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Architecture design studio: air

personal journal & Expression of interest yulius chaisar 396604 semester 1- 2012 Tutor: Jas & Alison

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content A. CASE FOR INNOVATION

content

ARCHITECTURAL DISCOURSE

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D. Developing ideas argument

computation DESIGN

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criteria

51

11

E. Design exploration

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PARAMETRIC DESIGN B. RESEARCH study

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14

design diagram

49 50

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OBJECTIVES/ARGUMENT

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voronoi

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CRITERIA

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curves

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PRECEDENTS

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F. Design Outcome

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CUT MATRICES

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G. Field of realisation

63

CASE STUDIES

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VORONOI EXPLORATION 1

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Construction method

VORONOI EXPLORATION 2

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Refrences

VORONOI EXPLORATION 3

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reflection C. Research study (revised)

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Argument

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precedents

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criteria

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2

exploration of derived form

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Bridging Wyndham

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Sustainability as a discourse Beach and Howe st.

big vancouver, canada

case

for

innovation

week 1

Architecture as discourse

The tower takes its shape after the site’s complex urban conditions aiming to optimize the conditions for its future inhabitants in the air as well as on the street level. At its base, the footprint of the tower is conditioned by concerns for two significant neighboring elements, including a 30-meter setback from the Granville bridge which ensures that no residents will have windows and balconies in the middle of heavy traffic as well as concerns for sunlight to an adjacent park which limits how far south the building can be constructed

5

This building has shown sustainability as architectural discourse can be contributed in modern structure to be more sustain in spaces and functionality


digital design as a discourse

Biomimicry as a discourse HOtel Marques de riscal

Hydrogenase

Frank Gehry elciego,spain

Vincent Callebaut Shanghai, South China Sea

On top of absorbing the solar energy, this flying castle draws its inspiration from the biomimicry technologies and is built in lighter and more resistant composite materials (fibreglass and carbon fibre) in order to reduce the weight of its structure at the maximum. The fitting is thus self cleaning, in nanostructured glass inspired from the lotus leave that does not get wet.

Gehry’s personal and exclusive project of interior design characterized by its forms, colors and materials, offers an authentic avant-garde vision. In architecture, its application tends to depart from modernism in its inherent criticism of culturally inherited givens such as societal goals and functional necessity. Therefore, digital design can be an architectural discourse due to demand from the architecture to explore more in ideas and creativities. For architectures, to achieve such big and complicated ideas in creating building indeed digital design to express their idea to reality. 6

Hence, biomimicry building should be more approved therefore its directly has the optimum function. Nevertheless, it also can sustain the space and nature in bothways. Those combinations are the most wanted discourse to sustain our world. 7


Digital sustainable project Capital gate

ADNC (abu dhabi national company) abu dhabi

case

for

innovation

week 2

Computaion in architecture

Capital Gate has been built to lean 18 degrees westwards - more than four times that of the world famous Leaning Tower of Pisa. The design approach results in sustainable architectural solutions based on first principles and the workshop culture stimulates creative thinking and maintains the integrity of the design. Computanional system has taking big part to develop this kind of shape. Nevertheless, using manually hand sketching is impossible to create such detail creation. Therefore, the building has been designed lean over 18 degrees there is no such way the design without using computation help.v 9


Computation design pedestrian bridge

amniosya architecture amsterdam, netherland

case

for

innovation

week 3

Parametric Design The idea came from considering the pedestrian bridge as a place of connections and interactions of flow and pedestrian paths, connecting the two banks: the flow of bicycles and pedestrians, according to their intensity, interact, creating dynamic paths. The flow of a pedestrian of a cyclist also vibrates permanently, and these vibrations are vectors of mechanical energy that can be recovered and converted into electrical energy by means of electromechanical transducers.

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The shape and curve are manage to be created through CAD. Another advantage from using CAD as a media to transfer the creative idea which hand sketching cannot resolve the problem.


Parametric design

Parametric design helioscope

Evan Douglis Orlean,France

helioscope

Evan Douglis Orlean,France

K&A ScopeUtilizing artist’s 3-D CAD data, design a fabrication method and manufacture a reusable FRP mold and one part for final finish by artist and transport to multiple venues.

