Page 1

Cks/kMd + U;wT+k

tu ekul vkSj t; Hkhe!


Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr FkkA ,d Lo.kZ fgUnwvksa dk Fkk xkka/kh] usg: ds usr`Ro esa nwljk eqfLye yhx ds ekè;e ls ftUuk }kjk i`Fkd jkT; dh LFkkiuk rhljk vNwr oxZ ds vf/kdkjksa dks ysdj MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk NsM+k x;k vkUnksyu /khjs&/khjs vius pje dh vksj c<+ jgk Fkk**

o"kZ & 04] va d & 03] viSy] 2013 iz/ku laiknd tloar falag ^cs/M+d* mi&laiknd ch-Mh-lqtkr laiknd lg;ksxh vk'kkjke xkSre] xhrk lqeu] 'khy cksf/ jru dqekj xkSre] ljukeflag]fot; ckS¼ ys[ku ijke'kZ nkrk MkW-dqlqe fo;ksxh] MkW-foey dhfrZ Vh0ih0flag]y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj Nk;kadu jfo dqekj oekZ dkuwuh lykgdkj vkj-vkj-ckx (,MoksdsV] gkbZdksVZ) Lo.kZ flag (,MoksdsV] gkbZdksVZ) (iw0 lfpo] 'kkgnjk ckj ,slksfl,'ku) ,uhes'ku fMtkbuj@dkVwZfuLV dqekj vk;q"keku lkt&lTtk xhrk vkVZ ,.M xzkfiQDl C;w j ks dk;kZ y ; iVuk (fcgkj) yhuk vkxjk (m-iz-) ljuke flag iQ:Z[kkckn (m-iz-) fouksn dqekj] :M+dh (mÙkjk[kaM) fodkl vk;kZ jkaph] >kj[kaM nhid dqekj fo'odekZ nkSlk] jktLFkku jkds'k dqekj oekZ

lEidZ lw=k

laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.-10, ,drk xyh&01 tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob.: 9266990078, 9717580686 E-mail:bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog :bedharaknews.blogspot.com

tuekul vkSj t; Hkhe! 12 vUnj ds iUuksa ij fo"k; lwph dksf'k'k gekjh] jk; vkidh laikndh; nfyrksa] fiNMksa ds elhgk% MkW vEcsMdj ckck lkgsc us dgk Fkk---------ckck lkgsc dk vafre lns'k ekuorkoknh egk;ks¼k dh egk;k=kk lkr iQsjksa dk jgL; lRrk eksg esa fo[kjrk nfyr lekt lerk dk lwjt] jk"VªHkDr MkW- vEcsMdj Hkkjrh; ukjh m¼kjd Mk- vEcsMdj vesfjdh ekMy viuk;sa nfyr iwjk lky ioZ ds :i esa euk;s vEcsMdjoknh Ñ"kdksa] Jfedksa ds elhgk MkW- vEcsMdj vEcsMdj vkanksyu dh izklafxdrk "kM+;a=kksa ls lko/ku% MkW-vEcsMdj dh psrkouh dfork MkW- vEcsMdj%lekftd Økafr dss vxnwr lekt lq/kjd ds :i esa MkW- vEcsMdj MkW- vEcsMdj ds thou dh izeq[k ?kVuk,a

vkoj.k dFkk

i`"B la[;k 04 05 06 09 17 19 21 24 25 29 30 31 32 34 37 40 41 43 45

RNI NO. DELHIN/2010/32012 Lokeh] eqnzd] izdk'kd o laiknd tloar flag }kjk dkjs fizafVax izsl] 574 A, fot; ikdZ xyh ua 2] ekStiqj] fnYyh&53 ls eqfær ,oa 255 fdjkM+h ,DlVsa'ku ikVZ&4] fdjkM+h lqyseku uxj] fnYyh&110086 ls izdkf'krA

Ph.: 9266990078, 9717580686 E-mail : bedharaknews@gmail.com ☺izdkf'kr ys[kksa ds ys[kdksa dh jk; ls eq[; laiknd dk lger gksuk vko';d ugha gSA ☺lacafèkr okn&fookn dk fuiVkjk fnYyh U;kf;d {ks=k esa gksxkA ☺if=kdk ls lacafèkr lHkh in vLFkk;h o voSrfud gSaA

^f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr gks] la?k"kZ djks*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;a rh dh t;aryh ufo'ks ^^Lor=a rk 122 dk iwoha jk vkUnks rhu"kkad

3


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 4

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad fo"ke ifjfLFkfr;kas esa Hkh if=kdk dk izdk'ku ,d ljkguh; dne cs/M+d U;wt+ if=kdk dk fu;fer ikBd gwa vkSj vkxkeh vad dh izrh{kk esa jgrk gwaA blds gj vad esa dqN u dqN u;k iu gksrk gSA gj vad csgrjhu fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA vkfFkZd vHkko esa if=kdk dks fudkyuk cgqr eqf'dy gSA fiQj Hkh blds izdk'ku ds fy, laiknd egksn; dks c/kbZ fd os bruh fo"ke ifjfLFkfr esa bls fudkyus ds fy, viuh vewY; thou [kik jgs gSa og Hkh fcuk fdlh ykHk dsA vkt ds le; esa ,sls yksxksa dh deh gSA ge ikBdksa ls vihy djrs gS fd if=kdk ds vkfFkZd lg;ksx ds fy, dqN djsa rkfd nfyr ehfM;k dk liuk iwjk gks lds vkSj csgrj if=kdk i<+us ds fy, fey ldsA ukud pUn]xkft;kckn

vEcsMdj ds fe'ku ewoesaV tu&tu rd i¡gqps ije iwT; cksf/ lRo ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj th ds fe'ku ls lEcf/r muds O;fDrRo] ÑÙko ,oa /kfeZd] lkekftd jktuSfrd o nfyr] 'kksf"kr o loZgkjk lekt ds ?kj&?kj rd i¡gqpk jgk gSA ek- tloUr flag cs/M+d th dk ;g vFkd iz;kl vkSj vECksMdj lekt ds izfr lefiZr lsok Hkko vrqyuh; gSaA eSa muds lrr dk;Z ds fy, g`n; ls lk/qokn nsrk gw¡A

Hkorq lCc eaxye~ eukst dqekj] ockuk] ubZ fnYyhA cs/M+d U;wt [kcjksa dk lewpk HkaMkj cs/M+d@csckd fVIif.k;ksa o ys[k vkids lq>ko ds bartkj eas laiknd ^cs/M+d U;wt+*

laikndh; dk;kZy; H.N.10, ,drk xyh ua0&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094 Mob. : 9266990078 , 9717580686

E-mail: bedharaknews@in.com bedharaknews@gmail.com Blog : bedharaknews.blogspot.com

[kkl fpV~Bh i=kkad% 25313& Mh-,-,l-,iQ-vkbZ-@2013 fnukad% 25-03-2013 lsok esa] ekuuh; ekuuh; iz/kuea=kh] Hkkjr ljdkj] ubZ fnYyhA fo"k;% deZpkjh p;u vk;kst (Lukrd Lrjh;) ijh{kk dh frfFk cnyus gsrq vuqjks/ i=kA egksn;] Ñik MkW- vEcsMdj LVwMVs izQVa vkWiQ bafM;k (Mh-,-,l-,iQ-vkbZ) tks ,d jk"Vªh; Lrj dk Nk=k laxBu gSa] dh vkSj ls vkidks lknj vnxr djkrs gq, vkidk è;ku deZpkjh p;u vk;ksx (,l-,l-lh-) }kjk lapkfyr gksus okyh la;qDr Lukrd Lrjh; ijh{kk o"kZ 2013 tks fnukad 14 vizSy 2013 dks vk;ksftr dh x;h gS] dh vksj vkdf"kZr djuk pkgw¡xk] tcfd 14 vizSy Hkkjrh; lafo/ku fuekZrkk Hkkjr jRu ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj th ds tUefnol ds :i esa euk;k tkrk gS vkSj blh frfFk dks Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk jktif=kr vodk'k Hkh ?kksf"kr gSA ekU;oj ;fn ;g ijh{kk 14 vizSy 2013 dks lEiUu gksrh gS] rks Hkkjr jRu ckck lkgc ds yk[kks vuq;k;h Nk@Nk=kk,a bl ijh{kk ls oafpr jg tk;sxasA vr% vkils laxBu lfouez vuqjks/ djrk gS fd bl ijh{kk dh frfFk esa ;Fkk laHko cnyko fd;k tk,] rkfd Hkkjr jRu ckck lkgsc ds yk[kksa vuq;k;h@Nk=kk,a buds tUeksRlo esa lfEefyr gks ldsA egksn; bl iquhr dk;Z ds fy, laxBu (MkW- vEcsMdj LVwMsaV izQaV vkWiQ bafM;k) (Mh-,-,l-,iQ-vkbZ) lnSo vkidk vkHkkjh jgsxkA vihy drkZ 'kfDr izdk'k xkSre] ftyk vè;{k]ftyk dk;Zdkfj.kh y[kumQ]m0iz0 izfrfyfi fuEufyf[kr dks lknj lwpukFkZ ,oa vko";d dk;Zokgh gsrq izsf"kr%& 1- vè;{k] jk"Vªh; vuqlwfpr tkfr vk;ksx] Hkkjr ljdkj] ubZ fnYyhA 2- vè;{k] deZpkjh p;u vk;ksx] Hkkjr ljdkj] ubZ fnYyhA

^cs/M+d U;wt* esa izdkf'kr ys[kksa us izHkkfor fd;kA ¶cs/M+d U;wt¸ if=kdk dk uoEcj vad i<us dks feykA bl vad esa izdkf'kr lHkh ys[k jkspd FksA [kkldj bl vad esa izdkf'kr vkoj.k dFkk ^gekjs lafo/ku fuekZrk ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj* us dkiQh izHkkfor fd;kA eSa izdkf'kr ,d vU; ys[k ^Hkkjr ds lafo/ku fuekZ.k esa ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj dk ;ksxnku* ds ys[kd ekU;oj jru yky dSu dks dksfV&dksfV lk/wokn nsrk gwa] vkSj vis{kk djrk gaw fd viuh ys[kuh ls l`tukRed ys[kksa ls nfyr lekt ls tqM+s eqn~nksa dks mBkrs jgsaxsA fdlh ys[kd igyh ckj dkzxzsl dks dV?kjs esa [kM+k fd;k gSA ;g loZ fofnr gS fd dkaxzsl ckck lkgsc dk lafo/ku fuekZ.k esa ;ksxnku dks fdlh Hkh rjg lkeus ykuk pkgrh igyh ge le;&le; ij fofHkUu i=k&if=kdkvksa esa izdkf'kr muds }kjk fy[ks ys[kksa ls viuk KkukZtu djrs jgrs gSaA blds vykok bl vad esa izdkf'kr vU; ys[kksa us gekjs eu dks Nw fy;kA if=kdk ds liQy izdk'ku ,oa fujarj izxfr ds fy, gkfnZd lk/woknA & vt; pUuky] HkhyckM+k]jktLFkkuA

^dksbZ Hkh egRoiw.kZ pht dfBu ds ifjJe ds fcuk izkIr ugha gksrh*


kndh; egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; la cksi f/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

cs/M+d dye ls----vEcsMdj dh çklafxdrk

Mk0 Hkhejko vEcsMdj ,d ,sls ;qxiq:"k Fks ftUgksaus lekt esa fiNM+ksa] nfyrksa vkSj 'kksf"krksa dh ewdrk dks vkokt nhA cpiu ls gh Mk0 vEcsMdj us tkfrokn dh vkM+ esa iQSyk, tk jgs tgj dks eglwl fd;k vkSj ml tgj dks lekt ls m•kM+ iQsd a us dh lksphA ,d ,sls le; esa tc nfyrksa dks ns•rs gh yksx vifo=k gks tkus ds Hk; ls jkLrk cny ysrs Fks] Mk0 vEcsMdj us ml nkSjku nfyr oxZ dk çfrfuf/Ro fd;kA oLrqr% MkúvEcsMdj ;g vPNh rjg le>rs Fks fd tkfr O;oLFkk gh Hkkjr esa lHkh dqjhfr;ksa dh tM+ gS ,oa fcuk blds mUewyu ds ns'k vkSj lekt dk lrr~ fodkl lEHko ughaA vktknh ds vkUnksyu ds nkSjku mHkjs usrR` o esa 'kk;n MkW- ch- vkj- vEcsMdj gh Fks ftudh fpark vktknh ls T;knk vktknh ds ckn dh fLFkfr dks ysdj FkhA og vktknh ds ml ikj ns• jgs Fks A lu 1947 dh jktuhfrd vktknh vafre lkè; uk gksdj lkekftd vktknh dh jkg esa egt ,d iM+ko FkhA ftu yksxksa us 1947 dh vktknh dks vafre vktknh eku fy;k vkt le; ds lkFk oks ckSus gksrs tk jgs gSa A ml le; lkekftd eqíksa dks bruh vgfe;r blfy;s ugha nh xbZ D;wafd ;g ekuk x;k Fkk fd vktknh ds ckn vius yksxksa ds lkFk cSBdj ;g lc lqxerk ds lkFk lqy>k fy;k tk;xk] ysfdu lkekftd loky vkt Hkh eqg ck; gq, •M+s gSaA vkacsMdj dh laiw.kZ lksp Hkkjr dks 'kfÙkQ nsus okyh gSA ckck lkgc ds vkfFkZd eqíksa dk çHkko Hkkjr us ns•k gh ugha ]lkekftd eqíksa us gh mUgsa thou Hkj my>k;s j•kA blls ;g Hkh irk pyrk gS fd lekurk vkSj LokfHkeku dh jkg fdruh dfBu gSA ;g ckr ns•us yk;d gS fd D;k vktknh ds 64 lkyksa ds chr tkus ds ckn Hkh ekgksy cnyk gS\ fuf'prr% nfyr oxks± esa iuih bl tu psruk ls oÙkQ dk ifg;k rsth ls cnyk vkSj dy rd tks czkã.koknh 'kfÙkQ;k¡ viuh fujis{krk dk nkok djrh Fkha] vpkud os lekt ds lkis{k fodkl Øe dks le>us yxhaA fofHkUu jkT;ksa esa nfyr psruk ds mHkkj us bUgsa etcwj dj fn;k fd os buds oksV cSad dks viuh rjiQ •hapus ds fy, budh çsj.kk ds dsUæ fcUnq ij utj Mkysa tks fd Mk0 vEcsMdj vkSj muds fopkjksa ds :i esa gSAa tc euqokfn;ksa ds yk• "kM;a=kksa ds ckotwn nfyrksa us Mk0 vEcsMdj dks iwtuh; ekuuk ugha NksM+k rks os Hkh Mk0 vEcsMdj dks gkbtSd djds vius eap ij ys vk,A ;g ,d lPpkbZ gS fd Mk0 vEcsMdj vkthou czkã.koknh O;oLFkk ds fo:¼ la?k"kZ djrs jgs ,oa viuksa dks blds çfr lpsr Hkh djrs jgsA ,sls esa czkã.koknh O;oLFkk ds iks"kdksa }kjk Mk0 vEcsMdj dks gkbtSd djds vius eapksa ij LFkku nsuk o vius leFkZu esa m¼`r djuk n'kkZrk gS fd Mk0 vEcsMdj okdbZ ,d lkekftd ØkfUr ds vxznrw jgs gSa vkSj muds fcuk lkekftd vkSj jk"Vªh; fpUru dh dYiuk ugha dh tk ldrhA nsj ls gh lgh] vUrr% o.kZoknh O;oLFkk ds iks"kdksa dks Hkh Mk0 vEcsMdj dh orZeku ifjos'k esa çklafxdrk dks Lohdkj djuk iM+kA ckck lkgc ds ekSfyd fopkj vkt dh n`f"V ls egRoiw.kZ Hkh gSa vkSj izklafxd HkhA mudh fopkj èkkjk ds dbZ igyw gSaA mudk thou la?k"kZ cM+k yEck thou la?k"kZ gSA os tUe ls egkiq#"k ugha cus Fks cfYd vius fujUrj thou la?k"kZ ds dkj.k] lekt esa egkiq#"k cusA djksM+ksa&djksM+ nfyrksa] 'kksf"krksa] fiNM+h tkfr;ksa o xjhcksa dh vkLFkk ds ik=k cusA muds thou la?k"kZ dh ,d fo'ks"krk ;s Hkh jgh fd os jktuSfrd Økafrdkjh ugha Fks cfYd os lkekftd] lkaLd`frd Økafrdkjh FksA mudk lEiw.kZ fparu vkSj n'kZu lkekftd Økafr ds fy, gSA ckck lkgc ds fopkjksa dh muds thou la?k"kZ dh ,d fuf'pr fn'kk gS ftls le>us dh vkSj mu ij vey djus dh ns'k vkSj nqfu;k dh vko';drk cu xbZ gSA ckck lkgc dk ekuuk Fkk fd tkfr O;oLFkk gh lkekftd lekurk ds ekxZ esa lcls cM+h ck/d gS] lkekftd fo"kerkvksa dks nwj djus ds fy, lcls çkHkko'kkyh ekè;e jktuhfrd lÙkk gh gSA vktknh ds ckn ds lkjs vuqHko ;g crkrs gSa fd nfyr oxZ fd fLFkfr lq/kjus ds fy, jktuhfrd lÙkk us egRoiw.kZ dk;Z fd;k gS ysfdu oks lHkh LokFkZ çsfjr gh jgs gSa ------bu lc foMEcukvksa ds dkj.k ge vkt Hkh vEcsMdj dks la?k"kZ djrs ns• jgs gSa -----mudk jkLrk laxBu ] f'k{kk ] la?k"kZ vkSj fiQj vf/dkj dk gSA eqík pkgs lkekftd gks ;k laoS/kfud ---la?k"kZ vHkh yEck pysxk vkSj ,sls ekgkSy esa ckck lkgc dk dn vkSj çklafxdrk nksuksa gh c<+rh t;sxhA

^eSa fdlh lekt dh izxfr dk vuqeku ml lekt esa efgykvksa dhizxfrls yxkrk gwa*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

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tkfr&ikr] Nwr&vNwr] Å¡p&uhp vkfn fofHkUu lkekftd dqjhfr;ksa ds nkSj esa ,d ,slh vlk/kj.k 'kf[l;r dk vorj.k bl /jrh ij gqvk] ftlus lekt esa ,d ubZ Økafrdkjh psruk o lksp dk lw=kikr fd;kA og egku 'kf[l;r Fkh] Mk- Hkhejko jketh vEcsMdjA mUuhloha lnh esa ns'k esa Nwr&vNwr] tkfr&ikr] /eZ&etgc] Å¡p&uhp vkfn dqjhfr;ksa dk LFkkfir lkezkT; pje lhek ij tk igqapk FkkA ns'k esa euqoknh O;oLFkk ds chp lekt dks czkgkz.k] {kf=k;] oS'; vkSj 'kwæ ds :i esa foHkkftr FkkA 'kwæksa esa fuEu o xjhc tkfr;ksa dks 'kkfey djds mUgsa vNwr dh laKk nh xbZ vkSj mUgsa ukjdh; thou thus dks foo'k dj fn;k x;kA mUgsa Nquk Hkh Hkkjh iki le>k x;kA vNwrksa dks rkykcksa] dqavksa] eafnjksa] 'kS{kf.kd laLFkkvksa vkfn lHkh txgksa ij tkus ls ,dne oafpr dj fn;k x;kA bu vekuoh; ÑR;ksa dh mYya?kuk djus okys dks dkSM+ksa] ykrksa vkSj ?kwlksa ls ihVk tkrk] rjg&rjg dh Hk;adj ;kruk,a nh tkrhaA fuEu tkfr ds yksxksa ls csxkj djokbZ tkrha] eSyk <qyok;k tkrk] xUnxh mBokbZ tkrh] ey&ew=k lkiQ djok;k tkrk] >wBs crZu lkiQ djok, tkrs vkSj mUgsa nwj ls gh ukd ij diM+k j•dj viuh twBu •kus ds fy, nh tkrh o ckal dh yach ufydkvksa ls ikuh fiyk;k tkrkA •kalus o Fkwdus ds fy, muds eqag ij feêðh dh NksVh dqYgfM+;ka cka/us ds fy, foo'k fd;k tkrkA ftl LFkku ij dfFkr vNwr cSBrs mls ckn esa ml LFkku dks ikuh ls dbZ ckj /qyok;k tkrkA vR;Ur dqfVy o ekuork dks 'keZlkj dj nsus okyh ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds chp nfyrksa] fiNM+ksa vkSj ihfM+rksa ds eqfÙkQnkrk vkSj elhgk cudj vorfjr gq, Mk- Hkhejko

jketh vEcsMdj th dk tUe 14 viSzy] 1891 dks eè; çns'k esa bankSj ds fudV egw Nkouh esa ,d egkj tkfr ds ifjokj esa gqvkA mudk iSr`d xk¡o jRukfxjh ftys dh eaM.kx<+ rglhy ds varxZr vkEczkosMs FkkA muds firk dk uke jketh jko o nknk dk uke ekyksth ldiky FkkA os vius firk dh pkSng larkuksa] 11 yM+fd;ksa o 3 yM+dksa esa pkSngoha larku FksA ml le; iwoZ ds 13 cPpksa esa ls dsoy pkj cPps cyjke] vkuanjko] eatqyk o rqyklk gh thfor FksA 'ks"k cPpksa dh vdky e`R;q gks pqdh FkhA lekt tkfr&ikfr] Å¡p&uhp vkSj Nwr&vNwr tSlh Hk;adj dqjhfr;ksa ds pØO;qg esa iQalk gqvk Fkk] ftlds pyrs egkj tkfr dks vNwr le>k tkrk Fkk vkSj muls ?k`.kk dh tkrh FkhA ,sls fodV vkSj cqjs nkSj esa MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk tUe gqvk FkkA muds cpiu dk uke Hkhejko ldiky miQZ ^Hkhek* FkkA muds firk th iQkSt esa ukSdjh djrs Fks vkSj dchj iaFk ds cgqr cM+s vuq;k;h FksA mudha ekrk Jherh HkhekckbZ Hkh /kfeZd ço`fr dh ?kjsyw efgyk FkhaA 20

uoEcj] 1896 esa ek=k 5 o"kZ dh vk;q esa gh ekrk dk lk;k muds flj ls mB x;k FkkA blds ckn mudh cqvk ehjk us pkjksa cgu&HkkbZ;ksa dh ns•Hkky dhA Hkhejko us çkjafHkd f'k{kk lrkjk dh çkFkfed ikB'kkyk esa gkfly dhA 7 uoEcj] 1900 dks mudk nkf•yk lrkjk ds xouZesaV oukZD;wyj gkbZLdwy esa djok;k x;kA os cpiu ls gh vR;Ur dq'kkxz cqf¼ ds Fks vkSj gj ijh{kk esa vOoy LFkku ij jgrs FksA blds ckotwn lkekftd dqjhfr;ksa ds pyrs mUgsa vNwr ds uke ij çfrfnu vusd vlguh; viekuksa vkSj ;krukvksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk FkkA ysfdu] ckyd Hkhejko ,dne foijhr lkekftd ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds chp vuojr :i ls vius f'k{kk&vtZu ds dk;Z esa yxs jgs vkSj cgqr vPNs vadksa ds lkFk mUgksaus gkbZLdwy dh ijh{kk mÙkh.kZ dhA o"kZ 1907 esa mUgksaus eSfVªd dh ijh{kk mÙkh.kZ dhA mudha vuwBh çfrHkk ls çHkkfor gksdj ,d pgsrs o lkekftd ladh.kZrkvksa ls eqÙkQ czkgkz.k f'k{kd us mUgsa ^vEcsMdj* miuke fn;k]

^dkuwu us balku dks iSnk ugha fd;k] vfirq balku us gh viuh lqfoèkk ds fy, dkuwu dks tUe fn;k gS*


tksfd vkxs pydj muds ewy uke dk vfHkUu fgLlk cu x;kA o"kZ 1908 esa os ek=k 17 o"kZ dh vk;q esa jekckbZ ds lkFk fookg&lw=k esa ca/ x,A fookg ca/u esa ca/ us ds ckotwn mUgksaus eqacbZ ds ,yfiQaLVu dkWyst ls ,iQ-,- vFkkZr baVjehfM,V vkSj cM+kSnk ds egkjktk }kjk çnÙk 25 :i;s çfrekg Nk=ko`fr ds cycwrs o"kZ 1912 esa ch-,- dh ijh{kk cgqr vPNs vadksa ds lkFk mÙkh.kZ dhA 12 fnlEcj] 1912 dks mUgas ;'kora uked iq=k jRu dh çkfIr gqbZA 2 iQjojh] 1913 dks firk ds nsgkUr ds ckn Hkhejko vEcsMdj dks viuh i<+kbZ chp esa gh NksM+uh iM+h vkSj ikfjokfjd nkf;Ro ds fuoZgu ds fy, ukSdjh djus dks foo'k gksuk iM+kA ysfdu] FkksMs+ le; ckn gh mUgsa cM+kSnk ds egkjktk dh Ñik iqu% çkIr gqbZ vkSj mUgsa mPp f'k{kk gkfly djus ds fy, fons'k tkus dk lkSHkkX; feykA os ,l,l- vdksuk tgkt ls vesfjdk ds fy, jokuk gq, vkSj 23 tqykbZ] 1913 dks U;w;kdZ tk igqapsA ogka tkdj mUgkasus dksyfEc;k fo'ofo|ky; esa ços'k ys fy;kA mUgksua s o"kZ 1915 esa ,e-,- dh fMxzh vkSj 10 twu] 1916 dks vFkZ'kkL=k esa vesfjdk ds dksyafc;k fo'ofo|ky; ls ih-,p-Mh- iwjh dhA gkykafd fu;ekuqlkj mudk 'kks/ /ukHkko ds pyrs vkB o"kZ ckn çdkf'kr gksus ds dkj.k ih-,p-Mh fMxzh o"kZ 1924 esa gh gkfly gks ldhA os blh o"kZ okLro esa MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj cusA mUgksaus o"kZ 1916 esa ç[;kr ^yanu Ldwy vkWiQ bdkWukfedy ,.M ikWyhfVdy lkbal* esa nkf•yk ys fy;kA vpkud Nk=ko`fr jksd fn, tkus ls mUgsa i<+kbZ ds chp esa gh 21 vxLr] 1917 dks Lons'k ykSVus dks foo'k gksuk iM+kA Hkkjr ykSVdj mUgksaus iwoZ esa gLrk{kfjr vuqca/ ds vuqlkj egkjktk cM+knS k dh lsuk esa lSU; lfpo ds in ij ukSdjh djuh iM+hA bl vR;Ur lEekutud in ij jgus ds ckotwn mUgsa vNwr ds :i esa fujUrj vieku vkSj frjLdkj ds na'k dks >syuk iM+kA varr% mUgksaus bl in dks NksM+ fn;kA

blds ckn os ,d futh VÔwVj o ys•kdkj ds :i esa dke djus yxsA ckn esa mUgsa ifjfpr fe=kksa ds lg;ksx ls uoEcj] 1918 esa cacbZ ds flMuse dkWyst vkWiQ dkWelZ ,.M bdksuksfeDl esa jktuhfrd vFkZO;oLFkk ds çksiQslj ds :i esa ukSdjh fey xbZA blh nkSjku o"kZ 1920 esa gh lkSHkkX;o'k mUgsa egkjktk dksYgkiqj }kjk çnÙk Nk=ko`fr gkfly gks xbZ vkSj mUgksaus 5 tqykbZ] 1920 dks çksiQslj ds in dks NksM+ fn;kA os iqu% ^yanu Ldwy vkWiQ bdkWukfedy ,.M ikWyhfVdy lkbal* esa viuh v/wjh i<+kbZ iw.kZ djus es fy, yanu tk igqaps vkSj flrEcj] 1920 ls viuh i<+kbZ 'kq: dj nhA tuojh] 1923 esa mUgsa Mh-,l-lhvFkkZr MkWDVj vkWiQ lkbZal dh mikf/ çnku dh xbZA yanu ds ^xst bu* ls mUgksaus cSfjLVj dh ijh{kk mÙkh.kZ dhA os 3 viSzy] 1923 esa MkWDVj vkWiQ lkbZal] ih-,p-MhvkSj ckj ,V ykW tSlh dbZ cM+h mikf/;kas ds lkFk Lons'k ykSVsA Lons'k ykSVdj mUgksaus eqacbZ esa odkyr ds lkFk&lkFk vNwrksa ij gksus okys vR;kpkjksa ds fo:¼ vkokt mBkuk 'kq: dj fn;kA viuk vknksyu dks vpwd] dkjxj o O;kid cukus ds fy, mUgksaus ^ewd uk;d* if=kdk Hkh çdkf'kr djuh 'kq: dhA muds ç;klksa us jax ykuk 'kq: fd;k vkSj 19&20 ekpZ] o"kZ 1927 esa muds usrR` o esa lerk lSfud ny djhc nl gtkj ls vf/d efgykvksa o iq:"kksa us ,d fo'kky tqywl fudkyk vkSj Å¡ph tkfr ds fy, vkjf{kr ^pkscsnkj rkykc* ds ihus ds ikuh ds fy, lR;kxzg fd;k vkSj liQyrk gkfly dhA blh o"kZ mUgksaus ^cfg"Ñr Hkkjr* uked ,d ikf{kd ejkBh if=kdk dk çdk'ku djds vNwrksa esa LokfHkeku vkSj tkx:drk dk vn~Hkqr lapkj fd;kA ns•rs gh ns•rs os nfyrksa o vNwrksa ds cM+s iSjohdkj ds :i esa ns•s tkus yxsA blh ds ifj.kkLo:i MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dks o"kZ 1927 esa eqacbZ fo/ku ifj"kn dk lnL; euksuhr fd;k x;kA blh rjg mUgsa iqu% 1932 esa Hkh ifj"kn dk euksuhr lnL; pquk

x;kA fo/ku ifj"kn esa mUgksaus nfyr lekt dh okLrfod fLFkfr dks u dsoy mtkxj fd;k] cfYd 'kksf"kr lekt dh vkokt dks c•wch cqyUn fd;kA o"kZ 1929 esa mUgksaus ^lerk lekt la?k* dh LFkkiuk dhA vxys o"kZ 1930 esa mUgksaus ukfld ds dkykjke eafUnj esa vNwrksa ds ços'k dh ikcUnh dks gVkus ds fy, tcjnLr lR;kxzg fd;kA blds lkFk gh fnlEcj] 1930 esa ^turk* uke ls rhljk i=k fudkyuk 'kq: fd;kA o"kZ 1931 esa mUgksaus jk"Vªfirk egkRek xk¡/h ds fojks/ ds ckotwn nwljh xksyest dkaÚsal esa nfyrksa ds fy, vyx fuokZpu dk vf/dkj çkIr djds ns'kHkj esa gypy epk nhA xka/h th ds vu'ku ds ckn MkWvEcsMdj o dkaxzsl ds chp 24 flrEcj] 1932 dks ^iwuk iSDV* ds uke ,d le>kSrk gqvk vkSj MkW- vEcsMdj dks Hkkjh eu ls dbZ rjg ds nckoksa ds pyrs nfyrksa ds fy, vyx fuokZpu dh ek¡x okil ysuk iM+kA ysfdu] blds tokc esa mUgksaus o"kZ 1936 esa ^bafMisaMasV yscj ikVhZ* dh LFkkiuk djds vius ?kks"k.kk i=k esa vNwrksa ds mRFkku dk Li"V ,ts.Mk ?kksf"kr dj fn;kA vc 'kksf"kr lekt MkW- vEcsMdj dks vius elhgk ds :i esa ns•us yx x;k FkkA blh ds ifj.kkLo:i o"kZ 1937 ds vke pqukoksa esa MkW- vEcsMdj dks Hkkjh cgqer ls vHkwriwoZ fot; gkfly gqbZ vkSj dqy 17 lqjf{kr lhVksa esa ls 15 lhVsa uofufeZr ^bafMisaMsaV yscj ikVhZ* ds •krs esa ntZ gqbZaA os 12 o"kZ rd cEcbZ esa fo/k;d jgsA blh nkSjku os cEcbZ dkSafly ls ^lkbZeu deh'ku* ds lnL; pqus x,A mUgksaus yanu esa gqbZ rhu xksyest dkaÚsalksa esa Hkkjr ds nfyrksa dk 'kkunkj çfrfuf/Ro djrs gq, nfyr lekt dks dbZ cM+h miyfC/;ka fnyokbZaA nfyrksa ds elhgk MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa dn cgqr Å¡pkbZ ij tk igqapkA o"kZ 1942 esa mUgsa xoZuj tujy dh dkÅafly dk lnL; pqu fy;k x;kA mUgksua s 'kksf"kr lekt dks f'kf{kr djus ds mís'; ls 20 tqykbZ] 1946 dks ^ihiqYl ,tqds'ku lkslkbVh* uke dh

^tkfrfoghu lekt dh LFkkiuk ds fcuk LojkT; izkfIr dk dksbZ egRo ugha gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

7


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 8

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad f'k{k.k laLFkk dh LFkkiuk dhA blh lkslk;Vh ds ds rRok/ku esa lcls igys cEcbZ esa fl¼kFkZ dkyst 'kq: fd;k x;k vkSj ckn esa mldk foLrkj djrs gq, dbZ dkWystksa dk lewg cuk;k x;kA ;s dkWyst lewg vkt Hkh f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa vxz.kh; Hkwfedk fuHkk jgs gSAa 15 vxLr] 1947 dks ns'k dks yacs le; ds ckn Lora=krk ulhc gqbZA 29 vxLr] 1947 dks MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dks lafo/ku fuekZ=kh lHkk dh çk:i lfefr dk vè;{k in ij lq'kksfHkr fd;k x;kA viuh Vhl ds pyrs gh mUgksaus lafo/ku esa ;g çko/ku j•k fd] ^fdlh Hkh çdkj dh vLi`';rk ;k NqvkNwr ds dkj.k lekt esa vlkekU; mRiUu djuk naMuh; vijk/ gksxk*A blds lkFk gh mUgksaus vuqlwfpr tkfr ,oa tutkfr ds yksxksa ds fy, flfoy lsokvksa] Ldwyksa vkSj dkWystksa dh ukSdfj;ksa esa vkj{k.k ç.kkyh ykxw djokus esa Hkh liQyrk gkfly dhA mUgksaus efgykvksa dh lkekftd o vkfFkZd fLFkfr lqn<` + djus ij cjkcj cy fn;kA 26 uoEcj] 1949 dks lafo/ku lHkk us lafo/ku dks viuk fy;k vkSj bls 26 tuojh] 1950 dks ykxw dj fn;k x;kA bl lafo/ku ds iwjk gksus ij MkWvEcsMdj ds vkfRed mn~xkj Fks fd] ^^eSa eglwl djrk gw¡ fd lafo/ku] lkè; (dke djus yk;d) gS] ;g yphyk gS] ij lkFk gh bruk etcwr Hkh gS fd ns'k dks 'kkafr vkSj ;q¼ nksuksa ds le; tksM+dj j• ldsA okLro esa] eSa dg ldrk gw¡ fd vxj dHkh dqN xyr gqvk rks bldk dkj.k ;g ugha gksxk fd gekjk lafo/ku •jkc Fkk] cfYd bldk mi;ksx djus okyk v/e FkkA** o"kZ 1948 esa mudk nwljk fookg lfork vEcsmdj ds lkFk gqvkA vkxs pydj o"kZ 1949 esa mUgsa Lora=k Hkkjr dk çFke fof/ ea=kh cuk;k x;kA o"kZ 1950 esa MkW- vEcsMdj Jhyadk ds ^ckS¼ lEesyu* esa Hkkx ysus ds fy, x, vkSj ckS¼ /eZ ds fl¼kUrksa ls vR;Ur çHkkfor gksdj Lons'k ykSVsA mUgksaus oSpkfjd erHksnksa ds pyrs o"kZ 1951 esa fof/ea=kh ds

in ls R;kxi=k ns fn;kA MkW- vEcsMdj o"kZ 1952 ds vke pqukoksa esa gkj x,A blds ckotwn os o"kZ 1952 ls o"kZ 1956 rd jkT;lHkk ds lnL; jgsA vR;Ur dfBu o vfMx la?k"kksa ds mijkar] muds eu esa ;g eyky fo"k dk :i /kj.k dj pqdk Fkk fd os 'kksf"kr lekt ds mRFkku o le`f¼ ds fy, tks vis{kk,a Hkkjr ljdkj ls j•rs Fks] muij Hkkjr ljdkj •jk ugha mrjha vkSj viuh bPNkvksa dks iwjk djus esa os iwjh rjg dke;kc ugha gks ldsA blls c<+dj] ns'k eas dkuwu cuus ds ckotwn nfyrksa o 'kksf"krksa dh n;uh; fLFkfr ns•dj mUgsa csgn dqBa k o osnuk dk xgjk vglkl gqvkA ns'k o lekt esa nfyrksa] 'kksf"krksa o vNwrksa dks vU; tkfr;ksa ds led{k ykus ds fy, MkWvEcsMdj us cgqr yack xgu vè;;u vkSj eaFku fd;kA blds mijkar mUgksaus fu"d"kZ fudkyk fd ,dek=k ckS¼ /eZ gh ,slk gS] tks nfyrksa dks u dsoy lcds cjkcj yk ldrk gS] cfYd vNwr ds vfHk'kki ls Hkh ges'kk&ges'kk ds fy, eqfÙkQ fnyk ldrk gSA blh fu"d"kZ dks veyhtkek igukus ds fy, mUgksaus 1955 esa ^Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk* dh LFkkiuk dh vkSj 14 vÙkQwcj] 1956 esa vius 5 yk• vuq;kf;;ksa ds lkFk ckS¼ /eZ dh nh{kk ysdj ,d u, ;qx dk lw=kikr dj fn;kA mudk ekuuk Fkk fd vNwrksa ds mRFkku vkSj iw.kZ lEeku ds fy, ;gh ,dek=k vPNk jkLrk gSA bl volj ij mUgksaus 22 çfrKk,a Hkh fu/kZfjr dha] ;s çfrKk,a fgUnw lekt dh dqjhfr;ksa o vkMEcjksa ij xgjk vk?kkr djus okyh gSaA MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj cgqr cM+s ;qxn`"Vk FksA mUgksaus vNwrksa o nfyrksa dh eqfÙkQ ds vfHk'kki dh Fkkg vkSj mlls eqfÙkQ dh jkg Li"V :i ls ns• yh FkhA blhfy,] mUgksaus vkthou xjhcksa] etnwjksa] vNwrksa] nfyrksa] fiNM+ksa vkSj lekt ds 'kksf"kr oxks± dks lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj jktuhfrd vkfn gj {ks=k esa cjkcj dk LFkku fnykus ds fy, vuwBs la?k"kZ fd, vkSj vuar d"V >syAs mUgksaus lektlsod] f'k{kd] dkuwufon~]

inkf/dkjh] i=kdkj] jktusrk] lafo/ku fuekZrk] fopkjd] nk'kZfud] oÙkQk vkfn vusd :iksa esa ns'k o lekt dh vR;Ur mRÑ"V o vuqdj.kh; lsok dh o viuh vuwBh Nki NksM+hA egkekuo MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dks ns'k o lekt ds fy, muds vkthou lexz ;ksxnku dks ueu djrs gq, Hkkjr ljdkj us o"kZ 1990 esa ns'k ds lokZPs p lEeku ^Hkkjr&jRu* ls vyaÑr fd;kA mUgksaus vius thou esa ntZuksa egRoiw.kZ vkSj Økafrdkjh iqLrdksa vkSj xzUFkksa dh jpuk,a dhaA bu iqLrdksa esa ^dkLV~l bu bf.M;k*] ^LekWy gksfYMaXl bu bf.M;k ,.M ns;j jsfeMht*] ^fn çkcYe vkWiQ fn :ih*] ^,fufgys'ku vkWiQ dkLV*] ^feLVj xka/h ,.M fn ,esUlhis'ku vkWiQ fn vuVpsfcYl*] ^jkukMs] xka/h ,.M ftUuk*] ^FkkWVl ~ vku ikfdLrku*] ^okÞV dkaxl sz ,.M xka/h gSo bu Vq fn vuVpsfcYl*] ^gw os;j fn 'kwækt*] ^LVsV~l ,.M ekbukfjVht*] ^fgLVªh vkWiQ bf.M;u djsUlh ,.M cSfa dax*] ^fn vuVpsfcYl*] ^egkjk"Vª ,t , fyafXofLVd LVsV*] ^FkkV~l vkWu fyafXofLVd LVsV~l* vkfn 'kkfey FkhaA dbZ egRiw.kZ iqLrdsa muds thoudky esa çdkf'kr ugha gks ikbZaA bu iqLrdksa esa ^yscj ,.M ikfyZ;kesUVªh MseksØslh*] ^dE;quy MsMykWd ,.M , os Vq lkYo bV*] ^cq¼ ,.M fn Ýwpj vkWiQ ikfyZ;kesaV MseksØslh*] ^,lsf'ka;y dUMh'kal çhlhMsaV iQkWj fn lDlsliQqy ofdZxa vkWiQ MseksØl s h*] ^fyafXofLVd LVsVl ~ % uhM~l iQkWj psDl ,.M cSysUlt*] ^ekbZ ilZuy fiQykWliQh*] ^cqf¼Te ,.M dE;qfuTe*] ^fn cq¼ ,.M fgt /Ee* vkfn 'kkfey gSaA ;qxn`"Vk o nfyrksa vkSj fiNM+kas ds bl elhgk us ns'k esa uklwj cu pqdh Nwr&vNwr] tkfr&ikfr] Å¡p&uhp vkfn dqjhfr;ksa ds mUeqyu ds fy, vafre lkal rd vuwBk vkSj vuqdj.kh; la?k"kZ fd;kA mUgksaus 6 fnlEcj] 1956 dks vius vuar la?k"kZ dh ckxMksj u, ;qx ds d.kZ/kjksa ds gkFkksa lkSai] egkifjfuokZ.k dks çkIr gks x,A bl egku vkRek dks dksfV&dksfV

