Page 1

recyclinG PRODUCT news

no time for downtime PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270

new Drainage and lift system right mix for ontario auto recycler page 24

raising standards at the mrf page 45 From C&D to singlestream page 48 January/February May/June 2018 2018









Experience the Progress.

Material handling equipment Maximum efficiency through progressive technology Sophisticated machine concept for maximum productivity Quality components manufactured by Liebherr Ergonomic workspace for consistent high performance

Liebherr-Canada Ltd. 1015 Sutton Drive, Burlington, Ontario L7L 5Z8 Phone: +1 905 319 9222 E-mail: info.lca@liebherr.com www.facebook.com/LiebherrConstruction www.liebherr.ca

Rain or shine. We grind.

Mack’s got your back. From top to bottom, the Mack® LR is built tough to help you and your team power through the daily grind of refuse work. And when you run with Mack, our dedicated dealers and service professionals stand by your side, from first purchase through years of operation. Route after route, year after year. Mack’s got your back. Visit MackTrucks.com/LR

Contents May/June 2018 | Volume 26, Number 4

features 24 Cover story no time for downtime

Nicklin Auto Parts & Recyclers finds the right mix with SEDA drainage system and Girolifts

32 Safeset coupling solution for City Scrap & Salvage Torque overload protection

45 raising the standards Tightening purity targets have

56 cartons in the mix Recovered Polycoated carton

48 from C&D to Single-stream Calgary’s ECCO Recycling has

61 making safety part of the scrap business

the recycling industry searching for new markets and innovative equipment solutions

successfully integrated commercial single-stream processing into their existing C&D MRF footprint

prices have been up and down since Grade #52 was introduced – and their future looks bright

Our Last Word by Tony Smith, ISRI

system from Voith key in preventing catastrophic failure of shredder driveline

34 finding a balance in scrap Quebec-based SMR is

maintaining continuous growth through investment

38 Yes in my backyard The recycling industry has


an opportunity to reset objectives and get back to basics on plastics recycling

On the cover: Bob Vanleeuwen and Denis Krajcar at Nicklin Auto Parts & Recyclers in Guelph.




Cover Story May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com



recycling product news

May/June 2018 volume 26, number Editor Keith Barker kbarker@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 associate Editor Lee Toop ltoop@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 Editorial director Lawrence Buser lbuser@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 310 associate publisher Sam Esmaili sam@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext.110 account manager Justin Barone jbarone@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 115


account manager David Gilmour dgilmour@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 advertising production manager Tina Anderson production@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 design & production Morena Zanotto morena@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 320 Circulation baumpublications@circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 vice president / publisher Ken Singer ksinger@baumpub.com vice president / controller Melvin Date-Chong mdatechong@baumpub.com president Engelbert J. Baum ebaum@baumpub.com

40 departments 10 Upfront 16 spotlighT 24 Cover story 30 Auto Recycling 34 scrap yard equipment


& operations 37 plastics recycling 40 MRF systems & components 48 C&D Recycling 52 Equipment focus: shredders 56 commodity focus: Paper 61 lAST WORD

6 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 www.baumpub.com Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906 Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in ­Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e­ xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2018, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@ circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.

from the editor

blue sky on the horizon – time for a shift


We must fundamentally

shift how we speak to the public, how we collect and process our recyclables, and what our end markets accept and utilize to truly recycle.” (NRC) National Recycling Coalition

he latest iteration of the scrap import restriction policies out of China, announced in March by China’s Customs Authority, is called “Blue Sky 2018.” Running for a 10-month period to the end of 2018, Blue Sky, in the words of the Chinese government, imposes “special actions against foreign garbage smuggling.” These latest regulations are meant to help clean up China’s environment, while limiting the import of scrap materials in an effort to turn consumption towards domestically generated scrap. For example, recovered cardboard exported to China has been set at a maximum of 0.5 percent of contaminants, while mixed paper and plastics are prohibited from entering the country entirely. And from May 4, for a period of one month, all U.S. scrap exports to China were halted. Since the start of the year, banned materials have been added, inspections at ports and at facilities in China have been intensified to make sure contamination levels are meeting standards, ships carrying exported scrap have been turned away, exporters around the globe are hesitant to send loads even when they do “technically” meet China’s standards, and uncertainty abounds on all sides with respect to the precise details of the regulations. In April, at the ISRI and Waste Expo 2018 conventions, there was much discussion on this topic. At ISRI, where the primary focus is scrap metal recycling, as well as paper, plastics, e-waste, tires and other “scrap” materials, the mood was overwhelmingly positive. The metals side of the industry has clearly not been affected to the same degree as the segment of the industry that is collecting and processing household solid waste, consisting primarily of paper and plastics. Fibre, including Mixed Paper and higher grades, is where

the loss of China as an end market has hit hardest thus far. So far, it seems the companies most affected are those which collect curbside paper and plastics – especially those companies which then sort, recycle and broker recovered fibre materials. In the words of Leonard Zeid, ISRI’s vice president of the Paper Stock Industries (PSI) chapter, who spoke at this year’s convention, “The sea of change occurring in the paper recycling industry has many of us uncertain how our industry will look in the future. Policy changes that affect trade and international markets have created ripple effects . . . The coming two years are likely to bring a considerable number of challenges to our businesses and increased focus on quality.” Zeid continued, “I believe through the PSI board and our general membership’s range and depth of individual experiences and networks, and the resources each company brings with them, that PSI has the tools to confront these challenges with viable solutions.” According to a May press release issued by the NRC (National Recycling Coalition) based out of Colorado, “China’s recent embargo of recycling imports is shining a mirror on our recycling industry and providing a clear signal that we can no longer pretend diversion of waste into a recycling bin is recycling. “We cannot continue to act and behave as if business as usual will offer a solution to today’s issues. We must fundamentally shift how we speak to the public, how we collect and process our recyclables, and what our end markets accept and utilize to truly recycle.” C








Keith Barker, Editor kbarker@baumpub.com 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 FOLLOW US @recyclingpn

Canadian Association of Recycling Industries

8 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

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UPFRONT Electromobility

Mack Trucks to have fully e in New York City pilot Mack Trucks plans to have a fully electric Mack LR refuse model equipped with an integrated Mack electric drivetrain operating in North America in 2019. At Waste Expo 2018 in April, Mack announced the pilot with the New York City Department of Sanitation (DSNY), one of Mack’s largest customers, where they will test the demonstration vehicle in its highly demanding operations. According to Mack, at this stage of electromobility technology and infrastructure development, a fully electric vehicle will deliver the most value within a closed loop application, in which the truck returns home every night, such as refuse and recyclables collection. Benefits of fully electric trucks include zero emissions, significantly reduced noise and environmental sustainability. The

Rubble Master acquires screen manufacturer Maximus This spring, Rubble Master (RM) announced their takeover of Northern Ireland-based screen manufacturer Maximus. Founded in 2004 and employing 120 people, Rubble Master says Maximus complements their existing range of products. For customers and dealers, this means a full line of crushing, recycling and screening products is now available with RM reliable, lifetime support as well as complete parts and service support. “This investment allows us to improve our product offering globally, and specifically for the US and Canadian markets,” said Gerald Hanisch, president and owner of Rubble Master. Initial results of the new joint engineering and production capacities include the all-new RM HS3500M and RM HS5000M compact tracked scalping screens, which allow contractors to process a multitude of materials such as excavated C&D waste, asphalt slabs and millings, topsoil, mulch and gravel. 10 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

MRF Update

CP Group to provide advanced MRF and front -e CP Group, based in San Diego, will install an advanced material recovery facility and front-end system for Fiberight’s state-of-the-art waste processing facility, located in Hampden, Maine. The existing facility is a fully functioning commercial application of Fiberight’s proprietary technology that upgrades MSW into refined energy and industrial products. A 144,000-square-foot building is under construction (shown) and is scheduled to begin receiving equipment this summer. The material recovery facility will start up by fall 2018, with upgrading processes commissioned shortly thereafter. Fiberight has been working with the Municipal Review Committee (MRC) of Maine since 2013. In February 2015, the MRC approved a development agreement with Fiberight to process 180,000 tons per year of MSW from 83 municipalities and public entities pursuant to a 15-year contract. In January 2018, Fiberight announced the completion of $70 million in project financing for the plant. The Fiberight facility will feature the latest generation of machinery and technology from the CP Group to recover recyclable commodities and prepare residual waste for further processing on-site. Fiberight anticipates landfill diversion of up to 80 percent, including recovery of metal, plastic, OCC and other commodities for beneficial reuse or recycling. Other commodities to be recovered include contaminated cellulose, food waste and other organic materials that may be converted into biomass, sugars, market pulp and biogas.

More Industry News RecyclingProductNews.com

Food Waste

y electric waste collection vehicle operating in 2019, ability to operate quietly at night will also be particularly attractive to refuse customers in urban areas. “It’s clear that electromobility will be a part of the trucking industry’s future, and Mack is well positioned to offer integrated, fully electric solutions for the North American market,” said Jonathan Randall, senior vice president of sales and marketing for Mack Trucks North America. “DSNY is one of Mack’s largest customers, and the department is known for its progressive sustainability efforts. We look forward to working with them as we test the first fully electric LR model in a real-world application.” “The New York City DSNY looks forward to extending our longstanding partnership with Mack Trucks

through the testing of the electric LR,” said Rocky DiRico, New York City DSNY deputy commissioner, and one of the speakers at Mack’s Waste Expo press conference. “Sustainability is extremely important to the DSNY, and we consistently test new technology to help New York City reach its goal of 80 percent reduced emissions by 2050.” At this year’s Waste Expo event, Mack also announced that their partnership with Lytx now enables them to offer collection vehicles wired for the Lytx DriveCam safety program and Video Services safety and monitoring system. Mack also introduced new features for their proven LR refuse model designed to help enhance safety, improve driver productivity and expand specifying options for customers.

t -end system for Fiberight waste processing facility Terry Schneider, CEO and President of CP Group, said “We are very honoured to be a part of this groundbreaking technological advancement with the Fiberight team. Their forward-thinking approach could change the way the industry processes waste, particularly fibre. We look forward to beginning installation and getting this facility into operation.” The Hampden facility features a CP Trommel Screen with bag-opening knives, a steel-disc CP OCCScreen, an anti-wrapping CP Auger Screen used to size material, two reduced-wrapping CPScreens for 2D/3D separation, an abrasion-resistant CP Glass Breaker to remove glass and fines, and four MSS CIRRUS optical sorters. In addition, two MSS CIRRUS PlasticMax optical sorters will recover PET and HDPE, one MSS CIRRUS FiberMax optical sorter will sort and clean fibre, and one MSS CIRRUS will be used as a scavenger optical sorter to recover any remaining commodities.

RCO to trial unique co-operative model to decrease food waste in the commercial sector Recycling Council of Ontario (RCO), with support through a $273,700 USD grant from the Walmart Foundation, aims to apply a co-op model designed to save food in the province. According to RCO, food waste is the single largest waste stream lost to disposal and is the leading cause of methane emissions from landfills. While many communities have successfully implemented curbside organics collection, the nonresidential sector loses more than 70 percent of food waste to disposal. “Municipalities have made residential organics programs effective through door to door collection efficiencies, and in-home source separation built on continuous public education and outreach,” said Jo-Anne St. Godard, executive director, RCO. “Businesses and institutions, on the other hand, have organic material managed location by location, which eliminates standardized services the residential sector benefits from. That’s why we want to trial a pre-competitive co-op model that offers simple and convenient options to recover edible food and divert compostable food waste material from disposal.” “This co-operative model with commercial generators sharing collection and recycling services and costs by geographic region has never been trialled before,” continued St. Godard. “There is also significant opportunity to maintain value of food and food waste by applying circular economy principles. If we demonstrate that this approach to food waste recovery is viable with social, environmental, and economic benefits, this model can be utilized in communities large and small right across the country.” RCO expects the co-op to be in operation by summer. The trial is expected to last six months, with results published in winter of 2018/2019. May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


UPFRONT ERA changes name

MRF Update

Machinex single-stream sorting system providing higher quality output for SOCRRA Located in Troy, Michigan, the Southeastern Oakland County Resource Recovery Authority (SOCRRA) material recovery facility has been fully operational since mid-January. The newly installed Machinex single-stream system is expected to double capacity, from 15,000 to 30,000 tons per year, and is already producing higher quality materials, compared to the dual-stream system it replaced. The contract for construction of the new facility, including building coordination and equipment, was granted to Machinex after a public bid in 2017. SOCRRA’s expanded building, with construction done by Machinex partner Cambridge Companies, includes the new single-stream system along with new tipping floor space and a new twolevel education room. When evaluating the operational needs of their MRF, SOCRRA says they also decided to move forward with new staffing solutions, provided by

Leadpoint USA. “Leadpoint’s highperformance work team model is now in place at the SOCRRA facility, bringing the operation to full staffing levels,” said Leadpoint’s Todd Hubbard. ‘’This project has been an exciting challenge for Machinex since it was the first, complete turnkey project, including the building expansion, that we were managing,” said Chris Hawn, CEO of Machinex Technologies Inc. “We are extremely pleased with the workflow throughout the project’s preparation, which has been a success thanks to the excellent collaboration we have had from Cambridge, Leadpoint and SOCRRA.” This new system has a 15-tph capacity and includes sorting technologies such as a two-deck MACH OCC screen, a MACH One ONP screen, a MACH Ballistic separator as a finishing device, a ferrous magnet, a Machinex Eddy Current Separator, a three-cubicyard waste compactor, and a glass cleanup system.

The Electronic Recycling Association (ERA), a non-profit organization focused on e-waste and the increasing “digital divide” announced recently that they are rebranding to the Electronic Reusing Association. The organization says this comprehensive rebrand elevates the focus on reuse rather than recycle and this will be evident in their new logo and website within the coming months. Throughout 2018 ERA will be slowly introducing their new name to the public, in time for the organization’s 15th anniversary in March 2019.

GFL now one of largest environmental service providers in North America Toronto-based GFL Environmental Inc. recently announced it has entered into an agreement to recapitalize GFL Environmental Holdings Inc. with investors led by BC Partners, Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan and others. The transaction implies a total GFL enterprise value of approximately $5.125 billion, making GFL one of the largest environmental services companies in North America.

