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cwigv‡YB †m e¨_© n‡”Q mvwnZ¨‡K AvbyKj‚ ¨ w`‡Z| Av‡Mi cÖhwy ³i m‡½ GKv‡ji cÖhwy ³i g~j cv_©K¨Uv GLv‡bB| Pwi‡Î bq, e¨env‡i| mvwn‡Z¨i m‡½ d¨vwmev‡`i we‡ivaUvI bZzb bq; GUv cÖvPxb MÖxK `vk©wbK †cø‡Uvi †jLv‡ZI †`Lv †M‡Q| wb‡R AZ¨šÍ eogv‡ci mvwnwZ¨K n‡qI †cø‡Uv mvwnZ¨we‡ivax wQ‡jb; Kwe‡`i‡K wZwb cQ›` Ki‡Zb wbe©vm‡b cvVv‡Z| Gi GKUv KviY Kweiv gvby‡li g‡a¨ Av‡e‡Mi m„wó K‡ib, Ges Av‡eM †kÖYxwefvRb gv‡b bv| Iw`‡K †cø‡Uv wb‡R wek¦vm Ki‡Zb †h, †kÖYxwefvRb n‡”Q iv‡óªi ¯’vqx wfwË; IwU fvO‡j ivóª Zvi Av`k© PwiÎ nvwi‡q †dj‡e| †cø‡Uvi IB wPšÍvwU wQj AMYZvwš¿K| †Kej AMYZvwš¿KB bq, AvaywbK cwifvlvq ej‡Z †M‡j ej‡Z nq d¨vwmev`x| d¨vwmev`x ivóª me mg‡qB mvwnZ¨we‡ivax| n‡ZB n‡e| wnUjv‡ii MÖšw’ e‡ivwaZv Ges 1971 mv‡ji evsjv‡`‡ki Avj-e`i‡`i Ôwn›`y‡`i-†jLvÕ eB †_‡K MÖšv’ Mvi‡K gy³ Kievi AvKv•ÿv GKB d¨vwmev`x cÖ‡Yv`bv †_‡K †h D™¢Z ‚ Zv‡Z m‡›`n Kx! cywu Rev`x e¨e¯’vi GKUv m¼U cÖKvk †c‡qwQj `yB wek¦h‡y ×i mg‡q| wØZxq wek¦h‡y ×i Aemv‡bi c~‡e© Ges Zuvi wb‡Ri g„Z¨z i K‡qK mßvn Av‡M iex›`ªbv_ Zuvi †kl cÖeÜwU †j‡Lb| bvg w`‡qwQ‡jb Ômf¨Zvi msKUÕ| mf¨Zvi IB m¼UwU Avm‡j wQj cywu Rev‡`iB m¼U| †mB m¼U GLb Av‡iv Mfxi I DrKU n‡q‡Q| wew”QbœZv I †fvMevw`Zv e„w× †c‡q‡Q, Avi †e‡o‡Q mwnsmZv| mviv c„w_ex GLb f‡q Kuvc‡Q, AvZ‡¼ †m Aw¯’i| cywu Rev‡`i †gvKvwejv Kivi Rb¨ mvwn‡Z¨i ZvB LyeB `iKvi| A¯¿ IB `vbe‡K civf‚Z Ki‡e bv| cÖhwy ³I cvi‡e bv| Zviv P‡j hv‡e gvwj‡Ki A_©vr cywu Rev‡`i c‡ÿ| cvi‡e gvbyl, †h gvbyl kw³, mvnm I c‡_i mÜvb cv‡e `vk©wbKZvi †fZi, Ges `k©b RxešÍ n‡q DV‡e mvwnZ¨PP©vi ga¨ w`‡q| mvwn‡Z¨i KvR m¤ú‡K© iex›`ªbv_ bvbv RvqMv‡Z e‡j‡Qb| Zuvi Rxe‡bi cÖ_g mvwnZ¨cv‡Vi AwfÁZv wQj ÔRj c‡o cvZv b‡oÕ cov| wZwb wjL‡Qb, †mw`‡bi Avb›` AvRI hLb g‡b c‡o ZLb eywS‡Z cvwi, KweZvi g‡a¨ wgj wRwbmUvi GZ cÖ‡qvRb †Kb| wgj Av‡Q ewjqvB K_vUv †kl nBqvI †kl nq bv Ñ Zvnvi e³e¨ hLb dzivq ZL‡bv Zvnvi SsKviUv dzivq bv Ñ wgjUv‡K jBqv Kv‡bi m‡½ †Ljv Pwj‡Z _v‡K| Ggwb Kwiqv wdwiqv wdwiqv †mw`b Avgvi mg¯Í ˆPZ‡b¨i g‡a¨ Rj cwo‡Z I cvZv bwo‡Z jvwMj| kã, Q›`, aŸwb mKj wKQz GKÎ n‡q bvwo‡q †`q, RvwM‡q †Zv‡j| ˆPZ‡b¨i e¨vcviUvB me †P‡q ¸iæZ¡cY~ |© RvMi‡Yi AwfÁZv m¤ú‡K© Ab¨Î iex›`ªbv_ wj‡L‡Qb, ÔwkïKv‡j †Kej †PvL w`qv †`Lv‡ZB Af¨¯Í nBqv wMqvwQjvg, AvR †hb G‡Kev‡i mg¯Í ˆPZb¨ w`qv †`wL‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwijvg|Õ mvwnZ¨ ˆPZb¨‡K †h RvwM‡q †`q †m Zvi aŸwbi Kvi‡Y bq ïay, `vk©wbKZvi Kvi‡YI| e¯‘Z `vk©wbKZv bv _vK‡j †Kv‡bv iPbvB mvwnZ¨ nq bv, gnr mvwnZ¨ nevi cÖkBœ I‡V bv| mvwn‡Z¨ bv›`wbKZv Acwinvh©, wKš‘ bv›`wbKZv wb‡RB my›`i nq †fZiKvi MfxiZvi `iæb| `vk©wbK MfxiZv I bv›`wbKZvi †fZi GKUv Ø›Ø Pj‡Z _v‡K| †mUv A‰eix Ø›Ø| hvi `iæb bv›`wbKZv cvq MfxiZv, Ges `vk©wbKZv cvq `„k¨gvbZv| mvwnZ¨wePv‡i gbbkxjZv I m„RbkxjZv‡K fvM K‡i †`Levi GKUv †iIqvR Av‡Q; †mwU‡K †ekx `~i wb‡q hvIqvUv wbZvšÍ AmvwnwZ¨K KvR; KviY mvwnZ¨gv‡ÎB gbbkxj; Ges m„RbkxjZv me©`vB gbbkxjZv‡K LuR y ‡Z _v‡K, hy× AvnŸvb K‡i kw³e„w×i AvKv•ÿvq| mvwn‡Z¨i `vq _v‡K GKB m‡½ Mfxi I my›`i nevi, Ges hZ †m Mfxi nq ZZB ev‡o Zvi †mŠ›`h©, Ges †m-Kvi‡Y ev‡o Zvi AvKl©Y| `„óvšÍ cvIqv hv‡e Anin| gvB‡Kj gaym~`b `Ë Ges Ck¦i


DBwjqvg †kKm&cxqi ¸ß `yÕR‡bB AZ¨šÍ eogv‡ci Kwe| AmvaviY Zuv‡`i Q›`-`ÿZv I kãe¨envi-†KŠkj| wKš‘ `yÕR‡bi mvwnwZ¨K g~j¨ `yÕai‡bi| Zvi cÖavb KviY gaym`~ ‡bi Mfxi `vk©wbKZv Ges `k©‡bi e¨vcv‡i Ck¦i ¸‡ßi Abxnv| gaym`~ b Mfx‡i †M‡Qb, Ck¦i ¸ß †h‡Z Pvb wb| ew¼gP›`ª AbyivMx wQ‡jb Ck¦i ¸‡ßi, wKš‘ wZwbI `ytL bv K‡i cv‡ib wb GB e‡j †h, IB Kwei ÔGZUv cÖwZfv BqviwK‡ZB dzivBj|Õ Aci w`‡K gaym`~ ‡bi g„Z¨z ‡Z Zuvi gšÍe¨ wQj, ÔGB f‚gЇj ev½vjx RvwZi †MŠie nB‡e| †Kb bv e½‡`k †iv`b Kwi‡Z wkwLqv‡Q Ñ AKc‡U ev½vjx, ev½vjx Kwei Rb¨ †iv`b Kwi‡Z‡Q|Õ wKš‘ `k©b wb‡R †h ¯^vaxb Zv bq| `k©‡b BwZnvm _v‡K; BwZnv‡mi †fZi †_‡KB mvwnwZ¨Kiv †j‡Lb, Zuv‡`i †jLv mgmvgwqK BwZnvm‡K Qvwo‡q hvq, wKš‘ mg‡qi Øviv †jL‡Ki `vk©wbK wPšÍv cÖfvweZ nq| †Kej mgq bq, Qvc c‡o †`‡kiI| †kÖYxiI| †kKm&cxqi I mv‡f©w›UR GKB mg‡qi gvbyl| wgj Av‡Q Zuv‡`i †fZi, MiwgjI cÖPiz | †kKm&cxq‡ii †kÖôZ¡ Uª¨v‡RwW‡Z, mv‡f©w›U‡Ri †kÖôZ¡ gnvKvwe¨K Dcb¨v‡m| `yÕR‡bi e¨eav‡bi GKUv e¨vL¨v n‡Z cv‡i ¯’v‡bi wfwˇZ| Bsj¨vÛ I †¯úb Kv‡Qi n‡jI †ek `~‡ii; GKwU kx‡Zi †`k, AciwU DòZvi| GKwU Dˇii AciwU `wÿ‡Yi| GB cv_©K¨wUi K_v e‡j‡Qb iæk bvU¨Kvi Zz‡M©wbf| Zuvi aviYv gvbyl `yÕiK‡gi nq; GKwUi cÖwZwbwa †kKm&cxq‡ii n¨vg‡jU, AciwUi mv‡f©w›U‡Ri Wb KzBKRU| n¨vg‡jU wPšÍvcÖeY, welYœ, Ave×; Zvi †cQ‡b i‡q‡Q kxZvZ© DËi| Wb KzBKRU Kg©e¨¯Í, `ytmvnmx, Db¥³ y ; cÖwZwbwa †m Dò `wÿ‡Yi| Z‡e cv_©‡K¨i e¨vL¨v Kivi Rb¨ †`k h‡_ó bq, Avb‡Z nq BwZnvm‡KI| Bsj¨v‡Ûi BwZnvm Avi †¯ú‡bi BwZnvm GK bq| †¯ú‡bi ZLb mvgªvR¨ wQj, Bsj¨v‡Ûi hv wQj bv| ¯§iY Ki‡Z nq `yB †jL‡Ki e¨w³MZ BwZnvm‡KI| †kKm&cxqi gd¯^‡ji †jvK| fvM¨v‡š^l‡Y Zuv‡K †h‡Z n‡q‡Q jÛ‡b; †mLv‡b Awfbq K‡i‡Qb, bvUK wj‡L‡Qb, fv‡jv Avq DcvR©b n‡q‡Q; wb‡Ri kn‡i wd‡i eo GKUv evox wK‡b‡Qb| Aci

w`‡K mv‡f©w›UR eo kn‡i eo n‡q‡Qb; †hŠe‡b †hvM w`‡qwQ‡jb †bŠevwnbx‡Z; hy× K‡i‡Qb, e›`x n‡q‡Qb Rj`my¨‡`i nv‡Z, gyw³ †c‡q‡Qb gyw³cY wgwU‡q w`‡q| miKvix LvRbv msMÖ‡ni KvR wb‡qwQ‡jb, wVKgZ wnmve w`‡Z bv-†c‡i †Rj †L‡U‡Qb| BwZnv‡mi GB wfbœZv c_ K‡i wb‡q‡Q Zuv‡`i mvwn‡Z¨I| wKš‘ GB `yB eo †jL‡Ki wgj Av‡Q `vk©wbKZvq| GB mv`„k¨ Qvwo‡q hvq Zuv‡`i cv_©K¨‡K| `vk©wbKZvUv Zuv‡`i m„ó PwiÎ n¨vg‡jU I Wb KzBKR‡Ui AvPi‡Y, A½xKv‡i I Dw³‡Z cvIqv hv‡e| Df‡qB `uvwo‡q‡Q b¨v‡qi c‡ÿ Ges Ab¨v‡qi weiæ‡×| `yÕR‡bi †KDB Rqx n‡Z cv‡i wb †kl ch©š|Í Df‡qi cwiYwZB KiæY; wKš‘ cvV‡Ki mnvbyfw‚ Z _v‡K Zv‡`i Rb¨| we‡klfv‡e n¨vg‡j‡Ui Rb¨| Zvi `yt‡L Avgiv KvZi nB, AvZw¼Z nB Zvi wec‡`| Gfv‡e wb‡Ri e¨w³MZ MwÐi evB‡i P‡j hvB Avgiv| DbœZ nB Abyfw‚ Zi Abykxj‡bi †fZi w`‡q| mvwn‡Z¨i `vq IBwUI, ˆbwZK cÖk‡œ K Abyf‡ei e¨vcvi K‡i †Zvjv| n¨vg‡j‡Ui cÖvq `yÕk eQi c‡i, Ebwesk kZvãxi Av‡iK ZiæY, `¯Íqfw¯‹i ivmKjwbKfI wVK K‡iwQj jo‡e †m b¨v‡qi c‡ÿ `uvwo‡q| ivmKjwbKf `¯Íqfqw¯‹i Aciva I kvw¯Íi (Bs‡iRx‡Z µvBg A¨vÛ cvwbm‡g›U) bvqK| n¨vg‡j‡Ui g‡Zv GB ZiæYI wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎ| n¨vg‡jU c‡o‡Q `k©b, ivmKjwbKf c‡o‡Q AvBb| ivmKjwbKf ivwkqvi ivRavbx wcUvm©ev‡M© _v‡K| GKw`‡K †m †`‡L wejvm I cÖvPzh,© Ab¨w`‡K AwZkq wbg©g `vwi`ª¨| ivmKjwbKf ivRcyÎ bq, wbgœ ga¨weË N‡ii mšÍvb; `wi`ªB ej‡Z nq Zv‡K| Zvi wcZv †bB, weaev gv‡qi A_©‰bwZK Ae¯’v KiæY, †evbwU‡K we‡q w`‡Z n‡”Q Acv‡Î| ivmKjwbKf B”Qv Ki‡j DcvR©b nq‡Zv wKQz Ki‡Z cvi‡Zv, AšÍZ M„nwkÿKZv cvIqvUv Am¤¢e wQj bv Zvi c‡ÿ; wKš‘ Zvi wPšÍv AZ¨šÍ DuP|z Kuv‡a Zvi fi K‡i‡Q c„w_exUv‡K e`jvevi `vwqZ¡| e`jvevi Rb¨ wb‡R‡K †m †b‡cvwjqb wn‡m‡e †`L‡Z cvq; IB mgªvU iæk †`k‡K hw`I `Lj Kievi Rb¨ AvµgY K‡iwQj| †b‡cvwjqb nevi wPšÍvUv G‡m‡Q `vk©wbK Kvi‡Y; bxr‡mi `k©b covi d‡j| bxr‡m AwZgvb‡ei aviYv cÖPvi K‡i‡Qb| bxr‡mi g‡Zv †mI g‡b K‡i, c„w_exUv gvby‡l bq, KxU cZ‡½ fiv| KxU cZ½‡`i euvPevi †Kv‡bv AwaKvi †bB| ivmKjwbK‡fi `yÕ‡ejv Lvevi †Rv‡U bv| †m Zvi AvswUwU eÜK †i‡L‡Q, †hwU Zvi gv‡qi †`qv| AvswUwU Qvov‡Z cv‡i wb| Gevi eÜK ivL‡Z †M‡Q nv‡Zi NwowU, †hwU †m Zvi evevi KvQ †_‡K †c‡q‡Q| eÜK †i‡L‡Q †h gwnjvi Kv‡Q †m GK e„×v; _v‡K †m GKvKx, WvBbxi g‡Zv Zvi AvPvi-AvPiY| my`‡Lvi gwnjvi A‡bK UvKv| ivmKjwbKf fv‡e, Gi †Zv euvPviB †Kv‡bv AwaKvi †bB| †m Zv‡K nZ¨v K‡i †djj; wVK UvKvi †jv‡f bq, A‡bKUvB N„YvekZ| NUbvµ‡g gwnjvi †evb ZLb G‡m c‡o‡Q| †mI _v‡K IB evox‡ZB| mvÿx bv-ivLvi cÖ‡qvR‡b Zv‡KI nZ¨v Ki‡Z n‡jv| Gi c‡iB ïiæ nq Zvi Avmj hš¿Yv| ivmKjwbKf Amy¯’ n‡q c‡o| cywj‡ki †jv‡Ki m‡½ jy‡KvPzwi †Ljv Zvi Rb¨ Amn¨ n‡q `uvovq| †kl ch©šÍ †m ¯^xKvi K‡i Zvi Aciva| Zvi kvw¯Í nq; mvB‡ewiqv‡Z wbe©vmb| ivmKjwbKf c„w_ex‡K e`jvevi K_v fvewQj, †kl ch©šÍ AvwZ¥K gyw³i c_ Lu‡y R †cj †m evB‡e‡j| ag©Mš Ö ’ Zvi Kv‡Q mvwnZ¨MÖš’ n‡q I‡V, †hgbUv N‡UwQj iwebmb µz‡kvi †ÿ‡Î| bxr‡mi AwZgvbeZvev` Z¨vM K‡i †m P‡j Av‡m whï wLª‡÷i mij Rxe‡bi Kv‡Q| MÖšc ’ v‡V †m AÜKvi †_‡K Av‡jvi c_ Lu‡y R cvq| c‡_i fv‡jvg›` Ab¨cÖk;œ MÖš’ †h c_ †`Lv‡”Q GUvB Zvrch©cY~ |© bxr‡mi mvwnZ¨ Zv‡K GKw`‡K †U‡bwQj, evB‡ej wb‡q †Mj G‡Kev‡i wecixZ w`‡K| AvZ¥`‡¤¢i RvqMvUv P‡j †Mj web‡qi `L‡j| `¯Íqfw¯‹ wb‡RI c_ Lu‡y RwQ‡jb| mgv‡R wZwbI `ytmn

7


Ab¨vq †`‡L‡Qb, Ges cwieZ©b PvBwQ‡jb| †hŠe‡b wZwb ˆ¯^ivPvix RviZ‡š¿i D‡”Q`Kvgx mk¯¿ wecøex‡`i `‡j †hvM w`‡qwQ‡jb| IB Ae¯’v‡ZB GKevi aiv c‡ob| Zuvi cÖvY`Ðv‡`k nq, duvwm n‡q hvevi K_v, wVK Av‡Mi gyn‡‚ Z© Qvov cvb; wKš‘ Kviv`Ð †fvM K‡ib Pvi eQ‡ii| Z‡e wZwb mgvR wecø‡ei c‡ÿ wQ‡jb bv, wek¦vm Ki‡Zb e¨w³i ü`q cwieZ©‡b| ivmKjwbKf‡K Zvi evB‡ej-cvV †h RvqMvq wb‡q wM‡qwQj P‡j hvq †m †mB MšÍ‡e¨| `¯Íqfw¯‹i ciciB iæk fvlvi †kÖô Jcb¨vwmK Uj÷‡qi AvMgb| mvZ eQi c‡i| Uj÷qI mgvR-wecø‡ei c‡ÿ wQ‡jb bv; wKš‘ wecøex‡`i Avbv‡Mvbv Av‡Q Zuvi mvwn‡Z¨| †jwfb bv‡gi PwiÎwU Avbœv Kv‡iwbbv Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK bq, cÖwZbvqK †m; Zv‡K †`‡L bvqK‡K Ges Ab¨‡`i‡KI fv‡jvfv‡e †Pbvi e¨vcv‡i myweav nq| †jwf‡bi fvB‡`i GKRb mgvRweÁvbx, Av‡iKRb mgvRwecøex| wKš‘ GB `yBR‡bi †KDB mdj bq; mdj †jwfbB, †h e¨w³gvwjKvbvq Av¯’v nvivq wb wVKB, wKš‘ Drcv`‡bi †ÿ‡Î kÖg‡K me©vwaK ¸iæZ¡cY~ © Dcv`vb e‡j g‡b K‡i, Ges wb‡Ri K…wlf‚wg‡Z K…wlKv‡Ri mgq K…lK‡`i m‡½ Kv‡R nvZ jvMvq| Uj÷‡qi Ab¨ Dcb¨vm cybiæÌv‡b (Bs‡iRx bvg †iRv‡iKkb) wecøex‡`i f‚wgKv wKš‘ AcÖZ¨ÿ bq| †mLv‡b bvqK GKRb f‚¯v^ gx, c‡i †h n‡qwQj mvgwiK evwnbxi eo Awdmvi; wKš‘ ˆbwZKfv‡e †m †n‡i hvq GKRb wecøexi Kv‡Q| wecøex‡`i Av‡iKR‡bi _wji †fZi Kvj© gvK©‡mi eB DuwK w`‡”Q, Avgiv, cvV‡Kiv, †`L‡Z cvB| n¨vg‡jU, Wb KzBKRU, Aciva I kvw¯Í, Avbœv Kv‡iwbbv Ñ GB iPbv¸‡jvi meKqwUB wKš‘ GKB Lei wewfbœ Dcv‡q w`‡”Q; †mUv n‡jv GB †h, Ab¨vq‡K civ¯Í Kivi KvRUv GKvKx †Póvq m¤¢e bq, Zvi Rb¨ hy³ n‡Z nq Ab¨‡`i m‡½| Avi `¯Íqfw¯‹ Ges Uj÷q hw`I mgvRwecø‡ei c‡ÿ †j‡Lb wb, wKš‘ Zuv‡`i †jLv 1917 mv‡ji ej‡kwfK wecøe‡K mvnvh¨ K‡i‡Q| GB †hvMv‡hvMUv A¯^vfvweK †Kv‡bv e¨vcvi bq| A‡bK †ÿ‡ÎB mvwnZ¨ mvwnwZ¨‡Ki D‡Ïk¨‡K Qvwo‡q hvq, mvwnwZ¨‡Ki webvbygwZ‡ZB| `¯Íqfw¯‹ Ges Uj÷q Df‡qB wecøe-c~ee© Zx© iæk mgv‡Ri AšÍtmvik~b¨Zv I wbôziZv‡K D‡b¥vwPZ K‡i w`‡q wecø‡ei AvMgb‡K mvnvh¨ K‡i‡Qb; Ges ZiæY Av`k©ev`x‡`i‡KI Rvwb‡q w`‡q‡Qb G Lei †h, GKvKx hvÎvq mvdj¨ Avm‡e bv| hw`I `yÕR‡bi †KDB mk¯¿ Afz¨Ìv‡bi c‡ÿ wQ‡jb bv|

`yB IB †h GKvwKZ¡ gvby‡li; NUbv, `yNU© bv, Ae¯’vb BZ¨vw` Kvi‡Y hv N‡U, †mUv‡K `~i KivB n‡”Q mvwn‡Z¨i cÖavb `vq| GKvwKZ¡Uv K…wÎg; msjMœ _vKvUvB ¯^vfvweK| wKš‘ msjMœ _vKv hvq bv; bvbvfv‡e, wewfbœ c‡_ wew”QbœZv G‡m c‡o gvby‡li Rxe‡b| Avi †m Rb¨B mvwn‡Z¨i KvRUv Riæix n‡q I‡V| Uj÷‡qi bvwqKv Avbœv Kv‡iwbbvi w`‡K Avevi ZvKv‡bv hvK| Avbœvi m‡½ Zvi ¯^vgxi eq‡mi e¨eavb wek eQ‡ii| bvix n‡q IVvi Av‡MB †m ¯¿x I gvZv n‡q †M‡Q| ¯^vgx-¯¿xi m¤úK©Uv wbweo bq, wKš‘ GKgvÎ cyÎmšÍvbwUi Rb¨ Zvi †mœn AK…wÎg| Avbœvi g‡a¨ Av‡Q †¯^”Qv‡mexi g‡bvfve| fvB‡qi `v¤úZ¨ Rxe‡b GKwU m¼U †`Lv w`‡q‡Q, ZvB mšÍvbwU‡K †i‡L †m P‡j G‡m‡Q g‡¯‹v‡Z| ¯^vgxi m‡½ Zv‡K _vK‡Z nq ivRavbx wcUvm©ev‡M©| fvB‡qi mgm¨vi GKUv mgvavb Kiv †M‡Q, GLb †m †diZ hv‡”Q wcUvm©ev‡M©| hv‡”Q †Uª‡b K‡i, iv‡Zi †ejv| evB‡i ZzlvicvZ I So Pj‡Q| †Uª‡bi Kvgivq emv Ae¯’vq Zvi †fZ‡i A¯^w¯Í| †m GKUv Bs‡iRx Dcb¨vm co‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q| Bs‡iRx Dcb¨vm co‡Z Zvi †Kv‡bv Amyweav †bB| iæk †`‡ki ey‡R©vqviv ZLb hZUv ¯’vbxq Zvi †P‡q †ekx BD‡ivcxq| Zviv wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ K_vevZ©v e‡j divmx fvlvq, mvwnZ¨ c‡o

8

iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi BD‡ivcxq| Bs‡iRx Dcb¨vmwU co‡Z co‡Z Avbœvi Abyfw‚ ZB n‡”Q GB iK‡gi : ÔDcb¨v‡mi bvwqKv hLb GKRb Amy¯’ gvby‡li ïkÖƒlv Ki‡Q ZLb Zvi wb‡Ri B”Qv nw”Qj wbtkã c`‡ÿ‡c IB †ivMxi Kvgivq nuvUevi; hLb †m cowQj cvj©v‡g‡›U GKRb m`m¨ e³…Zv Ki‡Q, ZLb Zvi B”Qv KiwQj †mI e³…Zv Ki‡e; hLb †m co‡jv †jWx †gix Kxfv‡e †Nvovq P‡o hv‡”Q, m‡½ P‡j‡Q Zvi KzKiz ¸‡jv, gwnjv we‡qi K‡bwU‡K VvÆv Ki‡Q, Ges wb‡Ri mvnm w`‡q mevB‡K ¯Íw¤¢Z K‡i w`‡”Q, ZLb ZviI B”Qv Ki‡Q IiKgUv Ki‡Z|Õ wKš‘ †m †`L‡Z cv‡”Q Zvi gb em‡Q bv cov‡Z| †Rvi K‡i co‡jv †m †mB RvqMvUv †hLv‡b Dcb¨v‡mi bvqK bZzb Dcvwa †c‡q Ges GKwU Lvgv‡ii gvwjK n‡q Zvi Bs‡iRx-myL cÖvq c~Y© K‡i †d‡j‡Q ZLb Zvi m‡½ †mI †h‡Z PvB‡jv Lvgv‡i; wKš‘ nVvr K‡i Zvi j¾v †cj wK Rvwb †Kb| j¾vi †Mvcb KviY fvex †cÖwgK åbw¯‹i K_v Zvi g‡b cov, hvi m‡½ Zvi GB cÖ_g †`Lv g‡¯‹v‡Z; Avbœv GB cÖ_gev‡ii g‡Zv AvZ¥m‡PZb n‡q D‡V‡Q, †m AwZµg K‡i †h‡Z Pv‡”Q wb‡R‡K; cvi‡Q bv, j¾v cv‡”Q; Zvi †fZi K…wÎgZv †`Lv w`‡q‡Q| Gi c‡i Zvi AvZ¥m‡PZbZv evo‡e, †`Lv hv‡e †m ev”Pv‡`i Rb¨ eB wjL‡Q, wKš‘ wb‡Ri †g‡qwUi hZœ wb‡”Q bv| Zvi AvZ¥m‡PZbZv Av‡iv evo‡e, Av‡iv †ekx K…wÎg n‡e †m, Ges †kl ch©šÍ AvZ¥nZ¨v Ki‡e †Uª‡bi Bwćbi bx‡P wb‡R‡K wb‡ÿc K‡i| †mw`b ivwÎ †ejvq †Uª‡b e‡m eB co‡Z wM‡q †m †h wb‡R‡K fzj‡Z cviwQj bv, IBLv‡b Zvi mvwnZ¨cv‡V e¨_©Zv| mvwn‡Z¨i `vq _v‡K cvVK‡K Ab¨ GKUv RM‡Z wb‡q hvevi, cvVK †hLv‡b AvZ¥m‡PZb _vK‡e bv, fz‡j hv‡e wb‡R‡K, evwm›`v n‡q co‡e IB bZzb fze‡bi| bv-cvi‡j †mUv mvwn‡Z¨i e¨_©Zv| Z‡e e¨_©Zv n‡Z cv‡i cvV‡KiI; Avbœvi †ejv‡Z †hgbUv N‡UwQj| mvwn‡Z¨i IB fzebUv wK G‡Kev‡iB Avjv`v? Zv‡K wØZxq fzeb ejvUv wK mKj A‡_© h_v_©? Zv †eva Kwi bq| †Kbbv mvwnZ¨ n‡”Q Rxe‡biB m¤úªmviY; Rxeb †_‡K wew”Qbœ bq †m| mvwn‡Z¨i KvR hy³ Kiv, Ges wb‡RI †m wew”Qbœ nq bv Rxeb †_‡K, wew”Qbœ n‡j Zvi g~j¨ _v‡K bv|


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gv‡j©v dvD÷‡K wb‡q GKwU Uª¨vwRK bvUK wj‡L‡Qb; bvg †i‡L‡Qb W±i d÷vm| GB bvU‡K d÷vm Zuvi Ávb wb‡q Z…ß bb, wZwb Av‡iv Av‡iv A‡bK Ávb Pvb, †fZ‡i †fZ‡i †jvf Ck¦‡ii g‡Zv ÿgZvevb n‡eb| †gwd‡÷vwdwj‡mi Rb¥MZ KvR gvby‡li m‡½ kÎæZv Kiv; †m †`L‡jv GB Ávbx‡K Kâv KivUv GKUv fv‡jv KvR| †gwd‡÷vwdwjm Pzw³ Ki‡jv d÷v‡mi m‡½| d÷v‡mi f…Z¨ wn‡m‡e KvR Ki‡e, d÷v‡mi mg¯Í B”Qv †m c~iY Ki‡e, GgbwK g„Z gvbyl‡K RxweZ K‡i Zzjevi ÿgZv ch©šÍ G‡b †`‡e, PweŸk eQi a‡i d÷vm me myL †fvM Ki‡e, wKš‘ Zvic‡i Zvi AvZ¥v‡K †gwd‡÷vwdwjm wb‡q P‡j hv‡e| Pzw³ c~iY n‡q‡Q, PweŸk eQi c‡i dvD‡÷i AvZ¥v‡K hLb bi‡K wb‡q hvIqv n‡”Q †mB gynZ ‚ w© UB bvU‡Ki me‡P‡q D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Ask| bi‡K cÖ‡e‡ki Av‡MB IB Ávbx, ¸Yx I ÿgZvevb gvbylwUi biKhš¿Yv †fvM Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| gv‡j©v †i‡bmuv‡mi bvU¨Kvi| †i‡bmuvm †mB hy‡M gvbyl hLb wek¦vm Ki‡Zv †h, ÁvbB n‡”Q kw³| gv‡j©vi d÷vm ZvB Ávb Pvq, kw³ Z_v ÿgZv‡K e„w× Kievi Rb¨| GB Ávb GKvšÍB Zvi wb‡Ri Rb¨| †gwd‡÷vwdwjmI ÿgZvevb, wKš‘ Zvi ÿgZv Kv‡R jv‡M gvby‡li Ag½j Ki‡Z| d÷vm †m-ai‡bi ÿgZv Pvq bv| Z‡e Ávbx I Zvi cÖwZcÿ IB kqZv‡bi †fZi GK RvqMvq m~² GKUv wgj wKš‘ i‡q hv‡”Q, †hUv m¤^‡Ü d÷vm wb‡R m‡PZb bb| wgjUv GBLv‡b †h, Zviv Df‡qB AvZ¥‡Kw›`ªK| wµ‡÷vdvi gv‡j©vi `yB kZvãx c‡i Rvg©vbxi †kÖô Kwe †M¨‡U dvD‡÷i Kvwnbx wb‡q Zuvi †kÖô mvwnZ¨Kg©wU m„wó K‡i‡Qb| GB dvD÷ wKš‘ wfbœ gvbyl| wZwb AvZ¥‡Kw›`ªK bb, Zuvi AvKv•ÿvI Áv‡bi, wKš‘ Áv‡bi Av‡cwÿKZvUv wZwb Rv‡bb, Rv‡bb Áv‡bi †kl †bB, Ges Rv‡bb †h †mB gyn‡‚ Z©B wZwb wbt‡kl n‡q hv‡eb †h gyn‡‚ Z© Zuvi g‡b n‡e Avi wKQz cvevi †bB| †M¨‡Ui †gwd‡÷vwdwjm †i‡bmuv‡mi mgqKvi bq; Zvi me KvRKg© cywu Rev‡`i `ytkvm‡bi Kv‡ji| ZZw`‡b †i‡bmuv‡mi gvbegyw³ AvUKv c‡o †M‡Q evwYR¨ I `my¨Zvi Rv‡j, e¨w³MZ m¤úwËi jvjmv AvµgY K‡i‡Q gvby‡li mvgvwRK mËv‡K; divmx wecøe cv‡i wb wb‡Ri †NvwlZ jÿ¨¸‡jv AR©b Ki‡Z, gvby‡li g‡b nZvkv I K¬vwšÍ †`Lv w`‡q‡Q| †gwd‡÷vwdwjm‡K †`Lv hv‡”Q GKevi Av‡m KzKiz n‡q, Avevi Av‡m f`ª‡jvK †m‡R; `yÕwUB Zvi ¯^vfvweK QÙ‡ek| gvbyl‡K †m g‡b K‡i NvmdwoO-Gi g‡Zv jvdvjvwd-Kiv GKwU cZ½we‡kl, †h cZ½wU Nv‡mi ivR‡Z¡ _vK‡jB fv‡jv Ki‡Zv, wKš‘ jvwd‡q wM‡q gyL †Muv‡R †m AveR©bvq, GgbB Zvi ¯^fve| Iw`‡K Ck¦i gvbyl‡K LyeB cQ›` K‡ib; gvbyl‡K wZwb M‡o‡Qb A‡bKUv wb‡Ri cÖwZwe¤^ wn‡m‡e| gvbyl‡`i g‡a¨ †kÖô n‡”Q W±i dvD÷| †gwd‡÷vwdwj‡mi ¯^fve Ck¦i‡K P¨v‡jÄ Kiv| †m e‡j IB †kÖô‡K †m cvi‡e ayjvevwj LvB‡q Qvo‡Z| Ck¦i Zv‡K AbygwZ †`b| †gwd‡÷vwdwjm G‡m f…Z¨ n‡q hvq dvD‡÷i, e‡j hv ej‡eb ZvB Ki‡ev, Avwg Avcbvi `vmvby`vm| Zvi B”Qv dvD÷‡K †m wb‡q Avm‡e wb‡Ri c‡_, Ávbx gvbylwU‡K †m Zvi wb‡Ri g‡ZvB AvZ¥‡Kw›`ªK K‡i Qvo‡e| A‡bK †Póv K‡i‡Q, wKš‘ cv‡i wb| KviY dvD÷ AvZ¥‡Kw›`ªK n‡Z m¤§Z nb wb| dvD‡÷i wcZv wQ‡jb c‡ivcKvix wPwKrmK; dvD÷I ZvB i‡q †M‡Qb, wZwb DcKvi Ki‡Z Pvb gvby‡li| C÷vi Dcj‡ÿ Drme e‡m‡Q bM‡i, me gvbyl †ei n‡q G‡m‡Q em‡šÍi D`vi AvnŸv‡b; hv B”Qv ZvB Kievi ÿgZv †c‡q‡Qb †h dvD÷ wZwb wKš‘ P‡j hv‡”Qb IB gvbyl‡`i fx‡o| Zuvi †fZi An¼vi †bB, `¤¢ †bB, †bB wew”QbœZv; mK‡ji Avb‡›`B Zuvi Avb›`| wKš‘ bM‡i AvU‡K _v‡Kb bv dvD÷, bMi †Q‡o MÖv‡g P‡j hvb, †gwd‡÷vwdwj‡mi-†`Iqv ÿgZv e¨envi K‡i| MÖv‡gi K… lK Lywk nq Zuv‡K †c‡q| Zuv‡`i g‡b c‡o hvq †h dvD‡÷i wcZvI wQ‡jb Zuv‡`i wPwKrmK, Zuviv Avkv K‡i wZwbI n‡eb wcZvi g‡Zv|

9


†gwd‡÷v‡dwjm‡K D‡Ïk K‡i dvD÷ e‡jb, Ôgvby‡li Kj¨vY I †e`bv R‡g DV‡e Avgvi K‡Éi gvjv n‡q, wb‡R‡K Avwg Qwo‡q †`‡ev mKj gvby‡li mËv‡K Avwj½b Kievi Rb¨|Õ gv‡j©vi d÷v‡mi g‡ZvB †M¨‡Ui dvD‡÷i cwiYwZI g„Z¨z ‡ZB| bi‡Ki cÖwZwbwaiv †P‡qwQj Zuv‡K wb‡R‡`i AvIZvq wb‡q Avm‡e| cv‡i wb| ¯^‡M©i `~‡Ziv Zuvi †`‡ni Awebk¦i Ask‡K, A_©vr Zuvi AvZ¥v‡K, wb‡q P‡j hvq ¯^‡M©, Mvb MvB‡Z MvB‡Z| gv‡j©vi bvU‡Ki cwiYwZ †_‡K GB bvU‡Ki cwiYwZ G‡Kev‡i D‡ëv| eyS‡Z Amyweav †bB †h, gv‡j©vi d÷vm wQ‡jb cywu Rev‡`i AvZ¥cK Ö v‡ki hy‡M e¨w³i AvZ¥weKv‡ki Db¥v`bvi cÖZxK, Avi †M¨‡Ui dvD÷ n‡”Qb cywu Rev‡`i wew”QbœZvi hy‡M gvby‡li cÖwZ fv‡jvevmvi AšÍjx©b SY©vavivi cÖwZwbwa| †M¨‡Ui dvD÷ †`‡L‡Qb Zuvi cwiwPZ GKLÐ Rwg Wz‡e wM‡q‡Q mgy‡`ªi cvwbi bx‡P, †gwd‡÷vwdwjm‡K Kv‡R jvwM‡q †mB f‚wg D×vi K‡i w`‡jb wZwb, gvby‡li DcKv‡i jvM‡e e‡j| Zuvi ¯^cœ IB f‚wg‡Z nvRvi nvRvi gvbyl emevm Ki‡e; †mLv‡b wec` _vK‡e nq‡Zv, wKš‘ my‡hvM _vK‡e AMÖMg‡bi| gvbyl †mLv‡b wb‡Ri kÖg I Kg©`ÿZv wb‡qvM Ki‡e; cwikÖg K‡i d‡j I dm‡j f‡i †dj‡e meyR f‚wg, †mLv‡b RvqMv n‡e cï I cvwLi| cywu Rev‡`i `ytkvm‡bi hy‡M emevm K‡i †M¨‡U wK †`L‡Z cvw”Q‡jb †h IB e¨e¯’vi †`Šiv‡Z¥¨ awiÎx GKw`b Dò n‡e, eid hv‡e M‡j, mgy`ª MÖvm K‡i †dj‡Z PvB‡e †ejvf‚wg‡K? Am¤¢e wK! Agb AšÍ`w©„ ó bv _vK‡j AZeo mvwnwZ¨K n‡jb Kx K‡i? cywu Rev` Aek¨ dvD‡÷i hy³ nevi AvKv•ÿv‡K †gv‡UB cÖkqÖ †`q wb, mh‡Zœ cÖwZcvjb K‡i‡Q wew”QbœZv‡K| Gi K‡qK hyM c‡i †M¨‡Ui IB Rvg©vbx‡ZB †Zv Avwef©ve N‡U‡Q `vk©wbK bxr‡mi, whwb Zuvi mvwn‡Z¨ AwZgvb‡ei Avek¨KZvi ZË¡ †dwi K‡i‡Qb, c~ev© fvm w`‡q‡Qb wnUjv‡ii AvMg‡bi| hy³ nevi AvKv•ÿvUv iex›`ªbv‡_i iPbvi me©Î cvIqv hv‡e| iex›`ªbv‡_i †mB AmvaviY KweZvwU ¯§iY Kiv hvK, †hwU wZwb wj‡LwQ‡jb evBk eQi eq‡m| KjKvZvi e¨¯Í kn‡i m~‡h©v`‡qi `„k¨wU †`‡LwQ‡jb wZwb Rvbvjv w`‡q, †`‡L †mB cÖfv‡Z Zuvi †fZ‡i ¯^cf œ ½ N‡UwQj wbS©‡ii| ÔwbS©‡ii ¯^cf œ ½Õ KweZvwU‡Z e܇bi weiæ‡× Zxeª cÖwZev` Av‡Q| eÜbUv e¨w³MZ, wKš‘ e¨w³ †Zv e›`x wQ‡jb Jcwb‡ewkK e›`xkvjv‡ZI| Kwe ej‡Qb, wZwb †`L‡Z cv‡”Qb Pviw`‡K Zuvi cvlvY iwPZ KvivMvi †Nvi| wKš‘ wbS©i †R‡M D‡V‡Q, †m _vg‡e bv| Ô_i _i Kwi Kuvwc‡Q f‚ai/ wkjv ivwk ivwk cwo‡Q L‡m|Õ Ôevwn‡i‡Z Pvq, †`wL‡Z bv cvq †Kv_vq Kvivi Øvi|Õ GB wbS©i cvlvY gv‡b bv, Auvavi gv‡b bv| cÖfv‡Z‡i †hb jB‡e Kvwoqv AvKv‡k‡i †hb †dwj‡e wQuwoqv †m †ewi‡q co‡e †`wLe bv Avi wb‡Rwi ¯^cb ewmqv ¸nvi †Kv‡Y Avwg Xvwje KiæYvaviv RM‡Z Xvwje cÖvY Mvwne KiæYvMvb| wbS©i ej‡Q, ÔfvO fvO Kviv, AvNv‡Z AvNvZ Ki|Õ wbS©i †ewi‡q c‡o‡Q, ÔI‡i AvR Kx Mvb †M‡q‡Q cvwL/ Avwm‡Q iwei Ki|Õ Gi cÖvq Pwjøk eQi c‡i GB GKB eq‡mi GK hye‡Ki, KvRx bRiæj Bmjv‡gi, GKB iK‡gi AwfÁZv n‡qwQj| IB KjKvZv kn‡iB| mKv‡j bq ga¨iv‡Z| †mB AwfÁZvI eÜbgyw³iB|

10

wµ‡÷vdvi gv‡j©v Zzjbv KivUv Aek¨B Ab¨vq n‡e, iex›`ªbv‡_i ÔwbS©‡ii ¯^cf œ ½Õ Avi bRiæ‡ji Ôwe‡`ªvnxÕ GK e¯‘ bq, we¯Íi cv_©K¨: wKš‘ wgj Av‡Q, Ges †mUv cv_©‡K¨i †P‡q AwaK Zvrch©cY~ |© bRiæ‡ji KweZv‡ZI †mB GKB DÏxcbv; ÔAvwg DcvwoÕ †dwje Aaxb wek¦ Ae‡n‡j/ bem„wói gnvb‡›`|Õ AvKv•ÿvUvI GKB, eÜbgy³ n‡q wgjevi, GKvZ¥ nevi| DcmsnviUv g‡b n‡e wfbœZi, wKš‘ gg©e¯‘‡Z Zviv Awfbœ, e‡j‡Qb, Avwg †mB w`b ne kvšÍ, h‡e Drcxwo‡Zi µ›`b-†ivj AvKv‡k evZv‡m aŸwb‡e bv AZ¨vPvixi LoM K…cvY fxg iY-f‚‡g iwY‡e bv| KiæYvaviv Xvjevi K_vUvB, wfbœ fvlvq| gvby‡li m‡½ wgwjZ nevi AvKv•ÿvq †M¨‡Ui dvD÷, iex›`ªbv‡_i wbS©i, Ges bRiæ‡ji we‡`ªvnx GK †mªv‡Z G‡m wg‡j hvq| e‡j †`q mvwn‡Z¨i g~j `vq IBwUB, wew”QbœZv NywP‡q w`‡q msjMœ K‡i †`Iqv|

Pvi

Dcgv wn‡m‡e b`x LyeB DcKvix| eo mn‡R Zv‡K cvIqv| ej‡Z cvwi mvwnZ¨ A‡bKUv b`xi g‡ZvB| b`xi †hgb, †Zgwb ZviI AvKv•ÿv msjMœ nevi| msjMœ bv n‡Z cvi‡j b`x Avi b`x _v‡K bv, evjyKv‡ejvq nvwi‡q hvq| mvwn‡Z¨i e¨vcviUvI IB iK‡giB, Zvi RxebI msjMœ nIqvi Ici wbf©ikxj| evjyi DcgvUvI †ek Dc‡hvMx| b`x‡Z †XD _v‡K, _v‡K evjyI| b`xB evjy‡K enb K‡i Av‡b, IB evjy evjye¨emvqx‡`i Kv‡Q LyeB Av`‡ii e¯‘| wKš‘ evjy‡Zv b`x bq| mvwnZ¨ evjy‡K D‡cÿv K‡i bv, wKš‘ evjy‡K †m KL‡bvB Av`k© e‡j g‡b K‡i bv| mvwn‡Z¨i Av`k© n‡”Q b`xi †XD, hviv G‡Ki ci GK Av‡m| _v‡K Zviv msjMœ n‡q| evjyi e¨vcviUv G‡Kev‡iB D‡ëv| evjy‡K KYv‡Z KYv‡Z wew”Qbœ n‡q _vK‡Z nq| †XD n‡Z †Zv cv‡iB bv, Kv`v n‡ZI ivRx nq bv| mvwn‡Z¨i `vqUv †XD m„wói, evjy m„wói bq| †m wb‡RI Pvq †XD n‡e, evjy bv-n‡q| gvbyl‡KI †m ci¯úimsjMœ †XD Ki‡Z Pvq, wew”Qbœ evjyi wecix‡Z| r


cÖeÜ

¯^‡`k I msMxZ : iex›`ªbv_ mbrKzgvi mvnv

Mx

ZweZv‡bi cÖ‡ewkKvq cÖ_‡gB †Pv‡L c‡o iex›`ªbv‡_i †`Iqv ÔweÁvcbÕ| wb‡RB wZwb Gfv‡e Rvbv‡bv cÖ‡qvRb g‡b K‡i‡Qb| G‡Z cwo, Ô...GB ms¯‹i‡Y fv‡ei Abyl½ iÿv K‡i Mvb¸wj mvRv‡bv n‡q‡Q| GB Dcv‡q, my‡ii mn‡hvwMZv bv †c‡jI, cvV‡Kiv MxwZKve¨iƒ‡c GB Mvb¸wji AbymiY Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|Õ Zuvi wb‡`©kbvi Ici fimv K‡iB GLv‡b Avgvi wKQy ejvi mvnm Kiv| Mv‡bi myi-Zvj-jq, Gm‡e Avwg G‡Kev‡i AÁ| Aek¨ ïb‡Z fv‡jvevwm Ñ we‡kl K‡i Zuvi Mvb| Abyf‡ei †MvUv we¯Ívi Zviv f‡i †`q| wKš‘ Mv‡bi Ici K_v ejvi AwaKvi G‡Z †g‡j bv| ÔMxwZKve¨iƒ‡cÕ Mvb¸‡jv hviv AbymiY Ki‡Z Pvq, Zv‡`i Rb¨I MxZweZv‡bi `iRv †Lvjv, Kwei GB Avk¦vmUzKzB Avgvi m¤^j| Ôfv‡ei Abyl½ iÿv K‡iÕ †h-welqm~wP mvRv‡bv, Zv‡Z µgvbymv‡i cvB Ñ 1. f‚wgKv : cÖ_g hy‡Mi D`qw`M½‡b, 2. c~Rv, 3. ¯^‡`k, 4. †cÖg, 5. cÖK…wZ, 6. wewPÎ, 7. AvbyôvwbK| GQvov Av‡Q MxwZbvU¨ I b„Z¨bvU¨ : Kvjg„Mqv, evj¥xwK cÖwZfv, gvqvi †Ljv, wPÎv½`v, PÐvwjKv, k¨vgv| Zvic‡i : fvbywmsn VvKz‡ii c`vejx, bvU¨MxwZ, RvZxq msMxZ, c~Rv I cÖv_©bv, AvbyôvwbK msMxZ, Ges †cÖg I cÖK…wZ| cwiwk‡ó cvB 1. b„Z¨bvU¨ gvqvi †Ljv, 2. cwi‡kva, 3, 4. Ab¨vb¨ APwjZ I AcÖvgvY¨ †gvU 15wU Mvb, hv iex›`ª-cieZx©Kv‡j ms‡hvwRZ| GQvov MxZweZv‡b iex›`ªbv‡_i

IB wb‡`©kbv 1345 e½v‡ãi fv`ª gv‡m| †mB ms¯‹i‡Y, cÖfvZKzgvi gy‡Lvcva¨vq Rvbv‡”Qb, Mv‡bi †kÖwYwefvM ÔAvbyôvwbKÕ ch©šÍ Uvbv| (MxZweZvb KvjvbyµwgKm~Px, †U‡Mvi wimvP© Bbw÷wUDU, KjKvZv, 1399, ˆekvL)| c‡i MxZweZvb Av‡iv m¤úªmvwiZ n‡q‡Q| †m-Abyhvqx ce©msL¨v †e‡o‡Q| Mvb Av‡iv †hvM n‡q‡Q| †evanq, GB ms‡hvRb-wµqv GL‡bv AmgvßB| KviY, bvbv Av‡qvR‡b, bvbvR‡bi Ave`v‡i iex›`ªbv‡_i ZvrÿwYK iPbvq A‡bK Mvb Qov‡bv-wQUv‡bv i‡q hvq| Zv‡`i me¸‡jvi nw`m wg‡j‡Q, GgbwU wbwðZ K‡i ejv hvq bv| Aek¨ fvebvi µgweKvk I avivevwnK iPbvi †gvUvgywU wek¦vm‡hvM¨ GKUv iƒc †h Avgiv cvB, G-K_v ¯^xKvi K‡i wbB| AvKw¯§K †Kv‡bv we¯§q †Kv_vI jywK‡q Av‡Q, Zvi m¤¢vebv AwZ ÿxY e‡jB g‡b nq| Avwg wKš‘ GLv‡b MxZweZv‡bi Avw½K ev Zvi LuywUbvwU wb‡q †Kv‡bv Av‡jvPbvq ewmwb| G-wel‡q Avgvi Ávb mxwgZ| cÖvq k~‡b¨i KvQvKvwQ| we`¨v-eyw× bMY¨| Avgvi †KŠZ‚nj AvcvZZ †Kej ¯^‡`k ch©v‡qi Mvb wb‡q| †mB m~‡Î ÔRvZxq msMxZÕ e‡j c‡i †h-GKUv Dcwefv‡Mi ms‡hvRb N‡U‡Q Zv‡KI GBm‡½ hy³ K‡i| Mv‡bi Hk¦h© wb‡q K_v ejv Avgvi cÖavb jÿ¨ bq| iex›`ªbv‡_i ¯^‡`k fvebv KLb †Kv_vq Kxfv‡e dz‡U D‡V‡Q, Zv‡Z Zuvi fve-Kíbv †Kvbw`‡K †Kgb Av‡jvwoZ n‡q‡Q, G¸‡jvB Avgvi, hZUv cvwi, †evSvi †Póv Kiv| Aek¨ AvbvwocbvB †ewk †Pv‡L co‡e| Z‡e, ms‡Kv‡Pi m‡½ ewj, Zvic‡iI †KŠZ‚njUv

11


AvšÍwiK| MxZweZv‡bi †h KvjvbyµwgKm~Px cÖfvZKzgvi gy‡Lvcva¨vq m¤úv`bv K‡i‡Qb, Zvi †cQ‡bi hyw³I Dwo‡q †`Iqvi bq| f‚wgKvq Zuvi cÖkœ Ñ ÔGBiƒc †kÖYxKiY Øviv (Ôfv‡ei Abyl½Õ iÿv K‡i) iex›`ªMxZgvb‡mi weeZ©b-evZ©v wK Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Qvq? AvVv‡iv ermi eq‡mi †cÖgKvKjx I †cÖŠp eq‡mi †cÖgMxZ wK KL‡bv †kÖvZvi ü`‡q GKBiƒc cÖwZwµqv m„wó Ki‡Z cv‡i? Dwbk ermi eqm †_‡K eû ermi gv‡Nvrm‡ei mg‡q wbqwgZfv‡e eªþm½xZ iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb Ñ Zv‡`i m‡½ cieZx©Kv‡j ¯^ZtDrmvwiZ ag©m½x‡Zi g‡a¨ Ôfv‡ei Abyl½Õ _vK‡Z cv‡i wK? wewfbœ eq‡mi Mv‡bi iƒc I i‡mi g‡a¨ fv‡ei Abyl½Zv Dcjwä Kiv wK m¤¢e?...Õ wZwb ZvB iex›`ªbv‡_i Mvb‡K KvjvbyµwgKfv‡e mvwR‡q‡Qb| Z‡e bZzb K‡i MxZweZvb Dcw¯’Z K‡ibwb| †Kej m~wPUvB Zuvi hyw³ Abymv‡i cybwe©b¨vm K‡i‡Qb| †mBm‡½ Avbylw½K wKQy Riæwi Z_¨, †hLv‡b hZUv cv‡ib, Ry‡o w`‡q‡Qb| †hgb, †Kv_vq KLb cÖ_g Qvcv, Kx myi, ¯^iwjwc KLb-Kvi Kiv BZ¨vw`| me Mv‡b cÖZ¨vwkZ me Z_¨ †g‡jwb| hv-hZUzKz †c‡q‡Qb `iKvig‡Zv D‡jøL K‡i‡Qb| iex›`ªmsMx‡Zi wePvi-we‡ePbvq eBwU Lye Kv‡Ri| Aek¨ Mv‡bi DrKl© wePv‡i bq, kÖæwZ-gvay‡h©i we‡ePbv‡ZI bq, †Kej Mv‡b ¯’vb-Kvj-welq-welqx msMwZ †LuvRvi Rb¨| me RvqMvq †h mwVK wm×v‡šÍ Zv †cuŠ‡Qvq, GUv wbwðZ ejv hvq bv| Z‡e MxZweZv‡bi m‡½ Zvi GB KvjvbyµwgKm~Px cv‡k _vK‡j Avgv‡`i Abyf‡e evowZ gvÎv GKUv †hvM nIqvi m¤¢vebv A‡bK Mv‡bi †ejvq ˆZwi n‡Z cv‡i| mÂwqZvq †hgb cÖwZwU iPbvi wb‡P ¯’vb-Kv‡ji D‡jøL Av‡Q, MxZweZv‡b †Zgb †bB| Mvb MvIqv, ev †kvbvi Rb¨ G‡Z †Kv‡bv evav c_ AvM‡j `uvovq bv| eis MvqK ev †kÖvZv Mvb‡K, Ges ïay Mvb‡KB, wbi¼zk gyw³‡Z wb‡Ri Abyf‡eI ¯’vqx Ki‡Z cv‡ib| Mvb e`jvq bv| wKš‘ cwieZ©gvb ev¯Í‡ei †cÖÿvc‡U Zvi eûgyLx Av‡jv wewfbœ mg‡q wewfbœ w`‡K Qovq| †hvMv‡hv‡Mi †Kv‡bv mywbw`©ó c_‡iLv MxwZKvi ev myiKvi GK I AwØZxq e‡j `vwe Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv, hw`I IB Mv‡bi K_v I myi AweKj GKB _v‡K| weL¨vZ GK Mv‡b iex›`ªbv_ gyw³i ¯^iƒc wb‡q GI e‡j‡Qb, ÔMv‡bi my‡i Avgvi gyw³ E‡aŸ© fv‡m|Õ Aek¨ Zvi c‡iB †hvM K‡i‡Qb, ÔAvgvi gyw³ me©R‡bi g‡bi gv‡S,/ `ytL wec`-Zz”Q-Kiv KwVb Kv‡R|Õ †evSv hvq, GB gyw³ GK ev wØgvwÎK bq| Ges Zv µgvMZ cÖmvigvb| KviY Ôme©RbÕ KL‡bvB GK we›`y‡Z w¯’i _v‡K bv| Kvj ¯^qs Zv n‡Z †`q bv| GB gyw³ hw` Mv‡bi my‡i E‡aŸ© fv‡m, Z‡e Zv cÖwZgyn~‡Z© Abyfe‡e`¨ n‡qI cÖwZgyn~‡Z© ¯^q¤¢y| Ôfv‡ei Abyl½Õ LuyR‡Z iex›`ªbv_I Ggb K‡i †f‡ewQ‡jb wKbv Rvwb bv| Z‡e G‡Z Mvb iPbvq ¯’vb-Kv‡ji Z_¨ †h AevšÍi n‡q c‡o, G-K_vUv gvb‡Z nq| iex›`ªbv_ ¯^qs hw` Avgv‡`i Awfwb‡ek †K‡o †bb, Z‡e cÖfvZKzgvi gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi KvjvbyµwgKm~Px wbtm‡›`‡n mwVK c_ wb‡`©k Kivq Acwinvh© n‡q I‡V| Avgiv Gi Amvgvb¨ e¯‘wbôvq Awff‚Z nB| Avgv‡`i Rvbvi mxgv ev‡o| †Kv_vI †Kv_vI iex›`ªbv‡_i fveg~wZ© Av‡iv ¯úó nq| AKc‡U ¯^xKvi Kwi, GB eBwU nv‡Z †c‡q Avwg we‡kl DcK…Z n‡qwQ| Av‡iv GKUv K_v GLv‡b †hvM Kwi| iex›`ªbv_ †h fv‡ei Abyl½ iÿv K‡i MxZweZv‡b Mvb mvRv‡bvi K_v e‡j‡Qb, ZviI †Zv †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv e¯‘MZ f‚wg _v‡K| ˆPZb¨I gvbe Aw¯ÍZ¡wbf©i| G-K_v e‡j‡Qb cÖvÁ iex›`ªbv_ ¯^qs| e¯‘ wKš‘ Abo bq| gvbyl †h Zvi µgvMZ iƒcvšÍi NUvq, Avcb †PZbv‡ZI

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µgweKwkZ nq, Zv‡ZB Zvi mv_©KZv| Zvn‡j Ôfv‡ei Abyl½Õ wK ejv hvq AcwieZ©bxq? Zv hw` RvMwZK we‡ePbvq bv nq, Z‡e MxZweZvb‡K iex›`ªbv_ †hfv‡e mvRv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb, †Kv‡bv hyw³i AvkÖq bv wb‡q †Kej †mfv‡eB ïay †`wL| Aek¨ Amxg kÖ×vq| wKš‘ GwUB P‚ovšÍ mv_©KZvi wb`k©b, Ges Zv AweKí, Ggb `vwe ev wm×všÍ wKš‘ Zuv‡KB LÐb K‡i| GKvwaK RvqMvq wZwb e‡jb, A_ev, ejvi †ÿÎ iPbv K‡ib †h, wZwb Zuvi Ck¦i‡K fv‡jvev‡mb, KviY Zuv‡K (Ck¦i‡K) A¯^xKvi Kivi ¯^vaxbZv IB GKB Ck¦i Zuv‡K w`‡q‡Qb| GB ¯^vaxbZvB gyw³i c_| Aek¨ m„wó I aŸsm, AR©b I wemR©b, `yB-B n‡Z cv‡i Zvi cwiYvg| A_ev ev¯Í‡e mZ¨vb„‡Z, Kj¨vY-AKj¨v‡Y wgwkÖZ n‡Z cv‡i Zvi aviv| GLv‡b wbw®Œq _vKvB gbyl¨‡Z¡i Acgvb| Avi Ab¨vq Kiv, ev mn¨ Kiv gvbylx e„wˇZ KL‡bv cÖkÖq †c‡jI Zv‡K cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kiv‡ZB Zvi †MŠie; Kg©c‡_ Rxe‡b Rxeb †hvM Kiv‡Z N‡U g~j¨-ms‡hvRb| Ggb g~j¨-ms‡hvRb Zuvi Mvb †kvbvi †ejv‡ZI nq| Zvi Rb¨ ÔwPË wccvwmZÕ _v‡K| Z‡e MxZweZv‡bi ev KvjvbyµwgKm~Pxi †h-†Kv‡bvwUi bxwZ Avewk¨Kfv‡e †g‡b bq| Mvb MvIqvq ev Mvb †kvbvq cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki ¯^vaxbZv Avcb-Avcb iæwPwbf©i| hw`I KvÐÁvbnxb †¯^”QvPvi †mLv‡b Kvg¨ bq| iæwPI k„•Ljv Avi Abykxj‡bi gyLv‡cÿx| fwYZv †Q‡o Gevi Zuvi fveKíbvq ¯^‡`‡ki ¯^iƒc LuywR| Aej¤^b wn‡m‡e cÖfvZKzgvi gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qiI kiY wbB| Z‡e Avgvi ejvi K_vq fzjåvwšÍi `vq ïay AvgviB|

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MxZweZv‡b wZwb †hfv‡e Mv‡bi Wvwj mvwR‡q‡Qb, (wb‡RB Ôc~RvÕ c‡e©i cÖ_g Mv‡bi ïiæ‡Z Rvwb‡q w`‡”Qb, ÔKvbœvnvwmi †`vj-†`vjv‡bv †cŠl dv¸‡bi cvjv/ Zvwi g‡a¨ wPiRxeb eBe Mv‡bi Wvjv Ñ Õ; Z‡e G-Mvb‡K Ôc~RvÕi PjwZ aviYvi m‡½ †gjv‡Z †ek mgm¨vq co‡Z nq| GgbwK eªvþ‡PZbvi Ici `uvwo‡qI| eªvþmsMxZ iex›`ªbv_ A‡bK wj‡L‡Qb| Ôc~RvÕ-c‡e©B Av‡Q| Zv‡`i cv‡k †i‡L co‡j ZdvrUv mn‡RB aiv c‡o| cÖ_‡gB G-av°vUv w`‡q wZwb Ô†evanqÕ Avgv‡`i m‡PZb Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb, †Kv‡bv euvav mo‡K GKK wbw`©ó j‡ÿ¨ Zuvi cy‡Rv hvq bv| Avavi-Av‡aq h‡_”Q AvZ¥c‡ii mxgv Qvovq| gyw³i GB we¯Ívi Av‡Q Zuvi wb‡Ri mvRv‡bv Ab¨ ce©¸‡jv‡ZI| G wK Avgv‡`i ˆPZ‡b¨I IB gyw³i nvIqv eB‡q †`evi Aby”PvwiZ

MxZweZvb‡K iex›`ªbv_ †hfv‡e mvRv‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb, †Kv‡bv hyw³i AvkÖq bv wb‡q †Kej †mfv‡eB ïay †`wL| Aek¨ Amxg kÖ×vq| wKš‘ GwUB P‚ovšÍ mv_©KZvi wb`k©b, Ges Zv AweKí, Ggb `vwe ev wm×všÍ wKš‘ Zuv‡KB LÐb K‡i|


mvabv?) Ñ Zv‡Z Ô¯^‡`kÕ-c‡e© fzw³msL¨v me‡P‡q Kg; gvÎ 46| †mLv‡b Ôc~RvÕq MvbmsL¨v 617; Ô†cÖgÕ-ch©v‡q 395, ÔcÖK…wZÕ-L‡Ð 283, Ges ÔwewPÎÕ wk‡ivbv‡g 140| †evanq wZwb g‡b K‡i‡Qb cuvPwg‡kwj fve, ZvB mywbw`©ó †Kv‡bv cwiPq Zv‡`i †`bwb| Avi GKwU fvM ÔAvbyôvwbKÕ| bv‡gB †evSv hvq, GLv‡b †h-Mvb¸‡jv RvqMv cvq, Zviv cÖKv‡k¨ A‡b‡Ki mvg‡b MvBevi| †Kv‡bv we‡kl fv‡ei Abyl‡½ Zv‡`i †djv hvq bv| ZvB G‡`i Avi me Mvb †_‡K Avjv`vB ivwL| Aek¨ iex›`ªbv‡_i we‡ePbvi Abymi‡Y| GgbI n‡Z cv‡i, ÔAvbyôvwbKÕ n‡jI Zv‡`i †ekKwUi mywbw`©ó †Kv‡bv fv‡M RvqMv cvevi †hvM¨Zv Av‡Q| Ggb Mvb Av‡Q 21wU| Ô¯^‡`kÕ-c‡e©i †P‡q Kg; wKš‘ Ô¯^‡`‡kÕi g‡Zv †Kv‡bv wbw`©óZv †`Iqv †bB| ZvB Zzjbvq G‡`i Uvwb bv| Z‡e †Kb Giv Avjv`v, †m-cÖkœ Gov‡Z cvwi bv| nq‡Zv ¯^‡`‡ki mxgv LuyR‡Z Ñ Zuvi Ô¯^‡`‡kiÕ Ñ G‡`i †Kv‡bv-†Kv‡bvwU `„wó AvKl©Y Ki‡Z cv‡i| c‡ii ms‡hvRb wb‡q Av‡MB e‡jwQ| cÖwZwU wk‡ivbvg welqevZ©v h_vixwZ †cuŠ‡Q †`q| GLv‡b ÔRvZxq msMxZÕ-c‡e© cvB 16wU Mvb| Ô¯^‡`kÕ-L‡Ði 46wUi m‡½ †hvM Ki‡j `uvovq †gvU 62wU| MxZweZv‡bi †h-msKjbwU Avgvi Kv‡Q Av‡Q, Zv †_‡K GB wnmve| c‡i wbðq Av‡iv ms‡hvRb N‡U‡Q| cÖfvZKzgvi gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi KvjvbyµwgKm~Px‡Z (1399 e½vã ms¯‹iY) †`LwQ, Ô Ñ MxZweZv‡bi †gvU Mv‡bi msL¨v 2232| Zb¥‡a¨ 1890wU Mv‡bi ¯^iwjwc Av‡Q ¯^iweZv‡bi 60wU L‡Ð|Õ GwUI cÖ_g LÐ cÖ_g ms¯‹i‡Yi (1376) f‚wgKvi cybgy©`ªY †_‡K cvIqv| Abygvb Kwi, c‡ii AvUPwjøk eQ‡i Av‡iv wKQy ms‡hvRb N‡U‡Q| Z‡e ce©web¨v‡m MvbmsL¨vi Av‡cwÿK Ae¯’vq D‡jøL Kivi g‡Zv †ni‡di N‡U‡Q, GgbwUi m¤¢vebv Lye Kg e‡jB g‡b nq| MxZweZvb †hgb †c‡qwQ, †ZgbwU a‡i wb‡qB wKQy ejvi †Póv Kwi| Aek¨ Av‡M hv e‡jwQ ¯^‡`k-fvebvB GLv‡b Avgvi †`Lvi welq| msL¨vbycv‡Z mswkøó Mvb¸‡jv GK‡Î wb‡Pi w`‡K n‡jI wkí wmwׇZI, GKB m‡½ e¨w³ I mgvR-gvb‡m Aÿq Qvc Gu‡K w`‡q Zv‡`i eÜb`kv †gvPb Kivq G‡`i †ekKwUi Ae`vb Zuvi Avi me Mv‡bi †P‡q †ewk Qvov Kg bq| m¤¢eZ G‡`i Av‡e`b †cÖÿvcU e`jv‡jI Agi †_‡K hv‡e| †hgb †_‡K hv‡e †cÖg, cÖK…wZ I c~Rv ch©v‡qi AmsL¨ Mv‡b| Gm‡e Avgv‡`i †PZbvq I Abyf‡e Zv‡`i wgwjZ we¯Ív‡i †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv w¯’i we›`y wZwb ¯úk© K‡ib| †h-AbyiYb Zv‡Z Rv‡M, Kvj‡K civ¯Í K‡i Zv weiwZnxb †e‡R P‡j| Avavi, hyM †_‡K hyMvšÍ‡i, iƒc †_‡K iƒcvšÍ‡i Awbevh© avivq e`‡j †h‡Z _vK‡jI| MxZweZv‡b Ô¯^‡`kÕ-L‡Ð cÖ_g Mvb ÔAvgvi †mvbvi evsjv, Avwg †Zvgvq fv‡jvevwmÕ| iex›`ªbv_ fwel¨`&`ªóv wQ‡jb, Ggb K_v ejv cvM‡ji cÖjvc| Z‡e Ôfv‡ei Abyl½ iÿvÕq GB Mv‡b AMÖvwaKvi †h kZ gvby‡li avivq evOvwji AvZ¥cwiP‡qi I AvZ¥gh©v`vi wek¦bw›`Z ¯^xK…wZ cvq, G Avgv‡`i Awff‚Z K‡i| GB Mvb AvR MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`‡ki RvZxq msMxZ| Zvi gyw³msMÖv‡g G wQj ¯^Ztù‚Z© †cÖiYvgš¿| A_P AevK K‡i, G †Kv‡bv exiZ¡ djvq bv| AnsKv‡ii, ev AvZ¥‡MŠi‡ei wbkvb †Zvjvi †jkgvÎ †Póv G‡Z †bB| hv Av‡Q Zv GK mij ¯^xKv‡ivw³, Ôgv, †Zvgvq fv‡jvevwmÕ| †Kv‡bv K…wÎgZv G‡Z †RŠjym evovq bv| myi gvwU‡Nulv| MMb niKivi nv‡U-gv‡V †M‡q †eov‡bv Mvb, ÔAvwg †Kv_vq cve Zv‡i, Avgvi g‡bi gvbyl †h-†iÕ Ñ Zvi myi AweKj wZwb ewm‡q‡Qb GB Ô†mvbvi evsjvqÕ| Zvi AYy‡Z-AYy‡Z Zv †g‡k| GKB iKg AvKzjZv †dv‡U| wKš‘ mZ¨e× Awfgv‡bi msMZ msnwZ w`MšÍ †cwi‡qI ÿzYœ nq bv|

