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Exploring Science Practices— Grade 2


Program Components Materials Kits

Online Resources

Ready-to-use Materials Kits are prepped and organized for you to seamlessly integrate into each lesson.

Ready-to-teach lesson presentations, simulations, complete student resources, customizable 3-Dimensional assessments, and more are at your fingertips.

Science Journals

Picture Cards Students analyze powerful images, graphs, data sets, and engaging primary sources printed on reusable placards. P I C T U R E

ade 2

ee units. Each unit has a Science Journal, complete with notes, and checks for understanding.

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U N I T 1 - P L A N T A N D A N I M A L S U R V I VA L

Grade 2

During Fast Track Lessons, students use the journal to access hands-on investigations, checks for understanding, and text with notes for each science unit.

Engineering

2 What Kinds of Land and Water are Found on Earth? 3 How do Maps Show Land and Water? Performance Assessment: Touring America’s Big Parks 4 How Does Earth’s Surface Change?

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

✔ ✔

✔ ✔

✔ ✔

Mosquitos are flying insects. They have mouth parts for eating water lily nectar and plant juices. The females suck blood from animals like muskrats and birds. They lay eggs in mud, puddles, or along the edges of a pond.

Mosquito

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L esson 8 - How Do Pla nt s a nd A n i ma ls Su r v ive i n t he Ocea n?

5 How do Earthquakes and Volcanoes Change the Land? 6 How do Wind and Water Change the Land?

Picture Cards

Ocean

Performance Assessment: Using Materials in Different Weather

6 What Happens When Materials Are Heated or Cooled?

U N I T 1 - P L A N T A N D A N I M A L S U R V I VA L

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7 How Can Problems Caused by Wind and Water be Solved?

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Charts and Graphs Charts and Graphs Diagrams Diagrams Photographs Photographs

Duckweeds are very small floating plants. Their tiny roots hang in the water. They do not need soil to grow. They need ducks, muskrats, and other small animals to move them to new places. Their sticky roots snag on the animal’s feet, fur, or feathers.

1 What is on Earth’s Surface?

5 What Happens When Materials are Mixed?

A

Deep

Materials be Re-used? 4 How Water becan Solved? Name:

Duckweed Water

2 How Are Liquids and Solids Different? 6 How do Wind and Water Change the 3 How Are Materials Used for Different PurLand? 7 Howposes? Can Problems Caused by Wind and

Performance Assessment: Protecting America’s Shorelines Unit 3 Earth’s Surface

Pools

2 What Kinds of Land and Water are Found on Earth?

5 How do Earthquakes and Volcanoes 1 Whatthe is Everything Made of? Change Land?

Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

Unit 2 Materials and Their Uses

Engineering

Tide

8 How do Plants and Animals Survive in the Ocean?

Science Journal

Coast

7 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Pond?

Land

Performance Assessment: Protecting America’s Shorelines

Plant and Animal Survival

6 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Desert?

Ocean Data Center A

1 What kinds of Living Things Are There? 2 What do Plants and Animals Need to Survive? 5 What Happens When Materials are 3 How do Plants and Animals Depend on Mixed? Each Other? 6 What Happens When Materials Are 4 Why do Plants and Animals Live in Some Heated or Cooled? Places and Not in Others? Performance Assessment: Using Materials 5 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a in Different Weather Rainforest?

poses? 7 How Can Problems Caused by Wind and Water Solved? can Materials be Re-used? 4 be How

4 How Does Earth’s Surface Change?

Unit 1

Unit 1 Plant and Animal Survival

Unit 2 Materials and Their Uses

Performance Assessment: Touring America’s Big Parks

Grade 2

Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

How Areand Liquids and Solids Different? 6 How 2do Wind Water Change the Land? 3 How Are Materials Used for Different Pur-

3 How do Maps Show Land and Water?

Materials and Their Uses

8 How do Plantswith andhands-on Animals investigations, Survive in the text with notes, and checks for understanding. Ocean?

5 How do Earthquakes and Volcanoes 1 What Everything Made of? Change theisLand?

1 What is on Earth’s Surface?

Grade 2

7 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Science Journal Pond? TCI’s Grade 2 program includes three units. Each unit has a Science Journal, complete

Where do ocean animals live?

6 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Desert?

Water

Unit 2

Unit 1 Plant and Animal Survival

1 What kinds of Living Things Are There?

Unit 3 Earth’s Surface

Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

2 What do Plants and Animals Need to Survive? 5 What Happens When Materials are 3 How do Plants and Animals Depend on Mixed? Each Other? 6 What Happens When Materials Are 4 Why do Plants and Animals Live in Some Heated or Cooled? Places and Not in Others? Performance Assessment: Using Materials 5 How Weather do Plants and Animals Survive in a in Different Rainforest?

