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The American Revolution Ending The War


Leadership of  Continental Army • George Washington – known  for his bond with his soldiers  and defense of them • Marquis de Lafayette –  French general who led  American forces • Baron Friedrich von Steuben  – Prussian officer, taught skills  at Valley Forge


How did British strategy change after  France entered the war? • The patriots earn small victories: – George Rogers Clark ­ frontier militia  leader who attacked British in West – John Paul Jones ­ captain in  the small Continental navy Bonhomme Richard vs. Serapis

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• The war moves South: – French navy is a threat to the British,  so the British change their strategy – Try to gain a foothold in the South to protect  the West Indies and still fight in the North


How were the British defeated? • The British win early victories in the South – Capture Georgia and Savannah – General Henry Clinton takes over Charleston Clinton – Leaves General Charles Cornwallis to conquer the  Cornwallis Carolinas

• Cornwallis has difficulty defeating the patriots  inland – Guerillas (meaning “little war”)  Guerillas resist him through ambushes  and hit­and­run attacks – The traitor Benedict Arnold  Arnold fights with the British against  Lafayette

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The Battle of Yorktown • Cornwallis and Arnold push Lafayette  to Virginia, expecting the British fleet  at Yorktown • French navy blocks entrance to  Chesapeake Bay • Washington’s forces meet  Lafayette and attack Cornwallis  by land • Surrounded and outnumbered,  Cornwallis surrenders on  October 19, 1781 – Lord North, head of the British  government: “It is all over!”

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The Treaty Of Paris • Treaty with Britain signed  on Sept. 3, 1783

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– Britain agrees to recognize the  colonies as independent states – America gains territory from  Great Lakes to Florida, and  from App. Mts. To Miss. R. – Florida is returned to Spain – Congress promises to return  Loyalist property and let British  merchants collect debts

• “The Great Experiment” ­  The Great Experiment a representative government  based on law and ideals

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The Battle  of Yorktown QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.

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The Battle of Yorktown

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The Battle of Yorktown

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The Roots Of Democracy  What did the victory in the Revolutionary War mean for the new nation’s government?

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Ending The War  

As the war moved south, key strategic decisions led to Cornwallis' surrender at the Battle of Yorktown.