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Badger Common’Tater

October 2015


Bagging, Packaging & Associate Directory

Volume 67 Number 10 $18.00/year $1.50/copy

INTERVIEW: Bill Zelinski, Lenco 8 Row Self-Propelled Folding Windrower REGULATORY CONFUSION DNR High Capacity Well Permitting OFF THE GROUND! LPRCP Shifts into High Gear BADGER BEAT Late blight in 2015 from Sea to Shining Sea

Photo by Ruth Faivre

REST EASY! Rain Bird® ClimateMinder™ Monitoring & Control System does the work for you! Rain Bird® ClimateMinder™ mobile network technology sends key data directly from the field right to your fingertips via your mobile phone, computer or tablet. This easy to learn and simple to use system monitors soil, weather, plant conditions and more. Controls water irrigation, even in small acreage plots. Sets up low cost wireless technology on your field. CLIMATEMINDER SYSTEM HELPS YOU: • Increase crop yields and quality • Reduce water, fertilizer and chemical application costs • Respond to frost conditions immediately The ClimateMinder is an economic, complete solution that includes the hardware, web-based software (no need for additional software), installation and training.

ROBERTS IRRIGATION 1500 Post Road • Plover, WI 54467 • (715) 344-4747 2022 W. 2nd Avenue • Bloomer, WI 54724 • (715) 568-4600 www.robertsirrigationWI.com

Rick Kantner Chris Lockery Paul Katz

Inventory • Replenishment Services • Handle all freight concerns • Long-Range Planning •

Transportation: Ted Kowalski

Mitch Bushman Maria Yenter • Bob Dobbe John Hopfensperger • John Eckendorf Jerome Bushman (FL - WI) Mike Gatz, Jim Stefan and Rick Kantner (Milwaukee) Sam Saccullo (All fruits and vegetables) Mike Whyte (Michigan) Mike Carter CEO

800-826-0200 715-677-453 3 • Fax: 715-677-4076 R o s h o l t ,

W i s c o n s i n

Badger Common'Tater

8 Badger cOMMON’TATER INTERVIEW: Bill Zelinski, Big Iron Equipment, Inc.

On the Cover: Bill Zelinski, Big Iron Equipment, Inc. demonstrates the world’s first 8 row self-propelled folding windrower. Photo by Ruth Faivre

The new Lenco 8 row self-propelled folding windrower with the beds folded up for easy transport. Photo by Ruth Faivre

Departments: ALI’S KITCHEN.................... 64 AUXILIARY NEWS............... 62 GROUNDED ......................... 6 GUEST EDITORIALS............ 40


DNR High Capacity Well Permitting


Little Plover River Conservancy Project Photo by Ruth Faivre

Photo by Pete Sanderson


Develop a Better Future

MARK YOUR CALENDAR ..... 6 MARKETPLACE .................. 58 NEW PRODUCTS ............... 49 NOW NEWS ...................... 46

Feature Articles:

NPC NEWS ........................ 54

20 BADGER BEAT Late Blight in 2015 from Sea to Shining Sea 26 OPTIMAL N RATE for High Yielding, Irrigated Snap Beans 28 RUDER WARE WOTUS: Legal Challenges Update 30 2015 WPVGA Associate Division Directory

PEOPLE ............................. 56


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POTATO BOARD NEWS ..... 60 TATER BIN.......................... 68 WPIB FOCUS ..................... 59

Championship proteCtion Metam Sodium

Strike 85CP – Chloropicrin

Telone – Dichloropropene

Solid protection for your acres. Jay-Mar has the game plan for success. Choose from 3 all-stars. We have the best applicators in the business too.

www. Jay-Mar.com Plover (715) 341-3445 • 800-236-2436 Antigo (715) 627-4321

WPVGA Board of Directors: President: Andy Wallendal Vice President: Mark Finnessy Secretary: Eric Schroeder Treasurer: Josh Mattek Directors: Larry Alsum, Steve Diercks, Ron Krueger, Jeremie Pavelski, Gary Wysocki Wisconsin Potato Industry Board: President: Heidi Alsum-Randall Vice President: Richard Okray Secretary: Bill Wysocki Treasurer: Keith Wolter Directors: John Bobek, Cliff Gagas, John T. Schroeder, Tom Wild and Dennis Zeloski WPVGA Associate Division Board of Directors: President: Chris Brooks Vice President: Wayne Solinsky

Secretary: Steve Bohm Treasurer: Zach Mykisen Directors: Butch Fencil, Cathy Schommer, Sally Surprise, Joel Zalewski Wisconsin Seed Potato Improvement Association Board of Directors: President: Ron Krueger Vice President: Eric Schroeder Secretary/Treasurer: Dan Kakes Directors: Bill Guenthner, Charlie Mattek

WPVGA Staff Executive Director: Tamas Houlihan Managing Editor: Ruth Faivre Director of Promotions & Consumer Education: Dana Rady Financial Officer: Karen Rasmussen Executive Assistant: Julie Braun Program Assistant: Danielle Sorano Spudmobile Coordinator: Jim Zdroik

Wisconsin Potato Growers Auxiliary Board of Directors: President: Paula Houlihan Vice President: Lynn Isherwood Secretary/Treasurer: Gabrielle Okray Eck Directors: Kathy Bartsch, Deniell Bula, Patty Hafner & Sheila Rine

WPVGA Office (715) 623-7683 • FAX: (715) 623-3176 E-mail Address: wpvga@wisconsinpotatoes.com Website: www.wisconsinpotatoes.com Like Us On Facebook: www.facebook.com/WPVGA

Mission Statement of the WPVGA: “To assist WPVGA members to be successful through education, information, environmentally sound research, promotion, governmental action, and involvement.” Mission Statement of the WPVGA Associate Division: “Our mission is to work in partnership with the WPVGA as product and service providers to promote mutual industry viability by integrating technology and information resources.”

Badger Common’Tater is published monthly at 700 Fifth Avenue, Antigo, Wisconsin 54409 Subscription rates: $1.50/copy, $18.00/year; $30/2 years. Foreign; $30/year; $50/2 years. Telephone: (715) 623-7683. Mailing address: P.O. Box 327, Antigo, Wisconsin 54409. Or, subscribe free online: http://wisconsinpotatoes.com/blog-news/subscribe/ ADVERTISING: To advertise your service or product in this magazine, call (715) 347-3755, or email: Ruth Faivre: rfaivre@wisconsinpotatoes.com. The editor welcomes manuscripts and pictures but accepts no responsibility for such material while in our hands.

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Mark Your

Calendar OCTOBER 13-14 WGA INNOVATIONS EXPO Potawatomi Casino Milwaukee, WI 23-25 PMA FRESH SUMMIT Georgia World Congress Center Atlanta, GA

NOVEMBER 4 FALL VARIETY EXPO UW Hancock Storage Research Facility Hancock, WI 2015 MONTANA SEED POTATO 4-5 SEMINAR & GROWER MEETING Hilton Garden Inn Missoula, MT 8-14 AGRITECHNICA 2015 Hanover Exhibition Grounds Hanover, Germany



JANUARY 2016 12-14 POTATO EXPO 2016 & NPC ANNUAL MEETING Mirage Hotel & Casino Las Vegas, NV 19-21 48TH ANNUAL IDAHO POTATO Conference & 37th Ag Expo Idaho State University Pocatello, ID 29-31 85th WISCONSIN FARMERS CONVENTION UNION The Plaza Hotel & Suites Eau Claire, WI 26-28 WASHINGTON-OREGON POTATO CONFERENCE Three Rivers Convention Center Kennewick, WA

FEBRUARY 2016 2-4 3 4 17-25 6

WPVGA GROWER EDUCATION CONFERENCE & INDUSTRY SHOW Holiday Inn, Stevens Point, WI (715) 623-7683 WPVGA ASSOCIATE DIV ANNUAL MEETING Holiday Inn, Stevens Point, WI (715) 623-7683 WPVGA ANNUAL MEETING Holiday Inn, Stevens Point, WI (715) 623-7683 POTATO INDUSTRY LEADERSHIP INSTITUTE Grand Forks, ND

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Grounded Photo by Jim Faivre.

Blood, sweat & tears! Not only is that one of my all-time favorite jazz-rock bands but it also personifies what our nation’s growers put into their agricultural enterprises. No matter how big or small, a farming operation requires constant vigilance because there are so many variables that go into its success, particularly in regards to Mother Nature, who throws unexpected monkey wrenches into the equation on a continual basis. Yet, these same farmers are highly involved in the regions and communities in which they live and farm, donating time, money and support to activities and organizations. A perfect example of this is the Little Plover River Conservancy Project (LPRCP), whose fundraising recently sprang into high gear with donations totaling $225,000 from Gold Members: Wysocki Family of Companies; Heartland Farms Inc.; Paramount Farms, Inc.; Worzella & Sons, Inc. and Silver member: Plover River Farms, Inc. These donors are excited about LPRCP because it is a collaborative effort between area farmers and other agricultural interests, WPVGA, government entities, businesses, the general public, conservationists, universities and hunting/fishing buffs. This type of amiable interaction between all stakeholders is quite admirable and hopefully, will serve as a model for all communities as to what you can do when you work together. I can think of no finer legacy. Kudos to this wonderful, diverse coalition. Please email me with your thoughts and questions. If you wish to be notified when our free online magazine is available monthly, here is the subscriber link: http://wisconsinpotatoes.com/blog-news/ subscribe.

Ruth Faivre

Managing Editor rfaivre@wisconsinpotatoes.com


All Lenco Potato Harvesters & Windrowers hand built from scratch to client specifications! Advanced Farm Equipment, manufacturer of Lenco potato harvesting equipment, provides the personal interaction you wish you could get from every supplier! You choose the options you want and we make it happen, fabricating all aspects to your exact needs!

Centrally located in Michigan, Advanced Farm Equipment manufactures Self-Propelled and Pull-Type Potato Harvesters and Windrowers and new for 2015, 8 Row Folding Self-Propelled Windrowers. All our custom built harvesters and windrowers are hydraulically driven, controlled from the comfort of the cab, maneuver readily in adverse harvesting conditions, have unmatched longevity spans and are custom built to meet customer specifications. Now is the time to plan your new equipment construction, arrange onsite service and stock up on our large selection of ready-to-ship wear parts and tools like these handy items from our warehouses:


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Bill Zelinski Big Iron Equipment, Inc. Article & Photos by Ruth Faivre, Managing Editor

Name: Bill Zelinski Title: President Company: Big Iron Equipment, Inc. Location: Plover, WI Hometown: Antigo, WI Years in Present Position: 20 Previous Employment: 9 years at Lockwood of Wisconsin, 10 years at Gallenberg Equipment Schooling: Graduated Antigo High School Activities/Organizations: NRA, Duck’s Unlimited, Ashley Shooting Club Hobbies: Hunting and Fishing

Advanced Farm Equipment, LLC (AFE), www.lenco-harvesters.com, manufacturers of the Lenco brand of potato equipment have once again proven that they are indeed on the cutting edge of agricultural equipment innovation by introducing the world’s first 8 row self-propelled folding windrower (8RSPW Model). While the Lenco self-propelled Airhead Potato Harvester revolutionized the way potatoes were harvested, the 8RSPW Model

self-propelled windrower contributes tremendous strides in productivity, efficiency and reliability. Most importantly, it will do the job of two tractors and require only one driver, not two. Plus, it folds up to 19’ width for ease of transportation, even down country roads. While AFE is located in Vestaburg, MI, it has local Wisconsin ties through Owner/Dealer Bill Zelinski, who also owns and operates Big Iron Equipment Inc., Plover, WI, (Portage County), www.bigironequipment. com, specializing in equipment for Midwestern potato farmers. Greg Merrihew, Owner/Manager, runs overall operations in Michigan while Zelinski focuses on sales. Alan Sackett, Owner/President, Top: Bill Zelinski, Big Iron Equipment, Inc., demonstrated the world’s first 8 row selfpropelled folding windrower (Lenco 8RSPW Model) at one of Mortenson Produce, LLC. potato fields. Bill checks the unfolding of the side beds, which are easy to operate and service. Left : A great view of the Lenco 8RSPW Model self-propelled windrower dumping all eight rows of potatoes into two rows ahead of the harvester.


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a large Michigan commercial potato grower operation brings real-life field equipment experience to the equation.

Please share with us a little about your business, how you got started and where you see your business in the future?

Advanced Farm Equipment’s ongoing commitment to research and development contributes to their reputation as an innovative, forwardthinking organization. They listen to their customers’ needs and integrate their suggestions into the design and manufacturing process.

I was involved in selling equipment for quite some time before deciding to start my own business. It was a big risk to step out on my own but I wanted to have more control over how I interacted with my customers, what I offered them and my overall future.

According to Zelinski, Big Iron Equipment, Inc., is not just a Midwest dealer for Lenco. It also handles, Spudnik, Grimme, Salford, Wil-Rich, Wishek Manufacturing, Great Plains, Demco, Versatile, FAE, Norwest Tillage and Ashland earth moving equipment.

Faced with a great opportunity to purchase the inventory of S&M Equipment, which was a Spudnik and Milestone company store, I decided to plunge ahead and follow my dream of having my own business.

I had the pleasure of watching the 8RSPW Model in action and photographing it for this article. I also had the unique perspective of following it as it traveled down backroads to the field in which it was to be demonstrated since my car ended up directly behind it. With the folding ‘beds’, this amazing piece of equipment is narrower than a Lenco harvester and there were only a few spots where an oncoming car had to wait, or a semi had to pull over as the 8RSPW Model passed. As one of the driving forces behind encouraging the development of this revolutionary 8 row self-propelled folding windrower, Bill Zelinski is the subject of this issue’s interview.

My company, Big Iron Equipment, Inc., offers sales, service and a large well-stocked parts department for all of its lines plus Noffsinger and Broekema chains, sprockets, bearings, rollers and steel stock along with many hydraulic hoses and fittings and carries a large selection of clean used equipment. Big Iron Equipment, Inc. has built a strong customer base over the years because we treat our customers the way we would like to be treated, deal with them fairly and openly and listen to their needs, then fulfill those needs with the right equipment at the right price and help them maintain and service their equipment after the sale. As far as future goals, I am building a new facility for a cryogenics setup

where we will freeze metal to 300 degrees below zero to prolong its life, prevent breakage and provide stress relief and stabilization, all of which helps save maintenance expenses and reduces downtime and waste. The cryogenic process, called cryogenic tempering, introduces metal objects to a dry, deep freezing process using flashed Liquid Nitrogen (LN2), which is measured and injected by a proprietary computercontrolled processing system. This modifies metal’s molecular structure before it is brought back to room temperature or further enhanced through heat tempering. continued on pg. 10

If you did not have a chance to see it yourself, here is a link to an AFE video of this amazing machine folding and unfolding arms and operating in the field: https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=L4VI7IEQW_k

Left: Bill Zelinski and Jim Mortenson enjoy an excellent ‘birds-eye’ view of how the Lenco 8RSPW Model operates. Right : A close-up of the Lenco 8RSPW Model in action. BC�T October


Interview. . . continued from pg. 9

Since you deal direct with potato harvesting equipment buyers and operators, I understand that you were instrumental in convincing your fellow AFE shareholders to introduce this new 8RSPW Model. Please share with us your road from original conception for the model to conception and release. The 8 Row Windrower is not a new concept. We have had a number of them in the field but they do not fold up and therefore are more difficult to transport. Since we listen carefully to our customers, we just knew we had to find a way to adjust the width to travel down backroads more readily. We played around with the folding idea for approximately five years.

benefits, particularly in comparison to standard windrowers.

Folding each complete 4 Row Windrower was the only way it could work. The crew at Advanced Farm Equipment, LLC worked long and hard to figure out how to accomplish the task of creating beds that could readily fold and unfold and were easy to service.

Since one 8RSPW Model will do the job of two tractors and requires only one driver, not two, you save on labor wages and training hours while also enjoying reduced fuel costs. In addition, it is no harder to learn to drive than a standard tractor with a windrower.

