United States Through Industrialism - Unit Overviews

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Student Edition


Journey Through a TCI Inquiry-Based Unit Immerse students in history with TCI’s inquiry-based units. Each unit in this program will guide students through the inquiry process, providing opportunities to engage in research projects and to develop arguments around primary sources. Additionally, each lesson in the unit offers guiding questions that facilitate class discussion and debate, stunning images for students to investigate, and rich written and visual primary sources. UNIT 4

F O R M I N G A N E W N AT I O N

Follow the steps below to complete a Embedded Action Inquiry during this unit. Use the activities and disciplinary sources to build your knowledge and gather evidence. Then construct an argument that answers the compelling question. STEP 1 Developing Questions

Compelling Question What can you do to make the United States a "more perfect Union"? Staging the Question

STEP 2

Using Disciplinary Sources to Build Arguments

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Inquiry Project

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Geography Challenge

Read the Preamble of the Constitution. Discuss as a class: What are the goals of the Constitution? To what extent do you think the United States has fulfilled these goals?

Supporting Question 1 What problems did the Constitution solve? What problems did it not address?

Each unit includes an inquiry project to guide discovery of the content and tie together the lessons in a meaningful way.

Lesson: Creating the Constitution

Activity Experience difficulties under the Articles of Confederation. Then represent the perspectives of various states at the Constitutional Convention. (Classroom Activity)

Sources Source A: “The Articles of Confederation” (Online Reading – Primary Source) Source B: “Creating the Constitution” (Reading – Sections 2–9) Source C: “The Constitution of the United States” (Reference – Citizenship) Source D: “Federalist and AntiFederalist Writings” (Online Reading – Primary Source)

Lesson: The Constitution Source E: “The Constitution” Reading – Sections 1–8)

Formative Task Write a letter to James Madison describing two ways that the Constitution succeeded in setting up “a more perfect Union.” Then explain two ways that you think it could have been improved.

Source F: “James Madison and the Long, Hot Summer of 1787” (Reading – Exploring Perspectives)

Video-based Geography Challenges kick off each unit by introducing students to a region and inspiring questions about the region.

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3 TCI’s Lessons Each lesson offers multiple approaches to learning. Whether teachers use the Classroom Activity, Video Activity, or Text with Notes, they’ll cover the same content.

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Timeline Challenge Each unit ends with a Timeline Challenge, an activity in which students practice their timeline and cause-and-effect skills to order major events from the unit.

Summative Assessments

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Each lesson and unit comes with a TCI-created summative assessment, which fully assesses student mastery of content and skills. The test is ready to take, but teachers can edit and customize the test to meet the needs of their classrooms.

4 Dive Deeper Each unit includes a variety of print and online resources to go in-depth with primary sources, literature, and high-interest readings directly related to the content.

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UNIT 1

F O U N D AT I O N S O F H I S T O R Y

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography is a useful tool

when studying history. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore a compelling question of your choosing. Then complete a

Student-Directed Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 1 Studying History Through Inquiry Find out how to become a historian by following the inquiry process.

Key Skills: Sequencing Events, Framing Questions to Research, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources

2 Key Themes in History Analyze images of various events in our nation’s history to hone in on the themes of U.S. history.

Key Skills: Comparing and Contrasting, Making Predictions, Drawing Sound Conclusions

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Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and to deepen your understanding of the content: • Explore – Library and Information Literacy Skills • Primary Source – Presidential Speeches Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history.

VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

Foundations of History

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UNIT 2

A M E R I C A B E F O R E A N D A F T E R C O L O N I Z AT I O N

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted the

colonization of the Americas. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore the unit’s compelling question: Did the benefits of European colonization outweigh the costs? Then complete a Structured Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 3 Indigenous Peoples of North America Hypothesize the geographic origins of Indigenous artifacts to explore how the first Americans adapted to their environments. Exploring the Social Sciences – Early Mississippian Civilization Key Skills: Map Skills, Making Predictions, Drawing Sound Conclusions

4 European Colonization in the Americas Examine images to discover how European nations explored and established settlements in the Americas. Investigating Primary Sources – Who Was Christopher Columbus? Key Skills: Sequencing Events, Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View, Recognizing the Role of Chance, Error, and Oversight in History

5 Comparing the English Colonies Analyze the similarities and differences between the English colonies in North America by visiting booths in a “Colonial Fair.” Exploring Perspectives – Four Stories from the Colonies Key Skills: Comparing and Contrasting, Selecting Useful Information, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources

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6 Life in the Colonies Become investigative journalists in the mid-1700s. Travel through the colonies to scrutinize claims made by the London Chronicle. Exploring Biographies – A Great Awakening Key Skills: Framing Questions to Research, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources, Analyzing Cause and Effect

Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and to deepen your understanding of the content: • Literature – “May their roads home be on a trail of peace” • Primary Source – Indigenous Women • Explore – Contact Between Indigenous and European Cultures Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history.

VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

America Before and After Colonization

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UNIT 3

R E VO L U T I O N I N T H E C O L O N I E S

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted the

American Revolution. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore the unit’s compelling question: Would you have joined the

revolution? Then complete a Guided Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 7 Toward Independence Take part in colonial meetings to decide whether or not to rebel against the British government.

Exploring Literature – “I Love the Story of Paul Revere, Whether He Rode or Not” Key Skills: Analyzing Cause and Effect, Drawing Sound Conclusions, Identifying Bias, Stereotyping, and Propaganda

8 The Declaration of Independence Review the Declaration of Independence and

then write an essay evaluating how well the United States has upheld the principles stated in the Declaration. Investigating Primary Sources – How Did Common Sense Create Tension in the Colonies? Key Skills: Sequencing Events, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources, Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View

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9 The American Revolution Play six rounds of Capture the Flag that are analogous to the course of the war for independence.

Exploring Biographies – George Washington: A Single-Minded Leader and a Complicated Man Key Skills: Recognizing the Role of Chance, Error, and Oversight in History; Selecting Useful Information; Comparing and Contrasting

Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and to deepen your understanding of the content: • Explore – Perspectives from the Revolutionary Home Front • Primary Source – Patrick Henry’s “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” (1775) Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history.

VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

Revolution in the Colonies

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UNIT 4

F O R M I N G A N E W N AT I O N

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted the first

13 states. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore the unit's compelling question: What can you do to make the

United States a "more perfect Union"? Then complete an Embedded Action Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 10 Creating the Constitution Participate in a constitutional convention to resolve issues for a new government.

Exploring Perspectives – James Madison and the Long, Hot Summer of 1787 Key Skills: Making Predictions, Conducting a Cost-Benefit Analysis, Identifying Frame of Reference, Point of View

11 The Constitution Become a law student who must pass a final exam in order to graduate, demonstrating your understanding of the Constitution.

Investigating Primary Sources – How Did State Constitutions Influence the U.S. Constitution? Key Skills: Selecting Useful Information, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources, Framing Questions to Research

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12 The Bill of Rights Play a game called Do They Have the Right? Read about Supreme Court cases and debate your ideas before learning what actually happened. Exploring Connections to Today – What Is Religious Freedom? Key Skills: Distinguishing Fact from Opinion, Making Predictions, Drawing Sound Conclusions

Unit Closer Studying Sources Deepen your understanding of the content using these sources: • Primary Source – The Articles of Confederation • Primary Source – Federalist and Anti-Federalist Writings Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history.

VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

Forming a New Nation

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UNIT 5

L AU N C H I N G T H E N E W R E P U B L I C

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted the

new republic and its growing population. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore a compelling question of your choosing. Then complete a

Student-Directed Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 13 Political Developments in the Early Republic Represent the perspective of

Alexander Hamilton or Thomas Jefferson. Debate key issues that divided Federalists and Democratic-Republicans. Investigating Primary Sources – How Did Conflicts Within Washington's Cabinet Affect American Politics? Key Skills: Comparing and Contrasting, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources, Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View

14 Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation Assume the roles of foreign policy advisers

to the president. Make recommendations on how to respond to four foreign policy dilemmas. Exploring Biographies – Tecumseh, the Shooting Star Key Skills: Analyzing Cause and Effect, Distinguishing Fact from Opinion, Conducting a Cost-Benefit Analysis

15 A Growing Sense of Nationhood Visit an art exhibit, a ball, and a literary gathering to explore what it meant to be an American in the early 1800s. Exploring Literature – A New Literature Celebrates a New Nation Key Skills: Making Predictions, Framing Questions to Research, Selecting Useful Information

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16 The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Analyze images relating to the presidency of Andrew Jackson to assess whether or not he promoted democracy. Exploring Perspectives – The Trail Where They Cried Key Skills: Sequencing Events, Drawing Sound Conclusions, Identifying Bias, Stereotyping, and Propaganda

Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and

to deepen your understanding of the content: • Primary Source – President George Washington’s Farewell Address (1796) • Primary Source – President James Monroe’s Monroe Doctrine from his Seventh Annual Address to Congress (1823) • Primary Source – Broken Promises: Treaties with Indigenous Groups Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history.

VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

Launching the New Republic

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UNIT 6

A N E X PA N D I N G N AT I O N

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted the

expansion of the United States in the 1800s. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore the unit’s compelling question: Was moving west worth it?

Then complete a Structured Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 17 Manifest Destiny and the Growing Nation Evaluate important events of U.S. expansion and then decide whether the nation’s actions were justifiable. Investigating Primary Sources – What Inspired Americans to Move West? Key Skills: Creating a Timeline, Analyzing Cause and Effect, Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View

18 Life in the West Create a documentary about a group of people that moved to the West in the 1800s.

Exploring Perspectives – Gold Rush Pioneers Key Skills: Making Predictions, Framing Questions to Research, Selecting Useful Information

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19 Mexicano Contributions to the Southwest Discover a variety of Mexicano contributions to the Southwest and how those contributions have influenced life in the United States. Exploring Connections to Today – Mexicano Culture Today Key Skills: Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources, Identifying Bias, Stereotyping, and Propaganda, Drawing Sound Conclusions

Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and to deepen your understanding of the content: • Primary Source – Comparing Perspectives on the Mexican-American War • Explore – Women and Gender Roles in the Frontier West Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history. VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

An Expanding Nation

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UNIT 7

AMERICANS IN THE MID-180 0S

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted the

movement to abolish slavery in the 1800s. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore the unit’s compelling question: How can you make a

difference? Then complete an Embedded Action Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 20 An Era of Reform Examine three excerpts from the Declaration of Sentiments and debate the extent to which women have achieved equal rights today.

Investigating Primary Sources – What Were the Priorities for Education in the 19th Century? Key Skills: Selecting Useful Information, Identifying Bias, Stereotyping, and Propaganda, Drawing Sound Conclusions

21 The Worlds of North and South Examine images depicting the different ways of life in the North and the South in the mid-1800s. Exploring Perspectives – The Mill Girls of Lowell Key Skills: Comparing and Contrasting, Analyzing Cause and Effect, Distinguishing Fact from Opinion

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22 African Americans in the Mid-1800s Match quotations and images describing how African Americans faced slavery in the mid-1800s.

Exploring Biographies – Harriet Tubman, Moses of the Underground Railroad Key Skills: Framing Questions to Research, Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources

Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and to deepen your understanding of the content: • Primary Source – ‘‘The Declaration of Sentiments” Adopted by the Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York (1848) • Primary Source – The Enslaved Community and Family Structure Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history. VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

Americans in the Mid-1800s

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UNIT 8

THE UNION CHALLENGED

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted the Civil

War. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore the unit’s compelling question: Did the institution of slavery

make the Civil War inevitable? Then complete a Guided Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 23 A Dividing Nation Analyze maps and images to understand how tensions developed between the North and the South in the mid-1800s.

