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LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING

ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING

1.+ANALYSIS 2. CONCEPT IDEAS 3.FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY 4. THE WANTED GREEN


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

1.+ANALYSIS


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 1. +ANALYSIS_ ANTWERP

SOME HISTORY... • Between 1650 and the nineteenth century, the Scheldt remained closed to traffic and the metropolis became a provincial town. • 1795-1814 During the French occupation: the begin-ning of a modern port, but also the French plunder.o 1800 Antwerp had reached the lowest point of its fortunes, and its population had sunk under 40000. • 1830: Belgian Revolution. During two years the town was bombarded and at the end of 1832 the citadel itself was besieged by a French army. During this attack the town was further damaged. • Since 1863(the port was reopened) to nowadays the city has been growing, except during the two world wars. OUR PLOT APPEARS IN THAT PERIOD • After the war started the rebuilt of the city.

IN THE 20TH CENTURY -transport • In the last centuries The development of the transport sector was dominated by the growth of the harbor. • In the 30s a breakthrough occurred when the Tramways d’ Anvers were allowed to use the suburban network. This is a wonderful example of the ties that existed between the city and its suburbs within the structure of the conurbation. -suburbanization • There were new social housing policies and a wide spread of the concept of a garden city. • There was an architectural and historical value of the existing buildings in th e historical centre, so it became really expensive living there. • Massive constructions of new homes in the 20s o In 1919 the government created the National Organisation of Cheap Housing and Living Areas, as there was a tendency to stimulate a “healthy” living building. o That was something very difficult for Antwerp as it was not quite applicable to a city with already high building density o In the 19th century the solution was inspired by the Parisian housing with 6 or 7 storey buildings, constructed around a communal court yard. o There were also some large-scale projects also within the city’s outer walls. • 20s social housing policy was dominated by the garden cities. o The suburbs were a prime location for these garden cities, with their typical cottages and playgrounds. Problems: distance from the city, poor accessibility and public transport and little local equipment were disadvantages which applied to nearly all of the garden cities. o No real garden cities, as there were none of the essential facilities like proper shopping areas.

SCALE 1_5000


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 1. +ANALYSIS_INTERESTING RESIDENTIAL EXAMPLES IN ANTWERP

1 2 3


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

INTERESTS: _THEY CREATE IN THE ANTWERP CITY AN INTERNAL NET OR SPACE WHERE COMMUNITY INTERACTS.

1

2

3

_THERE ARE QUITE AN INTERESTING SPCES THAT HAVE THEIR OWN IDENTITY _CITIZENS LIKE THIS HOUSING COMPLEX


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 1. +ANALYSIS_ANTWERP OPINION

GREEN AREAS

SURVEY Living Antwerp 1.

Which is for you, the most important place of Antwerp?

2.

What do you think that Antwerp needs more?

parks

3.

Where do you used to go when you are with friends?

Lack of green areas is demanded by the people of Antwerp

4.

Are you used to relate with your neighbors?

5.

Do you relate more with…

6.

Which is your usually meeting point?

7.

Do you live…

8.

How many rooms have your dwelling? .

9.

Do you share any facility? Thank you for your time!

relation with their ownneighborhood

INTRODUCING THE GREEN IN THEIR LIVES

PROVIDE SPACES FOR THE COMMUNITY

COLLECTIVE SPACES


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

PUBLIC SPACE The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen introduced the distintion of public and private domain based in three aspects: OWNERSHIP Spaces that under the possession and management of government ACCESSIBILITY Public space is accessible to all at every moment of the day PURPOSE It has a collective purpose, it serves to the public interest SOCIAL SPACE It is a is physical or virtual space such as a social center, Facebook, or other gathering place where people gather and interact COLLECTIVE SPACE Manuel Solá-Morales: ‘The Wealth of the city lies sin its collectives spaces, i alll the places where everyday life takes place, is manifested, is remembered’ There are different kinds of collective spaces. It could be private plots with a public domain, or private spaces that have been collectivised and act as a substitude of the neighborhood, or even they could be intermediate size places thatjoint the private space within the public space

WHAT DOES IT MEAN?


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 1. +ANALYSIS_OUTSIDE REFERENCES

Project in the neighborhood of La Sang ,Alcoi of Manuel Solรก -Morales

Lattice building. MVRDV


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL The project features a mixture of elements (infrastructure, public works and vehicular access ramps). It is characterized by its minimalist design and distribution of alleys and other spaces. GLC's acts in Camden Town, Pimlico, etc... The most characteristic feature of the project may be the separation of traffic at different levels crossed, handling the steep slopes (1419%), and the diversification of housing. These are designed from a basic (casas of quart i mig, helix). The facades have a unique design (single window), seeking intimacy (4 to 6 dwellings step, with volumes of low height and interior courtyards of service), while its streets are open to courtesy.


