we can help these people by saving and taking care of water and how we spend it, so we can help them to make them catch clean water. Know that we know what is affecting our water resources and how important is to have known is time to get a close look in what we can probably do to help everyone. There are a number of ways to save water, and they all start with you, some things you could start to make ant it could save a lot of water even though isn’t look that big change, well every drop count so here are some things you can do: You could save up to 36 liters of water a day simply by turning off the tap while you brush your teeth in the morning and at night. Reducing your shower from 10 minutes to five minutes a day could save on average 23 liters of water per day. Turning on your washing machine and dishwasher only when they are full could save up to 4500 liters per month. Checking and fixing leaks in a toilet tank could save up to 4500 liters per month. Get a cool metal bottle instead of plastic bottles and fill it up when you’re thirsty, and cut down on the expense and waste. Ever see an empty water bottle tossed by the side of the road? Less than 20% of those single-use containers make it to the recycling bin. They also waste fuel for shipping — water is heavy! Is your choice, we gave you what you needed to know for understand how and why is water the biggest and essential resource in our lives.
Why water is so important?
Water is very important for life. We need water to drink, to wash our hands, to cook, to water plants and many other things. What other important uses for water do we have?... Without water, the plants would die and people and animals would go thirsty. Did you ever wonder why water was so important? Let’s take a closer look at water... Water makes us feel energetic. It is also in our body mixed with blood. If you wonder it, water has all the vitamins to keep a human walking and alive. Water is healthy and keeps you hydrated the whole day. If you try not to drink water or didn’t have the time to do it you would realize that you would be tired and desperate for water, obviously to replace the water we lose through sweat and urination. If we didn’t replace our fluids as needed, our bodies wouldn’t be able to function as it should be. Now that you know more about why is water important in our bodies we should remember that now days there is a water crisis in the entire world mostly in Africa, and Latin America. People that don’t have the possibility to have water easily like us, is always taking risks to catch a little bit of water every day. They have to walk around three hour at day to the near lake or river to gather water and this water is not completely clean. Imagine that! Although they risk themselves passing in all the mountains and forest they have to pass through to catch water, they risk themselves to obtain diseases just like diarrhea, dehydration even death. But what choice they have? We, as the young generation should know that
Empagua is a Guatemalan company responsible for distributing water in the country, in order that all people have access to purified and healthy water. There are more than 326 million trillion gallons of water on Earth. Less than 3 % of all this water is fresh water and of that amount, more than two-thirds is locked up in ice caps and glaciers. With so much water around it seems like there is enough to see us through for millions of years. But did you know that even water, which seems to be in abundance, might one day become scarce? As you know, the Earth is a watery place. But just how much water exists on, in, and above our planet? About 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is water-covered, and the oceans hold about 96.5 percent of all Earth’s water. But water also exists in the air as water vapor, in rivers and lakes, in icecaps and glaciers, in the ground as soil moisture and in aquifers, and even in you and your dog. Water is never sitting still, though, and thanks to the water cycle, our planet’s water supply is constantly moving from one place to another and from one form to another. Things would get pretty stale without the water cycle! Clean and plentiful water provides the foundation for prosperous communities. We rely on clean water to survive, yet right now we are heading towards a water crisis. Changing climate patterns are threatening lakes and rivers, and key sources that we tap for drinking water are being overdrawn or tainted with pollution. Dirty water is the world’s
biggest health risk, and continues to threaten both quality of life and public health. When water from rain runs off roofs and roads into our rivers, it picks up toxic chemicals, dirt, trash and disease-carrying organisms along the way. Many of our water resources also lack basic protections, making them vulnerable to pollution from factories and industrial plants. This can lead to drinking water contamination, habitat degradation and beach closures. We can save water •Repairing leaking pipes, tap, etc to stop wastage of water •Close taps whenever not required •Do not let water run while brushing teeth or scrubbing clothes •Avoid taking bath under a shower, instead use a bucket •Do not overwater your garden •Wash your vehicles using a bucket rather than a pipe
Water is so important
Eliminate Heavy Metals Purge Toxic Chemicals Improve Flavor and Appearance Now is time for you to DIY (do it yourself) Here is the simple process for you to make your own water purifier, simple steps for a simple better life: Materials: 2 big buckets Driller A filter with these characteristics: Filter paper full of river rocks tight enough so the water can pass through a process of cleaning inside this river pieces. Clean river rocks. Easy cleaning way to do it. Process: Step 1: Drill a 1/2hole in the bottom of your top bucket for each filter element (if more than one). Step 2: Place the top bucket nto the lid of the bottom bucket and using the hole you just drilled, make a circle into the bottom-bucket lid with a marker. Step 3: Using the circle mark as a guide, drill another 1/2 hole in the lid of the bottom bucket for each circle you have drawn. Step 4: Install the filter element in the hole you made in the top bucket. Step 5: Drill a 3/4 hole on the side and near the bottom of the bottom bucket. Big enough for install the spigot, but not enough for water to run away. Step 6: Install the spigot. Step 7: Place the top bucket into the lid of the bottom bucket ensuring that you put straight the filter element nipple with the hole of the lid from the bottom bucket. Step 8: Fill the top bucket with water and in an hour you will have bacteria free water to drink in the bottom bucket.
