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CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

THE SOLAR SYSTEM AND THE EARTH

DICTIONARY


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

ASTEROID

It's a comet, and also a rocky body, carbonaceous or metal. It's smaller than a planet and bigger than a meteorite.

Rosa G., 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

ASTEROID BELT

The asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter is a region of 550 million km with over 18,000 orbiting asteroids. Some asteroids even have orbiting satellites around them. The spacecrafts that have sailed through the asteroid belt have shown that the distances between each other are enormous. A theory says that it was formed by the destruction of a small planet. Another theory says that was formed with the rest of the Solar System. Nuria, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

ATMOSPHERE

The atmosphere is a gaseous cap that wraps the Earth. This is formed by a mixture of gases, particles of powder and water. It has several cap: the troposphere and the stratosphere.

Lucía, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

CLOUDS

They are mass of small droplets of water in the hydrosphere. The have different colours: black, grey or pink. They have different forms too.

Gabriel, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

COMET

A comet is a lump of ice and rock. The comets are into the Oort cloud, in the limit of the Solar System. When some of them escapes , it comes into the Solar System. Its central part is the core and the light behind it is the tail. The sun evaporates the ice and creates what we call tail. Gema, 5º B and María, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

DAY

It is time that the land used in a spin on itself.

Raúl, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

EARTH

The Earth has got conditions that favour the existence of living being. This conditions are: a temperature approximate on its surface of fifteen degrees, an atmosphere with oxygen, and the presence of water in form: solid, liquid, fizzy.

Román, 5º B and Laura, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

FOUNTAIN

It's a spring water that flows through the land.

Isabel, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

LAKES

They are freshwater bodies that accumulate on the ground. It's an important liquid part in the Earth. A famous lake in the Earth is Loch Ness.

David, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

MARS

Mars is the fourth planet in the Solar System. It's called “the red planet” as the iron oxide on its. It's got a thin atmosphere and a surface with volcanoes, valleys, deserts and polar ice caps like the Earth. The rotational period and seasonal cycles of Mars are similar to the Earth. Antonio, 5º B and Nerea, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

MERCURY

It's the smaller of the inner planets. It hasn't got atmosphere or satellites, and it's the closest to the Sun.

Mª José, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

MOON

The Moon is a satellite of the Earth. Its diameter is 3.5 times smaller than our planet. It has got two types of movement: rotation motion and translation motion.

Raúl, 5º B and Pedro, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

OCEANS

They are big mass of salt water. In the Earth there are five oceans: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Antartic and Artic oceans.

Mario, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

PLANET

They are stars that haven´t got light. They turn around themselves and round the Sun. Some of them can have a satellite. They can be hot or cold. María G., 5º B and Ana, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

ROTATIONAL MOTION

It's an Earth's movement around its axis. The time that the Earth takes in a full turn is 24 hours. This movement causes days and nights.

Jesús, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

SATELLITES

They are stars that haven't got light. The satellites turn around the planets and their shaft. They are smaller than the planets. The Moon is the satellite of the Earth.

Mario, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

SATURN

It's a planet of the Solar System. It has got a ring system and numerous satellites. One of the satellites is so big as the Moon.

Nadya, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

SEA

Great body of salt water that covers most of the land surface and surrounding continents.

Javier, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

SHOOTING STAR

Small celestial objects that enter into the atmosphere. When this small objects (called meteorites) crosses the Earth atmosphere, it burns and appears with a light tail. This is a shooting star.

María D., 5º B and Alejandro A., 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

SOLAR SYSTEM

The Solar System consists in a central star, the Sun, the bodies that accompany it and the space between them. There are eight planets that orbit round the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. The Earth is our planet and it has a satellite, the Moon. The Earth is the bigger of the inner planet.

Iván, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

SPRING

A spring is running water that goes out of the land in a natural way. In Priego, there is a spring called “La Milana”.

Miriam, 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

STARS

They are born from gas and dust clouds found in the space. After thousands of years they come together to form a large ball.

Lourdes, 6º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

SUN

The sun is the nearest star to the Earth. It's a giant gaseous mass. It's 6000 degrees. It gives off light and heat that makes life possible on Earth.

Rosa Mª, 5º A and Paula, 5º B


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

VENUS

Venus is second planet of the Solar System. It receives his name in honor to Venus, the Roman goddesss of the love. It's called frequently the brother Earth planet, since both are similar as far as size, mass and composition. When Venus is more shining, it can be seen during the day, as the Moon and Sun. Venus is known as Star of the Dawn or Vespertine Star. Alejandro G., 5º A


CEIP Camacho Melendo – Priego de Córdoba

This short dictionary has been created by the pupils from

CEIP Camacho Melendo

for the English class with

Beatriz Ruiz

and the collaboration of their teachers

José Enrique Vilchez and José María Carrillo

Priego de Córdoba School year 2010/11

The Solar System  

A short dictionary about the Solar System and the Earth

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