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ANKARA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES PREPARATORY CLASS PLACEMENT EXAM [SAMPLE] SECTION ONE USE OF ENGLISH CLOZE TEXT I There__1__seventeen different types of penguins. They can be__2__forty centimetres to more than one metre tall. They all__3__in the southern part of the world. In winter, they swim a long way to find warmer waters. In spring,__4__penguins come together on the beaches of Antarctica. The female penguin has one or two eggs. She puts her eggs on the ground and sits there to__5__them warm. 1. A) is 2. A) from 3. A) lives 4. A) one 5. A) keep

B) are B) by B) lived B) the B) look

C) was C) between C) live C) some C) have

D) were D) with D) have lived D) a D) take

CLOZE TEXT II Jahan Begum was born in a small village in the mountains. She lived there with her family__6__ thirteen years. The family__7__their own food and kept animals. But then one year it didn't rain, __8__they decided to move to another country. The journey through the mountains was long and difficult.__9__first home in the new country was a tent. Then Jahan's brothers made a house with wood and stones, so the family had__10__better to live. 6. A) since 7. A) will grow 8. A) so 9. A) His 10. A) somewhere

B) for B) have grown B) because B) Hers B) nowhere

C) after C) grew C) but C) Its C) anywhere

D) by D) is growing D) yet D) Their D) everywhere

CLOZE TEXT III I am a sales manager. I work really long hours and__11__do lots of travelling. I__12__about work all the time. This makes it incredibly__13__to get to some sleep. Sometimes I get home from work extremely late and__14__I go to bed, everything is still going around my head. I__15__from sleeplessness. 11. A) has to 12. A) like 13. A) interesting 14. A) then 15. A) suffer

B) doesn’t have to B) hurry B) difficult B) when B) dislike

C) have to C) ask C) easy C) afterwards C) enjoy


D) don’t have to D) worry D) fun D) since D) want


CLOZE TEXT IV For the last three hundred years, newspapers__16__an important role in the social, political, and economic life of the United States. As recently as the middle of the 1980s, there were about 1.800 daily newspapers in the country, but in the following ten years the number__17__to 1.500. These numbers suggest that newspapers are disappearing, but that__18__be the case. It is true that American newspapers are changing. Many papers in the United States are local papers; they are published in smaller towns and cities and are read only in the area where they are published. They carry local news, very__19__national or international news, and a lot of advertising.__20__, the habit of reading newspapers has survived in the suburbs although it has lost its popularity in cities. 16. A) played 17. A) dropped 18. A) must not 19. A) few 20. A) To sum up

B) have played B) increased B) could not B) a few B) However

C) were playing C) rose C) should not C) little C) On the contrary

D) play D) counted D) may not D) a little D) In addition

CLOZE TEXT V Ambrose Bierce was a nineteenth century American author and journalist. His most popular book is probably The Devil’s Dictionary, written__21__ 1881 and 1887. Bierce’s dictionary does not__22__normal definitions – his definitions are funny and cynical.__23__, in a normal dictionary, the definition of dentist is “a kind of doctor who__24__people’s teeth.” But in The Devil’s Dictionary, the definition of a dentist is “a person who puts metal in your mouth and takes coins out of your pocket.” Today, you__25__find many websites with more modern versions of The Devil’s Dictionary on the Internet. 21. A) in 22. A) describe 23. A) For example 24. A) takes after 25. A) should

B) between B) exclude B) Such as B) looks after B) must

C) until C) contain C) However C) saves up C) need to

D) from D) tell D) Because D) brings up D) can

CLOZE TEXT VI Sandy and Roy are going to marry next month. They fell in love the moment they __26__. At first Sandy’s mother didn’t like Roy because she thought he was__27__. Now she thinks he is wonderful as he repaired her television set. Sandy and Roy met at a party. Roy asked Sandy “Do you want to dance?” Sandy said “yes”.__28__they were dancing, Roy said he wanted to see her again. Sandy__29__ going to the cinema. Roy replied that he would like __30__her to a restaurant. So the following evening they had dinner at a nice restaurant in the Pak Street. 26. A) would meet 27. A) fair 28. A) While 29. A) thought 30. A) taking

