov cvZvq Ôey‡ov mv‡neÕ wk‡ivbvgvw¼Z nvm¨imgq iPbvskwU Zuv‡K wb‡qB †jLv| †mB †jLv †_‡K Zz‡j aiv hvK bgybv : ÔLvZvq †Kv‡bv Bs‡iwR kã †jLvB wbwl×| GKw`b Ab‡b¨vcvq n‡q ÔLywKÕ kãwUi A_© wj‡LwQjvg : ÔG wjUj Mvj©Õ| ey‡ov mv‡ne †i‡M Av¸b| wb‡RI AwZô n‡q wRÁvmv K‡iwQjvg : ÔZ‡e wjLe Kx?Õ wZwb e‡jwQ‡jb : Ô†LvKvi Dj‡Uv|Õ nvq, Avwg †h †LvKvi A_©I RvbZvg bv|Õ2 dv`vi dv‡jui cÖZ¨ÿ mvnPh©I dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi evsjv wkÿv‡K `vb K‡iwQj A‡bKLvwb MfxiZv I gm„YZv| Zuviv `xN©w`b GKm‡½ kvwšÍfe‡b evm K‡i‡Qb| evsjv fvlvi cÖwZ dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi Av‡eM Abeiæ×, evsjv fvlvi cÖwZ Zuvi AvKl©Y Mfxi| ïay cÖ‡qvRbB hw` nZ Zuvi G-fvlvwkÿvi g~j KviY, Z‡e Zv cÖ‡qvRb‡K Qvwc‡q n‡q DV‡Z cviZ bv Abyf‚wZ cÖKv‡ki gva¨g| evsjv fvlv, mvwnZ¨, mvs¯‹…wZK cwigЇj `k eQi AwZµvšÍ Kivi ci Zuvi †RmyBU mbœ¨vmxi cwiPq KZKUv bv‡gi g‡a¨B mxgve× n‡q hvq, Zzjbvq A‡bK †ewk gy³ n‡q I‡V Zuvi †jLKmËv evOvwj mvi¯^Z mgv‡R, †eŠw×K Rbgvb‡m| Zuvi M‡`¨i mvejxj cÖKvk-fw½gvq wewNœZ nb †`k cwÎKvi wKse`wšÍ m¤úv`K mvMigq †Nvl| mv‡n‡ei †jLv Av`vq K‡i †bq Zuvi D`viwPË cÖksmv| †mB cÖksmv mZ¨Zv gvb hvPvB n‡q hvq †`k cwÎKvi cvZvq dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi †jLv cÖKv‡ki ga¨ w`‡q| Zuvi †jLvi AM©jgy³ MwZ‡mªv‡Z Q‡qi `k‡Ki †`k cwÎKvi cvVKKz‡ji g‡bI Rv‡M cÖkœ Ñ dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb wK †Kv‡bv evOvwj †jL‡Ki QÙbvg? GB wRÁvmvwPýB n‡q `uvovq Zuvi †jLvi D”Pgvb wba©viKvi

8

GK †hvM¨Zg gvcKvwV| GgbB Zuvi mnRvZ m„RbKzkjZv| mvwnZ¨‡ÿ‡Î AvMg‡bi cÖ_g w`bwU †_‡KB wZwb cÖw_Zhkv, iPbv‰bcy‡Y¨i Kvi‡Y| mvwnwZ¨K wn‡m‡e dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi Avwef©ve Wv‡qwii †Quov cvZvq; †`k cwÎKvq avivevwnKfv‡e cÖKvk `ywKw¯Í‡Z, 1959 †_‡K 1963 wLªóvã Ges 1969 †_‡K 1971 wLªóvã ch©šÍ| hw`I Zuvi cÖ_g gyw`ªZ †jLv Ô†jL‡Ki †jLbxÕ wk‡ivbvgvw¼Z| A¯^vÿwiZ G-†jLvwU gyw`ªZ nq wLªóvb K¨v_wjK m¤úÖ`v‡qi gyLcÎ Avgv‡`i Rxe‡b| c‡i GB †jLvwU jvj‡c‡o Mívewj‡Z (2015) msKwjZ n‡q‡Q| †ivRbvgPv avivevwnKfv‡e cÖKvwkZ nq Ag„Z cwÎKvq| 1978 mv‡j Zuvi †ejwRqv‡g cÖZ¨veZ©‡bi Kvi‡Y wKQyUv mgq evsjv mvwnZ¨ m„wó‡Z Av‡m mvgwqK we‡”Q`| AvU‡cŠ‡i w`bcwÄ (2013) iPbvi ga¨ w`‡q †mB Liv KvwU‡q cybivq evsjv-mvwnZ¨f‚wg‡K K‡i‡Qb mydjv| mvwnZ¨-m„wói mdjZv¯^iƒc †c‡q‡Qb mü`q cvV‡Ki Avb›`gq Abyf‚wZ Ges ¯^xK…wZ wn‡m‡e 1973 mv‡j biwmsn`vm cyi¯‹vi Ges 2010-G iex›`ª cyi¯‹vi jvf K‡i‡Qb| dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi cÖwZwU MÖ‡š’i bvgKiYB eywS‡q †`q G¸‡jv w`bwjwc ev w`bv‡jL¨ RvZxq iPbv Ñ Wv‡qwii †Quov cvZv, †ivRbvgPv, AvU‡cŠ‡i w`bcwÄ| wKš‘ mvj-Zvwi‡Li D‡jøLmn KvjvbyµwgKZv †hfv‡e w`bwjwc ev Wv‡qwii (diary) g‡a¨ eRvq _v‡K, `¨wZ‡qb mv‡n‡ei iPbv GB ˆewkó¨gy³| A_©vr cÖ_vgvwdK Q‡K euvav Wv‡qwii Avw½‡K AšÍfz©³ Kiv hvq bv Zuvi M`¨m¤¢vi‡K| Zuvi M`¨ Zuvi AwfÁZvivwRi gwmwjwLZ iƒc| GB AwfÁZvi iƒc cÖKv‡k wZwb A‡bK †ewk ¯^vaxb| Wv‡qwii iPwqZv Zuvi e¨w³MZ Abyf‚wZ cÖKv‡ki †ÿ‡Î A‡bK †ewk ¯^”Q›`, †Lvjv‡gjv| Zuvi Dcjwä †_‡K gvbm-RM‡Zi D‡b¥vPb meUv‡ZB wZwb AKcU| Wv‡qwiI hLb myweb¨¯Í wPšÍvq, m„wókxj ˆkjx mgš^‡q wjwLZ nq, ZLb Zv e¨w³MZ ¯Íi AwZµg K‡i DbœxZ nq mvwn‡Z¨i ch©v‡q| cÖm½Z D‡jøL Kiv hvq, qy‡ivc-hvÎxi Wvqvwi, ¯§„wZi †iLv, Z…Yv¼zi cÖf…wZ Wv‡qwiagx© iPbvi K_v| dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi M`¨¸‡jv gyL¨Z Wv‡qwii †Quov cvZv I AvU‡cŠ‡i w`bcwÄi iPbv¸‡jvi m‡½ wKQy-wKQy †ÿ‡Î Wv‡qwii wgj _vK‡jI AwaK mvhyR¨ Rvb©v‡ji m‡½| Rvb©v‡j ˆ`bw›`b NUbv‡mªv‡Zi Zzjbvq †jL‡Ki gbbkxj ¯^wPšÍ‡bi cÖfve cwijwÿZ nq Mfxifv‡e| `¨wZ‡qb mv‡n‡ei †jLv¸‡jvi g‡a¨ Av‡Q e¨w³MZ AwfÁZvi avivevwnK weeiY| Z‡e GB avivevwnKZv mgq‡Kw›`ªK bq| m‡½ Zuvi cvwÐZ¨myjf we‡kølYx ÿgZv, F× fvebv, wbweó †cÖÿvkw³ iPbv‡K `vb K‡i‡Q D”PgvMx©q mvwn‡Z¨i gh©v`v| †gŠwjK mvwnZ¨m„R‡bi cvkvcvwk M‡elYvagx© MÖš’ m¤úv`bvi Kv‡RI Zuvi gbxlvi `xß cÖKvk N‡U‡Q| Zuvi m¤úvw`Z MÖš’ `ywU : GKwU nj DBwjqg& †Kwii BwZnvmgvjv I AciwU nj M`¨ci¤úiv| BwZnvmgvjvi m¤úv`bv evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i c‡ÿ wbtm‡›`‡n GKwU †kÖô I ¸iæZ¡c~Y© KvR| evsjv M`¨-mvwn‡Z¨i D™¢e I weKv‡ki hy‡Mi MÖš’ wn‡m‡e BwZnvmgvjvi HwZnvwmK ¸iæZ¡ Acwimxg| 1812 mv‡j gyw`ªZ nIqv eBwUi m¤úv`bvi KvR wQj †ek cwikÖg I Avqvmmva¨| M`¨ci¤úiv evsjv M‡`¨i msKjb| 485 Rb mvwnwZ¨‡Ki M`¨iPbvi GK c„ôv K‡i msKwjZ n‡q‡Q GB MÖ‡š’| evsjv M`¨ mvwn‡Z¨i wel‡q dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi Áv‡bi RMr †h e„nr wQj, G-MÖš’B Zv cÖgvY K‡i| `¨wZ‡q‡bi m¤úv`bvq DBwjqg& †Kwii BwZnvmgvjv cÖKvwkZ nq 1972 wLªóv‡ã| eBwU cÖ_g gyw`ªZ nq Zvi 160 eQi Av‡M


A_©vr 1812 wLªóv‡ã kÖxivgcyi wgkb †cÖm †_‡K| eBwU †m-mg‡q cvVKgn‡j cÖPvwiZ nIqvi we‡kl my‡hvMB jvf K‡iwb| †Kbbv IB eQ‡iiB (1812 wLªóvã) gvP© gv‡m AwMœKv‡Ði `iæb eB‡qi cy‡iv ÷KB f¯§xf‚Z n‡q hvq| †Muvovwgi Kvi‡Y e¨vwÞ÷ wgkbvwiiv B”Qv K‡iB GB eBwU Av¸‡b wbwÿß K‡iwQ‡jb, Ggb m¤¢vebvI cÖ”Qbœ i‡q‡Q| dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi K_vq †Kwii msKwjZ GMv‡ivwU M‡í wn›`y †`eZvi D‡jøL, cvkvcvwk webv wØavq Aviwebv, c~Rv, fMevb, ˆ`e, Kg©dj cÖf…wZ wn›`yZ¡ev`x k‡ãi AwaMÖnY IciZjvi wLªóvb wgkbvwi‡`i AcQ‡›`i welq wQj| GKRb wLªóag© cÖPvi‡Ki A‡nZzK wn›`yqvwbi cÖwZ AwaK AvKl©Y Aciv‡aiB kvwgj n‡q D‡VwQj Zuv‡`i †Pv‡L| †mB Aciv‡ai gvmyjB BwZnvmgvjv web‡ói ga¨ w`‡q cwi‡kva Ki‡Z n‡qwQj †Kwi mv‡ne‡K| BwZnvmgvjvi webvkKv‡Ði m¤¢vebvi GKUv w`K Gfv‡eB mvwnZ¨-wPšÍK‡`i mvg‡b Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb dv`vi cj `¨wZ‡qb| BwZnvmgvjv eBwUi aŸsmZ¡cÖvwßi Kvi‡YB evOvwji mvwnZ¨ gvb‡mi Kv‡Q G-eBwUi Aw¯ÍZ¡ wQj AÁvZ| `¨wZ‡qb mv‡ne‡KI wbijm cwikÖ‡gi ga¨ w`‡q D×vi Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q GB msKjb| AbymÜv‡bi BwZnvm Zuvi iPbv †_‡KB D×…Z Kiv †Mj : ÔAvmj K_v GB †h, †Kwi mv‡n‡ei iPbvi GK bgybv LyuR‡Z wM‡q BwZnvmgvjvi mvsNvwZKfv‡e ej¥xKvµvšÍ GK Kwc †Pv‡L coj| cvV Ki‡Z ïiæ Kijvg| †ek †eM †c‡Z n‡q‡Q : G‡K †Zv A‡bK w`‡bi eB, Zv‡Z Avevi QuvKwbi g‡Zv dz‡Uv-fivÕ3 e½xq mvwnZ¨ cwil‡` cvIqv (gvÎ `ywU jvB‡eªwi‡Z GB eB‡qi Kwc msiwÿZ wQj Ñ e½xq mvwnZ¨ cwil` I b¨vkbvj jvB‡eªwi|) DB‡cvKv `sk‡b RxY© BwZnvmgvjvi m¤úv`bv Kv‡R wZwb †h DrK‡l©i Qvc †i‡L‡Qb Zv GKRb h_v_© m¤úv`‡Ki Kv‡Ri wb`k©b| Av‡eMnxb hyw³ci¤úivq MÖ‡š’i weeiY, fvlv I e¨vKiY wb‡q wZwb †h Av‡jvPbv K‡i‡Qb, Zv eû¯Íixq| GKRb mv‡n‡ei msKwjZ iPbv, m‡e©vcwi evsjv M‡`¨i m„wóce©Kvjxb fvlvi `yiƒnZv, e¨vKi‡Yi RwUjZvq MÖš’kixi mnR‡eva¨, ¯^”Q›` bq| e¨vKi‡Yi Av‡jvPbvq Avjv`vfv‡e we‡kl¨, we‡klY, me©bvg, Ae¨q, wµqvc‡`i e¨envi, evK¨web¨vm wb‡q Zuvi cvwÐZ¨jä Av‡jvPbv MÖš’ m¤úv`bv‡K K‡i‡Q DrK…ó| GgbwK M‡íi Kzkxje, M‡íi Drm wel‡qi Dc¯’vcb m¤ú~Y© K‡i‡Q Zuvi Av‡jvPbvi e„ˇK| Zuvi wbLyuZ `„wóc_ Gwo‡q hvqwb MÖ‡š’i gy`ªYcÖgv`I| `¨wZ‡qb mv‡n‡ei wePÿYZvi Kvi‡YB BwZnvmgvjv wPiKv‡ji Rb¨ Acm„Z n‡q hvqwb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnvm †_‡K| W. myKzgvi †mb GB MÖ‡š’i Bs‡iwR Abyev‡`i Rb¨ Zuvi m¤úvw`Z MÖš’wU‡KB †e‡Q wb‡qwQ‡jb| dv`vi `¨wZ‡qbK…Z BwZnvmgvjvi m¤úv`bv GKw`‡K †hgb Zuvi evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i MfxiZvi cÖwZ †eŠw×K cÖKvk, Ab¨w`‡K c~e©m~wii mvwnZ¨K…wZi cÖwZ m¤§vbbv cÖ`k©b| Zuvi m¤úvw`Z M`¨ci¤úiv MÖ‡š’i cÖKvkKvj 1977 wLªóvã| MÖš’wUi cwiKíbv-fvebv Awfbe| †kÖô KweZv, †kÖô Mí cÖf…wZ msKj‡bi m‡½ Avgiv AwaK cwiwPZ| Z‡e GKRb M`¨Kv‡ii †kÖô GKcvZv M`¨iPbvi msKj‡bi m‡½ evsjv mvwnZ¨ cvV‡Ki we‡kl Avjvc †bB| 485 Rb evsjv M`¨Kv‡ii iPbvi Ô†kÖô c„ôvÕ MÖnY K‡iB m¤úv`bv K‡i‡Qb M`¨ci¤úiv| iPbvi †kÖôZ¡ wbe©vP‡bi `vqfviUzKz m¤úv`‡Ki| Z‡e †mB wbe©vP‡bi g‡a¨ †h †Kv‡bv cÖKvi AmsjMœZv †bB, Zv MÖš’cv‡VB cÖgvwYZ| MÖš’g‡a¨

M`¨m¾vi †ÿ‡Î iwÿZ n‡q‡Q µwgK avivweb¨vm| gv‡bv‡qj `¨ Avmmy¤ú&muvI, DBwjqg& †Kwi, DBwjqvg& B‡qU&m, †dwj· †Kwi cÖgyL mv‡n‡ei evsjv M‡`¨i bgybvI ms‡hvwRZ K‡i‡Qb m¤úv`K| GB MÖ‡š’ msKwjZ M`¨¸‡jv †h mgqce©‡K wb‡`©k K‡i‡Q Zv evsjvM‡`¨i D‡b¥lc‡e©i Kvj †_‡K wek kZ‡Ki mv‡Zi `kK ch©šÍ| m¤úv`‡Ki h_vh_ f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡Z wM‡q wZwb Rvwb‡q‡Qb iPbvm¾vi cš’v : ÔiPbv¸wj µgweb¨vm Kiv n‡q‡Q me©cÖ_g cÖKv‡ki Zvwi‡Li wfwˇZ| †mB ZvwiLwU Rvbv bv _vK‡j cy¯ÍKvKv‡i cÖ_g cÖKv‡ki KvjwU‡KB MY¨ Kiv n‡q‡Q| †mUvI bv Rvb‡Z cvi‡j m¼jwqZv AvbygvwbK cÖKvkKvj Aej¤^b K‡i‡Q|Õ4 cvVK‡K AewnZ Kivi j‡ÿ¨ iPbv¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© Dc¯’vwcZ K‡i‡Qb eûwea Z_¨ Ñ KZRb †jwLKv Av‡Qb, VvKzievwoi KZR‡bi †jLv msKwjZ n‡q‡Q, mvay I PwjZ fvlvq †jLv c„ôv KZ¸‡jv M„nxZ n‡q‡Q, KZ¸‡jv bvUK I ig¨iPbvi c„ôv MÖnY Kiv n‡q‡Q BZ¨vw`| Zuvi GB wbweó Z_¨ Dc¯’vcbvi †cQ‡b M‡el‡Ki `vwqZ¡ †hgb wg‡k Av‡Q, †Zgwb AšÍjx©b n‡q Av‡Q GKRb cwicvwU MÖš’-m¤úv`‡Ki hZœkxj m¤úv`bvi Qvc| ïay MÖš’-m¤úv`bv bq, cwÎKv m¤úv`bvi ga¨ w`‡qI wZwb n‡q I‡Vb evsjvi mvi¯^Z mgv‡Ri wewkóRb| m¤ú~Y© wfb‡`wk GKwU fvlv AvqË Kivi `k eQ‡ii g‡a¨ cwÎKv m¤úv`bvi `vwqZ¡ MÖnY Zuvi Rxe‡b ˆa‡h©i m‡½ hy³ K‡i mvnwmKZv kãwU‡KI| wLªóxq mgv‡Ri gyLcÎ Avgv‡`i Rxeb cwÎKvi `vwqZ¡fvi wZwb MÖnY K‡ib 1960 wLªóv‡ãi RyjvB msL¨v †_‡K| we‡kl GKwU agx©q m¤úª`v‡qi gyLcÎ nIqvi `iæb cwÎKvq agx©q Aven mÂvwiZ wQj cÖMvpfv‡e| m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e wZwb ey‡SwQ‡jb m¤úv`bvi †Lvjbj‡P e`‡j wb‡Z bv cvi‡j agx©q evZveiY †_‡K cwÎKv‡K gy³ Kiv hv‡e bv| Zuvi nvZ a‡iB GB cwÎKvi †`‡n mvwnZ¨i‡mi mÂvi Ges GB cwÎKv m¤úv`bvi ga¨ w`‡qB Zuvi m¤úv`K-mËvi weKvk GKBm‡½ mvwnZ¨‡ev‡ai Db¥xjb| Avw½K web¨v‡mi cÖwZ HKvwšÍK g‡bv‡hvM, ¯^”Q `„wófw½ Ges m„wókxj fveyK-mËv Ñ wθY mgš^‡qi Kvi‡Y wZwb mv_©K m¤úv`K| we‡kl agx©q m¤úª`v‡qi cwÎKv nIqvq agx©q Abyl½ m¤ú~Y©iƒ‡c eR©b Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb, †m-cÖqvm ZuviI †PZbvMZ wQj bv| Z‡e mvwnZ¨‡Nulv K‡i †Zvjvi †h-cÖ‡Póv, Zv‡Z mvwnZ¨im D”P¯Íixq †Zv n‡qB wQj, cvkvcvwk agx©q Kvwnwb¸‡jvI GK‡N‡qwgi Rvj wQbœ K‡i n‡q D‡VwQj myLcvV¨| wb‡Ri cwikxwjZ iæwP I †ev‡ai RvqMv †_‡K wZwb cwÎKvq ms‡hvwRZ K‡ib c„ôvmsL¨vi D‡jøLmn m~wPcÎ, hv c~e©cÖKvwkZ cwÎKv¸‡jv‡Z bR‡i c‡o bv| c~e©Mvgx‡`i gZ agx©q g‡bvfve Zuvi wPšÍvaviv‡K GK‡c‡k K‡i †`qwb e‡jB wZwb cwÎKvi bvg Avgv‡`i Rxeb e`‡j †i‡LwQ‡jb Rxeb| Zuvi wb‡Ri K_vq : Ô†lvok c„ôvi cvwievwiK IB cÎwU cÖwZ gv‡m †eiæZ| Ii Avw` AvL¨v wQj ÔAvgv‡`i RxebÕ| MÖvnKmsL¨vq e„w×mvab Ñ Awfjv‡l Avwg KZ…©c‡ÿi Aby‡gv`‡b, Ii bvgvšÍi K‡iwQjvg : ÔRxebÕ|5 (GLv‡b GKUv welq D‡jøLbxq, dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb cwÎKvi bvg cwieZ©‡bi K_v D‡jøL Ki‡jI jvB‡eªwi‡Z cwÎKv¸‡jv †`Lvi mgq bR‡i Av‡m cwÎKvi cÖ”Q`c‡U gyw`ªZ i‡q‡Q ÔAvgv‡`i RxebÕ bvgwU| Aek¨ ÔAvgv‡`iÕ kãwU ÔRxebÕ k‡ãi Zzjbvq A‡bKLvwb ÿz`ª ni‡d †jLv, †hUv c~‡e© cÖKvwkZ cwÎKv¸‡jv‡Z †`Lv hvq bv|)

9


`¨wZ‡qb mv‡ne hLb wb‡Ri m¤úvw`Z cwÎKvq wjL‡Qb, cvkvcvwk wjL‡Qb †`k cwÎKvq avivevwnK Wv‡qwii †Quov cvZv| †m-Kvi‡YB †ek wKQy Kvwnwb `yB cwÎKv‡ZB cÖKvwkZ, wfbœZv ïay wk‡ivbv‡g ev Pwi·`i bvgKi‡Y| Wv‡qwii †Quov cvZvi GKv`kZg Aa¨v‡q ÔKzkv‡ji KvwnwbÕ †hUv cvVK‡`i †kvbvb, †mB GKB Kvwnwb ÔˆK‡kviÕ bv‡g cÖKvwkZ nq Zuvi m¤úvw`Z cwÎKvi cvZvq| UzUzi KvwnwbI cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q Dfq cwÎKv‡ZB| †`k cwÎKvi Ôeveyj miKv‡iÕ ewY©Z M‡íi m‡½ †Kv‡bv Zdvr †bB Rxe‡b (Avgv‡`i Rxeb) cÖKvwkZ Ôc`vc©YÕ M‡íi| Av‡iv A‡bK iPbv i‡q‡Q †h¸‡jv wZwb †`k cwÎKvq wj‡L‡Qb ¯^bv‡g, Avi K¨v_wjK m¤úª`v‡qi gyLc‡Î wj‡L‡Qb QÙbv‡g| Drcj `Ë ivq, Kgj emy, B›`ªbv_ `Ë, dv`vi †`, dv`vi hZxb cvj, cÖfvZx †` Ñ GKvwaK QÙbvg dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi| 1960 wLªóv‡ãi RyjvB msL¨v †_‡K 1966 wLªóv‡ãi wW‡m¤^i msL¨v ch©šÍ GKUvbv m¤úv`K wZwb| Gici wKQy wewÿß Dcw¯’wZ Ñ KL‡bv hyM¥-m¤úv`K, KL‡bv m¤úv`KgÐjx‡Z| 1975 mv‡ji RyjvB gv‡m Avjvc bvgK GK cwÎKvi cÖ_g msKjb cÖKvk K‡ib wZwb| wewfbœ ¯‹z‡ji Drmvnx QvÎQvÎx‡`i iPbv wb‡qB G-msKjb| cÖKv‡ki †cQ‡b Aby‡iva wQj Wvd ¯‹z‡ji w`w`gwY‡`i Avi wZwb Drmvn †c‡qwQ‡jb `yRb gnvb e¨w³‡Z¡i Ñ Abœ`vk¼i ivq I mZ¨wRr ivq| cwÎKvwU m¤ú‡K© †jL‡Ki wb‡RiB GKwU e³e¨ : ÔcÖ_g msKjbwU‡Z QwÎkwU we`¨vj‡qi beŸB Rb QvÎQvÎx‡`i iPbv ¯’vb cvq| mvZ nvRvi Kwc gyw`ªZ n‡qwQj, wewµI Abyiƒc|Õ6 G-cwÎKv m¤úv`bvi †ÿ‡Î dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb A‡bK †ewk ¯^vaxb wQ‡jb Ges G-cwÎKv wQj me©‡Zvfv‡eB mvwnZ¨‡eva mgwš^Z GK cwÎKv| m¤úv`KmËvi cvkvcvwk Zuvi Abyev`KmËvI D¾¡j| divwm mvwn‡Z¨i weL¨vZ wK‡kvi-MÖš’ Auv‡Zvqvb& `¨ mu¨v‡ZKmy‡cwii †jLv j¨ c¨wZ cÖuvm eBwU wZwb evsjvq Abyev` K‡ib| Zuvi m¤úv`bvKv‡j Rxeb (Avgv‡`i Rxeb) cwÎKvq GB Abyev` Ô†QvU ivRKzgviÕ bv‡g avivevwnKfv‡e cÖKvwkZ nq 1962 wLªóv‡ãi Rvbyqvwi msL¨v †_‡K b‡f¤^i msL¨v ch©šÍ| GB Abyev` fvevbyev`| wgP©v Gwjqv‡`i †jLv jv byB †e½wj evsjvq Abyev` K‡ib evsjvi ivZ bv‡g| Abyev‡`I Zuvi kã wbe©vPb SiS‡i, AvoóZvgy³; evK¨web¨vm wbf©vi, ¯^”Q›`, ü`qMÖvnx| m¤úv`bv, Abyev`Kg© Ñ G meB †hb evsjv fvlv I mvwnZ¨‡K †K‡›`ª †i‡L Zuvi eûgyLx AveZ©b| dv`vi cj `¨wZ‡qb gyL¨Z M`¨Kvi| Zuvi M‡`¨i webywbi duv‡K-duv‡K AšÍjx©b n‡q Av‡Q Q›`, hv‡K wZwb wb‡RB AwfwnZ K‡i‡Qb ÔM`¨Q›`Õ bv‡g| Avm‡j Zuvi wjLb‰kjxi avivq h‡_vchy³ k‡ãi h_vh_ cÖwZ¯’vcb n‡q D‡V‡Q iPbvi Vvm eyb‡bi KviY| µgk Q‡›`vgq MwZ‡Z AMÖMwZ N‡U‡Q M‡`¨i| Zv‡ZB Q‡›`vmyjf GK MwZgqZv G‡m‡Q M`¨kix‡i| cÖvZ¨wnK Rxe‡bi Qwe Aÿ‡i Zz‡j ai‡Z wM‡q wZwb wbg©vY K‡i‡Qb M‡`¨i evK&-cÖwZgv| cÖ_g hLb wZwb evsjv mvwnZ¨ m„wóK‡í Kjg Zz‡j wb‡qwQ‡jb, ZLb Zuvi fvlvi cÖvÄjZvq cvVKKz‡ji Abyf‚wZ n‡qwQj, wZwb †Kv‡bv evOvwj †jLK| A‡b‡Ki g‡bB G-aviYv Rb¥ wb‡qwQj, nq‡Zv ciïivg ev ˆmq` gyRZev Avjx bZzb †Kv‡bv Q›`bv‡gi Avov‡j Kjg Pvjv‡”Qb| †`k cwÎKvq avivevwnKfv‡e cÖKvwkZ ÔWv‡qwii †Quov cvZvÕ cvV K‡i mgv‡jvPKKzj Zuvi iPbv‰kjx m¤ú‡K© †h gZvgZ Ávcb K‡iwQ‡jb Zv wb‡RB D×…Z K‡i‡Qb : ÔAvgvi ÷vBj bvwK `yÕAvbv divwm, `yÕAvbv evsjv Avi

10

cuPvËi bqv cqmv (ˆc‡m) m¤ú~Y© wbR¯^|Õ7 Zuvi m„wóKvj evsjv M`¨mvwn‡Z¨i GK AZz¨¾¡j ce©| evsjv fvlvi cÖwZ Zuvi †h Mfxi kÖ×v I fvjevmv, ZviB ewntcÖKvk N‡U‡Q Zuvi †jLbxi gy‡L| evsjv Zuvi ü`qvbyf‚wZi fvlv, ZvB AšÍi-Dcjwäi cÖKv‡k wZwb evavnxb| ¯^m„ó M‡`¨i SsKvi Zuvi wb‡Ri Kv‡bB gayi †kvbvq, ¯§i‡Y iv‡Lb eyׇ`e emyi Dw³ : ÔTrust your earÕ|8 GB wek¦vm‡hvM¨Zv cÖwZ¯’vc‡bB evsjv M`¨mvwnZ¨‡K, w`bv‡jL¨agx© iPbv Avw½K‡K, ig¨iPbv‡K bZzbZi gvÎvq wb‡q †h‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb wZwb| Zuvi iPbvi cÖwZ fvlvPvh© mybxwZKzgvi P‡Ævcva¨v‡qi gšÍe¨ mv_©K I h_vh_ : ÔWhat I admire very much is your command over all styles of Bengali, including mussal-mani Bengali.Õ9 dv`vi `¨wZ‡q‡bi M`¨ Avgv‡`i Av”Qbœ K‡i iv‡L we¯§‡q| fve‡Z AevK jv‡M Ggb gvayh©gq M‡`¨i m„RK Rb¥m~‡Î A-evOvwj, A-fviZxq, cvðv‡Z¨i Awaevmx| evsjv fvlvi Ici Zuvi Abvqvm `Lj, Abycg k‡ãi fvÐvi Zuvi KiZjMZ| ¯^vZš¿¨wPwýZ ev‡K¨i e¨envi Zuvi D”P¯Íixq †eva I cvwÐZ¨ Zz‡j a‡i| Zuvi m„ó M`¨ Zuvi wbweo mvwnZ¨ Zcðh©vi dmj| Rxeb im‡ev‡ai gvÎv A‡bKLvwb D”P¯Íixq n‡j Z‡eB Zv aiv c‡o Kvwji AuvP‡o| `¨wZ‡qb mv‡n‡ei †jLvq cvV‡Ki wbweówPË nIqvi g~j KviYB n‡jv eyw× I †ev‡ai cikjvMv imwcÖqZv| ejvi mvgvb¨ wel‡qiB AšÍiv‡j dêyavivi g‡Zv cÖengvb ejvi fw½gv I kã wbe©vP‡bi †KŠkjMZ cÖqvm| †cÖ‡g›`ª wgÎi iPbv‡ZI Abycg †mŠ›`‡h©i g~‡j i‡q hvq kã I evK¨m¾vi gvayh©| Dc¯’vcbixwZi Abb¨Zvi Kvi‡YB Zuvi Mí wn‡jøvj †Zv‡j myax cvV‡Ki ü`‡q| w`bv‡j‡L¨i iPwqZv dv`vi `¨wZ‡qbI Zuvi giwg M‡`¨i mim cÖKv‡k Zz‡j a‡ib cig igYxqZv| cÖKvkfw½‡Z Zuvi ig¨iPbv n‡q I‡V ev¯Íe AwfÁZv I Rxebim‡ev‡ai hyMjew›`| evOvwji m‡½ Zuvi gvbm-eÜb ¯’vwcZ n‡q‡Q mvwnZ¨-m„wói †fZi w`‡q| evsjv fvlv‡K Avcb K‡i †bIqv wQj Zuvi AwfjwlZ welq| †h gyb&wkqvbvq wZwb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i Awfbe ˆkjx m„wóKvix mvwnwZ¨K n‡q I‡Vb, †mLv‡b Aa¨emv‡qi m‡½ Aek¨B hy³ n‡q hvq AšÍ‡ii B”Qv| ü`q-wbtm„Z fvjevmv bv _vK‡j m„wó‡Z KL‡bvB cÖwZwôZ nq bv cÖvY| evsjv fvlvi cÖwZ Mfxi fvjevmv I kÖ×vi Kvi‡YB wZwb evsjv fvlv‡K eiY K‡i †bb AšÍ‡ii fvlviƒ‡c| †mB fvjevmviB ewntcÖKvk N‡U‡Q Zuvi †jLKmËvq| wZwb n‡q D‡V‡Qb mvwnwZ¨K, ÔevOvwjÕ mvwnwZ¨K|

D‡jøLcwÄ

1. dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb, ÔWv‡qwii †Quov cvZvÕ, M`¨msMÖn, KjKvZv, Avb›` cvewjkvm©, 2012, c„ 293| 2. Z‡`e, c„ 296-97| 3. dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb, M`¨msMÖn, c„ 627| 4. dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb (m¤úv.), M`¨ci¤úiv, f‚wgKv, KjKvZv, MvOwPj, 2010| 5. dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb, AvU‡cŠ‡i w`bcwÄ, KjKvZv, Avb›` cvewjkvm©, 2013, c„ 74| 6. Z‡`e, c„ 9| 7. dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb, ÔWv‡qwii †Quov cvZvÕ, M`¨msMÖn, c„ 8| 8. wPb¥q ¸n, Avqbv fvO‡Z fvO‡Z, KjKvZv, MvOwPj, 2011, c„ 38| 9. dv`vi `¨wZ‡qb, M`¨msMÖn, c„ 632| r


Ôkv-RvnvbÕ Avi-GKevi mbrKzgvi mvnv

A

bygvb, mvaviY wePv‡i Ôkv-RvnvbÕ iex›`ªbv‡_i †miv KweZvi GKwU| AvRI Gi L¨vwZ Agwjb| evievi c‡oI cyi‡bv nq bv| evYxi MfxiZv I Mv¤¢xh© †Kv_vI-†Kv_vI cÖev`Zzj¨| gvayh© I e¨Äbv †PZbvi eûZ‡j GKm‡½ Nv †`q| mvov RvMvq| †XD‡qi ci †XD Zv‡`i ïiæ †_‡K †kl ch©šÍ mgvbZv‡j engvb| Avgiv Avweó n‡q cwo| mgvwß Zvi †ik †i‡L hvq| Kv‡ji avivq †g‡k| ÿq nq bv| K_v¸‡jv bZzb bq| A‡b‡K A‡bK RvqMvq bvbv cÖm‡½ e‡j‡Qb| cybive„wË Ab_©K| wKš‘ Kvj †Zv wb‡R †fvj cvjUvq| gvby‡li †`Lvi †PvLI e`‡j hvq| g‡bi ZvwM`I| †mBm‡½ e`‡j †h‡Z cv‡i KweZvi fveiƒcI| Kwei Afxó jÿ¨ †_‡K Zv m‡i †h‡Z cv‡i A‡bK `~i| hw`I cÖZ¨‡ÿ iƒc Zvi AwePj _v‡K| GLv‡b Kv‡iv wKQy Kivi _v‡K bv Ñ Avcb-Avcb `„wó‡KvY †_‡K IB KweZv‡K Abyf‡e aivi †Póv Kiv Qvov| †mLv‡b AvR Avevi Ôkv-RvnvbÕ c‡o Kv‡iv g‡bi cÖwZwµqv hv n‡e, Zv cÖ_g cÖKv‡ki ci GB KweZv cvVK-†PZbvq †h AwfNvZ m„wó K‡iwQj, Zvi m‡½ Lv‡c-Lv‡c wg‡j hv‡e, GgbwU ejv hvq bv| GgbwK Kwei `~iZg fvebv‡KI Zv j•Nb Ki‡Z cv‡i| A_ev n‡Z cv‡i, Kwe-†PZbvi Mfx‡i myß †_‡K Ggb wKQy IB m„wó‡Z †Mvcb cÖv‡Yi m¤¢vebv jywK‡q †i‡L‡Q, hv Kwei RvMÖZ g‡bi A‡MvP‡i †_‡K †M‡Q, A_ev wZwb wb‡RB †Kv‡bv Avov‡j Av¯’v †i‡L‡Qb, Kvj hvi mvR-evR me NywP‡q w`‡q‡Q| Zvic‡iI IB m„wói AvKl©Y †h AÿzYœ _vK‡Z cv‡i bv, Zv bq,

Z‡e IB AvKl©‡Yi AwfgyL I MwZc_ GKB _vK‡e, G-K_v ejvi ev wek¦vm Kivi †Kv‡bv wfwË Lyu‡R cvB bv| hw` GK _v‡K, Zvic‡iI †`Lvq wfbœZv Av‡m| ev¯Í‡ei cvÎ-cvÎx Avcbv †_‡K e`‡j hvq| G-K_v Aek¨ Kwe wb‡RI †e`bvi m‡½ Dcjwä K‡i‡Qb| G-KweZv‡ZI Zv fvebvi Drmgy‡L Zuvi cÖZ¨qf‚wg‡Z wg‡k wM‡q Zuv‡K m„wóKjvq PvwjZ K‡i‡Q| ZvB AvR Avevi Ôkv-RvnvbÕ wb‡q K_v ej‡j Zv †h bZzb †evZ‡j cyi‡bv g` n‡e, A_ev cyi‡bv †evZ‡jB cyi‡bv g`, G-Awf‡hvM Av‡M †_‡K †KD gv_vq †Mu‡_ ivL‡j, mweb‡q ewj, wePvi †evanq h_v_© n‡e bv| Aek¨ Avwg cov‡kvbv Lye †ewk Kwiwb| Avi †KD Av‡M †_‡K Avgvi K_v e‡j _vK‡Z cv‡ib, Avwg Rvwb bv, †Zgb n‡j Avcbv †_‡K G-†jLv LvwiR n‡q hv‡e| `yB KweZvi c¨viv‡d«R ev ¯ÍeK web¨v‡m avivevwnK mij M‡`¨ Zvi A_© AbymiY Zv‡K †evSvi GK cÖv_wgK cÖqvm| Aek¨B h‡_ó bq| Z‡e m¤¢vebvi Bw½Z nq‡Zv wKQy †g‡j| Gfv‡e Ôkv-Rvnv‡bÕ ci ci cvB ÿY¯’vqx ÔRxeb †hŠeb abgv‡biÕ K_v †R‡bI wcÖq cZœx ggZv‡Ri g„Zz¨i ci Zuvi ¯§„wZ BnRM‡Z Aÿq K‡i ivLvi evmbvq ÔGK we›`y bq‡bi Rj Kv‡ji K‡cvjZ‡j ïåmgy¾¡j ... ZvRgnjÕ wbg©v‡Y mgªv‡Ui mdj `yivKv•ÿv, wKš‘ `yivKv•ÿvi KZ©vi gZ©¨Rxe‡b ÿY¯’vwqZ¡ : Ô†Zvgvi mÂq, w`bv‡šÍ wbkv‡šÍ ïay c_cÖv‡šÍ †d‡j †h‡Z nq| bvB bvB bvB †h mgq|Õ Zv‡K

11


AwZµg Ki‡ZB †hb ÔAkvšÍ µ›`‡b wPi‡gŠbRvj w`‡q †eu‡a w`‡j KwVb e܇b|... †mŠ›`‡h©i cy®úcy‡Ä cÖkvšÍ cvlv‡Y|Õ GB †mŠ›`h©`~Z †hb hyM-hyM a‡i Kv‡ji cÖniv Gwo‡q evK¨nviv GB evZ©vB ïay ïwb‡q P‡j‡Q, Ôfzwj bvB, fzwj bvB, fzwj bvB wcÖqv|Õ GLv‡b Kwe GK wecixZ ¯^i †hvM K‡i‡Qb| cÖkœ Zz‡j‡Qb, kv-Rvnvb wb‡RI hLb P‡j hvb Ges GB P‡j hvIqv Awbevh©; KviY, ÔRxe‡b‡i †K ivwL‡Z cv‡i! AvKv‡ki cÖwZ Zviv WvwK‡Q Zvnv‡i| Zvi wbgš¿Y †jv‡K †jv‡K be be c~e©vP‡j Av‡jv‡K Av‡jv‡K| ¯§i‡Yi MÖwš’ Uz‡U †m †h hvq Qy‡U wek¦c‡_ eÜbwenxb|Õ me †k‡l ¯^qs ZvRgnj †hb Zvi nvnvKvi †kvbvq Ñ ÔhZ`~i PvB bvB bvB †m cw_K bvB|... ZvB ¯§„wZfv‡i Avwg c‡o AvwQ fvigy³ †m GLv‡b bvB|Õ GB bv _vKv c~Y©Zvi c‡_ AwfhvÎv| Zv‡ZB kv-Rvnv‡bi gwngv| Avgvi g‡b nq, G‡Z Zzjbvq wKš‘ ZvRgnj wKQyUv gøvb nq| †m hw` kv-Rvnv‡bi AvKzwZi cÖwZwbwa nq, Avi Kvj‡K civ¯Í K‡i Rvwb‡q P‡j, Ôfzwj bvB, fzwj bvB, fzwj bvB wcÖqvÕ, Z‡e GB evYxi e܇b kv-RvnvbI AvU‡K c‡o| hw` Zv bv nq, Z‡e ZvRgnj ïay GK ¯§viKwPý gvÎ _v‡K| Gi †ewk wKQy bq| Zvi Av‡e`b †h hyM-hyM a‡i gvby‡li Av‡eM‡K Av‡›`vwjZ K‡i P‡j‡Q, Zv gh©v`v nvivq| ¯§viK wn‡m‡e Zvi mv_©KZv KweZvq D™¢vwmZ nIqvi my‡hvM _vK‡jI Kwe wKš‘ Zv Gwo‡q †M‡Qb| cÖm½wU AvcvZZ gyjZwe ivwL| c‡i my‡hvM †c‡j †f‡e †`Lv hv‡e| mÂwqZv huviv m¤úv`bv K‡i‡Qb, Zuviv iex›`ªbv_‡K mvÿx †g‡bB GB KweZvi fvev`k© I cwiYwZi GK msMZ e¨vL¨v nvwRi K‡i‡Qb| cwiwk‡ó ÔMÖšc ’ wiPqÕ As‡k GB KweZvi wb‡`©k m~Î wn‡m‡e Zuviv Rvbv‡”Qb, Ôiex›`ªbv‡_i GB fve I wPšÍvaviv KZ my`i~ cÖmvix Zvnvi wb`k©b-¯^iƒc 1292 mv‡ji evjK cÎ (c„ 427-30) nB‡Z Kwei GKwU iPbvi wKq`sk msKwjZ nBj|Õ Ñ RM‡Zi g‡a¨ Avgv‡`i Ggb ÔGKÕ bvB hvnv Avgv‡`i wPiw`‡bi Aej¤^bxq| cÖK…wZ µgvMZB Avgvw`M‡K ÔGKÕ nB‡Z GKvšÍ‡i jBqv hvB‡Z‡Q Ñ GK Kvwoqv Avi-GK w`‡Z‡Q| Avgv‡`i ˆkk‡ei ÔGKÕ †hŠe‡bi ÔGKÕ b‡n, †hŠe‡bi ÔGKÕ eva©‡K¨i ÔGKÕ b‡n, BnR‡b¥i ÔGKÕ ciR‡b¥i ÔGKÕ b‡n| GBiƒc kZmnmª G‡Ki ga¨ w`qv cÖK…wZ Avgv‡`i †mB GK gnr ÔG‡KiÕ w`‡K jBqv hvB‡Z‡Q| †mB w`‡KB Avgvw`M‡K AMÖmi nB‡Z nB‡e, c‡_i g‡a¨ e× nBqv _vwK‡Z Avwm bvB... Avwg ˆeivM¨ wkLvB‡ZwQ| AbyivM eÜ Kwiqv bv ivwL‡j Zvnv‡KB ˆeivM¨ e‡j, A_©vr e„nr AbyivM‡KB ˆeivM¨ e‡j|... †cÖg Rvýexi b¨vq cÖevwnZ nBevi Rb¨ nBqv‡Q| Zvnvi cÖengvb †mªv‡Zi Dc‡i mxj-†gvn‡ii Qvc gvwiqv ÔAvgviÕ ewjqv †Kn awiqv ivwL‡Z cv‡i bv| †m Rb¥ nB‡Z Rb¥všÍ‡i cÖevwnZ nB‡e|... we¯§„wZi ga¨ w`qv ˆewPΨ I ˆewP‡Î¨i ga¨ w`qv Amxg G‡Ki w`‡K µgvMZ avegvb nB‡Z nB‡e, Ab¨ c_ †`wL bv| Zuviv iex›`ªbv‡_i wewPÎ cÖeÜMÖ‡š’ Ôiæ×M„nÕ I Ôc_cÖv‡šÍÕ cÖeÜ `y‡Uv †`L‡Z e‡j‡Qb| Avgvi webxZ wb‡e`b, GB KuvPv `vk©wbKZvi Ici wbf©i bv K‡iI Ôkv-RvnvbÕ cov hvq Ges Zv‡Z †Kv‡bv NvUwZ _v‡K bv| eis AZ…wß I Ac~Y©Zvi †eva KweZv‡K gwngvwš^Z K‡i| iex›`ªbv_ wb‡RI mvivRxeb GB bxwZ †g‡b KweZv †j‡Lbwb| Ab¨ m„wókxj wkíKg©I GB g~j¨gv‡b evav w`‡q iv‡Lbwb| Ôkv-RvnvbÕ KweZv covi mgq mevB †Lqvj Kwi wK bv Rvwb

12

bv, 1321 e½v‡ãi KvwZ©K gv‡m GMv‡iv w`‡bi e¨eav‡b Ñ †Zmiv KvwZ©K I †PvÏB KvwZ©K Ñ GKB RvqMv Gjvnvev‡` e‡m wZwb `y‡Uv KweZv †j‡Lb| cÖ_gwU ÔQweÕ; c‡iiwU Ôkv-RvnvbÕ| fve-gvb‡m `y‡Uvq †hb GKB f‚wgi Bw½Z| cÖ_ gwU GK bvixi Qwe nVvr †`Lvq Zuvi g‡b †h †XD Rv‡M, ZviB Mfxi gg©¯úkx© wKš‘ wkwíZ mZ¨wkó cÖwZwµqv| GB bvix wQ‡jb ev‡j¨, cÖ_g †hŠe‡b Zuvi †cÖiYvi Drm, †Ljvi mvw_, wKš‘ w`e¨ cÖwZgv| Rxe‡bi †kl cÖv‡šÍ G‡mI wZwb e‡j‡Qb, ÔZuvi gyL, Zuvi Pvnwb Avwg fzj‡Z cvwi bv| †Kvb bvix-gyL AuvK‡Z †M‡j Avcwb Zviv Zzwji WMvq P‡j Av‡m|Õ AvKvk cÖ`x‡c, 1345 e½v‡ãI Zuv‡K wb‡q †j‡Lb Agi cO&w³gvjv Ôea~Õ, Ôk¨vgvÕ, ÔKuvPv AvgÕ| GZUzKz evwb‡q ejv g‡b nq bv; wZjgvÎ gvwjb¨I aiv c‡o bv| GB bvix wKš‘, Kvi Ici Awfgv‡b †K Rv‡b, Aí eq‡m AvZ¥NvZx n‡q‡Qb| Zvi Av‡Mi NUbvcÖevnB Kwei g‡b Pjw”P‡Î Muv_v n‡q Av‡Q| hw`I GUv wVK, wZwb †mLv‡bB †_‡g _v‡Kb bv| Zuvi †PZbvq IB bvix †hb bxi‡e A½ywj Zz‡j †`Lvb, Av‡iv Av‡Q Zuvi †cQ‡b mgMÖ wek¦PivPi| Kvi PiYaŸwb †hb †mLv‡b ev‡R| Kwe‡K Db¥yL K‡i| Zvn‡j Ôkv-RvnvbÕ KweZvq Ôbe be c~e©vP‡j Av‡jv‡K Av‡jv‡KÕ Qy‡U Pjv‡ZB †h Rxe‡bi c~Y©Zvi w`‡K Awfhvb G-K_v GKK Mwigvq †Rvi w`‡q ejv hvq bv|

Ôkv-RvnvbÕ KweZv covi mgq mevB †Lqvj Kwi wK bv Rvwb bv, 1321 e½v‡ãi KvwZ©K gv‡m GMv‡iv w`‡bi e¨eav‡b Ñ †Zmiv KvwZ©K I †PŠÏB KvwZ©K Ñ GKB RvqMv Gjvnvev‡` e‡m wZwb `y‡Uv KweZv †j‡Lb| cÖ_gwU ÔQweÕ; c‡iiwU Ôkv-RvnvbÕ| fve-gvb‡m `y‡Uvq †hb GKB f‚wgi Bw½Z| Z‡e ïay GUzKz ejvi R‡b¨ ÔQweÕ KweZv †U‡b Avbv bq| Ôkv-Rvnv‡bÕ †`‡LwQ ZvRgnj‡K AwZµg K‡i ¯§i‡Yi MÖwš’ Uz‡U wek¦c‡_ eÜbwenxb GwM‡q hvIqv‡ZB, †hb IB mgªv‡Ui mv_©KZvi w`‡K hvÎv| Avi Zuvi AkvšÍ µ›`b wPi‡gŠbRvj w`‡q KwVb e܇b euvav ZvRgnj GKB RvqMvq w¯’i| Kv‡ji ¯^vÿi, Avevi IB ¯^vÿ‡iB wPiKvj euvav| ÔQweÕ‡Z cvi¯úwiK f‚wgKv †hb Dj‡U hvq| Qwe‡ZB N‡U wPiKv‡ji cÖwZdjb, wek¦cÖK…wZi mg¯ÍUvq Zvi Aeva we¯Ívi| KweB Kv‡ji mxgvq euvav| wek¦PivP‡i Qwei gyw³ Zuv‡K †cÖiYv †RvMvq| Kv‡Q-`~‡i, R‡j-¯’‡j-AšÍix‡ÿ wZwb IB Qwei bvixi cÖwZdjb †`‡Lb| Gfv‡e wZwbI gyw³i ¯^v` cvb| QweB KZ©v; Kwe ¯^qs Avcb m„wó‡Z Zvi †`Lv‡bv c‡_ P‡jb| Avgiv cwo : Zzwg Qwe! b‡n b‡n, bI ïay Qwe| †K e‡j, i‡qQ w¯’i †iLvi e܇b wb¯Íä µ›`‡b| gwi gwi, †m Avb›` †_‡g †hZ hw` GB b`x nvivZ Zi½‡eM, GB †gN eywSqv †dwjZ Zvi †mvbvi wjLb|...


Avi, GB AskUzKzZ n‡q †M‡Q wPiKv‡ji me©Rbxb evYx Ñ bqbm¤§y‡L Zzwg bvB, bq‡bi gvSLv‡b wb‡qQ †h VuvB; AvwR ZvB k¨vg‡j k¨vgj Zzwg, bxwjgvq bxj| Avgvi wbwLj †Zvgv‡Z †c‡q‡Q Zvi AšÍ‡ii wgj| bvwn Rvwb, †Kn bvwn Rv‡b Ze myi ev‡R †gvi Mv‡b; Kwei AšÍ‡i Zzwg Kwe Ñ bI Qwe, bI Qwe, bI ïay Qwe| Avm‡j GKB cÖviw¤¢K we›`y †_‡K KweZv `y‡Uv wecÖZxc fvebvwPÎ Auv‡K, hw`I P‚ovšÍ wm×v‡šÍ Øvw›ØKZv _v‡K bv| †evSv hvq, ˆPZ‡b¨i GKB f‚wg‡Z G‡`i dz‡U IVv, hw`I kãmgv‡iv‡n I Zi½f‡½ Ôkv-RvnvbÕ ivRwmK I `~ivwfmvix, †hLv‡b ÔQweÕ N‡ivqv I e¨w³MZ| Z‡e KweZvi mv_©KZv `y‡Uv‡ZB wkLi¯úkx©| Avgvi `ye©jZv Aek¨ ÔQweÕ‡K AMÖvwaKvi †`q| KxU&‡mi Ode on a Grecian Urn I kv-Rvnvb, GB KweZv `y‡Uv Avgvi g‡b n‡q‡Q GKB †Mv‡Îi, hw`I G‡`i `„wóc_ wfbœ| cÖvPxb wMÖKcvÎ, f¯§vavi wn‡m‡e hvi Pj, KxU&‡mi Abyf‡e mvov RvMvq| mvov RvMvq Zvi Mv-Ry‡o †h AjsKiY, †h wPÎgvjvi mgv‡ek, AkÖæZ ivwMYx‡Z I ¯^cœKíbvq Zv‡`i mRxeZv, mwµqZv I †mŠ›`‡h©i Ôwecyj my`~i wecyjÕ gwngv, Gme w`‡q| GB Abyfe‡K KxU&m Agi K‡i †i‡L‡Qb Zuvi Kv‡jvËxY© KweZvwU‡Z| Ges GB myev‡` w`‡q‡Qb Ñ A_ev Lyu‡R †c‡q‡Qb Ñ wk‡íi Agi‡Z¡i mÜvb| cÖvPxb wMÖK f¯§vav‡i AuvKv †hb AZx‡ZvrmvwiZ mZ¨ I my›`‡ii wPiKv‡ji Qwe, hv wk‡íi GKgvÎ Awš^ó| g‡š¿i gZ wZwb D”PviY K‡ib, ÔHeard melodies are sweet, but those unheard are sweeterÕ; Avi wMÖKcv‡Îi Mv‡q †h cvBc we¯§„Z hy‡Mi †`eZvi D‡Ï‡k †e‡R P‡j, Zv †hb wb¯ÍäZvi Kv‡b-Kv‡b GKBfv‡e myi †Zv‡j| Zvi †kl †bB| cv‡kB †`‡Lb : Fair youth, beneath the trees, thou canst not leave The song, nor ever can-those trees be bare; Bold lover, never, never canst thou kiss, Thought winning near the goal Ñ yet, do not grieve; She cannot fade, though thou hast not thy bliss For ever wilt thou love, and she be fair! GKB iKg cv_‡i AuvKv Ôgvj‡Âi PÂj AÂjÕ fiv Ôem‡šÍi gvaexgÄwiÕ, cwiZ…ß bexb fvjevmv, gvby‡li n‡iK evmbv, hÁ‡ew`, kn‡ii wbR©b c_, ebf‚wg, PviYf‚wgI, Ñ w¯’iwP‡Î meB cÖvYgq, me wPiKv‡ji| Ges my›`i! Kwe mgvwß Uv‡bb Zuvi ARi Aÿq evYx w`‡q : ÔBeauty is truth, truth beauty, Ñ that is all/ Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know.Õ Ô_vwgj Kv‡ji wPiPÂj MwZÕ bq, wPiPÂj MwZi gyn~‡Z©i c~Y©Zv| †h-†Kv‡bv wk‡í cÖv‡Yk¦ix cÖwZgv| ZvRgnj wb‡q iex›`ªbv‡_i fvebv wKš‘ G‡K Qyu‡q wfbœgyLx

nq| wZwb Kíbv K‡ib, kv-Rvnv‡bi Ôkw¼Z ü`q †P‡qwQj Kwiev‡i mg‡qi ü`qniY †mŠ›`‡h© fzjv‡q|Õ ZviB cwiYvg ZvRgnj, hv‡Z dz‡U DVj Ô†cÖ‡gi KiæY †KvgjZv... †mŠ›`‡h©i cy®úcy‡Ä cÖkvšÍ cvlv‡Y|Õ Zv‡Z wg‡k Av‡Q weiwnYx wcÖqv ggZvR ÔcÖfv‡Zi AiæY Avfv‡m, K¬všÍmܨv w`M‡šÍi KiæY wbtk¦v‡m, c~wY©gvq †`nnxb Pv‡gjxi jveY¨wejv‡m, fvlvi AZxZ Zx‡i KvOvj bqb †h_v Øvi n‡Z Av‡m wd‡i wd‡i|Õ KxU&m‡K Qvwo‡q Av‡iv GKavc GwM‡q wZwb wk‡íi my›`i‡K Kíbv Ki‡jb, Ôiƒcnxb gi‡Yi g„Zz¨nxb Aciƒc mv‡R|Õ Zv Ô¯§i‡Yi Avei‡Y gi‡Y‡i h‡Zœ iv‡L XvwK|Õ GLv‡b Ab‡cÖÿfv‡e bv›`wbKZvi GK †gŠjf‚wgi †hb Bw½Z cvB| wkí, Zv †m RxebNwbô, ev Rxebwi³ hvB †nvK bv †Kb, `uvovq wKš‘ k~b¨Zvi Ic‡iB| wkíxi fvem¤ú`, hv‡Z Zuvi ˆPZ‡b¨i mg¯Í `yqvi †Lvjv, Zuvi hyw³wmw×i A_ev ˆbivwR¨K wbi_©KZvi Av‡e‡MiI, ZviB cwiKwíZ mgš^q, A_ev mgš^qnxbZv w`‡q IB k~b¨Zv‡K (GLv‡b co–b ÔgiYÕ‡K) wZwb fivU Kivi Zcm¨vq e‡mb| cÖwZfv hw` cÖZ¨vwkZ ev cÖZ¨vkvi AwZwi³ mvhyR¨ NUvq, Z‡e Zv wkí nq| KxU&‡mi mZ¨ I my›`‡ii Aej¤^b hv, †mB wMÖKcvÎI k~b¨ †_‡K M‡o IVv| Zuvi KweZvwUI Zuvi ˆPZ‡b¨i dmj| Aej¤^b hv-B †nvK, RvMiY Zvi k~b¨‡ZB| wKš‘ GLvb †_‡KB iex›`ªbv‡_i wPšÍv wfbœgyLx nj| wk‡íi †P‡q wkíx eo, G Zuvi mvaviY e³e¨ bq| kv-Rvnvb †h Zuvi KxwZ©i †P‡q gnr, Zv GB Kvi‡Y †h, Avcb m„wó‡K †cQ‡b †d‡j wZwb ÔARvwb‡Zi †mªv‡ZÕ wfbœ‡jv‡K hvÎv K‡i‡Qb| GUv wKš‘ kv-Rvnv‡bi AwR©Z †Kv‡bv cyY¨dj bq| we‡kl †Kv‡bv cÖwZfvi cÖKvkI GUv bq| RxeRM‡Z meB giYkxj| kv-Rvnvb †Kv‡bv e¨wZµg bb| Zuvi g„Z~ËxY© AbšÍ hvÎvq (†mUv Kx, †Kgb, †Kv_vq, Zv †KD Rv‡b bv) †Kv‡bv evnv`ywi †bB| GLv‡b †Rvi w`‡q ivRwmK GB KweZv †kl ch©šÍ wK Z‡e fvimvg¨ nvivj? ÔQweÕ KweZvwU‡Z wKš‘ Ggb nq bv| Aek¨ †KD ej‡Z cv‡ib, Kwe mve©‡fŠg| Zuv‡K †g‡b wb‡qB cov DwPZ Zuvi KweZv| †Zgb n‡j Ôkv-RvnvbÕ-G KwecÖwZfvi wecyj ùziY I weij wmw× Avgv‡`i †PZbvq †h cÖejfv‡e AvQ‡o c‡o Zv‡K mcv‡U ekxf‚Z K‡i, G-K_v A¯^xKvi Kiv hvq bv| Z‡e KweZv wek¦cÖK…wZi weav‡b ¯^vwaKvicÖgË g~j¨ Av‡ivc Ki‡e bv, GUv Avkv KivI †evanq AmgxPxb bq| Ôkv-RvnvbÕ KweZvi Dcv`vb wKš‘ BwZnvm-AvwkÖZ| †mLv‡b BwZnv‡mi Kv‡Q `vq GKUv _v‡K eB wK! G cÖkœI AevšÍi bq, cZœx-¯§„wZ‡Z mgvwa‡mŠa wbg©vY kv-Rvnv‡bi wK e¨wZµgx KxwZ©? bvwK †gvMj Nivbvq IB mg‡q IUv wQj GK mvaviY e¨vcvi? Gfv‡e K_v †Zvjv Ôkv-RvnvbÕ KweZv covq AevšÍi| Z‡e †cÖÿvcU ¯úóZi n‡j Avgv‡`i Av‡e‡Mi mvq †gjvq ev bv-†gjvq Zv BÜb †RvMv‡Z cv‡i| Gw`‡K ZvB GKUz `„wó w`B| Aek¨ ÔGKUzÕB| GLv‡b BwZnvmPP©v Avgvi KvR bq| KweZvi `uvov‡bvi RvqMvUv ïay †evSvi †Póv Kiv| KweZv cov I Zv Dc‡fv‡Mi m‡½ Gi †Kv‡bv m¤úK© †bB|

wZb

ZvRgnj wbtm‡›`‡n GK AZzjbxq KxwZ©| eRªmyKwVb †gvMj ivRkw³ mwZ¨-mwZ¨B Ômܨvi³ivMmg Z›`ªvZ‡jÕ jxb n‡q †M‡Q| wKš‘ ZvRgn‡ji ¯’vcZ¨-†mŠ›`h© GL‡bv gvbyl‡K Awff‚Z K‡i| †cQ‡bi †cÖgK_v †`k-we‡`‡ki AMwYZ åvg¨gvY

13


`k©K‡K hyM-hyM a‡i cÖwZw`b Gi w`‡K Uv‡b| wKš‘ G ïayB ÔKv‡ji K‡cvjZ‡j ïåmgy¾¡jÕ ÔGK we›`y bq‡bi RjÕ bq| Ônxivgy³vgvwY‡K¨i QUvÕI Gi †kvfv‡K h_vh_ mvgÄm¨ eRvq †i‡L evwo‡q †`q| KZUzKz Zvi Ae‡kl Av‡Q Rvwb bv| wKš‘ mgvwa‡mŠ‡ai †MŠie evov‡Z Zv‡`i e¨env‡i †Kv‡bv Kvc©Y¨ wQj bv| ivR‡Kv‡li DØ„Ë mÂq Kv‡R jv‡M| mgªv‡Ui gwngv D¾¡jZi nq| hw`I wfbœ cÖm‡½ ejv, Zey ew¼‡gi GB K_v¸‡jv †U‡b Avwb : Ô... Avgiv †gvM‡ji AwaK m¤ú` †`wLqv gy» nBqv †gvM‡ji Rq MvBqv _vwK, wKš‘ †gvMjB Avgv‡`i kÎæ, cvVvb Avgv‡`i wgÎ|... †hw`b nB‡Z w`wjøi †gvM‡ji mvgªv‡R¨ fz³ nBqv ev½vjv `yie¯’vcÖvß nBj †mB w`b nB‡Z ev½vjvi ab Avi ev½vjvq iwnj bv, w`jøxi ev AvMÖvi e¨q wbe©vnv_© †cÖwiZ nB‡Z jvwMj| hLb Avgiv AvMÖvi ZvRgn‡ji Avðh©¨ igYxqZv †`wLqv Avn¬v`mvM‡i fvwm, ZLb wK †Kvb ev½vjxi g‡b nq †h, †h mKj iv‡R¨i i³‡kvlY Kwiqv GB iZœ-gw›`i wbw¤§©Z nBqv‡Q, ev½vjv Zvnvi AMÖMY¨? Z³ZvD‡mi K_v cwoqv hLb †gvM‡ji cÖksmv Kwi, ZLb wK g‡b nq, ev½vjvi KZ ab Zvnv‡Z jvwMqv‡Q?...Õ (Ôev½vjvi BwZnvmÕ wewea cÖeÜ, wØZxq LÐ, 1892) ew¼‡gi Awf‡hvM GK‡c‡k g‡b n‡Z cv‡i (Avgv‡`i ¯^vaxbZv-msMÖvgI wK Z‡e GK‡c‡k?) wKš‘ hv A¯^xKvi Kiv hvq bv, Zv nj ZvRgnj wbg©v‡Y D`vin‡¯Í †KvlvMv‡ii e¨envi| GgbwU bv n‡j ïay mgªv‡Ui AvKv•ÿv c~i‡Y ZvRgnj ev¯Íe iƒc †cZ bv| Ges mgªv‡Ui AvKv•ÿv KZUv AvZ¥Zzwói Avi KZUv mZ¨ †cÖ‡gi, G-cÖkœI DV‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e h_v_© DËi cvIqv gykwKjB| Avi GKUv welq GLv‡b †f‡e †`Lvi Zz‡K©v-cviwmK-†gvMj Bmjvwg HwZ‡n¨ gvbe AvKvi ewR©Z `yM© ev ¯§viK wbg©vY ÿgZvi I AvwfRv‡Z¨i cÖZxK| Zvi Pj wQj Av‡M †_‡KB| ·qv`k kZ‡Ki †Mvovq w`wjøi myjZvb BjZzZ&wgk (1211-1235) m¤úbœ K‡ib Zuvi c~e©m~wi I `vm-ivR Aa¨v‡qi cÖ_g cyiæl KzZze&DwÏb AvB‡e‡Ki (1206-1211) bv‡g weL¨vZ KzZze wgbvi| AvRI Zvi Mwigv AUzU| AvKe‡ii Avg‡j (1556-1605) d‡Zcyi wmwµ‡Z `i‡ek †kL †mwjg wPw¯Íi ¯§i‡Y Mov n‡qwQj GK †k¦Zcv_‡ii mgvwafeb| Z‡e Zv wQj wbivfiY| kv-RvnvbB (1627-1658) ¯’vcZ¨Kjvq bZzb gvÎv †hvM Kiv‡Z Drmvn †`Lv‡jb| ïay ZvRgnj bq, cÖwZwU D‡jøL‡hvM¨ †gvMj-kvwmZ A‡j wZwb e¨qeûj, `„wób›`b, mvjsKiv †mŠa wbg©v‡Y D‡`¨vMx nIqvi KxwZ© iPbv Ki‡jb| ZvRgn‡jB wZwb GKwbô wQ‡jb, G-K_v ejv hv‡e bv| c‡i AvIi½‡Re (1658-1707), whwb †Muvov mywbœ †gŠjev`x bxwZ cÖ‡qv‡Mi Rb¨ wewkó, wZwbI Zuvi me‡P‡q wcÖq cZœx iv‡eqv `yiivbxi Ke‡ii Ici `„wób›`b mgvwa‡mŠa wbg©v‡Yi ûKzg †`b| wKš‘ Aweivg hy×weMÖ‡n ivR‡Kv‡l µgvMZ Uvb covq Zv †Kv‡bviK‡g Ava‡LuPovfv‡e †kl nq| †`qv‡ji wKQyUv gvÎ †k¦Zcv_‡ii, evwKUv †e‡jcv_‡ii| wgbvi¸‡jv mvaviY BU w`‡q Muv_v| Zv‡`i Ici PzbKvg Kiv| GKUv welq †Lqvj Kwi| ggZvR †eMg ¯^ívqy wQ‡jb| hÏ~i g‡b c‡o, Zuvi Rxebvemvb 1630-G| Zvici Av‡iv AvUvk eQi kv-Rvnvb †eu‡PwQ‡jb| ggZv‡Ri g„Zz¨‡Z †gvMj †n‡i‡gi †Pnviv e`‡j hvqwb| kv-Rvnv‡bi †n‡ig-AvKl©‡YI †Kv‡bv e¨wZµg Av‡mwb| Av‡M-c‡i †gvMj mvgªv‡R¨i DËivwaKvi wba©viY P‡j‡Q GKB ixwZ‡Z| Aek¨ evei, ûgvqyb I AvKe‡ii

14

†ejvq cwiw¯’wZ wQj wfbœ| we‡`ªvn Kivq Rvnv½xi eo †Q‡j Lym‡iv‡K AÜ K‡i †`b| AwZwi³ gv`Kvmw³ Rvnv½xi‡K cÖavb gwnlx b~iRvnv‡bi nv‡Zi cyZz‡j cwiYZ K‡i| b~iRvnvb Rvnv½x‡ii Ab¨ †Q‡j kvnwiqv‡ii c‡ÿ NyuwU Pvjv‡”Qb, GUv †R‡b Lyiig, whwb ZLb kv-Rvnvb †LZv‡e f‚wlZ, ¸Riv‡Ui kvmbKZ©vi c‡` †_‡K cÖKvÐ GK †mbvevwnbx M‡o w`wjø `L‡j AMÖmi nb| hy‡× †n‡i wZwb cÖ_‡g `vwÿYv‡Z¨i †Mvj‡KvÐvq I c‡i †mLvb †_‡K †Mvc‡b evsjvq cvwj‡q G‡m Avevi ˆmb¨-mvgšÍ †RvMvo K‡i w`wjøi c‡_ AMÖmi nb| Gev‡iI Zvi nvi nq; wKš‘ Rvnv½xi Zuv‡K eo †Kv‡bv mvRv bv w`‡q `vwÿYv‡Z¨i GK †Kv‡Y †QvU GK RvqwM‡ii fvi Zuvi Ici Pvwc‡q Zuv‡K `~‡i mwi‡q †`b| kv-Rvnvb †mLv‡b Zx‡_©i Kv‡Ki gZ A‡cÿvq _vK‡jb; 1627-G Rvnv½x‡ii g„Zz¨msev` †c‡q GK gyn~Z© †`wi bv K‡i w`wjø G‡m Mw` `Lj Ki‡jb Ges Kv‡Q-`~‡i †h-†KD `vwe`vi g‡b n‡j mevB‡K KZj Kivi e¨e¯’v Ki‡jb| Zvici AvIi½‡Re Kxfv‡e me m‡nv`i‡K wbwðý Ki‡jb Ges cy‡Îi nv‡Z kv-Rvnv‡bi †kl w`b¸‡jv ew›``kvq †Kgb †K‡UwQj, G †Zv mevi Rvbv| Avm‡j ZzK©-†gvMj Rxebavivq GB iKgB N‡U G‡m‡Q eivei| †gvsMj exi †Pw½m Lvb (g„ 1227; Gi eskaiiv c‡i Bmjvg ag©vej¤^x nb) ev ZzwK© m`©vi ˆZgyi js (1340-1404; Bwb wb‡R‡K †Pw½m Lv‡bi DËim~wi e‡j `vwe K‡ib)-Gi Abymvix‡`i †ejvq GgbwU A¯^vfvweKI bq| wkí I wkíxi m¤^Ü wbiƒc‡Y ¸iæZ¡ †Kv_vq †`e, G-wb‡qI GKUv cÖkœ DV‡Z cv‡i| cÖvq mgmvgwqK Kvjc‡e© †qv‡iv‡c N‡U P‡j BZvjxq †i‡bmuvm (Kwe `v‡šÍi cÖavb KvR †Pv‡Ïv kZ‡K, c‡b‡iv I †lv‡jv kZ‡Ki †fZ‡i gnvb wPÎKi I fv¯‹i‡`i Avwef©ve, †hgb, wjIbv‡`©v `¨ wfwÂ, ewZ‡Pwjø, ivdv‡qj, wZkvb, wg‡Ljv‡Ä‡jv)| wk‡íi cwiPq huviv eivZ w`‡q‡Qb, †hgb wecyj abm¤úwËi gvwjK †gw`wP cwievi, ev c„ô‡cvlK wMR©v cÖkvmb, Gu‡`i Kv‡iv bv‡g bq, Zv huviv Kíbv I Kg©cÖwZfvq IB m„wó¸‡jv Agi K‡i †i‡L †M‡Qb, Zuv‡`i bv‡g| ZvRgn‡ji †ejvq Avgiv wKš‘ Rvb‡Z cvwi bv, †Kvb `ÿ ¯’cwZi fvebvq I wbcyY KviæKv‡R Zuvi IB A‡jvKmvgvb¨ iƒc| Zvi R¨vwgwZK mylgv, †iLvi †kvfbZv, cÖK…wZi Av‡jv-Qvqvi m‡½ mvgÄm¨ weavb I wkwíZ AjsKiY, G meB Zzjbvnxb| wKš‘ Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi bv, †K ev Kviv Gi iƒcKvi| †kvbv hvq cvim¨, ga¨Gwkqv, GgbwK w`wjø-AvMÖvi ev¯‘wkíxivI GB KxwZ©i m‡½ hy³ wQ‡jb| GUv nq‡Zv wKse`wšÍi †LvivK †RvMvq, nq‡Zv kv-Rvnvb ¯^qs Ô†Zvgvi KxwZ©i †P‡q Zzwg †h gnrÕ Ñ GB m¤§v‡b f‚wlZ nb, wKš‘ cÖK…Z KjvK…wZ huvi ev huv‡`i Zuviv wPiKvj Avov‡j †_‡K hvb| cÖkœUv ïay ZvRgnj wb‡q bq, Dcgnv‡`‡ki HwZn¨B Ggb| ARšÍv-B‡jviv, †KvbviK-LvRyiv‡nv, mvibv_, cyix, Gme RvqMvi cÖvPxb wb`k©b¸‡jvI †Kv‡bv wkíxi cwiPq †i‡L hvq bv| Avgiv †Kej wk‡íi mvg‡b we¯§‡q bZRvby nB| GKB iKg N‡U †gvMj, ivRcyZ ev gayebx wPÎKjvi †ejv‡ZI| †i‡bmuvm wPÎKjv †_‡K Zviv Aek¨B wfbœ, wKš‘ we›`ygvÎ b~¨b bq| inm¨gqZv eis Av‡iv †ewk| Avgiv hw`I Zv‡`i Agi‡Z¡i `vwe wb‡q D`vmxb| GB K_v¸‡jv e‡j Ôkv-RvnvbÕ KweZvi Hk¦h© wKš‘ we›`ygvÎ Lv‡Uv KiwQ bv| Zvi AvwObvq †m Abb¨, GUv ¯^xKvi K‡i hve memgq| r


Avw`evmx Rxeb‡Kw›`ªK Dcb¨v‡m Kwei e„ËvšÍ e`iæb bvnvi

ev

sjv mvwn‡Z¨ gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex‡K e¨wZµgx †jLK wn‡m‡e wPwýZ Kiv n‡q _v‡K, †h †ÿÎwUi Rb¨ Zuv‡K G-AvL¨v †`Iqv n‡q _v‡K, Zv n‡jv Zuvi Avw`evmx Rxeb‡Kw›`ªK Dcb¨vm iPbv| cÂv‡ki `k‡K wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡ib wZwb| lv‡Ui `k‡Ki gvSvgvwS Ges cieZx© `kK¸‡jv‡Z cÖvwšÍKRb-AvwkÖZ Dcb¨vm iPbvq e¨vß †_‡K‡Qb gnv‡k¦Zv| m¤¢eZ me©vwaK Avw`evmx Rxeb‡Kw›`ªK Dcb¨vm wZwbB iPbv K‡i‡Qb| G-avivi me Dcb¨vmB †h mgvb ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡q D‡V‡Q Zv ejv hv‡e bv| Z‡e me Dcb¨v‡miB wKQy wewkóZv i‡q‡Q| me‡P‡q eo welq, evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ Zuvi g‡Zv K‡i cÖvwšÍK Rb‡Mvôxi Rxebe„Ë wb‡q mvwnZ¨ iPbvq gMœ Avi †KD _v‡Kbwb| wZwb GB g~j †mªv‡Zi evB‡ii Rxeb‡K Dcb¨v‡mi AvL¨v‡b wb‡q G‡m wb‡Ri mvwnZ¨ m„wó‡ZI cwieZ©b NwU‡q‡Qb| G-cÖm‡½ mywgZv PµeZx©i GKwU we‡kølY ¯§iY KiwQ Ñ evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ GB gyn~‡Z© hZRb mvwnwZ¨K Av‡Qb Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ mg‡ik emy P‡j hvevi ci, gnv‡k¦Zv m¤¢eZ †mB Jcb¨vwmK whwb evievi c‡e© c‡e© wb‡R‡K †f‡½ Avevi M‡o‡Qb| c_ Pj‡Z Pj‡Z wb‡R‡K e`‡j‡Qb, e`‡j‡Qb wb‡Ri wkíiƒc| †Kv‡bv evB‡ii Pv‡c bq, †Kv‡bv cÖwZôv‡bi Pv‡c bq, m¤ú~Y© wb‡Ri ü`‡qi Zv‡c wb‡Ri m‡PZb B”Qvq Ges mg¯Í m„wó cÖevnwUB †i‡L‡Qb AvZ¥wbqš¿‡Y|... wZwb wj‡L hvb D‡Ïk¨g~jKfv‡e,

`vq‡eva †_‡K, hZ cv‡ib Qwo‡q w`‡Z 1 Pvb Zuvi †jLv¸‡jv‡K| bZzb ¯^v‡`i Dcb¨vm wn‡m‡e cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ nq Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨| ejv hvq, GB Dcb¨v‡mi gva¨‡gB gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi AvL¨v‡bi †K›`ªxq Ae¯’v‡b P‡j Av‡m Avw`evmx Rbgvbyl| G-Dcb¨vm iPbvi †ÿ‡Î Zuvi BwZnv‡mi cÖwZ AvMÖ‡ni RvqMvUv †evSv hvq| we¯ÍvwiZ Av‡jvPbvq welqwU ¯úó n‡e| cieZx©Kv‡j wZwb Avw`evmx RbRxeb‡K †e‡Q wb‡qwQ‡jb, †m-Dcb¨vm¸‡jv cÖavbZ `ywU avivq cÖevwnZ n‡Z †`Lv hvq| cÖ_gZ, BwZnvm-AvwkÖZ ex‡ii wewbg©vY; wØZxqZ, ¯^vaxb fvi‡Zi ivóªh‡š¿i m‡½ mswkøó gvbylR‡bi Øviv Avw`evmx‡`i kvwmZ I ewÂZ nIqvi cwi‡cÖw¶Zm‡gZ Avw`evmx mgv‡Ri PvjwPÎ wbg©vY| `ywU avivi Dcb¨vm iPbvq †jLK †h-welqwU‡K ¸iæZ¡ w`‡q‡Qb Zv n‡jv †kÖwYmsMÖvg| DwjøwLZ `ywU avivi evB‡i Ab¨ GK Ae¯’vb †_‡K wbwg©Z Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vm| Z‡e †jLK gnv‡k¦Zvi g~j AbymÜv‡bi `ywU welqB G-Dcb¨v‡m eZ©gvb, Zv n‡jv, BwZnvm‡K AvkÖq K‡i †cÖ¶vcU wbg©vY Ges †kÖwYmsMÖvg| G-Dcb¨v‡m †kÖwYmsMÖvg G‡m‡Q BwZnv‡mi eY©vwkÖZ a‡g©i wefvRb‡K mvg‡b †i‡L| hLb a‡g©i †kÖwYweb¨v‡mi †K›`ªwU bvbv iKg cÖwZK‚j Ges wecixZ †mªv‡Zi av°vq †`v`yj¨gvb, agx©q eY©ev`xiv kw¼Z, †mB mgqwU‡Z ag©‡K e¨e‡”Q` K‡i ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q †kÖwY‰el‡g¨i msÁv_©| †mB iƒc eY©vkÖg ag©‡K AvkÖq K‡i ivp evsjvi †gw`bxf‚‡gi mgvRe¨e¯’v

15


M‡o D‡VwQj, Avi †mB mgv‡RB gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex `wjZ mgv‡Ri GK AiY¨ †Pvqvo hyeK‡K Kwe L¨vwZ‡Z ¯’vc‡b D‡`¨vMx n‡q I‡Vb Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨v‡m| G-AvL¨v‡b Kwei Rxeb I g„Zz¨‡K Abb¨ GK wk‡íi Rb¥ Avi g„Zz¨i Av‡jv‡K Dc¯’vcb †jL‡Ki wkíwbg©v‡Yi D”PgvMx©q `ÿZv| †mB wkwíZ Dc¯’vc‡b wZwb Zuvi Kwei KiæY cwiYwZ mf¨mgv‡Ri Kv‡Q Zz‡j Av‡bb| Dcb¨vm cv‡V †h-welq ¯úó n‡q I‡V Zv nj, †lvok kZ‡Ki Kve¨mvwn‡Z¨i welq, wek` eY©bv I fvlvi ˆewP‡Î¨ wew¯§Z I AbycÖvwYZ wQ‡jb gnv‡k¦Zv| †mB cÖvPxb wek¦v‡mi gy»Zv Avi ga¨hy‡Mi Kv‡e¨i eûgvwÎKZv‡K aviY K‡i Dcb¨v‡m wZwb Kwe‡K wewbg©vY K‡i‡Qb| Kwe gyKz›`iv‡gi K_v gv_vq †i‡LwQ‡jb, gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex wb‡RB e‡j‡Qb †h, †lvok kZ‡Ki ivp evsjvi BwZnvm Zuv‡K AvK…ó K‡iwQj| wZwb G-K_vI D‡jøL K‡ib, †gw`bxcy‡ii Aew¯’wZ Kwj½ mxgv‡šÍ nIqvi `iæb, ˆPZb¨ cÖfv‡e †mLvbKvi wbgœe‡M©i RvwZi g‡a¨ gvbyl wn‡m‡e wb‡R‡K Rvbvi I Rvbv‡bvi GKwU cÖqvm wbðq †`Lv w`‡qwQj| GB †PZbvi cÖgvY Kve¨, cvÂvwj, Mv_v, MxwZ, †cv‡Uv bv‡Pi †fZi w`‡q Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q‡Q| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨v‡mi f‚wgKvs‡k Zv D‡jøL¨| AZGe †`Lv hv‡”Q, †mB wecyj ˆewP‡Îi †fZi †_‡K gnv‡k¦Zv cÖ_g gvbyl nIqvi AwaKviKvw•ÿZ GK Kwei mÜvb w`‡Z †P‡q‡Qb cvVK‡K| ga¨hy‡Mi †h-cUf‚wg‡Z Dcb¨vmwU iwPZ n‡q‡Q, Zv GK wewkó mg‡qi| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i wewfbœ c‡e© cwiågY K‡i †jLK AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi K_v wj‡L‡Qb G-Dcb¨v‡m| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i Avw` AvL¨vbixwZ‡K m‡½ wb‡q BD‡ivcxq Dcb¨vm mvwnZ¨aviv‡K cvk KvwU‡q †jLK Dcb¨vmwU wj‡L‡Qb e‡jB Gi wewkóZv we‡klfv‡e †Pv‡L c‡o| gnv‡k¦Zvi me Avw`evmx Rxeb‡Kw›`ªK Dcb¨v‡mi g‡a¨ G-Dcb¨vm e¨wZµgx wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, †Kbbv G-Dcb¨v‡m ïay euvPvi Rb¨, ÿzavi Rb¨, AwaKvi Av`v‡qi msMÖvg bq| Rxe‡bi b~¨bZg Pvwn`v Avi Avw`evmx Aw¯Í¯Í¡ iÿvi Kvwnwb GUv bq, GLv‡b Rxe‡bi †P‡q wk‡íi `vg A‡bK †ewk| GLv‡b e¨w³mËvi AwaKvi, gvbyl nIqvi ¯^vaxbZvi welqwU A‡bK †ewk ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡q I‡V| gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Dcb¨vm Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨‡K Abyaveb Ki‡Z mvwn‡Z¨i hyMwe‡kølY‡K gv_vq ivL‡Z n‡e| mvwn‡Z¨i hyM wefvR‡b I ga¨hyM bvbv w`K †_‡K wewkó| G-cÖm‡½ myü`Kzgvi †fŠwg‡Ki Avw`evmx‡`i fvlv I evOjv MÖ‡š’i D×…wZ D‡jøL¨ Ñ mvwn‡Z¨i hyM-wefvR‡b ga¨hyM ch©šÍ evsjv mvwnZ¨ we‡kl Q‡›`ve܇b M‡o-IVv c`¨‡K wfwË K‡i weKwkZ n‡q‡Q| mvwnZ¨ †hgb Rxe‡bi cÖwZ”Qwe, †Zgwb Kve¨Q‡›`i wbg©vYI wbf©i K‡i gvby‡li ¯^vfvweK D”PviYfw½i Ici| Avi evsjv fvlvi D”PviYfw½ G‡m‡Q Aw÷ªK fvlv‡Mvôxi muvIZvj, gyÐv, †nv-†`i KvQ †_‡K| evOvwji D”PviY Ams¯‹…Z ZvB evsjv Q›` gyw³ †c‡q‡Q ms¯‹…Z Q›` bq muvIZvj Q‡›`i Nivbvq| Avi evOvwji D”PviY Ams¯‹…Z ZvB evOvwj fvecÖKvkfw½ ev evK¨ †hŠeb`xß m‡ZR nq ms¯‹…Z e¨vKi‡Yi wefw³ Kvi‡Ki †cvkvK c‡i bq, 2 muvIZvj e¨vKi‡Yi Lvwj cv‡q Pjvi Zv‡j| GB we‡køl‡Y evsjv-fvlv mvwn‡Z¨ Gme `wjZ †kÖwYi Ae¯’v‡bi ¯^xK…wZ †g‡j, hv nqZ Dcb¨vmwU iPbvi c~‡e©B †jL‡Ki gb‡b †Mu‡_wQj| Ab¨w`‡K gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Dcb¨vm m¤ú‡K© D‡jøL 3 K‡ib †h, ÔKv‡e¨i eqm M‡`¨i †P‡q A‡bK cÖvPxbÕ | wZwb GK_v

16

†j‡Lb Zv Kv‡e¨i eq‡mi †P‡qI A‡bK c‡i, †cv÷-K‡jvwbqvj mg‡q G‡m| ga¨hy‡Mi Kve¨vwkÖZ AvL¨vb‡K wfwË K‡i iwPZ Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU DËivaywbK ejv †h‡Z cv‡i, hv mveAjUvb© fveavivq Dc¯’vwcZ| hw`I †jLK Zuvi Kwe‡K AvaywbK e‡j‡Qb, welqwU D‡jøL¨ Ñ KweK¼Y m¤ú‡K© cÖ_g †KŠZ‚n‡ji m~Pbv iex›`ªbv_ m¤úvw`Z AvaywbK evsjv KweZvi m¼jb cv‡V ïiæ| ÔMÖ‡š’vrcwËi weeiYÕ Zv‡Z wQj| gyKz›`iv‡gi `vwgb¨v Z¨v‡Mi KviY †Zv bqv kvm‡Ki Ryjyg Rei`w¯Í| wKš‘ †`k †Q‡o Aviovq wM‡q wZwb euvKzov iv‡qi mfvq KweL¨vwZ cvb| GB Kwe n‡q IVvi KvwnbxB Avwg ÔKwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨Õ-‡Z wj‡LwQ| Avgvi Kwe AvaywbK| †Kbbv †m AiY¨Rxeb Z¨vM K‡iwQj| fxgv`j bMix‡Z KweL¨vwZ AR©b K‡iwQj| g„Zz¨i c‡i bq, RxebKv‡jB Zuvi Rb¥všÍi N‡UwQj| Avi Ôe›`¨NUx MvwTÕ A_ev e‡›`¨vcva¨vq c`weavix eªvþY wn‡m‡e †m B‡”Q K‡iB wg_¨v cwiPq †`q| †Kbbv AviY¨Pzqv‡oi we`¨vR©b †mw`‡bi mgvR ¶gv KiZ bv| †m mg‡q ˆPZ‡b¨i cÖej cÖfv‡e wbh©vwZZ RvwZ¸wj ˆeòe n‡q eªvþY¨kvm‡bi wb‡`©wkZ mxgv‡iLv gvb‡Q bv, G‡ZI ivRb¨Kzj Ges D”PeYx©qiv A¯^w¯Í‡Z wQ‡jb| Kwe Rb¥m~‡Î-jä Rxeb Z¨vM K‡i GK bZzb Rxeb AR©b Ki‡Z Pvb| cwiYv‡g `ywU RxebB Zuv‡K 4 Z¨vM K‡i| †jLK Zuvi Kwe‡K AvaywbK e‡j †h-e¨vL¨v Dc¯’vcb Ki‡jb, Zv wfbœfv‡e e¨vL¨vi `vwe iv‡L, †m-cÖm‡½ hvIqvi Av‡M AvaywbKZv welqUv ¯úó nIqv Riæwi| AvaywbKZv cÖm‡½ mywegj wgkÖ e‡jb Ñ ÔcÖK…Z AvaywbKZv wkí-m¤§Z fvlvq aŸsmmvab K‡i Ges wkí‡K Z_vKw_Z gvbweKZv †_‡K gy³ K‡i e‡j 5 Avgvi wek¦vm|Õ A_©vr GB AvaywbKZv e¨w³‡PZbvi D‡b¥l NUvq| AvaywbK gZev`UvB Avgv‡`i gv‡S G‡b‡Q BD‡ivc| evsjv Dcb¨vm mvwn‡Z¨ †h-AvaywbKZv ew¼gP‡›`ªi nvZ a‡i cÖwZôv cvq, Zv wQj BD‡ivcxq fvev”Qvw`Z| G cÖm‡½ †`‡ek iv‡qi `„wó‡KvY D‡jøL¨, wZwb AvaywbKZvi ˆewk¦K PwiÎ we‡kølY K‡i‡Qb Ñ ÔBD‡iv‡ciB cÖ‡qvR‡b mgMÖ we‡k¦ ÔAvaywbKZvÕ bvgK aviYvwU wbg©vY K‡i‡Q BD‡ivc wb‡RB| Avi BD‡ivcm„ó GB wek¦ex¶v ev gvb`Ð w`‡q Jcwb‡ewkK evsjv Dcb¨v‡mi 6 Rb¥exR|Õ wKš‘ cÖvPxb AvL¨vbKve¨‡K AvwkÖZ K‡i gnv‡k¦Zvi Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU‡Z AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi Kwe n‡q-IVvi †cQ‡bi hš¿Yv Ges Zuvi KiæY cwiYwZ-msewjZ Dcb¨vm, hv cÖK…Zc‡¶ AvaywbK bq, DËivaywbK mvwnZ¨Kg© n‡q I‡V e‡jB cvVK wn‡m‡e Avgvi aviYv| hw`I wb‡R Zuvi Kwe‡K AvaywbK e‡j D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb| wKš‘ mvwn‡Z¨i ZË¡ we‡kølY‡K gv_vq †i‡LB Avgiv GB Dcb¨vm‡K DËivaywbK c‡e©i mve-AjUvb© avivi Ask wn‡m‡e we‡kølY Ki‡Z cvwi| AiY¨Rxeb †_‡K mf¨ RM‡Z G‡m Kwe nIqv‡K gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex AvaywbK ej‡ZB cv‡ib, wKš‘ wZwb hLb AšÍ¨R †kÖwY †_‡K Zuvi Kwe‡K wewbg©vY K‡ib, wØZxq Rb¥ †`b, ZLb Zv Avi AvaywbKZvi g‡a¨ mxgve× _v‡Kwb, Zv n‡q D‡V‡Q DËivaywbK| AvaywbKZv hLb Jcwb‡ewkK †kÖwYfz³ n‡q gvbegyw³i c‡_ Dj‡Uv `g‡bi †KŠkj n‡q c‡o ZLbB N‡U wewbg©vY, m„wó nq DËivaywbK cÖwµqv| gnv‡k¦Zv Zuvi ÔKwe e›`¨NUx MvwTÕ‡K wewbg©vY K‡i‡Qb, Zv gyKz›`iv‡gi Qvqvq| G cÖm‡½ gjq ivq‡PŠayixi DËi-Jcwb‡ewkKZv cÖe‡Üi


e¨vL¨vsk ¯§iY Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i Ñ Ô†cv÷gWvwb©Rg ev AvayybvwšÍKZv, AvaywbKZvi gnvbZvq wek¦vm K‡i bv, †Kbbv AvaywbKZv g~jZ D˜MZ n‡qwQj mvgªvR¨ev`x BD‡iv‡c... Kvj wefvR‡bi w`K †_‡K 1947-cieZx© mvwnZ¨ I ms¯‹…wZ‡K 7 fveyKiv ej‡Qb †cv÷K‡jvwbqvj ev DËi-Jcwb‡ewkK|Õ Avgv‡`i Dcb¨vm mvwnZ¨ BD‡ivcxq nvZ †Q‡o hLb †_‡K G‡`kxq n‡q D‡V‡Q, Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq (1898-1971), mZxbv_ fv`yox (1906-65), gvwbK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq (1908-56), gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex (1926-2016) Ges †`‡ek ivq (1936), †mB †`kxq n‡q-IVv Dcb¨v‡mi Ab¨Zg wbg©vZv| gnv‡k¦Zv †`kxq Dcb¨v‡mi iPbvi †¶‡Î †h-f‚wgKv †i‡L‡Qb, Zvi g‡a¨ Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU D‡jøL¨, †Kbbv GLv‡b wZwb †jvKevsjvi AvL¨vbixwZi AeZviYv K‡i‡Qb| Avgv‡`i cÖvPxb mvwn‡Z¨i AvL¨vbixwZ g~jZ weeiYg~jK| †hLv‡b ¸iæ‡Z¡i m‡½ Dc¯’vcb Kiv nq ¯’vb, Kvj, NUbv, cÖK…wZ I Pwi·K| AvL¨vbKve¨, g½jKve¨ cÖf…wZ avivq GB welq¸‡jv j¶Yxq| †Zgwb ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡q Dc¯’vwcZ nq AvL¨v‡bi ¯’vbcU, Pwi‡Îi AvKvi-cÖK…wZ-Lv`¨vf¨vm-cwi”Q`, †jvKvPvi cÖf…wZ| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU cvVv‡šÍ AvL¨vbweb¨v‡m Gme ˆewkó¨ cwi`„ó nq| wewfbœ hyM bvbv m¤cÖ`v‡qi AvPvi-AvPiY, ms¯‹vi-ms¯‹…wZ I ag©wek¦v‡mi Ici cÖwZwôZ n‡q I‡V| Ggwb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i ga¨hy‡Mi †PZbvq hLb Kwe gyKz›`ivg PµeZx©i Rxeb I Kv‡e¨i cÖwZ Abyi³ gnv‡k¦Zv, †mB Kwe‡K gv_vq †i‡L Zuvi Kwe‡K wewbg©vY K‡ib, ZLb Zv †hb cÖvšÍeZx© mgvRRxe‡bi e„Ëvq‡b wPwÎZ n‡q I‡V| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex-iwPZ KwePwiÎwU GK eÜzi c_ AwZµg K‡i Kwe L¨vwZ cvq; wKš‘ †kl ch©šÍ Jcb¨vwmK Kwe‡K wbg©g cwiYwZi †fZ‡i wb‡q hvb| ¯^-RvwZ †Q‡o Avmv Kwe Kjg aivi Aciv‡a eY©kvwmZ mgv‡Ri Kv‡Q kvw¯ÍcÖvß| Ab¨w`‡K Kwe wb‡Ri ¯^-RvwZi Wv‡K mvov w`‡q wd‡i †h‡Z Pvb bv, Pzqvo‡`i ivRv nIqvi AvnŸvb cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡ib| Kwe eb‡`ex Afqvi e›`bvMxZ iPbv K‡ib, †h Afqv ¯^‡cœ Zuv‡K wb‡q cvÂvjx wjL‡Z ejj, †mB Afqvi Kv‡QI Zuvi †kl AvkÖq †g‡j bv| 8 Kwe i³v³ n‡q AvKzwZ Rvbvq Ôgv‡qi jvoxi g‡a¨ hveÕ e‡j Ñ wKš‘ AvkÖq †g‡j bv| d‡j hš¿Yvi gvS w`‡q wbwg©Z Kwei Rxeb Avevi i³v³ cwiYwZi w`‡K †Mj| Avi NUbvi Ggb cwi‡cÖwÿZ Dcb¨v‡m cÖvšÍR‡bi ¯^‡ii Giƒc Dc¯’vcbv cvVK‡K wfbœ ¯^v‡` Av”Qbœ K‡i, hv‡K DËivaywbK avivi mvwnZ¨ wn‡m‡e wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvwi| GB avivq `wjZ †kÖwYi KÉ Giƒc wbg©vY‡K mve-AjUvb© ejv †h‡Z cv‡i| †jLK KweK¼Y gyKz›`ivg PµeZx©i g‡Zv D”Pe‡Y©i Kwei Qvqvq Zuvi Kwe‡K wb‡q Av‡mb, cÖvwšÍK Rb‡Mvôxi †_‡K Kwe Z_v wkíx mËv wbg©v‡Y cÖ_vMZ †_‡K evB‡ii Dcb¨vm m„wó‡Z e¨vß n‡q I‡Vb, †Zgwb cÖvwšÍK Kɯ^i‡K Zz‡j G‡b‡Qb g~j †mªv‡Zi gvby‡li mvwn‡Z¨, hv wb‡Pi w`K †_‡K BwZnvm‡K †`Lvi Bw½Z enb K‡i| Ic‡ii w`K †_‡K bq, hv mve-AjUvb© ÷vwW‡Ri Ask n‡q †`Lv †`q| Avi mve-AjUvb© DËivaywbKZviB GK ÷vwWR| †m‡¶‡Î ejv hvq, †cv÷-gWvwb©R‡gi †¶‡Î mve-AjUvb© Avmvi Av‡M †_‡KB gnv‡k¦Zv Zuvi wb‡Ri g‡Zv K‡i mve-AjUvb© PP©v K‡i‡Qb| KviY mve-AjUvb© ÷vwWR msKjb cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ nq Ô1982Õ 9 mv‡j | G ch©v‡q DËi-AvaywbKZvev` cÖm‡½ ZiæY Av‡jvPK ingvb RwR©i e³e¨ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Ñ Avaywb‡Ki c¶cvZ i‡q‡Q BwZnv‡mi gnveqvb Ges

Áv‡bi ALÐZvi Ici| Gi wek¦vm i‡q‡Q wg_ I mvgvwRK-mvs¯‹…wZK HK¨ Ges weÁvb I cÖhyw³i AMÖMwZi Ici| Ab¨w`‡K, DËivaywbKZv Gme‡K m‡›`n K‡i, cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i| gnveqvb‡K †m irony-i gva¨‡g Awewbg©vY K‡i, mvgvwRK I mvs¯‹…wZK eû‡Z¡ wek¦vm K‡i, 10 cÖhyw³i mskq †`Lvq| Avgiv gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨v‡mi we‡køl‡Y Giƒc cÖZ¨vL¨vb Avi m‡›`‡ni gv‡S eû ms¯‹…wZi mgvM‡g Kvwnwbi we¯Ívi Ges irony-K fv‡e Kwei wewbg©vY †`L‡Z cvB| ZvB G-Dcb¨vm‡K AvaywbK bv e‡j DËivaywbK ejv †kÖq g‡b KiwQ| welqwU Dcb¨v‡mi we¯ÍvwiZ Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g Av‡iv ¯úó n‡q DV‡e| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Avw`evmx Rxe‡bi cÖwZ †h `vqe×Zvi RvqMv †_‡K DrmvwiZ n‡q iPbv K‡i‡Qb Ai‡Y¨i AwaKvi, †PvwÆ gyÐv Ges Zvi Zxi, †U‡ivW¨vKwUj, c~iYmnvq I wci_v, myiR MvMivB, ¶zav cÖf„wZ Dcb¨vm| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU †mfv‡e ev †mB gvb‡m iwPZ n‡q‡Q ejv hv‡e bv; wKš‘ G-Dcb¨v‡mi †¶‡ÎI †jL‡Ki BwZnvm-†PZbv me©`v RvMÖZ wQj, hv c~‡e©B D‡jøL K‡iwQ| BwZnv‡mi cÖ”Qvqvq I NUbvcÖevn Aej¤^b K‡i †jL‡Ki g‡bvRMrm„ó AvL¨vb| G- cÖm‡½ †jLK wb‡RB f‚wgKvq e‡j‡Qb Ñ mewKQyi c‡i ewj, BwZnvm G M‡íi cUf‚wgKv, wKš‘ Avm‡j Kwei Rb¥ I g„Zz¨i i³v³ BwZnvm G‡Kev‡iB †jL‡Ki gvbmvwkÖZ|... †kl ch©šÍ †h‡nZz MíB ej‡Z †P‡qwQ †m‡nZz G Kvwnwb‡Z huviv BwZnvm LuyR‡eb Ges 11 LyuR‡eb bv Zuv‡`i Kv‡iv Kv‡QB Avgvi ejevi wKQy †bB| †jL‡Ki GB gšÍe¨ ZvwË¡K Ges AvÿwiK A‡_© mZ¨| †Kbbv Dcb¨vm †Kv‡bv BwZnv‡mi eB bq, BwZnvm wjL‡Z n‡j NUbvi mvwe©K Dc¯’vcb †hgb Riæwi, †Zgwb BwZnvm‡K mZ¨ n‡Z nq; wKš‘ Dcb¨v‡mi †ÿ‡Î †m-`vq †bB ej‡jB P‡j| †m hZB BwZnvm-AvwkÖZ Dcb¨vm †nvK bv †Kb, Zv †jL‡Ki Kíbvi wgkÖ‡Y m„ó| wdKkb ej‡Z Avgiv GUv‡K eywS| wKš‘ hLb gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex wb‡RB Avevi e‡jb, ÔgyKz›`iv‡gi `vwgb¨v Z¨v‡Mi KviY †Zv bqv kvm‡Ki Ryjyg Rei`w¯Í| wKš‘ †`k †Q‡o Aviovq wM‡q wZwb euvKzov iv‡qi mfvq KweL¨vwZ cvb| GB Kwe n‡q IVvi KvwnwbB Avwg ÔKwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi 12 Rxeb I g„Zz¨Õ-†Z wj‡LwQ|Õ Avm‡j †jL‡Ki fvebvq †h-Abyfe cÖwZôv cvq, m„wóK‡g©i †mB fvewU memgq †jLK e¨vL¨v K‡ib bv ev Zv RiæwiI bq| KweK¼Y gyKz›`iv‡gi GB Kwe n‡q IVvi KvwnwbB wZwb Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨‡Z wj‡L‡Qb, ZvB G-Dcb¨vm‡K HwZnvwmK Dcb¨vm ej‡Z cvwi| Z‡e †m‡ÿ‡Î GB mZ¨ †Zv we`¨gvbB _v‡K †h, Zv HwZnvwmK Dcb¨vm gvÎ, BwZnvm bq| mgvRweÁv‡bi we‡køl‡Y M‡elKiv A‡bK wel‡qB BwZnvm I Mí-Dcb¨vm‡K gv_vq †i‡L Z_¨ AbymÜvb Pvwj‡q mvgvwRK PwiÎ we‡kølY K‡ib, Avi GB we‡kølY c×wZ GLb ch©šÍ MÖnY‡hvM¨Zvi †ÿ‡Î †kÖq Ae¯’v‡b i‡q‡Q| KweK¼Y gyKz›`iv‡gi GB Kwe n‡q-IVvi KvwnwbB wZwb Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨‡Z wj‡L‡Qb, †jLK wb‡R e‡j‡Qb e‡jB bq; eis Dcb¨vmwU cv‡Vi gva¨‡g ga¨hy‡Mi I †cŠivwYK AvL¨v‡bi †fZi w`‡q †ivgvw›UK Dcb¨v‡mi kixi wbg©v‡Y Avgiv Zv †`L‡Z cvB, hv HwZnvwmK Uª¨v‡RwW| wZwb Dcb¨v‡m ga¨hy‡Mi fvlv e¨envi K‡i‡Qb, †hgb Ñ AvBqZ, †Xgmv, jvPvox, ˆjKv Giƒc k‡ãi †LuvR †g‡j Dcb¨vm Ry‡o|

17


Dcb¨vm †k‡l GB Dcb¨v‡m e¨eüZ †`kR kãvewji GKUv ZvwjKvI wZwb D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb| wZwb Afqvg½j iPbvi wbwg‡Ë †h-c`¸‡jv e¨envi K‡i‡Qb, Zv g½jKv‡e¨i Av`‡j wbwg©Z n‡q ev¯ÍeZvi ¯^iƒc n‡q I‡V| Dcb¨vm †_‡K we‡klfv‡e D‡jøL¨ Ñ Av †Mv e‡bi nsm Avgvi cÎ ˆjqv hvI| PÂz‡Z ˆjqv hvI PÂz‡Z ˆjqv hvI PÂz‡Z ˆjqv hvI! GB AvKvk Avgvi ZzjU KvMR, cÎ ˆjqv hvI! GB bjeb Avgvi †jLbx, cÎ ˆjqv hvI! 13 GB iƒcbvivqY Avgvi gmxcvÎ, ˆjqv hvI \ g½jKv‡e¨i ci‡Z-ci‡Z Giƒc Kve¨gqZv Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB| Kve¨im †_‡K MVb cÖwµqvq gnv‡k¦Zvi GB wbg©v‡Y mv`„k¨ we`¨gvb| D`vniY D‡jøL¨ Lye Riæwi bq, Zey ejv hvq, gbmvg½j Kv‡e¨ Awbiæ× I Elv AwMœKz‡Ð Suvc w`‡q AvZ¥Z¨vM Ki‡j, ZLb Ñ †mvbvi cyZzwj `ywU QvB nTv †Mj| 14 ågi-ågix `ywU Dwo‡Z jvwMj \ Ñ (weòz cvj) (evsjv g½jKv‡e¨i BwZnvm, c„ 123) Ab¨w`‡K W. AwmZKzgvi e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i m¤ú~Y© BwZe„Ë MÖš’wU †_‡K Avgiv †h-Z_¨ cvB, Zv gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Dcb¨vm Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ ¯§iY‡hvM¨ Ñ Zuvi Kve¨ mvaviYZ Afqvg½j bv‡g cwiwPZ|... AvZ¥cwiP‡q †`Lv hv‡”Q gyNj-cvVv‡bi we‡iv‡ai mgq cwiYZ eq‡m wZwb Ni †Q‡owQ‡jb|... mcwiev‡i eû Kó †fvM K‡i wZwb †gw`bxcy‡ii eªvþYf‚wgi Rwg`vi euvKzov iv‡qi AvkÖq †c‡jb| BwZc~‡e© GKw`b †`ex PwÐKv Kwe‡K, ¯^‡cœ Avwef‚©Z n‡q, Zuvi gwngvwelqK Kve¨ wjL‡Z wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jb|... Zuvi QvÎ Rwg`vi n‡q Zuv‡K PÐxKve¨ wjwLevi Rb¨ Aby‡iva Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| GB mgq †MŠoe‡½ gyNj myev`vi gvbwms‡ni mykvm‡b kvwšÍ wd‡i AvmwQj| ZLb AvZ¥xq-eÜz Ges Qv‡Îi Aby‡iv‡a Ges †`exi c~e©¯^cœv‡`k ¯§iY K‡i gyKz›`ivg Afqvg½j ev PÐxg½j Kve¨ iPbvq cÖ¯‘Z n‡jb| GB AvZ¥K_vmsµvšÍ e„ËvšÍwU ev¯Íe Rxebi‡m ficyi, HwZnvwmK Zvrc‡h© A_©en Ges 15 Kve¨¸‡Y AwZkq cÖksmbxq| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨v‡m Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT‡K †`Lv hvq †`exi ¯^cœv‡`k †c‡q Afqvg½j iPbv Ki‡Z Ges hvi gva¨‡g wZwb KweL¨vwZ AR©b K‡ib| Dcb¨v‡mi bvwqKv dzjøiv bvgwU g½jKve¨ †_‡K †bIqv fvevB †h‡Z cv‡i| gyKz›`ivg PµeZx©i Kvj‡KZz DcvL¨v‡b Avgiv dzjøiv bv‡gi Pwi‡Îi Dcw¯’wZ †`‡LwQ| G cÖm‡½ iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii ÔHwZnvwmK Dcb¨vmÕ cÖeÜ †_‡K Ñ Ôi‡mi m„RbUvB D‡Ïk¨, AZGe †mRb¨ HwZnvwmK DcKiY †h cwigv‡Y hZUzKz mvnvh¨ 16 K‡i †m cwigv‡Y ZZUzKz jB‡Z Kwe KzwÉZ nb bv|Õ iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii D‡jøL¨ e³e¨‡K mvg‡b †i‡L wewRZ Kzgvi `Ë GKwU e¨vL¨v †`b| Zv n‡”Q Ñ Jcb¨vwmK‡K HwZnvwmK we‡e‡Ki cÖwZ wek¦¯Í n‡Z n‡e GUv wVK| wKš‘ Zuvi HwZnvwmK we‡eK Ñ cvÎcvÎx wbe©vP‡b, NUbv wbg©v‡Y, Av‡eM-Abyf‚wZi cÖKv‡k, PwiÎwP·Y wkíx mËv‡K ¸iæZ¡ w`‡Z n‡e| Z‡eB iex›`ªbv‡_i Kw_Z HwZnvwmK i‡mi ¯^iƒc Dcjwä n‡e, 17 AZxZ RxešÍ n‡q DV‡e| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwUI ga¨hy‡Mi g½jKve¨ I ZrKvjxb mgq‡K wb‡q wjwLZ| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Dcb¨v‡mi PwiÎ-wPÎY Ges mvgvwRK †cÖ¶vcU wbg©v‡Y †mB

18

mgq‡K Zvrch©c~Y© K‡i Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb Dcb¨vmwU‡Z| †jLK wb‡RB Dcb¨v‡m BwZnv‡mi e¨envi cÖm‡½ e‡jb Ñ BwZnv‡mi gyL¨ KvRB n‡”Q gvby‡li AšÍgy©Lx cyiælv_©‡K evB‡ii †Mvjgvj, msMÖvg I mgv‡iv‡ni AveR©bv Ges aŸsm¯Í‚c mwi‡q mwi‡q A‡š^lY Kiv, A_© I Zvrch© †`Iqv| Avi ZLbB GB wfZicv‡b †PvL‡gjvi `iæbB Awbevh©fv‡e †ewi‡q Av‡m mgvRbxwZ I A_©bxwZ; †ewi‡q Avm‡Z eva¨|... GB mgvRbxwZ I A_©bxwZi gv‡b nj 18 †jvKvPvi, †jvK ms¯‹…wZ, †jŠwKK Rxebe¨e¯’v| 19 wZwb Zuvi GB Dcb¨vm‡K c~‡e© DwjøwLZ Ô†jL‡Ki gvbmvwkÖZÕ e‡j D‡jøL Ki‡jI Avgiv Dcb¨v‡mi cU wbg©v‡Y BwZnv‡mi im Lyu‡R cvB, Ges †jLK †ek fv‡jvfv‡eB Dcb¨vmwU‡Z ga¨hy‡Mi gvbyl, gvbweKZv Ges mgvRwP·K Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb| Z‡e Zv BwZnv‡mi †ivgvÝmg„× fv‡e| hw`I †jLK e‡jb, 20 ÔBwZnv‡mi †ivgvÝ Avgv‡K Avi AvK…ó KiwQj bvÕ| Zey GB Dcb¨v‡m BwZnv‡mi m‡½ †ivgvÝ †hgb Luy‡R cvIqv hvq, †Zgwb †jL‡Ki g‡bvRMr-m„ó Dcb¨vm n‡jI †lvok kZ‡Ki evsjviB wkwíZ AvL¨vb Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU| HwZnvwmK mgq‡K †K›`ª K‡i ev †mB †cÖ¶vcU‡K Dcb¨v‡m wb‡q Avmvi welqwU evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ c~‡e©I wQj| ew¼gP›`ª P‡Ævc¨va¨vq (1838-94) Giƒc BwZnv‡m †ivgvÝ I Kíbv wgwk‡q Dcb¨vm iPbv K‡i‡Qb| †m¸‡jv weï× HwZnvwmK Dcb¨vm wn‡m‡e mgv‡jvP‡Ki we‡iva _vK‡jI wkíe¯‘ wn‡m‡e †mme Dcb¨vm me hy‡MB ¯^xK…Z| Zuvi `y‡M©kbw›`bx (1865), KcvjKzÐjvq (1866) Giƒc †ivgv‡Ýi †`Lv †g‡j| BwZnvm‡K bZzb `„wó‡KvY †_‡K mvaviY gvby‡li wPšÍv-†PZbvq Awfwl³ n‡q HwZnvwmK Dcb¨vm iPbvi avivwU m¤¢eZ ïiæ K‡ib cÖg_bv_ wekx (1901-85) I bvivqY M‡½vcva¨vq (1918-70)| cÖg_bv_ wekxi †Rvov`xwNi †PŠayix cwievi (1938) Ges bvivqY M‡½vcva¨v‡qi wZb L‡Ði Dcb¨vm Dcwb‡ek (1944) G cÖm‡½ D‡jøL¨| Z‡e f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi (1827-94) 1857 mv‡j cÖKvwkZ Dcb¨vm A½yixI wewbgq I mdj ¯^cœ‡K GB avivi cÖ_g Dcb¨vm wn‡m‡e aiv n‡q _v‡K| Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi (1898-1971) ivav I Mbœv †eMg| cieZx©Kv‡j G-avivq †jLv Dcb¨v‡mi g‡a¨ Awgqf‚lY gRyg`v‡ii (1918-2001) Puv`‡e‡b (1993 mv‡j MÖš’vKv‡i cÖKvk), kIKZ Imgv‡bi (1917-98) µxZ`v‡mi nvwm (1962) I ivRv DcvL¨vb (1971), ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki (1935-2016) Avqbvwewei cvjv, m‡Z¨b †m‡bi Awfkß bMix (1968), we‡`ªvnx ˆKeZ© (1969) cÖf„wZ D‡jøL‡hvM¨| †mwjbv †nv‡m‡bi bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb (1982), Puv`‡e‡b (1984), Kvj‡KZz I dzjøiv (1992) cÖf…wZ D‡jøL¨| evsjv Dcb¨v‡m HwZnvwmK mgqKvj‡K Dcb¨v‡mi NUbvKvj wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv K‡i Dcb¨vm †jLvi wel‡q eû Jcb¨vwm‡Ki Dcb¨v‡mi mÜvb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ cvIqv hv‡e| huviv BwZnvm †_‡K wg_ I HwZn¨‡K A‡š^lY K‡i Dcb¨vm iPbv K‡i‡Qb, KL‡bv-ev †mB Dcb¨v‡mi PwiÎiv eZ©gvb mgv‡Ri cÖwZwbwaI e‡U| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex wb‡RB BwZnvm AvkÖq K‡i eû Dcb¨vm wj‡L‡Qb| wKš‘ wZwb BwZnvm‡K †`‡L‡Qb wfbœ `„wófw½‡Z, d‡j Zuvi Dcb¨v‡m wZwb ivR-ivRov‡`i BwZnvm‡K †K›`ª K‡i AvL¨vb wbg©v‡Y e¨vß bv n‡q, `wjZ †kÖwY‡K BwZnv‡mi Av‡jv‡K Zz‡j G‡b‡Qb, hv‡K AšÍ¨R ¯^i ejv †h‡Z cv‡i| G cÖm‡½ MvqÎx PµeZx© e‡j‡Qb, Ôvoice 21 from the marginÕ| `wjZiv wK K_v ej‡Z cv‡i? ev MÖvgwk hLb e‡jb, K…l‡Ki c‡ÿ Kjg ai‡eb †Kv‡bv eyw×RxexB, ZLb Avgiv GB Dcb¨v‡mi wPÎwU Avevi †f‡e †`L‡Z cvwi| gnv‡k¦Zv


†`exi Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vwU‡ZI BwZnvm-AvwkÖZ †ivgv‡Ýi †mB cÖvwšÍK Rb‡Mvôxi Kɯ^iB ¯úó n‡q I‡V| G-cÖm‡½ cv_©cÖwZg e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi e³e¨ cÖwYavb‡hvM¨ Ñ g‡b co‡Q, gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Zuvi GB Dcb¨vmwU‡K †ivgvw›UK e‡jwQ‡jb| Ô†ivgvw›UKÕ kãwU gnv‡k¦Zvi mgMÖ Dcb¨vm RMr m¤ú‡K© Zvrch©c~Y©| `ytmn ev¯Í‡ei Qwe AuvKvi AšÍiv‡j GKUv †ivgvw›UK cÖwZev`, GKUv †ivgvw›UK ¯^cœ gnv‡k¦Zvi Dcb¨v‡m Rwo‡q _v‡K, ZvB Zuvi AmvaviY I mvaviY bvqK-bvwqKviv AvcvZ civR‡qi g‡a¨I Ab¨ gvÎvq Kv‡jvˇii m½x nq| K_vUv †evanq Ruv cj mv‡Î© e‡jwQ‡jb, †mvk¨vwj÷ wiq¨vwjRg bq, `iKvi †mvk¨vwj÷ †ivgvw›UwmRg| gnv‡k¦Zvi Dcb¨v‡m, †mUvB cvB Ñ ev¯Íe I ¯^‡cœi, BwZnv‡m, mg~‡ni mZ¨ I e¨w³, Dcb¨v‡mi ˆkwíK Ø›Øgq wbg©vY wµqvq Zuvi Zvrch©c~Y© Dcb¨vm¸wj †hb GK †ivgvw›UK RvMiY| Kwe e›`¨NUx 22 ZviB GK cÖZœ-cÖwZgv| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vwU‡ZI BwZnvm-AvwkÖZ †ivgv‡Ýi †`LvB ïay †g‡j bv, Avw` AiY¨evmx mgv‡Ri wg_, U¨vey Avi †Uv‡Ug wg‡j iƒcK n‡q I‡V mgMÖ Dcb¨v‡m| GLv‡b gnv‡k¦Zv AvL¨vb iPbv K‡ib weeiYg~jK fw½‡Z; wKš‘ NUbv ci¤úiv myweb¨¯Í bq| Kvwnwbi avivevwnKZv GLv‡b †`Lv hvq bv| Kvwnwb cÖwZwbqZ eZ©gvb I AZx‡Zi g‡a¨ Wz‡e hvq| Dcb¨v‡mi ïiæ nq fxgv`j iv‡R¨i GK ïuwoLvbvi gvwj‡Ki K_KZvq| †MvjKïuwo bvgK ïuwoLvbvi †jvKwU Avi Zvi gvZ½x †h-gnv`y‡h©v‡Mi K_v e‡j, Zvi gva¨‡g cvVK Rvb‡Z cv‡ib cÖvPxb evwYR¨bMixi †jvKe„‡Ëi BwZnvm| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ ZLb BwZnv‡mi Mí n‡q wd‡i Av‡m| †jLK Avgv‡`i †h-mgq Avi bMixi K_v e‡jb Zv †lvok kZvãxi| AvKei ev`kvi ivRZ¡Kv‡j w`wjøi QΔQvqvq evsjv GgbwK mviv fvi‡Z Qwo‡q-wQwU‡q _vKv Ki` mvgšÍiv‡R¨i K_v| eZ©gv‡b hv‡K †gw`bxcyi †Rjv ejv nq, ga¨hy‡M mvgšÍZvwš¿K †iIqv‡R †mLv‡b cuvP-QqwU ivR¨ wQj| Dcb¨v‡m DwjøwLZ ivRv MM© ejø‡fi fxgv`j ivR¨wU wQj Dwol¨vi mxgvšÍeZx© GjvKv| †hLv‡b fxgv`j I Dwol¨vi †evjvw½i A‡ji ga¨eZx©‡Z i‡q‡Q weivU wb`qv AiY¨| eb¨cï Avi AšÍ¨R Pzqvo RvwZ Qvov †KD †mLv‡b evm Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| Gme AiY¨evmx Pzqvo‡`i Avw`cyiæl nvwZ‡`i i¶vKZ©v GK gywbi mšÍvb| Zviv AiY¨ †Q‡o Av‡m bv, hw` †KD AiY¨ Qvo‡Z Pvq Z‡e †m nvwZi cv‡q wcó n‡q gviv hvq| GBme AiY¨ Pzqvo fxgv`j iv‡R¨i ivRvi n‡q hy× Ki‡Z Av‡m Ges hyׇk‡l Avevi Ai‡Y¨ wd‡i hvq| Zviv Ai‡Y¨ ¯^vaxbfv‡e evm K‡i| Lye mgm¨vq bv co‡j ivRvi Kv‡Q Av‡m bv| GLv‡b †jLK evwYR¨bMixi wkívwqZ Rxe‡bi m‡½ Ai‡Y¨i Awaevmx Avw`g †Mvôxi AvL¨vb Zz‡j Av‡bb| ¶z`ª n‡jI fxgv`j ivR¨ iƒcbvivqY b`xe›`i GKwU AvšÍR©vwZK evwYR¨‡K›`ª nIqvi d‡j GLv‡bi Rb‡Mvôx abx I cÖfvekvjx| Avi GB mg„w×i AvIZvq Av‡m ivRvi AbyMÖnfvRb D”Pe‡M©i gvbylRb| †mB mgv‡R ivRv nIqv hZUv mnR, eªvþY nIqv ZZUv mnR bq| †mLv‡b ivRv M‡M©i w¯’i wek¦vm, eY©vkÖg a‡g©i boPo n‡j Zvi wmsnvmb _vK‡e bv| Gfv‡eB NUbv mg„× K‡i gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i ga¨hy‡Mi AvL¨vb Dcb¨v‡m wb‡q Av‡mb, hv evsjv Dcb¨v‡mi avivq A‡c¶vK…Z bZzb ms‡hvRb| Dcb¨v‡mi G-avivwU m¤ú‡K© †`‡ek iv‡qi Dcb¨v‡m bZzb ai‡bi †Luv‡Ri GKwU we‡kølY D‡jøL¨ Ñ

eªZK_v, cuvPvwj, K_KZv, KxZ©‡b Avgv‡`i GKUv Kvwnbxi aib †Zv wQj| G¸‡jvi QK wQj euvavQK wKš‘ cÖ‡Z¨Kevi cÖ‡Z¨K eªZK_v ev cuvPvwjKvi ev K_KVvKzi ev KxZ©wbqvq ejvi m‡½-m‡½ GB Kvwnbx¸wj A™¢yZfv‡e e`‡j †hZ| GB Kvwnbx wfbœ K_‡Ki Mjvq-fvlvq wfbœ wfbœ Kvwnbx n‡q †hZ| GKB euvav Q‡Ki Kvwnbx GgbB Ae¨_©Zvq KvwnbxKv‡ii e¨w³‡Z¡i Quv‡P Av‡iv GKevi XvjvB n‡q 23 †hZ| gnv‡k¦Zvi GB Dcb¨v‡m †Zgwb KvwnwbKv‡ii e¨w³‡Z¡i bZzb QuvP cvV‡Ki gv‡S cwi`„ó n‡e| Dcb¨vmZvwË¡K wgLvBj evLwZb Dcb¨v‡mi fvlvi †LuvR K‡i‡Qb eû¯^vwiKZvi gva¨‡g eû Pwi‡Îi eû ai‡bi fvlv-msjvc †jL‡Ki wbR¯^ weei‡Yi mgš^‡q| G-cÖm½wU‡K AbymiY K‡i †`‡ek ivq e¨³ K‡i‡Qb, eû ¯^i I eû gvby‡li gnvmgvMg NwU‡qB Dcb¨v‡mi Av‡qvRb; wZwb e‡jb Ñ ÔGKB mgv‡Ri eû¯Í‡ii ev¯ÍeZv‡K KL‡bv Avfv‡m, KL‡bv ¯úóZvq, KL‡bv Bw½‡Z, KL‡bv msjv‡c, KL‡bv weei‡Y ¯úó K‡i Zzj‡ZB Dcb¨v‡mi we‡kl d‡g©i cÖ‡qvRb n‡qwQj| Dcb¨vm KL‡bv GK ¯Íi wb‡q m¤ú~Y© nq bv, Dcb¨v‡m g~j NUbv ïay g~j 24 NUbvq AvU‡K _vK‡Z cv‡i bv|Õ †`‡ek iv‡qi Dcb¨vmwelqK GB e¨vL¨vi m‡½ gnv‡k¦Zvi Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwUi NUbvweb¨vm I cU wbg©v‡Y mv`„k¨ j¶Yxq| gnv‡k¦Zv g~jZ g½jKv‡e¨i cÖwZwôZ †cŠivwYK Kvwnwb, Zv‡`i †jvKvPvi Avi wg_‡K wbR¯^ fw½gvq Dc¯’vcb K‡i Dcb¨v‡m bZzb gvÎv mshy³ K‡i‡Qb| †jLK mgMÖ Dcb¨v‡mi kixi Ry‡o †h †jŠwKK wek¦v‡mi e¨env‡i †cÖ¶vcU ˆZwi K‡ib| Zvi wKQy bgybv Zz‡j aiv hvK Ñ 1. K”Qc WvOvq I‡V, I Ggb S‡o k¥kv‡bi ag©VvKz‡ii †cÖZmnPiiv gy‡L Av¸b wb‡q `vcv`vwc K‡i| Ggb So cÖK…wZi iv‡R¨ hLb AvKw¯§K wKQy N‡U, mvaviYZ A‡bK Av‡M †_‡K Zvi †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv ms‡KZ †Kv_vI †Kv_vI _v‡K| †hgb, †h-eQi my`~i beØx‡c ïf †`vjc~wY©gvq †MvivPuv` Rb¥v‡eb, †m-ermi fxgv`j bMixi †MvjKïuwoi wcZvgn GK Avðh© `„k¨ †`‡LwQj| †m GKkZ Pvi ermi Av‡Mi K_v| GLb c‡b‡iv kZ GMv‡iv kKvã, ZLb †PŠÏkÕ mvZ kKvã| †MvjKïuwo Zvi ïuwoLvbvq e‡m GLbI Mí KÕ‡i _v‡K ÔKZ©v`v`v ˆgl`j n‡Z nuvUvc‡_ Avm‡Z Avm‡Z ¯úó †`‡LwQj, ... jxjebœ Kgj †hb `ÕRy‡o dz‡U iuB‡Q| †`‡LB wZwb †m‡_v‡`i ej‡j †jvbv`‡n jxjKgj, Buevi Rvbwe †fve‡b †`eZv D`q nuB‡Q|... G-K_v e‡j †MvjK mM‡e© Pviw`‡K Pvq I e‡j, ÔwZbgvm †h‡Z bv 25 †h‡Z †MvivPuv` Rb¥ wj¨‡jb|Õ 2. G ÔmgyÏy‡iÕ So‡K fxgv`‡ji gvbyl e‡ovB fq cvq|... Ggb So Zzdv‡b Puv`m`vM‡ii mßwWOv imvZ‡j hvq| b`xZx‡ii RvjyK cwj­ wb‡g‡l weRyeb nq| R‡ji Kvg‡o evwbqvRvwZi me©bvk| †e‡b †bŠKv cÖvq †d‡i bv I †e‡beD †fviiv‡Z Kz¯^cœ †`‡L Rvb‡Z cv‡i Zvi AvBqZ 26 Avi †bB| 3. AiY¨i¶wqÎx †`exi mPj cÖnix Zviv, AiY¨evmx Avw`g Pzqvo RvwZ Qvov †KD n¯Íxwe`¨v Rv‡b bv| Pzqvoiv nvwZ I 27 bvM c~Rv K‡i, ZvB Zviv wbf©‡q Ai‡Y¨ evm K‡i| 4. ÔZLb mZ¨hyM wQj MÕ, †`eZvi gvnvZ¥¨ wQj KZÕfxgv`‡ji †jvK e‡j| GLb bvwK †Nvi Kwj| Iw`‡K kÖx‰PZb¨, Gw`‡K AvKei ev`kv‡ni cÖfv‡e ab¨

19


Bmjvg, `yB ag©B mKj ARvZ‡K †Kvj w`‡q †i‡L‡Q, ZvB eªþvY¨a‡g©i cÖZvc wKQy ¶zYœ| GLb Puvovj, kei, mK‡jB B‡”Q n‡jB gv_v gywo‡q ˆeòe n‡Z cv‡i, bq‡Zv Kjgv c‡o gymjgvb, fxgv`‡ji †jvK e‡j ÔG †Nvi Kwj hw` bv 28 n‡e Z‡e Avi Kv‡K Kwj ey‡j¨ MÕ| Jcb¨vwmK Dcb¨v‡mi fxgv`‡ji gvby‡li wek¦vm, †jvKvPvi Ges agx©q `„wófw½i wewbg©v‡Yi gva¨‡g cvVK‡K iƒcbvivqY b‡`i ZxieZx© †jvKe„‡Ëi gv‡S †U‡b wb‡q hvb| †mB mv‡_ Zuvi Kwei Rb¥ ev Zuvi Kwei Avwef©v‡ei c~e© AvenvIqv ˆZwi K‡ib, hv g~jZ Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨i A‡bK c‡i, cyi‡bv †jvKK_v n‡q wd‡i Av‡m| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex GB AvL¨vb wbg©v‡Y †h-†jŠwKK Kvwnwb ïuwoLvbvi g‡a¨ w`‡q wb‡q Av‡mb †mLv‡b _v‡K Puv`ewY‡Ki AvL¨vb, eY©vwkÖZ a‡g©i wecix‡Z ˆeòe ag© I Bmjvg a‡g©i gva¨‡g †h-agx©q †Muvovwgi cÖwZ AvNvZ, †mme K_v †hgb ¯úó; †Zgwb dz‡U I‡V AiY¨evmx Pzqvo m¤úª`v‡qi Ae¯’vb I ag©wek¦v‡mi wg_| evwYR¨bMix fxgv`‡ji †jv‡Ki Kv‡Q iƒcbvivqY b‡`i fqsKi iƒcwU †hfv‡e †`Lv †`q AiY¨evmx Avw`evmx mgv‡Ri Kv‡Q Zv wfbœ AvL¨vb n‡q †`Lv †`q| Dcb¨vm †_‡KB Zv D‡jøL Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i Ñ kei I Ab¨vb¨ AšÍ¨R RvZ, hviv Ai‡Y¨ _v‡K, wkKvi Avw` AviY¨ e„wË K‡i euv‡P, Zviv gvZ…Kvc~Rvi iv‡Z †`e‡`ex, b`b`x, cvnvo ce©‡Zi we‡q, fve, fvjevmv, cÖYq, cÖwZwnsmv wb‡q Mí K‡i, Mvb Mvq| Zv‡`i Kv‡Q, GKgvÎ Zv‡`i Kv‡Q, wkjveZx b`x I iƒcbvivqY b` cÖYq 29 I cÖwZwnsmvi µxZ`vm RxešÍ cyiæl igYx| iƒcbvivq‡Yi Zx‡i fxgv`j iv‡R¨i Ggwb bvbv wewPÎ †jvKK_vi gva¨‡g Dcb¨v‡mi cU wbwg©Z| wg‡_i e¨envi, a‡g©i cÖKU Dcw¯’wZ, Av_©-mvgvwRK wPÎ, PwiÎ-wP·Y wewkóZvq fxgv`‡ji †jvKe„‡Ëi K_KZvq wewPÎ mgš^q Ges †mB m‡½ ZrKvjxb bvixmgv‡Ri Ae¯’vb wewkó n‡q I‡V| wg‡_i I †jŠwKKZv wb‡q b„-weÁvbx †Rgm RR© †d«Rvi MÖš’ iPbv K‡i bZzb w`K D‡b¥vPb K‡ib, Avw`evmx mgv‡Ri GB wg_ Ges †jŠwKKZv wb‡q Gi AwZK_v, †jvKK_v, †jvKvPvim¤úwK©Z Z_¨ I Kvwnwb msKjb `¨ †Mv‡ìb evI eBwU‡Z| GwU cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ nq 1890 wLªóv‡ã| wg_ Avi g¨vwR‡Ki myMfxi mgvR-gvbm-m¤¢yZ e¨vL¨v A‡bK ms¯‹v‡ii gb¯ÍvwË¡K w`KwUi `iRv Ly‡j w`‡q‡Q| gvbePwi‡Îi g‡bi in‡m¨i Av‡iv eûZi w`K †hb Av‡jvq P‡j Gj Zvi d‡j| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨v‡mi f‚wgKvq †jLK D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb †h wZwb Ñ ivpevsjvi †gw`bxf‚‡gi mvaviY gvby‡li Rxe‡bi GB wecyj eY©vX¨Zv Avgv‡K AvK…ó K‡iwQj| Ab¨w`‡K, eY©kvwmZ mgv‡Ri evB‡i †h-AiY¨evmx Avw`evmx mgvR †gw`bxcy‡i AbšÍKvj a‡i evm Ki‡Q, hviv fvi‡Zi Avw`gZg Awaevmx Zv‡`i m¤ú~Y© c„_K Aw¯ÍZ¡, †`‡evcvmbv, Zv‡`i totem I taboo, wek¦vm-cÖ_v-e¨envi, Pv›`ªermi MYbv, 30 gvZ…Kv Avivabv, Zv‡`i K_v Avgvi g‡b wQj| Dcb¨vmmvwn‡Z¨ wg_ GKwU ¸iæZ¡c~Y© welq| KviY wg_ g~jZ GKUv mgv‡Ri ev m¤cÖ`v‡qi `xN©w`‡bi wg‡k _vKv †jvKvPvi ev Rxeb‡ev‡ai Øviv m„ó DcK_v, Avi Dcb¨v‡m mvgvwRKfv‡eB e¨w³mËv‡K Dc¯’vcb Kiv nq| G-cÖm‡½ †Rv‡md K¨v¤ú‡e‡ji wg_welqK wKQy K_v D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Ñ wg‡_i g~j wPšÍv GKB, Ges memgq Zv GKB wQj| Avcwb hw` wb‡Ri wg_ZË¡ Rvb‡Z Pvb Zvn‡j cÖ_‡g Rvb‡Z n‡e Avcwb †Kvb mgv‡Ri †jvK| cÖ‡Z¨K wg_ we‡kl

20

Rb‡Mvôxi †eov †`Iqv †¶‡Z R‡b¥‡Q| Gici eo n‡q Zviv Ab¨ wg‡_i m‡½ wgk‡Z _v‡K, m¤úK© nq, wg‡kI 31 hvq, Ges †k‡l RwUjZi GK wg‡_i Rb¥ nq| wZwb wg_ m¤ú‡K© BD‡iv‡ci wg‡_i †h-K_v e‡jb Zv GLv‡b ¯§iY‡hvM¨ Ñ Awfavb Lyj‡j †`L‡eb †jLv Av‡Q wg_ n‡jv †`e‡`exi Mí|... †`eZv n‡jv gvbeRxe‡bi Z_v eªþv‡Ði GK Pwjòzkw³ ev ˆbwZK g~j¨‡eva| Avcbvi wb‡Ri kixi Ges cÖK…wZi wbR¯^ kw³| gvby‡li Rxe‡b wg_ n‡jv Ava¨vwZ¥K kw³i iƒcK cÖKvk| Avgv‡`i Rxeb‡K †h-kw³ cÖvY †`q, †mB GKB kw³ cÖvY `vb K‡i we‡k¦i Rxe‡bI| Aek¨ we‡kl we‡kl Rb‡Mvôxi we‡kl we‡kl wg_ Av‡Q, Av‡Q wbw`©ó msL¨K Dc‡`óv †`e‡`exI| Ab¨ K_vq, BwZnv‡m `y‡Uv m¤ú~Y© wecixZ avivi wg_Z‡Ë¡i cwiPq †g‡j| GKw`‡K Av‡Q †mB cyivY hv Avcbv‡K Avcbvi cÖK…wZ Ges Avcwb hvi Ask †mB cÖvK…wZK RM‡Zi m‡½ m¤úwK©Z K‡i, Ab¨w`‡K †mB cyivY hv G‡Kev‡i KvV‡LvÆviKg mgvRZvwË¡K, hv †Kv‡bv we‡kl mgv‡Ri m‡½ Avcbv‡K m¤ú„³ K‡i| Avcwb †h ïay cÖvK…wZK GKRb gvbyl Zv †Zv bb, Avcwb GK we‡kl m¤cÖ`v‡qiI| GB `yB avivi 32 †hvMv‡hvM j¶¨ Ki‡Z cv‡ib BD‡iv‡ci wg_Z‡Ë¡| AZGe wg_ †h‡nZz agx©q I mgvR m¤cÖ`v‡q cÖvK…wZKfv‡e msiw¶Z n‡q m„wó n‡q _v‡K, ZvB ga¨hy‡Mi ag©-AvwkÖZ AvL¨vb g½jKve¨ I mvgvwRK †jvKvPvi wb‡q gnv‡k¦Zvi Dcb¨v‡m DwjøwLZ AvL¨vb¸‡jv‡K ga¨hy‡Mi wg_ wn‡m‡eB a‡i wbw”Q| Dcb¨v‡m gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex †h †Uv‡Ug Ges U¨veyi †fZi w`‡q Avgv‡`i wb‡q hvb| †Zgwb wKQy wg‡_i K_v we‡klfv‡e D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Ñ 1. GB Pzqvoiv GKj‡e¨i ¯^RvZxq, eskci¤úivq avbywK| abyK Zv‡`i GKgvÎ A¯¿ Avi GL‡bv G‡`i `jcwZ nv‡Zi ey‡ov AvOyj †K‡U †d‡j| hviv Kv‡U bv ZvivI Zxi †Quvoevi mg‡q Wvbnv‡Zi Ab¨ Pvi AvOyj gvÎ e¨envi 33 K‡i| 2. †mB cvjKvc¨ gywbi K_v, whwb nvwZ‡`i m‡½ _vK‡Z _vK‡Z nvwZ‡`i GKRb n‡q wM‡qwQ‡jb| G‡Kev‡i cÖ_‡g nvwZiv eywS Zuv‡K Kv‡Q Avm‡Z w`Z bv, gvby‡li M܇K fq †cZ, †Nbœv KiZ| cvjKvc¨ gywb me© A‡½ nvwZi gj †g‡L _vK‡Zb, Zvi †_‡K Zuvi MÜ Avi nvwZi MÜ GK n‡q †Mj| Zuvi MÜ Avi nvwZi MÜ GK n‡q †Mj, nvwZiv Zuv‡K µ‡g me †`L‡Z w`j| Zv‡`i wg_yb, Zv‡`i kveK Rb¥`vb, Zv‡`i hy×, Zv‡`i g„Zz¨| 3. GK mg‡q wQj, me wQj| gvby‡li bL, `uvZ, ejkvjx evû, AwZKvq kixi| eywS-ev, †h Avw`g gywbcyÎ nvwZ‡`i i¶vKZ©v, Zuvi AvK…wZI †miKgB wQj| wngevn I mvM‡ii ga¨eZx© f‚-L‡Ð wZwb nvwZ‡`i m‡½ evm Ki‡Zb| nvwZiv Zuv‡K VvKzi e‡j RvbZ Ges wbR fvlvq ÔAvgv‡`i †Q‡o †hI bvÕ e‡j Zuvi A‡½ ïuo eywj‡q KZB wgbwZ RvbvZ| ZLb nvwZ‡Z gvby‡l †cÖg n‡Zv, cÖYq n‡Zv, mšÍvb n‡Zv| µ‡g, mf¨ nevi cÖ‡qvR‡b gvbyl Zvi bL, `uvZ, nvZ, †jvg, wms‡ni g‡Zv gv_v, me wemR©b w`‡q eZ©gv‡b †hgbwU †`Lv hvq †Zgwb AvK…wZ †P‡q wbj| ebevïjx Zv‡K me w`‡jb, ïay ej‡jb ÔGLb n‡Z †Zv‡Z Zvi cï‡Z fve-fvjevmv 34 iB‡e bv| D gvi‡e, Zz giwe| Zz gviwe, D gi‡e|Õ 4. nvwZ‡`i m‡½ Zv‡`i eûw`‡bi †gjeÜb| †mBR‡b¨ G


iv‡R¨ wbqg, Pzqvo`j hLwb AiY¨ †Z¨‡R Avm‡e, ivRv MM©ej­f‡K Zv‡`i Awf‡hvM ïb‡Z n‡e| Pzqvo`j NÈv, cÖni, mgq, myweav wKQyB we‡ePbv K‡i bv| Avi GK K_v Av‡Q| Pzqvo`‡ji †KD hw` RvZ †Z¨‡R AiY¨ †Q‡o 35 Av‡m, Zvi giY †Kv‡bv-bv-†Kv‡bvfv‡e nvwZi nv‡Z| gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Avw`evmx Rxeb‡Kw›`ªK Dcb¨v‡m wg_ memgqB ¸iæZ¡c~Y©fv‡e e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwUi †¶‡ÎI GB wg‡_i gva¨‡g AvL¨v‡bi eqvb, †h-wg‡_ nvwZi e¨envi †_‡K mgvRZvwË¡K BwZnvm wePv‡i Zv GB f‚-LÐ †_‡K DrmvwiZ wg_| ag© I cÖK…wZi e¨env‡i G †jvKms¯‹…wZi cÖKvkB ¯úó| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnv‡m MxwZfw½i ev cuvPvjx wbg©vY A‡bK cÖvPxb Avgj †_‡KB P‡j Avm‡Q, hv mvgvwRK AvL¨v‡bi gva¨‡g wbwg©Z n‡jI cÖPzi wg_-wgwkÖZ n‡q I‡V †mB AvL¨vbmg~‡n| Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq Kwe Dcb¨v‡m AšÍ¨R †bZvBPi‡Yi K‡É exYvi SsKvi †`wL‡q‡Qb, †mLv‡bI †cŠivwYK wg‡_i e¨envi n‡q‡Q| AvLZviæ¾vgvb Bwjqv‡mi †Lvqvebvgv Dcb¨v‡m Kvrjvnvi we‡ji gyÝx eqZzjøvi wg_‡K Kvwe¨K X‡O Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡q‡Q| AwfwRr †m‡bi iû PÐv‡ji nvo Dcb¨v‡m evwRKi‡Mvôxi RxweKvwbf©i Mv‡b †jŠwKKZv Avi wg‡_i e¨envi cwijw¶Z n‡q‡Q| †`‡ek iv‡qi wkívq‡bi cÖwZ‡e`b Dcb¨v‡mi ïiæ‡ZB Avgiv wg‡_i mÜvb cvB| GBme AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi AvL¨vb| Ab¨w`‡K gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi nvRvi Pzivwki gv wKsev N‡i †divmn eû Dcb¨v‡m wg‡_i Giƒc e¨envi cwi`„ó bq| GBme ivR‰bwZK Dcb¨v‡mi †_‡K AšÍ¨R RbRxeb iPbvi †ÿ‡Î gnv‡k¦Zv A‡bK †ewk wg_ Ges MxZfw½gvq AvL¨vb‡K wb‡q wM‡q‡Qb| Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq iwPZ Kwe Dcb¨v‡m Avgiv GK wbPz RvwZi †Wvg †_‡K Kwe n‡q-IVvi Kvwnwb cvB| †mLv‡b cyiv‡Yi K_v D‡jøL Kiv nq, Zv wbgœiƒc Ñ ïay `¯‘igZ GKUv we¯§qKi NUbvB bq, ixwZg‡Zv GK msNUb| †Pvi WvKvZ es‡ki †Q‡j nVvr Kwe nBqv †Mj| bwRi Aek¨ Av‡Q e‡U, Ñ ˆ`Z¨Kz‡j cÖn¬v`| wKš‘ †mUv fMer Ñ jxjvi A½| g~K‡K whwb evPv‡j cwiYZ K‡ib, c½y huvnvi B”Qvq wMwi j•Nb Kwi‡Z cv‡i, †mB cigvb›` gva‡ei B”Qvq ˆ`Z¨Kz‡j cÖn¬v‡`i Rb¥ m¤¢eci nBqvwQj; ivgvq‡Yi Kwe evj¥xwK WvKvZ wQ‡jb e‡U, Z‡e wZwb wQ‡jb eªvþ‡Yi †Q‡j| †mI fMer-jxjv| wKš‘ KzL¨vZ AcivacÖeY †WvgeskRvZ mšÍv‡bi AK¯§vr Kweiƒ‡c AvZ¥cÖKvk‡K fMer-jxjv ejv hvq wK bv| †m-wel‡q 36 †Kv‡bv kv¯¿xq bwRi bvB| AwfwRr †m‡bi iû PÐv‡ji nvo Dcb¨v‡m Amg hy‡× civf‚Z muvIZvj evwRKi‡`i Avw` cyiæl ÔiûÕ| hvi civR‡qi Møvwb †_‡K wg‡_i Rb¥, hv hvhvei evwRKi‡Mvôxi AvZ¥wek¦vm‡K `„p K‡i Ñ iûi ¶Z †_‡K Rj¯Í‡¤¢i g‡Zv D”Q„Z n‡Z jvM‡jv i³ Ges †mB i‡³ cÖej eb¨vq b`x DVj †du‡c| †mB i‡³i b`x ewnivMZ‡`i bMix, `jZ¨vMx‡`i f‚LÐ me MÖvm K‡i aŸsm Ki‡jv| †Kej iûi AbyMvgxiv Zvi †`n‡K AvkÖq K‡i †f‡m †h‡Z _v‡K `~i-`~iv‡šÍ| Zviv iûi †`‡ni Aw¯’ 37 KqLvwb AvkÖq K‡i bZzb c‡_ cv evovq| Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq-iwPZ Kwe, AwfwRr †m‡bi iû PÐv‡ji nvo Ges †`‡ek iv‡qi wkívq‡bi cÖwZ‡e`‡b wg‡_i Dcw¯’wZ Avgiv †c‡qwQ| Z‡e Zv †jL‡Ki fvlvq ewY©Z GB mKj wg_‡K †K›`ª K‡iB mgMÖ Dcb¨vm AvewZ©Z nqwb| wKš‘ gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi

Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU Ry‡o wg‡_i Dcw¯’wZ Øviv AvL¨vb cwiPvwjZ n‡q‡Q| ivp evsjvi wg‡_i ˆewPΨ m¤ú‡K© Avgiv BwZnvmwfwËK M‡elYv †_‡KI Rvb‡Z cvwi IB A‡ji ag©-ms¯‹…wZi ˆewPÎ m¤ú‡K©| M‡elK †mvgv gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi MÖš’ ivpe‡½i †jvKgvZ…Kv †_‡K D‡jøL Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i Ñ ivp evsjvi gvwU, gvbyl I ms¯‹…wZi m‡½ Rwo‡q Av‡Q gvZ…Kv Dcvmbv|... Zuv‡`i mvaviYfv‡e wZbwU fv‡M wef³ Kiv hvq| (1) De©iZv I cÖRbb kw³i AwaôvÎx †`ex (2) wnsmª eb¨ Rš‘i AwaôvÎx †`ex I (3) †ivMwbeviYKvix †`ex| GB wefv‡Mi evB‡iI i‡q‡Q Ggb A‡bK †`ex, huviv MÖv‡gi i¶vKÎx©i f‚wgKv cvjb K‡i _v‡Kb A_ev Ggb wKQy AwZcÖvK…Z kw³i AwaKvix huv‡`i wVKgZ Zzó bv Ki‡Z cvi‡j ev Zuviv iæó n‡j aŸsm Awbevh©| Avevi A‡bK mgq GUvI j¶¨ Kiv †M‡Q †h, GKRb †`ex‡K GKvav‡i De©iZv, cÖRbb I †ivM wbevi‡Yi Rb¨ cy‡Rv Kiv n‡”Q| cÖZœgvby‡li m„wRZ GB †`ex‡`i wb‡q ev‡iv gv‡m †Z‡iv cve©‡Y gv‡Z iv‡pi gvbyl|... iv‡pi me©v‡c¶v 38 RbwcÖq †jŠwKK †`ex gbmv| ivpe‡½i †jvKgvZ…Kvq M‡elYvjä GBme eY©v‡X¨i AvZ¥¯’Ki‡Yi GKUv cÖwZdjb gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmRy‡o; wKš‘ Zv Jcb¨vwm‡Ki wkí-`ÿZvq Ggb RxebgyLx AvL¨vb n‡q I‡V †h, NUbv cvVK‡K ZvrÿwYK eZ©gvb wn‡m‡e Pz¤^‡Ki gZ †U‡b wb‡q hv‡e ïiæ †_‡K †kl Aewa| †h-Kvi‡YI Dcb¨vmwU e¨wZµgx m„wó| wZwb ga¨hy‡Mi †mB mvaviY gvby‡li eY©vX¨ Rxeb, †mB m‡½ eY©kvwmZ mgv‡Ri evB‡i _vKv AiY¨evmx Avw`evmxi m¤ú~Y© c„_K Aw¯ÍZ¡, †`‡evcvmbv, Zv‡`i †Uv‡Ug I U¨vey, wek¦vm-cÖ_v-e¨envi, Pv›`ªermi MYbv, gvZ…Kv Avivabv, GKB f‚L‡Ð c„_K a¨vbaviYvi RMr‡K †R‡b gnv‡k¦Zv gy» n‡qwQ‡jb Aóg kZ‡Ki gvZ…kw³i kv¯¿xq c~Rvi Avmb cvIqvi NUbvq| Z‡e Zv ga¨hy‡Mi Kve¨ Z_v g½jKv‡e¨i weeiYg~jK ˆewk‡ó¨i Øviv Avweó n‡q AšÍ¨R †kÖwY I G‡`kxq eY©kvwmZ mgv‡Ri †jvKgvby‡li Kvwnwb wZwb wjL‡jb| G-cÖm‡½ †jL‡Ki e³e¨ Ñ BwZnv‡mi mgq I mgvR cybwb©wg©wZ‡Z Avwg mnR I ¯^”Q›` †eva Kwi| evsjvi BwZnv‡mi wewfbœ mgq wb‡q KZB †Zv wjLjvg| Ph©vc‡`i Kvj wb‡q wjwLwb, wKš‘ Aóg kZK †_‡K Ebwesk kZ‡Ki mgvR I gvbyl‡K wb‡q A‡bK Mí, wKQy Dcb¨vm †Zv wjLjvg| †jvKe„‡ËB Avgvi 39 AvMÖn g~jZ †Kw›`ªZ _v‡K| G-K_v wVK †h, wZwb GB Dcb¨v‡m †jvKe„ˇK fvjg‡ZvB Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb| wg_ Avi †jŠwKKZvi mgš^‡q Zuvi PwiÎ wbwg©Z| Dcb¨v‡m ivp evsjvi wg‡_i Dcw¯’wZi ¯^Zš¿Zvq c~‡e© DwjøwLZ Dcb¨v‡m e¨eüZ wg‡_i D`vni‡Yi Av‡jv‡K evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi wg‡_i e¨env‡i wewkóZv wPwýZ Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| U¨vey n‡”Q GKai‡bi A‡jŠwKK wb‡lavÁv, hv j•Nb Ki‡j kvw¯Í wn‡m‡e g„Zz¨`Ð ev †KŠg Rxeb †_‡K wbe©©vmb †`Iqv n‡Zv| †Uv‡Ug Avi U¨vey A‡bK mgq GKm‡½ RwoZ _v‡K| DËi Av‡gwiKvi Avw`evmx‡`i †Uv‡Ug n‡”Q †bK‡o| Pzqvo‡`i †Uv‡Ug GK A‡_© mvc I nvwZ| GQvov g½jKv‡e¨ IB A‡ji Av‡iv agx©q †`e-†`exi ˆewPÎ Dc¯’vc‡bi mÜvb †g‡j| †hgb gbmvi wg_, GKj‡e¨i wg_‡K gnv‡k¦Zv e¨envi K‡i‡Qb GB Dcb¨v‡m| GB `ywU wg_B †cŠivwYK wg_| myaxiP›`ª miKvi-msKwjZ †cŠivwYK Awfav‡b Gi mÜvb †g‡j| †hgb Ñ

21


ÔGKje¨ cÖdzjøgy‡L AKvZ‡i D³ A½yjx (`w¶Y n‡¯Íi e„×v½yjx) †Q`b K‡i †`ªvY‡K Dcnvi †`b|... ARy©b Zuvi e¨w³MZ ¯^v‡_©i Rb¨ Ges †`ªvYvPvh© Avh©-†kÖô‡Z¡i Av`k© A¶zYœ ivLvi Rb¨ Abvh© 40 GKj‡e¨i cÖwZfvi webvkmvab K‡iwQ‡jb|Õ Dcb¨v‡m DwjøwLZ Pzqvo‡`i ivRv‡K GL‡bv `w¶Y n‡¯Íi e„×v½yjx †Q`b Ki‡Z nq| AiY¨evmx Avw`evmxi m¤ú~Y© c„_K Aw¯ÍZ¡, †`‡evcvmbv, Zv‡`i †Uv‡Ug I U¨vey, wek¦vm-cÖ_ve¨envi, Pv›`ªermi MYbv, gvZ…Kv Avivabv, GKB f~L‡Ð c„_K a¨vb-aviYvi RMr‡K †R‡b gnv‡k¦Zv Dcb¨v‡m h_v_© e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| Avgiv †¶Î¸‡ßi †jvKm„wói b›`bZË¡ eBwU‡Z †`L‡Z cvB, wZwb †jŠwKK-A‡jŠwKK A‡_© cÖvPxb wg_ Avi †jvKm„wói mgš^‡qi K_v e‡jb Ñ ‍‍‍‍‍†jvKm„wói AvkÖq †h welq¸wj Zvi g‡a¨ cÖvPxb wg_, ms¯‹…Z cyivYMZ HwZn¨, †jŠwKK cyivY A_©vr g½jKve¨ we‡kl ¯’vb K‡i wb‡q‡Q| †jvKDrm †hgb ga¨hy‡Mi wkó mvwnZ¨-wkí‡K cyó K‡i‡Q, †Zgwb wjwLZ †mB mvwnZ¨ †_‡K †jvKm„wó MÖnYI K‡i‡Q cÖPzi|... wewfbœ eªZ I Ab¨vb¨ mvgvwRK AvPv‡ii m‡½ Rwo‡q †jvKm„wói wewPÎ iƒc Avgiv j¶¨ K‡iwQ| †m¸wj cÖvPxb cÖ_v, Rv`y, †Uv‡Ug, 41 wek¦vm cÖf„wZi Ae‡kl| AZGe †mB ga¨hy‡Mi †cÖ¶vc‡U †Uv‡Ug Avi U¨veyi gva¨‡g iwPZ gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Dcb¨vmwUi cÖavb PwiÎ Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT, hvi Ab¨ cwiPq Kj&nY| GQvov †ek wKQy ¸iæZ¡c~Y© PwiÎ Avgiv Dcb¨vmwU‡Z †`L‡Z cvB, Giv n‡jv Ñ †MvjKïuwo, ivRv MM©ejøf, gš¿x myab¨ `Ë Ii‡d nwik ivqv, mfvcwÐZ gvaevPvh© I dzjøiv| GQvov †ekwKQy AcÖavb n‡jI ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Pwi‡Îi g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg gvaevPv‡h©i DccZœx ¸Yv, Afqvg½jL¨vZ myjfv PwiÎwU cÖK…wZ †`ex Avi †cÖwgKv dzjøivi Qvqvq wbwg©Z n‡q †ek ˆewPÎgwÐZ| GQvov Dcb¨v‡m fxgv`jevmx bv‡g mvgwMÖK mvgvwRK Pwi‡Îi mie Dcw¯’wZ i‡q‡Q| gnv‡k¦Zv Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨v‡m wg_ Ges †jŠwKKZvi DcvL¨vb Zz‡j Av‡bb Pwi‡Îi †fZi w`‡q msjv‡ci gva¨‡g, M‡íi Q‡j| d‡j Zv wfbœgvÎvq †jvKvPv‡ii AveZ©‡b wbwg©Z n‡Z †`Lv hvq, hv cÖK…Z A‡_© †jvKe„‡Ëi K_v| †hLv‡b Dcb¨v‡m mvaviY gvby‡li gy‡LB †j‡M _v‡K iwmKZvi ¯^i, Dcb¨vm †_‡K D`vniY †`Iqv †h‡Z cv‡i Ñ Ôhviv eq‡m ZiæY I ¯^fv‡e bKzj, Zviv †PuwP‡q ej‡Q, Ôgvwm gvRv †nwjI bv M, †g‡mv jvB, we_v nÕ‡j 42 †K gvwjm K‡e¨?Õ ïiæ †_‡K †kl ch©šÍ Avgiv hvi M‡íi gva¨‡g †ivgvÂKi AvL¨v‡b Wz‡e hvB, †m n‡”Q †MvjKïuwo| †m Zvi ïuwoLvbvq †h-gnv`y‡h©v‡Mi NbNUvq g`¨c bMievmx‡K GKk Pvi ermi Av‡Mi K_v ej‡Z _v‡Kb, Zv †jŠwKKZv Avi wg‡_i cÖvPzh©Zvq ewY©Z n‡q I‡V, †mBm‡½ Avgiv fxgv`j iv‡R¨i GKwU A_©‰bwZK †cÖ¶vc‡UiI Qwe †c‡q hvB| evwYR¨bMix fxgv`‡j ïuwoLvbvi e¨emv Ges ewbZv‡`i Dcw¯’wZ A_©‰bwZK mg„w×i Bw½Z enb K‡i| †hLv‡b †Mvj‡Ki †Q‡j eviewbZvi N‡ii AvwObvq cÖYq cÖwZØ›Øxi nv‡Z cÖvY nvivq| mvgvwRK e¨e¯’vcbv †ek wek„•LwjZ| †MvjKïuwo wb‡RI gvZ½x wb‡q evm K‡ib| Zvi e¨emvi cÖmv‡ii Rb¨ eviewbZv‡K e¨envi K‡i mg„w× evovb| g` LvB‡q e¨emvqx‡`i †Mu‡Ri Kwo †ei K‡i †Mvj‡Ki wcZvgn A‡bK ab mÂq K‡iwQj| hvi Ae¯’vi m‡½-m‡½ fxgv`‡ji bMixi kÖxe„w× †c‡qwQj, †mB wcZvg‡ni wk¶vq cÖwkw¶Z wQj †MvjK| †Mvj‡Ki Pwi‡Îi wKQy w`K m¤ú‡K© D‡jøL¨ Ñ ‍B‡”Q K‡i Zv‡`i GLv‡b wb‡q Av‡m, g` LvB‡q week

22

K‡i †mvbv iƒ‡cv hv cvq †K‡o-Kz‡o †bq| fuvwULvbvq, gkv‡ji Av‡jvq, A‰PZb¨ we‡`wk‡K Dj½ K‡i Kvco †S‡o hv cvq †K‡o wb‡Z B‡”Q Kij| GKmg‡q †MvjK, GK AvivKvwb gM I Zvi nvewk m½x‡K †c‡U Qywi †g‡i iƒcbvivq‡Y fvwm‡q w`‡qwQj| ...gyL AvKv‡ki w`‡K Zz‡j Kd emv Mjvq †MvjK nv-nv K‡i Kuv‡`| `yðwiÎ, †ek¨v‡`i fvov Kiv DccwZ, wcÖq`k©b †Q‡ji K_v fve‡j Zvi eyK †d‡U hvq, cuvRivq-cuvRivq Zzdvb e‡q hvq, g‡b nq nv‡oi LuvPvi gvSLvbwU gv‡Vi g‡a¨ cwiZ¨³ k¥kv‡bi PvjvNi †hb| †Mvj‡Ki G-†kvK mwZ¨, wKš‘ Av‡iv mwZ¨ Zvi A_©wccvmv| wecbœ gvbyl‡K Amnvq K‡i wbt¯^ K‡i †bevi Af¨vm Zvi wcZvgn Zvi i‡³ cyu‡Z w`‡q‡Q|... G S‡oi iv‡Z Zvi gyÐvNv‡U wM‡q wecbœ ewY‡Ki mÜvb Ki‡Z 43 B‡”Q nj| Giƒc A_©wccvmy Ges b„ksm †Mvcv‡ji gva¨‡g gnv‡k¦Zv Avgv‡`i Av‡iv wbôzi GK Pwi‡Îi m‡½ cwiPq Kwi‡q †`b| ÔMM©ivRvi 44 †P‡q nwik ivqv AwaK wbôziÕ | Zvi gv‡b ivRv MM© †h wbôzi †mB mv‡_ Zvi gš¿x nwik ivqv Av‡iv wbôzi, Zv †jLK Avgv‡`i PwiÎci¤úivq Dc¯’vcb K‡ib| ivR PÐvj nwikP›`ª †_‡K GB bvg| eY©wgwkÖZ nevi Bw½Z GLv‡b †g‡j| Zvi wbôziZvi m‡½ cieZx© mg‡q Kwe e›`¨NUxi Pzqvo cwiPq cÖKvk Ges kvw¯Í weav‡bi †¶‡Î nwik ivqvi g‡a¨ GK Aw¯’iZvi Avwef©ve NwU‡q gnv‡k¦Zv PwiÎwU‡K inm¨gq K‡i †Zv‡jb| Dcb¨v‡mi fvlvq, ÔGLb nwik ivqvi ey‡K †hb evZvm AvU‡K †h‡Z _vKj| nvq gv Kvjx‡K! Ggb Acivax‡K †`‡L eyK dv‡U †Kb?...Õ nwik ivqv ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi nv‡Z ¶gZv _vK‡j Avwg R½‡j †L`v KiZvg, gviZvg 45 bv!Õ GLv‡b nwik ivqvi Pwi‡Î ˆØZmËvi weKvk NwU‡q‡Qb Jcb¨vwmK| Zv †evaKwi †m PÐvj e‡jB †jLK Ae‡PZb mngwg©Zvi †ik wb‡q G‡m AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi GKvZ¥‡ev‡ai GKUv j¶Y cwiùzwUZ K‡i †Zv‡jb| wKš‘ MM©iv‡Ri w¯’i wek¦vm wQj, eY©vkÖg ag© GZUzKz Gw`K-Iw`K n‡j Zuvi wmsnvmb U‡j hv‡e| mgvRe¨e¯’v imvZ‡j hv‡e, ivRvi kvmb my`„p _vK‡e bv| ivRvi g‡b c‡o ¯’vbxq GK f‚¯^vgx Kvjx Luvi `„óvšÍ| AšÍ¨R RvwZ‡K Avcb K‡i fvB e‡j †W‡K, †k‡l Zv‡`i nv‡ZB cÖvY w`‡qwQj| ZvB ivRv MM© h‡_ó m‡PZb, eY©vkÖg ag©e¨e¯’v i¶v Ki‡Z| ivRvi iv‡R¨ me Av‡Q, wKš‘ ivRvi `ytL Zuvi iv‡R¨ †Kv‡bv Kwe †bB| gnv‡k¦Zv Lye ¯^vfvweKfw½‡ZB ivRvi GB `yt‡Li cÖKvk NUvb| Dcb¨v‡mi †cÖ¶vc‡U ga¨hyM| †h-mgq evsjv Kv‡e¨i ¯^Y©hyM| ˆeòe c`vejx, ˆPZb¨ PwiZvg„Z, g½jKve¨, ˆggbwms MxwZKv BZ¨vw`i hyM| PÐx`vm, K…ò`vm KweivR, GgbwK KweK¼Y gyKz›`ivg cÖgy‡Li bv‡gi m‡½ m‡½ Zuv‡`i ivRv‡`i K_vI Ny‡i †d‡i| wb‡Ri K…wZZ¡Kg© ev iv‡R¨i K_v cÖPv‡ii †Kv‡bv Kwe †`‡k bvB| ZvB GK `y‡h©v‡Mi iv‡Z Ck¦‡ii Avkxe©v‡` Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT fxgv`‡j G‡j ivRv Zv‡K cyÎvwaK †mœn Ki‡jb| Aí wKQyw`‡bi g‡a¨B Kwe Afqvg½j iPbv K‡i mvov †d‡j w`j| ivRv Zv‡K m‡e©v”P m¤§vb w`‡Z cÖ¯‘Z, ZLbB NUj ANUb| †m-wel‡q hvIqvi Av‡M Dcb¨v‡mi Ab¨Zg PwiÎ gvavPvh©‡K Av‡iv GKUz Rvbvi `iKvi| hv‡K Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB ivRvi cÖK…Z mn‡hvMx wn‡m‡e| †kl ch©šÍ †m wbôziZvq nwik ivqvi †P‡qI fq¼i cÖgvwYZ nq| †mB gvavPvh©, A‡bK eQi Av‡M `ywf©‡¶i Kv‡j wbt¯^ Ae¯’vq mcwiev‡ii fxgv`‡j G‡mwQ‡jb| Zvici eY©vwkÖZ ag©‡K Av‡iv AgvbweKZvi c‡¶ agx©q weavb w`‡q ivRvi wcÖq n‡q I‡Vb| cÖfve, cÖwZcwË, abm¤ú` K‡i fxgv`‡ji ¶gZvai e¨w³ wZwb| Dcb¨v‡mi fvlvq


Zuvi GB Ae¯’vbwU‡K †hfv‡e Zz‡j aiv nq Zv we‡klfv‡e D‡jøL¨ Ñ Ô`ywf©‡¶i KzKzi †hgb giv †L‡q †gvUv nq, gvaeI †Zgwb ¶gZv-cÖwZcwËi gv`K cvb K‡i ùxZ 46 n‡Z _vK‡jb|Õ cvcx‡K kvw¯Í w`‡Z wZwb ivRv I nwik ivqvi †P‡qI Zrci wQ‡jb| †m-cÖ‡qvR‡b wb‡Ri †g‡qi nZ¨vKvixI n‡Z cv‡ib| gnv‡k¦Zv Dcb¨v‡mi PwiÎ-ci¤úivq †h-†cÖÿvcU wbg©vY K‡ib, Zv NUbvi NbNUvq cwic~Y© nq Pwi·`i gva¨‡g| Avi †mB we¯Í…wZgq AvL¨v‡bi eyK Ry‡o wg_ Avi †jvKK_vi eyb‡b G‡Kev‡iB wfbœZi AvL¨vb n‡q I‡V| Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK Z_v Dcb¨v‡m hv‡K wb‡q NUbvi mg¯Í we¯Ívi, †mB Kwe e›`¨NUxi PwiÎwU bvbvfv‡e dzwU‡q †Zv‡jb gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ Kwei AvL¨vb wb‡q A‡bK Dcb¨vm iwPZ n‡q‡Q| G¸‡jvi g‡a¨ Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi Kwe (1944), nygvq~b Avn‡g‡`i Kwe (1996) Ges ûgvqyb AvRv‡`i Kwe wKsev `wÐZ Acyiæl (1999)| Kwe Dcb¨vm iPbv cÖm‡½ ûgvqyb AvRv` e‡jb, Ôevsjv mvwn‡Z¨ cÖK…Z Kwe‡`i wb‡q Dcb¨vm ïay AvwgB wj‡LwQ, Ab¨iv wj‡L‡Q Kweqvj‡K wb‡q|Õ Dcb¨v‡m Kwe cÖm‡½ we¯ÍvwiZ Ges Zzjbvg~jK Av‡jvPbv cieZx©Kv‡j wek`fv‡e Kivi Av‡Q, Zv nqZ GB Dcb¨vm Av‡jvPbvq m¤¢e bq| Z‡e ûgvqyb AvRv‡`i GB e³‡e¨i LvwbKUv mwZ¨ e‡j D‡jøL Kiv hvq| †hgb Zvivk¼‡ii Kwe wbZvB PiY Ges gnv‡k¦Zvi Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT `yRb‡KB Kweqvj ej‡j fzj n‡e bv| Ab¨w`‡K nygvq~b Avn‡g‡`i Kwei Kwe-¯^xK…wZ JcbvwmK wb‡RB cÖwZwôZ K‡ibwb| Z‡e nygvq~b Avn‡g‡`i ÔKweÕ I ûgvqyb AvRv‡`i ÔKweÕ `yRbB BwZnvm †_‡K DrmvwiZ bq, eZ©gvb mg‡qi Kwei Qvqv Zv‡`i g‡a¨ cÖKU| Giv ga¨weË Rb‡Mvôxi gvbyl Ges kû‡i| Ab¨w`‡K Avgiv AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi Kwe nIqvi Kvwnwb †`L‡Z cvB Zvivk¼‡ii Kwe Dcb¨v‡m| †mwjbv †nv‡m‡bi bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb Dcb¨v‡m Ph©vMxwZKvi Kwe‡`i Zz‡j Avb‡Z †`Lv hvq| Aóg †_‡K `kg kZvãxi g‡a¨ Ph©vMxwZKvi cUf‚wg‡Z wbwg©Z bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb Dcb¨v‡m AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi Kwe Kvýycv` ¯^cœ †`LZ ¯^vaxb f‚L‡Ði, †hLv‡b eªvþY‡`i cÖej wbcxob _vK‡e bv, Zvi gy‡Li fvlv n‡e ivR`iev‡ii fvlv| †m AZ¨vPv‡ii weiæ‡× cÖwZev`x nq, d‡j Zvi `ynvZ †K‡U †bIqv nq| †cÖwgKv †Wvw¤^‡K duvwm‡Z Szwj‡q ivLv nq| Zv‡`i cwjø‡Z Av¸b jvMv‡bv nq| mevB cvnv‡oi cv`‡`‡k cvwj‡q hvq| †hLv‡b Dcb¨v‡mi †k‡l †mwjbv †nv‡mb Kwe Kvýycv‡`i ¯^cœ‡K Zz‡j a‡ib wbgœiƒ‡c Ñ

Kvýycv` `g wb‡q Avevi e‡j, GKUv †QvÆ f‚LÐ Avgv‡`i `iKvi| †m-f‚LÐUzKz meyR, k¨vgj Avi cwjgvwU fiv n‡jB nq| †m-f‚L‡Ði `w¶‡Y _vK‡e GKUv my›`i weivU eb Avi Zvi cvk w`‡q e‡q hv‡e mvMi| Kvýycv` _vg‡ZB †`kvL †PuwP‡q I‡V, Avn& Kvby`v †Kgb K‡i †h g‡bi K_v e‡jv| Zzwg bv _vK‡j Avgiv ¯^cœ †`L‡ZB cvwi bv| ZLywb Pvgov-†cvov MÜUv evZv‡mi cÖej SvcUvq I‡`i mevi bv‡Kgy‡L MjMwj‡q †Xv‡K| †mMÜ cÖvYf‡i ey‡K †U‡b †nv †nv K‡i †n‡m I‡V fzmyK, Kvwýjv †i AvwR 47 fzmyK e½vjx fBjx| †mwjbv †nv‡m‡bi Kwe Ges gnv‡k¦Zvi Kwe `yB Kwe-PwiÎ m„wói †ÿ‡Î g½jKve¨ I †cŠivwYK Kvwnwbi e¨envi †`L‡Z cvIqv hvq| Ab¨w`‡K Zvivk¼‡ii Kwe Dcb¨v‡m Kwe wbZvBPiY †Wvg †kÖwY †_‡K D‡V G‡m Kweqvj nIqvi ¯^cœ †`‡L Ges NUbvP‡µ †m Kwe I Kweqvj n‡q hvq| wbZvB‡qi eskMZ †Pvi-WvKv‡Zi †ckv‡K †m MÖnY K‡i bv, d‡j Zv‡K Zvi mgvR †Q‡o Avm‡Z nq| Kwe wbZvB PviY Kwe n‡q-IVvi m‡½-m‡½ †cÖwgKI n‡q hvq| Zuvi cÖ_g †cÖg VvKziwS †h Zvi KweZvi cO&w³i Drm`vÎxI e‡U, wKš‘ VvKziwS A‡b¨i eD weavq wbZvB Zv‡K Kv‡Q Uvb‡Z cv‡i bv| wei‡ni mgq †m hy³ nq Szgyi `‡ji m‡½| †mLv‡b emšÍ bv‡gi ewbZvi m‡½ Zuvi †cÖg nq| †mBm‡½ evo‡Z _v‡K KweL¨vwZ| wKš‘ wbZvBPiY Kwe n‡qI †cÖ‡gi Kv‡Q civwRZ GK cyiæl n‡q †`Lv †`q| Kwe Dcb¨v‡mi †k‡l ZvB Kwe wbZvBPi‡Yi K‡É Avgiv ïb‡Z cvB †mB Mvb Ñ GB †L` Avgvi g‡b Ñ fvj‡e‡m wgUj bv mva, Kzjvj bv G Rxe‡b! nvq Ñ Rxeb GZ †QvU †K‡b? 48 G fye‡b? †mwjbv †nv‡m‡bi bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb Dcb¨v‡mi KweI eY©vkÖg a‡g©i Øviv wbh©vwZZ, wbR¯^ fvlv i¶v I f‚L‡Ði Rb¨ cÖwZev`x n‡q KiæY cwiYwZ jvf K‡i| Jcb¨vwmK GLv‡b Kwe Kvýycv` I fzmyKzi g‡a¨ KweL¨vwZi †P‡qI †`k-RvwZi cÖwZ Av‡eM †ewk cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| Kwe AvL¨v‡bi gva¨‡g †mwjbv †nv‡mb evsjv‡`‡ki f‚L‡Ði wPÎ Auv‡Kb, fvlv Avi f‚wgi AwaKv‡ii ¯^‡ii †fZi w`‡q| Ab¨w`‡K Zvivk¼‡ii AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi wbZvBPiY KweL¨vwZ †c‡qI wbR f‚L‡Ð wd‡i Av‡m †cÖ‡gi Uv‡b| Zvi Rxeb‡ev‡a dz‡U I‡V gvby‡li Rxe‡bi ¶Y¯’vwq‡Z¡i

cvcx‡K kvw¯Í w`‡Z wZwb ivRv I nwik ivqvi †P‡qI Zrci wQ‡jb| †m-cÖ‡qvR‡b wb‡Ri †g‡qi nZ¨vKvixI n‡Z cv‡ib| gnv‡k¦Zv Dcb¨v‡mi PwiÎci¤úivq †h-†cÖÿvcU wbg©vY K‡ib, Zv NUbvi NbNUvq cwic~Y© nq Pwi·`i gva¨‡g| 23


Av‡¶c, Z‡e Zv KweL¨vwZ AR©‡bi Rb¨ bq, †cÖwgKv nviv‡bvi †e`bvq| gnv‡k¦Zv Zuvi Kwe‡K Zz‡j Avb‡jb ¯^RvwZ, ¯^f‚wg Z¨vM K‡i Kwe n‡Z G‡m‡Q Ges †m wb‡RB ¯^‡NvwlZfv‡e wØZxq Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| G‡ÿ‡Î Zvivk¼‡ii Kwei m‡½ gnv‡k¦Zvi Kwei wkívKv•ÿvi wgj A‡bK †ewk| Ges GB `yB KweB Kwe nIqvi Aciv‡a ¯^RvwZi Kv‡Q Acivax wn‡m‡e wPwýZ| Zviv D”PvKv•ÿxI e‡U| †mwjbv †nv‡mb, Zvivk¼i I gnv‡k¦Zv Ñ wZb KweB †mB AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi †_‡K Kwe n‡q-IVvi msMÖv‡g e¨vß †_‡K‡Q Ges Zv‡`i KiæY cwiYwZ N‡U| gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Kwe e›`¨NUxi g‡a¨ ewjô Kɯ^i †hgb dz‡U I‡V, †Zgwb D”P-AvKv•¶vi m‡½ dz‡U I‡V Kwe I †cÖwgK mËv| Ab¨w`‡K Zuvi-iwPZ Kwe AiY¨Pvix G‡Kev‡iB cÖvwšÍK gvbyl| †h e›`¨NUx MvwT GK `y‡h©v‡Mi iv‡Z ¯^cœ`ªó n‡q cvÂvjx iP‡Z nuvU‡Z-nuvU‡Z fxgv`‡j Av‡m| †h-Kwe Rvbvq mi¯^Zxi c~Rv‡Z †Kv‡bv m¤ú` jv‡M bv, ZvB †m `xb`wi`ª Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT wn‡m‡e wb‡Ri cwiPq †`q| Ges †m Rvbvq, IB bv‡g Zv‡K cvÂvjx iPbv Ki‡Z n‡e| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex GLv‡b AšÍ¨R Pyqvo hyeK †_‡K G‡Kev‡iB wkíx wbg©v‡Yi j‡¶¨ Zuvi Kwe‡K Dc¯’vcb K‡ib| hvi gv‡S †jLK †mB mgv‡Ri †kÖwY‰elg¨‡K wPwÎZ K‡ib, Dcb¨v‡mi Kwei fvlvq msjv‡c Zv dz‡U I‡V Ñ ÔhyeK e‡jwQj ÔRb¥Kv‡j m‡fi gZ AvwgI i‡³i `jv gvÎ wQjvg| †m Ae¯’vq bvg Av‡m bv| bvg Av‡m c‡i| Ck¦i gvbyl wmR©vq, gvbyl bvg wmR©vq| bvg e‡¯¿i gZ, AvfiY Aj¼v‡ii gZ †n, A‡½ Zzj‡j Z‡e I‡V| Aag G bvg †m fv‡e wb‡q‡Q, 49 gnvRb †n, Aeavb Ki|Õ ivRv Zv‡K ivRKwe e‡j gvbm¤§vb †`‡eb| KZ f‚wg, KZ †mvbv, KZ MvBej`, Kwei me©v‡½ †mvbvi Mnbv| myLmg„w×i Avkv GgbB KznwKbx n‡q Kwei A‡½ bvPb Zzj‡jI gnv‡k¦Zv Zvi †fZ‡ii Kwei An¼viI mgfv‡e Zz‡j a‡ib| ZvB †Zv Kwei †cÖwgKvi gy‡L †kvbv K_v Ñ ÔwjL‡eb wZwb, ARmª cyuw_ wjL‡eb! `vgyb¨vi gyKz›`iv‡gi Kx Avi ¶gZv! K…ò`vm Kweiv‡Ri Kx ev L¨vwZ! PÐx`vm †cÖ‡gi K_v Kx wjL‡Z cv‡i| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT Zv‡`i †P‡q, Zv‡`i mK‡ji †P‡q 50 e‡ov n‡eb|Õ Kwe hLb Zvi ¯^‡cœ KvQvKvwQ KznKv”Qbœ ZLbB N‡U webv †g‡N eRªvNvZ| GK`j AiY¨evmx, AšÍ¨R Pzqvo mfvq G‡m Kwe‡K wb‡R‡`i †jvK e‡j `vwe K‡i| Pzqvo‡`i ivRv gviv †M‡Q, Kwei Avmj bvg n‡”Q Kjnb| †m Pzqvo‡`i †kÖô cyiæl, Zviv Zv‡K ivRv evbv‡Z wdwi‡q wb‡Z G‡m‡Q| Ab¨w`‡K fxgv`j iv‡R¨ ïiæ nq Kwei GB AvZ¥cwiPq †Mvcb K‡i KweL¨vwZ cvIqvi wel‡q †Zvjcvo| k~`ª n‡q Kjg nv‡Z †bIqvi Rb¨ Kwei g„Zz¨`Ð w¯’i nq| Gw`‡K ivRv bv n‡j Pzqvoiv Kwe‡K nvwZi cv‡qi Zjvq wcó K‡i gvi‡Z Pvq; Ab¨w`‡K wg_¨v eªvþY nIqvq Rb¨ ivR`iev‡i duvwmi Av‡`k| Zvivk¼‡ii Kwe Dcb¨v‡m Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB †hw`b wbZvBPiY cÖ_g Kweqvj n‡q I‡V, †mw`bI wbZvB‡qi †Wvgcvovi †fZi w`‡q hvIqvi mgq wb‡Ri N‡ii w`‡K ZvwK‡q hLb Av¯Ívbvi D‡Ï‡k cv evwo‡qwQj, ¯^RvwZi †µv‡ai gy‡L co‡Z nq Zv‡K| †mLvbKvi eZ©gvb KzjvwacwZ wbZvB‡qi gvgv †h ˆbkvwfhv‡bi `jcwZ, †m AZwK©‡Z G‡m wbZvB‡qi UuzwU †P‡c a‡iwQj| welqwU D‡jøL¨ Ñ †Zvi evev‡K `v`v‡K Mvj LvIqvwj, LvIqvwj Ñ Avgvi evev‡K `v`v‡K Mvj-LvIqvwj K¨v‡b Avm‡ii g‡a¨Lv‡b? ï‡qv‡ii ev”Pv ïqvi!... wKš‘ †m KweMvb Kwi‡jI gvgviB fvwM‡bq, IB eskiB mšÍvb| †`‡n kw³ ZvnviI Kg bq| Zvi Ici cÖ_g †Rvqvb eqm| †m `yB nvZ w`qv gvgvi nvZ

24

Lvbv Uvwbqv awij| cigyn~‡Z© ivRb AvMvBqv Avwmj Ñ †Qv‡ov Ñ! Avgvi nZ¨v Kwievi msKí wQj bv| B”Qv wQj kvm‡bi| ZvB wbZvB‡qi Mjv Qvwoqv w`qv K_v ewjj Ñ hvt! Avi G-cvovi c_ gvovwe bv| gnv‡`e Kweqvj IB GKUv K_v wVK e‡j‡Q| Auv¯ÍvKz‡oi Au‡Uv (Gu‡Uv) cvZvi ¯^M‡M hvevi Avkv †Mv! Ñ ewjqv †m †hgb AZwK©‡Z 51 AvwmqvwQj, †ZgwbB PwK‡Z Qvwoqv w`qv Pwjqv †Mj| wKš‘ gnv‡k¦Zvi Kwe e›`¨NUx eY©vwkÖZ ag© kvm‡bi Øviv cwi‡ewóZ mgv‡R wb‡R‡K Kwe wn‡m‡e cÖwZôv K‡i‡Q| Zvi cwiYwZ fqsKi nIqviB K_v| KviY ivRvi g‡b fq, mfvm‡`i g‡b fq GB †h, AšÍ¨R †kÖwY ZLb Avi eªvþY‡`i gvb‡e bv, wb‡R‡`i Aw¯Í‡Z¡i f‡qi Kvi‡YI Zviv Kwe‡K kvw¯Í w`‡Z D‡`¨vMx n‡q I‡Vb| Jcb¨vwmK †hfv‡e welqwU Dc¯’vcb nq Ñ ÔBZi †RZ gv_vq Po‡e, AagRvZ †evj‡e Avgv‡`i mgv‡Ri gvbyl hw` cuyw_ cvÂvjx wj‡L Zvn‡j Avgv‡`i †P‡q †Zvgiv eo wK‡m? B †_‡K me©bvk n‡e nwik ivqv, cÖRv Z¨vLb ivRv PvB‡e| wZIi †KIU †eemv Ki‡Z hv‡e, nvoxgywP cvÂvjx wjL‡Z hv‡e, mgv‡Ri †m 52 gnvme©bvk n‡e †n!Õ GBme Awf‡hvM Avi AwePv‡ii weiæ‡× gnv‡k¦Zv `uvo Kivb Zuvi bvqK‡K| Kwe e›`¨NUxi wØZxq Rb¥‡K Jcb¨vwmK gvby‡li gvbweKZv Ges †kÖwYKi‡Yi weiæ‡× D”PvwiZ K‡i †Zv‡jb| Pzqvo mgvR †_‡K Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT nIqvi R‡b¨ Zuv‡K A‡bK c_ nuvU‡Z n‡q‡Q| †MvôxcwZi fvB‡cv Kjnb‡K KZ ew¼g, wcQj c_ †nu‡U Avm‡Z n‡q‡Q| ewÎk bvwoi euvab Lyj‡Z KZ Kó Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q, Zv‡K †KD Rv‡b bv| Gme Kó †cwi‡qB †m Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT n‡qwQj; wKš‘ Zvi †m-hy‡×i †kl nq bv| Ggb Kwe‡`i hy×, ew¼g c_ †mwjbv †nv‡mb bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb Dcb¨v‡m †`wL‡qwQ‡jb, Kvýycv` Avi fymyKzi gv‡S| Ô¯^RvwZi Pvgov-†cvov MÜ cÖvYf‡i ey‡K †U‡b †nv †nv K‡i †n‡m I‡V 53 fymyK, Kvwýjv GI AvwR fymyKz ev½vjx fBjx|Õ GgbwK wLªóxq †lvok kZvãx‡Z wjwLZ gyKz›`ivg PµeZx©i PÐxg½j Kv‡e¨ e¨va Kvj‡KZz wb‡Ri m¤^‡Ü GB cÖKvi cwiPq w`‡qwQj Ñ AwZ bxP Kz‡j Rb¥ RvwZ‡Z †Pvqvo| 54 †Kn bv cik K‡i †jv‡K e‡j ivp| wKš‘ gnv‡k¦Zvi Kwe e›`¨NUx ¯^RvwZ‡K Z¨vM K‡i, bZzb Rb¥ †bq| ZvB ivR`iev‡ii GKRb Kwei AvZ¥c¶ we‡kølY n‡q I‡V Gfv‡eB Ñ nu¨v, GKw`b Avwg I‡`i Kj&nb wQjvg| fze‡b Avgvi ¯’vb LuyR‡Z hvB †ev‡j P‡j G‡mwQjvg| wKš‘ Avwg gvby‡li mgv‡R †Kvb †`v‡l †`vlx njvg †mBwU †evj gnvivR|... †Zvgiv hZ ïav‡j bvg †evj, avg †evj, wcwËcyiæ‡li cwiPq †evj, Avwg †evwj bvB G bv‡g Avgv‡K Afqv cvÂvjx iP‡Z n‡e, Zv we‡b Avgvi gyw³ bvB?... wg_¨v Avwg †evwj bvB †n ivRv| Avwg Rb¥m~‡Î eªvþY bB †ev‡j †`ex wg_¨v? ¯^cœv‡`k wg_¨v? Avgvi Afqvg½j wg_¨v?... Avwg Z‡e Avcbv‡`i mevB‡K ïavB, Rb¥ cuv‡K n‡j gvbyl cuv‡K c‡o _vK‡e?... ˆc‡Z civ‡j †Zvgvi †cŠ‡Îi wØZxq Rb¥ nq †m wØR nq| wØR †m-B hvi `yevi Rb¥ nq| cvL&-c¶x‡K, bvM-bvwMbx‡K Z †Zvgiv cÖ_‡g wWg n‡q Rb¥vq †ev‡j `yl bv? gy³v‡K ïavI bv Av‡M †Kb wSbyK n‡q Rb¥vwj? Avwg Pzqvo bB, Avwg Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwT, Afqv‡meK, G cwiPq Avgvi wØZxq Rb¥, †mwU wK †Zvgiv †K‡o wb‡Z cvi?... abRb gvw½ bvB †n! Ab¨ R‡b¥


hve, Ab¨iKg ne, †mB AvKv•¶vq Avwg fxgv`‡j Avwm| ...gvZseypv, Zzgv‡`i D mgv‡R Avwg wd‡i¨ †h‡Z jvie|... weavZv Avgvq Pzqvo‡`i KzY‡Ki gv‡c M‡o bvB,... †Zvgv‡`i KzY‡Ki gv‡c M‡p bvB| ZLb g‡b Rvbjvg Avgvi gZ gvbylB mg‡q Avm‡e †n iv‡Rv! me‡P‡q gvbyl 55 mZ¨, B K_v ïb bvB? gvbeZvi c‡¶ eyw×`xß hyw³ LЇbi ciI Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi gyw³ †g‡j bv| Jcb¨vwmK Kwei cÖwZ wbôzi n‡jI ZrKvjxb mgvRe¨e¯’vi ¯^”QZv eRvq †i‡LwQ‡jb ejv hvq| fxgv`‡ji gvbylR‡bi †h-wPÎ Avgiv cvB, Zvi wKQy D`vniY wb‡gœ Dc¯’vcb Kiv nj Ñ mK‡j Djøv‡m Aw¯’i n‡q D‡VwQj| gvbyl, hZ `yt‡L, hZ `yie¯’vq _vKzK bv †Kb, Ac‡ii wbh©vZb †`‡L wb‡Ri Ae¯’v fz‡j hvq| Db¥y³ ivRc‡_ Acivaxi gyЇ”Q` †`L‡Z mevB e‡ov fvjev‡m| Kvjxc~Rvi kZvwaK gwnl ewji exfrmZv †`‡L Djøv‡m bv‡P| ZvB †Pvqvo evj‡Ki AvZ©bv‡` †KDB wePwjZ nqwb| ei Avb›` K‡i e‡jwQj ÔARb¥vi m‡bÕ KZRb bv †L‡T g‡i¨, Zz †eUv m‡M¨ 56 †h‡T DVwe, wPjøvm †Kbx? Ggb wbôziZv‡K GB mgv‡Ri gvbyl GZ mn‡R ms¯‹v‡i †eu‡a wb‡q‡Q| Kwe‡Pv‡L G-mgv‡Ri gvby‡li †h-wPÎ gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Zz‡j a‡ib Ñ wZwb †`L‡jb mfvi gvbyl mevB wb‡e©va, wbwe©Kvi| Zviv ïay †ev‡S k~‡`ªi G‡Zve‡ov ¯úa©v? Gi kvw¯Í w`‡ZB n‡e| †`L‡jb G‡`i Kv‡Q Kwei Kve¨, †cÖwg‡Ki †cÖg, wKQyB wKQy bv| Giv me wKQy †_‡K ZvgvkvUzKz †e‡Q †bq| Kwe hLb Kve¨ wjL‡jb Zv‡ZI Giv gRv †cj| Kwei cÖvY`Ð nq, Zv‡ZI Giv gRv cv‡e| Kwe Avi dzjøivi †cÖg, Zv †`‡LI Giv gRv †cZ| †mB †cÖg †h ay‡jvq jy‡Uvq, Zv‡ZI Giv gRv cv‡e| GB me gvbyl‡KB wZwb Zuvi Kv‡e¨ Agi 57 K‡i‡Qb! GB me wb‡e©va, ee©i, AÁ gvbyl‡K? GB wb‡e©va Avi ee©i RvwZi K_v Kwe Afqvg½‡j wj‡L‡Qb| wKš‘ wb‡Ri RvwZi K_v †j‡Lbwb, GB bv †jLvi †cQ‡bI †jLK Dc¯’vcb K‡ib wKQy ms¯‹v‡ii wPÎ| hw`I GivB †kl ch©šÍ Kwe‡K wKse`wšÍ K‡i †Zv‡j, Kwei wØZxq Rb¥ †`q wKš‘ Zv Kwe †`L‡Z ev ïb‡Z cvq bv| †m wel‡q hvIqvi Av‡M Pzqvo I fxgv`j iv‡R¨i Av‡iv wKQy welq Dcb¨v‡mi wbg©g cwiYwZi m‡½ hy³ nq| cÖ_gZ Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi GB ¯^RvwZ weivM n‡qI wfbœ GK wPÎ gnv‡k¦Zv Avgv‡`i Rvbvb| Dcb¨v‡mi fvlvq Ñ Ô`yt¯^cœ †`‡L Qz‡U wM‡qwQ‡jb, ¸Yv Avwq‡K †`‡L †Nbœv K‡iwQ‡jb| GLb eyS‡Z cvi‡Qb ¸Yv Zuv‡K PzqvoRxe‡bi K_v Anin g‡b Kwi‡q w`Z ZvB GB †Nbœv| wKsev †Nbœvi QÙ‡e‡k †m GK cÖej AvKl©Y| i‡³i AvKl©Y| ¸Yv Pzqvo RvZxqv eywo, wZwbI Rv‡Z Pzqvo| Z‡e wK fxgv`j bMix‡Z ¸YvB Zuvi me‡P‡q 58 Kv‡Qi gvbyl wQj?Õ †hw`b `yt¯^cœ †`‡L Kwe †cÖwgKv dzjøivi Kv‡Q Qy‡U †Mj, †mw`b Jcb¨vwmK Kwei m‡½ ¸Yvi mv¶vr NwU‡q‡Qb, Zv AvwZ¥K Uvb ˆZwii GKUv cÖ‡Póv ejv hvq| wKš‘ GB mgv‡R Pzqvo igYx DccZœx ivLv hvq wKš‘ Pzqvo hye‡Ki m‡½ eªvþ‡Yi Kb¨vi we‡q †`Iqv m¤¢e bq| ¸Yvi g‡b cÖkœ RvM‡jI GB ey‡ov eq‡m †m- AvkÖq nviv‡Z Pvq bv, ZvB †m Kwe‡K fxlY Awfm¤úvZ †`q| Dcb¨v‡m bvix‡`i †h-wPÎ Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB Zv‡Z ¸Yvi

GB g‡bvfw½ Ae©vPxb bq| †h-mgv‡R ¯^vgx‡`i DccZœx ivLvi e¨e¯’v Av‡Q, †mB mgv‡R bvixiv ¯^vgx‡K N‡i ivL‡Z Zš¿g‡š¿i AvkÖq †bq| gvaevPv‡h©i g‡Zv ¶gZvai †jv‡Ki ¯¿x‡K DccZœx ¸Yv‡K fq †c‡Z †`Lv hvq, Avevi †mB dzjøivi gv‡K ej‡Z †kvbv hvq Ñ †Q‡jiv †ev‡j gv! `yó Miæ Avi `yó eD GKB K_v| Zvwo‡q bv w`‡j kvwšÍ bvB| Avwg ejjvg evev mKj! Iwk Qvo‡Z †`‡LQ, Gevi iwk Uvb‡Z `vI| Zv‡ZI hw` bv ïaivq Z‡e Svo– †g‡i we‡`q Ki¨ evc mKj|... Pzj bv ev܇j gviZvg, †Q‡j Kuv`v‡j gviZvg, evm‡b Rj _vK‡j gviZvg! †g‡i †g‡i e¾v‡Zi RvZ‡K gy‡Vvq G‡bwQ †evb! GLb †`L †h‡q¨? iv‡Ü, †Q‡j †`‡L, avb fv‡b, Ni wb‡Kvq, ewo †`q, Nuy‡U †Mvei K‡i... Avgvi N‡i †evb! wZb wZbUv †gq¨v! we‡q¨ Kwi‡qwQ, RvgvB †bq bv| Zviv Avgvi Mjv‡ZB _v‡K! wKš‘ N‡ii KzUv Zv‡`i cv w`‡q 59 jvo‡Z w`B bv †evb| eD _vK‡Z wS LvU‡e †Kbx †evj? †hB mgv‡R bvixivB bvix‡`i wbh©vZb K‡i, mgvR bvixi Rxeb‡K †h-MwÐi g‡a¨ Ave× K‡i Zv mvgvwRK Rxe‡bi A½ n‡q hvq| †mB mgv‡R ¸Yv eywoi Ae¯’vb †_‡K Kwei c‡¶ hvIqv m¤¢e bq| mgvRcwZ ev mgv‡Ri gv_v †Zv †mB cyiælB, bvix‡K ¯^RvwZ mnvbyfeZvi evB‡i ivL‡Z cvi‡j †mB cyiæ‡liB Rq wbwðZ nq| Avi †mB Ave„‡ËB Dcb¨v‡m g~jZ ms¯‹v‡ii Rq nq ejv hvq| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Kwe e›`¨NUx‡K ivRKwe Ges eªvþY K‡i Zzj‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| wZwb ga¨hy‡Mi Kv‡e¨i Øviv cÖfvweZ n‡q KwemËvi ¯^iƒc Zz‡j ai‡Z †P‡q‡Qb| ga¨hy‡Mi PÐxg½‡ji GK Kvwnwb‡Z †`ex e¨va Kvj‡KZz‡K ivRwmsnvmb w`‡q‡Qb| Jcb¨vwm‡Ki wPšÍvi †LvivK †h g½jKve¨ †_‡K G‡m‡Q, Zv c~‡e©B DwjøwLZ| Avgiv KvwnwbwP‡ÎI hvi Qvqv Lyu‡R G-ch©šÍ G‡mwQ| ga¨hy‡Mi Kv‡e¨i cÖfv‡e bvix-cyiæ‡li †cÖ‡gi ˆewPΨ wP·Y gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Zrci nb GB Dcb¨vmwU‡Z| Kwe dzjøiv‡K wPšÍv K‡i Afqvg½‡j myjfv PwiÎ wbg©vY K‡ib| myjfv‡K ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb dzjøivi Qvqvq| gvbmKb¨v Avi †cÖwgKv GKvKvi n‡q hvq Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Kv‡Q| Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq Zuvi Kwe MÖ‡š’ Kwe wbZvBPiY‡K VvKziwSi Qvqvq c` iPbv Kwi‡q‡Qb| Kwe‡`i †cÖg Avi m„wói m‡½ †hb GK A`„k¨ †mZz Dcb¨v‡m evievi wd‡i Av‡m| †hgb fxlY `yt¯^cœ †`‡L Kwe e›`¨NUx dzjøivi Kv‡Q Qy‡U hvb, †Zgwb bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb Dcb¨v‡m Kvýycv` ivR`ievi †_‡K AcgvwbZ n‡q Qy‡U hvb †cÖwgKv †Wvw¤^i Kv‡Q| wbZvBPiY Qy‡U hvb VvKziwSi Kv‡Q, em‡šÍi Kv‡Q| GLv‡b Jcb¨vwmK‡K Kwei †PvL‡K wkwíZ K‡i †cÖwgKvi iƒc eY©bv ev †cÖ‡gi Db¥ËZv wPwÎZ Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex †hfv‡e wkwíZ K‡i Kwei †Pv‡L dzjøivi PwiÎ Dc¯’vcb K‡ib Ñ †`qv‡ji Mv‡q †njvb w`‡q dzjøiv †`egw›`‡i B‡Ui Mv‡q †Lvw`Z †Kv‡bv wKbœix-g~wZ©i g‡Zv `uvwo‡qwQj| Zvi cv‡q wZbjniv b~cyi, ci‡bi kvwo Mvp jvj, i‡³i g‡Zv, †hb Kvgbvi cÖùzU Kzmyg, †h Kzmyg emšÍ mgvM‡g wbj©¾ cÖmva‡bi ågi‡`i AvnŸvb K‡i| Zvi Mv‡q KuvPzwj, ci‡b iZœvj¼vi| cÖevj, gy³v I giKZgwYi AwZ wewPÎ Aj¼vi, Zvi Dci GKQov Revdz‡ji gvjv| cÖwZwU Aj¼v‡ii ga¨gwY‡Z GK mKzÐjx bvM-LwPZ| dzjøiv‡K †`‡L Kwei

25


g‡b nj †gvnbx‡e‡k ¯^qs gbmv G-iv‡Î gvaevPv‡h©i N‡i Dcw¯’Z, †hb †Kv‡bv mva‡Ki a¨v‡b Zzó n‡q ei`v‡bi 60 B”Qvq `uvwo‡q| GLv‡b †jLK Zuvi Kwei †PvL‡K wkwíZ Ki‡Z wM‡q AvL¨vb †_‡K m‡i hvbwb, eis †cÖ¶vcU‡K Av‡iv ¯úó K‡i †Zv‡jb Dcgv e¨env‡ii gva¨‡g| dzjøivi iƒ‡ci eY©bvq wKbœix-g~wZ© I gbmvi m‡½ Zzjbxq K‡i gnv‡k¦Zv ZrKvjxb †`e-†`exi wek¦v‡mi ev¯ÍeZv Zz‡j Av‡bb, †Zgwb Kwei ˆewk‡ó¨ wewkó n‡q †`Lv †`q Kwe e›`¨NUxi gvbmRMr| †hgb Ñ Avgiv Kwe myKvšÍ fÆvPv‡h©i (1926-47) K‡É Puv`‡K Kve¨ n‡q DV‡Z †`wL Sjmv‡bv iæwU n‡q, †mB Kwei Kwe‡Z¡ Kwe e›`¨NUxi gv‡SI dzjøivi iƒ‡ci eY©bvq web¨¯Í n‡q I‡V| wKš‘ gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi dzjøiv †kl ch©šÍ Kwe e›`¨NUxi gvbmKb¨v myjfv n‡q DV‡Z cv‡i bv| G-cÖm‡½ my‡`òv PµeZx©i cÖeÜ †_‡K we‡klfv‡e D‡jøL¨ Ñ †lvok kZvãxi evsjv Kve¨RM‡Z wfbœ eM© I e‡Y©i bvix- cyiæ‡li g‡a¨ †cÖg, Aby‡jvg ev cÖwZ‡jvg wgjb weij wQj bv| ˆeòe c`vejxi iPwqZv PÐx`vm I Zuvi m¤^‡Ü bvbv wKse`wšÍi cÖm½ Dcb¨v‡m GKvwaKevi †`Lv w`‡q‡Q| ivRwKbx ivgxi m‡½ Kwei †cÖg, Kwei g„Zz¨`Ð| Gw`K †_‡K wZwb e›`¨NUxi m‡½ Zzjbxq| ˆggbwms MxwZKvq †`wL, Rwg`v‡ii †Q‡j b‡`i Puv` Avi †e‡`bx gûqv, ivRcyÎ Avi †avcvi †g‡q KvÂbgvjv, (iRwKbx ivgxi gZ) Rwg`vicyÎ k¨vg ivq Avi †Wvgbx, ivRKb¨v iƒcgZx Avi ivRevwoi GK f„Z¨, Avi GK ivRKb¨v Avi Auvav euay, AÜ MvqK| Gme Kvwnwbi cwiYwZ gg©vwšÍK, 61 wKš‘ †cÖ‡gi gh©v`v ¶zYœ nqwb| Kve¨ Avi ev¯ÍeNwbô n‡q IVv Dcb¨v‡mi cv_©K¨ †hb GUv| dzjøiv †kl ch©šÍ myjfv n‡q Kwe‡K mvov w`‡Z cv‡iwb| hw`I †m Kwe‡K mwZ¨ fv‡jv‡e‡mwQj, †ivgvw›UK ¯^‡cœ Av”Qbœ n‡qwQj| GgbwK Kwei wePviKvh© Pjvi mgqI †m †Mvc‡b nwik ivqvi m‡½ †`Lv K‡i‡Q Kwei gyw³i Rb¨| wKš‘ Avqiwb n‡jI mwZ¨ †h, †kl ch©šÍ Kwe hLb cvwj‡q dzjøivi Kv‡Q Qy‡U G‡jv ZLb †cÖ‡gi †P‡q eªvþYKb¨vi ms¯‹vi eo n‡q I‡V| wb`viæY wbôzi fw½‡Z, K‡Vvi fvlvq wZwb Kwe‡K cÖZ¨vL¨vb Ki‡jb, Ô†RZ 62 fuvwo‡q G‡mwQwj, Pzqvo|Õ fqsKi †mB D”Pvi‡Y †cÖ‡gi †P‡q ms¯‹vi Rqx n‡q hvq| wKš‘ GLv‡bB dzjøivi meUzKz ¯^iƒc D‡b¥vPb K‡ib bv gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex| ci¶‡YB dzjøiv, Ôgv †Muv wK ejjvg, e‡j †g‡S‡Z g~Q©v 63 hvq|Õ Zvi gv‡b AbyZß GK ¯^i Jcb¨vwmK dzwU‡q †Zv‡jb| G‡¶‡Î Avgv‡`i iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii (1861-1941) weL¨vZ †QvUMí Ôiweev‡iÕi (Avwk¦b, 1343) K_v Zzjbxq n‡q I‡V| Ôiweev‡iÕi AfxK Avi wefvi †cÖ‡gi †fZ‡ii cÖavb †`qvjwUB wQj GB ms¯‹vi| AfxK bvw¯ÍK, wKš‘ AfxK we‡jZ hvIqvi Av‡M †h-wPwV w`‡q hvq wefv‡K, Zv cvV K‡i wefvi g‡bI Ggb AbyZß fv‡ei cÖKvk NwU‡qwQ‡jb iex›`ªbv_| Bw½Z wQj AfxK wd‡i G‡j Zv‡K †g‡b †bIqvi| wKš‘ gnv‡k¦Zvi Dcb¨v‡m GB ms¯‹viv”Qbœ K_vwU nv‡Zi Zx‡ii g‡Zv Kwei ey‡K wM‡q jv‡M| hw`I dzjøiv myjfv n‡q DV‡jI Kwei fvM¨ cwieZ©b n‡Zv bv ejv hvq, KviY mgvRe¨e¯’vi Kv‡Q Kwei civRq nZ| Kwe Afqvi R½‡j Qy‡U wM‡qI AvkÖq cvbwb †`ex Afqvi Kv‡Q|

26

wKš‘ Zey dzjøiv hw` myjfv n‡q DVZ Z‡e Dcb¨v‡m †cÖ‡gi Rq †`Lv‡bv †hZ, hw`I Zv QvovB GB Kvwnwb fxgv`‡j wKse`wšÍ‡Z iƒc †bq, Kwe Avi dzjøvi †cÖg, hw` GUv mwZ¨ †h Kwe Zvi gvbm †cÖg Avi wkím„ó †cÖ‡gi †`ex Kv‡iv Kv‡QB AvkÖq cvqwb| ZvB nq †Zv †MvjKïuwo AvR †m-AvL¨vb ej‡Z _v‡K, Zv‡Z GB †cÖg †ek ¸iæ‡Z¡i m‡½ Dc¯’vwcZ nq| AcÖvwß kw³ cÖvwßi †P‡q cÖKU, †cÖ‡g G-K_vi Rq mvwn‡Z¨ mvivwe‡k¦B mZ¨ n‡q Av‡Q| †mBfv‡e Kwei m‡½ dzjøivi †cÖg Agi n‡q fxgv`‡j Kw_Z Av‡Q GL‡bv| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU e¨wZµgxfv‡e dzwU‡q †Zv‡jb Pwi·K ev¯ÍeZvi gy‡LvgywL `uvo Kwi‡q| †hLv‡b dzjøivi iƒ‡ci eY©bvi cv‡k Dc¯’vcb K‡ib KzrwmZ ¸Yvi iƒc‡K k¥kv‡bi †cÖwZwbi g‡Zv fqsKi iƒ‡c| Dcb¨v‡m †jwLKv D‡Ïk¨g~jKfv‡e Kwei wØZxq Rb¥‡K cÖkœwe× Ki‡Z ev d¨v›Uvwmi RM‡Zi m‡½ cvkvcvwk ev¯ÍeZvi `„k¨Kí wbwg©Z K‡i AvL¨vb‡KB †mLv‡b e¨wZµgx K‡i †Zv‡jb| Dcb¨v‡mi fvlvq Ñ 1. G Kwj‡Z gvby‡li Avi †`ex‡Z wek¦vm †bB, †cÖwgKiv †`n-¯ú‡k©B †m bZzb ej cvq| gvbyl GLb µ‡gB †`eZv †Q‡o, AbvqË A‡jŠwKK †Q‡o gvwUi w`‡K avq, gvwUi 64 w`‡K hvq| 2. g‡bi †Pv‡L cvjKvc¨ gywb Avi c„w_exi †mB Avw`g nvwZi `j‡K †`L‡Z Kwe Avi Zuvi i³gvsm †Ku‡c †Ku‡c I‡V| I‡`i K_v wZwb wj‡Lb wb, A_P I‡`i K_vB †jLv 65 DwPZ wQj| f‚wgeZx© wPšÍvq AvewZ©Z K‡ib Dcb¨v‡mi AvL¨vb‡K, AvL¨vbm„ó Kwe‡K| GK wfbœ e¨vL¨vq Dcw¯’Z nq Kwe, †h-Kwe wØZxq Rb¥ wb‡Z ¯^-RvwZ †Q‡o G‡m‡Q| †h-Kwei fvlvq gnv‡k¦Zv Zz‡j w`‡q‡Qb †hb A‡gvN GK mZ¨evYx ÔKz_vI ¶gv bvBÕ, Kwe wbõj †¶v‡f ej‡jb| bM‡i Zvi ¶gv nqwb, wZwb Ô†hvM¨Zv hvi c„w_ex 66 ZviÕ GB g‡b K‡i bZzb Rxeb LuyR‡Z wM‡qwQ‡jb|Õ gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Dcb¨vmm„ó Kwei gv‡S GB ˆØZmËvi RvMiY cvVK‡K bZzb fvebvi †LvivK †RvMvq| †hLv‡b M‡M©i g‡Zv ÔKsm ivRvÕ, nwik ivqvi g‡Zv wbg©g wb`©q gvbylI e‡j, ¶gZv _vK‡j bv †g‡i R½‡j †L`v Ki‡Zb| ivRv wb‡R wbôzi wePvi Ki‡jI ivRvi weKí wPšÍvi AeKvk NwU‡q‡Qb gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex| Dcb¨v‡mi fvlvq Ñ ÔAvZ©K‡É ej‡jb Ôhw` k~`ª n‡q gmxRxex n‡Z B‡”Q n‡qwQj Z‡e †evóg n‡j bv †Kb, Zv‡`i 67 mgvR †f`v‡f` bvB|Õ ivRvi K‡É Aby‡kvPbv wQj|Õ †hLv‡b fxgv`‡ji †jvKRb Kwe‡K cÖZ¨vL¨vb Ki‡Q, †mLv‡b wb`©q ivRv-gš¿xi g‡a¨ gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex GB †mœncÖeYZvi Avfvm w`‡q Kx †evSv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb, welqwU ZZUv ¯úó bq| Avgv‡`i G‡¶‡Î Aa¨vcK `v‡gv`i ag©`vm †Kvmvw¤^i (1907-66) wg_ A¨vÛ wiqvwjwU : ÷vwWR Bb w` di‡gkb Ad BwÛqvb KvjPvi MÖ‡š’ GKwU cÖm½ we‡klfv‡e ¯§Z©e¨ Ñ MxZv Ggb GK cvÐzwjwc hvi mnvqZvq †Kv‡bv wnsmv bv Qwo‡q eªvþY¨ e¨e¯’v AweK…Z ivLv hvq| kvmK †kÖwYi cQ›` n‡e bv Ggb wKQy mvgvwRK cybM©V‡bi D‡`¨vM, Aby‡cÖiYv I hv_v_©¨ GB MÖš’ †_‡K msMÖn Kiv hvq| MxZvq K…‡òi gyL w`‡qB eY©vkÖ‡gi c‡¶ mIqvj Kiv n‡q‡Q| K…ò e‡j‡Qb, Ôhviv Avgvi Kv‡Q AvkÖq cÖv_©bv K‡i, Zviv bvix, ˆek¨ I k~`ª‡`i gZ cvcx n‡jI... BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`|Õ


huviv mgv‡R kÖg`vb K‡i m¤ú` ˆZwi K‡ib, Rb¥m~‡ÎB 68 Zuv‡`i AeÁvZ †NvlYv Kiv n‡q‡Q| gnvfviZ I cyivY Dfq cvÐzwjwcB evievi cwiewZ©Z n‡q‡Q eªvþY¨ev` i¶vi LvwZ‡i Ges Zv †Kvb-†Kvb Avg‡j N‡U Ñ †Kvmvw¤^ Z_¨mg„×fv‡e Zv Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb| ga¨hy‡Mi †`e-†`ex-AvwkÖZ DcvL¨vb Ges eY©vkÖg a‡g©i †cÖ¶vc‡U gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Kwei fvM¨ wba©viY †h GgbB mvgvwRK AvL¨vq †cŠivwYK wePvi n‡q I‡V, Zv Avgiv Abyaveb Ki‡Z cvwi †Kvmvw¤^i K_v ¯§iY K‡i| Zey Gme wKQyi g‡a¨ w`‡q gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Kwe‡K cybR©b¥ w`‡q‡Qb ejv hvq| Z‡e Zuvi Kwe wbg©v‡Yi †¶‡Î †kÖwY‰elg¨‡Kw›`ªK mvgvwRK e„‡Ë Avw`evmx‡K †hgb †MvÎnxb K‡iB wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb, †Zgwb wZwb GKai‡bi †kÖwYKiYI K‡i‡Qb Dcb¨v‡mi PwiÎ wbe©vP‡bi †¶‡Î| †mB †MvÎnxb mgv‡Ri bvqK Kjnb‡K wZwb wb‡q‡Qb †mB †MvÎnxb, AiY¨evmx Avw`evmx Pzqvo‡`i ga¨ †_‡K n‡jI Zv‡`i †kÖô cyiælwUB wQj GB Kwe! Zvivk¼‡ii Kwe wbg©v‡Yi †¶‡ÎI Avgiv j¶ Kwi, wbkvPi evwnbxi cÖav‡bi fv‡Mœ, A_©vr †Wvg mgv‡Ri ¶gZvevb Ni †_‡KB wZwb Kwe wbZvBPiY‡K wbe©vPb K‡i‡Qb| †Zgwb gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTI Zv‡`i †MvÎnxb mgv‡Ri D”PeMx©q e¨w³ Kjnb‡K wba©viY K‡i‡Qb Kwe wbg©v‡Yi Rb¨| Dcb¨vm †_‡K D`vniY †`Iqv †h‡Z cv‡i Ñ ÔDi Zzj¨ 69 cyiæl mgv‡R jvB, DwU‡K `vI Avgiv ivRv Kie|Õ GB †¶‡Î Jcb¨vwmK gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Avw`evmx mgv‡Ri N‡ii †jvK n‡jI Dcb¨v‡mi PwiÎ wbe©vP‡bi †¶‡Î †nwRgwb †kÖwYi gvbwmKZvi Qvc †i‡LB MÖš’ iPbv K‡i‡Qb ejv hvq; Ges †MvÎnxb RvwZi D”Pe‡M©i gvbyl Kjnb‡K Kwe wewbg©vY K‡ib †jLK Ges Avgv‡`i eY©vkÖg mgv‡Ri gvby‡li Kv‡Q Zv‡K wKse`wšÍi bvqK evbv‡Z mg_© nb| Dcb¨v‡m fxgv`‡ji gvby‡li g‡a¨ GB wek¦vm R‡b¥ †h, Kwe I dzjøivi gvqvi RM‡Z wgjb n‡q‡Q| Dcb¨v‡mi MíK_K †MvjKïuwoi Kv‡QB Kwe e›`¨NUx `yB iƒ‡c Dcw¯’Z nq| Dcb¨v‡mi fvlvq welqwU Dc¯’vwcZ n‡j Zv mn‡RB Zzjbxq n‡q DV‡e Ñ GK el© n‡Z hvq wKQy Kvj nq, GgbB GK el©vi mg‡q, †MvjKïuwoLvbvi m¤§yL ev‡U G‡m GK `wi`ª, c_Pvix hyeK G‡m Ôfxgv`‡j AbœmÎ bvB?Õ wRÁvmv K‡iwQj| hye‡Ki ïK‡bv gyL †`‡L †Mvj‡Ki `qv n‡qwQj| †m wb‡R Wve †K‡U G‡b †`q I bvi‡KjLÐ, evZvmv †c‡q †m hyeK †MvMÖv‡m †L‡qwQj| hye‡Ki †Pnviv ewjô, wKš‘ iæ¶ Pzj¸wj †Kvb kvwbZ A‡¯¿I mvnv‡h¨ †Q`b Kiv, ZvB Amgvb †`Lvq| hye‡Ki cv‡qi †Mvovwj‡Z GKwU e‡ov ¶Z wQj| †MvjK †m `~e©vNvm †Qu‡P i‡mi cÖ‡jc w`‡qwQj| ZLb Zvi mšÍvb m‡e g‡i‡Q, ZvB eq‡mi †Q‡j 70 †`L‡j Zvi ggZv n‡Zv| GB n‡”Q fxgv`‡j AvMš‘K Kwe e›`¨NUxi cÖ_g `k©‡b †Mvj‡Ki fvebvq Jcb¨vwm‡Ki PwiÎ Dc¯’vcb ¶zavZ©, weaŸ¯Í GK hyeK wn‡m‡e, GLv‡b Kwei Dc¯’vcb N‡U‡Q| wKš‘ GZw`b ev‡` S‡oi iv‡Z KznK n‡q †Mvj‡Ki ïuwoLvbvq GKUv jvwVi †Luv‡R Dcw¯’Z nIqv Kwei eY©bv †hb wKse`wšÍi †Kv‡bv bvqK| GB cÖm‡½ †jLK †hfv‡e Kwe‡K Dc¯’vcb K‡ib Zv Ñ ÔAvwg Kwe ewU †n, Kwe e›`¨NUxÕ... hye‡Ki KÉ ïK‡bv, iæ¶, M¤¢xi ÔAvwg eo Kz-¯^cœ †`Ljvg|Õ ej‡Z ej‡Z hyeK Ab¨gb¯‹ n‡jb| DbœZ kixi| hZ `xNj ZZ †`Lvq

bv, †Kbbv wZwb wmsn¯‹Ü, Kwe AwZwi³ PIov| ZiæY kvjMv‡Qi g‡Zv mej I m‡ZR †Pnviv| Nb Kv‡jv, mvgvb¨ †XD-†Ljv‡bv Pzj Kuv‡a Qov‡bv| †jvKkÖæwZ, †MŠiv½ beØxcjxjvi †ZgbB Pzj ivL‡Zb I hyeK gv‡ÎB †mfv‡e Pzj cÖmvab K‡i| Kv‡b †mvbvi Kz›`j, Mjvq †mvbvi KwÉ| Mjv, nvZ, Kuv‡ai †cwk †`L‡j g‡b nq hyeK GKmgq wZivf¨vm K‡i‡Qb| ci‡bi eûg~j¨ PIov cvo weòzcix aywZ I Kuv‡a KvÂxcyig †ik‡gi DËixq †_‡K Rj Mwo‡q c‡o †Mvj‡Ki N‡ii †g‡S K`©gv³ n‡Z jvMj|... †MvjK GLb f‡q M‡Z©i †Ku‡Pv, cv`yKvi bx‡P wcó wcuc‡o, †Kbbv Zvi mvg‡b GLb Kwe eܨNUx MvwT `uvwo‡q| bMiKwe, ivRKwe, gvaevP‡h©i †g‡q dzjøivi evM&`Ë cÖYqx, ivRv 71 MM©ejø‡fi cig cÖxwZcvÎ Kwe| †MvjKïuwo hLb S‡oi iv‡Î bvbv Kvwnwb †kvbv‡Z e¨¯Í, ZLb Kwei GB Dcw¯’wZ GK wKse`wšÍi bvqKiƒ‡c| GB N‡U hvIqv Uª¨v‡RwWi bvq‡Ki Avwef©v‡ei †fZi w`‡q gnv‡k¦Zv †hgb Zuvi Dcb¨v‡mi g~j AvL¨v‡b P‡j hvb, †mB AvL¨vb ïiæB K‡ib Kwe‡K gvby‡li g‡b wØZxq R‡b¥i bvqK iƒcvq‡Yi gva¨‡g| m‡e©vcwi GKwU Kv‡ji AvL¨v‡b Kwe cÖZxK n‡q D‡V‡Q †hgb, †Zgwb Dcb¨vmwU †c‡q‡Q e¨wZµgx Dcvav| gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi fvlv¸‡Y Dcb¨v‡mi PwiÎiv A‡bKUvB RxešÍ| HwZnvwmK Dcb¨v‡mi †¶‡Î †cÖ¶vcU ˆZwi Kivi †h mgm¨v, Zvi g‡a¨ fvlv Ab¨Zg| gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex bv cy‡iv G-hy‡Mi fvlv, bv cy‡iv AZx‡Zi GKwU wgkÖY fvlvi gva¨‡g Dcb¨vmwU wbwg©Z K‡i †ek ˆewP‡Îi Qvc †d‡j‡Qb| Zv‡Z cvV‡Ki eyS‡ZI Amyweav n‡jv bv, Avevi AvL¨v‡bi Av‡g‡R †f‡m _vKj ga¨hy‡Mi AvenvIqv| fvlv, wg_ I BwZnv‡mi gva¨‡g †jŠwKK Rxebe„‡Ëi wPÎ wewbg©v‡Y e„nr mvgvwRK I †KŠg Rxe‡bi wP‡Îi mgvMg| †hŠbZv wgwkÖZ eviewbZv‡`i Dcw¯’wZ, `ywf©¶, Rxe‡bi Uvbvc‡o‡b gg©vwšÍK cwiYwZi ga¨ w`‡q Dcb¨v‡mi †kl nq| †mLv‡bB †hb Jcb¨vwm‡Ki mdjZv| G-K_v mZ¨, †`kxq AvL¨v‡bi †cÖ¶vcU‡K wewPÎZvi gva¨‡gB Zz‡j Avbv nj Kwei Rxeb‡Kw›`ªK NUbve„‡Ë| Dcb¨v‡mi welqe¯‘ n‡q †mB e„Ëe× Rxe‡bi DcvL¨vb iwPZ nj GK bZzb evZ©ve‡n, hv evsjv Dcb¨vm mvwn‡Z¨ AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi wkímËvi cÖKv‡ki gva¨‡g †kÖwYi Pwi‡Îi iƒc‡K Ab¨ GK Av‡jvq Dc¯’vwcZ n‡Z †`Lv †Mj, †hB Dcjwä †Kej fvZ-Kvc‡o †eu‡P _vKvi msMÖv‡gi bq, †h-msMÖvgB gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex Zuvi Avw`evmx Rxeb‡Kw›`ªK †ewkifvM Dcb¨v‡m gyL¨ K‡i †Zv‡jb, †mB Ae¯’v‡bi evB‡ii ¯^v‡` wbwg©Z G-AvL¨vb| Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨ Dcb¨vmwU ZvB wk‡íi bZzb ¯^v`hy³ Dcb¨v‡mi j¶¨ enb Ki‡Q|

Z_¨m~Î

1. k¤úv miKvi, ÔDj¸jv‡bi †kl bvB, weimvi giY bvBÕ, givj, Dcb¨vm cÖm½ msL¨v (m¤úv`bv : †nv‡mbDÏxb †nv‡mb), wØZxq el©, wØZxq msL¨v, AvM÷ 2009, XvKv, c„ 89| 2. myü`Kzgvi †fŠwgK, Avw`evmx‡`i fvlv I evOjv, gvivseyiæ †cÖm, KjKvZv, 1999, c„ 39| 3. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Ô†jL‡Ki K_vÕ, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, gnv‡k¦Zv †`exi iPbvmgMÖ, lô LÐ (m¤úv`bv : ARq ¸ß), †`ÕR cvewjwks, KjKvZv, b‡f¤^i 2002|

27


4. cÖv¸³, c„ 490| 5. mywegj wgkÖ, myweg‡ji weiæ‡× mywegj Ges D¯‹vwbg~jK A‡bKwKQzB, AvcvZfv‡e, evYxwkí, wW‡m¤^i 1988, c„ 79| 6. mygb mv¾v`, ÔDcb¨v‡mi ÔDbœqbÕ †`‡ek iv‡qi Dcb¨vmÕ cÖK…wZ, cÖvwšÍKZv I RvwZmËvi mvwnZ¨, Avengvb cÖKvkbx, 2011, c„ 43| 7. gjq ivq‡PŠayix, ÔDËi Jcwb‡ewkKZv ZË¡Õ, †cv÷K‡jvwbqvwjRg : DËi Jcwb‡ewkKZv (m¤úv`bv : mgxi ivq‡PŠayix), Kj¨vYx wcÖ›Uvm©, KjKvZv, 1996, c„ 20-58| 8. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Z¨z , c„ 103| 9. gvgyb Avi ikx`, ÔwbgœeM© wb‡q cÖv_wgK K_v, fviZxq mvwn‡Z¨ wbgœeM©Õ, evsjv Dcb¨v‡m wbgœeM©, ïׯ^i, XvKv, 2010, c„ 16| 10. ingvb RwR, ÔDËi AvaywbKZvev`Õ, wµwUK¨vj ZË¡wPšÍv, (m¤úv`bv : gvmD` Bgivb), gIjv eªv`vm©, XvKv, 2010, c„ 271| 11. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Ô†jL‡Ki K_vÕ, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, c„ 22| 12. cÖv¸³, c„ 490| 13. cÖv¸³, c„ 55| 14. AwmZKzgvi e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i m¤ú~Y© BwZe„Ë, gWvb© eyK G‡RwÝ cÖvB‡fU wjwg‡UW, KjKvZv, 1998-99, c„ 73-74| 15. iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi, ÔHwZnvwmK Dcb¨vmÕ, iex›`ª iPbvejx, PZz_© LÐ, myjf ms¯‹iY, wek¦fviZx, KjKvZv, cybgy`ª©Y 1406, c„ 687| 16. wewRZKzgvi `Ë, evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ HwZnvwmK Dcb¨vm, KjKvZv, 1393, c„ 8-9| 17. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Ô†jL‡Ki K_vÕ, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨| 18. cÖv¸³, c„ 22| 19. cÖv¸³, Ô†jL‡Ki K_vÕ| 20. Z‡cvaxi fÆvPvh©, ÔJcwb‡ewkK g~j¨‡eva : GKwU cÖ¯ÍvebvÕ, †cv÷K‡jvwbqvwjRg : DËi Jcwb‡ewkKZv, (m¤úv`bv : mgxi ivq‡PŠayix) Kj¨vYx wcÖ›Uvm©, KjKvZv, 1996, c„ 99| 21. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, ÔMÖš’cÖm½Õ, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, c„ 491| 22. †`‡ek ivq, ÔDcb¨v‡mi bZzb ai‡bi †Luv‡RÕ, Dcb¨v‡mi bZzb ai‡bi †Luv‡R, cÖ_g ewa©Z †`ÕR ms¯‹iY, †`ÕR cvewjwks, KjKvZv, c„ 16| 23. cÖv¸³, c„ 33| 24. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨| 25. cÖv¸³, c„ 24| 26. cÖv¸³, c„ 24| 27. cÖv¸³, c„ 2| 28. cÖv¸³, c„ 2| 29. cÖv¸³| 30. †Rv‡md K¨v¤ú‡ej, wg‡_i kw³, wej gqv‡m©i m‡½ K‡_vcK_b, (Abyev` : LvwjKz¾vgvb Bwjqvm), evsjv GKv‡Wwg, XvKv, 1995, c„ 27| 31. cÖv¸³, c„ 28| 32. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Z¨z , c„ 67| 33. cÖv¸³, c„ 67| 34. cÖv¸³, c„ 38|

28

35. cÖv¸³, c„ 38| 36. Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, Kwe, bvBg eyKm B›Uvib¨vkbvj, XvKv, 2008, c„ 7| 37. AwfwRr †mb, iû PÐv‡ji nvo, myeY©‡iLv, KjKvZv, Z…Zxq ms¯‹iY, 1407, c„ 71| 38. †mvgv gy‡Lvcva¨vq, ivpe‡½i †jvKgvZ…Kv, †jvKms¯‹…wZ I Avw`evmx ms¯‹…wZ †K›`ª, Z_¨ I ms¯‹…wZ wefvM, cwðge½ miKvi, 2004, c„ 22-23| 39. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, ÔMÖš’cÖm½Õ, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, c„ 494| 40. †cŠivwYK Awfavb, myaxiP›`ª miKvi-msKwjZ, Gg.wm. miKvi A¨vÛ mÝ cÖv. wj., KjKvZv, lô ms¯‹iY, 1404, c„ 76| 41. †¶Î ¸ß, ÔØv`k bqb : †jŠwKK-A‡jŠwKKÕ, †jvKm„wói b›`bZË¡, †jvKms¯‹…wZ M‡elYv cwil`, cwðge½, KjKvZv, 2002, c„ 88-89| 42. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, c„ 65| 43. cÖv¸³, c„ 26-27| 44. cÖv¸³, c„ 32| 45. cÖv¸³, c„ 86-87| 46. cÖv¸³, c„ 45| 47. †mwjbv †nv‡mb, bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb, HwZn¨ cÖKvk, XvKv, 2000, c„ 144| 48. Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, Kwe, c„ 112| 49. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, c„ 36| 50. cÖv¸³, c„ 57| 51. Zvivk¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, Kwe, c„ 20| 52. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, c„ 74| 53. †mwjbv †nv‡mb, bxj gq~‡ii †hŠeb, c„ 144| 54. cïcwZ gvnv‡Zv, ÔgyÐv MYmsMÖvgÕ, evsjvi `wjZ Av‡›`vj‡bi BwZe„Ë, (m¤úv`bv : wPË gÐj I cÖ_gv ivqgÐj) Abœc~Y©v cÖKvkbx, KjKvZv, 2003, c„ 91| 55. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, c„ 73-74| 56. cÖv¸³, c„ 45| 57. cÖv¸³, c„ 77| 58. cÖv¸³, c„ 80| 59. cÖv¸³, c„ 63| 60. cÖv¸³, c„ 46| 61. cÖv¸³, c„ 499| 62. cÖv¸³, c„ 91| 63. cÖv¸³, c„ 91| 64. cÖv¸³, c„ 46| 65. cÖv¸³, c„ 85| 66. cÖv¸³, c„ 102| 67. cÖv¸³, c„ 75| 68. k¨vgj PµeZx©, Ôwg_ A¨vÛ wiqvwjwU Ñ †Kvmvw¤^I mZK©evZ©vÕ, cwiPq, mgv‡jvPbv msL¨v, 1416, KjKvZv, c„ 34-35| 69. gnv‡k¦Zv †`ex, Kwe e›`¨NUx MvwTi Rxeb I g„Zz¨, c„ 69| 70. cÖv¸³, c„ 34| 71. cÖv¸³, c„ 31-32| r


Kwe mgi †mb I Zuvi Kwe-e¨w³Z¡ †mŠwfK †iRv

gv

by‡li e¨w³‡Z¡i MobUv e¨w³‡f‡` bvbviK‡gi| Avevi †mB e¨w³‡Z¡i †h-†Rv‡ii K_v Avgiv e‡j _vwK, †mwUI mevi mgvb bq| mgi †mb wQ‡jb †mB ai‡bi GKRb gvbyl, huvi †ejvq IB †RviUzKz bvbvfv‡e Abyfe Kiv †hZ| Avi †m-Kvi‡YB hLb wZwb KweZv wj‡L‡Qb, Zuvi cÖwZ cvVK-mgv‡jvPK gn‡j GKUv AvMÖn eRvq wQj; hLb wZwb Abyev` Ki‡Qb, M`¨ wjL‡Qb wKsev cwÎKv m¤úv`bv Ki‡Qb Ñ ZL‡bv †`wL, AvMÖ‡ni †mB †RiUv eRvq †_‡K‡Q| GgbwK, hLb wKQzB wjL‡Qb bv, †mB mg‡qI Zuvi Pvicv‡ki gvby‡li g‡a¨ wZwb GKUv m¤£g‡eva RvwM‡q Zzj‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb, e¨w³‡Z¡i †mB †Rv‡ii Uv‡bB| AvR‡K, Zuvi R‡b¥i GB †h kZel© cvwjZ n‡”Q hLb, ZL‡bv Avgiv mgi †m‡bi e¨w³‡Z¡i kw³i K_vB we‡klfv‡e ¯§iY Ki‡Z cvwi| `yB ejv hvq, eyׇ`e emyi nvZ a‡iB KweZvi RM‡Z cÖ‡ek K‡iwQ‡jb mgi †mb| Avgvi †hŠe‡b eyׇ`e Rvwb‡q‡Qb, ÔGK MÖx‡®§i mKv‡j Avgvi N‡i GKwU ÿxYv½ †Q‡j-cÖvq evjK, m‡e cv w`‡q‡Q †hŠe‡b Ñ Mv‡qi is nj‡`-†Nulv dm©v, †Vuv‡U †Muv‡di Qvqv, †Pv‡L Pkgv, Mv‡j GKwU eª‡Yi Ici GK †duvUv Pzb jvMv‡bv| wKQzgvÎ f‚wgKv bv K‡i ejj, Avwg Avcbvi ÔkvcåóÕ KweZvi GKwU Bs‡iwR K‡iwQ| Ñ Avcwb †`L‡eb?Õ Gfv‡eB

`yR‡bi g‡a¨ cwiP‡qi m~ÎcvZ; hv wKbv cieZx©Kv‡j Mfxi I `xN©¯’vqx nq| Ab¨w`‡K mgi †mbI GB NUbv m¤ú‡K© wj‡L‡Qb, Ô1934-G MÖx®§Kv‡j `viæY gg©‡e`bv †_‡K wb®‹…wZ cvevi Rb¨ GKevi mvnm K‡i †Mjvg eyׇ`e emyi evwo‡Z, fevbxcy‡i| Ôe›`xi e›`bvÕi K‡qKwU KweZvi Bs‡iwR Abyev` c‡o Lywk n‡q wR‡Ám Ki‡jb Avwg KweZv wjwL wKbv| K‡qKUv †jLv w`bK‡qK c‡i †`Lv‡Z, ej‡jb wbqwgZ Q‡›`i †Póv †Q‡o M`¨Q‡›` †h‡Z|Õ eyׇ`‡ei KweZv cwÎKvi cÖ_g msL¨v‡ZB (Avwk¦b 1342) mgi †m‡bi PviwU KweZv Qvcv nq Ñ ‘Amor stands upon you’ (Ômgi †m‡bi KweZvÕq hvi wk‡ivbvg ÔZzwg †hLv‡bB hvIÕ), Ôgyw³Õ, Ô¯§„wZÕ I Ô†cÖgÕ| GB KweZv¸‡jv‡Z †`wL Ggbme cO&w³, hv ZLbKvi w`‡b GKev‡iB Afvebxq| ÔZzwg †hLv‡bB hvI,/ †Kv‡bv PwKZ gyn~‡Z©i wbtkãZvq/ nVvr ïb‡Z cv‡e/ g„Zz¨i M¤¢xi, Aweivg cÖwZaŸwb|Õ wKsev Ôwnsmª cïi g‡Zv AÜKvi Gj Ñ ZLb cwð‡gi AvKvk i³Kiexi g‡Zv jvj : †m-AÜKvi gvwU‡Z Avbj †KZKxi MÜ,/ iv‡Îi Ajm ¯^cœ|Õ Avevi Gi cvkvcvwk †`L‡Z cvIqv wM‡qwQj ÔAvgvi i‡³ Lvwj †Zvgvi myi ev‡R|/ iæ×k¦vm KZ c_ cvi n‡q Gjvg, cvi n‡q GjvgÕ wKsev Ôwelv³ ¯^‡cœi g‡Zv Avgvi i‡³/ †Zvgv‡K cvevi evmbv|Õ mgi †m‡bi GB M`¨KweZv¸‡”Qi g‡a¨ eyׇ`e emy †`L‡Z †c‡qwQ‡jb Ôivexw›`ªK †ivgvw›UKZvi †mB †kl gayi †mŠi‡f-fiv `xN©k¦vmÕ| Ab¨w`‡K eyׇ`e emy‡K †jLv wPwV‡Z KweZv cwÎKvi

29


cÖ_g msL¨vi cÖksmv K‡i iex›`ªbv_ wj‡LwQ‡jb, Ô†Zvgv‡`i ÔKweZvÕ cwÎKv c‡o we‡kl Avb›` †c‡qwQ| Gi cÖvq cÖ‡Z¨K iPbvi g‡a¨B ˆewkó¨ Av‡Q| mvwnZ¨-ev‡ivqvwii `j-euvav †jLvi g‡Zv nqwb| e¨w³MZ ¯^vZš¿¨ wb‡q cvVK‡`i m‡½ Giv b~Zb cwiPq ¯’vcb K‡i‡Q|Õ ïay GBUzKz‡ZB _v‡gbwb iex›`ªbv_| KweZvi cÖvq me Kwe‡K a‡i-a‡i wb‡Ri g‡Zv K‡i gšÍe¨ K‡iwQ‡jb| `x‡bkP›`ª †m‡bi m‡½ eÜzZ¡ wKsev AiæY †m‡bi m‡½ †mœngvLv m¤úK© _vK‡jI ZL‡bv ch©šÍ wZwb Kwe ev e¨w³ mgi †mb‡K wPb‡Zb bv| Zuvi KweZv m¤ú‡K© wZwb e‡jwQ‡jb, Ômgi †m‡bi KweZv KqwU‡Z M‡`¨i iƒpZvi wfZi w`‡q Kv‡e¨i jveY¨ cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q| mvwn‡Z¨ Iui †jLv Uu¨vKmB n‡e e‡jB †eva n‡”Q|Õ Kx Am¤¢e iK‡gi d‡j-hvIqv fwel¨ØvYx! iex›`ªbv_ wK ZLb fve‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb, ZiæYZi GB Kwe Gi GKhyM c‡iB wb‡R‡K KweZv †_‡K `~‡i mwi‡q wb‡q hv‡e!

wZb

KweZvq M`¨Q‡›`B mgi †m‡bi cÖK…Z wenvi, Zuvi Kv‡e¨i cÖK…Z cÖKvk| c‡i Aek¨ Q‡›` wj‡L‡Qb, AšÍ¨wg‡jI wj‡L‡Qb| wKš‘ Zuvi Kve¨cwiP‡qi m‡½ GB M`¨Q›` G‡Kev‡i A½vw½fv‡e wg‡jwg‡k i‡q‡Q| Gi KviY wn‡m‡e wZwb eyׇ`e emyi civg‡k©i K_v Rvbv‡jI Zuvi wb‡Ri †fZ‡iI wK †mB Q‡›`i AbycÖvYbv †R‡M I‡Vwb? mgi †m‡bi wb‡Ri fv‡l¨B †Zv GiKg weeiY cvw”Q Ñ Ô†envjv †_‡K mKv‡j †ewi‡q wdiZvg A‡bK iv‡Z| evev †Kvb Lei ivL‡Zb bv| GgbI n‡q‡Q †h KjKvZvi evB‡i †ek wKQzw`b Ny‡i G‡mwQ, evev Rvb‡Z cv‡ibwb|... ZLb †hŠe‡bi bvbv AwfÁZvi d‡j KweZ¡kw³ cÖLi n‡q‡Q| KjKvZvq hvZvqv‡Zi mgq Uª¨v‡gi MwZQ›` nq‡Zv M`¨Q‡›`i g~‡j wQj|Õ k•L †Nvl g‡b K‡ib, ÔM‡`¨... †jL‡Ki †PZbv eB‡Z _v‡K nvRvi kvLv-cÖkvLvq, Zvi we¯Ívi cÖavbZ evB‡ii w`‡K| AšÍg©yLx welq‡KI M`¨ ai‡Z Pvq Zvi evB‡ii w`K D`&NvUb K‡i| KweZvq Av‡Q Gi Dj‡Uv Pjb| KweZv evB‡ii wek¦‡KI AvqË Ki‡Z Pvq wfZ‡ii w`‡K Nywi‡q wb‡q| GK-GKUv gyn~Z© Av‡m hLb Avgv‡`i eyw× Avi AwfÁZv, Avgv‡`i †evwa Avi †cÖiYv mg‡eZfv‡e msnZ nq †PZbvi GK K¤úgvb we›`y‡Z, ˆZwi nq †hb wkLvi g‡Zv `xc¨gvb GKwU †iLv, GB †iLvwU‡K web¨¯Í Ki‡Z cvivi g‡a¨B KweZviPbvi KiY‡KŠkj jy‡Kv‡bv| ZLb Zvi †h Aeqe ˆZwi nq Ñ Zvi Q›` Ges fvlv Ñ Zvi g‡a¨ cÖvq ¯úóZB †hb †`L‡Z cvIqv hvq GB K¤úb|Õ †h-web¨‡¯Íi g‡a¨ KweZvi KiY‡KŠkj, †mw`‡K †Lqvj †i‡LB iex›`ªbv‡_i g‡b n‡qwQj, ÔM`¨Q‡›`i ivR‡Z¡ AvcvZ`„wó‡Z †h ¯^vaxbZv Av‡Q, h_v_©fv‡e Zvi gh©v`v iÿv KwVb| e¯‘Z mKj †ÿ‡ÎB ¯^vaxbZvi `vwqZ¡cvjb `yiƒn|

30

evYxi wbcyY-wbqwš¿Z S¼v‡i †h †gvnm„wó K‡i Zvi mnvqZv A¯^xKvi K‡iI cvV‡Ki g‡b Kve¨im mÂvi Ki‡Z we‡kl Kjv‰ef‡ei cÖ‡qvRb jv‡M| e¯‘Z M‡`¨ c`¨Q‡›`i Kviæwkí †KŠk‡ji †eov †bB †`‡L Kjg‡K Abvqv‡m †`Šo Kivevi mvnm AevwiZ nevi Avk¼v Av‡Q|Õ mgi †m‡bi †ejvq †mB Avk¼v mwZ¨ †h nqwb Zvi KviY n‡”Q, mgi †m‡bi Kwe‡Z¡i mshg| gbb Ges Kíbvkw³‡K wZwb KL‡bvB jvMvgnxb n‡Z †`bwb| Avi Gi cvkvcvwk c`¨Q‡›`i wkí‡KŠkjwU Zuvi Avq‡Ëi g‡a¨B wQj| Av‡iv GKwU e¨vcviI GLv‡b KvR K‡i‡Q| a~R©wUcÖmv` gy‡Lvcva¨vq g‡b Ki‡Zb †h, wU.Gm. Gwjq‡Ui ÔWaste LandÕ evsjv AvaywbK KweZvi Rb¥¯’vb| †mwU †h G‡Kev‡i Ag~jK bq, mgi †m‡bi KweZvq, cÖe‡Ü, wPwV‡Z Zvi cÖgvY cvIqv hvq| weòz †` mn Ab¨‡`i K_v AvcvZZ ev` ivLwQ| Avi Gwjq‡Ui †mB weL¨vZ evYx mgi †m‡bi Kve¨mËvi Mfx‡i wM‡q AbeiZ wµqv K‡i‡Q †h, ÔPoetry is not a turning loose of emotion, but an escape from emotion; it is not the expression of personality, but an escape from personality.Õ Zuvi KweZvq Av‡iv †`L‡Z cvIqv hvq, eyׇ`e emy-Kw_Z Ôgy‡Li mnR fvlvi cvkvcvwk cÖvY-¯ú›`‡bi †RviÕ; †mB †Rv‡iB mgi †m‡bi KweZv GZUv cÖvYgq Avi †mB m‡½ g‡bvgq n‡q DV‡Z mg_© n‡qwQj| Zvi gv‡b `uvovq, mgi †m‡bi KweZvq e³‡e¨i m‡½-m‡½ fw½iI GKUv †Rvi wQj| †KvbwU Zvi Av`j, †Kgb Zvi c~Y©Zi iƒc †m-m¤ú‡K© k•L †Nvl e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔAeÿq, euvKv Avi M`¨Q‡›`i Kwe wn‡m‡e huvi mvaviY cwiPq, †mB mgi †m‡bi KweZvmsMÖnwU ïiæ n‡q‡Q ÔQ›`Õ Avi ÔmyiÕ GB `ywU kã w`‡q| eB‡q cÖ_g KweZvi bvg ÔwbtkãZvi Q›`Õ Avi wØZxqwU n‡jv ÔGKwU iv‡Îi myiÕ| `ywU wfbœ KweZv; wKš‘ GK wn‡m‡e `ywU‡K GKÎ K‡i wb‡j †hb ˆZwi n‡q I‡V c~Y©Zi GKwU †jLv|Õ mgi †m‡bi KweZvq GB ÔQ›`Õ Avi ÔmyiÕ Lye mn‡RB Luy‡R cvIqv hvq| †hgb †c‡qwQ‡jb iex›`ªbv_| Avi G‡KB wZwb e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔM‡`¨i iƒpZvi wfZi w`‡q Kv‡e¨i jveY¨ cÖKvkÕ| mgi †mb wb‡RI †hb wQ‡jb jve‡Y¨ c~Y©-GK-cÖvY|

Pvi

Rxe‡bi ïiæ †_‡KB cvVK-mgv‡jvP‡Ki AvbyK‚j¨ †c‡qwQ‡jb mgi †mb| Zuvi cÖ_g Kve¨ K‡qKwU KweZvq eyׇ`e emy †`‡LwQ‡jb, ÔmgKvjxb mvgvwRK I A_©‰bwZK Ae¯’v, Ges Kwei e¨w³MZ Rxeb|Õ †mBm‡½ wZwb AKc‡U †NvlYv Kivi g‡Zv K‡i e‡jwQ‡jb, Ô†h hy‡M wek¦vm Kiv mnR bq, Kwei c‡ÿ †mUv `ytmgq| eZ©gvb mg‡qi mskqv”Qbœ AÜKvi †h-ZiæY wPˇK Avweó K‡i‡Q, mgi †mb ZviB cÖwZwbwa|Õ cÖwZwbwa e‡jB Ô`~i

mgi †m‡bi KweZv m¤ú‡K© iex›`ªbv_ e‡jwQ‡jb, Ômgi †m‡bi KweZv KqwU‡Z M‡`¨i iƒpZvi wfZi w`‡q Kv‡e¨i jveY¨ cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q| mvwn‡Z¨ Iui †jLv Uu¨vKmB n‡e e‡jB †eva n‡”Q|Õ


mgy`ª n‡Z †f‡m Av‡m welYœ bvwe‡Ki MvbÕ wZwb ïb‡Z †c‡qwQ‡jb| Avevi eyׇ`e mgi †m‡bi KweZvq ÔGKwU ¯úk©KvZi my›`i †hŠeb‡KÕI †`L‡Z †c‡qwQ‡jb| †h-†hŠeb ïb‡Z cvq `yišÍ em‡šÍi Mvb| mgi †m‡bi KweZvq ÔevZv‡m dz‡ji MÜ Avi Kx‡mi nvnvKviÕ ï‡b weòz †`-i g‡b n‡qwQj Ñ Ômgi †m‡bi Kve¨‡jv‡Ki RjevqyI GKvšÍB KweZvi, iex›`ªbv‡_i KweZvi| iex›`ªbv‡_i we‡kl †Kv‡bv KweZvi bq, wKš‘ iex›`ªbv‡_i ARmª KweZv, Mvb I wjwcKv, kir, Avlvp BZ¨vw` bvbv †jLvi g‡a¨ w`‡q †`ke¨vcx †h-Aven †mB RjevqyB Zuvi mv_©K cUf‚wg|Õ wb‡Ri e³e¨‡K Av‡iKUz †Lvjvmv Ki‡Z wM‡q weòz †` e‡j‡Qb, Ômgi †m‡bi KweZv †h †Kv‡bv †jv‡KvËi k~‡b¨i Rxe bq, †mB‡UB Zuvi KxwZ©i m~Pbv| ZvB Zuvi Kv‡e¨ iex›`ªbv_-jvwjZ K¬všÍ KiæY welv` gûqv-e‡b, K…òP‚ovi Wv‡j-Wv‡j, Puv‡`i cvÐzi Av‡jvq, cvnv‡oi `~i bx‡j, kn‡ii G‡jv‡g‡jv Mwj‡Z, `~i w`M‡šÍ w¯’wZ cvq|Õ weòz †`-i g‡Z, Ô†mB w¯’wZ ¯^Kxq fvimvg¨ cvq Kwei wb‡Ri cÖ_g †hŠe‡bi ¯^vfvweK †`nweZ…òv Avi wdwj÷vBb kixi-me©¯^Zvi ؇›Ø AvZzi K¬všÍ Av‡e‡k Ges mgvR-Rxe‡bi gg©vwšÍK e¨_©Zv‡ev‡a|Õ fve‡Z fv‡jv jv‡M †h, eyׇ`e emy Avi weòz †`-i g‡a¨ hZB Kve¨MZ we‡iva _vKzK bv †Kb, `yR‡bB mgv‡jvPK wn‡m‡e, mgi †m‡bi Kv‡e¨ cÖKvwkZ e¨w³MZ Avi mgvRMZ e¨_©Zv‡eva‡K wPwýZ Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| Gw`K w`‡q a~R©wUcÖmv`I wcwQ‡q wQ‡jb bv| mgi †m‡bi Kve¨ we‡kølY K‡i wZwb GB wm×v‡šÍ DcbxZ n‡qwQ‡jb †h, ÔSamar Sen is an up-to-date representative poet. He needs to be progressive by informing himself with a sense of history. He has also yet to be symbolic. Still there is no doubt of his being a poet of a particular genre.Õ Z‡e GwUI ¯^xKvi Ki‡ZB

n‡e †h, G‡Kev‡i ïiæ †_‡K Ôwbw®Œq mgv‡Ri gyg~l©v‡KÕ mgi †mb ai‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| Gi R‡b¨ wb‡R‡KI wZwb e¨½ Ki‡Z Qv‡obwb| AvZ¥m‡PZbZvi RvqMv Zuvi g‡a¨ bvbvfv‡e ˆZwi nw”Qj| NwbôRb‡`i Kv‡Q †jLv wPwVc‡Î Ggb GKUv AvfvmI µgvMZB w`w”Q‡jb †h, †jLv‡jwL‡Z, we‡kl K‡i KweZvq wZwb Avi Drmvn cv‡”Qb bv|

cuvP

†mB Drmvn bv-cvIqvi KviY we‡kølY Ki‡Z wM‡q k•L †Nvl e‡jb, ÔAíw`bB KweZv wj‡LwQ‡jb mgi †mb| wKš‘ †mB Aí K‡qK eQ‡ii †jLv wVK GKB RvqMvq †_‡g _v‡Kwb, GKwU eB †_‡K Ab¨ eB‡Z †cuŠQevi c‡_ Zuvi e`jvevi aibUvI Avgiv †Ui cvB| cÖ_g w`‡Ki ¯§„wZweayi Uvb A‡í A‡í †K‡U hvq c‡i, Zvi e`‡j †R‡M DV‡Z _v‡K GKUv SuvR| ÿ‡qi Qwei ga¨ †_‡K ¯úóZi n‡q DV‡Z _v‡K fvex mgv‡Ri Bkviv, gûqv d‡ji Av‡ek †Q‡o †`Lv w`‡Z ïiæ K‡i ÔZvgv‡U cÖvšÍ‡iÕi gvby‡liv, Avi wPËiÄb †mevm`‡bi K¬všÍ De©kx b„Z¨iZv n‡q I‡V ÔKv‡ji Z‡cvf‡½Õ| mg‡qi GKUv Pvc wQj, QwÎk †_‡K cuqZvwjøk mvj wQj †`kxq Ges AvšÍR©vwZK GK UvjgvUv‡ji mgq, Zv‡K jÿ Kiv Awbevh© wQj mgi †m‡bi c‡ÿ| wKš‘ wVK †h-A‡_© mij cÖMwZi fvebv‡K KweZvq cÖwZdwjZ †`L‡Z Pvb A‡b‡K, †m-A‡_© KweZv wjLevi iæwP nqwb Zuvi, eis g‡b n‡qwQj †mc‡_ Av‡Q ïay fvevjyZv ev evMvo¤^i|Õ k•L †Nv‡li G-I g‡b n‡qwQj, ÔwbQK mvavi‡Yi Rxeb‡K aievi †hvM¨ †Kv‡bv fvlvQ‡›`i w`‡K G‡Mv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb Kwe mgi †mb, wKš‘ †mB fvlvQ›` wVKg‡Zv

Zuvi AwaKv‡i Av‡mwb, †Kbbv ga¨‡kÖYxi MwÐi g‡a¨ KvUwQj Zuvi Rxeb| ga¨weË eyw×Rxexi fvlvq wZwb wjL‡Z cvi‡Zb Av‡iv KweZv, wKš‘ †mB †mB KweZvq Zuvi iæwP wQj bv, †Kbbv Kv‡R-fvebvq mgwš^Z bZzb Rxe‡bi AvKv•ÿv Zuvi g‡b|Õ k•L †Nv‡li K_v¸‡jv †g‡b wb‡qI ejv hvq †h, †jLv †Q‡o †`Iqvi †bc‡_¨ Kwei e¨w³MZ Rxe‡bi bvbv Uvbvc‡o‡bi e¨vcvi¸‡jv fz‡j hvIqv AbywPZ| Ô†Mvôx †_‡K mgv‡R †e‡ivevi ZvwM`Õ mgi †mb eiveiB Abyfe Ki‡Zb| Avevi GB `yB Rxe‡bi ؇›Øi K_vI cÖKv‡k¨ ¯^xKvi Ki‡Zb| ¯§„wZK_vq e‡j‡Qb, Ô1941-Gi 22 Ryb wnUjvi ivwkqv AvµgY Kiv‡Z mvgªvR¨ev`x hy× ivZvivwZ Rbhy‡× cwiYZ nj| e¨vcviUv Q‡K †dj‡Z we‡kl †eM †c‡Z n‡qwQj! QK wVK nevi ci me wVK| bexb DÏxcbvq Rbhy‡×i KweZv †jLv Pjj| w`jøx‡Z K‡j‡R covevi mgq mvwn‡Z¨i m‡½ †hvMv‡hvM wQj| 1944-Gi Ryb gv‡m wgÎkw³iv cwðg BD‡iv‡c wØZxq d«›U †Lvjv‡Z we‡eK nvjKv n‡q †Mj, miKvwi PvKwi wb‡q †iwWI-i msev` wefv‡M XzKjvg| msev‡`i Pv‡c, †`‡ki `v½vnv½vgvq Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í KweZv †jLv eÜ n‡q G‡jv Ñ QK †gjv‡bv KwVb n‡q c‡owQj|Õ GwU Zuvi e¨w³MZ Avi mvgvwRK civRq wn‡m‡eB m¤¢eZ †g‡b wb‡qwQ‡jb| bZzbev cwinvm K‡i †Kb ej‡eb, GLb †`LwQ KweZv wj‡L †ek `y-cqmv nq, cwÎKvwe‡k‡l Qvcv n‡j| Qvcv †h G‡Kev‡i nqwb ZvI bq; GLb †Zv †`Lv hv‡”Q 1961 mv‡ji kvi`xq †`k cwÎKvi cvZvqI mgi †m‡bi KweZv Qvcv n‡q‡Q| Kv‡RB ÔRb¥w`‡bÕ kxl©K KweZvwU †h mgi †mb iwPZ †kl-KweZv bq, GwUI e‡j †bIqv `iKvi| Ô†hŠe‡bi †cÖg †kl cÖex‡Yi Kv‡g|/ eQi `‡kK c‡i hve Kvkxav‡g|Õ Kvkxav‡g hvbwb mgi †mb| †mBwU Zuvi ¯^fv‡ei evB‡i wQj| ejv hvq, ¯^fv‡ei evB‡i wM‡q wZwb †Kv‡bv KvR K‡ibwb| GwUI Zuvi e¨w³‡Z¡i GKwU AmvaviY cÖeYZv| G‡K e¨w³‡Z¡i Ab¨ ai‡bi GKwU †RviI ej‡Z cviv hvq| mgi †m‡bi cieZx© mg‡qi †iLvwP‡Îi wel‡q k•L †Nvl e‡jwQ‡jb, Ôcybwb©gx©qgvY GK mËvq wb‡R‡K wZwb wjß K‡i‡Qb Zuvi ¯^‡cœ‡`Lv mgvRm„wói Kv‡R, Ôd«w›UqviÕ-Gi m¤úv`bvq| S‡oi †h wbtkã mÂvi‡Yi K_v wQj cÖ_g KweZvi eB‡Z, k‡ãi Zxeª AvNv‡Zi †h cÖZxÿv wQj, Zvi GKUv mvgwqK AvmbœZv wZwb †`L‡Z cvw”Q‡jb Zuvi Pvicv‡k, mˇii `k‡Ki D`&‡ejZvq| wZwb KweZvi RMr †_‡K wbtk‡ã m‡i wM‡q GB D`&‡ejZvi m‡½ †hfv‡e wb‡R‡K wgwj‡qwQ‡jb, Zv‡KI ejv hvq GKUv m„wóiB RMr, msNv‡Zi Av‡›`vj‡bi DÏxcbvi m„wó|Õ iex›`ªbv_ g‡b Ki‡Zb, Ôwb‡Ri Abyf‚wZ I †mB Abyf‚wZi wel‡qi gvSLv‡b †Kv‡bv ga¨¯’ c`v‡_©i cÖ‡qvRb I e¨eavb bv ivwLqv †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv gvbyl Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib, wek¦RMr I gvbeRxe‡bi im‡K Zuvnviv wbtmskq fimvi mwnZ wb‡Ri ü`‡qi fvlvq cÖKvk Kwi‡Z cv‡ib; ZuvnvivB wb‡Ri mgmvgwqK Kve¨mvwn‡Z¨i mg¯Í K…wÎgZv mvn‡mi m‡½ AwZµg Kwiqv _v‡Kb|Õ mgi †mb †mB mvnmx gvbyl‡`iB GKRb| Avgv‡`i Ges Zuvi wb‡RiI `yf©vM¨ GB †h, †h-c„w_ex‡Z Avgv‡`i emevm, †mBwU Lye Aíw`‡bB Zuvi Kv‡Q cyi‡bv n‡q wM‡qwQj| cyi‡bv c„w_ex‡Z emevm K‡i Avi hv-B †nvK bZzb KweZv †jLv hvq bv| huviv †j‡Lb Zuviv nq‡Zv †Kv‡bv-bv-†Kv‡bvfv‡e KcUZv K‡ib| Zuv‡`i `‡j mgi †mb wQ‡jb bv| Avi cyi‡bv c„w_exi ÔwbcxwoZ RbMY c~Y© gyw³ AR©‡bi R‡b¨ me©cÖ_‡g wbf©i K‡ib Zuv‡`i wb‡R‡`i msMÖv‡gi Dci|Õ GBwU Rvbv wQj e‡jB mgi †mb wb‡Ri m‡½ AšÍZ †mB KcUZv K‡ibwb| Zuv‡K kÖ×v bv-Rvwb‡q Dcvq Kx! r

31


†ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© : ïiæi cÖ_g cvV A‡kvK P‡Ævcva¨vq

f‚

‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq-m¤úvw`Z GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU cwÎKvi 1277 e½v‡ãi 7 kÖveY msL¨vq (Bs‡iwR RyjvB 22, 1870) Kwe †ngP›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi ÔfviZm½xZÕ kxl©K KweZvwU cÖKvwkZ n‡j mviv evsjv‡`‡k †mmgq Zzgj y nBPB c‡o wM‡qwQj| G-KweZvq Kwe †ngP›`ª wj‡LwQ‡jb : Pxb, eªþ‡`k, bexb Rvcvb ZvivI ¯^vaxb, ZvivI cÖavb `vmZ¡ Kwi‡Z K‡i †nqÁvb, fviZ ïayB Nygv‡q iq| evR †i wkOv evR GB i‡e, mevB ¯^vaxb G wecyj f‡e, mevB RvMÖZ gv‡bi †MŠi‡e fviZ ïayB Nygv‡q iq| GB KweZvq †ngP›`ª Av‡iv wj‡LwQ‡jb : Rc, Zc Avi †hvM Avivabv, c~Rv, †nvg hvM, cÖwZgv A”P©bv G mK‡j G‡e wKQyB n‡e bv Z‚Yxi K…cv‡Y Ki †i c~Rv| Kwe †ngP›`ª G-KweZvi ga¨ w`‡q ïay cÖ‡ÿvf-PÂjZv‡K Dm‡K w`‡q ¯^vaxbZvi cÖkwœ U‡K mvg‡b wb‡q Av‡mbwb, wZwb weªwUk fvi‡Z GB ¯^vaxbZv-AR©‡b ÔZ‚Yxi K…cv‡YÕ cy‡Rv Kivi A_©vr mk¯¿ jovB‡qi cÖ‡qvRbxqZvi K_vI cÖPvi K‡iwQ‡jb| we‡`wk weªwUk kvmbvaxb Jcwb‡ewkK fviZe‡l©, we‡klZ 1857-Gi gnvwe‡`ªv‡ni gvÎ †Zi eQ‡ii gv_vq Kwe †ngP‡›`ªi G‡nb KweZv †h civaxb fviZevmx‡K ¯^vaxbZvi g‡š¿ `xwÿZ Kivi gnvmsMxZ Z_v iYaŸwb, Zv weªwUk kvmK‡kÖwYi eyS‡Z fzj nqwb| GB KweZvi AšÍeq© ‡b Zuviv ivR‡`ªv‡ni MÜ Ly‡u R †c‡qwQ‡jb| iwebmb mv‡n‡ei Abyev‡`i ga¨ w`‡q KweZvwUi Ôgg©Õ Dcjwä K‡i ZrKvjxb evsjvi †QvU jvU cwÎKvi m¤úv`K f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi Kv‡Q wb‡R wPwV wj‡L ˆKwdqZ Zje K‡iwQ‡jb| m¤úv`K f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq GB ˆKwdq‡Zi Revew`wn K‡iwQ‡jb|1 Zuvi Rev‡e mš‘ó nb miKvi evnv`yi|

32

`yB

wKš‘ Kwe †ngP‡›`ªi cuvPk UvKv Rwigvbv K‡iwQ‡jb| †mmgq GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui m¤úv`‡Ki gvwnbv wQj wZbk UvKv| ¯^fveZB Kwe †ngP‡›`ªi GB cuvPk UvKv Rwigvbv mg‡qi wePv‡i eo iK‡gi A_©`Ð wQj m‡›`n †bB| †ngP‡›`ªi GB ÔfviZm½xZÕ KweZvwU GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U cÖKvk Kivi †cQ‡b g~j D‡`¨v³v wQ‡jb cwÎKvi ZrKvjxb mnKvix m¤úv`K †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh©| nwi‡gvnb gy‡Lvcva¨vq Zuvi e½fvlvi †jLK MÖ‡š’ †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© m¤ú‡K© wjL‡Z wM‡q e‡j‡Qb : ÔnZv‡ki wejvcÕ (nZv‡ki Av‡ÿc?) nB‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwiqv †ngP›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨vq gnvk‡qi A‡bK ÿz`ª KweZv †ÿÎbv_ GWz‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U cÖKvk K‡ib| †ÿÎbv‡_i Rb¨B e½evmx †ngeveyi ÔfviZm½xZÕ cÖ_g ïwb‡Z cvBqvwQj| †ÿÎbv_B Zvnv GWz‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U cÖKvk K‡ib... †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© wQ‡jb f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi GKRb wcÖq QvÎ Ges †mœnv¯ú`| 1870 wLªóv‡ãi GwcÖj-†g gvm bvMv` f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq gvwmK cÂvk UvKv †eZ‡b †ÿÎbv_‡K GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui mnKvix m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e wb‡qvM K‡ib| †ÿÎbv‡_i Avg‡j GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui Ôwe‡kl kÖxe„w×Õ n‡qwQj, A‡bK ÔAwfbe welqÕ †mmgq GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui c„ôvq ¯’vb †c‡q cwÎKvwUi gh©v`v e„w× K‡iwQj| Z‡e nwi‡gvnb gy‡Lvcva¨vq †h wj‡L‡Qb, ÔnZv‡ki wejvcÕ (cÖKZ … wk‡ivbvg ÔnZv‡ki Av‡ÿcÕ) kxl©K KweZv †_‡K ïiæ K‡i A‡bK Ôÿz`ª KweZvÕ †ÿÎbv_ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U cÖKvk K‡ib, G-K_vi hv_v_©¨ wb‡q m‡›`‡ni AeKvk Av‡Q| ÔnZv‡ki Av‡ÿcÕ KweZvwU †M‡R‡U cÖKvwkZ nq 1275 e½v‡ã A_©vr 1867 wLªóvã bvMv`| ZLb †ÿÎbv_ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui `vwq‡Z¡ Av‡mbwb| G-cwÎKvi mnKvix m¤úv`‡Ki `vwq‡Z¡ wZwb Av‡mb 1870 wLªóv‡ãi GwcÖj†g gvm bvMv`| Gi Av‡MB †M‡R‡U †ngP‡›`ªi †ek K‡qKwU KweZv cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| †m¸‡jv n‡jv Ñ ÔnZv‡ki Av‡ÿcÕ, ÔRxebm½xZÕ, ÔweaevÕ, ÔhgybvZ‡UÕ (GB KweZv¸‡jv cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj 1275 e½v‡ã A_©vr 1868 wLªóvã bvMv`)| ¯^fveZB Gme KweZv †M‡R‡U cÖKv‡ki e¨vcv‡i †ÿÎbv‡_i f‚wgKvi hv_v_©¨ cÖkvœ ZxZ bq| Z‡e Kg©m‡~ Î †mmgq (1868-69 wLªóv‡ã) †ÿÎbv_


m¤¢eZ KjKvZvq wQ‡jb| f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi wcÖq QvÎ Ges †mœnv¯ú` wn‡m‡e †ÿÎbv_ GB mgq wbqwgZ wKsev gv‡Sg‡a¨B †M‡R‡Ui `߇i MZvqvZ Ki‡Zb, GgbUv Am¤¢e bq| Avi GB m~‡Î †ngP‡›`ªi c~‡e©v³ KweZv¸‡jv †M‡R‡U cÖKv‡ki e¨vcv‡i †ÿÎbv‡_i GKUv f‚wgKvi AbymÜvb Pj‡Z cv‡i, Z‡e Z_¨cÖgvY e¨wZ‡i‡K Zv MÖnY‡hvM¨Zvi cwimxgvq Avm‡Z cv‡i bv|

wZb

†ÿÎbv_ fÆvPv‡h©i Rb¥ 1836 wLªóv‡ã eZ©gvb DËi PweŸk ciMbv †Rjvi ewminvU gnKzgvi AšÍMZ © `wÐinvU MÖv‡g| G-eQi Zuvi GKk AvwkZg Rb¥evwl©Kx| Zuvi evwoi wbKUeZx© †Uv‡j †ÿÎbv_ Zuvi ˆkk‡e wM‡q e‡m _vK‡Zb Ges ¸iægkvB‡qi e¨vKiY cov‡bv ïb‡Zb| G-Z_¨I w`‡q‡Qb nwi‡gvnb gy‡Lvcva¨vq| G-Z‡_¨i AšÍe¯ © ‡‘ Z hv cÖKvk cvq Zv nj, †ÿÎbv_ †h‡Kv‡bv Kvi‡YB †nvK Zuvi evwoi wbKUeZx© nIqv m‡Ë¡I †Uv‡j we`¨vwkÿvi Rb¨ AvbyôvwbKfv‡e fwZ© n‡Z cv‡ibwb| wZwb †Uv‡j e‡m ¸iægkvB‡qi e¨vKiY cov‡bv ïb‡Zb Ges ms¯‹Z … e¨vKi‡Yi ÔK‡qKwU m~ÎÕ ï‡b-ï‡bB gyL¯’ K‡i †d‡jwQ‡jb| wb`viæY `vwi`ª¨B †ÿÎbv‡_i ¯^MvÖ ‡g we`¨vwkÿvi c‡_ AšÍivq n‡q `uvwo‡qwQj| †ÿÎbv‡_i GK gvgv _vK‡Zb KjKvZvi `wÿ‡Y ivRcy‡i| †ÿÎbv_ †mLv‡b wM‡q GKwU Bs‡iwR ¯‹‡z j fwZ© nb Ges Bs‡iwRi wKQy cÖv_wgK cvV †bb| Gici wZwb Avevi P‡j hvb nvIovq †QvUgvgvi Kv‡Q| †QvUgvgvi AvbyK‡‚ j¨ wZwb fwZ© nb nvIov miKvwi ¯‹‡z j| GLv‡bI Zuvi cov‡kvbvi †ÿ‡Î h‡_ó cÖwZeÜKZv wQj| †QvUgvgvi evmvq h‡_ómsL¨K Ni bv-_vKvq Zuvi cov‡kvbvi Lye Amyweav nZ| †h-N‡i e‡m †ÿÎbv_ cov‡kvbv Ki‡Zb †m-N‡iB A‡bK ivwÎ ch©šÍ Zvm-cvkv †Ljv Ges Mvb-evRbv PjZ| GB û‡jøvoevwRi g‡a¨I †ÿÎbv_ wbwe©Kvi _vK‡Zb Ges wbweóg‡b Zuvi cov‡kvbv Ki‡Zb| nwi‡gvnb wj‡L‡Qb : GB mg¯Í †Mvj‡hv‡Mi g‡a¨ ewmqv †ÿÎbv_ wbweóg‡b †jLvcov Kwi‡Zb, †K †Kv_vq wK Kwi‡Z‡Q Ñ Zvnvi †Kvb LeiB ivwL‡Zb bv, Zvnvi gb _vwKZ covq, MvbevRbvi kã Zuvnvi Kv‡b cÖ‡ek Kwi‡e †Kb? nvIovq †h-¯‹‡z j †ÿÎbv_ co‡Zb, †m-¯‹‡z ji ZrKvjxb cÖavb wkÿK wQ‡jb f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq| we`¨vwkÿvi A`g¨ AvMÖn Ges wbweóZvi Kvi‡YB †ÿÎbv_ ¯^qs cÖavb wkÿK f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi mybR‡i c‡ob| AZ¨šÍ †gavex QvÎ †ÿÎbv‡_i g‡a¨ f‚‡`e D¾¡j m¤¢vebvi A¼z‡iv˜Mg Ly‡u R cvb Ges wb‡R Zuv‡K we‡kl hZœmnKv‡i wkÿv`v‡b Zrci nb| f‚‡`e †ÿÎbv_ m¤ú‡K© ej‡Zb : ÔAvwg kZmnmª †Q‡j covBqvwQ, cÖvq jÿvwaK †Q‡j †`wLqvwQ, wKš‘ †ÿ‡Îi gZ †Q‡j Avgvi P‡ÿ c‡o bvB|Õ f‚‡`e wek¦vm Ki‡Zb, †eu‡P _vK‡j Ges fvj K‡i †jLvcov wkL‡j, †ÿÎbv_ GKRb hk¯^x e¨w³iƒ‡c fwel¨‡Z cÖwZôv cv‡eb| cÖavb wkÿK f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi GB fwel¨ØvYx wg_¨v nqwb| AvVvi eQi eq‡m 1854 wLªóv‡ã nvIov ¯‹j z †_‡K Rywbqi ¯‹jviwkc †c‡q †ÿÎbv_ KjKvZvi †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡R fwZ© nb| †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡Ri cvV †kl K‡i 1857 wLªóv‡ã wZwb KjKvZvi GKwU wmwfj BwÄwbqvwis K‡j‡R fwZ© nb| GB K‡jR †_‡K 1859 wLªóv‡ãi gvP© gv‡m wmwfj BwÄwbqvwis cixÿvq DËxY© n‡q wnRwjKuvw_i A¨vwm÷¨v›U BwÄwbqv‡ii c‡` †hvM †`b| cÖvq †cŠ‡b `y-eQi GB PvKwi Kivi ci 1860 wLªóv‡ãi wW‡m¤^‡i †ÿÎbv_ KjKvZv wmwfj BwÄwbqvwis K‡j‡R MwY‡Zi Aa¨vcK c‡` †hvM †`b| wKš‘ GLv‡bI wZwb †ewkw`b gb emv‡Z cv‡ibwb| wewfbœ ¯’v‡b wewfbœ Kv‡R hy³ _vKvi ci 1869 wLªóv‡ã cÖ_g

f‚‡`e †ÿÎbv_ m¤ú‡K© ej‡Zb : ÔAvwg kZmnmª †Q‡j covBqvwQ, cÖvq jÿvwaK †Q‡j †`wLqvwQ, wKš‘ †ÿ‡Îi gZ †Q‡j Avgvi P‡ÿ c‡o bvB|Õ f‚‡`e wek¦vm Ki‡Zb, †eu‡P _vK‡j Ges fvj K‡i †jLvcov wkL‡j, †ÿÎbv_ GKRb hk¯^x e¨w³iƒ‡c fwel¨‡Z cÖwZôv cv‡eb| cÖavb wkÿK f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi GB fwel¨ØvYx wg_¨v nqwb| †kÖwYi A¨vwm÷¨v›U BwÄwbqvi n‡q †ÿÎbv_ ewikv‡j hvb| †mLv‡b GK wmwfj mvR©‡bi m‡½ Zuvi gZvšÍi nq| †mB wmwfj mvR©b miKv‡ii Kv‡Q †ÿÎbv‡_i weiæ‡× bvwjk K‡ib| miKvi wmwfj mvR©‡bi bvwj‡ki wfwˇZ †Kv‡bviKg Z`šÍ e¨wZ‡i‡KB †ÿÎbv_‡K mZK© n‡q KvR Ki‡Z wb‡`©k †`b| miKv‡ii G‡nb Awe‡ePbvcÖmZ ~ wb‡`©kbvgvq †ÿÎbv_ AcgvwbZ †eva K‡ib| †m-mgq †ÿÎbv‡_i gvm gvwnbv wQj Pvik UvKv| †ÿÎbv_ Zuvi we‡kl eÜz †WcywU g¨vwR‡÷ªU g‡n›`ªbv_ emyi m‡½ G-wel‡q Av‡jvPbv K‡ib Ges G-miKvwi PvKwi‡Z wbwØ©avq B¯Ídv †`b| †ÿÎbv‡_i A‡bK ¸YMÖvnx eÜzevÜe Zuv‡K G-Kv‡R wbe„Ë Kivi †Póv K‡iI e¨_© nb| we‡`wk miKv‡ii Ab¨vq †PvLivOvwb †g‡b wb‡q miKvwi PvKwi Ki‡Z †ÿÎbv_ gvbwmKfv‡e cÖ¯Z ‘ wQ‡jb bv| wZwb miKvwi wb‡`©kbvgv‡K wb`viæY Acgvb wn‡m‡eB we‡ePbv K‡iwQ‡jb Ges G-PvKwi †_‡K B¯Ídv †`Iqvi wm×všÍ wb‡qwQ‡jb| g‡n›`ªbv_ emy‡K †ÿÎbv_ e‡jwQ‡jb : Acgvb Avgvi mn¨ nB‡Z‡Q bv| Avwg Mwie fÆvPvwh© evgy‡bi †Q‡j| KuvPKjv fv‡Z-fvZ LvB‡Z cvwi| PvKwi †M‡j Avgvi wK `ytL| PvKwi Qvovi ci we`¨vmvMi †h-K_v e‡jwQ‡jb GLv‡b †ÿÎbv‡_i e³‡e¨I Zuvi cÖwZaŸwb †kvbv hvq| †ÿÎbv‡_i miKvwi PvKwi‡Z B¯Ídv`v‡bi NUbvwU Zuvi Pvwi‡Î¨i GKwU we‡kl w`K‡KB Av‡jvKvwqZ K‡i| G-miKvwi PvKwi‡Z B¯Ídv w`‡q 1870 wLªóv‡ãi GwcÖj-†g gvm (ˆekvL 1277 e½vã) bvMv` †ÿÎbv_ ewikvj †_‡K PzPu o z vq P‡j Av‡mb| Zuvi wcÖq Ges kÖ×vfvRb wkÿK f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi m‡½ Zuvi †`Lv nq| Zuv‡K †ÿÎbv_ Avbycw~ e©K mg¯Í NUbv Rvbvb| †m-mgq f‚‡`e GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui m¤úv`K| me ï‡b f‚‡`e Zuvi wcÖq Qv·K GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui mnKvix m¤úv`K c‡` wb‡qvM K‡ib| gvwmK Pvik UvKvi miKvwi PvKwi-Kiv †ÿÎbv_ Lywkg‡b gvÎ cÂvk UvKv †eZ‡bi G-`vwqZ¡cY~ © c` MÖnY K‡ib|

Pvi

GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU cwÎKvi cy‡iv bvg wQj GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU I mvßvwnK evË©ven| f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq G-cwÎKvi cÖ_g m¤úv`K wQ‡jb bv| Z‡e f‚‡`‡ei civg‡k©B G-cwÎKvi Avwef©ve Ñ GgZ Abygv‡bi KviY Av‡Q| f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vqB ZrKvjxb evsjv miKv‡ii wkÿv wefv‡Mi cwi`k©K nRmb cÖvU‡K miKv‡ii

33


bxwZ RbmvaviY‡K eywS‡q ejvi Rb¨ GKwU msev`cÎ cÖKv‡ki civgk© †`b| f‚‡`‡ei civgk© cÖv‡Ui Kv‡Q MÖnY‡hvM¨ we‡ewPZ nq| wZwb G-e¨vcv‡i miKv‡ii `„wó AvKl©Y K‡ib| weªwUk miKvi G-cÖ¯vÍ e Aby‡gv`b K‡ib, d‡j 1856 wLªóv‡ãi 4 RyjvB GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU I mvßvwnK evË©ven cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ nq| cÖwZ ïµevi cÖKvwkZ G-cwÎKvi m¤úv`K wbhy³ nb jÛb wgk‡bi Wejy¨ IÕeªv‡qb w¯§_| Kwe i½jvj e‡›`¨vcva¨vq IÕeªv‡qb w¯§‡_i mn‡hvMx wn‡m‡e G-cwÎKvi m‡½ hy³ wQ‡jb| Kv‡iv-Kv‡iv g‡Z, i½jvjB cÖKZ … A‡_© cwÎKvwUi m¤úv`‡Ki `vwqZ¡ mvgjv‡Zb| cwÎKvi m¤úv`‡Ki gvwmK fvZv wn‡m‡e `yk UvKv wba©vwiZ nq| G-cwÎKvi g~j c„ô‡cvlK wQ‡jb miKv‡ii ZrKvjxb wkÿv wefvMxq AwaKZ©vi `ßi| 1863 wLªóv‡ãi 31 wW‡m¤^i M„nxZ GKwU cÖ¯vÍ e Abyhvqx GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU miKvwi gyLcÎ wn‡m‡e cwiYZ nq| GKBm‡½ m¤úv`‡Ki gvwmK fvZv e„w× K‡i wZbk UvKv2 Kiv nq| ¯^v‡¯’¨i Kvi‡Y IÕeªv‡qb w¯§_ 1866 wLªóv‡ãi Rvbyqvwi gv‡m ¯^‡`‡k wd‡i hvb| †m-mgq G-cwÎKvi `vwqZ¡cvÖ ß nb eªþ‡gvnb gwjøK I KvbvBjvj cvBb| eªþ‡gvn‡bi mv‡ÿ¨ Rvbv hvq, f‚‡`e ÔûMwj‡Z Ae¯’vbKv‡jÕ KjKvZvi GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui Awd‡m ÔcÖvqBÕ Avm‡Zb| A_©vr G-cwÎKvi m‡½ f‚‡`e Zuvi †hvMv‡hvM cÖ_g †_‡KB eRvq †i‡LwQ‡jb| 1866 wLªóv‡ãi gv‡P© ZrKvjxb †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡Ri Bs‡iwR mvwn‡Z¨i mnKvix Aa¨vcK c¨vwiPiY miKvi GB GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU cwÎKvi m¤úv`K wbhy³ nb| c¨vwiPi‡Yi m¤úv`bvKv‡j cwÎKvi kÖx I MÖvnK e„w× nq| wKš‘ gvÎ AvovB eQi c¨vwiPiY G-cwÎKvi m¤úv`K wQ‡jb| 1868 wLªóv‡ãi †g gv‡m B÷vb© †e½j †ijI‡qi k¨vgbMi †÷k‡bi Kv‡Q GKwU †ij`yNU© bvi msev` cÖKvk wb‡q c¨vwiPi‡Yi m‡½ miKvwi KZ…c © ‡ÿi gZvšÍi N‡U| GB †ij`yNU© bvq cÖvq wZbk gvbyl nZvnZ nb| †i‡ji Kg©Pvixiv G-`yNU© bvq cÖcxwoZ gvbylR‡bi m‡½ AgvbweK e¨envi K‡i, wbnZ gvby‡li m‡½ AvnZ gvbyl‡`iI GKm‡½ Mv`v K‡i ivLv nq, hv‡Z ZvivI Avi RxweZ bv-_v‡K| GgbwK G-my‡hv‡M †i‡ji Kgx©iv jyUZivR Kivi †PóvI K‡iwQ‡jb| GB ai‡bi AbymÜvbg~jK msev` GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui 1275 e½v‡ãi 10 ˆR¨ô (1868 wLªóv‡ãi †g gv‡mi Z…Zxq mßv‡ni) msL¨vq c¨vwiPiY cÖKvk K‡ib| Gi wVK `y-mßvn c‡i †M‡R‡Ui 24 ˆR¨ô (1275 e½vã) msL¨vq c¨vwiPiY Avevi †j‡Lb : Avgiv m¤úªwZ ¯^qs k¨vgbMi †ók‡b wMqv Zvnvi wbKUeZx© †jvKw`‡Mi wbKU NUbvi welq AbymÜvb Kwi‡Z †Póv KwiqvwQjvg| wKš‘ †`wLjvg †h, †KnB G-wel‡q wKQy ewj‡Z m¤§Z b‡n| †eva nBj, †ijI‡qi †Kvb †jvK ØvivB nDK, MÖvgevmx †Kvb e¨w³i ØvivB nDK A_ev H ¯’v‡bi Rwg`v‡ii †Kvb Avgjv ØvivB nDK, mK‡jB Giƒc wkÿv cvBqv‡Q †h H `yNU© bvi wel‡q †Kn †Kvb K_v e¨³ Kwi‡e bv| GB mg¯Í wi‡cvU© cÖKvk Kivi Rb¨ miKv‡ii Zi‡d c¨vwiPi‡Yi Kv‡Q ˆKwdqZ Zje Kiv nq (hw`I c¨vwiPiY G‡K ˆKwdqZ wn‡m‡e ¯^xKvi K‡ibwb)| Z‡e c¨vwiPiY wb‡Ri Ae¯’v‡bi mc‡ÿ Reve w`‡Z wM‡q 1868 wLªóv‡ãi 16 Ryb Rvbvb, wZwb mgmg‡qi wn›`y †cwUªAU, b¨vkbvj †ccvi, BwÛqvb wdì, BwÛqvb wgii, †mvgcÖKvk, msev` cÖfvKi, mgvPvi Pw›`ªKv cÖfw… Z cwÎKvq †hme msev` cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj, †mme cwÎKvi ÔcÖavbZ wbfzj © Õ msev‡`i c‡iI Ôwek¦vm‡hvM¨ m~‡ÎÕ Av‡iv AbymÜv‡bi ci wZwb GB msev` cÖKvk K‡iwQ‡jb| GQvov wZwb Av‡iv e‡jb †h, †M‡RU m¤úv`bvi e¨vcv‡i m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e wZwb wb‡Ri Ávb I wek¦vmgZ

34

wKQy cÖKvk Ki‡Z cvi‡eb bv, Ggb kZ© †Zv Zuvi Ici KL‡bv Av‡ivwcZ nqwb| wKš‘ ev`vbyev‡`i wb®úwË bv nIqvq RyjvB 31, 1868 Zvwi‡L c¨vwiPiY GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui m¤úv`‡Ki c‡` B¯Ídv †`b Ges 8 AvM÷ Zuvi c`Z¨vMcÎ M„nxZ nq| c¨vwiPi‡Yi c`Z¨v‡Mi Pvi gvm ci ûMwj †Rjvi mnKvix ¯‹j z cwi`k©K f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU m¤úv`bvi `vwqZ¡ †bb wW‡m¤^i gv‡mi cÖ_‡gB Ges Zuvi m¤úv`bvq GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ nq 1868 wLªóv‡ãi 4 wW‡m¤^i| †h mZ¨wbô, PvwiwÎK `„pZv I AvZ¥m¤§vb‡ev‡ai RvqMv †_‡K c¨vwiPiY GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui m¤úv`‡Ki c‡` B¯Ídv w`‡qwQ‡jb, Zv `„óvšÍ wn‡m‡e f‚‡`e‡K DØy× K‡iwQj e‡j g‡b nq bv| f‚‡`e GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui m¤úv`bvi `vwqZ¡ wb‡q miKvi‡K mg_©b Kivi bxwZ MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| mgmg‡qi †mvgcÖKvk, MÖvgevË©v cÖKvwkKv, Ag„ZevRvi cwÎKv cÖfw… Z msev`c‡Î weªwUk ivRcyiæl‡`i AvPvi-AvPiY Ges wewea miKvwi bxwZi cÖwZwµqvq †h AvµgYvZ¥K f‚wgKv †bIqv nw”Qj, GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e f‚‡`e †m-cÖeYZv †_‡K m‡PZb `~iZ¡ iÿv K‡i P‡jwQ‡jb| f‚‡`e G-cwÎKv m¤úv`bvi wVK Pvi mßv‡ni gv_vq wW‡m¤^i 25, 1868 Zvwi‡Li msL¨v (GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU) †_‡K Rvbv hvq, †m-mgq GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui MÖvnKmsL¨v wQj 850| AvPvh© K…òKgj fÆvPvh© Rvwb‡q‡Qb, GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U wZwb iYwRr wms‡ni Rxebe„ËvšÍ wjL‡Z Avi¤¢ K‡iwQ‡jb, c‡i Zv cy¯K Í vKv‡i cÖKvwkZ n‡q QvÎe„wË cixÿvi cvV¨cy¯K Í wn‡m‡e wbe©vwPZ n‡qwQj| K…òKgj hLb euvKzovq, ZLb f‚‡`e nvIovq cÖavb wkÿK| Gici K…òKgj hLb nvIovq †WcywU B݇c±i nb, ZLb f‚‡`e ûMwj bg©vj ¯‹‡z ji mycvwib‡Ub‡W›U| K…òKg‡ji fvl¨ Abyhvqx, ûMwj‡Z _vKvKvjxb f‚‡`e ÔcÖvqBÕ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU Awd‡m Avm‡Zb| A_©vr K…òKgj hLb GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U wjL‡Zb, ZLb f‚‡`e G-cwÎKvi m‡½ m`vwqZ¡h³ y nbwb| K…òKg‡ji g‡Z, ew¼gP›`ªI bvwK GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U Ôgv‡S gv‡SÕ wjL‡Zb| Gme Z‡_¨i m‡½ K…òKgj Avi GKwU Z_¨I w`‡q‡Qb| wZwb Rvwb‡q‡Qb †h, f‚‡`e g‡b Ki‡Zb ÔG †`‡k wmwfwjq‡bi mvnvh¨ e¨ZxZ DbœwZ Kiv Am¤¢e|Õ ZvB wZwb Zuvi PvKwiRxe‡b DbœwZi ¯^v‡_© †`‡ki ZrKvjxb wmwfwjqb‡`i m‡½ mRxe †hvMv‡hvM †i‡L Pj‡Zb! wZwb miKvwi †m‡µUvwi A¨vmwj B‡W‡bi Kv‡Q mivmwi Aby‡iva K‡iwQ‡jb Ñ B݇c±i †gWwjKU Zuvi Ô†cUªbÕ wQ‡jb, †m‡nZz Zuvi PvKwiRxe‡b DbœwZi ¯^v‡_©B wZwbI †hb Zuvi Ô†cUªbÕ nb! B‡Wb mv‡ne Aek¨ f‚‡`‡ei Aby‡iva iÿv K‡iwQ‡jb| Gici RR© K¨v¤ú‡ej hLb f‚‡`‡ei Ici ÿzä nb, ZLb f‚‡`e QywU wb‡q eg©vq wM‡q B‡Wb mv‡n‡ei kiYvcbœ nb| B‡Wb ZLb Kg©m‡~ Î eg©vq wQ‡jb| wZwb f‚‡`e‡K Avk¦¯Í K‡ib| Gici B‡Wb evsjvi †QvUjvU n‡q Avmvi ci f‚‡`e‡K wkÿv wefv‡Mi ÔWvB‡i±iÕ c‡` wbhy³ K‡ib| ZLb GB WvB‡i±‡ii c‡` †eZb wQj †`o nvRvi UvKv| Zcb ivq‡PŠayix Zuvi BD‡ivc cyb`©kb© MÖ‡š’ Rvwb‡q‡Qb : PvKzwiRxe‡b we‡`kx cÖf‡z `i m‡½ f‚‡`‡ei †mŠnv`©¨c~Y,© GgbwK A‡bK †ÿ‡Î Nwbô eÜz‡Z¡i m¤úK© M‡o D‡VwQj| GB m¤úK© ïaygvÎ wkóvPv‡i mxgve× wQj bv| cÖ¨vU cwievi cÖvqB Zuv‡`i evwo‡Z Avm‡Zb| wb‡Ri PvKzwii e¨vcv‡i GKevi wZwb IciIqvjvi ¯¿xi mvnvh¨ wb‡qwQ‡jb| Avi GB Mfxi m¤úK© m~‡ÎB gvP© 24, 1886 wLªóvã Zvwi‡L ¯^qs eojvU Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ f‚‡`e‡K Avgš¿Y Rvwb‡qwQ‡jb| Ñ ¯^fveZB G‡nb f‚‡`‡ei c‡ÿ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e c¨vwiPi‡Yi c_vbymiY m¤¢e wQj bv|


cuvP c¨vwiPi‡Yi Avg‡j GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U wKQy-wKQy KweZv cÖKvwkZ n‡Zv| f‚‡`e m¤úv`bvi `vwqZ¡ †bIqvi cÖ_g K‡qK gvm GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U †Kv‡bv KweZv cÖKvwkZ nqwb| f‚‡`‡ei wØZxq RvgvZv DËicvov wbevmx nvB‡Kv‡U©i DwKj evgvPiY e‡›`¨vcva¨vq Kwe †ngP›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi KweZvi AbyivMx wQ‡jb| †ngP‡›`ªi m‡½ evgvPi‡Yi m¤ú‡K©i NwbôZvI wQj| d‡j GB evgvPiY GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U †ngP‡›`ªi KweZv cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ f‚‡`‡ei Kv‡Q cÖ¯vÍ e †i‡LwQ‡jb| †kl ch©šÍ f‚‡`e GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U KweZv cÖKv‡ki wm×všÍ †bb| 1275 e½v‡ãi 17 gvN Zvwi‡Li msL¨vq †ngP‡›`ªi ÔnZv‡ki Av‡ÿcÕ KweZvwU gyw`ªZ nq| GB GKB msL¨vq †NvwlZ nq : ÔGLb nB‡Z c‡Î jäbvgv my‡jLKM‡Yi iwPZ c`¨ cÖKvwkZ nB‡e|Õ A_©vr ¯úóZB G-†NvlYv Abyhvqx †ngP›`ª Ôjäbvgv my‡jLKM‡YiÕ Ab¨Zg wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…Z n‡qwQ‡jb| 1850 wLªóv‡ãi GwcÖj-†g gvm (1277 e½v‡ãi ˆekvL-ˆR¨ô) bvMv` f‚‡`‡ei cÖh‡Zœ †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui mnKvix m¤úv`‡Ki c‡` e„Z nb gvwmK gvÎ cÂvk UvKv †eZ‡bi wewbg‡q| G-mgq f‚‡`e m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e miKv‡ii KvQ †_‡K gvwmK wZbk UvKv Aby`vb †c‡Zb| G-mgq cwÎKvi ¯^Z¡ wQj f‚‡`‡ei| GB 1277 e½v‡ãi 28 ˆekvL (1870 wLªóv‡ãi †g gv‡mi wØZxq mßvn) GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U †ngP›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi ÔfviZ wejvcÕ KweZvwU cÖKvwkZ nq| G-mgq cwÎKvi mnKvix m¤úv`K †ÿÎbv_| ÔfviZ wejvcÕ cÖKv‡ki wVK `k mßv‡ni gv_vq 1277 e½v‡ãi 7 kÖveY msL¨vi GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U cÖKvwkZ nq †ngP›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi ÔfviZm½xZÕ| G-KweZv †ÿÎbv‡_i D‡`¨v‡MB cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj| GLv‡b GKUv †QvÆ BwZnvm Av‡Q| †ngP›`ª ÔfviZm½xZÕ †j‡Lb 1277 e½v‡ãi cÖ_‡gB| wj‡LB wZwb KweZvwU cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U cvVvb| wKš‘ Gi wbwnZ e³‡e¨ f‚‡`e ivR‡`ªv‡ni MÜ cvb Ges KweZvwU cÖKv‡k Am¤§Z nb| m¤úv`‡Ki Ici KZ…Z © ¡ Kiv †ÿÎbv‡_i c‡ÿ m¤¢e wQj bv| f‚‡`e GKBm‡½ Zuvi kÖ×vfvRb wkÿv¸iæ Ges cwÎKvi m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e Zuvi EaŸ©Zb KZ…c © ÿ| †ÿÎbv_ KweZvi fvj †ev×v Ges mvwnZ¨K‡g©i cÖL¨vZ mgv‡jvPK wn‡m‡e mgmg‡q cÖwmw× jvf K‡iwQ‡jb| †ngP‡›`ªi m‡½ †ÿÎbv‡_i m¤úK©I wQj Mfxi eÜzZvi|3 G‡nb cwiw¯’wZ‡Z m¤¢eZ †ÿÎbv‡_i cÖ‡KŠk‡jB †ngP›`ª iPbv K‡ib Zuvi ÔfviZ wejvcÕ| GB ÔfviZ wejvcÕ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui 28 ˆekvL msL¨vq (1277 e½vã) cÖKvwkZ nq| G-KweZvq †ngP›`ª cÖm½ †j‡Lb : f‡q f‡q wjwL, wK wjwLe Avi bwn‡j ïwb‡Z G exYv-S¼vi, evwRZ Mi‡R-D_wj Avevi DwVZ fviZ e¨w_Z cÖvY| GB QÎKwU f‚‡`e‡K jw¾Z K‡iwQj| wZwb †ngP‡›`ªi ÔfviZm½xZÕ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U cÖKv‡ki AbygwZ †`b| d‡j Kzkjxcbvq †ÿÎbv‡_i B”QvB c~Y© nj| 1277 e½v‡ãi 7 kÖveY msL¨vi GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U Kwe †ngP›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi ÔfviZm½xZÕ cÖKvwkZ nq| G-KweZvq Kwe †ngP›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨vq wj‡LwQ‡jb : wQj e‡U Av‡M Zcm¨vi e‡j Kvh©¨wmw× n‡Zv G gnxgЇj Avcwb Avwmqv f³ iY¯’‡j msMÖvg KwiZ AgiMY| GLb †mw`b bvwnK †i Avi,

