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Ph.: 9266990078, 9717580686

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

E-mail : bedharaknews@gmail.com

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laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.10, ,drk xyh ua0&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob. :

9266990078 , 9717580686

E-mail: bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog : bedharaknews.blogspot.com

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

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*

/kfeZd ifjorZu gq, gSaA oSfnd /eZ czkã.k /eZ esa cnyk vkSj czkã.k /eZ fgUnw /eZ esa cnykA ckS¼ /eZ dk vkfoHkkZo czkã.k /eZ ds le; gqvk] D;ksafd ckS¼ /eZ dk mn; mruk gh egRoiw.kZ Fkk] ftruh dh izQkal ds fy;s izQkal dh egkØkafrA oSfnd f'k{kk ij vkpj.k djuk lgt gSaA oSfndksa dh iz/ku iwtk gS ;K djuk vkSj ;Kksa esa i'kq cfy nsus dk izko/ku Fkk] D;ksafd ml le; Ñf"k ;qx Fkk vkSj vk;ks± ds fy;s 'kks/ u gh Js"B /u FkkA cfy izFkk ds dkj.k oSfnd /eZ fgalk dks izksRlkgu nsus okyk gks x;k vkSj dgk x;k ^oSfndh fgalk&fgalk u Hkofr* vFkkZr~ oSfnd ;Kksa ds fy;s gksus okyh fgalk&fgalk ughaA


;Kksa esa i'kqcfy dk [kqysvke izpkj gksus yxk ftuds ekal [kk| Fks vkSj ;K djkus okys iqjksfgrksa dh efgek c<+h vkSj czkã.kokn dk mn; gqvkA bl czkã.kokn us lekt dks pkj Hkkxksa esa o.kks± esa foHkDr dj fn;kA czkã.k] {kf=k;] oS'; ,oa 'kwæA o.kZ LFkkiuk djds lekt dks fo"k; cukuk gh czkã.kokn dk mn~ns'; Fkk D;ksafd blds fcuk czkã.k&izHkqRo LFkkfir djuk vlaHko FkkA czkã.kksa us viuh Js"Brk LFkkfir djus ds fy;s dqN ,sls osn ea=kksa dh jpuk dh ftUgsa lqudj os dgus yxs czkã.k czãk ds eq[k ls fudys gSaA {kf=k; Hkqtkvksa ls] oS'; m: (mnj) ls 'kwæ iSjksa ls iSnk gq, gSaA blfy;s czkã.k Js"B vkSj lc o.kks± dk iwT; xq: gSaA fdUrq Hkxoku cq¼ us bldk [kaMu fd;kA Hkxoku us dgk tSls lc euq"; iSnk gksrs gSa mlh rjg czkã.k iSnk gksrs gSaA rc czkã.k dSls dg ldrs gSa fd os czãk ds eq[k ls fudys vkSj 'kwæ iSjksa ls mRiUu gq,\ tUe ls u dksbZ c`iy ('kwæ) gksrk gS u czkã.kA euq"; deZ ls gh czzkã.k gks ldrk gS vkSj deZ ls gh 'kwæA blls vkxs Hkxoku cq¼ us dgk&/eZ ogh gks ldrk gS tks ekuo&ek=k ds fy;s dY;k.kdkjh gSaA ftlesa ekuo ek=k ds fy;s mUufr ,oa fodkl ds }kj mUeqDr gksa vkSj HksnHkko u gksdj ekuoh lerk gksA ftl /eZ dk ewy fl¼kUr ekuo lekt esa Hksn iSnk djuk gSaA mls ln~/HkZ ugha dgk tk ldrkA czkã.k /eZ us ekuo lekt esa Hksn mRiUu fd;kA mlus fL=k;ksa ,oa 'kwæksa ds lkFk cgqr gh rqPNrk dk O;ogkj djuk fl[kk;kA Hkxoku cq¼ ds /eZ dk iz/ku y{k.k ekuo lerk gSaA mlesa izR;sd dks viuh cqf¼ ls lksp&fopkj dj fdlh ckr dks Lohdkj ;k vLohdkj djus dk mins'k dk gSa fgalk dk ewyksPNsnu vkSj vfgalk dk izpkj mldk ,d eq[; vax gSaA fdlh tho dks nsork ds uke ij mRlxZ djuk vFkok mlds vkxs guu djds ;g dguk fd bls LoxZ fey x;k ,slk ckS¼ / eZ us ugha fl[kk;kA rFkkxr cq¼ us dkykeksa dks tks mins'k fn;k mls Lora=k fparu dk ekxZn'kZd ?kks"k.kk i=k dgk tkrk gSaA rFkkxr cq¼ us dgk] gs dkykeksa& 1- fdlh ckr dks blfy;s er ekuks fd mls rqeus Lo;a vius dkuksa ls lquk gSaA

2- fdlh ckr dks blfy;s Hkh er ekuks fd ;g ckr ijEijk ls pyh vk jgh gSaA 3- fdlh ckr dks blfy;s Hkh er ekuks fd ,slk gh djrs vk;s gSaA 4- blfy;s Hkh fdlh ckr dks er ekuks fd og /eZ xzaFkksa ds vuqdwy gSA 5- blfy;s Hkh er ekuks fd og rdZlaxr gSA 6- fdlh ckr dks blfy;s Hkh er ekuks fd og U;k;laxr gSaA 7- vkdkj&izdkj esa lqanj gksus ds dkj.k Hkh fdlh ckr dks er ekuksA 8- vkidks ilan gS] blfy;s fdlh ckr dks er ekuksA 9- ;g ckr fdlh vkd"kZd O;fDr us dgh gS blfy;s Hkh mls er ekuksA 10- ckS¼ ;k tSu fHkD[kq gekjs iwT; gS ;g ckr mUgksaus dgh gS og lkspdj Hkh mls er ekuukA fdlh ckr dks lquks] vkSj ml ij fopkj djksA tc Lo;a ;g tku yks fd ;s ckrsa vdq'ky gSa vFkkZr~ cqjh gSa] ;s ckras nks"k okyh gSa ;s ckrsa tkudkjksa }kjk fuafnr gSaA ;s ckrsa xzg.k djus ij vfgrdj gSa vkSj nq[knk;h gSa rks rqe yksx NksM+ nksA gs dkyeks! tc rqe Lo;a tku yks fd ;s ckrsa dY;k.kdkjh gSaA nks"k jfgr gSa] foK iq:"kksa }kjk ,oa lq[kdj gksrh gSaA rks rqe yksx mUgsa xzg.k djks vkSj lq[k le`f¼ dk thou;kiu djksA bl izdkj Hkxoku cq¼ us dkykeksa dks Lo;a dj.kh;&vdj.kh; dk fu.kZ; djus dk mins'k fn;k] rkfd os fdlh ds cgdkos vkSj feF;kMEcj esa u iQal ldsaA os lc brus izHkkfor gq, fd iwjs jkT; ds yksx Hkxoku cq¼ ds vuq;k;h gks x,A laHkor;k ;s rdZ ckck lkgsc ds vUr'k dks izHkkfor dj x;s gksaA ,slk Lora=k fparu fgUnw /eZ esa ns[kus dks ugha feyrkA ckS¼ /eZ dk vkfoHkkZo vFkok izQkal dh egkØkafr nksuksa ;qxkUrdkjh egRoiw.kZ ?kVuk,a gSaA ckS¼ /eZ ds izknqHkkZo ls igys ;g lkspuk Hkh laHko ugha Fkk fd 'kwæ Hkh jktk gks ldrk gSa] fdUrq Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds Kkrk tkurs gSa fd ckS¼ /eZ ds vH;qn; ds ckn 'kwæksa dks Hkh jkT; flagklu ij vklhu gksus dk volj izkIr gqvk vkSj ns'k esa le&lkekftd fLFkfr mRiUu gqbZA x.kra=k 'kklu iz.kkyh Hkh ckS¼s

dky dh gh nsu gSA vc iz'u mBrk gS fd tks /eZ bruk Js"B Fkk vkSj tks bruk iQSyk gqvk Fkk mldk Hkkjr ls iru dSls gks x;kA bl iz'u ds vusdksa mÙkj gSaA fo"k;kUrj ds dkj.k bl ij ppkZ ugha djuk pkgawxkA ^dkykUrj* eas czkã.k izPNu ckS¼ ^cudj ckS¼ /eZ dk mPNsn djus esa yx x, vkSj iqu% czkã.k iqjksfgrksa us viuk opZLo LFkkfir dj fy;kA LokFkZ ds fy;s fl¼kUr Hkh cny x,A /hjs&/hjs czkã.kokn fiQj ls tksj idM+us yxk tks fd ckS¼ /eZ ds Hkkjr ls iru gksus dk ,d dkj.k cu x;kA czkã.kh 'kklukf/dkj dh ,d cgqr cM+h ?kVuk ekS;Z lkezkT; FkkA czkã.k lkezkT; esa ifjorZu gksuk gS ftls bfrgklosÙkkvksa us egRo ugha fn;kA oLrqr% ;g Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dh cgqr cM+h ?kVuk gSaA T;ksa&T;ksa czkã.kh lkezkT; dh uhao iq[rk gqbZ R;ksa&R;ksa feF;k] vkM+Ecjksa] :f<+oknh laLdkjksa ,oa vfo|k dks tUe nsuk 'kq: dj fn;k iaMs&iqjksfgrksa dk o.kZ iSnk gks x;k ftlus euq dh pkrq;Z o.kZ O;oLFkk dks iks"kus esa viuk Hkjiwj lg;ksx fn;kA {kf=k;ksa ,oa oS';ksa rd ls feydj 'kwæksa ij vusdkussd mRihM+u gksuk 'kq: gks x;kA 'kkL=k ,oa 'kkL=kksa ls oafpr dj xkao ds ,d Nksj ij jgus dks etcwj ,oa foo'k dj fn;k x;kA tkuojksa ls cnrj lywd 'kwæksa ds lkFk gksus xyk ftlds mnkgj.k euqLe`fr esa feyrs gSaA 'kL=k] 'kklu 'kkL=k ls oafpr djus ds u;s&u;s miØe LFkkfir djrs jgs ftlls czkã.k dh loZJs"Brk ij u vkap vk;sA Je.k ijEijk ds vusdksa lar&egkRek vk, tks /kfeZd@jktuhfrd mRihM+u dj f'kdkj gksrs jgsA ijUrq czkã.kh O;oLFkk dh pwy u fgyk lds 20 oha lnh esa ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj us vusdksa ;kruk,a >syhaA mu ?kVukvksa dksk i<+us Lej.k ek=k ls vka[ksa ue gks tkrh gSaA fdruk n;uh; nk:f.kd thou th;k Fkk nfyrksa ds elhgk usA lu~ 1907 esa eSfVªd dh ijh{kk mÙkh.kZ djus okys Nk=kksa eas Hkhejko vEcsMdj izFke nfyr (egkj) FksA cEcbZ ds nfyrksa us muds lEeku esa ,d lekjksg vk;ksftr fd;k FkkA bl volj ij muds izFke f'k{kd JhÑ".k dsyqLdj Hkh mifLFkr gq, ftUgksaus Hkhejko vEcsMdj dks ,d cq¼ pfjr uked iqLrd HksaV dhA ckck lkgsc dk ckS¼ /Ee ds izfr yxko ,oa vkLFkk iSnk gksus yxhA

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

7


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

8

;ksa rks vEcsMdj dk thou lkekftd o jktuhfrd lekurk ds fy;s la?k"kks± dh ?kVukvksa ls Hkjk iM+k gSA ijUrq ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj dh nks izeq[k ?kVukvksa us vR;Ur izHkkfor fd;kA 1- egkM+ rkykc ls ikuh ihus esa izos'k dh ?kVuk lu~ 1927 bZloh esa ?kVhA 2- ukfld ds dkykjke eafnj eas izos'k dh ?kVuk lu~ 1930 bZlohaA dqÙks&fcYyh tkuoj rd rkykc ls ikuh ih ldrs Fks exj vNwr oxZ ds yksx ikuh ihus ls oafpr jgrs FksA vNwr dgs tkus okys oxZ dks ukjdh; thou thus dks foo'k dj fn;k x;k FkkA bl ?kVuk dks ns[k ckck lkgsc dk Þn; æfor gks mBk vkSj blds fo:¼ vkUnksyu NsM+k vusdksa tku&eky dk uqdlku Hkh gqvk vkSj Lo;a ckck lkgsc Hkh pksfVy gq;sA nwljh ?kVuk dkykjke eafnj izos'k dh ?kVuk gSaA ftu ewfrZ;ksa dks nfyr f'kYi x<+&x<+dj rS;kj djrs Fks ogh izfrLFkkiuk ds ckn mUgsa Nw rd ugha ldrs FksA ftu eafnjksa dk fuekZ.k nfyr jkt feL=kh djrs Fks mUgsa gh eafnj izos'k ls oafpr j[kk tkrk FkkA dSlh lkekftd fo"kerk FkhA nfyrksa ds lkFk i'kqvksa ls Hkh cnrj vekuoh; O;ogkj gksrk FkkA bu nks ?kVukvksa ls ckck lkgsc dk vUr'k% VwV pyk FkkA mudh laosnuk,a xgjs rd >qyl pyh Fkha vkSj mUgsa brus xgjh Bsl igqaph fd ukfld ftys ds ^;soyk* xkao dh ,d lHkk esa mUgksaus ;g ?kks"k.kk dj nh fd] ^^eSa nqHkkZX; ls fgUnw vNwr iSnk gqvkA ;g esjs cl dh ckr ugha FkhA ysfdu fgUnw&jgdj e:axk ugha ;g esjs cl dh ckr gSaA bu nks lkekftd mRihM+u dks ns[k ckck lkgsc ds eu esa f[kUurk iSnk gks xbZA vNwr oxZ ds yksxksa dks brus ukjdh; thou thus dks etcwj ;gka ds euqokfn;ksa us dj j[kk Fkk vkSj tks dksbZ bldh vogsyuk djrk mudk izR;sd Lo;a ij mRihM+u gksrkA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us fczfV'k 'kklu eas bu ?kVukvksa ds fo:¼ vkokt mBkbZ bl izdkj MkW- vEcsMdj vNwrksa ds m¼kj ds fy;s ,d ekuoh; /eZ dh [kkst esa tqV x,A mUgksaus vusdksa /eks± dk rqyukRed vè;;u fd;k ftuesa ckS¼ /eZ] bZlkbZ /eZ] bLyke / eZ ,oa flD[k /eZ fo'ks"kdj FksA mijksDr /eks± dk vè;;u ,oa euu dus ij MkW- vEcsMdj bl fu"d"kZ ij igqaps fd

vNwr lekt dks ,d ,sls ekxZ dh vko';drk gS ftlesa Lora=k fparu ,oa lerkoknh n`f"Vdks.k ds lkFk fuEufyf[kr ckrksa ij [kjk mrjsA 1- /eZ uSfrdrk ij vk/kfjr gks rFkk dkuwu dh ifjf/ ds vUrxZr gks] D;ksafd vlekftd rÙoksa dks fu;a=k.k esa j[kuk dkuwu dk dk;Z gSa] ysfdu cgqla[;d yksx lkEiznkf;d thou uSfrd fl¼kUrksa ds vk/kj ij pykrs gSaA vr% /eZ dks uSfrdrk ds :i esa lekt ds 'kklu dk izeq[k fl¼kUr gksuk pkfg,A 2- /eZ oSKkfud gksuk pkfg, vFkkZr~ /eZ euq"; ds mQij Fkksik ugha tkuk pkfg,] og vè;;u Lo:i /eZ dks viuh cqf¼ dh dlkSVh ls Lo;a Lohdkj djsaA 3- /eZ dks Lora=krk lekurk vkSj HkkbZpkjs ds fl¼kUrksa dk ikyu djuk pkfg,A bl izeq[k fl¼kUrksa ds vHkko esa /eZ lekt ds fy;s vuqi;ksxh fl¼ gksxkA 4- /eZ }kjk xjhcksa dh voLFkk dks ifo=krk dk ntkZ ugha fn;k tkuk pkfg,A xjhch dks 'kqHk ekuuk /eZ dks Hkz"V djus ds leku gSaA cqjkbZ rFkk vijk/ dks c<+kok nsuk gS vkSj bl lalkj dks udZ ds leku cukuk gSaA Hkxoku cq¼ dks nfjærk ukilan Fkh vkSj Lo;a ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj dk ekuuk Fkk fd xjhch ,d vfHk'kki gS blesa NqVdkjk ik;k vFkkZr~ bldk mUewyu djuk gj O;fDr dk eq[; drZO; gksuk pkfg,A fofHkUu /eks± dk rqyukRed vè;;u djus dks ckn dsoy ckS¼ /eZ gh mudh n`f"V esa ,slk /eZ jgk tks mijksDr dlkSfV;ksa ij [kjk mrjrk gSa] D;ksafd fgUnw /eZ esa o.kZ&O;oLFkk] deZdk.M] va/fo'okl vkSj NqvkNwr dk cksyokyk FkkA bZlkbZ ,oa bLyke /eZ ds uke ij /eZ ;q¼ gq;s FksA ekuo lagkj gqvk FkkA vkt Hkh dqN bLykfed dV~VjiaFkh ftgkn ds uke ij vkradoknh xfrfof/;ksa esa fyIr gSaA tku&eky ij vk;s fnu geyk gksrk jgrk gSA orZeku lanHkZ esa fo'o 'kkfUr ds fy;s ckS¼ / eZ gh izklafxd gS] D;ksafd bZlkbZ;r ,oa bLykfed /eZ ekuorkoknh fl¼kUr dh iwfrZ ugha djrs FksA MkW- vEcsMdj ,d ,sls lkoZHkkSfed /eZ dh [kkst esa Fks tks ^^lCcs lÙkk lq[kh gksUrq** o ^olq/So dqVqEcde~** dh uhao ij vk/kfjr gks ftldk mn~ns'; Lora=krk] lekurk] ca/qRo o lkekftd U;k; gks rFkk tks izKk] d:.kk o 'khyksa dh izfr"Bk

djrk gks rFkk ekuorkoknh fl¼kUrksa dh iwfrZ djrk gksA ckck lkgsc ,d ,sls /eZ dh ryk'k esa Fks ftldh tM+sa fo'kq¼ Hkkjrh; gksa ftuesa mijksDr ckrksa dh iwfrZ gksrh gksA og leLr cqfu;knh rÙo mUgas ek=k ckS¼ /eZ esa gh O;ogkfjd :i ls ns[kus dks feys vkSj mudk >qdko ,oa yxko ckS¼ /eZ ds izfr c<+rk x;kA gkykafd dqN cqf¼thfo;ksa dh ekU;rk,sa gSa fd rFkkxr cq¼ ds ckn eè;dkyhu Hkkjr esa dqN ukephu lar&egkRek gq, tks lekt ds fuEu oxZ ls lacaf/r Fks vkSj mUgksaus nfyr foeqfDr dh nqnaqHkh ctk;hA bueas dchj] jfonkl] pks[kkey] rqdjke vkfn dk uke fo'ks"kr;k fy;k tk ldrk gSaA ijUrq budh ok.kh lkekftd 'kks"k.k dks usLrukcwn djus esa liQy ugha gks ldhA budh vliQyrkvksa ij ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us viuh vkØks'k iw.kZ 'kSyh esa iSuh fVIi.kh dh vkSj dgk& tgka rd esjk vè;;u gS] fdlh Hkh lar egkRek us tkfr&ikafr vkSj NqvkNwr ds fo:¼ dksbZ lkekftd vfHk;ku ugha pyk;kA ekuo&ekuo ds chp ?kfVr gksus okys la?k"kZ ls ;s lar&egkRek fpafrr ugha FksA os euq"; vkSj bZ'oj ds chp laca/ ds fy;s gh fpafrr Fks mUgksaus ;g f'k{kk dHkh ugha nh fd lHkh euq"; lekt esa cjkcj gSaA bu lHkh larksa dh ok.kh vkSj mins'k bl ckr ij tksj nsrh jgh fd bZ'oj dh n`f"V esa lHkh izk.kh leku gSaA ;gh /kj.kk gS fd egkjk"Vª ds nfyr lar pkS[kkesyk dks foV~By eafnj ds }kj ds ckgj Hkh Hktu xkus ds vijk/ esa cSyxkM+h ls cka/ dj iksaxkiafMrksa }kjk csjgeh ds lkFk ?klhVk x;kA ;gh ugha ckck lkgsc Lo;a f'kf{kr fo}ku gksrs gq;s Hkh bu ik[kafM;ksa ds Lo;a f'kdkj cusA nÝrj esa iQkbyksa dks nwj ls iQSaduk] ikjlh }kjk fdjk;s ds edku ls lkeku ckgj iQSad nsuk] dkBekaMq ds i'kqifr ukFk eafnj esa vNwrksa dks izos'k u djus nsuk vkfn izeq[k ?kVuk;sa gSaA oSls rks nfyr eqfDr ds fy;s le;&le; ij vusdksa euhf"k;ksa us vkanksyu pyk;s] ijUrq fdlh vkUnksyu dks f'kn~nr ls pykus okys iw.kZr% lefiZr uke rks ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj dk gh gSaA ftUgksaus pkrqoZ.k O;oLFkk ls ihfM+r ,oa izHkkfor gksus ds lkFk


vius lekt ds djksM+&djksM+ ewd] cf/j cus yksxksa dk nq[k&nnZ vius dysts ls yxk 'kgj rd vuqHkwr fd;kA vkSj mudh tM+ksa ij izgkj djus dk ikou fpr cuk;kA vkSj nfyrksa dks mudh okLrfod fLFkfr dk lkekftd cks/ djk;kA mUgksaus oSKkfud n`f"V ls mldk vè;;u fd;k vkSj ;g crk;k fd fgUnw lekt dh jpuk ,d Js.khc¼ O;oLFkk gSA bl f?kukSuh O;oLFkk esa fdlh dks viuh thfodk Lo;a pquus dh Lora=krk vFkkZr~ vktknh ugha FkhA ;gka igys ls gh Js.khc¼ rjhds ls izR;sd o.kZ ds fy;s dk;Z iwoZ ls fu/kZfjr dj j[ks FksA fdruh ?kkrd lkekftd O;oLFkk Fkh ftldh Vhl mUgsa xgjs rd lkyrh jgh vkSj dgk] ^^fgUnw /eZ esjh cqf¼ dks tkaprk ugha] LokfHkeku dks Hkkrk ughaA euq"; /eZ ds fy;s ugha cfYd /eZ euq"; ds fy;s gSaA tks /eZ rqEgkjh euq";rk dk dqN Hkh ewY; ugha ekurk] ml /eZ esa rqe D;ksa jgrs gks\ tks /eZ rqEgsa eafnj esa ugha tkus nsrk] ml /eZ ls rqe D;ksa fpids jgrs gks\ tks /eZ rqEgsa ikuh rd feyus ugha nsrk ml /eZ esa rqe D;ksa jgrs gks\ tks / eZ rqEgsa f'k{kk izkIr djus ugha nsrk] ml /eZ esa rqe D;ksa jgrs gks\ tks /eZ rqEgkjh ukSdjh esa ck/d curk gS ml /eZ esa rqe D;ksa jgrs gks\ tks /eZ rqEgsa ckr&ckr esa viekfur djrk gS ml /eZ esa rqe D;ksa jgrs gks\ mijksDr ckrksa ,oa ?kVukvksa ls ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj Lo;a mRihfM+r ,oa izHkkfor gq,] blhfy;s vius ledkyhu le; esa og Lo;a ekufld :i ls mijksDr ckrksa ls muesa ,oa vius lekt dks Hkh mHkkjus ds fy;s lrr~ la?k"kZ djrs jgs vkSj nfyrksa] vNwrksa dks vius iwoZtksa dk ,sfrgkfld Kku Hkh djkrs jgsA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us viuh iqLrdksa ^^('kwæ dkSu Fks\) vkSj (vNwr dkSu vkSj dSls\) dh jpuk djrs le; bfrgkl dk xgu vè;;u djus ij ;g fu"d"kZ fudkyk fd vkt ds vUR;t vNwr dgs tkus okys yksxksa us fgUnw /eZ dks pqukSrh nh Fkh rFkk osnksa o czkã.kksa dh Js"Brk dks Lohdkj ugha fd;k FkkA yEcs le; rd pys ;q¼ esa czkã.k fot;h gq, vkSj mUgksaus ckxh ,oa LokfHkekuh ckS¼ksa dk lkekftd cfg"dkj fd;k rFkk mUgsa thou dh leLr lqfo/kvksa ls oafpr dj fn;kA bl izdkj gekjs iwoZtksa dks i'kq ls Hkh cnrj thou thus ij etcwj dj fn;k FkkA

vr% ckck lkgsc us ckS¼ /eZ viukdj /eZ ifjorZu ugha fd;k cfYd vNwrksa dks mudk ,sfrgkfld Kku djkdj vius iwoZtksa dk djksM+ksa&djksM+ksa yksxksa dks /eZ fn;kA fo'o esa vusdksa lkekftd Økafr;ka gqbZ exj nfyrksa ij gksus okys tqYe vekuqf"kd vR;kpkjksa ij fdlh us [kqydj ppkZ D;ksa ugha dh bl tfVy iz'uksa dk mÙkj Lo;a ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us fn;k vkSj dgk& ^^tc rd tkfr&izFkk rFkk o.kZ Hksn dks iksf"kr djus okyh lukru fgUnw oSpkfjdh dk vUr ugha gksrk rc rd ;gka fdlh Hkh izdkj dh Økafr dk liQy gksuk vlaHko gSaA** MkW- vEcsMdj bl ijEijkxr 'kks"k.k vkSj mRihM+r ls Lo;a eqDr gks lekt dks Hkh eqDr djkuk pkgrs FksA bl leL;k dk mUgksaus lkekftd oSKkfud dh n`f"V ls xgjk fparu fd;k vkSj dgk&^^nfyrksa dh n;uh; fLFkfr dksbZ vkdfLed vFkok bZ'ojh; ?kVuk ugha] ;g ,d lksph] le>h lkft'k gSA og tku pqds Fks fd bl mRihM+u dk mUewyu laHko gSA blds mik; ds lw=k gSaA mUgksaus f'kf{kr cuks] la?k"kZ djks] laxfBr jgksA blh ij mUgksaus ^vf/d cy fn;k vkSj /ekZUrj.k vFkok / eZ dh nh{kk dks Lo;a ds fy;s vFkok nfyrksa ds mUu;u ds fy;s vfUre lkSiku ekuk D;ksafd Hkxoku cq¼ dk /eZ iw.kZr;k uSfrdrk ij vk/kfjr gSA ;gka vkRek vkSj bZ'oj tSlh fdlh lÙkk dk Hkh dksbZ vfLrRo ugha gS] D;ksafd fgUnw /eZ ds deZdk.Mksa us euq";ksa dks vfo|k esa iQalk;s j[kk ^ifj.kkeLo:i fuEu oxZ ds yksxksa us :f<+oknh laLdkjksa dks viuk xguk eku nfyr eqfDr dk ekxZ eku fy;k ftlls lfn;ksa rd nkLrk dh tathjksa ls tdM+k jgk vkSj f'k{kk ,oa volj ds vHkko esa nfjærk dk vfHk'kki Hkksxrk jgk vkSj bZ'oj izkfIr dk ekxZ [kkstus eas gh yxk jgkA rFkkdfFkr oxZ buds vKku dk Hkjiwj ykHk mBkrk jgkA ckS¼ /eZ iw.kZr;k oSKkfud ;gka lkekftd lekurk dks egRo fn;k x;k gS u fd deZdk.Mksa dksA ;g lc tkap&ij[kdj gh ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us dgk&^^tgka rd eSa tkurk gwa ^dsoy Hkxoku cq¼ dk / eZ gh fo'o esa ,d ek=k ,slk /eZ gSa] tks okLrfod /eZ dk lHkh vgZrkvksa dh iwfrZ djrk gSA mudh f'k{kk;sa izkphu gksrh gqbZ Hkh ubZ gSaA buesa Lora=krk] lekurk vkSj HkkbZpkjs ij cy fn;k x;k gSA ckS¼ /eZ esa dsoy

iq:"kksa ds chp gh lekurk dh ckr ugha cfYd fL=k;ksa dks Hkh iq:"kksa ds leku ekuk x;k gSA ;gka fparu esa ,slh ckrsa gSa ftudk vU; /eks± esa vHkko gSaA** lu~ 1935 esa viuh ,sfrgkfld fgUnw /eZ NksM+us dh ?kks"k.kk ds ckn mUgksaus fujUrj 21 o"kks± rd lHkh /eks± dk xgjkbZ ls vè;;u euu dj mijksDr ckrksa dks tkukA Hkxoku rFkkxr cq¼ ls Bhd 2500 o"kZ ckn ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj dks r:.k ckS¼ lfefr] dksyEcks }kjk vk;ksftr fo'o ckS¼ Hkzkr`Ro lEesyu esa 6 twu] 1950 dks tkus dk volj feyk vkSj viuk O;k[;ku fn;kA fo'o Lrjh; lEesyu esa viuk /eZ ds izfr Li"V :[k j[kkA nqfu;k ds ckS¼ksa dh utj vc mu ij iM+hA ;gka eSa ,d ?kVuk dk mYys[k djuk pkgwaxk fdlh cekZ ds lar vjgr~ iq:"k us dgk Hkxoku cq¼ ds /eZ dk Madk fiQj Hkkjr esa ctsxk vkSj fiQj laiw.kZ fo'o ,d ckj ckS¼e; cusxkA tks /eZ Hkkjr ls yqIr gqvk] og iqu% iQys&iQwyxkA nwljh ckr lu~ 1954 esa cekZ dh jkt/kuh esa jaxwu ls 7 ehy nwj dok;sa uked LFkku esa fo'o /eZ Hkzkr`Ro lEesyu dk rqrh; vf/ os'ku gqvk tks Hkxoku cq¼ ds ckn NBh laxfr FkhA bl laxfr FkhA bl laxfr vFkkZr~ lEesyu esa ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj liRuhd lfEefyr gq,A ftl le; ckck lkgsc lEesyu eap ij Hkk"k.k ds fy;s vk, rks lkjk Hkou 'kkar fuLrC/ gks mRlqd Hkko ls mudh vkSj ns[kus yxkA ckck lkgsc ml 'kkfUr dks Hkax djrs gq;s cksys& iwT; fHk{kq la?k rFkk esjs HkkbZ;ksa vkSj cguksa] eq>s ;g dgrs gq, [ksn gks jgk gS fd eSa ml ns'k ds izfrfuf/ dh gSfl;y ls bl fo'o ckS¼ lEesyu ds eap ij [kM+k gqvk gwa tks vkt ckS¼ ugha gS] fdUrq iwoZ esa ckS¼ Fks ftUgksaus nqfu;k dks fn'kk nhA bruk dgrs gq;s ckck lkgsc dk daB xnxn gks x;k vkSj vka[kksa esa vklwa Hkj vk, vkSj FkksM+h nsj ds fy;s og pqi gks x;sA Hkkokos'k de gksus ij :eky ls mUgksaus viuh vka[ksa ikSaNh vkSj iqu% Hkk"k.k vkjaHk fd;kA ;fn euq"; dks viuk thou lq[kh cukuk gS] rks mls lnkpkj lerk vkSj ca/qRo dk voyEcu djuk pkfg,A bls NksM+ vU; dksbZ

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

10

ekxZ ugha gSA ckS¼ /eZ esa ;gh ckras fo'ks"k :i ls crykbZ xbZ gSa] eSaus bUgha f'k{kkvksa dks vius 6 djksM+ vuq;kf;;ksa dks cryk;k gSaA eq>s cM+s nq[k ds lkFk dguk iM+rk gS ftl ns'k esa Hkxoku xkSre cq¼ dk tUe gqvk] mlh ns'k esa muds /eZ dk uke èoLr gks x;kA ,slh fofp=k ?kVuk D;ksa gqbZ\ Hkkjr ij czkã.kksa us viuk cgqr o"kks± rd izHkqRo tek;s j[kk gSa] ijUrq eSa czkã.kksa dks pqukSrh nsrk gwa fd dksbZ Hkh fo}ku iafMr eq>ls ckS¼ /eZ ds eghu ls eghu rÙo Kku ij ppkZ dj dlrk gS] eSa mls ijkLr djs fcuk ugha jgwaxkA fdruk n`<+ ladYi fy;s Fkk mudk ikou euA fdrus xgjs rd /eZ ds rÙoksa dks vuqHkwr fd;k gksxkA lk/uk dk ykHk gqvk rks eSa Hkkjr esa ckS¼ /eZ dk tksjnkj izpkj d:axkA 1- yksdlHkk esa jgrs gq, ckS¼ /eZ ds iquq:RFkku ds fy;s dqN ckrsa dhaaA Hkkjr ds lafo/ku fuekZrk ds ukrs mUgksaus ikfy Hkk"kk dks LFkku fn;kA 2- jk"Vªifr Hkou esa Hkxoku cq¼ ds 'kklu dk izFke vkns'k /eZpØ izorZu LFkkfir djk;kA 3- v'kksd pØ dks Hkkjr ds èot ij rFkk jkteqæk esa LohÑr djk;kA 4- fl¼kFkZ dkyst dh LFkkiuk cEcbZ esa dhA 5- vkSjaxkckn esa fefyUn dkyst dh LFkkiuk dhA 6- tks Nk=k cq¼ pfj=k ij loksZÙke ys[k fy[ksxk mls 1000@ dk iqjLdkj fn;k tk;sxkA ,slk djus dks mudk ek=k mn~ns'; Fkk fo|kFkhZ ckS¼ /eZ dk xaHkhj vè;;u djus esa tqVsA bl rjg Lor% gh ckS¼ dk izpkj gksxkA 7- cq¼ fogkj LFkkfir djus dh ;kstuk ij foLrkj ls oDrO; fn;kA ckck lkgsc dh ekU;rk Fkh fd Hkkjr esa ckS¼ /eZ dh tM+sa vHkh lw[kh ugha gSa] D;ksafd ckS¼ /eZ fo'kq¼ Hkkjrh; /eZ gS] vkSj Hkkjr dk vukfn lukru /eZ gSaA ;g lc dk;Z ckck lkgsc us /ekZUrj.k ls iwoZ esa fd;s blls Li"V tkfgj gksrk gS ckS¼ /eZ dh iqu% LFkkiuk ds fy;s muds eu esa ,d fo'kky liuk jgk gksxk] ftlds fy;s og i`"B Hkwfe rS;kj dj jgs Fks] vkSj liQyrk muds dne pwe jgh Fkh tcfd LokLF;

yxkrkj fcxM+rk tk jgk FkkA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us Hkxoku cq¼ dh 2001 oha t;Urh fnYyh esa igyh ckj fo'kky Lrj ij eukbZA ;gka ls f}rh; cq¼ 'kklu dk izfr LFkkiu dk ikou volj MkWvEcsMdj ds gkFkksa yxkA lu~ 1935 esa ;soyk dh lHkk esa fn;k x;k oDrO; 14 vDVwcj] 1956 dks ukxiqj esa iw.kZ gqvkA egkLFkkfoj vkpk;Z paæef.k ds lkfUuè; esa cq¼ /eZ dks liRuhd xzg.k fd;k vkSj yk[kksa vuq;kf;;ksa dks cq¼ /Ee esa nhf{kr fd;kA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us fo"kerkvksa dh ihM+k dks ftruk >syk mlls vf/d dgha mudk lekt mRihM+u >sy jgk FkkA ;gh dkj.k Fkk MkW- vEcsMdj dk O;fDr fgr lekt dk lexz fgr cu x;kA nfyr mRihfM+r dgs tkus okys djksM+&djksM+ yksxksa ds og elhgk cu x;sA v'kksd fot; n'keh dks /Ee pØ izorZu fnol ds miy{; eas euk, tkus yxkA tc ckck lkgsc us ukxiqj esa ckS¼ /eZ xzg.k fd;k rks mlds nwljs fnu 15&16 vDVwcj] 1956 dks paæiqj] egkjk"Vª esa Hkh mUgksaus yk[kksa yksxksa dks ckS¼ /Ee esa nhf{kr djk;kA mlh fo'kky eap ij 14&15 vDVwcj lu~ 1996 Bhd 40 o"kZ ckn ys[kd dks mlh eap ls fo'kky tulewg dks lacksf/r djus dk xkSjo gkfly gqvkA /U; gS ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ftUgksaus lerk] Lora=krk] ca/qRo ds }kj tuekul ds fy;s [kksysA /ekZUrj.k ds mijkUr vusdksa Vhdk&fVIi.kh gqbZA ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj us lcdk izfr mÙkj fn;kA ge ckS¼ D;ksa cus\ 14 vDVwcj] 1956 dks v'kksd fot; n'keh ds volj ij ukxiqj dh nh{kk Hkwfe eas fn;k x;k Hkk"k.k 'kks/kFkhZ fo|kFkhZ i<+ ldrs gSaA ,d iz'u mBuk LokHkkfod gS] tc ckS¼ /eZ bruk O;ogkfjd gS rks ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj us 22 izfrKk,a D;ksa nha\ tks lekt lfn;ksa ls xyh&lM+h ekU;rkvksa dks viuk xguk le> /kj.k fd;s gq, Fkk vkSj bZ'oj dks eqfDr dk ekxZ le> cSBk Fkk mlls NqVdkjk fnykuk nfyr lekt dks vfr vko';d FkkA oks tkurs Fks izfrLFkkfir gksus okyk f}rh; cq¼ 'kklu czkã.kksa ds "kM~;a=kksa

dk f'kdkj u cusA ;gh dkj.k Fkk nfyr lekt dks 22 izfrKkvksa ds vuqikyu djus o djkus ij tksj fn;kA foLrkj Hk; ls vf/d ppkZ ugha djuk pkgwaxkA vrhr esa o.kZ&O;oLFkk ds pyrs nfyr lekt dh gkyr nklksa vkSj xqykeksa tSlh FkhA mUgsa lkspus vkSj mlds vuqlkj dk;Z djus dh vktknh ugha FkhA fdUrq vkt nfyr lekt vius ckjs esa fu.kZ; ysus vkSj mls dk;Z :i esa ifjorZu djus esa iwjh rjg Lora=k gSA ;fn gekjs iwoZtksa dks ;g Lora=krk gksrh gS rks os vo'; fgUnw /eZ NksM+ nsrsA ekS;Z 'kklu dky esa tc mUgsa Lora=krk feyh rks muesa ls vf/dka'k us ckS¼ /eZ dks Lohdkj dj fy;kA orZeku esa Hkh fgUnw lq/kj ls ijs gSa] fgUnw / eZ esa tc rd tkfr O;oLFkk dk vfLrRo gS rc rd nfyrksa dh leL;k dk dksbZ Hkh fujkdj.k laHko ugha gSA ;fn dksbZ lekt&lq/kjd fgUnw lekt ls tkfr O;oLFkk ds mPNsn dk nkok djrk gS rks og feF;k ,oa xyr /kj.kk gSaA ,slh fLFkfr esa jgs cps yksxksa ds fy;s Lohdkj djuk gh] nfyrksa dh eqfDr dk ,d ek=k ekxZ gSaA ckS¼ /eZ izR;sd O;fDr ds fy;s fodkl dk vuqdwy okrkj.k iSnk djrk gSaA blfy;s nfyr foeqfDr ds fy;s ;g vfr vko';d cu tkrk gSA yksx ckS¼ /eZ ds ckjs esa fofHkUu /kj.kk;sa j[krs gSa] gesa muds ckjs esa T;knk fpafrr ugha gksuk pkfg, cfYd gesa bl ckjs esa vf/d tkx:d gksuk pkfg, fd ge ckS¼ /eZ ds ckjs esa dSlk lksprs gSaA ckS¼ /eZ gekjs thou n'kZu gS] ;g dyk gS] foKku gS] euksfoKku gS vkSj O;fDr dks dkS'ky vkSj Li/kZ Hkh fl[kkrk gSA ;g O;fDr dks LiQwrZ djus okyk ,slk /eZ gS tks vkfn esa dY;k.kdkjh] eè; esa dY;k.kdkjh vkSj vUr eas Hkh dY;k.kdkjh gSA ;g euq"; dks euq"; ds :i esa thuk fl[kkrk gSaA ckS¼ /eZ xzg.k djus ckn mlds vuqlkj thuk vuqdj.kh; gS] iz'kaluh; gSA vkvks ge lc ckck lkgsc }kjk iznÙk /eZ dk oj.k djsa vkSj f}rh; ckS¼ 'kklu ds bl iqutkZxj.k vkanksyu esa viuh Hkkxhnkjh lqfuf'pr djsaA ys[kd nfyr vacsMdjoknh fpard ,oa lkfgR;dkj gSaA


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'khy cksf/

cq¼ ds ;gka ,d ?kks"k.kk jkst gksrh gS] cq¼ fogkj esa tkvksxs fd yksx dgrs feysaxs] ^/ Ee 'kj.ke~ xPNkfe*A eryc dh /Ee dh 'kj.k esa tkrs gSaA /Ee rks nq[k gS] nq[k lukru gS] bruk iqjkuk fd ftruk iqjkuk dqN gks gh ugha ldrkA /Ee miyfC/ ugha gS] /Ee ;k=kk dk fueU=k.k gSA /Ee nq[k ls nq[k ds dkj.kksa dh vksj dh tkuh okyh ;k=kk gSA pkj vk;Z lR;ksa esa ls nwljk vk;Z lR; gS fd nq[k gS rks nq[k dk dkj.k Hkh gS ;kuh ;g ;k=kk nq[k ls nq[k ds dkj.kksa dh vksj gSA blh ;k=kk dk rks fueU=k.k gS] /Ee 'kj.ke~ xPNkfeA cgqr ls yksxksa rd fueU=k.k dk Loj igqapk gS] cgqr ls yksxksa us og fueU=k.k i=k ugha ns[kk gS fd ftls Hkxoku cq¼ ;k=kk vkjEHk djus ds fy, Hkstrs gSaA ;k=kk fueU=k.k dk i=k izrhR;leqRikn dk fu;e gSA okLrfod vFkZ esa tks /Ee 'kj.ke~ xPNkfe vkSj nwljk vk;Z lR; fd nq[k gS rks nq[k dk dkj.k gS dk tks b'kkjk gS] og izrhR;leqRikn dk fu;e gh gSA izrhR;leqRikn dk fu;e dgrk gS fd gj dk;Z dk ,d dkj.k gS] dksbZ dk;Z ,slk ugha gS fd Lora=k gksA dk;Z vius dkj.k ij fuHkZj gSA dkj.k ugha gksxk rks dk;Z Hkh ugha gksxkA nq[k gS rks nq[k dk dkj.k gSA nq[k dk dkj.k ,d [kkstiw.kZ ;k=kk gSA blfy, vks'kks us dgk gS fd cq¼ us mins'k ugha fn;s gSA cq¼ funsZ'k ugha nsrs gSaA os dksbZ migkj ugha nsrs gSaA cq¼ dsoy fueU=k.k nsrs gSA fueU=k.k ;k=kk dk fd vkvks nq[k ls nq[k ds dkj.kksa dh vksj ;k=kk djksA izrhR;leqRikn dk vFkZ gh gS fd dk;Z gS] ,slk tks gks pqdk gS] og vius vki eas Lora=k ugha gSA dksbZ izR;; igys ls ekStwn t:j gS] mlh dk leqfpr mRikn gSA cht gS] rHkh rks isM+ vk;kA dkj.k Fkk rHkh rks nq[k vk;kA dkj.k u gksrk rks nq[k dSls vkrkA Bgjh gqbZ dksbZ pht ugha] gj pht esa ,d ;k=kk gSA ;k=kk xfr dk uke gS] tgka xfr ugha ogka cklhiu gS] vkSj e`R;q ds lans'k gSaA rqe thfor gks rks rqEgkjh ;k=kk xfr dh ;k=kk gSA euq"; dh ihM+k fd nq[k gS] rqEgkjh ihM+k fd nq[k gSA nq[k dks tku ysuk t:j gSA D;k rqeus dHkh lkspk fd nq[k dgka gS vkSj dgka ugha gSA nq[k dgka gS] lkspus dh t:jr

/Ee ;kuh izrhR;leqRikn

gh ugha gSA nq[k ls rks jkst dk okLrk gSA ihM+k ls jkst lkeuk gSA Dys'k rks dHkh Hkh xyk idM+ ysrs gSaA nq[k dks miyfC/ u cukvksA rqEgkjs ikl cq¼ dk fueU=k.k gS u fd /Ee 'kj.ke~ xPNkfeA vkvks vkSj vkdj ns[k yks fd fueU=k.k D;k gSA cq ¼ dk fueU=k.k gS % iz R khR;leq R iknA izrhR;leqRikn dks }kn'kkdkj Hkh dgk tkrk gSA }kn'k ;kuh ckjg ckrsa tks rhu ifjorZ esa caVh gqbZ gSaA gj ifjorZ esa pkj&pkj ckrsa gSaA igyk ifjorZ gS p{kq ftlesa pkj ckrsa gSa ,d%vfo|k] nks%laLdkj] rhu%foKku vkSj pkj uke o :iA nwljk ifjorZ gS Kku blesa Hkh pkj ckrsa gSa] ,d%"kMk;ru] nks%Li'kZ] rhu%osnuk o pkj r`".kkA rhljk ifjorZ gS fo|k cqf¼] bldh pkj ckrsa gSa ,d%miknku] nks%Hko] rhu%tkfr] pkj%tjk&ej.kA ;g yksgs dh 'kkdyksa dh rjg gS] ,d dM+h rksM+ nh rks vkxs dh nq[k Ja[kyk [kRe gqbZA vxj 'kq: esa gh vfo|k dk uk'k gks tk,xk rks os laLdkj iSnk gh ugha gksaxs ftulssa nq[k dk tUe gksrk gSA nq[k ds leqnk; dk mik; gh izRkhR;leqRikn dk fu;e gSA fcuk tkus fd dkj.k D;k gS] fuokj.k dSls laHko gksxkA ,d ckj fiQj lqu fy;k tk,] cq¼ ds ;gka nq[k miyfC/ ugha gS cfYd izd`fr gSA cq¼ us izd`fr dks /Ee dgk gSA ;g izd`fr ?kVukvksa dh ?kfVr gksrh tk jgh ,d yach Ja[kyk gSA fujarjrk gS blesaA bls le>s ugha rks /Ee ugha le>sA ftanxh Hkj cq¼ fogkjksa esa mdMw cSB cq¼ ds lkeus ekFkk >qdkrs jguk] cl blh dk;Z esa fleV x,A tc [kqn dks jksd fy;k ,d ,d vksj] rks ;g #duk ;k=kk dSls curhA