B) met B) loyal B) If B) offered B) to take

C) have met C) just C) Unless C) suggested C) be taken


D) had met D) lazy D) Although D) imagined D) take


CLOZE TEXT VII Language is the most important development in human history. The arts, sciences, laws, economic systems, and religions of the world could not exist without language. Humans haven't changed biologically for some forty thousand years.__31__, learning how to use our brain has led us from the cave all the way to the moon. Little__32__about the birth of language.__33__records that are more than four thousand years old have been found, but anthropologists__34__that humans have been speaking thousands of years before that. Language is so much a part of human existence that we will be talking as long as we __35__ the earth. 31. A) However 32. A) had been known 33. A) Writing 34. A) criticise 35. A) inhabit

B) Furthermore B) knew B) Written B) ask B) stay

C) Consequently C) knows C) To write C) research C) live

D) Hence D) is known D) Having written D) agree D) invade

CLOZE VIII Art is a reflection of various cultures. It also lets people__36__the changes in society that take place when different cultures influence one another. As people from tribal societies move to urban areas, their values and beliefs change, and their ancient art forms begin to lose their function. For example,__37__to Islam willingly, Bambara gave up their ceremonies to make the crops grow; their new religion taught them that their headdresses were unholy, so they stopped__38__them. Now Bambara artists make these headdresses only for foreign tourists; the headdresses have no function. On the other hand, urban artists learn a lot from traditional art: African masks and figures had a great__39__on Pablo Picasso, and today many American and Canadian artists study the simplicity of Japanese painting. If this had not been so, our world__40__a different place now. The result is that as the world gets “smaller,” the art of each culture becomes more international. 36. A) reflected 37. A) to have turned 38. A) using 39. A) opportunity 40. A) would have been

B) reflecting B) turned B) to be used B) influence B) may be

C) reflect C) having been turned C) to use C) enthusiasm C) will have been

D) to reflect D) having turned D) being used D) maturity D) would be

CLOZE IX Most people are familiar with the yeti, a large hairy man-like creature, which is reported to live in the Himalayas. However, you__41__of the “yeren” or “wildman” of China, which was mentioned and drawn for the first time more than 2,000 years ago. In the last 40 years there have been over 200 sights of the yeren in the Shennongja Nature Reserve in central Hubei province. Those who claim__42__it have described it as approximately 1.6 meters tall, with long red hair, round eyes and a broad forehead. It also seems__43__of an incredible range of calls and noises. In 1980 a Chinese scientist dressed up in a gorilla costume and entered a forest in order to get a closer look at a yeren. Not surprisingly, he failed.__44__was only the footprints of a big bear. He wished he__45__yeren in order to have something to tell his grandchildren. 41. A) might not have heard 42. A) to be seen 43. A) able 44. A) Did he find 45. A) saw

B) may be heard B) see B) capable B) What he found B) has seen

C) won’t have heard C) to have seen C) competent C) He had found C) sees


D) could be heard D) seeing D) powerful D) What did he find D) could have seen



READING I Rabies is a very frightening disease because it is always fatal and there is almost nothing to do once symptoms have developed. The disease is carried by a virus and it affects many species of animals, particularly dogs, foxes and bats. In Britain no indigenous case of human rabies has been reported since 1902, but it is widespread among animals in most parts of the world. Unfortunately, in the last 30 years the disease has been spreading across Europe from the East, especially in foxes, and has now reached Northern France. For this reason, strict animal quarantine laws are in force in Britain, and it is rightly regarded as a serious offence to attempt to evade them. 46. As it is pointed out in the passage, what makes rabies so dangerous a disease is that________. A) very few people can recognise the symptoms of the disease B) quarantine regulations concerning the disease are disregarded by most people C) it is now threatening the whole Europe from France to England D) as soon as the signs of the disease are recognised, it is too late for any treatment 47. The passage suggests that the British government has already taken strict measures to________. A) encourage the keeping of pets in Britain B) make sure that no rabies enters the country C) ensure that rabies patients will receive effective treatment D) deal with the recent outbreaks of rabies, especially in foxes in Britain 48. It is clearly stated in the passage that, for more than a century,________. A) no one in Britain has been infected with rabies B) rabies has been one of the most frightening diseases in Europe C) there have been remarkable advances made in the treatment of rabies D) thanks to new diagnostic techniques rabies has been confined to dogs, foxes and bats 49. The word “fatal” is closest in meaning to________. A) deadly B) curable

