playground-matters_haiti_2018_on-site_report

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PLAYGROUND MATTERS JACMEL, HAITI REPORT

14 FEBRUARY-05 MARCH

ELECTIVE - WS 17/18 PROF. BEEKE BARTELT DYLAN DEGUZMAN // PRANA SHRESTHA // REETY LACHHMAN // RUMI SINGH MAHARJAN


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

The following report was produced by the students in the Master of Arts of Architecture course in the Dessau International Architecture Graduate School, after successfully completion of the project on ground at FMCS in Jacmel, Haiti for the elective Playground Matters. Thanks to Lecturer Beeke Bartelt, in Hochschule Anhalt for guidance during the research and hands-on ground work at Jacmel, Haiti.

Copyright notice: the authors acknowledge that all the images have been produced by them for this publication, unless credited otherwise, and can be used in publications as long as the author is credited. JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

LECTURER:

BEEKE BARTELT

TEAM:

DYLAN DEGUZMAN PRANA SHRESTHA REETY LACHHMAN RUMI SINGH MAHARJAN

JACMEL, HAITI

4065307 4065306


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

CONTENT 1.0 Playground Matters 2.0 Itinerary of Project 3.0 Workshops 3.1 Rope Technique 3.2 Art 3.3 Bottle Dome 3.4 Tyre 4.0 Material Procurement 2.1 Plastic Bottles 2.3 Tyres 2.4 Other materials 5.0 Exhibition 6.0 Meeting with the teachers 7.0 Jacmel Visit 8.0 Tokken of love from the Children 9.0 Project Cost Overview 10. Team

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

PLAYGROUND MATTERS In conjunction with the Haiti Project, a development cooperation between students of architecture from Anhalt University and FMCS Haiti for a health post on the grounds of an orphanage in Jacmel (South-Haiti), DIA-students picked up the task of formulating smart and fun designs for sport and playground areas on site. After researching materiality, alternative techniques for high-quality upcycling solutions and discussing strategies for participative design the specific proposals have been tested in reality – the reality of materiality, of participants, and last but not least of budgeting. Through a series of tests in workshops and collaborations during the winter semester, the efforts have moved from sketch to site in the semester break in February and March 2018, realizing the proposals together with the users in Jacmel. Beeke Bartelt FMCS Foundation Makes Children Smile was founded by Thomas Diehl together with Marat and Martine in Jacmel, Haiti. First started with a small house with four rooms to now two, 2-storied house one for girls and one for boys. The official website is www.haitinothilfe.de IMO Institution Mixte des Oranges School is founded by FMCS in the premises of FMCS, where classes run from 1 to 6. It is run by a team of teachers and main director from Jacmel. The school is attended by the kids from the orphange as well as from outside. Health Post FMCS together with Anhalt University is now building a health post in the premises of FMCS that will provide better health facilities to the kids at FMCS as well as to the community outside.

JACMEL, HAITI


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ITINERARY OF PROJECT After the research and working out many design options we finally agreed on some of the design ideas to be build on site. The remaining ideas even though not built,were shared in the form of a Booklet. The Booklet not only had all the ideas but also had manuals of the different techniques like the rope, bottle, earth-bag and tyre construction. Thus with the booklet and manuals we decided on: 1. Workshops (Rope technique, Art, Bottle dome and Tyre construction) to involve children in-order to make them understand the concept of reuse, recycle and up-cycle. In addition, also simple skills that can be used in many ways. The main idea is to help them think outside the box, rethink everything! 2. A cozy play area for kids to play safely. A tyre mound with sand pit. 3. Seating for watching football matches 13th Feb 2018 Arrive at Port-au-Prince Reety withdraws money Meetup with Julia and Chanan 14th Feb 2018 Visit under-construction health post Visit Hotel to check out rates, local grocery store Town visit (Went by Car, returned walking) -Supermarket for groceries -Seaside walk -Artist atelier -Souvenirs -Club Congo -Take a walk back to FMCS Meeting with Marat and Martine -Booklet presentation -Discussion on costs 15th Feb 2018 Town visit (Walked up and down) -Sim card activation -Malaria Pharmacy -Construction thread and Paper cutter Plastic Bottle Procurement -Received 2 big bags of plastic bottles from Olivetree (Sarah and Laura Wallace) -Also visited their base, sort according to colour, 2 machines compress plastic bottles, shipped to PAP where they are shredded and then exported. Brainstorm/Discussions -Design for the “Prayer Wheel” -Driveway conceptual JACMEL, HAITI


