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o"kZ & 04] vad&02] ekpZ] 2013 iz/ku laiknd tloar falag ^cs/M+d* mi&laiknd ch-Mh-lqtkr laiknd lg;ksxh vk'kkjke xkSre] xhrk lqeu] 'khy cksf/ jru dqekj xkSre] ljukeflag]fot; ckS¼ ys[ku ijke'kZ nkrk MkW-dqlqe fo;ksxh] MkW-foey dhfrZ Vh0ih0flag]y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj Nk;kadu jfo dqekj oekZ dkuwuh lykgdkj vkj-vkj-ckx (,MoksdsV] gkbZdksVZ) Lo.kZ flag (,MoksdsV] gkbZdksVZ) (iw0 lfpo] 'kkgnjk ckj ,slksfl,'ku) ,uhes'ku fMtkbuj@dkVwZfuLV dqekj vk;q"keku lkt&lTtk xhrk vkVZ ,.M xzkfiQDl C;wjks dk;kZy; iVuk (fcgkj) yhuk vkxjk (m-iz-) ljuke flag iQ:Z[kkckn (m-iz-) fouksn dqekj] :M+dh (mÙkjk[kaM) fodkl vk;kZ jkaph] >kj[kaM nhid dqekj fo'odekZ nkSlk] jktLFkku jkds'k dqekj oekZ

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laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.-10, ,drk xyh&01 tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob.: 9266990078, 9717580686 E-mail:bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog :bedharaknews.blogspot.com

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balkQ dks rjlrha nfyr nkfeuha laikndh;

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vkoj.k dFkk 11 xqLlk gesa viuksa ij Hkh vkrk gS D;ksafd ge dkfiQj gSa] gekjh losnuk;sa lqLqkIr voLFkk esa gSa tks ^nfyr yM+dh ds lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj* lqu ds Hkh ?kjks esa ?kqls jgrs gSa ------tkxks esjs HkkbZ;ksa ---tkxks --dksbZ ugha vk;sxk rqEgkjs fy, /juk& çn'kZu djus] dsaMy ekpZ djus vkSj u gh dksbZ lkaln rqEgkjs fy, jksus okyh gS A mBks !! viuh psruk dks Lo;a tkx`r djks!

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RNI NO. DELHIN/2010/32012 Lokeh] eqnzd] izdk'kd o laiknd tloar flag }kjk dkjs fizafVax izsl] 574 A, fot; ikdZ xyh ua 2] ekStiqj] fnYyh&53 ls eqfær ,oa 255 fdjkM+h ,DlVsa'ku ikVZ&4] fdjkM+h lqyseku uxj] fnYyh&110086 ls izdkf'krA

Ph.: 9266990078, 9717580686 E-mail : bedharaknews@gmail.com ☺izdkf'kr ys[kksa ds ys[kdksa dh jk; ls eq[; laiknd dk lger gksuk vko';d ugha gSA ☺lacafèkr okn&fookn dk fuiVkjk fnYyh U;kf;d {ks=k esa gksxkA ☺if=kdk ls lacafèkr lHkh in vLFkk;h o voSrfud gSaA


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

dksf'k'k gekjh]jk; vkidh

4

fo"ke ifjfLFkfr;kas esa Hkh if=kdk dk izdk'ku ,d ljkguh; dne cs/M+d U;wt+ if=kdk dk fu;fer ikBd gwa vkSj vkxkeh vad dh izrh{kk esa jgrk gwaA blds gj vad esa dqN u dqN u;k iu gksrk gSA gj vad csgrjhu fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA vkfFkZd vHkko esa if=kdk dks fudkyuk cgqr eqf'dy gSA fiQj Hkh blds izdk'ku ds fy, laiknd egksn; dks c/kbZ fd os bruh fo"ke ifjfLFkfr esa bls fudkyus ds fy, viuh vewY; thou [kik jgs gSa og Hkh fcuk fdlh ykHk dsA vkt ds le; esa ,sls yksxksa dh deh gSA ge ikBdksa ls vihy djrs gS fd if=kdk ds vkfFkZd lg;ksx ds fy, dqN djsa rkfd nfyr ehfM;k dk liuk iwjk gks lds vkSj csgrj if=kdk i<+us ds fy, fey ldsA ukud pUn]xkft;kckn

vEcsMdj ds fe'ku ewoesaV tu&tu rd i¡gqps

ije iwT; cksf/ lRo ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj th ds fe'ku ls lEcf/r muds O;fDrRo] ÑÙko ,oa /kfeZd] lkekftd jktuSfrd o nfyr] 'kksf"kr o loZgkjk lekt ds ?kj&?kj rd i¡gqpk jgk gSA ek- tloUr flag cs/M+d th dk ;g vFkd iz;kl vkSj vECksMdj lekt ds izfr lefiZr lsok Hkko vrqyuh; gSaA eSa muds lrr dk;Z ds fy, g`n; ls lk/qokn nsrk gw¡A

Hkorq lCc eaxye~ eukst dqekj] ockuk] ubZ fnYyhA cs/M+d U;wt [kcjksa dk lewpk HkaMkj cs/M+d@csckd fVIif.k;ksa o ys[k vkids lq>ko ds bartkj eas laiknd ^cs/M+d U;wt+*

laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.10, ,drk xyh ua0&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob. : 9266990078 , 9717580686

E-mail: bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog : bedharaknews.blogspot.com

[kkl fpV~Bh vf[kys'k ;kno eq[;ea=kh] m0iz0 dks [kqyk i=k

vkokl lfefr;k¡ dc rd eq¡g rkdrh jgsa mÙkj izns'k ljdkj tokc nsA vufxur lfefr;k¡ mÙkj izns'k vkokl ,oa fodkl ifj"kn }kjk 1997 ls iathÑr dh tk jgh gSa blls igys tks lfefr;k¡ Fkh mudks ofj"Brk ds vk/kj ij Hkwfe vkoafVr dh xbZA ;g vkokl ,oa fodkl ifj"kn ds dk;kZy; esa fjdkMZ miyC/ gSA ftlesa fo'kky T;ksfr lgdkjh vkokl lfefr Hkh tuojh 1999 esa vkokl fodkl ifj"kn }kjk iathÑr dh xbZA gekjs lnL; mÙkj izns'k ljdkj dh rjiQ eq¡g rkd jgs gSa fd mUgsa tehu feys rks os mÙkj izns'k dh Hkwfe ij ÝySV cukdj vius lnL;ksa dks vkoafVr djsA ijUrq 1999 ls i=k O;ogkj yxkrkj tkjh gS fiQj Hkh mUgas lUrks"ktud mÙkj ugha fn;k tk jgk gSA vke lHkk dh lgefr ls igys Hkh lekpkj i=kksa esa Kkiu ns pqds gSa ijUrq gekjs Kkiu dk vkt rd dksbZ mÙkj ugha fn;kA blfy, ge iqu% lekpkj i=kksa ds ekè;e ls mÙkj izns'k ljdkj dks txkuk pkgrs gSa fd ofj"Brk ds vk/kj ij Hkwfe vkoafVr dh tk;sA tSalk fd igys fd;k x;k gSA ljdkj ds vuqlkj u;k dkuwu&2007 iqjkuh lfefr ij ykxw ugha gksrkA ;g lfefr;ksa ds lkFk dqBkjk?kkr gS muds lkFk f[kyokM+ fd;k tk jgk gSA lHkh lfefr;ka vkokl ,oa fodkl ifj"kn ds fu;eksa dk ikyu dj jgha gSa tSls vkWfMV djkuk] pquko djkuk] vke lHkk cqykuk rFkk vko Hkxr djuk] ehfVax ds fy, y[kumQ tkuk vkfnA bleas gqvk [kpkZ lfefr dk gh gksrk gSA vc rd gekjh lfefr us 13 o"kks± esa yxHkx 13 yk[k :i;s dk [kpkZ lfefr ds ekè;e ls fd;k gS tSlk fd vkWfMV fjiksVZ crkrh gSA fjikVZ ds vuqlkj lfefr dks gkfu gks jgh gSA vkokl ,oa fodkl ifj"kn us dsoy fn[kkok fd;k gS fd 2007 esa lfefr;ksa dks Hkwfe uhykeh ls nh tk;sxh ;g dsoy lfefr;ksa ds lkFk /ks[kk gSA tgk¡ fcYMj dk tekuk gks ogk¡ NksVh lfefr;ksa dks Hkwfe uhykeh eas fey ugha ldrh] ;g ,d fopkj.kh; ckr gSA bl ij mÙkj izns'k ljdkj Ñik è;ku nsA 1999 esa iathÑr lHkh lfefr;ksa dks ofj"Brk ds vk/kj ij Hkwfe vkoafVr dh xbZ Fkh vkSj vc dkuwu u;k dkuwu cukuk lfefr;ksa ds lkFk vU;k; gSA ;g fo"k; xkSj djus ;ksX; gSA tc vkokl ,oa fodkl ifj"kn Hkwfe vkoafVr ugha dj ldrh rks dysDVj ds vkns'kksa dks yxkdj D;ksa pquko bR;kfn ds fy, ckè; fd;k tkrk gSA bl ij Hkh xkSj fd;k tk;s fd gekjh lfefr us :- 50-000@ fnukad ekpZ 1999 dks mÙkj izns'k ljdkj dks tek fd;k gqvk gSA gekjh lfefr dks fnu izfrfnu gkfu gks jgh gS lnL; viuk iSalk okfil ekax jgs gSa ;g crk;k tk;s fd mu lnL;ksa dks dgk¡ ls mudk iSlk okfil fd;k tk;sA lkjk iSlk rks vkWfMV] pquko] ;krkr;kr] Hkko lsok esa yx x;k gS rks lnL;ksa dks mudh jkf'k dSls okfil dh tk;sA ;fn lfefr dks Hkwfe vkoafVr gksrh gS rks lnL;ksa dks lfefr ds lkFk dqN lgkuqHkwfr gks ldrh gSA lfefr }kjk yxk;h x;ha le;&le; vkj-Vh-vkbZ- dk Hkh mÙkj vkokl ,oa fodkl ifj"kn ds }kjk ugha fn;k tkrk gSA bldk dkSu ftEesnkj gSA D;k vkjVh-vkbZ-dk mÙkj nsuk mfpr ugha gSA tc mÙkj izns'k vkokl ,oa fodkl ifj"kn lfefr dks Hkwfe vkoafVr gh ugha dj ldrh rks bl dk D;k ykHk gSA ;g fu.kZ; vke lHkk dh ehfVax fnukad 09-06-2012 esa fy;k x;k gSA mÙkj izns'k ljdkj bl fo"k; ij è;ku ns vkSj lfefr;ksa dks Hkwfe ofj"Brk ds vk/kj ij vkoafVr djk;s tks fd 'kklu dk drZO; curk gSA lfefr;ksa dh dfBukb;ksa ij vo'; è;ku nsa vU;Fkk lfefr;ksa dks iathÑr djkus dk D;k ykHkA jkeÑ".k dSu] lfpo fo'kky T;ksfr lgdkjh vkokl lfefr fyfeVsM (xkft;kckn)


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laikndh;

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Fkk fd os vKkurko'k ewd i'kqvksa dh rjg iq:"kksa ds lHkh vR;kpkj lgu djrh jgsaA Hkkjrh; ukjh lekt dks bl n;uh; fLFkfr ls mckjus ds fy, lerk] Lora=krk ,oa U;k; ds iz.ksrk egkeuh"kh MkW- vEcsMdj (Hkkjrh; ukjh ds) mºkjd ds :i esa lkeus vk, vkSj ukjh esa psruk txkus gsrq vktohu la?k"kZ djrs jgsA fdlh Hkh lekt dh mUufr dk ukjh mUufr dks ekin.M ekuus okys MkW- vEcsMdj us cEcbZ dh efgyk lHkk dks lEcksf/kr djrs gq, dgk Fkk&ukjh jk"V™ dh fuekZ=h gSA jk"V™ dk gj ukxfjd mldh xksn esa iydj vkrk gSA ukjh dks tkx`r fd, fcuk jk"V™ dk fodkl dSls gks ldrk gSA mUgksaus ukjh dks lkQ lqFkjk jgus] cqjkbZ ls nwj jgus_ f'kf{kr cuus vkSj lekt dh mUufr esa Hkkxhnkjh cukus dk vkgoku fd;kA ukjh f'k{kk dk egŸo izfrikfnr djrs gq, MkW- vEcsMdj us dgk Fkk& f'k{kk 'ksjuh dk nw/k gSA f'k{kk ds fcuk thou O;FkZ gSA dqN lkspus] le>us o fparu djus dh rkdr f'k{kk ls gh laHko gSA ukxiqj esa efgykvksa ds lEesyu dks lEcksf/kr djrs gq, mUgksaus le>k;k Fkk&fookg ,d nkf;Ro gSA bls cks> u le>ksA cPpksa ds fookg esa tYnh u djks] mUgsa f'kf{kr cuk,a] vius ikaoksa ij [kM+s gksus nsaA bl nkf;Ro dks rc rd vius cPpksa ij u yknsa] tc rd fd os fookg ds nkf;Roksa dks fuHkkus ds fy, ekufld ,oa vkfFkZd :i ls l{ke u gks tk,aA ;g ckr Hkh Ë;ku esa j[ksa fd vf/kd cPpksa dks tUe nsuk vijk/k gSA gj yM+dh tks fookg djs mls gj {ks= esa vius ifr ds dk;ks± esa] ifjokj dh mUufr esa lg;ksxh cuus dh f'k{kk nsaA nklh cuus dh ughaA eq>s fo'okl gS fd vki bl f'k{kk dks viuk dj ;'k ,oa xkSjo vftZr djsaxhA lekt dh mUufr esa lgHkkxh cusaxhA ckck lkgsc MkW]Hkhejko vEcsM+dj th us Lo;a dgk gS fd ^^eS fdlh lekt dh izxfr dk vuqeku ;g ns[kdj yxkrk gwa fd ml lekt dh efgykvksa us fdruh izxfr dh gSA** ekU;oj dka'khjke us ckck lkgsc MkW-vEcsMdj dh mi;qZDr ;qfDr dks Ë;ku esa j[krs gq,] mRrj izns'k esa ,d nfyr dh csVh ekuuh; dq0 ek;korh dks mŸkj izns'k dh pkj&pkj ckj eq[;ea=h cuus dk ekSdk fn;k gSA izrhdkRed gh lgh] czk„.kokn ds fdys esa ?kqldj dka'khjke th us nfyr lŸkk dh irkdk Qgjk nhA dka'khjke th ,d ,sls niZ.k Fks] ftlesa xq: jfonkl dh Nfo lkQ >ydrh gSa dka'kh dks czk„.kokn dh jkt/kkuh ekuk tkrk gSA czk„.kokn dh bl uxjh esa vkt ls ik°p lkS o"kZ igys xq: jfonkl us ogh deky dj fn[kk;k] tks dka'khjke th us mŸkj izns'k esa fd;kA iaÊgoha lnh ds eË; dh og ?kVuk nfyr bfrgkl esa ehy dk iRFkj cu xbZ gSA bfrgkl ds ml nkSj esa tc nfyrksa dh ijNkbZ ek= ls czk„.k vifo= gks tkrs FksA xq: jfonkl us Js"Bre czk„.kksa dks iSjksa ij 'kh'k >qdkus ds fy, foo'k dj fn;k ik°p lkS o"kZ ckn] dk'kh ds reke czk„.k jktuhfrd dka'khjke ds iSj Nw ysus ds fy, ykykf;r gks tk;k djrs FksA nfyrksa dks laxfBr dj dka'khjke us czk„.kksa dh 'kqºre ikVhZ Hkktik dks Hkh clik dk pj.k Nw ysus ds fy, foo'k dj fn;k FkkA tks dfj'ek dHkh xq: jfonkl us dj fn[kk;k Fkk] mlh dh iqujko`fŸk dka'khjke th us ikap lkS o"kZ ckn dj fn[kkbZA vkt ls ipkl o"kZ iwoZ ckck lkgsc MkW- vacsMdj fganw /keZ R;kx dj ckSº cu x, Fks_ djksM+ksa nfyrksa us mudk vuqdj.k fd;kA ij] MkW- vEcsMdj /kekZrj.k ek= ls gh larq"V ugha FksA os jktlŸkk esa nfyrksa dh fgLlsnkjh Hkh pkgrs gSaA bl mÌs'; dh iwfrZ gsrq vEcsMdj us fjifCydu ikVhZ cukus dh Bku yhA ikVhZ dk esfuQsLVks Hkh cuk fy;k rFkk mldk lkaxBfud <kapk HkhA ij fnlEcj N% vk x;k rFkk lŸkk esa fgLlsnkjh dk ckck lkgsc dk liuk v/wkjk jg x;kA izrhdkRed gh lgh] lqJh ek;korh dks mŸkj izns'k dk pkj ckj eq[;ea=kh cuok dj dka'khjke th us vEcsMdj dh og bPNk Hkh iwjh dj nhA bl n`f"V ls dka'khjke th og niZ.k Fks] ftlesa MkW- vEcsMdj dh Hkh Nfo ns[kh tk ldrh gSA bl n`f"V ls ns[ksa rks dka'khjke th us ^etcwj ljdkj* dk flºkar nsdj yksdra= dks Hkh ejus ls cpk fy;kA vkt nfyr lekt ds izfr lEeku ns[kus dks feyrk gS] mldh rkdr dk lkoZtfud izn'kZu gqvk gS vkSj blls funZ;h lekt dk vge pwj&pwj gqvk gSA [kqn uaxs ikao pydj ,d balku us ,d ,slh ikVhZ dk xBu dj Mkyk] ftls n'kd Hkj Hkhrj gh jk"V™h; ny dh ekU;rk fey xbZA jktuhfr esa ftu vkn'kks± dks dka'khjke th us LFkkfir fd;kA mlls Hkkjrh; yksdra= dks mEehn dh ,d jks'kuh feyrh gSaA dka'khjke th us nfyrksa dh gh ugha cfYd Hkkjrh; yksdra= dh Hkh vewY; lsok dhA ,d fouez jk"V™ dh ftEesnkjh curh gS fd og dka'khjke th dks ej.kksijkar Hkkjr jRu dh mikf/k ls uoktsA dka'khjke th ds izfr ;g gekjh NksVh&lh Jºkatfy gksxhA E-mail us: wwwjaswantsingh@gmail.com

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

cs/M+d dye ls-----

5


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

fl;klr

6

lo.kks± us vius fgr ds eqrkfcd lnkpkj vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj r; fd;kA

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mfnr jkt

tc nfyr&fiNM+k dksbZ dke djrk gS rks mls [kjkc utjksa ls ns[kk tkrk gSA dk;ks± dk ekinaM lo.kks± us gh cuk;k gSA tks ekU;rk,a] /a/s o dke lo.kks± ds fgr lk/ rs gSa] mUgsa Js"B vkSj lEekutud crk;k x;k vkSj tks dk;Z mudh {kerk ls ckgj Fks] mUgsa /eZ fojks/h Bgjk fn;k x;kA vkt rd ;g lksp dk;e gSA igys u`R;] laxhr] xk;u] ukVd vkSj fp=kys vkfn ij nfyrksa vkSj fiNM+ksa dk opZLo gqvk djrk FkkA lo.kZ bu dykvksa dks ?k`.kk dh n`f"V ls ns[krs FksA os buls tqM+s dykdkjksa dks upfu;k] xoS;k] HkkaM] <ksyckt] uV vkfn dgdj viekfur djrs FksA dykdkjksa dks fHk[kkfj;ksa dk ntkZ fn;k x;k] ysfdu 'kgjh lH;rk fodflr gksus ds dkj.k budk Hkh lo.khZdj.k gqvkA lo.kks± us bUgsa viuh ekSfyd dyk crkdj iwjs fo'o esa okgokgh ywVhA vc bu dykvksa dks fl[kkus ds fy, cM+s&cM+s 'kgjksa esa laLFkku] lkaLÑfrd dsaæ] dyk eaMy vkSj vdkneh LFkkfir gks x, gSa] ftu ij lo.kks± dk dCtk gks x;k gSA 'kwæ nsonkfl;ksa dks rks vkt Hkh uiQjr ls ns[kk tkrk gS ysfdu lpkbZ ;g gS fd mUgksaus gh u`R; vkSj laxhr dks cpk;kA le; us djoV yh vkSj fiQYeksa ds tfj, ;s dyk,a yksdfiz; gks xbZA ,d le; esa nfyr vkfnoklh xkao ds [kqyh pkSiky esa ukpk&xk;k djrs FksA ml le; mUgsa gs; le>k tkrk Fkk ysfdu vkt mlh dyk ij Vhoh ij jk"Vª; izfr;ksfxrk gks jgh gSA vktknh ds ckn yxHkx rhu n'kdksa rd nfyrksa ,oa fiNM+ksa dh Hkkxhnkjh jktuhfr esa ugha ds cjkcj jghA ;fn vkj{k.k dh otg ls yksx pqudj vk, Hkh rks muesa ls T;knkrj xwaxs&cgjs dh Hkwfedk fuHkkrs jgsA igys jktuhfr lcls vPNk {ks=k ekuk tkrk FkkA Ldwy eas vè;kid cPpksa ls iwNrs Fks fd cM+s

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lo.kks± ds Hkz"Vkpkj idM+ esa ugha vkrs D;ksafd mUgsa reke rjhds ekywe gSaA ts,e,e ?kwl dkaM esa tks nfyr&vkfnoklh lekt ds lkaln Fks] mUgsa Hkz"Vkpkj djuk ugha vkrk Fkk vkSj tks uxn iSlk mUgsa feyk mls lh/ s mUgksaus cSad esa tek dj fn;k vkSj idM+ fy, x,A pkykd yksx gtkjksa djksM+ fj'or ysdj Hkh idM+ eas ugha vkrsA gksdj D;k cuksxs] rks mUgsa fl[kkrs Fks fd dgks usg: pkpk cusaxsA le; ds vuqlkj ifjfLFkfr cnyh gS vkSj T;knkrj izkarksa esa tc lÙkk fiNM+ksa ds gkFk esa vkbZ gS rks vc jktuhfr dks gh xank dgk tk jgk gSA ljdkjh ukSdfj;ksa esa vkj{k.k dh otg ls nfyrksa ,oa fiNM+ksa dh Hkkxhnkjh c<+h gS rks lkjk ljdkjh dk;dkt gh Hkz"V vkSj fudEek fn[kus yxk gSA gj rjiQ ls vkokt mBrh gS fd ljdkjh foHkkx Hkz"V vkSj fudEes gks x, gSa vkSj fut+hdj.k gh ,d mik; gSA futhdj.k gksus ls lo.kks± dk ncnck fiQj ls gks tk,xkA f'k{kk dk futhdj.k gqvk ftlesa vkf/iR; lo.kks± dk gSA vkt ;g {ks=k ykHk dekus esa lcls vkxs gks x;k gS ysfdu D;kas ugha bls cnuke fd;k tkrk\ vktknh ds igys tc lo.kks± us gh ljdkjh ukSdfj;ksa esa vkf/iR; tek;k rks mUgsa xíkj D;ksa ugha dgk x;k\ vktknh ds ckn ns'k dk 'kklu&iz'kklu lo.kks± ds gh

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gkFk jgk gS rks bl rjiQ ls lkekftd] jktuhfrd ,oa vkfFkZd cqfu;kn dh uhao mUgksaus /ks MkyhA Hkz"Vkpkj dqN eghuksa esa gh tUe ugha ysrk gSA bls tM+ tekus essa dksbZ o"kZ yxrs gSA fu%lansg vkt vkfFkZd Hkz"Vkpkj c<+ x;k gS ysfdu blds fy, vkt ds jktusrk ,oa ukSdj'kkg mrus ftEesnkj ugha gSa ftrus fd 'kq:vkrh nkSj okysA tSlh cqfu;kn gksrh gS oSls gh ?kj dh nhokjsa vkSj Nr rS;kj gksrh gSa vkSj ;g le>uk dksbZ eqf'dy dk dke ugha gSA lekt'kkL=kh vk'kh"k uanh us ;gh ckr dghA mUgkasus dgk fd vc nfyr] fiNM+s vkSj vkfnoklh T;knk Hkz"V gks jgs gSaA mUgksaus ;g ugha dgk fd Hkz"Vkpkj dh cqfu;kn nfyrksa&fiNM+ksa us Mkyh gS lc iwfN, rks lo.kks± ds eqdkcys vkt Hkh ;s Hkz"Vkpkj eas cgqr ihNs gSaA fiNys o"kZ 17 Hkkjrh;ksa ds uacj nks ds [kkrs fons'k esa feys vkSj ljdkj us budk [kqyklk fd;kA ysfdu muesa ls ,d Hkh


fl;klr

ge rks gj gky esa gksrs gSa cnuke vk'kh"k uanh ,d lekt 'kkL=kh gSa vkSj mudh bl lksp dh pqukSrh dks ge Lohdkj djrs gSa vkSj cgl djus ds fy, rS;kj gSa fd dkSu lk oxZ T;knk Hkz"Vkpkj djrk gS\ os vHkh rd nfyr ,oa fiNM+ksa ds fgrS"kh gksus dk eq[kkSVk yxk, gq, Fks vkSj og vc mrj x;k gSA ftl rjg ls fuHkZ;k ds lkFk cykRdkj vkSj gR;k ij ns'k esa yach cgl pyh mlh rjg ls bl eqÌs ij Hkh cgl pykus dh nkor nsrk gwaA ,d o"kZ igys 17 yksxksa ds teZuh esa cSad [kkrs idM+s x, vkSj bldk ljdkj us [kqyklk fd;k Fkk] mlesa ls ,d Hkh nfyr ,oa fiNM+k ugha FkkA gtkjksa yksxksa ds [kkrs fons'kksa esa gSa vkSj mlesa fdlh nfyr dk rks gksxk gh ugha] fiNM+s dk Hkh ugha gksuk pkfg,] vxj gqvk rks vioknLo:i gksxkA dksy vkcaVu esa ,d Hkh nfyr 'kkfey ugha gSA yxHkx 70 gtkj djksM+ dk ?kksVkyk dkWeu osYFk xsEl esa gqvk] mlesa ,d Hkh nfyr 'kkfey ugha gSA dkosjh xSl ds ekeys esa 40 gtkj djksM+ ls T;knk dh ywV gS] og fdlh nfyr ds }kjk rks ugha fd;k x;kA ns'k ds 'kklu&Á'kklu esa vktknh ds ckn ls lo.kZ gh yxHkx gj txg ij jgs gSa] rks cqfu;kn bUgha ds }kjk Mkyh x;hA Hkz"Vkpkj dksbZ ,d fnu esa iSnk ugha gks tkrk cfYd lkyksa ds ckn tM+ tek ikrk gSA vc le>uk eqf'dy ugha gS fd Hkz"Vkpkj dh tM+ esa dkSu yksx Fks\ fuf'pr rkSj ls nfyr rks ugha FksA ,d ckj tc Hkz"Vkpkj dh tM+ te tk, rks mlesa lHkh oxZ fo'ks"k ds yksx 'kkfey gks ldrs gSa] ysfdu lcls T;knk egŸoiw.kZ ;g gS fd cqfu;kn Mkyus okys dkSu Fks\ rsyxh dksbZ nfyr ugha Fkk] ftlus dbZ gtkj djksM+ dk ?kksVkyk fd;k vkSj blh rjg ls gj'kn esgrk HkhA gekjk lekt O;fŸkQoknh ,oa tkfroknh gS] blfy, ge lekt vkSj ns'k ds ckjs esa var esa lksprs gSa vkSj vius ckjs esa igysA bl ij Hkh cgl gks tk, fd tkfroknh lekt cukus dk dk;Z fdlus fd;k\ vUuk gtkjs us vkfFkZd Hkz"Vkpkj feVkus dh yM+kbZ rks yM+h ysfdu lky Hkj ckn tc loZs fd;k x;k rks irk yxk fd Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj c<+ x;k gSA MkW0 mfnr jkt us muls iwNk fd lky Hkj ls T;knk muds vkanksyu dks chr x;kA mlds ckn loZs esa irk yxk fd Hkz"Vkpkj c<+k gh gS] rks mUgksaus tokc esa dgk fd Hkz"Vkpkj feVkus ds fy, xkao rd tkuk gksxkA MkW0 mfnr jkt us dgk fd ,d xkao dks lq/kjus esa vkidk iwjk thou yx x;k vkSj ns'k esa N% yk[k ls T;knk xkao gSa] rks fdrus lkS lky yxsxsa\ tkfgj lh ckr gS fd muds ikl mŸkj ugha FkkA vk'kh"k uanh okLro esa fdrkch Kku okys O;fŸkQ gSa vkSj vlyh lekt'kkL=kh ugha ojuk mUgsa Hkz"Vkpkj dh tM+ ij vFkkZr~ lksp ij geyk djuk pkfg, FkkA tc O;fŸkQ ekufld :i ls csbZeku gksrk gS rHkh vkfFkZd Hkz"Vkpkj Hkh djrk gSA gekjh lkjh lkekftd O;oLFkk gh ekufld csbZekuh dh nsu gSA MkW0 mfnr jkt us dgk fd ns'k esa bl ij cgl pykuk dgha T;knk t:jh gS fd dkSu Hkz"V T;knk gS\ tc cgl fNM+ x;h gS rks bls vafre urhts ij igqapkuk pkfg, fd dkSu T;knk Hkz"V gS\ dqN nfyr vkSj fiNM+s NksVs&eksVs Hkz"Vkpkj djrs gSa] ysfdu idM+ esa tYnh vk tkrs gSa] D;ksafd os djuk ugha tkursA ofj"B i=kdkj vk'kqrks"k us Hkh ,slk gh dgkA bl ns'k ds T;knkrj cqfºthoh ,d rjiQ ekufld :i ls csbZeku gSa vkSj nwljh rjiQ ns'k dh lPpkbZ dks le>us esa ukdke gSaA ;gh dkj.k gS fd gekjs ;gka ds cqfºthoh oxZ dh ys uh] lksp ,oa 'kks/ dh otg ls lekt ugha cny ik;k cfYd tc lekt cnyk rc tkdj mUgsa gks'k vkrk gSA ;s fdrkch dhM+s T;knk gSa vkSj ukuk Ádkj ds yksHk&ykyp] tSls & iqjLdkj] lEeku] in] Qsykf'ki vkfn ds pDdj esa T;knk jgrs gSaA ;g dguk fd Hkz"Vkpkj dh tkfr ugha gksrh] lgh ugha gSA tkfr O;oLFkk gh vius vki esa vlR; vkSj >wB gSA vk'kh"k uanh dh fVIi.kh ij ;fn cgl pyrh gS rks blls Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ yM+us esa lg;ksx feysxkA gJ bldk gksxkA vc lsuk esa Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj cgqr c<+ x;k gS ysfdu yksxksa dks fn[krk ugha gSaA ehfM;k vHkh Hkh ifo=k xk; ekuh tkrh gSA ogka dk Hkz"Vkpkj yksxksa dks ugha fn[kkbZ nsrk vkSj ,slk blfy, gS fd mlesa nfyr&vkfnoklh dh Hkkxhnkjh 'kwU; gSA ftl

fnu /kfeZd izfr"Bkuksa esa budh Hkkxhnkjh gks xbZ rks ml fnu ogka Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj fn[kus yxsxkA tgka fd vkLFkk ds uke ij lc dqN gks jgk gSA (ys[kd bafM;u tfLVl ikVhZ ds jk"Vªh; vè;{k gSa)

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

nfyr&vkfnoklh ugha gSaA yk[kksa djksM+ dk dkyk /u ckgj tek gqvk gSA ;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd nfyr&vkfnoklh rks mlesa 'kkfey gh ugha gksaxs gks ldrk gS fd dqN fiNM+sa gksa] ysfdu ftruh cM+h mudh vkcknh gS mlds vuqikr eas mudh la[;k ux.; gh gksxhA ;g Hkh nsu mlh Hkz"Vkpkj laLÑfr dh gS ftUgksaus bldks iuik;kA vk'kh"k uanh us ;g Hkh dgk fd Hkz"Vkpkj ds rjhds vyx&vyx gSaA fliQkfj'k ls dksbZ O;fDr vius vkSykn dk nkf[kyk gkoZMZ fo'ofo|ky;] vesfjdk esa djk nsrk gS rks mls Hkz"Vkpkj ugha ekuk tkrkA lo.kks± ds Hkz"Vkpkj idM+ esa ugha vkrs D;ksafd mUgsa reke rjhds ekywe gSaA ts,e,e ?kwl dkaM esa tks nfyr&vkfnoklh lekt ds lkaln Fks] mUgsa Hkz"Vkpkj djuk ugha vkrk Fkk vkSj tks uxn iSlk mUgsa feyk mls lh/s mUgksaus cSad esa tek dj fn;k vkSj idM+ fy, x,A pkykd yksx gtkjksa djksM+ fj'or ysdj Hkh idM+ eas ugha vkrsA dkosjh xSl esa 44000 djksM+ :i, dk ?kksVkyk gSA dksbZ ml ij maxyh ugha mBk jgk gSA dkWeuosYFk xsEl ;k dksy vkoaVu ?kksVkys eas nfyr&vkfnoklh rks ugha 'kkfey gSa fiQj Hkh bUgha dks T;knk Hkz"V dgk tk jgk gSA vk'kh"k uanh ds c;ku dks ,d vaolkj ds :i esa Hkh fy;k tk ldrk gS fd tSls fnYyh xSaxjsi ij ns'k esa cgl pyh mlh rjg ls vc cgl pys fd dkSu lh tkfr T;knk Hkz"V gS rks vlfy;r lkeus vk vk,xhA tc Fkkus dh nykyh fuEu oxZ ds yksx djrs gSa rks ,d cM+h ppkZ gks tkrh gS fd ;s yksx nyky vkSj Hkz"V gSa vkSj tc ogh dke lo.kZ djsa rks ekuk tkrk gS fd mudh igqap yach gS vkSj mlh dh otg ls jkgr feyhA Hkz"Vkpkj ds vyx&vyx ;s iSekus D;ksa gS mldks le>us ds fy, lekt dh ekufldrk dks tkuuk gksxkA ftu {ks=kksa esa nfyr&vkfnoklh ,oa fiNM+s ugha gSa mUgsa vHkh Hkh ifo=k xk; ekuk tkrk gSaA lcls T;knk Hkz"Vkpkj bl le; dgha gS rks og gS dkWjiksjsV gkmlst esa] ysfdu og yksxksa dh utjksa esa ugha vkrk D;ksafd mlesa fuEu tkfr;ksa dh Hkkxhnkjh ugha gSaA gkbZ tqfM'kjh ds djI'ku dks dkSu ugha tkurk ysfdu muesa cgqr gh de Hkz"Vkpkj ds vkjksi yxrs gSaA ftl fnu mlesa nfyrksa] vkfnokfl;ksa dh Hkkxhnkjh gksrh rks ftl rjg ls ukSdj'kkgh vkSj jktuhfr cnuke gqbZ gS ogh

