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PLAYGROUND MATTERS A MANUAL


CONTENT PREFACE OVERALL LAYOUT TECHNIQUES MANUAL with: BOTTLES (PLASTIC) ROPES EARTH BAGS TIRES

ADDITIONAL DESIGNS “THE PITCH”, with CONCRETE “MUSIC BOX”, with CONTAINER “HERB GARDEN” “JUMPING GROUNDS” “RETHINKING WALLS”, with BOTTLES (GLAS) “DRAGON’S TAIL” with TUBES


PREFACE PLAYGROUND MATTERS In conjunction with the HaitiProject, a development cooperation between bachelor students of architecture and design from Anhalt University and Haiti Nothilfe e.V. / FMCS Haiti for a health post on the grounds of the FMCS orphanage in Jacmel (South-Haiti), students from the international master program “DIA” at Anhalt University picked up the task of formulating smart and fun designs for sport and playground areas on site. Starting in April 2017 the first semester was dedicated to researching materiality, alternative techniques for highquality upcycling solutions and discussing strategies for participative design. The second semester from October 2017 to January 2018 was focused on the realization of the specific proposals, testing techniques in different scales and preparing the design ideas for the ultimate test: reality – the reality of materiality, of participants, and last but not least of budgeting. After a series of experimentations in workshops and collaborations the students finally moved from sketch to site, for which this manual was produced. In the semester break from mid-February until mid-March 2018 4 students dared to break out of university routine and bring their ideas to the test in Jacmel, to continue experimenting and building together with the users of FMCS.

Dessau, February 2018


OVERALL LAYOUT THE SITE

Health Post

School

Dormitory (Boys)

Dormitory (Girls)

Kitchen


Bottle Dome Earth Mound

The Pitch


DESIGN PROPOSALS

Pathway


SO

RAIN GARDEN


OAK PIT

WATER GRADIENTS


TECHNIQUES MANUAL PLAYFUL HILL HIDDEN TREASURES


BOTTLES (PLASTIC)


BOTTLE DOME


1 Select & Sort

Cut the bottom

Type 1 (with bottle cap)

Type 2 (without bottle cap)

2

Combine type 1 & 2 Repeat & Connect to form

Length A

Length B

Length C


3

Select a thick bottle

Cut top half

Cut circle dimension smaller than bottle cap

Joint Type 1 (with 5 holes)

Joint Type 2 (with 6 holes)

4

Yellow Blue Red

- Length A - Length B - Length C Combination 1

Combination 2

Combination 3


5

Combination 3 + Joint Type 1

Connecting Combination + Joint Type 1

6

Follow Colour Coordination


ROPES


ROPE TECHNIQUE 1 2

3 4


COMBINING KNOTS: PROJECT EXAMPLE: TABLE WITH SEATS


1


2

3

4

5


6

7


EARTH BAGS


EARTHBAGS

1 REQUIREMENTS


2

Arrange earthbag to desire shape

3

A wall two bags wide will interlock better if the barbed wire is laid in a figure 8 pattern.

Caution : Cut the wire long enough to over lap the ends.


4

5

Press and compact the earth bag

Repeat the steps before and arrange them with given dimension.

3” step in 4” step in 15”


6

Interweaving suspended brick weights hold down barbed wire and weaves each row together.

7 Interweaving suspended brick weights between tubes on a low,serpertine wall.


FRENCH DRAINS 1

Porous filter fabric

Line bottom of trench with sand to support pipe and protect fabric from punctures. 4” diameter perforated pipes with holes on sides sloped to daylight, dry well or holding tanks etc.

2

Fold filter fabric over top of cobbles

3

Pile more cobbles and rocks on top of exposed filter fabric

water collects in trench

Fill around pipes with larger cobbles to allow more air space for water to drain easily bottom of the trench

water flows down hill through rocks. Fabric filters out sediment. Water fills up bottom of trench, enters hole through sides of the pipes.


TIRES


TYRES

The walls of the rammed-earth tire house are constructed by stocking tires on top of each other in a running bond type pattern (each row off 1/2 are from the one above and below)


THE METHOD

Wall framing using automobile tires

Soil is then shoveled into the tire and compacted by repeated blows with a sledge hammer. Once packed with dirt, the tire walls bulge, interlocking with the tire row below.


1. Fill in sand into tire

2. Arrange tires side by side

3. Repeat first step for each tire, and stack up the tires

3. Decorate and it is ready to be plant and seated.

Illustration of option 1


1. Fill in sand into tire and arrange side 2. Stack up the tires. by side.

3. Decorate and fill with plants

Illustration of option 2

4. Continue to stack as seating area. Repeat Step 1 to 3 after complete stacking seating area.


TIRE EXPERIMENTS


ADDITIONAL DESIGNS


“THE PITCH” MULTI-SPORT POSSIBILITY FULL-LENGTH + HALF-COURT Other Activities: Event space, Assembly


Top: Multiple sports is combined into one court

Bottom: Dimension of the courts


CONCRETE ALTERNATIVE Advantages: + excellent adaptation to complex shapes, + quick installation and low maintenance, + resistance to wear and tear, + wide choice of colors and surface appearances. Disadvantages: - material has to be adapted for sports area for children to provide a surface that is not slippery and not to sharp - availability and costs ?? in Haiti


“MUSIC BOX” EXTENSION OF THE CONTAINER Can be installed both inside the cointainer and outside Other functions: storage, separation (school and dorms)


BOX 2 Slides out of pipes, climbing nets


“HERB GARDEN”


“RETHINKING WALLS” Walls made by upcycled glass bottles to add some colors, and perforated with holes of different shapes and sizes to allow dialogue between both sides of the wall instead of it being used only to divide areas.


“DRAGON’S TAIL” The dragon’s tail is made up of mounds with different integrated play spaces behind, through and above its surfaces. Earthbags and tyres techniques shall be used to develop the mounds.


TEAM:


LECTURER

Beeke Bartelt Team in picture

Antoaneta Ivanova Aza Sarhang Borna Zeljko Chng Chin Wei Dylan Deguzman Goh Chin Zhi Koay Chiang Teik Oded Gershuny Prana Shrestha Rami Ali Reety Lachhman Rumi Singh Maharjan Other team members

Daryl Venpin Dikchya Pandey Julia Roder Peko Galeski Polina Moskalenko Rajni Singh Shermayn Lee Xiao Hui Nurani Pertiwi

Contact

Hochschule Anhalt - DIA Bauhausstraße 5 06846 Dessau-Roßlau Germany beeke.bartelt@hs-anhalt.de

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