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Copyright © 2021 by Becky Wilson All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information browsing, storage, or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Although this publication is designed to provide accurate information in regard to the subject matter covered, the publisher and the author assume no responsibility for errors, inaccuracies, omissions, or any other inconsistencies herein.


over a

century of

Girl Power written and illustrated by Becky Wilson


Women have achieved amazing things throughout history. Travel through time and meet just a few of these inspiring women and discover their incredible stories.

Here are the meanings of some of the words you will find in this book… Sexism When people are treated differently because of their gender

Discrimination When a group of people are treated differently and negatively to others

Racism When people are treated differently because of the colour of their skin or where they are from

Prejudice Judging someone or treating them differently because of a quality (like the colour of their skin)


Segregated When a person or group is separated from others because of a quality (like the colour of their skin) Activist Someone who believes in change and works to make things different Equal Rights When everyone is treated the same and has the same opportunities

Movement A series of acts leading to change Nobel Prize Prizes awarded for outstanding work in science, medicine, literature, economics, and peace


“W e mu s t b e l i e ve t h at Marie Sklodowska Curie was a scientist from Poland. Her work helped to find treatments for cancer that we still use today.

Marie won the Nobel Prize in 1903 with her husband Pierre. She won again in 1911 and is the only woman ever to win the prize twice!

NOBEL PRIZE


Marie and Pierre discovered 2 elements called radium and polonium. Everything in the world is made from elements. Finding a new one is really exciting!

Radium is very dangerous, but no one knew that in the 1900s. Marie’s notebooks are still radioactive today and cannot be touched.

we a re gif ted for something” Marie created a portable x-ray machine to help treat injured soldiers. X-ray machines take pictures of the inside of your body. Marie’s daughter and granddaughter also became scientists.


In Britain in the early 1910s, women were still not allowed to vote. A women only group was formed to fight for the right to vote. They were called the Suffragettes.

The name Suffragettes comes from the word Suffrage which means the right to vote.

VOTES for WOMEN EMMELINE

PAN KHUR ST

Emmeline founded the Suffragettes. They were known to break windows and set fires to draw attention to their cause. Many of the women, including Emmeline, spent time in jail for their actions.

SYLVIA

KHURST N PA Emmeline’s daughter Sylvia was also a Suffragette. She later left to start her own groups fighting against other issues outside of the right to vote.


In 1918, the vote was given to women over the age of 30 who owned property. In 1928, women won the same voting rights as men. Emmeline died just weeks before the new law passed.

No Vote, No Tax

CE

PRI N

SS

SO PH

TOBEL PANKHURST S I R CH Christobel helped lead the Suffragettes with her mother, Emmeline.

SIN IA P E DU LE

GH

In 1910, Princess Sophia led a 400 person march to parliament for women’s rights.

She also refused to pay taxes until women got the vote.


C ap G r i s - N e z , F

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ce

In 1926, Gertrude became the first woman to swim the English Channel. Many people thought it was too difficult for a woman but she proved them wrong when she was just 19 years old. Gertrude completed the swim from France to England in 14 hours and 31 minutes. This was 2 hours faster than the men’s record!

“Queen

She damaged her hearing during the swim and later became a swimming teacher for deaf children. er e wat h t s . li an c e nn e r a F h d C d an ish n l a g l n En g eE n e Th e ngland E tw , r e b ve

Do

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Waves”


100 years ago, women were not allowed to run long distance. But in 1926, Violet Piercy became recognised as the first woman to run a marathon. Violet’s run from Windsor to London was actually slightly less than a marathon, but her story inspired many women and got lots of attention.

ds or Win

Violet finished her run in 3 hours and 40 minutes. The unofficial record stood for 37 years.

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t ure “Adven hile hw is wort f” l in itse

an to rst wom fi e h t da e m Cana o rt becam r a f h g r a in E y an, fl , Amelia tes. ntic Oce a l In 1932 t A 1 minu 5 e h t d n s s a o cr urs fly solo a in 14 ho d n la e Ir e ern round th a y to North fl o t a nture ce is still an adve n a n r o a e ff p o p r disa , she set sing. He is In 1937 m t n e ut she w world. B today. mystery

g lannin p s a e aw Ameli d in Franc to lan nded in but la Ireland ern f North because o d s. a inste al problem ic techn


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Amy Johnson was the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia. She completed the journey in 1930, flying over places that were not even on the map yet (which was very dangerous)! Unlike today, when Amy flew, she had only very basic maps and no radio contact with anyone on the ground. Amy also went missing whilst flying and was never found.


During World War 2, the British government was working on a top secret mission… cracking a German code called Enigma. To do this, they needed the best mathematicians in the country.

is d at h an t t g s n er ethi nd a n en i g m a i s s o m u o ul t t diffic


a g Enigm Breakin ve ed to ha is believ ar ed the w shorten ars and by 2 ye ver 14 saved o lives. million

y like man , e k r la ed Joan C , was hir n e m o her other w ork. But w e c ffi nd to do o otted, a p s n o o as s be a talent w oted to m o r p s she wa aker. codebre to woman ly n o e s th aking Joan wa ode-bre c w e n us. use the burism n a B d calle at method the best f o e n o on She was en went v e e h S hod to using it. wn met o r e h t ster. to inven aking fa e r b e d make co

Crosswor ds in the newspap er were used to fi nd new code-bre akers.

This mac hin called a B e, ombe, wa s designed to speed up codebreaking .


In the 1950s, in many countries, black people still didn’t have equal rights and they were treated very badly. Buses were segregated, so black people were only allowed to sit at the back.