†`e Aviva‡b fviZ-D×vi n‡e bv, n‡e bv, †Lvj Zievi; Gme ˆ`Z¨ b‡n †Zgb| A¯¿civµ‡g nI wekvi`, iYi½-e‡m nI †i Db¥v`, Ñ *** *** ¯^fveZB G-KweZv ivR‡iv‡l cwZZ nq| m¤úv`K f‚‡`e‡K ˆKwdqZ w`‡Z nq| Kwe †ngP‡›`ªi A_©`Ð nq| wKš‘ †ÿÎbv‡_i cÖ‡Póvq e½evmx †ngeveyi ÔfviZm½xZÕ cÖ_g ïwb‡Z cvBqvwQj| ïay ÔfviZm½xZÕ KweZv‡ZB bq, ÔfviZ wejv‡cÕI Kwe †ngP›`ª wj‡LwQ‡jb : f‡q f‡q hvB f‡q f‡q PvB, †MŠiv½ †`wL‡j f‚Z‡j jyUvB, dzwUqv dzKvwi ewj‡Z bv-cvB GgbB m`vB ü`‡q Îvm miKv‡ii Pv‡c c‡o `ywU KweZvi †ÿ‡ÎB (ÔfviZ wejvcÕ I ÔfviZm½xZÕ) Kwe‡KI †ek wKQy ˆKwdqZ w`‡Z n‡qwQj, †ekwKQy RvqMvq cwieZ©b, cwigvR©b I cwieR©b Ki‡Z n‡qwQj| cieZx©Kv‡j ÔfviZm½x‡ZÕi GKwU ˆKwdqZg~jK gyLeÜ iPbv Ki‡Z n‡qwQj, ÔfviZ wejv‡cÕi eû As‡ki cwieZ©‡bi m‡½-m‡½ Ôf‡q f‡q wjwL...Õ BZ¨vw` Ask eR©b Ki‡Z n‡qwQj| Qq †ÿÎbv‡_i mvwnZ¨im‡eva wQj AZ¨šÍ Zxÿè| †ek wKQymsL¨K ÔDrK…ó ms¯‹Z … Kve¨Õ QvovI, †ÿÎbv_ K…wËevm, Kvwj`vm, gyK›z `ivg, PÐx`vm, †Mvwe›``vm, we`¨vcwZ cÖg‡y Li iPbvewj wbweówP‡Ë cvV K‡iwQ‡jb| GQvov †kK&mwcqi, wgjUbmn bvbv we‡`wk Kwe I bvU¨Kv‡ii ÔKve¨, bvUKÕ †ÿÎbv‡_i Ôwe‡kl Av`‡ii mvgMÖx wQjÕ| mvwnZ¨-mgv‡jvPbvq †ÿÎbv‡_i L¨vwZ mgKv‡j gvb¨Zv †c‡qwQj| ew¼gP‡›`ªi AbyR c~YP© ›`ª P‡Ævcva¨vq Zuvi Ôew¼gP›`ª I `xbeÜzÕ kxl©K wbe‡Ü wj‡LwQ‡jb : Ô`y‡M©kbw›`bxÕ cÖPvwiZ nBevi c~‡e© cwÐZ‡kÖô ZvivcÖmv` P‡Ævcva¨vq (f‚‡`eeveyi RvgvZv) Ges †mKv‡ji weL¨vZ mgv‡jvPK †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© Dnv cvV KwiqvwQ‡jb| †ÿÎbv_ ewjqvwQ‡jb, Ô†Zvgvi eq‡mi m‡½ m‡½ Zzwg `y‡M©kbw›`bx A‡cÿv DrK…ó Dcb¨vm wjwL‡e, wKš‘ GB Dcb¨vmwU †hgb mKj m¤úª`v‡qi g‡bviÄb Kwi‡e, †Zgb †Zvgvi Ab¨ Dcb¨vm Kwi‡Z cvwi‡e wKbv m‡›`n|Õ †ÿÎbv‡_i fwel¨r evK¨ mdj nBqvwQj| GLv‡b K‡qKwU welq jÿYxq| 1. †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© mgKv‡j ÔweL¨vZ mgv‡jvPKÕ wn‡m‡e ew›`Z n‡qwQ‡jb| 2. ew¼gP›`ª Zuvi †Kv‡bv Dcb¨vm cÖKvwkZ nIqvi Av‡M KvD‡K c‡o †kvbv‡Zb bv, Zuvi m‡nv`i wfbœ Zuvi cvÐzwjwc‡Z Kv‡iv ¯úk© Kivi AwaKvi ch©šÍ _vKZ bv| A_P G‡nb ew¼gP›`ª Zuvi `y‡M©kbw›`bxi cvÐzwjwc †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh©‡K cwo‡qwQ‡jb Ges Zuvi gZvgZ wb‡qwQ‡jb| †ev×v Ges mgv‡jvPK wn‡m‡e †ÿÎbv_‡K †h ew¼gP›`ª mgxn Ki‡Zb Zv GLv‡b cwi®‹vi| 3. ew¼‡gi `y‡M©kbw›`bxi cvÐzwjwc cvV Kivi ci †ÿÎbv_ cÖ`Ë gZvg‡Zi cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z ew¼gP‡›`ªi cÖwZwµqvi K_v Rvbv hvq bv, Z‡e ew¼gvbyR c~YP© ›`ª †ÿÎbv‡_i m‡½ †h mngZ †cvlY K‡iwQ‡jb Zv GLv‡b cwi®‹vi| Z‡e ew¼gP‡›`ªi m‡½ †ÿÎbv‡_i †h †hvMv‡hvM wQj Zvi Ab¨ cÖgvYI Av‡Q| bvU¨Kvi w؇R›`ªjvj iv‡qi wcZv †`Iqvb KvwZ©‡KqP›`ª GKevi Ôi‡_i mgqÕ ew¼gP‡›`ªi evwo‡Z wM‡qwQ‡jb|

35


ZLb ew¼gP‡›`ªi evwo‡Z Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb ew¼gP‡›`ªi Ab¨ fvB‡`i m‡½ ¯^qs †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh©I| mܨvq †mLv‡b KvwZ©‡KqP›`ª Mvb †M‡q †kvbvb, c‡i †ÿÎbv‡_i Aby‡iv‡a KvwZ©‡KqP›`ª ivwÎ GMviUvi mgq Avevi Mvb †M‡qwQ‡jb| ew¼gP‡›`ªi e½`k©b‡Mvôxi Ab¨Zg L¨vZbvgv †jLK AÿqKzgvi miKvi wj‡L‡Qb : wZwb hLb c~Y‡© hŠe‡bi AwaKvix †mB mgq A_©vr ZLb PzPu o z v mvwn‡Z¨i b›`bKvbb| mvwnZ¨mgªvU ew¼gP›`ª, c~Rbxq f‚‡`e evey, Kve¨-mgv‡jvPK †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh©... ivgMwZ b¨vqiZœ, Avh©`k©b m¤úv`K †hv‡M›`ª we`¨vf‚lY evm Kwi‡Zb| AÿqP›`ªI GLv‡b †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh©‡K ÔcÖwm× Kve¨-mgv‡jvPKÕ wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…wZ w`‡q‡Qb| GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U ÔKwZcq cÖwm× Kwei KweZv cÖKvwkZ nBevi c~‡e© †ÿÎbv‡_i wbKU †cÖwiZ nBZ|Õ m¤úv`K f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq ¯^qs Gme KweZv wePv‡ii Ges g‡bvbq‡bi j‡ÿ¨ †ÿÎbv‡_i Kv‡Q cvVv‡Zb| †ÿÎbv_ †mme KweZv †`‡L †`Iqvi ci †mme KweZv cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ †`Iqv nZ| GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U KweZv-mgv‡jvPbvi e¨vcv‡i †ÿÎbv_‡K wb‡q GKwU gRvi Mí Av‡Q : GKmg‡q †Kvb GK e¨w³ GWz‡Kkb †M‡R‡U mgv‡jvwPZ nBevi Rb¨ GKLvwb ÿz`ª Kve¨ †ÿÎbv‡_i wbKU cvVvBqv †`b| wZwb Zvnv mgv‡jvPbv Kwi‡Z m¤§Z nb bv| mgv‡jvPbv Kwievi Rb¨ Kwe Zuvnv‡K evi¤^vi cÎ †jLvq wZwb Kve¨Lvwbi mgv‡jvPbv K‡ib, ÔGB Kv‡e¨ loi‡mi cÖvq mKj imB Av‡Q| wQj bv †Kej A™¢Z z im; wKš‘ Kve¨Lvwb cÖKvk Kwiqv Zvnvi AeZviYv Kiv nBqv‡Q|Õ

mvZ

GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPbv cÖKv‡ki e¨vcv‡i †ÿÎbv‡_i GKUv ¸iæZ¡cY~ © f‚wgKv wQj| †ÿÎbv‡_i cÖh‡Zœ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U ÔA‡bK Awfbe welqIÕ wjwLZ nZ| ÔbvUK I Dcb¨vmÕ kxl©K GKwU Av‡jvPbv-cÖe‡Ü †ÿÎbv_ wj‡LwQ‡jb †h, ÔcÖnmb iPbv m¤^‡ÜÕ Avgv‡`i †`‡k A‡bK †jL‡KiB fzj aviYv i‡q‡Q| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb : evsjv fvlvq cÖPvwiZ cÖnmb gv·KB †`wLqv †eva nq MÖšK ’ viMY g‡b K‡ib, cÖnm‡bi bvqK cÖfw… Z cvÎM‡Yi gyL nB‡Z nvm¨i‡mvÏxcK Dw³-cÖZ¨z w³ evwni Kwi‡Z cvwi‡jB cÖnmb nBj| wKš‘ ev¯ÍweK cÖnm‡b Av‡iv ¸iæZi DcKi‡Yi cÖ‡qvRb _v‡K| cÖnm‡bi Dcv`vb Ggbfv‡e iPbv Kwi‡Z nq, ANUb NUvBqv bvqK cÖfw… Z e¨w³MY‡K Ggb Ae¯’vq †dwj‡Z nq †h, †hb Zvnv nB‡ZB nvm¨i‡mi cÖPiz ZisM DwV‡Z _v‡K| Gici wZwb we`¨vmvM‡ii åvwšÍwejvm m¤ú‡K© gšÍe¨ Ki‡Z wM‡q wj‡L‡Qb : Ck¦iP›`ª we`¨vmvMi Kve¨iZœvKi ¯^iƒc †m·cxqi nB‡Z †h cÖnmb we‡k‡li DcvL¨vb msKjbc~eK © åvwšÍwejvm MÖš’ iPbv Kwiqv‡Qb, Zvnv GBiƒc †KŠZzKven NUbvi Av`k©¯j ’ | A_©vr †ÿÎbv‡_i g‡Z, we`¨vmvM‡ii åvwšÍwejvm Av`k© cÖnmb| GB gZ wb‡q gZ‰ØaZvi AeKvk _vK‡Z cv‡i, wKš‘ †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© Zuvi wb‡Ri we‡ePbvcÖmZ ~ gZvgZ cÖ`v‡bi †ÿ‡Î wQ‡jb wbtk¼| Zuvi GB wewkóZv Zuv‡K Dwbk kZ‡Ki wØZxqv‡a©i evsjv mgv‡jvPK wn‡m‡e L¨vwZgvb K‡iwQj| †ÿÎbv_ `xbeÜz wg‡Îi maevi GKv`kx bvU‡Ki Ici GKwU mywe¯ÍZ … mgv‡jvPbv wj‡LwQ‡jb, hv wKbv Ôev½vjv mvwnZ¨ fvÐv‡i h‡Zœ iwÿZ nBevi wRwbm|Õ4 maevi GKv`kxi mgv‡jvPbv cÖm‡½

36

†ÿÎbv_ wj‡LwQ‡jb : ü`q‡K Av‡jvwKZ Kwievi ewý †h †Kvb DcKiY nB‡ZB AvüZ nDK bv †Kb, Zvnv‡Z ÿwZe„w× bvB| Kve¨i‡mi gvnvZ¥¨ †Kej Bnvi wb‡Ri cÖKw… Z I wb‡Ri c~YZ © vi Dci wbf©i K‡i| Z‡e `xbeÜzi jxjveZx‡K †ÿÎbv_ Ggb †Kv‡bv Ô¸YeËvÕm¤úbœ e‡j g‡b K‡ibwb, hvi Rb¨ G-bvUK‡K cÖPwjZ Ab¨vb¨ bvUK †_‡K Avjv`v K‡i †`Lv †h‡Z cv‡i| Kwe wenvixjvj PµeZx©i esMmy›`ix Kve¨v‡jvPbv cÖm‡½ †ÿÎbv_ wj‡L‡Qb †h, gvB‡Kj gaym`~ b `‡Ëi nvZ a‡i †gNbv`ea Ges wZ‡jvËgvm¤¢e Kv‡e¨i iƒc a‡i ÔfviZx †`ex e½f‚wg‡Z AeZxY©Õ n‡q‡Qb! Avi Gi wKQy c‡iB mivmwi gšÍe¨ K‡i‡Qb : ÔAvgv‡`i P‡ÿ esMmy›`ix DrK…ó Kve¨ b‡n|Õ Kwe wenvixjv‡ji iPbvi cÖvÄjZv wb‡qI wZwb cÖkœ Zz‡j‡Qb| maevi GKv`kx bvU‡Ki PwiÎ wb‡g `Ë Ges bvU¨Kvi `xbeÜzi mv_©KZv-e¨_©Zvi Av‡jvPbv cÖm‡½ †ÿÎbv_ wj‡L‡Qb : gbyl¨gv‡ÎiB cÖKw… Z †`vl-¸Y RwoZ nq| wbiew”Qbœ †`vl gby‡l¨ _v‡K bv, Avevi wbiew”Qbœ ¸Y gby‡l¨ _v‡K bv|... wbiew”Qbœ †`vl I ¸‡Yi eY©bv iPbv‡f‡` cÖ‡qvRbxq nB‡Z cv‡i, imvZ¥K iPbvwe‡k‡lI my›`i nB‡Z cv‡i| wKš‘ A¯^vfvweK ewjqv Zvnv bvU‡Ki c‡ÿ Dc‡hvMx b‡n|... Avgv‡`i †`‡k †h mg¯Í bvUK Gÿ‡Y cÖPvwiZ nB‡Z‡Q, Zvnv‡Z bvU‡KvwPZ cÖKw… Z iPbvi wbZvšÍ Afve †`wL‡Z cvIqv hvq| `xbeÜzeveyI H Afve‡`vl nB‡Z gy³ b‡nb| Zuvnvi iwPZ Ab¨ bvU‡K GB Ômaevi GKv`kxÕ MÖ‡š’i Ab¨ ¯’v‡bI GB †`v‡li cÖKvk Av‡Q| wKš‘ wb‡g `‡Ëi iPbv wel‡q wZwb m¤ú~Y© K…ZKvh© nBqv‡Qb| †m wbwgË Avgiv Zuv‡K mvayev` RvbvB| GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡U †ÿÎbv_ Ck¦iP›`ª we`¨vmvM‡ii åvwšÍwejv‡mi GKwU †gvUvgywU `xN© mgv‡jvPbv wj‡LwQ‡jb| †ÿÎbv_ GB åvwšÍwejv‡mi mgv‡jvPbv cÖm‡½ wj‡LwQ‡jb : G MÖšL’ vwb iPwqZvi ¯^K‡cvjKwíZ b‡n, BsjÛxq KweKzj-P‚ovgwY †m·cxqvi cÖYxZ bvUK we‡k‡li DcvL¨vbfvM Aej¤^b Kwiqv iwPZ nBqv‡Q| Kvwj`v‡mi kKzšj Í v I fef‚wZi DËiivgPwiZ Aej¤^b Kwiqv we`¨vmvMi gnvkq ev½vjvfvlvq †h `yBUv Ac~e© c`v_© m„Rb KwiqvwQ‡jb, †m·cxqvi‡K Aej¤^b Kwiqv †miƒc K…ZKvh© nBqv‡Qb wKbv, Avgv‡`i †KŠZ‚nj cÖ_‡g †mB wel‡qi AbymÜv‡bB cÖavweZ nBqvwQj| †m·cxqvi cvwV e¨w³gv‡ÎB Rv‡bb, GB gnvKwe cÖwZwôZ iZœvMv‡i †h mg¯Í Ag~j¨ iZœivwk wbwnZ Av‡Q, Zb¥‡a¨ åvwšÍ cÖnmb bvUK me©wbK…ó| we`¨vmvMi gnvkq GZ‡Ï‡k †m·cxqv‡ii cwiPq †`evi wbwgË Z`xq me©wbK…ó bvUKLvwb g‡bvbxZ Kwiqv Avcbvi AvkqMZ ÎæwU †`LvB‡Qb ewj‡Z nB‡e;... Gfv‡e †kK&mwcq‡ii Ôme©wbK…óÕ bvUK Aej¤^‡b we`¨vmvMi åvwšÍwejvm iPbv K‡i‡Qb Ges wb‡Ri ÔAvkqMZ ÎæwUiÕ cwiPq †i‡L‡Qb Ñ G-ai‡bi gšÍe¨ K‡iI †ÿÎbv_ wj‡L‡Qb : åvwšÍ cÖnmb †m·cxqv‡ii me©wbK…ó bvUK nB‡jI, Bnv‡Z we`¨vmvMi gnvk‡qi m`„k †jv‡Ki hZc‡ivbvw¯Í ÿgZv cÖKv‡ki ¯’j Av‡Q m‡›`n †bB|... we`¨vmvMi cÖYxZ †Kvb Kve¨MÖš’ cwo‡j me©v‡MÖ Zuvnvi imMÖvwnZv kw³i cÖLiZvi cÖwZ we‡kl `„wó c‡o| wb‡Ri Kíbvkw³ GZ Aí _vwKqv †Kej imvbyfveKZv kw³i e‡j Ac‡ii fve‡K mg¨K cwigv‡Y wbRvqZ¡ Kwi‡Z cv‡ib, G ch©šÍ ev½vjv †jL‡Ki g‡a¨ Avgiv we`¨vmvM‡ii m`„k Kvnv‡KI †`wL bvB|


weÁvcb-4

37


AvU

Pvik UvKv gvwmK †eZ‡bi miKvwi PvKwi †Q‡o w`‡q G‡m †ÿÎbv_ gvÎ cÂvk UvKv gvwmK †eZ‡b GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui mnKvix m¤úv`‡Ki PvKwi wb‡qwQ‡jb Lywkg‡bB, G-K_v wVKB| wKš‘ wbZvšÍ Avw_©K `y`k © v Zuv‡K wecbœ K‡i ZzjwQj| Pvik UvKv gvwmK †eZ‡bi PvKwi hLb Ki‡Zb †m-mgq Zuvi wKQy-wKQy `y¯’ AvZ¥xq-¯^Rb‡K †ÿÎbv_ ÔgvwmK wKQy wKQyÕ mvnvh¨ Ki‡Zb| Qvovi mgq Zuvi G-K_vwU Lye †e‡RwQj, KviY †mBme `y¯’ AvZ¥xq-¯^R‡bi Avi mvnvh¨ Kiv Zuvi c‡ÿ `y®‹i n‡q DV‡e| cieZx©Kv‡j GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui mnKvix m¤úv`‡Ki PvKwi KivKvjxb gvÎ cÂvk UvKv †eZb †_‡K †m mvnvh¨ wK Ae¨vnZ ivLv Avi m¤¢e wQj? 1873-74 wLªóvã bvMv` †ÿÎbv_ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui PvKwi †Q‡o †`b| G-PvKwi Z¨v‡Mi wbw`©ó †Kv‡bv KviY Rvbv hvqwb| ivRf³ f‚‡`‡ei m‡½ `„wófw½MZ †Kv‡bv Ø›Ø n‡qwQj wKbv ZvI Rvbv hvq bv| †h-AvZ¥m¤§vb‡ev‡ai RvqMv †_‡K miKvwi PvKwi †ÿÎbv_ †njvq Z¨vM K‡iwQ‡jb, †mB AvZ¥m¤§vb‡eva GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui mnKvix m¤úv`‡Ki KvR Ki‡Z wM‡q KL‡bv wewNœZ n‡qwQj wKbv Rvbv hvq bv| mnKvix m¤úv`‡Ki KvR Kivi cvkvcvwk Avw_©K Kvi‡YB †ÿÎbv_‡K †ek K‡qKwU evsjv cvV¨cy¯K Í wjL‡Z n‡qwQj| GB cvV¨cy¯K Í ¸‡jvi GKUv ZvwjKv wb‡P †`Iqv nj : Rwic I cwiwgwZ (1873) be wkï‡eva (1873) KweZv msMÖn (1876) ïf¼ix (1878) jNy cwiwgwZ (1886) wbwLj miKvi Zuvi ÔAvw`hy‡Mi cvV¨cy¯K Í Õ kxl©K cÖe‡Ü †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPv‡h©i `ywU eB‡qi D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb : be wkï‡eva Ges wkï‡evaK| wkï‡evaK‡K wZwb ÔweL¨vZÕ MÖ‡š’i wk‡ivcv w`‡q‡Qb| wbwLj miKvi Av‡iv Rvwb‡q‡Qb : BwÛqv Awdm jvB‡eªwi‡Z †h eB¸‡jv Av‡Q Zvi g‡a¨ cÖvPxbZgwUi cÖKvk 1851 wLªóv‡ã| †mwU cÖ_g ms¯‹iY wKbv ZvwjKvq Zvi D‡jøL †bB| 1878 wLªóv‡ãi g‡a¨ Iuiv 30wU eB msMÖn K‡i‡Qb| meKqwUi c„ôvmsL¨v GK bq... 1869 wLªóv‡ãi ms¯‹iYwU‡K ejv n‡q‡Q Ñ b„Z¨jvj `Ë KZ…K © ms‡kvwaZ! †evSv †Mj bv wbwLjevey Dc‡iv³ D×…wZi †k‡l we¯§qm~PK wPý (!) †Kb w`‡jb| Z‡e wkï‡evaK †ÿÎbv‡_i iwPZ cy¯K Í wKbv m‡›`n Av‡Q| †ÿÎbv‡_i Rb¥ 1836 wLªóv‡ã| wkï‡evaK cÖKv‡ki mgq Zvn‡j †ÿÎbv‡_i eqm wQj c‡bi eQi! GUv LvwbKUv Am¤¢‡ei wkíPP©v n‡q hvq bv wK? Z‡e †ÿÎbv‡_i GB cvV¨cy¯K Í ¸‡jv mgmg‡q QvÎgn‡j mgv`„Z n‡qwQj| Zuvi Dc‡iv³ cvV¨cy¯K Í ¸‡jvi g‡a¨ †ek K‡qKwU eB evsjv ¯‹‡z j cVb-cvV‡bi Rb¨ †U·U eyK KwgwU Øviv g‡bvbxZ n‡qwQj| eB¸‡jv eû eQi ¯‹j z ¸‡jv‡Z cvV¨cy¯‡Í Ki m¤§vb AR©b K‡iwQj| GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui cvZvq †ÿÎbv‡_i wewfbœ cy¯‡Í Ki weÁvcb wbqwgZ cÖKvwkZ nZ| †hgb †M‡R‡Ui 1286 e½v‡ãi 19 †cŠl msL¨vq †ÿÎbv‡_i ïf¼ixi weÁvc‡b ejv n‡qwQj ÔkxNªB evwni nB‡eÕ| Avi Gi wVK cuvP mßvn c‡i †M‡R‡U cÖKvwkZ weÁvc‡b ejv nq ïf¼ix cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| cwÎKvi 1280 e½v‡ãi 30 dvêyb msL¨vq cÖKvwkZ weÁvcb †_‡K Rvbv hvq †h, †ÿÎbv‡_i jNy cwiwgwZ kxl©K cy¯K Í wUi g~j¨ Pvi Avbv, Avi GB

38

eBwUi cÖvw߯’vb wn‡m‡e wn›`y †nv‡÷j Ges ûMwj bg©vj ¯‹‡z ji Z…Zxq wkÿ‡Ki Kv‡Q ÔcÖvße¨Õ e‡j DwjøwLZ n‡qwQj| †M‡R‡Ui 1280 e½v‡ãi 7 AMÖnvqY msL¨v †_‡K Rvbv hvq †h, bewkï‡eva ÔkxNªB evwni nB‡e|Õ †ÿÎbv‡_i ÔbvUK I bvU‡Ki AwfbqÕ kxl©K †ek wKQymsL¨K mgv‡jvPbvg~jK cÖeÜ cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui 1279 e½v‡ãi 5 ˆR¨ô msL¨v †_‡K avivevwnKfv‡e| GB †jLv¸‡jv DËiKv‡j MÖšv’ Kv‡i cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj bvUK I bvU‡Ki Awfbq I Ab¨vb¨ cÖeÜ wk‡ivbvgvq| cy¯K Í wUi wk‡ivbvgv wQj wbgœiƒc : bvUK I bvU‡Ki Awfbq I Ab¨vb¨ cÖeÜ †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© g~j¨ AvU Avbv cÖKvkK kÖx Aewbbv_ fÆvPvh©, 106/3, Avgnv÷© w÷ªU, KjKvZv †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPv‡h©i g„Z¨z i wZwik eQi ci 1920 wLªóv‡ãi Ryb gv‡m G-MÖš’ cÖKv‡ki ÔweÁvcbÕ As‡k †ÿÎbv‡_i cyÎ Aewbbv_ fÆvPvh© wj‡LwQ‡jb : wcZ…‡`e †uÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh©¨ (BwÄwbqvi) gnvkq GK mg‡q GWz‡Kkb †M‡RU bvgK mvßvwnK c‡Îi m¤úv`K wQ‡jb| Zuvnvi wjwLZ KZK¸wj cÖeÜ †mB mg‡q GWz‡Kkb †M‡R‡U cÖKvwkZ nBqvwQj, Zvnvi ci †m¸wj Avi cÖKvwkZ nq bvB| Zvnv nB‡Z PvwiUx cÖeÜ H cy¯‡Í K cybg©wy `ªZ nBj|... 106/3 bs Avgnv÷© w÷ªU kÖx Aewbbv_ fÆvPvh© KjKvZv kÖveY, mb 1327 GLv‡b †ÿÎbv_‡K GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui m¤úv`K ejv n‡q‡Q| G-Z_¨ wVK bq| Z‡e †ÿÎbv_-cyÎ G-cy¯‡Í Ki ÔweÁvcbÕ As‡k Av‡iv Rvwb‡q‡Qb : ÔbvUK I bvU‡Ki AwfbqÕ bvgK †hUx cÖavb cÖeÜ, Zvnv‡Z `xbeÜzeveyi maevi GKv`kxi we¯ÍZ … mgv‡jvPbv _vKvq, Ges cywjk maevi GKv`kxi cÖPvi wb‡la Kivq ZLb weiZ nB| cywj‡ki GBiƒc Av‡`k cÖPvi Ges Zvnvi weiæ‡× †`‡ki weÁ I weØvb e¨w³w`‡Mi g‡a¨ A‡b‡Ki Awf‡hvM I Zuvnv‡`i †Póvi d‡j †m Av‡`‡ki cÖZ¨vnvi nB‡Z Bnv eySv hvq †h, maevi GKv`kx MÖ‡š’i h_v_© ¸Yv¸Y A‡b‡K eywS‡jI, ey‡Sb bv Ggb A‡b‡K Av‡Qb| GB mgv‡jvPbvUx cÖKvk Kwi‡j maevi GKv`kx eywSevi c‡ÿ mnvqZv nB‡e, Ges Bnvi cÖPvi Øviv maevi GKv`kxi cÖKZ … mgv`‡ii e„w× nB‡e ewjqv Avgiv g‡b Kwi| KjKvZv wicb K‡j‡Ri cÖv³b Aa¨ÿ K…òKgj fÆvPvh© G-MÖ‡š’i m~Pbvc‡e© GKwU ÔIwcwbAbÕ wj‡L w`‡qwQ‡jb| †jLvi †k‡l wZwb ZvwiL wj‡LwQ‡jb : Ryb, 1920 wLªóvã| Ñ GB cy¯K Í wU cÖKv‡ki Ae¨ewnZ c‡iB gvbmx I gg©evYx cwÎKvi 1327 e½v‡ãi Avwk¦b msL¨vq MÖšw’ Ui mgv‡jvPbv cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj| bq ¯§„wZ‡Z †mKvj MÖ‡š’ †hv‡M›`ªKgz vi P‡Ævcva¨vq f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq m¤ú‡K© A‡bK K_v wj‡L‡Qb wKš‘ †mLv‡b f‚‡`‡ei wcÖq QvÎ †ÿÎbv‡_i D‡jøL †Kv_vI †bB! Z‡e `xbeÜz wgÎ Zuvi myiaybx Kv‡e¨ f‚‡`‡ei m‡½ †ÿÎbv‡_i bvg D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb :


myfe¨ f‚‡`e weÁ cwÐZ myRb, ¸iægnvkq-¸iæ ïf-`ikb, e½‡`k mvwn‡Z¨i DbœwZ-mvaK, KvwU‡Z‡Q myhZ‡b AÁvb-KÈK, iwe kkx QvÎØq AwZ D”P gb, †ÿÎbv_ axi, axi kir iZb| `xbeÜz wgÎ GLv‡b f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq‡K Ômyfe¨Õ, ÔweÁ cwÐZÕ Ges ÔmyRbÕ e‡j AwfwnZ K‡i‡Qb Ges Ab¨w`‡K f‚‡`‡ei wcÖq QvÎ †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh©‡K AwfwnZ K‡i‡Qb ÔaxiÕ A_©vr w¯’Zax e‡j| †ÿÎbv_ cvwL wkKv‡i AvMÖnx wQ‡jb e‡j f‚‡`e-cyÎ gyK›z `‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq †ÿÎbv_‡K GKwU †`vbjv e›`yK w`‡qwQ‡jb| 1873-74 wLªóvã bvMv`5 †ÿÎbv_ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡R‡Ui PvKwi Z¨vM K‡i Kzwgjøvq P‡j hvb Ges †mLv‡b wWw÷ª± BwÄwbqv‡ii c‡` †hvM †`b| Gici Ôevey bxjv¤^i gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi h‡Zœ wZwb Kvk¥xi hvBqv Kvk¥xi iv‡R¨i cÖavb BwÄwbqvi wbhy³Õ n‡qwQ‡jb| Gici wZwb KjKvZvq wd‡i Av‡mb Ges K‡qKRb A¨vUwb©i mvnv‡h¨ cvwU©kv‡bi KvR ïiæ K‡ib| Ô†ej †P¤^vim mv‡ne mwe‡kl m¾b Rvwbqv ¯^xq Avwc‡mi A‡bK cvwU©kv‡bi KvR Zuvnv‡K w`‡Zb|Õ GB cvwU©kv‡bi Kv‡R †_‡K †ÿÎbv_ cÖfZ ‚ A_© DcvR©b K‡iwQ‡jb Ges KjKvZvq K‡qKwU eo-eo evwo wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb| Gme evwoi fvovi UvKvq †ÿÎbv‡_i cy·`i ÔwebvK‡óÕ w`bvwZcvZ m¤¢e n‡qwQj| wKš‘ mvwnZ¨ msmvi †_‡K wb‡R‡K wew”Qbœ K‡i wb‡q GB bZzb ¯^v”Q‡›`¨i AvenvIqvq †ÿÎbv_ †ewkw`b Af¨¯Í n‡Z cv‡ibwb| wZwb µgkB Amy¯’ n‡q co‡Z _v‡Kb| 1890 wLªóv‡ãi 9 GwcÖj †ÿÎbv_ †UwjMÖvg K‡i Zuvi wkÿv¸iæ f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi cyÎ gyK›z `‡`e‡K Rvwb‡qwQ‡jb †h, Zuvi ÔhK…‡Z †duvovÕ n‡q‡Q| Gici Zuvi wPwKrmvi LeivLei †bIqvi Rb¨ gyK›z `‡`e †ÿÎbv‡_i evwo‡Z hvb| Zuvi †nvwgIc¨vw_ wPwKrmv Kiv n‡Z _v‡K| wZwb LvwbKUv my¯‡’ eva K‡ib| wKš‘ Zuvi Rxebxkw³ µgk ÿq †c‡Z _v‡K| 1890 wLªóv‡ãi 1 wW‡m¤^i †ÿÎbv_‡K KjKvZvq Avbv nq Ges we‡`wk Wv³v‡ii civgk© †bIqv nq| wKš‘ wKQy‡ZB Avi wKQy nqwb| †kl ch©šÍ wW‡m¤^i 16, 1890 mKvj bqUv †_‡K `kUvi g‡a¨ KjKvZvq †ÿÎbv‡_i g„Z¨z nq| †ÿÎbv‡_i hLb g„Z¨z nq ZLb Zuvi PvB‡Z eq‡m AbyR ew¼gP›`ª P‡Ævcva¨vq, Zuvi PvB‡Z wZb eQ‡ii e‡ov MÖvgevË©v cÖKvwkKv-m¤úv`K nwibv_ gRyg`vi, bq eQ‡ii e‡ov I Zuvi wcÖq wkÿK f‚‡`e gy‡Lvcva¨vq Ges Zuvi PvB‡Z †lv‡jv eQ‡ii AMÖR Ck¦iP›`ª we`¨vmvMi RxweZ| cÖqvZ n‡q‡Qb gaym`~ b `Ë, `xbeÜz wgÎ, KvjxcÖmbœ wmsn, nwikP›`ª gy‡Lvcva¨vq cÖgLy | A_P gvÎ Pzqvbœ eQi eq‡m †ÿÎbv‡_i AKvj cÖqvY mgmg‡q GKiKg D‡cwÿZB †_‡K wM‡qwQj| DËiKv‡jI †ÿÎbv_ Av‡jvPbvi Av‡jvK‡ÿ‡Î cÖ‡e‡ki QvocÎ cvbwb| 2016 wLªóv‡ã †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPv‡h©i GKk AvwkZg Rb¥evwl©Kx| we¯§„wZi AUj AÜKvi †_‡K GB weL¨vZ mgv‡jvPK Z_v mvwnZ¨‡mex‡K wK Av‡jvPbvi Av‡jvK‡ÿ‡Î wb‡q Avmv m¤¢e? UxKv 1. f‚‡`eP›`ª Zuvi Revew`wn‡Z iwebmb mv‡n‡ei weåvwšÍgj ~ K Abyev‡`i cÖwZ miKv‡ii `„wó AvKl©Y K‡i †evSv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb †h, KweZvwU‡Z fviZevmxi weMZKv‡ji GK mg‡qi g‡bi fve cÖ`wk©Z n‡q‡Q| Gi e³e¨ miKv‡ii weiæ‡× bq| ZvQvov KweZvwUi MxwZgqZvI G‡K cÖKv‡kvc‡hvMx K‡i Zz‡jwQj| 2. †m‡Þ¤^i 20, 1862 Zvwi‡Li `¨ BwÛqvb wdì cwÎKvi GK msev‡` Rvbv hvq †h, miKvi cÖ`Ë fvZv `yk UvKv †_‡K e„w× K‡i

`yk mËi UvKv Kiv nq IÕeªv‡qb w¯§_ I i½jvj e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi c‡ÿ myôf z v‡e cwÎKv cwiPvjbvi ¯^v‡_©| A_©vr i½jvj e‡›`¨vcva¨vq GB mgq GB cwÎKvi mnKvix m¤úv`‡Ki `vwqZ¡ cvjb KiwQ‡jb Ñ GB Z_¨ GLv‡b cÖKvk cvq| 3. †ngP‡›`ªi m‡½ †ÿÎbv‡_i LyeB †mŠnv‡`©¨i m¤úK© eZ©gvb wQj| †ÿÎbv_ †hgb †M‡R‡U †ngP‡›`ªi weL¨vZ KweZv¸‡jv cÖKv‡ki e¨vcv‡i mdj D‡`¨vM wb‡qwQ‡jb, †ZgbB †ngP‡›`ªi MÖ‡š’i cÖKvkK wn‡m‡eI †ÿÎbv_ Amxg I ¸iæZ¡cY~ © `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡iwQ‡jb| †ngP‡›`ªi e„Îmsnvi Kve¨MÖšw’ U `ywU L‡Ð cÖKvwkZ nq| cÖ_g LÐ cÖKvwkZ nq 1281 e½v‡ã| cÖKvkbvi AvL¨vc‡Î Av‡Q : ÔkÖx †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© KZ…K © cÖKvwkZ (55 bs K‡jR w÷ªU, KjKvZv)| 1281 mvj|Õ e„Îmsnvi Kve¨MÖšw’ Ui wØZxq LÐ cÖKvwkZ nq 1284 e½v‡ã| AvL¨vc‡Î †jLv Av‡Q : ÔkÖx †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© KZ…K © KjKvZv, fevbxPiY `‡Ëi †jb, 17 bs fe‡b cÖKvwkZ| 1284|Õ Av‡iv Rvbv hv‡”Q, GB MÖšw’ U fevbxPiY `Ë †j‡bi ivq †cÖ‡m gyw`ªZ n‡qwQj| cÖKv‡ki Bs‡iwR ZvwiL †m‡Þ¤^i 15, 1877| GLv‡b GKUv welq g‡bv‡hv‡Mi `vwe iv‡L| †ngP‡›`ªi e„Îmsnvi Kv‡e¨i cÖ_g LÐ hLb †ÿÎbv_ cÖKvk K‡ib †mB mgqUv 1281 e½vã A_©vr 1874 e½vã| GB mgq †ÿÎbv_ m¤¢eZ GRy‡Kkvb †M‡RU †_‡K m‡i G‡m‡Qb| Avi wØZxq LÐ †Zv wZwb cÖKvk K‡ib 1877 wLªóv‡ã A_©vr Av‡iv c‡i, hLb mvwnZ¨msmvi †_‡K ¯^c‡Ö qvR‡b †¯^”Qvwbe©vmb wb‡jI cig myü` Ges Zuvi wcÖq Kwe †ngP›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi Kve¨MÖš’ cÖKv‡ki e¨vcv‡i †ÿÎbv‡_i †Kv‡bv NvUwZ c‡owb| 4. `xbeÜz wg‡Îi maevi GKv`kx bvU‡Ki †h-mgv‡jvPbv †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPvh© wj‡LwQ‡jb, †mB mgv‡jvPbv-cÖeÜwU m¤ú‡K© kÖxKzgvi e‡›`¨vcva¨vq wj‡L‡Qb : †ÿÎbv_ fÆvPv‡h©i Ômaevi GKv`kxÕ cÖe‡Ü `xbeÜzi Agi m„wó wb‡g `Ëi PwiÎ-we‡køl‡Y... m~²`wk©Zvi cwiPq †`q|... †ÿÎbv_eveyi cÖe‡Ü wb‡g `‡Ëi... cÖKw… Zˆewkó¨wU PgrKvifv‡e †`Lvb nBqv‡Q| Zvnvi Dw³i g‡a¨ †h nvm¨iwmKZv Zvnv †ÿÎbv_evey evqyweK…wZcÖmZ ~ ewjqv wb‡`©k Kwiqv‡Qb| Bnvi g‡a¨ †Kej gvZv‡ji Amse× cÖjvc Qvov cÖKw… Zi ¯’vqx weKv‡ii wPýI mycwiùzU|... mvwnZ¨ wePvi m¤^‡Ü Ggb ms¯‹vigy³, cÖMwZkxj g‡bvfve AvaywbK hy‡MI Avgiv m¤ú~Y© MÖnY Kwi‡Z cvwiqvwQ wKbv †m wel‡q m‡›`‡ni Aemi Av‡Q| 5. ¯§iY ivLv `iKvi †h, †ÿÎbv_ Zuvi RxweZKv‡j evsjv‡`‡k msNwUZ wewfbœ MYAv‡›`vjb I cÖRvwe‡`ªvn m¤ú‡K© bxie J`vmxb¨B †`wL‡qwQ‡jb| 1855 wLªóv‡ã hLb muvIZvj we‡`ªvn msNwUZ nq ZLb Zuvi eqm gvÎ Dwbk eQi| 1857-Gi gnvwe‡`ªvn msNU‡bi mgq Zuvi eqm GKzk| 1859-60-G bxj Av‡›`vjb msNU‡bi mgq wZwb †ZBk-PweŸk eQ‡ii hyeK| 1855 wLªóv‡ã muvIZvj we‡`ªv‡ni mgq wZwb KjKvZvi †cÖwm‡WwÝ K‡j‡Ri QvÎ| gnvwe‡`ªv‡ni mgq wZwb KjKvZvi wmwfj BwÄwbqvwis K‡j‡Ri QvÎ| bxj we‡`ªv‡ni mgq †ÿÎbv_ PvKwiiZ| wKš‘ Gme mgq-Av‡jvwoZ-Kiv NUbvewj Zuvi wPË ¯úk© K‡iwQj, Ggb Z_¨ AcÖvc¨| we‡`wk mv‡n‡ei m‡½ gZvšÍ‡ii d‡j wZwb miKvwi PvKwi‡Z B¯Ídv w`‡q wZwb †h `„óvšÍ ¯’vcb K‡iwQ‡jb, DËiKv‡j Zuvi Kg©ceÖ v‡n Zv AcÖwZdwjZ †_‡K‡Q| 1872-73 wLªóv‡ãi cvebv-wmivRMÄ cÖRvwe‡`ªvn Ges GB cÖRvwe‡`ªv‡ni `„p mg_©K ZrKvjxb evsjvi e¨wZµgx eyw×Rxex nwibv_ gRyg`v‡ii mvnmx f‚wgKvI †ÿÎbv‡_i gvbmc‡U †Kv‡bv cÖfve †d‡jwQj Ñ Ggb Z_¨ `ywb©ixÿ¨| r

39


ZzNjK mvw`K †nv‡mb

wV

K GB gyn~‡Z© 100 cvIqv‡ii ev‡j¦i wb‡P ï‡q ZzNjK eyS‡Z cv‡i, GB nvIqvjv‡Zi †fZi, GB nvIqvjv‡Zi †fZi Miv‡`i Mv †_‡K †ewi‡q Avmv Av‡jv, I †mB Av‡jvi cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z Zvi †Pv‡Li w`‡K avegvb Kvjvi¸‡jv, ˆLwb Svovi kã, jvwVi VzKVvK, GUv‡mUv meB Avm‡j IB 100 cvIqv‡ii ev‡j¦i Mv‡q †R‡Þ _vKv ay‡jvi gZ, †kÖwYkÎæi c‡KU †K‡U cvIqv gvwbe¨vMm`„k cweÎ Z_v wejxqgvb; A_©vr m‡›`nvZxZ bq| Dciš‘ j¤^v ey‡Ui kã‡K AbymiY Ki‡j, †m †Lqvj Ki‡e, cÖkœKZ©v Zvi w`‡KB GwM‡q Avm‡Q Ñ myZivs, wVK GB gyn~‡Z© wki`uvov Lvov K‡i e‡m _vKvUv n‡e ivR‰bwZK wePz¨wZ| ZzNjK ï‡q c‡o Ges hš¿YvKvZi K‡qw`‡`i gZ cv-Uv‡K †c‡Ui Kv‡Q †U‡b G‡b Ô`Õ n‡q hvq| `-G †`Šo| `-G `uvwocvjøvI e‡U| ZzNj‡Ki bvg ZzNjK †Kb? Ñ GB cÖ‡kœi DËi †c‡Z †M‡j GKUv †`Š‡oi w`‡K bRi †`Iqv Avgv‡`i GKvšÍ KZ©e¨| wKš‘ †h‡nZz Qvcv Aÿi ˆewkó¨MZfv‡e w¯’i, ZvB Avgv‡`i Kíbv Ki‡Z n‡e GB gyn~‡Z© e¨eüZ cÖwZwU kãB Avm‡j Pjgvb|

40

ïay Pjgvb †Kb, GB gyn~‡Z© wjwLZ kãiv GB †Zv cvnvo †_‡K MoMwo‡q bvg‡Q, Lwb †_‡K ûogywo‡q DV‡Q, e¨_© c‡KUgv‡ii gZ Zviv †`Šov‡”Q, Zv‡`i †cQ‡b Qyu‡PvevwR †Q‡o †`Iqv nqwb Zey Zviv †`Šov‡”Q, Zv‡`i Pvgov †_‡K †ewi‡q Avm‡Q i³ I K¨vjwmqvg Ges Zviv Ggb GK cÖvšÍ‡ii †fZi Xz‡K co‡Q †hLv‡b Av`vjZ I wKlvb, mgKvg I MwYZ Ges fzLniZvj Avi kã I Zvi ey¨rcwËMZ A_© me GK‡Î, mgvbZv‡j cÖme K‡i P‡j‡Q †h gvbwmK fvimvg¨nxbZv‡K Ñ ZvB ZzNjK| myZivs, ZzNjK Ñ GLv‡b ZzNjKB! Zey Avgv‡`i †Lqvj ivLv Riæwi Mí Ggb GK AvU©dg© †hLv‡b mv`v KvM‡Ri Ici Kv‡jv Aÿi Qvov Avi †Kv‡bv wKQyiB ev¯ÍweK Dcw¯’wZ †bB| meUvB Kíbv| d‡j cvVK cÖ_g †_‡KB †jL‡Ki `vwe¸‡jv‡K m‡›`n Ki‡Z _v‡K| Ab¨w`‡K †jLK Zuvi `vwe¸‡jv‡K †Rvi`vi Ki‡Z Ggb Q‡K Mí‡K euv‡ab hv‡Z g‡b nq Zuvi m„ó Pwiθ‡jv †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bvfv‡e Zuvi e¨w³-AwfÁZv †_‡K D‡V G‡m‡Q| †hb †jL‡Ki Kíbv AZUvI KvíwbK bq, GUvB †jLK cÖgvY Ki‡Z Pvb| cvVK-†jL‡Ki GB †evSvcovi gvÎvi IciB wK M‡íi mdjZv wbwg©Z nq?


AjsKiY : dwi`v Rvgvb hw` ZvB nq, Z‡e GBÿ‡Y ZzNjK m¤ú‡K© `y-Pvi wcm wn›Um w`‡q †`Iqv eyw×gv‡bi KvR n‡e| ZzNj‡Ki ev‡ci bvg wQj Lvwj`| wKš‘ Zvi †PvL †eov‡ji gZ †Nvjv‡U nIqvq wejøy Lvwj` bv‡gB cwiwPZ wQj †ewk| mewRevRv‡i hZUzKz RvqMv cvIqv †M‡j msmvi Pvjv‡bv hvq, wVK ZZUzKz RvqMvq `uvwocvjøvi Ggb GK wnmve †m Ki‡Z †c‡iwQj †h, Avcwb 500 MÖvg U‡g‡Uv PvB‡j PviwU U‡g‡Uv wb‡q Zvi `uvwocvjøv ZZUzKzB SzuKZ, hZUzKz SzuK‡j 500 MÖv‡gi wnmve †g‡j| ejv evûj¨, U‡g‡Uvi mvB‡Ri Ici Zv memgq wbf©i KiZ bv| Zv Qvov K_vq Av‡Q, gvby‡li †Pnviv Zvi Pwi·K wbg©vY K‡i| d‡j Zvi cv‡ki mewRIqvjviv cÖvqkB jvf-†jvKmv‡bi wnmve †gjv‡Z cviZ bv| m‡›`n G‡m coZ Aek¨B wejøy Lvwj‡`i Ici| wKš‘ †m memgq Ggb GK †Pv‡L Pviw`‡K ZvKv‡Z wk‡LwQj †h, cÖvq w`b g‡b nZ †mB w`bUvB Zvi GB evRv‡i cÖ_g w`b| †m †_ªU †cZ| KL‡bv-KL‡bv †nU w¯úP ïbZ| wKš‘ Mv‡q nvZ coZ bv| GKw`b †mUvI nj| GKRb eDw` U‡g‡Uv, KuvPvjsKv wKb‡Z G‡mwQj| †m gvwbe¨vM †d‡j †i‡L P‡j †Mj| c‡i †LuvR wb‡Z G‡j wejøy Lvwj` †mvRv wWbvB Ki‡Z _vKj| Zv‡K PvR© Kiv nj| mvP© Kiv nj| †k‡l

P‡Ui Zjv †_‡K gvwbe¨vMUv cvIqv †Mj| GB mgq ZzNj‡Ki eqm KZ wQj? eû †Póv K‡iI ZzNj‡Ki A¨vKR¨v± Rb¥wZw_i †LuvR cvIqv hvqwb| cÖvBgvwi ¯‹z‡j Zvi †h-Rb¥ZvwiL †`Iqv i‡q‡Q Zv wbf©i‡hvM¨ bq| KviY †fvUvi KvW© Abyhvqx Zvi eqm Avevi Ab¨| wek¦¯Ím~‡Î Rvbv hvq, †hw`b Zvi evc Mv‡qe n‡q †MwQj, †mw`b †m LvZzbgn‡j wc‡V Pvey‡Ki `vM wb‡q bvP‡Z _vKv gvayix `xwÿ‡Zi GK-†`v-wZbPvi †`LwQj| †ZRv‡ei wiwjR †WU 11 b‡f¤^i, 1988| myZivs 1988 mvj bvMv` Zvi eqm wQj jvMfvM 10-12 eQi| 1990 mv‡j Worldwide Web Gj| mv‡o mvZvk eQi †Rj LvUvi ci mvD_ Avwd«Kv †bjmb g¨v‡Ûjv‡K †invB w`j| BivK Kz‡qZ AvµgY Kij| Avevi GB mgq BwÛqv kÖxjsKv †_‡K †mbvevwnbx mwi‡q wb‡qwQj, Kvk¥x‡i WvB‡i± iæj Pvwc‡q wQj, gÐj Kwgk‡bi cÖ¯Ívebv‡K ev¯ÍevwqZ K‡iwQj| Gme NUbv Ges Av‡iv A‡bK wKQy ZzNj‡Ki Ici Kx Kx cÖfve we¯Ívi K‡iwQj? cywj‡ki jvwVi VKVKvwbi mvg‡b ZzNjK hv e‡j Zv cÖvq g¨vwRK wiq¨vwjRgm`„k| gv‡qi †c‡Ui †fZi _vKvKvjxb †m bvwK ev‡ci jvw_

41


†L‡qwQj| cÖgvY¯^iƒc wb‡Ri †euvPv bvKUv †`wL‡q e‡j, GB †h| G‡Z eoevey †n‡mB Kvwnj| Kb‡÷ej‡K †W‡K e‡jb, ïbyb, Avcbvi ZzNjK Kx e‡j| GB ej, ej bv| ZzNjK Avevi ïiæ Ki‡ZB eoevey Kb‡÷e‡ji w`‡K ZvKvb, wK †Nvl`v AvcwbI AvRKvj jvw_ w`‡”Qb bvwK? Kb‡÷e‡ji IqvBd †cÖMb¨v›U| Awdmvi †Kvb w`‡K Bw½Z w`‡”Qb Zv eyS‡Z †c‡i †m ZzNj‡Ki Ryjwc †U‡b `y-Pvi‡U Pzj wQu‡o †`q| Ñ Avn& †Nvl`v| eoevey LvwbK agK w`‡q ZzNj‡Ki w`‡K †d‡ib, †Zv ev‡ci cv-Uv †Zvi bv‡K †j‡MwQj! IUv cv wQj, bv Ab¨ wKQy? ZzB Rvbwj Kx K‡i? ZzNjK Rvbvq Zvi hLb eQicuv‡PK eqm n‡e †m Zvi evc-gv‡qi m‡½ `xNvq wM‡qwQj| Zvi GL‡bv g‡b Av‡Q, m‡Ü‡ejv evjyi Ici e‡m Zviv nvRvi nvRvi wUDejvBU‡K mgy‡`ªi Ici AvQvo †L‡q †f‡O †h‡Z †`‡LwQj| mKv‡j wm-we‡P g‡i hvIqv ZvivgvQ †`‡LwQj| mgy‡`ªi Icv‡i Kx Av‡Q, †m †`L‡Z cvqwb| Zey †Kv‡bv-†Kv‡bv iv‡Z Zvi Nyg †f‡O †M‡j †m †`L‡Z †cZ, gv cv‡k Ny‡gv‡”Q, Avi wejøy Lvwj` †eov‡ji gZ R¡jR¡‡j †PvL wb‡q Rvbvjvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q i‡q‡Q| †hb GLbB †m Rvbvjv w`q jvd †K‡U cv‡ki cuvwP‡j D‡V hv‡e| wKš‘ †m wKQyB KiZ bv| nq‡Zv GKUv wewo awi‡q †Q‡ji w`‡K ZvwK‡q _vKZ LvwbK| wejøy Lvwj` bv cvi‡jI jvd w`‡qwQj ZzNjK wb‡RB| 2000 mv‡j wcÖqvsKv †Pvcov wgm Iqvì© nj, I LOVE YOU fvBivm c„w_ex Ry‡o Kw¤úDUv‡i _vev emvj Avi ZzNjK wkey‡K m‡½ wb‡q Kzijv †÷k‡b cv †djj| Zvi mvivkixi SbSb K‡i D‡VwQj| wkey Mvb Mvq, B‡q †ev¤^vB †gwi Rvb| Kv‡b-Kv‡b e‡j, fvB UvKv-cqmv mvg‡j| ZzNjK †cQ‡bi c‡K‡U nvZ w`‡q †÷kb Uvwg©bvj cvi n‡qwQj| †m eovcvI †L‡q kn‡i wg‡k †h‡Z _v‡K| GKUv †nv‡U‡j KvR †bq| iv‡Z Avevi Kzijvq wd‡i Av‡m| †mLv‡b ˆ`wbK 20 UvKv w`‡j GKUv †MvWvD‡b 10-12 R‡bi m‡½ Nygv‡bvi e‡›`ve¯Í cvKv Kiv hvq| Zvici wgWbvB‡U wm‡g›UfwZ© IqvMb Qy‡U †M‡j †m wb‡Ri †fZi †Kgb Uvb Abyfe K‡i| ey‡ov-ey‡ov, †Luvov gvbyl¸‡jv‡K †`L‡jB fv‡e wejøy Lvwj`? GKevi Wej †WKv‡i D‡V †m †hb mviv kn‡i ïay †eov‡ji †PvL †`L‡Z cvq| R¡jR¡‡j wkKvwi †PvL| Ryû we‡Pi Ici jvw_ Klv‡”Q| ZzNjK wVK K‡i Avi bq| Gevi Dj‡Uv jvd †`Iqvi mgq G‡m‡Q| †m jvd w`‡q †hLv‡b Gj, †mLv‡b ZZw`‡b eywj msmvi †c‡Z‡Q| Ñ eywj †K? Awdmv‡ii cÖkœ ï‡b ZzNjK Ggb †Pv‡L ZvKvq hvi A_© eywji Aw¯ÍZ¡ GK AbšÍ BwZnv‡mi cvZvq cÖw_Z i‡q‡Q| AZGe Zvi gZ AÁ †QvKivi KvQ †_‡K †mB Aw¯Í‡Z¡i e¨vL¨v PvIqv n‡e wbZvšÍB bv`vb cwjwm| wKš‘ ZzNjK eyS‡Z fzj K‡i| cÖkvmb e¨vL¨v Pvq bv, Pvq d¨v±| ZvB eywji ei GKRb jK-AvDU cvU KviLvbvi kÖwgK, GUv Rvbvi c‡iB Awdmvi Pg‡K I‡Vb| eywS †Kv‡bv e„nr m‡Z¨i m¤§yLxb n‡Z P‡j‡Qb wZwb, GB †f‡e, D‡ËRbvq ZzNjK‡K `y-Pvi‡U Po Kwl‡q Avevi Rj †L‡Z †`b| ZzNjK wWmvBW Ki‡Z cv‡i bv RjUv wK †m Møv‡m gyL w`‡q Lv‡e? Møvm Gu‡Uv Ki‡j Avevi gvi Lv‡e bv †Zv? †k‡l EaŸ©Z‡bi gyL †`‡L Avi wi¯‹ †bq bv| Møvm DuPz K‡i Rj Lvq| LvwbK wR‡ivq| †mB my‡hv‡M Awdmvi †Pqvi †_‡K †b‡g Zvi w`‡K GwM‡q Av‡mb| Kb‡÷ej Awdmv‡ii w`‡K ZvwK‡q

42

_v‡K| Avnv, GB mgq, Awdmv‡ii ey‡Ui k‡ãi m‡½ †m wK †eov‡ji c`Pvjbvi †Kv‡bv m¤úK© ¯’vcb Ki‡Z †c‡iwQj? m¤¢vebv eoB Kg| †Kbbv eywji Dcw¯’wZ Zv‡K me©`vB KvíwbK K‡i ZzjZ| Zvi wb‡R‡K g‡b nZ †m †hb †jvKvj †Uª‡b cv‡ki wm‡U e‡m _vKv †mB †jvKUv, hvi m¤ú‡K© †m wKQyB Rv‡b bv| wKsev Gme G‡Kev‡i dvjZz| ZzNjK m¤ú‡K© Avgiv B‡Zvg‡a¨ hv aviYv ˆZwi K‡i †d‡jwQ, Zv hw` mwZ¨ nq, Z‡e ZzNj‡Ki c‡ÿ GB m~²Zvq wM‡q wKQy fvev wK Av‡`Š m¤¢e? Avmj K_v nj, eywji IB iKg †gvUv Mob, Sz‡j hvIqv eyK, †K‡jKzw”QZ gyLgÐj †`‡L ZzNjK GZUvB wgB‡q †hZ †h, †m fveZ Zvi hw` †Kv‡bv m‡nv`iv _vKZ Z‡e †m nZ eywji gZB Ges †m Zvi †mB bv-m‡nv`iv‡K Kíbv K‡i m‡gn‡b cÖe„Ë nZ cÖvqB| Z‡e GB mgq, hLb Awdmvi Zvi w`‡K GwM‡q Avm‡Qb, Gme K_vi D‡jøL NUbv‡K jNy K‡i †`q eBwK| ZvB Gme K_v AvcvZZ gyjZwe _vK| ei Avgiv B›Uv‡iv‡Mk‡bi w`‡K bRi w`BÑ Ñ eywji e‡ii bvg Kx? Ñ Zcb cÖvgvwYK| Ñ †Kv_vKvi RyU wg‡j KvR KiZ? Ñ nvIov| Ñ KviLvbvi bvg Kx? Ñ †WjUv (cy‡ivcywi Xc| †m ey‡S wM‡qwQj, wKQy-wKQy wmPz‡qk‡b AÁZv‡K ARynvZ wn‡m‡e Lvov Kiv AbywPZ)| Ñ ZzB †Kv‡bvw`b KviLvbvq wM‡qwQwj? Ñ bv| Ñ wVK K‡i ej| Ñ nu¨v| Ñ K‡e? Ñ A‡bKw`b nj| Ñ K‡e? Ñ Qq gvm n‡e| Ñ Kx Ki‡Z wM‡qwQwj? Ñ ILv‡b fzLniZvj nw”Qj| Avgv‡K wb‡q †MwQj| Ñ Avi Kviv wQj? Ñ A‡b‡K| Ñ A‡b‡K Kviv? Ñ wPwb bv| Ñ Kviv wQj? Ñ IB KviLvbvq hviv KvR KiZ| Ñ Kx K‡i Rvbwj, Iiv KviLvbvq KvR KiZ? Ñ ejvewj KiwQj| Ñ Avi Kx ejvewj KiwQj? Ñ KvbvLvbv K‡e Lyj‡e Ñ Gme| Ñ ZzB †Kb wM‡qwQwj? (ZzNjK Po Lvq) Ñ Avgv‡K wb‡q wMwQj| Ñ eywji ei †Kvb cvwU© K‡i? Ñ Rvwb bv| (Kvbgjv Lvq) Ñ †Kvb cvwU©? Ñ Rvwb bv| (Avevi Po) Ñ †Kvb †Mvcb wgwUs‡q wM‡qwQwj? Ñ ZzNjK Pzc| Ñ wPwVUv Kvi Rb¨ K¨vwi KiwQwj? Ñ wPwVUv Avgvi bv|


Ñ †K †Zv‡K wiµzU K‡iwQj? Ñ DËi †bB| (cv‡qi cvZvi Ici Awdmv‡ii eyU) Ñ Kx †jLv Av‡Q wPwVUvq Rvwbm? Ñ bv| Ñ †Zvi ev‡ci bvg Kx? Ñ Lvwj`| Ñ Awdmvi †n‡m I‡Vb| Kb‡÷ejI| Ñ jvUzqvwMwi‡Z Kevi wM‡qwQwj? Ñ hvBwb| Ñ Zc‡bi m‡½ †Zvi cwiPq K‡e †_‡K? Ñ eQi `yB| Ñ Zcb †Kvb RyU wg‡j KvR KiZ? Ñ ZzNjK AvgZv-AvgZv K‡i| eoevey Kb‡÷ej‡K Bkviv w`‡q evB‡i †ewi‡q Av‡mb| wb‡Ri †Uwe‡j e‡m wm‡MÖU awi‡q †Nvl`v‡K wR‡Ám K‡ib, Kx, mvmwcwmqvm g‡b n‡”Q? Ñ nvBwj| Awdmvi LvwbKÿY PzcPvc wm‡MÖU Lvb| †hb wb‡R‡K ¸wQ‡q wb‡”Qb| Zvici Kb‡÷e‡ji w`‡K ZvwK‡q †n‡m †d‡jb| †Nvl`v f¨vevP¨vKv Lvq, Kx nj m¨vi? Ñ Av”Qv ejyb †Zv GZ iK‡gi KvRKg© _vK‡Z †jvKR‡b Zey c‡KUgvwi Ki‡Z hvq †Kb? †fwi wiw¯‹ Re| GKUz Gavi-Iavi n‡jB cvewj‡Ki †Kjvwb| Zey †Kb? Ñ Iiv Avi Kx Ki‡e m¨vi| †L‡U †Zv †L‡Z Pvq bv| Ñ ZvB? Ñ Avevi Kx? Ñ Avi c‡KUgvi n‡Z †M‡j me‡_‡K Av‡M Kx `iKvi jv‡M? Ñ nvZmvdvB| Awdmvi nv‡mb| †hb Zvi nv‡Z wZb‡U †U°vB G‡m †M‡Q| wZwb Avi GKUv wm‡MÖU awi‡q e‡jb, †Nvl`v memgq cyi‡bv g‡Wj wK Avi Kv‡R †`q? Ñ ej‡Qb nvZmvdvB bq? Ñ Dû| Awdmvi `yw`‡K gv_v †b‡o e‡jb, A¨v‡mm‡g›U| Av`vi‡K A¨v‡mm Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j, †Kv‡bvw`b c‡KUgvwi Kiv hvq bv| Kvi c‡K‡U KZ UvKv Av‡Q, Kx †mj‡dvb Av‡Q... Gme hw` †m A¨v‡mm Ki‡Z bv †k‡L Z‡e eyS‡e Kxfv‡e Kvi c‡K‡U KLb nvZ w`‡Z n‡e? Avi Av`vi‡K A¨v‡mm Ki‡Z PvIqvUv GKUv †bkv| bv nq‡Zv †bkvI bv| cÖ¨vKwUm Ae b‡jR| wKsev b‡j‡Ri c¨vUvb©UvB nq‡Zv GUv| †mme †Zv nj, †Nvl`v Gevi cÖe‡j‡gi w`‡K †PvL †divq, Zv gvjUv‡K Kx Ki‡eb? G‡K wK c‡KUgviB fve‡Qb? Avi wPwVUv? †bv wjsK? Ñ A¨ve‡mvwjDUwj †bv wjsK| Awdmvi Avo‡gvov †f‡O e‡jb, hvi c‡K‡U nvZ w`‡qwQj wPwVUv ZviB| Zvici evm †_‡K ûogyo K‡i bvg‡Z †M‡j Zzwg I‡K K¨vP K‡iv| Ñ gvjUv‡K †Q‡o †`‡eb? Ñ †i‡L Kx jvf| gvSLvb †_‡K wnDg¨vb ivBUm Xz‡K †M‡j Avevi †K‡jv| Z‡e Ggbfv‡e Qvo‡Z n‡e hv‡Z I eyS‡Z bv cv‡i I‡K Qvov n‡”Q| K_vgZ ZzNjK‡K jKAvc †_‡K evi Ki‡ZB Awdmvi Zv‡K mUvb Po Kwl‡q ûgwK †`b, †Zvi Kv‡Q Avi GKw`b Av‡Q| Kvj‡Ki g‡a¨B GB wPwVUv hvi, Zv‡K GLv‡b ZzB nvwRi Kivwe| Avi bv cvi‡j ZzB Rvwbm Avgiv Kx Ki‡Z cvwi| ZzNjK Kx ej‡Z hvw”Qj, Awdmvi nvZ DuPz Ki‡ZB †m †_‡g hvq| Kb‡÷ej Zv‡K †U‡b _vbvi evB‡i evi

K‡i w`‡q Av‡m| GZÿ‡Y ZzNjK‡K Avgiv cÖvq Zvi HwZnvwmK `„wó‡KvY †_‡K GKRb ZzNjK A_©vr cvMjv‡Mv‡Qi wKQy Ges Awdmvi‡K avÜvevR gvq wkwÿZ e‡j a‡i wb‡qwQ| Gevi duvK-†dvK‡ii w`‡K bRi †`Iqv hvK| GB †h Awdmvi cÖvq wbwØ©avq wm×v‡šÍ G‡jb ZzNjK GKRb e¨_© c‡KUgvi Qvov Avi wKQy bq; Zvi GB wm×v‡šÍ Avmvi cÖ‡mmUv wK m‡›`n‡K AwZµvšÍ Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Q? we‡klZ †ev‡¤^ (gy¤^vB) hvIqvi gZ GZ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© NUbv m¤ú‡K© ZzNjK hLb cÖvq bxie! wkeyi m‡½ Zvi m¤úK© Kx wQj Ñ Avgiv wKš‘ GL‡bv Zv Rvwb bv| Zv Qvov eywj‡`i m‡½ Zvi GB NwbôZv ïayB wK Mí‡K GKwU AvKvi †`Iqvi e¨_© cÖ‡Póv! ZzNjK Zvi gv m¤ú‡K© †Kv‡bv wKQyB e‡j bv †Kb? Dc‡iv³ cÖ_g c¨vivMÖv‡dB ZzNj‡Ki eqv‡b Ô†kÖwYkÎæÕ, ÔivR‰bwZK wePz¨wZÕ Gm‡ei D‡jøL wQj| Z‡e wK GB k㸇jv cÖ‡qvM K‡i Avwg †KejB evK¨web¨vmwU‡K my›`i Ki‡Z †P‡qwQjvg? bvwK ZzNjK m¤ú‡K© GKwU cÖv_wgK aviYv w`‡Z †P‡qwQjvg? ZzNjK‡K wK Avgiv wPb‡Z †c‡iwQ? KZUzKz wW‡UBj wjwce× Ki‡Z cvi‡j GKwU Pwi·K †kl‡gk g‡b nq †m †Kv_vI bv †Kv_vI, KL‡bv bv KL‡bv, †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bvfv‡e Dcw¯’Z wQj? Avnv, IB †Zv, PoPvco †L‡q ZzNj‡Ki gyL dz‡j wM‡q‡Q| GLb †m Lywu o‡q-Lywu o‡q iv¯Ív †c‡iv‡”Q| Zv‡K †`L‡j gvqv jv‡M| wVK GB gyn‡~ Z© Avgiv †R‡b †MwQ, wmwiqvq wmwfj Iqv‡i 2 jv‡Li †ewk gvbyl gviv †M‡Q, 90 jv‡Li †ewk NiQvov, Pxb `wÿY Pxb mvM‡i K…wÎg Øxc evwb‡q †d‡j‡Q, 2011 mv‡j mvD_ my`vb bv‡gi Av‡iv GKwU bZzb †`‡ki Rb¥ n‡q‡Q Avi Gme wKQy wb‡q ZzNjK GLb KjKvZvi iv¯Ívq f¨v-f¨v K‡i Nyi‡Q| nvIqvjv‡Zi †fZi †mB 100 cvIqv‡ii ev‡j¦i Mv‡q †j‡M _vKv ay‡jvi gZB †m †hb µgk †R‡Þ †_‡K hv‡”Q| Zvi fvj jvM‡Q bv| Zey Zv‡K _vK‡Z n‡”Q| cv‡q e¨_v Zey †m nuvU‡Q| †m cÖwZUv ev‡mi w`‡K mRvM `„wó‡Z ZvwK‡q i‡q‡Q| ev‡mi †fZiKvi gvbyl¸‡jvi †fZi, Avkcvk w`‡q †nu‡U hvIqv gvbyl¸‡jvi †fZi †m Lvwj wPwVi gvwjKwU‡K †Luv‡R| Gw`‡K weÁvc‡bi Av‡jv, wmMb¨v‡ji Av‡jv, †`vKvbcvU w`‡q †ewi‡q Avmv Av‡jv Zvi Pviw`‡K †h-cweÎZvi û‡jøvo ˆZwi K‡i‡Q, Zv‡Z †m wei³ nq| Zvici Gfv‡e _vK‡Z-_vK‡Z Zvi me gvbyl‡KB GKB iKg g‡b nq| g‡b nq Zv‡`i mevi gyL GK| g‡b nq Zv‡`i mevi Kuva †_‡K e¨vM Szj‡Q| GB †Zv Zviv ev‡m DV‡Q| GB †Zv Zviv evm †_‡K bvg‡Q| †K GKRb †`Š‡o iv¯Ív cvi n‡q †Mj| Avi GKRb †dv‡b K_v ej‡Z-ej‡Z eyKc‡KU †_‡K wm‡MÖU evi Kij| evwo †divi MwjUv miæ| †kl gv_vq GKUv w÷ªU jvBU R¡j‡Q| †mB Av‡jv mew`‡K mgvbfv‡e c‡owb| gwa¨Lv‡bi GKUv Ask †Zv cÖvq AÜKvi| ZzNj‡Ki Mv-Uv QgQg K‡i I‡V| †KD eywS Zv‡K d‡jv Ki‡Q, GB †f‡e †m Lvwj †cQ‡b ZvKvq| †KD †bB| †bwo KzËviv †W‡K DVj| Avevi Pzc K‡i †Mj| `iRvq †UvKv w`‡ZB Zcb `iRv Lyjj| †cQ‡b eywj| G‡`i †`‡LB ZzNj‡Ki †PvL w`‡q AvcbvAvcwb Rj †b‡g Gj| Ñ †Kv_vq wQwjm? G Kx Ae¯’v †Zvi! ZzNjK †Kv‡bv DËi Kij bv| Zc‡bi Mv‡q nvZ w`‡q LvwbK `uvovj| Zcb Zv‡K N‡i wb‡q G‡m †Pqv‡i emvj| †m GKevi eywj‡K †`Lj| Zc‡bi w`‡K †PvL †Nvivj| wKš‘ KvD‡KB Rvbv‡Z cvij bv, Ae‡k‡l wPwVi gvwjKwU‡K †m wP‡b †d‡j‡Q| r

43


iæ¯Íg wms‡qi Zievwi wek¦wRr †PŠayix

†Rv

ow`wNi fvOv NvU †cwi‡q evwoi cÖvq KvQvKvwQ G‡m †m †`L‡Z †cj K…òv `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| ivZ evo‡j gv‡S gv‡SB G‡m `uvovq| †Kb †h `uvovq! nq‡Zv U‡jvg‡jv cv‡q, wKš‘ GZUv c_ †h †jvKUv w`we¨ †nu‡U P‡j Avm‡Z cvij, evwK mvgvb¨ c_UzKzi Rb¨ Zv‡K AvM evwo‡q wb‡Z Avmv †Kb eyS‡Z cv‡i bv bxjKgj| †bkv K‡i evwo †d‡i e‡U, wKš‘ KL‡bv Ggb †Zv nqwb evwoi c_ fzj n‡q †M‡Q| GgbI bv †h c‡_ ûuk nvwi‡q c‡o wQj KL‡bv| AvdUvi Aj D”Pes‡ki mšÍvb| nvwm-†KŠZzK-KiæYvi cvÎ n‡q c‡_i cv‡k ay‡jv-Kv`vi g‡a¨ KL‡bvB c‡o _vK‡e bv †m, GB cwiYwZ †hb KL‡bvB bv nq GB cÖv_©bv K‡i G‡m‡Q Ck¦‡ii Kv‡Q| wZwb †Zv me K_v †kv‡bb bv, GUv ï‡b‡Qb| gvbxi gvb †i‡L‡Qb| †Kv‡bv ANUb N‡Uwb †Kv‡bvw`b| GB c_ Zvi nv‡Zi Zvjyi g‡Zv gyL¯’, Zv †m c~wY©gvi PivPi †f‡m hvIqv Av‡jvq †nvK Avi Agvem¨vi Nb‡Nvi AÜKv‡i Ñ MvgQv w`‡q †PvL †eu‡a w`‡jI wVKVvK †cuŠ‡Q hv‡e evwo‡Z| Zey †m `uvwo‡q _v‡K| gv‡S gv‡S cÖPÐ wei³ jv‡M, b¨vKvwg †`‡L Mv-R¡‡j hvq| Avevi

44

KL‡bv g‡b nq gvqv, Zvi Rb¨ †g‡qUvi g‡b †Kv_vI GKUz gvqv c‡o Av‡Q| †gRvR AvR dzidz‡i wQj| Ryqv‡Ljvq †n‡i‡Q, Zv †m cÖvqB nv‡i| wKš‘ AvR UvKv M”Pv †`Iqvi cvkvcvwk cvnvo †_‡K Avbv †`vPzqvwbi Pvi‡kv UvKv fvMvfvwM‡Z bv wM‡q wb‡Ri c‡KU †_‡K w`‡q‡Q| m½xiv GKUz AevK †Pv‡L ZvKv‡j e‡j‡Q, he ZK iæ¯Íg wms‡K nvZ †g ZjIqvi n¨vq, ivRv ivRv i‡nMv, cÖRv cÖRv i‡nMv| K_v mZ¨, G K_v m½x-mvw_iv Rv‡b| fv‡M¨i †`v‡l ev †h Kvi‡YB †nvK Zv‡`i g`-Ryqvi m½x †jvKUv, gv‡b bxjKgj ivq †h Rwg`vi es‡ki wbt¯^ mšÍvb G-K_v †K bv Rv‡b| GB †h ivqcy‡i AvR ÔKvgvj¨vi nvUÕ bv‡g weL¨vZ evRviwU, Gi bvgKiY †h Rwg`vi wkeksKi iv‡qi †mœ‡ni bvwZ Kg‡ji bv‡g n‡qwQj G-K_vI Rv‡b mevB| Kgj¨vi nvU‡K AÁvZ Kvi‡Y †Kv‡bv GK AL¨vZ-AÁvZ Kvgv‡ji bv‡g Kvgvj¨vi nvU Kiv n‡qwQj| †m A‡bK Av‡Mi K_v| †Zv dzidz‡i †gRv‡Ri Kvi‡YB †nvK, wKsev Zvi Rb¨ A‡c¶vq `uvwo‡q _vKv †g‡qwU‡K AvR b¨vKv g‡b bv n‡q GKUz


AjsKiY : ZiæY †Nvl gvqveZx g‡b n‡jv e‡jB †nvK, bxjKgj ejj, we‡q em‡e K…òv, Avgvi m‡½ we‡q em‡e? †Ku‡c DVj K…òv| GB Av‡jv-AÜKv‡iI cwi®‹vi †Ui †cj Kgj †h K…òv †Ku‡c DVj| Kx e‡jb `v`v, Avwg weaev †g‡qgvbyl...| weaev! kvjvi GBme b¨vKv-g~‡L©i K_v ïb‡j Ggb RgvwU †bkvi g‡a¨I †gRvRUv wLP‡o hvq, Rov‡bv Mjvq cÖvq †LuwK‡q I‡V Kgj, †nvqvUm `¨ cÖe‡j­g DB_ weaev? Bb `¨ Bqvi Ae GBwUb wddwU wm· wn›`y weaevweevn AvBb cvm n‡q‡Q| GZw`b ci GB †`o‡kv eQi c‡i G‡mI †Zvgvi m‡½ we‡q n‡Z cvi‡e bv Avgvi? mgvR Av‡Q bv GKUv, Avcwb Avgvi fvmyi...| nu¨v fvmyi! †Kv_vKvi †Kvb jZvcvZvi fvB, Zvi Avevi fvmyi| `~im¤úK© ey‡SQ, A‡bK `~im¤úK©| Avgv‡`i †K¬vR wi‡jkb wQj bv †Zvgvi ¯^vgx cjvk...| Rwg`vievwo‡Z GiKg KZ fvB-†eiv`vi _v‡K| †mUv wVK `v`v, Mwieiv eo‡jv‡Ki `~im¤úK©, Avi eo‡jv‡Kiv Mwie‡`i wbKUvZ¥xq... †mUv AvwgI eywS, wKš‘ Gme

K_v e‡j Kx jvf, mgvR †Zv Rv‡b Avcwb Avgvi fvmyi| fv‡jv K_v| Lye fv‡jv K_v| Zvn‡j GZ iv‡Z GLv‡b G‡m `uvwo‡q AvQ Kx Rb¨? mgvR †Zv G‡m `uvovq bvB, Zzwg `uvovBQ... †Kb `uvovBQ, ej? K…òv DËi †`q bv †Kv‡bv| Pvicv‡k ZvKvq GKevi| mybmvb bxieZvi g‡a¨ Kv‡Q-`~‡i †Kv_vI †jvKRb †`Lv hv‡”Q bv wbwðZ n‡q, gvZvj †jvKUvi nuvUvi MwZ I Q›` wVK K‡i †`Iqvi Rb¨B †hb GKUv nvZ Zz‡j †bq wb‡Ri Kuv‡a| Avi GUzKz evowZ fvjevmv †c‡q Awfgv‡b Gevi Mjv eyu‡R Av‡m bxjKgj iv‡qi, hZeviB †Zvgv‡K we‡qi K_v e‡jwQ ZZeviB Zzwg GKB DËi w`‡qQ K…òv... evU Bb `¨ Bqvi Ae...| GBwUb wddwU wm· wn›`y weaevweevn AvBb cvm n‡q‡Q Ñ GKUz †n‡m evK¨wU †kl Kij K…òv| Nb n‡q GKUz gy‡Li Kv‡Q G‡m ejj, Avcwb wkw¶Z gvbyl AvBbKvby‡bi K_v e‡jb, we`¨vmvMi Avi ivgK…ò eveyi... ivgK…ò bv, ivgK…ò bv, ivg‡gvnb| nu¨v, ivg‡gvnb evey‡`i K_v e‡jb, Avwg †Zv †Zbv‡`i wPwb bv, Avwg wPwb GB MÖv‡gi gvbyl, GB cvovi gvbylRb‡K| Zviv...

45


Zviv GLb wKQy e‡j bv? e‡j, GK-AvaUz e‡j| †ewk wKQy e‡j bv| Zviv †Zv Rv‡b eD gviv †M‡Q Avcbvi| cyiæl gvbyl GK-AvaUz Pwi‡Îi †`vl _vK‡eB, ZvQvov Avcbviv Avevi Rwg`vi esk Ñ e‡j wdK K‡i GKUz nv‡m, †hb D”Pes‡ki eZ©gvb Iqvwik m¤ú‡K© GKUz VvÆvI †gkv‡bv Av‡Q Mjvq| †Zvgvi K_v e‡j bv? e‡j, Avgvi K_vI e‡j| e‡j †h, gb gi‡j †Zv kixi g‡i, GB †g‡q‡jv‡Ki ¯^vgx g‡i‡Q, wKš‘ gb g‡i bvB| gb gi‡j kixi Ggb Lv‡ji cvwbi gZ Ljej K‡i! Avevi weaev †g‡qgvbyl GZw`b we‡q‡Z ewm bvB Zvi Rb¨ GK jvBb cÖksmvI K‡i| Ab¨w`b n‡j K_v Avi evovZ bv Kgj, †g‡qgvbyl‡K cv‡q a‡i fvjevmvi K_v Rvbv‡bvi g‡Zv n¨vsjv †m n‡Z cv‡i bv| AvdUvi Aj kix‡i eøy eøvW, nv-nv... bxjKg‡ji kix‡i bxji³| wKš‘ AvR †Kgb †hb me †Mvjgvj n‡q hv‡”Q| K…òvi Kuv‡ai Kv‡Q gv_vUv wb‡q Kv‡bi Kv‡Q welYœ K‡É ejj, Avmj K_v n‡”Q Zzwg Avgv‡K fvjev‡mv bv| K…òv Gevi Kuva †_‡K nvZUv bvwg‡q w`j Kg‡ji, fvjevwm bv! GK_v Avcwb ej‡Z cvi‡jb `v`v? bv evm‡j... K…òv Kx ej‡Z Pvq eyS‡Z cv‡i Kgj| Zvi Kvco†Pvco †avq, ivbœvevbœv K‡i w`‡q hvq, Zvi gv-giv †g‡qUv‡K mvivw`bB ej‡Z †M‡j LvB‡q-`vB‡q †`‡L-ï‡b iv‡L| iv‡Z †g‡q‡K LvB‡q GKv N‡i Nyg cvwo‡q †i‡L hvq| Kg‡ji Rb¨I fvZ-ZiKvwi XvKbv †`Iqv _v‡K| GZ wKQy †h K‡i K…òv Zvi Rb¨ Rwg`vievwoi GKwU N‡i gv_v‡MuvRvi VuvB nq, eQ‡i-Qq gv‡m GKUv ci‡bi Kvco, GUv-IUv LyP‡iv wKQy UvKv-cqmvI cvq, G‡ZB mš‘ó K…òv| fvjevmvi K_v †h DVj †mUv Ab¨ K_v| gv‡S gv‡S wb‡Ri B”Qv‡ZB Mfxi iv‡Z Zvi N‡i Av‡m, weov‡ji gZ †mvRv wM‡q I‡V `v`vi weQvbvq| GB e¨vcviUv eo A™¢zZ| GB wbw`©ó mgqUv‡ZB kixi wb‡q †g‡Z I‡V †g‡qUv, wKš‘ Gi Av‡M-c‡i Kx K‡i †hb Zvi m‡½ GKUv mgx‡ni `~iZ¡ eRvq ivL‡Z cv‡i| G A‡bKUv cyKz‡ii nuvm¸‡jvi g‡Zv, R‡ji g‡a¨ †f‡m-Wz‡e muvZvi †K‡U WvOvq wd‡i Avmvi ci GKUv Mv-Svov w`‡q SiS‡i n‡q hvIqv| w`‡bi ci w`b Kx K‡i †h GUv cv‡i GB we¯§‡qi †Kv‡bv K‚j-wKbviv Ki‡Z cvij bv bxjKgj| Gme iv‡Z cÖvqB kix‡ii D‡ËRbv ce© †kl n‡j Rvgv-Kvco wVK Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z K…òv Aùz‡U D”PviY K‡i : cvc! e‡j e‡U cvc, wKš‘ †Pnvivq †Kv_vI Møvwbi wPý dz‡U I‡V bv, eis GK ai‡bi cwiZ…ß †PnvivB †Zv †`‡L Kgj, Kx Rv‡b wVK †`‡L wK bv| cv‡ci K_v ï‡b nvwm cvq| cvc! wK‡mi cvc? weoweo K‡i ZLb kÖxK…‡òi D‡Ï‡k KweZv AvIovq bxjKgj Ñ cÖfz, Zzwg cigvZ¥v, A‡b¨i weQvbv †_‡K Zz‡j Av‡bv RxevZ¥v †cÖwgKv Ac~e© †Zvgvi jxjv, †ev‡S mva¨ Kvi Avgv‡`i ¶z`ª Áv‡b wK ev cyY¨ wK ev cvcvPvi| K…òv gv_vgyÐ wKQyB †ev‡S bv, ïay D”Pwkw¶Z †cÖwg‡Ki w`‡K ZvwK‡q AbyZv‡c KiæYvq gb wf‡R _v‡K Zvi| bxjKgj ZLb Ic‡ii w`‡K AvOzj Zz‡j gvidwZ my‡i e‡j, cvc-cyY¨ wePvi Kivi Avgiv †K, me Zvi jxjv...| K…òv Avevi ejj, Ggb K_v Avcwb ej‡Z cvi‡jb `v`v|

46

fvj bv evm‡j...| G-K_vUv †Kv‡Ì‡K Avm‡Q? Avm‡Q iv‡Zi Awfmvi cÖm½ †_‡K| gv‡b Avwg †Mvc‡b iv‡Z GZ SzuwK wb‡q Avcbvi m‡½ ï‡Z Avwm, Zey Avcwb ej‡Z cvi‡jb fvjevwm bv! GLb bxjKgj Kx ej‡e GB †g‡q‡K? my‡hvM †c‡j ivZ-we‡i‡Z GKevi weQvbvq Avmvi bvg fvjevmv? kkx Wv³v‡ii g‡Zv ej‡e, kixi kixi †Zvgvi gb bvB Kzmyg? KgjI ev nVvr we‡q wb‡q GZ Drmvnx n‡q coj †Kb? †ek †Zv P‡j hvw”Qj| mšÍvb Rb¥ w`‡Z wM‡q ¯¿x gvayix gviv wM‡qwQj Pvi eQi Av‡M| †g‡qUv GKiKg K…òvi nv‡ZB eo n‡”Q| wkeksKi iv‡qi †Q‡j nwiksKi n‡qwQ‡jb bv NiKv bv NvUKv| Rwg`vwi cÖ_v D‡V †Mj e‡j Rwg`vwiI †c‡jb bv, Avevi D”Pwk¶v wb‡q Ab¨ †Kv‡bv †ckvq cÖwZwôZ n‡eb Zv-I n‡jv bv| GKRxeb RvqMv-Rwg wewµ K‡iB P‡j‡Q Zuvi| †Q‡j bxjKgj‡K XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q co‡Z cvwV‡qwQ‡jb nwiksKi| †Q‡j XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K Bs‡iwR mvwn‡Z¨ gv÷vm© K‡i MÖv‡g wd‡i G‡j M‡e© eyK cÖmvwiZ n‡qwQj Zuvi, Z‡e A_©‰bwZK Avq-DbœwZi we‡kl e¨e¯’v †h Zv‡K w`‡q nqwb Zv-I g„Zz¨i Av‡M †`‡L wM‡qwQ‡jb nwiksKi| RwgRgv Kg wKQy wQj bv, †envZ n‡q‡Q, `Lj n‡q‡Q, wKQy wKQy R‡ji `‡i wewµ n‡q‡Q| GLb †Zgb Avi Aewkó †bB, Zey GLv‡b-ILv‡b `y-GK UzK‡iv cvIqv hvq, †mB Rwg hLb wewµ nq ZLb iæ¯Íg wms‡qi nv‡Z KvíwbK Zievwi wd‡i Av‡m, ZLb †Lvjv w`‡j cÖK…Z Rwg`vi-b›`‡bi g‡Zv LiP K‡i bxjKgj| wkeksKi iv‡qi evwowU GL‡bv evB‡i †_‡K mgxn RvMvq| †XvKvi gy‡L †M‡Ui `y-cv‡k `ywU nuv Kiv GLv‡b-ILv‡b Av¯Íi L‡m cov wm‡g‡›Ui eY©nxb wmsn †hb GKmgqKvi m¤ú`-mg„w×i K_v g‡b Kwi‡q †`Iqvi Rb¨ GL‡bv `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| GB evwoi GKgvÎ Iqvwi‡ki g‡a¨ ZvB †evanq GL‡bv wmsnnƒ`q †R‡M DV‡Z Pvq| ZvQvov wZbZjv evwoUv hZB weeY© n‡q co–K, Zvi LuvRKvUv wekvj AvK…wZi _vg¸‡jv, Avi `yw`K †_‡K Qv` ch©šÍ G‡m Puv` AvK…wZ †bIqv †XD †Ljv‡bv Pzb-myiwKi bKkvi evnvi †`‡L we¯§q †Zv Rv‡MB| GZ-GZ eûZj feb n‡”Q kni-M‡Ä, GgbwK MÖv‡gI, KB GiKg GKwU evwo †Zv Avi †Pv‡L c‡o bv| Rwg`vievwo gv‡b Rwg`vievwo, mevi evwo Rwg`vievwo nq bv, Zv †m hZ UvKv-cqmvAjvB †nvK| wKš‘ evwoi †fZ‡ii Ae¯’v LyeB Lvivc| el©vq Qv` Pz‡q cvwb c‡o, †`qv‡ji Av¯Íi L‡m wM‡q wQwiQv` e‡j wKQy †bB| Gi g‡a¨B cuvP †Lv‡c cuvP Ni fvov‡U Av‡Q| Zviv bvbv Amyweavi c¨vPvj cv‡o| N¨vb-N¨vb Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z gvm †k‡l mvZ-AvU‡kv UvKv K‡i fvov †`q| P‡j †Zv hvw”Qj, wKš‘ K…òv fve‡Q, `v`v nVvr we‡qi Rb¨ GiKg DZjv n‡q DVj †Kb? Ñ KviY GKUv Av‡Q| †mB KviYUv GLb `k Kvb Ki‡Z Pvq bv Kgj| GB †h dzidz‡i †gRvR, Ryqvq †n‡iI †`vPzqvwbi LiP w`‡q iæ¯Íg wms n‡q IVv, G mewKQyiB GKUv KviY Av‡Q| A‡bK †Zv n‡jv Gevi ¯¿x-mšÍvb wb‡q GKUv ¸wQ‡q msmvi Kivi evmbv †R‡M‡Q bxjKgj iv‡qi| ga¨we‡Ëi msmvi| c‡KU duvKv, A_P Zzwo evwR‡q bxji‡³i Mí †du‡` Rwg`vwii †Luvqvwo e‡q †eov‡bvi Rxeb bq| kn‡i wM‡q GKUv f`ª¯’ Ni fvov K‡i, GgbwK hw` m¤¢e nq †QvULv‡Uv GKUv d¬¨vU wK‡b ga¨we‡Ëi Rxeb| K…òv‡K we‡q K‡i ˆea ¯^vgx-¯¿xi g‡Zv msmvi, †g‡qUv‡K GKUv fvj


¯‹z‡j fwZ© Kiv‡bv Ñ G me ïay ¯^cœ bq, cwiKíbv n‡q GLb Xz‡K †M‡Q gv_vq| ZvB we‡qi cÖ¯ÍveUv †c‡owQj K…òvi Kv‡Q| wKš‘ gvMx GLb mZx weaev! Avcwb wK Avgv‡K g‡b-g‡b Mvj w`‡”Qb `v`v? Pg‡K I‡V Kgj, G eŸvev AvRKvj g‡bi K_vI ïb‡Z cvq bvwK †g‡qUv! K…òv‡K eis me K_v Ly‡jB ejv hvK Ñ †kv‡bv K…òv, Avgvi GKUv m¤úwË wewµi K_v Pj‡Q| †m †Zv cÖvqB nq, gv‡S gv‡S GLv‡bILv‡b RwgRgv wewµ nq ï‡bwQ, †mB K-w`b Avcwb Lye UvKv-cqmv Iovb Zv-I †`‡LwQ, G Avi bZzb K_v Kx? GUv bZzb K_v| Lei`vi fz‡jI Kv‡iv m‡½ Avjvc Ki‡Z †hI bv| Avgv‡`i evwoUv wewµi K_v n‡q‡Q Avey ˆZqe mI`vM‡ii m‡½... `yevBIqvjv ˆZqe? nu¨v, UvKvi †kl bvB Avey ˆZq‡ei| †Rvow`wNmn evwoi `vg wVK n‡q‡Q Pwjøk jvL UvKv| Pwjøk jvL! †Pvqvj Sz‡j hvq K…òvi| B‡qm| cÖmbœ Rwg`vwi nvwm Kg‡ji †Vuv‡U, bM` Pwjøk nvRvi UvKv A¨vWfvÝ w`‡q‡Q, DB`vDU A¨vwb WKz‡g›Um| K‡qK gyn~Z© bxie †_‡K K…òv ejj, Zvn‡j Avi Kx, Gevi `yB nv‡Z UvKv DovB‡Z _v‡Kb...| bv| Gevi Avi †ewn‡mwe LiP Kie bv K…òv| Pwjøk jvL Kg UvKv bv, Gevi ¸wQ‡q †be| we‡qi K_vUv †mRb¨B ejwQ, A‡bK n‡jv, Gevi eD-ev”Pv wb‡q msmvi Kie| evwoUvi Rb¨ GKUz gb Lvivc Ki‡e, AvdUvi Aj c~e©cyiæ‡li ¯§„wZ..., Z‡e wK GB weivU evwoi Quv‡Pi wfZi GKUv fvOv‡Pviv ¶‡q hvIqv Ni, Gi g‡a¨ `geÜ Rxeb, GUvI GKUv Awfkv‡ci g‡Zv, BUm Av Kvim...| G me K_v Kx K…òv‡K ej‡Q Kgj, bv wb‡R‡K? Pzc †g‡i †Mj K…òv| wbtk‡ã `v`vi cvk †Nu‡l nuvU‡Z jvMj, †K Rv‡b nq‡Zv ÔmsmviÕ kãUv Zv‡KI †d‡j w`j GKUv †Nv‡ii g‡a¨|

`yB

iæ¯Íg wms‡qi nv‡Z hLb Zievwi, ZLb Zvi ivRv nIqv †K †VKv‡e? bM` Pwjøk nvRvi UvKv Uu¨v‡K †i‡L PzcPvc _v‡K Kx K‡i bxjKgj ivq| fvej wKQy GKUv Kiv `iKvi| Rwg`vwi i³Uv G‡Kev‡iB †h ay‡qgy‡Q hvqwb MÖv‡gi †jvK‡`i Ggb GKwU aviYv †`Iqvi Rb¨ GKUv AvBwWqv LuyRwQj| XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi

QvÎwUi wµ‡qwUwfwU Ae¨env‡i-Ace¨env‡i A‡bK Av‡MB k~‡b¨i †KvUvq †cuŠ‡QwQj| AvBwWqvi g‡a¨ ZvB nv‡Zi Kv‡Q cvIqv †Mj Kvjxc~Rv| mvo¤^‡i gv Kvjxi c~Rv Kivi gb¯’ Kij Kgj| Mjvq wQbœ bigyÐ cwiwnZv Kvjxg~wZ©i g‡a¨ Ggwb‡ZB G ai‡bi i³-†µva-†ZR e¨vcvi¸‡jv Av‡Q| Rwg`vwii B‡g‡Ri m‡½ †ek Lvc †L‡q hvq| eûKvj Av‡M Rwg`vievwo‡Z gnvaygav‡g GB c~Rv Av‡qvR‡bi Mí cÖPwjZ Av‡Q GL‡bv| myZivs bxjKgj Rwg`vi evwoi AvwObvq Kvjxc~Rv Kivi wm×všÍ wb‡q `wi`ª GjvKvevmx, gv‡b wn›`ycvovi bvix-cyiæl, †Q‡j-ey‡ovi g‡a¨ †gvUvgywU Pv‡j¨i m„wó Ki‡Z cvij| GUvB †m †P‡qwQj| evwoUv wewµ K‡i P‡j hv‡e G-Lei GL‡bv †KD Rv‡b bv| P‡j hvIqvi Av‡M Rwg`vievwoi Iqvwi‡ki Rb¨ wKQyUv mgxnI hw` euvwP‡q ivLv hvq Gme gvby‡li g‡b| jvj jKj‡K wRnŸv †ei Kiv Kvjx gv‡qi g~wZ© Gj cvjcvov †_‡K| gvB‡K Lye Mvb evRj, Ôgv‡qi cv‡qi Rev n‡q IV& bv dz‡U gb|Õ gyb †W‡Kv‡iU‡ii weRwj evwZi Av‡jvq evwoi Qv` †_‡K MvQcvjvi WvjcvZv ch©šÍ wSwKwgwK| XvK-†Xvj evwR‡q a~c-aybv cywo‡q †b‡P-†M‡q A‡bK ivZ Aewa AviwZ n‡jv gЇc| ciw`b `ycy‡i evwoi D‡Vv‡b cvZ †c‡o cvovmy× †Q‡j-ey‡ovi hLb wLPzwo gnvcÖmv‡`i e¨e¯’v n‡q †Mj, ZLb bxjKg‡ji cÖksmvq cÂgyL mevB| †VuvU wU‡c †n‡m bxjKgj ïay weoweo Kij, ivRv ivRv i‡nMv...| c~Rvi Av‡qvRb my›`ifv‡e m¤úbœ n‡jv| cÖwZgv wemR©b bv w`‡q Av‡iv w`b`y‡qK †i‡L †`‡e †f‡ewQj Kgj, _vK, †ikUv †_‡K hvK Av‡iv `y-GKUv w`b| meB wVK wQj| wKš‘ gvSiv‡Z nVvr †Kv‡Ì‡K Kx †hb n‡q †Mj| cÙe‡b gËnvwZi g‡Zv nBnB K‡i kLv‡bK †jvK G‡m †hb Suvwc‡q coj Rwg`vievwo‡Z| Ôbviv‡q ZKweiÕ †møvMvb w`‡q GB †jvK¸‡jv Kvjxg~wZ© †f‡O, gÐc †f‡O ZQbQ †Zv KijB, evwoi †fZi Xz‡K †jvKRb‡K gviai K‡i, wRwbmcÎ †f‡OPz‡i, `y-GKUv g~j¨evb wRwbm hv cvIqv †Mj jyUcvU K‡i wb‡q †Mj| nVvr NygfvOv nZevK bxjKgj wKQyB eyS‡Z bv †c‡i Qy‡U wM‡q AvkÖq wb‡qwQj †Rvow`wNi fvOv Nv‡U| †mLv‡b Zvi †g‡q‡K †Kv‡j wb‡q K…òvI `uvwo‡q Av‡Q †`‡L wKQyUv ¯^w¯ÍI †c‡qwQj| GKvËi mv‡j hy‡×i mgq G-evwo‡Z GiKg nvgjv-jyUcvU n‡qwQj e‡j ï‡b‡Q| ZLb gv‡qi †Kv‡j wQj| cy‡iv cwievi bvwK G-MÖvg †m-MÖv‡g AvkÖq wb‡q †k‡l fvi‡Z cvwj‡q wM‡qwQj| ZLb †Zv

Gevi Avi †ewn‡mwe LiP Kie bv K…òv| Pwjøk jvL Kg UvKv bv, Gevi ¸wQ‡q †be| we‡qi K_vUv †mRb¨B ejwQ, A‡bK n‡jv, Gevi eDev”Pv wb‡q msmvi Kie| evwoUvi Rb¨ GKUz gb Lvivc Ki‡e, AvdUvi Aj c~e©cyiæ‡li ¯§„wZ..., Z‡e wK GB weivU evwoi Quv‡Pi wfZi GKUv fvOv‡Pviv ¶‡q hvIqv Ni, Gi g‡a¨ `geÜ Rxeb, GUvI GKUv Awfkv‡ci g‡Zv, BUm Av Kvim...| 47


evwK ivZUv †K‡U †Mj AwbðqZv Avi AvZ‡¼i g‡a¨| Rwg`vievwo Avi cv‡ki wn›`ycvovi †jvKRb bvbv iKg Avjvc-Av‡jvPbv K‡iI G-nvgjvi KviY wKQyB †ei Ki‡Z cvij bv| Z‡e nvgjvKvix‡`i `y-GKRb gvÎ GjvKvi †jvK, hv‡`i †Pbv †M‡Q, evwKiv ewnivMZ Ñ G wel‡q GKgZ n‡Z cvij mevB| 48

cvwK¯Ívwb Avwg© wQj, ivRvKviI wQj, wKš‘ GZKvj ci nVvr GiKg msNe× Avµg‡Yi †Kv‡bv KviYB Luy‡R †cj bv †m| me jÐfÐ K‡i hLb †jvK¸‡jv wd‡i †Mj, ZLb Rwg`vievwoi fvovwUqviv G‡K-G‡K †SvcSv‡oi Avovj †_‡K wew¯§Z-AvZw¼Z †Pnvivq †ewi‡q Avm‡Z ïiæ Kij| †Rvow`wNi Nv‡U mg‡eZ n‡jv mevB bxjKg‡ji mvg‡b| KvD‡K KvD‡K Ggb gvi †g‡i‡Q nuvU‡Z cvi‡Q bv| bxjKg‡ji †Pv‡Li w`‡K ZvwK‡q wKQy GKUv LuyR‡Q mš¿¯Í bvix-cyiæl| Avkv-Avk¦vm, bv Ab¨ wKQy? Zvi Kv‡Q †Kb? GB †jvK¸‡jv GZKv‡jI Rvbj bv iæ¯Íg wms‡qi nv‡Z Zievwi †bB GLb? evwK ivZUv †K‡U †Mj AwbðqZv Avi AvZ‡¼i g‡a¨| Rwg`vievwo Avi cv‡ki wn›`ycvovi †jvKRb bvbv iKg AvjvcAv‡jvPbv K‡iI G-nvgjvi KviY wKQyB †ei Ki‡Z cvij bv| Z‡e nvgjvKvix‡`i `y-GKRb gvÎ GjvKvi †jvK, hv‡`i †Pbv †M‡Q, evwKiv ewnivMZ Ñ G wel‡q GKgZ n‡Z cvij mevB| NUbvi c~e©vci †evSv †Mj ciw`b wUGbI Awd‡mi mvwjk ˆeV‡K| mvwjk ˆeVK n‡jI bvg †`Iqv n‡q‡Q m¤úÖxwZ mfv| GjvKvi wn›`y-gymjgvb Dfq m¤úÖ`v‡qi Rbvwe‡kK †jvK‡K WvKv n‡q‡Q| BDGbIi fvlvq GjvKvi wewkó e¨w³eM©| Zvi gv‡b bxjKgj GL‡bv ÔwewkóÕi ZvwjKvq Av‡Q| Avevi GgbI n‡Z cv‡i, wee`gvb c‡¶i GKRb wn‡m‡e WvKv n‡q‡Q Zv‡K| cy‡iv NUbvwU bvwK N‡U‡Q GKwU KeiLvbvi cweÎZv bó Kivi Kvi‡Y| ax‡i-ax‡i †Lvjvmv n‡jv e¨vcviUv| GKvËi mv‡j hy‡×i ïiæi w`‡K cvwK¯Ívwb Avwg© hLb †b‡gwQj G GjvKvq, nZvn‡Zi NUbv N‡UwQj ZLb A‡bK| `‡j-`‡j †jvKRb cvjvw”Qj| Rwg`vievwoi †cQb w`‡K euvkSv‡oi wKQy Ask mvd K‡i K‡qKRb gymjgvb bvix-cyiæ‡li jvk Kei †`Iqv n‡qwQj †m-mgq| ZLb †Zv Kvi Rwg‡Z Kv‡K Kei †`Iqv n‡”Q G-wb‡q K_v ejvi mgq bq| ¯^vaxbZvi ci wKQy Ask wN‡i †i‡L KeiLvbv wn‡m‡e msi¶Y Kiv n‡qwQj wKQyw`b| wKš‘ c‡i Avi G-wb‡q Kv‡iv MiR wQj bv e‡j K‡e KLb †SvcSv‡oi g‡a¨ nvwi‡q †M‡Q KeiLvbv| Gevi Kvjxc~Rvi gÐc ˆZwi n‡q‡Q euvkSv‡oi AvMvQv cwi®‹vi K‡i, †mLv‡bB c~Rv n‡q‡Q| gymjgvb‡`i Ke‡ii Ici gÐc, c~Rv..., wUGbI mv‡ne ej‡jb, gymjgvb‡`i

agx©q Abyf‚wZ‡Z AvNvZ †j‡M‡Q| RvqMvUv Kvi? Avgvi RvqMv‡Z Avwg Kx Kie bv Kie... ¶zä-D‡ËwRZ K‡É ej‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQj, wKš‘ K_vi gvSc‡_B wb‡R‡K mvg‡j wbj Avevi, KB KeiLvbvq †Zv KvD‡i KL‡bv †h‡Z †`wL bvB, †KD †M‡Q †Kv‡bvw`b? Zey KeiLvbvi GKUv cweÎZv Av‡Q bv Kgjevey? Ñ wmKv›`vi wgqv ej‡jb| wmKv›`vi mv‡ne wkeksKi ivq D”P we`¨vj‡qi cÖavb wk¶K| RyZmB GKUv DËi Luy‡R cvw”Qj bv Kgj| ZLbB GK‡Kv‡Y PzcPvc e‡m _vKv bvRgyj, Kg‡ji evj¨eÜz, GLb GjvKvi bvgKiv Wv³vi bvRgyj Kwig wmwÏKx D‡ËwRZ n‡q e‡j DVj, wK‡mi cweÎZv? cweÎZv i¶vi †Póv K‡i‡Qb †Kv‡bvw`b, †KD †M‡Qb †mLv‡b? cÖwZw`b wkqvjKzKz‡i †n‡M-gy‡Z iv‡L, ZLb †Kv_vq _v‡K cweÎZv? bvbv iKg ZK©-weZK© n‡jv| Zv‡Z m¤úÖxwZi ¶wZ-e„w× wKQyB n‡jv bv| ïay bxjKg‡ji `y-GKRb gymjgvb eÜz Zvi c¶ wb‡q K_v e‡j‡Q GUvB mvšÍ¡bv| Zviv G-NUbvi Z`šÍ K‡i †`vlx‡`i kvw¯Í w`‡Z e‡j‡Q| ewnivMZ AvµgYKvixiv Kvi B܇b nvgjv Kij Zvi †LuvR Ki‡Z e‡j‡Q, GUzKzB| wUGbI ej‡jb, n‡e, Aek¨B Z`šÍ n‡e| †`vlx‡`i Qvo †`Iqv n‡e bv... BZ¨vw`| ¶wZMÖ¯Í cwievi¸‡jv‡K `k †KwR K‡i Pvj †`Iqvi K_vI †NvlYv Ki‡jb wZwb| bxjKgj ejj, `iKvi bvB, nvZ †c‡Z †bIqvi Af¨vm GL‡bv nq bvB m¨vi, wPiKvj w`‡q G‡mwQ...| Dcw¯’Z †jvKR‡bi †Pnvivi w`‡K ZvwK‡q †evanq wUGbI mv‡ne eyS‡Z cvi‡jb K_vUv mZ¨, wZwb †Kv‡bv DËi w`‡jb bv|

wZb

GLb †`LwQ evwo wewµi wPšÍvUv Avcwb fv‡jvB K‡i‡Qb `v`v| GKUv mvgvb¨ e¨vcvi wb‡q †h j¼vKvÐ K‡i †djj GjvKvi gvbyl..., GLv‡b evm Kiv w`b‡K w`b KwVb n‡q hv‡”Q| Ñ K…òv ejj| wb‡Ri wm×všÍ wel‡q ¯^ífvlx †g‡qwUi mg_©b †c‡q GKUz m¤§vwbZ †eva Kij| Rwg`vievwo‡Z GiKg GKwU nvgjvi NUbv †h NU‡Z cv‡i Zv Zvi fvebvi wÎmxgvbvi g‡a¨ wQj bv, wKš‘ GLb †m †ek †Rv‡ii m‡½B ejj, Avwg RvbZvg, AvR bv †nvK Kvj G iKg wKQy GKUv †h n‡e Zv RvbZvg


Avwg| Rxe‡b Kg wKQy †Zv Avi †`Ljvg bv K…òv| kn‡i wM‡q e¨e¯’v GKUv wKQy K‡ib, †g‡qiI †Zv GKUv fwel¨r Av‡Q, ¯‹z‡j fwZ© Kiv‡Z n‡e...| Zzwg hv‡e bv Avgvi m‡½? †Pv‡Li cvZv bvwg‡q wbj, cv‡qi bL w`‡q gvwU LyuU‡Z-LyuU‡Z ejj, Avwg †Zv AvwQB `v`v, PiYZ‡j hw` ¯’vb †`b...| K…òvi gy‡L hw` ¯’vb †`b Ñ K_vUv ï‡b nƒ`q †Zvjcvo n‡q †Mj bxjKg‡ji, GLbB wKQyUv ¯’vb †`Iqvi Rb¨ ey‡K †U‡b wb‡Z B‡”Q KiwQj, wKš‘ wbR©b n‡jI GB cÖKvk¨ ¯’v‡b †mB SzuwK †bIqvi fimv n‡jv bv| Z‡e evwK c_Uv nuvUj ¯^vgx-¯¿x-mšÍvbmsmvi wel‡q A™¢zZ GK †gvnMÖ¯ÍZvi g‡a¨| mܨvi ciciB weay eo–qvi †`vKv‡bi †cQ‡bi NiUvq Avmi R‡g I‡V| Zvm Avi †PvjvB| Xz‡K co‡j ivZ `k-GMv‡ivUvi Av‡M Avi gyw³ †bB| ZvB mܨvi Av‡MB GKevi Avey ˆZqe mI`vM‡ii evwo‡Z hvIqvi K_v fvej Kgj| evwo wewµi e¨vcviUv dvBbvj Kiv Riæwi| evwo‡ZB wQj Avey ˆZqe mI`vMi| bxjKgj‡K †`‡L ejj, Av‡mb, Av‡mb Rwg`vievey...| Ñ GB m‡¤^va‡bB Zv‡K Wv‡Kb Avey ˆZqe, nq‡Zv evZ wK evZ, Zey GKUz m¤§vb †eva K‡i Kgj| Kx Lei e‡jb? Lei Avi Kx, Kvjxc~Rvi w`b Kx n‡q †Mj...| me †Zv ïb‡Qb nvwRmve| wR ï‡bwQ| dvjZz `v½v-nv½vgv| wgUgvU n‡q †M‡Q? nu¨v| wgUgvU n‡q †M‡Q| Avcbvi Kv‡Q Gjvg evwoUvi e¨vcv‡i...| I nu¨v evwoUvi e¨vcv‡i| wKQy g‡b Ki‡eb bv evey, evwoUv †Kbvi gZ Ae¯’v Avi bvB Avgvi| Ñ Avey ˆZqe ejj| †Kb? Ñ wew¯§Z Kgj| †`‡Lb Avwg `yevB wQjvg eûw`b| †`‡ki nvj-Ae¯’v Rvwb bv| Avcbvi evwoUv cQ›` n‡qwQj, Rwg`vievwo... GKUv mva n‡qwQj...| nu¨v, wVKB †Zv Av‡Q| bv, wVK bvB evey| GjvKvi †jvKR‡bi m‡½ K_v ejjvg, wmKv›`vi gv÷v‡ii m‡½I civgk© K‡iwQ| mevB GK K_v ejj evey, GZ UvKv w`‡q GB evwo †Kbv †eIKzwdi KvR n‡e| wZwik MÐv RvqMvi Ici evwo, mvg‡b †Rvov w`wN...| me †Zv eySjvg evey, wKš‘ evwo wb‡q †h Sv‡gjv ïiæ n‡q‡Q, g‡b Ki‡eb bv GUvB †kl, GUv gvÎ ïiæ, Av‡iv n‡e| gv‡b? gv‡b, GjvKvi †jvKRb ej‡Q, IB evwo †Kbvi Rb¨ GZ UvKv LiP K‡i jvf bvB, K‡qKevi Sv‡gjv n‡j evey Ggwb‡ZB evwo †d‡j BwÛqv P‡j hv‡e...| iv‡M cv †_‡K gv_v ch©šÍ R¡‡j DVj, I Avcwb †mB av›`vq e‡m Av‡Qb? bv evey, Avwg IBm‡ei g‡a¨ bvB, †KD `Lj K‡i wb‡j Avwg wK‡b †be, GKUz m¯Ív cvIqv hv‡e... GB Avi wK| evK&iæ× n‡q c‡o bxjKgj| Zvi mvg‡b emv †jvKUv‡K GKUv VvÛv gv_vi Lywb g‡b n‡Z _v‡K Zvi| Avwg Zvn‡j Avwm| cÖvq AcÖK…wZ‡¯’i g‡Zv wd‡i AvmwQj Kgj| Avey ˆZqe wcQy WvKj, †kv‡bb evey, Avwg GKUv K_v ewj, GKevi hLb K_v n‡q‡Q, Avwg jvL Pv‡iK UvKv ch©šÍ w`‡Z cvwi| G‡Z †cvlv‡j evwoUv Avgv‡K w`‡Z cv‡ib|

Pvi jvL! Pwjøk †_‡K GK av°vq Pvi jvL! wb‡R‡K Avi mvg‡j ivL‡Z cvij bv bxjKgj, iv‡M Kuvc‡Z-Kuvc‡Z cÖvq †ZvZjv‡bv Mjvq ejj, Rwg`vievwo †Kbv †Zvgvi KvR bv, Zzwg wgqv gyw` †`vKvb`v‡ii †cvjv, `yevB wM‡q wKQy UvKv KvgvBQ, UvKv _vK‡j Rwg`vi nIqv hvq bv eySQ? ivRv ivRv i‡nMv...| bxjKg‡ji wbõj D‡ËRbvq we‡kl cÖwZwµqv †`Lvj bv Avey ˆZqe| Av‡Mi g‡Zv VvÛv Mjvq ejj, A¨vWfv‡Ýi UvKvUv Zvn‡j ax‡i-my¯’ †diZ w`‡qb|

Pvi

GZ ivZ †Zv K‡i bv †jvKUv, cÖvq NÈvLv‡bK †Rvow`wNi Nv‡U A‡c¶v Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z `ywðšÍvq c‡o hvq K…òv| Aí GKUz RvqMvi g‡a¨ cvqPvwi K‡i, Avi `~ic‡_i w`‡K ZvwK‡q MvQcvjvi b‡o-IVv Qvqv †`‡L fv‡e, IB eywS Uj‡Z-Uj‡Z †jvKUv Gj| wKš‘ ga¨ivZ †cwi‡q hvIqvi ciI hLb Gj bv, ZLb K…òv‡KB †ewi‡q co‡Z n‡jv †jvKUvi †Luv‡R| †ewk`~i †h‡Z nqwb| weay eo–qvi †`vKvb †cwi‡q †nu‡U k¥kvb‡Lvjv ch©šÍ Avm‡Z †c‡iwQj Kgj, ZviciB †nuvPU †L‡q, bvwK †bkvi †Nv‡i, gvwU‡Z c‡o Ávb nvwi‡q‡Q| KL‡bv †Zv GiKg nq bv, AvR ch©šÍ KL‡bv nqwb| K…òv AevK n‡q Dcyo n‡q _vKv gvbylwUi w`‡K ZvKvq| Lye ax‡i wbtk¦vm co‡Q| GB QgQ‡g AÜKv‡i wbR©b k¥kvb‡Lvjvi AvwObvi wfZi XzK‡Z n‡jv K…òv‡K| wUDeI‡qj †_‡K GKUv cøvw÷‡Ki †evZj f‡i Rj wb‡q wd‡i Gj| gv_vUv †Kv‡ji Ici wb‡q gy‡L R‡ji SvcUv w`‡Z †Muv-†Muv kã Kij bxjKgj| kvwoi AuvPj wfwR‡q gy‡L, Kcv‡j, Mjvq, `y-cv‡ki Kv‡b Kuv‡a fv‡jv K‡i gywQ‡q †`Iqvi ci fvewQj GLb †jvKUv‡K evwo wb‡q hv‡e Kx K‡i| wVK ZLbB †PvL †gjj Kgj, GKUv `xN©k¦vm †d‡j ejj, Pj K…òv evwo hvB| cvi‡eb? †nu‡U †h‡Z cvi‡eb? cvie| Ñ D‡V `uvovj| Kg‡ji evg nvZUv wb‡Ri Wvb Kuv‡a Zz‡j wb‡q nuvU‡Z ïiæ Kij K…òv| GB Rxe‡b †Zvgv‡K A‡bK Kó w`jvg K…òv...| Avgvi K_v fve‡Z n‡e bv, GB Kó Avgvi Kv‡Q Kó bv, wKš‘ wb‡Ri K_v GKevi fve‡eb bv `v`v, †g‡qUvi K_v..., Zv Qvov kn‡i wM‡q msmvi Kivi K_vI †h ej‡Qb, my¯’ _vK‡Z n‡e bv? Gevi `yg K‡i `uvwo‡q †Mj Kgj, SuvKzwb w`‡q wb‡Ri nvZUv bvwg‡q wbj K…òvi Kuva †_‡K, Mjv Pwo‡q ejj, dvK& B‡qvi msmvi| IB msmvi-Usmvi Kiv Avgvi c‡¶ m¤¢e bv| Rwg`vi es‡ki †Q‡j Avwg, kn‡i wM‡q Qv‡cvlv msmvix n‡Z cvie bv| B¤úwmej| wew¯§Z K…òv ejj, AvcwbB †Zv e‡jwQ‡jb `v`v| e‡jwQjvg, wKš‘ †f‡e †`Ljvg †mUv m¤¢e bv| hZ hvB e‡jv Avgvi eøy eøvW, Rwg`vi esk... †Zvgvi g‡Zv wbPz Rv‡Zi GKUv †g‡q‡K we‡q Kiv Avgvi c‡¶ m¤¢e? Zvi †P‡q GB fvj Av‡Mi g‡Zv Zzwg ivZ-we‡i‡Z Avm‡e hv‡e| Rwg`vi es‡k Gme Av‡MI wQj... †Kv‡bv Amyweav bvB| _g‡K `uvwo‡q bxjKg‡ji gy‡Li w`‡K ZvwK‡q _v‡K K…òv, Zvi Awfe¨w³ †evSv hvq bv| KviY †Rvow`wNi Nv‡U ZLb Mvp AÜKvi| r

49


GKwU _v‡bi Rb¥ mvZ¨wK nvj`vi

cv

nvo †hLv‡b mgZ‡j wg‡k †M‡Q Zvi KvQvKvwQ nvU emZ mßv‡n GKw`b| iv¯Ív †_‡K c_Uv Xvjy n‡q †b‡g‡Q b`x ch©šÍ| †mB iv¯Ívi `ycvk eivei nvU| eyaevi| IBw`b mKvj †_‡KB RgRgvU n‡q _vKZ RvqMvUv| eyaevi mKvj †_‡KB PjZ euvk ev LyuwUi gv_vq cøvw÷K Uvwb‡q †`vKvb evbv‡bvi †Póv| `~i-`~i †_‡K †jvK AvmZ †mw`b| ev‡m †P‡c, †QvU †U‡¤úv fvov K‡i AvmZ, Avevi †nu‡UI P‡j AvmZ KvQvKvwQi †jv‡Kiv| mevB G‡m wg‡k †hZ nv‡Ui RvqMvUzKz‡Z| A¯’vqx †`vKvb mvRvZ| ZvgvK, nvIqvB Pàj, e¯Ív-fiv ïK‡bv j¼v| cici K‡qKUv Lvev‡ii †`vKvb| Zvici we‡Kj †kl n‡ZB †mme †`vKvb Avevi D‡V P‡j †hZ| GKUv nvU w`‡qB cwiwPwZ wQj RvqMvUvi| KvQvKvwQ ivwgqv Pv evMv‡bi Kzwj jvBb, Zv Qvwo‡q Nievwo wQj K‡qKUv| Kv‡Vi †QvU evwo, wU‡bi Pvj| GQvov WvgwWg hvIqvi g~j iv¯Ív †_‡K Pv evMv‡bi w`‡K hvIqvi gy‡L K‡qKUv †`vKvb| Ic‡ii cvnv‡o †hme MÖvg †mme w`K †_‡KI †KD-†KD †b‡g AvmZ Gw`‡K| nv‡Ui w`b QvovI AvmZ| KL‡bv AvbvR wKb‡Z, gq`v ev †K‡ivwm‡bi †Luv‡R, KL‡bv

50

†gv‡oi gv_v †_‡K evm a‡i bvMivKvUv hvIqvi Rb¨| wZb-Pvi‡U †QvU †`vKv‡bi GB RvqMvUvB eyaevi mKvj †_‡K RgRgvU n‡q †hZ| dzjevwoi nvU| †Kv_v †_‡K bvbv iKg †jvK P‡j AvmZ †mw`b| †`vKvwb‡`i gZ Gw`K-Iw`K †_‡K †Kbvi †jvKRbI AvmZ| Ic‡ii cvnv‡oi Iw`KUv fzUv‡bi GKUv cÖvšÍ, Ab¨ †`k| bv‡g Ab¨ †`k| †jvKR‡bi evRviNvU-†hvMv‡hvM, me GB dzjevwo| cvnvwo c_ a‡i GKv ev †QvU `‡j †b‡g AvmZ Zviv| `y-GKRb AvmZ †QvU Mvav ev L”Pi m‡½ wb‡q| Zviv Av`v †ePZ, †Kvqv‡ki e¯Ív Lvwj KiZ| †ZRcvZv Avi gmjv wK‡b wb‡q †hZ e¨vM f‡i| GQvov †gwP b`xi Icvk †_‡KI AvmZ A‡b‡K| Zviv AvmZ c_ Ny‡i| Zv‡`iI mvßvwnK †Kbv‡ePv ej‡Z dzjevwo| GiKgB GKUv RvqMv| cvnvo †hLv‡b Wzqv‡m© wg‡k †M‡Q Zvi Mv‡q Qov‡bv GKUv Rbc`| euv-w`‡Ki cvnv‡oi D‡V hvIqv Xv‡j Pv`i weQv‡bvi gZ Pv evMvb| Kvj‡P meyR| Wv‡bi Xvj †b‡g wM‡q b`x| cv_i Mwo‡q wb‡q hvIqv b`x| b`xi Iw`‡K AveviI evMvb| Zvi Iw`‡K AvKv‡k †XD †Ljv‡bv Qvqv-Qvqv cvnvo| GB b`x A‡bKLvwb wM‡q †Kv‡bv GK M‡Äi av‡i bvwK


AjsKiY : ZiæY †Nvl eywo-†Zvm©vq c‡o‡Q| b`x G‡m‡Q Ic‡ii cvnv‡oi duvK M‡j-M‡j| Z‡e KZ Ici †_‡K Avmvi ïiæ Zv Gw`‡Ki †KD Rv‡b bv| GiKg RvqMv‡ZB Avevi GKUv †gjv e‡m †hZ cÖwZ eQi| †mUv wVK nv‡Ui †fZ‡i bq| nvU Qvwo‡q †h-duvKv PZ¡i Zvi Pvicv‡k| †m‡Þ¤^i ev A‡±ve‡i Kx GKUv cvnvwo wZw_ a‡i emZ †gjvUv, el©v cvnvo †_‡K P‡j hvIqvi cici| Avw`¨Kv‡ji GKUv †Mvçv i‡q‡Q cvnv‡oi gv_vq| LvwbKUv fvOv‡Pviv cv_‡ii †Mvçv| †Kv‡bv g~wZ© †bB| cv_i R‡ov Kiv k~b¨ Ni| `~i-`~i †_‡K †jvK G‡m cvnvo †e‡q D‡V †Mvçvi Pvicv‡k NyiZ| GB †QvU RvqMvUvq A‡bK †jvK G‡m nvwRi nZ †gjvi w`b¸‡jv‡Z| Ic‡ii cvnvo †_‡K AvmZ, Avevi b`x †hLv‡b mgZ‡j Qwo‡q‡Q †mme w`K †_‡KI AvmZ| `y-wZb w`‡bi †Mvçv †Nvivi mgqUv‡K wb‡qB wb‡Pi Xv‡j †gjv| hw`I †gjv R‡g IVv Avi fvOvi mgq wb‡q w`bmv‡ZK †Zv nZB| †gjv ˆZwi nIqvi †Kv‡bv wbqg wQj bv, †`vKvwbiv †h hvi gZ AvmZ, †`vKvb mvRvZ| Zey mevi Av‡M cÖwZ eQi G‡m nvwRi nZ wfb‡`wk GK ev‡qv‡¯‹vcIqvjv| †m G‡jB †evSv †hZ †gjv Gj e‡j|

j¤^v X¨vOv †Pnviv †mB †jvKwUi| gvSeqm| Lv‡Uv aywZ| ev‡qv‡¯‹v‡ci ev·Uv gv_vq K‡i nvwRi nZ GKw`b| ejZ, c~wY©qvi Iw`‡Ki †jvK, eQ‡i mvZ-AvU gvm ev· gv_vq †gjvq Ny‡i †eov‡bvB KvR| GB dzjevwo †gjv w`‡qB bvwK cÖwZev‡ii kxZKv‡ji †gjv ïiæ nZ Zvi| Miæev_vb hvIqvi ev‡mi gv_vq †P‡c AvmZ †m| evm †_‡K †b‡g K_v ejZ †gv‡oi gv_vi †Pbv †`vKvwb‡`i m‡½| Avkcv‡k Av‡iv KUv †Pbv †jvK wQj Zvi| dzjevwoi A‡b‡KB cvnv‡oi †k‡li GB RvqMvUzKz †Q‡o KL‡bv †Kv_vI hvqwb| Zviv ev‡qv‡¯‹vcIqvjv‡K wN‡i e‡m ïbZ evB‡ii c„w_exi K_v| †jvKUv KL‡bv ejZ †Kvwk b`xi Ici Av‡iv GKUv weªR ˆZwii Mí| KL‡bv ejZ Zv‡`i MÖvg †_‡K bvwK evm Pvjy n‡e aywjqvb ch©šÍ| ZLb kni Av‡iv KvQvKvwQ G‡m hv‡e MÖv‡gi| †mB m‡½ †jvKUv †kvbvZ gyjy‡Ki Av‡iv A‡bK K_v| Gme ej‡Z-ej‡Z Pv †LZ, ev· Rgv †i‡L †Kv‡bv GKUv †`vKv‡b Ny‡gvZ Ges ciw`b mKvj †_‡K bxj‡P GKUv cøvw÷K UvbvZ PviwU LyuwUi gv_vq| ev‡qv‡¯‹vcIqvjvi ciciB P‡j AvmZ e›`yK w`‡q †ejyb dvUv‡bvi †`vKvb| eo GKUv e¨vM e‡q wb‡q AvmZ †QvKiv

51


†Q‡jUv| Zvi gv_vq SuvKov Pzj, Kuv‡a Qiiv ¸wji e›`yK| †m AvmZ cv‡q †nu‡U, wb‡R‡K ejZ gqbv¸woi †jvK| Z‡e mivmwi gqbv¸wo †_‡K bvwK AvmZ bv| †Kv_v †_‡K Avm‡Q Rvb‡Z PvB‡j I G‡KKevi ejZ G‡KKUv RvqMvi bvg| Zvici †`vKvb LvwU‡q mKvj †_‡K K¨vbfv‡mi Kvc‡oi Mv‡q †QvU iwOb †ejyb mvRv‡Z ïiæ K‡i w`Z| †ejyb mvRv‡bv n‡q †M‡j wbR¯^ n¨vÛgvB‡K †jvK WvKZ †Q‡jUv| †QvU †`vKvwbivI `y-GKRb K‡i G‡m †hZ GB mgq| nvIqvB wgVvB, wR‡f-MRv, cøvw÷‡Ki †Ljbv| ZvivI †h hvi gZ †`vKvb wb‡q emZ| Kv‡Qi cvnvwo ew¯Í †_‡K cvbgZx bv‡gi †g‡qUvI P‡j AvmZ ZLb| G‡K-Zv‡K a‡i †gjvi †kl gv_vq euvk Avi cøvw÷‡Ki NycwP GKUv Ni Zzwj‡q wbZ cvbgZx| GKvB AvmZ †m| †gjvi Kw`b Ii N‡i w`‡b-iv‡Z bvbv †jv‡Ki Avbv‡Mvbv| GB m‡½ GwM‡q AvmZ †Mvçv †Nvivi wZw_| cvnv‡oi Xv‡j dzjevwo f‡i †hZ Qov‡bv-wQUv‡bv gvbyl Avi Zv‡`i bvbv iKg K_vq| Gi KvQvKvwQ mg‡q Av‡iv GKUv †jvK‡K †`Lv †hZ| †m AvmZ mvB‡Kj Pvwj‡q| ZLb †gjv ïiæ n‡q †M‡Q| †jvKUvi eq¯‹ †ivMv †Pnviv, fvOv Mvj, gv_vq euv‡ki †Mvj †UvKv| Zvi mvB‡K‡ji †cQ‡b `wo w`‡q euvav wU‡bi cyi‡bv ev·| LvwbKUv KmiZ K‡iB mvB‡Kj Pvjv‡Z-Pvjv‡Z nvwRi nZ †m| ev‡·i Mv‡q †e¸wb i‡O Kx me †jLv, Bu`yi Avi‡kvjvi Dj‡U-cov Qwe| †m G‡m cyi‡bv K¨vw¤^‡mi †h KvcoUv LvUvZ Zv‡ZI †jLv Avi Qwe| wb‡P Ii wb‡Ri bvg, d¨vKv‡m bxj Bs‡iwR A¶‡i| W±i wW †K †nvo, we-G, i¨vU-wKjvi| IB mvB‡K‡jB Zvi †`vKvb Avi Ny‡i †eov‡bv msmvi| †Mvçv †Nviv †kl n‡j †KD-†KD †divi mgq GK cywiqv Bu`yi gviv Kv‡jv ¸u‡ov wK‡b wb‡q †hZ| wel-†ePv †jvKUv †gjvq cywiqv wewµi K_v ejZ †fvRcywi, evsjv Avi wbR¯^ Bs‡iwR wgwj‡q| Ñ K‡e GK w`‡bv †g evB‡ii Pzunv Ni ci †WbRvi evÜvq, †eªK BIi d¨vwgwj... †mv BD evB gvB †gwWwmb| gvbyl cywiqv wbZ Gme gRvi K_v ï‡b| GI wQj GK iKg eQ‡ii †KbvKvUv| dzjevwoi †gjv †_‡KB| †k‡li w`‡K nvwRi nZ fvjyK bvPv‡bv GKwU †jvK| Zvi †PK jyw½ Avi †MwÄ, Kuv‡a †QvU †Xvj| Zvi †cQ‡b `woeuvav GK †Rvov fvjyK| †Mvj Kv‡jv e¯Ívi gZ †Pnviv, iv¯Ívi gvwU ïuK‡Z-ïuK‡Z `woeuvav fvjyK `ywU gvwj‡Ki †cQ‡b cvnvo a‡i †b‡g P‡j AvmZ| †jvKwU G‡m mgq bó bv K‡i †Xvj evwR‡q ïiæ K‡i w`Z fvjyK †Ljv †`Lv‡bv| cï`ywU `ycv‡q nuvUZ, wWMevwR w`Z, Uc‡K †hZ gv_v bvwg‡q †XvjK evRv‡bv †jvKwU‡K| GB †Ljv Avi evRbv‡ZB †hb f‡i DVZ †gjv| cv‡q-cv‡q †Mvçv †NvivI ïiæ n‡q †hZ| mKvj †_‡K dzjevwoi Xvj †mw`b f‡i DVZ is‡ei‡Oi †jv‡K| `~i †_‡K †`L‡j †hb GKwU G‡jv‡g‡jv Qwe| GKw`K †_‡K ïiæ n‡q hvIqv cvnvo, AvKv‡ki mxgv ch©šÍ| cvnv‡oi duvK M‡j †ewi‡q Avmv b`x| b`xi euv‡Ki †Kv‡bv †kl †bB| G Qvov Qov‡bv Pv evMvb| Zvi Iw`‡K Nb n‡q `uvwo‡q _vKv R½j| Gm‡ei gv‡SB Kv‡Qi GKUv cvnvo †e‡q D‡V hv‡”Q gvbyl, miæ wd‡Zi gZ| gv‡S K‡qKwU Zuvey| Qov‡bv Avi G‡jv‡g‡jv| `~‡i b`xi w`‡K cvbgZxi NycwPi mvg‡bI `y-PviRb †jv‡Ki Avbv‡Mvbv|

52

Gm‡ei gv‡SB GKevi GKwU bZzb †jvK Gj| Zvi bZzb nvjPvj| †jvKwUi †g‡nw›` i‡Oi `vwo, Uvbv †PvL| Mjvq cvwLi †VuvU, bL Avi bywocv_‡ii gvjv| †ivMv j¤^v kix‡i Zvwj gviv GKwU †RveŸv| Pz‡j cvK, Zey wVK †hb eqm †evSv †Mj bv| †jvKwU G‡m KvD‡K wKQy bv e‡j cyi‡bv †gvUv GKwU Kvco †c‡Z †djj gvwU‡Z| Zvi †mB Kvc‡o is-IVv bvbv iKg Qwe| †jvKwU Dey n‡q emj †mme Qwei mvg‡b| Drmvnx wKsev †gjv‡Nviv †jv‡Kiv †LuvR wb‡Z G‡j †Lvbv Mjvq ejj, fvM¨dj... fvM¨dj| Ñ Kvi fvM¨dj? Ñ hviv Rvb‡Z Pvq Zv‡`i| hviv Rvb‡Z Pvq bv Zv‡`iI| e‡j †jvKwU gyPwK nvmj| Zvici ûm K‡i †ivMv gZb GKUv †jvK‡K †U‡b wb‡q Zvi nvZ †P‡c aij Kvc‡oi GK †Kvbvq| K‡qK wgwbU| Zvi Kv‡b Gici Kx me †hb e‡j w`j| †jvKwU †NvijvMvi gZ D‡V `uvwo‡q Kx fve‡Z-fve‡Z wgwj‡q †Mj wf‡o| †gjvi †fZi †_‡K GK-`yRb K‡i gvbyl Avm‡Z _vKj fvM¨ †R‡b †bIqvi Rb¨| †gjv KwgwUi gvZei †mevi wcUvi gyÛv| Kv‡Qi Pv evMv‡b Kzwji m`©vi| †cUv‡bv gqjv †Pnviv| mvg‡bi †gv‡o Ii cuvPwg‡kwj †`vKvb| †`vKvbUv wcUv‡ii eD mvgjvZ| wcUvi G‡m †`Lj †jvKwU‡K| ejj, cviwgkvb? †jvKwU ejj, †bB| Ñ Zvn‡j? †jvKwU ejj, RvbZvg bv †h| Ñ GLv‡b †`vKvb cvZ‡j †gjv KwgwU‡K bRivbv w`‡Z nq ZvI wK Rvbv †bB? Avkcv‡ki †`vKvwb †Kv cyQ K‡i †`‡Lv| me †gjv †g †Rv wbqg...| †jvKwU ejj, hvIqvi Av‡M w`‡q hve m¨vi| Zvici wcUvi hLb P‡j hv‡”Q ZLb Kv‡Q †W‡K wdmwdm K‡i ejj, c‡ii evi †m‡µUvwi _vKv n‡”Q bv wKš‘| nq‡Zv †`‡kB _vKv n‡”Q bv| P‡j hvIqv wcUvi wd‡i Gj| wcUv‡ii †ivMv †Pnviv| gv_vq †Mvj †KuvKov‡bv Pzj| wd‡i `uvovj †g‡nw›` `vwoi †jvKwUi mvg‡b| wcUv‡ii †Pv‡L we¯§q Avi Awek¦vm| Mjv bvwg‡q ejj, wkwj¸woi `vjvj‡K wZwik nvRvi UvKv †`Iqv Av‡Q| Qgvm a‡i ej‡Q Aveyavwe n‡q hv‡e| †jwKb †Nviv‡”Q wKbv eyS‡Z cviwQ bv! gvwU‡Z emv fvM¨djIqvjv wcUvi‡KI em‡Z ejj wb‡P| Qwei †Kv_vI ivL‡Z ejj gy‡Vv Kiv euv-nvZ| †ZuZzjweQvi QweUv mvg‡b| wcUvi †mLv‡bB nvZ ivLj| †jvKwU †`Lj K‡qK gyn~Z©| wcUvi‡K ejj, †deªæqvwii †k‡l kxZ K‡g Avm‡e, b`xi av‡ii mvwimvwi Mv‡Qi cvZv c‡o hv‡e, ZLb evB‡i Kv‡R P‡j hvIqv| wd‡i Avm‡Z `yeQi| wcUvi AevK| AvcøyZI| UvKv w`‡Z hvw”Qj| †jvKwU wbj bv| ejj, fvM¨ e‡j UvKv wbB bv ûRyi| Ñ Z‡e! †jvKwU ejj, †gv‡oi gv_vi mewR Avi fv‡Zi †`vKvb‡K e‡j w`‡jB nj| `y‡ejv †L‡Z †c‡j Avgvi P‡j hvq... cvnv‡oi w`K †_‡K Avmv wkiwk‡i evZvm Avi †iv‡` fvjyKIqvjvi †Xvj evRwQj `~‡i| Zvi cyi‡bv †Xv‡ji Pvgovq †Kv‡bv Uvb †bB| d‡j WzgWzg GK‡N‡q AvIqvR| ZLb †Mvçv †Nviv PjwQj wUjvi gv_vq| †divi c‡_ cÖwZev‡ii gZ i¨vU-wKjvi wK‡b e¨v‡M ¸uRwQj gvbylRb| †Q‡j-†QvKiviv Qiiv e›`y‡K iwOb †ejyb dvUv‡bvi †Póv K‡i hvw”Qj GKcv‡k|


ev‡qv‡¯‹vcIqvjv `uvwo‡q-`uvwo‡q ev‡·i n¨v‡Ûj †Nvivq Avi Uvbv my‡i G-†`L I-†`L e‡j| fvM¨d‡ji Pvicv‡kI R‡g DV‡Z _v‡K wfo| cvbgZx mvivw`b a‡i N‡i †jvK †XvKvq, `vg ey‡S Ava-NÈv GK-NÈv iv‡L, Zvici evi K‡i w`‡q weQvbvi Pv`i Uvb K‡i c‡ii Rb‡K †W‡K †bq| fv‡M¨i †jvKwU G‡mwQj †gjvi †kl w`‡K| †k‡li wZbw`b| wZbw`b ci †gjvq fvOv nv‡Ui †Pnviv| †jvK Kg| †Mvçv †Nviv †kl| G‡jv‡g‡jv KvMR Avi kvjcvZv PZ¡i Ry‡o Qov‡bv| wRwjwc wR‡f-MRvi †`vKvwbiv bZzb K‡i Avi Dbyb aivj bv| bZzb †ejyb jvMv‡bv nj bv Puv`gvwii Mv‡q| ev· mvB‡K‡ji †cQ‡b Zz‡j `wo w`‡q euva‡Z _vKj wel-†eP‡Z Avmv †jvKwU| ev‡qv‡¯‹vcIqvjv Zvi Kv‡Q Rvb‡Z PvBj, Gev‡i †Kv_vq? i¨vU-wKjvi cÖ_‡g ev‡bk¦‡ii K_v ejj| †KvPwenvi| Zvici Am‡g †Mvqvjcvovi †gjv| meUvB mvB‡K‡j| ev‡qv‡¯‹vcIqvjv ejj, †Mvqvjcvovi †gjvq GL‡bv Mvb nq? nvwZi Mvb! Ñ nq nq‡Zv| Avwg ïb‡Z cvB bv| †jvKwU ejj| Zvici ejj, Avgvi PvB Bu`yi, d¨vwgwj fvOv Bu`yi| e‡jB mvB‡Kj wb‡q nVvr iIbv n‡q †Mj| fvjyK nuvUv‡Z-nuvUv‡Z jyw½civ †jvKwUI wd‡i †Mj ciw`b| cvnv‡oi w`‡KB P‡j †Mj I| cvnvwo c_ hZ`~i †M‡Q ZZ`~‡i I‡K †`Lv †Mj| Ii Avm‡Z Avevi c‡ii eQi| ev‡qv‡¯‹vcIqvjv †gv‡oi gv_v †_‡K Pv Avi cvb †L‡q we‡K‡ji w`‡K Pvjmv hvIqvi †kl evmUvi gv_vq †P‡c emj| †h-†`vKv‡b ev‡qv‡¯‹v‡ci ev· ivLZ Zv‡K e‡j †Mj c‡ii evi bZzb bvwqKv‡`i Qwe wb‡q Avm‡e| hv‡`i Qwe Avb‡e †mme cybg-†mvbg‡`i bvgI ïwb‡q †Mj K‡qKUv| †m hvIqvi ci †gjvPZ¡i b`x ch©šÍ cÖvq duvKv| Lvwj gvV| ïay SuvKov †QvU MvQUvi wb‡P e‡m _vKj fvM¨dj Rvwb‡q hvIqv †jvKwU| Zvi mvg‡b gvwU‡Z cvZv wewPÎ Qwei Kvco| mvg‡b Qov‡bv nv‡Z‡Mvbv KUv gvbyl| †m Qvov `~‡i IB cvbgZxi Zuvey| †mLv‡b ZL‡bv GK-`ywU †jv‡Ki hvZvqvZ| †ejyb dvUv‡bv SuvKov Pz‡ji †Q‡jwU GKcv‡ki Kuv‡a Puv`gvwii †evW© Av‡iK Kuv‡a Qiiv e›`yK wb‡q P‡j hvw”Qj ciw`b mKv‡j| Av‡Mi iv‡ZB †`vKvb †f‡O w`‡q‡Q| fvM¨dj ejv †jvKwUi mvg‡b `uvovj I| gyLfiv cvb| †PvL Nywi‡q ejj, hv‡qMv †bwn? †g‡nw›` `vwo‡Z nvZ †evjvj AvjLvjøvi †jvKwU| ejj, Gw`‡Ki mevi fvM¨ ejv †kl †nvK Av‡M| Z‡e †Zv Qvo cvIqv| Zvici Lyu‡R-Lyu‡R Avevi GK †`k|

Ñ Avi wb‡Ri †`k? †jvKwU †n‡m ejj, ZvI Av‡Q| Z‡e †cQ‡b bq, mvg‡b| Zvici †_‡K †mB mvßvwnK nv‡Ui cv‡k, cvnvo †_‡K †b‡g Avmv b`x Avi iv¯Ívi Kv‡Q, SuvKov MvQZjvq fvM¨dj Rvbvi GKwU ¯’vqx Av¯Ívbv n‡q `uvovj| cÖ_‡g †gjv-wdiwZ †jv‡Ki gy‡L ïbj mevB| c‡i Av‡iv hviv Gj Zviv wd‡i wM‡q Ab¨‡`i ejj| wcUvi gyÛvi Aveyavwe nj bv| Ii nj `yM©vcy‡i, ¯úÄ-Avqib KviLvbvq e`wji †jevi| hvIqvi Av‡M I GKwU euvk Avi PU†Niv RvqMv evwb‡q w`‡q †Mj fvM¨d‡ji Pvicv‡k| Av‡Mi †jv‡Ki gyL †_‡K ï‡b c‡ii †jv‡Kiv Gj| Zviv Gj `ycyi ev we‡K‡ji ev‡m, cv‡q †nu‡U, †KD cvnvo wWwO‡q| mevB G‡m d¨vKv‡k Qwei mvg‡b em‡Z jvMj| gy‡Vv †P‡c ivLj weQv, k•L-jvMv mvc wKsev euv`‡ii Lywji Qwe‡Z| Zvici †jvKwUi KvQ †_‡K Kv‡b-Kv‡b fwel¨r †R‡b wd‡i P‡j †Mj| †k‡l GKw`b Gj cvbgZx| cvbgZxi m‡½ eQi Pvi-cuv‡Pi GKUv †Q‡j| †gjv †k‡liI wKQyw`b ci Ic‡ii cvnvo †_‡K cvbgZxi evc-gv Ii †Q‡j‡K wb‡q I‡K †diZ wb‡Z G‡m‡Q| †Q‡j wb‡q cvbgZx mKv‡j hLb Gj ZL‡bv †mw`‡bi †jvK hvZvqvZ ïiæ nqwb fv‡M¨i MvQZjvq| †jvKwU cvbgZx‡K †`Lj wKQy¶Y| †Q‡j‡K †`Lj| Zvici AvOyj w`‡q GKUv RvqMv †`Lvj em‡Z| gvwU‡ZB| †Q‡jUv cv‡k `uvwo‡q| †jvKwU cvbgZx‡K ejj, ewj‡q...| cvbgZx e‡m _vKj Pzc n‡q| †jvKwU isPUv Kvc‡oi †Kv_vI cvbgZx‡K nvZ ivL‡Z ejj| cvbgZx AevK n‡q †`L‡Z jvMj wewPÎ me Qwe| cvbgZxi ei †Q‡o P‡j †M‡Q †Q‡jUv nIqvi cÖvq cici| †mB †jvKUv †UªKvi PvjvZ gvjevRvi iæ‡U| _vKZ cvnv‡oi Xv‡j wQ‡Uv ew¯Í‡Z| Zvici GKw`b †UªKvi Pvwj‡q Avi wdij bv| Lei cvVvj, KvR LyuR‡Z P‡j †M‡Q wfb‡`‡k| wdi‡Z †`wi n‡e| †mB †`wii A‡c¶vq cvbgZxi P‡j †M‡Q A‡bK eQi| Z‡e GLb Avi Zvi A‡c¶v †bB| cvbgZxi ew¯Íi N‡i GLb m‡Ü †_‡K GK-GK K‡i gvbyl Av‡m| mKv‡ji LvwbKUv mgq ev` w`‡q KL‡bv w`‡bi †ejv‡ZI Av‡m| cvbgZxi gvbyl mvgjv‡bv KvR| †Mvçvi †gjvi wmR‡b Zvi mgq fvj Kv‡U| ZLb †m cvnvo †_‡K G‡m NycwP evbvq| ZLb w`b-ivZ a‡i †jvK, G‡Ki ci GK| Gw`‡Ki †jv‡Kiv Av‡m, Avevi wfb‡`wkivI Av‡m| duvK ey‡S †`vKvwbiv G‡m Ny‡i hvq| cvbgZxi wbR¯^ e¨emvq bvg n‡q †M‡Q|

cvbgZxi ei †Q‡o P‡j †M‡Q †Q‡jUv nIqvi cÖvq cici| †mB †jvKUv †UªKvi PvjvZ gvjevRvi iæ‡U| _vKZ cvnv‡oi Xv‡j wQ‡Uv ew¯Í‡Z| Zvici GKw`b †UªKvi Pvwj‡q Avi wdij bv| Lei cvVvj, KvR LyuR‡Z P‡j †M‡Q wfb‡`‡k| wdi‡Z †`wi n‡e| †mB †`wii A‡c¶vq cvbgZxi P‡j †M‡Q A‡bK eQi|

53


fvM¨dj-ejv †jvKwU gš¿ ejvi gZ ejj, wkwj¸wo †_‡K †jvK Avm‡e †Zvi Kv‡Q| gvj`v mv‡neMÄ gvwncyiv †_‡K Avm‡e| †Kvwk M½v ivqWvK cvi n‡q Avm‡e| Zv‡`i A‡Xj UvKv, m¤úwË A‡bK| wKš‘ †Zvi K_v GKevi Kv‡b †M‡j Zviv Avm‡eB| eD‡qi cv‡k ï‡qI kvwšÍ cv‡e bv †`‡k| 54