7


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

jkT;ukek (mRrj izns'k)

8

vf•ys'k ljdkj dk ,d lky% gj eghus rhu nax]s jkst ,d cykRdkaj vkSj rhu eMZj

vf•ys'k ljdkj cuke taxyjkt tks taxyjkt bu fnuksa ,d lky ds vf•ys'k jkt dh lcls cM+h igpku cuk gqvk gS] mlds vans'ks çns'kokfl;ksa dks fo/kulHkk pquko ds urhts vkus ds rqjar ckn gh lrkus yxs Fks] D;ksafd lik dk;ZdrkZ lÙkk dh inpki lqurs gh miæoh gks mBs FksA blhfy, 15 ekpZ 2012 dks 'kiFk ysrs le; vf•ys'k us yksxksa dks ;g dg dj mUgsa vk'o Lr fd;k Fkk fd] ^vc rd tks gqvk] lks gqvk] vkt ls çns'k dh dkuwu&O;oLFkk dh ftEesnkjh esjhA* ij mUgsa eqag fp<+krs gq, gqM+nafx;ksa us FkksM+h gh nsj ckn og eap rksM+ Mkyk] ftl ij 'kiFk&xzg.k gqvk FkkA gkykafd ml oÙkQn vf•?ys'k ;kno us gqM+nfa x?;ksa dks lik ls fu?dky ckgj fd?;k] ij ogha ls vf•?ys'k ljdkj dk Hkfo?";h yksxksa dks lkiQ fn?•kbZ nsus yxkA vc] tcfd ,d lky iwjs gks x, gSa] eap ls fu?dyk gqM+nax C;wdjksØslh ls ysdj jktuhfr esa gkoh gSA çLrfqr gS vf•ys'k ljdkj dk ,d lky dk ys•k tks•k&

@

fouksn dqekj

jktuhfr vkSj C;wkjksØslh ;wih esa viQlj'kkgh dh vxj fLFkfr le>uh gS rks fiNys ,d lky esa lik eqf•;k eqyk;e flag ;kno ds c;ku ij gh xkSj dj yhft,A vkerkSj ij mUgksaeus dbZ ckj lh,e vf•ys'k dks lkoZtfud rkSj ij fgnk;r nh fd viQlj {ks=k ds usrkvksa dh ugha lqursA buds f•ykiQ dM+h dkjZokbZ dhft,A ;gh ugha ikVhZ ds ofj"Bj usrk eksgEean vkte •ka rks viQlj'kkgh ij MaMk pykus dh ckr dg pqds gSa og vyx ckr gS fd ckn esa eqdj x,A •qn lh,e vf•ys'k Hkh viQljksa ls ijs'kku fn•rs gSa] og yxkrkj mUgsa viuh lk• lq/kjus dh fgnk;r nsrs jgrs gSaA ysfdu rLohnj dk nwljk igyw ;s gS fd blh ;wih ljdkj ds çeq• lfpo ls ysdj Mh,e rd ;k rks lhchvkbZ tkap esa iQals gSa ;k fdlh

?kksVkys esa 'kkfey gSaA lky chr x;k ysfdu vf•ys'k ljdkj us bu ij 'kk;n dHkh ^xkSj* ugha fd;kA oSls vf•ys'k ljdkj }kjk ihlh,l vkSj ihih,l viQljksa ds çeks'ku nsus ls bl le; C;w jksØslh dkiQh etcwr gksrh fn•kbZ ns jgh gSA ysfdu igys viQljksa dh deh ls tw> jgh ljdkj ds fy, vc u;k ladV •M+k gksrk fn• jgk gS] og gS ^fdl* viQlj dks ^fdl* in ij fcBk;k tk,A ;gh dkj.k gS fd dHkh Mhthih eq[;khy; esa nks ntZu vkbZih,l vVSp dj fn, tkrs gSa rks dHkh fdlh foHkkx esa in ls T;khnk viQlj rSukr dj fn, tkrs gSA uks,Mk IykWV vkoaVu ?kksVkys esa iwoZ eq[; lfpo uhjk ;kno ds lkFk rhu lky dh dSn dh ltk ikus okys vkbZ,,l jktho dqekj tekur ij ckgj vk x,A xkSjryc gS fd uks,Mk IykiV vkoaVu ?kksVkyk eqyk;e ljdkj ds gh dk;Zdky esa gqvk FkkA ltk gksus ds ckn vf•ys'k ljdkj us mUgsa çeq• lfpo fu;qfÙkQ ,oa dkfeZd in ls gVk;k t:j ysfdu tSls gh og tekur ysdj ykSVs] mUgsao nksckjk mlh in ij vklhu djk fn;kA lhfu;j vkbZ,,l lnkdkar bl le; lekt dY;k.k foHkkx ds vk;qÙkQk gSaA nks lky igys og dsaæh; çfrfu;qfÙkQ ij x`g ea=kky; esa TokbaV lsØsVjh in ij dk;Zjr FksA ml nkSjku ysg&yík• esa 200 djksM+ #i, dk ?kksVkyk mtkxj gqvkA lhchvkbZ us 2010 esa ekeys esa ,iQvkbZvkj ntZ dh vkSj mlesa

lnkdkar dks Hkh vkjksih cuk;kA vkf•jdkj dsaæ ljdkj us lnkdkar dh çfrfu;qfÙkQ jn djds mUgsa okil ;wih dSMj esa Hkst fn;kA ;wih ykSVs lnkdkar rks mUgsar lekt dY;ku.k foHkkx tSls vge foHkkx dh ftEesHknkjh ns nh xbZA mÙkj çns'k dh vk; esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku nsus okys vkcdkjh vk;qÙkQj in ij rSukr egs'k xqIrk dk uke 1998 esa lwpuk foHkkx esa deZpkfj;ksa dh HkrhZ esa gq, ?kksVkys esa mtkxj gqvkA lhchvkbZ us ekeys dh tkap ds nkSjku 2008 esa gh egs'k xqIrk lfgr vU; vf/dkfj;ksa ds f•ykiQ pktZ'khV nkf•y dhA ek;kjkt esa fookfnr vkcdkjh uhfr cukus esa egs'k xqIrk dk gh ;ksxnku ekuk tkrk gSA bl uhfr ds dkj.k gh iksaVh pîôk us iwjs çns'k ds 'kjkc dkjksckj ij ,dN=k jkt dk;e dj fy;kA vf•ys'k ljdkj vkbZ rks mEeh~n dh tk jgh Fkh fd egs'k xqIrk dks gVk;k tk ldrk gS ysfdu ,slk ugha gqvkA 1981 esa vkbZ,,l VkWi djus okys çnhi 'kqDyk ,uvkj,p,e ?kksVkys esa lhchvkbZ }kjk fxjÝrkj fd, x,A djhc rhu eghus tsy esa jgus ds ckn mUgsak tekur feyhA fjgk gksrs gh çnhi 'kqDykx us fxjÝrkjh ls igys ds viuh rSukrh crkSj jktLo ifj"kn esa lnL; in ij Tokabu dj fy;kA ekeys esa dksVZ us l[rh fn•kbZ rks nks fnu ckn mUgsa fuyafcr fd;k x;kA çnhi 'kqDyk ds ekeys esa lhchvkbZ us vf•ys'k ljdkj ij vkjksi yxk;k gS fd dkiQh dksf'k'k ds ckn Hkh ;wih ljdkj us


jkT;ukek (mRrj izns'k) yxkrs gq, dgk fd ,Vk esa rSukrh ds nkSjku bu yksxksa us lik ds ,d díkoj usrk ds lkFk feydj ngst gR;fk ds ekeys esa dqN vkjksfi;ksa dk uke gVkus ds fy, mu ij ncko cuk;kA xSjdkuwuh dke djus ls euk djus ij LFkksukarj.k fd;k x;kA ekeys esa vf•ys'k ljdkj us Mhthih ds f•ykiQ rks dksbZ dkjZokbZ ugha dh gka] Mh,lih dks lLisa M t:j dj fn;kA og dksVZ ls fuyacu fujLrr djus dk vkns'k Hkh ys vk, ysfdu fiQ?j Hkh Tokibfuax dk bartkj dj jgs gSaA ;wih dSMj ds vkbZ,,l viQlj 'kf'k Hkw"k.k dks NsM+•kuh ds vkjksi esa fxjÝrkj fd;k x;kA vkbZ,,l 'kf'k Hkw"k.k ds Åij NsM+•kuh dk ;g vkjksi xwxy bafM;k ,fDtD;wfVo us yxk;kA vkjksi gS fd fnYyh ls y•uÅ vk jgh y•uÅ esy esa vkbZ,,l 'kf'k us mÙkQ efgyk ls NsM+•kuh dhA mÙkj çns'k esa cnrj gksrh dkuwu&O;aoLFkk'k ds fy, pkSrjiQk vkykspuk dk lkeuk dj jgs eq[;ea=kh vf•ys'k ;kno us fiNys fnuksa cpko esa fnYyh ljdkj ij fu'kkuk lk/rs gq, dgk fd fnYyhn esa dkuwu&O;soLFkkl dh fLFkfr mÙkj çns'k ls Hkh cnrj gSA ;kuh mÙk;j çns'k esa gkyr fparktud gSa ysfdu fnYyh ls deA tkfgj gS •qn lh,e vf•ys'k dks yxrk gS fd iqfyl ç'kklu esa Hkkjh lq/kj dh t:jr gSA fiNys ,d lky dh ckr djsa rks ;wih ds rdjhcu lHkh çeq• 'kgj naxs dk na'k >sy pqds gSaA •qn lh,e vf•ys'k vius ukS eghus ds dk;Zdky ;kuh fnlacj 2012 rd 27 naxs gksus dh ckr Lohadkj dj pqds gSaA ogha vxj gR;kn] cykRdkgj] ywV vkSj MdSrh dh ?kVukvksa ij utj Mkysa rks ;wih ds çeq• 'kgj ;kuh jkt/kuh y•uÅ] dkuiqj] esjB] vkxjk] okjk.klh] bykgkckn] xksj•iqj vkSj cjsyh esa gh fiNys ,d lky ds esa 1059 gR;k ,a dh xbZa] 382 cykRdktj] 906 ywV dh okjnkr vkSj 64 MdSrh iM+haA çns'k dh jkt/kuh fdruh lqjf{kr gS] bldk vanktk blh ckr ls yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd ;gka fiNys lky vçSy ls vc rd 126 gR;kl,a] 42 cykRdktj] 35 ywV vkSj 4 MdSrh dh ?kVuk,a gks pqdh gSaA ogha jkt/ kuh ls egt 80 fdyksehVj nwj dkuiqj dk gky vkSj Hkh cqjk gSA fiNys lky vçSy ls bl lky ekpZ rd ;gka 253 gR;kw,a] 75

cykRdkNj] 146 ywV vkSj 10 MdSrh iM+haA dkuiqj dh gh rjg esjB Hkh vijk/ ds ekeys esa iqfyl ds cM+h pqukSrh lkfcr gksrk fn• jgk gSA ;gka vçSy 2012 ls vc rd 211 gR;kk,a] 62 cykRdkNj] 246 ywV dh ?kVuk,a vkSj 22 MdSfr;ka iM+ pqdh gSaA vU;2 'kgjksa dh ckr djsa rks vkxjk esa tgka 2012 esa 70 gR;k ,a] 32 cykRdkaj] 230 ywV vkSj 3 MdSrh dh ?kVuk,a gqbZa] ogha bl lky vc rd 28 gR;k ,a] 13 cykRdkaj] 40 ywV vkSj rhu MdSfr;ka iM+ pqdh gSaA bykgkckn esa 2012 esa 102 gR;kh,a] 49 cykRdkaj] 47 ywV vkSj 3 MdSrh dh ?kVuk,a gqbZaA ogha 2013 esa vc rd rhu eghus esa ;gka 22 gR;kd,a] 5 cykRdkgj] 7 ywV dh ?kVuk,a gks pqdh gSaA blh rjg cjsyh esa 2012 esa 84 gR;ky,a] 48 cykRdkaj] 68 MdSrh vkSj nks ywV dh ?kVuk,a gqbZa] tcfd 2013 esa vc rd 12 gR;ks,a] 6 cykRdkaj] 12 ywV vkSj rhu MdSrh dh ?kVuka, gks pqdh gSaA xksj•iqj esa 2012 esa 57 gR;kr,a] 28 cykRdkaj] 39 ywV vkSj 7 MdSrh dh ?kVuk,a ntZ dh xbZa] tcfd bl lky vHkh rd 7 gR;kr,a] 5 cykRdkaj] 8 ywV vkSj 6 MdSrh ;gka gks pqdh gSaA ogha okjk.klh esa 2012 esa tuojh ls fnlacj rd 21 gR;k~,a gqbZa] 9 cykRdkgj] 14 ywV dh ?kVuk,a gqbZa] tcfd bl lky vc rd ;gka 13 gR;kd,a gks pqdh gSa] buds vykok 8 cykRdkqjZ] 14 ywV vkSj ,d MdSrh dh ?kVuk ntZ gks pqdh gSA bu ?kVukvksa dk gh vlj gS fd pkjksa rjiQ ls f?kjh ljdkj ds lky Hkj iwjk gksus ls ,su igys xq#okj dks çns'k ds Mhthih us iqfyl O;soLFkkks esa Hkkjh cnyko djrs gq, lHkh ftyksa dh ,lvksth Hkax dj nh xbZA Økbe czkap dks T;k nk vf/dkj fn, x,A ,Mhth dkuwu O;1oLFkk v#.k dqekj us crk;k fd Lisc'ky baosfLVxs'ku LokWf/d ;M Hkh vc Økbe czkap ds v/hu gksxkA gj ftys esa Lis~'ky bUosifLVxs'ku Vhe dk xBu fd;k tk,xk] tks lacaf/r ftys ds fdlh Hkh Fkkus esa ntZ gksus okys ekeyksa dh tkap dj ldsxkA blds vykok ;wih dks rhu fgLlksa ,] ch vkSj lh esa ckaVk x;k gSA , vkSj ch ds rgr vkus okys ftyksa esa Økbe czkap ds bapktZ ,,lih Økbe gksaxs] tchfd lh Js.kh ds ftyksa esa lhvks Økbe dh rSukrh gksxhA ;gh ugha lik ljdkj ds lky Hkj iwjk

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

vfHk;sktu dh LohhÑfr ugha nh] ftlds dkj.k çnhi 'kqDyka ds f•ykiQ pktZ'khV nkf•y ugha gks ldhA jkds'k cgknqj fiNyh lik ljdkj esa uks,Mk vFkkWfjVh ds ps;jeSu in ij rSukr FksA 2006 esa uks,Mk esa gksVyksa ds fy, IykV vkoaVu gq,A buesa ?kksVkys dh ckr lkeus vkus ij clik ljdkj us 2007 esa bu vkoaVuska dks jn dj fn;kA 2009 esa jkds'k cgknqj dks ek;korh ljdkj us fuyafcr dj fn;kA 2010 esa çorZu funs'kky; us jkds'k cgknqj ds f•ykiQ euh ykafMªax dk dsl ntZ fd;kA jkds'k cgknqj vf•ys'k ljdkj cuus ds iQkSju ckn gh uks,Mk vFkkWfjVh ds ps;jeSu in ij fcBk fn, x,A bl ij dksVZ us Hkh dM+h vkifÙk ntZ djkbZA vkf•jdkj ljdkj dks bUgsaB in ls gVkuk gh iM+kA eqyk;e ljdkj ds nkSjku uks,Mk ds lhbZvks in dh ftEesnkjh laHkkyus okys latho lju vf•ys'k ljdkj curs gh okil mlh in ij igqap x,A 2006 esa uks,Mk esa gq, 4000 djksM+ ls vf/d ds dfFkr Hkwfe ?kksVkys esa clik ljdkj us bUgsa Hkh fuyafcr dj fn;k FkkA buds f•ykiQ ,iQvkbZvkj Hkh ntZ gqbZA ekeys dh tkap bZvksMC;w esjB dks lkSaih xbZA bUgsa vf•ys'k ljdkj us nksckjk mlh in ij fcBk fn;kA vnkyr us in ls gVkus dk vkns'k fn;k rks fiNyh 16 tuojh dks bUgsfa osfVax esa Mkyk x;kA ;wih,lvkbZMhlh ?kksVkys esa vkjksih vkbZ,,l viQlj ds /uy{eh vf•ys'k ljdkj esa lqyrkuiqj ds Mh,e in dh ftEes,nkjh laHkky jgh gSaA eq[;ea=kh dh lfpo vuhrk flag ij fiNyh eqyk;e ljdkj esa buds Åij dqN vkjksi Hkh yxs] buesa lik ljdkj ds dqN djhch usrkvksa vkSj vf/dkfj;ksa dks 2005 esa fu;eksa dks njfdukj dj xkserhuxj ds ikW'k bykds esa IykV vkoafVr djuk çeq• gSA vuhrk flag orZeku esa eq[;xea=kh vf•ys'k dh lfpo gSaA tkfgj gS lÙkkh ds vf/drj iQSlyksa esa mudk fo'ks"k ;ksxnku jgrk gSA vyhx<+ esa 38oha okfguh ih,lh esa rSukr Mh,lih ohds 'kekZ us fiNys lky vDVwcj esa çns'k iqfyl ds Mhthih ,lh 'kekZ ij xaHkhj vkjksi yxk;k fd og VªkaliQj iksfLVax ds fy, iSlk ysrs gSaA blds lkFk gh mUgksa us ,Vk ds Mh,e vkSj ,l,lih ij Hkh xaHkhj vkjksi

9


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

jkT;ukek (mRrj izns'k)

10

gksus ds miy{;d esa ;wih ljdkj us xq#okj dks çsl uksV tkjh dj 6 Iok baV~l esa iwjs çns'k esa csgrj dkuwu O;qoLFkks djus ds ç;kl] iqfyl vk/qfudhdj.k] tsyksa dh O;ooLFkkj esa lq/kj ds lkFk VªSfiQd esa lq/kj ds fy, mBk, tk jgs dneksa dks js•kafdr fd;k gSA vkb, i<+rs gSa D;ks dgrh gS lik ljdkj& 1) efgykvksa dks vkifÙktud iQksu dky ;k ,l,e,l@,e,e,l }kjk v'yhy lans'k Hkstus vFkok ijs'kku fd;s tkus ds ekeyksa es Rofjr dk;Zokgh gsrq 15 uoEcj 2012 ls owesu ikoj ykbu 1090 fu%'kqYd lsok 'kq: dh xbZA 2) çns'k esa 2 lkbcj bdkb;ka vkxjk o y•uÅ esa LFkkfir dh xbZaA 3) çns'k ds egkuxjksa esa çeq• pkSjkgksa ij ;krk;kr O;oLFkk ds lqxe lapkyu gsrq lhlhVhoh yxk;s tkus dh ;kstuk gSA 4) t?kU; vijk/ksa esa iqfyl }kjk rRijrk iw.kZ dk;Zokgh dh xbZA vijk/ fu;a=k.k ds fy;s idM+s x;s vijkf/;ksa dks muds vijk/ dh ltk fnykus ij fo'ks"k cy fn;k tk jgk gSA 5) lhlhVh,u,l ;kstuk ik;yV çkstsDV ds #i esa y•uÅ] eqjknkckn ,oa xkthiqj tuin esa çkjEHk fd;k x;kA 6) çns'k ds 7 tuinksa (bykgkckn] fetkZiqj] okjk.klh] dkuiqj uxj] y•uÅ] esjB rFkk xkft;kckn) ,oa tuin U;k;ky;ksa ds eè; ohfM;ks dkUÚsflax ds ekè;e ls foxr ,d o"kZ dh vof/ esa yxHkx ,d yk• cafn;ksa dh rFkk czk.M cS.M ds ekè;e ls çns'k ds 10 tuinksa esa yxHkx 20]000 ls vf/d dqy 1]20]000 cafn;ksa dh is'kh lEiUu gqbZ gSA tkfgj gS] lik ljdkj ds nkos dks rks vkius xkSj ls i<+ gh fy;k gksxk] vc dkuwu O;aoLFkk ds rgr fliQZ naxksa dh ckr djsa rks •qn eq[;ea=kh vf•ys'k ;kno us fiNys fnuksa fo/kulHkk esa tokc fn;k fd fiNys lky ekpZ ls fnlEcj 2012 rd jkT; esa 27 naxs gq,A buesa rhu 'kgjksa eFkqjk ds dkslhdyka] cjsyh vkSj iQStkckn esa cM+s naxs gq,A ogha lkr lkEç nkf;d fgalk esa çrkix<+ esa nks] vkSj xkft;kckn] cjsyh] laHky] fctukSj vkSj bykgkckn esa ,d&,d ?kVuk,a gqbZaA buds vykok esjB esa rhu ckj] xkft;kckn esa nks ckj] eqtÝiQjuxj esa rhu ckj] dq'khuxj esa nks ckj vkSj y•uÅ] fctukSj] lhrkiqj]

larjfonkl uxj] eqjknkckn vkSj laHky esa ,d&,d ckj lkEçvkSnkf;d fgalk gqbZA ikap naxs ;kSu laca/ksa ds dkj.k gq,A ,sls naxs çrkix<+ vkSj cgjkbp esa gq,A eqtÝiQjuxj dks rhu ckj ,sls ekeys esa naxksa dk nnZ lguk iM+kA xkso/ ds dkj.k esjB esa naxk gqvkA lar jfonkl uxj esa tehu laca/h fookn ds dkj.k naxk gqvkA /kfeZd vlfg".kqrk ds dkj.k 10 txgksa ij naxs gq,A lkEçnkf;d naxksa vkSj blls tqM+s fookn dh jksdFkke ds fy, lHkh vk;qÙkQksa dks bl lky ukS tuojh dks vko';d funZs'k Hksts x;s gSaA

dqN çeq• lkEçnkf;d fgalk bl çdkj gSa& 1 twu] 2012 dh nksigj djhc nks cts eFkqjk ds dkslhdyka esa ljk; 'kkgh bykds esa ihus ds ikuh Hkjs Mªe esa gkFk Mkyus dks ysdj gqvk fookn us ns•rs gh ns•rs lkEçnkf;d naxs dk :i ys fy;kA ?kVuk esa pkj yksxksa dh ekSr gks xbZ vkSj ntZuksa ?kk;y gks x,A ;gh ugha HkhM+ us ntZuksa okguksa lfgr dbZ nqdkuksa esa vkx yxk nhA naxs jksdus igqaph iqfyl dks Hkh Hkkjh iFkjko vkSj iQk;fjax dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA bl ?kVuk ij fo/kulHkk esa ljdkj dh dkiQh fdjfdjh gqbZA •qn eq[;ea=kh vf•ys'k ;kno eFkqjk dh bl ?kVuk esa ftyk ç'kklu ds <hys&<kys joS;s ls {kqC/ fn•sA eFkqjk ds dkslhdyka naxksa ds rhu gÝrs ckn çrkix<+ esa ,d nfyr yM+dh ds lkFk nq"deZ vkSj gR;k dh ?kVuk ls xqLlkbZ HkhM+ us 23 twu dks vkLFkku xkao ds nq"deZ ds vkjksih O;fÙkQ;ksa lfgr xkao ds djhc 46 edkuksa dks vkx yxk nhA jkr Hkj pys HkhM+ ds bl rkaMo ds xokg ihfM?r i{k dk vkjksi Fkk fd ekeys esa iqfyl us dqN Hkh ugha fd;kA nks ,iQvkbZvkj ntZ dh xbZ vkSj 68 yksxksa ds uke lkeus vk,A ysfdu vf/drj yksx vHkh Hkh iqfyl dh fxjÝr ls nwj gh gSaA 23 tqykbZ dks cjsyh 'kgj dks lkEçnkf;d naxksa us viuh pisV esa ys fy;kA ;gka lkou ds nkSjku dkaofj;ksa vkSj pk; dh nqdku okyksa ds chp fookn gqvkA ftlus /hjs&/hjs lkEçnkf;d naxs dk :i ys fy;k vkSj iwjs 'kgj esa miæfo;ksa us tedj coky dkVkA ?kVuk esa rhu yksxksa dh ekSr gqbZA iqfyl dks 'kgj ds dbZ Fkkuk {ks=kksa esa csfe;knh dÝ;Zw yxkuk iM+kA 11 vxLr dks cjsyh esa dÝ;Zw gVk, tkus ds pkj fnu ckn gh ;gka fiQ?j nks

leqnk; fiQj ls fHkM+ x,A tedj iRFkj ckth gqbZ vkSj xksfy;ka pyhaA ç'kklu dks nksckjk dÝ;Zw yxkuk iM+kA bu nksuksa naxksa esa iqfyl us dqy 38 ,iQvkbZvkj ntZ dh vksj 293 yksxksa dks fxjÝrkj fd;kA 17 vxLr dks vle esa gqbZ fgalk dk gokyk nsdj vyfonk dh uekt ds ckn dqN vjktdrRoksa us y•uÅ 'kgj dk ekgkSy fcxkM+ fn;kA miæfo;ksa us jkt/kuh dh lM+dksa ij tedj coky dkVkA nqdkusa ywV yh] iqfyl dh ckbd iQwad nh] ikap clksa lesr dbZ okguksa esa rksMiQksM+ dh vkSj jkgxhjksa ls vHkærk dhA ehfM;kdfe;ks± dks Hkh ihVk vkSj ywVikV dhA blh fnu vle esa gqbZ fgalk dk gokyk nsdj vyfonk dh uekt ds ckn bykgkckn esa djhc 5000 yksxksa dh HkhM+ us djhc 200 xkfM+;ksa dks rksM+ Mkyk vkSj nqdkusa ywV yhaA bl fgalk ds ckn ç'kklu dks bykgkckn esa dÝ;Zw yxkuk iM+kA fiQj 14 flrEc0j dks xkft;kckn esa fdlh 'kjkjrh rRo us ,d / kfeZd xzUFk ds iUus ij vi'kCn fy•dj elwjh ds vkè;kfRed uxj jsyos LVs'ku ds ikl iQsad fn;kA blls yksx HkM+d mBsA vkØksf'kr yksxksa us elwjh Fkkus esa ?kqldj iqfyldfeZ;ksa ls gkFkkikbZ dh vkSj ogka •M+s okguksa dks iQwad MkykA djhc 50 okgu {kfrxzLr gq,A •qn lh,e vf•ys'k ;kno us dgk dh çns'k dk iqfyl egdek cgqr fcxM+k gwvk gS] bls lq/kjus esa oÙkQ yxsxkA vxys gh eghus 24 vDVwcj dks iQStkckn esa ewfrZ foltZu ds nkSjku gqbZ ekjihV us lkEçnkf;d jax ys fy;k vkSj ns•rs gh ns•rs xqLlkbZ HkhM+ us iqfyl dh dbZ xkfM+;ksa vkSj ntZuksa nqdkuksa esa vkx yxk nhA dbZ fnuksa rd dÝ;ZwxzLr jgus ds ckn vkf•jdkj iQStkckn 'kkar gqvk ysfdu naxksa dk nnZ vHkh Hkh ogka ns•k tk ldrk gSA blds ckn tuojh esa eqfLye leqnk; ds nks xqVksa esa fookn gks x;k vkSj ns•rs gh ns•rs Hkjh etfyl esa xksyhckjh gqbZ] ftlesa nks yksxksa dh ekSr gks xbZ vkSj ntZuksa ?kk;y gks x,A fiQj vEcsgMdjuxj ds VkaMk esa fganw ;qok okfguh ds ,d usrk dh gR;kx dj nh xbZ] ftlds ckn iwjk VkaMk lkEçsnkf;d naxs dh vkx esa ty mBkA ikap fnu rd dÝ;Zw yxk, tkus ds ckn vkf•jdkj ç'kklu 'kkafr cuk ik;kA¹HkkLdjº


vkoj.k dFkk

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013 11

balkQ dks rjlrha nfyr nkfeuha xqLlk gesa viuksa ij Hkh vkrk gS D;ksfa d ge dkfiQj gS]a gekjh losnuk;sa lqLkq Ir voLFkk esa gSa tks ^nfyr yM+dh ds lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj* lqu ds Hkh ?kjks esa ?kqls jgrs gSa ------tkxks esjs HkkbZ;ksa ---tkxks --dksbZ ugha vk;sxk rqEgkjs fy, /juk& çn'kZu djus] dsM a y ekpZ djus vkSj u gh dksbZ lkaln rqEgkjs fy, jksus okyh gS A mBks !! viuh psruk dks Lo;a tkx`r djks! fnYyh esa gq, ,d yM+dh dk pyrh cl esa cykRdkj ftlls vkt iwjs ns'k esa vijkf/;ksa ds çfr xtc dk vkØks'k gS] vkSj gks Hkh u bl dqÑR; dh ftruh Hkh HkRlZuk dh tk;s de gSa A ,d lH; lekt esa bl rjg dh vekuoh; ?kVuk;s balkfu;r dks dyafdr djrh gSa] ftl yM+dh ds lkFk ,slh ?kVuk gksrh gS lp esa mldh ihM+k dks ogh le> ldrh gS vkSj mldh HkjikbZ vijkf/;ksa dks ltk feyus ds ckn Hkh ugha

gks ikrh] b'oj ,slh ?kVuk fdlh Hkh L=kh ds lkFk u djs A bl ?kVuk dh dh fuank laln ls ysds lM+d rd gks jgh gS ] CykWx txr ] v[kckj ] Vh -oh ] usrk ] vfHkusrk ] vke vkneh lc ,d lqj esa vijkf/;ksa dks dM+h ls dM+h ltk fnykus dh ekax dj jgs gSa A dksbZ dg jgk gS dh mudks pkSjkgs ij iQk¡lh ns nks ] dksbZ dg jgk gS mudks uiqald cuk nks vkSj gksuk Hkh ;gh pkfg, vijkf/;ksa dks

dM+h ls dM+h ltk nsuh pkfg, A yksx ns'k Hkj esa gqtwe cuk ds /jus &çn'kZu dj jgs gSa ] efgyk;s ekspkZ fudy jgh gSa] dsaMy ekpZ fd;k tk jgk gS ----gksuk Hkh ;gh pkfg, A ij cjcl gh eq>s dqN ;kn vk tkrk gS ] ;kn vk tkrk gS dh tc fdlh nfyr " yM+dh dk ns'k esa cykRdkj gksrk gS rks fefM;k dSls mls çdkf'kr djrh gSA fefM;k dsoy mls ,d lkekU; •cj ds :i esa


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk

12

çdkf'kr djrh gS vkSj mldk 'kh"kZd gksrk gS ^nfyr yM+dh ds lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj* ;kfu fefM;k tksj nsds dgrh gS ^nfyr yM+dh* bl 'kh"kZd esa lektlsoh] vke vkneh] Hkkjrh; turk] lq"kek Lojkt] 'kckuk vkteh]t;k cPpu] Cyksxj ] i=kdkj vkSj lHkh eksecÙkh okyks dks ;s xqIr lUns'k gksrk gS dh fpark dh ckr ugha gSA ek=k ^nfyr yM+dh ds lkFk cykRdkj* gS] vki lHkh egku yksx /jrh lj ij er mBk ysuk]vkSj eksecfÙk;ka ysdj tarj earj ;k bafM;k xsV U;k; ekxus ds uke ijMªkek djus er igqp tkukA oks ,d xjhc] vlgk; nfyr efgyk Fkh ftldh dksbZ bTtr ugha] tks vkt Hkh lo.kks± dh vklku f'kdkj gS A 15 flracj 2012 mÙkj çns'k esa ] 10 vDVwcj 2012 vkSj 12 vDVwcj 2012 dks gfj;k.kk esa nfyr yM+fd;ksa ds lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj gq, ]rc fdlh lekt lsoh] vke vkneh] Hkkjrh; turk] vkSj fiQYeh upfu;ksa ds dku ij dksbZ twa rdugha jsxa h Fkh A vkSj mlls igys Hkh nfyr yM+fd;ksa ls lkewfgd cykRdkj gksrs jgs gSa tks dh ,d&vk/ ckj fdlh v[kckj esa fdlh dksus esa mudh •cjs vk tkrh Fkh A ysfdu vHkh tks fnYyh esa tks nq?kZVuk gq;h gS]mles ehfM;k us ,d ckj Hkh ugha dgk dh czkã.k yM+dh dk cykRdkj] ;k Bkdqj yM+dh dk cykRdkj] ;k iQykuh iQykuh yM+dh ds lkFk cykRdkj fliQZ fpYyk &fpYyk ds yM+dh cksy rkfd ;s <ksaxh lekt lsoh vkSj usrk yksx ds dku •M+s gks tk;s vkSj /juk &çn'kZu 'kq: dj nsa] vjs HkkbZ ----gks Hkh D;ksa u mudh gh tkr dh yM+dh ds lkFk gqvk gS u !! ij xqLlk gesa vius nfyrksa ij Hkh vkrk gS D;ksafd ge dkfiQj gSa] gekjh losnuk;sa lqLqkIr voLFkk esa gSa tks ^nfyr yM+dh ds lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj* lqu ds Hkh ?kjks esa ?kqls jgrs gSa ------tkxks esjs HkkbZ;ksa ---tkxks --dksbZ ugha vk;sxk rqEgkjs fy, / juk& çn'kZu djus] dsaMy ekpZ djus vkSj u gh dksbZ lkaln rqEgkjs fy, jksus okyh gS A mBks !! viuh psruk dks Lo;a tkx`r djks!