C A R D

P I C T U R E

Grade 2

8 How do Plants and Survive in the withAnimals hands-on investigations, text with notes, and checks for understanding. Ocean?

Open

Earth’s Surface

Grade 2 7 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Science Journal Pond? TCI’s Grade 2 program includes three units. Each unit has a Science Journal, complete

Unit 3 6 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Desert?

Name:

Performance Assessment: Protecting America’s Shorelines © Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Engineering

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L esson 7 - How Do Pla nts a nd A ni ma ls Su r v ive i n a Pond?

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12/19/19 2:33 PM

Resources available in Spanish


Bring Science Alive! Exploring Science Practices Grade 2 Unit 1 - Plant and Animal Survival Anchoring Phenomenon: One strawberry plant grew berries. One wilted. Storyline: Let’s figure out what plants need to live. You’ll use what you know to plant your own garden.

1 What Kinds of Living Things Are There? Phenomenon: Living things aren’t at just the top of a pond.

2 What Do Animals and Plants Need to Survive? Phenomenon: A plant’s wilted leaves lift.

3 How Do Plants and Animals Depend on Each Other?

Phenomenon: A beetle comes to a flower to eat nectar. Then it leaves with something stuck to its body.

4 Why Do Plants and Animals Live in Some Places and Not Others? Phenomenon: Penguins move around in ways other than flying.

5 How Do Plants and Animals Survive in a Rainforest? Phenomenon: Toucans can reach food high in the treetops.

6 How Do Plants and Animals Survive in a Desert? Phenomenon: A desert tortoise rarely drinks water.

7 How Do Plants and Animals Survive in a Pond? Phenomenon: Even great blue herons go fishing.

8 How Do Plants and Animals Survive in the Ocean? Phenomenon: An octopus changes color and uses objects around it to hide.

Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School Anchoring Phenomenon: One strawberry plant grew berries. One wilted.

Unit 2 - Materials and Their Uses Anchoring Phenomenon: Sometimes ponds are filled with water. Other times they are icy. Storyline: Do you like playing outside? If you go out when it’s cold, you might see a frozen pond or frost on leaves. If it’s rainy, you might bring an umbrella to keep you dry. Let’s find out how different weather can affect materials!

1 What Is Everything Made Of?

Phenomenon: This green stuff is slimy and gooey.

2 How Are Liquids and Solids Different?

Phenomenon: Ice cannot fit in the glass. But it can fit after it melts.

3 How Are Materials Used for Different Purposes? Phenomenon: Bridges can be made from many different materials.

4 How Can Materials Be Reused?

Phenomenon: Toy blocks can be rearranged to make many different shapes.

5 What Happens When Materials Are Mixed?

Phenomenon: Adding food coloring to icing makes a colorful treat!

6 What Happens When Materials Are Heated or Cooled? Phenomenon: Ice cream melts on a hot day.

Performance Assessment: Using Materials in Different Weather Anchoring Phenomenon: Sometimes ponds are filled with water. Other times they are icy.


Unit 3 - Earth’s Surface Anchoring Phenomenon: Earth’s land has many different shapes. Storyline: Let’s go on a tour of America’s national parks! Explore Earth’s surface and how it changes. Then you’ll use what you learned to make a model of a park and find out ways to protect a park beach.

1 What Is on Earth’s Surface?

Phenomenon: Earth is covered mostly by water.

2 What Kinds of Land and Water Are Found on Earth? Phenomenon: There are many different kinds of land and water on Earth.

3 How Do Maps Show Land and Water?

Phenomenon: Maps can show the types of land and water in a place.

Performance Assessment: Touring America’s Big Parks Anchoring Phenomenon: Earth’s land has many different shapes.

4 How Does Earth’s Surface Change?

Phenomenon: The water in this river is sometimes clear and sometimes muddy.

5 How Do Earthquakes and Volcanoes Change the Land? Phenomenon: Volcanoes can change the land.

6 How Do Wind and Water Change the Land? Phenomenon: The wind is changing this beach.

7 How Can Problems Caused by Wind and Water Be Solved? Phenomenon: Landslides can block roads and cause other damage.

Performance Assessment: Protecting America’s Shorelines Anchoring Phenomenon: Earth’s land has many different shapes.




Grade 2 TCI’s Grade 2 program includes three units. Each unit has a Science Journal, complete with hands-on investigations, text with notes, and checks for understanding.

Unit 1

Unit 1 Plant and Animal Survival 1 What kinds of Living Things Are There? 2 What do Plants and Animals Need to Survive? 3 How do Plants and Animals Depend on Each Other? 4 Why do Plants and Animals Live in Some Places and Not in Others? 5 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Rainforest?

Grade 2

6 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Desert? 7 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Pond?

