September 26, 2012
Kamloops Fire Centre As of September 26, 2012, the Kamloops Fire Centre has responded to 420 wildfires that have consumed 1,464 hectares since April 1, 2012. This is below the 10-year average for this date of 531 wildfires burning a total of 19,845 hectares. As we enter the fall season, forest conditions remain extremely dry with very little precipitation in the current weather forecast. Over 70 per cent of the Kamloops Fire Centre remains in a “high” to “extreme” fire danger rating. Due to these conditions, open fire prohibitions remain in place through the majority of the fire centre area. These prohibitions are being monitored closely and may be extended if significant precipitation is not received to reduce the threat of a wildfire. Over the last week, Wildfire Management Branch personnel have responded to 20 new wildfires. The majority of these were caused by people and are therefore preventable. We ask the public and our industry partners to remain vigilant in the backcountry. A few recent grass fires grew to 25 and 40 hectares in size with very minimal wind. This is a sign of how volatile the fine fuels remain. For the latest information on fire activity, current prohibitions and conditions, visit the Wildfire Management Branch website at www.bcwildfire.ca.
# of Fires
# of Hectares
Info current as of 08:00 on September 26, 2012
Current Prohibitions and Restrictions Effective at noon on Saturday, Sept. 15, 2012, the open fire prohibition in the Kamloops Fire Centre was modified to the Clearwater and Salmon Arm fire zones above 1,200 metres. The open fire prohibition remains in place below 1,200 metres in the Clearwater and Salmon Arm fire zones, as well as at all elevations in the Kamloops, Vernon, Penticton, Merritt and Lillooet fire zones. This includes: ď‚ˇ
The burning of any material larger than a half-metre high by a half-metre wide.
The burning of stubble or grass.
Using fireworks or burning barrels of any size or description.
The public is reminded that campfires cannot be larger than a half-metre high by a half-metre wide. Anyone who lights a campfire must have a hand tool (such as a shovel) or at least eight litres of water available nearby to fully extinguish it. Never leave a campfire unattended and make sure the ashes are completely cold to the touch before leaving the area. Anyone found in violation of an open fire prohibition may be issued a ticket for up to $345. Anyone who causes a wildfire through arson or recklessness may be fined up to $1 million, spend up to three years in prison and be held accountable for associated firefighting costs. The open fire prohibition covers all BC Parks, Crown, and private lands, but does not apply within the boundaries of local governments that have forest fire prevention bylaws and are serviced by a fire department. Please check with local governments for any other restrictions before lighting a fire. The open fire prohibition will remain in place until the public is notified that it has been rescinded.
Open Fires Campfires Forest Use
Fire Danger Rating
These maps are current for September 25, 2012 For the most recent weather maps, please see www.bcwildfire.ca/weather These maps are for informational purposes only and should not be used for operational decisions.
Kamloops Fire Centre Statistics
Most recent forecast for KFC Valid as of 0800 Tuesday, September 26, 2012
Since April 1, 2012: Fires to date: 420 Hectares burned: 1,464 Person-caused fires: 169 Lightning-caused fires: 251
2011 at this time: Fires to date: 241 Hectares burned: 241 Person-caused fires: 144 Lightning-caused fires: 77
2009 at this time: Fires to date: 1,023 Hectares burned: 53,387 Person-caused fires: 264 Lightning-caused fires: 742
2003 at this time: Fires to date: 745 Hectares burned: 104,407 Person-caused fires: 284 Lightning-caused fires: 460
Info current as of noon on September 25, 2012
All zones except northwestern sections of Subsident and North Thompson Areas. Cloudy periods. Winds variable 10 to 20 km/h. High temperatures 22 to 26 and RH values dropping to 20 to 30 percent. Northwest sections of Subsident and North Thompson areas. Cloudy periods. Winds variable 10 to 20 km/h. High temperatures 16 to 20 and RH values dropping to 30 to 40 per cent. TONIGHT: Subsident zones, North Thompson and Monashees: A few clouds. Winds becoming light and variable overnight. Low temperatures 5 to 10 and RH recoveries to 60 to 75 per cent. TOMORROW: All zones except northwestern sections of Subsidence and North Thompson Areas. Mainly sunny. Winds southwest to southeast 20 with east 20 to 30 km/h in the South Thompson and south 30 gusting 50 km/h in the Fraser Canyon. High temperatures 24 to 28 and RH values falling to 20 to 30 percent Northwest sections of Subsidence and North Thompson areas. Mainly sunny. Winds south 20 km/h. High temperatures 20 to 24 and RH values dropping to 30 to 40 percent. 3 TO 5-DAYOUTLOOK: Friday will be mainly sunny with a chance of evening and overnight showers in the North Thompson. Winds southwest 20 to 30 km/h and temperatures in the mid twenties. Saturday may see showers in the North Thompson, otherwise some cloudy periods across the region. Winds west 20 to 30 km/h and temperatures in the low to mid twenties. A mix of sun and cloud on Sunday with winds southwest 30 km/h and temperatures in the low to mid twenties.
