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Establishing Professional Practice Week 1 2017 Paul Mitchell

Saving work: Work needs to be saved in out ‘F:/’ drive, so it is accessible and organised. Folders are made for each module within the F drive and then each week within that module folder so each piece of work is saved in the correct place and is easy to find. Work is not to be saved on the desktop as this will be wiped due to it being saved on the computer not our accounts. Our work can also be saved on a google drive account or on a pen drive so work can be accessed on any computer.

Screen shot; To copy what is present on our screens and put it in a document we can do two thing: 1- Use the print screen button on the keyboard (Prt Scrn) which captures the whole of the screen, then simply right click and paste to present this image. The screen shot can then be cropped and edited to show only what we need For example:

2- A snipping tool can also be used to instantly crop the section of the screen that we need. To find this go to seach and type in ‘snipping tool’. Once this has been pressed a cross curser will appear and you can drag a square that produces a red line around the shot on the screen that you need to copy. This takes a shorter amount of time as it is exactly the section of the screen that you need.

Shortcuts on the keyboard; Ctrl + Z

=Undo previous

Ctrl + Y

=Redo Previous

Ctrl + C


Ctrl + V


Ctrl + X


Ctrl + A

=Select All

Ctrl + S


Ctrl + B


Ctrl + U



=Save as

Ctrl + F4

=Closes Windows

Alt + Tab =Switch between different programmes open on the computer, making it easier to screen shot and make notes whilst working Photoshop Shortcuts

Ctrl +T

=Transform Tool – adjusts shapes

Annotating bubble; Insert – shapes – callout

To annotate a specific section on a picture or in a paragraph in your work, making it clear what you’re talking about

Idle Timer: An idle timer logs you out of the computer after a set amount of time as it thinks you’re ‘not there’. However if you are in a talk and not on your computer, listening to a lecturer for example, it will log you out; this may happen when you’ve not saved which can get rid of your work. To ensure this doesn’t happen, due to us being in quite long lectures, we are going to turn this programme off. To do this click Ctrl + Alt + Delete, click on the ‘Start Task Manager’ option. This brings up a list of tasks or programmes that are open

If you click on Programmes, one will say Idle Timer. To right click this and press ‘End Process’ to remove this programme from happening so we don’t have to worry about losing our documents without saving them.

Blackboard; To access our blackboard account there is a app on our desktop, sort of a shortcut to the website, that takes you straight there. Alternatively if you are not on a university computer you can access the website through a search engine. Then we use our log in details to access the website. Blackboard has all of our courses and modules on their specific to us; and any announcements course specific or from the university in general.

Through the University, we also have access to This is a resource website that gets set up through our blackboard account.

When going through the link, in red circle, this is how we set up our Lynda account. It set up our accounts linked to our blackboard account so was easy to set up. It is a learning platform with lots of different resources on with information about different lessons, useful to teach us more skills if we want them. Showing us videos on the information given to us. It is advised that we learn the basic/foundation levels of different courses such as photography and graphics so we have a basic understanding that will help us with our own course, as it is available to s for free.

Hiring out equipment: Within in university we have a hiring system for equipment so we can loan them for a few days and not have to purchase them ourselves. This allows us to use high quality equipment to get our projects done to the best of our ability. To do so we needed to create an account. This was done by searching in the top box,, this takes you to the home page where you can create an account using our university email address. Then we are able to be added to the system so we can hire out certain equipment when needed.

PDF; Saving documents as a PDF makes the file size smaller, easier to email and doesn’t take up as much space on the hard drive. To do this you ‘save as’ the document and go on the drop down box to select the PDF option.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 2 Paul Mitchell 2017

Issuu Issuu is a website that you can use to upload your PDF documents and create a sort of portfolio that is all in one place. This is how we will upload our work in the future. It is full of online magazines and portfolios of work from all sorts of different areas, ranging from interior design, to food magazines, fashion, gaming, etc.

We registered and made our own account so we are able to save magazines that interest us, and give us inspiration when we come to make our own portfolios. These are collected in a ‘stack’ that we can hold different categories of work into so we know where they are when we need a reference to a style of work that inspired us. I began to save magazines that address interior design, so I can see how they display their work.

