LEEDS CITY PARK
BARNABY BAKER c3253700
VISION & DESIGN STATEMENT
Leeds City Park proposes to create a new green space and public hub for the centre of Leeds. The park proposes events space, youth activities area, parkland, wild spaces & expressive landscapes within the bends of the diverted Hol beck. The park will use existing bike routes and proposed pedestrian routes to create a hub to a network of green routes in Leeds. Concept vision drawing
The Hol Beck will be diverted into the park from the East flowing into wide meanders in a gravel channel, banked by mounds of wild vegetation. Water levels in the diversion will be kept constant by supplements from the River Aire.
The park will provide urban food sources in the form of urban foraging & pastoral agriculture. The park will bring the Hol Beck into the open air before reaching the Aire. These features will transform the Tetley Brewery Site into an expressive landscape within Leeds.
THE HOL BECK
Tributary of the River Aire. Contained narrow channel since 1800â€™s. Most of the length of this beck is contained Runs alongside Water Lane close to the site and enters the river close to Neville Street.
Images of the Hol Beck in its current channel, highlighted in red square is the meeting point of Hol Beck and River Aire.
SURVEY & ANALYSIS & S.W.O.C
Looking at routes and destinations and green space in Leeds, as well as building uses, roads and micro climate portrayed the site with many possibilities and challenges.
The site with is currently being used as a car park in a Post Industrial area of Leeds. Close to the canal, River Aire and surrounded by a mix of old and new architecture the area has a sense of character and potential for regeneration. There are currently two main buildings on the site, the Carlsberg office and the old brewery.
Leeds was a city of industry and a main area of its industry was Holbeck (above left). Close to site used to be a coal wharf (middle) and until recently Tetley ran a brewery directly on the location of the proposed park. After nearly 200 years of business the brewery was demolished in 2012
RESEARCH: EXPRESSIVE SPACES
PORTA NUOVA : INSIDE OUTSIDE
BRICKWORKS : CLAUDE CORMIER STUDIO This project transformed a post industrial site into a green eco site. The space includes a farmers market, skating facilities, childrenâ€™s discovery area, gardens and events spaces all set within wetlands and meadows.
Giardini di Porta Nuova is a proposed park in Milan city centre. This park is a modern take on the Botanical Garden. Pockets of trees form areas for different purposes, allowing people to be surrounded by highlighted tree species.
LULLABY GARDEN & BAI YUN : CAO PERROT STUDIO Lullaby Garden & Bai Yun are installations by Cao Perrot held at Connerstone Garden Festival. Both of these installations use materials that work with light at all times of the day and night, such as glass crystal and wire. Bai Yun is an evolution of Lullaby Garden.
DEBORENCE ISLAND : GILLES CLEMENT This man made plateau was created by Clement for people to see the natural succession of plants. The top of the island receives little intervention and has been left to grow since 1992.
Conceptual drawings of Tetley site. Decorative forms of lights, sculpture and trees characterise the site. Yeast bubbles echo the brewerys past.
INITIAL SKETCH DESIGN
C O N C E P T D E S I G N
Barnaby Baker Rosana Busby-Cozic
Jack Wolff Morgan Wyman
Green infrastructure in Leeds is produced by linking existing cycle routes and pedestrianised areas to the site with new pedestrian roads and green routes. Leeds City Park intends to be a hub to these green routes. These routes could be as simple as lining streets with trees and widening pavements or changing floorscapes to make streets pedestrian and cycle priority, this would connect the park to the rest of the city centre. As shown in the map above the site is at most a 10 minute walk from the centre of Leeds. Identified in this map is the location of the proposed HS2 train station, at the South East corner of the site.
Early sketch design illustrated two main zones, ‘urban forest’ a quiet end of the park, that can function as greenspace more in the style of the traditional English park, and ‘urban green’ a busier events and active space. The park will have permeable boundaries and a new land bridge linking a pedestrian route to the Royal Armouries Museum. Traffic routes have been adapted to create a calmer area around the site.
THE RIVER RUNS WILD Using sand to look at the patterns created by water flow informed the layout of the river and other features in the park. By pouring water over sand, and photographing this enabled these charcoal lines to be produced, these lines were then incorporated into site. Alongside these patterns, the concept of the park is to create a wild space, with a new wild river spilling out from its channel.
Combining concept lines with routes and destinations produced the layout for the design.
Developing the design in 3D
At floor level in the raised HS2 station a plateau of wild vegetation will bring the park up to the new station. A lift will carry people against the plateau wall down into the park.
Open parkland will provide recreational space for the residents and visitors of Leeds.
A shingle bed and sloping banks will help naturalise the Hol Beck.