Avgv‡`i gyw³msMÖv‡gi mgq †`‡LwQ, AmsL¨ wecbœ gvbyl GB Mvb †M‡q, A_ev, ï‡b AvZ¥¯’ n‡”Q, mvnm mÂq Ki‡Q; Ñ hw`I †Pv‡L Rj| Avwg MvB‡Z cvwi bv| wKš‘ g‡b g‡b Gi K_v I myi AbymiY Ki‡Z †M‡j GL‡bv Avgvi Mjv ey‡R Av‡m| hw`I g‡b Kwi bv, Avwg Lye Av‡eMcÖeY| GB †h Avgv‡`i mevi Abyf‡e ¯^‡`‡ki ï× cÖwZgv AvwZkh¨nxb-cwic~Y©, wKš‘ cÖvYgqx K‡i †Zvjv, G‡ZB G Acvi KiæYvq-kvšÍ gwngvq †PZbvi AvKv‡k aªæe n‡q R¡‡j| D”PKÉ kc_ ev MR©b G‡Z gvbvq bv| Zviv eis Gi ÔPiYcv‡b bqb Kwi bZÕ Zv‡`i Kj¨vYgq m‡Z¨i kw³ †Luv‡R| iex›`ªbv_ wb‡RI wK G-Mvb wb‡q Gfv‡e †f‡ewQ‡jb? cÖkœUv g‡b Rv‡M, KviY, MxZweZv‡b ¯^‡`k-ch©vq, Zuvi mywPwšÍZ web¨v‡m, GB Mvb w`‡qB ïiæ| hw`I G‡K welq K‡i Zuvi cÖ_g iwPZ Mvb GUv bq| Ges Zuvi ¯^‡`k-fvebv GK RvqMvq w¯’i Av‡Q, GgbwUI †`wL bv| GB Mv‡b Avi GKUv we‡klZ¡ Avgv‡`i `„wó AvKl©Y K‡i| MvbwU DËgcyiæl eûeP‡b bq, GKeP‡b euvav| ¯^‡`kI GKePb : ÔAvwg †Zvgvq fv‡jvevwmÕ| Zuvi Abyiƒc Av‡iv †ek wKQy Mvb GBiKg| †hgb, Ômv_©K Rbg Avgvi R‡b¥wQ GB †`‡kÕ, ÔeyK †eu‡a ZzB `uvov †`wL, ev‡i ev‡i †nwjm‡b fvBÕ, ÔI Avgvi †`‡ki gvwU, †Zvgvi Õc‡i †VKvB gv_v|... Zzwg wg‡kQ †gvi †`‡ni m‡b, Zzwg wg‡jQ †gvi cÖv‡Y g‡bÕ, BZ¨vw`| G‡Z wKš‘ wew”Qbœ GK‡K fvebv euvav c‡o bv| ÔAvwgÕ gv‡b GLv‡b cÖ‡Z¨K ÔAvwgÕ| hLb GBiKg Mvb me Avgiv ïwb, ZLb cÖ‡Z¨‡K Zvi m‡½ GKvZ¥ nB| mg‡eZ K‡É MvB‡jI †Kv‡bv Amyweav nq bv| Abyf‡e HK¨ Avcbv †_‡K iwPZ nq| Z‡e GKUv AwZ weL¨vZ Mv‡bi evYx‡ZB wKš‘ m‡PZbfv‡e Gi e¨Z¨q NUv‡bv nq : Ôhw` †Zvi WvK ï‡b †KD bv Av‡m Z‡e GKjv P‡jv †i|Õ Avgvi g‡b nq, GLv‡b hZUv ¯^‡`k-fvebv, Zvi †P‡q A‡bK †ewk wb‡Ri ˆbwZK c_ †e‡Q †bevi| cÖkœUv I‡V, hLb Kj¨vY-fvebv GK n‡jI `yR‡b wfbœ wfbœ c_ †e‡Q wb‡Z Pvb| mgwó-fvebvq e¨w³MZ Rxe‡b, Avgiv Rvwb, iex›`ªbv_ GBiKg cwiw¯’wZ‡Z memgq Lye GK¸u‡q wQ‡jb| GKv n‡q‡Qb, GKv †_‡K‡Qb, †Kv‡bv Avcm K‡ibwb| Z‡e GBLv‡b Ô†ZviÕ m‡½ GLv‡b Ab¨ †h Mvb¸‡jvq DËgcyiæl-GKeP‡bi gva¨‡g cÖ‡Z¨K‡K, Ges †mB m~‡Î mgMÖ‡K aiv hvq, Zv‡`i GKK‡K †gjv‡bv hvq bv| †MŠZg ey‡×i ÔAvZ¥`x‡cv feÕ Ñ GB eywS GLv‡b mviK_v| mwVK mgvavb wK iex›`ªbv_ wb‡Ri c‡_ me mg‡q mr I GKwbô †_‡KI evZjv‡Z †c‡i‡Qb? g‡b nq bv| GUv A_ev IUv, †PZbvq GB †hŠw³K wØfvRb A‡bK mg‡qB ev¯Í‡ei Aby‡gv`b cvq bv| cÖvqkB Zv eûgvwÎK| G‡K-A‡b¨-ci¯ú‡i wg‡j †Kv‡bv fvimv‡g¨i K_vB, †evanq, eo‡Rvi fvev hvq| †mwUI K`vwPr wPiKv‡ji mgvavb| ÔAvgvi †mvbvi evsjvÕi m~Î a‡i Avgv‡`i GB evsjv‡`‡k MY‡PZbvq wecyj cÖfvewe¯Ívix Avi GKUv Mv‡bi K_v Avcbv †_‡K g‡b Rv‡M| GB Av‡jvPbvq nq‡Zv mivmwi cÖvmw½K bq| iex›`ªbv‡_iI bq| Zey k„•Ljvf‡½i Aciva NU‡jI G‡K Gwo‡q †h‡Z cvwi bv| Mv‡bi K_v I Av‡eM Avgv‡K civ¯Í K‡i| Aek¨ GwUI KvjRqx Mvb Ñ Ave`yj Mvd&dvi †PŠayixi ÔAvgvi fvB‡qi i‡³ ivOv‡bv GKz‡k †deªæqvix, Avwg wK fzwj‡Z cvwi|Õ knx` AvjZvd gvn&gy‡`i myi| GLb wb‡RB †m ¯^qswm×v| hv †Lqvj Kwi, Zv n‡jv, GLv‡bI Mv‡bi K_v DËgcyiæl, GKeP‡b| Ges GB ÔAvwgÕI ÔAvgvi †mvbvi evsjvÕi GK‡Ki g‡Zv e¨wZµgnxb mg‡MÖi ¯^Ztù‚Z© cÖwZwbwa| my‡ii †KvgjZv, MfxiZv I mshg Ô†mvbvi evsjvÕi cv‡k GZUzKz †egvbvb bq| Avgv‡`i Aw¯Í‡Z¡i gg©g~‡j †XD †Zv‡j| †mLv‡b GKB iKg Av‡Z¥vcjwäi

13


Av‡jv †dv‡U| GKR‡bi bq, mevi| wkÿv`xÿv hvi-†hgb †nvK bv †Kb| G-Mvb †hgb hZUv MvB Ñ Ô†mvbvi evsjvÕI RvZxq © v cvq| †kvK-A_evmsMx‡Z hZUv MvB Ñ Zv‡ZB wKš‘ Giv c~YZ fv‡jvevmvi D”PviY gnvkw³ aviY K‡i| evowZ exiZ¡ djvevi cÖ‡qvRb K‡i bv| †Zgb Ki‡jB GB `yB Mv‡bi Acvi gwngv ÿzYœ n‡Zv| GKz‡ki Mv‡b Rvb‡Z cvB, †klvs‡k Av‡Q eûi D‡Ï‡k msMÖvgx AvnŸvb| †ZgbwU Ry‡o MvIqv n‡j, Avgvi g‡b nq, Mvb jÿ¨åó n‡Zv| mvgwqK D‡ËRbv Ae¨³ †ev‡ai AZj¯úkx© nevi c_‡iva KiZ| Avgv‡`i gyw³msMÖvg PjvKv‡j †`‡LwQ, †Kv_vI Ô†mvbvi evsjvÕ MvIqv n‡j MvqK I †kÖvZv, A‡b‡Ki †Pv‡L Rj| GL‡bv †Zgb nVvr nVvr †Pv‡L c‡o| GUv `yej© Zv bq, b¨vKvwg bq, c~Yc © vÖ ‡Y AvZ¥¯v^ _©nxb †ev‡ai AKzÉ AÄwj| Z‡e MxZweZv‡b ¯^‡`k-ch©v‡q me MvbB DËg ev ga¨gcyiæl Ñ GKeP‡b bq| Av‡iv GKUv welq †Lqvj Kwi, GB As‡k 46wU Mv‡bi †fZi 28wUB †jLv 1905 †_‡K 1911-i †fZi; Ñ e½f½ †NvlYvi ZvrÿwYK cÖwZwµqv †_‡K Zv PjvKvjxb †MvUv KvjL‡Ð| GLv‡b ¯^‡`‡ki cÖZ¨ÿ ¯^iƒc Av‡Mi ALÐ evsjv| Avmvg-evsjv-wenvi-Dwol¨v wb‡q cÖkvmwbK AÂj †e½j †cÖwm‡WwÝ bq| evsjv fvlvfvlx mgMÖ e½f‚wg| †h-AvNvZ jv‡M ¯^vfvweK AvZ¥cwiP‡q I gvbweK AvZ¥m¤§v‡b, ZviB ¯^‡ZvrmvwiZ ï× Awfgvb I b¨vqwm× cÖwZev` †_‡K GB Mvb¸‡jvi m„wó| †KvUievmx wZwb _v‡Kb bv| ÿgZvi wbj©¾ AZ¨vPvi e‡j hv g‡b K‡ib, Zv †g‡bI †bb bv| ب_©nxb fvlvq Mv‡b evOvwj KɇK wZwb mie K‡ib| evsjvi fv‰ek¦h©, cÖK…wZ I cwi‡ek Zv‡Z myi †RvMvq| Av‡iv KwU Mv‡bi ïiæ GBiKg: Ôwbwkw`b fimv ivwLm, I‡i gb, n‡eB n‡eÕ, ÔAvwg fq Kie bv fq Kie bv| `y †ejv givi Av‡M, gie bv, fvB, gie bv \Õ, ÔAvwR evsjv‡`‡ki ü`q n‡Z KLb Avcwb,/ Zzwg GB Aciƒc iƒ‡c evwni n‡j Rbbx!Õ, Ôwewai euvab KvU‡e Zzwg Ggb kw³gvb Ñ Zzwg wK Ggwb kw³gvb!Õ Gme Mvb Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q cyi‡bv nq bv| evievi ïwb| evievi D‡V `uvovB| gb Rv‡M| Z‡e KvD‡K N„Yvi †jkgvÎ †bB| GB mg‡qi Ggb me Mv‡b eûeP‡b AvZ¥‡NvlYv Zzjbvq Kg| Z‡e wbLv` †cÖiYv Avgv‡`i F× K‡i †mm‡eI| †hgb GB Mvb¸‡jv, ÔGLb Avi †`wi bq, ai& †Mv †Zviv nv‡Z nv‡Z ai& †Mv|Õ ÔI‡`i euvab hZB k³ n‡e ZZB euvab UzU‡e,/ †gv‡`i ZZB euvab UzU‡e|Õ ÔAvgv‡`i hvÎv nj ïiæ GLb, I‡Mv KY©avi| / †Zvgv‡i Kwi bg¯‹vi|/ GLb evZvm QyUzK, Zzdvb DVzK, wdie bv †Mv Avi Ñ Õ we‡kl `yiwfmwÜ civ¯Í Kivi AvZ¥wbô kc_ wb‡q Gme Mvb| IB NUbvi †ik gy‡Q †M‡Q| bZzb bZzb msKU `„wó Avgv‡`i evievi wfbœgyLx K‡i‡Q| Rxe‡bi †cÖÿvcU e`‡j †M‡Q Zzgyj| Z‡e Zuvi IB NUbvm„ó Mvb¸‡jv GL‡bv Avgv‡`i GKB iKg Abvwej K‡i, msnZ K‡i, Kj¨vY‡ev‡a D¾xweZ K‡i, wbf©q n‡Z †kLvq| wZwb wb‡R IB e„‡Ë euvav _v‡Kbwb| NUbvi eûgyLx NvZ-cÖwZNv‡Z Avgv‡`i mgwóRxe‡b AÜwek¦vm, AvPvime©¯^Zv I msKxY© AgvbweK Af¨v‡mi `vmZ¡ †h gyLe¨v`vb K‡i wb‡R‡`i Rvwni Ki‡Z _v‡K, Zv‡Z wZwb µgk mwµq Kg©KvÐ †_‡K wb‡R‡K ¸wU‡q wb‡Z _v‡Kb, hw`I b¨vq-Ab¨vq †eva Zuvi jyß nq bv, eis Zv Av‡iv e„nr †_‡K e„nËi †cÖÿvc‡U cÖmvwiZ n‡q P‡j| †MvUv fviZe‡l©i Ici wZwb `„wó †divb, evjK eq‡mB cvwievwiK I cvwicvwk¦©K Ave‡n hv‡K wZwb GK Av`wk©K cÖ¯’vbf‚wg wn‡m‡e cÖkœnxb ¯^cœKíbvq mij mgxKi‡Y cÖwZwôZ K‡iwQ‡jb| Dwbk kZ‡Ki †klfv‡M cÖvP¨we`‡`i GB fviZf‚wgi AZxZ gwngvKxZ©b I Zvi Av‡M AÁvZ cÖZœ

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Mv‡b D‡jøL‡hvM¨fv‡e †gkv‡Z _v‡Kb| ¯^‡`k Qvov wfbœfv‡ei Mvb n‡jI| ÔRbMYgb-AwabvqK Rq †n Ñ Õ MvbwU wZwb iPbv K‡ib e½f½-i‡`i mgmg‡q| †MvUv fviZe‡l©i †cÖÿvc‡U ZLb Zuvi cÖmvwiZ `„wó| ÔcZb-Afz¨`q-eÜzi cš’v hyM hyM avweZ hvÎxÕ Ñ D`vËK‡É wZwb Zv‡`i mg¯ÍUv‡K GB Mv‡b ai‡Z Pvb| 28 wW‡m¤^i, 1911 KjKvZvq RvZxq Ks‡MÖ‡mi Awa‡ek‡b GUv cÖ_g MvIqv nq| Z‡e Zuvi cÖ_g c‡e©i iPbvq †h fvi‡Zi Mreuvav Qwe dz‡U I‡V, GLv‡b Zv †_‡K wZwb †ewi‡q G‡m‡Qb cy‡ivcywi| Zuvi ¯^cœKíbvi fviZel© GLv‡b mvwe©K msnwZ I c~Y©Zv cvq| Av‡iv GKUv welq, GiB Abyl½ wn‡m‡e, Avgv‡`i `„wó Govq bv| hv‡K wZwb ej‡Qb ÔfviZfvM¨weavZvÕ †m-B Avevi Ô†mœngqx Zzwg gvZvÕ| †h-fvM¨weavZ…‡Z bvix-cyiæl `y‡qiB cÖKvk `yiKg ev¯ÍeZvq, Zv‡K wZwb Abvqvm mijZvq GB Mv‡b dzwU‡q †Zv‡jb| GLv‡b Av‡iv GKwU Z_¨ cÖvmw½K g‡b Kwi| ew¼‡gi Ôe‡›`gvZi‡gÕ myi w`‡qwQ‡jb iex›`ªbv_| Zuvi Mv‡bi Mjvi L¨vwZ wQj| ZLb †Zv gvB‡Ki e¨envi Pvjy nqwb| †Lvjv RvqMvq Povq MvIqvB Pj wQj| †evanq †Kv‡bv GK Ks‡MÖm Awa‡ek‡b Ôe‡›`gvZigÕ Ñ MvB‡Z wM‡q Zuvi Mjv †f‡O hvq, myKÉI †mB m‡½ wZwb nvwi‡q †d‡jb| GLb †h Zuvi Mv‡bi I Ave„wËi `xN©ev`b Avgiv ïwb, Zv Zuvi Mjv †f‡O hvevi ci e„× eq‡mi| Kɯ^i-aviY-hš¿I wQj AbybœZ gv‡bi| Zey Zuvi Mvqb I Ave„wˉkjxi Av›`vR GKUv †evanq cvB| Mjvi myi nvwi‡q hvIqvq Zuvi wb‡Ri Av‡ÿc wQj| Zuvi NwbôRb‡`i K_v †_‡K GUv Rvb‡Z cvB| e½f½-i‡`i †ik †K‡U hvevi ci ¯^‡`k ch©v‡q msKwjZ Zuvi Mv‡bi msL¨v †Zgb D‡jøL Kivi g‡Zv bq : †gvU bqwU| †cÖÿvc‡Ui †h-cwieZ©b Av‡Mi c‡e© ïiæ n‡qwQj, Zv eRvq _v‡K| GLv‡b Mv‡bi msL¨v bv evovi GKwU KviY m¤¢eZ GKvwaK gva¨‡g Zuvi ¯^‡`k-fvebv‡KI wgwk‡q †djv| ¯^‡`k I gvbeRxeb wg‡jwg‡k GKvKvi| kÖxwb‡KZ‡bi GK evwl©K Drm‡ei fvl‡Y wZwb e‡jb, Ô†`k g„Y¥q bq, †m wPb¥q| gvbyl hw` cÖKvkgvb nq, Z‡eB †`k cÖKvwkZ|...Õ cÖvK…wZK `vb I Dcv`vb gvÎ, gjqR hw` wewl‡q I‡V gvix ex‡R, k‡m¨i Rwg hw` nq eܨv, Z‡e Kve¨K_vq †`‡ki j¾v Pvcv co‡e bv| †`k gvwU‡Z ÔˆZwi bq, gvby‡li ˆZwi|Õ GiKg mivmwi †hLv‡b wZwb K_v e‡jb, A_ev Kv‡R nvZ jvMvb, †mLv‡b Mv‡bi c‡ivÿ f‚wgKv †MŠY n‡q c‡o| ZvQvov wZwb bvU¨Kjvq I K_vmvwn‡Z¨I Zuvi e³‡e¨ A¯úóZv iv‡Lb bv| weZwK©Z A_ev wbw›`Z nIqvi SzuwK _vK‡jI wZwb Avcb m‡Z¨ AUj _v‡Kb| evwK GB MvbKwUi †Kv‡bvUvq cÖv_©bv Av‡Q, AvnŸvb Av‡Q †Kv‡bvUvq, GgbwK GK-GKwU‡Z nZvkv ev c_ †LuvRvI Av‡Q| GL‡bv Zviv Avgv‡`i †PZbvq AwfNvZ nv‡b| Ges Avi GKUv e¨vcvi, Zuvi evYxi gg©aŸwb †`k-Kvj AwZµg K‡i AbyiwYZ n‡q P‡j Awbt‡kl| wfbœ wfbœ ev¯ÍeZv‡ZI mvov RvMvq| K_v I myi cyi‡bv nq bv| msK‡U-mšÍv‡cI mngwg©Zvi †XD †Zv‡j, †hgb †Zv‡j GB c‡e©i Av‡iv A‡bK Mv‡b| AvnŸvb Av‡Q, Ggb Mvb, 1. ms‡Kv‡Pi wenŸjZv wb‡Ri Acgvb, msK‡Ui Kíbv‡Z n‡qv bv wgªqgvY,... 2. bvB bvB fq, n‡e n‡e Rq, Ly‡j hv‡e GB Øvi Ñ/ Rvwb Rvwb †Zvi eÜb‡Wvi wQu‡o hv‡e ev‡i evi \/ ev‡i ev‡i †Zv‡i wd‡i †c‡Z n‡e we‡k¦i AwaKvi \... 3. P‡jv hvB, P‡jv, hvB P‡jv, hvB Ñ/

16

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1884 wLªóv‡ãi 6 wW‡m¤^i ew¼gP›`ª KjKvZvq ZiæY †WcywU g¨vwR‡÷ªU Aaijvj †m‡bi (1855-85) †kvfvevRvi A‡ji †ewbqv‡Uvjvi evwo‡Z kÖxivgK…‡òi m‡½ wgwjZ nb| ZLb ew¼‡gi eqm †QPwjøk| Gi Av‡M 1882 mv‡j Zuvi ivRwms‡ni Am¤ú~Y© cÖ_g ms¯‹iYwU †ewi‡q‡Q| 1882 mv‡jB †ewi‡q †M‡Q Avb›`gV, 1884 mv‡ji GwcÖ‡j †`ex †PŠayivYx| 1884-†ZB eB AvKv‡i †ewi‡q‡Q gywPivg ¸‡oi RxebPwiZ| weÁvbin‡m¨i wØZxq ms¯‹iYI IB mv‡j cÖKvwkZ| Avevi IB mvj †_‡KB cÖPv‡i K…òPwiÎ avivevwnKfv‡e †e‡iv‡Z ïiæ K‡i‡Q|

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m„Rb-Rxe‡bi c~Y©Zvi j‡MœB Zuvi m‡½ mvÿvr kÖxivgK…‡òi, huvi bvgK c‡`i m„wó nq, †h-c` weªwUk‡`i Rb¨B msiwÿZ| ÔmyZivs AbyNUK Aaijvj †mb| ew¼gP›`ª eva¨ nb bewbhy³ AvÛvi †m‡µUvwi eøvB_ mv‡ne‡K D”PwkwÿZ (KwjKvZv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Ô†d‡jvÕ Ges PvR©Õ eywS‡q w`‡Z| Gici 1883 mv‡j Avevi nveovq e`wj Ôd¨vKvwë Ae AvU©‡mÕi m`m¨), ms¯‹…wZgvb Aaijvj †m‡bi n‡q G‡m g¨vwR‡÷ªU mv‡n‡ei m‡½ Zuvi Zzgyj msNvZ ev‡a, eqm ZLb 29-30| kÖxg Rvwb‡q‡Qb, wn›`y‡`i RvwZwefvM PvKwi †Q‡o †`evi g‡Zv cwiw¯’wZi D™¢e nq|5 kÖxivgK…‡òi Abyhvqx wZwb myeY©ewYK| cÖ_g Rxe‡b bvw¯ÍK, c‡i kÖxivgK…ò‡K g‡Zv GKRb Ava¨vwZ¥K gnvcyiæ‡li Kv‡Q ew¼g †h G-cÖm½wU †`‡L we‡gvwnZ nb| ÔVvKzi Aa‡ii wRnŸvq Bógš¿ wjwLqv †`b †Zvjvi Dchy³ g‡b K‡iwQ‡jb, G †_‡K †evSv hvq, we‡`wk Ges fvevweó Ae¯’vq Aa‡ii eÿ I g¯ÍK ¯úk© Kwiqv Avkxe©v` kvm‡bi Aax‡b ÔPvKwiÕ Kivi Zxeª wKš‘ Amgv‡aq R¡vjv Zuvi K‡ib|Õ kÖxivgK…‡òi Avkxe©v` I †mœn wKš‘ Zuv‡K AcNvZ g„Zz¨ g‡b KZ RvMÖZ wQj| ÔcwÐZÕ ew¼‡gi Kv‡Q kÖxivgK…‡òi cÖkœ : Ôgvby‡li †_‡K euvPv‡Z cv‡iwb| ÔmiKvwi Kv‡R Aai‡K †Nvovq Pwo‡Z nBZ| GB e¨vcv‡i kÖxivgK…ò Zuvnv‡K GKvwaKevi mveavb KZ©e¨ Kx? Kx m‡½ hv‡e? ciKvj †Zv Av‡Q?Õ Dˇi ew¼g KwiqvwQ‡jb| wKš‘ wÎk ermi eq‡m nVvr GKw`b †Nvovi wcV †gwK-Zvw”Qj¨i my‡i, cÖ‡ivPbvZ¥K X‡O Ñ Bs‡iwR‡Z hv‡K nB‡Z cwoqv hvIqv‡ZB Zuvnvi g„Zz¨ nq| †mB mg‡qI kÖxivgK…ò e‡j Ô†dBb&W B‡ifv‡iÝÕ mnKv‡i, e‡jb, ÔciKvj! †m Avevi Zuvnv‡K †`wL‡Z Avwmqv AkÖæc~Y© †b‡Î Zuvnv‡K ¯úk© K‡ib|Õ2 Kx?Õ 1882 mv‡j †ewi‡q †M‡Q Avb›`gV, 1884 mv‡ji GwcÖ‡j Aaijv‡ji evwo‡Z ew¼g-kÖxivgK…ò mvÿv‡Zi AíKvj c‡iB †`ex †PŠayivYx| wVK IB mg‡qB cÖPv‡i avivevwnKfv‡e †e‡iv‡”Q G-`yN©Ubv N‡U| Zuvi K…òPwiÎ| Zey wZwb IB QÙ-Afw³i my‡i K_v ej‡jb, kÖxivgK…‡òi Ab¨Zg wbôvevb ÔM„nxf³Õ Aaijvj †mb kÖxivgK…ò‡K cÖ‡ivwPZ Kievi Rb¨| kÖxivgK…ò wKš‘ cÖ‡ivwPZ Ômg¯Í w`b Awd‡mi LvUzwbi ci gy‡L I nv‡Z GKUz Rj w`qvB bv-n‡q gyw³ I ci‡jv‡Ki we¯ÍvwiZ ZvwË¡K e¨vL¨v w`‡q ej‡jb cÖvq cÖZ¨nB VvKzi kÖxivgK…ò‡K `k©bÕ Kievi Rb¨ wb‡Ri : ÔhZÿY bv Ávb nq, Ck¦ijvf nq, ZZÿY ciKvjI Av‡Q| †ewbqv‡Uvjvi evwo †_‡K ÔcÖvq `yB UvKv MvwofvovÕ w`qv Ávbjvf n‡j, Ck¦i`k©b n‡j gyw³ n‡q hvq Ñ Avi Avm‡Z `wÿ‡Yk¦i †h‡Zb| †mLv‡b †cuŠ‡QB kÖxivgK…ò‡K cÖYvg K‡i nq bv|Õ Ab¨ †h-†Kv‡bv wn›`yi g‡ZvB wZwb wek¦vm Ki‡Zb, wZwb Ôgv-Kvjx‡K `k©b Kwi‡Z hvB‡Zb| c‡i †g‡S‡Z cvZv GB gbyl¨R‡b¥i †P‡q RNb¨ wKQy n‡Z cv‡i bv| myZivs ÔAvi gv`y‡i ï‡q ÔAíÿYg‡a¨ wb`ªvwff‚Z nB‡Zb| ivZ 9-10Uvi mgq Avm‡ZÕ bv-nIqvUvB gyw³| Zuvnv‡K DVvBqv †`Iqv nBZ|Õ3 Zvici wZwb evwo wdi‡Zb| ciw`b Avevi Awdm †h‡Zb| GiKg fvev AmsMZ bq †h, Avnvi, wb`ªv I ˆg_yb GB ZiæY D”PwkwÿZ †WcywU g¨vwR‡÷ª‡Ui Kv‡Q `wÿ‡Yk¦i wQj ew¼‡gi cÖwZ kÖxivgK…‡òi c‡ii cÖkœ : ÔAv”Qv, Avcwb Kx weRvZxq PvKwiRM‡Zi Ges ¯^‡`wk Mvn©¯’¨RM‡Zi Pvc †_‡K wKQyÿ‡Yi gyw³jv‡fi, kvixwiK I gvbwmK K¬vwšÍ Ac‡bv`‡bi, gb¯Í‡Ë¡i fvlvq Ôwij¨vK&‡mk‡bÕi GKwU cwimi| Gui AvnŸv‡b ew¼g kÖxivgK…ò‡K †`L‡Z †h‡Z ivwR n‡qwQ‡jb, GB Z_¨wU AvMÖnRbK| GB ZiæY myeY©ewYK f³ ÔVvKzi‡K cÖvqB †kvfvevRv‡ii evwo‡Z jBqv hvB‡Zb| VvKzi Avwm‡j Z_vq Drme cwoqv hvBZ|Õ †mLv‡b kÖxivgK…ò eûevi ÔKxZ©bvb‡›` mgvwa¯’Õ n‡Zb| 1884 wLªóv‡ãi 6 wW‡m¤^i GiKgB GK Drm‡e ew¼gmn K‡qKRb †WcywU g¨vwR‡÷ªU Avgwš¿Z wQ‡jb| ÔZuvnviv wb‡R VvKzi‡K †`wL‡eb I ewj‡eb, h_v_© wZwb gnvcyiæl wKbv|Õ Aaijvj nq‡Zv wb‡Ri AwfÁZvi m‡½ wgwj‡q a‡i wb‡qwQ‡jb †h, ew¼gI ÔVvKziÕ‡K †`L‡j, we‡kl K‡i Zuvi ÔKxZ©bvb‡›` mgvwa¯’Õ `kv cÖZ¨ÿ Ki‡j, Avweó n‡eb| KviY ZZw`‡b ew¼g hyw³ev` Avi weÁvbgb¯‹Zvi c_ †Q‡o hyw³ev‡`i m‡½ wn›`y Av`‡k©i mswgkÖ‡Y GKUv bZzb fveavivi ÔcÖPv‡iÕ iZ| Aaijvj mM‡e© ew¼g‡K kÖxivgK…‡òi m‡½ Avjvc Kwi‡q †`b| kÖxivgK…ò ¯^fvewm× i½”Q‡j wRM&‡Mm K‡ib, ew¼g ÔeuvKvÕ †Kb?4 ew¼‡gi DËi : ÔAvi gnvkq! Ry‡Zvi †Pv‡U| mv‡n‡ei Ry‡Zvi †Pv‡U|Õ weªwUk-fviZxq cÖkvm‡bi m‡½ Zuvi msNv‡Zi cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z G-DËi Zvrch©gq| 1881 mv‡ji †deªæqvwi‡Z wZwb nveovq e`wj nb Ges AbwZwej‡¤^B Kv‡j±i wmB evKj¨v‡Ûi m‡½ Zuvi ÔSMovÕ nq| Gi wKQyKvj c‡i wZwb evsjv miKv‡ii A¯’vqx A¨vwm÷¨v›U †m‡µUvwii c‡` wbhy³ nb| wKš‘ ZviciB IB c`wUi we‡jvc NwU‡q ÔAvÛvi †m‡µUvwiÕ kÖxivgK…ò cignsm‡`e

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kÖxivgK…ò Zuvi Dc‡`k¸wj weZiY Kievi Rb¨ cÖvqkB cyixlZvwš¿K iƒc‡Ki I wPÎK‡íi AvkÖq wb‡Zb| K_vg„‡Zi cvZvq cvZvq Zvi ARmª wb`k©b Qwo‡q i‡q‡Q| Gi GKwU gb¯ÍvwË¡K we‡kølY wbðqB Kiv hvq, wKš‘ GLv‡b Ab¨ GKwU w`‡Ki cÖwZ `„wó AvKl©Y Kie|

e‡jb, gvby‡li KZ©e¨ Kx?Õ Dˇi ïay Zvw”Qj¨ bq, ixwZg‡Zv d°zwo Kivi X‡O ew¼g Ônvwm‡Z nvwm‡ZÕ e‡jb, ÔAvÁv, Zv hw` e‡jb, Zvn‡j Avnvi, wb`ªv I ˆg_yb|Õ Gevi wKš‘ kÖxivgK…‡òi ˆa‡h©i euva fv‡O; wZwb cÖ‡ivwPZ nb| Ôwei³ nBqvÕ e‡jb : Gt, Zzwg †Zv eo Qu¨vPov| Zzwg hv mvivw`b Ki, ZvB †Zvgvi gy‡L †e‡iv‡”Q| †jv‡K hv Lvq, Zvi †XKzi I‡V| gy‡jv †L‡j gy‡jvi †XKzi I‡V| Wve †L‡j Wv‡ei †XKzi I‡V| Kvwgbx-Kv‡bi wfZi mvivw`b i‡q‡Q, Avi mvivw`b IB K_vB gyL w`‡q †e‡iv‡”Q| †Kej welqwPšÍv Ki‡j cv‡Uvqvwi ¯^fve nq, gvbyl KcU nq| Ck¦iwPšÍv Ki‡j mij nq, Ck¦i mvÿvrKvi n‡j I-K_v †KD ej‡e bv| MÖvg¨ mvi‡j¨i cÖwZg~wZ© kÖxivgK…ò bvMwiK cwikxj‡bi cÖwZf‚ ew¼‡gi †kølUv ai‡ZB cvi‡jb bv| Avb›`gV Avi †`ex †PŠayivYxi †jLK‡K AócÖni ÔAvnvi wb`ªv ˆg_y‡bÕi D`&Mvi †Zvjvi `v‡q Awfhy³ Kiv †h KZLvwb nvm¨Ki, Zvi †Kv‡bv †eva kÖxivgK…‡òi wQj bv| wZwb Zuvi wb‡Ri RMr wb‡q _vK‡Zb, ewntc„w_exi RwUjZv m¤ú‡K© Zuvi Mfxi aviYv ev kÖ×v, †Kv‡bvUvB wQj bv| kÖxivgK…ò g‡b Ki‡jb, AbykxjbZ‡Ë¡i cÖe³v eywS ÔAvnvi wb`ªv ˆg_y‡bÕ w`bvwZcvZ KivUvB Kvg¨ e‡j g‡b K‡ib| A_P wVK Gi wecixZUvB wKš‘ ew¼‡gi e³e¨| wkwÿZ wn›`y f`ª‡jv‡Kiv Avnvi wb`ªv ˆg_y‡b †g‡Z †_‡K †`‡ki me©bv‡ki c_ cÖk¯Í Ki‡Q, G-K_v eûevi eû Dcj‡ÿ e‡j‡Qb wZwb| 6 Rvbyqvwi, 1883 KvjxcÖmbœ †Nvl‡K Dwol¨v †_‡K †j‡Lb : Avwg hLb cÖ_g GLv‡b Avwm, ZLb `yB GK gv‡mi Rb¨ Avwm‡ZwQ, Giƒc KZ…©c‡ÿi wbKU ïwbqvwQjvg| G Rb¨ GKvB AvwmqvwQ|... Gÿ‡Y Rvwbjvg Bnvi wfZi A‡bK Pµ Av‡Q|... †mB gš’ivi `j Avgv‡`i ¯^‡`kx ¯^RvwZ, Avgvi Zzj¨ c`¯’; Avgvi I Avcbvi eÜze‡M©i g‡a¨ MY¨| AvwgB ev Avb›`gV wjwLqv Kx Kwie, AvcwbB ev Zvnvi g~jgš¿ eySvBqv wK Kwi‡eb? G Cl©vcivqY Av‡Z¥v`icivqY RvwZi DbœwZ bvB| ej, Ôe‡›` D`is|Õ6 GB wPwV †_‡K Av‡iv jÿYxq, ew¼g wKš‘ we‡kl K‡i Zuvi ÔZzj¨ c`¯’Õ, †WcywU g¨vwR‡÷ªU ch©v‡qi evOvwj‡`i m¤ú‡K©B IB e¨‡½vw³ K‡i‡Qb Ñ Pvwl, †KivwbKzj ev kÖgRxex‡`i m¤ú‡K© bq, hw`I GB ch©v‡q Zv‡`i cÖwZI †h Zuvi we‡kl D”P aviYv wQj Ggb bq|

cyixlZvwš¿K wPÎKí

kÖxivgK…ò ew¼g‡K Ck¦iwPšÍvnxb, Ô†g‡qgvby‡l

Avm³Õ AvZ¥¤¢ix cwÐZ we‡ePbv K‡i fr©mbv K‡i e‡jb : KvKI g‡b K‡i, Avwg eo m¨vqbv, wKš‘ mKvj‡ejv D‡VB c‡ii ¸ †L‡q g‡i| KvK †`‡Lv‡bv, KZ Do–icyo–i K‡i, fvix m¨vqbv| †m Zzjbvq nuvm fv‡jv| Ñ nuv‡mi mygy‡L `y‡aR‡j `vI, Rj Z¨vM K‡i `ya Lv‡e| GB eûcÖPvwiZ †jvKcÖPwjZ wg_¨vwU Ab¨ A‡b‡Ki g‡Zv kÖxivgK…òI wek¦vm Ki‡Zb, hw`I GUv cÖgvwYZ †h, nuvm Av`‡cB bxi eR©b K‡i ÿxi Lvq bv| kÖxivgK…‡òi ÔKvÂb-ˆeivM¨Õ Ges ÔUvKv gvwU, gvwU UvKvÕ ZË¡ ï‡b Zuv‡K ÔcÖ‡ivwPZÕ Kievi Rb¨ ew¼g e‡jb, ÔUvKv gvwU! gnvkq, PviUv cqmv _vK‡j Mwie‡K †`Iqv hvq| UvKv hw` gvwU, Zvn‡j `qv c‡ivcKvi Kiv n‡e bv?Õ kÖxivgK…ò Gevi mwZ¨B wÿß n‡q I‡Vb : `qv! c‡ivcKvi! †Zvgvi mva¨ wK †h Zzwg c‡ivcKvi K‡iv? gvby‡li GZ bci-Pci wKš‘ hLb Ny‡gvq, ZLb hw` †KD `uvwo‡q gy‡L gy‡Z †`q, †Zv †Ui cvq bv, gyL †f‡m hvq| ZLb AnsKvi, Awfgvb, `c© †Kv_vq hvq? Gici ew¼g‡K Ôk¤¢y gwjø‡Ki MíwUÕ †kvbvb kÖxivgK…ò| k¤¢y gwjøK ÔLye KZK¸‡jv wWm‡cbmvwi, nvmcvZvjÕ Ki‡Z †P‡qwQj| †mUv Zuvi g‡Z Lvivc KvR bq, ÔwKš‘ Zvi _vK Avjv`v| †h ï×f³, †m Ck¦i eB Avi wKQy Pvq bv|Õ GB c‡ivcKvi‡KI wZwb ÔwelqwPšÍvÕ g‡b K‡ib| mywgZ miKvi jÿ Ki‡Z †fv‡jbwb †h, Ôf`ª‡jvK‡`i mgvRKj¨vYg~jK wµqvK‡g©i wewkó welq¸wji GKwU ZvwjKv Zuvi GKwU M‡í wZwb cÖvqB cwi‡ekb Ki‡Zb|Õ wKš‘ kÖxivgK…‡òi Ôg„Zz¨i ci ivgK…‡òi bv‡gB wgkb cÖwZôv K‡i we‡eKvb›` mycwiKwíZ †jvK‡mev‡KB wgk‡bi g~j jÿ¨ K‡i †bb|Õ7 kÖxivgK…ò Zuvi Dc‡`k¸wj weZiY Kievi Rb¨ cÖvqkB cyixlZvwš¿K iƒc‡Ki I wPÎK‡íi AvkÖq wb‡Zb| K_vg„‡Zi cvZvq cvZvq Zvi ARmª wb`k©b Qwo‡q i‡q‡Q| Gi GKwU gb¯ÍvwË¡K we‡kølY wbðqB Kiv hvq, wKš‘ GLv‡b Ab¨ GKwU w`‡Ki cÖwZ `„wó AvKl©Y Kie| Bs‡iwR f`ªZv‡ev‡ai cÖmv`ewÂZ wbgœeMx©q †jvK-cÖKvkfw½i ¯^vfvweK A½ wn‡m‡eB, f`ª‡jvwK Ñ we‡klZ eªvþ Ñ køxj fvlvi ÔAciÕ wn‡m‡eB, Zuvi gy‡L D‡V AvmZ GB fvlv| wkwÿZ f`ª‡jvwK iæwPkxjZv GB Aweij cyixlZvwš¿K D”Pvi‡Y AvnZ n‡Zv m‡›`n †bB, we‡klZ eªvþmgvwR, wf‡±vixq iæwPevMxkZv| Avevi kn‡ii cwðge½xq wn›`y wbgœga¨weË, ga¨weË I D”PeMx©q f`ª‡jv‡KivB Ñ GgbwK eªvþivI Ñ wQj Gme Dc‡`‡ki DwÏó| ew¼gP‡›`ªi †ÿ‡Î welqwU we‡kl K‡i

19


D‡jøL‡hvM¨ GB Kvi‡Y †h, wZwb iæwPkxjZv, AvPi‡Yi myf`ªZv I fvlvi msh‡gi Rb¨ cÖwm× wQ‡jb| iex›`ªbv‡_i Rxeb¯§„wZi cÖev`cÖwZg Aby‡”Q`wU GLv‡b ¯§iY Kwi : GKwU N‡i GKRb ms¯‹…ZÁ cwÐZ ¯^‡`k m¤^‡Ü Zuvnvi K‡qKwU ¯^iwPZ ms¯‹…Z †køvK cwoqv †kÖvZv‡`i Kv‡Q Zvnvi e¨vL¨v Kwi‡ZwQ‡jb| ew¼gevey N‡i XzwKqv GK cÖv‡šÍ `uvovB‡jb| cwЇZi KweZvi GK¯’‡j, Akøxj b‡n, wKš‘ BZi GKwU Dcgv wQj| cwÐZ gnvkq †hgb †mwU‡K e¨vL¨v Kwi‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwi‡jb Agwb ew¼gevey nvZ w`qv gyL Pvwcqv ZvovZvwo †m Ni nB‡Z evwni nBqv †M‡jb| `iRvi KvQ nB‡Z Zuvnvi †mB †`Šwoqv cvjv‡bvi `„k¨wU †hb Avwg †Pv‡L †`wL‡Z cvB‡ZwQ| û‡Zvwg fvlv m¤^‡Ü ew¼‡gi gšÍe¨ cÖwm× n‡q i‡q‡Q : û‡Zvwg fvlv Amy›`i Ges †hLv‡b Akøxj bq, †mLv‡b cweÎZvk~b¨...| whwb û‡Zvg‡cuPv wjwLqvwQ‡jb, Zuvnvi iæwP ev we‡ePbvi cÖksmv Kwi bv|8 GB huvi iæwP I gZ, kÖxivgK…‡òi cyixlZvwš¿K wPÎKí, iƒcK I Dcgv¸wj ï‡b Zuvi cÖwZwµqv Kx n‡Z cv‡i, Abygvb Ki‡Z Kó nq bv| wKš‘ G-wel‡q Zuvi ev Ab¨‡`i †Kv‡bviKg A¯^w¯Íi †Kv‡bv cwiPq kÖxg-wjwLZ weei‡Y Avgiv cvB bv|

RMr, m„wó, mv‡qÝ, dv‡qÝ

kÖxivgK…ò AZtci cÖkœ K‡ib : †KD †KD g‡b K‡i... Av‡M RM‡Zi welq, Rx‡ei welq Rvb‡Z nq, Av‡M mv‡qÝ co‡Z nq (mK‡ji nvm¨)| Zviv e‡j Ck¦‡ii m„wó G-me bv eyS‡j Ck¦i‡K Rvbv hvq bv| Zzwg wK ej? Av‡M mv‡qÝ, bv Av‡M Ck¦i? ew¼gP›`ª ÔAv‡M mv‡qÝ, c‡i Ck¦iÕcš’x ï‡b kÖxivgK…ò Avevi P‡U hvb : IB †Zvgv‡`i GK| Zuv‡K jvf Ki‡j `iKvi nq‡Zv meB Rvb‡Z cvi‡e|... Zzwg AZ RMr, m„wó, mv‡qÝ, dv‡qÝ G-me Ki‡Qv †Kb?... m¨vqbv eyw×, cv‡Uvqvwi eyw×, wePvi eyw× Ki‡j, Ck¦i‡K cvIqv hvq bv| GiciB fveZz½| †KkeP‡›`ªi f³, eªvþmgv‡Ri mycwiwPZ MxwZKvi I MvqK ˆÎ‡jvK¨bv_ mvb¨vj ÔMvb Mvwn‡Z‡Qb| VvKzi kÖxivgK…ò KxZ©b GKUz ïwb‡Z ïwb‡Z nVvr `Ðvqgvb I Ck¦iv‡e‡k evn¨k~b¨ nB‡jb| G‡Kev‡i AšÍgy©L, mgvwa¯’| `uvovBqv mgvwa¯’|Õ kÖxg Rvwb‡q‡Qb, ˆÎ‡jvK¨bv‡_i Mvb ï‡b kÖxivgK…ò bvwK cÖvqB ÔfvevweóÕ n‡Zb| cvfjfxq cwifvlvq G‡K nq‡Zv ÔKwÛkb&W wi‡d¬K&mÕ ejv hvq| ew¼‡gi Kv‡Q e¨vcviUv bZzb, nq‡Zv Awfbe| ZvB Ôew¼g e¨¯Í nBqv wfo †Vwjqv VvKz‡ii Kv‡Q wMqv GK`„‡ó †`wL‡Z‡Qb| wZwb mgvwa KLbI †`‡Lb bvB|Õ e¯‘Z, GB ÔmgvwaÕ †`Lv‡bvi Rb¨B †Zv Aaijvj ew¼g‡K Ges Ab¨ †WcywU‡`i wbgš¿Y K‡iwQ‡jb| †m-D‡Ïk¨ Zuvi mv_©K| ÔwKqrÿY c‡i GKUz evn¨ nBevi ci VvKzi †cÖ‡g Db¥Ë nBqv b„Z¨ Kwi‡Z jvwM‡jb|... †m A™¢zZ b„Z¨ †`wLqv ew¼gvw` Bs‡iRx cov †jv‡Kiv AevK!Õ wKš‘ GB A™¢zZ `„k¨ †`‡L ew¼g wVK Kx gšÍe¨ Ki‡jb, †mUv kÖxg †j‡Lbwb| Z‡e GUzKz wj‡L‡Qb †h, kÖxivgK…ò ¯^vfvweK nevi ci ew¼g Zuvi Kv‡Q Ôfw³ †Kgb K‡i nqÕ Rvb‡Z Pvb| kÖxivgK…ò GKK_vq e‡jb, Ôe¨vKzjZvÕ, hv m¤ú~Y© wbtkZ©, Avb&KwÛkb&W| †Q‡j †hgb gv‡qi Rb¨ e¨vKzj nq, †mBiKg e¨vKzjZv, hvi g‡a¨ †Kv‡bv wePvieyw×i cÖ‡Yv`bv

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†bB| hyw³ZK©, Ávbeyw× †Q‡o ew¼g‡K †mB Avb&KwÛkb&W fv‡ei Mfx‡i Wze †`Iqvi Dc‡`k †`b wZwb : Mfxi R‡ji bx‡P iZœ i‡q‡Q, R‡ji Dci nvZ-cv Qyo‡j wK n‡e?... wVK gvwYK jvf Ki‡Z †M‡j R‡ji wfZi Wze w`‡Z nq| Gev‡iI QÙ-Zvw”Qj¨i my‡i ew¼‡gi DËi : Ôgnvkq, wK Kwi, †cQ‡b †kvjv euvav Av‡Q| (mK‡ji nvm¨)| Wze‡Z †`q bv|Õ wZwb eywS‡q †`b, wePvieyw×nxb e¨vKzjZvme©¯^ fw³i c_ Zuvi bq, hyw³eyw×i Ô†kvjvÕ wZwb Z¨vM Ki‡Z cvi‡eb bv| myZivs †kl ch©šÍ Aaijvj †m‡bi D‡Ïk¨ mdj n‡qwQj g‡b nq bv| kÖxivgK…‡òi mgvwa`kv †`‡L wZwb wb‡R †hfv‡e AvcøyZ n‡q kÖxivgK…‡òi Kv‡Q wb‡R‡K mu‡c w`‡qwQ‡jb, †miKg wKQy ¯úóZB ew¼‡gi †ÿ‡Î N‡Uwb| Z‡e ew¼g †h kÖxivgK…ò Ô†d‡bv‡gbbÕwU‡K wb‡q fvebvwPšÍv K‡iwQ‡jb †mUv wVK| we`vq †bevi Av‡M ew¼g ÔVvKzi‡K cÖYvgÕ K‡i ÔAbyMÖn K‡iÕ Zuvi ÔKzwU‡i GKevi cv‡qi ayjvÕ †`evi wbgš¿Y K‡ib| †m-wbgš¿‡Yi g‡a¨I wQj m~² mskqev`x †køl : Ô†mLv‡bI †`L‡eb f³ Av‡Q|Õ kÖxivgK…ò AmvaviY eyw×gËv-mnKv‡i eywS‡q †`b †h, f³ bvbviKg nq| fw³i Q‡j av›`v †MvQv‡bvi e¨vcviUv †h wZwb fv‡jvB †ev‡Sb Zvi cÖgvY †`b weL¨vZ Ô†Mvcv‡ji MíÕ e‡j| ew¼g wKQy g‡b Ki‡jb bv| wKš‘ we`v‡qi Av‡M ÔGKvMÖ n‡q wK fvwe‡ZwQ‡jbÕ Ñ GZUvB GKvMÖ †h, Avi GKUz n‡jB Mv‡qi Pv`i †d‡jB P‡j hvw”Q‡jb| kÖxgi cÖkœ, Avgv‡`iI cÖkœ : Ôew¼g wK fvwe‡ZwQ‡jb?Õ ew¼‡gi m‡½ kÖxivgK…‡òi Avi †`Lv nqwb| c‡i ÔkÖxhy³ wMwik I gv÷v‡iÕi m‡½ ew¼‡gi ÔkÖxivgK…ò m¤^‡Ü A‡bK K_v nq| VvKzi‡K Avevi `k©b Kwi‡Z Avwmevi B”QvÕI wZwb cÖKvk K‡ib, wKš‘ Av‡mbwb| 6 wW‡m¤^i, 1884 mv‡jB ew¼‡gi m‡½ kÖxivgK…‡òi cÖ_g I †kl †`Lv| kÖxg Rvbv‡”Qb, Gici Ô27 †k wW‡m¤^i, kwbeviÕ kÖxivgK…ò †`ex †PŠayivYxi ÔKZK Ask cvV ïwbqvwQ‡jb I Mx‡Zv³ wb®‹vg K‡g©i welq A‡bK K_v ewjqvwQ‡jb|Õ †m-K_v¸wj Kx, Zv Aek¨ †j‡Lbwb wZwb| wjL‡j nq‡Zv †evSv †hZ, ew¼‡gi MxZvfvebvi m‡½ kÖxivgK…‡òi MxZvfvebv KZ`~i wgjZ|

m~Î wb‡`©k 1. `ªóe¨ Aiwe›` †cvÏvi, ew¼g-gvbm, Ôew¼g HwZn¨ I e‡›` gvZigÕ, cÖZ¨q, KjKvZv 2012, c„ 89| 2. kÖxg-Kw_Z kÖxkÖxivgK…ò K_vg„Z, wØZxq LÐ, D‡Øvab, KjKvZv 1996, c„ 1293| 3. IB| 4. kÖxivgK…‡òi m‡½ ew¼gP‡›`ªi K‡_vcK_‡bi hveZxq weeiY I D×…wZi Drm K_vg„Z, wØZxq LÐ, c„ 1209-1220| 5. Aiwe›` †cvÏvi, c„ 90-91| 6. ew¼g iPbvejx wØZxq LÐ, m¤úv`bv : †hv‡MkP›`ª evMj, mvwnZ¨ msm`, KjKvZv 1968, c„ 922| 7. mywgZ miKvi, KwjhyM, PvKwi, fw³ : kÖxivgK…ò I Zuvi mgq, Abyev` I m¤úv`bv : kgxK e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, †mwievb, KjKvZv 2006, c„ 16| 8. Ôev½vjv fvlvÕ, e½`k©b, 1285 ˆR¨ô, ew¼g iPbvejx wØZxq LÐ, c„ 372| r


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21


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wQj Zuvi, RMrUv wPb‡Zb, Avi AšÍ‡i wQj Mfxi `i`| Zuv‡K fzj‡Z cvie bv †Kv‡bvw`b| 1973 mv‡j Zuvi AKvjg„Zz¨ ch©šÍ Avgv‡`i †hvMv‡hvM wQj| Avgvi RvwZ cwiP‡qi Rb¨ wZwb KL‡bv Avgv‡K Aciva‡eva ev A¯^w¯Í‡Z fzM‡Z †`bwb| wKš‘ wjUKv GKevi Avgv‡K eqmUv K‡qK eQi Kwg‡q wb‡Z e‡jwQ‡jb, hv‡Z Avgvi Rb¥ †h hy‡×i c‡i Zv Av‡iv ¯úó nq| wkKv‡Mv‡Z (Chicago) Zuvi GK †cvwjk evÜexi m‡½ wZwb Avgvi cwiPq Kwi‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb| wZwb wPÎKi, wPÎ-HwZnvwmK Ges wjUKvi g‡ZvB e‡bw` es‡ki| Zuvi nv‡Z Dwé Kzu‡` GKUv msL¨v †Lv`vB Kiv wQj, wZwb †h AvDmDBUm (Auschwitz) ew›`wkwe‡i AšÍixY wQ‡jb, msL¨vUv Zvi cÖZxK| hLb †evSv †Mj wZwb †ek gRvi Avi `iw`, Avwg A‡bKevi Zuvi AwZw_ n‡qwQ| hZw`b †QvU wQjvg, Rvg©vwb Z_v c~e© BD‡iv‡ci ew›`wkwe‡ii wefxwlKv A‡bKUvB ARvbv wQj Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q| wKQy gvgjv†gvKÏgv PjwQj, wKQy ¯§„wZPviY| wKš‘ c‡i-c‡i Av‡iv A‡bK RxweZ fz³‡fvMx gyL Ly‡j‡Qb, Av‡iv wek` M‡elYv n‡q‡Q| Av‡iv `vwM ew›`wkwe‡ii KZ©ve¨w³iv, mwµq Bûw` NvZ‡Kiv kbv³ n‡q‡Qb| RvZxq j¾vi KzbvU¨i‡½i hewbKv D‡Ëvjb n‡q‡Q Avgv‡`i AvZ¼wenŸj `„wói mvg‡b| d‡j Avgv‡`i RvZxq cwiPq gøvb, †`k‡cÖg cÖvq D‡e †M‡Q, ïay IB Z_vKw_Z ÔA_©‰bwZK †`k‡cÖgÕ Qvov| A_©‰bwZK †`k‡cÖg Avevnb K‡i‡Q kw³kvjx GK Rvg©vb A_©bxwZi, hy‡×vËiKv‡ji A_©‰bwZK B›`ªRvj (Wirtschaftswunder), hvi m„wó wKbv aŸsm¯Í‚c †_‡K| GKgvÎ 2006 mv‡j Rvg©vwb‡Z AbywôZ wek¦ dzUej R‡qi m‡½ m‡½, A‡b‡Ki we¯§q RvwM‡q RvZxq M‡e©i e¨vcK ewntcÖKvk jÿ Kiv wM‡qwQj| Ges Aek¨B, `yB Rvg©vwbi bZzb HK¨I GKUv cÖwZwµqv m„wó K‡i‡Q| cwðg Rvg©vwbi wewa-e¨e¯’vi m‡½ gvbv‡Z wM‡q Rvg©vb †W‡gv‡µwUK wicvewjK (GDR) LvwbKUv G‡jv‡g‡jv n‡q hv‡”Q| Avb›` AwewgkÖ nq bv, Rvg©vwbi bZzb HK¨ A‡b‡Ki g‡b Av‡iv GKUv ÿ‡Zi m„wó K‡i‡Q| we¯§‡qi K_v, hLb fvi‡Z _vwK ZLb Gi †Kv‡bvUvB Avgv‡`i †eŠw×K Av‡jvPbvq VuvB cvq bv| Rvg©vwbi BwZnvm, Zvi Aciva, Ab¨vb¨ RvwZ‡Mvôx‡Z bZzb K‡i Zvi AšÍfz©w³i ZvwM` Ñ G mewKQyB Av‡jvP¨ welq nq bv, GgbwK Avgvi wkwÿZ eÜzgn‡jI bq| GLv‡b KvR Ki‡Q BwZnv‡mi Ab¨ ci¤úiv : †`kfvM, DËi Dcwb‡ekev`| GLv‡b mÜvb P‡j‡Q cÖ_‡g wb‡R©vU RvwZ‡Mvôx‡Z AšÍfz©w³i ¯^xK…wZi, Zvici ¯^xK…wZ †mvwf‡qZ BDwbq‡bi Ges †k‡l e„nËi cwim‡i mw¤§wjZ RvwZcy‡Äi| GLv‡b jÿ¨ mdj A_©bxwZi ¯^xK…wZ, ¯^xK…wZ mbvZb HwZn¨evnx †`‡ki, Zvi ms¯‹…wZi Rb¨ M‡e©i nK`vwii| bvbv msNl©-msNvZ, `ybx©wZ, A‡hvM¨Zv, hv GLv‡bi ˆ`bw›`b ˆewkó¨, Zvi g‡a¨B P‡j‡Q Gm‡ei †cQ‡b Qy‡U Pjv| GiKg gvbwmK Ave‡n Rvg©vwbi Dc‡iv³ hš¿YvweKvi wb‡q wPšÍvfvebvi RvqMv we‡kl †bB| Av‡iv GKUv e¨vcvi wew¯§Z K‡i Avgv‡K : wnUjvi‡K G‡`‡k Av`k© gvbv n‡”Q| cÖ_g wek¦hy‡×i c‡i Rvg©vwbi A_©‰bwZK cybiæ¾xeb NwU‡qwQ‡jb wZwb, wbQK GB Kvi‡YB Zuv‡K gnvcyiæl evbv‡bv n‡j Kgeqmx ev Aí-wkwÿZ‡`i ÿgv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i; wKš‘ A‡bK weÁRbI Zuv‡`i wePv‡i Zuv‡K †Kej weªwU‡ki cÖwZcÿ wn‡m‡eB †`‡Lb| r


wQ‡jb bvU¨MZcÖvY| wZwb bvUK-m¤úwK©Z cÖPzi cov‡kvbv K‡i‡Qb; AwfÁZvi Av‡jv‡K bvUK wj‡L‡Qb; QvÎQvÎx, mnKgx© I ¯^Rb‡`i wb‡q Zv g¯’ K‡i‡Qb Ges Gfv‡eB bvU‡Ki cÖvYcyiæl n‡q D‡V‡Qb| gvbyl wn‡m‡eI wZwb eogv‡ci| Ab¨‡K mn‡RB Kv‡Q Uvb‡Z cvi‡Zb| Aa¨vcK iwdKzj Bmjv‡gi AwfgZ, Ôgv‡S gv‡S g‡b nq Avgiv mevB eywS Rxeb¥„Z| wKš‘ hLb gybxi †PŠayixi g‡Zv gvby‡li ms¯ú‡k© Avwm ZLb Rxe‡bi A_© Lyu‡R cvB|Õ  [w_‡qUvi, IB] cÖMwZkxj ¯^vaxbZvKvgx gybxi †PŠayixi Kvh©µg cvwK¯Ívbcš’x cÖwZwµqvkxj `j †g‡b wb‡Z cv‡iwb e‡jB 1971-G kwn` eyw×Rxex‡`i m‡½ Zuv‡KI wbg©gfv‡e nZ¨v Kiv nq| whwb ˆeix cwi‡e‡k, mxwgZ my‡hv‡M bvU¨PP©vi myôz c_wbg©vY Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb, ¯^vaxb †`‡k †m-c_ hLb Av‡jvwKZ n‡Z _v‡K, ZLb wZwb †KejB ¯§„wZ, m¤^j ïay Zuvi iwPZ bvU¨ivwR| ¯^vaxb †`‡k †KD e‡j‡Qb, hy× K‡i ¯^vaxb n‡jv evsjv‡`k, evsjv‡`‡k bvUK G‡jv Ñ †hb nBnB K‡i ivRvi nvwZ Qy‡U G‡jv| †KD e‡jb, GK`j ZiæY gyw³‡hv×v, huviv hy×Kv‡j cwðge‡½ bvUK †`Lvi my‡hvM †c‡qwQ‡jb, ZuvivB evsjv‡`‡ki bvU‡K bZzb welq I Avw½K Av‡bb| G-e³e¨ Ag~jK bq, Avevi cy‡iv mZ¨I bq| KviY, cÂvk-lv‡Ui `k‡KB gybxi †PŠayix, ˆmq` IqvjxDjøvn&, mvC` Avng` AvaywbKgb¯‹ I wbixÿvwcÖq bvU¨Kvi wn‡m‡e cÖkswmZ nb| Z‡e ZL‡bv Avgv‡`i cvVK-`k©K cy‡ivcywi cvðvZ¨ wbixÿvagx© bvU‡Ki cÖwZ AvMÖnx n‡q I‡Vbwb| A¨vemvW©, Aw¯ÍZ¡ev`, †PZbvcÖevn, Awfe¨w³ev`, my¨wiqvwjRg-m¤úwK©Z bvUK Zuv‡`i Kv‡Q cÖvq A‡Pbv-ARvbv| ZvB ˆmq` IqvjxDjøvn& d«v‡Ý GKvwaKevi g¯’ nIqv DRv‡b g„Zz¨i g‡Zv Av‡iv AvUwU bvUK wjL‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb, A_P G‡`‡k bvUKwU g¯’ nIqv †Zv `~‡ii K_v, A‡b‡K c‡oI †`‡Lbwb Rvb‡Z †c‡i nZvk n‡qwQ‡jb| wKš‘ gybxi †PŠayix wQ‡jb me©`v Avkvev`x| wZwb †`‡ki mnR-mij gvbyl‡K fv‡jvfv‡eB Rvb‡Zb| ZvB wek¦bvU‡Ki Kjv‡KŠkj m¤ú‡K© AwfÁ n‡qI bvU‡K mivmwi Zvi cÖ‡qvM K‡ibwb| wZwb †`‡ki BwZnvm, cyivY, HwZn¨, wg_ I mgKvjxb NUbvcÖevn wbw`©ó gvÎvq, mywbcyY `ÿZvq †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv bvU‡K cÖ‡qvM K‡i‡Qb| Zuvi G-bvU¨m„wó wel‡qi ¸iæ‡Z¡ I wkí¸‡Y Kv‡jvËxY©| Zuvi Awe¯§iYxq, ïׇPZbvmÂvix I Ô`„wó D‡b¥vPbKvixÕ bvUK Kei| ZvB fvlv-Av‡›`vj‡bi cUf‚wg‡Z iwPZ G-bvU‡Ki ¸wjwe× jv‡ki K‡É cÖwZev` aŸwbZ nq, ÔAvgiv Ke‡i hv‡ev bv| Avgiv euuvP‡ev|Õ GB euvPv-jovB‡qi d‡jB GKvˇii

¯^vaxbZv AR©b| GLv‡bB cÖR‡b¥i ci cÖRb¥e¨vcx gybxi †PŠayixi bvUK ¸iæZ¡ enb K‡i Avm‡Q| GKz‡k †deªæqvwi G‡jB Av‡Rv Avgv‡`i wd‡i †h‡Z nq Kei bvU‡Ki Kv‡Q, n‡Z nq D¾xweZ| gybxi †PŠayix mv¤úª`vwqK kw³i Kv‡Q gv_v bZ K‡ibwb| gvbweK D`vi †PZbv‡K jvjb K‡i‡Qb| cvwbc‡_i Z…Zxq hy‡× gymjgvb‡`i †h-weRq nq, Zuv‡K w`‡q †mB weRqMv_v iPbvi †Póv n‡qwQj| wZwb †mB hyׇK †cÖÿvc‡U †i‡L i³v³ cÖvšÍi bvU‡K hy×we‡ivax I ü`qe„wËK †PZbvi cÖvavb¨ w`‡q‡Qb| MZvbyMwZK HwZnvwmK bvU¨avivewnf‚©Z, wg_¨vkÖqx Uª¨v‡RwWagx© bvUKwU Ke‡ii g‡ZvB b‡ev™¢‚Z Avw½‡K MwVZ Ges mgKvj AwZµgx bw›`Z wkíKg©| gybxi †PŠayix ¸Yx wkÿK, Qv·`i m‡½ wQj Zuvi wbweo m¤úK©| wZwb QvÎQvÎx‡`i gvb-Awfgvb, Avb›`-†e`bv, †mœn-fv‡jvevmvi Av‡jv‡K iPbv K‡ib bvUK wPwV, Avcwb †K?, `Ðai| `ÐKviY¨ bvU¨MÖš’wU DrmM© K‡ib QvÎQvÎx‡`i Ô†Kvgj KwVb K‡iÕ| bvUK iPbvi ci wZwb mggbv mnKgx©, QvÎ I ¯^Rb‡`i c‡o †kvbv‡Zb| †kÖvZv‡`i †Lvjv‡gjv gZvgZ cÖZ¨vkv Ki‡Zb| i‡Yk `vk¸ß I ggZvD`&`xb Avn‡g` Kei bvU‡Ki †klvsk g~j bvU‡Ki DËvc‡K LvwbKUv kxZj K‡i‡Q e‡j gšÍe¨ K‡ib| D`vi‡PZv gybxi †PŠayix Gi Dˇi e‡jb, cÖ‡qvRb n‡j cÖ‡hvRK bvU‡Ki †klvskB eR©b Ki‡Z cv‡ib| gybxi †PŠayix †gŠwjK bvUK iPbvi cvkvcvwk we‡`wk bvU‡Ki Abyev` I iƒcvšÍi K‡i‡Qb| G-ch©v‡qi bvUK wbe©vP‡bi †ÿ‡Î Zuvi Mfxi Rxeb‡eva, wbLyuZ wkí`„wó I AvaywbK bvU¨Áv‡bi cwiPq †g‡j| cvðvZ¨ bvU¨Kjv m¤ú‡K© evOvwj bvU¨Kgx©‡`i AeMZ Kiv‡bv Ges evsjvi bvU¨g‡K mg„×Ki‡Yi AwfcÖv‡q wZwb Abyev`-iƒcvšÍiK‡g© g‡bv‡hvMx nb| Zuvi Ab~w`Z-iƒcvšÍwiZ bvUK †eZvi-†Uwjwfk‡b AwfbxZ nq, cvVK`k©KwcÖqZv cvq| Zzjbvg~jK wePv‡i †`Lv †M‡Q, hw` GKB bvUK gybxi †PŠayixmn `y-wZbRb Abyev`-iƒcvšÍi K‡ib, †m-†ÿ‡Î gybxi †PŠayixi Abyev`-iƒcvšÍiB †kÖq we‡ewPZ n‡q‡Q| Uª¨v‡RwWi †P‡q K‡gwW bvU‡Ki cÖwZ Zuvi †SuvK wQj †ewk| †kK&mwcqi, evb©vW© k, Mj&mIqvw`©, w÷ªÛevM© cÖgyL bvU¨Kv‡ii bvUK Zuvi Abyev`-iƒcvšÍ‡ii AšÍfz©³ n‡q‡Q| eZ©gv‡b gybxi †PŠayixi DËim~wi eû Abyev`K we‡k¦i wewfbœ fvlv †_‡K evsjvfvlvq bvUK Abyev`-iƒcvšÍi Ki‡Qb| d‡j evsjv bvU¨fvÐvi mg„× n‡”Q| gybxi †PŠayix wQ‡jb bvU¨msMVK I wb‡`©kK| Zuvi Aby‡cÖiYvq bvix wkíxiv g‡Â

huviv hy×Kv‡j cwðge‡½ bvUK †`Lvi my‡hvM †c‡qwQ‡jb, ZuvivB evsjv‡`‡ki bvU‡K bZzb welq I Avw½K Av‡bb| G-e³e¨ Ag~jK bq, Avevi cy‡iv mZ¨I bq| KviY, cÂvk-lv‡Ui `k‡KB gybxi †PŠayix, ˆmq` IqvjxDjøvn&, mvC` Avng` AvaywbKgb¯‹ I wbixÿvwcÖq bvU¨Kvi wn‡m‡e cÖkswmZ nb| 23


cÖeÜ

†cv‡qwUª cwÎKvq iex›`ªbv_ cÖm½ myeªZKzgvi `vm

Av

‡gwiKvi wkKv‡Mv kni †_‡K cÖKvwkZ gvwmK KweZv cwÎKv †cv‡qwUªi m‡½ evOvwj mvwnwZ¨K‡`i †hvMv‡hv‡Mi BwZnvm GKk eQi cyi‡bv| 1912 mv‡ji wW‡m¤^i msL¨vq †mB †hvMv‡hv‡Mi m~ÎcvZ| Kwe GRiv cvD‡Ûi (1885-1972) cvVv‡bv iex›`ªbv_-iwPZ I Ab~w`Z QqwU KweZv Qvcv n‡qwQj cwÎKvwU‡Z| GKB msL¨vq cvD‡Ûi wb‡RiI GKUv †QvU †jLv Qvcv n‡qwQj iex›`ªbv_-wel‡q| 1959 mv‡ji Rvbyqvwi gv‡m cwÎKvwUi GKwU we‡kl msL¨v Qvcv n‡qwQj fviZ-welq wb‡q| m~wPe× †jLK‡`i AwaKvskB wQ‡jb evsjv fvlvi mvwnwZ¨K| 1961 mv‡ji b‡f¤^i gv‡m iex›`ªbv‡_i Rb¥kZevwl©Kx D`hvc‡bi Ask wn‡m‡e †m-cwÎKvq Qvcv n‡qwQj Kwe‡K wb‡q Av‡gwiKvi weL¨vZ Kwe ievU© d«‡÷i (1874-1963) `xN© gšÍe¨| cÖkvšÍKzgvi cv‡ji (1938-2007) iweRxebxi lô L‡Ð (KjKvZv, wØZxq cybg©y`ªY 2004) †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvi m‡½ iex›`ªbv‡_i †hvMv‡hv‡Mi welqwU Z_¨-DcvË mnKv‡i Dc¯’vwcZ n‡q‡Q| †jLK Rvwb‡q‡Qb, 1912 mv‡ji 28 †m‡Þ¤^i GRiv cvDÛ †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvi m¤úvw`Kv nvwi‡qU gb‡iv‡K (1860-1936) GK wPwV‡Z †j‡Lb, ÔAlso I’ll try to get some of the poems of the very great Bengali Poet, Rabindranath Tagore. They are going to be the sensation of the winter. ...They are translated by