Tell us about the 8RSPW Model’s

With the 8RSPW Model, you also

The benefits are tremendous, particularly in labor savings. One of the first things most farmers say is that they cannot find good, qualified help.

dramatically decrease tire damage to potato hills because you only have two tires doing down the rows versus 12 tires. Compatible with 4 row harvesters, the 8RSPW Model is very user friendly and ergonomically engineered because you look forward, not twisted backwards watching the windrow behind you all day. Here are some additional perks: • Transporting width; 19’ width for ease of transportation with (2) 4 Row Folding Beds ompletely folds and unfolds in •C under three minutes • S aves wear and tear on tractors • Independent 4 row digging beds •P ositive digging on uneven terrain •C omfortable cab with 360-degrees viewing angles •P owerful Tier 4 compliant SCANIA diesel engine ependable Estridge planetary •D ground drives continued on pg. 12

Above: Bill Zelinski and Jim Mortenson enjoy an excellent ‘birds-eye’ view of how the Lenco 8RSPW Model operates. Left: Nothing sweeter than seeing all those potatoes roll out the shoots. 10 BC�T October


Red Norlands Dark Red Norlands Red Endeavor

WHITES Atlantics Snowdens Superiors Pikes Mega Chip Lamoka


Russet Burbanks Goldrush Silverton Tx296 Norkotah Russet Norkotah Co8 N1435 Cty Rd D Antigo, WI (715) 623-2689 farm@sbfi.biz johnt@sbfi.biz

Foundation & Certified Seed Potatoes

Interview. . . continued from pg. 10

• Clean digging for a 12 row harvest • Easy maintenance with tilting beds Are the new Lenco 8RSPW Model self-propelled windrowers “scratch built” to each customer’s specific needs like the Lenco potato harvesters and if so, how long does it take to build one, what features and configurations can be chosen and what is involved in the process? All the AFE machines, including the 8RSPW Model, are custom built. It takes approximately 2,000 hours to build each 8RSPW Model. The one we currently have in the field is the first one built so we wanted to keep it simple like a typical 4-row. Options like AFE dirt table will be added later. How does a grower know if purchasing this piece of equipment would be right for their operation and compatible with their current equipment? All of us at Big Iron Equipment recognize the importance of choosing the right equipment and offer useful input to help you identify your needs. Top: Jim Mortensen purchased this brand new Lenco harvester from Bill Zelinski, which arrived just in time for harvest season. Bottom: Nice double rows of potatoes just waiting for the harvester. Note the Lenco 8RSPW Model side beds folding up as this demonstration nears its end. 12 BC�T October

We caution people that when choosing equipment that may have multiple operators, be sure to target one that is user-friendly to operate. No matter what you buy, seek

out industry leaders known for reliability, quality and versatility. Find equipment with rugged durability and proven records of accomplishment in the industry. We encourage potential customers to check with our current customers to see what they think of our dealership’s products and service. Since the 8RSPW Model selfpropelled windrower is a major capital expense, how does a grower finance a purchase and is it available on a 'lease for purchase' option? Most growers go through their own banks but leases are available. What kind of a warranty and service agreement do you provide? We offer a one-year warranty and work together with our customers to develop the type of service agreement that works best for their operation. Since we have a fully equipped shop and skilled service technicians, we do our own servicing and repairs. Farmers looking to get the most out of their equipment at trade-in can often be rewarded by paying attention to regular maintenance and equipment upkeep. Farmers and dealers are usually willing to pay more for machines with well-kept

internal workings and good outside appearance. Can GPS systems be incorporated into the Lenco products to implement steering mechanism and tractor to operate on the same guidance path in straight, circle and curve track modes to help reduce potato bruising during harvest? If so, do you have recommendations on what systems would work best and do you handle these systems yourself through Big Iron Equipment, Inc.? I am sure GPS could be installed because they are similar to regular tractors. As far as the 8RSPW Model goes, since this is our first machine produced, as I mentioned, we wanted to keep this one simple and did not explore that option. My own business does not handle GPS equipment. It is possible some growers have incorporated it into their Lenco harvesters but I have not seen any myself. Above: Greg Merrihew, Owner/Manager of Advanced Farm Equipment, LLC, manufacturer of the Lenco line of harvesters and windrowers, stands in the plant’s main construction area. All Lenco equipment is “scratch built” to each customer’s specific needs, a long and complicated process. Right: Bill Zelinski not only sells equipment but also offers full parts and service capabilities.

October 23-25 BOOTH



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OFF THE GROUND! Little Plover River Conservancy Project Shifts into High Gear Articles & Photos by Ruth Faivre, Managing Editor

14 BC�T October

The kick-off to the Little Plover River Conservancy Project (LPRCP) was

jumpstarted with pledges totaling $225,000 from these major potato and vegetable farms: • Wysocki Family of Companies (Gold member-$50,000 pledge) • Heartland Farms Inc. (Gold member-$50,000 pledge) • Paramount Farms, Inc. (Gold member-$50,000 pledge) • Worzella & Sons, Inc. (Gold member-$50,000 pledge) • Plover River Farms, Inc. (Silver member-$25,000 pledge) Jim Wysocki, an owner of Wysocki Family of Companies and Jeremie Pavelski, President of Heartland Farms helped spearhead this inspirational project, which arose when the Village of Plover received funding from the WI Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) and the Portage County Land Preservation Committee to purchase 140 acres for development into a conservancy area/wildlife refuge. The Village of Plover took an option to purchase 140 acres of land from Worzella & Sons, Inc., which the Village of Plover believed was the ideal location with suitable topography. The option was subject to the Worzellas being able to find another 140 acres to replace what they were selling. So, Louis Wysocki sold the Worzellas 140 acres of his own land. The Village of Plover was then able to buy the land they needed and the

Worzellas were able to maintain their total number of farming acres. Subsequently, a Master Plan for LPRCP was developed through the collaboration of many partners: area farmers and other agricultural interests, Wisconsin Potato & Vegetable Growers Association (WPVGA), Portage County, Village of Plover, other government entities, businesses, environmental groups, conservationists, universities, hunting/fishing buffs and the general public. IT’S ALL IN THE DETAILS The Master Plan features nature trails, a 2.5-acre pond with berms and a sledding hill, creation of a wetlands with elevated walkways, establishment of new wetland areas in the Little Plover River headwaters, hunting and fishing access including handicapped accessible, blinds for wildlife watching, fish and wildlife habitats

improvements and addition of pavilions/shelters and parking areas. Most importantly, the finished Master Plan will resonate throughout Wisconsin and attract all ages and interests: agricultural, educational, environmental, conservationists, universities, wildlife/birding enthusiasts, hunting/fishing buffs and more. Additionally, the project is intended to promote Little Plover River flow improvements and enhancements on 1,000 acres of land adjacent to the Little Plover River. Other objectives involve the development of cooperative crop growing strategies adjacent to the headwaters of the Little Plover River and construction of an all season agricultural education/nature center to educate and inform the public regarding Wisconsin’s rich agricultural traditions, crop facts, continued on pg. 16 BC�T October 15

Off the Ground!. . . continued from pg. 15

economic impact and good steward practices, while reinforcing the state’s commitment to natural resource and environmental protection. EMBRACING THE VISION According to Jim Wysocki, an owner of the Wysocki Family of Companies, “We are on board to support the enterprising goals developed through this coalition of diverse groups because the educational and recreational opportunities LPRCP presents will benefit all of us who live and work in Portage County and beyond.” Jeremie Pavelski, President of Heartland Farms continues, “While the Village of Plover paid for the LPRCP Master Plan to be created, additional funding is required to turn this dream into a reality and that is why Heartland Farms stepped up to help launch this project. We believe it embodies the spirit of the Midwest and its pioneers who worked together to build something greater out of a vast wilderness.” AGRICULTURAL CONNECTIONS Both Wysocki and Pavelski are excited about the prospect of agricultural education being included in this Master Plan particularly since they saw an outgrowth of appreciation for agriculture during Wisconsin Farm Technology Days 2014, a three-day outdoor event held on two farms in Plover, not far from the site of the proposed LPRCP. “This event drew over 48,500 people to the field demonstrations, farm tour, ride and drive area, vegetable harvesting tours and Extension exhibits,” explains Pavelski. “An army of over 2,000 community volunteers energized to help daily with everything from food tents to parking and admissions, exposing even more individuals to agricultural endeavors.” 16 BC�T October

“We want to continue to foster this growing enthusiasm for agriculture,” states Wysocki. “After all, these people are our friends and neighbors and we want to share with them what we do, especially since the Ag industry is their world, too.” Wysocki and Pavelski are board members of the Conservation of the Little Plover River, UA, LPRCP’s funding entity along with Tamas Houlihan, WPVGA Executive Director; Tom Davies, Village of Plover President and Dan Mahoney, Village of Plover

Administrator. (Special note: If you have any questions regarding any aspect of this project or its fundraising campaign, please feel free to contact any board members) FUNDING THE MISSION Implementation of the LPRCP Master Plan will require funding from private and public donors. Consider leaving your mark on tomorrow by helping fund or provide in-kind donations to help steer this project towards a solid reality.

Anyone interested in developing a much greater and balanced use of water and natural resources through the Little Plover River Conservancy Project, can now donate directly online.


Simply go online to www.cfcwi.org/ give/list-of-funds.html , scroll down the alphabetical list of funds until you get to the Conservation of the Little Plover River fund and click on its Donate Now button and you can proceed to the funding page.

Gold Sponsor - $50,000 Silver Sponsor - $25,000 Bronze Sponsor - $10,000

ALTERNATE FUNDING OPTIONS If you prefer to donate by check or in-kind donations, or wish to speak to someone, ‘live’, about your pledges or other involvement, especially in reference to Special Recognition Sponsorship levels, please contact: Jeremie Pavelski, Heartland Farms, jpavelski@hfinc.biz or Jim Wysocki, Wysocki Family of Companies jim. wysocki@rpespud.com.

You can also partner with this project through in-kind donations, which will play an important part in its success. Donating your professional and organizational skills, heavy equipment, building supplies and landscaping/hardscaping components for tasks like clearing land and brush, landscaping and construction will help make this project a success. Donors will be recognized in the Badger Common’Tater, unless a donor prefers to remain anonymous.


Taking care of your pivot now will prevent costly repairs and downtime during the peak growing season. Our Valley dealers offer winterization programs for all brands of pivots. From drive train maintenance and pipe flushing to sprinkler package replacement, we will ensure your irrigation equipment is in top condition, prepared for winter, and ready when planting season arrives. ®

A Performance Plus Service Dealer DEALER IMPRINT

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valleyirrigation.com BC�T October 17

Regulatory Confusion Taints Wisconsin’s High Capacity Wells By Brian Sikma, Media Trackers1

Photo by Pete Sanderson

Regulatory confusion resulting from state Supreme Court decisions

and the Department of Natural Resources is creating headaches for users and owners of high capacity wells in Wisconsin.

Across the state farmers, employers and municipalities use high capacity wells to provide water for crops, animals, products and people, and the DNR is tasked with issuing permits for new high capacity wells if the proposed wells meet statutorily defined specifications. But, the process is broken. Thanks to a 2011 Supreme Court decision that vaguely gave the DNR undefined powers to regulate high capacity wells beyond what is codified in statute and administrative code, the well permitting process is so tainted that a backlog has built up as applicants wait to find out whether or not they can drill a new well or repair an existing well.

DNR has privately indicated that up to 170 high capacity well permits remain unresolved. The astonishing backlog and resulting uncertainty, “represent at least a quarter of a billion dollars in direct capital investments in Wisconsin that are on hold,” the industry expert said.

In the last 36 weeks, according to the DNR,2 119 applications for high capacity wells have been filed.

According to the Wisconsin Administrative Code,3 a high capacity well is any well that pumps “70 or more gallons per minute.”

The DNR would not tell Media Trackers how many of those applications have been definitively resolved, but an industry insider who asked not to be named due to the sensitive nature of the issue said the

After receiving a $500 payment and an application, the DNR must reach a final determination on the application within 65 days, according to NR 820,4 unless the agency finds a reason to request more information about the

18 BC�T October

well to inform its decision-making process. In 2011, the Wisconsin Supreme Court created uncertainty in the process by suggesting that the DNR could add other considerations to the determination process, considerations not found in legislatively enacted state law or state administrative code. The case was called Lake Beulah Mgmt. Dist. v. DNR, and in it, the Court said the DNR could use the so-called “public trust” doctrine to add further regulation to the high capacity well permitting process. According to AgriView, 5 an agriculture industry trade news publication, “the Court said that despite Wisconsin’s groundwater statutes and existing permitting program for high capacity wells, the DNR has the general duty and broad authority to regulate high capacity wells beyond the scope of those regulations – a decision that has created much uncertainty for Wisconsin farmers seeking high capacity well approvals.”

But, what the Court did flies in the face of 2011 Wisconsin Act 21,6 a regulatory reform measure signed into law by Gov. Scott Walker (R). That law mandates that, “No agency may implement or enforce any standard, requirement, or threshold, including as a term or condition of any license issued by the agency, unless that standard, requirement, or threshold is explicitly required or explicitly permitted by statute or by a rule.” The Great Lakes Legal Foundation, a pro-economic growth, nonprofit legal group,7 argues in a recent white paper that in addition to making the wrong decision in Lake Beulah, the Supreme Court subsequently reversed what the DNR interpreted as a broad grant of power in that case. According to the white paper: “[A] recent Wisconsin Supreme Court decision (Rock-Koshkonong Lake Dist. Mgmt. v. DNR) refutes DNR’s position that the public trust doctrine provides the broad authority DNR asserts it has. In Rock-Koshkonong, the Court rejected an argument by the DNR that the public trust doctrine applies to water resources other than navigable surface waters.”

In May, the Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce highlighted the case of Milk Source,8 a Wisconsin-based dairy that recently invested $80 million in a different state because its high capacity well permit was caught in the murky regulatory environment and ensuing uncertainty. Lawmakers in Madison have debated reforming the well permitting process, but so far, all attempts to bring clarity to the confusion have failed. For further information, please read “Great Lakes Legal Foundation White Paper – DNR Is Violating Act 21 by Imposing Unlawful Conditions.” 9 1

ttp://mediatrackers.org/author/brianh sikma EDITOR’S NOTE: Media Trackers is dedicated to media accountability, government transparency and quality fact-based journalism. Their site examines stories published in the mainstream media, explores claims made by some of the more partisan political groups and provides the facts

on the issues, people and elections that matter. 2

ttp://dnr.wi.gov/topic/wells/ h highCapWellAppsRecent.html


ttps://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/code/ h admin_code/nr/800/812/I/07/53


ttp://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/code/ h admin_code/nr/800/820.pdf


ttp://www.agriview.com/news/ h regional/allwellapplications areaffectedbylakebeulahdecision/artic le_5f05148e8cc911e290f0001a4bcf88 7a.html


ttp://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2011/ h related/acts/21.pdf




ttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gk h T9RUiPpg&feature=youtube


ttp://mediatrackers.org/assets/ h uploads/2015/09/Great-Lakes-LegalFoundation-White-Paper-DNR-IsViolating-Act-21-By-Imposing-UnlawfulConditions-2.pdf

While a well of any sort, including a high capacity well, does not explicitly involve navigable surface waters, state administrative code does give the DNR power to assess whether or not a high capacity well should go in near certain bodies of surface water or springs. The public trust doctrine itself – which the Supreme Court and the DNR initially felt gave the agency broad powers to further regulate high capacity wells – itself only applies to surface waters, as the Court said in the Rock-Koshkonong case. The confusion from the two Supreme Court cases and the uncertainty of the DNR’s regulatory power and process for high capacity wells is impacting job creators and Wisconsin industry. BC�T October 19

Badger Beat

Late Blight in 2015 from Sea to Shining Sea By Amanda J. Gevens, Extension Vegetable Pathologist, Associate Professor, UW-Madison, Dept. of Plant Pathology

Nationally, late blight was detected in 20 states in addition to two Canadian provinces in 2015. Since 2011, many national late blight confirmations and characterizations have been made publicly available in online format (www.usablight.org) through the efforts of research and extension scientists funded by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Institute of Food and Agriculture (AFRI). The coordinated project, entitled “Reducing losses to potato and tomato late blight by monitoring pathogen populations, improved resistant plants, education and extension” conducts basic and applied research with the team goal of learning more about the pathogen and disease to reduce further losses in crop yield and quality. Per this national database, the US23 lineage has again predominated epidemics in tomato and potato in 2015, across the county, from sea to shining sea.