;k=kk u gksxh rks vuqHko dSls gksaxsA vuqHko ugha gksaxs rks dq'ky deksZa dh mRifÙk dSls gksxhA dq'ky deksZa dh mRifÙk ugha gksxh rks fuokj.k dSls gksaxsA djus ls dqN gksrk] u djus ls dqN dSls gks tkrkA HkVdus dks ;k=kk ugha dgsaxsA ,d pcwrjs ds chl pDdj yxk vk,A ,d fnu ugha] nks fnu ugha] gj jkst ds chl pDdjA D;k ;s chl pDdj ;k=kk gSA dkSu dgsxk fd ;g ;k=kk gSA nsoky;ksa esa jkst ,slh gh ;k=kk,a rks gks jgh gSaA uko rks fdukjs ls ca/h gS vkSj thou Hkj uko [ksyrs jgs] ij jgs ogha ds oghaA ;k=kk okLrfod gksrh rks vuqHko Hkh okLrfod gksr]s lek/ku Hkh okLrfod gksrsA ;k=kk gh >wBh Fkh] vuqHko Hkh >wBs fudys rks lek/ku dSls lPps gksrsA /Ee Hkh ;k=kk gS] nq[k ls nq[k ds dkj.kksa dh vksjA izrhR;leqRikn ds rhu ifjorZ ysfdu ehy ds iRFkjksa dh rjg ughaA dq'ky gq, rks iwjk vuqHko ,d dksl ls gh ik yksxsA vxj ;k=kk esa lPpkbZ ugha gS] mRlqdrk ugha] iz'uksa dk lkFk ugha gS] rks ckjg ehy dh ;k=kk Hkh O;FkZ tk,xhA bl ckjg ehy dh ;k=kk esa rqe [kqn ls [kqn dks tkuksxsA dksbZ rqEgsa tkudkfj;ka ns ldrk gSA rqEgkjs lkeus lwpukvksa ds Bsj yxk ldrk gS] ysfdu tks rqEgsa ikuk gS] og gS vuqHkoA vuqHko gh Kku gSA tks vuqHko esa ughaA tks [kqn dj ns[kk ugha] mlesa dq'ky deZ dgka ls vk;sA bl ;k=kk esa rqe ckjg lh<h p<+ vkvksA ns[k vkvks fd Nr ij D;k j[kk gSA rc rqEgsa irk gksxk fd dc rqEgkjk ,d lh<+h p<+ tkus ij dke cu x;kA dc ikap lh<+h p<+ vkus ij dke cusxkA rqe O;FkZ dh ;k=kkvksa ls cp tkvksaxsA (vxys vad esa tkjh)

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

11


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

12

cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj dk /kEeksins'k (ukxiqj] fnukad 15 vDVwcj 1956)

ge ckS¼ D;ksa cus\a #

cs/Md U;wt+ MsLd

ckS¼ /Eekuq;kf;;ksa! esa vkt vius Hkk"k.k esa bl egRoiw.kZ iz'u ij fd eSaus Hkxoku cq¼ }kjk pyk, x, /Ee dk iquksZ¼kj rFkk izpkj ds egku~ dk;ZHkkj dks vius da/ksa ij D;ksa fy;k gSa] vius fopkj izdV djuk pkgrk gw¡A dbZ fopkj'khy O;fDr;ksa dk vkSj esjk viuk fopkj gS fd dy dk /ekZUrj lekjksg vkt gksuk pkfg, Fkk vkSj vkt dk ;g /Ee ifjorZu vfHkHkk"k.k /ekZUrj lekjksg ls iwoZ dy gksuk pkfg, FkkA fdarq tks gksuk Fkk] lks gqvkA vc vkt bl iz'u ij fopkj djuk dksbZ egRo ugha j[krk gSA

ukxiqj gh D;ksa\ cgqr ls yksxksa us eq> ls ;g iz'u fd;k gS fd bl egku lekjksg ds fy, ukxiqj gh D;ksa pquk x;k\ vU; dksbZ LFkku D;ksa ugha pquk\ dqN dk dguk gS fd 'kgj esa jk"Vªh; Lo;a lsod la?k dh lsuk dk dsaæ gksus ds dkj.k mUgha dh vka[kksa ds lkeus dqN djds fn[kkus ds fy, eSaus bl LFkku dks pquk gSaA ysfdu ;g ckr lp ugha gSaA esjk ,slk mís'; ugha gSA ukd dks [kqtkdj fdlh ds fy, Hkh vi'kdqu djus dh dksbZ esjh bPNk ugha gSa u gh esjs ikl ,slh fujFkZd ckrksa ds fy, le; gh gSA tks egku dk;Z eSaus vius da/ksa ij fy;k gS] og bruk egRoiw.kZ gS fd blds laca/ esa ,d&,d feuV Hkh esjs fy, cgqr egRo j[krk gSA bl LFkku dks pqurs le; dHkh Hkwy ls Hkh vkj-,l-,l- dk fopkj esjs eu esa dHkh ugha vk;kA ftu yksxksa us ckS¼ /Ee ds laca/ esa bl ns'k ds izkphudky ds bfrgkl dk vè;;u fd;k gS] mUgsa ekywe gS fd Hkxoku cq¼ ds /Ee dks iQSykus dk egku Js; ukx tkfr ds yksxksa dk gSA ukx yksx vk;ksZ ds dV~Vj 'k=kq FksA vk;ksZ vkSj vuk;ksZ esa vkil esa dbZ

^

MkW vacsMdj us ;soyk (ukfld) esa vizSy lu 1934 dks ?kks"k.kk dh fd ¶ eSa fgUnw /eZ esa iSnk gqvk] ;g esjs cl dh ckr ugha Fkh] ijUrq eSa fgUnw ds :i esa e:axk ugha ;s esjs cl dh ckr gSA¸ varr% 14 vDVwoj] 1956 dks] ukxiqj esa mUgksaus vius yk[kksa vuq;kf;;ksa ds lkFk /Ee nh{kk yh vkSj 15 vDVwoj] 1956 dks ukxiqj ls vius yk[kksa vuq;kf;;ksa dks crk;k fd ge ckS¼ D;ksa cusa\ muds vuqlkj rFkkxr Hkkxoku xkSre cq¼ dk Lo;a dk ekuuk Fkk fd ;g /Ee ^^cgqtu fgrk;] cgqtu lq[kk; yksdkuqdaik; vkfn dY;k.ka] eT> dY;k.ka] ifj;olku dY;k.ka¸ vFkkZr cgqr tuksa ds fgr ds fy, gSa] cgqr tuksa ds lq[k ds fy, gS vkSj lc yksxksa ij vuqdaik djus ds fy, gSA ;g vkfn] eè; vkSj var esa dY;k.kdkjd gS**

cM+h&cM+h yM+kbZ;ka gqbZA vk;Z yksx ukx yksxksa dk elwy uk'k djuk pkgrs FksA bl fo"k; esa cgqr lh dgkfu;k¡ iqjk.kksa esa feyrh gSA vtqZu us ukxksa dks tyk;k FkkA vxLr eqfu us ,d liZ ukx dh j{kk dh FkhA mlh ukx ds oa'kt vki yksx gSaA ftu ukxksa dks Ny vkSj diV ls ifrr cuk;k x;k Fkk] mUgs mBkus ds fy, ,d egkiqj"k dh vko';drk Fkh vkSj os mUgs Hkxoku cq¼ ds :i esa feysA ukxksa us gh lkjs Hkkjr esa ckS¼ /Ee dk izpkj fd;kA vki mUgha ukxksa dh larku gSaA ohj ukxksa dh izeq[k vkcknh ukxiqj esa FkhA

*

ukxksa dh vkcknh ds dkj.k bl uxj dks ukxiqj dgk x;k gSA bl ukxiqj ls 27 ehy dh nwjh ij cgus okyh unh dk uke Hkh ukx iM+k gqvk gSaA blls ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd blh unh ds vklikl ukxksa dh vkcknh FkhA ukxiqj dks bl egku lekjksg ds fy, pqus tkus dk ;FkkFkZ esa dkj.k Hkh ;gh gSA nwljk dksbZ dkj.k blds ihNs ugha gSA blfy, bls dksbZ Hkh xyr u le>sA fdlh vkSj ckr ij jk"Vªh; Lo;a lsod la?k ds lkFk fojks/ laHko gS] ysfdu bl LFkku dks fdlh us Hkh mudks fp<+kus ds fy, ilan ugha fd;k gSaA


fojksf/;ksa dh ckS[kykgV ftl egku dk;Z dks eSaus izkjaHk fd;k gS vkSj ftls vki lc yksxksa us Lohdkj fd;k gSA mldh cgqr ls lekpkj i=kksa us cgqr gh dVq vkykspuk dh gSa muds erkuqlkj eSa vius ca/ qvksa dks xyr ekxZ ij ys tk jgk gSaA ;s vLiz'; ,sls gh vNwr cus jgsaxsA bl /ekZUrj ls gekjk dqN Hkh Hkyk ugha gksxkA dbZ i=kksa us rks ;gka rd Hkzked rFkk feF;k ckrsa dgh gS fd vkt tks vNwrksa dks jktuSfrd vf/ dkj feys gq;s gSa] bl /ekZUrj ls os lc lekIr gks tk,saxsA ;g lc ikxyiu dk izpkj gSA bu yksxksa dk dguk gS fd u, jkLrs ls u tkdj iqjkus jkLrs ls ;k mlh ixMaMh ls gh gesa tkuk pkfg,A laHko gS fd ,sls O;fDr;ksa dks FkksM+k lk izHkko gekjs r:.kksa vkSj cqtqxksZ ij vo'; iM+s] blfy, esa bl iz'u dk tokc fn, cxSj ugha jguk pkgrkA laa'k; dks nwj djus ls gekjs vkanksyu dks cy feysxkA blfy, blh iz'u ij eSa cgqr dqN dguk pkgrk gw¡A ^^egkj&pekj ejh gqbZ xk;&HkSlksa dks u mBk,a vkSj u ejh gqbZ xk; HkSalksa dk ekal gh [kk,aA bl ckr dk izpkj eSaus vkt ls 30 o"kZ iwoZ fd;k FkkA bl izpkj ls lo.kZ fganqvksa dks cM+k vk?kkr igqapkA eSaus muls iwNk fd xk; HkSlksa dk nw/ rqe fivks vkSj ejus ij mls mBkdj ge ckgj iQsads] ,slk D;ksa\ vxj os viuh cw<+h eka ds ejus ij mls [kqn mBk ys tkrs gSa] rks ejh gqbZ xk; vkSj HkSal dks Lo;a D;kas ugh mBkdj ys tkuk pkgrs\ tc eSaus ,sls iz'u muds lkeus j[ks rks ;s yksx cgqr fp<+ x,A eSaus muls dgk fd vxj rqe viuh ejh gqbZ eka dks ckgj iQSdus ds fy, gesa ns nks] rks ge vo'; gh ejh gqbZ xk; dks Hkh mBk dj ys tk,axsA bl ij ^dsljh* (czkã.kksa dk lekpkj i=k) esa ,d fprikou czkã.k us dbZ i=k izdkf'kr djds ;g fl¼ djus dk iz;Ru fd;k fd izR;sd o"kZ e`r i'kqvksa ds u mBkus ls egkj&pekjksa dks fdruk uqdlku mBkuk iM+sxkA blds fy, mUgksaus dbZ izdkj ds vkadM+s nsdj viuh ckr dks fl¼ djus dk iz;Ru fd;k mudk dguk Fkk fd og ejs gq, i'kq dh gM~Mh] nkarksa] lhaxksa] varfM+;ksa vkfn ds cspus ls gj pekj dkss 500 ;k 600 :i;sa dk okf"kZd ykHk gksrk gSaA blfy, esa mudk uqdlku djk jgk gw¡A esjs vLi`'; yksxksa dks ,slk yxk fd vkf[kj eSa vius yksxksa ds fy,

;g D;k djus tk jgk gw¡\ ,d ckj eSa laxeusj (orZeku dukZVd izkar esa] csyxkao uked ,d rglhy) eSa x;k gqvk FkkA ftlus ^dsljh* esa i=k izdkf'kr fd, Fks] og eq> ls ogka ij feykA mlus ogh iz'u nksgjk,A eSaus mldks tokc fn;k fd rqEgkjs iz'uksa dk tokc eSa le; vkus ij nwaxkA eSaus dsljh* esa izdkf'kr gq, lHkh i=kksa ds iz'uksa dk [kqyh lHkk esa tks tokc fn;k fd esjs yksxksa ds ikl [kkus ds fy, vUu ugha gSaA fL=k;ksa ds ikl ru <dus ds fy, diM+k ugha gSA jgus ds fy, egku ugha gSaA muds ikl tksrus ds fy, tehu ugha gSA blfy, og nfyr egk%nq[kh gSaA eSaus lHkh mifLFkr yksxksa ls blds dkj.k iwNsA lHkk esa ls fdlh us Hkh mÙkj ugha fn;kA ;gka rd fd ^dsljh* esa i=k fy[kus okys lTtu us Hkh tks ml le; lHkk esa ekStwn Fkk] mlus Hkh tokc ugha fn;kA rc eSaus dgk Hkys yksxks! ge vius laca/ esa [kqn gh lksp ysaxsA vxj rqEgsa gekjs ykHk dh fpark gSa] rkss rqe vius lacaf/;ksa dks ,d&,d xkao esa Hkst nks vkSj muls dgks fd os ogha tkdj jgsa vkSj xkao esa ejs gq, i'kqvksa dks mBkdj iQsdsa] ftlls mUgsa 500 :i;s dk okf"kZd ykHk gks ldsA blds vykok ,slk djus ij mUgsa 500 :i;s buke esa Lo;a Hkh nwaxkA bl izdkj mUgsa nwxuk ykHk gksxkA bl ekSds dks D;ksa NksM+rs gks\ gekjk uqdlku gksxk ij rqEgsa rks ykHk gksxk ysfdu vkt rd dksbZ Hkh lo.kZ fganw bl dke ds fy, vkxs ugha vk;kA vkf[kj buds isV dk ikuh gekjh mUufr dks ns[kdj D;ksa fgyrk gSa\ D;ksa buds isV esa gekjh mUufr dh ckr lqudj nnZ gksrk gSaA vius yksxksa ds fy, vUu] oL=k] edku vkSj tehu ds fy, mudh ns[kHkky eSa Lo;a d:axkA bldh fpark vki u djsaA bl dke dks geus fd;k rks ykHk gksrk gS vkSj vkius fd;k rks uqdlku gksrk gSa\ mBkb, ejs gq, i'kqvksa dks vkSj yhft, iQk;nkA blh izdkj dqN yksxksa dk dguk gSa fd gesa fo/ ku lHkk esa dqN LFkku feysa gSa] rks mUgsa ge D;ksa NksM+ nsa\ eSa muls dgrk gw¡ fd czkã.k] jktiwr vkfn dks egkj] pekj] Hkaxh cu dj mu LFkkuksa dks Hkj yhft,A gekjs LFkkuksa ds [kkyh gksus ij rqEgsa jksuk D;ksa vkrk gSa\ euq"; dksbZ bTtr I;kjh gksrh gSa] ykHk I;kjk ugha gksrkA ge lEeku ds fy, la?k"kZ dj jgs gSaA eqacbZ esa O;fHkpkj djus dk ,d eksgYyk

gSaA ogka dh fL=k;ka losjs 8 cts lks dj mBrh gSaA losjs mBrs gh bZjkuh gksVyksa esa dke djus okys eqlyeku yM+dksa dks dgrh gS] ^^vks lqyseku! ,d IysV dhek (ekal) vkSj jksVh ys vkA** os dhek vkSj jksVh [kkrh gSa] pk; ihrh gSa] ij gekjh vkSjrksa dks rks dhek&jksVh [kkus dks ugha feyrkA dsoy pVuh vkSj :[kh&lw[kh jksVh feyrh gSaA blh ls os lc larq"V gSaA os Hkh ;fn pkgsa] rks ,slh csbTtrh dh ftanxh fcrk ldrh gSa] ysfdu mUgsa LokfHkeku I;kjk gS] bTtr I;kjh gSA ge tks yM+ jgs gSa] og lc dqN bTtr ds fy, gh rks yM+ jgs gSaA euq"; tUefl¼ vf/dkj gSa] bTtr ls jgukA bldh iw.kZ izkfIr rd ftruk vf/d ge vkxs vk ldrs gSa] mruk gh vkxs tkus dh gekjh rhoz bPNk gSaA blds fy, ge ftruk Hkh R;kx djsa] de gSaA lekpkj i=k okys xr pkyhl o"kksZ ls esjs ihNs iM+s gq, gSaA vc eSa mudks dguk pkgrk gw¡ fd Hkkb;ksa! vc rks vki de ls de dqN le>nkjh vkSj xaHkhj Hkk"kk esa cksfy,! gesa vkt dqN vkSj ckrksa dh Hkh vko';drk gSA ge yksxksa ds ckS¼ cu tkus ij os lc ckrsa dqN gn rd iwjh gksuh pkfg,] eSa lHkh dqN fnyokmQaxkA ,slk esjk iw.kZ fo'okl gSaA esjs ejus ds ckn D;k gksxk] bl laca/ esa dqN Hkh ugha dg dlrkA bl vkanksyu ds fy, cgqr dqN djuk gksxkA gekjs ckS¼ /Ee Lohdkj djus ij cgqr dqN gksxkA vkifr;ka vkus ij mudk fujkdj.k fdl izdkj djsaxs] dSlh ;qfDr;ka nsuh gksxh\ bu lHkh ckrksa ij vk|ksikar fopkj djsaxsA dSlh ;qfDr;ka nsuh gksxh\ bu lHkh ckrksa ij vk|ksikar fopkj eSaus fd;k gSaA bu ckrksa dk tokc nsus ds fy, esjs ikl dkiQh elkyk gSaA bu vf/dkjksa dks vius yksxksa dks eSaus gh fnyok;k gS vkSj eSa mUgsa fnyokmQaxkA ftlus vkidks bu vf/dkjksa dks fnyok;k gSa] ogh bu vf/dkjksa dks Hkh fnyok,xkA blfy, vki esjs mQij iw.kZ Hkjkslk jf[k, vkSj tks dqN eSa dg jgk gw¡] ml ij iw.kZ fo'okl j[kdj pfy,A fojksf/;ksa dh vkykspuk esa dqN Hkh lPpkbZ ugha gSaA blfy, mudh Hkzked ckrksa ij fopkj gh u djsaA eSa ujd ls eqDr gqvk gw¡ eq>s bl ckr dks ns[kdj cM+k vk'p;Z gksrk gSa fd gekjs bl /eZ ifjorZu dh ckrsa lHkh txg gks jgh gSa] ysfdu fdlh us eq> ls ;g

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

13


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

14

ugha iwNk fd eSaus cq¼ /Ee gh D;ksa Lohdkj fd;k gSa\ vkf[kjdkj eSaus lHkh /eksZ dks NksM+dj ckS¼ /Ee dks gh D;ksa viuk;k\ / ekZUrj ds fdlh izdkj ds vkanksyu esa ;g ,d egRoiw.kZ iz'u gSaA /ekZUrj djrs le; bu ckrksa dks fopkj djuk pkfg, fd fdl /eZ dks vkSj D;ksa dj viuk;k tk,\ eSaus fganw /eZ dk R;kx djus dk vkanksyu lu~ 1935 esa 'kq: fd;k Fkk vkSj cjkcj bl vkanksyu dks pyk jgk gw¡A ;soyk (ukfld ftyk) esa bl vkanksyu dks pykus ds fy, vizSy 1935 esa cM+k tylk fd;k Fkk vkSj ,d izLrko }kjk geus fu.kZ; fy;k Fkk fd ge bl fganw / eZ dks R;kx nsaxsA eSaus mlh le; ;g izfrKk dh Fkh fd ;|fi eSaus fganw /eZ esa tUe vo'; fy;k gSa] rks Hkh fganw /eZ esa jg dj e:axk ughaaA ,slh izfrKk eSaus vkt ls 21 o"kZ iwoZ dh Fkh vkSj mls vkt iwjk dj fn[kk;kA bl / ekZUrj ls eSa cgqr gh [kq'k gqvk gwa vkSj iziQqfYyr gks mBk gw¡A eq>s ,slk ekywe gksrk gSa fd eSa ujd ls NqVdkjk ik x;k gwaA eq>s dksbZ va/HkDr ugha pkfg,A tks yksx ckS¼ /Ee esa vkuk pkgrs gSa] mUgsa [kwc lksp le>dj vkuk pkfg,] rkfd os vkxs bl /Ee ds lqn`<+ gks dj jgs ldsaA

dkyZ ekDlZ dk iFk vkSj nfyr euq"; ek=k dh mUufr ds fy, /eZ dh vko';rk gSaA eSa ;g vPNh rjg tkurk gwa fd dkyZ ekDlZ ds fl¼karksa ls ,d u;k er fudyk gSaA muds dFkukuqlkj /eZ esa dqN Hkh ugha gSA muds fy, /eZ dk dksbZ egRo ugha gSA mudk /eZ dsoy ;g gS fd mUgsa izkr%dky eD[ku yxs gq, VksLV] nksigj dks [kkus ds fy, Lokfn"V Hkkstu] lksus ds fy, vPNk fcLrj vkSj ns[kus ds fy, flusek pkfg,A lgh mudk n'kZu gSA eSa ,sls n'kZu dk gkeh ugha nwaA esjs firk dh fu/Zurk ds dkj.k eq>s ,slk dksbZ lq[k ugha feykA vius thou esa ftruk d"V eSaus lgu fd;k gS] mruk fdlh us lgu ugha fd;k gksxkA blfy, xjhcksa dk thou fdl izdkj d"Ve; gksrk gS] bls eSa Hkyh izdkj ls tkurk gw¡A vkfFkZd n`f"Vdks.k dks lkeus j[kdj gekjk vkanksyu pyuk pkfg, vkSj eSa Hkh bl ckr dk fojks/ h ugha gw¡A gekjh vkfFkZd mUufr gksuh pkfg,] blfy, eSa vkt rd vius yksxksa dh vkfFkZd vkSj ekufld mUufr ds fy, la?k"kZ djrk jgk gw¡A ;gh ugha cfYd ekuo&ek=k dh

vkfFkZd mUufr gksuh gh pkfg,] ,slh esjh fuf'pr ekU;rk gSA

i'kq vkSj euq"; bl laca/ esa esjs vius fopkj gSaA i'kqvksa vkSj euq";ksa esa cM+k varj gSA i'kqvksa dks jkst [kkus ds fy, pkjk pkfg,] fdarq euq"; ds fy, vUu pkfg,A i'kqvksa dks pkjs ds flok fdlh vkSj pht dh vko';drk ugha gksrh] ijarq euq"; ds 'kjhj ds lkFk eu Hkh gSA bu nksuksa ckrksa ij fopkj djuk pkfg,A eu dk fodkl gksuk cgqr t:jh gSA eu dks ifo=k vkSj lqlaLdkfjr cukuk Hkh t:jh gSA ftu ns'kksa ds yksx ;g le>rs gSa fd [kkus&ihus dk lqlaLdkfjr eu ds lkFk dksbZ laca/ ugha gS] ,sls ns'k vkSj ogka dh turk ls laca/ j[kuk esjs fy, ykHkizn ugha gksxkA turk ls laca/ j[krs gq, bl ckr dk Hkh fopkj djuk pkfg, fd ftl izdkj 'kjhj fujksx gksuk pkfg,] mlh izdkj 'kjhj dks lqn`<+ cukus ds fy, eu dk Hkh lqlaLdkfjr gksuk cgqr t:jh gS] vU;Fkk ;g dguk fujFkZd gksxk fd euq"; fodkl ds iFk ij vxzlj gks jgk gS ;k mUufr dj jgk gSA

mRlkg dk ewy dkj.k lqlaLdkfjr eu euq"; dk 'kjhj ;k eu jksxh D;ksa jgrk gS\ bldk dkj.k ;g gS fd euq"; dks tc rd 'kkjhfjd ihM+k jgrh gS] rc rd mldk eu vizlUu jgrk gSA eu esa mRlkg u gks rks mldk fdlh Hkh dher ij mRFkku ugha gks ldrkA vkf[kj ;g mRlkg D;ksa ugha jgrk\ mldk izFke dkj.k ;g gS fd euq"; dks ,slk fo'okl gks x;k gS fd mls mQij mBus dk volj ugha fey ldrkA tc mlds ikl vk'kk gh ugha gS rks mlds ikl mRlkg ds fy, LFkku dgka gksxk\ og jksxh gSA ftl euq"; dks vius deZ dk iQy feyrk gSA mlh dks vkuan feyrk gSA Ldwyksa esa vxj ekLVj ;g dguk 'kq: dj nsa fd og dkSu gS\ ;g rks pekj gS\ ;g pekj D;ksa ijh{kk esa izFke vk;k\ bls izFke oxZ fdl fy, pkfg,\ bls pkSFks oxZ (fMohtu) esa ikl gksuk pkfg,] izFke oxZ esa ikl gksuk rks czke.kksa dk gh dke gSA ,sls gkyr esa ml pekj Nk=k dks D;k mRlkg feysxkA mldh rjDdh dSlh gksxh\ mRlkg fuekZ.k dk ewy dkj.k rks eu gS] ftldk 'kjhj vkSj eu etcwr gksrk gS] og / S;Zoku gksrk gS ,sls O;fDr ds lkeus dksbZ foifr ugha jgrhA gj eqlhcr dk eqdkcyk

djus dks mlesa Loea&fo'okl gksrk gSA blh ls mlesa mRlkg mRiUu gksrk gSaA fganw /eZ dk n'kZu ,slh vlekurk vkSj ,sls vusdkusd vU;k;&iw.kZ fl¼karksa ij vk/kfjr gS fd bl /eZ ls fdlh dks dksbZ mRlkg vkt rd ugha feykA vxj ;g /eZ gtkjksa o"kksZ rd Hkh jg ldsxk rks dsoy bruk gh gksxk fd isV Hkjus ds fy, ckcw iSnk gksaxs] tks vius isV Hkjus ds flok; vkSj dqN Hkh ugha dj ldsaxsA fiQj ,sls DydksZ dh j{kk djus dh vko';drk gksxhA vke vNwrksa dh HkykbZ ds ckjs esa u rks dHkh lkspsxk vkSj u mudh dHkh HkykbZ gh gksxhA euq"; ds mRlkg dk dkj.k vxj dksbZ gS] rks og gS euA vki fey ds ekfydksa dks tkurs gSaA os feyksa esa eSustj fu;qDr djrs gSaA mudk dke fey ds etnwjksa ls dke ysuk gksrk gSA ;s fey&ekfyd fdlh u fdlh O;lu esa iQals gksrs gSaA D;ksafd mudk eu LoPN vkSj lqlaLdkfjr ugha gksrkA vius eu dk fodkl djus ds fy, geus vkanksyu fd;kA eSaus f'k{kk dSls izkIr dh\ eSa xjhch ds dkj.k yaxksVh esa gh Ldwy tkrk FkkA Ldwy esa eq>s ihus dks ikuh Hkh ugha feyrk FkkA ikuh ds cxSj eSaus dbZ fnu fcrk,A eqacbZ uxj ds ,fYiQalVu dkWyst esa Hkh ;gh gky FkkA vxj ,slh gh ifjfLFkfr jgh] rks blls nwljh ifjfLFkfr vkSj D;k iSnk gks ldrh gS\ dsoy xqyke DydZ gh iSnk gksaxs] rc vNwrksa dh HkykbZ D;k gksxh\

DydZ ugha] 'kkld cuks fczfV'k jkt esa eSa fnYyh esa ,DthD;wfVo dkSaflyj FkkA ml le; Hkkjr ds okbljk; ykMZ fyufyFkxks FksA muls eSaus ,d fnu dgk fd vki eqlyekuksa ds uke ij vyhx<+ fo'ofo|ky; dks rhu yk[k vkSj fganqvksa ds uke ij cukjl fo'ofo|ky; dks rhu yk[k :i;s nsrs gks] ijarq ge u rks fganw gSa vkSj u eqlyekuA vxj gekjs fy, vki dqN djuk pkgsa] rks gekjs fy, Hkh blls dbZ xquk [kpZ djuk iM+sxkA vxj vki bruk u dj lds rks de ls de eqlyekuksa ds fy, ftruk vki djrs gSa] mruk gh gekjs fy, Hkh djsaA bl laca/ esa fyufyFkxks us eq> dgk fd eq>ls tks dqN Hkh muls dguk gSa] eSa mls fy[k dj nawA muds dFkukuqlkj eSaus bl laca/ esa ,d eseksjsaMe (ekax i=k) fy[k dj mUgsa ns fn;kA ;wjksfi;u yksx dkiQh lgkuqHkwfr j[kus


okys gksrs FksA mUgksaus esjs dFku dks eku fy;k] ijarq bl iSls dks fdl izdkj [kpZ fd;k tk,] bldk fu.kZ; ugha gks ik;kA mudk fopkj Fkk fd iSls dks gekjh vf'kf{kr yM+fd;ksa ij [kpZ fd;k tk,A muds fy, cksfMZx [kksys tka, vkSj mlh ij ;g iSlk [kpZ fd;k tk,A vxj bl iSls dks bl izdkj [kpZ djds gekjh dsoy vf'kf{kr yM+fd;ksa dks f'kf{kr fd;k x;k] rks mUgsa vPNk [kkuk cukus ds fy, vPNk&vPNk lkeku Hkh pkfg, ;g lkeku dgka ls vk,xk\ D;ksafd gekjh turk vR;ar xjhc gSA gekjs yksx viuh f'kf{kr yM+fd;ksa dh bPNk iwjh djus ds fy, iSlk dgka ls yk,axs\ rc bl f'k{kk dk ifj.kke D;k gksxk\ vU; lc ckrksa ij rks ljdkj us iSlk [kpZ fd;k] ysfdu f'k{kk ij [kpZ gksus okys iSls dks jksds j[kkA ,d ckj eSa ykMZ fyufyFkxksa ds ikl fiQj x;k vkSj muls eSaus [kqys fny ls f'k{kk laca/ h [kpsZ ij ckrsa dhA muls eSaus dgk fd vxj vkidks xqLlk u vk, rks eSa ,d iz'u iwNuk pkgrk gw¡A mUgksaus dgk] gk¡! iwfN,! eSaus iwNk fd D;k ;g lp ugha gS fd eSa vdsyk 500 xzsT;q;sV~l ds cjkcj gw¡] ^gka eSa ekurk gw¡A** fiQj eSaus muls iwNk fd bldk D;k dkj.k gS\ bl ij mUgksaus dgk fd mUgsa ekywe ughaA rc eSaus muls dgk fd viuh esgur ls izkIr dh xbZ esjh fo}rk bruh gS fd eSa bl fo}rk ds cy ij 'kklu ds fdlh Hkh in ij cSB ldrk gw¡A eq>s ,sls gh fo}ku pkfg,] ftl izdkj fdys esa fu'kkus ij cSBdj ;ks¼k lSfud 'k=kq dks ijkLr dj nsrs gSa] mlh izdkj esjh le> ds vuq:i ,sls fo}ku O;fDr tks 'kklu ds inksa ij cSSBdj esjs xjhc vkSj fujhg yksxksa dh vPNh rjg ns[kjs[k dj ldsaA vxj vkidks gekjs yksxksa dh HkykbZ gh djuh gS] rks ,sls gh yksxksa dks iSnk djuk gksxkA rHkh bu vNwrksa dh HkykbZ gks ldsxhA dsoy DydksZ ds iSnk djus ls dqN ugha gksus okyk\ esjs bl dFku dks ykMZ fyufyFkxks us ekuk vkSj mlh o"kZ 16 fo|kfFkZ;ksa dk mPp f'k{kk ds fy, foyk;r fHktok fn;kA bl ns'k esa ge gtkjksa o"kksZ ls cgqr gh fu:Rlkgh voLFkk esa jgrs pys vk jgs gSaA tc rd ;g voLFkk jgsxh rc rd viuh mUufr ds fy, geesa mRlkg iSnk gksuk laHko ugha gSA vU;k; vkSj vlekurk ij vk/kfjr bl fganw (ckeu) /eZ esa jgdj ge dqN Hkh ugha dj

ldrsA euqLe`fr esa pkrqoZ.;Z dk dFku (leFkZu) gSA ;g pkrqoZ.;Z O;oLFkk euq"; ek=k dh mUufr ds fy, egk?kkrd gSA 'kqæksa dk dke dsoy lsok gh djuk gSaA mUgsa f'k{kk ls D;k rkRi;Z\ bl leL;k dk gy dkSu djsxk\ cke.k] {kf=k; vkSj oS';ksa dks 'kwæksa dh xqykeh ls gj izdkj dk iQk;nk gSA 'kwæksa ds ikl xqykeh ds flok vkSj D;k gS\ pkrqoZ.;Z O;oLFkk iQwad ekjus ls mM+kbZ ugha tk ldrhA ;g dsoy :<+h ugha gS] cfYd / eZ cu xbZ gSA fganw /eZ esa dksbZ lekurk ugha gSA eSa ,d ckj xka/h th ls feyus x;kA xka/h th us eq>ls dgk fd os pkrqoZ.;Z dks ekurs gSa] ysfdu ;g pkrqoZ.;Z dkSu lk vkSj dSlk gS\ bl ckr dks le>kus ds fy, eSaus viuh vaxqfy;ksa dks ,d ds mQij ,d djds crkrs gq, dgk fd ;g pkrqoZ.;Z lh/k gS ;k mYVk\ bldk vkfn vkSj var dgk gS\ xka/h th bl ckr dk tokc ugha ns ldsA ftu yksxksa us gekjk uk'k fd;k gS] mudk ;g vU;k;iw.kZ / eZ buds lkeus gh u"V gks tk,xkA eSa fganw / eZ ij csdkj gh vkjksi ugha yxkrkA bl ikie;h /eZ esa fdlh dk Hkh m}kj ugha gks ldrkA ;g /eZ u"V gks pqdk gSA blesa dksbZ tku ugha gSA

vxj gesa 'kL=k /kj.k djus dk vf/dkj gksrk gekjk ns'k fonsf'k;ksa dk xqyke D;ksa cuk\ ;wjksi esa lu~ 1939 ls 1945 rd nwljk egk;q¼ gqvkA ftruh iQkSt yM+kbZ esa yM+rh Fkh]mruh gh iQkSt jkst HkrhZ gks tkrh FkhA ml le; fdlh us ;g ugha dgk fd ;q¼ thrus dk Js; fdlh ,d dks gh izkIr gSaA ;g lHkh ns'kokfl;ksa dk egku Js; FkkA gekjs ns'k dh rks ckrsa gh fujkyh jgh gSaA {kf=k; ej x, rks lkjk ns'k ej x;kA ;gh gksrk jgk gSA blfy, gekjk ns'k dbZ ckj xqyke cukA vxj ge yksxksa dks 'kL=k /kj.k djus dk vf/dkj gksrk] rks ;g egku ns'k dHkh xqyke u curk vkSj u dksbZ bl ns'k dks vkØe.k djds thr gh ldrk FkkA

ckS¼ /Ee ls gh bl ns'k dh HkykbZ gksxh fganw /eZ esa jgdj fdlh dk m}kj ugha gks ldrkA fganw /eZ dh jpuk ds vuqlkj dqN rFkkdfFkr lo.kksZ dks lfn;ksa ls ykHk igqap jgk gSA esjs bl dFku esa fry ek=k Hkh >wB ugha

gSA 'kwæksa vkSj vNwrksa dh D; HkykbZ gqbZ\ ckeu dh vkSjr xHkZorh gqbZ fd mldk è;ku lh/ k gkbZdksVZ dh vksj tkrk gSaA fd ogka ij tt dksbZ in [kkyh gS ;k ugha vkSj tc gekjh vkSjr xHkZorh gksrh gS] rc mldk è;ku bl ckr dh vksj tkrk gS fd desVh esa dksbZ >kMw nsus okys ds fy, txg [kkyh gS ;k ughaA ;g nqjkO;oLFkk fganw /eZ O;oLFkk ds dkj.k gh gSA blesa jgdj gekjh D;k HkykbZ gks ldsxh\ vxj gekjh HkykbZ gksxh rks dsoy ckS¼ /Ee esa gh gksxhA Hkxoku ds /Ee dks cke.kksa us Hkh viuk;k vkSj 'kwæksa us HkhA mu lHkh fHkD[kqvksa dks vkns'k nsrs gq, Hkxoku cq¼ us dgk Fkk fd& ^^gs fHkD[kqvks! vki yksx dbZ ns'kksa vkSj fHkUu&fHkUu tkfr;ksa ls vk, gq, gSaA ftl izdkj vkids ns'k&izns'k esa vusd ufn;ka cgrh gSa] mudk vyx vfLrRo fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA tc ;s ufn;ka egklkxj esa fey tkrh gSa] tc vius i`Fkd vfLrRo dks [kks cSBrh gSA os lc leqæ esa lek tkrh gSaA ckS¼ /Ee leqæ dh Hkkafr gSaA bl la?k esa lHkh ,d gSa vkSj lHkh cjkcj gSaA leqæ esa xaxk ;k ;equk ds fey tkus ij mlds ikuh dks vyx ls igpkuuk dfBu gSA blh izdkj vki ykxksa ds ckS¼ la?k esa vkus ij dHkh ,d gSaA lHkh leku gSaA bl izdkj dh ckrsa dgus okyk ,d gh egkiq:"k gqvk gS vkSj ;g egkiq:"k gSa Hkxoku cq¼A

esjs mQij tcnZLr ftEesnkjh gS tc yksx eq> ls ;g iz'u djrs gSa fd eSaus /ekZUrj djus ds fy, bruk le; D;ksa yxk;k\ brus fnu rd esa D;k dj jgk Fkk\ ;s iz'u egRoiw.kZ gSaA /eZ ds rRoksa dks nwljksa dks le>kuk vklku dke ugha gSA ;g vdsys O;fDr dk dke Hkh ugha gSaA /eZ ds laca/ esa vki fopkj djds ns[ksaxs rks esjh ckr vkidh le> esa vk tk;sxhA vkt esjs mQij fdruh cM+h ftEesnkjh gSaA mruh lalkj esa fdlh ij ugha gSA ;fn eas vf/d le; rd thfor jgk] rks og lc dke iwjk djds fn[kykmQaxkA (ckck lkgsc ftankckn ds ukjksa ls vkdk'k xwat mBkA dqN le; rd pkjksa vkSj mUgha ukjksa vkSj rkfy;ksa dh xM+xM+kgV dh vkoktsa lqukbZ nsrh jghA)

vNwr dgdj ugha ?kweuk dqN yksx dgsaxs fd vNwrksa ds ckS¼ cuus ij D;k gksxk\ bl laaca/ esa esjk bruk gh dguk gS fd bl izdkj dk iz'u vki yksxksa

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

15


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

16

dks ugha iwNuk pkfg, D;kasfd ,sls iz'u /wrZrkiw.kZ gSA /uh yksxksa dks /eZ dh vko';drk ugha gSa muesa tks yksx mQaps inksa ij vklhu gSa] muds ikl jgus ds fy, vPNk caxyk gS] mudh lsok djus ds fy, muds ikl /u gS] muds ikl ukSdj&pkdj gSA vkSj muds ikl lc dqN gSA ,sls yksxksa }kjk ckS¼ /Ee dks viukus ;k ml ij fopkj djus dh dksbZ vko';drk ugha gSaA

/eZ dh vko';drk xjhcksa ds fy, gS /eZ dh t:jr dsoy xjhcksa ds fy, gksrh gSA nq[kh vkSj ihfM+r yksxksa ds fy, /eZ dh t:jr gksrh gSA xjhc euq"; lnk gh vk'kk ij thrk gSA thou dk ewy vk'kk esa gSA vxj ;g vk'kk u"V gks xbZ] rks thou dSls pysxk\ / eZ lHkh dks vk'kkoknh cukrk gSA xjhcksa&ihfM+rksa dks ;gh lans'k nsrk gS fd ?kcjkus dh dksbZ vko';drk ugha D;ksafd thou vk'kknk;d gS vkSj ,slk gh vkxs Hkh jgsxkA ;g dkj.k gS fd xjhc ;k ihfM+r O;fDr /eZ dks vius ls fpikdj j[krk gSaA tc ;wjksi esa bZlkbZ;r dk izpkj gqvk] ml le; jkse ds vklikl lHkh ns'kksa dh n'kk cgqr [kjkc FkhA yksxksa dks isV Hkj [kkuk Hkh ugha feyrk FkkA ml le; isV Hkjus ds fy, xjhc yksxksa dks f[kpM+h ckaVh tkrh FkhA ml le; bu yksxksa esa bZlkbZ er dk izpkj gqvkA nq[kh vkSj ihfM+r yksx bl /eZ ds vuq;k;h cusA ;wjksfi;u fo}ku feLVj fxcu us ,d ckj dgk Fkk fd bZlkbZ /eZ fHk[kkfj;ksa dk /eZ gS tks ;wjksi dk /eZ x;k gSA bldk tokc nsus ds fy, fe- fxcu vkt thfor ugha gSaA vxj os thfor gksrs rks 'kk;n viuh ckr dk tokc os [kqn gh ik ysrs gSA dqN yksx ;g vo'; dgsaxs fd ;g ckS¼ /Ee Hkaxh&pekjksa dk /Ee gSA cke.k yksx Hkxoku cq¼ dks Hkh ^^Hkks] xkSre!** dgdj iqdkjrs FksA cke.k Hkxoku dks bl izdkj vi'kCn dgdj fp<+k;k djrs FksA ysfdu vki ;g tkurs gSa fd fons'kksa esa jke] Ñ".k vkSj 'kadj dh ewfrZ;ksa dks [kjhnus ds fy, j[kk tk, rks dksbZ [kjhnsxk ughaA vxj cq¼ dh ewfrZ j[kh tk, rks ,d Hkh ewfrZ ugha cpsxhA Hkkjr esa tks gksuk Fkk og cgqr dqN gksrk jgkA dqN ckgj Hkh ns[kksA ckgj vxj fdlh dk uke izfl¼ gS] rks dsoy Hkxoku cq¼ dkA fiQj ;g /eZ cxSj iQSys dSls jgsxk\ ge vius ekxZ ls t:j tk,axsA os viuh

jkg ls tk,aA gesa u;k jkLrk fey x;k gSA ;g vk'kk dk izrhd gSA vH;qn; vkSj mRd"kZ dk egku ekxZ gSA ;g ekxZ u;k ugha gSA bls ge dgha ls yk, ugha gSaA ;g Js"B ekxZ ;gha dk gSA ;g Hkkjrh; gSA bl ns'k esa 2000 o"kZ iwoZ Hkh ckS¼ /Ee FkkA bldk gesa nq[k gS fd bls geus igys gh D;kas ugha viuk;k\ Hkxoku cq¼ ds /Ee ds lkj rRo vtj vej gSA fiQj Hkh cq¼ us vius fl¼karksa ds vifjorZuh; gksus dk nkok ugha fd;kA bl /Ee esa le;kuqlkj cnyus dh 'kfDr gSA bruh mnkjrk fdlh vU; /eZ esa ugha gSA

ckS¼ /Ee dk iru bl ns'k ls ckS¼ /Ee ds uk'k dk eq[; dkj.k bl ns'k ij eqlyekuksa dk vekuq"kh; vkØe.k FkkA bl vkØe.k esa gtkjksa ewfrZ;ka rksM+h xbZA fHkD[kq ekjs x,A bu vkØe.kksa ls ?kcjk dj ckS¼ fHkD[kq nwljs ns'kksa esa Hkkx x,A dksbZ frCcr x;kA dqN phu x,A dksbZ dgh x;k vkSj dksbZ dghA bldk ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd ;gka ij fHkD[kqvksa dk vHkko gks x;kA mrj if'pe izkar esa ,d xzhi jktk FkkA mldk uke Fkk fefyan (feukMj) mls /eZ ppkZ esa cgqr :fp FkhA mlus fganw /eZ 'kkL=kksa ds iafM+rksa ds lkFk dbZ ckj okn&fookn djds mUgsa gjk fn;k Fkk vkSj dbZ;ksa dks fu:rj dj fn;k FkkA ,d fnu mlus pkgk fd ckS¼ /eZ ds fo}kuksa ds lkFk Hkh okn&fookn d:aA blfy, mlus vius lsodksa dks vkns'k fn;k fd tc dHkh muds jkT; esa dksbZ ckS¼ /Ee dk iafMr (fo}ku) utj vk, rks mls muds ikl yk;k tk,A rc LFkkuh; ckS¼ erkoyfc;ksa us egkiafMr vkSj /Ee /qja/j fHkD[kq ukxlsu th ls izkFkZuk dh fd os jktk ds ikl tkdj okn&fookn esa ckS¼ /Ee dk eaMu djsaA fHkD[kq ukxlsu cgqr cM+s fo}ku FksA ukxlsu vkSj fefyan ds chp tks ikjLifjd okn&fookn gqvk] ml lcdks iqLrdkdkj (fefyan iz'u) esa Nkik x;k gSA fefyan us ,d iz'u fd;k fd /eZ dh Xykfu D;ksa gksrh gSa\ ukxlsu us bldk mrj nsrs gq, blds rhu dkj.k crk,A igyk ;g fd lPpk /eZ gh lnk cuk jgrk gSA ftl /eZ ds ewy esa xaHkhjrk ugha] gksrh og /eZ rkRdkyhu / eZ gksrk gS vkSj le; chrus ij ,slk /eZ fVdk ugha jgrkA nwljk ;g gkssrk gS fd tc /eZ izpkj djus okys fo}ku gh ugha jgrs] rc / eZ dh Xykfu ;kuh gkuh gksrh gSaA Kkuh yksxksa

dks /eZ Kku dh ppkZ djuh pkfg,A fojksf/ ;ksa ds okn&fookn dk [kaMu djus ds fy, /eZ ds izpkjd u gksa] rks Hkh /eZ dh gkfu gksrh gSA rhljk dkj.k ;g gS fd /eZ vkSj / eZ ds rRo fo}kuksa ds fy, gksrs gSaA lk/kj.k yksxksa ds fy, eafnj ;k fogkj gksrs gSa] tgka ij tkdj turk viuh Js"B foHkwfr;ksa dh iwtk djrh gSA vki yksxksa dks bl egku ckS¼ /Ee dks Lohdkj djrs gq, bu ckrksa dk è;ku j[kuk pkfg,A ,slk dHkh ugha le>uk pkfg,A fd ckS¼ /Ee ds rRo dsoy dqN le; ds fy, gSA vkt 2500 o"kksZ ds ckn Hkh cq¼ ds rRoksa dks lkjk lalkj ekurk gSA vdsys vesfjdk esa cq¼ /eZ ds vuqs;kf;;ksa dh 2000 laLFkk,a gSaA baXySaM esa rhu yk[k :i;s [kpZ djds ckS¼ fogkj cuk;k x;kA teZuh esa rhu pkj gtkj ckS¼ laLFkk,a gSaA cq¼ rRo vtj vej gSaA fiQj Hkh cq¼ us vius n'kZu ds egku gksus dk nkok dHkh ugha fd;k vkSj u mUgksaus dHkh ;g dgk fd mudk /eZ bZ'ojh; gSA Hkxoku us rks ;gh dgk Fkk fd esjs firk vkSj esjh ekrk nksuksa lkekU; euq";ksa dh Hkkafr gSaA ftUgsa og /eZ vPNk yxs] os bls viuk,a D;ksafd bruh mnkjrk dh ckrsa fdlh nwljsd /eZ esa ugha feysaxhA nwljks /eksZ vkSj ckS¼ /Ee esa egku varj gSA ckS¼ /Ee dh egku ckrsa vkidks nwljs / eksZ esa ugha feysxhA D;ksafd nwljs /eZ euq"; bZ'oj ds xgjs laca/ dks crkrs gSaA nwljs /eZ dgrs gSa fd bZ'oj us lalkj jpk gSA mlh us vkdk'k] ok;q] baæ] lwjt vkSj lc dqN iSnk fd;s gSA bZ'oj us lc dqN gekjs fy, dj fn;k gSA dqN 'ks"k ugha j[kk gSA blfy, ge bZ'oj dh mikluk vkSj Hktu gh djrs jgsaA bZlkbZ /eZ ds vuqlkj ejus ds ckn ,d fu.kZ; dk fnu gksxkA mlh ds fu.kZ; vuqlkj lc dqN fu/kZfjr gksxkA bZ'oj vkSj vkRek ds fy, ckS¼ /Ee esa dksbZ LFkku ugha gSaA Hkxoku cq¼ us dgk fd lalkj esa lc txg nq[k gSA uCcs izfr'kr yksx nq[kh gS] ihfM+r gSaA nq[k ls ihfM+r xjhc yksxksa dk m}kj djuk gh ckS¼ /Ee dk eq[; è;s; gSA dkyZ ekDlZ us Hkxoku cq¼ ls T;knk dqN ugha dgk gSA Hkxoku cq¼ us tks dgk gS og lc ljy vkSj lh/k ekxZ gSA Hkkb;ks vkSj cguks! tks dqN eq>s dguk Fkk] 'ks"k i`"B 50 ij------


