OLDFIELD PATTERN BOOK
E I F
DEVELOPER Oldfield, LLC 3 Oldfield Circle Okatie, South Carolina 29909
MASTER PLANNERS & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS Wood + Partners, Inc. 7 LaFayette Place Hilton Head Island, South Carolina 29925
ARCHITECTURAL CONSULTANTS Historical Concepts, LLC 430 Prime Point Peachtree City, Georgia 30269
ENGINEERS Thomas & Hutton Engineering Co. 50 Park of Commerce Way Savannah, Georgia 31405
GOLF COURSE DESIGNER Greg Norman Golf Course Design 501 North A1A Jupiter, Florida 33477
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANTS Newkirk Environmental 340 Eisenhower Drive, Suite 201 Charleston, South Carolina 29401
This book has been developed by Oldfield, LLC for graphic presentation and to provide guidance for the architectural design requirements of the community. Any property lines, tract dimensions and narrative descriptions are approximate. The plans, designs and amenities depicted in the Oldfield Pattern Book represent the current development plans, which are subject to change or modification without notice. These materials are intended solely as a planning instrument which will be updated periodically over the years as required to build a planned community.
here was a time in the not-too distant history of rural and smalltown America, when the design of one’s home was purely an extension of the way he or she lived. Form did literally follow function, long before that term became a cliché in the lexicon of industrial design. In the coastal towns of the South Atlantic and Gulf region, a style emerged which was far less notable for what it was, than for what it was not. Today, this vernacular is difficult to describe but impossible to overlook or dismiss. It evokes the ambience of a simpler, more peaceful time, and in doing so, creates a comfort and peace of its own. Our studies for Oldfield contain a wealth of visual information, with photographically documented original architectural forms. Many appear as they did prior to well-intended restorations. The original may tell us about our ancestors but the interpretation of
the use of materials and the defining of space tell us about ourselves. Our desire is that this Pattern Book will establish a framework within Oldfield where residents will experience a lifetime of visual enjoyment – where every green space and building encourages you to know your neighbor. It is meant to build a community, which will be enjoyed now as well as building a legacy for our future generations. At Oldfield, our key focus will be on quality and an extremely pleasant building experience rather than on quantity. The size of one’s home will not be important at Oldfield and it will not be necessary nor important to “keep up with the Jones’”. What will be important is the look and feel achieved by the home as it relates to the neighborhood in which it is located and the homesite on which it is situated. It is our sincere hope all Oldfield property owners will embrace this op-
portunity with a passion and sensitivity, so that their home will maximize views, enjoy prevailing breezes, take advantage of the solar orientation, and provide an incredibly pleasing appearance from the roads of Oldfield. In the pages that follow, we have attempted to describe this appealing vernacular through both pictures and words. If we have been successful – and we believe we have – Oldfield will indeed be a truly extraordinary community, unique not only for the uncommon way of life we have created but for the timeless beauty of the homes which will form the fabric of this very special community. We have also endeavored to design this Pattern Book as a workable guide to building your home at Oldfield – rather than to create a slick marketing piece showcasing our vision for Oldfield’s uncommon way of life.
Oldfield Post Office and General Store
INTRODUCTION History....................................................................................................................A6 The Region.............................................................................................................A7 Oldfield Ecosystem.................................................................................................A8 Oldfield Master Plan...............................................................................................A9 ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Regional Architecture..............................................................................................B1 The Oldfield Style...................................................................................................B2 Imagery Coastal Style 1½ Story, Porch Attached to Main Mass..................................B3 Coastal Style 1½ Story, Porch Part of Main Mass...........................................B4 Coastal Style 2 Story, Porch Attached to Main Mass.......................................B5 Coastal Style 2 Story, Porch Part of Main Mass..............................................B6 Small Town Eclectic Houses...........................................................................B7 Garages..........................................................................................................B8 Outbuildings..................................................................................................B9 Patterns and Massing Evolution of the Compound........................................................................B10 Imagery of the Compound...........................................................................B11 Compound Patterns and Massing................................................................B12 Oldfield Homesite Plan............................................................................ B12-A Oldfield Homesite Types and Guidelines.....................................................B13 Front Access Homesites................................................................................B14 Corner Homesites........................................................................................B15 Rear Access Homesites.................................................................................B16 Parkside Homesites......................................................................................B17 Plantation Homesites...................................................................................B18 Pie-Shaped Homesites..................................................................................B19 Design-Specific Homesites...........................................................................B20 Guidelines Introduction to Architectural Guidelines......................................................B22 Columns......................................................................................................B23 Cornice, Soffit and Frieze.............................................................................B24 Doors...........................................................................................................B25 Dormers.......................................................................................................B26 Foundations and Chimneys.........................................................................B27 Porches.........................................................................................................B28 Porch Enclosures..........................................................................................B29 Porch Floors and Ceilings............................................................................B30 Rails.............................................................................................................B31 Roofing and Gutters.....................................................................................B32 Siding and Trim...........................................................................................B33 Windows......................................................................................................B34 LANDSCAPE PATTERNS Introduction to Landscape Patterns........................................................................ C1 Site Planning.......................................................................................................... C2 Grading and Site Clearing...................................................................................... C3 The Hardscape Plan............................................................................................... C4 Driveways and Walkways....................................................................................... C5 Exterior Features and Details.................................................................................. C6 The Landscape Plan............................................................................................... C8 REVIEW PROCESS AND SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS ................................ D1 APPENDIX Recommended Plant List........................................................................................E1 Bibliography...........................................................................................................E3 Glossary..................................................................................................................E4
THE CAROLINA LOWCOUNTRY Oldfield is located in the heart of one of America’s most picturesque and charming areas; an archipelago of sea islands, marshes and rivers known as the “Lowcountry.” Long recognized for its superb climate, natural beauty and outdoor recreation, the region is bounded roughly by Charleston to the north and Savannah to the south, with Oldfield and Beaufort midway between the two. For over a century, this area has attracted some of the most discerning
THE HISTORY OF OLDFIELD The recorded history of the tract began with a Lord Proprietor’s grant, (including a parcel of land referred to as “Old Field”), to Governor Robert Johnson in 1732. But well before that, the Indian village of “Oketty”, with an estimated population of 1,200 or more, lay nearby. By 1752, the property had been transferred to one Gabriel Manigault and eventually to Col. William Hazzard, a wealthy planter and officer in the colonial militia. Edward Wigg, a storekeeper on Port Royal Island (Beaufort) married into the family, and the property was subsequently known as “Wiggs Bluff ” for many years, although the plantation was completely destroyed by British troops in 1781. According to Wigg family tradition, the plantation was rebuilt, only to be
farm, and built the extensive system of fences (more than eight miles in all) that endures as one of the tract’s most distinguishing features. In 1998, the property was placed under contract by Crescent Resources, Inc., a subsidiary of Duke Energy, and the modern era of “Oldfield” began.
French Explorers Visited the Area as Early as
shelled from the river by Union gunboats in November, 1862. Ownership of the land was cloudy throughout reconstruction and well into the 20th century, but the property entered the modern era in the possession of Pauline Pratt Webel, who also owned Goodhope Plantation near Ridgeland. In 1972, the property passed to Robin Carrier (now of Beaufort) who had the existing home designed by Savannah Architect Carl Helfrich and built by contractor James Artley, also of Savannah. She raised horses, pigs, sheep, soy beans, corn and tomatoes on the property, and entertained splendidly on weekend hunts for doves, ducks, deer, turkey and wild boar. Carrier sold the property to a Hilton Head developer in 1985. The new owner increased it to 927 acres and used the plantation as a quarter horse
HILTON HEAD ISLAND
1825 Map Showing Proximity of Oldfield to Beaufort, Savannah and Hilton Head Island
and cultivated people in the world. As early as the turn of the last century, the area’s exquisite natural beauty and superb climate were attracting the Captains of Industry, who built magnificent homes alongside the rivers and their endless marshes. Long before there was a single golf course in coastal South Carolina, the area was a seasonal home to DuPonts, Doubledays, Donnelys and other giants of American business, drawn here by the sporting life, which in turn was made possible by the vast resources of fish and game. They
entertained with hunts and horses and oyster roasts, long before the beaches of Hilton Head were discovered by the outside world. The plantation culture which sprang up here in the decades prior to World War II was based on a love of nature and of this special land. The graceful style of living which came to epitomize this era has remained a part of these old estates, and yet it remains a secret to much of the world today. The recreational and leisure facilities which have sprung up in the area
over the past twenty-five years have too often been conceived and designed with no attempt to capture the values which have made this region so special for so long. At Oldfield, all of that will change.
1732 Plans of 8,000 Acres Surveyed for Governer Robert Johnson, Showing “Oketty Town”, “Altamahaw Town”, and “Old Field”
ldfield is virtually equidistant from Beaufort, Savannah and Hilton Head Island, (all 30 minutes), with Charleston only 90 minutes to the north. The superb location places three of the South’s most beautiful and historic cities at our doorstep.
eaufort is often referred to as Charleston’s“Country Cousin,” one of America’s most historic and picturesque small towns. Nestled along a sweeping bluff overlooking a broad bend of the Beaufort River, the city has a rich and fascinating history dating back to the French, Spanish and Scottish explorers who touched its shores in the 1500’s and the Yemassee Indians who inhabited
the area before that. It was the seat of the Sea Island Cotton Culture in the early 1800’s and formed the mercantile center for numerous large plantations along the coast. There, planters and the merchants who represented them built the grand mansions which are still in evidence in the town’s historic district today. Downtown Beaufort (the Historic District) is only a 30minute drive from Oldfield.
avannah’s charm and beauty were not as well known as Charleston’s until 1991, when John Berendt’s runaway best seller, Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, revealed the city’s wonderful ambiance (and considerable eccentricities!) to the world. Founded in 1733 by Englishman James E. Oglethorpe, it is America’s first planned city and Georgia’s first capital. The city is noted for its beautifully landscaped squares, surrounded by striking examples
of elegant 18 th and 19 th Century architecture. The city’s Historic District, one of the largest in America, is situated very close to the Savannah River Bridge on US 17-A, the way you will enter the city when driving from Oldfield. Also directly adjacent to the bridge is the River Street District with hundreds of charming restaurants, shops and other attractions. The drive from Oldfield to the Savannah River Bridge takes 25 to 30 minutes.
harleston is one of America’s most splendid and fascinating cities. If history appeals to you, you’ll be surrounded by it here. The gentle tolling of church bells, magnificent 18th century homes and plantations, public buildings that have remained in daily use for centuries, spectacular gardens, and a people noted for their warmth and hospitality—all are a part of this great city.
In addition to its historic treasures, Charleston in recent years has also become an international center for the arts—a commitment which literally springs to life each May and June, when the city hosts the Spoleto Festival, USA. Fine dining, extraordinary shopping (particularly for antiques), wonderful museums and attractions, and some of America’s most beautiful formal gardens round out the mix of activities available to visitors. The city is approximately a 1 ½ hour drive
OLDFIELD ECOSYSTEM root systems, and once mature, they become the centerpiece of any landscape.
RIVER The Okatie is a tidal basin, with high and low tides, (or “flood and ebb”), which occur twice every twenty-four hours, controlled in volume and timing by the phases of the moon. This twice-daily “flushing” action is crucial to the cleanliness of the water, and vital to the health of the countless marine organisms which breed in the marsh. Salinity levels vary, dependant upon the input of fresh water and temperature changes. These fluctuations in salinity lead to high levels of diversity among marine and plant life within the river’s ecosystem. The Okatie is rated “SAA”, the highest water purity rating available for American rivers. LIVE OAK CANOPY Oldfield is blessed with many of the region’s “signature” live oaks — trees which are symbolic of the Carolina Lowcountry. They are characteristically draped with Spanish Moss, a nonparasitic epiphyte that does not harm the tree and is actually related to the pineapple. “Resurrection Fern”, which springs to life after even the slightest rain, can often be found along the tops of mature limbs. Live oaks are a longlived species which requires spacious areas within the landscape for healthy
DRY MARSH Also known as “high hard marsh”, these areas lie along the periphery of the main salt marsh at a slightly higher elevation. These dry marshes are not normally flooded, except during storms and “spring tides”. Spring tide does not refer to the spring season. These abnormally high tides occur at new and full moons and during certain phases of the equinox. Dry marsh has a distinctly different appearance from the lower marsh areas, often found supporting dense stands of needle rush. They occur along headwaters of tidal creeks and along the inner landward edges.
SALT MARSH Often referred to as the “Breadbasket of the Ocean”, the salt marsh is one of the critical links in the coastal ecosystem. As a food source and home to the countless species of fish, shellfish, bird and animals, it is one of the most productive and sensitive environments found anywhere in nature. Nowhere is the food chain more evident than in the salt marsh, where “detritus”, (decayed plant and organic matter), hosts the birth of tiny marine organisms, which are then fed upon by countless species of minnows and crabs, in turn giving way to the redfish and trout, the wood stork and the egret, the osprey and the bald eagle. No single area of Oldfield’s widely varied ecosystem is more central to our quality of life than is the indispensable salt marsh.
FOREST Oldfield’s forests are dominated by an overstory of mixed hardwoods, punctuated by the occasional “specimen” live oak. The thick canopy provides a shaded environment for understory and herbaceous growth. The understory vegetation typically consists of red maple, wax myrtle, yaupon hollies, and saw palmetto. Herbaceous growth in these areas consists of ferns, blackberry and various grass species. Fox squirrels, raccoon, turkey and deer all call the forests of Oldfield their home, as well as countless small animals, insects and birds.
PASTURE The Oldfield property was used as a quarter horse farm for a period in the 1980’s and much of the existing pastureland was cleared for that purpose. The same owner also constructed over eight miles of wood fences, which contribute to the character of the land, even today. When clearing the pasture, numerous specimens of hardwoods were left undisturbed, and today they are sprinkled throughout the green spaces, creating a topography found in few other parts of the Lowcountry. Plant species in these pastures include scattered large live oaks, Bermuda grass, dog fennel, Bahia grass and broomsedge. Aesthetically, the open pastures provide a pastoral foreground for the forested areas of the site.
LAKES It is believed that the existing onsite ponds have been used for drainage and water sources for livestock. These ponds provide habitat for various species of fish and vegetation, as well as a water source and breeding grounds for wildlife. Woodstorks, Ibis and other wading birds frequent the freshwater ponds at Wigg’s Bluff, which also abounds in trophy-sized largemouth bass. The vegetation within and around the pond is unique and depends on this microenvironment for its survival. Today, these ponds have become scenic focal points within the landscape.
