The French, English, And Dutch Plant Colonies
The Challenge To Spain
I. The Value Of Colonies a.
Spain is wealthy through control of Mexico, S. America, & Caribbean
Other nations want to share wealth
I. Value Of Colonies (cont.) Mercantilism
Theory that a nation can increase wealth and power by controlling trade with other nations
I. Value Of Colonies (cont.) Balance of trade
Difference between value of goods sold to other nations and goods bought from other nations
I. Value Of Colonies (cont.) Spanish created an empire
Produced tobacco, cocoa, and sugar ii. Produced gold and silver iii. One-fifth (20%) of treasure belonged to King Philip II
What made colonies in the New World valuable? •
3 ways a country gains wealth: 1. Gain new goods to trade 2. Gain goods normally would have bought from other nations 3. Gain a new market (customers) for goods
Reason #3 is the most profitable, and the most cause of unrest among colonies
Does not create loyalty or stability
II. The Crusade of Philip II a. b.
Used wealth from colonies to strengthen army Crusaders fighting for religion i. Catholics v. Protestants ii. Spain v. England
Spain = Catholic England = Protestant
III. Spainâ€™s Empire Under Attack a.
France = Catholic
i. Protestant Huguenots settled on coast of Florida (in 1564) ii. Seek a refuge (a safe place) to practice religion iii. Also a base to attack Spain, but destroyed one year later
III. Spainâ€™s Empire Under Attack b.
The Netherlands = Protestant
Rebelled from Spanish rule and created new Protestant country
Privateers (privately owned warships sailing with gov. permission) raided Spanish ports and ships
III. Spainâ€™s Empire Under Attack c.
English i. Sea raiders in Caribbean: Sir Francis Drake ii. Queen Elizabeth aided Dutch rebels in stealing Spanish gold
IV. Sir Francis Drake a. b. c.
Gained treasure from S. America and Calif. Second person to sail around world Knighted by Elizabeth, instead of hanged as Philip II wanted
V. The Spanish Armada
Spainâ€™s desire to conquer England i. Religion ii. Aid to Dutch iii. Attacks on ships
V. The Spanish Armada Spent two years building enormous invading force: the Spanish Armada
In 1588, 130 ships, 30,000 soldiers
V. The Spanish Armada c.
Failed to conquer England
Smaller English ships
Set ships of gunpowder on fire
Destroyed by storm on retreat
Maps Of The Battles
Question: ď ś Why
were the French, Dutch, and English more eager to establish colonies after the destruction of the Spanish Armada?