^vkn'kZ lekt ogh gS tks Lora=krk] lekurk ,oa caèkqRo ij fuHkZj gS*


¶eSaus rqEgkjs fy, tks dqN Hkh fd;k gS] og csgn eqlhcrksa] vR;Ur nq[kksa ,oa csgn cs'kqekj fojksèk;ksa dk eqdkcyk djds fd;k gSA ;g dkjoka vkt ftl txg ij gS] ml txg ij eSa mls cM+h eqlhcrksa ds lkFk yk;k gwaA rqEgkjk drZO; gS fd ;g dkjoka lnk vkxs gh c<+rk jgs] cs'kd fdruh gh #dkoVsa D;ksa u vkosaA ;fn gs! esjs vuq;kf;;ksa bls vkxs ugha c<+k ldks rks bls ;gha NksM+ nsa ij fdlh Hkh gkyr esa bls ihNs u tkus nsaA¸ ¶eq>s i<+s&fy[ks yksxksa us èkks[kk fn;k gSA mEehn Fkh fd i<+ fy[kdj lekt dk dke djsaxs ijUrq xqykeksa dh ,d HkhM+ [kM+h gks xbZ gS tks viuk isV ikyus esa yxh gqbZ gSA eq>s bu i<+s fy[ks yksxksa ls cgqr fujk'kk gqbZ gSA¸ ¶26 tuojh 1950 dks ge ,d ijLij&fojksèk ds ;qx esa izos'k djus tk jgs gSaA jktuhfr esa gekjs ikl lekurk gksxh vkSj lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd thou esa vlekurkA jktuhfr esa ge ,d O;fDr] ,d oksV rFkk ,d ewY; ds fl¼kar dks viuk;asxs fdUrq vius lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd <kaps ds dkj.k] ge ,d O;fDr] ,d oksV] ,d ewY; ds fl¼kar dk [kaMu djrs jgsaxsA ;fn ge yEcs le; rd bldk [kaMu djrs jgsaxs rks ge ,slk dsoy vius jktuSfrd yksdra=k dks [krjs esa Mkydj gh dj ldrs gSaA gesa ;g fojksèkkHkkl ;Fkk'kh?kz [kRe djuk gksxk] vU;Fkk tks vlekurk ls ihf<+r gSa os jktuSfrd yksdra=k dks m[kkM+ iQsadsaxsA¸ ¶esjh vkidks lykg ds vafre 'kCn gSa] f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr gks] vkSj la?k"kZ djksA esjk lans'k la?k"kZ rFkk vkSj vfèkd la?k"kZ ,oa nq[k rFkk vfèkd R;kx djus dk gSA R;kx vkSj eqlhcrksa dh ijokg fd;s fcuk fujarj la?k"kZ iFk ij vxzlj jguk gh rqEgkjh eqfDr dk ekxZ gSA nhu vkSj ghu Hkkouk ls ekaxus dk izo`fRr dks R;kx dj] Nhuus dk iqjlRo iSnk djksA D;ksafd vfèkdkj ;kpuk ls ugha] Nhuus ls feyrs gSaA ftl fnu ;g ohj Hkko rqEgkjs vanj iSnk gks tk;sxkA rqEgkjs vfèkdkj rqEgkjs ikl gksaxsA HksM+ cdfj;ksa dh rjg er fefe;kvks] os rks cfy p<+krs ds fy, gksrh gSaA 'ksj cuks] mldh dHkh fdlh us cfy ugha p<+kbZA¸ ¶og ns'k tks nwljs ij jkt djrk gS] Bhd ughaA og ns'k tks oxZ] tkfr] èkeZ ;k Hkk"kk ds vkèkkj ij nwljs oxZ ij jkt djrk gS] og Hkh mfpr ugha gSA izR;sd O;fDr dks vius fodkl dh iw.kZ Lora=krk vkSj os lqfoèkk,a miyCèk gksuh pkfg,A izR;sd O;fDr dks leku volj gksus pkfg,A lHkh ds fodkl esa ns'k vkSj tkfr dk fodkl laHko gSA¸ ^,d vPNh ljdkj ,d leqnk; dks nwljs leqnk; ds 'kks"k.k ls cpk, vkSj vkarfjd fgalk vkSj O;oLFkk ij fu;a=k.k djs*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

ckcklkgsc us dgk Fkk--------------

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

9


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 10

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad ¶gekjk dksbZ v[kckj ugha gS] gekjs yksxksa ij vk;s fnu tks vR;kpkj gksrs gSa] mldh lwpuk v[kckjksa esa ugha NirhA ;gka rd gekjs lkekftd ,oa jktuSfrd iz'uksa ls lacafèkr fopkjksa dks tkucw>dj turk ds lkeus ugha vkus nsuk ,d lqfu;ksftr vkSj lqlaxfBr lkft'k dk urhtk gSA¸ ¶gesa vius lkekftd ,d vkfFkZd mn~ns';ksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, laoSèkkfud rjhdksa dks gh viukuk pkfg,A bldk vFkZ gS fd gesa lfou; voKk] vlg;ksx rFkk lR;kxzg ds rjhdksa dks NksM+ nsuk pkfg,A ;s rjhds vjktdrk dh O;kdj.k ds flok; dqN ugha gS vkSj ge bUgsa ftruh tYnh R;kx nsa mruk gh vPNk gSA¸ ¶bl le;] Hkkjrh; jktuhfr] blesa vfèkdka'k fgUnw Hkkx vkè;kfRed gksus dh ctk;] lkekU;rk O;kikfjd gks xbZ gSA ;gka rd ;g Hkz"Vkpkj dh gh nwljh laKk gSA vusd laLd`r yksx bl ey dqaM ls lacaèk gksus ls drjkrs gSaA jktuhfr ,d ey O;oLFkk dh rjg vlguh; nqxZUèkiw.kZ rFkk gkfudkjd gks x;h gSA jktuhfrd cuuk xanh ukyh esa dke djus ds leku gSA¸ ¶cqf¼thoh oxZ gS tks nwjn'khZ gksrk gS] lykg ns ldrk gS vkSj usr`Ro iznku dj ldrk gSA fdlh Hkh ns'k dh vfèkdka'k turk fopkj 'khy ,oa fØ;k 'khy thou O;rhr ugha djrhA ,sls yksx izk;% cqf¼thoh oxZ vuqdj.k vkSj vuqxeu djrs gSaA ;g dgus esa dksbZ vfr';ksfDr ugha gksxh fd fdlh ns'k dk laiw.kZ Hkfo"; mlds cqf¼thoh oxZ ij fuHkZj gksrk gSA ;fn cqf¼thoh oxZ bZekunkj ;fn Lora=k ,oa fu"i{k gS rks ml ij ;g Hkjkslk fd;k tk ldrk gS fd ladV dh ?kM+h esa og igy djsxk vkSj mfpr usr`Ro iznku djsxkA¸ ¶os èkU; gSa tks ;g vuqHko djrs gSa fd ftu yksxksa esa gekjk tUe gqvk gS mudk m¼kj djuk gekjk drZO; gSA os èkU; gSa tks xqykeh dk [kkRek djus ds fy, viuk lc dqN U;kSNkoj djrs gSa vkSj èkU; gSa os] tks lq[k vkSj nq[k] eku vkSj vieku] d"V vkSj dfBukbZ;ksa] vkaèkh vkSj rwiQku & budh fcuk ijokg fd;s rc rd 'krd la?k"kZ djrs jgsaxs tc fd vNwrksa dks ekuo ds tUe fl¼ vfèkdkj iw.kZr;k izkIr u gks tk;saA¸ ¶vki vius cPps dks f'k{kk nhft, muesa egRokdka{kk mRiUu dhft,] muds efLr"d esa bl ckr dks cSBkb;s fd cM+s gksus ds fy, iSnk gq, gSaA muesa fufgr ghu Hkkouk dks nwj dhft,A vxj ,slk djsaxs rks vius fy, Hkh lEeku o xkSjo izkIr dj ldsaxsA¸

¶esjk iwjk thou vki yksxksa dks lefiZr gS vkSj mlds ,d&,d d.k ls vki iwjh rjg ifjfpr gSa&lp ;g gS fd eq>s lalkj esa ,slk dksbZ nwljk O;fDr utj ugha vkrk ftlus esjh rjg thou dh ,d&,d ijr lHkh ds fy, [kksy dj j[k nh gks vFkkZr esjk thou ,d [kqyh fdrkc gSA¸ ¶Lokra=;]lerk rFkk ca/qrk ds vk/kj ij vf/f"Br lkekftd thou gh yksdra=k dgykrk gSAHkkjr esa lerk dk iw.kZ vHkko gSAjktuhfr esa gesa lekurk feyh gS] ijUrq lkekftd rFkk vkfFkZd thou esa fo"kerk dk gh cksyckyk gSA gesa bl fo"kerk dks iQkSju u"V djuk pkfg,A¸ ¶;fn yksdekU; fryd vNwrksa esa iSnk gksrs] rks og ^LojkT; esjk tUe fl¼ vfèkdkj gS* ;g vkokt cqyUn u djrs] cfYd mudk loZizFke ukjk gksrk ^vNwriu dk [kkRek djuk esjk tUe fl¼ vfèkdkj gSA¸ ¶,d iztkrkaf=kd ljdkj ds fy, ,d iztkrkaf=kd lekt dk gksuk vko';d gSA iztkra=k ds vkSipkfjd <kaps dk dksbZ egRo ugha gSA ;fn lkekftd iztkra=k u gks rks lkekftd iztkra=k ds ctk; 'kklu dk <kapk vuqi;qZDr gksxkA jktuhfrK dHkh ;g ugha le> ik;s fd yksdra=k ,d 'kklu ,d 'kklu dk :i ugha cfYd ,d vfuok;Zr% ,d lekt dk Lo:i gksrk gSA & ,d ,slk lkekftd laxBu tks dBksj lkekftd caèkuksa ls eqDr gksA iztkra=k ds lkFk ,slh i`Fkdrk vkSj vuU;rk dk dksbZ esy ugha gS] ftlls fdlh fof'k"V vkSj fuEu oxksZa ds chp HksnHkko iSnk gksrk gksA¸ ¶esjs 'kksf"kr o xjhc HkkbZ;ksa! eSaus rqEgkjs fy, tks dqN fd;k gS og csgn eqlhcrksa]vR;Ur nq%[kksa vkSj cs'kqekj fojksf/ ;ksa dk eqdkcyk djds fd;k gSa ;g dkjoka vkt ftl txg ij gS] bl txg ij eSa bls cM+h eqlhcrksa ds lkFk yk;k gwa A rqEgkjk drZO; gS fd ;g dkjoka lnk vkxs c<+rk jgs] cs'kd fdruh gh jQdkoVsa D;ksa u vk;asA ;fn esjs vuq;k;h bls vkxs u c<k ldsa rks bls ;gha NksM+ nsa] ij fdlh gkykr esa ihNs u tkus nsa A vius yksxksa ls esjk ;gh lans'k gSa¸ ¶igyh yanu xksyest ifj"kn ckck lkgc us vxzstksa ds le{k ckck lkgc us dgk ¶Hkkjr esa fczfV'k 'kklu dks Ms<+ lkS lky chr pqds gSa]fiQj ge vNwrksa ds nq%[k nwj ugha dj lds¸ FkksMs le; i'pkr vkos'k iw.kZ vkokt esa dgk ¶lq/js gq, jk"Vª ds vf/iR; esa jgdj Hkh ;fn gesa nfyr&ihfM+r gh jguk gS]rks ,slh ljdkj gekjs fdl dke dh\¸ ¶eSa ,d cgknqj lSfud dk iq=k gwa] dk;j ugh gwa] esjk pkgs tks gks] eSa ekSr ds Hk; ls ;gka ls gV ugha ldrkA nwljksa dks [krjs esa Mkydj viuh tku cpkus okyk eSa ugha gwaA¸

^èkeZ dk vFkZ ;g ugha fd ge nwljs yksxksa dh èkkfeZd Hkkoukvksa dks fcYdqy gh Hkqyk nsa*


¶;fn vki fgUnw iz.kkyh] fgUnw laLd`fr vkSj fgUnw lekt dh j{kk djuk pkgrs gSa rks mlesa tks [kjkfc;ka iSnk gks xbZ gSa muds lqèkkjus esa rfud Hkh fgpfdpkgV iSnk u djsaA ¶vNwr lekt dh izxfr esa ck/d cuus okyk dksbZ Hkh O;fDr ;k laLFkk gks] og pkgs vNwr lekt dh gks ;k lo.kZ fgUnw lekt dh] mldk gesa fojks/ rFkk fu"ks/ djuk pkfg,A vc vius ikao ij [kM+k gksus dh dksf'k'k djuh pkfg,A¸ ¶os O;fDr izla'kk ds ik=k gSa tks vusd fo"kerkvksa] uqdrkphfu;ksa ]viekuksa]rwIkQkuksa vkSj [krjksa ds ckctwn tc rd nklrk esa xzLr nfyr oxZ dks ekuoh; vf/dkj izkIr ughsa gks tkrs]viuk la?k"kZ]viuk la?k"kZ tkjh j[ksaxsA¸ ¶vNwr lekt dks ydok ekj x;k gS bls vius iSjks [kM+s gksus dh 'kfDr izkIr djuk pkfg,A og /j /jrh ls ghu gS mls viuh ;ksX;rk vkSj xq.k ds lgkjs gh mBus dh vk'kk djuk pkfg,A¸ ¶dkaxszl ds fojks/ ds ckotwn Hkh eSa bl lafo/ku lHkk esa pqudj vk;k gw¡A lafo/ku dks eSaus vius LokLF; dks u"V djds blfy, cuk;k gSfd vNwrksa vkSj fiNM+s oxZ dh dqN HkykbZ dj ldwaA dsoy izLrko ikl dj nsus ls djksM+ksa vNwrksa dh vkfFkZd] lkekftd vkSj jktuhfrd mUufr ugha gks ldrhA¸ ¶Hkkjr 'krkfCn;ksa ds ckn Lora=k gqvkA vc bl Lora=krk dks lqjf{kr j[kuk gekjk izFke drZO; gSA vius lekt esa fdlh izdkj dh iQwV iqUk% gels Lojkt Nhu ysxhA lfn;ksa dh nklrk ds ifj.kke Lo:i ge esa dqN lkekftd foÑfr;ka mQ¡p&uhp dk Hksn]fo"kerk]fiNM+kiu]tkfrokn] vkfn HksnHkko fo|eku gSa ftlds mUewyu ds iz;kl djus pkfg,A ,slk u gksus ij gekjh gels vktknh fNuus dk [krjk gSA¸ ¶,d euq"; nwljs euq"; dks bruk vf/d ifrr le>s fd mldks fd mldks Nwus ls budkj djs] ,slh izFkk fgUnw / eZ vkSj fgUnw lekt ds flok dghsa vU;+=k Hkh feysxh D;k\lcesa bZ'oj ekuus okys vkSj vkpj.k ls euq"; dks i'kqrqY; ekuus okys yksx ik[k.Mh gSaA fgUnw /eZ esjh cqf¼ dks taprk ughsa] LokfHkekuh dks Hkkrk ughaA¸ ¶nqHkkZX; ls eSa fgUnw lekt esa vNwr iSnk gqvkA ;g esjs cl dh ckr ugha FkhA ijUrq fgUnw lekt esa cusa jgus ls bUdkj djuk esjs cl dh ckr gS vkSj eSa fuf'pr rkSj ij dgrk gwa fd eSa ejrs le; fgUnw ugha jgwaxkA ;fn lk{kkr bZ'oj Lo;a Hkh vkdj dgas fd fgUnw /eZ dks er NksM+ks] eSa mldh Hkh ugha lquwaxkA¸ ¶czkã.kokn vkSj iwathokn ;s nks etnwjksa ds nq'eu gSa] D;ksafd ;s nksuksa lerk]Lora=krk rFkk ca/qRo ds fojQ¼ gSa¸

¶gekjh gkyr xqykeksa ls Hkh cnrj gSA xqykeksa ds ekfyd mudks Nwrs Fks] ijUrq gesa Nwuk iki le>k tkrk gSA Ms< lkS o"kZ ds fczfV'k jkT; esa gekjh gkyr ^tSls Fks* gh jgh gSA vkt vNwr Hkh jkT; ds LFkku ij turk dk jkT; pkgrs gSaA etnwj fdlkuksa dk 'kks"k.k djus okys iwathifr vkSj tehankj dh j{kd ljdkj ge ughsa pkgrsA og tekuk chr x;k] tc vki iQSlyk djrs Fks vkSj fgUnqLrku ekurk FkkA og tekuk vc dHkh ykSVsxk ughaA¸ ¶vlyh bUdykc rc gks x k tc ;s xka / h] usg:]iVsYk]ckssl]iar Hkafx;ksa ds eksgYys esa vlYkh Hkaxh jgsaxs vkSj ge Hkaxh buds eksgYys esa jgdj bu ij gqdwer djsaxsA rc lPpk badykc ftUnk gksxk vkSj ^badykc ft+Unkckn*dk ukjk lkFkZd gksxkA vU;Fkk bUdykc fT+kUnkckn dk ukjk fujk <ksax gSA ¸ ¶tc rd nfyr lekt vf'kf{kr jgsxk x<~<s esa fxjk jgsxk vkSj fgUnw O;oLFkk ls yxk jgsxkA T;ksa&T;ksa og f'kf{kr gksxk og fgUnw O;oLFkk ds dkuwuksa dks lgu ughsa djsxk vkSj fgUnw lekt ls nwj pyk tk;sxkA¸ ¶;fn ge vkfFkZd vkSj lkekftd lekurk ls vf/d fnuksa rd bUdkj djrs jgs rks yksdra=k [krjs esa iM+ tk;sxk tks yksx vlekurk ds d"V dks Hkksxasxs os gekjs yksdra=k dks pdukpwj dj nsaxsA¸ ¶26 tuojh (1950)dks ge vUrfoZjks/ksa dh ftUnxh 'kq: djus tk jgsa gSaA bl fnu ge jktuhfr esa leku gksaxsA jktuhfr esa ge ,d vkneh dk ,d oksV vkSj ,d vkneh ds ,d ewY; ds fl¼kUr ls bUdkj djrs gSaA¸ ¶;g ns'k 'kkldksa vkSj 'kkf"krksa esa c¡Vk gS blus 20»'kkld vkSj 80» 'kkflr gSA ;g lehdj.k rHkh cnysxk tc 'kkflr ,dtqV gksaxsaA ;g ckr 'kkf"krksa dh le> esa vkuh pkfg,A¸ ¶lkekftd izxfr jktuSfrd lRrk ij vk/kfjr gSA jktuSfrd lÙkk lkekftd izxfr dk }kj gSA ;fn nfyr viuh ikVhZ cuk ysa rks os jktuSfrd lÙkk dks izkIr dj ldrs gSaA¸ ¶fgUnw /eZ ds dkj.k fdlh dk Hkh dY;k.k gksus okyk ugha gS] cg /eZ gh u"V Hkz"B gS*----^xjhcksa dks /eZ dh vko';drk gS]*-----xjhc O;fDr thrk gS mEehn ij----thou dk ewy vk'kk gSA¸ ¶gekjs vNwr lekt ij tks vU;k; gks jgk gS vkSj vkxs Hkh tks gksxk mlls NqVdkjk ikus ds fy,] muds eqfDr ds fy, ] vNwrksa dss mRFkku ds fy,] mudss leL;kvksa dh ppkZ djus ds fy, v[kokjksa ls c<+dj vkSj dksbZ lk/u ugha¸ ¶tks equ"; thou ds ;FkkFkZ mn~ns'; dks Hkwydj dke&Hkksxksa ds ihNs iM+ tkrk gS mldk thou csdkj gS¸

^èkeZ fujis{krk dk vFkZ gS fd ljdkj yksxksa dks dksbZ èkeZ fo'ks"k ekuus ij ckè; u djs*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

11


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

12

^t;Hkhe* ftlus Hkkjr ds djksM+kas djksM+ 'kksf"kr] oafpr] ihfM+r nfyrksa ,oa xfyrksa esa ,d ubZ psruk dk mHkkj iSnk fd;kA ;g ukjk vkt nfyrksa dh vfLerk ls tqM+k gSAa ftls llEeku nfyr fiNM+s xys yxk;s gq;s gSAa ;g ,d nwljs ds vfHkoknu ,oa Lokxr lRdkj dk i;kZ; cu pqdk gSA ftlesa lkekftd] lkaLÑfrd ,oa jktuSfrd vfHk;qRFkku dh >yd feyrh gSA ^t; Hkhe* dk lEcks/u vkt gekjs [kwu esa nkSM+ jgk gSA tks gekjh lkekftd lkaLÑfrd ,oa nfyr jktuhfr esa jk"Vªh; vfLerk dh igpku cu pqdk gSAa ;g lEcks/u okD; gesa dne&dne ij LiQwfZ r izjs .kk iznku djrk gSA t; Hkhe&t; Hkkjr gekjs jk"Vª ds izfr xkSjo n'kkZrk gSA ds eq[k ls fudyh cM+h ckrsa ,d lw=kor dk;Z dj tkrh gSA tks ukjksa dk Lo:i /kj.k dj ysrh gS pkgs og lkekftd ukjk gks] /kfeZd vFkok jktuSfrd bu dk izHkko tu ekul ij lgt ,oa ljy :i ls iM+rk fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA ijUrq dqN ukjs ,slh vfeV igpku cuk tkrs gSa tks tu&eu dks xgjs rd vkUnksfyr djrs jgrs gSaA pkgs vktknh ds nkSjku fn;k x;k usrk th lqHkk"k pUæ cksl dk ukjk ^rqe eq>s [kwu MkW- dqlqe ^fo;ksxh*@dchj dkR;k;u nks eSa rqEgsa vktknh nwaxk* ;k ykssd ekU; ;wa rks] ukjksa dk tu ekul dks yqHkkus fryd dk ukjk ^LojkT; gekjk tUe fl¼ ,oa fj>kus dk ,d l'kDr ekè;e gSA cM+ksa vf/dkj gS* ;k xka/h th }kjk fn;k x;k ukjk

@

^vLi`';rk ,d lkekftd vfHk'kki gS* vFkok ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk fn;k x;s oDrO; dh ,d iafDr ^^nqHkkZX; ls eSa fgUnw /eZ esa iSnk gqvk gwa ;g esjs o'k dh ckr ugha] exj fgUnw /eZ eas e:axk ugha ;g esjs o'k dh ckr gS** bR;kfnA ;g oks lwDr okD; gaS tks ml le; ls vkt rd vkUnksfyr djrs pys tk jgs gSaA lu~ 1945 esa vktkn fgUn iQkSt ds xBu ds ckn ^t; fgUn* dk ukjk vktknh ds nhokuksa dks vktknh dks izsfjr djrk jgk tks vkt Hkkjrh; vfLerk dh jk"Vªh; igpku gSa jktuSfrd iVy ij 80 ds n'kd

^euq"; dk thou fuekZ.k tUe ls ugha deZ ls gksrk gS*


esa cgqtu lekt ikVhZ ds lkekftd vkfFkZd] /kfeZd] jktuSfrd ukjksa us tMor lkekftd O;oLFkk dh pwyas fgyk nhaA ;s ukjsa brus tks'khys] HkM+dhys mÙkstukRed Fks fd ,d ckjxh tu ekul ds tgu esa rstkch vlj fn[kykrsA iaMs&iqjksfgrksa dh vka[kks esa /qa/ mrjus yxh jktuhfrd eBk/h'kksa ds r[rksa rkt fgyus Mqyus yxs vkSj rks vkSj lewpk jktuhfr dk ifjn`'; cnyus yxkA mu ukjksa dh foospuk djuk ;gka vfuok;Z ugha ge lc tkurs gSa ukjksa dk peRdkfjd Lo:iA ,slk gh ,d ukjk gSA ^t;Hkhe* ftlus Hkkjr ds djksM+ksa djksM+ 'kksf"kr] oafpr] ihfM+r nfyrksa ,oa xfyrksa esa ,d ubZ psruk dk mHkkj iSnk fd;kA ;g ukjk vkt nfyrksa dh vfLerk ls tqM+k gSaA ftls llEeku nfyr fiNM+s xys yxk;s gq;s gSaA ;g ,d nwljs ds vfHkoknu ,oa Lokxr lRdkj dk i;kZ; cu pqdk gSA ftlesa lkekftd] lkaLÑfrd ,oa jktuSfrd vfHk;qRFkku dh >yd feyrh gSA ^t; Hkhe* dk lEcks/u vkt gekjs [kwu esa nkSM+ jgk gSA tks gekjh lkekftd lkaLÑfrd ,oa jktuhfr esa jk"Vªh; vfLerk dh igpku cu pqdk gSAa ;g lEcks/u okD; gesa dne&dne ij LiQwfrZ izsj.kk iznku djrk gSA t; Hkhe&t; Hkkjr gekjs jk"Vª ds izfr xkSjo n'kkZrk gSA dkiQh fnuksa ls eu esa fopkj mRiUu gks jgk Fkk D;ksa u bl ukjs dh ,sfrgkfld i`"B Hkwfe dk lekt ,oa jk"Vª ds lEeq[k j[kk tk; vkSj tc dye mBkbZ rks ;g lp vkt mtkxj gks ldkA ;s ckr lu~ 1942 dh gSaA ml le; ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj fnYyh jkt/kuh esa i/kjs] ml le; vki Hkkjr ljdkj ds Je ea=kh Fks ftudk fuokl 22] i`Foh jkt jksM+ ubZ fnYyh FkkA mlh le; lekt ds dqN izeq[k nfyr lekt lsfo;ksa dks MkW- vEcsMdj dh tkudkjh gqbZ fd og gekjs nfyr lekt ds O;fDr gaSA rks mÙkj Hkkjr ds lekt lsfo;ksa esa mudh ppkZ gksuh 'kq: gks xbZ] rks muls feyus ds fy;s og

tkus yxs] ftuesa fnYyh 'kkgnjk lwcs ds pkSukScr flag tks 'kkgnjk ds vNwrksa esa ,d ize[q k lekt lsoh FksA tks fcgkjh yky gfjr ,oa xkso/Zu nkl th ds /fUk"B lkFkh rFkk ije fgrS"kh lekt lsoh O;fDr;ksa esa mudk fo'ks"k LFkku FkkA Jh ukScr flag th us fcgkjh yky ,oa xkso/Zu nkl rFkk ft;kyky dnZe ls dgk fd nsgyh esa vNwrksa ds ,d cgqr cM+s usrk fczfV'k ljdkj ds Je ea=kh in ij vklhu gSaA eSa Lo;a muds n'kZu djds vk;k gwaA vxj vkidk fopkj gks rks ge D;ksa u viuh laLFkk Jh tkVo lHkk 'kkgnjk ds okf"kZdksRlo ds volj ij mudks fueaf=kr fd;k tkos] D;kasfd ea=kh egksn; ls eSa Lo;a rks ijke'kZ dj pqdk gwaA vkSj viuh bl lHkk ds dk;ksZa ls Hkh voxr djk pqdk gwaA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us laLFkk esa dqN ukedj.k la'kks/u djus ds fy;s Hkh dgk fd 'kSMY;wM dkLV iQsMjs'ku ds MkW- ekf.kd pan ohj Jh tkVo lHkk* ds drkZ /rkZ Fks ftUgksua s nfyrksa dks ^tkVo* tkfr ls Lo;a dks lEcksf/r djus dks dgk vkSj mÙkj Hkkjr esa ,d gok pyh dh pekj tkfr ds yksx Lo;a dks tkVo tkfr fy[ks ,oa lEcksf/r djsaA esjB dfe'ujh ds nsoh n;ky lsu izeq[k lekt lsoh Fks ftUgksaus esjB ds HkSalkayh xzkmaM esa fo'kky tu lHkk dk vk;kstu fd;k vkSj MkW- vEcsMdj us igyh ckj mÙkj Hkkjr ds nfyrksa dks lEcksf/r fd;k ftuesa vkxjk dh lHkk pDdh ikB izeq[k Fkh rFkk ckn esa dkuiqj Hkh x,A Jh ukScr flag tkfr ls tkVo Fks muds firk dk uke lq[kjke Fkk tks vius le; ds vPNs vk;Z lekth Fks iBku iqjk 'kkgnjk ds fuoklh Fks bUgsa yksx eqa'kh ukScr flag ds uke ls tkurs Fks vkSj uksfViQkbM ,fj;k desVh 'kkgnjk esa jSV xSax teknkj Hkh FksA o;kso`¼ cqf¼thoh Jh iQrsgpUn ckYehdh us muds fo"k; esa dgk fd 'kkgnjk es vkt rd bruk ;ksX; mLrkn vkSj fcgkjh yky gfjr tSlk f'k"; ugha gqvkA ea'q kh ukScr flag th us 'kkgnjk okfl;ksa vkSj fo'ks"k dj viuh tkVo tkfr dks lxafBr djus esa vge~ Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA Jh tkVo lHkk rFkk tkVo lsokny tSls lxaBu

cukdj ,sls vusd uo;qod rS;kj fd;s tks le; iM+us ij fojks/h 'kfDr;ksa dk lkeuk dj ldsaA ,d ckj buds eu esa vk;k fd ,d tylk fd;k tk;s] ftlesa MkWvEcsMdj dks vkeaf=kr fd;k tk; (D;ksafd ckck lkgsc ls og iwoZ esa dbZ ckj lEidZ ijke'kZ dj pqds Fks) ftlesa uo;qodksa dks muds drZO; cks/ dh tkudkjh fnykbZ tk,A fdUrq tylk djus ds fy;s dqN iSlksa dh vko';drk FkhA eqa'kh th us mUgha fnuksa ,d dksV cuok;k FkkA tc mUgsa tylk djus dks dgha ls dqN Hkh feyrk fn[kkbZ ugha fn;k rks fnYyh 'kgj tkdj fdlh ykyk ds ;gka ikap :i;s esa viuk dksV fxjoh j[k fn;k vkSj ckx nhokj fLFkr (iqjkuh fnYyh jsyos LVs'ku ds lkeus) ml izsl esa iksLVj vkfn Niok;sa] ftlds Lokeh Jh Mh-,u'kkL=kh Fks tks vtquZ xyh 'kkgnjk esa jgrs FksA Jh fcgkjh ykyk gfjr th us ml le; eq'a kh th ds lEcU/ esa rhu iQekZ vFkkZr 48 i`"B dh ,d fdrkc ^ukScr flag dk Madk* fy[kh Fkh ftlesa bl ?kVuk dk mYys[k dqN ;ksa fd;k& ^^,d le; tylk djus dh fny esa yxh pksVA /ku vHkko ds dkj.k viuk fxjoh j[k fn;k dksV**

viuh iz[kj lw>&cw> rFkk lekt lsok ds cy ij mUgksaus bruh [;kfr vftZr dh fd mudks uksfViQkM ,fj;k desVh dk lnL; euksfur fd;k x;k rFkk egsUæ flag csnh tSls rRdkyhu mP;kf/dkjh ds vkils O;fDrxr lEca/ Fks Jh fcgkjh yky gfjr dks lekt lsok ds {ks=k esa ykus dk Js; Lo- ukScr flag th dks gh gSA gfjr th Lo;a yksd dfo lkfgR;dkj FksA tc ^Jh tkVo lHkk* esa ukedj.k la'kks/u dk izLrko ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj vuqlkj lHkk esa j[kk x;k rks loZ lEefr ls ('ksM~;wy dkLV iQsMjs'ku) Lohdkj dj fy;k x;kA varr% blh iaMky esa ,d fnu dkaizQsl blh cSuj rys gksuh pkfg;sA MkW- lkgc dks lwpuk ns nsuh pkfg;s fd vki gh bl dkaizQsl dk mn?kkVu djsaA bu fopkj izLrkoksa dks ysdj eqa'kh ukScr flag fcgkjh yky gfjr ,oa xkso/Zu nkl

^'kks"k.k rHkh jksdk tk ldrk gS tc lekt ds leLr lkèkuksa ij ljdkj dk vfèkdkj gks*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

13


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 14

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad rFkk vU;ksa ds lkFk f'k"V eMay ds :i esa ckck lkgsc dh dksBh ij mifLFkr gq;As ogha ij lksgu yky 'kkL=kh MkW- ekf.kd pan ohj vkxjk okys 'kadjkuUn 'kkL=kh rFkk vU;ksa ls lEidZ gqvk tks viuh {ks=kh; leL;k;sa ysdj muls feyus vkrs jgrs FksA rc lkjk c`rkUr mUgas dg lquk;kA tc ckck lkgsc ls Jh tkVo lHkk rys dkaiQz l s djus dh ;kstuk j[kh rks ckck lkgc us mn~?kkVu djus ds fy;s viuh Lohd`rh rks ns nh fdUrq bl 'krZ ij fd lHkk vè;{k uxj dk dksbZ fo'ks"k O;fDr gksuk pkfg;sA bl ij fopkj djus ds i'pkr Jh y[ehpUn tSu dks tks 'kkgnjk uxj ds izfl¼ O;fDr;ksa esa ls Fks dks pquk x;k vkius fgUnw dkWyt s ls lu~ 1937 esa ch,-dh ijh{kk ikl dh Fkh lu~ 1944 esa Jh tSu dks 'kkgnjk E;wfufliSfyVh dk lnL; euksuhr fd;k x;k] 1951 esa 'kkgnjk {ks=k dh tux.kuk ds vki phiQ Fks lu~ 1959 ls 1969 rd izFke Js.kh ds voSrfud eftLVªsV rFkk vU; lHkk lLFkkvksa ds inksa dks foHkwf"kr fd;kA vkSj mUgsa dkaizQsl ds fy;s vè;{k pquk x;k vkSj vf/os'ku 'kq: gks x;kA fdUrq ckck lkgsc fo'ks"k dk;ksZ esa O;Lr gksus ds dkj.k dkaizQsl esa ugha vk ldsA vf/os'ku dh lwpuk ysus ij fnYyh ds fMIVh dfe'uj fe- ykosyh lkgc vius ny&cy lfgr vf/os'ku esa ia/kjs vkSj Jh tkVo lHkk ds cSuj rys vf/os'ku nks fnu pydj lekIr gqvk ftlesa 'kkgnjk ,oa fnYyh lwcs ls lVs xkaoksa ls gtkjksa nfyrksa us Hkkx fy;kA rc rd 'kSMY;wM dkLV iQsMjs'ku Hkh fo/or LFkkiuk ugha gq;h FkhA fliQZ MkW- vEcsMdj us ,d ekSf[kd :i js[kk cukbZ gqbZ FkhA MkW- vEcsMdj dk Økafrdkjh vkUnksyu ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us /hjs&/hjs viuk izHkko mÙkj Hkkjr esa c<+k fy;k Fkk rFkk fofHkUu {ks=kksa ds lkekftd dk;Z drkZvksa ij mudk ,slk izHkko iM+k og muls lnk lEidZ esa jgus yxsA dqN le; ckn MkW- vEcsMdj us viuh dksBh ij cqyk;k vkSj dgk fd HkkbZ;ksaA vxj vki esjk lkFk nas rks eSa ,d Økafrdkjh laxBu cukuk

pkgrk gwaA lEHkor;k mÙkj Hkkjr dh tkfr; la[;kvksa dks ,d cSuj rys ,df=kr djds viuh laLFkk dk uke 'kSM~;wy dkLV iQsMjs'ku j[ks rks csgrj gksxkA D;ksafd mudk c`gn fparu mÙkj Hkkjr dh fc[kjh tkfr;ksa ds yksxksa dks ,d laLFkk ds rgr ,df=kr dj fo'kky tu vkUnksyu dj eqfge NsM+uk FkkA D;ksafd MkW- vEcsMdj ds tgu esa iQsMjs'ku dks ysdj Li"V :ijs[kk igys ls gh fo|eku FkhA ftldh ppkZ og nfyr lekt lsfo;ksa ls djrs jgrs FksA ijUrq] 'kkgnjk esa igyk tylk Jh tkVo lHkk ds rRoko/ku esa gh fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj vxyh tu lHkk;sa 'kSMY;wM dkLV iQsMjs'ku ds rRoko/ku esa gh gksaA mÙkj Hkkjr ds lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ tks Hkh MkWvEcsMdj ls feyus vkrs mldh :i js[kk n'kkZrs vkSj viuh&viuh lgefr O;Dr djrs ;g ogha le; 1942 ds vklikl dk Fkk] tc vNwrksa esa xqykeksa ds xqyke u jgus dh izo`fr dks MkW- vEcssMdj tkx`r dj jgs FksA ^^Lor=ark dk iwjk vkUnksyu rhu Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr FkkA ,d Lo.kZ fgUnwvksa dk Fkk xkka/kh] usg: ds usr`Ro esa nwljk eqfLye yhx ds ekè;e ls ftUuk }kjk i`Fkd jkT; dh LFkkiuk rhljk vNwr oxZ ds vf/kdkjksa dks ysdj MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk NsM+k x;k vkUnksyu /khjs&/khjs vius pje dh vksj c<+ jgk Fkk**A 30 ekpZ lu~ 1942 dks ckck lkgsc MkWvEcsMdj us fnYyh esa nks fnu dk vNwr lEesyu djk;k ftlesa nwj&nwjkt ds nsgkrksa ls Hkh gtkjksa dk;ZdrkZvksa us Hkkx ysdj vius elhgk MkW- vEcsMdj ds fopkj lqusa vkSj blh nks fnol Hkhe lEesyu esa ckck lkgc MkW- vEcsMdj us fØIl ;kstuk ds lca/ esa Hkh vius fopkj O;Dr fd;s ;s blh tu lHkk esa 'kkgnjk ds fo[;kr lekt lsoh lkfgR;dkj xkso/Zu&fcgkjh viuh laxhr eaMyh dks ysdj igqaps Fks] tgka mUgksaus laxhr ds }kjk viuh lekt lq/kj ,oa ^t;Hkhe* jpuk ls vNwrksa dh okg&okgh ywVhA bruk gh ugha ckck lkgc MkWvEcsMdj bl jpuk dks lqudj brus Hkko

foHkksj gq;s fd og bl jpuk dks Lo;a laxhr eMayh ds lkFk&lkFk xk jgs FksA iwjk dk iwjk ckrkoj.k laxhr e; gks x;k FkkA MkWvEcsMdj vNwr mHkkj dks ysdj eu gh eu xn~&xn FksA ys[kd MkW- dqlqe dk tudfo fcgkjh yky gfjr th ls muds fuokZ.kksijkUr rd 30 o"kZ dk Nk=k thou ls gh lca/ jgk Fkk bl ?kVuk dks og cM+s vkRe foHkksj gksdj ge tSls vU;kU; ys[kdksa dks Hkh crkrsA Hkwi flag dSu]iwoZ ,e,y,] eku flag rksgiQk iqfj;k xkso/Zu nkl] calh jke eqlkfiQj]ykSVh ckys] ft;kyky dnZe] dUgS;kyky ckYehfd (lakln) rFkk iwoZ esa lkfgR;dkjksa ] ys[kdksa ls Hkh laidZ gqvk ;g esjk xkSjo gh FkkA mu egk iq:"kksa ds lEidZ ,oa lkfuè; esa vkus dk vz¼ko'k lHkh yksx vkpk;Z tudfo fcgkjhyky gfjr th dks xq: th dgdj iqdkjrs FksA muds lkfgR; eMay esa eq> tSls vusdks lkfgR;dkj FksA tks vkt Hkh nfyr vkEcsMdjh lkfgR; vkUnksyu esa lfØ; Hkwfedk vnk dj jgs gSaA dqN fuokZ.k izkIr gks pqds gSaA D;ksafd iwuk iSDV ds le; egkRek xka/h us ,d opu fn;k Fkk fd rqe viuk vkUnksyu vNwrkas dk okfil yks eSa nl lky dh vof/ esa leLr ns'k dh NqvkNkr [kre djkds ijLij HkzkrRo Hkko iSnk djus dk okrkoj.k rS;kj d:xkaA fdUrq [ksn ds lkFk vkt eq>s dguk iM+ jgk gSA fd nl lky chr tkus ds ckn Hkh dqÙks dh nqe lnSo dh Hkkafr Vs<h+ gh n`f"V xkkspj gks jgh gSA ml le; NqvkNkr vius pje ij FkhA dqÙks fcYyh rFkk vU; tkuojksa ls Hkh cnrj Fkh dSlh lkekftd fc"kerk fojkteku FkhA MkWvEcsMdj us dgk ;fn eSa vc vkUnksyu ugha NksM+rk gaw rks vNwrksa dk Hkfo"; vkSj va/dkj e; gks tk;sxkA blfy;s vki lHkh yksx dfVc¼ gksdj vius&vius dk;Z {ks=k eas mrkjQ gks tkvks rks mUufr vkids pj.k pwe ldrh gS eSa fc"kerk iw.kZ fgUnw lkekftd O;oLFkk dk 'kewy uk'k djds gh ne ywaxkA ml le; iwjs ns'k esa vNwrksa dh ,d ek=k laLFkk vf[ky Hkkjrh; 'kSMY;wM