I think scripting has begun one of the style in architectural design. The way it shows the precious and elegant in complicated shaped have made with more efficient way to produce a design (Burry, 2011).

DescriptionFRP sculpture using unsaturated polyester resin and E-Glass fiber reinforcement. Sculpture is monocoque with no internal secondary structure and is engineered to fasten to a plywood template secured to the ceiling through minimally visible connections.

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However, it still produce a great and magnificient piece of art in this modern era.

“Scripting can be seen as offering an alternative view of creativity”- Mark Burry

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Research study argument

Research study Expression of interest

Wyndham City is seeking design for an eye catching and exciting installation to create a gateway onto the Princes highway. Over the years, Wyndham has been striving towards creating and establishing a new image through aesthetics and technology. The city tries to focus on the idea of marrying nature with the built environment while pushing their town planning ideas towards the future. The local area is known for its natural significance as it boasts an array of public parks as well as natural features. Interestingly, additional information about Wyndham has shown that the natural area has a variety of wetlands and through recent drought conditions; mud cracking has been a recent scene, this in an abstract way form a strong connection point between the past and present. Thus, the installation will serve to inform people about the significance of change within Wyndham. It will also serve to inform the community and people about its natural significance. The project will focus on the possibilites of digital design and incorporating techniques and concepts examined from the selected cases for innovation to our group’s ideal. We are interested in developing the idea of fusing nature with the built environment (BIOMIMICRY) to create an installation that is abstract in form. Furthermore, with the advancement of technology in the field of biomimicry, we believe that the use of digital computation will further enhance the outcome of what the group is trying to achieve. Within nature more specifically, with relations to the mud crack formation of the wetlands, our group is interested in developing it’s possibilities and incorporating its system to our design. As so, the group has chosen to look into working with voronois in a broader context. Moreover, the similarities of the formation of mud cracking patterns as well as cell formation systems in nature are researched to be identical to the formation of voronoi patterning. Through merging digital software together with nature, breakthrough in architecture has been observed; one of the more famous examples is the Beijing Water Cube. The project has shown most importantly the use of nature within a built system and expanding it into an idea with the use of digital design. With relation to our project, our technique is to use grasshopper to merge the abstract form of natural and built systems and digital software. Grasshopper, in this case can help us in producing and looking at voronois in terms of concepts as a system of formation rather than individual rings within a plane. To certain extents digital software, Rhino and grasshopper also helped our group understand and produce an array of patterns and forms in a more efficient manner especially during exploration process as well as fabrication management. Furthermore, digital software can substantially aid in pushing our design to the next level achieving form explorations that couldn’t be achieved through traditional drafting by linking definitions of different generated outcomes in grasshopper during the exploration process. Our outcome is formed through experimental and developmental stages.

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Research study

Research study criteria

Precedents: nature

After forming the argument, we have adopted a rule-based approach in design (Kalay, 2004) and identified three crucial parts of to our concept developments, they are: -The Natural System, -The Built Environment and -The Combination of Natural and Built Systems. These 3 main concepts will act as a guide within our matrices exploration process, this is to ensure the production of a appropriate and definite final outcome for the Wynd -ham City project.

Looking at natural processes and systems enabled us to form a framework in developing an understanding of the natural systems that we are looking closely at, this is more relevant in terms of voronoi formation and patterning. From this, we identified that voronoi occur in various triangulated, hexagonal shapes and work on an attractor point system. In terms of aesthetics, we are interested in untilizing this system as well as the pattern.

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This is to form a final outcome that is simple in a poetic and visual sense but could be able to blend with our ideals and as an outcome convey the characteristics of Wyndham.


reserch study

Research study Precedents: built

Precedents: Nature + Built

From looking at the built examples, we delved upon the possibilities of manipulating the patterns within the natural systems into various forms and volumes. The examples listed are a few of the known examples within sustainable architecture but common themes are also the use of applying biomimicry into their design development process. The common characteristics of these built examples lies in the use of one occurring technique and exploring it with motives such as depth and gradient in which we are particularly interested in exploring. These elements as said provides us in terms of understanding the limitations and possibilities of our design and with relations to the project we would apply these concepts of exploration and motives as they are relevant to the advancement of design aesthetics and technology which Wyndham is aspiring to be.

