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Kamloops Fire Centre 2013.07.03 terns. There are no campfire bans throughout the fire centre. If you are going to light a campfire, please make sure that you have adequate supplies to extinguish it and that you never leave that fire unattended.

Unit Crews assemble before their deployment to the Yukon. As crews are gearing up for fire activity within the Kamloops Fire Centre, the Wildfire Management Branch has also been able to assist other jurisdictions with their wildfire activity. Most recently, WMB sent two Unit Crews from Merritt and Lytton to the Yukon, along with a Logistics Section Chief from Merritt, for a total of 84 personnel assisting that province.

forts, bringing the total of our personnel assisting there to 13. Currently, there are adequate resources within the province to respond to wildfire activity. Crews may be recalled at any time if the situation changes. For more information about where Wildfire Management Branch crews are working, http://bcwildfire.ca/hprScripts/ visit WildfireNews/News.asp.

While the tanker group that assisted the Yukon was released this past weekend, another tanker group has left for Alaska to aid in fire suppression ef-

Open burning within the Kamloops Fire Centre is still prohibited, including Category 2 and 3 fires. This includes burn barrels, fireworks and sky lan-

The return of high temperatures and dry conditions means the main fire season is just around the corner. With the heat, forest fuels will dry out and increase the risk of wildfire. Therefore, we rely on you to be especially vigilant with fire use in the backcountry. Also, we rely on you to report any wildfires or smoke you may see. Please contact 1 800 663 5555 or *5555 on your cellphone. For the latest information on fire activity, bans, restrictions and current conditions, visit the Wildfire Managem ent B r an c h w eb s it e at www.bcwildfire.ca. Follow us on Twitter at http:// twitter.com/BCGovFireInfo and on Faceb o o k a t h t t p : / / f a c e b o o k . c o m/ BCForestFireInfo

Fire Zone

# of Fires

# of Hectares

Clearwater

3

1

Kamloops

32

1,576

Salmon Arm

3

1

Vernon

8

4

Penticton

10

67

Merritt

14

10

Lillooet

8

9


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Kamloops Fire Centre Restrictions Prohibitions: Effective at noon on Saturday, June 15, the open burning ban was expanded across the entire Kamloops Fire Centre, in order to help prevent humancaused wildfires and protect the public. This prohibition will remain in place until Oct. 1, 2013 in the Clearwater and Salmon Arm fire zones and until Oct. 15, 2013 in the Kamloops, Vernon, Penticton, Merritt and Lillooet fire zones, or until the public is informed otherwise. A map of the affected areas is available online at: http://bit.ly/1952BMI Specifically, this open fire prohibition applies to: 

the burning of any waste, slash or other materials



the burning of stubble or grass



the use of fireworks, sky lanterns or burning barrels of any size or description

This prohibition does not ban campfires that are a half-metre high by a half-metre wide (or smaller) and does not apply to cooking stoves that use gas, propane or briquettes. This prohibition covers all B.C. parks, Crown lands and private lands, but it does not apply within the boundaries of a local government that has forest fire prevention bylaws in place and is serviced by a fire department. Before lighting any fire, residents should check with local civic authorities regarding any current prohibitions. To report a wildfire or unattended campfire, call *5555 on your cell phone or call 1 800 663 5555 toll -free.

Fireworks are also prohibited under the open burning restrictions


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Fire Danger Rating

Precipitation

Temperature

Relative Humidity

These maps are current for July 3, 2013. For the most recent weather maps, please see www.bcwildfire.ca/weather These graphs are for informational purposes only and should not be used to make operational decisions.

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Most recent forecast for KFC Valid as of 0930 Wednesday, July. 3, 2013.

Kamloops Fire Centre Statistics Since April 1, 2013: Fires to date: 78 Hectares burned: 1,667 Person-caused fires: 69 Lightning-caused fires: 9

2009 at this time:

SYNOPSIS: The upper ridge that has given the fire centre region hot and dry conditions recently is flattening out, although conditions today will continue hot and dry in the west to southwest flow. Tomorrow will see the beginning of a slightly cooler trend as an upper trough moves onto the coast tomorrow morning from the eastern Pacific and then inland during the day with some isolated upslope showers possible. The trough will be positioned over eastern B.C. on Friday, again with some isolated upslope showers possible. A closed low develops in west central Alberta on Saturday and the trough broadens to cover most of western Canada, but on Sunday the next upper ridge starts to build in along the coast, signaling the beginning of another warming trend. TODAY: Subsident Zone, North Thompson and Monashees: Mainly sunny. Winds becoming southwest 20 to 30 km/h this afternoon and south 40 gusting 70 km/h in the Fraser Canyon. High temperatures 30 to 34 and RH values dropping to 20 to 35 per cent. TONIGHT: Subsident Zone, North Thompson and Monashees: Mainly clear. Winds becoming light and variable overnight and south 30 gusting 50 km/h in the Fraser Canyon. Overnight low temperatures 14 to 18 and RH recoveries to 50 to 65 per cent.

Fires to date: 277 Hectares burned: 9,000 Person-caused fires: 159 Lightning-caused fires: 117

2003 at this time:

TOMORROW: Subsident Zone: Fraser Canyon, North Thompson and Monashees: Mainly sunny. Chance of a late afternoon or evening shower. Winds becoming southwest 20 to 30 km/h this afternoon and south 40 gusting 70 km/h in the Fraser Canyon. High temperatures 28 to 32 and RH values dropping to 15 to 30 per cent.