^xqykeh yEch ftanxh ls vktknh dk dqy iyksa dk thou dgha vPNk gS*


dkLV iQsMjs'ku cukbZ xbZ ftldh Økafr dh fpxkajh FkksM+s gh le; esa lkjs ns'k esa HkM+d mBhA xkao&xkao vkSj uxj&uxj esa bldk izpkj 'kq: gks x;k bldh 'kk[kk;s gj ,d izkar esa lqpk: :i ls dk;Z djus yxha lc yksxksa us izk.k iz.k ls izfrKk dh vkSj vNwr oxZ ds yksx ru]eu] /u vi.kZ djus ds fy;s dfVc¼ FksA o"kksZ vkUnksyu pyus ds ckn lajpuk feyh dh vaxzst vc Hkkjr esa vf/d fnu ughaa Bgj ldrs vkSj vktknh dh csyk fudV Hkfo"; esa gh vkus okyh gSA m/j dkaxzsl ds deZB ;ks¼k ftuesa lHkh oxZ ,oa lewg ls vaxzstksa ds fo:¼ laxzke esa lsukuh cudj mrkjQ Fks tks egkRek xka/h ,oa iafMr tokgj yky usg: ds usrR` o esa vlg;ksx vkUnksyu pyk jgs FksA b/j nwljh fpaxkjh dk mn; ftUuk ds usr`Ro esa gqvk tks eqLyhe yhx ds ekè;e ls eqfLyeksa ds fy;s vyx jkT; dh ekax dj jgk FkkA fczfV'k gqdwer ds b'kkjs ij foHkktu ds fo:¼ xka/h vM+s jgsA varr~ foHkktu gksdj jgk tks foHkktu ds :i esa eStwnk ikfdLrku dk :i gSA rhljk vkUnksyu ckck lkgsc ds usr`Ro esa vNwrks }kj ds fy;s pyk;k tk jgk FkkA MkW- vEcsMdj dk viuk er Fkk fd ge fczfV'k gqdwer ls rks eqDr gks tk;sxasA exj ge xqykeksa ds xqyke gh lnSo cus jgsxsaA ckck lkgsc nksuksa vkUnksyuksa ls nwj jgdj vNwrksa ds ekuoh; vf/dkjksa dh cgkyh ds fy, la?k"kZjr FksA og cjkcj dêðj dkaxzsfl;ksa ,oa fczfV'k ls vius oxZ ds gd gqdwer ds fy;s yM+rs jgsA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj vNwrksa dk Hkfo"; dkaxzsl ds gkFkksa lqjf{kr ugha ekurs FksA 1945 esa usrkth lqHkk"k pUæ cksl us ,d ukjk vktkn fgUn iQkSt dks ^^t; fgUn** dk fn;k FkkA vNwr oxZ Lo.kZ fgUnqvksa ds vkR;kpkjksa ls ihfM+r gksdj buds leLr ukjksa ds fo:¼ Fks vkSj ,d Økafrdkjh ukjs dh [kkst esa vNwrksa dks ,d eap ij ykus dh tqxr esa FksA mÙkj Hkkjr ds vk/s ls vf/d nfyr dkaxszl ds izHkko esa ckcw txthou ds dkj.k FksA tks Lora=krk vkUnksyu esa c<+

p<+dj fgLlk ysa jgs FksA f'kf{kr O;fDr ckck lkgc MkWvEcsMdj ds izHkko esa T;knkrj jgsA MkWvEcsMdj dk fopkj fparu mUgsa xgjs rd izHkkfor dj jgk Fkk vkSj muds ekxZ n'kZu esa dk;Z dj jgs FksA ftuesa izks- cq¼ fiz; ekS;]Z lksgu yky 'kkL=kh] 'kadjk uan 'kkL=kh] eksgu yky ckS¼] ekLVj NksVsyky] psrjke HkkLdj vkfn izeq[k FksA fcgkjh yky gfjr ,oa xkso/Zu nkl ftUgsa (xkso/Zu fcgkjh) ds uke ls fo[;kr Fks og ckck lkgsc ,oa ckcw txthou jke nksuksa ls lnk lEidZ j[krs FksA lekt lsoh lkfgR;dkj Fks laxhr ds ekè;e ls xkao&xkao tkdj vNwrksa dks yke can djrs lu~ 1945 esa gh 'kkgnjk fuoklh xkso/Zu fcgkjh ds fuokl LFkku ij fnYyh ds izfr"Br lTtuksa dh ,d cSBd gq;h rsyh okM+k 'kkgnjk esaA tgka ij t; Hkhe ukjs dk mn; gqvkA t; Hkhe ukjs dk mn; tc izfrf"Br O;fDr;ksa dh cSBS d py jgh Fkh rks ml le; ds ekStnw k fuxe ik"kZn us dgk fd gekjs ikl dksbZ Hkh viuk t; ?kks"k ugha gSA bl ij fopkj izdV djrs gq;s fd MkW- vEcsMdj gekjs lekt ds loZekU; usrk ds :i esa mHkj pqds gSA ftudk uke Hkhe jko jketh jko vEcsMdj gS ge D;ksa u muds uke ij gh ,d ukjk rS;kj dj ysaA bl ij Jh xkso/Zu nkl th us dgk fd vc jkr Hkh vf/d gks pyh gSA D;k gfjr th vkt dh cSBd ds mís'; dh iwfrZ gksxh ;k ugha bl ij cSBd lekIr gksus ij eq[k ls ;g ukjk fudyk ^t; Hkhe* A ge lcus feydj dgk ^t; Hkhe* lHkh dk eu xn&xn gks x;k] rkfy;ksa dh xMxMkgV esa cM+s g"kksZYykl ls t; Hkhe dk ukjk xwat mBk vkSj fopkj fd;k fd tks Hkh vNwr vkil esa feysa rks ijLij t; Hkhe dgk djsa rHkh ;g ;g ukjk tu tu rd igqap ldrk gS dqN O;fDr;ksa us dgk bl ij dksbZ ys[k fy[kuk pkfg;sA tks ;g 'kh?kz izpfyr gks ldsA Jh th;k yky dnZe ,oa vU; lkfFk;ksa us dgk fd bl dk;Z Hkkj dks Jh fcgkjh yky gfjr dks

lkSia k tk, vkSj ,d dfork vkt jkr dks gh rS;kj gksuh pkfg;s vkSj ml le; ,d iqLrd dh jpuk gq;h ftldk uke ^vNwrksa dk csrkt ckn'kkg* j[kk x;kA ftldh gtkjksa izfr;ka fcdhA vkSj ukjk izpfyr gks x;kA vkt ;gh ukjk tufiz; gks x;kA orZeku nfyr viuh vfLerk dh igpku blh ukjs ls djkrs gSA t; Hkhe lEcks/u vkt nfyrksa fiNM+ksa ds lkFk&lkFk lo.kZ lekt Hkh vkilh lEca/uksa Lo:i Lohdkj djus yxk gSaA lkekftd fo"kerk dh njkjsa /hjs&/hjs njdus yxh gSaA og le; vc nwj ugha tc ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ds fopkjksa dks bl jk"Vª ds tu ekul dks Lohdkj djuk gksxkA lerk ewyd lekt dh LFkkiuk esa t; Hkhe dk mn~?kks"k ekuoh; dY;k.k gsrq jk"Vªh; vfLerk dh igpku cudj mHkjus yxk gSA t; Hkhe dfoÙk fcgkjh yky gfjr }kjk jfpr bl izdkj gSA ^^t; Hkhe uo;qod dkSe ds tqV tkosa] lc feydj dkSe ijLrh esaA t; Hkhe dk ukjk yxk djs] Hkkjr dh cLrh 2 esaAA X;kjk rkjksa esa bdyk gy] >aMs dk fpUg gekjk gksA >aMs dk MaMk mQapk gks] turk dk dkiQh ykjk gksAA gj euq"; dkSe dk c<+&p<+ dj] bl rfj;ksa ls yydkjk gksA ge vkfn fuoklh Hkkjr ds] ;g cqYkUn gekjk ukjk gksAA detksjh fny ls nwj djks] vk tkvks vlyh gLrh esaA t; Hkhe dk ukjk----- AA1AA vius gh ckx cxhps gksa viuh gh [ksrh D;kjh gksA vius gh dkuwu xks cus] vkSj vius gh iVokjh gksAA vius gh pkS/jh eqf[k;k gks] viuh gh uEcjnkjh gksA rhuksa cy tc vius gksa rks] D;ksa uk fot; gekjh gksAA lc Hkwfe ij vf/dkj jgs]

^nq[k fuokj.k ds fy, ckS¼ èkeZ dk ekxZ gh lqjf{kr ekxZ gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

15


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 16

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad igyh y?kq iqfLrdk ^vNwrksa dk csrkt ckn'kkg* esa Fkh ftls laxhr eaMfy;ksa ds ekè;e ls xkaoksa dh vNwr cfLr;ksa xk&xkdj lquk;k tkrk vkSj yksxksa ds fnekxksa esa ;g t; Hkhe ukjk ?kj dj x;kA ckn esa ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ds O;fDrRo ÑfrRo ij pEiw dkO; esa Hkhek;.k fy[kh ftldk iBu&ikBu vkYgk dh rtZ ij xkao&xkao eas gksrk fookg 'kkfn;ksa ds volj ij vEcsMdj dk vfHkuUnu fd;k x;kA Hktu eaMfy;ka tkfr vkSj vNwrksa dks vfo/k] :f<+okn HkkX; okn ds fo:¼ f'kf{kr djrhA ftlus ,d tkfr lq/kj vkUnksyu pyk;k ftldk izHkko mÙkj Hkkjr ds vNwrksa ij i<+k] xjhc fu/Zu vlgk; esgur etnwjh dj vius cPpksa dks Ldwy esa i<+us dks vkUnksfyr djrsA tudfo fcgkjh yky gfjr (fuokZ.k izkIr) nfyr lkfgR; ds vk/kj LrEHk gSA muds }kjk jfpr lkfgR; us tuekul dks mísfyr gh ugha fd;k oju~ eq> tSls vusdksa lkfgR;dkjksa us muls cgqr dqN vftZr fd;k gSaA ys[kd dk muls 1974 esa lEidZ gqvk vkSj muds fuokZ.k izkIr gksus rd lkFk jgsA ckcw txthou jke th ls lEidZ mUgksua s us gh djk;kA ml esjh mez 20&22 lky Fkh gfjr lkfgR; eaMyh esa lcls de mez njkt FkkA vkidh cSBd ij gh tkus ekus lkfgR;dkjksa ls ifjp; gqvk ftuesa loZ Jh galjkt jgcj] ine Jh {kse pan lqeu] iQrsg pan 'kekZ vkjk/d] dSyk'k pan 'kekZ] r:.k Hkjr jke Hkê]ð MkW- ';ke flag 'kf'k] MkW- ,y-ch-jk; vuar] MkW- fotsUæ Lukrd] 'kk;js vkte f=kyksd pan vkte bR;kfnA gfjr th us 14 o"kZ dh mez ls gh dfork fy[kuk izkjEHk dj fn;k FkkA yksdxhr] laxhr Hktu] gkL;jl lk/kj.k Hkk"kk eas dkO; dh lSdM+kas jpuk;as buds }kjk dh xbZ Ldwyh thou ls gh buds cky l[kk gh ugha vfirq thou Hkj lkFk jgus okys Jh xkso/Zu nkl buds lg;ksxh jgsA ije~ fe=k gksus ds ukrs vkSj cM+s gksus ij ^xkso/Zu fcgkjh* ds uke ls yksd xhrksa] Hktuksa vkSj ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ij fy[kh lkfgfR;d dforkvksa esa budk uke ^^xkso/

D;k egaxh vkSj D;k lLrh esaA t; Hkhe dk ukjk-----AA2AA ,d&,d :i;k tek djsa] nl djksM+ ls vf/d [ktkuk gksA nks pkj ckj esa cu ldrk] xj rqedks fdyk cukuk gksAA mUufr pj.k pwes muds] tgka i<+uk vkSj i<+kuk gksA vius gksa iafMr mins'kd] tkfr ekrk dk xkuk gksAA ttckr dkSe ds mBrs gksa] lU;klh vkSj x`gLFkh esaA t; Hkhe dk ukjk -------AA3AA cyokuksa dh nqfu;ka yksxks] ;s nqfu;k uk detksjksa dhA ru&cy /u&cy fo|k cy dh] uk gS dkys xksjksa dhAA rhuksa cy gkfly dj yks] vc lksgcr rtks NNksjksa dhA mBuk gS rks mBdj vkvks] vkl djks D;ksa vkSjksa dhAA vc lksus dk le; ugha] uk dke pysxk lqLrh esaA t; Hkhe dk ukjk------AA4AA ftl fgUn is nqfu;ka yM+rh gS] oks fgUn gekjs ckck dkA gdnkj ogh gks ldrk gS] tks fcUn gekjs ckck dkAA psySat mls fey dj ns nks] tks ftUn gekjs ckck dkA ikoSxk blesa ogh clj] i+QjtUn gekjs ckck dkAA dc rd fiQrukxj dke djsxk] bl pkykdh pqLrh esaA t; Hkhe dk ukjk-------AA5AA ckrksa ls dke pysxk ugha] ckrksa ij feVus okys gksaA ckr&ckr dh ckrksa esa] ckrksa ij mBus okys gksaAA gj dke dkt ds fy,] n`<+ ckrksa esa MVus okys gksaA ca'khjke eqlkfiQj dgsa] ckrksa ij tqVus okys gksaAA xksj/u fcgkjh fy[ksa djkjh] vkdj dkSeh eLrh esa AA6AA t; Hkhe dk ukjk yxk djs] Hkkjr dh cLrh cLrh esaAA

Zu fcgkjh] fy[ks djkjh** dh ppkZ fuokZ.kksijkUr vR;f/d yksxksa ds eqag ij gSA vkius Hkkjr dh fiNM+h in nfyr turk dk mRFkku vusdksa jpukvksa ,oa lkekftd dk;ksZ }kjk fd;kA fcgkjh yky gfjr dh jpukvksa esa [kM+h cksyh dh iqB ehBh vkSj e/qj gSA tks tu fiz; gks xbZ vkSj yksxksa esa tu dfo fcgkjh yky gfjr ds uke ls izfl¼ ikbZA lekt lq/kj tkfr lq/kj jk"Vª ds gsrq xhr bR;kfn cM+h&cM+h lqUnj vkstLoh jpuk,sa dh gSaA tudfo gfjr th egkekU; izfl¼ dfooj ia- c['kh nkl o ia- oa'khjke eqlkfiQj ds f'k"; Fks Hkk"kk Hkko mrstuk vkidh dforkvksa eas vuwBh gSaA bUgha dh f'k"; eaMfy;ksa esa loZ Jh ukRFkwjke rkez eSyh] eku flag ^eku* (fuokZ.k izkIr) Hkh lSu lUrks"k] y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj] cq¼ la?k izseh uRFkw flag ifFkd] MkW- jktiky flag jkt] MkW- dqlqe ^fo;ksxh* deZ'khy Hkkjrh;] ch-Mh- lqtkr] ,u-vkj- lkxj] jkenkl 'kkL=kh] (tljke gjukSfV;k) vkfn izeq[k FksA vEcsMdj oknh fopkj /kjk ls izHkkfor gksdj buds f'k";ksa us nfyr lkfgR; dh ygj mÙkj Hkkjr esa iSnk dhA ftuesa loZ Jh ,u-vkj- lkxj] y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kdj MkWjktiky flag jkt] MkW- dqlqe ^fo;ksxh* tljke gj ukSfV;k ds uke izeq[k gSaA ge lcus 1984 esa Hkkjrh; nfyr lkfgR; eap fnYyh dh LFkkiuk dh vkSj vusdksa nfyr lkfgR; dkjksa us blls viuk tqMk+ o j[kk ckn esa Lo;~ ys[kd us MkW- dqleq fo;ksxh 15 vxLr 1998 esa nfyr ys[kd la?k dh LFkkiuk dh ftlesa vusdksa nfyr lkfgR;dkjksa us esjs fuokl ij ys[kd la?k LFkkiuk dk leFkZu fd;k vkSj vkt fgUnh {ks=kksa esa ^nfyr ys[kd la?k* ds ekè;e ls ,d lkfgfR;d vkUnksyu [kM+k gqvk! vkSj nfyr L=kh foe'kZ dk lkfgR; ikB~;Øeks esa Hkh LFkkfir gqbZA ftldk Js; nfyr lkfgR; dkjksa dks gh tkrk gSA t; Hkhe! ys[kd vEcsMdjoknh fpard ,oa iz[kj nfyr lkfgR;dkj gSaA

^tks vkneh iq#"kkFkZ djrk gS] tks n`<+ fu'p;h gS] tks tkx:d gS ogh èku izkIr djrk gS*


ckcklkgsc dk vfUre lan's k

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ckck lkgsc us vNwrksa dks laxfBr fd;kA muesa Lo&lEeku dh Hkkouk Hkjh vkSj mUgsa ,d lH; tkfr ds :i esa thus vkSj ejus ds fy, liQy ekxZn'kZu fd;kA mueas Lok/hurk dh pkg iSnk dh vkSj tkfyeksa vkSj vU;k;dkjh vR;kpkfj;ksa ds fo:¼ yM+rs jgus dk xq:ea=k fl[kyk;kA

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ch-vkj-lkaiyk

czrkfu;k ds izfl¼ jktuhfrK pfpZy ds lEca/ esa ,d ys[k dh iz'kalk eSaus vius ,d vaxzst fe=k ls dbZ ckj lquhA ;g ys[k nwljs egk;q¼ ls yxHkx iPphl o"kZ igys fy[kk x;k FkkA rc foaLVu pfpZy ,d ;qok jktuhfrK Fkk ml le; ys[kd us mlds Hkfo"; ds ckjs esa fy[kk fd ;g ckr lEHko gS fd pfpZy ,d fnu czrkfu;k dh ijkt; esa ,d nhokj cu dj [kM+k gks tk, vkSj vdsyk gh bfrgkl dh /kjk cny MkysA ml Hkfo";ok.kh djus okys ys[kd dk rks dqN irk ugha gS fd og dkSu Fkk fdUrq ml dh Hkfo";ok.kh v{kj'k% ;FkkFkZ fl¼ gqbAZ ckck lkgsc vkacsMdj ds jktuhfrK thou ds vkjaHk esa vNwrksa ds Hkfo"; ds ckjs esa ,slh gh cM+h ckr dksYgkiqj ds egkjktk 'kkgwth us dgha FkhA 21 ekpZ 1920 dks vNwrksa dh ,d dkaizQsal dks lEcksf/r djrs gq, egkjktk dksYgkiqj us Hkfo";ok.kh djrs gq, ;wa dgk fd ^^vki yksxksa dks MkWDVj vkacsMdj ds :i esa eqfDrnkrk fey x;k gSA eq>s iw.kZ fo'okl gS fd og vki yksxksa dh fpjdky dh xqykeh dh tathjks dks rksM+ nxkA eq>s vkHkkl gks jgk gS fd MkWvkacsMdj Hkkoh Hkkjr esa lw;Z cudj pedsxkA** egkjktk dksYgkiqj dh Hkfo";ok.kh Hkh pfpZy dh mijksDr Hkfo";ok.kh dh rjg lR; fl¼ gqbZA ckck lkgsc us vNwrksa dh fpj&nklrk Lo:i igukbZ xbZ gFkdfM+;ksa vkSj csfM+;ksa dks] vius cqf¼cy vkSj lrr la?k"kZ 'kfDr ls rksM+ iQsdkA

ckck lkgsc ds Hkkjr dh jktuhfr esa izos'k djus ls igys vNwrksa dh gkyr i'kqvksa ls Hkh xbZ chrh FkhA mUgsa Hkkjr esa dkssbZ Hkh vf/dkj izkIr ugha FkkA fgUnw&/eZ us mUgsa twBu [kkus] fpFkM+s iguus] xkao ls ckgj xanh vlqjf{kr ?kkl&iQwl dh >ksifM+;ksa esa jgus] /u nkSyr ls oafpr] f'k{kk ls oftZr] ljdkjh ukSdfj;ksa ls dkslksa nwj vkSj fdlh Hkh izdkj jds lkekftd vkSj jktuhfrd vf/dkjksa ls oafpr jgus ds fy, etcwj dj j[kk FkkA vNwrksa ls tcjh csxkj yh tkrh FkhA mudh cgw&csfV;ksa dh bTtr dks [kqys rkSj ij ywVk tkrk FkkA mu ij izfrfnu <k, tkus okys tqYeksa vkSj vR;kpkjksa dh fxurh ugha FkhA mPp le>h tkus okyh tkfr;ksa dh vkfFkZd n'kk pkgs fdruh Hkh n;uh; D;ksa u gks] fdUrq vNwrksa ij vius cM+Iiu dh /kSal tekuk izR;sd Lo.kZ fgUnw viuk tUefl¼ vf/dkj le>rk FkkA ,slh nhu&ghu n'kk esa fcuk fdlh vU; lk/u vkSj lgk;rk ds ckcklkgsc us yk[kksa vNwrksa ds fnyksa esa ØkfUr dh Hkkouk Hkj nh vkSj mu esa nfjærk vkSj ukuk izdkj dh lk/ughurk gksus ij Hkh vkrrkbZ;ksa vkSj vR;kpkfj;ksa ls eqdkcyk djus dh 'kfDr iSnk dj nhA ckcklkgsc us etgc dh vkM+ esa eDdkjh djus okys /eZ dh /fTt;ka mM+k nh vkSj i.Ms&iqjksfgrksa ls VDdj yhA /u nkSyr ds cycwrs ij jktuhfrd {ks=k esa tu&lk/ kj.k dk ygw ihus okys ukeek=k ds usrkvksa ls eqdkcyk fd;kA czrkfu;k dh ljdkj] ftl ds lkezkT; esa dHkh lw;Z vLr ugha gksrk Fkk] dks vNwrksa ds fy, dqN Hkh HkykbZ u djus ds fy, [kwc vPNh izdkj iQVdkj yxkbZA fgUnqvksa ds lcls cMs+ usrk egkRek xka/hth ls Hkh fHkM+Ur dhA eqlyekuksa ds

*

egku rFkk ,dek=k usrk dk;ns&vkte eqgEen vyh ftUuk ls Hkh nks&nks gkFk fd,A vius le; ds iz/ku eaa=kh if.Mr tokgjyky dh xyr uhfr;ksa dh fuHkhZd vkykspuk dhA dkaxzsl ds nqxZ ij rkcM+&rksM+ vØe.k fd,A lkjs ns'k vkSj jk"Vª ds xkSjo dks dyafdr djus okys czkã.kokn dh fuLlkj vkSj FkksFkh fiQykLiQh dh cf[k;k m/sM+ MkyhA vlekurk vkSj fo"kerk dk ikB i<+kus okys fgUnw xzaFkksa ds rkj&ikSn c[ksj dj j[k fn,A ckck lkgsc us vNwrksa dks laxfBr fd;kA muesa Lo&lEeku dh Hkkouk Hkjh vkSj mUgsa ,d lH; tkfr ds :i esa thus vkSj ejus ds fy, liQy ekxZn'kZu fd;kA mueas Lok/hurk dh pkg iSnk dh vkSj tkfyeksa vkSj vU;k;dkjh vR;kpkfj;ksa ds fo:¼ yM+rs jgus dk xq:ea=k fl[kyk;kA ;g lR; gS fd dkaxzsl ds ikl n{k jktuhfrK] nk'kZfud lSfud vkSj f'k{kk 'kkL=kh FksA blds vfrfjDr fgUnw jktk egkjktk] VkVk] fcjyk] MkfYe;k vkfn /u&dqcsj ekjokM+h lsBksa dh Hkkafr vusd lwn&[kksj] dkyk&cktkjh djus okys / u&ifr;ksa dh frtksfj;ka dkaxzsl dks vkfFkZd lgk;rk nsus ds fy, lnSo [kqyh jgrh FkhaA blls c<+ dj dkaxzsfl;ksa ds ikl xjhcksa dks Hkqykok nsus ds fy, dbZ izdkj ds yqHkkous fdUrq [kks[kys ukjs Hkh Fks tks vcks/ vkSj Hkksyh&Hkkyh turk dks mldh r`f"kr n`f"V ls ns[kus ds fy, ckf/r djrs FksA blh izdkj eqfLye yhx dh ihB ij vaxzsth ljdkj ds izHkko'kkyh mPp inkf/dkjh Fks tks ges'kk pkyckth dk bLrseky djds viuh jktlÙkk dks Hkkjr esa cuk, j[kuk pkgrs FksA Hkkjr ds ,d cM+s lwcs ds vaxzst xouZj us viuh bl eukso`fÙk dk izn'kZu Hkh fd;k Fkk] vkSj f'keyk esa dh ,d dkUizQsal esa ftl esa fgUnw]

^f'k{kk lLrh ls lLrh gks rkfd fuèkZu ls fuèkZu O;fDr Hkh gkfly dj lds*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

17


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 18

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad eqlyeku ,d fcUnq ij lger gks x, Fks] dsoy viuh dwVuhfr ls ekuuh; ftUuk ds dku Hkjds dkUizQsal dh liQyrk dks vliQyrk esa cny fn;k FkkA bl Hkkafr flD[kksa ds vdkyh ny ds fy, Hkh flD[k xq:}kjksa dh xksydksa }kjk yk[kksa :i;ksa dk iQUM ,df=kr FkkA blds vykok flD[k jtokM+s vkSj /uh tehunkj Hkh vdkyh ny dh gj izdkj ls lgk;rk fd;k djrs FksA lsuk vkSj iqfyl esa Hkh flD[kksa dk dkiQh ncnck FkkA nwljh rjiQ ckcklkgsc MkWvkacsMdj vdsys FksA muds }kjk LFkkfir 'ksM;wYM dkLV iQsMjs'ku esa cgqla[;k esa vNwr vui<+ vkSj vR;Ur nfjæ Fks vkSj lkFk gh jktuhfr ls vufHkK vkSj vlaxfBr Hkh FksA muds ikl viuh vkokt cqyUn djus ds fy, u rks dksbZ viuk v[kckj Fkk vkSj u gh muds vkUnksyu dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, dksbZ vkSj fgr&fpUrd lekpkji=k FkkA ckcklkgsc us ,slh n;uh; vkSj lkspuh; n'kk esa lkr djksM+ vNwrksa dh nklrk fuokj.k ds fy, dsoy ek=k vdsys gh la?k"kZ izkjEHk fd;kA vNwrksa ds bl egku~ usrk us gj eqgkt (ekspsZ) ij fgUnqvksa] eqlyekuksa] flD[kksa cfYd vaxzstksa ds fnekx dk vdsys gh eqdkcyk fd;k vkSj dHkh vliQyrk dk eqag ugha ns[kkA ikBdksa ds eu esa ;g iz'u mBuk LokHkkfod gS fd Hkkjr esa fgUnw] eqfLye] bZlkbZ] flD[k /eZ Hkh ekStwn gSaA muds NksM+dj ckcklkgsc us dsoy ckS¼&/eZ gh D;ksa viuk;k vkSj vNwrksa dks Hkh viukus ds fy, mins'k fn;kA bl iz'u ds mÙkj Lo:i fuEu iafDr;ksa esa foLrkjiwoZd cq¼ /eZ dh misn;rk crkbZ xbZ gS fd& ckS¼ /eZ dh D;ksa%& 1- vkt ds vNwr gtkjksa o"kZ igys ckS¼ / eZ ds vuq;k;h Fks vFkkZr vNwrksa dk vkfn&/ eZ ckS¼ /eZ gh gSaA 2- Hkxoku cq¼ izFke egkekuo Fks ftUgksaus lalkj esa izFke iztkra=kkRed i¼fr dh cqfu;kn MkyhA Hkxoku cq¼ ds fHkD[kqla?k dk vk/kj gh iztkrkaf=kd FkkA 3- cq¼ /eZ cgqtu lq[kk,] cgqtu fgrk, vFkkZr vf/d ls vf/d yksxksa ds lq[k vkSj fgrksa ds fy, iz;kljr jgus dh f'k{kk nsrk gSaA 4- cq¼ /eZ ds erkuqlkj nq[k ikideZ ds ihNs ,sls pyrk gS tSls xkM+h [khap jgs cSy ds ihNs xkM+h dk ifg;kA

5- cq¼ /eZ] vkRek&ijekRek] ujd&LoxZ diksy dYiukvksa dks tks euq"; dh lw>&cw> ls fcydqy ijs gSa fo'okl ugha j[krk vkSj u gh diksy dYifr nsoh&nsork vkfn b"V nsoksa dks ekU;rk nsrk gSA 6- cq¼ /eZ nksuksa vfr;ksa (Hkjiwn Hkksx foykl rFkk vR;kf/d dfBu ri'p;kZ) dks R;kx dj eè;e ekxZ ds fl¼kar dks ekurk gSA 7- cq¼ /eZ L=kh&iq:"k esa fdlh izdkj ds vUrj dks u ekudj mUgsa lkekftd lekurk iznku djrk gSaA 8- cq¼ /eZ] ?kksj&riL;k] uke&Lej.k] ea=k&mPpkj.k fpys [khapuk] othiQs i<+uk (ikB djuk) ?k.Vs ?kfM+;ky ctkuk] ykHk dekus dh n`f"V ls efUnjksa esa nsorkvksa dh iwtk vpZuk djuk] ;K djk dj czkã.k iqjksfgrksa ds isV Hkjuk] czkã.kksa dks Jk¼ f[kyk dj ejs firjksa dh vkRek dks r`Ir djuk] iqLrdksa iksfFk;ksa ds lkeus ekFkk jxM+uk vkSj ,sls vkSj Hkh vkMEcjksa vkfn dks djus ls fdlh izdkj ds iq.; ;k ykHk gksuk ugha ekurkA 9- cq¼ /eZ d:.kk] eS=kh] izKk] lerk vkSj izk.kh ek=k dh lsok djuk fl[kykrk gSaA 10- cq¼ /eZ euq";ksa esa tkfr rFkk o.kZ vkfn ds vk/kj ij i{kikr vkSj ikjLifjd HksnHkko ugha ekurkA 11- cq¼ /eZ ,slk lkoZHkkSfed /eZ gSa ftlesa dkys] xksjs] ns'kh&fons'kh dh nqHkkZouk ugha gSa cfYd og rks ekuoek=k dks ,d leku ekurk gSAa 12- cq¼ /eZ ekuo ds eu&efLr"d esa O;fDrxr vkSj lkekftd uSfrdrk iSnk djrk gSA 13- cq¼ /eZ ds fl¼karksa ds vuqlkj ftl O;fDr ds fopkjksa esa] vkpj.k esa] Hkkoukvksa esa] vkadk{kkvksa esa] okrkZyki esa vkSj ikjLifjd O;ogkj esa lE;drk ;k iw.kZrk vk tkrh gS og O;fDr thou&eqDr ;k fuokZ.k in dk vf/ dkjh cu tkrk gSA 14- cq¼ /eZ vius eu dks fu;af=kr djus dk mins'k nsrk gS D;ksafd dsoy eu gh lc vPNkb;ksa vkSj cqjkb;ksa dh tM+ gS bl ij iwjk&iwjk fu;a=k.k j[kuk fl[kkrk gSaA 15- cq¼ /eZ ekuo esa xqIr ikf'od o`fÙk;ksa dks lkfRod vkSj lH;&o`fÙk;ksa esa cnyus dk ikB i<+krk gSA 16- ;g /eZ ekuork dks gh lc ls cM+k /

eZ ekurk gSA 17- ;g /eZ fdlh Hkh O;fDr dks nwljs O;fDr ij v;qDr 'kklu djus ;k mls cyiwoZd nck, j[kus dk fojks/h gS vkSj HkkbZpkjs vkSj lkekftd lerk dk izpkjd gSaA 18- ;g /eZ rdZ vkSj euksfoKku dh dlkSVh ij gh fdlh O;fDr ds fopkjksa ;k fl¼karksa dks ij[k dj [kjk mrjus ij gh Lohdkj djrk gSaA 19- cq¼ /eZ ijkoyEch /eZ ugha gS] og dgrk gS fd rqe viuk nhid Lo;a vki cuks] viuh 'kj.k Lo;a cuksA 20- cq¼ /eZ fujFkZd izFkkvksa] jLeksa&fjoktksa vkSj lkEiznkf;d vkMEcjksa ds tky esa iQals vcks/ euq";ksa dks NqVdkjk fnykrk gSaA 21- cqf¼ /eZ ekuo ek=k dks nq[k dh vfXu ds rki ls cpk dj lq[k&'kkfUr ds mik; crykrk gSaA 22- cq¼ /eZ izR;sd ekuo dks thou ;kiu esa ,d leku lqfo/k,a iznku djrk gSA 23- cq¼ /eZ ekuo ek=k gh ugha] izk.kh ek=k ds fy, izse vkSj n;kHkko cjrus dh f'k{kk nsrk gSA 24- cq¼ /eZ dh tc ifjHkk"kk vkSj iz'kalk dh tkrh gS rks dgk tkrk gS fd& 1- bl /eZ dk lkj Hkxoku cq¼ ds ekè;e ls vPNh izdkj le>k fn;k x;k gSA 2- Hkxoku cq¼ dk /eZ bl lalkj ls lEca/ j[krk gSaA 3- ;g dky dh lhekvksa esa lhfer ugha gSaA 4- ;g /eZ uxn /eZ gS m/kj ugha] vr% dgk tk ldrk gS fd vkvks vkSj bldk Lo;a viuh cqf¼ ls ijh{k.k djds ns[k yksA 5- ;g thou esa eqfDr (fuokZ.k) dh vksj ys tkus okyk gSaA 6- izR;sd cqf¼eku vkSj rRoosÙkk O;fDr bldk Lo;a vuqHko dj ldrk gSaA 25- cq¼ /eZ gh ,d ,slk /eZ gS ftlesa va/ J¼k vkSj Hktu&HkfDr ds fy, dksbZ LFkku ugha gSaA 26- dsoy cq¼ /eZ gh ,d ,slk /eZ gS tks lkE;okn dE;qfuTe ds eqdkcys esa [kM+k gks ldrk gSA 27- cq¼ /eZ gh ,d ,slk /eZ gS tks foKku (lkbal) ds rjktw ij iwjk mrj ldrk gSA 28- cq¼ /eZ gh ,d ,slk /eZ gS ftl dk lalkj Hkj ds euh"kh] nk'kZfud vkSj oSKkfud iz'kalk djrs gSaA

^dksbZ dgrk gS èkeZ igys ns'k ckn esa] dksbZ dgrk gS ns'k igys èkeZ ckn esa] eSa dgrk gwa ns'k gh igys ns'k gh ckn esa*


ekuorkoknh egk;kS¼k dh egku ;k=k @

MkW- foey dhfrZ

Hkxoku cq¼ us dgk gS fd] gj vkneh cq¼k¡dqj gS] c'krsZ fd og viuh izKk] foosd vkSj ekuoh laosnu'khyrk dks txk;s] rks og vkneh ekuork dh mPpre mQapkbZ rd igqap ldrk gSA ckcklkgsc MkW- ch-vkj- vkEcsMdj ,d ,sls cq¼ iq:"k Fks tks ekuork dh mPpre~ mQapk;h rd igqaps FksA mUgksaus Kku] izKk vkSj foosd ds {ks=k esa ,slh fl¼rk gkfly dh Fkh fd ftldk yksgk muds ledkyhuksa us rks vuqHko fd;k gh Fkk ysfdu Hkfo"; dh vufxur lfn;ksa rd dh ihf<+;ka vuqHko djsaxhA ftl izdkj Hkxoku cq¼ dh egkurk dks nqfu;k dk dksbZ Hkh O;fDr de ugha eku ldrk mlh izdkj MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj dh egkurk dks Hkh de ugha eku ldrkA MkW- vkEcsMdj ,d ,sls ekuoh laosnu'khy O;fDr Fks fd os nfyrksa] fiNM+ksa ds elhgk cu x;sA MkW- vkEcsMdj dsoy ;qx iq:"k ugha cfYd ;qxksa&;qxksa rd ds egku iq:"k cu x;s gSaA MkW- vkEcsMdj esa tks ekuoh laosnu'khyrk Fkh mlh us mudks ,d ekuorkoknh egku ;ks¼k cuk;k gSA ml ekuorkoknh egk;kS¼k dh egku ;k=kk] mudh lej xkFkk gh lfn;ksa rd fiNM+s letk dks] nfyr 'kksf"kr lekt dks eqfDr dk lans'k nsrs jgsxh] mudks vius ekuoh vf/dkjksa ds izfr txk;sxh] mudks balkfu;r dk thou thuk fl[kk;sxh] mudks vius vf/dkjksa dks gkfly djus ds fy;s yM+uk fl[kk;sxh blesa dksbZ 'kd ughaA MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj Hkkjrh; lekt O;oLFkk ds ,slh tkfr esa iSnk gq;s Fks ftldks fgUnw lekt O;oLFkk esa dksbZ ekuoh vf/dkj izkIr ugha FksA MkW- vkEcsMdj egkjk"Vª dh egkj tkfr esa iSnk gq;s FksA fgUnw

lekt O;oLFkk esa dsoy egkj tkfr gh vNwr ;k xqyke tkfr ugha Fkh cfYd ,slh gtkjksa tkfr;ka gS ftudks fgUnw lekt O;oLFkk esa xqyke le>k x;k vkSj xqyke j[kk x;kA bu tkfr;ksa dks xqykeh ls eqDr djuk] mudks muds ekuoh vf/dkj okil fnykuk] mudks bUlkfu;r dk thou thuk fl[kkuk ;gh MkWckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj dh thou ;k=kk] ,d egku ;kS¼k dh egku~ ;k=kk gSA vlkekU; ifjokjksa esa iSnk gksdj] mQaps dqyksa esa] mQaph tkfr;ksa esa iSnk gksdj cMIiu dks gkfly djuk] egku cu tkuk rks vke ckr gSA D;ksafd lekt O;oLFkk esa ,sls yksxksa ds fy;s lkjh ckrsa] lkjh fLFkfr;ka vuqdwy gksrh gSa fdUrq vfrlkekU; ifjokj esa iSnk gksdj] ihNs u rks dqy dh egkurk yxh gqbZ gS] u mQaph tkfr] u izLFkkfir oxZ esa iSnk gksus dk volj] tgka pkjksa vksj izfrdqyrk gh gks] tgka dksbZ bUlku le>us ds fy;s gh rS;kj u gks vkSj dsoy O;fDr dks ugha cfYd lkjs lekt dks] ,sls lekt esa iSnk gksdj viuh vksj ,sls lektksa dh eqfDr ds fy;s yM+uk ;g dk;Z lpeqp esa egku gSaA MkW- vkECksMdj ,sls ekuoh vf/dkjksa ls oafpr yksxksa ds vf/dkjksa ds fy;s yM+us okys ,d egku ;kS¼k gSaA MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj dgrs Fks fd] gd ekaxus ls ugha feyrsA cfYd mlds fy;s yM+uk iM+rk gSA mudk viuk futh thou la?k"kZ dk thou gSA mudks Hkkjr dh lekt O;oLFkk eas dne&dne ij ihM+k] vieku] ukbUlkiQh cnkZLr djuh iM+hA blfy;s mudk thou la?k"kZ ,d bfrgkl cu x;kA ;g bfrgkl dsoy mudk ugha cfYd Hkkjr ds nfyrksa] 'kksf"krksa] fiNM+sa lekt ds eqfDr dk] muds la?k"kZ dk bfrgkl gSA MkW- vkEcsMdj ds lkekftd la?k"kZ dh 'kq:vkr gS gS lu~ 1920 ls ^ewduk;d* uke dh if=kdk ds izdk'ku lsA ^ewduk;d* ds

igys vad esa mUgksaus fy[kk Fkk fd] ^gekjs vNwr lekt ij tks vU;k; gks jgk gS vkSj vkxs Hkh tks gksxk mlls NwVdkjk ikus ds fy;s] muds eqfDr ds fy;s] vNwrksa ds mRFkku ds fy;s] muds leL;kvksa dh ppkZ djus ds fy;s v[kckjksa ls c<+dj vkSj dksbZ lk/u ughaA** blh mís'; ls mUgksaus ^ewduk;d* v[kckj 'kq: fd;k FkkA mlds ckn mUgksaus ^cfg"Ñr Hkkjr*] ^lerk*] ^izcq¼Hkkjr*] vkfn v[kckjksa dk le;&le; ij izdk'ku fd;k gSA MkW- vkEcsMdj }kjk lEikfnr] izdkf'kr ;s v[kckj ,d ,sfrgkfld nLrkost cu x;s gSaA ysfdu MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj dk dk;Z v[kckjksa ds lEiknu vkSj izdk'ku rd gh lhfer ugha jgkA os v[kckjksa dks lekt ifjorZu ds fy;s ,d l'kDr gfFk;kj ekurs FksA mUgksaus lcls igys ^ewd uk;d* ds ekè;e ls ^ewd* vFkkZr~ ^xwaxs* yksxksa dk] lektksa dk usr`Ro fd;kA mUgksaus muds fnyksa&fnekx dks txk;kA blds ckn MkW- vkECksMdj us lu~ 1927 ls ^egkM ds lR;kxzg* ls nfyrksa] fiNM+s lektksa ds ekuoh vf/dkjksa ds fy;s ^lerk lej* 'kq: fd;kA egkM ds lej dks Lo;a MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj us ^/eZ lej* dgk gSA ;gha ij mUgksaus 25 fnlEcj 1927 dks ,d fo'kky nfyr oxhZ; ifj"kn esa euqLe`fr dks tyk;k FkkA vkSj mUgksaus viuk ^Ng lw=kh ?kks"k.kki=k* izdkf'kr fd;k Fkk] ftldh rqyuk mUgksaus izQsap dh ØkfUr ls izkIr ewY;ksa ls dh FkhA MkW- vkEcsMdj dk ;g lerk ;q¼ ;gha :dk ughaA mUgksaus ukfld esa ^dkykjke eafnj izos'k* ds lR;kxzg dk usr`Ro fd;kA iquk esa ^ikoZrh eafnj izos'k* ds lR;kxzg gqvkA tgka ls vlekurk ds ewY;ksa dk laLdkj fd;k tkrk gSA ogh ls mUgksaus viuk la?k"kZ 'kq: fd;k] ftldks mUgksaus ^/eZ ;q¼* dgk gSA

^f'k{kk ,oa la?k"kZ ds vHkko esa 'kks"kdksa dk eqdkcyk laHko ugha*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