ukjh dh ykpkjh

vkt ,d vksj ukjh iq:"kksa ds lkFk dU/s ls dU/k feykdj ?kj ls ysdj ljdkjh v/Zljdkjh vkWfiQlksa esa izxfr'khy Hkkjr esa viuk vÞe jkSy vnk dj jgha gSAa vkt vusdksa efgyk;sa f[kykfM+;ksa ls ysdj vkbZ-,-,l-] vkbZ-ih-,l-] MkDVj] bathfu;j vkSj cM+h&cM+h foÙkh; laLFkkuksa esa eSusftax Mk;jSDVj ds inksa ij dq'kyrk ,oa Hkkjrh; jktuhfr ds vÞe inksa ij cSBdj dq'ky usr`Ro dj ns'k dh fn'kk nsus dk dke dj jgha gSaA ,sls gkykr eas Hkh dqN gC'kh nfjUns bruh csgjeh ls cykRdkj dj efgykvksa dh gR;k dj jgsa gSA vkt ;g u;k mnkgj.k ugha gSaA Hkkjr o"kZ ds gj izns'k esa izfrfnu dgha u dgha ,slh ?kVuk lquus dks feyrh gSA vkt Hkh dqN izns'kksa esa nso&nklh izFkk dk;e gS ;s oks gh iq:"k gSA tks rqylhÑr jke;k.k dh bl pkSikbZ ls izHkkfor gSaA <ksy] xaokj] 'kwæ] i'kq] ukjhA ;s lc rkMu ds vf/dkjhAA ftl iq:"k dk tUe gh ,d L=kh ls gqvl gksA ftl ek¡ us ukS ekg rd xhys esa lkSdj ml iq:"k dks lw[ks esa lqykdj cM+k fd;k gks og ml ekr`Ro dks Hkwydj bruk f?kukSuk ÑRo djus ij etcwj gSA tks dHkh cgu&HkkbZ dk fj'rk fuHkkrh gSA rks 'kknh gksus ij iRuh dk fj'rk fuHkkrh gSA rks ek¡] nknh ek¡] ukuh ek¡ ds jkSy esa ogh rks fj'rk fuHkkrh gSA ysfdu gC'kh nfjUnksa dks rks ukjh tkfr ds ckdh fj'rs ;kn ugha jgrsA D;k buds ?kj esa csVh] cgu] iRuh] ek¡ ugha tks ,sls dqÑRo dj lkjs lekt dks cnuke djus dk dke djrs gSaA ,sls euq";ksa esa i'kqrk iwjh rjg ls tkxh gqbZ gSA ,sls yksxksa ds fy, lmnh vjc tSls dkuwuksa dks ykxw djuk gksxkA fdlh cgu csVh dks bTtr ds lkFk f[kyokM djus ckys dks pkSjkgs ds chp xkM+dj mQijh fgLlk fn[kkbZ nsuk pkfg, vkSj lc yksx ngh fNM+ds vkSj dqÙks NksM+ nsaA rFkk tks pkSjkgs ls xqtjs] iRFkj ekjsA iRFkj&ekj&ekj dj ftUns vkneh dks ,sls gC'kh nfjUnksa dks ekjs ftlls lkjk lekt ns[ks [kkl dj ,slk djus okys ns[ksa] pksjh djus okys ds nksuksa gkFkksa dks dkV nsaA nksuksa iSjksa dks dkV nsaA vkSj ,slh gkyr esa thus dks etcwj djsaA ,slk djus ij Hkkjr ls pksjh] tkjh] cykRdkjh lnk ls feV tk;saxhA ^cjuk* rks fdrus gh dkuwu cuk yks iQkalh yxk nksA leL;k dk lek/ku ugha gSA Hkkjr dk dkuwu bruk yphyk gSA ysfdu dqÑR; djus okyksa dks ,slh ltk nsdj gh efgykvksa lEeku o cjkojh dk ntkZ fn;k tk ldrk gSA ys[kd% ch-Mh- lqtkr (LorU=k ys[kd] dfo] ,oa lekt lSfudny ds ofj"B mikè;{k gSA)


vkoj.k dFkk

fnYyh es nkfeuh ds lkFk tks gqvk (cykRdkj) oks cgqr gh cqjk gqvkA eq>s cgqr viQlksl gS dh bl ns'k es cykRdkj cykRdkj es Hkh varj gS exj D;ksa \ iqjs ns'k us ml ?kVuk dh dM+h fuank dh vkSj ehfM;k us Hkh lgh ckr gS djuh Hkh pkfg;s vkSj mu vijkf/;ksa dks eR;qnaM feyuk pkfg;s A exj fnukd 06@01@12 dks uks,Mk esa ,d yM+dh ds lkFk cykRdkj dh ?kVuk gqbZ- nkeuh dsl o bl dsl esa dkiQh lekurk ns•h tk ldrh gS- tSls----û-?kVuk ubZ fnYyh jkt/kuh ,fj;k esa gh gqbZü-nkeuh dh rjg gh bl yM+dh ds lkFk Hkh xsaxjsi gqvký-blesa vijk/ ds dkju bl yM+dh dk Hkh fu/u gks x;kþ-;g yM+dh Hkh fuoL=k voLFkk esa feyhÿ-;g yM+dh Hkh vius xjhc ek¡ o cki dk ,d lgkjk cuuk pkg jgh Fkhysfdu ehfM;k us bl •cj dks nkfeuh dsl dh rjg çeq•rk D;ksa ugh nh-\ D;ksa iQkLV Vªd S dksVZ dh bl dsl esa ekax ugh fn•kbZ ns jgh gS-\ u, nkSj ds ;qod o ;qofr;k eksecÙkh ysdj bf.M;k xsV ij D;ksa ugh x,-\ eqacbZ esa dqN vfHkusf=k;ksa ds vk¡•ksa ls vk¡lw bl yM+dh ds fy, D;ksa ugh fudys-\ ns'k dk ehfM;k] jktusrk] vfHkusrk] u, nkSj ds ;qod] ;qofr;k dksbZ Hkh bl yM+dh ds çfr viuk nq%• çdV D;ksa ugh dj jgk gS- tSls nkfeuh dsl esa gqvk-\\\ D;ksafd ;s yM+dh ,d nfyr Fkh blfy;s \\\\ D;k nfyr balku ugha gksrs D;k \ ;k nfyrksa ds lkFk cykRdkj vkSj ml dh gR;k dh dksbZ dher ugha gS \\ ;gh lc tkfrokn gS A

nfyr cykRdkj vkSj ge

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

D;k nfyr balku ugha gksrs D;k \

13 ;g rLohj gS ,d vkSjr dhA fcgkj ds Hkkxyiqj esa bl ?nfyr efgyk dk cykRdkj gqvkA dgha dksbZ gypy ughaA ekuork ds /jkry ij dgha dksbZ vkokt ugha--- A efgyk dks cykRdkj ds ckn ekj Mkyk x;k vkSj cM+h gh ik'kfodrk vkSj cs'kehZ ls ,d isM+ ij Vkax fn;k x;kA fugk;r gh ?k`f.kr rjhds ls gj fnu dgha uk dgha dksbZ uk dksbZ vkSjr blh rjg viekfur vkSj çrkM+f?r dh tk jgh gSA ekj Mkyh tk jgh gSA ij eqík ;g ugha gS fd vkSjr nfyr Fkh ;k laHkzkarA eqík ;g gS fd D;ksa fdlh ,d efgyk (nkfeuh@fuHkZ;k) ij gq, vR;kpkj ij iwjk ns'k meM+ iM+k vkSj fdlh vU; efgyk ds vR;kpkj dks ;wa misf{kr fd;k tk jgk gSA njvly vkSjr dh dksbZ tkfr ugha gksrh] vkSjr gksuk gh mldh tkr gksrh gSA vkSjr dgha Hkh dSlh Hkh gks vxj mlds lkFk nqjkpkj gqvk gS rks vkokt dks mBuk gksxkA gkykafd eqís dks ;g dgdj HkVdk;k ugha tk ldrk fd pwafd og nfyr efgyk Fkh blfy, ehfM;k] jktuhfr vkSj lektlsoh laxBu ?bl ij •keks'k gSaA vly eqík ;g gS fd og tks fpaxkjh fuHkZ;k dsl esa lqyxh Fkh mldh //d dgka tkdj foyqIr gks xbZA efgyk laxBuksa dk dguk gS fd '' bl rjg ds ekeys bruh liQkbZ ls nck fn, tkrs gSa] ;k fjiksfVZax ds Lrj ij brus detksj dj fn, tkrs gSa fd ekgkSy og :i ugha ys ikrk ftruk dh visf{kr gksrk gSA bldk vFkZ ;g drbZ ugha gS fd efgyk ;kSu mRihM+u dh •cjksa esa gj Lrj ij HksnHkko gks jgk gSA ys?fdu okLrfodrk dqN vkSj gSA bl lp dks dSls udkjs\ D;ksa xjhc ;k detksj {ks=k dh efgyk ls gq, fuEuLrjh; O;ogkj dk gekjh laosnuk Hkwfe ij 'keZ dk pqYyw Hkj ikuh Hkh ugha iM+rkA D;ksa\ gekjh oSpkfjd lqIrrk vkSj lqUurk dh ;g ijkdk"Bk gS fd cykRdkj dh •cjsa vxj fcgM+ bykdksa ls vkrh gS rks ge prqjkbZ ls viuh ok.kh] fopkj vkSj 'Ropk' dks cpkus esa yx tkrs gSaA D;ksa\--- D;ksafd mu bykdksa ls lh/s&lh/s gekjk dksbZ rkYyqd ugha gksrkA efgyk vR;kpkj dh •cjksa ij ge vpkud vfr?jsd esa HkkoukRed gks tkrs gSa vkSj fiQj vfrjsd esa fu"Bqj- -- ,slk D;ksa\ ge rks vke turk gS fiQj ge ,sls 'pqukoh' O;ogkj D;ksa djrs gSa\ gS vkids ikl tokc rks t:j nhft,---- Iyht--


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk

14

nfyr efgyk,a cykRdkj dh f'kdkj T;knk nqOZ~;ogkj dk lcls T;knk f'kdkj gksrh gSa] nfyr efgyk,a] ftuls muds efgyk gksus ds lkFk&lkFk lkekftd fLFkfr ds pyrs HksnHkko fd;k tkrk gSA nfyr] ftUgsa dHkh vNwr dgk tkrk Fkk] fganw lkekftd inkuqØe esa fuEu LFkku ls lacf/kr gSaA 2011 ds tula[;k vkadM+ksa ds eqrkfcd] Hkkjr dh 12 fcfy;u vkcknh dk djhc 17-5 iQhlnh vFkok 210 fefy;u yksx nfyr gSaA jk"Vªh; turkaf=kd xBca/ku (jktx) ds la;kstd ,oa tn(;w) ds v/;{k 'kjn ;kno us dgrs gSa fd efgykvksa ds lkFk c<+rh ;kSu fgalk ds dbZ dkj.k gSa] ij nfyr ,oa detksj oxZ dh efgykvksa ds lkFk lekt esa bl rjg dh ?kVuk,a vf/d gks jgh gSa] ij ns'k esa cykRdkj dks ysdj py jgh cgl esa tkfr ds ç'u ij xgjh pqIih NkbZ gqbZ gSA ns'k Hkj esa tks cgl py jgh gS] mldks ysdj ehfM;k esa dksbZ ;g loky ugha mBk jgk gS fd lekt esa lfn;ksa ls tkfr O;oLFkk ds dkj.k fL=k;ksa dks nck;k tkrk jgk gS vkSj blfy, os bl rjg dh fgalk dh f'kdkj gks jgh gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd cfPp;ksa] yM+fd;ksa vkSj efgykvksa ds lkFk HksnHkko ns'k ds fofHkUu fgLlksa esa tkjh gS ij gekjs ns'k dh O;oLFkk pkgs og iqfyl gks] ukSdj'kkgh gks] U;k;ikfydk gks vkSj dk;Zikfydk ;k ehfM;k gks] lc txg tkfr&O;oLFkk dke dj jgh gSA Hkkjr ds vFkZ'kkL=kh vkSj ukscy iqjLdkj fotsrk verZ~; lsu muesa ls gSa] tks dgrs gSa fd nfyr efgykvksa dh lgk;rk ds fy, T;knk dqN ugha fd;k tkrkA ^^eSa bl ckr ls dkQh [kq'k gwa fd vkf[kjdkj efgykvksa ds f[kykiQ fgalk dk ekeyk ;Fkksfpr è;kukd"kZ.k ik jgk gS]** Jh lsu us fnYyh esa ,d Hkk"k.k esa fnYyh esa 23 o"khZ; ;qorh ds cykRdkj ds ckn lkoZtfud fojks/ &çn'kZu dk gokyk nsrs gq, dgkA ^^ysfdu eSa rc vkSj T;knk çlUu gksrk] vxj ;s eku fy;k tkrk fd nfyr efgyk,a vlsZ ls vly fgalk dk lkeuk dj jgh gSa] muds gd esa uk

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tkfrxr vijk/ 'kgjksa ds eqdkcys Hkkjr ds NksVs dLcksa esa vke gS]a tgka ekeyk çdk'k esa ugha vkus dh vikj laHkkouk,a gksrh gSAa buesa 'kkfey gS]a nfyr efgykvksa ds f[kykiQ ;kSu vijk/] ftuds ckjs esa lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa dk ;s dguk gS fd mu ij vU; ds vykok geys dk tksf[ke T;knk gSA rks dksbZ fojks/&çn'kZu gksrk gS vkSj uk gh dksbZ laxBu mudh fgek;r djrk gSA eSa le>rk gwa fd bl rLohj esa ,d fujis{k [kkbZ gSA** tkfrxr vijk/ 'kgjksa ds eqdkcys Hkkjr ds NksVs dLcksa esa vke gSa] tgka ekeyk çdk'k esa ugha vkus dh vikj laHkkouk,a gksrh gSaA buesa 'kkfey gSa] nfyr efgykvksa ds f[kykiQ ;kSu vijk/] ftuds ckjs esa lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa dk ;s dguk gS fd mu ij vU; ds vykok geys dk tksf[ke T;knk gSA ^^'kgjh bykdksa esa cykRdkj fyax ls tqM+k ç'u gSA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa ;s fyax vkSj tkfrxr gSA ;s 'kfDr laca/ksa dk ç'u gS]** fnYyh ds efgyk vf/kdkj lewg] TokbaV owesUl çksxzke dh funs'kd T;ksRluk pVthZ dgrh gSaA gfj;k.kk esa cykRdkj ds ekeys c<+us ij vDVwcj esa gqbZ jSyh ds vk;kstdksa esa lqJh pVthZ Hkh FkhaA mUgksaus dgk fd ftu 21 cykRdkj ekeyksa dk mUgksaus vuqxeu fd;k] muesa djhc vk/ks nfyr efgykvksa ls lac¼ FksA nfyr vkSj efgyk vf/dkj dk;ZdrkZ nyhy nsrs gSa fd ;kSu nqjkpkj dqy feykdj vDlj lewps leqnk; dks viekfur djus vkSj ,d lewg dh nwljs ds Åij Js"Brk dh iqu% iqf"V ds fy, fd, tkrs gSaA ^^mPp tkfr ls lac¼ vkSj foÙkh; :i ls 'kfDr'kkyh] vdlj fuEu tkfr dh efgykvksa ds f[kykiQ fgalk djrs gSa]** lqJh pVthZ dgrh gSaA 2006 ds ,d v/;;u ds rgr ftu 500 nfyr efgykvksa dk lk{kkRdkj fd;k x;k] muesa ls 116 us nkok fd;k fd mudk ,d vFkok T;knk iq#"kksa us cykRdkj fd;k]

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ftuesa T;knkrj tehankj] mUgsa dke nsus okys vFkok mPp tkfr ds yksx FksA nfyr vf/dkj lewgksa ds laxBu] nfyr ekuokf/dkj jk"Vªh; vfHk;ku }kjk fd, bl vè;;u esa ik;k x;k fd nfyr efgykvksa ds f[kykiQ T;knkrj 'kkjhfjd vFkok 'kkfCnd geys lkoZtfud LFkyksa ij gq,] nyhy ds eqrkfcd os ^^la;Dq r lkeqnkf;d ltk** dk ,d çdkj FksA vè;;u esa mÙkj çns'k] rfeyukMq vkSj fcgkj dh efgykvksa dks 'kkfey fd;k x;k FkkA yxHkx gj jkst nfyr efgykvksa ds f[kykiQ ;kSu fgalk dh [kcjsa vkrh gSaA Hkkjrh; ehfM;k esa Nih fjiksVksaZ ds eqrkfcd flracj dh ,d Hk;kog ?kVuk esa] ,d 16 o"khZ; yM+dh dk gfj;k.kk ds ,d xkao esa xSaxjsi fd;k x;kA geykojksa us bl dkaM dk ohfM;ks cuk;kA ohfM;ks ns[kus ij] ihfM+r ds firk us 'keZlkj gksdj vkRegR;k dhA 'keZ vkSj bTtr dh ;s laLd`fr] tks 'kgjksa ds eqdkcys NksVs] xzkeh.k leqnk;ksa esa T;knk çpfyr gS] vDlj ;kSu 'kks"k.k ds T;knkrj ihfM+rksa (nfyr vkSj vU;) dks iqfyl esa fjiksVZ ntZ djkus ls jksdrh gS] fo'ks"kK dgrs gSaA mÙkj Hkkjr ds dqN fgLlksa esa] [kki iapk;rsa (vfuokZfpr] LFkkuh; ifj"knsa) tkfr vkSj fyax ds vk/kj ij :f<+oknh iwokZxzg yknrh gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy, efgykvksa ds f[kykiQ ;kSu fgalk dh leL;k ds lek/kku gsrq os vDlj efgykvksa ij lkoZtfud {ks=kksa esa Hkkx ysus gsrq çfrca/ yxkrs gSa] fnYyh ds 'kks/ lewg] lsaVj iQksj owesUl MsoysiesaV LVMht dh fo}ku baæk.kh etwenkj dgrh gSaA os efgykvksa ds fy, ^cafn'kksa dh laLd`fr* dks c<+kok nsrs gSa] og dgrh gSaA


vkoj.k dFkk

@

xhrk lqeu

la;qÙkQ jk"Vª us pkSadk nsus okys dqN vkadM+ksa vkSj fu"d"kks± ds lkFk ,d fjiksVZ tkjh dh gS] ftlesa dgk x;k gS fd Hkkjr esa nfyr vkSj •kldj nfyr efgyk,a iwjh rjg ls gkf'k, ij /dsy nh xbZ gSa tks bl lekt ds çfr ukdkjkRed utfj, dh pje fLFkfr dk mnkgj.k gSAa la;Ùq kQ jk"Vª dh fo'o lkekftd fLFkfr fjiksVZ 2010 esa dgk x;k gS fd Hkkjr] usiky vkSj ikfdLrku ds lekt esa tkfr vk/kfjr O;oLFkk ds dkj.k fupyh tkfr ds yksx cfg"dkj ds f'kdkj gSaA gj nks o"kZ esa rS;kj gksus okyh la;qÙkQ jk"Vª ds vkfFkZd vkSj lkekftd ekeyksa ds foHkkx dh bl fjiksVZ esa 1981 ls 2005 ds chp dh tula[;k ds vk/kj ij fo'o dh lkekftd fLFkfr dk vkdyu fd;k x;k gSA gky gh esa ubZ fnYyh esa tkjh gqbZ bl fjiksVZ esa Hkkjr ds lanHkZ esa dgk x;k gS fd ns'k esa jgus okys nfyrksa dh •kldj lsgr ds ekeys esa fLFkfr dkiQh xaHkhj gSA fjiksVZ ds eqrkfcd] Hkkjr esa nfyrksa ls brj vU; tkfr;ksa dh vkcknh esa 44 iQhlnh cPps de otuh gksrs gSa] tcfd mfpr •ku iku ugha feyus ds dkj.k nfyrksa ds 54 iQhlnh cPps de otuh gksrs gSaA vU; tkfr;ksa esa çfr gtkj f'k'kqvksa esa ls 68 dh ekSr gks tkrh gS] tcfd blds eqdkcys çfr gtkj nfyrksa esa ls 83 f'k'kq tUe ysrs gh ne rksM+ nsrs gSaA la;qÙkQ jk"Vª dh fjiksVZ dgrh gS fd nfyrksa ds gj ,d gtkj esa 11 cPpksa dh ikap o"kZ ;k mlls de mez esa gh ekSr gks tkrh gS] tcfd 'ks"k vkcknh esa ;g vkadM+k çfr gtkj 9 cPpksa dk gSA nfyrksa ds fy, vkj{k.k dk leFkZu djus okys laxBuksa ds fy, ;g fjiksVZ ,d vkSj etcwr lk{; gSA fjiksVZ esa dgk x;k gS fd Hkkjr esa nfyr ifjokjksa ds eqdkcys

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

gkf'k, ij nfyr efgyk,a

15

Åaph tkfr;ksa ds ifjokjksa esa oLrqvksa ds çfr ifjokj miHkksx esa gksus okyk O;; 42 iQhlnh T;knk gSA vFkZ'kkL=kh vkSj tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; dh vFkZ'kkL=k foHkkx dh çksiQslj t;arh ?kks"k us dgk fd fjiksVZ ds fu"d"kZ okdbZ fparktud gSa vkSj ge nfyrksa dks jkstxkj ds volj eqgS;k djk dj gh mudh leL;k,a nwj dj ldrs gSaA jk"Vªh; jkstxkj xkjaVh ;kstuk ujsxk ds tfj, ,d 'kq#vkr t:j gqbZ gSA blds rgr xzkeh.k {ks=kksa esa ftu yksxksa dks jkstxkj ds volj fey jgs gS]a muesa ,d oxZ nfyrksa dk Hkh gSA fiQj Hkh gesa vc Hkh yach nwjh r; djuh gSA mUgksaus dgk fd orZeku esa nfyrksa ds fy, ljdkjsa tks dj jgh gSa] og egt lkadsfrd gSA la;qÙkQ jk"Vª dh bl fjiksVZ esa Hkkjrh; nfyr efgykvksa dh fLFkfr ij fo'ks"k rkSj ij fpark trkbZ xbZ gSA blesa dgk x;k gS fd nfyr efgyk,a nksgjh fgalk dk f'kdkj gksrh gSaA muds lkFk gksus okyh fgalk esa 'kkjhfjd çrkM+uk] ;kSu mRihM+u] cykRdkj] tcju os';ko`fÙk] vigj.k] dU;kH:.k gR;k vkSj ?kjsyw fgalk 'kkfey gSaA Hkwfe

LokfeRo ds ekeys esa fupys rcds ds yksxksa dks csn•y dj fn;k tkrk gSA fupyh tkfr dh efgyk,a blfy, çHkkfor gksrh gSa D;ksafd mUgsa igys ls gkf'k, ij ekStwn vius leqnk; ds Hkhrj Hkh de vf/dkj çkIr gksrs gSaA ;gh dkj.k gS fd mudk •jkc vkfFkZd fLFkfr ls mcjuk viuh gh tkfr ds iq#"kksa ds eqdkcys eqf'dy gks tkrk gSA vkfFkZd fodkl ls tqM+s ekeyksa ds fy, la;qÙkQ jk"Vª ds lgk;d egklfpo tkseks Dokes lqanje dgrs gSa fd geus fupys rcdksa dh enn ds fy, ckaXykns'k esa lw{e ½.k (ekbØks ØsfMV) ds mnkgj.k ns•s gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd gekjk ;g lq>ko gS fd xjhc vkcknh tgka jg jgh gS] ml Hkw•Ma ds dqN fgLls dk mUgsa LokfeRo fn;k tk ldrk gSA blds ckn os ml Hkw•aM dks jsgu (ekVxst) j•dj dtZ ys ldrs gSaA gkykafd vlekurk fiQj Hkh cuh gh jgsxh tcrd fd laifÙk vf/dkj esa cjkcjh dk gd ugha fey tkrkA vHkh Hkh ns'k ds dbZ fgLlksa esa Ñf"k Hkwfe dks ysdj igkM+ tSlh xSjcjkcjh gSA


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk

16

efgyk vkanksyu dh jh<+&lkfo=hckbZ Qwys

@

jtuh fryd

mUuhloha 'krkCnh dh izkjEHk eas bZLV bafM;k dEiuh Hkkjr esa vius ikao tek pqdh FkhA ml le; Hkkjrh; ukxfjdksa dk thou vf'k{kk] vkfFkZd foiUurk vkSj lkaLÑfrd :i ls cgqr fiNM+k gqvk FkkA lkekftd dqjhfr;ka] lrh izFkk] cky&fookg] izFkk] nsonklh] NqvkNwr vius peZ f'k[kj ij FkhA fo/ok&fookg ij izfrca/ FkkA bu dqjhfr;kas dk iQk;nk mBkdj iqjksfgr&czkã.k /eZ&'kkL=kksa dk okLrk nsdj lekt esa vU;k; 'kks"k.k xSj cjkcjh dks cjdjkj j[kus esa lfØ; Fkk fo'ks"k rkSj ij 'kwæ vkSj L=kh lekt dk thou dky dksBjh tSlk FkkA vaxzstksa ds vkxeu ls Hkkjr ds lks, tuekul esa lqxcqxkgV iSnk gqbZA vaxzstksa dks vius 'kklu iz'kklu pykus ds fy, vaxzsth tkudkj deZpkfj;ksa dh t:jr iM+h vr% mUgksaus vaxzsth f'k{kk ds fo'ks"k izca/ fd,A vaxzsth f'k{kk ds vkjEHk ls Kku vkSj tkudkjh ds jkLrs [kqys x,A vaxzsth f'k{kk ds izHkko ls ns'k esa lkekftd lq/kj ykus gsrq lekt lq/ kjdksa ds iz;kl 'kq: gq,A bu lq/kjksa ds tkxj.k eas ukjh Hkh vNwrh u jg ldhA Hkkjr dh fL=k;ksa dh fLFkfr esa lq/kj o muesa tkxj.k ykus ds dk;Z esa vusd lekt lq/kjdksa esa ls ^lkfo=kh ckbZ iQqys* dk uke vxz.kh; gSA ge Hkkjr ds ukjh vkanksyu dks le>uk pkgrs gSa rks gesa lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys ds thou dks] muds dk;Z dks rRdkyhu lekt ds le{k j[kdj vkaduk pkfg,A lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys gekjs ns'k dh og igyh vkSjr Fkh tks ncs fiNM+s lekt esa iSnk gqbZA ukS o"kZ dh vYik;q esa fookg ds ckn ?kj x`gLFkh ds lkFk&lkFk dBksj ifjJe ls Lo;a i<+h vkSj xkao&xkao tkdj nhu ghu nq[kh nfyr vkSj fL=k;ksa ds fy, ikB'kkyk [kksysA lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys dk tUe rhu tuojh 1931 dks uk;xkao esa gqvkA ukS o"kZ dh vYik;q esa

^

vkt ge ukjhoknh vkanksyu vkSj lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys ds le; dh ukjh vkanksyu dh leh{kk djsa rks ik,axs fd orZeku eqíksa ij ukjh vkanksyu Bgj x;k gSAa os eqís rRdkyhu lekt esa lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys ds usrR` o esa ck[kwch yM+s x,A vkt egkuxjksa esa ngst] Hkz.w k&gR;k] ;kSu&'kks"k.k] cykRdkj xjhch ds bnZ&fxnZ ds eqíksa ij gh ukjh vkanksyu lfØ; gS] ysfdu ,d lkS ipkl o"kZ ds bfrgkl esa L=kh dk nks;e ntkZ iworZ % gSA

1940 esa mudk fookg egku ØkfUrdkjh T;ksfrck iqQys (rsjg o"kZ) ls gqvkA egkRek T;ksfrck iQqys muds thou esa f'k{kd cudj vk,A 1842 eas i<+us fy[kus dk izf'k{k.k mUgssa T;ksfrck iQqys ls gh feykA iwuk esa js tsEl fepsy dh iRuh ukjh f'k{kk dh i{k/j FkhA vr% ukeZy Ldwy }kjk lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys o mudh cM+h uun nksuksa dks vè;kfidk dk izf'k{k.k fn;k x;kA vaxzsth Kku gksus ds ckn lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys us 1874 esa Vkelu DykdZlu dh thouh i<+hA Vkelu DykdZlu uhxzks ij gq, tqYeksa ds fo:¼ yM+s Fks o dkuwu cukus esa liQy gq, FksA mudh thouh i<+dh lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys cgqr izHkkfor gqbAZ og Hkkjr ds uhxzksa (vNwr vkSj fL=k;ksa) dh xqykeh ds izfr fpfUrr FkhA mUgksaus Hkkjrh; xqykeksa ds 'kks"k.k dk eq[; dkj.k ^vf'k{kk* dks [kkstkA 1947 esa cq/okj isB (iwuk esa) igyk

*

Ldwy [kksyk x;k ftlesa lkfo=kh ckbZ iqqQys vè;kfidk gqbZA muds f'kf{kdk cuus ij lekt esa iz[kj fojks/ gqvkA mUgsa /eZ dks Mqckus okyh ,oa v'yhy xkfy;ka nsdj mudk vieku fd;k tkrkA xkyh&xykSp] iRFkj xkscj iQsadus ij Hkh lkfo=kh ckbZ iQqys us tc viuk dke can ugha fd;k rks mu ij muds llqj }kjk ncko Myok;k x;k fd ;fn lkfo=kh ckbZ iQqys us vNwrksa dks i<+kuk can ugha fd;k rks mudh c;kfyl ihf<+;k ujd esa tk,xhaA ncko ds ckotwn iqQys nEifr us 'kwæks&vfr'kwæks vkSj vkSjrksa ds chp f'k{kk dh T;ksfr tykdj xqykeh ls eqfDr dh jkg fn[kkbZA xkao&xkao esa tkdj fo|ky; [kksyA ,d vkSj mQaph tkfr;ksa esa cky&fookg ls gqbZ fo/ok,a cykRdkj dh f'kdkj gksrh] Hkzw.k gR;k djrh ;k Lo;a vkRegR;k dj ysrh rks nwljh vksj vNwr vkSjrsa ,d cawn ikuh ds fy,


vkoj.k dFkk thou i'kq leku FkkA vNwr efgyk,a crZu ysdj ?kaVksa n;k dh Hkh[k ekaxrh Fkh] cnys esa FkksM+k lk ihus ds ikuh feyrkA rc lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys us 1867 esa vius ?kj dk gkSt vNwrksa ds fy, [kksy fn;k FkkA ysbZl flrEcj 1883 esa ^^lR;'kks/d lekt** dh LFkkiuk dj lSdM+ksa fookg lk/kj.k rjhds ls fcuk iSlk [kpZ fd, djk,A 1885 ls 1888 rd egkjk"Vª esa vdky ihfM+r yksxksa dh enn ds fy, ljdkj ij ncko Mkydj fjyhiQ dsUæ 'kq: djok,A lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys nEifr dks viuk dksbZ cPPkk ugha FkkA vr% mUgksaus ,d fo/ok ls gq, cPPks dks xksn ysdj i<+k;k&fy[kk;k o mls MkDVj ds :i esa vius tSlk vPNk balku cuk;kA thou ds vfUre fnuksa esa iw.kZ esa Iysx ds izdksi ls vNwr cfLr;ksa esa yksxksa dh lsok djrh gqbZ fuokZ.k dks izkIr gqbZA vkt ls ,d lkS ipkl o"kZ igys lekt esa va/fo'okl dqjhfr&:f<+ ijEijkvksa ds fo:¼ f'k{kk] Kku] lerk vkSj ukjh lekurk ds fy, yM+us okyh Hkkjr dh igyh f'kf{kdk lekt lq/kjus okyh igyh ØkfUrdkjh ukjh eqfDr vkanksyu dh igyh usrk dks bfrgkl us] ehfM;k us ;gka rd dh orZeku ukjh eqfDr vkanksyu dh vxz.kh usrkvksa us muds thou] muds ;ksxnku dks ugha igpkukA ;gka rd fd gekjh ljdkj us izkS< f'k{kk] vè;kid izf'k{k.k ljdkjh ikB;Øe esa mudk ukeksafu'kka rd ugha j[kkA muds uke ds u rks dksbZ laLFkku gS]a u fo|ky;] u fo'ofo|ky;A bfrgkl esa ,slh ukjh dks Hkqyk fn;k ftldk thou Lo;a ,d ;qx cks/ gSaA vkt ge ukjhoknh vkanksyu vkSj lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys ds le; dh ukjh vkanksyu dh leh{kk djsa rks ik,axs fd orZeku eqíksa ij ukjh vkanksyu Bgj x;k gSaA os eqís rRdkyhu lekt esa lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys ds usr`Ro esa ck[kwch yM+s x,A vkt egkuxjksa esa ngst] Hkzw.k&gR;k] ;kSu&'kks"k.k] cykRdkj xjhch ds bnZ&fxnZ ds eqíksa ij gh ukjh vkanksyu lfØ; gS] ysfdu ,d lkS ipkl o"kZ ds bfrgkl esa L=kh dk nks;e ntkZ iwoZr% gSA 'kgjhdj.k ds pyrs o iwathokn ds fodkl us vkSjrksa dks ?kj ls ckgj fudyus dk volj t:j fn;k gS] ij eksVs rkSj ij mldh fLFkfr ugha cnyh gSA

lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys us lekt ds Hkhrjh <kaps esa Nsn fd;kA mUgksaus fir`lÙkkRed lekt dk ewy lzkrs czkã.kokn esa <w<a k] mUgksua s czkã.kokn ls yM+us dk gy f'k{kk vkSj lekt ds <kaps esa ifjorZu dks ekukA mudh dk;Z'kSyh esa lknxh FkhA os lknk thou] oj&cgq i{k dks ,df=kr dj czkã.kh vkMEcjh dks NksM+ fookg djus dh izsj.kk nsrh o djkrhA lkaaLÑfr ds dk;ZØeksa ls HkkV o czkã.kksa dk inkZiQk'k djrhA cky&fo/ okvksa ds ds'k dkV nsus ij os ukbZ;ksa ds ikl xbZ] muls ckrphr dh fd os ;s dke vius gkFkksa ls u djsaA muds le>kus ls iwjs lekt us mudh ckr ekuhA muds dke dks tgka mPp tkrh; o.kZ dk fojks.k feyk ogka fupys lekt dk [kqydj lkFk feykA vkt ds ukjh vkanksyu dk ge xgu vè;;u djas rks ik,axs fd mudh lHkkvksa esa Lye&>qXxh&>ksiM+h fd vkSjrksa t:j fn[ksaxh ysfdu muds eqíksa esa xjhch] vkokl] vko';d ukxfjd lqfo/k,a] f'k{kk] 'kkSpky;] LokLF; bR;kfn ds lokyksa ij vkanksyu dk :[k misf{kr gSA laxBuksa ds rkSj rjhds] jgu&lgu o cSBdksa ls iw.kZ lqfo/k oxZ dh >yd feyrhA bu vkanksyu ds izfr ,dkaxh lekt dk iwokZxzg gS rks laxBuksa dk rkSj rjhdk Hkh lekt ls dVk gqvk gSA lkfo=kh ckbZ iQqys dk dke oxZ vkSj tkfrfoghu utj vkrk gSA mudk lc dqN vkanksyu ds fy, Fkk] vkSj og vkanksyu ds fy,A 180 o"kZ iwoZ tc NqvkNwr] ukjh fojks/ viuh peZ lhek ij Fkk mUgksaus vius thou dk izR;sd {k.k] ?kj ds lc lk/u vNwr o efgykvksa ds fy, lefiZr dj fn,A lUrku u gksus ij fo/ok ds iq=k dks xksn fy;kA ifr ds nsgkar ij Lo;a fØ;k esa 'kkfey gqbZ vkSj var esa nl ekpZ 1998 dks Iysx ls ihfM+r vNwrksa dh lsok djrs gq, ifjfuokZ.k dks izkIr gqbZA bl le; esa Hkh bruh egku ØkfUrdkjh tuukf;dk <wa<us ls Hkh ugha feysxhA lkfo=kh ckbZ iQqys Hkkjr dh izFke ØkfUrdkjh efgyk usrk o f'kf{kdk ftlds thou us dksfV&dkssfV vkSjrksa dks f'k{kk dk ekxZ fn[kk;kA og okLro esa ukjh vkanksyu dh jh<+ FkhA (jtuh fryd }kjk laikfnr MkW-vEcsMdj vkSj efgyk vkanksyu uked fdrkc ls lkHkkj)