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Flat Tower - 2011 Skyscraper Competition, Yoann Mescam, Paul-Eric Schirr-Bonnans, Xavier Schirr-Bonnans

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These examples mainly serve as a basis for our exploration outcomes, these examples of applying very direct connotations from the natural environment in terms of patterning and shapes into built outcomes. Our case study exploration is heavily influenced by these designs as they convey to us the concept of forms that highlights the use of biomimicry to draw attention of the viewers to the built form. Their form though simple has a consistent and direct theme in which the viewers can relate, this we think is relevant to what we want to achieve for our project outcome.


Matrices

overlapping patterns + data driven rotation

Research study

overlapping patterns + surface grids + data driven shading

surface grids + data driven rotation

Matrices

curve attractor + data driven rotation

curve attractor + using sets

surface grids + using sets + data driven rotation

overlapping patterns + surface grids + using sets + data driven shading

overlapping patterns + surface grid + data driven rotation + data driven shading


Matrices

Matrices

arbitrary points + attractor points + data driven components

overlapping patterns + multiple maths functions

arbitrary points + maths functions + data driven components

using surface normals + data driven extrusion

arbitrary points + streaming text files + data driven components

curve intersections + using surface normals + image sampler

boolean patterning + attractor points + data driven components

image sampler + multiple maths functions

boolean patterning + maths functions + data driven components

multiple maths functions + data driven extrusion

arbitrary points + boolean patterning + attractor points + maths functions + data driven components

curve intersections + multile maths functions

arbitrary points + boolean patterning + attractor points + maths functions + data driven components

using surface normals + multiple maths functions

arbitrary points + boolean patterning + attractor points + maths functions + data driven components

curve attractor + image sampler + multiple maths functions


research study Case study

Research study Case study

Airspace, Tokyo STUDIO M/THOM FAULDERS ARCHITECTURE

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Airspace Tokyo designed by Faulders Studio strike us in the sense of its simple form but complicated pattern solid yet vivid façade. The digitally-generated overlapping voronoi pattern that represents the biomorphic cells of vegetation, suits our preferred digital technique exploration – biomimicry. Lightings are the essential effect for both external and internal space. Through the pattern, views are fragmented and create a unique experiment through different angles. At night, the interior lightings passing through the perforations of overlapping voronoi make a mysterious feeling as it seems to move as we move.


Research study

research study

Reverse engineer

reverse engineer

Overlapping voronoi

Taking the concepts from our matrices exploration, we came up with a technique to produce an overlapping voronoi by generating random points of various centers within the voronoi mainly through multiple maths functions. The outcome is similar to that of our case study, Airspace Tokyo.

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Research study

Research study

Exploration

exploration

Cube voronoi After the reverse engineering of the faรงade of Airspace Tokyo, we tried experimenting and viewing the voronoi as a volume rather than a 2-dimesional form making this concept cohesive to our argument. Joining the 2-dimesional facades into a cube would be the easiest approach to achieve the stereoscopic sense of voronoi as a whole. Playing with light, the faรงades of the cube create shadows that overlapped each other and further fragmenting the voronoi. 29


Research study

Research Study

Exploration

exploration

To take the design into a further development, the holes and the frame would be inverted as in the holes are filled and extruded while the frame is lowered. Each extruded volume is broken into 6 pieces of triangles. And the triangular forms are in different heights that will make a wavy form 3-dimesionally.

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The form made before is similar to that of mud cracks, and we are interested by this particular natural geomorphic signs. For the final exploration, the mud cracks particularly The Giant Causeway in Ireland inspires us to build voronoi extrusion into different levels.