Z‡e cvnv‡oi †Nvi el©vq Ii mgq Lvivc hvq| ZLb `iRvq Uzj wb‡q e‡m mv`v‡U evB‡ii w`‡K †P‡q _v‡K| cvnvo †`‡L| AvKvk †`‡L| w`‡bi ci w`‡bi Uvbv e„wó _vg‡j Zvici hw` N‡i †KD Av‡m| cvbgZx emj fvM¨-ejv †jvKUvi mvg‡b| R‡ji Z‡ji GKUv Qwe wQj gvwU‡Z cvZv Kvc‡oi GK †Kvbvq| †mLv‡b cv_‡ii Mv‡q k¨vIjv, meyR cv-Iqvjv gvQ, _¨veov GK gv‡Qi gyL †_‡K eyoeywo DV‡Q Ic‡i| R‡ji Z‡ji †Nvjv‡U bxj Qwe| QweUv †`‡L †Kgb g‡b nj cvbgZxi| †mLv‡b gy‡Vv ivL‡Z wM‡q nv‡Zi ZvjyUv Qwo‡q †g‡j w`j| Ii †eu‡U dm©v †Mvj‡Mvj AvOy‡ji Zvjy| cvbgZxi Mjvq Nvg, k¦vm cowQj NbNb| Mjvq †Svjv‡bv cvwLi †VuvU, bL Avi bywo-cv_‡ii gvjvUv wVK K‡i wbj †jvKwU| Qwei Ici nv‡Zi ZvjyUv †`Lj A‡bK¶Y| Zvici cvbgZxi w`‡K ZvwK‡q ejj, evZv‡mi kã †kvbv Av‡Q? kxZ P‡j G‡j b`xi Z‡j L‡qwi cv_‡ii is e`j †`‡LwQm? cvbgZx Pzc| gv_v bvoj `yw`‡K| †jvKwU ejj, kxZ G‡m †M‡j b`xi Z‡ji cv_i d¨vKv‡m n‡q hvq| cv_‡ii ZLb wSg Av‡m| wSg-aiv cv_i ¯^cœ †`L‡Z ïiæ K‡i †`q| cvnv‡oi nvRvi eQi Av‡Mi ¯^cœ| A_ev Av‡iv Av‡Mi| †mB hLb GB b`x ˆZwi n‡”Q ZL‡bi| cvbgZx wKQy †ev‡S bv| †jvKwU weoweo K‡i e‡j hvq| Ñ b`x-cv‡oi MvQ GK-`y‡Uv K‡i cvZv Dwo‡q †`q kx‡Zi †Mvovq| K_v ej‡Z PvIqv evZvm †b‡g Av‡m Ici cvnvo †_‡K| ciï w`b †_‡K †mB evZvm eB‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q| cvbgZx Pzc| †m †PvL Zz‡j †`L‡Q| †g‡nw›` `vwo ZLb Mjv mvgvb¨ Zz‡j e‡j, evZvm ej‡Q GKw`b Gw`‡Ki me‡P‡q eo‡jvK n‡q hv‡e Avgvi mvg‡b †h emv| mevi evwoi †P‡q eo evwo n‡e Zvi| nvZ Zz‡j wbj cvbgZx| Nve‡o †Q‡jUv‡K †Kv‡j †U‡b wbj| ejj, †Kb? †jvKwU gš¿ ejvi gZ ejj, wkwj¸wo †_‡K †jvK Avm‡e †Zvi Kv‡Q| gvj`v mv‡neMÄ gvwncyiv †_‡K Avm‡e| †Kvwk M½v ivqWvK cvi n‡q Avm‡e| Zv‡`i A‡Xj UvKv, m¤úwË A‡bK| wKš‘ †Zvi K_v GKevi Kv‡b †M‡j Zviv Avm‡eB| eD‡qi cv‡k ï‡qI kvwšÍ cv‡e bv †`‡k| cvbgZx AevK| †jvKwU ejj, †Zvi Uv‡b Zviv GB DuPz-wbPz cvnv‡oi †`‡k Avm‡e| nuvP‡o-cuvP‡o n‡jI Avm‡e| hviv Avm‡Z cvi‡e bv Zviv N‡i e‡m cvMj n‡q hv‡e| e×cvMj| †Mvj‡Mvj †Pv‡L iv¯Ívq Nyi‡e| A_ev wel LyuR‡Z P‡j hv‡e mvB‡Kj Pvjv‡bv

Bu`yi-gvivi Kv‡Q| †Q‡j †Kv‡j cvbgZx mKv‡ji evZv‡mI Nvg‡Q| Ii g‡b nj, †h-Qwei Ici nvZ †i‡LwQj †mLv‡b R‡ji Z‡ji gvQ meyR cv Qwo‡q Pj‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q| cvZv Avi k¨vIjv m‡i hv‡”Q Zvi cv‡q †j‡M| _¨veov gy‡Li gvQUvi `yB Kvb‡Kv ax‡i-ax‡i bo‡Q| †g‡nw›` `vwo fvOv-Mv‡ji fvM¨djIqvjv †PvL ey‡R ejj, †mme †jvK G‡m Mjvi nvi Ly‡j †i‡L hv‡e| AvOy‡ji cv_i †i‡L hv‡e †Zvi euv-nv‡Zi Zvjy‡Z| duvKv †P‡K mB K‡i ¸u‡R †i‡L hv‡e †Zvi `ycv‡qi Ic‡ii Luv‡R| cvbgZxi gv_v NyiwQj| fvewQj c‡o hv‡e| ZLb †`Lj R‡ji Z‡ji k¨vIjv Avi gv‡Q‡`i Qwe Avevi w¯’i| †VuvU mvgvb¨ †g‡j K_v ejj cvbgZx| Ñ wKš‘...| fvM¨-ejv †jvKwU wb‡Ri Mjvq †Svjv‡bv cvwLi †VuvUUv Kv‡b XzwK‡q Kvb PzjKv‡Z jvMj| †`LwQj `~‡i| ejj, wKš‘ Kx? Ñ evc †h Avgvi †di we‡q wVK K‡i‡Q| gv-I ZvB ej‡Q| Ñ †K †Zvi gv Avi evc? Ñ IB hviv cvnv‡oi Iw`‡Ki Xv‡j _v‡K| K¤^j Mv‡q w`‡q Dey n‡q e‡m _v‡K mvivw`b| Avgvi †Q‡j‡K †`‡L| Avgvi Av‡q Zv‡`i w`b hvq| Ñ WvK †Zvi evc‡K| cvbgZx D‡V †Mj| wd‡i Gj cyi‡bv K¤^j Rov‡bv ey‡ov †jvKUv‡K wb‡q| †jvKUvi Mv‡j fuvR| Kcv‡j fuvR| gy‡L K_v †bB| fvM¨djIqvjv †`Lj GB ey‡ov-gy‡Li m‡½I †ek wgj cvbgZxi hyeZx gy‡Li| Pvcv bvK, †dvjv Mvj, †Mvj wPeyK| GKB Av`j| ïay mg‡qi hv dvivK| A‡bK eQ‡ii Icvi Avi Gcvi| fvM¨djIqvjv ejj, †g‡qi we‡q jvMv”Q †Kv_vq? †jvKUvi gy‡L K_v †bB| ïay †PvL †KuvPKv‡bv nvwm| ZLb cvbgZxB ejj, cvnv‡oi Ic‡i †h bZzb RvqMv, `y‡Uv †`vKvb, m‡e `y-GKRb †jvK Avm‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q, †mLv‡b †QvU GKUv †nv‡Uj Pvjvq †jvKUv| gvm`yB Av‡M Zvi eD gviv †M‡Q| evc-gv K_v w`‡q w`‡q‡Q| †g‡nw›` `vwo ejj, K_v hLb w`‡q‡Q we‡q ZLb n‡eB| kxZ †kl nIqvi Av‡MB †Zvi we‡q n‡q hv‡e| Ñ Zvici! Ñ Zvici msmvi Ki‡Z P‡j hvwe| Ñ †Kv_vq? Ñ †h-†`‡k †Zvi evwo n‡e †mB †`‡k| cvbgZx `uvovj Av‡iv wKQy¶Y| Zvici †jvKwU Bw½‡Z P‡j †h‡Z ejvq iIbv n‡q †Mj| hvIqvi Av‡M cvbgZx †jvKUv‡K wKQy w`‡Z †P‡qwQj| ZL‡bv wbj bv †jvKwU|


nvmj| ejj, Gw`‡Ki mevi fvM¨ ejv †kl n‡j b`xi fvM¨ eje| ¯^cœ †_‡K Zz‡j Mv †`Le Wz‡evcv_‡ii| Zvici P‡j hve wfb‡`‡k| c‡i hw` Avevi KL‡bv Avwm †Zv †`Lv n‡e| b`xi av‡ii iv¯Ív a‡i `ycy‡ii ci †mw`b Ic‡ii cvnv‡o P‡j †Mj cvbgZx| m‡½ Ii †Q‡j| †cQ‡b †U‡b‡U‡b Pjv ey‡ov evc Avi gv| A‡bKLvwb c_ D‡V Ic‡ii GKUv euv‡K A`„k¨ n‡q †Mj Iiv| Avi Zvi Kw`b c‡iB †mB GKUv m`¨ eD-giv gvSeqmx †jvK G‡m cvbgZx‡K we‡q K‡i wb‡q †Mj Av‡iv `~‡ii †Kvb cvnv‡oi w`‡K| `yB RvqMvUvi mwZ¨B †mfv‡e bvg nqwb ZL‡bv| `~‡i-`~‡i Qov‡bv KUv Ni| cvnvwo †jvKR‡bi| †mme †jvK KvQvKvwQ R½‡j Miæ Avi †fovi Rb¨ Nvm Avb‡Z †hZ| cvnv‡oi Mv‡q eb LvwbKUv cwi®‹vi K‡i fzÆv djvZ wZb gvm| Avi Mvb MvBZ euv‡ki duvcv GKUv hš¿ evwR‡q, kx‡Z Avi el©vq| Avi wQj KvQvKvwQ GKUv KzÐ| Mig R‡ji| cv_i dzu‡o w`b-ivZ Mig Rj D‡V AvmZ †mLv‡b| `ycyibvMv` GKUv wRc AvmZ Miæev_vb †_‡K| NÈvLv‡bK `uvwo‡q Avevi P‡j †hZ| Zv‡Z P‡o KL‡bv-mL‡bv AvmZ evB‡ii †jv‡Kiv| `y-GKw`b Kv‡iv evwo‡Z †_‡K ZvivI wd‡i †hZ| cvbgZxi e‡ii IiKgB GKUv Ni wQj evB‡ii †jvK ivLvi| Kv‡Vi †QvU Ni| wU‡bi Pvj| `iRvq AvKvk i‡Oi cvZjv c`©v| cvbgZx‡K †jvKUv KvR w`j †mB NiUv mvgjv‡bvi| cvbgZx †`Lv‡kvbv Ki‡Z jvMj nVvr-nVvr P‡j-Avmv `y-GKRb †jv‡Ki| wKš‘ †Mvjgvj evaZ m‡Üi ciciB| cvbgZx hLb iv‡Zi Lvev‡ii †LuvR wb‡Z ev Lvevi †cuŠ‡Q w`‡Z AvmZ| I‡K †`‡LB ZLb †Kgb-†Kgb n‡q †hZ †h-†Kv‡bv gvbyl| cvbgZxi †PvL †`‡L Zvi gv_v G‡jv‡g‡jv n‡q †hZ| ZLb †m cvbgZx‡KB PvBZ| cvbgZx‡K fvjevmvi K_v bv ej‡Z cvi‡j †hb eyK †d‡U hv‡e| cvbgZx Avevi mvivivZ a‡i ïb‡Z ïiæ Kij bvbv gvby‡li fvjevmvi K_v| Zvici hviv Gj Zviv Ab¨Î _vK‡jI G‡KK ivZ fvM K‡i m½ wb‡Z jvMj cvbgZxi| I‡K Zviv g‡bi K_v †kvbv‡Z PvBj| hviv Kz‡Ð mœvb KiZ Zv‡`iI mœv‡bi ci g‡b nZ Ii K_vB| GZw`‡bi cvnvo b`x Avi cyi‡bv cvB‡bi gZB n‡q DVj cvbgZx| hviv †`‡k wd‡i †Mj Zviv fzj‡Z cvij bv I‡K| †`‡k Ab¨‡`i ejj| hviv ejj bv Zv‡`i †KD KvM‡R Ii K_v wjLj| ZvB ï‡b Avi c‡o P‡j Gj Av‡iv A‡b‡K| hviv Avm‡Z cvij bv Zviv N‡i e‡m fve‡Z _vKj K‡e KvR †_‡K Qvo cvIqv hv‡e| K‡e wZbw`‡bi duvK wgj‡e msmv‡i| Rgv‡bv UvKvi LvwbKUv K‡e †i‡L Avmv hv‡e cvbgZx Avi cvnv‡oi Kv‡Q| †QvÆ RvqMvUvq ZLb wbqZ hvZvqvZ| memgq gvbyl| boe‡o †h-Ni¸‡jv Avkcv‡k wQj †`L‡Z-†`L‡Z Zvi K‡qKUv cvKv n‡q †Mj| bvbviKg bvg nj Zv‡`i| gvD›U wfD, AwK©W †nvg, Av‡iv KZ| †Uwj‡dv‡bi ey_ emj wZb iv¯Ívi gy‡L| GKgvÎ †h †QvU gyw`-†`vKvbUvq Pvj Avi Avjy-†cuqvR Qvov GZw`b wKQy cvIqv hvqwb, †mLv‡b k¨v¤úyi cvZv Avi †Kvì-wWªsm Gj| gvjevRvi †_‡K mivmwi wRc Avm‡Z _vKj w`‡b wZbevi| ¯’vbxq †jvK hviv Ic‡ii cvnv‡o Nvm Avb‡Z

†hZ, Zviv †mB cvnv‡oi gv_vUzKz mvd K‡i mvbivBR c‡q›U bvg w`‡q w`j| †mLv‡b †fvi‡ejv wb‡q †h‡Z jvMj †eov‡Z Avmv †jvK‡`i| Gme †_‡K Aí †nu‡U bZzb RvqMvq bZzb evwo nj cvbgZxi| cvKv †`vZjv evwo| wb‡P †nv‡Uj, Ic‡i _vKvi Ni| wb‡P gv‡e©j euvav‡bv N‡i cvbgZx ZL‡bv cÖwZ iv‡Z KvD‡K bv KvD‡K m½ w`‡q hvq| ZLb †`k-we‡`k †_‡K †jvK Avm‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q GK ivZ fvjevmvi K_v ejvi Rb¨| †kvbv bq, ïay fvjevmvi K_v e‡j hvIqv| †mme †jv‡Ki bvwK c„w_ex‡Z fvjevmvi K_v ejvi RvqMv dzwi‡q G‡m‡Q| wkwj¸wo †_‡K Mvwo fvov K‡i G‡b Zviv `uvo Kwi‡q ivLZ| mKvj‡ejv hvIqvi Av‡M Zviv c‡_ nuvUZ, wb‡P e‡m Pv †LZ| Zvici cvbgZxi Kv‡Q A‡bKLvwb UvKv bvwg‡q †i‡L P‡j †hZ| KvW© N‡l UvKv †`Iqvi wbqg Pvjy n‡”Q wKbv Rvb‡Z PvBwQj †KD-†KD| Ni cwi®‹vi Ki‡Z G‡m cvbgZxi ey‡ov‡U ei †g‡Si †Kv‡Y c‡o _vKv mB Kiv duvKv †PK Kzwo‡q †cj GKevi| cvbgZxi †Pv‡Li mvg‡b GKUv RvqMv e`jv‡Z-e`jv‡Z Av‡iKUv RvqMv n‡q †Mj| wQ‡Uv ew¯Íi evev-gvi KvQ †_‡K †Q‡j‡K wb‡q G‡m cvbgZx Zv‡K fwZ© K‡i w`j is‡cvq, †evwW©s ¯‹z‡j| cvbgZxi gy‡Li Pvgovq ZZw`‡b GKUz wXjv fve, kix‡iI| Zey Zvi Pz‡j is, b‡L D`vmx jvj| cÂvk-†Quvqv gvby‡liv ZL‡bv Zvi mÜv‡b Ny‡i †eovq| Zvi K_v Rvb‡Z cvi‡j Kw`‡bi Rb¨ msmvi we¯^v` n‡q hvq| cvbgZx meUv †`‡L, mevB‡K †`‡L| Avi KL‡bv `yciy ‡ejv e„wó bvg‡j GKv ZvwK‡q _v‡K `~‡i cvnv‡oi w`‡K| †ng‡šÍi †iv` Gwj‡q co‡j fv‡e kxZKv‡ji K_v| kx‡Z cvnv‡oi Mv‡Qiv `uvwo‡q _vK‡e Pzc n‡q| cv_i‡`i ¯^cœ †`Lvi w`b ïiæ n‡q hv‡e| nvRvi eQ‡ii KzÐ †_‡K Eò Rj Avi †auvqv †e‡iv‡e ZL‡bv| LvwbKUv eqm n‡q-hvIqv cvbgZx c‡i Av‡iKevi G‡mwQj dzjevwo‡Z| cvnv‡oi av‡ii †gjvq| †gjv ZLb e`‡j †M‡Q A‡bKUvB| ev‡qv‡¯‹vcIqvjv †bB| i¨vU-wKjvi Av‡m bv| †ejyb dvUv‡bv †Q‡jwUiI LvwbK eqm n‡q †M‡Q| †m ZLb `~i‡`‡k Qwe Avi cU wewµ K‡i †eovq| fvM¨djIqvjvi mv¶x n‡q ZL‡bv i‡q †M‡Q cyi‡bv SuvKov MvQwU| †mB MvQ Av‡iv Wvjcvjv †g‡j‡Q| Dm‡KvLym‡Kv gvby‡li gZ Mv‡Qi Wvj †b‡g G‡m‡Q gvwUi KvQvKvwQ| †jvKRb jvwM‡q Kw`‡bi g‡a¨ MvQZjvwU euvwa‡q w`‡q cvbgZx Avevi wd‡i wM‡qwQj|

wZb

Zvici P‡j †Mj A‡bK-A‡bK eQi| dzjevwo‡Z GL‡bv eyaevi K‡i nvU e‡m| cvnv‡oi av‡ii †gjvwU‡Z gvbyl Av‡m kxZ Avmvi gy‡L| wUjv †e‡q D‡V cv_‡ii †Mvçvi Pvicv‡k GL‡bv Ny‡i hvq Zviv| ZLb Ic‡ii cvnvo †_‡K cÖ_g Dˇii nvIqv Av‡m| b`xi av‡ii MvQ †_‡K GKwU-`ywU cvZv S‡i hvq| cvbgZxi euvav‡bv MvQwUi Wv‡j †gjv †_‡K evwo hvIqvi Av‡M GLb jvj my‡Zvq bywocv_i Szwj‡q w`‡q hvq A‡b‡K| †jv‡Ki gy‡L MvQwU GLb fvM¨d‡ji MvQ| eQ‡ii Ab¨ mgq wbR©b PZ¡‡i cv_‡iiv Mv‡Qi Mv‡q †evev n‡q Sz‡j _v‡K| c‡ii eQi †gjvq G‡m cv_i Ly‡j w`‡q †h‡Z cv‡i †KD-†KD| †KD eQ‡ii ci eQi †Lvjvi Avkvq Ny‡i †eovq| Kv‡iv MvQ †_‡K cv_i †Lvjvi A‡c¶vq GK-GKLvwb Rxeb †K‡U hvq| r

55


`yqv‡i cÖ¯‘Z Mvwo Avdmvbv †eMg

Rv

bvjvi wk‡Ki duvK w`‡q †`Ljvg fvov Kiv gvB‡µvevmUv †M‡Ui mvg‡b `uvov‡bv| †`vZjv †_‡K Mvwoi Qv`Uv cwi®‹vi †`Lv †Mj| `y‡Uv-wZb‡U my¨U‡Km †mLv‡b Gu‡UB hv‡e, evwK Avgiv `yRbmn †fZ‡i| eo Avmeve¸‡jv Uªv‡K f‡i cvwV‡q w`w”Qjvg wZbw`b a‡i| iv¯Ívi gv_vq GKUv †QvÆ mvBb‡ev‡W© †jLv, ÔUªv‡K Uªv‡K gvjvgvj cvVv‡bv nqÕ| †hgb evievi Uªv‡Ki K_v wj‡L‡Q, †ZgbB evievi G‡m gvjcÎ wb‡q †Mj| Aek¨ gv‡qi k‡Li wKQy Kv‡Pi wRwbm, Zvi g‡a¨ gv‡qi we‡q‡Z Dcnvi cvIqv wU-†mU †_‡K ïiæ K‡i RM ch©šÍ Av‡Q, †mme cyi‡bv †ccvi †cuwP‡q, Zvi Ic‡i cyi‡bv n‡q hvIqv Pv`i Avi c`©vq Av‡iv K‡qKevi †cuwP‡q KvM‡Ri ev‡· ivLv n‡qwQj| ev·¸‡jv gvB‡µvev‡m K‡qK wUª‡c P‡j †M‡Q Avgvi Avi gv‡qi _vKvi Rb¨ †QvÆ fvov Kiv A¨vcvU©‡g‡›U| Gev‡ii wUªcUvB n‡e †kl wUªc| Avi AvR GUvB n‡e G-evwo †_‡K Avgv‡`i †kl hvIqv| Zvov †bB; Zey hvIqvi Rb¨ gv‡K wbw`©ó mg‡qi K_v e‡j †i‡LwQjvg| evwo‡Z bv †L‡j gv‡qi A¯^w¯Í nq| ZvB `yc‡y ii LveviUv G-evwo‡Z †L‡q bZzb evwo‡Z wM‡q iv‡Zi Av‡qvRb Kiv hv‡e †f‡e we‡Kj _vK‡Z-_vK‡ZB †mLv‡b †cuŠQ‡bvi B‡”Q wQj| Rvbvjv †_‡K m‡i evwoi †fZ‡ii w`‡Ki eviv›`vq wM‡q `uvovjvg| j¤^v-PIov Uvbv eviv›`v, wcjvi¸‡jv Bqv †gvUv| †QvUKv‡j IB wcjvi‡K Rwo‡q a‡i GK nvZ w`‡q Av‡iK nvZ †Quvqvi Lye †Póv wQj Avgvi| ax‡i-ax‡i GKw`b eyS‡Z †c‡iwQ, GLb †Kb, c~Ye© q¯‹ nv‡Zi ˆ`N©¨ wb‡qI KL‡bv IB wcjvi¸‡jv‡K Rwo‡q nv‡Z nvZ Qu‡y Z cvie bv| A_P FZz cwieZ©‡bi m‡½ †e‡o IVv AcivwRZv wKsev mܨvgvjwZ Abvqv‡m Rwo‡q aiZ GKUvi c‡i GKUv mv`v wcjvi| el©v wK emšÍ wM‡q MvQ g‡i †M‡j †U‡bwnuP‡o ïK‡bv jZv¸‡jv mwi‡q Avb‡jI wcjv‡ii Mv‡q ay‡jvi cÖ‡j‡ci g‡Zv G‡jv‡g‡jv

56

ev`vwg `vM c‡o _vKZ| ax‡i-ax‡i GKw`b †mB `vM¸‡jv †PvLmnv n‡q †hZ; n‡ZB n‡Zv KviY cÖwZeQi evwo is Kivi g‡Zv evowZ cqmv Avgv‡`i nv‡Z _vKZ bv| Z‡e Avgv‡`i aea‡e mv`v evwo‡K Avgiv nq‡Zv Kíbvq Av‡Mi g‡ZvB †`LZvg, cÖwZ FZzi †d‡j-hvIqv `vM¸‡jv D‡cÿv K‡i| Avgv‡`i evwoi cv‡k GKBiK‡gi weªwUk Avg‡ji bKkvi Av‡iKwU †`vZjv evwo wQj| GB cvovq, GB i¨vswKb w÷ªU w`‡q †h‡Z-†h‡Z Gw`‡K ZvKv‡j gvby‡li g‡b hg‡Ri wPšÍv AvmZ wbðq| Z‡e GK n‡jI evwo`y‡Uv wVK GKiKg _vKZ bv| cv‡ki evwoUv cÖwZ el©vi c‡i bZzb i‡O †m‡R¸‡R ZiæYx n‡q DVZ| iv‡Zi AÜKv‡iI Zvi wSwjK †PvL GovZ bv| KL‡bv †`wi K‡i evwo wdi‡j cvkvcvwk `y‡Uv evwoi †M‡Ui mvg‡b `uvwo‡q g‡b n‡Zv, ZiæYx †hb wgwUwgwU nvwm wb‡q e„×v‡K AÜKv‡i wgwj‡q †h‡Z †`L‡Q| DËi w`‡Ki †mB evwo GLb Avi †bB| Zxeª k‡ã GKw`b †mLv‡b jvMvZvi nvZzwo coj, gvwUi m‡½ Zv‡K wgwk‡q w`‡q Z‡eB ev‡ivqvwi A¨vcvU©‡g›U †Zvjv n‡jv| evwoi †cQ‡bi w`‡K d‡ji evMv‡bi cuvwP‡ji c‡iI D‡V‡Q Av‡iK DuPz BgviZ| Avgv‡`i `„wó‡K ew›` Kivi ZvwM‡` †hb `yw`K †_‡K †`qvj Zz‡j †`Iqv n‡q‡Q| GKmgq cv‡ki ZiæYx evwoUvq †`vZjvi †Lvjv Qv‡`i g‡Zv As‡k evwoi †jvK‡`i †avqv Kvco †gjv n‡Zv| †`vZjvi G-eviv›`vq e‡m Avwg w`‡bi ci w`b GKwU †g‡q‡K Kvco †gj‡Z Avi ï‡Kv‡j Zz‡j wb‡q †h‡Z †`LZvg| Av‡M †m evjwZ †_‡K Kvco wb‡q `yB nvZ w`‡q Lye K‡i wPcZ| cÖwZwU Kvco wP‡c wb‡q Zvici Svov ïiæ KiZ| mvgvb¨ weiwZ‡Z SvovSvwoi kã Avi wb‡Ri Pviw`‡K inm¨gq Kzqvkv ˆZwi K‡i G‡K-G‡K me †g‡j w`Z| †`L‡Z-†`L‡Z †m-evwoi me Kvco nq‡Zv Avgvi †Pbv n‡q wM‡qwQj, ZvKv‡jB eySZvg, I, AvR †mB bxj kvwoUv| ciw`b Avevi njy` wK mv`v, Avcb g‡b fveZvg, AvR Kv‡jv †gvRv, Kvj wQj mv`v Avi ev`vwg| c‡i Aek¨ †g‡qwU Avi Kvco nv‡Z wb‡q


wPcZ bv, SvoZI bv, G‡bB †g‡j w`Z| Kvco †avqvi †gwkb P‡j G‡mwQj eywS evwo‡Z| †Kv‡bvw`b †duvUv-†duvUv e„wó‡Z Kv‡iv wPrKv‡i †`Š‡o G‡m †m Kvco¸‡jv DwV‡q wbZ| `gKv evZv‡m †g‡j ivLv kvwo Zv‡K †cuwP‡q aiZ| †m nvj QvoZ bv, e„wói †duvUvi †QvUe‡ov RjQvcg‡Zv ejwcÖ›U nIqv kvwo †Kv‡bviK‡g †U‡b wb‡q †fZ‡ii w`‡K w`Z QyU| eQ‡ii ci eQi cvkvcvwk _vKvi c‡iI fvovwUqv †mB cwieviwUi m‡½ Avgv‡`i †Kv‡bv Rvbv‡kvbv nqwb| Z‡e eviv›`vq e‡m `xN©w`b a‡i †`L‡Z-†`L‡Z Ggb n‡qwQj †h, Zv‡`i MwZwewa e‡j w`‡Z cviZvg| Zvici GKw`b Zv‡`i P‡j †h‡Z n‡q‡Q; fvix †`qvj¸‡jv ¸uwo‡q †mLv‡b QqZjv evwo D‡V †M‡Q| AvR eûw`b n‡jv †mw`‡K Uvbv †`qvj, †QvU-†QvU †dvK‡ii g‡Zv ev_iæ‡gi Rvbvjv cÖwZ Zjvq| †KD Kv‡iv `wÿY w`‡Ki evZv‡mi cÖevn Gfv‡e †VwK‡q ivL‡Z cv‡i, bv †`L‡j wek¦vm KiZvg bv| Z‡e Avgvi Kx, Avgvi †Kej hZUzK,z Zv n‡jv, eûw`b n‡q †M‡Q †mw`‡K ZvwK‡q Avwg fvwe bv, AvR kvwoi isUv Kx? wKsev †gvRvi? cÖvqB AvOzj w`‡q eviv›`vi wcjv‡ii Mv‡q ïK‡bv jZvi †d‡j hvIqv AuvKveuvKv ev`vwg `vM¸‡jv Avwg AbymiY KiZvg| ZL‡bv eviv›`vq wcjv‡ii cv‡k `uvwo‡q ZvB KiwQjvg| wm‡g›U w`‡q euvav‡bv we¯ÍZ … D‡VvbUvi w`‡K †PvL †Mj ZLb| evwoi QvqvUv D‡Vv‡bi cÖ_g A‡a©K `Lj K‡i wb‡q‡Q| QvqvUv Av‡iKUz G‡Mv‡jB ïK‡bv Kz‡qvZjv‡K Qu‡y q †`‡e| Avi Nwo‡Z ZLb evR‡e †gvUvgywU mv‡o PviUv| GB RvbvUv Avgvi eûw`‡bi M‡elYvi dj| kxZKvj G‡j M‡elYvUv ¯’wMZ _vKZ| KviY m~‡h©i m‡½ †`Š‡o cviZvg bv| Avwg †`Lvi Av‡MB KLb †hb Avgv‡`i Kz‡qvZjv, D‡Vv‡bi gvSeivei cuvwPj‡Nulv wew”Qbœ ivbœvNi, ivbœvN‡ii Xvjy Qv‡`i Ic‡ii wkg wKsev jvD‡qi jKj‡K WMv, wm‡g›U-euvav‡bv D‡Vvb Avi †mB D‡Vv‡bi gvSLv‡b wm‡g‡›Ui DuPz U‡e Qov‡bv ZzjmxMvQ, Kvwk n‡j jvj Pv‡q `y-PviUv cvZv †Q‡o w`‡q PzgK y †`Iqv Qvov Avgv‡`i

Rxe‡b hvi Ab¨ †Kv‡bv gvnvZ¥¨ wQj bv, Avgv‡`i j¤^v Uvbv eviv›`vi aea‡e mv`v wcjvi, †jvnvi KviæKvh©gq Kv‡jv †iwjs, PKP‡K jvj wm‡g‡›Ui †Zj‡Z‡j †g‡S, mg¯Í wKQy AÜKv‡ii M‡f© P‡j †hZ| eviv›`vq `uvwo‡q fvejvg, GKUz c‡i mwZ¨ ZvB hv‡e, bZzb evwo‡Z †cuŠ‡Q wRwbmcÎ mvRv‡bvi h‡_ó mgq cve bv, ZvB hvIqv `iKvi| wKš‘ †h-welqUv wb‡q †Kv_vI hvIqvi gy‡L mvivRxeb fz‡MwQ, G‡KK mg‡q ivM n‡Zv, weiw³ wb‡qB w`‡bi ci w`b evwo †_‡K †e‡iv‡Z n‡Zv, †mB NUbvUv †`L‡Z cvw”Q bv †Kb? gv Z‡e †Kv_vq? D‡Vv‡bi Avbv‡PKvbv‡P, ivbœvNi †cwi‡q djdjvwii MvQMvQvwji cv‡qi Kv‡Qi k¨vIjvaiv RvqMv¸‡jv‡Z †PvL eywj‡q wbjvg| gv †Kv_vI †bB| GB mg‡q gv‡qi Avgv‡K ZvMv`v †`Iqvi K_v| A_P wbðzc evwoUvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q LvwbKUv LUKv jvMj| †Kv_vI hve ej‡jB gv AvavNÈv Av‡M ˆZwi n‡q eviv›`vq `uvwo‡q nuvKWvK ïiæ K‡i †`b| Avi mwZ¨B hw` †mB mg‡q Avwg hvIqvi Rb¨ cÖ¯Z ‘ bv nB Z‡e †`wi n‡q hv‡e fve‡Z-fve‡Z kxZKv‡jI gv‡qi Nvg QyU‡e| Zvici Zvi gv_v Nyi‡e, ewgewg jvM‡e| Zvi K_vg‡Zv mg‡q jvwd‡q †ewi‡q †h‡Z cvi‡jB Avi †Kv‡bv mgm¨v †bB| ZvB Avgv‡KI Av‡Mfv‡M ˆZwi n‡Z nq, †m Wv³v‡ii Kv‡QB †nvK, †nvK bv evRvi ev †Kv‡bv AvZ¥x‡qi evmv, GgbwK †hLv‡b hvIqvi wbw`©ó †Kv‡bv mgq †bB, †mLv‡bI| wKš‘ †mw`b †Kb Rvwb bv, †e‡iv‡bvi mgq †c‡iv‡jI ¯Íä evwoUvq gv‡qi Aw¯ÍZ¡ Rvbvb †`Iqvi g‡Zv wKQy †`L‡Z †cjvg bv| †`vZjvq mvwieuvav PviUv Ni Luv-Luv Ki‡Q| c`©v¸‡jv Ly‡j †bIqvq `vevi Q‡Ki g‡Zv mv`vKv‡jv †g‡S‡Z cwðg †_‡K Avmv †iv‡`i Sj‡K †Kv‡bv-†Kv‡bv eM©‡ÿÎ Sj‡m hv‡”Q| †mw`‡K ZvwK‡q _vK‡j mv`v eM©‡ÿθ‡jv †PvL auvwa‡q w`‡jv| gv cÖwZw`b `uvwo‡q †_‡K we¯ÍZ … †g‡S¸‡jv gywQ‡q wb‡Zb, gyQ‡Z-gyQ‡Z mv`v eM©‡ÿθ‡jv Avqbv n‡q †hZ, ZvKv‡jB kixi-gyL| gv nq‡Zv wbPZjvq| wmuwoi w`‡K G‡Mv‡Z wM‡q eviv›`vi jvj †g‡S gvwo‡q hvw”Qjvg| †cQ‡b ZvwK‡q g‡b n‡jv, Avi wK Ic‡i Avme? cÖ‡qvRb †bB nq‡Zv| wbP †_‡K gv‡K wb‡qB iIbv †`e| wmuwoi gy‡L ZvB _g‡K `uvwo‡q _vKjvg K‡qK gynZ ~ |© wmuwoi †`qvjUvq †bvbv a‡i‡Q A‡bK eQi| cøv÷vi L‡m c‡o‡Q GLv‡bILv‡b| Avi †mme RvqMvq el©vKv‡j k¨vIjv R‡b¥ Kv‡c©‡Ui g‡Zv n‡q hvq| A™¢Z z GK wkí g‡b nq ZLb Avgvi Kv‡Q IB †`qvjUv‡K; †hb †`qvjRy‡o wewfbœ †`‡ki g¨vc, mey‡R meyR! †mB k¨vIjvmeyR Kv‡c©‡Ui big kix‡i gv‡S-gv‡S Avwg nvZ eywj‡q wbZvg| †mw`b †Zgb Kv‡c©U wQj bv, Zey nvZ ivLjvg| ï‡bwQ evev‡K IciZjvi †kvevi Ni †_‡K a‡i wb‡q hvIqvi mg‡q wZwb GB †`qvj AuvK‡o ai‡Z Pvw”Q‡jb Avi Zvi nvZ †KejB wcQ‡j hvw”Qj gm„Y †`qv‡j| cÖvq EbwÎk eQi c‡i †`qv‡ji Mv‡q Avwg evevi †mB ¯úk©Uv LuR y wQjvg| †Kgb GKUv Avd‡mvm n‡jv, G-evwo‡ZB wQjvg GZUv Kvj, A_P Av‡M †Kb GLvbUv Gfv‡e ¯úk© Kwiwb Avwg! evev nvwi‡q †M‡Q †mB K‡e, evevi MíB Avgvi Kv‡Q wPiKvj, A_P †mw`b †hb g‡b n‡jv nVvr K‡i evevi ¯úk©Uv nvwi‡q hvIqvi Dcµg n‡q‡Q| †Pv‡L cvwb P‡j G‡jv| evev nvwi‡q hvIqvq Avgvi Rxe‡b wcZvi †Kv‡bv f‚wgKv wQj bv| Z‡e wQ‡jb `v`y| hZevi Zvi e‡j hvIqv M‡í evevi PwiÎUv mvg‡b AvmZ, ZviI †PvL wf‡R †hZ| kx‡Zi mKv‡j jvj eviv›`vq †iv‡`i †Quvqv jvM‡j wZwb Avgv‡K †Kv‡j wb‡q †PŠwKi Ic‡i em‡Zb| †h‡nZz GKB Mí eûevi ejv n‡q‡Q, ï‡b-ï‡b gyL¯’I n‡q †M‡Q, †m-Kvi‡YB nq‡Zv wZwb Mí ïiæ Ki‡Zb gvSLvb †_‡K; GB †hgb, †Kv‡bvw`b nq‡Zv ej‡jb, ÔeySwj †i, `v`vfvB, Avwg cv‡ki N‡iB wQjvg, †`Š‡o G‡m ejjvg, †Zvgiv †Kv_vq wb‡q hv”Q Avgvi †Q‡j‡K? Iiv wKQy ejj bv| hLb Avwg †Zvi evev‡K †U‡b aijvg, ZvivI Av‡iKw`K †_‡K Uvbv ïiæ Kij| AZR‡bi m‡½ cvijvg bv †i| Zey wPrKvi Ki‡Z jvMjvg, †Kb wb‡q hv”Q? Kx K‡i‡Q I?

57


Avgvi †PuPv‡gwP‡Z GKRb DËi w`‡jv, ejj, K¨vjv, jB‡ZwQ †Zv Kx nB‡Q? GÆz GBUv-IBUv wRMvBgy Avi Kx| Avg‡Mv KB‡Q, Avgiv jqv hvB‡ZwQ, nB‡Q? evZwPZ k¨vl nB‡jB evwoZ w`qv hvgy, AZ wPšÍvi wKQy bvB°v|Õ Gici `v`y `xN©wbk¦vm †dj‡Zb| LvwbKÿY Pzc K‡i †_‡K nv‡Zi Dj‡Uvwc‡V †PvL gy‡Q wb‡Zb| Zvici nZvkvi Mwnb †_‡K LvwbKUv Ab¨iKg Kɯ^‡i ej‡Zb, ÔAvgiv w`‡bi ci w`b A‡cÿv Kijvg, GB eywS wRÁvmvev` †kl n‡e| iv¯Ív w`‡q cÖwZw`b cvK Avwg© P‡j hvIqvi ciciB GLv‡b-ILv‡b jvk c‡o _vKvi Lei †cZvg| Avwg †`L‡Z †hZvg, Avgvi †Q‡ji gyL bv †`L‡Z †c‡q Lywkg‡b evwo wdiZvg| Av‡kcv‡ki KZ gvbyl ZLb MÖv‡gi evwo‡Z P‡j †M‡Q, †KD P‡j †M‡Q KjKvZvq| Avgiv †Kv_vI hvIqvi K_v fvwewb, Avgiv fvweBwb evwo †_‡K Avgvi ZiZvRv †Q‡jUv‡K Iiv GBfv‡e...|Õ †mw`b gv‡K wb‡q Kzwgjøvq Zvi evevi evwo hvIqvi K_v wQj evevi| G‡K †Zv hy‡×i Wvgv‡Wvj, Zvi Ici gv‡qi †c‡Ui g‡a¨ Avwg| evevi evwo‡Z Zv‡K †i‡L AvmvUvB evev Avi `v`yi Kv‡Q mnR g‡b n‡qwQj| gv Zvi fvB‡qi m‡½ †ewi‡q wM‡qwQ‡jb Av‡MB| K‡jR †_‡K evwo wd‡i evevi †Kv‡bv Kvi‡Y †`wi nw”Qj, IB mvgvb¨ †`wiB Kvj n‡jv Zvi| gv †Zv †Uª‡b D‡V †M‡jb Avi evev‡K P‡j †h‡Z n‡jv ARvbvi D‡Ï‡k| evevi jvk hLb Av‡iv A‡bK jv‡ki m‡½ GKUv Rjv RvqMvq c‡o _vK‡Z †`Lv †Mj, `v`y Lei †c‡jb| cÖwZevi GLv‡b-ILv‡b jvk †`L‡Z hvIqvi g‡Zv †mw`bI `yiæ`yiæ ey‡K wZwb †mLv‡b Dcw¯’Z n‡qwQ‡jb| Z‡e g‡b wek¦vm wQj †h, cÖwZev‡ii g‡ZvB †`L‡eb Ab¨ gyL| wKš‘ bv, †mw`b n‡b¨ n‡q Lu‡y R †div gyLwU Dcw¯’Z wQj †mLv‡b, Mv`vMvw` K‡i ivLv cÖvq Dj½ kixi¸‡jvi g‡a¨B wg‡j †Mj †Q‡ji jvk| †Q‡ji g„Z¨z i K_v fz‡j wM‡q wZwb evievi Dcw¯’Z mevi Kv‡Q GKUvB cÖkœ KiwQ‡jb, ÔAv”Qv, †g‡iB hw` †dj‡e, Z‡e Zvi Av‡M GZ AZ¨vPvi K‡i‡Q †Kb?Õ ZLb †mLv‡b gvbylRb `v`yi cÖ‡kœi DËi w`‡qwQj wK-bv Rvwb bv, wKš‘ M‡íi GB RvqMvq G‡m wZwb eivei Db¥‡Ëi g‡Zv ej‡Z _vK‡Zb, ÔAvgvi †Q‡ji †_uZjv‡bv AvOzj, Avgvi †Q‡ji cv‡qi nvoUv fvOv, GKUv †PvL cÖvq †ewi‡q G‡m‡Q, Nv‡oi gvsm‡cwk Dcov‡bv... Kx `iKvi wQj, `v`vfvB, ej †Zv? ¸wj K‡iB hLb gviwe, ZLb †Kb GZ wbh©vZb?Õ jvj eviv›`vi GKgvÎ Avmeve, `v`yi †PŠwKUvi w`‡K Avwg AcjK ZvwK‡q _vKjvg| cyi‡bv n‡Z-n‡Z P‡Kv‡j‡Ui g‡Zv is a‡i‡Q| IUv Avgiv m‡½ wbw”Q bv| Avgv‡`i bZzb †QvÆ evmvq GZ wRwb‡mi RvqMv n‡e bv| ZvB hv wKQy Lye `iKvwi bq Zv Avgiv Abvqv‡m †d‡j P‡j hve| †d‡j hve Zvi m‡½ Rwo‡q _vKv mg¯Í `„k¨| GB †hgb GL‡bv ZvKv‡j †`Lv hvq, `v`yi g„Z¨z i c‡i IB †PŠwK‡ZB Zvi g„Z‡`nUv †kvqv‡bv wQj| cvovi eqmx †jvKRb †PŠwKUv wN‡i `uvwo‡qwQ‡jb| A‡bK mv`v cvÄvwe, wewPÎ i‡Oi cv_‡ii Zmwe nv‡Zi gy‡Vvq Sz‡j-Sz‡j GwM‡q hvw”Qj, nvnvKv‡i Pviw`‡Ki evZvm fvix n‡q D‡VwQj, ÔAvnv, e‡ov fv‡jv †jvK wQ‡jb!Õ Ô†mB mvZPwjøk †_‡K wPwb Zv‡K, GKm‡½B †Zv Gjvg Gcv‡i| cy‡Îi g„Z¨z ‡kvK mn¨ Ki‡Z n‡qwQj †ePviv‡K|Õ †mB mg¯Í UzK‡iv-UzK‡iv K_v Kv‡bi cv‡k e„ËvKv‡i Nyi‡Z-Nyi‡Z Avgvi bv‡K †hb AvMievwZi M‡Üi †Nvi jvMj| †bkvi g‡Zv †mB M‡Ü Avgvi gv_v Ny‡i DVwQj `v`yi g„Z¨z i w`‡b| †QvƇejvi g‡Zv gv‡qi AuvPj a‡i ej‡Z B‡”Q KiwQj, ÔGB MÜ Avgvi fv‡jv jv‡M bv, gv, wbk¦vm eÜ n‡q Av‡m...|Õ ewjwb Avwg, †Kej gv‡qi cv‡k wM‡q `uvwo‡qwQ| ej‡jI gv nq‡Zv Avgvi K_v ïb‡Z †c‡Zb bv| eRªvn‡Zi g‡Zv `v`yi cv‡qi Kv‡Q †PŠwKi †KvYUv‡Z nvZ †i‡L †g‡S‡Z e‡m wQ‡jb wZwb| gv‡qi †Pv‡L †Kv‡bv fvlv wQj bv| Avwg Kv‡Q wM‡q `uvov‡bv‡Z wZwb wbwe©Kvifv‡e GKevi Avgvi w`‡K ZvwK‡qwQ‡jb| g‡b nw”Qj gv †hb Avgv‡K †P‡bb bv| kãnxb AkÖæ

58

Movw”Qj Zvi Mvj n‡q Mjvq| Avwg Rvwb bv evevi AšÍav© ‡bi mg‡q gv‡qi gyL †Kgb n‡qwQj, nq‡Zv GgbB A_ev nq‡Zv GZUv KiæY bq| KviY gv †Zv evev‡K a‡i wb‡q hvIqvi K_v Rvb‡ZB cv‡ibwb| DrKÉvq wQ‡jb wbðq, †Uªb †Q‡o w`‡q‡Q, gvbylUv †cuŠ‡Qwb| ïay-ïay A‡bK wX‡jwg Ki‡Z cv‡i †jvKUv, GB †f‡e wei³I n‡qwQ‡jb nq‡Zv| evevi jvk cvIqvi Lei hLb wPwV‡Z gv‡qi Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q‡Q, †`k ZLb ¯^vaxb| ZvB LeiUv hvIqvi c‡i †KD gv‡K †VKv‡Z cv‡iwb; gv‡qi evwo‡Z mšÍvb Rb¥v‡bvi B‡”QB D‡e wM‡qwQj Zvi| Avgv‡K AvU gv‡mi †c‡U wb‡q gv `v`yi Kv‡Q wd‡i G‡mwQ‡jb| evwoi mvg‡bi kvb-euvav‡bv wmuwoi KvQvKvwQ `v`y‡K †c‡q †mLv‡bB wekvj †cU wb‡q gv jywU‡q c‡owQ‡jb| `v`yi cv Rwo‡q a‡i e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔI †mw`b †Kb GZ †`wi Kij, evev? evwo †_‡K Av‡iKUz Av‡M †ewi‡q †M‡j Kx n‡Zv? Av‡M-Av‡M †e‡iv‡jB †Zv AvR I †eu‡P _vKZ, evev!Õ Zvici †_‡K gv G-evwo‡Z `v`yi m‡½ †_‡K †M‡jb| gv †divi wKQyw`‡bi g‡a¨B Rb¥ n‡jv Avgvi, G-evwo‡ZB| gv‡qi AwZwi³ gvbwmK Pv‡ci Kvi‡Y ¯^vfvweK mg‡qi †ek wKQy Av‡MB Avwg Zvi †Kv‡j P‡j Gjvg| mewKQy wVKB wQj wKš‘ †h-†Kv‡bv RvqMvq †e‡iv‡bvi AšÍZ AvavNÈv Av‡M evwoi evB‡i wM‡q cvqPvwi Kivi †iv‡M †c‡q emj gv‡K| †QvUKv‡j mgqÁvb wQj bv, ZvB ZLb gv ej‡jB jvwd‡q †ewi‡qwQ Avi gv‡qi Aw¯’iZvi gv‡bI eywSwb| wKš‘ GKUz eo njvg, nv‡Z Kv‡jv i‡Oi wWwRUvj K¨vwmI Nwo DVj, Nwo †`‡L gv‡K Aw¯’i n‡Z gvbv KiZvg| Avi Zv‡Z RyUZ agK| nq‡Zv GKUv we‡qi Abyôv‡b hve Avgiv, mvaviY e¨vcvi, Kv‡W© †jLv _vK‡e mܨv mvZUv| wKš‘ Avm‡j wK mܨv mvZUvq †KD we‡qevwo hvq? hviv `vIqvZ †`q ZvivI †n‡j`y‡j AvUUvi w`‡K Avm‡Z _v‡K, Avi ZLb wKbv †`wi K‡i `vIqv‡Z hvIqv, †`wi K‡i LvIqvUvB w`bw`b d¨vk‡b cwiYZ n‡”Q| wKš‘ gv‡K †K †evSv‡e †mme K_v? †miKg Abyôv‡b eivei Avwg Avi gv wM‡q e‡m-e‡m †W‡Kv‡iUi‡`i †kl gyn‡~ Z©i mvR‡MvR Avi jvBwUs‡qi KvR mvi‡Z †`LZvg| Avi Avgiv hvIqvi GK-†`o NÈv c‡i G‡K-G‡K †jvKR‡bi Avmv ïiæ n‡Zv| GKBfv‡e evm÷¨v‡Û, †÷k‡b, Wv³viLvbvq, meLv‡b GK-†`o NÈv e‡m _vKv Avgvi Kcv‡j †jLv n‡q †Mj| me‡P‡q ivM n‡Zv ¯‹‡z j wM‡q e‡m _vK‡Z| `dZwi‡`i m‡½ Mí Avi K¬vmiæ‡g Av‡Mi w`‡bi ay‡jv Svov †`Lv Qvov wKQy Kivi _vKZ bv| Z‡e nu¨v, K‡j‡R IVv bvMv` eyw×gvb n‡q †Mjvg, evowZ mgqUzKz iv¯Ívq AvÇv †g‡i hvIqv hvq, ïay gv‡qi PvIqvg‡Zv evwo †_‡K †ewi‡q †M‡jB n‡jv| †Kej ZvovZvwo †e‡iv‡bv bv, gv‡qi Av‡iv A‡bK wb‡lavÁv wQj Avgvi Ici| evev‡K hviv a‡i wb‡q wM‡qwQj Zviv eÜz cwiP‡q evwo‡Z †Xv‡K, `‡ji g‡a¨ evevi GKRb cvov‡Zv eÜzI wQj e‡U| Avi †m-Kvi‡Y Avwg K‡jR †cwi‡q †M‡jI Avgvi †Kv‡bv eÜz evwo‡Z G‡j gv AvZw¼Z n‡q †h‡Zb| †h AvmZ gv‡qi AvPi‡Y †m eySZ †h, ûU K‡i G‡m c‡o wKQy GKUv Sv‡gjv evwa‡q †d‡j‡Q| w`‡bi ci w`b weeªZ n‡Z n‡Zv Avgv‡K| ¯‹‡z j _vK‡Z eÜziv Avm‡Z PvB‡j Avwg bvbvb K_v w`‡q KvUv‡bvi †Póv KiZvg| ZvB Avgvi w`b KvUZ †cQ‡bi d‡ji evMv‡b, †cqvivMv‡Qi †Kv‡bv Wvj †_‡K Avgvi GKUv cv Sz‡j _vKZ, gv ivbœvNi †_‡K †mB cv‡qi w`‡K bRi ivL‡Zb| Zv bv n‡j Avgvi `yciy †_‡K X‡j hvIqv we‡Kj¸‡jv KvUZ Qv‡`, Nywo Iov‡bvi e¨¯ÍZvq wKsev nv K‡i AvKv‡ki GKw`K †_‡K Av‡iKw`‡K †g‡Ni Qy‡U hvIqv †`Lvq| KL‡bv Kzqvkvq wN‡i AvmZ PvicvkUv, DuPz wewìs wQj bv Av‡kcv‡k, g‡b n‡Zv ïay †auvqv Avi †auvqv, Pviw`K †_‡K me †hb Avgv‡K jÿ¨ K‡i GwM‡q Avm‡Q| Avwg f‡q †QvÆ n‡q †hZvg, kx‡Z KzK u ‡o †hZvg, jvUvB †d‡j Ôgv gvÕ †W‡K j¤^v wmuwo †e‡q `yg`vg †b‡g AvmZvg, WvK ï‡b gv †`Š‡o G‡m GB wmuwo‡ZB Avgv‡K Rvc‡U ai‡Zb| Avwg AevK n‡q fveZvg, GB wn‡gi g‡a¨I gv‡qi kixi


memgq Ggb Mig †Kb? †Kb Rwo‡q ai‡jB Nyg G‡m hvq! VvUvixevRv‡i †`vKv‡bi e¨emv Avi Avwg, GB wb‡qB wQj `v`yi c„w_ex| IciZjvi jvj eviv›`vi †PŠwK‡Z e‡m `v`y †Kej MíB ej‡Zb bv, KL‡bv nuvK w`‡q DV‡Zb, Ônvi‡gvwbqvg Avi ZejvUv wb‡q Avq †`wL Ñ|Õ fxlY Awb”Qvq Avwg ax‡i-ax‡i G‡MvZvg, gv‡qi nv‡Z Kiv nvwZ-†Nvov c¨vUv‡b©i bKwkKuv_vi XvKbv mwi‡q isPUv cÖvPxb nvi‡gvwbqvgUv †ei K‡i AvbZvg| nvi‡gvwbqv‡gi Ic‡ii KvPUv Avgvi nv‡Zi Pv‡c K‡e †hb AvovAvwo †d‡U wM‡qwQj, Avi KL‡bv Zv e`jv‡bv nqwb| MvbI nqwb Avgvi| n‡e †h bv, gv Zv Rvb‡Zb wKš‘ `v`yi AeyS gb, Zejvq †ZnvB w`‡q `v`y e‡j DV‡Zb, Ô†kv‡bv eÜz †kv‡bv, cÖvYnxb GB kn‡ii BwZK_v, ai †Zv †`wL ÑÕ Avwg Pig Abxnv wb‡q h‡š¿i g‡Zv Av‡`k cvj‡bi `v‡q MvbUv †kl Ki‡j `v`y D”Q¡wmZ cÖksmv Ki‡Zb, Ô†kvb, †Zvi MjvUv bv eo n‡j n‡e †ngšÍ gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi g‡Zv| ïay mvgvb¨ NlvgvRv, †m Avwg K‡i †b‡evLb|Õ g‡b-g‡b fveZvg, Avwg †m-my‡hvM w`‡j †Zv! Avwg †Kv‡bvw`b `v`y‡K ewjwb †h, Avgvi Mv‡b gb †bB, fv‡jv jv‡M bv Gme Avgvi| ejv bv ejvi wØavq w`b¸‡jv †K‡U †hZ| Avevi mܨv bvgZ Avi `v`y ej‡Zb, ÔKB †i, ¯^vaxb, nvi‡gvwbqvgUv wb‡q Avq †`wL| Avi †kvb, Zejvi mv‡_ Wªqvi †_‡K †evwiK cvDWvi Avi w÷‡ji nvZzwoUv Avwbm|Õ Mv‡b Avgvi c‡iI Avi gb jv‡Mwb| wKš‘ GB wmuwoUvi GB gv_vq `uvov‡j cv‡ki evwoi GKwU †g‡q‡K Mjv mva‡Z ïbZvg| Mjv mvavi †mk‡bi c‡i cÖvqB †m ÔP‡j hvq gwi nvq em‡šÍi w`b...Õ MvB‡Z _vKZ| wK el©v wK emšÍ, Zvi ÔP‡j hvq gwi nvq em‡šÍi w`bÕ Mvb Avi dzivZ bv| wmuwoi †iwjs‡q _uZ y wbUv †VwK‡q Avwg gb Lvivc K‡i ïb‡Z _vKZvg| †mB GKeviB Mvb Avgv‡K Nv‡qj K‡iwQj nq‡Zv| Kx P‡j hvq, †Kb P‡j hvq, Avgvi Rvbv wQj bv ev †evSv nqwb| ïay GKiK‡gi Pig we‡”Q`-ivwMYx †hb mg¯Í c„w_exUv f‡i w`Z †mB my‡ii m‡½-m‡½| mewKQy weeY© jvMZ| Kx †hb †bB, Kx †hb nvwi‡q hv‡”Q, GB fvebv Avgvi wPšÍvq-†PZbvq fi KiZ| wd‡i bv cvIqvi KwíZ K‡ó Avwg k³ K‡i †iwjsUv †P‡c aiZvg Avgvi gvSvwi AvK…wZi gywV‡Z| AvR‡Ki cÖgvY AvK…wZi gywV w`‡q †mB GKB †iwjsUv‡K †P‡c †kl ch©šÍ wb‡PB †b‡g Gjvg| Ic‡ii eviv›`vi wVK wb‡P GKB iK‡gi Av‡iKUv eviv›`v| GLv‡b `v`yi BwR‡Pqvi| †PqviUv GKUz †ewkB j¤^v| `v`y wQ‡jb Bqv j¤^v †nvgiv-†Pvgiv gvbyl| GZ j¤^v †Pqv‡ii RvqMv Avgv‡`i IB †QvÆ A¨vcvU©‡g‡›U n‡e bv| GB †Pqv‡ii PIov nvZ‡j mKv‡ji Pv‡qi gMUv _vKZ| gv gMUv †mLv‡b †i‡L wb‡Ri Kvc wb‡q D‡Vv‡bi w`‡K X‡j-cov wmuwo‡Z em‡Zb, eviv›`vi evwK †PqviUv‡K D‡cÿv K‡i| `v`y Avm‡Zb †ccvi nv‡Z wb‡q| Zvici BwR‡Pqv‡i Mv Gwj‡q w`‡q †nWjvBb a‡i ïiæ Ki‡Zb eivei, ÔeyS‡j, eDgv, dR‡j †jvnvbx g‡i †Mj|Õ ZLb b‡f¤^i Avm‡Z bv Avm‡ZB kxZ-kxZ AvenvIqv| gv Mv‡qi nvjKv Kvwk¥wi kvj †U‡b wb‡q †auvqv-IVv Pv †_‡K gyL mwi‡q ej‡jb, Ô†m Kx, evev! Avgiv wK Avi hw` wKQy g‡b bv K‡ib †`Le bv?Õ ÔZv Kx K‡i †`L‡e eDgv, †jvKUv †h †bB! wKš‘ G †Zv fvwi Ab¨vq †h, GZ Aí eq‡m GKUv ¸Yx †jvK Uzc K‡i g‡i †Mj, Zzwg †Kv_vq Zvi cwiev‡ii Rb¨ `ytL cÖKvk Ki‡e, Zv bv wb‡Ri mgm¨v wb‡q AvQ|Õ ÔmwZ¨, evev, Avgvi Lye Ab¨vq n‡q †M‡Q| Zv, Gi g‡a¨ hw` wKQy g‡b bv K‡ib Pvwj‡q †bIqvi gZ †KD ˆZwi n‡jv wK?Õ ÔAvevi IB K_vB, eDgv? Av‡i IB †h Av‡Q bv, ms‡KZ bv wK †hb bvg? Z‡e †jvnvbxi g‡Zv Avi n‡e bv, eyS‡j? wKQy g‡b K‡ib Avi bv K‡i‡bi gvSLv‡b GKUv hw` †i‡L †m mgv‡b mevB‡K bvov w`‡q hvw”Qj| G wK PvwÆLvwb K_v? Avnv, Avi †`Lv n‡e bv!Õ

Ô†`L‡jb, evev? AvcwbI wKš‘ †Kej wb‡RiB K_v...|Õ gv‡qi Avi `v`yi eÜzZc ¡ Y~ © Avjvc ï‡b-ï‡b Avgvi mKvj n‡Zv| mKvj¸‡jv GB eviv›`vq AuvKv Av‡Q| †gvUvgywU GKB iK‡gi Qwe, GKUz Gw`K-†mw`K| †Kv‡bv-†Kv‡bvw`b Zv‡`i Avjv‡c †h SuvS _vKZ bv, Zv bq| †mevi Avgvi Lye R¡i n‡jv| `v`yi Wv³vieÜz †QvU-†QvU wkwk f‡i wPwbi `vbv w`‡q R¡i Kgv‡Z cvi‡jb bv| †k‡l Amnv‡qi g‡Zv `v`y‡K ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi we`¨v †kl, Zzwg eis Iqvixi bvgKiv Wv³vi dRjyj mv‡n‡ei Kv‡Q wb‡q hvI I‡K|Õ `v`y PzcPvc gv_v bvo‡jb| Z‡e Wv³vi wb‡Ri gv_vi Uv‡K nvZ †evjv‡Z-†evjv‡Z †ewi‡q hvIqvi m‡½-m‡½ gv Qy‡U G‡jb, ÔcuvPw`b a‡i R¡‡i fzwM‡q Zvici wKbv Dwb Reve w`‡”Qb, evev? GZw`b c‡i Zvi g‡b n‡jv †h dRjyj Wv³vi bvgKiv?Õ ÔAv‡i evev †ePviv †Póv †Zv K‡i‡Q, cÖwZw`b `yÕ‡ejv G‡m...Õ ÔAvwg Avcbv‡K Av‡MB e‡jwQjvg evev, wPwbi `vbv w`‡q GB D_vjcvZvj R¡i fv‡jv n‡e bv| wKš‘ Avcwb ïb‡jb bv|Õ Ô†kv‡bv, eDgv, †nvwgIc¨vw_ n‡jv wM‡q me wPwKrmvi evc|Õ Ôevc‡K w`‡q †h Pj‡Q bv, †m †Zv eyS‡ZB cvi‡Qb, Gev‡i Pjyb †Q‡ji Kv‡Q wb‡q hvB|Õ Ô†m wVK Av‡Q, wKš‘ `yw`b cici †h GiKg R¡i Avm‡Q, GiKg RwUj e¨vcvi †Zv Avgvi aviYv †nvwgIc¨vw_‡ZB †m‡i DVZ ÑÕ Ôevev, Avcbvi eÜz eo †nvwgIc¨v_ Wv³vi, wZwb Reve w`‡q P‡j †M‡Qb| Avi Avcwb GL‡bv GB fvebv wb‡qB c‡o _vK‡eb? †Q‡jUv µwbK R¡‡i g‡i hv‡e †h!Õ Ô†mB †Zv, Avgv‡`i es‡k †Zv Kv‡iv GiKg ev‡i-ev‡i R¡i Avmvi e¨vivg †`wLwb!Õ ÔZ‡e wK Avcwb ej‡Z PvB‡Qb GB e¨vivg Avgvi esk †_‡K G‡jv? Avgvi †Kv‡bvw`b R¡i n‡Z †`‡L‡Qb, evev?Õ N‡i ï‡q Dn&-Avn& Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z Avgvi †evSvi evwK _v‡Kwb †h Gev‡i wPwbi `vbvi gRv †kl| †evZ‡j-†evZ‡j wmivc Avm‡e| Avwg dw›` AuvUjvg KLb †mB wmivc Kx‡m Rwg‡q ivLe Avi my‡hvM ey‡S d‡ji evMv‡bi w`‡K KLb iIbv †`e †mUv †dj‡Z| evMvb Qvov Avgv‡`i GB evwo‡Z gvwU †bB| Z‡e my‡hvM ey‡S wm‡g‡›Ui D‡Vv‡bi †kl cÖv‡šÍ †Kv‡bviK‡g †cuŠ‡QB †X‡j w`jvg Ag„‡Zi evwU Dcyo K‡i| wKš‘ gv †h Kx, hLb gv †bB ZL‡bv m‡½ _vK‡Zb| gvwU‡Z ï‡l †bIqvi ciI jvj‡P `vM †`‡L gv Dcyo n‡q gvwUUv ïuK‡jb| Avi Zvici wVKB a‡i †dj‡jb i³e‡Y©i `yMÜ © gq wmivc †djvi NUbv| iv‡M †PvL eo K‡i eviv›`vi w`‡K wdi‡ZB `v`yi BwR‡Pqv‡i ï‡q _vKv Avgvi m‡½ †PvLv‡PvwL| kix‡i AZ †ZRI †bB †h, cÖvq †kvqv Ae¯’v †_‡K D‡V †`Šo jvMve| nv‡Zbv‡Z aiv covi c‡i gv‡qi Kej †_‡K `v`yB iÿv Ki‡jb, AvgZv-AvgZv K‡i ej‡jb, ÔAvm‡j G †Zv †`LwQ IlyaB Lvq bv! †Zvgvi es‡k µwbK R¡‡ii †`vl †bB, eDgv, GUzKz wbwðZ nIqv †Mj|Õ gv nq‡Zv iv‡M K_v nvwi‡q †dj‡Zb `v`yi GB mg¯Í Dcmsnv‡ii ci| `v`yB evwKUzKz †hvM Ki‡Zb, ÔGLb †_‡K Gi welqUv AvwgB †`Le|Õ `v`y mwZ¨B †`L‡Zb Avgv‡K| ivZ-weiv‡Z evievi D‡V Avgvi Mv‡q K¤^j †U‡b w`‡Zb| memgq Kv‡Q-Kv‡Q _vK‡Zb| kwbev‡i mܨvi c‡i emvi N‡i `v`yi eÜzevÜeiv AvmZ| ivZ cÖvq ev‡ivUv ch©šÍ PjZ Zejv, mv‡iw½ Avi nvi‡gvwbqv‡gi evRbvi m‡½ `v`yi `ivR Mjvi Mvb| R¡i G‡j Avgv‡K K¤^j w`‡q †cuvUjv K‡i †Kv‡j ewm‡qB `v`y Mvb MvB‡Z _vK‡Zb| Amy¯’ Avgvi nv‡ZB nq‡Zv gw›`iv awi‡q w`‡Zb `v`y| KxZ©‡bi m‡½ Zvj a‡i-a‡i Avwg UzsUvs evwR‡q PjZvg| wbPZjvi eviv›`vi †kl cÖv‡šÍ emvi Ni| †mw`‡K ZvKv‡ZB Avwg †hb gw›`ivi kã ïb‡Z †cjvg| Avi `iRvq `uvov‡ZB `v`yi Kɯ^i, Ô†Zvgvi my‡ii aviv S‡i †h_vq Zvwi cv‡i, †`‡e wK †Mv evmv Avgvq GKwU av‡iÕ... gw›`iv evR‡Q, Zejv evR‡Q,

59


`v`yi Mjvq myi Qj‡K DV‡Q, RgRgvU cwi‡ek Avgvi Pviw`‡K †Q‡q †Mj| IB †Zv ILv‡b, ILv‡b wm‡éi Kvc‡o XvKv wWfv‡bi Ic‡i nvi‡gvwbqvg evR‡Q... Avwg Qy‡U wM‡q IB N‡i XzKjvg| wKQyB †bB †mLv‡b| `vevi Q‡Ki g‡Zv mv`vKv‡jv †g‡S G-gv_v I-gv_v SKSK Ki‡Q| Uªv‡K DwV‡q wb‡q hvIqv emvi †Pqvi¸‡jvi PviUv K‡i cv Avi eB‡qi †kj‡di j¤^v-j¤^v nj‡` `vM c‡o Av‡Q †Kej RvqMvq-RvqMvq| gv_vi †fZ‡i `v`yi Kɯ^i Avi Avm‡ii nBnjøv ûU K‡i eÜ n‡q †Mj| Avi m‡½-m‡½B Av‡Mi me gaygq ¯§„wZ nvwi‡q GB Kw`b Av‡M IB N‡i N‡U hvIqv wekÖx NUbvUv mvg‡b G‡jv †Kej; M¤¢xi GKwU Mjv ej‡Q, ÔUvKv Avgiv m‡½ G‡bwQ| mB K‡i wb‡q wbb| bB‡j iv¯ÍvNv‡Ui hv Ae¯’v, wK”Qy ejv hvq bv evwo †_‡K †e‡iv‡j Kx bv Kx n‡q hvq!Õ evev gviv hvIqvi c‡i Avgv‡`i msmv‡i û-û evZvm †j‡M _vKZ| Avi `v`yi AeZ©gv‡b †hb wbk¦vm †bIqviI evZvm iBj bv| Avwg Avi gv ¯Íä n‡q _vKjvg w`bK‡qK| wKš‘ KZ Avi cviv hvq, gv †M‡jb †`vKv‡bi wnmve-wbKvk †`L‡Z| wPiKvj N‡i _vKv gv‡K GKUzI †egvbvb jvMj bv †Kb †hb| gv Ggbfv‡e ïiæ Ki‡jb †hb GB Kv‡Ri g‡a¨B wQ‡jb wZwb| Z‡e IB, Zvi e‡`Šj‡Z †`vKv‡bi Kg©Pvix‡`i NÈvLv‡bK Av‡M Av‡M Avm‡Z n‡Zv| bvn‡j wZwb wM‡q wbRnv‡Z †`vKv‡bi Zvjv Lyj‡Zb| w`‡bi ci w`b GB e¨vcvi NU‡Z _vK‡j Kg©Pvixiv wbðq j¾v †c‡qwQj| †hw`b hvIqvi `iKvi †bB, †mw`bI gv Zvovû‡ov K‡i †`vKv‡bi Rb¨ †ewi‡q †h‡Zb| Z‡e evwoUv‡K cÖvYgq K‡i ivLv `v`yi Abycw¯’wZ Qvov me wgwj‡q Av‡M ev c‡iI Avgiv fv‡jvB wQjvg, Avgv‡`i Dc`ªenxb Rxe‡b IB DU‡Kv †jvK¸‡jv hLb-ZLb nvbv †`Iqvi e¨vcviUv Qvov| Zviv cÖ_g G‡mwQj `v`y †eu‡P _vK‡ZB| GB emvi N‡iB `v`y Zv‡`i mgv`i K‡i ewm‡qwQ‡jb| wZbRb gvbyl, nvjKv Mi‡gI my¨U-UvB civ| Z‡e K_v ejwQ‡jb GKRbB| `v`y Rvb‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb, ÔKx e¨vcvi ejyb †Zv, gv‡b, Avgvi Kv‡Q †Kv‡bv `iKvi?Õ ÔwR Avcbvi Kv‡QB| Z‡e `iKvi AvcbviI|Õ ÔAvgviI? Avðh©, Avgvi †Zv Rvbv †bB!Õ Ôej‡j eyS‡Z cvi‡eb| Avcbvi GLv‡b †Zv RvqMv cÖvq †`o weNv, bv?Õ ÔGB evwo? †`o weNvi mvgvb¨ Kg| wKš‘ †Kb?Õ Ô`viæY RvqMv Avcbvi| cwð‡g iv¯Ív Avi `wÿY w`‡K gvV| Iw`KUv †Zv miKvwi, ZvB wPiKvj G evwoi `wÿY w`K †LvjvB _vK‡e g‡b nq| Gi †P‡q fv‡jv RvqMv G-A‡j Avi n‡Z cv‡i bv|Õ ÔZv‡Z Kx n‡q‡Q?Õ Ô†W‡fjc Kiæb| wb‡RB wb‡Ri evwo wPb‡Z cvi‡eb bv Ggb Gwj‡fkb K‡i †`e| AvwK©‡U± wn‡m‡e Avcwb hvi bvg Ki‡eb Zv‡KB †`Iqv n‡e| Avi jvf †Zv A‡bK n‡eB Avcbvi|Õ Ôwb‡RB wb‡Ri evwo wPb‡Z bv cvi‡j Avi jvf Kx!Õ ÔAvcwb eyS‡Z cvi‡Qb bv| Avgiv wb‡R †_‡K G‡mwQ Avcbvi evwoUv †W‡fjc K‡i w`‡Z| Ggwb‡ZI †`Lyb Ae¯’v KZ Lvivc, cøv÷vi ch©šÍ L‡m co‡Q, gv_vi Dc‡i K‡e †f‡O co‡e †m-†Lqvj Av‡Q Avcbvi?Õ ÔZv †Kb n‡e? †m †Zv †i‡bv‡fU Kiv‡jB n‡q hvq| Avgvi mv‡a¨ Kz‡jvq bv, †m Avjv`v e¨vcvi|Õ ÔAv”Qv, Avcwb wK Gi cwie‡Z© SKS‡K bZzb GKUv evmvq _vK‡Z Pvb bv? wVK GBLv‡bB, GB `wÿY w`‡K a‡ib Avcbvi GKUv †Lvjv eviv›`v _vKj, a‡ib Qq Zjvq, wb‡R hLb _vK‡jb ZLb wb‡P †Kb _vK‡eb, me‡P‡q Ic‡ii Zjv Avcbvi Rb¨ eivÏ n‡e| `wL‡bi evZvm †L‡Z-†L‡Z Avcwb M¨vjvwii g‡Zv eviv›`vq e‡m we‡K‡j IB gv‡V †Q‡j‡`i dzUej †Ljv †`L‡eb, Avi Kx PvB GB eq‡m?Õ

60

ÔwVK e‡j‡Qb, GB eq‡m Avgvi Avm‡j wKQyB PvB bv| G- evwo‡ZB Avgiv wVK AvwQ, fv‡jv AvwQ|Õ ÔAvcwb nq‡Zv e¨vcviUv wVK ai‡Z cvi‡Qb bv| GKwU cqmvI Avcbv‡K LiP Ki‡Z n‡e bv| wWRvBb eyw× K‡i Ki‡Z cvi‡j A¨vcvU©‡g›U GLv‡b A‡bK¸‡jv n‡e wKš‘| hv n‡e Zvi g‡a¨ Avcbvi †dvwU© cv‡m©›U, Avgv‡`i wm·wU| wnmveUv K‡i †`Lve?Õ ÔfvB †`Lyb, wnmve †`Lv‡Z n‡e bv Avgv‡K| Avwg ejwQ Avgvi wRwbm Avwg †ePe bv, Zvn‡j Avcwb wKb‡Qb Kx K‡i?Õ †jvKUv GKUz nZvk n‡jv| Z‡e cigyn‡~ Z©B nZvkv †S‡o ejj, ÔGUv †Zv Avcbvi G·‡PÄ cÖcvwU©, `wjj Av‡Q?Õ Ô_vK‡e bv †Kb? wbðq Av‡Q|Õ Ô†`L‡Z cvwi?Õ ÔwR bv, cv‡ib bv| Avwg GB evwoi †Kv‡bv cwieZ©b Avb‡Z †`e bv| Avcbviv Avm‡Z cv‡ib|Õ ÔcwieZ©b †Zv Avcwb †VwK‡q ivL‡Z cvi‡eb bv| GB cy‡iv kniUvB e`‡j hv‡e| wKQyB Av‡Mi g‡Zv _vK‡e bv| Avcwb `ªæZ eyS‡Z cvi‡j Avgiv KvR ïiæ Ki‡Z cvwi| AdviUv w`‡q hvB, Avcwb fveyb| c‡i Avme Avevi|Õ wVK ZLb gv Pv‡qi †Uª wb‡q emvi N‡i XzK‡jb| `v`y `„p K‡É ej‡jb, Ô†Kv‡bv Advi PvB bv| Avcbviv †h‡Z cv‡ib| Avwg Avgvi evwo‡ZB _vKe, Avgvi bvwZI GLv‡bB _vK‡e| GUvB †kl K_v|Õ gv wbPz ¯^‡i ej‡jb, Ôevev, Avcwb wKš‘ †ewk D‡ËwRZ n‡q hv‡”Qb| kvšÍ †nvb|Õ Ô†kv‡bv, eDgv, Pv G‡bQ fv‡jv K_v, Ibv‡`i `vI| wKš‘ Avi KL‡bv Gbviv †hb GB evwo‡Z bv Av‡mb, †mUv †`‡Lv|Õ `v`yi K_vq KvR nqwb| Zviv G‡m‡Qb| eûevi G‡m‡Qb| ej‡Z †M‡j gv‡m `yevi K‡i G‡m‡Qb| KvKzwZ-wgbwZ K‡i‡Qb, ÔAvi GKevi †f‡e †`Lyb| jvfUv wKš‘ A‡bK †ewk n‡Zv| GB cyi‡bv XvKvq †Zv A‡bKw`b _vK‡jb, wNwÄ Avi wfo Qvov GLv‡b Av‡QUv Kx? Avcbv‡K avbgwÛ‡Z evmv fvov K‡i w`B, Kw`b Iw`KUvq _vKzb Aviv‡g| evwo ˆZwi n‡q †M‡j bvnq wd‡i G‡jb, †mvRv Uc †d¬v‡i| Avevi PvB‡j Zvi e`‡j bZzb XvKvq GKUv A¨vcvU©‡g›U wb‡q wb‡jb| Avgv‡`i cÖ‡R± †Zv me GjvKv‡ZB Pj‡Q| Avcbvi B”Qv| Z‡e †PvL auvwa‡q hv‡e Avgv‡`i G‡KKUv KvR †`L‡j|Õ `v`yi wQj †mB GK Reve, ÔAvwg bv †eP‡j Avcbviv wKb‡eb Kx K‡i?Õ ZvivI Bwb‡q-wewb‡q e‡j‡Qb, ÔGB †`Lyb Avcbvi cv‡ki evwoUvi A¨vwMÖ‡g›U n‡q †Mj| `y‡Uv GKm‡½ n‡j KZ e‡ov cÖ‡R± n‡Zv fveyb! hvB †nvK, †cQ‡biUvI n‡ev-n‡ev Ki‡Q, Avcwb †Zv M‡Z© c‡o _vK‡eb| Ici †_‡K gvbylRb Avcbvi evwoi Ic‡i wmMv‡i‡Ui QvB wKsev wPcm Avi ev`v‡gi †Lvmv †dj‡e, GUv Pv‡”Qb?Õ Ô†djyK| Av‡i fvB, HwZn¨ e‡jI †Zv GKUv K_v Av‡Q! Av‡Mi ¯’vcZ¨ wKQyB _vK‡e bv? cyi‡bv XvKv‡K bZzb evwb‡q BwZnvm fzwj‡q †`‡eb?Õ Ônv nv nv... †Kv_vq HwZn¨ _vK‡Q, PvPv? IB Avnmvb gwÄjUvB †Kej gvwë-†÷vwi‡qW n‡Z evwK _vK‡e nq‡Zv|Õ ÔGUv †Kv‡bv K_v n‡jv? KjKvZvq †Zv mywbw`©ó wbqg-Kvbyb Av‡Q GL‡bv, wfZ‡i hv Lywk K‡iv, evB‡iUv IiKgB _vK‡e| Wvj‡nŠwm‡Z wM‡q †`Lyb bv ÑÕ Ô†mme Rvwb bv, Z‡e Avgv‡`i GLv‡b wKQyB _vK‡e bv| ivRavbxi w`‡K mviv‡`‡ki gvbyl GwM‡q Avm‡Q, Av‡iv eû A¨vcvU©‡g‡›Ui cÖ‡qvRb| hv-B †nvK, Avcwb K_v w`b, w`‡j Avgv‡`iB †`‡eb, Avi KvD‡K bq| Ab¨ †h hv w`‡Z Pvq Avgiv Zvi Ic‡i wek jvL evwo‡q †`e, K_v w`jvg|Õ wKš‘ A‡bK iK‡gi cÖ‡jvf‡bI `v`y‡K gPKv‡bv hvqwb|


eviv›`vq e‡m Pv‡qi Kv‡c PzgK y w`‡Z-w`‡Z `v`y gv‡K ej‡Zb, ÔGB evwo _vK‡e bv, GB D‡Vvb, Avgvi GB eviv›`vq †iv‡`jv mKvj, IB d‡ji evMvb... e‡j Kx! dvRjv‡gv bvwK?Õ ÔwR, evev, cy‡ivUvB dvRjv‡gv|Õ Ô†kv‡bv, eDgv, Avwg g‡i †M‡jI †hb GB evwo bv fvOv nq| †Lqvj †i‡Lv|Õ ÔAvcwb wbwðšÍ _vKzb, evev|Õ ÔhvK, fimv w`‡j| Iiv ejwQj AvR mB Ki‡j AvMvgx gv‡mB fvOv ïiæ Ki‡e|Õ Ôme©bvk! Avcwb Kx ej‡jb, evev?Õ Ôejjvg, Avwg GKUv jvDMvQ jvwM‡qwQ, ivbœvN‡ii †`qvj †e‡q D‡V‡Q jKjK K‡i, jvD †nvK, Avgv‡K †L‡Z `vI| Gme fvOvfvwO GLv‡b Pj‡e bv|Õ Ônv nv nv... AvU †KvwU UvKv Adv‡ii mv‡_ Avcbvi mv‡ai jvD wK cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq wUK‡e, evev?Õ ÔwUK‡e bv gv‡b? †UKv‡ZB n‡e| AvmyK bv †`wL Av‡iKevi, gRv eywS‡q Qvoe|Õ Zv‡`i gRv †evSv‡bvi Rb¨ `v`yi Kv‡Q Kx cwiKíbv wQj, Avgvi Rvbv nqwb| wKš‘ Zv‡`i nv‡Z wQj Ggb bxj bKkv hv Avgv‡`i wec‡` †dj‡Z h‡_ó| Kzqvkv‡Niv GK _g_‡g mܨvq Zviv GK dvBj wb‡q Dcw¯’Z n‡jb| GB emvi N‡ii gvSLv‡bi †Pqv‡i e‡mB `v`yi mvg‡b dvBj †g‡j ai‡jb| †mLv‡b †`Lv †Mj Avgv‡`i evwoi `wjj, hvi Kv‡Q gU©‡MR ivLv wQj Zvi KvQ †_‡K Avbv| gv Pg‡K D‡V `v`y‡K ej‡jb, Ôevev, Avcwb evwo gU©‡MR ivL‡jb K‡e? Avðh©, Avgiv †Zv wKQyB Rvwb bv!Õ `v`y Amnv‡qi g‡Zv ej‡jb, ÔAvwg †Kb evwo gU©‡MR ivL‡Z hve, eDgv, Avgvi wK AZ UvKvi †Kv‡bvw`b †Kv‡bv cÖ‡qvRb c‡o‡Q?Õ wi‡qj G‡÷U †Kv¤úvwbi †jvK¸‡jv nvmj| ÔAZ D‡ËwRZ n‡q jvf †bB| gU©‡MR †Zv Avcwb iv‡Lbwb, †i‡LwQ‡jb GB evwoi Av‡Mi gvwjK, W±i b›`xÕ, ej‡Z-ej‡Z dvBj †_‡K GK A¨vwMÖ‡g‡›Ui Kwc †ei K‡i `v`yi nv‡Z w`‡jb GKRb| `v`y Avi gv ûgwo †L‡q co‡jb †mB KvMRUvi Ic‡i, nu¨v, 7 b¤^i i¨vswKb w÷ªU, W±i b›`xiB mB, cwi®‹vi me †jLv Av‡Q KvM‡R| m‡½ Zviv evwoi Avmj `wjjUvI †`Lv‡jb| `v`yi fziæ KzPu ‡K †Mj, wb‡Ri g‡b AvIov‡bvi g‡Zv K‡i ej‡jb, ÔG Kx K‡i m¤¢e, Ggb wKQy †Zv Avgv‡K ejv nqwb!Õ ÔZv ej‡e †Kb, Icv‡i Avcbvi evwoUv †c‡q †M‡Q bv! Avi Kx?Õ ÔZv GLb Kx Kiv hvq ejyb †Zv?Õ ÔKx Avi, my‡`-Avm‡j gU©‡M‡Ri UvKvi A¼ hv `uvwo‡q‡Q Zv †kva Ki‡Z n‡j Avcbvi G-evwo †W‡fjc Ki‡jB n‡q hvq| gv‡b UvKvUv Avcbvi n‡q AvgivB †kva K‡i †`‡ev| gvSLvb †_‡K Avcwb †c‡q hv‡eb A‡bK¸‡jv A¨vcvU©‡g›U| †`Lyb, Avcbvi Kv‡Q hLb G‡mwQ ZLb †R‡bï‡bB G‡mwQ, hZUzKz Rvwb Zv‡Z GB UvKv †kva Kivi g‡Zv Avcbvi...Õ †jvKwUI K_v †kl Ki‡jb bv, `v`yI wKQy ej‡jb bv| Avi gv gy‡L AuvPj Pvcv w`‡q e‡m _vK‡jb| DuPz Qv‡`i emvi NiwU‡Z kxZj wb¯ÍäZv †b‡g G‡jv| ¯ÍäZvi gvSLvb †_‡K `v`yi ¯úó D”PviY ïbjvg, ÔAvwg gvgjv Kie|Õ †jvKwU Ggb wekÖx k‡ã nvm‡Z ïiæ Ki‡jb †hb evsjv QvqvQwei DVwZ wf‡jb, ÔKvi weiæ‡×? W±i b›`x? †m †Zv fvi‡Z gviv †M‡Q| gvgjv wWmwgm| Avi hvi Kv‡Q gU©‡MR †i‡LwQj wZwb †Zv RxweZ| `wjjUv Ly‡u R cvw”Q‡jb bv| Zvici †c‡ZB Avgv‡`i m‡½ †hvMv‡hvM Ki‡jb †W‡fj‡ci e¨vcv‡i|Õ ÔAvi nv‡Z Puv` cvIqvi g‡Zv Avcbviv Qy‡U G‡jb, ZvB bv?Õ †jvKUv DËi bv w`‡q dvB‡j KvMR¸‡jv ¸wQ‡q ivL‡jb|

wgwUwgwU nvwm †j‡M wQj Zvi gy‡L| `v`y ZLb wb‡R‡K mvg‡j wb‡jb, ej‡jb, Ôïbyb, Avgv‡K `wjj †`wL‡qb bv| Avmj `wjj Avgvi Kv‡QI Av‡Q| fve‡eb bv, Avwg wb‡RB e¨e¯’v Kie| G-evwo †hgb Av‡Q wVK †ZgbB _vK‡e|Õ dvBjcÎ eMj`vev K‡i †jvK¸‡jv †ewi‡q †Mj| `v`y †PbvRvbv fv‡jv DwKj ai‡jb| †KvU© Avi †iwRw÷ª Awd‡m †`Šov‡`Šwo Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z Kw`‡bB Kvwnj n‡q co‡jb| gvmLv‡bK jovB Kivi c‡i GK †fv‡i `v`y Avi Nyg †_‡K DV‡jb bv| gkvwii †fZ‡i g„Z `v`y‡K Avwe®‹vi Ki‡jb gv| evwo nviv‡bvi †kv‡Ki m¤¢vebvi Kv‡Q g„Z¨z i Rq n‡jv| gv Zey nvj Qvo‡jb bv, `v`yi n‡q j‡o †M‡jb Uvbv Pvi eQi| wK kxZ wK MÖx®§, †Kv‡U©i ZvwiL _vK‡j gv Av‡M-Av‡M k~b¨ †Kv‡U©i †e‡Â wM‡q e‡m _vK‡Zb| Avgvi ZLb wek¦we`¨vj‡qi RwUj cov‡kvbv| gv‡K GKvB Gme Ki‡Z n‡Zv| eyS‡Z cviwQjvg †h, Avgiv †n‡i hvw”Q, DwK‡ji Amnvq Ae¯’vq †mUv ¯úó n‡Zv| A_P gv‡K ej‡j gv `v`yi Av‡`‡ki K_v g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡Zb, ÔAvwg g‡i †M‡jI †hb G-evwo fvOv bv nq|Õ Avgv‡`i Rb¨ GKwUB myweav wQj †h, †KmUv Sz‡j Av‡Q, mgvavb n‡”Q bv, Avi ZvB Avgiv Avgv‡`i RvqMv‡ZB AvwQ| Z‡e GKUv fq wQj, K‡e Avgv‡`i m‡i †h‡Z ejv nq| wi‡qj G‡÷‡Ui †jv‡Kiv nq‡Zv A‰ah© n‡q c‡owQ‡jb, cv‡ki evwoUvi RvqMvq DuPz BgviZ evbv‡bvi KvR †kl| mg‡qi m‡½-m‡½ Zv‡`i AvU †KvwU UvKvi Advi evo‡Z-evo‡Z AvVv‡iv †KvwU‡Z DVj| A_P GZwKQyi ciI hLb m¤úwËUv nv‡Z jvM‡Q bv, ZLb GKw`b evwo‡Z G‡m Bwb‡q-wewb‡q IB K_v e‡j †M‡jb, Ôiv¯Ívq †e‡iv‡j †h Kx nq ejv hvq bv ÑÕ AvRKvj iv¯Ívi K_v mwZ¨B wKQy ejv hvq bv| cyi‡bv XvKv †_‡K Avgvi cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡q †h‡Z A‡bKUv mgq jvMZ| GKw`‡K gv‡K GKv †d‡j †mLvbKvi n‡j D‡V †h‡Z cviZvg bv, Ab¨w`‡K cÖwZw`b wdi‡Z †`wi n‡Zv| gv wPšÍvq _vK‡Zb| AvwgI evwo‡Z GKv gv‡qi K_v †f‡e fq †cZvg| Avwg Zey fq‡K Rq Kie e‡jB †f‡ewQjvg| cov †kl n‡j PvKwi Kie, UvKv Rwg‡q Avgv‡`i KvwjSzwj gvLv evwoUv‡K Av‡Mi †mB cv‡ki evwoUvi g‡Zv GKUv ZiæYx †Pnviv w`‡q †`‡ev, GB wQj Avgvi †Mvcb cwiKíbv| PvKwiI †c‡q †Mjvg cov †kl n‡Z bv n‡ZB| wKš‘ gv GKw`b wb‡Pi Zjvq `v`yi covi Avi bvgv‡Ri NiUv †_‡K Avgv‡K WvK‡jb| wM‡q †`wL bvgv‡Ri †PŠwKUvi Ic‡i gv_v †VwK‡q e‡m Av‡Qb gv| Avwg wM‡q `uvov‡ZB Avgvi w`‡K wdi‡jb, †PvL gy‡Q ax‡i-ax‡i ej‡jb, ÔZzB †Zvi Awd‡mi Kv‡Qav‡i Avgv‡`i Rb¨ GKUv evmv †`L, †LvKv| Avi bv|Õ gv‡qi IB †QvÆ ÔAvi bvÕ K_vUzK‡z ZB Avwg mg¯Í cwiKíbv †_‡K †ewi‡q Gjvg| mwZ¨, A‡bK n‡jv, Avi bv| wKš‘ gv †Kv_vq! k~b¨ emvi N‡i `uvwo‡q wb¯ÍäZv †hb Avgvi Mjv wU‡c aij| GB evwo †Q‡o †M‡j GB N‡i Avwg Avi G‡m `uvove bv, AcviMZv Avi Avgv‡K Gfv‡e Qu‡y q †`‡e bv| †g‡Si mv`v eM©‡ÿθ‡jvi D¾¡jZv K‡g G‡m‡Q ZLb, Kv‡jv¸‡jv Av‡iv Nb Kv‡jv| Rvbvjvi w`‡K †PvL †M‡j †`Ljvg Av‡jv c‡o G‡m‡Q cÖvq| `ªæZ cv‡ki N‡i QyUjvg; `v`yi covi Ni, eBcÎ, †kj&dmn Uªv‡K P‡j †M‡Q Av‡MB| ïay bvgv‡Ri †PŠwKUv c‡o wQj| mviv w`bivZ gvbylwenxb †PŠwKUv‡Z Kv‡Vi †cvKv KUi-KUi K‡i Kvgo emv‡Z _vKZ| ZvB Uªv‡K IVvBwb IUv| gv wQ‡jb †mLv‡bB, kvšÍ n‡q †g‡S‡Z e‡m wQ‡jb, nvZ †evjvw”Q‡jb †PŠwKUvi Ic‡i| e‡m _vKvi fw½i †P‡qI kvšÍ K‡É gv ej‡jb, Ô†cvKv a‡i‡Q aiæK, GB †PŠwKUv wb‡Z n‡e, †LvKv| gviv hvIqvi w`b dR‡ii mg‡qI †Zvi `v`y GLv‡b...Õ, gv‡qi Mjv a‡i G‡jv| Avwg fvewQjvg gvB‡µvev‡m GB †PŠwKi RvqMv n‡e wK? cigyn‡~ Z©B Avgvi fvebv e`‡j †Mj| AevK n‡q †Lqvj Kijvg, AvR †Zv evwo †_‡K †e‡iv‡bv‡Z gv‡qi †Kv‡bv Zvov †bB! r

61


†Ljbv Z…òv emvK

we

Qvbvq ï‡Z wM‡q Pg‡K DVj wbwLj| Zvi evwj‡ki cv‡k GKwU bvixgyÐ| †mvbvwj Pzj, bxj †PvL, cvZjv †Mvjvwc †VuvU Avi njy` Revi gZ Mv‡qi is| †K G? Lye Mig covq AvRKvj gkvwi UvOvq bv Avi| ZvB †mB bvixgyÐ Lye ¯úó K‡iB †`L‡Z †cj wbwLj, gkvwii Rv‡j Zv AveQv n‡q †Mj bv| gkvi a~c R¡jwQj| Zvi wSgwS‡g MÜ wbwL‡ji mœvqyi Ici KvR KiwQj| wKš‘ evwj‡ki cv‡k bvixgyÐ †`‡L Zvi wSgwS‡g fve †K‡U †Mj| †m Pg‡K ZvKvj| fqI †cj GKUz| fq, KviY mxgv A‡bKw`b nj †g‡q‡K wb‡q P‡j †M‡Q G-evwo †_‡K| Zv‡`i m‡½-m‡½ G-evwo †_‡K mg¯Í bvixwPwýZ, bvix¯ú„ó wRwbmcÎI P‡j †M‡Q| wb‡R‡`i RvgvKvco QvovI iægwKi me evwe©, evwe©i Ry‡Zv-Rvgv, e¨vM, myBg my¨U me wb‡q †M‡Q mxgv| SowZcowZ hv c‡o wQj meB Kv‡Ri gvmx‡K w`‡q w`‡q‡Q wbwLj| †Kócy‡ii Lv‡ji av‡i †mB GKgy‡Vv AÜKvi N‡i `wo‡Z iægwKi †KwcÖ Szj‡Q wKsev dzUšÍ fv‡Zi nuvwoi cv‡k †g‡S‡Z c‡o Av‡Q evwe© Ñ Ggb `„k¨ KL‡bv cxwoZ K‡iwb Zv‡K| P‡j hvIqv I w`‡q †djvi ci Avi wKQyB c‡o wQj bv †Kv_vI, Ggb Zvi g‡b n‡qwQj| †Pv‡Li mvg‡b hv †`Lv hvq Zvi evB‡i jywK‡q _vKvi RvqMv GB d¬¨v‡U †Kv_vq? wP‡j‡KvVv ev †em‡g›U †bB| wK‡P‡bi Ici jdU GKUv Av‡Q e‡U| wKš‘ wZb eQ‡ii †g‡qi †Ljbv¸‡jv AZ cÖvPxb n‡q hvqwb †h, ILv‡b Zz‡j ivLv n‡e| e¨vjKwbi GK †Kv‡Y iægwKi ej, `y-GK cvwU Ry‡Zv Av‡iv Kxme nvweRvwe ivLv wQj, †mme I wewj‡q w`‡q‡Q †mw`b| duvKv RvqMvq K‡qKUv Ue G‡b †i‡L‡Q, Av‡iv Avb‡e Av‡¯Í-Av‡¯Í| e¨vjKwbUv cy‡iv meyR n‡q †M‡j †m Zvi g‡a¨ GKUv wMiwMwUi gZ jywK‡q _vK‡e| wKš‘ Zvi GB ¯^‡cœi g‡a¨ GB †mvbvwj PzjIqvjv gv_vUv †Kv_v †_‡K Gj? weQvbv †_‡K Qy‡o †dj‡e e‡j IUv nv‡Z wbj wbwLj| wKš‘ gyLUvi g‡a¨ Ggb myKgz viZ¡ Av‡Q †h, †m Qyo‡Z cvij bv| Dj‡U †i‡L w`j| Zvici gv_vi KvQ †_‡K eBUv †U‡b hZ`~i cov n‡q‡Q Zvi ci †_‡K co‡Z ïiæ Kij| co‡Z-co‡Z Avo‡Pv‡L gyÐUvi w`‡K ZvKv‡ZB Zvi ür¯ú›`b †_‡g †Mj| †m †Zv AvcmvBW WvDb K‡i †i‡LwQj GKUz Av‡M| IUv Avevi †mvRv n‡q †M‡Q Avi W¨veW¨ve K‡i Zvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q Av‡Q| wbwLj nv‡Zi eBUv †i‡L aodo K‡i D‡V emj| Gme Kx n‡”Q? eø¨vK g¨vwRK-Uª¨vwRK bvwK? n‡Z cv‡i, mxgv Gme Ki‡Q| mxgv‡K †m A‡bKUvB ey‡S DV‡Z

62

cv‡iwb, Zvi bv-†evSv As‡k _vK‡ZB cv‡i ZzKZvK, ekxKiY, RwoeywU| mxgvi GKUv nvd-†cÖwgK UvB‡ci Av‡Q| †m ûUnvU R½‡j †eov‡Z hvq, bvwK IqvBì jvBd d‡UvMÖvwd K‡i| GB e¨vcviUv hw`I Lye †dK g‡b nq wbwL‡ji| d‡Uvk‡c GLb mewKQy m¤¢e| Ii Qwe †ZvjvUv †dK bv mxgvi m‡½ †cÖgUv, Zv wb‡q Aek¨ gv_ve¨_v †bB wbwL‡ji| mxgv P‡j wM‡q †m GKUz wb‡Ri gZ K‡i euvP‡Z cvi‡Q, †mUvB eo K_v| mxgv PvKwi K‡i, h‡_ó fvj †ivRMvi| wKš‘ msmv‡i GKUv cqmv w`‡Z ej‡j †PuwP‡q evwo gv_vq KiZ| Ii †Kgb GKUv gvÜvZv Avg‡ji aviYv Av‡Q, msmv‡i UvKv †`‡e cyiæl Avi †`Lfvj Ki‡e †g‡qiv| hw`I ivbœvi †jvK wQj, wKš‘ wb‡R iuva‡ZI mxgvi AvcwË wQj bv, GgbwK wV‡K wS Uvbv mvZw`b bv G‡jI wbwLj‡K evmb gvR‡Z ev Ni SuvU w`‡Z WvKZ bv †m, Zvi hZ AvcwË wQj msmv‡i UvKv w`‡Z| Rb¥w`b, cy‡Rvi Dcnvi, †g‡qi P‡Kv‡jU, †Ljbv Qvov GK cqmvI †ei KiZ bv mxgv| Dciš‘ †ivRB †e‡iv‡bvi mgq wbwL‡ji KvQ †_‡K LyP‡iv †bB e‡j cÂvk-lvU UvKv wb‡q wbZ| gv‡m `y-Pvievi evB‡i LvIqv‡bv, `vwg wjcw÷K, cviwdDg wK‡b †`Iqvi evqbv wQj Zvi| wbwLj A¨vdW© Ki‡Z cviZ, h‡_óB cviZ| cÖ_g-cÖ_g mxgvi GB ¯^fve Zvi cÖkqÖ B †c‡q‡Q| Av‡¯Í-Av‡¯Í Zvi weiw³ Gj, †k‡l fq¼i ivM I m‡›`n| mxgv †h GZ UvKv gvB‡b cvq, †Kv_vq hvq †mme? mxgvi


evev-gv h‡_ó Ae¯’vcbœ, mxgvi UvKvq Zv‡`i †Kv‡bv `iKvi †bB| Zvn‡j GZ UvKv mxgv ïay Rgvq? GLb wbwLj †R‡b‡Q mxgvi UvKvi GKwU eo Ask †hZ †mB nvd-†cÖwgKwU‡K cyl‡Z| mxgv Aek¨ ZLb ejZ, ïfvwkm, Ii wWmU¨v›U KvwRb PvKwi-evKwi †Q‡o e‡b-R½‡j Ny‡i Avi Rš‘-Rv‡bvqv‡ii Qwe Zz‡j †eovq| Avi `iKvi gZ Gi-Zvi Kv‡Q nvZ cv‡Z| GB †Zv †mw`b K¨v‡giv †f‡O †Mj| wbwLj †mw`bB cÖ_g Pg‡K D‡VwQj| GKUv K¨v‡giv, gv‡b GB ai‡bi K¨v‡giv, †m †Zv cÖPiz `vg| mxgv, †h msmv‡i GK cqmvI †VKvq bv, †m wKbv wWmU¨v›U KvwR‡bi K¨v‡giv wK‡b w`‡”Q! †mB K¨v‡giv wb‡qB I‡`i msNl©Uv cÖ_g gy‡LvgywL Gj| GZw`b †Sv‡cSv‡o PjwQj| Gevi me ms‡KvP KvwU‡q Pÿzj¾v NywP‡q wbwLj mxgvi Ici nvjyg K‡i Suvwc‡q coj| mxgvI Rwg Qvoj bv| fvjB nj, GB mvgbvmvgwb †gvKvwejv bv n‡j wbwLj †Zv Rvb‡ZB cviZ bv, ïfvwkm hv‡K mxgv nvd KvwRb e‡j Pvjv‡”Q Av‡`Š mxgvi Zz‡Zv fvB bq, †cÖwgK UvBc wKQy| Z‡e nvd ev wmwK, KviY µgk cÖKvk †cj mxgvi GKwU c~Y© mg‡qi †cÖwgK Av‡Q Ges wZwb h‡_ó iBm, weevwnZ Ges `ywU mšÍv‡bi wcZv| GB bejä Áv‡bi cÖv_wgK AwfNv‡Z wbwLj G‡Kev‡i w`‡knviv n‡q †Mj| Zvi wZbwU KviY Av‡Q| GK. mxgv‡K wek¦vm Kiv hvq bv|

`yB. Zv‡`i †g‡qwU Zvi JimRvZ bvI n‡Z cv‡i| wZb. mxgvi †cÖwgK GZ eo‡jvK nIqv m‡Ë¡I mxgvi UvKv †Kv_vq hvq? mxgv cÖ_g `ywU ¯^xKvi K‡i wb‡Z †ewkÿY mgq †bqwb| mwZ¨B Zv‡K wek¦vm Kiv hvq bv Ges †g‡qwU †mB f`ª‡jv‡KiB `vb| wKš‘ UvKvi e¨vcv‡i †m gy‡L Kzjc y AuvUj Ges we¯Íi AkvwšÍi c‡iI †m Ni Qvo‡Z PvBj bv| Zvi bv hvIqvi mc‡ÿ wZbwU hyw³ Ges wZbwUB Lye, Lye A™¢Z z | GK : GLvb †_‡K mxgvi Awdm I †g‡qi ¯‹‡z j hvIqvi mywe‡a| `yB : †g‡q wbwLj‡KB evev e‡j Rv‡b Ges ¯‹‡z jI ZvB Rv‡b| wZb : †m wbwLj‡K fvjev‡m| mxgvi †_‡K hvIqvi mc‡ÿ Av‡iv K‡qK nvRvi KviY _vK‡Z cviZ, wKš‘ Zv‡Z wbwL‡ji gb MjZ bv| †m Zvi d¬¨v‡U GZw`b `yaKjv w`‡q Kvjmvc I Kvjmv‡ci ev”Pv cy‡l G‡m‡Q, GLb ïK‡bv jsKvi †auvqv w`‡q Zvov‡j hw` hvq †Zv fvj, bq‡Zv †m Kve©wjK A¨vwmW Xvj‡Z eva¨ n‡e| mxgviv P‡j †h‡Z Zvi gb kvšÍ nj| †g‡qUvi Rb¨ cÖ_g-cÖ_g Kó nZ Lye| wKš‘ Kx Avi Kiv hv‡e †g‡q †Zv Zvi bq, mxgv wb‡Ri gy‡LB ¯^xKvi K‡i‡Q †m-K_v| Kv‡Ki evmvq †KvwK‡ji Qvbv eo K‡i Kx jvf?

63


mxgviv P‡j hvIqvi ci Zvi †ek KvUwQj| cyi‡bv Kv‡Ri †jvK‡`i Qvwo‡q w`‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i Kv‡R †Kv‡bv ÎæwU wQj bv, KvgvBI eo GKUv KiZ bv, †Kej eDw` Avi ev”PvUvi K_v ZzjZ Qy‡Zvq-bvZvq| cyi‡bv ivbœvi gvmx Avevi cÖvqB mewRi Szwo, wd«‡Ri †cQb, K¨vwe‡b‡Ui g‡a¨ †_‡K GKUv jvj ej, GKUv cyZ‡z ji cv, GKUv †Ljbv †gvevBj †ei K‡i AvbZ| wbwL‡ji g‡b nZ Zvi ev hvB †nvK mxgvi ev”PvUvi †d‡j hvIqv †Ljbvi m¤¢vi Szwo AdzišÍ| †KvbvKvw †_‡K †e‡iv‡”Q †Zv †e‡iv‡”QB| bvwK gvmx wb‡Ri bvZwbi †Ljbv jywK‡q wb‡q G‡m Gfv‡e wbwLj‡K †LuvPv‡Z PvB‡Q? wbwLj cÎcvV gvmx‡K Zvovj| Zvi Lye Amyweav nj hw`I| g‡bi gZ †jvK cvIqv †Mj bv, `y-wZb‡U †jvK cvjUv‡bvi ci †nvg †Wwjfvwi‡Z w_Zz nj wbwLj| GKUv DcKvi n‡q‡Q Aek¨| †m UzKUvK ivbœv Ki‡Z wk‡L wb‡q‡Q| ivbœvN‡i cÖ_g-cÖ_g XzK‡Z Zvi fq KiZ| mxgvi †g‡q iægwK, hv‡K I UzgUzwg e‡j WvKZ, ivbœvi gvmxi m‡½ Zvi wQj fvwi fve| †m A‡bK mgq ivbœvN‡ii mvg‡b e‡m †LjZ Zvi GK UvefwZ© †Ljbv wb‡q| gv‡S-gv‡SB †m Zvi ej Mwo‡q w`Z gvmxi w`‡K| Ag‡jU Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z wK †Uv÷v‡i iæwU †muK‡Z-†muK‡Z wbwL‡ji fq KiZ Zvi w`‡KI hw` ej Mwo‡q Av‡m! †m ZbœZbœ K‡i ivbœvNi, evwoi cÖwZwU †KvY, KvevW©, Avjgvwii †cQb cwi®‹vi K‡i †djj| Gi d‡j †m hv PvBwQj, evwo‡K wkï-†LjbvewR©Z Ki‡Z, Zv †Zv njB, evowZ RÄvj, ay‡jvgqjv `~i n‡q Ni¸‡jv bZzb K‡i †m‡R DVj| mxgv Ggwb ¸wQ‡q ¯^fv‡eiB wQj| wKš‘ ev”Pv, Awdm mvgjv‡Z wM‡q B`vbxs Ni‡`v‡ii w`‡K gb w`‡Z cv‡iwb| Zvi Ici †cÖg-†Uªg¸‡jv †Zv wQjB| wb‡Ri nv‡Z mvRv‡bv GKUv meyR e¨vjKwb‡Z `uvwo‡q wbwLj fvej, Zvi Rxe‡b Gevi GKUv †cÖg Avm‡ZB cv‡i| Z‡e we‡q ev wjf Uz‡M`vi G‡Kev‡iB bq| G-evwo‡Z †Kv‡bv bvixwP‡ýi ¯’vqx emwZ †m mn¨ Ki‡e bv| GB fvebvi gvmLv‡b‡Ki g‡a¨ kÖveYxi m‡½ Avjvc nj Zvi| kÖveYx Wv³vi, m¤úªwZ ea©gvb †gwWK¨vj K‡j‡R e`wj n‡q‡Q| †fv‡ii †Uª‡b hvq Avi m‡Üi †Uª‡b †d‡i| weevn wew”Qbœv, iæwe Kv‡b±‡ii Kv‡Q wbR¯^ d¬¨vU Av‡Q Zvi| GK †W-A‡di w`b wbwLj‡K †m WvKj Zvi d¬¨v‡U| NUbvP‡µ wbwL‡ji †mw`b QywU wQj| eû gvm ci w`bUv PgrKvi KvUj Zvi| gv‡b m‡Ü †_‡K ga¨iv‡Zi wKQy Av‡M ch©š|Í †h‡nZz kÖveYx‡K ciw`b †fviiv‡Z DV‡Z n‡e, ZvB wbwLj‡K †m †_‡K †h‡Z ejj bv| kÖveYx A¨v‡gwRs KzK, Zvi evbv‡bv Kveve †L‡q wbwLj †gvwnZ| G Qvov Zvi †mjv‡i DrK…ó IqvBb m¤¢vi Avi kÖveYxi Z¡K, IqvB‡bi gZ is Avi †Kgb †hb bve¨Zv Av‡Q Zvi| cÖ_g iv‡ZB wbwLj †f‡m †Mj| hw`I evwo wd‡i Avmvi ci cÖ_g †h-K_vUv Zvi g‡b nj Zv nj kÖveYxi Li‡Pi nvZ| kÖveYx cÖwZ mßv‡n Gfv‡e wb‡Ri d¬¨v‡U wbwLj‡K PvB‡e Ges †mB Awfmv‡ii mg¯Í LiP †m-B enb Ki‡e, GUv †f‡e fvwi Avivg nj Zvi| wbwL‡ji g‡b coj wecixZ iwZi Zz½ gyn‡~ Z© kÖveYx Zv‡K e‡jwQj Ô†bfvi †Wqvi Uz evB Bfb gvB juRvwi| w`R Avi Uz G·‡cbwmf|Õ Av‡jv g„`y g~Qb© vq weQvbvq Ly‡j ivLv kÖveYxi juRvwi †e¸wb AwK©‡Wi ¸‡”Qi gZ gnvN© g‡b n‡qwQj wbwL‡ji| gvmLv‡bK GKiKg nvIqvq †f‡m-†f‡m †K‡U †Mj wbwL‡ji| Gi g‡a¨ GKw`b mxgv G‡mwQj UzgUzwg‡K wb‡q| Ii ¯‹jz †PÄ Ki‡e, B›UviwfD‡qi w`b wbwLj‡K hvIqvi Aby‡iva Ki‡Z| ÔIi evev‡K e‡jv gv‡b Ii ev‡qvjwRK¨vj evev‡K|Õ mxgv Ii w`‡K w¯’i †Pv‡L †P‡q ejj, ÔZv‡KB †Zv ejwQ|Õ Ôgv‡b!Õ

64

ÔwbwLj, ZzwgB UzgUzwgi evev| Gi Av‡M hv e‡jwQ me wg‡_¨| IBiKg †Kv‡bv †jvK Avgvi Rxe‡b †bB-B †Zv †m UzgUzwgi evev n‡e †Kv‡Ì‡K?Õ bvt, mxgv Gevi m‡n¨i mxgv Qvwo‡q hv‡”Q| Ô†nvqvU `¨ †nj BD Avi UwKs A¨vevDU?Õ ÔAvwg ejwQ, Zzwg Avgvi GK Ges GKgvÎ ¯^vgx Ges UzgUzwgi GK Ges GKgvÎ evev|Õ ÔZvn‡j Zzwg IiKg K_v e‡jwQ‡j †Kb? †Kv‡bv †g‡q Ggb K_v ej‡Z cv‡i? Kx †Zvgvi jvf?Õ mxgv Gevi kã K‡i †n‡m DVj| nvm‡Z-nvm‡Z †Pv‡L Rj P‡j Gj Zvi| ÔAvwg †`L‡Z PvBwQjvg Avgv‡`i m¤úK©Uv GB †QvÆ wg‡_¨i fvi wb‡Z cv‡i wKbv|Õ I‡K m¤ú~Y© nZf¤^ K‡i †i‡L mxgv UzgUzwg‡K wb‡q †ewi‡q †Mj| Avi Zvi ciw`b wbwLj ï‡Z wM‡q Avwe®‹vi Kij Zvi evwj‡ki cv‡k †mvbvwj PzjIqvjv GKwU bvixgyÐ| cÖ_‡gB Ii m‡›`n coj mxgvi Ici| mxgv wK Kvj G‡m †i‡L †Mj GUv? †ek wKQyÿY Gcvk-Icvk Kivi ci †m fvej gyÐUv gqjvi evjwZ‡Z †d‡j †`‡e| cvij bv| mvBW †Uwe‡j †i‡L w`j Zvi e`‡j| Rj †L‡q ï‡Z wM‡q †`Lj †g‡mR G‡m‡Q| kÖveYxi †g‡mR| hvi †gvÏv K_v, Kvj Zvi evwo‡Z wKQy †M÷ Avm‡Q ZvB Zv‡`i wba©vwiZ †cÖvMÖvg K¨vb‡mjW n‡”Q| gv‡b Kveve, IqvBb, kÖveYxi bve¨ kixi Ñ me evwZj! wbwL‡ji Nyg Gj bv eûÿY Aewa| kÖveYxi †M÷m! e¨vcviUv Zvi Kv‡Q fxlY m‡›`nRbK g‡b nj| kÖveYx †Zv evieviB e‡j, †m Zvi weevwnZ Rxe‡b e‡ii †RvivRywi‡Z GZ cvwU© w`‡q‡Q, GZ †M÷ A¨v‡UÛ K‡i‡Q, †h Gme mvgvwRKZvq GLb Zvi ewg Av‡m| †m Zvi evwoi wbf…wZ wKQy‡ZB bó n‡Z †`‡e bv, wbwLj Avi Zvi Kv‡Ri †jvK Qvov evwo‡Z KvD‡K †m †XvKv‡e bv| †mLv‡b kÖveYxi evwo‡Z †M÷m! GK mßvn Zvi †Kgb weå‡gi g‡a¨ †K‡U †Mj| AvR Avevi kÖveYxi †W-Ad| wbwLj D‡ËwRZ| wKš‘ mKvj †_‡K †dvb K‡i-K‡i †cj bv kÖveYx‡K| †dvb myBPW Ad| wbwLj †mw`bI QywU wb‡q‡Q| `yc‡y i LvIqvi ci N‡i G‡m‡Q, Uzs K‡i GKUv kã| kÖveYxi †g‡mR| Ômwi, we‡kl Kv‡R wKQyw`‡bi Rb¨ evB‡i hvw”Q, wd‡i Avwg †hvMv‡hvM K‡i †be|Õ wbwLj ac K‡i weQvbvq e‡m coj| kÖveYxi nv‡Zi Kveve, Zvi †mjv‡ii cÖvPzh© wKsev Zvi ev‡M©wÛ iOv Z¡K Ñ Gme †mB gyn‡~ Z© Zvi gv_vq wQj bv| Avmj K_v nj, kÖveYx Zv‡K A¨vf‡qW Ki‡Q| Zvi `„p aviYv nj, kÖveYx Ab¨ KvD‡K †WU Ki‡Q Ges nq‡Zv Zv‡KB we‡q Ki‡Z P‡j‡Q| Zvi ey‡K wPbwP‡b GKUv e¨_v KiwQj| g‡b nj Gÿzwb g‡i hv‡e| g‡i hvIqvi Av‡M GKevi wK kÖveYxi evwoi mvg‡b wM‡q `uvov‡e? †mLv‡b wM‡q `uvov‡j wbwðZ †m †`L‡Z cv‡e kÖveYx bZzb GK cyiæ‡li KÉjMœ n‡q GKMv`v kwcs e¨vM wb‡q Mvwo †_‡K bvg‡Q| Zvi gnvN© juRvwi wK‡b †`Iqvi gZ mg_© cyiæl †m †c‡q †M‡Q? †mB gyn‡~ Z© Ii †dvb evRj| mxgv| Ôg‡b Av‡Q †Zv Kvj UzgUzwgi bZzb ¯‹‡z j B›UviwfD? GMv‡ivUvi g‡a¨ P‡j Gm| fvj K_v, GLv‡b PvÝ †c‡j wKš‘ jvLLv‡bK †j‡M hv‡e A¨vWwgk‡b|Õ †mB cyi‡bv mxgv| wbwLj `uv‡Z `uvZ †P‡c ej‡Z PvBj, ÔGB Rb¨B eywS Avgv‡K Avevi evev mvR‡Z n‡”Q?Õ wKš‘ Zvi e`‡j †m K¬všÍ Mjvq ejj, ÔUzgUzwgi KZ †Ljbv Zzwg †d‡j †MQ mxgv? GZ †Ljbvi m‡½ ï‡q _vK‡Z-_vK‡Z Avwg wb‡RB GKUv †Ljbv n‡q †MwQ|Õ r


D‡Øvabx Abyôv‡bi g‡Â Zcb †PŠayix, Aveyj Lv‡qi, Aveyj gvj Ave`yj gywnZ, Avmv`y¾vgvb b~i, nl©ea©b wkÖsjv I †mwjg Avi Gd †nv‡mb

mvs¯‹…wZK DÌv‡bi AvMgbx msMxZ

c

†Mvjvg gy¯Ívdv

Âgev‡ii g‡Zv †e½j D”Pv½msMxZ Drme AbywôZ n‡jv 24 †_‡K 28 b‡f¤^i| Gi Av‡M cÖwZeQi Abyôvb ïiæ n‡q‡Q 28 b‡f¤^i †_‡K| GB ZvwiL cÖvq wbw`©ó n‡q wM‡qwQj| wKQy Awbevh© Kvi‡Y Gevi Abyôv‡bi mgq GwM‡q Avbv n‡jv| Drm‡ei mgvwß w`e‡mi Abyôv‡b †e½j dvD‡Ûk‡bi mfvcwZ Aveyj Lv‡qi Rvbv‡jb, bvbv cwiw¯’wZi K_v †f‡e G-eQ‡ii Av‡qvRb wb‡q Zuviv Lye GKUv D`MÖxe wQ‡jb bv| wKš‘ msMxZwccvmy‡`i K_v †f‡e Ges miKv‡ii KvQ mvwe©K mn‡hvwMZvi Avk¦vm †c‡q †kl ch©šÍ Abyôvb Av‡qvR‡b Zuviv AMÖmi n‡q‡Qb| Ô¯‹qviÕ-wb‡ew`Z Gev‡ii Drme DrmwM©Z n‡q‡Q cÖqvZ me¨mvPx †jLK ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki D‡Ï‡k| Drm‡ei cÖ_g iRbxi Abyôvb ïiæ n‡jv mgqvbyhvqxB Ñ wVK m‡Ü mvZUvq evsjv‡`‡ki wewkó b„Z¨wkíx kwg©jv e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi cwiPvjbvq Ôb„Z¨b›`bÕ cwi‡ewkZ b„Z¨vbyôv‡bi gva¨‡g| b„Z¨b›`‡bi wkíxiv cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb gwYcywi, KÌK, Iwowk Ges K‡qKwU iex›`ªmsMx‡Zi mgš^‡q ÔiweK‡iv¾¡j b„Z¨gvwjKvÕ| we‡klZ iex›`ªbv‡_i Ôwecyj Zi½ †iÕ Mv‡bi my‡i ÔbvPZ wÎf½‡q

65


cwÐZ nwicÖmv` †PŠivwmqv b›`b›`b e„›`veb hgybvZUÕ Ges ÔAwq fzebg‡bv‡gvwnbxÕ, ÔIB †cvnvBj wZwgi ivwZÕ Ñ GB iex›`ªmsMxZ¸‡jvi b„Z¨iƒc wQj †ek Dc‡fvM¨| cÖvq GK NÈvi GB b„Z¨vbyôvb cwiKíbvq I cwi‡ekbvq wQj Abe`¨| Gici g‡Â G‡jb eskxwkíx cÖexY †Mv`wLw›` I †envjvwkíx iZxk ZvM‡`| KY©vU‡Ki cÖexY †Mv`wLw›` we`y¨r-cÖ‡KŠkjx, wKš‘ †klch©šÍ eskavivbyhvqx msMxZ-mvabvi c_B ai‡jb| Zuvi wcZv cwÐZ †f¼‡Uk †Mv`wLw›` eskxev`‡bi KxwZ©gvb wkíx| wcZvi Kv‡QB eskxev`‡bi Zvwjg wb‡q‡Qb cÖvq K‡qK `kK a‡i| iZxk ZvM‡oi †envjvq cÖv_wgK wkÿv Zuvi wcZv wek¦bv_ ivI ZvM‡oi Kv‡Q| c‡i cwÐZ weòz‡Mvwe›` †hv‡Mi Kv‡Q Zvwjg wb‡q‡Qb `xN©w`b| GB `yB wkíx cÖ_‡g cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb Kj¨vY Vv‡Ui mygayi ivM gviæ‡envM| cÖ_‡g wejw¤^Z GKZvj I c‡i `ªæZ wZbZv‡j| Gici cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv nsmaŸwb| GB ivMwU g~jZ `wÿYx| ksKi iv‡Mi m`„k GB ivMwU, A‡b‡Ki g‡Z, wn›`y¯v’ wb msMx‡Z cÖPjb K‡ib I¯Ív` Ave`yj Kwig Luv| cÖexY †Mv`wLw›` I iZxk ZvM‡o GwU cwi‡ekb K‡ib ga¨j‡qi iƒcK Zv‡j| ZvbKvwi I jqKvwi‡Z `yR‡biB cwi‡ekbv wQj g‡bvgy»Ki| GB `yR‡bi m‡½ Zejv msMZ K‡ib cwÐZ ivg`vm cvjmy‡j| Drm‡ei AvbyôvwbK D‡Øvabx Awa‡ekb ïiæ n‡jv Gi c‡iB| cuvP w`be¨vcx Drm‡ei AvbyôvwbK D‡Øvab †NvlYv K‡ib evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii A_©gš¿x Aveyj gvj Ave`yj gywnZ| GB Abyôv‡b Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb ms¯‹w… Zgš¿x Avmv`y¾vgvb b~i, evsjv‡`‡k fvi‡Zi nvBKwgkbvi nl©ea©b wkÖsjv, ¯‹qvi dvg©vwmDwUK¨vj‡mi e¨e¯’vcbv cwiPvjK Zcb †PŠayix, eª¨vK e¨vs‡Ki e¨e¯’vcbv cwiPvjK †mwjg Avi Gd †nv‡mb Ges †e½j dvD‡Ûk‡bi †Pqvig¨vb Aveyj Lv‡qi| Gici g‡Â G‡jb we`ylx wMwiRv †`ex| Gevi mevB cÖZxÿv KiwQ‡jb wMwiRv †`exi Rb¨| eqm AvUvwk| Avm‡Z cvi‡eb wK

66

bv, wVKg‡Zv MvB‡Z cvi‡eb wK bv Ñ GB mskq wQj A‡b‡Ki g‡bB| wKš‘ g‡Â D‡VB Rvbv‡jb, hZw`b †eu‡P _vK‡eb, Pjv‡div Ki‡Z cvi‡eb ZZw`bB XvKvq Avm‡eb, Mvb †kvbv‡eb| cÖ_‡g ïiæ Ki‡jb †hvM‡Kvl iv‡M †Lqvj ÔSvbvwiqv‡i gb‡K gvwq K¨vq‡m Ki AvD †Zv‡i cvmÕ| cwÐZ RMbœv_ eyqv cy‡ivwnZ ¸wY`vm GB ivM m„wó K‡ib †hvM I P›`ª‡Kvl Aej¤^‡b| we`ylx wMwiRv †`ex cÖ_‡g mvgvb¨ Avjv‡ci ci Ki‡jb `xN© we¯Ívi| †evj-we¯ÍviI K‡i‡Qb †ek LvwbKUv mgq a‡i| we¯Ív‡i Zuvi KzkjZv me©Rbwew`Z| †k‡l `ªæZ wZb Zv‡j MvB‡jb ÔeûZ w`b we‡Z Av‡Rv Av‡q bv †gv‡i jvjÕ| †ev‡ji g‡a¨ wgjb-cÖZxÿvi †h AvKzwZ wQj Zv †hb eû¸Y †e‡o †Mj wkíxi `iw` K‡Éi cwi‡ekbvq| Gici wgkÖ Lv¤^v‡R cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb Vzgwi ÔBZbv AviR †gvwi gvb †j wcqv, Kwf ci‡`k bv hvBIÕ| cwi‡ekb Ki‡Z- Ki‡Z ej‡jb, †ebvi‡mi ÔLvm wPRÕ n‡jv k‡ãi g‡a¨ fvIbv (Abyfe) †X‡j †`Iqv| wMwiRv †`exi Vzgwi‡Z †mB Abyf‡eiB we¯Ívi N‡U| Gici Uàv cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb| Zvi Av‡M †kÖvZv‡`i ej‡jb, ÔUàv MvIqv †ek KwVb, A‡bK †iIqvR Ki‡Z nq|Õ wKš‘ †kvwi wgqvi Ôwgqv bR‡i †bwn Av`vI‡qÕ MvB‡jb Abvqvm mvejxjZvq| Ôw`Iqvbv wK‡q k¨vg K¨vq‡m Rv`y `viv, Dwm Mvwj‡qb †g Avbv †i nvg‡m Ki bv evnvbvÕ Ñ GB cyi‡bv `v`ivwU cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb me‡k‡l| wMwiRv †`exi m‡½ mv‡iw½‡Z AmvaviY msMZ K‡i‡Qb gyiv` Avjx Lvb| †Mvcvj wg‡kÖi Zejv msMZI wQj Abe`¨| wkíxi m‡½ K‡É mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb myb›`v kg©v, nvi‡gvwbqv‡g wQ‡jb mywgZ wgkÖ| I¯Ív` Avwkm Lvb g‡Â Avmb wb‡qB Rvbv‡jb, Zuvi A‡bKw`‡bi B”Qv wQj evsjv‡`‡k Avmvi| I¯Ív` AvjvDÏxb Luvi †cŠÎ Ges I¯Ív` Avjx AvKei Luvi cyÎ GB wkíxi m‡iv` †kvbvi AvMÖn G‡`‡ki †kÖvZv‡`iI Kg wQj bv| Avwkm Lvb g‡Â D‡V Zuvi m‡iv‡`i m‡½ kã-wbqš¿Y e¨e¯’vi mgš^q mvab Ki‡Z A‡bKÿY mgq wb‡jb| mewKQy wVKVvK nIqvi ci ïiæ Ki‡jb `ievwi-Kvbvovq m‡iv` cwi‡ekb| Avjv‡c wb‡jb `xN©mgq| †kÖvZv‡`i ms‡e`b‡K bvov w`‡jv †mB Avjvc| ev`‡b wZwb wQ‡jb gMœ, †kÖvZviv n‡jb gy»| †Rvo-SvjvqI wkíx Zuvi ˆbcy‡Y¨i cwiPq w`‡jb| Gici Avwkm Lvb evRv‡jb P›`ªb›`b| P›`ªb›`b ivMwU m„wó K‡iwQ‡jb Zuvi wcZv I¯Ív` Avjx AvKei Luv| gvj‡Kvl, P›`ª‡Kvl I b›`‡Kvl Ñ GB wZbwU cÖPwjZ iv‡Mi mgš^‡q m„ó P›`ªb›`b ivMwU †ek kÖæwZmyLKi| Avwkm Lvb cÖ_‡g evRv‡jb wejw¤^Z wÎZv‡j, c‡i †kl Ki‡jb `ªæZ wZbZv‡j| wkíxi me‡kl cwi‡ekbv wQj `v`ivq wgkÖ‰fiex| Zuvi m‡½ Zejv-msMZ K‡i‡Qb cwÐZ weµg †Nvl| Zejvq weµg †Nvl bvbv cixÿv-wbixÿv K‡i _v‡Kb| GB iv‡Zi cwi‡ekbvqI Zuvi cvi½gZv †evSv †M‡Q| Gev‡ii Drm‡e hkiw½ †kvbvi AwfÁZv n‡jv †kÖvZv‡`i| cwÐZ hkivR D™¢vweZ hkiw½‡Z `yRb wkíx `y‡Uv ivM cwi‡ekb K‡ib GKB m‡½| ejv hvq iv‡Mi hyMjew›`| ivM wfbœ n‡jI ew›`k I Zvj GKB iKg n‡q _v‡K| hkiw½i `yRb wkíxi GKRb gwnjv I GKRb cyiæl n‡q _v‡Kb| fviZxq msMx‡Zi g~Qb© v ixwZi wfwˇZB cwi‡ewkZ nq GB ai‡bi msMxZ| hkiw½‡Z `yB wkíxi ¯^i-ˆewkó¨ eRvq _v‡K| gwnjv wkíxi ÔgvÕ¯^iwU cyiæl wkíxi Rb¨ ÔmvÕiƒ‡c MY¨ nq, Avi gwnjv wkíxi ÔcvÕ cyiæl K‡Éi Rb¨ ÔmvÕiƒ‡c we‡eP¨|


hkiw½ cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb Rqcyi-AvZivDwj Nivbvi we`ylx Awk¦bx wf‡` †`kcv‡Ð I †gIqvwZ Nivbvi cwÐZ mÄxe Afq¼i| Guiv `yR‡b cÖ_‡g cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb jwjZ I cywiqv a‡bkÖx iv‡Mi hkiw½| `ywU ivM c~iex Vv‡Ui n‡jI G‡`i cwi‡ekbKvj GK bq| jwjZ †fv‡ii ivM, Ab¨w`‡K cywiqv a‡bkÖx w`‡bi Z…Zxq cÖn‡i †Mq| GB Ae¯’vq `yB iv‡Mi g‡a¨ GKvZ¥Zv m„wó K‡i cwi‡ekb Kiv mnRmva¨ bq, wKš‘ Awk¦bx wf‡` I mÄxe Afq¼i †mB KvR Ki‡jb †hvM¨Zvi m‡½B| Zuviv cÖ_‡g wejw¤^Z j‡q cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb ÔXzbX& bv hvD wKZû û Qyc M¨v‡q K…ògyivwiÕÑ GB ew›`kwU| Zuv‡`i `ªæZ GKZv‡ji ew›`k wQj Ô†g‡i kv‡b k¨vgÕ| c‡i `yMv© iv‡M Awk¦bx I fzcvwj iv‡M mÄxe Afq¼i Avi GKwU hkiw½ cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb| Av×v Zv‡j MxZ GB hkiw½i ew›`k wQj Ô†gviv‡i gvbIqv Zzgnvwi m½ jvMv, wcqviIqv myiRbIqv †gviv c¨vqvivÕ| `ªæZ wZbZv‡ji Zvivbvq wkíxØq Avmi gvwZ‡q †`b| Zuv‡`i m‡½ Zejv msMZ K‡ib AwR¼¨ †hvkx I †ivwnZ gRyg`vi Ges nvi‡gvwbqv‡g mn‡hvwMZv K‡ib wgwj›` KzjKvwb© I Zb¥q †`IPvK| cÖ_g iRbxi †kl wkíx wQ‡jb wewkó †envjvwkíx cwÐZ W. j²xbvivqY Gj myegª vwbqvg| Zuvi wcZv wf j²xbvivqY AvBqvi I gvZv mxZvj²x Ñ `yR‡bB wQ‡jb m¤úbœ msMxZwkíx| Zuvi fvB‡qivI msMxZwkíx wn‡m‡e mgv`„Z| wcZvi Kv‡QB Gj myegª vwbqv‡gi †envjv-PP©v ïiæ| KY©vUwK I cvðvZ¨ Ñ Dfq aviviB wZwb GKRb †hvM¨ †envjvwkíx wn‡m‡e gvb¨| Zuvi †envjv-ev`b m¤ú‡K© Bqywnw` †gbywn‡bi GKwU Dw³ GB cÖm‡½ ¯§iYxq :

I find nothing more inspiring than the music making of my very great colleague Subramaniam. Each time I listen to him, I am carried away in wonderment.