19


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 20

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad MkW- vkEcsMdj us lu~ 1929 esa lk;eu deh'ku ds lkeus nfyr leku ds jktuhfrd vf/dkjksa dh ekax dh gSA MkW- vkEcsMdj igys vkneh gSa ftUgksaus Hkkjr ds reke nfyrksa rd fiNM+h tkfr;ksa ds jktuSfrd vf/dkjksa dh ckr vaxzstksa ds lkeus j[kh vkSj mUgksaus Hkkjr ds bfrgkl esa nfyrksa ds fiNM+s lektksa ds jktuhfrd egÙo dks c<+k;kA MkWvkEcsMdj lu~ 1930 ls lu~ 1932 rd rhuksa xksyest ifj"knksa esa ,d ltx flikgh dh rjg vkSj ;q¼ Hkwfe ij yM+us okys ;kS¼k dh rjg nfyrksa ds lkekftd] jktuSfrd vkSj vkfFkZd vf/dkjksa ds fy;s yM+rs jgsa] nfyysa is'k djrs gSaA MkW- ckcklkgsc vkEcsMdj Hkkjrh; lekt O;oLFkk ds fgUnw lekt esa O;kIr ekStwnk tkfroknh <kaps dks cnyuk pkgrs FksA os mlesa ØkfUrdkjh ifjorZu pkgrs FksA os fgUnw lekt dh /eZ O;oLFkk esa ifjorZu pkgrs FksA vkSj blds fy;s mUgksaus dkiQh iz;kl Hkh fd;kA mUgksaus nfyrksa&fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks txkus ds fy;s] mudks vius ekuoh vf/dkjksa ds izfr vkxkg djus ds fy;s vyx&vyx lektksa ds lkekftd ifj"knksa dk] lkekftd lEesyuksa dk vkSj lHkkvksa dk vk;kstu djuk] mUgsa lEcksf/r djuk 'kq: fd;kA mUgksaus nfyrksa dks vPNk [kkuk] vPNk jguk] mQaph ls mQaph f'k{kk gkfly djuk] vPNk diM+k iguuk] 'kknh&C;kgksa ij de ls de [kpZ djuk] lkekftd&/kfeZd dqjhfr;ksa dks NksM+uk] 'kjkc fu"ks/ ekuuk vkfn ckrksa dh f'k{kk nhA MkW- vkEcsMdj dh ,slh dksbZ lHkk ugha gksrh Fkh tgka yk[kksa nfyr&fiNM+sa lekt ds HkkbZ&cgu bdV~Bs u gksrs gksa vkSj blh dh otg ls Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa MkW- vkEcsMdj ds egÙo dks dksbZ ?kVk ugha ldkA MkW- vkEcsMdj dh tulHkk;sa cgqr gh egÙoiw.kZ ekuh tkrh FkhA muds O;k[;ku cgqr gh egÙoiw.kZ gksrs FksA blhfy;s nfyr vkSj fiNM+s lekt ds yksxksa ds vykok vU; lekt ds tkudkj yksx Hkh muds O;k[;ku lquus ds fy;s tkrs FksA muds O;k[;kuksa dh vkx vkt Hkh yksxksa ds fnyksa fnekx ij vlj fd;s gq;s gSA muds O;k[;kuksa ds 'kCn] okD; vkt Hkh yksxksa dks ;kn gSA MkW- vkEcsMdj us lu~ 1925 esa ukfld ds ;soyk xkao esa ,d nfyr oxhZ; ifj"kn esa /ekZUrj dh ?kks"k.kk

dh FkhA vkSj bl ifj"kn ds ekè;e ls mUgkssaus Hkkjrh; jktuhfr rFkk /kfeZd&lkekftd fpUru dks u;k vk;ke nsus dk iz;kl fd;kA MkW- vkEcsMdj dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk ;g Fkh fd os viuh vkykspuk ls dHkh Mjrs ugha FksA bl ifj"kn dh ?kks"k.kk ds ckn lkjs ns'k esa mudh tks vkykspuk gqbZ mlls os rfud Hkh ?kcM+k;s ugha] ;k gM+cM+k;s ughaA MkW- vkEcsMdj us lu~ 1936 esa ^Lora=k etnwj i{k* dh LFkkiuk dh vkSj bl jktuhfr ny ds ekè;e ls mUgksaus xkaoksa rFkk 'kgjksa esa jgus okys etnwjksa dks laxfBr djus dk iz;kl fd;kA mUgksaus eqEcbZ] iquk vkfn egkuxjksa ds ehy dkexkjksa dks laxfBr djus dk dke fd;kA buds gdksa ds fy;s mUgksaus cM+s&cMs+ vkanksyu fd;s vkSj mudk usr`Ro fd;kA MkWvkECksMdj us vlaxfBr xkao dkexkjksa dks laxfBr djus ds fy;s mudk ,d laxBu cuk;kA mUgksaus liQkbZ etnwjksa dk laxBu cuk;kA mUgksaus eqEcbZ dh os';kvksa dks laxfBr djds ml is'ks dks R;kx nsus dh Hkkouk muesa txkbZA os';kvksa dks lEcksf/r djrs gq;s MkWvkEcsMdj dgrs gSa fd] ^^viuk ru cny cspdj jksVh vkSj eD[ku [kkus dh ctk; esgur djds] lEeku ls thdj lw[kh jksVh [kkuk yk[k ntsZ vPNk gSA** MkW- vkECksMdj us ^Lora=k etnwj i{k* ds ekè;e ls eqEcbZ fo/ku lHkk esa nfyrksa] fiNM+sa lektksa rFkk fdlkuksa ds fgrksa ds dbZ egÙoiw.kZ dkuwu cuok;sA mUgksaus eqEcbZ fo/ ku lHkk esa ^[ksrh i¼fr* vFkkZr~ tehunkjh ds fo:¼ dkuwu cukok;s vkSj mUgha ds iz;klksa ls lkjs Hkkjr esa egkjk"Vª ,d ,slk izns'k Fkk tgka esgur djs mldh [ksrh* dk fl¼kUr vey esa yk;k x;kA mUgksaus eqEcbZ fo/ku lHkk esa ^egkj oru fojks/h fcy* vFkkZr~ egkjksa dks tkfr vk/kj ij tks iSr`d vf/dkj Fks mlds fojks/ esa dkuwu cuok;kA mudk ;g lksp Fkk fd tkfr vk/kj ;k iSr`d /a/ksa ls nfyrksa dk mRFkku ugha gksxk cfYd mudh nklrk cjdjkj jgsxh] mudks iSr`d /a/ksa dh nklrk dh gh f'k{kk feysxhA blfy;s mUgksaus bldk fojks/ fd;k FkkA MkW- vkEcsMdj us nfyrksa rFkk fiNM+s lektksa esa f'k{kk ds izlkj ds egÙo dks tkuk vkSj mUgksaus ^fiiYl ,T;wds'ku lkslk;Vh* dh LFkkiuk dhA bl laLFkk ds ekè;e ls mUgksaus eqEcbZ] vkSjaxkckn vkfn 'kgjksa esa fo|ky;]

egkfo|ky; 'kq: fd;sA os nfyrksa dks gj rjg dh vksj mQaph ls mQaph rFkk vPNh f'k{kk lqfo/k iznku djuk pkgrs FksA ;gka mUgksaus gj dkWyst ds lkFk Nk=kkokl Hkh [kksys] cf<+;ka xzaFkky;ksa ds Hkou Hkh cuk;sA MkW- vkEcsMdj Lo;a bu f'k{kk laLFkkvksa dh vksj cM+k vkSj fo'ks"k è;ku nsrs FksA MkW- vkECksMdj tc fczfV'k dkSfly esa ^Jeea=kh* Fks ml le; mUgksaus [kku dkexkjksa ds fgrksa ds dkuwu cuok;sA mUgksaus efgyk dkexkjksa dk fo'ks"k NwV rFkk lgwfy;rsa nsus dh O;oLFkk dhA muds iz;klksa ls 16 ?k.Vsa ds dke ds ctk; etnwjksa ds dke ds ?k.Vsa 10 gq;sA mUgksaus gh igyh ckj ca/qvka etnwjksa dh leL;k lqy>kus dk iz;kl fd;kA mUgksaus gh igyh ckj ^cky dkexkj O;oLFkk* dk fojks/ fd;kA mUgha dh otg ls efgyk dkexkjksa dks izloiwoZ vkSj izlo ds ckn nks&nks ekg dh losru jtk eatwj dh x;h FkhA MkW- vkEcsMdj us Lora=k Hkkjr ds lafo/ku fuekZ.k dh ftEesnkjh dks Lohdkj fd;k vkSj ml lafo/ku esa nfyrksa] fiNM+h tkfr;ksa ds vf/dkjksa dks laoS/kfudrk nsus dk mUgksaus iwjk iz;kl fd;kA MkW- vkEcsMdj viuh dM+h esgur ls] vius fo'kky Kku ls] nqcZyksa ds izfr laosn'khyrk ls Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds izeq[k f'kYih cus] Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds jpukdkj cusA MkW- vkEcsMdj us le;&le; ij vaxzstksa dks nfyrksa ds ekuoh vf/dkjksa dh j{kk djus ds lq>ko fn;sA mUgksaus lu~ 1942 esa lkjs ns'k ds nfyrksa dks fiNM+ksa dks laxfBr djus ds fy;s ^nfyr oxhZ; ifj"kn* dh LFkkiuk dh Fkh bl ifj"kn us nfyrksa ds vf/dkjksa ds j{k.k ds fy;s lafo/ku lHkk dks tks fuosnu fn;k Fkk og ^jkT; vkSj vYila[; lekt* ds uke ls izfl¼ gSA MkW- vkEcsMdj us u tkus fdruh tulHkkvksa dks lEcksf/r fd;k gksxkA mudh lHkh tulHkkvksa dh fxurh gekjs ikl ugha gSaA ysfdu xzUFkksa ds ekè;e ls mUgksaus tks fojklr ekuork ds uke ij NksM+h gS og vkt gekjs ikl gSA ftUgksaus MkW- vkEcsMdj dks ns[kk gS] lwuk gS muds fnyks&fnekx esa ckck lkgsc vkt Hkh ftUnk gSaA eqnkZ fnYkksa&fnekx esa tku Mkyuk ;gh bl egku ;kS¼k dh egku ;k=kk FkhA nqfu;k mUgsa ;qxksa rd ;kn djsxhA D;ksafd os vkus okys gj ;qx ds uk;d gSaA egkuk;d gSaA

^rqEgsa Lo;a viuh nklrk dk var djuk pkfg, mldk mUewyu djus ds fy, bZ'oj ij vkfJr er gks*


lkr iQsjksa dk jgL;!

@

vk'kkjke xkSre

fookg laLdkjksa esa lIrinh (lkr iQsjksa) dh vfuok;Z izFkk dk izpyu cgqtu lekt ds fy, fgrdj gS ;k vfgrdjA bl ij fparu t:jh gSA blds vkSfpR; ;k vukSfpR; ij fopkj djus ds fy, dqN ekinaMksa ij fparu djuk gksxkA 1- lIrinh D;k gS] ;g dc vkSj D;ksa izkjaHk gqbZ\ 2- ;g cgqtu lekt ds fy, t:jh gS ;k ugha\ 3- blds izopuksa ls czkã.kks@a iqjksfgrksa dh egÙkk c<+rh gS ;k ugha\ 4- blesa vc fo'okl vkSj dqjhfr;ksa dk iks"k.k gksrk gS ;k ugha\ 5- blds izpyu ls cgqtu lekt ij nwjxkeh izHkko vPNs gksaxs ;k cqjs\ bl ij fofHkUu fo}kuksa us fopkj foe'kZ dj tks fu"d"kZ fudkyk mldk lkj uhps fn;k tk jgk gSA fo}kuksa us izFke fcUnq ij crk;k fd ckcklkgsc vEcsMdj ds okY;we ^jkbfVaXl ,.M Lihpsl* ds vè;k; 3] 6 o 8 rFkk okY;we pkj dh igsyh u- 23 esa lIrinh ds ckjs esa foLr`r tkudkjh nsrs gq, ckcklkgsc MkW- vacMs dj us crk;k gS fd vk;ksZa dk ,d ,slk oxZ Fkk tks in vkSj ijkØe esa Js"B ekuk tkrk FkkA bl oxZ dks nso oxZ dgk tkrk FkkA nsoksa dh ;g fcjknjh 'kfDr'kkyh ,oa vR;Ur O;kfHkpkjh FkhA os brus O;kfHkpkjh Fks fd os ½f"k;ksa dh ifRu;ksa rd dh bTtr ywVus ls ckt ugha vkrs FksA ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd cgqr igys ls gh nsoksa us ,d vyx fcjknh ds :i esa vk;Z leqnk; ds Åij viuk izHkqRo LFkkfir dj fy;k FkkA bl izHkqRo dk Lo:i bruk fod`r gks pqdk Fkk fd vk;Z fL=k;ka nsoksa dh dke okluk dh r`fIr gsrq os';ko`fÙk rd viukus ds fy, foo'k FkhaA vk;Z iq:"k bl ckr esa viuk xoZ eglwl djrs Fks fd mudh ifRu;ka fdlh nso dh j[kSy cudj jgsa vksj mlls xHkZ /kj.k djsaA egkHkkjr vkSj gfj iqjk.k esa

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

21

^

fgUnw lkekftd O;oLFkk esa fofHkUu laLdkjksa esa ls ,d fookg laLdkj gSA fookg laLdkj esa Hkh lIrinh vFkkZr lkr iQsjksa ds gq, cxSj fookg lEiUu ugha ekuk tkrkA vkt ;g jLe fookg ds ekeys esa vfuok;Z lk cu x;k gSA vkf[kj lkr iQsjksa ds ihNs D;k jgL; gS\ fgUnw 'kkL=kksa esa blds ihNs D;k rdZ o dgkfu;ka gSa\ bUgha ckrksa dks js[kkafdr djrk gqvk ;g ys[k izLrqr gSA bldk ftØ cgqr ckj vk;k gSA dqN dkykUrj ckn nsoksa us vk;ksaZ ls nks oj cyiwod Z gkfly dj fy;sA igyk oj Fkk ;K tks fu;r dkfyd nkorksa dk uke Fkk tks vk;kZas }kjk nsoksa dks jk{klksa] nSR;ksa vkSj nkuoksa ls vk;ksZa dks lqj{kk iznku djus ds cnys esa fn;k tkrk FkkA nwljk oj Fkk viuh dke fiiklk dh r`fIr ds fy, vk;Z fL=k;ksa dk HkksxukA mls izkjfEHkd dky ls gh lqO;ofLFkr :i ns fn;k x;k Fkk] ftldk mYys[k ½Xosn ds lw=k 25 rFkk ea=k 40 esa fn;k x;k gSA blds vuqlkj izR;sd vk;Z L=kh ij igyk vf/dkj

*

lkse dk] nwljk xa/oZ dk] rhljk vfXu dk vkSj lcls var esa vk;Z iq:"k dk gksrk FkkA izR;sd vk;Z L=kh fdlh u fdlh nso ds ikl ca/d j[kh gksrh FkhA ftlds jtksLoyk gksus ij igys Hkksxus dk vf/ dkj ml nso dk gksrk Fkk ftlds ikl og ca/d gksrh FkhA ,slh L=kh ds fy, fdlh vk;Z iq:"k ls fookg gksus ls iwoZ ;g furkar vko';d gksrk Fkk fd mls ml nsork ds vf/dkj ls eqDr fd;k tk;A ;g rHkh laHko gksrk Fkk tc mls nsork dks mi;qDr Hkqxrku fd;k tk,A blds fy, nku Lo:i

^rqEgsa liQyrk izkIr djus ds fy, lnSo lkoèkku] n`<+ lqf'kf{kr rFkk fut lEekuh gksuk pkfg,*


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 22

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad nsoksa dks ?kh vkSj Hkqus puksa ls viZ.k djuk iM+rk FkkA bl viZ.k dks vonku dgk tkrk FkkA vonku iw.kZ gksus ij oj&o/q lkFk&lkFk vfXu dh iznf{k.kk djus ds ckn lkr in (ix) pyrs Fks] ftls lIrinh dgk tkrk FkkA bl lIrinh ds ckn gh oj&o/q dk fookg iw.kZ :is.k oS/ vkSj [kjk ekuk tkrk FkkA lIrinh gh og dlkSVh Fkh ftlds }kjk ;g ekuk tk ldrk Fkk fd og nso ftls o/ q ds lkFk iwoZ laHkksx dk vf/dkj Fkk] vonku ls larq"V gS ;k ugha vFkkZr og o/ q dks ftl ij mldk vf/dkj gS] eqDr djus dks rS;kj gS ;k ughaA ;fn og oj dks lIrinh }kjk fu/kZfjr nwjh rd o/q dks vius lkFk ys tkus dh vuqefr ns nsrk Fkk rks ;g /kj.kk ekuh tkrh Fkh fd nso izkIr eqvkotk (gtkZuk) ls lar"q V gSa vkSj o/q ij ekStwnk vf/dkj lekIr gks pqdk gS vkSj dU;k fdlh vU; dh iRuh cuus ds fy, Lora=k gSA ;fn nso eqvkotk ls vlar"q V gksrs Fks rks os lkrosa dne ls igys o/q ij viuk vf/dkj tek ldrs FksA lkroka dne ysus ds ckn nsoksa dk vf/dkj lekIr gks tkrk Fkk vkSj oj&o/q dks ys tkdj nksuksa ifr&ifRu dh rjg jg ldrs FksA lIrinh dk mlds vykok vkSj dksbZ vFkZ ugha gSA le; O;rhr gksus ds lkFk&lkFk lkekftd vf/dkjksa esa lq/kj vk;k vkSj lIrinh dh vko';drk nsoksa ds vf/dkj ls dU;k dks eqDr djus dh ugha cfYd lekt dh fliQZ lM+h&xyh vkSj dsoy :<+hxr rkSj ij jhfr&fjoktksa dh yhd ihVus Hkj jg xbZ] ftls yksx vkt Hkh lkr iQsjksa ds :i esa yhd ij yhd ihVrs pys vk jgs gSa tks fd ekufld xqykeh ds vykok vkSj dqN Hkh ugha gSA f}rh; fcUnq ij fopkjd fo}kuksa us crk;k fd lIrinh (lkr iQsjksa dh izFkk) vko';d ugha gS cgqtu lekt ds eu esa ;g fujFkZd /kj.kk cu xbZ gS fd fcuk lIrinh ds fookg fof/ laxr ugha gks ldrk vFkkZr fookg rHkh iw.kZ vkSj oS/ ekuk tkosxk tc fookg LFky (e.Mi) ij oj&o/q lkr iQsjs ys ysaA ysfdu lPpkbZ ;g ugha gSA yksx vKkurko'k ;g lksp gh ugha ikrs fd ;fn

fookg fcuk lIrinh ds oS/ ugha gksrk rks fiQj eqfLye fookgksa esa fudkg ugha i<+k tkrk] lkr iQsjs iM+rsA bZlkb;ksa ds fookgksa esa Hkh lkr iQsjs iM+rsA cqf¼"Vksa esa Hkh lkr iQsjs iM+rs ysfdu ,slk ugha gSA bruk gh ugha ,sls cgqr ls leqnk; o tkfr;ka gSa ftudh 'kkfn;ksa esa iQsjs ugha iM+rsA ;g fliQZ cgqtu lekt dh voSKkfud vkSj vuqfpr /kj.kk ds dkj.k mUgsa ;g vko';d izrhr gksrk gSA r`rh; fcUnq ij fopkj djrs gq, crk;k fd fookg esa lIrinh dks vfuok;Z ekuus dk eryc gS izR;{k vkSj vizR;{k :i ls czkã.kksa vkSj iqjksfgrksa dh egRork dks c<+kok

nsukA mnkgj.k ds fy, fookg dk fu/kZj.k (lxkbZ) dk fnu fnukad if.Mr r; djsxkA ihyh fpV~Bh (fookg dh fu/kZfjr frfFk fnukad dk lans'k i=k) Hkh czkã.k fy[ksxkA fookg LFky (e.Mi) esa fookg dks lEiUu Hkh czkã.k gh djk,xkA czkã.k pkgs nks] pkj Dykl gh D;ksa u i<+k gks] mez esa pkgs ftruk Hkh NksVk D;ksa u gksA liQkbZ vkSj vkpj.k esa ifj'kq¼ gks ;k u gks] lIrinh fookgksa esa mldh egÙkk bruh c<+ tkrh gS fd ,d lkB o"kZ dk mPp f'k{kk izkIr O;fDr Hkh vius cPpksa dh 'kkfn;ksa dks lEiUu djkus okys vYivk;q vkS j

ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj ds okY;we ^jkbfVax ,.M Lihpsl* esa lIrinh ds ckjs esa crk;k x;k gS fd vk;ksZa ds chp nso uked ,d fcjknjh 'kfDr'kkyh ,oa vR;ar O;fHkpkjh FkhA vk;Z iq:"k Hkh bl ckr dk xoZ eglwl djrs Fks fd mudh ifRu;ka fdlh nso dh j[kSy cudj muls xHkZ /kj.k djs a A egkHkkjr vkS j gfjiqjk.k esa Hkh bldk ftØ cgqr ckj vk;k gSA ckn esa nsoksa us Hkh vk;ksZa ls nks le>kSrs cyiwoZd fd,A igyk le>kSrk ;K dk Fkk ftlesa fu;r le; ij vk;ksZa }kjk nsoksa dks jk{klksa] nSR;ksa vkSj nkuoksa ls vk;ksZa dks lqj{kk iznku djus ds cnys esa fn;k tkrk FkkA nwljk le>kSrk viuh dke okluk dh r`fIr ds fy, mudh vk;Z fL=k;ksa dks Hkksxuk FkkA blds vuqlkj izR;sd vk;Z L=kh ij igyk vf/dkj Øe'k% lkse] xa/oZ] vfXu fiQj var esa vk;Z iq:"k dk gksrk FkkA ,slh L=kh ds fy, fdlh vk;Z iq:"k ls fookg gksus ls iwoZ ;g t:jh Fkk fd mls nsork ds vf/dkj ls eqDr fd;k tk,A blds fy, nku Lo:i mUgsa (vk;ksZa) nsoksa dks ?kh vkSj Hkqus puksa ls viZ.k djuk iM+rk FkkA bl vonku ;k viZ.k ds ckn gh fiQj oj&o/w vfXu dh lkr iznf{k.kk djrs Fks] ftls lIrinh ;k lkr iQsjksa dk uke fn;k x;k gSA blh ds ckn gh fookg iw.kZ ekuk tkrk FkkA fookg ds ckn nso fiQj bu fL=k;ksa ds lkFk O;fHkpkj ugha dj ldrs FksA

^nklrk ls eqfDr jktuhfrd 'kfDr;ksa esa varfuZfgr gS*


vYif'kf{kr if.Mr&iqjksfgr ds iSj Nwrk gS] Hkkstu f[kykrk gS vkSj nku Lo:i HksaV nsrk gSA cgqtu lekt ds yksx ;g lc if.Mrksa ls ;g le> dj djkrs gSa fd czkã.k dqy esa tUek czkã.kksa dks gh ;g lc djus dk vf/dkj gS rFkk fookg dh iw.kZrk vkSj ifo=krk Hkh rHkh gS] tc fdlh czkã.k iq=k ls bl dk;Z dks lEiUu djk;k tk,A tcfd ;g /kj.kk loZFkk vlR; gS vkSj vuqfpr HkhA prqFkZ fcUnq ij fopkjdksa us crk;k fd lIrinh izFkk ds dkj.k fookg tSls ifo=k laLdkj esa va/fo'okl vkSj dqjhfr;ksa dk izos'k gks tkrk gSA cgqtu lekt blds dkj.k va/fo'okl vkSj dqjhfr;ksa esa ,slk tdM+k gqvk gS fd vkt ds oSKkfud ;qx esa Hkh og ladh.kZ ekufldrk ls ugha mcj ik jgk gSA og va/fo'okl ds dkj.k gh ;g ekurk gS fd czkã.k ifo=k vkSj iwT; gS blhfy, fookg la c /h lHkh dk;Z czkã.k&if.Mr ls gh djkrk gSA og ;g ekurk gS fd czkã.k }kjk lq>k, vkSj lEiUu djk, fookg ls oj&o/q lqjf{kr jgsxa ]s Hkkoh vkinkvksa vkSj d"Vksa ls nwj jgsaxs ysfdu og ;g Hkwy tkrk gS fd czkã.k ifjokjksa esa gh fo/ok efgykvksa dh la[;k lcls vf/d ikbZ tkrh gSA lIrinh fookgksa esa x.ks'k dh cgqr ekU;rk gksrh gSA og 'kqHk] eaxydkjh vkSj dY;k.kdkjh ekuk tkrk gSA mlds fp=kksa dks fuea=k.k i=kksa ij Niok;k tkrk gSA blds fp=kksa dks pkoy&gYnh&dqedqe ls iwtk tkrk gSA ;g fdruh xyr /kj.kk gSA x.ks'k Lo;a 'kadj dk ,d vlkekU; cPpk FkkA mlds ukd] dku o isV cM+s FksA Vkaxs iryh vkSj detksj FkhaA og Bhd ls py Hkh ugha ldrk FkkA pwgs dh rjg jsaxrk FkkA ,slk cPpk tc Lo;a dk Hkyk ugha dj ldrk rks nwljksa dk D;k dY;k.k djsxkA lIrinh fookg esa jke vkSj y{E.k iQksVks fp=kksa dks ckjkr esa izn'kZu gsrq ysdj pyrs gSaA efgyk, muds efgek xhr xkrh gSaA ;g ekuk tkrk gS fd muds dkj.k fookg liQy gksxk vkSj oj&o/w dk lq[kh

thou chrsxkA ;g fdruh cM+h foMEcuk gS fd tc mudh Lo;a dh 'kkfn;ka liQy ugha jgha] rks muds izHkko ls nwljksa dh 'kkfn;ka dSls liQy gksaxh\ mudh ifRu;ka thou Hkj d"V Hkksxrh jghaA jke&y{e.k 14 o"kZ taxy esa HkVdrs jgsA lhrk dks lkjh ftUnxh dHkh taxy es]a dHkh jko.k dh v'kksd okfVdk esa rks dHkh okYehfd dh dqfV;k esa jg dj fcrkuh iM+h vkSj var esa jke ds Hkjs njckj esa ekufld d"V ds dkj.k 'kjhj R;kxuk iM+kA cspkjh mfeZyk dk 'kknh ds dqN gh fnuksa ckn mldk ifr y{e.k mls NksM+dj vius HkkbZ jke ds lkFk ouokl pyk x;kA mls ifr ds fcuk gh vdsys ?kj ij 14 o"kZ fcrkus iM+sA ysfdu cgqtu lekt ds yksx gSa fd le>rs gh ughaA mUgsa bruk Hkh cks/ ugha gksrk fd ftudh [kqn dh ftUnxh lq[kn ugha jgh gks os nwljksa dh ftUnxh dks D;k lq[knk;h cuk ldsaxsA bruk gh ugha ,slh 'kkfn;ksa esa vkSj Hkh vusdksa dqjhfr;ksa dks Hkh latks, pys vk jgs gSaA o/q i{k ds ifjokj o eksgYys okys rFkk lxs& lac/a h os pkgs lkB&lÙkj o"kZ ds cqtxq Z D;ksa u gksa] oj&o/q ds iSj iwtrs gSa tcfd iSj iwtus dk ;gka dksbZ t:jr gh ugha gSA lEeku vkSj vknj esa cM+ksa ds iSj vo'; Nq, tkrs gSaA ;fn fookg esa ,slk vko';d le>rs gSa rks oj&o/w dks vius ls cM+s vius ekrk&firk o lkl&llqj ds iSj Nwdj vk'khZokn ysuk pkfg,A lIrinh okys fookg esa lkr iQsjksa ds ckn yM+dh dks nku Lo:i oj i{k dks lkSia fn;k tkrk gSA mlds ckn ml ij eka&cki dks dksbZ vf/dkj ugha jgrkA mldks ,sls nku ns fn;k tkrk gS tSls fd og yM+dh u gksdj dksbZ oLrq gksA blh dqjhfr dk ykHk yM+dh ds llqjky okys mBkrs gSaA vk, fnu yM+fd;ksa (o/qvks)a ij rjg&rjg ds vR;kpkj djrs gSa ;gka rd fd dHkh&dHkh rks mudks tykdj ekj Hkh Mkyrs gSaA lIrinh fookg esa ;g Hkh ,d vuqfpr dqjhfr gs fd yM+dh&yM+dksa dks ikyrs&i<+krs eka&cki gSa] ysfdu os viuh lqfo/kuqlkj 'kknh ugha dj ldrsA bldk vf/dkj

czkã.k&if.Mrksa dks gSA ;s tc pkgs] tSls pkgs 'kkfn;ka djk,a D;ksfa d og 'kknh ds fy, fnu&fnukad&eqgwrZ fuf'pr djrs gSaA os gh lHkh laLdkfjd dk;Z lEiUu djkrs gSa tcfd ;g vf/dkj fliQZ eka&cki o ifjokj okyksa dks gksuk pkfg,A tSls pkgs viuh lqfo/ kuqlkj 'kkfn;ka djsAa D;ksfa d Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds jpukdkj cksf/lRo ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vacsMdj us 14 vDVwcj 1956 dks yxHkx ikap yk[k cgqtuksa ds lkFk ukxiqj dh nh{kk Hkw f e es a jk"Vª h ; ,drk] v[k.Mrk] LokfHkeku&lEeku vius 'kknh laLdkj ,oa Lora=k igpku gsrq J¼s; fHkD[kq panzef.k ls cq¼ /eZ dh nh{kk ysdj] ns'k dks iqu% ekuorkoknh fo'oO;kih cq¼ /eZ dks Hkkjr esa iquthZfor fd;kA var esa ckS¼ fo}kuksa dk er gS fd lIrinh ds izpyu ls cgqtu lekt ij nwjxkeh izHkko cqjs ,oa ?kkrd gksaxs D;ksafd ckcklkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj cgqtu lekt dks o.kZfoghu vkSj tkfrfoghu lekt cukuk pkgrs FksA blfy, Hkkjr dh izkphu laLd`fr ij vk/kfjr Hkxoku cq¼ ds ekxZ dks pquk ftlls cgqtu lekt ds yksx czkã.kh tky ds paxqy ls fudy dj Lora=k o lq[kh thou th ldsaA fdUrq tc rd cgqtu lekt ds yksx lIrinh izFkk dks R;kxsaxs ugha] rc rd os czkã.kksa ds paxqy ls ugha fudy ik,axsA ges'kk va/fo'okl vkSj vKkurk ds va/dkj esa HkVdrs jgsaxsA os Lora=k oSKkfud vkSj yksdrkaf=kd lksp iSnk ugha dj ldsaxsA mUgsa foo'k gksdj tUe ls ysdj e`R;q rd czkã.k dks iwNuk ,oa iwtuk iM+sxkA lEiw.kZ cgqtu lekt lM+h&xyh dqjhfr;ksa] va/ fo'okl vkSj >wBh ekU;rkvksa esa iQalk jgsxkA ftldk ykHk czkã.k oxZ ges'kk mBkrk jgsxkA czkã.kokn vizR;{k :i ls cgqtu lekt dk 'kks"k.k djrk jgsxk vkSj f'kf{kr gksdj Hkh cgqtu lekt ekufld :i ls xqyke cuk jgsxkA &ys[kd vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd vf/ dkj vkUnksyu ds dsUnzh; la;kstd gS] ,oa ckS¼ fpUrd gSA] lEidZ% 09899853744

^eSa fgUnw èkeZ esa iSnk gqvk gwa] ;g esjs o'k dh ckr ugha Fkh] ysfdu vc eSa fgUnw jgdj e:axk ugha] ;g esjs o'k dh ckr gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

23


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 24

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

lÙkk eksg esa fc[kjrk nfyr lekt

@ vfuy

dqekj oklfud

Hkkjr jRu cksf/lRo] MkW- ckck lkgsc vEcsMdj 25 vizSy 1948 dks y[kuÅ esa Hkk"k.k nsrs gq, dgk Fkk] ^jktuSfrd 'kfDr gh lokZaxh.k fodkl dh pkHkh gS* blfy, mUgksaus nfyrksa dks jktuSfrd 'kfDr dks gfFk;kus ds fy, izsfjr fd;k FkkA nfyrksa dks jktuSfrd lÙkk ds ekè;e ls lkekftd ifjorZu ykus dh lh[k ckck lkgsc us nh FkhA fdUrq muds egkifjfuokZ.k ds i'pkr vkRefuHkZj nfyr jktuhfr dk vdky gks x;kA lkekftd vkUnksyu Hkh {kh.k gksrk x;kA nfyrksa ds fy, iznÙk turkaf=kd vf/dkjksa ds fy, la?k"kZ dks vkStkj cukus dh txg ^jktuSfrd 'kfDr* izkIr djus dks gh y{; le>k x;kA blh lksp ds iQyLo:i lÙkk ds eksg esa nfyr lkekt fc[kjrk x;kA ;g fc[kjko vkt pje ij igqap pqdk gSA vkRelEeku vkSj vfLerk ds iz'uksa dks utj vankt dj pqukoh jktuhfr vksj fuHkZ; tksM+&rksM+ ds tfj;s fliQZ ^pkfHk;ksa dh pkHkh* dh fLFkrh ryk'kus gj dksbZ ussrk ls ysdj dk;ZdrkZ O;Lr gS] ysfdu lekt gkf'k,¡ ij gSA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj dh fopkj/kjk dks izek.k ekuus dk nkok djus okyh jktuSfrd ikfVZ;ka vkSj muds usrk oksV ds fy, ernkrkvksa dk dsoy bLrseky djrs fn[krs gSA lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd lEiUu vf/dkj dh ckrsa [kwc dh tkrh gS] fdUrq lÙkk gkkfly gksrs gh lekt dks Hkwyk fn;k tkrk gSA jktuhfr esa lkekU; turk dk vkt u dksbZ LFkku gS vkSj u gh Hkwfedk nfyr lekt esa jktuSfrd tkx`rh rks cuh gS] ysfdu lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd fiNM+kiu dk;e gSA fo"kerk ds f[kykiQ vkUnksyu lekt Hkwy pqdk gSA

ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us tkfr foghu] oxZfoghu lekt dh LFkkiuk ij tksj fn;k FkkA mudk Li"V ekuuk Fkk] tkfr vkSj oxZ foghu lekt dk Lohdkj gh nfyrksa dks lkekftd vkSj jktuSfrd Lrj ij lgk;rk igqapk ldrk gSA ij lekt ds usrkvksa us MkW- vEcsMdj ds bl dFku dks vuns[kk fd;kA nfyr jktuhfr esa rsth ls vkilh la?k"kZ vkSj LokFkZ c<+k gS mlls lekt dk vfgr rks gqvk gS] lkFk gh MkW- vEcsMdj ds lerk vkSj lekurk ds ewy f'k{kk dh /fTt;k mM+k nh gSA nfyr lekt ds fgr ds uke ij jktuhfrd jksfV;ka lsdus okys usrk nfyrksa dh leL;k ls vufHkK gSA ns'k esa vusd jkT;ksa esa nfyr ifjokj vf'k{kk] 'kks"k.k] vieku vkSj lkekftd fo"kerk dh pDdh esa fildj viuk lc dqN [kkd djus ij etcwj gSA vf/dkj] Lora=krk] lekurk] U;k; ls os vkt Hkh oafpr gSA mPp oxksZa dk utfj;k vkt Hkh nfyrksa ds izfr Bhd oSlk gh gS tSlk lfn;ksa igys FkkA nfyr 'kks"k.k ;k mRihM+u dh ?kVuk;sa vkt Hkh ?kVrh gSA nfyr lekt dh uqekbUnxh djus okyh ikVhZ ds 'kklu dky esa Hkh nfyr mRihM+u dh ?kVuk,a ?kVh gSA nfyr lekt ds usrk nfyr jktuhfr dks ftl fn'kk esa ys tkuk pkgrs gS] mles lekurk] cU/qRo] lekt mUufr dh Hkkouk de] vius LokFkZ T;knk gSA MkW- vEcsMdj ^lekt tksM+ks* ds i{k/j FksA ysfdu lekt ds usrkvksa us vius jktuSfrd LokFkZ ds fy, lekt tksM+us dk dke djus ds ctk;] lekt rksM+us dk dke vf/d fd;k gSA blh lÙkk eksg esa nfyr lekt iwjh rjg ls fc[kjrk tk jgk gSA MkW- vEcsMdj us nfyr jktuhfr dk igyk drZO; vius lekt ds yksxksa dk fgr lk/uk

gh crk;k FkkA ;gka fgr rks nwj] jktuSfrd vfLrRo gh [krjs esa gSA ckck lkgsc us nfyr jktuhfr dk tks Lo:i fu/kZfjr fd;k Fkk mlesa mudk dguk Fkk] ^nfyr oxksZa ds yksx vius lkekftd&vkfFkZd vkSj jktuhfrd mRFkku ds fy, rFkkdfFkr lo.kksZa dh n;k Hkkouk ij fuHkZj u jgdj Lo;a la?k"kZ dj Lokoyach] LokfHkekuh vkSj vkRefuHkZj cuus dk iz;kl djsaA fdUrq nfyr lekt ds usrkvksa us ckck lkgsc dk dFku vkSj la?k"kZ gkf'k;s ij Mky fn;kA MkW- vEcsMdj us jktuhfr esa nfyrksa dh leku Hkkxhnkjh dks egRo fn;k FkkA nfyr usrk dsoy lÙkk ikus ds fy, muds fopkjksa dh frykatyh nsus ij veknk jgsa usrkvkssa us tc ls xBca/u dh jktuhfr izkjEHk dh] rc ls vke turk ds le{k ;g leL;k lcls cM+h leL;k cudj [kM+h gqbZ fd oks fdls Lohdkjs vkSj fdls NksM+ nsA bldk nq"ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd nfyr viuks ds chp ls gh vusd [kseksa esa cVrs pys x;sA ,d ny ds vusd NksVs&NksVs ny curs x;s vkSj mlh fglkc ls ,d&nwljs ds fgr vkSj LokFkZ r; gksus yxsA bl fc[kjko us lkekftd ,drk dks rkj&rkj dj fn;k gSA vkt jktuSfrd LokFkZ us lekt dks bl dnj HkVdk fn;k gS fd vkus okys lkyksa rd dksbZ lkFkdZ fn'kk feysxh fd ugha] dguk eqf'dy gSA nfyr jktuhfr vkt ml eqdke ij [kM+h gS tgka fliQZ HkVdko vkSj HkVdko gh fn[krk gSA nfyrksa ds fgr laj{k.k ds uke ij fliQZ oksV&cSad dh jktuhfr pkyw gSA nfyr ikVhZ;ksa ds lkFk lHkh jk"Vªh; ikVhZ;ka MkW- vEcsMdj dk iQksVks yxkdj lekt dks vkdf"kZr djrh gS vkSj lÙkk ikus ds ckn nfyrksa dks Hkwy tkrh gSA nfyr jktuhfr fn'kkghu gSA voljoknh usrk nfyr vfLerk ds uke ij Hkkoukvksa dks nksgu djrs gSaA lekt dk ;g lcls cM+k nqHkkZX; dgk tk;sxk fd] vc vkUnksyu ugha gksr]s lekt dh leL;kvksa ij ekpZ ugha fudyrsA /kfeZd dk;ZØe Hkh jktuhfrd usrkvksa }kjk izk;ksftr gksrs gSA grk'k vksj fnXHkzfer fLFkfr esa lekt igaqp pqdk gSA vkn'kZfoghu vkSj O;fDroknh jktuhfr us lekt dks fn'kkghu fd;k gS] fdUrq blls futkr ikus dh {kerk dsoy vkSj dsoy fo'kq¼ lkekftd ,dkRerk esa gh gSA

&ys [ kd] i=kdkj ,oa nfyr fpUrd gSA

^eSa fdlh lekt dh izxfr dk vuqeku ml lekt dh efgykvksa eas gqbZ izxfr ls yxkrk gwa*


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

25

lerk dk lwjt] jk"Vª&HkDr] MkW-vEcsMdj @

^

MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj lnSo jk"Vªfgr o ns'k HkfDr dk dk;Z djrs jgsA mUgksua s lnSo ns'k dks gh cM+k ekuk] /eZ tkfr lekt ls mQij loksiZ fj ns'k HkfDr gSA ijUrq vkt ns'k HkfDr ds uke fo'okl ?kkr djrs gS tks lekt dks /eZ o tkfrokn ds uke ij ckaVrs gSA vkt ge vusdksa }kjk n'kkZ, ekxZ ls HkVd jgs gSA vkSj ;fn le; jgrs ugha laHkys rks bfrgkl gesa dHkh {kek ugha djsxa kA

*

lh-,l-Hk.Mkjh

ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ,d egku ns'k HkDr ,oa lPps jk"Vªoknh FksA xjhc ifjokj esa iSnk gksdj rFkk etnwjksa dh oLrh jg dj lalkj esa lcls vf/d 'kSf{kd fMfxz;ka izkIr dh FkhA tks yksx MkW- vEcsMdj dks nfyrksa dk fgrS"kh o elhgk ekurs gSa] oks dsoy mudh fopkj /kjk rFkk muds dk;ksZa dks ladqfpr ekufldrk ls gh ns[krs gSA ok;ljk; dh dk;Z dkfj.kh esa Je eU=kh (Je lnL;) ds :i esa Jfedksa] etnwjksa fdlkuksa rFkk ukjh ds fy, tks dk;Z fd;s] mudk o.kZu ugha fd;k tk ldrkA ckck lkgsc Hkkjr dks viuk ns'k ekurs FksA dHkh Hkh mUgksaus ns'k ds foHkktu o cckZn gksrs ns[kuk ugha pkgrs FksA mUgksaus dgk fd& ^^eq>s fo'okl gS fd esjs ns'koklh ,d fnu ;g lh[k ysaxs fd ns'k euq"; ls egku gksrk gSA** 'kksf"krksa o nfyr Jfedksa rFkk yksdrU=k ds iks"kd] vKkurk ds va/js s es&a thus okys djksMk+ as Hkkjrh; yksxksa dks mtkys ds vf/dkjh vFkkZr balku cukus dk thou Hkj iz;Ru fd;k] mlesa liQyrk Hkh feyhA MkW- vEcsMdj ds izfr muds vuq;kf;;ksa dh fu"Bk fdlh ns'k HkDr ,oa jk"Vª izse ls de ugha gSA jk"Vª izse vkSj ns'k HkfDr ds vkxs ureLrd gksuk gh iM+sxkA mudk lEiw.kZ thou&vk/qfud Hkkjr ds bfrgkl dk ,d egku i`"V dks xkSjfUor djrk gSA mUgksaus viuh cqf¼eRrk ds cy ij ?kksj riL;k] vykSfdd /S;Z rFkk vuojr m|ksx&'khyrk ls mPpre è;s; dh izkfIr ds fy, la?k"kZ dj /wy ls mBdj f'k[kjksa dks Nw dj tks egku ,oa iwtuh; cu tkrs gSa] MkW- vEcsMdj mu foHkwfr;ksa dh iafDr esa vxzLFkku ij gSA oks lnSo vU;k; ds fo:¼ yM+s rFkk tqYeksa ds f'kdkj yksxksa ds izoDrk o tq>k: usrk o ;qx izorZd FksA MkWvEcsMdj viuh rstLoh ys[kuh ds dkj.k gh vkt leLr lalkj ds fo}kuksa esa mudk uke izeq[krk ls fy;k tkrk gSA /eZ 'kkL=k ls ysdj ?kVuk 'kkL=k rd lekt 'kkL=k ls vFkZ'kkL=k rd rFkk vU; xgu fo"k;ksa ij mUgksaus eu dh xgjkbZ;ksa ls lekt ds m¼kj dh rM+i fy,] vFkd ifjJe ls ys[ku dk;Z fd;k Fkk] ftudk lHkh yksgk ekurs gaSA