OLDFIELD MASTER PLAN
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Regional Architecture
he architectural style of Oldfield is derived from Southern Plantations and will have an understated charm rooted in architectural traditions represented by Lowcountry pastoral riverfront towns. As coastal Carolina developed from 1697 to 1865, the numerous rivers of the Lowcountry created their own neighborhoods. While the majority of settlers were Barbadian and English, the region attracted a variety of residents from around the world.
As pictured in the following pages, the architectural influences are many. The English and the French have given us the charm of the basic cottage. The Germans have given us beautifully framed vistas in their dormer windows. The people of the West Indies have given us wrapped verandas and raised foundations. These architectural gifts allow us to capture the prevailing breezes, protect ourselves from the sun, and enjoy the plentiful views of na-
ture. From these early roots, the Lowcountry style evolved into one of the most visually pleasing and comfortable architectural styles we know. The challenge now becomes one of finding a unifying theme for the many different preferences and styles of each family, and thus, a place for each to call home. The common thread that ties together the families of Oldfield is the semi-tropical climate of coastal South Carolina in close proximity to the
seaports of the region. While time and distance separated families and communities of the colonial Lowcountry, this gave birth to what we know today as Southern Hospitality. Visits with friends and family became greatly anticipated and celebrated events. It is our wish that the families of Oldfield will feel the same way when developing their own coastal style of living, and that experiencing “Oldfield Hospitality” will be a much sought after invitation.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS The Oldfield Style
COASTAL STYLE ONE-AND-A-HALFSTORY-- PORCH ATTACHED
COASTAL STYLE ONE-AND-A-HALFSTORY-- PORCH PART OF MAIN MASS
The attached three-bay porch with pediment is a distinctive layout seen in varying styles throughout the South. The front facing gable gives a pleasing, welcoming presence to the house. The raised pier foundation is suitable for flood-plain areas and allows the coastal breezes to provide natural air circulation.
This is a wonderful example of understated elegance; the deep low-hanging porch is cool and inviting. The simplicity of the unbroken roofline pierced with dormers is nestled into its site among the trees. The deep side gabled roof allows more livable space than in a typical one-and-one-half story home.
Typical of many homes in nearby Beaufort and surrounding areas, the raised two-story home has distinct secondary wings with low-pitched roofs, which create a “T” layout. The raised foundation has a split stair entrance to the main level porch and provides opportunity for additional living space on the ground level.
Found on plantations along the southeast, from South Carolina to Louisiana, this home type is notable for it’s stately full-width porch and two-story columns. Such homes were typically a statement of prosperity and position, sited deep but prominently on large lots, framed by live oaks and outbuildings.
SMALL TOWN ECLECTIC
Eclectic, with several defining elements, twin porches flanking the central mass, and bracketed overhangs, are joined together to create an appealing design. Several fine examples may be found on Craven Street in Beaufort and throughout Savannah. These types of homes are specially suited for smaller sites, located near a road.
This small guesthouse, with its highpitched square center mass and shed wing additions, has a special character all it’s own, rather than being a miniature offshoot of the main house. This is another piece that fits into the fabric of the site that makes up the compound.
COASTAL STYLE TWO-STORY- PORCH ATTACHED
The carriage house or barn with multiple gables allows for a large, habitable loft space above the ground floor two-car garage and workshop. This is one of countless ways to approach the garage structure in a unique style that complements the main house and adds to the character of the compound. These garages, while somewhat tall and shallow, are atypical of today’s garages.
COASTAL STYLE TWO-STORY- PORCH PART OF MAIN MASS
The outbuilding was many things to the early tidewater families - from the ubiquitous potting shed, to the “cool house” barn, to the blacksmith shop uses that have changed little over time. While the outbuilding may now house the golf cart or unique guest quarters, it is for certain that the nostalgic outbuildings lend interest to the fabric of the Oldfield house.
he familiar historical dwellings shown in the following imagery sections are found throughout small towns of southern coastal regions. It is within the content of this imagery of familiarity that we have fashioned our Pattern Book and its requirements and guidelines. To appreciate these stylistic traditions, one must understand the underlying similarities in style when buildings differ in size, shape and degree of formality. These styles, as to shape and architectural elements, have been refined, mixed, and arranged to the personal preferences of the occupant by renowned architects as well as local craftsmen, through the popular use and influence of pattern books. The common use of these books, as well as the sketches of fine architectural examples by those traveling abroad and along the eastern coast of America, helped to propagate these familiar house patterns. It was not until the 1840’s that we began to see diversity and creativity in architecture. Until this time, architectural styles tended to be homogeneous and changed slowly due, in part, to the distance between communities. In 1842, architect A.J. Downing published one of the first pattern books, Cottage Residences, Rural Architecture and Landscape Gardening. Downing, as well as other architects of the day, created several pattern books that introduced many fashions of design that embraced a mixing of architectural styles. People found the books to be so popular that various builders and designers of the day made their own interpretations of these transitional works. While these various eclectic designs became customary between 1890 and 1915, traditional styles remained as the common order of the day.
We are not attempting to impose any chronological order to the styles, as the result would be purely academic nomenclature. Architectural historians often disagree on such names, which are often misleading or inaccurate. For our purposes, Oldfield is not as concerned with a particular style or what might have influenced the style of a house, but more importantly whether or not the design is pleasing and appropriate to the region. You will find that the nomenclature used within this text is more descriptive, referring to design elements and massing rather than naming styles. It is the familiarity with the historical examples that we have documented in this Pattern Book that should give guidance to the Oldfield property owners in the design of their homes. These images are not meant to be all inclusive, for they are not; however, it is our intent to set examples from which the architecture of Oldfield is based and for use by both architect and review board as a reference for design. Oldfield asks homeowners to use in their designs, historical styles rooted in the region and within the local vernacular to create a special sense of place, so much an integral part of Oldfield’s uncommon way of life.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Imagery of Coastal Style Single and One-and-a-Half-Story Porch Attached to Main Mass
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Imagery of Coastal Style One-and-a-Half-Story Porch Part of Main Mass
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Imagery of Coastal Style Two-Story Porch Attached to Main Mass
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Imagery of Coastal Style Two-Story Porch Part of Main Mass
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Imagery of Small Town Eclectic Houses
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Imagery of Garages
encouraged, and their design should be approached with a sense of creativity, not only from the standpoint of function but especially in massing and design of the exterior façade. Garage structures provide an immense opportunity for more than just storage and
automobiles, with potential for guest quarters or office studios within the attic or loft, as well as workshops on the ground level. The designs may be based on simple, open pole barns with enclosures of lattice or vine-covered wire, or barns with lofts, or they may have a grander style, based on the old carriage houses of Charleston or Savannah.
Single Garage with Open Shed
Single Story 2-Car Garage
Single Story 2-Car Garage
1 1/2 Story Garage with Loft Above
1 1/2 Story Barn with Loft Above
Barn with Potting Shed & Loft Above
Carriage House with Porch
Carriage House with 3rd Bay
Detached garages are strongly
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Imagery of Outbuildings
O utbuildings are the whimsical
creativity that makes each site distinctive in its personality and style. Ancillary structures help to balance the site and create a sense of place and a history for the compound. Think of the old plantation or farmyard, with its barns, sheds, smokehouse, manager’s house,
dovecote, the old kitchen and wellhead. Uses for such designs today abound, from simple golf cart sheds and potting sheds to pool cabanas, guesthouses and offices. The images shown are but only a few examples of outbuildings, and the possibilities for designs and uses are limited only by the imagination.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Evolution of the Compound
H istorically, the compound
evolved from a simple, single structure designed early in the 19th century for minimal family needs, with front and rear porches to provide shade and refuge from the heat of the southern sun. A shed or barn would have been built near the house, and perhaps a smoke-
house or small dairy building as well. In back of the house would have been a separate kitchen structure, to keep out the heat of open-fire cooking. Over time as the family grew, the addition of dormers would have made the attic usable as bedrooms. In some instances, an entire second floor would have been added, converting the house
into two full stories. As even more space was needed, side wings were added for additional bedrooms or living space. Following generations, with a desire for a grander style of living and more available means by which to achieve it, would have added rear wings and expanded the porches.
Eventually, as electricity became available after the turn of the century, a back room would have been converted into the kitchen, leaving the old kitchen structure available as guest quarters. Along the same time, porches would have been enclosed or small bedrooms converted into bathrooms as running water became available. Later
on, as central heat and air were added, porches would have been glassed in for year-round use. Consequently, through the generations the old family home grew and evolved from a small central mass into a large, attractive home. The overall compound itself has evolved through the years, with the barn converted into a garage, the
smokehouse used for golf cart storage, and the old kitchen utilized as guest quarters. Yet because of its evolution and growth through additions, it maintains a history and unique character, a more inviting scale and far more interesting appearance than if it were a single, rectangular mass.
1800 The Oldfield Compound
The Typical Oldfield Homesite as Envisioned from Birdseye View
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Imagery of the Compound
T he architectural history of the
South tells the story of a way of life, from the large plantation homes to the small planter’s dwelling, each home projected the personalities, cultures and other qualities of the people who lived in them. During the era of great southern plantations, no different than today, designs were controlled by needs and comfort, with a direct relation to financial abilities and size of families. Heat, humidity, rainy seasons, and the threat of floodwaters were major factors that dictated design of dwellings and outbuildings on a plantation. Farming implements and isolation from town brought on the need for storage facilities and outbuildings. While our lifestyles are vastly different today, our needs are the same. We desire homes designed to provide comfort and ease of living, with space for children, grandchildren and guests, as well as storage for automobiles, golf carts, kayaks and bicycles. Scale and proportion, the all important and ever present aspects of design, are maintained through the juxtaposition of elements from this historical model, with the main house as the central element flanked by outbuildings which make up the compound.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Compound Patterns and Massing MAIN MASS The main mass is the original “core” of the house. This is the section to which all attached additions and outbuildings shall be subordinate. The main mass should be five bays wide with a façade width of 50 feet maximum and 36 feet minimum, and should be the central axis of the site, provided no major trees are sacrificed. The main mass may be one, one-and-one-half or two stories in height and should be dominant over any additions or attached wings. (Some specific homesite locations may dictate a main mass height of two stories.)
View of Corner Homesite with Side Street Access
PORCHES Porches are by far one of the most important features of any southern home. Front porches may be one or two stories high, and are encouraged to span the full width of the main mass, but may be 50% to 60% (or 3 bays) wide, or as dictated by square footage. The front porch should be centered on the front façade, although asymmetrical designs may be allowed under certain circumstances. Rear/side porches carry the same design criteria, but are only required if the façade addresses public viewing (i.e., the golf course, lakes, or the street). Rear/side porches may be screened or glass enclosed for additional living area. The seven-bay wrapped porch home is reserved for special, larger sites that may terminate vistas or become accent sites. Porches must be a minimum of 10 feet deep.
ATTACHED ADDITIONS Attached additions or wings are encouraged as a means of breaking down the overall mass, while creating additional floor area and providing interest in elevation. Attached additions should be offset at least 2 to 4 feet back from the front façade, and should be smaller or subordinate to their adjacent mass in both width and height. Side wings attached to the main mass by connectors may be forward of the main mass, but should be 4 feet back from the forward edge of the front porch. (See massing examples.)
OUTBUILDINGS Garages and outbuildings provide a unique design opportunity in creating a “compound” of ancillary structures which complement and help to frame the main house on the site. These structures may be based on barns, outbuildings, potting sheds, wellheads, or other past rural buildings such as kitchen houses, or cool houses that are typically seen in the local historical vernacular. Garages may be one-story or one-and-one-half-story with living area above. It is important that garages and outbuildings be broken down by use of sheds or additions to avoid a large square mass that obstructs views of the main house. Garages may be 24 feet by 26 feet overall, but should have main roof mass of 18 feet (max.), with a 6 foot (min.) shed addition. A three-car garage may be achieved with a 12 foot (max.) by 22 foot (max.) attached onestory addition. Garage doors should
have windows and should face the interior court of front access sites, and should face the rear of an alley access site or corner site. Wider homesites may allow entry into the garage from the outer side, provided that the garage does not impede the view of the main house. If a garage is designed as a separate outbuilding or with an attached breezeway, a second outbuilding may be added opposite the garage to balance the site. Such secondary outbuildings may range in size from wellheads and potting sheds to small guesthouses similar or equal in scale to the garage, as the site allows. Carports are permitted, provided they are used exclusively for storage of automobiles. An enclosed secondary building is required for storage of any items other than autos. Carports must be positioned and camouflaged with landscaping so as to shield them from public view.
COVERED BREEZEWAYS Breezeways are an integral part of the compound as they serve to connect the main house to a minor mass, garage, or outbuilding. Breezeways may range from 6 feet (min.) to 10 feet (max.) wide and may be open, screened or glass enclosed. Attachments to the breezeway, if subordinate to it in height and no more than 25% of the breezeway length, could house storage, mudrooms and powder rooms as long as the view from the front center court does not interrupt the rhythm of the colonnade as originally built. Breezeways should be one story (max.).
View of Front Load Homesite
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Oldfield Homesites
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Homesite Types and Guidelines FRONT ACCESS HOMESITES Homes will have driveways accessing the road in front of the homesite and will have front courts for guest parking. The house may be set forward or back on the homesite. The number of outbuildings should not exceed two.
REAR ACCESS HOMESITES Homes will be sited forward on the homesite with rear facing garages accessed via an alley. The front of the homesite should have a semi-circular drive or court for guest parking. The number of outbuildings should not exceed two.
Homes should be sited forward on the homesite and will have special design features facing the corner, such as a wrap-around porch or a special corner porch element. Most corner homesites are accessed from side streets. Corner homesites that have no adjacent side street should have drive access from the fronting road, opposite the corner. The number of outbuildings should not exceed two.
Homes on parkside homesites will be sited forward and will have rear-facing garages accessed via an alley. Parkside homesites are smaller than typical homesites. The number of outbuildings should not exceed two.
PLANTATION HOMESITES Plantation homesites call for more stately homes with a larger major mass, and have additional space for detached garages and outbuildings. The number of outbuildings should not exceed two, however the OARB may consider more for larger lots.
RIVER HOMESITES Homes will have driveways accessing the road in front of the homesite and will have front courts for guest parking. The house may be set forward or back on the homesite. The number of outbuildings should not exceed two. Because they are seen from the river, the rear of these homes must also have an historical nature. Along the rivers of the South, the rear of the house was the main entry through which guests arrived. Oldfield’s river homesites will carry this tradition forward.