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16th Feb 2018 Meeting with Marat -Container place beside the school building, ease of placement, access of container roof for school’s office spaces, alternative perpendicular to school building, in place of wall. -Car parking for doctors can be placed behind the health post, along the building. Must be hidden from entrance. -Tyre “Prayer Wheel” -Workshop discussion with Marat, need to discuss details with Vanice. Meeting with Bachelor Students for Health Post -Health post set back from main road by 4m due to by laws. -No provision for wall behind health post -Tyres can be brought from the shop where they bought raw materials -Materials in container: basketball ring, football goalpost, volleyball net, bikes,… -Not all tools can be shared with them 17th Feb 2018 Bassin Bleu Visit -Laura, Anabell, Jenna, Maraya, Dickens, Jackson -Walked from FMCS to airport junction. -Moto taxi to ‘Grand Riviera de Jacmel’ -Walked across river on foot -Hiked to Bassin Bleu -On the way back snacked @ the Base -Hiked downhill -Moto taxi back to airport and walked back to FMCS. Dinner @ FMCS 18th Feb 2018 Workshop Preparation -Rope Technique Knot practise Miniature table -Bottle Technique Washing of bottles Length arranged Worked out Rivet joint Evening games with Children 19th Feb 2018 Workshop (daily 10am-11am) -Reety and Rumi conducted “rope technique” workshop with students of class 5 and 6 Contribution to health post -Dylan and Prana helped in health post construction -4 columns + 1 plumbing shaft Town visit -Materials for workshop (food sticks) -Water refill Bottle Dome -Worked on joinery -Star shape complete JACMEL, HAITI


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20th Feb 2018 Tyre -Went around the town with Vanice’s scooter -Jacmel Tyres -Mechanics along the streets -Bigger workshops look for commissions Workshop -For classes 3 and 4 by all four of us -Rope techniques Bottle Dome -Washed all bottles and caps required Beeke and Jossy arrive 21st Feb 2018 Bottle Dome Workshop -For class 1 -Art and Rope techniques Beeke updates 22nd Feb 2018 Workshop -For class 2 -Art and Rope techniques -Conducted by all 4 and Beeke Rope Workshop with Older kids of FMCS -8 triangles completed -Miniature bench -Outdoor exercise, on a tree Town Visit Marat, Beeke, Jossy, Prof. Hartmann, Dylan, Reety, Prana, Rumi -Bought materials -Grocery for dinner 23rd Feb 2018 Workshop -Rope knot techniques on the yard -Application on goal post Tyre Collection -Hired Laura’s truck to collect tyres -100 tyres picked up in two trips from Jacmel tyres and 4 tyres by William from mechanics Evening out with Laura and Jenny 24th Feb 2018 Bottle dome -All joints completed Tyre Mound -Location fixed with Beeke, Vanice and Us. -2 options discussed for the school -Football seating for FMCS Football pitch -Decision to have perimeter in concrete block -D-box to be defined by marker stones -Score the line of pitch and use limestone powder

Sculpture with rope technique

JACMEL, HAITI


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25th Feb 2018 Finished Sand pit mound design Dug trench for 4 tyres in 2 hours Worked on 2 options for football seating arrangement Figured out dimensions 26th Feb 2018 Sand Pit Mound -First layer 90% complete including soil -Discovered pipeline for electrical (need to think about it) -Soil + red sand procured, 1 truck each (1 truck=2cum) Bottle Workshop -Conducted by Beeke, Rumi and Togo(teacher) -For class 5 and 6 -Brief on garbage, recycling, composting, up-cycling -Assembly of bottle units by children Brief draft interview with Prof. Hartmann 27th Feb 2018 Sand Pit Mound -First layer compaction after overnight rain -Second layer compaction -Procured soil completely used, white sand used for filling as well -third layer, zip ties did not work, used GI wires instead in a loop 28th Feb 2018 Soil did not arrive Sand Pit -Cleaned site and Pebble laying on site for pathway -Cleaning of tyres with children Football seating -Started work and Used aggregate from the health post Team Meeting Town visit: Reety and Dylan to town with William in car 1st Mar 2018 Football seating -Ground layer completed with aggregate mainly -Second layer used aggregate and black sand from health post -Soil arrives, clayey, loamy soil also used for second layer -Worked lated completed up to 2nd layer Sand Pit Mound/ Paint Workshop -For class 5 and 6, Children painted on tyres, different colors 2nd Mar 2018 Football Seating -Remaining 3 layers completed -Filled with aggregate, soil - top two layers tied together Sand Pit Mound -Tyres along entrance filled with earth -Top two tyres tied together Paint Workshop -For class 5 and 6 @ sand pit by themselves Meeting with Beeke and Jossy about excursions