Plant and Animal Survival Science Journal Sample

8 How do Plants and Animals Survive in the Ocean? Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

Unit 2 Materials and Their Uses 1 What is Everything Made of? 2 How Are Liquids and Solids Different? 3 How Are Materials Used for Different Purposes? 4 How can Materials be Re-used?

5 What Happens When Materials are Mixed? 6 What Happens When Materials Are Heated or Cooled? Performance Assessment: Using Materials in Different Weather

Unit 3 Earth’s Surface 1 What is on Earth’s Surface? 2 What Kinds of Land and Water are Found on Earth? 3 How do Maps Show Land and Water? Performance Assessment: Touring America’s Big Parks 4 How Does Earth’s Surface Change?

5 How do Earthquakes and Volcanoes Change the Land? 6 How do Wind and Water Change the Land? 7 How Can Problems Caused by Wind and Water be Solved? Performance Assessment: Protecting America’s Shorelines Engineering

Name:


Grade 2 Bring Science Alive!

Unit 1

Plant and Animal Survival Let’s figure out what plants need to live. You’ll use what you know to plant your own garden.

1 What kinds of Living Things Are There?..................................6 2 What do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?.................24 3 How do Plants and Animals Depend on Each Other?

.................................................................40

4 Why do Plants and Animals Live in Some Places and Not in Others?.................................................58

5 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Rainforest?...........................................................................78

6 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Desert?..............94 7 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Pond?.............. 110 8 How do Plants and Animals Survive in the Ocean?........ 126 Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School.................................................................. 142 Engineering

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Anchoring Phenomenon

Think about this unit’s Anchoring Phenomenon: One strawberry plant grew berries. One wilted. Complete the chart. • List what you know about this unit’s phenomenon. • Write questions you wonder about this phenomenon. Know

Wonder

3


Unit Checkpoints As you complete each lesson, look for this icon

and return to

record what you’ve learned in the lesson. Lesson

What I Learned

1 What kinds of Living Things Are There? 2 What do Plants and Animals Need to Survive? 3 How do Plants and Animals Depend on Each Other? 4 Why do Plants and Animals Live in Some Places and Not in Others? 5 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Rainforest? 6 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Desert? 7 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Pond? 8 How do Plants and Animals Survive in the Ocean?

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Unit 1 Plant and Animal Survival

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


Using what you’ve learned, explain the unit’s Anchoring Phenomenon: One strawberry plant grew berries. One wilted.

Claim

Evidence

Reasoning

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Unit 1 Plant and Animal Survival

5


Lesson 2

What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

Š Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


INVESTIGATION

Observing Phenomena Discuss: Have you ever seen a wilted plant? What do you think causes this?

Observe this phenomenon: This plant’s wilted leaves lifted.

See It!

Look at a plant. What do its leaves look like? Are they droopy or lifted? What do other parts of the plant look like?

Think of what you already know about wilted plants. Write questions you have.

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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INVESTIGATION

Animals need air, water, and food to survive. Plants use air, water, and sunlight to make food. Without water and sunlight, plants will die. Marigold Experiments Look at these two plants. Talk with your class: • Which plant is healthy? How do you know? • How do you know when a plant is not growing or is not healthy? What will it look like? What do plants need to survive? Let’s investigate!

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Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


INVESTIGATION

Planning Your Investigation You will investigate what plants need to survive. In your group, choose one plant need, either water or sunlight. • I f you are investigating sunlight, you will give one of your plants light. Your other plant will not get any light. • If you are investigating water, you will give one of your plants water. The other plant will not get any water.

Then, complete the chart on the next page according to your investigation question.

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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INVESTIGATION

Complete the chart. Put a ✔ by each true statement. Marigold Experiment Science Question

Do plants need

to survive?

Investigation Plan

The two plants are the same kind of plant. The two plants are about the same size. Both plants are in the same-size cup. Both plants have the same kind of soil. We will give both plants the same amount of water. We will give both plants the same amount of sunlight. Only one plant will get water. Only one plant will get sunlight.

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Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


INVESTIGATION

Carrying Out Your Investigation Follow the plan on your planning sheet. Use crayons or markers to label your plants.

Sunlight Investigators: • Cover one plant with a paper bag. • Use the spray bottle to water your plants each day. Be sure to put the paper bag cover back on the correct plant after you water it. Water Investigators: • Use the spray bottle to water one plant. Make sure you water the same plant each day. • Do not water the other plant.

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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INVESTIGATION

Fill in the chart. Draw pictures or write words to record your observations. Observations Plant with

Plant without

Day 1

Last Day

30

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


INVESTIGATION

Vocabulary Circle the plant which best matches the term survive.