DESIGN-SPECIFIC HOMESITES Design-specific homesites offer unique configurations and vistas, from flag lots with dog-leg entrances, to wide road frontage, to 180° panoramic rear views to golf course fairways and bodies of water. Designs should be approached with a sense of creativity and should take full advantage of the site’s potential.
n that Oldfield has been developed around the existing landscape and natural features, homesite configurations vary. The following homesite- type descriptions should help provide an idea of how your particular site should be approached from a perspective of layout and design. The following pages address general guidelines and design criteria, as well as specific design criteria for each type of homesite. The intent is not to imply that the following examples are the only possibilities, nor to limit the architect or designer’s creativity, but rather to offer examples as well as to emphasize the importance of breaking the overall square footage into major and minor masses. On many sites, views to the golf course, lake or marsh give a greater importance to the rear orientation and thus will give variation to the street setbacks. However, the massing requirements and guidance of the OARB will allow for a homogeneous diversity of square footages without seeming out of scale or imposing in relationship to adjoining homesites.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Patterns & Massing - Front Access Homesites
Main Mass Zone Minor Mass Zones
(Represents the area in which wings may occur. However, wings may not completely fill this area.)
Porch Zone Side Yard
Garage and Optional Outbuilding Zones Front Yard
FRONT ACCESS HOMESITES SITE AND BUILDING SETBACKS SITE SIZE The homesite sizes vary by location, but on average are 110 feet wide by 160 feet deep. YARD SETBACKS The depth of the front yard is 30 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the side yards is 10 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the backyard is 30 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. STREET ACCESS Street access shall be centered on the main mass with a width of 15 feet (max.). BUILDABLE AREA Main Mass Zone- Shall be centered left to right on the site. The front façade and main mass shall be placed to the rear half of the buildable area. The maximum width shall be 50 feet and setback 42 feet from the rear property line. Porch Zone- A 10 foot (min.) deep perimeter
around the main mass shall be permitted for attached porches. Minor Mass Zone- This zone shall be offset 2 feet (min.) from the front corner of main mass. Outbuilding & Garage Zone- This zone shall be offset 30 to 40 feet from the front property line and 14 feet (min.) from the front facade of the porch. This zone may encroach the main mass view by 6 feet (max.). Covered Breezeways- Covered breezeways are approved directly between minor masses and garage. Terraces and Decks- The remaining area defined by yard setbacks allows terraces and decks. Site Considerations- Special consideration shall be given to the placement of buildings for irregular shaped homesites and significant trees or limb structures. Balance of the main mass with the minor mass and outbuilding is the objective.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Patterns & Massing - Corner Homesites 120’ Average
Garage Entrance Zone Rear Courtyard Garage and Breezeway Zone 160’ Average
Yard Setback Zone Minor Mass Zone
(Represents the area in which wings may occur. However, wings may not completely fill this area.)
Main Mass Zone Porch Zone Corner Element Zone Front Yard
CORNER HOMESITE SITE AND BUILDING SETBACKS SITE SIZE Corner homesite sizes vary by location, but on average are 120 feet wide by 160 feet deep. YARD SETBACKS The depth of the front yard is 30 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the side yard adjacent to the street is 30 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the interior side yard is 10 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the backyard is 35 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. STREET ACCESS Street access shall be centered on the main mass with a width of 15 feet (max.). A U-shaped drive is preferred. Side street access shall be offset 35 feet (max.) from the rear property line and have a width of 15 feet (max.). Turn-around area may have an offset of 3 feet(min.) from the rear property line. BUILDABLE AREA Main Mass Zone- The front façade shall be 45 feet from the property line. The side facade ad-
dressing the corner shall be 45 feet from the side property line. The area shall be 50 feet wide (max.) by 40 feet deep (max.). Corner Element- A corner element is required to visually engage both streets. Porch Zone- A 10 foot deep perimeter around the main mass is allowed for attached porches. Front and side porches are encouraged to hold the corner. Minor Mass Zone-This zone shall be offset 2 feet (min.) from the front corner of the main mass. Outbuildings & Garages- This zone shall be offset 35 feet from rear property line and 20 feet (min.) from the main mass. This zone may encroach the view of the main mass 12 feet (max.). Covered Breezeways- Covered breezeways are approved directly between minor masses and garage. Terraces and Decks- The remaining area defined by yard setbacks allows terraces and decks. Site Considerations- Special consideration shall be given to the placement of buildings for irregular shaped sites and significant trees or limb structures. Balance of the main mass with the
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Patterns & Massing - Rear Access Homesites
Outbuilding and Garage Zones 160’ Average
Minor Mass Zones
(Represents the area in which wings may occur. However, wings may not completely fill this area.)
Main Mass Zone Front Facade Zone Porch Zone Front Yard
REAR ACCESS HOMESITE SITE AND BUILDING SETBACKS SITE SIZE The homesite sizes vary by location, but on average are 110 feet wide by 160 feet deep. YARD SETBACKS The depth of the front yard is 30 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the side yards is 10 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the backyard is 30 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. STREET ACCESS Street access shall be centered on the main mass with a width of 15 feet (max.). Alley access to garage shall not encroach on the view of the main mass and shall have a 20 foot width (max.). BUILDABLE AREA Main Mass Zone- Shall be centered left to right on the site. The front façade shall be 50-70 feet from the property line. The area shall be 50 feet wide (max) by 40 feet deep (max.). Porch Zone- A 10 foot deep perimeter around
the main mass shall be permitted for attached porches. Minor Mass Zone- This zone shall have a 2 foot (min.) offset from the front corner of the main mass. Outbuilding & Garage Zone- This zone shall be offset 30 feet from rear property line and 20 feet (min.) from main mass zone. This zone may encroach the main mass view by 6 feet (max.). Covered Breezeways- Covered breezeways are approved directly between minor masses and garage. Terraces and Decks- The remaining area defined by yard setbacks allows terraces and decks. Site Considerations- Special consideration shall be given to the placement of buildings for irregular shaped homesites and significant trees or limb structures. Balance of the main mass with the minor mass and outbuilding is the objective.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Patterns & Massing - Parkside Homesites Rear Access
Garage Zone Minor Mass Zones
(Represents the area in which wings may occur. However, wings may not completely fill this area.)
Porch Under Main Mass Main Mass Zone Porch Zone Front Yard
PARKSIDE HOMES SITE AND BUILDING SETBACKS SITE SIZE Parkside homesites are restricted to interior conditions. The site sizes vary by location, but on average are 90 feet wide by 140 feet deep. YARD SETBACKS The depth of the front yard is 17 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the side yards is 10 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the backyard is 20 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. STREET ACCESS Street access shall be centered on the garage. Access is permitted from the alley on either side or both sides. Finished width shall be 20 feet (max). BUILDABLE AREA Main Mass Zone- The front façade shall be centered left to right on the property and offset 27 feet from the property line. The area shall be 40 feet wide (max.) by 40 feet deep (max.). The main mass is also allowed to have two (2) wings
with offsets of 16 feet from the side façades and 50% of the finished main mass depth. Porch Zone- A 10-foot deep perimeter around the main mass shall be permitted for attached porches. This does not include the rear façade, where porches shall be included as part of the main mass. Minor Mass Zone- This zone shall be offset 2 feet (min.) from the front corner of main mass. Outbuildings & Garage- This zone shall be offset 20 feet from rear property line and may encroach the view of the main mass by 10 feet (max.). Covered Breezeways- Covered breezeways are approved directly between minor masses and garage. Terraces and Decks- The remaining area defined by yard setbacks allows terraces and decks. Site Considerations- Special consideration shall be given to the placement of buildings for irregular shaped sites and significant trees or limb structures. Balance of the main mass with the minor mass and outbuilding is the objective.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Patterns & Massing - Plantation Homesites
Rear Yard Outbuilding and Garage Zone Porch Zone Minor Mass Zones* Main Mass Zone Porch Zone Side Yard Minor Mass Zones
PLANTATION HOMESITE SITE AND BUILDING SETBACKS SITE SIZE The homesite sizes vary by location, but on average are 160 feet wide by 250 feet deep. YARD SETBACKS The depth of the front yard is 30 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the side yards is 10 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. The depth of the backyard is 30 feet (min.) from the property line to the buildable area. STREET ACCESS Street access shall be centered on the main mass with a width of 15 feet (max.). The parking area shall be centered on the main mass front facade. A U-shape drive is also allowed for street access. Street access to garage may occur on either side of the main mass, but not both. Street access to garage shall not encroach on the main mass and shall have a width of 20 feet (max.). BUILDABLE AREA Main Mass Zone- Shall be centered left to right on the site. The front façade and main mass shall be placed to the rear half of the buildable
area. The width shall be 50 feet (max.) and the depth shall be 40 feet (max.). Porch Zone- A 12 foot deep perimeter around the main mass shall be permitted for attached porches. Seven bay massing shall be limited to a few select larger homesites. Rear porches are highly recommended. Minor Mass Zone- This zone shall be offset 2 feet (min.) from the front corner of main mass. Outbuildings & Garages- This zone shall be offset 30 to 40 feet from rear property line. Separate outbuildings may be located in front half of buildable area. This zone shall not encroach the view of the major mass. Covered Breezeways- Covered breezeways are approved between minor masses and garage. Terraces and Decks- The remaining area defined by yard setbacks allows terraces and decks. Site Considerations- Special consideration shall be given to the placement of buildings for irregular shaped sites and significant trees or limb structures. Balance of the main mass with the minor mass and outbuilding is the objective.
*Represents the area in which wings may occur. However, wings may not completely fill this area.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Patterns & Massing - Pie-Shaped Homesites Front Access
These are only hypothetical illustrations for uniquely shaped homesites.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Patterns & Massing - Design-Specific Homesites Front Access
Front Access, Skewed Homesite
Front Access, Corner Homesite
These are only hypothetical illustrations for uniquely shaped homesites.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Patterns & Massing - Design-Specific Homesites
Pan-Handle Shaped Homesite
Porch Detail from Early American Southern Homes
he following pages set forth the parameters for the design and execution of your Oldfield home. The images and details are provided as a general reference for use by Oldfield homeowners and their architects. The examples given are but a few of many fine, appropriate elements which may be utilized in creating a home well-
seated in the history and architecture of the South. Careful consideration in the design of a home should be given to the adjacent property and neighborhood fabric. Exact duplication of existing structures within Oldfield is prohibited. Variations on themes will be allowed only at the discretion of the OARB.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Columns PORCH COLUMNS
• Tuscan or Doric, square or round,
manufacturer must be approved by the OARB.
with correct historical proportions.
• Arched openings are discouraged, but
• Ionic and Corinthian columns may
may be allowed where appropriate to style, period, and imagery presented to the OARB.
be approved if historical imagery and site location are felt to be appropriate by the OARB.
• Columns may be wood or synthetic,
Fluted Greek Doric Columns
Fluted Ionic Columns
Open Lattice Greek Doric Column
Fluted Ionic Columns
Square Greek Doric Columns on Piers
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Cornice, Soffit and Frieze CORNICES
scale and higher style cornice than minor masses.
• Cornices may be enclosed with
• With enclosed cornices, ogee crown
crown and bed mouldings or open with exposed rafter tails and roof decking, as the style may dictate.
• Size, scale and overhang depth of
Cornice with Dentils
cornice and frieze must be in proper proportion and appropriate to the style and body of the house. Major mass should generally have larger
Simple Cornice and Frieze
moulding is to be used at the fascia only (although bed moulding can be used in lieu of crown). Bed moulding is to be used where the soffit and frieze meet.
Cornice and Rake
Cornice with Triglyphs
Simple Cornice and Rake with Bracket
Cornice with Return at Rake
Detailed Cornice and Frieze
Cornice with Small Frieze
Cornice with Large Frieze
Exposed Rafter Tails
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Doors DOORS • Main entry door may be simple or elegant, but must be appropriate to style and imagery presented to the OARB. • Transoms and sidelites are encouraged. • Transoms must be a minimum of 18” high and lites should have vertical proportion.
Porch Doors with Sidelites and Transom
Elliptical Transom over Door and Sidelites
Porch Doors with Shutters
Interior of Elliptical Door Transom
Front Entry with Pilasters (Engaged Columns)
Interior of French Doors
Interior of Door with Half-Round Transom
Door with Transom and Sidelites
REAR DOORS • May be French doors in combination with or without transoms, flanked with fixed door or side lights, door dividers or mullions will be required. (Number and spacing to be determined by style and period). SCREEN DOORS • Screen doors are encouraged.
Screened Operable Sidelites
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Dormers DORMERS Use of dormers is encouraged, provided they fit within the context of the style and design of the building. Dormers may have gabled, hipped, or shed roofs, and may have single or multiple windows. • Scale and proportion of dormers is of utmost importance to the overall design. Careful attention should be given to maintain minimum width between the window, outer edge of the dormer and head or roof. • Dormer windows may be doublehung or double French casement, as the style dictates.
Hipped Dormer with Shutters
Gable Dormers with Pilaster Trim
Shed Dormer with Double-Hung Windows
Gable Dormers with Casement Windows
Shed Dormer with Gable Accent
Shed Dormer with Casement Windows
• Use of shed dormers with three or more windows are acceptable as rear dormers or on garages and outbuildings. • Dormers may have lap siding, shiplapped (butt-joint) siding, or shake shingles. (Dormer siding may not necessarily have to match that of the main body of the house.) Stucco is not an acceptable finish for dormers.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Foundations and Chimneys CHIMNEYS • Exterior chimney material is to match the foundation and masonry caps indigenous to coastal houses are preferred. • Chimney height must be a minimum of 6’ above nearest roof ridge. • Prefab fireplaces with metal flues are discouraged unless they are ventless or vented by a 4” to 6” metal round flue that cannot be seen from the front elevation and painted to match the roof and other protruding vents. Spark arresters that are required by code for prefabricated chimneys may be acceptable provided they are covered with an approved masonry cap. Special consideration should be given to the chimney size and design because the opening in the cap should be parallel to the street to prevent viewing the spark arrester from the street. • Wood burning stove flues are allowed but are preferred on rear of major mass or rear or side of minor mass.
FOUNDATIONS • Brick or stucco (brick is strongly encouraged). • Porches to have brick or stucco piers (brick is strongly encouraged). • All slab and crawl space foundations shall place the main mass of the house a minimum of 30” above grade as seen from the front elevation. • 36” to 48” foundation height above final grade to finish floor preferred.
Brick Foundation with Horizontal Fencing
STUCCO • Smooth finish, continuous product applied over vapor barrier and lath
Scored Stucco Foundation
Brick Foundation with Lattice
Pierced Brick Foundation
with 3 coat application (scratch coat, brown coat, and sand finish final coat). Final coat can be painted or color in concrete finish, but no synthetic or use of foam is permitted. If an elastomeric finish is allowed then only a fine sand finish will be permitted. Foundations and chimneys may be stucco, provided both chimneys and foundations are stucco. Use of stucco on the body of the house is allowed with an acceptable historical precedent, if approved by the OARB.