Screen capture of late blight occurrence map at usablight.org on 9/9/2015 at 1:07PM

locations. By July 4, all of Wisconsin had Blitecast Disease Severity Values, or DSVs, which had reached or surpassed the threshold level of 18. This meant an early start to preventive fungicide applications.

Here in Wisconsin, 2015 offered fine weather for the production of good potatoes. However, the same conditions that promoted a good crop also promoted plant diseases.

With a first detection of late blight on the Summer Solstice in central Wisconsin, specialty late blight fungicides were added to disease control programs on tightened intervals throughout the region.

In particular, temperature and relative humidity were conducive for late blight, caused by the oomycete or ‘water mold’ Phytophthora infestans, as early as mid-June in southern and central Wisconsin

As the season progressed, late blight waxed and waned in connection with wet conditions and moderate temperatures. At the time of writing this article, detections have come from 17 counties from both potato, in

20 BC�T October

primarily central Wisconsin counties, and tomato in eastern and western counties along Wisconsin’s perimeter. In my lab, our late blight diagnostics and management approaches address clonal or asexual (nonmating) populations of the pathogen. We can characterize the pathogen for genotype/clonal lineage/strain and have a result, which is tightly associated with mating type, mefenoxam/metalaxyl resistance, and often host preference. In this current scenario, there is an end to the late blight disease cycle when the affected plant tissues are dead. A sexual or mating population creates a different scenario – one that we have not yet seen in the U.S.,

one in which we can not associate pathogen character or phenotype to a genotype/clonal lineage/strain. And, the disease cycle in this latter scenario does not end when plant tissues are dead. Rather, the pathogen remains in the soil in absence of plant tissues, providing an ongoing source of inoculum for the long-term. As in previous years, our UWEX Vegetable Pathology Blitecast tool provided timely information to aid in preventative disease management. Late blight of the US-23 (A1) clonal lineage was determined in all of the counties for which we have tested. The table below shows the pathogen clonal lineages from this and previous six years here in Wisconsin. Recall the predominance of US-8 during the late blight of the 1990s. Continued monitoring of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of the P. infestans population will contribute to both short-term and long-term management of late blight in Wisconsin and surrounding states. We are continuing to refine and validate an additional web-based disease-forecasting tool, which is part of the University of Wisconsin Extension Disease & Insect Forecasting Network. This work has been funded by the WI Specialty Crop Block Grant and supports a collaborative effort Year 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009

Screen capture of late blight occurrence map at usablight.org on 9/9/2015 at 1:07PM with predominating Phytophthora infestans genotypes indicated by region.

between the potato and vegetable extension programs of Drs. Amanda Gevens and Russ Groves. The link, http://vdifn.net/ will take you to our site, which currently has potato late blight Blitecast and carrot foliar disease Tomcast tools available. Two weather data sets are utilized in generating these forecasts. The green dots indicate on-the-ground weather stations (not in production fields); Blitecast and weather data appear when you click on the dot. The colorized/gridded map provides disease forecast/risk generated from the North American Meso-scale weather model (NAM 12km) from the National Weather Service; Blitecast

and weather data appear when you click on any point/place on the map. This link will be fully operational for next year and will include a great number of diseases and insect pests. SUMMARIZING CONSIDERATIONS FOR FUNGICIDE PROGRAMS TO MANAGE LATE BLIGHT There is not one recommended fungicide program for all late blight susceptible potato fields in Wisconsin. Fungicide selections and timing of application vary based on type of inoculum introduction, proximity to infected fields, crop stage, late blight strain, conventional or organic continued on pg. 22

Clonal Lineage (Mating Type, and Mefenoxam Sensitivity) of the Late Blight Pathogen (Phytophthora infestans) Detected in Wisconsin US-23 (A1, Sensitive) US-8 (A2, Resistant), US-23 (A1, Sensitive) US-8 (A2, Resistant), US-23 (A1, Sensitive) US-23 (A1, Sensitive) US-23 (A1, Sensitive), US-24 (A1, Intermediately Sensitive) US-22 (A2, Sensitive), US-23 (A1, Sensitive), US-24 (A1, Intermediately Sensitive) US-22 (A2, Sensitive) BC�T October 21

Badger Beat. . . continued from pg. 21

production status, and other diseases that may be in need of management in the field. Under high late blight pressure, I recommend fungicide programs with Revus Top, Forum, Curzate 60DF, Ranman, Tanos, Gavel, Previcur Flex, Zampro, Zing or Omega. Once registered, Orondis would also be included in this category. Mefenoxam-containing fungicides such as Ridomil Gold SL can also be highly effective in controlling late blight caused by the pathogen strain US-23. This strain been identified in all WI cases in 2015. The US-8 strain was also identified in a few fields over the past few years (2013-14). There have been questions on the continued efficacy of mefenoxam on US-23 strains due to some detection of resistance during 2015. My lab will further investigate the resistance phenotype in US-23 isolates collected from WI during 2015. Note that Ridomil will not work to control the US-8 strain. Zampro and Zing! are newly registered late blight fungicides offering a novel mode of action in a pre-mix (Zampro) and a pre-mix of established fungicides (Zing!) for effective late blight control. Brief comments on each of these fungicides are listed below. Revus Top contains mandipropamid (Group 40) for late blight and difenoconazole (Group 3) for early blight; excellent protectant on leaf blight; rainfast; translaminar and contact activity. Forum contains dimethomorph (Group 40) for late blight; can be applied after vine kill; good protectant on leaf blight; 22 BC�T October

This disease forcast link will be fully operational next year, http://vdifn.net/

good antisporulant; rainfast; translaminar activity. Curzate 60DF contains cymoxanil (Group 27) for late blight; locally systemic; excellent curative activity; good protectant on leaf blight; rainfast in 2 hours. Ranman contains cyazofamid (Group 21) for late blight; excellent protectant for leaf and tuber blight; rainfast; contact activity. Tanos contains cymoxanil (Group 27) for late blight and famoxadone (Group 11) for early blight; excellent curative activity; good protectant on leaf blight; rainfast; translaminar and contact activity. Gavel (zoxamide, Group 22+mancozeb, Group M3) is best used as a protectant and has been reported to reduce tuber blight; excellent protectant on leaf blight; rainfast; contact activity. Zing! (zoxamide, Group 22+chlorothalonil, Group M5) is best used as a protectant and is excellent in protecting against leaf blight; rainfast; contact activity. This is Gavel’s zoxamide, which is very effective against late blight, with chlorothalonil base protectant rather than the EBDC. Previcur Flex contains propamocarb hydrochloride (Group 28); good protectant on leaf, new

growth and stem blight; good curative and antisporulant activity; excellent rainfast activity; systemic and contact activity. Omega is a broad-spectrum fungicide (fluazinam, Group 29) and especially effective at controlling the tuber phase of late blight (with added benefit of white mold control); excellent protectant on leaf blight; good protection against tuber blight; rainfast and contact activity. Has special label for powdery scab in WI as of 2011. Ridomil Gold SL contain mefenoxam (Group 4); excellent systemic movement in plant; curative activity; excellent control of stem, leaf, and tuber late blight; rainfast; can only be effective if you are controlling a sensitive strain such as US-23, US-22. Zampro contains ametoctradin (Group 45) and dimethomorph (Group 40) both with activity on late blight; good preventative disease control; systemic and protective activity. In Wisconsin, the QoI inhibitors Headline (pyraclostrobin, Group 11), Priaxor (Headline plus fluxapyraxad, 7), Quadris (azoxystrobin, 11), Tanos (cymoxanil, 27 and famoxadone, 11) and Reason (fenamidone, 11) have offered good late blight control at high label rates under moderate

late blight pressure and should be used in a manner which mitigates pathogen resistance development-in tank-mix with protectant fungicides such as mancozeb or chlorothalonilbased products and do not apply in consecutive applications. There are fields/areas where the early blight pathogen population may have some resistance to the QoI fungicide group (11), but generally, this group of fungicides is still effective. Phosphorous acid formulations such as Crop-phite, Fosphite, Phostrol, Prophyt, and Rampart can increase tuber protection to late blight and pink rot through an apparent increase in phosphites within the tuber tissue. However, in field rates must be high and multiple applications must be made for significant tuber protection initiating at dime-size tuber and following up with two more

applications made 14-days apart.

tuber blight when compared to other fungicides.

This group does not provide great foliar control of late blight and some phytotoxicity can be seen on foliage with high rates under some conditions. During 2015, we saw moderate phytoxicity on our potato trials with >two applications of high rates at the University of Wisconsin Hancock Agricultural Research Station. Postharvest applications serve both as contact fungicides and as inducers of tuber resistance due to an increase in phosphites. Mancozeb used as a tank-mix partner in the final fungicide applications can provide some additional tuber late blight production. Research conducted in Washington and published in 2006 by Porter, Cummings, and Johnson indicated that soil application of mancozeb greatly reduced the incidence of

Additionally, in our early blight fungicide trial work at the Hancock Research Station we have often seen yield increases when we use mancozeb as the base protectant tank-mix partner in our final two applications. In years when weather conditions do not favor severe late blight, programs based on chlorothalonil formulations and EBDCs can be adequate to reduce risk of late blight. The addition of TPTH 80WP to any of the protectant programs can enhance disease control particularly towards the end of the growing season. If late blight is detected in a field, ‘hot spots’ should be destroyed to limit disease development and production of inoculum. continued on pg. 24

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Badger Beat. . . continued from pg. 23

A conservative approach to reducing spread from a hot spot includes destruction of 30 rows on either side of the newest lesions at the border of the late blight locus and 100 feet along the row (either side) are killed with Reglone or with Gramoxone (generic).

effective and provide greatest broadspectrum disease control in tomato and potato.

Although harsh, trials at Michigan State University have shown that the latent period between infection and symptom development is about seven days and although not visible, plants within this area are already infected.

While our previous lab and greenhouse investigations with Zonix indicated efficacy of the rhamnolipid for late blight control on tomato with a single inoculation, open field evaluations in PA and NC have not shown good control.

Fields with very few lesions across a broad acreage, must be intensively managed and consideration for early vine kill and harvest should be made to reduce overall risk.

Copper fungicides were, in most cases, two times better at controlling late blight than the Zonix treatments (based on season-long disease or AUDPC).

In organic systems, copper containing fungicides continue to prove most

Timing and frequency of fungicide applications are critical elements in

EF-400 and BacStop (Anjon Ag) also provide control of late blight as seen in replicated open field trials in MI in recent years.

an effective disease control program on susceptible crops. Five to seven day application intervals are needed to protect the crop under conditions of rapid growth and high disease pressure. WHERE TO FIND INFORMATION ON LATE BLIGHT Further information on late blight and disease management recommendations can be found at the University of Wisconsin Potato & Vegetable Pathology website: http:// www.plantpath.wisc.edu/wivegdis/, http://usablight.org and, in the University of Wisconsin Extension Publication entitled “Commercial Vegetable Production in Wisconsin,” publication number A3422 (http:// learningstore.uwex.edu/assets/pdfs/ A3422.PDF).

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Optimal N Rate

for High Yielding, Irrigated Snap Beans By Yi Wang, University of Idaho, Kimberly Research and Extension Center and Matt Ruark, UW Department of Soil Science

In 2014, Wisconsin’s snap bean growers maintained their number one ranking in production of processing snap beans by growing 46% of the nation’s crop. In the Central Sands region, high yield of snap beans can be partly guaranteed by a constant supply of soil moisture and optimal fertilizer, especially nitrogen (N). Snap beans are a legume crop. Legumes can conduct biological N fixation (BNF) where it has a mutually beneficial, or symbiotic, relationship with soil bacteria called rhizobia. Rhizobia form root nodules on the host legume, a process

Variety Huntington DMC04-88 DMC04-95

called nodulation, thereby providing the plant with fixed N from the atmospheric N2 in exchange for some nutrition provided by the plant. For some legume crops like soybean, BNF can provide enough N for plant growth and development and thus no supplemental N fertilizer is needed. However, for snap beans, yield can nearly always be enhanced with increased levels of N fertilizer. Currently, N fertilizer recommendations for snap bean production in Wisconsin are 60 lb/ acre for soils with less than 2% SOM, which is common for the

Nitrogen rate (lb-N/acre) 20 60 100 ton/acre 5.9 8.5 10.7 8.1 9.6 10.2 9.7 10.2 11.4

Table 1: Snap bean yields at Plover, WI (averaged across three years). 26 BC�T October

140 10.5 10.3 11.6

Figure 2: Huntington at 20 lb-N/acre had the yellowest canopy because of its inability to nodulate.

irrigated soils in the Central Sands. This N recommendation is for a yield range of 1.5 to 6.5 ton/acre. There are two clear issues with this recommendation: the first is that the efficiency of N use will vary widely across this yield range, and the second is that some growers achieve yields greater than 6.5 ton/acre. Water management is of course an important management practice to optimize yields. Dry soil conditions during flowering and pin bean stage may cause flowers or small pods to abort and fall off, leading to a substantial yield decline. Efficient management of irrigation is also of great interest to Central Sands producers. To address effects of N and water management on high-yielding snap bean production, a study was conducted in Plover, WI from 2010 to 2012.

The objectives were to evaluate the yield responses of three snap bean varieties (Huntington, DMC04-88, and DMC04-95) under different N rates (20, 60, 100, and 140 N-lb/acre of starter plus in-season application) and standard and reduced irrigation regimes. Huntington does not nodulate, while DMC04-88 and DMC04-95 (Del Monte varieties) both nodulate. The timing of the reduced irrigation treatment was managed to allow plants to wilt slightly under dry conditions when there was no rainfall but not to go past the point of permanent wilting. Figure 1 shows an overview of the field plots in 2012. There were three main findings of this research: 1. Optimal rates for high yielding snap beans (>10 ton/acre) are 100 lb-N/ acre. Even though DMC04-88 and DMC04-95 nodulate (i.e. fix their own N), yield increases were still observed up to 100 lb/acre of N (Table 1). Even though relying on BNF to supply N to the plants is a no-cost source, there are still economic gains to be made with commercial fertilizer. 2. While nodulating varieties outyielded Huntington at low fertilizer rates, all varieties optimized yield at 100 lb- N/acre. Since Huntington does not nodulate, it had the yellowest canopy (Figure 2) and yielded 30 to 50% less than the other two varieties (Table 1) with low N rate at 20 lb/acre. However, since yields were maximized at the same N rate, separate N recommendations are not needed on a variety basis. 3. Reduced irrigation should be well managed between flowering and pin bean stage. In 2011 with the optimal N rate at 100 lb/acre, yields between the standard and reduced irrigation were similar. In the other two years, there were larger yield differences between the two irrigation treatments due to dry conditions that occurred right after the plants started

Figure 1: Overview of the field plots of the snap bean trial in 2012.

to flower (Figure 3). Reduced irrigation has the potential as a best management practice for snap bean production, but further work is needed to developed recommendations to provide specific approaches related to stage of crop growth and climatic conditions to minimize risk for reduced yields and related consequences. In conclusion, our study showed that when snap bean yields of 10 ton/

acre or greater can be achieved, the agronomically optimum N rate is 100 lb/acre. This N rate is appropriate for both the nodulating and non-nodulating snap bean varieties. Alternative irrigation management techniques designed to reduce the overall amount of water applied, need to ensure adequate irrigation in the critical growth stage between the flowering and pin bean development.