JACMEL, HAITI


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3rd March 2018 Sand Pit Mound -Painting of Tyres completed with children Football Seating -Painting Signage Reety and Prana went to visit “Grow with Haiti” Sample seating with tyres and weaving 4th Mar 2018 Sand Pit Mound -Installation of lights, tyre weaving, overall set-up Bottle dome installed at the center of sand pit All art workshop exhibited in strings EXHIBITION 5th Mar 2018 Re-setup of exhibition around sand pit Meeting with teachers of the school Outing to SA-KA-LA-KA-WEL and Beach

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

WORKSHOP: ROPE TECHNIQUE The rope technique consists of 3 main scout rope techniques. The techniques are very useful in different situations to join two elements together. Square knot for perpendicular knots. Cross knots for angular knots and finally a Tipi tent knot for making the Tipi Tent. These 3 knots form the basis of the joining system as kids after this will be able to make anything, from toys to repairing shoe rack, cupboards, and many more. Wood/sticks and jute/bamboo ropes were used for outdoor experiments. For Classroom workshops wood skewers and nylon ropes were used. The workshops were carried out for students from class 1 to 6. It was also done with the kids at the orphanage.

Jute/ Coconut ropes

JACMEL, HAITI

TP Tent rope technique in different sizes

Marlene’s TP Tent


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Rope techniques workshop

Rope techniques workshop

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

JACMEL, HAITI

Rope technique workshop

Everyone building their own TP Tent

Rope technique outdoors

Square knot for Football Goal Post


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

WORKSHOP: ART “What is your favourite play?”, “How do you imagine your playground to be?”, “What do you do in your play time?” The question for art workshop revolved around these questions. We were very happy to see the kid’s imagination take form in different ways. The art workshop was mainly done with students from class 1 and 2 and in the orphanage during the free time.

Annie with her artwork

Joya and Ludmia with their art work

Kids enjoring sketching in the free time

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Machna and Annie Art work

JACMEL, HAITI

Annie’s art work


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Lucmango’s Art work

Malika’s art work

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Kenle’s art work

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WORKKSHOP: BOTTLE DOME The plastic PET bottle and the caps that were collected were first washed and dried in sun. Then a series of cutting and joining of bottles to make different lengths were done. The joints were made by rivets and screw and nut. With the technique of making a small component with these bottles were taught which when explored many more interesting things could be made. With this the concept of recycling and up-cycling were also shared. After the explanation, the kids were given these components in teams. It is amazing how they were able to think of different things to make out of it. Some made alphabets, bow and arrow. It was very motivating to see the teachers equally participating in the workshops.

PET Bottles collection point

Bottom of the bottles cut

Different Components lengths made by joining two bottles JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Caps used to make joints with rivet, screw and nut

Complete top most part of the dome

JACMEL, HAITI

Working table with all the materials


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Teacher Tugo with students exploring bottle workshop at IMO

Students of class 5 and 6 exploring bottle workshop

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Teacher Tugo with his class 5 and 6 participating in the bottle workshop

JACMEL, HAITI


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Student participating in a game to segregate given items into recycle and compost category

JACMEL, HAITI


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Final Bottle Dome made together with the students

JACMEL, HAITI


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WORKSHOP: TYRE The tyre workshop was mostly for the older kids from the orphanage. It consists of a series of tasks from cleaning of the tyre, placing the tyre in layers, filling the tyres with stone, gravel, sand, mud, compaction of tyre, laying tyres simultaneously. For the safety of the children playing, the top most two layer of tyres were tied together with bending wire so that they do not move from their position. Clearing the area, stone pathway and the sand pit was done at the end. The painting of tyres were done by all. Thus a tyre mound with sandpit was designed for the school as well as orphanage kids. In addition, a tyre seat for watching the football matches was also made in the similar process.