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING

Quinta Monroy. Alejandoro Aravena


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

2.CONCEPT IDEAS


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 2. CONCEPT IDEAS_ 7 IDENTITIES

EXISTING IDENTITIES


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

NEW IDENTITIES


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 2. CONCEPT IDEAS_ CONTINUOUS BUT FRAGMENTED

CONCEPT PROPOSAL


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

Taking Utzon’s project in Fredensborg, as well as his Kingo Houses, as two succeeding references, the curling shaped proposal tries to open up courtyards in a continuos arrangement, and in this way never creating a rigid barrier from its surrounding context. In actual fact, this curling structure makes an indirect but, simultaneously, an intimate transition between the existing urban fabric and the plan proposed. The decision of this flexible shape also arises from the fact that the site is very narrow, therefore in this way we create a high density plan free from a fixed and strict pattern. Furthermore, this layout suggests a possible zoning of each of these collective spaces, giving each courtyard a unique identity depending on its position and lacking needs of the area. The string of dwelling blocks, connected and continuous, follows the contours of the undulating design. Being flexibility a major aspect in our project, each dwelling typology also follows this concept, creating diverse plans in order to give an interesting external appearance.

REFERENCE OF UTZON


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 2. CONCEPT IDEAS_VARIETY OF SPACES AND HIERARCHY

SEVICE PLACES + EXCHANGE SPACES


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DIFFERENT SPACES

TYPE OF SPACE

FEATURES

FEATURES

USE

STREETS

LINEAL LOCAL EXISTENCES

LINEAR BIG NOT BOUNDERIES

PROMENADE AND CONNECT THE CITY

PUBLIC SERVICE SPACES

CLOSE FLEXIBLE ADITION OF SPACES

BIG LIBRAY, CULTURAL CENTRE, KINDERGARTEN, SPORT SPACES, TEMPORAL SHOW SPACE, BANKS FRAGMENTED SPACES ALL OVER THE GROUND FLOOR

COURTYARDS

OPEN GREEN NO COMMERCE

BIG CENTRALISED

EXCHANGE SPACES

CLOSE MEDIUM COMMERCE LINEAR ACTIVITIY CONNCETION BETWEEN PUBLIC AND COLLECTIVE LIFE

SHOPS, GALLERIES, CAFES, STUDIOS...

COLLECTIVE SERVICE SPACES

OPEN OR CLOSE SEMI-PRIVATE VISUAL CONNECTIONS

SMALL SQUARE FRAGMENTED SPACES IN EACH THE BUILDING (2 BLOCKS)

COMMUNITY SERVICES

TERRACES

OPEN SPACE SEMI-PRIVATE VISUAL CONNCETIONS GREEN

SMALL SQUARE IN EACH BLOCK’S ROOF

REALX COMMUNITY SPACES

CORRIDORS

OPEN SPACE LINEAL SEMI.PRIVATE ACCESS GREEN

LINEAR SMALL (HORIZONTAL:4 DWELLING ACCESS)

ACCESS DWELLINGS

PARKS, PLAYGROUND, SPORT GROUND


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 2. CONCEPT IDEAS_SYSTEM OF GROWTH

BY USING THE RESOURCES OF REPETITION AND TURN WE CREATE THE BLOCK


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

PROPOSAL OF ACTIVITIES GROUND FLOOR


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

COURTYARD IDENTITY

TEMPORAL

SPACES OF EXCHANGE

STREET

CULTURE LEISURE PEOPLE FORM OUTSIDE THE NEIGHBORHOOD

ELDERLY PEOPLE BANKS KINDERGARTEN SHOPPING

COURTYARD

COFEE AND RESTAURANT

PEOPLE FORM THE NEIGHBORHOOD


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

EXAMPLE OF EXCHANGE SPACE IN THE COFFEE COURTYARD


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

COURTYARD IDENTITY

COMMON CHARACTERISTICS

TEMPORAL CULTURE BANKS

TYPOLOGIES

STUDIO

SHOPPING

_EACH STORE HAS TWO ACCESS

COFEE AND RESTAURANT

_EACH DWELLING HAS TO HAVE THE SAME SURFACE FACE TO A COURTYARD FACADE THAN TO A STREET FACADE _ THE STREETS FACADES HAS THE SAME IMAGE, WOOD, AND THE COURTYARDS FACADE ARE METAL FACADES _THE IMAGE LINKED WITH EACH TYPOLOGY CREATES, BYUSING DIFFERENT HEIGHTS, DIFFERENT URBAN IMAGES, FROM HIGH DENSITY TO LOW DENSITY _THE END OF THE CORRIDORS APPEARS AS A “RUBBISH SPACE” BECOMING AS A EXTENSION OF THE HOME TO THE CORRIDOR