^esjs èkEe dk dke dsoy euq"; ds eu esa ;g ckr tekuk gS fd loksZifj vko';drk lnkpkjh cuus dh gS*


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 26

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad jk"Vª Hkk"kk&jk"Vª dh ,drk ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj dks mu ij lnSo xoZ jgk] tks Hkkjrh;rk esa mTtoy ifo=k o mnLr gSA Hkkjr dh ,drk o v[k.Mrk ds izfr mudh xgjh v[k.Mrk jghA ebZ 1929 esa lkbeu deh'ku }kjk cEcbZ izkUr ls dUuM+ Hkk"kh {ks=k rksMus dh /wrZ pky dk ?kksj fojks/ djrs gq, mUgksaus dgk Fkk fd ^^ns'k ds lHkh ukxfjdksa dks lEeku ,oa jk"Vªh;rk dh Hkkouk dh j{kk djuh pkfg,A ge lcls igys Hkkjrh; gS ml ds i'pkr fgUnw eqlyeku] flU/h] dUUkM+h vkfnA {ks=kh; izse] HkfDr vkSj xqVcktksa tSls ÑR;ksa ls gesa nwj jguk pkfg,A** izkUrh; Hkk"kkvksa dh ckck lkgsc us dHkh ijokg ugha dh mudh O;oLFkk rks ckn esa Hkh dh tk ldrh Fkh lkjs ns'k dks ,d Hkk"kk&cksyuk fl[kk nsus ls ,drk vkSj v[k.M+rk dk peRdkj lEHko gSA ns'k dh ,d Hkk"kk ,d laLÑfr jk"Vªh; m¼kj dk egkeU=k gSA

jk"Vªoknh Fks tkfroknh ugha MkW- vEcsMdj jk"Vªoknh Fks] tkfroknh ugha] mu dk ekuuk Fkk fd jk"Vªokn rFkk tkfrokn nks fojks/h /kjk,a gSA tkfroknh ns'k o lekt dks rksM+rk gS] yksdrU=k esa tkfrokn dk ugha] yksd dY;k.k rFkk yksder dk egRo gksrk gSA D;ksafd fdlh ns'k dh jk"Vªh;rk rFkk ,drk dks lcls vf/d [krjk tkfrokn ls jgrk gSaA Hkkjr esa iw.kZ jk"Vªokn dks u iuius esa tkfroknh eq[; dkj.k jgkA lkekftd o ekufld Hkkouk dh n`f"V ls vHkh rd jk"Vªoknh ugha cu ldsA vxj okLro esa gesa jk"Vªoknh cuuk gS rks tkfr O;oLFkk rFkk o.kZ O;oLFkk ls mQij mBuk gksxkA MkW- vEcsMdj fgUnw /eZ dh fo"k; ,oa vlaxr LFkkiukvksa ij rh[kk izgkj djrs FksA bl folaxfr dks nwj djrs gq, euqLe`fr dks tyk;k FkkA dqN us bUgsa ukfLrd dgk dqN us egewn xtuoh ls Hkh cM+k fgUnw }ks"kh ekukA fiQj Hkh vius n`< fo'okl ds dkj.k pkrqoZ.kh O;oLFkk dks tM+ ls u"V djds fgUnw /eZ dh jpuk lerk vkSj yksdrU=k dh cqfu;kn ij dh tkuh pkfg,A oks fgUnw /eZ esa lq/kj pkgrs FksA oks fdlh fo'ks"k O;fDr ls }s"k ugha djrs Fks ijUrq fgUnw /eZ ls ?k`.kk djrs FksA fgUnw LokFkhZ yksx mu dh ckr dk xyr vFkZ fudky dj cnuke djus dk iz;kl djrs Fks] rFkk mudh Nfo dks /wfey djus dk 'keZukd [ksy Hkh [ksyrs FksA

o.kZ O;oLFkk jk"Vª fojks/h MkW- vEcsMdj th dh jk"Vª HkfDr dk ,d egRo iw.kZ mnkgj.k gS fd fgUnw /eZ dh o.kZ O;oLFkk ls r`"Fk gksdj Hkh mUgksaus eqfLye o bZlkbZ o ikjlh /ekZs dks u pqudj Hkkjr dh teh ij tUes Hkxoku rFkkxr ds ckS¼ /eZ dks gh Lohdkj fd;k Fkk Hkwys gh mUgsa yk[k izyksHku fn;s x;s] ijUrq oks viuh e;kZnk dks ugha rksM+kA MkW- vEcsMdj th us ftl le; /ekZUrj.k dh ?kks"k.kk dh Fkh ml le; Hkkjr vaxsztksa us ns'k dks rksM+us dh lkft'k jpk j[kh FkhA xka/h Hkh ns'k ds foHkktu ds i{k esa Fks ftUukg Hkh foHkktu esa liQy gks x;s] ijUrq ckck lkgsc dh jk"Vªh; Hkkouk rks bruh egku Fkh fd jk"Vª fgr esa mUgksaus vNwrksa dks feys i`Fkd erkf/dkj dks Hkh dqckZu dj fn;k rFkk ns'k dh v[k.Mrk rFkk ,drk ds fy, ns'k dks etcwr cukus ds fy, xka/h th ls (iwuk iSDV) le>kSrk djuk iM+k FkkA dqN fgUnw oknh ;g ugha

tkurs fd vxj MkW- vEcsMdj th ftUukg dh rjiQ viuh ftn ij vM+s jgrs rks ns'k rhu Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr gks tkrk gSA mu ds fopkj Fks fd Hkkjrh; lekt dh O;oLFkk esa egku ifjorZu ykus ds fy, cq¼ /eZ dk Hkkjr esa izfrf"Br djuk vfuok;Z le>kA ftlds }kjk Hkkjrh; lekt dh mQap uhp vkSj vlekurk dh [kkbZ dks ikVk tk lds rFkk iqu% lerk] LorU=krk vkSj Hkzkr`Ro ij vk/kfjr u;s lekt dh LFkkiuk dh tk ldsA mUgksaus Hkkjrh dh fo[kjh gqbZ vusdksa tkfr;ksa dks cq¼ /eZ :ih ,d ekyk esa fijksus dk dk;Z fd;k FkkA MkW- vEcsMdj us dHkh fons'kh ØkfUr dkjh dks viuk izrhd ugha cuk;k FkkA mUgksaus vaxzstksa }kjk iznku dh x;h ^^lj** dh mikf/ dks Hkh ugha fy;k Fkk] tcfd fgUnqvksa us vaxzstks ls lj* dh mikf/ Hkh izkIr dh FkhA

xksyest lEesyu esa LorU=krk dh yydkj MkW- lkgsc us lnSo ns'k dh vktknh dks egRo fn;k Fkk] gkaykfd oks dkaxzsl o xka/h th ds fojks/h jgs FksA lu~ 1930 es izFke (yUnu) izFke xksyest lEesyu esa Hkkjr dks vktknh dh iSjoh vR;Ur lqUnj <ax ls dh] mudh izHkko 'kkyh Hkwfedk ds dkj.k cgqr fnuksa rd ;g ppkZ vkecuh jgh fd Hkkjr dh vktknh dk izeq[k uk;d dkSu vEcsMdj ;k xka/h\ baXySM esa rks ;g dkiQh fnuksa rd ppkZ dk fo"k; jgkA muds jk"Vª izse ls izHkkfor gksdj muds dV~Vj fojks/h xka/h dks Hkh dguk iM+k &^^MkW- vEcsMdj] ftrus lqUnj rFkk izHkko 'kkyh <ax ls vius fopkjksa ls xksy est lEesyu esa Hkkjr dh vktknh dh odkyr dh] bl izdkj gj Hkkjrh; dks xoZ gksuk pkfg, fd oks fdrus mPpdksfV ds ns'kHkDr FksA MkW- vEcsMdj igys ns'k HkDr Fks ftUgksaus ^^ikfdLrku ij fopkj** Ñfr ppkZ ls le; dgk Fkk ^^tks yksx bfrgkl dks Hkwy tkrs gS oks dHkh Hkh bfrgkl dh jpuk ugha dj ikrs** ifdLrku ds lEca/ esa mudh Hkfo"; ok.kh dh yksxksa us tedj etkd mM+k;k rFkk vkykspuk dh Fkh] ysfdu vUr esa lR; eku dj Lohdkj djuk gh iM+hA MkW- vEcsMdj th dks dsoy nfyrksa dk usrk dguk] yksxksa ds fnokfy;s iu dk lowr gSA 1931&32 dh xksyest lEesyu esa fgUnw usrk fgUnqvksa dh HkykbZ ds okjs esa fopkj Fks] eqfLye usrk eqlyekuksa ds bZlkbZ usrk bZlkbZ;ksa ds okjs esa gh vf/d fpfUrr Fks ijUrq MkW- vEcsMdj mu Hkkjr;ksa ds fgrksa ds fy, yM+ jgs Fks tks vkfFkZd] lkekftd] jktuhfrd rFkk /kfeZd rkSj ij nfyr (fiNMs) Fks] pkgs os fdlh Hkh /eZ ds vuq;k;h FksA 1931&32 dh xksyest lEesyu esa mUgksaus tks izLrkouk izLrqr dh Fkh ^^Hkkjr ds gj ukxfjd dks muds jktuhfrd vf/dkj feyus] pkfg,] pkgs oks fdlh Hkh /eZ dks ekurs gksA** bl izLrkouk dk iw.kZ izHkko Hkkjrh; lafo/ku esa Li"V fn[kk;h nsrk gSA okLrfodr rks ;g gS fd /eZ fuoZy ds fy, mlds 'kks"k.k dk eq[; dkj.k gksrk gS lHkh /eksZ dk lapkyu eq[; Lo;a ls xjhcksa ds }kjk gh fd;k tkrk gSA lHkh /eZ pkgs oks fgUnw /eZ] ckS¼ /eZ] bZlkbZ ;k eqfLye /eZ lHkh xjhcksa ds }kjk gh lapkfyr fd;s tk jgs gSA

LorU=k Hkkjr dk lafo/ku lekurk dk izrhd vktkn Hkkjr dk lafo/ku cukus dk dk;Z MkW- vEcsMdj th dks lkSaik x;k Fkk] oSls rks muds lkFk vU; yksx vkSj Hkh Fks fiQj Hkh lkjk vdsys MkW- vEcsMdj th dks gh djuk iM+k FkkA ;g pqukSrh iw.kZ dk;Z

^lekt esa f'k{kk gh lekurk yk ldrk gS] f'kf{kr lekt esa foosd&lksp o vPNs&cqjs fu.kZ; ysus dh 'kfDr iSnk gks tkrh gS*


mUgksaus jk"Vª izse ds dkj.k gh Lohdkj fd;k FkkA mudk LokLFk; Hkh lkFk ugha ns jgk Fkk fiQj Hkh fdlh rjiQ jkr fnu ,d djds mUgkasus izk.k izfr"Bk ls bl dk;Z dks iwjk fd;kA 5 uoEcj 1948 dks lafo/ku izk:i lfefr ds ,d lnL; Vh-Vh- Ñ".kk ekpkjh us muds bl dfBu dk;Z ,oa egRoiw.kZ dk;Z dk eqDr daV ls izla'kk dh FkhA lkr lnL;ksa dh lafo/ku izk:i lfefr ds vè;{k ds :i esa ckck lkgsc us gh lafo/ku cukus dh ftEesnkjh lEHkkyh FkhA lafo/ku esa 385 dkykeksa ,oa 8 ifjf'k"Vksa ls ltkdj iQjojh 48 esa iwjk fd;k] rFkk 4 uoEcj 1948 dks lafo/ku lHkk ds lkeus izLrqr fd;kA Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds fuekZ.k esa 2 o"kZ 11 ekg vkB fnu dk le; yxkA bl vnE; mRlkg vkSj mYykl ls vius fxjrs LokLF; dh ijokg u djrs gq, Hkh mUgksua s fof'k"B ,oa mYys[kuh; dk;Z dks lEiUu fd;kA ;g ,d ,sfrgkfld jk"Vª izes ,oa ns'k HkfDr ls vksrizkrs vuiku mnkgj.k gSA ftlds vkxs de ls de LorU=k Hkkjr esa rks dksbZ O;fDr muds leku [kjk ugh mrjkA

v[k.M Hkkjr dk LoIu MkW- vEcsMdj us lafo/ku lHkk ds lkeus vkxkeh Hkkjr dh rLohj dks izLrqr djrs gq, muds mYys[kuh ,oa vfoLej.kh; 'kCn jgsxsA ^^vius ns'k ds Hkfo"; ij fopkj djrs le; esjk eu bruk O;kdqy gS fd mls O;Dr fd;s fouk eSa jg ugha ikrkA Hkkjr viuh LorU=krk dks cuk,a j[ksxk ;k vius gh gkFkksa fiQj xoka nsxkA Hkkjr us igys Hkh viuh vktknh [kksbZ gSaA ;g vktknh ns'k ds dqN fo'okl ?kkrh iq=kksa ds gkFkksa xokbZ xbZ bl fopkj ls esjk eu O;kdqy gks tkrk gSA ekSgEen xkSjh dks Hkkjr ij vkØe.k djus dk fueU=k.k t;pUn us fn;k FkkA fgUnw Lok/hurk ds fy, tc egkjk"Vª esa N=kifr f'kokth tw> jgs Fks rks ejkBk ljnkj vkSj jktiwr jktk eqxyksa dh vksj ls muds fo:¼ yM jgs FksA D;k bfrgkl bls fiQj nksgjk;sxk ;gh fpUrk eq>s lrkrh gS rks vlg; Hkh gks tkrh gS D;k Hkkjr ds yksx LokFkZ vkSj nyxr jktuhfr ls mQij mBdj ns'k dks egRo nsxsaA ;fn ,slk ugha gksxk rks ns'k fiQj xqyke gks tk;sxkA ijUrq gesa ,slk u gksus nsus ds fy, lrdZ jguk gksxkA ns'k dh vktknh dh j{kk ds fy, gesa vius ygw dh vfUre cwan rd dqokZuh ds fy, lnSo rS;kj jguk pkfg,A** vkxs ckck lkgsc us dgk (vizSy 1993) lUnHkZ ckS¼ /eZ izpkjd] gksf'k;kj iqj) oksf/ lRo vkxs dgrs gSa fd ^^eq>s fo'okl gS fd ;fn ge ,sls cu tk;saxs rks ns'k dh ,drk vkSj v[k.Mrk dks dksbZ ugha feVk ldrkA >kj[k.M Hkkjr esa gh lcdk Hkyk gS tgka rd esjs vius fgr dk iz'u gS] eSa Lo;a ls vf/d jk"Vª fgr ds egRo nsrk gw¡A eq>s bl ckr dk xoZ gS fd eSaus vius lekt ds fgr ds fy, jk"Vª dk dHkh Hkh vfgr ugha fd;k vkSj u gh Hkfo"; esa d:axkA jk"Vª fgr dks è;ku esa j[kdj gh eSus dkaxsl z ls lg;ksx fd;k gSA ftl ekxZ ls eq>s ns'k lsok djus dk ekSdk feyxk eSa djrk jgawxkA** dqN fnekx ls fnokfy;ka yksx ckck lkgsc ds ckjs esa lafo/ku ds izfr rqPN fopkj j[krs gksA mu flj fiQjs yksxksa us ckck lkgsc dh fo}rk dk ij[kk gh ugha gS oks lw;Z dks ydM+h ds iQêðs ls <duk pkgrs gS tks lEHko ugha gSA

ukjh dh LorU=krk dk izrhd MkW- vEcsMdj fdlh dh izflf¼ ds Hkw[ks ugha Fks oks vius dk;Z] viuh fo}rk] rFkk viuh deZBrk o fo'okl ds /uh FksA oks lekt esa lekurk pkgrs FksA tgka rd v/wrks o 'kksf"krksa dks vktknh fnykuk pkgrs Fks ogh ukjh dks Hkh lkekftd oa/u ls eqqDr djuk pkgrs FksA mudh fo[;kuh ds fy;s 1935 dk lafo/ku] 1944 dk ysoj lafo/ku] 1950 dk Hkkjrh; lafo/ku rFkk 1951 esa fy[ks gq, fgUnw dksM fcy nh dkiQh gSA okLro esa ns[kk tk;s rks Hkkjr dk uo fuekZ.k djus okys ,d gh O;fDr dks fxuk;k tk ldrk gS vkSj og gSa MkWHkhe jko vEcsMdj ukjh dh LorU=krk ds fy, ckck lkgsc us laln esa dkuwu eU=kh dh gSfl;r ls fgUnw dksM foy is'k fd;k] dV~Vj fgUnw oknh usrkvksa us bl foy dks ikl ugha gksus fn;kA D;ksfd mPp usrk ukjh dks lekurk dk gd ugha fnykuk pkgrs FksA bl lUnHkZ esa MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj us eU=kh in ls R;kx i=k ns fn;k FkkA ifj.kke Lo:i Hkkjrh; laln us ;g foy ikl vo'; fd;k ijUrq nks Hkkxksa esa ckaV dj fd;kA ;g lR; gh ugha fo'okl iw.kZ ckr gS fd vxj Hkhe jko nfyr ugha gksrs rks Hkkjr ds iz/ku eU=kh gh curs D;ksafd bu ls cM+k fo}ku ml le; Hkkjr esa dksbZ ugha FkkA xka/h Hkh bu dk ykSgk ekurs FksA mPp tkfr esa iSnk gksdj Hkkjr esa dqN yksxksa us egkRek dguk 'kq: dj fn;kA egkRek xka/h vNwrksa ds lkFk Mªkek djrs FksA vxj oks pkgrs rks Nqvk Nwr feVkus dh FkksM+h lh Hkh xSjr gksrh rks vkt Hkkjr esa NqvkNwr dk ukeks fu'kku ugha gksrkA

lafo/ku fo"k; esa MkW- vEcsMdj 1- izQSd ,UFkksuh (lkaln)& eSa fo'ks"kr;k MkW- vEcsMdj dh izla'kk djuk pkgrk gw¡A ge ml cM+s dke vkSj xEHkhj ,dkxzrk dk vuqeku ugha yxk ldrs tks lafo/ku ds fuekZ.k tSls nLrkost ds fy, njdkj dhA 2- iafMr y{eh dkUr eS=ks; (lkaln) %& MkW- vEcsMdj egku lekt lq/kjd gSaA mUgksaus ns'k dh dbZ izdkj ls lsok dh gSA mu dk Hkkjr dh D;k lalkj Hkj esa vej jgsxkA 3- lBs xksfoUn nkl (lkaln) %& eSa MkW- vEcsMdj dks eqokjdokn nsrk gw¡ fd mUgksaus Hkkjr ds fy, ,slk lafo/ku cuk;k gS] ftl ij lkjk jk"Vª xkSjo djrk gSaA 4- rktk ey gqluS (laln lnL;) %& os izHkko 'kkyh gS os lalkj ds dkuwuksa vkSj lafo/ku ds fo"k; esa gj ckr tkurs gSaA bUgksaus lsgr ds [kjkc gksus ds dkj.k 'kq: ls gh cgqr ifjJe fd;k gSA bl vFkd esgur ds ifj.kke Lo:i gh ;g mYys[kuh lafo/ku jpk tk ldrk gSA 5- dkath lS;n djeqíhu (lkaln) %& ckck lkgsc dk uke vkus okys bfrgkl ds iUuksa esa lnk gh gjk Hkjk jgsxkA 6- ds- Vh- 'kg %& (lkaln) lafo/ku cukus ds dk;Z ds dkj.k MkW- vEcsMdj lalkj esa lnk gh vej jgsaxsA 7- ohj lkojdj %& MkW- vEcsMdj dk egku O;fDrRo] fon`rk] uezrk rFkk cgqtuksa dks laxfBr djds mudk usr`Ro djuk] ;s lnxq.k gS] tks crkrs gS fd MkW- vEcsMdj ns'k dh vuqie foHkqfr gh ugha vfirq

^lHkh ds fodkl esa ns'k o tkfr dk fodkl laHko gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

27


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 28

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad iwath Hkh gSA --- MkW- vEcsMdj ,d ØkfUr dkjh iq:"k gS ftudk dke vkSj uke ns'k ds fy, ,d ojnku gSA 8- Vh-Vh- Ñ".k epkjh (lafo/ku lHkk 5&11&1949)& vki yksx 'kk;n tkurs gS mu lkr lnL; esa ls ftUgsa vius ukekafdr fd;k ,d us R;kx i=k nss fn;k rFkk mudh LFkku iwfrZ ugha dh xbZ ,d nsgkUr gks x;k ------ vUrr% ;g gqvk fd fo/ku fuekZ.k dk lkjk cks> MkWvEcsMdj ds da/ks ij iM+kA bl esa eq>s rks dksbZ lUnsg ugh fd ftl lqO;oLFkk ls egku dk;Z fljs p<+k;k] mudk ÑrK gksuk pkfg,A 9- iafMr usg: (iz/ku eU=kh) %& MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj lafo/ ku ds eq[; f'kYidkj gSA 10- ljnkj iVsy (dkaxszlh&MkW- vEcsMdj fojks/h)%& MkWvEcsMdj dks lafo/ku dh elfonk desVh dk vè;{k pquus ls cf<+;k iQSlyk rks gks gh ugh ldrk FkkA 11- ds-Vh- 'kkg (lkaln) %& lafo/ku cukus ds dk;Z ds dkj.k MkW- vEcsMdj lalkj esa lnk gh vej jgsaxsA 12- Jherh js.kqdk js& (lkaln) %& eSa elkSnk desVh ds vè;{k MkW- vEcsMdj ds izfr ÑrKrk izdV djrh gw]¡ ftUgksua s gekjh ih<+h dks lafo/ku fn;k gSA 13- eksgu nkl deZ pUn xka/h %& MkW- vEcsMdj us igyh xksyest lEesyu esa tks dqN fd;k gS ml dh fjiksVZ eq>s feyh gSa mlds vuqlkj eSa tkurk gw¡ fd MkW- vEcsMdj ,d egku ns'k HkDr vkSj fo'o esa [;kfr ds Lokeh gSA MkW- vEcsMdj us lekt esa vius fy, ,d vf}rh; LFkku mRiUu dj fy;k gSA ;fn MkW- vEcsMdj o.kZ O;oLFkk ds fo:¼ yM+uk pkgrs gS rks eSa muds leFkZu esa ugh gks ldrk gw¡ D;ksfa d eSa tkurk gw¡ fd ^^o.kZ O;oLFkk (vkJe) gh fgUnw /eZ dh jh<+ gSA o.kZ&vkJe fo/ku eas mQap uhp dh Hkkouk ughaA MkW- vEcsMdj ,d fuMj O;fDr gSA MkW- vEcsMdj fgUnw /eZ ds fy, ,d pqukSrh gSA MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj lnSo jk"Vªfgr o ns'k HkfDr dk dk;Z djrs jgsA mUgksua s lnSo ns'k dks gh cM+k ekuk] /eZ tkfr lekt ls mQij loksZifj ns'k HkfDr gSA ijUrq vkt ns'k HkfDr ds uke fo'okl ?kkr djrs gS tks lekt dks tkfr okn o /eZ okn ds uke ij ckaVrs gSA vkt ge muds }kjk n'kkZ, ekxZ ls HkVd jgs gSA vkSj ;fn ge le; jgrs ugha laHkys rks bfrgkl gesa dHkh {kek ugha djsaxkA muds lq>koksa dks utj vUnkt djus ds ifj.kke Lo:i gh gS tks vkt xjhch] csjkst xkjh] LokFkZ rFkk vyxko tSlh leL;kvksa us fojkV :i /kj.k dj fy;k gSA mUgksua s LokFkZ NksM+ dj nwljksa ds fy, dqckZfu;ka djus ds fy, dgk] ge LokFkhZ gksrs tk jgs gSA LokFkZ pkgs og LokFkZ tkfr xr gks] /kfeZd gks];k lkekftd gks ldrk gSA MkW- vEcsMdj lekt oknh Fks lekt esa lekurk ykuk pkgrs Fks lkekftd lekurk ls gh jk"Vª egku gks ldrk gSA ijUrq vc ns'k iwt a hoknh gksrk tk jgk gSA MkW- vEcsMdj oSKkfudrk pkgrs Fks ijUrq vc LokFkhZ yksx vU/ fo'oklh curs tk jgs gSA ckck lkgsc dgk djrs Fks fd ftl izdkj ikS/s dks thfor jgus ds fy, [kkn o ikuh dh vko';drk gksrh gS mlh izdkj fopkjksa dks izpkj&izlkj :ih [kkn&ikuh dh vko';drk gksrh gS] ,slk u gksus ij nksuksa eqj>k vkSj ej tkrs gSaA

ckck lkgsc dh vka[ksa vkalw eqDr Fkh rks mUgksua s vius Þn; Hkkoksa dks izdV djrs gq,s dgk ^^tks eSa dj ldrk (ns'k o lekt) gw¡ lkjh mez dMk fojks/ lgus (lo.kksZ ls) ds ckn rFkk dkiQh dfBukb;ksa dks lgu djus ds okn dj ldk gw¡A ;g dkjoka vkt tgka fn[kkbZ ns jgk gS bldks ;gka rd eSa cM+h dfBukb;ksa ls yk ldk gw¡ eSa vius vuq;kf;;ksa ls ;gh dgwxa k fd ;fn os bl dkjoka dks vkxs u ys tk lds rks] bls ihNs u ys tkus nsA bls ;gh NksM+ ns] tgka ;g [kM+k gS esjk vius yksxksa dks ogh lUns'k gSA** bl izdkj ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj egku ns'k HkDr jk"Vª HkDr FksA tks mUgksua s ns'k ds fy, fd;k mUgsa ge Hkwy ugha ldrs gSaA ckck lkgsc dh ;kn esa & Hkkjr ds 'kksf"krksa dh uko dk eYykg cuk vEcsMdjA ns'k esa ped mBk lwjt cudj] 'kkLrk vEcsMdjAA ge dks dHkh irk ugha Fkk ge D;k Fks vkSj D;k gS vc ftlus cuk;k xSj ge dks oks eku ysrs lc dks lc i'kqvksas dh ftUnxh nfyrksa dks] gh feyrk Fkk rc Bksdjs [kkuk HkkX; esa fy[kk Fkk gekjs rc dêðj iaFk esa rwus tdM+ nh >wVs etgoh tky dh bUlkfu;r u ik ldk dHkh Hkh nq'euksa ds pky dhA Hkwy ldrk dkSu gS nfyr 'kksf"krksa ds daqfBr gky dh dkaV nh tathj ckck us tdM+h gtkjksa lky dhAA tkfr rksM+dj lerk oknh] cuk lwjt vEcsMdjA ns'k esa ped mQBk lwjt cu dj 'kkLrk vEcsMdjAA ys[kd Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk (iaft)] fnYyh izns'k ds iwoZ egk lfpo gSaA

^uk oa'k ls] u vPNh 'kDy ls] vkSj èku ls dksbZ euq"; egku gksrk gS ftlesa lR; o lnkpkj gS ogh euq"; egku gS*


Hkkjrh; ukjh m¼kjd MkW-vEcsMd + j

^

Hkkjrh; ukjh lekt dks bl n;uh; fLFkfr ls mckjus ds fy, lerk] Lora=krk ,oa U;k; ds iz.ksrk egkeuh"kh MkWvEcsMdj (Hkkjrh; ukjh ds) m¼kjd ds :i esa lkeus vk, vkSj ukjh esa psruk txkus gsrq vktohu la?k"kZ djrs jgsA fdlh Hkh lekt dh mUufr dk ukjh mUufr dks ekin.M ekuus okys MkW- vEcsMdj us cEcbZ dh efgyk lHkk dks lEcksf/r djrs gq, dgk Fkk&ukjh jk"Vª dh fuekZ=kh gSA

@

MkW-dqlqe es?koky

fdlh Hkh O;fDr dh mUufr ds fy, f'k{kk dh ije vko';drk gksrh gSA fcuk f'k{kk ds loZ=k va/sjk gSA izdk'k iQSykus ds fy, f'k{kk vko';d gS pkgs og ukjh gks ;k iq:"kA ukjh f'k{kk dh egÙkk izfrikfnr djrs gq, ckck lkgsc us dgk Fkk&;fn ge yM+dksa ds lkFk&lkFk yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk dh vksj Hkh è;ku nsus yx tk,a rks ge vkSj Hkh 'kh?kz izxfr dj ldrs gSaA f'k{kk fdlh oxZ dh cikSrh oxZ dh cikSrh ugha gSa&ml ij fdlh oxZ dk ,dkf/dkj ugha gS] lekt ds izR;sd oxZ dks f'k{kk dk leku vf/dkj gSA ukjh f'k{kk ifjokj fuekZ.k ,oa lekt fuekZ.k ds fy, iq:"k&f'k{kk ls Hkh vf/d vk';d gS&mls udkjk ugha tkuk pkfg,] fdUrq lekt O;oLFkk ds fu;e }kjk euq us fL=k;ksa dks f'k{kk ls oafpr dj fn;kA ukfj;ksa dks vf'kf{kr vkSj ew<+ j[kus ds fy, fgUnw 'kkL=kdkjksa us dgk gS&L=kh dks f'kf{kr djk

nks vkSj le>ks fd rqeus mlds gkFkksa esa dVkj Fkek nhA euq tSls 'kkL=kdkjksa us gh ukfj;ksa dks f'kf{kr djus dks iki vkSj vijk/ djkj ns fn;kA ukfj;ksa dks vf'kf{kr j[kus ds ihNs budk ;gh mís'; Fkk fd os vKkurko'k ewd i'kqvksa dh rjg iq:"kksa ds lHkh vR;kpkj lgu djrh jgsaA Hkkjrh; ukjh lekt dks bl n;uh; fLFkfr ls mckjus ds fy, lerk] Lora=krk ,oa U;k; ds iz.ksrk egkeuh"kh MkWvEcsMdj (Hkkjrh; ukjh ds) m¼kjd ds :i esa lkeus vk, vkSj ukjh esa psruk txkus gsrq vktohu la?k"kZ djrs jgsA fdlh Hkh lekt dh mUufr dk ukjh mUufr dks ekin.M ekuus okys MkW- vEcsMdj us cEcbZ dh efgyk lHkk dks lEcksf/r djrs gq, dgk Fkk&ukjh jk"Vª dh fuekZ=kh gSA jk"Vª dk gj ukxfjd mldh xksn esa iydj vkrk gSA ukjh dks tkx`r fd, fcuk jk"Vª dk fodkl dSls gks ldrk gSA mUgksaus ukjh dks lkiQ lqFkjk jgus] cqjkbZ ls nwj jgus_ f'kf{kr cuus vkSj lekt dh mUufr esa Hkkxhnkjh cukus

*

dk vkÞku fd;kA ukjh f'k{kk dk egÙo izfrikfnr djrs gq, MkW- vEcsMdj us dgk Fkk& f'k{kk 'ksjuh dk nw/ gSA f'k{kk ds fcuk thou O;FkZ gSA dqN lkspus] le>us o fparu djus dh rkdr f'k{kk ls gh laHko gSA ukxiqj esa efgykvksa ds lEesyu dks lEcksf/r djrs gq, mUgksaus le>k;k Fkk&fookg ,d nkf;Ro gSA bls cks> u le>ksA cPpksa ds fookg esa tYnh u djks] mUgsa f'kf{kr cuk,a] vius ikaoksa ij [kM+s gksus nsaA bl nkf;Ro dks rc rd vius cPpksa ij u yknsa] tc rd fd os fookg ds nkf;Roksa dks fuHkkus ds fy, ekufld ,oa vkfFkZd :i ls l{ke u gks tk,aA ;g ckr Hkh è;ku esa j[ksa fd vf/d cPpksa dks tUe nsuk vijk/ gSA gj yM+dh tks fookg djs mls gj {ks=k esa vius ifr ds dk;ks± esa] ifjokj dh mUufr esa lg;ksxh cuus dh f'k{kk nsaA nklh cuus dh ughaA eq>s fo'okl gS fd vki bl f'k{kk dks viuk dj ;'k ,oa xkSjo vftZr djsxa hA lekt dh mUufr esa lgHkkxh cusaxhA

^vkjksX; lcls cM+k ykHk gS] euq"; dks bls izkIr djus ds fy, [kku&iku vkfn esa lkoèkku jguk pkfg,*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

29


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 30

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

vesfjdh ekWMy viuk,a nfyr @ paæ

Hkku izlkn

Mk- vEcsMdj nksgjh Økafr;ksa ds nk'kZfud FksA igyh Økafr dk n'kZu Fkk tkfr&O;oLFkk dk lewy fouk'kA nwljh Økafr dk n'kZu Fkk&Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd rjDdhA MkvEcsMdj vFkZ'kkL=kh igys Fks] O;oLFkk ifjorZd ckn esaA oLrqr% Mk- vEcsMdj igys Hkkjrh; Fks ftUgksaus fdlh fons'kh fo'ofo|ky; ls vFkZ'kkL=k esa ih,p-Mhgkfly dh FkhA ftl vkS|ksxhdj.k ;k mnkjhdj.k dh 'kq#vkr Mk- eueksgu flag th us foÙkea=kh ds :i esa 1991 'kq: dh] ml rF; dks nwjæ"Vk Mk- vEcsMdj us ipgÙkj o"kZ igys gh dg fn;k FkkMk- vEcsMdj o"kZ 1913 esa vesfjdk ds fo'ofo[;kr fo'ofo|ky; dksyfEc;k ;wfuoflZVh esa igqp a x, Fks mudk igyk 'kks/ i=k Fkk 'çkphu Hkkjr esa O;kikj"A yxHkx lkS o"kZ iwoZ (1913) esa gh Mk- vEcsMdj us leLr Hkkjrokfl;ksa ds fy, vesfjdu ukxfjdksa ds gh rjg dk thou Lrj dk LoIu ns•uk 'kq: dj fn;kA Mk- vEcsMdj dh nwjnf'kZrk us Hkkai fy;k Fkk fd Hkkjr esa og {kerk gS fd og vesfjdk tSlk le`¼&lEiUu rFkk vkRefuHkZj ns'k cu ldrk gSA ysfdu blds fy, Hkkjr dks Hkh iw.kZr% vkS|ksfxd ,oa 'kgjhÑr gksus ds fy, ekufld rS;kfj;ka djuh gksxhA buds fy, Bksl vkSj lrr uhfr;ka cukuh gksaxh] mu ij pyrs jguk gksxkA Mk- vEcsMdj ds ikl bu y{;ksa dks lkdkj djus ds fy, reke iQkewys Fksvesfjdk lfgr ;wjksih; ns'kksa esa v'osrksa dh xfgZr fLFkfr dks xkSj ls ns•rs gq, MkvEcsMdj eqrebZu Fks fd Hkkjr esa lfn;ksa ls

pyh vk jgh tkfr&O;oLFkk dk tc rd lewy fouk'k ugha gksxk] Hkkjr fdlh Hkh lwjrsgky esa vesfjdk tSlk gksuk rks nwj mlds vklikl Hkh ugha iQVd ldrkA vkS|ksxhdhdj.k vkSj 'kgjhdj.k ekus lh/ s&lh/s ns'k dh rjDdhA rks mUgksaus fu"d"kZ ;g fudyk fd tkfr O;oLFkk Hkkjr ds vkS|ksxhdhdj.k&'kgjhdj.k dh jkg esa lcls cM+h ck/k gSmnkgj.k vusd gSaA o"kZ 1913 esa tc Mk- vEcsMdj Hkkjr dks vesfjdk cukuk pkgrs Fks] rc ;fn dksbZ czkã.k pk;&idkSMh+ dh nqdku •ksyrk] rks og czkkã.k lekt esa gh vyx&Fkyx iM+ tkrkA ml czkkã.k ifjokj ds cPpksa dh 'kkfn;ksa esa Hkh fnDdrsa gks ldrh FkhaA ogha ij ;fn dksbZ nfyr pk;&idkSM+h dh nqdku •ksyrk vkSj vR;Ur Lokfn"V pk;&idkSM+h cukus vkSj fugk;r lkiQ&lqFkjs rjhds ls mUgsa xzkgdksa dks ijkslus dh mldh egkjr ds ckotwn xSj&nfyr mldh nqdku ij ugha tkrsA bl rjg ds lSdM+ksa mnkgj.k çLrqr fd, tk ldrs gS]a ftuesa O;fÙkQ ds •qn ds thouLrj dks lq/kjus okys fdlh Hkh vkfFkZd ç;kl dks leqnk; ;k tkfrxr vk/kj fuanuh; dgs tkrs-

ckck lkgsc us ;g le> fy;k fd vxj Hkkjr dks vesfjdk ;k lqij ikWoj dh tekr esa 'kkfey gksuk gS] rks mls viuh tkfr&O;oLFkk ij geyk djuk gh gksxkA tkfr&O;oLFkk ij geys ds dbZ rjhds gks ldrs gSaA fopkjoku nfyr ys•d ,p,y nqlk/ ds vuqlkj] tkfr&O;oLFkk ds nks vk/kj LrEHk gSa&is'ksxr 'kq¼rk vkSj jÙkQ 'kq¼rkA nqlk/ th ds fopkjksa ls çHkkfor gksdj] eSaus euqLe`fr dks fiQj ls i<+kA euqLe`fr dk fupksM+ ek=k rhu gS&dksbZ Hkh tkfr viuk is'kk cny ugha ldrh] (2) dksbZ Hkh O;fÙkQ viuh tkfr ds ckgj 'kknh ugha dj ldrk rFkk (3) vNwr dHkh Hkh] xSj vNwr dk ,EIykW;j ugha cu ldrkA f'k{kk rks vNwrksa ds fy, iwoZr% oftZr Fkh] ftls ykMZ eSdkys us lekIr fd;kMk- vEcsMdj ds tUe fnu ij nfyrksa dks ,slk D;k djuk pkfg, ftlls Hkkjr dh tkfr&O;oLFkk VwVs vkSj bldk lewy fouk'k gks\ fdlh Hkh O;oLFkk ifjorZu esa ekuoh; ç;kl egÙoiw.kZ gksrs gSa ij tgka MkvEcsMdj tSls egkiq#"k usr`Ro çnku djrs gSaA gkykafd O;oLFkk ifjorZu esa vkfFkZd çfØ;kvksa dk Hkh fof'k"V ;ksxnku gksrk gSA elyu] o"kZ 1863 esa gh vczkã fyadu us

