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Why do Wrinkles Occur? As we get older there are certain elements in our skin that do not perform as efficiently as when we were younger. The deeper layer of the skin is called the dermis and it contains elastin and collagen fibres which are long chains of proteins. The collagen fibres form the internal framework of the skin whilst the elastin fibres allow the skin to resume its original shape after being distorted by movement. The rate of collagen and elastin production decreases as we age and the fibres that are present become less organized leading to a loss of elasticity and skin tone. Increased collagen breakdown also occurs and this is a result of exposure to the UVA and UVB radiation that we absorb through sunlight. Wrinkles also occur because there is decreased moisture in the skin in both the dermis and epidermis. The epidermis is the outer layer of the skin and it is composed of layers of keratin cells. As the keratin cells move closer to the surface of the skin they naturally lose moisture until they flake off as dead skin cells. This is a normal process of the skin and the skin renews itself naturally every few days. As we age this renewal cycle slows down and the turnover of keratin cells slows down leading to the dried out keratin cells remaining on the skin's surface for longer and making our skin look drier. In the inner layer of the skin the production of hyaluronic acid is also decreased. Hyaluronic acid is a molecule within the dermis of the skin whose function is to increase the amount of water molecules held within the skin. If there is less hyaluronic acid then there is a reduction in the skin's capacity for water storage. This means that less moisture is held within the skin also leading to a drier older looking complexion. Free radicals also cause much damage to the skin. The major creator of free radicals is the UV radiation that we are exposed to from sunlight. Other forms of radiation can also cause free radical formation as can environmental toxins (pollution) and cigarette smoke. What is a Free Radical? A free radical is basically a molecule that has an unpaired electron. It forms as a result of the process called oxidation which is simply the chemical reaction that occurs when something combines with oxygen. Let's just take a step back to basic chemistry if this is all a little too confusing. The human body consists of many billions of cells. The cells are of many different types depending on where they are found within the body. Within the cells are compounds called molecules which

are a combination of the smaller building block, atoms. Within atoms are a nucleus (containing protons and neutrons) and electrons. The electrons are negatively charged particles that circle the central nucleus of the atom. The electrons like to travel in pairs but during the process of oxidation one electron is lost leaving a lonely, single, unpaired electron. Any molecule or atom containing an unpaired electron is called a free radical. Free radicals don't like to have a lonely electron so they steal one from the nearest stable atom setting off a chain reaction. The effect of free radical formation within cells causes abnormalities in the function of the cell membrane and also within the cell itself vital enzymes and DNA can also be damaged. The physical signs that we see on our skin as a result of free radical formation are fine lines, wrinkles, discoloration and sagging. How does an Anti Oxidant work? Substances with anti oxidant properties find free radicals and give them an electron so that there is no longer an unpaired electron. Without a lonely electron the molecule becomes stable again and won't cause any more damage to delicate cellular structures. What are the common Anti Oxidants? Anti oxidant compounds that we are all familiar with are things like Vitamin C, Vitamin A and Vitamin E. Coenzyme Q10 is also a powerful anti oxidant. Green tea also has high anti oxidant activity. Oxidation and free radical formation is not a process restricted to the skin. It happens throughout our bodies and is also the cause of many of the diseases that increase in frequency as we get older like atherosclerosis and cancer. Although all of these anti oxidants have high activity against free radicals not all of them are effective on the skin in the commonly known formulations. For example drinking green tea is certainly beneficial for your health but washing your face with it won't decrease that amount of wrinkles that you have. Which Anti Oxidants are useful in an Anti Wrinkle Cream? So you need to had the right anti oxidants in your anti wrinkle skin cream. The anti oxidants need to be in a high enough concentration to be effective and also need to be easily absorbed through the skin. A synthetic form of Coenzyme Q10 - Idebenone has been found to be effective topically. It helps to soften wrinkles and fine lines. Idebenone also increases skin moisture.

Vitamin E is more readily absorbed through the skin when it is delivered to the skin in a special carrier molecule called a nano particle. Synthetic Vitamin C is known as Ascorbyl Palmitate. In this form it is more readily absorbed through the skin than as the original Vitamin C. Retinol is a common ingredient in antiwrinkle creams for good reason. It is a synthetic derivative of Vitamin A. It has high anti oxidant activity and give the skin a feeling of smoothness, evening out skin tones. I hope this information helps you find an anti wrinkle skin cream with active ingredients because there is no point in spending your hard earned cash on a product that just won't work or even worse actually causes your skin to become more damaged. Being educated about the problem and the solution that you need is the key to making a good buying decision.

Take a look at this anti wrinkle skin cream it has all of the anti oxidants discussed in this article in an effective formulation with high concentrations of active ingredients. Also available at is a free report that you can download containing information on other ingredients also required in an anti wrinkle cream to ensure it is effective.

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Why Must a Good Anti Wrinkle Cream Contain the Right Anti Oxidants.txt  

Free radicals also cause much damage to the skin. The major creator of free radicals is the UV radiation that we are exposed to from sunligh...

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