GB gv‡bi GKRb wkíxi Rb¨ †kÖvZviv cÖZxÿv Ki‡eb Ñ GUvB ¯^vfvweK| wkíx cÖ_‡g evRv‡jb P›`ªwcÖq ivM| wZwbB GB ivMwUi mªóv| Gi m„Rb-KvwnwbI †ek PgKcÖ`| GKevi †MŠnvwU‡Z GKwU Abyôvb Ki‡Z wM‡q S‡oi Ke‡j c‡ob| wegvb-ågY wejw¤^Z nq| wKš‘ Abyôvb¯’‡j wM‡q †`‡Lb †kÖvZviv ˆah© a‡i Zuvi A‡cÿv Ki‡Qb| S‡oi ZvЇe we`y¨re¨e¯’v wech©¯|Í wKš‘ Puv‡`i Av‡jvq †Q‡q †M‡Q Pviw`K| †kÖvZv‡`i cÿ †_‡K Aby‡iva G‡jv wn‡›`vj ivM evRv‡Z| wZwb fve‡jb, wn‡›`vj iv‡MB GKUz ˆewPΨ G‡b evRv‡eb| m„ó n‡jv bZzb ivM| Puv‡`i Av‡jvq cÖ_g evwR‡qwQ‡jb e‡j GB iv‡Mi bvg w`‡jb P›`ªwcÖqv| GwU Gj myegª vwbqv‡gi AwZwcÖq GKwU ivM| cÖvq cÖwZwU Abyôv‡bB evwR‡q _v‡Kb| wn‡›`vj iv‡Mi ¯^iweb¨vm †gvUvgywU AbymZ „ nq GB iv‡M| Z‡e GKwU AwZwi³ MvÜvi G‡Z ms‡hvwRZ nq| Gj myegª vwbqvg cÖ_‡g h_vixwZ ïiæ Ki‡jb Avjvcb| Avjvc‡b wn‡›`vj iv‡Mi Aven cvIqv †Mj| Gici Zvb cjøex I K…wZ cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb wbcyY gybw& kqvbvq| wkíx K…wZi K_v D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb eviK‡qK| `wÿYx msMx‡Z K…wZ GKwU we‡kl ev`b‰kjx| m„Rb A‡_© K…wZ kãwU e¨eüZ nq| Gici wkíx cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb ivMgvwjKv| K‡qKwU iv‡Mi ch©vqµwgK cwi‡ekbv‡KB `wÿYx msMx‡Z ivMgvwjKv bv‡g AwfwnZ Kiv nq, wn›`y¯v’ wb msMx‡Zi ivMgvjvi g‡ZvB| Gj myegª vwbqv‡gi †envjv-ev`b AvKl©Yxq n‡q D‡VwQj cwÐZ Zb¥q †ev‡mi Zejv, wU.Gb ivavK…ò‡Yi NUg Ges j²xbvivqY iNybv_‡bi g„`½g msM‡Z| Zuvi †envjv-ev`‡bB †kl nq cÖ_g iRbxi Abyôvb| wØZxq iv‡Zi Abyôv‡b cÖ_‡g g‡Â G‡jb Iwowk b„‡Z¨i wewkó wkíx gvaex gyWMvj I Aviæwk gyWMvj| gvaex fviZxq

msMxZ I b„Z¨PP©vi Aby‡cÖiYv †c‡q‡Qb wcZv webqP›`ª gyWMv‡ji KvQ †_‡K| †Mvovi w`‡K wZwb wk‡LwQ‡jb fiZbvU¨g I KÌK| c‡i Iwowk bv‡Pi MxwZgqZv I m~²Zvq AvK…ó nb wZwb| ¸iæ †KjyPi‡Yi KvQ †_‡K Iwowk bv‡Pi Zvwjg MÖnY K‡ib| Aviæwk gyWMvj gvaexi åvZz®úyÎx I wkl¨v| gvaex gyWMvj cÖ_‡g cwi‡ekb K‡ib bUiv‡Ri Kv‡Q cÖv_©bv-b„Z¨| b„‡Z¨ cvi`wk©ZvcÖZ¨vkx wkíx bUiv‡Ri Kv‡Q cÖv_©bv Ki‡Qb, Zuvi gb †hb gq~‡ii g‡Zv b„Z¨PÂj nq, Zi‡½i g‡Zv Q‡›`vgq nq Zuvi mviv kixi| gvqvai gvbwmsn-iwPZ KweZvi Ici wfwË K‡i Gi b„Z¨iƒc w`‡q‡Qb gvaex| Gici mvnvbv iv‡M GKwU Avn¬v`-b„Z¨ cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb Aviæwk gyWMvj| Rq‡`‡ei MxZ‡Mvwe‡›`i GKwU As‡ki b„Z¨iƒcvq‡Y gvaex wQ‡jb Abe`¨| K…‡òi cÖwZ ivavi wgbwZ, cÖ‡ivPbv I cÖv_©bvi GB b„Z¨iƒc wQj Q‡›`vgq, mvejxj I `„wób›`b| iex›`ªmsMx‡Zi my‡iI b„Z¨ cwi‡ekb K‡ib Zuviv| †k‡l ˆfiex iv‡M GKwU cjøexi b„Z¨iƒc cwi‡ewkZ n‡q‡Q| Gu‡`i m‡½ KÉmsMx‡Z wQ‡jb gwYKzšj Í v †fŠwgK I wÿwZcÖmv` gnvcvÎ| cv‡LvqvR, †mZvi I euvwk‡Z mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb h_vµ‡g wR‡Z›`ªKgz vi †mvqvBb, Bqvi †gvnv¤§` I kÖxwbevm mrcZx| Zejv evwR‡q gy» Ki‡jb †e½j ci¤úivi wkÿv_x© wkíxiv| cwÐZ my‡ik ZvjIqvjKv‡ii cwiPvjbvq Zejv cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb bymivZ-B-Rvnvb Lykey, dvnwg`v AvLZvi, cÂg mvb¨vj, mycvš’ gRyg`vi, wPb¥q †fŠwgK I Gg †R fzeb| D”Pv½msMx‡Zi GB Drm‡e Avgwš¿Z I cÖwZwôZ wkíxivB ïay bb, msMxZ cwi‡ekb K‡i _v‡Kb †e½jmn evsjv‡`‡ki Ab¨vb¨ wkÿvqZ‡bi wkÿv_x©ivI| †e½j dvD‡Ûk‡bi †Pqvig¨vb Rvwb‡q‡Qb, Zuv‡`i D‡Ïk¨ G‡`‡k †hvM¨ D”Pv½msMxZwkíx ˆZwi Kiv| GB D‡Ïk¨ GKw`b mdj n‡e, Zvi Avfvm cvIqv hv‡”Q| evsjv‡`‡ki wcÖqv¼v †MvcI GB iv‡Zi Abyôvb gvwZ‡q w`‡jb| cwÐZ AiæY fv`ywoi †hvM¨ wkl¨v wcÖqv¼v †M‡q †kvbv‡jb ivM ev‡MkÖx| Zuvi PwP©Z K‡É wejw¤^Z I `ªæZ j‡q MvIqv Ô†KŠb

gvaex gyWMvj I Aviæwk gyWMvj

67


MvZv fvBwjÕ ew›`kwU wQj wbLuZ y cwi‡ekbvi wb`k©b| ¸iæ AiæY fv`ywoi ew›`k Ôwcqv bv ey‡S B‡q Kv‡nv evZÕI †M‡q‡Qb PgrKvifv‡e| †k‡l MvB‡jb Ôiwmqv †gv‡n eyjv‡qÕ VzgwiwU| wcÖqv¼v AmvaviY cvi`wk©Zv †`wL‡q‡Qb ivM`vwi, gyowK I gx‡oi Kv‡R| wn›`y¯v’ wb msMx‡Zi cwi‡ekb-†KŠkjI iß K‡i‡Qb †ek fv‡jvfv‡e| wcÖqv¼vi m‡½ Zejv, mv‡iw½ I nvi‡gvwbqv‡g mn‡hvMx wQ‡jb h_vµ‡g Bd‡ZLvi Avjg cÖavb, gyiv` Avjx Lvb I D`q gvjvKvi| ivûj kg©v mš‘‡i evRv‡jb ivM `ievwi| Avjvc, †Rvo I Svjv cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb wbôvi m‡½| Zejvwkíx mZ¨wRr ZvjIqvjKv‡ii m‡½ mvZ gvÎvi iƒcK Zv‡ji †ZnvB wQj g‡bvgy»Ki| wewfbœ Mr cwi‡ekb K‡i †kÖvZv‡`i PgrK…Z Ki‡jb wZwb| GB cÖm‡½ mZ¨wRr ZvjIqvjKv‡ii cvi`wk©Zvi K_vI D‡jøL Ki‡Z nq| `yB wkíxi g‡a¨ mgR`vwi wQj Dc‡fvM Kivi g‡Zv| XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq msMxZ wefv‡Mi †gvnv¤§` †kv‡qe I Zuvi m½xiv `ievwi Kvbvovq GKwU †Lqvj cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb| cwi‡ekbvwUi bvg wQj Ôa¨vbÕ| †gvUvgywU fv‡jvB, Z‡e Zuv‡`i Av‡iv Zvwj‡gi cÖ‡qvRb| Zuv‡`i m‡½ Zejv evRv‡jb Bd‡ZLvi Avjg| cv‡Lvqv‡R my‡lbKzgvi ivq cvi`wk©Zvi cwiPq w`‡q‡Qb| †mwbqv-gvBnvi Nivbvi c~ev© qY P‡Ævcva¨vq evwR‡q †kvbv‡jb ivM †ng-jwjZ| †ngbZ& I jwjZ iv‡Mi wgkÖ‡Y GB ivMwUi mªóv I¯Ív` AvjvDÏxb Luv| †ng‡šÍi dmj KvUvi Ave‡ni m‡½ †fv‡ii jwjZ Avfv‡mi mgš^q mv_©Kfv‡e K‡i‡Qb c~ev© qY| wkíxi ev`‡b wKQyUv bvUKxqZv wQj, GUv Aek¨ Zuvi Ab¨Zg ˆewkó¨| ivM`vwii cÖfveI cvIqv †Mj Zuvi †mZvi-ev`‡b| m‡½ AbyeZ ª P‡Ævcva¨v‡qi Zejv wQj mv_©K Rywo| wejw¤^Z I wZbZv‡ji `ªæZ jq evwR‡q AbyeZ ª Zuvi KzkjZv †`wL‡q‡Qb †ek mvejxjfv‡e| †jvKR my‡i ivMgvjvi we¯Ívi NwU‡q c~ev© qY mgvß Ki‡jb Zuvi Abyôvb|

†e½j ci¤úiv msMxZvj‡qi wkÿv_x©‡`i †mZvi cwi‡ekb

68

Djnvm KkjKi GB Avm‡ii me‡P‡q D‡jøL‡hvM¨ cwi‡ekbv wQj cwÐZ Djnvm KkjK‡ii †Lqvj| Djnvm KkjKi Rqcyi, AvMÖv I †Mvqvwjqi Nivbvi Zvwj‡g mg„× GKRb kxl©¯v’ bxq wkíx| cÖ_‡g Zvwjg wb‡q‡Qb wcZv Gb. wW. KkjK‡ii Kv‡Q, c‡i wk‡L‡Qb cwÐZ ivg gviv‡V I cwÐZ MRbivI †hvkxi KvQ †_‡K| Djnvm †Lqvj cwi‡ekbvq wKQyUv iÿYkxj, ï×Zvi w`‡K Zuvi g‡bv‡hvM


†ewk| PUK`vwi K‡i †kÖvZv g‡bvićbi AwfcÖvqx bb wZwb| wkíx cÖ_‡g cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb GKwU †Rvo-ivM Ñ emšÍ-evnvi| ˆfiex Vv‡Ui GKwU m¤ú~Y© ivM GwU| emšÍ I evnvi iv‡Mi wgkÖ‡Y m„ó GB ivMwU em‡šÍi AvMgbx †kvbvq| ew›`k ïiæ Ki‡jb wejw¤^Z GKZv‡j| c‡i Ô¸›` jvIwi gvjvwbqvÕ cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb `ªæZ wZbZv‡j| Djnvm KkjK‡ii cwi‡ekbvq wQj wbôvi m‡½ mvg‡_©¨i †gjeÜb| GiKg mPivPi †`Lv hvq bv| Zuvi K‡É mvejxj cÖengvbZv Av‡Q| c‡i wZwb †mvnwb iv‡M cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb GKwU bvwZ`xN© †Lqvj| GB ivMwUI Aek¨ mswÿß| we¯Ív‡ii my‡hvM Kg| Djnvm hLb ÔB‡q e‡o †hŠeb gv‡b‡i †Kv‡qwjqvÕ ew›`kwU ïiæ Ki‡jb, ZLb †kÖvZviv iv‡Mi wgó‡Z¡ Ges cwi‡ekbvi KzkjZvq gy» bv n‡q cv‡ibwb| wkíxi m‡½ Zejvq wQ‡jb cwÐZ my‡ik ZvjIqvjKvi| Zuvi ZejvI Q‡›`vgq n‡q D‡VwQj Djnvm KkjK‡ii myjwjZ K‡Éi m‡½| gvBnvi Nivbvi wewkó eskxwkíx iYy gRyg`vi I g¨v‡Ûvwjb wkíx BD iv‡Rk wQ‡jb wØZxq iRbxi †kl wkíx| iYy gRyg`vi msMx‡Z cÖ_g Zvwjg jvf K‡ib wcZv fvby gRyg`v‡ii KvQ †_‡K| cwÐZ j²YcÖmv` RqcyiIqvjvi Kv‡Q wKQzw`b KÉmsMx‡Z cÖwkÿY wb‡q‡Qb| j²YcÖmv‡`i civg‡k©B wZwb eskxev`‡b AvMÖnx n‡q I‡Vb| BD iv‡Rk wcZv cwÐZ BD mZ¨bvivq‡Yi Kv‡Q g¨v‡Ûvwjb evRv‡bv wk‡LwQ‡jb| Zuvi fvB BD kÖxwbevm wQ‡jb wKse`wšÍZj z ¨ g¨v‡Ûvwjb-ev`K| Zuvi AKvjg„Z¨z i ciB iv‡Rk †envjvwkíx wn‡m‡e AvZ¥cÖKvk K‡ib| iYy gRyg`vi wn›`y¯v’ wb msMx‡Zi wkíx, iv‡Rk g¨v‡Ûvwjb evRvb KY©vUwK avivq| GB `yB wkíxi hyM¥ cwi‡ekbv †Kgb n‡e, Zv Rvbvi AvMÖn wQj †kÖvZv‡`i| cÖ_‡g euvwk‡Z ˆfiex Vv‡Ui g½j-ˆfi‡e cÖv_©bvi myi Zzj‡jb iYy gRyg`vi| Zuvi m‡½ `wÿYx ivM Ag„Zewl©Yx‡Z g¨v‡Ûvwjb evRv‡jb BD iv‡Rk| `yRbB Zuv‡`i cwi‡ekbvq gy» K‡i w`‡jb †kÖvZv‡`i| Gici bU‰fiex evwR‡q †kvbv‡jb `yR‡b| Gu‡`i m‡½ cv‡LvqvR I Zejvq msMZ K‡i‡Qb h_vµ‡g cwÐZ Gm. wf. ivgvwY I cwÐZ AwfwRr e‡›`¨vcva¨vq| MZev‡i iYy gRyg`vi GKwU fvwUqvwj †kvbv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb, mgqvfv‡e cv‡ibwb| Gev‡iv mgq wQj bv, Zey Zuvi AvKzwZ‡Z m¤§wZ Rvbv‡jb †e½j dvD‡Ûk‡bi †Pqvig¨vb Aveyj Lv‡qi| iYy euvwk‡Z fvwUqvwji myi Zzj‡ZB †kÖvZv‡`i Djøvm-aŸwb‡Z gyLwiZ n‡jv Abyôvb-cÖv½Y| DjøvmgyLi †kÖvZv‡`i gy» K‡iB euvwkev`b †kl Ki‡jb wkíx| Drm‡ei Z…Zxq iRbx ïiæ n‡jv †e½j ci¤úivi wkÿv_x©‡`i m‡iv` cwi‡ek‡bi ga¨ w`‡q| cwÐZ †Z‡R›`ªbvivqY gRyg`v‡ii cwiPvjbvq wkÿv_x©iv evRv‡jb Kvwd ivM| wewfbœ eq‡mi wkíx‡`i GB cwi‡ekbvq †evSv †Mj D”Pv½msMxZPP©vi bZzb GKwU hy‡Mi m~Pbv n‡Z P‡j‡Q evsjv‡`‡k| cwÐZ †Z‡R›`ª gRyg`viI ej‡jb, GB wkíx‡`i ga¨ †_‡K AvMvgx eQicuv‡P‡Ki g‡a¨ GKRb ev `yRb RvZxq ch©v‡qi m‡ivw`qv ˆZwi n‡eb| KY©vUwK msMx‡Zi wewkó eskxwkíx kkv¼ myeþ ª Y¨b ˆkk‡eB mvov RvwM‡qwQ‡jb| gvÎ Qq eQi eq‡m g‡Â euvwk evwR‡q msMxZweÁ‡`i wew¯§Z K‡iwQ‡jb| wcZv KÉwkíx cwÐZ Avi. †K. kÖxKvšÍ‡bi KvQ †_‡K msMx‡Zi cÖv_wgK wkÿv †c‡q‡Qb| c‡i cwÐZ cvjNvU †K. wf. bvivqY¯^vgxi Kv‡Q Zvwjg wb‡q‡Qb| wn›`y¯v’ wb msMxZ wk‡L‡Qb cwÐZ hkiv‡Ri Kv‡Q| euvwk evRv‡bvi GK bZzb ixwZI D™¢veb K‡i‡Qb wZwb| iß K‡i‡Qb `y‡Uv AK‡U‡f euvwk evRv‡bvi †KŠkj| Zuvi Ici wewewm GKwU cÖvgvY¨wPÎ wbg©vY K‡i‡Q Destination Music bv‡g| euvwk‡Z Zuvi cvi`wk©Zvi cÖgvY cvIqv †Mj Z…Zxq iRbxi Abyôv‡b| kkv¼ cÖ_‡g evRv‡jb c~iex Kj¨vYx ivM| GwU GKwU eµivM|

Gg. Gm. ïfj²x GB iv‡M gxiv Qwe‡Z GKwU Mvb †M‡qwQ‡jb eûKvj Av‡M| †mB Mvb ï‡b bvwK †kÖvZviv AkÖæmRj n‡q DV‡Zb| wn›`y¯v’ wb msMx‡Zi cywiqv Kj¨v‡Yi g‡ZvB c~iex Kj¨vYx| kkv¼ KY©vUwK msMx‡Zi HwZn¨ AbymiY K‡iB cÖ_‡g `xN©ÿY Avjvcb Ki‡jb| Gici Ki‡jb Zvbg I cjøex| Avjvcb I Zvbg wn›`y¯v’ wb msMx‡Zi Avjvc I Zv‡bi `wÿYx bvgvšÍi| cjøex KY©vUwK msMx‡Zi wewkó ixwZ| c`g ev c`, jqg ev jq, web¨vmg ev iv‡Mi web¨vm‰ewPΨ Ñ GB wZb ¯Íi wb‡qB nq cjøex| `wÿYx wkíxiv cjøexi cybive„wË K‡ib msMZKvix ev`K‡K Zv‡ji aviYv †`Iqvi Rb¨| Avjvcb, Zvbg I cjøex Ñ GB wZbwU As‡kB kkv¼ Zuvi eskx‰kjxi Abe`¨ cvi`wk©Zv cÖ`k©b K‡i‡Qb| `y‡Uv AK‡U‡f GKB m‡½ euvwk evRv‡bv KwVb Ñ G-K_v D‡jøL K‡i wZwb Zv-B K‡i †kvbv‡jb Abvqvm mvejxjZvi m‡½| weL¨vZ KY©vUwK aªæc`x Mvb ÔK…òv wb †eÁv‡b ev‡iv, gyLewý †Zv‡ovÕi myi Zzj‡jb euvwk‡Z| Bgb Kj¨vYx iv‡M Kvbvov fvlvi GB MvbwUi iPwqZv e¨vmZx_©| wZbZv‡ji wgkÖ Pvcy‡Z GwU cwi‡ewkZ nq| kkv¼ GB Mv‡bi myi evwR‡q‡Qb †ek Zb¥q n‡q| GKwU Zvwgj †jvKR myi evwR‡q wkíx Zuvi Abyôvb †kl K‡ib| kkv¼i eskxev`‡b †kÖvZviv Z…ß n‡q‡Qb| euvwkev`‡b Zuvi D™¢vebx †KŠk‡j mevB PgrK…Z n‡q‡Qb| `wÿYx msMx‡Z eskxev`‡b MvqwK A‡½i cÖfve A‡bK †ewk| Zv‡ji K‡VviZvI A‡bK| wKš‘ kkv‡¼i Kv‡Q Gme wKQyB evav bq| cÖfv Av‡Î wKivbv Nivbvi cÖwZwôZ wkíx| msMxZmvabvi AvMÖn Zuvi †Zgb wQj bv| AvU eQi eq‡m Zuvi gv Bw›`iv evB Lye Amy¯’ n‡q c‡ob| GKRb eÜz ZLb ej‡jb, D”Pv½msMx‡Zi Zvwjg wb‡j GB Amy¯Z ’ v †K‡U †h‡Z cv‡i| Bw›`iv evB eÜzi civgk©vbyhvqx D”Pv½msMxZ wkL‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| gv‡qi †kLv †mB msMxZ¸‡jv ï‡b-ï‡bB cÖfv Av‡Îi msMx‡Zi cÖwZ AvKl©Y Rb¥vq| wKivbv Nivbvi cÖev`cÖwZg wkíx I¯Ív` Ave`yj Kwig Luvi cyÎ my‡ikevey gv‡b Ges Kb¨v we`ylx nxivevB e‡iv‡`K‡ii KvQ †_‡K Zvwjg wb‡q‡Qb wZwb| Zuvi MvqwK‡Z I¯Ív` Avgxi Luv I I¯Ív` e‡o †Mvjvg Avjx Luvi cÖfveI jÿ¨ Kiv hvq| cÖfv Av‡Î cÖ_‡g cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb k¨vgKj¨vY iv‡M GKwU †Lqvj| Kj¨vY Vv‡Ui Kj¨vY I K‡gv` iv‡Mi wgkÖ‡Y GKwU wgwó ivM GB k¨vgKj¨vY| nxivevB e‡iv‡`K‡ii KvQ †_‡K wKivbv Nivbvi MvqwK †h iß K‡iwQ‡jb cÖfv Av‡Î, †mB cÖfve †evSv †M‡Q Zuvi †Lqv‡j| wkíx cÖ_‡g MvB‡jb wejw¤^Z †Lqvj, c‡i `ªæZ GKZv‡j cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv Zvivbv| Gici gay‡Kvl iv‡M MvB‡jb Av‡iKwU †Lqvj| cÖfv Av‡Î GB iv‡Mi mªóv| gvj‡Kvl iv‡Mi m‡½ GKwU AwZwi³ MvÜvi †hvM K‡i m„wó Kiv n‡q‡Q gay‡Kvl| ï× I †Kvgj Ñ `ywU MvÜviB Av‡Q gay‡Kv‡l| ïiæ‡Z Ô†gvnb k¨vgÕ ew›`kwU MvB‡jb wejw¤^Z GKZv‡j, `ªæZ GKZv‡j MvB‡jb Ôcvi K‡iv †gvwi bvBqv, †n RMr wK bvBqv| wc‡Q fe‡g gu¨v G‡Kwj, †gvnb Zz mnvwqÕ| `ywU iv‡MiB we¯Ív‡i wkíxi Abvqvm cvi`wk©Zv gy» nIqvi g‡Zv, Zv‡bi cÖ`k©‡bI cÖfv Av‡Î †PŠKm| ÔemšÍx Pzbwiqv jvI †gv‡i mvBqvÕ `v`ivwU †kÖvZviv Lye Dc‡fvM K‡i‡Qb| †k‡l cwi‡ewkZ n‡q‡Q GKwU fRb, ÔRMrRbbx feZvwiYx †gvwnbx Zz be`yMv© Õ| diæLvev` Nivbvi Zejvwkíx cwÐZ Awb›`¨ P‡Ævcva¨vq I Zuvi cyÎ AbyeZ ª P‡Ævcva¨vq Ñ `yRbB cwÐZ ÁvbcÖKvk †Nv‡li wkl¨| Awb›`¨ P‡Ævcva¨vq cÖ_‡g jLbD Nivbvi I¯Ív` AvdvK û‡mb Lv‡bi Kv‡Q wKQyw`b Zejvi Zvwjg †bb| c‡i cwÐZ ÁvbcÖKvk †Nv‡li Kv‡Q wk‡L‡Qb cÖvq wZb`kK a‡i| AbyeZ ª P‡Ævcva¨vq cwÐZ ÁvbcÖKvk †Nv‡li me©‡kl wkl¨| c‡i wcZvi Kv‡QB Zvwjg

69


wb‡q‡Qb Zejv ev`‡bi| g‡Â e‡mB Awb›`¨ P‡Ævcva¨vq ej‡jb, PUK`vwi ev PgK †`Lv‡bvB Zejv bq| GB wk‡íi g‡a¨ KweZ¡ Av‡Q| †mwU bv eyS‡j Zewjqv n‡q IVv hvq bv| wcZv-cy‡Îi Zejv-ev`b R‡g D‡VwQj| ixwZ-Abyhvqx cÖ_‡g DVvb I †ckKvi cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv| ÁvbcÖKvk †Nvl iwPZ †ijv evwR‡q †kvbv‡jb AbyeZ ª P‡Ævcva¨vq| Awb›`¨ P‡Ævcva¨vq †kvbv‡jb UzKiv| cvÄvwe Pµ`vi †kvbvi AwfÁZvI n‡jv †kÖvZv‡`i| GB `yB cÖR‡b¥i wkíxi mIqvj-RIqve wQj Dc‡fvM¨| evsjv‡`‡k aªæc‡`i PP©v Lye GKUv nq bv, aªæc` †kvbvi my‡hvMI GLv‡b Kg| †e½j D”Pv½msMxZ Drm‡e Aek¨ cÖwZeviB aªæc` †kvbvi my‡hvM n‡q‡Q| Gev‡ii Abyôv‡b aªæc` cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb cwÐZ D`q fvIqvjKvi| wZwb MZeviI aªæc` cwi‡ekb K‡iwQ‡jb| I¯Ív` wRqv dwi`DÏxb WvMi I I¯Ív` wRqv gwnDÏxb WvM‡ii wkl¨ D`q fvIqvjKvi BwZg‡a¨B aªæcw`qv wn‡m‡e †ek mgv`„Z| wkíx GB iv‡Z cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb Av‡fvMx I mi¯^Zx iv‡M `ywU aªæc`| Av‡fvMx g~jZ `wÿYx ivM| wn›`y¯v’ wb msMx‡ZI GB ivMwU MxZ nq| `ywU ivMB AwZ hZœ I Awfwb‡e‡ki m‡½ cwi‡ekb K‡i‡Qb D`q fvIqvjKvi| Zuvi KÉ kvšÍ RjcÖev‡ni g‡ZvB mvejxj| †ek my‡i wbe× _v‡K Zuvi KÉ| Avjv‡c I we¯Ív‡i iv‡Mi Aven h_vh_fv‡eB dz‡U D‡V‡Q| Zuvi my‡ijv cwi‡ekbvq †kÖvZv‡`i gb f‡i †Mj| Gici g‡Â G‡jb †mZvi-wkíx mÄq e‡›`¨vcva¨vq| wZwb g~jZ cwÐZ ivwaKv‡gvnb ˆg‡Îi wkl¨| †mZvi-ev`‡b wZwb †Kv‡bv we‡kl Nivbvi Abymvix bb| †mwbqv-kvn‡Rnvbcyi, ivgcyi-†mwbqv I G‡Zvqvn Nivbvi ˆewkó¨vewji mgš^q K‡iB wZwb Zuvi ev`b‰kjx ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb| cwÐZ mÄq e‡›`¨vcva¨vq mvnvbv ivM w`‡qB Zuvi Abyôvb ïiæ Ki‡jb| ïiæi Av‡M ej‡jb, Ômvnvbv kãwU G‡m‡Q mynvbv kã †_‡K| mynvbv k‡ãi A_© my›`i, ivMwUI my›`i|Õ Avjvc, †Rvo I Svjv Ñ wZbwU c‡e©B wkíx Zuvi mvg_©¨ †`wL‡q‡Qb| Zuvi ev`‡b wbôv I gMœZv wQj| c‡i evRv‡jb †QvU wKš‘ kÖæwZgayi ivM wcjy| mÄq e‡›`¨vcva¨vq wkíx wn‡m‡e AZ¨šÍ wbôvevb I DuPgz v‡M©i| Zuvi ev`b‰kjx‡Z Zv-B †evSv †Mj| msMxZÁ wn‡m‡eI wZwb mgv`„Z| msMx‡Zi BwZnvm AbymÜvb Ges mvsMxwZK HwZn¨ msiÿ‡YI wZwb wb‡ew`Z| GB iv‡Zi Avm‡ii †kl wkíx wQ‡jb I¯Ív` ivwk` Lvb| jwjZ-ivM w`‡q ïiæ Ki‡jb| ivMwU m¤¢eZ ivwk` Lv‡bi LyeB wcÖq| Zuvi cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ K¨v‡m‡U GB ivMB †M‡q‡Qb wZwb| Gici GB iv‡M †ek K‡qKwU wmwW cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| ivwk` Lvb Zuvi cwi‡ekbvq memgqB m„Rbkxj| GKB iv‡Mi Avjvc-we¯Ív‡i wZwb wewfbœ mg‡q wewfbœ gvÎv †hvM K‡i _v‡Kb| GB iRbxi cwi‡ekbvqI Zvi cwiPq cvIqv †Mj| Avjvc Ki‡jb A‡bK mgq wb‡q| cÖ_‡g wejw¤^Z wZbZv‡j MvB‡jb Ô†fvi wn Av‡q †hvwMqv Zzg AvjL RvMvIÕ ew›`kwU| c‡ii ew›`k ÔKv‡n mIZwbqvÕ cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv `ªæZ wZbZv‡j| ew›`‡ki we¯Ív‡i ivwk` Lvb ˆewPΨ Av‡bb, Gev‡iv ZvB Ki‡jb| gxo-gyowKi Kv‡R wZwb AmvaviY; ivM`vwi I ZvbKvwi‡ZI| Gici wZwb ÔBqv` wcqvwK Av‡qÕ VzgwiwU MvB‡jb| e‡o †Mvjvg Avjx Luvi cwi‡ekbvq weL¨vZ GB VzgwiwU wZwb MZeviI †M‡qwQ‡jb| GwU cÖ_g wZwb cwi‡ekb K‡iwQ‡jb RMwRr wms‡ni ¯§i‡Y Av‡qwRZ GK Abyôv‡b| ivwk` Lvb GB VzgwiwU hLb Mvb, ZLb e‡o †Mvjvg Avjx Luvi m‡½ Zzjbv G‡m hvq| nq‡Zv †kÖvZviv e‡o †Mvjvg Avjx Luvi b÷vjwRqvq AvµvšÍ nb| ivwk` Lvb Zuvi cwi‡ekbvq †kÖvZv‡`i gb fwi‡q †`b| wKš‘ Gevi

70

†Zgb gb fi‡jv bv| Zuvi KvQ †_‡K cÖZ¨vkv †ewk e‡jB wK? PZz_© iv‡Zi ïiæ n‡jv evsjv‡`‡ki b„Z¨wkíx gybgyb Avn‡g‡`i cwiPvjbv I cwi‡ekbvq b„Z¨vbyôvb w`‡q| gybgyb Avn‡g` b„‡Z¨ Zvwjg wb‡q‡Qb I¯Ív` AvRnvi Avjx, cwÐZ ivgwK‡kvi `vm I cwÐZ weiRy gnviv‡Ri Kv‡Q| cÖ_‡g Ki‡jb ¸iæe›`bv| Gici wZbZv‡j K‡qKwU DVvb cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv| GKK I mg‡eZ K‡qKwU †ZnvB cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb gybgyb Avn‡g` I Zuvi wkÿv_x©-wkíxiv| cÖKw… Zi bvbv aŸwb wb‡q iwPZ cÖ`k©b Ki‡jb cviwgjy| wkKvi I wkKvwii AvL¨vb, cv‡Lvqv‡Ri †ev‡j †Uªb Pjvi aŸwb Ñ Gm‡ei b„Z¨iƒc cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv| K̇Ki K‡qKwU aibI cÖ`k©b Ki‡jb gybgyb Avn‡g`| †MŠo gvjnvi iv‡Mi Ô†gvwi MvMwiqv Kv‡n †Kv †dvwo †i k¨vgÕ GB Vzgwii m‡½ gybgyb Avn‡g‡`i b„Z¨wU wQj Dc‡fvM¨| gybgyb Avn‡g‡`i m‡½ Zuvi Kb¨v AcivwRZv gy¯vÍ dv cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb GKwU hyMjb„Z¨| b„Z¨wkíx‡`i m‡½ K‡É mn‡hvwMZv Ki‡jb ZvbwRbv Kwig, Zejv evwR‡q‡Qb myexi VvKzi| euvwk, m‡iv` I Gmªv‡R mn‡hvwMZv Ki‡jb †gvnv¤§` gwbiæ¾vgvb, myb›` gy‡Lvcva¨vq I AwmZ wek¦vm| cwÐZ my‡ik ZvjIqvjKv‡ii my‡hvM¨ wkl¨ bx‡jk iY‡`i Zejv cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb| wZbZv‡j †ckKvi, Kvq`v I †ijv evRv‡jb wkíx| I¯Ív` Avjøv ivLv-iwPZ GKwU †evjI evRv‡jb bx‡jk iY‡`e| Zuvi m‡½ nvi‡gvwbqvg msMZ K‡i‡Qb wgwj›` KzjKvwb©| wkíxi nvi‡gvwbqvg-ev`b †ek my‡ijv| wKivbv Nivbvi RqZx_© †gDwšÍ ï×Kj¨vY iv‡M GKwU †Lqvj cwi‡ekb K‡i †kÖvZv‡`i Pg‡K w`‡jb| eZ©gv‡b wKivbv Nivbvi GKRb cÖwZwôZ wkíx RqZx_©| cwÐZ fxg‡mb †hvkxi wkl¨ cwÐZ kÖxcwZ c`M‡ii Kv‡Q Zvwjg cvIqv GB wkíx wKivbv Nivbvi me mvsMxwZK ˆewkó¨ AR©b K‡i‡Qb| cwÐZ fxg‡mb Zuv‡K we‡klfv‡e cÖfvweZ K‡i‡Qb; Ab¨ Nivbvi wewkó ¸iæ‡`iI MvqwK AbymiY K‡i n‡q D‡V‡Qb m¤úbœ wkíx| ï×Kj¨v‡Yi cwi‡ekbvq RqZx_© wQ‡jb wbLuZ y I m„Rbkxj| ¯^‡ii Awfe¨w³‡Z MfxiZv m„wó wKivbv Nivbvi Ab¨Zg ˆewkó¨| wkíx †mB ˆewk‡ó¨i cÖwZ mywePvi K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi cvi`wk©Zv Zvb we¯Ív‡i, †giæLÛ Zv‡bi me c‡e©B wZwb ¯^”Q›`| B‡›`vi Nivbvi I¯Ív` Avwgi Luvi cÖfv‡e wZwb Zv‡b GB mvg_©¨ AR©‡bi mvabv K‡i‡Qb| †evj-Zvb I †evj-Avjv‡cI †ek †hvM¨Zvi cwiPq w`‡q‡Qb wkíx| MgK, gx‡oi Kv‡RI wZwb AmvaviY| cÖ_‡g ÔZzg webv †KŠb Lewiqv‡iÕ ew›`kwU MvB‡jb wejw¤^Z j‡q, c‡i `ªæZ j‡q cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb Ôev‡Rv †i ev‡RvÕ| †kl Ki‡jb Ôev‡R gyiwjqv ev‡R †iÕ fRbwU †M‡q| wkíxi KÉ mvejxj I cÖengvb| Gev‡ii Drm‡e †kÖvZviv Av‡iv GKRb cÖwZfvevb wkíxi msMxZ †kvbvi AwfÁZv AR©b Ki‡jb| GBRb¨ Drm‡ei Av‡qvRKMY ab¨ev`vn©| wkíxi m‡½ nvi‡gvwbqv‡g msMZ K‡i‡Qb wgwj›` KzjKvwb©, Zejv I Zvbcyivq wQ‡jb AwR¼¨ †hvkx I D¾¡j Kzgvi gvjvKvi| cwÐZ †hv‡Mk kvgwm I cwÐZ ïf¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi Zejv cwi‡ekbv wQj GB iv‡Zi Ab¨Zg AvKl©Y| cÖ_‡g Zuviv wZbZv‡j GKwU hyMjew›` evRv‡jb| Gici I¯Ív` †KivgZ Djøvn Lv‡bi GKwU Kvq`v †kvbv‡jb †hv‡Mk kvgwm, I¯Ív` Avjøv ivLvi GKwU Kvq`v-we¯Ívi cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb ïf¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq| GKwU cÖPwjZ Kvq`v evwR‡q †kvbv‡jb Df‡q| AvR‡iiv, †ijv, Pµ`vi, †e`g Pµ`vi cwi‡ekb K‡i Zejv-ev`‡bi wewfbœ iƒc I Avw½K Dc¯’vcb K‡i m‡½ †kÖvZv‡`i gvwZ‡q w`‡jb GB `yB wkíx| Zuv‡`i m‡½ nvi‡gvwbqv‡g mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb cwÐZ ARq †hv‡MjKvi|


cÖfv Av‡Î iÄbx evjvmyeþ ª Y¨b I MvqÎx evjvmyey þ ª Y¨b Ñ KY©vUwK msMx‡Zi GB `yB †evb †kÖvZv‡`i Awff‚Z Ki‡jb Zuv‡`i KÉmylgvq| `yB †evbB msMxZvPvh© wU. Gb. K…ò¯^vgxi KvQ †_‡K †envjvq Zvwjg wb‡q AvšÍRv© wZK gv‡bi †envjvwkíx wn‡m‡e cÖwZôv jvf K‡ib| msMxZKjv-AvPvh© bvivqY¯^vgx Zuv‡`i KÉmvg‡_©¨i cwiPq †c‡q KÉmsMxZ-mvabvq AbycvÖ wYZ K‡ib| Gici †_‡K Zuviv †envjv †Q‡o KÉmsMxZ cwi‡ekb K‡i Avm‡Qb| BDwUD‡e `yB †ev‡bi cwi‡ekbv ï‡b gy» n‡q cwÐZ iwek¼i GKevi Zuv‡`i Avgš¿Y Rvwb‡qwQ‡jb msMxZ †kvbv‡bvi Rb¨| Drm‡e cÖ_‡g Zuviv mi¯^Zxe›`bv Ki‡jb| QqgvÎvq cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb cwÐZ Z¨vMivRv-iwPZ ew›`k Ôe›`bv wkebvbxÕ| Gici cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv gyLvwi iv‡M ÔwgjvKÉ wkegÕ| Mvfxi m‡½ evQy‡ii m¤ú‡K©i iƒc‡K cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv AvZ¥v-cigvZ¥vi m¤ú‡K©i inm¨| GB c„w_ex‡Z eû-wewPÎ e¯‘ _ vK‡jI Zv‡`i AvZ¥v GKB Ñ GB `k©‡biB cÖwZdjb NUj Zuv‡`i GB cwi‡ekbvq| cvw_©e m¤ú` †Q‡o Ck¦‡ii m‡½ GKvZ¥ nIqvi mvabvq †h AvKzwZ I cÖv_©bv †kvbv hvq, ZviB Awfe¨w³ cvIqv †Mj iÄbx I MvqÎxi msMxZ-wb‡e`‡b| AvUgvÎvi Avw` Zv‡j GKwU cjøex †kvbv‡jb †ek KzkjZvi m‡½| GKwU ivMgvwjKvI cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv| Av‡fvMx, KjveZx I g~Qb© vi mgš^‡q GB ivMgvwjKvwU wQj †ek kÖæwZmyLKi| wkíxØq gviæ‡envM iv‡M GKwU gvivwV Af½ ïwb‡q †kl Ki‡jb Zuv‡`i Abyôvb| iÄbx I MvqÎxi m‡½ †envjv evRv‡jb PviægZx iNyivgvY, g„`½g I NU‡g msMZ K‡i‡Qb h_vµ‡g †K. mvB wMwiavix I P›`ª‡kLi kg©v| gvBnvi Nivbvi cwÐZ †Z‡R›`ªbvivqY gRyg`vi m‡iv‡` evRv‡jb ivM ¸wÄKvbvov| Avjvc, †Rvo I Svjvq wkíx wQ‡jb ¯^”Q›`| cwÐZ †hv‡Mk kvgwmi Zejv wQj m‡iv‡`i m½x| †hv‡Mk kvgwm Mr I †ZnvB cwi‡ekb K‡i‡Qb †hvM¨Zvi m‡½| gxo, MgK I gyiwKi cwi‡ekbvI wQj Abe`¨| †Z‡R›`ªbvivqY c‡i

†hvwMqv-Kvwjw›` evwR‡q †kvbvb| GB iv‡Zi Abyôv‡bi †kl wkíx wQ‡jb cwÐZ ARq PµeZx©| wejvmLvwb †Uvwo iv‡M wZwb cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb GKwU †Lqvj| Gi ew›`k ÔwbwK evYx evbnvÕ †M‡q‡Qb my‡ijv K‡É| Mg‡Ki Kv‡R cwÐZ ARq PµeZx© †ek ¯^”Q›`| Zvi cwiPq cvIqv †Mj GB cwi‡ekbvqI| miMg, †evj-Zv‡b wQj AmvaviY ˆbcyY¨| `ªæZ wZbZv‡ji ew›`k Ôeuvwkqv ev‡R †gvnb k¨vg wKÕ cwi‡ek‡bi mgq wkíx wQ‡jb A‡bKUv wbgMœ Ges Zuvi ¯^fveg‡ZvB ¯^”Q›` I wPËvKl©K| ARq PµeZx© Zuvi msMxZRxe‡bi cwiYZ eq‡m cwÐZ evjgyivwj K…‡òi Kv‡Q Zvwjg wbw”Q‡jb| evjgyivwj m`¨cÖqvZ| GB cÖev`cÖwZg wkíxi GKwU wZjøvbv cwi‡ekb K‡i ARq PµeZx© ¸iæi cÖwZkÖ×v wb‡e`b Ki‡jb| wZjøvbvwU MxZ n‡q‡Q KzšjÍ eivwj iv‡M| PZz_© iv‡Zi Abyôvb †kl n‡jv ˆfiex iv‡M ARq PµeZx©i Ô¸iæ †`eg, fR‡i fR‡i ¸iæ wK bvgÕ fR‡bi cwi‡ekbv w`‡q| wkíxi m‡½ KÉmn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb †`ekÖx fÆvPvh©; Zejv I nvi‡gvwbqv‡g wQ‡jb †mŠ‡gb miKvi I ARq †hv‡MjKvi| Drm‡ei cÂg I †kl iRbx‡Z †e½j ci¤úivi wkíx‡`i mg‡eZ †mZvi cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb cwÐZ Kzkj `v‡ki cwiPvjbvq| GBme wkÿv_x©-wkíxi †mZvi-ev`‡b bwewk Qvc Av‡Q| GUv ¯^vfvweK| Z‡e Avkv Kiv hvq ax‡i-ax‡i †hvM¨ ¸iæi Kv‡Q †iqvR K‡i GKw`b GB wkíxiv cwiYZ n‡q DV‡eb| msMxZmvabvi c_ †ek `xN©| GB Dcjwä wb‡q mvabviZ _vK‡j dj cvIqv hv‡eB| Gici g‡Â G‡jb cwÐZ wkeKzgvi kg©v| wZwb cÖwZeviB G‡m‡Qb GB msMxZ-Drm‡e Ges Zuvi mš‘i ev`‡b gy» K‡i‡Qb msMxZv‡gv`x‡`i| Gev‡ii Avm‡i cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb †hvM ivM| Avjvc, †Rvo I Svjvq ¯^‡ii my‡ijv web¨vm wkíxi ˆewkó¨| my‡ii m‡½ Zv‡ji †gje܇bI wkeKzgvi †ek g‡bv‡hvMx I mZK©| iƒcK Zv‡j †hvM¨Zvi m‡½ msMZ K‡i‡Qb cwÐZ †hv‡Mk kvgwm| wkeKzgv‡ii mš‘i-ev`b Av‡eMNb I AšÍ‡f©`x|

71


gybgyb Avn‡g` I mnwkíxe„›` wKivbv Nivbvi Kzgvi gvi`yi †M‡q †kvbvb Ômyai †Zvwi iƒc gv‡bv wb, Kn †` eªþv Kn †` weòzÕ| wkíx Zv‡b cvi`kx©, Zv‡bi mg‡q Mg‡Ki Kv‡R mv_©K| Zuvi `ªæZ wZbZv‡ji Zvivbv cwi‡ekb wQj g‡bvgy»Ki| wkíx Kex‡ii ÔfRb webv weZ M¨v‡q w`bÕ fRbwU MvB‡jb †ek `i‡`i m‡½| †e½j D”Pv½msMxZ Drm‡ei AvbyôvwbK mgvwß †NvlYv n‡jv GBiv‡Z| mgvcbx Abyôv‡b mfvcwZZ¡ K‡i‡Qb G‡gwiUvm Aa¨vcK Avwbmy¾vgvb, cÖavb AwZw_ wQ‡jb m¨vi dR‡j nvmvb Av‡e`| XvKv `wÿ‡Yi †gqi mvC` †LvKb, XvKv Dˇii †gqi Avwbmyj nK Ges ¯‹qvi Uq‡jwUª‡Ri g¨v‡bwRs WvB‡i±i AÄb †PŠayix Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb| †e½j dvD‡Ûk‡bi †Pqvig¨vb Aveyj Lv‡qi mevi cÖwZ ab¨ev` Ávcb Ki‡jb, †NvlYv Ki‡jb, AvMvgx Rvbyqvwi‡Z XvKv †÷wWqv‡g AbywôZ n‡e mywd msMxZ-Drme| mgvcbx Abyôv‡bi ci †mZvi cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb gvBnvi Nivbvi cwÐZ Kzkj `vk| msMx‡Zi aviv wQj Zuvi es‡k| wcZvgn wegjP›`ª `vk GmªvR evRv‡Zb| wcZv ˆk‡jb `vk cwÐZ iwek¼‡ii wkl¨ wQ‡jb| Kzkj `vk †KŠwk-Kvbvov cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb cÖ_‡g wejw¤^Z I c‡i `ªæZ wZbZv‡j| h_vixwZ Avjvc, †Rvo I Svjv evRv‡jb †ek †hvM¨Zvi m‡½| †KŠwk-Kvbvov ivMwU †ek kÖæwZgayi| iv‡Mi GB gvayh© cvIqv †Mj wkíxi ev`‡b| Zuvi m‡½ Zejv msMZ K‡i‡Qb cwÐZ ïf¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq| Gev‡ii Drm‡e wKivbv Nivbvi cÖvavb¨ wQj| Abyôv‡bi †kl iv‡ZI wKivbv Nivbvi Av‡iK wkíxiv Ñ AviwZ A¼wjKv‡ii Ñ †Lqvj †kvbvi my‡hvM n‡jv| wK‡kvix AvgvbKv‡ii wkl¨v| wZwb cwi‡ekb Ki‡jb †hvM‡Kvl iv‡M GKwU †Lqvj| wÎZv‡j ÔI my›`i ewo bvg, cxi eivwq Rv‡b †bwn evjgIqvÕ ew›`kwU †kvbv‡jb LyeB wbôvi m‡½| MvqwK‡Z cÖfv Av‡Îi Qvqv Av‡Q| †Lqv‡ji ci †kvbv‡jb ÔmvRbIqv K¨vq‡m g¨v AvD †Zv‡i cvmÕ VzgwiwU| wkíxi m‡½ Zejv I nvi‡gvwbqv‡g msMZ K‡i‡Qb †ivwnZ gRyg`vi I wgwj›` KzjKvwb©|

72

Drm‡ei †kl wkíx wQ‡jb cwÐZ nwicÖmv` †PŠivwmqv| eiveiB ZvB n‡q _v‡K| GB iv‡Z †kÖvZvi Dcw¯’wZ wQj me©vwaK| g~j Abyôvb¯’‡ji evB‡i, Db¥y³ AvKv‡ki wb‡P, wkwki‡fRv Nv‡mi Ici e‡m Abyôvb ï‡b‡Qb A‡b‡KB| GB wb‡q Kv‡iv †Kv‡bv Awf‡hvMAby‡hvM wQj bv| †kÖvZv‡`i GB msMxZwbôv †`‡L wew¯§Z n‡Z nq| nq‡Zv cwÐZ †PŠivwmqvi euvwki Uv‡bB mevB G‡mwQ‡jb| cwÐZ nwicÖmv` †PŠivwmqv cÖ_‡g †kvbv‡jb GKwU weijivM cÖfvZx| nwicÖmv‡`i euvwk‡Z gy» bv n‡q Dcvq †bB| iƒcK Zv‡j cÖfvZx iv‡Mi Aven †Q‡q hvw”Qj Pviw`‡K, ZLb cÖfvZ n‡ZI †ewk †`wi †bB| Gici evRv‡jb Av‡iKwU weij ivM R‡qZ| DuPgz v‡ci wkíx‡`i cwi‡ekbv †kvbvi GB GK eo cvIqv| A‡bK AcÖPwjZ ev ¯^ícÖPwjZ ivM †kvbv hvq| R‡qZ ivMwU cwi‡ewkZ n‡jv wZbZv‡j| wkíxi m‡½ euvwk‡Z mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb †`ewcÖq iY‡`e I we‡eK †mvbvi, Zejvq msMZ K‡i‡Qb cwÐZ ïf¼i e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, cv‡LvqvR evwR‡q‡Qb cwÐZ fevbxksKi| euvwk, Zejv I cv‡Lvqv‡Ri mIqvj-RIqve wQj AmvaviY| cwÐZ †PŠivwmqv hLb †kl Ki‡jb, ZL‡bv †kÖvZv‡`i gb f‡iwb| Av‡iv evRv‡bvi `vwe DVj| cwÐZ †PŠivwmqv ej‡jb, ÔAvwg mvivw`b evRv‡Z cvwi| wKš‘ Avgvi mvg‡b GKwU Nwo Av‡Q| Avwg Amnvq|Õ †kl ch©šÍ AZ…wß wb‡qB wdi‡Z n‡jv mevB‡K| GB AZ…wß wb‡qB cÖZxÿv Ki‡Z n‡e Av‡iv GKeQi| †e½j D”Pv½msMxZ Drm‡ei cÂg Awa‡ekb mgvß n‡jv mvd‡j¨i m‡½| cuvP eQi a‡i GB Drme mv_©Kfv‡e Pjvi d‡j GLb †ek cÖZ¨‡qi m‡½B ejv hvq, evsjv‡`‡k msMxZwccvmyi Afve †bB| GB wccvmyiv ax‡i-ax‡i †ev×v n‡q DV‡eb| evsjv‡`‡k msMxZPP©v, mvabv I Dc‡fv‡Mi bZzb hy‡Mi m~Pbv n‡”Q| msMxZPP©vi gva¨‡g G‡`‡ki gvbyl cwikxj‡bi bZzb ¯Í‡i DbœxZ n‡e| †e½j D”Pv½msMxZ Drme AvR ms¯‹…wZ‡cÖgx‡`i gnvwgjb‡gjvq cwiYZ n‡q‡Q| G‡`‡k mvs¯‹…wZK DÌv‡bi AvMgbx-msMxZ †kvbv hv‡”Q| r


wkíB †Zv w`‡Z cv‡i cweÎ gy‡Lvcva¨vq

wkí †Zv Av‡ivM¨, `y¯’ `ye©n Rxe‡b †`q G‡b AwewgkÖ Avb‡›`i Abyfe; me k~b¨Zvi mgvwaf‚wg‡Z †m †Zv Rj Xv‡j, †dvUvq Kiex, m~h©gyLx, i³Rev, dzwUdvUv †ÿ‡Z †m †Zv k‡m¨i AwgZ m¤¢vebv †X‡j †`q, ¯^cœexR ey‡b P‡j wbõjv gvwU‡Z, ï‡l wb‡Z _v‡K N„Yv, †Øl I wnsmvi wng‡mªvZ| Avwg KweZvi gvqv-e›`‡ii mÜv‡b K‡cvZ, DowQ, wekÖvgnxb, ÿzavZ© GKwU cÖvY, i‡mi mÜv‡b, †mB im KweZv I wPÎKjv, msMxZ mvwnZ¨ ïay w`‡Z cv‡i; Kxfv‡e †m †`q, †m-B Rv‡b|

AjsKiY : me¨mvPx nvRiv

†h-wk‡íi ¯úk© †c‡q cvcwo †g‡j bv Kzuwo ey‡Ki A›`‡i; iæ× evZv‡mi `gKv nvIqv G‡m Ly‡j †`q bv Rvbvjv, `‡ivRv, GKvZ¥ nq bv ÿz`ª Rxe‡bi m‡½ IB wbivKvi AvKv‡ki gnvb we¯Ívi; †h-wkí cv‡i bv w`‡Z kvwšÍ I mvšÍ¡bv, †m †Zv cv‡i bv †dvUv‡Z g‡b AgøvbKzmyg|

73


GwjwR : me¨mvPxi Rb¨ dviæK AvjgMxi GK

ga¨-†cŠ‡li mܨvq †Lvjv AvKv‡ki wb‡P e‡mwQj Drme †Zvgvi Rb¥w`‡bi KweZv cwil‡`i Kweiv QvovI wQ‡jv A‡bK ïfv_x© hviv ïb‡e †Zvgvi K_v †Kvgj-KwVb wcÖq evsjv‡`‡ki KvjcwÄ AkxwZ-e‡l©i †hb GB c`hvÎvi ïgvwi! †Zvgvi `xN©-fvl‡Y D‡V Av‡m †`k-Kvj gvbehvÎvi bvbv eY©gq w`‡bi Kvwnwb nvRvi `k-k‡ãi Kj‡iv‡j Kuv‡c kvnevM Rj`M¤¢xi ¯^‡i RvMvI evsjvi BwZnvm †MŠiegq hy‡×i w`b¸wj wecbœ gvbyl `k-nvRvi kãiv Lyu‡R †bq evsjvi g„wËKv †¯œnRj myevZvm wcZ…cyiæ‡li fv‡jvevmv †Zvgvi Kɯ^‡ii m‡½ Li‡mªvZv nq †ZikZ b`x, KjKj K‡i Avav‡Kvkv bv‡gi AÁvZbvgv b`xwU, †h wQ‡jv ïay †Zvgvi ey‡Ki g‡a¨, R‡jk¦ixi g‡Zvb g‡bvf‚wg ¯^”Q nq w`M‡šÍi †KvjRy‡o hv-wKbv iv‡gi Rb¥f‚wg A‡hva¨vi †P‡q mZ¨ †R‡bQ, A`¨wc AvRb¥ fv‡jvevmvq KÉ wQu‡o †ei n‡q Av‡m RqZz R‡jk¦ixi Rq! 74

`yB

dz‡ji ï‡f”Qv Wvwj mvRv‡q g‡Âi c‡i mevi Avb‡›` by‡q c‡o Zvgvg AvKvk KiZvwj †`q KZRb iv‡L nvZ nv‡Zi cÕ‡i hw`I bv‡gwb wng Avi †cŠ‡li evZvm †`vnvB _vgyb m‡e Kwe‡K ej‡Z w`b dz‡ji †emvwZ K‡i G‡b‡Qb ïay dzj Rxeb Dovqv K‡i whwb g„Zz¨ Agwjb Zuv‡K wK gvbvq dzj iRbxMÜv eKzj ZvB †Zv G‡bwQ m‡½ KweZv Rb¥w`‡bi GKLvwb c`¨ j‡q Ô†R‡M AvwQÕ G‡Mvevi KZ ïK-mvwi eK kvwjK nvRv‡iv iK‡gi Kwe‡K wN‡i‡Q a‡i a‡bk WvûK †eïgvi b`xi †mvcv‡b ïwb AvPvbK cix‡`i ¯^i Rj Kuv‡c Qvqv Kuv‡c civ‡Yi Mnxb wfZi!


†`Lv

Zvbfxi †gvKv‡¤§j KZ Kx †`Lwb Zzwg †`‡LQ Kx Px‡bi cÖvPxi e¨vwej‡bi k~b¨ D`¨vb gvqv mf¨Zv? me mf¨ZvB gvqv hw` bv Zv‡Z myß _v‡K m„wói cÖvY‡fvgiv Avi cuvwPj ïay wefw³B Av‡b D`¨vb k~‡b¨ bq PvB me gvby‡li ü`&evMv‡b; †`‡LQ wK `ywf©ÿ welv` Rxeb Ggwb‡ZB

`v½v

†`kZ¨vMxi Aemv`?

†`L‡Z PvB bv Avwg †dmeyK m‡Ë¡I eoB we¯^v`;

Avwg †`‡LwQ ¯‹jz ‡div evwjKvi mij ¯^Mx©q nvwm wecixZ wenv‡i ivav Kxfv‡e Pzwi K‡i K…‡òi †gvnbeuvwk †`‡LwQ ciKxqv‡k‡l kÖvšÍ Zey Kx wbcyY `ÿZvq `jvgjv weQvbv †MvQvq M„nea~; Av‡iv †`‡LwQ

bqbZvivi KiæY wemR©b Ckv‡b S‡icov KuvVvjcvZvi g‡Zv AmsL¨ Ac~Y© Rxeb †`‡LwQ De©kx-Eiæ †iv‡M ÿq nq Afv‡ei ARM‡i evj‡Ki B‡”QNywoi gwjb civRq; †`‡LQ

†dvUvi Av‡MB

wK wf‡±vwiqv RjcÖcvZ my‡giæi †k¦ZfjøyK meRvšÍv m½x `vwe Rvbvq;

wf‡±vwiqv †m †Zv †KejB R‡ji aviv RjB Rxeb Zey Zv‡Z Kv`w¤^bx nviv Avi mv`vKv‡jv †Kv‡bv fvjy‡KB cÖ‡qvRb †bB Avgvi gvby‡li wnsmªZv †h Zvi †P‡q †ewk †`‡LwQ ZvÕ A‡bKevi †R‡bwQ Rxeb GK g„Zz¨i Qvqv‡Niv

gvqvb`x ÿwY‡Ki †Ljv welYœ GK eUZ‡j ˆekvwL †gjv;

hv N‡U‡Q †`‡LwQ ZvÕ hv NU‡e ZvI hy‡M hy‡M †`‡LwQ ev”Pv‡q mvKvI; Kwe‡K †Zv meB †`L‡Z nq mf¨Zvi Rb¥g„Zz¨ gvby‡li wek¦vm-Awek¦vm †hgbwU †`‡LwQj AÜ Uvqviwmqvm; Avgv‡K ïay ¯úk© Ki †n AwPb mviw_ Avgvi nv‡Z nvZ †QuvqvI Zvn‡jB †`Le Avwg K…‡òi gyLMnŸ‡i ïay m„wói inm¨K_v bq †`Le gvbeZvi euvPvi AvwZ©i †kl evZ©vI \ 75


k~b¨ myiwRr `vk¸ß

myL Avi Amy‡Li Mí

†mB GK k~b¨ w`‡q gnvwek¦ i‡q‡Q Av”Qbœ, `„wónxb ewai †m, †bB †eva A_ev †PZbv, hw`I mg¯Í wKQy Zvi †_‡K n‡q‡Q Drcbœ wb¼vi‡Y, wZ‡j wZ‡j, †hb GK gnvcÖZviYv|

¯^vZx PµeZx©

Zey †mB k~b¨ mZ¨ †h-mZ¨ A‡Áq wPiKvj, Rvbvi †Póvq hv‡K Kv‡U KZ wedj Rxeb, k~b¨ ïay †e‡o hvq, †e‡o hvq Zvi AšÍR©vj, k~b¨ Av‡iv Rb¥ †bq ey‡Ki †fZ‡i m‡½vcb| ey‡Ki †fZ‡i k~b¨ nvnv K‡i, †bB †Kv‡bv iƒc, †bB †Kv‡bv eY©, †bB ivwÎw`b-m~h©-MÖn-Zviv, k~‡b¨i Dcgv k~b¨, k~b¨ ïay k~‡b¨i ¯^iƒc Rb¥-g„Zz¨-B”Qv-fq meB k~b¨e¨vcx k~‡b¨ nviv| Av‡M c‡i wKQy †bB, k~b¨ _v‡K Aÿq AÿzYœ, k~‡b¨iB cybive„wË AcÖwZg Abv`¨šÍ k~b¨ \ 76

myLx ivRcyÎ Zzwg, AZ DuPz †_‡K `ytL †`L‡Z †c‡j, Riv e¨vwa g„Zz¨i †Qvej wKQy‡ZB Gov‡bv †Mj bv? †evwa`ªg NyY‡cvKv, †Zvgvi ürwcÐ c‡o RÄv‡ji ¯Í‚‡c| Zzwg wK Rvb‡Z bv meB ¯^vfvweK, GZ ¯^vfvweK? GBme ÿzav, gvix kx‡Zi Lvevi Romo Aw¯Í‡Z¡i fvi, Av‡kcv‡k Abvwej wbcyY Av‡jvKm¾v MYZš¿ AvOz‡ji Kvwj| G‡Z wKQy cvc †bB, cvc Av‡Q †Zvgvi Pz¤^‡b, †Zvgvi †Vuv‡Ui ¯ú‡k© AeviY †Pv‡Li R‡ji gwngvq µgk Abve„Z n‡Z n‡Z S‡i †Mj †mvbv`vbv HK¨ evK¨ gvwYK¨ hv wQj| Gici ïay Zzwg, AiwÿZ weMZevÜe, Zey fvjevmvUzKz †ec‡ivqv wkLv n‡q R¡‡j †Mj †klZg Av`‡ii Avi³ mšÍvcwe›`y GL‡bv fv¯^i|


wZbwU KweZv

c_

†MŠZg gÐj

c‡_i cv‡k G‡m c_ n‡q ewm †`wL, c‡_i bxwjgvq D‡o hvq PÂj cvwL Zvi Wvbvi mvgvb¨ Av‡›`vj‡bI †XD I‡V †XD Qwo‡q c‡o wbR©b c‡_i cÖwZwU euv‡K

mvbvB Avgvi cÖwZwU civRq †_‡K †ivR †iv` S‡i Avi Zzwg †iv` cvi n‡q P‡j hvI Qvqvgq †`‡k †mB †`k, †hLv‡b mvwi mvwi SvDMvQ †R‡M _v‡K e„wói A‡cÿvq Avi Avengv‡bi my‡i AcwiwPZ AÜKv‡i evR‡ZB _v‡K welYœ ivwÎi mvbvB

ay‡jv‡iLvq

Qvqv Avgvi Qvqv AvR Avgv‡KB cvnviv †`q m~h© A¯Í †M‡jI †m Avgvi ey‡K †P‡c e‡m _v‡K Avwg hLb NygvB, Nywg‡q Nywg‡q ¯^cœ †`wL ZL‡bv †m Avgvi Ny‡gi wfZi nvbv †`q `yg‡o-gyP‡o hvq ey‡Ki wniY¨Rj 77


bv-ejv B‡”Q¸‡jv AY©e fÆvPvh©¨ GKw`b wnggvLv mKv‡j K‡qKwU DošÍ cvwLi †Vuv‡U K‡i e‡q Avbv Kvkdzj R‡ov K‡i Avðh© GK †Mvj‡Ki Rb¥ w`‡Z †P‡qwQjvg d¨vKv‡k Puv` nuvcvwb m~h© Avi A¯^vfvweK ü`‡iv‡M AvµvšÍ e„× Zviv¸wj‡K gvQ aivi Rvj w`‡q GK SU&Kvq Avwg bvwg‡q Avb‡Z cvwiwb

GwjwR

e¨vO kvgyK mvc †LuvPo M‡f© _vKv wkï Lwb‡Z bvgv kÖwgK i³v³ wcÖqZgv Avi k¨vIjv-LvIqv iwOb Rvgvciv gvQ¸‡jv‡K GK bZzb B‡”Q Rvbvevi Av‡MB

gaykxÖ †mb mvb¨vj

Avgvi wbi¯¿ A_P wbfx©K KweZv¸‡jv `y`©všÍ †Kv‡bv †ZRw¯Œq c`v‡_©i Avµg‡Y

†kv‡Ki IgUzKz †k‡l GZKvj ci cv_i mivq ey‡K me `vq fz‡j wbgZjv Nv‡Ui Rj wcZ…FY Qyu‡q welYœ Kvjwk‡U bxj Aÿi mvRvq...

`vD `vD K‡i R¡j‡Q| 78

wcÖq gyL, †mB ¯^i AbšÍ wekÖv‡g †e`bv wenŸj Puv` ¯§„wZwPý fv‡O we`y¨r-Pzwjøi †auvqv... QvqvgyL Kuv‡c eQiLv‡bK nj `xN© `»‡iLv


ï°zi cvMjvi A‡bK¸‡jv Nwo kvgmyj d‡qR ï°zi cvMjvi `yB nv‡Z Ñ gnvwe‡k¦i A‡bK¸‡jv Nwo|

†Zvgv‡K w`jxc wKËz©wbqv †Zvgv‡K RvwM Ñ Zzwg Avgvi Kv‡Q fxlY e‡ov GKUv ivwÎ| †Zvgv‡K †`wL Ñ Zzwg Avgvi Kv‡Q fxlY e‡ov GKUv `„k¨vewj e‡ov GKUv cvnvo| †Zvgv‡K fvwe Ñ b`xi mgvb mvM‡ii mgvb| Avwg PvB bv †Zvgv‡K wb‡q †nvK Acgvb| Avgvi g‡b hZUv fvebv Nbvqgvb Avgvi Kj‡g †jLv hZ¸wj KweZvi fvlv me cÖksmvq †Zvgvi| Avwg GBUzKz wbwð‡šÍ Rvwb Zzwg Avgvi!

ï°zi cvMjvi GKwU Nwo‡Z _g‡K Av‡Q GB `ywbqvi NÈv-wgwbU-†m‡K‡Ûi KuvUv| ï°zi cvMjvi GKwU Nwo‡Z gy‡Q †M‡Q 1 †_‡K 12 ch©šÍ meKwU msL¨v| ï°zi cvMjvi GKwU Nwo‡Z dvUv Wvqv‡ji †Mvje„‡Ëi †fZ‡i NvcwU †g‡i DuwK †`q me©MÖvmx eø¨vK‡nvj| ï°zi cvMjvi GKwU Nwo‡Z †Kv‡bv wKQy †bB| Zey Zv GLb wUKwUK K‡i Pjvi AvIqvR †kvbvq| ï°zi cvMjvi GKwU Nwo‡Z P‡j mßwl©gÐj A_ev K¨vwmIwcqvi mgq| ï°zi cvMjvi GKwU Nwo‡Z a‡i‡Q QÎvK| Zv‡Z AbšÍKv‡ji weg~Z© †KvjvR| ï°zi cvMjvi `yB nv‡Z †kvfv cvq wewfbœ iKg cwi‡cÖw¶‡Zi wewPÎ e‡Y©i wfbœ wfbœ Nwo| 79


jxjvK`jx AiæYvPj `Ë †PŠayix Aejxjvq Ze jxjvq Rwo‡q hvw”Q ¸iæ †kl hw`I nBwb Av‡Rv| GB †Zv †k‡li ïiæ| †bvU gywo‡q †fvU Kzwo‡q †`LvI KZ PgK| †VuvU cywo‡q Pzgyi c‡iB wgwó Mjvq agK| w`b P‡j hvq, ûKzg †g‡b ¯‹‡Ü cvnvo bv‡g| †Zvgvi Pv‡c †muwa‡q hvw”Q Av¸b Rvnvbœv‡g| Avaywj KB? cÖkœ K‡iv w`bgRywii e¨vs‡K| nvOi K…ògy`ªv jy‡Kvq myBRvij¨vÛ e¨vs‡K| gwZ”Qbœ... cwi”Qbœ _vK‡Z †eRvq Avj‡m †mB bvwK AvR Pkgv c‡i mvwi‡q †b‡e Pvj‡k| mvi‡j mviæK, `„wó mevi cybð †nvK ¯^”Q| `ytLxiv cvK K…ògy`ªv, jyw½iv cvK K”Q| wKš‘ ûRyi, wb‡iU gv_vq R¡jšÍ wRÁvm¨, PvBQ e‡jB †Kv_vq cve g‡bi gZ jvm¨? AÁvZ wm· c¨v‡Ki Avkvq jvdvq AwaKvsk K¼vjivB| fve‡Q †`‡n jvM‡e Gevi gvsm| ûRyigkvB h‡ZK KmvB, Z‡° Z‡° mevB gvsmUzKzb †`L‡j c‡iB Ki‡e Avevi RevB| GKUvB cÖvY KÕevi RevB? cÖvY wK mnR `ªe¨? gi‡Z gi‡Z euvPwQ Kv‡RB| euvPvB †Zv MšÍe¨| 80

iƒcK_v aªæe PµeZx© b`xiƒ‡c wQj Zvi üw`cÙ wN‡i ¯^c‡b wmbvb nj kix‡i kix‡i mvKv‡i Aaiv wQj wbivKvi wPwb e„_v cvivcvi R‡j üw` g›`vwKbx \ Qvqviƒc a‡i Zvi Kvqv iƒcK_v hvc‡b wK gaygvm †`nmyLjZv †fZi evwni Lyu‡o wejvcK_b KvbvMwjgq †Nv‡i hZ AÜRb \ Av‡aK †Mvc‡b Avi Av‡aK bqv‡b ciKjv wcÖqgyL ùzwiZ eqv‡b mvZwWOv gayKi iƒ‡ci wcwiwZ Aiƒc †cÖwgK Zvi ÿwY‡Ki ¯§„wZ \ Zey Ni, wcQyUvb †kK‡o `ynvZ †c‡Z‡Q Av¸b wPZv R¡‡j mvivivZ k¥kvb Rb¥f‚wg wPi ¯Íb¨ wfLvwi wK ev Av‡m hvq hw` wRwZ hw` nvwi \


†Lqv : GK inm¨gq wecixZ wenv‡ii SwUKvwjwc †MŠZg †PŠayix

ebPuvov‡ji b„Z¨

D

w™¢‡`i Dci ZworZi½ Ges Ab¨vb¨ DÏxc‡Ki cÖfve jBqv `xN© M‡elYvi ci jÛb nB‡Z weÁvbvPvh© RM`xkP‡›`ªi Plant Response as a Means of Physiological Investigations MÖšw’ U cÖKvwkZ nB‡j (1906) cwð‡gi weÁvbx gn‡j mvov cwoqv hvq| cÖvq GKB mgq G‡`‡k cÖKvwkZ nBj Zuvnvi `xN©w`‡bi myü` iex›`ªbv‡_i KweZvewn †Lqv (Avlvp, 1313)| nq‡Zv weÁvbx eÜzi nvjwdj mvd‡j¨i AwfÁv‡b Zuvnv‡KB Kwe GB ewnwU DrmM© Kwi‡jb| DrmM© KweZvwU‡Z †`wL, ïiæ‡ZB VvKzi †NvlYv w`‡Z‡Qb Ñ eÜz, G †h Avgvi j¾veZx jZv| fvwe‡Z AevK jv‡M, wb‡Ri KweZvi cÖm‡½ AvPvbK GBfv‡e Ôj¾veZx jZvÕ-i Abyl½ †Kb! Bnv wK †Kv‡bv KweR‡bvwPZ ms‡Kv‡Pi Awfe¨w³? bvwK Mv‡Qi ms‡e`bkxjZv jBqv wcÖq eÜz-i M‡elYv‡K ¯§iY I m¤§vb Rvbv‡bvi †Kv‡bv ZwiKv? Mv‡Qi ms‡e`bkxjZvi K_v DwV‡jB Avgv‡`i mv`vgvVv Áv‡b j¾veZx jZvi K_v g‡b Av‡m| RM`xkP›`ª Aek¨ MvQ‡K GBfv‡e jvRyK-AjvRyK fvM Kwi‡Z Pv‡nb bvB| KviY, Zuvnvi K_vq, Ôme MvQB †h mvov †`q Zvnv ˆe`y¨wZK Dcv‡q †`Lv‡bv hvB‡Z cv‡iÕ| j¾veZx jZvi cÖwZwµqv †Zv Zey evwn‡ii AvNvZmv‡cÿ| wKš‘ cÖvYx‡`‡ni wKQy †cwk‡Z †hgb ¯^Zt¯ú›`b jÿ Kiv hvq, ebPuvovj Mv‡Qi AvPiYI †mB iKg| †Kv‡bv cÖ‡ivPbv QvovB GB Mv‡Qi cvZv¸wj bv‡P| ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB ebPuvov‡ji GB ag© RM`xkP›`ª‡K wb‡Ri ZË¡ cÖwZôvi Kv‡R h‡_ó mvnvh¨ KwiqvwQj Ñ ebPuvovj MvQ w`qv Dw™¢‡`i ¯ú›`bkxjZv Abvqv‡m †`Lv hvB‡Z cv‡i| Bnvi ÿz`ª cvZv¸wj Avcbv-Avcwb b„Z¨ K‡i|...

Ziæ¯ú›`‡bi mvovwjwc cvV Kwiqv Rš‘ I Dw™¢‡`i ¯ú›`b †h GKB wbq‡g wbqwgZ Zvnv wbðqiƒ‡c ewj‡Z cvwi‡ZwQ| Ñ Ôwbe©vK RxebÕ Ae¨³ j¾veZx I ebPuvov‡ji GBme avbvB cvbvB Qvwo‡q Avgiv eis iex›`ªbv‡_i †Lqv Kve¨MÖ‡š’i DrmM© KweZvq wdwiqv Avwm| ˆeÁvwbK wbwi‡L DÏxcbvi Zzjbvg~jKZvq j¾veZx A‡cÿv ebPuvovj AvMvBqv iwn‡jI, Kvwe¨K e¨Äbvq Aek¨B Zvnv bq| we‡klZ †mKvjxb ivexw›`ªK †mŠlg¨‡eva †gvZv‡eK Bnv Kíbv Kiv hvq bv †h, VvKzi wjwL‡Z‡Qb Ñ eÜz, G ebPuvovj b„Z¨iZv! hw`I †Lv` RM`xkP›`ª Zuvnvi Ôwbe©vK RxebÕ wbe‡Üi GKwU As‡ki kx‡l© ÔebPuvov‡ji b„Z¨Õ Ñ GB Dcwk‡ivbvgwU e¨envi KwiqvwQ‡jb| Z‡e ebPuvovj weÁvbxi D‡Ïk¨ mvab Kwi‡jI, Kwei ewjevi K_vwU j¾veZx‡K w`qv A‡bK bv›`wbKfv‡e cÖKvk Kiv †Mj| GB D‡jøL GKw`‡K †hgb AšÍi½ eÜz-i weÁvbmvabvi cÖxwZc~Y© ¯^xK…wZ, Aciw`‡K wb‡Ri KweZvi inm¨gqZvi cÖwZI †hb GK †ZiPv Bkviv| †mB inm¨ D‡b¥vP‡bi Avgš¿YI iwnqv‡Q †mBLv‡b Ñ eÜz, Av‡bv †Zvgvi Zwor-cik/ nil w`‡q `vI,/ KiæY Pÿz †g‡j Bnvi/ gg©cv‡b PvI| KweZvi Kv‡Q †Zv cvVK †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv ai‡bi inm¨B †Luv‡Rb| Z‡e KweZv `yBfv‡eB cvVK‡K Lywk K‡i| c‡njv, Zvnvi inm¨gqZv w`qv| †di in‡m¨i †gvoK Lywj‡Z cvwi‡j ZLb wØZxq `dv Avb›`| A‡bK mgq †mB jyKv‡bv `‡ivRvwU Lywjevi Rb¨ Kwe Zuvnvi iPbvq Avj‡Mv‡Q GKwU ev GKvwaK Pvwe ivwLqv †`b| ÔDrmM©Õ KweZvwUi AwšÍg ¯Íe‡K †ZgbB GKwU

81


Pvwei nw`mI †hb ivwLqv‡Qb VvKzi Ñ GB-†h gy‡` Av‡Q jv‡R co‡e Zzwg GiB gv‡S Ñ Rxebg„Z¨z †iŠ`ªQvqv SwUKvi eviZv| Avgvi j¾veZx jZv| †Lv` KweB hw` wb‡Ri KweZv cÖm‡½ GBfv‡e ÔGB-†h gy‡` Av‡Q jv‡RÕ ewjqv wUàbx K‡ib, Z‡e wK g‡b nq bv †h, Kwei w`K nB‡Z wKQy bv wKQy jvRyKZvi Abyl½ iwnqv wMqv‡Q GB ewnwUi AšÍ‡i| †Lqv cÖKvkKv‡j VvKzi evsjv‡`‡ki GK cÖwZwôZ mvwnZ¨e¨w³Z¡| Ab¨vb¨ iPbv QvovI gvbmx-†mvbvi Zix-wPÎvˆb‡e`¨i gZ Kve¨MÖš’ DrmM© Kwi‡Z wMqv Zuvnvi G‡nb msKzwPZ Awfe¨w³i Drm Zvnv nB‡j Kx? g‡b ivwL‡Z cvwi, †Lqvi KweZv¸wj iPbvKv‡j evsjv‡`‡ki BwZnvm-f‚‡Mv‡ji Dci w`qv Ggb GK SÅvcÖevn ewnqv hvB‡Z‡Q, hvnv‡Z evsjv fvlvfvlx Rbmgv‡Ri cieZx© fwel¨r wba©vwiZ nBqv †Mj ejv hvq| VvKz‡ii gZ gvby‡li c‡ÿ †mB wecyj Av‡jvo‡bi wfZi wbwj©ß ewmqv _vKv m¤¢e wQj bv| DcjÿwU wQj KvR©bK…Z e½f½ Ges wn›`y evOvwj f`ªR‡bi wefvRbwe‡ivax Av‡›`vjb| VvKz‡ii Awe¯§iYxq ¯^‡`wk Mvb¸wj Ges evsjvi mgvR I ivRbxwZ jBqv GKvwaK G‡duvo-I‡duvo wbeÜ GB mg‡qi dmj| VvKzi †hgb GB e½f½ Av‡›`vj‡b Ges Zvnvi wcVvwcwV RvZxq wkÿv-Av‡›`vj‡b gvwZqv‡Qb, †ZgbB A‡bK mgq Clr `~i‡Z¡ `uvovBqv Av‡›`vj‡bi MwZcÖKw… Z gvwcqv‡Qb| bvbv mgq bvbvb mskq cÖKvk Kwiqv‡Qb| mgq mgq wb‡R‡K wew”Qbœ KwiqvI jBqv‡Qb| Av‡›`vj‡bi ïiæi w`‡K, mfvcwZ wnmv‡e bvg †NvwlZ _vKv m‡Ë¡I wZwb 18 kÖveY, 1312 (3 AvM÷, 1905)-†Z ÷vi w_‡qUv‡i AbywôZ wewcbP›`ª cv‡ji GK e³…Zvmfvq nvwRi nB‡Z cv‡ib bvB| 7 AvM÷ UvDbn‡ji HwZnvwmK Rbmfv‡ZI wZwb Abycw¯’Z| †mLv‡b MwVZ Av‡›`vjb cwiPvjb mwgwZi m`m¨‡`i wfZi Zuvnvi bvg bvB| Avevi 9 fv`ª, 1312 (25 AvM÷, 1905) UvDbn‡ji Aci GK mfvq Avwmqv wZwb ÔAe¯’v I e¨e¯’vÕ wbeÜwU cvV Kwi‡jb| mfv‡k‡l Zuvnvi m`¨iwPZ ÔAvgvi †mvbvi evsjvÕ Ges Ab¨ GKwU ¯^‡`wk Mvb cwi‡ewkZ nBevi mgq mg‡eZ RbZv DwVqv `uvovBqv Mv‡bi mwnZ Mjv wgjvBj| Bnvi gvmLv‡b‡Ki wfZi, 11 Avwk¦b (27 †m‡Þ¤^i), mvweÎx jvB‡eªwi‡Z VvKz‡iiB mfvcwZ‡Z¡ ¯^ag© mvab mwgwZi GK mfvq wm×všÍ nBj, 16 A‡±vei cÖ¯vÍ weZ e½f½ Kvh©Ki nB‡j †mBw`b Avc~ec © wðg mviv evsjv‡`‡k AiÜb, ivLxeÜb I wgjb w`em wnmv‡e D`hvwcZ nB‡e| A_P †`wL‡ZwQ, mvgvwRK ZrciZvi GB ch©vqKv‡ji wfZ‡iB iwPZ Zuvnvi GKwU Mv‡b Kxfv‡e †hb cÖKvk cvB‡Z‡Q P‚ovšÍ GK wbwj©ßZv Ñ Avgvi bvBev nj cv‡i hvIqv|/... / Avgvi Avkvi Zix Wzej hw`/ †`Le †Zv‡`i Zix evIqv (27 fv`ª, 1312)| Avkvi Zix Wzweevi GB MvbwU, ÔNv‡UÕ wk‡ivbv‡g †Lqvi AšÍMZ © | e½f½ Kvh©Ki nBevi ci iwPZ †Lqvi GBiKg AviI wKQy KweZvq †`‡ki PwjZ ivR‰bwZK Kg©KvÐ jBqv VvKz‡ii nZvkv, wZh©KZv I wb‡R‡K wew”Qbœ Kwiqv jBevi gvbwmKZv Lye GKUv jyKvQvcv bv KwiqvB cÖKvk cvBqv‡Q| †hgb Ñ 1. mviv nj KvR, wg‡Q †Kb AvR/ WvK †gv‡i Avi Kv‡R| Ñ Ô†Mva~wjjMœÕ, 29 †cŠl, 1312 2. †hLv‡b hv-wKQy †c‡qwQ †Kewj/ mKwj K‡iwQ Rgv Ñ / †h †`‡L †m AvR gv‡M †h wnmve,/ †Kn bvwn K‡i ÿgv|/ G †evSv

82

Avgvi bvgvI eÜz,/ bvgvI|/ fv‡ii †e‡M‡Z †Vwjqv P‡jwQ,/ G hvÎv †gvi _vgvI|  Ñ ÔfviÕ, 25 gvN, 1312 3. Avgvi `‡ji mevB Avgvi cv‡b/ †P‡q †Mj †n‡m|/ P‡j †Mj D”Pwk‡i,/ PvBj bv †KD wcQy wd‡i,/ wgwj‡q †Mj my`i~ Qvqvq/ c_Ziæi †k‡l|/ .../ jv‡Ri Nv‡q DwV‡Z PvB,/ g‡bi gv‡S mvov bv cvB...  Ñ Ôwbiæ`¨gÕ, 6 ˆPÎ, 1312 4. we`vq †`‡nv, ÿ‡gv Avgvq fvB|/ Kv‡Ri c‡_ Avwg †Zv Avi bvB|/ .../ †Zvgiv AvwR Qy‡UQ hvi cv‡Q/ †m-me wg‡Q n‡q‡Q †gvi Kv‡Q Ñ / iZœ †LuvRv, ivR¨ fvOv-Mov,/ g‡Zi jvwM †`k-we‡`‡k jov,/ Avjev‡j Rj‡mPb Kiv/ D”PkvLv ¯^YP© vu cvi Mv‡Q|/ cvwi †b Avi Pj‡Z mevi cv‡Q| Ñ Ôwe`vqÕ, 14 ˆPÎ, 1312 5. nv‡Ui mv‡_ Nv‡Ui mv‡_ AvwR/ e¨emv †Zvi eÜ n‡q †Mj|/ GLb N‡i Avq †i wd‡i gvwS,/ AvwObv‡Z AvmbLvwb †g‡jv|/ .../ wdwi‡q Av‡bv Qwo‡q-cov gb,/ mdj †nvK mKj mgvcb|  Ñ ÔmgvwßÕ, 10 ˆekvL, 1313 GB †h QovBqv cov gb‡K evwn‡ii nƇMvj nB‡Z ¸UvBqv Avwbqv KweZvi Avcb Avm‡b emvBevi WvK, Z‡e wK GBme Mnb ¯^M‡Zvw³¸wj Av‡›`vwjZ mgv‡Ri Kv‡Q aŸwbgq nBqv DwVevi Rb¨B Kwe wfZ‡i wfZ‡i wKQyUv msKzwPZ wQ‡jb? wKš‘ GBiKg gvÎ 5-6wU KweZvi Rb¨ †MvUv ewnwU‡K VvKzi Ôj¾veZx jZvÕ ewj‡eb, Zvnv g‡b nq bv| Bnvi Avov‡j Avm‡jB Av‡iv Kx ÔebPuvov‡ji b„Z¨Õ Av‡Q, Zvnvi Zvjvk Kwiqv †`Lv hvK| we‡klZ, Kwe wb‡RB †hLv‡b GBfv‡e †mB nvZQvwb w`qv ivwLqv‡Qb Ñ hZœf‡i Lu‡y R Lu‡y R †Zvgvq wb‡Z n‡e ey‡S, †f‡O w`‡Z n‡e †h Zvi bxie e¨vKzjZv|

jZvi gZ Kuvce Avwg

e½f‡½i cÖ¯vÍ e †h iex›`ªbv_‡K KZLvwb Av‡jvwoZ KwiqvwQj Zvnv †evSv hvq Aí Kqw`‡bi g‡a¨B wMwiwW‡Z (ZLb Awef³ evsjv‡`‡ki Ask) ewmqv GK j‡ß 22/23wU ¯^‡`wk Mvb wjwLqv †dwjevi NUbvq| AwP‡iB †mBme Mvb e½f½we‡ivax Av‡›`vj‡b AskMÖnYKvix hyeRbZvi gy‡L-gy‡L wdwi‡Z _v‡K| wKš‘ BnvI wVK, 19 RyjvB, 1905 e½f½ cÖ¯vÍ ‡ei `vßwiK †NvlYvi m‡½ m‡½B hLb KwjKvZv bMixi eveymgvR Mig nBqv DwV‡jb, iex›`ªbv_ wKQyw`b wKQyUv wbf…‡Z iwnqv †M‡jb| Avgiv †`wLqvwQ, †mB mgqKvi 2/1wU ¸iæZ¡cY~ © mfvq wZwb MinvwRi| wZwb ZLb KB? †m‡nb GKwU Zz½ mgqB, †evjcy‡i Ae¯’vbKv‡j GKwU KweZvq wZwb wjwL‡Z‡Qb Ñ e‡j †` Avgvq Kx Kwie mvR, Kx Quv‡` Keix †eu‡a je AvR, cwie A‡½ †Kgb f‡½ †Kvb&ei‡bi evm|  Ñ ÔïfÿYÕ, 13 kÖveY, 1312 ¯úóZB GB KweZvi K_K Ñ Avwg, GKRb bvix| †mB bvix, Aíeqmx GK ZiæYxB nB‡e, †Kv‡bv GK ivRvi `yjv‡ji mdi jBqv †h Zvnvi gv‡qi m‡½ K_biZ| `yB As‡k wef³ (ÔïfÿYÕ


I ÔZ¨vMÕ) †MvUv KweZvwUB †mB ZiæYxi GK msjvc| Kwei wbR¯^ †Kv‡bv eqvb Aek¨ GLv‡b bvB| Ggb GKwU bvU¨xq KweZvi iPbv, Kwei wewPÎ g‡bi †Lqvj ewjqv Lywk _vwK‡Z evav bvB| wKš‘ †`wL‡ZwQ 2 w`‡bi Zdv‡ZB VvKzi Avi GK evwjKv ea~‡K jBqv Aci GKwU KweZv wjwL‡Z‡Qb| GB KweZvi K_K, Kwe wb‡RB| Avi DwÏó nBj Ôbexbv eyw×wenxbvÕ †mB evwjKvwUi cwiYZeyw× ei| evwjKv, e‡ii ¸iæZ¡ ey‡S bv Ñ Zzwg Kv‡Q G‡j fv‡e Zzwg Zvi/ †Lwjevi ab ïay| wKš‘ Kwe Rv‡bb †h Ñ GKw`b Gi †Ljv Ny‡P hv‡e/ IB Ze kÖxPi‡Y| eiI †mB K_v Rv‡b| ZvB Ñ iZb-Avmb Zzwg Gwi Z‡i †i‡LQ mvRv‡q wbR©b N‡i| †mvbvi cv‡Î fwiqv †i‡LQ b›`beb-gay Ñ  Ñ ÔevwjKv ea~Õ, 15 kÖveY, 1312 Aí Kqw`‡bi wfZ‡iB ÔAv‡aK-†Lvjv evZvq‡bi av‡iÕ PzwoIqvjvi cÖZxÿvq `uvovBqv _vKv Av‡iv GK Ôb~Zb ea~Õ VvKz‡ii `„wó AvKl©Y Kwij| Ô¯^cb w`‡q MovÕ ÔQvqvgqÕ GK `ywbqvi evwm›`v Ô†NvgUv-Qvqvq XvKvÕ †mB bvix| Kwei mnmv g‡b nq Ñ Zxeª Zwor nvwm †n‡m eRª‡fixi ¯^‡i †Zvgvi N‡i XzwK RMr hw` GK wb‡g‡l kw³g~wZ© aÕ‡i `uvovq gy‡LvgywL Ñ †Kv_vq _v‡K Av‡aK-XvKv Ajm w`‡bi Qvqv, evZvq‡bi Qwe, †Kv_vq _v‡K ¯^cbgvLv AvcbMov gvqv Ñ Dwoqv hvq meB|  Ñ ÔAbvnZÕ, 26 kÖveY, 1312 GBme nuywkqvwi Avm‡jB Kvnvi D‡Ï‡k? ev¯ÍeZvi we`y¨rMf© NUbvcÖevn Kvnvi mvg‡b mnmv nvwRi nBqv Zvnvi gvqvRMr‡K UzUvdzUv Kwiqv w`‡Z D`¨Z? GBme K_v Kwe wb‡R‡KB wb‡R ïbvB‡Z‡Qb bv †Zv! wKš‘ wb‡R‡K ïbvBevi Rb¨ Ggb GK m`¨ZiæYxi cÖwZiƒc wbg©vY †Kb! wcÖq cvwVKv, wcÖq cvVK, wRÁvmv I we¯§‡qi cÖKvk eywS wKQy †ewk nBqv †Mj| wKš‘ we¯§‡qi †kl †Zv ïay GBLv‡bB bq| Dc‡ii 3wU KweZvq nvwRi bvixPwiθwj †Zv Zey KwíZ ev m„wRZ| ÔïfÿYÕ KweZvi ZiæYxwU ivRvi `yjvj‡K cj‡Ki Rb¨ †`wL‡Z cvIqvi Av‡e‡M Mjv nB‡Z gwYnvi Qyuwoqv c‡_i ayjvq †dwjqvwQj| Bnvi gvm 6 ev‡` wkjvB`‡n iwPZ ÔwgjbÕ KweZvi K_K RvbvB‡Z‡Q, ivRvi `yjvj bq, †m †Lv` Ôü`q-ivRv‡iÕ ev ÔwPiRb‡gi ivRv‡iÕ †`wLqv‡Q| †mB Av‡av A¯úó mvÿvrKv‡ii ¯§„wZPviYvi Awfe¨w³wU Vvni Kwiqv †`Lyb Ñ Avwg Rvwb bv Kx nj, ïay GB Rvwb †Pv‡L †gvi myL gvLv‡jv Ñ †K †hb myL-AÄb gvLv‡jvÑ AvR wÎfzeb-†Rvov Kvnvi e‡ÿ †`n gb †gvi dzivj Ñ †hb †i wbt‡k‡l AvwR dzivj|

 Ñ ÔwgjbÕ, 23 gvN, 1312 GB KweZvi wfZi bvU‡Ki †Kv‡bv Av‡qvRb bvB| A_©vr Kwe mivmwi cvVK‡K Zuvnvi AwfÁZv-Abyf‡ei K_v¸wj RvbvB‡Z‡Qb| ¯^M‡Zvw³i gZ wbf…Z GB DËg cyiæ‡li cÖ¯^‡i wK GK bvixmËvi †cje wewKiY QovBqv cwo‡Z‡Q ewjqv g‡b nq bv? †h-Awfe¨w³ †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bvfv‡e †hb Ôïfÿ‡YÕi ZiæYxwUi m‡½ GKB my‡i euvav| GKBfv‡e Ab¨ GKwU KweZv‡ZI ïwb, Avwg-i eqv‡b †hb fvwmqv DwV‡Z‡Q GK e¨vKzj bvwqKvi Kɯ^i| †m †hb Zvnvi AbvMZ bvq‡Ki AvMg‡bi myLKíbvq we‡fvi Ñ †m Avm‡e †gvi †Pv‡Li Õc‡i/ mKj Av‡jvi Av‡M,/ Zvnvwi iƒc †gvi cÖfv‡Zi/ cÖ_g n‡q Rv‡M|/... / wPË Avgvi DV‡e †Ku‡c/ Zvi †PZbvq fÕ‡i/ †Zviv Avgvq RvMvm †b †KD,/ RvMv‡e †mB †gv‡i|  Ñ ÔRvMiYÕ, 10 ˆPÎ, 1312 Av‡iv GKUz wbweo cv‡V aiv c‡o, †Lqvi GKvwaK KweZvq K_K-Avwg-i ü`‡qi Mnb D”PviY¸wj‡Z cÖvqkB †hb GBfv‡e RvwMqv DwV‡Z‡Q GK bvixmËvi †Kvgj Avfv| K‡qKwU bgybv †`Lv hvK Ñ 1. Zvic‡i †hB m‡Ü n‡e/ G‡b dz‡ji Wvjv/ †Mu‡_ Zzje gvjv|/ mvRve Zvq h~_xi nv‡i,/ M‡Ü f‡i †`e Zv‡i,/ Kie Avwg AviwZ Zvi/ wb‡q `x‡ci _vjv|  Ñ ÔeuvwkÕ, 29 kÖveY, 1312 2. KB‡j K_v K¬všÍK‡É/ KiæY Pÿz †g‡j Ñ / ÔZ…lvKvZi cvš’ AvwgÕ Ñ / ï‡b Pg‡K D‡V/ R‡ji aviv w`‡jg †X‡j/ †Zvgvi Kicy‡U|  Ñ ÔKzqvi av‡iÕ, 9 ˆPÎ, 1312 3. †P‡qwQ e‡U ivwL‡Z †n_v euvav/ †Kej ïay †Pv‡Li Pvnwb‡Z|/ cw_K I‡Mv, †gv‡`i bvwn ej, i‡q‡Q ïay AvKzj AuvwLRj|  Ñ Ôcw_KÕ, 8 ˆekvL, 1313 4. cv‡Q †`wL Zzwg Avmwb, ZvB/ Av‡aK AuvwL gyw`‡q PvB,/ f‡q PvB †b wd‡i|/ Avwg †`wL †hb Avcb-g‡b/ c‡_i †k‡l `~‡ii e‡b/ AvmQ Zzwg ax‡i|  Ñ ÔAbygvbÕ, 4 Avlvp, 1313 5. bq‡b AvwR Swi‡Q Rj/ SiæK Rj bq‡b †n|/ evwR‡Q ey‡K evRyK, Ze/ KwVb evû-euva‡b †n|  Ñ Ô`ytLg~wZ©Õ 6. †n †gvi †Mvcbwenvix,/ Nygv‡q wQ‡jg hLb, Zzwg wK/ wM‡qwQ‡j †gv‡i †bnvwi|  Ñ Ôgyw³cvkÕ GBme eqv‡b bvix‡Z¡i Avfvm nq‡Zv ZZUv ¯úóvÿ‡i cÖKU bq, wKQyUv ev e¨ÄbvweRwoZ| K_v DwV‡ZB cv‡i Ñ cyiæ‡li wK †Pv‡L Rj Swi‡Z cv‡i bv, bvwK †m dz‡ji Wvjv jBqv gvjv Muvw_‡Z cv‡i bv? wKš‘ ÔNv‡Ui c_Õ KweZvi †h-Avwg ¯úóB RvbvBqv w`‡Z‡Q Ñ ÔAvwg Wwi bvB SoRj,/ D‡o‡Q AvKv‡k DZjv evZv‡m/ DÏvg AÂjÕ, Zvnv‡KI bvixi ¯^xK…wZ w`‡Z wK Avgv‡`i evwa‡e? GB wbg©j ¯^xKv‡ivw³UzKz Avgv‡`i wKQy mvnviv w`‡Z cv‡i Ñ h‡e ey‡K fwi D‡V e¨_v, N‡ii wfZ‡i bv †`q _vwK‡Z AKviY AvKzjZv|

83


Avcbvi g‡b GKv c‡_ Pwj, Kuv‡Li Kjmx e‡j QjQwj Rjfiv KjK_v Ñ h‡e ey‡K fwi D‡V e¨_v|  Ñ ÔNv‡Ui c_Õ e½f½we‡ivax Av‡›`vjb nB‡Z Avgiv eû `~‡i mwiqv Avwm‡ZwQ| Avgiv bvPvi| VvKzi †hw`‡K jBqv hvb Avgv‡`i †mB w`‡KB hvB‡Z nB‡e| D‡jøwLZ mvweÎx jvB‡eªwi‡Z AbywôZ ¯^ag© mvab mwgwZi Awa‡ek‡bi mßvnLv‡bK Av‡M, Kwe ZLb wMwiwW‡Z| †mB dzim‡Z iwPZ GK Mfxi Av‡Z¥vcjwäi KweZvq K_KAvwg RvbvB‡Z‡Q, Zzwg-i †h-gvjvwUi Rb¨ †m GKvšÍfv‡e cÖjyä wQj, Zvnv nv‡Z Avwmevi ci †`Lv †Mj Ñ G †Zv gvjv bq †Mv, G †h/ †Zvgvi Zievwi| GB Zievwiavix-Zzwg wbtm‡›`‡n GK cyiæl, †h wKbv Avwg-i Ôü`qivRÕ| Avi, Avwg? GB KweZvi Avwg-†K jBqv VvKzi †Kv‡bv a›` iv‡Lb bvB| Avwg GLv‡b m‡›`nvnxZfv‡eB GKRb bvix| †fv‡ii cvwLi mvÿ¨ nB‡ZB Zvnv ¯úó Ñ †fv‡ii cvwL ïavq †M‡q/ ÔKx †cwj ZzB bvixÕ| Avwg wb‡RI wb‡R‡K Ôkw³nxbvÕ ewjqv Rvbvb †`q Ñ I‡Mv GwK †Zvgvi `vb| kw³nxbv gwi jv‡R, G f‚lY wK Avgvq mv‡R| ivL‡Z †M‡j ey‡Ki gv‡S e¨_v †h cvq cÖvY|  Ñ Ô`vbÕ, 26 fv`ª, 1312 evwn‡ii KvqKvievi nB‡Z Kwei wb‡R‡K cÖZ¨vnvi Kwiqv jBevi gvbwmKZvi K_v ewj‡Z wMqv Ô†Mva~wjjMœÕ KweZvi D‡jøL Av‡M GK`dv KwiqvwQ| †Mva~wjjMœ k‡ãi e¨Äbvi ب_©KZvq GB KweZvwUi we¯Ívi| GKw`‡K †Mva~wj †hgb weev‡ni cÖk¯ÍjMœ, †ZgbB GB mgqKv‡ji Dci Avwmqv cwoqv‡Q A¯Ím~‡h©i welYœ Avfv| GB KweZvi K_K †hb w`‡bi hveZxq Kg©ZrciZv nB‡Z QywU jBqv Avmbœ ivw·Z †Kv‡bv GK ARvbv `wq‡Zi m‡½ wgwjZ nB‡Z Pwj‡Z‡Q| Zvnvi DrKÉv Ñ †ejv‡k‡l †gv‡i †K mvRv‡e I‡i/ bewgj‡bi mv‡R| weev‡ni cÖ¯‘wZ wnmv‡e Kg‡ewk mvRm¾v nq‡Zv cvÎcvÎx `yB Zi‡dB jv‡M| Z‡e dzjmv‡R Ae¸Éb iPbvi e‡›`ve¯Í bvixiB †kvfv e„w×i Rb¨| wb‡Ri Rb¨ †mB bvixmyjf gvqv-AveiYLvwb eywbqv Zzwjevi †NvlYvi wfZi w`qv, GB KweZvi Avwg Zvnvi bvixZ¡wU‡KB ¯úó Kwiqv Zz‡j bv wK? h~_x`j Avwb ¸ÉbLvwb Kwei eqb †h| mvRv‡Z n‡e †i wbweo iv‡Zi evmKkqb †h|  Ñ Ô†Mva~wjjMœÕ, 29 †cŠl, 1312 AZtci cÖ”Qbœ wk‡ivbv‡gi GKwU KweZv Avgv‡`i Rb¨ A‡cÿv K‡i| †hLv‡b Avwg-†K †`Lv hvq Ñ e‡m AvwQ embLvwb †U‡b gy‡Li Õc‡i/ †hb wfLvwibxi g‡Zv| Zzwg-i Rb¨ dz‡ji Wvwj mvRvBqv mviv w`bgvb MvQZjvq KvUvBqv †`q †mB wfLvwibxAvwg| Zzwg-i Ôiv‰Rk¦‡h©Õ ÔwemR©bÕ w`‡e ewjqv wb‡Ri Ôˆ`b¨LvwbÕ mh‡Zœ euvPvBqv iv‡L †m| wKš‘ GB cÖMvp AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi K_v †Zv Rbmg‡ÿ duvm Kiv hvq bv Ñ I‡Mv, AfvwMbxi GB Awfgvb Kvnvi Kv‡Q Ke,/ Zvnv iBj ms‡Mvcb| Z‡e, †mB wgj‡bi gyn~Z©wU wbf…‡Z Kíbv Kwi‡Z Aek¨ evav bvB| Avwg ZvB †Lvqve iPbv Kwi‡Z _v‡K Ñ

84

†n‡m `y nvZ aÕ‡i ayjv n‡Z Avgvq Zz‡j j‡e Ñ Zzwg j‡e †Zvgvi i‡_| Avgvi f‚lY-wenxb gwjb †e‡k wfLvwibxi mv‡R †Zvgvi `uvove evg cv‡k, ZLb jZvi g‡Zv Kuvce Avwg M‡e© my‡L jv‡R mKj we‡k¦i mKv‡k|  Ñ ÔcÖ”QbœÕ, 2 Avlvp, 1313 wcÖq cvwVKv wcÖq cvVK, my`~i cv‡ii bÿÎ gv‡S gv‡S †hBfv‡e c„w_exi gvby‡li `„wómxgvi AvIZvq Pwjqv Av‡m, AZtci Avgiv KweZvi hveZxq Dcgv-wPÎKí-Vvi‡Vvi †f` Kwiqv, †Lqvi Avwg-i wfZi †ZgbB ÔM‡e© my‡L jv‡RÕ ÔjZvi g‡ZvÕ Kuvwc‡Z _vKv GK bvix‡K mv`v †Pv‡L †`wL‡Z cvBjvg| GLb Bnv‡K j¾veZxi KuvcbB ejyb, ev ebPuvov‡ji b„Z¨, NUbv Avwmqv `uvovBqv‡Q ÔmKj we‡k¦i mKv‡kÕ| AvPvh© RM`xkP‡›`ªi gZ AvgivI †Ui cvB‡ZwQ cÖv‡Yi †mB Avw`g ¯ú›`b|

SwUKvi eviZv

GB ÔcÖ”QbœÕ KweZvwU‡Z Avwmqv wK g‡b nq bv, †Lqv KweZvewni Avwg wb‡Ri wfZ‡i bvixmËvi GB A`g¨ cÖKvk¸wj Avi cÖ”Qbœ ivwL‡Z Pvwn‡Z‡Q bv! eis Avwg-i Aci cÖv‡šÍ Ae¯’vbiZ Zzwg-i ¯^iƒcwUB cÖ”Qbœ nBqv DwV‡Z‡Q| Avwg-i GZ G‡šÍRvwi m‡Ë¡I wKš‘ GB KweZvq †klZK †mB Zzwg-i †`Lv wg‡j bv Ñ I‡Mv, mgq e‡q hv‡”Q P‡j, i‡qwQ Kvb †c‡Z Ñ/ †Kv_v KB †Mv PvKvi aŸwb| GB Ae¯’vq, GB KweZvq Avwg-i PvIqvwUB hw` g~j wb`k©b nBZ, Z‡e Bnvi wk‡ivbvg Abvqv‡m e¨_© Cáv/ wbõj AvKv•ÿv/ wg_¨v evmbv BZ¨vw` nB‡Z cvwiZ| hw` Zzwg†K bv-cvIqvwUB eo Kwiqv Zzwjqv awievi welq nBZ, Z‡e wk‡ivbvg AcÖvwß/ wfLvwibx ev AfvwMbx nB‡Z cvwiZ| Avwg-i †e`bv‡ev‡ai w`K nB‡Z fvwe‡j, bvgwU nB‡Z cvwiZ j¾v ev bqbRj (†n_vq wfLvwibxi j¾v wK †Mv Ki‡e bqb-R‡j)| wKš‘ KweZvi bvg cÖ”Qbœ ivwLqv Zzwg-i Ae¯’vbwU‡KB Kwe mevi Dc‡i ¸iæZ¡ w`‡jb, †h-Ae¯’v‡bi Dci GKwU m‡PZb †MvcbxqZvi AveiY weQv‡bv| cÖm½Z, Awfavb †gvZv‡eK cÖ”Qbœ A_© Ñ Av”Qvw`Z, Ave„Z, ¸ß ev XvKv| Drmvnx †Kn †Kn ewj‡ZB cv‡ib, GB KweZvi bvgKiY jBqv GZ gv_v †LuvovLuywoi Kx Av‡Q! mKj mIqv‡ji Reve †Zv †`Iqv Av‡Q g~j KweZvewni bv‡g| †Lqv kãwU ïwbqvB †evSv hvq, Zvnv nBj `ywbqv`vwi nB‡Z Avmgvb`vwii w`‡K cvwo RgvBevi GK A‡jŠwKK Rjhvb| wPÎv ˆPZvjx Kíbv ÿwYKv-i †jŠwKK c„w_ex nB‡Z, ˆb‡e`¨-i Zcm¨vi †QvU`wiqvq muvZivBqv, MxZvÄwj-MxwZgvj¨-MxZvwj-i Ava¨vwZ¥KZvi bqvP‡i †bvOi euvwaevi †ivgvÂKi AwfhvÎvwUB nBj GB †Lqv| Ck¦i Abya¨v‡b GKvšÍfv‡e wb‡R‡K gMœ Kwi‡jI, †Lqvi Kwe ZL‡bv gg©‡jv‡Ki Mn‡b Ck¦‡ii ¯úk© cvb bvB| AcÖvwßi †mB AšÍ‡e©`bvB AvKzj nBqv Swiqv cwo‡Z‡Q Dc‡ii ÔcÖ”QbœÕ KweZvq| Kwe Rv‡bb, GL‡bv †`Lv bv cvB‡jI, Ck¦i Av‡Qb| Kv‡QB †Kv_vI Av‡Qb| ïay wb‡R‡K cÖKvk Kwi‡Z‡Qb bv, GB hvnv| †mB Rb¨B GB KweZvi bvg ÔcÖ”QbœÕ| DËg cÖ¯Íve| wKš‘ wKQy LUKv iwnqv †Mj| †m¸wj G‡K G‡K †ck Kiv hvK| 1. mevi eo LUKv, Ck¦‡ii cÖ”Qbœ Dcw¯’wZ Abyfe Kwievi Rb¨ Kwe‡K GBfv‡e Lv‡gvLv bvixiƒc aviY Kwi‡Z nBj †Kb? cyiælmËv jBqv Ck¦‡ii †gvKvwejv Kwievi Amyweav Kx nB‡ZwQj? 2. MxZvÄwj c‡e© i Kve¨f‚ L ÐwU Avwe®‹vi Kwiqv jBevi


mywbwðZ cÖZ¨q jBqv wK VvKzi †Lqv iPbvq nvZ w`qvwQ‡jb †h, GB ewni bv‡gi wfZi w`qv AvMvgx Aa¨vZ¥‡jv‡Ki wKQy AvMvg Bw½Z w`‡eb? MxZvÄwj c‡e©i w¯’i cÖZxwZi wecix‡Z †Lqvi AvZ¥-AbymÜv‡bi ZxeªZv¸wj (Avgvi †h GB b~Zb-Mov/ b~Zbeuvav Zvi/ b~Zb my‡i Ki‡Z †m hvq/ m„wó Avcbvi) I AwbðqZvi Nb‡Nvi¸wj (NwU‡q Zzwj KZ Kx †h/ eywS bv GK wZj, †Zvgvi m‡½ Abvqv‡m/ nq bv my‡ii wgj) wK GovBqv hvIqv hvq? 3. MxZvÄwj c‡e© Zzwg-i Ae¯’vb mywbYx©Z| †Lqv‡ZI wK ZvnvB? gvÎ 1 w`‡bi e¨eav‡b iwPZ †Lqvi 2wU KweZvq Kwei wPËwe‡ÿ‡ci mvgvb¨ bgybv hw` GB m~‡Î Avgiv †Lqv‡j ivwL‡Z cvwi Ñ `yjK y Zix †XD‡qi Õc‡i/ I‡i Avgvi RvMÖZ cÖvY/ .../ †`vmiQvov GKvi †`‡k/ G‡Kev‡i GK wbwg‡l/ jI †i ey‡K `y nvZ †gwj/ AšÍwenxb ARvbv‡K|  Ñ Ômgy`Õª , 7 ˆekvL, 1313 Avgvi w`‡bi hvÎv‡k‡l/ Kvi AwZw_ n‡jg G‡m!/ nvq †i weRb `xN© ivwZ,/ nvq †i K¬všÍ Kvqv!  Ñ Ôw`b‡klÕ, 8 ˆekvL, 1313 †`wL‡ZwQ, wb‡Ri ÔRvMÖZ cÖvYÕB nBj c‡njv KweZvi Zzwg, eÜznxb GKvwK‡Z¡i wfZi GK Awbt‡kl ARvbvi w`‡K hvnvi cvwo w`evi cÖZ¨q| †`vmiv KweZvq Avevi †Kv‡bv ZzwgB bvB| w`‡bi mg¯Í c_kÖ‡gi †k‡l †mLv‡b QovBqv Av‡Q ïay GK wi³Zvi cÖjw¤^Z K¬vwšÍ| G‡nb wewea bvRyK cwiw¯’wZ‡Z Zzwg-i Ae¯’v‡bi ¸iæZ¡ Lv‡Uv Kwiqv †`wLevi AeKvk KB? 4. MxZvÄwj c‡e©i †kl Kve¨MÖš’ MxZvwj, Kwei Ava¨vwZ¥K fvebv‡jv‡Ki GK P‚ovšÍ Awfe¨w³| †mB ewni DrmM© KweZvwUi Dc¯’vcbv GKevi †`wLqv jB‡Z cvwi Ñ mviw_ Pvjvb whwb Rxe‡bi i_ wZwbB Rv‡bb ïay Kvi †Kv_v c_ Avwg fvwe Avwg eywS c‡_i cÖnix, c_ †`LvB‡Z wMqv c_ †iva Kwi| Avgvi cÖ`xcLvwb AwZ ÿxYKvqv, hZUzKz Av‡jv †`q Zvi †ewk Qvqv| G cÖ`xc AvR Avwg †f‡O w`by †d‡j, Zuvi Av‡jv †Zvgv‡`i wbK evû †g‡j|  Ñ ÔAvkxe©v`Õ, MxZvwj, 16 Avwk¦b, 1321 †evSv hvq, GBLv‡b Avwmqv gvbweK eyw×i hveZxq KvimvwRmg~n cÖZ¨vnvi Kwiqv jBqv GK wbi¼zk mgc©‡Yi c‡_ wb‡R‡K muwcqv w`qv‡Qb Kwe| imv¯^v`‡b ev fw³‡Z Awff‚Z nIqv Qvov, GBLv‡b cvV‡Ki Zi‡dI Luwy Rqv jBevi eywSqv jBevi we‡kl wKQy bvB| cvkvcvwk †Lqvi DrmM© KweZvi †mB AskwU g‡b Kiæb, †hLv‡b cvV‡Ki cÖwZ Kwei civgk© Ñ hZœf‡i Lu‡y R Lu‡y R/ †Zvgvq wb‡Z n‡e ey‡S| †mB AskwU g‡b Kiæb, †hLv‡b cvV‡Ki cÖwZ Kwei Bw½Z Ñ co‡e Zzwg GiB gv‡S Ñ / Rxebg„Z¨z †iŠ`ªQvqv/ SwUKvi eviZv| Kv‡RB †Lqvi KweZv cwo‡Z ewmqv, Kwe wb‡`©wkZ †mB Av‡jv-AÜKvigq SÅvwjwc¸wj D‡cÿv Kwie Kxiƒ‡c? †mB Mnb wjwc¸wji cv‡Vv×vi bv Kwi‡j, †mB SwUKvi evZ©v¸wji cybtm¤úªPvi bv Kwi‡j GB KweZvi gg©‡jv‡K †h Avgiv wVKVvK †cuŠQvB‡Z cvwie bv, RM`xkP‡›`ªi AwQjvq cyiv cvVK mgvR‡KB wK VvKzi †mB evZ©v w`‡Z‡Qb bv? GBme LUKvi †cÖwÿ‡Z, Avgiv weÁvbvPvh©‡K †`Iqv VvKz‡ii Bkviv¸wji w`‡KB Avi GKevi ZvKvB| †Lqvi †mB DrmM©

KweZvq muv‡U †gvÏv 2wU K_v ejv nBqv‡Q Ñ 1. GBme KweZv GKw`‡K Ôj¾veZx jZvÕ, 2. Ab¨w`‡K Bnv‡`i wfZ‡i iwnqv‡Q ÔRxebg„Z¨z †iŠ`ªQvqv SwUKvi eviZvÕ| Avgv‡`i Ghver Avjv‡c, KweZvi Avwg-i wfZi bvixmËvi †h-e¨vcK cÖKvk †Lqv‡Z jÿ Kwijvg, Kwei c‡njv BkvivwU †h †mBw`‡KB, Zvnv †eva Kwi †Ui cvIqv †Mj| †mB be D‡b¥vwPZ bvixK‡Éi eªxovi mwnZ nq‡Zv ev †dvo‡bi gZ wgwkqv‡Q e½f½RwbZ mgvRev¯ÍeZvi cÖwZ Zuvnvi Clr Uvbvc‡obRvZ ms‡KvP| GLb, Kwei †`vmiv BkvivwU Kx, Zvnv Avgv‡`i eywSevi †Kv‡kk Kwi‡Z nB‡e| Kx †mB SwUKvi eviZv hvnv Rxebg„Z¨z i †iŠ`ªQvqv †f` Kwiqv QywUqv Avwm‡Z‡Q? DËiwU Luwy Rqv cvB‡Z Kwei †`Iqv GB GRvnvi nq‡Zv Avgv‡`i wKQy mvnviv w`‡Z cv‡i Ñ mviv w`‡bi MÜMxwZ/ mviv w`‡bi Av‡jvi ¯§„wZ/ wb‡q G †h ü`qev‡i aivq AebZv Ñ / Avgvi j¾veZx jZv| A_©vr eZ©gv‡bi GB Awfe¨w³i wcQ‡b Kwei c~eR © xe‡bi ¯§„wZ I AwfÁZvi Awbevh© wKQy f‚wgKv iwnqv wMqv‡Q| Zvnv nB‡j MxZvÄwj c‡e© wMqv †Lqvi KweZvi e¨vL¨v bv Luwy Rqv Avgv‡`i wcQ‡bi w`‡K nuvwU‡Z nB‡e| Avwg-i GB mËv cwieZ©‡b Zzwg-i f‚wgKv wKQy Av‡Q wKbv, Zzwg-i GB ÔcÖ”QbœÕZvi wcQ‡b Avwg-i †Kvb msKU wµqvkxj, VvKz‡ii cyiv‡bv Mvb I KweZvi wfZi Zvnvi †Kv‡bv Bw½Z Av‡Q wKbv, Luwy Rqv †`wL‡Z nB‡e|

iv bvwn †`q ivav

†Lqvi KweZv cÖm‡½ wKQy c~‡e© Avgiv ewjjvg e‡U Ôbe D‡b¥wlZ bvixK‡ÉiÕ K_v, wKš‘ evP¨v‡_© †mK_v mwn bv| †mB cÖ_g Zviæ‡Y¨i fvbywmsn VvKz‡ii c`vejx‡ZB †Zv VvKzi ivavi eqv‡b GKvwaK KweZv wjwLqv‡Qb, hvnvi wfZi A‡bK¸wj Mvb wnmv‡e AvRI wecyj RbwcÖq| cwiYZ eq‡m Aek¨ GB¸wj jBqv Zuvnvi gšÍe¨ wQj, Ôfvbywms‡ni m‡½ ˆeòewP‡Ëi AšÍi½ AvZ¥xqZv †bBÕ| Zey, Kwo I †Kvgj (cÖ. 1293) KweZvewni wKQy KweZv‡ZI kÖxivavi ZiæYx ü`‡qi AvKzjZv Avwmqv aiv w`qv‡Q| †hgb Ñ 1. I‡Mv, †kv‡bv †K evRvq!/ ebdz‡ji gvjvi MÜ euvwki Zv‡b wg‡k hvq| (ÔeuvwkÕ) 2. IB euvwk¯^i Zvi Av‡m ev‡i ev‡i,/ †mB ïay †Kb Av‡m bv!/ GB ü`q-Avmb k~b¨ †h _v‡K,/ †Ku‡` g‡i ïay evmbv| (ÔweinÕ) 3. Avi wb‡q hv ivavi wei‡ni fvi,/ KZ Avi †X‡K ivwL ej&| Avi cvwim hw` †Zv Avwbm nwi‡q/ GK †duvUv Zvi AuvwLRj| (wejvc) 4. I‡Mv †K hvq euvkwi evRv‡q!/ Avgvi N‡i †Kn bvB †h!/ .../ mviv wefveix Kvi c~Rv Kwi/ †hŠebWvjv mvRv‡q! (ÔMvbÕ) KweZv 4wUB †cÖg-ch©v‡qi Mvb wnmv‡eI eûkÖæZ| VvKz‡ii cÖ_gRxe‡bi Av‡iv K‡qKwU Mv‡bI Avwg-i evP‡b GBfv‡e ivavi gZ †Kv‡bv weinx bvixi KÉB †hb evwRqv D‡V Ñ 1. mLx, IB eywS euvwk ev‡R Ñ ebgv‡S wK gbgv‡S|/ .../ hve wK hve bv wg‡Q G fvebv,/ mLx wg‡Q gwi †jvKjv‡R| (†cÖg : †cÖg ˆewPΨ, 1291) [ÔbwjbxÕ] 2. gwi †jv gwi, Avgvq euvwk‡Z †W‡K‡Q †K|/ .../ ï‡bwQ †Kvb&KÄ z e‡b hgybvZx‡i/ muv‡Si †ejvq ev‡R euvwk ax‡i mgx‡i Ñ (†cÖg : †cÖg ˆewPΨ, cÖ. ˆekvL, 1291) [ÔcÖKw… Zi cÖwZ‡kvaÕ] 3. mLx, Avgvwi `yqv‡i †Kb Avwmj/ wbwk‡fv‡i †hvMx wfLvix|/ .../ Zv‡i WvwKe wK wdivBe ZvB fvwe †jv| (†cÖg : †cÖg ˆewPΨ, cÖ. ˆekvL, 1300) 4. GL‡bv Zv‡i †Pv‡L †`wL wb, ïay euvwk ï‡bwQ Ñ / gb cÖvY hvnv wQj w`‡q †d‡jwQ|/ ï‡bwQ gywiwZ Kv‡jv Zv‡i bv †`LvB fv‡jv| (†cÖg : †cÖg ˆewPΨ, cÖ. ˆekvL, 1300)

85


5. wnqv Kuvwc‡Q my‡L wK `y‡L mLx,/ †Kb bq‡b Av‡m evwi|/ .../ †`Lv n‡j mLx †mB cÖvYeua‡~ i Kx ewje bvwn Rvwb| (†cÖg : †cÖg ˆewPΨ, cÖ. ˆekvL, 1300) GB ivavfvewUB †Lqv-c~e© cÖvq mKj KweZvewn‡Z wKQy wKQy KweZvi Avwg-i eqv‡b Av‡iv AbykxwjZfv‡e BZ¯ÍZ aiv w`qv‡Q| GB cÖm‡½ gvbmx-i Ôe¨³ †cÖgÕ, Ը߇cÖgÕ I Ôfv‡jv K‡i e‡j hvIÕ, †mvbvi Zix-i Ôe¨_© †hŠebÕ, ÔcÖZ¨vL¨vbÕ I Ôj¾vÕ, wPÎv-i ÔmvšÍb¡ vÕ, ÔM„nkÎæÕ I ÔDrmeÕ, ÔKíbvi gvR©bvÕ, Ô¯úa©vÕ, Ôåó jMœÕ, ÔcÖYq cÖkÕœ , ÔwfLvix, jw¾ZvÕ I ÔmKiæYvÕ, ÿwYKv-i ÔweinÕ BZ¨vw` KweZvi D‡jøL Kiv hvq| cÖ”Qbœ ev kbv³‡hvM¨fv‡e bvixmËvB GBme KweZvi cÖ_gcyiæ‡l K_v ewjqv‡Q| Aek¨ kZ kZ KweZvi wfZi gvÎB GB K‡qKwU KweZv‡K Kwei w`K nB‡Z cÖ¯‡^ ii GK ai‡bi ˆewPΨ m„wói cÖqvm ewjqv bw›`Z Kwiqv Qvwoqv †`Iqv hvq| wkí‰bcy‡Y¨i bgybv QvovI Kweg‡bi w¯’wZ¯’vcKZvi bwRi wnmv‡eI KweZv¸wj‡K Avgiv MY¨ Kwi‡Z cvwi| †h-w¯’wZ¯’vcKZvi e‡k, gb Zvnvi wbf…‡Z wewfbœ mËvi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRbgvwdK Kvgiv ˆZqvi Kwiqv jB‡Z cv‡i| †h-†Kv‡bv Kvgivi `‡ivRv LywkgZ †LvjveÜ Kwi‡Z cv‡i| `iKv‡i gv‡Si `‡ivRv Lywjqv GNi-INiI Kwi‡Z cv‡i| Dc‡ii IB mvgvb¨ KqwU KweZv ev` w`‡j, ewn¸wji Aci me KweZvq GK cyiælmËvB cÖ_gcyiæ‡l K_v ewj‡e, BnvB †Zv cÖZ¨vwkZ| wVK Zvnv Aek¨ N‡U bvB| GKwU wbi‡cÿ mËv, hvnv‡K KwemËv ejv hvq, Zvnvi Dcw¯’wZ imwb®úwËi GKwU fvimv‡g¨ †cuŠQvB‡Z Avgv‡`i wejKzj mvnvh¨ Kwiqv‡Q| GLb GB cyiælmËv I KwemËvi wewfbœ eqv‡bi wfZi w`qv GKwU mswÿß mdi Avgv‡`i mvwiqv jB‡Z nB‡e, hvnv‡Z Zvnv‡`i msKU I msKí¸wj Avgiv wKQy`i~ ¯úk© Kwi‡Z cvwi| Avwg I Zzwg-i †Kvb& Uvbvc‡ob AwZµg Kwiqv Kwe †Lqv-†Z Avwmqv cuûwQ‡jb, Zvnv wKQy`i~ †Ui cvB‡Z cvwi| Ghver D‡jøwLZ Mvb-KweZv¸wj‡Z GKZidvfv‡e ivaviB AšÍ‡e©`bvi cÖKvk NwU‡Z †`wL| Kwo I †Kvgj-Gi Ôg_yivÕq KweZvq cvB K…ò-i eqvb Ñ GKevi iv‡a iv‡a WvK&evu wk g‡bvmv‡a| wKš‘ AKz¯j ’ †Zv e„›`veb bq, g_yiv| ZvB euvwk Avi ev‡R bv| K…ò‡K ZvB Av‡ÿc Kwi‡Z nq Ñ euvkwi evRv‡Z Pvwn, euvkwi evwRj KB? Ab¨w`‡K Mx‡Zv”Q¡vm KweZvi K_K, eûw`‡bi bxieZv fvwOqv evwRqv DVv euvwki my‡i Zvnvi wcÖqvi evZ©v ïwb‡Z cvq| GB KweZvewni †ek wKQy KweZvq Zxeª kixix †cÖ‡gi cÖKvk jÿ Kiv hvq| Ô¯ÍbÕ, ÔPz¤b^ Õ, ÔweembvÕ, ÔevûÕ, Ô†`‡ni wgjbÕ, ÔZbyÕ BZ¨vw` †mB kvixwiK KweZvewj ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB cyiæ‡li `„wó‡Z wee„Z| RbkÖæwZ, †`wnc`cjøegy`vig&kãeÜ e¨env‡i bvwK Kwe Rq‡`e cÖv_wgKfv‡e wKQy wØavMÖ¯Í wQ‡jb| VvKzi wKš‘ GB Zi‡½iB GKwU KweZvq AKzwÉZfv‡e cÖ¯vÍ e w`qv‡Qb Ñ `yLvwb PiY c‡o aiYxi Mvq Ñ/ `yLvwb Ajm ivOv †Kvgj PiY|/ .../ †nv_v †h wbVzi gvwU, ﮋ aivZj Ñ / G‡mv †Mv ü`‡q G‡mv, Szwi‡Q †n_vq/ jvRi³ jvjmvi ivOv kZ`j (ÔPiYÕ)| Aci GK KweZvi cyiælmËv †Kv‡bv ivLXvK bv KwiqvB †h-ZxeªZvi mv‡_ Zvnvi kixix AvwZ© cÖKvk Kwiqv‡Q, Zvnv nq‡Zv PgKcÖ`| wKš‘ Av‡iv jÿYxq nBj, Zvnvi Zi‡d bvwqKvi Kv‡Q AwZwi³ mwµqZvi `vwe †ck Kwievi D”Pvi‡Yi gb¯ÍËw¡ U Ñ wbwkw`b Kuvw` mLx wgj‡bi Z‡i †h wgjb ÿzavZzi g„Z¨z i gZb| jI jI †eu‡a jI †K‡o jI †gv‡i Ñ jI j¾v, jI e¯¿, jI AveiY|

86

Ñ Ôc~Y© wgjbÕ gvbmx-†Z (1297) Avwmqv Kwe ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB A‡bK cwiYZ| cyiælmËvi cvkvcvwk GLv‡b Kv‡qg nBqv‡Q GK wbi‡cÿ KwemËvI| Kwei †mB ˆbe©¨w³K fv‡l¨ wee„Z nB‡Z ïwb †cÖ‡gi cwiYwZ jBqv bvix I cyiæ‡li wewfbœ eqvb| cÖYqc‡e©i cÖ_g av°v mvgjvBevi ci cyiæ‡li ZË¡vwqZ Dcjwä Ñ g„rwcÐ cwoqv Av‡Q,/ †`eZv‡i †f‡O †f‡O K‡iwQ †Ljbv, ev, †Kb Zzwg g~wZ© n‡q G‡j,/ iwn‡j bv a¨vb-aviYvi! KvÐÁv‡bi cÖ‡ivPbvq †m GBevi †cÖg nB‡Z c~Rv‡K Avjv`v Kwiqv jB‡Z Pvq Ñ cÖvY w`‡q †mB †`exc~Rv †P‡qv bv †P‡qv bv Z‡e Avi| G‡mv _vwK `yBR‡b my‡L `yt‡L M„n‡Kv‡Y, †`eZvi Z‡i _vK& cy®ú-AN©¨fvi Ôcyiæ‡li Dw³Õ, 23 AMÖnvqY, 1887 bvix wKš‘ cyiæ‡li GB cÖZviYvi ZË¡‡K Zvnvi mnR fvlvq ZR©gv Kwiqv jq Ñ GLb n‡q‡Q eû KvR,/ mZZ i‡qQ Ab¨g‡b|/ me©Î wQjvg Avwg Ñ / GLb G‡mwQ bvwg/ ü`‡qi cÖvšÍ‡`‡k ÿz`ª M„n‡Kv‡Y (Ôbvixi Dw³Õ, 21 AMÖnvqY, 1887)| Z‡Ë¡i evwn‡i gvwUc„w_exi †h cyiæl, †m Aek¨ bvix-c~Rvi wel‡q cyiv ˆbe©¨w³K _vwK‡Z cv‡i bv| ¯^fveag© Abyhvqx bvixi Kv‡Q nvi gvwbqvB Zvnvi ¯^w¯Í Ñ Avwg g‡b Kwi hvB `~‡i,/ Zzwg i‡qQ wek¦R‡y o|/ hZ `~‡i hvB ZZB †Zvgvi/ KvQvKvwQ wdwi Ny‡i (ÔAvZ¥mgc©YÕ, 11 fv`ª, 1889)| Aek¨, GK`v ÔÿzavZzi g„Z¨z i gZbÕ †h-wgj‡bi Rb¨ gb wQj mZZ D`MÖxe, AvR †mB kixix AwfÁZvi weei‡Y jvwMqv‡Q wkíxi Uvb Ñ giY †hb AKv‡j Avwm/ w`‡q‡Q me euvab bvwk,/ Z¡wi‡Z †hb wM‡qwQ †`uv‡n/ RMr cicvi (ÔA‡cÿvÕ, 14 ˆR¨ô, 1888)| †mB wkíxB ¯’vbKv‡ji eû`~i nB‡Z AvwRKvi el©vw`‡bi wfZi w`qv ÔcvMwjbx ivwaKviÕ Db¥Ë Awfmvi I wPšÍb wein‡e`bvi QwewU g‡b g‡b Abyfe K‡i| Abyfe K‡i Ñ AvRI Av‡Q e„›`veb gvb‡ei g‡b/ .../ GL‡bv Kuvw`‡Q ivav ü`qKzwU‡i (ÔGKvj I †mKvjÕ, 21 ˆekvL, 1888)| ivavi GB ÔwPË`xY© Zxeª e¨vKzjZvÕi wfZi w`qv †h GK wPiKvjxb gZ©¨gvbexi AšÍ‡e©`bvB wVKivBqv cwo‡Z‡Q, ˆeòe KweZv †h wbQK †`ejxjv bq, Zvnvi DcRxe¨ †h wbZvšÍ †jŠwKK ÔcÖwZiRbxi Avi cÖwZw`e‡mi Zß †cÖgZ…lvÕ, GB cÖ¯vÍ ewU †mvbvi Zix‡Z (1298-1300) cuûwQqv †hb AviI wek`fv‡e DwVqv Avwmj| VvKzi ewjqv jB‡jb Ñ †`eZv‡i hvnv w`‡Z cvwi, w`B ZvB wcÖqR‡b Ñ wcÖqR‡b hvnv w`‡Z cvB, ZvB w`B †`eZv‡i; Avi cve †Kv_v! †`eZv‡i wcÖq Kwi, wcÖ‡q‡i †`eZv|  Ñ Ôˆeòe KweZvÕ, 18 Avlvp, 1299 fvwUqvwj Mv‡bi †jvKvqZ ivav MvwnqvwQj Ñ Avwg Kx †nwijvg R‡j †Mv bexb Kvwjqv iƒc| Avi wØR KvbvB‡qi evB`¨v KBb¨v gûqv cvjvq bvwqKvi D‡Ï‡k bvqK ewjqvwQj Ñ Zzwg nI Mwnb MvO Avwg WzBe¨v gwi| †mB AwfgyL‡K DëvBqv awiqv, VvKz‡ii GK KweZvi bvqK wb‡Ri Ôü`q-hgybvÕwU bvwqKvi mvg‡b †gwjqv awij, Avi DmKvwb w`j Ñ hw` giY jwf‡Z PvI, G‡mv Z‡e Suvc `vI/ mwjj-gv‡S| GB ÔgiYÕ ejv evûj¨ wgjb cÖ¯vÍ e, ZvB Ñ bxjv¤^‡i wKev KvR, Zx‡i †d‡j G‡mv AvR,/ †X‡K w`‡e me jvR mybxj R‡j (Ôü`q-hgybvÕ, 12 Avlvp, 1300)| BnvI GKfv‡e


bvwqKvi Kv‡Q wKQy evowZ mwµqZvi-mcÖwZfZvi cÖZ¨vkv| Bnv †Zv †Mj cyiælmËvi cÖwZwµqv| †mvbvi Zix-i KwemËvi KZ¸wj †gŠj Dcjwä VvKz‡ii cieZx© KweZvRxe‡bi nw`m cvIqvi Rb¨ LyeB Riæwi Av‡jv_v‡gi gZ RvwMqv Av‡Q| †m¸wj‡K Lye muv‡U wPwýZ Kwi‡Z Pvwn‡j GBfv‡e ejv hvq Ñ 1. wQ‡j †Ljvi mw½bx,/ GLb n‡qQ †gvi g‡g©i †Mwnbx,/ Rxe‡bi AwaôvÎx †`ex|  Ñ Ôgvbmmy›`ixÕ, 4 †cŠl, 1299 2. ¯^cœ UzwUqv evwn‡i‡Q AvR,/ `y‡Uv cvMj|/ †` †`vj&‡`vj&|  Ñ ÔSzjbÕ, 15 ˆPÎ, 1299 3. Avi KZ`~‡i wb‡q hv‡e †gv‡i/ †n my›`ix?/ e‡jv †Kvb&cv‡i wfwo‡e †Zvgvi/ †mvbvi Zix|  Ñ Ôwbiæ‡Ïk hvÎvÕ, 27 AMÖnvqY, 1300 Zzwg GB c„w_exi cÖwZ‡ewkbxi †g‡q Ñ KweZv‡K Z‡e GBfv‡eI Kíbv Kiv hvq! ¯^qs iex›`ªbv_, Rxebvb›` Ges f½e½xq Zuvnv‡`i DËimva‡Kiv evsjv KweZv‡K AvR B¯ÍK †h-Aewa Uvwbqv Avwbqv‡Qb, Zvnvi ch©‡eÿY wgbv‡ii U‡O `uvovB‡jI Bnv‡K GK Acwimxg wPÎKí ewjqv g‡b nq| †mB ÔKweZv, KíbvjZvÕB nBj Kwei eywbqvw` gvbmmy›`ix| c‡i, Rb¥všÍ‡ii Kíbvq, KweZvi m‡½ i³gvs‡mi gvbex GKvKvi nBqv wMqv‡Q Ñ wgj‡b AvwQ‡j euvav ïay GK VuvB, wei‡n UzwUqv evav AvwR wek¦gq e¨vß n‡q †MQ| ÔSzjbÕ KweZvq Kwe wb‡RiB GK Aci mËvi D‡b¥vP‡b Ôfv‡e we‡fvjÕ| †mB Aci mËvB Avwg-i Kv‡Q Zvnvi ea~ Ges wcÖqv| Ab¨w`‡K wbiæ‡Ïk hvÎv-i Ômy›`ixÕ, weg~ZZ © vi GK P‚ovšÍ bv›`wbK wbg©vY| GKRb m„Rbkxj gvby‡li mvg‡b Zvnvi wkíRxe‡bi †ivgvÂKi AwbðqZvq fiv md‡ii w`M&`k©bavix †KD wK _v‡K? gvbexg~wZ©i Avfv‡m eywS KweB Zvnv‡K evbvBqv Zz‡jb| †mB ÔgayinvwmbxÕB ZLb mgMÖ hvÎvc‡_i wbe©vK wbqš¿x nBqv D‡V| Zvnv‡K hZB cyQv hvK Ñ P‡jwQ wK‡mi A‡š^l‡Y, †m ïay bxi‡e nvwm‡ZB _v‡K| †Kv‡bv iv Kv‡o bv| †i †gvwnbx, †i wbôziv 1306 mvj Aewa iex›`ªbv‡_i c~Rvi Mvb ewj‡Z eªþmsMxZ, Avi eªþmsMxZ ewj‡Z eªvþmgv‡Ri agx©q bvbvb Abyôvb-Drme (gyL¨Z gv‡Nvrme) Dcj‡ÿ iwPZ Mvb| A_©vr ZL‡bv Aewa G¸wj gyL¨Z GKai‡bi mvgvwRK msMxZ| ZL‡bv ch©šÍ Kwei e¨w³MZ iPbvi †ÿÎ KweZv, Avi KweZvi mwnZ GBme eªþMvb †Kv‡bv mvsNwl©K ev †jb‡`wbK RvqMvq Lvov nq bvB| GB mgqKv‡j iwPZ wKQy Kg Ñ 500 Mv‡bi wfZi eªþmsMx‡Zi msL¨v cÖvq 200| Kwo I †Kvgj nB‡Z ÿwYKv ch©šÍ KweZvewn¸wji KweZvq myi-jvMv‡bv cÖvq Avavk‡ZK Mv‡bi wfZi gvÎ 3wU ev‡` †Kv‡bvwUB eªþmsMxZ nBqv D‡V bvB| †m¸wjI Kíbvi †kl 3wU KweZv, hvnviv 1306-Gi gv‡Nvrm‡e MxZ nBqvwQj| w`M‡šÍ ZLb ˆb‡e`¨ Avmbœ nBqv DwVqv‡Q| ZrKvjxb eªþmsMxZ¸wj‡K mvgvwRK Mvb ewjevi A_© GB bq †h, Zvnv‡`i K_‡Ki wfZi e¨w³i gyL”Qwe KL‡bv fvwmqv D‡V bv ev e¨w³i AvwZ¥K msKU †mLv‡b KLbB fvlv cvq bv| Rxe‡bi Avw`Zg wech©‡qi AšÍ‡e©`bv †hgb A™¢Z z fv‡e wgwkqv wMqvwQj †Rvovmuv‡Ki evwo‡Z AbywôZ eªvþmgv‡Ri mw¤§j‡b (9 gvN, 1291) MvIqv VvKz‡ii GB Mv‡b Ñ gv‡S gv‡S Ze †`Lv cvB, wPiw`b †Kb cvB bv| ev, cieZx© gv‡Nvrm‡ei GB Mvb¸wj‡Z Ñ †Kb, Rv‡M bv Rv‡M bv Aek civb Ñ / wbwkw`b A‡PZb a~wjkqvb (1292), ev, Avgvi hv Av‡Q Avwg mKj w`‡Z cvwi wb †Zvgv‡i bv_ (1293), BZ¨vw`| Zey, D‡jøwLZ

mgqKv‡ji eªþmsMx‡Z Avwg-i ¯^icÖ‡ÿc mgqgvwdK mvgvwRK| †mLv‡b f‚wg-i ¯^iƒ‡cI †Kv‡bv RwUjZv bvB| †h-RwUjZv Avgiv Ôgvbmmy›`ixÕ ev Ôwbiæ‡Ïk hvÎvÕq †`wLjvg| wPÎv KweZvewn‡Z (1300-1302) Avwmqv GB Zzwg Av‡iv eûgvwÎK nBqv DwVqv‡Q Ñ RM‡Zi gv‡S KZ wewPÎ Zzwg †n/ Zzwg wewPÎiƒwcYx/ .../ AšÍi-gv‡S Zzwg ïay GKv GKvKx/ Zzwg AšÍievwmbx (wPÎv, 18 AMÖnvqY, 1302)| GB Zzwg GKw`‡K †KŠZzKgqx I gvqvwebx, Ab¨w`‡K ÔAvgvi †cÖqmx, Avgvi †`eZv Avgvi wek¦iƒcxÕ (AšÍhv© gx, fv`ª, 1301)| GB ZzwgB †mB †`ex hvnvi Kv‡Q wb‡Ri mv_©KZv-e¨_©Zv DRvo Kwiqv †`Iqv hvq Ñ Zey I‡Mv, †`ex, wbwkw`b Kwi civbcY, ... ... ... hv wKQy Avgvi Av‡Q Avcbvi †kÖô ab w`‡ZwQ Pi‡Y Avwm Ñ AK…ZKvh©, AKw_Z evYx, AMxZ Mvb, wedj evmbvivwk|  Ñ ÔmvabvÕ, 4 KvwZ©K, 1301 mKj ZrciZv jBqv wPi-AZ…wßi GB †eva Ges evievi bZzbZi m„RbkxjZvi Db¥v`bvq RovBqv covi A`g¨ AvKv•ÿvi †h-bvU¨ VvKz‡ii wkíxmËvi GKwU †gŠj Dcv`vb, Zvnvi DÏxcb nBqv AZtci GB ewn‡Z bv‡Rj nBj ÔRxeb‡`eZvÕ| MZ kZvwaK eQi awiqv hvnv‡K jBqv G‡jg`vi‡`i wfZi ZK©-evnv‡mi cwimxgv bvB| Avgv‡`i bZzb Kwiqv †mB KvwRqvq XzwKqv Kvg bvB| 2/1wU K_v ïay jÿ Kwie| ÔwPÎvÕ KweZvi AšÍievwmbx, ÔAšÍhv© gxÕ KweZvi †cÖqmx I †`eZv, ÔmvabvÕi †`ex Ñ Bnviv mK‡jB bvixg~wZ©avix| Avi, Zvnv‡`i mwnZ K_biZ Avwg-I GKRb e¨Z¨qnxb cyiæl| wKš‘ ÔRxeb‡`eZvÕ KweZvi AšÍiZg, Rxebbv_ ev cÖv‡Yk? hvnvi D‡Ï‡k Avwg-i GB bqv weevncÖ¯vÍ e? b~Zb Kwiqv j‡nv Avievi wPicyivZb †gv‡i| b~Zb weev‡n euvwa‡e Avgvq bexb Rxeb-†Wv‡i| ÔRxeb‡`eZvÕ, 29 gvN, 1302 †mB Rxeb‡`eZv, cyiæl bvwK bvix! Aciƒc GK Rv`yev¯Í‡ei KweZv wmÜzcv‡i‡Z Avwmqv Avgv‡`i GB a›` wg‡U| Kv‡jv †Nvovq Pwoqv Ae¸wÉZv GK bvix †mB KweZvq, ivwÎi AÜKv‡i Kwe‡K †MÖdZvi Kwiqv jBqv hvq ARvbv mgy`Z ª x‡ii ARvbv cvnvwo ¸nvq| †PivwM Av‡jv‡K D¾¡j †mB ¸nvi wfZ‡i mvRv‡bv-†MvQv‡bv Kvgiv| cy‡ivwnZ Avwmqv †mLv‡b Kwei mwnZ †mB bvixi weevn w`j| wKš‘ bvixi cwiPq †Zv GL‡bv ARvbv| Kwe hLb wbiæcvqfv‡e ewj‡jb Ñ Ôme †`wLjvg †Zvgv‡i †`wL wb ïayÕ, ZLbB NwUj †mB Avðh© KvÐ Ñ myax‡i igYx `yevû Zzwjqv, Ae¸ÉbLvwb DVv‡q awiqv gayi nvwmj gy‡L bv Kwnqv evYx| PwKZ bqv‡b †nwi gyLcv‡b cwoby PiYZ‡j Ñ ÔGLv‡bI Zzwg Rxeb‡`eZv!Õ Kwnby bqbR‡j| †mB gaygLy , †mB g„`ny vwm, †mB myav-fiv AuvwL Ñ wPiw`b †gv‡i nvmvj Kuv`vj, wPiw`b w`j duvwK|  Ñ ÔwmÜzcv‡iÕ, 20 dvêyb, 1302 †evSv hvq, ¸nvi wfZ‡ii GB weevnwU, ÔRxeb‡`eZvÕ KweZvq cÖ¯vÍ weZ †mB bqv-weevn| hvnv ïay Rv`yev¯Í‡eB m¤¢e| Kv‡RB, Rxeb‡`eZv †h eªþmsMx‡Zi Zzwg bq, GK_v †eva nq Szwu K bv jBqvB ejv hvq| ÔbxieZš¿xÕ KweZvi Ôfeb`xZx‡i üw`gw›`‡iÕi

87


†`eZvI GK †`ex, hvnv‡K exYKvi Zvnvi exYvi GKwU gvÎ †mvbvi Zvi AN©¨ w`qv Avwmqv‡Q| GBfv‡e, AšÍievwmbx, AšÍhv© gx, †cÖqmx, †`ex, Rxeb‡`eZv ev Ae¸É‡b XvKv ÔARvwbZ ea~Õ Ñ me wgjvBqv bvbv wKwm‡gi Zzwg-i GK Ac~e© AviK nBqv DwVqv‡Q wPÎvi Zzwg| VvKz‡ii Avcb mvÿ¨ nBj GB Zzwg, Avwg-iB ÔGKwU hyM¥mËvÕ, ÔG †hb Aa©bvixk¦‡ii g‡Zv fveLvbvÕ| GB e¨vL¨v, Aek¨ KweZv iPbvi cÖvq mv‡o Pvi `kK cieZx©| ˆPZvwj‡Z (1302-03) Avevi bvix‡K ÔA‡a©K gvbex Zzwg A‡a©K KíbvÕ (gvbmx, 28 ˆPÎ, 1302) ejv nBqv‡Q| GKB w`‡bi Aci KweZv‡ZI ejv nBqv‡Q ÔZzwg G g‡bi m„wóÕ| †mB m~‡Î †cÖg I c~Rvi GKwU mgxKiYI duvm Kiv nBqv‡Q Ñ g‡bi AbšÍ Z…òv g‡i wek¦ Nywi wgkvq †Zvgvi mv‡_ wbwLj gvayix Zvi c‡i gbMov †`eZv‡i, gb BnKvj ciKvj K‡i mgc©Y|  Ñ ÔbvixÕ, 28 ˆPÎ, 1302 A_©vr bvixB †mB Aviva¨ †`eZv| †cÖg I c~Rvi wfZi Avm‡jB ZL‡bv †Kv‡bv Ø›Ø bvB| KviY Ñ hv‡i e‡j fv‡jvevmv, Zv‡i e‡j c~Rv| †mB ü`qvbyfw‚ Zi Av‡jv‡ZB mviv c„w_ex Av‡jvwKZ nBqv D‡V Ñ Zzwg G‡j Av‡M Av‡M `xc j‡q K‡i,/ Ze cv‡Q cv‡Q wek¦ cwkj AšÍ‡i (ÔwcÖqvÕ, 28 ˆPÎ, 1302)| wcÖq bvixB nBqv D‡V wek¦mw„ ói Avavi Ñ wbZ¨Kvj gnv‡cÖ‡g ewm wek¦fc ‚ / †Zvgv-gv‡S †nwi‡Qb AvZ¥cÖwZiƒc (Ôa¨vbÕ, 28 ˆPÎ, 1302)| Avw`cÖY‡qi Abya¨vb ZvB wein‡e`bvq eo Abvqv‡m Kwe‡K QvBqv _v‡K Ñ P‡j †M‡Q †gvi exYvcvwY/ KZw`b nj †m bv Rvwb (ÔMxZnxbÕ, 13 ˆPÎ, 1302)| ¯^‡cœi wfZi AvRI †m wdwiqv wdwiqv Av‡m Ñ †m ïay AvKzj †Pv‡L bxi‡e Mfxi †kv‡K/ ïavBj, ÔKx n‡q‡Q †Zvi?Õ/ Kx ewj‡Z wM‡q cÖvY †d‡U nj kZLvb/ ZLwb fvwOj Nyg‡Nvi (Ô¯^cÕœ , 14 ˆPÎ, 1302)| GKw`b gvbylwU me©¯^ QvBqv wQj| AvR Pvwiw`‡K ïay Zvnvi bv-_vKvi PviY Ñ AvwR †m AbšÍ we‡k¦ Av‡Q †Kvb&Lv‡b/ ZvB fvwe‡ZwQ ewm mRj bqv‡b (Ô¯§„wZÕ, 7 kÖveY, 1303)| AvR Zvnvi bv-_vKvUvB me©e¨vß Ñ AuvwL Zvi K‡n †hb †gvi gy‡L Pvwn, ÔAvR cÖv‡Z me cvwL DwVqv‡Q Mvwn Ñ ïay †gvi Kɯ^i G cÖfvZev‡q AbšÍ RMr-gv‡S wM‡q‡Q nviv‡q|Õ  Ñ ÔwejqÕ, 7 kÖveY, 1303 wKš‘ VvKzi wK GB ÔRxe‡bi R¡iÕ nB‡Z wb®‹w… Z Pvb? evsjvi GKwU kZK †kl nBqv bZzb kZK ïiæ nBqv wMqv‡Q| 40-Gi `‡ivRvi KvQvKvwQ cuûwQqv wZwbI †hb Rxe‡bi GK bZzb ch©v‡qi AvmbœZvwU‡K Avj‡Zv Abyfe Kwi‡Z‡Qb| hw`I K¬vwšÍ Avwm‡Q A‡½ bvwgqv, Zey, Kíbv (1304-08) KweZvewni cÖ_g KweZv‡ZB Kwe Ñ Av‡Q ïay cvLv, Av‡Q gnv bf-A½b (Ô`ytmgqÕ, 15 ˆekvL, 1304), ewjqv, wfZ‡i wfZ‡i †mB bZzb mg‡qi Rb¨ ˆZqvi nBqv DwV‡Z‡Qb| weiwZnxbfv‡e bvbviKg Mvb I KweZvI wjwLqv Pwj‡Z‡Qb| KL‡bv Pjbwe‡j S‡oi wfZi Ujgj †ev‡U ewmqv Mvb euvwa‡Z‡Qb Ñ hw` eviY Ki, Z‡e Mvwne bv (Ôms‡KvPÕ, 9 Avwk¦b, 1304)| KL‡bv Avevi †Rvovmuv‡Kvi evwo‡Z Avgwš¿Z Ks‡MÖm †bZv‡`i mvg‡b Mvwn‡Z‡Qb m`¨iPv Ñ Awq fzebgb‡gvwnbx (ÔfviZj²xÕ, †cŠl, 1304)| cÖm½Z, Dcw¯’Z †bZv‡`i wfZi m`¨ `wÿY Avwd«Kv wdiZ e¨vwi÷vi MvwÜI iwnqv‡Qb| G‡nb mgq †mB cyivZb K‡É Ñ Avevi

88

AvnŸvb? †mB WvK ïwbqv Kwei cÖv_wgK cÖwZwµqvwU wK GKUz †ewk Zxeª nBqv †Mj? †i †gvwnbx, †i wbôziv I‡i i³‡jvfvZziv K‡Vvi ¯^vwgbx, w`b †gvi w`by †Zv‡i †k‡l wb‡Z Pvm nÕ‡i Avgvi hvwgbx?  Ñ ÔA‡klÕ, 25 ˆekvL, 1306 †kl ch©šÍ Aek¨ Kwe‡KB nvi gvwb‡Z nBj Ñ Avevi Pwjby wd‡i ewn K¬všÍ bZwk‡i/ †Zvgvi AvnŸvb| Ges †mwU †Kv‡bv wbgivwR cÖZ¨veZ©bI _v‡K bv †kl ch©š,Í †hb evsjv KweZviB GK RqhvÎvq cwiYZ nq †mB Pjv| Zzwg-I RwUjZi nBqv D‡V †KejB| wKš‘ Kvwnwb‡Z B‡Zvg‡a¨ wKQy Ab¨ †gvPoI Avwmqv nvwRi| 1305 mv‡ji 30 ˆPÎ S‡oi w`b iwPZ Ôel©‡klÕ KweZvq ÔAvb‡›` AvZ‡¼ wgwk, µ›`‡b Djøv‡m MiwRqv/ gË nvnvi‡eÕ †hb †mB Ôb~ZbÕ mnmv GK SjK gyL evovBj| Ôïay w`bhvc‡bi ïay cÖvYavi‡Yi MøvwbÕi avivevwnK AmnZv nB‡Z †m wK †Kv‡bv AfvweZ gyw³ Avwbqv w`‡e? Kwei B”Qv, †m GKevi Ôe‡Rªi Av‡jv‡ZÕ Kwe‡K Ôgnvb g„Z¨z i mv‡_ gy‡LvgywLÕ Kwiqv w`K| ÔZvi c‡i †d‡j `vI, P‚Y© K‡iv, hvnv B”Qv ZeÕ| GB Avi GK bZzb Zzwg-i mvÿvr cvBjvg Avgiv| †hwU †Lqvj Kwievi, GB Ab¨-Zzwgi Kv‡Q Av‡iv eû wKQyi mv‡_ VvKzi Zuvnvi Ôü`‡qi gy‡LÕ Ggb GKwU ÔdzrKviÕ Pvwnqv‡Qb, hvnv‡Z Zvnv k‡•Li gZ Ôg½jwb‡N©vlÕ Kwiqv D‡V| hvnv‡Z ÔRvMÖZ wP‡Ë gywbmg Dj½ wbg©j KwVb m‡šÍvlÕ RvwMqv D‡V| †mB k‡•Li Ôc~Y© D`vË aŸwb †e`Mv_v mvggš¿-mg/ mij M¤¢xiÕ| Ggb dzrKvi †Zv gvbmmy›`ix, AšÍievwmbx, AšÍhv© gx ev Rxeb‡`eZvi Kv‡Q KL‡bv PvIqv nq bvB! Z‡e wK eªþmsMx‡Zi Zzwg GZw`‡b KweZvi c„ôvq Zvnvi MÖxev evovB‡Z‡Q? KweZv nB‡Z iƒcvšÍwiZ Mv‡bi g‡a¨ GB cÖ_g Kíbvi 3wU KweZv‡K ZvB wK eªþmsMxZ wnmv‡e cvBjvg? GKjv _vKvi mv_©KZv ˆb‡e`¨i 100wU KweZvi wfZi 90wUB 1307 mv‡ji †cŠ‡li gvSvgvwS nB‡Z dvêy‡bi gvSvgvwS, GB 2 gv‡m iwPZ| BZ¨em‡i VvKzi fviZx cwÎKvq wPiKzgvi-mfv Dcb¨vm AvKv‡i wjwLqv Pwjqv‡Qb (ˆekvL, 1307-ˆR¨ô, 1308)| cvkvcvwk iwPZ nBqv‡Q ÿwYKvi KweZv¸wj| ˆb‡e`¨i `„p ¯ÍeKe‡Ü a¨vb¯’ nBevi Av‡M ÿwYKvi ¯^v`y PvÂj¨ †hb kxZNy‡g hvBevi Av‡M gnvbv‡Mi Avb›`b„Z¨| wKš‘ evP‡bi †mB PcjZv A‡bK RvqMvq †hb MfxiZi †Kv‡bv †evSvcovi QÙ-AveiY gvÎ| eyKfvOv †evSv †be bv †i Avi Zzwjqv, fzwjevi hvnv G‡Kev‡i hve fzwjqv, huvi †ewo Zuv‡i fvOv †ewo¸wj wdiv‡q eûw`b c‡i gv_v Zz‡j AvR D‡VwQ| GZw`b c‡i QywU AvR QywU gb †d‡j ZvB Qy‡UwQ| Ñ ÔD`vmxbÕ †Kvb& eyKfvOv †evSv enb bv Kwievi Lywk‡Z Ggb QywUi †bkv RvwM‡Z‡Q Kwei g‡b? Kvnvi †ewo fvwOqv Kvnv‡K wdivBqv w`‡Z‡Qb AvR? GB †ewo wbðq Ck¦‡ii bq| Z‡e Kvnvi! cyiv‡bv me eÜb¸wj nB‡Z GBfv‡e wb‡R‡K wew”Qbœ Kwiqv jBevi Awfgvb nB‡ZB nq‡Zv Ggb GK ¯^M‡Zvw³i Rb¥ Ñ


†Zvgvi _vKzK cwic~Y/© GKjv _vKvi mv_©KZv (Ô†kl wnmveÕ)| wKš‘ †mB †¯^”Qv-GKvwK‡Z¡i wfZ‡iI mnmv GKw`b GK `y‡h©v‡Mi ev`j mKv‡j Zzwg Avwmqv nvwRi Ñ GZw`b c‡i Zzwg †h G‡mQ/ Kx Rvwb Kx fvwe g‡b (Ô`yw`©bÕ, 1 Avlvp, 1307)| Zzwg-i dz‡ji mvwR AvR k~b¨| Mv‡Qi dzj¸wjI me Swiqv cwoqv Av‡Q wfRv gvwU‡Z| Avwg-†K ewj‡ZB nq Ñ Zey ÿYKvj i‡nv Z¡ivnxb,/ wQbœ Kzmgy c‡¼ gwjb/ f‚Zj nB‡Z hZ‡b Zzwjqv/ ay‡q ay‡q w`e ZvB| GB mvÿvrKv‡ii AwfNvZ Aek¨ gvÎ GKw`‡b _vwgqv _v‡K bv| †hb eûw`‡bi cÖZxÿvi Aemv‡b Avwg-i Av‡e‡Mi euva fvwOqv hvq Ñ eûw`b nj †Kvb& dvêy‡b/ wQby Avwg Ze fimvq;/ G‡j Zzwg Nb eilvq|/ .../ Avgvi civ‡b †h Mvb evRv‡e/ †m Mvb †Zvgvi K‡iv mvq (ÔAvwef©veÕ, 10 Avlvp, 1307)| wKš‘ Av‡M-†`Lv Zzwg-i Ô†mB ÿwYKv g~iwZ, AvR Avi bvB| †mB weMZ dvêy‡b Avwg-i Muv_v ÔhZ dzjnviÕ, meB AvR Zzwg-i Dcnvi wnmv‡e Zz”Q †eva nB‡Z‡Q| Zzwg-i Pjvi c‡_ Avcbv nB‡ZB †h-¯ÍeMvb evwRqv D‡V, Avwg eywS‡Z cv‡i Zvnvi Ô†Qv‡Uv exYvi ÿxY ZviÕ AvRI †mB myi evRvB‡Z wk‡L bvB| ZvB Avwg-i GB gg©vwšÍK Dcjwä Ñ †K RvwbZ †gv‡i GZ w`‡e jvR? †Zvgvi †hvM¨ Kwi bvB mvR, evmi-N‡ii `yqv‡i Kiv‡j c~Rvi AN©¨ weiPb Ñ G Kx iƒ‡c w`‡j `ikb| h_v‡hvM¨ Av‡qvR‡bi Afv‡ei Rb¨ ÿgv PvwnqvI Zzwg-i †Pv‡Li Av‡jvq Ô†eZ‡mi euvwkÕ-i g‡Zv evwRqv DwV‡Z Pvq ÔAvwef©veÕ KweZvi GB Avwg| ÔÿwY‡Ki cvZvi KzUx‡i/ cÖ`xcAv‡jv‡KÕ Zzwg-†K WvwKqv jBqv c~Rvi wfZi w`qv GBfv‡e Avwg †cÖ‡gi Abyf‡eB †cuŠQvB‡Z Pvq| nq‡Zv ZvB GB KweZvewni cwimgvwßwU N‡U wecixZ GK cUf‚wg‡Z| †mLv‡b mviv w`‡bi mKj c‡_i †k‡l Avwg †`‡L Ô†Zvgvi bxie wbf…Z fe‡b/ Rvwb bv KLb cwkby †Kg‡bÕ| AevK Avwg Av‡iv jÿ K‡i †h, Zvnvi cÖvY Ôb~Zb Mv‡bi i‡eÕ evwRqv DwVqv‡Q| †mLv‡b Zzwg-i ZrciZvI Avwg-†K wenŸj Kwievi c‡ÿ h‡_ó Ñ iæwaqv w`‡qQ Ze evZvqb, weQv‡bv i‡q‡Q kxZj kqb, †Zvgvi mܨvcÖ`xc-Av‡jv‡K Zzwg Avi Avwg GKv| Ñ ÔmgvwßÕ Kvgivi RvbvjvwUI eÜ| weQv‡bv iwnqv‡Q kxZj kh¨v| R¡wj‡Z‡Q ïay GKwU wbf…Z cÖ`xc| Zzwg Avi Avwg m¤ú~Y© GKvKx| wKš‘ bvbv mvgvwRKZvi Pv‡c, Zzwg-i mv‡_ Avwg-i GB AšÍiZg †Mvcb weRb m¤úK©wU cÖKv‡k¨ enb Kiv Kwei w`K nB‡Z µ‡gB AmyweavRbK nBqv DwV‡Z‡Q Ñ †gvi gy‡L †c‡j †Zvgvi Avfvm/ KZ R‡b K‡i KZ cwinvm (AšÍiZg, 3 Avlvp, 1307)| ü`‡qi GKv‡šÍ Zzwg-†K enb Kwiqv Pwjevi Rb¨ ZvB GLb bvbv †KŠkj G‡¯Ígvj Kwi‡Z nBj Ñ 1. bvbv Q‡j ZvB WvwK †h †Zvgvq,/ †Kn wKQy bv‡i Kwn‡Z| 2. Rv‡b bv †Zv †Kn KZ bvg w`‡q/ GK bvgLvwb †X‡KwQ| 3. bvbv ivwMYx‡Z w`‡q bvbv Zvb,/ GK Mvb ivwL †Mvc‡b| 4. bvbv gyLcv‡b AuvwL †g‡j PvB,/ †Zvgv-cv‡b PvB ¯^c‡b| Ges, GB ch©v‡qi me©vwaK ¸iæZ¡cY~ © †KŠkjwU nBj, QÙ‡ekaviY Ñ

ewj †b †Zv Kv‡i, mKv‡j weKv‡j †Zvgvi c‡_i gv‡S‡Z, euvwk ey‡K j‡q webv Kv‡R Avwm †eovB QÙ-mv‡R‡Z| wcÖq cvwVKv wcÖq cvVK, 1307 mv‡ji evsjv‡`‡ki cwiw¯’wZ †Zv wKQy iæk wecøe-cieZx© †mvwf‡qZ BDwbq‡bi gZ wQj bv †h, cÖKv‡k¨ Ck¦‡ii bvgMvb Kwi‡j c‡_Nv‡U †Kn `yqv w`‡e ev †Mv‡q›`v cywjk Ggb wcQ‡b jvwM‡e †h, QÙ‡ek awi‡Z nB‡e| we‡kl Avgv‡`i Kwe cÖfvekvjx †Rvovmuv‡Kv VvKzievwoi m`m¨| gnwl© †`‡e›`ªbv‡_i cyÎ| weL¨vZ Kwe| ZLb B¯ÍK cÖvq 200 eªþmsMx‡Zi iPwqZv| Ck¦i Abyiw³i cÖKvk Zuvnvi 40 eQ‡ii Aw¯Í‡Z¡i mwnZ Ggb IZ‡cÖvZfv‡e hy³ †h, Zvnv jBqv †h †Kv‡bviKg jyKvQvcvi K_v DwV‡Z cv‡i, ZvnvB Avð‡h©i| Kv‡RB, m¤úK© envj ivwLevi Rb¨ hLb QÙ‡ek awievi K_v DwV‡Z‡Q, ÿwYKvi GB Zzwg Avi hvnvB nDK Ck¦i nB‡Z cv‡i bv| GB ÔAšÍiZgÕ nBj †mB Zzwg, hvnv‡K VvKzi GZ eQi awiqv bvbv Q‡j bvbv bvg w`qv bvbv ivwMYx‡Z WvwKqv‡Qb| KL‡bv gvbmmy›`ix, KL‡bv Rxe‡bi AwaôvÎx †`ex, KL‡bv AšÍievwmbx, KL‡bv AšÍhv© gx, KL‡bv Rxeb‡`eZv, KL‡bv Avevi K‡Vvi ¯^vwgbx| Avgv‡`i eZ©gvb Avjv‡c Avgiv †`wLqvwQ Bnv GKwU RwUj I eû¯Íi gyL”Qwe| Bnvi ci‡Z ci‡Z wgwkqv Av‡Q 1. ÔKweZv, KíbvjZvÕ, 2. Avwg-iB ÔGKwU hyM¥mËvÕ Ges 3. Rxe‡bi Avw` I Abc‡bq cÖYq| GKw`‡K eªþmsMx‡Zi mij Zzwg, Aciw`‡K KweZvq AšÍiZg GB RwUj Zzwg, we‡ivwaZvnxb GB 2 Kvgiv jBqv w`e¨ Pwj‡ZwQj VvKz‡ii fv‡ei RMr| wKš‘ †Kv‡bv mij‰iwLK MwZi m~Î gvwbqv †Zv gvby‡li Rxeb iwPZ nq bv, Avgiv hZB Zvnv nB‡Z AvciæwP BwZe„Ë evbvB| gvby‡li fvebvwPšÍvI g‡bvwe‡`i myweav‡_©, †PŠLywc Kvgivi gZ `‡ivRv Rvbvjv AuvwUqv, wb‡R‡`i mv‡i mv‡i mvRvBqv, nvwRi nq bv| Kwe‡`i g‡bvRMr †Zv AviI inm¨gq, Zvnvi nw`k Kweiv wb‡RivI †Ui cvb wKbv m‡›`n Ñ Mfxi wbf…‡Z †gvi gvSLv‡b/ Kx †h Av‡Q Kx †h bvB †K ev Rv‡b (DrmM© 33 bs)| GKwU mgqKv‡ji cÖZ¨vwkZ I AfvweZ NUbvZi½, †mBme NUbvmv‡cÿ Ges wbi‡cÿ fvebvZi½, AšÍ‡j©v‡K wewfbœ Zi‡½i cvi¯úwiK HK¨ I AšÍNv© Z, wgjb I wein, me wgjvBqv GK wewPÎ kw•Lj web¨vm ˆZqvi nq g‡bvRM‡Z| K‡Vvi mvabvi wfZi w`qv Kwe nq‡Zv †mB ci¯úi -`~ivš^qx Ae¯’vb‡K wKQyUv wbqwš¿Z Kwievi, GKgyLx Kwievi, cÖqvm jb| k‡•Li wfZi w`qv GKwU wbw`©ó myi evwni K‡ib| KL‡bv DrmvwiZ nq wewPÎ ivMgvjv| †h †Kv‡bv Kvi‡YB nDK, VvKzi wb‡Ri 40 eQi c~wZ©wU‡K Rxe‡bi GKwU Riæwi ce©‡”Q` ewjqv awiqv jBqvwQ‡jb| ÿwYKvq wb‡Ri cyiv‡bv Rxeb‡K wZwb GBfv‡e we`vq RvbvB‡jb Ñ A‡bK †Ljv A‡bK †gjv,/ mKjB †kl KÕ‡i/ Pwjø‡kiB Nv‡Ui †_‡K/ we`vq w`by †Zv‡i (Ô†hŠeb-we`vqÕ)| Ges wb‡R‡K eySvB‡jb Ñ GLb Gj Ab¨ my‡i/ Ab¨ Mv‡bi cvjv,/ GLb Muv‡_v Ab¨ dz‡j Ab¨ Quv‡`i gvjv (Ôwejw¤^ZÕ, 26 ˆR¨ô, 1307)| K‡qK gv‡mi wfZ‡iB †mB ÔAb¨ myiÕ ÔAb¨ Quv‡`iÕ KweZv DrmvwiZ nB‡Z _vwKj| m„wó nBj ˆb‡e`¨| eªþmsMx‡Zi RMr Avwmqv Wvbv we¯Ívi Kwij KweZvq| ÿwYKvq †mB †h Kwe wb‡R‡K eySvBqvwQ‡jb Ñ †Zvgvi _vKzK cwic~Y/© GKjv _vKvi mv_©KZv, ˆb‡e`¨‡Z Avwmqv GK A‡_© GKvB nBqv †M‡jb wZwb| KviY AskZ bZzb cÖK‡l©i DPvU‡b, AskZ †jvKj¾vi f‡q, GZw`bKvi Zzwg-†K wZwb ÔPwjø‡kiB Nv‡Ui †_‡K we`vq w`qvÕ Avwm‡jb| GLb Aek¨ bZzb