^èkEe rHkh l¼Ee gS] tc og lHkh euq";ksa ds fy, Kku ds }kj [kksy nsrk gS*


iwjk lky ioZ ds :i esa euk,a vacM s djoknh 2013 esa ckcklkgsc ds dksyafc;k ;qfuoflZVh esa vè;;u ds çokl ds lkS o"kZ iwjs gks jgs gSa- Hkkjrh; lekt ,oa çtkra=k rFkk fo'ks"k dj nfyr lekt ds fy, ;g vR;ar ,sfrgkfld {k.k gSa- ,sfrgkfld blfy, fd dYiuk dhft, dh vxj ckcklkgsc vesfjdk esa fLFkfr dksyafc;k fo'ofo|ky; u x, gksrs rks Hkkjrh; lekt ,oa nfyrksa dk D;k gksrk\ vkSj blls Hkh cM+k ç'u ;g gS fd vxj ckcklkgsc MkW- vacMs dj dksyfa c;k ls okil u vk, gksrs rks D;k gksrk\ vr% bu nksuksa çfØ;kvksa ;kfu ckcklkgsc dk dksyfa c;k tkuk vkSj dksyfa c;k ls okil vkuk] blds egRo dk lgh&lgh vkadyu gksuk vfr vko';d gS- Hkkjrh; çtkra=k dh tks uhao mlds turkaf=kd lafo/ku ds rgr iM+h] og dksyafc;k esa vè;;u djk jgs cq¼hthoh tkWu Mhoh ds turkaf=kd O;LFkk ij fn, x, ysDpj dh nsu dgk tk ldrk gS- ckcklkgsc vacsMdj }kjk fo'o ds turkaf=kd vkanksyuksa dk vè;;u Hkkjrh; çtkra=k dks ,d cgqewY; nsu gSckcklkgsc }kjk 1913 ds turkaf=kd ewY;ksa ds fy, fd, tk jgs v'osr vkanksyu dk vè;;u nfyr vkanksyu ds fy, vR;ar egRoiw.kZ iM+ko ekuk tk ldrk gS- vr% Hkkjrh; lekt esa bl ,sfrgkfld (100oka lky) o"kZ dh ;kn dks LFkkuh; gh ugha] jk"Vªh; ,oa varjjk"Vªh; Lrj ij HkO; lekjksg dj ds fpfUgr fd;k tkuk pkfg,] rkfd orZeku ,oa vkus okyh ih<+h blds egRo dks le> dj çsj.kk ys ,oa fons'k esa tkdj turkaf=kd f'k{kk ysdj Lons'k dh lsok dj lds- bl ;k=kk ls ckcklkgsc ds O;fÙkQRo dk ,d vkSj i{k Hkh mtkxj gksrk gS- oks gS& jk"VªHkfÙkQ- ;|fi vusd Hkkjrh;ksa us f'k{kk ysdj ds ogha cluk T;knk mi;ZqÙkQ le>k] tcfd ckcklkgsc us dksyafc;k vkSj yanu Ldwy vkWiQ bdksukWfeDl ,oa cwu fo'ofo|ky; (Bonn University)] teZuh esa f'k{kk ysdj ds Hkh ns'k dh lsok djus dks T;knk vgfe;r nh- vkSj blfy, Hkh bl o"kZ dks lHkh dks g"kkZsmYykl ls ioZ ds :i esa eukuk pkfg,A(nfyr er) vesfjdk esa nkl&çFkk dks lao/ S kfud :i ls lekIr dj fn;k Fkk] ckotwn blds igys ls jgs nkl] nkl&rqY; gkyr esa gh thus ds fy, etcwj Fkschloha lnh ds vkjEHk ds lkFk gh vesfjdk esa vkS|ksxhdhdj.k dh jÝrkj rst idM+hA v'osrksa us Hkh cM+s iSekus ij vkS|ksfxd dsUæksa dh vksj çLFkku fd;kA o"kZ 1910 ls 1930 ds nkSjku yk•ksa v'osr Ñf"k {ks=k ,oa xzkeh.k {ks=kksa ls fudydj vkS|ksfxd 'kgjksa esa vkdj lSVy gks x;sA bl ?kVuk dks lgh ek;us esa nkl çFkk dh lekfIr ekuk tkrk gSA cnyko dh çfØ;k esa lkekftd&euksfoKku dh Hkh vge Hkwfedk gksrh gSA o"kZ 1619 esa csfM+;ksa esa tdM+s v'osr nklksa dk igyk nLrk vesfjdh /jrh ij mrjk FkkA o"kZ 2009 esa cjkd vksckek ds :i esa ,d v'osr vesfjdk dk jk"Vªifr pqu fy;k x;kA ;kuh ek=k 390 o"kks± esa jax&Hksn ij v'osr dk

ikuh Nk x;kA 'osr ckgqY; vesfjdk us ,d v'osr dks viuk usrk pqukvksckek ds jk"Vªifr pqus tkus ds rqjar ckn eq>s vesfjdk tkus dk volj feykA viuh ;k=kk ds nkSjku eSaus ntZuksa v'osr çksiQslj ls ckrphr dhA ;g iwNs tkus ij Hkh 'osr vesfjdk esa ,d v'osr usrk dh LohÑfr ds ihNs ekSfyd dkj.k D;k gS\ blds dbZ tokc feysA ij] ekSfyd dkj.k crk;k x;k v'osr iwt a hokn dk mn; ftlls yk•ksa v'osr iwathifr yk•ksa&yk• 'osrksa ds fu;ksÙkQk cu x;stc yk•ksa&yk• 'osr deZpkjh v'osrksa ds gkFk ls osru ys jgs gksa rks ,sls ifjn`'; esa v'osrksa dh jktuhfrd LohÑfr LokHkkfod gSA nwljk lcls cM+k dkj.k crk;k x;k] varj&çtkfr 'kkfn;ksa dksA ikap yk• ls vf/d nEifr v'osr ,oa 'osr gSaA buesa Hkh vLlh çfr'kr ifr v'osr gSaA ,d v'osr cqf¼thoh ds vuqlkj] vksckek ds

jk"Vªifr cuus ds le;] vesfjdk esa v'osrksa ds ikl djhc nl yk• 'osr lkys] ikap yk• 'osr lkl] ikap yk• 'osr llqj vkSj yk•ksa&yk• 'osr lkfy;ka] ,oa 'osr ljgtsa ?kwe jgh gSAa ,sls esa vesfjdk esa jax&Hksn dSls fVd ikrk\ oSls gh] Hkkjr dks ;fn tkfr&foghu lekt cukuk gS rks yk•ksa nfyrksa dks iwathifr cu xSj&nfyrksa dks ukSdjh ij j•uk gksxkA yk•ksa nfyrksa dks çfro"kZ xSj&nfyr lkys] lkfy;ka] l<qvkbu ,oa xSj&nfyr lkl&llqj cukus pkfg,A blh çfØ;k ls tkfr O;oLFkk VwVsxh] nfyr xSj nfyr Hksn lekIr gksxk] lekt esa HkkbZpkjk c<+sxk rFkk Hkkjr ,d lqij ikWoj ds :i esa nqfu;k esa viuh igpku cuk,xkA ;gh gksxk Mk-vEcsMdj ds liuksa dk HkkjrA ys[kd] i=kdkj@nfyr fpard ,oa fMDdh ds esuVkj gSaA

^eSa ftl vNwr leqnk; esa iSnk gqvk gwa];fn mldh xqykeh dk mUewyu u dj ldk]rks eSa vius thou dk var dj ywaxk*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

31


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 32

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

Ñ"kdks@a Jfedks a ds elhgk MkW-vEcsMdj @

vfuy dqekj t;ar

MkW- Hkhe jko vEcsMdj nk'kZfud dkuwu fon] egku lq/kjd rFkk vkstLoh oDrk FksA xjhc ifjokj esa iSnk gksdj etnwjksa dh cLrh i<s fy[ks rFkk cMs gq,] fiQj Hkh Hkkjr esa gh ugha fo'o esa mPp dksfV ds fo}kuksa esa mudh ekU;rk gSA dqN yksx viuh vKkurk ds dkj.k MkW- vEcsMdj th dks [;kfr dks de djus ds fy, mUgsa dsoy nfyrksa ds elhgk rd gh lhfer djrs gSa] ;g mudk fnokfy;k iu gh dgk tk ldrk gSA MkW- vEcsMdj us Hkkjr ds leLr 'kksf"krksa nfyrksa Ñ"kdks] Jfedkas o ukjh LorU=krk ds fy, tks dk;Z fd;s oks mÙke gh ugha egkure gaSA 20oha o 21oha 'krkCnh eas MkW- egku o vf/dre 'kSf{kd fMfxz;ka izkIr djus okys loZJs"B O;fDr FksA MkW- vEcsMdj us xksyest lEesyu esa tks dqN cksyk] tks dqN dgk] mlls vaxzstksa dh ljdkj rks fgy gh x;h vfirq Hkkjrh; Hkh mudh egkurk ls mRlkfgr ugha gq,A baXySM esa ppkZ rsth ls iQSy jgh FkhA Hkkjr dh vktknh ds usrk MkW- vEcsMdj gS ;k xka/h thA mUgksaus dks;yk [kkuksa esa dk;Z djus okys] Jfedksa] [ksfrgj etnwjksa rFkk fdlkuksa ds fy, tks dk;Z fd;s oks vkt Hkh Je dkuwu cu fdlkuksa o Jfedksa dh 'kks"k.k ls eqfDr dk ifj.kke iznf'kZr djrs gaSA rFkk Jfed efgykvksa dh eqfDr dk gh ifj.kke gS ftlls ukjh 'kks"k.k ugha gks jgk gSA ^fdlkuksa o Jfedksa ds elhgk* uked iqLrd MkW- vEcsMdj th ds egku dk;kasZ dh tkudkjh nsxhA ns'k ds fdlkuksa Jfedksa o ukfj;ksa ds fy, vius thou dk ,d&,d iy MkW- vEcsMdj us Hkkjr dks ,d loyjk"Vª cukus ds iz;klksa esa O;rhr fd;kA ns'k dh vktknh ds ckn Hkh MkW- vEcsMdj us LorU=kr Hkkjr esa Hkkjrh; lafo/ku dk fuekZ.k dj Hkkjrh; 'kksf"kr turk] nfyrksa] fdlkuksa o Jfedksa rFkk ukfj;ksa ds mÙke

thou rFkk leku vf/dkj fnyk dj yksdrU=k dh LFkkiuk dhA Hkkjrh; fdlku o Jfed tks ns'k dh tula[;k dk ,d c<+k cM+k Hkkx FkkA vkfFkZd ladV ls tw> jgk FkkA os vius iz;klksa ls lkekftd o vkfFkZd lq/ kj ykus esa liQy gq,A MkW- vEcsMdj th us dgk fd tkfr Hkkoukvksa ls fodkl :d tkrk gSA mudk fopkj Fkk fd tehu dk mlh izdkj ls caVokjk fd;k tk;s] tks [ksr tksrrk gS] tks [ksr oksrk gS] ogha okLrfod fdlku g]S mls gh [ksrh dk okLrfod fdlku gksuk (ekfyd) pkfg,A ;fn lektoknh fl¼kUr ds }kjk Ñf"k {ks=k dk caVokjk gksxk rks fdlku dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr esa lq/kj gksxkA csdkj cM+h tehu dk fodkl fd;k tk;sA tks cM+s fdlku (tehankj) Lo;a [ksrh ugha djrs rFkk gtkjksa ,dM+ Hkwfe ds ekfyd cus gaS] ml reke Hkwfe dks tksrnkj fdlkuksa dks ns nsuh pkfg,A catj o csdkj iM+h Hkwfe dks ckaVus ls ns'k dk mRiknu cMs+xk rFkk ns'k dk vkfFkZd fodkl gksxkA yxku dh jkf'k dk c<+kuk] Hkh vkRe?kkrh fl¼ gqvkA vdky] ok<+ lw[kk dk fdlkuksa ij cqjk izHkko iM+k D;ksafd

ljdkj ij bu izkÑfrd vkinkvksa ls fuiVus ds fy, dksbZ izko/ku ;k lqfo/k,a ugha FkhaA ^^fdlkuksa ds fgrksa dh j{kk ds fy, Hkwfe lq/kj lEcU/h izFke fo/s;d MkWvEcsMdj gh cEcbZ fo/ku lHkk esa yk;s ;g [ksrh izFkk cUn djus ds lEca/ esa FkkA** ljdkj }kjk jS;rksa ds lkFk dqN ftyksa esa viQhe dh [ksrh gksrh Fkh ftl ij vaxzstksa dk vf/dkj Fkk] foØh i¼fr rFkk fu;kZr 'kqYd Hkh izkIr gksrk FkkA ckck lkgsc us [ksrh ls izkIr vk; ds mi;ksx djus ds mik; Hkh crk;sA ckck lkgsc us ljdkj ls dgk fd fdlkuksa ls ekyxqtkjh ysyh tkrh gS ijUrq lqfo/kvksa ij dksbZ è;ku ugha fn;k tkrk gSA 15 tuojh 1938 dks MkW- vEcsMdj ds usr`Ro esa eq[;ea=kh dks ,d Kkiu fn;k x;k ftlesa (1)[ksrh esa djus okyksa dk U;wure (2) yxku ekaiQh (3) iz.kkyh esa lq/kj (4)jtokMk 'kkgh lekfIr (5)NksVs fdlkuksa ds fy, flapkbZ esa NwV bR;kfn ekaxs FkhA 18 iQjojh 1929 dks Jfed o fdlkuksa ds fojks/h fufr;ksa dk ljdkj ds izfr [kqydj fojks/ fd;kA vkUnksyu fd;k rFkk

^ftl izdkj ioZr ok;q ds >ksads ls fgyrk&Mksyrk ugha] mlh izdkj cqf¼eku euq"; fuank] iz'kalk ls fopfyr ugha gksrk*


izn'kZu Hkh fd;kA ifj.kker% 17 flrEcj 1937 dks cEcbZ fo/kulHkk esa [ksrh izFkk lekIr djus dk fo/s;d Hkh is'k fd;kA 23 tuojh 1938 dks MkW- vEcsMdj us vgen uxj ds fdlkuksa dks lEcksf/r fd;kA nkeksnj ?kkVh ;kstuk dks iQyhHkwr djus esa Je lnL; ds :i esa cgqr cM+k ;ksxnku jgkA etnwjksa Jfedksa Hkwfeghuksa o Ñ"kdksa ds fgrksa dh j{kk ds fy, ,d LorU=k jktuSfrd ikVhZ dk Hkh xBu fd;k ftldk uke bfUMis.MsUV yscj ikVhZ FkkA mUgksua s dgk fd dkexkjksa o etnwjksa ds nks eq[; 'k=kq gSa iwathokn rFkk czkã.k oknA ckck lkgsc us fdlkuksa o Jfedksa dk ,d LorU=k laxBu cukus ij Hkh tksj fn;k ijUrq ;g laxBu jktuSfrd o tkfrokn ij vk/kfjr ugha gksuk pkfg,A egkjk"Vª ljdkj ds }kjk flrEcj 1938 esa fo/ku lHkk esa b.MfLVª;y fMLI;wV fcy is'k fd;kA bu ij MkWvEcsMdj us dgk gM+rky djuk flfoy jkWbV gS tks vijk/ ugha gSA bl ij gM+rky gqbZ tywl fudkysA D;kasfd Je dkuwuksa ds fo"k; esa MkW- vEcsM+dj cgqr vf/d tkurs FksA 20 tqykbZ 1942 dks MkW- vEcsMdj ok;ljk; dh dkSafly esa Je lnL; cusA dsUæh; foHkkx laHkkyus ij gh Hkkjr dh / jrh ij Je dY;k.k o Je lqj{kk dk bfrgkl jpuk tks vkt ns'k dh /jksgj cuh gSA Je foHkkx us ikap lnL;ksa dh ,d deSVh cukbZ ftudh cSBdsa 7 o 8 ebZ 1943 dks gqbZ ftlesa fuEu fo/s;d ikl fd;s (1) osjkstxkj dk;kZyk;ksa dh LFkkiuk (2) Hkkjrh; ik;yV foy 26 tqykbZ 1943 esa (3) okgu pkydksa dh iqu% fu;qfDr vf/ dkj (4) [kku izlqfr fo/s;d (5) [kku Jfed dY;k.k dks"k ykxw (6) leku dk;Z leku osru (7) dkss;yk [kkuksa dh lqj{kk izLrqr (8) etnwjh Hkwxrku fo/s;d (la'kks/u 1944) (9) ljdkjh Je uhfr dk 23 ekpZ 1943 dk [kqyklk (10)nkeksnj ?kkVh ;kstuk (11)vkS|ksfxd Jfedksa dks vkokl lqfo/k ij dkuwu bR;kfn

MkW- vEcsMdj th us dgk fd viuh ekaxksa dks euokus ds fy, VsªM ;wfu;uksa dk vfLrRo vko';d gSA VªsM ;wfu;uksa dk jktuSfrd Lrj ugha gksuk pkfg,A ftlls Jfedksa dk 'kks"k.k :d ldsA Jfedksa dh lqfo/kvksa rFkk muds mÙke thou ds fy, Je lqj{kk rFkk Je dY;k.k dh Hkkouk ls dkuwu cukus ds i{k/j Fks MkW- vEcsMdjA etnwjksa dks nksgjk 'kks"k.k gks jgk Fkk fey ekfyd etnwjksa dk 'kks"k.k djrs FksA ljdkj fdlkuksa Hkwfe ghuksa dk 'kks"k.k dj jgh FkhA vdky] lw[kk] Hkw[kejh ds dkj.k fdlkuksa ij [ksrh izFkk] yxku] VsDlksa ds dkj.k fdlkuksa dh gkyr [kjkc Fkh blfy, MkWvEcsMdj th us dgk fd Jfedksa dk 'kks"k.k o Hkw[kejh fdlkuksa dh xjhch ls

mHkkjus dk mÙkjnkf;Ro ljdkj dk gksuk pkfg,] ljdkj ds fgrksa ds fy, uhfr cuk;sA ljdkjh uhfr;ksa ij 16 ekpZ 1944 dks ljdkjh Lrj ij ppkZ Hkh gqbZA Je uhfr cukus ij Hkh fopkj fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; lafo/ku cukrs le; Hkh MkW- vEcsMdj us lekurk] LorU=krk] rFkk Hkwy vf/dkjksa dks okf.kZr fd;kA leku ukxfjd vf/dkj nsdj 'kks"k.k dks lekIr dj fodkl dk jkLrk [kksykA ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj th fdlkuksa o Jfedksa ds fy, Je dkuwuksa o Je lqj{kk dkuwuksa dk tks fuekZ.k lnL; ds :i esa djk;k mUgsa bfrgkl Hkwyk ugha ldrkA bl izdkj oksf/lRo MkW- vEcsMdj fdlkuksa Jfedksa elhgk ds :i esa tkus tkrs jgsaxsA

t; Hkhe!

n xzVs Ls V bafM;u] HkkjrjRu] cksf/lRo] ijeiwT; ckck lkgsc MkW-Hkhejko vEcsMdj th dh 122 oha t;arh ds volj ij lHkh ns'kokfl;ksa dks gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk,aA

Hkxoku nkl lqtkr

e/qefr lqtkr

mikè;{k] lerk lSfud ny

iRuh ek0 Hkxoku nkl lqtkr

^tks euq"; nwljksa ds nks"k gh ns[krk jgrk gS] vkSj vius nks"kksa dks ugha ns[krk] mlds vius nks"k c<+rs gh tkrs gSa*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

33


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

vEcsMdj vkanksyu dh izklafxdrk

34

^ @

jes'k xkSre

ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us vius vuq;kbZ;ksa ls dgk Fkk fd eSua s rqEgkjs fy, tks dqN Hkh fd;k gS og csgn eqlhcrksa] vR;Ur nq[kksa vkSj cs'kqekj fojksf/k;ksa dk eqdkcyk djds fd;k gSA ;g dkjokaWa vkt ftl txg ij gS] ml txg ij eSa bls cM+h eqlhcrksa ds lkFk yk;k gwaA rqEgkjk dÙkZO; gS fd ;g dkjokWa lnk vkxs c<+rk jgs] cs'kd fdruh :dkoVsa D;ksa u vk;saA ;fn esjs vuq;k;h bls vkxs u c<+k lds rks bls ;gha NksM+ nsa] ij fdlh Hkh gkyr esa bls ihNs u tkus nsaA 6 fnlEcj]1956 ckck lkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj ds ifjfuekZ.k ds ckn vklkuh ls o"kZ ij o"kZ

14 vizSy dks ckck lkgsc MkW- vECksMdj dh t;arh iwjs ns'k esa cM+h /kwe/kke ls eukbZ tkrh gSA ge ckck lkgsc dh t;arh rks eukrs gS ysfdu D;k ge muds crk, ekxZ ij pyrs gS\ ;fn ge muds thou la?k"kZ ls izsj.kk ysdj okLro esa muds crk, jkLrs ij pysa rks vkt nfyrksa dh fLFkfr dqN csgrj gksrhA lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj jktuhfrd {ks=kksa esa cgqtuksa dk gh izHkko fn[kkbZ nsrkA

chrrs pys tk jgs gSa ijUrq mudk fe'ku ftls ioZr dh fgekPNkfnr f'k[kkvksa dks Nwuk pkfg, Fkk vkt og egklkxj ds xrZ esa fueXu gksrs pys tkus dh fLFkfr esa gSA bl fLFkfr ds fy, dkSu ftEesnkj gS\ fe'ku ds 'k=kq vFkok blds vuq;k;h\ 'k=kqvksa dk fojks/k dksbZ fofp=k ckr ugha gS ysfdu fe'ku ds vuq;kb;ksa dk blds izfr vkpj.k vko'; gh fopkj djus ;ksX; gSA vEcsMdjoknh vkUnksyu dh /kheh xfr ds fy, fulansg os yksx ftEesnkj gSa ftUgsa blds usr`Ro dh egÙoiw.kZ ckxMksj lkSaih x;h FkhA fe'ku esa deZB] nwjn'khZ] 'khyoku] vkLFkkoku

*

,oa drZO; ijk;.k usr`Ro rFkk dk;ZdrkZvksa dk loZFkk vHkko jgk gSA vkt fe'ku ls tqM+s vf/kdka'k yksxksa dk jpukRed dk;Z dykiksa ls dksbZ ysuk&nsuk ugha gSA cfYd cM+cksys O;k[;ku ,oa 'kkfCnd lekt lsok ek=k gh muds ,sls lk/ku cps gS ftuds vk/kkj ij os nfyrksRFkku ds dk;Zdze dks bldh fu/kkZfjr ifj.kfr rd igaqpkuk pkgrs gaSA nfyrksRFkku vkUnksyu vkt ftu izof` r;ksa dh otg ls fiNM+ jgk gS mu ij n`f"Vikr djuk vizklafxd u gksxkA 'kks"kdksa dh dVq vkykspuk ek=k] ckck lkgsc dk nsorkdj.k]

^iqLrdas esjh lkFkh gSa] os eq>s iRuh vkSj larku ls Hkh vfèkd fiz; gSa*


nfyr&'kksf"krksa esa mxz tkfrokn] lLrs ,os vi;ksxh lkfgR; dk vHkko] f'kf{kr ,oa lk/ ku lEiUu oxksaZ dh mnklhurk rFkk /kekZUrj.k ds izfr v:fp vkfn ,sls eqn~ns gSa ftuds dkj.k fe'ku dh xfr vo:) gqbZ gSA lkfgR; dks lekt dk niZ.k ekuk tkrk gS] ijUrq vkt lLrs ,oa izxfr'khy fopkj/kkjkoknh mi;ksxh nfyr lkfgR; rFkk ehfM;k dk loZFkk vHkko gSA bl dkj.k izxfr dk jkLrk nqxeZ cuk gqvk gSA bl fn'kk esa gekjs izxfr'khy fopkjdksa ,oa i=kdkjksa dks igy djuh pkfg,A ftl tkfr izFkk ds f[kykQ nfyrksa ,oa 'kksf"krksa dh tax py jgh gS mldk ,d ek=k mik; nfyrksa dks cq) /kEe esa ,dtqVrk ds lkFk nhf{kr gksuk pkfg,A ysfdu ,slk ugha gks jgk gSaA vkxs vkus okyh ih<+h dks cq) ekxZ ls tksM+k tkuk vfr vko';d gS vU;Fkk orZeku ih<+h ds ?kjksa ls cq) vkSj vEcsMdj yqIr gks tk;sxk] vkSj dqN ifjokjksa esa rks ,slk gks Hkh jgk gSA 18 ekpZ]1956 dks MkW- vEcsMdj us vkxjk dh ,d tulHkk esa dgk Fkk fd eq>s bu i<+&s fy[ks yksxksa us cgqr /kks[kk fn;k gS] eq>s bu yksxksa ls vk'kk Fkh fd mPp f'k{kk izkIr dj ;s vius lekt dh lsok djsxa s fdUrq vkt eSa ns[k jgk gwa fd esjs lkeus lQsn dkWyj ds DydksaZ dh HkhM+ bdV~Bk gks xbZ gS tks flQZ vkSj flQZ viuk isV ikyus esa yxs gq, gaS vkSj bu yksxksa us esjh lkjh vk'kkvksa ij ikuh Qsj fn;k gSA ckck lkgsx us izR;sd O;fDr dks viuh vk; dk ikap izfr'kr Hkkx tu lsok esa yxkus dk mins'k fn;k Fkk vr% ,slh O;oLFkk dk lw=kikr fd;k tkuk pkfg, ftlds rgr f'kf{kr ,oa lk/ku lEiUu oxksZa esa nfyrksRFkku vkUnksyu ds izfr :fp tkxzr dh tk, rkfd vko';d lalk/ku tqVkus esa mudh Hkkxhnkjh lqfuf'pr dh tk ldsA MkW- vEcsMdj us ckS)e; Hkkjr cukus dh ladYiuk O;Dr dh Fkh 14 vDVwcj] 1956 dks bUgksaus vius ifjokj lfgr Lo;a ukxiqj esa fof/kor ckS) /keZ dh nh{kk yh Fkh rc mUgksaus vius reke nfyr 'kksf"kr yksxksa dks vkg~oku fd;k Fkk fd os ckS) /keZ esa nhf{kr gks vkSj ckS)e; Hkkjr dk fuekZ.k djsa ysfdu mudk liuk vkt rd iwjh rjg lkdj ugha gqvk gS vHkh Hkh yksx

vkRek ijekRek]HkkX; vkSj Hkxoku dh fopkj/ kkjk ls eqDr ugha gq, gSA MkW- vEcsMdj us dgk Fkk fd bZ'oj esa fo'okl cgqr gh [krjukd ckr gS D;ksafd bZ'oj esa fo'okl us iwtk vkSj izkFkZuk dh vko';drk us dks tUe fn;k vkSj iwtk rFkk izkFkZuk dh vko';drk us iqjksfgr dks tUe fn;k vkSj iqjksfgr gh og 'kjkjrh izk.kh gS ftlus vusdksa va/kfo'oklksa dks tUe fn;k rFkk lE;d n`f"V ds ekxZ dks vo:) dj fn;kA 14 vizSy dks ckck lkgsc MkW- vECsMdj dh t;arh iwjs ns'k esa cM+h /kwe/kke ls eukbZ tkrh gSA ge ckck lkgsc dh t;arh rks eukrs gS ysfdu D;k ge muds crk, ekxZ ij pyrs gS\ ;fn ge muds thou la?k"kZ ls izjs .kk ysdj okLro esa muds crk, jkLrs ij pyrs rks vkt nfyrksa dh fLFkfr dqN csgrj gksrhA

t; Hkhe!

lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj jktuhfrd {ks=k esa cgqtuksa dk gh izHkko fn[kkbZ nsrkA MkW- vEcsMdj us tkfrfoghu lekt dh LFkkiuk dk liuk ns[kk FkkA vkt Hkh yksx viuh&viuh tkfr dk eksg R;kx ugha ik, gSA yksx NksVs&NksVs VqdM+ksa esa caVs gq, gS vkSj viuh viuh tkfr;ksa ds laxBu cukdj ,d nwljs ls nwfj;ka cukdj vyx cus gq, gSA fojks/kh rkdrsa ;gh rks pkgrh gS fd ;s nfyr 'kksf"kr tkfr ds yksx vkil esa ,dtwV u gks tk, vkSj lkekftd dzkafr dk foxqy u ctk ns var esa ckck lkgsc dk vius vuq;kbZ;ksa ds fy, ;g lans'k gS fd 'kksf"kr oxZ fdlh izzyksHku esa u vk,] iFk Hkz"V u gks vkSj fujUrj vU;k;] 'kks"k.k ,oa neu dh fLFkfr ds izfr fonªksg djrk jgsA blh esa thou ds vfLrRo dh lgh vuqHkwfr gSA canwd! ls T;knk fcpkj ?kkrd gksrs gSaA nqfu;ka esa dksbZ Hkh tax] fcuk efLr"d ds ugha thrh tk ldrhA 'kfDr nsuk vklku gS] ijUrq cqf¼ nsuk dfBu gSA dye dh L;kgh] 'kghn ds [kwu ls] T;knk ifo= gksrh gSA D;ksafd! dye] reke 'kghn iSnk dj nsrh gSA & MkW-ch-vkj-vEcsMdj

cs/kM+d U;wt+ ,oa cs/kM+d izdk'ku dh vksj ls n xzsVsLV bafM;u] HkkjrjRu] cksf/klRo] ijeiwT; ckck lkgsc MkW-Hkhejko vEcsMdj dh 122 oha t;arh ds volj ij lHkh ns'kokfl;ksa dks gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk,aA

^xjhc vehjksa dh N=kNk;k esa dHkh izxfr ugha dj ldrs] vius mn~ns';ksa gsrq mUgsa vyx laxfBr gksuk pkfg,*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

35


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad izKk!

'khy!

lekf/!

ykWMZ cq¼k ,tqd's ku lkslk;Vh (iath0) Reistered Under Societies Registration Act 1860 (Act No. XXI of 1860) Registration No. 2739/2009-10 Head Quarter : "Rajgirh" # 192,Mmta Enclave, Dhakoli,Tehsil Derabassi, Distt.S.A.S. Na gar b, (In dia), 160104 Nagar gar,, Punja Punjab, (India), Cell: +91-9464741610,+91-1762-300230,E-mail:prkedee@gmail.com

36Society Re gistr ed un der sec.12-A, of in com T ax Act-1961, Reg istred under incom Tax Society Registred under sec.12-A, of incom Tax Act-1961, Don ation ar e ex empted U/S 80-G of In com eT ax Act 1961 Dona are exempted Incom come Tax f'kf{kr cuks a! /Eenku !

la?k"kZ djks ! laxfBr jgks ! Hkw&nku ! egknku ! lfn;ksa ls gj pht dks] jgrs Fks eksgrkt geA tks fdlh us u feyk] MkW- vEcsMdj ls ik x, geAA fo"k;% MkW- vEcsMdj cq¼ fogkj dh LFkkiuk gsrq [kqys fny ls viuh vk; dk 20ok¡ Hkkx ^/Eenku* nsus gsrq fou;&i=kA MkW- vEcsMdj ds lHkh vuq;kf;;ksa] ueks cq¼k;] t; HkheA tSlk fd vki tkurs gh gS fd MkW- vEcsMdj ds dFkkukuqlkj ^^bl ifo=k ckS¼ /Ee ds izpkj&izlkj ds fy, vki de ls de viuh vk; dk chl ok¡ Hkkx nssus dk fu.kZ; djsaA eq>s vki lcdks vius lkFk ys tkuk gSAA** ykMZ cq¼k ,twdds'ku lkslkbVh (iathÑr)] <dksyh (iatkc) us ckck lkgc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj ds /Ee (dkjok¡) dks rhoz xfr nsus ds fy, 'kgj thjdiqj@MsjkcLlh ds vkl&ikl ,d ^^MkW- vEcsMdj cq¼ fogkj** dh LFkkiuk djus dk fu.kZ; fy;k gS ftlds fy, de ls de 1500 oxZ xt dk ,d Hkw&[k.M [kjhnuk t:jh gS vkSj blds fy, de ls de 21 yk[k :i;s dh /ujkf'k pkfg, tks vkids ru&eu&/u ,oa ckck lkgc ds mDr dFku ^^ viuh vkenuh dk 20ok¡ Hkkx /Eenku** ds fcuk laHko ugha gks ldrkA ;fn vki vius lqlaLÑr eu ls] lPps fny ls lkslkbVh dh /Eenku djsa] rks ;g vlaHko dk;Z] laHko dk;Z eas cny ldrk gS vkSj blls ge lHkh dk liuk lkdkj gks ldrk gSA vki bl /Ee nku dks lkslkbVh ds LVsV cSad vkWiQ bafM;k czkUp thjdiqj ds cpr [kkrk la[;k 31586420096] vkbZ-,iQ-,l- dksM la[;k ,l-ch-vkbZ- ,u 5101 o iSu la[;k AAAAL 4393-E esa lh/s rkSj ij Hkh tek djok dj] jlhn izkIr dj ldrs gSaA lkslkbVh dks fn;k x;k lkjk nku vk;dj vf/fu;e 1961 dh /kjk 80&th ds vUrxZr vk;dj eqDr gSA vkxs] lkslkbVh dk ;g Hkh liuk gS fd MkW- vEcsMdj t;Urh 14&04&2013 dks mlh iykWV ij vk;kstu dj ^^MkW- vEcsMdj cq¼ fogkj** dh LFkkiuk o /Eenku esa vk;s 21 yk[k :i;s dh nku ohjksa dh lwfp dk f'kykU;kl fd;k tk;sxk tks ,sfrgkfld dne gksxk vkSj bl bfrgkl jpus esa lkekftd fodkl gksxkA vr% lHkh cqf¼thoh vuq;kf;;ksa ls ;g fou;&i=k Hkstdj vuqjks/ fd;k tkrk gS fd vki viuh usd dekb± esa ls vf/d&ls&vf/d nku nsdj ckck lkgsc ds ckS¼e;h Hkkjr ds lius dks lkdkj djus eas lkslkbVh dks lg;ksx dj vEcsMdjh vkanksyu dks xfreku djsaA Hkorq lCc eaxyaA

ih-vkj- dsMh vè;{k Ñrs% ykMZ cq¼k ,twd's ku lkslkbVh] <dksyh] iatkc & 160101 ^fdlh Hkh jk"Vª dh ckSf¼d ,oa lkekftd izxfr ds fy, iqLrdky; dh cgqr cM+h Hkwfedk jgh gS*


"kM+;=a ksa ls lko/kku% MkW- vEcsMdj dh psrkouh @

xksiky eghi

nfyr lekt ,d vFkkg 'kkUr leqUnj gS ftlesa tc dksbZ dadjh fxjrh gS rks cgqr gh de vkSj FkksM+s le; ds fy, gypy iSnk gksdj fiQj uhjork esa [kks tkrh gSA izk;% ,slk D;kssa gksrk gS\ ;g xgu [kkst vFkok tkap iM+rky dk fo"k; gSA lfn;ksa ls pys vk;Z vkSj vuk;Z laLÑfr;ksa ds chp cpZLo ds la?k"kZ esa vUrr% vk;Z laLÑfr dh 'kL=kcy vk/kfjr Js"Brk dk;e gqbZ ftlds vk/kj ij bls fpj LFkkf;Ro iznku ugha fd;k tk ldrk FkkA iQyLo:i /eZ'kkL=k lkeus vk;sA blesa izfrikfnr O;oLFkkvksa us vk;Z laLÑfr dks fpj;kSou iznku fd;k vkSj (vuk;Z æfoM+) laLÑfr dks tjk] tks /hjs&/hjs e`R;q ds vkxks'k esa lekrh pyh xbZ vk;Z laLÑfr dks lathouh iznku djus okyk pkrqo.Z ;Z /eZ dk fl¼kUr ,d ek=k ,slk fl¼kUr gS ftlds pkjksa rjiQ lEiw.kZ oSfnd okaXe; pdjf?kUuh dh rjg pDdj yxk jgk gSA blus gh 'kwæksa dks fliQZ lsok djrs jgus drZO; dks /kfeZd] lkekftd rFkk jktuSfrd ekU;rk fnyk;h ijUrq Je tfur iQy (iwath) ij fdlh Hkh izdkj ds vf/dkj ls oafpr j[kk gSA 'kwæ vius LokHkkfod vf/dkj ds izfr tkx:d u gksus ikosa blfy, mudh f'k{kk ij gh ugha muds Kku dks lquus&lqukus ij Hkh izfrcU/ dk;e fd;k x;k tks mudh grk'kk dk ,d ek=k izeq[kre dkj.k cukA blds dkj.k gh ls HkkX;oknh] bZ'ojoknh vkSj fu;froknh cudj jg x,A muds nq[kksa ds ewy esa lfn;ksa ls ;gh dkj.k fo|eku gSA dksbZ Hkh O;fDr izxfr iFk ij rc rd vxzlj ugha gks ldrk tc rd og ;g Bhd ls ugha le> ysrk fd blds fy, mls Lo;a gh iz;kl djuk gksxkA HkkX; ij Hkjkslk djus okyksa dk HkkX; lksrk gh jgrk gSA eUkq"; vius HkkX; dk Lo;a gh fuekZrk gS]

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

37

^

og ns'k tks nwljs ns'k ij jkt djrk gS] Bhd ughaA rc oxZ] tkfr] /eZ ;k Hkk"kk ds vk/kj ij nwljs oxZ ij jkT; djrk gS] og Hkh mfpr ughaA izR;sd O;fDr dks vius fodkl dh iw.kZ Lora=krk vkSj os lqfo/k,a miyC/ gksuh pkfg,aA izR;sd O;fDr dks leku volj gksus pkfg,aA lHkh ds fodkl esa ns'k o tkfr dk fodkl laHko gSAa

bZ'ojkfn dksbZ vn`'; 'kkfDr ughaA ^vÙk nhiks Hko* ds mins'kd rFkkxr cq¼ dks lekt us ,d dkykof/ rd Lohdkjk] iQyLo:i ns'k lksus dh fpfM+;k dgykus dk gh ugha] fo'o dk /Ee xq: dgykus dk Hkh xkSjo gkfly dj ldkA rFkkxr cq¼] ftUgksaus ekuoh; xkSjo dks c<+kus okyk loZJs"B ikB i<+k;k] bl lekt us vc rd rgs fny ls mls Þn;axe ugha fd;k] rFkkxr us dgk Fkk& ^fdlh pht ij blfy, fo'okl er djks] fd rqEgsa oSlk crk;k x;k gS ;k fd ijEijk ls oSlk gksrk vk;k gS] vFkok Lo;a rqeus bldh dYiuk dh gS ;k rqEgkjk f'k{kd rqEgsa crk;s] ml ij blfy, fo'okl u dj yks D;ksafd rqe mldk

*

lEeku djrs gksA fdUrq ftl pht dks rqe mfpr ijh{k.k vkSj fo'ys"k.k ds ckn lHkh ds fy, fgrdj vkSj dY;k.kdkjh ikvks] ml fl¼kUr ij fo'okl djks vkSj ml ij n`<+ jgks] rFkkxr cq¼ dk ;g mins'k O;fDr dks oS;fDrd Lora=krk ds lkFk vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=krk iznku djus mlds vkRe xkSjo dks c<+kus okyk gS lkFk gh O;fDr dh Lora=k psruk dks tkx`r dj mlesa LokoyEch] LokfHkekuh cuus dh LoHkkfod izof` Ùk dks Hkh tkx`r djus okyk gSA blh ls gh ;g lUns'k Hkh fudyrk gS fd dksbZ nwljk vkidk dY;k.k ugha dj ldrk] vkidks vius dY;k.k ds fy, Lo;a gh iz;kljr gksuk gksxk]

^f'k{kk ,d nqèkkjh ryokj gS] tks O;fDr pfj=kghu ,oa ekuork jfgr gS] og f'kf{kr gksrs gq, Hkh ,d i'kq ds leku gS*


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 38

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad dkykUrj esa rFkkxr cq¼ ds mijkUr 'kwæ lekt dks lgh fn'kk nsus dk dke egkeuk tksfrckjko iQqys }kjk fd;k x;k FkkA czkã.kksa }kjk pkrqo.Z ;Z O;oLFkk dk fo/ ku djds 'kwæksa dks f'k{kk ds vf/dkj ls oafpr fd, tkus ds dkj.k os cgqr ukjkt FksA bUgksaus 'kwæksa dh nqnZ'kk rFkk grk'kk dk dkj.k mUgsa f'k{kk ds vf/dkj ls oafpr fd, tkus dks gh ekuk vkSj fu"d'kZ :i esa bl izdkj viuh ckr 'kwæksa dks le>kbZ& ^f'k{kk ds vkHkko ls cqf¼ u"V gqbZ cqf¼ ds vHkko eas uSfrdrk u"V gqbZ uSfrdrk ds vHkko ls efr u"V gqbZ efr ds vHkko ls /u u"V gqvk vkSj /u ds vHkko ls 'kwæ grk"k gq, vdsys vKku ds dkj.k gh ;g lc gqvk* bl izdkj egkeuk iQqys us 'kwæksa dh f'k{kk ij cgqr tksj fn;kA mUgkasus 'kwæ fL=k;ksa rFkk iq:"kksa dks f'kf{kr djus ds fy, Ldwy pyk;s viuh iRuh lkfo=kh iqQys dks igys mUgksaus Lo;a i<+k;k rnksijkUr muds }kjk Hkh fL=k;ksa ds fy, vè;kiu dk dk;Z djok;kA tkR;kfHkekuh fgUnqvksa us blds fy, mUgsa rFkk mudh iRuh lkfo=kh iQqys dks izrkfM+r rFkk viekfur fd;k rks Hkh foifÙk;ksa dks >syrs gq, os vkxs gh c<+rs jgsA ijUrq eSa ns[krk gaw fd 'kwæksa us mudh bl usd lh[k dh rjiQ Hkh T;knk è;ku ugha fn;k gSA egkeuk iqQys ds ckn bl lekt dks lgh fn'kk nsus dk dke ije vknj.kh; ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj us fd;k gSA mUgksaus bl lekt dks tkx`r djus ds fy, lkekftd] /kfeZd] jktuSfrd rFkk vkfFkZd vkfn lHkh izdkj dh psrukvksa dks tkx`r dj buds vkRexkSjo ,oa LokfHkeku dks c<+k;k gSA budh f'k{kkvksa dk ewy eU=k gS] ^vius vfLrRo ds fy, la?k"kZA* ckcklkgsc us Hkh ^vÙkk fg vÙkuksaukFkks dks fg ukFkks ijksfl;k* dk lUns'k le>k;k gS fd vkidks vius nq[kksa ds fuokj.k ds fy, Lo;a gh iz;kl djuk gksxkA HkkX; vkSj Hkxoku ;kuh fd bZ'ojokn vkSj fu;frokn ds lEiw.kZ oSfnd lkfgR; ij tks ix&ix ij budk leFkZu djrk gS] dks udkjuk gksxkA mUgksaus

rks ;gka rd dgk gS fd tc rd oSfnd / eZ xzUFkksa dh gksyh ugha tyk nh tkrh] nfyr lekt vius izxfr iFk ij vkxs ugha c<+ ldrk D;ksfa d dne&dne ij tkfrokn dk jk{kl viuk eaqg [kksys [kM+k gSA tkfrokn ls fcuk nks&nks gkFk fd, vkxs c<+ ikuk vR;Ur eqf'dy gSA tc rd tkfr foghu vkSj oxZ foghu lekt dh lajpuk ugha gksrh] 'kwæksa dk vkxs c<+ ikuk cgqr dfBu gSA blds fy, lgh le> ds lkFk lkekftd psruk dk tkxj.k fd;k tkuk vk'o;d gSA ckck lkgsc ds bu izsj.kkn;h lans'kksa ls nfyr vkSj fiNM+s lekt esa prqfnZd izsj.kk dk tks lapkj gqvk gS] mlls nfyr vkSj fiNM+s lekt us viuh ,d fn'kk fu/kZfjr dj yh gS ijUrq tks yksx bu lUns'kksa dks Bhd xzg.k ugha dj ij jgs gSa] pkykd yksxksa }kjk mUgsa in izfr"Bk ,oa vFkZ vkfn dk izyksHku nsdj fnXHkzfer Hkh fd;k tk jgk gS vkSj yksx vius fgrksa dks Bhd ls u le>us ds dkj.k viuh tkx`fr ds fy, fur u;s uk;dksa dh [kkst dj jgs gSaA nfyr psruk ds fojks/h bUgsa ;g le>kusa dk iz;kl dj jgs gSa mUgsa vius gh lekt ds fdlh egkiq:"k dh [kkst djuh pkfg,A vkSj ,slk yxrk Hkh gS fd nfyr lekt dh fofHkUu tkfr;ksa ds yksx vius&vius oa'k ds vlyh vFkok udyh egkiq:"k dh [kkst esa iz;kljr gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy, liQkbZ dk;Z ls tqM+s Hkaxh lekt ds yksxksa dks cjxyk fn;k x;k gS fd jkek;.k ds jfprk egf"kZ ckYehfd rqEgkjs iwoZt gSaA rqEgsa mudk lEeku djrs gq;s muds in fpUgksa ij pyuk pkfg,A ,d Hkaxh dh vkRedFkk ^eSa Hkaxh gw*a esa ekU;oj Hkxoku nkl th us Li"V fd;k gS fd ^Hkaxh* mu æfoM+ ohjksa ds oa'kt gS ftUgksaus thrs th vk;ksZ dh thr ugha Lohdkjh vkSj u Lo;a dh gkj ghA ijUrq dkykUrj esa tc bu æfoM+ ohjksa dks 'kL=kcy vkSj "kM;U=kksa ds }kjk vk;Z bUgsa viuk xqyke cukus esa dke;kc gks x, rks mUgsa vR;Ur ?k`f.kr dk;Z djus ds fy, etcwj dj fn;k x;kA vk;ksZ us vfFkZdj.k

vfHk;ku ds nkSjku lEiw.kZ ewy fuokfl;ksa dks ,d gh o.kZ ^'kwæ* esa lekfgr dj ^pkrqo.;Z /eZ* ds vuqlkj viuh Js"Brk dk yksgk euok fy;k gSA mÙkj oSfnd dky ysdj Le`fr iqjk.k vFkok egkdkO; dky rd pkrqoZ.;Z /eZ dh O;oLFkk ^;qx/eZ/* gksus dk lEeku izkIr dj pqdh FkhA bl nkSjku 'kwæ ds fy, fliQZ ,d gh drZO; fu/kZfjr Fkk ^lsok deZ* fo'ks"kdj czkã.kksa dh lsokA blds vykok dqN Hkh djus ij muds fy, Hk;kud n.M dh O;oLFkk dh xbZ FkhA 'kacwd ½f"k dh Lo;a jke us gR;k blfy, dj nh Fkh D;ksfa d og 'kwæ gksdj czkã.k dk dk;Z ^riL;k* djus dh xyrh djrk ik;k x;k FkkA bl ifjfLFkfr vFkok O;oLFkk dh rjiQ vxj è;ku dsfUær djsa rks ge cgqr vklkuh ls le> ldrs gSa fd nsook.kh laLÑr esa jkek;.k dh jpuk djus okys egf"kZ ckYehfd ds fo:¼ ,slk ?kkrd O;ogkj D;ksa ugha fd;k x;k tcfd ckYehfd ½f"k dk viuk ,d vkJe Fkk tgka xq: dqy i¼fr ij {kf=k; ckydksa dks f'k{kk iznku djus dk vf/dkj Fkk rks nwljs dks riL;k djus dk Hkh vf/dkj ugha gks] Lo;a gh fojks/kHkkl iw.kZ gSA lEiw.kZ oSfnd vFkok egkdkO; dky esa 'kwæksa ds izfr ,slh mnkjrk izn'kZu vdkj.k ugha fd;k x;kA ckYehfd vxj 'kwæ oa'kh; gksrs rks 'kEcwd egf"kZ dh Hkkafr jke mudh Hkh gR;k djds iq.; izkfIr ls ugha pqdrsA egf"kZ ckYehfd 'kwæ ugha cfYd czkã.k FksA mUgsa czãk dk ekul iq=k dgk tkrk gSaA ckYehfd Lo;a gh izpsrk czkã.k dk iq=k gksuk crkrs gSaA czkã.kksa dh vfr'k; iz'kalk ,oa 'kwæksa dks xkyh nsus okys ckYehfd 'kwæ gks gh ugha ldrsA egf"kZ ckYehfd dks Hkafx;ksa dk iwoZt cukdj cgdkus dk ,d [kkl edln gSA MkW- vEcsMdj dks Hkafx;ksa lkgsc ds lkekftd vkUnksyu ls izsj.kk izkIr dj ns'k dh yxHkx lHkh nfyr tkfr;ka Lora=krk vkUnksyu ds nkSjku gh ,d tqV gksus yxh FkhA ;g ,d tqVrk bZ'ojokn] HkkX;okn] deZdk.M vkfn ds fojks/ ds uke ls eq[;r% czkã.kokn ds fojks/ esa gks jgh FkhA