çkphu phuh f'kYih okLrq foKku ,oa ckS¼ /kEe #

xhrk lqeu

vE;h ioZr vkSj ys'kku cq¼ eqfrZ vE;h ioZr dk nwljk uke gS egk vkyksd igkM+] tks if'peh phu ds lNoku çkar ds eè; nf{k.k rFkk lNoku csflu o fNaxgkbZ&frCcr iBkj ds laxe Hkkx esa fLFkr gS] ioZr dh lc ls Åaph pksVh dk uke gS lgL=kksa cq¼ f'k•j] tks leqæ lrg ls rhu gtkj 99 ehVj Åapk gSA vE;h ioZr vius ;gka vuks•k çkÑfrd lkSan;Z feyus rFkk ikSjkf.kd yksd tSlk ckS/ txr dk rhFkZ igkM+ gksus dh otg ls fo'ofo[;kr gSA bl igkM+ esa lqUnj çkÑfrd n`';ksa rFkk lfn;ksa iqjkuh ,frgkfld laLÑfr dk vuwBk feJ.k gqvk vkSj ,d nwljs dks T;knk Js"B dj fn;k x;k gS] blfy, phu esa vE;h dh ljkguk djus ds fy, ;g dgkor pyrk vk;k gS fd vE;h dk lkSan;Z i`Foh esa cstksM+ gSA vE;h ioZr tgka fLFkr gS] ogka dbZ cgqr çkÑfrd rRo fefJr miyC/ gS] igkM+h {ks=k esa tho tarq;ksa dh çpwjrk gksrh gS] nqyZHk vkSj fo'ks"k fdLeksa ds tho cs'kqekj gS] iw.kZ :i esa lqjf{kr v/Z m".k çns'kh; ouLifr;ksa dh oU; O;oLFkk gksrh gS] 87 çfr'kr dh Hkwfe ij taxy fcNh gqbZ gSA vE;h ioZr esa mPp ntZs dh nks lkS 42 oU; çtkfr;ka gSa vkSj rhu gtkj nks lkS ls vf/d fdLeksa dh ouLifr;ka gS] tks phu dh ouLifr;ksa dh dqy fdLeksa dk nloka Hkkx curh gSA phu dh ,slh lkS ls vf/d fdLeksa dh ouLifr;ka gSa] tks ek=k vE;h ioZr esa mxrh gS vkSj ftu ds uke Hkh vE;h ls tqM+s dj j•s x, gSaA bl ds vykok vE;h ioZr esa vusd uLyksa ds nqyZHk vkSj ewY;oku tkuoj jgrs gSa] ;gka tkuokjksa dh uLysa nks gtkj rhu lkS ls vf/d gS] blfy, vE;h igkM+h {ks=k fo'o dh tho fodkl O;oLFkk ij vuqla/ku ds fy, ,d egRoiw.kZ LFky gSA vE;h ioZr phu ds ckS/ /eZ ds pkj çeq• rhFkZ ioZrksa esa ls ,d gSA ckS/ /eZ ds çpkj çlkj rFkk eafnjksa o eBksa ds tksjnkj fuekZ.k o fodkl ls vE;h ioZr dks vkSj vf/d ikSjkf.kd rFkk fnO; cuk;k x;kA / kfeZd laLÑfr] •kl dj ckS/ laLÑfr

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

17

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phu esa pkj çeq• ckS¼ ioZr e'kgwj gSa] ftu ds uke gSa oqFkkbZ'kku ioZr] vekbZ ioZr ] iQqFkks ioZr vkSj P;qgok ioZr A dgk tkrk Fkk fd ;s pkj ioZr ckS/ /eZ ds ckSf/Rlo eqatqJh] lkearHkæ] voyksdurs'oj vkSj f{kfrxHkZ ds riL;k LFky Fks A bu pkj ioZrksa ds lfn;ksa ls ckS/ /eZ dh laLÑfr ls tqM+us ds lkFk lkFk phu ds çfl¼ n'kZuh; LFky ds uke ls Hkh vR;Ur ukeh gSa A bfrgkl esa vE;h {ks=k dh laLÑfr ds eq[; LFkku ij lEekfur jghA ;gka ds reke okLrq fuekZ.kksa] eqfrZ;ksa] /kfeZd ;a=kksa] fjfr laLdkjksa] laxhr o fp=kksa esa /kfeZd laLÑfr dk xk<k okrkoj.k Nk;k jgkA vE;h ioZr ij cM+h la[;k esa eafnj vkSj eB LFkkfir gq, gS] ftu esa iksDoks eB] O;kuU;su eB lesr Lo.khZ; pksVh ds vkB eafnj lc ls e'kgwj gSaA ys'kku egk cq¼ eqfrZ vE;h ioZr dh iwohZ rygVh esa •M+h f'k;Ä igkM+ ij gS] tks çkphu dky esa egk eS=ks; çrhek vkSj egk pkfru çrhek ds uke ls e'kgwj Fkk] bl eqfrZ •ksnus dk dke Fkkax jktoa'k ds •kbZ;qu dky ds çFke o"kZ ;kuh o"kZ 713 esa 'kq: gqvk Fkk] yxkrkj uCcs lkyksa ds ckn iwjk gks x;kA eqfrZ unh ds rV ij •M+h igkM+h pêðku

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ij •ksn dj cuk;h xbZ gS] tks vc rd fo'o esa lqjf{kr igkM+h pêðku ij •qnh lc ls cM+h eqfrZ gS] okLro esa og lewps ,d igkM+ dks •ksn dj cuk;h xbZ gS] blfy, ;g dgkor fd igkM+ cq¼ gS] cq¼ igkM+ Hkh] lfn;ksa ls pyk vk;k gSA egk cq¼ eqfrZ cSBus ds vklu~ esa gS] unh ds iwohZ rV ij cSBh i'phe dh vksj eq• djrh gS] eqfrZ 'kkafr vkSj xaHkh;Z dh eqæk esa gS] eqfrZ 71 ehVj Åaph gS vkSj 'kjhj ij gjsd rjk'k js•k ckjhdh vkSj lw{e gS] dykRed 'kSyh esa iwjk cnu vuqikfrr gS] eqfrZ vn~Hkqr HkO; vkSj egku~ fn•rh gSA egk cq¼ eqfrZ ds mÙkj vkSj nf{k.k esa •M+h pêðkuksa ij Fkkax jktoa'k esa •qnh uCcs cqf¼ eqfrZ;ka Hkh miyC/ gSa] ftu esa Hkh Js"B dyk Ñfr;ka feyrh gSaA


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

18

vE;h ioZr vkSj ys'kku cq¼ eqfrZ ftl igkM+h {ks=k esa fLFkr gS] fo'ks"k HkkSxksfyd LFkku esa gksus ds dkj.k ogka dh Hkw&fLFkfr fo'ks"k vkSj vuwBh gS] çkÑfrd n`'; vuqie vkSj vuks•s gS] ikfjfLFkfrdh dk i;kZoj.k vPNh rjg lqjf{kr gS] •kl dj fo'o dh tSo fodkl O;oLFkkvksa ds laxe o laØe.k LFkku ij vofLFkr gksus ls çpwj ek=kk esa tkuojksa o ouLifr;ksa dk lalk/u miyC/ gS] bu tkuojksa o ouLifr;ksa dh Li"V {ks=kh; fo'ks"krk O;ÙkQ gksrh gS] nqyZHk tho uLysa le`¼ gksrh gSaA fiNys nks gtkj lkyksa esa bl {ks=k esa le`¼ lkaLÑfrd fojklr l`tu dj latks, gqbZ gSa] ftu dk çfrfuf/Ro ckS/ /eZ djrk gSA vE;h ioZr ds çkÑfrd lalk/uksa rFkk lkaLÑfrd /jksgjksa dk bfrgkl] lkSan;Z dyk] oSKkfud vuqla/ku rFkk i;ZVu ds fy, cgqr Åapk ewY; gksrk gS] tks ekuo tkfr dk la;qÙkQ laink gSA vE;h ioZr vkSj ys'kku egk cq¼ eqfrZ o"kZ 1996 esa fo'o lkaLÑfrd o çkÑfrd fojklr ds p;u ekinaM ds vuqlkj fo'o fojklr lwph esa 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSA fo'o fojklr desVh dk ewY;kadu bl çdkj gS% bZlk igyh 'krkCnh esa lNoku çkar ds vE;h ioZr dh •wclwjr pksVh ij phu dk çFke ckS/ eafnj LFkkfir gqvkA ml ds vklikl nwljs eafnjksa dh LFkkiuk gksus ds lkFk ;g LFkku ckS/ /eZ ds çeq• rhFkZ LFkyksa esa ls ,d cu x;kA dkykarj esa ;gka cM+h ek=kk esa lkaLÑfrd laink bDêòs gks x,] ftu esa lc ls e'kgwj ys'kku dh egk cq¼ eqfrZ gS] og vkBoha 'krkCnh esa yksxksa }kjk ,d igkM+h pêðku ij •ksn dj cuk;h xbZ Fkh] tks ns•us esa yxrh gS fd og uhps dh vksj utj >qdk dj ogka ls xqtjus okyh rhuksa ufn;ksa ds laxe ij fuxkg djrh gks] ;g eqfrZ 71 ehVj Åaph gS] tks fo'o esa lc ls Åaph eqfrZ ekuh tkrh gSA vE;h ioZr tho tarqvksa dh le`¼ uLysa rFkk ouLifr;ksa dh çpwj fdLesa miyC/ gksus ds dkj.k fo'o esa Hkh çfl¼ gS] bl {ks=k esa v/Z m".k çns'k dh ouLifr;ksa dks ys dj v/Z mPp ioZrh; lqbZnkj iÙkksa okys isM+ksa rd dh lHkh fdLeksa dh taxysa feyrh gS] dqN isM+ksa dh mez gtkj o"kZ ls Hkh vf/d gSA oqFkkbZ'kku ioZr phu esa pkj çeq• ckS¼ ioZr e'kgwj gSa] ftu ds uke gSa oqFkkbZ'kku ioZr] vekbZ ioZr]

iQqFkks ioZr vkSj P;qgok ioZrA dgk tkrk Fkk fd ;s pkj ioZr ckS/ /eZ ds ckSf/Rlo eqatqJh] lkearHkæ] voyksdurs'oj vkSj f{kfrxHkZ ds riL;k LFky FksA bu pkj ioZrksa ds lfn;ksa ls ckS/ /eZ dh laLÑfr ls tqM+us ds lkFk lkFk phu ds çfl¼ n'kZuh; LFky ds uke ls Hkh vR;Ur ukeh gSaA pkj çeq• ckS¼ ioZrksa esa ls oqFkkbZ'kku eè; phu ds 'kkulh çkar esa fLFkr gS] ikap ioZr pksfV;ksa esa pkjksa vksj ls f?kjk gksus okyk ;g igkM+h ?kkVh cgqr lqUnj gS] ikap ioZr pksfV;ksa dk Åijh Hkkx lery vkSj foLr`r gS] ns•us esa feêðh dk fo'kky pcwrjk tku iM+rk gSA ikap lery pksfV;ka Øe'k% iwoZ] if'pe nf{k.k] mÙkj vkSj chp esa fLFkr gksus ds dkj.k mu ds uke Hkh iwohZ pcwrjk] if'peh pcwrjk] nf{k.k pcwrjk] mÙkjh pcwrjk vkSj eè; pcwrjk iM+s] blh ls bl ioZr dks oqFkkbZ'kku vFkkZr ikap pcwrjkvksa okyk igkM+ dgyrk gSA oqFkkbZ'kku ioZr mÙkj phu esa leqæ lrg ls lc ls Åaps LFkku ij fLFkr gSA ckS/ dFkkvksa ds vuqlkj oqFkkbZ'kku dk iqjkuk uke oqiQÄ'kku Fkk] ml le; ogka dk ekSle cgqr •jkc Fkk] tkM+ksa ds fnu dM+kds dh lnhZ gksrh Fkh vkSj olar dky esa rst jsrhyh gok pyrh Fkh vkSj xfeZ;ksa esa Hkwfe rirh lw• iM+rh Fkh] •srksa esa iQly eqf'dy ls mxrh Fkh vkSj fdlkuksa dk thou cgqr nqHkj FkkA ckSf/Rlo eqatqJh ,d fnu mins'k nsus ogka ls xqtjk] ml us ns•k fd LFkkuh; yksx cM+h eqflcr >sy jgs gSa] rks ml us ;gka dk tyokyq cnyus dh Bku yhA eqatqJh dks ekywe Fkk fd iwohZ leqæ ds MªSxu jktk ds ikl ,d fnO; iRFkj gS] tks lw•s ekSle dks vkæZ vkSj lqgkouk cukus dh

'kfÙkQ j•rk gSA rks ml us ,d fHk{kq dk :i /kj.k fy;k vkSj leqæ ds MªSxu jktk ls og iRFkj ekaxus pyk x;kA eqatqJh iwohZ leqæ ds ikl igqapk] rks MªSxu jktk ds egy ds ckgj ,d fojkV iRFkj iM+k ns•k] ikl tkdj rqajr cM+h 'khry ok;q dh ,d rktk ygj eqg ij VDdj vkbZ yxhA eqatqJh us MªSxu jktk ls feyus ds ckn viuh ekax crk;h] ysfdu MªSxu jktk us fou; ls ml dh ekax ls badkj djrs gq, dgk fd /ekZpk;Z th] vki tks Hkh ekaxs] vki dks ns nwaxk] cl ;g iRFkj ugha fn;k tk ldrk gS] D;ksafd og lfn;ksa ds le; yxk dj leqæ ds ry ds Hkhrj ls •ksn dj yk;k x;k gS] tks vlk/kj.k 'khry vkSj rjksoj gS] esjs iq=k jkst ckgj dke ls ykSVus ds ckn bl ij cSB dj xehZ vkSj Fkdku dks feVkrs gSaA vxj vki mls ys x;s] rks iq=kksa ds fy, foJke dk LFkku ugha jgsxkA eqatqJh us MªSxu jktk dks ckj ckj ;g dg dj le>k;k cq>k;k fd og oqiQÄ'kku igkM+ dk fHk{kq gS] ogka ds yksxksa dks eqflcrksa ls mckjus ds fy, ;g iRFkj ekax jgk gSA ysfdu MªSxu jktk eu gh eu bl fnO; iRFkj dks nwljksa dks nsuk ugha pkgrk Fkk] ij eqg ij og eqatqJh dh vkxkg dks nks Bqd badkj ugha dj ldrkA ml us lkspk fd bl cw<k fHk{kq esa ;g cy vo'; ugha gS fd og vdsys bls ys tk,A rks ml us eqatqJh ls dgk fd ;g iRFkj cgqr Hkkjh gS] vxj fcuk fdlh dh enn dh gkyr esa vki mls ys tk lds] rks ys tk,A eqatqJh MªSxu jktk dks /U;kokn nsus ds ckn iRFkj ds ikl vk;k] ml us eqag esa ,d çdkj dk ea=k tik;k] ns•rs gh ns•rs og


fo'kky iRFkj ,d NksVh xksyh esa cny x;kA eqatqJh mls tsc esa Mky dj brehuku ls pyk x;kA MªSxu jktk eqatqJh dh fnO; 'kfÙkQ ij Lrac/ dj vokd jg x;k vkSj mls dqN iNrkok Hkh vk;kA eqatqJh tc oqiQÄ'kku igkM+ ij ykSVk] rks vkdk'k esa lwjt rirh rst fdj.ksa NksM+ jgk Fkk] dkiQh le; ls lw•k iM+ jgk Fkk] tehu iQV dj njkj iM+s vkSj yksx vlguh; foifÙk;ksa ls nfyr jgs FksA eatqJh us ml fnO; iRFkj dks igkM+ksa ds chp ,d oknh esa j•k] {k.k gh esa og dfj'ek lkeus mRiUu gqvk fd oqiQÄ'kku igkM+ ,dk,d cgqr 'khry gks dj ,d lqgkouk igkM+h oknh cu x;kA bl ds ckn ;g oknh 'khry oknh ds uke ls e'kgwj gks x;k] yksxksa us ogka eafnj cuk dj mls 'khry eafnj dk uke Hkh fn;kA oqiQÄ'kku dk uke Hkh cny dj fNaxY;kax'kku ;kuh 'khry igkM+ j•k x;kA rHkh ls oqFkkbZ'kku dks fNaxY;kax'kku Hkh dgykrk gSA oqFkkbZ'kku ioZr phu ds jk"Vªh; Lrj ds n'kZuh; LFkyksa dh lwph esa 'kkfey gqvk gS] ogka ckS/ /kfeZd laLÑfr dk cM+k fodkl gqvk] ikapksa vuks•s ioZr pksfV;ksa ds vklikl cM+h la[;k esa ckS/ eafnj cuk;s x,] vc rd Hkh 42 eafnj lqjf{kr gSa] ftu esa ls ukuNku eB vFkkZr nf{k.kh è;ku eB rFkk iQksDokax eB ;kuh cq¼ fdj.k eB phu ds Fkkax jkT;dky esa fufeZr gq, Fks] tks ,d gtkj rhu lkS lky iqjkuk gSA ;s nksuksa eB phu esa lqjf{kr lc ls iqjkuk dk"B Hkou fuekZ.k gS] ftl ls çkphu phu dh /kfeZd laLÑfr vkSj okLrq dyk ds fodkl dh >yd ns•us dks feyrh gSA oqFkkbZ'kku ioZr esa igkM+h pksfV;ka vkSj pêðkusa vuks•h gSa] p'es vkSj >jus Ba<d vkSj LoPN gS] isM+ ikS/s Nk;snkj gSa] ioZr pksfV;ksa ij ckjgksa ekg ciQZ <adh gqbZ gS] blfy, xfeZ;ksa ds fnu Hkh igkM+h oknh cgqr 'khry vkSj vkjkensg gksrh gSA ykek /eZ dk ;Äg eafnj isbfpax esa cM+h la[;k esa çkphu okLrq fuekZ.k miyC/ gSa] fdUrq ,slk çkphu fuekZ.k dsoy ,d gS] ftl esa gku] eku] eaxksy vkSj frCcr tkfr;ksa dh 'kSyh fefJr gS] og gS ;Äg eafnj ;kuh ykek eafnjA ;Äg eafnj fo'ofo[;kr frCcrh ckS/ /eZ ds eafnjksa esa ls

,d gS] ftl dk {ks=kiQy 60 gtkj oxZ ehVj gS vkSj Hkouksa vkSj dejksa dh la[;k ,d gtkj ls T;knk gSA ;Äg eafnj igys fNax jktoa'k ds e'kgwj lezkV •kaxlh us vius pkSFks iq=k ;upu ds fy, o"kZ 1694 esa cuok;k FkkA o"kZ 1723 esa •kaxlh ds fu/u ds ckn ;upu lezkV dh xíh ij cSB x;k] ml dk ?kj 'kkgh çklkn esa LFkkukarfjr gks x;k vkSj ml ds bl iqjkuk ?kj&;Äg Hkou dk ,d Hkkx 'kkgh Hkou ds :i esa cnyk x;k vkSj nwljk Hkkx rRdkyhu ykek gqFkqdFkq dks frCcrh ykek /eZ ds ihr laçnk; dk eafnj cukus ds fy, HksaV fd;k x;kA ihr laçnk; ykek /eZ dh ,d 'kk•k gS] ml dk laLFkkid yksipkax -tkdck ( lu~ 1357&&1419) us vkB lky dh mez esa ykek /eZ dh nh{kk Lohdkj dh] 17 lky dh mez esa og frCcr esa ykek /eZ ds vè;;u ds fy, pyk x;kA ckn esa ml dh /kfeZd 'kk•k vkxs py dj frCcr esa lÙkk /kjh laçnk; cu x;h] pqafd bl laçnk; ds lHkh lnL; ihys jax ds oL=k igurs Fks] blfy, bls ihr laçnk; ds uke ls dgykrk FkkA ihr laçnk; ds laLFkkid tkdck us ykek /eZ ds lq/kj ds fy, Hkkjh ;ksxnku fd;k Fkk] nykbZ ykek vkSj iapu ykek nksuksa ml ds Js"B psys FksA ;Äg eafnj esa çkphu okLrq fuekZ.k cgqr ls T;knk lqjf{kr gSa] ftu esa rhu dyk vo'ks"k nqyZHk vkSj ewY;oku ekus tkrs gSaA rhu nqyZHk vo'ks"kksa esa ls ,d ikap lkS vgZj igkM+ dk panu dke gS] tks ;Äg eafnj ds /ekZpØ Hkou ds fiNys gky esa lqjf{kr gSA panu dk"B dk ;g rjk'kh dke pkj ehVj Åapk vkSj rhu ehVj yEck gSA panu ydM+h dk jax cSaxuh gS vkSj lq{e rjk'kh ls ,d

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

igkM+ •ksnk x;k gS] bl rjk'kh dke esa 'kkar igkM+h oknh gS] gjsHkjs nsorkj o`{k gSa]lqUnj ixksMk gS] çkphu 'kSyh ds Hkou eaMi gS] xqiQk,a gSa] iRFkj ds iFk gSa] lhf<;ka gSa] iqy gS] tks >jukvksa ls tqM+s gq,s gSaA rjk'kh ds dke lq{;] fp=k lqUnj vkSj vuwBs gSaA igkM+ ij ikap lkS vgZjksa dh NksVh NksVh eqfrZ;ka •ksnh xbZ gSa] tks csgn lq{e vkSj fofo/ ltho eqæk esa thrk tkxrk gksrh gSA ;g eqfrZdyk vkSj rjk'kh dyk dh vn~Hkqr dherh Ñfr gS] cM+s viQlksl dh ckr ;g gS fd dkykarj esa bl dyk Ñfr esa dsoy 449 vgZj eqfrZ;ka jg x;h gSAa ;Äg eafnj esa lqjf{kr nwljk nqyZHk vewY; vo'ks"k eS=ks; dh fo'kky çrhek gS] tks fo'kky cq¼ Hkou esa •M+h gqbZ gSA fo'kky cq¼ Hkou eafnj dk lc ls Åapk eaMi gS] tks rhl ehVj Åapk gS] Hkou ds rhu eaftyk NTts gSa] reke ds reke fuekZ.k ydM+h ds gSa] ckgj ns•us ij Hkou rhu NTtksa okyk fn•rk gS] ij Hkhrj esa uhps ls Åij rd lewpk Hkou ,d eaftyk gS] chp esa liQsn jax ds panu dk"B dh fo'kky eS=ks; çrhek •M+h gS] lewph çrhek 26 ehVj Åaph gS] ftl dk vkB ehVj fupyk Hkkx tehu ds vUnj xM+k;k x;k gSA ckgj 18 ehVj Åaph çrhek tks •M+h gS] ml dk O;kl vkB ehVj pkSM+k gS vkSj ml dk iwjk otu 100 Vu gS] ;g fo'o esa lc ls cM+h ,dy ydM+h dh çrhek gSA o"kZ 1979 esa tc eafnj dk th.kkZs¼kj fd;k tk jgk Fkk] rks irk pyk Fkk fd tehu ds uhps tks vkB ehVj dh panu ydM+h xkM+h xbZ gS] nks lkS lkyksa ds yEcs le; xqtjus ds ckn Hkh vc ydM+h cgqr etcwr vkSj dM+h gS vkSj vPNh rjg lqjf{kr jgh gSA bl ls tkfgj gksrk gS fd

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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phu ds çkphu dykdkj dk"B eqfrZ dyk rFkk dykÑfr laj{k.k ij vuqie Lrj ij igqap x, FksA ;Äg eafnj esa lqjf{kr rhljk nqyZHk vewY; vo'ks"k cq¼ vkyksdu Hkou dh cq¼ eqfrZ gSA bl esa 'kkD;keqfu dh dkaL; eqfrZ gS] eqfrZ ds ihB ihNs vkyksdu vkyk gS] tks vewY; ukaew ydM+h ls lq{; udk'k dj cuk;k x;k gS] udk'kh dk dke vn~Hkqr vkSj vuqie gSA vkyk Hkou ds iQ'kZ ls Åij Nr rd lh/k •M+k gS] tks nks dejksa dh Å¡pkbZ ls Åapk gSA lq;kZLr dh jks'kuh esa dkaL; cq¼ eqfrZ 'kku ls •M+h utj vkrh gS] ml ds flj ds ihNs ihry ds niZ.k vkyksdu rkd ls fdj.kksa dk pkjksa vksj fofdj.k dj nsrs gSa] ftl ls Hkou esa tyrh vej cfÙk;ksa dh jks'kuh feyus ls iwjk Hkou vkyksfdr gks mBrk gSA Hkou esa vkyk nks LraHkksa ij vk/kfjr gS] Åaps fo'kky LraHkksa ij 99 MªSxuksa ds lqugjs fp=k udk'k fd, x, gSa] tks mÙke vkSj thrk tkxrk yxrk gSA ;Äg eafnj esa fofHkUu okLrq fuekZ.kksa dh 'kSyh vkSj lTtk ltkoV Hkh cgqr lqUnj vkSj vuwBs gSA ogka dk /ekZpØ Hkou ØkWl vkdkj esa cuk;k x;k gS] Hkou dh cká Nr frCcrh 'kSyh esa ikap Lof.kZ; ixksMk tSlk fufeZr gqvk gS] tks gku o frCcrh okLrq 'kSyh dk mRÑ"V feJ.k gSA eafnj esa lqjf{kr vkys• LraHkksa ij gku vkSj eku] frCcrh vkSj eaxksy pkj Hkk"kkvksa esa fNax jkT;oa'k ds lezkV ds gkFkksa fy•k ykek dk bfrgkl vafdr gS] bl ls fNax jktoa'k dh /kfeZd uhfr vfHkO;ÙkQ gqbZ gS vkSj phu dh fofHkUu tkfr;ksa dh ,drk O;ÙkQ gksrh gSA ;Äg eafnj o"kZ 1981 ls phuh vkSj fons'kh yksxksa ds fy, •ksyk x;k] rc ls gj lky dksbZ lkS yk• yksx eafnj dk n'kZu djus vkSj iwtk djus vkrs gSaA vkt dk ;Äg eafnjk ckS/ /eZ dk rhFkZ LFky gksus ds lkFk gku] eku] frCcr rFkk eaxksy tkfr;ksa dh dyk •tkuk cu x;kA ;qudkax xqiQk ;qudkax xqiQk mÙkj phu ds 'kkulh çkar ds rkrqÄ 'kgj ds if'pe esa 16 fdyksehVj nwj fLFkr oqpkvks igkM+ dh nf{k.kh rygVh esa gSA bl xqiQk lewg dh •qnkbZ dk dke mÙkjh oqbZ jktoa'k ds f'kÄvku dky ds nwljs lky ;kuh bZlk 453 esa 'kq: gqvk Fkk] vf/dka'k dke mÙkjh oqbZ jktoa'k dh jkt/kuh yks;kax

esa LFkkukarfjr gksus ls igy (bZlk 494) esa iwjk gks x;k] xqiQk lewg esa cq¼ dh eqfrZ;ka cukus dk dke bl jktoa'k ds pÄDokax dky (bZlk 520&&525) rd tkjh jgkA ;g xqiQk lewg igkM+h <yku ij cuk;k x;k gS]tks iwoZ if'pe dh fn'kk esa dksbZ ,d fdyksehVj yEck iQSyk gSA xqiQk ns•us esa cgqr vkyh'kku vkSj fo'kky gS] xqiQkvksa esa fufeZr dyk Ñfr;ka cs'kekj gS] vkt rd Hkh 45 xqiQk,a] nks lkS 52 vkys rFkk 51 gtkj eqfrZ;ka lqjf{kr gSa] lc ls cM+h cq¼ eqfrZ 17 ehVj Åaph gS vkSj lc ls NksVh okyh dsoy dqN lsaVhehVjA xqiQkvksa esa ckSf/Rloksa] otz/jksa vkSj mM+u ifj;ksa dh rLohjsa vR;Ur ltho gS vkSj çLrj LraHkksa ij rjk'k dh dyk Ñfr;ka lw{e vkSj thrk tkxrk gSA bu dyk Ñfr;ksa esa phu ds fNu vkSj gku jktoa'kksa ( bZlkiwoZ 221&&bZLoh 220 ) dh oLrqoknh dyk fof/ fojklr esa viuk;h xbZ Fkh vkSj Loh o Fkkax jktoa'kksa (bZlk 581&&907) dh jksekfVd dyk ijEijk dk Jhx.ks"k fd;k x;kA ;qudkax xqiQk dkalw çkar ds Roqugqax dh edkvks xqiQk rFkk guku çkar dh yqÄeu xqiQk dks feyk dj phu dk f=k egk xqiQk lewg dgk tkrk gS] tks fo'ofo[;kr çLrj dyk •tkuk dgykrk gSA ;qudkax xqiQk dh cq¼ eqfrZ;ka fo"k;oLrq dh n`f"V ls fofo/ vkSj çpwj gSa] ns•us esa HkO; vkSj fnO; yxrh gSa] tks ikapoha 'krkCnh dh phu dh çLrj eqfrZ dyk dh pksVh dh Ñfr ekuh tkrh gS vkSj çkphu phu dh eqfrZ dyk dk •tkuk ls lEekfur gSA bl xqiQk lewg dk fuekZ.k dke iwoZorhZ] eè; o mÙkj rhu dkyksa esa caVk gqvk Fkk] fofHkUu dkyksa esa fufeZr xqiQkvksa dh 'kSyh Hkh vyx

vyx gksrh gSAiwoZorhZ dky esa •ksnh xbZ çHkqçdk'k uke dh iap xqiQk,a vn~Hkqr egku vkSj fnO; fn•rh gSa] bl çdkj dh eqfrZ dyk esa if'peh {ks=k dh vkstLoh vkSj lgtrk dh fo'ks"krk çfrfcafcr gksrh gS] eè; dky esa •ksnh xbZ xqiQkvksa dh fo'ks"krk rjk'k dk dke lw{e vkSj ckjhdh gksus esa ik;h tkrh gS] ltkoV lqUnj vkSj pedhyk gS vkSj dyk fof/ ifjorZu'khy gS] ftl esa mÙkjh oqbZ jkT;dky dh oSHko rFkk vkyadkfjrk dh dyk 'kSyh vfHkO;ÙkQ gksrh gSA mÙkj dky esa •ksnh xbZ xqiQk,a vkdkj çdkj esa NksVh gks xbZ] ij mu esa cuk;h xbZ ekuo dh vkÑfr lqUnj vkSj lqMkSy gS vkSj 'kjhj dk vuqikr lVhd gS] bl çdkj dh dyk 'kSyh mÙkj phu dh xqiQk dyk dh felky cu xbZ vkSj lqMkSy vkSj rh{.k ekuo rLohj cukus okyh dyk ijEijk dk çkjafHkd :i FkkA bu ds vykok ;qudkax xqiQk esa tks urZdksa vkSj uV ukVdksa ds rjk'kh fp=k lqjf{kr jgs gSa] mu esa ls rRdky esa ckS/ /eZ ds yksdfç; gksus rFkk mÙkjh oqbZ jktoa'k ds lkekftd thou dh >yd feyrh gSA ;qudkax xqiQk esa lfp=k :i ls ckS/ dyk ds Hkkjr vkSj eè; ,f'k;k ls phu esa fodflr gksus dk ,frgkfld fodkl Øe vafdr gqvk Fkk vkSj phu esa ckS/ /eZ dh eqfrZ dyk dk phuhdj.k rFkk /eZfujis{k gksus dh çfØ;k çfrfcafcr gqbZ gSA ckS/ /eZ dh vusdksa eqfrZ dyk 'kSfy;ksa dk ;qudkax xqiQk esa vHkwriwoZ foy; gks x;k vkSj bl ls ;qudkax 'kSyh dk tUe gqvk] tks phu dh ckS/ eqfrZ dyk dh ubZ l`tu dh 'kq:vkrh cu xbZA Roqugqax dh edkvks xqiQk vkSj yqÄeu xqiQk ds mÙkjh oqbZ jkT;dkyhu eqfrZ


dyk ij ;qudkax dk Li"V çHkko iM+k FkkA ;qudkax xqiQk xqiQk dyk dk phuhdj.k gksus dh 'kq:vkr Fkh] ml ds eè; dky dh xqiQkvksa esa phuh uktegy dh LFkkiR; dyk dk çHkko iM+k Fkk] bl ls vkxs py dj ckS/ eqfrZ dyk esa phuh 'kSyh dk vkyk vfLrRo esa vk;k vkSj bl 'kSyh dk mÙkjorhZ dkyksa esa xqiQkvksa vkSj eafnjksa ds fuekZ.k esa O;kid ç;ksx fd;k x;kA;qudkax ds mÙkj dky esa xqiQk ds Hkhrjh foU;kl vkSj ltkoV esa phuh okLrq dyk dk xk<+k çHkko iM+rk Fkk] bl ls ;g tkfgj gS fd ckS/ /eZ dh dyk phu ds :i esa xgu :i ls fodflr gks xbZ FkhA ;qudkax xqiQk o"kZ 2001 ds iQjojh ekg esa fo'o fojklr lwph esa 'kkfey dh xbZA fo'o fojklr desVh dk ewY;kadu gS fd 'kkulh çkar ds rkrqÄ 'kgj esa fLFkr ;qudkax xqiQk ikapoha vkSj NBh 'krkfCn;ksa dh phu dh mÙke ckS/ xqiQk dyk dk çfrfuf/Ro djrh gSA xqiQk lewg dh çHkqçdk'k rkjk uke dh ikap xqiQk,a fMtkbu] foU;kl rFkk fuekZ.k esa ifjÑ"V vkSj ,dhÑr gS vkSj phuh ckS?k dyk ds çFke mRd"kZ fodkl dky dh vlk/kj.k Ñfr gSA yq'kku ioZr dh dgkuh nf{k.k phu ds P;kaxlh çkar esa •M+k yq'kku ioZr vius vuwBs çkÑfrd lkSan;Z ls fo'ofo[;kr gS] ftl ds ckjs esa çkphu dky ls gh cM+h ek=kk esa fdonafr;ka çpfyr jghA yq'kku ioZr nf{k.k phu ds P;kaxlh çkar ds mÙkjh Hkkx esa fLFkr gS] tks vkyh'kku] vuks•k] •rjukd vkSj lkSe; gksus ds dkj.k ns'k fons'k esa e'kgwj gSA çkphu dky ls vc rd cM+h la[;k esa lkaLÑfrd gfLr;ksa us ioZr esa vk vk dj dykl`f"V dh] mu dh dforkvksa vkSj fp=kksa us yq'kku ioZr dks ,d ifo=k LFky dk :i ns fn;kA bZLoh vkBoha 'krkCnh ds Fkkax jktoa'k ds egku dfo yh ikbZ us yq'kku ioZr ds tyçikr ds lkSan;Z ds o.kZu esa tks dfork fy•h Fkh] og lfn;ksa ls phu esa yksdfç; jgh vkSj çfl¼ jghA dfork bl çdkj dh gS% lq;Z dh fdj.k iM+h gS / wicÙkh ik=k ij] gYdk gYdk mB iM+k gS cSaxuh /qavka Åij dh vksj] nwj nwj ls ml dh vksj fuxkg nkSM+k] lh/h pêðku ij ls Vidk tyçikr vuks•kA osx xfr ls cgrk gS ekuks vkleku ls] miQurh iQqVokjk NksM+rh rhu gtkj xt] yxrk lHkh dks og xaxk vkdk'k

gks] LoxZ ds ukSosa yksd ls vk;k gS bl ioZr ijA phu ds lqu jktoa'k (bZLoh 960&&1127) ds lqçfl¼ lkfgR;dkj lq rqaxiks us vusd ckj yq'kku ioZr dk nkSjk fd;k] ioZr dh if'peh pêðku ds o.kZu esa ml us tks dfork fy•h Fkh] ml esa nk'kZfud fopkj fufgr gS vkSj vkt rd phfu;ksa }kjk vius ys•u esa ç;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA dfork dk vFkZ gS% bl rjiQ ls ns•s] curh gS pêðku ogh] ml rjiQ ns•s] mHkjrh gS pksVh ;gh] nwj nwj dk uhpk NksVk] utnhd okyk Åapk fn•rkA ugha tku ldrk gS yq'kku dk psgjk vlyh] fdUrq le> vkrk gS blh ioZr esa lekxr gS ge lPpA bl nk'kZfud rdZ fufgr dfork us yq'kku ioZr dks vkSj jgL;e; cuk;k gSA yq'kku dk nwljk uke gS [okax'kku] dgk tkrk gS fd bZlk iwoZ pkSFkh 'krkCnh esa pks jktoa'k ds ,d Jheku [okax 'kq ds uke ls e'kgwj Fkk] og o"kks± ls yq'kku ioZr esa rkvks /eZ ds vykSfdd dke dh •kst esa tqVk FkkA pks jktoa'k ds jktk dks [okax 'kq dh ;ksX;rk dh •cj feyh] rks ml us [okax 'kq dks cqykok ds fy, vkneh HkstkA ysfdu •okax 'kq us gj ckj jktk ds fuea=k.k dks vLohdkjk vkSj og ioZr ds xgu oknh esa Hkh tk NqisA ckn esa [okax 'kq dk vrk irk Hkh ugha jgk] yksx dgrs Fks fd og nsork cu dj vn`'; gks x;k FkkA ml dh ;kn esa yq'kku dks [okax 'kku ds uke ls Hkh dgykus yxkA bZLoh 381 esa phu ds iwohZ P;su jktoa'k ds dky esa /ekZpk;Z Þoh;qu vius psyksa ds lkFk yq'kku ioZr esa vk,A LFkkuh; inkf/dkjh dh enn esa Þoh ;qu us rqaxfyu eB cuk;k] tks vkxs py dj ckS/ /eZ ds

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

egk;ku dh ,d eq[; 'kk•k && lq•oVh laçnk; dk tUe LFky cu x;kA bl rjg yq'kku Hkh nf{k.k phu esa ckS/ /eZ dk çeq• dsUæ cu x;kA /ekZpk;Z Þoh;qu us yq'kku ioZr esa 38 lky rd riL;k fd;k] ml us dM+kbZ ls ckS/ /eZ ds fofHkUu 'khyksa dk ikyu fd;k vkSj xgjh flf¼ Hkh çkIr dhA rqaxfyu eB vkSj /ekZpk;Z Þoh;qu ds laca/ esa vkt rd /kfeZd txr esa cgqr ls fnyd'k dFkk,a çpfyr gSA dgk tkrk Fkk fd rqaxfyu eB ds fuekZ.k esa lkexzh vi;kZIr gksus dh leL;k dks lqy>kus esa Þoh;qu jkst fnekx •ikrk jgkA vpkud ,d jkr vkdk'k esa fctyh pedh vkSj eqlyk/kj o"kkZ gqbZ] lHkh yksx dejksa esa :d dj ckgj ugha tk ik,A nwljs fnu o"kkZ Fkeh] ckny NaV x;k] tehu ij ikuh dk ,d rkykc cu dj utj vk;k] ikuh ij cM+h ek=kk esa ydM+h frjrh jghA Þoh;qu le>rk Fkk fd ;s ydM+h nsork }kjk rqaxfyu eB ds fuekZ.k ds fy, igqapk;h xbZ FkhA bu ydfM+;ksa ls eB dk ,d HkO; Hkou cuk;k x;kA Þoh;qu us bl Hkou dk uke fnO; ifjogZu Hkou rFkk ml rkykc dk uke ydM+h rkykc j•sA rqaxfyu eB ds lkeus dey dk ,d rkykc gS] rkykc esa ikuh LoPN] ygjnkj gS] gjs gjs iÙkksa ds chp liQsn dey ds iQqy >kadrs gSa] okrkoj.k vR;Ur 'kkar vkSj lqUnj gSA dgk tkrk gS fd liQsn dey dk ;g rkykc iwohZ P;su jktdky ds e'kgwj dfo ';s fyaxÕosu us •qnok;k FkkA ';s fyaxÕosu iwohZ P;su jktoa'k ds lqçfl¼ jktuhfrK ';su 'oku dk ijiksrk Fkk vkSj phu ds lqçfl¼ fyfidkj okax f'kth dk Hkrhtk FkkA og çfrHkk'kkyh vkSj •eaMh Hkh FkkA ,d ckj og

21


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

22 yq'kku ioZr vk;k vkSj /ekZpk;Z Þoh;qu ds usr`Ro okys liQsn dey la?k esa Hkkx ysuk pkgrk FkkA ysfdu Þoh ;qu us ml dk vkosnu Lohdkj ugha fd;kA ml us ';s fyaxÕosu ls dgk fd rqEgkjk LokHkko ispnk gS] csgrj gS fd rqe igys rhu rkykc •ksns] tc rqEgkjk â| dey dh Hkkafr 'kq¼ vkSj 'kkar cu x;k] rc rqe la?k esa 'kkfey gksA ukpkj gks dj ';s fyaxÕosu dks rhu rkykck •ksnuk iM+kA blh ds ckn og liQsn dey la?k esa nkf•y gks x;kA Þoh ;qu vkSj ';s fyaxÕosu esa Kku ij xgu :i esa ckrphr gqbZ vkSj nksuksa esa xk<+k nksLrh dk;e gqbZA Þoh ;qu ds egkfuokZ.k ij ';s fyaxÕosu dks csgn nq• gqbZ] ml us nwj P;ku •kax ls yq'kku vk dj Þoh ;qu dh Le`fr esa lekf/ dk vkys• fy•kA yq'kku ioZr esa phu dh lfn;ksa iqjkuh lkaLÑfrd ijEijk xfHkZr jgrh gS vkSj vlk/ kj.k lqUnj çkÑfrd n`'; feyrk gS] og phu ds çeq• n'kZuh; {ks=kksa esa ,d çeq• lFky gSA yqÄeu xqiQk yqÄeu xqiQk eè; phu ds guku çkar ds yks;kax 'kgj ds nf{k.k esa 12-5 fdyksehVj nwj yqÄeu ?kkVh dh nksuksa vksj lh/h •M+h pêðkuksa ij vofLFkr gSA ;gka ?kkVh ds nksuksa fdukjksa ij nks igkM+ •M+s gSa] ftl ds chp bZLoh unh cgrh gqbZ xqtj jgh gS] nwj ls ns•us esa og ,d cM+k lk }kj •qyk tku iM+rk gS] vr% ;g LFkku bZLoh }kj ds uke ls tks 'kq: esa e'kgwj Fkk] phu ds Fkkax jktoa'k ds ckn ml dk uke cny dj yqÄeu dgykus yxk] phuh Hkk"kk esa yqÄ eu dk vFkZ gS MªSxu dk

}kjA yqÄeu ns'k ds çeq• jkt ekxZ ij gS] ;gka ekSle lqgkouk gksrk gS vkSj çkÑfrd n`'; vR;Ur lqUnj gS] çkphu dky ls gh og dykdkjksa vkSj lkfgR;dkjksa dk euilan i;ZVu LFky jgkA yqÄeu esa igkM+h pêðkuksa dk iRFkj xq.koÙkk esa cf<;k vkSj dM+k gS]tks çLrj rjk'k ds dkfcyk gS];gh ij çkphu dky esa ckS/ /eZ dh xqiQk •ksnh xbZA yqÄeu xqiQk phu ds dkalw çkar ds Roqugqax dh edkvks xqiQk vkSj 'kkulh çkar ds rkFkÄ dh ;qUdkax xqiQk ds lkFk fey dj phu dh f=k çLrj eqfrZ dyk •tkuk ekuk tkrk gSA yÄeu xqiQk dh •qnkbZ mÙkjh oqbZ jktoa'k ds jktk ';ksoqurh ds 'kklu dky ( bZLoh 386&&512) esa vkjaHk gqbZ Fkh] yxkrkj pkj lkS lkyksa ds ckn xqiQkvksa dk lewg :i ys dj iwjk fuekZ.k lekIr gks x;kA ;g xqiQk lewg vc rd ,d gtkj ikap lkS lky iqjkuk gks x;k gSA yqÄeu xqiQk lewg mÙkj nf{k.k esa ,d fdyksehVj yEck gS] ftl esa vc ,d gtkj rhu lkS ls vf/d xqiQk,a lqjf{kr gSa] ftu esa nks gtkj rhu lkS 45 vkys] rhu gtkj NS lkS ls T;knk f'kykys•] ipkl ls T;knk Lrwi] 98 gtkj ls vf/r cq¼ eqfrZ;ka miyC/ gSaA xqiQk lewg esa fiu;kaxpqax xqiQk] iQÄ';ku eB rFkk dq;kax xqiQk çrhd okyk xqiQk gSA fiu;kaxpqax xqiQk mÙkjh oqbZ jkT;dky ( 386&&512) dk çfrfufuf/Ro j•us okyh xqiQk Ñfr gS] bl dh •qnkbZ esa 24 lky dk yEck le; yxk Fkk] ;g le; ogka dh fdlh vU; xqiQk ds fuekZ.k le; ls vf/d Fkk] xqiQk esa 11 cM+h cM+h cq¼ eqfrZ;ka •ksnh

xbZ] eq[; çrhek 'kkD;equh dk eq•M+k lkSE; vkSj lw{e gS] tks vuUr 'kkafr dh eqæk esa gS] ;g eqfrZ mÙkjh oqbZ jT;dky ds ekè;fed dky dh mRÑ"V eqfrZ dyk Ñfr gSA 'kkD;equh çrhek ds f'kykU;kl ij nks 'kfÙkQoku ik"kk.k flag •qns gS] çrhek ds nksuksa cxy esa cq¼ ds nks f'k"; rFkk nks ckSf/Rlo •M+s gSa] nksuksa ckSf/Rlo eqLdku dh eqæk esa cgqr 'khyoku vkSj Lusgh yxrs gSaA bl xqiQk esa cM+h la[;k esa ckSf/Rloksa vkSj cq¼ f'k";ksa }kjk cq¼ dk mins'k lquus dh mHkjka rLohjsa rjk'kh xbZ gSa] tks vR;Ur thrk tkxrk gksrh gSA xqiQk dh Hkhrjh Nr ij mM+uijh fp=k cgqr ltho gksrk gSA iQÄ';ku eB yqÄeu xqiQk lewg dh lc ls cMh xqiQk gS] og Fkkax jkT;dky (bZLoh 618&&904) dh çLrj eqfrZ dyk dk çfrfuf/Ro j•us okyh Ñfr gSA ;g xqiQk yEckbZ vkSj pkSM+kbZ esa rhl rhl ehVj cM+h gSA iQÄ';ku eB dk eqfrZ lewg ,d veksy Js"B dyk Ñfr gS] ftl esa oSjkspu dh eqfrZ pksVh dh mRÑ"V dyk Ñfr fl¼ gqbZ gS] oSjkspu dh ;g eqfrZ 17 ehVj Åaph gS] lqMkSy] lq'khy vkSj cM+h ltho yxrh gSA ml ds cqf¼eku us=k FkksM+s uhps dh vksj fugkjrs gSa] tks Åij dh vksj rkdus okys n'kZdksa dh utj ls tk feyrh gS] bl ls n'kZdksa ds fny dks çHkkfor fd tk ldrk gS vkSj ,d çdkj dh dykRed eksgd 'kfÙkQ iSnk gksrh gSA dq;kax xqiQk yqÄeu xqiQk lewg dh ,d ,slh xqiQk gS] ftl dk fuekZ.k lc ls igys 'kq: fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj ftl esa lqjf{kr dyk ?kjksgj lc ls T;knk gSaA dq;kax xqiQk Hkh mÙkjh oqbZ jkT; dky esa •ksnh xbZ Fkh] ml esa cM+h ek=kk esa cq¼ dh efrZ;ka miyC/ gSa] fofHkUu eqfrZ;ksa ds lanHkZ esa vkys• Hkh fey ldrs gSa] ftu esa eqfrZ fuekZrkvksa ds uke] fuekZ.k dh frfFk vkSj fuekZ.k dk dkj.k mfYyf•r gSaA ;s lkexzh mÙkjh oqbZ jktoa'k dh fyfi dyk o eqfrZ dyk ij vuqla/ku ds fy, cgqr ewY;oku gSA phu ds fyfi dyk bfrgkl esa ehy iRFkj dk egRo j•us okyh yqÄeu dh 12 egku Ñfr;ka blh xqiQk esa lqjf{kr gSaA yqÄeu dh 12 fyfi dyk Ñfr;ka mÙkjh oqbZ jktoa'k dh f'kykys• dyk fo'ks"k dk çfrfuf/Ro djrh gSa] bu fyfi Ñfr;ksa esa v{kj lqxfBr] lq:i] rst 'kfÙkQ ls vyaÑr gSA ;s fyfi Ñfr;ka yqÄeu xqiQk lewg dh


f'kykys• dyk dh vrwY; jpuk,a gSa] tks lfn;ksa ls yksdfç; vkSj loZekU; pyh vkrh gSA yqÄeu xqiQk esa cM+h rknkn esa /eZ] yfyr dyk] fyfi dyk] laxhr] oL=k vkHkw"k.k] nok vkS"kf/] LFkkiR; rFkk phu o fons'kksa ds chp ;krk;kr ekxZ ds ckjs esa lanHkZ lkexzh vkSj Bksl phtsa lqjf{kr gSa] blfy, mls çLrj eqfrZ dyk dk ,d fo'kky laxzgky; Hkh dgk tk ldrk gSA yqÄeu xqiQk 30 uoEcj 2000 dks fo'o lkaLÑfrd fojklr p;u ekinaM ds vuqlkj fo'o fojklr lwph esa 'kkfey dh xbZA fo'o fojklr desVh us bl dk bu 'kCnksa esa ewY;kadu fd;k fd yqÄeu {ks=k dh xqiQkvksa vkSj cq¼ eqfrZ;ksa ls phu ds mÙkjh oqbZ jktoa'k ds mÙkj dky ls Fkkax jkT;dky rd (bZLoh 493&&907) dh lc ls cM+s iSekus okyh loZJs"B eqfrZ dyk n`f"Vxkspj gksrh gSA ckS/ /eZ dh dgkuh crkus okyh ;s dyk Ñfr;ka phu dh çLrj eqfrZ dyk dh mPpre pksVh dk çfrfuf/Ro djrh gSaA ;ax dkÅaVh dk dk"B ixksM+k phu ds fofHkUu LFkkuksa esa gtkjksa ixksMk miyC/ gSaA ckS/ /eZ Hkkjr ls phu vk;k gS] ij phu esa ckS¼ Lrwi dh txg fufeZr ixksMk dh fuekZ.k 'kSyh esa phu dh ijEijkxr okLrq fo'ks"krk dk feJ.k gqvk gS] ftl ls phuh 'kSyh ds ixksMk fofo/ :iksa esa fey ldrs gSaA mÙkj phu ds 'kkulh çkar dh ;ax dkÅaVh esa fLFkr cq¼ fogkj esa •M+k ixksMk ;ax dkÅaVh ds dk"B ixksMk ds uke ls e'kgwj gSA ;g ixksMk dk fuekZ.k o"kZ 1056 ds Y;kvks jkT; dky ds 'kq:vkrh dky esa 'kq: gqvk Fkk] 140 lky ckn ixksMk dk reke dke iwjk gks x;kA ydM+h dk ;g Åapk ixksMk pkj ehVj Åaps f'kyk/kj ij •M+k gS] ydM+h dk ixksMk 70 ehVj Åapk gS] ftl dh ryh eafty dk O;kl 30 ehVj pkSM+k gS] iwjs ixksMk ds fuekZ.k esa yky jax ds nsonkj isM+ ds rhu gtkj ?ku ehVj dh ydM+h dk ç;ksx fd;k x;k] tks 3000 Vu Hkkjh gSA ;ax dkÅaVh dk dk"B ixksMk cukus esa phu ds gku jkT; dky( bZlk iwoZ 206&&bZLoh 220) vkSj Fkkax jkT; dky ( bZLoh 618&&907) esa çpfyr nksgjs NTtksa okyh okLrq 'kSyh viuk;h xbZ gS] ixksMk dk fMtkbu oSKkfud o lq{e gS rFkk ixksMk dh