We can find a portfolio form another user who have uploaded on this platform, we can flick through their portfolio and see what bodies of work they have created to see what we are able to do and see if we can get any ideas and inspiration for our own design work in the future.

Resolution; Screen resolution is 72 PPI (pixels per inch) When making a document on Photoshop we need to ensure that the PPI is increased to 300. This means that the work will be saved at a higher resolution, hence a better quality image will be produced. This is important for when we print off our work as it is high quality and not pixilated, to look more professional. Typical quality in different documents: Super photo quality Photo quality Magazine quality News Print Screen

– 1200 PPI – 600 PPI – 300 PPI – 150 PPI – 72 PPI

Paper Sizes A4 A3 A2 A1


297 420 594 841

x x x x

210 297 420 594

mm mm mm mm

Photoshop When opening a Photoshop document, to open the correct file, click ‘file’ then ‘new’

This then opens up a selection of options that you can choose to have your settings as.

For the opening page that we are creating we chose A4, so this was 210 x 297 mm @ 300ppi. This is a suitable resolution for the page we want to create, therefore if we need to print it will be a decent quality.

This opens up a blank page like so, which we can then start our work. We then went onto ‘image’ then ‘image size’ this showed us the details of the page, on of these is the dimensions, showing us the pixels. On the size we chose they were 2480 px x 3508 px.

Vitra Vitra is a furniture shop that also works with architecture, they are known for using interior designers work for their designs. We are using images from Vitra for our front cover, so we googled images. From earlier when we checked the amount of pixels on the page this allowed us to search specifically for the images with high resolution.

To do this we click on tools, then size, then scroll down to larger than, from here there is a selection of pixel sizes. We chose 6MP (2816 x 2112) This filtered the search so only high quality images were presented so we could choose the best ones. Here is an example of an image that was high enough resolution, it presents the quality of the image on the side in the image description to double check.

Photoshop short cuts -Alt + wheel on mouse = zoom in and out -Ctrl + T = transform -Shift + move corners = keeps the size of the image in proportion

To create a front cover we used the images from Vitra that appealed to us, saved them as the biggest version of the image. To get them into Photoshop, simply right click and ‘copy image’ then ‘ctrl + V’ to paste the image into it. Originally my image did not fit the page so I had to ‘Ctrl + T’ to bring up the transformation tool this allows you to adjust the sizes of the image and move it to get only what you want on the screen. I tried out some other images to see which one I preferred for my front cover;

To complete our front cover, we needed to add a title. To do this we clicked on the ‘T’ (Text) tool then added in the text required. We simply needed the year, our name and the course title. Then we moved the text around, changed the font, size and colour to what we desire it to look like.

After trying out different fonts and positions from the text we inputted, I decided on this design. I Chose this font as it was quite harsh and modern looking, that reflects the look of the building within the image. I also chose a blakc font as this was the clearest colour that would show up on the ckoudy sky, also because the font is quite thin, the origional grtey colour I had didn’t show up as well. We saved it as a regualr photoshop document and also needed to save it as a JPEG. To enable saving as aJPEG I needed to ‘flatten ‘ the image, this removed all the other layers I had open, from wghen I was trying different images and fonts. This removed the other files that I did not need and made the layers required a whole image.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 3 Paul Mitchell 2017

We are looking at creating a website/blog. To find inspiration before we start we are looking at a website called Within this website you can search through websites and filter your search to just look through specific ones. Today we are looking specifically at architecture websites. I found a collection of websites that I liked the look of and that I could see my work being produced in this style. I like how this website presented a large image that filled the screen and as you scrolled down a more simplistic view of each project came up allowing the visitor to manoeuvre their way around the website simply, but the view was still stylish. Within this website, on the left hand picture, I liked the effect the producer made. The images on the left seemed to scroll between each other like they were moving their way up the page. Alongside the right hand side of the image the colour remains the same and the writing simply slides up making it more entertaining to look through. At the bottom of the page they had an image of a room with hand writing explaining each thing. I really liked the effect of this I feel it gave it a personal touch like it would look in a sketchbook for example. I like how this one you can choose which section of the website you look through by the search bar. And the images are all conjoined and you can scroll through like the right hand side image, and there is always a way to contact in the bottom left hand corner.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 4 Paul Mitchell 2017

AutoCAD Vector based which uses raster images, this means they are images made up of pixels. A vector is a series of lines that have coordinates and are built up with equation. We can use these to zoom in to even 1000 times and the quality will be exactly the same, unlike the quality of say Photoshop or paint, etc. In these programmes the images/drawings zoomed up to 1000 would be pixelated.

