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The Republican Presidencies ~ Madison and Monroe: conflict at home and abroad


Review: ď ˇ What happened when control of the government switched from the Federalist Party to the Republican Party?

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Thomas Jefferson as President


How did James Madison lead the nation internationally?  What kind of a president would Madison be?  The War Of 1812 – – Concern over merchant ships attacked by France and England,

who were at war and did not want U.S. supplying the other side – Concern over Native American attacks in the west, potentially supplied by the British – Congressional “war hawks” wanted new territory in the west – Congress declared war on Great Britain

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Dolley Madison

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Francis Scott Key

Writing “The Star Spangled Banner” after the Battle of Fort McHenry


The War Of 1812


Fighting The War Of 1812     

War was fought on land and in the oceans U.S. attacked Canada to force out British British attacked major ports in East War ended with the Treaty of Ghent No clear victory for either side, but the U.S. did resolve reasons for going to war: – Gained respect, trade, and peace in West – Gave citizens a sense of nationalism feeling of pride and loyalty to one’s nation General Andrew Jackson at QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.

the Battle of New Orleans


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The War Of 1812


Question:  Why did the Federalist party lose influence in the United States government?

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James Madison

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James Monroe


How did James Monroe resolve conflicts during his presidency?  The Missouri Compromise – – Debate over slavery in new states – 5 new states before War (Vt, Ky, Ohio, Tenn, La) – 4 new states between 1812-19 (Ind, Miss, Ill, Alabama) – Out of 22 states, 11 were slave states and 11 were free

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The Missouri Compromise  When Missouri applied for statehood, debate arose over whether it should be a free state or a slave state  Free states had more population and thus more reps. in the House, but even in Senate  Missouri wanted to be a slave state, but northerners would only admit it if free  Southerners said Congress had no power to make decision  Decision would upset the balance of power in Congress QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.


The Missouri Compromise     

Compromise proposed by Henry Clay in 1820 Maine admitted as a free state Missouri admitted as a slave state Line drawn through Louisiana Territory at Latitude 36˚ 30’ South of line would be slave states, north of line would be free states (except for Missouri)

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The Monroe Doctrine  Recently gained Florida from Spain  Worried about Russian claims on the west coast  Declared the Americas were no longer open for colonization by European powers  Monroe warned Europe not to interfere with Latin America  Would be seen as dangerous to U.S. peace and safety  Stated that the U.S. would stay out of affairs of European nations QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.


The United States In 1820

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Madison and Monroe