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

23 lajpuk vuqie o tfVy gSA lewph ixksMk v"Bdks.k gS] ckgj ls ns•us ij ml dh egt ikap eaftysa fn•kbZ nsrh gSa] vly esa ixksMk ds Hkhrj vn`'; eaftyk cuk;h tkus ds dkj.k okLro esa bl dh ukS eaftysa gksrh gSaA gj eafty esa ydM+h ds LraHkksa ls ixksMk dks etcwr fd;k tkrk gS] ckgj vkSj vUnj dqy 32 fo'kky dk"B LraHk •M+s fd, x,] vkSj LraHkksa ds chp /juksa vkSj Vsdksa ls fofHkUu fn'kkvksa esa tksM+k x;k vkSj cgqr isphnk dk"B lajpuk cu xbZA ixksMk ds Hkhrjh fuekZ.kksa dks tksM+ksa vkSj /juksa dh tky ls ,d lewpk dke esa cuk;k x;kA gj eafty v"Bdks.k gksrh gS] ixksMk dh Åijh Nr yksg ls v"Bdks.k esa fuferZ gqbZ gS vkSj f'kyk/kj deyklu gS] ixksMk /ekZpØ] vfXu lwpd] /kfeZd cksry rFkk eksrh ls ltk gS] tks ns•us esa cM+k 'kku xaHkhj fn•rk gSA ixksMk dh NTtksa ij NksVh NksVh ?kafV;ka yVdkbZ gqbZ gSa] tks gok ds >Vds esa lqjhyh vkokt nsrh gSaA ixksMk dk iwjk dke vkyh'kku vkSj egku Hkh gS vkSj lq{e vkSj mRÑ"V Hkh gSA ;ax dkÅaVh ds bl ixksMk ds fuekZ.k ds ckn fiNys ukS lkS ls vf/d lkyksa esa ogka dbZ ckj Hkkjh Hkwadi vk;k Fkk] ij ixksMk ogh tl ls rl •M+k jgkA ,frgkfld mYys• ds vuqlkj ixksMk ds fuekZ.k ds ckn rhu lkS lky esa ;ax dkÅaVh esa rhozrk ds 6-5 ntZs dk Hkwdai vk;k vkSj yxkrkj lkr fnu rd Hkwpky ds >Vds Hkh pys] ixksMk ds vklikl ds lHkh edku <g iM+s Fks] ij dk"B dk ;g ixksMk iwjh vPNh rjg lqjf{kr jgkA vk/qfud ;qx esa ;ax dkÅaV ds fudV Hkh Hk;adj Hkwdai vk;s] ysfdu mu ls Hkh ixksMk dks uqdlku

ugha igqapkA ;q¼ksa ds le; ;ax dkÅaVh ds bl dk"B ixksMk ij nks lkS xksys yxs Fks] ysfdu ml dk lewpk <kapk cckZn ugha gqvkA phu esa cgqr ls çkphu ixksMk vklekuh fctyh fxjus ls cckZn gq, Fks] ;ax dkÅaVh ds ixksMk ij Hkh fctyh fxjh Fkh] ysfdu mls {kfr ugha igqaphA bu lHkh çdkj dh foifÙk;ksa ls ;ax dkÅaVh dk dk"B ixksMk dSlk cp x;k] pqafd ixksMk dk <kapk dM+s oSKkfud fMtkbu ls cuk;k x;k gSA elyu~ dk"B ixksMk cgq ryksa vkSj eaftyksa esa cuk;k x;k] ftl ls ixksMk dh Hkwdai ds >Vds dh jks/d {kerk mUur gks x;hA ixksMk ,slh ydM+h ls cuk;k x;k gS] ftl dh xq.koÙkk yphyk gS] ftl dk vkdkj cká 'kfÙkQ ds ncko ls Hkh eqf'dy ls foÑr gksrk gSA ixksMk esa cM+h rknkn esa tksM+ksa] /juksa] Vsdksa vkSj NTtksa dk ç;ksx fd;k x;k] ftl ls cká 'kfÙkQ ds ncko dks lgus dh 'kfÙkQ c<+ xbZ gSA ;ax dkÅaVh ds dk"B ixksMk dh cká Nr ij yksg dk eksVh lqbZ :ih ltkoV gS] tks 14 ehVj yEch gS] ml ls tqM+s ixksMk ds Hkhrj vkB yksg taftj Hkh yxk;s x,] tks tehu ds uhps xM+s gSaA bl dke ls ixksMk dh cká Nr lqUnj lTtk Hkh gqbZ vkSj fctyh fxj iM+us ij ixksMk dks Hkh cpk;k tk ldrk gSA ;ax dkÅaVh dk dk"B ixksMk fo'o esa lqjf{kr lc ls v•aM] vuwBh lajpuk rFkk lqUnj cká vkdkj okyk çkphu Åapk fuekZ.k gSA bl ls tkfgj gksrk gS fd çkphu phuh f'kYih okLrq foKku ij vPNh rjg vf/dkj dj egku dfj'ek dj ldrs FksA


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

24

Hkxoku cq¼ vkSj vorkjokn dk v/kwjk lR; #

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vxj bZekunkjh ls Hkxoku cq¼ dks fo".kq dk vorkj ekuk x;k gksrk rks gj eafnj esa vkt mudh ewfrZ gksrh A ysfdu ,slk D;wa gS fd Hkxoku cq¼ dks fgUnw /eZ esa iw.kZ #i ls Lohdkj ugh fd;k x;k A fgUnw iqjk.kksa es bls bl rjhds ls is'k fd;k x;k gS ftls T;knkrj ckS¼ vLohdk;Z vkSj csgn vfç; ekurs gSaA

izHkkr VUMu

;g vthc lk fojks/kHkkl gS fd ,d rjiQ rks fgUnw /eZ es Hkxoku cq¼ dks fo".kq dk uaok vorkj ekuk tkrk gSa vkSj nwljh rjiQ fgUnw efUnjksa esa cq¼ dh ewfrZ dks <w¡< ikuk ,d nqyZHk dk;Z gS A fiN~ys lky gfj}kj vkSj nsgkjnwu ls ykSVrs le; esjs eu es ;gh fopkj meMrs jgs A mu fnuksa gfj}kj es dksbZ ckS¼ lEesyu py jgk Fkk A ykSVrs le; esjh eqykdkr Vªsu esa ftu efgyk ls gq;h ] og Hkh mlh lEesyu dk fgLlk Fkh A cukjl dh jgus okyh Jherh ekyrh frokjh lkjukFk esa dsUæh; frCcrh vè;Uu fo'ofo|ky; ( central University of Tibetan Studies (CUTS) ] Sarnath ) esa vè;kiu dk;Z djrh gSa A cq¼ /Ee es mudh xgu #fp Fkh vkSj ckrksa gh ckrksa eas Kkr gqvk fd mudk 'kks/ dk;Z Mka vEcsM~dj vkSj ckS¼ /eZ ij dsfUær Fkk A ysfdu esjs bl ç'u ij og pqi jgh A xr o"kZ gh nhikoyh ds vxys fnu JkoLrh tkus dk vpkud çksxzke cu x;k A JkoLrh ls ykSVrs le; cyjkeiqj esa ækSinh efUnj es Hkxoku cq¼ dh ewfrZ dks ns•dj eS vpjt es iM x;kA Åij dk ;g fp=k mlh efUnj ls gh gSA vorkjokn dh ;g fiQyksliQh esjs eu es dHkh Hkh ewrZ #i u ys ikbZ A vxj bZekunkjh ls Hkxoku cq¼ dks fo".kq dk vorkj ekuk x;k gksrk rks gj eafnj esa vkt mudh ewfrZ gksrh A ysfdu ,slk D;wa gS fd Hkxoku cq¼ dks fgUnw /eZ esa iw.kZ #i ls Lohdkj ugh fd;k x;k A fgUnw iqjk.kksa es bls bl rjhds ls is'k fd;k x;k gS ftls T;knkrj ckS¼ vLohdk;Z vkSj csgn vfç; ekurs gSaA dqN iqjk.kksa esa ,slk dgk x;k gS fd Hkxoku fo".kq us cq¼ vorkj blfy;s fy;k Fkk ftlls fd oks ¶>wBs mins'k¸ iQSykdj ¶vlqjksa¸ dks lPps oSfnd /eZ ls nwj dj ldsa] ftlls nsork muij thr gkfly dj ldsaA bldk eryc gS fd cq¼ rks ¶nsork¸ gSa] ysfdu muds mins'k >wBs vkSj <ksax gSaA ;s ckS¼ksa ds fo'okl ls ,dne mYVk gS% ckS¼ xkSre cq¼ dks dksbZ vorkj ;k nsork ugha ekurs] ysfdu muds mins'kksa dks lR; ekurs

gSaA dqN fgUnw ys•dksa (tSls t;nso) us ckn esa ;g Hkh dgk gS fd cq¼ fo".kq ds vorkj rks gSa] ysfdu fo".kq us ;s vorkj >wB dk çpkj djus ds fy;s ugha cfYd vU/k/qU/ deZdk.M vkSj oSfnd i'kqcfy jksdus ds fy;s fd;k FkkA ysfdu fiQj lp D;k gS \ D;k ;g czkgE.oknh ekufldrk dk ckS¼ n'kZu dks lks•us dh ,d pky Fkh \ laHkor% ;g gh lp gS !! exj dSls \ Jh vkyksd dqekj ik.Ms; dh iqLrd ] ¶ çkphu Hkkjr ¸ tks eSus vHkh gky gh es fiQYidkMZ ls e¡xkbZ Fkh ] bl fo"k; ij dkiQh çdk'k Mkyrh gS A vkyksd th tks lu 2002 cSp ds vkbZ,,l gSa ] mUgksus fu"i{k #i ls bldh foospuk dh gS A vki fy•rs gSa ] yxHkx N~Bh bZ-iw- esa xaxk ?kkVh esa jgus okyksa ds /kfeZd thou es vusdksa ifjorZu ns•us dks feysA rRdkyhu ijEijkoknh czkgE.k /kfeZd O;oLFkk ds fojks/ es yksx mB •Ms gq;s rFkk vkUnksyu dk Lo#i bruk rhoz gks mBk fd bZ'oj dh lÙkk rd dks vLohdkj djus okys lEçnk; ,oa er vfLrRo esa vk;s A rRdkyhu xzaFkksa esa yxHkx 62 eq[; vkSj vusd NksVs&NksVs /kfeZd lEçnk;ksa dk ifjp; feyrk gS tks bl

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ckr dk ifjpk;d gS fd /eZ dh tMrk ds fo"k; es fdruk vlarks"k Fkk A ç'u mBrk gS fd og dkSu ls dkj.k Fks ftuds pyrs bl çdkj dk /kfeZd vkUnksyu mB •Mk gqvk A bUgsa fuEe #i ls le>k tk ldrk gS % û- vkfFkZd ü- /kfeZd ý- lkekftd þjktuSfrd lEHkor% ukfLrd lEçnkvksa ds mn; ds ihNs lcls egRoiw.kZ dkj.k vkfFkZd gh Fks A ;g 'krh yksgs ds midj.kksa ds Ñf"k es ç;ksx gksus dh 'krh Fkh A gk¡ykfd blds iwoZ yksgs dk Kku gks pqdk Fkk fdUrq T;knrj os 'kkL=kkL=k?a esa ç;qÙkQ gksrs Fks A ykSg midj.kks ds Kku ls foLr`r eSnkuksa dh çkfIr gqbZ A bl foLrwr eSnku ij vc xgu Ñf"k çkjEHk gqbZ ftlls ,d oxZ dks •k| lkexzh dh fpUrk ls eqfÙkQ feyh vkSj os O;kikj ] okf.kT; vkSj f'kYi dykvksa es yx x;s A •srh ds fy;s i'kqvksa dh vko'k;drk iMh A fo'ks"k #i ls mu i'kqvksa dh tks Ñf"k ds dke vkrs Fks tcfd czkgE.k /eZ dh deZdk.Mh; ;K ijEijk es cfy nh tkrh Fkh A blls ,d / kfeZd ¼an •Mk gqvk A Ñ"kd oxZ vkSj f'kYi ;k okf.kT; ls tqMs gq;s yksxksa us czkgE.kh; ijEijk dk fojks/ fd;k A


jke 'kj.k 'kekZ ds vuqlkj ] ¶ oSfnd çFkkuqlkj i'kq va/k/qa/ ekjs tk jgs Fks ] ;g •srh dh çxfr es ck/d gqvk A ;fn ubZ Ñf"k ewyd vFkZO;oLFkk dks cpkuk Fkk rks i'kq/ u dks lafpr djuk vkok'k;d Fkk A ¸ bl le; ftrus Hkh ukfLrd laçnkvksa us iuiuk çkjEHk fd;k lcus czkgE.kh; O;oLFkk dk fojks/ fd;k A bu lcesa ckS¼ vkSj tSu /eks± dk Loj lokZf/d rhoz Fkk A bu laçnkvksa us i'kqvksa dks lq•nk vkSj vUunk dgk vkSj muds o/ dk fojks/ fd;k A ;g le; O;kikj ] okf.kT; ,oa uxjh; Økafr dk le; Fkk A 600&323 bZ-iw- esa yxHkx 62 uxjksa dk vfLrRo Fkk A O;kikj ok.khT; ls çkIr /u dks ,d=k dj ds oS'k; oxZ us vius fuokl uxjksa es cuk;s A O;kikfj;ksa us fujarj czkgE.kh; O;oLFkk dk fojks/ fd;k A ,d vU; dkj.k oS'ko oxZ dk bu lEçnkvksa dh vksj vkdf"kZr gksuk Fkk D;ksafd O;kikj ls bl oxZ us vdwr /u çkIr dj fy;k Fkk tfCd gj rjiQ egÙkk czkgE.k? dh Fkh og bl le`¼ oxZ dks Lohdkj ugh gqvk A vukFkfi.Md ] ?kksf"kr tSls fofHkUu Js"kfB;ksa us blh dkj.k ckS¼@tSu lEçnkvksa dks eqÙkQ gLr nku fn;k A ½.k dk dk;Z czkgE.kh; ijEijkvksa es nwf"kr dk;Z dgk x;k Fkk tcfd ;g oS'koksa rFkk O;ikfj;ksa dk eq[; dk;Z Fkk A bu lcds vfrfjÙkQ ukfLrd lEçnkvksa dk mn; pw¡fd czkgE.kh; ijEijk ds fo#¼ gqvk Fkk blh dkj.k mudh lgkuqHkwfr gj ml oxZ ds çfr Fkh tks vkfFkZd #i ls detksj Fkk vkSj blh dkj.k bu leLr oxZ? us ru ] eu vkSj /u ls bu lEçnkvksa ds o/Zu gsrq dk;Z fd;k A bu lEçnkvksa dk ,slk n`f"Vdks.k cq¼ ds ml dFku ls feyrk gS ftles mgksus dgk fd ] ¶ Ñ"kdksa dks cht ] Jfedksa dks mfpr ikfjJfed vkSj O;olkfl;ksa dks /u nsuk pkfg;s A ¶ /kfeZd dkj.kksa ds pyrs gq;s Hkh tSu@ ckS¼ lEçnk;ksa ds mn; dks cy feyk A czkgE.kh; O;oLFkk ] nsoksa dh Ñik dks ekuoksa ds 'kqHk ds fy;s vko'k;d ekurh Fkh A nsoksa dks çlUu djus ds fy;s fofHkUu mik; fd;s tk jgs Fks tks vc deZdk.Mksa esa cny x;s Fks vkSj tfVy ls tfVyrj gksrs tk jgs Fks A oSfnd ½pkvksa dk LFkku ea=kksa us ys fy;k Fkk rFkk ea=kksa ds ekè;e ls nsoksa dks o'k es djus

dh ckr dgh tk jgh Fkh tks ea=kksa dk Kku ugh j•rs Fks ] os vc tknw Vksus rFkk ra=k ea=kksa dk lgkjk ysus yxs Fks A lekt dk fuEe oxZ buds pDdj es iQ¡l dj HkV~dko dh fLFkfr es Fkk A ;g ,d vlarks"k dk dkj.k cuk Ai'kq cfy vkSj ;Kh; deZ dkaMa os nwljs rRo Fks tks lkekU; turk dks d"V gh nsrs Fks A vusd Jksr ;K dbZ&dbZ o"kksZ rd pyrs Fks ftlesa ;K djkus okys dks vusdksa nkl nkfl;k¡ migkj Lo#i çnku dh tkrh Fkh A tgk¡ igys ö ½f"k;ksa }kjk ;K djk;k tkrk Fkk ] mÙkj oSfnd dky es vkxs pydj budh l¡[;k ûö gks x;h FkhA nwljh vksj ukfLrd lEçnk us lnSo bldk fojks/ fd;k A cq¼ us dgk ] ¶ czkgE.k ] ydMh ugh vfirq vkUrfjd T;ksfr tyk A ¶ lkekftd dkj.kksa dk Hkh ukfLrd lEçnkvksa ds mn; es egrh ;ksxnku FkkA rRdkyhu lkekftd O;oLFkk esa pkj o.kZa dh LFkkiuk iw.kZ#is.k gks pqdh Fkh rFkk czkgE.k ,ao Nf=k; ] nks lkekftd mPp o.kZ esa lEefyr Fks tcfd oS'k; ,oa 'kwæ dks egRo çkIr ugh Fkk A bl çdkj lekt nks oxks± es foHkkftr gks pqdk Fkk % û- xSj mRiknd oxZ % czkgE.k] Nf=k; ü- mRiknd oxZ % oS'; ] 'kwæ lekt ds mRiknd oxZ gksrs gq;s Hkh mfpr lEeku u gks ikus ds dkj.k oS'; ,ao 'kwæksa oxks± es vlarks"k O;kIr Fkk A bruk gh ugh lekt dk oj oxZ tks mRiknu es dgh 'kkfey gh ugh Fkk lokZf/r miHkksx djrk Fkk rFkk bls blds i'pkr vusdksa fo'ks"kf/dkj feys gq;s Fks A rRdkyhu lkfgR; ls Kkr gksrk gS fd xkSre ] vkiLrac vkfn ½f"k;ksa us ,slh O;oLFkk cukbZ Fkh fd czkgE.k oxZ dks lokZf/d ?kksj vijk/ djus ij Hkh lcls de n~.M feyrk Fkk A oS'o oxZ O;ikj okf.kT; ds iQyLo#i vR;kf/d laink ,df=kr dj pqdk Fkk fdUrq mls Hkh mfpr

vknj çkIr ugh gksrk Fkk A ¶ egktuh ] ½.k vkfn tSls dk;ks± dks czkgE.kh; O;oLFkk es vieku dh n`f"V ls ns•k tkrk Fkk ¶ jke 'kj.k 'kekZ 'kwæksa dh n'kk rks vR;Ur •jkc Fkh A 'kwæ o/ tSls vijk/ ds fy;s Hkh vijk/h dks ogh n.M fn;k tkrk Fkk tks dkSos ] mywd vkfn dh gR;k ds fy;s fn;k tkrk Fkk A ekrax tkrd ,oa fpÙklaHkwr tkrdksa es nh gqbZ dFkk;sa 'kwæksa ij gksus okys vR;kpkjksa dk o.kZ djrh gS A ukfLrd lEçnk; us bu lcdk çcy fojks/ fd;k A tgk¡ ,d vksj oS'oksa ds ½.k ] egktuh ,oa nkl lEcU/h vf/dkjksa dks ekU;rk nh ] ogh ckS¼ /eZ us lHkh o.kZ ds fy;s vius njokts •ksy fn;s A lkekftd lanHkZ esa Hkh cq¼ us tkfrokn dk ?kksj fojks/ fd;k ] oLrqr% riLlq ,oa HkkYyqd tSls 'kwæ dks cq¼ us la?k es çFke ços'k fn;k A fofHkUu /kfeZd ik•aMks ,oa ;Kh; deZdkaMks dk mUgksus fojks/ fd;k rFkk ljy vkSj vkMEcjjfgr ekxZ dk çfriknu fd;k A cq¼ us vius fl¼kar ikfy Hkk"kk es fn;s tks tulkekU; ,oa yksdksUeq•h Lo#i dks n'kkZrk gS A cq¼ us deZdkaMks dk fojks/ djus ds ihNs eq[; rdZ ;g fn;k fd lekt es tUe ds vuqlkj dksbZ mPp ;k fuEe ugh gksrk gS A mPprk dk fu/kZj.k deZ ls gksrk gS A blh çdkj czkgE.k ,oa Nf=k;ksa us Hkh ukfLrd lEçnkvksa tSls ckS¼ ,oa tSu lEçnkvksa dk lg;ksx fd;k A vk'kpZtud rF; ;g fd cq¼ ftu mPp tkfr;ksa ds fo#¼ la?k"kZ dj jgs Fks la?k es lfEefyr gksus dk mudk çfr'kr lokZf/d Fkk ;Fkk & tkfr vko`fr çfr'kr Nf=k; 706 51-5» czkgE.k 400 29-1» oS'ko 155 11-02» 'kwæ 110 8-3»

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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fHk{kqvksa dk tkrh; vk/kj ( fou; ,oa lqÙk fiVd ds vk/kj ij ) lkHkkj % Jh vkyksd ikUMsA jktuSfrd dkj.kks dk ukfLrd lEçnkvksa ds mn; es nks çdkj ls ldjkRed mi;ksx jgk A û- czkgE.k&jktU; ¼an ü- x.kjkT;ksa dk Lora=k okrkoj.k czkgE.k ,oa {kf=k; jktU; oxZ ds eè; mÙkjoSfnd dky ls ¼an vkjEHk gks pqdk Fkk A çokg.tkckfy ] v'koifr rFkk fefFkyk ds fonsg tSls fo¼ku us dbZ czkgE.k dks Kku ds Lrj ij fiNkMk Fkk A ifjfLFkfr;k¡ ,slh Fkh fd czkgE.k gj vksj ls ysus okys Fks tcfd {kf=k;ksa dks nsuk Hkh iMrk Fkk ,slh fLFkfr esa ¼an lkeus tc vk;k rks okLrfod 'kfÙkQ {kf=k;ksa dks nsdj czkgE.k us vknjlwpd çFke LFkku ys fy;k A ,slh fLFkfr esa ukfLrd laçnkvksa us jktU; oxZ dk i{k fy;k vkSj blh dkj.k bl oxZ dk leFkZu gkfly fd;k A vtkr'k=kq ] fcEclkj ] çlsuftr vkSj vkxs pydj v'kksd vkfn dk leFkZu ckS¼ ,ao tSu /eZ dks u feyk gksrk rks bu /eZ dk okLrfod #i dqN vkSj gh gksrk A gky gh esa fjyht gqbZ ¶ OH MY GOD ¶ ftUgksus ns•h gks og vklkuh ls le> ldrs gSa fd vorkj dSls vkSj D;wa cuk;s tkrs gSa A fiQYe esa ijs'k jkoy ( dkathyky dh Hkwfedk esa ) tc bZ'oj ds gksus ;k u gksus ij ç'u •Mk djrk gS ] / eZ ds uke ij /U/k dj jgs /a/soktksa dh tc iksy •ksyus yxrk gS rks var es ogh nqdku pykus okys mldks gh vorkj ?kksf"kr dj nsrs gSa A cq¼ dks vorkj lkfcr djuk egt ,d fn•kok vkSj <ksax gS ] lp rks ;g gS fd cq¼ /Ee vkSj fganw /eZ esa dgh nwj nwj rd dksbZ lekurk ugh gS ] gk¡ lekurk gS fd fgUnw ] tSu ] flD• vkSj pkokZd n'kZu dh rjg cq¼ /Ee dk n'kZu Hkh Hkkjr dh xkSjo'kkyh iajijk ls gh mRiUu gqvk gS - ;g fons'kh laLÑfr;ksa dh rjg fdlh dks tcju ;k ykypo'k /ekZrj.k ij etcwj ugh djrk ] fdlh ds Åij fcykotg vR;kpkj djus dh vuqefr ugh nsrk ] gk¡ dqN lkspus dks etcwj vo'k; djrk gS A ;g vki ij fuHkZj djrk gS fd vius ¼hi vki voa; cuuk pkgrs gSa ;k nwljs ds lgkjs viuh uS;k ikj djuk pkgrs gSa A vIi nhiks Hko ! ( viuk çdk'k Lo;a cuks)

cq¼ ds fl¼kar ls #dsxk Hkz"Vkpkj Hkkjr dk bfrgkl bl ckr dk lk{kh gS fd bl ns'k esa tc&tc ckS¼ /eZ detksj iM+k gS] rc&rc Hkkjr esa Hkz"Vkpkj esa o`f¼ gqbZ gSA ;FkkFkZ esa ckS¼ /eZ ds lokZsPp uSfrd ewY; çKk] 'khy] eS=kh vkSj d:.kk euq"; dks Hkz"Vkpkj djus ls jksdrs gSa] mldk lcls cM+k dkj.k ;g gS fd bu ewY;ksa vkSj lnkpj.k esa mPpdksfV dk ldkjkRed lg&laca/ gSA vkt Hkkjr esa ckS¼ /eZ 'kuS&'kuS fodklksUeq• gS] ysfdu ;g orZeku esa bruh O;kid ,oa l'kÙkQ voLFkk esa ugha gS] tks Hkz"Vkpkj ds fo:¼ çHkkodkjh Hkwfedk dk fuokZg dj ldsA mldk eq[; dkj.k ;g gS fd orZeku Hkkjr esa cq¼ fojksf/;ksa vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj ij fo'okl djus okyksa dh la[;k vR;f/d gSA blfy, Hkkjr Hkz"Vkpkj ds fodkl ds fy, mi;qÙkQ mitkÅ Hkwfe gSA ladqfpr vFkZ esa Hkz"Vkpkj dk vFkZ vuSfrd ,oa xSjdkuwuh ekè;e ls py&vpy laifÙk ,df=kr djuk gksrk gSA O;kid n`f"V ls f=kfiVd ds egRoiw.kZ xzaFk lqÙk fuikr ds ijkHko lqÙk esa euq"; ds iru ds tks veaxy] vuSfrd ,oa v'kqHk deZ crk, gSa] os lHkh deZ Hkz"Vkpkj esa o`f¼ djrs gSa] mnkgj.k ds fy, O;fHkpkj djuk] 'kjkc ihuk] tqvk&lêðk •syuk] >wB cksyuk] xSj dkuwuh ekè;e ls /u lap; djuk vkfn Hkz"Vkpkj dh ifjf/ esa vkrs gSaA bruk gh ugha] cfYd /kfeZd {ks=k esa çKkghu va/fo'okl vkSj ik•aMh deZdkaMksa dh vkM+ esa Hkz"Vkpkj nLrd ns pqdk gSA blds foijhr Hkxoku cq¼ us lqÙk fuikr esa gh egkeaxy lqÙk ds varxZr mu deks± dks crk;k gS] ftuds vuq'khyu ls Hkz"Vkpkj lekIr gks ldrk gSA vusd varjjk"Vªh; laLFkkvksa ds loZ{s k.kksa us ;g çekf.kr dj fn;k gS fd fo'o esa c<+rs gq, Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeys esa Hkkjr dk LFkku vR;f/d Åapk vkSj fparktud gSA 30 ekpZ] 2011 ds lekpkj i=kksa esa çdkf'kr lekpkj ^Hkz"V ns'kksa dh fyLV esa Hkkjr uacj pkj ij* i<+k Fkk] tks cgqr gh 'keZukd ckr gSA ikWfyVhdy ,aM bdksuksfed fjLd dalyVSalh fyfeVsM (ihbZvkjlh) us Hkkjr dks Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeys esa 'kwU; ls nl vad ds iSekus ij 8-67 vad çnku fd, gSaA ftls iru dh n`f"V ls Hkkjr ds fy, •rjs dh ?kaVh dgk tk ldrk gSA bl fLFkfr dks ns•dj ;g Li"V ,oa fujis{k :i ls dgk tk ldrk gS fd vkt Hkkjr esa Hkz"Vkpkj cM+h rhoz xfr ls iQSy jgk gSA ;gh ugha cfYd blds vfrfjÙkQ gR;k,a] cykRdkj] pksjh&MdSrh] u'kk•ksjh vkSj vigj.k tSls vijk/ taxy esa vkx dh rjg iQSy jgs gSa] ftlls lekt o jk"Vª dk iy iy esa uSfrd iru gks jgk gSA vkSj fo'o esa Hkkjr viuh lk• •ksrk tk jgk gSA Hkkjr esa rsth ls c<+rs gq, Hkz"Vkpkj dks jksdus ds fy, cq¼ dk vuq'khyu gh ,d


lezkV v'kksd dh egÙkk # jek'kadj f=kikBh tc ge Hkkjr esa vrhr dh vksj n`f"Vikr djrs gSa rks ,d Li"V izrhr gksrh gSa fd og vf/drj xkSjoiw.kZ jgk gSa] ;|fi mldks dHkh&dHkh dky ds xrZ esa xksrk Hkh yxkuk iM+k gSaA mldk bfrgkl ijkØe] nk'kZfud fopkj rFkk /eZHkkouk dh ,d mTtoy xkFkk gSaA izkphu Hkkjr esa vusd ½f"k] riLoh] 'kkS;Z&lai=k O;fDr rFkk izfrHkk'kkyh lezkV gq, gSa] vkSj vkt Hkh ge muds mPpkn'kZ ,oa thou dk;ksZ ls izsj.kk izkIr dj ldrs gSaA ,sls gh egku~ iq:"kksa esa v'kksd dh Hkh fxurh dh tkrh gSaA mlds pfj=k rFkk xq.kksa vkSj liQy m|ksxksa dk iw.kZ :i ls fnXn'kZu djkus ds fy, ,sfrgkfldksa us mldh rqyuk lalkj ds fofHkUu ns'kksa ds dfri; 'kfDr'kkyh ,oa izrkih jktkvksa ls dh gSaA ;Fkk] dqN fo}kuksa ds erkuqlkj tSls jksse ds vf/ifr dkUlVsaVkbu us bZlkbZ /eZ dks viuk; vkSj mlds izlkj esa lgk;rk nh] mlh izdkj v'kksd ds iz;Ur ls ckS¼ /eZ dh mRifRi gqbZ vkSj og txr esa iSQykA Kku rFkk lkfRodrk esa v'kksd ekdZl vkjsfy;l us ln`'k ekuk tkrk gSaA vkSj /kfeZd lfg".kqrk ,oa lqlaxfBr 'kklu&i}fr ds dkj.k bldh x.kuk vdcj tSls Hkkjrh; ujs'kksa ds lkFk gh tkrh gSA bl ys[k esa ge la{ksir% ;g fn[kykus dk iz;kl djsaxs fd bfrgkl ds jaxeap ij v'kksd dks bruk mQ¡pk LFkku D;ksa fn;k tkrk gSaA v'kksd dh egÙkk tkuus ds fy, lcls izFke gesa mlds vkn'kZ ij è;ku nsuk pkfg,A ;gk¡ ;g dg nsuk mfpr gS fd izR;sd 'kkld dk ;g ewy drZO; gS fd og iztk&j{k.k] iztk&ifjikyu rFkk iztk ds ;ksx&{kse dk lao/Zu djsaA vc iz'u ;g gS fd bl dlkSVh ij v'kksd dgha rd [kjk mrjrk gSaA NBs f'kykys[k esa mlus Lo;a ;g ?kksf"kr fd;k gS& ^^lc yksxksa dh HkykbZ ds vfrfjDr eq>s vf/d dj.kh; dke dksbZ ugha gSaA tks dqN ijkØe eSa djrk gw¡] og D;ksa\ blhfy;s fd tho/kfj;ksa ds ½.k ls eqDr gksmQ¡ vkSj mu

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Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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^

lalkj ds bfrgkl esa v'kksd ifgyk lezkV Fkk] ftlus yksxksa dks /eZ dk rRo le>k;k vkSj muds fpÙk ds ckn&fookn laca/h ckrksa ls nwj gVk;kA og /kfeZd dV~Vjrk vkSj }s"k&Hkko dks ?k`.kk dh n`f"V ls ns[krk FkkA og lc /eksZoyafo;ksa dh iwtk djrk FkkA lcdks bl lalkj esa lq[k feys vkSj vkxs pydj LoxZ**A bl ?kks"k.kk ls] ftlesa v'kksd us euq"; ds lkekU; rhu ½.kksa (tho&½.k) dh dYiuk dh gSa] nks ckrsa Li"V izrhr gksrh gSa_ izFke] ;g fd v'kksd izkf.kek=k vFkkZr~ euq"; ,oa lc tho&tarqvksa dk dY;k.k pkgrk Fkk fd os ijyksd esa vkuan rFkk 'kkafr izkIr djsasA bl è;s; dks lkeus j[kdj v'kksd us viuh iztk rFk vU; lc thoksa ds fgr ds fy, vusd izdkj ds mik; fd,A f}rh; f'kyksys[k esa v'kksd us Lo;a vius iz;Ruksa dk o.kZu fd;k gSA ;Fkk] ^^nsorkvksa ds fiz; fiz;n'khZ jktk us lc LFkkuksa esa nks izdkj dh fpfdRlkvksa dk izca/ fd;k gSa] ,d euq";ksa dh fpfdRlk dk vkSj nwljh i'kqvksa dh fpfdRlk dkA euq";ksa vkSj i'kqvksa dh mi;ksxh vkS"kf/;k¡ tgk¡&tgk¡ ugha gSa ogk¡ ogk¡&ogk¡ os ykbZ xbZ vkSj yxkbZ xbZA blh izdkj euq";ksa rFkk i'kqvksa ds miHkksx ds fy, tgk¡&tgk¡ iQy vkSj ewy ugha gSa ogk¡&ogk¡ os yk, x, vkSj yxk, x,] vkSj ekxksZ esa dq,¡ [kqnok, x, rFkk isM+ yxok,

*

x,**A lIre LraHkys[k ls ;g Hkh fofnr gksrk gSa fd v'kksd us ;kf=k;ksa ds fy, /eZ'kkykvksa dk fuekZ.k djk;k Fkk] vk/s dksl esa dwi [kqnok, Fks] vkSj i'kq&euq";ksa ds ifjHkksx ds fy, vkxz&okfVdk,¡ yxokbZ FkhaA ;g lc lqdk;Z v'kksd us vius jkT; esa gh ugha fd;k Fkk] oju~ vius lehi{k pksy] ikaMo] lfr;iq=k vkSj dsjyiq=k ds Lora=k nf{k.kh jkT;ksa esa rFkk lqnwjorZ ;ou&jkT;ksa esa Hkh fd;k Fkk (f}rh; f'kykys[k)A =k;ksn'kZ f'kykys[k ds vuqlkj v'kksd ds ledkyhu ;ou jktkvksa ds uke ;s Fks vr% v'kksd dh dY;k.kdkjh uhfr Lons'k rd gh lhekc¼ u Fkh] vfirq og loZ=k fons'kksa esa Hkh viuk / u [kpZ dj ijksidkj djus esa fujarj m|r jgrk FkkA blesa rfud Hkh lansg ugha fd mlus ^olq/So dqVqacde~** ds mPpkn'kZ dks] tgk¡ rd gks ldk] dk;Z:i esa ifj.kr fd;kA v'kksd us izkf.k;ksa ds lkalkfjd lq[k ds mi;qZDr lk/u gh ugha ,df=kr dj fn, Fks] vfirq mlus lkezkT; esa tho&fgalk dk vdkj.k fdlh tho dks dqN Hkh {kfr igq¡ps]


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Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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blfy, mlus vius ys[kksa esa ^^izk.kkuka vukjEHkks** (f'kykys[k 3]4]11] LraHkys[k 7)] ^^iz.kue~ la;ekas** (f'kykys[k 9)] ^^vfofglk Hkwrkue~** (f'kyk ys[k 4] LraHkys[k 4] LraHkys[k 7) dk mins'k ckjackj fn;k gSaA ifgys v'kksd Lo;a ekalkgkjh ;k vkSj mldh ikd'kkyk ds fy, izfrfnu lgL=kksa thoksa dk o/ gksrk FkkA fdarq tcls mlus vfgalk rFkk n;kiz/ku ckS¼ /eZ dh 'kj.k yh] rc ls vU; lc izkf.k;ksa dk o/ mlus fcYdqy yh] rc ls vU; lc izkf.k;ksa dk o/ mlus fcYdqy jksd fn;k vkSj dqN fnuksa ds fy, dsoy ,d e`x vkSj nks eksj ekjus dh vkKk nh] vkSj og e`x Hkh fuR; ugha ekjk tkrk FkkA ;g fu;fer fgalk Hkh mldh vReXykfu dk dkj.k Fkh] vkSj mlus 'kh?kz gh bu rhuksa thoksa ds o/ dks can djus dh izfrKk dhA bl izdkj vius fl¼karksa ds o'khHkwr gksdjA v'kksd us vius ftÞklq[k dks fcYdqy frykatfy ns nhA mlus vius iwoZtksa dh ,d izFkk dks Hkh tho&j{kk ds fy;s jksd fn;k FkkA vkBosa f'kykys[k esa og dgrk gS fd ifgys jktk yksx fogkj&;k=kk djus tkrs FksA blesa vk[ksV rFkk vU; dbZ izdkj ds ^vehjedkfu* vFkkZr~ eu cgykus okyh ckrsa gksrh Fkha] fdarq ;s lc vkeksn&izeksn mlds lkfRod eu esa [kVdrs Fks] blfy;s v'kksd us ^^fogkj&;k=kk** ds LFkku esa ^^/ Ee&;k=kk,¡** pykbZ ftuesa czkã.k&Je.kksa dk n'kZu] mUgsa nku] o`¼ksa dk n'kZu dk n'kZu] lqo.kksZ&forj.k] tuin (jkT;) ds yksxksa dk n'kZu] /eZ dk mins'k vkSj /eZ&fo"k; dh ftKklk bR;kfn vPNs dke gksrs FksA n;kHkko ls izsfjr gksdj v'kksd us izFke f'kykys[k ds vuqlkj ^^lektksa** dk Hkh gksuk can dj fn;k Fkk] D;ksafd bu lektksa esa fofo/ izdkj ds [ksy&dwn rFkk xkus&ctkus ds vfrfjDr fgalk vf/d ;k=kk esa gksrh Fkh vkSj ekal dk forj.k yksxksa esa [kwc gksrk FkkA fdarq ,d nwljs izdkj ds ^^lekt** Fks ftuesa fgalk ugha gksrh Fkh] vkSj mudh v'kksd ugha jksduk pkgrk Fkk& bl cM+h tho&j{kk ds dkj.k og f}rh; LraHkys[k esa ;g nkok djrk gS fd eSaus f}in~] prqIin vkSj if{k&okfjpj ij vusd vuqxzg fda,] tgk¡ rd fd eSaA muds izk.kksa dh Hkh nf{k.kk nhA

bl dFku esa ys[kek=k Hkh vfr'k;ksfDr ugha tku iM+rh] D;ksafd v'kksd us ik¡posa LraHkys[k esa ftu thoksa ds o/ dk fcydqy fu"ks/ fd;k mudh lwph ls Li"V gS fd mlds jktRodky esa ^^vfgalk ijeks /eZ%** dk euksgj fuukn prqfnZd xw¡t jgk FkkA v'kksd us viuh iztk ds fgr rFkk lq[k&laiknu ds fy, lrr ^^/Ee** ds izpkj dk Hkh chM+k mBk;kA og Lo;a rks n`<+ ckS¼ /ekZcyach Fkk rFkkfi mlus yksxksa dk y{; viuk futh /eZ dk tkek ifgus gq, izpfyr jhfr&fjokt (^^eaxy**) dks fujFkZd dgdj frjLÑr fd;k gS vkSj mudh txg mlus yksx dks ^^efT>e eXx** rFkk ^^fuOoku** ckjs esa v'kksd vius ys[kksa esa fcYdqy pqi gSaA mldh /kfeZd uhfr ladh.kZ u Fkh] vkSj og viuh iztk dk /eZ&ifjorZu djus ds fy, mRlqd u FkkA ;fn og ckS¼ /eZ ,sls fdlh fo'ks"k /eZ ds izpkj esa viuh lkjh laifr ,oa 'kfDr yxk nsrk rks og fuLlansg vius mPp in dk nq:i;ksx djrkA mlus ftl ^^/Ee** (/eZ) dk lnqi;ksx ins'k fn;k og lcdks xzkÞk Fkk] vkSj mlls gesa v'kksd dh mnkjrk rFkk nwjnf'kZrk dk iw.kZ ifjp; feyrk gSaA og n;k] nku] lR;] 'kkSp] e`nqrk] lk/qrk] la;e Hkko&'kqf¼] ÑrKrk vkSj n`<+ HkfDr vkfn ln~xq.kksa dks viukus ds fy, euq";ksa dks mRizsfjr djrk gSaA og ;g Hkh pkgrk gS fd yksx iki] fu"Bqjrk] Øks/] eku bZ";kZ bR;kfn nqxqZ.kksa ls nwj jgsa vkSj os ekrk&firk] xq:tu vkSj cM+ksa dh 'kqjks"kkf/ djsa] vkSj czkã.k] Je.k] ca/q] fe=k] ifjfpr] nkl] Hk`R; rFkk nq%[kh ,oa nhu iq:"kksa dk ;Fkkor~ vknj ,oa lRdkj djsaA okLro esa ;s fl¼kar lc /eksZ dh laifr rFkk lkj gSaA lalkj ds bfrgkl esa v'kksd ifgyk lezkV Fkk] ftlus yksxksa dks /eZ dk rRo le>k;k vkSj muds fpÙk ds ckn&fookn laca/h ckrksa ls nwj gVk;kA og /kfeZd dV~Vjrk vkSj }s"k&Hkko dks ?k`.kk dh n`f"V ls ns[krk FkkA og lc /eksZoyafo;ksa dh iwtk djrk FkkA mlus ckS¼ksa ds vfrfjDr czkã.k] fuxzZFk rFkk vkthod bR;kfn dks vius nku vkSj eku dk lnk Hkkxh cuk;kA vkthodksa ds fy, rks mlus x;k ds fudV cjkcj uke ds ioZr esa fo'kky xqiQka, cuokbZA blh izdkj v'kksd us viuh iztk dks Hkh /kfeZd lfg".kqrk dk ea=k

i<+k;kA og pkgrk Fkk fd o`Fkk ^^vr iziaM&iqt** vFkok ^^ij i"kaM& xjg** u gks] D;ksafd Lo/eZ&izse ls izsfjr gksdj nwljksa ds fl¼karksa dh fuank loZFkk vuFkZ&dkjh gksrh gSaA lcdks mfpr gSa fd okd~la;e (^^cpksxqfr**) jD[ksa vkSj ^^cgqJqr** gksa] vFkkZr~ vU; /eksZ dks J¼kiwoZd lquus vkSj le>us dh ps"Vk djsa] ftlls ikjLifjd ^^leao;**&esytksy&c<+sA ;s dSls mPp dksfV ds fopkj gSa tks vkt ohloha 'krkCnh esa Hkh Hkkjro"kZ ds lkaiznkf;d oSeuL; vkSj >xM+ksa dks feVkus ds fy, vkn'kZ fl¼ gks ldrs gSaA v'kksd dh ,d vkSj fo'ks"krk ;g Fkk fd mldk Þn; iztk&okRlY; ls vksr&izksr Fkk] vkSj iztk ds izfr mldk O;ogkj firk&rqY; FkkA og dfyax ds nksuksa ys[kksa esa ;g ?kks"k.kk djrk gSaA fd lc euq"; esjh larku ds ln`'k gSa] vkSj tSls eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd esjh larku bgykSfdd vkSj ikjykSfdd lq[k dk Hkksx djs mlh izdkj eSa lcdk dY;k.k pkgrk gw¡A vk'p;Z dh ckr rks ;g gS fd mldh ,slh Hkkouk dsoy viuh iztk ds gh izfr u Fkh] fdarq og lhekar tkfr;ksa ij Hkh Ñikn`f"V j[krk FkkA f}rh; dfyax&ys[k esa v'kksd dgrk gSaA ^^os eq>ls Hk; u djsa] oju~ fo'okl jD[ksaA eSa mudks lq[k nwxk¡ vkSj fdlh izdkj dk nq%[k ugha nwxk¡A ;fn muls [kqn vijk/ Hkh gks tk;xk rks eSa mudks ;Fkk'kfDr {kek iznku d:¡xkA esjs fufer os /eZiwoZd pysa ftlls mUgsa ;g yksd vkSj ijyksd nksuksa izkIr gks ldsaA** v'kksd lgu'khy iq:"k Fkk] vkSj mlus vius dk;Z rFkk mÙkjnkf;Ro ds {ks=k dks fdruk foLr`r dj jD[kk Fkk! NBs f'kykys[k ds vuqlkj og loZ=k euq";ksa dks lq[k igq¡pkus esa layXu jgrk Fkk] ;Fkk ^^loZ=kk p utl vFks djksfe**A mldks vius&lk/u dh rfud Hkh ijokg u FkhA mldh rks ;gh bPNk Fkh fd mlds thou dh gj?kM+h yksd&fgr&laiknu esa chrsA bl mís'; ls mlus ;g vkKk fudkyhA vFkkZr~ ^^eSaus bl izdkj dk izca/ fd;k gS fd lc le;] pkgs eSa [kkrk gksmQ¡] pkgs fuokl esa gksmQ¡] pkgs i'kq'kkyk esa] pkgs Mkd ls yach ;k=kk esa] vkSj pkgs m|ku sea] loZ=k izfrosnd iztklaca/h dk;ksZ dh eq>s fuj'kad lwpuk nsa**A bruk vf/d ifjJe djus ij Hkh


v'kksd dks dHkh larks"k u gksrk FkkA lpeqp mldh dk;ZrRijrk fofp=k Fkha] vkSj mldk iztk&izse vxk/ FkkA v'kksd dh [;kfr rFkk egÙkk dk ,d dkj.k ;g Hkh gS fd mlus vius jkT; dh uhfr dk iFk fcYdqy cny fn;kA mlds iwoZ izk;% lHkh ex/ ds jktkvksa us viuh fot;&irkdk prqfnZd] iQgjkus dk iz;Ru fd;k FkkA fdarq ml Hk;adj ;q¼ Hkh Hkh"k.krk ,oa Øwjrk us mlds Þn; ij Hkkjh vk/kr igq¡pk;kA rsjgosa f'kykys[k esa fy[kk gS fd dfyax&fot; esa ^^Ms<+ yk[k vkneh canh cuk, x,] yxHkx ,d yk[k ekjs x,] vkSj mlls dbZ xqus vkneh ;q¼&laca/h dfBukbZ;ksa ds dkj.k ejs**A yk[kksa euq";ksa dks grkgr ns[kdj vkSj muds fe=kksa rFkk ca/qoxks± ds d:.k Øanu dks lqudj v'kksd n;k&Hkko ls æohHkwr gks x;kA mlus lkspk fd jDrikr ls lkezkT;fyIlk gh izTofyr gksrh gS] vkSj bl izdkj yksxksa dks la=kkLr djuk ,d ?kksj iki gSaA iQyr% mlus ^^/Eefot;** dh vksj è;ku fn;kA prqFkZ f'kykys[k ds vuqlkj fiQj ^^esjh?kks"k** dh txg ^^/Ee?kks"k** loZ=k lqukbZ iM+us yxkA v'kksd us viuh 'kfDr lkoZtfud dk;ks± esa yxkbZ] vkSj ^^/Ee** dh lfjrk osx ls izokfgr gqbZA mldh iztk esa ,d u, thou dk lalkj gqvk] vkSj pkjksa vkSj vfgalk] izse vkSj n;k dh nqanqfHk lqukbZ iM+hA bldk ifj.kke ;g vo';d gqvk fd v'kksd ds le; esa ex/&lkezkT; ds jktuhfrd foLrkj ,oa fodkl dk lw;Z vLr gks x;k] fdarq mlds vFkd ifjJe vkSj mRlkg ls ^^/Eefot;** dh oSt;arh fons'kh ;ou jkT;ksa esa Hkh mM+h vkSj Hkkjro"kZ us ,d mPp vkn'kZ viuk;kA vkt lalkj esa 'kkafr&LFkkiuk dh leL;k cgqr tfVy izrhr gks jgh gS] fdarq v'kksd us ,d gh n`<+ fu'p; ls ?kkrd vL=kksa dk furkar ofg"dkj fn;k vkSj lhekar tkfr;ksa vkSj NksVs&NksVs jkT;ksa dks Hkh fo'okl fnyk;k fd og mudks ys'kek=kk gkfu u igq¡pk,xkA vR;ar 'kfDr'kkyh gksr gq, Hkh v'kksd dk ;g 'kkafre; ladYi fuLlansg mldh egkurk dk ,d Toyar izek.k gSaA ¶vusdtkfrlalkja lU/foLla vfufCclaA xgdkjda xoslurks nqd[kk tkfr iquIiquAA xgdkjd! fnêðfl iqu xsga u dgkflA lCck rs iQklqdk HkXxk xgdwVa folaf[kraA fola[kkjxra fpÙka r.gkua [k;eT>xkAA¸ Hkxok cq¼k