24

the author into very beautiful english prose, with mastery of cadence.’ D. D. Paige-m¤úvw`Z The Letters of Ezra Pound : 1907-1941 (jÛb, 1950) MÖ‡š’ wPwVwU AšÍfz©³ n‡q‡Q| †m-eB †_‡K cÖkvšÍKzgvi Zuvi MÖ‡š’ D×…wZwU DrKjb K‡i‡Qb (c„ 341)| 1912 mv‡ji wW‡m¤^i msL¨vwU wQj gvwmK †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvi Z…Zxq msL¨v| G‡Z cÖKvwkZ Kwei QqwU KweZv n‡jv : 1. Thou hast made me known to friends... 2. No more noisy loud words from me... 3. On the day when the lots bloomed... 4. By all means they try to hold me... 5. I was not aware of the moment... 6. Thou art the sky and thou art the nest... Av‡gwiKvi †Kv‡bv cÎcwÎKvq †meviB cÖ_g iex›`ªbv‡_i †Kv‡bv †jLvi cÖKvk N‡U| †m-msL¨vq L¨vwZgvb Bs‡iR Kwe WweøD we B‡qU‡mi (1865-1939) cuvPwU KweZv Qvcv n‡qwQj| iex›`ªbv‡_i KweZvi wk‡ivbvg wQj ÔPoemsÕ Avi cvD‡Ûi †jLvi wk‡ivbvg wQj ÔTagore’s PoemsÕ| †mB †QvU †jLvq cvDÛ Rvwb‡qwQ‡jb, ÔThe six poems now published were chosen from a hundred lyrics about to appear in book form. They might just as well have been any other six, for they do not represent a summit


of attainment but and average.Õ e‡j ivLv cÖ‡qvRb †h, GB ÿz`ª iPbvwU cieZx©Kv‡j iex›`ªbv_ wb‡q cvD‡Ûi GKwU wekvj iPbvi wfwËf‚wg wn‡m‡e KvR K‡iwQj| iex›`ªbv_‡K GK wPwV‡Z cvDÛ wj‡LI wQ‡jb †h, IUv GKUv †bvwUk gvÎ, cÖeÜ nqwb| GRiv cvDÛ-iwPZ iex›`ªbv_welqK `xN© cÖeÜwU Qvcv nq Fortnightly Review cwÎKvq 1913 mv‡ji gvP© msL¨vq GKB wk‡ivbv‡g| †m-cwÎKvwUi b‡f¤^i msL¨vq MxZvÄwj wb‡q bq c„ôve¨vcx Av‡jvPbv Qvcv n‡qwQj cvD‡Ûi| Avgv‡`i Rvbv Av‡Q, ZZw`‡b jÛ‡b Bs‡iwR MxZvÄwj cÖKvwkZ n‡q †M‡Q| †cv‡qwUª‡Z cÖKvwkZ KweZvi Rb¨ iex›`ªbv_ †c‡qwQ‡jb m¤§vbx wn‡m‡e wÎk Wjvi| e‡j ivLv cÖ‡qvRb, iweRxebxi mßg LÐ ev Ab¨ Avi †Kv‡bv L‡Ð †cv‡qwUª cwÎKv Ges Gi m¤úv`K gb‡iv‡K wb‡q Avi wKQy †jLv †bB| lô L‡Ð Ab¨Î (c„ 419) †jLK Rvwb‡q‡Qb †h, †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvi Ryb msL¨v †`Lvi my‡hvM Zuvi nqwb| wZwb Katherine Henn (1940) msKwjZ Rabindranath Tagore : A Biography (1985) MÖš’ †_‡K Ryb msL¨vq cÖKvwkZ KweZv¸‡jvi wk‡ivbvg msMÖn K‡i‡Qb| aviYv Kiv hvq, iweRxebxi †jLK cwÎKvwUi cieZx© Avi †Kv‡bv msL¨v †`Lvi my‡hvM cvbwb| Avgiv †`‡LwQ, cÖ_gevi hLb iex›`ªbv‡_i KweZv Qvcv n‡jv ZLb m~wPc‡Î evOvwj Kwei bvg wQj me †k‡l| hw`I Qq gvm †h‡Z bv †h‡ZB iex›`ªbv‡_i bvg D‡V Av‡m mevi Ic‡i| 1913 mv‡ji Ryb msL¨vq ÔPoemsÕ wk‡ivbv‡g Zuvi †h-KweZv¸‡jv Qvcv nq †m¸‡jvi wb‡P wQj cieZx©Kv‡ji Av‡gwiKvi A‡bK weL¨vZ Kwei m‡½ William Carlos Williams (1883-1963)-Gi KweZv| Ryb msL¨vq iex›`ªbv_-iwPZ I Ab~w`Z 14wU KweZv cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj| †m¸‡jv n‡jv : 1. I found a few old letters... 2. We both live in the same village... 3. Sing the song of the moment... 4. O you mad, you superbly drunk! 5. With a glance of your eyes... 6. I asked of Destiny... 7. Tell me if this is all true... 8. Amidst the rush and roar of life... 9. Lest I should know you... 10. Come as you are... 11. Leave off your works, bride... 12. My soul is alight... 13. Keep me fully glad... 14. Over the green and yellow... 1913 mv‡ji wW‡m¤^i msL¨vi †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvq Qvcv n‡qwQj cuvPwU KweZv| KweZv¸‡jv n‡jv : ÔThe Temple of Gold’, ÔThe Price’, ÔUnion’, ÔThe Gift’, ÔThe TrystÕ| †m-KweZv¸‡jv m¤úv`K Kwe‡K ZvwM` w`‡q wb‡qwQ‡jb, †Kbbv wVK Av‡Mi gv‡mB iex›`ªbv‡_i bvg †NvwlZ n‡qwQj †bv‡ej mvwnZ¨ cyi¯‹vi cÖvcK wn‡m‡e| 1916 mv‡ji †m‡Þ¤^i gv‡m cÖKvwkZ nq iex›`ªbv‡_i A‡bK¸‡jv ÿz`ª KweZv| wk‡ivbvg wQj ÔEpigramÕ| Mfxi cv‡V Luy‡R cvIqv m¤¢e †m-ÿz`ª KweZv¸‡jvi †Kvb¸‡jv Kwei cieZx©Kv‡j ÿz`ª KweZvi msKjb wn‡m‡e wbDBqK© †_‡K cÖKvwkZ MÖš’ Stray Birds (1916) Ges GKB kni †_‡K ev‡iv eQi ci Fireflies-G AšÍfz©³ nq| Gevi AvmwQ †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvi fviZ msL¨vq| m~wPe×

evOvwj Kwe‡`i g‡a¨ iex›`ªbv_ QvovI wQ‡jb eyׇ`e emy (1908-1974), ivRj²x †`ex (1927-2005), A‡kvK weRq ivnv (1910-1990), KiæYvwbavb e‡›`¨vcva¨vq (18771955), b‡ik ¸n (1924-2009), Rxebvb›` `vk (18991954), myax›`ªbv_ `Ë (1901-60), ûgvqyb Kwei (1906-67) Ges Awgq PµeZx© (1901-86)| ûgvqyb Kwei wb‡RB Abyev` K‡iwQ‡jb iex›`ªbv‡_i KweZv ÔI Will Not Let You GoÕ| KweZv¸‡jvi wZbwUi Abyev`K wQ‡jb jxjv ivq (1910-92)| Avi eyׇ`e emy, ivRj²x †`ex, Rxebvb›`, ûgvqyb Kwei Ges Awgq PµeZx©i KweZv wQj ¯^-Ab~w`Z| D‡jøL Kiv cÖ‡qvRb, ZZw`‡b cÖqvZ Rxebvb›` `v‡ki †h-Abyev`wU †m-msL¨vq Qvcv nq Zvi Bs‡iwR wk‡ivbvg n‡jv ÔTwenty Years AfterÕ| 1961 mv‡j wek¦e¨vcx D`&hvwcZ nq, iex›`ªbv_ VvKz‡ii Rb¥kZevwl©Kx| †m-Dcj‡ÿ †cv‡qwUª iex›`ªbv‡_i cÖwZ we‡kl `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i| GwcÖj gv‡mi 19 Zvwi‡L wbDBq‡K© †iKW© Kiv nq iex›`ªbv_‡K wb‡q Av‡gwiKvi weL¨vZ Kwe ievU© d«‡÷i gšÍe¨| b‡f¤^‡i cÖKvwkZ †m-gšÍ‡e¨i wk‡ivbvg wQj Ñ ÔRemarks of the Occasion of the Tagore CentenaryÕ| `xN© 14 c„ôvi †m-gšÍ‡e¨ d«÷ Kwe‡K cÖavbZ GKRb RvZxqZvev`x wn‡m‡e wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb| wZwb GI e‡j‡Qb †h, iex›`ªbv_ n‡jb Ggb GKRb Kwe, whwb wk‡íi Rb¨ wkí‡K (Art for Art’s sake) Zuvi gZev` wn‡m‡e wbfx©KwP‡Ë †NvlYv K‡iwQ‡jb| d«‡÷i fvlvq Ñ ÔZuvi wQj gvbeZvi Rb¨ cÖMvp fv‡jvevmv| wZwb Zuvi kÎæ Qvov cÖwZwU gvbyl‡K fv‡jvevm‡Zb| wZwb Zv‡`i mevi m¤ú‡K©B BwZevPK g‡bvfve †cvlY Ki‡Zb| Zuvi BwZevPK K_vevZ©v ïb‡Z LyeB AvKl©Yxq jvMZ| GgbwK Zuvi kÎæ‡`i Rb¨ Zuvi GK ai‡bi cÖkÖq wQj|Õ d«÷ Rvwb‡q‡Qb, iex›`ªbv_ e¨vcKfv‡e Zuvi KweZvq Ck¦‡ii K_v e‡j‡Qb| wZwb iex›`ª-iPbv †_‡K DrKjb K‡i iex›`ªbv‡_i

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nvwi‡qU gb‡iv, m¤úv`K †cv‡qwUª

iex›`ªbv_ m¤ú‡K© d«÷ e‡jbÑ ÔZuvi wQj gvbeZvi Rb¨ cÖMvp fv‡jvevmv| wZwb Zuvi kÎæ Qvov cÖwZwU gvbyl‡K fv‡jvevm‡Zb| wZwb Zv‡`i mevi m¤ú‡K©B BwZevPK g‡bvfve †cvlY Ki‡Zb| Zuvi BwZevPK K_vevZ©v ïb‡Z LyeB AvKl©Yxq jvMZ| GgbwK Zuvi kÎæ‡`i Rb¨ Zuvi GK ai‡bi cÖkÖq wQj|Õ 26

Ck¦‡ii ¯^iƒc‡K wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb| hw`I d«÷ gy³Q‡›`i KweZvi cÿcvZx wQ‡jb bv| wZwb mivmwi Rvwb‡q‡Qb, ÔI don’t know how to read free verse; I’m a sing-song man. And I always want meter and all that. I can read straight prose, but I’m all bothered by this that’s somewhere between. I think they meant to intone; you Ôintone’ when you don’t know what else to do with anything.’ G-cÖm‡½ ¯§iY Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, w`wjøi mvwnZ¨ AvKv‡`wg W. ivavK…ò‡Yi m¤úv`bvq 1961 mv‡j Rabindranath Tagore : A Centenary Volume 1861 wk‡ivbv‡gi wecyjvqZb MÖš’ cÖKvk K‡i, hv‡Z ÔTagore’s Poetry overflowed national boundariesÕ bv‡g d«‡÷i GKwU ÿz`ª †jLv AšÍfz©³ n‡qwQj| †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvi `xN© †jLvq d«÷ e‡j‡Qb, ÔNow I have interests with Ireland, have been friends with the poets that made Ireland. I knew them quite well. And I Knew best of all an Indian, Rabindranath Tagore.Õ (c„ 106)| G †_‡K aviYv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i †h, iex›`ªbv‡_i m‡½ d«‡÷i †hvMv‡hvM N‡UwQj| cÖeÜwUi Ab¨Î d«÷ wj‡L‡Qb, wZwb iex›`ªbv_‡K A‡bKLvwb †R‡bwQ‡jb cÂvk eQi Av‡M Av‡gwiKvi cÖavb Kwe‡`i Ab¨Zg wg‡mm DBwjqvg fb †gvwWi gva¨‡g (c„ 112)| Awiwfqv nvIqvW© Wvbevi wjwLZ †gvwWi Rxebxg~jK MÖš’ A House in Chicago-†Z †Pv‡Ïv c„ôvRy‡o iex›`ªbv_cÖm½ wee„Z (wkKv‡Mv, 1948, wØZxq ms¯‹iY,

c„ 93-106)| GLv‡b ¯§iY Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i †gvwW n‡jb Av‡gwiKvi wkKv‡Mv kn‡ii wkí-mvwn‡Z¨i AbyivMx †mB e¨emvqx gwnjv, huvi evmvq iex›`ªbv_ 1912 I 1916 mv‡j Av‡gwiKv ågYKv‡j AvwZ_¨ MÖnY K‡ib| wg‡mm †gvwWi ZË¡veav‡b Les Petits Jeux Floraux bv‡gi mvwnZ¨evm‡i †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvi m¤úvw`Kv gb‡iv wbqwgZ Avm‡Zb| Ab¨ Av‡iv weL¨vZ Kwe-mvwnwZ¨‡Ki g‡a¨ huviv wbqwgZ †m-Avm‡i Dcw¯’Z _vK‡Zb Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ wQ‡jb ZiæY Kwe ievU© d«÷| Avw` evwo Kzwgjøvi wewkó iex›`ª-we‡klÁ nx‡i›`ªbv_ `Ë (1903-1995) Zuvi A-†Pbv iex›`ªbv_ (KjKvZv, 1984) MÖ‡š’i Ôiex›`ªf³ wg‡mm fb †gvwWÕ cÖe‡Ü Ggb Z_¨ w`‡q‡Qb| K…ò K…cvjbx (1907-92) Zuvi Rabindranath Tagore : A Biography eB‡q Rvwb‡q‡Qb †h, iex›`ªbv‡_i m‡½ d«‡÷i `yevi †`Lv n‡q‡Q : 1912 mv‡j Ges 1930 mv‡j| cÖ_gevi jÛ‡b Avi wØZxqevi Av‡gwiKvq (wek¦fviZx bZzb ms¯‹iY 1980 c„ 374)| G-cÖm‡½ Av‡iv ¯§iY Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i †h, 1968 mv‡ji gvP© msL¨vq cwÎKvwU‡Z ÔFrom the BengaliÕ wk‡ivbv‡g †h-mgv‡jvPbvwU cÖKvwkZ nq, Zv‡Z AšÍfz©³ wQj ûgvqyb Kwei-m¤úvw`Z One Hundred and One : Poems by Rabindranath Tagore, Ges Richard Lewis-m¤úvw`Z Moon, For What Do You Wait? Poems by Tagore bv‡gi MÖš’`ywU QvovI Z…Zxq Av‡iKwU MÖš’| mgv‡jvPK wQ‡jb Leila Laughlin. One Hundred and One : Poems by Rabindranath Tagore mgv‡jvP‡Ki `„wó‡Z bw›`Z nqwb| wZwb wj‡LwQ‡jb, ÔMore than a dozen Indian writers have contributed translations to this collection, but the result is neither good poetry, nor with a few exceptions, very good prose.Õ wZwb iex›`ª-Abyev‡`i Av‡`¨vcvšÍ BwZnvm Av‡jvKcvZ K‡i Abyev‡`i AšÍwb©wnZ mgv‡jvPbvq wM‡q‡Qb| Z‡e wbDBqK© †_‡K 1967 mv‡j cÖKvwkZ jyB‡mi MÖš’wU wb‡q Zuvi e³e¨ BwZevPK| jyBm iex›`ªbv‡_i †QvU KweZv¸‡jv‡K wb‡q‡Qb, G‡KKwUi ci duvKv RvqMv †i‡L‡Qb AjsKi‡Yi Rb¨| †kl K‡i‡Qb GB e‡j †h, ÔIt is a charming and unpretentious little bookÕ| †cv‡qwUª cwÎKvi lvU eQi c~wZ© nq 1972 mv‡j| †m-eQ‡ii A‡±vei gv‡m cÖKvwkZ we‡kl msL¨vq GKwU iPbvi wk‡ivbvg wQj Ñ ÔComment of Six DecadesÕ hv‡Z 1912 mv‡ji wW‡m¤^‡i cÖKvwkZ GRiv cvD‡Ûi ÔTagore’s PoemsÕ †jLvwU cybgyw© `ªZ nq| r


cÖeÜ

AvaywbK KweZv I weòz †` gvgybyi ingvb

we

òz †` AvaywbK evOvwj Kwe, M`¨‡jLK, Abyev`K, AvaywbKZv, DËi-AvaywbKZv hyM A¨vKv‡WwgK Ges wkí-mgv‡jvPK| wZwb AvaywbK evOvwj Kwe‡`i g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg †kÖô Kwe I wPšÍvkxj e¨w³Z¡| wZwi‡ki AvaywbK evOvwj Kwe‡`i Ab¨Zg| weòz †`-i KweZvq cvIqv hvq gbxlv I Av‡e‡Mi mnR mgš^qRvZ †`kR HwZn¨ I wek¦mvwn‡Z¨i wewPÎ fvebvi HwZn¨‡K, hv wZwb AvZ¥¯’ K‡i‡Qb wb‡Ri Mfxi fvebv‡eva I e¨vcK we‡kølYvZ¥K †Kv‡bv GK Abyf‚wZ Øviv| Zuvi Kve¨wPšÍvi g~jMV‡b †hgb BD‡ivcxq AvaywbK Kwe‡`i wPý AwZ my¯úó, †Zgwb i‡q‡Q cÖfvekxj gvK©mxq `k©b| weòz †` Rxe‡bi †Kv‡bv GK mg‡q KwgDwb÷ †bZ…‡Z¡i cÖwZ Av¯’vnxbZvi cÖevwnZ avivi g‡a¨ w`‡qI mgq KvwU‡q‡Qb; hv Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB Zuvi iwPZ †ek wKQy KweZvq| ivRbxwZ I mvgvwRK Av‡›`vj‡bi cÖwZ m‡PZbZv; evsjv‡`‡ki †jŠwKK hvwcZ RxebPP©vi cÖwZ AbyivM, Mfxi Abyf‚wZwcÖq, cyivY Ges BwZnvm RvMÖZ‡eva, Q‡›`i myPviæ mv_©K e¨envi, wewPÎ web¨v‡m KweZvq wg‡ji PgK, kã cÖ‡qv‡M ˆbcy‡Y¨i e¨envi Ges m‡e©vcwi GK weivU wek¦ I gvbweK †ev‡a wbgMœ AvaywbK Kwe weòz †`| wZwb evgcš’x `k©b Øviv DØy× n‡qwQ‡jb cÖ_g Rxe‡b| GQvov wZwb Kwe wU.Gm. Gwjq‡Ui iPbv‰kjx Ges fvebv Øviv cÖfvweZ

n‡qwQ‡jb| weòz †`-i g‡a¨ bZzb GK c_ †`L‡Z †c‡qwQ‡jb iex›`ªbv_| weòz †`-i KweZv KvVv‡gvMZ bZzb †Kv‡bv KweZv bq; †mB KweZvq †`Lv †`q Avgv‡`i e¨w³Z¡ cÖKv‡ki GK Af‚Z mgš^q| wZwb wK dzwi‡q hvb Avgv‡`i g‡bi ¯’vb †_‡K Lye Kg mg‡q? Zuvi KweZvq †hgb i‡q‡Q AvcvZcÖ”Qbœ ˆewPΨgq k‡ãi †Ljv, †Zgwb i‡q‡Q k‡ãi S¼vi| Zuvi Q›` hvwš¿K bq; Abyf‚wZi m‡½ Q‡›`i m¤ú‡K© wZwb me©`v m‡PZb| wKš‘ weòz †`-i KweZv †`Lv †`qwb m¤ú~Y©fv‡e `y‡e©va¨ n‡q| KL‡bv KL‡bv Zv †Kej DuwK †g‡i‡Q| weòz †`-i Kve¨fvebvq †R‡M D‡V‡Q Q›` I k‡ãi GK Amvgvb¨ AwaKvi| hv Avgiv Zuvi GKK †Kv‡bv Kv‡e¨i gv‡S cvB bv; eis cvB m¤ú~Y© Kve¨ Ry‡o| wZwi‡ki cÖavb Kwe‡`i GKwU w`K Lye ¯úó n‡q †`Lv †`q; Avi Zv n‡jv, Zuv‡`i wbR¯^ `„wó‡KvY Ges wbR¯^Zvi cwiPq| †h-`„wó‡KvY Avi wbR¯^Zv †_‡K ev` hvbwb weòz †`-I| KL‡bv †mUvB †`Lv w`‡q‡Q KweZvi k‡ãi iæwP Avi AwfiæwPi e¨vcvi n‡q| weòz †`; e¨w³MZ †kvK, `ytL, AbyZvc, Av‡eM Avi Aby‡kvPbv‡K wb‡q Av‡mbwb Zuvi KweZvi ga¨Lv‡b| wKš‘ Zuvi KweZv †_‡K †M‡Q fvlv msnZ GK KweZv n‡q, hv n‡q I‡V GK weï× KweZviƒ‡c| †h-fvlv wZwb wbe©vPb K‡i‡Qb Zv n‡q D‡V‡Q GKvšÍfv‡e

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weòz †`-i fvlv n‡q; †h-fvlv cÖmvwiZ iƒc †c‡q‡Q Zuvi-B KweZvq| †mB fvlv eûiƒcx bv n‡q eis n‡q I‡V KweZvi bvMwiK fvlvq| weòz †`-iwPZ fvlv GKvšÍiƒ‡c Zuvi bvMwiK fvlv| †h-fvlv wb‡q †Ljv K‡ibwb Ab¨ †KD; A‡b¨i fvlv wb‡q †hgb †g‡Z I‡Vbwb wZwb wb‡RI| wZwi‡ki Kwe‡`i fvlvi GKvšÍ cvj Dwo‡q‡Qb `yRb| GKRb Rxebvb›` `vk, AciRb weòz †`| Rxebvb›` `vk †hgb †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb cÖK…wZ Avi Zvi wbtm½Zv‡K; Z`ªƒc weòz †` †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb bMiRxe‡bi bvMwiK kãgvjv‡K, †h-kãgvjv Zuvi KweZvq Avgiv cv‡ev cÖ_g †_‡K †kl ch©šÍ| MxwZagx© †ev‡ai m‡½ wZwb mgš^q NwU‡qwQ‡jb wjwiK¨vj Abyf‚wZi; hvi d‡j Zuvi KweZv †cj mv_©KZvi iƒc| wZwb †P‡qwQ‡jb c~‡e©i Kwe‡`i †_‡K fve I fw½MZ ˆewPΨgq cwieZ©b; hv Avgiv ¯úófv‡e j¶ Kwi ZuviB iwPZ KweZvq| c„w_exi mKj fvlv nq‡Zv Zuvi GKvšÍ fvlv n‡q DV‡Z cv‡iwb; Zvi fvlv wK n‡q D‡VwQj KweZvwcÖq‡`i Kv‡Q wcÖq fvlviƒ‡c? †mB me KweZvi fvlv wb‡q wZwb †L‡j‡Qb mKvj, we‡Kj Avi mܨvq| gvK©mxq `x¶v Zuvi KweZv‡K D¾xweZ K‡i‡Q; civ¯Í K‡iwb| †mUv weòz †`-i KweZvi Af¨šÍ‡i cÖ‡ek Ki‡j Avgiv ¯úó †`L‡Z cvB| weòz †` wj‡L‡Qb wewPÎv I K‡jøv‡j; hw`I KweZvi ga¨fv‡M Zuvi †jLv †ewk G‡m‡Q cÖMwZ I a~cQvqvq| a~cQvqv m¤úv`bv‡ZI wQj Zuvi nvZ| cieZx© mg‡q cÖMwZi GKvšÍ m¤ú‡K© wg‡k hvb eyׇ`‡ei m‡½| ZviI cieZx© mg‡q Av‡iv Mfxifv‡e wg‡k hvb KweZv cwÎKvi m‡½| 1931-G cwiPq cwÎKv cÖKv‡ki m‡½ m‡½ weòz †`-i KweZvRM‡Zi GK e¨vcK cwieZ©b N‡U hvq| cÖKvwkZ n‡Z _v‡K KweZvi ci KweZv| cwiPq-m¤úv`K myax›`ªbv_ `‡Ëi m‡½ nvjKv m¤úK© Gevi GwM‡q hvq eÜz‡Z¡i w`‡K| GLv‡b G‡m ïay myax›`ªbv_ `Ë bq; cwiPq N‡U Av‡iv A‡b‡Ki m‡½, †h-m¤úK© AUzU wQj Rxe‡bi `xN© mgq| cwiP‡qi cÖ_g msL¨v‡ZB weòz †` cÖKvk K‡ib cÖæ¯Í Abyev`| KweZv wj‡L‡Qb `ywU, ÔcwiP‡qi cÖ_g msL¨vi †kÖô KweZv|Õ wØZxq msL¨vq cÖKvk K‡ib j‡i‡Ýi mgv‡jvPbv| cwiP‡q cÖKvwkZ nq weòz †`-i weL¨vZ wKQy KweZv| Zvi g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg wQj ÔI‡dwjqvÕ, ÔwRRxwelvÕ, Ô†NvomIqviÕ BZ¨vw`| 1936 mgq ch©šÍ iPbv ZvwjKvq ïay `ywU evsjv eB‡qi mgv‡jvPbvi †LuvR cvIqv hvq| †m-`ywU n‡jv Ñ AwPšÍ¨Kzgvi I eyׇ`e emyi Kve¨MÖš’| cwiP‡qi eo GKUv D‡Ïk¨B wQj mgv‡jvPbvi gv‡bvbœqb Ges we‡`wk MÖ‡š’i cwiPq cÖ`vb Kiv| †m-D‡Ïk¨ md‡j Zuvi mnvqK wQ‡jb weòz †`| 1933-G hLb weòz †`-i De©kx I Av‡U©wgm cÖKvwkZ nq; ZLb cÖKvkK wn‡m‡e bvg _v‡K eyׇ`e emyi| Gi `yeQi c‡iB eyׇ`e emy †ei K‡ib †mB weL¨vZ cwÎKv| cÖ_g †_‡KB Zuvi GKvšÍ mn‡hvMx wn‡m‡e bvg _v‡K weòz †`-i| ïay KweZv‡ZB bq; Zuvi Kg©m~wPi e¨vwß wQj Ab¨vb¨ Kg©Kv‡ÐI| KweZv Ges cwiPq Ñ G `yB cwÎKv‡ZB mgvbfv‡e wj‡L‡Qb weòz †`| wZwb wbR †_‡KB cÖ‡qvRbxqZv †eva KiwQ‡jb GB `ywU cwÎKvi| weòz †` Zuvi Rxebe¨vcx GKvšÍfv‡e †e‡Q wb‡qwQ‡jb `yRb e¨w³‡K| Zuv‡`i K_v wZwb cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb eû ¯’v‡b; wewfbœfv‡e| GKRb wU. Gm. GwjqU Ges AciRb wkíx hvwgbx ivq| `yRbB Lye cÖ‡qvRbxq wQ‡jb Kwe weòz †`-i Rb¨| weòz †`-i me iPbvi ga¨ †_‡K 1950-51 Ges 1960-61 Ñ GB mgqKvj‡K Zuvi m„RbkxjZvi D¾¡j mgq e‡j we‡ePbv Kiv nq| wZwb Zuvi wPšÍv‡K wewfbœfv‡e cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb; Avi gva¨g wn‡m‡e †e‡Q wb‡q‡Qb KweZv‡K, hvi gva¨‡g wZwb ¯^cœ Avi

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weòz †` m¤ú‡K© Av‡iv Rvbv hvq AvaywbK evsjv KweZvi MÖš’¸‡jv‡Z| `xwß wÎcvwV Zuvi AvaywbK evsjv Kve¨ cwiPq wk‡ivbv‡gi MÖš’wU‡Z weòz †` m¤ú‡K© e‡jb : Ôïay mvwnZ¨ bq Ñ wPÎ, msMxZ, b„Z¨, bvU¨, wk‡íi wewfbœ wefv‡Mi be be Av‡›`vjb †_‡K im AvniY K‡i weòz †`-i Kwegvbm mg„×| ev¯ÍeZvi mgš^q K‡iwQ‡jb GKB m~‡Î| ¯§„wZ mËv fwel¨Z, Zzwg ïay cuwP‡k ˆekvL cÖf…wZ Kv‡e¨i cÖKvkKvj 1958| G-eQi ïay G-Kve¨¸‡jvB cÖKvk cvqwb; evsjv cÖeÜ, iex›`ªbv_ m¤ú‡K© †jLv, Abyev` Ges Bs‡iwR cÖeÜ BZ¨vw` †jLv cÖKvk cvq| iex›`ªbv‡_i Kve¨ m¤ú‡K© weòz †`-i fvebv wQj Zxeª, Mfxi; ZvB Zuvi Kve¨ m¤ú‡K© Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb GiKg GKwU gšÍe¨, Ôiex›`ªbv‡_i Kv‡e¨ Dr‡cÖ¶vi e¨Äbvi †P‡q Dcgvi e¨vL¨v‡b cÖeYZvÕ| hw`I cieZx© mg‡q Gi MfxiZv †ewkw`b weivR K‡iwb| Gwjq‡Ui m‡½ weòz †`-i m¤ú‡K©i K_v Avgv‡`i ARvbv bq| wZwb evievi wd‡i †M‡Qb Gwjq‡Ui Kv‡Q, †`wL‡q‡Qb KweZv I Zuvi fvebvi ewnwe©‡k¦i w`KwU| ïay Gwjq‡Ui g‡a¨B mxgve× bv †_‡K Gjyqvi Ges AvivMi KweZvi g‡a¨ wePiY K‡i‡Qb wb‡Ri g‡Zv K‡i| weòz †`-i KweZvi Avi GKwU w`K Avgiv ¯úó †`L‡Z cvB, Avi Zv n‡jv, cÖ_g w`‡Ki d«‡q‡Wi Qvqv hZ †ewk, wVK ¶wYK c‡i †`L‡Z cvB gvK©‡mi cÖfve Zvi †P‡q †Kv‡bv As‡k Kg bq| weòz †` m¤ú‡K© Av‡iv Rvbv hvq AvaywbK evsjv KweZvi MÖš’¸‡jv‡Z| `xwß wÎcvwV Zuvi AvaywbK evsjv Kve¨ cwiPq wk‡ivbv‡gi MÖš’wU‡Z weòz †` m¤ú‡K© e‡jb : Ôïay mvwnZ¨ bq Ñ wPÎ, msMxZ, b„Z¨, bvU¨, wk‡íi wewfbœ wefv‡Mi be be Av‡›`vjb †_‡K im AvniY K‡i weòz †`-i Kwegvbm mg„×| †mRvb †_‡K wcKv‡mv, g‡b †_‡K gvwZm, hvwgbx ivq †_‡K †Mvcvj †Nvl, evjv mi¯^Zx I iæw·wb A¨viæ‡Ûj, AvB‡Rb÷vBb I ¯Ívwbmøvfw¯‹ Ñ mK‡ji m¤^‡ÜB weòz †`-i ˆPZb¨ RvMi| weÁv‡b, we‡kl K‡i AvaywbK g‡bvweÁvb Ges b„Z‡Ë¡, weòz †`-i `Lj we¯§qKi| myax›`ªbv‡_i KweZvi g‡Zv Zuvi KweZv ïay we`»B bq, Zv wewPÎ, Gwjq‡Ui fvlvq ejv P‡j Ñ Variety and complexity, playing upon a refined sensibility. Kv‡e¨ Rxe‡bi RwUjZv I ˆewP‡Î¨i ¯^v` G‡m‡Q e‡j Zuvi cÖ_g w`‡Ki Kv‡e¨ wKQy Abvek¨K cvwÐZ¨ cÖ`k©‡bi cÖgvY †g‡j; wKš‘ AwaKvsk ¯’‡jB wZwb Kv‡e¨i Dcv`vb msMÖ‡n Ges †m-Dcv`v‡bi e¨env‡i I Kwe-†KŠk‡ji cÖ‡qv‡M w`kvnviv n‡q c‡obwb| Rxe‡bi AwfÁZv Ges mvwnZ¨ cvVjä Abyf‚wZi myôz mgš^q †h wZwb Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb, Kve¨mvabvi cÖ_g c‡e©B †h-Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb Ôemotional equivalent of thoughtÕ, Zvi cÖgvY Ô†PvivevwjÕ, ÔI‡dwjqvÕ, Ôc`aŸwbÕ, ÔRb¥ógxÕ BZ¨vw` KweZv| Z‡e HwZ‡n¨i UzwKUvwK w`‡q wZwb mf¨Zvi Rv`yNi mvRv‡Z Pvbwb| wewfbœ h‡š¿i we-mg my‡ii ga¨ w`‡q †hb m„wó Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb GKwU HKZvb| r


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sjv‡`k, evOvwj I evsjvfvlv, mvwnZ¨, ms¯‹w… Zi mg„w×mvab Ges RvMiY-BwZnv‡m mvwnwZ¨K-eyw×Rxex kwn` gybxi †PŠayixi KxwZ© mywew`Z| Zuvi m„Rbkxj I gbbagx© mvwnZ¨wbg©vY Ges RxebNwbô wkígvbm MV‡b mwµq wQj cvwievwiK, cÖvwZôvwbK, Av_©mvgvwRK, ivwóªK I ˆewk¦K ¯Íieûj NUbvcÖevn| mgKvj, BwZnvm, HwZn¨, cyivY I wg_vkÖqx Rxebfvebv Zuv‡K K‡i‡Q Amv¤úª`vwqK, D`vi gvbweK I e¯‘ev`x wkímªóv| Zxÿè gb‡bi m‡½ m¤ú„³ wQj m~² im‡eva, hv Zuvi mvwnZ¨Kg©‡K K‡i‡Q cÖvYešÍ Ges wfbœgvwÎK| wZwb G‡`‡ki AvaywbK bvU¨Kvi, mdj Abyev`K, weÁ M‡elK-cÖvewÜK Ges wbcyY MíKvi| Z‡e †k‡lv³ cwiPq‡K LvwbKUv Avovj K‡i AwaK mgy¾j ¡ n‡q‡Q Zuvi bvU¨PP©v-m¤úwK©Z Kvh©µg| wZwb GKB m‡½ bvU¨Kvi, Awf‡bZv, bvU¨wb‡`©kK I bvU¨msMVK| we`» GB bvU¨R‡bi bvUK eZ©gvb cÖR‡b¥i Kv‡Q Kxfv‡e M„nxZ I PwP©Z n‡”Q, †mUvB AvR‡Ki we‡eP¨ Ges Av‡jvP¨ welq| Avgiv Av‡jvPbvi m~Pbv Kie Zuvi mvwbœ‡a¨ Kviv bvU¨PP©vq DØy× n‡q‡Qb, ¯^vaxbZv-DËiKv‡j Zuvi bvUK Kxfv‡e MwVZ, AwfbxZ I g~j¨vwqZ n‡”Q BZ¨vw` cÖm½ w`‡q| gybxi †PŠayixi bvU¨PP©vi Kvj 1942 †_‡K 1971 wLªóvã ch©šÍ we¯Í…Z| DwjøwLZ Kvjcwim‡i Avgv‡`i bvUK wQj bvbv evavq euvav| RvZxq Rxe‡bi cðvrc`Zv, mgv‡Ri iÿYkxjZv, Aby`vi g‡bvfve Ges bvU¨kvjv m„wói cÖqvmnxbZv‡K AMÖvn¨ K‡i huviv bvU¨-DËi‡Yi †ÿ‡Î mwµq wQ‡jb gybxi †PŠayix Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ cy‡ivav cyiæl| ZLb mviv‡`‡kB D‡jøL‡hvM¨msL¨K bvU¨‡Mvôx

bvU¨gÂvq‡b g‡bv‡hvMx n‡jI XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq‡Kw›`ªK bvU¨PP©vB bvU¨-DËi‡Y mnvqK f‚wgKv †i‡L‡Q| 1956 wLªóv‡ã G-wek¦we`¨vj‡qi GK`j bv‡U¨vrmvnx QvÎ cÖwZôv K‡ib MÖæc w_‡qUvi †gRvwR †Mvôx ÔWªvgv mv‡K©jÕ| IB wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wkÿK-bvU¨Kgx© byiæj †gv‡gb I AvmKvi Be‡b kvB‡Li Ae`vb ¯^xKvi K‡iI gybxi †PŠayix‡KB D”Pvm‡b emv‡Z nq| Zuvi †gavex †bZ…‡Z¡ I c„ô‡cvlKZvq †e‡o IVv gy» bvU¨vbyivMx Qv‡Îi msL¨vB wQj †ewk| ggZvRD`&`xb Avn‡g`, Ave`yjøvn Avj gvgyb, iv‡g›`y gRyg`vi, †mwjg Avj `xb cÖgyL bvU¨e¨w³Z¡ Zvi cÖgvY| gybxi †PŠayixi ¯§„wZPviY Ki‡Z wM‡q ggZvRD`&`xb Avn‡g` e‡j‡Qb, Ôevsjv bvUK cv‡Vi Avb›` †eva Avgvi RvMZB bv, hw` bv wZwb evsjv bvU‡Ki ÿz`ª, mvgvb¨ I AwKwÂrKi bvU¨ NUbv¸‡jv Avgvi `„wói g‡a¨ G‡b w`‡Zb| wZwbB Avgv‡`i ¯^‡`wk I we‡`wk bvU¨ welq m¤ú‡K© m‡PZb K‡i‡Qb|... Avwg bvUK evbv‡Z e‡m evievi gybxi †PŠayixi Kv‡Q Dcw¯’Z nB|Õ [ü`q Qyu‡q Av‡Q] Ave`yjøvn Avj gvgy‡bi fvlvq, ÔwZwb †h-†Kv‡bv bZzb‡K, †h-†Kv‡bv bexb‡K Awfb›`b Rvbvevi, AbycÖvwYZ Kievi Ges Avcb ü`‡q †mB AvaywbKZv jvjb K‡i Av‡iv ZxÿèZv`v‡bi Avðh© D`viZv I ÿgZvi AwaKvix wQ‡jb|Õ [w_‡qUvi, gybxi †PŠayix ¯§viK msL¨v] iv‡g›`y gRyg`v‡ii ¯^xKv‡ivw³, ÔAvgiv jvf K‡iwQ Zuvi KvQ †_‡K Avgv‡`i Awfbq Rxe‡bi mwZ¨Kv‡ii wkÿv|Õ [IB] Avi †mwjg Avj `x‡bi g~j¨vqb, ÔQvÎRxe‡b kÖ‡×q gybxi †PŠayix bvU¨iPbvq wkÿv_x©‡`i DØy× Ki‡Zb Ges Avwg ¯^qs Gi mvÿx|Õ [gybxi †PŠayixi mvwnZ¨Kg©] A_©vr gybxi †PŠayix

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KiZ, †m GL‡bv †ivR Kuv‡`| hZ ewj, Zzwg Av‡Qv, ZZ Kvbœv ev‡o| GL‡bv Ny‡gi ewo LvB‡q Nyg cvov‡Z n‡”Q| Avi Avwg †Zvgv‡K wPwV wjLwQ| bv-Rvbv wVKvbvq| MZ 7 gvP© we‡K‡j wek¦bv_ †` mvivÿY Avgv‡`i wZbR‡bi AvÇvi ¯§„wZ AvD‡o †Mj| I †Zv fxlY Kg K_v e‡j, †mw`b K_v ejwQj| ÔAvb›`mfvÕ wVK K‡iwQj, †Zvgvi msMxZ-Rvwb© wb‡q GKUv Abyôvb Ki‡e| Gi Av‡M Kwei myg‡bi †Lqvj, cve©Zxi GKK Abyôv‡bi ci wVK n‡jv †`vnv‡ii Mvb bq, KvwjKvcÖmv‡`i msMxZRxe‡bi c_ †LuvRvUv GKUv Abyôv‡bi w_g †nvK| m‡½ m‡½ LvwiR K‡i w`‡j| e‡jwQ‡j, Ômygb`vcve©Zxi c‡i Avwg! G nq bvwK! bv-bv, Gme L¨vcvwg Qvo–b|Õ A‡bK mgq †j‡MwQj †Zvgvq ivwR Kiv‡Z| Avi ivwR n‡qwQ‡j GKwUB k‡Z©, †Kv‡bv †igybv‡ikb †hb Advi Kiv bv nq| Zzwg Rvb‡Z G Avgv‡`i A™¢zZ GK cvMjv‡gv| Avgiv †KD Mv‡bi gvbyl bB, Mvb eywSI bv, Zey Mvb wb‡q L¨vcv‡gv Kwi| †Kv‡bvfv‡eB jvfRbK nq bv †Kv‡bv Abyôvb, Zey Kwi| Kwei mygb †Kv‡bvw`b UvKv †bbwb Avb›`mfv †_‡K, cve©ZxI Z‰_eP| Zzwg Gme Rvb‡Z| ZvB cÖ_g w`b kZ© Av‡ivc| Gici Avwg, Zzwg Avi wek¦bv_| †Kv‡bvw`b †MŠZg †Nvl ev †`e‡R¨vwZ Rvbv _vKZ| emZvg Abyôv‡bi GKUv wk‡ivbvg Avi Kxfv‡e mvRv‡bv n‡e †cÖvMÖvgUv Zvi cwiKíbv Ki‡Z| emZvg Mwoqvnv‡Ui `wÿY fviZxq GK †nv‡U‡ji evB‡ii eviv›`vq| eviv›`vi †g‡S‡Z| N‡ii g‡a¨ A‡bKÿY †Pqvi AvU‡K emv hv‡e bv, NÈv`y‡q‡Ki AvÇvi AbygwZ †bB e‡j evB‡iUv Avgv‡`i| cÖvq w`bwZ‡bK e‡mI †Kv‡bv c_ wgjj bv| PZz_© w`b ZzwgB cÖ¯Íve w`‡j, AvR GKUz fv‡jv †Kv_vI ewm, †nvK bv †jvKmsMxZ wb‡q AvÇv| fv‡jv †Kv‡bv K¨v‡d‡Z eme AvR| Mwoqvnv‡Ui ÔBÛ_vwjÕ‡Z Xz‡K cojvg wZbRb| I‡qUvi Avm‡ZB Zzwg cÖvq mvRv‡bv msjv‡ci g‡Zv nvwm nvwm gy‡L e‡j †M‡j Ñ Ôïbyb, KZÿY emv hv‡e Avcbv‡`i GLv‡b? Avgiv ïay Pv †be| NÈv`y‡qK eme|Õ I‡qUvi cÖvq _ZgZ †L‡q ejj, Ôemyb bvÕ| †Zvgvi Av‡iv ¯úó fvlY, ÔAvgiv `yevi Pv †be| `yNÈv eme| GLb wZb‡U Pv Avbyb|Õ cÖkœI †Zvgvi, DËiI ZzwgB w`‡j| Avgiv `yNÈvi †ewk e‡m PZz_© w`‡bI Abyôv‡bi wk‡ivbvg I Abyôvbweb¨vm mvRv‡Z cvwiwb| cÂg w`‡bi ci wm×všÍ wbjvg Avi eme bv Avgiv| KvwjKvi Abyôvb, †m hv Lywk KiæK| Avgiv †Zv g‡Â _vKe bv| Avgiv †mw`b GKwUB wm×všÍ wb‡qwQjvg, GKK KvwjKvi K_v n‡jI †`vnv‡ii mK‡j _vK‡e g‡Â| KvwjKv Zvi K_vi gv‡S GK-GKRb‡K †W‡K †b‡e| ïiæ‡Z g‡Â GKv KvwjKvcÖmv`| Abyôvb ïiæ n‡e Mvb w`‡q, K_v w`‡q bq| Avi †Kv‡bv wm×všÍ wb‡Z cvwiwb Avgiv| †mw`b iv‡ZB †Zvgvi †U·U †cjvg †gvevB‡j, ÔAbyôv‡bi bvg †nvK cÖmv` K‡nÕ, Av‡iv GKUv civgk© w`‡j, †`vnv‡ii bvgUv wUwK‡U _vK| Zv‡Z Avcbvi wUwKU wewµi myweav n‡e| †k‡l Abyôv‡bi wk‡ivbvg n‡jv : ÔcÖmv` K‡n, ms‡M †`vnviÕ| ivRxe PµeZx© wUwK‡Ui wWRvBb K‡i w`‡jv| wbðqB g‡b Av‡Q †Zvgvi KvwjKv! Lye †ewkw`b Av‡Mi K_v bq| 29 b‡f¤^i, 2014| †mw`b ÔcÖmv` K‡nÕ Abyôv‡bi ci gvby‡li D”Q¡v‡mi K_v g‡b Av‡Q KvwjKv? †KD ejj, Ggb GKUv †jvKwk‡íi Avmi †h n‡Z cv‡i †m-m¤ú‡K© †Kv‡bv aviYvB wQj bv Zv‡`i| †KD ej‡jb, Rxe‡b fzje bv GB †cÖvMÖvgUvi K_v| Avm‡j †Zvgvi g‡a¨ Mvb

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Kx ej‡jb, D™¢U! Pvcv nvwm w`‡ZB g¨vWvg GK ag‡K _vwg‡q †`q| nvwmi †ikUv Zey †Vuv‡U wb‡q ewj, GUv fv‡jv e‡j‡Qb, D™¢U| eZ©gvb mgqUv‡K Avcwb Kvj Av‡jvPbvi ˆeV‡K wK †hb... wK †hb ej‡jb, I nu¨v g‡b c‡o‡Q, hyM-mwÜÿ‡Yi| wKš‘ †KvcviwbKv‡mi A¨vÛ `¨ †ifjy¨kb Ae `¨ †n‡fbwj wùqvm© co‡j g‡b nq, hyM-mwÜÿYUv †Kgb †eu‡K hvq D™¢U in‡m¨i w`‡K| Ab¨ wKQy ejvi _vK‡j ejyb| Abyôv‡bi cy‡iv mgqUzKz Avcbvi w`‡K ZvwK‡qwQjvg| cvifvi‡UW! wR? Avi KL‡bv Avgv‡K wW÷ve© Ki‡eb bv| SU K‡i †K‡U †`q| gvÎvÁvbnxbfv‡e Uj‡Z Uj‡Z Abyfe Kwi, †Pv‡Li mvg‡b ewa©Z n‡”Q Aw¯Í‡Z¡i bZzb gvÎv| AwZÿz`ª| .01 n‡jI mn‡R gy‡Q †djvi bq| gvSiv‡Z nvIqv RvM‡jv| wbR©b iv¯Ívq ZvKv‡ZB Mfxi Ab¨gb¯‹Zv †c‡q e‡m| hZ`~i †PvL hvq, ïay cÖvYnxb AmviZv| †mB m‡½ nvIqvi †kuv-†kuv kã| g‡b n‡jv, wec` Avmbœ| Zey fv‡jv jv‡M| gvby‡li `yM©wZ, bq‡Zv a‡m-hvIqv Rbc_ wN‡i Avi hvB †nvK, †eu‡P _vKvi AvZ¥wek¦vmUzKz †gvPo w`‡q I‡V| GK †Rvov w¯’i †Pv‡L D‡V Av‡m Ujgj mgy`ª, bq‡Zv cvnv‡oi ¯ÍäZv| †Kv‡bv gvby‡li gyL D‡V Av‡m bv, nvIqvi m‡½ †Ku‡c †Ku‡c wbwg‡l wg‡k hvq gvby‡li Qvqv Ñ d¨vjd¨vj K‡i ZvwK‡q fvwe, Avi nq‡Zv wKQyB †`Lvi †bB| gnvwec`‡K wb‡Kk K‡i gvby‡liv eywS AuvK‡o a‡i‡Q †ivgvw›UK cÖK…wZ, wbk¦vm †dj‡Q Nb Nb, Avov‡j n‡jI mk‡ã| Avi ZvB nvIqvi Nyicv‡K M‡j-cov AÜKv‡i, Aweivg ZvwK‡q ZvwK‡q g‡b n‡”Q, Avwg nq‡Zvev G‡Zvw`‡b Avgvi eqmUv‡K †Ui cvw”Q| eq‡mi AwfÁZvq KZ †h duvK, KZ †h †cÖgnxb Kvbœv, †`n-gb gw_Z K‡i `y‡Vuv‡U wcQ‡j wcQ‡j hvq RvZxq Kwei †jLv Ñ wbiR‡b cÖfz wKsev Avbg‡b cÖfz... wek¦j‡q... cÖfz... Avnv! GgbB Pig Av‡ÿc †h, KZw`b eywS Avgvi dzj`vwbwU †gvQv nqwb| AhZœ-Ae‡njvq bq‡Zv AšÍM©Z `xbnxbZvq| wb‡Ri eqmUv wb‡R‡KB Avg~j Pg‡K w`‡q mcv‡U Rwo‡q Kv‡b Kv‡b e‡j, Ôeqm wKsev wec` †Kv‡bvUvB ev‡o bv|Õ kixi wb‡q eq‡mi †h †Ljv, Zvi nvZ-cv _vK‡jI wec‡`i †Kv‡bv nvZ-cv †bB, Z‡e †PvL Av‡Q| ey‡Ki †fZi hy‡×i Aweivg

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kã †Zvjv KUg‡U †PvL| †mB †Pv‡Li w`‡K ZvwK‡q AvR mܨvq GKRb‡K e‡jwQ, DcK‚‡j bvwK mvZ b¤^i wec`ms‡KZ! I †n‡m e‡j, mgm¨v Kx, Avgiv †Zv AbyK‚‡j Ñ GUv †kvbvi ci I‡K g‡b nw”Qj †Nvicu¨vPnxb mij evjK| cybtcyb wPšÍv wKsev mgv‡jvPbvi ÷vBjevR †Kv‡bv fÐ bq| †mB †h wbR©b Mwjc‡_ †R¨vwZl ey‡ov GKw`b Ô†ivgvÝ ïfÕ e‡j `„k¨všÍi n‡jv, mvZ b¤^i wec`ms‡K‡Zi ci †mB ¯§„wZjMœ Mwjc‡_ GLb ac& K‡i †R‡M I‡V mvgyw`ªK †dwbj †XD| AvcvZ †Nv‡ii †fZi gv_v by‡q mgy`ª‡KB fve‡Z wM‡q †Pv‡L c‡o DcK‚j, AvZ¥m‡PZbnxb GK`j †R‡j giYduv‡`i AwfÁZvq, MÖxev DuwP‡q `uvwo‡q †ivgvÝ wKsev †ivgvw›UKZvi †fZiI w`Kwb‡`©kbvnxb| cv‡o †_‡KI Acvi, wbk¦v‡m wbk¦v‡m †Kgb wØiæw³nxb wbðzc, Avi wKQy Abyfe Kiv hvq wK? Rvbvjv w`‡q myPv‡jv nvIqv †Xv‡K| KLb †h dzuwo dzuwo e„wó ïiæ n‡q‡Q| g¨vWvg‡K g‡b coj| ga¨iv‡Zi e„wó-nvIqvq g¨vWv‡gi gyLUv‡K †Kb †hb g‡b n‡”Q mgmvgwqK wKsev fvebv¸‡jvi Abyl½| †Kv_vKvi †K Avwg bvgMÜnxb, AcwiP‡qi auvavq wKQyUv n‡jI Zv‡K e„Ëve× Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ wK, Kx Rvwb Ñ †Kgb Av‡Qb g¨vWvg? Avcwb G‡Zv iv‡Z Kj w`‡jb †Kb? Avcwb nuvcv‡”Qb? nu¨v nuvcvw”Q, †Zv Ñ Nywg‡q c‡owQ‡jb eywS Ñ G‡Zv K_v Avcbv‡K ej‡Z hv‡ev †Kb, Avcwb †K †i gkvB| Rvbvjv w`‡q evB‡i ZvKvjvg| wSwiwSwi e„wó¸‡jv nvIqvi m‡½ †Kgb `y‡j `y‡j co‡Q| †Kv‡bv GKRb wkíx k~b¨ K¨vbfv‡m Zzwji AuvPo emv‡”Q †hb| Rxe‡bi g~j¨‡eva KL‡bv hw` wk‡íi iƒcK n‡q hvq, cÖvZ¨wnK PjvP‡ji Q‡›` ZLb KZUzKz RvM‡e cwieZ©‡bi †Ljv| Kx mgvR, Kx ivóª| mewKQyi AšÍM©Z wbh©v‡m †Kej `yišÍ †auvqvkv Ñ Mvp wbk¦vm †d‡j g¨vWvg‡K ejjvg, mevB wK Avcbvi g‡Zv ejyb, gvby‡li fv‡jv-g›` wb‡q Avcwb GKUz †ewk Kbmvm wKbv, Rv‡bb †Zv DcK‚‡j AvR mvZ b¤^i Ñ g¨vWvg Pov ¯^‡i †ÿ‡c hvq, Avcwb _vg‡eb! Avi KL‡bv Ggb wW÷ve© Ki‡eb bv| Kx Ki‡ev Z‡e, wb‡Ri Ici K‡›Uªvwjs †mÝUv KvR K‡i bv †h| †K‡U †`q| e„wói †Ljv ïiæ n‡jv †ek, e„wói †fZi nvIqvi `ªæZ mÂvj‡bi wK A™¢zZ †duvm‡duvm kã! Gici KZ w`b, KZ mgq †h Movj| GB †h Pvicvk, iv¯ÍvNvU, me©Î †jvwjZ Awfe¨w³i AuvPo wb‡q †Kv_vq †h ïiæ nq m‡Z¨i Pvlevm, Av‡`Š m¤¢e wK? †Pv‡L †Kej we¯§q| wµ‡KU we‡k¦i Pvi-Q°vi m‡½ Aa©bMœ hyeZx‡`i Wv‡b-euv‡q †`n †`vjv‡bvi g‡Zv c„w_exUvI †hb `yj‡Q| GiKg †f`eyw×nxb Aw¯’i mg‡qi m‡½ cvjøv w`‡q wb‡R‡KI QyU‡Z nq wKsev †QvUv‡Z nq| nq‡Zv eû`~i, bq‡Zv `~‡ii ˆ`N©¨-cÖ‡¯’ ˆelg¨, †KvbUv †h wVK| g‡b c‡o, †Kv‡bv GK AwfRvZ cjøxi AZx‡Z GKw`b, Avgv‡`i Avevw` Rwg I w`wN¸‡jvi ey‡K wK A™¢zZ a¨vbgMœ inm¨ wQj| KZ Avb›` Rwgi AvBj a‡i †Lvjvg‡b, Db¥y³ nvIqvi †`vjvq †nu‡U †nu‡U KZ †h fvigy³ g‡b n‡Zv wb‡R‡K, cÖK…wZi ¯^cœcyiæl n‡q PwK‡Z wPšÍvi RM‡Z †R‡M DV‡Zv AvZ¥wek¦vm|

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w`wNi Icv‡k gv÷vievwoi †QvUeD D‡Vv‡bi Xvjy †e‡q hLb GK Kjm cvwb wb‡q nu¨vPKv Uv‡b wkï‡K †Kv‡j †bIqvi g‡Zv †Kvg‡i wb‡q †eu‡K †eu‡K †di Ic‡i DV‡Zv, †mB †NvgUvUvbv jvRyK gy‡Li nvwmwU wQj AK¯§vr cÎcjø‡e Pg‡K IVv †iv‡`i g‡Zv †Kv‡bv K…lK ¯^w¯Íi wewowU †U‡b MjMj †auvqv †Q‡o w`‡j hv nq Ñ­ †mB gv÷vievwoi Kvgjv †gvZv‡je wQj GKUz DReyK ¯^fv‡ei| K_v ej‡Zv †ZvZjv‡Z †ZvZjv‡Z, GKUz †_‡g †_‡g| KL‡bvev kû‡i Rxe‡bi Aweivg †Zvjcvo †_‡K GK-AvaUz MÖv‡g †M‡j cÖvqB evRv‡i †gvZv‡je‡K †`Lv †hZ| nvUKvjvi g‡Zv Nvo wbPz K‡i nuvU‡Q, wKsev wb‡Ri AMÖ-cðvr †egvjyg fz‡j Acvi hye‡Ki g‡Zv evKiæ× gy‡L weiw³ wb‡q †bkvevj‡Ki g‡Zv Uj‡Q| gy‡LvgywL n‡jB ejZvg, †gvZvj PvPv Ñ­ gyn~‡Z©B gyPwK †n‡m PUzj Xs‡q ej‡Zv, Au¨v ZvPv Ñ­ ZLbB g‡b c‡o gv÷vievwoi K_v| cÖMvp D`¨g bq‡Zv Pvcv kqZvwbi g‡Zv Bwb‡q-wewb‡q, wKQyUv `y‡e©va¨ N¨vbN¨vb Kivi ci wPKb ¯^‡i ejZvg, †Kgb Av‡Q-G-G-G GKevi hve wK g¨vWv‡gi evmvq? gb Zocvq, wKš‘ D‡Ïk¨nxb a„óZvq mvgwqK exicyiæl mvR‡jI GK A‡_©, GiKg Ae©vPxb B”Qvi †Kv‡bv gv‡b †bB| ZvQvov bvbviKg cÖ‡UvKj, wRÁvmv, AZtci fvM¨ mycÖmbœ n‡j nq‡Zvev Db¥y³ `iRv| me‡P‡q eo K_v, g¨vWvg mwZ¨i ms‡KvPb bxwZUv †ev‡S, wKš‘ gv‡b bv| Zv‡ZB eywS Avgvi †KŠZ‚nj, Gfv‡eB Pj‡Z _vK Ñ­ GiB g‡a¨ GKw`b MÖv‡g †h‡Z n‡jv| †gvZv‡je PvPv‡K †`Ljvg bv| evRv‡i †gvUvgywU mie Av‡jvPbv| †jsUv kvn&i gvRv‡i hvIqvi ci †_‡K †m jvcvËv| welqwU Dcjwäi AvIZvq hZ bv cÖfve †d‡j, Zvi †P‡q †ewk ¯§„wZjMœ K‡i Ii AvPiYMZ mZZ Pjvi `„k¨¸‡jv| eo nIqvi ci †Kv‡bvw`b gv÷vievwo hvIqv nqwb| w`wNi cvk w`‡q axiMwZ‡Z I‡`i D‡Vv‡b `uvovjvg| †QvUeD cÖvq nuvUz ch©šÍ g¨vw· ¸wU‡q ¸uov gvQ KvU‡Q| `ªæZ Iobv †U‡b-Uz‡b †fZ‡i P‡j hvq| fi`ycyi| KvD‡K †Zgb †Pv‡L co‡Q bv| gvSeqmx GKRb gwnjv MÖvg¨ kvjxbZvq DrmyK gy‡L e‡j, †KWvq †Mv? GK Møvm cvwb Lv‡ev| gy‡Li w`‡K wKQyÿY ZvwK‡q LjLj K‡i e‡j, Zzwg eoevwoi †cvjv bv? Pzc K‡i _vwK, gwnjv †fZ‡i ZvwK‡q nuvK w`‡jv, eD cvwb Avb, ki‡gi wKQy bvB, cyivbv KzUzg| †QvUeD cvwb wb‡q G‡jv| †ek Romo| gyLUv euvwK‡q †i‡L‡Q, †hb mvg‡bi we¯Í…Z c‡_ †`L‡Z cv‡”Q c_kÖ‡gi K¬vwšÍ| GB †gvevBj-B›Uvi‡bU hy‡Mi wecix‡Z, Avcb mËvi j¾vRwoZ †LvjmUv hyM-hyMv‡šÍi ms‡KvPb ev cÖmviY bxwZi Kv‡Q †egvjyg evKiæ×, †Kej mij cÖeYZvq GKUz AvaywbKZvi †KŠZ‚njx g¨vw·UvB eywS me©¯^, Gici AvqZ‡jvPb †Pv‡L hv wKQy `„k¨gvb, meUvB `„k¨c‡Ui mij wKsev wbg©j Avb›`| MøvmUv nv‡Z wb‡q ewj, †Zvgvi g¨vw·Uv my›`i| kixiUv Av‡iKUz †eu‡K †Mj| m‡½i gwnjv ej‡jv, PvBU&Uv Lvqv hvBev| †gvZv‡je PvPvi Lei Kx? I, n, †jsUvi gvRv‡i Iim ABwQj, IBLv‡b wMqv Avi wdiZ Av‡n bvB| Gevi †QvUeD fv‡jv K‡i ZvKvj| AvoóZvq dvUj awi‡q m¤¢eZ †gvZv‡j‡ei Rb¨ Zvi gyLUvI GLb


Mfxi Qvqvcv‡Z Aaxi| †PvL‡Rvov Avgvi w`‡K w¯’i, m¤¢eZ BnRvMwZKZv fz‡j Avgv‡K ev¯Í‡e bq, †`L‡Z cv‡”Q ¯^‡cœ| Avgvi ZrÿYvr g‡b c‡o eywoM½vi K_v| nvq‡i b`x! `ycv‡ki BU-KvV-Kswµ‡Ui µgwe¯Ív‡i b`xi †mŠ›`h© GLb bvix Aw¯Í‡Z¡i euvK, ARmª K_vi Ae¨³ `nb wb‡q cÖmwebx bvixi g‡Zv aviY Ki‡Q Av‡iKUv AMfxi cÖwZeÜx wkïb`| k~b¨Zvi Ave‡Z© hv‡K †evSv hvq, wKš‘ aiv hvq bv| ewj, †gvZv‡je PvPv G‡j Avgvi K_v e‡jv| I gv_v †b‡o mvq w`‡jv| †Zvgvi ¯^vgx D¾¡j wK GL‡bv gv‡jK gnvR‡bi K¨vWvi| K_v e‡j bv| GKSjK nvIqvq †mªv‡Zi wecix‡Z †XD †hgb †Ku‡c I‡V, Ii †VuvU‡Rvov †Zgwb GKUz bo‡jv †Kej| m‡½i gwnjv NoNo K‡i e‡j †h‡Z _v‡K D¾¡‡ji KzKxwZ©| K_v bv evwo‡q nuvUv w`B| I ÿxY¯^‡i e‡j, LvB‡eb bv? bv| Gici nvDwRs G‡÷U †Kv¤úvwb eywoM½vq †WªwRs jvwM‡q †MvUv MÖvg evjy‡Z †X‡K †djvi ci †mLv‡b †Zgb GKUv hvIqv nqwb| Z‡e ï‡bwQ, A‡bK eo eo A¨vcvU©‡g›U D‡V‡Q, evjyi fvM-ev‡Uvqviv wb‡q A‡bK jvkI c‡o †_‡K‡Q| †gvZv‡j‡ei Kv‡Q GKwU g¨vw·i e¨vL¨v hw` nq cv‡qi †Mvovwj †`Lvi g‡Zv bvK wmUKv‡bv, Z‡e cwieZ©‡bi †Ljvq Gme DuPz-wbPz wewìs‡qi cv‡k c‡o _vKv jvk¸‡jvi e¨vL¨v Kx n‡Z cv‡i? GLb A‡bK †gvZv‡je‡KB †`Lv hvq| Abyf‚wZMZ cv_©K¨ _vK‡jI g~j we›`y‡Z Av‡Rv Awew”Qbœ| GKw`b g¨vWvg‡K Kj w`‡q ewj, Avwg Lye wec‡` AvwQ| Avwg Kx Kie? Avgvi wec` wb‡q hw` GKUv Mí wj‡L w`‡Zb| Avcwb wK AcÖK…wZ¯’? nu¨v|

wVK Av‡Q, my›`i GKUv Mí wj‡L Avcbv‡K Rvbv‡ev| ab¨ev`| GL‡bv ej‡Z wK, bvbviKg wec`ms‡KZ mg~‡j AuvK‡o cÖwZw`b Avwg-Avgiv wbk¦vm †djwQ, †XvK wMjwQ| Ab¨iKg †eu‡P _vKvi ¯^w¯Í, nq‡Zvev ¯^w¯Íi AbyK‚‡j †eu‡P _vKvi wfbœ imv¯^v`b| cv_©K¨ †Kej djvdj wb‡q KvD‡K †`vlx †R‡bI †`vlx Kiv hvq bv| bxi‡e GKUv cÖkœ‡evaK `vM †_‡KB hvq| ey‡K eyK wgwj‡q K‡e †Kvb f`ª‡jvK †h MjMj K‡i †Q‡o w`‡qwQj †gwK AvšÍwiKZv, †mB ÿwYK gyn~‡Z©i ci, mgqUv wKQy mg‡qi Avb‡›` dz‡j-†du‡c DV‡jI c‡` c‡` wg‡k _v‡K Abyf‚wZi welwµqv| `ye©„‡Ëi †Quvqvq wg‡k _vKv i‡³i ZvrÿwYK GKUv wnmve nq‡Zv wg‡j hvq| A_P i³‡iLvnxb Rxe‡bi †Rvov †Rvov nvZZvwji †fZi Rb¥ †bIqv D”PvwfjvlUzKz GgbB `y‡e©va¨ †h, gnvcÖjq NwU‡q w`‡jI wKQy ejv hvq bv| nq‡Zvev fzjekZ †`Lv n‡q hvq †Kv‡bv cyi‡bv eÜzi m‡½, mcv‡U nvwm w`‡q e‡j, †Kgb AvwQm? †mB GKB e¨vcvi, cyi‡bv wnmve-wbKvk, GKUz ïay AvaywbKZvq Muv_v, GB †Zv djvdj, †gvevB‡j ZvwK‡q †`wL bZzb †Kv‡bv wgmW Kj G‡jv wKbv Ñ­ GLb M¨v‡c M¨v‡c g¨vWv‡gi m‡½ †`Lv nq| KL‡bv ¯ú‡k©, KL‡bv ¯úk©nxb| cÖwZ-Zzjbv Ki‡j `y‡UvB AvšÍwiK| Mí-KweZv wd‡jvmwd-ivRbxwZ BZ¨vw` ax‡i ax‡i AvjMv n‡q hvq Zvi Pkgv-†PBb-kvwo wKsev Aw¯ÍZ¡ AvjMv nIqvi g‡Zv| Gici Av‡jv-AÜKv‡ii hyMj mwÜÿ‡Y Avgvi, bq‡Zv Zvi, bq‡Zv `yRbvi Kɯ^‡i b`xi g‡Zv euvK Av‡m, †XD Av‡m| kZfvM AvšÍwiKZvq c~e©vci A‡bK wKQy fz‡j wbg©vY Kwi wKQy bZzb Aÿi... cÖwZwU AvOy‡ji bxie i³ÿiY wb‡q †di ZvKv‡j, g¨vWvg eRªcv‡Zi g‡Zv Av‡µv‡k e‡j e‡m, †K ZzB! Avwg ZLb †PvL eÜ K‡i eywoM½v b`x‡K †`wL| r

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‡q... G..., jev‡ii weUv, wPZ nuq¨v ï‡q Av‡Q w`L, Auvav‡i †Zv kvjv KzKz‡i ïuKe¨v, DV... DV kvjv Ñ ej‡Z ej‡ZB fvby ˆKixi cvQvq `y‡Uv jv_ gvij jvjy gv‡Zv| †Nvi KvwU‡q D‡V em‡Z wM‡q †PvL †U‡b †U‡b fvby ˆKix †`L‡jv mvg‡b `uvwo‡q jvjy Lyov| Ñ Zz wePvi Ki Lyov, nvg‡K e‡j wKbv gvMbvq gvZvj‡K wWOvq cvi KieK jvB| gvZb guvwS fiv wWOvq BZ¸‡jv †jv‡Ki mvg‡b nvg‡K †Vwj †djvq w`‡jv| Zz wePvi Ki Lyov... wePvi Ki| ej‡Z ej‡Z nvDgvD K‡i †Ku‡` jvjy gv‡Zvi cv `yLvbv Rwo‡q ai‡jv fvby| `uvZ wLuwP‡q wKQy ej‡Z hvw”Qj jvjy, wKš‘ †`L‡jv GB jvD_ywci Nv‡U GLb kwbev‡ii nvUwdiwZ gvby‡li RUjv| G‡`i g‡a¨ †ekwKQy †jvK Avevi G‡`i `yR‡bi iMo †`L‡Q `uvZ †Kwj‡q| cyi›`icy‡ii nv‡U Bqvwmb †gvjøvi cøvw÷‡Ki WveŸi dUdUvwb ZL‡bv fvby ˆKixi Kv‡b evRwQj| †ejv ZLb `y‡Uv-AvovBUv n‡e| nv‡U Xz‡KB `wÿYZjvq eyoMv m‡i‡bi jvj wcuc‡oi wW‡gi m‡½ `yRvg evwU nuvwoqv †U‡b Us n‡q wM‡qwQj fvby| gv_vi Ici m~h©Uv hLb GKUz GKUz K‡i cwðg w`‡K †nj‡jv fvby ˆKix †PvL wP‡i wP‡i m~‡h©i g‡a¨ †`L‡jv Kqjvi Av¸b| Ôkv‡jv, R¡BjQ¨v †Zv R¡BjQ¨vB, MgMg, MgMg| wPiKzÐv‡Uv cyouvq w`e¨, nvivwgi weUv, ev‡bvqvwijv‡ji KBjRv‡Uv wQou¨v wje¨| wPiKzÐv nvgvi, kv‡jv U¨vKv w`qu¨v †eevM eivKi‡Uv wKb¨v wK‡b wje¨|Õ ej‡Z ej‡Z U‡jvg‡jv cv‡q fvby ˆKix wM‡q ac K‡i e‡m c‡owQj Bqvwmb †gvjøvi †V‡K| †Uu‡K †MuvRv wQj `y‡Uv `k UvKvi †bvU| cÖ_‡g GKUv| dUdU... dU, iæBZb, iæBZb, d°v! Avevi niZb, niZb... ayKayK... ayKayK... dZzi

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dv! ÔBevi `v‡i av‡iÕ e‡j Bm&Kve‡bi wewei Ici nvZ †P‡c a‡iwQj fvby| Bqvwmb †gvjøv Ryqvcvwji †Kvbv †U‡b wVK Ki‡Z Ki‡Z Ku¨vZ K‡i GK jvw_ K‡l w`‡qwQj fvby ˆKixi wc‡V| Ggwb‡Z †bkvi †Nv‡i UjwQj Ii mvivkixi| wb‡R‡K mvgjv‡Z bv †c‡i Bqvwm‡bi jvw_ †L‡q c‡o hvq gvwU‡Z| †ÿvfUv GL‡bv fzj‡Z cv‡iwb| KvUv Nv‡q by‡bi wQ‡U w`‡qwQj gvZb gvwS| nvU †_‡K eivKi b`xi Icv‡i I‡`i wPiKzÐv †Kvwjqvwi‡Z hv‡e e‡j †hB gvZ‡bi fiv wWOvq cv ivL‡Z †M‡Q Agwb GB wecwË| eQi-QvweŸ‡ki fvby †Rvqvb, MuvÆv‡MuvÆv †Pnviv| Kqjvi g‡ZvB KzPKz‡P Kv‡jv Mv‡qi is| wZb‡Kvbv gy‡Li †Pv‡Li wb‡P `yw`‡Ki DuPz nvo, †Pv‡Oi g‡Zv w_Zzwb, Ici cvwUi DuPz `uvZ Avi m`v me©`v †bkvq Wz‡e _vKv †Nvjv‡U †PvL| GgbZi nZKzrwmZ‡K †Kvwjqvwii ew¯Í A‡j †KDB Lye GKUv cQ›` K‡i bv| fvbyI †h RvqMvUv cQ›` K‡i †Zgb bq| cvjvb ˆKixi †gR †Q‡j I; wKš‘ n‡j wK n‡e Afv‡ei msmv‡i †eKvi `vgov †Q‡j‡K wb‡q w`bivZ †LuPv‡LuwP, ZvB †ek wKQyw`b n‡jv fvby †Kvwjqvwi ew¯Íi c~e©w`‡K duvKv RvqMvq †Kv‡bviK‡g GKUv Szcwo evwb‡q _v‡K| †cU P‡j ev‡bvqvwijv‡ji Zuv‡e`vwi K‡i, bq‡Zv Uvbv Kqjvi dUKvevwR‡Z| Z‡e jvjy gv‡Zv‡K Lye LvwZi K‡i


AjsKiY : ZiæY †Nvl fvby| jvjy gv‡Zv wPiKzÐv †Kvwjqvwii kÖwgK| GB ew¯Í A‡ji gvZeŸi‡Mv‡Qi †jvK| gvZeŸwii Rb¨ †h fvby I‡K LvwZi K‡i Zv bq, LvwZ‡ii †cQ‡b Av‡Q av›`v| jvjyi †QvU †g‡q P¤úvi KvQvKvwQ †cuŠQv‡bvi †ZvqvR| jvjy KZevi ag‡K Pg‡K e‡j‡Q, ÔBLv‡b bv cylvq, nvivwg kvjv Avmvbmy‡j †hu‡q Kzb `yKv‡b-dzKv‡b j¨v‡M hv|Õ †KD n‡j wLw¯Í †g‡i evcvšÍ KiZ fvby; wKš‘ jvjy Lyovi mvg‡b †Kjv‡b g`b †m‡R nvZ `yLvbv `y-_vB w`‡q †P‡c a‡i e‡j, ÔBevi wVK w`e¨v †Mv Lyov, ev‡bvqvwijvj eyBj¨vQ¨v KvjZK Uvbv gv‡Ki Pvi Avbv cvUbvi|Õ Auvavi wgPwgP K‡i Mvp n‡”Q †Pv‡Li mvg‡b| gvS Avlv‡p eivKi b`xi fiv †hŠeb QjvrQj b`xi ey‡K j¤^v euv‡ki jwM w`‡q wWOvi Uvj mvgjv‡”Q gvZb gvwS| †ek K‡qKRb D‡V c‡o‡Q wWOvi Ici| Wvb nv‡Z fvbyi euv evû a‡i mvg‡b `uvwo‡q Av‡Q jvjy gv‡Zv| Gevi fvbyi †cQ‡b nuvUz w`‡q ¸u‡Zv †g‡i ejj, ÔIV nvivwgÕ| fvby XzjyXzjy, U‡jvg‡jv cv‡q †MuvËv †L‡q †Kv‡bviK‡g wWOvi †fZ‡i cv ivLj, †cQ‡b jvjy Lyov| KUgU K‡i ZvwK‡q †_‡K Kx fvlv DMiv‡jv gvZb gvwS AÜKv‡ii Qvqvq Zv †evSv †Mj bv| fvby ˆKix †bkvi †Nv‡iI eyS‡Z cvij eivKi b`xi eyK wP‡i wZiwZi K‡i GwM‡q hv‡”Q wWOv| wWOvfwZ© †jvKR‡bi

K_vevZ©v Qvwc‡q Ii Kv‡b evR‡Q gvZb gvwSi jwM w`‡q ¸u‡Zv gvivi gy‡Li AvIqvR : Ô†nuB... ûu...Õ| gvSb`x †cwi‡q Icv‡ii KvQvKvwQ G‡Mv‡Z wM‡q wWOvi MwZ gš’i n‡jv| †mªvZ SvcUv gvi‡Q wWOvi Mv‡q, Rj wQwU‡q gvbyl¸‡jvi †Pv‡L-gy‡L jvM‡Q| †Kvbvi w`‡K R‡ovm‡ov n‡q †Kv‡bviK‡g e‡m c‡owQj fvby, †hb AuvRjvfwZ© Rj †KD wQwU‡q w`‡jv Ii gy‡L, KzjKzj... KzjKzj..., fiv hyeZx P¤úv| Ñ Zz Zij nqu¨v weQuvq hv| Ñ K¨v‡b nvgvi †fZi Zz wP‡Zvwe? Ñ nvq †Mv, Zz‡K myivj evbve| Ñ nvg‡K †XD fvOvwe| Ñ Zznvi †Kvgi nuvov‡q wjP‡b Wze‡e¨v| Ñ †mZvK Av›`vi Av›`vi, fiv b`xi Pvc| Ñ b`x Zznvi MZi‡i P¤úv, nvg‡K fvmuvq¨v `¨v| Ñ Zz nvgvi jvMi nwe¨ †Zv AvZi †`, ïulvq w`e| Ñ Zznvi D`gv ey‡K gyL NBme, bvB‡ZjvK NBme, Zznvi cvPv cvBov jxj kvwo‡Z AvZi Qovqu¨v w`e Avi B‡Uv... B‡Uv... nvgvi P¤úv ivbx‡jv... wWOv cv‡o G‡m †V‡K‡Q| †jvKRb †b‡g †M‡Q| ûuk †bB fvby ˆKixi| †bkvi †Nv‡i Wz‡e †_‡K I g‡R wQj P¤úvq| NUgvb ev¯Íe‡K wWwO‡q I Xz‡K c‡owQj Kí ev¯Í‡e| Gevi Pz‡ji gywV a‡i Uvb gvi‡jv jvjy gv‡Zv| ÔZz nvgvi evc‡i Lyov, Zz nvgvi me...Õ ej‡Z ej‡Z wWOv †_‡K †b‡g Gcv‡ii gvwUi Ici Avevi †bwZ‡q co‡jv fvby| GK mßvn n‡Z Pj‡jv wPiKzÐv †Kvwjqvwi‡Z gvj IVvbvgv eÜ| Wv¤úvi Avi jwi¸‡jv jvBb w`‡q c‡o Av‡Q ew¯Íi cv‡k duvKv gv‡V| gvwjKiv ÷ªvBK K‡i‡Q gvjUvbvi †iU wb‡q| hZw`b dqmvjv bv nq Z‡Zvw`b †Kvwjqvwi KZ©„cÿ gvj Zzj‡Q bv| kÖwgK‡`i †c‡U jvw_| ew¯Íi †ewkifvM †jvKB w`bgRyi| w`b Av‡b w`b Lvq| Kv‡ivi Kv‡ivi hrmvgvb¨ mÂq hv wQj Uvbv mvZw`b e‡m LvIqv‡Z Zv‡ZI Uvb c‡o‡Q| gvSeqmx jvjy gv‡Zv †Kvwjqvwi KZ…©c‡ÿi †cUzqv †jvK, ZvB ew¯Íi mevB I‡K GKUz †ewk LvwZi-hZœ K‡i| †Mj ïµevi †_‡K Avi-GKUv ïµevi †cwi‡q AvR kwbevi, GL‡bv †Kv‡bv myivnv n‡jv bv †`‡L ew¯Íi †ek wKQy gvbyl AvR mKvj †_‡KB jvjy gv‡Zvi `vIqvq R‡ov n‡q‡Q| LvwUqvi Ici e‡m A¨vjywgwbqv‡gi Rvg-evwU‡Z ïK‡bv gywo wb‡q I‡`i‡K †evSv‡”Q jvjy| Ñ Av‡i Zzgiv eySbv K¨v‡b, B Bm‡UivBKUv †Zv D ev‡bvqvwijv‡jiB WvKv, D

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†Zv wjWvi| Dnvi wj‡Ri wZb‡Vv jwi †Kvwjqvwi‡Z Lv‡U| gvj‡Lvi c`g gÐj kvjv nvo nvfv‡Z| w`b‡fvi †Kvwjqvwi‡Z MuvBwZ Pvwj‡q hv cvq Zvi A‡a©KB m‡Ü‡ejvq fvKz‡Z‡ji †V‡K hvq| fvKz‡Zj gv‡b w`wk †PvjvB g`, GLvbKvi †jv‡Kiv e‡j, N‡i Ii ey‡ov evc, eD, wZb wZb‡U ev”Pv, evwK cqmvq †ivRMviUv †ivR Kzjvq bv| ZvB Gw`K-Iw`K n‡jB iv‡Z eD‡K †Kjvq| ev”Pv¸‡jv nvDgvD K‡i, ey‡ov evc weQvbvq _yZwb ¸u‡R weoweo K‡i| †m wbZ¨w`‡bi e¨vcvi| wKš‘ GB Kw`‡b Kvg av›`v G‡Kev‡i bv _vKvq I‡`i cwiev‡ii AkvwšÍ G‡Kev‡i Pi‡g| LvwUqvi †LuvUv †Nu‡l gyL wbPz K‡i e‡mwQj c`‡gi eD, Zvi cv‡k c`g| Ñ Lyov †Mv, nvgvi weUv¸‡jv fzuLv †c‡U GK`g gwi hvq| nvg‡`i euvPv‡Mv Lyov| e‡jB Kuv`‡Z Kuv`‡Z jvjy gv‡Zvi cv `yLvbv Rwo‡q aij c`‡gi eD| Iw`‡Ki `vIqvq Nyi‡Z _vKv gyiwM¸‡jv‡K gywo Qwo‡q LvIqvw”Qj P¤úv| eQi Dwbk-Kzwoi hyeZx, Kv‡jv MuvÆv †Pnviv| GKUz †eu‡U n‡j Kx n‡e, gyLLvbv †ek my›`i, †Kvwjqvwi B¯‹z‡j K‡qK K¬vm †jLvcovI wk‡L‡Q| ew¯Í‡Z P¤úvi eyw×i Zvwid K‡i mevB| c`‡gi eD‡qi Ggbcviv K_v ï‡b Gw`‡K

Dbœq‡bi KvR Ki‡Q, ew¯Í‡Z B‡jKwUªK Av‡jv G‡m‡Q| wKQy wKQy evwo‡Z cvqLvbvi †cøU cvZv n‡q‡Q| kÖwgK‡`i †Q‡j‡g‡q‡`i cov‡kvbvi Rb¨ †Kvwjqvwi Awdm K¨v¤úv‡mi g‡a¨ ¯‹zj _vK‡jI GB ew¯Íi evwo¸wji †`qv‡j †`qv‡j †jLv n‡q‡Q, ÔP‡jv mevB-wg‡j ¯‹z‡j hvB, G‡mv wKQy K‡i †`LvB|Õ euv‡ki LyuwUi Ici cwjw_b Pvwc‡q me©wkÿv Awfhv‡bi `y‡Uv ¯‹zjI Pvjy n‡q‡Q| †mLv‡b Avevi `ycyi‡ejvq †cvKv-aiv Pv‡ji wLPzwo ivbœv K‡i LvIqvq| Gme †`Lfvj K‡i †Kvwjqvwi Uªv݇cvU© K›Uªv±i A¨v‡mvwm‡qk‡bi †bZv IB ev‡bvqvwijvj| ZvB ew¯Í‡Z cÖvqB †Xv‡K ev‡bvqvwijv‡ji mv`v A¨v¤^vmvWi| my‡hvM †c‡j †bvjv gvbyl¸‡jv Ii †cQ‡b NyiNyi K‡i| mKvj mKvj Mvwoi kã †c‡q K_v _vwg‡q mevB wd‡i ZvKv‡jv iv¯Ívi w`‡K| †cQ‡bi wmU †_‡K bvg‡Q ev‡bvqvwijvj, Avi WªvBfv‡ii cv‡k e‡m _vKv fvby ˆKix Lyj‡Q mvg‡bi `iRv| ev‡bvqvwi †mvRv G‡m jvjy gv‡Zvi LvwUqvi Ici em‡jv| mevB †Kgb R‡ovm‡ov n‡q mvgvb¨ m‡i †Mj| nvZwZ‡bK `~‡i `uvwo‡qwQj fvby| K_v †m-B ïiæ Ki‡jv, Ñ Zv ce‡jgUv evey e‡jb K¨v‡b| fvby‡K †`‡L Aewa P¤úvi Mv-Uv †Kgb wkiwki KiwQj, gy‡L _y_y DVwQj evievi, g‡b g‡b fvewQj _y †g‡i wQwU‡q †`q

gvwdqv ev‡bvqvwi Kvq`v K‡i †Kvwjqvwii KvR eÜ K‡i‡Q| Gevi fzLv gvbyl¸‡jv Ii duv‡` cv w`‡q †eAvBwb Lv`vb †_‡K †PvivB gvj Zzj‡e| †mB gvj bvggvÎ UvKvq wK‡b wb‡q cvPvi Ki‡e ev‡bvqvwii `j| Avi gvbyl¸‡jv †KD †KD cyi‡bv a‡m hvIqv Lv`v‡bi †fZi Kqjv Zzj‡Z wM‡q Pvcv c‡o gi‡e| GwM‡q G‡m P¤úv ej‡jv, Ñ B Su¨vUvUv wj‡q Zznvi gi‡`i wc‡V gvi K¨v‡b, Zvby Uvbvi cyuBm¨v bvB, jeve Rv`vi †ivR fvKz‡Zj Uvbv PvB| nv‡Z-aiv †eov Kjwgi jvwVi †LuvPv c`‡gi wc‡V †g‡i P¤úv ej‡Z jvMj, B nvivwg, eûu, weUv, eyov evc‡K fzuLv w`L¨v gbUv Kv‡›` bv Zzi! †ÿ‡c D‡V c`g ejj, Kvg‡Uv KzÌvq cve, †h cyBm¨v wju‡q G‡m B¸‡jv‡K wMjve| mvZw`b cvi nj¨ †Kvwjqvwi‡Z eÜ| Ab¨ mevB GKm‡½ e‡j DVj Ñ Ônq e‡U, D Kz_v cv‡e¨|Õ ew¯Í †_‡K LvwbKUv `~‡i B‡Ui iv¯ÍvUv wPiKzÐv †Kvwjqvwii Mv †Nu‡l P‡j †M‡Q Avmvb‡mv‡j hvIqvi eo iv¯Ívi w`‡K| †Kvwjqvwii †cQ‡b eivKi b`x, Zvi cvo eivei LwbkÖwgK‡`i GB ew¯Í| k‡`‡oK cwiev‡ii emevm GLv‡b| G‡`i evc-VvKzi`viv gvbfzg, ajfzg, w`‡ki Mo, SvoL‡Ði wewfbœ AÂj †_‡K G‡m Kqjv Lwb‡Z kÖwgK‡`i KvR Ki‡Z Ki‡Z †_‡K wM‡qwQj GLv‡b| eZ©gv‡b Giv ea©gvb †RjviB bvMwiK| †ikb KvW©, †fvUvi wj‡÷ bvg Ñ meB Av‡Q I‡`i| cÖwZwU cwieviB †ckvq LwbkÖwgK| Av‡M hLb G-A‡j e¨w³gvwjKvbvi Lv`vb wQj ZL‡bv †Wwj †jev‡ii KvR KiZ Iiv| c‡i hLb miKvi †Kvwjqvwi Lyjj †mLv‡bI †Wwj I‡q‡Rm †ewm‡m gv_vq †nj‡gU cij Iiv| Z‡e Nwo a‡i gvcv KvR, UvKvUvI wKQy †ewk Avi eQ‡i `y-GKevi evowZ wKQz cvIbv| B`vbxs †Kvwjqvwi KZ©„cÿ wKQy GbwRIi m‡½ nvZ wgwj‡q kÖwgKew¯Í‡Z

46

e`gvkUvi gy‡L| wKš‘ Zv bv K‡i Vvq `uvwo‡q iB‡jv| c`g gÐj GwM‡q G‡m ej‡jv, Ñ evey, Bm‡UivBK‡Uv jvB wgUe¨vK? Ñ nvwg Avi Kx Ki‡Z cvwi, Uªv݇cvU© A¨v‡mvwm‡qkb Av‡Q bv, gvb‡Q bvB| wK‡jvwgUvi wek UvKv †Kwis K÷ heZK bv w`‡e G miKvwi †jvK ZeZK me jwi, Wv¤úv‡ii Pv°v eba&| ev‡bvqvwii K_vq †hb evR coj c`‡gi gv_vq, `y-nv‡Z Kcvj Pvc‡o ej‡jv, ÔZe †Zv nvg‡`i Kvg av›`v we eba&|Õ mevB weoweo Ki‡jv, ÔKx n‡e¨K BLb|Õ Ñ gZ NveovI fvB‡quv nvwg Av‡Q bv| Kvg av›`vi KgwZ n‡e bv, Z‡e w`°Z KzQ AjM †nvMv| w`°ZUv Rv‡b mevB Zey G-Ii gyL PvIqvPvIwq KiwQj Iiv| Gi g‡a¨B K_v ej‡jv fvby, Ñ gvwjK †jvK eûw`b Qvo¨v †huBQ¨v Lv`vb ¸jvb| wm¸jvi Mf&‡f BLbI KzBjv Av‡Q| Zzgiv cywj‡ki W‡i w`‡b bv cvi †iB‡Z gvj ZzBj‡eK| gYcÖwZ cyBmvI cv‡e fv‡jv| Gevi †LuwK‡q DV‡jv jvjy gv‡Zv| Ñ Pzc hv kvjv gvZvj, †Pvi| GwM‡q Av‡m P¤úv| wKQy ej‡Z wM‡qI ej‡jv bv| P¤úv †ev‡S meUvB ev‡bvqvwijvj Avi Zvi `je‡ji KvimvwR| Kqjv gvwdqv ev‡bvqvwi Kvq`v K‡i †Kvwjqvwii KvR eÜ K‡i‡Q| Gevi fzLv gvbyl¸‡jv Ii duv‡` cv w`‡q †eAvBwb Lv`vb †_‡K †PvivB gvj Zzj‡e| †mB gvj bvggvÎ UvKvq wK‡b wb‡q cvPvi


Ki‡e ev‡bvqvwii `j| Avi gvbyl¸‡jv †KD †KD cyi‡bv a‡m hvIqv Lv`v‡bi †fZi Kqjv Zzj‡Z wM‡q Pvcv c‡o gi‡e| mevB‡K Pzc _vK‡Z †`‡L ev‡bvqvwi ej‡Z ïiæ Ki‡jv, Ñ Kx n‡jv, cm›` n‡jv bv K_vUv, †Zv wdi... ev‡bvqvwii gy‡Li K_v †kl n‡Z bv n‡ZB †KD †KD ejj, Ñ K_vUv g›` e‡j bvB fvby| Gevi †hb Drmvn †c‡q †Mj ev‡bvqvwi, mvšÍ¡bvi my‡i ej‡jv, Ñ _vbv‡K wj‡q fvebv Ki‡e bv| B‡q †hv nvgvi GbwRI Av‡Q bv, ev”Pv †jvM‡Kv B¯‹z‡j wgW †W wgj †`q, Kvj w_‡K Rv`v Lvbv evbv‡e| ni †dgwj‡Z ev‡”uPv wK mv_ mv_ eyÇv †Kv wf Lvbv w`‡e| wewWI mvnve wK mv_ nvgvi K_v n‡q‡Q| Rv`v PvDj †fR‡e, †KvqvwjwU wf fv‡jv w`‡e| gvmLv‡bK n‡Z Pj‡jv GL‡bv wPiKzÐv †Kvwjqvwii Pvj&‡K cv iv‡Lwb †Kv‡bv kÖwgK| miKvwi Zi‡d evievi †Póv K‡iI †Kv‡bv myivnv nqwb| gvSLv‡b GKevi miKvwi Mvwo G‡b R‡g _vKv Kqjv Pvjvb †`Iqvi e¨e¯’v n‡qwQj; wKš‘ ev` †m‡a‡Q K›Uªv±i A¨v‡mvwm‡qkb| Mvwo AvU‡K, iv¯Ív Ae‡iva K‡i evbPvj K‡i w`‡q‡Q cwiKíbv| wKš‘ kÖwgKew¯Í‡Z fzLv wgwQj †e‡ivqwb GL‡bv| Dj‡Uv m‡Ü‡ejvq Kv‡ivi Kv‡ivi evwoi `vIqvq fvKz †Z‡ji AvÇvi m‡½ XzjwK evwR‡q P‡j Szgyi Mv‡bi Avmi| w`‡bi †ejvq mvg‡bi gv‡V jvBb w`‡q ev‡bvqvwijvj‡`i Wv¤úvi Avi jwi¸‡jv `uvwo‡q _vK‡jI iv‡Zi †ejvq ew¯Íevwoi †g‡S Kuvwc‡q Lv`vb †_‡K †Zvjv †PvivB Kqjv cvPvi K‡i| ew¯Íi gi`¸‡jv‡K †fov g‡b nq P¤úvi| GgbwK Zvi evc jvjy gv‡Zv‡KI| ev‡bvqvwijvj‡`i †KŠkj eyS‡Z cv‡i bv Giv| ïay †c‡Ui Rb¨ kqZvbUvi Là‡i cv w`‡q iv‡Zi AÜKv‡i MuvBwZ wb‡q giY Kzqvi †f‡Zi †Xv‡K, KZ cvq GK GK iv‡Z, Avwk, GKk eo‡Rvi †`o‡kv UvKv| Avi Iw`‡K jwii ci jwi Kv‡jv †mvbv †U‡b wb‡q w`‡bi ci w`b ev‡bvqvwijv‡ji Mv‡qi is cvj‡U hvq `y‡a AvjZvq| KvD‡K K‡qKevi †evSv‡bvi †Póv K‡i‡Q P¤úv| wKš‘ Ii K_vq †Zgb GKUv Avgj †`qwb †KDB| Mvjg›` w`‡q †KD †KD ej‡Q, Ñ Zznvi MZi weKvqu¨v nvg‡`i LvIqvwe? `ycy‡i †L‡q-†`‡q Ii evc hLb Nygvq †Kvg‡i kvwoi AuvPj ¸u‡R P¤úv ZLb hvq Lvevi †`Iqv B¯‹z‡j| ew¯Íi ev”Pv¸‡jv fxlY `yóz| w`w`gwY¸‡jv kvjcvZvq wLPzwo †X‡j w`‡q wR‡ivq LvwbKUv| euv‡ki LyuwU‡Z †Vm †g‡i AuvPj w`‡q Mjvq nvIqv K‡i| ev‡bvqvwijvj Z`wei K‡i wewWI Awdm †_‡K A‡bK Pvj Avwbqv‡Q| B¯‹z‡ji cv‡kB GKUv `igvi †MvWvDb evwb‡q ZvjvPvwe †g‡i ivLv nq e¯Ív e¯Ív Pvj| wKQy ev”Pv-ey‡ov †L‡Z cvq e‡U wKš‘ P¤úvi g‡b †Kb Rvwb m‡›`n nq miKvwi Pvj iv‡Z Kqjvi m‡½ cvPvi nq m`‡i| LvIqv-`vIqvi ci wKQy ev”Pv cvjvq, wKQy ev”Pv‡K a‡i †eu‡a cov‡Z emvq w`w`gwY `y‡Uv| ev”Pv¸‡jv evbvb K‡i c‡o, ÔfviZ Avgv‡`i †`k| †`k Pvjvq RbMY|Õ I‡`i g‡a¨ GKwU †Q‡j e‡j I‡V, Ôw`w`gwY nvwg `¨vk Pvjve¨, nu¨v‡Wj‡Uv Kz_vq?Õ Pzc Ki Ñ e‡j †ivMv w`w`gwYUv agK gv‡i| P¤úv gyL wU‡c nv‡m| Lye GKUv ivZ nqwb ZLb, Z‡e m‡Ü †_‡KB B‡Ui iv¯Ívi Ici `uvwo‡q Av‡Q jwi¸‡jv, ew¯Í‡Z AvR †Kv‡bv evwo‡ZB cÖvq gi` †bB| wPiKzÐv †Kvwjqvwi †Q‡o A‡bKUv †cQ‡b ew¯Í| ew¯Íi Wvbw`‡K we¯ÍxY© A‡j †ek K‡qKUv g‡R hvIqv Lv`vb| †SvcSvo †K‡U GB mg¯Í Lv`v‡b w`‡bi Av‡jv _vK‡Z _vK‡ZB Pzwc Pzwc gvbyl¸‡jv Kqjv Zzj‡Z bv‡g| †Q‡o hvIqv

Lv`v‡b mn‡R cvIqv hvq bv Kqjv| A‡bK †fZ‡i †h‡Z nq| AÜKvi bvg‡Z bvg‡Z giY‡KI fq cvq bv gvbyl¸‡jv| wUg wUg K‡i `y-GKUv jvBU‡cv‡÷ Av‡jv R¡jwQj| Lvevi †`Iqv Bk&Kz‡ji †MvWvD‡bi cv‡k NvcwU †g‡i AÜKv‡i e‡mwQj P¤úv, I AvR‡K †`L‡eB mwZ¨Kv‡i †MvWvDb †_‡K Pvj cvPvi nq wKbv| †MvWvD‡bi cv‡kB B‡Ui iv¯Ív, iv¯Ívi euv cv‡k Lv`v‡bi gvV| A‡bKÿY e‡m _vK‡Z _vK‡Z GKUz Ab¨gb¯‹ n‡q c‡owQj P¤úv| nVvr mvg‡b GKUv Qvqv bo‡Z †`‡L Pg‡K DVj| gvby‡li Qvqv| `~‡ii jvBU‡cv‡÷i AveQv Av‡jvq wPb‡Z cvi‡jv P¤úv| gvbylUv c`g gÐj| cv wU‡c wU‡c c`g gÐj †MvWvD‡bi Kv‡Q wM‡q Zvjv Ly‡j †fZ‡i XzK‡jv| LvwbK ev‡` Av‡iv †ek K‡qKRb A‡Pbv †jvK jwii Icvk †_‡K G‡m †MvWvD‡b XzK‡jv| wgwbU `k-c‡b‡iv ev‡` †jvK¸‡jv †e‡iv‡jv, mevi wc‡V GKUv K‡i Pv‡ji e¯Ív| gvbyl¸‡jv wc‡V e¯Ív Pvwc‡q mvg‡bi w`‡K by‡q c‡o _c_c... _c_c K‡i †nu‡U hv‡”Q `uvwo‡q _vKv jwii w`‡K| D‡ËRbv Pvc‡Z bv †c‡i P¤úv †K‡k DV‡ZB mevi †cQ‡b _vKv c`g wc‡Vi e¯Ív gvwU‡Z †d‡j †cQb Ny‡i `uvov‡jv| †Kgb GKUv fq †c‡q †Mj P¤úv| D‡V c‡o Lv`v‡bi gv‡V AÜKv‡ii w`‡K †`Šo gvi‡jv| kÖveY gv‡mi AvKv‡k †g‡Ni Avov‡j †R¨vrmœv wQj AveQv| Kv`vi g‡a¨ †`Šov‡Z †`Šov‡Z nuvwc‡q D‡VwQj| `uvwo‡q c‡o wcQb wd‡i ZvKv‡ZB f‡q KzuK‡o †Mj Ii mvivkixi| c`‡gi m‡½ wZb-Pvi‡U †jvK Gw`‡KB Qy‡U Avm‡Q| AÜKvi ivZ! GB Ae¯’vq GKv †c‡q I‡K hw`... Avi fve‡Z cviwQj bv P¤úv| nVvr I Lye KvQ †_‡K ïb‡Z †cj ayc ayc| Lv`v‡bi †fZ‡i MuvBwZ Pvjv‡bvi kã, †KD wbðq GB Qvov Lv`v‡bi †fZ‡i Kqjv Zzj‡Q| kãUv Av›`vR K‡i KvQvKvwQ wM‡q cvM‡ji g‡Zv Lv`v‡b †XvKvi iv¯Ív LyuR‡jv P¤úv| AvKvk †_‡K †g‡Ni LÐ m‡i †h‡Z †h‡Z gyn~‡Z© cÖvšÍiUv‡K Av‡jvwKZ K‡i †Mj GKSuvK †R¨vrmœv| PwK‡Z P¤úv †`L‡Z †cj †Svc †K‡U cwi®‹vi Kiv Lv`v‡b †XvKvi gyL| Avi wKQy bv †f‡eB P¤úv †`Š‡o Xz‡K co‡jv Lv`v‡bi myo‡½| Lye GKUv †fZ‡i †Xv‡Kwb| I gy‡Li Kv‡QB kixi KzuK‡o e‡mwQj| I eyS‡Z cvi‡Q †jvK¸‡jv †`L‡Z cvqwb I‡K| Iiv †`Š‡o P‡j †Mj Ab¨w`‡K| wKQyÿY PzcPvc †_‡K fqUv KvwU‡q DV‡jI kixiUv KuvcwQj P¤úvi| D‡V c‡o †e‡iv‡Z wM‡q cv wcQ‡j c‡o †Mj| Mwo‡q Mwo‡q myo‡½i †fZ‡i †h‡Z †h‡Z P¤úv †`L‡Z †cj Ii c‡o hvIqv k‡ãi cÖwZaŸwbi m‡½ MgM‡g Avi-GKUv cyiæl gvby‡li Mjvi kã, Ô†K e‡U?Õ nv‡Z-cv‡q-gv_vq cÖPÐ †j‡M‡Q P¤úvi| hš¿Yvq gyL Lyj‡Z cvi‡Q bv, ey‡S DV‡Z cvi‡Q bv wKQy| nVvr U‡P©i Av‡jv G‡m co‡jv Ii gy‡Li Ici, †jvKUv AuvZ‡K D‡V ej‡jv, Ônvq e‡U, P¤úv Zz!Õ Gevi P¤úv eyS‡Z cvi‡jv †jvKUv fvby ˆKix| hš¿Yvq `uvov‡Z cvi‡Q bv P¤úv| ZvI I‡K †U‡b Zz‡j myo‡½i ÿ‡q hvIqv wmuwo‡Z mveav‡b cv †i‡L Ic‡i †ewi‡q Avmvi †Póv Ki‡Q fvby| nVvr gogo K‡i AvPgKv myo‡½i gy‡Li w`K †_‡K L‡m co‡jv g¯Í eo GKUv gvwUi PuvB, ciÿ‡YB Avi GKUv, nvq Kcvj G †h am! myo‡½i gyL eÜ| iv¯ÍvI Pvcv c‡o‡Q A‡bKUv| I‡`i w`‡K Mwo‡q Avm‡Q g¯Í eo GKUv †Xjv| P¤úvi nvZ †Q‡o fvby Zvi mg¯Í kw³ w`‡q wcV †c‡Z a‡i‡Q †XjvUv‡K AvUKv‡Z| mvÿvr g„Zz¨i myo‡½ †Vjv †L‡q †L‡q Ii Kv‡b evR‡Q P¤úvi AvZ©wPrKvi, Ôfvby `v`v †Mv, nvg‡K evZvm `vI, nvgvi `g dziuvq †huQ¨v, nvg‡K...|Õ r

47


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48

Kvwig GiB g‡a¨ †Lqvj K‡i‡Qb Zvi `„wói w`KUv‡Z †Kej GKUv DuPz eo KvP-XvKv †fw›U‡jUi Avi evwKUv mv`v †`qvj| ÔAv”Qv, Avwg Avcbvi gv_vi w`KUv DuPz K‡i w`w”Q, Avcwb Zvn‡j †`L‡Z cv‡eb|Õ †g‡qwU K_v ej‡Z ej‡Z wK‡m GKUv Pvc w`‡q †e‡Wi gv_vi w`KUv DuPz K‡i w`‡jv| Avng` Kvwig euv-nvZUv bvo‡Z wM‡q †Lqvj Ki‡jb †mLv‡b myB †dvUv‡bv, gv_vi Ic‡i m¨vjvB‡bi e¨vM| wZwb ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi Kx n‡q‡Q?Õ Ô†Zgb wKQy bv, †cÖkviUv GKUz †e‡owQj| `yw`‡bB nq‡Zv Qvov †c‡q hv‡eb|Õ Avng` Kvwig GZÿ‡Y †`L‡jb Zvi euvw`‡Ki weQvbvq Av‡iv GKRb †ivMx| wZwb Ab¨w`‡K ZvwK‡q †_‡KI m¤¢eZ Ae‡PZ‡b GB N‡i Av‡iv GKUv gvby‡li Aw¯ÍZ¡ †Ui †c‡qwQ‡jb| †jvKUvi kix‡ii m‡½ †ek K‡qKwU bj I Zv‡ii ms‡hvM| cv‡k wewfbœ AvK…wZi A‡bK¸‡jv hš¿cvwZ, †m¸‡jvi wewPÎ Av‡jv I wmMb¨vjI †Pv‡L co‡Q| GUv m¤¢eZ AvBwmBD Ñ nu¨v Zv-B n‡e| Zvn‡j ZviI †Zv ¸iæZi wKQy n‡qwQj| bvm© †g‡qwU wKQy jy‡Kv‡”Q Ñ gvgywj †cÖmvi e„w× nq‡Zv bq| †g‡qwU GL‡bv cv‡kB `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| Avng` Kvwi‡gi g‡b n‡jv Zvi MjvUv ïwK‡q Av‡Q| †g‡qwU‡K ej‡jb, ÔAvwg GKUz cvwb †L‡Z PvB, wL‡`I †c‡q‡Q †evanq|Õ


AjsKiY : Ave`ym kvKzi wgwbULv‡bK c‡i I cvwb wb‡q Kv‡Q G‡jv| Pv‡qi Pvg‡Pi GK PvgP cvwb gy‡L w`‡q †fRv Kvc‡oi mvnv‡h¨ †VuvU wfwR‡q w`‡Z w`‡Z ejj, Ôm¨vjvBb Pj‡Q †Zv| AvcvZZ †Kv‡bv Lvevi ev cvwb †`Iqv hv‡e bv| m¨vjvBb †hUzKz Av‡Q NÈvLv‡b‡Ki g‡a¨ †kl n‡q hv‡e|Õ cv‡ki †e‡Wi †ivMxwUi Ae¯’v nq‡Zv we‡kl fv‡jv bq; wKš‘ †m A‡PZbI bq| Avng` Kvwig †Lqvj Ki‡jb †ivMxwU A¯úó ¯^‡i bvm©‡K Kx †hb ej‡Z PvB‡Q; wKš‘ bvm© †mw`‡K 僇ÿc Ki‡Q bv| †g‡qwU †ewi‡q †M‡j Avng` Kvwig g‡b Kivi †Póv Ki‡jb wZwb †Kb Kxfv‡e GLv‡b G‡jb| g‡bi †fZ‡i wewfbœ KzVwz i‡Z bvbv iKg AbymÜvb Pjj| bvn&, wVK g‡b co‡Q bv †Zv| AšÍZ GUzKz †Zv g‡b co‡e Ñ me©‡kl †Kv_vq wQ‡jb wZwb? Kvwig †PvL eÜ Ki‡jb| nu¨v, Gevi †Pv‡Li mvg‡b `„k¨cUUv Ly‡j †Mj, hw`I Zv Lye ¯úó bq, †Kgb †Nvjv‡U| GKUv Kv‡jv i‡Oi GqviKwÛkÛ gvB‡µvevm `ªæZ Qy‡U P‡j‡Q| Kvwig e‡m Av‡Qb wØZxq mvwii euvw`‡Ki wm‡U| Mvwoi †fZi bRiæ‡ji ev jvj‡bi Kx GKUv Mvb evR‡Q| evB‡i meyR MvQcvjv Avi †QvU †QvU wUjv| nVvr `„k¨Uv wbðj n‡q †Mj| bv Avi †Zv wKQy g‡b co‡Q bv| wZwb †PvL †gj‡jb| Zv‡`i MvwoUv wK

A¨vw·‡W›U K‡iwQj? bv, Zvi kix‡ii †Kv_vI †Zv AvNv‡Zi AuvP cv‡”Qb bv| Avi evwKivB ev †Kv_vq? gv_vi †fZi A‡bK wnmveB Miwgj jvM‡Q| nVvr g‡b n‡jv Kv‡QB GKUv Qvqv, axicv‡q GKRb gvbyl Zvi Kv‡Q G‡m `uvovj| Kvwig `„wó Nywi‡q ZvKv‡jb| nu¨v, gyLUv †hb †Pbv †Pbv, wKš‘ bvgUv g‡b co‡Q bv †h| †jvKUv Av‡iv LvwbKUv Kv‡Q G‡m K_v e‡j, Ômøvgv‡jKzg m¨vi, GLb †Kgb †eva Ki‡Qb?Õ Ôfv‡jv| Avcwb †K †hb fvB?Õ Ôm¨vi, Avwg AvwkK gy¯vÍ dv| Avcwb wPb‡Z cvi‡Qb bv? Avgv‡`i msMV‡bi Avgš¿‡YB †Zv Avcwb K·evRvi †_‡K †divi c‡_ PÆMÖvg G‡jb| Avgiv Gqvi‡cvU© †_‡K wiwmf K‡i Avcbv‡K Abyôv‡bi g‡Â †Zvjvi ci Avcwb Amy¯’ n‡q hvb| Avwg GLvbKvi Wv³v‡ii m‡½ K_v e‡jwQ, GLb Avcwb A‡bK fv‡jv Av‡Qb|Õ ÔI nu¨v| †Zvgv‡`i wjUj g¨vMvwR‡bi 20 eQi c~wZ©; wKš‘ Avwg GLv‡b †Kb?Õ ÔIB †h ejjvg, Avcwb GKUz Amy¯’ n‡q c‡owQ‡jb| Avgiv wi¯‹ bv wb‡q Avcbv‡K †mvRv GB wK¬wb‡K wb‡q Avwm|Õ ÔAvgvi †Zv AvRB XvKv †div `iKvi|Õ AvwkK ejj, Ô†m-welqUv Wv³v‡ii m‡½ wW‡UBj K_v e‡j wWmvBW Kiv hv‡e| Avgiv `ytwLZ †h, Avgv‡`i GLv‡b G‡m Avcbvi G-Ae¯’v n‡jv|Õ Kvwi‡gi g‡b GKUv Reve G‡jv Ñ Amy¯Z ’ v Avi g„Z¨z †_‡K KL‡bv cvwj‡q euvPv hvq bv| GRb¨ †Zvgv‡`i `ytwLZ nIqvi wKQy †bB| wKš‘ K_v¸‡jv Zvi ej‡Z B”Qv n‡jv bv| G-K_v ev` w`‡q wZwb Ab¨ Kx K_v ej‡eb Zv fvewQ‡jb| ZLb bvm© G‡m mZK© Kij, Ôc¨v‡k‡›Ui m‡½ †ewk K_v ejvi AbygwZ †bB| GKUz c‡iB we‡klÁ Wv³vi Avm‡eb|Õ Avng` Kvwi‡gi Gevi g‡b c‡o Ñ `y-wZb mßvn †jLvUv G‡Kev‡iB Avm‡Z PvBwQj bv| `y‡Uv-wZb‡U Mí GK c„ôv K‡i †jLvi c‡i gv_vq wKQy KvR KiwQj bv| A_P GK mgq ïiæ KivUvB mvgvb¨ KwVb n‡Zv| Zvici GKivZ-`yiv‡Z GKUv K‡i Mí †kl Kiv Am¤¢e n‡Zv bv; wKš‘ GLb †Zv Kjg Pj‡Q bv| wb‡Ri †fZi GKUv mskqI Rv‡M Ñ wZwb wK dzwi‡q Avm‡Qb? Zvi Rxe‡bi GLb Avi GKUvB PvIqv evwK Ñ wZwb †kl w`b ch©šÍ wj‡L †h‡Z Pvb| †_‡g hvIqv Pj‡e bv, †h K‡iB †nvK Avevi ïiæ Ki‡Z n‡e| ZvB †P‡Äi Rb¨ cuvP w`‡bi Uz¨‡i K·evRvi G‡mwQ‡jb| ZLbB AvwkK Avi Zvi eÜziv †dvb w`‡qwQj, ÔKvwigfvB Avcwb hw` `qv K‡i Avgv‡`i GB Abyôv‡b A¨v‡UÛ K‡i hvb Ñ G-msMV‡b Avcbvi A‡bK f³ Av‡Q| †h‡nZz KvQvKvwQB Av‡Qb Ñ Avcbv‡K †Zv Avi mn‡R cve bv|Õ

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Avng` Kvwig XvKv †_‡K ev‡mB G‡mwQ‡jb K·evRvi| Z‡e cø¨vb wQj XvKvq wdi‡eb wegv‡b| wKš‘ PÆMÖv‡gi IB †Q‡j‡`i Avgš¿Y iÿv Ki‡Z wUwKU K¨vb‡mj K‡ib| msMVbB K·evRvi Uz PÆMÖv‡gi wUwKU A¨v‡iÄ K‡i| nu¨v, K·evRvi Gqvi‡cv‡U© †QvÆ GKUv †cø‡b IVv ch©šÍ g‡b co‡Q| LvwbK Av‡M †Zv GKUv Pjgvb Kv‡jv gvB‡µvev‡mi K_vI g‡b cowQj; wKš‘ `„k¨¸‡jvi avivevwnKZv wZwb wVK †gjv‡Z cvi‡Qb bv| Ava NÈv c‡i eq¯‹ GKRb Wv³vi G‡jb, †Pnviv †`‡L †ek Av¯’v Rb¥vj Kvwi‡gi| bv‡m©i KvQ †_‡K wb‡q Kvwi‡gi dvBjUv‡Z wZwb g‡bv‡hv‡Mi m‡½ `„wó ivLwQ‡jb| †mLv‡b Zvi †jLv †kl n‡j Kvwig Wv³vi‡K ej‡jb, ÔAvwg wK AvR P‡j †h‡Z cvie?Õ Ôbv, Av‡iv AšÍZ GKUv w`b Avcbv‡K _vK‡Z n‡e, ZvQvov Avcwb GLb j¤^v Rvwb© K‡i XvKvqI †Zv †h‡Z cvi‡eb bv| Z‡e nu¨v, Avkv Kwi Kvj mKvj bvMv` Avcbv‡K AvBwmBD †_‡K mvaviY †Kwe‡b wkdU Kiv n‡e|Õ ÔAvgvi XvKvq †divUv Lye Riæwi|Õ Ônu¨v, †m †Zv n‡eB Ñ Avcwb e¨¯Í I weL¨vZ †jLK Ñ AvwgI wKš‘ Avcbvi wKQy †jLv c‡owQjvg| AvRKvj Aek¨ Avi mgq n‡q I‡V bv|Õ Amy¯’ Ae¯’vqI GKRb Wv³vi-cvV‡Ki K_v ï‡b Kvwi‡gi fv‡jvB jv‡M| Wv³vi åƒ KzPu ‡K cv‡ki †ivMxwU‡K A‡bKÿY a‡i wbixÿY Ki‡jb| †ivMx Wv³vi‡K A¯úó AvIqv‡R Kx †hb ej‡Z PvB‡jb Zvi wKQyB †evSv †Mj bv| Wv³vi P‡j †M‡j LvwbK ev‡` wm÷vi‡K AveviI Kx †hb Abybq Ki‡jb; wKš‘ bvm© †g‡qwU AveviI h_vixwZ Gwo‡q †Mj| ZLb Avng` Kvwig wei³ †eva bv K‡i cvi‡jb bv| ej‡jb, Ôwm÷vi, GKUz Gw`‡K Avmyb †Zv!Õ †g‡qwU Kvwi‡gi gv_vi Kv‡Q GwM‡q G‡jv| ÔwR ejyb|Õ ÔAv”Qv Avwg KNÈv a‡i †Lqvj KiwQ, wZwb Kx †hb ej‡Z PvB‡Qb, Avcbviv †KD ïb‡Qb bv †Kb?Õ ÔwZwb GKUv †dvb Ki‡Z Pvb|Õ Ô†Zv w`‡”Qb bv †Kb?Õ ÔAvm‡j Ibvi †Zgb †KD †bB| Avi hv‡K †dvb Ki‡Z PvB‡Qb Zvi †dvb b¤^i Rv‡bb bv?Õ Ô†ivMxi †Kv‡bv cwiwPZRb ev AvZ¥x‡qi Kv‡Q b¤^iUv cvIqv hvq bv?Õ Ôbv, Kv‡iv Kv‡Q †bB, †Kv_vI †bB, †KD Rv‡b bv|Õ Ôgv‡b Kvi m‡½ K_v ej‡Z Pvb? Ibvi ¯¿x bvwK mšÍvb?Õ Ôejjvg, †miKg Avcb †KD Zvi †bB|Õ wZwb GKUv Iì †nv‡g _v‡Kb| ÔZ‡e †K †m, Kvi Kv‡Q †dvb Ki‡Z Pvb? Iì †nv‡g †hvMv‡hvM Ki‡j Ibvi †Kv‡bv AvZ¥x‡qi †dvb b¤^i Rvbv hv‡e bv?Õ ÔwZwb bvwK fMevb‡K †dvb Ki‡eb| Avm‡j Amy¯’ n‡q gv_vI wVK †bB, GUv Zvi Z…Zxq †÷ªvK|Õ gvivZ¥K †ivMkh¨vq Ck¦i‡K †dvb? fvwi A™¢Z y e¨vcvi †Zv! Kvwig fv‡eb| Avng` Kvwi‡gi g‡b nq wZwb hw` Rvb‡Z cvi‡Zb fMevb‡K gygl~ y© gvbylUv Kx ej‡Z Pvb Zvn‡j †ek n‡Zv| Kvwig hw` my¯’ _vK‡Zb Zvn‡j KvD‡K †dv‡bi Icv‡i Ck¦i mvwR‡q jvBbUv w`‡q ej‡Zb Ñ ÔGB wbb, Ck¦i jvB‡b Av‡Qb, Avcwb K_v ejybÕ, Zvn‡j †kvbv †hZ wZwb Kx K_v e‡jb| `y-GK gynZ ~ © ev‡` GKRb ¸iæZi Amy¯’ †jvK‡K wb‡q Ggb gRv Kivi K_v fvevq wb‡R‡K A‡bKUv nxb g‡b nq Kvwi‡gi| Z‡e Ggb hw` nq, Zviv `yRbB my¯;’ †Kv‡bv GK AvÇvq Zv‡K wR‡Ám Kiv †hZ Ñ ÔAvcwb †ivMkh¨vq Kx ej‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb fMevb‡K?Õ

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†jvKUv †K? Kx †ckv wQj Zvi? †Kgb †K‡U‡Q AZxZ Rxeb? †Kv‡bv mvay-mšÍ cÖKw… Zi gvbyl? bvwK †Kej eLv‡Ucbv K‡i KvwU‡q w`‡q‡Qb mgMÖ †hŠeb? Ñ ZvB †kl Rxe‡b Ggb AvZw¼Z| nq‡Zv †fZ‡i cÖej g„Z¨z fq Zv‡K Kz‡i Kz‡i Lv‡”Q| Kx Rvwb, A‡nZzK Abygvb Kiv wVK bq| Zey gvbylUv m¤ú‡K© Rvbvi GKUv Ab¨vq †KŠZ‚nj Kvwi‡gi †fZ‡i AvKzwj-weKzwj Ki‡Z _v‡K| LvwbK ev‡` bvm© G‡m Kvwi‡gi Ab¨ nv‡Z bZzb myB dzwU‡q Av‡iv bZzb GKUv m¨vjvBb Pvjy K‡i w`‡jv, ZLb we‡Kj cÖvq PviUv, Rvbvjvi evB‡ii AvKv‡k mv`v †gN¸‡jv PÂj n‡q D‡V‡Q| Kvwig ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi G¸‡jv KLb †Lvjv n‡e?Õ ÔAvMvgxKv‡ji Av‡M Avcwb gy‡L Lvevi †L‡Z cvi‡eb bv, ZvQvov m¨vjvB‡bi ga¨ w`‡q Avcbvi kix‡ii Av‡iv wKQy Bb‡RKkbI hv‡e| Bb‡RKkbUv †`Iqvi ci †Lvjv n‡Z cv‡i|Õ K_v¸‡jv ï‡b Kvwi‡gi Av‡iv Aw¯’i †eva n‡Z _v‡K| Av‡iv GKUv w`b GB ew›`kvjvq? Zvi †Zv Riæwi GKUv †dvb Kiv `iKvi| Kv‡K †hb †dvb Ki‡eb? ¯¿x‡K? GKgvÎ Kb¨v‡K? bvwK †Kv‡bv wcÖq f³‡K? Av”Qv, wZwb †h PÆMÖvg G‡m Amy¯’ n‡q c‡o‡Qb †m-Lei I‡`i Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Qwb? Iiv GKUv †dvbI †Zv Kij bv| Gÿzwb GKUv †dvb Kiv `iKvi| wKš‘ †gvevBj †mUUv nvZ‡o †Zv †Kv_vI cvIqv hv‡”Q bv| Avng` Kvwig wPrKvi K‡i I‡Vb Ñ Ôwm÷vi, wm÷vi Ñ Avgvi †gvevBjUv w`b, GKUv †dvb Ki‡Z n‡e, Lye Riæwi|Õ K‡qKevi K‡i wZwb WvK‡jI †KD †hb Zvi K_v †kv‡b bv| bvwK AvIqvRUv Lye AùzU n‡q †e‡ev‡”Q, Kvwig wVK ey‡S DV‡Z cv‡ib bv| Zvi MjvUv Lye ïwK‡q Avm‡Q| GKMøvm wngkxZj cvwb cvb Kiv `iKvi Zvi| wZwb Gevi Ôcvwb cvwbÕ e‡j wPrKvi K‡ib; wKš‘ Avkcv‡k †KD ïb‡Z cv‡”Q e‡j g‡b n‡jv bv| Kvwi‡gi hLb Nyg fvOj, ZLb †fv‡ii Av‡jv wVK‡i c‡o‡Q Kvgivi ïå †g‡S‡Z| NiUv Lye mybmvb| †h-†gwkb¸‡jv †_‡K m~² AvIqvR cvIqv hvw”Qj †m¸‡jv wK eÜ? Kvwi‡gi `„wó †Mj K‡ÿi Ab¨ †e‡W| IUv Lvwj| †jvKUv‡K wK wiwjR w`‡q w`‡jv Ñ Kvwi‡gi Av‡MB? Avng` Kvwig wm÷vi‡K WvK w`‡jb| wm÷vi †evanq Kv‡QB wQj| ÔwR m¨vi ejyb|Õ ÔAv”Qv Ñ cv‡ki †e‡Wi †jvKUv †Kv_vq Ñ Qvov †c‡q †M‡Q? KLb?Õ Ônu¨v, MZKvj ivZ wZb‡Uq|Õ Ô†Zv Avgv‡K Qvo‡Qb bv †Kb Avcbviv?Õ Ô†jvKUv †Zv Zvi fMev‡bi Kv‡Q wM‡q‡Qb|Õ Kvwig K_vUv ï‡b cÖ_‡g ïay ej‡jb, ÔI Av”QvÕ| LvwbK ev‡` A‡bKUv AùzU ¯^‡i ej‡jb, Ô†dv‡b cvIqv †Mj bv e‡j mkix‡iB P‡j †M‡jb?Õ ZLbB Avevi g‡b n‡jv, bv Ñ †jvKUvi kixiUv †Zv hvqwb, eo‡Rvi wM‡q‡Q †fZ‡ii cvwLUv| cvwLi K_v g‡b n‡ZB Kvwi‡gi ey‡Ki †fZi †hb GKUv cvwL Wvbv SvcUv‡Z _vKj| Avng` Kvwig Zvi Mí-Dcb¨v‡m eû Pwi‡Îi g„Z¨z NwU‡q‡Qb| Rxeb-g„Z¨z Zvi †jLvi LvZvq GK ai‡bi †Ljv| †Kv_vI wZwb g„Z¨z ‡K fqsKi I hš¿Yvgq K‡i Gu‡K‡Qb, Avevi †Kv_vI wQj wbQK †ivgvw›UK ev wgw÷K g‡bi cÖwZdjb| Kvwig wb‡R Av‡iv GKvwaKevi wK¬wb‡K †_‡K‡Qb, wKš‘ Gevi mewKQy Ab¨iKg †VK‡Q Ñ GZUv Aw¯’i Avi Amnvq Rxe‡b Avi KL‡bv jv‡Mwb| Avkcv‡k †Kv‡bv wbKURbI †bB| †h-†jvKUv gviv †Mj Zvi IB AvBwWqvUv Kvwi‡gi Lye fv‡jv †j‡M‡Q| hw`I fMev‡bi m‡½ K_v ej‡Z PvIqvUv bZzb wKQy bq, Zey GB cwi‡e‡k Ggb GKRb g„Z¨z c_hvÎxi †m-PvIqvUv G‡Kev‡i


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51


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52

nvm‡jb, †hb Awdm †Lvjvi ci †_‡KB AvR wZwb KvbvB‡K Avkv KiwQ‡jb| KvbvB Aby‡hv‡Mi my‡i ej‡jb, Kx GK‡N‡q me Ly‡bi Zvgvw` dvBj w`‡”Qb w`w`gwY| GKUv R‡¤úk †Km w`b bv| we‡K‡ji RjLvevi Aewa hv‡Z †KmUv P‡j| w`w`gwY ej‡jb, AvR GKUv R‡¤úk dvBjB Avcbvi Rb¨ †i‡LwQ, hv‡K e‡j Avbmjf&W wgw÷ª| KvbvB nZvk Mjvq ej‡jb, jvjevRv‡i AvbmjfW e‡j wKQy †Zv †bB, `y‡Uv cu¨v`vwb w`‡jB me mjf&W| GB m¨wi, wKQy g‡b Ki‡jb bv †Zv? w`w` cvËv bv w`‡q ej‡jb, GUv †Zv gvW©vi †Km bq, RvnvR nvwi‡q hvIqvi †Km| ZvI †Lv` e‡½vcmvMi †_‡K| weªwUkiv‡Ri bv‡Ki WMv w`‡q| Ñ e‡jb Kx! e‡½vcmvMi K‡e †_‡K evigyWv Uªvqv½j n‡q †Mj! w`b w`b, †`wL| †iwR÷ªvi w`w` iwÏ-SowZcowZ GKMv`v dvBj nvZe`j Ki‡Z Ki‡Z ej‡jb, fv‡jv mg‡q dvBj¸‡jv Avcbvi Kv‡Q †Mj; c‡ii gv‡mB cywjk wgDwRqv‡g cvVv‡Z n‡e| KvbvBPiY‡K GKMv`v gqjv, njy`, cÖvq Sz‡iv dvBj


AjsKiY : wbS©i ˆbtk㨠wb‡q †P¤^v‡i XzK‡Z †`‡L †mŠwfK ZvovZvwo D‡V KvbvB‡qi †Uwe‡j GK c¨v‡KU †bwfKvU †i‡L w`‡jv| GB mgq KvbvBPiY K_vevZ©v GK`g cQ›` K‡ib bv, ïay †bkvi wRwb‡mi †RvMvbUv wVKg‡Zv n‡jB n‡jv| Rywbqi B݇c±i‡K KvbvB memgq e‡jb, †Km dvBj¸wj memgq wVKg‡Zv cowe, I¸wji †fZiB me K¬z Av‡Q, hZ †fv`vB mve-B݇c±i †nvK bv †Kb, †Km Wv‡qwiUv wVKg‡Zv w`‡Z cvi‡jB †Kjøvd‡Z| †mŠwfK †`Lj, KvbvBPiY dvB‡ji g‡a¨ Wz‡e †M‡Qb, h‡š¿i g‡Zv nvZ G‡m c¨v‡KU †_‡K wmMv‡iU wb‡q gy‡L DwV‡q w`‡”Q| KvbvBPiY åƒ KzuPKv‡”Qb, KvMR nvZov‡”Qb| Avi †evanq †Km dvB‡ji g‡a¨ _vK‡Z cvi‡jb bv| Gevi †KvU© cÖwmwWs‡mi KwcI Ly‡j †d‡j‡Qb| Nwoi KuvUv ev‡ivUvi w`‡K hv‡”Q wKš‘ KvbvB GKUv kãI K‡ibwb; Ab¨vb¨ w`b GZÿ‡Y ïay †Km dvBj c‡o `y-GKUv cu¨v`vwbi wb`vb w`‡qB KvbvB †Km ¸wU‡q †bb| †mŠwfK SUcU nv‡Zi KvR¸‡jv K‡i †d‡j KvbvB‡K ejj, `v`v wK †WKv‡m©i w`‡K AvR hv‡eb? KvbvB wPšÍvi A_B mgy`ª †_‡K D‡V G‡jb| †n‡m ej‡jb, †Zv‡K GL‡bv weªd Kwiwb bv? Pj nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z eje| `yR‡b e¨¯Í eDevRvi w÷ª‡U †b‡g G‡jb|

KjKvZvi Rb‡mªv‡Zi gv‡S `yB †Mv‡q›`v| KvbvBPiY wbPz Mjvq ejv ïiæ Ki‡jb Ñ ms‡ÿ‡c welqUv GiKg| 1911 mv‡ji NUbv| evOvwji wecøe cÖ‡Póvq weªwUk _i_i K‡i Kuvc‡Q| gvwbKZjv †evgv gvgjv ¸wU‡q †M‡Q| Aiwe›` Qvov †c‡q †M‡Qb| KjKvZvq wecøex‡`i Dc`ªe A‡bKUv kvšÍ; wKš‘ XvKvq AkvwšÍ ZL‡bv Pj‡Q| Ggb mgq KjKvZvq aiv coj GK ¯úvB, bvg b„‡cY PÆivR| †h-†m RvqMv †_‡K bq, †Lv` jvjevRvi †_‡K aiv coj| †m wQj jvjevRv‡ii wd½viwcÖ›U ey¨‡ivi Aa¯Íb Kg©Pvix, wd½viwcÖ›U e¨e¯’vi Avw` cyiæl AvwRRyj nK Avi †ngP›`ª †ev‡mi mvÿvr wkl¨| wKš‘ g‡bcÖv‡Y wbLv` †`kf³, wecøex‡`i cÖwZ big-g‡bvfvevcbœ| Abykxjb mwgwZi eû m`‡m¨i m‡½ wQj Mfxi mL¨ Avi †hvMv‡hvM| mivmwi wecøe cÖ‡Póvq Ask bv wb‡jI b„‡cY wecøex‡`i c‡ivÿfv‡e mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z ïiæ K‡i| jvjevRv‡i KvR Kivi d‡j cywj‡ki bvbv Kvh©Kjv‡ci Lei Zvi Kv‡b AvmZB| b„‡cY mvs‡KwZK wPwV wj‡L wecøex‡`i Lei cvPvi Ki‡Z _v‡K| wecøex‡`i aicvKo ïiæ n‡j b„‡c‡Yi m‡½ evixb †Nvl ev †ng Kvbyb‡Mvi cÖZ¨ÿ †hvMv‡hvM eÜ n‡q Av‡m; wKš‘ cywj‡ki †PvL‡K duvwK †`Iqvi Dcvq b„‡cY Luy‡R †bq| mvs‡KwZK wPwV¸wj wbw`©ó ¯’v‡b †cuŠ‡Q †`Iqvi `vwqZ¡ _vKZ b„‡c‡Yi wV‡K wS‡qi Ici| †m †ePvwi wQj wb‡`©vl, KZ©vi Av‡`k †m †Kej cvjb KiZ| fveZ, cywj‡ki KvR Kivq KZ©v eywS †Kv‡bv miKvwi KvMR w`‡q _vK‡e! GB wS‡qi PwiÎ Lye GKUv myweavi wQj bv| wS‡qi N‡i GKevi GK †`wk cywjk Awdmvi G‡m mvs‡KwZK wPwVwU bRi K‡i| wS‡K †MÖdZvi Kiv nq| †m-†ewU eyK Vz‡K b„‡c‡Yi bvg e‡j †`q| †f‡ewQj, b„‡c‡Yi bvg ïb‡jB cywjkiv Zv‡K †Q‡o †`‡e; wKš‘ wn‡Z n‡jv wecixZ| wPwVi ms‡KZ D×vi Kiv n‡j †`Lv †Mj Ñ wPwVwU XvKvi Abykxjb mwgwZi R‰bK m`m¨ Agi P‡Ævcva¨vq‡K †jLv n‡q‡Q| jvjevRv‡ii `uy‡` cywjkKZ©v MW‡d« w`bn¨v‡gi MwZwewa Rvbv‡bv n‡q‡Q wPwV‡Z| b„‡cY †MÖdZvi n‡jb| †Lv` jvjevRv‡ii †fZi †LvPi aiv covq eoKZ©v‡`i gn‡j †ek †kvi‡Mvj c‡owQj Avi Kx! hw`I Le‡ii KvM‡R nvd Kjv‡gi †ewk RvqMv †bqwb| AvZ¥cÿ mg_©‡b b„‡cY wPwVi K_v ¯^xKvi K‡i ej‡jb, wZwb Zvi wec_Mvgx wecøex eÜz‡`i cywj‡ki fq †`wL‡q wbi¯Í Kivi †Póv KiwQ‡jb; wKš‘ Av`vj‡Z †m-`vwe †av‡c wUKj bv| Zvi †Zv Avi wPËiÄb `vk †bB|

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Zvi Ici †Mv‡`i Ici wel‡duvovi g‡Zv weªwUkiv ivRmvÿx Kij b„‡c‡YiB GK Zz‡Zv fvB‡K| †m ¯^xKvi Kij, `v`vi wUKwUwKwMwii fvMx`vi †mI wQj| Av`vjZ Zv‡K †invB w`‡jv Avi b„‡c‡Yi n‡jv Kvjvcvwb| Av›`vgv‡bi †mjyjvi †R‡j ZLb Abykxjb mwgwZi mvRvcÖvß m`m¨‡`i Avbv‡Mvbv Pj‡QB| b„‡cY †evanq Avk¦¯ÍB n‡qwQ‡jb, duvwm‡Z Szj‡Z n‡jv bv| 1913-Gi †m‡Þ¤^‡i wLw`icyi †_‡K b„‡cY‡K wb‡q RvnvR Qvoj| nvZKov cwi‡q wb‡q hvw”Qj GK Bs‡iR Awdmvi, DBjmb Avi `yB †`wk nvwej`vi Ñ ivg wms Avi bexbKzgvi †nvZv| Rvnv‡Ri bvg ÔRR© `¨ m¨wfIiÕ| †`o w`‡bi gv_vq †m-Rvnv‡Ri mvM‡i †cuŠQv‡bvi evZ©v KjKvZv e›`‡i G‡jv| Gici mßvnLv‡bK ci KjKvZvgyLx GKwU RvnvR RR©‡K †`L‡Z cvq| RR© cvjUv nb© evwR‡q evZ©v †`q| †mUvB R‡R©i †kl Lei| Gi ci RR© wbiæ‡Ïk| wi‡cvU© ej‡Q, mgy`ª kvšÍB wQj| Av¸b aivi †Kv‡bv cÖgvY cvIqv hvqwb| Av›`vgv‡b RvnvR †h AšÍZ †cuŠQvqwb, †m-welqwU wbwðZ| KjKvZvi KvMR¸wj wj‡L‡Q Ñ AZtci b„‡c‡Yi Avi †Kv‡bv Lei cvIqv hvqwb| jvjevRv‡ii †¯úkvj eªv‡Âi nv‡Z †Km Av‡m| †¯úkvj eªvÂ, hv nq Avi Kx, cÖvBgvwi Bb‡fw÷‡Mkb K‡i, wKQy Rvb‡Z bv †c‡i wi‡cvU© wj‡L †`q WªvDbW Bb `¨ m¨vÛ wWDbm Ae mvMi, mvM‡ii evjyP‡i wM‡q Wz‡e‡Q| Avi †hvM K‡i, †h-RvnvRwU mgy‡`ª RR©‡K †`‡LwQj

RvqMvi Lei Avi AvenvIqv `߇ii Kv‡Q AvmZ| Ñ ûu, n‡ZB cv‡i| AvRKvj bvbv iKg †U÷ K‡i nvRvi-†`o nvRvi eQi Av‡Mi AvenvIqv wgwj‡q w`‡”Qb weÁvbxiv| mgy‡`ªi w`KUv Av‡iKevi †PK Ki‡ZB n‡e| †mŠwfK ejj, wØZxq m¤¢vebv| RR© nq‡Zv wLw`icyi †_‡K Qv‡oBwb| Avi Qvo‡jI KZRb †jvK‡K wb‡q Qvoj? Avi Kviv Kviv hvÎx wQj? GB w`KUv †`Lv `iKvi| Ñ GUv †ek KwVb m¤¢vebv| Avwg wi‡cv‡U© †`LwQ Ñ Rvnv‡R Kvßvb-Lvjvwm‡`i ev` w`‡q `kRb c¨v‡mÄvi wQj| msL¨vUv Lye Kg e‡jB Avgvi g‡b n‡”Q| GKUv LUKv jvM‡QB| wKš‘ RvnvR wLw`icyi †_‡K Qvo‡eB bv, GUv AwZKíbv, RvnvRNvUvq cywjk _vK‡e| AveMvwii †jvK _vK‡e| wi‡cvU©viivI _vK‡Z cv‡i| AvZ¥xq¯^Rb| G‡`i mK‡ji bRi Gwo‡q R‡R©i jyKv‡bv m¤¢e wK-bv †f‡e †`Lv `iKvi| Avi †Kv‡bv m¤¢vebv? Ñ jv÷wj, Rvnv‡Ri me †jvKRb‡K nZ¨v K‡i, b„‡cY‡K Qvov‡Z Rvnv‡Ri gyL Nywi‡q gvjq ev c`y‡Pwi‡Z wb‡q hvIqv n‡jv| †mUv wK Am¤¢e? Ñ †ek Am¤¢e| RvnvR †Zv Avi D‡ovRvnvR bq| w÷‡g P‡j RvnvR| Lvjvwm jv‡M, gvjøv jv‡M| †mB †jvK¸‡jv †Kv_v †_‡K G‡jv, †mUv Z‡e fvev `iKvi| †mŠwfK g„`y AvcwË K‡i DVj Ñ aiæb, b„‡cY Avi Zvi wecøex

mßvnLv‡bK ci KjKvZvgyLx GKwU RvnvR RR©‡K †`L‡Z cvq| RR© cvjUv nb© evwR‡q evZ©v †`q| †mUvB R‡R©i †kl Lei| Gi ci RR© wbiæ‡Ïk| wi‡cvU© ej‡Q, mgy`ª kvšÍB wQj| Av¸b aivi †Kv‡bv cÖgvY cvIqv hvqwb| †mwU Zv‡`i åg wQj| †m-mg‡q GKwU gvjq RvnvR KjKvZv †_‡K wm½vcyi hvw”Qj, Zv‡KB RR© e‡j fzj K‡i| RR© cÖK…Zc‡ÿ mgy‡`ª hvqBwb, †gvnbvi Kv‡QB P‡j AvNvZcÖvß n‡q Gi mwjj mgvwa N‡U| †¯úkvj eªv‡Âi KZ©viv Avkv K‡iwQ‡jb, b`xLvZ e`jv‡j nq‡Zv R‡R©i gv¯‘j †`Lv hv‡e; wKš‘ weMZ GKk eQ‡i ûMwj eûevi euvK wb‡jI RR© Avi †f‡m I‡Vwb| GB n‡jv Mí| Gevi ZzB ej, Kx wm×v‡šÍ Avmv hvq? KvbvBPiY †mŠwfK‡K wRÁvmv Ki‡jb| †mŠwfK GM PvDwg‡bi wWg gy‡L cyi‡Z hvw”Qj| eDevRvi †_‡K †WKvm© Aewa †nu‡U Avm‡Z Avm‡Z Ii wÿ‡`Uv Pv-cvDiæwU †_‡K PvDwgb-wewiqvwb Aewa †cuŠ‡Q hvq| GZÿY eKeK K‡i K¬všÍ KvbvB wdk KvwiivwR‡Z gb w`‡jb, wKš‘ Kvb Lvov iBj, †mŠwfK ejj Ñ †KmUvi †Zv Avi †Kv‡bv mvÿx †bB! me g‡i f‚Z| Avi a‡i wbw”Q, R‡R©i evwK hvÎx‡`iI Avi †KD †Kv‡bvw`bI †`‡Lwb| Zvn‡j Avgv‡`i †KmUv mvRv‡Z n‡e wmbvwiIi Ici wbf©i K‡i| A_©vr wK-bv, Kx NU‡Z cviZ Avi Kx Kx N‡Uwb GB wnmveUv Ki‡Z cvi‡jB hv NU‡Z cviZ †mUzKz c‡o _vK‡e| wK ¸iæ, wVK ejwQ †Zv? KvbvB Pv‡q PzgyK w`‡q †PvL ey‡R ej‡jb, Kx Kx N‡U _vK‡Z cv‡i? Ñ cÖ_g m¤¢vebv, †m‡Þ¤^‡i RvnvR †Q‡o‡Q| gv‡b m`¨ el©vi gimyg †kl n‡q‡Q| mgy`ª kvšÍB _vKvi K_v| Zey mgy`ª †Zv Avi nviæeveyi evMvb bq, wekvj RvqMv, ÿwY‡Ki N~wY© ˆZwi n‡Z cv‡i ev mybvwg, nq‡Zvev mvB‡K¬vb| wekvj mgy‡`ªi KZUzKz

54

`jej Rvnv‡Ri gvjøv-hvÎx‡`i nZ¨v Kij| B‡Zvg‡a¨ we‡`wk †Kv‡bv RvnvR G‡m Dcw¯’Z n‡jv| Zv‡`i m‡½ G‡jv AwZwi³ gvjøv-mv‡is, hviv RR©‡K †V‡j my›`ie‡bi R½‡j XzwK‡q w`‡jv| KvbvBPiY Møv‡mi R‡j nvZ ay‡Z ay‡Z ej‡jb, Gevi Miæ Mv‡Q DV‡Q, I‡K bvgv| weªwUk Rjmxgv †QvKiv| weªwUk cviwgkb Qvov †e Ae †e½‡j gvwQI boZ bv| AZ¸‡jv †jvKfwZ© RvnvR hvIqv-Avmv Ki‡j †cv‡U©i wi‡cv‡U© wVK cvIqvB hv‡e| Ñ Zvn‡j Awdm wd‡i cÖ_g †dvb wK †cv‡U© KiQ? KvbvBPiY AvKÉ †n‡m ej‡jb, cÖ_g †dvbUv Avwjcyi, wLw`icy‡i bq| Avi KiwQm ZzB| Avwg †h †K¬vRW, fz‡j †Mwj! †WKvm© †_‡K †nu‡U jvjevRv‡i GKevi wdi‡jB KvbvBPi‡Yi `ycy‡ii LvIqv nRg n‡q hvq| GKUv wmMv‡iU †kl K‡i KvbvB †di †K‡mi cvZv¸‡jv DjUvw”Q‡jb, †PvL ey‡R fvewQ‡jb| b„‡cY wecZœxK, †Q‡jcy‡j nqwb, we‡qi Aí KeQ‡ii g‡a¨ `g`g wdev‡i †U‡m hvq, msmv‡i Kv‡Qi †jvK ej‡Z †cÖŠpv gv| b„‡c‡Yi Kvjvcvwb nIqvi ci gv‡qi Kx n‡jv †mUv †Kv_vI †jLv †bB| †Km Wv‡qwi‡Z ev‡Rqvß nIqv gv‡ji wj÷ Av‡Q, †MÖdZvwi c‡ivqvbv Avi b„‡cY‡K †Rivi weeiY Av‡Q| †h‡nZz †KD Lyb-RLg nqwb ZvB eY©bv¸wj g¨vog¨v‡o| b„‡cY †Rjvq Rvwb‡q‡Q †h, †m †Kv‡bvw`bB gvwbKZjvq hvqwb, XvKvq cv Aewa iv‡Lwb| †Mv‡q›`vivI †Zgb †Kv‡bv m~Î cvqwb| †MvUv †KmUvB ZvB `uvwo‡q Av‡Q wPwV¸wji Ici Avi wV‡K wS I Zz‡ZvfvB‡qi mvÿx‡Z| †KvU© cÖwmwWs‡q cywjk A‡bK¸wj wg_¨v mvÿx mvwR‡q