Controls on AutoCAD - Scrolling the middle mouse button zooms in and out of the screen - Pressing down on the middle mouse button allows you to move around the screen - The escape button cancels any action that is happening, if you don’t want it to happen -Ctrl + A = select all -Ctrl + Z= undo The command bar at the bottom of the screen on CAD tells you what is happening on your screen, for the tool that you are using. It can be use to configure what is happening if something is going wrong also. AutoCAD, is used in mm only Ortho tool, stands for orthographic, allows you to draw at right angles, so the lines are perpendicular to each other. When you select you line tool, press F8 then this makes the lines automatically right angles. Osnap tool (F3), ctrl + right click, osnap setting, select all, take off nearest. The nearest section is not needed as it only collects the nearest line which can get annoying and isn’t needed all the time.

The selection marquee is constantly on the cursor when you haven’t selected on a specific tool, if you are unsure whether you are on another tool click escape. There are two ways to use the tool, to make a box shape you click the left mouse key one then drag to where you want it. Otherwise keep hold of the left mouse key and you can draw your own shape. The colour indicates you have dragged right to left, this means you have to select all of the line for it to be highlighted.

When you click left to right, the colour changes to green. With this version of the tool it selects the line or shape even if you have only drawn over a small section of it.

We then moved on to making an object such as a castle, quite simple to get us used to joining lines and working with the programme.

Next we moved onto something more closely linked to interior design. We were given the dimensions of a room floor plan and asked to draw it up on CAD. This taught us more about the measurements. When drawing a line we are able to type in the exact length and press enter this creates the line to that size so it is to scale to what we are drawing up. Once drawing the main dimensions we began to start adding in furniture such as tables, stools and benches.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 5 Paul Mitchell 2017 Continuing with AutoCAD Trim tool – TR, enter Cutting edge: select the item that you want as you cutting edge. For example if you wanted to cut the excess lines that go outside the circle, select the circle as the cutting edge. To do this click the trim tool in the tool box, click the circle so it lights up blue as so then click enter to remove the lines. Next the curser will come up with a red X when you click on the excess lines and it will remove all the items that lie outside of the circle (cutting edge) Finally click all of the lines you wish to remove them oppress enter and you are left with your shape.

I then tried some more complicated shapes and discovered that the lines have to be touching the cutting edge for the tool to remove them, they can’t just be outside of the shape. This is shown here: Also the cutting tool will not cut it if the line hasn’t fully intercepted the shape Shown here in the circle is the lines are within the cutting edge this tool will not work for this, to remove it you would simply click on the line and delete it like normal. You can also use the selection tool to remove several lines at once.

Off set tool – O, enter The offset copies lines, parallel to the existing. To do this enter O and press the offset option The set a distance in which you want the shape to be away from the existing shape, such as 100mm. Then select the item that you want to offset, it will then turn blue.

You are then able to duplicate your lines as many times as needed and they are an equal distance and parallel to each other. This can be useful in making wall thickness on floor plans etc.

We then worked from a sheet to draw up windows and a window frame unit to help us get to grips with the skills we had learn and practiced things we are more likely needing to know.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 6 Paul Mitchell 2017 Continue of AutoCAD Fillet (F) – it takes two lines and joins them, finding their point of intersection. It can also add a radius. Or the default joins to a point.

You can also alter the radius of the two lines and joins the line to a curve. In this example I typed 200 into the command bar at the bottom to create this curve.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 7 Paul Mitchell 2017 AutoCad continued

Layers 

   

Turn different layers on and off Make the items drawn on that layers disappear Using certain lines for measurements, but not wanting them to print This can be done by the lightbulb Colour on the lines Line thickness (weight) Line type, such as dash, dotted, straight Lock layers (through a padlock symbol)

After clicking on layer properties you can add a new layer by pressing on new layer. Then you can change colour, line thickness, etc.