Figure 3: Snap bean yields at 100 lb-N/acre from standard and reduced irrigation in the three seasons. BC�T October 27

Ruder Ware WOTUS: Legal Challenges Update By Russell W. Wilson

There are numerous pending lawsuits challenging the EPA and Corps of Engineers’ “Waters of the United States” (WOTUS) Rule. The Rule took effect in thirty-seven states on August 28, 2015, after proceedings in three of these lawsuits. The explanation lies in procedural intricacy. Under the Clean Water Act (“CWA”), original jurisdiction to challenge a rule may lie either in a federal district court or the Circuit Court of Appeals depending upon whether the challenged rule has the precise effect of any action to “issue or deny a permit”¹ or whether it constitutes an “other limitation.” ² Three federal district courts issued decisions on motions to preliminarily enjoin enforcement of the new WOTUS Rule. In two of the cases³, the federal district courts, interpreting the procedural language broadly, determined that original jurisdiction 28 BC�T October

lies in the Circuit Court of Appeals. Accordingly, on August 26 and 27, the district courts in the Northern District of West Virginia and the Southern District of Georgia, respectively, dismissed the lawsuits, which rendered the motions for preliminary injunctions moot. The Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation randomly selected the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals to hear the WOTUS challenges. It remains to be seen whether the decisions by the Southern District of Georgia and the Northern District of West Virginia will be appealed. The Sixth Circuit will eventually hear the Georgia and West Virginia cases either under its original jurisdiction or as appeals from the district courts. On August 27, 2015, the district court for the District of North Dakota, in contrast, interpreted the procedural

provisions of the CWA narrowly and determined that original jurisdiction lies in the district court rather than in the court of appeals. Further, the North Dakota district court granted the challengers’ preliminary injunction based upon the record before the court. The North Dakota decision predicts that the categorical inclusion of tributaries under WOTUS is likely to fail Justice Kennedy’s “significant nexus” test because minor tributaries may have an insufficient nexus to traditional navigable waters. The North Dakota decision identifies the lack of a rational basis between remote and intermittent waters and any nexus to traditional navigable waters. The decision also notes the lack of a scientific basis for the 4,000foot rule applied in case specific determination under Section (a)(8).4

Finally, the North Dakota decision holds that the definition of “neighboring” is so expansive that it is not a “logical outgrowth” of the rule as it was initially proposed, which makes that definition procedurally deficient. There is an important caveat, however, to the North Dakota decision: While the court would prefer an opportunity to review the entire administrative record, rather than rely on a handful of documents and deliberative memoranda, it is impossible to obtain the record prior to the effective date of the Rule.

215-79) and the Northern District of West Virginia (Murray Energy Corporation v. United States Environmental Protection Agency (Civil Action No.1:15CV110) [4] 33 C.F.R. § 328.3(a)(8) © 2015 Ruder Ware, L.L.S.C. Accurate reproduction with acknowledgment granted. All rights reserved. This document provides information of a general nature regarding

legislative or other legal developments, and is based on the state of the law at the time of the original publication of this article. None of the information contained herein is intended as legal advice or opinion relative to specific matters, facts, situations, or issues, and additional facts and information or future developments may affect the subjects addressed. You should not act upon the information in this document without discussing your specific situation with legal counsel.

Under these unique circumstances, including a review of the Army Corps of Engineers’ memoranda, consideration of the documents in the record is “the only way there can be effective judicial review.” (citation omitted) It remains to be seen whether the North Dakota decision will be appealed. For the time being the preliminary injunction against enforcement for the WOTUS rule is in place in North Dakota, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, South Dakota, Wyoming, and New Mexico, i.e. the states that filed suit in the North Dakota litigation.

continued on pg. 28

WOTUS is presently in effect in the remaining thirty-seven states, which includes Wisconsin. For an excellent, incisive overview of WOTUS, I recommend reading “Waters of the United States: A Mean-Spirited Guide” by Christopher D. Thomas, Esq. published in the ABA Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources Volume 30, Number 1, Summer 2015, pg. 3235. [1] 33 U.S.C. § 1369(b)(1)(F) [2] 33 U.S.C. § 1369(b)(1)(E) [3] Those pending in the Southern District of Georgia-Brunswick Division (State of Georgia, et al. v. Gina A. McCarthey, et al. cv BC�T October 29

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GYPSOIL BRAND GYPSUM ANNIE PETRUSEK CHICAGO, IL (866) 497-7645 apetrusek@gypsoil.com

WILBUR-ELLIS COMPANY TOM BUCHBERGER ALMOND, WI (715) 366-2500 tbuchber@wilburellis.com

JAY-MAR INC MARC JOHNSON TOM GRALL PLOVER, WI (715) 341-3445 marcj@jay-mar.com

continued on pg. 32



N7158 6TH DRIVE P.O. BOX 215 PLAINFIELD, WI 54966 OFFICE: (715) 335-6660 FAX: (715) 335-6661











BC�T October 31

2015 WPVGA Associate Division Directory. . . continued from pg. 31 WINFIELD SOLUTIONS LLC JOE NAGEL STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 544-0313 janagel@landolakes.com


YARA NORTH AMERICA INC WES JOHNSON COLLIERVILLE, TN (901) 854-9292 wes.johnson@yara.com

HANSEN-RICE INC TAMI LAMON NAMPA, ID (208) 465-0200 tlamon@hansen-rice.com

Chemicals-Crop Protection

KELLER INC LINDSAY STELLMACHER KAUKAUNA, WI (920) 766-5795 lstellmacher@kellerbuilds.com

CERTIS USA ANNE WEBSTER PAW PAW, MI (269) 207-7712 awebster@certisusa.com

Communications AIR COMMUNICATIONS OF CENTRAL WI INC ANGIE FEUTZ WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 424-3050 angie.feutz@aircommcentral.com TMA + PERITUS THOMAS MARKS MADISON, WI (608) 234-4880 tmarks@tmaperitus.com

Construction ALTMANN CONSTRUCTION COMPANY INC TAMMY MEYERS WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 421-2550 altmann@altmannconstruction.com



Badger er Common’Tat THE VOICE




Impact Issue Storage & Ag GE INTERVIEW: STORA n Foods McCai Mary LeMere, RY STORAGE GALLE ts Current Projec AG IMPACT & Wisconsin Portage County BADGER BEAT Potential Clones with High


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MPB BUILDERS INC DOYLE POKORNY RIPON, WI (920) 748-2601 doyle@mpbbuilders.com REACTIVE INDUSTRIAL COATINGS SEAN DOWEN PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 281-9663 sean.dowen75@gmail.com


COUNTY MATERIALS CORPORATION BOB WELLS MARATHON, WI (715) 848-1365 bob.wells@countymaterials.com

MCCARTHY CONSTRUCTION LLC JIM MCCARTHY NEKOOSA, WI (920) 841-2265 jmconstructinc@gmail.com

RHINEHART METAL BUILDINGS INC CHAD RHINEHART ADAMS, WI (608) 547-1523 rhinehartmb@gmail.com SPIEGL CONSTRUCTION LLC TIM SPIEGL ANTIGO, WI (715) 627-4718 spiegl@goantigo.com URBAN CONSTRUCTION COMPANY BRIAN KARLEN WAUSAU, WI (715) 675-9425 bkarlen@urbanconstructionco.com

Contract Research HANSON & ASSOCIATES JIM HANSON MADISON, WI (608) 222-2330 jim@hansonassociates.com

Controlled Environment Potato Storage Buildings SPIEGL CONSTRUCTION LLC TIM SPIEGL ANTIGO, WI (715) 627-4718 spiegl@goantigo.com

Conveyors and Storage Tanks OEM FABRICATORS INC THOMAS AABY WOODVILLE, WI (715) 698-2111 toma@oemfab.com

Crop Insurance PROGRESSIVE AG RAY GRABANSKI FARGO, ND (701) 277-9210 rlg@progressiveag.com


Badger Common’Tater

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Click below to subscribe or type link in browser: wisconsinpotatoes.com/blog-news/subscribe 32 BC�T October

WICK BUILDINGS BRAD BALDSCHUN GREEN BAY, WI (608) 514-5902 brad.baldschun@wickbuildings.com

ALMOND, WI (715) 366-2500 tbuchber@wilburellis.com

Diesel Fuel Injection K & S FUEL INJECTION INC JASON MAKI SCHOFIELD, WI (715) 359-0434 jmaki@ksfuel.com Electro-Mechanical Sales and Service L & S ELECTRIC INC ARLEN BAUMANN SCHOFIELD, WI (715) 359-3155 info@lselectric.com

WISCONSIN PUBLIC SERVICE CORP DALE BOWE WAUSAU, WI (715) 573-7383 dabowe@wisconsinpublicservice.com

HARRISTON-MAYO LLC MIKE DELISLE EAST GRAND FORKS, MN (218) 773-1234 mikedelisle@mayomfg.com


HYDROCLEAN EQUIPMENT INC AARON STORDEUR DEPERE, WI (920) 337-0109 aaron@hydrocleanequipment.com

K & S FUEL INJECTION INC JASON MAKI SCHOFIELD, WI (715) 359-0434 jmaki@ksfuel.com

Environmental Consultants

Electrical ADAMS-COLUMBIA ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE DAN WYSOCKY FRIENDSHIP, WI (800) 831-8629 dwysocky@acecwi.com RONS REFRIGERATION & AC INC EUGENE MANCL WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 421-1525 eugene.mancl@ronsrefrigeration.com WAUSAU ELECTRIC LLC JOE KOSTYN WAUSAU, WI (715) 842-2260 sales@wausauelectric.com

GZA GEOENVIRONMENTAL INC JIM DROUGHT MILWAUKEE, WI (414) 831-2540 james.drought@gza.com

K-B AGRITECH LLC KURT KAMIN BOB BEGGS PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 498-0005 kurt_kamin@yahoo.com KRYPTANE SYSTEMS / ARGONICS INC JANICE KANTOLA GWINN, MI (906) 226-9747 jkantola@argonics.com

Farm Equipment BIG IRON EQUIPMENT INC BILL ZELINSKI PLOVER, WI (715) 344-3401 bill@bigironequipment.com FAIRCHILD EQUIPMENT ANDREA JORGENSEN GREEN BAY, WI (920) 494-8726 andrea.jorgensen@fairchildquipment.com

LANDOLL CORPORATION JOEY DOPP ALMOND, WI (920) 574-0466 joey.dopp@landoll.com LINCO PRECISION LLC KENT KLINEFELTER EL PASO, IL (309) 527-6455 skip@lincoprecision.com continued on pg. 34

Specialty Fertilizers


Agronomic Services


Soil Testing

USED EQUIPMENT • 30” LL Scoop • 24” LL Scoop • 2006 LL 4-Row Windrower • Spudnik 5620 2-Row Harvester • LL Telescoping Conveyor • (2) Kverneland 3200 4-Row Planters (one w/fertilizer)


• LL 850 2-Row Harvester • Harrison Clod Hopper • 60’ Telescoping Conveyor w/ Cleaning Table & Stinger • Barrel Washer– very clean • Miedema 6-Row Planter

or HYDROSTATIC SAVE $7.00 PER FOOT PER QUARTER MILE SYSTEM IRRIGATION PARTS & SERVICE SYSTEMS Let us help you with all your parts & service needs for: C











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TOLL FREE 800-225-9727 • 715-592-4650 151 East Hwy 6 & AB Road 1619 County K Custer, WI 54423 P.O. Box 1047 Hastings, Nebraska tip@tipinc.net Fax 715-592-5063 www.tipinc.net 68902-1047 USA Phone: 1-800-330-4264 BC�T October 33 Fax: 1-800-330-4268 Phone: (402) 462-4128 Fax: (402) 462-4617 sales@tlirr.com

2015 WPVGA Associate Division Directory. . . continued from pg. 33 QUINLANS EQUIPMENT INC TOM QUINLAN ANTIGO, WI (715) 627-4331 info@quinlansequipment.com

Fertilizers BIO-GRO INC BRUCE ANDERSEN CEDAR GROVE, WI (608) 354-1123 bruce@biogro.com

RIESTERER & SCHNELL NICOLE GLISCZINSKI HORTONVILLE, WI (920) 757-6101 nglisczinski@rands.com

WINDRIDGE IMPLEMENTS ERIC NORDSCHOW DECORAH, IA (563) 382-3613 enordschow@windridgeimplements.com

chisels ● choppers ● cultivators ● fertilizer applicators ● planters ● rippers


BADGERLAND FINANCIAL CATHY SCHOMMER BARABOO, WI (608) 356-8376 cathy.schommer@badgerlandfinancial.com

UNITED FCS MICHAEL MAGUIRE STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 344-1000 mike.maguire@unitedfcs.com

Food Bank




FEEDING AMERICA/FEEDING WISCONSIN MOLLY JAKUBEK PEWAUKEE, WI (312) 659-2396 mdonaldson@feedingamerica.org ●

fertilizer applicators

CHROME ALLOY WEAR PARTS R & H Chrome Alloy ripper points fit most brands and models of rippers. R & H points last longer, cut operating costs, save costly downtime, and maintain proper shape, penetration, and tillage. Call for a catalog. REGULAR ripper point

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Quality Wear Parts for Over 50 Years!



34 BC�T October





chisels ● choppers ● cultivators ● fertilizer applicators ● planters ● rippers


THE PORTAGE COUNTY BANK DOUG ESKRITT ALMOND, WI (715) 366-4311 doug@portagecountybank.com

BMO HARRIS BANK NA RICH WILCOX STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 342-3218 rich.wilcox@bmo.com



INVESTORS COMMUNITY BANK DAVE COGGINS MANITOWOC, WI (920) 686-5669 dcoggins@invetorscommunitybank.com

TIP INC STEVE TATRO CUSTER, WI (715) 592-4650 tip@tipinc.net

SWIDERSKI EQUIPMENT INC MELISSA HEISE MOSINEE, WI (715) 693-3015 melissaheise@swiderskiequipment.com

EDWARD JONES BOB EBBEN WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 424-4100 bob.ebben@edwardjones.com

OSTARA JUSTIN MILLER BISMARCK, N (701) 426-2358 jmiller@ostara.com

SERVICE MOTOR COMPANY JERRY MCCAIN STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 592-4111 WAUSAU, WI (715) 675-0052 smcsp@servicemotor.com


COVANTAGE CREDIT UNION DAN HANSON ANTIGO, WI (715) 627-4330 dhanson@covantagecu.org

INTER-CHEM DAVE CRABILL TULSA, OK (563) 823-8618 dcrabill@ictulsa.com

SAND COUNTY EQUIPMENT PAUL CIESLEWICZ BANCROFT, WI (715) 335-6652 sandcounty@uniontel.net

CLIFTON LARSON ALLEN JEFF PETERSON STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 344-4984 jeff.peterson@claconnect.com

(952) 885-8266 chris.pizzi@zieglercat.com

fertilizer applicators

Food Safety FOOD AUDITING SOLUTIONS INC GERI BARONE FRANKFORT, IL (708) 280-8092 geri@foodauditingsolutions.com REDLINE SOLUTIONS ADRIAN DOWN SANTA CLARA, CA (408) 562-1700 sales@redlinesolutions.com

Garage Door Manufacturing MIDLAND GARAGE DOOR MFG CO DOUG LARSON WEST FARGO, ND (701) 282-8136 dougl@midlandgaragedoor.com

GPS Equipment AG SYSTEMS INC GUY MATHIAS DEFOREST, WI (608) 846-9064 gmathias@agsystemsonline.com

GPS Technology

MCCORMICK KLESSIG INSURANCE MICHAEL THEISEN ANTIGO, WI (715) 627-4302 miket@mccormickklessig.com

CROP IMS LLC FRANK TIPTON EFFINGHAM, IL (815) 590-8206 ftipton@cropims.com

Heavy Trucks & Equipment V & H INC FRED SADOWSKA MARSHFIELD, WI (715) 486-8800 a.boson@vhtrucks.com

Insulation FENCIL URETHANE SYSTEMS INC BUTCH FENCIL WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 424-4200 fencil@fencilurethane.com