BRICK • Brick to be “wood mold” type with historically correct mortar. • Mortar joints to be raked flush or tooled to compliment the architectural style of the house. • Use of brick veneering in the body of the house is allowed with an historical example and accepted by the OARB. CRAWL SPACE LATTICE AND SKIRTING • Lattice (horizontal and vertical) minimum 1½” x ¾” to 3½” x ¾” wood or synthetic between piers (screened on back side). • Fencing – horizontal board 5½” x 1¼” wood or synthetic between piers (screened on back side). • Louvered wood vents with size appropriate to style and spacing – frame between piers with blades to shed rain (screened on back side). • Pierced brick pattern is approved where appropriate to style.
Stucco Exception on Main Body of Home
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Porches
Single-Story Wrapping Porch
PORCHES Porches are by far the most important feature of any southern home. Front porches may be one or two stories high, and are encouraged to span the full width of the main mass, but may be 50% (or 3 bays) wide, as the design may dictate. The front porch should be centered where possible on the front façade, although asymmetrical designs may be allowed under certain circumstances. Rear/side porches carry the same design
criteria, but are only required if the rear façade addresses public viewing, i.e., the golf course, the lakes, or street. Rear/side porches may be screened or glass enclosed for additional living area. (See Column and Porch Enclosure pages). Porches must be a minimum of 10 feet deep. Secondary porches must be a minimum of 6 feet in width, but may need to be wider, depending on architectural style and period.
Crown and Cornice at Rake
Cornice at Return Frieze and Architrave Two-Story Double-Gallery Wrapping Porch
Column Neck Aligns with Architrave Center of Upper ColCenter Line
Cornice at Porch Floor Frieze and Architrave Column Neck Aligns with Architrave Center Line
Lower Porch Floor
Two-Story One-Bay Porch
Three-Bay Double-Gallery Porch
Align Column Base with Face of Pier
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Porch Enclosures
Porch with Screen & Shutter Enclosure
Glass Sash Enclosure
Glass & Screen Porch Enclosures
• Enclosing the front porch, or the appearance of an enclosed front porch is not allowed.
• Enclosing side and rear porches or using these areas as interior living spaces is encouraged. Casement Window Enclosure
Double-Hung Window Enclosure
Double-Hung Window Enclosure
• The appearance of the rear porch
being glassed in but still retaining the character of open porch is allowed only if the columns and railing maintain the character of the original porch. However, the more traditional porch enclosure that uses windows with smaller glass divisions (both double hung and casement) is preferred.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Porch Floors and Ceilings PORCH FLOORING
• Brick or wood. • Radius edge decking is allowed, but must be picture framed at the perimeter.
• Wood 1¼” tongue-and-groove is preferred.
• Concrete - textured or exposed aggregate. PORCH CEILINGS
• 1 x 4, 1 x 6 plain or beaded, square edged or tongue-and-groove.
Paneled Porch Ceilings
Simple Exposed Shed Porch Roof
Exposed Metal Roof
Bead Board Ceiling
Tongue and Groove Ceiling and Floor
Exposed Roof Framing and Decking
Exposed Floor Framing
Tongue and Groove Ceiling and Floor
• Board on board to form the appearance of rectilinear flat panels. These panels may be trimmed with ogee or cove trim to embellish the panels. Size of panels may vary.
• May be open showing the rafters. The roof decking of these porches may be solid boarding or spaced boards allowing the metal to be seen from below.
• Other combinations may be accepted by OARB where appropriate to style and imagery presented.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Rails
Jigsaw Cut Balusters
Shaped Cap with Simple Shoe, Square Balusters
Chamfered Cap w/ Beaded Apron & Shoe, Jigsaw Cut Balusters
Simple Chamfered Cap, Shoe w/ Square Balusters
Round Cap, Simple Shoe with Square Balusters
Turned Baluster Railing
Oval Cap & Square Balusters
Chamfered Cap & Square Balusters
ed ow l l A
Shaped Cap With Simple Baluster
Chamfered Cap & Shoe w/ Aprons, Turned Balusters 2x4” Cap and Shoe with 2x2” Balusters
Curved Stair Railing
Jigsaw Cut Balusters
Simple Square Baluster Railing
Square Baluster Railing
Turned Baluster Railing
Round Rail With Square Balusters
PORCH RAILS • Hand and shoe railing should be appropriate to the style and local vernacular, designed in a manner to shed water away from balusters. • Hand rails may be round or oval, chamfered or eased cap with apron, which may be square, have beaded edge or simple shape. • Proper scale and proportion of hand and shoe railings to balusters are critical to the design. PORCH BALUSTERS • Square or turned balusters of correct
proportions are allowed. 11/2 x 11/2” with rounded edges are not allowed. • Square balusters should not exceed 11/4” x 11/4” hard edge. • Jigsaw cut balusters or horizontal boards in lieu of balusters are acceptable if appropriate to the design. • Wood or approved synthetic balusters are allowed, although wood is preferred. • Limestone, cast concrete, and iron railings may be approved if historical imagery and site location are felt to be appropriate by the OARB. B31
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Roofing and Gutters ROOFING Metal
• 5V Galvalume, painted or factory finish.
• Standing seam Galvalume, painted, factory finish, or copper.
• Fiberglass shingle, Grand Manor
• Half-round only, aluminum with baked on color, galvanized painted or copper.
• Downspouts to be round and match gutter color.
• Chain downspouts are discouraged.
or Timberland Slate. Architectural grade 300 lb. minimum.
Hand-Crimped Standing Seam Roof
Hand-Crimped Standing Seam Roof
5V Crimped Roof
5V CRIMPED ROOFING
PRESSED STANDING SEAM
5V Crimped Roof
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Siding and Trim SIDING AND CORNER BOARDS
• Horizontal beveled or lapped with 4” to 6” exposure to the outside, new wood, cementitious siding (smooth) or reclaimed wood.
• Horizontal butt boarding under covered porches with shiplap or tongue and groove joint. Synthetic or reclaimed wood with 5½” to 11¼” exposure - wood is the preferred material.
• Vertical board & batten for accent or minor massing, boards to be a minimum of 9½” x ¾” wood or synthetic, batten strips to be 1½” x ¾” minimum wood or synthetic – wood is the
Corner Pilaster with Lap Siding
Shingles with Corner Pilaster
Lap Siding and Board and Batten
Corner Pilaster, Band Board
Lap Siding, Corner Trim with Bead
Shingle Accent Gable
Board and Batten
• Cedar shingles, even butt or shaped – preferred for accent use only.
• Aluminum siding, vinyl siding, cedar shakes not allowed.
• Corner boards minimum of 3½” to 5½” x 1¼” smooth, wood or synthetic. (Siding must not protrude beyond corner boards.)
• Use of stucco on the body of the house is discouraged and only allowable with an acceptable historical precedent, if approved by the OARB.
ARCHITECTURAL PATTERNS Guidelines - Windows WINDOWS
• All glass surfaces to have true divided light appearance with interior and exterior glass surface broken by the muntins or sticking. This may be accomplished by a true or a simulated divided lite.
• Windows may be wood or vinyl clad (clad windows must have wood trim and sill).
/ 8” sticking is preferred over larger 1¼” to 13/ 8”.
• Window lite patterns are to be appropriate to the style of the home.
• No 1-over-1 configurations will be approved for any typical window.
• Casing to be a minimum of 1¼” x Small Casement with Single Shutter
Double-Hung Windows with Plank Shutters
Louvered Shutter w/ Rat Tails
3½” (note: some lapped siding may require 1½” minimum thickness).
1¼” x 4¼” with back band is preferred.
Wood or cementitious product allowed.
No standard 2¼” case will be allowed.
• Window sill to be a minimum of 2” thick - 3” preferred.
• The use of aprons below windows sills is not allowed.
• Pediments and sill brackets allowed
• Transoms for typical window use are not allowed. Larger windows should be used where additional light is sought. (Transoms are typically for use on doors only.) Materials are wood or leaded. Beveled or stained glass discouraged.
• Special windows – Palladian, flanked, triple hung, walk through and jib windows appropriate to historical imagery and style will be allowed where the OARB feels appropriate.
• Maintain a minimum of a 3” mull between multiple windows. SHUTTERS
• Use of shutters is strongly encouraged and only upon special exception will non-shutter solutions be permitted on front elevations.
• Board or louvered. • Functionally operable, preferably with the ability to be closed and locked from the inside.
• Shutters may be wood or synthetic. • Overlapping of shutters is discouraged and must be approved by the OARB.
• All wood shutters to be a minimum of 1¼” thick.
only where appropriate to imagery and style.
Mutt and Jeff Window (Walk-Through)
Double-Hung with Louvered Shutters
he Master Plan for Oldfield was created utilizing the existing landscape features and site elements as guides for the layout of roads, homesites, recreational amenities and the golf course. An understanding of drainage patterns, natural ecosystems, and historic elements has led to detailed planning that balances the delicate environment with the site improvements. The architectural patterns within this book are influenced by the historic styles of built form found throughout
the lowcountry. The development of the site and the creation of a new landscape within each homesite will be influenced by both the natural conditions that each homesite offers as well as the architectural styles that are placed on and around the site. The following site planning and landscape guidelines will help you accomplish this same careful balance between the site and built environment that is found throughout Oldfield.
LANDSCAPE PATTERNS Site Planning
Respect for the Existing Landscape
ach Oldfield homesite has special characteristics, as well as planned or man-made features which will help determine how the site is ultimately constructed. Careful attention to the natural elements and adjacent homes and processes, such as significant vegetation and solar orientation, will all help determine the best arrangement of the site plan. A careful examination of the site prior to construction is required. This involves obtaining a detailed tree and topographic site survey to physically locate all existing elements including trees and other important vegetation, drainage, and site contouring as well as any other significant natural site feature. One very important characteristic of Oldfield is the orientation of the house to the street. Almost every home will be viewable from the road and will have consistencies of setback and placement between adjacent homes. This will reinforce the street character and will maintain continuity between homes. Views into and away from the house and homesite are one of the most important site planning elements to consider when placing and designing the house and supporting structures. Views into the front entry court and drive from the road should be perceived as though the home is not obtrusive to the street and comparable with adjacent homes. Views into the rear and side should also appear harmonious with the surrounding natural and built environment. Perhaps one of the greatest opportunities for capturing views and adding value to the home is the view from the rear. Most homesites are planned to have some view from the rear, whether it is an amenity such as the golf course or a lagoon, or a built element such as a garden and landscap-
ing. Views both into and out from the homesites will greatly affect the placement of the house. Significant trees and vegetation may exist on the homesite. In addition to a tree survey on heavily treed sites or those with unusually large live oak trees, a limb survey and consultation with a certified arborist for tree care during the construction process is required. It is both to your advantage as well as your neighbor’s, to attempt to keep significant trees and vegetation within the site as much as possible. Shading portions of the house through existing tree cover can help to cool the home during warmer months, while placing other elements in a sunny, southern facing orientation can assist in solar warming. Also, trees and vegetation within setbacks can create natural buffers and can begin to suggest where landscape planting beds may occur. Setbacks and buffers will also offer areas within the homesite that can contribute to the placement of the home as well as the layout of its interior. These setbacks and buffers are defined for each specific homesite type. Homes, or any section thereof, as well as other site features and improvements, may not be located on or across the setback lines, unless otherwise identified, or as a requested variance. Certain site improvements, as listed in the following table, may be located across specified setbacks as a variance when necessary. However these are subject to OARB review and approval.
LANDSCAPE PATTERNS Grading and Site Clearing Typical Site Analysis 16” Pecan 10” Pine 18” Oak
18” Water Oak
GRADING Site grading should be kept to a minimum so that it accommodates directional sheet flow to common properties of Oldfield and not to property owners. Any alteration of site drainage must be clearly indicated on the site plan in the preliminary stage for OARB approval. Any grading necessary within the site should be done in a gradual and non-abrupt manner with properly installed silt fencing in place and maintained throughout the duration of the construction. Large earthen berms or lagoons are discouraged in most instances. However, exceptions may be made in special cases where screening is necessary or the lagoon feature is required for the site engineering. Retaining walls may be used when it is necessary to preserve vegetation or when it is incorporated with the architecture of the house. Materials for retaining walls are discussed in the Exterior Features and Details guidelines section. Site drainage should be planned in concert with the Oldfield overall drainage master plan. Whenever possible, underground piping should be used to direct storm water away from structures SITE ELEMENTS Vertical Construction
and to help mitigate the potential of erosion on the site. Channeling or ditching, other than those channels or ditches planned within the overall drainage master plan, should be avoided and concentration flow to existing waterways, ponds and lagoons is prohibited. In general, runoff should be directed to the existing or man-made channels or structures designed for the whole community. SITE CLEARING The typical homesite within Oldfield is approximately 1/2-acre. This size lends itself to highly organized designs that are community- and street-oriented. Upon consideration of the natural elements and the architectural style, the house can be situated on the homesite and the limits of site clearing can be identified. Due to the high level of design and development within each homesite, clearing will inevitably occur. However, it is required that significant vegetation be preserved on site and that the architecture respond to the trees and vegetation. Typically, the goal for site clearing for buildings and improvements shall not exceed 60% of the total site size unless an exception is specifically granted by the OARB.
SETBACK FROM PROPERTY LINE Roof Eaves and Overhangs
May Cross Over Setbacks
Fenced Service Yards
10’ from Side Property Line 30’ from Rear Property Line
Fences and Landscape Walls
Must be within the building setbacks. Allowed at Front Yard Only to Connect Major and Minor Architectural Mass
Driveways (Except as specifically allowed with rear access lanes)
5’ from Side Property Line 30’ from Rear Property Line
Pools, Spas and Hot Tubs (In-ground 18” or less above existing grade)
5’ from Side Property Line 15’ from Rear Property Line 30’ from Property Line Adjacent to Golf Course
Decks, Patios and Terraces (18” or less above existing grade)
5’ from Side Property Line 15’ from Rear Property Line 30’ from Property Line Adjacent to Golf Course
LANDSCAPE PATTERNS The Hardscape Plan Typical Hardscape Plan
Existing Trees Preserved on Site
EXTERIOR FEATURES & DETAILS The beauty and character of a successful community is in the details. Hardscape, garden structures, lighting, site furniture, and other built elements within a site should work together to form a cohesive yet uniquely beautiful design throughout each neighborhood. From entry courts to casual patios and
pools, the finishes should flow from one area to the other and be perceived as a seamless design. The general intention of the exterior features and details design guidelines is to suggest that all elements blend as a part of a cohesive and unified plan.