We then practiced with layers by creating a house These had to include -the house -a circle window -windows -clouds -rain -an alien -ground floor -door -roof We created each thing on a different layers to practice using them and used different colours for each

We can open our files in a different tab called ‘Layout 1’ (this is at the bottom of the sheet, this opens up the page like so: To alter the page setting, to change the page size for example (so you are able to print) Right click on the tab at the bottom and click on page setting manager. You then click on the layer you want to alter and click modify.

To add in a title block for when computer work needs printing off, go to New, Sheetsets, Architectural metric and it will open.

Next, select the template, Ctrl C then Ctrl V on your layer 1 and the template will be on the same page as your work, ready to print off.

To create a view point on your sheet add in an object such as a normal circle or square. Click ‘MV’ in the keyboard and (MVIEW) will come up. Click this. Press object at the bottom of the screen rear the command box then select your object. Double click on the inside of the object and zoom in to the desired amount to showcase a specific bit of your work.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 8 Paul Mitchell 2017 AutoCad continued

Blocks A block is a group of objects, a group of objects that are stuck together. If one is altered then they all are Array tool – used to make multiple copies of the object. This enables us to make an array/series of copies. 1. Polar array, goes round a point 2. Rectangular array, can make the array in two axis 3. Along a line, this copies the object along a certain shape of line -F12 to turn on/off dynamic InputWe made a square with the rectangle tool, at 500 x 500. To move the lines in you click the corner and drag it in. Typing in 5o with the dynamic input tool on makes the whole line on the bottom 50. Whereas we want the line to go in from the outside by 50 so we use F12 to turn this function off.

We then used the fillet tool to corner off the shape, typing in a radius of 50. -F to get up the fillet tool -click radius and type in 50 -clock one side then the other to round the corner -and repeat with the other side

We have made a chair at plan view. To turn the chair into a block we us the ‘WBLOCK’ tool

Select the object setting Then click a point, select the middle of the base of the chair. Making sure osnap setting are correct so you can do this Next click select object and click on the whole of the chair and change the setting to ‘convert to block’ Finally ensure the object is saves in millimetres and then save in your area as ‘chair 500mm’.

To inset a block into a cad sheet: -click insert at the top -inset block -then the images come up for already made blocks.

We then are making a table, to make the table even: -draw a line from the top middle of the chair at 525mm -add in a circle from the top of the line at 500mm radius

Array Tool 1-Type in ‘ARRAY’ 2-Select the objects needed and enter 3-Select polar option 4-click in the centre of the circle




4. To create more tables, bigger with more chairs; re-create the table and chairs, I did on different layers and made different colours, and select the top to add in a different amount of objects

To now make a square/rectangle tables with chair we are using the ‘rectangle’ option on the array tool. To do this: -click array -select only the chair as an option -select the rectangle array tool -this then proves you with a selection of chairs

You can modify the amount of rows and columns that you have in the editing section at the top of the screen

You then modify the chairs to the right selection that you want them to be presented next to the table so you have them set up on one side of the table. To mirror this for the other side of the table; 1-type ‘Mi’ and select the mirror tool 2-select the object you wish to mirror 3-draw a line at the point of reflection you wish 4-enter and your mirrored object will appear


2. 3.


Editing a block We are going to add chair legs to the floor plan chair. To do this we need to double click on a single chair (the object that you want to edit) And it brings you up with a different coloured screen where you are bale to edit the block. Next we added in a circle at the back of the chair at 30mm radius. Then using the trim tool we cut off the middle sections it would be as you saw it from birds view. We then used the mirror tool to copy this shape onto the other side of the chair.

After we have done this we exit this part of the editing and save the changes to all of the chairs.

This then adds this edit to all of the chairs on the sheet.