Hkkjrh; laLÑfr vkSj ckS¼ /eZ

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Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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^

vkt Hkh ^cgqtufgrk;] cgqtu lq[kk;] yksdkuqdEik;*] blh f'k{kk ls izsfjr gksdj Hkkjr rFkk fo'o ds dksus&dksus esa Hkkjrh; laLÑfr vkSj ckS¼&/eZ dk izpkj fd;kA cq¼ dh lPph iwtk yksd&dY;k.k gh gSA gedks lkjs lalkj ls viuk lEcU/ LFkkfir djuk pkfg,A dksbZ Hkh ns'k vc vdsys ugha jg ldrkA lkj ;gh gSa ge vius Hkhrj lR; dk lk{kkRdkj djsa ckS¼ Hkh ;gh dgrs gSaA Hkkjrh; laLÑfr esa eu dks thruk lcls cM+k jgL; gSa ftls lHkh ckS¼ ekurs gSa eu dks thrus okyk gh lcls cM+k fot;h dgk x;k gSaA

*

# fHkD[kq txnh'k d';i Hkkjrh; laLÑfr :ih cM+s fo'kky oV&o`{k dk ckS¼ /eZ cgqr cM+k ruk gSaA Hkkjr ds ckgj tkiku] dEcksfM;k] FkkbZySaM] oekZ] lhyksu] frCcr vkSj phu vkfn] lalkj ds cgqr cM+s Hkw&Hkkx esa foLr`r gSA lalkj dh la[;k esa rhl izfr'kr ckS¼ gSaA ;g ,d cgqr cM+h ckr gSaA ckS¼ izpkjd ckgj x,] vius /eZ vkSj viuh laLÑfr dk mUgksaus izpkj fd;k] ;gh dkj.k gS fd lalkj dk cgqr cM+k Hkkx dks iquhr LFky ekurk gS vkSj Hkxoku cq¼ ds pj.kksa esa >qdrk gSA ,slk lkezkT; iwoZtksa us LFkkfir fd;k tks cgqr n`<+ gSaA vaxzstksa dk lkezkT; cgqr cM+k FkkA muds jkT; esa lw;Z vLr ugha gksrk Fkk] fdUrq og fNUu fHkUu gks x;kA bldk ;g dkj.k gS fd og lkezkT; [kwu vkSj ryokj ds cy ij

dk;e FkkA ckS¼ fe'kufj;ksa us ckgj tkdj laLÑfr dk lkezkT; LFkkfir fd;k tks iPphl lkS o"kksZ ds ckn Hkh LFkk;h gSaA ckS¼ksa us Hkkjr ds eLrd dks mQ¡pk fd;k gSaA cekZ esa ek.Mys ioZr ds f'kyki`"B ij dbZ ehy rd ckS lkfgR; fy[kk iM+k gSA ;g gekjs Hkkjr o"kZ dk lkfgR; gSaA izeq[k xzUFk lksus ds i=kksa ij ghjk&jRuksa ls tfVy v{kjksa esa fyf[kr gSaA Hkkjr dk cM+k jktk v'kksd FkkA vaxzstksa ls Hkh c<+dj v'kksd dk lkezkT; FkkA mlus vius ,dek=k iq=k egsUæ dks ckS¼ /eZ ds izpkj ds fy, ckgj HkstkA gekjs iwoZtksa ds vR;Ur ljkguh; gSA ukyUnk cgqr cM+k fo'ofo|ky; Fkk tgk¡ nl gtkj fo|kFkhZ i<+rs FksA muds jgus] [kkus vkSj iqLrd vkfn dk lc [kpZ fo'ofo|ky; nsrk FkkA mldk Lo:i fo'oO;kih FkkA ckgj ds ns'kksa esa mlds vfHkys[k feyrs gSA


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bl lanHkZ esa euq dk;g dFku& ^,rn~ns'kizlwrL;l&dk'kknxztUeu%] Loa pfjra f'k{ks.k i`fFkO;kloZekuok%A* loZFkk mi;qDr gSaA i`Foh ds lHkh yksx ;gk¡ vkdj pfj=k vkSj fo|k lh[krs FksA r{kf'kyk] voUrh vkSj vksnUriqjh vkfn dbZ fo'ofo|ky; Hkkjro"kZ esa Fks] ftUgsa vkt ge Hkwy x, gSaA gekjh laLÑfr dh nsu lkjs lalkj esa cM+h pht gSA cq¼ dks fgUnw /eZ eas vorkj ekurs gSa vkSj lEeku nsrs gSaA Bhd gS] fdUrq ckS¼ksa esa vorkj dh ugha]mÙkkj dh dYiuk gSaA cq¼ ge yksxksa tSls gh lk/kj.k vkneh FksA vius m|ksx ls gh mUgksaus cq¼Ùo izkIr fd;kA bl ikjferk,¡ gksrh gSa tSls Kku] oh;Z] mRlkg] lR;] 'khy] nku] mis{kk] 'kkfUr vkfnA buesa dbZ tUeksa ds vH;kl ds ckn ikjaxr gksus ij cq¼Ro ykHk gksrk gSaA Hkxoku us vius ik¡p lkS ipiu iwoZ tUeksa dh ckr dgh gSaA tkrd dFkk,¡ izfl¼ gSA ,d dFkk ds vuqlkj cq¼ iwoZ tUe esa uko ij tk jgs FksA tgkt esa Nsn gks tkus ij mlds Mwc tkus dk Hk; mRiUu gks x;kA lc yksx jksus yxsA Hkxoku cq¼ ml le; cksf/lRo ds :i esa ogk¡ mifLFkfr FksA mUgksaus fgEer ugha gkjhA os dku esa dMqok rsy Mky jgs FksA yksxksa ds iwNus ij mUgksaus crk;k fd ;g uko ds Mwcus ds ckn dh rS;kjh gSaA tc rd rkdr jgsxh] rSjrs jgsaxsA blh rjg ,d ckj cksf/lRo dgha tk jgs FksA lkFk esa lkS cSy xkfM+;k¡ Hkh FkhaA chp esa e:Hkwfe iM+hA fnu lksus ij lw;Z ds rki ls ckyqdk&jkf'k tyus yxhA ogk¡ vkcknh ugha Fkh vkSj u isM+ gh FksA fnu dh ;k=kk cUn dj nsuh iM+h] jkr dh ;k=kk gksus yxhA vkxs&vkxs cksf/lRo vkSj ihNs iwjk dkfiQyk FkkA ,d fnu lkFkZokg us dgk&vkt ge ikj dj tk,¡xs rks lkFk ds ikuh dh D;k t:jr gS] mls iQsasd fn;k tk,A* ikuh iQsad fn;k x;kA Fkds lkFkZokg ds lks tkus ds dkj.k xkfM+;k¡ nwljh vksj cM+h nwj rd pyh xbZA lw;ksZn; gks x;kA tc lcdks I;kl yxh rks ikuh ds vHkko esa yksx NViVkus yxsA cq¼ us dqvka [kksnuk 'kq: fd;kA dgk] dqvka [kksnrs gq, ejsaxsA [kksnrs&[kksnrs uhps pV~Vku feykA cksf/lRo ds ,d izgkj ls njkj gks x;k vkSj njkj ls 'khry ty&/kjk fudyhA bl rjg dh mRlkgo/Zd tkrd&dFkk,¡ feyrha gSaA mRlkg vkSj m|ksx ls gh mUgsa cq¼Ro feykA ge lc yksx blh rjg cq¼Ro izkIr dj

ldrs gSaA muds f'k"; vkt Hkh ^cgqtufgrk;] cgqtu lq[kk;] yksdkuqdEik;*] blh f'k{kk ls izsfjr gksdj Hkkjr rFkk fo'o ds dksus&dksus esa Hkkjrh; laLÑfr vkSj ckS¼&/eZ dk izpkj fd;kA cq¼ dh lPph iwtk yksd&dY;k.k gh gSA gedks lkjs lalkj ls viuk lEcU/ LFkkfir djuk pkfg,A dksbZ Hkh ns'k vc vdsys ugha jg ldrkA oSfnd] ckS¼ vkSj tSu ijEijkvksa esa vc cgqr varj ugha gSA oSfnd ½f"k fpÙk dh ,dkxzrk] lekf/ esa lR; dk lk{kkRdkj djus vkfn dh f'k{kk nsrs gSA osn dh f'k{kk dk Hkh lkj ;gh gSa ge vius Hkhrj lR; dk lk{kkRdkj djsa tSu] oSfnd] vkSj ckS¼ Hkh ;gh dgrs gSaA Hkkjrh; laLÑfr esa eu dks thruk lcls cM+k jgL; gSa ftls tSu] oSfnd] vkSj ckS¼ lHkh ekurs gSa eu dks thrus okyk gh lcls cM+k fot;h dgk x;k gSaA fldUnj tc ejus yxk rks mlus dgk&^lc esjs 'ko dks ys tkuk rks gkFk ckgj dj nsuk rkfd yksx ns[ksa fd fldUnj dqN ys ugha tk jgk gSA* xzlh ds ikl ,d NksVk lk LFkku iM+rk gSa tgk¡ fldUnj ,d ckj Bgjk FkkA mldh Nkouh esa ukp&xkuk gksus yxk FkkA ukpus okyh ij fldUnj dh vk¡[ks eqX/ gks xbZA cM+h Hkkjh vidhfrZ iQSyhA bl ij mlus dgk Fkk] ^eSus lcdks rks thrk fdUrq viuh vk¡[k dks ugha thr ldkA* nwljs dks iVdus okyk lPpk igyoku ugha gSa] eu dks o'k esa djus okyk gh lPpk igyoku gSaA bl lR; dks oSfnd]

ckS¼ vkSj tSu lHkh ekurs gSaA iafMr yksx dqN ckrksa dks ysdj Hkys gh fHkM+sa] ij okLro esa ckS¼] tSu vkSj oSfnd laLÑfr&lcdh ewy f'k{kk ,d gh gSa tgk¡ cgqr cq¼ gq,] cq¼ gSa vkSj gksaxs ml LFkku dks ge ckjEckj iz.kke dgrs gSa Kkuh dks gh cq¼ dgrs gSaA eSa ,d ckj yadk esa Hkk"k.k ns jgk Fkk fd ,d fØf'p;u iknjh us iwNk&^gekjs izHkq lHkh 'kj.kkxrksa dks eqDr djrs gSaA D;k cq¼ Hkh djsaxs\ geus dgk&^cq¼ eqDr djsaxsA* vuUr cq¼ vuUr dky esa vuUr thoksa dks eqDr djsaxsA Hkkjrh; laLÑfr dh lHkh 'kk[kkvksa esa iqutZUe dk cgqr cM+k egRo gSaA vius&vius deZ ds vuqlkj gekjh lqxfr ;k nqxZfr gksrh gSaA ,d ckj ,d ftKklq us eq>ls iwNk Fkk&^euq"; D;k ejus ij dqÙkk Hkh gks ldrk gSa\ Hkkjrh; fopkj/kjk ds vuqlkj euq"; dqÙkk Hkh gks ldrk gSa] ,slk /eZ rks ekuus yk;d ugha gSaA* eSaus dgk&^euq"; ejdj dqÙkk ugha gksrk] dqÙkk gh ejdj dqÙkk gksrk gSA vkpj.k esa euq"; ;fn dqÙks dk vkpj.k djrk gSa rks og dqÙkk gh gSaA deZ ds vuqlkj nso&xfr Hkh izkIr dh tk ldrh gSaA* ;g le; vk x;k gSa fd ge vius lEiznk;xr Hkkoksa dks Hkwydj vius jk"Vª dks iq"V cukosaA lalkj ds lkeus izcy jk"Vª ds :i esa mifLFkr gksus ds fy, ge lkspsa vkSj djsaA Hkkjro"kZ ds ckgj tks bruk cM+k ckS¼ lkezkT; gS] mlds lkFk ?kfu"Vrk c<+k;saA

izKk! 'khy ! lekf/! ueks rL; Hkxorks vjgrk lEek lEecq¼L;!

cs/kM+d U;wt+ ,oa cs/kM+d izdk'ku dh vksj ls

rFkkxr Hkxoku xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh ds volj ij lHkh ns'kokfl;ksa dks gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk,a!A


ckS¼ /kEe dh iz"BHkwfe

^

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

^^fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ,d fo'ks"k okrkoj.k esa ekuo ds thou dk lEiw.kZ laxBu n'kkZrh gS vkSj vusdkusd o"kks± ds iz;Ruksa dk gh ifj.kke gks ldrh gSA ;g 31 ,d lqikz frf"Br lH;rk Fkh] ftl ij ml le; Hkh Hkkjr dh Nki iM+pd q h Fkh vkSj og vkt dh Hkkjrh; laLÑfr dk vk/kj gSA**

#

Hkxoku nkl ckS¼

fl/qa ?kkVh lH;rk&Hkxoku nkl ckS¼ ^^1922&1923 bZ- eas iqjkrkfRod [kkst us ,d u;s ;qx dk izkjaHk fd;kA bl o"kZ fla/ ds yjdkuk ftys esa fLFkr eksgu tksnM+ksa uked ,d cMs Vhys ds [k.Mgjksa dh [kqnkbZ vkjaHk gqbZ vkSj ;Fkkle; Øekxr uxjksa ds vo'ks"k izdk'k esa vk,A muesa ls izkphure~ dk le; bZlk ls nks gtkj vkB lkS o"kZ iwoZ ekuk tk ldrk gSA blds ckn iatkc ds ek.V xksejh ftys esa fLFkr gM+Iik vkSj fla/ rFkk cyksfpLrku ds dbZ vU; LFkkuksa esa gqbZ [kqnkbZ ls ml izns'k esa ,d egku laLÑfr ds vfLrRo dk irk pyk ftls rkezik"kk.k (pkYdksfyfFkdks) laLÑfr dk uke fn;k tk ldrk gSA bl lH;rk ds vUos"k.k ls Hkkjrh; bfrgkl laca/h gekjh /kj.kk esa Økafrdkjh ifjorZu gks x;k gSA ,d gh Nykax esa Hkkjrh; lH;rk dh izkphurk vf/d ugha rks rhu gtkj bZlk iwoZ rd igq¡p xbZ gSA vc ekuo lH;rk ds vxznwr ds :i esa lqes:] ckcqy] fel vkSj vlhj ds lkFk Hkkjr dh x.kuk dh tkrh gSA**&1

Hkkjr esa xkSre cq¼ ls iwoZ dh D;k fLFkfr Fkh\ bls tkuus ds fy, tc ge Hkkjr ds bfrgkl ij utj Mkyrs gSa rks ikrs gSa fd bZlk ls rhu gtkj o"kZ iwoZ Hkkjrh; miegk}hi esa cM+h mUur ,oa fodflr lH;rk FkhA ;g lH;rk mruh gh izkphu gS] ftruh ekuo&laLÑfr dk cpiu dgha tkus okyh felz vkSj cschyksfu;k lH;rkA ;g lH;rk yxHkx 1800 bZlkiwoZ rd lqLFkkfir jghA bl lH;rk dks fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ds uke ls dgk tkrk gS tks cgqr vf/d fodflr Fkh vkSj cgqr cM+s HkwHkkx rd iQSyh FkhA u dsoy ;g lH;rk ,d gtkj o"kks± ls vf/d le; rd cuh jgh cfYd ;g ,d mPpre fodflr lH;rk jgh] tks HkkSfrd :i esa ;g lH;rk Ñf"k&lH;rk FkhA os yksx flapkbZ dh O;oLFkk vkSj ukxj fodflr vkè;kfRed laLÑfr FkhA ;g ckr mR[kuu esa izkIr iqjkrkfRod lk{;ksa ls Li"V gksrh gS] tks eksgu tksnM+ks vkSj gM+Iik dh [kqnkbZ esa feysA bl ckr ds Hkh lk{; izkIr gq, gSa fd os yksx f'kf{kr FksA mu yksxksa us ,d fyfi fodflr dh Fkh] ftls iqjkrRofon le>us esa yxs gSa vkSj vc mls [kzks"Vh ;k czkãh fyfi ekuk tkrk gSA**&2

*

bl lEca/ esa izks- pkbYM fy[krs gSa%&^^fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ,d fo'ks"k okrkoj.k esa ekuo ds thou dk lEiw.kZ laxBu n'kkZrh gS vkSj vusdkusd o"kks± ds iz;Ruksa dk gh ifj.kke gks ldrh gSA ;g ,d lqizfrf"Br lH;rk Fkh] ftl ij ml le; Hkh Hkkjr dh Nki iM+pqdh Fkh vkSj og vkt dh Hkkjrh; laLÑfr dk vk/kj gSA**&3 ljtkWu ek'kZy dgrs gSa%&^^ eksgu tksnM+ks vkSj gM+Iik nksuksa txgksa esa ,d ckr rks Li"V gS ftlds ckjs esa dksbZ lUnsg ugha gks ldrk fd tks lH;rk gekjs lkeus vkbZ gS] og dksbZ vU; izkjafHkd lH;rk ugha gS cfYd ,slh lH;rk gS] tks ml le; Hkh ;qxksa iqjkuh iM+ pqdh FkhA Hkkjr dh /jrh ij iq"V gks pqdh Fkh vkSj mldh i`"BHkwfe esa ekuo dk gtkjksa o"kZ iqjkuk izHkko FkkA bl izdkj vc ls ;g ekuuk iM+sxk fd bZjku] eslksiksVkfe;k vkSj felz dh rjg Hkkjr mu lcls izeq[k ns'kksa esa gS tgk¡ ekuo&lH;rk dk mn; vkSj fodkl gqvk FkkA ;fn ge Hkkjr mi egk}hi ds nwljs Hkkx esa Hkh u ekusa rks Hkh iatkc vkSj fla/ esa ,d cM+h mUur vkSj vnHkqr :i ls feyrh&tqyrh lH;rk dk izlkj Fkk& ,slk ekuuk iM+sxkA ;g lH;rk mlh dky dh


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eslksiksVkfe;k vkSj felz dh lH;rkvksa ls i`Fkd gksrs gq, Hkh dqN ckrksa esa lcls vf/ d mUur ,oa le``¼ FkhA**&4 ljtk¡u ek'kZy fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk dh ledkyhu eslksiksVkfe;k vkSj felz dh lH;rk ls rqyuk djrs gq, crkrs gS%&^^ bl rjg dqN eq[;&eq[; ckrsa ;s gSa fd bl dky esa :bZ ds diM+s dk mi;ksx dsoy Hkkjr esa gksrk Fkk vkSj if'peh nqfu;k esa diM+s dk mi;ksx 2000 ;k 3000 lky ckn rd ugha iSQy ik;kA blds vfrfjDr felz eslksiksVkfe;k vFkok if'peh ns'kksa esa dgha Hkh gesa oSls cf<+;k cus gq, Luku x`g vFkok yEcs&pkSM+s ?kj ugha feyrs tSls fd eksgu tksnM+ks ds ukxfjd vius mi;ksx esa ykrs FksA mu ns'kksa esa nsorkvksa ds 'kkunkj efUnjksa vkSj jktkvksa ds fy, egyksa vkSjj lekf/;ksa ds cukus ij vf/ d /u [kpZ fd;k tkrk FkkA ijUrq tku iM+rk gS fd turk dks feêðh dh NksVh >ksaifM;ksa ls lUrks"k djuk iM+rk FkkA fla/q ?kkVh esa blls mYVh gh rLohj fn[kkbZ nsrh gS vkSj cf<+;k ls cf<+;k bekjrsa ;gk¡ feyrh gSa ftuesa vke ukxfjd jgk djrs FksA fla/q ?kkVh dh dyk vkSj /eZ Hkh mrus vn~Hkqr gSa vkSj mu ij ,d fof'k"B Nki gSA bl dky ds nwljs ns'kksa esa ge dksbZ ,slh oLrq ugha tkurs] tks 'kSyh dh n`f"V ls ;gk¡ dh phuh feêðh dh cuh HksM+ksa (dqÙkksa vkSj i'kqvksa dh ewfrZ ls feyrh gksa ;k mu ij [kqnh eqgjksa ls fo'ks"kdj ftu ij NksVs lhaxksa ds dwcM+ okys cSyksa dh uDdk'kh gS vkSj tks cukus ds dkS'ky ;k lqMksy iu dh n`f"V ls vuqie gSaA u ;gh lEHko gksxk fd gM+Iik esa ikbZ xbZ nks NksVh ewfrZ;ksa dh rqyuk cukoV dh lq?kM+kbZ ds fopkj ls fdUgha vU; ewfrZ;ksa ls dj ldsa ;wukuh lH;rk ds izkS<+dky ds le; dh ewfrZ;ksa ds flok;A fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ds yksxksa ds /eZ esa ,slh ckrsa gSa] ftuls feyrh gqbZ ckrsa vU; ns'kksa esa fey ldrh gSaA ;g ckr lkjs iwoZ ,sfrgkfld ,oa ,sfrgkfld /eks± ds ckjs esa lR; Bgjrh gSA ijUrq lc dqN gksrs gq, Hkh mudk /eZ bruh fof'k"Brk ds lkFk Hkkjrh; gSaA**&5 izks- pkbYM dgrs gSa&^^blls Li"V :i ls ;g fu"d"kZ fudyrk gS fd fla/q ?kkVh ds uxjksa ds dkjhxj foØ; ds fy, lkeku rS;kj djrs FksA bl lkeku ds fofue; dh lqfo/

k gsrq lekt us flDdksa dk pyu vkSj dherksa ds fu/kZj.k dh dksbZ i¼fr Lohdkj dh Fkh ;k ugha vkSj ;fn dh Fkh rks og D;k Fkh\ bldk Bhd irk ugha gSA cgqr ls cM+s vkSj foLr`r edkukas ds lkFk yxs gq, lqjf{kr xksnkeksa ls irk pyrk gS fd bu ?kjksa ds ekfyd lkSnkxj ;k O;kikjh FksA bu ?kjksa dh la[;k vkSj vkdkj ;g crkrs gSa fd ;gk¡ ij ?kuh vkSj lEiUu O;kikfj;ksa dh cLrh FkhA bu [k.Mgjksa esa lksus&pkanh] dherh iRFkjksa vkSj phuh feêðh ds tsoj] fiVs gq, rkEcs ds crZu /krq ds cus vkStkj vkSj gfFk;kj bruh cgqrk;r esa feys gSa fd vk'p;Z gksrk gSA xfy;ksa dh lqUnj rjrhc vkSj ukfy;ksa dh cf<+;k O;oLFkk rFkk mudh cjkcj liQkbZ bl ckr dk ladsr nsrs gSa fd ;gk¡ dksbZ E;qfufliy 'kklu Fkk vkSj og viuk dke cM+h rRijrk ls djrk FkkA og 'kklu bruk n`<+ Fkk fd ck<+ dh otg ls ckj&ckj cuh bZekjrksa dh rS;kjh ds le; Hkh uxj&fuekZ.k vkSj lM+dksa dh drkjksa dh j{kk djus ds fu;eksa dk ikyu fd;k tkrk FkkA**&6 ^^fla?kq ?kkVh lH;rk dh ,d fyfi Fkh] ftls vkt czkãh ;k [kks"Vh ekuk tkrk gS] tks izkÑr] ikfy ;k viHkza'k Hkk"kkvksa dh fyfi le>k tkrk gSA ;s Hkk"kk,a ml le; izpfyr FkhaA iqjkrkfRod lk{;ksa esa gesa vusdksa izrhd fpUg izkIr gq, gSa] tks /kfeZd egÙo ds gSa mu izrhdksa dk laca/ fo'ks"k :i ls ckS¼ /Ee ls gS ftuesa cksf/o`{k dk izrhd fpUg] gkFkh vkSj fgju tSls ia'kq gSaA lEHkor;k vR;Ur egÙoiw.kZ ikyFkh ekjs cSBh vusdksa ewfrZ;k¡ gSa] ftuds gkFk ?kqVuksa ij fVds gsa] v/[kqyh vk¡[ksa uhpa >qdh gSa fd ,d ne foi';uk dh eqæk esa gSaA bu iqjkrkfRod [kkstksa dk iz[;kr fo}kuksa ds }kjk vè;;u fd;k x;k ftudk fu"d"kZ gS fd ge fo'okl iwoZd dg ldrs gSa fd ;g fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ds ewy dh foi';uk lk/uk dh [kkst gSA tc ge fla/ q ?kkVh lH;rk ds /eZ ds o.kZu ij vk;ks± ds vfHkys[kksa&osnksa ij utj Mkyrs gSa rks ikrs gS fd ?kqeDdM+ ifjozktdksa dk LoPNUn :i esa o.kZu fd;k x;k gS fd os czãpkjh gksrs FksA os dfBu thou fcrkrs Fks os dHkh&dHkh uaxs jgrs Fks ;k lk/kj.k oL=k igurs FksA os cs?kj ckj okys ?kwers jgrs Fks vkSj os tUe&ej.k ds vkxs dk ekxZ crkrs FksA ;fn ge iqjkrkfRod vkSj vk;ks± ds lk{;ksa dks ,d lkFk j[ksa rks

ikrs gSa fd fla/q ?kkVh ds yksxksa ds /eZ dh Li"V rLohj feyrh gS] ftlesa egÙo dh ckrsa gSa %& 1- foi';uk ;k è;ku&Hkkouk dk pyuA 2- R;kx&x`gR;kx vkSj ifjokj R;kx dj ifjozktd thou fcrkukA 3- iqutZUe dh vo/kj.kk&vusd tUeksa dh Jaa[kyk dh ekU;rkA 4- bl thou ds ikj uSfrd nkf;Ro dk fuokZg djukA 5- deZ ds fu;e dh vo/ kj.kkA 6- /kfeZd thou dk y{;&eqfDr dk y{; fuokZ.kA izkphu Hkkjrh; lH;rk ds ;s mUur y{k.k gSaA**&7 lksfo;r fonw"kh MkW- dksjksRLdk;k dgrh gS%& ^^,d ckr ftls lHkh fo}ku Lohdkjrs gSa] ;g gS fd gM+Iik laLÑfr ,d ekSfyd laLÑfr FkhA mlds tud vk;Z ;k lqesjh yksx ugha Fks ftUgsa oSKkfudksa us æfoM+ uke fn;k gSA fo}kuksa ds fy, ;g Hkh de vk'p;Z dh ckr ugha gS fd bM+Iik laLÑfr ds uxjksa esa felz ;k lqes: tSls HkO; efUnj vkSj jkt izklkn ugha ferysA eksgu tksnM+ks dk mRd"kZ dky 22 oha vkSj 19 oha 'krh bZlk iwoZ vk¡dk x;k gSA dkyhcaxu esa gMIik laLÑfr ds izkjafHkd laLrjksa dks 22 oha 'krh bZlk iwoZ vkSj vfUre laLrjksa dks 18&17&oha 'krh bZlk iwoZ ekuk x;k gSA dkfB;kokM+ izk;}hi ij gM+IikbZ cfLr;k¡ eksgu tksnM+ks vkSj gM+Iik tSls eq[; dsUæksa ds viad"kZ ds ckn Hkh nh?kZdky rd 10 oha 'krh bZlkiwoZ rd iQyrh&iQwyrh jghA vius mRd"kZ dky esa gM+Iik laLÑfr if'peh ls iwjc 1600 fdyks ehVj yEcs vkSj mÙkj ls nf{k.k 1100 fdyksehVj pkSM+s HkwHkkx esa iQSyh gqbZ FkhA mldk dqy {ks=kiQy izkphu ;qx ds felz jkT; dk nks xquk vkSj lqes: dk pkj xquk FkkA**&8 fla/q ?kkVh esa cls gM+Iik yksx /hjs&/ hjs nf{k.k dh vksj c<+sA ;g ns'kkUrj ;k jkT;foLrkj pwafd eq[; :i esa leqæh ekxZ ls gqvk Fkk blfy, vjc lkxj ds fdukjs&fdukjs gM+Iik cfLr;ksa dh ,d yEch Ja[kyk feyrh gSA lcls ijorhZ cLrh lqÙkdaxnksj Fkh] tks ,d cUnj xkg Fkk vkSj djkaph ls 500 fdyksehVj if'pe esa fLFkr gSA iwjc esa gM+IikbZ cfLr;ksa ds vo'ks"k if'peh mÙkj izns'k esa vkye xhj] tuin esjB rd iQSyh gq, FksA iqjkrRo osÙkkvksa dks 1950&1970 ds chp mR[kuu esa 80 ls vf/


d gM+IikbZ cfLr;k¡ feyh gSa] ftuesa ls 40 dks 'kgjh <ax dh cfLr;k¡ dgk tk ldrk gSaA iqjkrRo osÙkkvksa us mÙkjh jktLFkku dh ?kXxj vkSj pkSVkax ufn;ksa] tks vkt lw[ks ukys jg x, gSa] muds fdukjs cgqla[;d izkphu cfLr;ksa ds vo'ks"k feys gSaA ?kXxj ds rV ij dkyh caxu uked cM+k gM+IikbZ uxj fLFkr FkkA Hkkjr ds {ks=k esa yksFky] dkyh caxu jksiM+ vkfn dbZ cM+s gM+IikbZ uxjksa dk foLr`r vè;;u gks pqdk gSA fdUrq xzkeh.k cfLr;ksa dh vkSj fo}kuksa us vHkh yxHkx dksbZ è;ku ugha fn;k gSaA**&9 miyC/ izek.kksa ds vuqlkj ns'k esa ,d vfrlqxfBr dsUæh;Ñr iz'kklu iz.kkyh dk vfLrRo FkkA bM+IikbZ cfLr;ksa esa ge uxj&fuekZ.k ls ysdj lkekU; ?kjsyw oLrqvksa rd ekuo dk;Z&dyki ls lEc¼ gj fdlh oLrq dk rRdkyhu eki n.M dh n`f"V ls vHkwr iwoZ vkSj vkt Hkh vlk/kj.k lk izrhr gksus okyh iw.kZ :irk ikrs gSaA gM+Iik jkT; ds fons'k O;kikj us fu'p; gh mRiknd 'kfDr ds fodkl dks izsfjr fd;k gksxkA fiQj Hkh tSlk fd iqjkrkfRod rF;ksa ls irk yxrk gS] mldh vFkZO;oLFkk dk vk/kj flafpr Ñf"k FkhA gM+IikbZ lekt esa O;kikjh vkSj f'kYih oxks± ds yksxksa dk fof'k"B LFkku FkkA cM+s uxjksa dk vfLrRo bldh iqf"V djrk gS] D;ksa fd uxjhdj.k dk mPp Lrj rHkh ik;k tkrk ldrk gSaA**&10 ^^;krk;kr iz.kkyh ds fodkl esa ifg;s nkj ifjogu&lk/u egÙoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gSaA iqjkrRoosÙkkvksa dks [kqnkbZ esa izkIr nks ifg;k f[kykSuk cSyxkM+h tSls ifjogu lk/u ds vfLrRo dh iqf"V djrh gSA ;g ifg;s nkj ifjogu dk fo'o esa lcls izkphu izek.k Hkh gSA Bhd ,slh gh cSyxkM+h Hkkjr dh lM+dksa ij vkt Hkh ns[kh tk ldrh gSA fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ds yksxksa ds ijLij lEidZ vkSj lEizs"k.k dk egÙoiw.kZ lk/u ys[ku dyk FkhA gM+Iik laLÑfr ds LFkyksa ls iRFkj rFkk feêðh ds ys[k eDr ,d gtkj ls vf/d eksgjsa ikbZ xbZ gSa] ftu ij rjg&rjg ds yxHkx pkj lkS èoU;kRed (vkokt djus okys) vkSj fp=kfyI;kRed fpUg cus gq, gSaA izk;% eksgjsa ij i'kqvksa] if{k;ksa] eNfy;ksa] euq";ksa vkfn ds vR;Ur fuiq.krkiwoZd fufeZr mn~?k`r fp=k Hkh ik;s tkrs gSaA**&11 gM+Iik ds nqxZ esa fo'kky vUu Hk.Mkj

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vkSj vukt dh liQkbZ] dqVkbZ] filkbZ vkfn ds pcwrjs ik;s tkrs gSaA laHkor% gM+IikbZ lekt esa Je lkekftd laxBu izpfyr FkkA vkSj bldh cnkSyr jkT; ds ikl vUu ds izpqj Hk.Mkj FksA iqjkrkfRod [kkstksa ls irk pyk gS fd ml ;qx esa xsgw¡] tkS] /ku vkSj pus dh [ksrh dh tkrh FkhA eksgu tksnM+ks esa ,d ?kj ds vgkrs esa jksVh idkus dk ,d runwj Hkh ik;k x;k gSA mu yksxksa ds drkbZ vkSj cqukbZ ds /U/s Hkh fodflr FksA [kqnkbZ eas gM+Iik dh eksgj yxs lwrh diM+s ds vo'ks"k feys gSaA**&12 gM+IikbZ uxjksa ds [k.Mgjksa ls izkIr lksus&pk¡nh] ghjkas rFkk iQk;Ul ds vkHkw"k.kksa] rkEcs ds crZuksa vkSj /krq ds mioj.kksa ls irk pyrk gS fd fla/q lH;rk ds yksx /krqvksa dh xykbZ rFkk <ykbZ ds dkS'ky ls Hkyh&Hkk¡fr ifjfpr FksA [kqnkbZ esa izkIr vufxur ckV vkSj rjktw ml dky esa O;kikfjd xfr fof/;ksa ds cM+s iSekus dk izek.k izLrqr djrs gSaA Lo.kZ vkSj dherh iRFkj nf{k.k Hkkjr ls vk;kr gksrs FksA eky&fofue; ds fy, vkcknh ds dsUæksa vkSj O;kikfjd {ks=kksa ds chp vko';d lEidZ ty rFkk Fky ekxks± }kjk LFkkfir fd;k tkrk FkkA eksgjksa ij eLrwynkj iksrksa ds fp=k crkrs gSa fd tgkt jkuh fdruh vf/d fodflr FkhA rhu gtkj bZlk iwoZ ds gM+Iik ds yksxksa }kjk fufeZr iksr Hkkjr ds ewy fuokfl;ksa }kjk vkt dy cuk;s tkus okys mu iksrksa ls fdlh Hkh izdkj NksVs u Fks] ftudh

{kerk ik¡p ls lkB Vu ds chp gkssrh Fkh vkSj tks djkph ls cljk rd nks gtkj fdyksehVj ls vf/d nwjh dks nks eghus esa r; dj ysrs FksA gM+Iik dky esa iksr&fuekZ.k vkSj leqæxeu vR;kf/d fodflr gksus dh iqf"V yksFky esa gqbZ vlk/kj.k [kkstksa ls gqbZ gSA ;gk¡ bl uxj esa izkphu fo'o ds lcls cM+s iksr fuekZ.k m|ksx dh fo|ekurk ds HkkSfrd izek.k ik, x, gSa tkSls vk;rkdkj (218 xq.kk 37 ehVj) iksr fuekZ.k xksnh] ukSdk?kkV] iRFkj ds yaxj bR;kfnA iksr fuekZ.k dk vuqeku ;gha ls izkIr ,d iDde`fr dk f[kykSuk ukSdk ls yxk;k tk ldrk gS] ftlesa eLrwy ds fy, Nsn Hkh cuk gqvk gSA**&13 eksgu tksnM+ksa dh lM+dksa ij Vgyrs gq, tk¡u ek'kZy dgrs gSa&^^lgt gh yadk'kk;j dh ;kn vk vkth gSA ;gk¡ ij oSlh gh uaxh iwjh rjg ls ltkoV jfgr bZaVksa dh nhokjsa gSaA ,dne mi;ksfxrk ewyd bekjrsaA vkSj rks vkSj bXyS.M esa fuekZ.k esa iz;qDr bZaVksa dk vkdkj Hkh ogh gSA Hkkjrh; okLrq f'kYi ds fy, tks lTtk&vydaj.kksa dh vf/drk ds fy, izkfl¼ gS ltkoV dk ;g vHkko vkSj Hkh vk'p;Z tud gks ldrk gS fd eksgu tksnM+ksa esa dksbZ lTtk iz;ksx dh tkrh jgh gks_ ijUrq ftl lkexzh ij og dh xbZ Fkh mldh vnh?kZ thfork ds dkj.k og yqIr gks xbZ gksA ;g D;k ydM+h dk dke Fkk] fp=kdkjh Fkh ;k dqN vkSj Fkk\ ysfdu mlds okLrfod izek.k rks gSa ughaA**&14


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Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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fla/q ?kkVh esa bruh vuqie ekuo&lH;rk dh tUeLFkyh dk vfLrRo bfrgkl ds fy, vikj egÙo j[kus okyk ,d vk'p;Z tud rF; gSA ijUrq os thor ijEijk,a vkSj lw=k Hkh tks vkt ds Hkkjr dks vrhr ls tksM+rs gSa] de vk'p;Z tud vkSj bfrgkl ds fy, de egÙoiw.kZ ugha gSaA gM+Iik dh egku foy{k.k laLÑfr dk izHkko Hkkjr dh turk ds thou ds vusdkusd igyqvksa ij muds jgu&lgu] /eZ] dykRed l`tu] okLrqdyk vkSj uxjfuekZ.k dyk ij vkt Hkh vuqHko fd;k tkrk gSA Hkkjr dh bl izkphure laLÑfr us u dsoy Hkkjr vfirq iwjc ds vusd ns'kksa dh laLÑfr ds leLr mÙkjdkyhu bfrgkl vkSj fodkl ij viuh vfeV Nki NksM+h gSA Hkkjrh; ,sfrgkfld ijEijk ds vuqlkj xaxk dh ?kkVh esa uxjksa dk vfLrRo rhljh&pkSFkh lglzkCnh bZlk iwoZ esa Hkh FkkA fdUrq iqjkrRo fonksa dks bl {ks=k esa vHkh ,slk ,d Hkh cM+k uxj ugha feyk ftls vkBoha 'krkCnh bZlk iwoZ ls igys dk ekuk tk ldsA ;gk¡ dkS'kkEch] jktxhj] ikVfyiq=k vfgPN=k rkezfyfi (rkeqyqd cUnjxkg) vkfn uxjksa dh [kqnkbZ dh xbZ FkhA**&15 ;|kfi bl esa dksbZ lUnsg ugha fd ns'k ds dqN Hkkxksa esa gM+Iik dky ls gh uxj&fuekZ.k esa iDdh bZaVksa dk mi;ksx gksrk jgk FkkA eFkqjk] ikVfyiq=k jktx`g lkjukFk rFkk dbZ vU; uxjksa esa bZlkiwoZ ls bZLoh lu~ dh izkjafHkd 'kfr;ksa rd ds vkSj vf/d ckn ds dky esa Hkh bZaVksa ls fufeZr Hkouksa ds vo'ks"k feys gSaA ;g ckr mYys[kuh; gS fd bZaVksa dk vkdkj gM+IikbZ bZaVksa tSlk 28 xq.kk 13-3 xq.kk 5-7 lsUVhehVj cuk jgkA jktx`g esa /krq dh cM+h&cM+h 90 xq.kk 150 lsUVhehVj rd yEch xqfTt;ksa ls vkil esa tqM+s fo'kky fcuk rjk'ks izLrj[k.Mksa ls fufeZr nhokj ds vo'ks"k ik;s x, gSa tks izkphu Hkkjrh; LFkkiR; esa] izLrj&fpukbZ dh ,d vk|re ,oa vuqie felky is'k djrs gSaA**&16 ^^1500 bZ- iw- esa tc vk;Z yksx Hkkjr esa vk, rks mudk ,d /eZ Fkk] ftls oSfnd /eZ dgk tkrk FkkA og /eZ iwjh rjg /eZ fujis{k FkkA bl ckr dk lk{; bl :i esa miyC/ gksrk gS fd xkSre cq¼ ls iwoZdky esa oSfnd /EkZ esa o.kks± dk fu/kZj.k xq.k] deZ

vkSj LoHkko ds vuqlkj ,d desVh fd;k djrh FkhA] ftlesa czkã.k] ½f"k rFkk fo}ku gksrs FksA mlds ckn muds dk;ks± dh fuxjkuh ;gh desVh djrh Fkh vkSj pkj lky ckn iqufoZpkj fd;k tkrk Fkk ftuesa ls vusdksa dk o.kZ cnyk tkrk FkkA lkFk gh miu;u ;k ;Kksiohr laLdkj f'k{kk dh lekfIr ds ckn xq:dqy esa lEiUu fd;k tkrk FkkA bl desVh dk dk;Zdky pkj o"kZ dk gksrk Fkk] ftls ;qx dgk tkrk FkkA euqLe`fr esa o.kZO;oLFkk dks iwjh rjg tkfr O;oLFkk esa cny fn;kk x;kA vc miu;u laLdkj dk vf/dkj Hkh czkã.k dks ns fn;k x;k] ftls og vius ?kj ij gh lEiUu djysrk FkkA vkt Hkh ,slk gh izpyu gSaA**&17 Hkkjr esa vkdj vk;Z yksx vius /kfeZd lekt dk foLrkj djuk pkgrs FksA vk;ks± ds /eZ vkSj ;wukfu;ksa ds /eZ esa dbZ lekurk,a feyrh gSA ;wukuh dqynso dk o.kZu i<+us ls muds dqy nso vkSj vk;ks± ds dqy nso esa lekurk feyrh gSA ,slk izpyu lezkV v'kksd ds le; rd jgk] ftlesa dqynso dh iwtk jktiqjksfgr lEiUu djrk FkkA lezkV v'kksd us ckS¼ /Ee nh{kk xzg.k djus ds ckn ;g lkspdj fd esjh 'kj.k dsoy cq¼&/Ee vkSj la?k gS rks eq>s dqynso dh iwtk ls D;k eryc gS\ vr% mlus dqynso dh iwtk cUn dj nhA ;gha ls czkã.kh foæksg vkSj vf/d rhoz gqvk] ftldh ifjxfr v'kksd ds ikS=k czgæFk dk

iq.; fe=k 'kqax us] tks mldk lsukifr Fkk] o/ dj ds Lo;a lÙkk gfFk;kbZ vkSj mldh ns[kjs[k esa euqLe`fr dh jpuk dh xbZA**&18 vk;ks± ds cgqr ls nso gksrs Fks] ftUgsa izkÑfrd ?kVukvksa dk izrhd cuk fn;k x;k tSls bUæ dks fctyh vkSj rwiQku dh 'kfDr okyk nsork ekuk x;k] vfXu dks vkx dk nsork o:.k dks ikuh dk nsork ekuk tkrk gSA vk;ks± ds /kfeZd <+k¡ps esa iqjksfgr cM+k egÙoiw.kZ gksrk gS tcfd fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk esa ifjozktd (x`gR;kxh czãpkjh fHkD[kq) vR;Ur egÙo dk O;fDr gksrk FkkA fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk esa R;kx /kfeZd thou dk vkn'kZ Fkk tcfd vk;Z /eZ esa x`gLFk dks vkn'kZ ekuk tkrk FkkA fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk esa iq=kksa vkSj lUrfr dks vLohÑr fd;k tkrk FkkA fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk esa foi';uk lk/uk dh izkfIr djrs Fks tcfd vk;Z /eZ eas cfydeZ dks nsorkvksa ds lkFk lEidZ] yM+kbZ;ksa esa fot; ikus] lUrku dh izkfIr vkSj LoxZ tkus dk lk/u ekuk tkrk FkkA fla/q?kkVh lH;rk esa deZ&fu;e vkSj iqutZUe esa fo'okl ik;k tkrk gS tcfd vk;Z lH;rk esa iqutZUe dh dksbZ vo/kj.kk ugha gSA fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk esa uSfrd nkf;Ro dh vo/kj.kk gksrh gS tcfd vk;Z lH;rk esa ,slh dksbZ ckr ugha gSA okLro esa vk;Z lH;rk esa fu"Bk dk mPp vkn'kZ mu ewY;ksa dk vkn'kZ Fkk tks vk;Z leqnk; dks 'kfDr iznku djus esa