^misf{kr oxZ dh fo"kerkvksa dks vfr'kh?kz feVk nsuk pkfg, vU;Fkk ;s ihfM+r yksx bl yksdra=k ds eafnj dks rckg dj nsaxs*


nfyr lekt dh bl curh gqbZ ,drk dks rksM+us ds fy, vko';d Fkk fd blds ?kVdksa esa vius tkrh; iwoZtksa ds izfr vknj&lRdkj dk vfrfjDr Hkko iSnkdj MkW- vEcsMdj lkgsc ds usr`Ro dks pqukSrh nh tk,A 'kks"kdksa vkSj "kM;a=kdkfj;ksa dh blh dqfVy lksp dk ifj.kke gS egf"kZ ckYehfd dks jkrksa jkr Hkaxh lekt dk iwoZt cukdj izpkfjr&izlkfjr fd;k tkukA fgUnw /eZ O;oLFkk vU/fo'okl egRo ij voyfEcr gSA ltkrh; psruk dk Hkh blesa vfrfjDr egRo gSA Hkaxh lekt ds yksx egf"kZ ckYehfd dks viuk ltkth; iwoZt ekuus ds dkj.k lkEiznkf;d vkSj izfrfØ;koknh ^jke* dks viuk vkn'kZ ekurs gSa D;ksafd ^jke* ckYehfd ds vjkè; FksA ;gh dkj.k gS fd Hkaxh lekt ds yksx MkWvEcsMdj lkgsc ds izfr oSlk vknjHkko ugha j[krs tSlk fd jke ds izfr j[krs gSaA bl "kM;U=k ls nfyr psruk dks xgjk vk?kkr igqapk gSA bruk gh ugha] egf"kZ ckYehfd dks Hkafx;ksa dk iwot Z dg dj mUgsa izxfroknh nfyr psruk ls foeq[k fd;k tk jgk gSA lUr jSnkl dks pekjksa dk iwoZt cudj mUgsa bZ'ojokn dh pknj vks<+kbZ tk jgh gSA egf"kZ ckYehfd ,oa lar jSnkl dh t;Urh dks lkoZtfud vodk'k ?kksf"kr djds buds bZ'ojoknh ÑfrRo dks mHkkjdj] nfyrksa dks bZ'ojoknh cukdj] HkkX;okn ds izfr mudh fu"Bk n`<+ djus dk iz;kl fd;k tk jgk gSA bZ'ojokn vkSj HkkX;okn gh ,sls fl¼kUr gSa ftUgsa viukdj 'kw¼ oxZ ds yksx iz;kl djds Hkh va/sjs ls ckgj ugha fudy ik jgs gSaA Hkaxh vkSj pekj tkfr dks gh ugha dksjh] xM+fj;k vkfn nfyr lekt ds yksxksa dks Hkh blh rjhds dk bLrseky djds nfyrksa dh laxfBr gks jgh 'kfDr dks rksM+k tk jgk gSA lUr dchj vkSj >ydkjh dksfju dks budk vkn'kZ cukdj bZ'ojokn vkSj ekfyd dh xqykeh esa izk.k rd U;ksNkoj djus dh f'k{kk nh tk jgh gS] lkFk gh mUgsa ;s le>k;k tk jgk gS fd mudk dk;Z rks lkiQ lqFkjk jgk gS] os nfyrksa ds lkFk vius

dks D;ksa tksM+rs gSaA ;g lc ckcklkgsc ds fl¼kUrksa vkSj vkn'kksZ ls vyx djus dh lkft'k gS vkSj bldk vlj nfyr tkfr;ksa esa gh ugha vfr fiNM+h tkfr;ksa ij Hkh iM+ jgk gS buesa fliQZ pekj dkSe ds gh yksx ,sls gSa tks ;g tkudj Hkh fd MkW- vEcsMdj mudh pekj tkfr esa iSnk ugha gq;s Fks] fiQj Hkh muds izfr J¼k ,oa lEeku dk vVwV Hkko j[krs gSaA nfyr rFkk fiNM+sd oxZ dh fofHkUu tkfr;ksa esa vius Lotkrh; egkiq:"k [kkstus ds izfr tks HkkoukRed vkd"kZ.k gS] ;s ckcklkgsc }kjk iSnk dj nh xbZ LokfHkeku iw.kZ psruk ds gh dkj.k gSA viuh 'kfDr dks igpkuus vkSj le>us dk tTck ckcklkgsc MkW- vEcsMdj us gh bu tkfr;ksa ds yksxksa esa iSnk fd;k gS] blfy, os fdlh Hkh ifjfLFkfr esa Hkqyk;s ugha tk ldrs vkSj u gh mudk egRo fdlh dkj.k ls de fd;k tk ldrk gSA tks yksx Lotkrh; uk;dksa ds vkd"kZ.k esa ckcklkgsc dks utjUnkt djus dh dksf'k'k dj jgs gSa os uknku vkSj ukle> gSa] ijUrqq ,slk gdhdr esa gkss jgk gS] ftldks lq/kjus dh t:jr gSA ftl MkW- vEcsMdj us izfrKk dh Fkh fd ^og ftl vNwr lekt esa iSnk gq;s gSa vxj mldk dY;k.k ugha dj lds rks vius dks Lo;a xksyh ekj ysaxs*] viuh bl izfrKk dks mUgksaus thoui;ZUr ;kn j[kkA ijUrq yksx vc Lotkrh; uk;dksa dks T;knk egRo ns dj mudh tkfr foghu vkSj oxZ foghu lekt dh ladYiuk dk e[kkSy mM+k jgs gSaA ;s yksx 'kks"kdksa ds tky esa fuR; izfr iQalrs tk jgs gSaA fiNys vkB nl o"kksZ ls tkfrxr laxBuksa dh ck<+ lh vk xbZ gSaA nfyr vkSj fiNM+s oxZ dh dqN [kkl tkfr;ka vius tkfrxr egklEesyuksa dk cM+s /we /M+kds ds lkFk vk;kstu dj jgh gSaA budk mís'; gksrk gS viuh tkrh; tu'kfDr dk izn'kZu dj 'kklu lÙkk esa viuh fgLlsnkjh ds fy, CySd esfyax djukA viuh jktuSfrd psruk ,oa tu'kfDr dk izn'kZu djus okyh gj tkfr vius fy, T;knk ls T;knk fgLlsnkjh

dh ekax djrh gSA blls LokFkZi.w kZ jktuSfrd psruk rks tkx`r gks jgh gS] ijUrq nwljh rjiQ tkrh; oSeuL; Hkh c<+ jgk gSA orZeku le; esa gj tkfr nwljh tkfr ls oSeuL; xzLr gksrh pyh tk jgh gS] D;ksafd ;s ,d nwljs dks vius fgrksa dk fojks/h eku jgh gSaA ;fn ,d gh oxZ dh lHkh tkfr;ksas esa lkekftd psruk dk lgh <+ax ls izLiQqVu vkSj izpkj izlkj gqvk gksrk rks tkrh; ladh.kZrk dh fLFkfr gkleku gksrh vkSj vUrr% lkekftd lejlrk c<+rh rFkk vUrZtkrh; fookgksa dh rjiQ lkekftd lq>ko vf/d gqvk gksrkA lqlaxfBr lkekftd ,drk ds fy, t:jh gS fd nfyr oxZ dh lEiw.kZ tkfr;ksa dks vkil ds HksnHkko Hkqykdj ,d gks tkuk pkfg,A bldk lcls vPNk dkjxj mik; gS vkil esa oSokfgd lEcU/ LFkkfir djukA lHkh nfyr tkfr;ka vius&vius lSfud dSEi yxkdj vkeus lkeus [kM+h gSa] bl fLFkfr dks cnyk tkuk pkfg, D;ksfa d lcdks ihfM+r djus okyh chekjh ,d gh gS] tkfroknA tkfr;ksa ds i`Fkd&i`Fkd laxBu vkSj tkfrxr vk/kj ij muds egkiq:"kksa dh [kkst nfyr lekt dh ,d tqVrk LFkkfir gksus esa ck/k cu x, gSaA nfyr letk dh lHkh tkfr;ksa dks pkfg, fd os lc vius&vius tkfrxr laxBu rksM+ nsa] viuh lHkh tkfr;ksa dk ,d egkla?k cuk;sa rFkk Lotkrh; iwoZtksa ds udyh vlyh izHkke.My esa pdkpkSa/ gksdj fnXHkzfer u gksaA Lotkrh; uk;dksa ij xoZ dj ldrs gSa ijUrq MkW- vEcsMdj lkgsc ds ÑfrRo ls mudh rqyuk djds mudh ØkfUrdkfjrk ,oa mikns;rk ij iz'u fpUg u yxk;sa D;ksafd mu tSlk lkekftd ØkfUrdkjh bfrgkl ds fdlh dky esa vkt rd ugha gqvk gS vkSj vkxs Hkh gksus dh lEHkkouk ugha yxrhA vius loZdkyhu fgrksa ds fy, nfyrksa dks pkfg, fd os "kM+;a=kksa ls lko/ku jgsa rFkk ckcklkgsc }kjk cuk;s x, ekxZ ij gh vxzlj gks]a b/j m/j u HkVds]a 'kks"kdksa rFkk "kM+;U=kdkfj;ksa ds "kM+;U=kksa dks liQy u gksus nsaA

^tUe ds }kjk u dksbZ vkneh czkã.k gksrk gS] vkSj tUe ds }kjk dksbZ vkneh 'kwæ ;k vNwr gksrk gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

39


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 40

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

MkW- vEcsMdj t;Urh ij! Hkhe th us dh leL;k;sa gyA lquds u;uksa esa vk tk;s tyA rsjs thou dh ,slh dgkuhA Fkh dkaVks Hkjh ftUnxkuhAA ;kruk,a lgh iwjh tokuhA gkj fiQj Hkh ugha rwus ekuhA y{; ds izfr jgk rw vVyA Hkhe th us dh leL;k;s gyA lquds u;uksa--------Ldwy ds vè;kid Hkh uk rqedks i<+krs FksA uhp&vNwr le>dj ds] rqEgsa ckgj fcBkrs FksAA ihM+k&lg Fk Þn; fogoyA Hkhe th us dha leL;k;sa gyA lquds u;uksa--------lkjs fnu Ldwy esa Hkhe] ckydA I;klk ejrk FkkA ,d&,d cwan ikuh dks] rw rks ;ksa gh rjlrk FkkAA I;klk eu Fkk Hkkjh O;kdqyA Hkhe th us dh leL;k;sa gyAA lquds u;uksa--------egkn ds rkykc ij Hkh] uhj lcdks fiyk;k FkkA ukfld dkykjke efUnj esa] izos'k lcdks fnyk;k FkkAA la?k"kZe;h] gS lerk lSfud ny Hkhe th us dh leL;k;sa gyAA lquds u;uksa--------tkfrokn&Nwvk&Nkr us] eudks Hkkjh lrk;k FkkA ckS¼&cudj thmQ¡xk esa] ukxiqj esa dj fn[kk;k FkkAA ckS¼&/eZ dk fn;k gS lEcyA Hkhe th us dh leL;k;sa gyAA lquds u;uksa--------dke&fiQj Hkh Hkhe ckck] rqe vufxur dj x;sA >ksfy;ka ftudh [kkyh Fkha] mudks ekyk&eky dj x;sAA vkj{k.k ns rdnhj nh cnyA Hkhe th us dh leL;k;sa gyAA lquds u;uksa--------tc rd pUnk&flrkjs gSaA Hkhe dgkuh gS rsjh vejA ihf<+;ka i<+sxh rqEgsaA rc&rc rqe ij djsaxh iQ[kjAA lqtkr rq>is fy[ks feyrk cyA lquds u;uksa esa vk tk, ty----&ch- Mh- lqtkr ofj"B dfo ,oa mikè;{k] l-lS-ny

^^cuds lwjt ped mBk fgUn esa vEcsMdj** dksbZ iqjlka gky u Fkk tc vNwrksa dk ;gka pkj lw vka[kksa ls vkalw Fks vNwrksa ds [kka rax vk dj fgUn ds fgUnw ls lc ihjks toka flD[k bZlkbZ cu x, dqN cu jgs Fks eqlyeka Mxexkrh uko dk eYykg cuk vEcsMdj cu ds lwjt ped mBk fgUn esa vEcsMdj ;g irk rd Hkh u Fkk ge dkSu Fks vkSj D;k gSa vc tks crk, xS+j ge dks eku ysrs lc ds lc ntkZ, bUlkfu;r 'kwæ dks u feyrk Fkk rc Bksdjsa [kkuk ulhcksa esa fy[kk Fkk mu ds tc ?kksj rkjhdh esa dkyh cnfy;ksa dks Nsn dj cu ds lwjt ped mBk fgUn esa vEcsMdj /fTt;ka rwus mM+k nha cu x;k pV~Vku tc Hkwys ldrk dkSu gS dkaV nh ta+thjs rwus

>wBs et+gch Hkh nq'euksa us rkjh[k mUrhl dy gt+kjksa

tky pky gky lky

dh dh dh dh

yky xqnM+h esa fNik Fkk MkDVj vEcsMdj cu ds lwjt ped mBk fgUn esa vEcsMdj rwus gS jgcj dkSe dk cs&xjt cs&ykSl lsok R;kx dj loZLo viuk ns eq>s rkSi+Qhd lsok

lq/ yh gS rwus dkSe dh gS rwus dkSe fcxM+h cuk nh dkSe dj ldwa eSa dkSe

dh dh dh dh

dkSe ds lwjt cuk lwjt dks Hkh vEcsMdj cu ds lwjt ped mBk fgUn esa vEcsMdj &MkW- lwjt Hkku vktkn

^vkneh ds fy, ekufld nq[k ds leku dksbZ d"V ugha] cq¼ èkEe dh f'k{kk gh bldk bykt gS*


MkW- vECksMdj %lkekftd Økafr ds vxznrw

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

41

^

MkW- vEcsMdj ,d fuHkhZd rFkk Li"Voknh O;fDr FksA muesa vikj /S;]Z lfg".kqrk] ljyrk vkSj vuar fou; Hkh FkkA muds thou dk ;g ewy iz'u cu x;k Fkk fd lekt esa nq%[k 'kks"k.k D;ksa gS\ vkSj mls fdl izdkj nwj fd;k tk ldrk gSAa mUgksua s tura=k vkSj ekuork esa vkRe&lgk;rk] vkRe&izjs .kk vkRe& leku] O;fDrxr Lora=krk vkSj lkekftd nkf;Ro ij vf/d cy fn;kA

@

MkW- rkjk ijekj

14 vizSy ckSf/lRo ^Hkkjr jRu* ckck lkgsc MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk tUe fnol lai.w kZ ns'k esa gh ugha oju~ fo'o esa Hkh cM+h /we/ke ls euk;k tkrk gSA jketh ldiky ,oa HkhekckbZ dh pkSngoha larku MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj 14 vizy S 1891 esa orZeku e- iz- ds ekyokapy ds egw uked LFkku ij tUesA cpiu ls gh dq'kkxz cqf¼ ds /uh egku iqLrd izseh]fuHkhZd&fuMj usrk ds :i esa ekuo

lekt ls NqvkNwr feVkus esa ckck lkgsc us lfØ; ;ksxnku fn;kA lkFk gh mUgksaus vius thou&n'kZu ls bl ns'k ds djksM+ksa 'kksf"krksa dks izHkkfor fd;k gSA mUgksaus fiNM+s lekt ds O;fDr;ksa dks vkRe&lEeku ds lkFk thus dk ekxZ iz'kLr fd;kA lkekftd] jktuSfrd ,oa /kfeZd thou esa ;qxkuqdwy LoLFk ,oa izxfroknh fopkj/kjk dks viukus dh n`f"V iznku dhA fdlh Hkh fopkj&n'kZu ;k deZdk.Mh; jhfr dks fcuk tkus vkSj ij[ks Lohdkjuk mudh vkLFkk ds foijhr FkkA mPp f'kf{kr ,oa lqf'kf{kr MkW- Hkhejko

*

vEcsMdj us lkekftd Økafr ds fy;s ,d vksj tgka i=k&if=kdkvksa rFkk lekpkj i=kksa vkfn dk laiknu ,oa izdk'ku fd;k ftuesa ewduk;d 1920 cfg"Ñr Hkkjr 1927] turk 1930 izeq[k gSA rks nwljh vksj vLi`'; lEesyu ukxiqj 1918 cfg"Ñr fgrdkfj.kh lHkk dk laxBu 1942] egkM+ ty lR;kxzg 1930] dkykjke eafnj izos'k vkfn ds ekè;e ls nfyrksa esa psruk txkbZ gSaA MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk mn~?kksf"kr lkekftd Økafr ftruh HkkSfrd ifjorZu ,oa

^esjs èkEe dks vkRek ijekRek ls dqN ysuk&nsuk ugha gS] bldk dsUæ fcUnq rks balku gS*


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 42

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad la?k"kZ dh Fkh mruh gh fopkjksa dh FkhA Lora=krk] lekurk ,oa Hkzkr`Ro] f'k{kk] laxBu ,oa vkanksfyr gksus dh Hkkouk] mUgha dh lkFkZd nsu gS vkSj lPps vEcsMdjoknh Økafrdkjh bldh mit gSA mUgksaus dgk Fkk ^^og n'kZu tks lekt dks VqdM+ksa esa ckaVrk gS] dk;Z dks :fp ls vyx djrk gS] Je ls cqf¼ dks vyx djrk gS] vkneh ds vf/ dkjksa dks mu fgrksa ls csn[ky djrk gS] tks thou ds fy, vko';d gS vkSj lekt dks mu lalk/uksa dks xfr'khy cukus ls jksdrk gS] tks ladV dh ?kM+h esa lkekU; fØ;k ds fy, vfuok;Z gS] ftl izdkj lkekftd mi;ksfxrk ds ekun.M dks lar"q V dj ldrk gSA** ckck lkgsc dh vkstLoh fojklr dks ikdj vkSj laxfBr gksdj nfyr lekt ds cqf¼thfo;ksa] laLÑfr dfeZ;ksa] lektlsfo;ksa vkSj lkfgR;dkjksa us vius lhfer lk/uksa ls tks dqN fd;k mls utjvankt ugha fd;k tk ldrk gSA fgUnw /eZ&lekt dh tkfr o.kZxr Hksn ewyd ,oa HkkX;&Hk;&Hkxoku dh ihM+knk;d lkaLÑfrd fojklr ls fdl izdkj nfyr&'kksf"kr lekt dks eqDr fd;k tk ldrk gSA bu lc dk ltho fp=k.k nfyr lkfgR; vkanksyu ds bfrgkl esa lgt miyC/ gSA lekt O;oLFkk vkfn ^'kks"kd* gS rks ml 'kks"k.k dh tM+ esa ikuh nsrk gS lkekftd foHkktuA ;g foHkktu lekt dh tM+ dks fuLian cuk nsrk gSA bl lkekftd HksnHkko dk lcls fuÑ"V i{k gSA NqvkNwr dh izFkk Hkkjrh; /eZxzaFkksa esa pkgs ftruh gh Hkkjh Hkjde mfDr;k¡ fy[kh gks ijarq vke O;ogkj eas /eZ ds Bsdsnkjksa ds fy, /eZ dk ewy rRo gS iwtk&ikB] dFkk&ozr vkSj pkSdk&pwYgkA O;ogkj ds Lrj ij lM+h gqbZ bl O;oLFkk esa ;k rks O;fDr ekj fn;k tkrk gS ;k ej tkrk gSA tkfr vkSj o.kZ O;oLFkk dh tM+sa bl ns'k dh laLÑfr] jktuhfr vkSj vFkZ O;oLFkk esa [kkstuh iM+sxhA Hkkjrh; lkekftd lapjpuk cgqr tfVy] laf'yLV vkSj vUrZfojks/h gSA bldks vkØks'k ds LFkku ij foosd ls le>us dh vko';drk

gSA tkfr vkSj o.kZ O;oLFkk dk bfrgkl fcuk oxZ n`f"V ds ugha le>k tk ldrkA vktknh ds ckn Hkh nfyrksa dks lekurk vkSj lkekftd U;k; u feyuk lcls cM+h fpark gSA mlds fy;s muesa NViVkgV gSa] vkØks'k] cSpsuh gSa] ysfdu mfpr lek/ku vHkh ugha fey ik jgk gSA tc rd Hkwfe O;oLFkk esa lkearokn lekIr ugha gks tkrk] i¡th dh ,dkf/dkjh izo`fÙk;ksa ij jksd ugha yxrh] lÙkk izkfIr ds fy;s tkfr;ksa dks laxfBr fd;k tkrk jgsxk rc rd lkekftd U;k;] lekurk vkSj tkfrfoghu lekt dh ifjdYiuk lkdkj ugha gks ldrhA blfy;s ,d u;s uotkxj.k vkSj lkekftd vkanksyu dh t:jr vkt igys ls dgha vf/d gSaA MkW- vEcsMdj ,d fuHkhZd rFkk Li"Voknh O;fDr FksA muesa vikj /S;Z] lfg".kqrk] ljyrk vkSj vuar fou; Hkh FkkA muds thou dk ;g ewy iz'u cu x;k Fkk fd lekt esa nq%[k 'kks"k.k D;ksa gS\ vkSj mls fdl izdkj nwj fd;k tk ldrk gSaA mUgksaus tura=k vkSj ekuork esa vkRe&lgk;rk] vkRe&izsj.kk vkRe& leku] O;fDrxr Lora=krk vkSj lkekftd nkf;Ro ij vf/d cy fn;kA ftlls jk"Vªh; ,drk rFkk lkekftd lqn`<+rk etcwr gks ldsA MkWvEcsMdj xyr ijaijkvksa] va/fo'okl] dqjhfr;ksa rFkk ewY;ksa dh iwtk ds fojks/h FksA os tkurs Fks fd blls jkx&}s"k] Hk; rFkk / ekZU/rk dks lgkjk feyrk gSA os yksxksa ls vkxzg djrs Fks fd mUgsa dsoy mUgha fopkjksa dh lqj{kk djuh pkfg, tks mi;ksxh ,oa dkjxj gSA os pkgrs Fks fd lekt ekuoh; O;oLFkk ds vf/d fudV gksA vkneh&vkneh ds chp O;ogkfjd laca/ vkSj izxk<+ gksa] pwafd ;gh lekt dh vPNh O;oLFkk dk mnkgj.k gSaA U;k;] lerk] Hkzkr`Ro] Lora=krk vkSj fuHkZ;rk ckck lkgsc ds thou ds vkn'kZ FksA mUgksaus cgqtu fgrk; cgqtu lq[kk; ds fy, lafo/ku nsdj Hkkjr dks ,d [kq'kgky jk"Vª cukus esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku fn;k gSA

MkW- vEcsMdj ds vuqlkj lgh f'k{kk gh ekuo izxfr dk lkj gSA mUgksaus lHkh yksxksa ls vkxzg fd;k fd os vPNs vkn'kksZ dks viuk,as vkSj lE;d~ ekxZ ij pysaA fdlh ds vkn'kZ pkgsa O;fDrxr gksa] lkekftd gks] ;k jk"Vªh;] mls mUgsa fu"BkiwoZd izkIr djus esa layXu jguk pkfg,A MkW- Hkhejko vEcsMdj ,d ewfrZ&Hkatd vkSj lkekftd Økafr ds vxznrw FksA mUgksua s tkfr O;oLFkk dk fo'ys"k.k djrs gq, dgk fd tkfr&O;oLFkk us fgUnqvksa dks iw.kZr% fo?kfVr vkSj pfj=k Hkz"V dj fn;k gSA ;g tkfr O;oLFkk gh gS tks fgUnqvksa dks nwljs ekuo /eZ ls foLrkj vkSj xzg.k djus ls jksdrh gSA Hkhejko vEcsMdj ds vuqlkj vkn'kZ lekt Lora=krk] lekurk vkSj ca/qrk ds fl¼karksa ij vk/kfjr gksxkA tkfr O;oLFkk dsoy rc gh lekIr gks ldrh gS] tcfd vUrZ tkrh; Hkkst vkSj vUrZ tkrh; fookg lkekU; fo"k; gks tk,aA ^^vÙk nhiks Hko** vkSj ^^f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr jgks] la?k"kZ djks** ds lw=k ds }kjk lkekftd lejlrk ds LoIun`"Vk egkdk:f.kd ckSf¼lRo ckck lkgsc MkWHkhejko vEcsMdj dks bu iafDr;ksa ds lkFk&'kr~&'kr~ ueu------

½f"k&eqfu vkSj ihj iSxEcj lcls fujkyh 'kku ckck rqe&lk u dksbZ egku----2 cksyks t;&t; Hkhe] cksyks t; t; Hkhe---vkSj nfyrksa dh [kkfrj ftlus >sys Fks vieku js----vej&jgsxk vej gekjk ckck Hkhe egku js t; Hkhe&t; Hkkjr------A ys[kd irk% 9- ch- bUæiqjh lBsuxj mTte (e- iz-) 456010 eks- 9424892775

^eSa laLd`r i<+uk pkgrk Fkk] ijUrq vè;kid us eq>s vNwr gksus ds dkj.k i<+kus ls badkj dj fn;k*


lekt lq/kjd ds :i esa Mk- vEcsMdj @

MkW Ñ".k xksiky

viuh foy{k.k {kerkvksa ds vk/kj ij ,d fof'k"V LFkku cuk pqds Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj dk thou vusd çdkj dh fofof/rkvksa ls ifjiw.kZ gSA mudh lokZf/d [;kfr ,d lafo/ku fuekZrk rFkk lekt ds misf{kr vkSj oafpr oxZ ds vf/dkjksa dh j{kk gsrq la?k"kZjr ;ks¼k ds :i esa gh vf/d gSA muds thou ds ;s nksuksa gh vk;ke egRoiw.kZ gSa fdUrq] vk'p;Z dh ckr ;g gS fd muds thou vkSj dk;Z ds vusd egRoiw.kZ vk;ke vkSj Hkh gSa] ftuds ckjs esa vè;;u] fpUru rFkk fo'ys"k.k vko';drkuq:i ugha gks ik;k gSA foy{k.k {kerk vkSj çfrHkk ,d ckr ge lHkh dks lnSo è;ku esa j•uh gksxh fd vfr lkekU; ifjokj esa tUes Mk- Hkhejko vEcsMdj] lHkh çdkj ds vHkko] mis{kk] vieku ,oa frjLdkj lgrs gq, viuh foy{k.k {kerkvksa vkSj çfrHkk ds cy ij vkt ,d egRoiw.kZ LFkku ij fojkteku gSaA mudh çfrHkk dks ns'k us Lohdkj fd;k FkkA blh ds iQyLo:i] os lafo/ku fuekZ=kh lHkk ds lnL; cusA muds eu esa ;g y{; Fkk fd ns'k esa vLi`'; cU/ qvksa dks muds laoS/kfud vf/dkj fnykus dk ç;kl d:axkA mudks vk'p;Z rks rc gqvk tc mUgsa ^lafo/ku çk:i lfefr* dk lnL; cuk;k x;k] vkSj tc mUgsa bl ^çk:i lfefr* dk vè;{k cuk;k x;k rc rks muds vk'p;Z dh lhek ugha jghA mudks LoIu esa Hkh ;g dYiuk ugha Fkh fd ,d ,slh lHkk (lafo/ku lHkk)] ftlesa vf/dka'k lnL; rFkkdfFkr mPp tkfr;ksa ds Fks] feydj mu tSls ,d vLi`'; O;fÙkQ dks ^çk:i lfefr* dk vè;{k Hkh cuk ldrs gSaA ge ;gka fopkj djsaxs fd MkvEcsMdj dk lekt lq/kjd ds :i esa ekSfyd Lo:i dSlk gS\ ge tkurs gSa fd foxr nks gtkj o"kks± dh O;kid jktuhfrd ,oa lkekftd mFky&iqFky us dqN fofp=k ifjfLFkfr;ka •M+h dha vkSj lekt esa vusd

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

43 çdkj ds foHksn mRiUu gks x;s FksA bl n`f"V ls O;kid lekt lq/kjksa dh vko';drk FkhA bl vko';drk ds vuq:i gh Mk- vEcsMdj ,d lekt lq/kjd Fks rFkk ;qxkuqdwy lkekftd O;oLFkkvksa dh iquLFkkZiuk ds os iqjks/k FksA lfn;ksa ls oafpr] misf{kr viekfur ,oa frjLÑr tkfr;ksa dks mUgksaus vk'kk vkSj fo'okl ds lkFk ,d etcwr lacy çnku fd;k] tks vlgk; vkSj vlaxfBr Fks mUgsa ,d etcwr vk/kj vkSj eap fn;k] Hk; vkSj çrkM+uk ds dkj.k ftudh ok.kh ^ewd* gks xbZ Fkh mUgsa l'kÙkQ ok.kh nhA lkFk gh] vU;k; vkSj vR;kpkj ds fo#¼ ,dtqV gksdj la?k"kZ djus dh {kerk Hkh mUgsa çnku dhA;g ckr gekjs Lej.k esa lnSo jguh pkfg, fd os ftl O;oLFkk ds fo#¼ yM+ jgs Fks og lfn;ksa dh :<+ ijEijkvksa ds dkj.k n`<+ gks xbZ Fkh vkSj dgha&dgha rks mlus rFkkdfFkr 'kkL=kksa vkSj / eZ dh foÑr /kj.kkvksa ls lgkjk ysus dh dksf'k'k Hkh dh FkhA bl dkj.k] bu dqjhfr;ksa] :f<+;ksa rFkk feF;k ekU;rkvksa dh tM+sa xgjh Fkh rFkk ;s nhokjsa cgqr etcwr FkhaA buls la?k"kZ ysuk vkSj mudks <gkuk vklku u FkkA Mk- vEcsMdj ,sls n`<+ çfrK O;fÙkQ Fks ftUgksaus vius ckY;dky ls ysdj lafo/ku çk:i lfefr ds vè;{k in rd bu HksnHkkoksa dks Lo;a >sykA vieku vkSj frjLdkj dh ihM+k us vusd ckj muds ân; ds vUrjre dks >d>ksj dj j• fn;k FkkA vius djksM+ksa cU/qvksa ds nq%• dks ns•dj os n`<+ gksrs pys

x;sA ^viuk ;g thou bUgha ihfM+r ekuotuksa ds nq%•ksa dks nwj djus esa gh yxk nwaxk* ;g ladYi fnu çfrfnu vkSj vf/d etcwr gksrk pyk x;kAHkkSfrd lq•ksa dh pkg] mPp in çkIr djus dh egRokdka{kk] O;fÙkQxr çfr"Bk] ifjokj vkfn dk eksg Hkh mUgsa bl ekxZ ls dHkh fopfyr u dj ldkA blh dkj.k tc vko';drk iM+h rc os dsUæh; ea=kh dk çfrf"Br in NksM+dj usg: th ds eaf=keaMy ls ckgj vk x;sA gSnjkckn ds futke rFkk oSfVdu flVh ds iksi }kjk vdwr lEifÙk dk fuosnu Hkh mUgsa muds ekxZ ls Hkzfer u dj ldk vkSj os fujUrj vius lqfuf'pr ekxZ ij pyrs jgs ftlds }kjk djksM+ksa vLi`'; cU/qvksa dks lEekfur thou çkIr djok ldsaA vkUnksyudkjh lekt lq/kjd Mk- vEcsMdj th ds thou esa ,d egRoiw.kZ ckr gedks fn•ykbZ nsrh gS og ;g gS fd os iqjkuh lHkh ekU;rkvksa] vkn'kks± vkSj O;oLFkkvksa dks èoLr djuk ugha pkgrs rFkk fdlh tkfr ;k o.kZ ds os 'k=kq ugha gSa] tks vPNk gS og laHkkydj j•uk vkSj tks vuko';d gS mls gVkuk gh mUgsa vHkh"V gSA bl n`f"V ls os ,d ^vkUnksyudkjh* gSaA MkvEcsMdj ;g tkurs Fks fd Hkkjrh; n'kZu ds ekSfyd rRo cgqr mnkÙk gSaA fdUrq] foÑfr;ksa] :f<+;ksa] <ksax] ik•.M] deZdk.Mksa ,oa ijaijkvksa dk vuko';d vfrjsd] ftlus ml leLr n'kZu tks lHkh euq";ksa dks leku ekurk gS rFkk d#.kk] çse] lerk] cU/qRo] n;k]

^nq"V vkneh ds ihNs nq[k ijNkabZ ds leku lkFk jgrk gS*


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 44

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad {kek] J¼k vkfn ln~xq.kksa dk lUns'k nsrk gS ,oa mldk laj{k.k Hkh djrk gS] dks <ad fy;k gS] ogh gekjs ifjorZu dk ewyk/kj cuk jgsAlq/kjoknh vkUnksyu dks pykrs le; gj {k.k ;g ckr Lej.k j•uh gksxh fd ;fn fdlh Hkh dkj.k ls vkilh çse] eerk vkSj cU/qRo dk Hkko lekIr gks x;k rks ifjorZu dk ;g la?k"kZ ,d Øwj oSeuL; esa cnydj vf/dre vf/dkjksa dks ikus dh bPNk j•us okys x`g;q¼ esa cny tk;sxkA vr% os dgrs Fks fd ge ;g ckr è;ku esa j•sa fd gekjs ns'k esa lHkh ln~xq.kksa dk nkrk] ^/eZ* gSA bl ^/eZ* dks vius fo'kq¼ :i esa iquLFkkZfir djuk gSA <ksax] ik•.M] HksnHkko] deZdk.M vkfn ds ijs ^/eZ* esa vUrfufgZr egku ln~xq.kksa dks lajf{kr djrs gq, gesa vkxs c<+uk gSA dqN yksx dgrs gSa fd /eZ dh ekuo thou esa dksbZ vko';drk ugha gSA MkvEcsMdj yksxksa ds bl er ls lger ugha FksA mUgksaus dgk& ^dqN yksx lksprs gSa fd /eZ lekt ds fy, vfuok;Z ugha gS] eSa bl n`f"Vdks.k dks ugha ekurkA eSa /eZ dh uhao dks lekt ds thou rFkk O;ogkj ds fy, vfuok;Z ekurk gwaA* ekDlZoknh yksx /eZ dks viQhe dgdj mldk frjLdkj djrs gSaA / eZ ds çfr ;g fopkj ekDlZoknh n`f"Vdks.k dh vk/kjf'kyk gSA Mk- vEcsMdj ekDlZokfn;ksa ds bl er ls lger ugha FksA os bl ckr ls iwjh rjg vk'oLr Fks fd ^/eZ* euq"; dks u dsoy ,d vPNk pfj=k fodflr djus esa lgk;rk djrk gS vfirq og lekt ds lajpukRed i{kksa dks Hkh fu/kZfjr djrk gSA pfj=k ,oa f'k{kk dks os /eZ dk gh vax ekurs FksAos dgrs Fks ^/eZ* ds çfr uo;qodksa dks mnklhu ns•dj eq>s nq%• gksrk gSA ^MkW- lkgc dk ekuuk Fkk fd ^/eZ* dksbZ iaFk ;k deZdk.M ugha gSA /eZ ds uke ij gks jgs fujFkZd <ksax] ik•.M rFkk O;FkkZMEcjksa dks os /eZ ugha ekursA /eZ ls mudk rkRi;Z gS& O;fÙkQxr] ikfjokfjd ,oa lkekftd O;oLFkkvksa dks vkn'kZ :i ls lapkfyr djus okyk ^uSfrd n'kZu*] tks lHkh ds fy, Js;Ldj gS ogh ^/eZ* gSA (ys•d ds O;k[;ku ij vk/kfjr

lkekftd] jktuSfrd] laLd`fr rFkk lkfgR; ljksdkj ds fy, izfrc¼ fgUnh ekfld if=kdk ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ,oa jk"Vªh; jkt/kuh fnYyh o vklikl {ks=kksa dh lkekftd]jktuSfrd ?kVukvksa o [kcjksa dks i<+us gsrq fgUnh lkIrkfgd v[kckj ^csèkM+d U;wt+* ds lnL; cusA

lnL;rk Ldhe eSa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk@lkIrkfgd v[kokj dk vkthou % 2000 `

ikap o"kZ % 1000 `

,d o"kZ % 250 `

Ldhe ds rgr if=kdk dk lnL; cuuk pkgrk gawA Ñi;k esjs fuEufyf[kr irs ij if=kdk@v[kokj Hkstus dh Ñik djasA

uke---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------irk-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------eksckbZy uEcj---------------------------------------fiu--------------------------cSad@MªkWÝV@psd@euhvkMZj ls ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk] ds uke ns; jkf'k@lnL;rk 'kqYd fuEu irs ij HkstsaA ;k fiQj vius utnhd dSujk cSad dh 'kk[kk ls gekjh if=kdk ds [kkrs esa ^csèkM+d U;wt* ekfld if=kdk ds uke ls

A/C No.-3009201005082 esa lh/s tek djus dh Ñik djsaA

^csèkM+d U;wt+* laikndh; dk;kZy;

e-ua&10] ,drk xyh ua&01] tkSgjhiqj] fnYyh&110094

eks- 9717580686] 9266990078 E-mail: bedharaknews@gmail.com

^u'kk vkneh ds ,s'o;Z o ;'k nksuksa dks u"V dj nsrk gS] ;g >xM+ksa rFkk jksx dk dkj.k gksrk gS*