​RRF auction at ISRI 2018 sets records As part of its continuous effort to provide funds for college students and industry research, the Recycling Research Foundation (RRF) raised a record amount of nearly $40,000 through its annual silent auction, held at ISRI 2018 in April. RRF promotes the art and science of scrap processing and recycling through research, sponsorships, technical assistance, and educational programs.

Research & Education

EREF expands presence in Canada In early 2017, the Environmental Research & Education Foundation (EREF) and the Ontario Waste Management Association (OWMA) convened in Ontario with the goal of exploring the work EREF is undertaking in the U.S. and to discuss the development of a Canadian research platform that would meet the needs of the country’s waste management sector. Out of this meeting, the EREF Canadian steering committee was created and convened for the first time March 8, 2018, to discuss how the committee will operate, as well as pinpoint and prioritize solid waste issues affecting Canada. According to OWMA, outcomes of the meeting included the identification of additional Canadian entities to participate on

12 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

the committee, as well as key areas for research, and emphasized that organics management will be the primary focus of initial research initiatives, with additional near-term issues including recycling and greenhouse gas quantification. In addition to the creation of EREF’s Canadian Steering Committee, the Foundation increased Canadian funding through an endowed scholarship. Currently, the EREF Canadian steering committee is comprised of individuals from Waste Connections of Canada, OWMA, Molok North America, GHD, Waste Management, Region of Peel, Region of Waterloo, City of Toronto, University of New Brunswick and GFL.

Mergers & Acquisitions


SWANA and ISRI join forces for inaugural MRF Summit at WASTECON 2018

Wastequip acquired by H.I.G. Capital affiliate

The Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) and the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) recently announced their partnership on the 2018 MRF Summit, to be held at SWANA’s WASTECON conference, August 20–23 in Nashville, Tennessee. This inaugural MRF Summit will provide materials recovery facility (MRF) owners, municipal solid waste professionals, consumer products companies, and government officials with a forum to discuss MRF issues and challenges, such as contamination, technology and industry policy. “SWANA is excited to host this important and timely event at WASTECON, as MRFs struggle to address the challenges posed by more stringent contamination standards and a changing waste stream,” said David Biderman, SWANA’s executive director and CEO. “This summit is the first of its kind, bringing together consumer brand owners, material recovery facilities, mass retailers, scrap consumers, trade organizations, and municipal solid waste leaders to debate the pros, cons, and realities of recycling different types of materials,” said Robin Wiener, president of ISRI. “With curbside residential recycling upended by China restrictions and contamination, this is expected to host the most spirited debates that have ever occurred in this industry.”

Wastequip recently announced the close of its acquisition by an affiliate of H.I.G. Capital, LLC (H.I.G.), a leading global private equity investment firm. As part of the deal, originally announced in early February, Wastequip has appointed Andreas Y. Gruson as chairman of its board of directors. Gruson brings more than 20 years of global waste industry and financial expertise to his role. “Wastequip will benefit immensely from having a person of Andreas’ calibre to help shape the vision of our company,” said Marty Bryant, Wastequip CEO. “With him as our chairman of the board, I believe we are well positioned to execute on strategies to drive even greater sales and earnings through both organic growth and acquisitions.”


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UPFRONT Equipment Installations

LEFORT commissions stationary shear at Tervita Red Deer scrap facility LEFORT America has announced the commissioning of a Lefort SH1100A stationary shear at Tervita’s Red Deer, Alberta facility. According to Lefort, their SH1100A stationary shear is made for the shearing of lightweight sheet metal and average demolition scrap, and is perfectly aligned with Tervita’s needs at the Red Deer location. The commissioning of the machine was completed in March, 2018. Jon Miller from Lefort America and two engineers travelled to Red Deer to install and commission the machine, ensuring that all the components and systems of the shear are properly set up according to Tervita’s operational requirements. Tervita’s new machine includes a Caterpillar Tier 4 final C13 engine rated at 475 hp, as well as an eight-metre box, remote control and Lefort’s First Class operator’s cabin. The SH1100 provides 1,100 tons of shearing force and a 200-ton pusher ram for best-in-class densification. MRF update

FCC Environmental and VanDyk announce second MRF in Houston One year after completing their Dallas MRF, FCC Environmental has teamed up again with supplier Van Dyk Recycling Solutions to deliver a high-capacity advanced system in Houston, Texas. The previous collaboration between the two parties (at FCC’s Dallas MRF) won the National Waste and Recycling Association’s Recycling Facility of the Year Award in 2017. The new MRF in Houston will feature a state-of-the-art glass cleanup system as well as a 13.5-foot-wide elliptical separator to screen out film plastics. Because the City of Houston is allowing glass and film to be added back into their recycling program, FCC

needs a system that can capture film and recover glass as a sellable commodity. The system is similar to the design of their Dallas plant (which screens out film plastics at twice the national average), but will contain additional optical sorters to maximize fibre quality and to automatically recover film plastics. Van Dyk’s optical sorter is the only fibre cleanup device that automatically recognizes the difference between fibre and film, according to Van Dyk. The company says they are excited to partner again with FCC for this new project and continue the tradition of designing high-capacity recycling plants. The Houston MRF is slated to be completed, spring of 2019.

14 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

More Industry News RecyclingProductNews.com

Ontario Ministry releases Food and Organic Waste Framework The Ontario Ministry of Environment and Climate Change has released the Food and Organic Waste Framework. The Framework consists of two complementary components, including a Food and Organic Waste Action Plan, which outlines strategic commitments to be taken by the province to address food and organic waste. The other component, the Food and Organic Waste Policy Statement, provides direction to a range of stakeholders to further the provincial interest in waste reduction and resource recovery as it relates to food and organic waste. The Policy Statement was issued pursuant to Section 11 of Ontario’s Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act, 2016, on April 30, 2018 and is now in effect.

Ontario releases tires regulation The Government of Ontario recently passed a new regulation designating tires under the Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act, 2016. The regulation requires tire producers to be responsible for collecting and managing tires supplied to customers in Ontario once the current Used Tires Program, operated by Ontario Tire Stewardship, is wound up on December 31, 2018. The regulation will come into full effect on January 1, 2019 when the new requirements for collection and management begin.

New guidelines around food donation unveiled The National Zero Waste Council has introduced new guidelines aimed at providing clarity and advice to the Canadian food industry and organizations across Canada that are looking to donate or receive high quality nutritious food that would otherwise go to waste. The Guidelines to Minimize Wasted Food and Facilitate Food Donations pertain to a range of potential donors including food manufacturers, licensed kitchens or processing facilities, and will look at everything from health and safety to specific ways to reduce food waste. “Canadians waste an estimated $31 billion worth of food each year,” said Malcolm Brodie, chair of the National Zero Waste Council. “We want to provide solid direction and helpful guidance to food industry members who want to begin donating excess food waste.”


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spotlight Freightliner EconicSD low-entry COE collection truck unveiled at WasteExpo Freightliner Trucks introduced the new Freightliner EconicSD waste collection truck at WasteExpo, held April 21–24 in Las Vegas. The Freightliner EconicSD is a modern, low-entry cabover-engine (COE) collection truck, adapted from the proven Mercedes-Benz Econic, a low-entry COE chassis popular in Europe, Australia and Asia. According to Freightliner, this new truck is specifically designed for the North American market, providing high-level safety, uptime and productivity. “By working closely with our North American waste collection customers and analyzing how we could provide a solution that best benefits their businesses, we recognized the opportunity to adapt the Freightliner EconicSD for this market,” said Roger Nielsen, president and CEO for Daimler Trucks North America. Freightliner Trucks also partnered with Heil Environmental and McNeilus Truck & Manufacturing to ensure the Freightliner EconicSD is ideal for the North American market. “The cabover-engine design for the North American waste collection market is a unique concept, so collaborating with Heil and McNeilus was critical to ensure a streamlined upfit process and

efficiencies from the very beginning,” said Richard Howard, senior vice president, sales and marketing for Daimler Trucks North America. The new EconicSD is equipped with a Detroit DD8 mid-range engine, the Detroit Assurance suite of safety systems, remote diagnostics, as well as a redesigned, spacious and ergonomic cab, panoramic windshield and low seating position for the driver, for added visibility. Cab configurations for the EconicSD in 6x4, high cab and low cab, and rear and side loader configurations will be available. The Freightliner EconicSD will be available to start ordering in the summer of 2018.

H-Sensortechnik Optical Belt Scale provides volumetric measurement The H-Sensortechnik Optical Belt Scale is a contact-free volumetric scanner that is mounted over conveyor belts. Using the latest laser technology, this belt scale effectively scans material crossing any conveyor belt with a measurement accuracy of 1mm variance. The system works very well in waste and recycling applications, biomass, soil and mulch, as well as aggregates, and is unaffected by wind, dust, temperature and vibration. Plus, it has no moving parts, no contact areas, only needs calibration once, and is unaffected by changing conveyor angle, which is particularly helpful on tracked equipment. Beyond its practical measurement application, the Optical Belt Scale is also a very effective project management tool, providing cloud-based reporting telematics. To accurately measure volumes, the Optical Belt Scale uses a volume data calculation to produce a 99.8% volumetric accurate result. By combining the cross profile and feed rate measurements, the resulting material data is readily available in cubic metres, yards or it can be converted to weight using a set material density. Once the unit’s sensor scans and measures material on the conveyor, besides storing the data, it wirelessly transmits data in real-time to a handheld device, and via Bluetooth, and syncs the device data with the cloud-based Sensortrack dashboard. Live data can be retrieved at any time, from any location, for multiple scales and multiple sites.

16 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

Genesis introduces bucket screeners and crushers Genesis Attachments, as part of their new Impact Tools Group, has introduced the GBS Bucket Screener and GBC Bucket Crusher hydraulic attachments. The GBS Bucket Screener provides a mobile and cost-effective solution for sizing natural rock and recycling material on site – quickly and efficiently while occupying minimal space. Available in five models, the GBS fits 6,600-pound skid steers to 77,000-pound excavators. The GBC bucket crusher is designed to provide a unique, aggressive figure-eight crushing motion that produces high quality cubical product. Units are available in four sizes to fit 22,000- to 77,000-pound excavators.

Our look at the latest new and updated equipment, technology, Parts and systems for recycling and waste management

Fuchs displays updated F2 series material handlers at ISRI 2018 At ISRI 2018, held in April, Fuchs displayed their updated MHL 350 F2 handlers and re-engineered MHL340 F2, designed specifically for increased productivity in scrap. The MHL340 F2 material handler (shown) includes hydraulic system refinements for faster, more responsive machine movements, and capability to handle heavier loads with faster cycle times, ideal for applications in industrial waste handling and scrap handling at feeder yards. Units also feature a heavier counterweight for improved lifting stability, heavy-duty doublerow slew ring design, an available hydraulic quick-coupler system, easy maintenance, and an ergonomic, award-winning operator’s cab built for safety, comfort and efficiency. Fuchs MHL340 F2 material handlers use a standard, powerful, fuel-efficient 173 hp (129 kW) turbocharged diesel engine, with automatic idling and engine shut-down to reduce fuel consumption and lower soot build-up at the diesel particulate filter. Fuchs’ MHL350 F2 model material handler boasts a powerful dual-circuit hydraulic system that handles heavy loads with highlevel performance. Delivering precise machine control in high-

production applications, the MHL350 is one of the fastest, most sensitive and most fuel-efficient material handlers in the scrap industry, according to Fuchs.


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spotlight LEFORT introduces latest baler/logger at ISRI 2018 AT ISRI 2018, held April 16–19 in Las Vegas, LEFORT America displayed their SB1000A, a new baler designed and engineered specifically for the North American market, as well as their new Lefort B20BT (tracked) baler/logger. The new B20B series of baler/ logger (shown here without tracks) is a completely redesigned, updated and much improved version of Lefort’s B20A baler/logger, built for improved productivity and reduced operational costs and downtime. The Lefort B20B is available in four different versions: stationary, portable/towable with landing legs (three axles, DOT approved) and crawler (the BT tracked model). The all-new Lefort B20B baler/logger has two pusher rams adjustable up to 200 tons of compressing force, a diagnostic screen, automatic lubrication system, hydraulic cooler, remote control and automatic cycle. Units are available with a diesel- or electric-power unit, integrated material handler with hydraulic cab-riser system that lifts the cab up to 43 inches to optimize visibility and security, as well as a hydraulic tank heater and diesel engine heater. In addition, the combination of a powerful 278-hp Tier 4 Final diesel

engine and a hydraulic system engineered by Lefort allows full oilflow integration for fast and dynamic movements that result in faster work cycle times. According to Lefort, this high-speed baler is also the strongest in its range, at 290 tons per lid, and the operator can select main compression force up to 200 tons. Lefort also recently introduced a redesigned and repowered Lefort SB770B Shear Baler, available in stationary, portable and crawler configurations. It is equipped with a 350-hp Cummins diesel engine, 200-ton pusher ram and 750 tons of cutting force.

New mag-grab grapple from MACK Manufacturing At ISRI 2018, Mack Manufacturing introduced a new mag-grab as the latest addition to its product line for the scraphandling industry. This combination 4-tine grapple and lifting magnet is offered in 1-yard, 1.5-yard and 2-yard models. The 2-yard grab is fitted with a 44-inch lifting magnet, while the smaller models feature 40-inch magnets. Key features include: continuous rotation of orange-peel tines; reinforced tine ribs and a T1 structural steel body; oversized bushings; and tines fitted with premium replaceable points. According to Matt Davidson of Mack Manufacturing, maggrabs typically are used to improve load retention when lifting fine material or to let operators “sweep” the work area clear of ferrous debris during loading operations. He says there was a great deal of interest in this new product at ISRI this year. “We feel that this combination will prove to be a very valuable addition to many of our customers and effectively increase their productivity in certain operating situations,” said Davidson.

18 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

Keestrack unveils updated R3/R3e impact crusher

Keestrack unveiled a new design for its track-mounted impact crusher R3/R3e at Intermat 2018 in April. Key features of this 30-tonne diesel-electric hybrid mobile crusher include compact transport and operational dimensions, modern design, fast loading, short setup times on site and a high level of mobility thanks to supportless-frame construction with a rugged undercarriage track frame. From the spring of 2018, the new crusher will be available in a diesel-hydraulic R3 version and as a fully hybrid Keestrack R3e with a diesel-electric drive and fully electric plug-in power supply. At the heart of both versions is the high-performance impact crusher 48 ICR 100-00 with a large 770- x 960-mm inlet opening; it offers crushing efficiency up to 250 tph for a range of materials.