MT MORRIS MUTUAL INSURANCE DANIEL FENSKE COLOMA, WI (715) 228-5541 melissa@mtmorrisins.com PROGRESSIVE AG RAY GRABANSKI FARGO, ND (701) 277-9210 rlg@progressiveag.com RURAL MUTUAL INSURANCE JENNI ZINDA PLOVER, WI (715) 341-5808 jzinda@ruralins.com RURAL MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY JOHN RAHMAN MADISON, WI (800) 362-7881 jrahman@ruralins.com

ANSAY & ASSOCIATES LLC SALLY SUPRISE APPLETON, WI (920) 560-7015 sally.suprise@ansay.com BADGERLAND FINANCIAL CATHY SCHOMMER BARABOO, WI (608) 355-5761 cathy.schommer@badgerlandfinancial.com


ALISSON FRIGO APPLETON, WI (920) 830-4372 af@secura.net THE INSURANCE CENTER SANDY SCHAFER STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 344-9000 sschafer@ticinsurance.com

Irrigation HORTAU INC CAROLINE LETENDRE ST-ROMUALD, QUEBEC, CANADA (418) 839-2852 cletendre@hortau.com NORTH CENTRAL IRRIGATION INC SCOTT POLZIN PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 335-6852 scott@valleynci.com OASIS IRRIGATION INC JERRY KNUTSON PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 335-8300 flynspud@uniontel.net PRECISION WATER WORKS LAMAR LAPORTE PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 335-8000 lamar@pwwinc.net continued on pg. 36

J.W. Mattek & Sons, Inc. N5798 STAR NEVA RD, DEERBROOK, WI 54424 Telephone: (715) 623-6963 • FAX: (715) 627-7245 • Email: jwmattek@gmail.com GROWER & SHIPPER

Foundation and Certified Seed Potatoes


Over Years Experience in Seed Production!! White Chip Varieties • Snowden • Pike • Atlantic • MegaChip • Lamoka • Accumulator • Beacon Chipper


Contact: Jim, John or Joe (715)

russets • Norkotah • Norkotah Line 8 • Silverton

623-6963 BC�T October 35

2015 WPVGA Associate Division Directory. . . continued from pg. 35 DEANNA MOSSAK STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 344-0890 dmossak@andlaw.com

REINKE MFG RICH MILLER GARRETSON, SD (605) 351-2127 richardmiller@reinke.com ROBERTS IRRIGATION CO INC PAUL ROBERTS PLOVER, WI (715) 344-4747 proberts@robertsirrigationwi.com

DEWITT ROSS & STEVENS SC JORDAN LAMB RON KUEHN MADISON, WI (608) 252-9358 jkl@dewittross.com

TIP INC STEVE TATRO CUSTER, WI (715) 592-4650 tip@tipinc.net

RUDER WARE LISA O’FLYNG WAUSAU, WI (715) 845-4336 loflyng@ruderware.com

Irrigation Well Drilling

Loading Dock Equipment

SAMS WELL DRILLING ELLYN REDEKER RANDOLPH, WI (920) 326-5193 ellynr@samswelldrilling.com

K & K MATERIAL HANDLING CRAIG KACZOROWSKI GREEN BAY, WI (920) 336-3499 ckacz@knkmaterialhandling.com

Laboratory Services

Material Handling Equipment


K & K MATERIAL HANDLING CRAIG KACZOROWSKI GREEN BAY, WI (920) 336-3499 ckacz@knkmaterialhandling.com

(260) 483-4759 dhenry@algreatlakes.com

Laboratory Testing AGSOURCE LABORATORIES STEVE PETERSON BONDUEL, WI (715) 758-2178 speterson@agsource.com


Overhead Doors & Material Handling CENTRAL DOOR SOLUTIONS CHRIS BROOKS PLOVER, WI (715) 342-4153 cbrooks@centraldoorsolutions.com CENTRAL WI WINDSHED PARTNERS GROUP SHANNON ROHDE HANCOCK, WI (715) 249-5424 cwwp@uniontel.net Ozone Generators RONS REFRIGERATION & AC INC EUGENE MANCL WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 421-1525 eugene.mancl@ronsrefrigeration.com

Packaging Equipment

National Potato Marketing Board

HARRISTON-MAYO LLC MIKE DELISLE EAST GRAND FORKS, MN (218) 773-1234 mikedelisle@mayomfg.com

UNITED STATES POTATO BOARD ALEXANDRA GRIMM DENVER, CO (303) 873-2329 agrimm@uspotatoes.com

OEM FABRICATORS INC THOMAS AABY WOODVILLE, WI (715) 698-2111 toma@oemfab.com

Organic/Reduced Risk

POWER BRUSHES INC SCOTT DUNCKEL TOLEDO, OH (419) 385-5725 spd@powerbrushes.com

GET INVOLVED, STAY INFORMED, BE AWARE! Join Wisconsin Potato & Vegetable Growers Association (WPVGA) and keep abreast of what is happening in your industry. Find out how to become a member today. Go to: wisconsinpotatoes.com/about/members

Stake a claim in your future today! 36 BC�T October

CERTIS USA ANNE WEBSTER PAW PAW, MI (269) 207-7712 awebster@certisusa.com

TRI STEEL MANUFACTURING COMPANY SCOTT HOMSTAD GRAND FORKS, ND (701) 772-5591 scotth@tristeelmfg.com VOLM COMPANIES INC MARSHA VERWIEBE ANTIGO, WI (715) 627-4826 mverwiebe@volmcompanies.com WARNER & WARNER INC JAY WARNER PLOVER, WI (715) 341-8563 jay.warner@warnerpackaging.com

Packer/Grower RPE INC RUSSELL WYSOCKI BANCROFT, WI (715) 335-8050 melissa.sylte@rpespud.com

Potato Cooperative UNITED POTATO GROWERS COOP OF WISCONSIN DANA RADY ANTIGO, WI (715) 623-7683 drady0409@gmail.com



(218) 773-1234 mikedelisle@mayomfg.com MILESTONE INC SHANE MITCHELL BLACKFOOT, ID (208) 785-4285 info@milestone-equipment.com

Potato Packing POTATO PLANT INC LONNIE KROGWOLD AMHERST, WI (715) 824-3240 ppspud@wi-net.com

NOFFSINGER MANUFACTURING RYAN WERNSMAN GREELEY, CO (800) 525-8922 rwernsman@noffsingermfg.com

Potato Sales

POWER BRUSHES INC SCOTT DUNCKEL TOLEDO, OH (419) 385-5725 spd@powerbrushes.com

JORDE CERTIFIED SEED LLC MITCH JORDE CANDO, ND (701) 968-3244 mitch@jordepotatoes.com

SAND COUNTY EQUIPMENT PAUL CIESLEWICZ BANCROFT, WI (715) 335-6652 sandcounty@uniontel.net

Potato Seed Farming SUNRAIN VARIETIES LLC CODY HYMAN IDAHO FALLS, ID (208) 552-3096 chyman@sunrainvarieties.com

TIP INC STEVE TATRO CUSTER, WI (715) 592-4650 tip@tipinc.net

Pressure Washing Equipment/ Steamers & Cleaners


HYDROCLEAN EQUIPMENT INC AARON STORDEUR DEPERE, WI (920) 337-0109 aaron@hydrocleanequipment.com continued on pg. 38

Rural Mutual Insurance Company

www.ruralins.com As the leading insurer of Wisconsin farms, we recognize that agri-business requires special protection. After all, your farm operation is your home, your business, and a considerable capital investment. To protect whats important to you, call 1-877-219-9550 or visit our website and we can show you the variety of coverages available to address all your insurance needs.

Premiums Paid Here, Stay Here To Keep Wisconsin Strong.

BC�T October 37

2015 WPVGA Associate Division Directory. . . continued from pg. 37

Printing SPECTRA PRINT CORPORATION HEIDI OKRAY STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 344-5175 hokray@spectraprint.com

Processors CHIPPEWA VALLEY BEAN CO INC CINDY BROWN MENOMONIE, WI (715) 664-8342 cbrown@cvbean.com KETTLE FOODS INC a Division of Diamond Foods, Inc. LORI ALJETS SALEM, OR (503) 586-1556 laljets@diamondfoods.com

FRIESLAND, WI (920) 348-5127 larry.alsum@alsum.com BUSHMANS’ INC MIKE GATZ MIKE CARTER ROSHOLT, WI (715) 677-4533 michealg@bushmansinc.com LANGLADE POTATO DISTRIBUTING JIM KAPUSTA ANTIGO, WI (715) 627-4873 jimk@langladepotato.com MIKE BENBEN INC MIKE BENBEN JR STURTEVANT, WI (262) 886-3363 dan@mikebenben.com

MCCAIN FOODS USA LAURA WORNELL WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 421-3400 laura.bahnwornell@mccain.com

RPE INC RUSSELL WYSOCKI BANCROFT, WI (715) 335-8050 melissa.sylte@rpespud.com

Produce Traceability

SUNRAIN VARIETIES LLC CODY HYMAN IDAHO FALLS, ID (208) 552-3096 chyman@sunrainvarieties.com

REDLINE SOLUTIONS ADRIAN DOWN SANTA CLARA, CA (408) 562-1700 sales@redlinesolutions.com

Refrigeration NELSONS VEGETABLE STORAGE SYSTEMS INC HOLLY NELSON PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 335-6660 holly@nelsonsveg.com

Rotation Crop CHIPPEWA VALLEY BEAN CO INC CINDY BROWN MENOMONIE, WI (715) 664-8342 cbrown@cvbean.com


Sanitation & Water Management ANDERSON CHEMICAL COMPANY GLEN KURTZ LITCHFIELD, MN (320) 693-2477 glenk@accomn.com

Seed PILLAR BUTTE SEED ROBERT GIESBRECHT ABERDEEN, ID (208) 221-0500 pillarbutte@gmail.com


Spray Foam Insulation & Roofing Specializing in potato & vegetable storage facilities for over 40 years. 715-424-4200 • 4111 8th Street South • Wisconsin Rapids WI, 54494 www.fencilurethane.com 38 BC�T October

(989) 732-4433 jwamspa@gmail.com MINNESOTA CERTIFIED SEED POTATO GROWERS ASSN MIKE HORKEN EAST GRAND FORKS, MN (218) 773-4956 michael.horken@state.mn.us WISCONSIN SEED POTATO IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIATION INC ALEX CROCKFORD ANTIGO, WI (715) 623-4039 abcrockford@wisc.edu

Software AG CONNECTIONS RICK MURDOCK MURRAY, KY (270) 435-4369 rick.murdock@agconnections.com

Soil Fumigation TRI-EST AG GROUP CHRIS FURMAN TIFTON, GA (502) 330-6041 cfurman@msn.com

Soil Moisture Monitoring SPECTRUM TECHNOLOGIES SUSIE FEENEY AURORA, IL (800) 248-8873 sfeeney@specmeters.com

Sprayers/Fertilizer Equipment AG SYSTEMS INC GUY MATHIAS DEFOREST, WI (608) 846-9064 gmathias@agsystemsonline.com

Sprout Control 1,4 GROUP JOHN BERGMAN FARGO, ND (701) 261-0289 jbergman@pinnip.com

Sprout Inhibiting NELSONS VEGETABLE STORAGE SYSTEMS INC HOLLY NELSON PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 335-6660 holly@nelsonsveg.com RONS REFRIGERATION & AC INC EUGENE MANCL WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 421-1525 eugene.mancl@ronsrefrigeration.com

Storage 1,4 GROUP JOHN BERGMAN FARGO, ND (701) 261-0289 jbergman@pinnip.com

Truck Dealer


RONS REFRIGERATION & AC INC EUGENE MANCL WISCONSIN RAPIDS, WI (715) 421-1525 eugene.mancl@ronsrefrigeration.com

MPB BUILDERS INC DOYLE POKORNY RIPON, WI (920) 748-2601 doyle@mpbbuilders.com


BRICKNERS OF WAUSAU TOM BOGUMILL WAUSAU, WI (715) 842-4646 tom@bricknerfamily.com


MARK TOYOTA SCION TIM DURIGAN PLOVER, WI (715) 342-5040 tim@markmotors.com


MID-STATE TRUCK SERVICE INC JAY WEIDMAN PLOVER, WI (715) 344-2931 p.trucksales@midstatetruck.com

RPE INC RUSSELL WYSOCKI BANCROFT, WI (715) 335-8050 melissa.sylte@rpespud.com SERVICE COLD STORAGE LLC LES DOBBE STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 544-4565 ldobbe@servicecold.biz TECHMARK INC PATRICK MORRIS LANSING, MI (577) 322-0250 pmorris@sbcglobal.net

Storage Control Systems NELSONS VEGETABLE STORAGE SYSTEMS INC HOLLY NELSON PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 335-6660 holly@nelsonsveg.com

MOORE OIL COMPANY STUART GOETSCH PLOVER, WI (715) 345-2881 sgoetsch@mooreoil.com PLAINFIELD TRUCKING INC GREG RUFFALO PLAINFIELD, WI (715) 335-6375 gregg@plainfieldtrucking.com WISCONSIN KENWORTH CORY HECKENDORF MOSINEE, WI (715) 693-3900 cory.heckendorf@csmtruck.com

SCAFFIDI TRUCKS ROBERT MARKLEY STEVENS POINT, WI (715) 344-4100 rmarkley@scaffidi.com V & H INC FRED SADOWSKA MARSHFIELD, WI (715) 486-8800 a.boson@vhtrucks.com

Truck Repair K & S FUEL INJECTION INC JASON MAKI SCHOFIELD, WI (715) 359-0434 jmaki@ksfuel.com

SpecialiStS in

onion and potato

grading and handling equipment Bag & Box Dumpsters • Fillers & movers • Conveyors • Flumes • loaDers • stonepiCkers • Washers

Bulk lOAderS & pilerS

grAdiNg SYSteM liNeS

Bulk hOpperS

AutO BAggerS ANd tAkeAwAY CONveYOrS


Bulk BAg & BOx FillerS

20 Carrington Street, Avoca, NY 14809 • 607-566-2234 or 8531 Main Offices • Fax: 607-566-2240 • www.hainesequipment.com BC�T October 39

Guest Editorials

Reject Fear-Mongering: Science Supports Responsible High-Capacity Well Use By Andy Wallendal and Gordon Speirs

Photo by Pete Sanderson

Editor’s Note: Andy Wallendal is President, Wisconsin Potato & Vegetable Growers Association (WPVGA) and Gordon Speirs is President, Dairy Business Association (DBA). When it comes to water, farmers are passionate. Water is essential to growing crops. Preserving the ability to use water for future farming generations is just part of being a farmer. Wisconsin is fortunate to enjoy an abundant supply for drinking, growing crops, nourishing livestock, manufacturing products and recreation. So, when someone announces that our beautiful lakes, rivers and streams are drying up — and that there are no controls — we take notice. And, when that someone blames 40 BC�T October

those who rely on high-capacity wells, we cry foul. There are “environmental activists,” and there are also “active environmentalists.” Farmers are the latter. They work on their land. They live on their land and they raise families on their land. They know full well that depleting the aquifer will threaten their livelihoods, their families’ future and Wisconsin’s wonderful natural resources. A recent guest column published by Gannett Wisconsin Media entitled, “Our groundwater needs stronger protections,” http://wdhne. ws/1EROrT8, falsely, unfairly and

irresponsibly characterizes the use of groundwater in the state and the regulation of that use. The writers demanded more regulation over the use of these wells, claiming that the wells are being over-pumped — but they provided no evidence to back it up. They particularly targeted the Central Sands region in central Wisconsin where vegetable growers have a long and storied history of responsible food production and environmental stewardship. Sandy glacial soils and the easily accessible aquifer make Central Sands ideal for growing vegetables. With an average annual rainfall of 32 inches, the aquifer in the 1.75 million acre region is replenished with 1.5 trillion gallons of water each year. That keeps groundwater

levels constant, with only minor fluctuations. In Portage County, for example, a recent study found the same or higher levels of groundwater in wells drilled a half century ago. Vegetable growers play a vital role in maintaining those levels. They use state-of-the-art equipment and techniques to conserve water when irrigating. Innovative technologies such as soil moisture sensors, continuous monitoring of irrigation equipment and off-peak watering to avoid evaporation ensure that water is conserved. They also invest hundreds of thousands of dollars each year in research related to water conservation and work closely with the University of Wisconsin on innovations in areas such as root

depth, landscape design and crop rotations that will guarantee ample groundwater and bountiful harvests in the future. Today, farmers in the Central Sands grow 95 percent of the potatoes they did a decade ago on 20 percent fewer acres, which means that they have reduced water use by 25 percent in just 10 years. Those efforts are a major reason why Wisconsin ranks first in the production of green beans, second in carrots and third in potatoes, sweet corn and peas, contributing greatly to the state’s diverse and vibrant $88 billion agricultural economy. We agree that lawmakers need to act — but not with new, stifling regulations. We need legislation that provides the Department of Natural Resources staff with scientifically

sound guidelines for approving new wells. A current backlog of permit applications has left Wisconsin at a dangerous standstill that threatens massive investment in communities across the state, vital food supplies and an important piece of our heritage. This is not a choice between familysupporting jobs and the environment. When we base our regulatory decisions on science, both can thrive. Farmers are passionate about growing safe, nutritious food. We are equally passionate about protecting Wisconsin’s water. We have proven our commitment time and again and will continue to do so.