Tabby Concrete with Brick
Granite Screenings Walkway
LANDSCAPE PATTERNS Driveways and Walkways DRIVEWAYS Driveways are an extension of the home and therefore should be purposefully designed and constructed with respect to the style and architecture of the home. The following driveway surfaces are approved for all homesites. These include:
• Asphalt with some applied aggregate such as shell or stone.
• Brick or concrete pavers. • Tabby concrete. • Oyster shell or granite screenings with brick or steel edging.
• Pervious surfaces where possible or as required by OARB. Brick and Cobble Walk
Granite Screenings Walkway
Natural Driveway with Brick Banding
When using an oyster shell or granite screening, a permanent hard surface (brick / concrete pavers or tabby concrete) driveway apron shall extend from the road a minimum of 15 feet toward the house. The width of the driveway shall be a maximum of 12 feet unless tree preservation dictates otherwise. Use of scored or colored concrete is discouraged.
Traditional Brick Walkway
Brick Stepping Stones
WALKWAYS Similar to driveways, walkways too are extensions of the built environment and shall be intentionally detailed using the following materials:
• Brick or concrete pavers. • Tabby concrete. • Oyster shell or granite screenings with brick or steel edging.
• Grass pavers (grass grown between pavers).
• Cobble. • Bluestone. CULVERTS Installation of a culvert, where necessary, is the responsibility of the property owner or general contractor and shall be 12” or 15” reinforced concrete pipe with flared end sections or a 10” to 12” ductile iron pipe as required.
LANDSCAPE PATTERNS Exterior Features and Details FENCING In general, perimeter fencing is considered to be an avoidable element in the landscape plan. Fences often unnecessarily block views of amenities, lagoons, and open spaces from neighboring homesites. However, if properly planned with respect to the architecture and designed in a low, unobtrusive manner, fencing at the front of the house may be acceptable when used to define and frame the entrance space of the home and connect major and minor architectural masses. However, driveway entrance fencing shall not include operable gates or enclosures of any type. Permanently attached, pedestrian gates may be approved on a case-by-case basis. The fence height shall not exceed 3 feet above finished grade and be within the building setback. Acceptable fence materials shall include:
White Washed Fence Detail
• Masonry (for entrance fences, retaining walls and other uses).
• Wrought iron, painted black or Charleston green (for entrance fences and other uses). Entry Courtyard with Traditional Details
Wood Arbor with Jasmine
• Wood board on board and other screen fences (for service yards only).
• Wood picket and railing fences (for entrance fences and other uses).
• Wood post and hog wire with trailing vines (living fence). The material and detailing shall be selected to match or complement the principal house structure siding and style. The fence styles illustrated in the adjacent photos shall be allowed, if complementary to the architectural design of the home. Wood Deck
WALLS Landscape walls are often used adjacent to the house for structural or aesthetic purposes. Also used as planters, seat walls, and for garden terraces, walls can help organize areas within the lot, when appropriate. Retaining walls and tree wells are discouraged and must be approved by the OARB. Recommended materials include:
• Masonry. • Wood. • Stucco. • Tabby concrete. Materials such as landscape timbers and railroad ties are discouraged due to the life-cycle costs and maintenance inherent in an organic building material. Walls shall not exceed 3 feet in height for aesthetic features such as garden walls and planters and be within the setbacks. Walls used for structural purposes related to the house shall comply with the architectural guidelines section within this Pattern Book and are subject to all applicable guidelines inherent in vertical construction as well as the above guidelines. DECKS, PATIOS & TERRACES Decks, patios and terraces can add a great deal of value to the outdoor spaces around the home. It is necessary to design these spaces with close coordination to the home. Two types of decks and patios exist:
• Above-grade (greater than 18” above existing grade – vertical construction) is discouraged. At-grade and above-grade decks, patios and terraces should be designed with careful consideration to all site planning issues such as storm drainage, lighting, and views. At-grade spaces shall consider the following materials for construction:
• Brick or concrete pavers. • Slate, cut-stone, or terrazzo. • Tabby concrete. • Treated wood decking. Pavers and stone materials should be placed in sand to help facilitate drainage. Above-grade spaces such as elevated decks shall be reviewed with the architectural sketches of the home and as such are subject to all applicable guidelines inherent in vertical construction as well as the following guidelines. All open spaces beneath decks shall be screened with approved lattice between vertical posts or piers or filled in with complementary siding to match the home. Landscape screening may also be required around deck construction. All vertical elements related to the construction of an above-grade deck (railings, benches, coverings, etc.) shall have an appropriate finish and detailing that is complementary to the house siding material as well.
• At-grade (no higher than 18” above existing grade – horizontal construction) is recommended.
LANDSCAPE PATTERNS Exterior Features and Details SWIMMING POOLS, SPAS & HOT TUBS Pools, spas and hot tubs may be placed within the lot on the rear and side lot only and may not be placed on the front portion of the lot. All pool equipment must be visually screened and shall be acoustically buffered from adjacent homes. If possible, equipment shall be placed in the fenced service yard, underground or in a mechanical vault to help baffle noise and visually screen equipment. Equipment, such as tools, hoses, chemicals, etc., used for pool, spa and hot tub maintenance should also be stored in a screened service yard or vault. Two types of pools, spas and hot tubs exist: • In-ground (no higher than 18” above existing grade – horizontal construction) is recommended. • Above-ground (greater than 18” above existing grade – vertical construction) is discouraged. In-ground pools are similar to atgrade decks, patios and terraces in that the decking material shall conform to the guidelines specified for those spaces. Recommended in-ground pool decking materials shall include:
• Brick or concrete pavers. • Cut-stone or terrazzo. • Tabby concrete. • Cool Deck painted surface. • Treated wood decking. Above-ground pools shall be reviewed with the architectural sketches of the home and as such are subject to all applicable guidelines inherent in vertical construction as well as the following guidelines. Landscape screening may
also be required around deck/retaining wall required for above ground pool construction. All vertical elements related to the construction of an above-grade pool deck (retaining walls, railings, benches, coverings, etc.) shall have an appropriate finish and detailing that is complementary to the house siding material.
Decorative Garden Bench
GARDEN STRUCTURES Trellises, gazebos, arbors, columns and gateways used within the landscape shall be complementary to the style and architecture of the house and surrounding and adjacent structures and be within the building setback. Recommended materials include:
• Masonry. • Wrought iron. • Stucco. • Wood (painted or treated to match home finish). MOSQUITO/NO-SEE-UM AUTOMATIC MISTING SYSTEMS Landscaping requirements for outdoor areas such as pools, patios, decks and porches incorporate native plants and other plants are designed to attract butterflies, birds and other wildlife. Home-based mosquito/insect misting systems use chemicals (such as perme-
thrins, pyrethrums and other insecticides) designed to knock down and kill flying insects including bees, butterflies, moths and other beneficial insects, in addition to mosquitoes and no-seeums. Because of the general properties of these chemicals, automatic mosquito/insect misting/spraying systems are not allowed for use in Oldfield. OUTDOOR LIGHTING Area, accent and landscape lighting are all subject to review and approval. All lighting shall conceal the point source of the light, not to be mounted in the trees, and shall not negatively affect adjacent landowners. Tree mounted lighting is discouraged. Outdoor lighting should only be bright enough to provide adequate downward light for safety of movement through exterior spaces, and aesthetic/ accent lighting of landscape and landscape elements. Generally, pedestrian areas, such as walks, do not need to be as well lit as roads. However, stairs, doorways, and recesses should be lit for safety (as much as 5 footcandles in well lit areas). Integral lighting within elements such
as steps, rails and walls will help to conceal and protect the light source. Accent lighting on walls, buildings, trees and landscaping shall be used when dramatic illumination effects are desired. However, these lighting effects shall not negatively impact adjacent homeowners or passersby. Using shielded fixtures when illuminating vertical elements will conceal the point source of the light. The light source shall be directed no greater than 30 degrees from vertical. Floodlights are not permitted. The lighting plan shall indicate the location, type and specifications for all fixtures used. Pictures or product literature must be included with the plan. In general, the lighting, both fixture types and areas lighted, shall complement the home and architecture. Stylized fixtures reminiscent of Lowcountry or regional character shall be encour
Trellis with Swing and Carolina Jasmine
aged. Gas lighting is permitted and encouraged within Oldfield, using the same stylized fixtures as noted above. SATELLITE DISHES Small satellite dishes, although discouraged, shall not exceed 24”, in diameter and shall be permanently mounted to the house or other structure, following approval from the OARB. If mounted at ground level, the dish shall be screened with plans to visually block
views from the road or adjacent homes. Large antennas, CB (citizen’s band) radio communications equipment and other larger exterior mounted communication devices shall not be permitted. SERVICE YARDS All service equipment used to support the house and other buildings and devices for the homesite shall be located within the service yard. A fence, at a minimum height to adequately block views from the road and adjacent homes, and of a character consistent with and complementary to the house, shall enclose the yard and be within the building setback. Vegetation, if approved, must provide immediate and continuous screening.
Use of bright colors or elaborate designs shall not be permitted. PET FACILITIES Dog runs or pens shall fall under the guidelines of fencing and must be approved by the ARB. Residents shall comply with all Beaufort County regulations concerning pet licenses and ordinances, such as the “leash” ordinance. Dog houses located in a place as inconspicuous as possible may be permissible as approved by the OARB. Use of invisible fencing is strongly encouraged as a means to contain pets.
GARDEN ORNAMENTATION Sculptures, fountains, statues and any other yard ornamentation shall be reviewed by the OARB. Their location and appearance is limited and should be submitted on a landscape plan with a sketch or picture for final approval.
CARPORTS Covered carports are allowed provided they are an integral part of the architectural style of the house and that any stored equipment, tools, bicycles, mowers and the like are permanently screened in enclosed storage areas or behind screen fencing. Carports are not permitted to be open to the road or adjacent properties. Screening materials may be necessary.
RECREATIONAL AREAS The location and appearance of recreational areas such as playgrounds, basketball courts, and other permanent structures are subject to review and approval by the OARB. All equipment shall blend in with the surrounding natural environment or architecture.
SIGNAGE No signage of any kind may be erected on a lot except as approved by the OARB under approved plans for construction, for residential identification or as required by legal proceedings. Property owners are responsible for the cost of required signage.
Bench and Arbor
LANDSCAPE PATTERNS The Landscape Plan Typical Landscape Plan
Continuous Grass Strip
Tree Preservation and Enhancement
DESIGN GUIDELINES The following basic design guidelines should be followed to establish a level of consistency between all homes within Oldfield: • Landscape designs for both shrubs and sod along side yards shall be coordinated between neighboring lots to help blend and create a cohesive landscape treatment between yards. • Continuous grass strip along the street frontage with smooth continuous alignment of grass from lot to lot. • The landscape plan shall include a planting list and must incorporate at least 50% native species in the planting plan. See appendix for a list of native species or contact staff naturalist for planting recommendations. • Plant sizes shall be specified for immediate effect. Undersized and dwarf plantings will be discouraged unless used as foreground and ground cover plantings. • All plant beds and turf areas shall be irrigated. Zones shall be set-up according to plant types and watering needs. More specifically, turf areas shall be on a separate zone than other planting areas. • Irrigation risers over 18” in total height above grade are discouraged. Automatic irrigation controllers must be adjustable for seasonal use and have a rain sensor mounted in a place open to the sky and away from roof run-off. • The planting design shall complement the architecture of the house and all supporting structures and include plants. Continuous foundation plantings are discouraged. Appropriate plants shall be used along the driveway and entrance to the house to designate and frame the entrance of the house. Unique
planting, such as vegetable gardens and garden terraces shall be placed to prevent viewing from adjacent lots. The following lists items that should be avoided in the creation of a planting plan: • Digging into the root system of a significant tree (prohibited). • Removal of specimen trees that may be incorporated into the design of the homesite. • Side property lines articulated by single rows of plants or hedges which are not coordinated and integrated with the neighboring landscape design. • Monoculture, or over use of a single specimen. • Over diversification, or use of too many plant types and species, especially those not indigenous to the region. • Insufficient screening or planting around undesirable areas such as service yards large, windowless walls, and parking areas. • Use of a large number of specimens known to be highly attractive to deer. • Excessive landscape lighting and the exterior illumination of the house. EXISTING VEGETATION Every site in Oldfield offers a varying set of existing conditions that should be considered during the site planning stage of the design process. Stands of young and old hardwoods and conifers are prevalent throughout the property. However, not every tree is a specimen and therefore not every tree, shrub or plant will be preserved on the site. When possible, significant vegetation especially specimen trees should be incorporated into the design plan. The OARB reserves the right to require a redesign of the home site or require the services of a certified arbor-
ist or horticulturist in order to protect and preserve mature, healthy trees or trees considered significant during the construction and landscaping process. To fully understand the implications of the existing vegetation within your homesite, it is required that a tree survey be completed by a certified land surveyor. This document will provide the basis for making design decisions on your homesite. NATURALIZED AREAS Naturalized areas are areas that do not receive extensive landscape improvements, such as turf and irrigation but that may receive additional plants and general maintenance. No more than 15% of the site shall be left as a disturbed mulch only. The edges of all natural areas shall be maintained in the same manner as a planting bed, including consistent edging of turf and removal of landscape debris and undesirable understory growth. All other areas within the homesite shall be planted with turf grass or shall be a fully maintained plant bed. TURF Turf grass areas will be required on all lots. Major turf areas may be placed in the front, back and side yards. Turf shall not be placed within designated wetlands or nature preserve areas. Over seeding with winter grasses shall be placed only in established turf grass areas. MULCH Shredded hardwood mulch and pine straw shall be the only types of mulch allowed. All plant beds, trees and shrubs shall be mulched with a minimum of 4” of mulch. As mulch decomposes and deteriorates, new mulch shall be placed in all mulched areas every 6 months, or as needed. C8
REVIEW PROCESS & SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS OVERVIEW The review process has been designed to make both the review procedures and end result of building your home at Oldfield as efficient and rewarding as possible. We have tried to ask for information which is only absolutely required to aid in this process. As a result, we believe you will find building your home at Oldfield to be as pleasant an experience as living in this very special community. RESEARCH & DOCUMENT REVIEW Prior to beginning the submission process, a full review of these guidelines, construction guidelines and policies, and the Oldfield Covenants and Declarations, including any updates and revisions, should occur. Any questions regarding the review process or any of the requirements or guidelines should be directed to the OARB Administrator. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to constitute a waiver of any government requirement. Compliance with all laws, regulations, ordinances, rules, codes or restrictions is demanded. ARCHITECT, DESIGNER, BUILDER & LANDSCAPER OVERVIEW Before commencing any construction-related activity within Oldfield, all architects and design professionals; all builders; and all landscaping professionals must be in good standing under Oldfield’s Architect, Designer, Builder and Landscaper Programs. Oldfield property owners who do not possess a valid building license shall not be permitted to act as a contractor for their own home. An owner with a valid building license must apply for and go through the normal builder process before commencing any construction activity.