Hectares burned: 139

3 TO 5-DAY OUTLOOK: Friday and Saturday will be mainly sunny with a chance of upslope showers in the afternoons and evenings. Winds southwest 20 km/h and temperatures in the mid to upper 20s. Sunday will be mainly sunny with winds light and variable and temperatures in the upper 20s to low 30s.

Person-caused fires: 86

6 TO 10-DAY OUTLOOK: Continued upper ridge giving hot and dry conditions.

Lightning-caused fires: 43

VENTING: Poor this morning below 600 metres, otherwise good. Inversion breakdown temperature 23. Plume drift light and variable.

Fires to date: 129

4-DAY VENTING OUTLOOK: Poor mid-evening until mid-morning, otherwise good. WINDS ALOFT: Afternoon winds light and variable below 1,000 metres, north to northwest 10 to 20 km/h between 1,000 and 2,500 metres and west to northwest 25 to 35 km/h above 2,500 metres. CONFIDENCE: Good. Confidence is high in a cooling trend into the weekend, however the nature and extent and convection tomorrow is not certain. Model guidance is split with Canadian guidance suggesting showers and U.S. guidance maintaining dry conditions across the region.

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Wildfire smoke forecasts for western Canada Forest fire smoke can result in high concentrations of particulate matter and other gases up to 1,000 kilometres or more from the fire. Of primary concern is public exposure to wood smoke, given that it is comprised of particulate matter smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) which can be inhaled deep into the lungs, and can damage our health (World Health Organization, 2005). In addition, the mixture of pollutants in wood smoke can include known health-damaging compounds (Naeher et al., 2007). For more i n f o r ma t i o n , s e e : www.bcairquality.ca/health/ At the National Workshop on Smoke Forecasting in Edmonton, a need was identified for an operational smoke forecasting system (SFS) in Canada. Such a system would be an extremely useful tool for weather forecasters, health authorities, researchers, regulatory agencies, all levels of government and the public. For example, it would provide weather forecasters with information to respond to public and media interest about smoke (related to nuisance, tourism, immediate safety, etc.). It would inform health authorities about present and forecast exposure to smoke in order to warn the public about risks from poor air quality, especially individuals who need to take action to minimize exposure. In addition, it would provide health researchers with information on smoke-exposed populations. Finally, burn managers and regulatory approval agencies for prescribed burns would have a tool to support decision-making on

The smoke forecast image for Wednesday, July 3, 2013.

the smoke implications of burns. Discussions following the Edmonton Workshop lead to the concept of a pilot project that would apply the U.S. Forest Service BlueSky system to British Columbia and Alberta. BlueSky is a framework developed by the U.S. Forest Service AirFire Team (Larkin et al, 2008). It consists of data and models of fuel consumption, emissions, fire, weather, and smoke dispersion, all linked into a single system. Hourly forecasts for up to two days are generated for ground-level concentrations of PM2.5 from wildfires, prescribed burns, and agricultural fires. The output is available on the web and is visualized in the form of colours and animations over a region. The U.S. BlueSky is applied to several domain areas that cover the rest of the continental U.S. (www.getbluesky.org) Building on an existing system

(rather than creating a new one) has many advantages, including: applying technology that is already tested and in operational use, using a common system to determine the impacts of smoke from fires across the border and outside North America; and the ability of the BlueSky framework (which is comprised of modules) to swap in Canadian components such as emissions data and meteorological forecast model outputs. The animation provides an hourby-hour forecast of smoke from wildfires in Western Canada up to 48 hours in the future. Different exposure levels of smoke are provided in colours that correspond to different concentrations of PM2.5 at ground-level. The time displayed at each forecast time-step is in Pacific Daylight Time. The forecast is updated every morning and afternoon.

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Fine Fuel Moisture Codes Weather information is used to develop codes that are interpreted with regard to how dry the different classes of fuels are in the forest. From this, preparedness levels are set on a daily basis. The FFMC (Fine Fuel Moisture Code) is a code that measures the dryness of fine fuels (grasses, needles, etc.). A number of 85 or higher indicates a good chance of a fire start from an ignition source. Once 90 or higher is reached, all the fine fuels are available to burn. The DMC (Duff Moisture Code) measures about 10 cm into the ground and is an indication of whether a fire that starts will continue to burn in the duff. A number of 40 or greater would indicate that a fire will continue to burn. The DC is the Drought Code, measuring deeper in the ground. A number of 300 or greater indicates that the fire will burn deep into the ground, providing challenges to mop it up.

An example of fine fuels burning at a fire near Pavilion on June. 25, 2013. The fire was caused by a power line pole that fell down.

The Danger Class is the typical Fire Danger Rating that is seen on fire signage, where 1 and 2 represent Low, 3 is Moderate, 4 is High, and 5 is Extreme. A map of the current Fire Danger Ratings is on Page 3. * If you have any questions about which weather station you should be monitoring, please contact your company forester or local fire zone for information.

Important Numbers Report a wildfire

*5555 on a cell or 1 800 663-5555

Wildfire Information Line

1 888 3FOREST

Burn Registration Line

1 888 797-1717

Kamloops Fire Information Officer

1 250 554-5965

Want more information? Visit the websites at bcwildfire.ca & firesafebc.ca

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Kamloops Fire Centre Indices July 3, 2013

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Kamloops Fire Centre Newsletter July 3 2013