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A Voice for Farmers. A Vision for Agriculture.® BC�T October 41

9TH WORLD POTATO CONGRESS: Develop Together for a Better Future July 28-30, 2015, Beijing, China By Tamas Houlihan, Executive Director, WPVGA 1: Tamas and Paula Houlihan at the Great Wall of China in Beijing. 2: David Thompson, President and CEO of the World Potato Congress, welcomes all delegates to the 9th World Potato Congress in Yanqing County, Beijing, China. There were 855 delegates representing 37 countries, embracing the theme, “Develop Together for a Better Future.” 3: Ke Bingshen, President of China Agricultural University, spoke about Agricultural Development and Food Security in China. Bingshen said in the last 35 years, China’s meat production increased six-fold, milk production 30-fold, grain production doubled and imports increased dramatically. China is now a net importer of agricultural products and the largest agricultural importer in the world. “China’s demand for agricultural products far exceeds its production,” Bingshen said. “In the last 12 years, China’s population grew from 1.27 billion people to 1.36 billion while the average income in China increased 7% each year. The Chinese now consume much more meat, milk and eggs and need more feed (corn and soybeans) for livestock. The challenges ahead are to produce more, better and safer food with less farmland, less water, less labor and fewer chemicals through mechanization, modernization, infrastructure improvements and farmland protection along with a greater emphasis on science and technology.” 4: Cedric Porter, Managing Editor, World Potato Markets, gave a keynote presentation on World Potato Market Trends, Investments, Intercontinental Trade and Implications for the Future. China is the world’s largest producer of potatoes and production doubled in the last 20 years. The U.S. still has the highest potato yields in the world at over 45 tons/hectare. The strongest global trend is the increasing consumption of processed potatoes, particularly fries. This trend will continue as world population grows by 30.4% between 2015 and 2050 to 9.55 billion people. Africa’s population should double in the next 35 years, while India’s population is expected to rise by 27.9%, overtaking China by 2030 for the world’s largest population. Porter said human consumption of potatoes in 2015 is expected to be about 253 million tons and by 2050, about 330 million tons, an increase of 30.4%. “Potatoes are the future’s super crop to feed the world sustainably,” Porter declared. “Potatoes have the smallest environmental impact of any of the staple crops. It takes three times as much land to grow a kilogram of legumes than potatoes and twice as much land to grow rice. Potatoes use one-half the water that legumes do and one-fourth of the water rice does.” He added that carbon dioxide emissions from potato production are 30% that of pasta and just 18% of rice. 42 BC�T October






5: Barbara Wells, Director General of the CIP (International Potato Center in Lima, Peru) said in 2015, the Chinese government officially launched the development strategy of potato as a staple food. Increasing potato consumption is the ultimate goal. Wells said, “It is greatly significance to protect food security, diversify dietary choices, improve nutrition and demonstrate the potato’s versatility.”

6: Prestigious World Potato Congress Industry Awards were presented to five individuals at this year’s WPC in Beijing, China. Pictured are (L-R) Cornelius (Kees) van Arendonk (the Netherlands), Dr. Kevin Clayton-Greene (Tasmania, Australia), Dr. Neil Gudmestad (North Dakota, US), WPC President David Thompson, Albert Wada (Idaho, US), Yili Chen (China) and WPC Vice President John MacQuarrie. The awards recognize significant contributions to the growth and development of the global potato industry.






7: Dr. Dongyu Qu, leading scientist for potatoes in China and Vice Minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Chairman of the Potato Association of China, gave a keynote speech on Sustainable Development of the Potato Industry in China. Using 2013 figures, China planted 5.6 million hectares (13.8 million acres) of potatoes and produced 96 million tons of potatoes (1.92 billion cwt) with an average yield of 17.09 tons/hectare (138 cwt/acre). 21 Chinese provinces plant above 50,000 hectares (123,552 acres). Each province has roughly the same planting area as many major potato producing countries. China’s potato industry saw rapid development from 1995-2008, with a boom in western fast food enterprises such as McDonald’s and KFC. Today, there are over 5,000 potato-processing enterprises in China, but raw product use is less than 5% of the total Chinese potato production. Frozen French fries are still a primary import. Qu sees huge potential for the Chinese potato industry, but still many problems to overcome: farms are mainly small-scale production; supervision and control systems for seed potatoes are weak and public awareness of potatoes, as a staple food needs to grow. Per capita consumption is about 92 pounds of potatoes per person per year, ranking 63rd in the world. 8: Deputy Minister of Agriculture China, Yu Xinrong talked about Policies and Strategies in the Development of Potato as a Staple Food in China. With 1.3 billion people, food security is always been a top priority. Yu said China feeds one-fifth of the world’s population by producing one-fourth of the world’s food on less than onetenth of the world’s arable land. Yu says China needs to be a more efficient potato producer. “China’s yield is only 80% of the world average and less than one-third of that in the United States,” he said. 9: World Potato Congress General Manager John Coady and his wife, Sandy, are pictured at the awards banquet. 10: Dr. Neil Gudmestad of North Dakota State University is pictured with his wife, Arne, at the awards banquet. 11: Todd Forbush (left) of Techmark, Inc., Lansing, Michigan is pictured with his friends from India: Shreekant Zamindar and his son, Varadraj. The Zamindars said to send warmest regards to their good friends in Wisconsin, Dennis and Brenda Bula, and Kevin and Trudy Bula. continued on pg. 44

"Friendship is the golden thread that ties the heart of all the world." ~John Evelyn BC�T October 43


9th World Potato Congress. . . continued from pg. 43 12: Newton Yorinori, formerly of Frito-Lay, Inc., Rhinelander, Wisconsin, is now the Regional Director of Agriculture (Asia, Middle East and North Africa) for McCain Foods, Ltd. in China. He lives in Shanghai with his wife and two children. 13: Romain Cools, Secretary General of Belgapom (Belgium Potato Industry) poses with potato character James Bint who helps promote Belgian fries. 14: Trevor Hall (left) and Nathan Richardson are potato growers from Tasmania, Australia. 15: Dr. Joe Guenthner’s roots originate from an Antigo, Wisconsin potato farm. He is Emeritus Professor of Agricultural Economics at the University of Idaho, and a consultant to numerous potato agribusinesses including J.R. Simplot Company. He discussed Bringing GM Potatoes to Market. 16: Paul Birch, Professor of Plant Pathology at the University of Dundee, Scotland, presented New Strategies to Combat Disease. Birch and his team of scientists were instrumental in discovering effector proteins from the late blight pathogen that enter plant cells and suppress host immunity. He continues work on rapid resistance gene identification for improved crop protection and ultimately late blight resistance.





17 17: Immaculate Zinde of Potatoes South Africa, addressed Potatoes at the Heart of Every Meal. “Every memorable act in the history of the world is a triumph of enthusiasm,” she says. “Nothing great was ever achieved without it because it gives any challenge or any occupation, no matter how frightening or difficult, a new meaning. Without enthusiasm you are doomed to a life of mediocrity, but with it, you can accomplish miracles.” Zinde says her goal is to inspire, inform and educate to put potatoes at the heart of every meal. 44 BC�T October



18 18: A local farmer displays his potatoes for sale in a small rural town in Yanqing County northwest of Beijing. 19: Albert Wada of Wada Farms, Idaho and a Director of the World Potato Congress, is pictured with his wife, Christine at the Great Wall of China.


20 20: Dr. Nora Olsen, Professor and Extension Potato Specialist, University of Idaho, Kimberly, ID, served as the moderator of a technical session on major potato diseases. Her research and extension programs at the U of I for the past 16 years have focused on potato field and storage management, sprout and disease control in storage, seed physiology and cultivar evaluation. She has been the Program Director for the U of I Kimberly Potato Storage Research Facility since 2003. RIght: Chilejinshu is a Chinese potato snack food company.



9th World Potato Congress Industry Award Recipients in Beijing, China BC�T October 45

Now News Alsum Farms debuts new 12 Oz. Microwave-Ready Russet Potatoes Alsum Farms & Produce Inc. introduced Microwave-Ready Russet Potatoes at the Southeast Produce Council's (SEPC) Southern Innovations Symposium Bright Ideas Platform September 17 - 19, 2015, which showcased the best innovative ideas in produce. Available year-round, Alsum Farms & Produce’s Fast & Fresh! Potatoes are a 12 oz. package of fresh baby russet potatoes that are triplewashed and ready to cook. Today’s busy consumers can take these fresh potatoes from the microwave to their plate in 5 minutes or less. Fast & Fresh! potatoes are the perfect side dish that’s delicious, good-for-you and easy to serve with any meal. These convenience packed potatoes are now available at select retail grocers alongside Alsum Farms & Produce full-line of conventional, organic and specialty potato offerings. The eye-catching steamer packaging capitalizes on the trust and expertise of the farmer, Larry Alsum, as well as protects the potatoes from

light to prevent greening when on the store shelf or in the home cooks pantry.

Russet Potatoes a convenient side dish for today’s busy consumers and millennial shoppers.”

“The Microwave-Ready Russet Potatoes bring fresh, convenient potato solutions to the time-starved consumer,” says Heidi Alsum-Randall, National Sales and Marketing Manager of Alsum Farms & Produce. “Demanding lifestyles coupled with the desire for healthier meals make the Alsum 12 oz. Microwave-Ready

For more than four decades, Alsum Farms & Produce has been a leading grower, packer and shipper of locally grown potatoes, onions and provider of fresh, quality produce. To learn more about Alsum Farms & Produce, its full-line of products or to request a sample, visit www.alsum.com.

USDA Deregulates Innate™ Second Generation Potatoes The J.R. Simplot Company is pleased that the USDA has deregulated the Russet Burbank variety of the second generation of Innate™ potatoes. Simplot is looking forward to the completion of the EPA registration and FDA consultation before the second generation of Innate™ 46 BC�T October

potatoes can be introduced into the marketplace. The second generation of Innate™ potatoes contains four beneficial traits of relevance to potato growers, processors and consumers: 1.) Reduced bruising and black spots; 2.) Reduced asparagine; 3.) resistance

to Late Blight pathogens; and, 4.) Enhanced cold storage capability. These traits were achieved by adapting only genes from wild and cultivated potatoes. Early research shows that Innate™ second generation potatoes will further contribute to reducing waste

associated with bruise, blight and storage losses by reducing waste at multiple stages of the value chain, including in-field, during storage, processing, and in foodservice. That research suggests that these traits will translate to less land, water and pesticide applications to produce these potatoes. Academics consulted by Simplot, for

instance, estimate that the Innate™ late blight resistance trait, regulated by the EPA, can result in a 25-45% reduction in fungicide applications annually to control late blight. Lower asparagine means that accumulation levels of acrylamide can be reduced by up to 90% or more when these potatoes are cooked at very high temperatures. In addition, lowered reducing sugars enable cold storage

at 38°F for more than 6 months without the build-up of sugars which improves quality. Note: These potatoes remain regulated as Plant-IncorporatedProtectants by US EPA, and there will be no promotion, distribution or sale of these potatoes until they are registered by the EPA. continued on pg.48

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Now News. . . continued from pg. 47

Tasteful Selections Facility Named 2015 Green Plant of the Year Tasteful Selections™ new facility, in Arvin Calif., was named the 2015 Green Plant of the Year by Food Processing Magazine. With a commitment to a higher standard of quality and innovation, the stateof-the-art 200,000 sq.-ft. building was designed to reduce energy use, over its old facility, by 50 percent. The new building meets Cal Green Certification Standards and food safety regulations with impressive cutting edge technology that improves the quality, sustainability and efficiency of Tasteful Selections’ operations. Improvements include enhanced temperature controls and stainless steel machinery throughout the facility. A redesigned water system allows all water to be reused either in the washing process or by applying to nearby farmland. Another feature is the use of glycol instead of ammonia in work areas. Environmentally this is not an issue but it was selected out of concern for employee’s safety. “This new facility is something we

48 BC�T October

are really proud of,” said Russell Wysocki president and CEO of RPE. “As a company committed to responsible farming and innovative solutions, with this facility we are able to reduce the amount of energy we use as well as provide a safer environment for our employees.”

grades, stores, washes, dries and packages the potatoes for distribution.

Winners of the Green Plant award submitted 200 word essays depicting sustainable and environmentally friendly practices that are being used in their facilities. The new Tasteful Selections facility, opened in March,

About Tasteful Selections Tasteful Selections, LLC is a joint venture of RPE, CSS Farms and Plover River Farms Alliance, Inc. They are a vertically integrated grower, shipper, marketer of premium specialty potatoes with unique attributes for size and flavor.

For more information visit TastefulSelections.com or contact an RPE sales representative at 800-678-2789.

New Products A CUT ABOVE THE REST High-Tech Bag Closure Printing Up until now, printers for bag closing systems have been bulky, messy and difficult to use. Now, there is a change coming to the packaging world. A new state-of-the art printing system introduced by Matthews Marking and their partner Miksanek through their authorized distributor, ThorPack, LLC, is creating a big stir in the industry. For the first time in years, a thermal inkjet printing system answers all of the issues that have plagued previous marking systems. This new system can be easily adapted to any standard bag closing system whether you are printing on plastic closers or on wine glass labels.

message creation and selection a breeze with the intuitive touch screen interface. This printing system requires little or no maintenance other than an occasional wipe of the print head with a cloth. NO purging and NO special solvents needed. Changeover is as easy as snapping in a new cartridge, and you have a brand new print head. And, what about the cost? That is where the really good news comes into play.

It easily manages messages and settings across one or more production lines due to its Ethernet network interface capability.

The cost of the Matthews printer is about half the cost of the current printing systems on the market today. The supply costs are about half or less than the current supplies needed for today’s printers.

These printers offer an extensive selection of pre-formatted and configurable counters, batch controls, user-defined text fields and custom expiration date/time formats making

So there it is in a ‘nut shell’. If you are looking for a low cost high efficiency printer that is easy to maintain and trouble-free, the Matthews Printer is your answer.