LEISURE

FAMILIAR

KINDERGARTEN ELDERLY PEOPLE

ELDERLY PEOPLE


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

FAMILY TYPOLOGY


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

CHARACTERISTICS family typology

_IT HAS THE DOUBLE THE SURFACE THAN THE OTHERS TYPOLOGIES _THE TWO LEVELS OF THE DWELLING ARE TWISTED, GETTING A FORM OF THE “L” _THE GREEN ESTABLISH A VERTICAL VISUAL CONNECTION BETWEEN THE LEVELS


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

FAMILY TYPOLOGY


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

CHARACTERISTICS studio typology

_THERE ARE TWO KINDS OF TYPOLOGIES: THE ONE STORE DWELLING AND THE DUPLEX DWELLING

_THE GREEN ESTABLISH A VISUAL CONNECTION BETWEEN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE PIECES OF THE HOUSE


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

FAMILY TYPOLOGY


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

CHARACTERISTICS elderly typology

_THE DOORS ARE BIGGER SIZE FOR KEEP THE MOBILITY INSIDE OF THE WHEELCHAIR _WE STABLIS TWO CIRCLE THE ONE INSIDE WITH THE BATH SERVICES AND THE REST OF ACTIVITIES RE IN THE EXTERNAL CIRCLE. _THE GREEN ESTABLISH A VISUAL CONNECTION BETWEEN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE PIECES OF THE HOUSE


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

The simple steel structure gives the advantageous facility of constructing it in little time, as well as the prefabricated facades which only need to be placed in position in situ. The precast concrete slabs are fixed to the steel framing via stud-shear connectors, and the steel walkways are attached to this structure through metallic cables joined to the steel beams.

DETAILS DWELLINGS


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

DOUBLE IMAGE_ WOOD STREET


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

The covered walkways and balconies extend the living spaces to various orientations, giving the possibility to choose. Basically, there are two types of facades with two different materials: the wooden facade is orientated towards the outside (the context) as this material blends well with the surrounding buildings, and the aluminum elevation faces the inside of the courtyard, always connected to the steel staircases and walkways. Additionally, as the facades are quite fully glazed, the walkways serve as awnings, providing the necessary privacy and sun screening. This is done in the exterior facade with the wooden horizontal plates which create a sun filter in each of the integrated patios of every dwelling. Operable windows allow for natural ventilation and air circulates fast considering the size of each house (12m x 12m).


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

DOUBLE IMAGE_METALLIC COURTYARD


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

The building is formed by two residential towers, off-set from each other, and so never positioned in an exact same way to each other. This scheme maximizes the incidence of natural lighting, as well as the amount of external space afforded to its residents. The access to both levels of these prefabricated dwellings is via external steel staircases and covered galleries, as well as an incorporated lightweight glazed elevator at each side of the staircase. The towers are also linked by steel bridges supporting extensive planting, giving a joyful and pleasant image as well as providing further communication zones. We have to recall that two of the essential requirements given by the people of Antwerp in our surveys were the needed green areas and a collective plan in which the relationships between neighbors was one of the principle aspects, as this is their custom way of living.

DOUBLE IMAGE_ WOOD STREET


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

DETAIL CORRIDORS


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

WHAT ARE THE RULES THAT THE COLLECTIVE SPACE FOLLOWS?

SPACE HIERARCHY The blocks are raised above the ground in most cases, providing space for a prominent ground floor which is the social principle of our project. This community-based plan creates and encourages outdoor activities and communal gatherings. The ground floor will provide services to all the citizens of Antwerp and the voids to the neighborhood. The blocks missing this ground floor create linked visual connections throughout the whole layout, following a designed pathway, as well as continuing the principal existing streets of the urban fabric.


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL


SPACES OF EXCHANGE

LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

ACTIVITIES

STUDIO ROOM PARTY ROOM

GRANDPARENTS

LUNCH ROOM SPORT ROOM PLAYGROUND ROOM SOLARIUM SPACE CARDS ROOM VIDEOGAME ROOM

FAMILY

CINEMA ROOM

SCHEME_COLLECTIVES SPACES

STUDIO


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

IMAGES


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING 3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY

EXAMPLE OF COLLECTIVES SPACE_STUDIO_BARBACUE

EXAMPLE OF COLLECTIVES SPACE_ FAMILY_GYM


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

4. THE WANTED GREEN


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING

DOUBLE IMAGE_ WOOD STREET


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

3. FROM THE CITY TO THE INDIVIDUAL, ENDING IN THE COMMUNITY


LIVING + SOCIAL Msc1 DWELLING

DOUBLE IMAGE_ WOOD STREET


ALEJANDRA RUANO CAMPOS BELEN GOMEZ LLOBELL

LIVING+SOCIAL  

Project develop in the studio of Msc1 of TUDelft 2010. Proposal of housing in an area in the city of Antwerp. By establishing the community...

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