We then added it into a title block to practice this.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 9 Paul Mitchell 2017 In week 9 we were given a file that had the dimensions of a floor plan. We planned out the ground floor and the first floor to test out the skills we had learnt on AutoCAD. We then exported them onto a different file setting with a white background so you could see it better and added a title block to one side to practice for submissions.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 10 Paul Mitchell 2017 AutoCad continued – Dimensions

Work in the paper space not the model space

Linear horizontal and vertical lines, Angular for corners or diagonal lines.

Ensure that the view point window is locked so when you add in lines, you are unable to accidently move the model; space and then the lines are unable to add up. To do this, select the model space border, right click, select display locked and then yes.

To modify the dimension, go onto the dimension style, (Click on the corner arrow at the bottom right on the dimension tab

- Change the extension from dim lines to 4 - Change the ‘offset from origin to 4 -Change the precision to 0.

When adding in the dimensions, ensure that the page is locked, then press the linear tool and drag from one line to another (the one you want to show the dimension for) then drag up to how far away from the drawing you want it. You can either do this method for each line, or if you have a straight line of dimension, oppress continue at the top next to the linear line and this will allow you to keep clicking on the lines and they will measure automatically, this is a lot quicker.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 11 Paul Mitchell 2017 AutoCad continued – Isometrics An isometric is a 3d view of an object, drawn on a 2d platform. It is a 3d drawing with no perspective. The image has parallel projection. To open up the setting on autocad to be able to draw in anisometric form, first of all right click on the grid button at the bottom of the page and select grid settings. Next select the isometric grid on the setting pop up, and the page layout will change so the background of the programme will be susceptible to draw isometric drawings on.

The background now looks like this: you can change the angle of the isometric lines by pressing F5 whilst on the programme.

We then began to draw a shape from a work sheet. This had all the measurements on it for us to play around in the new setting and see if we were able to figure it out. I began by making the outside lines but multiplying the measurements by 10 so the shape was a bit bigger.

I felt this went quite successful.

Now we need to add in the circle in the middle. To do this you first add construction lines, this is where the middle for the circle will be. I drew straight lines from these two points and where they met would me the middle of my circle. To make this easier to see I removed the lines that you would not be able to see if it was an actual 3d object.

To add in the circle you need to use the ellipse tool by typing el and clicking this tool. At the bottom of the screen press the isocircle option so it will create a circle from the centre point. This produces the circle at an angle so it is in line with the rest of the image. To copy the circle onto the other side of the object, first add construction lines on the other side of the shape then, press on the original circle, copy selection and click the middle of the circle then to copy press in the middle of the other middle of construction lines.

To create perspective lines on the drawing add a new layer and colour the lines differently so you can see what should be able to be seen and what lines are there but unable to see from that specific angle.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 12 Paul Mitchell 2017 AutoCad continued – Adding in images To add in an image into AutoCad save the image that is required onto your desktop. Then open up Cad programme, -insert -attatch -desktop -select image

This can then be used to draw from, as a reference point.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 13 Paul Mitchell 2017 Introduction to sketch-up 3D geometry: Point – vertices / vert Line – edge 2d shape – face In 3d space everything is built out of triangles. 3d axis, similar to AutoCAD how the axis were in the bottom corner, the difference in sketch-up is that the axis are in three different directions. How do we change our view? To pan, press the left button and middle button on the mouse, hold down together. (press the middle first then the left) you can also shift and middle button. To zoom, scroll middle button in and out. To orbit (to be able to stand in one space and look around) press the middle button. Rectangle tool, short cut = ‘r’ Opening up sketch-up, you need to select a template, you must select the template in mm. Firstly, save the document onto the computer or flash drive etc.

We began by practicing using the rectangle tool to be able to put them on different axis.

The blue and white colour indicates the internal and external face. The external is white and the internal is blue.

1- Extruding objects Take the rectangle and use the push/pull tool, (short cut = ‘p’). A little arrow will appear and move over object and can extrude it up.

2- Rectangle to size Press the rectangle tool ‘r’ then input the dimensions you want the shape to be. The dimensions will type in the bottom right hand corner, for example 1000,1000 (must have a comma in between the numbers) then press enter.