ThorPack is proud to be the distributor of choice to offer you this new state-of-the-art product. For more information or to setup an onsite demo, call Marty Kolpack 715-6277333 or toll free 866-934-7333. continued on pg. 50

For sale used equipment (2) Ag Pack Automatic Baggers Baker Weigh-O-Matic 14-Head Bagger • FMC Two-Lane Weight Sizer • Lockwood Roll Sizer • Ideal Box Stapler • Bag Closers • (1) 450 Hundred Weight Holding Tanks • (1) 350 Hundred Weight Holding Tanks • Several Conveyers Of Varying Widths & Lengths • FMC 1000 Gallon Stainless Steel Sprayer W/110-Foot Booms • Betterbuilt Seed Cutter • Lockwood Bin Loader 40’ • Case 1070 & 4690 Tractors • 10 Bottom Plow • 75-Hp, 3-Phase, 480 Volt Electric Motor • Bulk Boxes • Other Miscellaneous Equipment • •

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BC�T October 49

New Products. . . continued from pg. 49

Spray Foam Insulation Offers High R-Value Energy Efficiency Now you have another choice in insulating your Ag storage. Millions of square footage of Oak Ridge Foam & Coating Systems ‘sprayed-inplace’ polyurethane foam insulation has been economically installed in a multitude of diverse Agriculture industry facilities, helping maintain the high quality of produce such as apples, potatoes, cabbage, squash and carrots in cold storage and controlled atmospheres. Their clients who have utilized this product boast of substantial energy savings whether it is an interior insulation application solving both air leakage and water leakage or as an exterior installation. Additionally, installation is very quick and reduces down time. Oak Ridge Foam & Coating Systems coatings are recognized for incidental food contact and carry an USDA rating. Their diverse line includes acrylics, urethanes, ignition barriers, epoxies and polyurea coatings. Environmentally friendly Polyurea Coatings have fast reactivity and cure, moisture insensitive, chemical and abrasion resistant. They can be applied to a variety of substrates such as concrete, wood, metal, geotextile, existing single ply membranes and other types. Their outstanding physical properties deliver long-term performance and a great return for your investment. For more information, visit their website, www.oakridgepoly.com, or call 800-625-9577 (toll-free) or 920-294-6800.

50 BC�T October

Oddball Organics ™ Unique Potato Option Oddball Organics is the latest addition to the RPE Inc, family of exceptional brands and they are just as nutritious and delicious as traditional organic potatoes.

and innovative solutions, RPE was inspired to use Oddball Organics as a viable option for growers, shippers and consumers to save money and reduce waste.

and considered non-market-grade potatoes.

Organic potato production is on the rise. Since last year, RPE’s cooperative growers saw a 47 percent acreage increase in Wisconsin alone. Unfortunately, with increased production, waste is often unavoidable.

Oddball Organics potatoes have the same great flavor consumers enjoy, the only difference between these and traditional organic potatoes are the odd shapes or minor skin blemishes. Potatoes that are misshapen or contain minor blemishes are often thrown out

“Many of these potatoes would have been discarded solely because they were misshapen. RPE, committed to responsible farming, is consistently working on saving our customers money as well as pushing toward the reduction of waste in the potato industry,” said Russell Wysocki,

Committed to responsible farming

With Oddball Organics, RPE embraces these imperfections and reduces waste in the process.

continued on pg. 52

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New Products. . . continued from pg. 51

president and CEO of RPE. Due to their minor imperfections, Oddball Organics are marketed at a discounted price from other organic potatoes. Available in several

varieties including russet, red and gold potatoes, Oddball Organics are offered in 3-pound poly bags, mesh bags, bulk and display ready cartons as well as custom programs to meet the customers’ specific.

Oddball Organics are accidentally imperfect, yet perfect in taste. For more information, visit our website at RPEproduce.com or contact an RPE sales representative at (800) 678-2789.

New Airless Tire for Center Pivots Growers tired of getting flat tires on their center pivots now have a new option: the Valley® Revolution™ airless tire. Flats usually happen at inconvenient times and places, when the corn is high, the heat is intense and the tires are difficult to reach without damaging the crop. This new airless tire from Valley Irrigation, The Leader in Precision Irrigation®, is a rugged, durable tire that eliminates problems with flats. It features a well-proven aperture design, similar to tires used on forklifts. Vice President of Global Marketing, Matt Ondrejko said that Valley Irrigation monitored the industry and considered plastic and steel tires

before deciding on aperture tires. Plastic tires tend to slip on rocky ground and have poor self-cleaning, he said, while steel has no give and can quickly corrode in some field conditions. “Revolution airless tires from Valley are thick, rubber tires with webbing in the sidewall, between the tread and the wheel, to give it softness and flexibility,” Ondrejko said. The aperture design provides flexibility over ridges and other obstacles to help prevent overloading of the drive train. The compliant rubber tire will not slip on rocks or other hard objects. In addition, the non-directional tread provides excellent traction while

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reducing track depth by keeping mud in the wheel track, rather than pushing it out of the track like standard tractor tires. Most center pivot flat tires are not noticed until they cause the center pivot to stop, ruining the tire, rim and sometimes the gearbox, Ondrejko said. A flat tire can cost $1,000 to $1,500 and means making repairs in the middle of a field. Flats also can cause downtime during peak irrigation season when water is critical to maximizing yields. “With these airless tires, irrigators will benefit from longer tire life, while eliminating flats in their fields,” he said. “We’re confident this tire will last for many years, so confident that the Valley Revolution tire comes with a five-year, full replacement warranty.” Learn more about the Valley Revolution at www. valleyirrigation.com.

Syngenta adds Orondis® fungicide to Vegetable, Potato Portfolio Syngenta announced that Orondis® fungicide is now approved for use by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as the first fungicide in the FRAC group U15. Pending state registrations, Orondis is expected to be available for the 2016 season. Orondis contains the active ingredient oxathiapiprolin and offers a new mode of action for outstanding control of economically important soil and foliar diseases caused by Oomycete fungi in vegetables, potatoes and tobacco. Syngenta secured a license to develop and market products containing oxathiapiprolin from DuPont in 2013 and has exclusive rights in North America for foliar and soil use on vegetables, potatoes, tobacco and other specialty crops.

“Orondis is an excellent foundation fungicide and offers growers a new tool in their disease control programs,” said Bernd Druebbisch, fungicide product lead, Syngenta. “Its new mode of action complements and enhances our diverse fungicide portfolio.” Orondis will be marketed as three multi-packs of separately registered products to customers: • Orondis and Ridomil Gold® fungicide for control of soil-borne Oomycete diseases in vegetables and tobacco • Orondis and Bravo® fungicide for control of downy mildew and late blight in potatoes and vegetables • Orondis and Revus® fungicide for control of downy mildew and late blight in leafy vegetables (lettuce

and spinach), potatoes, tobacco and other vegetables Premix products will be developed combining these products and, when approved by the EPA and states, will be sold under the following brand names: Orondis® Gold fungicide (Orondis and Ridomil Gold); Orondis® Opti fungicide (Orondis and Bravo); and Orondis® Ultra fungicide (Orondis and Revus). “In extensive trials, Orondis has shown outstanding efficacy at significantly lower active ingredient rates, compared with other fungicides,” said Paul Kuhn, technical product lead, Syngenta. “It has demonstrated an ability to greatly reduce disease severity in treated fields and provide measurable improvements in yield.”

What do you expect from the seed potatoes that you buy?

The varieties that yo

u need.

The early generation that you want.

The quality and yie ld that you have come to expect.

Wisconsin has it!

For a directory of Wisconsin Certified Seed Potato Growers or a free video, contact:


Wisconsin Seed Potato Improvement Association, Inc. P.O. Box 173, Antigo, WI 54409 715-623-4039 www.potatoseed.org

View a directory of the Wisconsin Certified Seed Potato Growers on your smartphone.

BC�T October 53

NPC News NPC Submits Comments to EPA on Protecting Monarchs NPC has submitted comments2 in response to EPA's solicitation for public comment on its white paper, "Risk Management Approach to Identifying Options for Protecting the Monarch Butterfly." In the letter, NPC agreed with EPA's approach of seeking input from a diverse group of stakeholders and identifying activities that will balance milkweed conservation with weed management activities across varied landscapes in its plan to protect the monarch butterfly. NPC also noted concern over the agency's reference to the possibility of requiring changes in herbicide label requirements for application rates, spray drift and the frequency and timing of applications. NPC believes that such action should not be considered without consultation with farmers and that cooperation and partnership between EPA and growers will create the greatest benefit for the monarch butterfly. The National Potato Council is the advocate for the economic well-being of U.S. potato growers on federal legislative, regulatory, environmental, and trade issues. NPC

Dianne Somers, Plover River Farms, Inc., Stevens Point, grows prairie flowers in bordering areas of some of their fields like this one on the corner of County Road J and 9th Street. Recently, this section was filled with hundreds of monarchs. Perhaps if more people believed, “If you grow it, they will come,” and provide more habitat, it will help save monarchs, bees and other insects.

supports the U.S. potato industry by monitoring issues affecting the strength and viability of the potato industry, influencing regulators and legislators on issues crucial to the industry's long term success, ensuring fair market access for potatoes and potato products, and bringing the unique issues and interests of diverse growing regions in the

U.S. together on a national level. 1. http://www.nationalpotatocouncil.org/ files/6314/4069/7962/EPA_Pollinator_ Protection_Proposal_Comments.pdf 2. h ttp://www.nationalpotatocouncil.org/ files/7214/4068/9573/EPA_Monarch_ Butterfly_Letter.pdf

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NPC Submits Comments on EPA Bee Proposal NPC has submitted comments1 to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on a current proposal intended to protect bee health. NPC believes the proposal will undermine the ability of potato growers to utilize key active ingredients that are core parts of modern Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs and fail to provide improvements for bee colonies. In the letter, NPC urged EPA to develop a clear process for

extensive input by experts and key stakeholders to go over several uncertainties in the proposal before rushing to implement regulatory changes by 2016. The failure to solicit additional stakeholder input will harm growers and limit agriculture's ability to work cooperatively with beekeepers. Growers focus on sound stewardship of crop protection chemicals and believe that there are many factors potentially impacting the health of beehives. NPC is in support

of a strong research agenda by EPA that will establish all impacting factors on bee health rather than singling out pesticide use. 1. http://www.nationalpotatocouncil.org/ files/6314/4069/7962/EPA_Pollinator_ Protection_Proposal_Comments.pdf

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People 2015 President’s Day Golf Outing

(LR): Dick Pavelski, Andy Diercks, Bob and Cheri Guenthner, Josh Mattek, Ron Krueger, Mike Carter, Larry Alsum, Eric Schroeder and Mark Finnessy.

The WPVGA President’s Day Golf Outing took place after the WPVGA monthly board meeting on August 26, 2015 at the beautiful Northern Bay Golf Course in Arkdale.

The winning foursome of Bob and Cheri Guenthner, Mike Carter and Andy Diercks posted a fine score of 70 to easily win the three-team best ball tournament.

Senninger Irrigation Hires New Midwest Regional Manager Senninger Irrigation announced the recent hire of Daryl Finestead, who joins the company as Senninger’s new District Sales Manager for Midwestern USA. Daryl Finestead will represent Senninger in Iowa, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Wisconsin, and parts of Michigan. All customers in the region can reach him at dfinestead@senninger.biz or at (515) 443-9499. Daryl comes to Senninger with over 25 years of experience in the design and sale of irrigation systems. His many accomplishments in the turf and agriculture industry include selling, planning and designing over 150 irrigation systems across Iowa and Nebraska. He and his family reside in Minburn, Iowa and he is looking forward to meeting dealers and growers in the territory. Daryl Finestead 56 BC�T October

Marketplace Spudmobile Packs on the Miles By Dana Rady, WPVGA Director of Promotions and Consumer Education From fairs to retail stores and sporting events to church picnics, August proved to be a busy month for Wisconsin’s traveling billboard. Dane County Farm Technology Days 2015 hosted by Statz Brothers, Inc., Sun Prairie, August 25-27, was part of that event list and lived up to its reputation with yet another success. The Spudmobile was one of about 600 commercial and educational exhibitors at Dane County Farm Technology Days 2015. Visitors received an extra bonus this year by trying out the newly updated digital technology recently completed on various exhibits inside the RV.

A view from the top of the Spudmobile shows a portion of the Dane County Farm Technology Days 2015 grounds and the many commercial and educational exhibitors.

The updates are captivating and are certainly keeping the educational aspects of the Spudmobile fun. Here is proof of the fun had by all!

These Dane County Farm Technology Days 2015 attendees enjoy looking up some healthy and quick potato recipes to make at home while touring the Spudmobile. The Potato Variety and Recipe Kiosk is one of eight exhibits inside the Spudmobile. 58 BC�T October

Three young boys at Dane County Farm Technology Days 2015 challenge each other to one of the newest games in the Spudmobile’s Interactive Touch Table. Circling two potatoes of the same color helps that potato keep growing until all the spuds of that color are gone. Warning: This game is capable of keeping players occupied for hours!

Powered by Potatoes While the Spudmobile keeps it real on the road, participants at various Powered by Potatoes events were doing the same. Here are some great photos at the Waupaca Triathlon provided by Julie Lampert. Waupaca Triathlon participants take the plunge in the swimming portion of the race held Saturday, August 15.

Julie Lampert proudly continues on her journey through the Waupaca Triathlon biking portion.

Julie Lampert (left) and two other Powered by Potato supporters get ready for the Waupaca Triathlon.

WPIB Focus Wisconsin Potato Assessment Collections: Two-Year Comparison Month











































$133,957.87 BC�T October 59

Potato Board News U.S. Potato Exports Decline for First Time in Over 10 Years External Factors Combine, Causing Downturn Total U.S. potato exports were $1,624,964,108 for FY14 (July 1, 2014 – June 30, 2015) marketing year. This is seven percent below the previous year but still the third highest level ever. The volume was off five percent on a fresh weight equivalent (FWE) basis at 3,061,166 metric tons (MT) (67,529,326 hundredweight (cwt)). This is still the second highest volume of potato exports ever for the U.S. There were many external factors impacting the year-over-year decline; however, the most important were excess European supply and resulting low prices, the strong dollar and the slowdowns at U.S. west coast ports from October 2014 – February 2015. While frozen, fresh and seed exports were down, dehy and chip exports were actually up. FROZEN PRODUCT The most significant losses were in the frozen product area with value down 11 percent, a loss of $126 million to $890 million, and volume off 12 percent, a decline of 211,824

60 BC�T October

FWE MT (4,684,750 cwt of raw), for a total of 1,513,622 FWE MT (33,390,506 cwt of raw). This sector faced the most increased competition from EU product and was the hardest hit by the port issues. The market having the largest impact on the U.S. total was Japan, which still accounts for 25 percent of total frozen exports, with volume declines of 23 percent. World exports to this market were off 13 percent, with the EU and New Zealand registering the only gains. Exports to the second largest market for the U.S., Mexico, were up 1 percent in volume and 6 percent in value. This market was not impacted by the port issues and is dominated by the U.S. and Canada. Canada did increase market share based on exchange rate factors. Korea, now the third largest market for U.S. frozen potatoes, declined 9 percent in volume and 7 percent by value. The overall market was actually

up slightly with the EU, China and Canada picking up the growth from the U.S. losses. Other notable declines in U.S. exports were to China, -21 percent; Taiwan, -29 percent; Malaysia, -27 percent; and Hong Kong, -22 percent. There were other gains, most notably to Canada, 23 percent; Australia, 44 percent; and Central America, 16 percent. DEHYDRATED POTATOES U.S. exports of dehydrated potatoes increased three percent in value to a record $212 million and 10 percent in volume to 933,777 FWE MT (20,599,121 cwt raw) also a record. On a fresh weight equivalent basis, dehy now accounts for 30 percent of total potato export volume. The top market for dehy exports is Canada, a portion of which is then exported to other markets, mainly in Asia. The second largest market is Japan, which grew 54 percent in volume to 34,214 MT of finished product. Mexico is third and had

1 percent growth this past year to 23,622 MT. A good portion of the exports to this market goes to fabricated chips, which are then re-exported to the U.S.

grew by 28 percent to 24,390 MT; these gains were made exclusively from chipping potatoes. Japan, also exclusively chipping potatoes, had a slight decline of three percent.

Other growth markets were China, 46 percent; Australia, 11 percent; S. Korea, 66 percent; and Indonesia, 7 percent. There were declines in exports to the Philippines, -24 percent; Chile, -38 percent; Malaysia, -18 percent; and the UK, -12 percent.