This approach is strongly discouraged unless Owner can demonstrate a strong building history. Applications can be obtained from the OARB Administrator. DESIGN The finished area of the major mass may not exceed 3,500 square feet. (Additional finished area may be allowed within the third floor attic or ground level of raised cottages, with OARB approval.) Finished area over a garage may not exceed 400 square feet, and guest houses may not exceed 1,200 square feet on the first floor, but may have additional finished attic space. The minimum finished area of any main house is 2,000 square feet. Homes with finished areas of 2,000 – 3,000 square feet must have full-width porches, front and rear, unless an exception is granted by the OARB under very unusual circumstances. These guidelines are for typical homesite configurations. Smaller homesites may or may not have the potential for outbuildings, whereas larger lots may have opportunity for additional square footage, with approval from the OARB. Total impervious area, including roofed structures, drives, walks, terraces, and decks must be less than 50% coverage of the total area of the homesite. Oldfield encourages its residents to take pride in the design of their home and grounds. It is also a belief that a design team, including pre-qualified design professionals, will elevate the level of design and help to create a better overall concept and plan. It is required that an Oldfield architect, designer and a landscape architect or designer be a part of the design team.
SURVEY A topographic and tree survey is required for the submission process. The tree survey shall locate all trees 4” and above and all 6” (caliper inches) and above. Use a certified land surveyor for the completion of the survey. ORIENTATION MEETING A meeting prior to the submission process is required for any improvement projects subject to an OARB review. This meeting may be held at the OARB office or on the homeowner’s site with an OARB representative and the design team. The purpose of the meeting is to generally discuss the overall design intent and to answer any initial questions that anyone has at that time. Items reviewed may include photos of homes similar in design to what the homeowner wants to build, conceptual plans, elevations and the Oldfield Design Guidelines. CONCEPTUAL PLAN REVIEW The conceptual plan review is the first step in the review process and is intended to identify the overall design concept. Any major problems, concerns or other issues are typically addressed during this review. The design team must be present at this review. The requirements for this submission are as follows: Site Analysis Plan shall include: A sketch plan of the site. An outline of the building, location and primary site improvements with respect to site characteristics such as views, existing vegetation, and any other conditions that may affect the placement and design of the home and grounds.
Conceptual Architectural Plans shall include: Sketches of the floor plan(s). At least four elevations. General style of the home. Height above natural grade. Square footage of the home. If the home has been inspired by existing design(s), copies of pictures from books or magazines illustrating the concept would be helpful. Site impact on natural area calculation. Certified Site Survey (from a certified land surveyor) shall include: Property lines with bearings and distances. Setbacks, easements or other restrictive areas. Size, location and type of all trees 4” caliper inches and above, as well as any other vegetation that will influence the design of the home and grounds. Limb survey for heavily-treed sites. Topographic contours at 1 foot intervals. Drainage swales, ditches and pipe systems and structures. Existing utility information such as water, sanitary sewer and electricity. Lagoons, wetlands, or other natural or manmade water features including elevations for water elevation, water edge and top of bank. Location of adjacent structures. including corners of buildings, fences, roadway or any other structures or natural features that would affect the design of the home and grounds. Plan scale. North arrow. Homeowner(s) name and address. Solar orientation.
PRELIMINARY REVIEW The preliminary review is intended to be a review of the design of home and site improvements documents prior to completing final construction documents. This review will help clarify with the OARB, homeowner(s) and design team any areas within the design that may not have been clear in the conceptual review and will address any sketch plan comments. The requirements for this review submission are as follows: On-site flagging and staking of the following items: Property lines. Building footprint with garage and any other major structures. Driveway. Trees and other vegetation to be removed (flagged in red). Properly installed silt fencing and tree protection must be approved by OARB onsite. Site Plan shall include: Building footprints, driveway and other site improvements on a plan at a scale of no less than 1/16” scale or 1”=20’. Percentage of site to be cleared. Plan shall also show existing conditions pertinent to the design of the home including but not limited to trees, contours, roadways, property lines and setbacks. Architectural Plans and Elevations shall include: Floor plan with overall dimensions. Total enclosed square footage (heated and non-heated) for major and minor masses.
Chimney height. Rooms labeled and dimensioned. Four elevation drawings to include overall height from ground level to roof and indicate roof pitch. Scale models are not a requirement but are useful to both the OARB and the owner in evaluating the plan. Materials and color schedules must include samples of all exterior materials and color chips on foam core board in standard 8-1/2” x 11” format. No final approval of colors and materials will be given prior to the on-site material mock-up inspection by an ARB representative. Porch widths for front, back and side porches. Driveway width, including apron length. Breezeway width and height. Homesite coverage calculation showing square footage and percentage of site impacted by any building footprints, driveways and any other vertical or horizontal improvements. Preliminary Landscape Plan shall include: Areas of lawn. Planting beds. Existing and proposed trees, shrubs, vines and other ground covers. Mulch areas. Proposed fencing. Existing natural areas should be identified. Proposed trees and shrubs should be labeled with their common and scientific names and planted sizes. All proposed plantings should be graphically depicted at mature size.
REVIEW PROCESS & SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS FINAL REVIEW The final review is intended to be the final step in the review and submission process. Typically all major design decisions and issues have been worked out between the homeowner(s), design team and the OARB prior to submission of the final review design documents. The requirements for this review are as follows: Site Mobilization Plan drawn at a scale of no less than 1/16” scale or 1”=20’ shall include the following: Existing trees to remain and to be removed. Identify removed trees with an X. Location of all pertinent site information such as property lines, golf course, lagoons, wooded areas, easements and setbacks. Topographical data including proposed and existing grades. Indicate proposed finished floor elevations for all structures. Drainage information should also be indicated on the plan with proposed drainage solutions and any special system or equipment specified. All proposed horizontal improvements including but not limited to driveways, walks, patios, decks, terraces and pools shall be clearly identified. All proposed vertical improvements including but not limited to proposed building(s), fences, walls, and other structures. Label and note distance of proposed elements to property lines. Water and sanitary sewer system and associated features location. Electricity lines. Telephone lines. Cable lines. Indicate placement of portable toilet and trash receptacle on lot.
Show fencing barrier around trees and sedimentation control. Indicate proposed area for placement of required builder sign and building permits. All variance requests shall be noted and highlighted on the plan. Define construction access. Architectural Floor Plans, Elevations, Wall Sections, Details, Roof Plans, Etc., shall include: Floor plan at 1/4” scale shall illustrate: Total square footage (heated and unheated) including screened porches, garages, gazebos, and other outbuildings. Total enclosed heated and air-conditioned space (by floor). Finished floor elevations. Foundation plan. Power panel (same side as temporary pole and transformer to minimize trenching). Elevations at 1/4” scale shall illustrate: All sides. Material specifications. Existing grade and finished grade. Dimension from 1st floor to uppermost ridge. Typical porch section. Typical wall section(s) must illustrate: Materials. Roof pitch. Fences, screens, exterior walls, etc. Details – The architect shall supply all necessary exterior details including but not limited to: Window/door trim sections. Column, rail, cornice, entablature. Fascia/rake/soffit/frieze. Any other reasonable details as requested by the OARB, which would
facilitate their accurate construction. Roof plan at 1/4” scale. CONSTRUCTION PERMITS Following OARB final approval the contractor obtains a Beaufort County building permit and provides a copy to the OARB along with a refundable compliance deposit. Following a pre-construction conference held at the construction site, the OARB will issue two OARB building permits. The first Oldfield permit will be the Foundation Permit. The second Oldfield building permit for vertical construction will be issued after the ARB receives and approves the Foundation As Built. No construction may begin until the OARB permit is issued. ON-SITE MATERIAL MOCK-UP INSPECTION It is required that the OARB approve the exterior paint selection before painting the entire body of the house. Paint a 10’x10’ section of the exterior paint color and call the OARB to arrange for an on-site inspection. MODIFICATIONS & FUTURE IMPROVEMENTS Changes to the approved site plans, building documents, and landscape plans may be made at anytime at the written request of the homeowner(s). Plans depicting proposed modification and a request letter shall be submitted to the OARB for review and approval. Final Landscape Plan shall be submitted within 30 days of rough in and include the following: Existing trees to remain and to be removed. Identify removed trees with an X. Location of all pertinent site information such as property lines, golf course,
lagoons, wooded areas, easements and setbacks. Locate all proposed plantings and related improvements including trees, shrubs, groundcovers, perennials and annuals, grasses. Turf and mulched areas. Label or key each proposed planting. All proposed plantings should be graphically depicted at mature size. Include a plant materials list that identifies each proposed planting through a key legend or symbol. Include the height, spread, container and additional remark specifications for each plant. Irrigation system layout and equipment shall be indicated on this plan or as an attachment. Exterior lighting systems and components shall be indicated (if applicable) on this plan or as an attachment. Fencing. FINAL INSPECTION Once landscaping is complete and following receipt of a copy of the as-built construction documents; Certificate of Occupancy from Beaufort County; and a completed checklist review of both the OARB Architectural Guidelines and Oldfield Declarations and Covenants, a final inspection notification shall be issued with a returned compliance deposit. OARB PROCESS & APPEALS The review process is described briefly below. Application is made to the OARB at least 7 days prior to the regularly scheduled meeting. Any submission that is incomplete will not be placed on the agenda until a complete submission is received, at least 7 days prior to the next regularly scheduled meeting.
The OARB reviews plans and a deci-
Application fee (non-refundable) sub-
sion is based on a simple majority.
mitted with the preliminary plan.
The OARB confirms or takes exception
Compliance deposit submitted prior to
to the application within 45 days of the OARB meeting and the owner is notified that the application is incomplete, has been approved, approved with stipulations, or disapproved. Reasons for disapproval are cited. The OARB may disapprove an application as a deferral because the application inadequately describes the requested change from a previous plan review. In the majority of cases involving minor concerns, the OARB’s suggested solutions can be clarified for the owner. It is the sincere objective of the OARB to provide specific examples wherever and whenever comments are made in plan submissions. A revised application may then be submitted and reviewed in the same fashion as the initial application. If the application is still disapproved at this time, or if the owner does not wish to make an informal appeal to the OARB; a formal appeal, in writing, may be made to the OARB. The formal appeal involves a reconsideration of the application based on the rationale presented by the applicant’s written appeal. The appeal will be reviewed by the OARB and additional professional consultants as needed. The OARB’s decision is based on a simple majority. The applicant is informed of the OARB’s decision within 10 days of the OARB meeting.
issuance of the OARB building permit, refundable under terms of final inspection.
FEES & DEPOSITS Conceptual plan review fee (non-refundable) submitted with the initial sketch plan.
LOT MAINTENANCE Oldfield is committed to maintaining the character and integrity of the natural beauty of the community, as well as property values. Property owners of underdeveloped lots must participate in Oldfield’s bush-hogging program which provides for periodic mowing scheduled around the songbird and small mammal nesting seasons and as growth dictates, usually twice annually. This includes mowing, removing, clearing, cutting or pruning of underbrush, weeds and other unsightly growth detracting from the overall beauty, setting, safety and value of the property. Property owners are responsible for the removal of fallen or potentially dead trees, diseased or damaged trees, etc. In order to preserve nesting sites, nursery trees, or trees beneficial to wildlife, all trees, fallen or standing, must be approved prior to removal by Oldfield staff naturalist. Property owners may arrange for removal themselves within a reasonable period of time after discovery or removal will be contracted by Oldfield. Oldfield reserves the right to remove trees posing an immediate safety hazard or prevent the spread of disease and entrance upon any property for the purposes of lot maintenance shall not be deemed a trespass. Owners are responsible for bush-hogging and tree removal costs. While every effort has been made to provide complete and correct guidelines in this Pattern Book, the OARB has final decision-making authority to clarify inconsistencies and resolve any questions that may arise. D2
APPENDIX Recommended Plant List
hese tables list plants that are native, but may be naturalized, adaptable to our area, or beneficial to wildlife. This list has been developed with consideration of factors such as surrounding forest components, wildlife and habitat compatibility, cold hardiness, maintenance, etc. Some of the plants are known to be the vegetation on which deer may choose to feed. Although it is the homeowner’s responsibility to understand the characteristics of each plant an its appropriateness to the landscape design, certain plants may be eliminated from plans due to invasive characteristics or incompatibility by the OARB. Other plants may be subsituted for plants within this list if of similar form, habit and other selection criteria, subject to approval by the OARB. Note to landscape architect/landscaper -- We are always improving on our native plant list. If you would like to suggest an addition to our list or would like to inquire how to incorporate more native plants into your landscape plans for Oldfield and other projects, please contact our staff naturalist.
WILD FLOWERS Adter Spp. Asclepias humustrata Baptisia alba Borrichia frutescens Chimophila maculata Chrysanthemum spp. Cirsium carolinianum Clitoria mariana Coreopsis lanceolata Erysthrina herbacea Galctactia volubilis Gallardia pulchella Goodyera pubescens Helianthus spp. Hexastvlis ariflolia Ipomea spp. Liastris graminofolia Lobelia glandulosa Lupinus villosus Polygala spp. Poycananthemum spp. Rhexia virginica Solidago spp. Tradescantia Trilium discolor Verbascum thapsis Verbena spp. Viola spp.