Tyres collection

Setting out of tyre mound

Sand for the pit

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Mockkup of Tyre mound

JACMEL, HAITI


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Positioning of Base tyres

Digging for base tyres

First layer of tyre

Tyre mound takking shape

JACMEL, HAITI


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Earth and Stones for filling

Placing of upper layers

JACMEL, HAITI

Filling and Compaction

First 3 layers of tyre mound

Filling and Compaction


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Coloring and art works in Tyres

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FMCS Aerena seating to watch football matches

JACMEL, HAITI


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MATERIAL PROCUREMENT Material procurement was one of the main challenges of the project. The first week of the project was mainly dedicated to find materials. Bottles: The www.olivetreeprojects.com founded by Sarah Wallace is an organization that works towards 3 different programs of Midwifery Center, Foster Care Program and Recycling Depot. With The help of the sisters Sarah and Laura Wallace we were able to get the bottles for free for our project.

Bottle collection Point of Olivetree organization

Laura Wallace showing the bottle recycle process

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Tyre: Jacmel tyres, a big company donated us 100 old tyres for free and 4 more tyres from a local mechanic. Thus a total of 104 tyres were used in the project. Other Materials: Sand and Earth required for the project were procured from nearby sand/earth depot. All other tools and materials like paint, axe, hammer, brushes, etc were bought from the local hardware shops. The drilling machine and the screw and but were bought from Port-Au-Prince.

Jacmel tyres donated 100 tyres

Tyre Collection

104 tyres successfully collected

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

EXHIBITION The exhibition showcased all the work done in the 3 weeks time, it was done at the Tyre Mound, with the completed tyre mound with the sand pit. The bottle dome was placed at the center of the mound. All the works done during the rope workshops and art workshop were displaced around the area.

Group picture with the students at the new play area.

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Art works, Bottle dome and the rope technique objects exhibited

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

Kids play inside the Bottle dome

JACMEL, HAITI


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Kids singing and dancing at the tyre mound

JACMEL, HAITI


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MEETING WITH TEACHERS Meeting with the Director and the teachers of the school to brief them on the different workshop that we did and also to handover the remaining manual of the techniques of workshop. It was very good to share, discuss and also answer different queries. The motive was the continuation of the workshop.

Meeting with the director and teachers to share workkshop manuals

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

JACMEL VISIT

Top left to right: Visit to Jacmel promenade, Grow in Haiti, SA-KA-LA-KA-WEL, Bassin Bleu and the Beach

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

TOKEN OF LOVE

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

A thank you card and painting on tile from the kids at FMCS

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

PROJECT COST OVERVIEW As there were budget constraints the main idea of the project was recycling and up-cycling. Thus the main materials were brought for free.

Description

Tyres Plastic Bottles Construction Thread Paper Cutter Rubber Band Coconut Rope Bamboo Skewers Paints, Paint brush, Hammer Sand Cleaning brush, soap Metal Buckets Axe repair Earth/Mud Drill set, screw and nut Paint thinner Nylon rope Super glue Surgical gloves Plastic tape Color pencils Garbage bag Transportation of materials Transportation of materials Material search in Scooter

Amount

Cost (Haitian Gourdes)

104 2 big bags 2 bundle 3 1 packet 5 5 packkets 4, 4, 1 2 truckk 3, 1 2 2 1 big truck 1, 1 packket 1 1 bundle 1 packket 1 packet 2 rolls 5 packkets 1 packet For tyre For sand 1 day

For Free For Free 425 150 60 125 1490 7695 4700 810 1500 500 3000 2250 1350 500 100 1000 300 175 160 1500 1500 150

TOTAL

28940 HAITIAN GOURDES 365.5 EURO (1E=79.17 HTG)

JACMEL, HAITI


PLAYGROUND MATTERS

TEAM

From left to right: DYLAN DEGUZMAN, BEEKE BARTLET (lecturer), REETY LACHHMAN, RUMI SINGH MAHARJAN, PRANA SHRESTHA JACMEL, HAITI


COPYRIGHT 2018 PLAYGROUND MATTERS ELECTIVE - WS 17/18