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The Thirteen Colonies English Settlements In North America

English Claims in 1713

Thirteen Colonies  New England, Middle, and Southern colonies

The Puritan Separatists

The New England Colonies  How did religion affect the settlement of the New England colonies?  The Puritans:  Religious group who felt Protestant Church of England was too close to Roman Catholic Church  Separatists - Puritan rivals of the official church who wanted to break away  William Bradford - one of the leaders of the Separatists

The Separatists  Treated harshly in England, so fled the country  Some relocated to The Netherlands  Permission from London Company to sail to Virginia  In 1620, about 100 pilgrims sailed on M ayflower  Pilgrim - a person who makes a journey for religious reasons A may flower:

Pilgrims’ Arrival in North America  Landed in New England, yet only had permission to settle in Virginia  Laws and rules of charter only applied to Virginia  Made the Mayflower Compact − Compact = a written agreement − Agreed to make “just and equal laws” and abide by them  Basis for self-government in New England

Yes, Thanksgiving….  How did the experience in Plymouth compare to Jamestown?  Starving in winter  Help from Squanto - plant corn, where to fish, how to hunt  Invited Wampanoag tribe and their leader Massasoit to feast of “thanksgiving”

“Of Plymouth Plantation,” by William Bradford

The Plymouth Colony ďƒ˜ The beginnings of the English settlements in New England


The Thirteen Colonists & Puritan Separatists  

The New England colonies emphasized self-government and religion.

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