Aster Sand Milkweed Wild Indigo Sea Oxe-eye Pipsissewa Oxe-eye Daisy Purple Thistle Butterfly Pea Coreopsis Coral Bean Milk Vetch Blanket Flower Rattlesnake Plaintain Sunflower Wild Ginger Morning Glory Blazing Star Purple Logella Lady Lupine Milkworts Horsemint Meadow Beauty Goldenrod Spiderwort Trillium Mullien Verbena Wood Violet
Achillea millefolium Aesclepias tuberoso Asclepias humustrata Aster spp Baccaris halimifolia Baptisia alba Borrichia frutescens Buddelia spp Callistemon citrinus Cassia spp Chimophila maculata Chrysantemum spp. Cirsium carolinianum Clitoria mariana Coreopsis lanceolata Cyrilla racemiflora Daucus carota Echinacea purpurea Erysthrina herbacea Eupatorium purpureum Gaillardia puchella Galctactia volubilis Goodyera pubescens Helianthus spp. Hexastylis ariflolia Impatiens capensis Ipomea spp. Lantana spp
Yarrow Butterflyweed Sand Milkweed Any Asters Groundsel Tree Wild Indigo Sea Oxe-eye Butterfly Bush Bottlebrush Any Pea Plants Pipsissewa Oxe-eye Daisy Purple Thistle Butterfly Pea Coreopsis Wild Cyrilla (Titi) Queen Anne’s Lace Purple Coneflower Coral Bean Joe-Pye-Weed Indian Blanket Milk Vetch Rattlesnake Plaintain Sunflower Wild Ginger Jewelweed Morning Glory Lantana
MEDIUM DECIDUOUS SHRUBS Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry Amopha fruticosa False Indigo Calycanthus floridus Sweet-shrub Clethra alnifolia Sweet Pepperbush Cortaderia selloana Pampas Gras Eunonymous americanus Strawberry Bush Fothergillia minor Dwarf Witch Alder Hybiscus moscheutos Rose Mallow Ilex verticillata Winterberry Illex laevigata Smooth Winterberry Itea virginica Sweetspire Rhododendron nudiflorum Pinxter Azalea Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac
Liastris graminofolia Liatris elegans Lobelia glandulosa Lonicera sempevirens Lupinus villosus Monardad didyma Passiflora incarnate Polygala spp. Poycananthemum spp. Rhexia virginica Rudbeckia hirta Solidago spp. Tradescantia Trilium discolor Verbascum thapsis Verbena spp. Viola spp. Herbs (various spp)
Blazing Star Blazing Star Purple Logella Coral Honeysuckle Lady Lupine Bee Balm Passionflower Milkworts Horsemint Meadow Beauty Blackeyed Susan Goldenrod Spiderwort Trillium Mullein Verbena Wood Violet Fennel Parsley Cilantro Dill
NATIVE WETLAND PLANTS Arisaema triphyllum Canna flacida Carex spp. Erianthus giganteus Hibiscus spp Hydrocotyle umbellate Juncus spp. Nelumbo lutea Peltandra virginica Polygonum lapathifolium Pontederia cordata Sagitatria latifolia Scirpus spp. Spartina spp. Xyris iriifolia Zizania aquatica
Jack-In-The-Pulpit Yellow Canna Sedges Plume Grass Swamp Mallow Marsh Pennywort Rush species Fragrant Water-Lily Arrow Arum Willow-Weed Pickerel Weed Duck Potato Bulrush Spartina Grasses Yellow-Eyed Grass Wild Rice
EVERGREEN TREES & SHRUBS Cyrilla racemiflora Titi Gordonia lasianthus Loblolly Bay Ilex cassine Dahoon Holly Ilex coriacea Gallberry Ilex glabra Inkberry Ilex myrtifolia Myrtle Holly Ilex opaca and hybrids American Holly Ilex vomitoria Youpon Holly Ilex vomitoria “Nana” Dwarf Yaupon Holly Ilex vomitoria species Youpon Holly Juniperous salicfolia Southern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana Eastern Red Cedar Leucothoe axillaries Fetterbush Leucothoe populifolia Florida Leucothoe Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Magnolia Myrica cerifera Wax Myrtle Opuntia compressa Prickly-Pear Cactus Osmanthus americana American Tea Olive Persia borbonia Red Bay Pinus glabra Spruce Pine Pinus palustris Longleaf Pine Pinus taeda Loblolly Pine Prunus caroliniana Carolina Cherry Laurel Quercus laurifolia Laurel Oak Quercus virginiana Live Oak Sabal minor Dwarf Palmetto Sabal palmetto Cabbage Palm Serenoa repens Saw Palmetto Yucca aliofolia Spanish Bayonet Yucca filimentosa Bear Grass
APPENDIX Recommended Plant List
DECIDUOUS TREES AND SHURBS AND FLOWER TREES Acer floridanum Southern Sugar Maple Acer negundo Box Elder Acer rubrum Red Maple Aesculus pavia Red Buckeye Alnus serulata Tag Alder Amelancier arborea Serviceberry Amopha fruticosa False Indigo Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry Dwarf Paw Paw Asimina parviflora Betula nigra Riverbirch Calycanthus floridus Sweet-shrub Carpinus caroliniana Musclewood Carya aquatica Water Hickory Carya glabra Pignut Hickory Carya tomentosa Mockernut Hickory Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Cercis canadensis Red Bud Chionanthus virginicus Fringe Tree Clethra alnifolia Sweet Pepperbush Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Cortaderia selloana Pampas Gras Cyrilla racemiflora Swamp Cyrilla Diospyros virginiana Persimmon Eunonymous americanus Strawberry Bush Fagus grandifolia American Beech Fothergillia major Witch Adler Fothergillia minor Dwarf Witch Alder Fraxinus carolinensis Carolina Ash Hamamelis virginiana Witch Hazel Hybiscus moscheutos Rose Mallow
Ilex decidua Ilex laevigata Ilex verticillata Itea virginica Liriodendron tulipifera Nyssa sylvatica Plantinus occidentalis Prunus spp. Quercus alba Quercus falcata Quercus phellos Quercus stellata Rhododendron mudiflorum Rhus glabra Salix caroliniana Salix nigra Sambucus canadensis Sassafras albidum Styrax americanus Symplocos tinctoria Taxodium ascendens Taxodium distichum Vaccinium corymbosum Viburnum prunifolum Zanthoxylum americanum
Possum-haw Holly Smooth Winterberry Winterberry Sweetspire Tulip Poplar BlackGum Sycamore Cherry White Oak Southern Red Oak Willow Oak Post Oak Pinxter Azalea Smooth Suman Ward Willow Black Willow Elderberry Sassafras Silverbell Horse Sugar Pond Cypress Bald Cypress Highbush Blueberry Black Haw Southern Prickly-ash
GRASSES Andropgon capillipes Carex spp. Chasmantium latifolium Distichlis spicata Eragrotis pectinacea Erianthus giganteus Juncus effuses Juncus roemerianus Scirpus robustus Spartina alterniflora Spartina patens Zizania aquatica
Coastal Broomsedge Sedges Upland Sea Oats Seashore Saltgress Carolina Lovegrass Plume Grass Soft Rush Black Rush Bulrush Cordgrass Marshhay Cordgrass Wild Rice
GROUNDCOVER AND VINES Campsis radicans Decumaria barbara Gelsemium sempervirens Hemerocallis species Lonicera sempervirens Parthenocissus quinquefolia Vitus spp
Trumpet Creeper Climbing Hydrangea Carolina Yellow Jessamine Daylilly Red Trumpet Honeysuckle Virginia Creeper Wild Grape (Muscadine, Fox Grape, Summer Grape, etc.)
APPENDIX Bibliography Adams, William Howard. Jefferson’s Monticello. New york: Abbeville Press, Inc., 1983. Baldwin, William P. Plantations of the Low Country: South Carolina 1697-1865. Greensboro: Legacy Publications, 1987. Brown, Azby. Small Spaces. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1993. Brinkley, M. Kent, Gordon W. Chappell, and David M. Doody. The Gardens of Colonial Williamsburg. Williamsburg: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1997. Caemmerer, Alex. The Houses of Key West. Sarasota: Pineapple Press, 1992. Chitham, Robert. The Classical Orders of Architecture. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1985. De Visser, John and Judy Ross. At The Water’s Edge: Muskoka’s Boathouses. Ontario: Stoddart / Boston Mills Press, 1993. De Visser, John and Judy Ross. Summer Cottages. Toronto: Stoddart / Boston Mills Press, 1991.
Edwards, Betsy Wells and Taylor Dabney. Virginia Country Inside the Private Historic Homes of the Old Dominion. New York: Simon & Schuster Editions, 1998. Fallin, Catherine and Taylor Lewis. The Eastern Shore Chesapeake Gardens and Houses. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. Garrett, Wendell. George Washington’s Mount Vernon. New York: The Monacelli Press, 1998. Gleason, David King. Antebellum Homes of Georgia. Baton Rougue: Louisiana State University Press, 1987. Gleason, David King. Plantation Homes of Louisiana and the Natchez Area. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982. Greene, Harlan and N. Jane Iseley. Charleston: City of Memory. Greensboro: Legacy Publications, 1987. Harris, Bill. Grand Homes of the South. New York: Crescent Books, 1989. John Milner Associates. The Beaufort Preservation Manual. West Chester: John Milner Associates, 1979. Leifermann, Henry. South Carolina. Oakland: Fodor’s Travel Publications, Compass American Guides, 1998.
Linley, John. The Georgia Catalog: Historic American Buildings Survey. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1983. Malone, Lee and Paul Malone. Louisiana Plantation Homes. Gretna: Pelican Publishing Co., 1986. Massey, James C. and Shirley Maxwell. House Styles in America: The Old House Journal Guide to the Architecture of American Homes. New York: The Penguin Group, 1996. Mayfield, Mark with the Editors of Southern Accents. Southern Style. Boston: A Bulfinch Press Book / Little, Brown and Company, 1999. McAlester, Virginia and Lee McAlester and Alex McLean. Great American Houses and Their Architectural Styles. New York: Abbeville, 1994. Mitchell, William Robert and Van Jones Martin. Classic Savannah History, Homes, and Gardens. Savannah: Golden Coast Publishing Co., 1991. Mitchell, William Robert and Van Jones Martin. Edward Vason Jones Architect, Connoisseur, and Collector. Savannah: Golden Coast Publishing Co., 1995.
Mitchell, William Robert and Van Jones Martin. Landmark Homes of Georgia 1733-1983. Savannah: Golden Coast Publishing Co., 1982.Mullins, Lisa. Early American Southern Homes. Harrisburg: The National Historical Society, 1987. Mullins, Lisa. Early American Southern Homes. Harrisburg: The National Historical Society., 1987. Potts, Bobby. Plantation Country Along the Mississippi River. New Orleans: Express Publishing Co., Inc., 1988. Price, Reynolds. Out on the Porch. Chapel Hill: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 1992. Ramsey, Charles G. and Harold R. Sleeper. Traditional Details for Building, Restoration, Renovation, and Rehabilitation from the 1932-1951 Editions of Architectural Graphic Standards. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1991. Reiter, Beth Lattimore and Van Jones Martin. Coastal Georgia. Savannah: Golden Coast Publishing Co., 1992.
Sheehan, Carol Sama and Langdon Clay. Mary Emmerling’s American Country South. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., 1989. Sheehan, Laurence with Carol SamaSheehan and Kathryn George. The Sporting Life: A Passion for Hunting and Fishing. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., 1992. Slesin, Suzanne, Stafford Cliff, Jack Berthelot, Martine Gaume, and Daniel Rozensztroch. Caribbean Style. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., 1985. Taylor, John Martin and Kelly Bogden. Hoppin John’s Charleston, Beaufort, and Savannah Dining at Home in the Low Country. New York: Clarkson Potter, 1997. The Celebration Company. Celebration Pattern Book. Celebration: The Celebration Company, 1994.
The St. Joe Company. Patterns for Placemaking. Santa Rosa Beach: The St. Joe Company, 2000. Van Buren, Maurie. House Styles at a Glance An Illustrated Guide. Atlanta: Longstreet Press: 1991. Vetter, Cyril E. and Philip Gould. The Louisiana Houses of A. Hays Town. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1999. Vlach, John Michael. Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1993. Von Mauch, Johann Matthaus and Charles Pierre Joseph Normand. Parallel of the Classical Orders of Architecture. New York: Acanthus Press, 1998. Ware, William R. The American Vignola: A Guide to the Making of Classical Architecture. New York: Dover Publications, 1994. White, Samuel G. The Houses of McKim, Mead & White. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1998.
Sexton, Richard and Alex S. MacLean. Vestiges of Grandeur. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1999.
APPENDIX Alley Right-of-Way – Typical alley rights-of-way are 20 feet wide. The cartway is typically 10 feet wide and is flanked by 5 feet wide strips on each side to be planted, irrigated and maintained by individual property owners whose lots front the alley. Alley Set-back – The minimum distance from the alley property line that any permanent construction can be built. Alley Yard – The area between the edge of the alley pavement and the alley setback. Antae – A thickening of a wall at its normal termination, such as a pilaster projecting from the wall at either end of a range of columns. Anthemion – In Greek and Greek Revival architecture, a conventionalized ornament based on floral forms such as the honeysuckle and the palmette. Applique – Applied ornament. Arcade – A series of arches supported by columns or piers. Arch – A curvilinear structural opening. Architrave – The lowest part of an entablature. Attic – All the space under a pitched roof of a building. Backpriming – The protections against deterioration of the unexposed surfaces of exterior wood members by means of a primer coat of paint. Balcony – A platform projecting from an upper level of a building and surrounded by a railing. Baluster – One of a number of closely spaced, shaft-like elements used to support a railing. Balustrade – An entire railing system (as along the edge of a balcony) including a top rail and its balusters, and sometimes a bottom rail. Bargeboard – An ornamental board attached to the projected eave of a gable roof. Batten – A narrow cover strip at the vertical joint between two boards. Battered Pier – A pier whose sides slope downward and outward from a perpendicular angel; a battered pier’s dimension across the top is smaller than that taken across the bottom. Bay Window – A window or windows in a wall that projects angularly from another wall. Bay – A part of a structure, as a building, that is marked off by vertical elements. A bay window; a recess or opening in a wall; an extension of a building wing. Bays – Repetitive divisions into which a building is divided. Bead – A convex shape cut into the length of the surface and/or corner of wood moldings. Beaded Board – A board with a rounded edge separated from the rest of the board by a small depression. Beam – A horizontal supporting member. Beveled Glass – Glass with beveled edges, held together by lead strips. Popular in the Victorian era. Bond – Any of various arrangements of bricks, stones, etc., having a regular pattern and intended to increase the strength or enhance the appearance of masonry construction. BrackeT – A support element under eaves, balconies, or other overhangs. Frequently used as ornamentation rather than for structural support.