1:1250 @ A1
Cycle route 66 filtered though site.
Central avenue leading between hs2 & art gallery. Carlsberg building re fronted with glass and operated as garden orientated institution. Hol beck splits into two channels, one travels through nature the other through industry.
Birds eye view facing East
EAST END SECTION
SECTION A 1:500 @A3
WEST END SECTION
Fruit & nut trees within the open parkland
Shingle river bed inside meanders will help clean the water and produce sounds from the beck
Banks of wild vegetation
SECTION B 1:500 @A3
RE ENERGISING THE HOL BECK
As the Hol Beck enters the site water will be filtered through a reed bed system to purify the water.
The new channel will have a shingle bed to purify the water further and create a naturalised look to the channel.
These systems will allow the Hol Beck to be refreshed and cleaned before it leaves the park and enters the River Aire.
The becks meanders in the open parkland will be sided with gravel beaches on the inside and naturalised mounds on the outside.
A short level change where the channel meets the two gardens will allow the water to aerate as it falls over the drop.
FOOD IN THE PARK & SEASONAL CHANGE
Precedent: CCA LAWNS CLAUDE CORMIER
Urban agriculture in Leeds city park will provide foraging food sources for the local community & remove the need of petrol mowers. Wild food sources will be grown in the areas of â€˜Natureâ€™ in the park. A small flock of sheep and wild rabbits will maintain the grass lawns and provide pastoral & game food. Growing hops will maintain a link to the sites previous use and produce opportunity for beer production.
This proposal by Claude Cormier Landscape Architects brought sheep to the Canadian Centre of Architectures grass lawns.
This scheme will help people reconnect with the source of their food.
THE FOOD GROWS WILD
SALEM YOUTH SPACE
Salem Youth Space will create an activities area within the park for teenagers & children to call their own. The old church building will be utilised as a youth club and creative arts space. The area around the building will provide a skatepark, graffiti walls, climbing and social space.
Precedent: GEELONG YOUTH ACTIVITIES AREA CONVIC DESIGN
convics design of this youth park produced an events space, skatepark and bouldering wall.
LEEDS CITY PARK DETAIL AREA
The detailed area (blue square) is integral to the site, displays some of the most expressive areas of the park & highlights uses & activation of space around the art gallery building.
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CENTRAL PLAZA SPACE
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Wild garden Grass lawns D DD
Market avenue lined with Betula utilis Jacquemontii & Alnus glutinosa
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Art gallery & three tiered balcony
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Juglans regia around the central plaza Coal rain garden C
Corten grill bridging Hol Beck
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Gabion amphitheatre and grass bank
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Oversized globe lights Balcony with climbers & roof planting Art gallery/ Tetley building Juglans regia r Co
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Gabion amphitheatre & stepped grass bank Hol Beck
BALCONY PLANTING ART GALLERY KEY TREE SPECIES
CENTRAL MARKET AVENUE
This central avenue is divided into three alleys, with the middle one used for market space. us
Dividing the avenue are rows of Alnus glutinosa and Betula utilis Jacquemontii on opposite sides. Understory of Ammi majus and Dryopteris filix-mas will shadow these trees.
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THE HOL BECK
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SECTION D 1:20 @A4
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As the beck splits into two channels at this end of the site, the water becomes wider and shallower. Gravel bed helps purify the water and produces a noise from the water passing over it. The stepped profile of the channel provides a path and seating, as well as greater capacity for storm water. Model images looking onto the Hol Beck, grass lawns and Wild Garden.
Card, and card and tissue prototype modelling of grass moguls.
These landforms will be created with the spoils of groundworks on the park. Boardwalks will stretch over the undulating landscape. This area will provide childrens play, small scale mountain biking, social seating and private spaces. Boardwalk precedent
INDUSTRY RAIN GARDEN
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This landscape relates to the coal wharf that used to exist just a few hundred metres upstream from site. Coal lumps and chippings will be complimented with York stone and contrasting planting. Paths and pocket spaces will be provided with rocks and stone chippings.
SECTION E 1:20 @A3
Qinhuangdao Botanic Garden by Turenscape
WILD ‘NATURE’ GARDEN
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Understorey mix of plants
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Areas of purple highlight C Malus shown in green area
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Planting plan informed by (left).
SECTION F 1:20 @A3 camouflage pattern
Corylus planting, and as. covers the whole area.
The majority of this planting is edible or produces edible fruit, and other planting is beneficial to wildlife. This area is designed to be left to grow wild.
Small stone chipping paths will provide access into this wild space.
City park design project conducted in final year of BAhons at Leeds Metropolitan University