Despite this onset of less volatile weather, the forests remain dry. Three of our key fire weather indices (explained further on Page 7 and seen on the right of this page) show that, at various depths, forest fuels are still extremely dry.
With this in mind, please pay particular attention to the Fire Danger Rating in your area. Ensure that you are using the appropriate weather station data for the area in which you are operating and that you are adhering to the shutdown formulas in the Wildfire Regulation.
Remember, if you discover or cause a wildfire, you have an obligation to report it, take action with available resources and extinguish it, if practicable.
As always, we thank you for your diligence and cooperation.
DUFF MOISTURE CODE
We are experiencing an extended period of dry conditions and our weather forecast is still calling for limited precipitation in the coming days. Although temperatures have cooled slightly since the unseasonably high temperatures, the forest fuels remain extremely dry and susceptible to the spread of a wildfire.
As of September 25th, the fire danger rating is 70 per cent High and Extreme and 30 per cent Moderate throughout the Kamloops Fire Centre.
FINE FUEL MOISTURE CODE
Kamloops Fire Centre Indices for September 25, 2012
An explanation of fire weather statistics The information collected from our weather stations (as seen on the previous page) is used to develop codes that reflect to how dry the different classes of fuels are in the forest. Using this information, we set preparedness levels (and our Fire Danger Rating) on a daily basis. The FFMC (Fine Fuel Moisture Code) measures the dryness of fine fuels (grasses, needles, etc.). A number of 85 or higher indicates a good chance of a fire start from an ignition source. Once 90 or higher is reached, all the fine fuels are available to burn. The DMC (Duff Moisture Code) measures about 10 cm into the ground and is an indication of whether a fire that starts will continue to burn in the duff. A number of 40 or greater would indicate that a fire will continue to burn. The DC (Drought Code), measures deeper in the ground. A number of 300 or greater indicates that the fire will burn deep into the ground, providing challenges to mop up the fire. The BUI (Build-Up Index) is a numerical rating of the total amount of fuel available for combustion, using the DC and DMC figures. The Danger Class is the typical Fire Danger Rating that is seen on fire signage. The numbers 1 and 2 represent “Low”, 3 is “Moderate”, 4 is “High” and 5 is “Extreme”. A map of the current Fire Danger Ratings is on Page 3. If you have any questions about which station you should be monitoring, please contact your company forester or local fire zone for more information.
Industry and Stakeholder Online Resources
For information about high-risk activity restrictions, details about the Wildfire Act and Regulations, prescribed fire guidelines and information for contract crews, aircraft and equipment suppliers, please visit the link below.
Black Knight Mountain wildfire
Black Knight Mountain fire on September 21, 2012, east of Kelowna.
Contacts for Kamloops Fire Information We would like to provide our readers with the most current contact information for getting in touch with us. Michaela Swan
Fire Information Officer
Fire Information Officer
Office: 250 554-5532
Office: 250 554-5964
Important Numbers Report a wildfire
*5555 on a cell or 1-800-663-5555
Wildfire Information Line
Burn Registration Line
Kamloops Fire Information Officer
For more information, visit our website at bcwildfire.ca