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Kamloops Fire Centre 2013.10.23 Open burning is now permitted throughout the entire Kamloops Fire Centre. However, caution and diligence with fire use is still required. Those thinking of burning must comply with the Ministry of Environment’s Waste Management Act and Open Burning Smoke Control Regulation. This includes checking the Venting Index to ensure that they are permitted to light an open fire. For more information got to: www.bcairquality.ca.

Senior Protection Officer Ian Douglas discusses fire investigation techniques with Korean firefighters.

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wenty-one members of the Korean Forest Service arrived in Salmon Arm on Oct. 2 to participate in a fire investigation course hosted by the Wildfire Management Branch. It was the fourth time that members of the Korean Forestry Service have been taught by B.C. firefighters and

investigators in the field and in the classroom. The students learned to investigate small, controlled fires that were purposely ignited and then extinguished by B.C. fire crews. This was a great opportunity for the Wildfire Management Branch to continue its program of international cooperation and the sharing of knowledge between agencies.

Those lighting a Category 3 fire (one that is larger than 3 metres wide and 2 metres tall) must apply for a burn registration number and can obtain one by calling 1 888 797-1717. For the latest information on fire activity, bans, restrictions and current conditions, visit the Wildfire Management Branch website at www.bcwildfire.ca. Follow us on Twitter at http:// twitter.com/BCGovFireInfo and on Facebook at http://facebook.com/ BCForestFireInfo

Clearwater

# of Fires

# of Hectares

Clearwater

114

848

Kamloops

113

1,765

Salmon Arm

44

21

Vernon

47

36

Penticton

56

164

Merritt

44

47

Lillooet

40

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Kamloops Fire Centre Restrictions Effective at noon on Tuesday, Oct. 15, open fires were again permitted in all fire zones within the Kamloops Fire Centre, due to a decreased risk of wildfires. Members of the public are now allowed to: burn waste, slash or other material burn stubble or grass use fireworks or burning barrels of any size or description This rescinding of the open fire prohibition applies to all BC Parks, Crown lands and private lands, but does not apply within the boundaries of local governments that have forest fire prevention bylaws and are serviced by fire departments. Anyone contemplating lighting an open fire should first check with civic authorities to see if any local burning restrictions are in effect. Anyone who wishes to light a Category 3 fire must first obtain a burn registration number by calling 1 888 797-1717. Category 3 burns must comply with the Ministry of Environment’s Waste Management Act and Open Burning Smoke Control Regulation. Individuals who fail to meet those requirements may be subject to fines. For more information, visit: www.bcairquality.ca People planning to conduct an open burn should use caution and follow these safety precautions: Locate the fire site away from buildings, trees and other combustible materials. Do not burn during windy conditions.

Have adequate people, water and hand tools available to prevent the fire from escaping. Never leave a fire unattended. Anyone lighting a fire must ensure that they conduct the burn safely and responsibly, as outlined in the Wildfire Act and its regulations. If an open fire escapes and is determined to have caused a wildfire, the person(s) responsible may be liable for fire suppression costs and damages. Information on open burning, burn categories and current fire prohibitions is available on the Wildfire Management Branch’s website at : h t tp :/ / bcw il d fi r e.ca/ hp rS cri p t s/ WildfireNews/Bans.asp To report a wildfire or unattended campfire, call 1 800 663-5555 toll-free or *5555 on a cellphone.

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Fire Danger Rating

Precipitation

Temperature

Relative Humidity

These maps are current for Oct. 23, 2013. For the most recent weather maps, please visit www.bcwildfire.ca/weather These maps are for informational purposes only and should not be used to make operational decisions.

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Most recent forecast for KFC Valid as of 9:30 a.m. on Friday, Oct. 4, 2013 Last forecast for the 2013 fire season

Kamloops Fire Centre Statistics Since April 1, 2013: Fires to date: 458 Hectares burned: 2,915 Person-caused fires: 144 Lightning-caused fires: 314

2009 at this time: Fires to date: 1,044 Hectares burned: 53,510 Person-caused fires: 286 Lightning-caused fires: 749

2003 at this time: Fires to date: 764 Hectares burned: 106,673 Person-caused fires: 307 Lightning-caused fires: 457