C) affected

50. The word “indigenous” is closest in meaning to___________. A) worldwide B) rational C) traditional


D) safe D) regional


READING II Educators are dealing with an important question these days: how can we improve reading standards? Some educators claim that this can be achieved with the help of television producers. They can spread the message that reading is good for you. Today film and television can lead large numbers of people into the delights of reading. Remember how many people have bought the book of a popular TV series recently, making it a number one in the bestsellers’ list. How about more traditional methods like book clubs and library meetings? There is not much point in using the public library or local bookstores to promote reading, mainly because people who are not keen on reading associate these places with school and exams. It seems that educators need to stay away from these traditional methods if they want to encourage more people to read books. 51. The passage is mainly about ________. A) why people should read more than they watch TV B) the different methods to encourage people to go to libraries C) the role of television in promoting reading D) how to encourage people to watch less TV 52. According to the text, some people do not go to libraries because ________. A) they prefer to watch TV B) it reminds them of their school days C) they live far away from libraries D) it is easier to get the necessary information on the Internet. 53. What does the pronoun “they” refer to? A) Television producers B) Educators C) Reading standards D) Some educators 54. Which of the following statements would the writer most probably agree with? A) Educators should find new and effective methods to encourage people to read more. B) People can find everything they need on TV. C) There should be built to encourage more people to read more. D) People will definitely read more if they see the works of their favourite authors on TV. 55. Which of the following topics is NOT mentioned in the text? A) The reason why people are not keen on reading anymore. B) The relationship between TV and reading habits. C) The reason why people do not go to libraries. d) A comparison between old and new methods used for promoting reading.



READING III Like a lot of other ideas, chewing gum developed when an inventive person was trying to develop something else. In 1870, Thomas Adams was trying to create a substance similar to rubber. He knew that in the past, natives of Mexico had enjoyed chewing chicle, which was the gum of the sapodilla tree; he thought that this chicle might possibly be useful as a replacement for rubber. While he was working with it, he decided to try chewing it, just as it was done in Mexico. He enjoyed the sensation and decided that he should try selling it. Unfortunately, not many people bought it. He then improved the product by adding flavourings and sugar to it, and he gave out free samples until the product caught on. Though he never succeeded in his original search for a replacement for rubber, he became highly successful as a chewing gum producer. 56. The main idea of the passage is that ________. A) chicle was commonly chewed in Mexico B) Thomas Adams invented chewing gum by accident C) Thomas Adams enjoyed chewing chicle D) Thomas Adams was unsuccessful in finding a substitute for rubber 57. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about chicle? A) It comes from a tree. B) Some people like chewing it. C) It is part of the rubber plant. D) Adams thought he might find a use for it. 58. "flavourings" are used to improve a product's ________. A) appearance B) feel C) taste D) smell 59. It is implied in the passage that Adams gave out free samples of gum because ________. A) he had a lot that he did not want B) he did not care about making money C) he was not a very smart businessman D) he wanted to improve future sales 60. According to the passage, in his search for a rubber substitute, Adams ________. A) was not successful B) found the original rubber plant C) succeeded late in his life D) moved to Mexico



READING IV The mall is generally believed to be the product of modern consumer society. In fact, today’s shopping mall has its antecedents in historical marketplaces, such as Greek agoras, European piazzas, and Asian bazaars. The purpose of these sites, as with the shopping mall, is both economic and social. People go to these places not only to buy and sell wares, but also to be seen, catch up on news, and be part of the human drama. Both the marketplace and the mall might also contain restaurants, banks, theatres, and professional offices. However, the shopping mall differs from its ancient counterparts in a number of important ways. While piazzas and bazaars were open-air venues, the modern mall is usually enclosed. With car parks, gardens and playgrounds around them, today’s shopping malls grew much bigger in size compared to its ancient counterparts. Finally, ancient marketplaces were often set up in public spaces with little or no organisational control, but shopping malls are designed, built, and maintained by a separate management unit. 61) The word “antecedents” is closest in meaning to ________. A) early examples B) role models C) designers D) planners 62) The statement that people go to these places to “be part of the human drama” suggests that people__________________. A) prefer to shop alone B) like to act on stage rather than shop C) seem to be more emotional in groups D) like to interact with one another 63) Which of the following is NOT an example of the differences between modern shopping malls and ancient market places? A) Their architecture B) Their management C) Their size D) Their social function 64) Which of the following statements can be inferred from the text? A) The idea of building large shopping areas was born with the rise of modern consumer society. B) Shopping habits will most probably change in the future. C) Restaurants, banks, theaters, and professional offices can be found in every shopping mall. D) Shopping has always been an important part of social life. 65) Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage? A) The similarities between the mall and the marketplace B) The shopping mall and its ancient counterparts C) The role of shopping in modern societies D) Why people love shopping