Research study

Research Study

Exploration

reflection

As Wyndham City is seeking design for an eye catching and exciting installation to create a gateway onto the Princes Highway. Therefore, Wyndham City requires a certain achievement in both nature and built environment towards the future. In this project, our group has been exploring through the combination between nature and built environment to form an abstract design. The installation of the design is using certain approach in nature based as precedents. It has been found that Wyndham had natural area of wetlands that can lead onto mud cracking through the soil condition through the drought. In order to fulfil the goal in creating abstract design between nature and built environment, our group has chosen to use a scripting technique as the media. Scripting is one of basic the technique in using computation system in creating parametric design. Thus, so many advantages in using scripting technique in creating parametric design such as scripting affords a significantly deeper engagement between the computer and user by automating routine aspects and repetitive activities, thus facilitating a far greater range of potential outcomes for the same investment in time. In this project, our group has conceptualized and developing the mud cracks as our design. Furthermore, rather using in mud cracks as the design we managed to develop it with voronois patterns. Finally, our group succeeded to create a parametric design through scripting technique in using Rhino and Grasshopper as our media to achieve the objectives. With relation to our project, digital software can help us in producing and looking at voronois in terms of concepts as a system of formation rather than individual rings within a plane. Our group found using scripting technique to design our model is very convenient and help us to achieve certain pattern that others cannot be obtained. Scripting can also be the antidote to standardisation forced by an ambition to lower production costs, rather than any more sophisticated motivation: the previously elusive opportunities for multiple versioning and bespoke production can now be considered more seriously through the use of scripting. Hence, scripting technique has a suitable approach in developing Wyndham City project to maximum possibilities.

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Research Study Argument

Research study E X p r e s s i o n of i n t e r e s t (R E V I S E D)

Wyndham City is seeking design for an eye catching and exciting installation to create a gateway onto the Princes highway. Over the years, Wyndham has been striving towards creating and establishing a new image through aesthetics. The city tries to focus on the idea of marrying nature with the built environment while pushing their town planning ideas towards the future. This project allows Wyndham who is strategically situated directly between the city and the rural outskirts a chance to provide a fresh new image to the community as well as the commuters travelling on the Princes highway each day. From looking at the vast possibility within this area, our primary goal is to brand Wyndham itself as a gateway through creating a field of realisation. This field of realisation will serve as a medium to abstractly inform the commuters of the movement from the city towards the rural outskirts and vice versa. Every day, there is a considerable amount of population movement along the highway. This alone signifies the shift of people from one destination to another. Furthermore, there is a stark difference between the population density within the city and rural areas. Our group sees this population representation as vital information towards expressing Wyndham’s status through linking both the city and rural outskirts. Lastly to merge our intentions back to nature, we will look into the structural systems within nature to develop the scope of depth in our project. Frei Otto argued that “naturalistic forms are no less a triumph of human design and productive capacity than mechanistic ones.” We believe that these explorations of abstract movement and natural systems will serve to symbolize Wyndham’s progress towards the future. 35


research study

Research study Precedents

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precedents

From several precedents our group found thorugh researching into some projects and building. We found that some building such as Tokyo Air Space or UN memorial building. We found applied a voronoi pattern is interesting to explore with grasshopper to develop our model.

Furthermore, we are gonna push our model not into just some basic voronoi stuck inside a wall of the building but we are trying to make it looks meaningful and aesthetics with the surroundings. Thus, the precedents have inspired ourselves to create and explore more in our project.

Therefore, we found similarirty in using voronoi pattern in each building and projects that the voronoi is a random pattern that is seem to be very nature can link to our argument to explore in biomimicry as a nature. These elements as said provide us in terms of understanding the limitations and possibilities of our design and with relations to the project we could apply these concepts of exploration and motives. is aspiring to be.

Therefore, voronoi itself its a free pattern that can be played into everything. However, voronoi pattern is still their control point that can create the voronoi pattern itself. Placing the point can be one of the issue that we should generate the point itself rather placing the point randomly in the rhino. As they are relevant to the advancement of design aesthetics and technology which Wyndham is aspiring to be.

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research study criteria

After looking at a number of precedents, we are interested with the possibilities of Voronoi patterning and their abilities to convey design intents and abstract representations through exploring depth, gradient and movement. We are interested in using these languages of voronoi algorithm and placing them in the context of creating a buffered space (a field to realisation) and thus, we have set out a number of criteria to explore ways to develop these voronois to merge with our argument:

Phase 1: In order to clearly show the realisation of movement, our group looked at ways to achieve a system in which the voronoi points are placed, these systems are then expanded to achieve an outcome that is most related to the group’s ideal. Phase 2: To represent movement and gradient, we will look into ways in which a curved surface can be manipulated to fit with the site context. Phase 3: Merging these two intentions to produce a justified outcome. Phase 4: Expanding this justified outcome with transformation definitions to give the voronois a more complex outcome, this phase will be experimenting with layering, depth and to allow the eyes to be attracted and slowly guided to a intended voronoi frame.