The water is a simple chemical compound, but with complex properties because of its bias. The chemical formula of water is H2O. That is, each water molecule consists of one oxygen atom between two hydrogen atoms. Water is indispensable for human health and well-being; there can be no life on Earth without water. In fact, the human body is composed of 70% water. However, that same water can do harm to your body if not purified. Unfiltered water contains chlorine, fluoride, dioxins, parasites, etc. those could be hazardous to your health. So why water treatment is so important? The water is found almost everywhere on Earth. Water resources like rivers, lakes, which provide water contain a lot of pollution, garbage unfit for consumption. To be clean, the water should undergo a number of treatments necessary to make it drinkable. Water purifiers designed to eliminate or reduce certain pollutants (nitrates, pesticides, heavy metals, organic materials...), as well as improve the quality taste of water (eliminating chlorine). Most modern cities have advanced water filtration and purification systems that provide clean, safe water to their residents; however, even if the water coming into your house or apartment is perfectly clean and safe, it may pick up materials that can harm you along the way. Therefore, it is always wise to run your tap water through a home purifier that uses an activated charcoal filter to remove virtually everything harmful from your drinking water. Water treatment: Remove Parasites
Municipalities administer public services, including water services. Each of Guatemala’s 333 municipalities is responsible for supplying water and
The INSIVUMEH is a national organization intended to prognosticate and prevent natural disasters that occur in the country in order to safeguard people and their properties. This year the INSIVUMEH has foreseen that the winter and the rain will be as rough as the summer. Nationally reported river flow levels with a deficit of up to 74 percent less than in previous years averages. This day the National Institute of Seismology, Volcanology, Meteorology and HydrologyINSIVUMEH-, states in its hydrological bulletin No. 148 Nahuatán tributaries, Sís, and Paz Guacalate present levels below normal.
0.78 meters is the level recorded this morning Jutiapa Paz River, Jutiapa, currently a deficit tributary. To this river the normal ranges in the level is between 0.89 to 2.00 meters, said the country’s highest scientific institution. Given the deficit recorded in some flows in river levels in the country, the Executive Secretariat and INSIVUMEH CONRED keep monitoring these tributaries. The EWSSAT, check the level of the same and recommend people be attentive to the authorities move information through the media.
Nahuatán in Pajapita River, San Marcos, recorded a current level of 0.24 meters and normal levels ranging from 0.25 to 3.00 meters and the tendency is to stay at that level, the report of the scientific body of the National System for CONRED Disaster Reduction. Once again the INSIVUMEH is on search for any new Another is the river tributaries dangers that the weather monitored Cuyotenango Sís, might bring for the population Suchitepequez, recording and properties on their hands. level of 0.61 meters and takes into account normal level between 0.61 to 2.25 meters. In Alotenango Sacatepequez Guacalate river is monitored with observed level of 0.16 meters and the normal range is 0.30 to 1.00 meters, indicating the INSIVUMEH.
RIVERS RISING IN THE COUNTRY
The processes that water passes through for purification are: •The pre-chlorination is a process where Empagua use chlorine to improve the coagulation process. •Coagulation consists in to add chemicals to destabilize the electric charge of the colloids. •Flocculation is where the colloidal particles, after being destabilized, allowed to be collected to form larger and dense particles. •After stirring, they use a tank where the water drains slowly to allow gravity sedimentation of particles. •Empagua performs quality control, 365 days a year, by collecting samples in over 70 different locations in the capital.