89


Kwiqv GK bZzb Zzwg-†K wbg©vY Kwiqv jBevi msMÖvg ïiæ nB‡e| GBevi †mB w`‡KB bRi w`B Avgiv|

†Kvb weiwnYx bvix

wKQy Av‡M †h gšÍe¨ KwiqvwQ, ˆb‡e`¨i KweZvq eªþmsMx‡Zi RMr Avwmqv Wvbv †gwjj, ejv fvj, Bnv eqv‡bi AvaLvbv gvÎ| Kv‡RB Bnv Aa©mZ¨, hvnv bvwK wg_¨v nB‡ZI fq¼i! ˆPZvwj m¤ú‡K© iex›`ªbv_ GKevi ewjqvwQ‡jb, †mB ewni A‡bK KweZvq ÔMv‡bi †e`bv Av‡Q, wKš‘ Mv‡bi iƒc †bBÕ| GB K_v nB‡Z muvU jBqv ejv hvq †h, VvKz‡ii cÖvK& ˆb‡e`¨ eªþmsMxZ¸wj‡Z cÖvqkB KweZvi iƒc wQj wKš‘ KweZvi †e`bv wQj bv| e¨w³MZ D”Pvi‡Yi cwimi Kg _vKv‡ZB GgbwU NwUqvwQj| mvgvwRK AbykvmK Ges ÎvZv GKRb Ck¦i, KvVv‡gvew›` I AbycvwR©Z GKRb Ck¦i, Bnvi e`‡j, VvKz‡ii KweZvRxe‡b GBevi †hB GKRb e¨w³MZ Ck¦‡ii cÖ‡qvRb †`Lv w`j, msMx‡Zi AwbevwiZ Ewg©gvjv Avwmqv †mB A¯úwk©Z f‚L‡Ði Dci jvdvBqv cwoj| Kíbvi †kl 3wU KweZv nB‡ZB GB cÖwµqv ïiæ| ˆb‡e`¨‡Z Mv‡bi msL¨v `uvovBj 17| †Lqv nBqv Av‡iv wKQy c‡i MxZvÄwj c‡e© wMqv Mvb Avi KweZv cÖvq GKvKvi nBqv hvB‡e| wKš‘ †mB Mv‡bi c‡_ ˆb‡e`¨ †klZK Pwj‡Z cvwij KB! cÖ_g wKQy KweZvi ciB iƒc I gb‡bi w`K w`qv Zvnv GK Mvbnxb mvabvi c‡_ cv evoBqv‡Q| cÖwZw`b Ze Mv_v/ Mve Avwg mygayi (18 bs), GB ï‡f”Qv nB‡Z Zvnv †cuŠQvBqv‡Q wecixZ msK‡í Ñ ïay gvayh-© gvSv‡i/ Pvwn bv wbgMœ K‡i ivwL‡Z ü`q (82 bs)| KweZvi fvjg›` ev L¨vwZ-AL¨vwZ bq, ˆb‡e`¨‡Z †h GB K‡Vvi mvabvi w`KwUB VvKz‡ii Kv‡Q wbi¼zk nBqv DwVqvwQj, Zvnv Zuvnvi mgmvgwqK fvebvi wfZ‡iI cÖwZdwjZ| ˆb‡e`¨ cÖKv‡ki ci wcÖq eÜz RM`xkP›`ª‡K GKwU wPwV‡Z wZwb wj‡Lb (kÖveY, 1308) Ñ ˆb‡e`¨‡K Avwg Avgvi Ab¨vb¨ eB‡qi gZ †`wL bv| †jv‡K hw` e‡j wKQyB eywS‡Z cvwi‡ZwQ bv ev fvj nq bvB Z‡e Zvnv‡Z Avgvi ü`q ¯úk© K‡i bv| ˆb‡e`¨ huvnv‡K w`qvwQ wZwb hw` Dnv mv_©K K‡ib †Zv Kwi‡eb Ñ Avwg Dnv nB‡Z †jvK¯‘wZ ev †jvKwb›`vi †Kvb `vexB ivwL bv| wKš‘ ˆb‡e`¨i GB mvabvi avivevwnKZv‡ZB wK VvKzi µ‡g MxZvÄwj Aewa †cuŠQvB‡jb? ˆb‡e`¨‡Z Kwei Ô†kl wb‡e`bÕ wQj Ñ exh© †`‡nv †Zvgvi Pi‡Y cvwZ wki/ Anwb©k Avcbv‡i ivwLev‡i w¯’i (99 bs)| †`Lv hvDK, GB KweZv wjLvi GK eQ‡ii wfZi †mB exh©-ˆ¯’h© †Kv_vq wMqv †cuŠQvBj| Kwei g‡bi †mKvjxb Ae¯’vwU aiv Av‡Q ˆfiex-GKZvjvq euvav GKwU Mv‡b| MvbwUi †Kv‡bv ¯^iwjwc bvB| †Kv‡bv Mv‡bi ewn‡ZI Kwei RxebKv‡j GwU cÖKvk cvq bvB| ZrKvjxb mgv‡jvPbx cwÎKvi gvN-dvêb, 1308 msL¨vq cÖKvwkZ GB MvbwU eZ©gv‡b MxZweZvb 3q L‡Ð c~Rv I cÖv_©bv ch©v‡q msKwjZ Ñ I‡Mv †`eZv Avgvi, cvlvY‡`eZv, üw`gw›`ievmx, †Zvgvwi Pi‡Y DRvo K‡iwQ mKj Kzmgy ivwk| cÖfvZ Avgvi mܨv nBj, AÜ nBj AuvwL| G c~Rv wK Z‡e meB e„_v n‡e| †Ku‡` wK wdwi‡e `vmx| Gevi cÖv‡Yi mKj evmbv mvRv‡q G‡bwQ Lvwj| Auvavi †`wLqv AviwZi Z‡i cÖ`xc G‡bwQ R¡vwj| G `xc hLb wbwe‡e ZLb Kx i‡e c~Rvi Z‡i| `yqvi awiqv `uvov‡q iwne bq‡bi R‡j fvwm| †`eZv GLb cvlvY‡`eZv| Avwg-i mËv Rywoqv ˆ¯’‡h©i e`‡j GLb mskq, ex‡h©i e`‡j AkÖæ| Ges mg¯Í cyiælKvi wemR©b w`qv GB

90

AvKzj AvKzwZ Ñ †Ku‡` wK wdwi‡e `vmx| `vmx! wcÖq cvwVKv wcÖq cvVK, mnmv wK †Lqvi †mBme bvixmËvavix KweZv¸wji K_v g‡b cwoqv hvqwb? wKš‘ mgq eywS ZL‡bv cyiv cv‡K bvB| ZvB nq‡Zv GB MvbwU‡K myi-evYxm‡gZ †jvcvU Kwiqv w`‡Z nBj| Aci w`‡K ˆb‡e`¨i mvabvI GK ˆØcvqb PP©v nBqvB _vwKqv †Mj| NUbvµ‡g Aí wKQyw`‡bi wfZ‡iB VvKz‡ii e¨w³Rxe‡b me©MÖvmx K…òMnŸ‡ii gZ cici KZ¸wj gnvwech©‡qi nvbv`vwi| cÖ_‡g ¯¿xi g„Zz¨, 7 AMÖnvqY, 1309| Bnvi AwfNv‡Z ¯§iY Kve¨MÖ‡š’i 27wU KweZv QvovI, iwPZ nBqv‡Q K‡qKwU Awe¯§iYxq †kvKMvb| †hgb Ñ 1. Av‡Q `ytL, Av‡Q g„Zz¨, wein`nb jv‡M, 2. `ytLiv‡Z †n bv_, †K WvwK‡j, 3. k~b¨ nv‡Z wdwi †n bv_, c‡_ c‡_, 4. wbweo Nb Auvav‡i R¡wj‡Q aªæeZviv, 5. Mfxi iRbx bvwgj ü`‡q, BZ¨vw`| GB Mvb¸wj 1309 mv‡ji gv‡Nvrm‡e MxZ nq| cieZx© 2 eQ‡i iwPZ Mv‡bi msL¨v LyeB Kg| wKš‘ †kv‡Ki cÖv_wgK av°v¸wj KvwUqv hvBevi wKQy c‡i, GKB w`‡b (23 Avlvp, 1311) iwPZ GB Mvb 2wU jÿ Kwievi Ñ 1. Kx myi ev‡R Avgvi cÖv‡Y Rvwb, gbB Rv‡b|/ .../ mKvjmuv‡S eskx ev‡R, weKj K‡i mKj Kv‡R Ñ / evRvq †K †h wK‡mi Zv‡b| (†cÖg : †cÖg ˆewPΨ) 2. Zzwg †h Avgv‡i PvI Avwg †m Rvwb|/ †Kb †h †gv‡i Kuv`vI Avwg †m Rvwb|/ .../ mviv n‡j †`qv-†bqv w`bv‡šÍi †kl †Lqv/ †Kvb&w`K cv‡b evI Avwg †m Rvwb| (c~Rv : wbtmskq) Kwei cÖv‡Y Avevi euvwk evwR‡q DwVqv‡Q| Ômviv w`b bvbv Kv‡RÕi wfZi Zzwg Avevi Avwg-†K Ôbvbv mv‡R/ KZ my‡iÕ WvK w`‡Z‡Q| †Kb †h WvwK‡Z‡Q, Zvnv jBqv †Zv †Kv‡bv mskq bvB Ñ Zzwg †h Avgv‡i PvI Avwg †m Rvwb| Mvb 2wUi GKwU †cÖg I AciwU c~Rv ch©vq web¨¯Í nB‡jI, Zzwg-Avwg-i AvšÍtm¤ú‡K©i eybb, 2wU Mv‡bB mgvb gvayhg© wÐZ| ¯§i‡Y ivwL‡Z nq, B‡Zvg‡a¨ Kwei Amy¯’ Kb¨v †iYyKviI Rxebvemvb NwUqv‡Q, 28 fv`ª, 1310| Aí wKQyw`‡bi wfZi Avevi wcZ…we‡qvM, 6 gvN, 1311| GBme `yN©Ubvi ci¤úiv †h Kwe‡K LvwbK msmviwegyL Kwiqv Zzwj‡e, Zvnv‡Z Avð‡h©i wKQy bvB| Ava¨vwZ¥KZv †Zv Zuvnvi wfZi wQjB| wKš‘ Zvnvi wfZi AvkÖq LuywR‡Z wMqv ˆb‡e`¨i AwfÁZv GLb eo GKUv Kv‡R jvwMj bv| Zvnvi cÖ_g I cÖavb KviY, †mB ¯^íKvjxb AvkÖwgKZvi K‡VviZvi Abykvmb (ïay gvayh©-gvSv‡i/ Pvwn bv wbgMœ K‡i ivwL‡Z ü`q) m‡Ë¡I Kwei ü`‡qi AšÍtmwjj gvayh©i‡mi †Zv †Kv‡bv g„Zz¨ nBj bv| bwn‡j, gvZ…nviv wkïcy‡Îi g‡bvRMrwU‡K ¯úk© Kwievi ZvwM‡` wkïi (1310) KweZv¸wj wZwb wjwL‡Z cvwi‡Zb bv| GKUz Av‡M D‡jøwLZ 23 Avlvp, 1311 iwPZ Mvb 2wUI †mB gvayh©i‡mi bgybv| bZzbZi Ava¨vwZ¥KZvi Zvjv‡k ˆb‡e`¨i c_wU AevšÍi nBqv cwoevi wØZxq KviYwU nBj, Rxeb‡`eZvi AbyfvewU‡K kwgZ Kwi‡Z bv-cviv| ÿwYKvq ÔPwjø‡kiB Nv‡Ui †_‡KÕ hvnv‡K we`vq †`Iqv wMqv‡Q ewjqv fvev nBqvwQj, VvKzi †Ui cvBqv‡Qb, Zvnvi mvnPh© Qvov wek¦‡`eZvi bvMvj wgwj‡e bv| AbyR eÜz †gvwnZP›`ª †mb‡K wjLv mgmvgwqK GKwU wPwV‡Z (5 dvêb, 1309) Rxeb‡`eZv wel‡q Kwei Abyfw‚ ZwU aiv cwoqv‡Q| †mLv‡b ejv nBqv‡Q Ñ Ô†m Av‡Q, †m Avgv‡K fv‡jvev‡m, Zvnvi fv‡jvevmvi ØvivB Ck¦‡ii fv‡jvevmv Avwg jvf Kwi‡ZwQ|Õ cwiewZ©Z cwiw¯’wZ‡Z, Rxeb‡`eZvi ¯^iƒcwUI †mB wPwV‡Z cybwb©Yx©Z nBqv‡Q| †m ÔAvgvi AwZRM‡Zi mnPiÕ| Zvnvi mwnZ Avwg-i ÔGKwU Ac~e© wbZ¨‡cÖ‡giÕ m¤úK©| Ges Zvnvi †mB ÔwbZ¨‡cÖ‡gi


m~‡ÎÕB ÔCk¦‡ii mwnZ Avgvi GKwU cig inm¨gq Ava¨vwZ¥K wgj‡bi †mZzÕ †m ÔiPbv Kwi‡Z‡QÕ| Zvnv nB‡j GLb Kx KiYxq? Kwe fvwe‡Z‡Qb| ev nq‡Zv fvwe‡Z‡Qb bv| †mªd mgq jB‡Z‡Qb| 23 Avlvp, 1311 iwPZ 2q MvbwUi †kl cO&w³wU wQj Ñ mviv n‡j †`qv-†bqv w`bv‡šÍi †kl †Lqv/ †Kvb&w`K cv‡b evI Avwg †m Rvwb| GB eQi Avi gvÎ 2wU Mvb iPv nBqv‡Q| 15 kÖveY, 1312-†Z wMqv Avevi GKwU Mvb Ñ Zzwg G-cvi I-cvi Ki †K †Mv I‡Mv †Lqvi †b‡q| †mB GKhyM Av‡Mi b`xcvivcv‡ii QweKíwU Avevi fvwmqv DwV‡Z‡Q| fvwmqv DwV‡Z‡Q cvivcviKvixi Qwe Ñ Avi KZ`~‡i wb‡q hv‡e †gv‡i/ †n my›`ix?/ e‡jv †Kvb&cv‡i wfwo‡e †Zvgvi/ †mvbvi Zix (Ôwbiæ‡Ïk hvÎvÕ, 27 AMÖnvqY, 1300)| †mw`‡bi †mvbvi Zixi my›`ix ev AvwRKvi †Lqvi †b‡q, †m-B †Zv Kwei Rxeb‡`eZv| Z_vwc, Ck¦‡ii mv‡_ †mZziPbvi Rb¨ hZB GB Rxeb‡`eZvi ÔwbZ¨‡cÖgÕ Zuvnvi Kv‡Q Riæwi nDK, Zvnvi mwnZ msjvc¸wj cyiv‡bv ZwiKvq cÖKvk K‡ib Kxfv‡e! †mB †h ÿwYKvq GB ÔwbZ¨‡cÖgÕ-Gi cÖKvk NUvBevi mvgvwRK Amyweav¸wji K_v duvm KwiqvwQ‡jb Ñ †gvi gy‡L †c‡j †Zvgvi Avfvm/ KZ R‡b K‡i KZ cwinvm (ÔAšÍiZgÕ, 3 Avlvp, 1307)| Zvnv nB‡j GLb Kx KiYxq? Kwe fvwe‡Z‡Qb| ev nq‡Zv fvwe‡Z‡Qb bv| ZLb ÿwYKviB AR©b¸wj, AvZ¥civgk©¸wj, Zuvnvi eo Kv‡R Avwmj| ˆb‡e`¨i Abykvmb c‡e© †h-civgk©¸wj avgvPvcv cwoqv wMqvwQj, Kv‡R jvMvBevi gZ cwiw¯’wZ cvIqv hvq bvB| †m¸wj Avkv Kwi Avgv‡`i mK‡jiB ¯§i‡Y Av‡Q| †mB †h Ôbvbv Q‡jÕ Zzwg-†K WvwKevi †KŠkj| Ôbvbv bvgÕ w`qv Zzwg-i bvgLvwb XvwKqv w`evi †KŠkj| Ôbvbv ivwMYx‡ZÕ Ôbvbv ZvbÕ w`qv Zzwg-i D‡Ï‡k MvIqv MvbwU †Mvcb ivwLevi †KŠkj| Ôbvbv gyLcv‡bÕ cÖKv‡k¨ ZvKvB‡jI Zzwg-†K ¯^‡cœi wfZi †`wLevi †KŠkj| Ges m‡e©vcwi ÔQÙmvRÕ aviY Kwievi †KŠkj| †Kgb nB‡Z cv‡i †mB QÙmvR? GBLv‡b ˆb‡e`¨i GKwU Bkviv Avgv‡`i mnvq nB‡Z cv‡i| c~eR © xeb jBqv AvZ¥mgv‡jvPbv Kwi‡Z wMqv, †mLv‡b GKwU c‡` VvKzi eqvb w`qv‡Qb Ñ †Zvgvi Bw½ZLvwb †`wL wb hLb a~wjgywó wQj Zv‡i Kwiqv †Mvcb| ... ... ... wecixZ gy‡L Zv‡i c‡owQby, ZvB wek¦‡Rvov †m wjwci A_© eywS bvB| 

Ñ ˆb‡e`¨ 40

Avmgv‡bi w`‡K ZvKvBqv hvnv cvV Kivi K_v, Zvnv cov nB‡ZwQj Rwg‡bi w`‡K †PvL †dwjqv| GB fw½gvB hZ Ab‡_©i g~j| AšÍZ ˆb‡e`¨i Avwg-i Kv‡Q| A-ˆb‡e`¨-Avwg †h-Zzwg-i wfZi w`qv wek¦‡jv‡Ki mwnZ m¤úK© Mwoqv‡Q, ˆb‡e`¨i Avwg-†K †mB Zzwg-i cÖwZ †Kv‡bv ¸iæZ¡B †`LvB‡Z bvB| AZxZ jBqv Avd‡mvm Kwi‡Z wMqv IB GKB c‡` ZvB †m ewjqv‡Q Ñ ZLb †Zvgvi cv‡b/ wegyL nBqv wQby Kx j‡q †K Rv‡b| ejv evûj¨, ˆb‡e`¨i Avwg-i Zzwg nBj Ck¦i| GLb †m †h GBfv‡e A-ˆb‡e`¨ Avwg-i †`Lbfw½gv‡K `vqx Kwij, GBLv‡b †m 2wU welq D‡cÿv Kwij| 1. A-ˆb‡e`¨ Avwg †Zv Avi SzUgyU `„wó bZ Kwiqv bvB| Zvnvi Zzwg-i w`‡KB †m ZvKvBqv Av‡Q| Zvnvi Kv‡Q †mB Zzwg Ôa~wjgywóÕ bq, Zvnvi Rxeb‡`eZv| 2. Rxeb‡`eZvi `„wói wfZi w`qvB A-ˆb‡e`¨ Avwg Ôwek¦‡Rvov †m wjwci A_© eywSÕqv jB‡Z‡Q| Bnv jBqv ZvB Zvnvi †Kv‡bv Acwic~YZ © vi Avd‡mvmI bvB| †Zv, GLb Kx Kiv hvq! ˆb‡e`¨i Avwg-i e¨vL¨vB †Zv

mgvRg‡bi Kv‡Q MÖnY‡hvM¨| DjUvfv‡e, mgvRg‡bi †Pv‡L ayjv w`‡Z †M‡j, ˆb‡e`¨i Avwg-i we‡kølY nB‡Z Abvqv‡m wKQy Bkviv †bIqv hvq| Zvnvi mgv‡jvPbv nBj A-ˆb‡e`¨ Avwg-i †`Lbfw½gv jBqv| Avmgv‡bi w`‡K bv wdwiqv, †m cwo‡ZwQj Rwg‡bi w`‡K †PvL †dwjqv| GLb †Zv GB ZK© Rywoqv jvf bvB †h †m Rwg‡bi wfZi w`qvB Avmgvb cwo‡ZwQj| eis mgvR‡K Lywk Kwievi Rb¨ †mB †fŠg`„wó Z¨vM Kwi‡jB nq| wKš‘ ˆb‡e`¨i mvabv †Kv‡bv k„½jxjvq bv †cuŠQvBevi d‡j, AvcvZZ Avwg-i gb‡b BnvB dqmvjv nBqv‡Q †h, AvKv‡ki mv‡_ †mZziPbv‡ZI f‚wgi wbZ¨mvnPh© wbZvšÍ Riæwi| Zvnv nB‡j fw½gvwU‡K DëvBqv jB‡j †Kgb nq! f‚wg A_©vr Zzwg-†KB hw` AvKv‡ki w`‡K ¯’vcb Kiv hvq, Avi Avwg bvwgqv Av‡m f‚wgi Ae¯’v‡b? Zvnv BB‡j †Zv Zzwg (=Rxeb‡`eZv)-i mv‡_ Avwg-i wbZ¨‡cÖgI envj _v‡K, Avi †jvKP‡ÿ GB ayjvI †`Iqv hvq †h, Avwg-i `„wó Avi wbgœMZ bq, Zvnv AvKvkgyLx| evDj mvabvq GB fw½gvwUB nBj wecixZwenvi Ñ fw³fv‡e wbgœZ‡j mvaK aivm‡b|/ †`we Av‡m¨ EaŸ©`‡„ ó _vwK w¯’i bq‡b \ Avevi, †MŠoxq ˆeòe`k©b Abyhvqx, ˆPZb¨‡`e wQ‡jb ivavfv‡e fvweZ K…ò| GB gZvbymvix‡`i wek¦vm, K…ò ¯^qs Zuvnvi cÖwZ ivwaKvi AvKzjZvi ¯^iƒc Abyaveb Kwievi Rb¨ ˆPZ‡b¨i iƒc cwiMÖnY Kwiqv‡Qb| ˆPZb¨jxjv ZvB K…ò‡cÖ‡g gv‡Zvqviv ivavi fv‡evb¥v`bvi jxjv| jxjvi RM‡Z BnvI GKiKg wecixZwenvi| iex›`ªbv_I Avcbvi gZ Kwiqv QÙmvR awi‡jb| wZwb Zuvnvi bv‡Qvo Rxeb‡`eZv‡K cyiæl evbvB‡jb, wb‡R nB‡jb bvix| fv‡ei RM‡Z BnvI GKcÖKvi wecixZwenvi eB wK! GB bvixmËvi we¯Ívi Aek¨ Zuvnvi Kv‡e¨-Mv‡b AvMv‡MvovB wQj| Zvnvi bgybv Avgiv Av‡MB †ck KwiqvwQ| Z‡e Av‡M hvnv wQj ˆewPΨm„wói ZwiKv, †Lqv‡Z Avwmqv †mB bvixmËvB Zuvnvi fvebvwe¯Ív‡ii ReŸi Dcvq nBqv `uvovBj| †Lqvi wKQy Av‡M iwPZ DrmM© Kve¨MÖ‡š’i GKwU KweZvq AvZ¥MZ †mB ÔweiwnYx bvixÕi K_v †ek djvI KwiqvB ewjqv‡Qb wZwb Ñ Avgvi gvSv‡i †h Av‡Q †K †Mv †m, †Kvb&weiwnYx bvix| Avcb Kwi‡Z Pvwnby Zvnv‡i, wKQy‡ZB bvwn cvwi| (KweZv 10, DrmM©) †Lqv‡Z †cuŠQvBqv †mB ÔweiwnYx bvixÕ-†K Avcb Kwiqv jIqv Qvov, wb‡Ri K_v Zvnvi gy‡L emv‡bv Qvov, Avi †Kv‡bv c_ †Lvjv iwnj bv VvKz‡ii mvg‡b| ev, †mB c_wUB wZwb Avwe®‹vi Kwiqv jB‡jb| Rxe‡bi †Kvb& my`xN©-Mfxi Av‡jv-AÜKvi AveZ©-cÖwZe‡Z©i cvjøvq cwoqv, †Lqvi Avwg, wb‡Ri wein-wgj‡bi AvKzwZwU cÖKvk Kwievi Rb¨, GBfv‡e mËv cwieZ©b Kwiqv eûjvs‡k bvixiƒc aviY Kwij, †mB Uvbvc‡o‡bi wKQyUv Avfvm nq‡Zv GBevi Avgiv cvBjvg| GB RwUj fvebv-ci¤úiv‡KB nq‡Zv iex›`ªbv_ †Lqvi DrmM© KweZvq ÔRxebg„Z¨y †iŠ`ªQvqv SwUKvi eviZvÕ ewjqv D‡jøL Kwiqv‡Qb| Kve¨iwmK A_P KzkvMÖax ˆeÁvwbK gb‡bi AwaKvix AbyK¤úvqx eÜz RM`xkP›`ª‡K †Lqvi GB wecixZwenv‡ii inm¨ †f` Kwievi Avgš¿YI RvbvBqv‡Qb| Avgiv Avgv‡`i gZ Kwiqv VvKz‡ii †mB ÔSwUKvi eviZvÕ-i muvU¸wj D×v‡ii †Kv‡kk Kwijvg| [GZÿY ˆah© ivwLevi Rb¨, wcÖq cvwVKv wcÖq cvVK‡K Avgv‡`i mvjvg I cÖYvg|] r

91


wKwjgvb&Rv‡ivi eidcyÄ g~j : Av‡b©÷ †nwgsI‡q Abyev` : nvmvb AvwRRyj nK

e

idv”Qvw`Z wKwjgvb&Rv‡ivi D”PZv 19,710 wgUvi| GUvB Avwd«Kvi m‡e©v”P ce©Z| Gi cwðg k„½wU‡K ejv nq gvmvB Gb& MvB Ñ Ck¦‡ii cÖvmv`| cwðg k„‡½i Kv‡Q ïK‡bv RgvUeuvav GKwU wPZvev‡Ni K¼vj i‡q‡Q| AZ DuPz‡Z GB wPZvevNwU Kx LyuRwQj Zv †KD e¨vL¨v K‡iwb| Avðh© K_v wK Rv‡bv? GUv G‡Kev‡iB hš¿Yvnxb| Ggb n‡jB Zzwg Rvb‡Z cvi‡e ïiæ n‡q wM‡q‡Q| mwZ¨B ZvB? G‡Kev‡i GKk fvM ZvB| Aek¨ GB Amn `yM©ÜUvi Rb¨ Avwg LyeB `ytwLZ| e‡jv bv, `qv K‡i e‡jv bv| Gw`‡K †P‡q †`L| GB Nv, bv GB `yM©Ü, †KvbUvi Rb¨ GB Ae¯’v? †h-LvwUqvq gvbylUv ï‡q wQj, †mUv eo GKUv wg‡gvmv Mv‡Qi wb‡Pi Nb Qvqvq ivLv wQj| †mLvb †_‡K †m †`L‡Z †cj, Qvqvi mxgvbvi evB‡i †iv`-R¡jv gv‡Vi g‡Zv RvqMvUvq wZbwU KzrwmZ kKzb e‡m i‡q‡Q| AvKv‡kI GK WRb NyicvK Lv‡”Q| Zv‡`i QvqvI Zv‡`i g‡Zv gvwU‡Z NyicvK Lv‡”Q|

92

†hw`b UªvKUv weKj n‡jv, †mw`b †_‡KB Iiv GLv‡b i‡q‡Q| AvR‡KB GB cÖ_g †`LwQ Zv‡`i g‡a¨ GKwU gvwU‡Z †b‡g G‡m‡Q| Avwg j¶ K‡iwQ †hfv‡e Zviv mZK©Zvi m‡½ D‡o †eovw”Qj, Avi mveavbZvi m‡½ wb‡P †b‡g AvmwQj Zv‡Z Avwg †f‡ewQjvg, I‡`i‡K wb‡q GKUv Mí wjwL| nvm¨Ki wPšÍv| GUv wb‡q wPšÍv bv KivB fv‡jv| Avnv, Avwg ejvi Rb¨B ejwQ| K_v ejv mnR| hw` K_v ewj, Zv‡Z e¨vcviUv GKUz mnR n‡q Av‡m| †mB R‡b¨B ejv| Avwg wKš‘ †Zvgv‡K wei³ Ki‡Z PvB bv| Zzwg †Zv fv‡jv K‡iB Rv‡bv Avwg KL‡bvB wei³ nB bv| Avwg ïay †ewk bvf©vm n‡q wM‡qwQ, wKQyB Ki‡Z cviwQ bv| Avgvi GKUvB fvebv, D‡ovRvnvRwU Avgv‡`i‡K GLvb †_‡K wb‡q †h‡Z bv Avmv ch©šÍ †Zvgv‡K †hb my¯’ ivL‡Z cvwi| Zzwg `qv K‡i e‡jv, Avwg †Zvgvi Rb¨ Kx Ki‡Z cvwi| wbðq Avgvi wKQy Kivi Av‡Q| Zzwg Avgvi GB cv-Uv‡K †K‡U †dj‡Z cv‡iv| Zvn‡j Avgvi Avi hš¿Yv _vK‡e bv, hw`I Zv‡ZI Avgvi m‡›`n| A_ev Zzwg Avgv‡K ¸wj K‡i †g‡i †dj‡Z cv‡iv| Zzwg †Zv j¶¨‡f‡` fv‡jvB, Ae¨_© ¸wj Ki‡Z cv‡iv| AvwgB †Zvgv‡K ¸wj Ki‡Z


AjsKiY : Ave`ym kvKzi wkwL‡qwQjvg, †kLvBwb? `qv K‡i Ifv‡e e‡jv bv| Av”Qv, Avwg wK †Zvgv‡K wKQy c‡o †kvbv‡Z cvwi? Kx co‡e? GB Avgv‡`i e¨v‡Mi g‡a¨ hv Av‡Q Zvi g‡a¨ †_‡K wKQy GKUv| Avgvi †kvbvi ˆah© †bB| Zvi †P‡q K_v ejv A‡bK mnR| eis G‡mv Avgiv SMov Kwi| Zv‡ZI mgq †K‡U hv‡e| bv, Avwg SMov Kwi bv| Avgiv †hb KL‡bvB SMov bv Kwi| hZ bvf©vmB Avgiv n‡q hvB bv †Kb| n‡Z cv‡i Av‡iKUv UªvK AvR‡KB G‡m co‡e, n‡Z cv‡i Avgv‡`i Rb¨ GKUv D‡ovRvnvR Avm‡e| Avwg bo‡Z PvB bv| GKgvÎ †Zvgv‡K `vqgyw³ †`Iqv Qvov GLvb †_‡K bovPov Kivi Avi †Kv‡bv D‡Ïk¨ _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| bv, GUv Zzwg Lye Kvcyiæ‡li g‡Zv K_v e‡j‡Qv| Av”Qv, GKUv †jvK wbwðšÍ g‡b gi‡ZI cvi‡e bv? ZL‡bv Zv‡K K_v †kvbv‡e? GZ eKvSKv Kivi `iKvi wK! Zzwg gi‡e bv| Avgv‡K Ggb K‡i GZ K_v ejvi wK †Kv‡bv `iKvi Av‡Q?

†evKvi g‡Zv K_v e‡jv bv †Zv| Avwg wKQy¶‡Yi g‡a¨B gviv hve| IB †eRb¥v kKzb¸‡jv‡K wR‡Ám K‡iv| gv‡Vi †hLv‡b †bvsiv kKzb¸‡jv e‡m Av‡Q, †m †mw`‡K PvB‡jv| Zv‡`i †Qvjv gv_v, Avi NvoUv cÖvq Wvbvi wfZi ¸u‡R ivLv| IB †`L Avi GKUv G‡m‡Q| gvwU‡Z c‡oB †ek LvwbKUv †`Š‡o hv‡e, Zvici Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í Ab¨‡`i m‡½ wM‡q wgk‡e| Avnv, Giv †Zv cÖ‡Z¨K K¨v‡¤úi Pvicv‡kB Av‡Q| Zzwg KL‡bvB G‡`i j¶ K‡iv bv, Kivi wKQy †bBI| K_v n‡”Q Zzwg hw` wb‡RB Avkv †Q‡o bv `vI, Zvn‡j Zzwg gi‡Z cv‡iv bv| GUv Avevi Zzwg †Kv_vq co‡j? †Zvgvi g‡Zv GiKg wb‡e©va-Mvav Avi †`Lv hvq bv| Zzwg eis Ab¨ Kv‡iv K_v wb‡q fve‡Z cv‡iv| whïi w`we¨, GB fvevUvB n‡”Q Avgvi †ckv| wKQy¶Y †m Pzc K‡i ï‡q _vK‡jv, †`L‡jv mgZj duvKv RvqMvUvq †PvL auvav‡bv Zxeª †iv` G‡Kev‡i R½‡ji wKbviv ch©šÍ †cuŠ‡Q‡Q| mvg‡b KZK¸‡jv eo nwiY †`Lv hvw”Qj| Z‡e Zviv GZUvB `~‡i wQj †h, Zv‡`i R½‡ji njy` i‡Oi cv‡k aea‡e mv`v †`Lvw”Qj| Av‡iv LvwbKUv `~‡i GK`j †Reªv †`Lv

93


†Mj| meyR R½‡ji cv‡k Zv‡`i †ek mv`v †`Lvw”Qj| †ek Avivg`vqK, gb cÖdzjøKi GKUv K¨v¤ú GUv| GB K¨v‡¤úi Pvicv‡k eo-eo MvQ i‡q‡Q, cvnv‡oi Mv‡q †njvb w`‡q i‡q‡Q †hb| wgwó Rj i‡q‡Q GLv‡b, mvgvb¨ `~‡i ïK‡bv GKUv R‡ji MZ©| mKv‡j ILvb †_‡KB ¸o–‡j cvwL¸‡jv D‡o hvq| Zzwg wK PvI bv Avwg †Zvgv‡K wKQz c‡o †kvbvB? gwnjvwU ZLb Zvi weQvbvi cv‡k K¨vbfv‡mi †Pqv‡i e‡mwQj, †ek evZvm †Q‡o‡Q wKš‘| bv, bv, †Zvgv‡K wKQy c‡o †kvbv‡Z n‡e bv| n‡Z cv‡i UªvK AvR‡KB Avm‡e| †`L, GB UªvK-d«vK wb‡q Avwg GLb GKUzI fvee bv| Zzwg fve‡e bv, wKš‘ Avwg fvee| Zzwg A‡bK wKQy wb‡qB fvebv K‡iv, hvi †Kv‡bvwKQy wb‡qB Avgvi gv_ve¨_v †bB| bv, bv, n¨vwi A‡bK wKQy bq| Av”Qv, GKUz ûBw¯‹ †L‡j †Kgb nq †n‡jb? GUv †evanq †Zvgvi Rb¨ fv‡jv n‡e bv| GB mgqUvq A¨vj‡Kvnj ev` †`IqvB `iKvi| †gv‡jv| n¨vwi wPrKvi w`‡q DVj| ejyb mv‡ne| hvI, ûBw¯‹ Avi †mvWv wb‡q G‡mv| GLwb AvbwQ mv‡ne| †Zvgvi c‡¶ DwPZ bq| †Q‡o `vI ej‡Z Avwg GBUvB ej‡Z †P‡qwQjvg| mwZ¨B GUv †Zvgvi Rb¨ Lvivc| Avwg Rvwb GUv †Zvgvi Rb¨ Lvivc| bv, GUv Avgvi Rb¨ fv‡jv| †m wPšÍv Kij, GLb Avi †m †Kv‡bv wKQyB †kl Kivi my‡hvM cv‡e bv| Zvn‡j GKcvÎ cvbxq wb‡q K_vKvUvKvwU‡ZB mewKQyi Aemvb n‡jv! Zvi Wvb cv‡q M¨vswMÖb ïiæ nIqvi ci †_‡K Avi †Kv‡bv e¨_v †bB| e¨_vI †hgb P‡j †M‡Q, †Zgwb fqsKi fxwZUvI P‡j †M‡Q| GLb †m ïay K¬všÍ| Avi cÖPÐ µz× GBfv‡e Zvi mewKQy †kl n‡q †Mj e‡j| Kv‡RB GLb hv wKQy NU‡Z hvw”Qj †m-wel‡q Zvi mvgvb¨B †KŠZ‚nj Av‡Q| eQ‡ii ci eQi g„Zz¨wPšÍv Zv‡K AvZ¼MÖ¯Í ivLZ| GLb Avi †Kv‡bv wKQy‡ZB wKQy G‡m-hvq bv| wK A™¢zZ †h, GZ mn‡RB K¬všÍ n‡q IVv hvq! †m Avi KL‡bvB hv-hv wjL‡Z †P‡qwQj, wjL‡e bv| GLb †m Rv‡b, Lye fv‡jv-K‡i bv-†R‡b †h †jLv¸‡jv c‡i wjL‡e e‡j †i‡L w`‡qwQj, †m Avi †Kv‡bvw`bB †mme wjL‡Z cvi‡e bv| GgbwK †jLvi †Póv K‡i e¨_© nIqvi my‡hvMI †m Avi cv‡e bv| n‡Z cv‡i Zzwg G¸‡jv Avi KL‡bvB wjL‡Z cvi‡e bv| Gi KviY n‡”Q, c‡i wjL‡e e‡j †i‡L w`‡qwQ‡j, †jLv ïiæ Kiwb| hv-B †nvK, †m Avi †Kv‡bvw`b wjL‡Z cvi‡e bv| †Kb Zv †m Avi Rv‡b bv, Rvb‡eI bv †Kv‡bvw`b| Avgvi GLb g‡b n‡”Q, Avgiv hw` GLv‡b Av‡`Š bv AvmZvg, †n‡jb ejj| nv‡Z cvbx‡qi MøvmwU wb‡q †m wb‡Ri †VuvU Kvg‡o a‡i Zvi w`‡K †P‡qwQj| †`L, hw` c¨vwim n‡Zv Zvn‡j †Zvgvi Gme wKQyB n‡Zv bv| Zzwg wPiKvj e‡j G‡mQ c¨vwim Zzwg fv‡jvevm| †mLv‡b Avgiv `yRb GKmv‡_ _vK‡Z cviZvg, †hLv‡b Lywk †h‡Z cviZvg| †Zvgvi m‡½ AvwgI †hLv‡b Lywk †h‡Z cviZvg| Avwg e‡jwQjvg, Zzwg †hLv‡b PvB‡e Avwg †mLv‡b †h‡Z ˆZwi AvwQ, Zzwg hw` PvB‡Z, Zvn‡j Avgiv wkKvi Kivi Rb¨ nv‡½wiI †h‡Z cviZvg Avi Zv‡Z LywkB nZvg| †n‡jb ejj, bv-bv, GUv ejv †Zvgvi wVK n‡”Q bv| Avgvi

94

hv wKQz Av‡Q Zvi meB Avgv‡`i| me †Q‡o w`‡qwQ, Avwg me †Q‡o G‡mwQ, Zzwg †hLv‡b †h‡Z †P‡qwQ‡j †mLv‡bB wM‡qwQ Ges Zzwg Avgv‡K hv Ki‡Z e‡jwQ‡j Avwg Zv-B K‡iwQ| wKš‘ GLv‡b bv G‡jB fv‡jv n‡Zv| †Kb? Zzwg †h e‡jwQ‡j GLv‡b Avm‡Z fv‡jvev‡mv| †mUv e‡jwQjvg hLb Zzwg m¤ú~Y© my¯’ wQ‡j| GLb Avgvi LyeB weZ…òv †eva n‡”Q †h GLv‡b G‡mwQ| Rvwb bv, Kx Kvi‡Y †Zvgvi cv‡qi GiKg `kv n‡e! Avgiv Kx Ggb K‡iwQ †h †Zvgvi GiKg n‡Z n‡e? hLb Avwg IUv‡K †Rv‡i †Rv‡i Pzj‡KwQjvg Avgvi g‡b nq, ZLb Avwg Ii Ici Av‡qvwWb w`‡Z fz‡j wM‡qwQjvg| Zvici IUvi w`‡K Avwg Avi †Kv‡bv g‡bv‡hvM w`Bwb| KviY Avgvi KL‡bvB Bb‡dKkb nq bv| Zvic‡i GUv hLb Lvivc n‡q †Mj ZLb m¤¢eZ bó n‡q hvIqv Kve©wjK mwjDkb e¨envi K‡iwQjvg| Ab¨me msµgYwe‡ivax Ilya¸‡jv ZZw`‡b †kl n‡q wM‡qwQj| m~²-m~² i³evnx bvwj¸‡jv Aek n‡q wM‡qwQj| Avi Zv‡ZB M¨vswMÖb ïiæ n‡jv| n¨vwi †n‡j‡bi w`‡K ZvKvj| GQvov Avi Kx e‡jv! GB Avi Kx! Avwg I-K_v ej‡Z PvBwb| hw` Avgiv GKUv fv‡jv wgw¯¿ m‡½ K‡i AvbZvg, GKRb AcUz wKKz¨B‡K WªvBfvi‡K bv G‡b| †m Zvn‡j †ZjUv cix¶v Ki‡Z cviZ Avi wKQy‡ZB Uªv‡Ki weqvwisUv cy‡o †h‡Z w`Z bv| bv, bv, Avwg †mUvI ej‡Z PvBwb| Zzwg hw` †Zvgvi AvZ¥xq¯^Rb‡K †Q‡o bv Avm‡Z, †Zvgvi IB nZ”Qvov RvqMv¸‡jv I‡q÷‡ewi, mviv‡UvMv, cvgweP| Avgv‡K m½ †`Iqvi R‡b¨ G‡`i‡K †Q‡o hw` bv Avm‡Z| †Kb? Avwg †Zv †Zvgv‡K fv‡jvevwm| Zzwg IiKg e‡jv bv| IUv ejv †Zvgvi DwPZ n‡”Q bv| Avwg †Zvgv‡K fv‡jvevwm, GL‡bv fv‡jvevwm| wPiKvj †Zvgv‡K fv‡jvevm‡ev| Zzwg wK Avgv‡K fv‡jvev‡mv bv? bv, †jvKwU ejj, Avgvi Zv g‡b nq bv| Avwg †Kv‡bvw`bB †Zvgv‡K fv‡jvevwmwb| n¨vwi, Gme Zzwg Kx ejQ? †Zvgvi gv_v Lvivc n‡q †M‡Q? bv, gv_v Lvivc nIqvi Rb¨ †Kv‡bv gv_vB Avgvi †bB| IBUv Avi †L‡qv bv, g`UzKz Avi †L‡qv bv| `qv K‡i †L‡qv bv| hv wKQy Avgiv Ki‡Z cvwi †Zvgv‡K wVK Kivi R‡b¨ Zv Avgv‡`i Ki‡Z n‡e| Zvn‡j ZzwgB Zv K‡iv, Avwg K¬všÍ| GLb †m Zvi g‡bi †Pv‡L †`Lj KvivMvQ †ij‡÷k‡b `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| Zvi eM‡j wb‡Ri Kvco‡Pvc‡oi GKUv e¨vM, IB †h †`Lv hv‡”Q AÜKvi †f` K‡i wmgyjb †nWjvBU GwM‡q Avm‡Q| †mbvevwnbxi cðv`cmi‡Yi c‡i †m GLb †_m †Q‡o P‡j hv‡”Q| hv wKQy wjL‡Z n‡e e‡j †m g‡bi g‡a¨ †f‡e †i‡L‡Q, GUv Zvi GKUv| †m wjL‡e mKv‡j †eªKdv‡÷i mgq| †eªKdv÷ Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z †m Rvbvjvi g‡a¨ w`‡q evB‡ii w`‡K †P‡q wjL‡Z _vK‡e| evB‡ii w`‡K †P‡q †m eyj‡Mwiqv cvnvoP‚ovi Ici eidcyÄ †`L‡Z cv‡e| ZLb bvb‡m‡bi †m‡µUvwi e„× gvbylUv‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡Q, ÔIUv †Zv eid, ZvB bv?Õ e„× gvbylwU †mw`‡K †P‡q ej‡Q, bv-bv, IUv eid bv| eid GZ Av‡M co‡Z ïiæ K‡i bv| ZLb †m‡µUvwi Ab¨vb¨ hyeZxi Kv‡Q Avevi ejj, †Zvgiv hv †`LQ IUv eid bq| Avgiv eid e‡j fzj K‡iwQjvg| wKš‘ GKw`K †_‡K wVKB, eidB Ges gvbylRb


†hLv‡b e`jv-e`wj K‡i †bIqv nw”Qj Zv‡`i †mLv‡b cvwV‡q †`Iqv n‡jv| Zviv ei‡di Ici w`‡q nuvU‡Z-nuvU‡Z GwM‡q †Mj, hZw`b ch©šÍ bv Zv‡`i †mB kx‡Z g„Zz¨ n‡jv| mg¯Í wµmgv‡mi cy‡iv mßvn a‡i †mB †h eid cov ïiæ n‡qwQj G‡Kev‡i ¸qvU©vj ch©šÍ mgqUv Zviv GK KvVz‡ii evwo‡Z wQj| mvg‡bB wQj GKUv †cvwm©‡j‡bi †PŠ‡Kv, eo †÷vf Ges †÷vfUvB N‡ii A‡a©KUv Ry‡o wQj| Zviv weP Mv‡Qi cvZv fiv †Zvk‡Ki Ici ï‡q wQj| †mB mgq hviv †mbvevwnbx †Q‡o P‡j G‡mwQj Zv‡`i ei‡d cv VvÛv Avi i³v³ n‡qwQj| †m e‡jwQj, cywjk Zvi wVK wcQ‡bB i‡q‡Q, Zviv Zv‡K ckwg †gvRv w`‡q‡Q Avi cvnviv`vi w`‡q‡Q| hZ¶Y ch©šÍ bv iv¯Ív cwi®‹vi n‡q G‡m‡Q ZZ¶Y ch©šÍ cvnviv`vi Zv‡`i m‡½ K_v e‡j‡Q| IB wµmgv‡mB eid GZ SKS‡K wQj †h Zv Lye †Pv‡L jvMwQj| I‡qb÷z‡fi wfZi w`‡q †P‡q †`LwQj, Zv‡`i cÖ‡Z¨‡K wMR©v †_‡K wd‡i Avm‡Q| GUv †mB RvqMv †hLv‡b Zviv nuvU‡Z-nuvU‡Z D‡V wM‡qwQj| iv¯ÍvUv wQj †mø­R Mvwoi nwiY‡`i cÖmªv‡e njy` n‡q hvIqv mgZj GKUv iv¯Ív| b`xi avi w`‡q `xN© cvBb MvQIqvjv cvnvo¸‡jvi cvk w`‡q †h‡Z-†h‡Z Zv‡`i w¯‹ Kivi wRwbmcÎ Zv‡`i Kuv‡ai Ici †P‡c e‡m‡Q| g¨vW‡jbvin‡Pi Ici w`‡q †Møwmqvi a‡i w¯‹ Kivi iv¯Ív †b‡g †M‡Q| eid GZB gm„Y g‡b n‡”Q †hb ei‡di †KK ˆZwi n‡q‡Q, cvDWv‡ii g‡Zv nvjKv| Avi Zvi g‡b coj †mB wbtk‡ã †`Šo, hZ¶Y bv †m giv cvwLi g‡Zv ei‡di Ici c‡o †Mj| Zviv g¨vW‡jbvin‡P cy‡iv GKwU mßvn ei‡d AvUKv c‡o wQj| cÖPÐ †Sv‡ov evZv‡mi g‡a¨ Zviv jɇbi Av‡jvi †auvqvi wfZi e‡m Zvm †L‡jwQj Ges Ryqvi `vb †e‡oB hvw”Qj hZ¶Y ch©šÍ f`ª‡jvK A‡bK UvKv †n‡i bv †M‡jb| †kl ch©šÍ Zuvi me UvKvB P‡j †Mj, me...| w¯‹ Kivi Rb¨ †h UvKv wQj Avi mvivmgq a‡i Zvi †h-jvf n‡qwQj, GgbwK Zvi cyuwRUvI wZwb nviv‡jb| †m GLb Iui j¤^v bvKUv †`L‡Z cv‡”Q| ZvovZvwo Zvm Zzj‡Q Zvici Ly‡j †`Lv‡”Q muv f‡qi| ZLb me mgq Ryqv †Ljv PjwQj| hLb eid P‡j †Mj ZL‡bv Ryqv †LjvB PjwQj Avi Ryqvi `vb †`Iqvi R‡b¨ †Zgb †Kv‡bv UvKvB Avi Kv‡iv Kv‡Q wQj bv| †m †f‡e G‡m‡Q †h, wb‡Ri Rxe‡bi †ewkifvM mgqB †m evwR †i‡L KvwU‡q‡Q| Gm‡ei †Kv‡bv wKQy wb‡qB †m GKUv jvBbI †j‡Lwb| †mB cÖPÐ VvÛv wb‡qI bq| Avi †mB D¾¡j wµmgvm wb‡qI bq| †mB wµmgvm GZ D¾¡j wµmgvm †mUv †h, cvnvo¸‡jv mgZj f‚wgi Icv‡i †`Lv hvw”Qj| Aw÷ªqvb Awdmviiv hLb †`Šwo‡q †Uªb

†_‡K bvgwQj MvW©bvi ZLb Zvi †cøb wb‡q Awdmvi‡`i Ici cÖejfv‡e †evgv we‡ùviY NUvw”Qj| Zviv hLb †`Šwo‡q Gw`K-Iw`K Qwo‡q cowQj ZLb †gwkbMvb w`‡q ¸wje„wó KiwQj e‡j Zvi g‡b co‡Q| MvW©bvi †g‡m wd‡i G‡m GB me Mí hLb K‡iwQj ZLb KxiKg GKUv ˆbtk㨠†b‡g G‡mwQj| †K GKRb wPrKvi K‡i D‡VwQj, Zzwg †eRb¥v, eøvwW, Ly‡b| IB GKB Aw÷ªqvb‡`i Zviv nZ¨v K‡iwQj, hviv Aw÷ªqvb‡`i m‡½ G‡m c‡i w¯‹ K‡iwQj| bv, wVK GKB bq, n¨vwi hvi m‡½ mviveQi w¯‹ K‡iwQj †mB n¨vÝ ZLb KvRvi †RMv‡m©i m‡½ wQj| Avi hLb Zviv Li‡Mvk wkKvi KiwQj GKm‡½ cvnv‡oi DcZ¨Kvi GLv‡b-†mLv‡b, KvV †PivB Kivi wg‡ji Ic‡ii w`‡K, ZLb Zviv cvwmweI‡Z †h-hy× n‡qwQj †m-m¤^‡Ü K_v ejwQj| Avi cvwU©Kvq †h-AvµgY n‡qwQj G wb‡q GKUv kãI †m †j‡Lwb| Avi gb&wUKb© wb‡q bq, wm‡qU Kgvg wb‡q bq, Avi Avmvjb wm‡q‡Wv wb‡qI bq| Av”Qv, †fvivjv‡M© †m KUv kxZ cvi K‡iwQj, Avi Ajev‡M©B ev KUv? Pvi‡U n‡e| Zvici Zvi g‡b coj, IB †jvKUv †h wkqvj †eP‡Z G‡mwQj hLb Zviv e­y‡W‡Ä Xz‡K c‡owQj| DcnvimvgMÖx †Kbvi R‡b¨ Avi †Pwiwc‡Ui ¯^v`Iqvjv PgrKvi Kvm©&P& †L‡Z AwZ wcQj eidKYvc~Y© c_ Zviv cv w`‡q fvOwQj Avi MvBwQj Ñ Ôwn wn wmW iwjÕ| G‡Kev‡i Lvov eidc_Uv †hUv G‡Kev‡i c‡_i †kl wQj, †mvRv †mUv a‡i, Zvici AP©vW evMv‡bi wfZi w`‡q †`Š‡o wZbevi †gvo wb‡q LvjUvi Ici w`‡q cvš’kvjvi cv‡ki eidVvÛv iv¯Ív a‡i| wb‡Ri RvgvKvco †euvPKv GKUz AvjMv K‡i w¯‹¸‡jv‡K jvw_ w`‡q cv‡k mwi‡q cvš’kvjvi Kv‡Vi †`qv‡j †njvb w`‡q `uvwo‡q| Rvbvjv w`‡q j¨v¤ú jvB‡Ui Av‡jv Avm‡Q, Avi wfZiUv‡Z †auvqv fiv bZzb g‡`i Dò myMÜ cvIqv hv‡”Q| ZLb Zviv A¨vKwW©qvb evRvw”Qj|

c¨vwi‡m Avgiv †Kv_vq _vKZvg?

n¨vwi gwnjv‡K wR‡Ám Kij| gwnjvwU Zvi cv‡kB GKUv K¨vbfvm †Pqv‡i e‡m wQj| GLv‡bB, GB Avwd«Kvq| Avgiv wµju‡Z _vKZvg, Zzwg †Zv Rv‡bv| †Kb, Rvbe †Kb? GLv‡bB Avgiv me mg‡qB _vKZvg| bv, me mgq bq| nu¨v, †mLv‡b c¨vwfju, †KvqvU©vi, Zvici †m›U Rvg©v‡b Avgiv †_‡KwQ| †Kb, Zzwg RvqMvUv‡K fv‡jvevm‡Z| fv‡jvevmv n‡”Q AveR©bvi ¯Í‚c| Avwg †mB †bvsiv AveR©bvi Ici `uvwo‡q KK&‡iv... KzB... e‡j wPrKvi KiwQ| Av”Qv, mwZ¨B Zzwg hw` P‡jB hvI, Zvn‡j

w¯‹ Kivi Rb¨ †h UvKv wQj Avi mvivmgq a‡i Zvi †h-jvf n‡qwQj, GgbwK Zvi cyuwRUvI wZwb nviv‡jb| †m GLb Iui j¤^v bvKUv †`L‡Z cv‡”Q| ZvovZvwo Zvm Zzj‡Q Zvici Ly‡j †`Lv‡”Q muv f‡qi| ZLb me mgq Ryqv †Ljv PjwQj| hLb eid P‡j †Mj ZL‡bv Ryqv †LjvB PjwQj Avi Ryqvi `vb †`Iqvi R‡b¨ †Zgb †Kv‡bv UvKvB Avi Kv‡iv Kv‡Q wQj bv| †m †f‡e G‡m‡Q †h, wb‡Ri Rxe‡bi †ewkifvM mgqB †m evwR †i‡L KvwU‡q‡Q| 95


Av”Qv, mwZ¨B Zzwg hw` P‡jB hvI, Zvn‡j GUv wK GZB `iKvi, Zzwg hv wKQz mvivRxe‡b K‡iQ Zvi mewKQy G‡Kev‡i aŸsm K‡i P‡j hv‡e? Zzwg wK mg¯Í wKQyB wb‡q †h‡Z PvI? †Zvgvi wK wb‡Ri evnbUv‡KI Lyb Ki‡Z n‡e? Avi †Zvgvi ¯¿x, Zv‡KI? †Zvgvi †Nvovi cv-`vwb †hUv †Zvgvi A¯¿, †m¸‡jv‡KI wK bó K‡i †h‡Z n‡e? 96

GUv wK GZB `iKvi, Zzwg hv wKQz mvivRxe‡b K‡iQ Zvi mewKQy G‡Kev‡i aŸsm K‡i P‡j hv‡e? Zzwg wK mg¯Í wKQyB wb‡q †h‡Z PvI? †Zvgvi wK wb‡Ri evnbUv‡KI Lyb Ki‡Z n‡e? Avi †Zvgvi ¯¿x, Zv‡KI? †Zvgvi †Nvovi cv-`vwb †hUv †Zvgvi A¯¿, †m¸‡jv‡KI wK bó K‡i †h‡Z n‡e? nu¨v, †m ejj| †Zvgvi IB K`h© A_© wQj Avgvi eg©, Avgvi †Nvov Avi Avgvi A¯¿? e‡jv bv| Av”Qv eje bv| Pzc K‡i †Mjvg| Avwg †Zvgv‡K AvNvZ w`‡Z PvBwb| GKUz †`wiB n‡q †Mj| †ek AvwQ Zvn‡j, Avwg †Zvgv‡K AvNvZ w`‡qB hve| †mUv Av‡iv gRvi| †h GKgvÎ wRwbmUv †Zvgvi m‡½ Ki‡Z cQ›` KiZvg †mB wRwbmUv Avwg GLb Avi Ki‡Z cviwQ bv| bv, Zv wVK bq| Zzwg A‡bK wKQyB Ki‡Z cQ›` Ki‡Z, Zzwg mewKQyB Ki‡Z cQ›` Ki‡Z Ges Zzwg hv wKQy Ki‡Z †P‡qQ Zv Avwg K‡iwQ| whïi †`vnvB, Pzc Ki‡e Zzwg? Gme †Zvlvgyw` K_v ejv eÜ Ki‡e? n¨vwi gwnjvwUi w`‡K †P‡q †`Lj †m Kuv`‡Q| †kvb, †m ejj, Zzwg wK g‡b K‡iv GUv Kiv GLb gRv Kiv? Avwg wb‡RB Rvwb bv, †Kb GiKg KiwQ| ïay †Zvgv‡K euvPv‡bvi R‡b¨ wb‡R‡K Lyb Kivi †Póv KiwQ| Avgiv hLb K_v ej‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQjvg, ZLb mewKQy wVK wQj| Avwg GUv Avi¤¢ Ki‡Z PvBwb| Avwg GLb hZUv cvwi †Zvgvi cÖwZ †evak~b¨ wbôzi n‡Z PvBwQ| Kv‡RB Avgvi K_v MÖvn¨ K‡iv bv| Wvwj©s, GLb Avwg hv wKQy ewj, wKQy g‡b K‡iv bv| Avwg †Zvgv‡K mwZ¨B fv‡jvevwm Avi Zzwg Rv‡bv Avwg †Zvgv‡K fv‡jvevwm| Avi KvD‡KB GiKg K‡i fv‡jvevwmwb| †mB wg_¨v K_vUv Avevi ejj| †h-wg_¨vwU‡K †m ˆ`bw›`b iæwU-gvLb †RvUv‡bvi Rb¨ ej‡Z Af¨¯Í wQj| Zzwg Avgvi Kv‡Q Lye wgwó| Zzwg GKUv KzwË, Lye abx KzwË| GUvB gRv| Avwg GLb cy‡iv KweZvi g‡a¨ i‡qwQ| cPv Ges KweZv, cPv KweZv| _v‡gv, n¨vwi| †Zvgv‡K †Kb GiKgfv‡e kqZvb n‡q †h‡Z n‡e? Avwg wK”Qz †d‡j †i‡L †h‡Z PvB bv| n¨vwi ejj, Avwg wKQyB Avgvi †cQ‡b †i‡L †h‡Z ivwR bB| wK”Qy bv| GLb m‡Ü, n¨vwi Nywg‡q c‡o‡Q| m~h© cvnvoUvi wcQ‡b, Pviw`‡K ïay Qvqv| mgZj RvqMvUvq †QvU †QvU cÖvYx KvQvKvwQ P‡i †eov‡”Q| gv_v wbPz K‡i Lv‡”Q Avi †jR

bvov‡”Q| n¨vwi †`L‡Z †cj, Zviv GLb †Svc-R½‡ji Avkcvk †_‡K P‡j †Mj| cvwL¸‡jv GLb Avi gvwU‡Z _vKj bv, Zviv me Avkcv‡ki Mv‡Q wM‡q emj, Zv‡`i msL¨v A‡bK| Kv‡Ri †jvKwU Zvi weQvbvi cv‡kB e‡m Av‡Q| †ggmv‡ne wkKvi Ki‡Z †M‡Qb, PvKiwU ejj| mv‡ne, wKQy wK Pvb? wKQy bv| gwnjv Av‡kcv‡k wkKvi wKQy cvIqv hvq wKbv hv‡Z GKUz gvsm †RvMvo nq Zvi R‡b¨ e›`yK wb‡q †ewi‡qwQj| †m RvbZ wkKvi †`L‡Z n¨vwi KxiKg cQ›` K‡i| †n‡jb A‡bKUvB `~‡i wM‡qwQj| hv‡Z IB mgZj †QvÆ RvqMvUv n¨vwi †`L‡Z cvq| gwnjvwU memgq †ek †f‡ewP‡šÍ KvR K‡i, n¨vwi fvej| hv wKQy †m Rv‡b, K‡i‡Q wKsev ï‡b‡Q mewKQy wb‡q †m h‡_ó m‡PZb| GUv Zvi †`vl bq †h, n¨vwi hLb Zvi Kv‡Q wM‡qwQj †m ZLb dzwi‡q †M‡Q| Kx K‡i GKRb gwnjv Rvb‡e †h, GKUv gvbyl hv ej‡Q Zvi wKQyB wVK ej‡Q bv| †m ïay Af¨v‡m ej‡Q ev GKUz ¯^w¯Í cv‡e e‡j ej‡Q| Kx K‡i Rvb‡e †h, n¨vwi hv ej‡Q, Zvi †Kv‡bvB A_© †bB, ej‡Q ïay †mB wg‡_¨¸‡jvB †h¸‡jv †g‡q‡`i m‡½ Lvc †L‡q hvq| Zv‡`i‡K mZ¨ ejvi †P‡q †m †h wg‡_¨ K_v ejZ Zvi GKgvÎ KviY n‡”Q, ejvi g‡Zv mwZ¨ Zvi ZLb Avi wKQyB wQj bv| Rxeb †hfv‡e Zvi KvUv‡bvi K_v wQj †mUv KvUv‡bv n‡q †M‡Q| GLb †m euvP‡Z PvB‡Q Ab¨ gvbyl‡`i m‡½, hv‡`i Av‡iv †ewk UvKv Av‡Q| GKB RvqMvi mePvB‡Z fv‡jv‡`i m‡½ Ges wKQz bZzb gvby‡li m‡½I e‡U| wPšÍv ev` w`‡Z cvi‡j mewKQyB AwZ PgrKvi| †Zvgvi wfZ‡ii fv‡jv wRwbm¸‡jv w`‡q Zzwg hw` myiw¶Z _vK Zvn‡j Zzwg †f‡O UzK‡iv-UzK‡iv n‡q †h‡Z cvi bv| Zzwg Ggb GKUv `„wófw½ M‡o Zz‡jwQ‡j †h, †hfv‡e Zzwg KvR Ki‡Z Af¨¯Í wQ‡j Zv wb‡q †Kv‡bv wKQziB †Zvqv°v Kiwb| †hfv‡e KvRUv Zzwg KiwQ‡j Ges †h-KvRUv GLb Avi †Zvgvi Kivi Dcvq †bB, A_P g‡b-g‡b Zzwg ejQ GB mg¯Í †jvK‡K wb‡q wjL‡e, eo‡jvK‡`i wb‡q wjL‡e, hv‡`i Zzwg †KD bI, hv‡`i RM‡Z GKRb ¸ßPi wn‡m‡eB _vK‡e| Zzwg Rvb †h, Zzwg Zv‡`i Z¨vM Ki‡e, Zvici Zv‡`i wb‡q wjL‡Z em‡e Avi †jLv n‡q †M‡j †jLK wb‡RB Rvb‡Z cvi‡e Kx wb‡q †m wj‡L‡Q| wKš‘ †m †Kv‡bvw`b Zv Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| KviY cÖwZw`b bv wj‡L Av‡qk Ki‡Z Ki‡Z Ñ hv Ki‡Z †m ej‡Z wK N„YvB †eva K‡i A_P ZvB K‡i-K‡i †m Zvi mvg_©¨ †fuvZv K‡i †d‡j‡Q| wb‡Ri B‡”Qkw³‡K Gfv‡e GZ big K‡i †d‡j‡Q †h, †klch©šÍ †m Avi Av‡`Š wKQy wjL‡Z cvi‡e


bv| †h mg¯Í gvbyl‡K †m RvbZ Zviv GL‡bv nq‡Zv Av‡iv Avivg-Av‡q‡k mgq KvUv‡”Q; wKš‘ †m †Kv‡bv KvR K‡iwb| Zvi Rxe‡bi mePvB‡Z fv‡jv mgq GB Avwd«Kvq, †hLv‡b †m Rxe‡bi mePvB‡Z fv‡jv mgq KvwU‡qwQj| IUvB Avevi ïiæ Kivi R‡b¨ †m GLv‡b wd‡i G‡m‡Q| Zviv GB wkKvi AwfhvÎvq G‡m‡Q Lye mvaviYfv‡e _vKvi Rb¨, †hLv‡b KwVb cwikÖg †bB, wejvwmZvI wKQy †bB| †m †f‡ewQj wd‡i †h‡Z cvi‡e, Zvi evwK †UªwbsUv †kl Ki‡Z cvi‡e| †hfv‡eB †nvK †m †f‡ewQj Zvi AvZ¥vi Pwe© Swi‡q †dj‡e, †hgb K‡i GKRb †hv×v K‡i _v‡K| †m cvnvo-R½‡j wM‡q KvR K‡i, hv‡Z K‡i Zvi †`nUvi wfZ‡i AvZ¥v‡K G‡Kev‡i cywo‡q †ei K‡i †dj‡Z cv‡i| gwnjvwUI GUv cQ›` Ki‡Zb| wZwb ej‡Zb, KwVb cwiw¯’wZi gy‡LvgywL n‡Z wZwb fv‡jvev‡mb| hv wKQy D‡ËRbvc~Y©, hv wKQz‡Z mvg‡bi `„k¨cU e`‡j hvq, Zv-B wZwb cQ›` Ki‡Zb| †hLv‡b bZzb †jvKRb, †hLv‡b mewKQy †ek cÖdzjøKi| n¨vwi wKš‘ wVKB Abyfe Ki‡Z †c‡iwQj Avevi Av‡Mi g‡Zv KvR Kivi kw³ wd‡i cvIqvi Avkv Kiv GKUv weåg gvÎ| GUv hw` Gfv‡eB †kl n‡q hvq Ñ Aek¨ †m RvbZI †h, Gfv‡eB †kl n‡e Ñ Zvn‡j †h-mv‡ci †giæ`Ð †f‡O wM‡q‡Q †m mv‡ci g‡Zv wb‡R‡K wb‡R †m Kvgov‡e bv| GB gwnjvwUi †`vl bq GUv| hw` GB gwnjvwUi †`vl bv nq, Zvn‡j Ab¨ Kvi †`vl! hw` †m wg_¨v AvkÖq K‡i GZKvj †eu‡P _v‡K, Zvn‡j eis wg_¨vi AvkÖq wb‡qB Zvi givi †Póv Kiv DwPZ| †m mgq wUjvi wcQ‡b GKUv ¸wji kã ïbj| mwZ¨B †n‡j‡bi j¶¨‡f` Kivi `¶Zv D‡jøL‡hvM¨| GB fv‡jv gvbyl abx KzwËUvi, GB `qv`©ªwPË Zvi †mevKvwiYx KzwËUvi| GB Zvi cÖwZfvi webóKvix| ev‡R K_v, †m wb‡RB wb‡Ri cÖwZfv‡K bó K‡i‡Q| †Kb †m GB gwnjvwU‡K `vqx Ki‡Z hv‡e? GR‡b¨ †h, †m Zv‡K fv‡jv ivLvi †Póv K‡i‡Q? †m †Zv Zvi wb‡Ri cÖwZfv e¨envi bv K‡i wb‡RB aŸsm K‡i‡Q| †m wb‡Ri cÖwZB wek¦vmNvZKZv K‡i‡Q, †m hv-hv wek¦vm K‡iwQj Zv g` †L‡q-†L‡q bó K‡i †d‡j‡Q| Avjm¨ K‡i, Kzu‡owg K‡i †m wb‡R‡K bó K‡i‡Q| †mBm‡½ AvZ¥-AnsKviI Zvi mv‡_ wQj| GB AnsKvi Avi wg_¨v wek¦vm wb‡q hv B‡”Q Zv-B K‡i †m wb‡Ri ¶gZv‡K bó K‡i‡Q| GUv wK, GUv wK cyi‡bv eB‡qi GKUv ZvwjKv? Zvi †gavUv wK wQj Avm‡j? †gav Zvi wVKB wQj, wKš‘ †mUv‡K e¨envi bv Kivi e`‡j †m Zv wb‡q e¨emv Ki‡Z †M‡Q| hv †m Ki‡Z cviZ Zv bv K‡i †m †Kv‡bvg‡Z GUv e¨envi K‡i †M‡Q| †m †e‡Q wb‡qwQj, Zvi RxweKv †m Kjg ev †cbwm‡ji e`‡j Ab¨ †Kv‡bvfv‡e DcvR©b Ki‡e| A™¢zZ K_v, ZvB bq wK? hLb †m Av‡iKwU †g‡qi †cÖ‡g coZ ZLb †m wn‡me KiZ †mB gwnjv †hb Zvi Av‡M †cÖ‡gcov gwnjvi PvB‡Z †ewk UvKvIqvjv nq| hLb Zvi †cÖg m¤ú~Y© P‡j †Mj ZLb †m †KejB wg_¨v e‡jwQj, †hgb GLb GB †g‡qwUi Kv‡QI ej‡Q| hvi Kv‡Q Av‡Mi mKj gwnjvi PvB‡Z †ewk UvKv Av‡Q, A‡bK A‡bK UvKv, hvi GKRb ¯^vgx wQj, mšÍvb wQj, hvi †cÖwgKI A‡bK wQj, hv‡`i cÖwZ †m µ‡g wei³ n‡q D‡VwQj, †kl ch©šÍ †mB †g‡qB †jLK wn‡m‡e Zv‡K fv‡jvevmj gvbyl wn‡m‡e, m½x wn‡m‡e Ges †hb Mw”QZ a‡bi M‡e© Mwe©Z n‡q| me‡P‡q A™¢zZ K_v n‡jv, hLb †m Avi Zv‡K fv‡jvev‡m bv, †KejB wg_¨v e‡j, ZLb †m GB gwnjv‡K Zuvi UvKvi Rb¨B Zvi mewKQy DRvo K‡i †`Iqvi K_v ej‡Q, A_P †m hLb Zv‡K mwZ¨B fv‡jvevmZ ZLb GB K_vUv wKš‘ Zv‡K e‡jwb| n¨vwi fvej, Avgiv hvB-B Ki‡Z PvB bv †Kb, Zvi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i A‡bK wKQy

ev` w`‡Z n‡e| hvB †nvK, Zzwg †Zvgvi RxweKv msMÖn K‡iv †mUv w`‡qB †hLv‡b †Zvgvi mwZ¨Kvi †gav i‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Zzwg Zv wewµ K‡i w`‡qQ †hb‡Zbfv‡e| Avi hLb †Zvgvi †cÖg-fv‡jvevmvq Uvb a‡i‡Q ZLbB Zzwg UvKv‡K AwaK g~j¨ w`‡qQ| n¨vwi GUv eyS‡Z †c‡i‡Q, wKš‘ GUv KL‡bvB †m wjL‡e bv, GLbI bq| †m wjL‡e bv| hw`I GUv †jLvi Rb¨ Lye Dchy³ I ¸iæZ¡c~Y© wQj| GLb †n‡jb‡K †`Lv hv‡”Q, †Lvjv RvqMvUv w`‡q K¨v‡¤úi w`‡KB Avm‡Q| †m wkKv‡ii Rb¨ we‡kl ai‡bi c¨v›U c‡iwQj, nv‡Z wQj ivB‡dj| †QvKiv PvKi `y‡Uvi Nv‡o GKUv Uwg SzjwQj| Zviv †n‡j‡bi wcQy-wcQy AvmwQj| †n‡jb GLbI h‡_ó AvKl©Yxq| Zvi kixi GL‡bv Avb›``vqK| mwZ¨B weQvbvq Zvi h‡_ó cÖwZfv, cvi`wk©Zv Avi †evaeyw× wQj| Lye my›`ix †m bq, wKš‘ n¨vwi Zvi gyLkÖx cQ›` KiZ| cÖPzi coZ †n‡jb| †Nvovq P‡o wkKvi Ki‡ZI Lye cQ›` KiZ| Avi †ek g`¨cvbI KiZ| hLb †m Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e Av‡iv ZiæYx wQj, ZLbB Zvi ¯^vgx gviv hvq| Zvici †m Zvi mšÍvb‡`i h‡Zœ wb‡R‡K e¨vc„Z ivLj, hw`I ev”Pv `ywUi Avi ZLb Zv‡K `iKvi wQj bv| Zvi wb‡Ri †Nvovi Av¯Ívej, wb‡Ri covi eB, Zvi wbR¯^ cvbxq Ñ Gm‡e Zviv Lye weeªZ †eva KiZ| m‡Ü‡ejvq wWbv‡ii wVK Av‡M †n‡jb ¯‹P ûBw¯‹i m‡½ †mvWv wgwk‡q †L‡Z-†L‡Z eB coZ| wWbvi †kl n‡Z n‡Z †m cÖvq gvZvj n‡q †hZ| wWbv‡ii mg‡q Avevi GK †evZj myiv cvb Kivi d‡j †m GZUvB gvZvj n‡q †hZ †h AKvZ‡i Nywg‡q coZ| Gme Aek¨ Av‡MKvi K_v| Zvici hLb Zvi †cÖwgKiv †`Lv w`j ZLb †m Avi AZ †ewk cvb KiZ bv, KviY ZLb Zvi gvZvj n‡q Nywg‡q covi cÖ‡qvRb wQj bv| †cÖwgKiv †n‡jb‡K LyeB wei³ KiZ, Lye GK‡N‡q jvMZ Zv‡`i m‡½| Z‡e Ggb GKRb‡K we‡q K‡iwQj, †h Rxe‡b Zv‡K KL‡bv GK‡N‡qwg‡Z fzM‡Z †`qwb| wKš‘ GB †cÖwgKiv Zv‡K mwZ¨B GK‡N‡qwg‡Z fzwM‡q‡Q| Gici Zvi `yB †Q‡ji GKRb †cøb µv‡k gviv †Mj Avi †mUv hLb N‡UB †Mj ZLb †_‡K Avi †Kv‡bv †cÖwgK‡K Kv‡Q †Nul‡Z †`qwb| g`cv‡bI †Kv‡bv cÖkvwšÍ bv †gjvq †n‡jb ZLb Ab¨ GKiKg Rxeb †e‡Q wbj| Zvici nVvr GKw`b †m GKv n‡q hvIqvi f‡q LyeB fxZ n‡q coj| Ggb GKRb‡K †m PvBj, hv‡K wb‡Ri m‡½-m‡½ Zv‡KI kÖ×v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| mvgvb¨fv‡eB I‡`i †cÖg ïiæ n‡qwQj| n¨vwi hv wjLZ, Zv co‡Z †n‡jb cQ›` Ki‡Zv| n¨vwi †hfv‡e Rxebhvcb Ki‡Zv, Zv‡Z Zvi wnsmv n‡Zv| †m fve‡jv, GB f`ª‡jvK hv Ki‡Z Pvb, wVK Zv-B K‡ib| G‡KKUv wmuwo †cwi‡q †n‡jb Zv‡K †c‡q †Mj Avi †kl ch©šÍ Zvi †cÖ‡g co‡jv| G meB wQj wbqggvwdK| GKUz-GKUz K‡i †m Zvi RxebUv bZzb K‡i ˆZwi K‡i wb‡Z cvij| n¨vwiI GUv Pvwj‡q †Mj, Zvi cošÍ Rxe‡b hv wKQy wQj Zv GB gwnjvi m‡½ e`jve`wj K‡i wbj| n¨vwi †h GUv evwY‡R¨i g‡Zv Kij Zv wK wbivcËvi R‡b¨? Aviv‡gi R‡b¨? Zv‡Z Avi m‡›`n wK? GUv Aek¨ Zvi Rvbv wQj bv| n¨vwi hv wKQz PvBZ †n‡jb Zv-B wK‡b w`Z| n¨vwi Zv RvbZ, GB gwnjv KíbvZxZiKg PgrKvi GKRb gvbyl| PgrKvi gwnjv †m| n¨vwi Zvi m‡½ weQvbvq hv‡e, †hgb Ab¨ gwnjv‡`i m‡½ hvq| GUvB ¯^vfvweK| Z‡e Zv‡`i g‡a¨ we‡kl K‡i GB †n‡jb _vK‡eB, KviY †m abx, m`v nvm¨gqx| weQvbvq KL‡bv †Kv‡bv AevwÃZ `„‡k¨i AeZviYv K‡iwb| GLb Zvi m‡½ wZwb GB †h Rxeb M‡o Zz‡j‡Qb †mUvi †gqv` wK dzwi‡q Avm‡Q ïay GB Kvi‡Y †h, `y-mßvn Av‡M nuvUzUv hLb wQu‡o wM‡qwQj ZLb

97


wZwb Av‡qvwWb e¨envi bv K‡i nuvUz AuvP‡o‡Qb! wZwb GK`j nwi‡Yi Qwe †bIqvi †Póv KiwQ‡jb| IB Rj-nwiY¸‡jv gv_v DuPz K‡i Pvwiw`K †`LwQj Avi Zviv bvK w`‡q Avkcv‡ki evZv‡mi MÜ †bIqvi †Póv KiwQj| Kvb `ycv‡k Qov‡bv, hv‡Z mvgvb¨ kã n‡jB †Ui cvIqv hvq, hv‡Z Zviv m‡½ m‡½ †SvcSv‡oi Avov‡j P‡j †h‡Z cv‡i| Qwe †Zvjvi Av‡MB Zviv †`Š‡o wb‡g‡l A`„k¨ n‡qwQj| IB †h †n‡jb G‡jv| †m LvwUqv †_‡K gv_v Nywi‡q Zvi w`‡K ZvKvj| GB †h, wdi‡j? Avwg GKUv gÏv Uwg wkKvi K‡iwQ| †Zvgvi R‡b¨ Lye fv‡jv my¨c n‡e| Avwg Zv‡Z wKQy Avjy w`‡q †`e Avgvi wb‡Ri R‡b¨| †Kgb jvM‡Q GLb? A‡bK fv‡jv| evt, Lye fv‡jv K_v| Rv‡bv, Avwg fvewQjvg Zzwg GLb A‡bKUv fv‡jv †eva Ki‡e| hLb Avwg †ewi‡q hvB ZLb Zzwg Nygvw”Q‡j| nu¨v, Avgvi GKUv PgrKvi Nyg n‡q †Mj| Zzwg wK A‡bK `~‡i wM‡qwQ‡j? bv, IB †h wUjvUv †`Lv hv‡”Q Ii wcQ‡bi w`‡K| UwgUv‡K mn‡RB wkKvi K‡iwQ| Zzwg PgrKvi wbkvbv K‡iv| nu¨v, Avwg wkKvi Ki‡Z fv‡jvevwm| Avwd«Kv‡K Avwg fv‡jv‡e‡m †d‡jwQ| mwZ¨ ejwQ, Zzwg hw` fv‡jv _vK‡Z Zv n‡j AvR ch©šÍ hZ Avb›`-dzwZ© K‡iwQ GUv nZ Zvi g‡a¨ me‡P‡q gRvi| Zzwg †Zv Rv‡bv bv, †Zvgvi m‡½ wkKvi Ki‡Z †M‡j Kx †h gRv| Avwg †`kUv‡K fv‡jv‡e‡mB †d‡jwQ| AvwgI fv‡jvevwm| †mvbv, Zzwg †h GLb GKUz fv‡jv †eva KiQ, Zv‡Z Avwg Kx †h Avb›`‡eva KiwQ! Zzwg hLb IBme K_v ejwQ‡j Avwg mn¨ Ki‡Z cviwQjvg bv| Zzwg KL‡bv Avi Gfv‡e Avgvi m‡½ K_v ej‡e bv, wVK †Zv? K_v `vI| bv, eje bv| n¨vwi ejj, Kx e‡jwQjvg Avgvi g‡b co‡Q bv| Avgv‡K †Zvgvi aŸsm Ki‡Z n‡e bv, eyS‡j| Avwg GKRb gvSeqmx gwnjv gvÎ, GB gwnjv †Zvgv‡K fv‡jvev‡m, Zzwg hv Ki‡Z fv‡jvev‡mv †mI ZvB Ki‡Z cQ›` K‡i| Avwg Gi g‡a¨B `yevi ev wZbevi weaŸ¯Í n‡qwQ, Zzwg Avi Avgv‡K aŸsm Ki‡e bv, Ki‡Z PvB‡e bv, wVK †Zv? Avwg †Zvgv‡K K‡qKevi weQvbvq weaŸ¯Í Ki‡Z PvB| nu¨v, †mUvB n‡jv mePvB‡Z fv‡jvfv‡e weaŸ¯Í nIqv| Gfv‡eB †Zv Avgiv `yR‡b weaŸ¯Í n‡ev| Kvj †cøb Avm‡e| Zzwg Rvb‡j Kx K‡i? Avwg wbwðZ, Kvj Avm‡Z eva¨| PvKi-evKiiv MvQcvjv mwi‡q †cøb bvgvi PgrKvi e¨e¯’v K‡i‡Q| Avwg Iw`‡K wM‡qwQjvg, AvR‡KI †`‡L Gjvg| †cøb bvgvi RvqMvUv h‡_ó eo n‡q‡Q| bvgvi R‡b¨ †h-c_ Kiv `iKvi Zvi G gv_v-I gv_v `y-gv_vB wVK Kiv n‡q‡Q| Kvj †cøb Avm‡e Zzwg wbwðZ n‡j Kx K‡i? Avwg wbwðZ, Avm‡eB| Av‡MB Avmvi K_v wQj| hv-B †nvK Zviv †Zvgv‡K kn‡i wb‡q wM‡q †Zvgvi cv wVK K‡i †`‡e| Zvici Avevi K‡qKUv fv‡jv weaŸ¯Í nIqvi NUbv n‡e| Avi GiKg fqsKi K_vevZ©v ej‡e bv| Av”Qv, Avgiv wK GKUz cvb Kie? m~h© Wz‡e †M‡Q|

98

†Zvgvi wK g‡b n‡”Q, †mUv †Zvgvi Kiv DwPZ? Avwg †Zv GLywb GLb| wVK Av‡Q, Avgiv `yRb GKm‡½ GKUz Lve| g‡jv, ûBw¯‹ Avi †mvWv wb‡q G‡mv| Zzwg eis gkv Zvov‡bvi R‡b¨ †Zvgvi eyU c‡i bvI, n¨vwi ejj| bv, IUv cie mœv‡bi c‡i| `uvovI Avwg mœvb K‡i wbB| mܨvi AÜKvi †b‡g G‡j Zviv GKm‡½ wKQyUv cvb Kij| Avi hLb †ek AÜKvi †b‡g G‡jv, wkKvi Kivi Rb¨ hLb Avi †Kv‡bv Av‡jv †bB, ZLb GKUv nv‡qbv †Lvjv RvqMvUv w`‡q †nu‡U wUjvUvi wcQb w`‡K P‡j †Mj| GB †eRb¥v Rš‘Uv cÖ‡Z¨K iv‡Z GKevi K‡i GBLvb w`‡q hvq, n¨vwi ejj| MZ `yB mßvn a‡i cÖ‡Z¨K iv‡Z| IBUvB †mUv, †hUv iv‡Z wPrKvi K‡i| Avwg GKUzI MÖvn¨ Kwi bv| †bvsiv, nZ”Qvov cÖvYx| GKm‡½ cvb Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z †`Lv †Mj, GLb Avi †Kv‡bv hš¿Yv †bB| ïay GKfv‡e A‡bK¶Y ï‡q _vKvi Rb¨ GKUz cvk wdi‡Z B‡”Q Ki‡Q| Avwd«Kvb PvKi¸‡jv GKUv Av‡jv R¡vjvj| K¨v‡¤úi Ici Qvqv Suvwc‡q coj| †m Abyfe Kij, Z…wßKi AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi mgqUv wd‡i G‡jv| †n‡jb mwZ¨B Zvi cÖwZ LyeB `iw`| †m-B eis Zvi cÖwZ wbôzi n‡q‡Q| we‡Kj‡ejvq KZK¸‡jv Ab¨vh¨ K_v e‡j‡Q| Avm‡j †m AwZ PgrKvi gwnjv, AmvaviYfv‡e fv‡jv, wVK ZLbB Zvi g‡b n‡jv, g„Z¨z Avmbœ| ûk K‡i †m P‡j G‡jv, R‡ji g‡Zv, †XD‡qi g‡Zv bq, evZv‡mi g‡Zv SvcUv w`‡q bq, eis GKUv wekÖx MÜIqvjv AvKw¯§K k~b¨Zvi g‡Zv| Avi mePvB‡Z †eLvàv e¨vcvi n‡jv, nv‡qbvUv wVK ZLywb nvjKvfv‡e Gi avi †Nu‡l P‡j †Mj| n¨vwi Kx n‡q‡Q? †n‡jb wRÁvmv Kij| wKQy bv, †m DËi w`‡jv| Zzwg eis GKUz Icv‡k hvI, IB evZv‡mi w`‡K| g‡jv †Zvgvi cv-Uv wK Avevi ay‡q-gy‡Q w`‡q‡Q? nu¨v, Avwg GLb IB wVKVvK †evwiKUv e¨envi KiwQ| †Kgb jvM‡Q †Zvgvi? GKUz †hb G‡jv‡g‡jv| Av”Qv, Avwg GLb mœvb Ki‡Z hvw”Q| G¶zwb †ewi‡q Avme, G‡m †Zvgvi m‡½ Lve, Zvici †Zvgvi LvwUqvUv wfZ‡i wb‡q Avme| †m wb‡R-wb‡R ejj, fv‡jvB K‡iwQ Avgiv, SMov Kiv eÜ K‡iwQ| GB gwnjvi m‡½ †m KL‡bvB †ewk SMov K‡iwb| wKš‘ Ab¨‡`i m‡½ †m GZB SMov KiZ, GZB weiw³ mÂvi KiZ †h †kl ch©šÍ Zviv Zv‡`i wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ fv‡jvevmv hv GKUz _vKZ †mUv‡K G‡Kev‡iB aŸsm K‡i †djZ| †m eÇ †ewk fv‡jv‡e‡m‡Q, eÇ †ewk `vwe K‡i‡Q| GB K‡i-K‡i †m wb‡R‡K ¶q K‡i †d‡j‡Q| evwo Qvovi Av‡M c¨vwi‡m †h SMov n‡qwQj, GLb Kb÷vw›U‡bvc‡j †m GKv †mB mgqUvi K_v wPšÍv KiwQj| IB mgqUvq †m eviv½bv‡`i m‡½B †ewk mgq KvwU‡qwQj| Zvici hLb wKQy‡ZB †m Zvi GKvwKZ¡ `~i Ki‡Z cviwQj bv, eis Ae¯’v hLb Av‡iv Lviv‡ci w`‡K †Mj ZLb †h Zv‡K †Q‡o P‡j wM‡qwQj Zv‡KB cÖ_g wPwV wj‡LwQj| wPwV‡Z †m wj‡LwQj, kZ †Póv K‡iI Zvi GKvwKZ¡‡K †m Lyb Ki‡Z cv‡iwb| hLb Zv‡K wi‡R‡Ýi evB‡i GKevi †`‡LwQj †m wfZ‡i wfZ‡i LyeB Amy¯Z ’ v Abyfe K‡iwQj| †m w¯’i K‡iwQj †mB †g‡qwU‡KB AbymiY Ki‡e †h


†g‡qwU †`L‡Z A‡bKUv Zvi g‡ZvB wQj| Zvic‡i fqB †c‡q hv‡e, hLb †m †`L‡e ey¨‡jfvi a‡i Zv‡K AbymiY Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z hLb Zv‡K †`L‡Z cv‡e †m †`L‡e, Av‡i G †Zv †mB †g‡qwU bq| Zvi cÖ_g †h Abyfw‚ Z n‡qwQj †mUv nvwi‡q †djvi f‡q fxZ wQj †m| hv‡`i hv‡`i m‡½ †m ivZ KvwU‡qwQj Zv‡`i mevB †kl ch©šÍ Zv‡K nvwi‡q †djvi Abyfw‚ ZB w`‡qwQj| A_P Zv‡`i †KDB Zvi Kv‡Q †Kv‡bv e¨vcviB wQj bv| hv‡`i m‡½ †m ivZ KvwU‡qwQj Zviv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB nvwi‡q †djvi Abyfw‚ Z w`‡qwQj n¨vwi‡K| gwnjvwU Ab¨‡`i m‡½ hv K‡iB _vKzK bv †Kb Zviv Zv‡`i nvwi‡q †djvi Abyfw‚ Z w`‡qwQj| gwnjvwU hvB-B K‡i _vKzK bv †Kb, Zv‡Z Zvi wKQyB G‡m-hvIqvi K_v bq| KviY †m RvbZ, †m wKQz‡ZB wb‡R‡K fv‡jvevmvi †ivM †_‡K wbivgq Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| GB wPwV †m K¬v‡e e‡m wj‡LwQj Lye VvÛv gv_vq| Zvic‡i wbDBq‡K© †cv÷ K‡i w`‡qwQj Avi Zv‡K e‡jwQj †m †hb Zvi c¨vwi‡mi Awd‡m wPwV †j‡L| GUvB wbivc` e‡j g‡b n‡qwQj| IB ivw·Z †m wfZ‡i-wfZ‡i k~b¨Zv Avi GKiKg Amy¯Z ’ v †eva KiwQj| ZLb iv‡Z †m U¨vw·‡gi iv¯Ívq Nyi‡Z-Nyi‡Z GKwU †g‡q msMÖn Kij Avi iv‡Zi Lvev‡ii Rb¨ Zv‡K m‡½ wb‡q †Mj| Zvic‡i †m Zv‡K wb‡q GKUv bv‡Pi K¬v‡e †Mj| †g‡qwU †gv‡UB fv‡jv bv‡P bv| Kv‡RB †m GK MbM‡b Av‡g©wbqvb †Qbvj †g‡qi Rb¨ IB †g‡qUv‡K Z¨vM Kij| Av‡g©wbqvb †QbvjwU ZLb Ggb K‡i Zvi †cUUv Zvi kix‡i jvMv‡jv †hb g‡b n‡jv kix‡ii

†m Avbv‡Zvwjqv Qvoj| Zvi g‡b coj, iv¯Ívi GKcv‡k cwc †¶‡Zi wfZi w`‡q †m mvivw`b Ny‡i †eovj| cwc Zviv Avwdg ˆZwi Kivi Rb¨ ey‡b‡Q| Avðh© e¨vcvi, †kl ch©šÍ GiB cÖfv‡e †evanq Pviw`‡Ki `~iZ¡ †Mvj‡g‡j e‡j g‡b n‡jv| Awdmviiv G‡m hvIqvi Av‡M †Kv_vq †h Zviv AvµgY K‡iwQj wKQyB Zviv RvbZ bv| Kvgvbevwnbx Zv‡`i Ic‡i ¸wjel©Y Ki‡Z ïiæ Kij Avi †LuvRLei mÜvbx Bs‡iR AwdmviwU evj‡Ki g‡Zv †Ku‡` DVj| †mB †m cÖ_g †`‡LwQj gvby‡li g„Z‡`n| Zv‡`i kix‡i wQj †hv×vi †cvkvK, Avi Dj‡Uv K‡i ivLv Ry‡Zv¸‡jv Avi Zv‡`i c`-cwiPqm~PK Dw`©¸‡jv| ZzwK©iv hLb mZK©fv‡e GwM‡q G‡jv ZLb n¨vwi Dw`© civ †jvK¸‡jv‡K †`‡LwQj †`Š‡o cvjv‡”Q Avi Awdmviiv Zv‡`i Ici ¸wj Qzo‡Q| Zviv wb‡RivI cvjv‡”Q| †m Avi Bs‡iR cywjkUv dzmdzm e¨_v bv Kiv ch©šÍ †`Š‡owQj| Zv‡`i gyL ay‡jvq cwic~Y,© †kl ch©šÍ Zviv cv_‡ii Avov‡j wM‡q †_‡gwQj| ZL‡bv ZzwK©iv Lye mZK©Zvi m‡½ G‡Mv‡”Q, Zvic‡i †m Ggb `„k¨ †`‡LwQj hv †m KL‡bv fve‡Z cv‡iwb, c‡iI bq| Aek¨ c‡i †m Av‡iv Lvivc Ae¯’v †`‡LwQj| Kv‡RB †m hLb c¨vwi‡m wd‡i †Mj, †m G-m¤^‡Ü †Kv‡bv K_vB ej‡Z cviZ bv A_ev Avi †KD G-e¨vcv‡i K_v ej‡j mn¨I Ki‡Z cviZ bv| P‡j hvIqvi mgq †m GKUv Kwd nvDm †`Lj| GKRb Av‡gwiKvb Kwe †Mvj Avjyi g‡Zv wb‡e©va gyL wb‡q KZK¸‡jv mmvi mvg‡b †i‡L e‡mwQj Avi GKRb †ivgvwbqv‡bi

GB wPwV †m K¬v‡e e‡m wj‡LwQj Lye VvÛv gv_vq| Zvic‡i wbDBq‡K© †cv÷ K‡i w`‡qwQj Avi Zv‡K e‡jwQj †m †hb Zvi c¨vwi‡mi Awd‡m wPwV †j‡L| GUvB wbivc` e‡j g‡b n‡qwQj| IB AskUv cy‡o †M‡Q| †m GKRb Bs‡iR e›`yKev‡Ri KvQ †_‡K †ek GKUv Sv‡gjv-d¨vmv` K‡i †g‡qwU‡K wQwb‡q wbj| e›`yKevR Zv‡K ejj evB‡i †h‡Z| evB‡i G‡m Zviv cv_iKzwPQov‡bv iv¯Ívi Ic‡i AÜKv‡i A‡bK¶Y gvivgvwi Kij| n¨vwi †jvKUv‡K `yevi AvNvZ K‡iwQj Zvi †Pvqv‡ji cv‡k| ZviciI †m hLb gvwU‡Z c‡o †Mj bv, †m eySj hy×Uv GLb Pvjv‡ZB n‡e| e›`yKevR Zv‡K cÖPÐ AvNvZ Kij, Gev‡i Zvi †Pv‡Li cv‡k| †m Ny‡i `uvwo‡q euv-nv‡Z GKUv Nywm Qyoj, e›`yKevR Zvi Ic‡iB c‡o †Mj| wKš‘ c‡oB †m n¨vwii †KvU †P‡c a‡i GKUv nvZv †U‡b wQu‡o †djj| n¨vwi ZLb Zvi gv_vq Av‡iv `y‡Uv Nywm gvij Kv‡bi cv‡k, Zvic‡i Wvb nv‡Zi Avi GKUv Nywm‡Z Zv‡K wb‡Ri Ici †_‡K mwi‡q w`j| e›`yKevRUv hLb gv_v wbPz K‡i gvwU‡Z c‡o †Mj Zvi gv_vq cÖPÐ AvNvZ jvMj| GB duv‡K †m †g‡qwU‡K wb‡q †`Šo w`j| Zviv ï‡bwQj wgwjUvwi cywjk Avm‡Q| GKUv U¨vw· wb‡q Zviv emdivm a‡i wj‡gwjwnmvi w`‡K P‡j †Mj| Zvici wbR©b VvÛv iv‡Z GKm‡½ weQvbvq †Mj Zviv| n¨vwii g‡b n‡jv, GKUz †hb eywo‡q †M‡Q †g‡qwU| wKš‘ Zvi MvÎPg© gm„Y †Mvjv‡ci cvcwoi g‡Zv, wmiv‡ci g‡Zv wgwó, †cUI Zvi LyeB gm„Y| ¯Íb `ywU wekvj Avi Zvi †Kvg‡ii wb‡P †Kv‡bv evwjk jv‡M bv| †g‡qwU P‡j hvIqvi Av‡MB †m Ni †_‡K †ewi‡q †Mj| mKv‡ji cÖ_g Av‡jv‡Z wekÖx jvMwQj Zvi| †civ c¨v‡j‡mi w`‡K †m ZvKvj, GKUv †PvL †Zv AvNvZ †c‡q Kv‡jv n‡q Av‡Q| †KvUUv †m nv‡Z wb‡q‡Q, KviY Zv‡Z GKUv nvZv †bB| IB iv‡ZB

m‡½ Ô`v`vBRgÕ wb‡q K_v ejwQj| †ivgvwbqvbwU Zvi bvg e‡jwQj wUª÷vbhviv| me mgq †m GKUv g‡bvKj c‡i _vK‡Zv| gv_ve¨_vq fzMZ me mgq| wcQb w`‡K A¨vcvU©‡g‡›U Zvi ¯¿x _vKZ, GLb †m Avevi fvjevm‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q| d¨vmv` †bB, SMov †bB, gv_ve¨_v †bB, evwo wd‡i G‡jB Zvi eD Lywk| Awdm †_‡K iv‡ZB Zvi KvMRcÎ cvwV‡q †`Iqv n‡qwQj| ZLb GKRb‡K †h wPwV †m wj‡LwQj Zvi DËiUv G‡jv mKv‡j| Avi hLb †m IB wPwVi nv‡Zi †jLv †`L‡Z †cj, mg¯Í kixiUv Zvi wng VvÛv n‡q †Mj| †m †Póv Kij wPwVUv Ab¨ wPwVi Zjvq ivL‡Z, wKš‘ Zvi ¯¿x wR‡Ám Kij, Kvi KvQ †_‡K GB wPwVUv G‡jv Wvwj©s? e¨m, †mUvB n‡jv Zv‡`i ïiæi †kl| †m G‡`i m‡½ †h PgrKvi mgq KvwU‡qwQj Zv Zvi g‡b coj| SMov¸‡jvI| Aek¨ SMov Kivi Rb¨ Zviv me mgq Dchy³ RvqMvUvB †e‡Q wbZ| hLb †m †gvUvgywU fv‡jv †eva Ki‡Z ïiæ KiZ ZLbB †Kb †h Zviv SMov ïiæ KiZ †K Rv‡b? Gm‡ei †Kv‡bv wKQyB †m wKš‘ †j‡Lwb| †evanq GB Kvi‡Y †h, †m KL‡bvB KvD‡K AvNvZ w`‡Z Pvqwb| Zvici Zvi Kv‡Q g‡b n‡Zv, Gme QvovI †jLvi A‡bK wKQz Av‡Q| †m memgq ïayB †f‡e‡Q †h, †kl ch©šÍ †m wjL‡eB Ñ GZ †jLvi i‡q‡Q SMov-UMov ev` w`‡qI| c„w_exi e`j hv N‡U‡Q Zv †m †`‡L‡Q, ïay NUbvi e¨vcviB bq, hw`I bvbv iKg NUbv †m †`‡L‡Q Avi gvbyl‡K Mfxifv‡e j¶ K‡i‡Q| gvby‡li g‡a¨ Lye m~² cwieZ©bI †m †Lqvj K‡i‡Q| †m j¶ K‡i‡Q bvbv mg‡q Kxfv‡e gvby‡li e`j NUwQj| †m †h Gi g‡a¨B wQj| meB Zvi †`Lv|

99


Gme †jLv Zvi KZ©e¨ wQj, wKš‘ GUv Avi †m †Kv‡bvw`b Ki‡e bv| †Kgb jvM‡Q †Zvgvi GLb? mœvb K‡i gwnjvwU Zuveyi evB‡i G‡m‡Qb| Avwg wVK AvwQ| GLb wK Zzwg wKQy Lv‡e? PvKi g‡jv‡K †m wcQ‡bB †`L‡Z †cj, nv‡Z Zvi †MvUv‡bv †UwejUv| Avi Ab¨ PvKiwUi nv‡Z Lvev‡ii †cøU| Avwg wjL‡Z PvB, †m ejj| †Zvgvi GLb wKQy cywóKi Lvevi †L‡q †bIqv `iKvi hv‡Z Zzwg LvwbKUv ej cvI| Avwg AvR iv‡ZB gie| Avgvi we‡kl †Kv‡bv kw³ ev e‡ji cÖ‡qvRb †bB| Zzwg GiKg nvm¨Ki bvUK †Kb KiQ? K‡iv bv n¨vwi| Zzwg †Kb †Zvgvi bvKUv e¨envi KiQ bv e‡jv †Zv? Avgvi Eiæ ch©šÍ A‡a©K cv c‡P †M‡Q| GLb Avgvi G cywóKi Lvev‡ii Kx `iKvi? g‡jv, hvI ûBw¯‹ Avi †mvWv wb‡q G‡mv| Zzwg GB my¨cUzKz †L‡q bvI Wvwj©s| Av”Qv, wVK Av‡Q `vI| my¨cUv †ek Mig wQj| KvcUv †m A‡bK¶Y a‡i _vKj hZ¶Y bv PzgyK †`Iqvi g‡Zv nq| Zvici †m GK Pzgy‡K †L‡q †djj my¨cUv| Zzwg AwZ PgrKvi gwnjv| Avgvi K_vq Kvb w`‡qv bv| gwnjv Zvi w`‡K ZvKv‡jb| fv‡jvevmvq cwic~Y© †mB †Pbv gyLLvwb Zvi w`‡K †P‡q| GKUz g`¨cvb K‡i‡Qb e‡j LvwbKUv Ab¨iKg jvMwQj| weQvbvq wVK †kvevi g‡Zv bq †hb| wKš‘ Ôkni, bMi I gd¯^jÕ eBUv Ggb K‡i aiv wQj †h Zvi my›`i ¯Íb`ywU †`Lv †M‡jv bv| Avi IB PgrKvi Eiæ `ywU, nvjKv †QvU Av`i Kivi g‡Zv nvZ `y-LvwbI! n¨vwi hLb Zvi w`‡K †P‡q †`LwQj, ZLb †m Zvi PgrKvi wgwó nvwmwU †`L‡Z †cj Avi wVK ZLbB †m Abyfe Kij g„Zz¨ Avm‡Q| GLb AvmvUv Avevi ZZ `ªæZ bq| †QvU GKUv nvjKv wbtk¦v‡mi g‡Zv, GK SjK evZv‡mi g‡Zv| †h-evZv‡m †gvgevwZ †Ku‡c I‡V Avi Zvi wkLvUv j¤^v n‡q hvq| Zviv wKš‘ Avgvi gkvwiUv wb‡q G‡m IB Mv‡Qi wb‡P weQvbv‡Z UvwO‡q w`‡Z cv‡i Avi Av¸bUv‡K Av‡iKUz R¡vjvwb w`‡q †Rvivj Ki‡Z cv‡i| GLvb †_‡K GLb bovPov Kivi †Kv‡bv `iKvi †`LwQ bv| cwi®‹vi ivwÎ, GB iv‡Z †Kv‡bv e„wó n‡e bv| Zvn‡j GBfv‡eB Zzwg gi‡e `xN©k¦v‡mi k‡ã| †h-kã Zzwg Av‡M †kvbwb| wVK Av‡Q Avi †Kv‡bv SMov n‡e bv| †m GLb GUv cÖwZÁv K‡iB ej‡Z cv‡i, †h-GKwU gvÎ AwfÁZv (g„Zz¨) †m KL‡bvB cvqwb, †mUv‡K †m GLb Avi bó Ki‡Z Pvq bv| ZeyI †m nq‡Zv bó K‡iB †dj‡e| Zzwg †Zv mewKQy bóB K‡i †d‡jQ, †evanq GUv‡KI †m bó Ki‡e| Av”Qv Zzwg AbywjLb Ki‡Z cvi? bv, Avwg GL‡bv GUv Af¨vm Kwiwb| wVK Av‡Q| Aemi wQj bv e‡U| wKš‘ †Uwj‡¯‹v‡ci wfZi w`‡q b¶Î †`Lvi g‡Zv nq‡Zv GK c¨vivMÖv‡dB GB †jLvUv †kl Ki‡Z cvi‡Z| Aek¨ hw` GUv‡K wVKg‡Zv †c‡Z|

100

Kv‡Vi ˆZwi GKUv evwo| mv`v cøv÷vi †`Iqv| n«‡`i Ic‡i wUjvUvq| `iRvi Kv‡Q Zvi GKUv NwÈ wQj `‡Ði m‡½ jvMv‡bv| IUv evwR‡q AwZw_‡`i Lvevi cwi‡ek‡bi Lei †`Iqv †hZ| evwoi wcQ‡b gvV Avi gv‡Vi c‡iB g~j¨evb e„‡¶i eb| GK mvwi j¤^v ccjvi evwo †_‡K †mvRv e‡bi avi ch©šÍ †M‡Q| Ab¨vb¨ ccjviI GKB w`‡K †M‡Q| GKUv iv¯Ív GB evwoi cvk w`‡q wUjv¸‡jvi Ic‡i D‡V‡Q †hLvb †_‡K †m Kv‡jvRvg Zz‡j †L‡qwQj| Zvici GKw`b IB Kv‡Vi evwoUv cy‡o QvB n‡q †Mj| †h-e›`yK¸‡jv V¨vmv‡bv wQj Av¸‡bi cv‡kB, †m¸‡jvI cy‡o wM‡qwQj, Avi Zv‡`i bj¸‡jvi g¨vMvwR‡bi g‡a¨ wmmv¸‡jvI M‡j †Mj| cy‡o †kl n‡q wM‡qwQj Rgv LveviI, †m¸‡jv IB QvB‡qi Ic‡iB c‡o wQj| eo-eo †KZwj aivi Rb¨ †h muvovwk wQj †m¸‡jvI cy‡o †Mj| †Zvgvi wcZvgn‡K wR‡Ám K‡iwQ‡j Zzwg G¸‡jv wb‡q †Ljv Ki‡Z cv‡iv wKbv| Avi wZwb e‡jwQ‡jb Ñ bv| eyS‡ZB cviQ G¸‡jv me Zuvi e›`yK wQj| Zvici Avi GKwU e›`yKI wZwb †K‡bbwb| GKwU cïI wkKvi K‡ibwb| evwoUv Avevi ˆZwi Kiv n‡qwQj GKB RvqMvq, IB GKBiKg KvV w`‡q, mv`v i‡OB is Kiv n‡qwQj| Avi evB‡i †cvP© †_‡KB †`Lv †hZ ccjvi MvQ¸‡jv Avi Zv‡`i wcQ‡b †jKUv‡K| ZLb Avi †ewk e›`yK wQj bv| e›`y‡Ki bj¸‡jv †Svjv‡bv wQj †`qv‡ji Mv‡q nwi‡Yi cv‡qi nv‡oi †h mg¯Í i¨v‡Ki g‡Zv wQj †m¸‡jv‡Z| cv‡kB wQj QvB‡qi Mv`v| †KD Avi †Kv‡bvw`b G‡`i ¯úk© KiZ bv| hy‡×i c‡i eø¨vK d‡i‡÷ Avgiv GKUv evwo fvov K‡iwQjvg| ILv‡b †cuŠQv‡bvi Rb¨ `y‡Uv iv¯Ív wQj| ILvbKvi †QvÆ LvjUvq iæB gvQ wQj A‡bK| iv¯Ív `y‡Uvi GKUv IB wUjvi wb‡P †_‡K wUªev‡M©i Pvicv‡ki Mv‡Qi Qvqvi g‡a¨ w`‡q DuPm z gZjf‚wgi Ic‡ii w`‡K D‡V †M‡Q| GB iv¯ÍvUvi `yB cv‡ki eo MvQ¸‡jvi mvwii gvSLvb w`‡q| iv¯ÍvUv aea‡e mv`v| Zvici Avjv`v GKUv iv¯Ív G‡Kev‡i wUjvi Ici w`‡q †QvU-†QvU Lvgvi evwo †cwi‡q †cuŠ‡Q †M‡Q LvjUv ch©š|Í GBLvb †_‡KB Zv‡`i gvQ aiv ïiæ| Ab¨ iv¯ÍvUv Lvov D‡V R½‡ji avi ch©šÍ P‡j †M‡Q| Zvic‡i wUjv¸‡jvi Ici w`‡q cvBb MvQ¸‡jvi wfZi Xz‡K Avevi †mLvb †_‡K †ewi‡q Qvqveûj R½jvKxY© RvqMvUvi avi †Nu‡l †mZz ch©šÍ †M‡Q| Gi g‡a¨ evP© MvQ Av‡Q| †QvU miæ GB b`xi †mªv‡Zi cvk w`‡q evP© Mv‡Qi mvwi| b`xi †mªvZUv †Zgb PIov bq, eis msKxY©; Z‡e RjUv SKS‡K Avi †mªvZUv `ªæZ e‡q hv‡”Q| Avi †hLv‡b evP© Mv‡Qi Zjvi gvwU KvU‡Z n‡”Q †mLv‡b Avjv`v n‡q cyK‡z ii g‡Zv Rj R‡g Av‡Q| Avi ILv‡b wUev‡M©i †h †nv‡Uj Av‡Q Zvi gvwj‡Ki GKUv PgrKvi Aemi KvUv‡bvi RvqMv Av‡Q| RvqMvUvq †M‡jB gb fv‡jv n‡q hvq| Avgiv mevB Nwbô eÜz| c‡ii eQi gy`vª ùxwZ †`Lv w`j| †m-eQi †nv‡Uj gvwjKwUi Kv‡Q h‡_ó UvKv wQj bv ZvB Zvi †nv‡Uj Pvjv‡bvi Rb¨ `iKvwi wRwbmcÎ mieivn Kiv m¤¢e nqwb| †m ZLb AvZ¥nZ¨v K‡i| Zzwg ivq w`‡Z cvi‡e, wKš‘ ZvB e‡j Zzwg Zv‡`i gvbv‡Z ev AvUKv‡Z cvi‡e bv Ñ IB †h K‡UªvmµvÞ, †hLv‡b dzj we‡µZviv dzj¸‡jv is K‡i, i‡Oi †mªvZ iv¯Ív w`‡q Mwo‡q †hLvb †_‡K A‡Uvevm¸‡jv Qv‡o †mLv‡b †cuŠ‡Qvq Avi e„×-e„×viv memgq g` †L‡q gvZvj n‡q c‡o _v‡K, Avi µgvMZ VvÛv †j‡M †Q‡j‡g‡q‡`i bvK w`‡q mw`© S‡i, †mLv‡b Nv‡gi wekÖx MÜ, gvZjvwg‡Z gk¸j Kwd nvDm| Avi †h-mg¯Í †`n cmvwiYx Wvjgvw÷qv‡i Av‡Q Zviv Ic‡i _v‡K| †h


cwi`wk©KvwU wicvewj‡Ki MvW©‡K wb‡Ri N‡i wb‡q Zvi g‡bviÄb KiwQj Zvi †nj‡gUUv GKUv †Pqv‡ii Ic‡i i‡q‡Q| njN‡ii wfZi w`‡q †hLv‡b Zvi ¯^vgx i‡q‡Q †m mvB‡Kj †`Š‡o GKRb cÖwZ‡hvMx, †m cvix-Uz¨‡i Z…Zxq ¯’vb AwaKvi K‡i‡Q| mKv‡j gwnjvwU jv-A‡Uv‡Z †`L‡jb Zvi ¯^vgx cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq Z…Zxq ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q Ñ Avi GUv n‡”Q Zvi cÖ_g cÖwZ‡hvwMZv Ñ gwnjvwU GKUz j¾vivOv n‡q Zv‡K WvK‡Z-WvK‡Z †LjvayjvwelqK njy` †h †jdvdvUv wQj †mB KvMRUv wb‡q nBnB K‡i Ic‡i D‡V †M‡jb| gwnjvi ¯^vgx GKUv U¨vw· PvjvZ| n¨vwi‡K mKvj‡ejvi †cøbUv ai‡Z n‡e †mRb¨ IB f`ªgwnjvi ¯^vgx `iRvq †UvKv w`j Zv‡K RvwM‡q †`Iqvi Rb¨| Zvici Zviv wb‡Riv GK Møvm K‡i mv`v g` cvb Kij iIbv nIqvi Av‡M| †m Av‡kcv‡ki †jvK‡`i wPbZ| Zviv mK‡jB Lye `wi`ª wQj| RvqMvUvi Avkcv‡k `yB ai‡bi gvbyl wQj, gvZvj Avi dzwZ©evR| gvZvjiv Zv‡`i `vwi`ª¨ fz‡j _vKZ gvZvj n‡q, Avi Mwieiv evB‡i dzwZ© KiZ| Zviv wQj KwgDbvW©‡`i eskai| KwgDbvW©‡`i ivRbxwZ Kx n‡e Zv wb‡q Zv‡`i †Kv‡bv Sv‡gjv †cvnv‡Z n‡Zv bv| Zviv wVKB RvbZ †K Zv‡`i evev‡`i nZ¨v K‡i‡Q, AvZ¥xq‡`i nZ¨v K‡i‡Q, Zv‡`i fvB‡`i nZ¨v K‡i‡Q, Zv‡`i eÜz‡`i nZ¨v K‡i‡Q| fvm©vB c`vwZK evwnbx G‡m GB kniUv‡K `Lj K‡i KwgD‡bi mevB‡K nZ¨v K‡i †djj| hviv Uzwc ciZ, Ab¨ †Kv‡bv GKUv wPý e¨envi KiZ ev Kv‡iv Kovcov nvZ †`LZ ZLwb †evSv †hZ †h Giv IB `‡j KvR Kivi †jvK| Ggb `vwi‡`ª¨i g‡a¨ evD‡Pwi †kfvjvB‡qi Av‡kcv‡k w`‡q †hme †KvqvU©vi wQj Avi GKUv g‡`i †Kv-Acv‡iwUf wQj †mLv‡bB, ZLb †m wKš‘ Zvi †jLv ïiæ K‡iwQj| hv wKQz Zv‡K wjL‡Z n‡e Zv †m Avi¤¢ K‡iwQj| c¨vwi‡mi GB AskUv‡K †m LyeB cQ›` KiZ| GB MvQ¸‡jv, mv`v cøv÷vi Kiv evwo¸‡jv hv‡`i wb‡Pi Ask Avevi †e¸wb is Kiv n‡q‡Q, IB j¤^v meyR A‡Uvevm¸‡jv †MvjPZ¡‡ii cvk w`‡q †h¸‡jv PjZ Avi duvKv iv¯Ív¸‡jv‡K iwOb dz‡ji i‡O wfwR‡q †`Iqv n‡Zv, Zvic‡i AK¯§vr wUjvi G‡Kev‡i wb‡P KvwW©bvj †jgBb iv¯Ív †h-iv¯Ív a‡i b`x‡Z hvIqv †hZ| Av‡iKUv iv¯Ív w`‡qI hvIqv †hZ, †hUv Lye msKxY© gvby‡li wf‡o fiv †gŠ‡dUvW© GjvKv w`‡q| GB iv¯ÍvUvB c¨v‡š’q‡bi w`‡K D‡V †M‡Q, Avi Ab¨ iv¯Ív¸‡jv w`‡q evBmvB‡Kj Pjv‡div KiZ, mvB‡K‡j K‡i †m IB iv¯ÍvB aiZ| Avi GKgvÎ A¨vmd‡ëi iv¯Ív, hv cy‡iv GjvKvq GKwU gvÎB wQj, Mvwoi PvKvi Zjvq LyeB gm„Y| Avi †mBme Lye DuPz wKš‘ msKxY© evwo, m¯Ív DuPz †nv‡Uj¸‡jv †hLv‡b cj †f‡j©b gviv wM‡qwQ‡jb| Zviv †hLv‡b evm KiZ †mB A¨vcvU©‡g‡›U `ywU gvÎ Ni wQj| G‡Kev‡i IciZjvq Avi GKwU Ni wQj, †hUvi Rb¨ gv‡m lvU d«vu K‡i fvov ¸b‡Z n‡Zv| GLv‡bB e‡m †jLv‡jwL KiZ Avi GLvb †_‡KB †m kn‡ii A‡bK Qv` Avi wPgwb, Avi c¨vwi‡mi wUjv¸‡jv †`L‡Z †cZ| wb‡Ri A¨vcvU©‡g›U †_‡K †m ïay †`LZ †Svc-R½j Avi Kqjv wewµi RvqMv| IB †jvKUv g`I †ePZ, ev‡R g`| Ô†eŠ‡Pwi †mfvÕ jvB‡bi cv‡k †hLv‡b †mvbvwj †Nvovi gv_vUv ivLv Av‡Q, †mLv‡b A‡bK njy` g„Z †Nvovi †`n SzjZ, Zv‡`i is wQj †mvbvwj| Rvbvjvq jvj Avi meyR is Kiv †Kv-Acv‡iwUf, †mLvb †_‡K Zviv g` wKbZ, fv‡jv g`, m¯Ív g`| evwK¸‡jviB cøv÷vi Kiv †`qvj Avi cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i w`‡K Rvbvjv| cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i †KD iv‡Z hLb iv¯Ívi Ici g` †L‡q c‡o _vKZ, †MvOvZ A™¢Z z divwm †`nvwZ fvlvq, ejZ †Zvgv‡`i †hUv wek¦vm Kivi Rb¨ cÖPvi Kiv n‡”Q Zvi †Kv‡bv Aw¯ÍZ¡ bvB| ZLb

Rvbvjv¸‡jv Ly‡j †hZ Avi wbPz k‡ãi K_vevZ©v †kvbv †hZ| cywj‡ki †jvK KB? hLb Zzwg cywjk wVK PvI bv, ZLbB IB DReyKUv G‡m nvwRi n‡e| GLb †m nq‡Zv GKRb cwiPvwiKvi m‡½ ï‡q Av‡Q| G‡R›U‡K WvK| hZ¶Y ch©šÍ bv GK evjwZ Rj Rvbvjv w`‡q I‡`i Mv‡q Qy‡o †`Iqv n‡Zv ZZ¶Y ch©šÍ Iiv IB iKg K‡i †MvOvZ| Zvici Mv‡q Rj co‡jB Pzc| GUv Kx? Rj! Avnv, G‡Kev‡i wVK KvR! Rvbvjv¸‡jv eÜ n‡jv| GKR‡bi ¯¿x, †gwi, AvU NÈvi Kg©w`e‡mi cÖwZev` KiZ| ¯^vgx hw` Q-Uv ch©šÍ KvR K‡i GK-AvaUz g` †L‡q gvZvj nq evwo Avmvi c‡_ Zvn‡j Lye †ewk wKQy G‡m-hvq bv| hw` †m cuvPUv ch©šÍ KvR KiZ Avi cÖ‡Z¨Kw`b †bkv KiZ Zvn‡j Zvi †Kv‡bv UvKv-cqmvB _vKZ bv| GB mg¯Í Kgx© ev †L‡U †eov‡bv gvbyl hviv wKbv GiKg K‡i Kg NÈvi KvR †c‡q K‡ó _vKZ ZLb Zv‡`i ¯¿x‡`iB fzM‡Z n‡Zv| KviY Zv‡Z UvKv Kg †ivRMvi n‡Zv| Av”Qv, GB cywóKi †SvjUv GKUz Lv‡e bv? gwnjv Zv‡K wRÁvmv Kij| bvt, †Zvgv‡K A‡bK ab¨ev`| GUv †L‡Z Avm‡j LyeB fv‡jv| †`L bv, Av‡iKUz cv‡iv wK bv| bv, Avwg GLb ûBw¯‹ Avi †mvWv cQ›` Kie| GUv †Zvgvi Rb¨ fv‡jv bq| GUv Avgvi Rb¨ Lvivc wVKB| †Kvì †cvU©vi GB K_v¸‡jvB wj‡L‡Qb Avi msMxZI iPbv K‡i‡Qb| GUv Avgvi Rvbv †h, Zzwg cvMj n‡q hv”Q Avgvi Rb¨| Zzwg Rvb, †Zvgv‡K GKUz cvb Ki‡Z †`Lv Avwg cQ›` Kwi| nu¨v, GUv Avgvi Rb¨ LvivcB| gwnjv P‡j †M‡j †m wPšÍv Kij, hv wKQz Avgvi `iKvi Avgv‡K Zv †c‡ZB n‡e| bv, mewKQyB bq, wKš‘ hv wKQy Av‡Q| nu¨v, †m Lye K¬všÍ n‡q c‡owQj, AZ¨šÍ K¬všÍ| †m GLb GKUz Nyg‡y e| †m hLb w¯’i n‡q ï‡jv †mLv‡b ZLb g„Z¨z wQj bv| GUv wbðqB Ab¨ †Kv‡bv iv¯Ívq P‡j †M‡Q| nq‡Zv GUv c¨vwi‡m †M‡Q evBmvB‡Kj P‡o| iv¯Ívi Ici w`‡q m¤ú~Y© wbtk‡ã P‡j †M‡Q| bv, †m KL‡bvB c¨vwim m¤^‡Ü †j‡Lwb| †h-c¨vwim Zvi Kv‡Q h‡_ó g~j¨evb wQj Zv wb‡q bq, ïay evwK¸‡jvi m¤^‡ÜI †Zv †m †Kv‡bvw`b †j‡Lwb| †mB †h †i Avi iæ‡cvwj a~mi †m‡Ri †SvcSvo, Lvj¸‡jv‡Z `ªæZ avegvb cwi®‹vi cvwb Avi AvjdvAvjdvi Nb meyR †h cvwbi MZ©¸‡jv wQj, iv¯ÍvUv †mLv‡b wUjv¸‡jvi Ici w`‡q †M‡Q| MÖx®§Kv‡j ILv‡b Miæ-evQyi PiZ, Zviv nwi‡Yi g‡ZvB m`v mPwKZ| wb‡P Sibvi R‡j †djvi R‡b¨ hLb †KD bvbviKg wRwbm †dj‡Q, ZLb evZv‡miI GKUv w¯’i Uvbv kã DV‡Q, Zv‡Z ay‡jvI Do‡Q| mܨvi Av‡jvq DcZ¨Kvi wfZi w`‡q Avmvi mgq DcZ¨KvwU‡K wK D¾¡jB bv †`Lv †hZ! GKevi †m g‡b K‡i †`Lj, †m wb‡P †b‡g Avm‡Q eo-eo e„‡¶i mvwii wfZi w`‡q †Nvovi †jR a‡i, KviY wKQyB †`Lv hvw”Qj bv| GB mg¯Í Mí wjL‡Z †P‡qwQ‡j Zzwg Zvi wKQyB †jLv nqwb| Avi IB †h dvB-digvk LvUv †QuvovUv hv‡K IB Lvgv‡ii fvi w`‡q ejv n‡qwQj, †KD †hb ILvb †_‡K GK AuvwU LoI bv wb‡q hvq| †eRb¥v ey‡ovUv †Q‡jUv‡K gviZ hLbB †m wKQy GKUv Lvevi Rb¨ KvR wKQy ¶ Y eÜ ivLZ| gviv ïiæ n‡j †Q‡jUv

101


nvZ Zz‡j †VKv‡Z †M‡jB ey‡ovUv ejZ, Zv‡K Avevi †cUv‡bv n‡e| †evKv-nuv`v †Q‡jUv GKw`b ivbœvN‡i ivB‡djUv †c‡q †Mj| ey‡ovUv hLb Zvi w`‡K AvmwQj Lvgv‡ii wfZi w`‡q, †m Zv‡K ¸wj Kij| c‡i hLb Lvgv‡i †jvKRb wd‡i G‡jv Zviv †`Lj, GK mßvn a‡i ILv‡b c‡o _vKvq †`n G‡Kev‡i R‡g †MwQj| KzKiz iv ZZw`‡b †`‡ni A‡bKUvB †L‡q †d‡jwQj| Zey †hUzKz evwK wQj †mUv †eu‡a-†Qu‡` GKUv K¤^‡ji g‡a¨ XzwK‡q `wo w`‡q †eu‡a †Q‡jUv‡K ejv nj GUv Zzj‡Z| Zvici Zv‡`i g‡a¨ `yR‡b w¯‹ Kivi iv¯Ívi Ici wb‡q G‡m kn‡ii g‡a¨ w`‡q lvU gvBj ch©šÍ wb‡q †Mj| Zvic‡i †Q‡jwU‡K wdi‡ZB n‡jv| Zvi †Kv‡bv aviYvB wQj bv †h, †m †MÖdZvi n‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| †m fvej, †m hLb Zvi KiYxq KvRUv K‡i‡Q Zvn‡j †m eis wKQzUv cyi¯‹viB cv‡e| KviY †m IB ey‡ovUv‡K e‡q wb‡q †h‡Z mvnvh¨B K‡i‡Q| mevB †hb Rvb‡Z cv‡i ey‡ovUv Kx iKg e`gvk wQj †h †Q‡jUv wKQy Avnvh© Pzwi Ki‡Z †P‡qwQj, Aek¨ Zvi wQj bv, A‡b¨i wQj| †kwid hLb Zvi nv‡Z n¨vÛKvd cwi‡q w`j †m wek¦vmB Ki‡Z cviwQj bv| †m Kuv`‡Z ïiæ Kij| GB GKUv Mí, GUv †jLvi Rb¨ n¨vwi g‡b K‡i †i‡LwQj| †m RvbZ AšÍZc‡¶ wekUv Mí †mLvb †_‡K †m wjL‡Z cv‡i Avi Zv‡`i GKUvI †m †j‡Lwb| †Kb? Zzwg Zv‡`i wRM&‡Mm K‡iv, †Kb? n¨vwi ejj| wK‡mi †Kb Wvwj©s? †Kb wKQyB bq| gwnjv †h Lye †ewk g`¨cvb Ki‡Zb, Zv bq| AšÍZ n¨vwi‡K Kv‡Q cvIqvi ci †m Avi †Zgb g`¨cvb mwZ¨B KiZ bv| wKš‘ n¨vwi hw` †eu‡P _vKZ Zvi m¤^‡Ü wKQyB †m wjLZ bv| GLb n¨vwi Rv‡b Kv‡ivi m¤^‡ÜB bv| abxiv wb‡e©va nq, eÇ †ewk g`¨cvb K‡i Ges eÇ †ewk Ryqv †L‡j| Zviv ¯’j ~ eyw× wb‡e©va Avi evievi GKB K_v e‡j| Zvi g‡b coj, †ePviv Rywjqvb †Kgb K‡i GKUv Mí wjL‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQj GBfv‡e Ôhviv Lye abx Zviv †Zvgvi Avgvi †_‡K Avjv`v|Õ Zvici †K GKRb Rywjqvb‡K ejj, nu¨v, Zv‡`i UvKv Av‡Q| G-K_v ï‡b gRv †cj bv Rywjqvb| †m fveZ Zviv we‡kl GKUv RuvKRgK Ges Avo¤^ic~Y© RvwZ! hLb †m GUv eyS‡Z cvij †h, Zviv Zv bq ZLb GUv Zv‡K cÖvq weaŸ¯Í K‡i w`j| †hgb Av‡M †h-†Kv‡bv wRwbm Zv‡K aŸsmB K‡i w`‡q‡Q| hviv aŸsm n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i cÖwZ Zvi N„YvB wQj| n¨vwi †h‡nZz GUv eySZ, †mRb¨ †m GUv cQ›`I KiZ bv| †h-†Kv‡bv wRwbm †m †SuwU‡q we`vq Ki‡Z cviZ| KviY †KD KvD‡K †Kv‡bvfv‡eB AvNvZ Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv, hw` †m †Zvqv°vB bv K‡i| wVK Av‡Q, GLb †m g„Z¨z ‡K †Zvqv°v Ki‡e bv| GKUv wRwbm‡KB †m fq †c‡q G‡m‡Q, †m n‡jv Zxeª hš¿Yv| hš¿Yv †m mn¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i Ab¨ †h-†Kv‡bv †jv‡Ki g‡Zv, hw` bv GUv Avi †ewk¶Y a‡i P‡j, Zv‡K G‡Kev‡i cwikÖvšÍ K‡i †Zv‡j| wKš‘ GLv‡b wKQy GKUv i‡q‡Q, hv Zv‡K fxwZRbKfv‡e AvNvZ Ki‡Q Avi wVK ZLbB hLb †m GUv †eva Ki‡Z cvij †h, GUv Zv‡K weaŸ¯Í K‡i †d‡j‡Q ZLbB hš¿YvUv _vgj| Zvi g‡b coj, A‡bK Av‡M hLb DBwjqvgmb †evgv †djvi `vwq‡Z¡ wbhy³ wQ‡jb ZLb GKw`b wb‡RB †evgv‡Z AvnZ n‡jb| †evgvUv Rvg©vb cvnviv`viiv Zvi w`‡K Qz‡owQj hLb wZwb †mB iv‡Z wd‡i AvmwQ‡jb Zvi¸‡jvi wfZi w`‡q| wZwb ZLb wPrKvi K‡i cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Kv‡Q Aby‡iva KiwQ‡jb Zv‡K nZ¨v Kivi Rb¨| wZwb wQ‡jb GKRb †gvUv‡mvUv LyeB mvnmx fv‡jv Awdmvi| Z‡e wKQy A™¢Z z ai‡bi e¨vcv‡i wZwb Lye Avm³ _vK‡Zb| †m-iv‡Î

102

wZwb hLb Zv‡i AvUKv c‡owQ‡jb ZLb GKUv Zxeª Av‡jv Zv‡K k~‡b¨ Zz‡j w`‡qwQj Avi Zvi mg¯Í bvwofzwu o †ewi‡q IB ZviKuvUvq SzjwQj| Iiv RxešÍB wb‡q G‡jv, Z‡e Zv‡K wb‡q Avmvi R‡b¨ ZviKuvUv¸‡jv †K‡U Zv‡K †ei Kiv n‡qwQj| n¨vwi Avgv‡K ¸wj Ki, whïi Kmg| Avgv‡K ¸wj Ki| ZLb Zv‡`i g‡a¨ ZK©vZwK© n‡qwQj Avgv‡`i wLªó m¤^‡Ü| jW© e‡j‡Qb, †Kv‡bv wKQyB †Zvgv‡`i Kv‡Q cvVv‡bv nq bv, hv †Zvgiv mn¨ Ki‡Z cvi bv| GKR‡bi ZË¡ wQj, †h †Kv‡bv GKUv mg‡q hš¿YvUv Avcbv-AvcwbB P‡j hvq| wKš‘ †m memgqB DBwjqvgmb‡K g‡b KiZ, †mB iv‡Zi DBwjqvgmb| wKQy‡ZB DBwjqvgm‡bi GKUzI Dckg nqwb| n¨vwi Zvi me giwdb U¨ve‡jU Zv‡K w`‡q w`‡qwQj, hv †m wb‡R e¨envi Ki‡e e‡j †i‡L w`‡qwQj| wKš‘ ZviciI †m¸‡jv wVKg‡Zv KvR K‡iwb| GUv hw` †hgb i‡q‡Q †ZgwbB _vKZ, Zvi †P‡q Lvivc bv n‡Zv, Zvn‡j GUv wb‡q Zvi `ywðšÍvB _vKZ bv| †m nqZ Av‡iv fv‡jv m½x‡`i m‡½ mgq KvUv‡Z cviZ| Kx ai‡bi m½ †m cQ›` KiZ Zv wb‡q †m GKevi fvej| bvt, †m fvej, hLb hv wKQy Ki, Zzwg j¤^v mgq a‡i Ki Avi †`wi K‡i †dj| ZLb wKš‘ Zzwg †Zvgvi Pvicv‡k gvbylRb _vK‡e GUv Avkv Ki‡Z cvi bv| mg¯Í †jvK P‡j †M‡Q, cvwU© †kl| Zzwg GLb †Zvgvi †`Lfv‡ji KÎx©i m‡½ i‡qQ| It, Avwg wei³ n‡Z-n‡Z gviv hvw”Q| †m fvej, giYmn mewKQz wb‡q Avwg GLb AZ¨šÍ wei³ †eva KiwQ| fxlY K¬vwšÍKi? †PuwP‡q ejj †m| Kx ejQ Wvwj©s? hv wKQy Kiv nq eÇ j¤^v mgq a‡i Ki| GB e‡j †m gwnjvi gy‡Li w`‡K ZvKvj| Zvi Avi Av¸bKzwÐi Av‡jvi gvSLv‡b ZLb gwnjvwU e‡m| wZwb GKUv K¨vw¤^‡mi †Pqv‡i †njvb w`‡q e‡m‡Qb| Zvi my›`i cÖdj z ø gy‡Li Ic‡i Av‡jv c‡o‡Q| Zvi g‡b n‡jv, gwnjvi †evanq Nyg cv‡”Q, ïb‡Z †cj, nv‡qbvUv Avevi wPrKvi Ki‡Q| Av¸bUvi e„‡Ëi wVK evB‡i| Avwg wjLwQjvg, n¨vwi ejj| wKš‘ K¬všÍ n‡q c‡owQ| Zzwg wK g‡b Ki GLb Zzwg Ny‡gv‡Z cvi‡e? wbðq cvie| Zzwg wfZ‡i hvI bv †Kb? Avwg GLv‡b †Zvgvi cv‡kB e‡m _vK‡Z PvB| Av”Qv, †Zvgvi wK wKQy A™¢Z z jvM‡Q? n¨vwi gwnjv‡K wRM&‡Mm Kij| bv †Zv, GKUz Nyg cv‡”Q| Avwg wKš‘ A™¢Z z wKQy Abyfe KiwQ| †m Av‡iKevi g„Z¨z i Avmv Abyfe Kij| †m ejj gwnjv‡K, Rvb, †h wRwbmwU Avgvi KL‡bv bó nqwb †mUv n‡jv Avgvi †KŠZ‚nj| †Zvgvi †Kv‡bv wKQyB bó nqwb| Zzwg n‡”Qv AvR ch©šÍ Avgvi †`Lv m¤ú~Y© gvbyl| nvq whï, KZ Kg Rv‡b gwnjviv! Kxfv‡e ejwQ? GUv wK †Zvgvi †ev‡ai e¨vcvi? KviY wVK ZLbB g„Z¨z G‡m‡Q| †m Zvi gv_vUv Lv‡Ui cv‡qi w`‡K †Vm w`‡q‡Q| g„Z¨z i MÜ cvw”Qj n¨vwi| †m ejj, Zzwg KL‡bv IB mg¯Í Kv‡¯Í, gv_vi Lywj GBme wek¦vm Ki‡e bv| `yRb evBmvB‡K‡j Pov cywjk n‡Z cv‡i GUv wKsev GKUv cvwL A_ev GKUv nv‡qbvi PIov gyL| GUv GLb Zvi Ic‡i †P‡c e‡m‡Q| wKš‘ Zvi GLb Avi †Kv‡bv AvKvi †bB, AvK…wZ †bB| GUv ïay


RvqMv `Lj K‡i Av‡Q| G‡K ej P‡j †h‡Z| †m P‡j †Mj bv| eis Av‡iKUz Kv‡Q G‡jv| Bm&, wK wekÖx `yMÜ © †Zvgvi wbtk¦v‡m, †m Zv‡K ejj, †bvsiv †eRb¥v †Kv_vKvi| Zey †m Av‡iv Kv‡Q P‡j G‡jv| GLb n¨vwi Avi †Kv‡bv K_v ej‡Z cvi‡Q bv| g„Z¨z hLb †`Lj, †m Avi K_v ej‡Z cvi‡Q bv ZLb †m Av‡iv Kv‡Q G‡jv| n¨vwi GLb †Póv Kij †Kv‡bv K_v bv e‡j Zv‡K miv‡Z| wKš‘ †m Zvi w`‡KB Av‡iv m‡i G‡jv, Ii fviUv n¨vwii Ici †P‡c emj| †m ¸wo †g‡i AvmwQj, n¨vwi K_v ej‡Z cviwQj bv, DV‡ZI cviwQj bv, ZLb †m gwnjvwU‡K ej‡Z ïbj, mv‡ne GLb Nywg‡q c‡o‡Q| LvwUqvUv Av‡¯Í K‡i Zz‡j K¨v‡¤úi g‡a¨ wb‡q G‡mv| †m †n‡jb‡K ej‡Z cvij bv g„Z¨z ‡K m‡i †h‡Z ej‡Z| †mUv GLb Av‡iv ¸wo †g‡i GwM‡q G‡m‡Q, Av‡iv fvix| †m wbtk¦vm wb‡Z cvi‡Q bv| Zvici Iiv LvwUqvUv Zzjj, nVvr K‡i me h_vh_ n‡q †Mj, Avi Zvi ey‡Ki Ici †_‡K fviUv †b‡g †Mj| GLb mKvj| mKvj †ek wKQy¶Y Av‡M n‡q‡Q Ges GL‡bv mKvjB i‡q‡Q| †m D‡ovRvnvRUv‡K †`L‡Z †cj| Lye †QvÆ †`Lvw”Qj| Zvici †mUv eo-eo P°i w`‡Z ïiæ Kij Avi PvKi-evKi¸‡jv Qy‡U evB‡i P‡j †Mj, †K‡ivwmb w`‡q Av¸b R¡vjvj, ïK‡bv Nvm R‡ov Kij, Zvici `y‡Uv †ek eomo RvqMv wVK Kij D‡ovRvnvR bvgvi Rb¨| †fvi‡ejvi evZvm Av¸‡bi QvBf¯§‡K K¨v‡¤úi w`‡K mwi‡q AvbwQj| D‡ovRvnvRUv Av‡iv `y-evi P°i w`j| GLb A‡bK wb‡P †b‡g G‡m‡Q| Zvici gm„Yfv‡e f‚wg‡Z bvgj, Avi c~ec © wiwPZ K¤úUb mv‡ne møv­Km GKUv UzBW R¨v‡KU Avi GKUv ev`vwg †dë n¨vU gv_vq w`‡q Zvi w`‡K GwM‡q G‡jv| K¤úUb wR‡Ám Kij, Kx Lei †n? cv‡qi Ae¯’v Lye Lvivc| Zzwg wK mKvj‡ejvi bv¯Ív Lv‡e? ab¨ev`, Avwg GKUz Pv Lve| Zzwg Rvb †h GUv †QvÆ cyk g_| Avwg †Zv †ggmv‡ne‡K GUv‡Z wb‡q †h‡Z cvie bv| gvÎ GKR‡bi RvqMv Av‡Q| †Zvgvi jwi Avm‡Q, c‡_ i‡q‡Q| †n‡jb K¤úUb‡K GKcv‡k wb‡q wM‡q Zvi m‡½ K_v ejj| K¤úUb Avevi wd‡i G‡jv, Av‡Mi †_‡K †m cÖdj z |ø Avgiv G¶zwb †Zvgv‡K †cø‡­b Zzje| Zvici Avevi Avwg †ggmv‡ne‡K †bIqvi Rb¨ Avme| GLb Avgvi g‡b n‡”Q Aviæmv‡Z nq‡Zv R¡vjvwb †bIqvi Rb¨ GKevi _vg‡Z n‡e| g‡b nq GLywb Avgv‡`i hvIqv DwPZ| Kx n‡jv, Pv Lv‡e bv? bv, bv, GLbB Avwg Pv LvIqvi K_v fvewQ bv| PvKi-evKiiv LvwUqvUv‡K Zz‡j meyR K¨v¤ú¸‡jv Ny‡i cv_‡ii wb‡P wM‡q †cøb­ ch©šÍ mgZj RvqMvUv †cwi‡q †Mj| GB RvqMvUv GLbI †iv‡` cyo‡Q| Nvm meB cy‡o †M‡Q Avi Av¸‡b †Rvi evZvm w`‡”Q| Zv‡K †fZ‡i †Zvjv Lye gykwKj nw”Qj| Z‡e GKevi hLb †m GKUv Pvgovi wm‡Ui Ic‡i wPr n‡q ï‡q co‡Z cvij Ñ Avi Zvi cv-Uv †mvRv n‡q iBj wm‡Ui cvk w`‡q ZLb Zvi Avi †Kv‡bv Amyweav nw”Qj bv| K¤úUb emj ILv‡bB| †cø‡bi BwÄb Pvjy Kij| †n‡j‡bi w`‡K †m nvZ bvoj, PvKi-evKi hviv wQj Zv‡`i w`‡KI| †c­‡bi BwÄb †hfv‡e Mig n‡q kã K‡i †miKg kã DVj| Zvic‡i †mUv gvwU‡Z †h mg¯Í †QvULvU MZ© wQj Zvi Ici w`‡q Mov‡Z jvMj, `y-wZbevi jvdvj, Zvic‡i †hLv‡b Av¸b R¡jwQj Zvi cv‡k j¤^v †Lvjv RvqMvUvq Avi GKevi jvwd‡q DVj, Zvic‡iB AvKv‡k Doj| †m †`L‡Z †cj Iiv wb‡P nvZ bvo‡Q, wUjvi cv‡kB K¨v¤úUv GLb Av‡¯Í

Av‡¯Í P¨vÞv n‡q hv‡”Q Avi mgZj RvqMvUv Kx iKg Qwo‡q co‡Q| MvQcvjvi R½j, mgZj †`Lvb †SvcSvo, RxeRš‘ hvevi iv¯Ív¸‡jv GLb Ggb ïK‡bv †h †QvULvU cyKiz ¸‡jv wQj Zviv Zvi Ici w`‡q mgv‡b †`Šo–‡”Q| Zvici cvwb †`Lv †Mj, †h cvwb †m Av‡M †`‡Lwb| K¤úUb †Reªv †`L‡Z †cj| GLb †Reªv¸‡jv‡K †cQb †_‡K †ek my›`i †MvjvK…wZi †`Lv‡”Q| UzBW †KvU Avi †dë n¨vU gv_vq Kw¤ú‡K †`Lv †Mj| eo-eo nwiY‡K †`Lv †Mj j¤^v-j¤^v AvOzj wb‡q mgZj f‚wg‡Z P‡i †eov‡”Q| wUjv¸‡jvi Ici w`‡q hv‡”Q, Zv‡`i wb‡P †`Šo–‡”Q IqvBìviwe÷¸‡jv| Gevi Zviv hv‡”Q cvnvo¸‡jvi Ici w`‡q Ñ nVvr wb‡P meyR Ai‡Y¨i MfxiZv bR‡i coj Avi Zvi Xvj †e‡q Nb wbweo euvkeb, Zvici Avevi Mfxi AiY¨, Avi gv‡S gv‡S e‡bi g‡a¨ gv_v DuPz K‡i ivLv ce©Zkxl© Ñ GBiKg Pjj hZ¶Y bv Zviv wbPz wUjv¸‡jvi Xvj a‡i Avevi GKUv mgZj RvqMvq †cuŠQzj| RvqMvUv Mig, jvj‡P a~mi is fxlY Mig Ñ Gevi Kw¤ú GKevi Nvo wdwi‡q wcQb w`‡K †P‡q †`Lj †Kgb K‡i †m †cøbUv‡K Pvwj‡q G‡b‡Q| Av‡iv wKQz DuPz ce©Z Aek¨ mvg‡b Av‡Q| Zvici Aviækv hvIqvi e`‡j Zviv euv‡q †gvo wbj| †m wn‡me K‡i †`Lj h‡_ó M¨vm GL‡bv Av‡Q| wb‡Pi w`‡K ZvwK‡q †`Lv †Mj jvj‡P GKUv †gN †f‡m †eov‡”Q Avi †g‡Ni wfZi w`‡q GKUv So-So †Kv_v †_‡K G‡jv †m eyS‡Z cvij bv| gimy‡gi ZzlviS‡oi g‡ZvB g‡b n‡jv| SoUv `w¶Y-`w¶Y w`K †_‡KB G‡jv| Zvici Zviv Avevi Ic‡i DV‡Z ïiæ Kij| Zviv cye w`‡KB hv‡”Q e‡j g‡b n‡jv| Zvici m‡Ü n‡jv, Auvavi bvgj Avi Zviv GKUv S‡oi g‡a¨ coj| GZ Nb e„wó †h, g‡b nj, RjcÖcv‡Zi †fZi w`‡q hv‡”Q| †mLvb †_‡K †ewi‡q Kw¤ú gv_vUv GKUz wdwi‡q †`Lj Avi nvmj| Avi AvOzj Zz‡j †`Lvj mvg‡b Kx i‡q‡Q| c„w_exi g‡Zv weivU wekvj DuPz Awek¦vm¨ iK‡gi mv`v wKwjgvb&Rv‡iv ce©Z| ZLb n¨vwi Rvbj †m †Kv_vq P‡j‡Q| wVK ZLbB nv‡qbvUv wekÖx AvIqvR Kiv _vgvj Avi GKUv A™¢Z z , cÖvq gvby‡li g‡Zv †Ku‡` IVvi kã Kij| †mUv ïb‡Z †c‡q †n‡jb A¯^w¯Íi m‡½ weQvbvq b‡oP‡o DV‡jb| wZwb Nyg †_‡K Rv‡Mbwb, ¯^‡cœ wZwb †`L‡Qb : wZwb js AvBj¨v‡Û Zvi evwo‡Z Av‡Qb Avi GUv n‡”Q Zvi †g‡qi †ckvMZ Rxeb ïiæ Kivi cÖ_g ivwÎ| †hfv‡eB †nvK Zvi evev †mLv‡b wQ‡jb| wZwb ZLb eÇ iƒp n‡qwQ‡jb| nv‡qbvi AvIqvRUv GZB †Rv‡i wZwb ïb‡jb †h, †R‡M †M‡jb Ges GKUv gyn‡~ Z©i Rb¨ eyS‡Z cvi‡jb bv †Kv_vq wZwb i‡q‡Qb| fxlY fq †c‡jb wZwb| Zvici UP©jvBUUv wb‡jb Avi LvwUqvi Ici †d‡j †`L‡jb Zviv n¨vwi‡K wfZ‡i wb‡q G‡m‡Q| †m Ny‡gv‡”Q| gkvwii wfZi w`‡q Zvi kixi †`Lv hvw”Qj wKš‘ Zvi GKUv cv evB‡i †ewi‡q G‡m LvwUqvi cv‡k SzjwQj| Nv‡qi Ici †h e¨v‡ÛR wQj †mUv Ly‡j wb‡P G‡m c‡o‡Q| Ii †mB fqvbK ¶‡Zi w`‡K gwnjv ZvKv‡Z cvi‡jb bv| g‡jv, wPrKvi K‡i DV‡jb wZwb| g‡jv... g‡jv... Zvici wZwb WvK‡jb, n¨vwi... n¨vwi...| Zvici Zvi KÉ Av‡iv Ic‡i DVj, I... I... n¨vwi...| †Kv‡bv DËi G‡jv bv| wZwb Zvi wbtk¦vm †bIqvi AvIqvR ïb‡Z †c‡jb bv| K¨v‡¤úi evB‡i nv‡qbvUv Avevi IB A™¢Z z AvIqvRUv K‡i DVj| GB AvIqvRUvB Zv‡K RvwM‡q w`‡qwQj| wKš‘ Zvi wb‡Ri ürwcÐ Ggb ae&-ae& AvIqvR KiwQj †h, n¨vwii wbtk¦v‡mi kã wZwb ïb‡Z cvbwb| r