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Research study EXPLORATION OF DERIVED FORMS (R E V I S E D)


research study

Research study tHINKING pROCESS

This process show that we already manage to generate point using point attractor to generate from 1 points into many random points rather we poke the point on the Rhino. Nevertheless, we control the point using the boundary from Wyndham city as the reference for the point to generate. Hence, we succesfully to create and generate point using the definition

Generated voronoi

This the result of our generated voronoi as to show the different the population between the urban and rural area.

The definition of the generated voronoi.

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research study

research study fURTHER eXPLORATION

Curves

The curves we created is based on the site itself. We think it is better to make the surface from the site thus it will be more sense rather to put it in random surfaces. The curves surfaces generated from combination of the Site A, Site B, and Site C.

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research study

Research study fURTHER eXPLORATION

Voronoi on surface

This the result of our generated CURVE as to show the base for the voronoi to be placed onto it.

This the result of our generated CURVE into the surface. however, this shape still does not satisfy enough to be fabricated.

The definition of the generated curve.

The definition of the generated voronoi on curve.


research study

research study voronoi on surface

Fabricating Method

This is the final exploration we made and seems to be successful and link to our argument. Therefore, we manage to combine our concept with definiton which is to place the voronoi into the curve surface. However, we found that putting in the voronoi into the curve surface is very challenging. Hence, we manage to create the tunnel of voronoi as in movement from rural to urban and urban to rural area.

The method we are going to use is contouring thecurve surface to be the based for we to cast the piny-sil into the voronoi. However, we assumed this method will be work for our model. Therefore, we have not yet get the model.

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research study Failed attempt

Developing

This is the first attempt we fabricate our final exploration model. Hence, we failed to fabricate it because we found that using contouring method is a mistake. We found our pieces splash into very small pieces and we can’t construct the model as well.

i d e a s

Field of realisation


Argument for wyndham council

Focusing on the idea of marrying nature with the built environment while pushing town planning ideas towards the future, our project allows Wyndham who is strategically situated directly between the city and the rural outskirts a chance to provide a fresh new image. From looking at the vast possibility within this area, our primary goal is to brand Wyndham itself as a gateway through creating a field of realisation. This field of realisation will serve as a medium to abstractly inform the commuters of the movement from the city towards the rural outskirts and vice versa. Our group sees population representation as vital information towards expressing Wyndham’s status through linking both the city and rural outskirts. We believe that these explorations of abstract movement and natural systems will serve to symbolize Wyndham’s progress towards the future.

50

criteria

We are interested with the possibilities of Voronoi patterning and their abilities to convey design intents and abstract representations through exploring depth, gradient and movement. Using these languages of voronoi algorithms we have set out a number of criteria to explore ways to develop these voronois to merge with our argument:

Phase 1: In order to clearly show the realisation of movement, our group looked -at ways to achieve a system in which the voronoi points are placed, these systems are then expanded to achieve an outcome that is most related to the group’s ideal. Phase 2: To represent movement and gradient, we will look into ways in which a curved surface can be manipulated to fit with the site context. Phase 3: Merging these two intentions to produce a justified outcome. Phase 4: Expanding this justified outcome with transformation definitions to give the voronois a more complex outcome, this phase will be experimenting with layering, depth and to allow the eyes to be attracted and slowly guided to a intended voronoi frame.

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Design diagram

d e s i g n e x p l ora t i on voronoi exploration

Looking at site movement and population growth and translating it into grasshopper

Plottting out the population change abstractly onto the site

Convert these population representation into a voronoi shape and palce it on the top of the site.

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Design Diagram

Design diagram

Form derived from the landscape and created using rhino and grasshopper to adjust the the form

Manipulating the curves extracted to the experential change leading to Wyndham

Final Outcome of the Voronoi Tunnel on the site.

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design exploration: curves

design exploration: voronoi

To justify our voronoi points, our group extracted maps of Wyndham, the city and the rural area overlaying them into a body of statistics, translating and reconnect them back into grasshopper. The four voronoi patterns are to show the various stages of formed vovonois when the slider pulled and the final pattern is the most representing our argument and our group agreed to use the last pattern as the final design.