You can then create objects/models like this:

Groups these are able to collect things together, to protect them. Stage one – how to group Select the objects by left clicking and dragging a box over the whole of the object and right click and press ‘make group’. Stage two – editing a group double click the group. It will only let you edit that particular group. To exit click outside the group. To move objects, short cut = ‘m’ select the grouped object and move to desired place. Select tool, short cut = space bar.

Manipulation techniques: We began with making 20 1000x1000x1000 cubes from the skills we just learnt and setting them side by side. We are going to manipulate each object into something different o practice the tools.

To manipulate an object, double click to go inside of the object. Then manipulate the object by selecting a side, moving that object with the move tool, then go back to the select tool and click outside of the object to save the change in the piece.

Next we used our skills learnt in this session and put them to use making a specific object, such as a castle.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 14 Paul Mitchell 2017

Sketch-up We began by making a house 1- To do this we drew two rectangles 2- Then erased the line in-between to make it into one shape 3- Then we grouped the shape together as this is important and pulled the shape into a 3d shape 4- Then we drew construction lines onto the top of the shape and then grouped everything together as one 5- Then selected the two middle lines and used the move tool to pull them upwards to create a roof

2) 1)

3) 4)


Offset shortcut = f To offset on the house you can create a ridge to look like a more structured roof. 1- First select the face of the shape you want to offset, press (f) the draw a line from the outside of the shape to the distance you want. 2- Then re angle your screen and use the push/pull tool to drag that selected section up 3- You can do this more than once to create multiple layers.



Making a chess board: To make each square using the dimension 1000x1000x300, ensuring each one is grouped To ensure when moving the shapes together they join up properly use the move tool and select the corner you are joining with another this means it will snap in effect to the other corner so you match up properly. To colour the pieces select the top then use the short cut (B) then select the colours at the top

To copy a select them all, press on the move tool, press control and then move the object this will create a copy and move the copied one away to the desired place.


To create an extrusion along a path, use the follow me tool. T=

Establishing Professional Practice Week 15 Paul Mitchell 2017

Sketch-up To start in this session we began by refreshing our minds from last week and made a small house, pulling up the roof from the lines.

We are going to learn how to make a different style of roof First of all we copied a floor plan for the base of the house and drew a line through the midpoint of the front section. Then drawing a rectangle vertical so it was on a different axis. This would then be sued to draw (with the arc tool) a rigid shape. We then used this shape and used the follow me tool make the shape go round the whole of the floor plan, making a roof. Then simply put in on top of a house shape.

Multiple copy, copy tool extension Have an object use the move tool to make a copy. To make a copy select an object, use the move tool to begin moving it and then press the ctrl key, then click to okay the position set. Type X into the keyboard then number (e.g. x10 which will make 10 copies of the object) – at this point do no touch the mouse.

Components, extension group tool Begin with an object and make it into a group. When you copy the object whilst it’s grouped, the copies will be two independent objects. Turning the object into a component when you copy it, changing something on one shape will occur on the other ones also. To make a component right click in the object and make it into a component, similar to how you make a group.

We are now going to try and make a set of stairs. To build the first step, build a block that is 2000x250x160. Next make this shape a component, then copy is and use the multiple copy to make a stair case. Now as each shape is a component you can click into one specific shape and make changes to this which will then change the others on the stair case. I am first going to add in a curve on the edge of each step, to do this you need to draw an arc on the edge, then use the push/pull tool to push it out and this effectively gets rid of the shape.

I next used the offset tool, and pushed a hole through the middle of the stairs to make them more stylish. Then I cut the bottom off the stairs.

I began to make the handle rail, I started with editing one section of the stairs, and this as I said will then make it occur to all of the others. I began by simply drawing a straight line upwards. Then adding two lines at the top. Next I used the pentagon tool alongside the follow me tool to make the poles going up a pentagon 3d shape. Next I off-setted the shape I made at the stop and was able to then delete the middle shape that I had made to add more decoration. Next I added another line with that line tool at the top and drew another pentagon flat against it and used the follow me tool to add into the handle rail.

I then used colours that are pre-installed to add texture to my stair case.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 16 Paul Mitchell 2017

Sketch-up Making another set of stairs to practice skills from last week. I want to make my stairs different by adding a curve to the edge. I have drawn one edge shown on the right, and I want to mirror this to the other side. I do this by copying this section, using the scale tool to flip the copied piece over, then I can simply drag this piece back over the top so it will be flipped over.