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

Hkh lo.kks± dh n;k ij thrhaA ,sls dfBu nkSj esa lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys us lHkh pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk fd;kA ,d fnu tc lkfo=kh ckbZ iQqys cPpksa dks i<+kus ikB'kkyk tk jgh Fkh rks mUgksua s ns[kk jkLrs esa dqa, ds ikl dqN vkSjrsa iQVs&iqjkus diM+s igudj lo.kZ vkSjrksa ls feUursa dj jgh gSAa ^^gesa ekj yks] ihV yks] gekjh ekj ekj dj [kky m/sM+ yks] ijUrq gesa nks yksVs ikuh ns nksA** fpyfpykrh /wi esa dqa, ls nwj [kM+h bu vkSjrksa dks ns[kdj mQaph tkr dh vkSjrsa gal jgh Fkha vkSj galrs&galrs Mksy Hkjdj ikuh muds mQij iQsad nsrhA lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys ;g n`'; lgu u dj ldhaA os mu vNwr vkSjrksa ds ikl xbZ vkSj mUgsa vius ?kj fyok ykb±A viuk rkykc fn[kkrs gq, cksyh] ^^ftruk pkgs ikuh Hkj yks] vkt ls ;g rkykc rqe lcds fy, gSaA** dgrs gq, mUgksaus viuk rkykc vLi`';ksa ds fy, [kksy fn;kA varr% llqj }kjk f'k{kk dk ekxZ u NksM+us ij mUgsa vius ifr ds lkFk ?kj ls fudky fn;k x;kA 1947 esa ,d rjiQ baXySaM esa L=kh f'k{kk dh ekax gks jgh Fkh rks nwljh vksj izQkal esa ekuo vf/dkj ds fy, la?k"kZ py jgk FkkA Hkkjr esa lkfo=kh ckbZ iqQys vkSj T;ksfrck iQqys us 'kwæksa vfr'kwæksa o L=kh f'k{kk dh uhao /j u, ;qx dk lw=kikr fd;kA 1947 esa iwuk esa mLeku 'ks[k ds ;gka mUgksaus izh<+ f'k{kk vkjaHk dhA 1949 esa gh iwuk] lrkjk] o vgenuxj ftys esa vU; ikB'kkyk [kksyhA fo|ky; [kksyus ds lkFk gh lkfo=kh ckbZ iQqys us eglwl fd;k fd fL=k;ksa dh fLFkfr lq/kjus ds fy, fL=k;ksa dks laxfBr djuk pkfg,A 1952 esa ^efgyk eaMy* dk xBu fd;k vkSj cky&fookg ds rgr gqbZ fo/okvksa ds lkFk gks jgs tqYe o 'kkjhfjd 'kks"k.k dk fojks/ fd;kA fL=k;ksa ds cky dkVus ds fo:¼ ukb;ksa ls vuqjks/ fd;k rFkk blesa liQyrk gkfly dhA ^Hkzw.k gR;k* cky&gR;k* gsrq fo/ok ekavksa dks 'kj.k nsuk vkSj muds fy, 1952 esa cky&gR;k izfrca/d x`g dh LFkkuk dhA 1964 esa vukFkkJe dh LFkkiuk dhA NwvkNwr ml le; cgqr T;knk FkhA 'kwæ lkekftd thou ls dsoy cfg"Ñr gh ugha Fkk] izrkfMr Hkh fd;k tkrk FkkA mldk [kkuk&ihuk] jguk lc nwljksa dh n;k ij Fkk

17


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk

MkW- vEcsMdj dk Hkkjrh; ukjh mRFkku esa ;ksxnku

^

ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj tkurs Fks fd nfyrkas dh fLFkfr esa lq/kj ds fy, nfyr lekt dh fL=k;ka vkf/d egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk vnk dj ldrh gSA 20 ekpZ 1927 dks egkM+ eas vkbZ gqbZ fL=k;ksa dks lacksf/r djrs gq, MkWvEcsMdj us dgk&^^dHkh er lkspks fd rqe vNwr gksA lkiQ&lq/jh jgksA ftl rjg ds diM+s lo.kZ fL=k;ka igurh gS] rqe Hkh iguksA ;g ns[kh fd os lkiQ gSAa

18

@

MkW- rkjk ijekj

fganw lekt esa vNwr ds lkFk vR;kpkj bl dkj.k gksrk FkkA fd og fuEu oxZ ds gSa] ijarq Hkkjrh; ukjh ds lkFk gj oxZ] gj o.kZ esa gksus okys vR;kpkj dks ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us vuqHko fd;k FkkA euqLe`fr vNwrksa rFkk fL=k;ksa nksuksa ds izfr leku frjLdkj dks iznf'kZr djrh gSA euq us L=kh dks xqyke dh Js.kh rd inkuor dj fn;k] ftlesa ckSf¼d {kerk ugha gSA vr% mUgsa f'k{kk izkIr djus dk rFkk laifÙk lac/a h dksbZ vf/dkj ugha fn;k tk ldrk gSA fgUnw lekt ds ,sls ijaijkxr fo/ku ij dBksj izgkj djus ds fy, MkW- vEcsMdj us 1920 esa ^^ewd uk;d** uked i=k dk izdk'ku vkjaHk fd;kA bl i=k ds ekè;e ls mUgksua s tkfrizFkk esa fufgr vk/ kjHkwr vU;k; ds fo:¼ vius fopkj O;Dr fd,A 1924 esa ^^cfg"Ñr fgrdkfj.kh lHkk* xfBr dh ftldk izeq[k mís';&vNwrksa esa f'k{kk dks c<+kuk] muds vkfFkZd Lrj dks mQapk mBkuk rFkk bl oxZ dh dfBukb;ksa ,oa f'kdk;rksa ds izfr&'kklu dk è;ku vkdf"kZr djuk FkkA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj tkurs Fks fd nfyrkas dh fLFkfr esa lq/kj ds fy, nfyr lekt dh fL=k;ka vkf/d egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk vnk dj ldrh gSA 20 ekpZ 1927 dks egkM+ eas vkbZ gqbZ fL=k;ksa dks lacksf/r djrs gq, MkW- vEcsMdj us dgk&^^dHkh er lkspks fd rqe vNwr gksA lkiQ&lq/jh jgksA ftl

rjg ds diM+s lo.kZ fL=k;ka igurh gS] rqe Hkh iguksA ;g ns[kh fd os lkiQ gSAa ** mUgksua s vkxs dgk&^^;fn rqEgkjs ifr vkSj yM+ds 'kjkc ihrs gSa rks mUgsa [kkuk er nksA vius cPpksa dks Ldwy HkstksA f'k{kk ftruh egkiq:"kksa ds fy, t:jh gS mruh gh fL=k;ksa ds fy, Hkh vko';d gSA ;fn rqe fy[kuk&i<+uk tku tkvks] rks cgqr mUufr gksxh] tSlh rqe gksxh] oSls gh rqEgkjs cPps cusxa As vPNs dk;ks± dh vksj viuk thou eksM+ nksA rqEgkjs cPps bl lalkj esa pedrs gq, gksaA** mUgksaus bl fl¼kar dh Hkh vkykspuk dh fd euq"; dks bl lalkj esa tUe ds vk/kj ij iwoZ deks± ds vuqlkj lc dqN izkIr gksrk gSA mUgksua s dgk fd &^^gesa deZ fl¼kar dks R;kx nsuk pkfg,A ;g Hkh xyr gS fd ekrk&firk cPps dks dsoy tUe gh nsrs gS]a Hkfo"; ughaA ekrk&firk vius cPpksa dk HkfOk"; cuk ldrs gSaA ;fn ge bl fl¼kar ij pyus yxs iM+s rks ge vfr'kh?kz 'kqHk fnu ns[k ldrs gSa vkSj ;fn ge yM+dksa ds lkFk&lkFk yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk dh vksj Hkh è;ku nsus yxsa rks ge vkSj Hkh 'kh?kz izxfr dj ldrs gSaA blfy, vkidk fe'ku gS fd tks Hkh vkids vM+ksl&iM+ksl gSa] mUgsa ;g le>kuk gksuk pkfg, fd fo|k i<+k]s fo}ku cuksA** bl izdkj ds ØkfUrdkjh vkSj izxfr'khy fopkj Fks MkW- vEcsMdj ds] tcfd mudh vk;q rsblZ o"kZ ds yxHkx FkhA fo|kFkhZ thou esa gh mUgksua s deZ&fl¼kar tSls th.kZ&'kh.kZ fl¼kar dh dVq vkykspuk djuh vkjaHk dj nh FkhA ;gh rks og

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lkjghu fl¼kar gS ftlus Hkkjr ds djksMk+ as yksxksa dks vikfgt] fuf"d;] lkglghu o ijo'k cuk j[kk gSAa fdlh dh bTtr ywVh tk,] og bZ'oj dh yhyk ekudj ekSu gks tkrk gSA dksbZ Hkw[kk vkSj fcuk mipkj ds gh fcu vkbZ ekSr ej tk,] mlds lac/a h Hkh cl ;gh dgdj Lo;a lkaRouk ns ysrs gSa fd ,slh nqn'Z kk mlds iwoZ deks± dk gh iQy gSA djksMk+ as Hkkjrh; va/ kuqdj.k ds f'kdkj gSaA ;gh dkj.k gS fd mudk thou nq[k&nSU; ls Hkjk gSA D;k dHkh fdlh fu/Zu esgurh O;fDr us ;g Hkh lkspk gS fd mRihM+u] vR;kpkj muds HkkX; esa fy[kk gS\ ;k mldh bl fn'kk ds fy, dksbZ vkSj tokcnkj gSA ifj;kgksa ij gksus okys vR;kpkjksa ds Þn; fonkjd ls MkW- vEcsMdj dk Þn; æfor gks x;kA ogka ds L=kh&iq:"kksa dh n;uh; fLFkfr ns[kdj ckck lkgsc us Hkkjr ds bl nf{k.kh Hkkx ls gh viuk vkanksyu rhoz djus dk fu'p; fd;kA nhu&ghu vNwrksa dh ogk¡ ,d lHkk gqbZ ftlesa Hkkjh la[;k esa L=kh&iq:"k ,df=kr gq,A ckck lkgsc us mUgsa e`ri'kqvksa dk ekal [kkus ds fy, le>k;k vkSj ifj.kkeLo:i ifj;kgksa us ekal [kkuk NksM+ fn;kA blds ckn mUgksaus ifj;kg] fL=k;ksa dh ,d lHkk cqykbZ vkSj vius Hkk"k.k esa mUgsas le>k;k Fkk fd ^^rqEgkjs xkao esa czkã.k pkgs fdruk gh fu/Zu D;ksa u gks] vius cPps dks i<+krk gSA mldk cPpk i<+rs&i<+rs fMIVh dysDVj cu tkrk gSA rqe ,slk D;ksa ugha djrh\ rqe vius cPpksa dks i<+us D;ksa ugha


vkoj.k dFkk vEcsMdj us Li"V dgk Fkk fd fgUnw lekt pkgs rks dqN viuk ys] og viuh lkekftd lajpuk dks dHkh Hkh ugha NksM+ ldsxkA blds varxZr 'kwæksa dh rFkk mRFkku ds fy, dkuwu dk lgkjk ysuk gh iM+xs kA ^Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dh izLrkouk esa geus Lora=krk] lekurk rFkk ca/Rq o dh ppkZ dh gS ijarq fookg dk laLdkfjd fopkj D;k gS\ iq:"k ds fy;s fo/qj fookg dh vuqefr nsuk gS rFkk L=kh vius ifr ls fdlh Hkh fLFkfr esa Lora=k ugha gks ldrh gS] pkgs ifr fdruk gh fu"Ñ"V] [kjkc vFkok vokaNuh; gh D;kas u gksA vr% bUgha lc dkj.kksa ls efgyk ds j{kd ds :i esa dkuwu dks vkuk gh iM+xs kA* muds }kjk ukjh mRFkku gsrq fgUnw dksMZ fcy rFkk lafo/ku esa fd;s x;s izko/ku dks fuEufyf[krkuqlkj le>k tk ldrk& lafo/ku dk vuqPNsn 14 crkrk gS fd Hkkjr {ks=k essa fdlh Hkh O;fDr dks fof/ ds le{k lerk ls vFkok fof/;ksa ds leku laj{k.k ls oafpr ugha fd;k tk,xkA vuqPNsn 15 (1) ;g crkrk gS fd jkT; dsoy /eZ] ewyoa'k] tkfr] fyax vFkok tUe LFkku ds vk/kj ij fdlh ukxfjd ds fo:¼ vlekurk dk O;ogkj ugha djsxkA vuqPNsn 16 (1) vkSj 16 (2)ds rgr vkerkSj ls HksnHkko dks euk fd;k x;k gS vkSj jkT;k/hu ukSdfj;ksa o inksa ij fu;qfDr ds laca/ esa fyax ds vk/kj ij HksnHkko djuk euk fd;k x;k gSA bl laca/ esa lafo/ku ds vuqPNsn 15 (3) ds rgr bl ckr dks fo'ks"k :i ls crk;k x;k gS fd jkT;ksa dks efgykvksa ds ykHkkFkZ fo'ks"k cukus dh LohÑfr gSA lafo/ku dk vuqPNsn 39 (v) ;g crk;k gS fd jkT; fo'ks"k :i ls viuh uhfr;k¡ bl izdkj cuk,xk fd izR;ssd iq:"k o efgyk leku :i ls og lqfuf'pr dj lds fd mUgsa thfodksiktZu dk i;kZIr lk/u miyC/ gksA lafo/ku ds vuqPNsn 39 (c) ds vuqlkj ;g crk;k x;k gS fd jkT; dh uhfr;ksa dk funsZ'ku bl izdkj ls gksxk ftlls fd iq:"k o efgykvksa dks leku dk;Z ds fy, leku osru feysxkA lafo/ku dk vuqPNsn 39 (l) ;g crk;k gS fd jkT; dks iq:"k o efgyk etnwjksa ds LokLF; o 'kfDr dh lqj{kk djuh pkfg,A lafo/ku dk vUkqPNsn 51 v (bZ) bl ckr dks crkrk gS fd Hkkjr ds izR;sd ukxfjd dk ;g iquhr dÙkZO; gksxk fd og mu izFkkvksa dk ifjR;kx djs tks efgykvksa ds lEeku ds fo:¼ gSA vuqPNsn 23 ls 24 'kks"k.k ds fo:¼ vf/dkj

ds varxZr fdlh Hkh euq"; dh [kjhnh fcØh ugha dh tk ldrhA blls efgykvksa dh [kjhnh&fcØh can gks xbZA fgUnw fookg vf/fu;e 1955 ds iwoZ tkfr lerk ,d tk;t fookg ds fy, vfuok;Z FkkA mlesa le; izfryksx fookg (fuEuoxZ dk iq:"k vkSj mPp oxZ dh L=kh) oftZr FkkA blds foijhr vuqykse fookg (mPpoXkZ dk iq:"k vkSj fuEu oxZ dh L=kh) dks ekU;rk izkIr FkhA ckn esa fgUnw fookg vf/fu;e 1955 us lkjs erHksnksa dks lekIr dj fn;kA U;kf;d i`FkDdj.k /kjk 10 fookg lekfIr] rykd dk mica/ djrk gSA eqdn~es ds nkSjku xqtkjs ds fy, rFkk eqdn~es esa [kpZ ds fy, /kjk 24 Hkk;kZ dks [kpZ nsus dh ckr r; djrh gS] ;fn mldh vkenuh dk i;kZIr Lora=k lk/u ugha gSA lu~ 1956 esa fgUnw mÙkjkf/dkj vf/fu;e ds varxZr igyh ckj firk dh LovftZr rFkk iSr`d tk;nkn esa yM+dh dks Hkh fgLlk izkIr djus dk vf/dkj iznku fd;k x;kA /kjk 23 L=kh mÙkjkf/ dkfj.kh dks mldh bPNk ij ifjokj ds vkokl&x`g esa fuokl djus dk vf/dkj iznku fd;k x;k gS] ;fn og vfookfgr] fookfgr ijarq ifjR;Drk ;k fo/ok gSA ;g ,DV fgUnw L=kh dk lEifÙk ds vo/ kj.kk ds fy, fuEukuqlkj fu;e fu/kZfjr djrk gS& bl vf/fu;e dh /kjk 14 ;g micaf/r djrh gS fd ftruh laifÙk ,d L=kh ds dCts esa gksrh gS pkgs og dCtkÑr laifÙk bl vf/fu;e ds iwoZ dh gks ;k ckn dh gks ^^L=kh/u** dgykrk gSA bl /u ij L=kh dk iw.kZ vf/dkj gksrk gSA fgUnw nÙkd x`g.k ,oa Hkj.k iks"k.k vf/fu;e 1956 dh /kjk 18 ;g fu/kZfjr djrh gS fd ,d fgUnw iRuh pkgs mldk fookg bl vf/fu;e ds iwoZ gqvk gks ;k ckn esa vius thoudky rd vius ifr }kjk Hkj.k&iks"k.k IkzkIr djus dh vf/dkfj.kh gSA U;k;ky; dh vuqefr ls efgyk laxBu fdlh vlarks"ktud iQSlys ds fo:¼ U;k;ky; esa vihy dj ldrh gSA ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj us Hkkjrh; ukjh esa vkRelEeku] vkRefuHkZjrk vkSj vkRefo'okl dk lapkj fd;k muds ^^vÙk nhiksHko** vkSj ^^f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr jgks vkSj la?k"kZ djks** ds lw=k okD; ds vkyksd esa og izR;sd {ks=k esa vius >aMs xkM+rh jgsxhA Hkorq lCc eaxye~A (jtuh fryd }kjk laikfnr MkW-vEcsMdj vkSj efgyk vkanksyu uked fdrkc ls lkHkkj)

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

Hkstrh\ D;k rqe pkgrh gks fd rqEgkjh cPps lnSo e`r i'kqvksa dk ekal [kkrs jgs\ nwljksa dh >wBu cVksjdj pkVrs jgs\** ;g lHkk jkr es gqbZ Fkh ftlesa MkW- vEcsMdj yxHkx pkj ?kaVs rd cksys FksA bl izdkj mUgksaus nfyr lekt dh fL=k;ksa dks vkRe lEeku dk ikB fl[kk;kA mUgsa lpsr fd;k fd os vius ekuoh; vf/dkjksa dks Lo;a igpkus vkSj fujarj muds fy;s la?k"kZ djsAa egkM+ ty lR;kx`g ds le; vk;ksftr dkUizQlas esa vius vè;{kh; Hkk"k.k esa mUgksua s nfyrksa dks le>k;k ^^,slk dke djks ftlls rqEgkjs cky cPps rqe ls vf/d vPNh fLFkfr esa jgsA ;fn vki ,slk dj ldus esa vleFkZ jgksxs rks vkneh ds ekrk&firk vkSj i'kq ds uj&eknk gksus esa dksbZ varj ugha jgsxkA--- Lora=krk fdlh dks migkj ds :i esa ugha feyrhA mlds fy, la?k"kZ fd;k tkrk gSA vkRe&mRFkku vU; yksxksa ds vk'khokZn ls ugha gksrk cfYd vius gh iz;Ruks]a la?k"kZ rFkk ifjJe ls gksrk gSA** bl izdkj MkW- vEcsMdj us lfn;ksa ls lks;s nfyrksa dks muds vf/dkj ds izfr lpsr fd;kA mUgksaus izsj.kk Hkjs 'kCnksa esa dgk&tc rd ge rhu izdkj ds lq/kj ugha dj ysrs fdlh LFkk;h mUufr dh vk'kk ugha dh tk ldrhA gesa vius fopkjksa dks lqlla Ñr djuk pkfg,A gekjh vkokt esa 'kfDr gks] gekjh ckr esa otu gksuk pkfg, gekjh mUufr rHkh gks ldrh gS] ;fn ge vius esa LokfHkeku dh Hkkouk mRiUu djsa vkSj ge Lo;a dks igpkusAa ekuo lH;rk ds bfrgkl esa ukjh vfLerk] mlds leku vf/dkj vkSj Lora=krk dk iz'u lnk ls gh my>uiw.kZ jgk gSA efgyk dks ysdj ftruh Hkh O;oLFkk,a cuha muesa mls izk;% nks;e ntsZ dk LFkku gh fn;k x;k gSaA efgyk,a nfyrksa esa Hkh nfyr ekuh xbZ gSA blds fy;s gekjh lkekftd O;oLFkk vkSj iq:"k iz/ku lekt dh lksp iw.kZr% mÙkjnk;h gSA ns'k dh varfje ljdkj esa vius dkuwuea=khRo ds nkSjku MkW- vEcsMdj us fgUnw dksM fcy cukdj izLrqr fd;kA ,d vFkZ esa ;g dk;Z lafo/ku fuekZ.k ds dk;Z ls Hkh vf/d egRoiw.kZ FkkA ch- dkeFk us fgUnw dksM fcy dh Hkkouk dh iz'kalk djrs gq, dgk fd bls ^Hkhe Le`fr* uke fn;k tkuk pkfg;sA ,d vksj MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk izLrqr dksM fcy dh O;kid ljkguk dh xbZ] ogha nwljh vksj mldh O;kid vkykspuk dh xbZ rFkk blh lanHkZ esa fgUnw egklHkk ds usrk MkW- ,l-ds- eq[kthZ us dgk fd fgUnw lekt izxfr'khy gS rFkk mlus vius fojksf/;ksa ds n`f"Vdks.k dks Hkh viuk;k gSA bl fVIi.kh ij MkW-

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cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

vkoj.k dFkk % 8 ekpZ vUrjkZ"Vªh; efgyk fnol

efgykvksa dk lkewfgd] lkoZtfud vkSj tq>k: la?k"kZ

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eqn~nk vk/kfjr vkUnksyuksa dk viuk fof'k"V xfrfoKku gksrk gSA fdlh Hkh eqn~ns dks dsUæ esa j[k dj fujUrj vkUnksyu dh fLFkfr cuk;s j[kuk eqf'dy gksrk gSA vkUnksyu vxj vojksg dh fLFkfr esa x;k rks mldk vFkZ ;g ugha gksrk fd og eqn~nk gy gks x;kA

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ljuke flag

tc U;w;kWdZ ds diM+k m|ksx dh gtkjksa vkSjrsa csgrj etnwjh] dke dh csgrj ifjfLFkfr;ka vkSj efgykvksa ds fy, leku vf/dkj dh ekaxksa ds lkFk&ekpZ 1857 esa lM+dksa ij mrjha] rc muds vkUnksyu dks dqpyus ds fy, iqfyl ,oa lqj{kkcyksa dks cqykuk iM+k FkkA gkykafd muds mRihM+dksa dks bl ckr dk fcYdqy vUnktk ugha jgk gksxk fd bu efgykvksa us foæksg dk tks fcxqy iQwadk gS mldh vuqxwat bfrgkl esa ckj&ckj lqukbZ nsxh vkSj nqfu;k Hkj dh djksM+ksa efgykvksa ,oe vU; dkexkjksa dks ,d csgrj nqfu;k cukus ds fy, la?k"kZ gsrq izsj.kk nsrh jgsaxhA teZuh dh e'kgwj VsªM ;wfu;u us=kh Dykjk tsVfdu us efgyk dkexkjksa dh bl gM+rky ds ,sfrgkfld egRo dks igpkuk vkSj ;g Hkh tkuk fd ;g fnu fdl rjg vkusokyh ihf<+;ksa dks 'kks"k.k ds f[kykiQ la?k"kZ dh izsj.kk nsrk jgsxkA vxLr 1907 esa lektoknh efgykvksa ds ,d lEesyu esa&ftldk vk;kstu teZuh esa izLrkfor efgykvksa ds nwljs vUrjjk"Vªh; lEesyu ds igys fd;k x;k Fkk& blesa Dykjk tsVfdu us ;g izLrko j[kk fd Jfed efgykvksa ,oe efgyk vf/dkjksa dh ekax dks cqyUn djus ds fy, gj lky bl fnu dks O;kid izn'kZuksa dk vk;kstu fd;k tk,A U;w;kWdZ ds ,sfrgkfld la?k"kZ ds ipkl lky ckn ekpZ 1908 esa U;w;kWdZ dh lM+dsa gtkjksa efgyk lqbZ@fuMy dkexkjksa ds lSykc ls Hkjh Fkh ftUgksaus vius 'kks"k.k dks pqipki lgrs jgus ls bUdkj fd;k

FkkA ipkl lky igys ds efgyk dkexkjksa ds tq>k: la?k"kZ dks ;kn djrs gq, mUgksaus U;w;kWdZ dh lM+dksa ij jSyh fudky dj ckr Je] dke dh [krjukd ifjfLFkfr;ka vkSj efgykvksa ds fy, erkf/dkj dh ekax dhA bl ckj Hkh iqfyl dh Hkkjh rknkn efgykvksa ds mxz tqywl ds neu ds fy, lM+dksa ij FkhA ekfydks]a iqfyl vkSj vnkyrksa ds gLr{ksi us efgyk dkexkjksa ds gM+rky dks ckn esa rksM+us esa liQyrk gkfly dh] ysfdu efgyk dkexkjksa dh laxfBr 'kfDr dk lekt ij vR;f/ d izHkko iM+kA o"kZ 1910 dks dkexkj efgykvksa ds f}rh; vUrjjk"Vªh; lEesyu esa Dykjk tsVfdu us ;g izLrko j[kk fd gesa vUrjjk"Vªh; dkexkj efgyk fnol eukuk pkfg,A lEesyu esa ;g r; fd;k x;k fd gj lky] gj ns'k esa os ,d gh fnu ^^efgykvksa ds fnu** ds rkSj ij euk,axs ftldk dsUæh; ukjk gksxk ^^efgykvksa ds fy, oksV dk vf/dkj lektokn ds gekjs la?k"kZ dks etcwrh iznku djsxkA** bl f}rh; vUrjjk"Vªh; lEesyu esa Hkkx ys jgh l=kg ns'kksa ls vk;h lkS efgyk izfrfuf/;ksa us&tks ;wfu;uksa] lks'kkfyLV ikfVZ;ksa] efgyk dkexkjksa ds laxBuksa vkfn ls tqM+h Fkh &,der ls bl izLrko dks ikfjr fd;kA vUrZjk"Vªh; efgyk fnol igyh niQk (19 ekpZ 1911) vkfLVª;k] MsuekdZ] teZuh vkSj fLoR>ys.Z M esa euk;k x;k ftlesa nl yk[k ls vf/d fL=k;ksa vkSj iq:"kksa us Hkkx fy;kA erkf/dkj vkSj lkoZtfud inksa ij vf/dkj dh ekax ds lkFk