Zooming down from looking at broader Melbourne, to achieve the form we looked into the site and manipulating our final form. This picture has shown the progress from the initial curves developed into the final curves for the voronoi to sit on.

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Final outcome of Voronoi tunnel(Rendered)

d e s i g ou t c o m Final outcome field of realisation

n e


Final outcome of Voronoi tunnel(Rendered)

Final outcome of Voronoi tunnel


Final outcome of Voronoi tunnel

f

i

e l d of r e a l i s a t i on Bridging Wyndham


design exploration: voronoi

impression of vastness towards the ru ral region

SITE PLAN

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scale 1:400

height of structure decrease as the commuters move past


f

e l d of r e a l i s a t i on

voronoi density increases as commuters travel towards the city

EXPERIENTIAL SECTION DETAIL

mpression of confinement towards the city region

i

scale 1:1000

construction method


Construction: precedents

Construction: Case study

Olympic Stadium London Populous

To translate it into a built form our group has researched a selection of mega structures and merging their constructional method into our form.

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Spain Frank Gehry

Beijing National Stadium Beijing Herzog & De Meuron

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Final outcome of Voronoi tunnel

Construction: Pinky-Sil trial

legend 1.INDIVIDUAL PREFABRICATED STEEL TRUSS COLUMNS 2.LIGHT WEIGHT SECONDARY STEEL BEAMS 3.BRUSHED STEEL CLADDING 4.TENSION CABLES 5. PILE FOOTINGS

2.

3. 1.

The trial of Pinky-sil is to show that our model is build-able into the real life. We made casting place to pour the pinky-sil in, and then we pour half of the pink-sil and then we put wires 1.5mm, and pouring the rest pink-sil and wait it to dry. Afterwards, we bend the model as it is one of the section of our model and it seems to be successful and by the way it is 1:200 section model.

4. 5. PERSPECTIVE CONSTRUCTION SECTION DETAIL

scale 1:1000

Our form will be built through prefabricated steel trusses forming into a lattice structure and cladding brushed steel over the form. These are all construction method that has been extracted from our precedents and developed from the case study.

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References

feedback

Burry, Mark (2011). Scripting Cultures: Architectural Design and Programming (Chichester: Wiley), pp. 8 - 71. Patrik Schumacher, ‘Introduction : Architecture as Autopoietic System’, in The Autopoiesis of Architecture (Chichester: J. Wiley, 2011), pp. 1 - 28. Richard Williams, ‘Architecture and Visual Culture’, in Exploring Visual Culture : Definitions, Concepts, Contexts, ed. by Matthew Rampley (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005), pp. 102 - 16. Yehuda E. Kalay, Architecture’s New Media : Principles, Theories, and Methods of Computer-Aided Design (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004), pp. 5 – 25.

After the final presentation, our group got several feedback from the crits about our panel and our presentaion as well our model. The feedback such as:

reflection The main task of this subject is to create an innovative yet creative abstarct design in certain criteria. Therefore, Wyndham city has propose to develop the city into a modern and sustainable city. Thus, to achieve such great obejectives our group assigned to use a scripting program to approach such criteria. Thus, so many advantages in using scripting technique in creating parametric design such as scripting affords a significantly deeper engagement between the computer and user by automating routine aspects and repetitive activities, thus facilitating a far greater range of potential outcomes for the same investment in time.

Finally, our group succeeded to create a parametric design through scripting technique in using Rhino and Grasshopper as our media Data not readable? does it translate to form? to achieve the objectives. With relation to our is it a good piece of data to use? project, digital software can help us in producwhat is the realisation? ing and looking at voronois in terms of concepts focus on the speed and density aspects of the form as a system of formation rather than individual rings within a plane. Our group found using scripting technique to design our model is very convenient and help us to achieve certain pattern that others cannot be obtained. Scripting can also be the antidote to standardisation forced by an ambition to lower production costs, rather than any more sophisticated motivation: the previously elusive opportunities for multiple versioning and bespoke production can now be considered more seriously through the use of scripting. Finally, we made it to achieve the final model and using 3d printing to create our meshes.Hence, scripting technique has a suitable approach in developing Wyndham City project to maximum possibilities.

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