I then did this technique on a bigger scale to copy the handrail on my stair case to the other side. I placed one on top of the other, however this would mean I have two objects on top of each other. So I then had to cut my stair case in half, copy then scale mirror it this way. Even though this does create a line in the middle of the piece where the two sections have joint together.

Spiral staircase Polygon tool. When pressing on the polygon tool a number of sides will come up in the bottom right corner. At this point without drawing anything select the amount of sides you want. For spiral staircases normally 16 is easy to work with. Set the radius to 1000mm. then draw a staight tline through the shape and create a segemnt.

Then erase the rest and create that one segment as a component. Then use the rotate tool, draw a line from the inner point to the bottom right point and begin to drag. Whilst dragging select control so you are able to copy the shape. After letting go type ‘x15’ in the keyboard and this will multiply the shape.

We then took the polygon and raised the whole thing by 160mm. (1) Then copy and controlled to copy the element on top on the first, then x15 to duplicate the copy. (2) Next we kept hold of the control tool and selected to the right up on each layer up. (3) Finally copied and controlled to duplicate just this selection and drag it to the side, creating your spiral stairs.(4)


(4) (2)

As it is a component stair cases are easily addable. (5)



Then using tools such as, arc, push pull, offset and colour you can decorate the stairs how you want.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 17 Paul Mitchell 2017

Sketch-up – X-Factor Set Begin with saving images and a sketch up model of the space we are going to create. TO begin open up a new sketch up file. To add in the floor plan (as an image) press file then import. You need to select a different setting such as JPEG to find the image within your documents. This then opens up the image onto the floor of your sketch up. To scale the image we drew a line with the tape measure tool from 0-100m on the image. Then typed in 100,000 which equates to 100m in mm. this then enlarged the image to the correct size and we can now work on top. View – face style – x-ray, makes the image go greyer and easier to work on top of.

We next drew over the outside wall on the floor plan and off-setted this the width of the wall. To then use the pull tool to make it the height of what the wall would be.

We are going to next make the set chairs. To do this make a quarter of the size of the total chair, add in a corner shape. Then using the scale tool after copying the shape flip the image then put it together to make a chair with a curved edge.

Repeating this step again to create the full chair, flipping the first half backwards.

I put the chair pieces together and angled one of the pieces back to create an angled chair back. I then pulled the two pieces back to create a depth to them. To then finally adding a bottom to the chair for them to stand on. I next grouped this chair and copied 5 in a row for the set chairs. I made this a component as the 5 chairs so I could copy them upwards on the stand for the chairs so if I needed to make any changes to the chairs they would all change.

I made straight panels going across to sit the chairs on, copied them upwards to a certain level to make a sort of layered formation. I then matched up a staircase I made on the left hand side of the set of chairs and this would be how people got up. I only made one section of this and copied this selection upwards on each level. The chairs will then sit on top of each level on both sides.

For the next stage of this stage set, I am going to make the judges panel and their chairs. I exploded the chair group so I could move each Indi dual one further away than the ones in the stands are. I created a base, off-setted this and then pulled it up to create a layered platform. I then used common shapes to make a judges table.

To import an image as atexture youneed to have the image saved, them file – import: then select your image but need to sleect the texture button.

Move the image on the surface (must be flat) to the size you want it and the tool will repeat it throughout the object face you have selected. Then you can use the eye drop tool to copy the image and paste it onto a curved surface. I used this to copy the x-factor image onto the judges table and screen beh ind.

Establishing Professional Practice Week 18 Paul Mitchell 2017

Intersecting faces This tool is for when you have a curved edge but want to make a shaped hole through the middle. As simply pushing and pulling the shape will not work unless it is a flat face. We started by making a cylinder and another that we are going to intersect into this current shape. Then put the shape through it where you want the hole to go through. Next you need to slect al the objects and right clock, go to intersect faces and then with model

You can then select the edges of the intersecting object and cut off both sides. Then you are able to select both faces that intersect and delete them also. Creating a hole in the object.