;ksxnku djsaA fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk esa /kfeZd thou dk y{; eqfDr ;k fuokZ.k vFkkZr dker`".kk&Hkor`".kk&foHkor`".kk dk ewykssPNsn gS rkfd lalkjpØ ;k thou&ej.k ds pDdj ls eqfDr izkIr gks tcfd vk;ZlH;rk esa /kfeZd thou dk y{; LoxZ dh izkfIr gS] tks bl thou dh iw.kZrk dk vkn'kZ ekuk tkrk gSA**&19 izkphu Hkkjrh; /eZ dk 500 bZlkiwoZ ls 600 bZlkiwoZ rd dk bfrgkl vFkkZr cq¼dky rd ,d gtkj o"kZ dkk bfrgkl nksuksa /eks± esa fojks/kHkk"kh jgk gSA vk;Z yksx /hjs&/hjs Hkkjrh; migk}hi esa cl x,A tSls gh mudk ewy fuokfl;ksa dk 'kks"k.k djuk cUn gqvk rks /hsjs&/hjs nksuksa ,d nwljs ds /kfeZd fojks/h fopkj izHkkfor gq,A vkil esa lEidZ c<+k vkSj ,d nwljs esa ?kqyfey x,A tSls xaxk&;equk nksuksa cM+h ufn;ksa dk mnxe vyx&vyx gS mudh /kjk vyx&vyx cgrh gSA ijUrq bykgkckn esa nksuksa dk foy; gks tkrk gS vkSj caxky dh [kkM+h esa dsoy xaxk unh ds uke ls cgrh gqbZ leqæ esa tk fxjrh gSA ,sls gh fl¼kFkZ xkSre ds tUe vkSj ckn esa cq¼Ùo izkIr dj lE;d lEcq¼ gks tkus rd cM+k fo"ketkrh; n`'; ik;k tkrk gsA mnkgj.k ds fy, tc fl¼kFkZ dk tUe gqvk rks nks oxksZ us mudh egkurk dh Hkfo";ok.kh dh FkhA igyh Hkfo";ok.kh vflr ½f"k us dh Fkh] tks czkã.k Fkk vkSj igkM+ksa esa jgrk FkkA**&20 vflr dh Hkfo";ok.kh Fkh&^^ftl izdkj dHkh dgha bl lalkj esa mnwEcj ;k xwyj iqf"ir gksrk gS] mlh izdkj vuUr ;qxksa ds vuUrj bl lalkj esa dgha cq¼ dk mRikn gksrk gSA blh izdkj fu'p; ls ;g ckyd cksf/ykHk djsxk lE;d lEcq¼ cusxk vkSj rnuUrj vuUr izkf.k;ksa dks bl nq%[ke; lkxj ds ikj ystkdj lq[kh djsxkA**&21 nwljh Hkfo";ok.kh vkB czkã.kksa us dh Fkh] ftuds uke Fks jke] èot] y{e.k] ea=kh] dksM×t] Hkkst] lq;ke vkSj lqnÙkA mUgksaus dgk&^^egkjkt! fuf'pUr jgsa vkids ;gk¡ ,d iq=k gksxkA ;fn og ?kj esa jgsxk rks pØorhZ jktk gksxkA ;fn x`gR;kx dj lU;klh gksxk rks og cq¼ cusxk& lalkj ds va/dkj dk uk'k djus okykA**&22 ;s yksx iqjksfgr oxZ ls Fks vkSj x`gLFk thou fcrkrs FksA vk;Z lH;rk ds ewy vkSj

lgh <ax ls ;g ,d laLFkku ls tqM+k mnkgj.k gSA ;g dSls laHko gqvk fd ;s nks ijEijk,a&fla/q?kkVh lH;rk vkSj vk;Z lH;rk tks izkjafHkd le; ls bruh fHkUu Fkha feyus ;ksX; gks xbZ\ bldk mÙkj gS fd nks gtkj bZlk iwoZ vkSj fl¼kFkZ ds tUe ds vUrjk ls Hkkjrh; yksxksa ds thou esa ifjorZu vk x;kA Hkkjr ds eSnkuh Hkw Hkkx dks thrus ij vk;Z&foLrkj lekIr gks x;kA bl foLrkj ds vUr esa vusd lkekftd vkfFkZd vkSj jktuSfrd ifjorZu gq,%&tutkrh; jktuSfrd lekt dk fodkl izknsf'kd jkT;&jkT; laLFkku esa gks x;k rkfd vf/d le; rd ,d tutkfr vfrfudV O;fDrxr fu"Bk u j[k ldsA vc izknsf'kd jkT; esa fofHkUu tutkfr;ksa ds yksx ,d lkFk jgus yxsA cq¼ dky esa ex/ jkT; ij fcfEclkj dk 'kklu gksuk izknsf'kd jkT; cuus dk ,d mnkgj.k gSA 2- [kkukcnks'k ;k ;k;koj pjokgk thou 'kSyh /hjs&/hjs vf/drj uxjh; Ñ"kd thou 'kSyh esa LFkkfir gks xbZA blfy, yksx vc uxj dsUæksa esa jgus yxs vkSj izkÑfrd 'kfDr;ksa ls vyx gks x, ftls nsorkvksa ds :i esa LFkkfir dj fn;k x;kA 3- vkfFkZd :i esa vc O;kikj egÙoiw.kZ gks x;kA 4- blhfy, vk;Z lH;rk ds vkjafHkd fnuksa esa iqjksfgr vkSj lSfud vfr egÙoiw.kZ gksrs FksA iqjksfgr bl dkj.k fd nsoksa ls lEidZ dj lds vkSj lSfud bl dkj.k fd 'k=kq ls ;q¼ yM+s vkSj ml leqnk; dk uk'k djsA 5- cq¼dky esa O;kikj ds egÙo dk lqnÙk ftls vukFk&fi.Md dgk tkrk Fkk] ,d mnkgj.k gS D;ksafd ml le; O;kikjh vf/d egÙo iw.kZ gks x;k FkkA**&23 bl lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd&jktuSfrd ifjorZu ls vk;ks± esa [kqykiu vk;k vkSj vk;ks± us fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ds fopkjksa dks Lohdkj dj fy;kA vk;ks± us lSfudksa ds cy ij fla/ q ?kkVh lH;rk ds yksxksa dks ijkLr fd;kA ijUrq mlds ,d gtkj ls nks gtkj o"kks± rd mUgsa fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ds fopkjksa ds izHkko esa vkrs gq, yxkrkj ns[kk x;kA blhfy, bZLoh lu~ dh igyh dqN lfn;ksa esa vk;Z ijEijk vkSj fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk esa Hksn djuk vf/ dkf/d dfBu gksrk x;kA okLro esa ;g ,d

rF; gS fd ;s fupys Lrj dh feF;k n`f"V gS] tc ,slk dgk tkrk gS fd ckS¼ /Ee czkã.kh ;k fgUnw /eZ ds fo:¼ ,d foæksg gS vFkok ,slk dguk fd ckS¼ /Ee fgUnw /eZ dh 'kk[kk gS_ D;ksafd izkjafHkd dky esa vk;ks± dk /eZ oSfnd /eZ dgk tkrk Fkk tks cq¼ dky vkrs&vkrs czkã.k /eZ dgk tkus yxk vkSj orZeku le; esa og fgUnw /eZ dgk tkrk gSA ^^ckS¼ /Ee ,d ,slk /eZ gS] ftlesa R;kx] foi';uk] deZ] iqutZUe] fuokZ.k ;k vuUr eqfDr tSls vR;Ur izsj.kknk;d fopkjksa dks fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ls xzg.k fd;k x;kA rFkkxr cq¼ us Lo;a ladsr fd;k fd fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk mudh ijEijk dk ewy gSA tc rFkkxr us dgk fd ftl ekxZ dh mUgksaus f'k{kk nh og izkphu ekxZ Fkk vkSj mudk y{; ,d izkphu y{; FkkA ge xkSre cq¼ ls iwoZ 27 cq¼ksa dks ekurs gS tks bl ;qx ds FksA bu lc ckrksa ds dkj.k gesa fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk vkSj rFkkxr cq¼ dh f'k{kkvksa esa fujUrjrk feyrh gSaA ;fn ge ckS¼ /Ee vkSj fgUnw / eZ ij utj Mkysa rks ge ik,axs fd dekscs'k vuqikr esa fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk vkSj vk;Z lH;rk&nksuksa ijEijkvksa us cq¼ dh f'k{kkvksa dks xzg.k fd;kA ckS¼ /Ee esa vf/d ek=kk esa fla/q ?kkVh lH;rk ds rRoksa dks xzg.k fd;k x;k tcfd vk;Z lH;rk ls cgqr de va'k fy;k x;kA ;gh dkj.k gS fd ckS¼ xzaFkksa esa vk;Z nsoksa dk o.kZu feyrk gS] ;|fi mudh Hkwfedk de egÙo dh gSA ckS¼ /Ee esa vk;Z rRo dk ;g ,d mnkgj.k gSA blds foijhr fgUnq/eZ esa vf/d ek=kk esa vk;Z lH;rk ls xzg.k fd;s x,s rRo gSaA fgUnq/eZ esa tkfr ij tksj fn;k x;k gS] vk;ks± ds /kfeZd xzaFk osnksa ij cy fn;k x;k gS vkSj ,d dksus esa è;ku] R;kx] deZ vkSj iqutZUe dks j[k fn;k x;k gSaA**&24 lUnHkZ&xzaFk %& Š izkphu Hkkjrh; bfrgkl& vkj- lh- etwenkj&1Š iQk.Mkes.VYl vkWiQ cqf¼Te& ihVj Mh- lkfUruk &2] 7] 19] 20] 23] 24 Š fMLdojh vkWiQ bf.M;k&tokgjyky usg:&3] 4] 5] 6 ŠHkkjr ds uxj&,d ,sfrgkfld flgkWoyksdu&MkW- dksjksRLdk;k&8] 9] 10] 12] 13] 14] 15] 16 Š fjoksY;w'ku ,.M dkm.Vj fjoksY;w'ku bu ,af'k;V bf.M;k&MkWch- vkj- vkEcsMdj&17] 18 Š Hkxoku cq¼ vkSj mudk /eZ&MkW- ch- vkj- vkEcsMdj &21] 22

ys[kd&fn cqf¼LV lkslk;Vh vkWiQ bf.M;k] Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk ds iwoZ jk"Vªh; mikè;{k gSaA

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

36

lkekftd ifjorZu dh n`f"V ls /kEe ØkfUr dk egÙo #

MkW-foey dhfrZ

Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ØkfUr vkSj izfrØkfUr dk bfrgkl gSa bl ckr dks MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj us vius ys[kksa] O;k[;kuksa] xzUFkksa esa foLrkj ls o.kZu fd;k gSaA mUgksaus bl ckr dks dHkh Lohdkj ugha fd;k fd Hkkjr dk bfrgkl dsoy oSfnd laLÑfr] czkã.kh laLÑfr] fgUnw laLÑfr dk gh bfrgkl gSaA cfYd mudh ;g ekU;rk jgh gS fd Hkkjrh; laLÑfr dbZ laLÑfr;ksa ls cuh gS vkSj izkphu dky ls gh Hkkjr esa dbZ laLÑfr;ka jgh gSA ikfy&frfiVd lkfgR; esa gesa le.k vkSj czkã.k nks laLÑfr;ksa dk mYys[k feyrk gSaA czkã.k laLÑfr dk tUe osn&oSfnd dky ls gksrk gS vkSj le.k laLÑfr dk tUe osn&oSfnd iwoZ dky ls gksrk gSA bl le.k laLÑfr esa osn&oSfnd iwoZ dky dh lkekftd] /kfeZd vkSj nk'kZfud fopkj/ kjkvksa dks lfEefyr gSaA vkSj ;g czkã.k laLÑfr cq¼ iwoZ dky ls eryc osn&oSfnd dky ls pys vk jgh gS tks le.k laLÑfr ds ckn dh laLÑfr gSaA tks yksx bl ckr dk izpkj djrs gS] feF;k izpkj djrs gSa fd oSfnd laLÑfr gh Hkkjr dh lc ls izkphu laLÑfr gS og xyr izpkj dj jgs gSa] >wB cksy jgs gSaA MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj dh ;g ekU;rk Fkh fd] osn&oSfnd dky iwoZ Hkkjrh; lekt o.kZ vkSj tkfr esa caVk gqvk ugha FkkA ogka tUe] oa'k] tkfr ds vk/kj ij euq"; dks mQap ;k uhp ugha ekuk tkrk FkkA bl lekt dks tUe&tkfr] o.kZ esa ckaVus dk dke oSfnd /eZ] czkã.kh /eZ us fd;k gSA Hkkjrh; lekt esa tUe ij vk/kfjr tkfrokn] tkfrHksn dh uhao ;gh ls iM+h gSA oSfnd /eZ vkSj laLÑfr us gh Hkkjrh; lekt esa tkfrokn dks iSnk fd;k gS] mldks ikyk&ikslk gS vkSj c<+k;k gS ftlesa Hkkjrh; lekt mPp tkfr esa vkSj uhp tkfr esa caV x;k vkSj ,d tkfr ds izfr nwljs tkfr ds eu esa ?k`.kk] }s"k] uiQjr vkSj vifo=k] veaxy] vNwr dh Hkkouk iSnk gks xbZ gSaA ½Xosn ds iq:"klwDr esa ^fojkV&iq:"k* dks tUe ij vk/kfjr tkfrokn dks] vNwriu dks

^

/Ee ØkfUr dks vPNh rjg le>us ds fy, mudk ^n cq¼k ,.M fgt /Ee (cq¼ vkSj mudk /Ee) ^xzFa k cgqr gh egÙoiw.kZ gSAa mlh izdkj Hkkjr esa lkekftd ØkfUr dh tM+kas dks etcwr djus dss fy, mudk ;g xzFa k jkg fn[kkus dk] ekxZn'kZu djus dk dke djrk gSAa

*

iSnk djus ds fy, ftEesnkj ekuk gSA ;g Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dh igyh izfrØkfUr gSA ;g osn&oSfnd laLÑfr dh izfrØkfUr ekuoh 'kks"k.k] mRihM+u ij vk/kfjr Fkh] lekt esa ^Hksn djks vkSj jkt djks* ds fl¼kUr ij vk/kfjr FkhA blhfy, T;ksfrCkk iQqys us osnksa dks Hksn iSnk djus okys dgk gS] tks xyr ugha gSAa osnksa dh bl izfrØkfUr ds f[kykiQ vkt ls rhu gtkj lky igys rFkkxr Hkxoku cq¼ us bl ns'k esa ØkfUr dh vkSj mUgksaus laiw.kZ czkã.kh fopkj] /eZ] ewY;k] laLÑfr] Hkk"kk] n'kZu vkpkj]fopkj dks udkjkA mlh izpkj mUgksaus oSfndksa ds o.kZokn] czkã.k Js"BRo dks udkjkA blhfy, MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj us rFkkxr Hkxoku cq¼ dks Hkkjr dk igyk ØkfUrdkjh ekuk gSaA gekjs ns'k esa ;g foMacuk gS fd ge jktuhfrd lÙkk ds f[kykiQ yM+us okyksa dks ØkfUrdkjh ekurs gSa] vkSj jktuhfrd lÙkk ifjorZu dks ØkfUr dgrs gSaA ysfdu tks O;oLFkk ifjorZu ds fy;s yM+rs gSa] lkekftd&lakLÑfrd ifjorZu ds fy;s yM+rs gSa mudks ØkfUrdkjh ugha ekurs gSaA MkW- ckck lkgsc vkEcsMdj us Hkkjr esa izpfyr bl

ekU;rk dks udkjk vkSj tks O;oLFkk ifjorZu ds fy;s yM+rs gSa] lkekftd&lkaLÑfrd ifjorZu ds fy;s yM+rs gSa mudks lgh vFkks± esa ØkfUrdkjh ekuk gSaA mUgksaus lekt O;oLFkk ifjorZu dks gh okLrfod ØkfUr ekuk gSaA mUgksaus Hkxoku cq¼ dks blhfy;s Hkkjr dk igyk ØkfUrdkjh ekuk gS D;ksafd mUgksaus czkã.kh /eZ dh nklrk ls Hkkjrh; lekt ds ,d cgqr cM+s tuleqnk; dks eqfDr dk jkLrk crk;k gSA MkW- vkEcsMdj dh n`f"V ls jktuhfrd ØkfUr ls Hkh c<+dj gksrh gS lkekftd lkaLÑfrd ØkfUrA Hkxoku cq¼ dh bl ØkfUr ds f[kykiQ czkã.kksa us iqug bl ns'k esa izfrØkfUr dks tUe fn;k vkSj mUgksaus viuh lÙkk] vius /eZ] vius lkfgR;] viuh laLÑfr] vius n'kZu ds ekè;e ls tkfrokn] tkfrHksn] vNwriu dks tUe fn;k vkSj mldks etcwr fd;kA czkã.kksa dh ;g O;oLFkk Ms<+&nks gtkj lky rd yksgs ds nhokj dh rjg etcwr jgh] fVdh jghA bl tkfrHksn dh vkSj vNwriu dh nhokjksa dks rksM+us dk dke MkW- ckck lkgsc vkEcsMdj us fd;kA os lu~ 1020 ls lu~ 1956 rd czkã.kokn ds f[kykiQ yM+rs jgs vkSj mUgksaus


14 vDVwcj 1956 dks /Ee ØkfUr dh vFkkZr~ mUgksaus cq¼ ds /Ee dks viuk;kA mudh ;g /Ee ØkfUr ,d lkekU; vFkZ eas ,d /eZ dks udkj dj nwljs /eZ dks viukuk ugha gSA ,d bZ'oj dks udkj dj nwljs bZ'oj dks viukus okyh ;g /Ee ØkfUr ugha gSaA mlh izdkj ;g /EeØkfUr ,d bZ'ojh xzaFk dks udkj dj nwljs bZ'ojhxzaFk dks viukus okyh ugha gSaA cfYd ;g /Ee ØkfUr lgh vFkks± esa lekt ifjorZu dh ØkfUr gS] lekt O;oLFkk ifjorZu dh ØkfUr gSaA mlh izdkj ;g /Ee ØkfUr laiw.kZ bZ'ojokn ds f[kykiQ gSaA D;ksafd MkW- vkEcsMdj ds bl /EeØkfUr esa euq"; dks] nq[kh] 'kksf"kr vkSj mRihfM+r euq"; dks egÙo fn;k x;k gSaA bl nss'k esa vkt ls rhu gtkj lky igys tks /Ee ØkfUr rFkkxr cq¼ us dh Fkh mlh /Ee ØkfUr dks MkW- vkEcsMdj us ifjorZu fd;k gS blfy, vk/qfud Hkkjr esa bl /Ee ØkfUr dks cM+k egÙo izkIr gks x;k gSA D;ksafd MkW- vkEcsMdj }kjk lapkfyr] izofrZr /Ee ØkfUr dks lkekftd ifjorZu ds lanHkZ izkIr gSaA Hkxoku cq¼ dh /Ee ØkfUr dks lkekftd ifjorZu ds lanHkZ izkIr FksA blhfy, cq¼ ds le; esa /Ee ØkfUr ds dkj.k lks;k gqvk fc[kjk gqvk] 'kksf"kr] izrkfM+r cgqtu lekt tkx mBk] lpsr gqvk vkSj oSfnd /eZ ds fo:¼ foæksg djrs gq;s cq¼ dh 'kj.k eas x;k] cq¼ ds /Ee esa x;k] la?k dh 'kj.k eas x;k vkSj mlus rRdkyhu lekt esa vius ekuoh vf/dkjksa dh j{kk dh vkSj ,d u;s lekt dk fuekZ.k fd;kA Hkxoku cq¼ dh /Ee ØkfUr us oSfnd /eZ] ds tkfye] vekuoh;] ekuoh 'kks"k.k ij vk/kfjr :i dks csudkc fd;kA mlh izdkj MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj dh /EeØkfUr us fgUnw (oSfnd&czkã.k) /eZ ds tkfye] vekuoh; :i dks csudkc fd;kA MkWvkEcsMdj dk fo'ys"k.k gS fd fgUnw /eZ dsoy ,d /eZ ugha gSa] dsoy ,d J¼k vkSj vkLFkk dh pht ugha gSa] cfYd mldh ,d lekt O;oLFkk gS] mldk viuh ,d vFkZO;oLFkk gS tks ekuoh 'kks"k.k vkSj mRihM+u ij vk/kfjr gSaA og O;oLFkk czkã.kksa ds fgr esa gS vkSj cgqtuksa ds vfgr esa gSaA blfy, bl 'kks"k.koknh] ekuoh mRihM+uoknh O;oLFkk dks rksM+us ds fy,] u"V djus ds fy, dsoy /Ee ØkfUr gh ,dek=k fodYi

gS ;g MkW- vkEcsMdj dh ekU;rk FkhA fgUnw /eZ dks dsoy ,d /eZ ekuuk] J¼k vkSj vkLFkk dh pht ekuuk lcls cM+h Hkwy gS cfYd og ,d O;oLFkk gS vkSj bl O;oLFkk dks udkjus ds fy, /Ee ØkfUr ls c<+dj vkSj dksbZ jkLrk ugha gSa bl ckr dks MkWvkEcsMdj us vPNh rjg le> fy;k FkkA mUgksaus fgUnw /eZ ds bfrgkl dks] fgUnw /eZ dh O;oLFkk dks] mlds n'kZu dks] mldh dkuwu O;oLFkk dks brus xgjkbZ eas tkdj le> fy;k Fkk fd Hkkjr ds vkSj lalkj ds fdlh Hkh lekt'kkL=kh] lekt usrk us mrus xgjkbZ esa tkdj ugha le>k FkkA Hkkjr ds cgqr lkjs usrkvksa ds fy,] lekt'kkfL=k;ksa ds fy, rks fgUnw /eZ J¼k vkSj vkLFkk dh pht FkhA blfy, os yksx fgUnw /eZ ds vekuoh;] mRihM+u ds Lo:i dks ns[krs gq;s] tkurs gq;s Hkh mlds f[kykiQ cksy ugha ldsA egkRek xka/h tSls jk"Vªh; usrk Hkh fgUnw /eZ ds vekuoh; Lo:i dks ns[krs gq;s Hkh mlds f[kykiQ ugha cksy ldsA vius vki dks / eZfujis{k] foX;kuoknh vkSj lektoknh ekuus okys tokgjyky usg: Hkh fgUnw /eZ ds vekuoh; vkSj 'kks"k.k ds Lo:i dks ns[krs gq;s Hkh mlds f[kykiQ ugha cksy ldsA MkW- jke euksgj yksfg;k vius vki dks lektoknh ekurs Fks] Hkkjr ds ekDlZoknh / eZ dks dkyZekDlZ dh rjg vfiQl ekurs Fks ysfdu os Hkh fgUnw /eZ ds f[kykiQ ugha cksy ldsA caxky eas ekDlZokn jktuhfr esa gSa ysfdu tuthou eas fgUnwokn dk gh cksyckyk gSaA vkt Hkh Hkkjr esa tgka&tgka fgUnqRookn dk izHkko gS ogka&ogka tkfrokn dk] czkã.kokn dk vR;kpkjh Lo:i fn[kk;h nsrk gSaA /eZ ds uke ij Hkkjr eas nfyrksa ij vkt Hkh vU;k; gks jgk gSA MkW- vkEcsMdj us bl ckr dks vPNh rjg le> fy;k Fkk fd nfyrksa ij tks vU;k; gks jgk gS og fgUnw / eZ ds gh dkj.k gks jgk gSaA vkSj nfyr fgUnw gksus ds dkj.k gh lo.kZ fgUnw yksx] mQaph tkfr ds fgUnw yksx mUgsa balku Hkh ugha ekurs gSaA vNwr yksx lo.kZ fgUnqvksa ds fy, i'kqvksa ls Hkh uhp gSaA vkSj ;g lc fgUnw /eZ ds dkj.k gh ekuk tk jgk gSA bl vekuoh; / eZ ls] vekuoh; O;oLFkk ls dSls NwVdkjk ik;k tk ldrk gSa ;g ,d cgqr gh egÙoiw.kZ loky MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj ds lkeus FkkA os Hkh vius egÙo dks c<+kus ds fy,

Hkkjr ds rRdkyhu jk"Vªh; usrkvksa dh rjg lÙkk ikus ds fy, vkSj czkã.kksa dks [kq'k djus ds fy, fgUnw /eZ dh iz'kalk dj ldrs FksA ysfdu MkW- vkEcsMdj us lÙkk ds eksg dks udkjk vkSj czkã.kksa ds iz'kalk dh Hkh ijokg ugha dhA lp dgus dh fgEer lHkh esa ugha gksrh gSaA lHkh cq¼ ugha gksrs gSaA lp dks dgus ds fy, [kqn dk LokFkZ ugha pkfg,A lp dks cksyus ds fy, O;fDr futh LokFkZ ls mQij pkfg,A MkW- vkECksMdj vius ledkyhu jk"Vªh; usrkvksa dh rjg [kqn ds LokFkZ ds fy,] [kqn ds uke ds fy, ugha ft,A blfy, mUgksaus cgqr gh fufHkZdrk ls lp dks dgk fd nfyrksa dh ihM+k dh tM+s fgUnw /eZ esa gSaA cgqtuksa dks 'kks"k.k fgUnw /eZ ds dkj.k /eZ ds uke ij gks jgk gS vkSj ;g rc rd gksrs jgsxk tc rd os fgUnw cus gSaA MkW- vkEcsMdj ds bl fu"d"kZ dk Hkkjr dk dksbZ Hkh rRdkyhu jk"Vªh; usrk [k.Mu ugha dj ldkA mlh izdkj muds bl fu"d"kZ dk Hkkjr dk dksbZ Hkh lekt'kkL=kh [k.Mu ugha dj ldkA vkSj vkt Hkh vktknh ds lÙkkou lky ckn Hkh dksbZ usrk] fpUrd] nk'kZfud] lekt'kkL=kh muds er dk [k.Mu ugha dj ldkA vkt Hkh Hkkjr esa czkã.kokn] Bkdqjokn] jktiwrokn D;ksa iui jgk gSa\ fgUnw /eZ ds dkj.kA vkt Hkh Hkkjr esa nfyr vkSj fiNM+h tkfr;ksa ij] vkfnokfl;ksa ij] fgUnw / eZ ds dkj.k vU;k; gks jgk gSaA cgqtu lekt ds vkj{k.k dk fojks/ Hkh fgUnw /eZ ds dkj.k gh gks jgk gSA fdlkuksa dks vkRegR;k djuh iM+ jgh gS og Hkh fgUnw /eZ ds dkj.k ghA D;ksafd fgUnw /eZ us mu yksxksa dks dHkh ;g ugha crk;k fd ekuoh thou dk ewY; D;k gSaA thou dks dSls thuk pkfg,\ blfy, Hkkjr ds fdlkuksa esa vkRegR;k djus dh Hkkouk c<+h gSaA vkRegR;k djus okyk fdlku fiNM+h tkfr dk fgUnw gh gSaA bl laUnHkZ esa tc ge lksprs gSa rc MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj dh /Ee ØkfUr dk fdruk cM+k egÙo gS]mldh nk'kZfud xgjkbZ fdruh gS bl ckr dk irk pyrk gSaA cq¼ dk /Ee fdlh Hkh :i esa vkRegR;k dk leFkZu ugha djrk gSaA MkW- vkEcsMdj fdlh Hkh leL;k dks mQijh rkSj ij lkspus okys fpUrd] nk'kZfud ugha FksA Hkkjr esa rks ge mldks n'kZfud] fpUrd ekurs gSa tks bZ'oj] vkRek] ijekRek]

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

38

l`f"V dk fuekZ.k] l`f"V dk lapkyu vkfn ds ckjs eas lksprk gSaA mlh izdkj osn] mifu"kn~] jkek;.k egkHkkjr] xhrk] iqjk.k ds ckjs esa fy[krk gS] tks >wB cksyrk gSa] feF;k X;ku nsrk gSa] ftlesa lp cksyus dh fgEer ugha gSa mlh dks ge cM+k egku vkSj cM+k nk'kZfud dgrs gSaA ysfdu MkW- vkEcsMdj us Hkkjrh; lekt ds lp dks dgk gSa] Hkkjrh; lekt dh ijrksa dks iwjh rjg [kksy fn;k gSa] bZ'oj] vkRek] ijekRek ds >wB dh iksy dks mtkxj fd;k gSa] tkfrHksn vkSj vNwiu ds n'kZu'kkL=k dks mtkxj dj fn;k gS blfy, Hkkjr ds fdlh rFkkdfFkr X;kuh dqyksRiUu O;fDr us mudks nk'kZfud ugha dgka gSaA okLro esa MkW- ckck lkgsc vkEcsMdj vk/qfud Hkkjr ds lcls egku~ nk'kZfud gSa ftUgksasus tkfrHksn ds n'kZu'kkL=k dks Li"V dj fn;k gSaA MkWvkEcsMdj dh /EeØkfUr muds nk'kZfud O;fDrRo dks] muds nk'kZfud lksp dks Li"V djrh gSaA Hkkjr esa lkekftd ØkfUr ds fy, cq¼ /Ee dk ,d fo'ks"k egÙo gSaA D;ksafd cq¼ /Ee dh tM+s Hkkjrh; bfrgkl esa gSa bl ckr dks MkW- vkEcsMdj us vPNh rjg tkuk FkkA blfy, mUgksaus cq¼ /Ee dks viuk;k vkSj lHkh dks viukus dh lykg nhA ysfdu nk'kZfud n`f"V ls Hkh mUgksaus nfyrksa vkSj cgqtuksa ds fy, cq¼ /Ee dks viukus dh lykg nh gSaA mUgksaus 14 vDVwcj 1956 dks cq¼ /Ee nh{kk ysus ds ckn cq¼ /Ee viukus okyksa dks ckbZl izfrKk,a nhaA bu ckbZl izfrKkvksa esa mudk nk'kZfud lksp lek;k gqvk gSaA bu ckbZl izfrKkvksa esa ;fn lcls cM+h dksbZ ckr gSa rks og gSa fdlh Hkh :i esa bZ'oj] vkRek vkj ijekRek dh ladYiuk dks udkj] l`f"V ds bZ'oj }kjk fufeZr dks vLohdkj] czkã.k&i.Mk&iqjksfgrokn dks udkj] vykSfddrkokn dks udkj] /kfeZd deZdk.M] /kfeZd ik[kM+uksa dks udkj vkSj O;fDr dh Lora=krk dks Lohdkj vkfn vkfn ckrsa MkW- vkEcsMdj dh nk'kZfudrk dks O;Dr djrh gSaA mlh izdkj mudk 15 vDVwcj 1956 dk vfHkHkk"k.k Hkh mudh nk'kZfudrk dks gh O;Dr djrk gSaA MkW- vkEcsMdj vius O;k[;ku esa dgrs gSa] fd&^^ge >xM+ jgs gSa vius lEeku ds fy,A euq"; dks iw.kkZoLFkk dks ys tkus ds fy,** euq"; dks lEeku dh ckr vkSj euq"; ds iw.kkZoLFkk dh ckr muds

xaHkhj nk'kZfud lksp dh n'kZd gSaA mUgksaus blh Hkk"k.k esa ;g Hkh dgk Fkk]^^euq"; vkSj i'kq esa iQdZ gSa] i'kq dks ?kkl yxrk gSa] ^euq"; dks Hkkstu yxrk gSaA ysfdu i'kq vkSj euq"; esa iQdZ ;g gS fd i'kq dks ^euq* ugha gSa euq"; dks ^eu* gS vkSj 'kjhj Hkh gSaA ;g ckr dksbZ nk'kZfud gh dg ldrk gSa] dksbZ jktuhfrd ;k etnwj usrk ughaA MkW- vkEcsMdj vkxs dgrs gSa fd]^fgUnw /eZ ds dkj.k fdlh dk Hkh dY;k.k gksus okyk ugha gSa] og /eZ gh u"VHkz"V gSa*--- ^xjhcksa dks /eZ dh vko';drk gSa]*--- xjhc O;fDr thrk gSa mEehn ij*---- thou dk ewy vk'kk (hope) gSaA* gj nfyr] 'kksf"kr] izrkfM+r] v'kkghu O;fDr esa] lekt esa vk'kk txkus dk dke dksbZ nk'kZfud gh dj ldrk gSa] lksp ldrk] gSaA MkW- vkEcsMdj dh /Ee ØkfUr rks 'kksf"kr lekt esa] cgqtu lekt esa vk'kk,a txkus dh] vk'kk,a iSnk djus okyh ØkfUr gS vkSj fiNys ipkl o"kksZ esa ge yksxksa us bl ckr dks vPNh rjg vuqHko fd;k gSaA fiQj MkW- vkEcsMdj dgrs gSa fd] ^nqfu;k esa tc rd U;k; ugha feyrk rc rd 'kkfUr ugha jgsxhA* eryc vkt nqfu;k esa v'kkfUr gS og vU;k; ij vk/kfjr lekt O;oLFkk ds dkj.kA blhfy, MkW- vkEcsMdj us lalkj dks cq¼ dh jkg ij pyus dh lykg nh gSaA cq¼ /Ee ds lEcU/ esa muds ftrus Hkh O;k[;ku gSa muesa mudk n'kZfud lksp gh O;Dr gksrk gSaA mlh izdkj /Ee ØkfUr dks vPNh rjg le>us ds fy, mudk ^n cq¼k ,.M fgt / Ee (cq¼ vkSj mudk /Ee) ^xzaFk cgqr gh egÙoiw.kZ gSaA mlh izdkj Hkkjr esa lkekftd ØkfUr dh tM+ksa dks etcwr djus dss fy, mudk ;g xzaFk jkg fn[kkus dk] ekxZn'kZu djus dk dke djrk gSaA /Ee ØkfUr dks le>us ds fy, muds bl xzaFk dks vPNh rjg le>uk t:jh gSaA cq¼ ds /Ee esa fdlh Hkh ckr dks vykSfdd ;k nSoh ;k bZ'ojh; ugha ekuk x;k gSaA cq¼ ds opu tks ikfy frfiVd gSa mldks Hkh ckS¼ lekt vykSfdd ;k bZ'ojh; xzaFk ugha ekurk gSaA mlh izdkj MkWvkEcsMdj dh /EeØkfUr esa fdlh Hkh vykSfdd ;k bZ'ojh;okn dk dksbZ eryc ugha gSaA muds xzaFk ^cq¼ vkSj mudk /Ee* dks Hkh bl rjg dk dksbZ LFkku ugha gSaA ysfdu Hkkjr esa ckS¼ksa ds fy, ;g ,d vuqÙkj vuqie xzaFk gSaA Hkxoku cq¼ ds /Ee dks

le>us ds fy, vkt gekjs ikl blls cf<+;k vkSj dksbZ xzaFk ugha gSaA ckS¼ lkfgR; fo'kky gSa] ;gka xzUFk jRuksa dk Hk.Mkj gSaA ckS¼ lkfgR; ikfy eas gS] laLÑr esa gSa] flagy Hkk"kk esa gSa] cjeh Hkk"kk esa gSa] FkkbZ Hkk"kk esa gSa] frcsVh esa gSa] phuh Hkk"kk esa gSa] tkikuh Hkk"kk esa gSaA mlh izdkj ckS¼ lkfgR; lalkj dh vyx&vyx Hkk"kkvksa esa Hkh fy[kk x;k gSa] fy[kk tk jgk gSaA ysfdu vkt ds lanHkZ esa] Hkkjrh; lanHkZ esa tgka laiw.kZ :i esa cq¼ /Ee dks le>k;k x;k gS og ,dek=k xzaFk gSa ^cq¼ vkSj mudk /EeA* bl xzaFk dks le>dj gh ge MkW- vkEcsMdj dh /Ee ØkfUr dks le> ldrs gSaA ikfy&frfiVd ds ckn ikfy Hkk"kk esa dbZ egÙoiw.kZ xzaFkksa dh jpuk gqbZA mlh izdkj laLÑr esa Hkh cM+s&cM+s ckS¼&vkpk;ksZ ds cM+s&cM+s egÙoiw.kZ xzaFk gSaA ckS¼ksa dh ;g ijEijk jgh gS fd os cq¼ opu ds lkFk vius vkpk;ks± ds opuksa dks Hkh izek.k ekurs gSa] mudh ok.kh dk vknj djrs gSaA MkWvkEcsMdjj dk ;g xzaFk cq¼&opuksa dk lkj vkSj laxzg gS tks vk/qfud Hkkjr esa /EeØkfUr dks liQy cukus ds fy,] etcwr djus ds fy, vkSj Hkkjr esa lekurk] lkekftd U;k;] ekuork dh LFkkiuk ds fy, fy[kk x;k gSaA blfy, ;g xzaFk lHkh ckS¼ksa ds fy, izek.k gSa] bl xzaFk ds izfr fdlh dks dksbZ lansg ugha gksuk pkfg,A tks O;fDr MkW- vkEcsMdj dh ;ksX;rk ij] mudh izfrc¼rk ij lansg djrk gSa] og O;fDr O;fDr dgus ds yk;d gh ugha gSa] MkWvkEcsMdj dk ^cq¼ vkSj mudk /Ee* xzaFk ckS¼ksa ds fy, mruk gh egÙoiw.kZ gSa ftrus cq¼ opuA vkSj bl xzaFk dks lkFk esa ysdj gh ge Hkkjr esa lkekftd ØkfUr ds pØ dks vkxs c<+k ldrs gSaA Hkkjr esa lkekftd ØkfUr dk pØ vkxs c<+sxk rks gh /Ee ØkfUr dk /EepØ Hkh vkxs c<+ ldrs gSaA vxj bl ns'k esa fdlh u fdlh dkj.k lkekftd ØkfUr :d xbZ] Fke xbZ rks /Ee ØkfUr Hkh :d tk;sxh] Fke tk;sxh] D;ksafd lkekftd ifjorZu fojksf/;ksa dh la[;k vkt ds Hkkjr esa de ugha gSaA lkekftd ifjorZu fojks/h yksx /EeØkfUr ds Hkh fojks/h gSa] cq¼ /Ee ds Hkh fojks/h gSA mlh izdkj os cgqr gh prqj vkSj pkykd gSaA blfy, /EeØkfUr ds lqo.kZ t;Urh o"kZ esa ge yksxksa dks cgqr gh lpsr jgus dh t:jr gSaA


fgUnw /eZ gh fl[kkrk gS vkil esa cSj j[kuk

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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dêðj fgUnw nwljh tkfr;ksa ds yksxksa ds izfr fdruh cSj Hkkouk j[krs gSAa pafw d vk;Z czkÞe.k Lo.kZ fgUnw fons'kh gSa blh fy;s ewy fuoklh cgqtuksa ds izfr 'k=kq Hkko eu eas j[krs gSa uiQjr dh Hkkouk ugha NksM+ ikrs bu dh izR;sd ih<+h nwljh ih<+h dks ;g dqfVy Hkkouk fojklr esa NksM+dj tkrh gSAa

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Mh-ih- 'khy

17&3&2013 ds nSfud tkxj.k esa Nik fd ukxiqj ds vk;dj fVªC;quy dk ekuuk gS fd fgUnwRo dksbZ etgc ugha gSaA fgUnw nsoh nsorkvksa ds iwtu vkSj eafnj ds j[k j[kkc ij gksus okys [kpZ dks /kfeZd dk;Z ugha ekuk tk ldrkA U;k;kf/dj.k dk ekuuk fcydqy lgha gSaA Lo.kZ fgUnw cqf¼ thoh fgUnw/eZ dh pkgs tks Hkh ifjHkk"kk x<rs jgsa ij ;g fgUnw uke eqlyekuksa dk fn;k gqvk gSaA gtkjksa o"kZ igys eqlyekuksa us ijkftr Hkkjrh; lekt dks ftlesa vk;Zoa'kh o ewy fuoklh nksuksa gh 'kkfey FksA tks gtkjksa tkfr;ksa mitkfr;ksa esa caVk gqvk Fkk] igpku ds fy;s ?k`f.kr xkyh ds :i esa ;g uke fn;k FkkA ftldk vFkZ iQkjlh Hkk"kk esa dk;j pksj cqtfny o dkfiQj crk;k x;k gSaA Lokeh n;kuUn th us bl 'kCn dk dMk fojks/ fd;k Fkk blh fy;s mUgksaus 1875 esa vk;Z lekt dh LFkkiuk dh FkhA czkÞe.kksa us vius vki dks lu~ 1921 rd Hkh fgUnw ugha

ekuk FkkA ijUrq ckn eas bl fy;s eku fy;k fd 'kk;n fudV Hkfo"; esa Hkkjr vktkn gks ldrk gSaA ml le; lÙkk cgqer ds gkFk esa gksxh] vYi la[;d czkÞe.k ;g jgL; tYnh gh le> x;s Fks fd fgUnw 'kCn ds dkj.k ge ns'k dh lÙkk ij dCtk djysaxsA ns'k vktkn gqvk] igys iz/ku ea=kh iatokgj yky usg: cus] usg:th dh dwV uhfr ls laln] U;k; ikfydk] dk;Z ikfy dk] vkfn {ks=kksa esa czkÞe.k 'kh"kZ inksa ij fojkt eku gks x;sA vkt Hkh ;s fgUnw lekt dk LokfHkd xq: cuk gqvk gSaA czkÞe.kokn dk gh nwljk uke fgUnw /eZ gSaA Hkkjrh; lekt dks [kUM&[kUM djuk] ?k`.kk uiQjr iQSykuk] vkil esa cSj j[kuk] buds /eZ 'kkL=kksa Le`fr euqLe`fr iqjk.kksa] us c[kwch fl[kk;k gSaA euqLe`fr us rks 'kwæksa vfr 'kwæksa ewy fuokfl;ksa dks bUlku u ekudj tkuojksa ls Hkh cnrj thou thus dk lans'k fn;kA euqLe`fr eas fy[kk gSa fd 'kwæ dksbZ Hkwy ls 'yksd Hkh lqu ys rks jktk mlds dkuksa esa fi?kyk lhlk Myok nsA vkSj ;fn og 'yksd dk mPpk j.k Hkh djs

rks mldh thHk dVok nsuh pkfg;sA budh jkek;.k dgrh gSa fd 'kwæ xaokj <ksy i'kq ukjh] ;s lc rkM+u ds vf/dkjhA nqfu;ka ds lHkh /eksZ dh /eZ iqLrdksa esa vius gh /eZ ca/qvksa ds f[kykiQ ,slh ?k`f.kr "kM;a=k dkjh ckrsa ugha fy[kh gksaxhA ;s mijksDr ykbZu fgUnqRo ds lanHkZ eas fy[kh xbZ gSaA vc ns[kuk gSa fd fgUnw eafnjksa ls D;k / kfeZd f'k{kk feyrh gSaA Hkkjr esa u;s iqjkus djksM+ksa eafnj gSa jke eafnj f'ko] nqxkZ guqeku 'kfu eafnj lkabZ eafnj vkfn&vkfn eafnjksa ds fuekZ.k esa vkt dy u;s&u;s vkfo"dkj Hkh gksus yxs gSaA tSls lHkh tkfr;ksa] tkfrokj vius vyx&vyx eafnj cukus yxh gSaA cgqr lkjs cM+s&cM+s eafnjksa esa yk[kksa djksM+ksa /uoku fgUnw vferkHk tSls fiQYeh ghjks ,d eafnj esa 9 djksM+ dk czSlysV Hkxoku ds pj.kksa esa HksaV dj nsrs gSaA ijUrq xjhcksa Hkw[kksa dks dqN ugha nsrs Hkkjr ds cSadksa ls chl xq.kk T;knk /u nkSyr ns'kh fons'kh eqæk ghjs tokgkjkr fgUnw eafnjksa esa Hkjk iM+k gSaA ftl ij yk[kksa <ksaxh czkÞe.k iaMs iqtkjh lk/q lsr fuBYys IkMs ekSt