Our look at the latest new and updated equipment, technology, Parts and systems for recycling and waste management

Rotochopper launches 1,000hp dual-motor-drive electric horizontal grinder

The first true anti-wrapping, non-blinding screen.

• No wrapping or jamming • Reduces manual sorters • Low maintenance, minimal wear Designed to help process increased volumes of waste materials, Rotochopper has introduced a new 1,000-hp dualmotor-drive option for the B-66 E electric-powered horizontal grinder. The dual-motor drive is designed to reduce operating and maintenance costs compared to a single-motor drive, as well as minimize amperage surges at start-up. According to Rotochopper, due to the sourcing challenges of bigger electric motors, grinder owners have often opted for lower horsepower. “The dual motor drive brings the best of both worlds – the convenience of smaller motors along with the production capacity of higher horsepower,” said Rotochopper CEO Art de St. Aubin. He added that benefits of a dual-motor drive over a singlemotor drive include lower startup amperage surges and lower repair costs in the event of downtime. While major downtime is rare with industrial electric motors, should a breakdown occur, the B-66 E dual-motor drive decreases lead time and cost of replacement parts compared to a single larger motor. “The 600 to 700 horsepower range has been a great fit for customers from a broad range of industries,” said de St. Aubin. “But the growth in yard waste composting, municipal waste and other high-volume markets is driving increased demand for bigger electric grinders with higher horsepower.”

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May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


spotlight cover story

Sierra introduces REB4 two-ram baler at ISRI 2018

Introduced at ISRI 2018 in Las Vegas, the new REB4 two-ram baler is the only two-ram that features Sierra International Machinery’s patent pending dual-compression doors. The REB4 uses 55 tons of force per door to push material below the cutting knife and into the charging chamber, increasing charging efficiency, eliminating rollback and pre-densifying material before the cycle even begins. This leads to a 20 to 40 percent increase in production, according to Sierra. “Our original two-rams are great machines, but we knew we could do better,” said John Sacco, president and owner of Sierra International Machinery. “We didn’t set out to just make a faster machine by adding more horsepower or more pump speed – we set out to create a machine that actually solved the dilemmas and frustrations that recyclers face every day, such as roll-back, shear shock and hydraulic shock. By eliminating these frustrations, we’ve increased the speed, production and efficiency.” The REB4 two-ram baler allows for greater input density in the charging chamber, which is dramatically different than traditional two-ram balers. When the doors are fully closed there is only a 6-inch gap that requires shearing, reducing the area to be cut by 90 percent and allowing for an overall reduction of shear and hydraulic shock, as well as reducing stress on the blades and structure of the machine. This reduction in shearing also reduces energy cost, making the REB4 the most power-efficient two-ram in the world, according to Sierra.

20 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

New versatile trommels available from Ecoverse Designed to withstand some of the toughest screening tasks, including wet material, in a range of recycling and other applications, the new TrommALL from Ecoverse is a compact, maneuverable trommel screen with high productivity. Units are available in two sizes, the TrommALL 5800Tr (shown) and the 2500GT model, a mobile deck screen ideal for small jobs or dealer rental fleets. TrommALL screens are built with quality components, including heavy-duty Strickland tracks for great mobility on any terrain, as well as a quick-change drum and a powerful engine, and units are available on wheels. Other key TrommALL features include: selfcleaning brushes; a tough punch plate drum; a large hopper that does not block up; ground-level tensioners; and optional hydraulically adjustable tensioners. In addition, units are designed to be easy to move around a site, or to a different site, with set up in minutes. Also now available from Ecoverse, the new Doppstadt SM 617 FLEX trommel is designed with an adjustable conveyor for output to either side, drum change-out in as little as 15 minutes for re-sizing and colouring applications, and a swing-out engine for ease of maintenance.

Kleeman’s latest compact impactors displayed at WOC At World of Concrete (WOC) 2018, in January, Kleeman showed their latest highperformance Mobirex MR 130 Zi EVO2 (and smaller MR 110) compact impactors. These machines are engineered to provide high-performance in aggregates and recyclable materials processing, including concrete, asphalt or bricks, demolition waste and mixed construction waste. The latest models can be equipped with an optional secondary vibrating screen with extra-large screening surface mounted on the discharge conveyor. Key features of the MR 130 Z1 EVO2 model include: hydraulically folding hopper walls; independent double-deck pre-screen; a new inlet geometry; improved impact and rotor ledges; an extremely efficient direct drive; latest-generation diesel engine; a Continuous Feed System; hydraulic gap adjustment; and a new SPECTIVE Control System designed for operator ease-of-use.

spotlight cover story

Komptech presents range of new machines at IFAT 2018 At the recently held IFAT 2018, May 14–18 in Paris, Komptech introduced and displayed a range of new machines and systems for international markets. The new Connect! remote monitoring system was introduced at the show, along with the new Nemus Komptech’s new 3000 drum screen with Metalfex separator modular drive design, as well as the new Metalfex (shown here), a mobile nonferrous metal separator which can pick out iron and steel. Other new products introduced at the show included an X500 windrow turner, the latest Axtor chipper/shredder, and the Terminator Type V shredder. (See more information on the Type V in this issue’s shredder focus.) The new Metalfex separator is fed using the machine’s own 1.6-m-wide intake conveyor. Nonferrous metals are removed by an eddy current separator (ECS) that can be adjusted for the precise material type and feed rate. The nonferrous metals and cleaned fraction are output on two folding conveyors to the right and left of the machine, and the 0.8-m-wide belts can reach discharge heights of 2.3 to 3.15 metres. All components on the new Metalfex are electrically powered; units are designed to be flexible and mobile, and are available in compact hook-lift, two-axle trailer or mobile site chassis versions.

Doosan material handler makes debut At ISRI 2018, in April, Doosan North America unveiled the new DX225MH-5 material handler, designed for operators who work in a variety of scrap handling applications, including scrap yards, recycling facilities and solid waste centres and transfer stations. The durable, Tier 4– compliant DX225MH-5 material handler is designed for a long life with a sturdy steel-track undercarriage and features enhancements in fuel efficiency, versatility and productivity. Key features of the new models include: factory-fitted cab-risers; a straight-boom and droop-nose arm for peak performance; advanced machine guarding; multiple power modes; and a range of cab enhancements and machine options. Doosan DX225MH-5 material handlers also come with a standard three-year subscription to Doosan CONNECT, which allows equipment owners and fleet managers to remotely monitor machine location, hours, fuel usage, engine-idle versus work-time and error codes, as well as engine and hydraulic temperatures.

22 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

New waste and recycling industry tires on display at Waste Expo Bridgestone Americas has presented the latest in retread advancements and introduced two new all-position radial tires. Bridgestone M870 and Firestone FS860 tires are designed exclusively for the waste industry and will enter the market later this year. Alliance Tire Americas (ATA) launched a rugged, new line of Galaxy brand radial off-theroad (OTR) tires. Built for special demands placed on loaders, forklifts and a range of heavy equipment, the Galaxy radial OTR line features all-steel radial construction for puncture-resistance and reduced heat buildup, as well as a special compound for longer service life. Trelleborg displayed a range of tires at Waste Expo, including their latest solid tire. Brawler HPS Soft Ride solid tires are designed to offer operator comfort that is radically improved by over 35 percent, when compared to standard solid tires used in waste applications, according to Trelleborg. Goodyear announced the expansion of its Total Solution for waste haul fleets with a new retread product and new commercial tire management program. On display was their proven waste industry Endurance WHA tire as well a number of off-the-road tires designed for equipment used at landfills, waste transfer stations and recycling facilities.

More on the latest systems and technology innovations – for MRF applications – this issue in our MRF Systems & Components section.

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cover story

24 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

no time for downtime partnership with ELV Select and installation of latest SEDA vehicle Drainage system is helping to keep Ontario’s Nicklin Auto Parts & Recyclers on top of a never-ending supply of eLVs by keith barker, editor


Bob Vanleeuwen from ELV Select and Denis Krajcar from Nicklin Auto Parts & Recyclers, inside Nicklin’s new building.

icklin Auto Parts & Recyclers has been serving southern Ontario since the late fifties. In the mid-nineties the company’s 30acre yard and building in Guelph was purchased by its current owner, Denis Krajcar, who says he started in the auto recycling business as a teenager. “I started working at Cambridge Auto Wreckers when I was 16, until I was about 25, when I bought this place,” explains Krajcar. He says that at the time he bought the company the owner was simply ready to retire. Krajcar was in the right place at the right time, and since the 1990s, the business has seen steady growth. “First of all, you pay off the business, which takes some time and limits what you can do,” he says. “And then, it’s just about reinvesting in the business, buying better equipment, loaders, crushers and other equipment, to do jobs we were always hiring others for. It only makes sense to do it yourself. It’s been a long haul, but now everything is in place.” Nicklin Auto Parts & Recyclers now processes about 10,000 cars per year. The company salvages valuable parts, including engines, cores, batteries, tires and precious metals, and sells other re-usable parts and components through a U-Pick “self-serve” operation. Nicklin also produces about 13,000 tonnes per year of scrap metal, which is sent to local recyclers. In 2017

Nicklin installed a new 12,000-square-foot steel-frame building which now houses their entire dismantling operation, including a new SEDA DrainTower vehicle drainage system and Girolift vehicle lift system, supplied by Fergus, Ontario-based equipment distributor ELV Select. When vehicles are brought in, they are drained, using the new SEDA system, and “cored,” tires are removed and then car bodies are sent to the U-Pick yard, where the public can pull any remaining parts they want. Once they’ve spent some time in the yard, cars are crushed and sent to scrap. Krajcar says prior to having the U-Pick side of their business, they used to be a fullservice yard, where they would pull parts off for the customer, on order. But, he says, too often they would have a customer make an order, for a part such as an alternator, they would spend an hour pulling it off, and then it turned out the customer didn’t need it. They decided it was not worth it. “It turns out that a full-service yard just wasn’t in the cards,” says Krajcar. “So now, as a U-Pick operation, we can place 2,000 cars in our yard. People like coming out on a sunny day. They take the parts they want, and we've got the best prices around.”

Starting with a blank sheet

Krajcar says the whole idea behind their new 12,000-square-foot facility was to start with a blank sheet and build things properly.

May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


cover story In April, Nicklin Auto Parts & Recyclers began operating their new SEDA DrainTower vehicle drainage system. The installation in Nicklin’s new building was done by ELV Select this past winter, and it followed the installation of three Girolift 10,000-pound dismantling lifts. “Our new SEDA DrainTower is a nice system,” says Krajcar. “It siphons everything out. We’ve already gone through the learning curve, and the guys are really picking up the pace on it. It’s doing a nice job.” Bob Vanleeuwen, co-owner of ELV Select, coordinated the entire installation for Nicklin and says three Girolift vehicle hoists were placed strategically in line with overhead doors, with a dedicated SEDA DrainTower per hoist. “The SEDA equipment was installed after the bulk of the rigid piping was completed and fluid tanks were installed with an alarm panel that senses all levels in each of the system’s fluid collection tanks,” explains Vanleeuwen. “The alarm is designed as a two-stage process, making operators aware of the 75 percent level, which can be overridden, and then stops the pumps in the SEDA equipment at 90 percent capacity. The entire process was designed to be very efficient and environmentally friendly.”

It’s about reinvesting in the business, buying better equipment, loaders, crushers and other equipment, to do jobs we were always hiring others for. It only makes sense to do it yourself.” Denis Krajcar

26 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

A 10,000-pound-capacity Girolift dismantling lift, in tandem with a SEDA DrainTower, installed at Nicklin Auto Parts & Recyclers in Guelph, Ontario. Krajcar says when they initially decided to get a new vehicle drainage system, they shopped around. In the end, their decision came down to service and parts availability. He notes that they had been using another system, which they were happy with, but when they had an issue they could be waiting three or four days to get a part. “Nobody would stock parts for it,” says Krajcar. He adds though that things have changed since ELV Select started a partnership with Austria-based manufacturer SEDA, as their Canadian distributor, and he started working on the upgrade of their vehicle drainage system with Bob Vanleeuwen. “Now they’re only 20 minutes up the road from us,” Krajcar says. “So that played heavily into determining that we were going go with the SEDA system. Firstly, I’ve known Bob for many years. I call him a friend. And secondly, if we have an issue, he’s got the parts immediately, so we can be in production in no time. “When we’re operating the way we are, at the pace we’re operating, when something goes wrong and everything stops, you are not going to send your employees home, but we can’t get things done. In the summertime, we can be pulling in 40 to 50 cars per day. It doesn’t take long before you’re backlogged 200 or 300 cars, if our system is down. Previously, periodically we would run into issues like this.”

Quality recovered fuel

“Each DrainTower is equipped with the ability to suction gas/diesel, waste oil (engine/transmission), power steering brake and washer fluid, and coolant,” says Vanleeuwen. “Each fluid can be evacuated without spilling a drop and is pumped directly into separate storage tanks. Fuel is separated using SEDA’s Quality Control sight glass, transferring dirty and clean fuel to separate containment tanks. “This is a major advantage for any recycler, as fuel can be reused in delivery vehicles, tow trucks and other vehicles.” This system benefit is certainly one that has not gone unnoticed by Denis and Nicklin’s staff. “Because of the volume of vehicles that we process here in the day, and in a month, we have an abundance of used gasoline, which we recover through the SEDA system and filters,” says Krajcar. He says their quality recovered gas and diesel fuel is shared with employees and used in his own vehicle, as well as for their fleet. “We recently bought new Ford 650 series trucks with V10 gas. That certainly has helped us a lot, just in what we save in diesel fuel costs through using our own recovered fuel. We’ve upgraded our whole truck fleet. Our oldest truck is now a 2016 model.” He says that for recovered fuel they use three filter systems, and because he and his employees use the gas in their

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cover story own vehicles and for their car carriers, nobody wants any fuel quality issues. It provides a great incentive for quality control. “On the SEDA system, our guys can see throughout a sight glass or bowl, and know whether or not it is fuel you would actually want to run through your vehicle. So if it’s good, clean gasoline, you just pump it out to the good tank. If it is all murky, cloudy, red, or skunky, operators hit a valve and run it into the bad gas tank.” For fluids too contaminated for reuse, such as waste oil or antifreeze, he says they partner with a hauler, such as GFL or Safety-Kleen, to collect and take it away. Bad gasoline goes into one tank, while bad diesel goes into another tank, and then it is also hauled away. “Because there are different prices for disposing of gas and diesel, we keep it separate. Otherwise, you’re going to always get hit at the high price.”

The Girolift hoist

The new Girolift dismantling lift, also installed this past winter by ELV Select, was a new concept for Krajcar. “I’d never seen one of these before,” he admits. “We thought we’d be using scissor lifts, one in the front and rear of the car, and then we just tilt it or have a free span.” The model installed for Nicklin by ELV Select was the Girolift 10-LF1AO1. This hoist is specifically designed for vehicle dismantling operations, features 10,000-pound capacity, and facilitates access to all vehicle locations and parts, providing safe working conditions. Units use 72-inch forks/stroke and are 100 percent hydraulic, with no cables, chains or pulleys. “The Giro Lift is neat,” says Krajcar. “I was a little leery at first, thinking it looks simple, but we’re using them now and they are working fine. It is a simple post with two adjustable arms on it, and we adjust it as we need it. The system lifts up the car, and we just plug in the SEDA system and drain everything. It is working pretty slick and I’m quite happy with it.”

28 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

operating in a changing auto recycling environment

Krajcar says the automotive salvage and recycling industry has changed somewhat over the last decade, especially over the last several years. The Canadian government has become more involved and the industry is more regulated overall, especially in Ontario since ELV standards regulations were put into place in 2016 and have come into effect over the last several years. Before the introduction of the latest auto recycling industry regulations, Krajcar says there were environmental regulations to comply with, but really the industry was largely self-governed. Krajcar says that previously they would have audits done by qualified industry associations, such as OARA (Ontario Automotive Recyclers Association) and ARC (Automotive Recyclers of Canada). “Now things have changed,” he says. “Increased and updated regulations are a good thing. There is no question about it, it’s needed. But it’s a lot easier and smoother when the people who conduct the audits or draft the regulations are from our industry and understand how things work. “With the latest regulations in Ontario (by which all automotive recycling needs to take place under cover and on impermeable-surface concrete) auto recyclers are being given very little time to comply,” he says. “We’ve just gone through the process of getting a building permit. It took me almost four years to get it. Thank God

Each SEDA DrainTower is equipped to suction gas/diesel, waste oil (engine/transmission), power steering fluid, brake fluid, washer fluid and coolant. we did what we did when we did. Some of the other yards that have to comply now, in six months, I don’t know how they’re going do it. With a lot of the yards in rural areas – where they want everyone to dismantle under a roof in a building, this time frame isn’t going to cut it. It takes six months sometimes just to fill out the application.” He says they installed a steel building, but canvas-type buildings require the same permitting. “And the government was the one that told us, ‘You might as well put up a steel building, because it’s going to cost you just as much.’ So that’s what we did.”

Operating in A changing tire recycling environment

With respect to the impending dissolution, by the end of 2018, of Ontario Tire Stewardship (the non-profit that has been managing the province’s used tires program), Krajcar says it is unfortunate in the sense that they finally had a program that was working in Ontario. Scrap tires were getting picked up regularly and efficiently, at little cost to consumers or recyclers, around the province. “We had a tire bin, drop-off was free, tires were collected and we were getting a couple dollars here and there,” says Krajcar. Continued on page 60.


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Auto Recycling

Voith SafeSet Coupling Retrofit solution for City Scrap & Salvage Torque overload protection key in preventing catastrophic failure of the shredder driveline


ity Scrap & Salvage, located in Akron, Ohio, has experience dealing with catastrophic failure of the driveline between the motor and rotor of an automotive shredder. The company says that when operating without torque overload protection, they had an unshreddable item enter their shredder, and with continued inertia cause serious damage and shredder shutdown. To prevent unshreddables from causing further damage, City Scrap selected Voith Turbo, Inc. to install the Voith SafeSet torque limiting coupling. According to City Scrap, since installation, the SafeSet coupling reliably disengaged their shredder driveline a total of four times in 40 months, each time protecting against catastrophic damage. The company also reports that the initial investment in the SafeSet was paid back within 12 months of start-up. “The Voith SafeSet torque limiting coupling can prevent damages, shutdowns and downtime,” explains Kyle Kluttz, vice president, new business sales Mining & Metals Americas, Voith Turbo, Inc. “The SafeSet coupling disengages the shredder driveline upon sudden unplanned stops due to unshreddables,” he continues. “Sudden stops create a high torque event that stresses drive components resulting in damages, reduced life and ultimately catastrophic failure. Even worse, catastrophic failure creates a life-threatening safety hazard for shredder operating personnel.”

Voith and Danieli sign distribution agreement

Voith Turbo, Inc. and Danieli Centro Recycling, a global manufacturer of recycling machinery, recently announced an agreement for Danieli to distribute Voith Turbo products and services to shredder operators. Customers can now singlesource Voith SafeSet couplings, quicktime delivery universal joint drive shafts (u-joint shafts), hydrodynamic couplings and other highly flexible couplings via Danieli. “Through our partnership with Danieli, we’re improving the operator’s experience by providing easy access to superior drive components from Voith,” said Kluttz, who added that their North American delivery times have been decreased from months to weeks. This article was submitted by Voith Turbo, Inc.

30 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

Top: City Scrap & Salvage installed Voith Turbo’s SafeSet torque limiting coupling on the auto shredder driveline to prevent catastrophic failure and downtime. Above: a cross-section of Voith’s SafeSet Coupling.




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auto Recycling

With origins dating back over two decades, OverBuilt car crushers and baler/loggers remain an industry standard High-speed car crushers and logger/balers have come a long way and continue to advance by keith barker, editor


ased in Huron, South Dakota, OverBuilt turned out their prototype Car Crusher in 1996. According to OverBuilt sales manager Steve Besch, their current design, which visitors saw at this year’s ISRI 2018 on the Model 10 HS Car Crusher (right), originally arose from scrap dealers who approached company owners, father and son Dick and Scott Rink, with three requests: make car crushers easier to use, provide a larger opening to fit larger machinery or more cars, and make them run faster. That was the beginning of the 10 foot-high, 20-foot 3-inch-long crushing chamber, and the patented High Speed OverBuilt Car Crusher that is an industry standard in North America today. “With total portability for easier relocation and the reduction in cycle times of up to 45 percent compared to our competitors, OverBuilt quickly took its place as the most efficient and cost effective machine on the market,” says Besch. Since the start he says they have continued to improve and enhance their crushers with standard features, such as a 400-gallon fuel cell, state-of-the-art remote control and ground-accessible grease stations for the lid. Another standard feature is ground activated locks for the lid, providing safety for operators and maintenance crews. In addition, available options on the latest machines include an auxiliary fuel pump to transfer fuel to other machines in the yard, hydraulic landing gear, oil heating systems and an air compressor with a 100-foot hose and reel system. Besch says the latest crushers also feature an onboard 400-gallon Fluid Recovery System, the only one of its size. “It makes it easier to keep the work

32 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

area clean,” he says. Scott Rink, OverBuilt’s second generation owner along with his wife Rebecca, confirms that many design enhancements have been made since the start. “While we knew we had an industry-leading machine, we did not stand still. We continue today to listen to our customers and improve our machines with their input, and we thank our many customers for continuing to partner with OverBuilt in their business plans,” says Rink. The first OverBuilt Baler/Logger came out ten years ago, in 2008, and has since taken its place as well as a wellproven machine in the scrap and auto recycling industry. “With a 26.5-foot crane and a lifting capacity of 5,000 pounds at 25 feet, filling the 20-foot baling chamber, it can handle the largest trucks, cars or vans a scrap yard has,” says Besch. Standard features on the baler/loggers also include a roomy, user-friendly cab with a highbacked chair, heat and AC, joystick operated functions at the finger tips and better visual access. “Just turn the key and you can do it all from the

The owners of OverBuilt, at ISRI in April, in front of a 2018 Model 10 HS Car Crusher. From left to right: Gary Reichling, Kellee Pace and Don Roby, along with sales manager Steve Besch. cab,” he says. He adds also that other options such as cab-operated downriggers, a central grease station on the crane for safety, an additional 180-gallon fuel cell, and an air compressor make this portable machine truly self-contained and it can be a one man operation. In September of 2016 OverBuilt Inc. was purchased by OVB Holdings LLC, based out of Dallas, Texas. Besch says it has been the direction of the new company to partner with the old management team and design department to ensure that “we are still manufacturing the highest producing, largest, fastest and most user-friendly Car Crusher available, as well as the most progressively engineered Baler/ Logger in the industry.” RPN

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scrap yard equipment & operations

Finding a balance in scrap Quebec-based SMR is maintaining continuous growth through investment despite historically fickle market prices


n spite of the burgeoning overall demand for recycled metals, a recycling market can reward scrap yards one year and punish them severely the next. Yet Société des Métaux Recyclés (SMR) has been able to thrive in times so lean that profitability was difficult, even for their yards with annual business totalling billions of dollars. “Certainly, we remember the economic downturn of 2008 very well,” says SMR founder and president Massimo M. Di Menna. “But 2015 was actually much worse.” In 2015, a slump in scrap metal demand worldwide created a global surplus. Prices plummeted. By year’s end, some mills were paying less than half for ferrous metals that had been increasingly precious commodities at the year’s begin-

34 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

ning. Nonferrous metals – copper, nickel and zinc – were worth a fraction of their value compared to the year before. SMR, however, has continued to invest and grow through market downturns. The company today reports annual revenues of up to $25 million.

Balanced operating principles

Di Menna established SMR in Terrebonne, near Montreal, Quebec, in 2001, serving customers throughout northeastern Canada. Its consistent market performance and ability to stand strong when a bull market forces other scrap yards to close or consolidate is the result of balanced operating principles, Di Menna says. The first principle involves maintaining SMR’s strength as an independently

Above: SMR operates a steadily growing equipment fleet of the industry’s most reliable, highprecision machinery, including this new LiuGong 922E excavator with LaBounty hydraulic shear attachment. successful operation. “We have done all this completely on our own,” Di Menna says. “We had no outside investors, not when we started and never since then.” The second balanced operating principle for SMR is interdependent cooperation. The company’s strength on its own makes it a valued player in joint ventures and partnering with other yards. To those alliances SMR brings a 50-person

workforce and a steadily growing equipment fleet of haul trucks, flatbeds and skid steers, as well as a fleet of mechanized demolition and scrapping rigs. Ten of the latter category of machines are LiuGong wheel loaders and excavators. The excavators are fitted with breakers, grapples and metal-cutting shears.

A relationship with LiuGong

SMR’s preference for LiuGong North America machinery is another sign of its hallmark independence, according to Di Menna. The company was one of the first in Canada to embrace the Chinabased brand. When Di Menna launched SMR on his own in 2001, he had only a single, rented truck. He went from one industrial facility to another, showing them how his recycling service could add value to their operations. “Scrap metal is not waste,” Di Menna says. “It’s revenue, it’s money.” Within a couple years, he was buying his own machines, employees and his own scrap bins with the company logo on them to set out for his customers. Di Menna bought his first LiuGong machine from Terrebonne-based Groupe Gymdex Inc., Canada’s first and larg-

est distributor of LiuGong equipment. Sales rep Yannick Charbonneau says he brought the LiuGong product line to Canada after seeing it firsthand at the 2008 CONEXPO show in Las Vegas. Although LiuGong is a global leader in wheel loader sales and manufacturing and Charbonneau says he believes them to be the best-made machines available worldwide, he says it was difficult to introduce a new brand to the already well-established Canadian market. After customers began renting Gymdex’s LiuGong 842 Z-bar wheel loader, he says word quickly spread about its low fuel consumption, ease of serviceability and comfortable operating environment. The first year Gymdex sold two. By 2011, Charbonneau was selling 20 a year. Di Menna bought his first LiuGong 922 excavator on Charbonneau’s recommendation. “I trust Yannick,” he says. “I have known him for many years. I cannot say enough about Gymdex and the customer service they offer.” Today SMR operates from two Terrebonne properties a half-kilometre apart and has offices in Alberta. The company not only continues to add to its LiuGong fleet but recommends the brand to the yards it partners with. The most

recent acquisition is a LiuGong E-series 922 excavator that SMR purchased in January 2017. This medium-sized carrier is designed specifically for the North American market and combines the precision of electronic control with the low-fuel consumption and Tier 4 Final emissions compliance of its 6.5-litre Cummins QSB6.7 diesel engine. “The first machines we sold were Tier 3 models,” Charbonneau says. “The customers really liked them. They were more comfortable and much easier to maintain than other models they had been used to from other manufacturers.” The new Tier 4 models, he says, also compare better over other brands, are easier to service and repair, and parts availability is not a problem. “We have a good relationship with Houston,” Charbonneau adds, referring to LiuGong North America’s U.S. headquarters.

Getting the job done

The new 922E excavator mounted with a LaBounty shear was one of the pieces of equipment SMR used to complete a $5-million job dismantling a Nova Scotia paper mill. Di Menna says the same rig has been used on numerous


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scrap yard equipment & operations projects throughout SMR’s widespread service area. “We have eight excavators in our fleet mounted with shears, cutters and grapples, and one with a breaker. We move our equipment all over the east and far north. The new LiuGong rig works well in any climate, whatever weather we put it in. The performance is very good, it’s dependable, and the E series is even more comfortable than earlier models.” One of the key features SMR operators like about the E series rig is its ROPS-certified, ergonomically designed cab offering them greater visibility, expansive leg room, a new multi-function LCD monitor, automatic air conditioner and large storage space. It’s designed to be one of the most comfortable working environments available to operators in the North American market, with features including a fine-tuned joystick control, a standard rearview backup camera, and improved hydraulics. “Honestly, the new E series is just better,” Di Menna says. “It’s faster, more precise.” SMR is far from done growing. Demand for valuable, recycled materials continues to rise, Di Menna says. “People have woken up to its value. Every year, more and more people are looking to ‘green’ resources. Scrap steel and nonferrous metals like copper and brass are more and more important to society. Scrap metal is ‘green’. And we are a green operation.” Over the next few years, SMR is planning a major expansion, and the plan is to add more Tier 4 Final LiuGong machines to its fleet.

Massimo M. Di Menna, founder and president of Société des Métaux Recyclés (SMR). “We’ve been approached by others,” continues Di Menna. “I just tell them, ‘You cost too much.’ I have a reliable, capable machine with good service at a good price point. Why would I switch? And it’s why I have been recommending LiuGong to my friends and those I work with in the industry.” “I started this business as just one man. I had no investors, no partners. And now SMR is doing $25 million a year and we are still growing. We are going to take it to the next level in the very near future.” This article was submitted on behalf of LiuGong North America.


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Plastics recycling

​Fimic’s laser-drilled screens built for managing contaminated plastics Italian manufacturer presents latest technology to North America at APR meeting; new Fimic filter to be installed in Canada this spring


n February, Italy-based Fimic Srl presented its latest innovations for the plastics recycling industry during the U.S. Association of Plastics Recyclers (APR) meeting, which was held in conjunction with the Plastics Recycling 2018 conference in Nashville. As a leader in the production of continuous melt filter for the recycling of post-consumer and post-industrial plastics, Fimic recently joined the APR, and is a standing member of the European plastic recyclers association. At the event, Fimic’s general manager Erica Canaia talked about one of the company’s latest innovations, introduced to North America in 2017: laser screens for the filtration of LDPE and HDPE contaminated material. According to Canaia, their automatic melt filter is well known in U.S. and Canadian markets, but until recently only for applications using punchedtype screens in which filtration is in the range of 300-2,000 microns (50 to 10 mesh). Since last year, she said, by taking advantage of laser drilling technology, Fimic is now able to supply laser-drilled screens that can filter down to 100 microns/140 mesh. Canaia went on to introduce the new Era Fimic filter, to be installed for the first time in Canada this spring. Canaia said this installation will enable screening of material twice, with two different levels of filtration. On this project, the filter’s first chamber will be dedicated to a rough filtration using cheap, punched screens, while the second chamber will use laser-drilled screens. “This method will guarantee that the most expensive screens will get material already pre-filtered so that the most

The FIMIC team, based in Italy. aggressive contaminants have been taken out. The two filtering chambers are separated and have independent discharging valves so that recyclers can calibrate differently the discharge of each chamber through independent, temporized opening of each valve.” At February’s APR meeting, Canaia talked about several other, specific case studies. One in particular involved a company that incorporated a Fimic filter in their application processing postconsumer, washed LDPE extremely contaminated with paper, PET and aluminum. She says with the Fimic system, their material is now filtered down to 100 microns, with pellets produced used for film blowing applications. Another case presented was about a line processing pipe-grade HDPE, now filtered at 150 microns. “With the installations of the Fimic filter, because of the machine’s larger filtering area (compared to those offered

by competitors) both of these recent customers have experienced an increase in their throughput and a huge saving in spares,” said Canaia. “If we compare the Fimic to a sliding filter, where an operator is forced to face very frequent changing of the mesh because of contamination, this causes a high cost in screens, both for the changing of the mesh and for their disposal. It also leads to an overall reduced quality of output, because it remains subject to human error.” Fimic’s filter uses a proven scraping system well known for its simplicity and flexibility, and for its ability to deal with various types of contaminants, including sand, metal, paper, paperboard and wood. Canaia’s presentation in February also addressed the overall flexibility of the Fimic filter, which can adapt to a number of materials, even when extremely contaminated, as in the case of postconsumer materials. RPN May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


plastics recycling

Yes in my backyard Canadian Government and the recycling industry have an Opportunity to reset objectives and get back to basics on plastics recycling


by Jo-Anne St. Godard

hina’s import restrictions and prohibitions on waste continue to disrupt markets around the world, causing a reassessment of entire value and supply chains. For far too long jurisdictions relied on foreign end-markets, and focused mostly on collection and sorting infrastructure without making parallel investments in domestic processing. Relying so heavily on a single market to process materials has made Canada and other nations vulnerable to losing material to disposal. There may be a silver lining, however. The abrupt and direct restrictions have forced programs and services to reconsider how recyclables are defined and the degree to which their markets are considered sustainable – in particular, packaging. Private and public service providers have worked tirelessly to perfect collection and sorting within the balance of costs and performance. Co-mingled collection became the preferred option over source-separated streams for many as offshore markets, with less expensive labour, tolerated higher degrees of contamination. This was exacerbated with constant change of packaging composition and an increased use of plastic. The market effects of China’s restrictions, combined with new interest at the federal level with Canada’s lead on an international zero-waste plastics charter and strategy, creates opportunity to reset objectives and go back to basics where less is more. In the spirit of collaboration, and from a point of view of an organization dedicated to waste reduction and the circular economy, Recycling Council of Ontario, along with colleagues from across the country, recently offered five considerations for the Government of Canada that are crucial to reduce plastic waste and advance the circular economy.


Focus on the source

Plastic waste and marine litter is the result of poorly designed products and

38 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

The market effects of China’s restrictions, combined with new interest at the federal level . . . creates opportunity to reset objectives and go back to basics where less is more. Jo-Anne St. Godard

packaging, and irresponsible management at the end-of-life stage. Policies and market shifts can play a key role in addressing these symptoms and ultimately the root problem.


Create sustained markets that demand post-consumer plastics


Integrate circularity into procurement

Recycling markets compete with cheap disposal, and the recycling industry requires a consistent source of materials in order to fill production cycles. Policies and market support should redirect materials away from disposal and into recycling. Creating sustained markets that fulfill demand will require intersecting policies that offer incentives to recycle and disincentives to dispose. 

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries spend 12 percent of their GDP on public procurement. With a $1.9 trillion GDP, Canada spends $230 billion on procurement alone, including the Government of Canada’s purchase of $16 billion worth of goods and services every year. Organizations have unrealized potential to advance circular economy models and principles through purchasing and procurement that can

meet environmental and economic objectives, including those specific to reducing plastic waste. We can shift markets through service agreements that favour access over ownership, change vendor relationships to require product take-back, and integrate specification that minimize plastic or require products designed to be easily recycled.


es the value of products and materials throughout their entire life. For far too long we’ve focused on collection to measure performance. We have an opportunity to finally shift markets and improve resource efficiencies around the world, starting in our own backyards. Let’s not waste it. Jo-Anne St. Godard is executive director of Recycling Council of Ontario, a notfor-profit, membership-based organization involved in policy, education and project work around the issues of consumption, waste generation, reduction and diversion, and recycling.

Grow domestic recycling solutions

China’s historical demand for recyclable material contributed to a shortage of ongoing investments in local plastic recycling markets. The combination of cheap disposal, lack of infrastructure and over-reliance on foreign markets has made nations vulnerable to losing recyclable plastic to disposal. Any plastics strategy must encourage and support domestic growth in recycling industries to manage and process material locally.


Develop national standards

Canada has a patchwork of policy approaches to waste reduction and recycling, and suffers from disparities that affect provincial performance and markets. There is no consistency in data reporting, measurement or definitions of recycling and/or disposal. There is also an absence of benchmarking and goalsetting that causes substantial variance in performance. According to Statistics Canada’s biannual reports on waste – the only national data available on this topic – provincial diversion rates range from as low as 15 percent to as high as 40 percent. The introduction of national standards could be the catalyst to create harmonized frameworks, facilitate consistent data collection and set national targets for plastics waste recycling. Implementing these five actions requires a multi-layer strategy strengthened by improved policies, incented markets and changed behaviours. We also need to support sustained markets that handle discarded plastics and other packaging – managing them in a way that keeps them at their highest use at all times, and shifting production and consumption cycles away from the linear model of consumption to one that maximiz-

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39 10:12 AM

MRF systems & components

Stacking up on Value from Waste First of its kind Kadant PAAL Konti channel baler playing critical role in creating value for Monterey MRF


he Monterey Regional Waste Management District (MRWMD) recently turned to Bulk Handling Systems (BHS) to provide a turnkey technologically advanced recovery system, designed for processing up to 80 tph on two lines. The district’s new multi-material line processes 30 tph of commercial and residential single-stream or 40 tph of commercial mixed materials, while the C&D line handles 40 tph. The $24 million project occupies 100,000 square feet of the Monterey District’s campus, which also includes the country’s first SMARTFERM anaerobic digestion (AD) system. According to the facility’s District General Manager, Tim Flanagan, “Our MRF improvement project positions the District and its member agencies to achieve new levels of success by turning even more waste into resources for the next 20 years.”

The PAAL Konti channel baler

For maximum flexibility and throughput, the Monterey facility is using a Kadant PAAL Konti baler, the first of its

The Kadant PAAL Konti channel baler provides Monterey with the flexibility to handle a broad range of materials. 40 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

kind in America. Paper, plastics and cans are neatly baled and tightly compressed for efficient shipment all over the world. According to Jason Greatorex, who leads Kadant PAAL in the U.S., “Our PAAL Konti channel baler plays a critical role in creating value at the Monterey facility. All bales are made with a single unit. Well-formed bales deliver greater value for their next life and a greater return for our customers. Because more bales can be loaded onto a single container truck, transport costs are much less. “The PAAL Konti channel baler is the European market leader because of its flexibility and robustness to process a broad range of materials. When a facility runs continuously, and transportation costs are an issue, our solution delivers the highest level of profitability.” “The Monterey Regional Waste Management District has been a longtime partner to BHS,” adds BHS CEO Steve Miller. “Processing 80 tph is an achievement for any operator, but the District really shines because of its deep commitment to high levels of both recovery and product quality. Their leadership has the vision and systems in place to close in on

From left: Steve Miller, CEO BHS; Tim Flanagan, GM of the Monterey Regional Waste Management District; Jason Greatorex, U.S. leader of Kadant PAAL; and project leader Eric Winkler of BHS. a zero waste future.” Monterey’s multi-material line processes 30 tph of commercial and residential Single Stream or 40 tph of commercial Mixed Materials, while the Construction and Demolition line handles 40 tph. The project occupies 100,000 square-feet of the District’s campus, which includes the SMARTFERM anaerobic digestion (AD) system. According to Kadant PAAL, this first-of-its-kind system on California’s Central Coast will provide the regional building industry with compliance for the CalGreen 65 percent diversion mandate for new construction. It will also provide the incremental diversion necessary for the surrounding community to meet the state’s 75 percent recycling goal by 2020. This article was provided by Kadant PAAL.

AI-powered robotic MAX AQC2 now available from BHS for paper sorting applications BHS’ Max-AI AQC product line has expanded with the release of AQC-2, designed for paper sorting applications. Max-AI technology employs artificial intelligence to make material identification and selection decisions and employs highspeed robotic sorters to carry out sorting. The AQC-2 is designed to sort at higher speeds, compared to manual sorting, for recovering cardboard, containers and plastic film, and for removing contamination. Earlier this year, in collaboration with subsidiary NRT (National Recovery Technologies), BHS also announced the launch of new technology that provides MRF operators with unprecedented levels of information. The new MaxAI Visual Identification System (VIS) is powered by Max-AI technology and provides real time material identification.

STEINERT introduces UniSort Film sorter Steinert US recently introduced the UniSort Film sensor sorter designed with the ability to efficiently and accurately sort paper, plastic film and bags. The challenge for sorting lightweight plastics and paper is the flyaway nature of the material, according to Steinert. The UniSort addresses this challenge with its stateof-the-art Active Object Control (AOC) System. The AOC is a stabilizing system which controls the way material is sent through the equipment for sorting, keeping it from getting trapped in the machinery and causing damage. Using air injection at the beginning of the process allows the material to be spread out before it reaches the belt, resulting in higher purity and recovery of the end product. As such, Steinert says the UniSort Film provides automatic sorting of film fractions with higher throughput rate and substantially improved sorting results compared to standard machines not equipped with AOC, and it opens the door to sorting functions previously unavailable with standard technology.

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MRF systems & components TSI demos new LIBS Sorting System at ISRI

CP Group introduces anti-wrapping Auger Screen CP Group has announced its newest screening technology, the CP Auger Screen. According to the company, this marks the industry’s first true antiwrapping, non-blinding screen for material recovery facilities. The CP Auger Screen sizes material by using a series of cantilevered augers that do not wrap or jam due to their corkscrewing motion, making it extremely low-maintenance. Any material that could wrap, such as hoses or plastic film, are released off the end of the auger. Its low-wear augers are made from abrasion-resistant steel, making them durable while requiring little to no maintenance. When placed in front of the pre-sort, the CP Auger Screen dramatically decreases volumes. When used as a scalping machine, the CP Auger Screen fractionates the stream into an over five-inch stream and an under five-inch stream while keeping rigid materials together. Earlier this year, CP Group also introduced the LightsOut Air Drum Separator, a turnkey, low-maintenance solution, designed to clean mixed broken glass generated from MRFs.

TSI Chemlogix showcased the new ChemLine Aluminum Scrap Sorting System during ISRI 2018. This new, patented in-line process LIBS sensor is the first LIBS system that will sort aluminum alloys with capacity up to five tph, according to TSI. The ChemLine LIBS sensor analyzes the elemental concentration of each scrap piece and sorting occurs based on actual concentrations. The system’s high-speed, highpowered laser burns through contamination and coatings and processes up to five tph of shredded metal. This proven solution can accurately sort scrap faster, including Mg from Al and wrought from cast Al. “With an industrial sorting system based on the ChemLine sensor, this new LIBS reality will allow customers to sort Al alloys automatically,” said Todd Hardwick, Global Marketing Manager at TSI Chemlogix.

TOMRA debuts SHARP EYE technology for new Autosort LOD at NPE 2018 TOMRA’s recently introduced Autosort LOD (laser object detection) system (shown right) is now available with Sharp Eye technology, which introduces a larger lens for higher light intensity. Designed with the capability to separate singlelayer PET trays from PET bottles, TOMRA Sorting Recycling unveiled the new technology at NPE 2018, the Plastics Show, held in Orlando, May 7–8. According to the company, Sharp Eye enhances their Autosort’s previous capability to separate multilayer trays. The key to this technology, according to TOMRA, is an enhancement of their Flying Beam technology, which focuses only on the area of the conveyor belt being scanned. Allowing a wide range of calibration possibilities, this can distinguish even the finest molecular differences in materials flowing down the recycling line. Combined with the new Sharp Eye technology, TOMRA says it is possible to detect even the most difficult-to-distinguish properties. TOMRA introduced the new AUTOSORT LOD in early 2018, a laser object detection system that sorts based on

42 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

the feed material’s spectral and spatial characteristics, and detects impurities that near-infrared technology (NIR) is incapable of identifying. AUTOSORT LOD cost-efficiently sorts glass as well as plastic material and black plastic from paper, significantly boosting product quality. In addition, foreground detection technology ensures the laser beam only identifies material above the belt, reducing background noise and giving operations the flexibility to use any type of belt feeder for the circuit.

RevX-E Eddy Current Separator now available with Quick Change Belt System The latest generation of the Eriez RevX-E product line, which was on display at ISRI 2018 as well as Waste Expo 2018, combines the high-performance separation of previous models with a variety of maintenance-friendly enhancements, including an innovative cantilever frame design that enables 10-minute belt changes. Designed for the separation of nonferrous metals, the RevX-E ECS is ideally suited for an array of applications, including ASR processing, purifying glass cullet and plastics and nonferrous recovery from bottom ash. Units are available in 1-, 1.2- and 1.5-metre widths and can be configured with a heavy-duty vibratory feeder, feeder support framework, separation shroud/splitter and controls for turnkey installation.


ZenRobotics Fast Picker reinforces line of sorting robots ZenRobotics recently announced the latest addition to their line of intelligent waste sorting robots – the Fast Picker for light material. The new robot model couples the intelligent software with high-speed picking. Designed to improve the efficiency of MRF’s, ZenRobotics says their Fast Picker is ideal for lightweight material such as packaging (LWP) and dry mixed recyclables (DMR). ZenRobotics Fast Picker allows autonomous picking 24/7 and increases recovery while maintaining high purity in recyclables. It’s easily integrated to side streams, reject recovery lines and quality control after optical sorting. Units feature robust and compact design and can be retrofitted to different conveyor widths, fitting most picking stations without modifications.

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MRF systems & components Machinex introduces SamurAI sorting robot at Waste Expo and IFAT 2018 Machinex presented its new sorting robot, the SamurAI, at Waste Expo in Las Vegas, April 24–26, and at IFAT 2018, held in Munich in May. Featuring a unique fourarticulation robot, this new machine employs superior artificial intelligence (AI) technology to identify materials for accurate, positive product recovery or as a precise quality control function. The AI operates according to a predetermined order of task hierarchy to maximize financial return for operators, while continually improving and learning from experience to ensure maximum recognition efficiency. According to Machinex, compared to a human sorter, which achieves an average of 35 picks per minute, the SamurAI doubles this average by reaching 70 picks per minute. The SamurAI has also been designed to accommodate sorting conveyor width up to 48 inches, while offering a modular design for multiple robot configuration.


New REDWAVE 2i provides intelligent sensor-based sorting

REDWAVE 2i has been equipped with new interactive “intelligence” which can not only be used directly on the sorting machine, but also anywhere, anytime on mobile devices and computers in real time. This development of advanced human-machine-computer communication and access to realtime analytics and statistics provides the ability to monitor, control and optimize sorting processes at any time, according to RedWave, 2i’s Austriabased manufacturer. In addition, REDWAVE 2i uses Sensor Fusion for optimized sorting quality, and up to six different fractions can be sorted to high quality with a single machine.

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44 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

Available in North America from Van Dyk Recycling Solutions, the latest nonwrapping Lubo Systems 440 Screen provides increased agitation, allowing it to maintain peak performance for an entire shift and outperform traditional screens. Its larger-style stars resist wrapping and incur less wear and tear. According to Van Dyk, customers report cleaning times as short as ten minutes and a vast improvement in the quality of their paper and container streams. The image above shows the screen after a six-hour shift at 30 tph. The non-wrapping 440 Screen can be retrofit into any system.

Raising the standards tightening purity targets have the industry searching for new markets and equipment solutions by Rick Zettler, with contribution by TOMRA Sorting Recycling


he recycling industry is in the midst of a seismic market shift. The world’s largest importer of recycled material, and arguably the world’s dumping ground for material with impurities, China, has said “enough” as it grapples with domestic environmental issues. This has companies around the world struggling to adapt to a new recycling industry paradigm. According to the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) approximately 31 percent of U.S. scrap exports, valued at more than $5.6 billion, were shipped to mainland China in 2017. China also accounted for 51 percent of the world’s plastics scrap imports and historically has been the largest importer of North America’s recyclables.

Rising to the challenge

Some importers in China are exploring ways to adapt to the new purity standards and restrictions. “Pelletizing is now a hot topic in China, since pellets are still allowed for import,” comments Boxiao Qin, sales manager, China, for TOMRA Sorting, Inc. “Additionally, many of the larger companies are searching for new opportunities outside of China, with some starting recycling facilities in the United States.” While this is an option for larger players, Qin sees the new market extremely challenging for smaller companies in China to survive. Rather than searching for alternative solutions, Carlos Manchado Atienza, regional director Americas for TOMRA, is challenging the industry and recycling

operations to look for ways to improve the quality of recyclables by removing more impurities. “We must recycle smarter,” he says. “If we focus on the environmental perspective, it makes no sense to send heavily contaminated recyclables around the world. Today, the technology exists to deliver values for food grades in PET recycling of less than 50 parts per million, practically reaching the quality of virgin material, and we can do the same with many other resources.”

Looking for Options

Historically, China and other countries accepted material with purity levels ranging from 90 to 95 percent or, conversely, impurity levels as high as 10 percent. Recycling companies equipped their facilities with circuits that included sensor-based, optical, laser and other automated machines combined with manual pickers as the last line of defence to remove impurities and meet these standards.

When investing in new equipment to meet rising purity standards, consider the cost for both valueadded technology – such as optical sorting equipment – and non-valueadded technology or equipment. This dramatic purity standard shift to 99 percent or greater by the market’s largest importer has recycling and scrap facilities in many countries looking for other outlets for their second-life products. However, finding a singlecountry replacement for China, which had imported a majority of the world’s plastics scrap, is not practical. If a recycling facility chooses not to increase purity levels of its finished product, then the material will have to be split between multiple countries, increasing sales costs. At the same time, the glut of recycled material on the market is placing severe downward pressure on commodity prices. Some material prices have May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


MRF systems & components

already dropped sharply as the market adjusts to these new restrictions. Adding insult to misery, companies should expect shipping costs to increase, as ships previously sent directly to China were quickly returned to the originating country, loaded with consumer goods for sale. Margin challenges aside, operations deciding to seek out alternative markets rather than upgrading the facility do have options. Potential lies near China in developing Southeast Asia countries such as Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia. Also, India and South America are alternatives to receive the thousands-oftons-per-year of recyclables left stranded by new China restrictions. Alternatively, large markets such as North America can look to more longterm solutions by further developing and enhancing the internal market for paper, plastics, ferrous and nonferrous recycled material. While requiring substantial investment to develop new and more powerful market models to properly manage the market’s waste resources, it would deliver a competitive boost to the market and advance sustainability efforts.

Investment Analysis

For companies weighing the balance between increasing product purity and finding new markets, serious consideration must be given to the investment in new equipment, installation downtime and ongoing operating costs. “At the end of the day in the nonferrous markets, the decision comes down

46 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

It is advantageous for recycling facilities to partner with technology experts and plant designers that have the expertise to ensure all plant upgrade goals are achieved. to cost-per-pound to process the material compared to the price they can get for the product,” says TOMRA’s Eric Thurston. While Manchado Atienza agrees with Thurston, he offers another consideration the industry must factor into the equation as it moves forward in today’s market environment. “Companies can seek out alternative markets for their products, but we should always work to improve quality to avoid encountering a ban similar to China’s from another market,” he says.

adding pickers or upgrading the circuit

An alternative to investing in equipment is to slow down the belt and add manual pickers to the final sorting stage for removing impurities. With a low initial investment and little to no plant downtime for circuit upgrades, it may appear to be an appealing alternative to equipment. However, this solution results in significant increases in longterm operating costs. Mid-size facilities processing approximately 10 tph of recycled material will, on average, employ two pickers, whereas large operations will use five to eight pickers for processing 45 to 90 tph of material.

“Depending on the location, U.S. recycling facilities typically figure a picker’s salary from $35,000 to $50,000 per year when determining costs,” explains Thurston. If adding overhead to pull impurities from the final product doesn’t make financial sense for the operation, then upgrading the circuit either through constructing a new facility or adding new technologies to the recycling configuration is another option. Building a new facility, however, can take months and cost millions of dollars. The more economical route is to work with experts focused on sorting technologies and offering global experience to investigate what equipment upgrades are necessary to meet more stringent standards. This option can often be done at a fraction of the time and cost of building new. Depending on the type, age and condition of the equipment, recycling operations can expect to invest $180,000 to $360,000 in equipment to increase purity levels required to meet more stringent regulations like National Sword. “Companies need to be aware of the cost for both the value-added and non-value-added equipment for new technology integration,” offers Thurston. “Look for value-added equipment that can be easily integrated into the existing circuit. Otherwise, the cost for conveyors and other non-value-added additions can add up quickly.” There are potential side benefits to adding new technology to the circuit. This approach can reduce the number of pickers required to remove impurities, giving operations options for more efficient workforce utilization to reduce overhead and long-term operating costs, resulting in a short ROI for the new equipment. However, not all technology upgrades are equal, and recycling operations must investigate closely into which works the best to meet established purity goals. Some upgrades require complete circuit add-ons, which demand more time and cost, additional non-value added equipment, and more space. Other technologies can be added onto existing equipment in the circuit, saving space and installation costs

In addition to the cost of new technology, equipment lead-time and plant downtime should also be factored into the investment equation. With recycling operations focused on circuit upgrades to meet tightening standards, equipment lead-times have lengthened. “The time from when the equipment is ordered to when it arrives can range from 12 to 20 weeks, and the plant builder will require an additional one to two weeks for installation,” says Thurston. Amy Guan, sales engineer for TOMRA, recommends that a facility work closely with technology experts to make sure all the upgrade goals are met. “The goal is to upgrade the equipment in order to meet these stringent standards, and technology experts and plant designers will have the expertise to make this a reality,” she says. “The last thing a facility wants to do is make equipment upgrades that don’t meet goals and have the cost associated with a shipment rejected for not meeting purity standards.”

advises Manchado Atienza. Whether adding new technology, more stages with existing technology or increasing the number of pickers to upgrade purity, Thurston reminds recycling and scrap facility operators to consider upgrading the entire circuit. “Now is the time to look at all components to see if upgrades are needed to make the process more efficient,” he recommends.

“Consult with your equipment supplier to analyze all circuit components including shredders, magnets, screens, conveyors, optical sorters, electromagnetic sensors, etc. to make sure all are working well together efficiently.” Because in the end, improving the final product that facilities offer customers is not only about advancing the recycling industry, it’s also about making money. RPN


Recycling Smarter

Sorting equipment manufacturers are introducing a host of new products to help recycling operations stay ahead of the purity curve. Suppliers have recently introduced air systems and laser detectors, to supplement NIR technology that does not sort all impurities from waste paper and cardboard. As a result, many equipment manufacturers and plant designers are upgrading their test facilities, so customers can ensure new technology added to their circuit will remove impurities and attain the desired purity from their feed material. The main impurities left behind by existing sorting circuits that manual pickers must remove are black items, such as plastics and rubber, as well as glass. Recycling facilities must closely examine the main impurities and determine the right technology that will work best without significantly increasing processing costs. “Technology is the crucial investment to achieve all new regulations, as well as future requirements, so recycling operations must choose a partner focused on continuing product developments to respond to evolving market needs,”

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May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


C&D REcycling

From C&D to single-stream Calgary’s ECCO REcycling has successfully integrated commercial single-stream processing into their existing C&D MRF footprint

ECCO’s new three-bay pre-sort line where workers manually remove trash (including plastic film), rigid plastics and metals. by Larry Trojak


hen Calgary-based ECCO Recycling decided to grow its business, it did so by taking on the processing of single stream materials – mixed plastics, paper, OCC, metals, and other materials – from both residential and commercial sources. What made that effort more challenging than most, however, was the decision to add their single-stream processing capability within their existing, high production C&D MRF footprint. Thanks to a combination of good planning, open communication, skilled craftsmen and solid equipment performance, what seemed at first impossible became suddenly doable. As a result, ECCO Recycling has augmented its 100,000 tons per year of C&D material

48 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

with a solid 16,000 tons of single stream material and is eyeing substantial future growth.

Roots in Landfills

Having recently. celebrated its 25th year in business, ECCO Recycling’s origins belie what it is today. According to Bryan McCulloch, ECCO’s manager of corporate development, little of what the company does today can be traced back to its roots. “The partners who started the company worked for a major environmental engineering firm,” he said. “At one point, the City of Calgary announced the closure of a landfill located directly alongside our current location. So the partners proposed handling the closure of the old site, then starting up and managing a new Class-3 landfill. That was the start of ECCO Recycling and

because the main material coming into the new site was wood – encouraged by a greatly reduced tipping fee – that became our first recycling operation.” As the stream of wood grew, ECCO began hand-separating some of the better mixed loads and grinding it on the landfill face, initially finding a market for the ground material as animal bedding. “That grew rapidly,” said McCulloch. “Soon afterward, we purchased a colourizing machine and a bagger and started selling coloured mulch for bigbox store sales – it really grew quickly.”

Evolutionary Moves

ECCO’s next transition – from landfill-based wood recycler to C&D MRF operator – was the result of a contract with a major cement manufacturer to initiate a waste-to-energy program to supply fuel for their kiln. That all

changed very quickly however, said McCulloch. “Shortly after we started generating the fuel product, the cement manufacturer decided to improve on the design of its kiln and locate the recycling system alongside it – a move that was projected to take years. So we reacted to that move by switching our fuel plant to a MRF that was functional, but somewhat limited in scope.” With their MRF operational, ECCO began to see a dramatic increase in the volumes of plastics and old corrugated cardboard (OCC) coming into its facility, which was well equipped for wood and other C&D material – but not equipped to deal with residential stream material in large quantities. It became obvious that a redesign of the MRF was needed. “Not only did we need to add some capabilities to our existing system, we needed to do so within the confines of an already-crowded facility,” said McCulloch. “Sparta Manufacturing had been helpful and had good ideas in the past when we were looking to make some system upgrades. So we reached out to them and began discussions to design a singlestream system alongside (but completely separate from) our C&D line. “We explained the need to get it done quickly, to do so with minimal

disruptions to the operation and, most importantly, to make it fit in our existing footprint. Despite all those demands – or maybe because of the challenges – they took the job.”

Small Space. Big Demands

Though ECCO had a total floor area of more than 500,000 square feet, much of that area was already taken by the existing C&D line, wood grinding operation, tip areas for a variety of materials, baling operation and bale storage. “The challenge of adding a singlestream processing system within its existing MRF was primarily one of how to best utilize the available space,” according to Howard Fiedler, Sparta’s vice president of sales. “Teams from both ECCO and our group worked closely to optimize every inch of available space to this single-stream operation. Sparta is a heavily engineering-oriented company, and as such, enjoys the challenge of optimizing limited space in its system design. While the equipment combination and process flow were generally clear, the way in which to best achieve their goals without compromising ECCO’s existing recycling operation took the art of planning and open communication to another level.”

From Left: Bryan McCulloch, ECCO Recycling’s manager of corporate development, and Howard Fiedler, Sparta Manufacturing. During the design phase, 30 to 40 different iterations of the single sort recycling (SSR) line were proposed. In most cases, said McCulloch, they would immediately call Sparta, telling

May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


C&D REcycling ECCO Recycling’s Sparta in-line two-deck OCC screen, separating large OCC from other smaller (9-inch minus) materials. The larger OCC is carried over the top of the unit’s disc screens and onto a 72-inch-wide baler feed conveyor, while the smaller fraction passes through the disc openings. them they needed to see a revision as quickly as possible. “Sparta would send us a rendering of the change, created in a CAD-based solids 3D modelling program. We would gather around a table to look at it with them on the line and tell them what, if any, additional changes were needed,” said McCulloch. “We got that same level of cooperation throughout the project; that was precisely what we were looking for in an equipment supplier.”

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To the Finish(ed) Line

With customers already lined up and awaiting word for when ECCO could begin accepting their material, the company needed a smooth construction of the SSR line – and got it. According to Craig Rasmussen, ECCO’s operations manager, getting equipment installed efficiently was key. “The system came to us in the exact order in which we had to set it up,” Rasmussen said. “So, as each component came in, we could erect it and by the time those trucks were done, we were generally ready for the next truck to roll in. Logistically, it could not have gone any smoother. “We had the SSR line up and running in two weekends. We did a Saturday/Sunday install, received the balance of the equipment during the week and by the end of that second weekend we were done and making adjustments.”

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Today, ECCO customers – almost exclusively haulers bringing material from throughout Calgary and several small adjacent townships – pass through a scale house, and have their load classified according to material type. “We have a number of different price codes to incentivize customer to separate out some things,” said McCulloch. “So, while our tip rate is $120, our intake for clean wood is only $30. We still do about 100,000 tons of that per year versus about 16,000 tons of the single-sort.” Materials are dumped on to the tipping floor where each truckload goes through a pre-processing step to remove anything which could be deemed unrecoverable or hazardous. It is then taken by loader to be stockpiled and loaded into the hopper at the start of the SSR line. “If we have a load that is extremely clean – OCC or plastics, for example – we can send it up a separate feed conveyor system to bypass the SSR and be baled directly,” said McCulloch. “However, the majority of mixed material gets loaded in the hopper of our 72-inch-wide combo belt feed conveyor, runs under a metering drum to help level the flow, and heads onto the pre-sort line. There, workers on our three-bay pre-sort line manually remove trash (including plastic film), rigid plastics and metals, dropping it through chutes and into bunkers beneath the line for subsequent baling or disposal of trash.”

The balance of material moves on to a Sparta in-line two-deck OCC screen which removes large OCC from other smaller (9-inch minus) materials. The larger OCC is carried over the top of the unit’s disc screens and onto a 72-inch wide baler feed conveyor, allowing the smaller fraction to pass through the disc openings. On either side of the baler feed conveyor is a QC/sort position which allows for visual inspection and manual removal of any large non-OCC material, thereby helping ensure the cleanliness of the OCC headed to ECCO’s high production single-ram Harris baler.

ditional volumes can be accommodated. “We have our eyes on additional tonnage but there comes a point at which it is not economical to transport it in from far outlying areas,” said McCulloch. “So, we are looking at options such as building additional transfer stations in order to bring in more to this facility. The bottom line is, thanks to a great effort with Sparta on the new SSR, we now have the

infrastructure to efficiently handle single sort recyclables. And, since we already know that we can beat out some of our competition, we are poised for growth and excited as we move forward.” Larry Trojak is a Minnesota-based writer who has created content for the recycling, demolition, construction, wastewater and geopositioning markets.


Making the Grade

Material that passes through the discs of the two-deck OCC screen is collected and conveyed to a ballistic separator, which mechanically separates 2D (flat) material from 3D (shaped) material. At this point in the system, this “unders” material stream is primarily comprised of containers/cans, mixed paper and fines. The 2D fraction – mostly mixed paper – discharges off the end of the ballistic separator and onto a paper QC/ sort conveyor, where contaminants can be removed, and small cardboard can be positively sorted if desired. The cleaned up mixed paper is later directly fed to the Harris baler via Sparta’s main line bypass baler feed system. The 3D fraction, mostly mixed plastics (including drink containers) and cans, rolls down the ballistic separator, and is conveyed beneath a cross-belt magnet which mechanically captures steel and tin cans, then onto a manual container sort line. Here, ECCO has innovatively set up large space-efficient totes to temporarily store manually picked PET (water and soda bottles), HDPE (laundry detergent containers and the like), clear water and milk jugs and aluminum cans. When enough of each commodity has been collected, these 3D recyclables are baled.

Poised for Growth

ECCO is currently taking in about 200 trucks of single-stream waste from residential haulers per day but, as minor tweaks are made to the system, McCulloch feels efficiencies are certain to rise, throughputs will further increase and ad-


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Equipment Focus: shredders Komptech’s TERMINATOR Type V pre-shredder introduced at IFAT With the new Terminator Type V preshredder, introduced at IFAT 2018, held May 14-18 in Munich, Komptech says their Terminator family of shredders has become even more flexible and versatile, in terms of application areas as well as machine features. According to Komptech, the Terminator Type V slow-speed singleshaft pre-shredder is one of their most comprehensive new developments, adding that the “V” stands for “versatile,” not just in terms of the materials this machine can handle, but also with respect to its very wide range of applications. Komptech says the focus during development was on users who need to process many different materials, be they household or commercial waste, biomass

or used wood. Units feature high throughput, while shredding teeth were made about 50 percent higher, ideal for processing biomass which requires more aggressive shredding to ensure active and steady material intake. According to Komptech, from the user perspective, as well as from a technical point of view, a concept of modularity played a major role in the Terminator Type V development, along with a design for easy replacement of all major components. In an IFAT press release, Komptech said the company’s development engineers “succeeded in integrating all future variants into the basic layout, which guarantees maximum flexibility for customers, since they

can combine individual components to get a machine that exactly meets their needs.” In addition, with the Type V, for the first time an optional reshredding unit under the drum is available, which greatly expands the range of possible grain sizes. Also presented this year at IFAT, Komptech’s new Axtor 4510 shredder, which weighs only 19 tonnes (with all options) and is designed for easy transport. The new Axtor 4510 rounds out the Axtor series, and like its big brothers, the Axtor 6010 and 8012, this machine can shred as well as chip, ideally designed for wood and green cuttings. Plus, with its two-axle configuration, the Axtor 4510 provides great maneuverability.

Vecoplan develops stable singleshaft model for technical plastics

Metso announces Alloy Hammer series and Metrics solution AT IFAT 2018 in May, Metso made several key announcements. The company has developed a new Alloy Hammer series for use in Lindemann branded shredders, and launched the Metso Metric Solution for mobile M&J pre-shredders. According to Metso their new Metso Metric cloud-based, remote monitoring and real-time data visualization service gives operators near real-time access to critical data and insights into a shredders’ operational performance and maintenance needs. The new special alloy, cast steel hammer series was developed with the goal of extending hammer lifetime and providing substantially enhanced efficiency.

52 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

Following the introduction of the enhanced VAZ 1600 XL model shredder, Vecoplan recently launched a robust singleshaft shredder specifically designed for hard, technical plastics, including polyethylene and polypropylene. The new Vecoplan Heavy Duty (VHD 1600 T) effortlessly processes hard plastics, almost regardless of size and weight. Equipped with an energyefficient HiTorc drive, this machine accelerates rapidly and develops high torque, is remarkably efficient and achieves a high throughput. Vecoplan says they developed the VHD 1600 T in close collaboration with customers, and that users can feed material directly, without metering, almost regardless of size and weight. With its design based on the powerful, reliable VAZ 1600 XL, Vecoplan says they re-engineered almost all components in the VHD 1600 T model to be more robust and reinforced, including a thick-walled, ribbed machine housing, reinforced side walls and stronger machine base for powerful, fault-free operation with maximum service life.

New partnership to bring ARJES’ line of slow-speed shredders and crushers to Bandit customers globally Bandit Industries Inc. and Germany-based ARJES GmbH recently announced their partnership to bring ARJES’ line of slow-speed shredders and crushers to Bandit customers worldwide. Bandit is adding ARJES’ select models of slowspeed industrial shredders and stone crushers to its lineup of heavy-duty equipment that includes The Beast horizontal grinders, whole tree chippers and track carriers. “ARJES equipment fits perfectly in our full product line,” said Bandit sales manager Jason Morey. “ARJES believes in the same principles that guide Bandit Industries – build machines strong and stand behind customers every step of the way. It’s what both of our companies have done – Bandit for 35 years, and ARJES for more than 10 years – and it’s what we’ll continue to do.” According to Bandit, the ARJES VZ 950 Titan slow-speed shredder can handle nearly any material. The 950 comes standard with a Volvo 700 hp Bandit Tier 4 Final engine. Special designs help these shredders operate more efficiently than the competition, stretching out every gallon of fuel and extending the life of cutting tools. The VZ 950 Titan can handle everything from waste wood and logs to domestic and industrial waste and scrap metal/car bodies.


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Equipment Focus: shredders New generation INVENTHOR Type 9 among latest models and updates from Doppstadt Introduced at IFAT 2018 in May, Doppstadt’s new INVENTHOR Type 9 is the first machine in an entirely new generation of Doppstadt shredders. From the company’s SMART SHREDDING LINE, the Inventhor Type 9 is a new high-performance machine that brings together innovative mechanical developments, control and regulation systems, and a brand new noise emissions concept, according to Doppstadt, which says they have created an environmentally friendly cost-effective one-stop solution for the recycling sector. Thanks to its modular service-oriented construction and range of suspension variants, this machine is equally suited to use as a stationary fixture or as a mobile unit. Since the fall of 2017, Doppstadt has announced several other new shredder models and updates to its line, including the DW 308 Rhino, the largest in its class, the AK 310 EcoPower unit (the smallest shredder in Doppstadt’s line)

and updates to the DZ 750 Combi Universal shredder. The new DW 308 Rhino single-shaft shredder is ideal for applications handling up to and more than 40 tph of a wide range of waste material from C&D and organics to railway sleepers, while the new AK 310 EcoPower shredder is designed to be a compact (total weight 16 tonnes) versatile shredder with exceptional mobility.

Neuenhauser enters slow-speed shredder market with Targo 3000 On display in North America for the first time at Waste Expo 2018 in April, the Targo 3000 universal single-shaft shredder is an expansion of Germany-based manufacturer Neuenhauser’s screenplant product line into the slow-speed shredder market. The Targo 3000 unit features a 535-hp John Deere Tier 4 engine with a threemetre-long shredder shaft that rotates at 31 rpm and is equipped with either 21 or 42 bolt-on teeth. One of the unique features of the Targo 3000 is its direct drive system – the shredder shaft is driven directly off the engine via v-belts and a flywheel. According to Neuenhauser, this drive method ensures maximum energy transfer from the engine to the shredder shaft for maximum throughput at the lowest fuel consumption in comparison to hydraulic-drive machines. An available BioPower setup with 42 teeth (shown below right) and a highly aggressive stump package shaft setup, are specifically tailored for wood waste, compost and mulch industries. Both of these setups have been designed to take the place of a high-speed unit as the primary grinder. The Targo 3000 is available as a wheeled or track unit. With different tooth configurations and an adjustable hydraulic comb, units can be set up to process a variety of materials, including C&D, stumps, green waste, domestic and industrial waste.

54 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

The latest DZ 750 Combi universal shredder is designed for increased power and a longer service life. This model update features a new, efficient drive unit, higher metal separation rate, an intelligent hydraulic control system, and new 700-hp Volvo Penta engine. The DZ 750 Combi shredder is designed to handle the widest range of material, including contaminated waste.

Lindner Urraco series The Urraco 95 DK (shown here as a transparent representation of the actual model) is a diesel-powered shredder with 770 hp and capacity over 100 tph, when processing C&D or similar waste. The shafts can easily be exchanged to accommodate other materials, including cars, engines and other scrap metal. According to Lindner, the modular design of the Urraco allows for many configurations, including diesel or electric drives, chain track, hook lift or stationary. For applications that require less capacity, Lindner also offers the Urraco 75 model, ideal for applications that require 20 to 70 tph output.

Ecotec introduces all-new TBG 630 high-speed shredder at IFAT

Ecotec displayed their recently unveiled TDS 820 slow-speed shredder and introduced the new TBG 630 High Speed Shredder for the first time at IFAT 2018 in May. The TDS 820 model (shown) is purpose-built to process all types of material, featuring independently driven shafts and customizable shredding programs designed to allow operators to configure the machine to specific requirements, reduce material wrapping and maximize production. The new TBG 630 high-speed shredder has been designed to give operators high production rates and ease of maintenance. According to Terex Ecotec, it excels in all high-speed applications and is particularly well suited to waste wood processing and green waste shredding. The openfronted feeder uses heavy-duty drag chains, a powerful feed wheel and an unrestricted feeder design to effectively utilize its 1,100-mm-diameter by 1,750-mm-wide swinging hammer rotor. Other key features of the new TBG 630 model include: a robust rotor with a wide selection of hammer designs, customizable screens and an intelligent screen opening system to quickly discharge contaminants.

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commodity focus: paper

cartons in

the mix Recovered Polycoated aseptic and gable top carton prices have been up and down since the introduction of Grade #52 – and their future looks bright By Keith Barker, Editor



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olycoated cartons, both aseptic (shelf-stable) and gable top (refrigerated) were given their own ISRI Paper Stock Industry (PSI) classification – PSI Grade #52 – in 2011. According to Isabelle Faucher, managing director of the Carton Council of Canada (CCC) this was a milestone for the industry. “We consider it a milestone because it gave cartons recognition as a standalone grade, with ISRI being the key reference body for the specifications,” says Faucher. She says the benefits of a dedicated grade are two-fold. “There’s the environmental aspect and the economic one,” she says. “From an environmental standpoint, there’s a maximization of the actual yield of fibre when cartons are pulped for recycling on their own, as opposed to being processed with other fibres. From an economic standpoint, the price paid for cartons as a standalone grade, since 2011, has been more stable and consistent.” According to Jason Pelz, vice president of recycling projects, Carton Council of North America (of which CCC is a part), since PSI Grade #52 as a commodity was created, the Carton Council’s focus has been to grow end markets wherever possible. “Over the last six to eight months the market for Grade #52 has really grown,” remarks Pelz. “More companies are seeing the value of cartons for the quality fibre and the poly and aluminum fractions.” Plus, he says cartons can compete with more established grades as demands change. “Grade #52 is a good replacement for sorted office paper,” he says as an example. “While some fibre commodities go down in availability, #52 is readily available, offering good fibre, as well as plastic and aluminum content, that can be used in a variety of emerging end markets.”

The price paid for grade #52

A look at Ontario commodity price trends over the last two years, using the Continuous Improvement Fund (CIF) Price Sheet (www.thecif.ca/cfprice-sheet) reveals an initial rise in the commodity price of Grade #52 coming out of 2016, with a high of $120 CDN/ tonne in February 2017. The price was down below $40/tonne by the end of the year, and in March 2018 remained close at $42/tonne. Looking back further, CIF data shows #52 prices went from an average of about $57/tonne in 2011, to about $114/tonne in 2016. The price paid for the grade has been similar throughout North America as a whole during this same time period. “The price of Grade #52 in North America dropped through 2017,” confirms Pelz, “but there has been a steady increase since November. Currently, the price for Grade #52 varies from a low of about $40 to $45/tonne to a high of $80 to $85/tonne, FOB shipping point” [the price at the seller’s dock].

“Domestically and globally, markets for Grade #52 are growing,” he continues, adding that the U.S. has multiple major domestic buyers of cartons currently, both new and established, and countries including Mexico, Japan, Korea and Thailand are steadily increasing the amount of Grade #52 they are buying. “There have been issues over the last few years with some mills being overcapacity, and so #52 was not moving,” adds Faucher. “But now that we have had new markets come online in North America, and those issues seem to have been resolved, we’re confident that we’re going to see the price continue to rise.”

Minimal Effects from China’s scrap import policies

With respect to the scrap import restrictions that have come in to play from China over the last year, Faucher and Pelz agree – it has little direct effect on the market for recovered Grade #52.



Breaking down the polycoated carton – PSI Grade #52 Polycoated cartons are made with long, bleached virgin fibres. Aseptic (shelf-stable) cartons are made from approximately 74 percent fibre, while gable top (refrigerated) cartons are about 80 percent fibre. About 20 percent of both types of polycoated carton, is polymer plastic, and aseptic cartons also contain about four percent aluminum. Recovered cartons most commonly get recycled into tissue, paper towelling and writing paper, with building materials as an emerging end market. At this point #52 does not have a closed-loop solution, whereby used cartons are turned into new cartons.


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commodity focus: paper “There are no buyers, no recyclers of cartons in China, that I’m aware of, so it’s not affecting us directly,” Faucher says. She admits however that there is some indirect impact, simply because of the extremely high purity levels set by China on mixed paper. “Cartons are considered a contaminant, along with many other non-mixed paper items that may be in mixed paper bales,” she notes. Pelz agrees that the restricted import policies from China over the last year, have had minimal effect on the market for Grade #52 specifically. “Cartons have been affected indirectly by scrap import policies in China because everybody in the recycling industry has been affected,” says Pelz. “I don’t think there is a commodity out there that has not been affected somewhat by China’s recent changes in policy. But cartons, Grade #52, do not flow from the U.S. to China – they never have.”

Out of the “Mixed”

If one compares the market price for Grade #52 to Mixed Paper (referring again to the CIF Price Sheet for Ontario) it is notable that as of March 2018, Mixed Paper prices were around $18/tonne, well below the price for Grade #52. Its price as a commodity has tracked above mixed paper off and on since 2011, so this is not a huge surprise. It’s significant though because it makes the case for the value of increased sorting of Grade #52 from mixed streams – a practice the Carton Council of North America has promoted heavily from their start in 2009. “If a facility does not sort cartons, typically, they’ll put them in with the Mixed Paper. But recently the price paid for cartons has been higher than the price paid for Mixed Paper,” says Faucher. “In Ontario, currently we’re seeing Mixed Paper prices pretty close to zero, or negative. So cartons are worth more again, relatively.

A recently emerged end market for PSI Grade #52 is in the manufacture of building materials, including this wall panel from Iowa-based Re-Wall with high strength, durability and resistance to mould and moisture. “For those that don’t separate their Grade #52 from mixed paper, they are losing out on getting the highest value for a resource that continues to grow in demand.”

Moving forward ting Celebraars 25 Ye

58 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

At this year’s Canadian Waste Resource Symposium, held March 13–15 in Quebec City, Isabelle Faucher told delegates about the Carton Council of Canada’s comprehensive strategy to increase carton recycling across the country. She said the primary lever of the strategy is driving information and knowledge resources to the participants in the entire carton value chain, from consumers to recycling companies, to the brand-holders which use cartons to package their products. Faucher emphasized their endeavours in helping MRF operators improve performance at their facilities, pointing to the CCC’s work in sharing best practices and recent work with individual MRFs to determine their best solution for positive sorting – separating cartons from other materials to achieve maximum value. “Increasing consumer participation is also an important part of our comprehensive strategy,” said Faucher at the

For those that don’t separate

out their Grade #52 from Mixed Paper, they are losing out on getting the highest value for a resource that continues to grow in demand.” Isabelle Faucher

symposium in March. “The CCC wants to make sure consumers know cartons are recyclable and are empowered to recycle them. So, we engage with municipalities and other organizations focused on the benefits of recycling to promote this objective.” She says the CCC, as well as colleagues from the Carton Council of North America, are also working to help build and strengthen end markets. One example of a company whose recent product innovation has led to a growing domestic U.S. end market is Re-Wall. The Iowa-based company is using whole cartons to produce durable building and construction materials. (Shown opposite page.) “Re-Wall uses an environmentally friendly process, without water or chemicals, to create products that benefit from the strength, durability and resistance to mould and moisture of cartons,” says Faucher. “And they

recently expanded their facility, more than doubling capacity and increasing their demand for cartons. “The properties of cartons, the fact that they are resistant to humidity and resistant overall, are driving new applications, in addition to the traditional process of hydro-pulping at a mill, whereby cartons are turned into new paper-based products,” she continues. “The humble carton is a growing part of Canada’s packaging solutions. It offers safety and convenience for a wide range of fresh and shelf-stable consumer food products, and adds a high-value fibre resource to the mix of valuable materials collected in recycling programs. “Our goal is building and growing carton recycling, and we are proud that our efforts and those of our partners and stakeholders in the value chain are having an effect.” RPN

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May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


cover story Nicklin Auto – continued from page 28.

Denis Krajcar, owner of Nicklin Auto Parts & Recyclers.

“Everything was being maintained well and I didn’t have to employ anyone to break our tires down, separating the scrap tires from the rims. And we had a nice arrangement with our hauler. “My understanding is that the haulers were starting to get squeezed to the point where they weren’t making money,” Krajcar continues. “Our hauler got out of the business, and so we had to start hauling away tires ourselves. I’m on the hunt now for a tire crusher, a rim crusher. Nobody wants to do this anymore.” He says until 2007, customers would have to pay $5/tire for drop-off, and Nicklin would be charged $3 for tires to be hauled away. Since the Ontario used tires program was put in place, drop-off has been free and it has worked very well. “We have had a good tire recycling program in Ontario,” adds Krajcar. “Now, it looks like they are going to drop it. If the program’s working very well and everybody is happy, why change it?” “I was happy,” he continues. “But it comes to a point, like with everything, if you’re not making any money, you’re just going to stop doing it. I do hope they replace the used tires program with something equally as effective. “I don’t want to go back to Monday mornings, finding 20 tires scattered across my parking lot.” RPN

The Banff Centre for Arts and Creativity BANFF, ALBERTA

RECYCLE.AB.CA 60 Recycling Product News May/June 2018


uLY 2



Making Safety part of the scrap business

creating a positive safety culture in recycling means reducing risk

I by Tony Smith

It is through management commitment, employee engagement, good education and training, as well as hazard identification and prevention, that we create a solid foundation for a safety program to build upon.” Tony Smith

n April, while attending the ISRI 2018 conference in Las Vegas I sat in on an educational session titled “Implementing a Forward Looking Safety Program to Reduce Costs.” At the start of the session the speaker asked the group what the expression “good safety culture” meant to them. The answers varied from commitment and discipline to strength and leadership. I offered up to the group that I believed that safety culture is defined as the worst behaviour that your senior management is willing to accept. The management in this case can be the line supervisor, the plant manager, division manager, and even the company’s ownership. The worst behaviour that these leaders are willing to accept is what is going to set the tone of the culture of that business. And because safety is an important part of any business the way that the leadership of a company looks at this issue will set the safety culture tone. Especially in the operations and maintenance sectors of a company. Over the past decade the scrap recycling industry has seen a strong and continued focus on safety. The industry is known to be high hazard, and because of that all levels of the business have to be dedicated to the safety program in order for it to flourish and grow. Commitment from the top down is a critical element to make safety work and to weave it into the fabric of the company. But often times there is a disconnect at the mid-level of manage-

ment and downward when it comes to the company’s safety goals. What exactly are the company’s safety goals? We have all heard a business use the words “zero injuries” or “zero accidents” as the number one safety goal. This is a fallacy that needs to be discussed. While achieving a zero accident and injury rate is an attainable goal, you must first realize that safety is not about the absence of injury. Safety is about the reduction of risk. Of course we should all be striving for a zero accident and injury rate, but if you take a moment and focus your safety program on hazard recognition and reduction of those hazards and risks, then the safety metrics (i.e. injury and illness rates) will begin to show favourable results.

Creating a positive safety culture

There are many different ways to create a positive safety culture in your business. The supervisor, plant manager, and the division manager play a big role in the success of a company’s safety program. Getting tangible information to individuals that need it the most is important. Through education and training programs at your company you should be offering tools that are easy to relate to and understand for workers. “Tool box talks” or “tail gate meetings” are a simple yet effective way to bring safety discussions to line level employees. These tool box talk meetings are a three- to five-minute discussion on a legitimate issue that is currently, or has the potential to affect May/June 2018 www.recyclingproductnews.com


lastword boots-on-the-ground employees. Most businesses and the working groups within them conduct operations meetings every morning to discuss the business of the day, (i.e., what is being shipped, received, etc.) so why not take an extra three to five minutes to discuss a safety issue that could educate the employees. You will also find that these meetings can educate the leaders of the business on what the daily issues in the field are. This is a win-win for any operation. Another positive step towards an inclusive safety culture is to create and empower safety committees. A safety committee can be a big help in the development and promotion of the company safety program. The safety committee should be comprised of the working men and women who know the business at the operations and maintenance level. These folks are out in the operation every day. They have an understanding of how the business flows at the plant or worksite, and are the point of contact that can best help the safety program focus on matters in the field. Setting up self-inspection teams that are comprised of safety committee members can be a big help when it comes to hazard recognition

and risk reduction. Does your operation have a safety manager who is responsible for health and safety at your facility? Or, does your operation have a safety manager who is viewed as a resource to the business – because everyone is responsible for safety at the facility? Safety should be part of everyone’s responsibility. It is through management commitment, employee engagement, good education and training, as well as hazard identification and prevention, that we create a solid foundation for a safety program to build upon. A safe operation makes smart business sense. The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries will be holding its annual safety stand down day on Wednesday, June 13, 2018. On this day we are asking that businesses in the scrap recycling industries take at least one hour of their working day and dedicate it to safety leadership through hazard recognition or safety education and training sessions.

advertiser index

Gensco Equipment.........................49

OverBuilt Inc...................................27

Harris Equipment............................23

Paradigm Software.........................58

Advance Tire............................ 50

Herbold USA..................................39


American Baler........................ 56

Industrial Magnetics, Inc................43

Recycling Council of Alberta (RCA)..... 60

Bateman Manufacturing.......... 57

Industrial Netting............................57

Recycling Equipment Canada........41

Buffalo Turbine........................ 44

Kensal Carbide.................................4

R.M. Johnson.................................33

Calhoun................................... 51

Kobelco Construction Machinery..... 63


CP Group................................. 19


Sierra International Machinery.......64

Ecoverse.................................. 15

LBX Company..................................7


E-Crane................................... 53

Lefort North America LLC..............29

Van Dyk Recycling Solutions..........47

ELV Select............................... 35


VP Building Solutions.....................55

Exodus.................................... 36

Linder America...............................13

Waste & Recycling Expo Canada...59

Frontline Machinery................. 21

Mack Trucks.....................................3

While achieving a zero accident and injury rate is an attainable goal, you must first realize that safety is not about the absence of injury. Safety is about the reduction of risk.” Tony Smith

62 Recycling Product News May/June 2018

Tony Smith is ISRI’s director of safety outreach. For more information, including resources, contact isrisafety@isri.org.


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Recycling Product News May/June 2018, Volume 26, Number 4  

Recycling Product News May/June 2018, Volume 26, Number 4  

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