Investigating Primary Sources – How Did Slavery Create Tension Among the States Prior to the Civil War? Key Skills: Map Skills, Comparing and Contrasting, Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View

24 The Civil War Use primary sources to experience different aspects of the Civil War. Exploring Perspectives – A House Divided Key Skills: Making Predictions, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources, Drawing Sound Conclusions

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25 The Reconstruction Era Analyze images to evaluate how close African Americans came to full citizenship during Reconstruction.

Exploring Perspectives – The Long Road to Equal Rights Key Skills: Sequencing Events, Selecting Useful Information, Interpreting Political Cartoons

Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and to deepen your understanding of the content: • Primary Source – Frederick Douglass’s Lecture to the Rochester Ladies’ Anti-Slavery Society (1855) • Primary Source – Historical Documents of Lincoln’s Presidency • Primary Source – The Gettysburg Address (1863) Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history. VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

The Union Challenged

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UNIT 9

M I G R AT I O N A N D I N D U S T R Y

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted population and industry growth. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore the unit’s compelling question: How can we use the past to improve the world today? Then complete an Embedded Action Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 26 Tensions in the West Work in groups of four to create a music video performance for a song about the Nez Perce.

Exploring Perspectives – Black Exodus Key Skills: Sequencing Events, Selecting Useful Information, Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View

27 The Rise of Industry Experience the working conditions of the early 1900s by taking on the role of workers on an assembly line.

Investigating Primary Sources – How Did Inventors Revolutionize Life in Industrial America? Key Skills: Making Predictions, Selecting Credible Sources: Secondary Sources, Drawing Sound Conclusions

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28 The Great Wave of Immigration Create a scrapbook illustrating what life was like for an immigrant at the turn of the 20th century.

Exploring Connections to Today – Young Immigrants Today Key Skills: Map Skills, Comparing and Contrasting, Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View

Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and to deepen your understanding of the content: • Explore – The Indigenous Fight for Civil Rights • Primary Source – Jacob Riis’s How the Other Half Lives • Primary Source – The Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history. VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

Migration and Industry

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U N I T 10

A M O D E R N N AT I O N E M E R G E S

Unit Opener Geography Challenge Watch a video to explore how geography impacted American expansion overseas. Then use the maps and reading to answer the Geography Challenge questions in your notebook.

Inquiry Project Explore a compelling question of your choosing. Then complete a

Student-Directed Inquiry. Gather evidence throughout the activities, reading, and additional research to write an argument that answers the question by the end of the unit.

Lessons 29 The Progressive Era Participate in a panel discussion to analyze and debate the perspectives of Progressive era leaders. Exploring Perspectives – Children at Work Key Skills: Identifying Frame of Reference and Point of View, Analyzing Cause and Effect, Making Predictions

30 The United States Becomes a World Power Analyze political cartoons about U.S. actions around the turn of the 20th century.

Investigating Primary Sources – How Did the Yellow Press Shape Journalism in the Late 1800s? Key Skills: Interpreting Political Cartoons, Distinguishing Fact from Opinion, Selecting Useful Information

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31 Linking Past to Present Play a game called Name That Event! to test your knowledge of events since 1914.

Exploring Connections to Today – Questions for the Future Key Skills: Creating a Timeline, Selecting Credible Sources: Primary Sources, Comparing and Contrasting

Unit Closer Studying Sources Use these readings as further sources for your Inquiry Project and to deepen your understanding of the content: • Primary Source – Booker T. Washington’s “The Atlanta Compromise” Speech (1895) • Biography – César Chávez: Working for Change Then look for additional sources online, including Explore, Primary Source, Literature, and Biography readings.

Timeline Challenge Review the key events from this unit by sequencing events on a timeline. Then add your own events that you consider to be important in history. VIDEOS ONLINE

www.teachtci.com

Sign in to access a video-based Geography Challenge and Video Activities that explain the main ideas of the text with meaningful visuals.

A Modern Nation Emerges

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