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

40

ekjrsa gSaA 90 izfr'kr eklyksa esa ljdkjh tehu ij Bh voS/ dCtk djds fgUnw eafnj cu tkrs gSa ljdkj esa cSBs czkÞe.koknh usrkvksa ds laj{k.k esa ljdkj dh rjiQ ls fctyh ikuh lqj{kk o vU; lqfo/k;sa cM+h vklkuh ls eqÝr esa izkIr gks tkrh gSaA eafnjksa ds iqjksfgr iaMs iqtkjh va/ J¼kyvksa fo'ks"k dk efgykvksa ls va/ fo'okl Hkjh ckrsa vxyk fiNyk tUe HkkX; Hkxoku ds peRdkj mQap uhp tkfr ikafr ifo=k vifo=k Nwr vNwr cM+h pkykdh ls ?k`.kk uiQjr dk /kfeZd ?kksy (;kuh /eZ dh viQhe) fiykrs jgrs gSa ;fn vki fdlh i<+s fy[ks fgUnw ls ;g iwNs fd vki tkr ikr Nqok Nwr esa fo'okl djrs gSaA rks og ;gha dgsxk fd eSa rks Nqok Nwr tkr ikr dks ugha ekurk ijUrq esjh ?kj okyh cgqr ekurh gSaA fgUnw 33 djksM+ nsoh nsorkvksa dks ekurk gSaA gj lky u;s Hkxoku o nsoh nsorkvksa dk vkfo"dkj Hkh dj ysrk gSaA ijUrq fuLokFkZ J¼k rks fdlh ds fy;s Hkh ugha j[krkA bu dh vkLFkk dsoy peRdkjksa esa gksrh ;s ,sls Hkxokuksa dks NksM Hkh nsrs gSaA tks peRdkj ugha fn[kkrs ;s fuLokFkZ iwtk ikB dHkh dj gh ugha ldrsA ;s blh Hkze esa Mwcs jgrs gSa fd 'kk;n dksbZ nsoh nsork ;k Hkxoku bu dh bPNk t:j iwjh djsxk vkt dy lkabZ ckck bu ds lcls fiz; peRdkjh nsork Hkxoku cu x;s gSa tc ;g vius lHkh nsoh nsorkvksa dh iwtk ikB dj ds Fkd tkrk gSA vkSj dqN ugha feyrk rks eqlyekuksa dh NksVh lh etkj ij tkdj ihj ckck ds pn~nj p<+kus yxrk gSaA yk[kksa fgUnw izfro"kZ LokFkZ o'k gh izfro"kZ vtesj 'kjhiQ tkdj pn~nj p<+krs gSa fgUnw eqlyekuksa dh rjg vius /eZ ij dHkh iDds vfMx ugha jg ikrk gSaA HkVdrk fiQjrk gSaA fdl dke dk gS ;s fgUnw /eZ vfr /kfeZd <ksaxh fgUnw 15]20 yk[k dh dkj ls mrj dj 50 gtkj dk eksckbZy fy;s guqeku eafnj esa eaxyokj dks czkÞe.k iqtkjh ds pj.kksa esa feBkbZ o :i;ksa dh Fkkyh j[k dj] ekFks ij fryd o gkFk esa xs:, jax dk /kxk ca/ok dj cM+h 'kkafr izkIr djrk gSaA /U; gks tkrk gSaA ijUrq ogha lMh ekufldrk okyk O;fDr tc eafnj ls ckgj fudyrk gSaA rks Hkw[ks uaxs eq>kZ;s psgjs fy;s vikfgt fHk[kkfj;ksa dh ykbZu ns[kdj ?k`.kk ls xkyh

cdrk gqvk (gjketkns uhp dekdj ugha [kk ldrs] eqag iQsj dj viuh dkj eas cSB dj pyk tkrk gSaA ,sls yksx ekuork d:.kk] n;k ls dks"kksa nwj jgrs gSaA ;s iwaftifr fgUnw vius dqÙkksa ij gtkjksa :i;s jkst [kpZ dj nsrs gSaA ij D;k etky fdlh Hkw[ks xjhc nfyr vkfnoklh ij bUgsa tjk lk Hkh jge (n;k vk tk;s) ,sls dêðj fgUnw nwljh tkfr;ksa ds yksxksa ds izfr fdruh cSj Hkkouk j[krs gSaA pawfd vk;Z czkÞe.k Lo.kZ fgUnw fons'kh gSa blh fy;s ewy fuoklh cgqtuksa ds izfr 'k=kq Hkko eu eas j[krs gSa uiQjr dh Hkkouk ugha NksM+ ikrs bu dh izR;sd ih<+h nwljh ih<+h dks ;g dqfVy Hkkouk fojklr esa NksM+dj tkrh gSaA f'k{kk o ukSdjh ds {ks=k esa Lo.kZ fgUnw Vhpj dh vka[kksa esa vuqlwfpr tkfr o tutkfr ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds fy;s feyus okyh Nk=ko`fÙk dkaVs dh rjg pqerh gSaA nfyr fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh ihB ihB ihNs mPp oxZ ds cPpksa dks HkMdk;k tkrk gSaA ;s Vhpj nfyrksa ds cPpksa dks tkfrxr xkyh o ekjj ihV rd djrs gSaA xjhcksa ds ;s cPps Mj&Mj ghu Hkkouk ls xzLr fMizSlu ds f'kdkj gks tkrs gSa 80 izfr'kr ;s cPps i<+kbZ NksM+ dj ?kj cSB tkrs gSaA bruh vMpus Mkyus ds ckn Hkh dqN nfyr ;qod ukSdjh yk;d f'k{kk izkIr dj ysrs gSa bUVjO;q ij bUgsa v;ksX; crk dj ckgj dj fn;k tkrk gSa 5 izfr'kr dks ;fn ukSdjh vkj{k.k dh otg ls fey Hkh xbZ rks vkfiQl esa fdlh ?kfV;k lhV ij fcBk fn;k tkrk gSaA vUr esa fgUnw lgdfeZ;ksa }kjk VSa'ku >syrs&>syrs ,d fnu fjVk;j gks tkrk gSa vius cPps dks Hkh ml nÝrj esa ugha yxk ikrkA czkÞe.koknh viQljksa ds fny esa nfyr vNwrksa ds izfr fdruh cSj Hkkouk Hkjh gqbZ gSa fd xzqi Mh ;kuh Dykl 4 dh ukSdjh dh Hkjrh Hkh caandj nh xbZ gSa rkfd gekjs cPps pijklh ukSdjhnkj gSYij vkfn dh ukSdjh Hkh uk ik ldsaA lkekftd {ks=k esa euqoknh fgUnw vc eqlyekuksa ds chp esa tkrk gS rks nfyrksa dh th Hkj dj vkykspuk djrk gSaA HkbZ vkt dy rks ukSdjh cl ckYehfd o tkVoksa dks gh fey jgh gSaA vkj{k.k ds cy ij ;s vkxs c<+rs tk jgs gSaA fgUnw eqlyekuksa ds yM+ds pkgs ,sfM;ka jxM+&jxM+ dj ej tk;sa] ij ukSdjh ugha feyrh nfyrksa ls csgn xjhc rks cspkjs eqlyeku HkkbZ gSaA cM+h pkykdh ls

nfyrksa ds f[kykiQ tgj ?kksy dj pyk vkrk gSaA tc dgha pqxy [kksj fgUnw nfyrksa ds chp gksrk gSa rks dgrk gS fd HkbZ rqe rks fgUnw gks ]gekjs HkkbZ gks] eqlyeku pksjh Nqis xk; dk ekal [kkrk gSaA xk; rks ge fgUnqvksa dh ekrk gSa] eqlyeku tgka Hkh jgrk gSa gj rjg dh xanxh iQSykrk gSa bUgha ds yksx vkardoknh yqVsjs pksj cykRdkjh gksrs gSaA bldk iM+ksl vPNk ugha gksrk] pwafd ;s fgUnqvksa dh cgu csfV;ksa ij cqjh utj j[krk gSaA ;g dkSe LoHkko ls gh can utj gksrh gSaA tc ;g ckYehfd lekt ds chp tkrk gSa rks dgrk gSaA HkbZ lkjh vkjf{kr lhVksa ij rks tkVo pekjksa dk dCtk gks x;k gSaA rqEgkjs fgLls dh lkjh ukSdfj;ksa ij ;s gh dCtk dj jgs gSaA rqe vyx ls vkj{k.k D;ksa ugha ekaxrsA rqe dqN djrs D;ksa ugha\ rqe rks bu ls cgqr ihNs jg x;sA bu ds yksx rks mQaph tkfr;ksa ls Hkh mQij igqap x;s rqe yksx vius gd dh yM+kbZ vyx ls D;ksa ugha yM+rsA bu nks nfyr tkfr;ksa ds chp fdl rjg ,d czkÞe.k tgj ?kksyrk fiQjrk gSa fdl pkykdh ls nq'euh iSnk djrk gSaA tc og tkVoksa ds chp tkrk gSaA rks dgrk gSaA HkbZ vki yksxksa dh tkfr rks vc [kqc rjDdh dj jgha gSaA vki yksx rks i<+ fy[kdj mQaps&mQaps inksa ij igqap jgs gksA vkidk ckYehfd;ksa ds lkFk D;k esy muds lkFk [kkuk ihuk mBuk cSBuk j[kksxsa rks yksx rqe ls Hkh uiQjr djus yxsxsa vjs ;s rks cM+h xanh dkSe gSa ;s rks 'kjkch tqvkjh f'k{kk ls nwj ;s rks liQkbZ ds dke esa gh Bhd gSaA vc mQaph tkfr ds yksx rqe yksxksa ls tkr ikr NqvkNwr ugha djrs HkbZ bu ds lkFk rks NqvkNwr ikr ekuuh gh iM+rh gSa] ge mQaph tkfr ds yksx ckYehfd;ksa dks eafnj esa Hkh ?kqlus ugha nsrs dksbZ /ks[k nsdj pyk tk;s rks dg ugha ldrsA vUr esa ;g dguk fcydqy lR; gSa fd czkÞe.kksa us Hkkjrh; lekt dks izFke 4 o.kZ esa ckaVk] fiQj tkfr;ksa esa ckaVrs&ckaVrs cSj dh Hkkouk Hkjrs&Hkjrs 16000 tkfr;ksa eas ckaV fn;kA czkÞe.kokn dk fo"kk.kq vc fons'kksa esa Hkh iQSyus yxk gSa ;wjksfi;u] vesfjdu ns'kksa esa ;s djksM+ksa dh rknkn esa tk cls gSa bZlkbZ lekt esa Hkh ?k`.kk uiQjr tkr ikr NqokNwr pqids&pqids /hjs iQSyk jgs gSaA pwafd bZlkbZ mnkj fny ds gksrs gSa ;s Hkh czkÞe.kokn ds f'kdkj gks ldrs gSaA


lR; dkSu&bZ'ojokn ;k cq¼okn #

lh-,l-Hk.Mkjh

bZ'ojokn] vkRek] ijekRek] HkkX; rFkk vU/fo'okl ij gh vk/kfjr gSaA bZ'ojoknh fopkj /kjk ds ekuus okys bl i{k esa rdZ nsrs gSa fd bZ'oj lR; gSa] bZ'oj d.k&d.k vFkkZr izR;sd txg O;kIr gSa] leLr dk;Z bZ'oj dh bPNk ds vuqlkj gh gksrs gSa] ml dk dksbZ :i ugha] dksbZ vkdkj ugha] og (bZ'oj) rks vn`'; gSaA cykRdkj] ?kksVkys] gR;k,sa] nfyr o 'kksf"krksa ij vR;kpkj] lalkj esa Hkw[kejh efgykvksa dk lekt esa uaxk ?kqekuk] HkdEi o ck<+ rFkk vdky esa loZuk'k lHkh rks bZ'oj dh Ñik ls gh rks gksrk gSa tks yksx bZ'oj esa fo'okl djrs gSa] os bZ'oj dks loZ'kfDreku] loZ O;kid rFkk vUr;kZeh dgrs gSaA bZ'oj ns[k jgk gSa fd lalkj dh lEifÙk dsoy 5 izfr'kr yksxksa ds ikl gSaA turk Hkw[k ls ej jgh gSa] ns'k dtZnkj gSaA fdUrq lk/q lU;kfl;ksa ij vjcksa dh lEifÙk gSa] efUnjksa esa vjcks dh lEifÙk nch iM+h gSa] lk/q lU;klh O;kikjh cu dj turk dks Bax jgs gSaA ;s lc bZ'oj dh n;k ls gh rks gks jgk gSaA bZ'oj dh gh Ñik gSaA fiQj Hkh bZ'oj dks U;k;h o n;kyw dgk tkrk gSaA fgUnw 'kkL=kksa esa ;g Hkh fy[kk gS fd bZ'oj us lalkj dks cuk;k gSaA bZ'oj us ekuo :i esa dHkh tUe ugha fy;k gSaA og rks vn`'; o vKkr gSA ijUrq vxj bl bZ'oj ds :i] jax Lo:i dk o.kZu djs] rks ge ;g ik;saxs fd bZ'oj dk jax :i Lo:i ugha gSa] vxj dksbZ oLrq vlR; o vn`'; gSa rks og dsoy dYiuk gh gks ldrh gSaA bZ'oj dsoy dYiuk ek=k gSa%& bZ'oj gS ;k ugha ;g ,d fookfnr fo"k; gSaA D;ksafd bZ'oj ds ekuus okys bls loZO;kih]loZ'kfDreku] vn`';] l`f"VfuekZrk ekurs gSaA bZ'ojokn esa fo'okl u djus okys ekurs gSa fd bZ'oj uke dh dksbZ oLrq ij 'kfDr ugha gSa] ;g dsoy dYiuk gSaA D;ksafd lHkh fgUnwRo dks ekuus okys rFkk vU; /eksZ ds ekuus okys dsoy ;gh Lohdkj dgrs gSa fd bZ'oj us lalkj dks cuk;k cuk;k gSaA

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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lR; D;k gSa bZ'oj okn ;k ckS¼ okn ;g Lo;a gh vius ekfLr"d ds iVy ij vafdr vki Lo;a (ekuo) gh dj ldrs gSaA rFkkxr dk jkLrk dY;k.k dk jkLrk gSa blls euq"; dk fodkl gksxkA lR; dh dlkSBh ij rFkkxr dk fodkl oknh rFkk dY;k.k dkjh fl¼kUr gh [kjk mÙkjrk gSa D;ksafd ;g dsoy dYiuk gh ugha O;ogkfjd fl¼kUr gSaA

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ijUrq vius fl¼kUr dks fl¼ ugha dj ikrs gSaA vUr esa ;gha ekuk tkrk gS fd tks bZ'oj dkss ugha ekurs oks vKkuh gSaA Hkxoku rFkkxr cq¼ us Hkh dgk gS fd fdlh us Hkh bZ'oj dks ugha ns[kk gSA ;g dksbZ Hkh fl¼ ugha dj ldrk bZ'oj gSA D;ksafd ^^bl lalkj dk dHkh fuekZ.k ugha gqvk] bl lalkj dk fodkl gqvk gSaA** ;g dsoy bZ'oj 'kfJr /eZ dh dYiukfJr gSa vFkok dYiuk ek=k gSaA bZ'oj ij vkfJr /eZ] ekuo ds fy, mi;ksxh ugha gSA og dsoy feF;k fo'okl mRiUu djrk gSAa D;k bZ'oj gSa %& ckS¼ /eZ ds ekuus okys bZ'oj okn] HkkX;okn] vkRek RkFkk ijekRek esa dksbZ fo'okl ugha] djrs gSa D;ksafd budk ekuuk gSa fd bZ'oj uke dh dksbZ pht gS gh ughaA a bldk dksbZ jax :i rFkk Lo:i ugha gSa bl dks fdlh us ns[kk Hkh ugha gSaA bZ'oj dsoy dYiuk ek=k gSaA blh izdkj bZlkbZ izlkj lfefr dk Hkh iQSlyk gSaA bZlkbZ izpkj vfHkeku ds rgr ,d losZ{k.k djk;k x;k FkkA fczVsu esa ,d bZlkbZ vfHk;ku us lkfcr dj fn;k gSaA fd ^^bZ'oj uke dh dksbZ pht

;k oLrq ugha gSaA** bl vfHk;ku ds }kjk djk;s x;s losZ{k.k esa 'kkfey izfr Hkkfx;ksa esa ls 96 izfr'kr yksxksa us dgk fd os loZ'kfDreku bZ'oj esa fo'okl ugha djrs gSaA ^^fn vYiQk dkslZ** us ;g loky iwNk Fkk] D;k bZ'oj dk vfLrRo gSa\ mlus yksxksa ls vuqjks/ fd;k Fkk fd os gka] ugha vFkok lEHkor% esa ls viuk vku ykbu tokc pquus ls igys lcwrksa ij xkSj djsaA 88 gtkj ls T;knk yksxksa us bl loky ij viuh izfr fØ;k nhA n lu dh fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj pkSdkus okyh ckr ;g lgh fd bu eas ls 96 izfr'kr us mDr bZlkbZ osclkbV ij viuk er nsrs gq, dgk fd os bZ'oj dks ugha ekurs fliQZ 3 izfr'kr us bZ'oj esa viuk Hkjkslk trk;k] tcfd ,d iQhlnh yksxksa us dgk fd bZ'oj ds vfLrRo dks ysdj muds fopkj fuf'pr ugha gSaA izoDrk ekdZ ,Ylu&Mso us dgk eq>s ugha yxrk fd og losZ{k.k ns'k ds yksxksa ds fo'okl dks n'kkZrk gSaA (fgUnwLrku 24&1&01) mu ds loZs{k.k ds vk/kj ij ;g rks dguk lEHko gSa fd okLro esa yksxksa dh Hkkoukvksa ij fo'okl djuk vko';d gSa


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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ftl dk dksbZ vkdkj u gks] jax :i Lo:i u gks] ftls vkt rd dksbZ ns[k ugha ik;k gks rks ml ij dSls fo'okl fd;k tk ldrk gS fd bZ'oj gSA vxj bZ'oj vtUek rks Ñ".k D;k gSa%& osnks o fgUnw 'kkL=kksa esa Li"V dgk x;k gSa fd bZ'oj vtUek] vn`'; rFkk loZ'kfDreku gSA rk fiQj Ñ".k D;k gS\ Ñ".k] ije$bZ'oj vFkkZr ijes'oj vFkkZr bZ'oj ls Hkh cM+k bZ'oj] dSls gks ldrk gSaA fo'okl fdl esa fd;k tk;s] bZ'oj esa ;k Ñ".k esa vFkkZr cM+k bZ'oj gS ;k Ñ".k (ijes'oj) xhrk esa Ñ".k us dgk gS fd& vtksMfi lUu O;;kRek Hkwrkukeh JjksMfi lu~A izÑfr Lokef/"Bk; lEHkqokE;k R; ek;;kAA (416)

eSa vtUek vkS vfouk'kh Lo:i gksrs gq, Hkh rFkk leLr izkf.k;ksa dk bZ'oj gksrs gq, Hkh viuh izÑfr dks v/hu djds viuh ;ksx ek;k ls izdV gksrk gw¡A vkxs dgk fd ;nk ;nk gh /eZL; XykfuHkZokr HkkjrA vH;qRFkkue /eZL; rnkR;kua l`tkE;geAA(417)

gs! Hkkjr tc&tc /eZ dh gkfu vkSj v/eZ dh o`f¼ gksrh gSa] rc&rc eSa gh vius :i dks jprk gw¡ vFkkZr lkdkj :i ls yksxksa ds lEHkq[k izdV gksrk gw¡A Ñ".k loZ 'kfDr eku] lfPpnkuUnu] ijekRek vtj] vfouk'kh vkSj loZHkwrksa ds ije xfr rFkk ije xfr rFkk ije vkJ; gSaA os dsoy /eZ dh LFkkiuk djus vkSj lalkj dk m¼kj djus ds fy, gh viuh ;ksx ek;k ls lxq.k :i gksdj izdV gksrs gSaA bl fy, ijes'oj ds leku lqân;] izseh vkSj ifrr ikou] nwljk dksbZ ugha gSaA ,slk le>dj tks iq:"k ijes'oj dk vuU; izse ls fujUrj fpUru] djrk gqvk vk'kfDr jfgr lalkj esa crZrk gSa] ogha mu dks rRo ls tkurk gS vFkkZr ;g fl¼ djus esa ,d rF; lkeus vk;k gSa fd ;k rks fgUnwvksa dk bZ'ojoknh fl¼kUr xYkr gSa ;k Ñ".k dk vius dks bZ'oj dk Hkh ije bZ'oj dguk xyr gSaA ;g Hkh fl¼ gksrk gS fd Ñ".k fo'o ds m¼kj ds fy, mins'k ugha nsrs] ijUrq os fgUnw lekt o ekuo dks viuk mins'k nsdj o.kZ O;oLFkk ds ikyd gh ugha ijUrq bls etcwr gh djrs gSaA Ñ".k us xhrk] esa prqoZ.k O;oLFkk ij Hkh vf/d cy fn;k gSa& pkrqoZ.;Z e;k l`"V xq.k deZ foHkkx'k%A rL;q drkZj ef; ;ka fo¼; drkZj eO;;eAA (4@13)

vFkkZr Ñ".k us dgk fd ozkã.k] {kf=k;]

oS';] vkSj 'kwæ] bu pkj o.kksZ dk lewg xq.k vkSj deksZ ds foHkkx iwoZd esjs }kjk jpk x;k gSaA bl izdkj ml l`f"V jpukfn deZ dk drkZ gksus ij Hkh eq>s vfouk'kh ijes'oj dks rq okLro esa vdrkZ tkuA Ñ".k us vius dks loZLo:i lEiUu ekuk gSaA vUr esa Ñ".k us ;gka rd Hkh dg fn;k fd ^^eSa ty esa jl gwa pUæek vkSj lw;Z esa izdk'k gw¡A lEiw.kZ osnksa esa vksadkj gwaA vkdk'k esa 'kCn] vkSj iq:"kksa esa iq:"kRo gwaA eSa i`Foh esa ifo=k xU/ vkSj vfXu esa rst gaw rFkk lEiw.kZ Hkwrksa esa mudk thou gwaA vkSj rifLo;ksa esa ri gwa (9@7) rw lEiw.kZ Hkwrksa dk lukru cht eq> dks gh tku vFkkZr lc dqN eSa gh gawA** lkspus dk fo"k; gSa fd bZ'oj tks vn`'; gh loZ'kfDr eku gSa] lkFk gh Ñ".k vius dks ije$bZ'oj vFkkZr bZ'oj esa Hkh ije (egku) gS rks fdl dks lR; ekuk tk;s] vn`'; bZ'oj dks ;k ekuo Lo:i esa tuek Ñ".k] ;g fojks/kHkkl gekjs eu efLr"d dks lkspus ds fy, ckè; djrk gSaA tks euq"; vU/fo'okl ls mQij mB dj lkspsaxs mUgsa etcwj gksuk iM+sxkA tks vU/fo'oklh gSa mUgsa lR;rk utj ugha vk ldrhA ;g Hkh ,d euks oSKkfud ,oa fookfnr fo"k; tku iM+rk gSaA fdl dks lR; ekuk tk;s bZ'oj dks ;k ije bZ'oj (Ñ".k) dksA guqeku] f'ko ,oa nqxkZ bR;kfn dh iwtk /kfeZd ugha %& ;g lHkh dks fofnr gS fd vk;Z yksx Hkkjr esa ckgj ls (bZjku bR;kfn) vk;sA ogka vkilh la?k"kZ ds dkj.k lqjkiku ('kjkc) djus okys leqg dks ns'k NksM+dj vkuk iM+kA /hjs&/hjs ;s Hkkjr esa vkdj la?k"kZ djrs jgsA bu dk ;s la?k"kZ vuk;ksZ vFkkZr ;gka ds ewy fuokfl;ksa ds lkFk djrs jgsA vuk;Z vfgalk oknh Fks] vk;Z fgalk oknh Fks tks la?k"kZ djrs jgs rFkk vuk;ksZ dks gjkrs jgsA egku o ;ks¼k jktk ckyh] fgj.kd';i] o`"koUr] 'kECkj egh"kklqj] ok.kklqj] 'kq".k] f=k'kjk] fiz; izcq¼] 'kqEHk; rFkk fo'kqEHk; bR;kfn vuk;Z jktkvksa dks vk;Z iq:"kks ,oa vk;Z efgykvksa vFkkZr nsfo;ksa us Ny o diV ls ekj Mkyk x;kA lEcwd ½f"k tSls egkuKkrk dk Hkh vuk;Z jktk (jke) us oDlk ughaA bl le; lHkh (dky esa) vk;ksZ dks nsork (lqj) rFkk ewy fuokfl;ksa dks vFkkZr vlqj ;k nkuo jk{kl dgk x;kA ml le; 36 djksM+ nsork

FksA ;fn 36 djksM+ dqy vkoknh gksxhA nsorkvksa dk jktk bUæ Fkk] tks vIljkvksa ls f?kjk jgrk FkkA tcfd czÞek] f'ko] fo".kq lHkh egk nsork FksA lHkh nsfo;ka Hkh] vk;Z oxZ dh gh FkhA Ny o diV ls gh bUgksaus vk;Z jktkvksa dk o/ fd;k FkkA bu nsfo;ksa dks ekrk dh mikf/ D;ksa nh x;hA] bUgsa ekrk D;ksa ekuk x;k ;g ,d vU; fo"k; gSA ftl dk o.kZu ;gka djuk vko';d ugha gSaA ukS nsfo;ka bl fy, vk;kssZ ds }kjk D;ksa iwth tkrh D;ksa fd vk;ksZ dh dYiukvksa us Ny o diV ls vuk;Z vFkkZr nkouksa dk o/ fd;k FkkA bl fy, fgUnqvksa (vk;ksZ) ds }kjk bu dh iwtk dh tkrh gSaA bu vk;ksZ ds }kjk osnksa dh jpuk dh x;h] (fgUnw iqLrd) bu xzUFkksa dks okn esa bZ'oj Ñr eku fy;k x;kA ;g ,d fopkj.kh; fo"k; gS fd vk;Z nsorkvksa dh iwtk djuk u rks vko';d gSa] u gha ;s /kfeZd dk;Z gSaA bude VSDl fVªO;wuy (eqEcbZ) dk dguk gS fd Hkxoku f'ko guqeku ,oa nqxkZ fdlh [kkl /eZ ls rkYywd ugha j[krs gSa] ;s ;wfuolZ dh lwij uspwjy ikoj gSaA fVªC;wuy us ;g Hkh dgk fd fgUnwRo dHkh dksbZ /eZ ;k dE;wfuVh ugha jgk gSaA bude VSDl deh'uj us ukxiqj f'ko efUnj nso LFkku iap dfeVh laLFkku dks VSDl ij NwV nsus ls ;g dgrs gq, bUdkj dj fn;k Fkk fd efUnj viuh 5 izfr'kr jde /kfeZd xfr fof/;ksa ij [kpZ djrk gSaA bude VSDl fu;eksa ds eqrkfod VSDl ij NwV rHkh fey ldrh gSa] tc laLFkku fdlh /eZ] tkfr] ;k oxZ ls lh/k&lh/k iQk;nk ugha mBk jgk gksA bude VSDl dfe'uj ds iQSlys ds f[kykiQ efUnj laLFkku dksBh (fVªO;wuy) esa vihy dh rks] mlus vius iQSlys esas dgka fd f'ko] guqeku] vkSj nqxkZ dh iwtk o efUnj ds j[k j[kkc ij vk;k /kfeZd [kpZ /kfeZd gksrk gSaA ;g Hkh dgk fd fgUnw /eZ esa dbZ leqqnk; gS tks vyx&vyx rjhdksa ls nsorkvksa dks iwtrs gS] ;gka rd dh fgUnw thou 'kSyh esa bruh vktknh gS fd Hkxokuksa dh iwtk djuk t:jh ugha gSaA tgka ,d gh txg jgus okys lHkh leqnk;ksa ds fy, dkuwu ,d gh gksrk gSaA ;s dkuwu eqfLye o bZlkbZ leqnk;ksa ij Hkh ykxw gksrk gSA ;g dsl 2008 ls fopkjk /hu gSaA efUnj laLFkku dh rjiQ ls ;g nyhy nh x;h Fkha fd ;gka tkfr /eZ dh dksbZ ofUn'k ugha


gS njokts lHkh ds fy, [kqys gSaA bude VSDl foHkkx us Hkh viuh lgefr nhA mUgksaus dgk fd /eZ dk eryc gS fd fdlh lqij ikWoj pht ij Hkjkslk djds mudh iwtk djukA fVªO;wuy us dgk fd ,slk dksbZ lcwr is'k ugha fd;k x;k fd efUnj laLFkku /eZ dk izpkj dj jgk FkkA (cs-U;w- vad 28) bl izdkj nsoh nsorkvksa dh iwtk rFkk efUnjksa dh /u lEifÙk ds fcjks/h iQSlys vk jgs gSa vk;Z nsorkvksa dh iwtk&vpZuk dh lR;rk lEcfU/r rRF; dks dksbZ lkfcr ugha dj ldrk gSaA jktLFkku ds vUrZxr ,d lEiw.kZ ifjokj ds vkB yksxksa us efUnj esa Hkxoku ds n'kZu ds fy, iwtk vpZuk dh ijUrq mUgsa Hkxoku ds n'kZu djuk pkgrs Fks ijUrq Hkxoku ds n'kZu us gksus ij lHkh us tgj feykdj yM~Mw [kk fy,] ftlls ikap dh e`R;q gks x;h rFkk rhu vLirky esa tku ls [ksy jgs gSa (nSfud tkxj.k 6&4&13)A ysfdu Hkxoku f'ko us mUgsa n'kZu ugha fn;sA bl fy, mUgksaus Hkxoku f'ko ds ikl tkus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA vxj Hkxoku esa 'kfDr gksrh rks n'kZu D;ksa ugha gksrs ;k Hkxoku f'ko bl izdkj dk ÑR; djus ls jksdrsA D;k ;g ekuo dh ,d dYiuk ugha gSaA iwtk djus ls f'ko ij ty p<+kus ls dksbZ ykHk izkIr ugha gksxkA ifj.kke D;k gksxk lHkh tkurs gS fiQj Hkh ekuo ,slk D;ksa djrk gSaA D;k ;s vU/ fo'okl ugha gSaA rFkkxr cq¼ D;k dgrs gSa\ rFkkxr cq¼ us dgk fd lalkj ;k l`f"V dk fuekZ.k ugha gqvkA l`f"V dk fodkl dk ifj.kke gSS A vFkkZr czÞekaM dks pykus ds izÑfr ds dqN fu;e dkuwu Hkh gSaA izÑfr dk

fu;e gSa iSnk djuk] tks iSnk gksxk og u"V Hkh gksxkA lHkh dk fodkl gks jgk gSaA ;gka rd dh ekuo dk ;g Lo:i izÑfr ds fodkl dk gh ifj.kke gSaA czÞekaM dk jfp;rk fdlh Hkh /eZ dk nso ugha gSa cfYd Lo;a izÑfr gh gSaA rFkkxr cq¼ vus vuqHko ds vk/kj ij bu fu;e dkuwuksa dks lwph c¼ djds ekuo dks mins'kksa ds }kjk le>kus dk iz;kl fd;k gSaA rFkkxr cq¼ dgrs gSa fd ^^bZ'oj dh iwtk djuk v/eZ gSaA** mUgksaus dgk fd eSa bZ'oj oknh fl¼kUr dks vLohdkj djrk gw¡ D;ksafd bZ'oj ds vfLrRo dk fl¼kUr lR;kfJr ugha gSaA ;g dsoy bZ'ojkfJr /eZ dh dYiukfJr gS vFkok dYiuk ek=k gSaA bZ'oj ij vk/kfjr /eZ ekuo ds dY;k.k ds fy, mi;ksxh ugha gSa] ;g fl¼kUr feF;k fo'okl mRiUu djrk gSaA bl fy, rFkkxr us dgk fd ^^bZ'oj ls izkFkZuk,a vkSj ;kpuk,sa djuk csdkj gSaA** ,d ckj rFkkxr cq¼] oklsV ls ckr phr djrs gq, dgrs gSa fd ;fn vfpjorh unh fdukjs rd yckyc Hkjh gks vkSj ,d vkneh ftls unh ds nwljs rV ij dke gks] og unh ikj djuh pkgs vkSj og unh fdukjs [kM+k gksdj og nwljs fdukjs dks iqdkj yxk;s gSa m/j ds fdukjs b/j vk tkvks] b/j vk tkvksaA gs oklsV vc ;g lkspks fd D;k ml vkneh ds izkFkZuk djus ls ];kpuk djus ls] vk'kk djus ls] Lrqfr djus ls og nwljk fdukjk m/j ls m/j pyk tk;sxkA** rFkkxr dk dFku lR;rk ij vk/kfjr gSa D;ksafd ;s lc dYiuk ek=k gSaA bZ'oj okn dk fl¼kUr dksjh dYiuk gSaA O;fDr vlgk; gks bZ'oj rFkk HkkX; dk lgkjk ysrk gSaA ckS¼ /eZ (/Ee) esa D;k gSa%& ckS¼ /Ee (/EkZ) lerkoknh] yksdrkfU=kd] rFkk foKku ij vk/kfjr dY;k.kdkjh /eZ gSaA bl /eZ esa dgha Hkh vU/ fo'okl ugha gSa bl /eZ esa peRdkj dk ukeks fu'kku ugha gSaA bl fy, lalkj ds 40 ns'kksa ls Hkh vkf/d ns'kksa esa iQSyk gSaA rFkkxr ds le; esa jktk] ,d vehj rFkk xjhc] czã.k rFkk 'kwæ] iq:"k rFkk ukjh] fHk[kkjh rFkk egknkuh rFkkxr ds /eZ esa lHkh yksx 'kkfey FksA lHkh ,d leku rFkkxr ds mins'k lqurs rFkk lkFk&lkFk laxBu esa jgrs FksA rFkkxr ds okn bl /eZ dk iru rks gqvk ysfdu lekIr ugha gqvk ijUrq vc ;g /eZ

yksd fiz;rk dks izkIr djrk tk jgk gSaA ckS¼ fl¼kUrksa ds dkj.k mRlkg tud ifj.kke fudy jgk gSaA 1- lalkj esa oSKkfudksa us ryk'kk nqfu;k dk lcls [kq'kgky ekuo yanu ds ,d ckS¼ fHkD[kq ,slk gSa ftls lpeqp dksbZ xe ugha gS vkSj og bl nqfu;ka dk lcls cM+k o [kq'kgky balku gSaA 66 o"khZ; eSF;w fjdMZ dks nqfu;k dk lcls [kq'kgky crk;k gSa fjdMZ ds efLr"d dh LdSfuax dk vè;;u djus ds ckn mUgksaus ;g fu.kZ; fy;k FkkA yxHkx 10 o"kZ igys fjdMZ us HkkSfrd oknh nqfu;k ls eqag eksM dj cksf/ izkfIr ds fy, Hkkjr esa vk;s FksA mudk vf/ dka'k le; è;ku (esfMVs'ku) esa xqtjrk gSaA 2- 4000 lSfud ckS¼ lk/uk (esfMVs'ku) è;ku ds fy, Hkkjr vk;saxs 12 fnlEcj ds jk"Vªh; lgkjk esa lekpkj Fkk ckS¼ lk/uk i¼fr ds egRo dks trkus okyk izdV gks x;kA bl lUnHkZ fozVsu ds 4000 lSfud ckS¼ lk/uk (esfMVs'ku) è;ku ds fy, Hkkjr vk;saxsA fozVsu esa viQxku o bZjkd ;q¼ esa yM+us ds dkj.k euksoSKkfud ohekfj;ksa ls ihfM+r gks x;s gSaA euksoSKkfud chekjh iksLV VªkeSfVd LVsªl fMLvkMZj ls ihfM+r ,sls 4000 lsfudksa dks è;ku o ekufld nckoksa ls mckjus ds fy, fogkj fLFkr ckS/ x;k Hkstk tk;saxkA 3- ckS¼/eZ eaxy djhc dY;k.kdkjh ln~/Ee gS lkjukFk esa fLFkr ewyxa/dqVks fogkj ds mn?kkVu ds le; if.M+r dSyk'k ukFk dkVtw us dgk FkkA 66 tc ls ckS¼/eZ dk bl ns'k ls yk;s gqvk mlh le; ls egku ns'k] fonsf'k;ksa ds 'kks"k.k vkSj xqykeh dk f'kdkj cukA ;g ns'k 700 o"kksZ eqLyekuksa dk xqyke jgk] 200 o"kZ vaxzstksa dk xqyke jgk vFkkZr 900 o"kksZ rd xqyke jgk FkkA ftl fnu ls ckS¼ /eZ dk iqu jks}kj dh ckr izkEHk gqbZ mlh fnu ls Hkkjr dh LorU=krk dk vkUnksyu Hkh izkjEHk gqvkA D;ksafd ckS¼ /eZ eaxy djhc dY;k.kdkjh ln~/Ee gSaA bl dk mís'; LojkT; izkIr djuk FkkA blds vykok ftl fnu ls ckS¼ /eZ dks bl Hkkjr ls [knsMk x;kA vktkn gksus ij eaxydkjh o dY;k.k dkjh 'kklu LFkkfir gksus ds LFkku ij vR;kpkjh /eZ us LFkku ys fy;kA ;gha czkã.kokn gh bl ns'k dks egku nsu gSaA**

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

43


cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

44

ckS¼ /eZ vkSj LorU=krk dk pksyhnkeu dk lkFk gSA 4- lalkj dk loZJs"B /eZ dk iqjLdkj ckS¼ /eZ dks bl lUnHkZ esa fLoV tjySM ls izdkf'kr 15&7&2009 ds fVªO;wu fM flYok uked lekpkj i=k ds vad ds vè;;u ls Kkr gksrk gSa fd ckS¼ /eZ gh lalkj dk loZJs"B /eZ gSaA ^^tsusok fLFkr dksfy'ku dkWV nh ,Mokal esaV vkofjyhl ,saMfLizpq vfyVh (vkbZ-lh-,-vk;w- ,l) us fo'o dk loZJs"B /eZ dk iqjLdkj bl o"kZ ckS¼ leqnk; dks fn;k gSaA fo'o ds 200 ls vf/d /eZ xq:vksa us bl vUrjk"Vªh; xksyest lEesyu esa vkè;kfRed {ks=k ds /kfeZdksa us fy;k ;g fu.kZ;A vkbZ lh-,-vk;w-,l- ds 'kks/ funs'kd tksuk gyV egksn; ds vuqlkj esjs fy, ;g dksbZ vk'p;Z dh ckr ugha Fkh fd ckS¼ /eZ dks fo'o dk loZJs"B /eZ dk iqjLdkj feykA ,d dSFkksfyd iknjhiQknj VsM vks 'kkuslh us csyiQkLV] eqfLye eSykuk rky fcu olkn (ikfdLrku) i:'kyse ds jCch'keq,y oklV Lrkbu bR;kfn us Hkh ckS¼ /eZ dks iqjLdkj feyus ij ljkguk dhA blesa vU/ fo'okl ugha gSa rFkk lekurk iw.kZ dk /eZ gSaA 5- cqMl ij Hkxoku cq¼ dh Ñik cqMl ds thou esa ,d rqiQku vk;k tks xzgLFkh ls lEcU/h FkkA ftlls bl dk xksYiQ [ksy izHkkfor gks x;k FkkA og vesfjdk dk ,d e'kgwj xksYiQ f[kykM+h ;k fotsrk Hkh FkkA og vius dykbZ esa Hkxoku cq¼ ls tqM+k ,d czslysV cka/rs FksA vesfjdk ds izkln xksYiQ [ksy i=kdkj tsbZcqloh us lkekftd esy tksy osclkbV VohVj ds ekè;e ls tkudkjh nh gSa fd ,d lekpkj pSuy dh i=kdkj dsyh fVYxeSu us jfookj dks lk{kkRdkj ds nkSjku cqMl ls bl czslysV ds okjs sea foLrkj iwNk FkkA fVYxeSu us cqMl ls iwNk fd vkius fdldk czslysV igu j[kk gSaA cqMl us mÙkj fn;k fd ;g ckS¼ /eZ dk ifo=k cszlysV gSaA tks lqj{kk o 'kfDr ds fy, /kj.k fd;k gqvk gSaA cqMl us dgk fd eq>s bl le; 'kfDr o lqj{kk dh cgqr gh vko';drk FkhA cqMl ls iwNk fd vki us ;g dc ls iguk gSaA rks mUgksaus dgk fd ;g czslysV dc /kj.k fd;k rks mUgksaus dgk fd gky gh esa lsDl lEcU/ h euksfodkjksa ds bykt ds fy, tkus ls igys eSaus ;g igyh ckj iguk FkkA cqMl us crk;k fd vxys txr esa okilh ds fy, ([ksy esa)

bl Hkh eSa bl igus j[kwaxk ([ksyrs le;) ftlls eq>s 'kfDr iznku gksxhA bl czslysV ds iguus ls muds vUnj vPNs fopkjksa dk lapkj gksrk gS eu pkgrk gS fd bls lkjh ftUnxh igus j[kwaA fookg ds ckn lEcU/ksa ds ckn mldh ftUnxh >wB ds bnZ fxnZ cl xbZ Fkh mUgksaus viuh ek¡ rFkk iRuh dks Hkh ijs'kku fd;k FkkA ysfdu ckS¼ /eZ ds czslysV iguus ls esjh ftUnxh esa cgqr cM+k cnyko vk;k Fkk rFkk esjh ftUnxh esa fiQj ls lPpkbZ ykSV vk;h gSaA lp dk lkeuk gksus ds ckn [kqn dks fotsrk ds :i esa ns[kkA eqfLdy ls fudyus ds fy, eSaus è;ku (esfMVs'ku) vkSj ckS¼ / eZ dk lgkjk fy;kA voS/ lEcU/ksa ds dkj.k esjh ftUnxh ujd cu x;h FkhA tks eq>ls esjh iRuh o ek¡ cgqr I;kj djrh Fkh eSa muls >wB oksyrk FkkA bl izdkj esjh ftUnxh esa lPpkbZ iqu% ykSV vk;h gSaA vc eSa ,slk dksbZ dke ugha djuk pkgrk ftlls esjs ifjtu eq> ij fiQj ls lUnsg djsaA cM+h gh eqfLdy dh ?kM+h esa eSaus è;ku vkSj cq¼ ds fopkjksa dks viuk;k rFkk eq>s izHkkfor Hkh fd;kA mYys[kuh; gS fd 26 uoEcj 2009 dks ÝyksfjM+k esa gqbZ Hkkjh nq?kZVuk ds ckn yxHkx 19 efgykvksa us cqMl ds lkFk voS/ lEcU/ksa dk nkok fd;k FkkA ftlls mudh ftUnxh esa Hkwpky vk;k FkkA mudh iRuh ,fyu us ,fyu ukMsZxzsu Hkh mUgsa NksM+ fn;k Fkk tc fd dbZ izeq[k izk;kstdksa us muds lkFk djkj [kRe dj fn;s FksA mlus (eSaus cqMl) xksYiQ ls Hkh lU;kl ys fy;k FkkA lkoZtfud ekaiQh ekaxus ds ckn xksYiQ esa okilh gks ldhA mudh iRuh ,fyu uksMsZxzsu Hkh okfil ykSV vk;h Fkh rFkk dbZ izeq[k izk;kstdksa us ,d ckj fiQj mu ij HkjkSlk trk;k gSa fo'o ds loksZPp ojh;rk izkIr xksYiQ f[kykM+h cqMl vxys enhus dkslZ ij okilh dk jgs gSaA bl izdkj Hkxoku rFkkxr cq¼ ds fl¼kUrksa ij py dj cqMl iqu% viuh ftUnxh esa okfil ykSV vk;k FkkA (24 ekpZ 2010 MaMks&,f'k;u U;wt lfoZl lkHkkj) (os-U;wt) fgUnw lEiznk; ds vuqlkj lcls egku bZ'oj dks loZ'kfDr eku ekus ;k Ñ".k dks loZ'kfDreku] ekus ;g ,d fookfnr fo"k; tku iM+rk gSaA D;ksafd Ñ".k us rks vius dks ijes'oj gh dgka gSaA ije$bZ'oj Ñ".k gh lcdh j{kk djrk lcdks gh Ñ".k us cuk;k gSaA rks fiQj czÞek dks D;k dgsaA D;ksafd fgUnw

osnksa ds vuqlkj czÞek us lHkh dh jpuk dh gSaA vxj fgUnw nsfo;ksa dh ekus rks mudk dguk gS fd gekjh 'kfDr o iwtk djus ls euq"; dks 'kfDr feyrh gSa] /u feyrk gSa] lUrku dh izkfIr gksrh gSaA lHkh dks lq[k feyrk gSaA lHkh fo"k;ksa vFkkZr bZ'oj] Ñ".k rFkk nsfo;ksa dh 'kfDr;ksa ds lUnHkZ esa lkspus ij dksbZ fu"d"kZ ij ugha igqapk tk ldrk gSaA D;ksafd ;s ,d xEHkhj fo"k; gSaA D;ksafd bZ'oj vtUek gS Ñ".k ije bZ'oj tUek gSa nsfo;ksa ds lEcU/ esa dqN dgk ugha tk ldrkA budh HkfDr o iwtk djus ls eqfDr fey ldrh gSa ftldh dsoy dYiuk gh dj ldrs gSaA rFkkxr cq¼ us rks bruk dgk gSa fd bZ'oj dh iwtk djuk v/eZ gSaA rFkkxr cq¼ us dgk fd tks esjs crk;s jkLrs ij pysxk ml dk fodkl gksxkA esjk crk;k gqvk jkLrk fodkl dk jkLrk gSaA bZ'oj dh iwtk vpZuk djus ls izk; lekIr gksrs gSA Ñ".k us dgk fd esjk uke ysus ls gh ekuo ds iki /qy tkrs gSA rFkkxr us iki o iq.; dk ifj.kke vPNk deZ djus ls gksrk gSaA vPNk deZ djus ls iki deZ gksxs gh ugha ldeZ o l/eZ ls ekuo dk Hkyk gh gksxk tks iq.; dk dk;Z Hkh gksxkA lR; D;k gSa bZ'oj okn ;k ckS¼ okn ;g Lo;a gh vius ekfLr"d ds iVy ij vafdr vki Lo;a (ekuo) gh dj ldrs gSaA rFkkxr dk jkLrk dY;k.k dk jkLrk gSa blls euq"; dk fodkl gksxkA tks tSlk deZ djsxk mldk iQy Lo;a gh Hkksxsxk] ysfdu Ñ".k dgrs gSa fd deZ rqe djks iQy eSa nwaxkA blls ekuo fuf"Ø; gh gksxk D;kasfd mls ekywe ugha gekjs deZ dk ijes'oj D;k iQy nsA lR; dh dlkSBh ij rFkkxr dk fodkloknh rFkk dY;k.kdkjh fl¼kUr gh [kjk mÙkjrk gSa D;ksafd ;g dsoy dYiuk gh ugha O;ogkfjd fl¼kUr gSaA ^^bZ'oj dksjh dYiuk gSa jax :i budk u dksbZA Ñ".k ,d dyk,a vusd le> ik;k bls u dksbZAA ekuo fodkl o dY;k.k dh] Hkkouk Lo:i gSa iap'khy budkA rFkkxr ds oSKkfud fl¼kUr dk iQy ik;k tks tkuk lkj bldkAA ys[kd Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egk lHkk fniz- (iath) ds iwoZ egk lfpo jg pqds gSaA


ckS/n /kEe er us iafMr nkeksnj Lokeh dks cuk;k jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u

