bd BEN DEINES PORTFOLIO
portlandâ€™s nighttime skyline long exposure panorama
BEN DEINES PORTFOLIO When planting a garden, the most important aspect to consider is its relationship with the surrounding environment. While we can cultivate the health of a space, its livelihood is ultimately dependent its place within a greater landscape. This concept can be applied not only to gardens, but to all designed and built spaces. I feel that I understand the world through my interactions with my environment. My mission is to use that understanding to work in a role that integrates architectural and landscape design in the interest of social responsibility. As I move forward I hope to continue to learn about modern architectural practice and help evolve its place within the cultural, ecological, and economic layers of the modern world. This portfolio is intended to show some of the ways we might think about the design of architecture and landscape as a holistic discipline.
Ben Deines email@example.com bendeines.com 541.554.9813
GRADUATE THESIS: URBAN ECOLOGY
honeybees as indicators illustrator
waste management energy and transportation
Like all life, humans have interdependent relationships with the ecosystems in which we live. We cannot thrive or even survive without the functions of the undomesticated, wild environment, and yet humans have been migrating from rural landscapes into urban areas since the development of agriculture. This migration has created a dilemma in which increasing human population density is associated with the degradation of the ecosystems that support our growth and quality of life. Recent human history has been the history of urban growth and ecological crisis. One species which has accompanied humans on our journey is the honeybee. While the honeybee has been partially domesticated, it has fundamentally retained its wildness. This duality makes the honeybee an ideal indicator species for urban ecology because it acts as an ambassador between the domesticated and the wild layers of the urban environment. As we strive to improve the health of our urban ecosystems we can use the honeybee as a metric to gauge our impact. While all urban areas deserve consideration when striving to cultivate a richer and more diverse ecosystem, existing industrial corridors represent one of the greatest opportunities for improvement in the urban environment.
EAST PORTLAND MULTICULTURAL CENTER Cultural organizations in Portland, OR have come together to create a multicultural center which will support their programs while also bringing them together. Using food as a medium for cultural exchange is a central concept for this design. Using the metaphor of a salad bowl, this multicultural center will be a celebration of mixing, in contrast with the traditional American concept of a melting pot. Multiculturalism is a duality of cooperative and independent identity. The spatial organization of this project was based on a balance of space for cooperation through gathering areas and independence through learning, administrative, and support spaces. These programs were divided into two volumes. The cooperation volume was extended towards the street to create a clear public entrance, while the independence volume was pushed towards the back of the site to create a public courtyard for eating and selling food from the kitchens. Cultural and generational interaction will be the lifeblood of this project and will be the core objective for the organization of the space.
approach perspective rhino, maxwell, photoshop
site plan rhino, illustrator
Sustainability features were chosen to act holistically. By combining multiple strategies such as shading, high thermal mass night flushing, minimal electric heating and ventilation, and a high thermal performance building envelope, other more expensive and energy intensive systems were avoided. A tight, well insulated envelope along with a heat recovery system helps maintain the buildings environmental control. Rainwater management on this site is achieved through an integrated approach to landscape and architectural design. Stormwater from the main gable-end volume is divided between the east and west sides of the site. The majority of the east side is buffered with a sedum ecoroof along with an existing cedar tree. The west side of the site includes new trees and a large bioswale which controls parking lot runoff. All rainwater captured on site is returned to the hydrosphere through infiltration or evapotranspiration; none is sent to the municipal sewer system.
exposed thermal mass
sustainability diagram rhino, maxwell, illustrator bioswale
cedar rainscreen 3/8” spacing
18 ga corrugated steel rail
attached to cascadia clips 1C
5” cascadia clips
attached with 7” long #14 screws 1D
minimum 4” overlaps 1E
3” polystyrene insulation R-15 total for 3” cavity
attached to plywood sheathing 1G
5/8” plywood sheathing attached to stud wall
8x8 glulam structure
fastened with knife plates 1I
2x6 doug fir framing studs @ 16” O.C.
fiberglass batt insulation R-19 total for 2x6 cavity
weatherproof jamb extensions
painted concrete composite 1L
weatherproof exterior sill painted concrete composite
doug fir casement window sealed with silicone sealant
1/2” gypsum board attached to stud wall
3/4” cedar trim
protected with stain and sealant
wall construction detail rhino, maxwell
standing seam metal roof
3” polystyrene insulation
3/4” cedar fascia
5/8” plywood sheathing
2x8 rim joist
fiberglass batt insulation
2x8 roof purlins
2x6 doug fir framing
cedar plywood soffit board
8x8 glulam structure
aluminum soffit vent
pre-fab glulam truss
3/4” cedar trim
18 ga corrugated steel rail
1/2” gypsum board
3/4” drip overhang at edge
protected with stain and sealant
sistered at roof edge
switch direction at overhang
attached to purlins
continuous along overhang
attached to cascadia clips
R-15 total for 3” cavity
vapor barrier on exterior face
R-19 total for 2x6 cavity
studs @ 16” O.C.