G‡bwQj| Svby Rvw÷‡mi Zv‡`i cvj‡U w`‡Z Lye gykwKj nqwb, Lye GKUv ¸iæZ¡I †`Iqv nqwb iv‡q| wV‡K-wS, bvg M½v Ñ GRjv‡m `uvwo‡q e‡j‡Q †h, †m eveyi wPwV GKvwaKevi wbw`©ó ¯’v‡b †i‡L G‡m‡Q| †mLvb †_‡K †K †mB wPwV †c‡q‡Q †m wKQyB Rv‡b bv| b„‡cY KL‡bv wPwVi K_v A¯^xKvi K‡iwb; wKš‘ GRjv‡m `uvwo‡q miKvwi DwK‡ji cÖ‡kœi Dˇi GUvB e‡j‡Q †h, Zvi c_åó eÜz‡`i a‡g©i †`vnvB, gvbeZvi †`vnvB, weªwUkiv‡Ri †`vnvB Avi †cbvj †Kv‡Wi †`vnvB w`‡q mk¯¿ wecøe cÖ‡Póv †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z ejZ| KvbvBPiY dvB‡ji †fZi †_‡K Zvgvw` n‡q hvIqv K‡qKwU wPwV covi †Póv Ki‡jb| wPwV¸wj wejÿY mvs‡KwZK fvlvq †jLv, m‡½ ms‡KZ-we‡kl‡Ái †bvU Ry‡o †`Iqv n‡q‡Q| AwZ a~Z© †Q‡j| †m Ggbfv‡e wPwV¸wj wj‡L‡Q, hvi gv‡b nu¨v-I n‡Z cv‡i Avevi bv-I n‡Z cv‡i| GK RvqMvq wjL‡Q Ñ MW‡d« w`bn¨vg †_‡K mveavb| †cbvj †Kv‡Wi †`vnvB, †m †Zvgv‡K Qvo‡e bv, fvB Agi| Zzwg cÖv‡Z wPZcyi †jb ai‡j †m †Zvgv‡K †mLv‡bB nvZKov civ‡e| KvbvB †f‡e †`L‡jb Ñ GKw`‡K Agi P¨vUz‡¾‡K w`bn¨v‡gi fq †`Lv‡bvI n‡jv Avevi w`bn¨v‡gi hvZvqv‡Zi iv¯ÍvI myPZzi b„‡cY †KŠk‡j Rvwb‡q w`‡qwQj| KvbvBPi‡Yi `ycy‡ii Z›`ªvq weNœ NwU‡q †mŠwfK ejj, `v`v, Avwjcyi †gwUwiIjwRi m‡½ †dv‡b K_v n‡jv| †m‡Þ¤^i †R‡bivwj mvB‡K¬vb wmRb| †gwUwiIjwRi myPqbevey Rvbv‡jb, el©vi ciciB bvwK mvB‡K¬vb Av‡m| 1913-Gi †m‡Þ¤^‡i K‡qKUv †QvULv‡Uv wb¤œPvc ˆZwi n‡qwQj †e Ae †e½‡j, wKš‘ eo So Av‡mwb| Ñ ZL‡bv Zvn‡j Avwjcyi †_‡K AvenvIqvi †cÖwWKkb n‡Zv? KvbvB e¨½ K‡i ej‡jb| Ñ myPqbevey ejj, 1850 †_‡K bvwK †MvUv BwÛqvi I‡q`vi wi‡cvU© Av‡Q; wKš‘ mgy‡`ªi ch©‡eÿY¸‡jv A‡bK c‡ii w`‡K| dv÷© Iqvì© Iqv‡ii AuvP †c‡q weªwUkiv mgy‡`ªi ch©‡eÿY ïiæ K‡i! gvBwi, gv‡S gv‡S fvwe, weªwUkiv bv G‡j Avgv‡`i Kx n‡Zv! N~wY©So AvmZ, Rvb‡ZI cviZvg bv| Ñ †Zvi myPqb‡K kvjv †`Lwe, †Kv‡bvw`b fzjfvj †dviKv‡÷i Rb¨ jvjevRvi ai‡e| GBevi gbmyb Avmvi 12 w`b c‡i gbmyb wi‡cvU© w`‡q‡Q| wWwm ej‡Q, eb¨vÎv‡Yi K¤^j wK †gwUwiIjwR mvcøvB †`‡e| nvm‡Z nvm‡Z KvbvB Av‡iKUv wmMv‡iU aiv‡jb| †mŠwfK µvBg Kbdv‡iÝ wgU Ki‡Z M¨v‡jv, hvIqvi Av‡M e‡j †Mj, †cvU©‡K cÖkœ¸‡jv cvwV‡qwQ| †`wL KLb DËi †`q! KvbvB wmMv‡i‡U Uvb w`‡q †di †KvU© cÖwmwWsm fvev ïiæ Ki‡jb| b„‡cY nq‡Zv G-hvÎvq cvi †c‡q †hZ; wKš‘ Zz‡ZvfvB‡qi mvÿxUv fvBUvj n‡q †Mj| N‡ii kÎæ wefxlY| GiKg hw`I weªwUk‡`i Rb¨ LyeB cwiwPZ Qj| Abykxjb mwgwZ‡K fvOvi Rb¨ GB QKwU weªwUk cywjk e¨envi KiZ| GKRb Awdmvi G‡m fq †`LvZ, Av‡iKRb gv_vq nvZ eyjvZ| ev”Pv †Q‡j me, evixb †Nvl‡`i K_vq D¾xweZ n‡q †`k‡K ¯^vaxb Ki‡e e‡j G‡m cywjk-†Km †L‡q e‡m Av‡Q| AZ¨vPvi n‡”Q| N‡ii fvZ RyU‡Q bv| Lvivc cywjk Avi fv‡jv cywj‡ki ˆecix‡Z¨ Amn Ae¯’v| Ggb Ae¯’vq fv‡jv cywj‡ki K_v ï‡b ivRmvÿx e‡b hvIqvUvB mnR Dcvq| Kvjvcvwb cvi n‡Z n‡e bv| N‡ii †Q‡j †di N‡i wd‡i hv‡e| †¯ªd hvIqvi Av‡M mwgwZi gv_v Kviæi KxwZ©Kjvc e‡j w`‡jB n‡jv| GB †KŠk‡j AvBwik wecøe-cÖ‡Póv †f‡O‡Q weªwUkiv,

evsjv‡ZI fvB‡K fvB‡qi weiæ‡× †jwj‡q w`‡q‡Q| Avi N‡ii †jv‡Ki weiæ‡× Ñ mvÿx memgqB AvB‡bi †Pv‡L ¸iæ‡Z¡i| Abykxjb mwgwZi G GK KiæY BwZnvm| Zz‡ZvfvBwUI, Zvi bvg †gvnb emy, GB c‡_B cv w`‡q‡Q| MxZvq nvZ †i‡L hLb e‡j‡Q †h, Zvi `v`v hLb Pie„wËi m‡½ hy³ ZL‡bv b„‡cY A¯^xKvi K‡i †M‡Q| KvbvB‡qi KiæYv n‡jv b„‡c‡Yi K_v †f‡e| †Q‡jwU mwZ¨ wb‡`©vl, bq‡Zv †m nq‡Zv mwZ¨B wecøex‡`i mgv‡Ri mk¯¿ c_ †_‡K wbi¯¿ Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Q| fz‡j †M‡j Pj‡e bv, †m-mg‡q weªwUk miKv‡ii we‡ivwaZv Kiv †Zv †`k‡`ªvnB| ZvB mk¯¿ wecø‡ei we‡ivwaZv‡KI wK Lye †`vl †`Iqv P‡j? KvbvBPiY GB ZvwË¡K ؇›Ø Avi cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z PvB‡jb bv| Zvi †KŠZ‚nj n‡jv †gvnb emyi Rxe‡b KZ UvKv Avi mvgvwRK myiÿv †m †cj Bsiv‡Ri Kv‡Q? hZ †ewk UvKv n‡e, ZZB b„‡c‡Yi m¤¢ve¨ Pie„wˇZ †hvM _vKvi m¤¢vebv Kg! KvbvB †ej wU‡c †eqviv‡K WvK‡jb| †eqvivwU †bnvZ ev”Pv †Q‡j, evc givq PvKwi †c‡q‡Q| KvbvB GKUv w¯øc w`‡jb, Zv‡Z †jLv Ñ †gvnb emy, 1913| †eqviv‡K ej‡jb, GB w¯øcUv wb‡q A¨vKvD›U‡m hv Avi hZÿY jv¸K, `uvwo‡q Kwc wb‡q Avq| †QvKiv †mjvg Vz‡K P‡j †Mj| hw`I †mjvg †VvKvi K_v Zvi bq| Dw`© †bB †eqvivi| KvbvB B›UviKgUv †U‡b cywjk wgDwRqv‡gi wKD‡iU‡ii b¤^‡i GKUv Kj Ki‡jb| cwiPq w`‡q ej‡jb, Ñ MW‡d« w`bn¨vg, GB aiæb †m‡KÛ †W‡KW Ae †Uv‡qw›U_ †mÂzwi| bvgUv wK †Pbv-†Pbv jvM‡Q? wKD‡iUi cywj‡ki †jvK bb, fvwM¨m| wZwb BwZnvmwe`, KvbvB Zv‡K wgDwRqvg D‡Øva‡bi w`b †`‡LwQ‡jb Kwgkbv‡ii cv‡k| ga¨eq¯‹ f`ª‡jvK, jvjevRv‡i wgDwRqvg mvgjv‡Z bv G‡m †evanq K‡j‡R cov‡jB fv‡jv Ki‡Zb| wKD‡iUi wbt¯ú„n Mjvq ej‡jb Ñ Aek¨B, MW‡d« w`bn¨vg‡K BwZnvm †P‡b GKRb AZ¨vPvix cywjk Awdmvi wn‡m‡e| Abykxjb mwgwZ‡K cÖvq GKvi nv‡Z †kl K‡i‡Q| hw`I cy‡ivUv cv‡ibwb| XvKvi Abykxjb mwgwZ †eu‡P wM‡qwQj| Avi gvwbKZjvi mwgwZ †Q‡oI A‡b‡K evNv hZxb‡`i hyMvšÍi mwgwZ‡Z P‡j hvq; wKš‘ w`bn¨vg m¤ú‡K© †hUv ejvi Zv n‡jv Ñ w`bn¨vg‡K gvivi cÖ‡Póv K‡iwQj XvKv Abykxjb mwgwZi wKQy m`m¨| hw`I, AvbdiPz‡bUwj, w`bn¨vg †eu‡P hvb| wecøexiv fzj †jvK‡K †g‡iwQj, †hgbUv †m-mgq A‡bKevi n‡q‡Q| KvbvBPiY †dvb Qvov gvÎ †`‡Lb, †eqviv c`©v †V‡j N‡i XzK‡Q| †QvKivi †Kv‡bv KvÐÁvb †bB| KvbvB ivMZ ¯^‡i ej‡jb Ñ †Zv‡K ejjvg bv, Kwc wb‡q Z‡eB Avmwe| †eqvivwU bxi‡e GKwU Kw¤úDUvi wcÖ›U-AvDU KvbvB‡qi mvg‡b †g‡j aij| KvbvB h‡_ó Awff‚Z n‡jb| jvjevRv‡ii wWwRUvjvB‡Rk‡bi Ici GB cÖ_gevi Zvi GKUv Av¯’v G‡jv| †QvKivi IciI cÖxZ n‡jb| fwel¨‡Z †iK‡gÛ K‡i †`‡eb fve‡jb| wiwWs MøvmUv †Pv‡L Gu‡U 1913-1930 mv‡ji †bvU‡m †PvL ivL‡jb| Zv‡Z †`Lv hv‡”Q †h, †Km PjvKvjxb †gvnb emy‡K wKQy RjLvevi Avi hvZvqvZ eve` ivnvLiP †`Iqv n‡qwQj| †Km wg‡U hvIqvi ci weªwUkivR †gvnb emyi Ici `qvciek n‡q `yB UvKv gv‡mvnviv avh© K‡i| wKš‘ cÖ_g gv‡m †mB gv‡mvnviv wb‡Z G‡m‡Q †gvnb emyi bvevjK cyÎ cyjK emy, AwffveK mn‡hv‡M| bw_KZ©v bvevjK cy‡Îi wUcmB wb‡q gv‡mvnviv w`‡q‡Qb Ges dzU‡bv‡U wj‡L †i‡L‡Qb †h, cyÎwU Rvwb‡q‡Q, Zvi evc †mbv`‡j bvg wjwL‡q we‡`q n‡q‡Q|

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bw_KZ©v Av‡iv Rvbv‡”Qb †h, GB wel‡q wZwb IciIqvjv‡`i m‡½ Av‡jvPbv K‡i cyÎwU‡K gv‡mvnviv †`Iqv wbwðZ Ki‡jb, hZw`b bv †gvnb emy †`‡ki KvR K‡i wd‡i Av‡m| AZtci GB e‡›`ve¯Í eRvq _v‡K 1930 Aewa| †m-mgq bZzb bw_KZ©v Rvwb‡q‡Qb, wZwb `vwqZ¡ †bIqvi ci †_‡K `yB eQi KvD‡K gv‡mvnviv wb‡Z Avm‡Z †`‡Lbwb, †gvnb emy wµwgqvi hy‡×i eû Av‡MB cÖvY nvwi‡q _vK‡eb| Lye m¤¢eZ c~‡e©i eoevey I Zvi mnKgx©iv eQ‡ii ci eQi gv‡mvnvivwU AvZ¥mvr Kwiqv _vwK‡e| eZ©gvb miKv‡ii A_©fvÐv‡ii K_v fvweqv GB gv‡mvnviv Pvjy ivLvi †Kv‡bv A_© †bB, AZGe 1930-G gv‡mvnviv eÜ n‡jv| KvbvB †eRvq gRv †c‡jb| †Kej wecøexivB bq, ev‡Ni N‡i †Nv‡Mi evmv Zvn‡j wnmveiÿKivI ey‡bwQj| †mŠwfK µvBg Kbdv‡iÝ †_‡K †divi ci KvbvB GB K_v¸wjB ej‡jb| †mŠwfK †Uwe‡j †Vm w`‡q `uvwo‡q ïbj| KvbvB cÖwZwU †jv‡Ki e¨vKMÖvDÛ †PK ïiæ K‡i‡Q| GB cwiw¯’wZ‡Z GUvB KiYxq| †m wRÁvmv Kij Ñ Avi †h-mv‡ne Avi `yB nvwej`vi, ivg Avi bexb, RR© Rvnv‡R b„‡cY‡K wb‡q †Mj Zv‡`i e¨vKMÖvDÛUv †PK Ki‡eb bv? KvbvB ZL‡bv gRvi †ik a‡i †i‡LwQ‡jb Ñ Zviv †Zv cywjk, jvjevRvi Avgvi evc-gv, Avwg ZvB cywjk‡K KL‡bv m‡›`n Kwi bv †i evc| ZzB †cvU© †_‡K Lei †cwj? †mŠwfK kÖvM K‡i ejj Ñ †cv‡U©i †jvKR‡bi KvQ †_‡K Lei †ei Kiv †h Kx Sw°i KvbvB`v| Avcwb GB mvBWUv mvgjv‡j eyS‡Zb| e¨vUviv m‡e‡ZB KvUgvwb †L‡Z Pvq| BDwbd‡g©i †Kv‡bv †im‡c±B †bB| G‡`i †cU †_‡K Lei †ei Ki‡Z wM‡q Avgvi AvR‡Ki †MvUv w`bUv bó n‡jv| hvB †nvK| †mvm© a‡i Lei wg‡j‡Q| 1913-Gi 22 †m‡Þ¤^i wLw`icyi †_‡K RR© `¨ †mwfqvi Aek¨B †Q‡owQj| hvÎx wQj mvK‡j¨ bqRb| †Lqvj Kiæb, cywjk-wi‡cvU© wKš‘ e‡j‡Q, `kRb hvÎx mIqvi n‡qwQj Ñ c‡q›U Iqvb| Rvnv‡Ri Kvßv‡bi bvg I¯Ív` gvmy`| evwK hvÎx‡`i bvgavg Aewa †cv‡U©i Kv‡Q †bB| Rvnv‡Ri jv÷ wi‡cvwU©s d«g mvMi| wLw`icyi Qvovi †`ow`b ci| Zvici jvcvËv| c‡q›U Uz Ñ †cv‡U©i bw_‡Z mgy‡`ª RR©‡K KjKvZvgyLx RvnvRUv †`‡LwQj GiKg †Kv‡bv Lei †bB| Ñ RR©‡K mgy‡`ª †`Lvi wi‡cvU©Uv _vK‡e bv, †mUvB Avkv K‡iwQjvg| 1913-Gi KjKvZv cywj‡ki †¯úkvj eªv‡Â †Zv Avgv‡`i eskaiivB wQ‡jb, Zviv cu¨v`vwbwe`¨vUvB fv‡jv RvbZ| IivB IUv‡K K¬vwmdv‡qW K‡i‡Q, Zvici gy‡Q w`‡q‡Q| KviY mgy‡`ª RR©‡K †`L‡Z cvIqvi bw_Uv _vK‡j KjKvZv cywj‡ki w_‡qvwiUv Ñ †h-RR© †gvnbvq Wz‡e‡Q, †mUv `uvovZ bv| †mŠwfK Nvo bvoj Ñ A¨vwMÖW| Ib c‡q›U Iqvb| †cvU© †_‡K hvÎx‡`i bvgavg bv cvIqv M¨v‡jI bv‡gi GKUv ZvwjKv µm‡PK K‡i †c‡qwQ| †mKv‡j RvnvRhvÎvi Lei wbDR‡ccv‡i weÁvcb w`‡q †NvlYv Kiv n‡Zv| hvÎx‡`i bvgavgI A‡bK mgq Qvcv‡bvi Pj wQj| ZvB Ag„ZevRvi-hyMvšÍ‡ii WvUv‡emUv GKevi †`L‡Z wWwWi jvB‡eªwi‡K ejjvg| ZvivI Rvbv‡”Q bqRb hvÎx| hyMvšÍi bvg Avi cwiPqI †Q‡c‡Q| DBjm‡bi bvgUv Av‡Q| `yRb nvwej`v‡ii bvg Av‡Q, nvwej`vi‡`i cwiP‡q hw`I ¯^‡`wk †eImvqx (e¨emvqx) †jLv i‡q‡Q; wKš‘ b„‡c‡Yi bvg Aewa †bB| KvbvB gb w`‡q ïbwQ‡jb| †mŠwf‡Ki µm‡PK Kivi c×wZ‡Z wZwb †ek Lywk| wKš‘ Rvnv‡Ri hvÎxmsL¨v Zvi Kv‡Q †Kv‡bv K¬z bq| †mŠwfK‡K KvbvB ej‡jb, `k bv bq †mUv e¨vcvi bv| b„‡c‡Yi bvg B”Qv K‡iB ev` †`Iqv n‡q‡Q KjKvZv

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cywj‡ki wb‡`©‡kB| cywjk KL‡bv PvB‡e bv, b„‡c‡bi m¤¢ve¨ mn‡hvMxiv GB RvnvRhvÎvi w`bÿY I Ab¨vb¨ Lei RvbyK| Zv‡Z Rvnv‡Ri wec‡`i Avk¼vB evo‡e| wecøexiv gvSM½vq ew›`‡K jyU Ki‡Z cv‡i| Avi Rvnv‡R ew›` hv‡”Q e‡j XvK wcwU‡q evwK hvÎx Avi Zv‡`i d¨vwgwj‡KI fq †`Lv‡Z cv‡i| †Zv wVKB Av‡Q| DBjmb, ivg Avi bexb hLb R‡R© Av‡Q, ZLb AvcvZZ a‡i †bIqv hvK I Av‡Q| Avi Kviv Kviv hvÎx? †mŠwfK c‡KU †_‡K †gvevBj †ei K‡i ejj Ñ †gvevB‡j †bvU K‡i wb‡qwQ| nu¨v, †c‡qwQ, cywjk‡`i ev` w`‡q, `yB weªwUk, `yRb evOvwj Avi `yRb Zvwgj| Zvwgj¸wj Av›`vgvb †_‡K gv`ªv‡Ri (†PbœvB) RvnvR ai‡e| `yRb weªwU‡ki cwiP‡q †jLv GWz‡Kkwb÷, nvBwj weªwUk ¯úvB, hy× ïiæ nIqvi Av‡Mi eQi! Zvwgj¸wj †eImvqx, evsjvq e¨vsK Ly‡j‡Q| `yRb evOvwji GKRb mv‡f©qvi Avi AciR‡bi bvg ivLnwi †Nvlvj| wKš‘ c‡q›U w_ª Ñ ivLnwii bv‡gi cv‡k eª¨v‡K‡U †jLv AjKUcš’x| Avi †Kv‡bv cwiPq †`Iqv †bB| GB AjKU bv fRKU †KmUv Kx? Ñ w_‡qvmwd÷| f‚ZPP©v ej‡j †evanq fv‡jv nq| wKš‘ ïayB f‚ZPP©v bq| ci‡jvK, c¨vivmvB‡Kv hZiKg D™¢U welq G‡`i PP©vi welq wQj| bvBbwUš’ †mÂzwii †klw`K †_‡KB G‡`i †ek igigv wQj| KjKvZvq †evanq GL‡bv w_‡qvmwd÷ †mvmvBwU Av‡Q, K‡jR w÷ª‡Ui w`‡K! †m-mgq hw`I w_‡qvmwd÷iv ïaygvÎ D™¢U kv‡¯¿B wb‡R‡`i AvU‡K iv‡Lwb| fvi‡Zi ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vjbI GK w_‡qvmwd‡÷i nvZ w`‡q ïiæ Ñ wZwb Avjvb A±vwfqvb wnDg, fvi‡Zi RvZxq Ks‡MÖ‡mi cÖwZôvZv| wnDg wQ‡jb GKRb AemicÖvß wmwfj mv‡f©›U, WvKmvB‡U Aiwb‡_vjwR÷, Bbd¨v± Zvi nvZ w`‡qB fvi‡Z cÿxPP©vi ïiæ| wnDg `vwe K‡ib, Zvi inm¨gq I wZeŸZevmx ¸iæ gnvZ¥vi K_v ï‡bB wZwb Ks‡MÖ‡mi cÖ_g Awa‡ekb WvKvi cwiKíbv †bb| GB MíUv eis Av‡iKw`b| AvcvZZ †kv‡bv, GB w_‡qvmwdi Av‡iK cy‡ivav n‡jb K‡b©j AjKU| wZwb hw`I RvZxq ivRbxwZ‡Z gv_v Nvgvbwb| RR© `¨ m¨vwfI‡ii hvÎx ivLnwi †Nvlvj K‡b©j AjK‡Ui AbyMvgx, hw`I welqwU wbtm‡›`‡n m‡›`nRbK| Avwg †¯úkvj eªv‡Â †m-mgq _vK‡j ivLnwi †Nvlv‡ji d¨vwgwj‡KB †Uªm Kivi †Póv KiZvg| †mŠwfK †gvevBj †dvbUv KvbvB‡qi w`‡K GwM‡q w`‡jv| A¨vjvb wnD‡gi DBwKwcwWqv †cR| `vwoIqvjv, m¤£všÍ I eq¯‹ weªwUk| †mŠwfK ejj, GB hw` w_‡qvmwd÷‡`i †Pnviv nq Zvn‡j Avwg wbwðZ, ivLnwi †NvlvjB KvjwcÖU| †Kv‡bv ¯^‡`wk †QvKiv wbðqB `uvwo evwM‡q R‡R© w_‡qvmwd÷ †m‡R D‡VwQj| Avi Ks‡MÖ‡mi m‡½ w_‡qvmwd÷‡`i Z‡j Z‡j †hvM _vK‡j cwiPqcÎ, cÖvmw½K KvMRcÎ Avi w_‡qvmwdi eBcËi †RvMvo KivUv †Kv‡bv e¨vcviB bq| Ñ †iv‡mv fvB †iv‡mv| Avgiv GLv‡b KvjwcÖU‡K LuyRwQ bv| KviY, n‡ZB cv‡i KvjwcÖU †Kv‡bv A‡Pbv-ARvbv †`k‡ev‡a DØy× †QvKiv ev Rj`my¨| Avgiv RvnvR nvwi‡q hvIqvi m¤¢ve¨ KviY LuyRwQ, †mUvB Avgv‡`i †Km| Acivax bv aiv co‡jI eomv‡ne GB †K‡m eK‡e bv, RvnvR Luy‡R w`‡jB wgwWqv Lywk n‡q hv‡e| hw`I ivLnwi †Nvlvj‡K gv_vq ivLjvg| jv‡Âi ci †_‡K Rvbvjvnxb †P¤^v‡i e‡m KvbvB nuvwc‡q DVwQ‡jb| †mŠwfK‡K wb‡q wZwb jvjevRv‡ii eviv›`vq G‡m `uvov‡jb| †mŠwfK c‡KU †_‡K gvje‡ivi c¨v‡KU †ei Kij, hv †`‡L †ek PgKv‡jb KvbvB| †mŠwfK Av›`vR K‡i ejj, GKUv


†Km †mUj K‡i w`jvg AvR‡K| KvbvB PzcPvc GKUv gvje‡iv aiv‡jb| Ñ AvR evwo hvIqvi Av‡M wK †KmUv mjfW n‡e? KvbvB ej‡jb Ñ Avkv Kg| K‡qKUv m¤¢vebv gv_vq Nyi‡Q wKš‘ wm‡Kv‡qÝUv bv evbv‡bv M¨v‡j †KmUv `uvov‡e bv| Avi K‡qKUv cÖkœI GL‡bv DËinxb, †hgb Ñ hw` a‡iIwb b„‡cY‡K wecøexiv wQwb‡q wb‡q †M‡Q, Kxfv‡e wQwb‡q wbj †mUv c‡i fvee, Zvn‡j cÖkœ n‡jv, †nvqvB! GZ GZ wecøex me Kvjvcvwb cvi n‡jv| Zv‡`i †Zv wQwb‡q †bIqv n‡jv bv| Ñ Aiwe›` Bsiv‡Ri nvZ M‡j P›`bbM‡i P‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb, c‡i c`y‡Pwi| †mUv wK ïayB wm Avi `v‡ki mIqvj-Rev‡e, jvjevRv‡ii †`qvj KvbvKvwb K‡i, †mLv‡b divwm‡`i h‡_ó nvZ wQj| Rvw÷m‡`i Bbd¬z‡qÝ Kiv n‡qwQj| Aiwe›`i ÿgZv divwmiv Av›`vR Ki‡Z †c‡iwQj †evanq| KvbvB †auvqv †Q‡o ej‡jb, Zvn‡j †Zgb we‡kl ÿgZvevb wecøex n‡j we‡`wk kw³ Zv‡K euvPv‡Z GwM‡q Avm‡ZI cv‡i| ¸W wWWvKkb| b„‡cY †Zv h‡_ó ¸iæZ¡c~Y©B| †m jvjevRv‡ii wd½viwcÖ›U wWcvU©‡g‡›U KvR K‡i‡Q| AvwRRyj nK Avi ivq evnv`yi †ng emyi Kv‡Q KvR wk‡L‡Q| wd½viwcÖ‡›Ui we‡klÁB ejv P‡j| WvP, divwm, †cv‡Z©viv †Zv hy‡×i Av‡Mi eQi Ggb †jvK‡K †dv‡m© PvB‡eB| IB mgq, †Kv‡bv divwm RvnvR wK c`y‡Pwi †_‡K †Q‡owQj? ev †Kv‡bv RvnvR c`y‡Pwi‡Z G‡mwQj? RR© †Zv Qvo‡Q 22 †m‡Þ¤^i, Zvi m‡½ Av‡iv cuvP-mvZw`‡bi UvBg DB‡Ûv‡Z Bbdi‡gkbUv PvB| K¨vjKvUv †cv‡U©i AvK©vB‡f wkIi _vK‡e, c`y‡Pwi †cvU©‡K †K¬vRwj IqvP Kiv n‡Zv| †cv‡U© bv †c‡j, IqvP wWcvU©‡g‡›Ui cyi‡bv gvjLvbvUv GKevi †`wLm| bv‡Ki WMvq divwm‡`i weªwUkiv †Kv‡bvw`bB fv‡jv‡Pv‡L †bqwb| †mŠwfK g‡b-g‡b wei³ n‡jI Ic‡i eyS‡Z w`‡jv bv| †cv‡U©i m‡½ K_v ejvi Sw°Uv B‡Zvg‡a¨ GKevi Zv‡K †cvnv‡Z n‡q‡Q| AvaLvIqv wmMv‡iU Wv÷we‡b †d‡j, Awj‡›`i _v‡gi Avov‡j wM‡q †mŠwfK †dvb Ki‡Z e¨¯Í n‡jv| KvbvBPiYI GKUz `~‡i m‡i G‡m wb‡Ri Aewkó wmMv‡i‡U gb w`‡jb, Avi Szu‡K c‡o jvjevRv‡ii PvZv‡j †jvKR‡bi hvZvqvZ †`LwQ‡jb| hZ RywbqiB †nvK, †dv‡m© GK Awdmv‡ii †mv‡m© Ab¨ Awdmv‡ii Drmvn bv †`Lv‡bvB A‡NvwlZ wbqg| KvbvB‡qi Kv‡b †mŠwf‡Ki KvKzwZ-wgbwZ Kv‡b AvmwQj| †Mv‡q›`v wefv‡Mi †¯úkvj †m‡ji Ruv`‡ij Awdmv‡ii gvgywj Bbdi‡gkb †RvMvo Ki‡Z Kx bv‡Rnvj `kv †f‡e KvbvB gRv †c‡jb| wmMv‡i‡Ui wdjUvi G‡m wM‡qwQj, KvbvB Wv÷we‡b wmMv‡iU †dj‡Z wM‡q †`L‡jb †mŠwfK K_v †kl K‡i Av‡iKUv wmMv‡iU aiv‡”Q| †mŠwfK ejj, †RvMvo n‡jv, Avgvi ev‡ci fvM¨, †Kv‡bvw`b wWwm-†cv‡U© M¨v‡j kvjv‡`i †md nvD‡R wb‡q wM‡q gRv eywS‡q Qvoe| hvK‡M, K¨vjKvUv †cv‡U©i AvK©vBfm ej‡Q Ñ GKwU †QvU RvnvR, bvIB ejv fv‡jv; c`y‡Pwi †_‡K PuvUMv hvIqvi Rb¨ †Q‡owQj| †bŠKv is Kivi AvjKvZiv wb‡q PuvUMv hvw”Qj| wKš‘ hvwš¿K †Mvj‡hv‡Mi Kvi‡Y GKw`b c‡i c`y‡Pwi‡ZB wd‡i Av‡m| Avi c`y‡Pwi e›`‡i GKwU hvÎxRvnvR G‡mwQj KivwP †_‡K| Zv‡Z 50 Rb hvÎx wQj, †ewkifvMB divwm, G‡Wb Ny‡i, KivwP n‡q c`y‡Pwi‡Z G‡m‡Q| cÖPzi IqvBbI wQj Ñ †mUv †evanq bv ej‡jB n‡Zv| hy‡×i Rb¨B †mevi mgy‡`ª Rvnv‡Ri Avbv‡Mvbv †ek Kg wQj| Aek¨ S‡oi Avk¼vI n‡Z cv‡i| †gvU K_v, bw_‡Z R‡R©i †fovi †Kv‡bv K_v †bB! Ñ c`y‡Pwi‡Z RR© wfo‡j weªwUk ¸ßPi‡`i Kv‡Q wVKB

Lei †hZ| e‡j KvbvBPiY wb‡Ri g‡b Wze w`‡jb| †mŠwfK Avi K_v evovj bv| `yR‡bi †P¤^v‡i wd‡i G‡jv| †mŠwfK nv‡Zi R¡jšÍ wmMv‡iU †d‡jwb| KvbvB †hb Kvjvcvwbi g‡a¨ c‡o †M‡Qb| AÜKviB †ewk wKš‘ LvwbK Av‡jv, †mjyjvi †R‡ji NyjNywj w`‡q cÖ‡ek Ki‡Q| Avi KvbvB fve‡Q, †mB GKdvwj NyjNywj w`‡q wK m~h©‡K †`Lv m¤¢e| wKš‘ †m‡j wK ïayB NyjNywj _v‡K, cv_‡ii †`qv‡j wK wPo _v‡K bv! †mLvb w`‡qB wK Av‡jv cÖ‡ek K‡i bv! KvbvB GKwU †Zgb wPo †`L‡Z †c‡jb| Ñ Av”Qv IB RR© Rvnv‡Ri †h Kvßvb, Kx bvg Zvi? I¯Ív` gvmy`? †m wK wPUvMuvi †jvK? †m-mgq †Zv †ewkifvM gvjøvB wPUvMuvi †jvK wQj| Ñ †Lv` wLw`icy‡ii| A‡bK eQ‡ii bvweK, eskvbyµ‡g| †cv‡U©i bw_‡ZB †jLv wQj| †mUv †R‡b Avwg †jvKvj _vbv †_‡K †Q‡j cvwV‡qwQjvg| I¯Ív‡`i eskaiiv Av‡Q GL‡bv wLw`icy‡i| I¯Ív` Zv‡`i evRv‡bi `v`v| mgy‡`ª gviv hvq| m¤¢eZ R‡R©B gviv hvq, eskaiiv Gi †ewk wKQy Rv‡b bv| KvbvB †di wPšÍvi Kvjvcvwb‡Z Wz‡e †M‡jb| †mŠwfK Gw`K †mw`K †dvb K‡i Aa¯Íb‡`i wb‡`©k w`w”Qj Avi Zvi wb‡Ri KvR Ab¨‡`i Kuv‡a †Vjvi †Póv KiwQj| KvbvB`vi cvjøvq c‡o Zvi wb‡Ri me KvR AvR‡Ki g‡Zv jv‡U IVvi †RvMvo| µvBg Kbdv‡i‡Ý Kwgkbv‡ii bvwZ`xN© w¯ú‡Pi gv‡S †mŠwfK †U÷ Av`vb-cÖ`vb K‡i‡Q| wWwm-µvBg †`L‡Z †c‡q Bkvivq agK w`‡q‡Q| Kmev _vbv GKUv Ly‡bi †Km †idvi K‡i‡Q| †mŠwfK d‡ibwmK cvVv‡bvi wb‡`©k w`‡jv| KvbvB †K¬vR _vKvq Zvi Kuv‡a Ggwb‡ZB A‡bK¸‡jv `vwqZ¡| †mŠwfK Rv‡b, hw` cu¨vw`‡q K_v †ei Kivi wKQy †Km Av‡m, Z‡eB GLb †Mv‡q›`v wefvM mjf Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wmwiqvm †Km G‡j G-gyn~‡Z© wWwW APj, KvbvB‡K †di Awdwmqvj Zje w`‡Z n‡e| KvbvB †mB Avkv‡ZB mKvj †_‡K `߇i G‡m e‡m _v‡K, GB eywS R‡q›U wmwci Ni †_‡K WvK G‡jv| mßvn `y‡qK Nyi‡Z Pjj| KjKvZvq wK †cwU µvBg Qvov Avi wKQyB †bB †i evc! †mŠwfK d‡ibwm‡K †dvb Ki‡Z hvw”Qj, †`Lj Ñ †P¤^v‡ii c`©v †V‡j GK c„_yjv, eq¯‹ bvix cÖ‡ek Ki‡jb| †mŠwfK Gbv‡K Av‡MI †`‡L‡Q, jvjevRv‡iB, wKš‘ wVKVvK g‡b Ki‡Z cvij bv| f`ªgwnjv c`©v mwi‡q ej‡jb Ñ Avm‡Z cvwi? f`ªgwnjvi Mjv ï‡bB KvbvB Kvjvcvwbi AZj †_‡K †hb †R‡M DV‡jb, e¨¯Ímg¯Í n‡q D‡V `uvwo‡q ej‡jb, Av‡i Kx fvwM¨, Avmyb Avmyb, wcøR emyb| f`ªgwnjv cÖZ¨vwkZ Avc¨vqb †c‡q GKMvj †n‡m ej‡jb, jv †cwi‡q †Mj, Zey †Km mjf n‡jv bv †`‡L wb‡RB †LuvR wb‡Z P‡j Gjvg| †mŠwfK wPb‡Z cvij, wµwgbvj †iKW©‡mi †iwR÷ªvi w`w`gwY, whwb KvbvB`v‡K cy‡iv‡bv †K‡mi dvBjcËi w`‡q _v‡Kb| KvbvBPiY ej‡jb, GB †KmUv GKUz †ewkB RwUj| w`w`gwY wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, b„‡cY PÆiv‡Ri †Kv‡bv nw`m †c‡jb? KvbvBPiY AvOzj Zz‡j †mŠwfK‡K †`wL‡q ej‡jb, Avgvi GB ZiæY eÜzwU GL‡bv K‡qKwU m¤¢vebv wb‡q †Ljv Ki‡Qb| cÖ_g `ywU m¤¢vebv ev` †`Iqv n‡q‡Q| A_©vr, wLw`icyi †_‡K RvnvR †Q‡owQj, †m-wel‡q †Kv‡bv m‡›`n †bB| Avi mgy`ªI wQj kvšÍ, ZvB RvnvRWzweI m¤¢e bq, Rj`my¨ AvµgY Ki‡e Ggb Avk¼v cywj‡ki wi‡cv‡U©I †bB| GLb nv‡Z iBj c‡o

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evigyWv Uªvqv½j, gv‡b RvnvR hw` gvSc‡_ f¨vwbk n‡q hvq| †mUv wK m¤¢e! w`w`gwY †Pqvi †U‡b †ek RyZ K‡i e‡m cvb-gkjv wPey‡Z wPey‡Z ej‡jb, IiKg RvnvR f¨vwbk †Zv Av‡gwiKvq nqUq e‡j ï‡bwQ| A‡b‡K e‡j, evigyWv Uªvqv½‡j bvwK wfbMÖnxiv G‡m RvnvR Wzwe‡q †`q| Av”Qv Avgv‡K ej‡Z cv‡ib, wfbMÖnxiv †Kb Av‡gwiKv‡ZB Av‡m, e‡½vcmvM‡i BDGdI Avm‡Z cv‡i bv? KvbvB nvm‡jb| Ñ Mwie gvby‡li evwo‡Z †Zv Avi AwZw_ Av‡m bv, G‡j eo‡jvK‡`i evwo‡ZB Av‡m| w`w`gwY nvZ Dj‡U ej‡jb, Zvn‡j nvIqvi KvimvwRB n‡e nq‡Zv| RvnvR‡K †U‡b wb‡q nq‡Zv kÖxjsKv ev wm½vcy‡i wb‡q wM‡q †d‡j‡Q| †mŠwfK cv‡ki †Uwej †_‡K gyL bv Zz‡jB ejj, Avwjcyi Rvwb‡q‡Q, †m-mgq †Kv‡bv mvB‡K¬vb Av‡mwb †e-†Z| Ñ bv bv, Avwg †Zgb eo S‡oi K_v ejwQ bv| Avwg nvIqvi K_v ejwQ| KvbvBevey, Avcwb DËgvkv AšÍix‡ci K_v ï‡b‡Qb| BD‡ivcxq RvnvR DËgvkv AšÍixc †c‡iv‡bvi ci Ggb GK nvIqv †cZ, Zv‡`i hvÎvi AbyK‚‡j e‡q Pjv nvIqv, hv †mvRv RvnvR¸‡jv‡K fviZxq DcK‚‡j G‡b †djZ| `uvo evB‡ZI n‡Zv bv| cvj LvwU‡q w`‡jB †bŠKv †f‡m PjZ| †Zgb nvIqv e‡½vcmvM‡i †Kb eB‡e bv! KvbvB‡qi Mjvq mskq Ñ f‚‡Mv‡ji ÁvbUv Avgvi ¯‹zj dvBbvj †j‡f‡ji; wKš‘ e‡½vcmvM‡i nvIqv †Zv `wÿY †_‡K DËigyLx eq| A_©vr Av›`vgv‡bi w`K †_‡K evsjvi DcK‚‡ji

KvbvBPiY D‡ËRbvq Av‡iKUv gvje‡iv awi‡q jvjevRv‡ii Awj‡›` P‡j G‡jb| †mŠwfK SUcU d‡ibwmK‡K †dvbUv †m‡i wbj| Rjw` wcK Kivi Rb¨ †c‡UªvjKvi cvVv‡bv n‡q‡Q Avwjcy‡i| KvbvBPiY Nwo †`L‡jb, Avi nq‡Zv wgwbU Kzwoi g‡a¨ XzwK‡q †`‡e| wmMv‡iUUv †kl K‡i, w`‡b cÖ_gevi Uq‡j‡U †M‡jb KvbvBPiY| wb‡R‡K Db¥y³ K‡i †P¤^v‡i wd‡i †`‡Lb w`w`gwYI Zvi `߇ii KvR †m‡i e¨vM Kuv‡a wd‡i G‡m‡Qb, KvbvB‡qi †Uwe‡ji mvg‡bi Kv‡Vi †Pqv‡i e‡m Av‡Qb| †mŠwfK Nb-Nb Nwo †`L‡Q| Pvi‡U cuqZvwjø‡k GKRb mve-B݇c±i GK ZiæY I my‡ek cyiæl‡K wb‡q KvbvB‡qi †P¤^v‡i G‡jv| mve-B݇c±i‡K KvbvB we‡`q w`‡jb| ZiæYwUi `yB nvZ Avi eMjfwZ© Zvwo Zvwo †gvov‡bv KvMR| KvMR¸wji †fZi †_‡K bvbv ai‡bi g¨vc DuwK w`‡”Q| ZiæYwUi Mv‡j Aí `vwo, e¨vK‡cÖk Pzj, ci‡b wRb&m| †mŠwfK ZiæYwU‡K ej‡jb, myPqbevey, wcøR, emyb| myPqb ej‡jb, Avwg wKš‘ †m›Uªvj Mfb©‡g‡›Ui Kg©Pvix, Gfv‡e ejv †bB, KIqv †bB eomv‡neiv †KD Rv‡b bv, Avcbviv Avgv‡K Zz‡j Avb‡Z cv‡ib bv! †mŠwfK myPqb‡K kvšÍ Ki‡Z ej‡jb, Avnv, Avcbvi †_‡K GKUv Riæwi †dfvi PvB| †b·U UvBg Avcbvi †h-†Kv‡bv cÖe‡j‡g jvjevRvi‡K Avcwb cv‡eb| myPqb avZ¯’ n‡jb| †mŠwfK †ej wU‡c †eqviv‡K ejj, mevi Rb¨ Kwd Avb‡Z| KvbvBPiY myPq‡bi Kv‡Q wb‡Ri cwiPq w`‡q ej‡jb, myPqbevey Avcbv‡K DB`vDU †bvwU‡k Zz‡j Avbvi

KvbvBevey, Avcwb DËgvkv AšÍix‡ci K_v ï‡b‡Qb| BD‡ivcxq RvnvR DËgvkv AšÍixc †c‡iv‡bvi ci Ggb GK nvIqv †cZ, Zv‡`i hvÎvi AbyK‚‡j e‡q Pjv nvIqv, hv †mvRv RvnvR¸‡jv‡K fviZxq DcK‚‡j G‡b †djZ| `uvo evB‡ZI n‡Zv bv| cvj LvwU‡q w`‡jB †bŠKv †f‡m PjZ| †Zgb nvIqv e‡½vcmvM‡i †Kb eB‡e bv! w`‡K| RvnvR‡K hw` f¨vwbk n‡Z nq, nvIqv‡K eB‡Z n‡e DËi †_‡K `wÿ‡Y Ñ evsjv †_‡K Av›`vgv‡bi w`‡K| w`w`gwY fzj ïa‡i w`‡jb Ñ DËigyLx nvIqv eq el©vKv‡j, hLb †gŠmywgevqy mgy`ª †_‡K Rj wb‡q fviZxq Dcgnv‡`‡k cÖ‡ek K‡i| A_ev, mvB‡K¬vb ˆZwi n‡j, nvIqv mgy`ª †_‡K evsjvq XzK‡Z _v‡K| wKš‘ eQ‡ii memgq †h GgbUv n‡eB Zvi gv‡b †bB, `wÿYgyLx nvIqv †Zv _vK‡ZB cv‡i| KvbvB PgrK…Z n‡q ej‡jb, Avcbvi wRIMÖvwdUv †Zv `viæY| w`w`gwY j¾v †c‡jb Ñ Avgvi wnw÷ª Abvm© wQj, wKš‘ cv‡m wRI wQj| KvbvB `yevi Ô`viæYÕ e‡j †mŠwf‡Ki w`‡K ZvKv‡jb| †mŠwfKI w`w`gwYi K_v ïb‡Z ïb‡Z d‡ibwmK‡K †dvb Ki‡Z fz‡j †M‡Q| KvbvB wb‡`©k w`‡jb Ñ Avwjcyi‡K AvaNÈvi g‡a¨ me DBÛ g¨vc wb‡q Zz‡j Av‡bv| `iKvi n‡j mvg‡b GKUv GmKU©-Kvi jvwM‡q †`| KvbvB Nwoi w`‡K ZvKv‡jb, Pvi‡Ui KuvUv Quy‡q‡Q| Ñ w`w` AvR GKUz †jU n‡j Amyweav n‡e Kx? †mŠwfK Avcbv‡K Awd‡mi Mvwo w`‡q †`‡e| w`w`gwY nvm‡jb Ñ _vwK †Zv ivRvevRv‡i, †Kv‡bvB cÖe‡jg †bB, nv‡Zi K‡qKUv KvR †m‡i Z‡e Avevi AvmwQ| e‡j, D‡V P‡j †M‡jb|

58

Rb¨ Avgiv `ytwLZ| I‡q`vi-msµvšÍ K‡qKUv Bbdi‡gkb Avcbvi †_‡K wb‡qB Avgiv Avcbv‡K †hLv‡b ej‡eb Wªc K‡i w`‡q Avme| myPqb ej‡jb Ñ BU&m I‡K, wKš‘ Bbdi‡gkb Avgv‡K †dv‡b wR‡Ám Ki‡jI w`‡q w`‡Z cviZvg| KvbvB ej‡jb, Avwg wb‡RI Rvwb bv, Kx ai‡bi Bbdi‡gkb Avgv‡`i cÖ‡qvRb| Av”Qv, Avcwb wK e‡½vcmvM‡i †Kv‡bv `wÿYgyLx nvIqvi K_v Rv‡bb? Ñ A‡bK ai‡bi DBÛ mvKz©‡jkb A_©vr nvIqvi Pjv‡div †e Ae †e½‡j †`Lv hvq| mgy`ª †Zv GKUv †QvU RvqMv bq| Zv‡`i cÖK…wZ, ˆewkó¨ Avi bvbv ai‡bi wel‡qi Ici wbf©i K‡i bvg †`Iqvi †iIqvRI Av‡Q| myPqb ej‡jb| KvbvB ej‡jb, Avwg wb‡RI Rvwb bv Avcbv‡K wVK Kx cÖkœ Kiv DwPZ, Av”Qv, †Kv‡bv nvIqv wK GKUv RvnvR‡K... gv‡b, †U‡b... ej‡Z ej‡Z KvbvB w`w`gwYi w`‡K Amnvqfv‡e ZvwK‡q ej‡jb... Avcwb GKUz †ní Kiæb bv, Avcwb †Zv wRIMÖvwdi| w`w`gwY myPqb‡K ej‡jb, fvB KvBÛwj DBÛ K¬vB‡g‡UvjwRi GUj¨vmUv Lyj‡eb, †m‡Þ¤^‡iiUv †ei Ki‡eb| GKZvov g¨v‡ci g‡a¨ myPqb K¬vB‡g‡UvjwRi GUj¨vm LuyR‡Z e¨¯Í n‡jb| KvbvBPiY Avi †mŠwf‡Ki f¨vevP¨vKv Ae¯’v †`‡L w`w`gwY ej‡jb, K¬vB‡g‡UvjwR gv‡b n‡jv cÂvk wK GKk


eQ‡ii Rjevqy| aiæb 1910 mvj †_‡K hw` mgy‡`ªi wewfbœ ¯’v‡b nvIqvi MwZ‡eM gvcv n‡q _v‡K, 1910 mvj †_‡K 2016 Aewa nvIqvi MwZ‡eM Avi w`‡Ki Mo †bIqv n‡e| Avwg †m‡Þ¤^‡ii K¬vB‡g‡UvjwR †ei Ki‡Z ejjvg| †mUv †`L‡j, †m‡Þ¤^i gv‡m mgy‡`ªi nvIqv †Kvbw`‡K eq Avi KZ MwZ‡e‡M eq †mUvi GKUv aviYv cvIqv hv‡e| myPqb GKwU A‡cÿvK…Z SKS‡K e‡½vcmvM‡ii g¨vc †mŠwf‡Ki †Uwe‡ji Ici †g‡j w`‡jb| e‡½vcmvMi‡K wQbœwew”Qbœ K‡i Aÿvsk-`ªvwNgvskiv P‡j †M‡Q| bxj mgy`ª GLb †mŠwf‡Ki †Uwe‡ji Ici| g¨v‡ci wZb‡Kvbvq KigÐj DcK‚j, my›`ieb Avi wgqvbgv‡ii DcK‚j DuwK wb‡”Q| wb‡Pi w`‡K fviZ gnvmvM‡ii A‰_ Rjivwk| KvbvB g¨v‡ci w`‡K gv_v SzuwK‡q Avb‡jb, e‡½vcmvM‡ii Ici AmsL¨ †QvU †QvU ZxiwPý, Zvi GKwUi Ici nvZ †i‡L KvbvB wR‡Ám Kij, GB A¨v‡iv¸wj wK‡mi? myPqb Rvbv‡jb, G¸wjB †Zv nvIqvi w`Kwb‡`©k Ki‡Q, ZxiwPý¸wj K¤úv‡mi †hw`‡K wb‡`©k Ki‡Q, †mw`‡K †m‡Þ¤^i gv‡m mvaviYZ nvIqv e‡q _v‡K| g¨v‡ci g‡a¨ Ava wWwMÖ AšÍi AšÍi ZxiwPý i‡q‡Q, A_©vr cÖwZ 30 wK‡jvwgUv‡i nvIqv gvcv n‡q‡Q| Avi nvIqv hZ †Rv‡i eB‡e ZxiwPý ZZ j¤^v n‡e, e‡j myPqb g¨v‡ci e‡½vcmvM‡ii Ici nvZ †i‡L ej‡jb, GB AÂjUv‡K Avgiv †m›Uªvj †e ewj, GLv‡bB hZ mvB‡K¬vb ˆZwi nq, ZvB GB RvqMvUv A‡cÿvK…Z kvšÍ| ZvB †`Lyb, GLv‡b ZxiwPýwU AvKv‡i Ab¨vb¨ Zxi¸wji †_‡K †QvU Avi AwZ mvgvb¨ Dˇi w`Kwb‡`©k KiwQ|

GB nvIqvwU cvivØx‡ci `wÿY †_‡K Zvwgjbvo–i mvgvb¨ c~‡e© wM‡q †kl nq| Gi †RviI kvwšÍ mvgyw`ªK nvIqvi †P‡q A‡bK cÖej wKš‘ N~Y©veZ© ev mvB‡K¬v‡bi g‡Zv AZ †RviI †bB| 60 wKwgi †ewk nvIqvi †eM n‡j Avgiv N~Y©veZ©‡K mvB‡K¬vb ewj Avi 40 wKwgi Ic‡i n‡j ejv nq Mfxi wbgœPvc| wKš‘ GB welg nvIqvi MwZ‡eM 20 †_‡K 40-Gi g‡a¨| e‡½vcmvM‡ii Dò R‡ji Kvi‡Y GB welg nvIqv ˆZwi n‡q _v‡K| KvbvB g¨v‡ci Ici gv_v SzuwK‡qB myPq‡bi K_v ïbwQ‡jb, g¨v‡ci Ici †P‡c _vKv Zvi ZR©bx †`wL‡q wR‡Ám Ki‡jb Ñ GB †h RvqMvwU, †hLv‡b G‡m Avcbvi †¯úkvj nvIqv evwK nvIqvi m‡½ wg‡k †Mj GwU †_‡K KZ `~‡i| myPqb g¨v‡ci Aÿvsk †`‡L ej‡jb Ñ AbwaK 60 wK‡jvwgUvi| KvbvB myPq‡bi w`K †_‡K gv_v Nywi‡q †mŠwf‡Ki w`‡K ZvKv‡jb| †mŠwfK Bkviv ai‡Z †c‡i wb‡Ri g‡b Rgv cÖkœ K‡i †djj Ñ hw` Avgiv g¨vc †`‡L GB we‡kl nvIqvi K_v Rvb‡Z cvwi, hw` Avwjcyi Rv‡b GB nvIqvi K_v, weªwUk †¯úkvj eªv †Kb Rvb‡Z cvij bv? KvbvB †QvU GKwU `xN©k¦vm †d‡j g¨vc †_‡K AvOzj Zz‡j wb‡jb| †mvRv n‡q `uvwo‡q, †e‡Zv †Kvgi UvbUvb K‡i ej‡jb Ñ fv‡jv cÖkœ wKš‘ weªwUk cywjk †Kb Rv‡b bv †mUv Avgiv B‡Zvg‡a¨B †R‡bwQ| eis cÖkœUv| GKUz Nywi‡q Kiv DwPZ wQj| hv‡nvK Av‡M weªwUk †¯úkvj eªv‡Âi `ÿZvUv †`Lv hvK| myPqbevey Avcbvi Kv‡Q 1913 mv‡ji †m‡Þ¤^i gv‡mi mvgyw`ªK nvIqvi GUj¨vm Av‡Q|

g¨v‡c e‡½vcmvM‡ii ¯^”Q bxj is a~mi n‡q‡Q, g¨v‡ci †Kvbvq wgqvbgvi, evsjv‡`k, Zvwgjbvo–, wgwj‡q GKUvB †`k, weªwUk BwÛqv| myPqb Av‡Mi g¨v‡ci Ici 1913 mv‡ji g¨vcwU †g‡j w`‡jb| †mŠwfK Szu‡K c‡o cvivØx‡ci Kv‡Q †mB we‡kl nvIqvwU‡K †LuvRvi †Póv K‡i e¨_© n‡jv| KvbvBPiY ûMwj b`xi †gvnbvi Kv‡Q AvOzj ivL‡jb, Zvici AvOzj `wÿYw`‡K bvgv‡Z _vK‡jb, cvivØx‡ci c~‡e© G‡m _gKv‡jb, Zvici †mvRv wb‡Pi w`‡K bvg‡Z _vK‡jb, Av›`vgvb ch©šÍ wM‡q _vg‡jb| ZxiwPý¸wjI g~jZ `wÿYgy‡L wb‡`©k KiwQj| Gici KvbvB‡qi AvOzj †di cvivØx‡ci Kv‡Q D‡V G‡jv| AvOzj wKQyÿY g¨v‡ci g‡a¨ wKQy GKUv LuyRj, cvivØx‡ci mvgvb¨ wb‡P bvg‡ZB KvbvB hv LuyRwQ‡jb †`L‡Z †c‡jb| j¤^v j¤^v Zxi, msL¨vq †ewk bq, cvkvcvwk ai‡j `ywU wK wZb‡U, A_©vr †`o‡kv-`y‡kv wK‡jvwgUvi RvqMv Ry‡o `wÿYgyLx Zxi¸wji †_‡K euvK wb‡q `wÿY-cwðg gy‡L P‡j‡Q| †hb eo GKwU iv¯Ív †_‡K GKwU †QvU iv¯Ív †ewi‡q †M‡Q| KvbvBPi‡Yi AvOyj nvIqv‡`i iv¯Ívq Pj‡Z ïiæ Kij| KvbvB mveav‡b AvOzj Pvjv‡jb, KviY `wÿY-cwðggyLx Zx‡ii msL¨v Lye Aí| Zv‡`i cÖwZ‡ekx Zxi¸‡jv meB `wÿ‡Y P‡j‡Q| mgy‡`ªi ga¨ w`‡q wKQyÿY Pjvi ci GK RvqMvq wM‡q KvbvB _vg‡jb| †mBLv‡b wM‡q `wÿY-cwðggyLx nvIqv †di `wÿYgyLx n‡q‡Q| KvbvB‡qi AvOzj Zvwgjbvo–i DcK‚j †_‡K GK Bw cwigvY `~‡i †_‡g‡Q| KvbvB myPq‡bi w`‡K PvB‡jb| myPqb ej‡jb, Avcwb GZÿY †h-mvKz©‡jkb‡K d‡jv Ki‡jb †mUv GK ai‡bi A¨v‡bvg¨vwj A_©vr ˆelg¨| †m‡Þ¤^‡ii mgy‡`ª nvIqvi †h-ai‡bi w`M Avi †Rvi _v‡K Zvi †_‡K †ek Avjv`v|

Ñ _vK‡Z cv‡i, e‡j myPqb Avevi g¨v‡ci Mv`vi g‡a¨ nvg‡j c‡o GKwU RivRxY© g¨vc Zz‡j Avb‡jb| †mB g¨v‡c e‡½vcmvM‡ii ¯^”Q bxj is a~mi n‡q‡Q, g¨v‡ci †Kvbvq wgqvbgvi, evsjv‡`k, Zvwgjbvo–, wgwj‡q GKUvB †`k, weªwUk BwÛqv| myPqb Av‡Mi g¨v‡ci Ici 1913 mv‡ji g¨vcwU †g‡j w`‡jb| †mŠwfK Szu‡K c‡o cvivØx‡ci Kv‡Q †mB we‡kl nvIqvwU‡K †LuvRvi †Póv K‡i e¨_© n‡jv| KvbvB ej‡jb Ñ †Zgb †Kv‡bv nvIqv †bB †Zv, Av‡iv GKUv wRwbm †bB, †mUv wK e‡jv †Zv? †mŠwfK ejj Ñ Av‡Mi g¨v‡ci A‡bK †ewk ZxiwPý wQj, GLv‡b †`LwQ A‡bK `~‡i `~‡i GKUv Zxi| Ñ mgy‡`ªi nvIqv gvcvi KvR ïiæ n‡qwQj 1910-Gi w`‡K, Zvi Av‡M †_‡KB hw`I ¯’jf‚wg‡Z e„wócvZ gvcvi D‡`¨vM †bIqv nq; wKš‘ wek¦hy‡×i Avk¼v‡ZB weªwUkiv mgy‡`ªi ch©‡eÿYI ïiæ K‡i| ZLb KZ¸‡jv †÷kb wQj myPqbevey? Ñ ZLb Avgv‡`i †e Ae †e½‡j 18wU c‡q‡›U nvIqv, e„wócvZ, cvi` BZ¨vw` gvcvi e¨e¯’v wQj| †mŠwfK ejj Ñ wKš‘ g¨v‡c †Zv 18wUi A‡bK †ewkB Zxi †`L‡Z cvw”Q| myPqb ej‡jb Ñ I¸‡jv MvwYwZK wnmv‡e K‡l evov‡bv n‡q‡Q, ZvB †m-mgq mgy‡`ªi Avmj Ae¯’vi m‡½ †gjvi m¤¢vebv

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Kg| aiæb GKwU c‡q‡›Ui e„wócv‡Zi cwigvY Rvb‡Z cvi‡j Avcwb Zvi †_‡K 20 wKwg `~i Aewa e„wócv‡Zi cwigvY AuvKv K‡l e‡j w`‡Z cvi‡eb, G‡K G·Uªv‡cv‡jkb e‡j| wKš‘ `~iZ¡ hZ evo‡e, fz‡ji Avk¼vI ZZ evo‡e| KvbvB myPq‡bi K_vi m~Î a‡i ej‡jb Ñ †h‡nZz m‡e mgy‡`ª ch©‡eÿY ïiæ n‡q‡Q, ZvB 1913 mv‡ji g‡a¨ K¬vB‡g‡UvjwRi g¨vc cvIqvI hv‡e bv, cvIqv †M‡jI Zv wbLuyZ n‡e bv| 30 eQ‡ii Mo AvenvIqv‡K Rjevqy ejv nq, wK ZvB †Zv w`w`gwY? w`w`gwY mvq w`‡jb Ñ wbfz©j| Ñ GLb KUv c‡q‡›U Avcbviv cwigvc K‡ib? †mŠwfK myPq‡bi Kv‡Q Rvb‡Z PvBj| Ñ GLb †Zv Avi ïay †÷kb †bB, GLb Gqvi‡evb, m¨v‡UjvBU, †f‡mj, †Wªvb KZ iKg c×wZ P‡j G‡m‡Q| GLbKvi hv g¨vc †`L‡Qb me wbfz©j| ZvB wbLuyZfv‡e welg nvIqv‡K Avgiv eyS‡Z cviwQ| KvbvB ej‡jb Ñ in‡m¨i GKUv w`K GLb Avgvi Kv‡Q cwi®‹vi| Avwg GB welg nvIqv‡K DBÛ e‡j WvKe, hw` Avcbvi AvcwË bv _v‡K| 1913-Gi g¨v‡c hLb GB nvIqv †bB, ZLb a‡i †bIqv †Mj, GB nvIqviI 1913-†Z †Kv‡bv Aw¯ÍZ¡I †bB... myPqb AvcwË Ki‡jb Ñ Zv †Kb! g¨v‡c †bB gv‡b ev¯Í‡e †bB Zv †Zv bq| g¨v‡c †Zv GKKv‡j Av¯Í Av‡gwiKv gnv‡`‡kiB Aw¯ÍZ¡ wQj bv| Ñ I‡K, A¨vwMÖW, g¨v‡c †bB gvbyl Rv‡b bv, weªwUk †Mv‡q›`viv Rv‡b bv| wecøexiv Rv‡b bv| gvby‡li b‡j‡RB hw` bv _v‡K Zvn‡j RvnvR Pvjv‡Z GB nvIqvi myweav †ZvjvI †Zv m¤¢e bq| AvcvZfv‡e ZvB †Zv g‡b n‡”Q| †mŠwfK mvq w`‡jv, wVK| Ñ wKš‘ w`w`gwY, DËgvkv AšÍix‡c †h-nvIqvi K_v Avcwb ej‡jb †mwU wK g¨v‡c wQj, ev‡_©v‡jvwgD w`qvR DËgvkvq duvmvi c‡iI wK g¨v‡c D‡V‡Q| nq‡Zv nu¨v, wbw`©ófv‡e bq nq‡Zv; wKš‘ Zey GK`j gvbyl GB nvIqvi Aw¯ÍZ¡ Rv‡bB, Zviv bv Rvb‡j P‡j bv, wK myPqbevey, wVK ejwQ? KvbvB wR‡Ám Kij| Ñ Aek¨B| mgy‡`ªi me LyuwUbvwU †mjvim n¨vÛey‡K _v‡K| Ñ bvweK-gvjøviv hyM-hyMvšÍi a‡i mgy`ª‡K c‡o Avm‡Q| weÁvbx-AvenvIqvwe`iv D`q nIqvi eû Av‡M †_‡K, cÖvPxbKvj †_‡K mgy`ª‡K covi †Póv Ki‡Q gvwS-gvjøviv| Zv‡`i AwR©Z Ávb †Kv‡bv g¨v‡c †jLv †bB| eskvbyµ‡g Qwo‡q Av‡Q| †KD †KD †bvUey‡K, Wv‡qwi‡Z wj‡L †i‡L‡Q| mgy‡`ªi cÖwZwU nvIqv‡K Zviv Ki‡iLvi g‡Zv †P‡b| †mŠwfK ejj Ñ KvbvB`v R‡R©i bvweK wQj I¯Ív` gvmy`, Avwg wb‡R Zvi wLw`icy‡ii evmvq †jvK cvwV‡qwQ| †m †RbyBb bvweK, †m wecøex bq| †m R‡R©i w`kv cvj‡U Avcbvi nvIqvq wM‡q co‡e bv| KvbvB A¯^xKvi Ki‡jb Ñ Avwg †Zv ewjwb R‡R©i w`kv cvjUv‡bvi Rb¨ bvweK cÖ‡qvRb| †hUv cÖ‡qvRb †mUv n‡jv bvwewK Ávb, †mUzKz _vK‡jB n‡jv| evwK KvR †Zv Ki‡e DBÛ| Avi GB RvnvRwU wb‡Luv‡Ri †K‡m bvwewK Ávb, I¯Ív` gvmy` QvovI Av‡iKR‡bi _vKv m¤¢e wQj| †iwR÷ªvi w`w`gwY D‡ËwRZ n‡q KvbvB‡qi †Uwe‡ji Ic‡i ivLv ÔwKs-A¨v¤úvivi fvm©vm b„‡cY PÆivR A¨vÛ Av`vimÕ †KvU© cÖwmwWs‡mi dvBjUv Zz‡j ai‡jb| KvbvB nv-nv K‡i †n‡m DVj| Ñ †Km `uvwo‡q †M‡Q, me UzK‡iv †Rvov w`‡Z †mwmj

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ev‡i hvIqv hvK| myPqbevey, Avcbvi‡K Wªc K‡i †`Iqvi e¨e¯’v KiwQ, A‡bK ab¨ev`| cywjwk †K‡mi g‡a¨ †ewk bv †XvKvB fv‡jv Ñ †f‡e myPqb KvbvB‡qi †P¤^vi †_‡K †ewi‡q G‡jb| KvbvB, †mŠwfK Avi †iwR÷ªvi w`w`gwY jvjevRv‡ii evwo †_‡K we‡K‡ji eDevRvi w÷ª‡U †b‡g G‡jb| `yB cv nuvU‡ZB weL¨vZ cvbkvjvwU, KvbvBPi‡Yi cÖZ¨n we‡K‡ji AvÇv| cvbkvjvi †Kv‡Yi w`‡K GKwU †Uwej cQ›` K‡i wZbR‡b em‡jb, KvbvB Avi †mŠwfK Gwm eø¨vK AW©vi w`‡jv| w`w`gwY ej‡jb Ñ f`Kv DB_ jvBg KwW©qvj| m‡½ G‡jv wg·W c‡Kvov Ñ cvbkvjvwUi weL¨vZ Abycvb| GK wcm ûBw¯‹ †g‡i KvbvBPiY K_v ejv ïiæ Ki‡jb| Ñ weªwUk cywj‡ki †Km Wv‡qwi c‡o cÖ_g Avgvi †hUv g‡b n‡qwQj b„‡c‡Yi weiæ‡× Pie„wËi †K‡mi Lye †ewk GKUv †gwiU †bB| cÖavb mvÿx ej‡Z GKRb Ñ wV‡K wS M½v Avi Zvi bvMi, †h wb‡R cywjk! AvR‡Ki w`‡b Ggb †Km n‡j eUZjvi DwKj I‡K Qvwo‡q Avb‡Z cviZ| civaxb †`‡ki K_v fve‡j, GiKg †K‡m cuvP wK mvZ eQ‡i †Rj h‡_ó| Abykxjb mwgwZi †QvKiv wecøex‡`i ZvB n‡q‡Q| A‡b‡Ki Kvjvcvwb n‡jI †ewk eQ‡ii bq, AvRxeb †Zv bqB| gv_v‡`i K_v Aek¨ Avjv`v| b„‡c‡YiI nq‡Zv K‡qK eQi Kvivevm n‡Zv| mvRv †K‡U †ewi‡q AvmZ| wKš‘ Zey, weªwUkiv b„‡c‡Yi weiæ‡× GKUv mwZ¨ wK wg_¨v ivRmvÿx `uvo Kivj, GK Zz‡ZvfvB‡K| GB cÖ_g Avgvi m‡›`n n‡jv †h, b„‡c‡Yi GKUv ¸iæZ¡ Av‡Q| ¯^‡`wk‡`i Kv‡Q ¸iæZ¡ _vK‡Z cv‡i wK? Avi cuvPUv Drmvnx ¯^‡`wk †m bq| †m nq‡Zv †evgv euv‡awb, wKš‘ g~j¨evb Z_¨ cvPvi K‡i‡Q| g~jZ Zvi cvPvi Kiv Z‡_¨i wfwˇZB c‡i MW‡d« w`bn¨v‡gi Ici nvgjvi †Póv nq| GKevi †Rj †_‡K Qvov †c‡j †Zv Avi Pie„wË K‡i DV‡Z cvi‡e bv| ZvB Kvivgyw³i ci ¯^‡`wk‡`i Kv‡Q b„‡c‡Yi KZLvwb ¸iæZ¡ Aewkó _vKZ, Avgvi m‡›`n Av‡Q| KjKvZv Abykxjb mwgwZI ZZw`‡b wgªqgvY n‡q †M‡Q| GKevi mvRv †K‡U †ewi‡q G‡j weªwU‡ki Rb¨I ÿwZKi wKQy n‡q DV‡e bv| †m evixb †Nvl bq, evNv hZxb bq| weªwUkiv Zv m‡Ë¡I b„‡cY‡K DwPZ wkÿv w`‡q ÿvšÍ n‡jv bv, Kvjvcvwbi e¨e¯’v Kij| jNycv‡c ¸iæ `Ð, Zv n‡j wK weªwUkiv Avm‡j b„‡cY‡K cvKvcvwKfv‡e `~‡i miv‡Z PvBwQj? hv‡Z †Rj †_‡K †Kv‡bvg‡ZB †e‡iv‡Z bv cv‡i| Kvi †_‡K `~‡i miv‡Z PvBwQj? †mŠwfK‡K cÖkœ K‡i DËi †cjvg Ñ nq‡Zv †Kv‡bv we‡`wk kw³i †_‡K| G‡ÿ‡Î b„‡c‡Yi Pie„wËi †KmUv eo bq, b„‡cY jvjevRv‡ii wd½viwcÖ›U G·cvU©| wd½viwcÖ‡›Ui `yB Avwe®‹Z©v AvwRRyj nK Avi †ng emyi mvÿvr wkl¨| jvjevRv‡i b„‡c‡Yi weK‡íi Afve †bB| wKš‘ Ab¨vb¨ ivRkw³i I‡K cÖ‡qvRb n‡Z cv‡i| hy‡×i Avï-m¤¢vebvi gv‡S wb‡Ri evwZj A¯¿I wK Ab¨ ivRkw³i nv‡Z Zz‡j w`‡Z Av‡Q! WvP, divwm ev †cv‡Z©‡`i b„‡c‡Yi Ici bRi _vKvUv G‡Kev‡iB Am¤¢e bq| ZvB b„‡c‡Yi GKUv ¸iæZ¡ wQjB| weªwUk fvi‡Z BsivR‡`i wbKUZg cÖwZØ›Øx divwm‡`i w`‡KB Avgvi bRi †Mj| Zviv b„‡cY‡K †c‡Z PvB‡eB| Zv‡`i Rb¨ GUv bZzb wKQy bq| Fwl Aiwe›` divmWv½v n‡q c`y‡Pwi‡Z †M‡Qb| bwjbx †mb¸ß †M‡Qb| Abykxjb mwgwZi A‡bK m`‡m¨i m‡½B c`y‡Pwii wbweo †hvM †_‡K‡Q| G‡K ¯^‡`wk, `yB. wd½viwcÖ›U G·cvU© b„‡cY‡K divwmiv †c‡Z PvB‡eB| wKš‘ mivmwi weªwUk Rjmxgvq Zviv nvgjv Pvjv‡e bv| ZvB Zviv Nyic_ wbj| wb‡R‡`i GK


