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EDUCATING YOUTH TODAY - CREATING WEALTH TOMORROW July / August 2010 - 9th year running • Grade 8 -12


learning pages

Be a nail artist! Need to get something off your chest?


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Distribution: North West and Northern Cape Province


Bana Balang

Contents Publisher’s Details Bana Balang is published by the Ithuteng Dipuo Foundation as a service to the youth of the North West and parts of Northern Cape Provinces and teachers and parents. PO BOX 2011, Potchefstroom, 2520 Tel: 018 297 1097 Fax: 0866 989 227 E-mail: Editor: Manager: Translator: Marketing: Sales: Sales: Journalist:

Sonja Vermaak Hubertus Mostert Johan Zerwick Jolanda Cloete Letitia Mostert Shawn Ashcroft Tammy Patterson -

p3 p4 p5 p6 p7 p12 p13 -

Suicide - Our kids need help / Ask Doctor Eve Don’t be a litter monster Tips for academic success / Bana Balang is on Facebook! / Morals Fashion & Music Who wants to be a fashion designer? / Nail Art / Accessorise! Up close and personal with the Tlokwe City Council Mayor Focus on women - MMC for public safety, Ina Stoltz Road safety tips Maile Maila / OBE Questionnaire Focus on skills / National Science Week / Yes we CAN! Health: focus on health / Outer space ruler / Sudoku

p14 p15 p16 -



p8 p9 p10 p11 -

Distribution - 100 000: Distributed twice per quarter to secondary schools in urban and rural areas of North West and Northern Cape.

Speak your mind We would love to hear your comments and suggestions. Write to us with any new ideas you might have. BANA BALANG TEAM, PO Box 2011, Potchefstroom, 2520 or you could fax us on 0866 989 227 or e-mail us on

English Grade 12 Life Orientation Grade 12 Mathematics Grade 8 Science


Bana Balang Project is supported by the National Lottery Distribution Trust Fund The NLDTF relies on funds generated by the National Lottery. The Lotteries Act identifies the manner in which NLDTF funding may be allocated. The Minister of Trade & Industry, on the recommendation of the industry experts in the relevant Distributing Agency, makes the policy that guides the allocation of funds to beneficiaries. It is the aim of the NLDTF that the grants made will make a difference to the lives of all South Africans, especially those more vulnerable. The NLDTF is dedicated to improving sustainability of the beneficiary organisations it funds. The NLDTF currently has in the region of R2 billion a year to distribute to registered non-profit organisations in the fields of charities; arts, culture and national heritage; and sport and recreation that meet the qualifying criteria.

Women’s Day - (See below) Have you been spotted on the playground? - p5 SMS competition - Visual literacy - p8 - Focus on skills - p15 Ster Kinekor tickets & Bana Balang T-shirts and caps up for grabs! WE WOULD LOVE TO HEAR FROM YOU... p3 p5 p7 p14 -

TEACHER’S TIPS p11 - Quiz p14 - Questions

The NLDTF places emphasis on areas of greatest need and greatest potential, so that all South Africans can gain from, and contribute to, South Africa’s development.

Gadihele Marumagae (Matlhaleng Secondary School, Orkney) and Tshabadira Lesego (Cocekani Comprehensive School, Jouberton) were the lucky winners of the Setswana story book “Maile Maila”. The girls were spot on when it came to counting the number of taps in our last issue. WELL DONE! Watch this space for more winners!


The woman you respect the most may not be a business woman or an “achiever” in other people’s eyes. Nominate your favourite woman and explain in no more than 200 words who your woman of the year would be? Send your entries to: BANA BALANG P O Box 2011, Potchefstroom, 2520. Remember to include your name, school and grade!

Ask Doctor Eve Fill in the missing words Nail art - send us your entries! OBE Questionnaire p12 - Comprehension

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Our kids need help...... The warning bells are loud and clear - suicide amongst South African youth is on the rise and is responsible for 9% of all deaths. Statistics show that suicide in the 15-24 group is the second leading cause of death and the fastest growing. Children as young as 7 have committed suicide in South Africa and 22 people on average take their own lives everyday. Disturbing as the figures might be, educators and learners need to step away from all the doom and gloom and help those in need. HERE’S HOW: (If you suspect someone might be depressed, look out for the following signs  9Ê- -Ê, \ UÊ œÃÃÊ œvÊ ˆ˜ÌiÀiÃÌÊ ˆ˜Ê ̅ˆ˜}ÃÊ Ì…iÞÊ ˜œÀ“>ÞÊ ˆŽiÊ`œˆ˜} UÊ ->`˜iÃÃÊ̅>ÌÊܜ˜½ÌÊ}œÊ >Ü>Þ UÊ ÀÀˆÌ>LˆˆÌÞÊ œÀÊ viiˆ˜}Ê >˜}ÀÞÊ>ʏœÌ "/ ,Ê- -Ê 1 \ UÊ iiˆ˜}Ê}ՈÌÞʜÀʅœ«i‡ iÃà UÊ -«i˜`ˆ˜}Ê œÌÃÊ œvÊ Ìˆ“iÊ >œ˜i UÊ Àވ˜}Ê UÊ -ii«ˆ˜}Ê ÉÊ >̈˜}Ê ÌœœÊ “ÕV…ÊœÀÊ̜œÊˆÌ̏i UÊ ,iÃ̏iÃØiÃÃÊ ÉÊ œÜÊ i˜‡ iÀ}Þ UÊ ˆÃȘ}ÊÃV…œœÊ>ʏœÌ UÊ iiˆ˜}ÊÌi˜Ãi