READING V Chariot racing was the most popular sport in Rome, appealing to all social classes from slaves to the emperor himself. Although most Roman charioteers began their careers as slaves, those who were successful soon earned enough money to buy their freedom. The best charioteers became so famous that they were generally depicted in many statues and monuments. The four Roman racing companies were known by the racing colours worn by their charioteers: Red, White, Blue, or Green. Fans became passionately attached to one of the clubs, proclaiming themselves “partisans of the Blue” in the same way as people today would be “Yankee fans.” The racing companies encouraged this sort of loyalty by establishing what we might call “clubhouses” in Rome and later in other cities of the empire. In the later empire these groups even acquired some political influence. For instance, Junius Bassus, a governor in the third century, had himself portrayed driving a chariot, thinking that they could influence public opinion on certain political issues. 66. Why does the author mention “Yankee fans”? A) To mention his/her favourite team. B) To show that the Yankees have blue uniforms. C) To explain an ancient action by relating it to a common one today. D) To give an example of the racing companies in Rome. 67. Which of the following statements can be inferred from the text? A) There was a relationship between chariot racing and politics. B) Only the slave could take part in chariot racing. C) Clubhouses were an important part of social life in Rome. D) Racing companies demanded money from fans to support chariot riders. 68. According to the text, Roman charioteers were similar to modern day sport heroes except for the fact that_____________. A) they belonged to a club B) they earned money C) they became famous D) they trained regularly 69. The word “acquired” is closest in meaning to ________. A) obtained B) claimed C) rejected D) admitted 70. Why did the racing companies introduce “clubhouses”? A) In order to provide their fans a place where they can watch the races. B) In order to stop fights between different groups of fans. C) In order to strengthen their relationship with the fans. D) In order to provide their chariot riders a place where they can rest.



READING VI An international group of sociologists from Israel, Japan, South Korea, and the United States has determined that children in elementary school around the globe are taught essentially the same subjects. Using data from the United Nations and their own international survey, Aaron Benavot and his colleagues analyzed information on education in 125 countries. (1) They found considerable similarity in primary school curricula throughout the world. These researchers suggest that in an effort to achieve equality, the world's educators have developed strikingly similar national educational systems and school curricula. (2) On a worldwide basis, instruction in foreign languages is increasing in primary schools, and subjects like reading, writing, grammar, mathematics, natural science, and social sciences are taught everywhere. The percentage of time allocated to these subjects is also similar. (3) Some differences were found. Developed nations provide more instruction in physical education and the arts, while developing countries teach more vocational education. In agricultural nations, where most people do not attend school after the elementary level, practical knowledge like farming and household work is emphasized. (4) Similarities clearly outweighed differences. 71. According to the passage the most surprising finding Benavot and his colleagues came across was ________. A) the similarity of curricula designed in different countries B) the methods and techniques used in foreign language education worldwide C) the different amounts of time allocated for various subjects in different countries D) the fact that people, in agricultural societies, do not attend school after elementary level 72. According to the passage which of the following is TRUE? A) Developing countries pay much attention to household work and farming. B) Economically advanced states design curricula based on physical and art education. C) Primary schools in Eastern countries are more developed than the ones in the West. D) Benavot and his colleagues carried out a survey in Israel, Japan, South Korea, and the US. 73. ‘These differences, however, were not great when school curricula were considered on a global basis.’ Where would the sentence best fit? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 74. The word “considerable” is closest in meaning to ________. A) trivial B) great C) constant D) coherent 75. The word “their” refers to ________. A) the United Nations’ B) elementary school children’s C) educators’ D) Benavot and his colleagues’


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