SYNOPSIS: A westerly flow from a low in the Gulf of Alaska will bring moisture into northern sections of the region today. As the upper ridge from the southwest leans eastward, the southern sections will remain dry. Continuing showers tomorrow in all but the most southern sections of the region. An upper ridge rebuilds from the south on Sunday, only the North Thompson is expected to see showers. An upper trough over the region on Monday and an associated cold front will bring cooling aloft and more air mass instability with showers, especially to the North Thompson and Monashees. These showers will continue into Tuesday in a still unstable air mass. TODAY: Subsident Zone, North Thompson and Monashees: Increasing afternoon cloud. Winds southwest to southeast 20 to 30 km/h with afternoon winds south 40 gusting 70 km/h in the Fraser Canyon. High temperatures 12 to 14 and RH values falling to 25 to 40 per cent. TONIGHT: Shuswap, South Thompson and North Thompson: Mainly cloudy with scattered showers. Winds south to southeast 10 to 20 km/h. Low temperatures six to 10 and RH recoveries to 80 to 95 per cent. Subsident Zone: Mainly cloudy with a risk of a shower in the North Okanagan. Winds south to southeast 10 to 20 km/h and south 30 km/h in the Fraser Canyon. Low temperatures six to 10 and RH recoveries 80 to 95 per cent. TOMORROW: Subsident Zone and Monashees: Mainly cloudy with a 40-per-cent chance of late day showers. Winds southeast 20 to 30 km/h and south 30 gusting to 50 km/h in the Fraser Canyon. High temperatures 16 to 20 and RH values falling to 25 to 40 per cent. North Thompson: Mainly cloudy with showers. Winds south 20 km/h. High temperatures 10 to 14 and RH values falling to 40 to 55 per cent. 3 TO 5-DAY OUTLOOK: Sunday will have a chance of showers in the North Thompson, elsewhere will be partly cloudy. Winds southeast 20 to 30 km/h and temperatures in the mid to upper teens. Mainly cloudy with showers in the North Thompson and Monashees on Monday, with west winds and temperatures in the low to mid-teens. Partly cloudy on Tuesday with a chance of showers in the North Thompson and Monashees. Winds west 20 km/h and temperatures in the high single digits to low double digits. 6 TO 10-DAY OUTLOOK: Upper trough through Day 8, giving showery conditions and ridge building on Day 9 and Day 10 giving drier and warmer conditions.

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Venting it out

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hen it comes time to burn waste, many homeowners and businesses are getting ready to light the piles that they have eagerly prepared.

Most residents and industry personnel know to keep their burn piles away from other flammable material such as buildings, or from over hanging trees, and to have enough supplies on hand to properly extinguish the fire. Other details about the burning process may not seem as obvious. One very important step to take before burning is to check B.C. Air Quality’s Venting Index. The venting index is a way to measure air pollution, in that it is a numerical value related to how the atmosphere disperses airborne pollutants such as smoke. This number is based on the current wind speed in the mixed layer and at the mixing height. The mixed layer is the surface layer of air that is turbulent and well mixed, while the mixing height is the thickness of the mixed layer.

ficult for the atmosphere to disperse pollutants.

When the wind speed is high and the surface air layers are thicker, the venting index will be a higher number, falling within the “good” ventilation category. This implies that the air will disperse pollutants very easily.

These factors may differ in some jurisdictions. For example, in the Regional District of Central Okanagan, the range of the "good" ventilation category has a different numerical value than that of the Ministry of Environment. Members of the public must check with their regional office before burning.

When the wind speed is low and the surface air layers are thin, the venting index falls within the “poor” ventilation category, meaning that there it is more dif-

Those wanting to light a Category 2 or 3 fire can only burn when the venting index is “good” and is forecasted to be at least “fair” the next day. Open burning is restricted when the venting index is “poor” or “fair”.

Visit http://www.bcairquality.ca/readings/ ventilation-index.html for more information.

Venting Index Venting Index

Ventilation Category

0—33

POOR Ventilation

34—54

FAIR Ventilation

55—100

GOOD Ventilation

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Fine Fuel Moisture Codes

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eather information is used to develop codes to indicate how dry the different classes of fuels are in the forest. From this information, preparedness levels are set on a daily basis.

The Danger Class is the typical Fire Danger Rating that is seen on fire signage, where 1 and 2 represent Low, 3 is Moderate, 4 is High and 5 is Extreme. A map of the current Fire Danger Ratings is on Page 3.

The FFMC (Fine Fuel Moisture Code) is a code that measures the dryness of fine fuels (grasses, needles, etc.). A number of 85 or higher indicates a good chance of a fire start from an ignition source. Once 90 or higher is reached, all the fine fuels are available to burn.

* If you have any questions about which weather station you should be monitoring, please contact your company forester or local fire zone for information.

The DMC (Duff Moisture Code) measures about 10 cm into the ground and is an indication of whether a fire that starts will continue to burn in the duff. A number of 40 or greater would indicate that a fire will continue to burn. The DC is the Drought Code, measuring deeper in the ground. A number of 300 or greater indicates that the fire will burn deep into the ground, providing challenges to mop it up.

A tree catches on fire during a test fire lit by Wildfire Management Branch personnel during a fire investigation course near Silver Creek.

Important Numbers Report a wildfire

*5555 on a cell or 1 800 663-5555

Wildfire Information Line

1 888 3FOREST

Burn Registration Line

1 888 797-1717

Kamloops Fire Information Officer

1 250 554-5965

Want more information? Visit the websites at bcwildfire.ca & firesafebc.ca


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Kamloops Fire Centre Indices Oct.23, 2013

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KFC Newsletter Oct. 23, 2013