MkW-vEcsMdj ds thou dh izeq[k ?kVuk,a @

xhrk lqeu

14 vizSy 1891 % HkhekckbZ] 1896 % uoEcj 1990 % 1904 % vizSy 1906 % 1907 % tuojh

1908 %

fnlEcj tuojh

1912 % 1913 %

2 iQjojh 1913 % tqykbZ

1913 %

15 ebZ

1915 %

5 twu

1915 %

ebZ

1916 %

bUgksaus twu

1916 %

8 twu

1917 %

twu

1917 %

tqykbZ

1917 %

11 uoEcj 1917 % 1918 %

eè; izns'k ds egw uked LFkku esa tUe] (ekrk firk lwcsnkj jketh ekyksth dh pkSngoha larku) ekrk HkhekckbZ vEcsMdj dk fuèkuA lkrkjk fLFkr jktdh; mPp fo|ky; esa nkf[kykA eaqcbZ ds ,fYiQaLVu gkbZ Ldwy esa nkf[kykA Jh Hkhdw ckhykaxdj dh iq=kh jekckbZ ls fookgA eSfVªd dh ijh{kk esa mÙkh.kZA (750 esa ls 392 vad izkIr fd;sA) Jh ,l-ds- ckys dh vè;{;rk esa xq#th ds-,- (nknk) dsyLq dj }kjk fyf[kr ^xkSre cq¼ dh thouh* iqLrd HksaV dj bUgsa lEekfur fd;k x;kA iq=k ;'koar dk tUeA eqacbZ fo'ofo|ky; ls iQkjlh vkSj vaxzsth esa ch-,dh ijh{kk mRrh.kZ (vad 1000 esa ls 499) dhA firk lwcsnkj jketh ekyksth vEcsMdj dk eqacbZ esa fuèkuA xk;dokM+ us Nk=ko`fÙk nsdj dksyafc;k fo'ofo|ky; U;w;kdZ] jktuhfrd foKku i<+us ds fy, HkstkA ^,MfefuLVs'ª ku ,aM iQkbusl a vkWiQ n bZLV bafM;k daiuh* ,e-,- gsrq Fkhfll dksyfa c;k fo'ofo|ky; esa izLrqrA ,e-,- dh ijh{kk mRrh.kZ djus ds mijkar vFkZ'kkL=k] lekt'kkL=k] bfrgkl] n'kZu'kkL=k vkSj jktuhfrd tSls vU; fo"k;ksa dk vè;;uA izksiQslj xksYMuZ us n'kZu'kkL=k lsfeukj esa vEcsMdj }kjk fyf[kr (Hkkjr esa tkfr) uked i=k i<+k] tks ckn esa izdkf'kr Hkh gqvk rFkk vEcsMdj }kjk fyf[kr igyh iqLrd ^n us'kuy MhohMsaV vkiQ bafM;k&, fgLVksfjdy ,usyhVhdy LVMh* izdkf'kr gqvk] tks ih&,p-Mh- ds fy, fy[kk FkkA ih&,p-Mh- dk dke lekIr dj dksyafc;k ls okil rFkk yanu fLFkr Ldwy vkWiQ bdksuksfeDl ,.M iksfyfVdy lkabl esa i<+us ds fy, nkf[kykA dksyafc;k fo'ofo|ky; ls ih&,p-Mh- dh mikfèk izkIr dhA cM+kSnk jkT; }kjk nh xbZ Nk=ko`fÙk dh vofèk [kRe gksus ds dkj.k ,e-,llh- dh i<+kbZ chp esa gh NksMd + j Hkkjr okil ykSVuk iM+kA cM+kSnk ds egkjktk xk;dokM us lSU; lfpo ds in ij fu;qDr fd;s rFkk vkxs pydj foÙkea=kh ds in ij vklhu gksuk FkkA ysfdu vuqlwfpr tkfr ds gksus dh otg ls bUgsa og in NksM+uk iM+kA MkW- vEcsMdj dk csfjLVjh ds vè;;u gsrq xzst bu (yaMu) esa izos'kA ukxiqj eas 'kksf"kr oxksZa ds lEesyu esa Hkkx fy;kA

uoEcj 27 tuojh 31 tuojh

21 ekpZ ekpZ ebZ flrEcj twu

14 iQjojh ekpZ ekpZ

twu 20 tqykbZ

23vDrwcj

19 tqykbZ 18 iQjojh 24 iQjojh 20 ekpZ

1918 % eqca bZ ds ^fl¼sue dkyst vkWiQ dkWelZ ,aM bdksuksfeDl esa izksiQslj fu;qDr fd;s x;sA 1920 % lkmFkcjks desVh ds le{k ckck lkgc dh egRoiw.kZ lk{khA 1920 % lkIrkfgd ejkBh if=kdk ^ewduk;d* dk izdk'ku izkjaHk fd;k ftlds laiknd uanjke okVdj Fks] ftuds firkth n;kusUnz xksyi FksA 1920 % dksYgkiqj ds egkjktk N=kifr 'kkgwth dh vè;{krk esa vk;ksftr misf{kr oxksZa ds lEesyu esa Hkkx fy;kA 1920 % y.Mu esa i<+kbZ fiQj ls vkjaHk djus ds fy, izksiQslj ds in ls R;kxi=kA 1920 % ukxiqj esa bUgksua s vfoLej.kh; Hkk"k.k fn;k rFkk deZohj f'kUns ,oa misf{kr oxksZa ds fe'ku dh vkykspuk dhA 1920 % ^y.Mu Ldwy vkWiQ bdksuksfeDl* esa nksckjk nkf[kykA odkyr dh i<+kbZ ds fy, ^xz*s laLFkku esa izo's k fy;kA 1921 % y.Mu ;wfuoflZVh }kjk budk ys[k ^izksfoafl;y fMlaVªykbts'ku vkWiQ bEisfj;y iQkbusal bu fczfV'k bafM;k* Lohd`r fd;k rFkk bdksuksfeDl esa ,e-,llhdh fMxzh izkIr dhA 1922 % vf[ky Hkkjrh; cfg"d`r ifj"kn LFkkfirA 1922 % teZuh ds ckWu ;wfuoflZVh esa vFkZ'kkL=k dk vè;;uA 1923 % buds ys[k ^n izkWCye vkWiQ :ih&bV~l vkfjthu ,aM bV~l lksY;w'ku* dks Mh,llh dh mikfèk ds fy, y.Mu ;wfuoflZVh }kjk Lohd`r fd;k x;k] ftls ckn esa ih,l- fdax ,aM daiuh y.Mu }kjk izdkf'kr fd;k x;k rFkk eqca bZ esa BDdj ,aM daiuh us ebZ 1947 esa fgLVjh vkWiQ bafM;u djsl a h ,aM cSfa dax ds uke ls izdkf'kr fd;kA 1924 % eqacbZ ds gkbZdksVZ esa odkyr 'kq: dhA 1924 % misf{kr oxksZa ds Lrj dks mBkus ds fy, cfg"d`r fgrdkfj.kh lHkk dk xBu fd;k ftldk mn~ns'; f'kf{kr cuks] laxfBr jgks rFkk la?k"kZ djks FkkA 1925 % lkbZeu deh'ku ds lEeq[k lk{kh vkSj Kkiu i=k is'kA 1925 % budh iqLrd ^n boksY;w'ku vkWiQ izkfs of'k;y iQkbusl a bu fczfV'ku bafM;k* fMtVsZ'ku vkWu n izksfHkfla;y fMlsVa ªkyykbts'ku vkWiQ bEihfj;y iQkbusl a bu bafM;k izdkf'kr gqvkA vNwr fo|kfFkZ;kas ds fy, bUgksua s okjlh esa Nk=kkokl [kksykA 1926 % ckck lkgc ds lcls NksVs iq=k jktjRu dk ifjfuokZ.kA 1927 % MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk eqacbZ foèkkulHkk esa 'kiFk xzg.kA 1927 % eqacbZ foèkku ifj"kn esa ckck lkgc dk igyk ctV Hkk"k.kA 1927 % dksykok ftys ds egkM+ xkao esa ponkj rkykc dk ikuh vNwrksa ds fy, eqgS;k djkus ds fy, lR;kxzg 'kq: fd;k rFkk euqLe`fr tykbZA

^'kq¼ eu okyk O;fDr 'kq¼ ok.kh cksyrk gS vkSj vPNs dk;Z djrk gS] rc lq[k mlds lkFk ijNkabZ ds leku jgrk gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

45


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 46

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad 3 vizSy

1927 % ejkBh if=kdk ^cfg"d`r Hkkjr* dk izdk'ku izkjaHk fd;kA blds laiknd MkW- vEcsMdj Lo;a FksA flracj 1927 % lekt lerk la?k dk xBu fd;kA flracj 1927 % egkM esa nwljk lEesyu cqyk;kA ekpZ 1928 % eqacbZ foèkku lHkk esa ^oru fcy* izLrqr fd;kA 28 ebZ 1928 % lkbeu deh'ku ds fy, lafoèkkfud lwpuk nh xbZA 14 twu 1928 % cfg"d`r fgrdkfj.kh lHkk folftZr fMizsLM Dykl lkslk;Vh LFkkfirA twu 1928 % eqacbZ ds xoZuesaV ykW dkyst esa izksiQslj fu;qDrA ckn esa ykW dkyst ds izkpk;Z cusA 29 twu 1928 % ^lerk* ikf{kd 'kq:A flracj 1928 % eqacbZ esa lkbeu desVh ds lnL; cusA 20 iQjojh 1929 % oèkkZ esa MkW- vEcsMdj dh lHkkA 14 ekpZ 1929 % ckck lkgc }kjk foèkku lHkk esa egkj oru fcy is'kA 13 vizSy 1929 % MkW- vEcsMdj dh cM+h cgu rqylhckbZ dk ifjfuokZ.kA 3 ekpZ 1930 % dkykjke eafnj esa vNwrksa ds izos'k ds vfèkdkj ds fy, lR;kxzg fd;kA 6 vxLr 1930 % MkW- vEcsMdj dks xksyest lEesyu dk fuea=k.kA 8&9vxLr 1930 % MkW- vEcsMdj dh vè;{krk esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; cfg"d`r oxZ dk lEesyuA 4 flracj 1930 % ok;ljk; vkWiQ bafM;k tgkt esa cSBdj y.Mu ds fy, jokukA fnlEcj 1930 % lkIrkfgd turk i=k tkjh fd;kA 7 vxLr 1931 % nwljh xksyest lEesyu dk izkjEHkA 14 vxLr 1931 % ef.kHkou] eqca bZ esa MkW- vEcsMdj xkaèkh dh izFke HksVa A 18 vxLr 1931 % y.Mu esa xkaèkhth ds lkFk MkW- vEcsMdj dh nwljh HksaVA 9 flracj 1931 % egkjkT;iky ykWMZ fyufyFkxks ls MkW- vEcsMdj dh HksaVA 17 vDVwcj1931 % enzkl esa vNwr lekt dk fo'ks"k lEesyuA 25 uoacj 1931 % ckck lkgc dh y.Mu esa xkaèkh ls rhljh HksaVA 1930& 1932 % Hkkjrh; vNwrksa ds fy, xksyest lEesyu dk izfrfufèkRo fd;kA vizSy 1932 % Hkkjrh; lafoèkku lqèkkj ds fy, la;Dq r lalnh; desVh ds lnL; cusaA flrEcj 1932 % iwuk le>kSrk ij xkaèkhth ds lkFk bUgksua s gLrk{kj fd;sA misf{kr oxksZa ds lqèkkj ds fy, bUgsa eSdMksukYM dE;wuy vokMZ ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA 4 iQjojh 1933 % xkaèkh&vEcsMdj dh ;jonk esa HksaVA 24 iQjojh 1933 % rhljh xksyest ifj"kn y.Mu ls ykSVsA 7&8 ekpZ 1933 % lerk lsfud ny ds xBu gsrq lHkkA 16 vizSy 1933 % egkj lekt lsok la?k] eqca bZ }kjk lgHkkst MkW- vEcsMdj dk izopuA 6 ebZ 1933 % la;Dq r lfefr ds dkedkt ls ckck lkgc y.Mu igqp a As 23 vDVwcj1933 % ckck lkgc dh pfpZy ds lkFk tckuh >M+iA 1934 % ikjsy ds nkeksnj gkWy dks NksMd + j ;s eacq bZ fLFkr jktx`g vk;s] tgka bUgksaus ,d ykbczsjh dh LFkkiuk dhA 27 ebZ 1935 % èkeZiRuh jekckbZ vEcsMdj dk fuèkuA 1 twu 1935 % eqca bZ xouZeVas ykW dkyst esa izkpk;Z ds in ij fu;qDrA

13 vDVwcj1935 % ukfld esa ,sfrgkfld ;soyk lEesyu dh vè;{krk dh vkSj misf{kr oxksZa dh fganw èkeZ dks R;kxdj vU; èkeZ dks viukus ds fy, izkRs lkfgr fd;kA mUgksua s ?kks"k.k dh eSaus fganw ds :i esa tUe rks ys fy;k gSA ysfdu fganw cudj ugha e:axkA mUgksaus yksxksa dks dkykjke eafnj esa izos'k ds fy, lR;kxzg djus dh lykg nhA fnlEcj 1935 % ykgkSj esa gksus okys tkr ikar rksM+d eaMy vfèkos'ku ds fy, vEcsMdj dks vkeaf=kr fd;k x;kA ysfdu buds }kjk rS;kj fd;s x;s Hkk"k.k dks fonzksgh djkj nsrs gq, vfèkos'ku LFkfxr dj fn;k x;kA 1937 bZLoh esa vEcsMdj us blh Hkk"k.k (The Annihilation of Caste) dks iqLrd esa m¼`r dj izdkf'kr fd;kA 12&13twu 1936 % iwuk esa misf{kr oxksZa dk lEesyu gqvkA bl lEesyu esa MkW- vEcsMdj us fganqRo dks NksM+us ij fo'ks"k cy fn;kA bldh vè;{krk jko cgknqj ,u-f'kojkt dj jgs FksA 29 iQjojh 1936 % iwohZ [kkans'k ds esacj us MkW- vEcsMdj ds [kkrksa dk leFkZu fd;kA 30 ebZ 1936 % eqacbZ lEesyu eas eqacbZ bykdk esgj ifj"kn ds vè;{k Jh lqHkkjko rFkk MkW- vEcsMdj th us nk<+h ewaNsa eqaMokdj fgUnw èkeZ ls viuk ukrk rksM+ fy;kA 10 twu 1936 % bVkfy;u fHkD[kq js- yksdukFk dh MkW- vEcsMdj ls jktx`g nknj esa HksaVA 15 twu 1936 % eqacbZ ds nsonklh lEesyu us MkW- vEcsMdj dks iw.kZ leFkZu fd;kA 18 twu 1936 % MkW- vEcsMdj ,oa MkW- eqt a s us flD[k èkeZ ij ckrphr dhA 23 twu 1936 % ekrax ifj"kn us bldk leFkZu fd;kA 22 vxLr 1936 % MkW- vEcsMdj us bafMisaMsaV yscj ikVhZ dk xBu fd;k tks eqacbZ foèkku lHkk dk etcwr foi{kh ny cukA 14 flracj 1936 % MkW- vEcsMdj us flD[k èkeZ ds vè;;u ds fy, 16 izfrfufèk;ksa dks ve`rlj ds Lo.kZ eafnj HkstkA 11 uoacj 1936 % MkW- vEcsMdj us tSusok vkSj y.Mu dh ;k=kk dhA 14 tuojh 1937 % eqacbZ okil ykSVsA eqacbZ esa E;wfufliy odZlZ ;wfu;u dh LFkkiuk dhA 17 iQjojh 1937 % Hkkjr ljdkj ds vfèkfu;e 1935 ds rgr igyk pquko gqvk ftlesa MkW- vEcsMdj eqacbZ foèkku ifj"kn ds fy, fuokZfpr gq, rFkk MkW- vEcsMdj dh bafMisaMsaV yscj ikVhZ dks 17 lhVksa ij fot; feyhA (dqy lhVsa 175] vkjf{kr lhV 15) 17 ekpZ 1937 % ftykfèkdkjh us egkM ponkj rkykc dks vNwrksa ds fy, Hkh mi;ksx djus dk vkns'k fn;kA\ 31 tqykbZ 1937 % pkyhlxkao jsyos LVs'ku ij MkW- vEcsMdj dk HkO; LokxrA 17 flracj 1937 % MkW- vEcsMdj us ,lsacyh esa egkM oru dks lekIr djus ds fy, fcy izLrqr fd;kA 31fnlacj 1937 % 'kksykiqj ftykfèkdkjh ds lkFk dkaÚsal ds flyflys esa 'kksykiqj esa budk Lokxr fd;k x;kA

^jk"Vªokn dk vkSfpR; rc gS] tc yksxksa ds chp tkfr] uLy ;k jax dk erHksn u gks*


4 tuojh 1938 % 'kksykiqj E;wfufliy dkmafly us Lokxr lekjksg vk;ksftr fd;kA tuojh 1938 % dkaxzsl ikVhZ us misf{kr oxksZa dks gfjtu uke j[kus dk fcy izLrqr fd;k] ysfdu MkW- vEcsMdj th us ;g dgdj bldh vkykspuk dh fd uke ifjorZu ls fLFkfr esa dksbZ ifjorZu ugha gksxkA fojksèk Lo:i MkW- vEcsMdj th us ,lsacyh esa 'kkafr ekpZ dk izn'kZu fd;kA 23 tuojh 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vgenkckn esa 'kkafr ekpZ fudkydj lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA 12&13iQj- 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us eqacbZ ds ftyk ukfld jsyos deZpkjhlHkk esa ,sfrgkfld Hkk"k.k fn;kA vizSy 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj us vyx dukZVd jkT; dk fojksèk fd;kA ebZ 1938 % eqacbZ xoZuesaV ykW dkyst ds izkpk;Z in ls R;kxi=kA 13&21ebZ 1938 % dksad.k ds nkSjs ij rFkk dksVZ ds flyflys esa ukxiqj Hkh x;sA vxLr 1938 % eqacbZ ds vkj-,e- HkV~V gkbZ Ldwy esa lHkk cqykbZ xbZ ftlesa crk;k fd dsUnzh; ea=kky; lacaèkh fu;e dh vogsyuk xkaèkhth dj jgs gSaA flracj 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vkS|ksfxd vogsyuk foèks;d ij eqca bZ foèkkulHkk esa Hkk"k.k nsrs gq, dgk fd dkj[kkuksa esa etnwjksa dks gM+rky djus dk vfèkdkj gksuk pkfg,A ;fn dkaxzsl dk dguk gS fd LojkT; gekjk tUefl¼ vfèkdkj gS rks gM+rky dk vfèkdkj Hkh tUefl¼ vfèkdkj gSA 10 uoacj 1938 % MkW- vEcsMdj us tula[;k fu;a=k.k ds mik; dks eqca bZ ds foèkkulHkk esa is'k fd;kA 29 tuojh 1939 % Hkkjr ljdkj ds vfèkfu;e 1935 ds rgr iQsMjs'ku olsZl ÚhMl 'kh"kZd ij Hkk"k.k fn;kA 1 ekpZ 1939 % ckck lkgc }kjk fyf[kr fÚMe oflZl ÚhMe izdkf'krA 18 vizSy 1939 % MkW- vEcsMdj dh jktdksV ds jktk lkgc Bkdqj ls HksaVA tqykbZ 1939 % jksfgnkl fo|k desVh dh lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA vDVwcj 1939 % MkW- vEcsMdj&usg: dh igyh cSBd gqbZA fnlEcj 1939 % gfjxkao esa vEcsMdj dh vè;{krk esa egkj vkSj egkj orunkl ds ykHkkFkZ vfèkos'ku cqykbZ xbZA ebZ 1940 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us egkj iapk;r dk xBu fd;kA 29 twu 1940 % vLFkkbZ ljdkj dh ?kks"k.kkA lR;kxzg ds fy, MkWvEcsMdj us vius vuq;kf;;ksa dks vuqefr nhA 22 tqykbZ 1940 % eaqcbZ esa lqHkk"kpan cksl vkSj MkW- vEcsMdj dh eqykdkrA 24 vxLr 1940 % MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk turk i=k izdkf'krA 15 vDVwcj1940 % y.Mu esa izèkkuea=kh vkSj Hkkjrea=kh (bVyh rFkk lj lSE;qy gksvj) ls ppkZ djds nfyr fgrksa dh odkyr dhA fnlacj 1940 % MkW- vEcsMdj th }kjk fyf[kr ikfdLrku ds lacaèk esa fopkj ^ifdLrku ;k Hkkjr foHkktu* uked iqLrd izdkf'kr gqbZA

tuojh

25 ebZ tqykbZ vxLr

30 ekpZ vizSy 19 vizSy 17&20twu 18 tqykbZ 19 tqykbZ 20 tqykbZ 7 vxLr 22 vxLr 9 uoacj

fnlEcj

19 tuojh

10 ebZ

6 ebZ

twu

1941 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us egkj tkfr dh lsuk esa HkrhZ ds fy, vfHk;ku pyk;k rRi'pkr egkj cVkfy;u dk xBu fd;kA 1941 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us egkj U;kl iapk;r lfefr dk xBu fd;kA 1941 % MkW- vEcsMdj th dks j{kk lykg lfefr dk lnL; cuk;k x;kA 1941 % MkW- vEcsMdj us flukj esa dkaÚsal dk vk;kstu fd;k ftlesa egkj oru ds yksxksa dks VSDl ls eqfDr djus dk vkg~oku fd;k x;kA var esa ljdkj dks dj eqDr djuk iM+kA 1942 % ckck lkgc vkSj fØIl dh HksVa A fnYyh esa vNwr usrkvksa dk lEesyuA 1942 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vf[ky Hkkjrh; vuqlwfpr tkfr dk ukxiqj esa xBu fd;kA 1942 % jfonkl r#.k lqèkkjd la?k efgyk 'kk[kk dk MkWvEcsMdj }kjk mn~?kkVuA 1942 % ukxiqj esa ckck lkgc us vf[ky Hkkjrh; nfyr oxZ lEesyu dh vè;{krk dhA 1942 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us Hkkjrh; ftykèkh'kksa dh cSBd dks ukxiqj esa lacksfèkr fd;kA 1942 % 'ksM;wYM dkLV iQsMjs'ku dh LFkkiukA 1942 % ok;ljk; ,D;q;fw Vo dkmafly esa esca j ds :i esa fu;qDr gq,] lerk lSfud ny dks lacksfèkr fd;kA 1942 % ckck lkgc }kjk ubZ fnYyh esa pkSFks Jfed lEesyu dk mn~?kkVuA 1942 % nfyr oxZ fgrdkfj.kh eaMy }kjk Jeea=kh MkW- vEcsMdj dk vfHkuanuA 1942 % Jeea=kh ds :i esa MkW- vEcsMdj dk Hkkjrh; Jfed vkSj f}rh; fo'o;q¼ fo"k; ij vkdk'kok.kh eqacbZ ls izFke Hkk"k.kA 1942 % dukMk ds baLVhV;wV esa Hkkjrh; vNwrksa dh leL;k ij viuk ys[k izLrqr fd;k tks egkRek xkaèkh ,aM beulhis'ku vkWiQ n vuVpscqy fnlEcj 1943 esa izdkf'kr gqvkA 1943 % U;k;kèkh'k egknso xksfoan jkuMs ds 10oha t;arh ds volj ij vè;{kh; Hkk"k.k fd;kA tks jkuMs xkaèkh vkSj ftUuk ds uke ls 15 ekpZ 1943 esa izdkf'kr gqvkA 1943 % bafM;u iQsMjs'ku vkWiQ yscj eqacbZ dh vksj ls MkWvEcsMdj dk lEeku 1944 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vf[ky fcfYMad VªLV ,oa vuqlwfpr tkfr fodkl VªLV dh LFkkiuk dhA 1944 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us vf[ky Hkkjrh; vuqlwfpr tkfr iQsMjs'ku dks eqca bZ ds ikjsy esa lacksfèr fd;k] tks ckn esa izdkf'kr gqvkA 1944 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh iqLrd ^dkaxl sz vkSj xkaèkhth us vNwrksa ds fy, D;k fd;k\ dks izdkf'kr djok;k rFkk f'keyk vfèkos'ku esa Hkkx fy;kA

^,d iztkrkaf=kd ljdkj ds fy, ,d iztkrkaf=kd lekt dk gksuk vko';d gS*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

47


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013 48

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad tqykbZ 23 vxLr 24 twu 9 vDVwcj

1944 % 1944 % 1945 % 1945 % 1946 %

vizSy ebZ

1946 % 1946 %

20 twu flracj

1946 % 1946 %

13vDVwcj 1946 %

1946 % 9 uoEcj 1946 % 2 ekpZ

1947 %

15 ekpZ

1947 %

29 vizSy 1947 %

15 vxLr 1947 %

29 vxLr 1947 % 30 vxLr 1947 % 21 iQjojh 1948 % 10 ekpZ

1948 %

15 vizSy 1948 % vDrwcj

1948 %

4 vDVwcj 1948 %

eaqcbZ esa ihiYl ,tqds'ku lkslk;Vh dh LFkkiuk dhA jkekLokeh uk;dj ls MkW- vEcsMdj dh HkasVA f'keyk lEesyu vkjaHkA vdksyk esa izkra h; 'ksM;wYM dkLV iQsMjs'ku dk vfèkos'ku lekIrA MkW- vEcsMdj us fczfV'k ikfyZ;kesaV ds le{k nfyr izfrfuèk ds :i esa lk{; izLrqr fd;sA eqca bZ esa fl¼kFkZ dkyst vkWiQ vkVZl ,aM lkbal [kksykA MkW- vEcsMdj th }kjk LFkkfir Hkkjr Hkw"k.k fizafVax izsl fgUnw vkSj nfyrksa ds chp Vdjko gksus ds dkj.k tyk fn;k x;kA fl¼kFkZ dkyst eas iBu izkjaHk gqvkA MkW- vEcsMdj th nfyrksa ds lqj{kk ij fczfV'k ljdkj ls cgl djus ds fy, y.Mu x;sA ftlds ckn esa dSfcusV fe'ku esa lqèkkj fd;k x;kA MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh iqLrd izdkf'kr dh ftlesa iwNk x;k Fkk fd 'kwnz dkSu Fks\ vkSj ;s vk;Z lekt esa prqFkZ o.kZ ds :i esa dSls vk x;s\ Hkkjrh; lafoèkku lHkk ds lnL; euksuhr fd;s x;sA MkW- vEcsMdj th lafoèkku lHkk esa igyh ckj Hkk"k.k nsrs gq, ,d Hkkjr vkSj etcwr Hkkjr ij cy fn;kA fiQjkstkckn] m-iz- esa 'ksM;wYM dkLV iQsMjs'ku dk okf"kZd vfèkos'kuA iqLrd jkT; vkSj vYila[;d izdkf'kr gqvk ftlesa bUgksua s Hkkjrh; jkT;ksa esa nfyr tkfr ds yksxksa dh leL;k lqj{kk rFkk mlds ekSfyd vfèkdkj dk o.kZu fd;k gSA lafoèkku ds vuqPNsn 17 esa vNwr 'kCn dks gVkus ds fy, ljnkj iVsy us lafoèkku lHkk esa izLrko j[kk ftls ikl dj fn;k x;kA Hkkjr ds Lora=krk dh izkfIrA Hkhejko vEcsMdj th eqacbZ dkaxzsl foèkkulHkk }kjk lafoèkku lHkk ds fy, pqus x;sA MkW- vEcsMdj th usg: th ds eaf=keaMy esa 'kkfey gq, rFkk Lora=k Hkkjr ds igys dkuwu ea=kh cusA lafoèkku lHkk us bUgsa fu;qDr fd;kA lafoèkku lHkk dk xBuA MkW- vEcsMdj th lafoèkku dk izk:i fy[kus ds fy, vè;{k fuokZfpr gq,A MkW- vEcsMdj th us Hkkjrh; x.kra=k ds fy, lafoèkku izk:i iwoZ:i esa rS;kj fd;kA ckck lkgc us ih- y{eh ujlw dh iqLrd cq¼ èkEe dk lkj dh Hkwfedk fy[khA MkW- vEcsMdj th us Jherh MkW- 'kjnk dchj ls fnYyh esa nwljh 'kknh dhA MkW- vEcsMdj th dh iqLrd n vuVpScy izdkf'kr gqbZA MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh ys[k egkjk"Vª ,d cgqHkk"kh jkT; dks èkkj vk;ksx ds le{k izLrqr fd;kA lafoèkku lHkk esa MkW- vEcsMdj th us lafoèkku izLrqr fd;kA

20 uoacj 1948 % lafoèkku lHkk uss vuqPNsn 17 ls vNwr 'kCn gVkus dk fu'p; dj fy;kA tuojh 1949 % dkuwu ea=kh ds :i esa gSnjkckn dh ;k=kk dhA\ 15 tuojh 1949 % eUen esa MkW- vEcsMdj th us fo'kky tulewg dks lacksfèkr fd;kA iz'kaldksa us bUgsa ,d ilZ HksaV fd;kA 21 tuojh 1949 % veaxkckn esa dkyst [kksyus lacaèkh ckrphr ds fy, #dsA blh flyflys esa bUgksua s vtark ,yksuk dh ;k=kk,a dhA ekpZ@ebZ 1949 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us dkyst ds dke dk LokLF; lacaèkh tkap ds fy, eqcbZ vk;sA 12 twu 1949 % MkW- vEcsMdj dh lar xkMls ckck ls HksaVA flrEcj 1949 % fnYyh esa MkW- vEcsMdj vkokl ij jk"Vªh; Lo;a lsod la?k ds izeq[k ekèkojko xksyokydj ls vEcsMdj dh cSBd gqbZA uoEcj 1949 % MkW- vEcsMdj th dkyst ds dke ls o LokLF; lacèa kh tkap ds fy, cacbZ x;sA 25 uoEcj 1949 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us lafoèkku lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA 26 uoEcj 1949 % lafoèkku lHkk us lafoèkku dks viuk;k rFkk LokLF; tkap ds fy, fiQj eqacbZ vk x;sdA\ 11 tuojh 1950% MkW- vEcsMdj th us fgUnw dksM fcy ds lacaèk esa fl¼kFkZ dkyst esa lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA 'kke dks ujsikdZ eSnku esa flYoj dkLiQsV bUgsa HksaV fd;k x;kA 26 tuojh 1950 % ckck lkgc MkW- vEcsMdj jfpr lafoèkku ykxA 2 ebZ 1950 % egkcksfèk lekt dh if=kdk esa MkW- vEcsMdj th dk ys[k Hkfo"; dk cq¼ èkeZ izdkf'kr gqvkA dydÙkk ds ;axeSu cqf¼LV ,slkfl,'ku dks bUgksaus lEcksfèkr fd;k rFkk fgUnw ukjh ds mRFkku vkSj iru ij O;k[;ku fd;kA fnYyh esa cq¼ t;arh ds volj ij cq¼ ds mins'k ij Hkk"k.k fn;kA 25 1950 % gSnjkckn esa fofèkea=kh MkW- vEcsMdj dk Hkk"k.kA 1 flracj 1950 % Hkkjr ds izFke jk"Vªifr MkW- jktsUnz izlkn us vkSjaxkckn esa fefyan egkfo|ky; dh vkèkkjf'kyk j[khA MkWvEcsMdj }kjk Hksts x;s Hkk"k.k dks i<+k x;kA fnlEcj 1950 % dksyacks esa vk;ksftr fo'o cqf¼LV lEesyu esa Hkkx ysus x;sA 5 iQjojh 1951 % laln esa dkuwu ea=kh ds :i esa MkW- vEcsMdj th us fgUnw dksM fcy is'k fd;kA 15 vizSy 1951 % fnYyh esa MkW- vEcsMdj us vEcsMdj Hkou dh vkèkkjf'kyk j[khA tqykbZ 1951 % MkW- vEcsMdj us Hkkjrh; ckS¼tula?k dh LFkkiuk dhA 9 flrEcj 1951 % iafMr usg: th }kjk laln esa fgUnw dksM fcy ds okil fy, tkus ds eqnn~ s ikj MkW- vEcsMdj us usg: eaf=keaMy ls bLrhiQk ns fn;kA fgUnw ukjh ds mRFkku vkSj iru uked iqLrd izdkf'kr gqbZA 19 flrEcj 1951 % laln esa fookg vkSj rykd ds eqn~ns ij cgl dh x;hA 27flrEcj 1951 % ckck lkgc dk fganw dksM fcy ikl u fd;s tkus ds fojksèk esa fofèkea=kh in ls R;kxi=kA

^eSa ckS¼ èkeZ dks Lohdkj djds ns'k ds izfr lcls cM+k midkj dj jgk gwa] ;g Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dk vizFkd vax gS*


flrEcj 1951 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us iqLrd cq¼ miklukiFk iw.kZ dhA 11vDVwcj 1951 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us eaf=keaMy ls Lo;a dks vyx fd;kA 26vDVwcj 1951 % n;kuan dkyst] tkyaèkj esa ckck lkgc dk izopuA 28vDVwcj 1951 % yqfèk;kuk] iatkc esa ckck lkgc pquko izpkj yqfèk;kuk esa fczfV'klZ us vNwrksa ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr fd;k fo"k; ij izopuA 29vDVwcj 1951 % ckck lkgc }kjk ifV;kyk esa pquko izpkjA 18 uoacj 1951 % eqacbZ v-tk- la?k vkSj iztk- lks- ikVhZ }kjk foDVksfj;k VfeZuy eqacbZ esa ckck lkgc dk HkO; LokxrA 25 uoacj 1951 % f'kokth ikdZ] eqacbZ esa ckck lkgc us nks yk[k dh lHkk dks lacksfèkr fd;kA tuojh 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj th izFke yksdlHkk pquko esa Jh ,l,l- dktjksydj ls ijkftr gks x;sA ekpZ 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj us jkT; lHkk ds lnL; ds :i esa laln esa eqacbZ dk izfrfufèkRo fd;kA 26 ebZ 1952 % ckck lkgc MkW- vEcsMdj dks dksyfa c;k fo'ofo|ky; }kjk lEeku ij ,l- jkèkkd`".ku }kjk cèkkbZA 1 twu 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj th eqacbZ ls U;w;kdZ jokuk gq,A 5 twu 1952 % vesfjdk ds dksyfa c;k ;wfuoflZVh us U;w;kdZ esa fof'k"V lekjksg vk;ksftr dj MkW- vEcsMdj th dks izfrf"Br fMxzh ,y-,y-Mh- iznku dhA 14 twu 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj th eqacbZ ds fy, jokuk gq,A 16 fnlacj 1952 % eqacbZ ds ,fYiQaLVu dkyst ds okf"kZd lkekftd lEesyu dks MkW- vEcsMdj th us lacksfèkr fd;kA 22fnlEcj 1952 % MkW- vEcsMdj th iwuk ds ckj dkSfly esa iztkra=k dh liQyrk ds fy, 'krZ ij O;k[;ku fd;kA 12 tuojh 1953 % mLekfu;k ;wfuoflZVh us MkW- vEcsMdj th dks izfrf"Br fMxzh ,y-,y-Mh- ls lEekfur fd;kA ekpZ 1953 % tokgjyky usg: us ljdkj }kjk laln esa vNwrksa ds fcy dks izLrqr fd;kA vizSy 1953 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us fonHkZ ds HkaMkjk fuokZpu {ks=k ds yksd lHkk ds fy, pquko yM+k] ysfdu dkaxzsl ds mEehnokj Jh cksjdj ls ijkftr gks x;sA ebZ 1953 % eqca bZ esa fl¼kFkZ dkyst vkWiQ dkWelZ ,.M bdksuksfeDl [kqykA fnlEcj 1953 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us eqacbZ fLFkr ^lar tsfo;lZ eSnku ikVsy esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; lkbZa HkDr lHkk* dk mn~?kkVu fd;kA 10 ebZ 1954 % ckck lkgc ds izFke ikS=k izdk'k vEcsMdj dk tUeA ebZ 1954 % cq¼ t;arh ds volj ij bUgksua s jaxuw dk Hkze.k fd;kA twu 1954 % eSlwj ds egkjktk us MkW- vEcsMdj th dks cSaxywj esa cqf¼LVksa ds fy, ikap ,dM+ Hkwfe nku nhA 5 flracj 1954 % ckck lkgc }kjk ljdkj dh vLi`'; lekt lacafèkr uhfr ij vkykspukRed Hkk"k.kA 16 flracj 1954 % MkW- vEcsMdj us vNwrksa ds fcy ij jkT;lHkk esa O;k[;ku fd;kA 3 vDVwcj 1954 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuk lan's k ^esjk O;fDrxr n'kZu* ij izlkfjr fd;kA

6 vDVwcj 1954 % ckck lkgc }kjk jkT; lHkk esa vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa dh leL;kvksa ij oDrO;A 29vDVwcj 1954 % eqacbZ izns'k vuqlwfpr tkfr iQsMjs'ku ds vè;{k Jh vkj-Mh- HkaMkjs us MkW- vEcsMdj th dks iqjkUnjs LVsfM;e] ukbZxke (eqacbZ) esa ,d yk[k vBkjg gtkj #i;s iQsMjs'ku dh rjiQ ls HksaV fd;sA fnlEcj 1954 % MkW- vEcsMdj th jaxuw esa vk;ksftr r`rh; fo'o ckS¼ lEesyu esa lfEefyr gq,A 3 vizSy 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us ^èkeZ vfuok;Z D;ksa* ij Hkk"k.k fn;kA 4 ebZ 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us ^Hkkjrh; ckS¼ egklHkk* dh LFkkiuk dhA vxLr 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us eqacbZ jkT; dfu"B xSj dkexjr ,lksf'k,'ku dk xBu fd;kA fnlEcj 1955 % Thoughts on Linguistic States uked iqLrd izdkf'kr gqbZA fnlEcj 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us iw.ks ds nsgw jksM esa Hkxoku cq¼ dh izfrek LFkkfir dhA\ 21fnlacj 1955 % fefyan egkfo|ky;] vkSjaxkckn esa ckck lkgc dk izopuA 27 fnlacj 1955 % MkW- vEcsMdj us jkT; vkSj dsUnz ljdkj ds vkj{k.k lacaèkh uhfr dds fojksèk esa Hkk"k.k fn;kA 4 iQjojh 1956 % ^izcq¼ Hkkjr* if=kdk vkjaHkA 21iQjojh 1956 % ckck lkgc dh ^ckS¼ iwtk ikB* iqLrd izdkf'krA iQjojh 1956 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh iqLrd ^n cq¼k ,aM fgt èkEek* vkSj ^fjoksY;w'ku ,aM dkmaVj fjoksY;w'ku bu ,ufl,aV bafM;k* iw.kZ fd;kA 15 ekpZ 1956 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us viuh iqLrd ^n cq¼k ,aM fgt èkEek* ds fy, Hkwfedk fy[khA 1 ebZ 1956 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us LVsVl ~ vkWiQ dkmafly esa cgqHkk"kh jkT; ds lacaèk esa O;k[;ku fd;kA MkW- vEcsMdj th dk Hkk"k.k ch-ch-lh- y.Mu ls 'kh"kZd ^OgkV vkbZ ykbd cqf¼Te* rFkk ^okW;l vkWiQ vesfjdk* ls ^n Ý;wpj vkWiQ bafM;u MseksØslh* izlkfjr gqvkA 24 ebZ 1956 % cq¼ t;arh ds lekiu volj ij MkW- vEcsMdj th eqacbZ ds ujs ikdZ esa lfEefyr gq, ftlesa eqacbZ ds eq[;ea=kh Jh oh-ds- [ksj eq[; vfrfFk FksA eqacbZ esa MkWvEcsMdj th dh ;g vafre ehfVax FkhA twu 1956 % eqacbZ esa fl¼kFkZ dkyst vkWiQ ykW [kqykA 11vDVwcj 1956 % fnYyh ls ukxiqj ds fy, jokukA 14vDVwcj 1956 % MkW- vEcsMdj th us ukxiqj nh{kkHkwfe esa vk;ksftr ,sfrgkfld lekjksg esa yk[kksa yksxksa ds lkFk cq¼ èkeZ viuk;kA ,l-lh-,iQ- rFkk fjifCydu ikVhZ dks [kRe djus dh ?kks"k.kk dhA MkW- vEcsMdj }kjk ^fn cq¼k ,aM fgt èkEek* dh dkWih izèkkuea=kh tokgjyky usg: dks HksaVA 16vDVwcj 1956 % ehjkrkbZ vEcs M dj us ba n q uked iq = kh dks tUe fn;kA 24 uoEcj 1956 % ckck lkgc dh lkjukFk ;k=kkA

^;fn jktuhfrK èkeZ dks ns'k ls Åapk ekusaxs] rks ns'k dh Lora=krk [krjs esa iM+ tk;sxh*

cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad

49


cs/M+d U;wt] vizSy] 2013

egkure Hkkjrh;] HkkjrjRu ije iwT; cksf/klRo ckck lkgsc MkW vEcsMdj t;arh dh 122 oha t;arh fo'ks"kkad 20 uoEcj 1956 % ^prqFkZ fo'o ckS¼ lEesyu dkBekaMw* esa vk;ksftr fd;k x;k ftldh vè;{krk MkW- vEcsMdj th us dh rFkk viuk izfl¼ oDrO; ^cq¼k ;k dkyZ ekDlZ* ij Hkk"k.k Hkh fn;kA 25 uoEcj 1956 % cukjl fo'ofo|ky; esa ckck lkgc dk izopuA 27 uoEcj 1956 % dkBekaMw ls ykSVrs gq, dq'khuxj dh ;k=kkA 30 uoEcj 1956 % fo'o ckS¼ lEesyu] ckck lkgc dkBekaMw ls fnYyh ykSVsA 1 fnlEcj 1956 % eFkqjk jksM fnYyh ij cq¼ izn'kZuh ns[kus x;sA

2 fnlEcj 1956 % ckck lkgc v'kksdk fe'ku] fnYyh esa ije ikou nykbZykyk ds vfHkuanu lekjksg esa mifLFkr gq,A 4 fnlEcj 1956 % jkT;lHkk dh dk;Zokgh esa mifLFkrA ,e-,e- tks'kh o vkpk;Z v=ks dks fjifCydu ikVhZ lacèa kh i=k fy[ksA 5 fnlEcj 1956 % tSu izfrfufèk eaMy ds lkFk ckck lkgc dh ckrphrA 6 fnlEcj 1956 % vius fuokl fnYyh fLFkr 26 vyhiqj jksM esa budk ifjfuokZ.k gks x;kA 7 fnlEcj 1956 % nknj pkSikVh esa budk vafre laLdkj fd;k x;k tks vc ^pSR;Hkwfe nknj eqacbZ* dgykrh gSA

50

czkã.kokn vkSj iwathokn ;s nks etnwjksa ds nq'eu gSa] D;ksafd ;s nksuksa lerk]Lora=krk rFkk ca/qRo ds fojQ¼ gSa


बेधड़क न्यूज़, वर्ष- 04, अंक- 03, 2013  

14 अप्रैल को ड़ा. अम्बेडकर विशेषांक ! बाबासाहेब डा.अम्बेडकर एक अत्यंत प्रखर देशभक्त और प्रबल राष्ट्रवादी थे। डा.अम्बेडकर ने कहा था कि दलितों...

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