103


cÖ¯ÍiKwVb jv`vL

Av

gvwU©b †K¤ú‡kb Abyev` : RqK…ò Kqvj

wg hw` Avgvi B”QvgZ Pj‡Z cviZvg, Zvn‡j nq †Kv‡bv ce©‡Z, bv-nq †Kv‡bv mvM‡ii Kv‡Q †Wiv euvaZvg| Zvi e`‡j Avwg Kx KiwQ? MZ wZb `kK c‡o AvwQ cwðge‡½i kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b, †`‡ki mg¯Í mgZj RvqMvi g‡a¨ me‡P‡q mgZj GK f‚wgL‡Ð| wd-eQi ZvB AšÍZ K‡qKUv mßvn cvnv‡o KvUv‡bvi Rb¨ gbUv DmLym K‡i| `y`kK Av‡M †jLv‡jwL we¯Ív‡ii Kv‡R GgbB Rwo‡q wQjvg, A_©‰bwZKfv‡e `yw`K mvg‡j, †mB Wv‡K mvov w`‡q DV‡Z cvwiwb| Z‡e †ek K‡qK eQi nj, eQ‡i GKevi wKQyw`‡bi Rb¨ gy³g‡b †ewi‡q cwo `~‡i †Kv_vI Ñ †m-`~i Ggb my`i~ †h, wPwVcÎ, B-†gBj ev †Uwj‡dvb, wK”QywU †mLv‡b Avgvi bvMvj cvq bv| KeQi Av‡Mi GK AvM‡÷ wM‡qwQjvg jv`v‡L, fvi‡Zi †kl DËi mxgvq| wf‡o wM‡qwQjvg `yB DVwZ eqmx †g‡qmn GK Rvg©vb `¤úwZ Avi Zuv‡`i eÜzi `‡j| Avgv‡`i D‡`¨v‡Mi cwiKíbv Avi e¨e¯’vcbv Zuv‡`iB| bqvw`wjøi AšÍ‡`©kxq wegvbe›`‡i Avgiv

104

gy‡LvgywL njvg ixwZgZ KvK‡fv‡i, mv‡o PviUvi mgq| jv`v‡Li ivRavbx †j‡Z (Leh) †cuŠQv‡Z wVK GK NÈvi Dovb, Nb †g‡Ni †fZi w`‡q, wSwjK w`‡”Q ïay KUv ZzlvigwÐZ ce©Zk„½| Avgv‡`i AeZiY wQj †ek bvUKxq| †ji Pviw`‡K †h‡nZz ce©Zgvjv, wegv‡bi c_ LyR u ‡Z n‡e Kvq`v K‡i `y‡Uv Xv‡ji duvK w`‡q, Zvici bvg‡Z n‡e `ªæZ Ges gvwU Qy‡u Z n‡e h‡_ó †Rviv‡jv MwZ‡Z| w`wjøi †bvbv, RgvUeuvav evZvm †_‡K GKNÈvi g‡a¨ ¸jwZi gZ Avgv‡`i Qy‡o †djv nj mv‡o wZb nvRvi wgUvi D”PZvi nvjKv ïK‡bv AvenvIqvq| hv mywbwðZ wQjvg, ZvB nj| K‡qK NÈv c‡iB ïiæ nj Avgvi gv_vi hš¿Yv, gv_v †Nviv| wZbw`b Avgiv †j‡ZB KvUvjvg, cÖwZw`b wZb †_‡K Pvi wjUvi Rj †L‡q, Aíwe¯Íi nuvUvnuvwU K‡i Avi hZUv m¤¢e Nywg‡q Ae¯’vi m‡½ Lvc LvIqv‡Z †Póv Kijvg| †`LvgvÎ †j‡K fvj †j‡M †Mj| mwZ¨B, †QvÆ kni, evwm›`vi msL¨v c‡b‡iv nvRvi| `„wób›`b mv‡ewK miæ iv¯Ív, MvQcvjv Avi


†SvcSv‡oi Avov‡j †QvU-†QvU †nv‡Uj, m‡½ ¯§viK `ª‡e¨i †`vKvb, evB‡ii w`‡K †i‡¯Íviuv, Pviw`‡K me©Î DuwK w`‡”Q mvBevi Kv‡d| †j n‡”Q Avivg-wejv‡mi RvqMv| me©ÎB ch©U‡bi AvenvIqv Ñ BD‡ivcxq, Av‡gwiKvb Avi Bmiv‡qwj ch©UKiv iv¯Ívq nuvUvnuvwU Ki‡Qb `yjwK Pv‡j, wKsev Mv Gwj‡q wekÖvg w`‡”Qb †i‡¯Íviuvq e‡m| Guiv n‡”Qb Kg Li‡Pi ågYv_x©| †hŠe‡bv”Qj Ges †`‡L g‡b nq ¯’vbxq †jvKR‡bi g‡bvfve Avi Zuv‡`i ms¯‹w… Z m¤ú‡K© h‡_ó †evaeyw×m¤úbœ| †hme ch©UK g‡b K‡ib †h, ïay UvKv Dwo‡q Avi K¨v‡giv wU‡c †Kv‡bv gvbyl ev Zv‡`i †`‡ki mewKQy ey‡S †M‡Qb, †mme abMex©, K¨v‡giv wP°zi, D×Z Avi ûogy‡o ch©UK‡`i Avwg GLv‡b †`L‡Z cvBwb| G ai‡bi gvbylRb wb‡RivB kni ÔK‡iÕ †d‡j, wb‡R‡`i e`jv‡bvi Rb¨ ev g‡b Pvc †djvi Rb¨ Giv kni‡K wKQy ÔKi‡ZÕ †`q bv| jv`vL n‡”Q fviZxq Dcgnv‡`‡ki †mB Ask, †hLv‡b †eŠ× ms¯‹w… Z GL‡bv mgfv‡e AUzU| RbmsL¨vi e„nËi Ask wZeŸZxq †eŠ×| cÖvPxb wenvi¸‡jv h‡_ó wec¾bK Ae¯’vq `uvwo‡q Av‡Q ce©Z wkL‡i, cÖvq AvÿwiK A‡_©B †m¸‡jv †hb Lvov cvnv‡oi P‚ovq AvVv w`‡q muvUv| Avwg †hLv‡b eo n‡qwQ, Rvg©vwbi †mB wgW&j ivB‡bI (middle Rhine) b`xi `ycvo a‡i `y‡M©i mvwi| RvqMvUvi bvgWvK ga¨hyMxq GB `yM¸© ‡jvi Rb¨B, myôf z v‡e cybiæ×vi K‡i G¸‡jv GLb †i‡¯Íviuv ev cÖ`k©bxkvjv wn‡m‡e e¨envi n‡”Q| GB `yM¸© ‡jvi Rb¨B †Kve‡jÄ (Koblenz) Avi †gB‡Äi (Mainz) ga¨eZx© ivB‡bi G-AÂjUv‡K mvaviYfv‡e Ô†ivgvw›UK ivBbÕ e‡j D‡jøL Kiv nq| jv`v‡Li †eŠ×wenvi¸‡jv †`Lvi mgq Avgvi AveQv g‡b AvmwQj ivBb DcZ¨Kvi K_v| Pvicv‡ki gvwU Avi gvby‡li Ici ga¨hyMxq Avwac‡Z¨i cÖZxK †mB `yM¸© ‡jv, hvZvqvZKvix cÖwZwU Rvnv‡Ri Kv‡Q Avg`vwb ïé `vwei cÖZxK| m‡e©v”P ¯’v‡b wbwg©Z †j-i †eŠ×wenvi¸‡jvi D‡Ïk¨ Zvn‡j Kx wQj? cÖk¯Í DcZ¨Kvf‚wg‡Z wK †m¸‡jv Av‡iv mn‡R M‡o †Zvjv †hZ bv? nVvr †Lqvj nj †h, jv`v‡Li cy‡ivwnZZvwš¿K mgv‡R GhverKvj mbœ¨vmxivB cÖkvmK Ges cÖkvm‡Ki `iKvi nq mgxÿv Avi wbqš¿Y| GB wenvi¸‡jv wQj Zuv‡`i Rei`¯Í bRiNuvwU| ZvQvov wenvi¸‡jv h‡_ó ab‡`Šj‡Zi fvÐvi n‡q D‡VwQj, jy‡Uiv Avi NvZK‡`i nvZ †_‡K †m¸‡jv iÿv Ki‡ZI nZ| †j-†Z Avgiv cÖ_‡gB †`Ljvg ivRevwoi (King’s Palace) gw›`i, `ivR `„wó‡Z Zv ZvwK‡q Av‡Q kniwUi w`‡K| ZLb ch©šÍ Avwg gvwb‡q DV‡Z cvwiwb cve©Z¨ D”PZvi m‡½, d‡j AmsL¨evi †_‡g _g‡K hvw”Q Avi nuvdvw”Q| nZvkvq gyl‡o cowQ : hw` GB we`Ny‡U cyPu ‡K cvnvoUvq DV‡Z bv cvwi, RxešÍ Ae¯’vq mvg‡bi KwVb PovB cvi n‡Z cvie †Zv? ciw`b GKUv wRc Avgv‡`i wb‡q †Mj weL¨vZ †nwgm (Hemis) wenv‡i, †j-i cyew`‡K `yNÈvi iv¯Ív| Zvici me ev·-cu¨vUiv `y‡Uv Mvwo‡Z Zz‡j Avgiv cvwo w`jvg cwðgw`‡K AvjwP‡Z (Alchi)| †nwgm Avi AvjwP‡Z hvIqvi iv¯Ív wmÜz (Indus) b‡`i Mv eivei, GLv‡bi wbmM©c‡U wmÜzi GKvwacZ¨| b`x GLv‡b ZZUv PIov ev kw³kvjx bq| ï‡bwQ Zv n‡q‡Q cvwK¯Ív‡b †XvKvi c‡i| Z‡e wmÜzi jv‡Mvqv me©ÎB mey‡Ri †QvcQvc †`Lv †Mj : M‡gi †ÿZ, Mv‡Qi mvwi, kvKmewR, Z…Yf‚wg| DcZ¨Kvi Aewkó RvqMv a~mi cv_y‡i, cvnvwo Avi iæÿ| Rxeb`vwqbx, Rxecvwjbx R‡ji gwngvi Pvÿzl cÖgvY †`L‡Z cvw”Qjvg Avgiv| c‡i jv`v‡Li Pvicv‡k hLb w`bc‡b‡iv a‡i P°i †`e ZLb GB eܨv cÖ¯iÍ f‚wg Avgv‡`i m½x n‡e| wngvPj cÖ‡`k Avi †bcv‡ji RxešÍ cvnv‡o Avwg Af¨¯Í, Zv m‡Ë¡I LvwbKUv mgq †Mj GLv‡bi cvnvo¸‡jvi m‡½ gvwb‡q wb‡Z| Avgvi eÜz‡`i cÖwZwµqvI wKQyUv nZvkve¨ÄK| mwZ¨ ej‡Z Kx, jv`v‡Li ce©Zgvjv Ômy›`iÕ bq| Z‡e

mßvnvwaK Kvj hLb cv‡q-cv‡q †m¸‡jvq Ny‡iwQ, hLb Zv‡`i Xv‡j A¯ÍwgZ m~hi© wk¥i w`‡K wbgMœ ZvwK‡q mܨv¸‡jv cvi K‡iwQ, hLb wc‡Vi wb‡P Ge‡ov‡Le‡ov cv_y‡i †LuvPv †L‡q Zuveyi g‡a¨ Nywg‡qwQ Ges Zvici wb`-_wjKvi (sleeping bag) †fZi †_‡K †ewi‡qB †mvRvmywR ¯^Mx©q m„wói wekvj i½g‡Â cv †i‡LwQ, ZLb wbm‡M©i Avw`g mvi‡j¨ Avwg Zwj‡q †MwQ| cÖwZw`bB Avwe®‹vi K‡iwQ RbemwZi wbkvb wKQy bZzb-bZzb k¨vgj‡iLv Ges R‡ji Dcw¯’wZ, †hb Avwg †`L‡Z cvw”Q †mB Ôme †c‡qwQi †`kÕ (promised land)| Av‡iv †ewk-†ewk wenŸj n‡qwQ bMœ cvnv‡oi `uvZv‡jv LuvR Avi eb¨ euvK †`‡L, eûewY©j cv_‡ii RgvU Av¯Íi‡Y, g‡b n‡q‡Q †hb MwZ ¯Íixf‚Z n‡q Av‡Q mg‡qi Pv‡c| Avgv‡`i GK mnhvÎx hv ej‡jb †mUvB mwZ¨ K_v, ce©‡Zi †h mygnvb e¨vwß, `yeQi Av‡M wZeŸZ md‡i wM‡q Avgiv hv Dcjwä K‡iwQ, jv`v‡Li wbm‡M© Zvi Afve Av‡Q| ZvB e‡j Avi hvB †nvK, jv`vL ÔwbQK cv_‡ii ¯Íc ‚ Õ bq, †Kv‡bv GK Pig gyn‡~ Z© Avgv‡`i GK mnhvÎx gwiqv n‡q †h-K_v e‡j we¯§q cÖKvk K‡iwQ‡jb| Avgvi †mB eqtmwÜi mgq †_‡K mvay-mbœ¨vmx‡`i AvkÖg-AvLov †`L‡Z Avwg fvjevwm| QvÎRxe‡b †_‡KwQ GKvwaK wLªóvb m¤úÖ`v‡qi AvkÖ‡g| 1973 mv‡j G‡`‡k G‡m b‡i›`ªc‡y i ivgK…ò ms‡Ni mbœ¨vmx‡`i m‡½ KvwU‡qwQ, gv`ªv‡R (†PbœvB) KvwU‡qwQ †hmyBU dv`vi‡`i m‡½| gv`ªv‡R hLb Gg.G c‡owQ, ZLb mviv `wÿY fvi‡Zi K‡qKwU wn›`y I wLªóvb g‡V AvkÖg-Rxe‡bi ¯^v` wb‡qwQ| mbœ¨vmxiv Kxfv‡e _v‡Kb, Ges †Kb Zuviv †mfv‡e _v‡Kb Av‡Rv Zv Rvbvi cÖej AvMÖn Avgvi| jv`v‡LI hLb †MvUv`‡kK wZeŸZxq †eŠ×wenv‡i wM‡qwQ, †mLv‡bI Zuv‡`i gw›`‡i Xz‡KwQ ey× Ges Zuvi wewfbœ AeZv‡ii cÖwZK…wZ †`L‡Z| †`‡LwQ A‡bK cÖmbœ Avi fqsKi †`eg~wZ©| wZeŸZxq †eŠ×ag© m¤ú‡K© we‡klÁ Avgvi mnhvÎx‡`i e¨vL¨v gZvgZ ï‡bwQ| Z‡e Avgvi Kv‡Q gyL¨ AvKl©Y jvgv‡`i cÖv_©bv Avi Zuv‡`i agx©q AvPvi-Abyôvb| Zuv‡`i †¯ÍvθÄb, KL‡bv ev ¯^‡ii bv`M¤¢xi aŸwb †hb Avgvi g‡a¨ Ae‡PZ‡bi †Kv‡bv cÖwZ”Qwe Zz‡j aivi Abyfw‚ Z D‡`ªK K‡i| †m¸‡jv Lye †ewk †kvbvi AeKvk Avgvi †Rv‡Uwb| cÖYg¨ eq¯‹ jvgv‡`i †`L‡Z Zuv‡`i Pvicv‡ki fuvRfvOv Ge‡ov‡Le‡ov ce©Z¸‡jvi gZB| Zuv‡`i bovPov, Avgv‡`i m‡½ Zuv‡`i Pjv‡div Ges e¨envi ivRKxq Avi kvšÍ gh©v`vgwÐZ, g‡b nq †hb cvnv‡oi Xvj †e‡q PzB‡q bvg‡Q| cÖvK…wZK cwi‡e‡ki Ggb cy‡ivcywi Abyiƒc gvbyl Avwg Lye Kg †`‡LwQ| Z‡e Kgeqmx jvgvivI Av‡Q, Zv‡`i †KD-†KD G‡Kev‡iB ev”Pv, jvgv‡`i Avme-jvj †cvkv‡K mw¾Z| Afv‡ei Rb¨ wKQyUv eva¨ n‡q cwiev‡ii gvbylRb Zv‡`i‡K AvkÖ‡g mu‡c w`‡q‡Q| GLv‡b Zviv †jLvcov wkL‡Z cvi‡e, wbivc‡` _vK‡Z cvi‡e| c‡i Zviv cwiev‡i wdi‡Z cv‡i ev PvB‡j we‡q-_vi AbygwZI †c‡Z cv‡i| †Q‡j¸‡jv PÂj, A‰ah©| cÖv_©bvi Aven d`©vdvB K‡i Mí Ki‡Q, †_‡K-†_‡K û‡UvcywU K‡i Gw`K-Iw`K †QvUvQywU Ki‡Q| hviv A‡cÿvK…Z e‡ov, ZvivI g‡b nj †¯ÍvÎcv‡Vi K¬vwšÍKi Kg©mw~ P‡Z †bwZ‡q c‡o‡Q| Avgvi Avk¼v, AšÍïw© ×i Dcvq wn‡m‡e e¨vcviUv Zv‡`i A‡b‡Ki Avi fvj jv‡M bv| ZvB †kl‡gk hv nj, Avgvi me‡P‡q †ewk fvj jvMj gw›`i cÖ‡Kvô¸‡jv, we‡kl K‡i hLb †m¸‡jv cy‡ivcywi Avgvi gZ K‡i †cjvg, Zv‡`i cÖ‡`vlKvjxb Dcw¯’wZ w`‡q wb‡R‡K fwi‡q wb‡Z cvijvg| wewfbœ weMÖn Avi cÖZx‡Ki g‡a¨ inm¨‡jv‡Ki KZ w`Kw`MšÍ| cZvKv Avi U¼v, SuvSv‡jv MÜgq wN‡qi Av‡jvq fv¯^i n‡q Av‡Q Qv` Qy‡u q Sz‡j _vKv mv`v kvj Avi MvwjPv... me wgwj‡q †m Ggb GK Aven †h, Dcjwä Ki‡Z eva¨ njvg †hb Avwg †Kvb AZ‡j awiÎxi Dò Rivqy‡Z AvwQ| gw›`i cÖ‡Kvô¸‡jvq mvaviYZ GKUv-`y‡Uv †QvU Rvbvjv,

105


evB‡i ZvKv‡j DcZ¨Kvi e„nËi `„k¨cU| myZivs GKUv we›`y‡Z `uvwo‡q Avwg GKB m‡½ `y‡Uv w`K cvw”Q : wek¦ Ges we‡k¦i Rivqy| †j †_‡K wmÜz eivei nvBI‡q a‡i Avgiv †Mjvg cwðg w`‡K| Lvjmvq (Khalsa) G‡m kÖxbMiMvgx GKUv Ge‡ov‡Le‡ov a~wja~mi iv¯Ívq †Mjvg KvwM©j (Kargil) ch©š|Í Zvici MvÇv M‡Z© fiv GKUv AuvKveuvKv Mvwoc‡_ cÖ_‡g `wÿ‡Y I c‡i `wÿY-cy‡e wM‡q cojvg Rvb¯‹vi (Zanskar) ce©Zgvjvi g‡a¨| iv¯Ívi BwZ c`yg‡Z (Padum) GLvb †_‡K Avgv‡`i PovB ïiæ| `yt‡Li K_v, Avgv‡`i m½x Kb¨vhyMj Amy¯’ n‡q coj| ej‡Z cv‡ib G Zv‡`i ce©‡Zi D”PZv Avi ¯’vbxq Lvev‡ii m‡½ gvbv‡Z bv-cvivi dj| ZLb Avgv‡`i Zuvey c‡o‡Q iviæ‡Z (Raru)| wØZxq w`‡bI hLb Zv‡`i Ae¯’vi we‡kl DbœwZ nj bv, ZLb R¡‡iv †K‡kv †g‡q `ywU‡K Mvwo‡Z Zz‡j Zv‡`i evev-gv‡K Mfxi `yt‡Li m‡½ Avevi †ji w`‡K wd‡i †h‡Z nj| †cU Moeo, bvK momo, Mjv NoNo, Mv-†Nvjv‡bv, gv_ve¨_v Ñ DuPz ce©‡Z Po‡Z †M‡j Gme Dcm‡M©i Rb¨ ˆZwi _vK‡Z nq| Avwg hw`I Avgvi Gme mgm¨v B‡Zvg‡a¨ KvwU‡q D‡VwQ, Zey mZK© nw”Qjvg Avmbœ wec` m¤ú‡K©| Lvov PovB‡Z Avwg DV‡Z cvie †Zv, we‡kl K‡i 5090 wgUvi DuPz wk¼zb cv‡m (Shinkun Pass)? gvSiv¯Ívq hw` Nv‡qj n‡q cwo Zvn‡j Kx n‡e? hw` Avgvi †Mvovwj gP‡K hvq, †m †Zv ¯^”Q‡›` n‡Z cv‡i? †KD _vK‡e bv, †Kv‡bv wKQyB ZLb Avi Kv‡R Avm‡e bv| hw` e„wó ïiæ nq, wKsev ZzlvicvZ? wKsev gv‡Sg‡a¨ †hgb Avgvi nuvUzi hš¿Yv ïiæ nq, †Zgb hw` nq? hw` nq, Zvn‡j Kx n‡e? GB cÖkUœ vB N~wY© Zz‡j Nyi‡Z jvMj Avgvi gv_vi g‡a¨| hLb †g‡q`ywUi cwievi †divi Rb¨ ˆZwi n‡q †Mj, ZLb Avgvi g‡bve‡j wPo ai‡Z ïiæ Kij|

106

†kl †h-gvbylwU Avgvi m‡½ hvIqvi gZ wQ‡jb, wZwbI hLb Av‡Mi w`b mܨvq Amy¯’ n‡q co‡jb, ZLb Ab¨‡`i m‡½ AvwgI †divi e¨vcv‡i gbw¯’i K‡i †djjvg| DjfMvs (Wolfgang) wbðq Zuvi †cU Lviv‡ci cvU PzwK‡q ivZvivwZ my¯’ n‡q DV‡eb bv Kvj mKv‡j `yiƒn ce©Z Awfhv‡b cvwo †`Iqvi Rb¨! Zv m‡Ë¡I †mUvB nj, ciw`b mKv‡j wZwb wb‡RB †NvlYv Ki‡jb hvIqvi c‡ÿ wZwb Ôh‡_ó my¯Õ’ | wZwb wPwKrmK, Pÿzwe‡klÁ| Zuvi wb‡Ri ÿgZvUv wK Avi GKUz webxZfv‡e hvPvB Kiv DwPZ wQj bv? hw` my¯I ’ nb, c‡i hw` Avevi †gvPo †`q Zuvi †cU, Zvn‡j †Zv duvme Avwg, †Uwj‡dvb ms‡hvMmn mg¯Í iKg †hvMv‡hv‡Mi evB‡i Zuvi m‡½ KvUv‡Z n‡e KZw`b? GZ eo `vwqZ¡ Nv‡o †bIqv wK hyw³hy³ n‡e Avgvi c‡ÿ? Avevi Zuv‡K GKv †Q‡o †`IqvUvI Avgvi c‡ÿ KvcyiælZv| Avgvi Abycw¯’wZ‡Z wKQy GKUv n‡q †M‡j ZLb GKv Zuvi c‡ÿ e¨vcviUv Av‡iv KiæY n‡q `uvov‡Z cv‡i| ¯^xKvi Ki‡ZB n‡e, wb‡Ri kvixwiK ZvKZ wePvi K‡i Avwg fq cvw”Qjvg| Avwg KZUv Szwu K wb‡Z ˆZwi Zv †g‡c wb‡Z Avgvi nv‡Z wQj GK NÈv mgq| †Kv‡bv wKQy ïiæ K‡i Zv †Q‡o †`Iqv KL‡bv Avgvi av‡Z †bB| myZivs, Aa©m¯ y ’ eÜzi m‡½ ce©Zvwfhvb Pvjv‡bvi w`‡KB cvjøv Sz‡u K coj Avgvi| cuvPUv †Nvovi wc‡V f‡i †`Iqv nj Avgv‡`i ZwíZív| ivbœvi evmbcÎ, Lvevi-`vevi, ivbœvi Zuvey GgbwK Avgv‡`i `yB cvÛv, iuvaywb w_b‡j (thinley) Avi Zvi mnKvixi wRwbmcÎI| Avgv‡`i m‡½ Pjj Av‡iv GKRb, †Nvov¸‡jv †`Lfv‡ji Rb¨ Zv‡`i gvwjK| hv †`Lv †Mj, Av‡iv wZb g~wZ© †mu‡U †M‡Qb Avgv‡`i m‡½| Guiv mevB Rvb¯‹v‡ii †jvK| †cU fiv‡bvi im` Av‡Q, Zuvey Av‡Q Ñ ¸wUmywU †g‡i ivZ KvUv‡bvi gZ GKUv imyB Zuvey, myZivs Zuviv m‡½ †h‡Z †c‡iB ab¨| GB wZbR‡bi g‡a¨ wQ‡jb GK bexb mbœ¨vmx, wZwb P‡j‡Qb


`wÿY fvi‡Zi GK g‡V| GKRb wQ‡jb eq¯‹ mvay, wZwb P‡j‡Qb wngvPj cÖ‡`‡ki (Himachal Pradesh) †Kjs (Keylong) AvkÖg `k©‡b| Ab¨Rb GMv‡iv eQ‡ii GK cyPu ‡K, Mi‡gi QywUi †k‡l †m wdi‡Q gvbvwj‡Z (Manali), Zvi ¯‹‡z j| Avgvi m½xwU hw`I Kvwnj, ïay g‡bi †Rvi Avi k³‡cv³ kix‡ii mwÂZ †Mvcb ZvKZ Zuv‡K †V‡j wb‡q Pjj| MÖv‡gi ci MÖv‡gi †fZi w`‡q Avgiv nuvUwQjvg, gv_v Lvivc n‡q hvw”Qj †mLv‡bi gvby‡li bMœ wbtm½Zv jÿ K‡i| Rvb¯‹v‡ii kxZ ¸iæZi, ei‡di †eovq evwm›`viv ci¯úi wew”Qbœ Kg‡m Kg QUv gvm| MÖv‡gi †jv‡Kiv Zuv‡`i evwoi PIov Qv‡` R¡vjvwb KvV Mv`v K‡i †i‡L‡Q| gy‡b (Mune) Avi iviæi `y‡Uv evwo‡Z †XvKvi my‡hvM n‡qwQj| Rxebavi‡Yi Avw`g Avi A¯^v¯’¨Ki nvj †`‡L DwØMœ bv n‡q Dcvq wQj bv| kx‡Zi w`‡b †MvUv cwievi Ges AvqZ‡b †m¸‡jv cÖvqkB †ek eomo nq, Mv`vMvw` K‡i †muwa‡q c‡o GKUv N‡i| †mB NiUv Mig ivLv nq| Rvb¯‹v‡ii Rvbvjv gvK©vgviv| †Kv‡bv mvwm© †bB, kx‡Zi VvÛv †VKv †`Iqvi Rb¨ †m¸‡jv ïay AvqZ‡b †QvU| A_©vr, kx‡Zi w`‡b Mig Ni¸‡jv mPivPi `g AvUKv‡bv Avi gbgiv AÜKv‡i †Q‡q _v‡K| GgbwK GB AvM‡÷I, hLb bvwK AvenvIqv DòZvq AvivgRbK, ZL‡bv jÿ Kijvg Pvb bv Kiv, AveR©bvq AvwÛj AmsL¨ wkï| Rvb¯‹vi DcZ¨Kv w`‡q hLb w`‡bi ci w`b nuvUwQjvg, Avgvi †`‡ni kw³, g‡bi †Rvi †e‡o hvw”Qj| eyS‡Z cvijvg †h, Avgvi PiYhyMj Uvbv cuvP-mvZ NÈvi j¤^v cvwoi wn¤§ZI a‡i, dzmdzmI ZvB| 4000 wgUvi ev ZviI †ewk D”PZvq †h †nu‡U P‡jwQ Zv fzj‡Z emjvg| fvM¨ fvj, DjfMvs eKwZqvi cÖKw… Zi bb, PzcPvc Avgv‡K wb‡Ri gZ Av‡M evo‡Z w`w”Q‡jb| Avwg nuvUwQjvg Avgv‡`i cvÛv w_b‡ji wVK †cQ‡b| †m ZiæY, †eu‡ULv‡Uv wKš‘ my¯v^ ‡¯’¨i AwaKvix| gyL ey‡R ïay nuvUwQjvg Avi nuvUwQjvg, †hb nuvUvi Q‡›` Wz‡e †MwQ Avwg| Avgvi wbtk¦vmI eyS`v‡ii gZ fvjB Zvj †gjv‡”Q m‡½-m‡½| miæ †h-c_Uv a‡i nuvUwQjvg, †mLvb †_‡K gv‡Sg‡a¨ Ic‡i ZvwK‡q Pvicv‡ki cve©Z¨ `„k¨cU ey‡S c‡o wbw”Qjvg| g‡b-g‡b wenŸj n‡q hvw”Qjvg| MZ wZbw`b Aek¨ memgq Ic‡i ZvKv‡bv m¤¢e nqwb| fvix cv_y‡i PvOo, bywo Avi cvlvYf‚wgi †fZ‡i Avgv‡`i cvK`Ðx c_Uv‡K wVKgZ kbv³ Kiv hvw”Qj bv| mveav‡b cv †dj‡Z nw”Qj cv‡q-cv‡q| wcQ‡j cowQjvg evievi, †nuvPU Lvw”Qjvg, Avgvi avZe jvwV `y‡Uv Avgv‡K fvimvg¨ ivL‡Z mvnvh¨ KiwQj| wngevn

†_‡K DcZ¨Kvq †b‡g Avmv cve©Z¨ †muvZv¸‡jv hLb †cwi‡qwQ, ZLb GB hôxhyMj Avgvi GKgvÎ fimv| `yB wkjvL‡Ði gv‡S cÖej NiNi Ki‡Q †dwbj Rj, w_b‡j Avgv‡K Gcvi †_‡K Icv‡ii cv_‡i jvd w`‡Z eva¨ K‡i‡Q, Avi cÖwZev‡iB wb‡Ri eyw× we‡ePbv wk‡Kq Zz‡j Avgv‡K jvdv‡Z n‡q‡Q| GK cv Gw`K-Iw`K n‡jB c‡o †hZvg eid‡mªv‡Z| eviK‡qK Gcvi-Icvi K‡i gvbwmKfv‡e weaŸ¯Í n‡q cojvg| GKB NUbv N‡U‡Q Av‡iv `yišÍ †mªvZw¯^bx mxgvšÍ b`x¸‡jvi muv‡Kv †c‡iv‡bvi mgq| `ycv‡ii `y‡Uv cv_‡ii Ici †mLv‡b †mªd `y‡Uv Kv‡Vi Z³v †djv| wb‡R‡K ZLb e‡jwQ, GK cv †djvi c‡i †Zvgv‡K c‡ii cv-Uv †dj‡Z n‡e cy‡iv g‡bv‡hvM w`‡q Ñ †h-cv-Uv †djwQ †mUv Qvov Ab¨ wKQy wPšÍv bv K‡i| Ab¨fv‡e e‡j cy‡iv a¨vb¯’ n‡q| †Kv‡bv `yNU© bv Aek¨ N‡Uwb, †cwi‡q hvIqvi c‡i †ek nvjKv †eva n‡q‡Q| †j-gvbvwj nvBI‡q a‡i Avgiv hLb `k©vq (Darsha) wdijvg, †mB Rvg©vb `¤úwZ Avi Zuv‡`i †g‡q`ywUi m‡½ Avevi GK RvqMvq njvg, ïay ZLbB gvjyg nj ce©‡Zi wbtm½Zv Avi bxieZvq Avwg wK cÖejfv‡e AvµvšÍ| mwZ¨ ej‡Z Kx, Ic‡i IVvi mgq cÖ_g K‡qKw`b wei³g‡b Avwg ïay †f‡ewQ, G n‡”Q we‡`wk †Kv‡bv f‚L‡Ð AbwaKvi cÖ‡ek| BD‡iv‡ci gvbyl wn‡m‡e Avgv‡`i †KD gv_vi w`we¨ †`qwb Ggb iæÿ cwi‡e‡k GZLvwb DuP‡z Z DV‡Z| GB mdiUv m¤¢e Ki‡Z Avgv‡`i `yRb gvby‡li Rb¨ `iKvi n‡q‡Q wZbRb cvÛv Ges cuvP-cuvPUv †Nvov| Zvi †P‡q wK evwo‡Z _vKv eyw×gv‡bi KvR nZ bv, eyw×gv‡bi KvR nZ bv BD‡iv‡ci †Kv‡bv ce©‡Z cvwo †`Iqv? †m †Zv Avgv‡`i gvbwmKZvi m‡½ †ewk gvbvbmB nZ| `~i †`‡ki, m¤ú~Y© AcwiwPZ †jv‡Ki g‡a¨ †Kv‡bv ce©‡Zi e¨vcv‡i cÖjä y nIqv wK J×Z¨ bq? ¯^xKvi Ki‡ZB n‡e Rvb¯‹v‡ii †mB DËz½ wbR©bZv, †hLv‡b †kl wZbw`b Avgiv †Kv‡bv †jvKvj‡qi gyL †`wLwb, Avgvi †mB åvšÍ aviYv †f‡O w`‡q‡Q| Rvb¯‹vi AwfÁZvi cybive„wË myBRvij¨vÛ ev Aw÷ªqvb Aví‡m nq bv| wbtm½Zv Avi ˆbtkã¨, hv Avgvi g‡a¨ †ek K‡qK gvm AbyiYb Zz‡j‡Q, Zv QvovI Avgvi g‡b me‡P‡q †ewk `vM †K‡U‡Q GKUv nvwm| w_b‡j Avi Zuvi mnKvix‡`i AbvnZ wkïmyjf Avb›` Avgvi Kv‡Q GZUvB Avkve¨ÄK †h, Avwg Zuv‡`i fzj‡Z cvie bv| gvbyl †h Av`‡Z fvj, Zv Zuviv Avgv‡K †`wL‡q‡Qb| Ck¦i Zuv‡`i g½j Kiæb| r

107


mI`vM‡ii †bŠ‡Kv ivRbw›`bx emy

Ôdzwi‡q hvIqv gvby‡li m‡½ my‡Li ¯§„wZ g‡b KivI †hb Avm‡j †kvK hvcbÕ Ñ cœ Avi ev¯Í‡ei gv‡S †h-dvivK †m-dviv‡Ki mg‡qB Avgv‡`i Rxeb Nyi‡Q, †KejB Nyi‡Q| Rxeb-g„Zz¨, Avb›`-myL, D`hvcb Avi mgc©‡Yi BwZnv‡m †f‡m †Mj mI`vM‡ii Av`‡ii †bŠ‡Kv| 20 wW‡m¤^i ms¯‹…wZ Ges wbfv AvU©‡mi †hŠ_ Dc¯’vcbvq Zcb w_‡qUv‡i AbywôZ nj †`‡ek P‡Ævcva¨v‡qi mI`vM‡ii †bŠ‡Kv| AwR‡Zk e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi mI`vM‡ii †bŠ‡Kvi cybwb©g©vY| 40 eQ‡ii cyi‡bv bvUK Zey AvR‡Ki mg‡qi GK RxešÍ `wjj| ÿgZvq‡bi ivRbxwZ †_‡K hvÎv, bvUK, wm‡bgvcvovi ev¯Íe Mvb| hvÎvcvjvi †g‡VvMv‡b kû‡i we‡bv`‡bi gg©vwšÍK †Pnviv bvU‡K GK hvÎvwkíxi Rxe‡bi ga¨ w`‡q †ewi‡q Av‡m| Rxeb Zv‡K bvbv euv‡K Nywi‡q‡Q| ev¯Í‡ei m‡½ hvÎvwkíxi iwOb bvU¨g‡Âi Rxeb †Kv_vI gyL _ye‡o c‡o| A‡_©i Pvwn`vq Zv‡K Avc‡mi c_ wb‡Z nq| GB Avc‡mi c‡_B bv‡g hš¿Yv| wkíx †e‡Q †bb Zuvi wbR¯^ Kíbvi Rxeb| †dvUv dz‡ji Avb›` †Luv‡Rb Siv dz‡ji g‡a¨| mgvR Zuvi gb †ev‡S bv, Zuv‡K cvMj e‡j| Avm‡j hv wKQy mevi gZ bq, mevi gZ K_v e‡j bv, w`b Avwb w`b LvB‡qi GK‡N‡qwgi evB‡i Zv-B †hb cvMj| Lye PgrKvifv‡e †`‡ek AwR‡Zk e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qi nvZ a‡i dzwU‡q Zzj‡jb cvMjvwgi ¯^vfvweKZv| mÂqb †Nv‡li K¨vbfv‡m wd‡i †`Lv GK wkíxi i³¯§„wZi

¯^

108

†e`bvB †hb g~Z© nj †mw`‡bi mܨvq| G-bvU‡K †mKv‡ji cÖR‡b¥i wkíx-evev †hgb Av‡Q, †Zgwb Av‡Q GKv‡ji †Q‡j| evevi wkíxmËvi Av‡jvQvqv Zvi g‡b Ab¨w`‡K evev‡K Qvwc‡q, evevi m‡½ me wgj ev` w`‡q †m Ab¨ gvbyl n‡q, UvKvi †cQ‡b Qy‡U Pjv hš¿ n‡q euvP‡Z Pvq| Zvi †cÖg, kixi meB †hb †Kv_vI hš¿Yvq we× nq, †Q‡ji Pwi‡Î bxj gy‡Lvcva¨vq h_vh_| †`ek¼i nvj`vi‡K hw`I gv‡S gv‡S GK‡N‡q jv‡M| wkíxi cvMjvwgi mgqI wZwb hv, GKRb evev wn‡m‡e ev cig eÜzwe‡qv‡Mi mgqI wZwb ZvB| wkíx Avi msmvi mËvi dvivK bvU‡Ki msjv‡c _vK‡jI Zuvi Awfb‡q †mUv cvIqv †Mj bv| eis †`ek¼‡ii ¯¿xi f‚wgKvq my`xßv PµeZx© Abvqvm| Av‡jv Avi gÂm¾vI mI`vM‡ii Rxe‡bi PovB-DZivB‡K fvwm‡q wb‡q †M‡Q| my‡ii cwiwgZ e¨env‡ii Rb¨ mvayev` †`e‡R¨vwZ wgkÖ‡K| cwiPvjK †`‡ek P‡Ævcva¨v‡qi c¨vkb ˆZwi K‡i‡Q GB bvU‡Ki kixi| Zcb w_‡qUv‡ii gZ cÖvq nvwi‡q hvIqv GK g‡Â AMÖ‡Ri gyn~Z©-Qwe Aby‡Ri nvZ a‡i †f‡m †Mj mI`vM‡ii †bŠ‡Kvq| Nyi‡Z _vKj Zcb w_‡qUv‡ii wifjwfs †÷R, †hb mI`vM‡ii Rxe‡bi nvwm-Kvbœv Nyi‡Z-Nyi‡Z g †Q‡o †b‡g Gj `k©‡Ki g‡b| g‡b nj, evev-†Q‡ji msNvZ, bvix-cyiæ‡li kixix †cÖg, wkí-ev¯Í‡ei msNvZ, cvIqvi m‡½ dzwi‡q †djvi †gjv e„ËvKv‡i †Zv Avgv‡`i cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Rxe‡b Nyi‡Q Ñ †KejB Nyi‡Q... r


KjKvZv wd‡j¥vrm‡ei †miv cuvP

†h

wbg©j ai

- †Kv‡bv Pjw”PÎ Drm‡ei †K›`ªwe›`y wm‡bgv| ïay wm‡bgv bq, fvj wm‡bgvI| we‡kl K‡i KjKvZvi `k©K mvivwU eQi D`&MxÖ e n‡q _v‡Kb Kvb-evwj©b†fwbm-†jvKv‡b©v-Ui‡›Uv Drm‡ei cyi¯‹vi †RZv ev cÖksmv cvIqv wm‡bgv¸‡jv †`L‡Z| KviY AvšÍRv© wZK Pjw”PÎ Drme Qvov IBme Qwe †`Lvi wØZxq †Kv‡bv my‡hvM †bB| m`¨ †kl nIqv KjKvZv Pjw”PÎ Drm‡eI cÖvq †`o‡kv Qwei g‡a¨ AšÍZ GKWRb †Zgwb cyi¯‹Z … Qwe wQj| †mLvb †_‡KB evQvB K‡i gvÎ cuvPwU Qwe wb‡q Gev‡ii Av‡jvPbv Ges Zv QwewfwËK|

`¨ Ig¨vb û †jdU (wdwjwcÝ)

cwiPvjK : jvf wWqvR cyi¯‹vi : †fwbm Pjw”PÎ Drm‡e ¯^Yw© msn GB gyn‡~ Z©i wdwjwc‡bv wm‡bgvq weªjv‡šÍ †g‡›`vRvi m‡½ GKB ¯^‡i D”PvwiZ bvg jvf wWqvR| f`ª‡jvK GKUz j¤^v ˆ`‡N©¨i Qwe K‡ib| KL‡bv bq NÈv, KL‡bv Qq NÈv| Z‡e Av‡jvP¨ QwewU gvÎ †cŠ‡b Pvi NÈvi| A_P iex›`ªm`‡bi †Pqvi AuvK‡o e‡m _vK‡Z GKwUev‡ii Rb¨I DmLym Ki‡Z nq bv| Uj÷‡qi †QvUMí

AvB‡Rb÷vBb Bb ¸qvjv¾qv‡Zv

ÔMW wmR `¨ Uª_y , evU e‡qU‡mÕi Ici wKQyUv wfwË K‡iB G-Qwe| wPÎbv‡U¨i wfZUzKBz wWqvR ïay wb‡q‡Qb Uj÷‡qi KvQ †_‡K, evwK wbg©vY Zuvi wb‡Ri| †hLv‡b wZwb †`k-Kvj mxgvbvnxb| AvR‡Ki mg‡q `uvwo‡q wWqvR mv`v-Kv‡jv d‡UvMÖvwd‡K GK Abb¨ wk‡íi gh©v`v w`‡q‡Qb G-Qwe‡Z| gvby‡li Rxe‡bi AÜKvi ch©v‡q Av‡jv †djvi Rb¨ Zuvi GB mv`v ebvg Kv‡jvi wPšÍv mvwnZ¨agx© †Zv e‡UB, Avevi AmvaviY cÖZxKxI e‡U| G-Qwe‡Z Zuvi wewfbœ PwiÎI G‡m‡Q mgv‡Ri wbgœe‡M©i RvqMv †_‡K| Zuviv mK‡jB cÖvq cÖvwšÍK †kÖwYi gvbyl| Qwei cÖavb PwiÎ †nvivwmI wZwik eQi †RjLvUv GK K‡qw`| wg_¨v Ly‡bi Aciv‡a Zuv‡K IB Rxeb KvUv‡Z n‡q‡Q| Avmj Lywb †cÎvI wQj †R‡j, huvi KzP‡µ Zuvi Ggb webv Aciv‡a kvw¯Í Ñ Gevi Zuvi cÖwZ‡kva †bIqvi cvjv| cwiPq e`‡j ZLb †m A‡cÿv K‡i Dchy³ mgq I my‡hv‡Mi †mB KzPµx iWwi‡Mv‡K ai‡Z| iv‡Zi AÜKv‡i A‡cÿgvY Zuvi m‡½ cwiPq nq mgv‡Ri AšÍ¨R †kÖwYi gvby‡li| GK †KvjKz‡u Rv gvbyl, feNy‡i GK wnR‡o, gvbwmK weKviMÖ¯Í iv¯Ívi GK †Q‡j, †g_i, `v‡ivqvb Ges ivZPiv Av‡iv wKQy gvbyl| kn‡ii AvÛviWMm Giv mevB| GK Ab¨Zi ev¯Í‡ei †mB kni| †nvivwmI

109


ax‡i-ax‡i GB cwZZ †kÖwYi GKRb n‡q I‡V| iv‡Zi AÜKv‡iB Guiv euv‡P| A_P Gu‡`i cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Rxe‡bB i‡q‡Q ewÂZ nIqvi bvbv Kvwnwb| cy‡iv wdwjwcÝ †`kUvi gZB †hb mvaviY bvMwi‡Ki Ae¯’v! GKmgq wWqvR e‡j‡QbI Ñ ÔAvwg †gUvd‡i wek¦vm Kwi| mewKQy mivmwi ejvi cÖ‡qvRb †bB| †`‡ki ivRbxwZ wb‡q ¯úó K‡i Avj‡Zv wKQy ejwQ Ñ hvq bv| AMZ¨v cÖZx‡Ki e¨envi!Õ †mB e³e¨ †g‡bB ejv hvq, gv‡K©vm Rgvbvq huviv webv Aciv‡a kvmb I †kvl‡Yi wkKvi n‡qwQ‡jb, Gu‡`i Ae¯’vI wQj †nvivwmIi g‡Zv| IB ivR‡Z¡i weiæ‡× cÖwZ‡kva¯ú„nx mK‡jB| wWqv‡Ri mvdj¨ Zuvi Qwei Pwiθ‡jv KL‡bv GKgvwÎK bq, eûgvwÎK| †hRb¨ †nvivwmIi m‡½ AvR‡Ki †h-†Kv‡bv wdwjwc‡bvi mgvšÍivj Uvbv hvq| Zuvi Ab¨vb¨ Qwei g‡ZvB wWqv‡Ri K¨v‡giv †Zgb bovPov K‡i bv| Pwiθ‡jvB K¨v‡givi mvg‡b Av‡m| K_v e‡j Avevi wb‡Ri MwZ‡ZB †ewi‡q hvq| A_P LyeB gvcv †d«g, UvBU K‡¤úvwRkb| GKev‡i †kl c‡e© G‡m K¨v‡giv mPj nq, hLb †nvivwmI iv¯Ívi feNy‡i wnR‡o †nvjvÛv‡K LyR u ‡Q| e¨vKMÖvD‡Û †Kv‡bv Avjv`v msMxZ †bB, ïay †e‡R P‡j e¨vÛmsMxZ, †hwU mwZ¨B evR‡Q mgy‡`ªi av‡i GKwU ev‡i| Avm‡j jvf wWqv‡Ri Qwe‡Z KL‡bv †Kv‡bv wb‡Uvj Mí _v‡K bv| wZwb wKQy gvbyl Avi NUbv‡K K¨v‡givq a‡ib| Mí ˆZwi nq †mBme wPÎKí †_‡KB| wZwb wgwbg¨vwj÷ wkíx| f¨vbZvivq wZwb wek¦vm K‡ib bv| Avi cÖ_g K_v Ñ wZwb wm‡bgv ˆZwi‡K Ôe¨emvÕ fv‡eb bv, wm‡bgv Zuvi Kv‡Q AvZ¥cÖKv‡ki gva¨g, GK wkí| G‡Ki ci GK Kvb-evwj©b-†fwbm Rq Ki‡Z Kg Kwâi †Rvi jv‡M bv| wj‡bv †eªvKvi ci wKQygvÎvq weªjv‡›` †g‡›`vRv †c‡iwQ‡jb| GLb wdwjwc‡bv wm‡bgvi AvšÍRv© wZK gyL Aek¨B jvf wWqvR|

AvB‡Rb÷vBb Bb ¸qvjv¾qv‡Zv (BD‡K)

cwiPvjK : wcUvi wMÖbI‡q cyi¯‹vi : evwj©b Pjw”PÎ Drme Qwei gy‡L ZL‡bv †Zgb K‡i K_v †dv‡Uwb| ÷¨vwjb Rgvbv Pj‡Q ZLb ivwkqvq| †m‡M©B AvB‡Rb÷vBb bv‡gi iæk f`ª‡jvKwU e¨vUjwkc c‡UgwKb bv‡gi GKwU Qwe evwb‡q `viæY GK Av‡jvob Zz‡j‡Qb| †m‡M©B‡qi eo mva ZLbKvi Av‡gwiKvq wM‡q AšÍZ GKwU Qwe evbv‡eb| ILvbKvi Pvwj© P¨vcwjb, †gwi wcK‡dvW© Ges †jLK AvcUb wmb‡K¬qvi Avgš¿Y Rvbv‡jb †m‡M©B‡K| c¨vivgvD‡›Ui g‡Zv bvwg †Kv¤úvwb Avw_©K `vwqZ¡ wbj| wmb‡K¬qvi †P‡qwQ‡jb, AvB‡Rb÷vBb †gw·‡Kvi mvaviY gvby‡li RxebhvÎv wb‡qB GKwU Qwe evbvb| wZwb Aek¨ Rvb‡Zb, AvB‡Rb÷vBb GKUz L¨vcv‡U cÖKw… Zi| wkíxiv AwaKvsk mgq †hgb nb Avi wK! ÷ªvwRK, A‡±vei Avi c‡UgwK‡bi `y`v© šÍ †µwWU Zuvi Avw¯Í‡b| wKš‘ Zuvi `xN© wZb-Pvi gv‡mi S‡ov md‡i wZwb †hgb cvM‡ji g‡Zv K¨v‡giv Pvwj‡q‡Qb, †Zgwb `ªæZMwZ‡Z Qy‡UwQj Zuvi e¨w³MZ Rxeb| †gw·‡Kv md‡i Zuvi MvBW cv‡jvwg‡bi m‡½ †m‡M©B Rwo‡q c‡ob mgKvwgZvq| nBPB ïiæ nq| wbUdj †gw·‡Kv †Zv e‡UB, cy‡iv Av‡gwiKv †_‡K Zuvi wbe©vmb N‡U| K‡qK nvRvi dzU wdj¥ c‡o _v‡K Zuvi †cQ‡b| cÖvq Pwjøk `kK ci †mB wdj¥ dz‡UR D×vi K‡i Kz¨B wffv †gw·‡Kv ˆZwi K‡ib m¤úv`K| †m‡M©B †mUv †`‡L †h‡Z cv‡ibwb, KviY AvUPwjøk mv‡jB wZwb Rxe‡bi Icv‡i| cwiPvjK wcUvi wMÖbI‡q eo K¨vbfv‡mi Qwe Kwi‡q| Zuvi Wªvdmg¨vb K›Uª¨v± ev, Gm‡c‡ivR eyK ev, `¨ KzK, `¨ w_d...

110

bv‡gi Qwe¸‡jv wmwiqvm wdj¥ `k©‡Ki †Pv‡L Ges g‡bI mvov †d‡jwQj| G‡nb gvbylwU †m‡M©B AvB‡Rb÷vB‡bi †mB †gw·‡Kv md‡ii UvjgvUvj DËvj RxebUv‡K aivi Rb¨B evwb‡q‡Qb GB Qwe AvB‡Rb÷vBb Bb ¸qvjv¾qv‡Zv| †Kb Zuv‡K †`k Qvo‡Z n‡qwQj, AvcUb wmb‡K¬qvi †_‡K c¨vivgvD›U †Kv¤úvwb †KDB Avi Zuv‡K †hb mn¨ Ki‡Z cviwQ‡jb bv Ñ †Kb, †m-inm¨Uv Rvb‡ZB wcUvi wMÖbI‡q Kg M‡elYvI K‡ibwb| Zuvi †mB Mfxi M‡elYv I ch©‡eÿ‡Yi †mjyj‡qW-dmj GB Qwe| †m‡M©B‡K ejv n‡qwQj †gw·‡Kvi wecøe Ges mvaviY gvby‡li msMÖvgx Rxeb‡K ai‡Z n‡e K¨v‡givq| †m‡M©B a‡iwQ‡jb| wKš‘ Zuvi KwgDwbRg a¨vba¨viYv, ivR‰bwZK `k©b Ges m‡e©vcwi e¨w³MZ Rxe‡bi †hŠb †K‡j¼vwiB wmj&W K‡i w`‡qwQj Zuvi Kg©Rxeb| wcUvi wMÖbI‡q Zuvi wPÎbv‡U¨ I K¨v‡givq †m‡M©B‡qi †mB A‡bKUvB ARvbv Rxebe„ËvšÍ‡K ai‡Z cÖqvmx| Qwei ïiæUvB †ek Pg‡K †`Iqvi g‡Zv, mv`v †cvkv‡K †m‡M©B Zuvi Mvwoevwnbx wb‡q ¸qvjv¾qv‡Zv kn‡ii A‡civ nvD‡mi mvg‡b bvg‡Qb| †m‡M©B †hb GK Ôgnv¸iæÕ! Zuvi Pj‡b-ej‡bi VvUevUUvB ivRwmK ÷vB‡j| duvcv‡bv Pzj, gy‡L `uvZ eviKiv nvwm wb‡q †m‡M©B‡K A‡bKUvB Ô†KŠZzKÕ Pwi‡Îi B‡gR †`Iqv nq| cy‡iv Qwe Ry‡oB †mUv †gb‡Ub K‡i‡Qb| mePvB‡Z AvcwËKi welqwU nj AvB‡Rb÷vBb‡K ïay kixim½wjáy wn‡m‡e †`Lv‡bv| †nv‡U‡j Xz‡KB wZwb D‡`vg n‡q hvb, evK¨vjvc P‡j Zuvi wb‡Ri wkkœi m‡½| GKUz `~‡i ev ej‡Z cvwi A‡bKUv Kv‡QB ZLb `uvwo‡q Zuvi Uz¨i MvBW Kvg B›Uvi‡cÖUi cv‡jvwg‡bv| wMÖbI‡qi Qwe memq‡gB by¨wWwU †`Lv‡bvi Rb¨ L¨vZ| myZivs eyS‡Z Amywe‡a nq bv, Gici cv‡jvwg‡bv Avi †m‡M©B GKB weQvbvq DV‡eb| kixi-RvMv‡bv msjvc w`‡q Zuv‡`i wgjb ïiæ| cy•Lvbyc•y Lfv‡e Zuv‡`i kixiwgjb bvbvfv‡e †`Lv‡bvi ci †m‡M©B‡qi cvqyc‡_ ¸u‡R †`Iqv nq GKwU iæk cZvKv! cv‡jvwg‡bvi m‡½ mgKvgx m¤úK© wQj †m‡M©B‡qi Ñ GUv mZ¨ NUbv; wKš‘ hZUv we¯ÍZ … fv‡e †m¸‡jv †`Lv‡bv nj ev cvqyc‡_ iæk RvZxq cZvKv ¸u‡R †`Iqvi e¨vcviUv A¯^w¯ÍKi jv‡M †Zv e‡UB, AmZ¨I| wMÖbI‡q Kíbvq AvkÖq wb‡q‡Qb AvB‡Rb÷vB‡bi AuvKv wKQy †¯‹P †_‡K| cv‡jvwg‡bvi m‡½ kvixwiK m¤ú‡K©i †Kv‡bv AKvU¨ cÖgvYI †bB, meUvB ¸Rewbf©i| cwiPvjK QweUv Aek¨ ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb AZ¨šÍ PvjvwKc~Y© gybw& kqvbvi m‡½| `ªæZ KvwUs‡q †gw·‡Kvi ïwUs c‡e©i m‡½ wZwb ÷ªvBK, A‡±vei Ges c‡UgwK‡bi wKQy ¸iæZ¡cY~ © Ask Qwo‡q w`‡q‡Qb myPZzi †KŠk‡j| GgbwK Kz¨B wffv †gw·‡Kvi AskI Ry‡o‡Qb wZwb| wMÖbI‡q wb‡R GKRb ms‡e`bkxj wkíx n‡qI AvB‡Rb÷vB‡bi g‡Zv GKRb wngvjqm`„k e¨w³Z¡ I cÖwZfv‡K Ggb Am¤§v‡bi ch©v‡q †Kb wb‡q †M‡jb! KwgDwbRgwe‡ivax wZwb n‡ZB cv‡ib, bxwZMZ we‡iva _vK‡ZI cv‡i, wKš‘ †mB Kvi‡Y wm‡bgv gva¨gwUi K…wËevm‡K Gfv‡e jvÃbv KivUv †mŠRb¨weiæ×|

AvB, W¨vwb‡qj †eøK (BD‡K) cwiPvjK : †Kb †jvP cyi¯‹vi : Kvb Drm‡e cvg `¨ Ii W¨vwb‡qj †eøK GKRb gvSe‡qwm gvbyl| †ckvq Qy‡Zvi, GK KvV KviLvbvi Kgx©| nVvrB ü`‡iv‡M AvµvšÍ n‡q Wv³v‡ii wb‡`©‡k GLb wekÖv‡g| wKš‘ †m GLb Kv‡R †hvM w`‡Z Pvq| †mR‡b¨ Zuvi `iKvi GKwU cÖksmvcÎ, †Kv_v †_‡K? mvwf©m †m›Uvi †_‡K| †hLv‡b †dvb Ki‡j W¨vwb‡qj DËi cvb GK b¤^i †`Iqv auvavq| wKsev DËi Av‡m K‡qK NÈv ci| Aci cÖv‡šÍ B¯úvZkvšÍ Mjvq †nj_‡Kqvi cÖ‡dkbv‡ji †Kv‡bv Kgx© Zuv‡K


`¨ KwgDb cÖkœ K‡ib, e‡jb DËi †`‡eb Ñ Ônu¨vÕ wKsev ÔbvÕ w`‡q, †Kv‡bv gšÍe¨ Kiv hv‡e bv| f`ª‡jv‡Ki mvg‡b GK weiw³i I A¯^w¯ÍKi cwiw¯’wZ| cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g wZwb cvb ev‡iv b¤^i, cvm Kivi Rb¨ b~¨bZg cÖ‡qvRb †lv‡jv| AMZ¨v Zuv‡K cvVv‡bv nq wmwf ˆZwi Kiv †kLv‡bvi GKwU RvqMvq| AvR‡Ki Kw¤úDUvikvwmZ AwdmN‡i eq¯‹ W¨vwb‡qj GKev‡iB †egvbvb| GK †Uwej †_‡K Ab¨ †Uwe‡j †Uwbm ev wcscs e‡ji g‡Zv †QvUv‡bv nq Zuv‡K| Kg‡cb‡mkb cvIqvi Rb¨ Av‡e`b Ki‡eb, †mLv‡bI KvdKvewY©Z GK wewPÎ RM‡Zi gy‡LvgywL wZwb| Kw¤úDUvi Ávbnxb GB gvbylwU‡K ZLb g‡b nq mwZ¨B ÔwgmwdUÕ| †kl ch©šÍ ˆah© nvwi‡q W¨vwb‡qj GKw`b Awd‡mi †`qv‡j MÖvwdwZ Gu‡K aibvq e‡m c‡o| Aek¨ Zv‡Z mgvavb nq bv mgm¨vi, Av‡iv Mfxi nq| cywjk G‡m AvBb fvOvi Aciv‡a W¨vwb‡qj‡K Zz‡j wb‡q hvq| †Kb †jvP Av‡iv GKwU DcKvwnwb GKB m‡½ Ry‡o w`‡q‡Qb| †KwU bv‡gi `yB mšÍv‡bi GK ZiæYx gv‡qi m‡½ Avjvc n‡q‡Q W¨vwb‡q‡ji| GB †g‡qwUI cÖvq GKB iKg miKvwi `xN©m~ÎZvi wkKvi| jÛ‡bi GK †nv‡÷‡j `yeQi KvUv‡bvi ci †KwU GLb c‡_| VuvB LyuR‡Z Zv‡KI `iRvq-`iRvq Nyi‡Z n‡”Q| cÖvq evevi †mœn w`‡q W¨vwb‡qj Zuv‡K AvMjvq| `ywU mšÍvb‡K fvjI ev‡m| †KwU Avi W¨vwb‡q‡ji GB ewÛs Qwei GKgvÎ cwRwUf| Pjgvb Rxe‡bi me bT_©K w`‡Ki g‡a¨ Av‡jvi Avfvm IBUzKzB| †KwUi Ni mvRv‡bvi Qy‡Zvq W¨vwb‡qj †hgb mvnvh¨ K‡ib, †Zgwb cywjk Zuv‡K †MÖdZvi Ki‡j kÖ×v I fvjevmvi nvZ evwo‡q †`q †KwU| GB mngwg©Zvi g‡a¨ eÜz‡Z¡i m‡½ ÿxY, A_P GK Mfxi m¤ú‡K©i Bw½Z †_‡K hvq| †kl ch©šÍ †Kb †jvP eywS‡q w`‡q‡Qb Ñ hvwš¿K m¤úK© w`‡q

Rxeb Pj‡Z cv‡i bv, P‡j bv| AbjvB‡b Zuvi `vwei digwU c~iY bv Ki‡Z cvivi g‡a¨B hvwš¿K Rxe‡bi AšÍtmvik~b¨Zv a‡i‡Qb †jvP| AvR‡Ki fvPzq© vj RM‡Z Avgiv wWwRUvj evB wWdë, Avi W¨vwb‡qj e‡jb, ÔBqv, I‡qj AvB A¨vg †cbwmj evB wWdë|Õ GB †h nZvkvi D”PviY, GLv‡bB R‡g Av‡Q Zuvi †ÿvf, Am¤§vb Acgv‡bi GK weivU cvnvo| we‡k¦i Ab¨Zg DbœZ †`k weª‡Ub I BD‡K‡Z mvaviY GKRb kÖwg‡Ki Ae¯’v †h Z…Zxqwe‡k¦i Zyjbvq ZZUzKz cv_©‡K¨i bq, †mUv gvjyg nj GB A¨vB, W¨vwb‡qj †eøK †`‡LB| W¨vwb‡q‡ji cÖwZ‡ekx GK K…òv½ ZiæY AvBb ev Gw_K‡mi †Zvqv°v bv K‡iB Pxb †_‡K `yb¤^ix Ry‡Zv G‡b Pov`v‡g wewµ K‡i| †mUvB Zvi iæwR I †ivRMvi| eq¯‹ W¨vwb‡qj wbcvU f`ª‡jvK, †m †Zv cvi‡e bv GB KvR †hUv †m cv‡i Ñ A_©vr mwµq cÖwZev` Rvbv‡Z, †mUvB K‡iwQj †m, wKš‘ cywjk G‡m Zuv‡K Zz‡j †bq| A_©vr e¨w³MZ cÖwZev‡`iI RvqMv †bB! Ggb Ôwe‡jZÕ Avgiv AwZm¤úªwZ †`wLwb| W¨vwb‡qj wm×všÍ Kx n‡”Q Rvb‡Z †Kv‡bv cÖkœ Ki‡jB DËi G‡m‡Q, ÔwWwmkb‡gKviÕ‡`i wm×všÍ wVK mg‡qB Avcbv‡K Rvbv‡bv n‡e| wWwmkb‡gKvi †K, K‡eB ev Rvbv‡eb, wm×všÍB ev Kx G¸‡jv meB †f‡m †eovq fvPz©qvj RM‡Z, evqexq †Pnvivq Z_vKw_Z hvwš¿K Dbœq‡bi Ici Ggb †eÎvNvZ‡K cÖksmv bv K‡i cviv hvq wK!

`¨ KwgDb (†WbgvK©)

cwiPvjK : Ugvm wf‡›UievM© cyi¯‹vi : evwj©b, †miv Awf‡bÎx W¨vwbk WMgv-L¨vZ cwiPvjK Ugvm wf‡›UievM© wQ‡jb AwZ

111


kvšÍ| we‡`ªvnx g‡bvfv‡ei †Kv‡bv SuvR Avi †bB| †mwj‡eªk‡bi g‡Zv †evgv dvUv‡bv Qwei ciciB †Kgb †hb Pzc‡m †h‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| Avm‡j Bs‡iwR fvlvq Qwe evbv‡bv ïiæ K‡iB m¤¢eZ Ggb †ZR nviv‡bv| wmb †cb, †K¬qvi †Wwbm I †RvqvwKg wdwb·‡K wb‡q BUm Aj A¨vevDU jvf ev GKUz c‡i †Rwg †ej‡K wb‡q wWqvi I‡qwÛ eywS‡q w`w”Qj Avc‡mi c‡_ Gevi Zuvi hvZvqvZ ïiæ| †evanq †mB AvcmgyLx hvÎvi AwšÍg ÷c n‡q hvq Zuvi bZzb Qwe `¨ KwgD‡b| Iui mve‡gwi‡bv Qwe‡ZI Avgiv †hŠ_ W¨vwbk cwiev‡ii Qwe †`‡LwQjvg| `¨ KwgDb Aek¨ GKUz Ab¨iKg| GKmgq Ugv‡mi cwiev‡iI wKš‘ GgbwU N‡UwQj| NUbvwU n‡”Q kniZwj‡Z GK wekvj evwo‡Z GK `¤úwZ mwZ¨Kvi GKUv KwgDb Mo‡Z Pvq| AvZ¥xq I †Pbv wKQy gvbyl mwZ¨ mwZ¨ GKUv KwgDb M‡o †Zv‡j| †mLv‡b mevB‡K me KvRB Ki‡Z nq| mevi KbwUªweDkbI mgvb| hw` †KD †eKvi _v‡Kb, Zuvi GB LiP evwK‡`i enb Ki‡Z nq| mgvR ˆZwii Avw`c‡e© Ggbfv‡eB KwgDb ˆZwi n‡qwQj m¤¢eZ| e¨w³-AwaKvi wQj bv| meUvB mgwóMZ| GLv‡bI ZvB| bvix-cyiæ‡li †gjv‡gkvq †Kv‡bv AwaKvi‡ev‡ai RvqMv †bB| †h-†KD †h-Kv‡iv weQvbvq ï‡Z cv‡i| UgvmI wVK ZvB K‡i‡Qb| `jxq k„•Ljvq KwgDb‡K †eu‡a‡Qb| wKš‘ Avgiv †Zv A‡bKUvB DbœZ †kÖwYi gvbyl n‡qwQ| ¯^vgx-¯¿xi m¤úK© ˆZwi K‡iwQ, †hLv‡b cvi¯úwiK AwaKvi‡ev‡ai m‡½ ÿgZvi mgxKiYI KvR K‡i| Qwe‡Z †`Lv hvq gvSe‡qwm GK `¤úwZ‡K| Avbv Avi GwiK| ¯¿x Avbv GKwU wUwf P¨v‡b‡ji wbDR-A¨vsKi| †Lvjv g‡bi gvbyl| ¯^vgxi m‡½ weQvbvi †Ljv †m my›`i Dc‡fvM K‡i GL‡bv| ¯^vgx GwiK wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Aa¨vcK| Zuv‡`i GK †lvokx Kb¨v Av‡Q, †d«Rv| wZbRb _v‡K kniZwji GK cÖvmv‡`| PjwZ Rxe‡b †Kv‡bv †XD †bB| nq‡Zv ev GKUz K¬všÍI Zviv| GivB wm×všÍ †bq GZeo evwoUv‡K Kxfv‡e e¨envi Kiv hvq| GUvi iÿYv‡eÿ‡Yi LiPI Av‡Q| wm×všÍ nq wZbR‡biB Rvbv‡Pbv †jvK‡`i †W‡K KwgDb ˆZwii cÖ¯ÍveUv cvov n‡e|

†W_ Bb mvivRv‡fv

112

njI| Ggb wewPÎ cÖ¯Ív‡e mevB ivwR| Avm‡j mevi †ewk Drmvn Pjgvb Rxe‡bi GK‡N‡qwg †_‡K †ewi‡q Avmvi AvKzwZ| GK bZzb Rxe‡bi ¯^v` cvIqv| G‡K G‡K IB evwo‡Z Dcw¯’Z nj GK †eKvi I Kuv`y‡b ZiæY A¨vjvb, g`¨c I‡j, QUd‡U ZiæYx †gvbv, mvivÿY ï‡Z e¨¯Í †÷dvb, Av`y‡i †g‡q w`‡Ë, GK Amy¯’ wkï Avi Gwi‡Ki QvÎx-evÜex G¤úv| GB `jwUi KwgDb Rxe‡bi ïiæUv g›` bq| G‡Kev‡i Avw`g c‡e©i| Mv‡q myZvnxb †cvkv‡K mevB †b‡g c‡o evwoi wekvj myBwgscy‡j| Rj‡Kwji ci GKB †cvkv‡K P‡j Lvbvwcbv| †ek gRvi e¨vcvi| wKš‘ †mB Avw`g mgqUv †Zv Avi GLb †bB| Avgiv †jLvcov wk‡LwQ| DbœZ n‡qwQ| cvi¯úwiK ¯^v_© I AwaKvi‡K Rvwb| wm×všÍ wQj cÖwZw`b mKv‡j ivbœvN‡i G‡m mevB wgj‡e| cÖ‡Z¨‡K Zvi AwfÁZvi Lywu UbvwU Rvbv‡e| ejv †h‡Z cv‡i, GK ai‡bi Av‡e‡Mi AwWU nq Avi Kx| †Kv‡bv bZzb wm×všÍ †bIqv n‡e GB mfv‡ZB| ïiæUv fvj n‡jI KwgDb RxebhvÎvi myi KvU‡Z _v‡K AwP‡iB| QvÎx G¤úvi m‡½ Gwi‡Ki m¤úK©Uv †g‡b wb‡Z cv‡i bv Avbv cÖ_gUvq| GwiKB KwgDb †Q‡o †ewi‡q hv‡e Ñ Ggb cwiw¯’wZ ˆZwi n‡j ¯¿x AvbvB ¯^vgxi weQvbvq †W‡K †bq G¤úv‡K| GLv‡bB g‡b c‡o hvq jyKvm gywfm‡bi myBwWk Qwe Uz‡M`v‡ii K_v| †mLv‡bI cÖvq GKB mg‡q myB‡W‡b KwgDb wjwfs‡qi K_v ejv n‡qwQj| Z‡e jyKv‡mi fw½Uv wQj LyeB nvjKv| GB Qwe‡Z Ugvm A‡bK †ewk wmwiqvm| cÖnm‡bi fw½‡Z Rxe‡bi RwUjZi AÜKv‡i Av‡jv †d‡j‡Qb wZwb| Z‡e Zuvi wPÎbv‡U¨ (wPÎbvU¨Kvi †Uvwiqvm wjb&W‡nvg wb‡RB GLb cwiPvjK, Ugv‡mi Av‡Mi `ywU Qwe mvegvwi‡bv I `¨ n¨vb‡Ui wPÎbvU¨Kvi) GwiK-Avbvi cÖvavb¨UvB †ewk| mvecøU¸‡jv †mfv‡e †W‡fjc bv Kivq Kvwnwb wVK †hb KwgD‡bi n‡q I‡V bv| Ab¨ Pwiθ‡jv ïay nvjKv AuvP‡oB †hb AuvKv| G¤úv-GwiK-Avbvi w·KvY †cÖ‡gi `vweI †ek mvRv‡bv g‡b nq| GiB duv‡K GKw`b †mB Amy¯’ wkïwU‡K nvmcvZv‡j cvVv‡Z nq| Avi †g‡q †d«Rv eyS‡Z cv‡i evev-gv‡qi m¤úK©Uv Avi ¯^vfvweK †bB| G¤úvi Dcw¯’wZ ax‡i-ax‡i Avbvi g‡a¨ GK


gvbwmK So †Zv‡j, hvi wbUdj cÖvq Db¥v` n‡q cov| A¨vbv‡KI †kl ch©šÍ nvmcvZv‡jB cvVv‡Z nq| ZviB ˆZwi, mv‡ai KwgDb †f‡O hvq| Av`‡Z cwiPvjK Ugvm AvR‡Ki mg‡q AZx‡Zi KwgDb RxebhvÎv‡K Zz‡j G‡b gvby‡li gvbwmK weeZ©b I cwieZ©b, `y‡Uv w`‡KB Av‡jv †dj‡Z †P‡q‡Qb| A¨vbv-Gwi‡Ki weevwnZ Rxeb ZQbQ n‡q hvq| Avevi †gvbv, A¨vjvb, I‡j, †÷dvb‡`i evievi kh¨vm½x e`jv‡bvq Ab¨Zi GK Rxebe„ËI ˆZwi nq| myZivs Ab¨fv‡e ejv †h‡ZB cv‡i, `¨ KwgDb Avm‡j KwgDb wjwfs‡qi K_vB e‡j bv, eis ¯^vgx-¯¿x ewÛs Ges †mB ewÛs Kxfv‡e †f‡O hvq, †mUvB †`Lv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb| KviY KwgDb RxebhvÎvi fvjg›` wb‡q †Kv‡bv Av‡jvPbv †bB Qwe‡Z| KwgDbUv ïay †cÖÿvcU| AvR‡Ki GK `v¤úZ¨Rxeb‡K KwgD‡bi †Uwe‡j †i‡L KvUv‡Quov (wW‡mKkb) K‡i‡Qb Ugvm| Qwei MVb Pjb ev wPÎbv‡U¨i `ye©jZv wb‡q wfbœgZ _vK‡jI Avbvi Pwi‡Î UªvBb wWi‡nv‡gi Awfb‡qi †Kv‡bv weKí nq bv| gvbwmK Avb›` I Aw¯’iZv cÖKv‡k UªvBb mwZ¨B AevK K‡i †`b| Ggwb GgwbB wK wZwb †miv Awf‡bÎxi cyi¯‹vi wRZ‡jb evwj©b wdj¥ Drm‡e|

†W_ Bb mvivRv‡fv (emwbqv)

cwiPvjK : Wvwbm Zv‡bvwfP cyi¯‹vi : evwj©b, †miv wPÎbvU¨Kvi mwZ¨ ej‡Z wK, cyi‡bv hy‡Mvmøvf †`kUvi AšÍi½ BwZnvm m¤ú‡K© AšÍZ cÖv_wgK †Kv‡bv AvBwWqv bv _vK‡j Wvwbm Zv‡bvwf‡Pi bZzb Qwe †W_ Bb mvivRv‡fvi cy‡iv gRv Dcjwä Kiv hv‡e bv| KviY GB Qwe hZUv wm‡bgv ZZUvB WKz‡g›U| ej‡Z cvwi wdKkbvjvBRW WKz‡g›U| ejKvb †`k¸‡jvi AšÍR©vj AZx‡Zi cvZvq GLbI AvU‡K| emwbqv-Avjevwbqv-g¨vwm‡Wvwbqvi Rb¥ †Zv m‡e| A‡bKv‡bK eQi Av‡M GB †`k¸‡jvI nv‡½wiiægvwbqv-eyj‡Mwiqv-hy‡Mvmøvwfqvi m‡½ Rwo‡q wQj| hvK †M, †mB cyi‡bv BwZnvm bv Rvb‡jI Pj‡e| 2014 mv‡ji 28 Ryb GKUv ¯§iYxq w`b hy‡Mvmøv‡fi BwZnv‡m| wVK GKk eQi Av‡M 1914 mv‡ji 28 Ryb Aw÷ªqvb AvP© wWDK d«vb&R dvw`©bv›` Lyb nb Mvwå‡jv wcÖwÝc bv‡g GK mve© bvMwi‡Ki Pvjv‡bv ¸wj‡Z| A‡b‡KB g‡b K‡ib, GB AvP© wWD‡Ki Lyb †_‡KB cÖ_g gnvhy‡×i m~ÎcvZ| nZ¨vKvix Mvwå‡jv Kv‡iv Kv‡Q mš¿vmx, Avevi A‡b‡KiB Kv‡Q mk¯¿ GK wecøex| GB w`bwU cyi‡bv hy‡Mvmøvwfqv‡ZI AZ¨šÍ m¤§v‡bi m‡½ D`&hvwcZ nZ| GL‡bv nq| Wvwbm Zv‡bvwfP GB w`bUv‡K e¨vKMÖvD‡Û †i‡L †W_ Bb mvivRv‡fvi wPÎbvU¨ wj‡L‡Qb| Zuvi Av‡Mi `ywU Qwei Ñ †miv we‡`wk Qwei A¯‹vi cvIqv †bv g¨vbmj¨vÛ Ges evwj©‡b Ñ `y-`y‡Uv iæ‡cvi fvjyK †RZv A¨vb Gwc‡mvW Bb `¨ jvBd Ad A¨vb Avqib wcKvi aviv †_‡K GwU G‡Kev‡iB Ab¨ Nivbvi| ¯^‡`‡ki ivRbxwZi weZwK©Z w`K¸‡jv ci‡Z-ci‡Z Rwo‡q Av‡Q M‡íi g‡a¨ †Zv e‡UB, msjv‡c, cÖwZ-msjv‡c, Pwi‡Îi bvgKi‡Y| M‡íi (bvwK NUbvi) †K›`ªf‚wg †nv‡Uj BD‡ivcv (Avm‡j GwU-mvivRv‡fvi nwj‡W Bbb, 1984-†Z †nv‡UjwU evbv‡bv n‡qwQj BD‡ivwcqvb DB›Uvi Awjw¤ú‡Ki Rb¨| Qq †_‡K AvU eQi c‡i ejKvb hy‡×i mgq †nv‡UjwU weaŸ¯Í nq)| Wvwbm †mB fvOv‡Pviv †nv‡UjwU‡KB mvwR‡q¸wQ‡q evwb‡q‡Qb †nv‡Uj BD‡ivc| †nv‡Uj g¨v‡bRvi I‡gi e‡jb, ÔGB †nv‡U‡j †K bv †_‡K‡Qb Ñ wej wK¬bUb †_‡K A¨v‡Äwjbv †Rvwj Ñ mevB?Õ dvw`©bv‡›`i g„Zz¨i kZevwl©Kx D`hvc‡bi †Zvo‡Rvo Pj‡Q †nv‡U‡j| BD‡iv‡ci ivRbxwZi eo-eo gv_v Avm‡eb| wekvj wWbv‡ii cÖ¯‘wZI Zz‡½| Wvwb‡mi

wPÎbv‡U¨i †cQ‡b i‡q‡Q evb©vW †nbwi †jwfi †jLv RbwcÖq bvUK †nv‡Uj BD‡ivc| evb©vW divwm bvU¨Kvi ïay bb, GKRb `yu‡` ivRbxwZwe` Ges iwOb B‡›U‡jKPzqvjI e‡U| cÖK…Z divwm Awf‡bZv R¨vK I‡qevi Avm‡Qb IB mܨvi Abyôv‡b bvUKwU Awfbq Ki‡Z| Qwe ïiæ nq R¨vK I‡qev‡ii AvMgb w`‡qB| †nv‡U‡ji wi‡mckb GjvKvq R¨vK‡K †`‡LB †Lv` g¨v‡bRvi I‡gi GwM‡q Av‡mb mv`i Af¨_©bv Rvbv‡Z| wb‡R jv‡MR w`‡q Zuv‡K †cuŠ‡Q †`b GK wfAvBwc iæ‡g| cy‡iv †nv‡UjRy‡o cÖ¯‘wZi e¨¯ÍZvi cvkvcvwk GK ¸‡gvU nvIqvI eB‡Q| †nv‡U‡ji d«›U Awdm g¨v‡bRvi ZiæYx jvwgqvi QUdUvwbi g‡a¨B Zv ¯úó| Avm‡j †nv‡UjwUi Avw_©K Ae¯’v LyeB Lvivc| e¨vs‡Ki †jvb †kva †`Iqv nqwb| `ygvm a‡i Kgx©‡`i gvB‡bI e‡Kqv| jwÛª wefv‡Mi cÖavb eq¯‹v nvw`Rvi †bZ…‡Z¡ ag©NU Av‡›`vjb ïiæ nj e‡j| g¨v‡bRv‡ii Aby‡iva KvKzwZ-wgbwZ‡Z †fv‡jb bv nvw`Rv| †Pviv‡mªv‡Zi g‡Zv Av‡iv GKwU ce© Pj‡Z _v‡K †nv‡U‡ji Qv‡`| †mLv‡b wUwf P¨v‡b‡ji mvsevw`K †f`ªvbv †mB mš¿vmx ev wecøex wcÖw݇ci m¤ú‡K© cwiwPZ HwZnvwmK Ges we‡kl‡Ái mvÿvrKvi wb‡”Q| IB mvÿvrKvi¸‡jvB Rvwb‡q †`q Kxfv‡e Ges KLb dvw`©bv‡›`i g~j nZ¨vKvix ÔLywbÕ †_‡K wecøex‡Z e`‡j †Mj| †f`ªvbv †mLv‡bB cvq Mvwå‡jv wcÖwÝc bv‡gi AvR‡Ki GK ZiæY‡K| †m RvwZ‡Z RvZxqZvev`x mve© Ges GB ZiæYI g‡b K‡i dvw`©bv‡›`i Lywb KL‡bvB mš¿vmx wQj bv, †m-B cÖK…Z bvqK| †f`ªvbv AvR‡Ki wcÖwÝc‡K GKmgq wRÁvmv K‡i, ÔGB mg‡q Avcwb Kv‡K Lyb Ki‡eb Ñ †Kv‡bv ûg‡`v BD‡iv e¨emvqx‡K, bvwK †Kv‡bv RvZxqZvev`x ivRbxwZK‡K?Õ e¨½vZ¥K nvwm w`‡q wcÖwÝc DËi †`q, ÔAvR‡Ki mg‡q GKUv †Kv‡bv Lyb ev nZ¨v wKQyB e`jv‡Z cvi‡e bv!Õ A_P 1914-Gi GKwU gvÎ Lyb wek¦hy‡×i KviY n‡qwQj Ñ GLb cÖwZw`b k‡q-k‡q gvbyl Lyb n‡”Q Ñ A_P †Zgb †Kv‡bv eogv‡ci cÖwZwµqv †bB| †Kb? Wvwb‡mi GB Qwe ivRbxwZi †Nvjv R‡j GB wRÁvmvUvB †Q‡o w`‡q‡Q| evb©vW †jwf Zuvi bvU‡KI GB ZK©Uv Zz‡j‡Qb| cvi¯úwiK bvMwiK hy‡× Ges msN‡l© µgvMZ UzK‡iv n‡Z _vKv BD‡ivcxq RvwZ¸‡jvi fwel¨r wb‡qI cÖkœ Zz‡j‡Qb Wvwbm| Avi †nv‡UjKgx©‡`i wbwðZ ag©NU †VKv‡Z g¨v‡bRvi I‡gi cÖvq eva¨ n‡qB jvwgqvi gv nvw`Rv‡K Ô¸gÕ Kivb †nv‡U‡ji †em‡g‡›U WvÝevi Pvjv‡bv evDÝvi‡`i w`‡q| Avi I‡gi wb‡R jvwgqv‡K N‡i †W‡K kvixwiK AZ¨vPvi K‡i| †kl ch©šÍ †`Lv hvq, AvR‡Ki wcÖwÝc Lyb n‡q †Mj cÖnixi ¸wj‡Z, KviY †m cÖ¯w‘ Z wbw”Qj Awf‡bZv R¨vK I‡qevi‡K Lyb Kivi, hv‡Z wZwb IB mܨvq Avi †jwfi bvUKwU Awfbq bv Ki‡Z cv‡ib| Gw`‡K †K ev Kviv we‡ùviYI NUvq| †nv‡UjRy‡o fqsKi AvZ‡¼i cwi‡ek| †evSv †Mj, GKk eQi Av‡Mi NUbvi cybive„wË nj e‡U, wKš‘ Lywb I Ly‡bi PwiÎ e`j n‡q wM‡q‡Q| GLv‡bB e¨½vZ¥Kfv‡e †W_ Bb mvivRv‡fv bvgwU mv_©K n‡q I‡V| Zv‡bvwf‡Pi g~j e³e¨ nj Ñ ÔBDwbdig fvebv wPšÍv eÜ Kiæb eÜziv| bB‡j cy‡iv RvZUvB wKš‘ GKUv mg‡q kÎæ‡Z cwiYZ n‡e|Õ GB †g‡mRUv mvaviY `k©‡Ki c‡ÿ PU K‡i ey‡S †djv m¤¢e bq| Wvwb‡mi cwiPvjbvi ˆbcyY¨ wb‡q ejvi wKQy †bB| Qv‡`i Ici Zuvi K¨v‡giv (wPÎMÖvnK Zij Rye‡PwfP) †hgb SzjšÍ wQj, †Zgwb †nv‡U‡ji AwjMwj Av‡jv-AÜKv‡iI †Zgb mvejxj-mwc©j MwZ‡Z GwM‡q‡Q| AbymiY K‡i‡Q Pwi·K| Pwi·K Lyu‡R †ewo‡q‡Q| Avm‡j Wvwbm Zv‡bvwfPiv Qwe evbvb e¨emvi Rb¨ bq, Mfxi mvgvwRK `vq‡eva †_‡K| †mLv‡b wZwb Aek¨B mdj| r

113


KjKvZvq Kj¤^vm Pjw”P‡Îi `„k¨cU

`k©‡Ki w`KUvI `qv K‡i GKUz †`L‡eb wK †`eviwZ-†mŠifiv?

b

iæ`ª k¼i

‡f¤^‡ii cÖ_g `y-mßv‡nB `ywU Avb‡Kviv evsjv Qwe gyw³ †cj| Avjv`v-Avjv`v K‡i `ywU QweB wiwfD †c‡Z cviZ, wKš‘ G‡ÿ‡Î Zv cv‡”Q bv| KviY, Lvivc Qwe wb‡q Av‡jvPbv KiviB †Kv‡bv gv‡b nq bv, n‡jIev Zv Ôivwbs mvK‡mmdzwjÕ g‡g© Kv¸‡R weÁvc‡b cÖPvwiZ| A_P Qwe `ywU fvj n‡ZB cviZ| Zv n‡jI †Kb GKm‡½ `ywU Qwe wb‡q kã LiP Ki‡Z emjvg| GKwUB Kvi‡Y| `ywU Qwe‡K we‡kølY Ki‡j †evSv hv‡e †Kb evsjv wm‡bgv eQ‡i cÖPzi n‡jI Zvi g‡a¨ Lye mvgvb¨msL¨K gvby‡li g‡b mwZ¨ cÖfve †d‡j| GB †h `yB bZzb cwiPvjK `ywU bZzb iK‡gi Qwe Ki‡jb, Zv †Zv †h †Kv‡bv wm‡bgv BÛvw÷ªi c‡ÿB AZ¨šÍ Avb‡›`i Lei nIqv

114

DwPZ wQj| we‡klZ evsjvi gZ ayuK‡Z _vKv BÛvw÷ªi| wKš‘ Ggbme †evKv‡evKv, MwÄKvcywÄZ Qwe evbv‡j Zv Kw`bB ev P‡j Avi GB †bvUe`‡ji Wvgv‡Wv‡j †K-B ev †`‡L ejyb †Zv? GB †hgb aiæb †`eviwZ ¸‡ßi Kz‡nwj| †`eviwZ AZ¨šÍ mrfv‡e Qwe evbv‡bvi †Póv K‡i _v‡Kb| GwU wb‡q wZwb wZb‡U Qwe cyi‡bv n‡jb| cÖ_gwU nBPB AZ¨šÍ mrfv‡e evbv‡bv n‡jI wW‡cøvgv Qwei Qov‡bv g‡bvfvewU †ek ¯úó wQj| †Mv‡`i Ici wel‡duvov wQj AwZ Aí †cÖvWvKkb ev‡RU| wKš‘ ¯^cœUv mr wQj| wØZxq Qwe KwéhyM fvjB n‡qwQj| w_ªjvi| `y`©všÍ bq| wKš‘ LvivcI bq| †cÖvWvKkb f¨vjyI evov‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| wKš‘


Z…Zxq Kz‡nwjwU GKwU MRK”Qc UvB‡ci Kx evwb‡q‡Qb, fMevbB Rv‡bb| wKš‘ fveyb, GUv wKš‘ evsjv fvlvq cÖ_g f¨v¤úvqvi gywf| gv‡b ÔgvBj‡÷vbÕ nIqvi m¤¢vebv wQjB| MíUvI Lvivc duv‡`bwb f`ªgwnjv| wKš‘ Qwe †kl nIqvi ci Avcbvi B‡”Q Ki‡e cwiPvjK‡K †e`g wLw¯Í Ki‡Z| fzjfvj eywS‡q Avcbv‡K n‡j XzwK‡q cv°v wZb NÈv bó Kivi Rb¨| Ggwb‡ZB weÁvb, B›Uvi‡bU Avi Awek¦v‡mi Av‡jvq G-`ywbqvq fq e¨vcviUvB Avi †Zgb cvËv cvq bv| Zvi Ici kã`~l‡Yi †Pv‡U evsjvi MÖv‡gM‡ÄI f‚Z †Zv Qvo–b, ISviv ch©šÍ mewR wewµ Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡”Qb| †mB evRv‡i f¨v¤úvqvi gywf! wKš‘ AvR‡Ki GB ÔKbwRIwisÕ‡qi `ywbqvq †Zgb Qvc †dj‡Z cviv f¨v¤úvqvi Qwe ev AwZcÖvK…Z Abyf‚wZ evbv‡Z Kz‡nwj Pjw”P‡Îi `„k¨cU †M‡j †h nq †i‡¯Ívi e¨e¯’v, bq‡Zv Mí gvSvgvwS †_‡K KjKvZvq Kj¤^vm Amn¨ jvM‡Z ïiæ K‡i| Avi Awfb‡qi †Rvi, wKQy GKUv wm‡bgvq _vKv PvB| evsjvi KuvnvZK iv‡Zi KjKvZvi iv¯Ívq gx‡ii †nu‡U †eov‡bv mn¨ cÖ‡hvRK‡`i †i‡¯Ív †h mxgve×, (†bv‡Ui AvKv‡j, Kv‡jv ev mv`v Kiv hvq| gv‡b fv‡ei N‡i Pzwi Kivi GKUv mxgv Av‡Q †Zv| hv-B †nvK) Zv mevB Rv‡bb| Zvi Ici UvwjM‡Äi bZzb AvMgb cwiPvjK wn‡m‡e †KD AšÍZ AvaNÈv duvwK w`‡q Pzwi K‡i B›`ªkxl ivq bv‡g ÔiÕ Ici evievi wmøc LvIqv GK bvqK, Avi †b‡e, Avevi Avkv Ki‡e `k©K ˆah©I ai‡e Ñ c‡ii UvKv c~RvwiYx †Nvl bv‡g †`n‡mŠôe Qvov Awfb‡q mvgvb¨B wKQy wb‡q hv Lywk Kiv hvq? bvwK cv‡jvwaevey fv‡eb evOvwj `k©K K‡i †`Lv‡bvi Av‡Q UvB‡ci GK bvwqKvi Rov‡bv k‡ãv”PviY, nvev‡Mvev ev nbjyj?y wKQy-wKQy †ÿ‡Î e¨vcviUv GZUvB weiw³Ki m‡½ huv‡`i †`vmi eiæY P›`, huvi ÔiÕ-i Ici †`vj LvIqv ch©v‡q †cuŠQq †h, g‡b cÖkœ Rv‡M, cwiPvjK wVK †Kvb dg©Uv ¯^qs mZ¨wRr ivqI eÜ Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb Ñ Gu‡`i Awfb‡qi wb‡Z PvB‡Qb Ñ bvUK, bv wm‡bgv? Kj¤^vm-gx‡ii RvnvRwU †Pv‡U me wgwj‡q c‡`-c‡` †h Avcwb GB cÖvq Mínxb QweUv Gcvi-Icvi †`Lv hv‡”Q, Ggb GKwU wS‡ji gZ Rjvk‡q †`L‡Z-†`L‡Z †nb¯Ív n‡eb, Zv ejv evûj¨| KviY, MíwUi fvm‡Q| Kj¤^vm-gxi Zvi mvg‡b `uvwo‡q| `„k¨Uv †`L‡j nvm‡eb, Pjb Ggb †h, f¨v¤úvqvi Lvq bv gv_vq †`q, †mB wimvP©Uv bv Kuv`‡eb, ey‡SB DV‡Z cvi‡eb bv| whwb K‡i‡Qb, Zuv‡K bv Avcbvi †k‡li w`‡K Kjvi a‡i †g‡i A_P QwewU üwl‡Kk gyL‡y ¾¨-cwiPvwjZ ÔevIqvwP©Õ jvB‡b †ek e‡K w`‡Z B‡”Q Ki‡e| f¨v¤úvqvi gywf Ki‡Qb gv‡b wK LvwbK G‡Mvw”Qj| Kj¤^vm KjKvZvq G‡m‡Q| `ywU e¨v‡Pji †Q‡j Zv‡K i¨vg‡m eªv`vm©, LvwbK ÔG·iwm÷Õ Avi GKUz ivg‡Mvcvj fvg©v AvkÖq w`‡q‡Q| `yR‡biB mgm¨veûj Rxeb| mgm¨v¸‡jvi m‡½ wb‡q, evsjvi Rj-nvIqvq LvwbKUv Rviv‡Z w`‡q GKUv †cÖ‡gi AvR‡Ki †ewkifvM hyeK-hyeZxB cwiwPZ| Kj¤^vm Zv‡`i ax‡iQwe‡Z Muv‡R¸u‡R †Kv‡bv GK Pwi·K i³‡L‡Kv K‡i w`‡jB ax‡i c‡_ Avb‡Q| ZvivI w`we¨ DZ‡i hv‡”Q c‡ii cixÿv¸‡jvq| n‡q hvq? cy‡iv B›Uvi‡bUwfwËK Amr GKUv wimvP©| fve‡Z fq wVK R‡q›U d¨vwgwj‡Z evIqvwP©i AvMg‡bi ci ax‡i-ax‡i nq Avi KZw`b wm‡bgvi f¨v¤úvqvi‡`i Av‡jv-nvIqvi ms¯ú‡k© üwl‡Kkevey ev Zuvi QweUv †hLvb †_‡K †bIqv †mB Mí n‡jI G‡jB ÔweUg¨vcÕ n‡q †h‡Z n‡e| mwZ¨‡ZI d¨vwgwj †g¤^vi‡`i mevi g‡a¨ m¤úK© ¯^vfvweK n‡q Zvici Gj KjKvZvq Kj¤^vm| wgiv‡°j bvgK RbwcÖq hvq, †mB jvB‡bB PjwQj| Kv‡jvc‡hvMxI wQj| üwl‡Kkevey †Uwjwfkb AbyôvbwU‡Z cÖwZ‡hvMx †_‡K †g›Ui n‡q IVv †mŠif mwjDkb †`wL‡qwQ‡jb wR‡ei ¯^v‡`| †mŠif †`Lv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb cv‡jvwai cwiPvjbvq cÖ_g Qwe| †mŠi‡fi KvR Av‡M KjKvZv mwjDkb i‡q‡Q Av‡Z¥vcjwä‡Z| †`‡L‡Q g‡Â Ges †Uwjwfk‡b| Zvi Ici cÖavb Pwi‡Î gxi wKš‘ †mŠif †Zv †evanq g‡b K‡ib, Ô†g‡mRÕUv `vwM‡q w`‡Z Avdmvi Avwj| Zuvi d¨v‡bi msL¨v †evanq †`‡ei †P‡qI †ewk| n‡e| Qwe n‡e A_P Zuvi cÖ‡Z¨KUv †Uwjwfkb w¯‹U ev bvU‡K Avi GB gyn‡~ Z© evsjv wm‡bgv Ges g GKev‡K¨ huv‡K fwel¨‡Zi †hgb GKUv `vMv‡bv Ô†g‡mRÕ _v‡K, †Zgb wKQy _vK‡e bv, Zv `yB gva¨‡giB Ônq‡ZvÕ mycvi÷vi wn‡m‡e MY¨ Ki‡Q, †mB Awbe©vY †evanq gv_v‡ZB Av‡mwb Zuvi| myZivs †`LvI `ytL, `y`k © v, evbvI fÆvPv‡h©i Dcw¯’wZ Ab¨Zg bvqK wn‡m‡e| Ges Aek¨B, GB Kj¤^vm‡K †P ¸‡qfviv, evRvI wbcxwo‡Zi †R‡M IVvi RqMvb, `k‡Ki evsjv wm‡bgvi g‡a¨ e½mgv‡R me‡P‡q †ewk Av‡jvwPZ PvcvI Avcb wek¦vm, ev` `vI `k©‡Ki Dcjwäi cÖwZ Av¯’v Ges Qwe f‚‡Zi fwel¨‡Zi cÖ‡hvRK Rq Mv½ywji cÖ‡hvRbv| gv‡b cvVvI QwewU‡K †fv‡M| AvKl©‡Yi QovQwo| gyw³i Av‡M cÖ‡hvR‡Ki Zi‡d cÖPv‡iiI Zv n‡j †ivMUv Kx †evSv‡bv †Mj? Avgvi gZ K‡i †Póv †Kv‡bv Kmyi nqwb, hZ¸‡jv gva¨g n‡Z cv‡i, meKUv‡KB wZwb Kijvg| mgm¨v nj, `yB cwiPvjKB wb‡Ri wPšÍv, d¨vwm‡bkb Avi fvwm‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb Kj¤^v‡mi cÖPv‡i| B‡”Q¸‡jv‡K †Kej †ewk ¸iæZ¡ w`‡qB †_‡g _v‡Kbwb, `k©‡Ki wKš‘ `y`v© šÍ Awfbq, my›`i ïiæ, mewKQy m‡Ë¡I †k‡l wM‡q wePviÿgZv m¤^‡Ü Zuv‡`i bv wQj Av¯’v, bv wQj GK †duvUv m¤§vb| dzj †Nu‡U ÔNÕi n‡q hvIqvi d‡j B›Uvifv‡ji c‡ii As‡ki mgm¨v †mLv‡bB| r

115


wKm&mv e‡jb †kn&iRv‡` iweksKi ej \4\ 116


K

_vq e‡j, †L‡Z ej‡j ï‡Z Pvq| GB wRb Ñ wm½gI †ZgbB, g‡b n‡jv iNycwZi| †hb Zuvi Kuva bq, †`vjbvq †P‡c P‡j‡Q wm½g| G‡KK mgq †cuRv †g‡Ni g‡Zv nvj&Kv, ciÿ‡YB wmwmdv‡mi †mB cv_‡ii g‡Zv fvix| iNycwZi g‡bi K_v eyS‡Z †c‡i wm½g ejj, ÔAvwg GKB m‡½ g„Z I RxweZ, Avcwb Rv‡bb bv, ûRyi?Õ Ñ gv‡b? wm½g †n‡m e‡j, ÔAvgvi wb‡Ri †Kv‡bv evmbv †bB, ZvB Avwg g„Z| A‡b¨i Kvgbv-evmbv c~iY Kwi e‡j RxweZ|Õ Ñ g„Z mewKQyi †P‡q fvix| iNycwZ weoweo K‡i ejj|

Ñ e‡UB †Zv| `ywbqvRy‡o GZ g„‡Zi fvi, †mB fviB GKw`b c„w_ex‡K AÜKv‡ii c‡_ wb‡q hv‡e| Avevi ïiæ n‡e AbšÍ kx‡Zi mgq| Ñ K‡e? iNycwZi Kɯ^i †Ku‡c I‡V| Ñ Nygnxb iv‡Z †PŠwK`vi †nu‡K hv‡e, Ôew¯ÍIqv‡j Rv‡Mv... †KvwVIqv‡j Rv‡Mv...Õ Avi Kv‡iv mvov hLb ïb‡Z cvIqv hv‡e bv... ZLb biLv`K Avm‡e... ïiæ n‡e wbkvPi RxeRš‘‡`i Drme, eû `~i `~i †_‡K Zviv †`Š‡o Av‡m, ci¯úi‡K AvnŸvb Rvbvq Avi gyn~‡Z©i g‡a¨ Lyu‡o Zzj‡e hv-wKQy wQj wKQyUv gvwUi Zjvq| ïiæ n‡e Avnvi| AÜKv‡i †KejB †kvbv hv‡e nvo I `uv‡Zi kã, wRnŸvi kã. i³ S‡i-covi kã| MÖvgwUi bvg Ôc`wPýÕ| wm½g wckv‡Pi g‡Zv †n‡m I‡V| Zvici e‡j, ÔGKUz Pv cvb Ki‡j †Kgb nq Ruvnvcbv?Õ Ñ Kx K‡i Lv‡e Zzwg? gyn~‡Z©i g‡a¨B iNycwZ †`Lj, GK e„× Zvi cv‡k jvwV‡Z fi w`‡q Lyuwo‡q-Lyuwo‡q P‡j‡Q| e„‡×i nvwm‡Z †m wm½g‡K wPb‡Z cvij| Zviv dzUcv‡_i Ici GKUv Pv‡qi †`vKv‡bi †e‡Â G‡m emj| wm½g KxiKg wRb? Pv‡q PzgyK w`‡Z-w`‡Z g‡b nj iNycwZi| gvbyl gvwU w`‡q ˆZwi, †d‡i¯Ív‡`i evbv‡bv n‡q‡Q Av‡jv w`‡q, Avi wRb‡`i Dcv`vb Av¸b| Rvbœv A_©vr jywK‡q _vKv †_‡K G‡m‡Q ÔwRbÕ kãUv| wm½g wK gvwi` wRb, hviv me‡P‡q eo I kw³kvjx, mgy‡`ª Zv‡`i Ni| †`‡L †Zv g‡b nq bv, fvej iNycwZ, gvÎB †Zv dzULv‡bK j¤^v| †ivMv, `yejv| Ñ ûRyi, Gme fvebv gv_v †_‡K mwi‡q †djyb| wm½g wdm&wdm& K‡i e‡j| Ñ Kx? Ñ Avwg KxiKg wRb fve‡Qb †Zv? Gme †f‡e Avcwb Kx Ki‡eb? Avcbvi I Avgv‡`i `ywbqv Avjv`v| Avjv`xb KL‡bv Zvi wRb m¤ú‡K© †f‡ewQj? †f‡e Kx n‡e? Avcwb hv Pvb, me Avwg Avcbv‡K G‡b †`e, hv ej‡eb, †m-B KvRB K‡i †`e| Ñ †Kb? Avwg hv eje, me K_v ïb‡e †Kb? Ñ Avcwb Avgv‡K gyw³ w`‡q‡Qb| Ñ †KD wK KvD‡K gyw³ w`‡Z cv‡i? iNycwZ nvmj| wm½g Kx †hb fvej, Zvici ejj, ÔnvRvi-nvRvi eQi a‡i GiKg MíB †Zv P‡j Avm‡Q, ûRyi| AvwgI Rvwb, ew›`Z¡ †_‡K `vmZ¡, GUzKzB Avgvi Ñ wRb‡`i ¯^vaxbZv|Õ Avgiv mevB G‡KKUv wRb, g‡b nj iNycwZi| ew›`Z¡ †_‡K `vmZ¡, Avevi `vmZ¡ †_‡K ew›`Z¡ Ñ GKUv KvbvMwji g‡a¨ Avgiv NyicvK Lvw”Q| Avi Avgv‡`i wN‡i GK Avw` bZ©Kx bv‡Pi P‡µ P‡µ Ly‡j †dj‡Q Zvi me †cvkvK| Avgiv wPrKvi KiwQ, wmwU w`w”Q, Dwo‡q w`w”Q e¨_© Pz¤^b, wKš‘ Kvgk‡i we× nIqvi hš¿Yv Avgiv fy‡j †MwQ| Iiv `yRb Avevi nuvU‡Z ïiæ K‡i| A`„k¨ wm½g GKmgq e‡j, ÔGKUv auvavi DËi †`‡eb, Ruvnvcbv?Õ Ñ ayi, Gme Ruvnvcbv-Ubv †W‡Kv bv †Zv| Avwg kvjv wfwLwiiI Aag| Ñ Kx ej‡jb, `v`v? iv¯Ívi GKwU †jvK †_‡g wM‡q †PvL eo-eo K‡i iNycwZi w`‡K ZvKvq| Ñ wfwLwii Aag| iNycwZ †n‡m e‡j| Ñ Kv‡K ej‡jb K_vUv? Ñ †Kb, wm½g‡KB †Zv Ñ

117


Ñ wm½g? †jvKUv Gw`K-Iw`K ZvKvq| Zvici nZvk¯^‡i e‡j, ÔWv³vi †`Lvb, GKv-GKv K_v e‡j P‡j‡Qb Ñ|Õ e‡jB Avcbg‡b K_v ej‡Z-ej‡Z †jvKwU GwM‡q hvq| Ñ wm½‡gi nvwm ïb‡Z cvq iNycwZ| Ñ cvM‡ji wWg| wm½g wUàbx Kv‡U| Ñ gv‡b? Ñ GL‡bv wWg dz‡U gyiwM †e‡ivqwb| †e‡iv‡jB †Kjøv d‡Z! hvK&‡M, †K Kx n‡e, †m †Zv Avi Avgv‡`i nv‡Z †bB ûRyi| Avcwb auvavi DËiUv ejyb| Ñ †Kvb auvav? iNycwZ wei³ n‡q e‡j| Ñ Avwg Rxe‡b †Kv‡bv auvavi DËi w`‡Z cvwiwb| Ñ †Kb? Ñ auvav †Zv auvavB| Zvi DËi e‡j †m †Zv Avi auvav _v‡K bv| gvbyl eo A™¢zZ, wm½g| Ñ †hgb? Ñ †m auvavI Pvq, auvavi DËiI Pvq; wKš‘ Zzwg †Zv wRb| gvby‡li wbey©w×Zvi Là‡i co‡j Kx K‡i? wm½g M¤¢xi n‡q e‡j, ÔAv”Qv, bv nq GKUv cÖ‡kœi DËi w`b|Õ GKB n‡jv| iNycwZ wmMv‡iU aiv‡Z-aiv‡Z e‡j, ÔcÖkœUv Kx?Õ Ñ †Kvb M‡íi g„Zz¨ nq bv? nvRvi-nvRvi eQi a‡i P‡j‡Q †Zv P‡j‡QB Ñ

wQj| Zv‡K LoKz‡Uv w`‡q R¡vwj‡q †Zvjv †M‡j Zvi Øviv Zvi †P‡qI eo e¯‘ †cvov‡bv hvq| Abœ-ms‡hv‡M †Zvgvi wfZ‡ii Aewkó ÿxY KjvwU R¡‡j D‡V‡Q, ZvB Zzwg †e`¸wj Dcjwä KiQ| †kv‡bv, †mvg¨ : gb Abœgq, cÖvY Rjgq Ges evK †Z‡Rvgq|Õ ÿzavi Zvrch© eyS‡Z cvij †k¦Z‡KZz| Ñ Kx fve‡Qb, ûRyi? wm½‡gi Kɯ^i †kvbv †Mj| Ñ A‡bK K_v, A‡bK Qwe †f‡m DVj| AvKvk-evZvm Ry‡o aŸwbZ n‡”Q; Abœ `vI, Abœ `vI| Abœ evK¨ Abœ cÖvY AbœB †PZbv...| wKš‘ k㸇jv Aby”PvwiZ †_‡K hvq| c`wPý MÖv‡gi c‡_ nuvU‡Z †`Lv hvq iNycwZ‡K| wm½g GLb KzKzi n‡q Zvi m‡½ P‡j‡Q| iNycwZ Avcbg‡b e‡j, ÔK‡qKRb Kwe GB BwZnvm Av‡M e‡j †M‡Qb, GLb Aci Kweiv ej‡Qb, Avevi fwel¨‡Z Ab¨ KweivI ej‡eb|Õ Ñ MíUv ejyb, ûRyi| wm½g †jR bvov‡Z-bvov‡Z e‡j| Ñ 1176 mv‡j MÖx®§Kv‡j GKw`b c`wPý MÖv‡g †iŠ‡`ªi DËvc eo cÖej| MÖvgLvwb M„ngq, wKš‘ †jvK †`wL bv| evRv‡i mvwi-mvwi †`vKvb, nv‡U mvwi-mvwi Pvjv, cwjø‡Z-cwjø‡Z kZ- kZ g„Y¥q M„n, g‡a¨-g‡a¨ D”P-wbP AÆvwjKv| AvR me bxie| evRvi †`vKvb eÜ, †`vKvb`vi †Kv_vq cvjvBqv‡Q wVKvbv bvB| AvR nvUevi, nv‡U nvU jv‡M bvB| wfÿvi w`b, wfÿz‡Kiv

A‡bK K_v, A‡bK Qwe †f‡m DVj| AvKvk-evZvm Ry‡o aŸwbZ n‡”Q; Abœ `vI, Abœ `vI| Abœ evK¨ Abœ cÖvY AbœB †PZbv...| wKš‘ k㸇jv Aby”PvwiZ †_‡K hvq| Ñ iNycwZ wKQyÿY wPšÍv K‡i e‡j, Ô†eu‡P _vKvi B‡”Q|Õ Ñ ayi, ayi Ñ| wm½g Zvw”Q‡j¨i ¯^‡i e‡j, ÔAvcbv‡`i mewKQy‡ZB `vk©wbKZv| Ruvnvcbv, MíUvi bvg ÿzav| Zvi KL‡bv g„Zz¨ nq bv|Õ AviæwY-cyÎ †k¦Z‡KZzi K_v g‡b coj iNycwZi| G-I Abœvfve I ÿzavi Mí| ev‡iv eQi eq‡m †k¦Z‡KZz †e`va¨qb Ki‡Z ¸iæM„‡n wM‡qwQ‡jb| PweŸk eQi eq‡m AnsKvix, Awebqx n‡q wd‡i Gj| AviæwY ej‡jb, Ô†mvg¨ Zzwg M¤¢xi, †e`vwfgvbx, Awebqx n‡qQ|Õ GKw`b AviæwY cy·K ej‡jb, Ô†mvg¨, cyiæ‡li g‡a¨ †lv‡jvwU Kjv ev Ask Av‡Q| Zzwg c‡b‡iv w`b wKQy †LI bv, hZ B‡”Q Rj †LI, cÖvY Rjgq, ZvB Rjcvb Ki‡j †eu‡P _vK‡e|Õ c‡b‡iv w`b ci †k¦Z‡KZz wcZv‡K wM‡q ej‡jb, ÔGevi Avwg Kx Kie?Õ AviæwY ej‡jb, ÔFK&, hRy, mvg¸wj D”PviY Ki|Õ †k¦Z‡KZz ej‡jb, †e`¸wj Zvi g‡b co‡Q bv| AviæwY ej‡jb, Ôeo GKUv R¡jšÍ Av¸‡bi GKwU A½vi Aewkó _vK‡j, Zv w`‡q Zvi †P‡q eo wKQy R¡vjv‡bv hvq bv| †Zvgvi †lv‡jv Kjvi g‡a¨ GKwU KjvB Aewkó Av‡Q, ZvB Zzwg †e`¸wj Abyfe Ki‡Z cviQ bv| Zzwg Gevi wM‡q Avnvi Ki, Zvn‡j Avgvi me K_v eyS‡Z cvi‡e| †k¦Z‡KZz Avnvi Kivi ci wcZvi Kv‡Q †Mj| Gevi AviæwY hv wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, mewKQyi DËi w`‡Z cvij †m| wcZv †k¦Z‡KZz‡K ej‡jb, ÔcÖR¡wjZ e„nr AwMœi GKwU KYv Aewkó

118

evwni nq bvB| Zš‘evq ZuvZ eÜ Kwiqv M„ncÖv‡šÍ cwoqv Kuvw`‡Z‡Q, e¨emvqx e¨emv fzwjqv wkï †µv‡o Kwiqv Kuvw`‡Z‡Q, `vZviv `vb eÜ Kwiqv‡Q, Aa¨vc‡K †Uvj eÜ Kwiqv‡Q, wkïI eywS Avi mvnm Kwiqv Kuv‡` bv| ivRc‡_ †jvK †`wL bv, m‡ive‡i mœvZK †`wL bv, M„nØv‡i gbyl¨ †`wL bv, e„‡ÿ cÿx †`wL bv, †MvPvi‡Y Miæ †`wL bv, †Kej k¥kv‡b k„Mvj-Kz°zi| GK e„nr AÆvwjKv Ñ Zvnvi eo-eo QoIqvjv _vg `~i nB‡Z †`Lv hvq Ñ †mB M„nviY¨g‡a¨ ˆkjwkLier †kvfv cvB‡ZwQj| †kvfvB ev wK, Øvi iæ×, gbyl¨mgvMgk~b¨, kãnxb, evjy cÖ‡e‡ki c‡ÿI weNœgq| Zvnvi Af¨šÍ‡i N‡ii wfZi ga¨v‡ý AÜKvi, AÜKv‡i wbkx_dzjøKzmyghyMjer GK `¤úwZ ewmqv fvwe‡Z‡Q| Zvnv‡`i m¤§y‡L gš^šÍi| Ñ Avcwb ejyb Ruvnvcbv| gš^šÍ‡ii Qwe eY©bv Kiæb| iNycwZ wKQyUv e‡j, Zvici _v‡g, Avevi e‡j, GBfv‡e Zviv Rbk~b¨ c`wPý MÖv‡gi c_ a‡i nuv‡U| Ñ †jv‡K cÖ_‡g wfÿv Kwi‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwij, Zvic‡i, †K wfÿv †`q! Ñ Dcevm Kwi‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwij| Zvic‡i †ivMvµvšÍ nB‡Z jvwMj| Miæ †ewPj, jvOj-†Rvqvj †ewPj, exRavb LvBqv †dwjj, Nievwo †ewPj| †RvZRgv †ewPj| Zvici †g‡q †ewP‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwij| Zvici †Q‡j †ewP‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwij| Zvici ¯¿x †ewP‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwij| Zvici †g‡q, †Q‡j, ¯¿x †K †K‡b? LwiÏvi bvB, mK‡jB †ewP‡Z Pvq| Lv`¨vfv‡e Mv‡Qi cvZv LvB‡Z jvwMj, Nvm LvB‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwij, AvMvQv LvB‡Z jvwMj| BZi I e‡b¨iv


Kz°zi, B›`yi, weovj LvB‡Z jvwMj| A‡b‡K cjvBj, hvnviv cjvBj, Zvnviv we‡`‡k wMqv Abvnv‡i gwij! hvnviv cjvBj bv, Zvnviv ALv`¨ LvBqv, bv LvBqv, †iv‡M cwoqv cÖvYZ¨vM Kwi‡Z jvwMj| wm½g wLK&-wLK& K‡i †n‡m DVj| Ñ nvmQ †Kb? Ñ GK evgy‡bi K_v g‡b coj| evg‡`e Fwl e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔAfv‡ei Rb¨ Avwg KzKz‡ii bvwofzuwo ivbœv K‡i †L‡qwQ; †`eZv‡`i g‡a¨ †KD mvnvh¨ K‡iwb, wb‡Ri ¯¿x‡K AcgvwbZ n‡Z †`‡LwQ...|Õ Ñ Fwl evg‡`‡ei K_v Zzwg †Kv_vq Rvb‡j? Zuvi K_v †Zv FM&‡e‡` Av‡Q| iNycwZ †n‡m ejj, ÔZzwg wK †e`va¨qbI K‡iQ wm½g?Õ Ñ nu¨v, ûRyi| †m A‡bK Rb¥ Av‡Mi K_v| Ñ ZL‡bv ÿzav, `ywf©ÿ... Ñ A‡bœi Rb¨ cÖv_©bv, ûRyi| AÆvwjKvi mvg‡b `uvwo‡q iNycwZ ejj, ÔGB MÖv‡gi me‡P‡q eo abx g‡n›`ª wms‡ni evwo| AvZ¥xq¯^Rb, `vm`vmx Ñ †KD g‡i‡Q, †KD cvwj‡q‡Q| ¯¿x Kj¨vYx Avi Kb¨v‡K wb‡q wL‡` Avi Z…òvi Rxeb| GK mܨvq ¯¿x-Kb¨v‡K wb‡q g‡n›`ª Rbk~b¨ PUx‡Z wM‡q †cuŠQ‡jb| †g‡qi Rb¨ g‡n›`ª `y‡ai †Luv‡R †e‡iv‡bvi ci AcüZ nj Kj¨vYx| †m-Kvwnwb eo fqsKi, wm½g| gvbyl †g‡Z D‡V‡Q gvby‡li gvsm LvIqvi ˆckvwPK Drm‡e|Õ wm½g Avevi †n‡m DVj| Ñ Avevi nvmQ Zzwg? Ñ ûRyi, g‡b coj Ñ Ñ Kx? Ñ AvwgB †mB mv`v KzKzi|

Ñ Zvi gv‡b? Ñ mv`v KzKz‡ii Kv‡Q Ab¨ KzKz‡iiv G‡m e‡jwQj, ÔAvgiv ÿzavZ©, Zzwg mvgMvb †M‡q Avgv‡`i Rb¨ Lv`¨ms¯’vb Ki|Õ Ggb mgq GK Ak¦v‡ivnx G‡m Zv‡`i mvg‡b `uvovb| gyLfwZ© `vwo‡Muvd, gv_vq cvMwo, ci‡bi AvjLvjøvi Ici bvbv i‡Oi †QvU-eo cyuwZi A‡bK gvjv, †Kvgie‡Ü Z‡jvqvi| Ak¦v‡ivnx iNycwZi cwiPq wR‡Ám K‡i; Zvici wb‡Ri cwiPq †`b, ÔAvgvi bvg gRby kvn&| gRby kvn& eyinvbv| Avwg gv`vwiqv dwKi| Avgiv weªwUkiv‡Ri weiæ‡× jovB KiwQ| `ywf©‡ÿ evsjv-wenv‡ii gvbyl gi‡Q, we‡`wk ivRvcÖRvi Ici AZ¨vPvi Pvwj‡q LvRbv Av`vq Ki‡Q| †Lv`vi †KZv‡e †jLv Av‡Q, GB KvR nvivg| A‡b‡K Avgv‡`i WvKvZ, `my¨ e‡j|Õ wKQyÿ‡Yi g‡a¨B dwKi gRby kvn&‡K wN‡i GK Rgv‡qZ M‡o I‡V| †KD G‡m‡Q †Nvovq †P‡c, †KD cv‡q †nu‡U, m‡½ mowK, ejøg, Z‡jvqvi, Mv`v e›`yK| K‡qKwU `j †V‡j wb‡q G‡m‡Q Kvgvb| we‡`ªvnx‡`i wb‡q dwKi gRby kvn& P‡j‡Qb e¸ovi gnv¯’vbM‡o| wZwb iNycwZi w`‡K ZvwK‡q wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, Ôhv‡eb bvwK?Õ wm½g wdm&wdm& K‡i e‡j, Ô†kn&iRv‡`-kvnwiqv‡ii Kx n‡e?Õ iNycwZ wm½‡gi K_vi DËi †`q bv| dwKi gRby kvn&i wgwQ‡j †m Xz‡K c‡o| k¥kv‡bi g‡Zv MÖvgwU AMwYZ gvby‡li c`aŸwb‡Z gyLi n‡q I‡V| wgwQ‡j †R‡M I‡V Mvb : Abœ Av‡jv Abœ †R¨vwZ me©ag©mvi Abœ Avw` Abœ AšÍ AbœB I¼vi| †m-A‡bœ †h wel †`q wKsev Zv‡K Kv‡o aŸsm K‡iv aŸsm K‡iv, aŸsm K‡iv Zv‡i| r (Pj‡e)

119


¯§„wZi QvqvcvZ kvnxb AvLZvi 120


gv‡S gv‡S Avgvi g‡b n‡Zv Gme myLx gyn~‡Z©i ¯§„wZwPý bq, Avgvi AvZ¥vq e‡q hvIqv S‡oi ¯úk©gq Ag~j¨ aŸsmve‡kl| Ñ Iinvb cvgyK

†m‡KÛn¨vÛ eB

ZL‡bv †Uªb Qvo‡Z wgwbU`‡kK †`wi| GKk UvKvq mvbMøvm wK‡b mvwebv hLb Av‡iv m¯Ívi wRwbm LyuR‡Q, ZLb cv‡ki eyK÷¨v‡Ûi msKxY© Zv‡K AwbZv †m‡bi ¯§„wZK_v bR‡i c‡o| ev`vwg gjv‡Ui mv`vgvUv Qvcvi, †Uª‡b covi Dc‡hvMx GKLvbv

†m‡KÛn¨vÛ eB| kÖxnÆevmx bxwjgv `v‡mi ïf cwiY‡q wkjs cywjkevRvi †_‡K ksKijv‡ji cÖxwZ Dcnvi| mvwebv cv‡qi Kv‡Q e¨vM bvwg‡q `ªæZ eB‡qi cvZv IjUvq Ñ Kx †bB bxwjgv `v‡mi nv‡Zi nj‡` †Qvc jvMv RivRxY© eBwU‡Z! wØZxq wek¦hy×, Aj BwÛqv KwgDwb÷ cvwU©, AvM÷ Av‡›`vjb, AvRv` wn›` †dŠR, cÂv‡ki gš^šÍi, `v½v, †`kfvM... †Uªb Pj‡Z ïiæ Ki‡j mvwebv †Kv‡ji Ici eB bvwg‡q mvbMøvm-†Pv‡L evB‡i ZvKvq| Kv‡Pi bxj‡P is-†gkv‡bv dv¸b-mKv‡ji ev`vwg †ivÏyi; Qvqv-Qvqv Ni-†Mi¯’vwj; cvZv-Siv‡bv, ayjv-Iov‡bv wd‡K bxj evZvm; †QvU-†QvU cvnvoMv‡Î av‡c-av‡c IVv †evZj-meyR Pv‡qi MvQ, cvnv‡oi Zj‡`‡ki †SvcSvo, ivwk-ivwk Rswj dzj Ñ ¯^‡cœ †`Lv cÖengvb `„k¨ †hb| ARvbv Lywk‡Z Ii gbUv `y‡j I‡V| A_P XvKv †divUv memgq wbivb‡›`i Ñ MZiv‡ZI wm‡j‡Ui †nv‡U‡j e¨vM †MvQv‡Z-†MvQv‡Z fvewQj mvwebv| wd‡i wM‡q †mB †Zv Nwoa‡i Pjv GK‡N‡q Rxeb| †ivR †gŠwLK weªwds wb‡q iY‡ÿ‡Î Suvwc‡q cov †hb| †`‡ki mgm¨vI AšÍnxb, Ii wi‡cvU© †jLvI Pj‡e AbšÍKvj| Avi eQ‡i GK-`yevi wm‡j‡Ui g‡Zv kn‡i DVwZ mvsevw`K‡`i cÖwkÿY`vb| ZL‡bv PvKwi †Q‡o eB †jLvi cÖ¯ÍveUv Ii g‡b c‡owb| e¨v‡Mi †PBb †U‡b wPiæwb-nv‡Z hLb †`qvj-Avqbvi mvg‡b `uvovq, ZL‡bv bq| ZLb e›`ievRv‡i †K GKRb `vD‡`i gj‡gi K¨vbfvm KiwQj| K¨vbfvmv‡ii MjvUv wbN©vr †iKW© K‡i evRv‡bv n‡q‡Q| bv nq Uvbv NÈv`yB jvMvZvi eKeKvwb! Rvbvjvi kvUvi Uvb‡Z wM‡q myigv UvIqv‡ii wbqb mvB‡bi w`‡K ZvwK‡q _v‡K mvwebv| Ii †Lvjv Pz‡j b`xi †Rv‡jv evZv‡mi gvZvgvwZ| gy‡L VvÛv nvIqvi cÖ‡jc| û, AvMvgxKvj G-mgq XvKv! cÖ¯ÍvweZ eBUv Avi wKQy bq, mvwebvi †g‡Rv fvB‡qi fvlvq Ñ cwiev‡ii †mvbvwj BwZnvm| I‡`i evev †gvqv‡¾g nK, whwb M‡íi †K‡›`ª, wZwb QvÎve¯’vq cvwj‡q wM‡q myfvl emyi AvRv` wn›` †dŠ‡R †hvM w`‡qwQ‡jb| G wb‡q eo‡Rvi GKLvbv gvbcÎ †jLv P‡j, Av¯Í eB wKQy‡ZB bq, †hLv‡b `y-`yev‡ii †eªb‡÷ªv‡K M‡íi K_K cÖvq ¯§„wZåsk| eqmI beŸB Qvwo‡q †M‡Q| †mB beŸBc~wZ©‡Z cÖevmx A_©evb †Q‡j hw` g‡b K‡i, cwiev‡ii †mvbvwj BwZnvm †jLvUv ev_iæ‡g iwOb UvBjm ev wMRvi emv‡bv, Wªwqsiæ‡g SvoevwZ †Svjv‡bvi g‡Zv Ñ Zvi fzj fvOv‡Z hvIqvUvB A_©nxb| ÔAvwg †f‡e †`wLÕ, e‡j mvwebv nZvkv †Mvcb K‡i Av‡jvPbvi BwZ Uv‡b| Zvici PvKwi Qvovi K_v †ivR fve‡jI AwbZv †m‡bi ¯§„wZK_v nv‡Z Avmvi Av‡M eB †jLvi K_v g‡b Av‡mwb| †Uª‡bi Rvbvjvq KbyB †P‡c Av‡e‡k †PvL †ev‡R mvwebv| evZv‡m †_‡K †_‡K Av‡gi eDj, †jey ev kR‡b dz‡ji g-g myevm| RqwšÍKv G·‡cÖm MÜevnx ¯§„wZ Pvwi‡q S‡oi †e‡M GwM‡q hvq| †gvqv‡¾g nK †m‡KÛ Iqvì© Iqv‡ii wØZxq eQi wkjP‡ii fv‡Zi †`vKv‡b kR‡b dz‡ji eov Avi gvbKPzi NÈ w`‡q AvKuvov Pv‡ji fvZ †L‡qwQ‡jb| `yw`‡bi Abvnvixi gy‡L Zv-B wQj Ag„Z| Gi cÖvq wZb eQi ci wkjP‡ii fv‡Zi †`vKvbUv †gvqv‡¾g n‡Ki g‡b c‡o| ZLb Rvcvb ivRKxq evwnbxi m‡½ AvRv` wn›` †dŠR eg©v †_‡K cÖvq `y‡kv gvBj gvP© K‡i Bç‡ji DcK‡É| †gvBivs‡q †ZiOv cZvKv Dwo‡q Bçj †mbvwbevm Ae‡iva K‡i †i‡L‡Q| †ivR nvgjv-cvjUvnvgjv Pj‡Q| AvKvk †_‡K Av‡gwiKvb e¤^v‡ii †gwkbMv‡bi ¸wj me Gw`‡K| Avi PvwP©j †ikb h_v Ñ we¯‹zU, P‡Kv‡jU, †LRyi, wKkwgk, wUbfwZ© cwbimn bvbvb gyL‡ivPK Lvevi AvKvk †_‡K

121


cy®úe„wói g‡Zv S‡i co‡Q Aeiæ× †mbvwbev‡m| ZLb AvRv` wn‡›`i wkwe‡i Lv‡`¨i eo AbUb| Pv‡ji m‡½ wj½iv e‡j GKcÖKvi Nvm wm× K‡i im‡`i mvkÖq Kiv nw”Qj| GKw`b wkjPi KZ `~i †`L‡Z gwYcywi mn‡hv×vi m‡½ cvnvo-P‚ovq I‡Vb †gvqv‡¾g nK| ÔAvi gvÎ bqUv cvnvo †i‡Äi ciÕ, mn‡hv×v e‡jb| ÔIB †Zv cwð‡g!Õ hw`I wkjPi wQj 99 gvBj Zdv‡Z| w`MšÍ‡Rvov †iv`-Sjmv‡bv, †PvLauvav‡bv, †XD‡Ljv‡bv meyR cvnvo-P‚ovi mgvnvi| Zey AZ `~i n‡Z, cvnv‡oi gv_v Quy‡q-Qyu‡q D‡o G‡m kR‡b dz‡ji MÜUv †hb wL`vUv Pvwi‡q w`‡qwQj| †Uª‡bi cÖjw¤^Z ûB‡mj wgwj‡q †h‡Z ÔKzjvDov †÷kbÕ mvBbUv mvwebvi `„wóc‡_ †f‡m I‡V| RqwšÍKv GLb axi, k¤^yKMwZi| †`kfv‡Mi Av‡M, mvwebvi evev e‡jwQ‡jb Ñ KzjvDov †_‡K jvZzi bv‡gi e`wj †Uª‡b wkjPi hvIqv †hZ| wkjPi †_‡K wnj †mKkb †ijc‡_ Kzwgjøv n‡q e›`ibMix PÆMÖvg| wnj †mKkb †ijjvBbUv cvZv n‡qwQj Avmv‡gi Pv w÷gvi‡hv‡M PÆMÖvg ev Puv`cyi n‡q KjKvZv e›`i cvVv‡bvi Rb¨| mvwebv Drdzjø n‡q fv‡e, KzjvDov-wkjPi-KzwgjøvPÆMÖvg-mgy`ªc‡_ †i½yb Ñ Gfv‡eB †Zv †gvqv‡¾g n‡Ki m¤¢ve¨ hvÎvc_Uv AuvKv hvq! hw` wZwb mwZ¨Kv‡i KzjvDov-wkjP‡ii e`wj †Uªb a‡i _v‡Kb, Zuv‡K wKQyUv mgq GLv‡b A‡cÿv Ki‡Z n‡qwQj †mw`b| ZLbKvi w`‡b KzjvDov wQj bvgx Rskb Ñ wkjP‡ii fv‡Zi †`vKv‡bi K_v †di g‡b co‡Z mvwebv fv‡e Ñ GLv‡bI Lvevi †nv‡Uj _vKvi K_v bq wK! `y-PviRb †Pbv †jvKI †mB m‡½ _vKvi K_v| we‡klZ cø¨vUd‡g©| ZLb NÈvq-NÈvq `~icvjøvi evm wQj bv| RbmsL¨v Kg n‡jI †ij‡÷kb¸‡jv‡Z wfo-fvÆv †j‡MB _vKZ| wUwKU cvIqvi Rb¨ Zx‡_©i Kv‡Ki g‡Zv A‡cÿv KiZ gvbyl| cÖ_g †kÖwYmn Av‡iv wKQy K¤úvU©‡g›U ZLb †Zv mv‡ne‡`i Rb¨ wiRvf©| ZvQvov wkjPi wm‡jU †RjviB Ask ZLb| cvm‡cvU©-wfmvi evjvB †bB, ZvB KzjvDov-wkjP‡ii †Uª‡b hvIqv-AvmvI wQj Lye| †mB wkjPi n‡q †i½y‡b cvwo Rgv‡”Qb †gvqv‡¾g nK| Ni cvjv‡bv †Q‡ji g‡b ZLb KZ wKQy‡Z m‡›`n, AvZ¼! nq‡Zv wf‡oi g‡a¨ cwiwPZ †KD Kuva †P‡c aij Ñ ÔKjKvZvi K¨v¤ú‡e‡j Wv³vwi c‡ov bv Zzwg? GLv‡b Kx K‡iv? †Pv‡ii g‡Zv cvjv‡q hvI KB?Õ cø¨vUdg© wbivc` bq †f‡e †gvqv‡¾g nK wbðq KzjvDovi †Kv‡bv GK Lvevi †nv‡U‡j Xz‡K c‡ob †mw`b| ZL‡bv †auvqv-†auvqv †Nvjv‡U mKvj| w`‡bi Av‡jv fv‡jv K‡i †dv‡Uwb| m‡e Pvicv‡k Rj wQwU‡q `iRvi gy‡Li jvKwoi Pzjvq Pv Pvcv‡bv n‡q‡Q| fvZ ivbœv n‡Z Av‡iv NÈvwZ‡bK evwK| †gvqv‡¾g nK GwM‡q hvb †nv‡U‡ji †cQ‡bi AÜKvi †Kv‡Yi Kv‡Vi †ewÂUvi w`‡K, hvi cv‡k MZiv‡Zi Gu‡Uv-KuvUvi evjwZ, ÿqv mvevb, w_Kw_‡K gqjv cvwb, euv‡ki †eovq UvOv‡bv ZiKvwii †SvjgvLv †Quov MvgQv, cv‡k KwgDwb÷‡`i hy×we‡ivax mv`v-Kv‡jv †cv÷vi Ñ GK fvB GK cvB, bvwn w`e mg‡i| ZLb †Uwjwfkb wQj bv, †iwWIiI Avµv| Zey Kv‡iv Rvb‡Z evwK †bB Ñ myfvl emy KjKvZvi GjwMb †iv‡Wi ˆcZ…K evwo †_‡K DavI| evOvwji †Q‡ji Ggb ey‡Ki cvUv, evwofwZ© mk¯¿ cvnviv`v‡ii †Pv‡L ayjv w`‡q cvjvq! GLb iv‡Ri Ae¯’v gv_vi Nv‡q KzËv cvMj| cvMjv KzËv Kx K‡i Ñ Ab¨‡K Kvgov‡Z hvq, bq‡Zv wb‡Ri V¨vs wb‡R Kvgovq| †gvqv‡¾g n‡Ki †PvLv‡PvwL nq mnhvÎx eÜzwUi m‡½| GKRb c‡K‡U nvZ ivL‡j Ab¨Rb m‡e‡M gv_v bv‡ob| mvg‡b

122

`xN© c_ Ñ K_vUv g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e| wKš‘ wKQy GKUv AW©vi bv K‡i e‡m _vKvI hvq bv| †jvKRb m‡›`nekZ bvbv K_v wR‡Ám Ki‡e| ïiæ‡Z Iiv GK Kvc Pv fvMvfvwM K‡i Lvb| jvZzi †Uª‡bi K‡qKUv ewM‡Z wm‡j‡Ui Pv cvZvB ïay hvq| Zv †evSvB n‡Z mgq jvM‡j Afz³ †c‡U Av‡iv K-Kvc Pv| m‡½ †Ubkb wiwjR Ki‡Z K¨vc‡÷b wmMv‡iU| GB eª¨v‡Ûi wmMv‡iUB eqm lvU ch©šÍ †gvqv‡¾g nK‡K m½ w`‡q‡Q| mvwebv Rvbvjv w`‡q `„wó cÖmvwiZ K‡i| †MvUv cø¨vUd‡g© †dwiAjv‡`i †QvUvQywU, †ePvwKwbi ayg| Zvi g‡a¨ dvwj Kiv Avbvi‡mi KvUwZB m¤¢eZ †ewk| mvwebvi cv‡ki wm‡Ui hvÎxwUI †Uª‡bi Rvbvjvi wb‡P `uvwo‡q †MvMÖv‡m Avbvim Lv‡”Q| wmR‡bi m¯Ív dj, hvi Mov‡bv i‡m kv‡U©i †MvUv‡bv nvZv Aewa gvLvgvwL| †mw`b cø¨vUd‡g© `uvwo‡q Ggb †gŠ‡R Avbvim LvIqvi Ae¯’v wQj bv †gvqv‡¾g n‡Ki| mvwebv fv‡e Ñ bq‡Zv Pv‡qi `v‡gi †P‡q G-coZvq fv‡jv coZ| Pv-cv‡bi Aek¨ Av‡iKUv KviYI _vK‡Z cv‡i| ZLb †Zv Le‡ii KvMR Lyj‡jB Pv †Kv¤úvwbi M`¨-c‡`¨ ÔwWªsK †gvi wUÕi bvbv PUK`vi weÁvcb| Zvi g‡a¨ ÔAkvwšÍ Avi D‡Ø‡Mi Møvwb Pv-B `~i K‡iÕ hy‡×i w`‡bi jvMmB U¨vMjvBbUv g‡b aiv Am¤¢e bq G `yB D`&åvšÍ Ziæ‡Yi, hviv evev-gv‡qi ARv‡šÍ A‡Pbv MšÍ‡e¨ cv evwo‡q‡Q| RqwšÍKv ûB‡mj evwR‡q axij‡q Pj‡Z ïiæ Ki‡j mvwebv wmU †_‡K D‡V c‡o| Avbvi‡mi gnv‡fv‡Ri ci †jvKUv †h wmMv‡iU aivj, IUv K¨vc‡÷b bv Zviv gvK©v Ñ Zv bv fve‡jI Pj‡e| I Uq‡j‡Ui †ewm‡b †Pv‡Lgy‡L R‡ji SvcUv †`q| evZv‡m-Iov Kcv‡ji Pzj¸‡jv nvZ w`‡q wVKVvK K‡i hLb K¤úvU©‡g‡›U †d‡i, ZLb AwbZv †m‡bi ¯§„wZK_v †XuKzi Zz‡j co‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q cv‡ki wm‡Ui †mB †jvK| †`L‡j g‡b nq Qv‡cvlv †Kivwb n‡e nq‡Zv, ev Ilya †Kv¤úvwbi wi‡cÖ‡R‡›UwUfI n‡Z cv‡i| kv‡U©i gqjv Kjvi Avi †iw·‡bi weªd‡K‡m †miKg g‡b nIqvB ¯^vfvweK| nq‡Zv †Kv¤úvwbi wbw`©ó †Kv‡bv Ilya evRviRvZKi‡Y kÖxg½j ev kv‡q¯ÍvMÄ hv‡”Q| †Kv‡ji Ici eBUv Ggbfv‡e †g‡j a‡i‡Q, Gi †Quov cvZv evZv‡m D‡o †M‡jI ÿwZ †bB, Ily‡ai m¨v¤új, e¨eüZ gqjv UvI‡qj, Uz_eªvk Avi UzwKUvwK wRwb‡m fwZ© weªd‡KmUv †hb envj Zweq‡Z _v‡K| wm‡U e‡m mvwebv DmLym K‡i Ñ †Kvb evnvbvq †diZ PvB‡e eBUv? Zv Mig, bv big Mjvq? big Mjvq K_v ej‡j I‡K Kv÷gvi VvI‡i eKeKvwb Ry‡o †`‡e, Ilya ev BÝy¨‡iÝ †Kv¤úvwbi `vjvj¸‡jv †hgb nq| mvwebv †eû`v evZwPZ K‡i AwbZv †m‡bi ¯§„wZK_vi †gŠZvZUzKz bó Ki‡Z Pvq bv| Avi Mig Mjvq I A‡Pbv †jv‡Ki m‡½ K_v KB‡e †Kb| †jvKUv †Zv weªd‡K‡mi †KvbvUv Ii Eiæ‡Z †VwK‡q w`‡q D˨³ Ki‡Q bv, eB co‡Q ïay| †i‡ji wØZxq †kÖwY‡Z G‡Ki eB ev Le‡ii KvMR A‡b¨i covi nK mevi Rb¥MZ| †jvKUv wK Avbvim †L‡q nvZ ay‡q‡Q? bxwjgv `v‡mi †djv nj‡` `v‡Mi Ici Zxeª MÜhy³ Zij njy` AvVv‡jv ciZ Ñ †m‡KÛn¨vÛ eB e‡j MÖvn¨B Ki‡Q bv| mvwebv wbiæcvq n‡q †jvKUvi w`‡K wcV w`‡q Rvbvjvq gyL Nywi‡q e‡m| fv‡e, GLvbKvi kR‡bMv‡Q GZ dzj nq, G †Zv bxwjgv `v‡mi †ivRKvi ivbœvi euvav AvB‡Ug nIqvi K_v| m‡½ wm‡j‡Ui †mvenvbxNv‡Ui Mjv-PzjKv‡bv cvnvwo Ij| ZviciB AvPgKv Ii g‡b AZx‡Zi fvebvUv m‡KŠZz‡K †L‡j hvq Ñ †h eB co‡Z-co‡Z ivbœv K‡i ev ivbœv Ki‡Z-Ki‡Z eB c‡o, Zvi ivbœvUv †Kgb? ÔALv`¨!Õ e‡j cv‡Z cvwb †X‡j cvwU †Q‡o D‡V co‡Zb


†gvqv‡¾g nK| Z¯Íwii mvRv cvb †Z‡Kvbv †Uwe‡j c‡o-c‡o ïKvZ ev MigKv‡j c‡P DVZ| bxnvi evby wbwe©Kvi| c‡ii †ejvq Avav-Klv ZiKvwi‡Z GKnv‡Z QoQwo‡q cvwb Xvj‡Qb †Zv Av‡iK nvZ Ae¨_©fv‡e Pzjvi av‡ii Rj‡PŠwKi w`‡K| †hLv‡b gmjvcvwZi Suv-Suv MÜgvLv †Lvjv eB c‡o i‡q‡Q| mvwebvi fvB‡ev‡biv hLb kvnbvgv, welv` wmÜz, Av‡bvqviv, †gRw`, N‡i-evB‡i LyuRZ, ZLb ejZ bv †h †di‡`Šmx, gxi gkviid †nv‡mb, bwRei ingvb, kirP›`ª, iex›`ªbv‡_i eBUv LyuRwQ| ejZ, Av¤§vi eB| nvkgZ Lvjv Avi wZZz gvgv ej‡Zb, bxnvi ev bxnvieyi eB| Gfv‡e bxnvi evby njy`-gmjvq †Lv`vB K‡i Zvi AL¨vZ bvgUv eB‡qi cvZvq Rvwi †i‡LwQ‡jb| ZLb Kg eB-B wK‡b cov n‡Zv| Avkcv‡ki K‡qK †gŠRvi ZveZ ¯‹zj-K‡jR ev cjøxg½j jvB‡eªwii eB¸‡jv †hb †nu‡U wfo KiZ bxnvi evbyi `iRvq| Avm‡j Lvj †K‡U Kzwgi Avbvi g‡Zv †gvqv‡¾g nKB QvZv gv_vq eM‡j †P‡c Avb‡Zb Gme, †K †Kvb ¯‹z‡ji †nWgv÷vi, MÖš’vMvwiK, `dZwi Ñ G wKwm‡gi gvbylRb a‡i-a‡i| †diZ †`Iqvi mgq Zuvi gyL Kvwj| Ô†Zvgvi KvÐÁv‡bi GZ Afve! cvZvq cvZvq njw`i `vM jvMvBQ| gvbyl¸wj‡i Kx Reve w`e Avwg?Õ †h-eB¸‡jv KL‡bv †diZ w`‡Z nqwb, Zv wQj †R¨vwZ VvKz‡ii weaev Kb¨v myievjvi| bxnvi evbyi m‡½ Ii †mjvB‡qi bKkvi Kve©b Kwc Avi eB‡qi Av`vb-cÖ`vb wQj 1965 mv‡ji fviZ-cvwK¯Ívb hy‡×i eQi ch©šÍ| mvwebv‡`i N‡ii †gnMwb Kv‡Vi cvj¼, ev‡Ni _vev AvK…wZi cvqvi covi †Uwej Avi Kv‡jv evwb©‡ki †Mvj †Zcvqv ZLb VvKzi‡`i KvQ †_‡K b¨vh¨ `‡i †Kbv n‡jI GK e¯Ív eB wQj gvMbv, myievjvi Zid †_‡K `vbmvgMÖxi g‡Zv| Zuv‡`i †`kZ¨vM mvwebv ¯^P‡ÿ †`‡Lwb| ï‡b‡Q| Ii R‡b¥i c‡ii eQi Muv‡qi †RvZ`vi cwievi gRyg`v‡iiv †mvbvgyov P‡j hvq, m‡½ hvq †R¨vwZ VvKz‡ii cyÎ-Kb¨viv| VvKz‡ii GK †Kvgi-†euKv †Q‡j wQj| mvwebvi g‡b nq, I‡K cvK †L‡q-†L‡q ayjv Dwo‡q Muv‡qi †g‡Vvc‡_ nuvU‡Z †`‡L‡Q| Avi VvKz‡ii †QvU †g‡q wcÖqevjv †Zv GKUv Wuvmv †cqvivB DVv‡bi †Kv‡Yi MvQ †_‡K ZLb-ZLb wQu‡o I‡K †L‡Z w`‡qwQj| wcÖqevjvi wd«j †`Iqv KuzwP`vi j¤^v Rvgvi wb‡P cvqRvgv wQj bv| †gvUv †gvUv myVvg cv| Av‡iKevi wcÖqevjv‡K †`‡L‡Q cošÍ †ejvq cyKz‡ii kv‡bi Nv‡U weovj †Kv‡j e‡m _vK‡Z| KzPKz‡P Kv‡jv weov‡ji cjKnxb cvbœviOv †PvL| ÔG GK Qvo ev‡bvqvU!Õ bxnvi evby †gwK ivM †`wL‡q ej‡Zb, Ô†g‡qWv‡i wbqv Avwg Avi cvwi bv| Lvwj gbMov †K”Qv... Znb Ii †cqviv LvI‡bi eqm nBwQj, bv `uvZ DVwQj?Õ Zvici wZwb mj¾ nvm‡Zb GKUzLvwb Ñ Ômvev †c‡W _vK‡Z Avwg Mí-Dcb¨vm coZvg †Zv Lye! †nBWvB Kvj nB‡Q| Lye m¤¢e Avie¨ Dcb¨vmUvB LZg w`wQjvg †mB mgq|Õ Zv wZwb w`‡ZB cv‡ib| mvwebv ï‡b‡Q, Ii Av‡M Av¤§vi GKUv w÷jeb© †ewe nq| Lye weøwWs n‡Zv e‡j Zuv‡K †eW‡i‡÷ _vK‡Z n‡qwQj wKQyw`b| gyLUv KvM‡Ri g‡Zv mv`v n‡q wM‡qwQj| †jv‡K †`L‡Z G‡m ejZ Ñ ÔKvjv eD ajv AB‡Q!Õ †mB Lywk‡Z my¯’ nIqvi ciI weQvbv AuvK‡o c‡o iB‡jb| Pzjvi av‡i †M‡j hw` is gqjv n‡q hvq! m‡½ bZzb evnvbv Ñ †c‡U †di ev”Pv Avm‡Q| mvwebv fv‡e, I †c‡U _vK‡Z Av¤§vi wbi³ gy‡L KeyZ‡ii i³we›`yi g‡Zv UzKUz‡K jvj bvKdzjUv wbðq Lye Sjgj KiZ| evwg©R iæwe wQj †Zv IUv| m¤¢eZ, eg©v †_‡K AveŸviB Avbv| ZL‡bv I RvbZ bv †h, AvRv` wn›` †dŠR †n‡i

