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Rosemary is the dried leaves of the evergreen Rosmarinus officinalis, its name is from the Latin word rosmarinus, which is derived from 'dew' (ros) and 'sea' (marinus), or 'dew of the sea'. Native to the Mediterranean region it is a small perennial shrub of the mint family. It can grow as tall as 5 ft, producing strongly scented, leathery leaves used in perfumes and seasonings. It's wellknown as an aromatic, low-growing shrub, with spiky, dark green leaves and clusters of small pale, blue flowers. Rosemary, like lavender probably found its way to Europe and Britain from the Middle East by way of the Moors and King Richard's returning crusaders and is one of the oldest and most recognizable herbs. Highly prized by people around the world for its medicinal, culinary, decorative and cosmetic uses, it is one of the more famous herbs.   Rosemary is a versatile shrub with many uses including cooking, medicinal & craft, it's also gaining popularity as just a shrub in the garden or clipped into a formal topiary shape to give your herb garden some class. It is slow to germinate and grow from seed so it is best to buy plants or propagate rosemary from stem cuttings. The three fundamentals for successfully growing rosemary are: sun, good drainage and good air circulation. It requires at least 4 hours of direct sunlight a day but will tolerate semi-shade. Rosemary requires very little care throughout the year and is said to thrive on neglect. It doesn't need much fertilising (just a bit of slow-release fertiliser once a year is enough) and doesn't like too much fertiliser. It prefers a light soil; sandy soil will fully satisfy its meager feeding needs. This plant is also well able to withstand drought conditions. Rosemary doesn't like to have its roots disturbed so leave as much of the root ball undisturbed as possible if you are going to transplant. This herb is a popular companion for cabbage, broccoli and related crops as well as carrots and onions and if you are growing rosemary on a windowsill, turn regularly to ensure every side receives light.  Rosemary is a herb of the mint family and is traditionally used with lamb but also goes well with pork. It also makes a fresh and flavoursome marinade for meats and oily fish together with olive oil, garlic and lemon juice. It can be added to the cooking water to enliven cauliflower, potatoes, green beans, and peas and enhances tomatoes, spinach, peas, mushrooms, squash, cheese, eggs and lentils. It also complements the herbs chives, thyme, chervil, parsley and bay in recipes, also enlivens lighter fish and poultry dishes, tomato sauces, and vegetables. It has one of those distinctive, strong flavours that convinces the palate that herbs aren't just delicate things reserved for dainty soups and sprinkling on baby vegetables. It has a strong flavour so use sparingly and can be kept in the fridge for a few days either in plastic bags or with the stems immersed in water. You might also want to try it for adding flavour to fruit salads and

jellies.  Rosemary is reputed to be one of the best general tonics as well as having stimulating effects on brain activity and blood flow to the brain. It also has calming effects by working against fatigue, sadness, anxiety, calming muscle soreness, digestive pains and also, indigestion caused by stress. Consumption improves digestion, fights against obesity, liver diseases, gastritis, cholesterolemia, bronchial asthma, edemas, and adjusts fast heart beats caused especially by irritability, coffee or tobacco excess.  Here are some other benefits commonly attributed to Rosemary: Tincture of Rosemary is used for sprains, swelling (articular or ankle swelling), rheumatism and torticolis.  Is a circulatory and nerve stimulant, which is also effective for de-stressing.  Useful for flatulent dyspepsia, headache or depression associated with debility. Considered a rejuvenating skin toner.  Can be used as an anti-septic gargle for sore throat, gum ailments, canker sores and as a breath freshener.  Rosemary tea is used to combat headaches, nervous complaints and colds. Helps to relax the muscles of the digestive tract and uterus.  Has the ability to prevent cancer, helps enhance the functioning of the liver and improves the functioning of the kidney.  Has the ability to block the hormone oestrogen, the imbalance of which causes breast cancer.  Rosemary extracts possess the ability to inactivate toxins and then eliminate them from the liver, before they can cause any serious damage. Helps combat the effects of water retention. Known to be good for the hair and scalp. Just a few more facts for you: Rosemary oil adds a pleasant piny scent to soaps, creams, lotions, perfumes, and toilet waters.  Rosemary shoots are used to produce essential oil Rosemary is often associated with remembrance, and was worn by Greek scholars when they

were taking examinations as well as by those at a funeral to remember the decease Antioxidant properties are still used to extend the shelf life of prepared foods. Rosemary tea is made by pouring 1 cup of boiling water into a cup containing 1 teaspoon of the dried leaves. Rosemary tea should not be taken by pregnant or lactating women, although they may safely use it in cooking to season food.

Hi, Felicity here. I've been a keen gardener for as long as I can remember and love to cook with different herbs. After experimenting for many years growing herbs I have finally written down what I've learnt, which I hope will help others. To learn how you can grow your own herbs visit Successful Herb Gardening today and purchase a copy of my book: Source:

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Growing Herbs - Rosemary.txt  

Rosemary, like lavender probably found its way to Europe and Britain from the Middle East by way of the Moors and King Richard's returning c...