Pi‡K RR© `¨ m¨vwfI‡i hvÎx mvwR‡q DwV‡q w`‡jv, Zvi bvg ivLnwi †Nvlvj| Zvi cwiP‡q hyMvšÍi cwÎKv ej‡Q †h, wZwb GKRb AjKUev`x w_‡qvmwd÷! †m-mgq w_‡qvmwd÷‡`i m‡½ b¨vkbvwj÷ †bZv‡`i Nwbô m¤úK©! ivLnwi †Nvlvj Zvi divwm Avi Aiwe›` †Nvl‡`i cÖfve LvwU‡q w_‡qvmwd÷‡`i KvMRcÎ †RvMvo K‡i _vK‡eb| Rvnv‡R Zv‡K †KD m‡›`n K‡iwb| w_‡qvmwd÷ †`vnvB w`‡q `vwo-cvMwoi wewPÎ mvRB evwK hvÎx‡`i m‡›`‡ni D‡`ªK Ki‡e bv| Ggwb‡ZB el©v †k‡li mgy`ª, S‡oi Avk¼vq Rvnv‡R †ewk †jvK nqwb| ivLnwi †Nvlvj Z‡° Z‡° iB‡jb, Rvnv‡R mvMi cvi n‡jv| KjKvZvgyLx RvnvRwUi m‡½ †gvjvKvZ n‡jv| Zvici cvivØx‡ci c~‡e© Avm‡ZB ivLnwi †Nvlvj Rvnv‡Ri `Lj wbj| m¤¢eZ b„‡cY ev‡` Rvnv‡Ri evwK mKj‡KB †m nZ¨v K‡i| GgbwK Kvßvb I¯Ív` gvmy`‡KI †m nZ¨v K‡i| ivLnwi †Nvlvj RvnvR Pvjv‡Z Rv‡bb bv, ev Rvb‡jI Zv‡Z KvR n‡e bv, KviY Rvnv‡Ri gvwS-gvjøv mK‡jB g„Z Ñ eqjvi iæ‡g †KD †bB| Zv‡Z mgm¨vI †bB, KviY Ñ †mŠwfK KvbvBPi‡Yi K_vi †LB a‡i ejj Ñ ZZÿ‡Y RvnvR c`y‡Pwi DB‡Ûi cvjøvq G‡m †M‡Q| Rvnv‡R †mªd cvj LvwU‡q w`‡Z cvi‡jB RvnvR ZiZi K‡i c`y‡Pwii Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q hv‡e| Ñ Kv‡i± c`y‡Pwii Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q hv‡e; wKš‘ c`y‡Pwi Aewa †cuŠQ‡e bv| lvU-mËi wKwg Av‡MB †_‡g hv‡e| Avi ivLnwi †Nvlvj PvB‡eI bv RvnvR wb‡q c`y‡Pwi e›`i Aewa †cuŠQ‡Z, KviY e›`‡i BsivR ¸ßPi _vKvi Avk¼v Av‡Q| ZvB RvnvR, RR© `¨ m¨vwfIi GLb c`y‡Pwi †_‡K gvBjlv‡UK `~‡i †_‡g Av‡Q| A‡cÿv Ki‡Q GKwU divwm bvI‡qi, †hwU wKQyÿ‡Yi g‡a¨ G‡m Dcw¯’Z n‡e ivLnwi †Nvlvj I PÆivR‡K D×vi Ki‡Z| GB GKwU gvÎ bvI R‡R©i hvÎvKv‡j c`y‡Pwi e›`i †_‡K iIbv w`‡qwQj| AvjKvZiv‡evSvB bvI| Av¸b jvMv‡bvi Rb¨ fvwi Dchy³ wRwbm| GKwU wc‡c Dcyo Ki‡jB RR©‡K h‡_ó Sj‡m †`Iqv m¤¢e| divwm bvIwU hvwš¿K †Mvj‡hv‡Mi ARynvZ wb‡q c`y‡Pwi‡Z wd‡i Av‡m| GB bvI‡ZB jywK‡q Av‡Q b„‡cY I ivLnwi| Avi bvI‡q GKwU wK `ywU AvjKvZivi wc‡c duvKv| m¤¢eZ e›`‡i cÖ‡e‡ki gy‡LB Avi ivLnwi divwm bvIwU Z¨vM K‡i evwK c_ muvZ‡i †bq| †mŠwfK ejj Ñ GB ch©šÍ †g‡b wb‡Z AvgviI AvcwË †bB| wKš‘ `y‡Uv cÖkœ †_‡K hv‡”Q| weªwUkiv mgy‡`ª Zjøvwk Pvjv‡j wK R‡R©i †cvov KvV Luy‡R †cZ bv? Ñ R‡R© †gv‡U `kRb hvÎx wQj, wZbRb mv`v Pvgov †gv‡U| weªwUkiv Lye †ewk Zjøvwk‡Z †Rvi †`qwb| R‡R©i AewkóvskI `wÿYgyLx †XD‡q †f‡m fviZ gnvmvM‡ii we¯Í…Z As‡k P‡j wM‡q _vK‡Z cv‡i| Ñ Zvn‡j wØZxq I †gvÿg cÖkœwU GB †h, c`y‡Pwi nvIqvi K_v GUj¨v‡m †bB, weªwUk †¯úkvj eªv Rv‡b bv, ïay wKQy bvweK †R‡b _vK‡Z cv‡i, †mUv GB wgw÷ªwiqvm ivLnwi †Nvlvj Kx K‡i Rvbj? †m wK †ckvq cÖK…Zc‡ÿ bvweK? †mŠwfK Rvb‡Z PvBj| Ñ Zv †Kb, Zvi m‡½ bvweK‡`i Bqvi‡`vw¯Í _vK‡Z cv‡i| bvweK‡`i m‡½ fve Rgv‡j A‡bK LeiB Rvbv hvq| w`w`gwY Rvnv‡Ri Lei wK ïay bvweKivB iv‡L? KvbvBPiY †iwR÷ªvi w`w`gwYi Kv‡Q Rvb‡Z PvB‡jb| Zvi Møv‡mi f`Kv DB_ jvBg KwW©qvj Avi GK‡duvUvI †bB| w`w`gwY Reve w`‡jb Ñ †Kb! Av`vi †ecvixivI Rvnv‡Ri Lei ivL‡Z cv‡i|

Ñ †`L †mŠwfK, †KmUv nv‡Z wb‡q †f‡ewQjvg, †KejgvÎ RvnvR nvwi‡q hvIqvi wgw÷ªUv mjf Ki‡jB h‡_ó| †mUv mj&f Ki‡Z wM‡q eySjvg, GUv RvnvR wgw÷ªi †Km bq| GUv Avm‡j ev‡Ni N‡i †Nv‡Mi evmv Avi †Nv‡Mi N‡i †dD‡qi evmvi †Km| †mŠwfK g‡`i †bkvq gv_v SuvwK‡q ejj, `yR‡b wg‡j Kx †h †nuqvwj KiQ, †Kv_vq evN wK‡mi †NvM Avi Av`vi †ecvixB ev Kx K‡i G‡jv| KvbvB ûBw¯‹i wØZxq †cMwU GK‡Xv‡K †L‡q ej‡jb, †hgbUv w`w` ej‡jb, bv Av`vi †ecvixivI Rvnv‡Ri Lei iv‡L, mgy‡`ªi nvjnwKKZ Rv‡b| Avi GB †K‡m GKRb Av`vi †ecvix Av‡Q| †m n‡jv b„‡cY PÆiv‡Ri Zz‡ZvfvB †gvnb emy| w`w`gwY ej‡jb Ñ †KvU© cÖwmwWs‡m Av‡Q †h, †gvnb emy wW‡d‡Ýi cÖ‡kœi Dˇi wLw`icy‡i Zvi Nwo mvivB‡qi †`vKvb| †mŠwfK D‡ËRbvq Aùz‡U wKQy kã K‡i DVj| Ñ B‡qm, †gvnb emyB Avm‡j ivLnwi †Nvlvj| †m Bsiv‡Ri ivRmvÿx n‡Z cv‡i; wKš‘ †m Avm‡j †gvÿg Wej G‡R›U| †m ¯^‡`wk, BsivR ivRmvÿx bq †m, Avm‡j divwm Pi| †m ¯^‡`wk‡`i wek¦vmNvZKZv K‡i BsivR mvÿx e‡b‡Q Avi BsivR‡`i wek¦vmNvZKZv K‡i divwm miKv‡ii Pi e‡b‡Q| BsivRiv ivRmvÿx evwb‡q b„‡cY‡K duvmv‡Z PvB‡e ey‡S †gvnb emy cÖ_‡g Bsiv‡Ri nv‡Z aiv †`q| Zvici Bsiv‡Ri `gbbxwZ‡K ay‡jv w`‡q ivRmvÿxi cÖ¯Ív‡e ivwR n‡q hvq| wKš‘ Zvi ivRmvÿx nIqvi †cQ‡b Avmj D‡Ïk¨ wQj Ab¨| †gvnb BsivR Awdmvi‡`i Nwbô n‡Z †P‡qwQj| †mŠwfK KvbvB‡qi K_vi m~Î a‡i ejj, Zv bv n‡j †m b„‡c‡Yi hvÎvi Lei †c‡Z cviZ bv| KviY †cv‡U©i †Kv‡bv bw_‡Z b„‡c‡Yi bvg †bB| hyMvšÍ‡ii weÁvc‡b hvÎx wn‡m‡e b„‡c‡Yi bvg †bB| wbðqB evQvB Kiv jvjevRv‡ii wKQy AwdmviB GB RvnvRhvÎvi Lei RvbZ| ivRmvÿx n‡q †gvnbI †Mvcb LeiwU †R‡b hvq| Ñ Gici Avi Kx! †gvnb emy‡K ivRmvÿx evbv‡Z †c‡i BsivRivI Lye Lywk n‡jv| b„‡cY‡K Kvjvcvwbi mvRv †`Iqv †Mj| Ab¨vb¨ ivRkw³ †_‡K b„‡cY‡K `~‡i ivLv hv‡e| †gvnb emyi bv‡g gv‡mvnviv avh© n‡jv| Gw`‡K b„‡cY‡K gvgywj Kvivevm †_‡K Kvjvcvwb Aewa †U‡b wb‡q †h‡Z †c‡i †gvnb emy wb‡RI †gvÿg Pvj w`‡jv| ev‡Ni N‡i †NvM, Avi †Nv‡Mi N‡i †dD| GBevi †gvnb emy Zvi Avmj †Lj †`Lv‡e| wLw`icy‡i Nwoi †`vKv‡bi m~‡Î †m c`y‡Pwi DBÛ m¤ú‡K© AewnZ wQj, I¯Ív` gvmy`‡KI †m wP‡b _vK‡e| myZivs †m ivLnwi †Nvlvj bv‡g RR© `¨ †mwfI‡ii wUwKU †K‡U †djj Avi evwKUv †Zv B‡Zvg‡a¨B e‡j w`‡qwQ| †mŠwfK ZzB Av‡iv wbwðšÍ n‡Z PvB‡j 1930-Gi c‡i c`y‡Pwii AvkÖ‡g Fwli wkl¨‡`i ZvwjKvUv GKUz †`‡L wbm| Avgvi aviYv, divwm mvwf©m †_‡K Aemi wb‡q b„‡cY Avi †gvnb AvkÖ‡gB cvKvcvwKfv‡e AvkÖq †bq| †mŠwfK nvZ Zz‡j ejj, jv÷ K‡g›U, GiciB wej wgwU‡q DVe, w`w`gwY‡K Wªc Ki‡Z n‡e| weªwUk †¯úkvj eªv GB †KmUv mjf Ki‡Z cvij bv! KvbvB †cø‡Ui jv÷ c‡KvovUv gy‡L cy‡i nvm‡jb, GKk eQ‡ii g‡a¨ jvjevRv‡i ïayB wK wWwRUvjvB‡Rkb, jvB‡eªwi Avi wgDwRqvg n‡q‡Q! †Kv-AwW©‡bkbUvI wK †eUvi nqwb? e‡j w`w`gwYi w`‡K ZvwK‡q wmwbqi B݇c±i KvbvBPiY Zvi mnKgx© †mŠwfK‡K ej‡jb, ZzB eis Av‡iKUv †cM gvi, w`w`gwY‡K AvR‡K AvwgB Wªc K‡i AvmwQ| r

61


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wjj mv‡n‡ei †gRvRUv AvR fqvbK Lvivc| mvg‡b hv‡K cv‡”Qb Zv‡KB a‡i ûgwKagwK, Po-Pvco †g‡i hv‡”Qb mgv‡b| A_P miKvwi Awd‡m Kv‡iv Mv‡q nvZ †Zvjv ixwZg‡Zv Am`vPi‡Yi kvwgj| wbN©vZ ¸iæ`Ð| †bnvZ Awd‡mi eoKZ©v, ZvB †KD mvnm K‡i Rwj‡ji gy‡Li Ici wKQy ej‡Z cv‡i bv| GB Awd‡mi †nWK¬vK© †Mvjvg KzÏym| `xN©w`b a‡i Av‡Q, eoB mv`vwm‡a †evKv‡mvKv gvbyl| mvZ P‡o iv K‡i bv| Avcbg‡b _v‡K| Nvo ¸u‡R bxi‡e KvR K‡i hvq| e¯‘Z †m Kv‡iv mvZcuv‡P †bB| ev, Awd‡mi †KD Zv‡K wek^vm ev mgx‡ni †hvM¨B g‡b K‡i bv| ejv evûj¨, Rwjj mv‡n‡ei me‡P‡q cQ‡›`i wkKvi KzÏym bv‡gi GB Ô†MvjvgÕ cÖK…wZi gvbylwU| e‡mi †gRvR weM‡o‡Q eyS‡jB Ab¨ mevB †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv Qy‡Zvq †K‡U c‡o| wKš‘ KzÏym †Kv_vI hvq bv| A‡bKUv f‡q ev Af¨v‡mi e‡k Rwjj mv‡n‡ei wÿß †gRv‡Ri mvg‡b wb‡R‡K †m †¯^”Qvq mu‡c †`q| †hb wemR©‡bB kvwšÍ, m‡¤¢v‡M bq| Avme m¨vi? Rwj‡ji N‡ii `iRv GKUz †g‡j a‡i †_uZv‡bv Mjvq †Kv‡bvg‡Z ej‡Z cvij GKvšÍ eva¨MZ †nWK¬vK© †Mvjvg KzÏym| †m Rv‡b, m¨vi Zv‡K AvR Avi Av¯Í ivL‡e bv| mKvj‡ejvB m¨v‡ii †gRvRUv †hgb AwMœùzwj‡½i g‡Zv jvdv‡”Q! Avm‡e gv‡b! G‡mB †Zv c‡oQ? Kx PvB e‡jv| †evKv Mvav †Kv_vKvi! †nu‡o Mjvq †LuwK‡q DV‡jb Rwjj mv‡ne| em wn‡m‡e Zvi KzL¨vwZ me©Rbwew`Z| Ggb Lo&Mn¯Í e`‡gRvwR Awdmvi wWcvU©‡g‡›U Avi †bB| eq‡m Rwj‡ji †P‡q KzÏym AšÍZ ev‡iv eQ‡ii eo| Pzj Zvi is e`‡j‡Q| KuvPvcvKv Pz‡ji wg‡k‡j †Kgb †hb Amnvq fve dz‡U I‡V KzÏy‡mi †Pnvivq| bvwK †Kivwbiv †`L‡Z GgbB nq! ey¨‡ivµ¨vwm‡Z GKUv ev‡R e¨vcvi Pvjy Av‡Q| eq‡mi dvivK hZB †nvK, Aa¯Íb‡K Abvqv‡m bvg a‡i ZzB-Zzwg ejv †hb e‡mi

62

mne‡Zi g‡a¨ c‡o| Zv †m ev‡ci eqmx n‡jI| KzÏym Aek¨ Zv‡Z Ggb wKQy g‡b K‡i bv| GUvB †hb wbqg| IciAjvi †Mvjvwg Ki‡e e‡jB nq‡Zv evc Zvi bvg †i‡LwQj †Mvjvg KzÏym| WvK bv co‡j Rwj‡ji iæ‡g †m Lye GKUv hvq bv; wKš‘ AvR `iKviUv LvwbK ¸iæZi| †g‡qUvi R¦i| iv‡Z Lye evovevwo nq, mKv‡j Nvg w`‡q R¦i Qv‡o| Avevi we‡K‡j ev‡o| †ek Kw`b Ggb hv‡”Q| AwWU kvLvi iæûj mv‡ne ejj i³cixÿv Kiv‡Z| mgqUv fv‡jv bq| †W½y‡U½y euvav‡j ZLb wec‡` co‡e| †g‡q gqbv Lye evc-†bIUv| ev‡ci nv‡Z Qvov Ilya Lv‡e bv| Zvi Kv‡QB †g‡qi hZ Ave`vi-Avn¬v`| gqbv AvR Lye K‡i e‡j‡Q, hw` cv‡iv †Zv GKUz Av‡Mfv‡M evmvq G‡mv| Avi-GKUv K_v Ñ †Kgb GK AvKzwZ wb‡q gqbv ejj| Kx K_v gv, e‡jv Kx Avbe? †g‡qi Kcv‡j †mœ‡ni nvZ iv‡L †Mvjvg KzÏym| †Zgb wKQy bv evev| hw` cv‡iv Avmvi c‡_ jUKb wb‡q G‡mv| Avi GK nvwj KvMwR †jey| ZvRv †`‡L| Lye †L‡Z B”Qv Ki‡Q| K_v¸‡jv hLb ejwQj gqbv, Ii `y‡Pv‡L †Kgb `xwß dz‡U DVj| †hb


AjsKiY : Ave`ym kvKzi R¦i‡fv‡Mi wK¬óZv Avi †bB| Sj‡m DV‡Q ˆkk‡ei Av‡jv| GZ wb®úvc Avi cÖv‡Yv”Qj †`L‡Z! KzÏy‡mi Lye B”Qv KiwQj GKUv w`b AšÍZ Amy¯’ †g‡qi cv‡k _v‡K| AcZ¨‡mœ‡n nvZ eywj‡q †`q gqbvi Mv‡j, Kcv‡j, wc‡V| e‡mi Svwo †L‡q Avmj K_vUvB ej‡Z fz‡j †M‡Q| ev ejv DwPZ wKbv, ZvB fve‡Q KzÏym| Ii Avi-GK †`vl Ñ †gv‡UI wg_¨v ej‡Z cv‡i bv| ZvB fz‡j hvIqvi fvb K‡i| Gi bvg cjvqbciZv| wb‡Ri Kv‡QB wb‡R‡K jywK‡q ivLv| AvR‡Ki Rgvbvq `y-Pvi‡U wg‡_¨ bv ej‡j P‡j, ejyb| e`‡gRvwR Rwjj KzÏy‡mi †Pv‡L †PvL iv‡Lb| Av¸bMjvq ej‡jb, Kx n‡jv, Agb eyie‡Ki g‡Zv †P‡q Av‡Qv †Kb? e‡jv, wK Rb¨ G‡mQ? Gÿzwb e‡jv, bB‡j †Zvgv‡K mvm‡cÛ Kie| GwmAv‡ii ev‡ivUv evRve| PvKwi hv‡e, †cbkbI cv‡e bv| eD-†cvjvcvb wb‡q c‡_ em‡e, eyS‡j †eqv‡°j! m¨vi, jUKb| eviK‡qK †XvK wM‡j nVvrB ejj ekse` †Kivwb †Mvjvg KzÏym| †MvjvwgUv †hb Zvi Aw¯’g¾vq wg‡k †M‡Q| LuvPvq †cviv cvwLi g‡Zv| gyw³i ¯^v`UvB hLb fz‡j hvq, LuvPvi †QvÆ †Niv‡Uvc gy³ K‡i w`‡jI †m I‡o bv| fq cvq| bq‡Zv eÇ Avjm¨ †c‡q e‡m|

†nvqvU! jUKvb gv‡b Kx! Avgvi m‡½ BqvwK© gvi‡Qv! e`gvk! Avwg †Zvgvi PvKwi Lve| LveB| Rv‡bv bv, e‡mi mvg‡b Avi †Nvovi †cQ‡b Kÿ‡bv †h‡Z †bB! Uj‡Z-Uj‡Z e‡mi iæg †_‡K †ewi‡q Av‡m KzÏym| evmvq Amy¯’ †g‡qi K_v, GKUz Rjw` evmvq †divi cÖ‡qvRb Ñ †Kv‡bvUvB Zvi g‡b _v‡K bv| †egvjyg fz‡j hvq| mwZ¨, AvgjvZš¿ gvbyl‡K †Kgb Kvcyiæl evwb‡q †`q| KzÏy‡mi AwdmUv gwZwSj GjvKvq| †f‡ewQj, GKUz Av‡M wdi‡Z cvi‡j evsjv‡`k e¨vs‡Ki wb‡P †h A¯’vqx †`vKvb e‡m, †mLvb †_‡K gqbvi Rb¨ ZvRv †`‡L jUKvb wKb‡e| m‡Ü DZ‡i †M‡j evRvi _v‡K bv| jUKvb ev †jey †Kv‡bvUvB Avi cvIqv hv‡e bv ZLb| eÇ gb Lvivc n‡jv KzÏy‡mi| †Kivwb e‡j wK †m gvbyl bq! Zvi eywS Kó †c‡Z †bB! ev †g‡qi Rb¨ gbLvivc! Ggb †Mvjvwg †L‡U Kx jvf! Ab_©K Qv‡cvlv Rxeb! LvwbK ev‡` iæûj mv‡ne ejj, fvqv, GKUz‡ZB Agwb †PvU †c‡j Pj‡e! `ywbqvUv †Zvgvi k^ïievwo eywS! hvI, m¨v‡ii †gRvR GLb kvšÍ| my‡hvM ey‡S g‡bi K_vUv e‡j G‡mv| m¨vi‡K hZ KwVb g‡b nq, Avm‡j ZZUv bq| IUv Zvi †Lvjm| Rv‡bv †Zv, m¨v‡ii `yKz‡j †KD †bB| †Q‡jcy‡j nqwb| ï‡bwQ Iui ¯¿xI we‡kl Nigy‡Lv bq| m¨vi eÇ GKv| Agwb GKLvbv †jRyo Ry‡o w`‡jv AwWU kvLvi mnKvix iæûj Avwgb| m¨vi Avme? I KzÏym? G‡mv G‡mv| e‡jv Kx ej‡e? m¨vi †hb web‡qi AeZvi| GB Rwjj‡K wK †m †P‡b! KZ f`ª kvšÍ ¯^‡i K_v ej‡Qb! Avm‡j G‡KKRb gvby‡li †fZi KZ gvbyl jywK‡q _v‡K Zvi BqËv †bB| KzÏym †g‡qi Ave`v‡ii K_vUv ej‡Z hv‡e, wVK ZLbB †dvb G‡jv| GKevi bq, evievi| Kx n‡jv KzÏym? evievi †K †Zvgv‡K WvK‡Q? a‡iv †dvbUv| Rwjj mv‡ne ej‡jb| Gev‡i Zvi K‡É e¨vcK Mv¤¢xh©| GKUz Av‡Mi †mB wgóZv †hb Avi †bB| KzÏym mnmvB fq †c‡q hvq| Rwjj mv‡n‡ei myi I ¯^‡ii GB IVvbvgv Zvi A‡Pbv bq| Avevi wLuP‡iv‡eb wZwb| PvB wK ao †_‡K gyÐz Avjv`v K‡i †dj‡eb| bv gv‡b m¨vi Ñ †ZvZjvq KzÏym| ey¨‡ivµ¨vwm‡Z Aa¯Íb‡`i GUv GKiKg †c‡U›U Kiv we‡nwfqvi Ñ hvi A_© Avwg `ytwLZ m¨vi| Gev‡ii g‡Zv gvd K‡i w`b| GB bvK-Kvb gyjwQ| Avi KL‡bv n‡e bv| ej‡Z †bB, Rwjj wKš‘ gvd K‡ibwb| ¯^‡i `y‡e©va¨Zv †X‡j ej‡jb, ey‡ov eq‡m †cÖg‡Uª‡g c‡ovwb †Zv KzÏym! mveavb! bvix Avi

63


bi‡Ki `~iZ¡ wKš‘ Lye †ewk bq| GKUz wX‡j w`‡q‡Qv wK, †m †Zvgv‡K cvZv‡j †U‡b bvgv‡e| †evKv‡mvKv gvbyl KzÏym| GB K_vi gv‡b Kx †m †ev‡S bv| wdK K‡i †n‡m ejj, Avgvi †g‡q gqbv †dvb K‡i‡Q m¨vi| Kw`b a‡i Ii Lye R¦i| †g‡qUv GKUz jUKvb †L‡Z †P‡qwQj| †g‡nievwb K‡i m¨vi hw` GKUz Av‡M †Q‡o w`‡Zb! Agwb †LuwK‡q I‡Vb Rwjj| hv bq ZvB e‡j GKiKg Miæ‡cUv K‡i Zvwo‡q †`b Awd‡mi wek^¯Í †Kivwb †Mvjvg KzÏym‡K| GB e‡j kvmv‡jb, nv‡Zi KvR †cwÛs †i‡L Awdm wjf Ki‡j mwZ¨-mwZ¨ Zv‡K Gevi eiLv¯Í Ki‡eb| IciAjvI euvPv‡Z cvi‡e bv| e¨m n‡q †Mj! †g‡q gqbvi R¦iZß gyLLvbv kZ‡Póv K‡iI Avi g‡b Ki‡Z cvij bv KzÏym| jUKvb `~‡i _vK, †jeyI Zvi gMR †_‡K DavI| GKUvB fvebv Ñ nv‡Zi KvR¸‡jv me †kl Ki‡Z cvi‡e †Zv! `iKvi co‡j ivZfi KvR Ki‡e| PvKwi e‡j K_v| we‡Kj Mwo‡q mܨv| cy‡iv Awdm duvKv| mevB †h hvi g‡Zv evmvq P‡j †M‡Q| ïay GKjv e‡m Kjg wcl‡Q Rwjj mv‡n‡ei me‡P‡q cQ‡›`i wkKvi †Mvjvg KzÏym| †jey-jUKvb Pz‡jvq hvK, PvKwi euvPv‡bv diR| †Mvjv‡gi †Mvjvwg †M‡j _vKj Kx! Iw`‡K Amy¯’ †g‡qUv c_‡P‡q e‡m Av‡Q Ñ evev Zvi Rb¨ jUKb wb‡q wdi‡e| †m byb-gwiP †g‡L Av‡qk K‡i Lv‡e| Avi †jeyi kieZ| m‡½ †ewk K‡i wPwb| Wv³vi Av‡¼j e‡j‡Qb, †jey-wPwbi kieZ †L‡j Mv‡q ZvMZ Av‡m| †ivMevjvB `~‡i hvq| ivZ ZLb cÖvq GMv‡ivUv| †Pv‡ii g‡Zv PzwcPzwc evmvq †Xv‡K KzÏym| G‡Zv iv‡Z †jey ev jUKvb †Kv‡bvUvB cvIqv †Mj bv| Zvi eD bvRgv †eMg DrKY© n‡q wQj Ñ KLb wdi‡e †g‡qi evev| wZbR‡bi msmv‡i GB †jvKwU †h Lye `iKvwi| ïay iæwU-iæwRi Rb¨ bq, gvbylUv‡K eÇ fv‡jvev‡m bvRgv| Ggb wbcvU fv‡jvgvbyl Avi cv‡e †Kv_vq! G‡Zv †`wi Ki‡j †h! c‡_ †Kv‡bv Sv‡gjv nqwb †Zv! bvRgvi

64

K‡É e¨vKzjZv| KviY Zvi ¯^vgxwU †h †bnvZB fv‡jvgvbyl G-K_v ARvbv bq Zvi| gv‡S gv‡S fv‡e, GB Rvgvbvq Ggb gvbyl APj cqmvi g‡ZvB weo¤^bvi| gqbv ZZÿ‡Y Nywg‡q c‡o‡Q| fvwM¨m †R‡M †bB, Zvn‡j eÇ j¾vq c‡o †hZ †Mvjvg KzÏym| evev wn‡m‡e Zvi GB Amg_©Zv jyKv‡Zv †Kv_vq! MíUv GLv‡bB †kl n‡Z cviZ| Zv‡Z gqbvi R¦i ev KzÏy‡mi PvKwii we‡kl †Kv‡bv ÿwZ n‡Zv bv| wKš‘ `ywbqvUv †h GL‡bv AZUv Lvivc n‡q hvqwb| ciw`b mvZmKv‡j KzÏy‡mi `iRvq Kj‡ej ev‡R| †PvL KPjv‡Z-KPjv‡Z D‡V Av‡m KzÏym wb‡RB| bvRgv A‡bK ivZ K‡i Nywg‡q‡Q| eDUv‡K GKUz wekÖvg †`Iqv `iKvi| G Kx! Kx †`L‡Q KzÏym! G-¯^cœ bvwK mwZ¨! Awd‡mi cÖej civµgkvjx em Rwjj mv‡ne †`vi‡Mvovq `uvwo‡q| Zvi nv‡Z †jey Avi jUKv‡bi `y‡Uv c¨v‡KU| w¯§Z †n‡m ej‡jb, †Zvgvi †g‡q †Kgb Av‡Q KzÏym? R¦i K‡g‡Q †Zv! ZzwgI †hgb †evKv! e‡jwQ e‡jB wK Amy¯’ †g‡q‡K †d‡j †i‡L Awd‡mi Kv‡R gyL Wzwe‡q ivL‡e! RxweKv Ñ †m †Zv Rxe‡bi Rb¨B| RxebUv‡K †mwj‡eªU Ki‡Z †k‡Lv| ZwoZvn‡Zi g‡Zv ¯’wei `uvwo‡q KzÏym| †hb Zvi wek^vmB n‡Z Pvq bv| m¨vi G‡m‡Qb Zvi †g‡q‡K †`L‡Z! ZvI Avevi †jey-jUKb wb‡q! GI wK m¤¢e? Rwjj †evanq Zvi Aa¯Í‡bi g‡bi K_v †Ui †c‡qwQ‡jb| weoweo K‡i ¯^M‡Zvw³i g‡Zv ej‡jb Ñ Ggb GKUv †g‡q hw` Avgvi _vK‡Zv! RxebUv Zvn‡j GZ `ye©n g‡b n‡Zv bv| †evKv‡mvKv KzÏym Kx eySj †K Rv‡b| †m Zvi e‡mi Mjv bKj K‡i †ek fve wb‡q ejj (cÖwZw`b Rwjj mv‡ne †hgb e‡j), Avmyb, Avmyb| †fZ‡i Avmyb| gqbv Avcbv‡K †`‡L Lye Lywk n‡e| †jey-jUKvb Ii †eRvq cQ›`| In&, ZvB P‡jv| nv‡Zi †P‡Uvq euv-†PvLUv gy‡Q wb‡jb Rwjj mv‡ne| r


KweZv

I‡Vv, Avgvi bvI‡q I‡Vv †evinvbDwÏb Lvb Rvnv½xi

mvivivZ bvI‡q evwZ R¡j‡e So G‡j ev`vg bvwg‡q †`e Zzwg Avgvi cv‡k ¸wUmywU n‡q e‡m _vK‡e Avi gvwUi Pzjvq fvZ ewm‡q †`‡e| I‡Vv, Avgvi bvI‡q I‡Vv Avgiv A‡bK`~i hve A‡bK A‡bK b`x †cwi‡q †QvUe‡ov b`x †cwi‡q †Zvgvi Mjv Rwo‡q Avgiv So †`Le †Zvgvi Kuv_v Mv‡q Rwo‡q Avgiv bKkxKuv_v eybe| fv‡jvevmvi bKkxKuv_v Zzwg Avgv‡K Dcnvi †`‡e Avi Avwg †Zvgv‡K Dcnvi †`e wbSzg Øx‡ci kvwo| I‡Vv, Avgvi bvI‡q I‡Vv, Avgv‡`i A‡bK`~i wekvj `~i cvi n‡Z n‡e|

G Avwg Ab¨ †KD Lv‡j` †nvmvBb AvRKvj Avgv‡K Avi Avgvi g‡Zv †`Lv‡”Q bv| mevB fve‡Q, Avwg Ab¨ †KD| b›` Ab¨fv‡e Pzj QuvU‡Q| eviv›`vq `uvwo‡q Pg‡K DVwQ Ñ †`vjbPuvcv Mv‡Q dz‡U _vK‡Q †ewj ev RuyB| Ab¨ GKUv WvBwbs †Uwe‡j e‡m Ab¨-Kv‡iv †eªKdv÷ KiwQ| evmvi mvg‡b `uvwo‡q _vK‡Q Ab¨Mvwo| WªvBfv‡ii bvg wcqvm bq, Aveyj| Avwg I‡K ZvjevMv‡b †h‡Z ej‡j wb‡q hvq weµgcyi| Ab¨ GKUv Awd‡m hvB| Ab¨me KvR Kwi| mB Kwi Ab¨ GKUv bvg| Ab¨me mnKgx©, Ab¨iKg Av`e-mner| †b‡g Avwm Ab¨ GKUv wjd‡U| Ab¨ GKUv evwo‡Z Xz‡K cwo| Ab¨ GKUv ev_iæ‡g mœvb Kwi| Ab¨me Lvevi-`vevi LvB| ivZ evo‡j Ab¨ GKUv weQvbvq ï‡q cwo| Avwg avZ¯’ nevi Av‡M Ab¨-†KD G‡m Avgv‡K gyL¯’ K‡i †d‡j|

AjsKiY : me¨mvPx nvRiv

I‡Vv, Avgvi bvI‡q I‡Vv Avgiv A‡bK`~i hve cÙv †cwi‡q †gNbv †cwi‡q|

65


A`vn¨ kZiƒcv mvb¨vj mgy‡`ªi †XD‡q †XD‡q †f‡m Av‡m †hgb KvwQg evwj †Luv‡o wWg †`q Zvi ci †f‡m hvq †di hLb mgq nq KvwQg wkïiv wWg fv‡O Kxfv‡e mgq nq Rvwb bv Kx K‡i cvq †Ui| †f‡m Avmv Rxe‡bi e„ËUzKz cwic~Y© nq R‡j ¯’‡j †mZz M‡o Wvbv †gjv cÖv‡Yi A¼zi Kx w`‡q †cvov‡e Zv‡K? aŸsm Ki‡e wK‡mi Av¸‡b? A`vn¨ A‡”Q`¨ †m †Zv Ñ hv‡K fv‡ev wbZvšÍ f½yi!

fweZ‡e¨i †eov gvneye mvw`K †Q‡o hv‡”Q gq~‡ii g‡Zv bxj cÖkvwšÍ Avgvi, mvg‡b i‡q‡Q c‡o wbtm½Zvi w`KwPýnxb weg~Z© †LZ-Lvgvi Ñ GiB ga¨ w`‡q e‡q †M‡Q evsjvi weL¨vZ b`x Z‡e Zvi Zx‡i g‡i †M‡Q dbd‡b AvK‡›`i Svo, †Kej el©vqB Zvwg‡V Rjvavi Ñ Avi ZLb ev`vg Dwo‡q Av‡m `yt‡Li fiv bvI; hZ Avwg mij Avi wb®úvc †Pv‡L †`wL mewKQz ev¯Í‡ei †bŠKv Zey †h‡Z _v‡K Gw`K-Iw`K KL‡bv-ev AvKvk cv‡bB Ñ Z‡e wK GKv‡ji gvjøviv me K‡l K‡é Uv‡b `ynv‡Zi †KŠkjx Luv‡R Ges ¯^cœ †`‡L ebexw_i †fZi w`‡q e„wó gv_vq D‡o hv‡e wb‡R‡`i Kvw•ÿZ †Wivq? G‡K G‡K †Q‡o hv‡”Q me; SvDe‡bi †fZi w`‡q kbk‡b we‡K‡ji nvIqv AK¯§vr _g‡K †M‡Q AvR fvwi Avi LuvRKvUv Kv‡jv †g‡N †Q‡q †M‡Q cÖmbœ AvKvk Ñ Avi †b‡gI G‡m‡Q Lye wb‡P, †Kv_vI evZvm †bB Ñ †Kej ga¨iv‡ZI duvKv Avgvi †kveviNi †hb giv †RvQbvi meyR R‡j Wz‡e nuvmduvm Ki‡Q k^vm †bevi R‡b¨; †Q‡o hv‡”Q gq~‡ii g‡Zv bxj cÖkvwšÍ Avgvi, wb‡f †M‡Q mܨvi †Mvjvwc AvKv‡ki wcÖq bxj Zviv Ñ mvg‡b i‡q‡Q c‡o w`KwPýnxb wbtm½ Auvavi Avi Av¸bgvLv GK †NvijvMv fweZe¨ Avgvi \

66


Pzc kãwU GLv‡bB †cvnvq †iv` mv‡R`yj AvDqvj D`¨v‡bi e„nr e„¶¸‡jvi w`‡K ZvKv‡ZB †`wL Wv‡j Wv‡j `yj‡Q _g_‡g `ycy‡ii bxie wbR©bZv| nVvr †K †hb e‡j DV‡jv : në, nvZ †Zv‡jv! _ZgZ †L‡q `uvwo‡q cwo| †K †hb nvZKov civ‡jv nv‡Z; Gu‡U w`‡jv gy‡L Kzjyc Ñ ej‡jv : fz‡j hvI †Zvgvi bvg, gy‡Li fvlv, hv wKQz †kLv‡bv n‡q‡Q †Zvgv‡K mg¨K Ávb e‡j †Kv‡bv wKQyB jvM‡e bv Kv‡R GLv‡b; GLv‡b †bB Aaiv †Kv‡bv wKQyi wbevm Ñ ïay wbtkã N‡l Mv‡Qi ¸uwo‡Z Zvi Mv! GLv‡b ïayB Rvwi Av‡Q wbR©bZvi fvlv|

Ck¦ix ¯§i‡Y

G fvlvq †bB †Kv‡bv e¨Äb wKsev ¯^ieY©, †bB A_© Drcv`b K‡i Ggb †Kv‡bv kã ev evK¨ivwR| myiwRr `vk¸ß GLv‡b ïayB AwfbxZ nq wew¯§Z nevi cvjv; GLv‡b †KejB Db¥bv g‡bi QovQwo; euvPvUv‡K hviv M‡o Zz‡jwQj gnr wkíKvh© Zb¥q kãwU GLv‡bB cv Qwo‡q e‡m _v‡K ZvivI hLb P‡j hvq me †`Lv-†kvbv-†Quvqv Qvwo‡q mviv D`¨vbRy‡o| mwZ¨ wK Zviv c„w_exi Kv‡Q G‡Kev‡i hvq nvwi‡q? GUvB Zv n‡j m‡Z¨i †kl fv‡M¨i Øviv avh©? bv Ni bv msmvi bv †jvKvjq, †Kv_vI Luy‡R cv‡e bv wb‡R‡K G‡ZvUv Ñ GLv‡b G‡jB †Kej †`L‡e : †Zvgv‡Z cyiæl, †Zvgv‡Z bvix, cÖK…wZI Zzwggq; †`L‡e Ñ Pzc kãwU GLv‡bB †cvnvq †iv`; GLv‡bB M‡j M‡j c‡o mg~n mgq!

w`b c‡i w`b euvPvi jovB K‡ói e‡ov †bnvZB| Gi PvKv †_‡K gyw³ †Kv_vq g¯Í GKUv fvebv DËi eû gnvRb K‡i‡Qb KZ mvabv Lyu‡R ARvbv ïayB bv-Rvbv †_‡K‡Q, Auvav‡i Ave„Z wbevwZ| euvPv †kl n‡j ¯§iYB nq‡Zv gyw³i †kl wbkvbv Zey Kv‡iv Kv‡iv euvPvUvB †hb bZzb iKg gyw³ K‡ói †kl, A‡kl A_P fv‡jvevmv Avi ù‚wZ© ¯^cœI G‡m †_‡g hvq, gv‡b, GB ZK Zvi mxgvbv| euvPvUv‡K Zviv Drme †g‡b `yÕnv‡Z K‡i‡Q cvjb, fv‡jvevmv w`‡q fwi‡q w`‡q‡Q euvPvi cÖwZwU mgq, euvPv gv‡b ïay fv‡jvevmv Ñ GB GKUvB ïay welq, GKUvB Kv‡R GKUvB eª‡Z cy‡ivUv Rxeb hvcb| 67


ˆekvL gviædzj Bmjvg †mvbvi cvj‡¼ ï‡q Av‡Q VvKzigvi Szwji Kb¨v euvafvOv Pz‡j Zvi Kx evnvi †XD †Zv‡j iƒcKvwnwbi eb¨v †g‡Ni †Nvovq P‡o Avm‡e wK Wvwjg Kzgvi Kvj‡ev‡k‡Li DošÍ †Kk‡i Zxinviv ¯^‡cœi `yišÍ cvivcvi †e‡`wbi `xNj Kwoi Rv`ygš¿e‡j Mv‡Oi evZvm nvwi‡q‡Q c_ e‡jv cvš’, †Kvb w`M‡šÍ wVKvbv wj‡L‡Q †Zvgvi AwekÖvšÍ w`e¨i_ GB g„wËKvi i‡Ü« i‡Ü« †cÖg Zvi ey‡b‡Q Rxeb-exR evûe‡Ü Aj¼vi wek¦v‡mi cÖvPxb ZvweR Zv‡K Avwg cvV w`B cÖ_g fv‡jvevmvi abavb¨cy®úfiv Avgv‡`i †mvbvi evsjvi GLv‡b Puv‡`i eywo _yÌywo PiKvq my‡Zv †K‡U hvq †R¨vrmœvi mvMi dz‡j-†du‡c I‡V D‡Vv‡b D‡Vv‡b gv`y‡ii weQvbvq kxZjcvwUi KviæKv‡h© eY©gq wbqwgZ wb`ªvi Av‡ek ARmª cÖv‡Yi ¯ú‡k© isaby n‡q †R‡M _v‡K GB evsjv‡`k b`xi †fZ‡i b`x Zvi AvKv‡k AvKv‡k cvj‡Zvjv cvwL †bŠ‡Kvi MjyB †XD‡q †XD‡q †eu‡a iv‡L ivwL Kv‡K e‡j †cÖg Avi Kvi bvg cÖxwZ G‡mv †n wek¦evmx, wbqgbxwZ cv‡k †i‡L †`‡L hvI †muv`vMÜgq ixwZ 68

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73


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74

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PvB GK †cqvjv cvc †m ej‡j, Avwg hv PvB Zv Avm‡j AcÖvc¨| †gŠjfx Avwg PvB GK †cqvjv cvc, †MjvmfwZ© `ybx©wZ| KzPKz‡P Kv‡jv AÜKvi †gkv‡bv wKQy Kv`v, hv †_‡K evbv‡bv †h‡Z cv‡i GKwU g~wZ©| †m AvK…wZ‡Z n‡e gvby‡li g‡Zv| Zvi _vK‡e Kv‡Vi evû I L‡oi Pzj| Zvi gyLMnŸi n‡e g¯Íeo| _vK‡e bv †Kv‡bv `šÍivwR| †Pnvivmyi‡Z cÖwZdwjZ n‡e KzrwmZ Awfe¨w³| cÖ‡jvfb Zv‡K cÖ‡ivwPZ Ki‡e Zver wb‡lavÁv †f‡O 75


†dj‡Z| KzuPKv‡bv jjv‡U Zvi ˆZwi n‡e GKwU Ôj¾vRbK cÖZ¨½Õ| Zvi †PvL`ywU i³vf wkLv †hb| GKwU ZvwK‡q _vK‡e mvivÿY ¯^‡Y©i _wji w`‡K| Ab¨wU LuyR‡e kh¨vq wg_y‡b gMœ nIqvi wdwKi| gy‡Lvk cwieZ©b Ki‡e †m eY©‡Pviv wMiwMwUi g‡Zv Anin| wcQj Bj gv‡Qi g‡Zv Zvi ürwcÐ n‡e `ywU| †m evo‡Z _vK‡e ˆ`Z¨vK…wZi e„ÿkvLvi g‡Zv| Zvici †m Avm‡e Avgvi Kv‡Q †mªd wbcxo‡bi Awmjvq| Zvi wefxwlKvi weiæ‡× Avwg wPrKv‡i cÖwZev` Ki‡ev; Ges gvbyl bv‡gi GK `vbeg~wZ© Avgv‡K kv‡q¯Ív Ki‡e Akøxj wLw¯Í-†LD‡o| Avi Avwg hLb ZvKv‡ev Zvi †Pv‡L ... jvRyKfv‡e wb®úvc fw½‡Z Avwg bxi‡e wb‡R‡K kvmb Ki‡Z Ki‡Z ej‡ev Ñ Ô`¨v‡Lv †g‡q, Kxfv‡e mvivwU Rxeb Zzwg Kvgbv K‡iwQ‡j ÔAv`gÕ, Avi Gevi cvIwb Kx Ñ Zzwg hv †P‡qwQ‡j|Õ

wkKomy× DrcvU‡bi FZz mgq n‡q‡Q wkKomy× Pviv DrcvU‡bi dzj bv dzU‡j Kx Ggb Av‡m-hvq Ñ Kv‡¯Í-wbovwb wb‡q G‡mv Z¡iv K‡i GKwU wUDwjcI †hb †invB bv cvq| nvm‡Q evwMPv cy‡®úi P›`ªKjvq †K †`‡L‡Q G †nb AvPiY K`vwc †Kv‡bv Kv‡j, Nv‡mi meyR wMjvd cv‡q gvwo‡q Ry‡Zvi Qvc Gu‡K w`‡”Qv cy‡®úi Kcv‡j| dzjfv‡i by‡q co‡Q cÖwZwU kvLv cÎcjø‡e `xß n‡”Q m„wói Awf‡lK, eY©vX¨ cÖ`k©bx iæL‡Z kc_ wb‡q‡Qv Ly‡j †dj‡Qv e„ÿNvZ‡Ki QÙ †fK| 76


evwMPvq wb‡q G‡m‡Qv wKwiP GK aviv‡jv we× Ki‡Qv dz‡ji Awÿ‡MvjK Ñ Kv‡jv wmqv c`©v †d‡j iæ‡L w`‡”Qv Av‡jv| Rj †X‡j w`‡”Qv Avgv‡`i evmbvi ewý cÖR¡j‡b †`Lvi g‡Zv GKwU †PvLI Avi ivL‡e bv Aewkó, Li‡Mvk Lv‡e bv Nvm Ñ nwiYI †jvc cv‡e e‡b| fq nq Ñ bvwm©mv‡mi `ybx©wZ µgvš^‡q we¯Í…Z n‡e me©Î eÜ K‡i †`‡e †mvbvwj LyÄvq cÖwZdj‡bi †`Lb`vwi, AvZ¥iwZ ebvbx AwZµg K‡i Qov‡e Rbc‡`i hÎZÎ De©i Rwg‡b Avi n‡e bv Pvl Ñ wkK‡o Xvjv hv‡e bv evwi| e„ÿ‡K †Mvovq RyZg‡Zv KvU‡Z bv cvi‡j Kz‡ov‡ji gh©v`vB-ev Kx, g¨vc‡ji Wv‡j †hb bxo euva‡Z cv‡i bv †Kv‡bv †LPi evwZ R¦vjv‡Z cv‡i bv †RvbvwK| Avgvi KweZv I ey‡bv cyw`bv enb Ki‡Q evZ©v I myiwf, G‡`i eb¨msMx‡Z †hb bv ev‡R Av‡›`vj‡bi `y›`ywf| ü`q Avgvi mey‡Ri †P‡qI AwaK mRxe Avgvi Aw¯Í‡Z¡i RjKv`v †_‡K Rb¥vq cÖm~b mZZ Zv‡`i K‡i w`‡Z PvI †mŠifwi³ K¬xe| hw` nI Zzwg evmšÍx evnv‡ii `ykgb, `uvov‡Z w`I bv Avgv‡K hy‡S hvI †n ZiæNvZK, hy× K‡iv Avgvi weiæ‡× cÖvYcY|

Avgvi ¯^‡`k‡K Qy‡o w`I bv evZv‡m †µv‡ai ev®ú hw` nq Av‡iv DËß AwMœ †g‡N †Q‡q hvq Rb¥f‚wgi AvKvk, ay‡jvevwj‡Z †X‡K hv‡e †Zvgvi mgvwadjK †SvcSv‡oi wSuwS †cvKviv n‡e iæ×k^vm| wLw¯Í-†LD‡o K‡i hv‡”Qv Rxe‡bi Avqyÿq †Zvgvi A‡kvfb AvPiY AvR Ñ e¨½-we`ªƒ‡ci welq| AnsKv‡i fvix n‡q‡Q g¯ÍK †Zvgvi nvwi‡q wek^vm n‡q‡Qv Lj, K`©‡g wbgw¾Z n‡j nvwZI nq nxbej| eÜ K‡iv Ñ ¯^‡`‡ki mv‡_ e¨wfPvi wnsmv nvbvnvwb NvZcÖwZNvZ, eÜ K‡iv Ñ m„wói †Pv‡L hv Sivq AkÖæ Ah_v i³cvZ| †Zvgv‡K PvB bv w`‡Z Avwg Awfkvc kÎæi hvZbvqI Avgvi ü`‡q R‡g mšÍvc| †Zvgvi nq‡Zv B”Qv n‡e Avgv‡K RxešÍ cywo‡q †dj‡Z wKsev Lyb Ki‡Z Qy‡o cv_i, wKš‘ †R‡b iv‡Lv Ñ †Zvgvi nv‡Zi wkjv ev w`qvkjvB‡qi wkLv Avgvi kix‡i n‡e †mªd AKvh©Ki| 77


G‡m c‡owQ mo‡Ki †kl cÖv‡šÍ mo‡Ki †kl Aewa G‡m e‡m c‡o‡Qv Zzwg Avevi, K¬vwšÍ †Zvgvi A‡kl, †f‡Ocov kixi-gb wb‡q Zzwg evov‡Z cvi‡Qv bv cv| †Zvgvi ˆ`wnK µgvebwZi mvÿ¨ w`‡”Q nuvUzi cyi‡bv n‡q Avmv Aw¯’mwÜ| AvOz‡ji gvsm c‡P Ly‡j Ly‡j co‡Q| †eu‡P _vK‡Z evmbv †Zvgvi, wKš‘ †Zvgvi Abyf‡ei †P‡q AwaK K¬všÍ I †f‡Ocov Zzwg| †n ü`q Ñ †Kv‡bv evmbvB Avi Qov‡e bv meyR AsKzi †Zvgvi Eli Rwg‡b| Avgvi kix‡ii ïK‡bv giæi g„Z g„wËKvq Zzwg exRwe‡kl| DÇxb n‡Z PvI Zzwg| wKš‘ Cl©vwš^Z `xN©k^vm Qvov †Zvgv‡Z Avi Aewkó wKQy †bB| †Zvgvi wbk^vm-cÖk^v‡m Qov‡”Q Kviviæ× cÖv‡Yi AvKzwZ| †n nwir cvZv Sivwbqv †ngšÍ Ñ wK eY© Avi †Kvb †mŠi‡f Zzwg m¤¢vlY Rvbv‡Z PvI myLx cvwL‡`i|

†Zvgvi RivRxY© M„‡ni fvOv‡Pviv Pvj Ag½‡ji evZ©vevnx †cuPvi evmv euvav Qvov Ab¨ †Kv‡bv Kv‡R jvM‡e wK? †Zvgvi evwMPvi †h cy®úm¤¢vi ˆZwi Ki‡Zv eY©vX¨ mvwR Ñ Zv ïwK‡q n‡q‡Q LoL‡o| †n †giæ`Ð, we‡`ªvn K‡iv bv Avi Avgvi kix‡ii weiæ‡×| h‡ZvÿY bv Avwg gy³ nw”Q Rxeb

†_‡K, Avi Zzwg gy³ n‡”Qv Avgvi †`n †_‡K|

fv‡jvevmvq G‡ZvUv wbgw¾Z fv‡jvevmvq G‡ZvUv wbgw¾Z Avwg Ñ †`L‡Z cvB bv Avwg Avi Avgv‡K, Avqbvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q ewj wmwg‡bi cv `ywU Wz‡e‡Q †Pvivevwji †Kvb cuv‡K| Nb cjø‡e XvKv AuvwL `ywU Zvi †Kv_vq AvR †h-†PvL wbgMœ n‡Zv evwj‡ki cv‡k ivLv eB cv‡V, †h-AvOzj iægv‡j Zz‡j †h‡Zv †ik‡gi KviæKvR bxo †eu‡awQj †Rvov Po–B †h-N‡ii KwoKv‡V; †h-†VuvU Kv‡Q G‡m e‡jwQj ci‡ki DòZvq AùzU ¯^‡i Zz‡j bvI, `ªvÿvcÖwZg mywgó Avwg Ñ †Mvcb wKQy †bB AšÍ‡i| †Kb wflK e‡j `~iZ¡ AwZµg‡Y mnbkxjZvi cÖ‡qvRb †Kb m‡q hv‡ev Ñ †gŠgvwQi ¸Äi‡Y cyw®úZ Avgvi bxceb, bvRyK G-ü`‡q PÂj AvZ¥v Avgvi Zocvq cvlvY M‡owb Avgv‡K Ñ mn‡b wmwg‡bi Kx-ev `vq| mnmª evmbvi †hvMd‡j Avgvi gv‡S ˆZwi n‡q‡Q GKwU m¤úv`¨, wcÖq GK m½xi mv‡_ n‡iK g~Q©bvq evRv‡Z PvB ¯^Mx©q ev`¨| G‡mwQj †kvwY‡Z †gŠmyg Avgvi Rxe‡b Ñ GLb Zv weMZ, a‡i ivL‡Z cvwiwb ZviæY¨ w¯’Z n‡Z PvB eva©‡K¨ wKQyUv Kvj AšÍZ| Aviwk‡Z ZvwK‡q Avwg Zv‡K ewj nvjwdj, Kx †`L‡Qv Zzwg Ñ wPivqZ †cÖwgK wmwg‡bi ü`‡q aiv c‡o‡Q †h wbwLj| 78


evby Ñ †n Avgv‡`i m¤£všÍ gwnjv evby, †n Avgv‡`i m¤£všÍ gwnjv, ÔMÖnY Kiæb Avgvi G DcnviÕ, e‡j †m Zv E‡aŸ© Zz‡j Qy‡o †`q wbgœMvgx wmuwo‡Z| cwZZ n‡q Drm‡M©i wfKwUg nvZ-cv Qy‡o hš¿Yvq wPrKvi K‡i| Zvi cZ‡bi mv‡_ mv‡_ Pviw`‡K Qwo‡q c‡o i³aviv| LvwbK KvZiv‡bvi cici †b‡g Av‡m bxieZv| kqZv‡bi h~cKv‡ô GBgvÎ ewj n‡jv Zvi Rxeb| gvbylwU GLb g„Z| Avnv Ñ G‡Zv Aí eq‡m wkïwUi g„Zz¨ n‡jv| nvq Ñ e„×v Rbbx, †h RV‡i aviY K‡iwQj Zv‡K| evby Ñ †n m¤£všÍ gwnjv, Avwg Avcbv‡K ¯^‡cœ †`‡LwQ, Puv‡`i ej‡q `„k¨gvb| Avcbvi cweÎ gyLkÖx d¨vKv‡m, welv‡` †PvL †jvwnZ| Avcbvi evû‡Z Rwo‡q aiv `yB cyÎmšÍvb| GKRb c~Y©P‡›`ªi g‡Zv wbLuyZ| Ab¨Rb Qov‡”Qb m~‡h©i `xwß| g„Z gvbylwUi cv‡k Avcwb e‡mb| GL‡bv c‡_i ay‡jvevwj †j‡M Av‡Q Avcbvi Avb‡b| Avcbvi AvZ¥v †e`bvq gyn¨gvb| Avcbvi ürwcÐ †a‡q Avmv Zx‡i we×, ZvB Ñ Avcwb bvwjk Rvbvb| †n Bbmvd, †n wek^vm, †n wbg©‡gi j¾vnxbZv, Avgv‡K GKwU jvk DrmM© K‡i Zv MÖnY Kivi Aby‡iva Ki‡Qv| evby, †n m¤£všÍ gwnjv Avgv‡`i Ñ mxgvnxb AÁZvi Awfkv‡c †h-gvbylwU Lyb n‡jv, Zvi Rb¨ S‡i Avcbvi A‡kl AkÖæ| †ikwg wMjvd Ly‡j wb‡q Zv w`‡q Xv‡Kb Avcwb g„Z‡`‡ni Aveªæ| evby Ñ †n Avgv‡`i c_cÖ`k©K, Avcbv‡Z Avgiv LyuwR mZZ iÿvKeP| †n m¤£všÍ wbiæcgv †R¨vwZg©q| 79


Abyev` KweZv

eyׇ`e `vk¸ßi m‡½ ïf`xc ˆgÎ

lv

‡Ui `k‡Ki ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Kwe; wek¦‡Rvov mgv`„Z wb‡`©kK eyׇ`e `vk¸ß| Avgv‡`i wcÖq ey×`v| Zuvi m‡½ K‡_vcK_b GK we¯§q| wm‡bgv †_‡K, KweZv †_‡K wk‡íi bvbv gva¨‡g mvejxj GK hvZvqvZ Zuvi| Zuvi fvebv ïay GB Dcgnv‡`‡ki wm‡bgv bq, wek¦wm‡bgvqI †i‡L P‡j‡Q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Qvc| Zuvi `xN© wkíPP©vi Pjvi c‡_ wZwb Kxfv‡e †`‡L‡Qb I †`L‡Qb †mme welq, Ges Kxfv‡eB ev wb‡Ri wkí‡K wbg©vY K‡i P‡j‡Qb †m-wb‡q Zuvi m‡½ GK AvjvcPvwiZv Ñ ïf`xc ˆgÎ : 1978-G `~iZ¡ †_‡K hw` awi, ev ZviI Av‡M WKz †_‡K `xN© GKUv Pjvi c_| Avcwb †h wm‡bgv evwb‡q‡Qb ev evbv‡”Qb Zv ïay †`‡k bq, we‡`‡kI †m¸‡jv mgv`„Z eûw`b a‡i| ZviciI GB †h bZzb wm‡bgv Zvi Rb¨ wb‡R‡K ˆZwi Kiv, G¸‡jv GLb Avcbv‡K Kxfv‡e †gvwU‡fU K‡i? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : wL‡`| Ggb G‡KKUv mgq Av‡m, hLb g‡b nq wL‡` wgU‡Q bv| Avwg wm‡bgv K‡i P‡jwQ GZ eQi a‡i Zey cÖ‡Z¨K bZzb wm‡bgv Avi¤¢ Kwi hLb, g‡b nq bZzb wm‡bgv KiwQ| fq K‡i, AvZw¼Z _vwK| cÖ‡Z¨Kevi wb‡R‡K ïa‡i †bIqvi †Póv Kwi, e`jv‡Z _vwK| †Zgwb wL‡` cÖ‡Z¨Kevi Avgv‡K Zvwo‡q †eovq| Avi Avwg eyS‡Z cvwi †h, Gi ga¨ w`‡qB Avwg †eu‡P _vwK| GUv bv _vK‡j Avgvi †eu‡P _vKvUvB gykwKj n‡Zv| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : cÖ_g wm‡bgv evbv‡bvi mgq †_‡KB Avcbvi wm‡bgvq †`Lv hvq GKUv ÷ªs fvlv Ges m¤ú~Y© wb‡Ri fvlv| `~iZ¡ ev M„nhy× evbv‡bvi Av‡M †_‡KB Avcwb wcÖ‡cqvi KiwQ‡jb e‡j g‡b nq, †mB wcÖcv‡ikbUv †Kgb wQj? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : Avwg Lye K…ZÁ wm‡bgvi Kv‡Q, †cBw›Us‡qi Kv‡Q Avi KweZvi Kv‡Q| KweZv †Zv wj‡LwQ, †cBw›Us Ki‡Z cvwiwb †Kv‡bvw`b, wKš‘ †`‡LwQ| GB `y‡Uv Avgv‡K fxlYfv‡e ˆZwi K‡i‡Q GKUv RvqMvq Ñ gv‡b wbR¯^ fw½| Avwg KweZv

80

wjL‡Z wM‡q eyS‡Z †c‡iwQjvg GKUv K_bfw½, hv‡K Avgiv ewj ÷vBj Ñ Zv fxlY `iKvi| KweZvi m‡½ †mUv Avwg †Póv KiwQjvg, †jv‡K ejwQj Ñ nu¨v eyׇ`‡ei KweZv Avjv`v| †`‡Lv, wm‡bgvq Avwg hLb Avi¤¢ K‡iwQjvg, ZLb mZ¨wRr ivq, FwZ¡K NU‡Ki gZ gvbyl wQ‡jb| mZ¨wRr Ggb GKUv fvlv ˆZwi Ki‡jb, hv fviZxq wm‡bgvq wQjB bv| †mLv‡b `uvwo‡q Avgv‡K Avgvi K_v ej‡Z n‡e, Avgvi fvlv ˆZwi Ki‡Z n‡e, hv Zuv‡`i fvlvi cv‡k mgvšÍiv‡ji gZ Pj‡e| Avwg GKUv wRwbm RvbZvg †h, Avwg mgqUv‡K wPb‡Z PvB, Avgvi Am¤¢e AvMÖn Av‡Q| Avi mgq‡K hw` Zzwg fvj K‡i eyS‡Z †Póv K‡iv Zvn‡j mgqB †Zvgvq e‡j †`‡e| mgq gv‡b A‡bK wKQy, Zvi g‡a¨ A‡bK wKQy _v‡K, wPwb‡q †`q cyi‡bv fw½| †KvbUv †m‡K‡j, †KvbUv evûj¨ewR©Z| Kxfv‡e wjL‡j ev ej‡j, GK`g bZzb n‡e welqUv| `~iZ¡ Ki‡Z wM‡q Avwg G-fvlv Lyu‡R cvIqvi †Póv K‡iwQjvg| GKUv wRwb‡mi myweav wQj Ñ lv‡Ui `kK GKUv `viæY mgq| Avwg g‡b Kwi lv‡Ui `kK A‡bK wKQy K‡i‡Q| mgvR, A_©bxwZ, wkí wb‡q †PZbv‡K e`‡j‡Q| Avgiv hviv ˆK‡kvi †_‡K eo nw”Qjvg, Zviv wKš‘ eyS‡Z cviwQjvg GKUz GKUz K‡i| lv‡Ui `k‡Ki m‡½ cÂv‡ki `k‡Ki fqsKi Awgj| lvU GK`g Avjv`v I bZzb| ZvB GB bZzb mg‡q bZzb fvlvUv `iKvi| Avevi Ggb fvlv `iKvi, hv lvU eQi ci wi‡jU Ki‡Z cvi‡e cvVK ev `k©K, Zv bv n‡j KvRB nq bv| Zvr¶wYK KvR mgq‡K †K›`ª K‡i, wKš‘ mgqI †Zv `uvwo‡q _v‡K bv| †mI †Zv G‡Mv‡”Q| cÖvmw½KZv nvwi‡q †d‡j, Zzwg †`L‡e Kvwj`vm ivq, Kzgy` gwjø­K, Gu‡`i KweZv GKmgq †Zvjcvo K‡i‡Q| wKš‘ GLbKvi cvVK Avi wi‡jU Ki‡Z cv‡i bv, KviY fvebvUvB e`‡j †M‡Q| lvU GUv ejwQj, fvebvUv e`jv‡bvi K_v ejwQj| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : lv‡Ui `k‡K KweZvi fvlv e`jvq, we‡kl K‡i M`¨ KweZvi cÖ e YZv hv wQj bZz b , DrcjKz g vi emy ‡ K


gv_vq †i‡LI ejwQ, fv¯‹i PµeZx© ev Avcwb bZzb fvlvq wjL‡Z ïiæ Ki‡jb, fvebvUvI Avjv`v wQj... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : nu¨v, Z‡e gykwKj wK Rv‡bv, AvRKvjKvi Kwe‡`i A‡bK‡K †`wL M`¨ KweZv †j‡L wKš‘ Q›`Uv Rv‡b bv| Q›` bv Rvb‡j, †mU ˆZwi Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j, †mB †gvnUv Av‡m bv| †KvbUv Zrmg, †KvbUv Z™¢e, †KvbUv ¸iæ aŸwb, †KvbUv jNy aŸwb, cqvi Kx, fvOv cqvi Kx, gvÎve„Ë Kx, G¸‡jv wKš‘ ¸‡j †L‡Z nq Ñ Zvici Zzwg h_v_© fv‡Ov, M‡`¨ KweZv wjL‡Z cv‡iv| Avgv‡`i mgq †Zgwb n‡qwQj| Avwg g‡b Kwi, cÂv‡ki Kwe huviv kw³ P‡Ævcva¨vq, mybxj M‡½vcva¨vq, cÖY‡e›`y `vk¸ß, mg‡i›`ª †mb¸ß Ñ Guiv huviv KweZv wj‡L‡Qb, Gu‡`i cv‡k hw` lv‡Ui KweZv †`‡Lv, GK`g Avjv`v, fv¯‹‡ii KweZv, hw` mybxj M‡½vcva¨vq ev kw³ P‡Ævcva¨v‡qi cvkvcvwk iv‡Lv, †`L‡e A‡bK Avjv`v, †jLvi fw½ bq ïay, ejvi fw½ fvebvi fw½‡Z| fv¯‹‡ii KweZvi cvZvq cvZvq GB fvebve`‡ji Qvc| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : Avi GUv GKUv `k‡Ki g‡a¨B n‡q †Mj? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : GK`g| Avgv‡`i K‡qKR‡bi g‡a¨ †hgb fv¯‹i, †hgb mvg‡mi, myeªZ PµeZx©, Avgiv hviv wjLZvg †m-mgq Gu‡`i g‡a¨ cÂv‡ki †Kv‡bv Qvc Lyu‡R cv‡e bv| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : A_P cÂv‡ki Kwe‡`i m‡½ Avcbv‡`i Lye fv‡jv m¤úK© wQj... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : fqsKi fvj, cÖvqB GKm‡½ AvÇv gviv, GKm‡½ mgq KvUv‡bv Gme n‡jI KweZvi RvqMvq Avgiv fqsKi Avjv`v wQjvg| lv‡Ui KweZvi m‡½ cÂv‡ki †Kv‡bv wgj †bB| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : wm‡bgvi †¶‡ÎI wK GUv n‡q‡Q? †hgb mZ¨wRr ivq ev FwZ¡K NUK Gu‡`i wm‡bgv-fvebvi m‡½ Avcbvi wm‡bgv-fvebvi cv_©K¨ wQj, gv‡b †hgb Av‡Mi Kwe‡`i m‡½ cv_©K¨ wQj Avcbv‡`i KweZvi? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : Avgvi †Zv wQj| †hgb Avwg g‡b Kwi, mZ¨wRr ivq †hgbfv‡e †`‡L‡Qb, Avwg †mfv‡e †`L‡Z PvBwQ bv, mZ¨wRr ivq †hfv‡e m¤ú‡K©i Uvbvc‡ob¸‡jv Avb‡Qb ev iex›`ªbv‡_i †h-K‡qKUv Mí wb‡q wZwb KvR K‡i‡Qb ev KvÂbR•Nv ej‡Z cv‡iv, †hfv‡e G‡m‡Q wVK Av‡Q, wKš‘ ZZ¶‡Y mgq GwM‡q †M‡Q A‡bKUv, m¤ú‡K©i Uvbvc‡ob wb‡q †h-Mí¸‡jv wZwb †h-mg‡q Ki‡Qb, m¤ú‡K©i fvebvUvB ZLb A‡bK e`‡j †M‡Q| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : Zvi KviY wK Dcb¨vm ev Mí‡K wfwË K‡i Kivi Rb¨, hv wKQyUv cyi‡bv mg‡qi, †hgb PviæjZv? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : Zv GKUv KviY n‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e mZ¨wRr iv‡qi mgm¨v wQj| wZwb Zuvi mg‡qi e„‡Ëi evB‡i fve‡Z cv‡ibwb, PvbIwb, KviY IB e„‡Ëi †fZi AvU‡K _vKv fvebv¸‡jvq wZwb Lye wek¦vm Ki‡Zb| †m-wek¦v‡mi Ici `uvwo‡q Qwe¸‡jv ˆZwi| Am¤¢e fvj Qwe †m¸‡jv, †mw`K w`‡q †Kv‡bv K_vB Pj‡e bv, wKš‘ †mB e„ËUv †Zv e`‡j †Mj| wek¦vm¸‡jv, m‡›`n¸‡jv †mB e„Ë †Q‡o Av‡iKUv e„‡Ë Xz‡K coj, †mUv wKš‘ wZwb eyS‡Z cv‡ibwb e‡j g‡b nq| Iui evwo‡Z e‡m GKw`b K_v nw”Qj, wZwb M`vi †`‡L G‡m‡Qb, Ges M`vi eyS‡ZB cvi‡Qb bv, wZwb M`vi‡K cÖvq nvmvnvwmi ch©v‡q wb‡q †MwQ‡jb| wZwb eyS‡Z cviwQ‡jb bv †h, M`vi ai‡Z †c‡i‡Qb mgqUv‡K| mgq Kxfv‡e K_v e‡j| Av‡iv A‡bK e„Ë ˆZwi nw”Qj ïay BD‡iv‡c bq, c„w_exRy‡o, fviZe‡l©I ˆZwi nw”Qj| Zzwg fv‡ev, †m-mgq KgjKzgvi gRyg`vi ev m›`xcb P‡Ævcva¨vq Am¤¢efv‡e fvO‡Qb fvebv¸‡jv‡K| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : Avcbvi †h-bvMwiKZv, `~iZ¡ †_‡K M„nhyׇZ