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mUgksaus dke ds vf/dkj] O;kolkf;d izf'k{k.k vkSj dk;ZLFky ls HksnHkko ls eqfDr dh ekax dhA teZu lks'kfyLV efgykvksa us bl fnu dks blfy, pquk D;ksafd 1848 esa tc izf'k;k ds jktk ds f[kykiQ gfFk;kjcUn cxkor gqbZ Fkh] rc mlus reke lq/kjksa dk ,syku fd;k Fkk] ftlesa vHkh rd v/wjh efgykvksa ds erkf/dkj dh ekax Hkh 'kkfey FkhA :lh ØkfUrdkjh vkSj ukjhoknh] ,ysD>kUæk dksyksUrkbZ] tks mu fnuksa teZuh esa Fkha] mUgksaus bl fnol ds vk;kstu esa lgk;rk iznku dhA mUgksaus ckn esa fy[kk % bldh dke;kch vHkwriwoZ FkhA dkexkj efgykvksa ds fnol ij teZuh vkSj vkWfLVª;k dh lM+dksa ij rks efgykvksa ds lSykc gh fn[k jgs FksA reke LFkkuksa ij cSBdksa] lHkkvksa dk Hkh vk;kstu gqvk&blesa ls NksVs dLcs vkSj xkao Hkh 'kkfey FksA dbZ ckj ,slk Hkh gqvk fd vk;kstdksa dks iq:"k dkexkjksa dks ;g dguk iM+k fd os efgyk dkexkjksa ds fy, viuh lhV [kkyh dj nsA o"kZ 1913 ls vUrjjk"Vªh; efgyk fnol ds 8 ekpZ euk;k tkus yxk vkSj mls dkexkj efgykvksa dh la?k"kZ'khyrk dk izrhd le>k x;kA vkt ds le; esa ge ns[krs gSa fd vUrjjk"Vªh; efgyk fnol dk ^eq[;/kjkdj.k* gks pqdk gSA ukjhokfn;ksa ls ysdj jk"Vªh; ljdkjksa rd] la;qDr jk"Vªla?k ls ysdj xzhfVax dkMZ dEifu;ksa rd lHkh }kjk mldks Lohdkjk x;k gSA ;g ,d vPNh ckr gS fd vkB ekpZ dks gj lky cM+s iSekus ij euk;k tkus yxk gS] ogha gesa mlds ØkfUrdkjh bfrgkl vkSj lEHkkouk ij ges'kk tksj


vkoj.k dFkk % 8 ekpZ vUrjkZ"Vªh; efgyk fnol vkUnksyu dqN eqn~nksa dks ysdj pyrk gSA eku ysa fd fdlku vkUnksyu tks [ksrh dh leL;k dks ysdj [kM+k gks ;k csgrj ykxr ewY;ksa dks ysdj [kM+k gks] bl vkUnksyu dks ;g lkspuk iM+sxk fd vfUre rkSj ij og bl vkUnksyu ls D;k gkfly djuk pkgrk gSA ;fn gkykr esa csgrjh dgk tk,xk rks ;g csgrjh lektlkis{k gksrh gS ;kfu le; cnyus ds lkFk csgrjh dh ifjHkk"kk cny tk,xhA fdlku vkUnksyu dks ;g Hkh lkspuk iM+xs k fd D;k os lHkh fdlkuksa dks tehu ds cjkcj caVokjs dh ckr djsaxs ;k lkewfgd [ksrh dh ekax djsaxsA bl vkUnksyu esa [ksrhgj etnwj dh D;k fLFkfr gksxh Ñ vkfnA blh rtZ ij efgyk vkUnksyu ds lkeus ifjofrZr lekt dh D;k dYiuk gS ;g Hkh ppkZ ds dsUæ esa ykuk gksxkA 'kq: ds fy, rks Bhd gS fd eqn~ns mBs vkSj izfrjks/ [kM+s gq, tks vkUnksyu dk :i fy;s gSA tSls fd ngst fojks/h vkUnksyu] cykRdkj fojks/h vkUnksyu] ?kjsyw fgalk fojks/h vkUnksyu] efgykvksa ds fy, lqjf{kr dk;ZLFky dks ysdj pys vkUnksyu ,sls fofHkUu vkUnksyuksa dh dfM+;ka tqM+rs gq, vkUnksyu vkxs c<+kA eqn~nk vk/kfjr vkUnksyuksa dk viuk fof'k"V xfrfoKku gksrk gSA fdlh Hkh eqnn~ s dks dsUæ esa j[k dj fujUrj vkUnksyu dh fLFkfr cuk;s j[kuk eqf'dy gksrk gSA vkUnksyu vxj vojksg dh fLFkfr esa x;k rks mldk vFkZ ;g ugha gksrk fd og eqn~nk gy gks x;kA vkt ngst dh leL;k ij vkUnksyu ugha fn[krk gS ysfdu ;g leL;k xEHkhj :i esa ekStwn gS ;k ;g dguk vf/d mfpr gksxk fd c<+rh gh tk jgh gSA igys tgka izn'kZuksa }kjk nksf"k;ksa ij dkuwuh dkjZokbZ dh ckr gksrh Fkh] dkuwuksa esa lq/kj dh ppkZ pyrh Fkh rFkk ngst dks lkekftd cqjkbZ dk ntkZ fnykus ;k yksx ngst ds fcuk 'kknh djsa blds fy, tutkx`fr iQSykus ij tksj Fkk] vc 'kk;n oDr dh ekax gS fd lekt cnyus okyh 'kfDr;ka bls vyx <ax ls vkt ds le; esa lEcksf/r djasA vkSj D;k iqjkus uqL[kksa dks u, fljsls viuk dj gh bl dke dks fd;k tk ldrk gS\ fuf'pr gh ugha! eqefdu gS vkt ds ukjh vkUnksyu dks ngstizFkk ds cus jgus ds ihNs lekt esa ekStwn lEifÙk lEcU/ksa dh foospuk djuh iM+s vkSj mls yxs fd tc rd firk dh lEifÙk esa cssfV;ksa dk cjkcjh dk gd ugha fey ikrk] rc rd bls tM+ ls [kre djuk lEHko u gksA gekjk lekt csfV;ksa dks ngst nsus ds fy, vkSj vko';drk gks rks

mlds fy, dtkZ ysus ds fy, vc Hkh rS;kj gS] ysfdu fgLlk nsus ds fy, jkth ugha gSA ,d ,sls le; esa tcfd ^pkWbl* ds uke ij efgykvksa dk ,d fgLlk ukjhfojks/h ewY;ekU;rkvksa] R;kSgkjksa dks] lkaLÑfrd mRloksa dks viukrk fn[k jgk gS] ;k viu lhfer l'kfDrdj.k dh nqgkbZ nsrs gq, og /kfeZd dV~VjiaFkh eqfgeksa] vfHk;kuksa dk fgLlk curk fn[k jgk gS] ml oDr efgyk vkUnksyu ds lkeus ;g pqukSrh gS fd og vkSjr dh viuh fir'lÙkkRed lksp rFkk iq:"k iz/ ku ekufldrk dks dSls pqukSrh nsa\ njvly tgka nq'eu dk vfLrRo Li"V gks ogka izfrjks/ vklku gks tkrk gSA [krjk ;g Hkh gS fd dgha efgykvksa ds iq:"k iz/ku lksp ls yM+us ds cgkus fu'kkuk mUgha ij u l/ tk,A gekjs lekt ds fy, ,slk djuk vklku gS] ysfdu fiQj Hkh bl fnekxh xqykeh ls yM+uk vko';d gS D;ksafd vkSjr fiÙklÙkkRed ewY;ksa ekU;rkvksa dh dkjxj rFkk vklku okgd gS] vdsys iq:"k ds ne ij fiÙklÙkk dks dk;e j[kuk vlEHko gSA vkt Hkh L=kh vkUnksyu dks ifjokj dhh ifo=krk ds feFkd ij loky djuk vko';d gSA ;|fi igys ls gh bl ij loky mBk, x, gSa fdUrq ifjokj ,d ,slk etcwr x<+ gS fd ftldk xSjturkaf=kd Lo:i dke; j[kuk vkt Hkh vklku gSA efgyk vkUnksyu tc vkt ds vk/qfud lekt ds vuq:i viuh ifjHkk"kk x<+sxk rks mls O;fDr dh O;fDrxr Lora=krk dk eqn~nk] O;fDrxr pquko (pkWbl) dk elyk izeq[krk ls vk,xkA gekjs lekt esa leqnk;ksa dh rkdr&tks tkfr&/eZ vk/ kfjr gS&vkt Hkh dkiQh etcwr gS vkSj ;s lHkh L=khæksgh rkdrsa gSaA D;k lekt fdlh O;fDr dks vius ikjEikfjd leqnk; ls ckgj tkus ;k fdlh leqnk; esa bPNk ls 'kkfey gksus dk gd nsrk gS\ (jkbV Vw ,fDlV) vxj leqnk;ksa dh rkdr dks detksj djuk gS rks efgyk vkUnksyu dks ;g ekax cqyUn djuh gksxhA efgyk vkUnksyu dks ;g Hkh lkspuk gksxk fd vU; izdkjh dh xSjcjkcfj;ksa ls L=kh&iq:"k xSjcjkcjh dk D;k fj'rk gS\ O;kid n`f"Vdks.k dks fodflr djus ds fy, ml ij esgur djus dh t:jr lEHkor% efgyk vkUnksyu us viuh izkFkfedrk esa ugha Mkyh gSA vUroZLrq esa ;g lekt vk/qfud rFkk okLrfod turkaf=kd dSls cusxk] mldh D;k jktuhfr gksxh] ;g elys Hkh fopkj.kh; gksaxsA

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

nsrs jguk gksxkA vius jktuhfrd vkSj vkfFkZd vf/dkjksa ij nkok Bksadus ds fy, dkexkj efgykvksa }kjk fd, x, lkewfgd] lkoZtfud vkSj tq>k: la?k"kZ dk og ;knxkj fnu gSA ysfdu og ,d ,slh ?kVuk gS ftlus vU;k;] 'kks"k.k vkSj mRihM+u ds f[kykiQ dbZ vU; la?k"kksZ dks izsfjr fd;k gSA jktuhfrd vkSj vkfFkZd ekaxksa ds lkFk&lkFk lkekftd ,oa lkaLÑfrd U;k; ds fy, pyus okys ukjh vkUnksyu us bu efgykvksa ls izjs .kk gkfly dh gSA etnwj oxZ ds vU; vkUnksyuksa us Hkh bu dksf'k'kksa ls lkewfgd la?k"kksZ dh rkdr ds ckjs esa lh[kk gSA vUrjjk"Vªh; efgyk fnol dk lelkef;d egRo vkt Hkh de ugha gqvk gSA ,d rjiQ og ,d ,slk izsj.kknk;h vkUnksyu gS tgka ge lekt dks cnyus dh fn'kk esa ge yksxksa us tks yEch nwjh r; dh gS] mldks eukrs gSaA ge mu efgykvksa dh fojklr dks lyke djrs gSa ftUgksaus fgalk vkSj neu dk eqdkcyk djrs gq, vius vf/dkjksa ds fy, la?k"kZ dks tkjh j[kkA ge bl ckr ij iQØ djrs gSa fd ge mUgha ds fn[kk;s jkLrs ij py jgs gSaA nwljh rjiQ] ;g ,d ,slk fnu gS tc ge L=kh vkUnksyu ds lkeus ckdh cps dk;ZHkkjksa ij xkSj djsa rkfd vkt ls lkS lky ckn nqfu;k dh esgur voke vkSj la?k"kZ'khy efgyk,a gesa viuh ØkfUrdkjh fojklr dk fgLlk le>saA blh mnkÙk Hkkouk ds lkFk ge vki ls vihy djuk pkg jgs gSa fd vki csgrj lekt ds fy, tkjh la?k"kZ ds fy, ,dtqV gksaA vkt ds le; esa efgyk vkUnksyu dh ppkZ djrs le; ;g t:jh gks tkrk gS fd ge ihNs dh dqN ckrksa ij Hkh ut+j MkysaA vktknh ds ckn 70 ds n'kd ds mÙkjk¼Z esa mBh efgyk vkUnksyu dh ygj dks ns[ksa rks ge ikrs gSa fd mldh 'kq:vkr eqn~nk vk/kfjr Fkh] tSls fd fdlh Hkh vkUnksyu dh 'kq:vkr gksrh gSA vkfnoklh ;qofr eFkqjk ds lkFk iqfyl dLVMh esa gq, cykRdkj dks ysdj lqizhe dksVZ dk tks fooknkLin iQSlyk vk;k Fkk] mlls m}sfyr efgyk,a vkSj vU; turkaf=kd lewg tc lM+dksa ij mrjsa rc ;g Li"V ugha Fkk fd vkUnksyu dks fdl fn'kk esa ys tkuk gSA ;g Hkh lkiQ ugha Fkk fd vkUnksyu dk y{; vxj vkSjr dh cjkcjh gS rks og dkSulk] dSlk lekt gksxk ftlesa vkSjr dh cjkcjh lqfuf'pr dh tk ldrh gSA iwjs lekt dk lexz fo'ys"k.k D;k gS vkfn ij eaFku dh t:jr ij tksj ugha FkkA ;wa rks dksbZ Hkh

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vkoj.k dFkk

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Ikzxk'k cSMa vkSj Qrok

lHkh ns'k vktkn gks x;s] exj gekjh lksp vkt Hkh xqykeh dh pDdh pykdj Mk0 ujs’k ^^lkxj** mlls fudyus okys xUnh lksp @ 21 oh lnh dk pkgs Hkkjr gks pkgs dksbZ ds vkVs dks gh [kkrs tk jgs gS! vkSj ns'k] vkt Hkh lHkh ladh.kZ lksp ls kZr% ckgj ugh fudy ik;s gS! eqn~nk pkgs vkf[kj D;w\a ,d rjQ iwjax.&Hks n dk gks] tkfr&Hksn dks gks] èkeZ vkSj lekurk gh ckr djrs gS] u;s èkeZ dh vkLFkk dk gks ;k fiQj vkSjr&enZ vUrj gks] vkt Hkh ge bu lc ckrks ds ;qx] ubZ lksp vkSj ubZ lnh dh dk ?ksjs esa Bhd bl izdkj [kMs gS tSls dqN ckr djrs gS vkSj nwljh rjQ yEgksa ds fy, gh lgh lhrk] y{e.k js[kk ds vUnj ,d xqyke cudj jg x;h Fkh] oks rlyhek uljhu tSlh ysf[kdk Hkh ,d izdkj dk 'kks'k.k gh Fkk] ftls ckn d pksyk igukus dh [kwc dksf'k'ks dks ns'k ls fudkydj viuh esdha èkkfeZ vkSj vkt Hkh mls vkLFkk ls tksMdj ekufldrk dk ifjp; Hkh nsrs ns[kk tkrk gS! ,d nso iq:"k dks oks Hkh dh dks vkf[kj D;k Mj Fkk] dkSu lh gS! ;s nksgjh jktuhfr vkf[kj f=kyks 'kadk Fkh mUgsa] ftls v;ks);k ls lkFk yk;s mls vdsys taxay esa ,d ydhj ds lgkjs D;wa vkSj dc rd\

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Hkh vkSjr dh vktknh ilUn ugh Fkh ;k fiQj mlds pfj=k ij dksbZ 'kd Fkk\ dqN rks ,slk Fkk tks y{e.k us lhrk dh 'kkfyurk ij ,d ydhj ;s fgnk;r nsdj [khap nh Fkh fd bls gekjs vkus rd yka?kus dh dksf'k'k ugh djuk ! ^^iQtk cnyus dks] NViVk jgh gS ! dkVrs D;wa gks rqe] cqycqy ds ijks dks!!** ^izxk'k* cSaM d'ehj ds jkWad cSaM esa dke djus okyh yMfd;ksa ij iQrok ykxw fd;k tk jgk gS] vkf[kj D;wa\ d'ehj ds xzSM eqÝrh c'kh:n~nhu vgen us jfookj dks cSMa ds f[kykiQ iQrok tkjh dj yMfd;ksa ds cSaM dh lnL;ksa ls xkuk NksMusa dks dgk gS! mUgksaus bls bLykfed ijaeijkvksa vkSj ewY;ksa ds f[kykiQ crk;k Fkk! eqÝrh dh vkokt esa vkokt feykrs gq, nsocan ds nk:y mywe oDiQ ds ofj"V mLrkn eqÝrh ekS0 dkleh us NksMus dks D;k eryc Fkk\ D;k Jh jke dks lgh Bgjkrs gq, dgk fd&^^'kjh;r esa fdlh


vkoj.k dFkk

^^iQrok&iQrok jV&jV ds] dqN yksx usrk gks x;s ! veu&pSu dh ljteha iS] èkeZ ds dkaVs oks x;s !!**

eqfLye èkeZ fo'o dk 'kk;n lcls cMk èkeZ&la?kBu gS! ;s èkeZ vius vki dks ik[k.M okn ls nwj Hkh crkrk gS] eqfLey èkeZ ges'kk vYykg vkSj èkeZ dh ckr djrk gS] exj vkSjr tkfr ij ges'kk iazfrcUn yxkrk jgrk gS tc ns[kks iQros nj iQros tkjh gksrs jgrs gS! ,slk dj ;k rks oks viuh ifCydflVh djkrs gS ;k fiQj jktuSfrd Ik`"V&Hkwfe rS;kj djrs gS ;k fiQj [kqn dks èkeZ dk lcls cMk izpkjd cukdj is'k djuk pkgrs gS exj D;wa\ lkfu;k fetkZ us Hkkjr dks Vsful ds {ks=k

esa ,d vyx igpku fnyok;h ] bruk gh ugh viuh csfe'kky [kwclwjrh ls mlus yksxksa dks viuk nhokukrd cuk fn;k] mles ,d esjk uke Hkh lkfey gS! exj mldh dkcfy;r ns[ks fcuk mldh M~Sl ij iQrok tkjh dj fn;k] ;s tkudj Hkh dh [ksy ds fglkc ls oks M~l S ,d ne fiQV ,.M iQkbu gS! fiQj eykyk ?kj ls fdrkc ysdj D;k fudyh mls ekjus dh iwjh&iwjh dksf'k'ks dh x;h vkSj vc izxk'k cS.M esa dke djus okyh ;qorh;ksa ij fiQj iQrok tkfgj fd;k tk jgk gS! ekWa ds iSjks esa tUur crkus ckyk ;s èkeZ vkSjrks dks D;wa xqykeh dh tathjksa ls vktkn djuk ughpkgrk\ ^^gdhdr Nqikdj ] gdhdr ls inkZ ! ;s dSlk flre gS] flre djus okys!!** 1- D;k eqfLey èkeZ es 'kjkc ihuk vkSj Nwuk gjke ugh gS\ exj vkt&dy yksx [kwc 'kjkc ihdj lMdksa ij]ukfy;ksa esa fxjs fey tkrs gS! 2- D;k eqfLey èkeZ esa ewfrZ iwtk djuk ]iQksVks f[kapkuk] nsg izn'kZu djuk] tqvk [ksyuk xyr ugh gS\ exj vkt lyeku [kku] vkfej [kku iQjgk [kku] 'kkg:[k [kku] tSls dykdkj viuk yksgk euok jgs gS vkSj muds ekse ds cwr Hkh cukdj laxzgkY;ksa esa yxk;s tk jgs gS D;wa\ vkt fcuk igpku i=k vkSj isu dkMZ ds uk rks chtk cuk;k tk ldrk gS] uk gh pquko es [kMs gks ldrs gsS vkSj uk gh oksV Mky ldrs gS] ,sls esa D;k gesa vius fu;eksa es cnykc ugh ykuk pkfg,\ le; ds vuqlkj lc dqN cnyrk gS! eqfLye èkeZ ds fdlh Hkh èkkfeZd O;fDr us D;wa dHkh fdlh vkradoknh ds fy, iQrok tkfgj fd;k\ tks viuh ng'kr vkSj 'kSrkfu;r ls fo'o dks xgjh pksV nsrs gS! D;k dHkh fdlh eqfLey laxBu us vkslkek fcu yknsu] viQty]dlkc] 'kbZn tSls 'kSrkuksa ds dk;Z dykiks ds f[kykiQ iQrok tkfgj fd;k\ ;fn ugh rks D;wa ugh \ gkWa lyeku :lnh ij fd;k] D;ksfa d oks lp fy[krk gS vkSj oks Hkh dMok! Okks cnyrs ekgkSy esa cnyus dh

ckr fy[krk gS! exj dHkh D;wa fdlh fiQYeh vfHkus=kh ds f[kykiQ iQrok tkfgj ugh fd;k\ D;k ehuk dqekjh] oghnk jgeku tSlh vkSj Hkh eqfLye vfHkus=kh;ksa ds vfHku; dk ;s eqfLye lekt dHkh nhokuk ugh gqvk\ D;k fnfyi dqekj] vthr vkSj ulh:n~hu 'kkg us ,d vyx igpku dk;e ugh dh ;fn oks dSejs ds lkeus ugh vkrs muds fiQYeh iksLVjksa ij iQksVks ugh Nirs rks D;k bu dykdkjksa ls ;s dyk dh e.Mh vNwrh uk jg tkrh\ D;wa vkt Hkh vkSjr tkfr ij bruk nckc cuk;k tk jgk gS\ nkfeuh cykRdkj dk.M esa Hkh dbZ lH; yksxksas dh Hkn~nh fVIi.kh;ka lkeus vk;h Fkh] muls ;s irk yxkuk eqf'dy Fkk fd oks yksx cykRdkj vkSj cYkkRdkfj;ksa dh iSjoh dj jgS gS ;k egt mtwy&fiQtwy jkx vyki dj viuk foKkiu ns jgs gS! vkt gj lekt dh vkSjr viuh ejth ls viuh mMku mMuk pkgrh gS! lHkh txg ds ns'k vktkn gks x;s] exj gekjh lksp vkt Hkh xqykeh dh pDdh pykdj mlls fudyus okys xUnh lksp ds vkVs dks gh[kkrs tk jgs gS! vkf[kj D;wa\ ,d rjiQ lekurk gh ckr djrs gS] u;s ;qx] ubZ lksp vkSj ubZ lnh dh ckr djrs gS vkSj nwljh rjiQ rlyhek uljhu tSlh yf[kdk dks ns'k ls fudkydj viuh ekufldrk dk ifjp; Hkh nsrs gS! ;s nksgjh jktuhfr vkf[kj D;wa vkSj dc rd\ vxj iQrok tkfgj gh djuk gS rks veu pSu ds nq'euksa ds fy, djks] ekuork ds nq'euksa ds fy, djks] lkeiznkf;drk ckVus okyks ds fy, djks] ftlls ns'k&èkeZ vkSj ekuo fo'o ,d lcd ys lds vkSj yksx vkids U;k; ds nhokus gksdj vkidh fe'kky Bhd mlh izdkj ns ftl izdkj nkfeuh ds dS'k ds ckn yksxks us l:nh vjc ds dkuwu dh ekax dj Mkyh Fkh! iQrok dk vkèkkj U;k; i{k gksuk pkfg,! ^^rsjh 'kjh;r ds tyos] dHkh de uk gks ! [kqnk ds okLRks fdlh] csxqukg iS tqYe Hkh uk gks!!**

irk% xzke& eqjkniqj] iksLV& iVuk x< jksM] ubZ e.Mh] ftyk&gkiqM] fiu&245101] m0iz0

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

rjg ds ukp&xkus dh dksbZ btktr ugh gS!** Tkcfd jk"V~h; efgyk vk;ksx dh ize[q k us dgk fd&^^ vktknh ds brus lky ckn Hkh yMfd;ksa dks fdlh dke ls jksduk gekjk nksgjk ekunaM gS!** vkt Hkh gekjs lekt esa lhrk ds fy, y{e.k js[kk,sa [khaph tk jgh gS] dqN mu ydhjks dks ikj dj ysr gS]rks dqN vkt ydhjks ds vUnj jgdj viuk ne rksM jgh gS! eykyk us NksVh lh mez es oks js[kk yka?kh vkSj ,d ftUnk felky dk;e dj nh vkSj vkt mldk uke 'kkfUr ds uksoy iq:"kdkj ds fy, ckr ppkZ esa gS! eykyk us f'k{kk ds fy, vkokt mBk;h ftls nckus esa 'kSrku ukdke;kc jgs] ftl le; lkjk fo'o eykyk ds fy, [kMk Fkk ml oDRk Hkh fdlh us mu nfjUnksa ds fy, iQrok dh ekax ugh dh D;wa\ D;k bl rjg ds vijkèk djuk 'kjh;r esa fy[kk gS\ vkSjrks dks 'kks"k.k fgUnw èkeZ esa Hkh gqvk vkSj eqfLYke èkeZ es Hkh] nksuks gh èkeZ vkt&rd vkSjr&enZ ds iQdZ dks ipk ugh ik;s gS! tgkWa fgUnw èkeZ esa vkSjrks dks nsoh&ljLorh vkSj y{eh dk ntkZ fn;k tkrk gS] ogh vkSjrks dks dHkh viuh v;~;kfl;ksa ds pyrs ]dgh gjke[kksjh ds pyrs rks dgh eku lEeku ds pyrs vkSjrks ij vR;kpkj&nqjkpkj vkSj O;fHkpkj gksrs gS! egkHkkjr esa nzkSinh dk phj gj.k ika.Moksa dh xUnh vkSj rqPN gjdrks ds pyrs gh gqvk Fkk!

23


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

fo'ks"k% ekU;oj dka'khjke lkgsc dh 79 oha t;arh

24

;qx&iq:"k dka'khjke lkgsc @

ujsUæ dqekj

gtkjksa lky egfiQy] viuh csuwjh is jksrh gSA cM+h eqf'dy ls gksrk gS] peu esa nhnkoj iSnkAA ekU;oj dka'khjke th dks Hkkjrh; bfrgkl esa dHkh Hkqyk;k ugha tk ldrk gSA o.kZ&O;oLFkk okys lekt esa tgka foHkktu gh czkã.k] {kf=k;] oS'; o 'kwæ dk gSA vuqlfw pr tkfr;ksa ds yksx fdl gn rd ncs o dqpys gS]a bldk lgt gh vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gS gtkjksa lkyksa ls vuqlfw pr tkfr ds yksxksa us nkl izFkk ds flok dqN u ns[kkA mUgsa ;gh fl[kk;k x;k fd rqEgkjk thou fliQZ lo.kksZ dh lsok djus ds fy, gqvk gSA rqEgkjs dksbZ vf/dkj ugha] rqe eafnj] ckoM+h] dqavk] czkã.kksa ds ?kj] dgha ugha tk ldrs gksA lkjs Hkou rqe cukvksxs ij rqEgsa jgus ds fy, feysxk uxj o xkao dk ckgjh fgLlk vkSj [kLrkgky >ksifM+;kaA ekuo lekt dh ,d cM+h vkcknh us bls yxHkx Lohdkj Hkh dj fy;k Fkk vkSj o"kksZ nklrk esa xqtkj fn;sA ckck lkgsc Hkhejko vEcsMdj us fopkj/kjk ds Lrj ij lo.kksZ dh loZJs"Brk dks pqukSrh nhA nfyrksa dks laxfBr] f'kf{kr o la?k"kZjr fd;k rFkk lafo/ku esa vkj{k.k lqfuf'pr djds fiNM+s yksxksa dks 'kklura=k ds izeq[k inksa rd igqapk;kA vius thoui;Zr la?k"kZ esa mUgkasus vuqlwfpr tkfr ds yksxksa dk dY;k.k vusdksa rjg ls dj mUgha ds Hkhrj ls ,d etcwr vkfFkZd vk/kj okyk o iz'kklfud jlw[k okyk rcdk iSnk dj fn;kA exj y{; v/wjk FkkA vkj{k.k ls FkksM+s ls gh yksxksa dks iQk;nk gqvk vkSj ;s Hkh Lo;a dks vfHktkr le>us yx x;s FksA nfyrksa dh fo'kky vkcknh ogha jg xbZ] FkksM+s ls yksxksa dh ykVjh [kqyh ,slk yxrk Fkk fd ,d gtkj Hkw[ks yksxksa ds chp esa ,d feBkbZ dk fMCck iQsadk x;k gks vkSj og fliQZ ,d vkneh dks feyk gks vkSj bls lkekftd U;k;

eku fy;k x;k gksA Hkkjrh; lekt esa iwathoknh fodkl us oSpkfjd ifjorZu iSnk fd;kA m|ksxksa] jsyksa] cM+s&cM+s laLFkkuksa o gksVy eas [kku&iku eas tkfr ds lEca/ksa dks detksj cuk;kA nfyrksa dh cM+h vkcknh vHkh Hkh Hkkjh lkekftd ncko esa FkhA ,sls le; esa e'kky dka'khjke th us mBk yhA vnE; lkgl] fgeky; lk ladYi] foijhr ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa u ?kcjkuk] lekt ds lcls detksj yksxksa dks bfrgkl dk ,d rkdroj uk;d fey x;kA dka'khjke th dh ;g xwat ?kj&?kj esa Madkj ekjus yxh vkSj vke tuekul Hkkofog~oy gks vius elhgk ds lEeku esa cksy iM+k& ckck rsjk fe'ku v/wjk dka'khjke djaxs s iwjk

vc ckr cjkcjh ;k lkFk cSBus ls dgha vkxs c<+dj lÙkk dks gkfly djus dh gks x;hA nkl izFkk dk LFkku foæksg ysus yxk] dy rd dk nck&dqpyk tu vkt lEeku dk ewY; le>us yxk vkSj mlus jkt'kfDr dks vius lekt esa eglwl fd;kA dka'khjke th dk dq'ky usr`Ro us eglwl djk;k fd ;gh cg nfyrksa dk rkjugkj gS tks nfyrksa dh oSrj.kh dks ikj yxk;sxkA yksaxksa dk fo'okl c<+us yxk vkSj ncs&dqpys yksxksa us viuh vka[ksa czkã.k nsork ds pj.kksa ls gVkdj lh/ s jkt flagklu dh vksj dj nh D;kafd mudk elhgk dka'khjke mUgsa usr`Ro nsus ds fy, / zqo rkjs dh rjg vfM+x [kM+k Fkk vkSj pepek jgk FkkA


fo'ks"k% ekU;oj dka'khjke lkgsc dh 79 oha t;arh

vEcsMdjokn dks u, vk;ke nsrs ekU;oj dka'khjke ckck lkgsc us nfyr lekt ds m¼kj ds fy, thou Hkj tks la?k"kZ fd;k oks v/wjk gh jgrk vxj dka'khjke th tUe u ysrs vkSj nfyr lekt dks tkxzr djus ds fy, jk"VªO;kih vkanksyu dh uhao ugha j[krsA ckck lkgsc us nfyrks dks jktuhfrd o lkekftd :i ls tkxzr djus dk dke fd;kA mUgksaus nfyrksa dh jktuhfrd xksycanh Hkh dhA mudh f'k{kkvksa vkSj iz;klksa ls nfyrksa dk ,d fgLlk i<+us&f[kyus yxk vkSj vius vf/dkjksa ds fy, tkx:d gqvkA ;g f'kf{kr rcdk ljdkjh ukSdjh djus yxk ysfdu euqokn dk xqyke gh jgkA lÙkk dh pkHkh lo.kksZ us ges'kk vius vius ikl j[kus ds <sjksa rkSj&rjhds cuk j[ks FksA fxurh esa vis{kkÑr de lo.kks± us vktknh ds ckn Hkh Ny&diV] iziapksa dk lgkjk viuk;s j[kkA ckck lkgsc us dgk Fkk fd esjk dkjoka yxkrkj vkxs c<+uk pkfg,A ftldk vFkZ lkiQ Fkk fd vEcsMdjokn dks iwjh rjg ls liQy cukus ds fy, lekt ds 'kksf"kr o fiNM+s oxZ esa gj izdkj dh psruk vo'; vkuh pkfg, vkSj lkekftd xqykeh ds f[kykiQ mudk la?k"kZ rc rd tkjh jguk pkfg, tc rd fd mUgsa iw.kZ eqfDr ugha fey tkrhA lkgc dka'khjke us ckck lkgsc o Hkxoku cq¼ ds lans'kksa o fe'ku dks vkRelkr fd;kA lkgc dka'khjke us ,d fe'ku ds rkSj ij lHkh oafprksa dks laxfBr djuk 'kq: fd;kA oks tkurs Fks fd gekjk lekt fiNM+k lekt gSA lfn;ksa ls xqykeh >sy jgs bl lekt dh vkokt dks bruk nck fn;k x;k gS fd ;g vius gd dh ckr dh ugha cksy ik;sxkA lkgc dka'khjke dks ns[kus&lquus ds ckn cgqtu lekt ds yksxksa esa fgEer vkbZA bl lekt us vius bfrgkl dk tkuk le>k] fd gekjs lqugjs bfrgkl dks fdl rjg feVk;k x;kA clik dh LFkkiuk o clik ds lÙkk esa igqpus ds ihNs lfn;ksa ls nch vkokt dk orZeku esa cqyUn gks tkuk gSA yksdrU=k esa oksV dh vgfe;r lcls vge gksrh gSA vius oksV dh rkdr igpkuus okys lekt dk bfrgkl vkt nqckjk ls fy[kk tkus yxkA egkiq:"kksa dks yksx i<+us yxsA cgqtu lekt ds yksxksa fd vka[kks ls inkZ gVk vkSj og yksx vius vlyh uk;dksa dks le> x;sA Hkxoku cq¼ ds mQij jke] Ñ".k dks tcju Fkksik x;k FkkA blh izdkj ckck lkgsc] N=kifr lkgw th egkjkt] T;ksfrck iQqy]s lar dchj tSls egkiq:"kksa dks NksM+dj nfyr lekt dks tcju xka/h&usg: dk ikB i<+k;k x;kA dka'khjke dk vkn'kZ vkSj lans'k ;gh gS fd cgqtu lekt dks lÙkk ds f'k[kj ij igqapuk pkfg,A lÙkk ds f'k[kj ij igqaps fcuk lekt dk lEiw.kZ fodkl laHko ugha gSA ckck lkgsc dk fe'ku vktkn Hkkjr esa vxj fdlh us vkxs c<+k;k gS rks og lkgc dka'khjke th gh gSaA muds fcuk ;g dHkh Hkh laHko ugha gks ikrkA gkaykfd vkt Hkh ns'k Hkj esa cgqtuksa dh jktuhfrd ØkfUr ugha gqbZ gS ysfdu larks"k bl ckr dk gS fd cgqr gh nenkj 'kq:vkr gks xbZ gSA ;g 'kq:vkr vc 'kk;n gh :ds lky nj lky cgqtu lekt dh rjDdh gks jgh gSA gkykafd gekjs gdksa dks vkt Hkh nck;k tk jgk gSA ysfdu vc vkokt mBkus okys Hkh cgqr gks x;s gSaA oks fnu nwj ugha gS tc cgqtu lekt dk cPpk&cPpk ØkfUr dk >.Mk ygjk jgk gksxkA okLrfod vktknh Hkh rHkh iQyhHkwr gksxhA

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

bl egkiq:"k dk tUe iatkc jkT; esa jksiM+ ftys ds [okliqj esa 15 ekpZ] 1934 dks gqvk Fkk dka'khjke th lkr HkkbZ&cgu FksA 3 HkkbZ vkSj 4 cgusaA mUgksaus ch-,l-lh- dh ijh{kk xoesZV dkyst ls ikl dhA vius 'kq:vkrh thoudky esa mUgksaus iq.ks esa fMiQsal fjlpZ MoyiesVa vkxZukbts'ku esa oSKkfud ds in ij dke fd;k ij og ukSdjh mUgsa jkl ugha vk;hA laLFkku esa dke djus okys deZpkjh nhukHkkuk dh cq¼ t;arh o ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj t;arh ij vodk'k dh yM+kbZ o mlds ckn ,d gh jkr esa ^tkfr Hksn dk mPNsn* uked iqLrd dks lkr ckj c<+us ds ckn muds thou dh fn'kk gh cny x;hA ckck lkgsc Hkhejko vEcsMdj th dh iqLrd us mu ij bruk xgjk vlj Mkyk fd os lq[k&lqfo/kvksa okyh ukSdjh dks NksM+dj la?k"kZ ds eSnku esa dwn iM+sA dgrs gSa egkHkkjr dky esa xaxk iq=k nsojFk us vkthou czãpkjh jgus dh Hkh"e izfrKk dh o mls fuHkk;kA blfy, mudk uke Hkh"e firkekg iM+ x;k FkkA dka'khjke th us Hkh vkthou ?kj u tkus dh izfrKk dh vkSj ?kks"k.kk dh fd vc lkjk nfyr lekt gh mudk ?kj gS vkSj ;gh mudk ifjokj gSA bruh dfBu izfrKk dks mUgksaus vkthou fuHkk;kA muds blh n`<+ ladYi us clik dks vketu dh ikVhZ cuk fn;k ftlus pkSFkh ik;nku esa iM+s lekt ds yksxksa dks flagklu ij fojkteku dj fn;kA dka'khjke th us lkbfdy ls ns'k dk Hkze.k fd;kA bl nkSjku os 'kgj&'kgj] xkao&xkao ?kwesA os vke vknfe;ksa ds ?kj ij Bgjrs] ogha jkr dkVrs] muds lkFk :[kk&lw[kk [kkrs vkSj mudh O;Fkk lqursA viuh bu xfrfof/;ksa ls os nfyr lekt dks Hkhrj rd le> ldsA dgrs Hkh gSa fd ;fn vki fdlh leL;k dks le> x;s rkss le> yks fd vkius vk/k dke dj fn;kA mudh nfyr lekt ds izfr vius ifjokj tSlh izhfr o vkLFkk us mUgsa elhgk cuk fn;k tks fd oks lpeqp FksA vkt dka'khjke th gekjs chp l'kjhj ugha gS ij ,slk yxrk gS fd og loZ=k gSaA muds fopkj lekt ds lcls detksj yksxksa dks lcls rkdroj cuus dh izsj.kk nsrs gSaA (f'k-Vk])