fastened with knife plates
exposed tails flashed on top face
protected with stain and sealant
attached to stud wall
minimum 4” overlaps
roof construction detail rhino, maxwell 1H 1Q
CESAR CHAVES ECO-CROSSING Vegetation patch connectivity is fundamental to ecological health and diversity. The City of Portlandâ€™s vegetation mapping shows a scarcity of connectivity between contiguous patches of forest and woodland over a half acre in size. Two major ecological patches were identified along the 33rd/39th corridor in east Portland; Grant Park in the north and Laurelhurst Park in the south. The social and ecological value of these natural resources can be increased by the cultivation of an eco-corridor which crosses I-84 and Sullivanâ€™s Gulch. By expanding and reconnecting the existing natural framework using a native plant palette, a thriving ecosystem can develop and mature. eco-crossing concept diagram charcoal
eco-crossing section illustrator
eco-crossing migration photoshop, watercolor
4 4 bed bed
HABITAT FOR HUMANITY: CO-HOUSING MODEL Habitat for Humanity has traditionally focused on single family homes, but with increasing urban density and a mission to serve more people, the organization is now considering options for multi-family buildings. Co-housing can be an ideal model for increasing density while also building community. Co-housing usually consists of smaller units and a common house which is shared. Parking is often consolidated to create a more pedestrian oriented streetscape. The common house in this design will act as a beacon for the co-housing community. Itâ€™s location between the parking lot and the units takes advantage of the membersâ€™ daily routines. The common house also gives community members of sense of identity and belonging in a new place.
4 4 bed bed
4 4 bed bed
4 4 bed bed
4 bed common house
site plan autocad, illustrator
3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed 3 bed
site perspective at dusk rhino, maxwell
site section rhino, maxwell, illustrator, photoshop
NIGHT STUDIO: PHOTOGRAPHY PAVILIONS The nighttime condition offers unique opportunities for architectural and artistic expression. One of the best media used to represent the different qualities of night is long exposure photography. Capturing a city though photography is often expressed in one of two ways; of the city (skyline) and from the city (surrounding context). Both of these techniques deserve their own dedicated space, each expressing and supporting the art form it is intended to house. The skyline of Portland is defined by its relationship with the Willamette River. Reflections of the city lights always show up as a series of parallel lines. The natural environment offers a different kind of light show, which can best be captured high above the light pollution from the city. Star trails always emerge as a series of arcs surrounding the North Star. Both pavilions focus the photographerâ€™s attention on light.
urban reflection pavilion section: photographer faces west
star trails pavilion section: photographer faces north
urban section between pavilions
urban reflection pavilion star trails pavilion
NORTH FREMONT RE-ENTRY CENTER The United States is the has the highest rate of incarceration in the developed world. Social issues surrounding crime and rehabilitation are often pushed out of sight and out of mind. Expression through art and design are critical to society as forums for discussing these issues. Alternative programs for non-violent offenders have been proven to be effective in reducing recidivism. This public venue offers a venue for discussion about how the culture of social deviants and mainstream American society can be re-synthesized with one another, focusing on the music and storytelling of convicts reentering society. Reclaimed timber construction along with an open floor plan contrast with traditional repressive concrete prison designs.
interior perspective sketchup, podium, photoshop
entrance perspective sketchup, podium, photoshop
flashing gravel ballast sedum ecoroof
reclaimed fir decking
reclaimed cedar siding knee brace reclaimed cedar nailer
recycled glass windows
reclaimed fir framing
moisture barrier OSB sheathing rigid insulation A-C plywood
steel knife plate
recycled concrete floors recycled concrete stem wall recycled aggregate concrete recycled concrete footing
MT. TABOR COFFEE CULTURE CAFE Love of coffee and a passion for local produce are both cultural elements that define Portland as a city. Unfortunately, in our region we are normally only able to experience the culture of coffee from the roasting process onward. The Coffee Culture Cafe is sited on Mt. Tabor in SE Portland, a location which is reminiscent of the mountainous coffee growing regions of Central America. The design for this cafe was developed to offer a deep connection to coffee through the recognition of an agricultural industry which provides us a product that we cannot easily produce locally. Through a better understanding of the social and ecological processes of coffee production, the program can inform the public about the importance of issues such as fair-trade, shade grown, and organic agriculture.