†`wL, weÿzä GKUv mgq‡K ai‡Q, Zv Av‡Mi cwiPvjK‡`i †_‡K Avjv`v? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : fvj cÖkœ Ki‡j| mZ¨wRr iv‡qi gnvbMi a‡iv, Zvi e„ËUv evsjv †QvUM‡íi †h-cwiwa Zvi g‡a¨ †Nviv‡div Ki‡Q, GKRb ¯^vgx GKRb eD, Zvi evB‡i †ewi‡q hvIqv, wKš‘ †m-mgq IUvB ïay NU‡Q bv Av‡iv A‡bK wKQy NU‡Q, Av‡iv µvBwmm i‡q‡Q... ïf`xc ˆgÎ : iv¯ÍvNv‡U AvZ¼, ev Ly‡bvLywb, A_©‰bwZK GKUv cvjve`j... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : ïay ZvB bq, m¤ú‡K©i WvB‡gbkbB a‡iv| Avwg †f‡e †`‡LwQ, †mLv‡bI GKUv fvebvwPšÍv †f‡O †`Lv Pj‡Q| GB kni wN‡i, me kni wN‡iB nq, wKš‘ GB KjKvZv kni wN‡i hw` †`wL, gvbyl¸‡jv GK`g Avjv`v wQj| Zv‡`i wm‡bgv mg‡qi IB welq¸‡jv Øviv RvwiZ nqwb| Qwe¸‡jv Zuvi †h gv÷viwj µvdU Zv †Zv _vK‡eB; wKš‘ Avgvq Avi fvevw”Qj bv| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : FwZ¡K NUK m¤ú‡K© Kx ej‡eb Zvn‡j? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : FwZ¡K NUK‡K g‡b n‡qwQj cvi‡Qb| ai‡Z, †hgb a‡iv myeY©‡iLv| myeY©‡iLvi welq Zzwg fv‡ev, Kx mvsNvwZK GKUv welq Ñ I‡K ïay mg‡qi GKUv Ae¶q ej‡j Pj‡e bv, Av‡iv A‡bK wKQy wQj, hv Avgvi Kv‡Q bZzb g‡b n‡qwQj| g‡b n‡qwQj G¸‡jv fve‡Z cvivi gZ gb _vKv `iKvi| ev Ahvwš¿K, fviZxq wm‡bgvq cÖ_g †KD Ahvwš¿K evbvj, †mB fvlvq Mí ejj| Mí gv‡b Kx? †jvKUv MvwoUv‡K fvjev‡m, MvwoUvI †jvKUv‡K fvjev‡m| GUzKz ïay, A_P KZ wKQy jywK‡q Av‡Q Zvi †fZ‡i| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : Avcbvi wm‡bgv‡ZI †`Lv hvq GB A¨vwb‡gU Avi BbA¨vwb‡g‡Ui m¤úK©, wfRy¨qvj †cÖ¶vcUUvB Mí n‡q I‡V Ñ GUvq Kxfv‡e G‡jb? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : GUv Avgvi KweZvqI wQj| Mvav wb‡q, nvwZ wb‡q, Ggb A™¢yZ welq wb‡q wjLZvg| †Kb Ggb wj‡LwQjvg? Avgvi g‡b n‡qwQj †h, K_v ïay gvbyl e‡j bv, Bw½Z ïay gvbyl †`q bv| m¤§wZi e¨vcviUv ïay gvbyl †_‡K Avm‡e Zv bq, cïcvwL MvQcvjvi KvQ †_‡KI Avm‡Z cv‡i| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : GgbwK BbA¨vwb‡gU †_‡KI Avm‡Z cv‡i, Rvbjv wm‡bgvq †hgb, IB †h-RvbvjvUv wb‡q Ny‡i †eov‡”Q GKRb, ïay Zvi Mí bq, IB RvbvjvUvI †hb K_v e‡j DV‡Q| eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : nu¨v, nu¨v... ïf`xc ˆgÎ : †hb Avcbvi I¸‡jv cÖcm bq, Avcbvi wm‡bgvq cÖcm _v‡K bv, I¸‡jv †hb PwiÎ n‡q I‡V, K_v e‡j... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : fvj K_v e‡jQ, evsjv wm‡bgvq cÖcmUv mZ¨wRr ivq Pvjy K‡i †M‡Qb, Am¤¢e fv‡jvfv‡e †RvMvo Ki‡Zb wRwbmcÎ| A‡b‡K fvej †evanq †mUvB Avmj, wKš‘ Iui gbUv †Zv †RvMvo Ki‡Z cvij bv| Avgvi fvebvUvB Ab¨, Avwg GKRb AvU© wW‡i±i‡K wbjvg| †m †`Ljvg fvwi e¨¯Í n‡q coj †Kv_v †_‡K e¨vM cv‡e, Pvwe cv‡e| †m mvRv‡ZB e¨¯Í n‡q coj, †hb mvRv‡bvUvB Avmj| Avgvi Zv‡K †evSv‡Z mgm¨v n‡qwQj, †m eyS‡Z cviwQj bv, I¸‡jv welq bq| cÖcm wKš‘ †hUzKz `iKvi †mUzKz _vK‡e, Zvi evB‡i Avjv`v K‡i Avwg cÖcm w`‡q wKQy wbg©vY Ki‡Z PvB bv, †Kv‡bvw`b PvBwb| Av‡iKUv e¨vcvi Kx, cÖcm GKUv ev¯ÍeRvZ fvebv, ev¯Í‡e GKUv †Pqvi _vK‡e, Zvi Ici Kzkb _vK‡e, Ggb Avi wK Ñ wKš‘ Avgvi mgm¨v n‡”Q IB ev¯ÍeUv wb‡q| Avgvi KL‡bv g‡b nqwb, ev¯Íe †kl K_v| evievi g‡b n‡q‡Q, ev¯Í‡ei evB‡ii †h-e¨vcviUv, Avgvi g‡b n‡q‡Q G·‡U‡ÛW wiq¨vwjwUi K_v| hLb GUvi K_v †KD fve‡e, ZLb cÖcm¸‡jv BbwmMwbwd‡K›U

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n‡q hv‡e| ZLb Avi I¸‡jv KvR Ki‡e bv, ZLb †`L‡e IB e¨vM D‡o †eov‡”Q, Pv`i D‡o †eov‡”Q, evwjk D‡o †eov‡”Q| †Kvjevwjk iv¯Ív w`‡q nuvU‡Q| GB †h ev¯ÍevZxZ RMr, GUv ev¯Í‡ei Av‡iKUv w`K, †mUv Avgv‡K A‡bK †ewk AvKl©Y K‡i| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : ev¯Íe †_‡K Gw`‡K hvq Avevi wd‡i Av‡m ev¯Í‡e, gv‡b Avcbvi wm‡bgvi Rvwb©Uvq `y‡UvB GKm‡½ P‡j, wVK my¨iwiqvj ejv hvq bv... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : my¨iwiqvj hw` e‡jv, †hgb hw` `vwji Qwe †`L‡Q †KD, †m eyS‡Z cvi‡Q †h `vwj †hUv AuvK‡Qb IUv ev¯Íe bq| IB †h weL¨vZ QweUv, IB †h mgq M‡j co‡Q, IUv ev¯Í‡ei e¨vcvi bq, m‡½ m‡½ Zzwg mRvM n‡q †M‡j| GUv‡K Avwg ev¯Íe wn‡m‡e wbw”Q bv| wKš‘ †Zvgvq hw` Af¨¯Í K‡i †`Iqv nq ev¯ÍevZx‡Zi w`‡K †h‡Z, ev¯Í‡ei Gi †h wjwgU¸‡jv †f‡O c¨vivjvwj Pj‡j GKUv mgq, Zzwg Avi cÖkœ K‡iv bv| Avwg, Rv‡bv †Zv, GB fvebvi Rb¨ K…ZÁ Avgvi KweZvi Kv‡Q| Avgvi Rxe‡b hw` KweZv bv AvmZ, Zv m‡Ë¡I Qwe KiZvg Z‡e †m¸‡jv †Kgb †`L‡Z n‡Zv Avwg Rvwb bv| Avgv‡K KweZv A¨vjvU© K‡i‡Q Gfv‡e fve‡Z| A‡b‡KB e‡jb †h g¨vwRK| Avwg †QvU‡ejv †_‡KB g¨vwR‡Ki cÖwZ AvK…ó nZvg| GB g¨vwRKUv wKš‘ Avgv‡`i Rxe‡b bvbv mg‡q bvbvfv‡e N‡U| GiKg GKvwaKevi N‡U‡Q, hv Zzwg †`LQ, c‡i wiqvjvBR Ki‡j Zv m¤ú~Y© GKUv g¨vwRK| †hgb a‡iv, GKevi evwo wdiwQ, hLb Xz‡KwQ `iRv Ly‡j, †`LwQ Avgvi †QvU‡ejvi †Ljvi gv‡V Avgvi †QvU‡ejvi eÜziv e‡m i‡q‡Q| †KD MovMwo w`‡”Q, †KD †cvKvgvKo msMÖn Ki‡Q Nvm †_‡K, †KD Avgv‡K WvK‡Q| IBUv a‡iv K‡qK †m‡KÛ Zvici eyS‡Z cvijvg| GiKg nvRv‡iv NUbv Avgvi Rxe‡b N‡U‡Q| GB g¨vwRKUv Avgvi Qwe‡Z G‡m †M‡Q| gykwKj n‡”Q, fviZxq Qwe‡Z ¯^‡cœi `„k¨ Av‡Q; †hgb a‡iv bvq‡K, wKš‘ Zv †hb ˆZwi Kiv| Zzwg hw` e‡jv, GUv ¯^c,œ GUv wWªg, GUv g¨vwRK, Avjv`v Avjv`v K‡iv Ñ Zvn‡j Avgvi AvcwË Av‡Q| GKm‡½ G‡`i hw` wgwk‡q †`Iqv hvq Zvn‡jB... ïf`xc ˆgÎ : GKUv †gUv‡dv‡ii †j‡f‡jB i‡q hvq ej‡Z PvB‡Qb wK? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : nu¨v, Gfv‡e ¯^c‡œ K Avjv`v K‡i †`wL‡q †`Iqv, ev g¨vwRK‡K Avjv`v K‡i wPwb‡q †`Iqv Avwg cQ›` Kwi bv| Avgvi g‡b nq, GB me¸‡jvB GKUv BDwb‡Ui cwic~iK| Gme Gwj‡g›U wb‡q GKUv BDwbU ˆZwi n‡q‡Q, hvi Rb¨ ¯^cœ Avgvi Kv‡Q IBfv‡e Av‡m bv, g¨vwRKI Av‡m bv| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : Gevi Avcbvi mgmvgwqK‡`i K_vq Avwm| †hgb Av`yi †MvcvjK…òb ev fviZxq wdj¥ gyf‡g‡›Ui m‡½ Avcwb A‡bKUv hy³ wQ‡jb, Av‡QbI| †mB †cÖ¶vcUUv Kx, ev GLb Zvi Kx Ae¯’v? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : †`‡Lv, Avgiv hLb wm‡bgv Ki‡Z ïiæ Kwi, Avwg, kvg, Aiwe›`b, Av`yi, Avgiv cÖvq GKB m‡½ ïiæ K‡iwQjvg| Avgvi g‡b n‡qwQj G‡`i cÖ_gw`‡Ki Qwe¸‡jv PvBwQj Avjv`v n‡Z| fvebv¸‡jv wQj GK`g ZiZvRv, bZzb, Kxfv‡e †`Lve †mUvI bZzb| †`Lvi †PvL bZzb e‡j ¯^vaxbZv bZzb, ¯^vaxbZv bZzb e‡j k㸇jvI bZzb| GB GZ¸‡jv wRwbm wb‡q wm‡bgv¸‡jv hLb ˆZwi n‡jv ZLb †`Lv †Mj GK`g Avjv`v| Avgvi nvm¨Ki jv‡M, hLb mevB e‡j mZ¨wRr iv‡qi DËim~wi eyׇ`e, we‡`‡kI e‡j| wiwWKzjvm| Avgvi m‡½ Iui Kv‡Ri †Kv‡bv wgj †bB| Avwg Am¤¢e †im‡c± Kwi Iui KvR‡K| Avwg Iui Kv‡Ri Øviv KL‡bv cÖ‡ivwPZ nBwb| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : gwb KvDj ev Kzgvi mvnvwb Guiv †KDB †mUv

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e‡jbwb, GuivI e‡j‡Qb wdj¥ gyf‡g‡›Ui K_v| wKš‘ †KD †KD Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †mUv †_‡K m‡i †M‡jb Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í| IB Av‡›`vjb ev IB fvlv iBj bv, GUv †Kb nj? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : `k©K| †m-fvebvq DØy× n‡q `k©K †h n‡j Lye †d‡U cowQ‡jb Zv wKš‘ nj bv| ZvB GK ai‡bi Avk¼v-nZvkv KvR K‡iwQj †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv cwiPvj‡Ki g‡b Ñ ZLb Zuviv g‡b Ki‡jb, Zvn‡j GUv fzj| Ab¨‡`i gZB wm‡bgv KivUv †evanq wVK| Av‡iKUv NUbv NUwQj fvO‡Z wM‡q, wb‡Ri ¶gZv m¤ú‡K© aviYv wQj bv| †hgb a‡iv Kzgvi mvnwb| Kzgvi mvnwbi Qwe cÖ_vwe‡ivax †Zv e‡UB, evB‡iI Lye mgv`„Z n‡qwQj| wKš‘ †m¸‡jvi `k©K †Kv_vI wQj bv, `k©K‡K †Kv_vI Qy‡u Z cvij bv| GUv Avgvi g‡b n‡q‡Q †h, GKUv ms‡KZ| fvO‡Z wM‡q fvOvUv Avmj MovUv Avmj bq, GB fvebvq Xz‡K hvIqvUv wKš‘ fvj bq| GKUv w`K †_‡K hLb fvO‡Q, ZLb Av‡iKUv w`K †_‡K Mo‡Z n‡e| †Zvgvi †`Lvi †PvL‡K `k©K‡K †evSv‡Z n‡e| †hUv Aiwe›`b †c‡i‡Q, Av`y‡ii wKQy wKQy wm‡bgvq Av‡Q, kv‡gi wm‡bgvq Av‡Q| gwbi K‡qKUv Qwe‡Z †c‡qwQ; wKš‘ gwbi †k‡li w`‡Ki Qwe‡Z cvw”Qjvg bv| gwb e`jv‡ZI cvij bv| a‡iv, Ii †kl Qwe †bvKi Kv KvwgR, IUv Qy‡u ”Q bv Avi| GKUv wRwbm g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e, †hUv Zzwg fvOQ Avi MoQ Zv `k©K‡K Qy‡u Z n‡e, Zvi †gav‡K ¯úk© Ki‡Z n‡e| GUv wKš‘ fxlY B¤úiU¨v›U wRwbm, Zv bv n‡j ïay fvOvUzKBz n‡e| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : GKB m‡½ wK wb‡R‡K e`jv‡bvUvI `iKvi? Avcbvi wm‡bgvq †`wL fvlv e`‡j hv‡”Q, G‡KKUv `kK e`‡j hv‡”Q Avi Avcbvi fvlvUv e`jv‡”Q, fvebvUvI e`‡j hv‡”Q| eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : Avgvi evievi Kx g‡b nq Rv‡bv, Avgv‡`i Rxe‡bi mg¯Í †¶‡Î wb‡R‡`i Là‡i c‡o hvB| †h-KweZv wj‡LwQjvg GKUv mgq ccyjvi n‡qwQj, †h-Mí wj‡LwQjvg fv‡jv mgv‡jvPbv †c‡qwQj ev wm‡bgvUv K‡iwQjvg Zv mevB Lye fv‡jv ejj Ñ e¨m, Zvi Là‡i c‡o †Mjvg| fvj KvRUv‡K †cwi‡q bv †M‡j Lye fvjq †cuŠQv‡bv hvq bv| Av‡MB e‡jwQjvg †Zvgvq, mgqUv †Zv †cwi‡q †M‡Q, †Zvgvi fvebv¸‡jv e`jvq, †hgb a‡iv m¤ú‡K©i e¨vcvi¸‡jv, wi‡jkbwkc e¨vcviUv _vwU©‡R, wddwU‡R, bvBbwU‡R Kxfv‡e e`jvj? G¸‡jv wKš‘ gv_vq ivL‡Z nq| Av‡iKUv wRwbm, mgq memgq GwM‡q _v‡K, mgq ïay GwM‡q _v‡K bv, mgq eywS‡q †`q, bZzb mg‡qi fvebv¸‡jv mvg‡b iv‡L, Avgiv eywS ev eywS bv| hviv eywS bv, Zviv AuvK‡o _vwK IB mgqUv‡KB| eyS‡Z cvwi bv, Zv GwM‡q hv‡”Q, Kzwo eQi ci Avi Zv wi‡jU Ki‡Z cvie bv| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : GUv wK Avcbvi wm‡bgviI GKUv AšÍjx©b welq? GLb †h wm‡bgv¸‡jv †`wL, GKUv Rvwb© i‡q‡Q, g›` †g‡qi DcvL¨vb, ¯^‡cœi w`b ev Rvbvjv, IB †h Pwiθ‡jvi g‡a¨ _v‡K GKUv Rvwb©| †Kv_vI †cuŠQv‡bvi †Póv Ki‡Q wKš‘ Avevi †mUvB †kl bq, GKUv KÝU¨v›U Rvwb©... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : GUvI wKš‘ Avgvq mgq e‡j w`‡q‡Q| GB a‡iv Rvbvjv‡Z, Rvbvjvi wKš‘ GKUv Mí Av‡Q| †jvKUvi GKUv Mí †hgb Av‡Q, RvbvjviI GKUv Mí i‡q‡Q| Ges Avgvi Kv‡Q Rvbvjvi MíUv †jvKUvi M‡íi †_‡K Kg g~j¨evb bq| Rvbvjv Kx †P‡qwQj, †hLvb †_‡K ˆZwi nq †mLv‡bB wd‡i †h‡Z, ZvB †k‡l Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB R½‡ji g‡a¨ Mv‡Qi wb‡P| †jvKUvi MíUv Avjv`v| GUv wKš‘ eo wRwbm, †h-Kvi‡Y fv‡ev †h, Rxebvb›` `vk cÖ _ g KweZvi eB wb‡q iex›`ª b v‡_i Kv‡Q wM‡qwQ‡jb| †mB


KweZv¸‡jv fv‡jv bq| fxlY iex›`ªbv‡_i Bbd¬‡z qÝ| †mB gvbylwU wKš‘ Kxfv‡e fvO‡jb wb‡R‡K, wb‡R‡K evievi Rxebvb›` `vk †f‡O‡Qb, †f‡O‡Qb ïay bq, M‡oI‡Qb| wZwb nvZ evwo‡q Qy‡u ”Qb c‡ii mgqUv| Avevi Zvi c‡ii mgq, Zvici ZviI c‡ii| Gfv‡e mgq‡K Qy‡u qwQ‡jb e‡j Rxebvb›`‡K co‡Z wM‡q Av‡Rv †Ku‡c hvB| †m hZ eo KweB †nvK bv †Kb, GL‡bv Rxebvb›` co‡Z †M‡j †Ku‡c I‡V| GUv Lye eo e¨vcvi| evievi ZvB e`jv‡Z nq| †`‡Lv gykwKj n‡”Q †h, cyi¯‹vi-Uzi¯‹vi mgv‡jvPbv, wcV Pvcovwb fvj, fvj ejv, G¸‡jv GKUv Av‡ek ˆZwi K‡i| GB Av‡e‡ki Là‡i Xz‡K co‡j wb‡RB wb‡R‡K wW‡dÛ Ki‡Z _v‡K, wKš‘ eyS‡Z cvi‡Q bv †h wKQy n‡”Q bv| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : Avcwb GZ cyi¯‹vi †c‡q‡Qb, Avcbvi gZ GZ cyi¯‹vi Lye Kg evOvwjB †c‡q‡Q, Zvi ¸iæZ¡ ev msL¨v `yw`K †_‡KB Kg bq, Avcwb GUv ej‡Qb, A_P †jv‡K e‡j cyi¯‹vi cvIqvUv B¤úiU¨v›U? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : bv, cyi¯‹vi †c‡j Lvivc jvM‡e Avwg Ggb ejwQ bv| wVK Av‡Q, wKš‘ I‡Z AvU‡K †M‡j gykwKj| Avwg †hUv ejwQ, cyi¯‹vi¸‡jv GKai‡bi Av‡ek ˆZwi K‡i| †mUv wµ‡qwUf †jvK‡K A‡bK mgq wb‡R‡K Rvw÷dvB Ki‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i, †mUv GKUv mgm¨v| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : GRb¨B wK cyi¯‹vi †bIqvi mgq Avcwb mRvM _v‡Kb? eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : Avgv‡`i mg‡qi GKRb wdj¥-†gKv‡ii K_v ewj| Drc‡j›`y| Drc‡j›`y PµeZx© †evanq cÖ_g Avgv‡`i mg‡qi GKRb cwiPvjK ev mZ¨wRr iv‡qi ci †evanq Avi †KD cyi¯‹viUv cvbwb| evwj©‡b †e÷ wdj¥ †c‡qwQ‡jb| cyi¯‹vi †c‡jb, wKš‘ GUv Iu‡K wM‡j †djj| Avgvi g‡b nq GB cyi¯‹viUzi¯‹vi †_‡K `~‡i _vKv DwPZ| I¸‡jv †c‡j fvj, †i‡L `vI mvwR‡q-UvwR‡q, wKš‘ K¶‡bv G‡`i Là‡i c‡ov bv| cÖPiz †jLv‡ULv n‡e, Gme wVK Av‡Q wKš‘ Zvi evB‡i †Zvgvq †h‡ZB n‡e| wKš‘ IB †LuvRUv, hv‡K Zzwg Rvwb© ejQ, Zv wKš‘ fxlY `iKvi| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : B›Uvib¨vkbvwj Avcwb eû †dw÷fv‡j †M‡Qb, hv‡”Qb, RvR ev Rywi wn‡m‡eI, Avgv‡`i mve-Kw›U‡b‡›Ui wm‡bgv m¤ú‡K© Avcbvi Kx aviYv, aiæb cvwK¯Ív‡bi wm‡bgv ev evsjv‡`‡ki wm‡bgv... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : †`‡Lv, Avgvi g‡b n‡q‡Q †h, GKUv Uª¨vwWkb ˆZwi nq, Rxebhvc‡bi †¶‡Î †hgb nq, wkíPP©vi w`K †_‡KI nq| Avgv‡`i mgm¨v n‡”Q, IB Uª¨vwWkbUv‡K wek¦vm K‡i †djv| wµ‡qwUf RvqMv‡ZI ZvB g‡b nw”Qj| IB †h Uª¨vwWkb, Zvi g‡a¨ Xz‡K co‡j wVKVvK n‡e, †Kbbv, Zvi evB‡i KvR Ki‡j A‡bK mgm¨v Av‡Q| `k©K eyS‡e bv, cÖ‡hvRKI cv‡e bv| d‡j A‡bK mgm¨v| ZvB bZzb wKQy Ki‡Z †M‡j mvn‡mi `iKvi jv‡M| mvnmUv wKš‘ †RvMvq A‡bK¸‡jv wRwbm| GK n‡”Q m‡PZbZv| Avwg ej‡Z PvB †h, GB Dcgnv‡`‡k K‡qKUv †`k ev` w`‡q GBUv, †Kb fviZe‡l©i K_vI hw` e‡jv, KjKvZvq huviv wm‡bgv Ki‡Qb Zuv‡`i wm‡bgv¸‡jvI †Kvb A‡_© wdj¥ Avwg Rvwb bv| Avwg `yevi †Kb GKeviI †`L‡Z PvB bv| KvD‡K †`L‡Z ej‡ZI PvB bv| KviY Avwg Rvwb, cÖ‡Z¨‡K wKš‘ Pvi-cuvP eQ‡ii Rb¨, KviY fq Ñ `k©K cve bv, cÖ‡hvRK cve bv; hw` Gi †_‡K †ewi‡q wm‡bgv Kwi, nq‡Zv cyi¯‹viI cve bv, nq‡Zv †dw÷fvj cve bv, Gme nq‡Zv‡Z `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| `yB evsjv wgwj‡q eje, Gi evB‡ii KvR Kg| XvKvq wKQy KvR †`‡LwQjvg, fvj †j‡MwQj| fvO‡Z PvB‡Q, ej‡Z PvB‡Q bZzb fvlvq wb‡Ri cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z `uvwo‡q, †m-cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z K_v ej‡Z

wM‡q wKš‘ Avjv`v n‡q hv‡”Q| GKv n‡q hv‡”Q| GB GKUv mgm¨v Ñ GKv n‡q hvIqv| GB fqUv †_‡K †e‡iv‡Z n‡e| Avwg GK ai‡bi h‡_”QvPv‡i wek¦vmx Rv‡bv †Zv, Avwg Lvivc A‡_© h‡_”QvPvi ejwQ bv| wµ‡qwUfwj nIqv `iKvi, GUv bv n‡j IB Pvicv‡ki Uª¨vwWk‡bi †gvoKUv AvU‡K †`q| GB gZjeevR Uª¨vwWkb I¸‡jv wkwL‡q †`q †h, Zzwg Avgvi RvqMvq `uvwo‡q _v‡Kv| †hB Zzwg fqUv‡K †f‡O Ab¨ wKQy Kivi †Póv KiQ, ZLbB GKv n‡q hv‡e, Zzwg wWw÷ªweDUi cv‡e bv, Zzwg cÖwWDmvi cv‡e bv, †Zvgvi Qwe wiwjR Kiv‡Z cvi‡e bv| A_P Zzwg hw` c‡_i cuvPvjxi K_v fv‡ev, Ahvwš¿‡Ki K_v fv‡ev, G¸‡jv †Zv n‡q‡Q, evievi fviZxq wm‡bgv †Kb c„w_exi wm‡bgvi BwZnv‡mi †¶‡Î †`‡LwQ| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : nu¨v, Ggb †Zv N‡U‡Q, aiæb Avcbvi wm‡bgv m¤ú‡K©I A‡b‡K e‡j, AvRKvj Ibvi Qwe †Zv wiwjR nq bv n‡j, Avwg A‡bK‡K ej‡Z ï‡bwQ †h, Avgiv n‡j †`L‡Z PvB wKš‘ Ibvi wm‡bgv Avgiv cvw”Q bv n‡j| GKUv eo `k©K i‡q‡Q Avcbvi, huviv n‡j wm‡bgv †`‡Lb GL‡bv... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : nu¨v, Rvwb GKUv Av‡¶c i‡q‡Q, Rvwb G-cÖm‡½ ej‡Z †M‡j Av‡iv A‡bK wKQy ej‡Z n‡e| wKš‘ GKUv wRwbm ejwQ, Avwg A‡bK Av‡M Rv‡bv †Zv, GgbwK ZL‡bv Gfv‡e B›Uvi‡bU †Pv‡L c‡owb, wKš‘ ZL‡bv Avgvi g‡b n‡Zv wdj¥ GKmgq KweZv †jLvi gZ n‡e| GKUv †cb _vK‡jB †hgb wjL‡Z cviv hvq, †Zgwb, cÖvq †Zgwb mnRfv‡e Avwg wm‡bgvUv Ki‡Z cvie Ñ wdj¥Uv GKw`b †m-RvqMvq †cuŠ‡Q hv‡e| GB KvRUv wKš‘ ïiæ n‡q‡Q A‡bKw`b Av‡M †_‡K, †hgb AvÛviMÖvDÛ wm‡bgv ïiæ n‡qwQj, †mLv‡b KUv `k©K, Lye Kg, †cuŠQv‡bv †ek gykwKj n‡Zv| GLb wKš‘ Av‡iv mn‡R †cuŠ‡Q w`‡Z cvi‡Q †b‡Ui ga¨ w`‡q| AvÛviMÖvDÛ wm‡bgvi Rb¥ n‡qwQj Av‡gwiKvq, †m-†`k¸‡jv wKš‘ A‡bK m”Qj| Zv m‡Ë¡I wKQy cwiPvjK G‡Kev‡i wb‡Ri fvlvq K_v ej‡Z wM‡q GKUv wecø­e NwU‡q †djj| Ges Zvi `k©K ˆZwi nw”Qj, msL¨vq Kg n‡jI Zviv wm‡bgvi Gwj‡g›U¸‡jv‡K bZzb K‡i †`L‡Z PvBwQj| AvÛviMÖvDÛ wm‡bgv †mB mg‡qi †_‡KI GLb wKš‘ A‡bK †ewk `k©‡Ki Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q †h‡Z cvi‡Q †b‡Ui gva¨‡g| Avwg Ggb A‡bK cwiPvjK‡K Rvwb, huviv wm‡bgv Ki‡Qb Ges †`Lv‡”Qb †b‡U| Avgiv Lei ivwL bv nq‡Zv, †m¸‡jv †b‡UB wiwjR Kiv n‡”Q| µgk, Avwg ejwQ AvR †_‡K Kzwo eQi ci, ev c‡b‡iv eQi ci, ev `k eQi ci, GB n‡j hvIqvi Kb‡mÞUvB †f‡O hv‡e| fvO‡QI, †jv‡K N‡i e‡m wm‡bgv †`L‡Z PvB‡Q| ïf`xc ˆgÎ : †jLK hLb †j‡Lb ev wkíx Auv‡Kb, ZLb wRwbmUv Zuvi, wKš‘ wm‡bgvq Zv nq bv... eyׇ`e `vk¸ß : nu¨v, nwjD‡Wi ÷ªvKPviUvB Pj‡Q GLb ch©šÍ| wKš‘ GKUv wRwbm we‡`‡k Av‡Q, Av‡gwiKv‡ZI Av‡Q Ñ wW‡i±‡ii ivBU| GUv `iKvi, †hLv‡b wm‡bgv wb‡Ri cqmvq ˆZwi Ki‡Q, a‡iv evwKUv e¨w³MZ, ev Avmv-hvIqvi gv‡S| Avwg ej‡Z PvBwQ, Qwe¸‡jv Kivi ci gvwjKvbv Avgvi nv‡Z _vK‡Q bv, gvwjKvbv hvi nv‡Z, ¯^Z¡ hvi nv‡Z, Zvi m‡½ †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv RvqMvq we‡iva eva‡Q| wiwjR KivUv wKš‘ cwiPvj‡Ki KvR bq| †mvwnbx `vk¸‡ßi †QvwU‡gvwU ev‡ZB a‡iv, Lye fv‡jv Qwe, GK`g Ab¨iKg Qwe| Avwg Rvwb, `k©K‡`i fv‡jv jvM‡e †mUv| wKš‘ GLv‡b cwiPvjK Amnvq| Avgvi hvi Rb¨ g‡b n‡”Q Av‡¯Í Av‡¯Í, cwiPvjK †h-D‡Ïk¨ wb‡q Qwe evbv‡”Qb Zv mdj bvI n‡Z cv‡i, wKš‘ wb‡R A_© msMÖn K‡i wm‡bgv evbv‡bvUv `iKvwi| GUv Ki‡ZB n‡e| r

83


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96

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gets its own weakness and I want to give it the force of love.Õ `y-eQ‡ii †QvU cj‡K fr©mbv K‡i K¨vwgB e‡jwQ‡jb,

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97


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glow of her youth and her genius, her splendid forehead overhanging magnificent deep-blue eyes, her mouth more proud than sensual, that mighty tuft of auburn hair falling to her hips. An impressive air of courage, of frankness, of superiority, of gaiety – the air of someone who has received much.Õ †hb cÖvPxb †Kv‡bv fv¯‹‡h©i cÖwZgv

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98

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fv¯‹‡h© m~² ¯úk© †ewk `iKvi nq| K¨vwgB †mUv Ki‡Zb| i`u¨v KL‡bv K‡ibwb| †Kv‡bv g~wZ©i KvwiMwi m~² I RwUj Ask¸‡jv, Avi nvZ-cv BZ¨vw` i`u¨v K¨vwgB‡K w`‡q Kiv‡Zb, e‡jb †KD †KD| fv¯‹‡h©i RM‡Z †Zv e‡UB, AvswkKfv‡e wPÎwk‡íi †ÿ‡ÎI mvaviYfv‡e †Kv‡bv wkíK‡g© A‡b‡Ki nvZ _v‡K| whwb ¸iæ Zuvi bv‡gB hw`I mevB †mB KvRwU‡K Rv‡b| GKwU wkíK‡g©i †Kvb AskwU g~j wkíxi Avi †Kvb †Kvb As‡k Zuvi QvÎQvÎxi Ki¯úk© i‡q‡Q, wk‡íi Av‡jvPbvq GUv GK avivevwnK cÖm½| i`u¨vi fv¯‹h¸ © ‡jvI Zvi evB‡i bq| Ab¨ wkÿvbwek‡`i wb‡q, Avi me wkíxi g‡ZvB, wKQyB e‡jbwb i`u¨v; wKš‘ K¨vwgB m¤ú‡K© wZwb wQ‡jb mcÖksm| K_vcÖm‡½ GKevi e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔAvwg ïay Zv‡K †mvbvi †LuvRUzKz w`‡qwQ| wKš‘ †h-¯^Yf © vÐvi †m AR©b K‡i‡Q †mUv cy‡ivcywi Zvi wb‡Ri|Õ †gvinvr©, huvi K_v w`‡q GB †jLvwUi ïiæ, Rvwb‡q‡Qb, me wel‡q i`u¨v Zuvi (K¨vwgB) m‡½ Av‡jvPbv K‡i wb‡Zb †Kv‡bv wm×v‡šÍ †cuŠQv‡bvi Av‡M| hZÿY bv K¨vwgB GKgZ n‡Zb, i`u¨v bZzb †Kv‡bv wm×všÍ wb‡Zb bv| wkíx K¨vwgBi m¤ú‡K© Zuvi kÖ×vi K_v cieZx© mg‡qI e‡j‡Qb wZwb| wKš‘ 1880-90 mv‡ji Av‡M Gme g~j¨vq‡bi mgq wQj bv| ZLb Zxeª fv‡jvevmvq Av‡Qb Zuviv Ges AmvaviY me m„wó K‡i‡Qb ÔCamille with short hair’ (1882), ÔMask of Camille’ Ges ÔCamille weaing a Bonnet’ K¨vwgBi fv¯‹‡h©i MwZgqZv g‡b †i‡L i`u¨v m„wó K‡i‡Qb ÔevM©vim Ad K¨v‡jÕ| i`u¨vi cÖfv‡e K¨vwgB AuvK‡Qb ÔCouching WomanÕ (1885)| 1888 mv‡j Ki‡Qb ÔBust of Auguste RodinÕ| GQvov ÔThe Waltz’| Avi Zuvi weL¨vZ m„wó ÔkKzšj Í vÕ| K¨vwgBi Kiv i`u¨vi Aveÿg~wZ© Zuvi wkíMZ DrK‡l©i Rb¨B wcÖq msMÖn wQj i`u¨vi| 1888 mv‡ji kuv‡Rwj‡Ri cÖ`k©bx‡Z cÖ_g †`Lv‡bv n‡jv K¨vwgBi GKK KvR ÔkKzšj Í vÕ| `xN© wei‡ni ci bvix Avi cyiæ‡li wgj‡bi D‡Øj mgc©Y I Avb›` GK AmvaviY bv›`wbK gvay‡h© aiv Av‡Q fv¯‹hw© U‡Z| cj K¬‡¬ `‡ji eY©bvq Ñ ÔbZRvby cyiælwU gyL Zz‡j, Zvi nvZ Avj‡Mv‡Q wN‡i Av‡Q bvixwUi AmvaviY jveY¨gq kixi| fv‡jvevmvi Av‡e‡k †PvL ey‡R Sz‡u K c‡o‡Q AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi fw½‡Z| euv-nvZwU †hb Aekfv‡e Sz‡j Av‡Q| Wvb nv‡Z †m †Kvgjfv‡e Avovj Ki‡Q Zvi eyK| †hb Gfv‡e †m †eu‡a ivL‡Z PvB‡Q ü`‡qi Av‡eM-Mfxi ¯ú‡k©i Avmbœ gyn‡~ Z©, GB Avb›`-wkni‡Yi †P‡q cweÎ Avi Kx Av‡Q?Õ ÔkKzšj Í vÕ †m-eQi †cj m¤§vb Ges gh©v`vi cyi¯‹vi| evB‡ii RM‡Z K¨vwgBi cÖ_g eo ¯^xK…wZ| K¨vwgB fve‡Qb, Gevi nq‡Zv Avm‡e ¯^vaxbfv‡e wb‡Ri KvR Kivi Rb¨ `iKvwi Avw_©K mnvqZv Avi M¨vjvwii c„ô‡cvlKZv| cwie‡Z© G‡jv Pvcv ¸Äb bvbv mgv‡jvP‡Ki †_‡K| ÔkKzšj Í vÕ bvwK Avm‡j i`u¨viB KvR, K¨vwgB ïay jveY¨‡hvRbv K‡i‡Qb| eQi`y‡qK Av‡M 1886 †_‡KB Zuv‡`i m¤ú‡K© GKUv S‡ov mgq ïiæ n‡qwQj| cvix †Q‡o Bsj¨v‡Û P‡j †M‡jb K¨vwgB| Zvi Av‡MB i`u¨vi mvgvwRK †gjv‡gkvi Abyôvb¸‡jvq, †hLv‡b GKmg‡q m„wói h‡_ó c~Rv †c‡Zb K¨vwgB, †m¸‡jvB Amn¨ †VK‡Z jvMj K¨vwgBi Kv‡Q| Avi wQ‡jb †ivR e¨‡i Ñ i`u¨vi mšÍv‡bi weevnnxb gv Ñ GKv nv‡Z whwb mvg‡j‡Qb i`u¨vi Mvn©¯¨’ I †gRvR-nviv‡bv AvµgYvZ¥K wkíx‡K| K¨vwgBi †Luv‡R i`u¨vI Bsj¨v‡Û cv ivL‡jb| A½xKvi Ki‡jb K¨vwgB Qvov Avi Kv‡iv wkÿK n‡eb bv wZwb, wkíxgn‡ji Avµg‡Y cv‡k _vK‡eb K¨vwgBi Avi BZvwj †_‡K wd‡i we‡q Ki‡eb K¨vwgB‡K| K¨vwgBI ivwR n‡jb cÖwZgv‡m Pvievi i`u¨vi m‡½ wgwjZ n‡Z| wKš‘ hv m‡›`n Ki‡Zb Av‡M, †mUvB µ‡g w¯’i wek¦v‡m †R‡b †M‡jb, cÖ_g Rxe‡bi evÜex Ges myL-`yt‡Li mvw_‡K †Q‡o i`u¨v †Kv‡bvw`bB K¨vwgBi m‡½ Ni euva‡eb bv| Zuvi QKKvUv Rxe‡b GZ eo Szwu K

100

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Ryb, 1933) wb‡Ri my‡i : ÔAvq Avq ev`j wcqvmxÕ (K_v : Awbj Kzgvi wek¦vm) I ÔH †Zv Gj S‡oi ivwÎÕ (K_v : †gvmv‡ni †nv‡mb †PŠayix)| Zvici wewfbœ †iK‡W© †kvbv‡jb AvMgbx, fRb, MxZ, k¨vgvmsMxZ cÖfw… Z| Zuvi PwP©Z K‡Éi Mv‡bi cÖmv`¸Y Ab¯^xKvh©| Z‡e myimªóv wn‡m‡eB Zuvi cwiwPwZ ˆZwi nj Ges G‡ÿ‡Î wb‡Ri RvqMvI K‡i wb‡jb AwP‡iB| cÖ_g ¯^vaxbfv‡e A_©vr GKKfv‡e msMxZ cwiPvjbv Ki‡jb 1935-Gi cv‡qi ay‡jv Qwe‡Z| Zvici gy¤v^ B‡qi mvMi gywf‡Uvb †_‡K WvK †c‡jb wnw›` Pjw”P‡Î myi †`Iqvi Rb¨| 1937 †_‡K 1939 gy¤v^ B‡Z iB‡jb Ges GKvwaK Qwe‡Z g‡b ivLvi gZ myi Ki‡jb| †hgb Ñ mvabv, DmKx Zgbœv, †jwWm Ibvj BZ¨vw`| wKš‘ gy¤v^ B‡Z _vKv nj bv| evevi Amy¯Z ’ vi Lei †c‡q wd‡i G‡jb KjKvZvq| Z‡e G‡mB KvRI †c‡q †M‡jb| Awf‡bZv-Pjw”PÎKvi cÖg‡_k P›`ª eo–qv Zuv‡K kvcgyw³ Qwe‡Z msMxZ cwiPvjbvi Kv‡R wbhy³ Ki‡jb| 1940-G gyw³cÖvß kvcgyw³ Qwei GKvwaK Mvb Ñ Ôevsjvi ea~ ey‡K Zvi gayÕ, ÔGKwU cqmv `vI †Mv eveyÕ (K_v : ARq fÆvPvh©) BZ¨vw` Mvb mvov RvMvj| cÖg‡_k eo–qvi †mŠR‡b¨ G-Qwe‡Z GK bZzb MvqK-bvq‡KiI Avwef©ve NUj : iexb gRyg`vi| Zvici cici KY©vR©by (1941), gv‡qi cÖvY (1941), cvlvY †`eZvq (1942) myi‡hvRbv| Avevi WvK †c‡jb gy¤v^ B Ges jv‡nvi †_‡KI| Avevi KjKvZv Qvo‡jb| †hvM w`‡jb †kwi wcKPvm© Ges gv‡nk¦ix wcKPv‡m©| 1944 †_‡KB eQiwZ‡bK jv‡nv‡i _vKvi myev‡` K‡qKwU wnw›` I D`y© Qwe‡Z msMxZ cwiPvjbv K‡ib Abycg, hvi g‡a¨ Av‡Q P¤úv, e`bvwg, Avqv evnvi, kvwjgvi, Lykbwme, dqmvjv, A¨vqmv wKD BZ¨vw`| jv‡nv‡iB †c‡jb ZiæY myiKvi †bŠkv` Avwj‡K, whwb cieZx©Kv‡j gy¤v^ B‡q wewkó myiKvi wn‡m‡e cÖwZôv cvb| jv‡nv‡i Aewk¨ †bŠkv` Abyc‡gi mn‡hvMx myiKv‡ii KvR K‡iwQ‡jb| mv¤úªwZKKv‡j `~i`k©‡b GK mvÿvrKv‡i †bŠkv` †m-K_v ¯§iY K‡i Abycg NUK‡K GK e¨wZµgx myimªóv wn‡m‡e wPwýZ K‡ib| 1946-G mviv‡`‡k †hb GK UvjgvUvj Ae¯’v| ivR‰bwZK Aw¯’iZv| †m-mgq AbycgI jv‡nvi †Q‡o wd‡i G‡jb KjKvZvq| nx‡ib emyi m‡½ mL¨ Avev‡iv cÖvY †cj| GB c‡e© nx‡ib emy-Abycg RywU cÖ_g †h-Qwe‡Z mvov RvMvj Zv nj kÖxZzjmx`vm (1950)| msMxZgyLi G-Qwe‡Z 33wU †`uvnv I Mvb| nx‡ib emyi K_vq I Abyc‡gi my‡i G-Qwei Mvb¸‡jv GKUv m¤ú`| †hgb ÔwjwLby †h wjwcLvwb wcÖqZgv‡iÕ, ÔAvwg Zby P›`bevwUÕ BZ¨vw`| †ngšÍ gy‡Lvcva¨vq Zuvi ¯^YK © ‡É ü`q DRvo K‡i MvB‡jb| Mvb¸‡jv †hvM¨fv‡eB †kÖvZ…mgv`i †cj| Gici †h-Qwe‡Z Abycg Amvgvb¨ KvR Ki‡jb Zv nj AwMœcixÿv (1954)| G-Qwei GKvwaK Mvb Av‡Rv mgvb AvKl©Yxq I Av‡e`bgq| we‡klZ mܨv gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi ÔMv‡b †gvi †Kvb B›`ªabyÕ| G-Mvb Kxfv‡e BwZnvm ˆZwi K‡iwQj Zv G-†jLvi ïiæ‡ZB wee„Z| mZxbv_ gy‡Lvcva¨vq Qwe‡Z we‡kl my‡hvM cvbwb †bc_¨ Mv‡bi| wKš‘ AwMœcixÿvi ÔRxebb`xi †RvqvifvUvqÕ ïay GB GKwU Mv‡bi Rb¨B ¯§iYxq n‡q _vK‡Z cv‡ib| †MŠixcÖmbœ gRyg`v‡ii †jLvq G-Mv‡b †hb GK Rxeb`k©b cÖwZfvZ, myi I Abyfe‡e`¨ Ges Abyc‡gi ¯^Kxq ˆewk‡ó¨B Gi Pjb Lye mij bq Ñ mZxbv_ Zv‡K c~Y© gh©v`v †`b ¯^cvÖ Y mÿg Mvq‡b| G-Qwe‡ZB mܨv gy‡Lvcva¨v‡qi Av‡iv wKQy Mvb Ñ Ô†K Zzwg Avgv‡i WvKÕ, Ôdz‡ji Kv‡b ågi Av‡bÕ wKsev Ôhw` fzj K‡i fzj gayi njÕ Ñ G‡KKwU Mvb G‡KK iKg| †mfv‡eB iƒcvwqZ K‡ib gayKÉx mܨv gy‡Lvcva¨vq| †m-mg‡qi GK cÖwZkÖæwZgq cÖwZfvevb wkíx Avíbv e‡›`¨vcva¨v‡qiI GKwU Mvb G-Qwe‡Z wQj : ÔAvR AvwQ Kvj †Kv_vq hveÕ| ïay GB kÖxZzjmx`vm Avi AwMœcixÿvi MvbB D‡b¥vwPZ Ki‡Z cv‡i GK

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myimªóvi e¨wZµgx ˆewPΨgq K…wZ‡K| kÖxZzjmx`v‡m Qwei welq Abyhvqx myi GK avivq, Avevi AwMœcixÿvq Ab¨iKg| Zuvi my‡ii GKUv mvaviY ˆewkó¨ n‡jv, my‡i †g‡jvwW _vK‡e wKš‘ myi Lye mnRc‡_ Pj‡e bv| ¯^iweb¨v‡m †µvgvwUK e¨envi _vK‡e, _vK‡e gx‡oi cÖ‡qvM| g~jZ wZwb D”Pv½msMxZwbf©i, wKš‘ KL‡bv Zv cÖKU n‡q I‡V bv| †hgb `„wó (1955) Qwe‡Z mܨv gy‡Lvcva¨vq I k¨vgj wg‡Îi ˆØZK‡Éi †mB Amvgvb¨ MvbwU ÔKzû Kzû e‡j †Kv‡qjvÕ| †g‡jvwW, my‡ii m~² bvbv KviæKvR Ñ me wgwj‡q GK Abb¨ ¯^v`| Pjw”P‡Îi Mv‡bi g‡Zv †ewmK AvaywbK Mv‡bI myimªóv Abycg NUK mdj I mv_©K| Avi G‡ÿ‡Î cÖavb wkíx †ngšÍ gy‡Lvcva¨vq| 1948-G nx‡ib emyi K_vq I Abyc‡gi my‡i †ngšÍ MvB‡jb ÔwcÖqvi †cÖ‡gi wjwcÕ Ges ÔïK‡bv kvLvi cvZv S‡i hvqÕ| 1951-†Z MvB‡jb Ô†mw`‡bi AcivnèKv‡jÕ I Ô†gN‡g`yi eiLv‡iÕ| nx‡ib emyi †jLvq GK ¯^vZš¿¨ Av‡Q, hv we‡klfv‡e cÖKvk cvq AcÖPj kãPq‡b-cÖ‡qv‡M| †hgb Ñ ÔcÙc‡Î bL-†iLvÕ, ÔbLivNvZÕ, (wcÖqvi †cÖ‡gi wjwc), ÔcÙ`‡jÕ, we‡`ªvnxweinÕ, ÔMvnb †LjvqÕ (†mw`‡bi AcivnèKv‡j), Ôg„Yvj-ejqÕ, Ô†gN-Abyiv‡MÕ (†gN‡g`yi eiLv‡i) BZ¨vw`| cv‡k Abyc‡gi myi Mfxi, †g‡jvwWwfwËK| Abyc‡gi my‡ii gybw& kqvbvi we‡kl cwiPq †g‡j ÔïK‡bv kvLvi cvZvÕ Mv‡b| GK cvÄvwe ÔnxiÕ Mvb †f‡O G-Mv‡bi myi iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb, hv evsjv Mv‡b cÖvq Af‚Zc~eB© ejv P‡j| Z‡e iex›`ªbv‡_i gvqvi †Ljv MxwZbv‡U¨i GK Mv‡b Ñ Ô†Kb Gwj †iÕ‡Z G-ai‡bi AjsKiY cÖ‡qvM Av‡Q wKš‘; ÔnxiÕ ï‡bB iex›`ªbv_ GgbUv K‡iwQ‡jb Zvi †Kv‡bv cÖgvY cvIqv hvq bv| hv‡nvK, ÔïK‡bv kvLvi cvZvÕ Mv‡b my‡ii Pjb mij bq, †QvU †QvU AjsKiYI Av‡Q| †ngšÍ Zv‡K mnRfv‡eB iƒcvwqZ K‡ib| A_P GKwU A™¢Z z aviYv LyeB e¨vß †h, †ngšÍ bvwK mnR Pv‡ji Mv‡bB mdj| GB Abycg ev mwjj †PŠayix, bwP‡KZv †Nvl Ñ Gu‡`i myi wK mnR? QvqvQwei g‡Zv Abyc‡gi †ek wKQy †ewmK Mv‡bi MxwZKvi †MŠixcÖmbœ gRyg`vi| †MŠixcÖmbœ-Abyc‡gi †hŠ_ cÖqv‡m Aek¨B D‡jøL‡hvM¨ : ÔAvKvkgvwU H NygvjÕ (†ngšÍ gy‡Lvcva¨vq), ÔMv‡b †Zvgvq AvR †fvjveÕ (mܨv gy‡Lvcva¨vq), ÔmvivivZ R¡‡j mܨvcÖ`xcÕ (kPxb ¸ß), ÔKvOv‡ji AkÖæ‡Z †hÕ (mvweÎx †Nvl), ÔGB Zzwg AvwgÕ (gvayix P‡Ævcva¨vq)| †k‡lv³ MvbwUi K_v †fvjv hvq bv : ÔGB Zzwg Avwg GKw`b P‡j hv‡ev, Icv‡ii Wv‡K/ Mvb ïay wPiw`b _v‡K|Õ myiI †Zgwb ggZvgq| Ab¨vb¨ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ †ewmK Abyc‡gi my‡i : ÔˆPwZ †Mva~wj hvq wd‡i hvqÕ (AwLjeÜz †Nvl), ÔcvwL e‡j Kv‡i †`eÕ (ZiæY e‡›`¨vcva¨vq), ÔGB nvwm GB euvwkÕ (K…òv M‡½vcva¨vq), ÔP¤úve‡b ˆPwZ nvIqvÕ (ˆngšÍx ïK¬v), Ôcv‡q Pjv c_Õ (AiæY `Ë) BZ¨vw`| kvwšÍ fÆvPv‡h©i †jLv ÔcvwL e‡j Kv‡i †`eÕ †iwWIi ig¨MxwZi Mvb| MvbwU c‡i †iK‡W© AiæY `Ë-ˆngšÍx ïév †M‡qwQ‡jb| 1956 mvj| kixiUv GK`g fv‡jv hv‡”Q bv Abyc‡gi| Zey ZviB g‡a¨ nx‡ib emyi GKZviv Qwei myi Ki‡Qb| msMxZgq Qwe, myZivs Mvb A‡bK, wkíxI eû : K…òP›`ª †`, ivavivbx †`ex, Qwe e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, abÄq fÆvPvh©, mܨv gy‡Lvcva¨vq, cvbœvjvj fÆvPvh©, k¨vgj wgÎ, gvb‡e›`ª gy‡Lvcva¨vq, Avíbv e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, MvqÎx emy cÖgLy | Gu‡`i‡K w`‡q MvIqv‡jb Mvb| wKš‘ GKZvivi gyw³ †`‡L †h‡Z cvi‡jb bv| gviY-†ivM evmv †eu‡awQj kix‡i| eøvW K¨vbmvi| 1956-i 12 wW‡m¤^i cÖqvZ n‡jb GB Amvgvb¨ myimªóv AKv‡j| GB wK P‡j hvIqvi mgq? Av‡iv KZ mg„× n‡Z cviZ evsjv Mvb Zuvi nvZ a‡i! Amg‡qi Wv‡K Icv‡i P‡j †M‡jI Zuvi Mvb †_‡K †M‡Q| †m-Mvb nvwi‡q hvIqvi bq| GLv‡bB GK mªóvi mv_©KZv| r


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wPwV cov †k‡l gv fviZxq ¯^vaxbZv wj‡Mi ay‡qv ai‡jb, ÔGwkqv di Gwkqvbm/ †Mv †nvg †nvqvBUmÕ| gv GZ Lywk †h, †hb Rvcvb bq, `v`vB hy‡× wR‡Z‡Q| †m-Lywki is †j‡M‡Q eveviI g‡b| ÔBwÛqv di BwÛqvbmÕ gv‡qi Ici †U°v w`‡q †møvMvb w`‡jb evev| wZwb wm½vcyi cZ‡bi ciw`b Rvcv‡bi cÖavbgš¿x †Zv‡Rvi †eZvi-fvlY cy‡ivUv Kv‡b †iwWI jvwM‡q ï‡b‡Qb| Zvici gv‡qi nvZ †_‡K wPwV wb‡q Avgvi w`‡K †PvL wU‡c gyPwK nvm‡jb, Ôme©bvk! GKB N‡i Aÿkw³, wgÎkw³! jovB eva‡j cvjve †Kv_vq| gvP© gv‡mI evB‡i wK cÖPÐ VvÛv!Õ iv‡Zi Lvev‡ii ci evev-gv ï‡Z P‡j †M‡j Avwg `v`vi wPwVLvwb nv‡Z K‡i dvqvi‡cø‡mi cv‡k ewm| e¨vsKK †_‡K gvj‡q †cuŠ‡Q‡Q `v`v| fviZxq ¯^vaxbZv wj‡Mi †ekwKQy Awdm †Lvjv n‡q‡Q Kzqvjvjvgcyimn gvj‡qi wewfbœ kn‡i| KvR Avi KvR| Rvcvb-AwaK…Z gvj‡q ivevi cø¨v‡›Ui kÖwgKmn fviZxq Awfevmx †Zv A¸bwZ, wj‡Mi cÖavb KvR Zv‡`i wbivcËv wbwðZ Kiv| Zvi Rb¨ Rvc-fviZ ˆgÎx wjd‡jU †Q‡o‡Q Rvcv‡bi †mbv e¨viv‡K Ñ Kxfv‡e fviZxq‡`i m‡½ K_v ej‡Z n‡e, †Kvb fvlvq †g‡q‡`i m¤¢vlY Ki‡Z n‡e, Gme Z_¨ w`‡q| G-e¨vcv‡i Rvcvwb †dŠ‡Ri KvQ †_‡K Avkvbyiƒc mvov wg‡j‡Q| ÔMvbwR?Õ A_©vr Zzwg MvÜxi `‡ji †jvK? Gi Rev‡e Ônu¨vÕ ïb‡j Zviv Lywk n‡q Kig`©b K‡ib| †g‡q‡`i gvbm¤£g wb‡qI ZvB fvebv †bB| hZ `y‡f©vM Px‡b Avi BD‡ivwkqvb‡`i| Zv‡`i †g‡qiv Rvcvwb‡`i †auvKv w`‡Z AvRKvj kvwo, †`vcvÆvq Kzqvjvjvgcy‡ii iv¯Ívq †e‡iv‡”Q| wPwV‡Z †b‡cvwjq‡bi weL¨vZ D×…wZ †S‡o‡Q `v`v Ñ Ôhy‡×i mgq kÎæi kÎæB Avgv‡`i wgÎ|Õ K_vUv ZLb Avi bZzb bq Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q| myfvl emyi †eZvi fvlY¸‡jv‡Z bvbv `„óvšÍ I e¨vL¨vmn AvKQvi GB ARynvZ| MvÜxi g‡Z, Zv ˆbwZK Avcm| cvwU© ejZ, nVKvwiZv| Av‡iv Kov fvlvq ÔKzBmwjsÕ| nq‡Zv ZvB| Ônq‡Zv †Kb? Kg‡iW Avcwb eÇ †eqvov|Õ ne nq‡Zv| ÔAvevi nq‡Zv!Õ Avgvi ZLb Kvbœv †c‡q hvw”Qj| Nifiv Kg‡i‡Wi mvg‡b †Ku‡` †dj‡j ej‡e Ñ ÔwgWjK¬vm †mw›U‡g›U!Õ Avwg gyL ay‡Z Kz‡qvZjvq P‡j hvB| †K wVK Ñ cvwU© bv Avwg? cvwU© Pvq KzÉvnxb AvbyMZ¨, †hgbwU †mbvevwnbx‡Z †`Lv hvq| †Kv‡bv cÖkœ bq, wØav bq| Aÿ‡i Aÿ‡i wb‡`©k †g‡b P‡jv| wb‡R‡KI Avwg ZLb wa°vi w`w”Qjvg Ñ Avgvi ¯^fveUvB ev GZ †eqvov †Kb| mevB gvb‡Z cvi‡j Avwg †Kvb Qvi| †Kvb ARynv‡Z Agvb¨ Kivi Agb `ytmvnm †`Lvw”Q! Zv‡`i e³e¨ LÐb Kivi g‡Zv †c‡U we‡`¨I †Zv †bB| ZvQvov nv‡Zi Kv‡Q ZLb Z_¨-DcvËB ev KB| m‡e fviZxq ¯^vaxbZv wj‡Mi ZrciZv ïiæ n‡q‡Q| c‡i B‡›`v-Pxb, _vBj¨vÛ, gvjq me©Î Awdm †Lv‡j wjM| G Awdm¸‡jv cÖKvivšÍ‡i RvZcvZ, fvlv, ag©, †kÖwY wbwe©‡k‡l †emvgwiK fviZxq‡`i AvcrKvjxb AvkÖq¯’j| mevB GK nuvwoi Lvevi Lvq| ¯^cœI Zv‡`i GKUv Ñ ¯^‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv| †h-†`k ¯^P‡ÿ †`‡Lwb, ü`‡q AuvKv n‡q wM‡qwQj| Zvi Rb¨ me©¯^ Z¨vM K‡i‡Q, hy‡× j‡o‡Q| †g‡qiv Mv‡qi Mqbv Ly‡j w`‡q ïay †g‡qwj `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡iwb, c¨v›U-eykkv‡U© mvgwiK cÖwkÿY wb‡q mg‡i †b‡g‡Q| ivwb Suvwm evwnbxi †g‡qiv bvwK weªwUk ˆmb¨‡`i †eq‡bU PvR© Ki‡Z me©`v gywL‡q _vKZ| †m GK Af‚Zc~e© RvMiY| hv m¤¢e K‡iwQj nVKvix Ges ÔKzBmwjsÕ myfvl| Avwg hLb Kz‡qvZjvq `uvwo‡q cÖvYc‡Y Kvbœv PvcwQ, ZL‡bv `wÿY-c~e© Gwkqvq myfvl emyi

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Kg©hÁ ïiæ nqwb| nVvr nVvr Zuvi Mjv †kvbv hvq my`~i evwj©b †_‡K Kuvcv Kuvcv †eZvi Zi‡½| Gev‡i Av‡Mi K_vq wd‡i Avwm| ZL‡bv kxZKvj| Avwg wkjs‡qi evwoi †mvdvq evey n‡q e‡m ivZ †R‡M `v`vi wPwV cowQ| hw`I GKw`b ci Avgvi Bswjk †m‡KÛ †ccvi cixÿv| `v`v wj‡L‡Q Ñ Rvcvwb‡`i Kv‡Q weªwUk evwnbxi AvZ¥mgc©Y †`L‡Z wm½vcyi wM‡qwQj| wgÎc‡ÿi jÿvwaK †dŠ‡Ri A‡a©KB weªwUk-fvi‡Zi bvMwiK| AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi ZvwiLUv GLb mevi Rvbv Ñ 17 †deªæqvwi, 1942 mvj| †mw`b wm½vcy‡ii dv‡ii cv‡K© cÂvk nvRvi fviZxq ˆmb¨ A¨v‡Ubkb n‡q `uvovq| ZL‡bv Zviv Rv‡b bv Ñ AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi ci fv‡M¨ Kx Av‡Q| GB wekvj evwnbx wb‡qB wKQyw`b ci M‡o I‡V AvRv` wn›` †dŠR| eQi `yB ev‡` hviv †bZvwRi †bZ…‡Z¡ †Kvwngvi cZb NUvq, Bçj `xN©w`b Ae‡iva K‡i iv‡L| Avgiv ZLb ïay RvbZvg Rvcvwbiv Avm‡Q| Bç‡ji ciB †Zv wWgvcyi| eªþcy‡Îi c~e© Zxi, Avmvg ivR¨mn c~e©evsjv †Pv‡Li cj‡K MÖvm K‡i †b‡e| weªwUkiv‡Ri wgwWqv †m݇ii `vc‡U Av¸qvb AvRv` wn‡›`i bvg ch©šÍ ZLb †kvbv hvqwb| GwU wQj gv‡qi bv‡g Avmv `v`vi †kl wPwV| KZ cÖv‡Yv”Qj, Rxe‡bi ù‚wZ©‡Z ficyi! wkjs‡qi †mB wn‡gj iv‡Z Gi Dò cik Avwg Av‡Rv Abyfe Kwi| ïb‡Z cvB dv‡ii cv‡K© we‡`ªvnx †gRi †gvnb wms‡ni weªwUkwe‡ivax R¡vjvgqx e³…Zv Avi cv‡qi Kv‡Q wc¯Íj bvgv‡bv ˆmwbK‡`i MMbwe`vix †møvMvb Ñ BbwKjve wR›`vev`| nvRvi nvRvi Uzwc Do‡Q wm½vcy‡ii mvgyw`ªK †bvbv evZv‡m| ZL‡bv wcwQ‡qcov fviZxq ˆmb¨iv gvj‡qi Mwnb R½‡j| ivevi evMvb †_‡K †ivRB AvnZ, c½y, eyfzÿz ˆmb¨‡`i †÷ªPv‡i K‡i Avb‡Z n‡”Q `v`v‡`i| Zv‡`i Rb¨ Lvevi PvB, Ilya PvB, e¯¿ PvB| Gm‡ei mva¨g‡Zv †RvMvb w`‡”Q gvj‡qi Awfevmx fviZxqiv| `v`vi wPwV‡Z ivevi evMv‡bi eY©bv c‡o AevK gvb‡Z nq| Mv‡Qi mvwii gvSLv‡bi miæc_ w`‡q †÷ªPv‡i gyg~l©y ˆmwbK‡`i Uvb‡Z Uvb‡Z evMv‡bi wbLyuZ R¨vwgwZK QKUv †PvL f‡i †`‡LwQj `v`v| QvZvi g‡Zv †gjv‡bv cÎivwRi duvK M‡j jywU‡qcov wmœ» †KŠwYK Av‡jv, wSiwS‡i evZvm, gvwUi †muv`v MÜ Ñ wKQyB ev` c‡owb wPwV †_‡K| `v`v †Zv Avgvi g‡Zv Ck¦i-Awek¦vmx KwgDwb÷ bq! ZvB wPwVi Q‡Î Q‡Î fMev‡bi cÖwZ AKzÉ K…ZÁZv S‡i cowQj| Avwg cov‡k‡l wPwVLvbv †ccviI‡q‡U Pvcv w`‡q hLb DwV, ZLb iv‡Zi †kl cÖni| Kv‡Vi †g‡S‡Z cv wU‡c wU‡c wb‡Ri N‡i hvB| AÜKvi nvZ‡o †j‡ci wb‡P Xz‡K cwo| Kv‡Vi cvwU©k‡bi Icv‡k evev-gv Mfxi wb`ªvq| GKUv myLx Dò nvIqv eB‡Q †MvUv evwo Ry‡o| evwK ivZUzKz Avwg †R‡MB KvwU‡q w`B| GLv‡b Avgvi Avi Kx KvR| cixÿv †k‡l †Svjv Kuv‡a †ewi‡q coe, P‡j hve myigv DcZ¨Kvq|

wm›`ev‡`i RvnvR

mvwebv‡K Muv‡qi †g‡Vvc_ w`‡q nuvU‡Z †`‡L eofvB †LvKvi K_vB nq‡Zv †jv‡Ki g‡b c‡o| GKRb AKvjg„Z, Av‡iKRb fvZviQvov| (mvwebvi weevnwe‡”Q`Uv Iiv g‡b †i‡L‡Q, c‡ii we‡qUv bq)| gvwU Avi A½vi| cÖ_gR‡bi cÖwZ nq‡Zv wbLv` KiæYv| ÿY¯’vqx `ywbqv`vwii K_v †f‡e †Pv‡L cvwb P‡j Av‡m| wØZxqRb †mB †Pv‡L R¡vjv awi‡q Av¸‡bi njKv Qov‡Z Qov‡Z hvq| e¨vUv ¯^fv‡ei DobPÐx †g‡qgvbyl n‡j hv nq|

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GB fvebvUv nq‡Zv mvwebviB, †h g‡b K‡i nv‡Zi Zvjyi g‡Zv Muv‡qi †jv‡Ki bvwobÿÎ me Ii †Pbv, hv `xN©w`b `~‡i _vKvq I fz‡j †h‡ZI cviZ| Kvh©Z Zv m¤¢e nqwb bxnvi evbyi KvimvwR‡Z| wZwb Muv‡qi †jv‡Ki wMeZ LyuwU‡q LyuwU‡q A‡b¨i gy‡L ïb‡Zb Avi mvwebvi cÖwZUv †emvgvj KvR-Kvievi wnmve K‡i †mBg‡Zv wPwV ev †dv‡b Zv DM‡i w`‡Zb| wPwVi †k‡l gb fv‡jv Kiv KweZvi D×…wZ _vKv m‡Ë¡I `uv‡Z `uvZ evwo †LZ mvwebvi| Avi †dv‡bi †ejvq wZ³Zv Avi A¯^w¯Í wb‡q I cÖwZeviB wiwmfvi bvwg‡q ivLZ| GB eq‡m wZ³Zv bv _vK‡jI A¯^w¯ÍfveUv g‡b nq i‡q †M‡Q| ZvB †Rvniv‡`i evwoi gyLcvZ †_‡K I m‡i G‡m euvK †bq cyKzicv‡oi w`‡K| †h-cyKz‡ii cvwb‡Z †Rvnivi my›`ix PvwP w`bfi †WvevWzwe Ki‡Zb| wZwb KwoKv‡V duvm wb‡j Muv‡qi †jv‡Kiv bvwK ejvewj KiwQj Ñ KvRUv †m wn›`y¯Ív‡b e‡m Ki‡jB cviZ| MuvIUvI euvPZ Ly‡bi `yb©vg †_‡K| Avm‡j †gvUv A‡¼i Nyl bv †c‡q cywjk AvZ¥nZ¨vi ¯’‡j nZ¨vgvgjv Vz‡K †`q| PvwPi ¯^vgx webvwePv‡i `xN© nvRZev‡mi mgq RwÛ‡m fz‡M g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib| Ônvq †i, Kvi Aciv‡a †K mvRv cvq! `ywbqvi GB wePvi!Õ mvwebv Mi‡gi QywU‡Z †nv‡÷j †_‡K evwo G‡j, bxnvi evbyi Rev‡b †kv‡b †Rvnivi `v`vi G AwšÍgKvjxb †L‡`vw³| †Rvniv‡`i cyKz‡ii fvOv cvo †e‡q dm‡ji gv‡V bv‡g mvwebv| mewR †ÿ‡Zi AvB‡j †nuvPU †L‡q c‡o DV‡Z DV‡Z fv‡e Ñ mv‡a wK †jv‡K cv †_‡K m¨v‡Ûj Ly‡j nv‡Z wb‡q nuv‡U! AvBj¸‡jv †Zv KvU‡Z KvU‡Z miæ `wo evwb‡q †d‡j‡Q| Rwgb Kg, gvbyl †ewk| Zey fvM¨ fv‡jv †h, †KD Ii cZb †`L‡Z cvqwb| ZL‡bv eyKmgvb †XuomMv‡Qi Avov‡ji hyMjg~wZ© Ii bR‡i c‡owb| evZv‡m KxUbvk‡Ki Zxeª `yM©Ü| †ÿ‡Zi AvBj Qvwc‡q Dc‡Pcov KPK‡P meyR †Xuo‡mi ¯Í‚c| Ggb evnvwi †h, we‡li MÜUv bv‡K bv jvM‡j KuvPv †L‡Z B”Qv KiZ| ZL‡bv †Xuom †Zvjv †kl nqwb, mvwebv‡K †`LvgvÎ eDUv gv_v †Zv‡j Ñ ÔZzwg GKjvB AvB‡Qv? iæw° KB?Õ _g‡K `uvovq mvwebv| I fz‡jB †MwQj Muv‡qi †jvKRb †ivLmvbv‡K iæw° Wv‡K| ¯^vgxUv †Xuom‡evSvB euv‡ki SuvKvUv gv_vq Zzj‡Q| eD‡K ej‡Q Ñ Ôiæw° KZ eo Wv³i Rvbm wb ZzB? †nwZ †Zvi e¨vwÛ‡LZ †`LZ AvBe!Õ GZ eo †evSvUv gv_vq! mvwebv c_ †Q‡o cv‡ki Plv †L‡Z †b‡g co‡j †jvKUv `uvovq, ÔAv †Mv Av‡Wv! Av‡M evovI! AvW‡Z AvW‡Z K_v KB|Õ K_v Avi Kx| cvMjv KzËvq Kvgov‡j iæw° K‡e bvwfg~‡j myB †`Iqvi e‡›`ve¯Í K‡iwQj, †mB †K”Qv| mvwebv wcwQ‡q c‡o| eDUv †Kb †ivLmvbvi K_v Rvb‡Z PvBj? mvwebv Avi e¨vwÛ‡ÿ‡Z †d‡i bv| evwo wdi‡Z wdi‡Z fv‡e Ñ †jvKUvi eqm KZ wQj, hLb I‡K KzKz‡i Kvgovq? mgvR‡mevq †ivLmvbvi hZLvwb myL¨vwZ, cy‡ivUvB B›Uvb©wk‡ci mg‡qi| c‡i GdwmwcGm covi Pv‡c e¨¯Í n‡q c‡o| we‡`‡kI KvUvq wKQyw`b| Zvici †Zv K¨vwiqvi Mo‡ZB RxebcvZ| evev-gv Amy¯’ n‡jI evwo Av‡m bv| Mvwo cvwV‡q XvKvq wb‡q hvq| GK-`yevi Aek¨ G‡mwQj| Zv-I GK †ejvi Rb¨| †klevi bvwK Muv‡qi wPwKrmvcÖv_x©‡`i wf‡oi Pvc Gov‡Z †Rv‡i QyU‡Z wM‡q Ii Mvwoi PvKv †d‡U hvq| e¨vcviUv bxnvi evbyi cQ›` nqwb| mvwebv Rv‡b bv Ñ †ivMxi Pvc bvwK Mvwoi PvKv dvUv, †KvbUv Av¤§vi AcQ›`| wZwb †Zv Afv‡ei msmv‡i webv wd‡Z ¯^vgx‡K †ivMx †`L‡Z w`‡Zb| †h-N‡i wcÖq KweZv ev Ava¨vwZ¥K