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cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

fo'ks"k% ekU;oj dka'khjke lkgsc dh 79 oha t;arh

26

vfHkO;fDr ds vk/kj Fks ekU;oj dka'khjke @

lwjt Hkku vktkn

cgqtu lekt ikVhZ ds laLFkkid rFkk blls iwoZ Mh,l-iQksj] okelsiQ tSls cgqr mís'kh; laxBuksa ds lw = kk/kkj&egku euh"kh] tkx:d O;fDrRo ds ekfyd] Hkkjr esa ncs&fiNMs+ vYi la[;d cgqtu lekt ds fgek;rh] jkt uhfr ds iqjks/k rFkk oksV gekjk jkt rqEgkjk ugha pysxk dk ØkfUr dkjh ukjk nsus okys ekU;oj dka'khjke ds tUe fnu dh vki lcdks 'kqHkdkeuk;saA ;|fi nqfu;k esa lHkh ejus ds fy, iSnk gksrs gSa rFkkfi ekU;oj dka'khjke tSls O;fDr fcjys gh gksrs gSaA dka'khjke th Hkkjr Hkwfe ij vius gksus dk i;kZIr lcwr NksM+ x,A vkSj ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj th ds :ds gq;s dkjoka dks vkxs c<+kus esa dke;kc jgsA MkWvEcsMdj dh fojklr ds iks"kd vkSj ewdksa dh vkokt FksA dka'khjke bl ns'k dh lksbZ turk dks txkus okys FksA dka'khjke th us ckck lkgsc ds liuksa dk Hkkjr cukus dk Hkjdl iz;kl fd;k] vkSj vc ek;korh dks dka'khjke th dk liuk rks iwjk djuk gh gS vkSj lkFk bl ns'k dh ipklh izfr'kr turk tks ek;korh ls vis{kk gS ml ij [kjh mrjus ds fy;s lÙkk ds f'k[kj ij igqap dj djksM+ksa fu%lgk; ,oa ihfM+r yksxksa dh vkdka{kkvksa dk Hkh [;ky j[kuk gksxkA cgqr ls dk;Z gksrs gSa tks fcuk jktuhfr ds iw.kZ ugha gksrsA dka'khjke th us dgk fd jktuhfr (lÙkk) gj rkys dh pkch gksrh gS] bl fy, lÙkk ij dCtk djksA ckck lkgsc us gesa vkRe&lEeku ds fy;s cq¼ dk lerkoknh /eZ fn;k (tks O;ogkfjd gS) vkSj jktuhfrd {ks=k esa fjifCyd (vkj-ih-vkbZ-) ikVhZ nh tks vkt cgqqtu lekt ikVhZ ds :i eas mlh dk :ikUrj.k gekjs le{k gSA fjifCyd ikVhZ esa tq>k: vkSj lefiZr usrk rks Fks ijUrq muds ikl dksbZ Bksl iQkjewyk ugha

FkkA blh fy, oks liQy gksdj Hkh vliQy jgsA turk dks fof/or rjhds ls le>k;k ugh x;k] blfy, yksx jktuhfr dk eryc le> ugha ik,A lu~ 1985 esa ekU;oj dka'khjke us cM+s 'kkS/iw.kZ eaFku djds cgqtu lekt ikVhZ ds LFkkiuk dh vkSj yksxksa dks mUgha dh Hkk"kk esa gh le>k;kA vkSj vke turk dks jktuhfrs le> vkus yxh vkSj ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj th dk :dk gqvk dkjoka vkxs c<+us yxk tks reke vojks/ksa ds ckctwn Hkh vkxs c<+ jgk gSA 1980 esa ek;korh gekjh laLFkk vf[ky Hkkjrh; tu dY;k.k vEcsMdj lfefr ls R;kx i=k nsdj cgqtukasa ds dY;k.kkFkZ&cgqtu lekt ikVhZ esa ,d egku flikgh dh rjg dke djus yxhA ekU;oj dka'khjke th us ek;korh uke ds bl vueksy jRu dh ij[k djds viuk mÙkjkf/dkjh cukdj lekt ds m¼kj dh tqEesnkjh ek;korh dks nhA tSls Hkxoku cq¼ ij fy[krs oDr ckck lkgsc dks ugha NksM+ ldrs oSls gh dka'khjkt ij fy[krs oDr ek;korh dks ugha NksM+ ldrsA dka'khjke th us ckck lkgsc ds liuksa dk Hkkjr cukus dk Hkjld iz;kl fd;k vkSj vc ek;korh dks ckck lkgsc] T;ksfrck iQwys] Lokeh vNqrkuUn] Lokeh iSfj;kj uk;dj] rFkk lkgqth egkjkt o dka'khjke th ds liuksa dk Hkkjr cukuk gSA ek;korh us tks loZ lekt ds yksxksa dks ikVhZ esa ysdj ftl nwj nf'kZrk dk ifjp; fn;k gS og ljkguh; dne gS] vkSj tks lkkS'ky

baftfu;afjx dh gS mls ns[kdj cM+s&cM+s jktuhfrd rFkk Hkfo"; oDrkvksa dks Hkh ekuuk iM+k fd ek;korh peRdkjh efgyk gSa bldk Hkfo"; i<+uk vklku ugha gSA ijUrq ;g lR; gS fd ek;korh lRrk ds f'k[kj rd vo'; igqapsxh bl fy, ek;korh dks vk;ju ysM+h dguk dksbZ vfr';ksfDr ugha gSA ek;korh jktuhfr esa lezkV v'kksd dh rjg viuk LFkku cuk jgh gSa] lezkV v'kksd dks Hkh lHkh oxks± dk leFkZu feyrk FkkA og lHkh&/ekZoyfEc;ksa dk lEeku djrk Fkk lezkV v'kksd Lo;a cq¼ /eZ dks ekurk Fkk mUgksua s cq¼ ds mins'kksa dks Lrwiksa ij fy[kok;k FkkA mUgksaus cq¼ fogkj cuok;s] izk.kh ek=k ds fy, ckx] rkykc] dqa;s] lM+dsa cuokbZA ogh egku dk;Z ek;korh us Hkh vius pkj lky ds lq'kklu dky esa fd;kA ek;korh ckS¼ /eZ dk bfrgkl] vius ewy fuoklh iqj[kksa dk bfrgkl rFkk /jksgj dks lqjf{kr j[kuk pkgrh gSaA fdlh dks Hkh esjh ckr esa vfr';ksfDRk utj vkrh gS rks y[kumQ tkdj MkW- vEcsMdj Lekjd Hkou dks ns[kysa] ifjorZu pksd ns[k ysaA y[kumQ vkt gekjk rhFkZ LFky cu x;k gSA vEcsMdj Lekjd ek;korh us gekjk Hkwyk bfrgkl vkSj [kks;k xkSjo ykSVk;k gSaA vc vki le> ldrs gS fd lÙkk gkFk esa vkus ls ge D;k dj ldrs gSA ys[kd vf[ky Hkkjrh; tu dY;k.k vEcsMdj lfefr ds jk"Vªh; vè;{k gSaA


fo'ks"k% ekU;oj dka'khjke lkgsc dh 79 oha t;arh

@

okfx'k

Hkkjrh; lekt ds lekt'kkL=k eas fganw lekt dks pkj oxks± esa ckaVk x;kA lcls fupyk oxZ nfyrksa ds fy, j[kk x;kA Hkkjr ds i<+s&fy[ks yksxksa us dHkh Hkh bl lekt'kkL=k dks fy[krs oDr ;g ckr ugha mBkbZ fd ;g pkSFkk oxZ lekt ds lcls uhpys ik;nku ij D;aw gSa\ czkã.kksa us viuh lq[k&lqfo/k gsrq bl pkSFks oxZ dh jpuk dhA ;g pkSFkk oxZ lfn;ksa rd ek=k xqykeh gh djrk jgk FkkA vk/qfud Hkkjr okLro esa vk/qfud Hkkjr gh gSA blh vk/qfud Hkkjr esa ,d egkiq:"k ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj us tUe fy;kA mUgksaus vius bl oxZ dh leL;k dks leqfpr <ax ls mBk;k vkSj blds lkFk gh Lora=krk izkfIr ds i'pkr bl oxZ dks lafo/ku ds }kjk nks egroiw.kZ vf/dkj Hkh fn,A igyk ljdkj fuekZ.k eas er nsus dk vf/dkj] nqljk ljdkjh ukSdfj;ksa esa bl oxZ ds fy, vkj{k.kA ckck lkgsc ds vkdfLed ifjfuokZ.k ds i'pkr bl oxZ esa 'kSf{kd psruk rks tx x;h ijUrq jktuSfrd psruk dk tkxuk vHkh ckdh FkkA ml le; nfyr oxZ ds vf/dka'k usrk dkaxzsl ikVhZ dh lsok esa yxs gq, FksA ftl dkj.k bl oxZ dh jktuSfrd psruk dkaxl sz dh lsokHkko djus rd gh lhfer jg x;h FkhA egkuk;dksa dh mRifr dk fu;e xfr'khy gSA ckck lkgsc ds fe'ku dks iwjk djus dk ftEek lkgc dka'khjke us fy;kA dka'khjke th ,d f'kf{kr O;fDr FksA mUgksaus iatkc ;wfuolZVh ls ch-,l-lh- dh f'k{kk yh FkhA tc mUgksaus ns[kk ek=k Mh-,e- cuus ls gh bl oxZ dk lEiw.kZ dY;k.k ugha gksxk rks mUgksaus Mh,e-lh,e- ih,e dh F;ksjh dks tUe fn;kA czkã.koknh ekufldrk ls xzLr lkekftd lkfgR; vHkh bl ifjorZu dks dksbZ cM+h vgfe;r ugha nsrk gSA ijUrq ;g

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

vrqyuh; ekU;oj dka'khjke

27

dk'khjke th ,d f'kf{kr O;fDr FksA mUgksaus iatkc ;wfuolZVh ls ch,l-lh- dh f'k{kk yh FkhA tc mUgksaus ns[kk ek=k Mh-,e- cuus ls gh bl oxZ dk lEiw.kZ dY;k.k ugha gksxk rks mUgksaus Mh,e] lh,e] ih,e dh F;ksjh dks tUe fn;kA czkã.koknh ekufldrk ls xzLr lkekftd lkfgR; vHkh bl ifjorZu dks dksbZ cM+h vgfe;r ugha nsrk gS ijUrq ;g cnyko lekt'kkL=k dk ek=k ,d u;k vè;k; rd lhfer ugha FkkA vfirq blus ,d u;s lekt'kkL=k dh jpuk dh FkhA cnyko lekt'kkL=k dk ek=k ,d u;k vè;k; rd lhfer ugha FkkA vfirq blus ,d u;s lekt'kkL=k dh jpuk dh FkhA lekt'kkL=k ds pkSFks oxZ dks izFke oxZ cukus dh ,d lkgfld dYiukA jkt djks 'kklu ij Lo;aA bl dYiuk ds cuus dk lcls cM+k dkj.k Fkk vizR;{k jktuhfrA vkjf{kr lhVksa ls thrdj nfyr oxZ ds usrk lkaln] fo/k;d rks cu jgs Fks ijUrq og viuh&viuh ikfVZ;ksa ds cuk;s x;s nk;js rd gh lhfer FksA dka'khjke th us u;k iQkeqZyk rS;kj fd;k izR;{k jktuhfr FkkA blds fy, mudk fe'ku ckelsiQ ls gksrs&gksrs 14 vizSy] 1984 dks cgqtu lektikVhZ ds tUe ij tkdj :dkA cgqtu lekt ikVhZ us dkaxzsl o Hkktik esa gypy epk nhA bl ikVhZ us vius tUe ds dqN o"kks± ds ckn gh mÙkj izns'k fo/kulHkk esa n[ky nsuk 'kq: dj fn;kA vkSj 2007 esa

Li"V cgqer ls ljdkj cukus ls igys Hkh ;g ikVhZ mÙkj izns'k esa rhu ckj lÙkk ij dkfct gks x;h FkhA lekt dk lcls vfUre oxZ lekt dk izfrfuf/Ro djus yxkA yksdra=k gj lkekftd fo"kerk dk gy gSA igys lekt ds izFke rhu oxZ ds ihNs lekt dk vfUre oxZ [kM+k gksrk FkkA vkt lekt dk ;g vfUre oxZ izFke oxZ cu x;k gSA lekt ds izFke rhu oxZ blds ihNs [kM+s gks x;s gSaA ,slk tc gqvk] tc ;g ek=k ,d vkjEHk gSA tc ;g ;k=kk vius vfUre iM+ko ij igqapsxh rks ;g fo'o dk lcls cM+k lkekftd ifjorZu gksxkA vc lekt'kkL=k dh iqLrdsa fy[kus okys fo}kuksa dks ,d u;s vè;k; dh vko';drk iMsxh vkSj bl vè;k; dk izHkko iwjs fo'o ds fiNM+s oxksZ ds fy, ,d vkn'kZ izLrqr djsxkA(f'k-Vk-)


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

fo'ks"k% ekU;oj dka'khjke lkgsc dh 79 oha t;arh

28

cgqtu Økafr vkSj ekU;oj dka'khjke lkgc dka'khjke us vktknh ds ckn Fkerh tk jgh cgqtu Økafr dks fiQj ls vkxs c<+kus dk egÙoiw.kZ dke fd;kA ckck lkgsc ds tkus ds ckn ,d ckj ,slk yx jgk Fkk fd lekt ds oafpr oxZ dh yM+kbZ esa Bgjko lk vk x;k gSA bl ckr dk lcls cM+k dkj.k dkaxl sz ikVhZ FkhA vktknh ds ckn nfyr lekt dks oks vf/dkj feys ftuls oks yxHkx rhu gtkj lkyksa ls oafpr FksA ckck lkgsc us vaxzsth 'kklu ds nkSjku nfyr lekt dh nqnZ'kk ij vyx ls la?k"kZ fd;k FkkA muds egku iz;klksa ds ckn gh nfyr lekt dks tks vf/dkj feys muesa ls dqN bl izdkj gSa& oksV nsus dk vf/dkj] NqvkNwr naMuh; vijk/] ljdkjh lsokvksa esa vkj{k.k o ljdkjh ;kstukvksa esa nfyr lekt ds fy;s vyx ls izkFkfedrkA ckck lkgsc us ;g vf/ dkj fnyk rks fn;s ysfdu ckck lkgsc ds vpkud nqfu;k NksMd + j pys tkus ds ckn ;g vkUnksyu Bgjko esa vkus yxkA lafo/ku esa feys bu vf/dkjksa ds pyrs lekt dk ,d oxZ mUUkfr Hkh djus yxk ysfdu ;g mruh visf{kr ugha Fkh ftruh dh ckck lkgsc us mfEen dh FkhA lkjh leL;kvksa dh tM+ nfyr lekt dh 'kklu esa Hkkxhnkjh u gks ikuk FkkA dkaxzsl ikVhZ vktknh ds ckn ls lÙkk esa yxkrkj yxHkx rhl lkyksa rd cuh jghA dkaxzsl czkã.kksa ds opZLo okyh ikVhZ gSA dkaxzsl us ,d nks nfyr usrkvksa dks c<+kok Hkh fn;k FkkA ysfdu mudh ;ksX;rk o izfrHkk ds lkFk dHkh Hkh U;k; ugha fd;kA tSls fd ckcw txthou jkeA ckcw txthou jke gj rjg ls iz/kuea=kh cuus ds ;ksX; Fks ysfdu dkaxzsl ikVhZ esa brus lky jgus o esgur djus ds ckn Hkh mUgsa iz/ kuea=kh ugha cuk;k x;kA lkspus okyh ckr ;g gS fd dkaxzsl esa czkã.kksa dk opZLo gS vkSj vxj ckcw txthou jke ,slh fdlh ikVhz esa gksrs ftlesa czkã.kksa dk opZLo ugha gksrk rks os t:j iz/kuea=kh cursA vktknh ds ckn nfyr lekt us izR;{k jktuhfr ds LFkku ij vizR;{k jktuhfr dks

rjthg nhA dkaxzsl ikVhZ dks bl ckr dk iQk;nk Hkh feykA [kklrkSj ls mÙkj Hkkjr dk nfyr lekt iwjh rjg ls dkaxl sz ikVhZ ls tqMk+ gqvk FkkA lÙkk ys nsdj vHkh Hkh lo.kksZ ds gh gkFk esa FkhA cl iQdZ bruk Fkk fd nfyr lekt ls dqN yksx lekt esa rjDdh ds ik;nku ij cSB x;s FksA bl ckr dks lkgc dka'khjke us vPNh rjg le>kA oks ;g le> x;s fd lekt vHkh Hkh blfy;s Bhd ls rjDdh ugha dj ik jgk gSA D;ksafd lÙkk lekt ds yksxksa ds gkFk esa ugha gSA tc rd lÙkk ij vf/dkj ugha gksxk rc rd lekt dh nqnZ'kk cjdkj jgsxhA dka'khjke lkgc us Hkh ckck lkgsc dh rjg lekt dh mUufr ds fy;s yksdrkfU=kd rjhdksa dk lgkjk fy;kA vly esa ckck lkgsc tks vf/dkj lafo/ku ds }kjk nfyr lekt ds yksxksa dks ns x;s Fks mudk lgh rjhdsd ls bLrseky ugha gks ik jgk FkkA oksV nsus dk vf/dkj feyk rks lfn;ksa dh xqykeh >sy pqds nfyr lekt ds yksxksa us lkspk dh pyks de ls de oksV nsus dk rks vf/dkj feyk ysfdu 'kk;n oks ;g ugha le> lds muds fn;s tkus okys oksV dk iQk;nk lo.kksZ dks gh fey jgk gSA nfyr lekt ds }kjk dkaxzsl dks fn;s tkuk okys oksV dk iQk;nk dkaxszl esa 'kh"kZ ij dkfct lo.kksZ dks feyrk FkkA lkgc dka'khjke us bl u;h jktuhfrd xqykeh ls eqfDr ikus ds fy;s igys ckelsiQ fiQj mlds ckn cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dk xBu fd;kA

clik dk xBu D;ksa vko';d Fkk igys bl ckr ij xkSj djus dh t:jr gSA ns'k esa 'kh"kZ jktuhfrd inksa ij lo.kksZ dk gh dCtk FkkA lo.kksZ ds }kjk vf/Ñr Hkkjrh; jktuhfrd O;oLFkk esa ;g v?kksf"kr fu;e Fkk fd nfyr lekt ds O;fDr dks dHkh Hkh jktuhfr ds 'kh"kZ inksa ij ugha cSBk;k tk;sxkA bl ckr dk mnkgj.k ckcw txthou jke ds :i esa igys gh fn;k tk pqdk gSA clik ds mn; dk ewy fl¼kar gh ;gh Fkk fd nfyrksa dks lÙkk ds 'kh"kZ ij cSBkukA mÙkj izns'k esa clik dh liQyrkvksa dks ns[kdj ;g vanktk Hkh yx tkrk gS fd nfyrksa esa jktuhfrd tkx:drk gSA bl ckr dk lcls cM+k mnkgj.k pqukoksa ds le; nfyr oXkZ ds }kjk Hkkjh rknkr esa fd;k tkus okyk ernku gSA tgka rd dkaxzsl dh ckr gS rks bl ckj ds mÙkj izns'k ds fo/ ku lHkk pquko esa jkgqy xka/h nfyr oxZ dk oksV rks ekax jgs Fks ysfdu dksbZ Hkh nfyr oxZ dk cM+k dkaxzslh usrk muds lkFk ugha FkkA ;g ckr rks r; Fkh fd vxj dkaxzsl ikVhZ mÙkj izns'k esa lÙkk esa vkrh rks dksbZ czkã.k gh eq[;ea=kh curk vkSj 'kk;n oks uke jhrk cgqx.kk tks'kh dk gksrkA dkaxzl fiQj ls ogh pky [ksy jgh Fkh tks og vktknh ds ckn pkyhl lkyksa rd djrh jghA nfyr oxZ dks ek=k oksV cukdj lÙkk czkã.kksa ds gkFk esa nsukA ;g dkaxzsl dh bl yksdrkfU=kd O;oLFkk ds izfr mldh lksp dh vlfy;r dks fn[kkrk gSA


fo'ks"k% ekU;oj dka'khjke lkgsc dh 79 oha t;arh ekU;oj dka'khjke lkgsc dh Le`fr esa

eqn~nrksa ckn gksrs gSa v'[kkl iSnk tks eqnkZ dkSeksa dh Hkh rdnhj cny nsrs gSaA tekuk rks jgk lnk gkykr ,s o[r dk xqyke exj oks fcxM+s gkykr dh Hkh rnohj cny nsrs gSa [kkjks [klks xkjn dks rwiQku cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke fiQj ls jsr vkSj [kkd dks pV~Vku cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke vkgk ;g D;k ls D;k deky dj fn[kk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke vtkjknkjh egyksa esa ty&tyk lk yk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke gks ldk u fdlh ogh dj fn[kk fn;k lkgsc dk'khjke cny nsrs gSa oks c<+ ds--- rwiQku dks cny nsrs gSaA jkSuds cgkjk esa [kkeks'kh ,s oh,s ok¡ dks cny nsrs gSaA fiNM+ksa esa osclks dks yrM+ksa dks gks ldk u

Hkh bRgkn dk tTck txk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke Hkh ,glkl ,s dkScr fnyk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke lEeku ls thuk fl[kk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke tks fdlh ls oks gh dj fn[kk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke

us us us us us

us us us us

ftUn tkWu yqVk nh ftlus yrkM+ksa&iNkM+ksa dks txkus ds fy, [kwu ,s fny fpjkxksa esa tyk;k tqYerksa ds vU/sjksa dks Hkxkus ds fy, lfn;ksa lks, lekt dks txk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us vnuk lh fpaxkjh dks 'kksyk cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us nq'euksa ds fy, cEo dk xksyk cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us psgjksa ls csbekuksa ds ijnk gVk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us gks ldk u tks fdlh ls oks gh dj fn[kk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us ,s dkSe rsjs nnZ dh nok ds fy, tks gj 'kS dks dqjcka dj x;kA ckck lkgsc ds HkVds dkjok¡ dks tks eafty edlwn rd ys x;kA nfyrksa dk lj iQ[kz ls mQ¡pk mBk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us ek¡xus okyksa dks ck¡Vus okyk cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us eDdkj 'kSrkuksa ds fdyksa dks fgyk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us ftUnxh esa nfyrksa dh bUdykc yk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us gks ldk u tks fdlh ls oks gh dj fn[kk;k lkgsc dka'khjke us liQsn dkyh yky ihyh Vksfi;ksa esa ck¡Vus okys lekt dks HksM+ odfj;ksa ds jsoM+ksa esa gk¡dus okys lekt dks Hkh[k ek¡xus okyks dh Vksfy;ksa esa Nk¡Vus okys lekt dks bUlkuh;r ls nwj dgha etcksa esa iQk¡lus okys lekt dks csxSjrh ls dkSfM+;ksa ds Hkko cspus okys lekt dks vc etyweksa lkjs ,d gks] ukjk yxk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us eqYd Hkj ds cslgkjksa dks cgqtu cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us [kqn djhc vk xbZ eafty ft/j dne c<+k fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us loZ&lekt dh rkdr dk tyok fn[kk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us caxky] dU;k] d'ehj] dkjfxy fgyk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us gks ldk u tks fdlh ls oks gh dj fn[kk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke jiQ~rk&jiQ~rk dks;ys dks dqUnu cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke rsgjh[k ,s nfyrksa rkjh[k dk mUekn cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke euwokfn;ksa dk ns[kks rwraMw ctk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke fiQj ls [kkdks jsr dks pV~Vku cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke

us us us us us

gks ldk u tks fdlh ls ogh dj fn[kk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us ;s u'kk lk gesa D;k fiyk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us cqM~<ksa esa Hkh tks'k vks cksyckyk yk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us [kj vks [klks] xjn dks rwiQku cuk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us vkgk ;g D;k ls D;k deky dj fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us gks ldk u tks fdlh ls oks gh dj fn[kk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us jgs ek¡xrs nqvk,¡ yk[kks cjl dh rsjh mej ,s njkt ds fy, csrkc jgs Hkjs eteksa esa lquus dks fiQj rsjh vkokt ds fy, ukgh dksbZ ckr dh uk gh irk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us viuk lc dqN lekt dh osnh p<+k fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us ftlls Hkh feys mls viuk cuk fy;k lkgsc dka'khjke us eqf'dyksa is jkLrksa dh lnk eqLdkjk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us djhc vk xbZ eafty ft/j dne c<+k fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us jguqekbZ NksM+ dj gj fny fgyk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us fj'rk ,ss ftUnxh rksM+ dj lcdks :yk fn;k lkgsc dka'khjke us ,d mEehn dk nkeu Fkk NqM+k fy;k lkgsc dka'khjke us &lsokjeu] tEew okys 86] pk¡nuxj] tEeww&dk'ehj

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

lkgc dka'khjke us dkaxzsl lfgr mu lHkh ikfVZ;ksa dh iksy [kksy nh tks nfyr oxZ ds lkFk&lkFk lEi.kZ cgqtu oxZ dks oksV cSad dh n`f"V ls ns[krk gSA jkgqy xka/h mÙkj izns'k esa gj ekspZs ij foiQy gksus ds ckn Hkh lPpkbZ ugha Lohdkj dj jgs gSaA nfyrksa dks vkt og lc vf/dkj pkfg;sa tks lo.kksZ ds ikl gSa vkSj ,slk lksp dj oks xyr Hkh D;k dj jgs gSaA clik ikVhZ dk mn; Hkkjr dh lalnh; O;oLFkk dks liQy gksuk fl¼ djrk gS ftldk ewy edln ;gh gS fd yksdrU=k lHkh ds fy;s gSA yksdrU=k gj lkekftd fo"kerk dk gy gksrk gS vkSj bl ckr dks lkgc dka'khjke us lp lkfcr djds fn[kk;k gSA ;g ckr vyx gS fd clik ds mn; vkSj lkgc dka'khjke ds fl¼karksa ls euqoknh lksp okys yksx fp<+rs gSaA ysfdu ;g Hkh ,d rjg ls lkgc dka'khjke ds fopkjksa dh liQyrk gh dh tk;sxhA okLro esa lkgc dka'khjke ,d O;fDr ugha cfYd ,d fopkj gSa vkSj clik dsoy ,d jktuhfrd ikVhZ gh ugha cfYd ,d ØkfUr dk izrhd gSA gka clik ikVhZ dks laHky dj pyus dh t:jr gS D;kasfd 'kfDr ftruh cM+h gksrh gS ml ij fu;U=k.k Hkh mruk gh cM+k vko';d gSA D;kafd clik ds c<+rs jktuhfrd izHkko dks de djus ds fy;s euqoknh ehfM;k dk Hkh ,d oxZ yxk gqvk gS vkSj ;g ehfM;k dHkh Hkh ;g ugha pkgrk fd lekt esa ls czkã.kksa dk opZLo fdlh Hkh rjg ls de gksA - dka'khjke lkgc us Hkh ckck lkgsc dh rjg lekt dh mUufr ds fy;s yksdrkfU=kd rjhdksas dk lgkjk fy;kA vly esa ckck lkgsc tks vf/dkj lafo/ku ds }kjk nfyr lekt ds yksxksa dks ns x;s Fks mudk lgh rjhds ls bLrseky ugha gks ik jgk FkkA oksV nsus dk vf/ dkj feyk rks lfn;ksa dh xqykeh >sy pqds nfyr lekt ds yksxksa us lkspk dh pyks de ls de oksV nsus dk rks v/fdkj feyk ysfdu 'kk;n oks ;g ugha le> lds muds fn;s tkus okys oksV dk iQk;nk lo.kksZ dks gh fey jgk gSA nfyr lekt ds }kjk dkaxl sz dks fn;s tkuk okys oksV dk iQk;nk dkaxszl esa 'kh"kZ ij dkfct lo.kksZ dks feyrk FkkA lkHkkj% f'kYidkj VkbEl

dfork

29


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

VhIi.kh

30

Hkz"Vkpkjh dh dksbZ tkfr ugha gksrh

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jes'k xkSre

Hkkjr tkfr O;oLFkkoknh ns'k gSA ;gka O;fDr dh igpku mlds O;fDrRo ,oa d`frRo ls ugha cfYd mldh tkfr ls gksrh gSA tkfr ds vk/kkj ij gh O;fDr ds vkpkj&fopkj fu/ kZfjr fd, tkrs gSa vkSj vc rks gn gks xbZ Hkz"Vkpkj dks Hkh tkfr ls tksM+ dj ns[kk tk jgk gS tcfd Hkz"Vkpkj] Hkz"Vkpkj gh gksrk gS vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj djus okyk Hkz"Vkpkjh gksrk gS mldh dksbZ tkfr ugha gksrhA t;iqj esa vk;ksftr lkfgR; lEesyu esa lekt oSKkfud vk'kh"k uanh }kjk fn;k x;k oDrO; fd ,l-lh-@,lVh@vkschlh ds yksx T;knk Hkz"Vkpkjh gksrs gaS ljklj xyr vkSj lR; ls ijs gSA ,sls vlkekftd fopkjksa dks drbZ mfpr ugha Bgjk;k tk ldrk D;ksafd blls ,d oxZ dh Hkkouk dks Bsl igqaph gSA gj tkfr esa vPNs o cqjs yksx gksrs gSa fdlh ,d O;fDr dh xyrh dks iwjs lekt ij Fkksiuk rdZ laxr ugha gSA ;fn dksbZ O;fDr Hkz"Vkpkj djrk gS ;k dksbZ vijk/ djrk gS rks ;g mldk viuk O;fDrxr ekeyk gS mldh iwjh tkfr ds yksxksa dks dSls nks"kh Bgjk;k tk ldrk gS\ njvly Hkz"Vkpkj ,d ns'kO;kih leL;k gS ftldk fdlh tkfr fo'ks"k ls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha gSa orZeku le; esa Hkz"Vkpkj ,d O;olk; ds :i esa iQyiQwy jgk gSA Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dk ,d rU=k fodflr gks pqdk gS ftls lekIr fd;k tkuk vklku ugha gSA f'k{kkfon~] lekt fpard ,oa fopkjd dks ,slh fVIi.kh djus ls igys nl ckj lkspuk pkfg, Fkk fd ,sls c;kuksa ls lekt esa uQjr ,oa }s"k dh Hkkouk QSsyrh gS ftlls lekt esa vU;k; ,oa vR;kpkj dks c<+kok feyrk gSA ns'k dh ,drk ,oa v[kaMrk detksj gksrh gSA fo?kVudkjh 'kfDr;ksa ds ukikd bjknkas dks etcwrh feyrh gSA vkt lekt esa HkkbZpkjk iQSykus dh furkar vko';drk gSA D;ksafd lekt esa reke rjg dh fodzfr;ka iSnk gks jgh gSA lerk ykdj gh lekt dks ,d lw=k esa tksM+k tk ldrk gSA gkykafd bl dFkkdfFkr lekt oSKkfud ds vlkekftd c;ku ij lEesyu LFky ij

vfHkO;;fDr dh vktknh ds rks ge izcy i{k/kj gS ijUrq bldk eryc ;g dnkfi ugha le>uk pkfg, fd dksbZ Hkh O;fDr viuh vfHkO;fDr ds uke ij tks eu esa vk, og O;Dr djasA ns'k ds djksM+ks djskM+ yksxksa dh tuHkkoukvksa ls f[kyokM+ djus dk ijfeV fdlh dks Hkh ugha fn;k tk ldrkA

gh tcjnLr gaxkek gks x;k vkSj gj rjQ bl ?k`f.kr] fuanuh; vkSj tkfroknh fVIi.kh ij te dj vkykspuk gks jgh gS rks mUgksaus ehfM;k ij nks"k eM+ fn;k fd esjs c;ku dks rksM+&ejksM+ dj izLrqr fd;k gS tcfd eaSus ,slk dksbZ c;ku ugha fn;k gSA ;g loZfofnr gS fd vk'kh"k uanh us ,d ys[kd ds rkSj ij viuh ckr dgh FkhA blds fy, mudk dksbZ 'kks/k ugha gSA blfy, vc bl vlkekftd c;ku dks T;knk rwy ugha nsuk pkfg, D;ksafd muds Åij ,l-lh@,l-Vh ,DV ds rgr eqdn~ek dk;e gks x;k gSA lqizhe dksVZ us mudh fxj¶rkjh ij jksd yxk nh gS ojuk os tsy esa gksrsA gkykafd lqizhe dksVZ us mUgsa fgnk;r nh gS fd os dksbZ xSj ftEesnkjuk c;ku u nsa ftlls dksbZ fookn mRiUu gksA vc pwafd ekeyk U;k;ky; esa fopkjk/khu gS blfy, bl c;ku dks T;knk rwy nsuk mfpr ugha gSA vk'kh"k uanh dks ;g irk py x;k gS fd mUgksaus tks dqN dgk gS og lekt o ns'kfgr esa ugha gSA vfHkO;;fDr dh vktknh ds rks ge izcy i{k/kj gS ijUrq bldk eryc ;g dnkfi ugha le>uk pkfg, fd dksbZ Hkh O;fDr viuh vfHkO;fDr ds uke ij tks eu esa vk, og O;Dr djasA ns'k ds djksM+ks djskM+ yksxksa dh tuHkkoukvksa ls f[kyokM+ djus dk ijfeV fdlh dks Hkh ugha fn;k tk ldrkA lafo/ku dk vuqPNsn 19(1) tgka ij O;oLFkk nsrk gS fd ukxfjdksa dks vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=krk dk ekSfyd vf/kdkj izkIr gS ogh lafo/ku ;g Hkh dgrk gS fd vkidh vfHkO;fDr ls fdlh oxZ ;k O;fDr dks Bsl u igqapsA vk'kh"k uanh