“SAVING WATER MEANS SAVING ENERGY ATTHE SAMETIME. ”
for maintaining water quality. Most Guatemalan municipalities have weak administrative, technical and human resource capacity.
E M P A G U A (EmpresaMunicipalde Agua de la Ciudadde Guatemala) was created in November 1972 by an Act of the Municipal Council of Guatemala City to administer the production and distribution of potable water for the area under the muni-,ipality’s jurisdiction. The collection and treatment of waste water was added in 1984 to EMPAGUA’s responsibilities. EMPAGUA now serves the City’s 22 postal zones send several surrounding municipalities. Water distributed by EMPAGUA is obtained from both superficial and underground sources. These sources can be regrouped in seven production systems since, with the exception of city wells, all water collected passes through treatment plants or pumping stations before distribution. Collectively, the system has a total production capacity of about 3m3/s, Water is divided among the agricultural (80%), industrial (13%), and domestic (7%) sectors. Surface water supplies about 70% of the public’s needs in urban areas and 90% in rural areas. Both surface and groundwater sources meet industrial and commercial needs.
MARN (Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales) is the institution in charge of taking care of the environment and natural resources of Guatemala, it has many different projects to help the different resources and some affected areas of the country. The projects are based on meeting the objectives, implementing laws and protecting the most affected areas of the country. AMASURLI is a project to keep safe the area of the basin of the “Lago de Amatitlán” and “Río Dulce”, it was created by the decree 10-98 that depends of MARN, this project is in charge of taking care, advise the different activities that would take place there and protect and help to develop this area. Many objectives were proposed for this project, some of them are:
And its mission is: “Facilitate and coordinate the efficient and effective implementation of the guidelines and technical tools, economic and administrative actions to implement environmental management and integrated and sustainable management of the Lake Izabal and Rio Dulce, protecting the common good, on mechanisms decentralized • To elaborate the and social participation. specific plan of protection, conservation and To achieve the mission, development of the basin of the Basin Authority has an the “Lago de Amatitlán” and organizational structure and a “Río Dulce”, and to guard for base of financial and human its realization. resources that allow you to • Define politics of efficiently and effectively conservation of their natural meet the legal mandates.” and cultural resources between its habit of The organization has a competition. strategic agenda to follow • Coordinate research guidelines for implementing activities, recreation, the project in a methodical interpretation, environmental way. There is a design for the education, area management of the districts management, standards for that surround these areas, construction and industrial detailing the conditions in sanitation Basin Lake Izabal which they live to promote and Rio Dulce, ensuring that socio-economic development these shares are included in of the population. the investment budget each municipality involved. It will analyze the worldwide
warming and study the components that are in the atmosphere that can contribute with the damage existent in the area. Also look to benefit other institutions that are helping to take care of the area. The vision that MARN have with this project is: “Organization that promotes and facilitates integrated environmental management and sustainable development of the Lake Izabal and Rio Dulce, for the development and benefit of present and future generations.”
MARN’S PROJECT TO TAKE CARE OF THE WATER
to the emergency services. Check carefully every family to make sure that there is no danger. Remove the water suspended to avoid plagues of mosquitoes or diseases. These phases are just in case of a flood. Guatemalan people also have suffered because of floods, because of storms such as AGATHA, hurricane BARBARA and ISAAC, in this case the flood was caused for polluted water. Four members of the Engineers’ Body of the Army inspected an area that suffer damage because floods, at the end of the accession El Incienso, where there remained stagnant the black waters turned into area of pollution for the neighbors of the community. The technical military unit must produce a report where it specifies the actions to adopt in order that it returns to traverse the river of black waters, which crosses the place and ends in Chinautla’s flow. The specialists descended with difficulty to the bottom of the precipice. The vicepresident Roxana Baldetti and the executive secretary of the National Coordinator for the Reduction of Disasters (Conred), Alejandro Maldonado,talked with local neighbors, who complained about sanitary problems because of the stagnation of the stinking waters. They have considered programming a controlled detonation that eliminates the obstacle. Conred must mark the route for continuing. coordinating actions.