†M‡j weªwUk‡`i ¸‡qi Mvgjv †U‡b wb‡q BiveZx b`x‡Z †dj‡Z n‡q‡Q †gvqv‡¾g nK‡`i| Mv‡q †cvKv, Pz‡j RUv| GK‡ejv Lvevi RyUZ Ñ ZvI Dw”Qó| †m hv-B †nvK, mvwebvi †QvU‡ejvq gRyg`vi †Mvôx, †mb, eKwk Avi VvKzi‡`i †`kQvovUv †hb K‡jiv-emšÍ, N~wY©So ev f‚wgK‡¤úi g‡Zv `y‡h©vMc~Y© NUbv| Muv‡qi †RŠjymB Zv‡Z bó n‡q hvq| †jvKRbI †_‡K-†_‡K ejZ Ñ †MivgWv Kvbv KBiv n¨viv PBj¨v †M‡Q| eKwk‡`i GK Ni †_‡K hvIqv m‡Ë¡I Zuv‡`i evwoUv g‡b nq †K †hb `ynv‡Zi Zvjy‡Z †Rv‡i Pvc w`‡q‡Q, Zv‡Z SziSzwi‡q †f‡O co‡Q `vjvb‡KvVv, BU-myiwK| GL‡bv `~i †_‡K MvQ-MvQovi duvK w`‡q bR‡i c‡o cvkvcvwk wZbwU mv`v gV Ñ c~e©cyiæ‡li euvav‡bv mgvwa| VvKzi‡`i †ejvq ZviI evjvB †bB| mvwebvi ¯§„wZ‡Z †R¨vwZ VvKz‡ii cwievie‡M©i P‡j hvIqvi ¯§viK Ñ †m-mg‡qi Muv‡qi GKgvÎ cvbxqR‡ji gv_vfvOv PvcKj| wmuwo‡Z dvUj-aiv kv‡bi NvU, †hLv‡b KuvUv MvQ Avi mv‡ci MZ© wQj| Avi myievjvi K_v fve‡j gv_vi Pzj-PuvQv, miæ Kv‡jv cv‡oi mv`v aywZi evjweaevi me©Rbxb †PnvivUv Ii †Pv‡Li mvg‡b †f‡m I‡V, †h †`kQvovi mgq wcÖq eBcÎ `vb K‡i wM‡qwQj| mvwebv cv‡k c‡o _vKv AwbZv †m‡bi ¯§„wZK_v PURjw` nv‡Z Zz‡j †bq| †jvKUv‡K Ny‡g Xzj‡Z †`‡L Zv¾e n‡q fv‡e, KLb †Uª‡bi †evj cvj‡U †M‡Q! Av‡M wQj jvZzi †Uª‡b †gvqv‡¾g n‡Ki MšÍe¨ Ñ wkjPi-KwigMÄ| Avq Nyg hvq Nyg| gwa¨Lv‡bi A‡bK¸‡jv eQi Mv‡qe| m‡e©vcwi †Uª‡bi bvgI †M‡Q cvj‡U| RqwšÍKv G·‡cÖm †hb eW©v‡ii avi †Nu‡l Mv SuvwK‡q MvB‡Z-MvB‡Z hv‡”Q Ñ †mvbvgyov-AvMiZjv| AvMiZjv-†mvbvgyov| ZvB †i bv †i bv, ZvB †i bv †i bv| Avnv gbœyfvB| mv`v my¨‡Ui wgkwg‡k Kv‡jv gvbylUv wQ‡jb mvwebv‡`i ¯‹z‡ji A‰eZwbK bv‡Pi wkÿK| cv‡q NyOzi †eu‡a, †Kvgi `ywj‡q-`ywj‡q bvP †kLv‡Zb| evwl©K mvs¯‹…wZK Abyôvb‡k‡l †f‡M hvb †mvbvgyovi dv‡Zgv‡K wb‡q| mvwebvi K¬vm‡gU †Rvnivi eo †evb dv‡Zgv| hviv gRyg`vi‡`i m‡½ RwgwRivZ Avi emZevwo e`‡j †mvbvgyov †_‡K Av‡m fviZ-cvwK¯Ívb hy‡×i c‡ii eQi| m‡½-m‡½ †LZve †Rv‡U wiwdDwR| (mvwebv‡`i Muv‡q †gvnv‡Ri kãUvi Pj wQj bv)| dv‡Zgvi meyR Rvwji IobvUv nv‡gkvB bvBj‡bi †e¸wb Rvgv wcQ‡j Mwo‡q coZ| gbœyfvB‡qi bv‡Pi Zvwj‡gi mgq Av‡iv †ewk-†ewk| ÔGing †ekig-†ejvR, cvnvBov-widzwR Qvov †K ABe!Õ †K ZLb e‡jwQj K_vUv? †m †h †KD n‡Z cv‡i| Kó K‡i wZb hyM Av‡Mi ¯§„wZ nuvUKv‡bvi `iKvi Kx| dv‡Zgvi g‡Zv Ggb my‡Mvj eyK ¯‹z‡ji wØZxq Kv‡iv wQj bv| wQj bv GBU K¬v‡m D‡VB Rvb j‡eRvb Kiv kixi †`Lv‡bvi cuvqZviv| Avm‡jB wK ZvB? mvwebvi g‡b c‡o Ñ †Rvnivi †QvU `vw` †Lvjv eviv›`vq j¤^v b‡ji MoMovq ¸o–g-¸o–g Uvb w`‡Zb hLb, Zuvi ey‡Ki Kvco †Kv‡j bvgv‡bv _vKZ| Ii my›`ix †Rvqvb PvwP evievwoi cyKziNv‡U †Mvmj Ki‡Zb D`vg n‡q| cyKz‡ii cvwb Qyu‡q _vKv Mv‡Qi Wvj-cvZvB wQj Aveªæ| †mB Ae¯’vq kxZ-MÖx®§ me FZz‡Z nuv‡mi g‡Zv †WvevWzwe Ki‡Zb Avi cvnvwo my‡i Mvb MvB‡Zb| Ô†mvbvgyovi R½‡j †iBcW nBwQj †Zv! †nBËb gvZvWv †M‡Q|Õ ¯‹z‡ji †jBRvi wcwiq‡W †Nvovi g‡Zv fvRv eyU `uv‡Zi Zjvq fvO‡Z-fvO‡Z meRvšÍv †Rvniv e‡jwQj K_vUv| Muv‡qi †jv‡KivI RvbZ| Zv e‡j PvwP‡K †iqvZ KiZ bv| fveLvbv Ggb †h, Zv Kievi nK`viB Iiv bq| ejZ Ñ ZLb †g‡q‡`i †iBc nIqvUv wQj gvgywj e¨vcvi| Iiv wbgKnvivg

123


wQj bv, ZvB RvbevwR †i‡L VvKz‡ii †QvU †g‡q‡K iÿv K‡i‡Q| Avi GUv †Zv wn›`y¯’v‡bi gvgjv| Zv‡Z I‡`i fv‡jv-g›` nvZ wQj bv hLb, G-Muv‡qi ixZ-wimvjv Kx †`vl K‡i‡Q? MÖv‡g mvqv-eøvD‡Ri Pj †bB wVKB, Avav-bvOvI _v‡K bv m”Qj N‡ii eD-wSiv| cyKziNv‡U euvk, mycvwii Wvj bq‡Zv KjvcvZvi †eovi Aveªæ _v‡K| Gi e¨wZµg Õ66-†Z c~e© cvwK¯Ív‡b wnRiZ Kiv †Rvniv‡`i cwievi| mvwebvi eyS nIqvi ci Õ73-74 mv‡jI Ae¯’v we‡kl cvjUvqwb| Gi KviY nq‡Zv, mvwebv c‡i †f‡e‡Q, Zuviv cvjUv‡Z Pvqwb ev †Zj-R‡ji g‡Zv Avjv`vfv‡e _vK‡Z †P‡q‡Q| †mB mvg_©¨ Zuv‡`i wQj| gRyg`vi‡`i e`wj cwievi| †RvZ-Rwgi Afve †bB| cÖwZUv cyiæ‡li GKvwaK eD| mšÍvbmšÍwZI ZvB ARmª| †Rvnivi `v`vi KzjcwZi g‡Zv AvPiY mn¨ Kiv Qvov Muv‡qi †jv‡Kiv Avi Kx Ki‡e| Kzrmv hv Kivi me Avov‡j-AveWv‡jB KiZ| †m cyiælgvbyl ek Ki‡Z I evwoi †g‡q‡`i Rv`y‡Uvbvi †Z‡jmgvwZ ch©šÍ| †Rvniv‡`i evwo †_‡K †gvqv‡¾g nK †ivMx †`‡L wdi‡j bxnvi evby †Riv Ki‡Zb| mIqvj hZ Kov fvlvqB †nvK, Reve n‡Zv A¯úó, Bkvivgq| †Kb? mvwebv Av‡Rv Rv‡b bv| nq‡Zv †gvqv‡¾g nK gvbylUvB Agb, †KŠZ‚nj Dm‡K w`‡q Zvgvkv †`L‡Z fv‡jvev‡mb| †Uªb jvDqvQovi R½‡j XzK‡j eo-eo Mv‡Q fvjy‡Ki †jv‡gi g‡Zv gm Szj‡Z †`‡L mvwebvi gbUv nVvr wZ³ n‡q I‡V| AveŸv AvivKv‡bi R½‡ji nvwZNvm ev my›`ie‡bi k¦vmg~‡ji kv‡bbRyj Mí”Q‡j wkÿv w`‡jI †QvU‡ejvq KL‡bv †Zv e‡jbwb †h, G-A‡j AZ¨waK e„wócv‡Zi `iæb MvQcvjvq †iuvqv-IVv Nb meyR Kv‡c©‡Ui g‡Zv gm nq, is‡ei‡Oi AwK©W †dv‡U! Zuvi KjKvZv †_‡K †i½yb hvIqvi c‡_ wkjP‡ii fv‡Zi †`vKvbB ev Av‡m †Kv‡Ì‡K? inm¨ Av‡iv Nbxf‚Z nq, †mw`bB RqwšÍKvi jkKwi Pv‡j †Rievi n‡Z-n‡Z eQi`yB Av‡MKvi GKwU NUbv hLb mvwebvi g‡b c‡o| †gvqv‡¾g nK ZLb †eªb‡÷ªv‡K wcwR nvmcvZv‡j| kix‡ii euvcvk m¤ú~Y© Aek| Zey †eWc¨vb e¨envi Ki‡eb bv| †Rvi K‡i ev_iæ‡g †h‡Z PvB‡Zb| Wvbv fvOv cvwLi g‡Zv weQvbv †_‡K Mwo‡qI co‡Zb m‡½-m‡½| ZLb av‡iKv‡Q Avqv bv _vK‡j GKv mvgvj †`Iqv KwVb n‡q coZ| GKw`b nvmcvZv‡ji †Kwe‡b ïay bxnvi evby Avi mvwebv| aivawi K‡i weQvbvq †Zvjvi mgq †gvqv‡¾g n‡Ki †VuvU KuvcwQj| gv_vi wb‡P evwjk ¸u‡R w`‡Z Ôwb‡iv-wb‡ivÕ e‡j Kcvj Pvcov‡jb †Kb wZwb? bxnvi evby Rv‡bb wKQy? mvwebvi Qq eQ‡ii eo †evb †ivLmvbvI Rvb‡Z cv‡i| I †c‡Ui mšÍvb n‡j wK, bxnvi evbyi mLxi gh©v`vq eo n‡q‡Q| ZvQvov AveŸvi KuzPwKi KvQvKvwQ Kv‡jvRv‡gi g‡Zv †h ey‡j‡Ui `vMUv, Gi nw`m †ivLmvbvB I‡K w`‡qwQj| hw`I ZL‡bv I Wv³vi nqwb| XvKv †gwWK¨vj K‡j‡Ri cÖ_g e‡l©i QvÎx gvÎ| mvwebv c‡o gd¯^‡ji ¯‹z‡j K¬vm GB‡U| nvmcvZv‡j bxnvi evbyi KUg‡U †Pnvivi w`‡K ZvwK‡q mvwebv AevK n‡q fv‡e Ñ †Rvniv‡`i evwo‡Z wb‡iv bv‡g †KD wQj wK, ev Ab¨ †Kv_vI, hvi Rb¨ †hŠebKv‡j Av¤§v‡K c¯Ív‡Z n‡q‡Q! K¨v¤ú Lv‡Ui wb‡P †eWc¨vb †V‡j w`‡q D‡V `uvovq mvwebv| cøvw÷‡Ki webUv fvOv A¨v¤úyj, wmwiÄ, Lvwj m¨vjvBb †evZ‡j f‡i †M‡Q| Avqv‡K bv WvK‡jB bq| ZLb †Kwe‡bi A¨vUvPW ev‡_ ARy Ki‡Z hvw”Q‡jb bxnvi evby| ÔAvRivB‡ji `yqvi‡Z wdi‡Q gvbylUv! KB Avjøv-†Lv`vi bvg wbe, Zv bvÕ Ñ ev_iæ‡gi `iRvq `uvwo‡q wZwb MRMR K‡ib,

124

Ôwb‡iv-wb‡iv Ñ G wK AvjvgZ!Õ

AwbZv †m‡bi ¯§„wZK_v

Avgvi GKgvÎ `v`v wb‡iv`P›`ª †mb, hv‡K Avgiv wb‡iv e‡j WvKZvg, 1941 mv‡ji GwcÖj gv‡m, gv wPwV‡Z Rvbvb Ñ wb‡iv wkjs‡qi evwo †_‡K DavI n‡q †M‡Q| Zvi Av‡Mi eQi 1940 mv‡j, `v`v KjKvZvi K¨v¤ú‡ej †gwWK¨v‡ji wØZxq e‡l©i QvÎ ZLb, 29 Ryb KvM‡R GKwU †NvlYv †e‡ivq myfvl emyi bv‡g : evsjvi †kl ¯^vaxb bev‡ei ¯§„wZ‡Z 3 RyjvB‡K wmivR D`-†`Šjv w`em wn‡m‡e cvjb Kiv n‡e| KzL¨vZ njI‡qj gby‡g›U ïay †h bev‡ei ¯§„wZ‡K KjywlZ Ki‡Q Zv bq, cÖvq †`o kZvwaK eQi a‡i Avgv‡`i `vmZ¡ I Acgv‡bi wPý n‡q kn‡ii gvSLv‡b Lvov Av‡Q| GB gby‡g›U‡K AcmvwiZ Ki‡Z n‡e|... 3 RyjvB G-Awfhvb ïiæ n‡e| †mw`b wn›`y-gymwjg GKvÆv nq myfvl emyi GB Wv‡K| AvPKvb-cvqRvgv-cvMwoi Bmjvwgqv K‡j‡Ri QvÎiv K¬vm †Q‡o `j‡eu‡a †ewi‡q Av‡m| njI‡qj gby‡g›U `~i K‡iv `~i K‡iv Ñ mevi gy‡L GK †møvMvb, GK `vwe| Ab¨_vq Av‡›`vjb Pj‡Q, Pj‡e| myfvl emy‡K †cÖwm‡WwÝ †R‡j cy‡iI Av‡›`vjb `vev‡Z cv‡iwb weªwUkivR| †Rj-Ryjyg AMÖvn¨ K‡i Zuvi gyw³i `vwe‡Z QvÎ-RbZv iv¯Ívq bv‡g| cywj‡ki †ec‡ivqv jvwVPv‡R© Av‡iv A‡b‡Ki m‡½ `v`viI gv_v dv‡U †mw`b| evwo‡Z LeiUv Rvbvqwb `v`v| Avgiv c‡i ï‡bwQ Ñ Ii Kcv‡j Avi gv_vi Zvjy‡Z cuvP-QUv w÷P c‡owQj| ivR gby‡g›U miv‡Z eva¨ n‡jI eQi †k‡l dvBbvj cixÿvq Avi emv nqwb `v`vi| KviY wn‡m‡e Avgv‡K †j‡L Ñ Kx n‡e civaxb †`‡k †jLvcov K‡i, Wv³vi n‡q? mewKQyi Av‡M PvB ¯^vaxbZv, Zvici Ab¨ wKQy| K_vUv Avgvi Lye g‡b a‡i| AvwgI ZLb GKB †Mvqv‡ji Miæ| Z‡e ïay ¯^vaxbZv bq, Avgiv PvBZvg mgvRZš¿, mvg¨ev`x mgvR| wkjs‡qi †m›U‡gwi‡R AvBG co‡Z-co‡Z Avwg KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i K›Uv‡± Avwm †m-eQiB| gv-evev Rvb‡Zb †mUv| wKš‘ `v`v cixÿvq e‡mwb Ñ †mB Lei †Kb †hb †Mvcb Kwi| gv‡K `v`vi wPwVi Av‡iKvsk c‡o †kvbvB, †hLv‡b †jLv wQj kÖ×vb›` cv‡K© myfvl emyi e³…Zv ï‡b †gvwnZ `v`v| †m Zuvi cig f³| K_vUv Avwg GKUz bvK wmU‡KB ewj †mw`b| Avgvi g‡Zv GKRb be¨ KwgDwb÷ Kx K‡i DMÖ RvZxqZvev`x †bZv‡K cv‡Z †Zv‡j! `v`v hLb wkjs‡qi evwo Av‡m, Avwg ZLb cvwU©i QvÎ msMV‡bi Kv‡R Avmvgf¨vwj Ny‡i †eovw”Q| gv wPwV‡Z wj‡L‡Qb Ñ wb‡ivi m‡½ GKwU gymwjg †Q‡jI G‡mwQj| I‡K mncvVx e‡j cwiPq Kwi‡q †`q wb‡iv| Zvi gv‡b `yR‡bB cixÿv Wªc w`‡q‡Q| Zvici bZzb eQ‡i cov ev` w`‡q mevÜe wkjs‡q †eov‡Z Avmv †Kb Ñ `v`v‡K Avov‡j †W‡K gv e‡jwQ‡jb K_vUv| Ôgv, Zzwg †Zv Rv‡bv w¯úÖs Lye my›`i wkjs‡qi! A‡bK dzj †dv‡U| Avgvi gy‡L Gme Mí ï‡b Ii fxlY †`Levi kL|Õ `v`v ZLb †Q‡jwUi bvgI e‡jwQj| gymjgvwb bvg e‡j g‡b ivL‡Z cv‡ibwb gv| Ô†Zvi eÜz‡K †L‡Z WvK| †Zvi eÜz‡K mœv‡b †h‡Z ejÕ Ñ Gfv‡e `v`vi eÜzwU †h-Kw`b wkjs‡qi evwo‡Z wQj bvgnxb n‡qB wQj| †Kv_vq Zvi wkjs‡qi em‡šÍi †kvfv †`Lv, dzj †`Lv, gv wj‡L‡Qb Ñ †m bvwK Le‡ii KvM‡R ivZ-w`b gyL Wzwe‡q e‡m _vKZ| A_P Avgv‡`i cvnvo-Xv‡ji evs‡jv c¨vUv‡b©i evwoUv ZLb dz‡ji Rb¨ Lye myL¨vZ wQj| gv‡qi evMv‡bi K¨v‡gwjqv, A¨v‡Rwjqv, g¨vM‡bvwjqv, P›`ªgwjøKv ZLb wkjs‡qi †miv| †Mvjvc, †Rwiwbqvg †Zv mviv eQiB dzUZ|


†M‡Ui gy‡L wekvj RvKvivÛv MvQUv †e¸wb dz‡j †Q‡q †hZ †mB FZz‡Z| G-mg‡q wkjs Nyi‡Z Avmv A‡Pbv †jvK‡`iI gv evwo †W‡K evMvb †`Lv‡Zb Avi Zvwid ïb‡Z fv‡jvevm‡Zb| †mB evMv‡bi cÖwZ `v`vi eÜzi D`vmxbZv gv‡qi gg©cxovi KviY n‡Z cviZ| Zv nqwb, KviY †Q‡jUv `yB nv‡Z gv‡Qi KuvUv †e‡Q Lvq| GKevi †Zv Gu‡Uv nv‡Z gvQ Zz‡jwQj e‡j wZwb ZrÿYvr evwU mwi‡q †d‡jb †Uwej †_‡K| Avwg wPwV co‡Z-co‡Z DrKÉv wb‡q fvwe Ñ Gm‡e †Zv `v`vi eÜzi AcgvwbZ nIqvi K_v| gv Kx K‡i cvi‡jb Ggb KvR Ki‡Z Ñ! Avwg †QvU‡ejv †_‡K RvbZvg, Avgv‡`i evwoi cwi‡ek D`vi| cK© ev wed evwo‡Z Av‡m bv wVKB, RvZ-cv‡ZiI evwZK †bB| evev-gv `yR‡bB wkwÿZ, f`ª, MvÜxi Av`‡k© wek¦vmx| evev IKvjwZ K‡i cÖPzi †ivRMvi Ki‡jI Kv‡jv †Kv‡Ui wb‡P Lχii Rvgv ci‡Zb| gv evwo‡Z ci‡Zb e½j²x KUbwg‡ji kvwo| evevi m‡½ evB‡i †e‡iv‡j miæ cv‡oi Lχii kvwoB ci‡b _vKZ| nv‡Z mv`vwm‡a `yMvwQ †mvbvi Pzwo| kL K‡iI †KD †ikwg Pzwo ciZ bv ZLb| we‡jwZ wRwbm †f‡O †dj/ Qy‡o †dj Ñ Avgvi †QvU‡ejvq mevi gy‡L-gy‡L| †Zgb eva¨evaKZv Aek¨ Avgvi Avi `v`vi †cvkvK-Avkv‡Ki †ejvq wQj bv| gv nvZKj Pvwj‡q Avgvi Rb¨ PjwZ d¨vk‡bi Rvgv-¯‹vU©Ucm †mjvB Ki‡Zb| kL K‡i kvwo cwi hw`, ZvB gv‡Smv‡S evbv‡Zb mvqv-eøvDR| †`L‡Z †ivMv wQjvg e‡j eøvD‡Ri nvZvUv †Kvjevwj‡ki Iqv‡oi g‡Zv XjXj KiZ| eøvD‡R †evZvg _vKv m‡Ë¡I cici †mdwUwcb jvMvZvg A‡bK| Avwg ¯‹z‡j co‡ZB †jm-†evbv, D‡ji Rvgv-†gvRv †evbv, GgeªqWvwi, Avmb ˆZwi Gme wk‡L wM‡qwQjvg| †kLvUv GKiKg eva¨Zvg~jKB wQj| Avm‡j Avgiv eo nw”Qjvg wm¤új wjwfs nvB w_swKs‡qi gvigvi KvUKvU cwi‡e‡k| hyMUvB wQj Agb| Avgvi Av‡iv †QvU‡ejvi K_v| ZL‡bv Avgv‡`i †ewe Aw÷b †Kbv nqwb| gv-evev IB †cvkv‡K hLb Xvjy WªvBfI‡q w`‡q †b‡g †h‡Zb, Avwg Rvbvjv a‡i ZvwK‡q _vKZvg| fveZvg, Avgvi hLb we‡q n‡e AvwgI ¯^vgxi m‡½ †eov‡Z hve| cvB‡bi mvwii Zj w`‡q nvZ aivawi K‡i nuvUe ev wdU‡b K‡i †eove| Avgvi ci‡b _vK‡e j¤^v MvDb Avi gv_vq mv`v †j‡mi †Mvjvwc n¨vU| j‡iv‡Uv-Kb‡f‡›Ui QvÎx wQjvg e‡jB nq‡Zv GgbwU fveZvg ZLb| ZLb †Zv wkjs‡q mv‡ne-†g‡giI Afve wQj bv| g‡b Av‡Q, †m-mgq gv‡qi GK gvmZz‡Zv `v`v wkjs‡qi evwo‡Z †eov‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb| wZwb wQ‡jb Av›`vgv‡bi †mjyjvi †R‡ji K‡q`LvUv ¯^‡`wk| wZwb †h-nv‡Z wcKwiW A¨vwm‡Wi †evgv ˆZwi Ki‡Zb, †mB nv‡Z Zuv‡K †RjLvbvq SzjSvo– evbv‡Z n‡Zv| †mB `yt‡L eÛ mB K‡i †Rj †_‡K †ewi‡q Av‡mb| Zuvi cÖwZÁv wQj Ñ G `ywUi †Kv‡bvUvB evwK Rxeb nvZ w`‡q †Quv‡eb bv| gv ZvB wbwðšÍg‡b mv‡eK wecøex‡K evwo‡Z VuvB w`‡qwQ‡jb| ZLb gvbyl c‡ivcKvi KiZ †Zv Lye! hyMUvB wQj wdjvb_ªwci| Avgvi gv Kzô wbeviY mwgwZi †m‡µUvwi wQ‡jb| Av‡iv Kx me mfv-mwgwZi KvR _vKZ †ivR| gvgvi Kv‡Q Avgv‡`i †i‡L P‡j †M‡j Avgiv †PvL eo eo K‡i †evgv evbv‡bvi dgy©jv ïbZvg| †gvg gvLv‡bv g¨vwbjv i¾y‡Z †h g„Zz¨`ÐcÖvß Avmvwg‡`i duvm jvMv‡bv nq Ñ Zv Avgv‡`i †QvU‡ejvq gvgvi gy‡LB †kvbv| Zvici bvwK †`o¸Y IR‡bi evjyi e¯Ív Szwj‡q ciLI Kiv n‡Zv| Gfv‡e wecø‡e B¯Ídv †`Iqv gvgvi Kv‡QB Avgvi Avi `v`vi nv‡ZLwo| `v`v †Zv PzcPvc, ¯^ífvlx Ñ I‡K †evSv †hZ bv| Avwg wQjvg PÂj, gvi`v½v UvB‡ci| evev e¨¯Í gvbyl|

GKmgq gv‡qi GKvi c‡ÿ Avgv‡K mvgjv‡bv KwVb n‡q c‡o| ZLb Avgv‡K †h gqgbwms‡ni we`¨vgqx‡Z cvVv‡bv nq, Avgvi `yišÍcbvB ïay Gi KviY wQj bv, †ggwMwi Qvov‡bviI nq‡Zv cÖ‡Yv`bv wQj| we`¨vgqxi †nWwg‡÷ªm wQ‡jb gv‡qi ¯‹zj-evÜex| wZwbB me e¨e¯’v Ki‡jb| _vKZvg ¯‹zj-†evwW©s‡q| ¯‹zj K¤úvD‡Û A‡bK MvQ wQj| Avkcv‡ki evwo‡Z †Zv wQjB| ¯‹z‡ji cuvwPj †Nu‡l K¤úvD‡Ûi evB‡i GKUv wjPzMvQ wQj †m-mgq| Kv‡K-ev`y‡o Lv‡e e‡j Iiv Rvj w`‡q djšÍ MvQUv gywo‡q ivLZ| Avgv‡`i eviY wQj Mv‡Q P‡o wjPz LvIqvi| ZLb †Zv AvBb Agv‡b¨i †Rvqvi me©Î! Zv e‡j Avgiv wKš‘ Mv‡Q P‡o wbqg f½ Kwi bvB| cuvwP‡j D‡V Bu`y‡ii g‡Zv Rvj †K‡U wjPz †c‡owQ| †nWwg‡÷ª‡mi iæ‡g WvK co‡Z †Rivi gy‡L ejjvgI †m-K_v| gv‡qi ¯‹zj-evÜex †Zv _, †Uwe‡j Kv‡Vi iæjvi bvwg‡q ev”Pv‡g‡qi g‡Zv wLjwLwj‡q nvm‡Z jvM‡jb| Avwg we`¨vgqx‡Z `yeQi c‡o 1940 mv‡j g¨vwUªK cvk Kwi| ILv‡b Mvj©m MvB‡WiI m`m¨ wQjvg| GKRb †ggmv‡ne Avm‡Zb Avgv‡`i dvBbvj cixÿv wb‡Z| GKw`b A¨v‡mgweø †k‡l P‡j †Mjvg ¯‹zj gv‡Vi †klcÖv‡šÍi K…òP‚ovi Zjvq| wKs‡qi GwdwR R¡vjvjvg| †mwU wi‡cv‡U©W n‡q †M‡j Kj¨vYx †Nvl bv‡gi †bÎx‡Mv‡Qi †g‡qwU‡K ivmwU‡KU Kiv nq| evwKiv ÿgv †P‡q m‡½ m‡½ Qvov cvB| gvgvi g‡ZvB Avgvi Ae¯’v Avi wK| GLb g‡b nq, gvgv †m-mgq Lye wmwbKvj n‡q c‡owQ‡jb| gv‡K Kzô wbeviY mwgwZ †_‡K wdi‡Z †`L‡j ej‡Zb, ÔG wK, Zzwg gv¯‹ c‡ivwb! †Zvgvi nv‡Z `¯Ívbv KB?Õ KL‡bv-ev ÔKzô‡ivMx‡`i g‡Zv †Zvgvi †Zv P‡Ui emb nIqvi K_v, LÏi †Kb?Õ e‡j wUUwKwi w`‡Zb gvgv| gv wKQy ej‡Zb bv| g„`y †n‡m Kvco Qvo‡Z N‡i P‡j †h‡Zb| nv‡Zi bL j¤^v n‡Z w`‡Zb gvgv| j¤^v n‡Z n‡Z b‡Li gv_v¸‡jv ¯Œz WªvBfv‡ii g‡Zv †cuwP‡q †hZ| ej‡Zb, Ô†evgv evbve bv cÖwZÁv K‡iwQ| mv‡ne‡`i b‡L AuvPove bv Ñ Zv †Zv ewj bvB!Õ †mB j¤^v bL w`‡q A‡bKÿY a‡i fvZ gvL‡Zb, evev-gv‡qi gy‡LvgywL †Uwe‡j e‡m| evwU †_‡K PvgP w`‡q ZiKvwi †Zvjv‡K ej‡Zb mv‡nwecbv| gvQ ev cuvVvi gvs‡m Zuv‡K kKz‡bi g‡Zv bL `vev‡Z Avwg wb‡Ri †Pv‡LB †`‡LwQ| ZLb †Zv †Uwej †_‡K evwU miv‡Zb bv Avgvi gv jxjveZx! KjKvZvq `v`vi MwZwewa Lye mvgvb¨B Rvbv wQj gv‡qi| evev hv UvKv-Kwo cvVv‡Zb, `v`v †ewn‡mwe wQj e‡j Zv w`‡q gvm PjZ bv| †k‡li UvbvUvwbi w`b¸‡jv‡Z cvK© mvK©v‡mi †nv‡Uj †_‡K m¯Ívq wed Pvc wK‡b †LZ| †mB Pvc gymwjg eveywP©i nv‡ZB †Zv ˆZwi, bvwK? †mw`b wPwV co‡Z co‡Z gv‡K Gfv‡e Pzj‡Piv wePvi KiwQjvg| AvR fve‡Z AevK jv‡M Kx K‡i cvijvg, hLb Zuvi GKgvÎ †Q‡j wb‡LuvR, hLb Zuv‡K GKvB †e‡iv‡Z n‡”Q †Q‡ji †Luv‡R! Avwg cvwU©i ÷z‡W›U DBs‡qi Kv‡R †MŠnvwU-†MvjvNvU†RvonvU Uz¨i KiwQ| Riæwi gvgjvi Kv‡R evev gwYcy‡i| `v`vi wb‡LuvR msev‡` Avgiv `yRb mvov w`Bwb| hvi hvi KvRKg© K‡i †MwQ| fve‡Z cvwiwb e¨vcviUv KZ †NviZi| gvI g‡b K‡iwQ‡jb Ñ wb‡ivi P‡j hvIqvi KviY, Ii eÜzi cÖwZ Zuvi AvPiY h_vh_ wQj bv| ZvB wPwVi fvlvUv wQj GKRb AbyZ‡ßi, †hb hvR‡Ki mvg‡b Kb‡dk‡bi mvwR Ly‡j e‡m‡Qb| AvwgI `~‡i e‡m wPwV co‡Z co‡Z wR‡e kvb w`w”Qjvg| ZLbKvi w`‡b KwgDwb÷ nIqv ag©všÍ‡iiB g‡Zv Ñ wbwl× Lvevi †L‡q, RvZ †g‡i hvi cixÿv ïiæ| †m-Ae¯’vq gv‡qi GZUv evovevwo †Kvb KwgDwb÷ †g‡q mn¨ Ki‡e? r (Pj‡e)

125


KweZvq ¯’vb, Kvj I †`n nvmvb †di‡`Šm

Ôdv

Bbvj †cv‡qg di w` ewWÕ Ñ GB bv‡g GKwU KweZvi cv`UxKv wn‡m‡e wiwK j‡iw›Um GKwU Avðh© gšÍe¨ K‡iwQ‡jb, Ô†Zgb w`b `~‡i bq hLb fvlv Avi h‡_ó e‡j g‡b n‡e bv|Õ 2005 mv‡j jyBwRqvbvi wjD Aiwj‡Ý GK fqven eb¨vq cy‡iv kni Wz‡e hvq, nvRvi-nvRvi gvbyl M„nnviv nq, nZvnZ Ggb gvby‡li msL¨v K‡qK nvRvi Qvwo‡q hvq| †mB fqven `y‡h©v‡Mi AwfÁZv gv_vq †i‡L wiwK Zuvi KweZvwU wj‡LwQ‡jb| cv`UxKvq Zuvi gšÍe¨ wQj, GB †h cÖvK…wZK A_ev A¯^vfvweK `y‡h©vM, Zvi Rb¨ Avgiv mevB Kg‡ewk `vqx| ÔGKmgq Avgvi Kv‡Q hv wQj me‡P‡q w¯’wZkxj wRwbm, †hgb †h Rj Avgiv cvb Kwi I hv Avgv‡K †aŠZ K‡i, †h evZvm Avwg wbk¦v‡m f‡i wbB, †h gvwU‡Z Avwg nuvwU Ges hv Avgvi Rb¨ km¨ djvq, Zv Avi w¯’wZkxj bq|Õ GB iƒcvšÍi‡K wb‡Ri †`‡ni m‡½ Zzjbv K‡i wiwK wj‡LwQ‡jb, Ô†h †`n‡K Avwg wPwb, wKš‘ †m GLb cxovMÖ¯Í|Õ wZwb cvVK‡`i Kv‡Q Aby‡iva †i‡LwQ‡jb, KweZv¸‡jv cov †kl n‡j `qv K‡i hvi-hvi wb‡Ri nvwZqvi Zz‡j wbb, †ewi‡q co–b, hy‡× bvgyb| gvby‡li `y‡f©vM I †e`bv eY©bvq fvlv KL‡bvB h‡_ó bq|

126

ïay fvlvq †m-AwfÁZvi cybiæ×vi m¤¢e bq, †m-Kvi‡Y Kwe‡K AvkÖq wb‡Z nq cÖZx‡Ki kw³‡Z| Zvi m‡½ hy³ Ki‡Z nq Kíbvi ¯^vaxbZv‡K| †h‡nZz †e`bvi GB cÖKvk AwZ e¨w³MZ, cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q Zv †cuŠQvq wfbœ-wfbœ Aveµc‡_, hvi-hvi wbR¯^ Mev¶ AbymiY K‡i| Gi d‡j AvaywbK KweZvi Av‡e`b nq‡Zv msKxY© n‡q G‡m‡Q, K‡g G‡m‡Q cvV‡Ki msL¨v, wKš‘ KweZv wb‡R n‡q‡Q `y`©všÍ ¶gZvevb| MÖvbvBU cv_‡ii g‡Zv Awebvkx, avegvb R‡jv”Q¡v‡mi g‡Zv Zxeª, A_P mܨvi AvKv‡k m`¨ †R‡MIVv †R¨vrmœvi g‡Zv †Kvgj| †m-Kvi‡YB, wKQyUv wK¬‡k †kvbv‡jI, Ôe¨w³MZÕi g‡Zv cweÎ Avi wKQy †bB| fvlv †Kb h‡_ó bq †m-K_v †evSvi Rb¨ wiwKi ÔdvBbvj †cv‡qg di w` ewWÕ KweZvwUi LÐvsk ÔG UvBg Bb AvM÷Õ‡K AbymiY Kiv hvK : bv, R‡jv”Q¡vm bq, Zuvi wbg©g So A_ev eb¨vI bq Ñ Avwg ejwQ †m R‡jv”Q¡v‡mi ¯§„wZi K_v; †mB K_v hLb Rj Abyaveb Kij MÖngЇj †Kv_vq Zvi ¯’vb hLb †m MÖvm Kij Avgv‡`i moK, evmfeb


I D`¨vb| hLb †m Rvbv‡jv GKmgq GBmeB Zvi wQj, G wQj ZviB hvÎvc_ Zvici Rjf‚wg cybwb©wg©Z n‡jv, †hgb GKRb igYx Î¯Í m‡i hvq Zvi †Pbvc_ †_‡K| GB igYx GKRb gvZv| Zvi cyÎ fxZ, gv‡qi †`Iqv dzjwU Zvi nv‡Z k³ K‡i aiv| gv e‡j, evQv, GB dzj hLb †f‡m hv‡e, ZzwgI fvm‡e Zvi nv‡Z k³ K‡i aiv gv‡qi †`Iqv fvjyK-cyZzj| gv e‡j, GB cyZzj...| Zvici NUj †mB NUbv| dzj S‡i †Mj, Zvi fvjyK-cyZzj kvšÍfv‡e Nywg‡q _vKj (†m RxešÍ, GK_v KL‡bv Rvbvi cÖ‡qvRbB wQj bv) †Q‡jwUi †PvL †P‡U †`Iqv gv‡e©j cv_‡ii g‡Zv †mLv‡bB Zvi †`n| Gfv‡eB †Zv ¯§„wZi AvMgb N‡U, †hfv‡e N‡UwQj †mB gv‡qi Mjvi ¯^‡i : Î¯Í A_P Mfxi AbymÜvbx Zvi Mjvi ¯^‡i Amnbxq GK Av‡jv, mvbybq cÖ‡kœ DwØMœ †m : †Zvgiv †KD †`‡LQ Avgvi mšÍvb‡K †KD wK †`‡LQ? GB cÖ‡kœi Dˇii †Kv‡bv fvlv †Zvgvi Rvbv †bB, ZeyI DËi †Zvgv‡K w`‡ZB n‡e| wiwKi GB KweZv wQj KweZv‡K mv¶¨fvl¨ wn‡m‡e e¨env‡ii cÖwZev` wn‡m‡e| K¨vwUªbvi gnv`y‡h©v‡Mi ci mevB‡K ÔwfKwUgÕ wn‡m‡e wPwýZ K‡i KweZv †jLvi wnwoK c‡o wM‡qwQj, AwaKvsk e¨w³MZ Møvwb‡eva †_‡K †jLv, Zv‡Z wQj bv †Kv‡bv cÖK…Z msnwZ †eva| GB `y‡h©v‡Mi †cQ‡b †h mevi †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv f‚wgKv wQj, ZviI †Kv‡bv ¯^xK…wZ wQj bv| †Kv‡bv `y‡h©v‡Mi eY©bvq †m NUbvi †`n †_‡K wb‡R‡K wehy³ K‡i KweZv iPbvq evnv`ywi _vK‡Z cv‡i; wKš‘ Zv‡Z mZZv †bB| wiwK wj‡L‡Qb, K¨vwUªbvi ci KweZv †jLv Zvi c‡¶ Am¤¢e wQj, KviY Ggb †Kv‡bv fvlv wQj bv hvi mvnv‡h¨ †mB `y‡h©v‡M Zvi e¨w³MZ cÖwZwµqv wjwce× Kiv m¤¢e| wiwK j‡iw›U‡mi eqm gvÎ 27, jyBwRqvbvi wbD Aiwj‡Ý Zuvi Rb¥, †m-gvwUi Av`ª©, †bvbZv I K…ò †kvwbZ Zuvi KweZv‡K GKwU m¤ú~Y© wbR¯^Zv †`q| ¯’vb I Kv‡ji GB wbR¯^Zv †ev‡ai †fZi ¯’vwcZ bv n‡j wiwKi KweZvi ¯^v` cy‡ivcywi cvIqv Kvh©Z Am¤¢e| Zuvi m`¨ cÖKvwkZ Kve¨MÖš’ eq DB_ _b© co‡Z G‡m Avgv‡K cÖ_‡gB †m-Amyweavi †gvKvwejv Ki‡Z n‡jv| wØZxq P¨v‡jÄ wQj Zuvi wbR¯^ Kve¨fvlvi m‡½ mgfvi AR©b, Zv‡K AbycÖ‡ek‡hvM¨ GKwU gva¨g wn‡m‡e Avwe®‹vi| GB KvRwU we‡klfv‡e KwVb, KviY GB Kwei KweZvq Zuvi wb‡Ri kixi GKwU cybive„Ë Dcv`vb, d‡j Zv AwZ e¨w³MZ I mvs‡KwZKZvq Ave„Z| hLb Avgv‡`i GB Z_¨wUi m‡½ cwiPq nq †h, wiwK GKB m‡½ GKRb Avwd«Kvb-Av‡gwiKvb I mgKvgx Ges wZwb wbD Aiwj‡Ýi mšÍvb, ZLb KweZvq †`‡ni Dcw¯’wZ I Zvi cybive„wË Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q mnRMg¨ n‡q I‡V| Zvi ¯’vb I Kvj Avi inm¨gq _v‡K bv| GiB g‡a¨ Kwe wn‡m‡e wewfbœ cyi¯‹v‡i f‚wlZ n‡jI eq

DB_ _b© wiwK j‡iw›U‡mi cÖKvwkZ cÖ_g Kve¨MÖš’| GK msw¶ß f‚wgKvq gvwK©b Kwe †U‡iÝ †nvqvBU Avgv‡`i awi‡q w`‡q‡Qb wiwKi KweZvi wbR¯^Zv †Kv_vq| ÔZuvi KweZv Avgv‡`i g‡b Kwi‡q †`q weL¨vZ ¯’cwZ d«v¼ j‡qW ivB‡Ui cÖengvb R‡ji Ici cv_‡i wbwg©Z dwjs IqvUvi bv‡gi †mB evwowUi K_v| †mB ¯’vcZ¨K‡g©i g‡Zv GB KweZv GKw`‡K `ªe A_P wbR kw³‡Z Av¯’vevb| †m cv‡i †fZi I evwn‡ii RMr‡K mgwš^Z Ki‡Z, KviY †m GKB m‡½ †jŠwKK I wfbœ‡K›`ªx evMavivq mg„×, †m D×Z I webqx|Õ †nBm g‡b K‡ib, wiwKi KweZvq wb‡MÖv mgKvgx Kwe †Rgm eìDBb I weªwUk Kwe WweøD GBP A‡W‡bi cÖfve i‡q‡Q, hw`I Zuv‡`i cÖfve cÖ”Qbœ bq Ñ Aj¶¨| eìDB‡bi KweZv Zuvi Zxÿèax e³e¨ I A‡W‡bi KweZv KvwiMwi ˆkjxi Rb¨ mycwiwPZ| Abygvb Kwi, †nBm wiwKi KweZvq GB `yB ˆewk‡ó¨i Avfvm †`‡L‡Qb| GB `yB Kwe cwiwPZ wQ‡jb Zuv‡`i cÖej ivRbxwZgb¯‹Zvi Rb¨, wiwK ZvB GK A‡_© Zuv‡`i Ñ we‡klZ eìDB‡bi Ñ †hvM¨ DËim~wi| Zuvi g‡Zv wiwKI e¨w³MZ AwfÁZvi wfwˇZ †h wbR¯^ mv¶¨fvl¨ wbg©vY K‡ib, Zv GKw`‡K mgKvjxb I me©Kvjxb| GKB m‡½ †hŠbZv, eY© I AZxw›`ªq †eva Zuvi KweZvi †K‡›`ª AvkÖq †bIqvq †h eûgyLx gvbwmK I eyw×e„wËMZ RwUjZv m„wó nq, Zv cÖKv‡k †h-fvlv wZwb e¨envi K‡ib Zv cÖej cÖZxKagx©, †mB Kvi‡Y `yiƒn| †nBm wj‡L‡Qb, cwieZ©gvb †h-Rxebmg~n wiwKi KweZvq wZwb Avwe®‹vi K‡ib, ÔZv GKB m‡½ ¯‘wZ I AvkÖ‡qi Rb¨ cybwb©wg©Z|Õ Abygvb Kwi, GB `yB wecixZgyLx Dcv`vb cÖK…Zc‡¶ wiwKi

eq DB_ _b©, †eªvÄ, wLªóc~e© cÖ_g kZvãx

127


AvZ¥i¶vi nvwZqvi, Zuvi wW‡dÝ †gKvwbRg| GKRb Kv‡jv gvbyl ¯^fveZB GB nvwZqv‡ii m‡½ cwiwPZ I Zvi e¨env‡i Af¨¯Í| †nB‡mi K_v AbymiY K‡i ej‡Z cvwi, wiwKi KweZvq GB Rxebmg~‡ni cÖKvk N‡U Mv‡bi wbgMœ g›`ªZvq I ¯§„wZi †gLjv welYœZvq| Gevi wiwKi KweZvi w`‡K bRi †`Iqv hvK, KviY Kwe‡K eyS‡Z n‡j GQvov wfbœ †Kv‡bv c_ †bB| ÔAd w` wjfm `¨vU n¨vf d‡jbÕ GB bv‡gi GKwU KweZvq wiwK gWvwb©÷ gvwK©b Kwe Iqv‡jm w÷‡f‡Ýi GKwU KweZvi wk‡ivbvg e¨envi K‡i‡Qb m~Pbv-D×…wZ wn‡m‡e : jvBK †W‡Kv‡ikbm Bb A¨v wb‡MÖv‡m‡gUvwi|Õ †hb †Kv‡bv wb‡MÖvmgvwa‡¶‡Îi AjsKiY| w÷‡f‡Ýi GB weL¨vZ KweZvwU g„Zz¨ I giY wel‡q GKwU AmvaviY Ava¨vb ev †gwW‡Ukb| g„Zz¨ Awbevh© Ges g„Zz¨i ci Avi wKQy †bB Ñ k~b¨Zv Qvov, GB Abyf‚wZi fvev‡eMwenxb wbwj©ß Abyaveb GB Ava¨v‡bi welq| wb‡MÖvmgvwa‡¶‡Îi K_v wk‡ivbv‡g _vK‡jI †Kv‡bv K…òKv‡qi K_v GB KweZvq †bB| `w¶‡Yi cUf‚wg‡Z iwPZ GB KweZvq wb‡MÖv AwfÁZv D”PvwiZ n‡jI w÷‡fÝ Kxfv‡e K…ò-Rxe‡bi cÖwZ GZUv AeÁv †`Lv‡Z cv‡ib, j‡iw›U‡mi KweZv †mB cÖ‡kœi weKí Ava¨vb| Kíbvi †Kv‡bv †iv`gvLv w`b †bB, w÷‡fÝ Iqv‡j‡mi g‡Zv AvwgI Rvwb, K…ò Auvavi eo wbôzi Avwg Mvb MvB| Avwg Kuvw`| cÖwZ iv‡Z fxZ¯^‡cœ Avwg †`wL †mBme †`n, Db¥Ë RbZvi nv‡Z hviv wbnZ, Zviv GL‡bv fve‡Z Rv‡b †Kv‡bv wKQzB P‚ovšÍ bq, †m-K_v AvwgI ï‡bwQ| †kl †KDB †`L‡Z cv‡e bv wKš‘ Zv‡`i, Avgvi RbK‡`i, wRnŸvi g‡Zv Zz‡j wb‡q †djv nq Av¸‡b| K…ò Auvav‡i c_ Lyu‡R †c‡Z n‡j †Zvgv‡K Kvb †c‡Z ïb‡Z n‡e, Aek¨B ïb‡Z n‡e K…ò evZvm, Mv‡Q AvNvZ jvMv evZvm, Mv‡Qi meyR e¨¯ÍZvq aŸwb‡Zvjv cvwL Wz‡e †h‡Z-†h‡Z cÖej DËv‡c AvU‡K †_‡K, Zvi †PvL I wkiv hLb †d‡U c‡o hLb †m Ck¦‡ii K…cv cÖv_©bv K‡i e‡j nv, Ck¦i, Avgv‡K E‡aŸ© †Kv_vI wb‡q P‡jv ïay ZLb Avwg mwVK Dcjwä Kwi GB wbkvi Av‡qvRb wewPÎ bvbv evmbvi Rb¨| e¯‘Z ïay ÔWvK©Õ Ñ GB kã e¨envi K‡i j‡iw›Um GKRb wb‡MÖvi Rxeb I Zvi g„Zz¨‡K AÜKvi I wbkx‡_i m‡½ Zzjbv K‡i‡Qb| w÷‡fÝ Kx K‡i †m-Rxeb Ñ A_ev g„Zz¨i Ñ K_v eyS‡eb hvi m‡½ Zuvi †Kv‡bv cwiPq †bB, †h-RxebvwfÁZvi wZwb Askx`vi bb! GB Kve¨MÖ‡š’i †Kv_vI j‡iw›Um GK_v †Mvcb K‡ib bv †h, wZwb `y`©kvMÖ¯Í `w¶Y †_‡K G‡m‡Qb, Ges wZwb GKRb K…òKvq I mgKvgx| mvaviYfv‡e GB cÖwZwU kvixwiK AwfÁZv †h-†Kv‡bv Kv‡jv gvby‡li Rb¨ ˆelg¨ I `y‡f©v‡Mi KviY n‡Z cv‡i, wKš‘ GB MÖ‡š’ j‡iw›Um †mB cÖwZwU cwiPq‡K D`&hvc‡bi Drm wn‡m‡e Avgš¿Y Rvwb‡q‡Qb| m¤¢eZ †m-Kvi‡Y wZwb wb‡R‡K eìDB‡bi m‡½ Zzjbv K‡i‡Qb| †mB wb‡MÖv KweI

128

mgKvgx I Avwd«Kvb-Av‡gwiKvb cwiPq‡K jyKv‡bvi e`‡j Zv‡`i Ô†mwj‡eªUÕ Kivi K_v e‡jwQ‡jb| GK mv¶vrKv‡i j‡iw›Um hyw³ †`wL‡q‡Qb, GBme wfbœ-wfbœ AvZ¥cwiPq Kv‡iv Kv‡iv Rb¨ cÖwZeÜKZv m„wó Ki‡Z cv‡i Zv‡Z m‡›`n †bB, wKš‘ Zv Avevi GKB m‡½ cÖej iKg Djøvmgq gyw³i †LuvR w`‡Z cv‡i| j‡iw›U‡mi K_vq, e¨vcviUv A‡bKUv m‡bU †jLvi g‡Zv| bvbv wbq‡gi k„•L‡j Ave× m‡bU, wKš‘ †mB wbqge×Zvi †fZi w`‡q Mgb‡k‡l †h-KweZvi Rb¥ nq, Zv we¯§qKi my›`i| MÖ‡š’i bvg KweZv Ôeq DB_ _b©Õ-G j‡iw›Um GKRb Avwd«Kvb-Av‡gwiKvb mgKvgx e¨w³i GB msKU I D×v‡ii weiæ× †PZbvi cÖkœwU †Lvjv‡Pv‡L †`‡L‡Qb| ÔKÈK I evjKÕ KweZvwUi m~Î wLªóc~e© cÖ_g kZvãxi GKwU †eªvÄ fv¯‹h©, Nb K…ò GKwU evjK GLv‡b Zvi cv‡qi cvZv †_‡K kvšÍfv‡e KuvUv Zzj‡Q| j‡iw›Um cv`UxKvq g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡q‡Qb, †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †k¦ZKv‡qi †Pv‡L fv¯‹h©wU Kv‡jv gvby‡li e¨_v m‡n¨i Acwimxg kw³i cÖZxK| j‡iw›U‡mi cÖkœ, mwZ¨ wK Kv‡jv gvby‡li †e`bv m‡n¨i ¶gZv Acwimxg, A_ev †m †e`bv-EaŸ©? †m-K_v GZ wbwðZ n‡q †KD e‡j Kxfv‡e? Zviv †KD wK †m-†e`bvi m‡½ Av‡`Š cwiwPZ? G-cÖ‡kœi DËi wn‡m‡eB ÔKÈK I evjKÕ KweZvwU wjwLZ| †gvU 29wU GK †_‡K Pvi ev‡K¨i ¯Íe‡K wef³ KweZvwU Kv‡jv gvby‡li Ici kZ-kZ el© a‡i †h-Drcxob n‡q‡Q, j‡iw›U‡mi wb‡Ri K_vq, ZviB GKwU Ava¨vb| Zvi Askwe‡k‡li cÖwZ g‡bv‡hvM †`Iqv hvK| 6| †m wK †`L‡Z LyeB KzrwmZ wQj? ZeyI Zvi w`‡K wb‡`©wkZ wQj `„wó| 7| Zvi †Lvw`Zgy‡L wQj mZK©Zv| †m-gyL †hb GKwU DËiwenxb cÖkœ| 10| Zvi †`‡n wK Av‡M †_‡KB †Kv‡bv KuvUv Xz‡K wQj? Zvi †Pv‡Li `„wó| Qvqv hLb m‡i hvq I Qwo‡q c‡o, †m †Kb ZLb me‡P‡q Zxeª? 11| Avwg evievi wd‡i hvB †mB KuvUvwU‡Z, †m †hb GKwU wefvMwPý, GKwU AuvwKeywK, hvi Kvi‡Y Zvi †`‡ni Rjvf‚wgmg~n ¶gv cvq I wbwl× n‡q I‡V| 1| wnsmªZv †Zvgvi PvB| wnsmªZv Zzwg niY K‡i jyKv‡e wbR †`‡ni Af¨šÍ‡i| j‡iw›Um GB cÖvPxb fv¯‹‡h©i Avav‡i Lyu‡R wb‡q‡Qb nvRvi eQi a‡i GK mf¨Zv †_‡K Av‡iK mf¨Zvq Kv‡jv gvby‡li Ici †k¦Z mš¿vmev`xiv †h-mwnsmZv Pvwc‡q w`‡q‡Q, Zv‡`i| GLv‡b Zviv mevB GK A`„k¨ wePv‡ii KvVMovq `Ðvqgvb| Abygvb Kwi, mnmª eQ‡i †mB †k¦Z wnsmªZvi weiæ‡× cÖwZ‡kva MÖnY j‡iw›U‡mi j¶¨ bq, e¯‘Z †m-cÖwZ‡kv‡ai cÖ‡qvRb Zvi †bB| KviY wZwb Rv‡bb †e`bv‡K aviY K‡i bxjKÉ n‡q‡Q †h-K…òevjK, mKj †k¦Z gvby‡li †P‡q A‡bK e„nr †m| †k¦Z gvby‡li wnsmªZv‡K †m niY K‡i wbR †`‡n aviY K‡i, wKš‘ ek¨Zv ¯^xKvi K‡i bv| †e`bvi †Kv‡bv gvbwPÎ †bB, Ggb †Kv‡bv fvlvI †bB †h †e`bv‡K KÉ w`‡Z cv‡i| wiwK j‡iw›U‡mi GB kxY©Kvq A_P AmvaviY Kve¨MÖš’wU cvV K‡i Avwg G-K_vq wbwðZ †h, GKgvÎ KweZvB cv‡i †m-†e`bvi me©v‡c¶v wbKUeZx© cÖKvk wbg©vY Ki‡Z| eq DB_ _b©, wiwK j‡iw›Um, BDwbfvwm©wU Ad wcUmevM© †cÖm, 2015| r


BwZnv‡mi DcKiY Zcb evMPx

gxi gkviid †nv‡mb : AcÖKvwkZ Wv‡qwi msKjb, m¤úv`bv I f‚wgKv Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayix cvVK mgv‡ek 559 UvKv

g

bbmvwn‡Z¨i avivq Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayixi wewPÎgyLx Ae`vb GLb †`‡k-we‡`‡k mgvb ¯^xK…Z| ˆK‡kv‡i KweZvPP©vi gva¨‡g m„Rbmvwn‡Z¨ wb‡Ri cÖwZfvi ¯^vÿi ivL‡jI µ‡g wZwb m‡i G‡m‡Qb M‡elYv I cÖeÜ iPbvi we¯ÍxY© †ÿ‡Î| GK_v wVK †h, KweZvPP©vq w¯’Z _vK‡j mˇii `k‡Ki KweZv ZvwjKvq wZwb mvg‡bi KvZv‡iB _vK‡Zb; wKš‘ wZwb wb‡Ri †Lqv‡jB P‡j †M‡jb evOvwji wPšÍvi RMr‡K mg„× Ki‡Z| Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨-BwZnvm-†jvKms¯‹w… Zi RM‡Z wZwb bZzb DcKiY D×vi, ms‡hvRb Ges we‡kølY K‡i RvwZMZ †h-DcKvi mvab Ki‡jb, Zv‡Z g‡b n‡”Q wZwb ïiæ‡ZB wb‡Ri c_wU wPb‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| KweZvi gZ m„Rbkxj RM‡Z †_‡KI Ave`yj Kvw`i, ˆmq` Avjx Avnmvb, nvmvb nvwdRyi ingvb, †gvnv¤§` gwbiæ¾vgvb, Avey †nbv †gv¯Ídv Kvgvj, wRqv nvq`vi, wRjøyi ingvb wmwÏKx, Ave`yj gvbœvb ˆmq`,

gvneye mvw`K, ûgvqyb AvRv` †hgb gbbkxj mvwnZ¨‡K GwM‡q wb‡q †M‡Qb, †Zgwb GKB avivevwnKZvi mšÍvb Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayix| wZwb †Kej cÖeÜ iPbv K‡iB ÿvšÍ _v‡Kbwb, wbZ¨bZzb Z_¨, `wjj, AcÖKvwkZ iPbv, wPwVcÎ, Wv‡qwi D×vi K‡i evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i Ag~j¨ fvÐvi‡K µgk c~Y©Zvi w`‡K GwM‡q wb‡q P‡j‡Qb| kÖgmva¨ Ges AwePj wbôvi GB M‡elYvi mv¤úªwZK ms‡hvRb gxi gkviid †nv‡mb : AcÖKvwkZ Wv‡qwi| Wv‡qwi-gvÎB ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| Zv hw` nq kZvwaK e‡l©i Av‡Mi †Kv‡bv iPbv, Z‡e Zvi HwZnvwmK ¸iæZ¡ Av‡iv †e‡o hvq| Avi Zv hw` nq gxi gkviid †nv‡m‡bi gZ KvjRqx mvwnwZ¨‡Ki Wv‡qwi, Z‡e Zv †h KZUv Riæwi welq, Zv cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ we‡klY Luy‡R cvIqv `y®‹i| evOvwj gymjgv‡bi g‡a¨ AMÖMY¨ †jLKB †Kej bb, Dwbk kZ‡K Avwef~©Z †jLK‡`i g‡a¨ eûgvwÎK me¨mvPx †jLK wQ‡jb gxi gkviid †nv‡mb| GB gvbylwUi iPbv cwigv‡Y Ges ¸‡Y mg‡qi wePv‡i h‡_ó GwM‡q| Zuvi mg‡q KweZv-Mí †jLv wKsev wPšÍvkxj cÖeÜ cÖPvi Kivi gvbyl nq‡Zv Av‡iv A‡b‡KB wQ‡jb, wKš‘ wb‡Ri Rxe‡bi ˆ`bw›`b K_KZv I mvaviY NUbv‡K ZvwiL-m‡gZ wj‡L ivLvi gZ wPšÍv Ges Zvi ev¯Íevq‡bi mvnmx gvbyl Lye KgB| mvn‡mi K_v ejwQ GB Kvi‡Y †h ˆ`bw›`b NUbvq Rxe‡bi `ytL-†e`bvi Kvwnwb _v‡K, gvbweK `ye©jZvi cÖKvk _v‡K, mgvRMÖvn¨ AvPv‡ii evB‡ii welq _v‡K, Zv ûeû cÖKv‡k ey‡Ki cvUv jv‡M| gxi gkviid †nv‡m‡bi ey‡Ki cÖk¯Í cvUvi cwiPq cvIqv hv‡e GB Wv‡qwi‡Z| †mwU Zz‡j G‡b gkvii‡di ïay bq, evOvwj gymjgv‡bi Av‡iKwU cwiPq mvg‡b Avb‡jb m¤úv`K| Ggb GKwU gnvN© D×vi KivUvB eo K…wZ‡Z¡i e¨vcvi| Zuvi m‡½ hy³ n‡q‡Q Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayixm¤úv`bvi gyb&wkqvbv| cy‡iv Wv‡qwiUv D×v‡ii K…wZZ¡ m¤úv`‡Ki bq, †MŠi‡ei m‡½ wZwb Zv Ôwb‡e`‡bÕ Rvwb‡q‡Qb, Ôgkvii‡di GBme g~j¨evb AcÖKvwkZAMÖw_Z iPbv I Wv‡qwii wKQy Ask †jvKPÿzi AšÍivj †_‡K D×v‡ii K…wZZ¡ Aa¨vcK Avjx Avng`, Aa¨vcK kvgmy¾vgvb Lvb Ges wKQy cwigv‡Y eZ©gvb Wv‡qwi-msKj‡KiÕ| AvRKvj

AšÍ‡ii K…ZÁZv †Zv `~‡ii K_v GBUzKz †mŠRb¨-Dw³I A‡bK M‡elK‡K cwinvi Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq| wKš‘ eZ©gvb msKjK Zuv‡`i †_‡K eiveiB Avjv`v| GB ai‡bi `yiƒn KvR †h GKw`‡b ev GKvi c‡ÿ m¤¢eci bq, Zv cvVKgvÎB †ev‡Sb| wKš‘ Zvi †cQ‡bi gvbyl‡`i bvgI nq‡Zv †KD Rv‡bb bv| msKjK-m¤úv`‡Ki DwPZ K…ZÁwP‡Ë Zv ¯^xKvi Kiv| cÖwZwU Kv‡Ri †ÿ‡Î Avgiv Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayix‡K GB J`vh© cÖKvk Ki‡Z †`wL| Zv‡Z Zuvi ü`‡qi wekvjZv †hgb cÖKvwkZ nq, †Zgwb cvV‡Ki g‡bi wek¦vmI e„w× cvq| msKjK Rvwb‡q‡Qb, gkvii‡di †jLv bvbvb wel‡qi K‡qKwU Lmov-LvZv †_‡K GB Wv‡qwii Ask msMÖn Kiv n‡q‡Q| †m¸‡jv‡K Kvjµ‡g mvwR‡q GB Wv‡qwi AvKvi wbg©vY Kiv n‡q‡Q| msKj‡Ki fvlvq, Ôevbv‡bi ARmª AcÖZ¨vwkZ Aïw× AweKj ivLv n‡q‡Q| `y®úvV¨ ev wQbœ Ask ewR©Z n‡q‡Q hvi wb‡`©k wgj‡e Z…Zxq eÜbxi g‡a¨ Ñ Avevi `y‡e©va¨ ev A¯úó As‡ki kã-kãvewj ev evK¨vs‡ki m¤¢ve¨ cvVI cvIqv hv‡e IB Z…Zxq eÜbxi g‡a¨B|Õ A_©vr gkvii‡di wbR¯^ evbvb-evK¨ h_vh_ †i‡L Zvi Ae¯’vb‡K Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| G‡Z gkviid-gvbm wePv‡iI mnRZi n‡e| m¤úv`K †mB KvRwUB K‡i‡Qb| GB MÖ‡š’i GKwU `xN© f~wgKv i‡q‡Q| Zv‡Z gkvii‡di e¨w³cwiPq, mvwnwZ¨K-cwiPq Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| Gi d‡j gxi gkvii‡di wPšÍvaviv eyS‡Z mnR n‡Z cv‡i| Wv‡qwi‡Z wea„Z gkvii‡di Rxe‡bi bvbvb Abyl½ e¨vL¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q GB As‡k| GB Wv‡qwii g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z wM‡q Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayix h_vh_ cÖÁvi cwiPq w`‡q‡Qb| Wv‡qwi-cv‡Vi cÖwZwµqv †_‡K Gi wKQy ˆewkó¨ wZwb nvwRi K‡i‡Qb| gxi gkvii‡di Wv‡qwi AvMv‡Mvov wbQKB w`bhvc‡bi AvU‡cŠ‡i mvaviY weeiY bq| Wv‡qwi †jLv‡K wZwb cÖvq wbZ¨K‡g©i AšÍM©Z we‡ePbv Ki‡Zb| gkvii‡di Wv‡qwii †Kv‡bv-†Kv‡bv As‡ki m‡½ Kzjmy‡gi Wv‡qwi wgwj‡q co‡j †ek †evSv hvq, Rxe‡bi †klc‡e© Zuv‡`i `v¤úZ¨ m¤ú‡K© wPo a‡iwQj|

129


cÖ_g ¯¿x AvRxRb& †bmvi K_v nxbfv‡e wPwÎZ n‡q‡Q gkvii‡di AvZ¥Rxebx I Kzjmy‡gi ¯§„wZPP©vq| Wv‡qwi‡ZI IB GKB my‡i †M‡q‡Qb wZwb| wØZxq ¯¿x wewe Kzjmy‡gi m‡½ gkvii‡di m¤úK© wQj †gN I †ivÏy‡ii g‡Zv Ñ AvKl©Y-weKl©Y, AbyivM-weivM, Avmw³-weiw³i Uvbvc‡o‡b `yR‡bi Rxeb AwZevwnZ n‡q‡Q| gx‡ii Wv‡qwi‡Z Zuvi wb‡Ri Afve-AbU‡b hZ Kvwnj I wech©q n‡q‡Qb, ZZ Zuvi m„wóKZ©vi cÖwZ AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi g‡bvfve Zxeª n‡q‡Q| A_©Kó gkvii‡di Rxeb‡K KZLvwb ch©`y ¯Í I KvZi K‡iwQj Zvi AKcU eY©bv †g‡j Zuvi Wv‡qwi‡Z| gkvii‡di cwiev‡i cÖvq ev‡ivgvmB AmyL-wemyL †j‡M _vKZ| bvbv mgm¨v-msK‡Ui g‡a¨I mvwnZ¨PP©vq G‡Kev‡i †Q` c‡owb| GZ wec`-Avc‡`I AšÍ‡ii ZvwM‡` Wv‡qwi †jLv Qv‡obwb| ag©-eY©wbwe©‡k‡l nZ`wi`ª `y¯’ gvby‡li cÖwZ gkviid wb‡Ri Afve-AbUb m‡Ë¡I mvnv‡h¨i nvZ evwo‡q w`‡q‡Qb| `xN©Kvj a‡i Afve-AbUb _vK‡jI, RxweKvi †Kv‡bv Dcvq Ki‡Z bv cvi‡jI gkvii‡di mšÍvb-Drcv`‡bi AvMÖn KL‡bv nªvm cvqwb| Wv‡qwi‡Z LyeB e¨w³MZ I †Mvcb K_vI wj‡L †M‡Qb gkviid| evbvb m¤ú‡K© gkviid h‡_ó mZK© m‡PZb I wkwÿZ wQ‡jb bv| wKQy-wKQy †ÿ‡Î evK¨-MV‡bi ÎæwUi K_vI D‡jøL bv K‡i cviv hvq bv| GiKg gšÍe¨ †_‡K M‡el‡Ki ch©‡eÿY-m~²Zv Abygvb Kiv hvq| Wv‡qwi †_‡K gkvii‡di Ab¨ GK RxebMv_v Avwe®‹Z … n‡q‡Q| Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayixi gZ †hvM¨ gvby‡li nv‡Z c‡o‡Q e‡jB Zv m¤¢eci n‡q‡Q| KviY wZwbB gxi gkvii‡di cÖ_g mdj RxebxKvi| gxi gkviid †nv‡mb : mvwnZ¨Kg© I mgvRwPšÍv wk‡ivbv‡g M‡elYv K‡i wZwb gx‡ii Rxeb Ges K‡g©i A‡bK bZzb Z_¨ Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡Qb| gkvii‡di gymjgv‡bi ev½vjv wkÿv Ges m½xZ jnix MÖš`’ wy U wZwb D×vi K‡i cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| GB Wv‡qwiI Zuvi †mB avivevwnK gkviidPP©vi dmj| evsjv‡`‡k huviv gkviidPP©v Ki‡Qb, Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayix QvovI gybxi †PŠayix, KvRx Ave`yj gvbœvb, Ave`yj jwZd †PŠayix, †gvnv¤§` Ave`yj

130

AvDqvj, Avk&ivd wmwÏKx, kvgmy¾vgvb Lvb, †gvnv¤§` Ave`yj KvBqyg, wmivRDÏxb Avn‡g`, kvšÍby Kvqmvi, †mwjg Rvnv½xi, c„_x¡ jv bvRbxb, Lv‡j` †nvmvBb, †mŠwgÎ †kLi, †`ehvbx †`-i bvg D‡jøL‡hvM¨| Gu‡`i g‡a¨ A‡b‡KB wcGBP. wW K‡i‡Qb gkvii‡di mvwnZ¨ wb‡q; wKš‘ Awfm›`‡f©i evB‡i Avi gkviidPP©vq wb‡ew`Z _v‡Kbwb| G‡Kev‡iB Dcvwajv‡fi Dcvq wn‡m‡e GB M‡elYv ZvB bZzb gvÎv †hvM K‡i bv| wKš‘ GK_v GLb ¯^xK…Z †h, Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayixB gkviidPP©vq me‡P‡q †ewk kÖg I mgq w`‡q‡Qb| wcGBP. wW M‡elYvi Av‡MB wZwb gkviidPP©vq wb‡ew`Z| †mB wb‡e`b GL‡bv Agøvb| ZvB Zuvi nv‡ZB †ewk †mvbv d‡j‡Q| gkviid wb‡q me‡P‡q †ewk KvR K‡i‡Qb wZwb, ¸iæZ¡cY~ © KvR Kivi K…wZZ¡I Zuvi| gkviid-m¤ú‡K© me‡P‡q †ewk `y®úÖvc¨ `wjj D×v‡ii K…wZZ¡I Zvi| ZvB Zuvi nv‡Z GB Wv‡qwi msKj‡bi `vwqZ¡ cvjb gkviid-AbyivMx cvVK-M‡elK‡`i Rb¨ mymsev` eBwK! Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi, gkviid cÖwZw`b Wv‡qwi †jLvi cÖwZÁv K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi fvlvq, ÔA`¨ GKUx welq w¯’i wm×všÍ Kwiqv cÖwZÁv Ave× nB‡ZwQ| A`¨ nB‡Z ˆ`wbK weeiY wbqg gZ wjwLe| m‡½ Rxebe„ËvšÍ wjwLe| †hw`b myweav nq Ñ †mBw`b Rxebe„ËvšÍ wjwLe| wKš‘ ˆ`wbK weeiY A`¨ nB‡Z cÖwZw`b bv wjwLqv wb`ªv hvBe bv| gvby‡l w¯’i cÖwZÁv Kwiqv Kvh©¨ Kwi‡Z cvwi‡e bv GwK K_vÑ wKQyB eywS bv| †Kej Avjm¨‡nZzB ˆ`wbK weeiY †jLv nq bv|Õ (KvwZ©K, 1298) Z‡e Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB †h GB cÖwZÁv iÿv Kiv m¤¢eci nqwb| †hUzKz Avgiv †c‡qwQ Zv-B AvR HwZnvwmK ¸iæZ¡ cv‡”Q| ÿwqòz Rwg`vi-cwiev‡ii mšÍvb, evOvwj gymjgvb mgv‡Ri GKRb †kÖô mvwnwZ¨K KZ †h `ytLK‡ó Rxeb KvwU‡q‡Qb Zvi weeiY i‡q‡Q GB Wv‡qwi‡Z Ñ Ôwb‡Ri fiY‡cvlY RxweKv wbeŸ©v‡n bvbv weNœ| Avgvi AbUb Ñ m”QjZv Av‡`Š bvB| fqvbK Kó| ZÎvP Ck¦i wfbœ Dcvq bvB| †mB c`B AvkÖq| Zvnvi cvi mšÍv‡bi bvbviƒc cxov Ñ KzKx AvR gvmvewa cxwoZv Ñ R¡i‡iv‡M Ñ gb fMœ Ñ A‡_©I AbUb Ñ wKiƒ‡c msmvi Pwj‡e Ñ †h PvKzix Ñ Zvnvi †eZb cvBevi Avmv bvB| Zvnvi ci 20 B Zvwi‡L mZ¨ev‡bi `yB

cv Mig R‡j cywoj Ñ A`¨ iYRx‡Zi cv †evZ‡ji Dci cwoqv fqvbK KvwU‡qv †Mj Ñ wbZ¨ 2 b~Zb wec` Dcw¯’r nB‡Z‡Q Ñ AviI †h wK nB‡e Ck¦i Rv‡bb| Pviw`‡K †Mvj‡hvM| A‡_©i AbUb Ñ Zvnvi ci †Mvj‡hvM|Õ (20 Avwk¦b, 1299) GB †h AbU‡bi weeiY, Zv ˆ`bw›`b NUbv n‡q `uvwo‡qwQj| GiKg Av‡iv weeiY cvIqv hvq Wv‡qwii wewfbœ As‡k| msKjK Rvwb‡q‡Qb †h, GZeo mvwnwZ¨‡Ki Wv‡qwi‡Z mvwn‡Z¨i †Kv‡bv Lei bvB| AvgivI ZvB cÖZ¨ÿ Kwi| Z‡e Zuvi eB †jLv, Qvcv Ges wewµi wnmve Av‡Q| Zv‡K mvwn‡Z¨i Lei wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv Ki‡Z cvwi| eB wewµi A‡_© msmv‡ii LiP Pv‡jv‡bvi `ytmn weeiY †`‡L Avgiv †e`bvq `xY© nB| gkviid wjL‡Qb, ÔA`¨ nv‡Z GKUv cqmv bvB| gvÎ `yAvUx Av`j& cqmv| Avi GKUx cqmv LyuwRqv cvBjvg bv| Ab¨ †Kvb ¯’vb nB‡Z UvKv cqmv Avmj bv Ñ GKLvwb cy¯ÍK weµx nBj bv| †Kv‡bv ¯’vb nB‡Z gwbAW©v‡ii UvKv Avwm‡Z‡Q bv A`¨ 5/6 w`b| Ck¦i wK Kwi‡eb eywS‡Z cvwi bv| ZKB Kó †`wL‡ZwQ| Gw`‡K †jvb Avwc‡mi my` 4 (Pvi) UvKv Ñ 10 B Avlvp w`‡Z nB‡e| [...] eoB j¾xZ nB‡Z nB‡Z‡Q| gyL †`LvB‡Z cvwi‡ZwQ bv| Ck¦i mnvq| †QvU 2 †Q‡jiv Avg KuvUvj Rb¨ fvwi Kv›`vKvwU Kwi‡Z‡Q Ñ nvq Ck¦i Ñ MZ etmi KZ Avg KuvUvj Kwi` nBqv‡Q| AvR GB `mv|Õ (5 Avlvp, 1300, iweevi, 18 Ryb) Av‡iKw`b wj‡L‡Qb, ÔAvgvi Ae¯’v Ñ mvsmvwiK Ae¯’v w`bw`b g›` nB‡Z‡Q Ñ †cU PvjvBevi Dcvq Avi bvB| wemv`wmay cy¯ÍK _vwK‡j Avnv‡ii Rb¨ fvweZvg bv| cy¯ÍK wZb gvm †ml nvBqv RvIqvq Ñ A_©vr mv‡eK Qvcvb cy¯ÍK mgy`vq weµq nBqv RvIqvi ci eoB Kó nBqv‡Q| Aj¼viAv`x hvnv wQj mgy`vq wMqv‡Q Ñ AvR QqUx ermi webv Dcv¾©‡b N‡ii UvKv fvw½qv LvB‡ZwQ Ñ LvIqv wfbœ Avi †Kvb Kvh©¨ bvB| UvKv Afv‡e cy¯ÍK QvcvB‡Z cvix‡ZwQ bv| AvZ¥xq¯^Rb eÜzevÜe Øviv A‡bK †Póv Kwijvg Ñ †KnB mvnvR¨ Kwi‡jb bv| Avcb åvZv Ñ wZwbI mg‡q gyL wdivBqv‡Qb Ñ c‡ii wK K_v Ñ eû K‡ó Kwi‡ZwQ| ... †QvU 2 †Q‡j‡g‡q Zvnviv hLb LvBevi Rb¨ Kvw›`‡Z 2 gyL Kvjx Kwiqv †d‡j wbZvšÍB Kó †eva nq| AvR Avi wKQyB nBj bv| GKUx UvKv


wQj Ñ ZvnvB e›`K ivwLqv PvDj 1& UvKvi Avbv nBqvwQj| Avi evRvimI`vi cqmv GKUxq bvB|... (KvwZ©K, 1304)|Õ GB †h A_©‰bwZK ˆ`‡b¨i Lei Avgiv cvw”Q, Zvi †fZi w`‡q mvwnZ¨PP©v Pvwj‡q hvIqv KZUv †h `yiƒn e¨vcvi, Zv †f‡e Avgiv wew¯§Z nB| GKw`‡bi w`bcwÄ †ek PgrKvi| Avjgvwii g‡a¨ _vKv cy¯‡Í Ki GKwU ZvwjKv wZwb w`‡q‡Qb| Zv‡Z ¯^iwPZ cy¯K Í QvovI †KviAvb kwid, myiv BDmyd, ivgvqY, gnvfviZ, whïPwiZ, kvnbvgv, fviZelx©q DcvmK m¤úª`vq, GmjvgZË¡, Abœ`vg½j, ZË¡‡Kvl, †R¨vwZl iZœvKi, eªþmsMxZ, †gvngy˜Mi, Kv½v‡ji eªþvЇe`, nRiZ gyn¤§‡`i RxebK_v, †gNbv`eaKve¨, e½fvlvi AvwZnvm, gywk©`vev` Kvwnwb, Ck¦iP‡›`ªi MÖšv’ ejx, wMwik MÖšv’ ejx, `vki_x iv‡qi MÖšv’ ejx, nwibv‡_i MÖšv’ ejx, †iqvDmmvjvwZb, ev½vwjPwiZ, û‡Zvg †cuPvi bKkv cÖfw… Z 162 wk‡ivbv‡gi cy¯‡Í Ki bvg cvIqv hvq| (18 dvêyb, 1304 g½jevi) G-†_‡K gkvii‡di cv‡Vi AvMÖ‡ni w`K kbv³ Kiv hvq| gkvii‡di mšÍvb‡`i Avmj bvg Ges WvKbvg †R‡bI wew¯§Z n‡Z nq| Zuvi mšÍvb‡`i g‡a¨ eo Kb¨v iImb Avivi WvKbvg ÔmZxÕ| GQvov Ab¨‡`i g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q mZ¨evb, KzKx, mybxwZ, mygZx, iYwRr, myab¨v, ag©ivR, ivwnjv I hyeivR| GKwesk kZvãx‡Z e‡mI wK ÔAwZcÖMwZkxjÕ e¨w³I GiKg evsjv bv‡g mšÍv‡bi bvg ivL‡Z Lye †ewk mvnmx nq! wKš‘ `yB kZK Av‡M Rb¥ wb‡qI gkviid †mwU †c‡i‡Qb| Zuvi GB mvnm G‡m‡Q gvZ…fvlvcÖxwZ †_‡K| Avi avwg©K n‡jI agx©q †Muvovwgi E‡aŸ© DV‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb e‡jB GB ai‡bi bvg‡K wZwb Ôwn›`ybvgÕ g‡b bv K‡i ÔevsjvbvgÕ g‡b Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| mg‡qi †P‡q wZwb †h KZLvwb AMÖYx wQ‡jb, wZwb †h KZLvwb evOvwj wQ‡jb, GB bvgKiYB Zvi cÖgvY enb K‡i| Wv‡qwi‡Z Kx-Kx _vK‡e Avi Kx-Kx _vK‡e bv, Zvi †Zv †Kv‡bv e¨vKiY †bB| Wv‡qwi-†jL‡Ki g‡bi K_vB †mLv‡b cÖKvwkZ nq| B‡”Qg‡Zv †jLvi ¯^vaxbZv †mLv‡b _v‡K| cvVK wKsev mgv‡jvP‡Ki gyLv‡cÿx nIqvi `iKvi †bB †f‡e wZwb hv Lywk wjL‡Z cv‡ib| †h‡nZz gxi gkviid Avgv‡`i AMÖMY¨ †jLK, ZvB Zuvi e¨w³MZ AvPiY †_‡KI Avgiv wkÿv wb‡Z cvwi| Zuvi Wv‡qwii cÖwZ

Avgv‡`i AvKl©Y †mB Kvi‡YB| wZwb Kx-Kx ˆ`bw›`b KvR Ki‡eb, Ck¦‡ii bvg wb‡q Zv cÖwZÁv Ki‡Zb| welv`wmÜz m¤ú‡K© Kx Ki‡eb Zv wj‡L‡Qb Ñ Ô`yB †mU cy¯K Í fvj Kwiqv euvavB Kwiqv ivwL‡Z nB‡e Ñ mg‡q eojvU †QvUjvU‡K Dcnvi w`‡Z nB‡e Ñ welv`wmÜz Avi 200 mZ cy¯K Í weµx nB‡jB KvjxbvivqYeveyi mwnr wnmve Kwi‡Z nB‡e ÑÕ wZwb †h KZUv cwiKíbv K‡i KvR Ki‡Zb GB †bvU ZviB bwRi| evwoi welq wb‡qI Zuvi Ggb Kvh©ZvwjKvi K_v GLv‡b D‡jøL Kiv hvq| Ñ bovB‡ji LvRvbv euvKx Av‡Q Zvnv cwi‡mva Kwievi Dcvq evwni Kwi‡Z nB‡eZvwiYx iv‡qi m¤^‡Ü LvRvbvi Rb¨ e›`e¯Í Kwi‡Z nB‡e Ggvgcy‡ii cÖRv AvBbÏxb bv‡g euvKx LvRvbvi bvwjm Kwi‡Z nB‡e| †bvwUm nB‡e| mªxbv‡_i c‡ÿ nwic` mBm Ñ Bnv‡`i bv‡g bvwjm Kwi‡Z nB‡e|...Õ gkvii‡di GB Wv‡qwi †Zv ¯’vbxq BwZnv‡mi DcKiY wn‡m‡e ¸iæZ¡ †c‡Z cv‡i| wZwb Ggb wKQy GKvšÍ e¨w³MZ welq GB Wv‡qwi‡Z wj‡L‡Qb, hv Z_vKw_Z Ôf`ª‡jv‡KivÕ Gwo‡q hvb| gvbyl †R‡b †M‡jI Zv ¯^xKvi K‡ib bv| msKj‡Ki fvlvq Ñ ÔwcZv gxi †gvqv‡¾g †nv‡mb jvwnbxcvovi evwo‡ZB GK iwÿZv‡K G‡b Zz‡jwQ‡jb| bvixi cÖwZ gkvii‡diI †gvn R‡b¥wQj jv‡qK nIqvi Av‡MB Ñ ÁvwZåvZv c`g`xi beve gxi †gvnv¤§` Avjxi m½-mvwbœ‡a¨ G‡m| MwYKvm½jv‡f Zuvi AvMÖn KL‡bv wbt‡kwlZ nqwb Ñ Zv gnvbMix KjKvZv‡ZB †nvK wKsev Kv‡Qi †Kv‡bv gd¯^j-kni Kzwóqv‡ZB †nvK| Gi Ic‡i Ô`vmx-ev›`xÕ †Zv wQjB| G-wb‡q ¯¿x Kzjmy‡gi m‡½ SMovSvwU †j‡MB _vKZ| Aek¨ †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv mgq Kzjmyg AKvi‡YI m‡›`n Ki‡Zb| Wv‡qwi‡Z LyeB e¨w³MZ I †Mvcb K_vI wj‡L †M‡Qb gkviid| †hgb Ñ Zuvi weiæ‡× cwiPvwiKvi ¯Íbg`©‡bi Awf‡hvM, Kzjmy‡gi FZymvª e, w`‡bi †ejvq AvKw¯§K exh©öjb| GK RvqMvq Awkó ÔgvMxÕ kã D”PviY K‡i‡Qb †eZwgR M„ncwiPvwiKv m¤ú‡K©| GB AKcU eY©bv I ¯^xKv‡ivw³ gkvii‡di mZ¨K_‡bi mvn‡mi cwiPq †`q|Õ (c„ 22) Wv‡qwi †Kej e¨w³i g‡bvRM‡Zi

Lei †`q bv, ¯^Kvj-¯^mgv‡Ri wek¦¯Í `wjj e‡U! gkvii‡di Wv‡qwi ZvB Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q †Kej e¨w³ gkviid m¤ú‡K© Rvbvb †`q bv, Zuvi mgqUv‡K wPb‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i| evsjvmvwn‡Z¨i BwZnv‡mi bZzb ms‡hvRb wn‡m‡e GB MÖš’ g~j¨ cv‡e| Avi Gfv‡eB Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayix e„nr evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i †mev K‡i hv‡”Qb| M‡elYvi Z_¨DcvË we‡kølY Kivi †P‡q GB ai‡bi Z_¨`wjj msMÖn KivI †h M‡el‡Ki GKwU eo K…wZZ¡, wZwb Zv cÖgvY Ki‡jb| Gi Av‡MI wZwb A‡bK `y®úÖvc¨ `wjj D×vi K‡i‡Qb| wkíx †K. gwjø‡Ki AvZ¥K_v, kPxb †`eeg©‡Yi AvZ¥K_v, Ave`yj I`y‡`i cÎ, iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii AcÖKvwkZ cÎ, wZwi‡ki Kwe‡`i AcÖKvwkZ cÎ, KvOvj nwibv‡_i Wv‡qwi, Ave`yj Kwig mvwnZ¨wekvi‡`i `y®úÖvc¨ cÖeÜ Ñ GiKg ARmª DcKiY Avwe®‹vi K‡i wZwb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i fvÐvi mg„× K‡i‡Qb †Kv‡bv iƒc cÖvwZôvwbK mn‡hvwMZv QvovB| Zuvi e¨w³D‡`¨v‡M cwiPvwjZ GB ai‡bi M‡elYvi gva¨‡g Aveyj Avnmvb †PŠayix wb‡RB AvR GK cÖwZôv‡b cwiYZ n‡q‡Qb| MÖ‡š’i cwiwkó Ask LyeB g~j¨evb cÖ_‡gB i‡q‡Q Wv‡qwi‡Z DwjøwLZ e¨w³‡`i cwiPq| AvRxRb& †bmv, Ave`yj Kwig MRbex, Ave`yj nvwg` Lvb BDmydRqx, Ave`yj nvwjg MRbex, Iqv‡R` Avjx Lvb cbœx, Kwigb& †bmv Lvbg, K…òKzgvi wgÎ, †`ebv_ wek¦vm, bI‡ki Avjx Lvb BDmydRqx, bRgb& †bmv, wewe Kzjmyg, gxi gn‡Zvmvg †nv‡mb, gxi †gvqv‡¾g †nv‡mb, gxi †gvqv‡¾g Avjx, †gvnv¤§` †iqvRDÏxb Avng`, ivBPiY `vm, ivnvZb& †bmv, †iqvRvAj-`xb Avng` gvknv`x, ˆmq` AwjIjøv, ˆmq` bIqve Avjx †PŠayix I ˆmq` kvg‡mvj †nv`v m¤ú‡K© mswÿß Z_¨ †`Iqv n‡q‡Q GLv‡b| msKjK †h †Kej cÖvß Wv‡qwi †Q‡c †`bwb, Zv wb‡q Av‡iv fvebvwPšÍv K‡i‡Qb, GLv‡b Zuvi M‡elKmËvi cwiPq| †k‡li `yB dg©v Ry‡o i‡q‡Q Wv‡qwi cÖwZwjwc| gkvii‡di n¯Ívÿ‡ii cÖwZwjwc cvV I `k©b cvV‡Ki g‡b bZzb GK wkniY RvMvq| GB MÖš’ cv‡Vi cvkvcvwk ZvB msMÖ‡ni ¸iæZ¡‡K aviY K‡i Av‡Q| fvj KvMR, my›`i Qvcv Avi k³ euvavB‡qi Kvi‡Y `vg GKUz †ewk g‡b n‡jI GB ai‡bi `wjj msMÖ‡ni Avb‡›`i Kv‡Q GB `vg cywl‡q hvq| r

131


evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ be ms‡hvRb

gjqP›`b gy‡Lvcva¨vq

w`wjøi evOvwj wPËiÄb cvKovkx cwjgvwUi wUc cwi‡Zvl e‡›`¨vcva¨vq

ev

sjvmvwn‡Z¨i cvVK huviv, mvaviYfv‡e Zuv‡`i mxgve×Zv GB †h-KjKvZv ev XvKvi evB‡i †`k-we‡`‡ki e„n`vqZ‡b †h Kx wecyjmsL¨K †jLK evsjvfvlvi cÖwZ Mvp †cÖ‡g G-fvlvq †jLv‡jwL Ki‡Qb, cÎcwÎKv †ei K‡ib, †mm‡ei †LuvR ivLvi cÖ‡qvRb Dcjwä K‡ib bv Zuviv| GK`v wKš‘ fvMjcy‡i e‡m ebdzj, c~wY©qvq mZxbv_ fv`yox, gyRd&dicy‡i wef‚wZf‚lY e‡›`¨vcva¨vq mvwnZ¨ iPbv K‡i evOvwj cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q mgxn Av`vq Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb| my`i~ Gjvnvev` †_‡K cÖevmx †e‡iv‡”Q (c‡i KjKvZvq ¯’vbvšÍwiZ nq), cvUbv †_‡K cÖfvZx, Kzwóqv I ivRkvnx †_‡K h_vµ‡g MÖvgevË©v cÖKvwkKv, gvbmx I gg©evYx Ges Zver evOvwj †mme cÎcwÎKv wb‡q mie ZLb| A_P AvR wÎcyiv ev wkjPi, Av›`vgvb Avi ev›`ievb, bvMcyi-ewikvj Kx wjL‡Q,

132

Kx fve‡Q, †m-m¤ú‡K© D`vmxb Avgiv! w`wjø †_‡K cÖKvwkZ `ywU eB nv‡Z †c‡q nZevK bv n‡q Dcvq iBj bv! mvwnZ¨‡mevq GZ `ivR w`wjø`wiqv! GZw`b AÁ wQjvg! cÖ_g eBwUi †jLK wPËiÄb cvKovkx| Zuvi MÖ‡š’i bvg w`wjøi evOvwj Avm‡j QÙ‡ekx †Kvwnb~i, ev ZvRgnj, ev 35wU dzUej gv‡Vi AvqZbwewkó wgk‡ii Kvb©vK gw›`‡ii mvgvb¨ AskwU, Rvbv †bB Avgv‡`i| hw`I eBwU AZUv enŸvqZwbK bq, gvÎ-B †`o‡kv c„ôvi| Kx Av‡Q eBwU‡Z, bv Rvb‡j e¨R¯‘wZ e‡j g‡b n‡Z cv‡i Av‡Mi gšÍe¨wU| Kx Av‡Q Zv c‡i we‡eP¨| Zvi Av‡M eBwUi †jLK m¤ú‡K© GKUz †R‡b †bIqv hvK| Awef³ fvi‡Zi me©en„ r †Rjv gqgbwms‡ni f‚wgcyÎ wPËiÄb KjKvZvi miKvwi AvU© K‡j‡Ri QvÎ| Gici cvÄve wek¦we`¨vjq Ges Avn‡g`vev‡`i GbAvBwW‡ZI cvV †bb wZwb| PvKwi Ki‡Zb fviZ miKv‡ii Aax‡b wkíKjv I BÛvw÷ªqvj wWRvBb-msµvšÍ wefv‡M| w`wjø I KjKvZv wQj Zuvi Kg©¯j ’ | fviZ miKv‡ii n‡q eû weL¨vZ WvKwUwK‡Ui wWRvBb Zuvi Kiv, †h¸‡jvi g‡a¨ 1956-†Z ey×RqšÍx, Õ69-G MvÜx kZe‡l© Kiv WvKwUwKU i‡q‡Q| GQvov Rq evsjv, Ks‡MÖm kZvãx, †bniæ Rb¥kZvãx, ¯^vgx we‡eKvb‡›`i wkKv‡Mv e³…Zvi kZvãx, I¯Ív` wemwgjøv Lv‡bi Ici WvKwUwKU D‡jøL‡hvM¨| Zuvi AuvKv WvKwUwK‡Ui GKK cÖ`k©bx n‡qwQj 1999-†Z, BwÛqvb wgDwRqv‡gi Avï‡Zvl n‡j| wZwb I Zuvi mn‡hvMxiv wg‡j wn‡›`vj bv‡g cwÎKv cÖKvk Ki‡Qb 2009 †_‡K| w`wjøi cÖKvkbv ms¯’v wb‡qvMx eyKm Zuvi eB cÖKvk K‡i‡Q, Ñ A Stamp is Born. fvi‡Zi DcivóªcwZ nvwg` Avbmvwi eBwUi †gvoK D‡b¥vPb K‡ib| Avgv‡`i Av‡jvP¨ eBwUi cÖKvkKvj Rvbyqvwi 2016| AZ¨šÍ Av‡ÿ‡ci welq, GiB `y-gv‡mi gv_vq gvP© 2016-†Z 94 eQi eq‡m cÖqvZ n‡jb wZwb| `xN©vqy wQ‡jb, GUvB mvšÍb¡ v| Zuvi eBwU‡Z wea„Z n‡q i‡q‡Q cÖvq `y‡kv eQi e¨vß w`wjø‡Z evOvwji K…wZmg~n| GLvbKvi †jLK, Zuv‡`i eB I cÎcwÎKvi K_v †hgb i‡q‡Q, Abyiƒcfv‡e i‡q‡Q mvgwnKfv‡e GLvbKvi evOvwji bvP, Mvb, Awfbq I ms¯‹w… Zi Ab¨vb¨ cwim‡i Zuvi Kviæevmbv PwiZv_© Kivi gMœZvi K_v| HwZnvwmK `wjj n‡q D‡V‡Q eBwU G-Kvi‡Y; Abb¨, Abe`¨, AmvaviY!

1837 †_‡K w`wjø ev †`nwj‡Z evOvwji c`cvZ ïiæ| P›`bbM‡ii R‰bK DgvPiY †dŠ‡R †hvM w`‡q Gjvnvev`-Kvbcyi n‡q w`wjø‡Z, ZLbKvi kvnRvnvbvev‡` DcbxZ nb| 1857-i gnvwe‡`ªv‡n DgvPi‡Yi ¯¿x AZxe dm©v weavq wmcvwn‡`i nv‡Z ew›`I n‡qwQ‡jb| I‡`i f…Z¨ hLb Rvbvq †h wZwb wbZvšÍB evOvwj, gy³ nb †mB gwnjv| DgvPiY emyi eskaiiv Av‡Rv bvwK w`wjø‡Z i‡q‡Qb| evOvwj _vK‡e †hLv‡b, Kvjxevwo, `yMv© cy‡Rv, cÎcwÎKv, im‡Mvjøv I dzUej †mLv‡b AeavwiZ| 1840 bvMv`B †mLv‡b Ôw`wjø †e½wj KvjxevwoÕ ¯’vwcZ nj, 1842 †_‡K ïiæ nj `yMv© cy‡Rv, 1883-†Z ÔBwÛqvb †gwWKvj †cÖmÕ, †hLvb †_‡K fviZxq I we‡`wk wg‡j 26wU fvlvq Qvcv nZ eB, cÎcwÎKv| ¯’vcwqZv Avï‡Zvl ivq| im‡Mvjøv AÁvZ wQj GLv‡b| †KŠZ‚njKi KviY Rvwb‡q‡Qb †jLK, ÔDËi fvi‡Zi wn›`y‡`i Kv‡Q `ya †K‡U Qvbv ˆZwi Kiv wQj ag©weiæ× KvR| ZvQvov A‡bKUv wW‡gi g‡Zv AvKvi Ges mv`v i‡Oi im‡Mvjøv †Zv wQj Aek¨B eR©bxq e¯‘|Õ 1913-†Z cÂvbb e¨vbvwR©i Kj¨v‡Y im‡Mvjøv Pvjy n‡q †Mj w`wjø‡Z| Awjw¤úK nwKi Av¤úvqvi wQ‡jb evOvwj exiæ †Nvl, MvÜxi g„Z‡`‡ni †cv÷g‡U©g K‡ib Wv. m‡šÍvl †mb, Gb. †K. `vk¸‡ßi ZË¡veav‡b wbwg©Z nq ivBwmbv wnj‡mi evm¯’vbmg~n| w`wjøi K…Zx QvÎ K¨vÝvi M‡elK Wv. Zvcm `vk¸‡ßi bvg wZb-wZbevi †bv‡ej KwgwU‡Z D‡VwQj| eZ©gv‡b Bwjbq wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Aa¨vcK wZwb| Ab¨w`‡K kj¨wPwKrmK Wv. m‡šÍvl Kzgvi †mb wQ‡jb ivóªcwZi wPwKrm‡Ki ZvwjKvq| ¯¿x‡ivM we‡klÁ Wv. †MŠix †mb †bZvwRi AvBGbG evwnbx‡Z †hvM w`‡qwQ‡jb, evg©vq| w`wjøevmx evOvwji †gavZvwjKv GgbB `xcÖ, `xß I m¤£všÍ| ZvwjKvwU GLv‡bB †kl K‡ibwb †jLK| mywcÖg †Kv‡U©i cÖ_g evOvwj cÖavb wePvicwZ W. weRbKzgvi gyLvwR©, Ab¨w`‡K wZb weL¨vZ wPÎwkíx mvi`v DwKj I Zuvi `yB AbyR ei`v Ges iY`v w`wjø‡KB Zuv‡`i mvab‡ÿÎ wn‡m‡e †e‡Q wb‡qwQ‡jb| mvi`v DwKj (1890-1940) 1918 †_‡K Avg„Z¨z w`wjø‡Z †_‡K hvb, w`wjø‡Z cÖwZôv K‡ib Ôw` †mvmvBwU Ae BwÛqvb AvU© A¨vÛ µvdUmÕ, w` jvBU Ae Gwkqv wbe©vK QwewU‡Z ï‡×v`‡bi f‚wgKvAwf‡bZvI wZwb (1925)| 1932-G jÛ‡b Zuvi Qwei cÖ`k©bx n‡qwQj| ei`v DwKj evi Ki‡Zb wkícwÎKv iƒc‡jLv|


¯^vaxbZv-DËiKv‡j w`wjø‡Z M‡o I‡V jwjZKjv, msMxZ bvUK Avi mvwnZ¨ GB wZb A¨vKv‡Wwg| eû K…Zx evOvwj G-wZbwUi D”P c‡` wQ‡jb, hw`I G‡K h_v_© A‡_© w`wjøevmx evOvwji Ae`vb ejv hv‡e bv| Z‡e PÆMÖv‡gi myaxi †mb kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b msMxZ wkÿv-A‡šÍ 1959-†Z w`wjø G‡m †h †mLv‡bB i‡q †M‡jb, ˆZwi Ki‡jb ÔiweMxwZKvÕ, hvi gva¨‡g w`wjø‡Z iex›`ªmsMxZ cÖmvwiZ nj, Zuv‡K wbwØ©avq g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e| †Zgwb b„Z¨wkíx evj¥xwK e¨vbvwR© w`wjø‡Z Zuvi cÖwZôvb Ôwkíxgn‡jÕi gva¨‡g b„Z¨Kjv‡K RbwcÖq Kivi h‡_ó Ae`vb †i‡L‡Qb| mvwnZ¨‡ÿ‡Î w`wjøi evOvwj‡`i †h-Ae`vb, Zv ixwZgZ M‡elYvi welq n‡Z cv‡i| `ywU fv‡M GB Ae`vb‡K Avgiv fvM K‡i wb‡Z cvwi| GK, huviv w`wjø‡Z R‡b¥, ev ˆkke-ˆK‡kv‡i w`wjø‡Z G‡m ¯‹j z K‡jR wek¦we`¨vj‡q wkÿvMÖnY K‡i mvwnZ¨PP©v K‡i‡Qb ev Ki‡Qb, Avi Ab¨ fv‡M co‡e huviv PvKwi ev Ab¨vb¨ m~‡Î w`wjø‡Z emevmKvjxb AmvaviY wKQy mvwnwZ¨K iPbv Dcnvi w`‡q‡Qb| GB wØZxq fvMUvi w`‡KB Av‡M `„wó †`Iqv hvK| 1961-†Z w`wjø wek¦we`¨vj‡q evsjv wefvM ¯’vwcZ n‡j iex›`ªKgz vi `vk¸ß †mLv‡b Aa¨vcKiƒ‡c †hvM`vb K‡ib| Gi c‡i †mLv‡b hvb bxjiZb †mb Ges wkwkiKzgvi `vk| Gu‡`i iPbvi e„n`sk w`wjø _vKvKvjxb †jLv| Gm‡ei BwZnvm Avgv‡`i Rvbv `iKvi| eªRgvae fÆvPv‡h©i bvgB ïwbwb Avgiv, RInijvj †bniæ huv‡K ivR¨mfvi m`m¨ K‡i wkÿvgš¿xi c` ch©šÍ w`‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| eªRgvae A¯^xK…Z nb| †bniæ Zuv‡K Mv‡qbv, wÎwb`v`, †Uvev‡Mv‡Z fviZxq es‡kv™¢Z ‚ ‡`i Rb¨ wkÿvcÖwZôvb ˆZwi‡Z eªZx K‡ib| G-Kv‡Ri Rb¨ wZwb I‡q÷ BwÛ‡R my`xN© †ZBk eQi KvUvb| †M‡jb †ciæ, †gw·‡Kv, ewjwfqv, eªvwRj, ågYKvwnwb wjL‡jb, wjL‡jb The History of Human Trade, hv cvV K‡i AvPvh© mybxwZKzgvi gy»| Zuvi KweZvi eB Magic Casement evi K‡i A·‡dvW© eyK nvDm| †gvU 42wU eB‡qi †jLK eªRgvae BD‡ivc-Av‡gwiKv‡ZI eûcwVZ| Av‡iv Avð‡h©i, kZel©Rxex eªRgvae, AÜ eªRgvae, kÖæZwjL‡bi gva¨‡g wZb‡kv c„ôvi eB iPbv Ki‡jb, Bhakti the Religion of Love! cÖevmx m¤úv`K ivgvb›` P‡Ævcva¨vq Zuv‡K w`‡q cÖPiz Mí wjwL‡q‡Qb, eªRevey hLb Gjvnvev` wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎ| mvZKwo

gy‡Lvcva¨vq ZLb GK cÖwZfvm¤úbœ e¨w³, whwb 1975 †_‡K w`wjøevmx| Av‡i¯Ív, cÖvPxb wMÖK, ms¯‹Z … , cvwj, jvwZb fvlv Zuvi Avq‡Ë| GQvov divwm, Rvg©vb, wZeŸwZ, egx©, _vB fvlvI| Av‡gwiKvb jvB‡eªwi Ae Ks‡MÖ‡mi w`wjø kvLvq †hvM w`‡q †eŠ×kv¯¿, ivgvqY, gnvfviZ, Zvwgj fw³mvwnZ¨, `wÿY-c~e© Gwkqvi ms¯‹w… Z I BwZnvm wb‡q M‡elYv I †mBm‡½ eû g~j¨evb cyw_ cybgy`© Yª Kivq Ae`vb iv‡Lb wZwb| †ev‡ivey`‡ii †eŠ×¯Íc ‚ -msµvšÍ 442wU `yjf © wPÎmsewjZ Gb‡R †µvg bvgxq WvP cwЇZi eB `yL‡Ð G‡`‡k cybgy`© Yª Kivb wZwb| Kvwk¥‡i wM‡q †mLvbKvi †WvMiv ivRv‡`i AvbyK‡‚ j¨ ˆke `k©b, kv³Zš¿ BZ¨vw`i Ici `y®úÖvc¨ MÖ‡š’i RxY©ve‡kl D×vi K‡i Av‡bb| mvwnZ¨ AKv‡`wgi GbmvB‡K¬vwcwWqv Ae BwÛqvb wjUv‡iPv‡ii mn‡hvMx m¤úv`K n‡q 40wU ¸iæZ¡cY~ © wbeÜ †j‡Lb| GKvw`µ‡g beQi, Gici wZwb hy³ _v‡Kb ÔBw›`iv MvÜx ivóªxq Kjv‡K‡›`ªÕ| jvL jvL cvÐzwjwc Lu‡y R †c‡Z msMÖn K‡ib fvi‡Zi bvbv ¯’vb †_‡K, gvB‡µvwdj¥ Kivb| we‡`‡k cvPvi nIqv eû cvÐzwjwc †`‡k wdwi‡q Av‡bb| bgm¨ GB e¨w³wUi KZUzKz Rvwb Avgiv? w`wjøi mvwnZ¨ wb‡q ej‡Z wM‡q wPËiÄbevey 1958-†Z ZrKvjxb cwðge‡½i gyL¨gš¿x weavbP›`ª ivq-D‡ØvwaZ Ô†e½j A¨v‡mvwm‡qkbÕ-Gi D‡jøL K‡i e‡jb, w`wjøi mvi¯^Z mvabvq Gi Ae`vb Acwimxg| AmsL¨ cÎcwÎKv †e‡ivq GLvb †_‡K, B›`ªc¯ Ö ’ (1960| PvYK¨ †mb hy³ wQ‡jb cwÎKvwUi m‡½)| ARšÍv †e‡iv‡”Q 1961 †_‡K| GQvov w`MšÍ, cÖZxPx, Db¥y³ D”Q¡vm, wn‡›`vj, cÖvsï, evjvK©, w`M½b, AvZ¥Rvmn eû cwÎKv †e‡iv‡”Q| PvYK¨ †mb, wbgvB fÆvPvh©, eUK…ò †`, gvbiZœ gy‡Lvcva¨vq, bw›`Zv emy, bw›`Zv ivq, wPikÖxwekx PµeZx©, eªZZx †mb¸ß, wigv `vm, myf`ªv †mb¸ß, bw›`Zv gy‡Lvcva¨vq, cÖvYwR emvK, †mŠivsï wmbnv cÖgLy †Kej w`wjøi †jLK bb, †h-†Kv‡bv mg‡qi evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i cÖwZwbwa¯’vbxq †jLK| AKvjcÖqvZ †jLK †`evsï wmbnvi K…kKvq `¯ÍiLv‡bi †bkvo– whwb co‡eb, GB cÖwZfva‡ii Rb¨ `xN©kv¦ m †dj‡eb| w`wjøi bvUK? ZworKvwšÍ wgÎ 1991 †_‡K bvU¨Kvi-wb‡`©kK-Awf‡bZv wn‡m‡e me©fviZxq bvg| 35wU bvU‡Ki mªóv| 1933 †_‡KB w`wjø‡Z evOvwji ~ , bvU¨-HwZn¨| eû bvU¨ ms¯’v, Ñ AMÖ`Z

bvU¨Kvj, mskßKmn AšÍZ cuwPkwU `‡ji bvg K‡i‡Qb †jLK| nwini fÆvPvh©, c‡ik `vm, Ggb eû bvU¨e¨w³‡Z¡i K_v Av‡Q| weL¨vZ Awf‡bZv me¨mvPx PµeZx©i Awfbqm~PbvI w`wjø †_‡KB| eBwU co‡Z-co‡Z ZvB fve‡Z em‡Z nq, evsjvmvwnZ¨-ms¯‹w… Zi cÖmvi I e¨vwß KZ `~icÖmvix! Avgv‡`i †hb mvwn‡Z¨i GB f‚‡Mvj‡K gv_vq †i‡L Pjvi AvMÖn ˆZwi nq, wPËiÄb cvKovkx GKRb m`&¸iæi gZ Zv †`wL‡q w`‡q †M‡jb| Avgv‡`i Av‡jvP¨ wØZxq eBwU GKwU ¯§„wZPviYg~jK MÖš,’ hvi †jLK cwigj e‡›`¨vcva¨vq (Rb¥ 1932) PTI-Gi mvsevw`K I †mB myev‡` ÔOrganisation of Asia Pacific News Agency’-Gi †m‡µUvwi †Rbv‡ij wbe©vwPZ n‡qwQ‡jb wZwb| weMZ cÖvq GK hyM a‡i wZwb w`wjøi mvsevw`KZv wkÿvi K‡jR Iaan School of Mass Communication-Gi Aa¨ÿ wQ‡jb| `~i`k©‡bi Rb¨ †ekwKQy Z_¨wPÎ wbg©vYI K‡i‡Qb wZwb| MYgva¨‡gi Ici `ywU eBI i‡q‡Q Zuvi, hv weؾb gn‡j D”P cÖkswmZ| eB `ywU nj A Practitioner’s Guide to Journalistic Ethics Ges Advertising Law and Ethics. eZ©gvb MÖš’ cwjgvwUi wUc, evsjvq †jLv Zuvi cÖ_g eB| eBwU‡K ÔDcb¨vmÕ AvL¨v w`‡q‡Qb ¯^qs †jLK, AZGe Avgiv †m Awfav †g‡b wb‡Z eva¨| Dcb¨vm Avi AvZ¥Rxebxi hyMjew›` jÿ Kiv hv‡e Zuvi GB MÖšw’ U‡Z| msÁv hv-B †nvK bv †Kb, eBwU AvMv‡Mvov Ggb mimZvgwÐZ Avi fvlvi ¯^”QZv wb‡q GwM‡q P‡j, c‡o eo Avb›` cvIqv hvq| †jLvwU‡Z PviwU †cÖ‡gi mgvšÍivj †mªvZw¯^bx engvb, †mLv‡b ag© †MŠY, D”PeY©-wbgœeY© D‡cÿYxq I g~j¨nxb, ¯^‡`k-we‡`‡ki mxgv‡iLv jyß Avi eDw`-†`e‡ii MvÜe© m¤ú‡K© `ytmvnmx| eû ¯Íi-¯ÍivšÍi i‡q‡Q `xN© cÖvq AvovB‡kv c„ôvi †jLvwU‡Z, Ges Avgv‡`i we¯§q Rv‡M, GB e¨vß cwimi‡K †jLK GZ `ÿZvi m‡½ mvgjv‡jb Kx K‡i! GwU Zuvi cÖ_g evsjv †jLv, †R‡b †Zv cÖkœ Ki‡ZB cÖvY Pvq, GZw`b †Kv_vq wQ‡jb? †jLvi ïiæ‡Z c„ôvi ci c„ôv †jLK ˆkke ¯§„wZi ZiYx †e‡q P‡j‡Qb| Awef³ evsjvi dwi`cyi| †mLvbKvi

133


Rwg`vicÖavb MÖvg Djcyi| Kx †h ¯^cœ Avi gvqv Avi ï×Zv Avi †R¨vrmœvgqZv Avi my›`iZv w`‡q †Niv Rbc`! Avgiv dwi`cy‡ii igYxqZv, gvayh© Ges ˆef‡ei bvRyK cÖwZwbwaZ¡ jÿ K‡iwQ †mLvbKvi GKvwaK f‚wgcy‡Îi AvZ¥Rxebx‡Z, Ñ RmxgD`&`xb, g„Yvj †mb, bx‡i›`ªbv_ PµeZx©, mybxj M‡½vcva¨vq| †m-wePv‡i Av‡jvP¨ MÖšw’ U †hb cÂg †e`| Djcyi MÖvgLvwbi Qwe Ggbfv‡e AuvKv n‡q‡Q GLv‡b, cvVK Qy‡U †h‡Z PvB‡eb †mB Gj †Wviv‡Wvq| beel© Avi i_hvÎv, †ZuZwz jqvi nvU, Kvjxevwo, fzwé Rv‡j gvQ aiv, †evjZv ev gvKomvi wW‡gi †Zvc w`‡q bZzb R‡ji ¯^v`y KB gvQ aiv, mi¯^Zx cy‡Rvq cjvkdzj Pzwi, Gm‡ei g‡a¨ evj¨ I ˆkke-ˆK‡kvi cvi Ki‡Q GKwU †Q‡j, cÖe× y Z_v nviæ| bgk~`c ª aÖ vb †RjvwU‡Z k~`R ª vMiYI †`‡LwQ Avgiv, bwjb wek¦vm Qq wel‡q †jUvi †c‡q g¨vwUªK cvk Kivi msev‡`i ga¨ w`‡q| †R‡ji †g‡q Kgjv I wegjv wØZxq wefv‡M cvk| bxwjgv I ivwaKv cÖ_g wefv‡M| GKvšÍfv‡eB wbi¼zk my‡Li, `xwNfiv Rj K‡i UjUj bq, ZviI cÖvgvY¨ Qwe Kvjxevwoi cy‡ivwn‡Zi eow`w` evjweaevi ¯^vgx nviv‡bvi e„Ëv‡šÍ cvB| †nvMjve‡b wPswo Avbvi mgq Kzwg‡i †U‡b †bq Zuvi ¯^vgx‡K| †h †Mvcvj Puv`bxiv‡Z mvbvB evRvZ, el©vq mv‡ci Kvg‡o g„Z¨z nq Zvi| MÖv‡gv‡dvb †Kv¤úvwb †Mvcv‡ji mvbvB †iKW© K‡iwQj| MÖv‡gi gbv`v‡`i Rvbvjv a‡i †Mvcv‡ji gv mvbvB evRv‡bv †kv‡b g„Z cy‡Îi, AuvPj w`‡q †Pv‡Li Rj †gv‡Q Zvici| Zey Avb›` Rv‡M| avb‡ÿZ, b`x, KPzwicvbv| ÔKPzwicvbv‡K GKiKg evsjv‡`‡ki cÖZxK ejv P‡j|Õ MÖv‡gi ZiæY bwjb avb‡ÿ‡Zi g‡a¨ we¯ÍZ … KPzwicvbvi bxj †kvfv †`Lj, nv‡Z Zvi el©vi †cÖgcÎ, ÔAvcbv‡K fvjevmv Rvbv‡Z Lye B‡”Q Ki‡Q|Õ wVK †m-mgq bwjb jÿ K‡i, ÔKPzwidz‡ji †Kvgj cvcwo¸‡jv PÂj nvIqvq me Kuvc‡Q|Õ wVK ZLbB nvmbv PvPv †bŠ‡Kv †e‡q bwj‡bi Kv‡Q G‡m m`¨ aiv cuvPwU KBgvQ †`q| Am¤¢e cÖZxKx| bwjbI Zvi cÎ`vZv el©v, gZvšÍ‡i cÙ Avi e„wó, KBgv‡Qi gZB Kuvc‡Q G-gyn‡~ Z©! eBwUi Avw` †_‡K A‡šÍ ¯§„wZ‡g`yiZvi giwg cÖevn| Avgiv †jL‡Ki Kj‡gi Rv`y¯ú‡k© †hb avivmœv‡bi A‡gq Abyfw‚ Z jvf Kwi| iƒcK_v-ciY K_vi †`‡k †hb Avgiv, †hLv‡b webq gv÷vigkvB Avi gybeŸi mv‡n‡ei m‡L¨ †Kv‡bv

134

wØavØ›Ø wQj bv, gybeŸ‡ii †g‡q Avwgbv Zvi g‡bi K_v †g‡j ai‡Z cviZ nviæi Kv‡Q| iƒcK_vi Av`‡jB gybeŸi I Zvi cwiev‡ii wPÎ Aw¼Z| ¯¿x, `yB †g‡q †ivnvbv Avi Avwgbv, Ges †Q‡j imyj, Avnv Kx Rxebhvcb! wn‡Â wK †eZv‡K w`‡q †evqvj gvQ ivbœv n‡”Q, gybeŸi †gŠjwe QvÎ cov‡”Qb gv`ªvmvq, †envjv evRv‡”Qb, Avi Zvi N‡i ivgK…ò cigns‡mi Qwe| _vK‡e bv, wZwb †h Rvb‡Zb a‡g©i D`viZv; ZvQvov ivgK…ò †h Ab¨vb¨ a‡g©i gZ Bmjvg-Abye¨vqvZ wQ‡jb, gybeŸi Rvb‡Zb| ZvB gv`ªvmvq †Kvivb kwi‡di cvkvcvwk cov‡bv nZ K_vg„Z| G eo my‡Li mgq! cvV PjZ RmxgD`&`x‡bi ÔKeiÕ KweZv, cÂZ‡š¿i Mí| `vwi`ª¨ wQj, Abœms¯’vb nZ bv †ivR, eo †g‡q Z…Zxq wewe n‡q †hRb¨ Ni Ki‡Z †M‡Q gKeyj Iqv‡n‡ei| gymjgvb n‡q †envjv evRv‡bvi Aciv‡a gybeŸ‡ii †envjv †f‡O †d‡j Zv‡K MÖvgQvov Kij KÆi GK †gŠjwei civg‡k© †m MÖv‡gi †jvK| MÖvgvšÍ‡i wM‡q Av‡iv `ytmnvqZv| Gici cwieviwUi fweZe¨ weayiZvgq| cuvP eQ‡ii imyj R‡j Wz‡e gviv hvq| Zvici mnmv g„Z¨z nq gybeŸ‡ii ¯¿xi| `yt‡Li fv‡i by¨â gybeŸi AvZ¥nZ¨v Ki‡jb| msmv‡i Avwgbv GKv, ¯¿x I mšÍv‡bi cv‡k kvwqZ gybeŸi, G †hb bZzb ÔKeiÕ RmxgD`&`x‡bi! gybeŸ‡ii g„Z¨z i Kw`b ci nviæ †bŠ‡Kv Pvwj‡q Avwgbv‡K †`L‡Z hvq| bvg a‡i WvK‡jI evwoi †fZi †_‡K †Kv‡bv mvov †g‡j bv| nviæ †Kej †`‡L, b`x †e‡q bMœ GK bvixi jvk| cÂv‡ki gš^šiÍ ZLb| Avwgbvi cÖwZ‡ekx iwn‡gi gvi m‡½ nviæi †`Lv n‡Z nviæ †kv‡b, Avwgbvi Lvjv G‡m wb‡q †M‡Q Zv‡K| ÔIi Lvjvi evwo †Zv A‡bK `~‡i, gvSevwoi Kv‡Q|Õ †`Lv n‡e Avi! cvVK fvivµvšÍ n‡q Kíbvi †Pv‡L †`‡L, bMœ bvixwUi jvk b`x †cwi‡q mgy‡`ªi w`‡K P‡j‡Q! Avwgbvi m‡½ †`Lv n‡e Avevi nviæi, wKš‘ GB ch©v‡q cwieviwUi KiæY cwi‡”Q`wU‡Z †h GKwU giwg wPÎKí wbg©vY K‡i‡Qb †jLK, Zvi D‡jøL bv Ki‡jB bq| R‡j Wz‡e g„Z¨z n‡q‡Q imy‡ji| gv Zey †hb gvb‡Z cvi‡Q bv GB g„Z¨z ; †Kvb gv-B ev cv‡i? Avi ZvB Ôimy‡ji †`nUv Kuv‡a wb‡q cvM‡ji gZ gv jvwd‡q-jvwd‡q Ii †cU †_‡K Rj evi KiwQj|Õ Rxebvb›`-ewY©Z ÔwQbœ LÄbvi gZÕ bq wK? Rj evi KiwQj Avi Zvici? Ôev‡iev‡i I‡K gvwU‡Z ïB‡q ey‡K Kvb w`‡q ïbwQj cÖv‡Yi ¯ú›`b wd‡i‡Q wKbv| wKš‘ imyj Avi Rv‡Mwb|Õ

evsjvmvwn‡Z¨i cvVK Gi c‡iI wK †jL‡Ki cÖwZ Awfgvb K‡i ej‡e bv, ÔGZw`b †Kv_vq wQ‡jb?Õ cÂv‡ki gš^š‡Í ii nvfv‡Z Qwe Av‡Q, i‡q‡Q KjKvZvq Rvcvwb †evgv covi AvZw¼Z w`b¸wji K_v, Avi ZviB cvkvcvwk `yMv© cy‡Rv Avi bev‡bœi wPivqZ Qwe, †h-bev‡bœ bZzb Pv‡ji wcUzwj ¸‡j Pvwliv Ges Ab¨ M„n¯’iv Av`i K‡i Miæ‡K mvRvq| †jLvwUi ¯Í‡i-¯Í‡i myL-`ytL Av‡jvQvqvi wbweo KjgKvix| Av‡Q G‡Ki ci GK wewPÎ gvby‡li K_vgvjv, †jvKK_vi m‡½B †hb mvhyR¨ †ewk| †jvKmvwn‡Z¨ hv‡K Motif e‡j, w÷_ Ugmb Zuvi weL¨vZ Motif MÖ‡š’ hvi e¨vL¨v K‡i‡Qb, G-Kvwnwb‡Z †hb ZviB Abymw„ Z| G‡Ki ci GK PwiÎ, NUbv, mgq Avi mgqvšÍi, hv‡K cwifvlvq ÔMotifemeÕ ejv hvq, †jLvwUi KzjjÿY| AvL¨vbwUi e¨vwß I cÖmvi msnZ n‡Z †c‡i‡Q Gi ¸‡Y| Q›`vi Gwc‡mvW Avi †`kfv‡M nviæ‡`i cwievimn †`kZ¨vM A_ev Avwgbvi PZz_© wewe n‡q msmvihvcb, GB wZ‡b †Kv‡bv wgj †bB AvcvZfv‡e| wKš‘ G‡`i RxebcÖev‡n †h bvUKxq wech©q, †h Aiæš‘` mybvwg, Zvi g‡a¨ Abycg GK msnwZ wb‡q G‡m‡Qb †jLK| Q›`vi NUbv †hgb, me nviv‡bvi Rqgvjv Zvi M‡j! gv-evev msmviZ¨vMx, LyR u ‡Z †ewi‡q‡Q Q›`v Zv‡`i| üwl‡K‡k †`Lv wgjj, wKš‘ mšÍvbevrm‡j¨i eû `~ieZx© Zviv| Q›`v †hb wbqwZZvwo‡Zi gZB †`iv`y‡b Avm‡Z wM‡q gvSc‡_ †b‡g c‡o, bvUKxqfv‡e †mLv‡b †`Lv cvq Zvi †Q‡ji, ¯^‡`wk g‡š¿ `xÿv wb‡q †m NiQvov! cvVK ÔQ›`vÕ bvgwUi Avqiwbi AZ‡j Wze †`q| †`kfv‡Mi gg©Rv¡ jv G-ch©šÍ KZ †jL‡Ki g‡a¨B bv AvavwiZ n‡q‡Q, Zey G-Kvwnwb‡Z Zv Ab¨Zi gvÎv wb‡q G‡m‡Q| webq gv÷v‡ii cÖavb wkÿKZvi c‡_ _vev ewm‡q‡Q ˆgbyÏxb| webq †`k †Q‡o P‡j hv‡”Qb, w÷gv‡i mnmv †mB ˆgbyÏxb| †m webq gv÷v‡ii Ôcv‡q nvZ w`‡q cÖYvg Kij|... Avcwb Avgv‡i †`vqv K‡ib, Avwg †hb wVKgZ B¯‹j z Pvjv‡Z cvwi|Õ e‡j wØZxqevi cÖYvg, i¨vWwK¬d, ev‡ivR, gvD›U e¨v‡U‡bi civRq NUv‡jb †jLK GLv‡bB, wRbœvn-†bniæiI| †ebv‡cvj| me mvP© Kiv n‡”Q mxgvšÍ AÂjwU‡Z| Avevi Kx Abe`¨ wPÎKí : ÔGLv‡b hvÎx‡`i gvjcÎ me †ijjvB‡bi Dci bvwg‡q Kv÷gm cywjk cvwZ-cvwZ K‡i me †Luv‡R| LÐ LÐ K‡i weQvbv


evwjk wQu‡o †d‡j| †ijjvB‡bi Dci Zzjv Do‡Z _v‡K|Õ Zz‡jv-Iov †ijjvBb cvi n‡q Avevi beRxeb, †ikbKvW©, evwofvov K‡i bZzb Avkvq emwZ| Avwgbvi m‡½ †`Lv n‡qwQj nviæi| †eviLv D‡V‡Q Zvi A‡½, wbgwš¿Z n‡q †L‡qI G‡m‡Q Avwgbvi nv‡Z ˆZwi nviæi wcÖq c`, †e‡j gvQ †cvov, KB gv‡Qi Svj mi‡l w`‡q, bvi‡K‡ji cyi w`‡q cywjwc‡V| †eviLv wK fvjevmv Avovj Kivi mvg_©¨ iv‡L? Dcb¨v‡mi AwšÍ‡g nviæ Avevi Djcyi hvq, wcZvi bv‡g ÔgybeŸi wkÿv‡K›`ªÕ-†Z Avwgbv‡K cov‡Z †`‡L Awff‚Z nq| Avwgbvi ¯^vgx Kv‡`i wgqv †eu‡P †bB, Gbv‡qZ‡K †`‡L nviæ, Avwgbvi †Q‡j| †jeycvZv Pv wcÖq nviæi, †fv‡jwb Avwgbv, Kvc‡o †eu‡a †m× Kiv nviæi wcÖq gmyi Wv‡ji K_vI †fv‡jwb Avwgbv| we`vq †b‡e nviæ, Avwgbv e‡j, Ônviæ`v Avgv‡i Av`i Kiev bv? Gbv‡qZ‡i †Zv KZLvwb Av`i Kijv|Õ nviæ Avwgbv‡K Kv‡Q wb‡q Kcv‡j Pz¤b^ Gu‡K †`q| Gme nviæi cÖwZwôZ n‡q mvsevw`K Rxe‡bi Mí| †mB m~‡ÎB ¯^MvÖ ‡g †h‡Z n‡qwQj Zuv‡K e½mvwnZ¨ m‡¤§jb Kfvi Ki‡Z| fviZ †_‡K kÖ‡×q mvwnwZ¨K g‡bvR emy Avm‡eb| GB g‡bvR emy Ges c~ee© ‡½i `vgvj †bZv †kL gywReyi ingvb 1951-†Z †ewRs‡q AbywôZ kvwšÍ m‡¤§j‡b evsjvq e³…Zv w`‡qwQ‡jb, gywReyi ingv‡bi AvZ¥Rxebx †_‡K D×…wZ w`‡q †`wL‡q‡Qb †jLK| nviæ-Avwgbvi gZ el©v-bwj‡bi fvjevmvi mgvšÍivj cÖevn, hv mg-G G‡m †g‡k I‡`i Djcy‡i IB GKB Kvi‡Y Avmvi myev‡`| Djcy‡ii f‚wgcyÎ bgk~`ª bwjb weÁvbx wn‡m‡e †`k-we‡`‡k L¨vZ AvR| Djcy‡ii Zvi ¯‹j z Zv‡K †W‡K‡Q, bv G‡m cv‡i †m? †jLK G-cÖm‡½ gZzqv mgvR, VvKzibM‡i nwiPuv` VvKzi‡K †K›`ª K‡i bgk~`‡ª `i beRvMi‡Yi †h-Qwe Gu‡K‡Qb, Gi Rb¨ wZwb Avjv`v K‡i Kzwb©k cvIqvi †hvM¨| Dcb¨v‡mi †k‡l †`wL, bwjb, wKbv W. wek¦vm ÔLvwj cv‡q gnv Avb‡›` avb‡ÿ‡Zi cvk w`‡q Awff‚‡Zi gZ P‡j‡Qb|Õ el©v Zv‡K Avwe®‹vi K‡i avb‡ÿ‡Z| bwjb cwjgvwUi wUc coj wb‡R, el©vi Kcv‡jI cwi‡q w`j| ÔgbgyK‡z i el©v †`Lj, wUcUv jvj UKUK Ki‡Q|Õ cvVKivI ev` hvqwb †mB †`Lv †_‡K| Dcb¨vmwU evsjvmvwn‡Z¨ AeavwiZ GK ms‡hvRb! r

KvBwd AvRwg : GK kv‡q‡ii Mí AwfwRr `vk¸ß

ÔcÖv

AveŸv kvevbv AvRwg fvlvšÍi : mywegj emvK avbwmwo, KjKvZv 60 UvKv

mv` ˆZwi n‡j/ e‡m hvq cvnviv`vi/ f‡¯§ _vwK ï‡q/ †m Bgvi‡Zi ¯^cœ wb‡q|/ †gnb‡Zi Mv‡q K¬vwšÍ/ Qwo‡q c‡o wkivq wkivq/ Avi cÖvmv‡`i Qwe eÜ `y-†Pv‡L|/ w`b GLbI ch©šÍ Gfv‡eB/ gv_vi Ici M‡j hvq/ ivwÎ Ôwe×Õ K‡i `y-†Pv‡L/ Zxÿè Kv‡jv kjvKvq|/ nvIqv Lye Mig AvR iv‡Z/ AvR iv‡Z Avm‡e bv Nyg dzUcv‡Z/ I‡Vv mevB, AvwgI DwV, ZzwgI I‡Vv,/ I‡Vv ZzwgI/ G †`Iqv‡j †Kv‡bv Rvbvjv/ hw` Ly‡j hvq|Õ KvBwd AvRwgi ÔgKvbÕ KweZvi cO&w³¸‡jv AócÖni bv n‡jI w`‡bi A‡bKUv mgq AvMÖnx K‡i iv‡L cvVK‡K| Avm‡j, Zuvi GB KweZv¸‡jv wVK KwgDwb÷ cvwU©myjf cÖPvi wQj bv, eis eyw×, †gav I fv‡ei Avðh© mgš^q N‡UwQj Zv‡Z| KweZv¸‡jv co‡Zco‡Z myfvl gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi bvg Avgv‡`i g‡b Avmv ¯^vfvweK| wKš‘ nVvr G-f‚wgKvi cÖ‡qvRb coj †Kb| mwZ¨ K_v ej‡Z wK Ggb GKwU eB G-gyn~‡Z© Avgvi mvg‡b ivLv, hvi ci‡Z-ci‡Z GKRb Kwei Rxebx|

mywegj emv‡Ki Abycg fvlvšÍ‡i kvevbv AvRwg-iwPZ eBwUi bvg AveŸv| AveŸv A_©vr evev| mšÍv‡bi cÖwZ evevi †hgb DÌvjcv_vj GK Mfxi Av‡eM _v‡K, †mfv‡eB mšÍv‡bi ey‡Ki †fZ‡iI cÖ`x‡ci wkLvi gZ wUgwUg K‡i R¡‡j wcZ…-Av‡eM| †Kgb †m Av‡eM! A™¢zZfv‡e ïiæ K‡i‡Qb kvevbv AvRwg| ÔwZwb KLbI Ab¨‡`i g‡a¨ wQ‡jb bv, wKš‘ ˆkk‡e G-e¨vcviUv Avgvi †QvÆ gM‡R wKQy‡ZB XzK‡Z PvBZ bv... wZwb Awdm †h‡Zb bv, Bs‡iwR‡Z K_v ej‡Zb bv, GgbwK Ab¨‡`i W¨vwW-cvcv‡`i g‡Zv kvU© c¨v›U ci‡Zb bv Ñ Zuvi ci‡b ïay cvRvgv-KzZ©v| W¨vwW-cvcvi cwie‡Z© wZwb †mªd ÔAveŸvÕ wQ‡jb Ñ GB bvgUvI mevi †P‡q Avjv`v Ñ ¯‹z‡j Avgvi eÜz‡`i Kv‡Q Zuvi m¤ú‡K© K_v ej‡Z A¯^w¯Í †eva KiZvg, Zv‡`i wg‡_¨ K_v ejZvg Ñ wZwb weR‡bm K‡ib, bB‡j, fvev hvq, Avwg Zv‡`i eje Avgvi AveŸv kv‡qi?Õ Ôkv‡qiÕ kãwU †evSvi gZ eqm Zuvi ZLb nqwb| Ab¨ eÜz‡`i eveviv hLb wbqg K‡i Awdm †h‡Zb, Zuvi evev ZLb N‡i e‡m KvM‡R Kx me wjL‡Zb| GgbwK Bs‡iwR bv-Rvbvi Rb¨ mšÍv‡bi ¯‹z‡j fwZ©i †ÿ‡Î ÔweL¨vZ kv‡qi m`©vi Rvdixi wewe myjZvbv RvdixÕ I ÔAveŸvi GK eÜz gybxk bvivqY mvK&‡mbvÕ gv-evevi QÙ f‚wgKv cvjb K‡ib| d‡j K‡qK eQi c‡iB GK DrKU mgm¨vi m¤§yLxb nb †QvÆ kvevbv| Ô...fvBm wcÖwÝcvj GKw`b Avgvq †W‡K e‡jb, MZiv‡Z GK gykv‡qivq wZwb Avgvi AveŸv‡K †`‡L‡Qb, wKš‘ Ôc¨v‡i›Um& †WÕ‡Z ¯‹z‡j †h-AveŸv G‡mwQ‡jb Zvi †_‡K G‡Kev‡i Avjv`v| gyn~‡Z© Avgvi cv‡qi Zjvi gvwU m‡i hvq| m‡½-m‡½ Avwg Kvwnwb M‡o wb‡q ewj, MZ K‡qKw`b hver UvBd‡q‡W †fvMvi `iæb AveŸv GZ kxY© `ye©j n‡q c‡o‡Qb †h Zuv‡K †Pbv †ek KóKi n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q...|Õ wKš‘ †ewkw`b GB Avovj ivLv m¤¢e nqwb| msev`c‡Îi †`Šj‡Z Zuvi weL¨vZ evevi bvg cÖKvk n‡ZB GZw`b kvevbvi Ô†hLv‡b j¾v wQj, †mLv‡b †MŠie dz‡U I‡V|Õ Avi Zvi ci †_‡KB Ôe¨wZµgx AveŸv‡K fv‡jv jvM‡Z ïiæ K‡iÕ Kb¨vi| mgqUv wek kZ‡Ki wØZxq `kK| ivwkqvi ej‡kwfK wecø‡ei cÖfve civaxb fvi‡Zi gvwU‡Z G‡m c‡o| †ev¤^vB‡q (gy¤^vB) evw߯’v I we. wR. nvwb©g¨vb 1920 mv‡j ¯’vcb K‡ib †UªW BDwbqb| BwZc~‡e©B 1918-†Z kÖwgK‡`i

135


AwaKvi iÿvi D‡Ï‡k¨ gv`ªv‡R (†PbœvB) ¯’vwcZ n‡qwQj †UªW BDwbqb| DÌvb-cZ‡bi ga¨ w`‡q bZzb GB Av‡›`vjb ax‡i-ax‡i Zvi cÿ we¯Ívi ïiæ K‡i| KvBwd AvRwg (Rb¥ : 14 Rvbyqvwi, 1919) Zuvi †hŠe‡b KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i †g¤^vi nIqvq Ô†iW d¬¨vM njÕ-G _vK‡Zb| †mLv‡b ÔcÖwZwU Kg‡iW cwiev‡ii Rb¨ eivÏ wQj GKUv gvÎ Ni, ev_iæg BZ¨vw` Kgb|Õ Avi †mB †QvÆ eq‡mB cÖ_g †h-is kvevbvi †Pv‡L c‡o, Zv wQj jvj| evB‡ii `iRvi Ici GKUv e„n`vKvi SvÐv Do‡Z _vKZ| Avevi cvwU© †g¤^vi nIqvi Rb¨B Ab¨ Avi cuvPUv evB‡ii cwiev‡ii †_‡K Zuv‡`i Rxeb wQj Avjv`v| ÔAwaKvsk ¯¿x IqvwK©s DBg¨vb n‡jbÕ, d‡j evev-gv `yR‡bi Ic‡iB mšÍvb cvj‡bi `vwqZ¡ eZ©vZ| kvevbvi Av¤§v A_©vr gv kIKvZ KvBwd c„_¡x w_‡qUv‡i KvR Ki‡Zb| Awfb‡qi Rxeb Zuv‡K †e‡Q wb‡Z n‡qwQj Avw_©K cÖ‡qvR‡bi Kvi‡Y| Ô†Kbbv AveŸv hv DcvR©b Ki‡Zb, Zv cvwU©‡K w`‡q w`‡Zb| cvwU© †_‡K gv‡m Pwjøk UvKv Zuv‡K A¨vjvDÝ †`Iqv nZ|Õ mvgvb¨ GB UvKv‡Z KóB nZ PviR‡bi fiY-†cvl‡Yi| KvBwd AvRwgi Kve¨¸‡Yi †mŠi‡f wbR¯^ GK Rv`y wQj| †mB wbg©vY AvKl©Y KiZ eû ¸YxRb‡K| †hgb †eMg AvLZvi, †hgb †Rvk gjxnvev`x, iNycwZ mnvq, d‡qR Avn‡g` d‡qR cÖgyL| Zuv‡`i Rb¨ Avjv`v †Kv‡bv Ni †bB, GgbwK A¨vUvPW& ev_iægI †bB| ÔZuv‡`i Kv‡Q eÜzZ¡ I fvjevmv †h-†Kv‡bv cuvPZviv †nv‡U‡ji †P‡qI e‡ov e¨vcvi|Õ wcZv Zuvi mšÍv‡bi †fZi wPšÍvkxjZvi c_wU Db¥y³ K‡i w`‡qwQ‡jb bvbv Abyl‡½| GB †hgb GKUv NUbv| mg¯Í i‡Oi †fZi Kv‡jv isUvI my›`i| A_P mvZ eQ‡ii †QvÆ kvevbv eÜz‡`i †`LZ, Zviv †mvbvwj Pzj bxj †Pv‡Li ZzjZz‡j cyZzj wb‡q Lywk| ÔwKš‘, GLb Avgvi Kv‡Q mevi †P‡q e¨wZµgx AveŸv‡K fv‡jv jvM‡Z ïiæ Ki‡j, Zuvi †`Iqv Avi mK‡ji †P‡q Avjv`v cyZzjUvI fv‡jv jvM‡Z ïiæ K‡i| Zvici Avwg hLb Kv‡jv cyZzj wb‡q `„p AvZ¥wek¦v‡m mncvwVbx‡`i Kv‡Q hvB, Zv‡`i Avgvi cyZz‡ji ¸Yvewj eY©bv Kwi Ñ ZLb Zv‡`i gb †_‡K †mvbvwj Pzj, bxj bqbv-cyZzjwU S‡i c‡o| Avgvi cÖ_g wkÿvjvf, AveŸv hv Avgvq wkwL‡qwQ‡jb Ñ mvdj¨ Ab¨‡`i AbyKi‡Y bq, eis AvZ¥wek¦v‡m wbwnZ|Õ

136

Avi cieZx©Kv‡j kvevbv hLb Rv‡f` AvLZvi‡K we‡qi wm×všÍ †bb, ZLb evwoi cÖvq mevi GB aviYvB nq †h, Gi cwiYwZ `yt‡Li| wKš‘ †kl AvkÖq †mB `„p †kKo hv Zuv‡K ˆkke †_‡K eÜb AvjMv n‡Z †`qwb| ÔGKw`b Avwg Kw¤úZe‡ÿ AveŸv‡K wR‡Ám Kwi, Avcwb wK g‡b K‡ib Rv‡f` Avgvi Dchy³ bq! wZwb e‡jb Ñ bvn&, Rv‡f` Dchy³, Z‡e Zuvi Ae¯’v Dchy³ bq| ZLb Zuv‡K ewj Ñ ÔwKš‘ Zuvi Ae¯’v †Zv cvj‡U hv‡e| Avcwb wek¦vm Kiæb, Rv‡f‡`i m‡½ Avgvi Rxeb hLb hy³ nqwb, ZLbB Zuvi weevn †f‡O covi Ae¯’vq G‡m `uvwo‡qwQj|Õ wZwb Avgvi K_v wek¦vm K‡ib, Ges wbtk‡ã Avgvi wm×všÍ ¯^xKvi K‡i †bb|Õ wKš‘ ïayB wK wkÿv`vb wcZvi KZ©e¨| Gi AwZwi³ wKQy †bB| ZvI Av‡Q| cÖwZeQi evev Zuvi †mœ‡ni †g‡qwU‡K ÔGwcÖj dzjÕ evbv‡bvi Rb¨ Db¥yL n‡q _vK‡Zb| †g‡q mZK© †_‡KI †Kv‡bv-bv-†Kv‡bvfv‡e evevi duv‡` cv w`‡q †djZ| Ô†mÝ Ae wnDgviÕI wKQy Kg wQj bv Zuvi| evwo‡Z †g‡q Ges †Q‡ji (evev AvRwg) Kv‡Q Ab¨‡`i fvefw½ bKj K‡i †`Lv‡Zb| Avi †mB †KŠZz‡K hLb Awf‡bÎx gvI †hvM w`‡Zb ÔZLb nvm‡Z nvm‡Z Zuvi †PvL w`‡q Rj Mwo‡q coZ|Õ we‡kl K‡i †Pv‡L AvBWªc †`Iqvi NUbv Ges ivRcy‡Îi wbkvbvwelqK e¨_©Zvi MíwU KvBwdi Mnb g‡bi gvbwP‡Îi Av‡iv GKwU w`K| wZwb †L‡Z fvjevm‡Zb| Avi †m-Lvevi Aek¨B DËicÖ‡`‡ki nIqv PvB| ¯¿xi evwoi (nvq`ivev`) UK Wvj ev Ab¨ wKQz Zuvi gy‡L DVZ bv| mivmwi ÔbvÕ e‡j w`‡Zb| A_P mšÍvb‡mœn GgbB †h, kvevbvi ivbœv †L‡Z evwoi Ab¨iv hLb `~‡i m‡i _vK‡Z PvB‡Qb, ZLb ÔAveŸv Ggb AvMÖnf‡i †L‡ZbÕ †hb A‡hva¨vi †Kv‡bv kvwn `¯ÍiLvbvi AmvaviY Lvevi wZwb Lv‡”Qb| GB †mœnejqB AvcøyZ KiZ †jwLKv‡K| evevi †jLv‡jwLi wel‡q `y-GKwU K_v D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb kvevbv| KvBwd hLb †jLv ïiæ Ki‡Zb ZLb †iwWI evRyK, ev”Pviv †PuPv‡gwP KiæK, evwoi †jv‡Kiv Zvm wcUvK ev nBPB KiæK Ñ Zv‡Z Zuvi wPšÍvi †ÿ‡Î DËi‡Y †Kv‡bv evav wQj bv| eis †jLvi mgq Ô÷vwWÕi `iRv †Lvjv †i‡L wZwb RM‡Zi m‡½ GKvZ¥ n‡Z PvB‡Zb| Z‡e Kj‡gi e¨vcv‡i Zuvi Zxeª c¨vkb wQj| ÔgvD›U eøv¼Õ Kjg Qvov wKQzB nv‡Z DVZ bv|

wZwb †m¸‡jv e¨env‡ii ci †`iv‡R Zz‡j ZvjvPvwe w`‡q †i‡L w`‡Zb| Rb¥w`‡b cvIqv Kb¨vi ÔgvD›U eøv¼Õ KjgwUI wZwb wb‡Ri †P¤^v‡i XzwK‡q wb‡qwQ‡jb| Avi †g‡qi eÜz‡K GKwU †mœnfiv wPwV wj‡L fvj K‡i eywS‡q †`b †h, Zvi †`Iqv KjgwU ÔAveŸvi Kv‡Q AwaKZi myiwÿZ _vK‡e|Õ weL¨vZ wcZvi KweZv wel‡q wjL‡Z wM‡q Kb¨vi ¯^xKv‡ivw³, ÔwZwb Zuvi wbR¯^ `ytL I †e`bv‡eva‡KI c„w_exi `ytL I †e`bv‡ev‡ai m‡½ GKvKvi K‡i Dcjwä K‡ib|Õ ÔgKvbÕ, ÔAvIiZ,Õ ÔeûiƒwcYxÕ BZ¨vw` KweZvi †fZi w`‡q kvevbv Lyu‡R cvb GK gnËi mgy`ª| †hLv‡b bvixi AwaKvi, mv¤úª`vwqKZvi weiæ‡× cÖwZev` D¾¡j n‡q I‡V| ZvB w`wjø †_‡K gxivU Ñ GKwU mv¤úª`vwqKZvwe‡ivax c`hvÎvq Ask wb‡Z hv‡eb e‡j kvevbv hLb cÖ¯‘Z ZLb GKRb ev‡` cwiev‡ii Avi mK‡j (gv, fvB, fvB‡qi ¯¿x Zb&ex, ¯^vgx Rv‡f`) evav †`b| wKš‘ †kl ch©šÍ kvevbv AveŸvi N‡i Xz‡K Zuv‡K †QvÆ †g‡qi g‡Zv Mjv Rwo‡q a‡ib| Gici Kx nj Avgiv kvevbv AvRwgi gy‡LB ïwb †m-NUbv| ÔwZwb D‡V Avgvq ey‡K †U‡b †bb, Zvici Avgvi gyLLvbv nv‡Zi Zvjy‡Z Zz‡j Mfxifv‡e jÿ K‡i e‡jb, ÔAvgvi mvnwmbx †g‡q wK fq cv‡”Q? hvI †Zvgvi wKQz n‡e bv|Õ †mB gyn~‡Z© Avgvi g‡b nj, Avgvi †fZ‡i GK bZzb wek¦vm, GK bZzb kw³ mÂvwiZ n‡q‡Q|Õ mywegj emvK m„wókxj iPbvi cvkvcvwk eûw`b a‡iB Abyev`K‡g©i m‡½ hy³| SiS‡i M‡`¨ wZwb GKwUi ci GKwU wel‡q cÖ‡ek-cÖ¯’vb K‡i‡Qb| co‡Z-co‡Z GKeviI g‡b nqwb †h Abyev` cowQ| GB ÿxYZby eBwUi cÖ”Q` AmvaviY| ¸M&j †_‡K †bIqv mv`vKv‡jv cÖ”Q‡` evev-†g‡qi G‡K Ic‡ii cÖwZ wek¦vm, wbf©iZv dz‡U D‡V‡Q| Gi m‡½ MÖ‡š’i bvgv¼bI Awfbe| cÖ_g †`Lv‡ZB wmœ» †mŠ›`h© g‡bi †fZi RvqMv K‡i wb‡Z eva¨| ïay †kl‡ejvq `y-GKwU K_v i‡q hvq| mg¯Í fvlvšÍ‡i ÔKvBdxÕ evbvb †jLv n‡jI ÔK_v cÖm‡½Õ As‡k ÔKvBwdÕ †jLv n‡q‡Q| †Kb? Avi me©v½my›`i eBwUi m‡½ KvBwd AvRwgi mswÿß Rxebx hw` _vKZ, Zvn‡j Dc‡fvM¨Zvi cwigvY evoZ| wØZxq cÖKv‡k Zv hy³ n‡e, GB wek¦vm †_‡K Ggb GKwU ¯^v`yMÖš’ cvV †kl KiwQ| r

Kali O Kalam January 2017  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you