*

us nfyr vkfnoklh ,oa fiNM+ksa dks vutkus esa lokZf/d Hkz"V djus dk v{kE; vijk/k ugha fd;k cfYd lksp le>dj iwokZxzg ls xzfLr ekufldrk dk ifjp; nsrs gq, viuh ckr dks fl¼ djus dk vliQy iz;kl fd;k gSA ftls dnkfi mfpr ugha Bgjk;k tk ldrkA vk'kh"k uanh dk c;ku lfn;ksa ls 'kks"k.k dk f'kdkj jgs ,d [kkl leqnk; ij maxyh mBkdj mUgksusa mlds lEekuiwoZd thou thus ds lafo/ku iznÙk vf/dkj dk mYya?ku fd;k gSA vly esa bl le; ns'k ds euqoknh lo.kZ iwjh rjg ls bl ckr ls Hk;Hkhr gS fd nfyr ,oa fiNM+k oxZ vc lekt esa yxkrkj vkxs c<+ jgk gSA igys bl oxZ us eaMy deh'ku dh fjiksVZ dk fojks/k fd;k] tc ckr ugha cuh rks vc inksUufr esa vkj{k.k dk fojks/ dj jgs gSA vktknh ds iSalB o"kksZ ckn Hkh lkekftd vkykspd ,l-lh-@,l-Vh-vkSj vkschlh ds f[kykQ ,slh ekufldrk j[krs gSa rks vkxs D;k gky gksxk vanktk yxk;k tkuk vklku gS\ vkt tc fd vuqlwfpr tkfr @vuqlwfpr tutkfr ,oa vU; fiNM+s oxZ ds yksx viuh esgur o yXu ls thou ds gj {ks=k esa reke ck/kvksa ds ckotwn viuh ;ksX;rk ,oa {kerk ls mUUkfr ,oa fodkl ds fy, iz;kljr gS rc ,sls csrqds c;ku ls Li"V gks tkrk gS fd ladqfpr ekufldrk ds yksx vHkh Hkh tkfroknh joS;k viuk, gq, gaS vkSj vius vUnj lekt ds detksj oxZ ds izfr }s"k o frjLdkj dh Hkkouk latks, gq, gSaA os ugha pkgrs fd ;s oxZ lekt dh eq[;/kkjk esa 'kkfey gksA mldks eku&lEeku feys A


la?k"kZ

@

Hkxoku nkl ^lqtkr*

Hkkjr o"kZ dh lM+h&xyh] euqoknh O;oLFkk esa djksMk+ as vNwrksa nfyrksa dks ikuh ihus dh ckr rks NksfM+;As ;gk¡ ds lkoZtfud LFkkuksa dq,a] rkykc ,oa jkLrksa ij pyus dk Hkh vf/ dkj ugha FkkA ,sls esa ijeiwT;uh;] ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj th us lerk lSfud ny dh LFkkiuk 24 flrEcj 1924 esa lerk lekt la?k ds :i esa dh Fkh mlh laxBu dk :i ijofrZr dj 19&20 ekpZ 1927 dks (army equiwlty fource) ds :i esa dhA rFkk egkM+ ds pkonkj rkykc ls nfyrksa dh os ikuh ihus dk gd gd dh yM+kbZ Lo;a ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj thus 'kq: dhA bl Hkkjrh; O;oLFkk eas dqÙks] fcYyh] tkuoj rks rkykcksa ,oa lkoZtfud LFkkuksa ls ikuh ih ldrs Fks ysfdu ;gk¡ ds nfyrksa dks ikuh ihus dh ckr rks cgqr nwj lkoZtfud jkLrksa ij pyus dk Hkh vf/dkj ugha FkkA ,sls esa ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj tks lerk lSfud ny ds lSukuh Fks ds usrRo esa ;g vkUnksyu pykA vkSj vkxs pydj ;g fot; lekr lSfud ny us gkfly dh ;ksa rks ckck lkgsc }kjk LFkkfir lerk lSfud ny dk yEck bfrgkl gSA ukfld ds dkykjke efUnj eas izos'k dk vkUnksyu gh] vFkok ukxiqj dh nh{kk Hkwfe eas ckS¼&/eZ nh{kk ds fnu 14 vDVwcj 1956 dks lerk lSfud ny ds yx Hkx ipkl gtkj lSfud O;oLFkk esa FksA ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj th ds egkifjfuokZ.k ds i'pkr f'kM~;wYM dkLV iQsMjs'ku dk uke ifjofrZr dj fjifCydu ikVhZ vkWiQ bafM;k j[k fn;kA Hkhe vuq;k;h lerk lSfud ny dk flikgh Fkk] ogh fjifCydu ikVhZ vkWiQ bf.M;k ,oa Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk dk Hkh lnL; gksrk FkkA vktknh dh nks n'kdksa ds i'pkr gh fjifCydu ikVhZ vkWiQ bf.M;k] lerk lSfud ny ,oa Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk esa Hkkjh fo[kjko vk x;k rFkk lerk lSfud ny dk vkUnksyu egkjk"Vª izns'k ,oa fonHkZ jkT; rd gh lhfer jg x;kA dkiQh vUrjky ds i'pkr 14 vizSy 1985&86 esa lerk lSfud ny dh ,d vge cSBd fnYyh ds MkW- vEcsMdj Hkou ij gqbZ ftlesa lsB lqUnj yky] egk'k; gjnso flag]

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

lerk lSfud ny dk ,sfrgkfld la?k"kZ

31 ckck lkgsc lqikS=k lEekuh; izdk'k jko vEcsMdj czÞethr usrk th eksgu yky xkSre] izksiQslj ;ksxUæ dokMs] cq¼ fiz; ekS;Z] la?k fiz; xkSre th-vkj-lkxj iafMr Vh-vkjvkUkUn psrjke Hkk"dj] vkse izdk'k xkSre] dqekj lSu ckS¼] Hkxoku nkl ,MoksdsV dh izsj.kk Lo:i lerk lSfud ny dh deku mEesn flag xkSre ds gkFkksa esa lkSia h xbZA J¼s; mEesn flag xkSrd ds usr`Ro esa ik¡p lnL;h; la;kstd Vhe ftlesa loZ J¼s; mEesn flag xkSre ,u-ih- fu'kkUr] ch-Mh- lqtkr] ts-ih- ukxoa'kh ,oa MkWlh-ih- flag us iqu% Hkkjr esa lerk lSfud ny dks LFkkfir djus dk dke fd;s vkSj mEesn flag xkSre ds usr`Ro esa vusd egRoiw.kZ ,sfrgkfld dk;Z fd;s x;sA Hkjriqj dk dqEgsdj dk.M] eqEcbZ dk ?kkVdksij] lkanwiqj] nsoyh] csy{kh] iuokM+h Hkksik] >qa>uw] gfLrukiqj jks>k&Hkaxsy] nqyhuk] lksuhir >>j vkfn nfyrksa ds mRihM+u esa lerk lSfud ny us U;k; fnykus dk dke fd;kA lkFk gh fnYyh dh fo/ku lHkk] MkW- vEcsMdj Hkou jkuh >kalh jksM jktLFkku ds t;iqj >kyuokMh esa MkW- vEcsMdj dh izfrek yxokus ds lkFk&lkFk 26 vyhiqj jksM dk jk"Vªh; Lekjd cuokus gsrq la?k"kZ fd;kA vkt Hkh lerk lSfud ny nfyrksa ds gd&gdwe dh yM+kbZ crZeku jk"Vªh; vè;{k xq:pj.k flag ds usr`Ro esa yM+us dk dk;Z dj jgk gSaA bl Vhe esa eq[; lpsrd ekuoh; ds-ihukxoa'kh] jk"Vªh; ofj"B mikè;{k ch-Mhlqtkr] jk"Vªh; iz/ku egklfpo jktsUæ xkSre ,MoksdsV ,oa jk"Vªh; egklfpo jktu xkSre dh ns[k&js[k esa lerk lSfud ny dk la?k"kZ

tkjh gSA lerk lSfud ny vEcsMdj oknh lekt ds cq¼thfo;k¡] [kkl dj cgknqj lSfud lSfudkvksa@ Nk=k@Nk=kkvksa dks vkOgku djrk gS fd og bl esa tqMus dk dke djsaA ftlls ny dk dkjok¡ rhoz xfr ls py ldsA lerk lSfud ny ds jk"Vªh; iz/ku egklfpo jktsUæ xkSre ,MoksdsV th erkuqlkj ny fu%'kqYd f'k{kk dsUæksa dh LFkkiuk dj jgk gSA tks nfyr oxZ ds yksx FkksMh+ ljdkjh ukSdfj;k¡ dh ctg ls vkxs c<s FksA og euqoknh O;oLFkk ds ikS"kdksa jkl ugha vk jgk gSA f'k{kk dh nksgjh uhfr izkjEHk dj nh gSA ljdkjh fo|ky;ksa esa feM&Ms ehy izkjEHk dj nfyrksa ds gkFkksa esa iqLrdksa ds LFkku ij Hkh[k :i dVksjk ns fn;k gSaA blls ns'k dh lEiw.kZ f'k{kk iz.kkyh pjejk xbZ gSA uo Hkkjr dh lEikndh; ds vuqlkj mPp f'k{kk dk xzkiQ cgqr uhps fxj x;k gSA tks Hkkjr ds fy, ,d dyad gS rFkk nfyrksa dks iqUk% xqyke cukus dh fn'kk esa euqokfn;ksa esa 30 o"kZ igys gh dke djuk izkjEHk dj fn;k FkkA ftldk ifj.kke nfyr oxZ ds yksx Hkqxrus ds fy, rS;kj gks tk;sA lerk lSfud ny vkidks vkxkg djrk gS fd vki yksx ?kj&?kj ls ,d lSfud] lerk lSfud ny esa nhaaA rFkk yk[kksa dh la[;k esa bdV~Vk gksdj ftl izdkj vUuk us vkUnksyu pyk;k FkkA mlh rjg lerk lSfud ny ds usrRo esa jktuhfrd egRok dk dka{kk ,oa in yksyqirk NksM+dj vius gdksa dks ikus gsrq la?k"kZ ds fy, rS;kj gks tkb;sa ojuk rqEgkjh vxyh ih<+h rqEgsa ekiQ ugha djsxhA (ys[kd% lerk lSfud ny ds ofj"B mikè;{k gSaA)


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

dgkuh

fr";jf{krk

32

@

y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj

egy ds vUnj fiNokM+s lqUnj okfVdk esa fofo/ izdkj ds jax fojaxs lqxfU/ r iq"i f[kys gSaA rkM&rEey] v'kksd] cksf/o`{k vk'oLr (ihiy) vkfn ?kuh Hkwr Nk;k nkj o`{kksa dh gfj;kyh lgt gh eu dks eksg ysrh gSaA vkez larjk] uhow yhph vkfn iQy iwQyksa ds Hkkj ls >qds gq, cksus o`{k ns[krs gh curs gSaA 'khry eUn&lqxU/ iwokZ o;kj okrkoj.k dks vkuUn foHkksj djrhA lezkV nsokuk fiz; fiz;n'khZ v'kksd viuh ubZ uosyh ;kSou ls Hkj iwj viwoZ lqUnjh egkjkuh fr";jf{krk dh dfV esa dj Mkys eU;j xfr ls okfVdk eas ifjHkze.k dj jgsa gSaA rfud Bsj dj egkjkt us egkjkuh dh vk¡[kksa esa vk¡[ks Mkydj dgk egkjkuh rqEgkjh >hy ls vk¡[kksa esa Mwok tk jgk gw¡A rqEgkjs v/jksa dh e/qe; efnjk iku dj jl foHkksj gks x;k gw¡A rqEgkjh tSlh viwoZ lqUnjh ikdj /U; gks x;kA esjh <yrh vk;q dgk¡ ;g dxnjk;k onu] ;kSou dks ngyht ij [kM+h rqe lqUnjrk dh lk{kkr

ewfrZA fr";jf{krk&ugha egkjkt! dgka rks eSa nklh iq=kh dgka ex/ ds lezkV\ egkjkt! nklh vius iz.k; rFkk izk.kukFk ij xoZ djrhA vkt tSls egku /Ee fiz; lezkV] ohj izq:"k dh v/kZXuha gksus dk xoZ gSA vius viwoZ lkSna ;Z vkSj O;ogkj dq'kyrk ds dkj.k fr";jf{krk nklh iq=kh ls ex/ dh egkjkuh xbZ FkhA lezkV ds jkt dkt eas Hkh og gkFk cVkus yxh FkhA jkt dqaokj egsUæ vkSj jkt dqokjh la?kfe=kk ds vfrfjDr nks vksj iq=k FksA ftudk uke dq.ky vkSj frojA egsUæ vkSj la?kfe=kk dh ekrk dk uke nsoh Fkk tks mTtSu ds lk[; oa'kh; ,d Js"Bh dh dU;k FkhA dq.kky dh ekrk dk uke la?k vlaf/fl=k vkSj froj dh ekrk dk dkyqokdh FkkA buds vfrfjDr pkSFkh jkuh dk uke in~ekorh Fkk vkSj fr"; jf{krk ik¡pksa jkfu;ksa esa dfu"V FkhA dq.kky dk vlyh uke /eZ o/Zu Fkk dq.kky dh vk¡[ks fgeky; {ks=k esa ik;s tkus okys dq.kky uke ds i{kh ds ln`'k vkÑ"kd Fkh] blh fy, mldks dq.kky dgus yxs FksA jktdqekj dq.kky cgq vk;keh izfrHkk ds /uh FksA ohj] es/koh] 'khyoku] 'kkfUr fpUr] /hj xEHkhj] vkÑ"kZd O;fDrRo ls lEiUu dqekj lHkh ds psgrs FksA dq.kky laxhr dyk esa

fuiq.k Fks okalqjh oknu fu".kkr dq.kky dh jkt ifjokj esa fo'ks"k ifgpku FkhA dq.kky dk fookg dapu ekyk uke dh lqUnj&lq'khy dU;k ls gqvk FkkA dq.kky dk nkaEiR; thou lq[kh Fkk] fdUrq foekrk fr";jf{krk us muds lq[kh thou esa tgj ?kksy fn;kA og iq=k leku jktdqekj dq.kky ij vklDr gks x;h vkSj vizR;{k :i ls vius ,dkdh iz.k; dks iznf'kZr djus yxhA jkt dqekj foekrk ds nwf"kr euksHkko ls loZFkk vufHk{k Fks fr";jf{krk dq.kky ds :i yko.; ,oa ok¡lqjh dh èkqfu ij tku fNM+drh FkhaA /hjs&/hjs fr";jf{krk ds eu dq.kky ds izfr ,d rjiQk I;kj dh Hkkouk izoy gksrh pyh xbZA volj ikdj ,d fnu fr";jf{krk us leLr i;kZnkvksa dks ya?kdj vius iz.k; dh dq.kky ds le{k Li"V :i ls ;kpuk djus esa rfud Hkh ladksp ugha fd;k ^^foekrk dh futZyrk ns[kdj dq.kky vk'pZ; pfdr jg x;k jktdqekj us vk¡[ks uhps dj fouezrk ds lkFk dgk& ^^ekrk rqEgkjs fy, ;g dqØqR; mfpr ughaA** &fr";jf{krk vius dqÑR; esa vliQy gksus ls jktdqekj dh ?kksj 'k=kq cu xbZA mlus dq.kky dks lcd fl[kkus dh Bku yh vkSj ,sls volj dh ryk'k esa jgus yxhA la;ksx ls mls ,d volj fey Hkh x;kA ,d ckj r{kf'kyk esa vpkud foæksg HkM+d mBk vkSj ogk¡ x`g ;q¼ tSlh fLFkfr mRiUu gks xbZA ml le; dq.kky mTtSu ds mijktk Fks lezkV v'kksd us mTtSu ls jktdqekj dks cqykdj r{kf'kyk esa foæksg 'kkfUr djus ds fy, HkstkA dq.kky dh iRuh dapu ekyk Hkh muds lkFk r{kf'kyk xbZA dq.kky us dqN gh fnuksa esa r{kf'kyk dh iztk dk eu eksg fy;k foæksg 'kkUr gks x;kA iztk iwoZoy gh [kq'k gkyh rFkk vkeksn izeksn dk thou fcrkus yxhA mlh le; foekrk fr";jf{krk us ;g >wBh viQokg iQSyknh fd jktdqekj dq.kky rks foæksfg;ksa ls fey x;s gS]a vkSj vius firk ds fo:¼ ;kstuk cuk jgsa gSaA ml le; lezkV v'kksd vLoLFk py jgs FksA dq.kky ls cnyk ysus dh fiQjkd esa cSBh fr";jf{krk us ekSds dh ut+kdr dks Hkkaidj vkSj volj dk ykHk mBk dj ,d jkt i=k r{kf'kyk fHktok;k ftlesa jktdqekj dq.kky dh nksuksa vk¡[ks fudkyus dh jktkKk tkjh dh


y?kq&dFkk

egkdkyh

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

xbZ FkhA fr";jf{krk us jktkKk ij lezkV dh eksagj yxk dj gLrk{kj dj fn;sA ml le; egkjkt ds vLoLFk jgus ds dkj.k fr";jf{krk gh jkt dkt laHkky jgha FkhA dq.kky vkKk dkjh iq=k FksA mUgksua s fouk fdlh ladksp ds jktkKk dk lEeku djrs gq, viuh nksuksa vk¡[ks fudkyus dh vuqefr ns nhA bl vugksuh ?kVuk ls lezkV v'kksd dks vufHkK gh j[kk x;kA dq.kky viuh iRuh dapu ekyk ds lkFk ck¡ljq h ctkrs] ekaxrs] [kkrs] r{kf'kyk dh lhek ls ckgj gks x;sA pyrs&pyrs nksuksa izk.kh ,d fnu ikVfyiq=k igq¡p x;sA ck¡lqjh ctkrss gq, dq.kky ikVfyiq=k dh ofLr;ksa esa fHk{kkVu dj jgs FksA ck¡lqjh dh e/qj èofu egkjkt v'kksd ds dkuksa esa iM+hA ck¡lqjh dh èofu lqudj egkjktk v'kksd dks jktdqekj dq.kky dh ;kn lrkus yxhA egkjkt us nksuksa fHk[kkfj;ksa dks egy esa cqyck;kA egkjkt v'kksd us dq.kky dks ifgpku fy;k vkSj mudks vikj nq%[k gqvkA tc lezkV v'kksd dks ;g fofnr gqvk fd dq.kky dh nksuksa vk¡[ks fudy okus esa jkuh fr";jf{krk dk gkFk gS rks os Øks/ ls dk¡ius yxsA lezkV us mlh le; fr";jf{krk dks njokj esa cqykus dh vkKk nh ijUrq lsodksa us jkuh fr";jf{krk ds egy ls okfil vkdj lezkV dks lwfpr fd egkjkuh fr";jf{krk us vkRe gR;k dj yhA egkjkt v'kksd us ;qojkt dq.kky ls vkxzg fd;k& ^^vc eSa cw<+k gks x;k gw¡A rqe ex/ dks jkt xn~nh laHkkyksA** fdUrq dq.kky us fHk{kq la?k esa nhf{kr gksdj dqDdVkjke egkfogkj esa jgus j{kk O;Dr dhA dapu ekyk us Hkh ifr dk vuq'kj.k djrs gq, fHk{kq.kh la?k esa nh{kk ysyhA dq.kky vf/d le; rd thfor ugha jgsA ifjfuokZ.k gksus ij mudh vfLFk;ksa dks r{k f'k{kk ys tk;k x;k ftl LFkku ij dq.kky dh vka[ks fudkyh xbZ Fkha mlh LFkku ij lezkV v'kksd us dq.kky ds / koq vo'ks"kksa ij ,d Lrwi dk fuekZ.k dj ok;kA vkt Hkh ml Lrwi ds [k.M gj r{kf'kyk (xkU/kj izns'k) esa ns[ks tk ldrs gSaA fr";jf{krk dks ckS¼ txr esa nq%'khy dy fduh ekuk tkrk gSA ys[kd% Hkkjrh; nfyr lkfgR; eap (iath)] ds laj{kd gSaA

33 HkO; eafnj vkSj eafnj esa Hkxokuksa dh lk{kkr~ izfrek,a vkSj mu izfrekvksa esa Lo;a dks yhu fd, iqtkjh lfPpnkuan egkjkt¬¬] yksxksa dh vkLFkk vkSj fo'okl ds izrhd] èkeZ dk izfrfcEcA cM+s&cM+s usrk] vfHkusrk] nkuohj vkSj MkWu] rks ekfiQ;k ls ysdj èkuh vkSj fuèkZu] Hkxokuksa esa fdruh J¼k dksbZ ugha tkurk ysfdu iqtkjh ds fy, viuk loZLo viZ.k djus okys yksxksa dk rkark yxk jgrk FkkA iqtkjh th dk ojngLr ftl ij mBrk ekuks èkU; gks tkrk FkkA iqtkjh th Fkwdrs rks muds Fkwd dks yksx vatqyh esa Hkj ysrs ekuks LoxZ ls ve`r o"kkZ gks jgh gksA lkseokj ls 'kfuokj rd iqtkjh th vius HkDrksa ds fy, vk'khokZn nsus dks rRij jgrs Fks ysfdu---------------ysfduA jfookj ds fnu eafnj can jgrkA eafnj ds xHkZxg` esa gh iqtkjh th dh yhyk,a gksrhaA ekal] efnjk ds lkFk&lkFk dU;k ;k yM+dh yk;h tkrh yxrk ekuks dU;k dks ojnku fey jgk gksA dU;k vius dks èkU; ekurhA ;g Øe vfojy py jgk FkkA ml fnu nqHkkZX;o'k] dU;k dk izcaèku u gks ldk Fkk rks HkDr vR;ar xjhc ]fuèkZu dh dU;k dks idM+ yk, FksA iqtkjh th ds pgsrksa us mls ijksl fn;k Fkk muds lkeusA fxM+fxM+krh jgh Fkh cspkjh ysfdu iqtkjh th rks iqtkjh Bgjs vk'khokZn fn, fcuk dgk ekaurs A rHkh u tkus D;k lw>h ml dU;k dks fd mlus eka dh izfrek ds gkFkksa esa yxh ryokj [khap yh Fkh vkSj ,d gh okj esa okluk dh vkx esa vaèks iqtkjh th dk fyax dkV fy;k FkkA iqtkjh th iQM+iQM+kus yxs Fks vkSj muds eqag ls ph[k fudy xbZ FkhA rHkh muds pgsrs Hkkxrs gq, pys vk, FksA cscl yM+dh ds gkFk esa ryokj ns[kdj HkkSpDds jg x, Fks lHkhA mldh vka[kksa esa Øksèk Fkk] fonzksg Fkk vkSj cnyk ysus dk bjknk A lHkh ,d lkFk fpYyk, Fks ^ns[kks ;g rks egkdkyh gSA------------------------ugha--------------ugha bl ij egkdkyh dh lokjh vk xbZ gSA yM+dh pfdr FkhA ,d gh iy esa ihM+k ls iQM+iQM+krs iqtkjh th dks u tkus dgka xk;c dj fn;k x;k FkkA lHkh yM+dh dks egkdkyh&egkdkyh iqdkjs pys tk jgs FksA ys[kd@ dFkkdkj& MkW-iwju flag] laidZ lw=k&986846388


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

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ykWMZ cq¼k ,tqd's ku lkslk;Vh (iath0) Reistered Under Societies Registration Act 1860 (Act No. XXI of 1860) Registration No. 2739/2009-10 Head Quarter : "Rajgirh" # 192,Mmta Enclave, Dhakoli,Tehsil Derabassi, Distt.S.A.S. Na gar b, (In dia), 160104 Nagar gar,, Punja Punjab, (India), Cell: +91-9464741610,+91-1762-300230,E-mail:prkedee@gmail.com

34Society Re gistr ed un der sec.12-A, of in com T ax Act-1961, Reg istred under incom Tax Society Registred under sec.12-A, of incom Tax Act-1961, Don ation ar e ex empted U/S 80-G of In com eT ax Act 1961 Dona are exempted Incom come Tax f'kf{kr cuks a! /Eenku !

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fgUnh nfyr lkfgR; ds cgqpfpZr gLrk{kj gS dfo@dFkkdkj MkW- dqlqe ^fo;ksxh*A nfyr dfork dks fgUnh {ks=k esa mUgksaus ,d ubZ mQpkbZ iznku dh gSA vius igys dkO; laxzg O;oLFkk ds fo"k/j* (1995) ls nfyr lkfgR;dkjksa ds chp viuh ,d vuwBh igpku cukbZ ;wa rks ;g 1970 ls gh fofHkUu lkekftd@/kfeZd vkUnksyuksa ls tqMs+ gSAa vkSj rHkh ls lrr~ ys[ku eas tqVs gSaA fgUnh nfyr lkfgR; esa vkRe dFkkRed dFkk ys[ku dh og ijEijk 'kq: dh ftlls nfyr lekt esa ?kfVr dks jgs vkUrfjd ifjorZu dh lkiQ èofu budh dFkkvksa eas izfr èofur gksrh gSa ^pkj bap dh dye* budk izFke dgkuh laxzg gSA ftldh izR;sd dFkk lekt ds vry vU/dwi eas Mwcs gq, yksxksa dh O;Fkk&dFkk dgrh gSA ^vkSj og i<+ xbZ* dgkuh dFkk lkfgR; dh ,d ,sfrgkfld jpuk cu iM+h gSA ;aw rks budh izR;sd jpuk nfyr lkfgR; dh ,d Lej.kh; /jksgj gSA ^O;oLFkk ds fo"k/j* dh ,d dfork ^cw<+h* lkekftd Lrj ij cM+h eagxh lkfcr gqbAZ ftl lekt dh folaxfr ij mUgksaus izgkj fd;k mlh dk [kkrk ihrk eè; oxZ mudk fojks/ gks x;k vkSj ,d lkgc rks mls vius thou dh ?kVuk gh eku cSBs vkSj my tqywy rd bUgsa dg Mkyk ogha dqN ys[kd muds fojks/h Hkh cu iM+sA vkSj og lTtu rks ^O;oLFkk ds fo"k/j* dh Ñfr tykus ,oa fojks/ esa iksLVj rd fudkyus dks mrk: gks x, vkSj dgus yxs ;g rks nfyr lekt dk lqyseku :'nh gSA izxfr'khy ,oa tukoknh laLdkj dks ,oa /Ddk&lk yxk vkSj lHkk xksf"B;ks esa lkfgR; ds lkSan;Z 'kkL=k] csykx Hkk"kk ij rh[ks izgkj djus yxs fgUnh {ks=k esa nfyr lkfgR; ds rki dks ns[kdj dyk ds uke ij dyk ckft;ka [kkus yxsA tks yksx vkj{k.k dk ykHk ysdj ljdkjh ukSdfj;ksa eas vkSj jktuhfr esa vkdj lekt eas /uh ,oa lEekfur gks x, Fks] muds vanj ,d vthc lh mFky&iqFky ep xbZA nfyr tkfr ds viQljksa ,oa jktusrkvksa

dks nc dj yFksM+k vkSj muds vrhr ds bfrgkl dks nksgjk;kA nfyr lekt ds mQij ?kfVr gksus okyh izR;sd ?kVuk buds eu efLr"d dks >d>ksj dj j[k nsrh gSA MkWdqlqe ^fo;ksxh* MkW- vEcsMdj fopkj /kjk ds dêðj vuq;kbZ gSaA tkss lerk] eS=kh cU/qRo Hkko ds fy, viuh ys[kuh lefiZr fd, gq, gSAa ,d vkSj Lo.kZ lekt dk tkfr xr frjLdkj nwljh vkSj ?kj ifjokj ,oa lekt dk fojks/ ek=k lPp mxus Hkj ls] dSlh foMEcuk gSA dSlk viuk vkSj ftykyrA fiQj

Hkh fopkj /kjk ij vfM+x u VwVus okyk lkgl] ftudh ys[kuh ls fy[kk izR;sd v{kj&v{kj vkx dh m"ek fy, gSA ckYehfd lekt us mudh dgkuh ^^vkSj og i<+ xbZ** dkiQh ljkgh gh ugha vfirq iQksVks dkih djk dj ?kj ys tkrs vkSj eu ls mldk ikB PkkSiky ij djrsA ,d fnu ,d czkã.k iM+kSlh ?kj vk;k vkSj dgus yxk MkW- lkgc viuh ,d fdrkc gesa Hkh nks eSa i<+uk pkgrk gwAa rks bUgksua s dgk dkSu lh fdrkc esjh fy[kh rks dbZ fdrkcsa gS ijUrq og uke u ys dlk ijUrq lekt esa ys[ku dh ppkZ vo'; djrs vkSj mUgksaus ^O;oLFkk ds fo"k/j* dh ,d izfr fu%'kqYd ns nhA iUus myV&iqyV dj dgus yxk gka ;gh fdrkc gSA ekuksa phu dh dksbZ yky fdrkc gksA MkW- dqlqe ^fo;ksxh* lrr vè;;u 'khy gSaA mudh futh iqLrdky; lkfgR;] n'kZu] ckS¼ ,oa vEcsMdj okM+e; ls Hkj

iM+k gS MkW- vEcsMdj ,oa cq¼ n'kZu ls dkiQh izHkkfor gSA Lo;a vEcsMdjoknh cqf¼LV gSA fgUnh ds nfyr lkfgR;dkjksa ds fo"k; esa ckr djrs gq, dkiQh fujk'k gksrs gSA dkSu gS lgh ek;us nfyr lkfgR;dkjA tks vxqvk curs gSaA oks nfyr lkfgR; esa nfyr tuokn dh dye jksaius esa yxs gSA D;k dgsa bu voljokfn;ksa dks [kSj eSa rks vk'kk oknh gwaA vkt ugha rks dy lekt budh izfr c¼rk dk ewY;kadu vo'; djsxkA MkW- dqlqe ^fo;ksxh* vEcsMdj vuq;kbZ gksus ds lkFk&lkFk fdlh O;fDr fo'ks"k tkfr ds fojks/h ugha vfirq ,d lerkoknh n`f"Vdks.k ds izcy leFkZd gSaA jk"Vª dh ,drk ,oa v[k.Mrk ds fy, lerk] eS=kh] cU/qRo Hkko dh vfHko`f¼ ds izcy leFkZd gh ugha oju iks'kd dfo@dFkkdkj gSA vkt ds usrk lekt esa tkfr fo¼s"k iQSykdj lekt esa viQjk rjiQjh iQSykuk pkgrs gSA ,slh {kwæ ekufldrk okyksa dks ge lc dks mfpr tckc nsuk pkfg,A ftldk ,d ek=k fodYi gSA mfpr O;fDr dks pqudj ns'k dh laln esa igqapkuk u fd HksM+ dh [kky esa HksfM+;ksa dks pqudjA vktdy vki nfyr lkfgR; esa dFkk lkfgR; dk c`¼ lEiknu dk;Z esa tqVs gSaA ftlesa ,d dk;Ziwjk gks pqdk gSA (1)pfpZr nfyr dgkfu;ka (2)nfyr efgyk dFkkdkjksa dh dgkfu;ka (3) fgUnh nfyr dFkk dks"k (nks Hkkxks)a esa dk;Z yxHkx iw.kZrk dh vksj gSA vkidh vc rd 6 iqLrdsa izdkf'kr gks pqdh gSaA yxHkxo 20 Ñfr;ka vizdkf'kr gSaA cky lkfgR; Hkh fy[kk gSA vki ,d dq'ky fopkjd] lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ vè;s;rk i=kdkj fof/osrk ,oa oDrk Hkh gSaA gky gh esa mudk u;k dkO;&laxzg ^^v{kj&v{kj vkx** 'kh?kz izdk'; gSA tks nfyr lkfgR; dks vkSj le`¼ djsxkA mUgha dh iafDr;ksa ls %& ^^vU;k; dk fujUrj fojks/ gksaA U;k; dh ijEijk dk cks/ gksAA vkilh fo'okl ds fy,] uo l`tu dh Mksj Fkke yksA**

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

fgUnh nfyr lkfgR; dk f'k[kj iq:"k

35


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

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ckS¼ /eZ dh yksdfiz;rk vkt nqfu;k Hkj eas ppkZ dk fo"k; cu xbZ gSA ,slk vdkj.k ugha gqvk gSA bl xgu ppkZ dk dkj.k vfr mRlkgtud nks lekpkj gSaA igyk lekpkj ckS¼ lk/uk i¼fr ds mRlkgiwoZd ifj.kkeksa dks lkfcr djrs gq, fnukad 2 uoacj] 2012 ds nSfud fgUnqLrku lekpkji=k (ubZ fnYYkh) esa izdkf'kr gqvk Fkk] tks bl izdkj gS& oSKkfudksa] us ryk'kk nqfu;k dk lcls [kq'kgky balku yanu] ,tsafl;ka&gj balku pkgrk gS fd og [kq'k jgsA mls fdlh ckr dh fiQØ u lrk,] dksbZ xe u gksA exj pkgdj Hkh ,slk gks ugha ikrkA ysfdu ,d ckS¼ fHkD[kq ,slk gS ftls lpeqp dksbZ xe ugha gS vkSj og bl nqfu;k dk lcls [kq'kgky balku gSA oSKkfudksa us 66 o"khZ; eSF;w fjdMZ dks nqfu;k dk lcls [kq'kgky O;fDr crk;k gSA fjdMZ ds efLr"d dh LdSfuax dk vè;;u djus ds ckn mUgksaus ;g nkok fd;kA djhc 40 lky igys fjdMZ us HkkSfrdoknh nqfu;k ls eqga eksM+ fy;k Fkk vkSj cksf/ dh izkfIr ds fy, Hkkjr vk x, FksA rc ls mudk vf/dka'k le; è;ku (esfMVs'ku) esa xqtjrk gSA fjdMZ bls gh viuh [kq'kh vkSj larq"V thou dk jgL; crkrs gSaA og frCcr ds vkè;kfRed xq: nykbZ ykek ds Hkh csgn djhch gSaA iwoZ esa gq, vè;;u esa è;ku ds dbZ iQk;ns lkeus vk pqds gSa] ysfdu bl vè;;u ls irk pyk gS fd ;g balku ds [kq'k jgus dh {kerk dks c<+k nsrk gSA foLdkaflu ;wfuoflZVh ds oSKkfudksa us vius vè;;u esa lSdM+ksa yksxksa dks 'kkfey fd;k tks fu;fer è;ku djrs FksA izeq[k

