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Design Thesis-Research Thesis Kondyli Vasiliki

batou_k@hotmail.com


bibliography: _ANFA Conferences Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla _John Eberhard “Brain Landscape, the coexistence of architecture and neuroscience, Oxford University press 2009 _Spatial Cognition and Architectural Design in 4D Immersive Virtual Reality:Testing Cognition with a Novel Audiovisual CAVE-CAD Tool, Presentation to the Spatial Cognition for Architectural Design Conference 2011(www.anfarch.org) http://www.emotiv.com/ _Richard Coyne, Reflections on Digital Media & Culture (www.richardcoyne.com) _eCAADe2012_Volume1_DigitalPhysicality _Hasegawa_Collins, Brain Hacking _Thomas Kistemann, Sense of place and place identity:Review of neuroscientific evidence _Charis Lengen, Making a scene in the brain russell _Shunji Shimizu, Hiroaki Inoue, The Relationship between Human Brain Activity and Movement on the Spatial Cognitive Task _ Luiz M. G. Ginc, Alves, Roderic A. Grupen, Proceedings of XI Sibgari, October of 1998 _Kai-Florian Richtr, Urs-Jakob Rüetschi, The Cognitive Approach to Modeling Environments SFB/ TR 8 Report No. 009-08/2006 _ Thomas Barkowsky, Christian Freksa, Cognitive Systems , Mental Model-Centered Design for Built Environments _Sven Bertel, Mental Model-Centered Design for Built Environments, FB3 – Informatics, Universität Bremen _ Drew Dara-Abrams, Architecture of Mind and World, How Urban Form Influences Spatial Cognition Drew Dara-Abrams University of California, Santa Barbara

Experience the city! An enhanced/enriched environment


This project constitutes an experiment in applying an enriched environment in the city of Patras. An ‘enriched’ or ‘enhanced environment’ encapsulates the principles of neuroscience and gives to them spatial status by creating an urban space convenient for experiments. we are focused in understanding how neuroscience try to explain the way in which the brain decodes the messages from the environment and transform them into ‘perception’. in which direction do the knowledge from neuroscience can affect the architect? We are interested in understanding how the brain collect stimulus from the environment? How brain interact in a build environment? How we can affect the human brain by designing the environment, and which is the role of epigenetics in this procedure? As architects, we are interested in creating environments that simulate and reinforce human abilities. according to epigenetic experiments, the environment affects the neurocytes and they influence the brain’s function. Human’s behavior is a result of brain’s function, and that’s the chain which correlates the environment with the human behavior. can we, as architects, to ameliorate the neurological abilities of a human by intervening into the space? an enhanced or an enriched environment is the response in the question.

TYPE

Academical project Project Thesis

YEAR

2012-2013

TEAM

Individual work

SUPERVISOR

Liapi Aik., Petridou V.


Research Analysis Enhanced/enriched environment is a structured system composed by different elements which permit the identification of the structure, and the overall operation, and it trigger the person to get involved into cognitive stimulation. An enhanced/enriched environment includes: multi-sensory stimulation, attention and focus, cognitive games, social interaction, physical action. That’s why an enhanced environment have some key features (1) These features are translated while designing into ‘design principles’ (2) To whom can this system can be addressed? Who can benefit from this? Neuroscience support that an enriched environment can help in measuring the effects of some brain disorders, such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, dementia. In addition, education and memory in childhood seems to be improved in children who have raised in complex or enriched environments. So, we have chosen to focus in the needs of these special age groups which seem to get more benefit from an environment like this. The needs of these two age groups have a significant difference and many similarities at the same time.(3) We define as intervention area, 3 separated public space in the center of the city of Patras, with historical, strategic, cultural and commercial importance throughout the history of the city. This area included the ancient Odeon, a historical square and the roman stadium of the city. The unification of these places can offer an urban space of larger scale for the city and also to emerge the important archaeological monuments. a primer school, an orphanage and a senior center are situated near to this urban space. The need of unification of these public spaces, the traffic problems and the lack of character create a ideal place for anthropocentric experiments. As a result, we re-examine the motion possibilities in the urban space and we create an enhanced/enriched environment.(4)

enriched/enhanced environment

variable environment

-polycentric system - navigation/exploration

-navigation/exploration

-cognitive stimulation -multi-sensory experience

-multi-sensory experience

elderly

-cognitive stimulation

-social interaction

children

-physical excersice

-social interaction -physical action

static environment

(1)

Caracteristics of enriched environment

Design axis

-polycentric system

-variety of stops-paths

-exploration/navigation

-development of motion choices exploration-walking

-multi-sensory experience -cognitive stimulation -social interaction -physical action

-handling of individual points microscale

(3)

isovist analysis of the existant space


- navigation/exploration

-guide -landmark -oriantation sign -supervision

- cognitive stimulation

-decisionn making -focus, attention -memory, notation -rhuthm -urban game

-multi-sensory experience

-progressive visual discovery -texture -sound -optical exits

-social intracion

-behavior in introverted /extroverted spaces -body interaction -enhancement of social interaction -urban game