Glossary Brick Masonry – Construction technique using bricks held together by mortar. Brick Veneer – A wall of brick covering an inner wall such as a wood frame. Butt Joint – A meeting of two members squarely end to end. Came – A soft-metal division strip between adjacent pieces of glass in leaded or stained-glass windows. Capital – The top member or group of members of a column, pier, shaft or pilaster. CarporT –An open-sided shelter for automobiles. Casement WindoW – A window that opens on hinges like a door; a common window type in colonial New Orleans. Casing – An enclosing frame around a door or window opening. Cat Slide – A roof of two unequal lengths, the longer leg of which is broken into two different slopes. Caulking – The process engaged to fill cracks and crevices, chiefly along the intersection of wood or metal with masonry, using a non-hardening putty-like compound often applied from a pressure gun. Chamfer – A cut made at a 45 degree angle to a square or rectangular piece of wood, occurring at either the linear corners or the end corners. Cheek Walls – Any pair of upright facing members, such as the end walls of a brick stair. Cladding – Exterior surface material of a building. Clapboard Siding – A siding commonly used as an exterior covering on a building of frame construction; applied horizontally and overlapped, with the grain running lengthwise; thicker along the lower edge than along the upper. Classical Architecture – The architecture of Greece and Rome during the pre-Christian era. Classical Orders – The design of systems of columns and cornices derived from ancient Roman and Greek precedents. Defined by Vitrivius, and modified through the ages by Italian, French and English architects, this system of columns controls the dimensions of the cornices they carry. In the Oldfield Pattern Book the columns for the Classical and Coastal Styles are based on Claude Perrault’s “Ordonnance of the Five Kinds of Columns After the Method of the Ancients”. These styles use the Tuscan, Doric and Ionic Orders. Classical Proportions – A series of ratios developed over the course of centuries and believed to result in pleasing proportions for buildings and building elements. Based on Greek and Roman principles, various systems or classical proportions were developed and modified through the centuries. In the United States, a number of publications with these principles, including the “American Vignola”, Asher Benjamin’s “The American Builder’s Companion”, and Minard Lafever’s “Beauties of Modern Architecture” – established the precedents for this Pattern Book. Closed String – A stair in which the edges of risers and treads are covered on the outside by a slanting member. Colonnade – A series of columns at regular intervals, supporting a covered passageway.
Column – A vertical support normally consisting of a base, a round shaft, and a capital. The Greek Doric order is exceptional in that it has no base. Corbelling – A means of forming a bracket or cornice by extending successive courses of masonry beyond the wall surface. Corinthian – Designating the most ornate of the three classical orders of architecture, marked by a slender fluted column having an ornate bell-shaped capital decorated with acanthus leaves. Corner Board – A vertical strip of wood placed on exterior corners of a building sheathed with wood siding, used for purposes of decoration, protection, and construction. CORNICE – A continuous, horizontally projecting feature at the top of a wall which makes up the overhang or eave. Cresting – Ornamentation occurring at an upper limit, such as the ridge of a roof. Curing – The process of keeping the surface of newly-installed stucco or concrete moist so as to avoid premature drying and imperfect setting. Dentils – A series of closely spaced, small, block-like projections on a cornice. Dimensional Lumber – Lumber cut at sawmills. Doric – The classical order of architecture, originated by the Doran Greeks, distinguished by columns with unadorned capitals and no bases. Dormer – A structure projecting from a sloping roof usually housing a window or ventilating louver. Double-Hung Window – A window having two balanced sashes, one sliding over the other vertically. This window type was introduced to New Orleans in the early 1800’s. Dowel – A cylindrical pin used in woodworking joints. Downspout – A rain leader or vertical pipe which conducts water from the eaves to the gutter. Drop Siding – A type of weatherboard with a depression in the upper part of each board. Eave – The edge of a roof that projects over an outside wall. Edge BeaM – A beam transversing the ends of a structure. Egg-And-Dart – Decorative molding consisting of alternating egg-and dartshaped elements. End Grain – Describing the face of a piece of wood that is exposed when the fibers are cut transversely. Entablature – In classical architecture, the horizontal part of a classical order supported by columns or pilasters and consisting of the architrave, the frieze, and the cornice. EntasiS – The curve by which the upper shaft of a column is diminished in section above the lowest third. Espalier – A decorative lattice or wire armature fixed against a wall upon which vegetation can grow in a controlled fashion. Etched GlasS – Glass with a design produced by the process of exposure to acid. Façade – The face of a building, usually the principal front.
APPENDIX Glossary FanlighT – An oblong, semicircular, or elliptical window over a door, with radial muntins or leads in decorative patterns. Fascia – A horizontal band of vertical surface which forms the outer edge of the finish to an eave, porch floor, or cornice. Fenestrations – The window and door openings in a building. Finial – The topping ornament of a roof gable, turret, baluster, post, etc. Fire Wall – A brick wall extending above the roofline between attached buildings, intended to prevent a fire from spreading from one building to another. Fish-Scale Shingles – Wooden shingles cut in a shape to resemble fish scales. Popular during the Victorian era. Fixed Glass – A glass pane that is stationary, rather than operable. Flashing – The mechanical closure of joints between planes and/or dissimilar materials, such as the joint between a chimney and the roof, usually executed with metal sheets or composition flashing. Flat SeaM – A sheet metal joint on roofs where the end result is a flat or flush connection between adjacent strips of roofing material or at ridges and valleys. Flue – A vertical passage through a chimney for the escape of air or combustion gases. Flute – Parallel grooves used in embellishing pillars, columns, and moldings. Footing – The spread foundation base of a wall or pier. Foundations – The bottom part of a structure; the part in or on the supporting earth. French Doors – A pair of hinged doors, generally with glass lights. Frieze – A plain or decorated horizontal part of an entablature between the architrave and cornice. Front Façade – All facades that are visible form the public areas. It includes the main body, side wings, and porches. Front Porch – A one story porch projecting from the front façade of the house with a roof that is at a lower elevation than the roof of the main body. Porches in the front yard cannot be enclosed with glass or screening material. Gable – The vertical triangular portion of the end of a building having a doublesloping roof, from the level of the cornice or eaves to the ridge of the roof. Gabled Roof – A roof having a gable at one or both ends. Gallery – Exterior space under the roof of a house. See Porch. Gauge – The thickness or diameter of various thin materials, such as the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter or a screw. Glaze – To install glass panes in a sash or door. Gougework – Decorative incised woodwork for which the gouge or chisel are the principal tools; seen chiefly in the Federal period. Grade – Ground level. Greek Key – An overlapping lintel over a doorway with a slight flaring out of the face of the doorway surround from the top to the bottom. Grille – A grating forming a barrier or screen. Grout – Concrete with small aggregates and heavy liquid consistency, capable of being poured to fill small cracks or seams.
Head – The top of the frame of a door or window. Hipped Roof – A roof with four uniformly sloped sides. Hood Molds – A shallow projected covering used over doors and windows in the Italianate style. Impervious surface area – Incapable of being penetrated by water. In Antis – A temple form in which the side walls project, providing closed ends for the front colonnade. Ionic – The classical order of architecture, originated by the Ionian Greeks, characterized by its capital with large volutes, a fascinated entablature, continuous frieze, usually dentils in the cornice, and by its elegant detailing, less heavy than Doric, less elaborate than the Corinthian. Jack Arch Lintel – A door or window lintel constructed with splayed bricks. Jamb – The side of a window or door opening against which the sash or the door abuts. Jib Door – A concealed door, usually the lower third of a large window, constructed so as to appear as part of the wall surface or as a dado when closed. Joist – A beam supporting a floor or a ceiling. Lace Brick – The type of brick wall construction in which header-size openings have been left in each horizontal row of brick to provide a decorative openwork effect. Lattice – An openwork grille of interlacing wood strips. Leaded Glass – Small panes of glass set in lead cames. LiTE – An aperture through which daylight is admitted to the interior of a building. A pane of glass, a window, or a compartment of a window. LiNtel – The horizontal structural element above a window or door, usually carrying the wall load above. Loggia – A roofed but open gallery or arcade along the front or side of a building, often at an upper level. Main Body – The largest part of the front façade. It includes the front door of the house. Mansard Roof – A roof with a double slope on all four sides, the lower slope much steeper than the upper. Meeting Rail – The horizontal member at the junction of upper and lower double-hung window sash. Metope – A square panel between the triglyphs of the frieze of the Doric order. Millwork – Woodwork shaped or dressed by means of a rotary cutter. Minimum Front Façade Set-Back – The minimum distance from the front property line to the front façade of the house. Minimum Side Street Set-Back – For corner lots, the minimum distance from the side street property line to any part of the house or ancillary structure can placed. Modillions – Small bracket-like ornamentation under the cornice of a classical entablature. Moulding – A linear decorative element, or curved strip, used for ornamentation or trim work.
Mortar Joints – The exposed joints of mortar in masonry. Mortar – A mixture of sand, water, lime and cement, sometimes including moisture-repellent substances, used to bind together units of masonry. Mortise and Tenon – A construction technique that joins two wooden members by the projection of one member to fit securely into a corresponding cavity cut in the other. Mortise – A cut-out receptacle in one member which receives the tenon of another to which it is to be joined. Multilight – Having many lights or glass panes, as a window or door. Muntin – A secondary framing member to hold panes within a window, window wall, or glazed door. Newel – A post terminating the handrail of a stairway at top, bottom or on a landing. Outlooker – A member that projects and supports that part of a roof construction beyond the face of a gable. Outshut – An annex to the main block of a building often resulting in a cat slide roof configuration. Palladian Window – A window composed of an arched opening closely flanked by square-head openings of smaller size and with the same base or sill. Parapet – A low wall at the edge of a roof, porch or terrace. Peak Finial – An ornament at the peak of a roof. Pedestal – A support for a column. Pediment – A low-pitched gable in the classical manner; also used in miniature over doors. Pier– An upright structure of masonry which serves as a principal support, whether isolated or as part of a wall. Pilaster – An engaged pier of shallow depth; in classical architecture, it follows the height and width of related columns, with a similar base and cap. Pillar – A square or rectangular upright support. Pitch – The angle or slope of a roof. Plinth – The base block of a column, pedestal, or other isolated object. Porch – Exterior space attached to a house. See Gallery, Piazza, or Veranda. Portal – A large and imposing doorway, entrance, or gate. Porte Cochere – A covered entrance for the passage of vehicles. Portico – A walkway or porch with a roof supported by columns, often at the entrance of a building. Post – A structural member, usually wood, set in an upright position and used as a support; a pillar; also, the structural element supporting a balustrade. Preservative – A chemical substance used to protect a material such as wood from decomposition. Primer – A base coat in painting. Prostylar – Having columns in front of the principal façade Rafter – A supporting member immediately beneath the roofing material or the roof boarding. Rail – A horizontal member in a panel frame, as in a paneled door between the stiles.
APPENDIX Glossary Rails – An enclosure generally used for porches, galleries, and balconies. Rake – A slope or inclination, as off a roof or gable. Reed – A part of a molding or surface, made up of closely spaced, parallel, halfround, convex profiles. Ridge – The top horizontal member of a sloping roof against which the upper ends of the rafters are fixed. Riser – The vertical member between treads of a stair. Rope Molding – Molding simulating the twisted strands of rope. Rosette – A rounded decorative element in a floral motif. Round-Headed Window – A window whose uppermost part is rounded. Sash – The wood frame of a window in which the glass panes are set. Scoring – Shallow grooves made in the surface of wet stucco which imitate the appearance of course stone. Segmental-Arch Head – The uppermost part of a door or window constructed in the shape of a segment of a circle. Shed Roof – A roof that is pitched in only one direction. Shingles – A wall or roof covering, consisting of small overlapping pieces, square or patterned. Shutter – A hinged movable cover, usually of wood, for a window or door. Side Porch – Porches attached to the side of the main body and not in the front yard. Side porches may be enclosed with glass or screening material. Side Street Façade Zone – The area between the minimum and maximum side street set-backs. Side Street Façade – All facades are visible from the side street, side alley, or pedestrian way. It can include the side of the main body, side wings, porches, wings, fences, and garage. Side Street Yard – The area between the side street property line and the side street minimum set-back. Side Wings – One and one-and–one-half story wings, attached to the main body of the house, that conform to the set-back lines described in the guidelines. Side Yard Set-Back – The minimum distance from the side property line adjacent to another lot to any part of the house or ancillary structure. Sidelight – One of a pair of narrow windows flanking a door. Siding – The material used to cover the exposed side of a wood-frame building (weatherboard, drop siding, etc.). Sill – The horizontal water-shedding member at the bottom of a door or window frame. Soffit – The underside of a roof overhang. Spanish Console – A wrought-iron bracket projecting from a wall and supporting a balcony. Spark Arrester – A metal grate or wire screen placed at the top of a chimney flue to prevent sparks from escaping. Spindle – A turned decorative wooden element. Spring Point – The point at which an arch starts.
Stained Glass – Colored glass. Stile – A vertical framing member of a paneled door or of paneling. Strap Hinges – Hinges, used primarily on shutters and gates, that are attached to the face instead of the side. Used primarily in the Colonial and Postcolonial periods. Stringer – The sloping structural end of a stair. Stucco – Plaster for exterior walls. Surrounds – The framework and associated trim around a door or window. Swags – Classical ornamentation resembling evergreen branches hanging in a curve between two points. Tabby – A building material compound of oyster shells, lime, and sand mixed with water. Tenon – A projection on the shoulder of a wood member which fits snugly into a socket or mortise in another wood member to form a joint. Threshold – A doorsill Tongue-And-Groove (T&G) – Applied to boards having a tongue formed on one edge and a groove on the other for tight joining. Transom – An opening over a door or window, containing a glazed or solid sash. Tread – The horizontal surface of a step. Tree Canopy – The overhanging limb structure and leaf coverage that provides shade. Trellis – Lattice work as an outdoor screen, often a support for vines. Triglyph – A projecting rectangular block with vertical grooves which occurs in a rectangular series along the entablature of a Doric cornice. Truss – An assemblage of structural members forming a rigid structural framework. Turned Baluster – Balusters cut on a lathe. Turned Wood – Wooden elements such as spindles or balusters produced by being turned on a lathe. Turret – A small tower, usually at the corner of a building, extending above the roofline and often housing a stairway; most commonly found on Queen Anne houses. Tuscan – One of the classical orders resembling the Doric but of greater simplicity. Two-Stage Veranda – A porch or portico which by its division into two floor levels also emphasizes the use of classical orders. Two-Story Veranda – A porch or portico, the configuration of which rises to two stories, but which may be fronted by columns of two-story height. Vapor Barrier – A material, usually in thin sheet form or combined with a sheathing material, designed to prevent the passage of moisture through a wall, ceiling, or floor with the aim of avoiding condensation. Volute – Spiral or scroll-shaped ornament. Wainscot – Dado height paneling. Wash – The slight slope of a top surface of brick masonry construction which sheds water and which is usually constructed of cement or mortar.
Weatherboard – A long, narrow board, usually slightly thicker at one edge, used for siding, applied horizontally and slightly overlapping. Also referred to as clapboard. WeatherstrippinG – Interlocking strips of material that help block the passage of air around a door, window, or other exterior opening. Wood Frame – Refers to a building whose structural elements are composed of a wood frame constructed of small dimensional lumber and held together with nails. Wrought Iron – Iron worked into shape by manual effort and used for balcony railings, fences, gates, hardware, lanterns, etc.