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# cs/M+d U;wt+ MsLd Hkxoku~ cq¼k us dgk gS ¶eksg esa ge fdlh dh cqjkbZ ugha ns• irs vkSj ?k`.kk esa fdlh dh vPNkbZ ¶ vkt ckS/ /eZ dk lcls cM+k uqDlku ;s ckr dj jgh gS dh ;s nfyrksa dk /eZ gS ftlds otg ls bls yksx le>us ds fy, Hkh rS;kj ugha tcfd ;s oks er gS dh bls tks Hkh ,d ckj Bhd ls le> ys mls fiQj nqfu;k esa fdlh Hkh /eZ ds fl¼kar •ksdys yxrs gSaA dgk tkrk gS th ckS/ vkSj czkã.k ,d nqljs ds ijLij fojks/h jgs gSa ij vly esa ;s ckr dsoy jktusfrd dkj.kksa ls gh lgh gSA /kfeZd dkj.kksa ls rks D;k czkã.k D;k eqlyeku D;k blkbZ D;k vU; dksbZ ckS/ er ds vkxs dksbZ T;knk nsj rd bls viukus ls •qn dks ugha jksd ldrkA ,slk blfy, ugha dh ;s lcls vPNk /eZ gS cfYd blfy, dh dsoy ;gk¡ lR; vkSj rdZ T;knk gS ckfd txg dYiuk]xqVckth vkSj iqjksfgrokn T;knk gS A blh dM+h esa çLrqr gS ckS/ /Ee egkKkrk jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u dk NksVk lk ifjp; % ckS/ /Ee egkKkrk jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u (tUe& 9 vçSy] 1893_ e`R;q& 14 vçSy] 1963)

dks fgUnh ;k=kk lkfgR; dk tud ekuk tkrk gSA os ,d çfrf"Br cgqHkk"kkfon Fks vkSj 20oha lnh ds iwokZ¼Z esa mUgksaus ;k=kk o`rkar rFkk fo'o&n'kZu ds {ks=k esa lkfgfR;d ;ksxnku fd,A ckS¼ /eZ ij mudk 'kks/ fgUnh lkfgR; esa ;qxkUrjdkjh ekuk tkrk gS] ftlds fy, mUgksaus frCcr ls ysdj Jhyadk rd Hkze.k fd;k FkkA jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u th dk tUe 9 vçSy] 1893 dks iUngk xzke] ftyk vktex<+ (mÙkj çns'k) esa gqvkA jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u ds firk dk uke xkso/Zu ik.Ms vkSj ekrk dk uke dqyoUrh FkkA buds pkj HkkbZ vkSj ,d cfgu Fkh] Hkkb;ksa esa T;s"B jkgqy th FksA fir`dqy ls feyk gqvk mudk uke ^dsnkjukFk ik.Ms* FkkA cpiu ls gh os vU/fo'okl vkSj deZdkaM dks ilan ugha djrs Fks]/eZ dh ftKklk iwrhZ mUgsa lu~ 1930 bZ- esa yadk esa ckS¼ er dks le>us ls feyh ftlds ckn mUgksaus ckS/ er dks fganh esa miyC/ djus esa viuk lkjk thou yxk fn;k A mUgksaus Hkxoku~

dêðj lukruh czkã.k dqy esa tUe ysdj Hkh lukru ;k czkã.k ;k fgUnw /eZ dh :f<+;ksa dks jkgqy th us vius Åij ls mrkj iQsadk vkSj tks Hkh rdZoknh /eZ ;k rdZoknh lekt'kkL=k muds lkeus vkrs x;s] mls xzg.k djrs x;s vkSj 'kuS% 'kuS% mu /eks± ,oa 'kkL=kksa ds Hkh ewy rRoksa dks viukrs gq, muds cká <k¡ps dks NksM+rs x;sA lukru /eZ ls] vk;Z lekt ls vkSj ckS¼ /eZ ls lkE;okn&jkgqy th ds lkekftd fpUru dk Øe gS] jkgqy th fdlh /eZ ;k fopkj/kjk ds nk;js esa c¡/ ugha ldsA cq¼k vkSj muds /Ee ekxZ ls firk ds lkeku çse fd;k vkSj •qn dks csVk ekudj Hkxoku~ cq¼k ds csVs jkgqy ds uke ij viuk uke Hkh jkgqy j• fy;k AckS¼ gksus ds iwoZ jkgqy th ^nkeksnj Lokeh* ds uke ls Hkh iqdkjs tkrs FksA ^jkgqy* uke ds vkxs ^lkaLÑR;k;u* blfy, yxk fd fir`dqy lkaÑR; xks=kh; gSA dêðj lukruh czkã.k dqy esa tUe ysdj Hkh lukru ;k czkã.k ;k fgUnw /eZ dh :f<+;ksa dks jkgqy th us vius Åij ls mrkj iQsadk vkSj tks Hkh rdZoknh /eZ ;k rdZoknh lekt'kkL=k muds lkeus vkrs x;s] mls xzg.k djrs x;s vkSj 'kuS% 'kuS% mu /eks± ,oa 'kkL=kksa ds Hkh ewy rRoksa dks viukrs gq, muds cká <k¡ps dks NksM+rs x;sA lukru /eZ ls] vk;Z lekt ls vkSj ckS¼ /eZ ls lkE;okn&jkgqy th ds lkekftd fpUru dk Øe gS] jkgqy th fdlh /eZ ;k fopkj/kjk ds nk;js esa c¡/ ugha ldsA ^efT>e fudk;* ds lw=k dk gokyk nsrs gq, jkgqy th us viuh ^thou ;k=kk* esa bl ckS/ /eZ ij vius fganh lkfgR; dk Li"Vhdj.k bl çdkj fd;k gS& ¶cM+s dh Hkk¡fr eSaus rqEgsa mins'k fn;k gS] og ikj mrjus ds fy, gS] flj ij <ks;s&<ks;s fiQjus ds fy, ugha&rks ekywe gqvk fd ftl pht dks eSa brus fnuksa ls <w¡<rk jgk gw¡] og fey x;h¸A ckS/ /eZ ij muds dqN fganh ys•u fuEu çdkj ls gSa& cq¼p;kZ* (1930 bZ-)] /

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Eein* (1933 bZ-)] fou; fiVd* (1934 bZ)] egkekuo cq¼* (1956 bZ-)] efT>e fudk; – fganh vuqokn (1933)] fn?k fudk;&fganh vuqokn (1935 bZ-)] la;qÙk fudk;&fganh vuqokn] ½XoSfnd vk;Z ] n'kZu fnXn'kZu] rqEgkjh {k; – Hkkjrh; tkrh O;oLFkk] py pyu ij O;ax ?kqeDdM+h LoHkko okys jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u lkoZnsf'kd n`f"V dh ,slh çfrHkk Fks] ftudh lkfgR;] bfrgkl] n'kZu laLÑfr lHkh ij leku idM+ FkhA foy{k.k O;fÙkQRo ds vn~Hkqr euh"kh] fpUrd] nk'kZfud] lkfgR;dkj] ys•d] deZ;ksxh vkSj lkekftd ØkfUr ds vxznwr :i esa jkgqy us ftUnxh ds lHkh i{kksa dks ft;kA ;gh dkj.k gS fd mudh jpuk/feZrk 'kq¼ dykoknh lkfgR; ugha gS] oju~ og lekt] lH;rk] laLÑfr] bfrgkl] foKku] /eZ] n'kZu bR;kfn ls vuqçkf.kr gS tks :<+ /kj.kkvksa ij dqBkjk?kkr djrh gS rFkk thou&lkis{k cudj lekt dh çxfr'khy 'kfÙkQ;ksa dks laxfBr dj la?k"kZ ,oa xfr'khyrk dh jkg fn•krh gSA ,sls euh"kh dks vius thou ds vafre fnuksa esa ^Le`fr yksi* tSlh voLFkk ls xqtjuk iM+k ,oa bykt gsrq mUgsa ekLdks Hkh ys tk;k x;kA ij ?kqeDdM+h dks dkSu ck¡/ ik;k gS] lks vçSy ûùöý esa os iqu% ekLdks ls fnYyh vk x, vkSj ûþ vçSy] ûùöý dks lÙkj o"kZ dh vk;q esa nkftZfyax esa lU;kl ls lkE;okn rd dk mudk liQj iwjk gks x;k ij mudk thou n'kZu vkSj ?kqeDdM+h

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

46

LoHkko vkt Hkh gekjs chp thfor gSAjkgqy th ?kqeDdM+h ds ckjs es dgrs gSa% ¶esjh le> esa nqfu;k dh loZJs"B oLrq gS ?kqeDdM+hA ?kqeDdM+ ls c<+dj O;fÙkQ vkSj lekt dk dksbZ fgrdkjh ugha gks ldrkA nqfu;k nq• esa gks pkgs lq• esa] lHkh le; ;fn lgkjk ikrh gS rks ?kqeDdM+ksa dh gh vksj lsA çkÑfrd vkfne euq"; ije ?kqeDdM+ FkkA vk/qfud dky esa ?kqeDdM+ksa ds dke dh ckr dgus dh vko';drk gS] D;ksafd yksxksa us ?kqeDdM+ksa dh Ñfr;ksa dks pqjk ds mUgsa xyk iQkM+–iQkM+dj vius uke ls çdkf'kr fd;kA ftlls nqfu;k tkuus yxh fd oLrqr% rsyh ds dksYgw ds cSy gh nqfu;k esa lc dqN djrs gSaA vk/qfud foKku esa pkYlZ Mkjfou dk LFkku cgqr Å¡pk gSA mlus çkf.k;ksa dh mRifÙk vkSj ekuo–oa'k ds fodkl ij gh vf}rh; •kst ugha dh] cfYd dguk pkfg, fd lHkh foKkuksa dks Mkjfou ds çdk'k esa fn'kk cnyuh iM+hA ysfdu] D;k Mkjfou vius egku vkfo"dkjksa dks dj ldrk Fkk] ;fn mlus ?kqeDdM+h dk ozr u fy;k gksrkA vkneh dh ?kqeDdM+h us cgqr ckj •wu dh ufn;k¡ cgk;h gS] blesa lansg ugha] vkSj ?kqeDdM+ksa ls ge gjfxt ugha pkgsaxs fd os •wu ds jkLrs dks idM+saA fdUrq ?kqeDdM+ksa ds dkiQys u vkrs tkrs] rks lqLr ekuo tkfr;k¡ lks tkrh vkSj i'kq ls Åij ugha mB ikrhA vesfjdk vf/ drj futZu lk iM+k FkkA ,f'k;k ds dwieaMwd dks ?kqeDdM+ /eZ dh efgek Hkwy x;h] blfy, mUgksaus vesfjdk ij viuh >aMh ugha xkM+hA nks 'krkfCn;ksa igys rd vkLVªsfy;k •kyh iM+k FkkA phu] Hkkjr dks lH;rk dk cM+k xoZ gS] ysfdu budks bruh vDy ugha vk;h fd tkdj ogk¡ viuk >aMk xkM+ vkrsA¸ iqjLdkj egkif.Mr jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u dks lu~ 1958 esa ^lkfgR; vdkneh iqjLdkj* vkSj lu~ 1963 Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk ^iÁ Hkw"k.k* ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA e`R;q jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u dks vius thou ds vafre fnuksa esa ^Le`fr yksi* tSlh voLFkk ls xqtjuk iM+k ,oa bykt gsrq mUgsa ekLdks ys tk;k x;kA ekpZ] 1963 esa os iqu% ekLdks ls fnYyh vk x, vkSj vçSy] 1963 dks lÙkj o"kZ dh vk;q esa laU;kl ls lkE;okn rd dk mudk liQj iwjk gks x;kA

i`"B 17 dk 'ks"k-----

ckck lkgsc MkW- vacM s dj dk /Eeksins'k------og lc dqN eSaus dg fn;k gSA cq¼ /Ee lcls vPNk /Ee gSA mlesa dksbZ nks"k ugha gSA fganw /eZ esa dqN ,sls rRo gSa] ftuls fdlh dks mRlkg ugha fey ldrkA blus gtkjksa o"kksZ ls vkt rd gekjs lekt esa fdlh dks Hkh fo}ku ugha cuus fn;kA vki yksxksa ds lkeus eq>s vius cpiu dh ckrsa crkrs gq, fdlh izdkj dh f>>d ugha gksrh gSA esjs Ldwy esa ,d cke.k (ejkBk) vkSjr FkhA og Lo;a vui<+ Fkh ijarq eq>s dHkh Nwrh u FkhA esjh eka eq>dks dgrh Fkh fd eSa cM+s yksxksa dks ekek dgdj iqdk:aA iksLVeSu dks eSa ^ekek* dgdj iqdkjk FkkA Ldwy esa ,d fnu eq>s I;kl yxhA blds fy, eSaus vius ekLVj ls dgk] ekLVj us pijklh dks cqykdj dgk fd bls uy ij tkdj ikuh fiyk ykvksA pijklh us uy [kksyk rks eSaus ikuh fi;kA vxj dHkh pijklh u gqvk rks dbZ&dbZ fnu ikuh ihus dks ugha feyrk FkkA I;klk gh ?kj vkrk Fkk vkSj ?kj ij gh I;kl dks cq>krk FkkA tc eSa i<+ dj okil vk;k] rc eq>s fMfLVªDV tt cuus ds fy, dgk x;kA ysfdu bl jLlh (iQns) dks eSaus vius xys esa ugha ca/ok;k D;ksafd esjs ukSdj gks tkus ij esjs yksxksa dh lsok dkSu djsxk\ blh fopkj dks è;ku esa j[kdj eSa ukSdjh ds pDdj esa ugha iM+kA O;fDrxr :i ls bl ns'k dh fdlh Hkh ^:f<+* ;k ckr dk fojks/ djuk esjs fy, dfBu ugha gSaA vki yksxksa ds flj ij oS';ksa] {kf=k;ksa vkSj czkã.kksa us igkM+ [kM+k fd;k gqvk gSA mldks fdl izdkj myVk tk, ;k rksM+k tk, ;g ,d cgqr gh egRoiw.kZ loky gSA blfy, eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd bl /Ee dk iw.kZ Kku djkmQaA ;g esjk drZO; Hkh gSA bl dk;Z ds fy, eSa iqLrdsa fy[kdj vkSj vki yksxksa dh 'kadk,a nwj djds iw.kZ Kku izkIr djkmQaxkA vki eq> ij fo'okl j[kk dj pfy,A viuk vkSj lalkj dk Hkh m}kj djks! vki ij vc dkiQh ftEesnkjh vk iM+h gSA ;g cM+h Hkkjh pht gSA vki yksxksa dks ,sls dke djus pkfg, ftlls lHkh vkidk vknj djsA vki bl /Ee dks ,slk u le>sa fd vkius xys esa feV~Vh dk ?kM+k cka/ fy;k gSA ckS¼ /Ee dh n`f"V ls Hkkjr dh Hkwfe vc lqulku taxy dh Hkkafr gSA blfy, vkidk

ije drZO; gSA fd vki bl ifo=k /Ee dks mre jhfr ls ikyus dh izfrKk djsa] vU;Fkk bl /eZ&ifjorZu dh fuank gksxhA vkt vki lHkh izfrKk djsa fd vki lHkh ckS¼ u dsoy viuk] cfYd vius lkFk vius ns'k dk vkSj blds lkFk lkjs lalkj dk m}kj djsaxsA lalkj dk m}kj ckS¼ /Ee ls gh gksxkA lalkj esa tc rd U;k; dks LFkku ugha feysxk] rc rd 'kkafr LFkkfir ugha gks ldrhA vkenuh dk chloka Hkkx nhft, ;g u;k dke cgqr lokZf/d ftEesnkjh dk gSA bls iwjk djus ds fy, vkius n`<+ ladYi fd;k gSA gekjs ukStokuksa dks cgqr dqN djuk gSA bl ckr dks iw.kZ :i ls vkidks è;ku esa j[kuk pkfg,A vki yksx dsoy isV ds gh iqtkjh u cusA vki de ls de viuh vkenuh dk chloka Hkkx bl ifo=k /Ee izpkj ds fy, nku nsus dk fu.kZ; djsaA eq>s vki lcdks vius lkFk ys tkuk gSA rFkkxr us igys&igys dqN gh yksxksa dks nh{kkk nh vkSj mlh le; mudks vkns'k fn;k fd os bl ifo=k /Ee dk izpkj djsaA mlds ckn ;'k uked ,d fo}ku vkSj 60 O;fDr;ksa us ckS¼ /Ee dh nh{kk yhA ;'k Hkh vehj ?kjkus ds FksA buls Hkxoku us dgk fd ;g / Ee ^^cgqtu fgrk;] cgqtu lq[kk; yksdkuqdaik; vkfn dY;k.ka] eT> dY;k.ka] ifj;olku dY;k.ka vFkkZr cgqr tuksa ds fgr ds fy, gSa] cgqr tuksa ds lq[k ds fy, gS vkSj lc yksxksa ij vuqdaik djus ds fy, gSA ;g vkfn] eè; vkSj var esa dY;k.kdkjd gS** Hkxoku us ifjfLFkfr ds vuqlkj vius /Ee izpkj ds <ax dks viuk;k FkkA vc gesa Hkh vius le;kuqlkj bl /Ee ds izpkj dk <ax viukuk gksxkA bl ns'k esa ckS¼ fHkD[kq i;kZIr ugha gSA blfy, vki esa ls gj ,d dks bl /Ee dh nh{kk Lo;a ysuh gksxhA bl ckr dh eSa iw.kZ ?kks"k.kk djrk gw¡ fd gj ckS¼ / Eekuq;k;h izR;sd O;fDr dks nwljksa dks Hkh f=k'kj.k] iap'khy ,oa 22 izfrKkvksa lfgr ckS¼ /Ee ds nhf{kr djus dk iw.kZ vf/dkj gSA Hkorq lCceaxyaA lkHkkj&lks'ky ,Dlu xzqi iQkj vacsMdj jhiQkeZ


egkekuo xkSre cq¼ ^egkdkO;* dk yksdkiZ.k] fopkj xks"Bh ,oa dfo lEesyu lEiUu O cs/M+d U;wt ,oa cs/M+d izdk'ku ds rRok/ku esa HkO; vEcsMdj t;arh dk vk;kstuA OvEcsMdj fe'ku ewoesaV esa lefiZr y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj ths dks ¶cs/Md lkfgR;dkj¸] Vh-ih-flag th dks ¶cs/Md i=kdkj¸] vkj-,y-dSu th dks ¶cs/Md lekftd dk;Zdrk¸] fl¼ xksiky lkxj th dks ¶cs/Md /Ee izpkjd¸ ,oa /unsoh th dks ¶cs/Md efgyk lekftd dk;ZdrkZ¸ lEeku&2013 ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA Ocs/M+d U;wt+ ,oa cs/M+d izdk'ku rFkk lg vk;kstd vkj- ds dSu] laLFkkid xzhu ohul ifCyd Ldwy] ds lkStU; ls 50 vU; vEcsMdj fe'ku ewoesaV esa lefiZr lekt ds izfrf"Br x.kekU;ksa dks ,d 'kkWy ,oa izrhd fpaÞu HksaV dj lEekfur fd;kA O^^egkekuo xkSre cq¼** uked iqLrd yksdki.kZ ds lkFk gh ¶cs/M+d izdk'ku¸ dk vkxktA

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vk'kk jke xkSre

m-iwohZ fnYyhA cs/M+d izdk'ku ds rRoko/ku esa n xzsVsLV bafM;u] jk"Vª fuekZrk] Hkkjr jRu cksf/lRo ckck lkgsc MkW-Hkhejko vEcsMdj dh 122 oha t;arh o"kZ ds ikou volj ij xzhu chul ifCyd Ldwy] eSu tkSgjh iqj jksM+]fnYyh&94 ds izkax.k esa cs/ M+d izdk'ku dk ,sfrgkfld egkdkO; ¶egkekuo xkSre cq¼¸ dk yksdkiZ.k] cs/ M+d lEeku lekjksg&2013] fopkj xks"Bh ,oa fo'kky dfo lEesyu dk vk;kstu cM+h / we&/ke ls fd;k x;kA dk;ZØe esa mifLFkr fHkD[kq la?k J¼s; fHkD[kq v'o?kks"k] fHkD[kq fo'oca/q] fHkD[kq fou;'khy ds }kjk nhi izTtoyu djds

mifLFkr mikldksa ds }kjk f=k'kj.k ,oa iap'khy mPpkj.k ds lkFk dk;ZØe dh 'kq:vkr gqbZA rRi'pkr cs/M+d U;wt ds laj{kd jgs ekU;oj vkj-lh-Hkkjrh] laLFkkid] fl¼kFkZ bUVj us'kuy ifCyd LdwYl fnYyh@,ulhvkj ds vkdfLed fu/ u ij nks feuV dk ekSu j[kdj J¼katfy nh x;hA bl volj ij muds ifjokj ls v'kksd iqjh mifLFkr FksA bl yksdkiZ.k lekjksg ds eq[; vfrfFk J¼s; fHkD[kq fo'ocU/q] ps;jeSu cq¼k ,tqds'ku iQkmUMs'ku] ubZ fnYyh] ekU;oj gfj'pUæ (lekt lsoh)] y{eh ukjk;.k lq/ kdj] MkW-dqlqe fo;ksxh] rst iky flag rst] ,-vkj-tks'kh] MkW-,l-ih-flag] vkj0 ds dSu] laLFkkid xzhu ohul ifCyd Ldwy] ,oa

lSdM+ksa mikld&mifldkvksa dh ekStwnxh esa cs/M+d izdk'ku dh izFke izdkf'kr /Ee iqLrd dfooj vkj-,l-fnudj }kjk jfpr egkdkO; ^^egkekuo xkSre cq¼** dk fof/ or yksdki.kZ fd;k x;kA iqLrd dh ppkZ djrs gq, lkfgR;kyadkj MkW-dqlqe fo;ksxh us dgk fd cksf/lRo ckck lkgsc MkW-ch-vkjvEcsMdj }kjk jfpr ^fn cq¼k ,.M fgt / Eek* bl lnh dh egku Økafrdkjh iqLrd gSA MkW-dqlqe fo;ksxh us ^^egkekuo xkSre cq¼** ds jpf;rk dfooj vkj-,l-fnudj th dks bl egku ÑfRkRo ds fy, lk/qokn nsrs gq, dgk ekuuh; vk-,l- fnudj (iz/ kukpk;Z) th }kjk jfpr egkdkO; ^^egk ekuo xkSre cq¼--- muds dkS'ky dk vn~Hkqr mnkgj.k gSA jpukdkj }kjk fdlh egkekuo ds izfr vfHkizsfjr gksuk mlds nk'kZfud fopkjksa ls gh ugha vfirq muds /Ee izopuksa ls jpukdkj dk tu ekul dgha xgjs rd izHkkfor gksrk gSA tc O;fDr vkSj fopkj dk lkeatl LFkkfir gksrk gSA tc dfo eu ,d jl gks tkrk gSA rks ,slh dkyat;h Ñfr;ksa dks tUe feyrk gSA dfo fnudj th }kjk jfpr ;g egkdkO; Hkxoku rFkkxr cq¼ ds thou ,oa n'kZu ij vk/kfjr egkdkO; Ñfr gSA mUgksaus bl iqLrd dh lktlTtk o csgrjhu izdk'kdh; dk;Z ds fy, cs/Md izdk'ku ds laLFkkid tloar flag cs/M+d dks lk/

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

48

vEcsMdj fe'ku ewoesaV esa lefiZr y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj ths ¶cs/Md lkfgR;dkj¸] Vh-ih-flag th ¶cs/Md i=kdkj¸] vkj-,y-dSu th ¶cs/Md lekftd dk;Zdrk¸] fl¼ xksiky lkxj th ¶cs/Md /Ee izpkjd¸ ,oa /unsoh ¶cs/Md efgyk lekftd dk;ZdrkZ¸ lEeku&2013 ysrs gq,A

qokn fn;k] lkFk gh mEehn trkbZ fd Hkfo"; esa ¶cs/M+d izdk'ku¸ ckS¼@vEcsM+djh vkanksyu esa lfØ; Hkwfedk vnk djrs gq, ,d u;k ehy dk iRFkj lkfcr gksxkA bl volj ij jpukdkj ekU;oj vkj,l-fnudj us crk;k fd cksf/lRo ckck lkgsc MkW-ch-vkj-vEcsMdj }kjk jfpr Økafrdkjh iqLrd ^fn cq¼k ,.M fgt /Eek* dk i| esa jpuk djus ds ihNs esjk eaRkO; lkiQ gS fd eSa pkgrk Fkk fd fgUnqvksa dh jkek;.k dh Hkkafr ckS¼ mikldksa ds ikl Hkh dkO; fo|k esa ,d ,slk xzaFk gks tks fd mildksa esa ,d ubZ mQtkZ ,oa :fp iSnk djsA iqLrd yksdki.kZ ds i'pkr orZeku lanHkZ esa MkW-vEcsM+dj ds fopkj vkSj nfyr i=kdkfjrk dh lkFkZdrk fo"k; ij ,d fopkj xks"Bh orZeku lanHkZ esa MkW-vEcsM+dj ds fopkj vkSj nfyr i=kdkfjrk dh lkFkZdrkfo"k; ij ,d fopkj xks"Bh 'kq: gqbZ bl fopkj xks"Bh esa MkW-dqlqe fo;ksxh] ofj"B lkfgR;dkj ,oa nfyr fpard] bZ'kdqekj xaxkfu;ka] 'kq: gqbZ bl fopkj xks"Bh esa MkW-dqlqe fo;ksxh] ofj"B lkfgR;dkj ,oa nfyr fpard] bZ'kdqekj xaxkfu;ka] ofj"B lkfgR;dkj ,oa nfyrfpard] vkj-vkj-ckx],MoksdsV gkbZdksVZ ,oa nfyr fpard] lquhrk ,u- dqekj] nfyr fpard ,oa tloar flag ^cs/M+d* laiknd] cs/Md U;wt us vius&vius fopkj izLrqr fd,A bu lHkh us orZeku lanHkZ esa nfyr ehfM;k dh vko';drk ij tksj nsrs gq, dgk fd orZeku esa ns'k dh uhfr fu/kZjd ehfM;k cu x;k gSA euqoknh ehM;k }kjk nfyr

yxkrkj viekfur ,oa mis{kk dk f'kdkj gqvk gSA vkt nfyrksa ds lkFk ?kfVr ?kVukvksa dks yxkrkj euqoknh ehfM;k }kjk utjvankt djuk ,oa nfyr fojks/h eqfge pykuk gh nfyr ehfM;k dh vko';drk eglwl djkrk gSA orZeku le; esa nfyr i=k&if=kdkvkas dk c<+rk xzkiQ ,d lqdwu iznku djrk gSA vHkko] izfrLi/kZRed ,oa izfrdwy ekgkSy ,oa esa nfyr i=k&if=kdkvksa dks orZeku le; esa pykuk ,d pqukSrhiw.kZ dk;Z gSA budks ljdkj dk Hkh lg;ksx ugha fey jgk gksrk gS blfy, vc ge lc ij ;g ftEesnkjh vk tkrh gS fd bu i=k&if=kdkvksa dks fujarj pykus ds fy, viuk Hkjiwj lg;ksx nsaA cs/M+d U;wt+ ds laiknd ,oa cs/M+d izdk'ku ds laiknd tloar flag ^cs/M+d* us izLrqr oDrO; esa dgk fd loZfofnr gS ijeiwT; cksf/lRo ckck lkgsc MkW-Hkhejko vEcsMdj us vius thou la?k"kZ ds nkSjku nfyr@'kksf"kr lekt esa tkxzfr ykus gsrq le;&le; ij ewduk;d]cfg"Ñr Hkkjr] lerk] lIrkfgd turk] uked ,oa izcq¼Hkkjr uked i=k o if=kdkvksa dk izdk'ku fd;kA orZeku esa nfyr leqnk; eas ?kfVr ?kVukvksa dks euqoknh ehfM;k }kjk utjvankt djuk rFkk vius vuqlkj rksM+&ejksM+ dj is'k djuk gh vius nfyr ehfM+;k dh vko';drk eglwl djkrk gSA vkt ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd nfyr oxZ ds yksx vlgk; gSa rFkk f'kf{kr gksus ds ckotwn Hkh viuh ckr dks cs/M+d :i ls izdV djus esa v{ke gSaA

esjk ekuuk gS fd ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj us Hkkjrh; lafo/ku fuekZ.k dj djksM+ksa 'kksf"krksa dks ewduk;d ls cs/M+d cukdj gekjs fodkl dk jkLrk lqfuf'pr fd;kA ckck lkgsc MkW-Hkhejko vEcsMdj ds dkjoka dks xfr'khyrk iznku djus gsrq ,oa Hkkjr ds cgqtuksa dh vkokt dks cqyan djus gsrq cs/M+d U;wt+ o cs/M+d izdk'ku dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ gSA gesa Hkkjr ds cgqtuksa dks cs/M+d cukuk gksxk vkSj ckck lkgsc ds fe'ku dks iwjk djuk gksxkA bl ekSds ij lacksf/r djrs gq, cs/M+d U;wt+ ds laj{kd ,-vkj-tks'kh us dgk fd i=k&if=kdk;sa lekt ds vkbZus gksrs gSaA nfyrksa ds fodkl esa i=k&if=kdk;sa cgqr gh ljy lgk;d lk/u lkfcr gks ldrs gSaA D;ksafd esjk ekuuk gS fd Økafr fopkjksa ds vknku iznku ls gh vk ldrh gS vkSj fopkjksa ds vknku&iznku djus dk lLrk vkSj vPNk lk/u i=k&if=kdkvksa ds flok dqN vkSj ugha gks ldrkA vkt dh bl fopkjxks"Bh ds volj ij cs/M+d U;wt+ ds laj{kd] pkS/jh lqjsUæ dqekj] fo/k;d&xksdyiqj fo/ku lHkk] fnYyh] ,-vkj-tks'kh] ofj"B lekt lsoh] MkW,l-ih-flag] ofj"B lekt lsoh] ,oa 'k'kh dkar Hkkjrh] izca/d&fl¼kFkZ baVj us'kuy ifCyd LdwYl] fnYyh@,ulhvkj dks 'kkWy ,oa izrhd fpag HksaV dj lEekfur fd;k x;kA bl ds ckn cs/M+d U;wt+ ,oa cs/M+d izdk'ku rFkk lg vk;kstd vkj- ds dSu] laLFkkid xzhu ohul ifCyd Ldwy] ds lkStU; ls cs/M+d lEeku&2013 fn;s x;s


ftlesa crkSj y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj th dks ¶cs/Md lkfgR;dkj¸] Vh-ih-flag th dks ¶cs/Md i=kdkj¸] vkj-,y-dSu th dks ¶cs/Md lekftd dk;Zdrk¸] fl¼ xksiky lkxj th dks ¶cs/Md /Ee izpkjd¸ ,oa / unsoh th dks ¶cs/Md efgyk lekftd dk;ZdrkZ¸ lEeku&2013 ds :i esa lEekfur fd;k x;kA blesa izR;sd dks ,d lkWy ,oa izrhd fpaÞu Lo:i Hkxoku xkSre cq¼ dh ewfrZ HksaV dh x;haA cs/M+d U;wt ds laiknd ,oa cs/M+d izdk'ku ds laLFkkid tloar flag cs/M+d ds firk th ,oa ekrk th ds dj deyksa ds }kjk rFkk clik fo/k;d pkS/jh lqjsUæ dqekj] iwoZ fo/k;d pkS/jh iQrsg flag]iwoZ fo/k;d cytksj flag] xq: pj.k flag] jk"Vªh; vè;{k] lerk lSfud ny ,oa cs/ M+d U;wt ds laj{kd ,-vkj-tks'kh] MkW-,l-

ih-flag ds dj deykssa }kjk 50 vU; vEcsMdj fe'ku ewoesaV esa lefiZr lekt ds izfrf"Br x.kekU;ksa dks ,d 'kkWy ,oa izrhd fpaÞu HksaV dj lEekfur fd;kA bl ikou volj ij dfo lEesyu dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA bl dfo lEesyu esa vk;s dfooj] y{ehukjk;.k lq/kdj] egrko flag vpy] NTtw flag lqtku] lwjt Hkku vktkn] MkW- jktohj dey] Jherh /unsoh] jk?kosUæ flag jk?ko] jfoUæ dqekj] fd'kksjh yky fgrdkjh] lhrkjke lg;ksxh] chMh lqtkr] jkgqy ukxiky] u;u flag u;u] vkfn us dfork ikB dj n'kZdksa dks ea=k eqX/ dj fn;kA dk;ZØe ds var esa tloar flag ^cs/Md* ds liq=k e;ad flag dk dsd dkVdj ikapoka tUe fnol euk;kA lHkh us bl volj ij e;ad flag dks mlds tUe fnu dh y[k&y[k c/kbZ;ka nhaA

bl dk;ZØe esa ,-vkj- xkSre] fl¼kFkZ dqekj] fot; ckS¼] vkj-vkj-ckx]MkWvejiky]Mkypan iz/ku] fd'ku pan] jke jru] dey flag ckS¼] gfj'pUæ ckS¼] jk/ s';ke xkSre] ujs'k pUæ] jktohj flag] fodkl vk;Z] jfo oekZ] :ijke ckxh] /eZohj flag ckS¼] lq'khy dqekj] NksVsyky ckS¼] MkWlh-ih-flag] vyh fcYMj] Ñ".k igyoku] fiUVw ckS¼] vfuy ekLVj] euh"k dqekj] Yk[keh pUn] jktw] ,oa fnYyh @,ulhvkj ls izfrf"Br x.kekU; O;fDr;ksa lfgr lSdM+ksa ckS¼ mikld&mifldkvksa us Hkkx fy;kA vkt ds bl lekjksg ds vk;kstd ,oa cs/M+d U;wt ds laiknd tloar flag cs/ M+d us lekjksg esa vk;s lHkh vfrfFk;ksa] ckS¼ mikld&mifldkvksa dk /U;okn fd;k vkSj lCcs lÙkk ds lkFk lekjksg dks lEiUu fd;k x;kA

fo'kky nfyr f'k{kd lEesyu ,oa lsfeukj vk;ksftr ubZ fnYyhA la;qDr vuqlwfpr tkfr@tutkfr f'k{kd eap] fnYyh ,oa f'k{kk funs'kky; foax ds rRoko/ku esa 'kadj yky gky]fnYyh fo0fo esa HkkjrjRu ckck lkgsc MkW0 vEcsMdj dh 122 oha t;arh ds miy{; esa fo'kky nfyr f'k{kd lEesyu ,oa HkkjrjRu MkW-Hkhejko vacsMdj dh dksyfEc;k ;kk=kk ds lkS o"kZ iwjs gksus ds miy{; esa ,d lsfeukj dk Hkh vk;kstu fd;k x;kA bl dk;ZØe esa crkSj eq[; vfrfFk vejh'k xkSre (fMIVh Lihdj fnYyh fo/ku lHkk) tcfd lsfeukj esa crkSj eq[; oDrk ,oa vfrfFk izks0 foosd dqekj (izksiQslj ts,u;w)] MkW- lq"kek ;kno (izks0] MkW0 vEcsMdj pS;j] fnYyh fo0fo) mifLFkr gq,A buds vykok bl lEesyu esa MkW- ds-lh-fiIiy] 'kE'k 'kguokt] eypUn] ,e-,y-vEHkksjs] izks-vkj-,l-fuxe ,oa vU; x.kekU; crkSj fof'k"B vfrfFk igqapsA lsfeukj dks lEcksf/r djrs gq, izks0 foosd dqekj us dgk fd lcls igys eS ckck lkgsc dks ,d f'k{kd ekurk gwaA vkt cMh [kq'kh dk fo"k; gS fd lc f'k{kd feydj ,d egku f'k{kd dh t;arh euk jgk gSA esjs fy, [kq'kh dh ckr ;g gS fd ,d f'k{kd gksus ds ukrs eS Hkh vkt bl t;arh dk;ZØe dk fgLlk gwqaA vkt f'k{kd fiNyXxw D;ksa

cuk gqvk gS] og ,d LoNUn ekxZnkrk D;ksa ugha cu ikrk gSA orZeku esa f'k{kd dh Hkwfedk dk cMk gh egRo gS] ;fn f'k{kd ekxZnkrk cus rksA esjk ;g ekuuk gS fd fopkjksa dks okj&okj u cksyk tk;s rk fopkj ej tkrs gSaA tSls fd xka/h dks yksx ekjuk pkgrs gSa] ijUrq ljdkj xka/h dks ejus ugha nsrhA ljdkj ckck lkgsc MkW vacsMdj dks ekjuk pkgrh gS ysfdu yksx ckck lkgsc dks ejus ugha nsaxsA Hkkjr gh ugha vfirq iwjs fo'o esa ckck lkgsc MkW vacsMdj ,d ,sls O;fDr gSa ftudh t;arh iwjs ,d vizSy ekg muds vuq;kf;;ksa ds }kjk futh [kpsZ ij eukbZ tkrh gSA esjk ;s ekuuk gS fd ckck lkgsc MkW vacsMdj dks yksx ekurs gSa ij tkurs ughaA lkspks fd ckck lkgsc dksyfEc;k u x;s gkrs] ;k fiQj dksyfEc;k ls okil u vk;s gksrsA okLro esa ;s fopkj.kh; fo"k; gSA ;fn xEHkhjrk ls bl fo"k; ij fopkj djs rks irk pyrk gS fd ckck lkgsc ds eu es ¶is cSd Vw lkslk;Vh¸ dk fopkj dkS/ka FkkA ckck lkgsc us vius yksxksa ls vkÞoku Hkh fd;k fd gessa ¶is cSd Vw lkslk;Vh¸ dh Hkkouk ftUnk j[kuh pkfg,A vFkkZr ftl lekt ls gekjk lEca/ gS] ml lekt ds fgr esa mldks vkxs

c<kus esa enn djus dh Hkkouk gekjs eu esas gksuh pkfg,A eq[; vfrfFk vejh'k xkSre us dgk fd esjk orZeku bl lanHkZ esa ;gh dguk gS fd dksbZ jk"Vª l'kDr tc rd ugha cu ldrk tc rd ehfM;k] U;k;ikfydk] dk;Zikfydk] jktuhfr] lkekftd laLFkk;as@izfr"Bku] ljdkjh ,oa izkbZosV miØeksa @laLFkkuksa esa nfyrksa] fiNMksa] vYila[;dksa dks cjkcjh dk izfrfuf/Ro ugha fey tkrkA buds vykok oDrkx.kksa us vius&vius oDrO; esa ckck lkgsc ds dkjoka dks vkxs ys tkus dh ckr dghA la;qDr vuqlwfpr tkfr@tutkfr f'k{kd eap] fnYyh ds pS;jeSu fctsUæ dqekj us dk;ZØe dh liQyrk ds fy, eap ds inkf/dkfj;ksa] f'k{kk funs'kky; foax ds inkf/dkfj;ksa ,oa mU; x.kekU; lnL;ksa o vfrfFk;ksa dk /U;okn fd;kA

cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

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cs/M+d U;wt] ebZ ] 2013

Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

50

vEcsMdj t;arh cMs /we&/ke ls eukbZ x;h m-iw-fnYyhA xksdyiqj fo/ku lHkk ds vUrxZr e.Mksyh frdksuk ikdZ] g"kZ fogkj esa LFkkuh; clik fo/k;d pkS/jh lqjsUæ dqekj us ,oa xksdyiqj ,oa xksdyiqj fo/ku lHkk ds dk;Zdrkvksa ds lg;ksx ls Hkkjr jRu] lafoèkku fuekZrk ckck lkgc Mk- Hkhejko vacsMdj dh 122 oha t;arh lekjksg dk HkO; vk;kstu fd;k x;kA bl dk;ZØe ds eq[; vfrfFk ,e,y rksej (izHkkjh] fnYyh) us dgk fd cgqtu lekt ikVhZ MkW- vacsMdj ds jkLrs ij pyrs gq, ns'k dks vkxs ys tkuk pkgrh gSA mUgksaus dgk fd MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk fe'ku ewoessaV cgu dqekjh ek;korh ds usr`Ro esa vkxs rhcz xfr ls vkxs c<+ jgk gSA ekU;oj dka'khjke th us uhyk >aMk dks ns'k dk iFk izn'kZu crk;k vkSj fiQj mÙkj izns'k gh ugh ns'k ds 'kksf"krksa oafprksa dh elhgk cgu dqekjh ek;korh us bl >aMs dks lkFk ysdj gekjs tSls yksxksa dks jk"Vª dh esa eq[; èkkjk esa tksM+us dk dke fd;kA rksej us dgk fd ge vkt ds fnu dks ladYi fnol ds :Ik esa ysrs gq, fnYyh foèkku pquko dk 'ka[kukn djrs gSA gesa iwjk fo'okl gS fd fnYyh esa vxyk pquko clik ds gkFkksa gksxk vkSj gekjh ljdkj cuus ls dksbZ jksd ugh ldrkA eq[;ea=kh 'khyk nhf{kr dkuwu O;oLFkk vius gkFk esa ugha gksus dk cgkuk cukdj iYyk >kM+ gh gSA ij tks muds gkFk esa gS ml f'k{kk] LokLF;] ihus dk ikuh] fctyh ] lM+d vkSj jkstxkj nsus ls og ihNs D;ksa gV jgh gSA fnYyh esa 60 cPpksa ds Dykl :e esa vxj Ms<+ lkS cPps i<kbZ dj jgs gSA

Hkhe tkxj.k dk vk;kstu m0iw0fnYyhA Hkhe fe=k eaMy] lcksyh ds rRoko/ku esa ije iwT; Hkkjr jRu ,oa lafo/ku fuekZrk ckck lkgc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk 122 ok¡ tUeksRlo lekjksg ,oa Hkhe tkxj.k dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k ftlesa Hkhe tkxj.k ,oa cq¼ tkxj.k xhr izLrqr fd;s x;sA bl volj bl dk;ZØe ds eq[; oDrk fo/k;d lqjsUæ dqekj us vius fopkj j[krs gq, dgk fd MkW- vEcsMdj ,d egku

rks blds fy, dkSu ftEesnkj gSA clik fo/k;d pkS/jh lqjsUæ dqekj us dgk fd 2008 ds foèkku lHkk pquko esa {ks=k dh turk us eq>s ftrkdj fnYyh fo/ku lHkk esa HkstkA eSa turk dk ;g vglku dHkh ugha Hkwy ldrkA eSus gj laHko dksf'k'kksa ls vius {ks=k dk fodkl fd;k gSA vc eS vius {ks=kckfl;ksa ls nksokjk vuqjks/ djrk gwa fd ;fn vkidks yxrk gS fd eSus vkids {ks=k dk fodkl fd;k gSA rks eq>s nksokjk ekSdk t:j nssa rkfd eS cps dk;kZs dks Hkh djk ldswA mUgksaus dgk fd eSus vc rd vius vFkd iz;klksa ls {ks=k esa yxHkx 200 djksM :i;s {ks=k fodkl dk;ksZa esa yxk;as gS ,oa vc rd yxHkx 12]000 fodykax] c`¼koLFkk ,oa fo/ok isa'ku nh tk pqdh gSA mUgksaus dgk fd eq>s bl {ks=k esa lEkL;k;as fojklr esa feyha gSaA iwoZ fo/k;dksa us bl {ks=k ds fodkl ds fy, T;knk xEHkhj iz;kl ugha fd;sA bl fy, vc rd eSus vius {ks=kckfl;ksa dh ewyHkwr leL;kvksa dks è;ku esa j[krs gq, dk;Z fd;k gSA

vc eS viuh turk ls vuqjks/ djrk gwa fd eaS vc iwjh rjg ls dk;Z dq'ky] vuqHkoh ,oa ifjiDo gks pqdk gwwaA ;fn turk eq>s ,d okj vkSj ekSdk nsrh gS rks eS ckck lkgsc ds crk;s ekxZ ij pyrs gq, ,oa cgu dq0 ek;korh ls izsj.kk ysrs gq, {ks=k dk dk;kdYi dj nwaxkA bl volj ij i/kjs yksdlHkk izHkkjh egsUæ flag] yYyu izlkn] ftyk vè;{k /u flag] efgyk inkf/dkjh lqtkrk vEHkksjs vkfn us eap ls vius fopkj j[ksA fo/k;d pkS lqjsUæ dqekj us vacsMdj t;arh lekjksg esa vk;s lHkh x.kekU; vfrfFk;kas dk 'kkWy HksaV dj ,oa ekyk iguk dj lEekfur fd;kA bl volj ij clik lkaLÑfrd lfpo 'kkD; E;wftdy xzqi us 'keka cka/ nhA ,oa Hkhe tkxj.k xhr izLrqr dj lekjksg esa mifLFkr gtkjksa yksxksa dks ea=keqX/ dj fn;kA bl vacsMdj t;arh lekjksg esa izns'k] ftyk],oa fo/ku lHkk {ks=k ds lHkh inkf/ dkfj;ksa us Hkkx fy;kA

fopkjd ,oa fo}ku euh"kh Fks] muds fopkjksa ij pyrs gq, ge viuh eafty dks vklkuh ls ik ldrs gSaA D;ksafd ckck lkgsc dh dgh ,d&,d ckr tkaph o ij[kh [kjh lksus ds leku gSA mUgksaus dgk fd vkt gesa ,d tkx:d jgrs gq, vius vf/dkjksa ds fy, la?k"kZ djuk gksxk D;ksafd ljdkj gekjs gdksa dk;ZØe dks ns[kus okys lSdMksa efgykvksa] cPpksa ,oa dks ugha nsuk pkgrh gSA bl iq:"kksa dh HkhM+ tqVh FkhA


lHkh ns'kokl;ksa dks Hkxoku xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh dh gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk,a!

le`fr&'ks"k

Lkekftd Økaafr ds vxznwr egkiq:"kksa ls izsfjr gksdj lkekftd dk;ksZa esa lnSo rRij

tkVo lekt lqèkkj lfefr (iath-) xzhu ohul ifCyd Ldwy(ekU;rk izkIr) egkcq¼k LVwMsaV ,tqds'kuy VsEiy (iath-) nh tkVo daT;wej dks&vkWijsfVo LVksj (fy-) uo T;ksfr tufgr fodkl ,lksfl,'ku (jft-) 'kkgnjk jSftMsaVl oSyQs;j ,lksfl,'ku (iath-) nh tkVo dks&vkWijsfVo xqzi gkmflax lkslk;Vh (fy-) nh tkVo dks&vkWijsfVo(vcZu)Vh-,.M-lh-lkslk;Vh(fy-) fo'kky T;ksfr lgdkjh vkokl lfefr fy- (xkft;kckn) py daVdksa ij tks eqlhcrksa dk lkeuk djs] ogh balku gksrk gS dj ifjJe tks vkSjksa dh eqf'dysa gy djs] ogh Hkxoku gksrk gS cu ^nhid* lk tks xSjksa dks jks'kudjs] tx esa uke mlh dk gksrk gS

LakLFkkid ,oa ps;jeSu

iwT;uh; ekrkth vkids lax fcrk;s gekjs thou ds vnHkwr vkSj foy{k.k vuqHkwfr ds {k.k] tks esjh thou iwath cusaxsA ftUgsa ge gj {k.k latksdj j•saxsA ;gh {k.k gesa jkg fn•k;saxsA gekjk vkRecy c<+k;saxsA gesa fuMj cuk;saxs vkSj gesa gj xyr dke djus ls jksdsaxsA iwT;uh; ekrkth Jhefr dykorh nsoh th ds vkdfLed fu/u ij laiw.kZ 'kksdkdqy ifjokj dh vJqiw.kZ J¼katfy!

jked`".k dSu ^nhid*

'kksdkdqy ifjokj

iwoZ vfr-vk;qDr fn-u-fu-

pkS0 vrj flag] pkS0 Kku flaag pkS0 Qrsg flag] (iwoZ mikè;{k] fnYyh fo/kku lHkk) pkS0 fouksn dqekj

irk%& Hkxoku cq¼k jksM ,DlVsa'ku tkSgjhiqj fnYyh&110094] Qksu ua- 011&22816181

lHkh ns'kokfl;ksa dks Hkxoku rFkkxr xkSre cq¼ dh 2557 oha t;arh dh gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk,a!

pkS-cyjkt clik fuxe ik"kZn xksdyiqj ckMZ ,oa vè;{k] leqnkf;d lsok lfefr

lHkh ns'kokfl;ksa dks dk rFkkxr Fkkxr Hkxoku xkSre cqc¼q ij dh 2557 oha t;arh ij gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk,a kdke ,a!

pkS- lqjsUæ dqekj clik foèkk;d xksdyiqj fo/kkulHkk {ks= ,oa miusrk foèkk;d ny clik fnYyh foèkku lHkk


tkxks js! bUlku txr~ esa] lE;d~ gqvk losjkA nkuork ds lEeq[k Mkyks] ekuork dk MsjkAA dwV&iQwV dh uhfr R;kxks] lerk y{; cuk yksA flld jgh gS ekuork tks] mlds izk.k cpk yksAA xkSre dk lUns'k /jk ij] nsrk u;k clsjkA tkxks js! bUlku txr~ esa] lE;d~ gqvk losjkAA HkkX;okn vkSj bZ'kokn us] rq>dks [kwc Nyk gSA lej Hkwfe esa deZokn dk] ifg;k lnk pyk gSAA bZ'k&HkkX; esa iQ¡ls jgs rks] gksxk d"V ?kusjkA tkxks js! bUlku txr~ esa] lE;d~ gqvk losjkAA lq[k&nq%[k rks thou dk lR; gS] fiQj dkgs dks jksukA djks fuokj.k cqf¼ ls] D;ksa curk ew<+ f[kykSukAA viuk nhid Lo;a cuks rks] gksxk ân; mtsjkA tkxks js! bUlku txr~ esa] lE;d~ gqvk losjkAA izKk] d:.kk] 'khy] lekf/] tkuks vkuk ikuA lgt 'kwU; igq¡p&igq¡pdj rc thou igpkukAA eu&eulk ekuq"k rqe le>ks] fiQj D;k rsjk esjkA tkxks js! bUlku txr~ esa] lE;d~ gqvk losjkAA tkxks js! tkxks js! tkxks js! tkxks] tkxks] tkxks js !!

tkxks js!

MkW-dqlqe ^fo;ksxh*@dchj dkR;k;u

bedharak news may issue-2013  

अहिंसा, नेकी और सार्वभौमिक प्रेम संबंधी भगवान बुद्ध की शिक्षाओं की अनंत प्रासंगिकता है।. उन्होने सभी लोगो से एक सौहार्दपूर्ण समाज के निर्माण...

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