The U.S. exports both chip-stock and table-stock to Taiwan where there was a 20 percent increase in sales last year. Malaysia, also a mixed market, had a decline of 21 percent in U.S. exports, despite a 25 percent increase in total exports to this market. The EU claimed almost all of this increase.

FRESH POTATOES The value of U.S. exports of fresh potatoes (table-stock and chip-stock) declined by 12 percent to $183 million. The volume decline was only seven percent to 407,159 MT (8,981,928 cwt) as unit values increased. Canada remains far and away the largest market for fresh potatoes at 48 percent of the total. Therefore, the 18 percent reduction in shipments to Canada was the leading factor in the decline. In fact, good growth was made in shipments to other key markets. Much of the decline in shipments to Canada was caused by reductions in purchases of chipping potatoes for processing in Canada. The second largest market remains Mexico, which grew by 15 percent to 82,394 MT, but is still severely limited by market access restrictions. The third largest, South Korea,

Despite lingering market access issues in some markets, exports to Central America increased by 11 percent. This increase was at the expense of exports from Canada as the overall market shrunk by 13 percent. SEED POTATOES Exports of seed potatoes were down 32 percent in value and 24 percent by volume. However, misclassification of fresh potatoes as seed potatoes, and vice versa, often skews these figures. Declines in exports occurred to Uruguay, Brazil and Nicaragua. All three countries have lingering market access issues, which contributed to these declines. Exports increased to the Dominican Republic and Sri Lanka. MOVING FORWARD Recovery in growth of frozen exports

will depend on the ability of the U.S. in recovering lost sales and market share caused by the west coast port issues. A more balanced supply situation in the EU and U.S. should help with this process, though the continued strong dollar will hamper U.S. efforts. The USPB will continue to implement numerous programs in the target markets to regain these sales, including promotions, technical services and “Why Buy US” training. Continued growth in dehy exports will depend on the USPB continuing to develop new demand and U.S. processors being able to meet this demand at competitive prices despite the strong dollar. Prospects for increased exports of fresh potatoes outside of Canada look very good, especially if market access issues can be resolved or improved. The large chipping potato crop in Canada will continue to hamper exports to that market. Seed potato export increases hinge upon improved market access and increased efforts by U.S. shippers. For more information on the USPB as the nation’s potato marketing organization, positioned as the “catalyst for positive change,” and the central organizing force in implementing programs that will increase demand for potatoes, please visit www.uspotatoes.com. BC�T October 61

Auxiliary News Board of Directors Election By Lynn Isherwood, Vice-President, Wisconsin Potato Growers Auxiliary

Top Left: (L-R) Linda Vollmar – Chairman, Diane Mckinney, Mark Mckinney, Torie Deacy, Donna Kuhr, Katrina Resch, Corey Resch, Logan Vollmar, Jolene Hartman, Scott Gruenberg, Beth Gravitter, Alex Deacy and Barbie Truszynski Top Right : (L-R) Kathy Bartsch-Chairman, Jackie Sigourney, Marie Reid. Janet Banks, Cathy Schommer, Denice Lazzell, Lori Kendl, Hortense Lewallen, Kathy Meyers, Karen Kering, Missy Henske, and Nancy Holden

The 39th year of the Wisconsin Potato Growers Auxiliary baked potato booth at the Wisconsin State Fair was once again a successful event! We sold nearly 54,228 baked potatoes and raised more than $232,518, which covers about half of the WPGA’s annual budget for promoting potatoes. WPGA’s baked potatoes are one of the most sought after foods in the Ag Products Pavilion. People line up from morning to night and load their potatoes with toppings like butter, cheese, sour cream, salsa, chili and bacon bits. WPGA added an

outside window to their booth a few years ago to help shorten the long lines inside the Pavilion and allow people to sit and enjoy their meal. Once again, we wish to thank the 136 volunteers who trekked down to West Allis, washed, baked and served potatoes from 9 am to 10 pm for 11 straight days during the Fair. Without this group of dedicated women and men, we could not have performed such a gigantic task. This massive undertaking requires 12 people per shift handling the booth. The baked potatoes sell for $5 each or three for $12.

Above: (L-R) Carole Gagas-Chairman, Diane Wysocki- Co-Chairman, Cindy Henke, Sharon Wysocki, Marcella Johnston, Marilyn Wierzba, Arlene Wierzba, Ruth Schmidt, Lyza Schmidt, Shary Walkush, Erin Wysocki and Debbie Adamski Middle: (L-R) Josie Spurgeon-Chairman, Karen Rasmussen, Angie Spurgeon, Katalin Spurgeon, Alicia Lex, Theresa Webb, Julie Dobrinska, Lexi Novy, Kristi Hohensee, Kimberley Spurgeon, Kay Meister, Julie Prince, Joe Johnson and Stephanie Plaster Right: (L-R) Linda Thurber-Chairman, Bonnie Sutherland, Julie Phillips, Sherry Footit, Doug Footit, Barb Footit, Dennis Footit, Lori Bartram, Pat Footit, Cindy Zager, Jeanette Wilson and Betty Daberkow 62 BC�T October

Opposite Page: Top Left: (L-R) Caroline Wild-Chairman, Laurel Wirth, Mary Gallenberg, Colleen Krivoshein, Paula Resch, Diane Allen, Janet Roth, Amanda Brown, Miranda Roth, Sue Ullman, Kelly Ullman, Holly Ullman and Jen Wild Top Right:(L-R) Patty Hafner-Chairman, Sheila Rine, Rachel Rine, Pearl Maly, Kelly Maly, Kaitlyn Houdek, Nikole Houdek, Connie Wild, Deb Burton, Clover Spacek, Jake Reif and Steph Fassbender

Above: (L-R) Kathy Baginski-Chairman, Bruce Baginski, Marie Wendt, Theresa Hartman, Margie Galuska, Kim Halambeck, Angel Wirz, Devon Zarda, Becky Schultz, Orianna Layman, Mary Banczak, Selena Schultz and Hannah Baginski Below: (L-R) Peggy Quinn-Chairman, Terry Zalewski, Sandy Greening, Mary Jo Peterson, Louise Bell, Jackie Rozina, Dena Burkhart, Jamie Falk, Michele Nagel, Diane Preboski, Heidi Marckx and Barb Kubal

Left: (L-R) Allison Wysocki-Chairman, Erin Wysocki, Becky Wysocki, Luke Wysocki, Rosie Wysocki, Chrissy Delong, Adam Wysocki, Dan Wysocki, Bonnie Wysocki, Melissa Wysocki, Maria Wysocki and Lynette Patoka Right: (L-R) Midge Tatro-Chairman, Deb Mattmiller, Mary Kegley, Diane Borneman, Kathy Keen, Kelly Novak, Judy Kostelny, Ken Michaels, Jeanne Koss, Nicole Solin and Kathy Thomae

Auxiliary News Update In the August 2015 Badger Common’Tater issue, the article entitled, 5th Annual Feed My Starving Children Event, states that the event was sponsored by the WPVGA Auxiliary. The correct name is the WPGA Auxiliary. The event’s two largest contributing sponsors, Wisconsin Potato & Growers Association (WPVGA) and the WPVGA Associate Division were joined by many grower and private donors. In the September Auxiliary News, Investing in Future Leaders, again, it is the WPGA Auxiliary, not the WPVGA Auxiliary. The WPVGA Associate Division actually originated this program years ago and now partners equally with the WPGA Auxiliary to provide these scholarships. The photos for Kaitlin Kakes and Kaitlin Woyak, placed next to each other, were inadvertently identified as the opposite person.

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For more details on how to grow with us, call 715-335-8050 or email – contactus@paragonpotatofarm.com BC�T October 63

Ali's Kitchen Column & Photos by Ali Carter, WPVGA Auxiliary Member

It’s football season. While I openly admit I may not be the biggest fan of the game, what does excite me are the tailgate parties and the gathering of friends and family to watch the games. These things always involve delicious appetizers and fun foods, and THAT is something of which I am a big fan! This Potato Nacho with Beer Cheese Sauce recipe is perfect for just such a gathering and will please all of your football fans. There are a number of steps to this recipe but I promise you that everything comes together easily and the results are amazing. When I presented these nachos to my husband Mike, he described them as being “full of robust flavor.” They are exactly that…crispy potato, spicy chorizo, cool mashed avocado, lime and the snappy heat of the jalapenos, all covered in beer cheese sauce! There is a lot going on in this dish and it all melds into one fabulous flavor.

Ali's Recipe Potato Nacho with Beer Cheese Sauce POTATO CHIPS: 2 pounds potatoes, sliced into 1/4 inch slices 1-tablespoon olive oil Salt, pepper, cayenne to taste SAUSAGE: 1-pound chorizo sausage, casings removed 1 onion, diced 2 teaspoons chopped garlic BEER CHEESE SAUCE: 1-tablespoon butter 1 1/2 tablespoons flour 1-cup Sprecher Black Bavarian beer (or any dark beer you prefer) 1-tablespoon Dijon mustard 1-teaspoon Worcestershire sauce 2 cups shredded cheddar NACHO TOPPINGS:

Preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Spread your potato slices onto a baking sheet lined with parchment paper, drizzle with olive oil and season them with the salt, pepper and cayenne. Bake the potato slices for about 10 minutes, flip them and then place back into the oven for an additional 10 to 15 minutes until they are golden brown and slightly crispy. 64 BC�T October

1 cup tomato, diced 1/4 cup cilantro, chopped 3 green onions, chopped 1 jalapeno, sliced 1 large avocado, mashed with 1 tablespoon lime juice and seasoned with salt

While the potatoes are crisping in the oven, cook the chorizo sausage and onion in a pan over medium-high heat for about 10 minutes until the sausage is browned and the onions are tender. Add the garlic and continue to cook for another minute. Remove the pan from the heat and set aside.

Once your potatoes are out of the oven, your chorizo is browned and ready and your cheese sauce is warming, it is time to assemble the nacho toppings. Now, for the cheese sauce.

Mash the avocado with a dash of salt and sprinkle on a good squeeze of lime juice. Dice the green onions, tomatoes and jalapeno.

This sauce has an incredible depth due to the malty sweetness of the beer. Today, we chose to use a Milwaukee beer, Sprecher's Black Bavarian, but feel free to use any dark beer you prefer. This cheese sauce starts with a basic roux by melting the butter in a pan over medium heat for three minutes until it is bubbling and turns a light golden brown. Add the flour and continue to cook for another 2 to 3 minutes. Add the beer, mustard and Worcestershire sauce. Stir continuously until it thickens. This should take just a few minutes. Toss the cheese into the sauce and stir until melted. Keep the pan on low heat to ensure the cheese sauce remains warm while you prep the toppings.

continued on pg. 66 BC�T October 65

Ali's Kitchen. . . continued from pg. 65

Assemble the nachos by placing the potato slices on the serving dish, top with the chorizo, tomatoes, green onion, jalapeno, avocado, the cheese sauce and cilantro. Serve these nachos at your next game day party and you’ll be sure to fuel all of your guests for the return of football season!


"Food is not about impressing people. It's about making them feel comfortable." ~ Ina Garten, The Barefoot Contessa Cookbook

SUPPORT YOUR FELLOW WPVGA MEMBERS When you need goods or services, please consider asking our Associate Division Members for quotes or explore what they have to offer. Together, we make a strong organization and appreciate how wonderful we are as a group. 66 BC�T October

Tater Bin In Defense of Old Trees By Justin Isherwood The article was titled “Global Decline in Large Old Trees” … AAAS, Science, 7 December 2012. I have a love affair with old trees. Part for the romance of big old trees; how a tree comes to define a landscape, define a home, a farm, a sense of place, leisure, shelter, not to forget shade. Forestry has been a part of my family’s enterprise since we arrived in this Old Northwest jurisdiction called the Pinery. Those trees and their attached traditions have rubbed off on succeeding generations, part was

the simple need for firewood, allied to a recalcitrant, multigenerational love affair with sawmills and lumbering. Once it was a common practice for farmers to work the woods and the sawmills during winter months. The vitality of this woodcraft had an almost sport-like zeal in the pleasure of felling, skidding and sawyering. The farm sawmill remains a certain cult practice, an attachment to old values, old rhythms, an old alliance with trees.

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Some of these trees gained stature and reverence as a result, champions that might one day add grandeur to the barn or a house. This big-timber sense changed with the invention of the arch roof barn as no longer required muscle-bound timbers, instead utilized common boards and not very long boards at that. The roof arch was laminated of oneinch boards and none too fussy about the kind of wood used, elm would do as well as black oak, even hemlock and tamarack if you were not of a mind to care what your neighbors might think. When our home woods was enrolled in the Tree Farm program we gained the services of a DNR forester, soon to learn there were commercial aspects to woodland management.

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Once every prosperous farm had a sawmill, to the purpose of gaining that supply of lumber ricks behind the shed from whence the next barn or shed was sourced. Trees were saved in the woodlot to the specific needs of construction of a size for big timbers.

The standard approach to remove dead trees and inferior types, along with trees at peak maturity when their annual growth slowed. This forestry sense was based on a kind of cordwood batting average. Production foresters commonly represented high-end forest management, to take out under-performing trees, favor the productive species, reduce understory competition, cull the bickering juveniles.

I remember a heated discussion of “productive forest,” that in the end looked “artificial,” looked “too managed.” Absent the elements of a “real woods,” like the struggling stand of juvenile pine, the impenetrable tangle of blackberry, those useless balsam and hemlocks, the hollow den trees. A production woods was better at board feet, if it did leave some things undefined. Most foresters did not force the choice, if most believed there was but one catholic faith.

to one per hectare. In Yosemite, large tree proportion has declined by 24% in the period 1930-1990. The world’s tallest flowering plant is the Mountain Ash of southern Australia that once numbered five trees per hectare, the population is one tree every two hectares. The problem of maintaining big trees

is identifying the support structures for the stewardship of these trees. Western foresters have learned that large Ponderosa pine require intensive under-story management. Enhancing the number of small trees can rapidly expand cord wood volume, but in turn to fuel hot


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There is a growing worldwide concern among foresters for the status and fate of old growth trees. Curiously, coincident to the concern for large-bodied animals such as elephants, whales and tigers. It seems between human need and development there is an exclusionary factor for large life forms that come with their own space needs. To the end, a similar fate is shared between big trees as well as big animals. A survey in Sweden revealed trees larger than two feet in diameter have been reduced from 19 per hectare

continued on pg. 70


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continued from pg. 69

forest fires versus cool forest fires. Combined with an increasingly dry climate reduces the chance of large tree survival. Protecting old growth comes at the expense of production numbers, in the end a fine-line management decision. Old tree management on a working farm is not the same kind of problem though it sometimes involves the town chairman and the local utility. A year ago, a new power-line went through our farm, including some big classic road trees. A town chairman had a no-prisoner attitude, basically telling WPS they could cut away to their heart’s desire at the trees on the right of way. Never mind he was not the chairman of the town in question, rather to the town on the opposite side of the road. Goodbye trees. A year later came the request for another 3-phase corridor across our farm’s land and another cherished tree line. I was duly apprehensive at the meeting with the route engineer and feared for the fate for some nice specimens.

To my surprise, the corridor engineer was most accommodating, the transmission line was moved inward, to the field road beyond the tree edge, only one tree was removed to allow space for the line to cross the road. To the end, the township kept a pretty shaded country road, a rare thing in the domain of the center pivot.

Advanced Farm Equipment............ 7

German forest science has have taken up the cause of preserving trees in the landscape as an applicable and available means to offset climate change, for two basic reasons; carbon sequestering and ground shading. I have long thought a tipping factor of center pivot irrigation and its high cap well is the landscape to go with this practice.

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To include hedgerows and road trees of size to cast shadows, to interfere with wind- enhanced evaporation, in the end to shorten the solar day. In this way, a tree-endowed landscape mitigates water use, both in evaporation and retention. Though I will openly admit, I do not need science to tell me big old trees are good for the landscape.

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