Using solid tools

Begin by re making two objects that you are going to intersect We are now going to use the different tools in the toolbar to see their results. Using the same shape on the right for each tool.

Starting with the first tool in the bar, this is the ‘Outer shell’ tool. You start by selecting number 1 shape and then number 2. When you have selected both press enter and it connects all the shapes together in one group, this removes all inner details.

The second tool in the bar is the ‘intersect’ tool. Similar to the outer shell you select object one and then two. After entering this you are left with the shape in the middle.

The third one is a ‘union’ tool. This joins the two shapes similar the outer shell tool, but with this choice is keeps all the interior details. Therefore if you needed to show the group in x-ray mode you could see each detail. Again you select the two objects and in joins them after entering.

The next tool is the subtract tool. It subtracts the first solid from the second. After select which object you want to subject it has two different outcomes.

The next tool is the ‘trim’ tool. This trims the first object against the second. It basically adds a line onto the side of the shape we have intersected into the other.

The final tool is the ‘spli’ tool. This makes the object sperate pieces and have the ability top move them away from each other in sections.

We are now going to try another version of intersecting shapes. This time using 3d panels and intersecting letters into it. To make this shape I made a base panel, deleted the lines and then used the move and copy tool using x8 to copy the piece multiple times. After this I deleted the conjoining lines and then pulled up.

Then add in the text tool of any word and intersect the word into the shape we’ve just made. Then use the subtract tool to get the letters to indent into the shape.

Layout Save your work go on view, then animation, and add scene Then open up the views tool bar Scenes name scene right click on screen add a scene change camera to parallel projection mode - gives you a flat view Raster to a vector sketch-up model, view, raster only parallel camera shot for it to work

Establishing Professional Practice Week 19 Paul Mitchell 2017 Making a landscape in sketchup

Firstly open up the sandbox tool box in the tools we have available. Then open up the ‘from scratch tool’. Ensure that the grid spacing in set to 3000mm and then draw a plane.

Next click into the space and use the ‘smoove’ tool. This allows you to drag up the plane up and down to make an uneven surface.

You can also change the radius of the circle you use to pull the space up or down. Click the ‘smoove’ tool then type the radius in to change the size of the space.

Next to try using contour lines to make a uneven surface we began by drawing a rectangle. Then drawing a shape with the freehand tool within it and the 2 more within them.

Then delete the spaces in-between the lines by simply clicking and then deleting the space.

When it looks like this without any blue lines make sure there are no smaller section that have intersecting as you want be able to pull the lines up. Delete these first.

To lock the move tool to the blue axis and move it up or down click the up button and space then as even as you can by pulling them up like this.

Then to create the surface all you need to do it highlight all of the lines you’ve created, then click the ‘from contour button and it will attach all the lines together to make this sort of hill figure.

To make a river in the space we first made a conrtoured pane with a space in the middle where we wanted to put the river.

Then make a rectangle above the space in approximately the same size and then draws in the shape of the river and where about on the pane you want it to sit.

Then delete the outer edges of the rectangle and just leave yourself with the river shape. To make the river shape a group simply triple click it and right click it make group. I could not drag over the piece as it would have selected the pane underneath.

Now select the river shape and select the ‘stamp tool on the sandbox toolbar and then click the pane. This will allow you to stamp in the shape you have made into the landscape and this will look like a river indented into the landscape.

To make it look, more like a river simply add colour in that part.

To increase the size of the texture on the space go onto edit in the right hand side of the selecting colour. You can then enter a larger size such as 20,000 into both columns and it shows more obviously the texture of the colour.

To add in a tree to our landscape first of all go to google image search and type in PNG tree. Then go onto settings, advanced search and then go down to file settings and choose PNG files. A PGN file has a transparent background so you can us it with just the model as it is.

Then when you are on sketchup go to file, import them image and select it.

To make the tree face the camera at all times, import the tree as normal, make sure it is flat on the horizon, scale to the correct size, right click on the image and then explode the tree.

It will get rid of the layer of information, then turn it back into a component; by simply right clicking and press component, and select ‘always face camera’ then create.


EPP Digital  
EPP Digital