My Science Concepts Reflect on your understanding. Draw an X along each line. Animals need air, water, and food to survive. still learning

know it

Plants use air, water, and sunlight to make food. Without water and sunlight, plants will die. still learning

know it

In the investigation, the plants without water or light wilted or died. They died because they did not get enough water or light. still learning

Š Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

know it

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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TEXT WITH

NOTES

1. Animal Needs Have you ever tried to hold your breath? You cannot hold it for very long because you need air. Animals need air to survive. To survive means to stay alive. If animals do not get air, they die. Many animals breathe air into their lungs. Fish take in air through their gills. Animals need water, too. Many animals get water by drinking it. The water may be in a stream or a pond. It might be drops of water on a leaf. Some animals get water from plants they eat. Some animals need a lot of water. Other animals do not need as much water. Animals need food to survive.

This mountain goat gets food by eating grass plants.

Animals get their food by eating plants or other animals. Mountain goats eat grass. Killer whales hunt other animals. Foxes eat berries and crickets. Some animals need a lot of food. Others do not need as much food. 32

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

Š Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


TEXT WITH

NOTES

Read Marco’s statements. Do you agree or disagree? Tell why.

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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TEXT WITH

NOTES

2. Plant Needs Animals need air, water, and food to survive. Do plants need the same things to survive? Like animals, plants cannot survive without air. Plants get air through tiny openings in their leaves. Plants need water, too. But plants do not drink water like animals do. Many plants take in water through their

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roots. The water flows up through the

Plants need air, water,

plant stem to the leaves.

and sunlight to survive.

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

Š Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


TEXT WITH

NOTES

Animals eat food to survive, but plants make their own food. Green plants use air, water, and sunlight to make food in their leaves. Plants need just the right amount of water and sunlight to stay healthy and green. If they get too much sunlight or too much water, they may not survive. If they get too little sunlight or too little

This plant has wilted

water, they become weak. They may

because it did not get

wilt and die.

enough water.

Š Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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TEXT WITH

NOTES

Circle the words that tell what all plants need to grow.

pinwheel

air

sandwich

water

butterfly

sunlight

Tell why a plant needs these things to grow. Write a sentence.

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Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

Š Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


CHECK

FOR

UNDERSTANDING

Show What You Know Fill in the Venn diagram. Use words from the Word Bank. Word Bank

water

air

food

Plant Needs

sunlight Animal Needs

Both

Why are the needs different? Explain. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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CHECK

FOR

UNDERSTANDING

Making Sense of the Phenomenon Let’s revisit the phenomenon: This plant’s wilted leaves lifted. Think about: • Why might a plant’s leaves wilt? • What did this plant need?

Use your findings from the investigation to answer this question: What do living things need to survive? Claim Evidence

Reasoning

Go back to page 4 and fill out the unit checkpoint for this lesson. 38

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


NOTES

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Lesson 2 What Do Plants and Animals Need to Survive?

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Performance Assessment:

Plan a Food Garden for Your School What if you could grow your own fruits and vegetables? Use what you know to plan your own food garden. You will: • observe living things in nearby habitats. • investigate what plants need to live. • plan a food garden for your school.

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Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT

Planning a Food Garden Make a plan. Talk about these things.

• Where can you plant your garden?

• What food plants can you grow?

• How much sunlight and water will your plants need?

• Who will care for the garden? What jobs will people have?

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

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PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT

Show what you want your garden to look like. Draw and label the plants you will use. Write a sentence about your garden.

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Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute


NOTES

© Teachers’ Curriculum Institute

Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

145


Grade 2 TCI’s Grade 2 program includes three units. Each unit has a Science Journal, complete with hands-on investigations, text with notes, and checks for understanding.

Unit 1

Unit 1 Plant and Animal Survival 1 What kinds of Living Things Are There? 2 What do Plants and Animals Need to Survive? 3 How do Plants and Animals Depend on Each Other? 4 Why do Plants and Animals Live in Some Places and Not in Others? 5 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Rainforest?

Grade 2

6 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Desert? 7 How do Plants and Animals Survive in a Pond?

Plant and Animal Survival Science Journal Sample

8 How do Plants and Animals Survive in the Ocean? Performance Assessment: Plan a Food Garden for Your School

Unit 2 Materials and Their Uses 1 What is Everything Made of? 2 How Are Liquids and Solids Different? 3 How Are Materials Used for Different Purposes? 4 How can Materials be Re-used?

5 What Happens When Materials are Mixed? 6 What Happens When Materials Are Heated or Cooled? Performance Assessment: Using Materials in Different Weather

Unit 3 Earth’s Surface 1 What is on Earth’s Surface? 2 What Kinds of Land and Water are Found on Earth? 3 How do Maps Show Land and Water? Performance Assessment: Touring America’s Big Parks 4 How Does Earth’s Surface Change?

5 How do Earthquakes and Volcanoes Change the Land? 6 How do Wind and Water Change the Land? 7 How Can Problems Caused by Wind and Water be Solved? Performance Assessment: Protecting America’s Shorelines Engineering

Name: