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Battery Safety and Handling

Hazards associated with industrial batteries

Hydrogen gas

Acid hazards

Electrical hazards

Hydrogen gas 

A by-product of the battery’s charging process

Highly flammable and explosive.

Highly combustible that poses extreme hazard to anything that comes in contact with it.

Oxygen and hydrogen are released after a cell attains 95% of its full charge, when charging.

Acid hazards 

Highly corrosive to anything organic, including skin.

Reacts violently with lesser volume of water.

Ph<2 (typically Sulfuric Acid)

Causes burns on skin and its fumes are injurious to eyes.

Electrical hazards 

Accidental shorting of terminals can result in several electrical arcing.

Exposed terminals, even on disconnected batteries, present an electric shock hazard.

Large short circuit currents might lead to fires.

Handling battery acid 

Always wear proper eye, face and hand protection.

Use non-metallic containers to handle concentrated liquids.

Use extreme caution while handling electrolyte and keep an acid neutralizing solution readily available as a precautionary measure.

If electrolyte is consumed internally drink large quantities of water or milk and do not induce vomiting.

User safety precautions 

When the battery is not in use, make sure you disconnect the battery from the battery connector.

Never disassemble a battery as the materials inside are mostly toxic and might damage skin and clothes.

Don’t leave the battery in the charger after it is fully charged.

Never place batteries in water as it may cause the battery to rupture and release toxic gases.

Other safety precautions ď&#x192;&#x2019;

Never solder anything directly to a battery as it may destroy the safety features of a battery.


Never attempt to charge a battery that has been physically damaged.

Prevention is always better than cure, so take the necessary precautions and “stay safe, work safe”.

Battery – safety and handling  

Here are some facts associated with correct battery handling and the related hazards and safety concerns that users of battery encounter whi...