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wK¤¢~Z †Pnvivq wb‡R‡K †g‡j a‡i‡Q| ZLb Muv‡qi wekvj dmwj gv‡Vi mv`v †auvqvi g‡Zv Kzqvkvi Avov‡j †hb GK gvqvex `ywbqv jyKv‡bv wQj| g‡b n‡Zv GB †mB PviYf‚wg, †hLv‡b BqvKze bexi cyÎiv †gl PivZ| †QvUfvB BDmy‡di cÖwZ I‡`i wiismviI Rb¥ GLv‡b| Mv‡Qi Qvqvgq †ÿ‡Zi †Kv‡Yi Mfxi MZ©Uv, hv kx‡Zi †gŠmy‡g ïwK‡q wM‡q eo eo KuvUvMv‡Q f‡i DVZ, ILv‡bB BDmyd‡K av°v †g‡i †d‡j w`‡qwQj Zuvi fvB‡qiv| GKw`b a~mi †Nvovi wc‡V B‡q‡g‡bi ewYK‡`iI †m-gv‡Vi Kzqvkv dzu‡o †ewi‡q Avm‡Z †`‡L| ZLbB QyU‡Z QyU‡Z evwo Av‡m| BDmyd‡K MZ© †_‡K Zz‡j wb‡Z ewYK`j Avm‡Q Ñ bxnvi evby cyKz‡i ARy Ki‡Z hvw”Q‡jb, mvwebvi gy‡L G Am¤¢e K_v ï‡b `uvwo‡q hvb| GKUz g‡b nq wek¦vmI KiwQ‡jb| ev fvewQ‡jb nq‡Zv, `~i AZx‡Zi †mB ¯^cœc~i‡Yi Kvwnwb eZ©gv‡bi `ywbqvq mwZ¨Kv‡i wd‡i AvmvUv KZ bv Avb›`gq, hv eB‡qi cvZv †_‡K weKxY© n‡q Zuvi †QvU †g‡qi KwPgy‡L Acvi we¯§‡q dz‡U D‡V‡Q| bv n‡j ZLbB ej‡Z cvi‡Zb Ñ a~mi †Nvov `ywU cv‡ki Muv‡qi wR›`vcx‡ii _v‡bi| Iiv †jv‡Ki g‡b mgxn RvMv‡Z evwl©K Ii‡mi Rb¨ avb Zzj‡Z †Nvov wb‡q Av‡m| Zv‡Z hvicibvB KvR nq| evwoi `iRvq †Nvov _vg‡j †KD GKRb †ewi‡q †Nvovi gyL a‡ib| Zvi †cQ‡b Av‡m avgv fiv DVv‡bi gvovB‡qi avb| ¯^‡cœi g‡Zv Av‡iKUv `„k¨ GL‡bv mvwebvi †Pv‡L fv‡m| Kzqvkv-Av”Qvw`Z kx‡Zi weKvj| dm‡ji gv‡Vi †kl cÖv‡šÍi LvjUv ZLb Mv‡Oi g‡Zv PIov wQj| KvM‡R-Kj‡g hvi bvg ÿx‡iv b`x| el©vq Kvbvq Kvbvq f‡i DVZ b`xUv| ZLb wkKomy× Dc‡o Avmv MvQ, †SvcSvo cÖej †mªv‡Zi Uv‡b N~wY© †L‡Z †L‡Z †f‡m †hZ| `~i`~ivšÍ †_‡K iwOb cvj Dwo‡q AvmZ ¸YUvbv Kvievwii bvI| wgwóAvjy, gvwUi nuvwo, evmb-†Kvmb †e‡P w`bv‡šÍ †bvOi Zz‡j †di †f‡m †hZ| †e‡` †bŠKv¸‡jv G‡m m‡½ m‡½ P‡j †hZ bv| †e‡jvqvwi Pzwo Avi RwoeywUi e¨emv †du‡` _vKZ wKQyw`b| kx‡Zi †gŠmy‡g b`xUv ÿxY‡Zvqv| Zjvq Rj _vK‡jI †XD †bB| †QvU †QvU bvjvq wef³| gv‡S gv‡S †fRv evjyi Piv| †miKg GK Pivq `~i †_‡K Nb Kzqvkvq fvmgvb Rvnv‡Ri K¼vj †`Lvi ci, mvwebv A‡bK w`b wek¦vm K‡i‡Q Ñ GUv †i½yb †_‡K AveŸvi wdiwZ RvnvR| †h-mgqUvq Iiv KjKvZv‡K ejZ AveŸvi KjKvZv| K¨v¤ú‡ej †gwWK¨vj K‡jR‡K ejZ AveŸvi K¨v¤ú‡ej| RvnvRUvi AvK…wZ wb‡q mvwebvi g‡b m‡›`n wQj bv| G GKiKg gyL¯’B cÖvq| I wm›`ev` bvwe‡Ki mvgyw`ªK S‡o AvµvšÍ cvj‡Quov, fvOv gv¯‘‡ji Rvnv‡Ri QweUv †cbwm‡ji †Mvovq N‡l N‡l KZevi Avie¨ iRbxi cvZv †_‡K wb‡Ri ivdLvZvq Zz‡j‡Q! Z‡e GwU S‡oi Ke‡j c‡owb| hy‡×i eQi`yB ci AveŸv‡K †i½yb †_‡K wb‡q G‡m ÿx‡iv b`xi Pivq AvU‡K wM‡qwQj| GK RvqMvq c‡o _vK‡Z _vK‡Z K¼v‡ji `kv| Ô†Zvgvi †Zv Lye eyw×! Gi GKUz-AvaUz cov‡kvbvi Kv‡R jvMvI!Õ G-Dc‡`kUv mvwebv‡`i GK jwRsgv÷v‡ii, hvi Kv‡Q †nvgIqvK© Kivi †P‡q Mí Ki‡ZB I †ewk fv‡jvevm‡Zv| Zvici GKB RvqMvq †iŠ`ªv‡jv‡K euv‡ki KvVv‡gvi gvQ aivi f¨vj †`‡LI Kíbvq RvnvRUv‡K euvwP‡q iv‡L mvwebv| Zv‡Z AZwK©Z AvNvZ Av‡m Kv‡kg wgqvi KvQ †_‡K| Kv‡kg wgqv‡K mvwebvi fvB‡ev‡biv Kv‡kg wgqv e‡jB WvKZ| hw`I PvPv WvKvi Rb¨ `vw`i Avgj †_‡K I‡`i‡K Pvc †`Iqv nw”Qj| cÂvk mv‡ji `ywf©‡ÿ KZ gv‡qi †Kvj Lvwj n‡q‡Q! mvqgv LvZzb ej‡Zb, AvjøvncvK AK…ZÁ ev›`v‡K cQ›`

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K‡ib bv, Zuvi †Kv‡j †m-mg‡qB †Zv Mvdziæi iwng †Q‡j w`‡jb, Ac‡ii †c‡Ui n‡jI| ZLb †h Kx Afve Ñ e‡j †evSv‡bv hv‡e bv| Av¯Í Pv‡ji fvZ †Zv `~‡ii K_v, Ly‡`i RvDI †g‡j bv| †gvqv‡¾g n‡Ki RvD cQ›` bq e‡j mvqgv LvZzb ZLb Ly‡`i †dbvfvZ iuva‡Zb| wb‡Riv †L‡Z emvi Av‡M gRy‡K ¯§iY K‡i, Zv †_‡K GKnvZv Miæi d¨vb LvIqvi gvwUi Pvwo‡Z †i‡L Avm‡Zb PzwcPzwc| ZvB wb‡q ivZ _vK‡ZB gvbyl Avi KzKz‡i cvovcvwo| Amg‡q Nyg †f‡O wei³ n‡Zb †g‡ni Avwj| weiw³ Pi‡g DV‡j jvwVnv‡Z †ewi‡qI †h‡Zb| GKw`b mvqgv LvZzb †`‡Lb Ñ †mvqvwg †ewi‡q Avi wdi‡Qb bv| Ggb PÐ †gRvR, LybLvivweB wK K‡i emj? ev”Pvi Mjvq wgwn Kvbœv Kv‡b Avm‡Z wZwbI N‡ii evB‡i Av‡mb| ZLb ki‡Zi KvK‡fvi| Kzqvkvi duv‡K GKUz-AvaUz Av‡jv dz‡U‡Q| †mB AveQv Av‡jvq †`‡Lb Ñ Zvi ¯^vgx †hb VvWv-cov gi`, DVv‡bi †Kv‡Y cvÌi n‡q `uvwo‡q Av‡Qb| Pvwoi av‡i Mv‡Qi ¸uwoi g‡Zv GKUv wKQy| cv‡kB bovPov Ki‡Q †QvÆg‡Zv GKUv wKjwe‡j cÖvYx| mvqgv LvZzb‡K †`‡L a‡o cÖvY †d‡i †g‡ni Avwji| fvOv Mjvq e‡jb Ñ ÔevwË Av‡bv PvB!Õ N‡i †Zj _vK‡jB †Zv evwË R¡j‡e| Lvwj nv‡Z GwM‡q wM‡q ev”PvUv‡K †Kv‡j †bb mvqgv LvZzb| Mv‡Qi ¸uwoUv †h gvbyl, KvQ †_‡K Zv ¯úó n‡jI giv bv wR›`v Vvni nq bv| ¯^vgx‡K Zv ej‡Z, †g‡ni Avwj †jvKUvi Mv‡q nvZ †VwK‡q gv_v bv‡ob Ñ ÔVvÛv eid! nvBÄv ivB‡ZB gi‡Q g‡b nq|Õ ZLb iv¯ÍvNv‡U givi QovQwo| †Kv_vKvi gvbyl †Kv_vq †h‡Z †h‡Z g‡i| miKvwi j½iLvbvI †Zv Zuv‡`i evwo †_‡K gvBjcuv‡PK `~i, †hLv‡b KjvcvZvq d¨vbfv‡Zi jcwm wejvq| evcUv nq‡Zv ILv‡bB hvw”Qj eQi`y‡q‡Ki Avagiv K¼vjmvi †Q‡j‡K wb‡q| †Lv`vi Kx Kz`iZ, wb‡R g‡i ev”PvUv‡K _y‡q †M‡Q Zuvi DVv‡b| Gme mvqgv LvZzb c‡i †f‡e‡Qb| ZLb †g‡ni Avwj dR‡ii bvgvR co‡Z gmwR‡`i w`‡K nuvUv w`‡j, wZwb ev”PvUv‡K ey‡K Rwo‡q N‡i Xz‡K †KIqvi Zz‡j †`b| `ycyi ch©šÍ govUv DVv‡b c‡o _v‡K| MuvIUv †Zv weivb ZLb| hviv Av‡Q, Zviv Abvnv‡i ayuK‡Q| KvcojZvi Afv‡e Ni †_‡KI †e‡ivq bv we‡kl| †e‡iv‡jI Zv Lvj-we‡j KPz-†NuPzi mÜv‡b| DVvbUv ZvB duvKvB wQj| ivLvj †Q‡jUv‡K cyKzi †_‡K Nov w`‡q cvwb Avb‡Z e‡j †g‡ni Avwj gy`©vi †Mvmj w`‡Z e‡mb| Av‡M †MvmjUv †nvK, †Mvi¯Ív‡b †bIqvi †jvK †Lv`vB †RvUv‡eb| kix‡ii GKgvÎ emb †Kvg‡i Rov‡bv Z¨vbvUv mwi‡q †g‡ni Avwj Zv¾e Ñ g`©‡jvK, A_P LZbv nq bvB! Gi gv‡b Kx? Mv KuvUv w`‡q I‡V Zuvi| weagx©i gy`©v, †Mvm‡ji †`vqv-`yiæ` co‡j wRe L‡m co‡e| †g‡ni Avwj Z¨vbvUv RvqMvg‡Zv wewQ‡q w`‡q PURjw` D‡V c‡ob| hZ ZvovZvwo m¤¢e LeiUv wn›`ycvovq Rvbv‡bv `iKvi| mvqgv LvZzb wK Av‡M †_‡KB †m iKg wKQy AuvP K‡iwQ‡jb? †mB †fvi †_‡K Zuvi N‡ii `yqv‡i wLj| GKevi ïay evwj© R¡vj w`‡Z D‡V wM‡q †di G‡m e‡m‡Qb gyg~ly© ev”PvUvi wkq‡i| LeiUv ¯^vgxi gy‡L ï‡b Zuvi †Pv‡Li cvZvI Kuvcj bv| weowewo‡q ïay ej‡jb Ñ weagx© †divD‡bi cÖvmv‡` eo nb bvB gymv bex, †h wQj Avevi AvR‡b¥i `ykgb! G-†Q‡j Av‡M euvPzK, eo n‡q Kx nq †`Lv hv‡e| G `‡Ð ev”Pvi LeiUv †Mvcb ivLv Riæwi| †mg‡ZvB e¨e¯’v n‡qwQj| we‡Kj bvMv` †Wvg G‡m jvkUv wb‡q hvq|

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MíUv †kvbvi ci mvwebv †f‡e‡Q, `vw`i kvnbvgv cov _vK‡j wZwb nq‡Zv wb‡R‡K cÿxgvZv wmgyM© fve‡Zb| hvi †ndvR‡Z gnvexi iæ¯Í‡gi wcZv Rvj eo n‡qwQj| cvwLi LuvPvq, cvwLi wkKvi Kiv Lvevi †L‡q gbyl¨ mšÍÍv‡bi †e‡o IVv Av‡iv `ya©l©| wmgyM© Rv‡ji bvg †i‡LwQj `v¯Ívb| mvqgv LvZzb ev”PvUvi bvg iv‡Lb Kv‡kg| 1948 mv‡ji †deªæqvwi-gv‡P© Kv‡kg wgqvi eqm cÖvq mvZ| Gi g‡a¨ `yišÍcbvq Muv‡qi †miv Avi ev‡bvqvU K_v ejvq wg_y¨K wn‡m‡e h‡_ó bvg K‡i‡Q| mvqgv LvZzb g‡b Ki‡Zb Ñ w`‡j `qvgvqv bvB, ZvB K_v †kv‡b bv, †Pv‡Li w`‡K ZvwK‡q wg_¨v e‡j| ÔGK Mv‡Qi Qvj Av‡iK Mv‡Q †Rvov jq bv|Õ G wQj mvZ eQi eq‡mi Kv‡kg wgqv m¤ú‡K© †g‡ni Avwji †kl K_v| †mB †Q‡j hLb evRv‡ii e¨vM iv¯Ívq †d‡j, wPrKvi Ki‡Z Ki‡Z Qy‡U Av‡m, ÔfvBRvb AvB‡Q †Mv, fvBRvb AvB‡Q| Avwg n¨v‡i evm _vBK¨v bvg‡Z †`LwQ|Õ †KD Zv wek¦vm K‡i bv| DjUv gvjvD‡bi ev”Pv, RvDiv e‡j Mvj †`q| evwo‡Z LeiUv †cuŠ‡Q w`‡qI †m we‡kl myweav Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| †g‡ni Avwji †Riv Ñ ÔevRv‡ii _Bj¨v †M‡Q KB? †Zv‡i bv ZvjwgQwi Avb‡Z cvWvBjvg! Avwg e‡j Kvwki †Pv‡W ivB‡Z NygvBZvg cvwi bv, evm _vBK¨v fvBRvb bvg‡Q! ZzB †n‡i wPbm, wg_y¨K †Kv_vKvi!Õ Ôwg_y¨K! wg_y¨K!Õ QvweŸk eQi ci mvwebvi gy‡LI GKB Acev`, hLb ÿx‡iv b`xi Pivq †gvqv‡¾g n‡Ki RvnvR †bvOi Kivi MíUv Dj‡U w`‡Z Kv‡kg wgqv †di ev‡mi Mí duv‡`| eKv †L‡qI Zvi gy‡L †mw`‡bi weRqxi nvwm| mvqgv LvZzb AvR †eu‡P †bB, †Lv`v Zuv‡i †enkZevmx Kiæb, ZLb †g‡ni Avwji †ivlvbj †_‡K wZwbB Kv‡kg wgqv‡K euvwP‡qwQ‡jb| LvwbK ci †Zv Zvi c‡ÿi †Rviv‡jv mvÿx mkix‡i evwoi DVv‡b nvwRi A‡Pbv fvBRvb, †gvqv‡¾g nK| wm›`ev‡`i So-SÅv-AvµvšÍ Rvnv‡Ri Av`‡j Mov Kíbvi RvnvRUv †envZ n‡q †M‡jI mvwebvi evevi mgy`ªc‡_ †i½yb cvwo †`IqvUv wg_¨v bq| wg_¨v bq ce©Z-Ai‡Y¨ Zuvi giYcY jovB| †gvqv‡¾g nK ej‡Zb Ñ ZLb euvP‡j MvwR gi‡j kwn`, euvPv-giv `ywUiB A_© wQj| ÔAv †Mv, †Zvgvi g‡b GZ is, Avgvi bvB| Kx Kiev ev‡ci exi‡Z¡i Kvwnwb w`qv?Õ ÔwjLe Av¤§v!Õ KvMRcÎ WvBwbs †Uwe‡ji GK cv‡k wewQ‡q †Pqvi †U‡b em‡Z em‡Z e‡j mvwebv| Ôû, G‡Zv w`b ev‡` ev‡c‡i wbqv †jLvi K_v g‡b AB‡Q! mg‡qi GK †duvo, Amg‡qi `k †duvo|Õ bxnvi evby e×N‡i Ny‡i Ny‡i e„ËvKv‡i nuvU‡Qb| g‡b nq ivMZ †Pnvivi LuvPvew›` evN| Avm‡j wKš‘ ev‡Z Kvey| Migcvwbi †evZj wb‡q GZÿ‡Y Zuvi ï‡q covi K_v| g‡bi †R` eRvq ivL‡Z eva©K¨RwbZ †iv‡Mi Ici †U°v w`‡q nuvU‡Qb ev iv‡Zi Lvev‡ii ci m‡½ m‡½ ï‡Z †bB Ñ †mB wbq‡gi ekeZx© n‡q nq‡Zv| mvwebv †cbwm‡ji †MvovUv WvBwbs †Uwe‡j VzK VzK K‡i Aw¯’ifv‡e| G welYœ evwoUvi †hb AZxZgyLx A`„k¨ GKUv Rvbvjv Av‡Q, hv I †Lvjv ivL‡Z Pvq| IUv w`‡q †auvqv Rov‡bv eviæ`MÜgq nvIqv XzK‡jI ÿwZ †bB| ZvB †Zv Avmvi K_v AvivKvb ev Bç‡ji cvnvo †_‡K| m‡½ gyg~l©yi KvZivwb Avi ¸wji kã| r (Pj‡e)


wKm&mv e‡jb †kn&iRv‡` iweksKi ej \7\ 114


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Ôkvjv, nvRvi nvRvi eQ‡ii wL‡` †c‡Ui †fZ‡i R‡g Av‡Q| hZ Xv‡jv, wb‡g‡l wgwj‡q hvq| AÜK‚c †`‡Lvwb? gvbyl‡K Qy‡o †dj‡Q †Zv †dj‡QB Ñ †kl Avi nq bv Ñ AÜK‚cI KL‡bv f‡i bv|Õ 116

e‡j DVj| Ñ AZ †mvRv? wm›`ev` `uv‡Zi duv‡K AvU‡K _vKv gvsm LyUu ‡Z LyUu ‡Z e‡j| Ñ GKUz Ny‡gv‡jB me wVK n‡q hv‡e| Gme Avgvi A‡f¨m Av‡Q| †Zvgiv †evanq Mwie gvby‡li LvIqv †`‡Lvwb? Ñ ZvB e‡j ivÿ‡mi g‡Zv? wm½g e‡j| Ñ †n-†n| wm›`ev` †n‡m DVj| Ñ wRb MvjvMvwj w`‡”Q ivÿm‡K| Ñ AZ Avwg †L‡Z cvwi bv| †auvqvi kixi †Zv| Ñ Zv e‡U| evgb wm›`ev` nvB Zz‡j e‡j, Ôcvi‡j eªþvÐUvB †L‡q wbZvg|Õ wm½g †n‡m I‡V, Ô†cU †d‡U g‡i †h‡Z|Õ Ñ AZ †mvRv bv| nuvU‡Z nuvU‡Z wewo‡Z myLUvb w`‡q e‡j wm›`ev`, Ôkvjv, nvRvi nvRvi eQ‡ii wL‡` †c‡Ui †fZ‡i R‡g Av‡Q| hZ Xv‡jv, wb‡g‡l wgwj‡q hvq| AÜK‚c †`‡Lvwb? gvbyl‡K Qy‡o †dj‡Q †Zv †dj‡QB Ñ †kl Avi nq bv Ñ AÜK‚cI KL‡bv f‡i bv|Õ iNycwZ Zvi Wv‡qwi‡Z wj‡L ivLwQj : ÔwfwLwi, AšÍZ cÖvPxbKv‡j, me †`‡kB wQj| Z‡e G †`‡k mycvÖ PxbKvj †_‡KB Abœwfÿv bvbv ai‡bi kv‡¯¿i mg_©b †c‡qwQj| AvkÖga‡g© eªþPvix civ‡bœ cvwjZ Ges †m wfÿv K‡i †LZ Ges wfÿvbœ AvPv‡h©i evwo‡ZI AvbZ| hwZ ev mbœ¨vm AvkÖ‡g, gvbyl djg~j msMÖn ev wfÿv K‡i| ˆRb mbœ¨vmxI wfÿv KiZ| †eŠ× mbœ¨vmxi wfÿvi K_v RvZK I Ab¨vb¨ me †eŠ×MÖ‡š’ eûwe¯Í…Z Kvwnwbi g‡a¨I cvIqv hvq| Ab¨vb¨ bvbv m¤úª`v‡qi K_v, we‡klZ ey× †evwajv‡fi c~‡e© †hme m¤úª`v‡qi ms¯ú‡k© Av‡mb Zuv‡`i K_vI cvIqv hvq| Guiv wQ‡jb åvg¨gvY mbœ¨vmx m¤úª`vq, AZGe Gu‡`i wfÿv‡bœ Ges msM„nxZ djg~‡jB ÿzav wbeviY Ki‡Z n‡Zv|Õ Ôcivk‡ii wfÿzm~Î MÖš’ Ges Ab¨vb¨ `vk©wbK I agx©q cÖ¯’v‡bI wfÿvi wb‡`©k †`Iqv Av‡Q| ÔA‡MnxÕ ev ÔAwb‡KZÕ gvbyl mgv‡R GK ai‡bi m¤§vb †c‡Zb| Guiv †h‡nZz wb‡Ri evwo‡Z ivbœv Ki‡Zb bv, ZvB c‡ii evwo wfÿv K‡iB w`bcvZ Ki‡Zb| A‡bK ai‡bi cv‡ci cÖvqwð‡ËI Ny‡i Ny‡i wfÿv K‡i LvIqvi weavb wQj, †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv eª‡ZI wfÿv Kivi weavb wQj| Kv‡RB mgv‡R M„nxi cvkvcvwk wfÿvRxexi Rb¨I GKUv e¨e¯’v wQj| Zx_©hvÎx wfÿv K‡iB †L‡Zb, eû Zx_©¯’v‡bI AbœmÎ _vKZ| Kv‡RB eû ÿzwaZ gvbyl wfÿvq cvIqv Lv‡`¨ RxebaviYI Ki‡Zb| wfÿv cvIqvi Rb¨ mgv‡R †ek wKQy M„nxi cÖ‡qvRb wQj, huviv wfÿv †`‡eb| A_©vr Gme msmvix †jv‡K‡`i Ñ †eŠ× mvwn‡Z¨ hv‡`i cÖavbZ ÔMncwZÕ (M„ncwZ=M„nx) ejv n‡q‡Q Ñ evwo‡Z ivbœv n‡Zv, Ges †m-ivbœvUv ïay evwoi

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GB NUbvi †Kv‡bv bvUKxq Mí ˆZwi Kiv hvq bv| Zvn‡jB †f‡O co‡e GB Dcgnv‡`‡ki ev¯ÍeZv Ñ ¯^vaxbZv, †`kfvM Ñ Avi gvbyl MvÜxwRi ev¯ÍeZv| avivevwnK, PgK`vi Mí bq, Zzwg G‡K LЉewP‡Î¨i gwngv `vI| `yw`‡bI evgb wm›`ev‡`i Nyg fv‡O bv| Zv‡K wN‡i GjvKvi gvby‡li wfo R‡g hvq, bvbviKg K_vi ¸Äb µgk fvix n‡Z _v‡K| meviB cÖvq fq, evgb †jvKwU gviv †M‡Q, cywjk Avm‡e, bvbv Sw°Sv‡gjvi ga¨ w`‡q †h‡Z n‡e| wm½g cvM‡ji g‡Zv †Pnviv wb‡q Zvi gv_vi Kv‡Q e‡mwQj| Ggb mgq nvB Zzj‡Z Zzj‡Z Nyg fvOj evgb wm›`ev‡`i| Pvicv‡ki mevi w`‡K wei³ n‡q ZvwK‡q †m `yB †PvL Wj‡Z _v‡K| GB Aem‡i Rgv‡qZ nvjKv n‡Z _v‡K| mevB wbwðšÍ, GKUv g„Z‡`‡ni Sv‡gjv †_‡K †invB cvIqv †Mj| RvqMvUv G‡Kev‡i duvKv n‡j wm½g SuvwS‡q e‡j, ÔAvwg ZLbB ey‡S wQjvg, AZ †L‡j †KD †R‡M _vK‡Z cv‡i? Zv e‡j `yw`b Nyg Ñ|Õ Ñ †Pvc| evgb wm›`ev`I Mjv Pwo‡q e‡j, Ôm‡e evM`v‡`i e›`i †Q‡o emivi w`‡K hvw”Q Ñ Õ Ñ gv‡b? Ñ Avgv‡`i ey‡ov bvweK wm›`ev‡`i m‡½| ØxcUv ch©šÍ †cuŠQ‡Z w`‡j bv| Ñ †Kvb Øxc? Ñ Av‡i Øxc †Kv_vq! †m †n-†n K‡i nvmj, Ô†m †Zv weivU GK wZwg gv‡Qi wcV| bvweK wm›`ev` †mUv‡K Øxc †f‡ewQj| wZwgUv bvwK eû hyM a‡i mgy‡`ªi gv‡S Ny‡gvw”Qj| wc‡V cwj R‡g wM‡q †mLv‡b MvQMvQvwj R‡b¥ †M‡Q|Õ Ñ ev‡R K_v Qv‡ov| Ñ †Pviv‡Mvßv!

Ñ gv‡b? Ñ †Kv_vq †h Kx †Pviv‡Mvßv jywK‡q _v‡K| GB a‡iv bv †Kb, †Zvgvi †c‡Ui †fZ‡i KZ KZ K…wg Ny‡i †eov‡”Q, Zzwg Rv‡bv? Ñ wKm&mvgn‡j K‡e hv‡e? iNycwZi ivMZ ¯^i| Ñ AvR ivZUzKz Ny‡gv‡Z w`b| wm›`ev` Kzwj nvZ KPjv‡Z KPjv‡Z e‡j, ÔKvj †fvi †fvi Avgiv †ewi‡q coe|Õ ej‡Z ej‡Z Avevi ï‡q c‡o wm›`ev`| Ñ GLbB Ny‡gv‡e Avevi? iNycwZi w`‡K ZvwK‡q evgb e‡j, ÔûRyi, wKQy Lvevi wgj‡e bv? `yw`b Nywg‡q eo wL‡` †c‡q‡Q|Õ Ñ Avevi Lv‡e? wm½g †PvL eo-eo K‡i ZvKvq| Ñ †auvqvi kixi †Zvgvi| wL‡`i Kx eyS‡e Zzwg? Ñ Kx Lv‡e? iNycwZ M¤¢xi ¯^‡i e‡j| evgb wm›`ev` wKQyÿY Pzc K‡i _v‡K| Zvici GK SUKvq D‡V e‡m e‡j, ÔAvR jv”Qv, c‡ivUv, fzbv †MvkZ n‡j fv‡jv nq| hw` GKUz ewUKvevi cvIqv hvq| A‡bKw`b Kveve LvBwb|Õ Ñ Zzwg †Zv Ruvnvcbv‡K wfwLwi evwb‡q Qvo‡e| wm½g e‡j| Ñ RvKvZ Kv‡K e‡j Rv‡bv? evgb wm›`ev` †PvL bvwP‡q e‡j| Ñ †Kb, `vb-LqivZ| Ñ `~i, `~i| wKQy Rv‡bB bv| UvKv-cqmv, wRwbmcËi †`Iqv‡K RvKvZ e‡j bv †n| wb‡R‡K m¤ú~Y© w`‡q w`‡Z nq| ZLb Kx nq Rv‡bv? g‡bi †fZiUv gnvk~b¨ n‡q hvq| †KviAv‡b RvKvZ gv‡b wb‡R‡i G‡Kev‡i wewj‡q †`Iqv, †fZiUv gnvk~b¨ n‡q hvIqv| evgb wm›`ev` wKQyÿY ci †n‡m I‡V, Ôgnvÿzav Avi gnvk~b¨| GB †Zv gvby‡li `yBLvwb wKm&mv evcy|Õ (Pj‡e) r K…ZÁZv : ivgP›`ª ¸n

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GwU Zv‡`i begev‡ii g‡Zv Av‡qvRb| `k©K Dc‡P c‡owQj †mw`b| we‡Kj †_‡KB wkíKjv GKv‡Wwg cÖv½Y †jvKviY¨ n‡q D‡VwQj| bvUKwUi wUwKU cÖvq `yw`b Av‡MB wewµ n‡q wM‡qwQj| d‡j `k©K mvgjv‡Z Av‡qvRK‡`i †ek wngwkg †L‡Z nw”Qj| bvbv Kvi‡YB `k©‡Ki AvMÖn wQj cÖej| G‡`kxq cÖw_Zhkv †jL‡Ki bvUK cÖ‡hvRbv K‡i‡Q fvi‡Zi b`xqvi Kj¨vYx kn‡ii bvU¨`j! d‡j †`Lvi †KŠZ‚nj †ek `vbv †e‡uawQj bvU¨‡cÖgx Ges ˆmq` kvgmyj nKf³‡`i g‡a¨| Ae‡k‡l cÖ‡e‡ki `xN© jvBb †cwi‡q m‡Ü 6Uvi w`‡K AwWUwiqv‡g cÖ‡ek K‡ib `k©K| †mw`b wQj Drm‡ei †kl w`b| c`K cÖ`vbmn bvbv AvbyôvwbKZvi ci †NvlYv nq bvU‡Ki| †NvlYvi m‡½ m‡½ n‡ji Av‡jv wb‡f wM‡q bvU‡Ki Av‡jv †f‡m DV‡Z _v‡K, DV‡Z _v‡K `k©‡Ki †KŠZ‚n‡ji cvi`|

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m`¨cÖqvZ wKse`wšÍZj z ¨ Kwe I K_vmvwnwZ¨K ˆmq` kvgmyj nK (1935-2016) b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb Kve¨bvUKwU 1982 wLªóv‡ã iPbv K‡ib| GwU Zuvi wØZxq Kve¨bvU¨| B‡Zvc~‡e© gyw³hy‡×i welq‡K AvkÖq K‡i Zuvi cv‡qi AvIqvR cvIqv hvq (1976) AZ¨šÍ mvov RvMv‡bv GKwU bvUK| w_‡qUvi bvU¨`j G-bvUKwU cÖ_g cÖ‡hvRbv K‡i| GLb ch©šÍ bvUKwUi wbqwgZ cÖ`k©bx Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q| b~ij`x‡bi mvivRxeb ˆmq` n‡Ki wØZxq| gvÎ †Pv‡Ïv `„‡k¨i G-bvUK Kve¨ I bvU¨¸‡Y Abb¨ GK bvUK| ej‡j AZz¨w³ n‡e bv †h, GwU Zuvi †kÖô bvUK wn‡m‡e g~j¨vwqZ nIqvi ¸Y iv‡L| IB eQi, 1982 wLªóv‡ãB, bvMwiK bvU¨m¤úª`vq Avjx hv‡K‡ii wb‡`©kbvq bvUKwU cÖ_g g¯’ K‡i Ges e¨vcK RbwcÖq nq| †`‡ki evB‡i fvi‡Zi Kj¨vYx bvU¨PP©v †K›`ªB cÖ_g wbqwgZ `jxq cÖ‡hvRbv wn‡m‡e G-bvUK g‡Â G‡b‡Q| 2016 mv‡ji 25 AvM÷ KjKvZvi AKv‡`wg g‡Â cÖ_g AwfbxZ nq| bvU¨Kvi bvU‡Ki welqe¯‘ MÖnY K‡i‡Qb BwZnvm †_‡K| wKš‘ Kíbv I Kv‡e¨i AvkÖ‡q bvUKwU †cuŠ‡Q‡Q Abb¨ GK wkígv‡M©| ˆmq` kvgmyj nK G-bvU‡K AvÂwjK fvlv‡K †h Kvwe¨K wkímylgvq DbœxZ K‡i‡Qb Zv Abe`¨| BwZnv‡mi K…lK we‡`ªv‡ni †bZv b~ij`x‡bi Rxeb †PZbv G-bvU‡Ki AvL¨vb| b~ij`xb iscyi-w`bvRcyi A‡ji mvgšÍev`mvgªvR¨ev`we‡ivax K…lK †bZv| BwZnv‡m b~ij`x‡bi bvgwU wb‡q bvbv weZK© Av‡Q| K…l‡Ki Ici †kvlY-wbh©vZb, Ab¨vqAZ¨vPv‡ii weiæ‡× 1782-83 wLªóv‡ã msNwUZ we‡`ªv‡ni †bZ…Z¡ w`‡qwQ‡jb b~ij`xb| cÖm½Z, 1757 mv‡j cjvkxi bvggvÎ hy‡×i ga¨ w`‡q evsjv, wenvi I Dwol¨vi ¯^vaxbZvi m~h© A¯ÍwgZ nq| 1765 mv‡j B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvwb evsjv, wenvi I Dwol¨vi ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi ÿgZv MÖnY K‡i| †Kv¤úvwb ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi Rb¨ ïiæ K‡i AgvbweK †kvlY-AZ¨vPvi| d‡j IB eQi 1176 m‡b N‡U hvq evsjvi BwZnv‡mi Kj¼RbK NUbv, hv BwZnv‡m wQqvˇii gš^šiÍ bv‡g cwiwPZ| bvbv Z_¨g‡Z Rvbv hvq, G-`ywf©‡ÿ evsjvi cÖvq GK-Z…Zxqvsk †jvK bv †L‡q gviv hvq| Bsj¨v‡Ûi nvDm Ae jW©‡m G-NUbv e¨vcK mgv‡jvwPZ nq| †m-cwi‡cÖwÿ‡Z Iqv‡ib †nw÷sm 1772-73 †_‡K †Kv¤úvwbi ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi ¯^Z¡ Pzw³‡Z wewµ Ki‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| Gfv‡eB ivRv †`excÖmv` wms 1781-83 wLªóv‡ã Awef³ evsjvi iscyi-w`bvRcy‡ii ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi ¯^Z¡ cvb| wWgjvi Rwg`vi †MŠi‡gvnb †PŠayix‡K m‡½ K‡i ivR¯^ Av`v‡qi bv‡g K…lK‡`i Ici ïiæ K‡ib fqsKi AgvbweK †kvlY-AZ¨vPvi| `wi`ª cÖRvMY Miæ-evQyi-m¤úwË GgbwK ¯¿x-cyÎ wewµ K‡iI †`ex wms‡qi wbôziZv †_‡K †invB cvb bv| K…lK‡`i †R‡j cvVv‡bv nq| mnvq-m¤úwË ev‡Rqvß Kiv nq| a‡i G‡b PveyK gviv nq| Kz‡u oNi cywo‡q QvB K‡i †`Iqv nq| A‡b‡K gnvR‡bi Øvi¯’ n‡q wfbœfv‡e wbt¯^ nb, gi‡Z e‡mb| eb-R½‡j cvwj‡q hvb †KD †KD| bvix‡`i IciI Pvjv‡bv nq AK_¨ AZ¨vPvi| A‡bK‡K †R‡j cvVv‡bv nq| K…lKKzj Zv‡`i jvOj, ej`, evwoNi Ñ G‡K G‡K me nviv‡Z _v‡Kb| Ggb wbg©g cwiw¯’wZ‡Z b~ij`x‡bi †bZ…‡Z¡ Zviv HK¨e× nb| HK¨e× K…lKiv b~ij`x‡bi †bZ…‡Z¡ cÖ_‡g †`ex wms‡ni AZ¨vPvi eÜ I Ab¨vb¨ `vwe c~i‡Yi Rb¨ iscyi Kv‡j±‡iU ¸Wj¨v‡Ûi Kv‡Q `vwe Rvbvb| ¸Wj¨vÛ `vwe bv gvbvq wbcxwoZ K…lK‡`i g‡a¨ we‡`ªvn `vbv euv‡a| K…lK‡bZv b~ij`x‡bi cÿ †_‡K Rvwb‡q †`Iqv nq, `vwe †g‡b bv wb‡j †`ex wms‡K LvRbv †`‡eb bv K…lK| ïiæ nq we‡`ªvn| A‡b‡K b~ij`xb‡K beve wn‡m‡eI AvL¨vwqZ Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| RvZcvZ wbwe©‡k‡l iscy‡ii KvwRinvU, KvwKbv, d‡Zcyi, wWgjv cÖfw… Z ¯’v‡bi Mwie gvbyl byiæj`x‡bi †bZ…‡Z¡ we‡`ªvn Pvwj‡q hvb| †`ex

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hw` †KD wek¦vm K‡i, Zvn‡j wg_¨v‡KI mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY Kiv hvq| Gevi †cjvg m‡Z¨i e`‡j ÔweKí mZ¨Õ| wVK GiKg GKwU wW÷wcI (A_©vr BD‡Uvwcqvwe‡ivax) ivóªe¨e¯’vi KíbvB K‡iwQ‡jb AiI‡qj| 1984 Dcb¨v‡mi †K›`ªxq PwiÎ DBb÷b‡K ejv nq, cvwU© (A_©vr ¶gZvmxb `j) g‡b K‡i `yB Avi `yB †hvM Ki‡j nq cuvP| Zzwg wbR †Pv‡L hv †`‡Lv ev Kv‡b †h-K_v †kv‡bv, Zv fzj, G-K_v †Zvgv‡K gvb‡Z n‡e| Uªv¤ú A_ev Zuvi gyLcv‡ÎiI wVK GKB `vwe, hv †Pv‡L †`‡LQ, †mUvB GKgvÎ mZ¨ bq| e¯‘Z, †mUv Av‡`Š mZ¨ bq, †Zvgv‡K Avgiv hv ejwQ, †mUvB mZ¨| Ic‡i †h-wPwVi K_v ejjvg (hv wØZxq gnvhy× †kl nIqvi c~‡e© wjwLZ), †mLv‡b AiI‡qj wjL‡Qb, wnUjvi nq‡Zv `vwe Ki‡e Bûw`ivB hy× ïiæ K‡i‡Q| hw` †m wU‡K hvq, Zvn‡j GB mZ¨UvB cÖwZwôZ n‡e| GgbwK dz¨ivi hw` `vwe K‡ib, `yB †hvM `yB n‡jv cuvP, †mUvB gvb‡Z n‡e| ÔAvgvi fq nq GLb Avgiv µgk †mB c‡_B P‡jwQ|Õ RR© AiI‡qj Ñ Zuvi Avmj bvg GwiK †e­ qvi Ñ R‡b¥wQ‡jb 1903 mv‡j wenv‡ii gwZnvwi‡Z| wenvi †m-mgq Awef³ evsjvi AšÍMZ © wQj, †m-Kvi‡Y AiI‡q‡ji AwaKvsk RxebxKviB Zuvi Rb¥¯’vb evsjv e‡j wPwýZ K‡i‡Qb| AiI‡q‡ji wcZv weªwUk iv‡Ri Aax‡b gvSvwi‡Mv‡Qi ivR-Kg©Pvix wQ‡jb| fvi‡Z Zuvi ˆkk‡ei wKQy mgq KvU‡jI ¯‹‡z j covi Rb¨ Zuv‡K jÛ‡b †diZ cvVv‡bv nq| AvRxeb e„wË †c‡q ¯‹j z Rxeb KvwU‡q‡Qb AiI‡qj; wKš‘ abxi mšÍvb‡`i Rb¨ wba©vwiZ cÖvB‡fU ¯‹‡z j wZwb wPiKvj gv_v wbPz K‡iB KvwU‡q‡Qb| mvgvb¨ ÎæwUi Rb¨ †eÎvNvZ wQj wba©vwiZ, Avi Zvi m‡½ µ‚i cwinvm| ¯‹‡z ji QvÎ I wk¶K mevB Zuv‡K Ô`qvi cvÎÕ (P¨vwiwU) e‡jB WvKZ| †kÖwY‡f` m¤^‡Ü Zuvi Zxÿè m‡PZbZv GB ¯‹j z Rxeb †_‡KB cvIqv| c‡i Kg©Rxe‡b G‡m Zv Av‡iv Mfxi nq| e¯‘Z, c‡i wZwb †h evgcš’x a¨vb-aviYvi cÖwZ Sz‡u K c‡ob, Zvi m~Pbv GB weªwUk †evwW©s ¯‹j z †_‡KB| A_©vfv‡e Zuvi A·‡dv‡W© cvV MÖnY m¤¢e nqwb| A‡bKUv eva¨ n‡qB wZwb Jcwb‡ewkK miKv‡ii Aax‡b cywj‡ki PvKwi wb‡q evg©v Av‡mb| Jcwb‡ewkK cÖf‡z `i nv‡Z ¯’vbxq gvbyl‡`i †h wbg©g jvÃbvi gy‡LvgywL n‡Z n‡Zv, evg©vq AiI‡qj Zv wbR †Pv‡L †`Lvi my‡hvM cvb| †m-AwfÁZvi wfwˇZ wZwb c‡i GKwU MÖš’ iPbv K‡ib| AiI‡qj ˆkke †_‡KB †P‡qwQ‡jb †jLK n‡eb| cuvP eQi evg©vq KvwU‡q jÛ‡b wd‡i G‡m mvsevw`KZvq cÖ‡ek K‡ib wZwb, hw`I Avmj j¶¨ wQj RxebvwfÁZv mÂq I Zvi wfwˇZ mvwnZ¨Kg©| GB mgq wZwb ixwZg‡Zv †jvUvK¤^j wb‡q, GK`g wfLvwii mv‡R GB kn‡ii cÖvšÍeZx© gvbyl‡`i m‡½ w`‡bi ci w`b KvUvb| h_vixwZ †m-AwfÁZvi wfwˇZ iwPZ n‡jv Av‡iKwU MÖš,’ WvDb A¨vÛ AvDU Bb c¨vwim A¨vÛ jÛb| GiB g‡a¨ AiI‡qj evgcš’x ivRbxwZ‡Z Rwo‡q c‡ob| †¯ú‡b M„nhy× ïiæ n‡j wZwb †mLv‡b G‡m AvšÍRv© wZK


weª‡M‡Wi m`m¨ wn‡m‡e cÖwZ‡iva Av‡›`vj‡b hy³ n‡q c‡ob| wKš‘ †m-mgq Ñ GLbKvi g‡ZvB Ñ evgcš’x ivRbxwZ wQj bvbv `j-Dc`‡j wef³| wKQyUv nZvk I fMœ ¯^v¯’¨ wb‡q †¯úb †_‡K cvwj‡q †`‡k wd‡i Av‡mb AiI‡qj| ZZw`‡b wZwb d¨vwmev‡`i AvMÖvmx bLi cÖZ¨¶ K‡i‡Qb, evgcš’x wefw³i wkKvi n‡q‡Qb Ges fwel¨r m¤^‡Ü cÖej mw›`nvb n‡q c‡o‡Qb| Zv m‡Ë¡I mgvRZ‡š¿i cÖwZ Av¯’v wZwb Z¨vM K‡ibwb| ivRbxwZi gva¨‡g Zuvi c‡¶ m¤¢e bv n‡jI †jLK wn‡m‡e †m-j¶¨ c~i‡Y wZwb Avg„Z¨z †Póv Pvwj‡q †M‡Qb| 1984 MÖšw’ U AwaKvs‡kiB cov, d‡j G-M‡íi cybive„wËi cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q e‡j g‡b Kwi bv| Ikvwbqv bv‡g †h-ivóªe¨e¯’v AiI‡qj G-MÖ‡š’ Kíbv K‡i‡Qb, †KD †KD e‡j‡Qb Zv AiI‡q‡ji wb‡Ri †`k hy³ivR¨‡K gv_vq †i‡L| kÖwgK `‡ji Aax‡b GK ai‡bi mgvRZvwš¿K cwiKíbv I mvgvwRK wbqš¿Y nq‡Zv hy³iv‡R¨ Av‡ivwcZ n‡qwQj, wKš‘ †h-ai‡bi K‡Vvi ˆ¯^iZvwš¿K wbqge×Zv AiI‡q‡ji Ikvwbqvi j¶Y PwiÎ, Zv †Kv‡bvfv‡eB hy³iv‡R¨i g‡Zv †mvk¨vj I‡qj‡dqvi iv‡óª eZ©gvb wQj bv| Z‡e AiI‡qj m‡›`n K‡iwQ‡jb, mRvM bv _vK‡j GB nvjKv mgvRZvwš¿K KvVv‡gv †_‡KB K‡Vvi ˆ¯^iZvwš¿K g‡bvfv‡ei Rb¥ n‡Z cv‡i| †¯ú‡b _vKvi mgq AiI‡qj †`‡LwQ‡jb `jxq AvbyM‡Z¨i bv‡g Kxfv‡e KwgDwb÷ I GbviwK÷ cvwU© me ai‡bi wfbœ g‡Zi e¨vcv‡i Amwnòz| †mLv‡b `‡ji †bZv I `‡ji ¯^v_©B me©v‡MÖ| AiI‡qj †jevi cvwU©i †fZ‡iI †mB j¶Y cÖZ¨¶ K‡iwQ‡jb| wKš‘ cÖKZ … ˆ¯^iZ‡š¿i m‡½ †mB KvwVb¨ †Kv‡bvfv‡eB Zzjbxq bq| welqwU AiI‡qj wKQyUv †Lvjvmv K‡i †M‡Qb Zuvi g„Z¨z i mvgvb¨ Av‡M, 1949 mv‡j BDbvB‡UW A‡Uv‡gvevBj IqvK©v‡m©i GK m`‡m¨i Kv‡Q †jLv GK wPwV‡Z| Zuvi MÖš’ †Kv‡bvfv‡eB hy³iv‡R¨i mgvRZvwš¿K g‡W‡ji mgv‡jvPbv bq, †m-K_v Rvwb‡q AiI‡qj †m-wPwV‡Z Rvbvb Ñ mgvRZš¿ ev weªwUk †jevi cvwU©i mgv‡jvPbv wn‡m‡e GB eB bq, eis KwgDwb÷ I d¨vwmev`x ivóªe¨e¯’vq †K›`ªxf‚Z I cwiKwíZ A_©bxwZi bv‡g †h weK…wZ Avgiv cÖZ¨¶ K‡iwQ Zvi e¨vcv‡i GK ûuwkqvwi gvÎ| g‡b ivLv fv‡jv Avgvi eBwU GKwU cÖnmb ev m¨vUvqvi| Avwg †h-ai‡bi mgv‡Ri K_v GB MÖ‡š’ e‡jwQ, Zv Awbevh© †m-K_v Avwg wek¦vm Kwi bv, Z‡e †m-ai‡bi ivóªe¨e¯’vi m¤¢vebv GK`g Dwo‡q †`Iqvi g‡Zv bq| Avwg wek¦vm Kwi, GK ai‡bi ˆ¯^ivPvix g‡bvfve eyw×Rxex‡`i g‡a¨ me©Î we`¨gvb| Avwg †Kej †Póv K‡iwQ GB RvZxq g‡bvfve †kl ch©šÍ GKUv mgvR‡K †Kvb ch©v‡q wb‡q †h‡Z cv‡i, †m-e¨vcv‡i mZK© K‡i w`‡Z| GB MÖ‡š’i NUbv¯’j jÛb wbe©vP‡bi KviY, Avwg ej‡Z †P‡qwQjvg Avgv‡`i †`k Ab¨ Avi †Kv‡bv †`‡ki †P‡q †gv‡UB fv‡jv wKQy bq Ges ˆ¯^ivPv‡ii weiæ‡× jovB bv Ki‡j Avgv‡`i †`‡kI GB GKB NUbv NU‡Z cv‡i| 1984 Dcb¨v‡mi †Mvov‡ZB Avgiv †R‡b hvB, †h-`k©‡bi wfwˇZ Ikvwbqv

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eBcÎ gnvRxe‡bi Kvivfvl¨ wcqvm gwR` Ô...AvR Avgvi 47Zg Rb¥evwl©Kx| GB w`‡b 1920 mv‡j c~e© evsjvi GK †QvÆ cjøx‡Z Rb¥MÖnY Kwi| Avgvi Rb¥evwl©Kx Avwg †Kv‡bvw`b wb‡R cvjb Kwi bvB Ñ †ewk n‡j Avgvi ¯¿x GB w`bUv‡Z Avgv‡K †QvÆ GKwU Dcnvi w`‡q _vKZ| GB w`bwU‡Z Avwg †Póv KiZvg evwo‡Z _vK‡Z| Le‡ii KvM‡R †`Ljvg XvKv wmwU AvIqvgx jxM Avgvi Rb¥evwl©Kx cvjb Ki‡Q| †eva nq, Avwg †R‡j ew›` AvwQ e‡jB| ÔAvwg GKRb gvbyl, Avi Avgvi Avevi Rb¥w`em!Õ (c„ 209, KvivMv‡ii †ivRbvgPv,  †kL gywReyi ingvb) 17 gvP© 1967-†Z XvKv †K›`ªxq KvivMv‡i ew›` ZrKvjxb cvwK¯Ívb miKv‡ii `v‡qi Kiv 11 gvgjvi Avmvwg †kL gywReyi ingvb Zuvi 47Zg Rb¥evwl©Kx‡Z wj‡L‡Qb GB GKvšÍ Abyf‡ei K_v| BwZnv‡mi Avðh© KvKZvj Ñ Gi wVK 50 eQi ci 2017 mv‡ji 17 gvP© e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingv‡bi 97Zg Rb¥evwl©Kx‡Z Zuvi eY©gq Rxe‡bi KvivcwÄ MÖšv’ Kv‡i cÖKvk Kij Ñ evsjv GKv‡Wwg| f‚wgKv wj‡L‡Qb e½eÜzKb¨v, evsjv‡`‡ki cÖavbgš¿x †kL nvwmbv| †kL nvwmbv Rvbv‡”Qb, GB MÖ‡š’i bvgKiY e½eÜzi Kwbô Kb¨v †kL †invbvi| m`¨cÖKvwkZ KvivMv‡ii †ivRbvgPv †kL gywRecZœx †eMg dwRjvZz‡bœQvi mieivnK…Z PviwU LvZvq †jLv Kvivfv‡l¨i MÖši’ ƒc| GB MÖšw’ U BwZc~‡e© cÖKvwkZ Amgvß AvZ¥Rxebxi (2012) wØZxq LÐ bq, GwU e½eÜzi m¤ú~Y© bZzb MÖš|’ †kL nvwmbv Zuvi f‚wgKvq Av‡iv Rvbv‡”Qb, wkMwMi AvMiZjv lohš¿ gvgjv Ges 1957 mv‡ji Pxb mdi wb‡q e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingv‡bi `ywU c„_K eB cÖKvwkZ n‡e| 1958-i 12 A‡±vei mvgwiK AvBb Rvwic~eK © †kL gywRe‡K Kvivew›` Kiv nq| Õ58-60 Kvjc‡e©i †ivRbvgPv _vjv evwU K¤^j/ †RjLvbvi m¤^j wk‡ivbv‡g MÖ‡š’ ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| 1966 mv‡ji 5 †deªæqvwi wZwb HwZnvwmK Qq `dv cÖ¯vÍ e DÌvcb

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K‡ib Ges GKB eQ‡ii 8 †g cybivq †MÖdZvi nb| Õ66-i 2 Ryb †_‡K 16 †m‡Þ¤^i Ges 1967-i 1 Rvbyqvwi †_‡K 22 Ry‡bi Kvivwjwc cici `y‡Uv LvZvq wjwce× K‡iwQ‡jb wZwb| 1968-i 18 Rvbyqvwi Kvivgyw³i Ae¨ewnZ ci Zuv‡K †MÖdZvi K‡i †mbvwbev‡m wb‡q hvIqv nq| Gi Av‡MB Zuvi weiæ‡× ÔcvwK¯Ívb‡K wew”Qbœ KivÕi loh‡š¿i Awf‡hv‡M `v‡qi Kiv nq ÔAvMiZjv lohš¿ gvgjvÕ| GB gvgjvq ew›` Ae¯’vi weeiY AšÍf³ ©z n‡q‡Q MÖ‡š’i †klvs‡k| ¯§„wZNb f‚wgKvq †kL nvwmbv 1971-Gi gyw³hy×Kv‡j Ges 1981-†Z wbe©vmb †_‡K †`‡k wd‡i Kxfv‡e wcZvi †jLvi LvZv D×vi K‡i‡Qb, msiÿY K‡i‡Qb, Zvi wek` weeiY w`‡q‡Qb| KvivMv‡ii

KvivMv‡ii †ivRbvgPv l †kL gywReyi ingvb l evsjv GKv‡Wwg l XvKv, 2017 l 400 UvKv

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K‡qw` GK mv‡_ _v‡K, Zvnv bq| †R‡ji wfZi A‡bK †QvU †QvU †Rj Av‡Q|  (c„ 27) ...mgqI Kv‡U bv, †R‡j ivZUvB †ewk K‡ói| Avevi hviv Avgvi g‡Zv GKvKx wbR©b ¯’v‡b _vK‡Z eva¨ nq Ñ hv‡K Bs‡iwR‡Z e‡j ÔSolitary ConfinementÕ Zv‡`i Ae¯’v Kíbv Kiv hvq bv|  (c„ 83) Avevi ej‡Qb †mB wPiKvjxb ¯^vaxb mËvi K_v Ñ †mvbvi LuvPvqI cvwL _vK‡Z Pvq bv| ew›` Rxeb cïcvwLI gvb‡Z Pvq bv| (c„ 183) GLv‡b wZwb ïay Zuvi wb‡Ri KvivRxe‡bi ¯§„wZPviY K‡ibwb; GKBm‡½ ZLbKvi KvivcÖ_v, mvgwMÖK Kvive¨e¯’v I Kvivew›`‡`i e¨w³MZ Rxeb wb‡q Ggb cÖm‡½i AeZviYv K‡i‡Qb, hv mn‡RB n‡Z cv‡i KvivwelqK Mfxi M‡elYvi Drm| wZwb †R‡ji wKQy kã‡Kv‡li mÜvb w`‡q‡Qb Avgv‡`i, †hgb Ñ ivBUvi `dv, †PŠwK `dv, Rjfwi `dv, Svo– `dv, e›`yK `dv, cvMj `dv, kqZv‡bi Kj, `iwR LvZv, gywP LvZv, AvBb `dv, WvjPvwK `dv, nvRwZ `dv, †QvKiv `dv BZ¨vw`| †RjLvbvq hvivB G‡m‡Qb Ñ mvsevw`K gvwbK wgqv, i‡Yk ˆgÎ †_‡K ïiæ K‡i mvaviY K‡qw` jyrdi ingvb Ii‡d jy`y Ñ mK‡ji e¨w³Rxeb, cwievi wb‡q DrKwÉZ n‡q‡Qb Gfv‡e Ñ cvwK¯Ív‡bi 19 erm‡i hv †`Ljvg Zv fve‡ZI wknwiqv DV‡Z nq| †hB ÿgZvq Av‡m †mB g‡b K‡i †m GKjvB †`‡ki K_v wPšÍv K‡i, Avi mK‡jB ivóª‡`ªvnx, †`k‡`ªvnx AviI KZ wK! gv‡mi ci gvm, eQ‡ii ci eQi KvivMv‡i ew›` †i‡L A‡bK †`k‡bZv‡K †kl K‡i w`‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i ¯^v¯’¨ bó K‡i w`‡q‡Q, msmvi aŸsm n‡q †M‡Q| Avi KZKvj GB AZ¨vPvi Pj‡e †KB ev Rv‡b! GB †Zv ¯^vaxbZv, GB †Zv gvbevwaKvi!  (c„ 184) †R‡j ew›` Acivax‡`i gb¯ÍË¡ we‡kølY K‡i †kL gywRe ej‡Qb Ñ gbyl¨ PwiÎ m¤^‡Ü, hviv Mfxifv‡e †`L‡Z †Póv Ki‡eb, Zviv eyS‡Z cvi‡eb Avgv‡`i mgv‡Ri `yie¯’v Ges Ae¨e¯’vq c‡oB gvbyl †Pvi WvKvZ c‡KUgvi nq| Avjøvn


†Kv‡bv gvbyl‡K †Pvi WvKvZ K‡i m„wó K‡i bv|  (c„ 48) wZwb †h Av`¨šÍ GKRb co–qv gvbyl wQ‡jb Zvi cÖgvY cvIqv hv‡e divwm Jcb¨vwmK Gwgj †Rvjv, gvwK©b ivóªweÁvbx †nbwi †WwfW _‡iv wKsev `yB cÖR‡b¥i evOvwj K_vwkíx kirP›`ª wKsev knx`yjøv Kvqmv‡ii eBcÎ cv‡Vi cÖm‡½ Ñ eÜz knx`yjøv Kvqmv‡ii mskßK eBwU co‡Z ïiæ K‡iwQ| jvM‡Q fvjB...  (c„ 63) fvejvg ivZUv KvUv‡ZB Kó n‡e| wKš‘ †K‡U †Mj| Rvbvjv w`‡q A‡bKÿY evB‡i ZvKvBqv wQjvg| †`L‡Z †Póv Kijvg ÔAÜKv‡ii iƒcÕ, †`L‡Z cvijvg bv| KviY Avwg kirP›`ª bB| Avi Zuvi g‡Zv †`Levi ÿgZv Ges wPšÍvkw³I Avgvi bvB|  (c„ 80) N‡i G‡m eB co‡Z Avi¤¢ Kijvg| Gwgj †Rvjv-i †jLv Ô†Z‡imv †iKzBbÕ cowQjvg| my›`ifv‡e dzwU‡q Zz‡j‡Qb wZbUv PwiÎ Ñ †Rvjv Zuvi †jLvi wfZi w`qv| GB eB‡qi wfZi KvUvBqv w`jvg `yB wZb NÈv mgq|  (c„ 101) †nbwi †WwfW _‡ivi ÔCivil disobedience’ iPbv D×…Z K‡i e‡j‡Qb Ñ g‡b †i‡Lv _‡ivi K_v Ñ ÔUnder a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison.’  (c„ 225-26) cvkvcvwk iex›`ª‡cÖgx GK ivRbxwZ‡Ki †`Lv cv‡eb cvVK, †h-ivRbxwZK Kvivew›` Ae¯’vq †Kv‡bv nZvk gyn~‡Z© kiY †bb Ô...wec‡` Avwg bv †hb Kwi fqÕ Ggb iex›`ª-Afqev‡K¨i| KvivMv‡i mxwgZ my‡hv‡M †MvMÖv‡m cÎcwÎKv co‡Zb wZwb| cwÎKvšÍ‡i 1966-67 mv‡ji ev‡RU e³…Zv cvV K‡i ZLbKvi †K›`ªxq A_©gš¿xi bv‡gv‡jøL K‡i gšÍe¨ K‡i‡Qb Ñ Ô†kv‡qe mv‡ne wkícwZ‡`i 1970 mvj ch©šÍ U¨v· nwj‡W †fv‡Mi e¨e¯’v ivwLqv‡Qb| wKš‘ Mwie RbmvaviY †evanq Avi Av‡jv R¡vjvBqv iv‡Zi Lvevi †L‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ KviY †kL gywRe †R‡bwQ‡jb †m-ev‡R‡U †K‡ivwmb †Z‡ji Ici evowZ Ki avh© n‡qwQj| msev`c‡Îi m~‡Î †hgb †`‡ki cwiw¯’wZ †R‡b‡Qb, †Zgwb †f‡e‡Qb msev`c‡Îi ¯^vaxbZv wb‡qI Ñ ... AvR B‡ËdvK I B‡ËdvK m¤úv`‡Ki weiæ‡× nvgjv, Kvj

Avevi Ab¨ KvMR I Zvi gvwj‡Ki Dci miKvi nvgjv Ki‡e bv †Kb ej‡Z cv‡i! msev`c‡Îi ¯^vaxbZv ej‡Z †Zv wKQyB bvB, GLb e¨w³MZ m¤úwËI ev‡Rqvß Kiv ïiæ K‡i‡Q| cvwK¯Ívb‡K †kvmK‡Mvôx †Kvb c‡_ wb‡q P‡j‡Q fve‡ZI fq nq! AvR `jgZ wbwe©‡k‡l mK‡ji GB RNb¨ AZ¨vPv‡ii weiæ‡× iæ‡L `uvovb DwPZ|  (c„ 137) GB w`bwjwc‡Z e½eÜzi msMÖvgx Rxe‡bi Ab¨Zg Aa¨vq evOvwji gyw³i mb` Qq `dv Av‡›`vjb m¤ú‡K© Rvbv hv‡e A‡bK ARvbv K_v, Qq `dv‡K bm¨vr Ki‡Z ÔAvU `dvÕ bv‡g Ab¨ GKwU Av‡›`vjb ˆZwii Ac‡Póvi PvÂj¨Ki Z_¨ wea„Z K‡i‡Qb e½eÜz| Qq `dv wb‡q †h RbM‡Yi g‡a¨ †Rvqvi ˆZwi n‡qwQj †mwU KvivšÍixY Zvi gv‡S m„wó K‡i‡Q bZzb Avkvi Ñ Av‡›`vjb †h `j Ki‡e, Z¨vM †h `j Ki‡e, ZvivB RbM‡Yi mg_©b cv‡e Ges kvwšÍc~Y© MYAv‡›`vj‡bi ga¨ w`‡qB `vwe Av`vq n‡e| AvIqvgx jx‡Mi hviv GLbI †R‡ji evB‡i Av‡Q ZvivB KvR K‡i PjyK| †`Lv hvK wK nq| Rbmg_©b Qq `dvi Av‡Q, ïay †bZ…Z¡ w`‡Z cvi‡jB nq|  (c„ 185) KvivMv‡i gv‡qi Amy¯’Zvi msev` ï‡b‡Qb, wcZv-wew”Qbœ mšÍvb‡`i nvnvKvi cÖZ¨ÿ K‡i‡Qb| GgbI n‡q‡Q, 18 gv‡mi wkïcyÎ iv‡mj R‡b¥i ci †_‡K wcZv‡K KvivMv‡i _vK‡Z †`‡L KvivMvi‡K ejZ ÔAveŸvi evwoÕ| wb‡Ri cwiev‡ii Ggb cwiw¯’wZ‡ZI KvivKzVzwi‡Z ivbœv K‡i‡Qb, mn-Kviv‡fvMx‡`i myL-`yt‡Li RxebK_v †R‡b‡Qb Avi me©ÿY †f‡e‡Qb MYZš¿, gvby‡li †gŠwjK AwaKvi Avi †`‡ki mvwe©K g½‡ji K_v| GKRb LuvwU RvZxqZvev`x †bZv wQ‡jb e‡jB Kvivew›` gywRe‡K ¯úk© K‡i‡Q cÖej AvšÍR©vwZKZvev`| fvi‡Z K…ò †gb‡bi c`Pz¨wZ, wf‡qZbv‡gi n¨vbq I nvB ds‡q mvgªvR¨ev`x †evgvel©Y, mywcÖg †mvwf‡q‡Z Av‡jw· †KvwmwM‡bi e³e¨, Px‡bi eb¨v cwiw¯’wZ, B‡›`v‡bwkqv-gvj‡qwkqv m¤úK© wKsev K‡½v‡Z c¨vwUªm jygy¤^vi nZ¨vKvÐ m¤ú‡K© wewfbœ w`‡bi fzw³‡Z †kL gywR‡ei mywPwšÍZ gZvgZ jÿYxq| 1966-Gi 14 RyjvB ¯§iY K‡i‡Qb 177Zg divwm wecøe w`em‡K| wjL‡Qb Ñ 1789 mv‡ji 12B RyjvB divwm †`‡k ïiæ nq wecøe| c¨vwi bMixi RbmvaviY mvg¨, ˆgÎx I ¯^vaxbZvi

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†_‡K gyw³ w`‡q‡Qb ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡ki †mvbvi Av‡jvq| wbcyY fwel¨r`ªóvi g‡Zv e½eÜz †kL gywRe 20 Ryb 1966-i w`bwjwc evOvwj Pwi‡Îi GK AÜKvi w`K Ôwek¦vmNvZKZvÕ wb‡q †h gšÍe¨ K‡i‡Qb Zv †h cieZx© `k eQ‡ii g‡a¨ Zuvi m‡½B msNwUZ n‡e 1975-Gi 15 AvM‡÷, Zv nq‡Zv wZwb KíbvI K‡ibwb Ñ evsjv‡`k ïay wKQz †eCgvb I wek¦vmNvZK‡`i Rb¨B mvivRxeb `ytL †fvM Kij|... GB myRjv-mydjv evsjv‡`k GZ De©i; GLv‡b †hgb †mvbvi dmj nq, Avevi ciMvQv Avi AvMvQvI †ewk R‡b¥| Rvwb bv wek¦vmNvZK‡`i nvZ †_‡K GB †mvbvi †`k‡K euvPv‡bv hv‡e wKbv| (c„ 112) evsjvi †jvKeqv‡b, mnR-mij Dc¯’vcbvq Avi Mfxi AšÍ`w©„ ó‡Z †kL gywReyi ingvb Zuvi Kvivwjwci wewfbœ fzw³‡Z bvbv cÖm‡½ Ggb A‡bK gšÍe¨ K‡i‡Qb hv mvgwqK cwimi Qvwc‡q n‡q I‡V ¯§iY‡hvM¨ wPivqZ ev‡K¨| GgbB wKQy e³e¨ : 1. i‡³i cwie‡Z© i³B w`‡Z nq| GK_v fzj‡j fzj n‡e| g‡Zi ev c‡_i wgj bv n‡Z cv‡i, Zvi Rb¨ lohš¿ K‡i weiæ× `‡ji ev g‡Zi †jvK‡K nZ¨v Ki‡Z n‡e G eo fqven iv¯Ív| G cv‡ci dj A‡bK‡KB †fvM Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| (c„ 59) 2. wWK‡UUiiv hLb `iKvi nq Lye e¨envi K‡i, Avi hLb `iKvi dzwi‡q hvq, †Quov Kvc‡oi g‡Zv †d‡j †`q| †Quov Kvco †Zv A‡bK mgq `iKv‡i jv‡M, ˆ¯^ikvmK‡`i †m `iKviI nq bv| GK`g we`vq| Uz kã Kivi ÿgZv bvB| (c„ 63) 3. GB †`‡ki gvbyl Zviv b¨vh¨ AwaKvi Av`vq Kievi Rb¨ hLb Rxeb w`‡Z wk‡L‡Q ZLb Rq n‡eB, †KejgvÎ mgq mv‡cÿ|  (c„ 73) 4. RbMY Z¨v‡Mi `vg †`q| Z¨v‡Mi gva¨‡gB RbM‡Yi `vwe Av`vq Ki‡Z n‡e| (c„ 74) 5. civaxb RvwZi Kcv‡j jvÃbv I eÂbv n‡qB _v‡K| G‡Z Avi bZzbZ¡ wK?  (c„ 83) 6. Av‡›`vjb KLbI evB‡i †_‡K Avg`vwb nq bv... cviwg‡Ui UvKv w`qv MYAv‡›`vjb nq bv|  (c„ 100) 7. Mjv wU‡c gv‡iv, Zv‡ZI

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Avgv‡`i †Kv‡bv AvcwË bvB| ïay †kvlY eÜ Ki| RbM‡Yi AwaKvi †diZ `vI| (c„ 131) 8. ¸wUK‡qK †jv‡Ki m¤ú` evo‡jB RvZxq m¤ú` evov nq e‡j hviv Me© K‡i Zv‡`i m¤^‡Ü wK-Bev eje!  (c„ 153) 9. Rbmvavi‡YiI Avi Ô†bZv‡`i H‡K¨iÕ Ici wek¦vm bvB| RbM‡Yi HK¨B cÖ‡qvRb|  (c„ 172) 10. †kvl‡Ki †Kv‡bv RvZ bvB, ag© bvB| GKB a‡g©i wek¦vmx †jvK‡`iI †kvlY K‡i P‡j‡Q Q‡j e‡j †KŠk‡j| (c„ 187) KvivMv‡ii †ivRbvgPv MÖ‡š’i cwiwkóvs‡k Ôe½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingv‡bi ivR‰bwZK Rxeb cwiPq (1955-1975)Õ, cÖqvZ ivóªweÁvbx W. Gbv‡qZzi iwng I W. R‡qm iwng-wjwLZ Ôe½eÜzÕ kxl©K cwiwPwZg~jK cÖeÜ, w`bwjwc‡Z D‡jøwLZ m~‡Îi UxKv Ges 1966-i 5 †deªæqvwi cÖKvwkZ I cÖPvwiZ Avgv‡`i euvPvi `vex 6Õ`dv Kg©m~Px cyw¯ÍKvi Abywjwc Ges e½eÜz Rxe‡bi cÖvmw½K wKQy Av‡jvKwPÎ ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| e½eÜzi KvivMv‡ii †ivRbvgPv MÖš’vKv‡i cÖKvk-†bc‡_¨ e½eÜzKb¨v †kL nvwmbvi m‡½ Av‡iv huviv hy³ wQ‡jb Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ Av‡Qb cÖqvZ RvZxq Aa¨vcK Aa¨vcK mvjvn&DÏxb Avng`, Aa¨vcK kvgmyj û`v nviæb, hy³iv‡óªi RR©UvDb wek¦we`¨vj‡qi cÖqvZ Aa¨vcK W. Gbv‡qZzi iwng, W. R‡qm iwng, cÖqvZ †jLK-mvsevw`K †eex gI`y`, evsjv GKv‡Wwgi gnvcwiPvjK Aa¨vcK kvgmy¾vgvb Lvb cÖgyL| f‚wgKv †_‡K Rvbv hv‡”Q, W. dKiæj Avj‡gi fvlvšÍ‡i G-MÖ‡š’i Bs‡iwR ms¯‹iYI cÖKvwkZ n‡e| KvivMv‡ii †ivRbvgPv cvV-†k‡l †kL nvwmbvi g‡Zv Avgv‡`iI g‡b n‡q‡Q, ÔG Wv‡qwi covi ga¨ w`‡q evsjv‡`‡ki gvbyl Zv‡`i ¯^vaxbZvi Drm Ly‡u R cv‡e|Õ r

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April 2017  
April 2017  
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