-physical action

-motion options -stairs -ramps -maximum perimeter of walking

(2) orientation axis...

roman stadium historical sqaure ancient odeon

unification

...organize the places of interest

navigation/exploration development of motion choices

polycentric system variety of stops-paths

(4)


social interaction multi-sensory experience

Design axis

development of motion options

navigation/exploration

steps open course

unification od places senses’ activation

mosaic archeological residues

ancient Odeon’s resenption

‘flower refuge’’

‘‘the circle of senses’’

polycentric systerm

C

bicycles’ station playground sitting area

observation point

urban game’s platform

grass and flowers

small amphitheater

variety of stops and paths


section 1

Path one

1

2


1

section2 2

section1

4 3

section 2

3

4


Analysis of a snapshot

In this crossroad you can see the different paths and directions. There are two narrow paths, a stair and a ramp and the third, is a inclined plane with grass. The red volume guide you to the incline plane, into the circle. The texture of surface become soften and soften gradually.

section 3


axis of orientation----navigation guide ----exploration social interaction --- narrow place, body interraction

focus ---cognitive stimulation choices, decision making----cognitive stimulation

5


Path one

‘the circle of the senses’

existed trees the path leads to the circle of senses

the parallel lines can orientate you towards the city and the sea

these parallel lines create paths which cross the circle and let you see towards the city and the sea

both main access guide you to the eral instalations


section 4

s, which are vertical to the paths, the horizontal motion meets optical 3 small glades which receive ephem- obstacles continuously which limitate the to activate the human senses optical range into the circle

apart from the linear paths which penetrate the glades, surrounded by bushes which exclude you from the other spaces, preserve a the cicle, the motion inside the circle gives the opportunity of exploration clear path to go out of the circle


Path two

1

2


4 5 3 2

1

3

4

5


Path three

1

2


1 4

3

2

section 5

section 5

3

4


Urban game

the square derives features of the city in order to help us undestand it

static environment

on the contrary, an urban game with its base in the square enhances the biomatic experience of the city

variable environment

playground in the square

urban game in the city

We invent an urban game in order to satisfy both the need of exploration or the children and the need of the different age groups to come together. So, the square take features from the city and at the same time constitutes the starting point of an urban game which offers biomatic experience of the city to the children. The game simulate the game of treasure hunting, it is played into 2 different levels, the square and the city. The game is activated several times each month. it begins from the playground of the square, where the questions are announced. The questions need historical knowledge for the city, easy for the elderly to offer their help in the team. The question requires a place in the city. The map in the ground help the team to organize the best way to approach the place, and the children carry it out. They need to find the booth in order to take the hoop, which signify the solution to the question. This continues until the first team fined five hoops and gains the prize.


urban game’s flowchart

booths situated near city’s landmarks

booth as landmark in public place

urban game’s sign -indicates ‘discovery’ of the right location during the game

bench, posters’ space ouside the gameplay period


TYPE

Academical project Research Thesis

YEAR

2011-2012

TEAM

Individual work

SUPERVISOR

Petridou V.

An overview of spatial perception and sensory experience inarchitecture


In this paper we are trying to explore the role and the function of perceptive process concerning the environment, through our senses, while emphasizing on the space. We would also like to understand the factors that influence this process. So, we investigate the relations derived by each one of us with the space, with hope that this analysis will lead us to think about the role of the architect as an organizer of the space and the user as the direct subject of perception. We start from different cognitive areas, analyzing the meaning of perception and focusing on the experience and the understanding of space through the sensory system. This work is divided into two sections. In the first section, we explore by bibliography, what has been said so far about the term ‘perception’, emphasizing on the ‘perception of space’. We approach the term in different cognitive frameworks such as, neurophysiology, psychology, philosophy etc. We present different views and theories which approach this object. We seek the role of each element in the perceptive process (the contribution of mind, of the body, of the sensory organs, of the psychological and the cultural influences etc.) In the second section, we are focusing on the process of experiencing space through the senses. We discover the dimensions and the limits of each sense. We study each sense separately, their characteristics, how they compose the experience of space, how they form a geography, how they incorporate the effects of the environment, how they influence and get influenced by psychology or by the human actions, as well as how they contribute to the perceptive process. Besides the bibliographic study we record one small example of my personal sensuous experience in a space and the result of my perception of this space (discussed in the appendix). Finally we realize the importance of the multisensory perception, the role of each sense and the contribution of mind in perception of the characteristics of the space.