'kks/drkZ o U;wjkslkbafVLV fjpMZ MsfoMlu us eSF;w ds efLr"d dh LdSfuax djus ds fy, muds flj ij dbZ rkj yxk,] ftuls 256 laslj tqM+s FksA mUgksaus ik;k fd eSF;w tc cgqr xgjkbZ esa tkdj è;ku djrs gSa rks muds efLr"d esa xkek rjaxs mBrh gSaA ;s rjaxs psruk] lko/kuh vkSj ;knnk'r ls tqMh+ gksrh gSa vkSj fjdMZ dks [kq'k gksus dk vuqHko nsrh gSA MsfoMlu us crk;k fd blls igys fdlh Hkh LdSfuax esa bl rjg ds ifj.kke ugha feys FksA oSKkfudksa us fjdMZ ds efLr"d ds ck,a fgLls esa fLFkr izhizQaVy dksVZsDl esa Hkh cgqr lfØ;rk ikbZA bl dkj.k Hkh mUgsa cgqr maQpa Lrj ij [kq'k jgus dh vuqHkwfr gksrh gS] lkFk gh udkjkRedrk dk Lrj ?kVrk pyk tkrk gSA 'kks/drkZvksa us bl voLFkk dks ^U;wjksIykfLVflVh* uke fn;k gSA mudk dguk gS fd ;g vè;;u bl

ckr dks le>us esa ubZ fn'kk nsxk fd D;ksa dqN yksx cgqr [kq'k jgrs gSa] tcfd ckdh yksx ,slk ugha dj ikrsA fczVsu ds 4000 lSfud cks/x;k vk;saxs vHkh dqN fnu gh chrs Fks] rqjar nwljk lekpkj Hkh ckS¼ lk/uk i¼fr ds egÙo dks trkus okyk izxV gks x;kA ;g lekpkj fnukad 12 fnlacj] 2012 ds ^jk"Vªh; lgkjk* uked lekpkj i=k esa izdkf'kr gqvk FkkA lekpkj bl izdkj Fkk& fczVus ds lSfud viQxku o bjkd ;q¼ esa yM+us ds dkj.k euksoKS kfud chekfj;ksa ls ihfM+r gks x, gSAa euksoKS kfud chekjh ^iksLV VªkeSfVd LVªsl fMLvkMZj (ihVhMh,l) ls ihfM+r ,sls 4000 lSfudksa dks è;ku o ekufld nckoksa ls mcjus ds fy, fcgkj fLFkr cks/x;k Hkstk tk,xkA fczVsu ds


gy&py dkj.k gS tks izkphu ikfy lkfgR; esa rkyk (ykWd) 'kCn <a<w us ij Hkh ugha feyrkA tc rd bl ns'k esa ckS¼ /Ee dk lkezkT; jgkA bl ns'k ij dHkh dksbZ vkØe.k ugha gqvkA ;g ,sfrgkfld :i ls izekf.kr lR; gS fd T;ksa gh bl ns'k ls ckS¼ /Ee dks cyiwoZd [knsM+k x;k] R;ksa gh ;g Hkkjr ns'k xqykeh dh csfM+;ksa esa tdM+rk x;kA fonsf'k;ksa ds "kM;a=k Hkh liQy gksus yxs vkSj vkØe.k HkhA lfn;ksa rd gekjk ns'k xqyke jgkA ;gka eq>s HkwriwoZ x`gea=kh Hkkjr ljdkj vkSj eè; izns'k ds jkT;iky (rRoyhu) if.Mr dSyk'k ukFk dkVtw th ds izjs .kknk;h 'kCn vk jgs gSa] tks mUgksaus lkjukFk fLFkr ewyxa/dqVh fogkj] lkjukFk ds mn~?kkVu ds volj ij dgs Fks& ^^tc ls ckS¼ /eZ dk bl ns'k ls yksi gqvk] mlh fnu ls ;g egku ns'k fonsf'k;ksa ds 'kks"k.k vkSj xqyke dk f'kdkj cukA 900 o"kks± rd ;g ns'k xqyke jgk] ftlesa 700 o"kZ eqlyekuksa dh xqykeh vkSj 200 o"kZ vaxzstksa dh jghA ftl fnu ls ckS¼ /eZ ds iqujks¼kj dh ckr izkjEHk gqbZ] mlh fnu ls Hkkjr dh LorU=krk dk vkUnksyu Hkh izkjEHk gqvkA bldk ;gh vFkZ gS fd ckS¼ /eZ eaxydkjh vkSj dY;k.kdkjh l¼eZ gSA bldk è;s; LojkT; izkIr djuk FkkA blds

vfrfjDr ftl fnu ls ckS¼ /eZ dks bl Hkkjr ls [knsM+k x;k] mlh fnu ls Hkkjr dh turk fons'kh vkØe.kksa dk f'kdkj gks xbZA bu 900 o"kks± dk bfrgkl eqfLye vkSj vaxt sz h 'kkldksa dk bfrgkl gSA eaxydkjh / eZ ds LFkku ij vR;kpkjh /eZ us LFkku fy;kA ;gh czkã.kokn dh bl ns'k dks egku~ nsu gSA** bl lR;k/kfjr dFku ls ge dg ldrs gSa fd ^ckS¼ /eZ vkSj Lora=krk* dk pksyh&nkeu dk lkFk gSA ckS¼ /Ee ds fo:¼ yk[k "kM;a=k jpus ds ckn Hkh vc og nenkj rjhds ls ykSV jgk gSA fu%lansg ckS¼ /eZ dh ;g lq[kn vkgV gesa ckcklkgsc MkW- vkacsMdj th ds dq'ky iz;klksa ds ifj.kkeLo:i gh lqukbZ nsus yxhA loZJs"B /eZ iqjLdkj ckS¼ /Ee dks yxs gkFkksa ge ;g Hkh crkrs pysa fd fLoVtjySaM ls izdkf'kr] 15 tqykbZ] 2009 ds ^fVªC;wu fM flYok* uked lekpkji=k ds vad ds vè;;u ls Kkr gksrk gS fd lalkj ds lHkh /eks± ds rqyukRed vè;;u ds i'pkr ;g fu"d"kZ fudkyk x;k fd ckS¼ /eZ gh lalkj dk loZJs"B /eZ gSA vius lq/h ikBdksa dh tkudkjh ds fy, mDr

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

lSfudksa ds ny tuojh ds igys lIrkg ls cks/x;k vkuk 'kq: djsxa s vkSj egkcksf/ o`{k ds uhps cSBdj è;ku yxk,axsA fczVsu us tuojh ds igys lIrkg ls 100&150 lSfudksa ds ny dks cks/x;k Hkstus dh ;kstuk cukbZ gSA fczVsu ds lSfud cks/ x;k vkdj è;ku vkfn yxkuk lh[kdj ;q¼ dh foHkhf"kdk ls mcjus dk iz;kl djsaxsA fczVsu ds lSfud cks/x;k ds ifo=k o`{k ^egkcksf/* ds uhps cSBdj è;ku yxk,axsA blh o`{k ds uhps cSBdj cq¼ dks Kku dh izkfIr gqbZ FkhA ;s lSfud Ng fnu cks/x;k esa fcrk,axs vkSj ,d fnu mÙkj izns'k fLFkr lkjukFk eas O;rhr djsaxsA fcgkj ds i;ZVu ea=kh lquhy dqekj fiaVw us crk;k fd fczVsu ds lSfudksa ds vyx&vyx ny yxHkx iwjs lky fcgkj vk,axsA yanu esa 5 ls 8 uoacj ds nkSjku vk;ksftr oYMZ VwfjTe ekVZ esa fczVsu vkSj fcgkj ds chp le>kSrk gqvk FkkA** ,d le; ,slk Fkk] tc bl ns'k ds pIis&pIis ij ckS¼ /Ee ,oa laLÑfr dk izHkko O;kIr FkkA ?kj&?kj esa 'khy&lnkpkj ds ikyu ds lkFk gh ckS¼ lk/uk i¼fr ;kuh foi';uk lk/uk dk vH;kl fd;k tkrkA ;g ogh ;qx Fkk] tc bl ns'k esa yksx vius ?kjksa esa rkys ugha yxkrs FksA ;gh

37


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

gy&py

38

lekpkj dks ;gka ij ;wa dk ;wa gh izLrqr fd;k tk jgk gS& tsusok fLFkr ^dksfy'ku iQkWj fn ,MokaleasV vkWo fjyhl ,saM fLizpqvfyVh* (vkbZlh,vk;w,l) us ^^fo'o dk loZJs"B /eZ** dk iqjLdkj bl o"kZ ckS¼ leqnk; dks fn;k gSA bl iqjLdkj dk fu.kZ; vkè;kfRed {ks=k ds izR;sd fgLls ds 200 ls Hkh vf/d /eZ xq:vksa ds ,d varjjk"Vªh; xksyest lEesyu us fd;kA ;g ns[kuk vius vkiesa eu eksfgr dj nsus okyk Fkk fd vusd / eZxq:vksa us vius /eZ dks ugha ckS¼ /eZ dks gh er fn;kA gkykafd vkbZlh,vkj;w,l dh lnL;rk ds ekeys esa ckS¼ksa dh la[;k cgqr gh de gSA ;gka pkj ernkrk lnL;ksa dh fVIif.k;ka nh tk jgh gSa vkbZlh,vk;w,l ds 'kks/ funs'kd tksuk gyV egksn; ds vuqlkj] ^^esjs fy, ;g dksbZ vk'p;Z dh ckr ugha Fkh fd ckS¼ /eZ dks fo'o dk loZJs"B /EkZ dk iqjLdkj feyk] D;ksfa d 'kCn'k% gesa ckS¼ /eZ ds uke ij yM+s tkus okys ;q¼ dk ,d Hkh mnkgj.k ugha feyk] tcfd vU; lHkh /eZ cxy eas cand w j[ks fn[kkbZ nsrs gSa fd dgha bZ'oj dksbZ (dh 'kku esa) xyrh djs rksA gesa cgqr dksf'k'k djus ij Hkh ,slk ,d Hkh ckS¼ ugha feyk tks dHkh fdlh (vkradh) lsuk eas jgk gksA ;s yksx tks mins'k nsrs gSa mldk bl gn rd ikyu djrs gSa fd gesa bls vkSj fdlh vkè;kfRed ijaijk eas ntZ gh ugha dj ldsA** ,d dSFkksfyd iknjh iQknj VsM vks 'kkWuslh us csyiQkLV ls dgk] ^^ftruk eSa dSFkksfyd ppZ ls izse djrk gwa] rks eSa bl ckr dks ysdj ges'kk ijs'kku jgk gwa fd ge vius /eZ'kkL=k eas izse dk mins'k nsrs gSa vkSj fiQj Hkh tc ckr vU; balkuksa dh gR;k djus dh vkrh gS rks ge ijes'oj dh bPNk Kkr gksus dk nkok djrs gSaA bl dkj.k] eq>s viuk er (oksV) ckS¼ksa ds i{k esa gh Mkyuk iM+kA** ikfdLrku ls ,d eqfLye ekSykuk rky fcu olkn us vius vuqoknd ds

ekè;e ls bl ckr ij lgefr trkbZ ^^oSls rks eSa ,d dêðj /kfeZd eqlyeku gwa] fiQj Hkh eSa ns[k ldrk gwa fd ftruk xqLlk vkSj [kwu [kjkck ,d futh Lrj ij lqy>kus ds ctk; /kfeZd vfHkO;fDr esa >ksd a k tkrk gSA ckS¼ksa us bldk fglkc dj j[kk gSA** ikfdLrku ds eqfLye leqnk; dh vksj ls vkbZlh,vkj;w,l ds ernkrk lnL; fcu olkM us vkxs dgk] ^^njvly] esjs dqN lcls vPNs nksLr ckS¼ gSaA** vkSj ;:'kyse ds jCch 'keq,y okljLrkbu us dgk] ^^cs'kd eSa ;gwnh /eZ ls izse djrk gwa] vkSj eSa lksprk gwa fd ;g nqfu;k dk egkure /eZ gSA ysfdu bZeku ls dgaw] rks eSa 1933 ls gh gj fnu feu;ku (nSfud ;gwnh izkFkZuk) ls igys foiLluk djrk vk jgk gwaA blfy, eSa bls le>rk gwAa ** cgjgky] blea ,d ck/k Fkh vkbZlh,vk;w,l dks ,slk dksbZ O;fDr ugha feyk ftls ;g iqjLdkj (lEeku) fn;k tkrkA mUgksaus ftl Hkh ckS¼ ls laidZ fd;k mlus ;gh dgk fd geas bl (vokMZ) dh t:jr ugha gSA tc ;g iwNk x;k fd cehZ ckS¼ leqnk; us iqjLdkj ysus ls euk D;ksa dj fn;k] rks cekZ ds Hkars xqjkVk gaVk us dgk]

^^ge bl ekU;rk ds fy, vHkkjh gSa] fdUrq ge bl lEeku dks leLr ekuork dks lefiZr djrs gSa] D;ksafd cq¼ LoHkko ge lc eas gSA** xzksgfypsu us vkxs dgk ^^ge rc rd laidZ djrs jgsaxs] tc rd gesa ,slk ckS¼ ugha fey tkrk tks bls Lohdkj dj ysxkA tc ,slk gksxk rks ge vkidks lwfpr Hkh dj nsaxsA** mDr lHkh lekpkj Hkkjr dh lhek ds ckgj ls vk, gSaA xyrh ls Hkh gesa bldk vFkZ ;g ugha yxk ysuk pkfg, fd ckS¼ / Ee ds Js"BRo dks fl¼ djus okyh ?kVuk,a Hkkjr eas ?kVrha gh ughaaA dsoy varj bruk gh gS fd gekjs ns'k esa bl ns'k dk izcy ehfM;k vkSj ncax 'kklu us viuh lkjh ;ksX;rk ,oa {kerk ,d /eZ fo'ks"k dks cykr~ efgek ef.Mr djus ds fy, gh >kSd a j[kh gSA baXyS.M ds lSfudksa dh ?kVuk mu ckckvksa vkSj /eZ xq:vksa dks >d>ksjus ds fy, dkiQh gS] tks lk/uk vkSj ;ksx ds uke ij isV iwtk vkSj va/fo'okl ds fo"ko`{k jksius esa yxs gq, gSaA blls vf/d eSa vkSj D;k dgwa&gekjs ikBd cgqr cqf¼eku gSa] tks eSa ugha dg ik jgk gwa] mls os c[kwch le> jgs gSaA ys[kd lE;d izdk'ku fnYyh ds laLFkkid gSaA


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013 39


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

J¼katfy

40

vkj-lh-Hkkjrh ps;jeSu ,.M iQkm.Mj fl¼kFkZ xqzi vkWiQ

iwoZ izèkkuea=kh pUæ'ks[kj] iwoZ izèkkuea=kh ,-Mh-nsoxkSM+k ,oa orZeku d`f"k ea=kh 'kjn iokj ds lkFk vkj-lh-Hkkjrh

,d vUrghu la?k"kZ vU; ns'kksa dh rqyuk esa f'kf{kr yksxksa dh la[;k dk izfr'kr dk vuqikfrd vkèkkj cgqr de gSA f'kf{kr yksxksa dh la[;k fuEu vk; okyh cfLr;ks]a uxjks@a miuxjksa vkSj xzkeh.k {ks=kksa esa cgqr gh de gSA ns'k esa efgykvksa dh tula[;k yxHkx 50 djksM+ gS] ysfdu muesa f'kf{kr efgykvksa dk vuqikr cgqr gh de gSaA f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa vkewypwy fodkl ds fcuk vkfFkZd fodkl dh ladYiuk iwjh ugha gks ldrh gSA 'kS{kf.kd fodkl ds fcuk vkfFkZd fodkl vèkwjk gh jgsxkA vr% ns'k esa 'kS{kf.kd fiNM+siu dks nwj djuk vR;Ur vko';d gSA blh lR;rk dks vius l{ke j[krs gq, ns'k esa vusd yksxksa us vius&vius <ax ls f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa dk;Z fd;s gSaA Jh :ipan Hkkjrh ,sls izfl¼ f'k{kkfonksa esa ls ,d gSaA mUgksaus 'kS{kf.kd fodkl ds fy, viuk lkjk thou lefiZr fd;k gqvk gSA mÙkj izns'k ds tuin xkft;kckn ds eqjknuxj dLcs ds fudV fLFkr izkphu xzke ^tykyiqj&f<a<kj* esa 5 tuojh 1945 dks mRiUu Jh :ipUn Hkkjrh us f'k{kk ds dk;ksZa ds izfr iwjk thou yxk fn;k o xzkeh.k {ks=k esa iydj o;Ld gq,A Hkkjrh us le> fy;k Fkk fd f'k{kk ds fcuk thou vèkwjk gSA f'k{kk ds fcuk euq"; ek=k

dk fodkl dfBu gSA blh egku mn~n's ; dh iwfrZ ds fy, jfo Hkkjrh f'k{kk lfefr (jft) vkSj vkWy bafM;k baVjus'kuy ,twds'kuy lkslk;Vh (jft-) dh LFkkiuk dh x;hA bu nksuksa 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkvksa ds ekè;e ls Jh Hkkjrh us f'k{kk izlkj ds dk;Z dks liQyrkiwod Z vkxs c<+k;kA Jh :ipUn Hkkjrh th bu nksuksa 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkvksa ds laLFkkid FksA mUgksaus bu 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkvksa ds ekè;e ls f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa vn~Hkqr dk;Z fd;sA f'k{kk izlkj muds thou dk eq[; y{; cu x;kA mUgksua s viuh nwj n`f"V vkSj yEch lksp ls vius vHkh"V y{; dh iwfrZ ds fy, vR;Ur dBksj ifjJe fd;kA muesa FkdkoV] fujk'kk ;k ckèkkvksa ls ?kcjkgV dHkh utj ugha vk;hA muesa dk;Z djus dh vn~Hkqr 'kfDr FkhA og lrr~ iz;kljr~ jgrs gSaA la?k"kZ'khy O;fDrRo ds èkuh Jh :ipUn Hkkjrh th esa foy{k.k cqf¼ rFkk ;ksX;rk FkhA muesa lkèku tqVkus dh egku {kerk FkhA ;gh dkj.k gS fd ns[krs&ns[krs fnYyh vkSj mÙkj izns'k ds] fnYyh ds fudVorhZ] jk"Vªh; jktèkkuh {ks=k esa vusd fl¼kFkZ baVjus'kuy ifCyd Ldwyksa dh LFkkiuk dj nhA Jh :ipUn Hkkjrh th bu lHkh Ldwyksa ds laLFkkid FksA bu lHkh Ldwyksa us Jh Hkkjrh th dh ns[k&js[k o

fuxjkuh esa mUufr dh gSA ;s lHkh Ldwy 'kS{kf.kd {ks=k esa fnu nqxuh vkSj jkr pkSxquh mUufr dj jgs gSaA f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa budk uke gSA gtkjksa fo|kFkhZ vaxzsth o fgUnh ekè;e ls lHkh iBuh; fo"k;ksa dh mÙke f'k{kk xzg.k dj jgs gSaA fl¼kFkZ baVjus'kuy ifCyd Ldwyksas dh Ük`a[kykvksa esa lHkh fo"k;ksa dh cgqr gh lqpk: :i ls xgu vkSj vkèkqfud rduhdh <ax ls vè;;u dh mÙke O;oLFkk gSA fl¼kFkZ baVjus'kuy ifCyd Ldwykssa dh J`a[kyk] buesa vR;Ur lqf'kf{kr] ;ksX;] fuiq.k] vuqHkoh] dq'ky vkSj yXu'khy vè;kid vè;kfidk,a dk;Zjr gSaA fl¼kFkZ baVjus'kuy ifCyd Ldwykssa dh J`[a kyk,a Js"B vkSj mÙke f'k{kk ds dsUæ gSaA ;s J`a[kyk,a ikW'k dkyksfu;ksa ds vfrfjDr fuEu vk; okyh cfLr;ksa rFkk xzkeh.k {ks=k esa Hkh fLFkr gSaA tgka ij vR;Ur èkuh o lkèku laiUu vfHkHkkodksa ds Nk=k&Nk=kk,a ifCyd Ldwyh f'k{kk ikrs gSaA ogha xjhc cfLr;ksa o xzkeh.k {ks=k ds fuEu vk; okys fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds fy, Hkh mPpre izdkj dh mÙke f'k{kk dh O;oLFkk dh x;h gSA fl¼kFkZ baVjus'kuy ifCyd Ldwykssa dh J`[a kyk esa vè;;u djus okys fo|kfFkZ;ksa us eSfjV ds lkFk cgqr gh ljkguh; o mYys[kuh; vad izkIr djds


J¼katfy

iwoZ dsUæh; ea=kh ,p-ds-,y- Hkxr ds lkFk vkj-lh-Hkkjrh

iwoZ jk"Vªifr Kkuh tSy flag ds lkFk vkj-lh-Hkkjrh

ijh{kk,a ikl dh gSaA Hkkjrh th fl¼kFkZ baVjus'kuy ifCyd Ldwyksas dh J`a[kykvksa dh dk;Z iz.kkyh rFkk vè;;u O;oLFkk dks lqpk: ,oa O;kogkfjd <ax ls pykus esa Lo;a O;Lr jgrs FksA os vR;Ur la?k"kZ'khy O;fDrRo ds èkuh FksA mudh f'k{kk ds izfr ladYi'khyrk o izfrc¼rk] f'k{kk ds izfr thou dk leiZ.k] bu lHkh fo|ky;ksa esa yf{kr gksrk gSA Hkkjrh dh n`<+ bPNk o Hkkouk jgrh Fkh fd fl¼kFkZ baVjus'kuy ifCyd Ldwyksas dh J`a[kykvksa eas vè;;ujr izR;sd Nk=k&Nk=kkvksa dk lokZaxh.k fodkl gksA os fdlh Hkh fLFkfr esa ihNs u jgsa rFkk mYys[kuh; mUufr djsa vkSj vkxs c<+Aas Hkkjrh th xjhc cfLr;ksa vkSj xzkeh.k {ks=kksa esa f'k{kk dk fodkl Hkh èkuh o lkèku lEiUu fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh rjg gh djuk pkgrs FksA Jh Hkkjrh th dh vè;{krk esa fny'kkn xkMZu] ikWdsV ch (iQSlhysVh dsUæ) bZLV yksuh jksM (iqjkuk cthjkckn jksM) rFkk HkksykukFk uxj] 'kkgnjk] fnYyh esa tgka fl¼kFkZ baVjus'kuy ifCyd Ldwy lqpk: :i ls cgqr gh cf<+;k f'k{kk nh] ogha xzkeh.k {ks=k esa mÙkj izns'k ds xkft;kckn ftys ds dLcs eqjknuxj ds ikl jkoyh jksM ij jkèkkdqat dkyksuh esa xzke f<a<kj] fiy[kqvk dLck] ialksMk xzke ds ikl jktsUæ uxj o vU; fuEu vk; oxZ dh dkyksfu;ksa esa Hkh mÙke fo|ky; pyk;s tks fsd vkt Hkh cgqr gh vPNs <ax ls py jgs gSaA xjhc o xzkeh.k {ks=k ds fo|kFkhZ Hkh ifCyd Ldwy dh cf<+;k mÙke f'k{kk izkIr dj lds]a blh mn~n's ; dh iwfrZ ds fy, ogka ;s fo|ky; LFkkfir fd;s x;s gSaA blls Jh Hkkjrh th dk xzkeh.k i`"BHkwfe ls yxko o izse iznf'kZr gksrk gSA

f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa dk;Z djuk bruk vklku ugha gSA mlds fy, vFkd ifjJe dh vko';drk gksrh gSA Jh Hkkjrh th esa dBksj esgur djus dk tTck FkkA mn~ns'; dh iwfrZ ds fy, mUgksaus fnu jkr dM+h ls dM+h esgur djrs dh A muesa dfBu ls dfBu leL;k dks lqy>kus dk vnE; lkgl Fkk] dBksj o lrr ifjJe] yxu] lw>cw> vkSj foy{k.k ;ksX;rk FkhA leL;kvksa ls Hkkjrh th dHkh fopfyr ugha gksrAs f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa og dqN fo'ks"k djus dh mRdaBk o Hkkouk ls vksr&izksr jgrs FksA okLro esa Hkkjrh th O;Lrre O;fDr;ksa esa ls ,d FksA blds ckotwn èkkfeZd] lkfgfR;d vkSj jktuSfrd xfrfofèk;ksa esa Hkh mudh xgjh fnypLih jgrh FkhA lekt lsok esa og lfØ; dk;Z djrs jgsA mudk vusd lkekftd laLFkkvksa ls lacaèk jgkA Hkkjrh th vusd èkkfeZd laLFkkvksa ls Hkh tqM+s jgsA lHkh èkeksZa ds vfèkdka'k usrkvksa ls mudk laidZ FkkA [;kfr izkIr jktuhfrKksa] euu'khy fo}kuksa] lkfgR;dkjksa] dfo;ksa ,oa fofHkUu lkekftd laLFkkvksa ds usrkvksa ls og lrr laidZ cuk, j[krs FksA Hkkjrh th gj fny vtht O;fDr FksA ysfdu blds ckotwn o fu"i{k] Li"Voknh] lqf'kf{kr] lqLi"V o lqy>s gq, fopkjd Hkh FksA viuh ckr la{ksi esa dguk] mudh fo'ks"krk FkhA mudh jk; fu"i{k] csckd o Li"V gksrh FkhA jktuhfr muds fy, lkè; ugha FkhA vfirq lekt lsok FkhA Hkkjrh th ,sls egku O;fDr Fks ftudh 'kS{kf.kd dk;ksaZ esa izfrc¼rk ds ckotwn ns'k dh jktuSfrd] vkfFkZd vkSj lkekftd fodkl esa Hkh #fp jgrh gSA og pkgrs Fks fd lEiw.kZ lekt mUufr djs] blh ls ns'k vkxs c<+

ldrk gSA Hkkjrh th dks jktuSfrd] vkfFkZd] lkekftd o lkaLd`frd {ks=kksa esa ?kVus okyh lkef;d ?kVukvksa dh iw.kZ tkudkjh gksrh FkhA lkekftd] lkef;d ?kVukvksa dh izfrfØ;k Hkh muds ekul&iVy ij gksrh FkhA os pkgrs Fks fd ns'k esa lnk 'kkafr jgs] lHkh oxksZa esa lkEiznkf;drk dks Hkkjrh th jk"Vªfgr ds fo#¼ ekurs FksA mudk dguk Fkk fd ns'k ds lHkh yksx ,d nwljs ds èkkfeZd fo'okl o Hkkouk dk vknj djsa vkSj fey tqydj lkFk jgsaA fofHkUurk esa ,drk dh Hkkouk ls gh ns'k dh ,drk fLFkr jg ldrh gSA ns'k dk lEiw.kZ fodkl Hkh rHkh laHko gSA Hkkjrh th ds fny esa lHkh èkeksZa ds izfr lEeku dh Hkkouk jgrh Fkh ysfdy ckS¼ /Ee ds izfr mudh vkLFkk vVwV FkhA fdlh Hkh vU; èkeZ ds izfr muds eu esa fo}s"k ugha FkkA Hkkjrh th mPp fopkjksa ds O;fDr Fks d`f=kerk mUgsa ilan ugha FkhA mudk fo'okl Fkk fd ns'k ds jktuS f rd] lkekftd] vkfFkZ d rFkk lkaLd`frd fodkl ds lHkh èkeksaZ ,oa oxksaZ ds O;fDr;ksa dk ;ksxnku gksA ns'k dh ,drk o v[kaMrk ds fy, fofHkUu èkekssZa o lkaiznk;ksa esa vkilh lnHkkouk lgu'khyrk rFkk leUo; dh Hkkouk vR;Ur vko';d gSA {ks=kh;] izknsf'kd o jk"Vªh; Lrj dh vusd lkekftd laLFkkvksa ls Hkkjrh th tqMs+ jgsA mudks lg;ksx nsrs Fks rFkk mudh xfrfofèk;ksa esa ;Fkk;ksX; lfØ; Hkkx Hkh ysrs FksA Hkkjrh th dh lkfgR; esa Hkh #fp dkiQh jgrh FkhA og vusd izknsf'kd o jk"Vªh; Lrj dh lkfgfR;d laLFkkvksa esa fnypLih ysrs FksA mudk fopkj Fkk fd ns'k ds izR;sd ukxfjd dks mUufr djus dk leku volj feysA

cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

clik laLFkkid ekU;oj dka'khjke th ds lkFk vkj-lh-Hkkjrh

41


cs/M+d U;wt] ekpZ] 2013

J¼katfy

42

blh ls ns'k dk jktuSfrd] vkfFkZd] lkekftd] lkaLd`frd vkSj 'kS{kf.kd fodkl laHko gSA ns'k ds ukxfjd fey tqydj ns'k ds vkfFkZd fodkl esa tqVsa] viuh lfØ;rk o lgHkkfxrk ls ns'k dks vkxs c<+k;saA blh Hkkouk o fo'okl ds izlkj ds fy, Hkkjrh th fgUnh esa ^xzhu lÙkk* uked ikf{kd lekpkj i=k dk laiknu] izdk'ku o lapkyu fd;k djrs FksA blds og izèkku laiknd FksA blls mudh lkfgfR;d o i=kdkfjrk ds izfr #fp n`f"Vxkspj gksrh FkhA Hkkjrh th pkgrs Fks fd ns'k esa lerkewyd lekt cusaA blh ls gekjk jk"Vª etcwr o fpjLFkk;h gksxkA esjs [;ky ls o"kZ 2012 muds thou dk lcls d"Vdkjh o"kZ jgkA viuh vafre lkal rd os chekjh ls Hkh ,d cgknqj dh rjg yMrss jgsA mudk 'kjhj fnu izfrfnu {kh.k gksrk x;kA vUrr% 20 ekpZ] 2013 dks djhc jkr 10 cts mUgksaus vius thou dh vafre lkal yhA muds fu/u ls lewps f'k{kk txr esa nq%[k dh ygj iQSy x;hA Hkkjrh th tSls la?k"kZ'khy O;fDrRo dh {kfr iw.kZ djuk vlEHko gSA var esa ge yk[kksa&yk[kksa yksxksa ds fy, izjs .kkizn] vuqdj.kh; vkSj ekxZn'kZd cu pqds] Jh :ipUn Hkkjrh th ds }kjk f'k{kk] lekt lsok] jktuhfr] lkfgR; o i=kdkfjrk ds {ks=k esa fd, x;s egku dk;ksZa o ;ksxnkuksa dh ljkguk o vknj djrs gq, vius vJqiw.kZ J¼k lqeu vi.kZ djrs gSaA rFkkxr muds ifjokj dks nq%[k lgu djus dh 'kfDr iznku djsA 'kksdkdqy Hkkjrh ifjokj ftuesa Jhefr v'kksd Hkkjrh (iRuh)] Jh jfo Hkkjrh (iq=k)] Jhefr oh-esgrk Hkkjrh (iq=kc/q)] Jh 'kf'k dkar Hkkjrh (iq=k)] Jhefr Losrk Hkkjrh (iq=k c/q)] Jhefr iszj.kk Hkkjrh (iq=kh)]Jhefr iadt dqekj Hkkjrh (nkekn)] fl¼kFkZ dqekj Hkkjrh (iksrk) nsok'kh'k dqekj Hkkjrh (iksrk)];'k dhfrZ dq e kj Hkkjrh (iks r k)]yo.;k Hkkjrh (iksrh)]nso dqekj Hkkjrh(nsgork)] us viuh 'kksd laosnuk;sa O;Dr djrs gq, ifjfuokZ.k izkIr Jh vkj-lh-Hkkjrh dks vJqi.w kZ J¼katfy vfiZr djrs gq, Jh Hkkjrh th ds liuksa dks lkdkj djus dh cpuc¼rk nksgjk;hA

lkekftd] jktuSfrd] laLd`fr rFkk lkfgR; ljksdkj ds fy, izfrc¼ fgUnh ekfld if=kdk ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ,oa jk"Vªh; jkt/kuh fnYyh o vklikl {ks=kksa dh lkekftd]jktuSfrd ?kVukvksa o [kcjksa dks i<+us gsrq fgUnh lkIrkfgd v[kckj ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ds lnL; cusA

lnL;rk Ldhe eSa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk@lkIrkfgd v[kokj dk vkthou % 2000 `

ikap o"kZ % 1000 `

,d o"kZ % 250 `

Ldhe ds rgr if=kdk dk lnL; cuuk pkgrk gawA Ñi;k esjs fuEufyf[kr irs ij if=kdk@v[kokj Hkstus dh Ñik djasA

uke---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------irk-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------eksckbZy uEcj---------------------------------------fiu--------------------------cSad@MªkWÝV@psd@euhvkMZj ls ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk] ds uke ns; jkf'k@lnL;rk 'kqYd fuEu irs ij HkstsaA ;k fiQj vius utnhd dSujk cSad dh 'kk[kk ls gekjh if=kdk ds [kkrs esa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk ds uke ls

A/C No.-3009201005082 esa lh/s tek djus dh Ñik djsaA

^csèkM+d U;wt+* laikndh; dk;kZy;

e-ua&10] ,drk xyh ua&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094

eks- 9717580686] 9266990078 E-mail: bedharaknews@gmail.com


बेधड़क न्यूज़, वर्ष-04, अंक- 02, मार्च,2013  

बेधड़क न्यूज़ का मार्च का अंक अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय महिला दिवस एवम मन्यवर काशीराम साहब के 79 वीं जयंती पर विशेष है