KS R A P A ROS sa

Ro er 1955, b m e c e fused On 1st D man, re o w k c bla Parks, a her seat to a p ted to give u She was arres an. white m ions inspired a act but her ent. movem


Never be fearful about what you are doing when it is right

Rosa’s arrest happened in Montgomery, USA. After that, many black people refused to use the buses for over a year. This was called the bus boycott. In 1956, the law changed to allow everyone to sit anywhere on the bus.

LVIN O C E T T E D U A L C CASE

IN BUS SEAT FOUND GUILTY

9 months before Rosa, 15 year old Claudette Colvin was arrested on her way home from school for not giving up her seat to a white person.


The 1960s were an exciting time for space travel. The first man walked on the moon in 1969. But it wasn’t just men g o i n g i n t o s p

ac

e...

VALENTINA TERESHKOVA The first woman in space In 1963, Valentina was launched on a solo mission into space. She was just 26 years old. 11 years later she became the first woman to go to space twice when she was launched on her second mission.


MARGARET HAMILTON NASA Software Engineer Margaret led one of the teams that helped design Apollo 11 (the rocket that landed on the moon)!

y” g et in a n o ’ r t w D a t l “ he et fe

KATHERINE JOHNSON NASA Mathematician (nicknamed the human computers) Katherine worked on many NASA missions, including Apollo 11. She had to overcome prejudice against both women and black people.

More women have been in space since Valentina Tereshkova, but none have walked on the moon… yet. NASA are planning to put a woman on the moon in 2024.


Billie Jean King is an American tennis legend. During her career she won 39 major tennis tournaments.

The National Tennis Stadium in New York is named after her.

She also campaigned for women to win equal prize money to men. In 2009 she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her work fighting for equality. In 1973, retired tennis player Bobby Riggs challenged Billie Jean to a man against woman tennis match. It was called the ‘Battle of the Sexes’ and Billie Jean won. This is the most watched tennis match in history with roughly 90 million people tuning in!


The 1980s was an important decade for women in art. A group of female artists formed the ‘Guerrilla Girls’ to protest against sexism and racism in the art world.

GEORGIA O’KEEFE America, 1887-1986 Georgia was known for painting close up flowers. With the help of assistants, she continued to create art in her 90s even when she was almost completely blind. The Guerrilla Girls hide their identities with gorilla masks!


Take a look at some female artists of the 1980s...

YAYOI KUSAMA Japan, 1929

JUDY CHICAGO America, 1939

CLEMENTINE HUNTER America, 1886/7-1988

Yayoi is best known for her sculptures and installations.

Judy is known for installations that often explore women’s roles in history.

Clementine never learnt to read or write, but she taught herself to paint. Her paintings showed her life working on a cotton field.


“W

om

en

be

lon

g in al l p laces

Ruth Bader Ginsburg was a lawyer and judge who fought for equal rights. She went to law school with her husband. When he became very ill, she went to his classes as well as her own.

Ruth graduated top of her class but it was difficult for her to get a job because she was a woman. When she did get a job she was paid less than the men she worked with.

There were only 9 women in Ruth’s class of 500 st udents.


d where

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In 1993, President Bill Clinton chose Ruth to be a Judge in the Supreme Court in America.

ng

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Ruth loved d fashion an had lots of e collars lik ar this to we obes. with her r


Professor Wangari Maathai spent her life helping the environment. In 1977 she started the Green Belt Movement which encouraged women to plant trees. In 2004 she became the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize. She was also voted into parliament in her home country, Kenya.


The Green Belt Movement has already planted over 50 million trees in Kenya and it is still going.


HABIBA GHRIBI Olympic Athlete Habiba was the first woman from Tunisia to win an Olympic medal.

JOSIE PEARSON Paralympian

HELENA LUCAS pic Sailor Paralym

Helena won Great Brit mpic sailing g ain’s fi Paraly old m rst e eda ver l.

The 2012 Olympics was the first time that every competing country had female athletes in their teams. It was also the first time that women were allowed to compete in every sport.

Josie broke the para-discus world record 3 times. She has also competed in wheelchair rugby!

EL Par LIE SI alym MMONDS Ell pic S i wimmer w e wo

n he n sh 2 Paralympic gold medals e w as just 13.


NICOLA ADAMS Olympic Boxer Nicola became the first women’s Olympic boxing champion.

HANNAH COCKCROFT Paralympic Athlete

IL L H IS NN hlete E t A SIC Hepta S E J c A Heptathlete mpi y l O

competes in 7 events over 2 days.

Hannah has won over 20 gold medals in wheelchair racing.


Whether young or old, you can make a difference in the world Lorna Prendergast Dementia Advocate

Every woman in the world can achieve whatever she has dreamed of Loza Abera Geinore Footballer

We, young people, are unstoppable Greta Thunberg Climate Activist


You are powerful and your voice matters Kamala Harris Vice President of USA

After years of fighting for rights and breaking boundaries, in the 2020s, women all over the world are doing amazing things across all fields of work. Once little girls can see it, little girls can be it. Because they can be anything that they want Amanda Gorman Poet & Activist

One child, one teacher, one pen, and one book can change the world Malala Yousafzai Activist


Over a century of Girl Power will take you on a journey to meet just a handful of women who have helped shape the world we live in today. Learn their stories through fascinating facts and beautiful illustrations, and discover how you can follow in the footsteps of these inspiring women and continue the journey into the future...

Profile for BeckyWilsonIllustration

Over a Century of Girl Power  

Over a Century of Girl Power will take you on a journey to meet just a handful of women who have helped shape the world we live in today. L...

Over a Century of Girl Power  

Over a Century of Girl Power will take you on a journey to meet just a handful of women who have helped shape the world we live in today. L...

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