perspective sketchup, podium
site plan graphite, pen
traditional boardform process vs. earthform process
earthform concrete wall mock-up
Traditional farmhouses exemplify the use of a multiple pour boardform process for building concrete walls and foundations. This design adopts this technique using the earth as the formwork for the casting process. The concrete is poured before much of the excavation is complete, allowing the walls to be revealed during the final grading. The result is a unique texture which reveals the materiality, grade, and color of the native soil.
street perspective rhino, maxwell, photoshop
OUTSIDE IN: GROUP HOUSING Outside-In is a non-profit which provides safe housing, meals, and healthcare to youth as a way of pro-actively preventing homelessness. Access to work plays a critical role in a young personâ€™s growth and development. One potential answer to this need is a cooperative housing model which incorporates a micro-industry into its social and spatial organization. Sustainable urban landscaping, or permascaping, has become increasingly popular in recent years, especially in the Portland area. Permascaping services are more than a good solution for income, but offer other fulfilling benefits as well. Horticultural therapy has become a leading technique for physical and mental rehabilitation. By working with plants and animals the residents of the Urban Homestead Workshop will learn about business, community, and personal health.
PSU MICRO TREATMENT WETLAND As a leader of a group of PSU students, faculty, and staff, I worked to create an educational treatment wetland on the Portland State University campus. Local landscaping companies, government entities, students, researchers, and the public would all be able to learn from this functional small-scale treatment wetland. Wash water from the PSU landscaping equipment and other vehicles was once rinsed into a storm drain. This wetland would treat the water and allow it to be infiltrated through a raingarden. We received funding for the project, but the permitting phase of the project took longer than our grant window would allow. In the end we used a much more simple technology as a treatment for the washwater. wash water in stormdrain
proposed educational solution autocad
no red tape, low cost solution
primary aerobic cell
myco-remediation raingarden secondary aerobic cell anaerobic cell micro treatment wetland section diagram rhino, maxwell, photoshop
This study analyzed the daylighting potential of a five-story childrenâ€™s hospital in Lexington, KY. It required both high quality daylight and minimal solar gain. With new climate-based daylight modeling software, firms can more accurately and affordably design project specific strategies which optimize daylight and solar gain. This study was a collaborative effort between PSU Architecture and SRG Partnership. We utilized Grasshopper and DIVA to study the effects of possible daylighting design strategies within the schematic design phase of the project. The results validated many of the existing design decisions but also showed project-specific data which might not have been possible using other daylighting study methodologies. The computer modeling allowed details to emerge such as the effects of interior wall placement and light reflecting off of surrounding structures. The roles of different shading devices and glass types were able to be tested in rapid iteration.
RESEARCH INTERNSHIP: DAYLIGHT ANALYSIS
design development phase
ideal design software workflow
revit BIM modeling
rhino NURBS modeling
grasshopper parametric design
diva daylight simulation
shading device comparision- irradiance 3rd floor, autumnal equinox, clear sky with sun
modular pre-grown sedum ecoroof liveroof system, river rock stepping stones
PRACTICE: ECOROOF CONSULTING Sedum ecoroofs similar to their predecessors in Germany have been adapted for the Pacific Northwest and are now the most common ecoroof typology in the region. Ecoroofs and other vegetated elements are becoming increasingly common in contemporary architecture. Stormwater management, habitat creation, and evapotranspiration are just a few of the benefits that ecoroofs can offer. My interests in both plants and architecture have led me to be involved in a number of residential ecoroof projects as a consultant. In one project on Bainbridge Island, WA we used a pregrown modular system. For another project in southeast Portland we created a custom built-up layered system, and then planted it with sedum cuttings. Both projects are healthy and are enjoyed by their respective owners.
PRACTICE: OXALIS LANDSCAPES INC. As a Landscape Construction Professional in Oregon I have had experience designing, installing, and maintaining landscapes. Working with my business partner Cam Stewart, I built up a small landscape business in Eugene, OR. As contractors we worked with clients, designed residential and commercial projects, collaborated with landscape architects, and worked within the city permit and inspection process. I recently closed the business to pursue an education in architecture, but I have retained an interest in landscapes and their relationship with architectural design. I hope continue to use my knowledge of plants and landscape construction to support my practice.
front yard viewing deck sustainably forested redwood
Thank you for your interest in my work. I would also like to thank the following people and organizations for supporting my work and this portfolio:
Stephen and Barbara Deines Portland State University School of Architecture University of Oregon SRG Partnership Robert Thopmson Dave Dunkak Cam Stewart