CONRED was founded on November 11, 1996, is the responsible for asserting potential hazards, impeding or actual disasters based on information provided by the National Institute for Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology (INSIVUMEH), and for declaring states of alert. Once a disaster has been declared, it is responsible for the coordination of cross-sectoral disaster relief efforts. It is decreted in the LEGISLATIVE DECREE 109-96 Law of the National Coordinator for the Reduction of Disasters some articles that supports CONRED. There exist three phases in case of an emergency; before, during and after. The first one is before the emergency, it is about not build in places where there are rivers, causes, etc.. Building exit routes from your home to high places or temporary shelters. Keep food and water reserve drinking. Packing bags personal documents talks. Keep a first aid kit and thoroughly clean the drains to prevent overflows. Then comes during that indicates people to be alert on the notices of the authorities across his portable radio. Fix and tie well what the wind could throw. Remember that to the moment to move with your family to a sure place it cannot lead to his animals. Do not cross large rivers, torrents or flooded places. Do not cross bridges where the level of the waters is near the low edge of his board. Having effected rescues is careful, use ropes, boat, etc. Later at last but not least came the after phase that brings a report immediately the injured people and missing persons
As an institution, MARN does a good job keeping the population informed about the value of nature and biodiversity and making programs for the preservation of our landscapes. However, as citizens of Guatemala, we all should take part of the responsibility of keeping a natural balance between development and nature.
CCAD, COP, GIRESOL, JICA, PREMACA, PDPCRBM-BID are all the actual developing projects, made possible with the money provided by the state and the collaboration
In this factory has a different deparment like a editorial: is the area when the information writes. Supplement: is the part od the editorial were the target audience is stated. Grafic Desing: is the base of details about digramming. Products of Prensa Libre •Revista D •Amiga •Mundo Motor •Don Balon •Aula 2.0 •Chicos •The New York Times (Segment for Latin America) •Espacio Inmobiliario •Guia TV •Revista Mujer •Casa Propia •Via Libre •WeekEnd •Formalibros •Sociedad •Viaje a Guatemala.com In conclusion Prensa Libre is the most important news paper in Guatemala, becouse their work is profetional and funtional for our country and the use of supplements its usefull for the newspapers for complent the information that they gave for the people therefore the supplements atract more people for buying the newspapper because they have more information or themes not only news they algo have entertain and this is the purpouse of the supplement entertain and inform.
Due the diversity of environments in Guatemala, MARN offers different kinds of projects, each of these made specifically for a certain area.
of several non-profit institutions. These projects improve and protect the forests and rivers of the country, improving the life of indigenous communities. Also, the ministry tries to be accessible and open to the Guatemalan population. They offer meetings, trainings and speeches about natural resources and the correct uses of raw materials for indigenous communities and habitants of the capital. They participate in parties and congress meetings scheduled by the State to report their advances.
Guatemala is a country full of natural resources, beautiful landscapes and great biodiversity. Unfortunately, these resources are poorly administrated by the habitants of the country, causing poverty and the destruction of our natural patrimony. The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN, by its initials in Spanish) is the institution appointed to protect the environment, educate the Guatemalan populations about the benefits of the correct administration of resources and developing a culture of responsibility and respect towards every living being. These actions will help to increase the progress that Guatemala has as a country.
Prensa Libre is the institution that have vision is give information day trass day to all people in Guatemala, with this types of benefits of all poplation. Prensa Libre is a news paper of Guatemala. Prensa Libre is a universal periodic because its products reach children, youth and adults alike. Nationally, a wide range is achieved with each of the supplements and magazines. Both men and women, students and professionals in the capital and in the interior, are very interested in reading History: Prensa Libre was founded in agust 20 of 1951by Pedo Julio Garcia, Álvaro Contreras Vélez, Salvador Girón, Mario Sandoval Figueroa, and Isido Zarcoo Alfasa. This is one of thr first news paper in Guatemala. The Free Press story is closely linked to the event and developing the country’s contemporary history. Recently, Prensa Libre has searched through its contents and national dissemination, together with the country’s development through educational, community spaces and support sports and cultural activities extend development opportunities to all Guatemalans. The free press story is closelylinked to the event and developing the country´s contemporary history. Recently, Prensa Libre has searched thougn it´s contents and disfuntional.