Contents

PART A: ‘’ Theories of sensation and perception’’ chapter 1: the term ‘perception’/Scientific analysis-Philosophical analysis of perception chapter 2: Perceptual approaches/ Perception as mental construction/ Scientific approach of perception chapter 3: Sensation and Perception according to neurophysiolo gy/ Sensation and perception according to psychology chapter 4: The human body as a tool of perception and geographical experience/ interpretations of the term ‘body’/ The body as a mediator of perception in the environment/ The subjectivity of the self-body/ The body defines our relationship with space chapter 5: Spatial experience/ Space and senses/ The subjective experience of space/ There is a ‘pure’ sensory experi ence space? chapter 6: What is the role of psychology in perceiving the space? chapter 7: Why are you dealing with the issue of space percep tion, psychology and consciousness as architects? PART B: ‘’ Sensation-perception and architecture of the four senses’’ chapter 1: Olfaction/ Perception-memory-olfaction/ culture/ Spa tial experience and olfaction/ olfaction and architec ture chapter 2: Hearing/ The sense of hearing/ Perception and hear ing/ The soundscapes/ The experience of the space and spatial perception f hearing/ Hearing and archi tecture/ Types of sounds related to architectural space-geography of earing chapter 3: dominant senses: Vision and touch Comparison between Vision and Touch/ The estab lished hegemony of vision and primacy of touch that liberates the modern architecture of vision/ touch/Vi sion chapter 4: Personal fieldwork Olfactory-Acoustic-Haptic experience of a specific place/ sketch according to these experiences/ inter view of a blind person Conclusion


Personal research

olfanction apartment’s floorplan

counting with hands

sound

texture

the result of the tour in the house without eyesight

the real floor plan


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Ιωάννης: Εξελικτική ψυχολογία(Evolutionary psychology_Πόρποδας Δ. Κωνσταντίνος: H μάθηση και οι δυσκολίες της/Γνωστική προσέγγιση(Learning difficulties and / Cognitive approach) _ Huxley Aldous:Brave New World _Ingold Tim: The perception of the environment, essay in the livelihood, dwelling and skill _Le Corbusier: The modulor _Lurçat Liliane: L’enfant et l’espace, le role du corps _Merleau-Ponty M.: Phenomenologie de la perception _Michael O`Brien Chairman και Kay Edge: Focusing the Senses _Moles A. Abraham & Rohmer Elisabeth: Psychologie de l’espace _Osterrieth Paul-A.: Faire des adultes _Pallasmaa Juhami: The eyes of the skin, Architecture and the senses _Pêcheux Marie-Germaine: Le développement des rapports des enfants à l’espace _Peter Zumthor: Thinking Architecture _Rasmussen Steen Eiler: Experiencing archtecture _Rock Irvin: La perception _Rodsway Paul: Sensuous Geographies, body, sense and place _Sahotra Sarkar και Pfeifer Hessica: The Philosophy of science _Sternberg J. Robert: Cognitive Psychology Articles: _Θεοδωρακη, Πατση Τζούλια: Αρχές Αρχιτεκτονικού Σχεδιασμού- Αναφορά στο μετρικό συντονισμό της Αρχιτεκτονικής(Report for metric coordination of Architecture) _Λαζαρίδης Ι. Χριστόφορος: Το σώμα στην Αρχιτεκτονική της Αρχαιότητας(the human body in the architecture of the ancient times) _Πιττάλης Μάριος, Μουσουλίδης Νικόλας, Χρίστου Κωνσταντίνος: Η ικανοτητα αντιληψης των εννοιων του χωρου ως παραγοντας προβλεψης της γεωμετρικης ικανοτητας(The perception of space as a predictor of geometric capacity) _ Πρωτόπαπας Αθανάσιος: Η κατασκευή των εμπειριών από τον εγκέφαλο. Συνέπειες για τη φαινομενολογία και τη νευροαπεικόνιση(The construction of the experiences by the brain.Consequences for the phenomenology and neuro-imaging)_Arthur Arruda Leal Ferreira:Τhe importance of gustav fechner in the history of psychology, elements of psychophysics Sections VII and XVIGustav Theodor Fechner _Baddeley Alan D.: The Psychology of Memory, Auditory Spatial Perception DynamicallRealigns with Changing Eye Position _Bechtel B.Robert & Churchman Arza: Handbook of environmental psychology _Bell, S.:Spatial Cognition and scale: A child’s perspective_Bennett Andrew: Do animals have cognitive maps? _Bridgeman Bruce: Simple Conscious Percepts Require Complex Unconscious Processing Review of Indirect Perception By Irvin Rock _Björn Steudte: Architecture and Human Senses _Carman Taylor: The Body in Husserl and Merleau-Ponty _Clark Andy, Thompson Varela F, E, Rosch E: The Embodied Mind,Εmbodiment and the philosophy of mind _Deneve S, Latham PE, Pouget A.: Efficient computation and cue integration with noisy population codes _Fjeld Per Olaf: Presentation of the Honorary Guest _Gibson,J. 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Architecture Thesis- V.Kondyli