THE WARNING SIGNS OF SUICIDE TALK ABOUT SUICIDE: The person may threaten to take his or her life. He or she may say “Nothing matters” or ”I wish I was dead.” BE DEEPLY DEPRESSED: He or she may feel hopeless, lose interest in work and withdraw from friends and family. SHOW A LIFT IN SPIRITS: A sudden change in mood can mean that the person is relieved because problems will soon end. PREPARE FOR DEATH: He or she may make unexpected changes in his or her will or give away personal possessions. SHOW CHANGES IN PERSONALITY The person may experience changes in eating, sleeping or sexual habits. TAKE THE SIGNS SERIOUSLY

So we know suicide is on the increase and what the warning signs are, but why does it happen? According to the SADAG (South African group for depression and anxiety) 90% of all suicide victims have an underlying mental illness. This combined with a lack of resources, family problems and poverty all contribute to suicide being the only answer for these children. Another major factor is a fear of failure with examinations looming, especially for matrics. /iÊܓiœ˜iʈvÊޜÕʜÀÊ>Ê«iÀܘÊޜÕʎ˜œÜʈÃÊ`i«ÀiÃÃi` UÊ UÊ UÊ UÊ UÊ UÊ

˜Ê>`ՏÌÊޜÕÊÌÀÕÃÌ 9œÕÀʅi>Ì…‡V>ÀiÊ«ÀœÛˆ`iÀ ÊÃV…œœÊVœÕ˜ÃiœÀÉÌi>V…iÀ ʏœV>Ê“i˜Ì>Ê…i>Ì…Ê>}i˜VÞ 9œÕÀÊ«>ViʜvÊܜÀň« /…iÊ i`iÀ>̈œ˜Ê œvÊ i˜Ì>Ê …i>Ì…Ê

UÊ >“ˆÞÊ>˜`Ê>ÀÀˆ>}iÊ-œVˆiÌÞÊ œvÊ-œÕ̅ÊvÀˆV> UÊ -ՈVˆ`iÊ ÀˆÃˆÃʈ˜i

>Ê̅iÊ-ՈVˆ`iÊ ÀˆÃˆÃʈ˜i\

UÊ ˜Ê>˜Êi“iÀ}i˜VÞ UÊ vÊ ÞœÕÊ Ì…ˆ˜ŽÊ ޜÕÊ “>ÞÊ …ÕÀÌÊ ÞœÕÀÃiv

If the person has attempted suicide before, he or she may try again. 75% of all suicides give some warning of their intentions to a friend or family member.

Toll Free Suicide Crisis Line The South African Depression and Anxiety Group “Toll Free Suicide Crisis Line” 0800 567 567 or (011) 262 6396 or sms 31393 Childline Crisis Line 0800 055 555 Lifeline National 0861 322 322 Local Police Station 10111. Contact your local police station for a trauma counsellor or visit your local clinic. TOLL FREE CRISIS LINE 0800 567 567


Bana Balang

Doctor Eve....

Do you have a problem and need to speak to someone about it? Just ask Doctor Eve!

my class and I think I really like this boy in t I’m not 100% sure. the feeling is mutual, bu l to ask a guy out? Is it acceptable for a gir etso - Mafikeng What should I do? Dik thing is socially Nowadays just about any depends on how all it , acceptable. However en taking charge. A lot comfortable you feel wh you have in mind. will also depend on the guy fident girls while othSome guys like super-con I suggest you spend ers prefer taking the lead. try to get one of your some time with him and get-together including a guy friends to organise e other friends. Get you, your crush and som and after a few hours to know him a bit better be done for him to take you’ll know what has to note of you, good luck!

I’m very worried about my 16-year old son. He is naturally a go-getter but is acting very strangely lately. He has suddenly become aggressive and often fights with his younger siblings. My fears were confirmed when his best friend told me about an incident at school where a group of boys confronted and threatened them. How do I, as a parent, tackle the ugly world of bullying? I am so angry! Ms Moletsane - Rustenburg There are a few steps you can follow in helping yourself and your child to cope during this difficult time. • You’re allowed to feel angry and no one can blame you for wanting to locate the perpetrators. However, try to remain calm and logic will prevail. • Make notes of everything you have noticed including your child’s behaviour. • When the time is right, tell your son that you are aware of the situation and reassure him that it is not his fault. Your child might be shocked to hear that you have found out, so go out of your way to make him feel loved. • Make an appointment with the principal and class teacher. This is a chance for you to express your concerns and fears. You and the educators should work together in resolving the problem. Keep in touch with the school and ask them to follow up on the situation.

--t Need to get something off your chest? Doctor Eve is waiting to hear from you! Fill in the form and post it to: BANA BALANG, P.O. Box 2011, Potchefstroom, 2520 OR sms the word Doc Eve followed by your query to 34110.

Name: ____________________ __________________________ School: ___________________ __________________________ Hi Doctor Eve, please help me with the following: __________________________ __________________________ __________________________



Bana Balang

AKANYA PELE O LATLHA - SE NNE DIMO WA LESWEFATSO! MATLAKALA Letsirolo ke eng mme le tswa kae? Letsirolo ke dipampiri, dipene, dibotlolo, polasetiki le meteme ya aluminiamo tse di DIRISITSWENG mme di sa tlhole di na le mosola wa go ka dirisiwa. Re a di latlha. Re DIRA letsirolo letsatsi le letsatsi, mo dikolong tsa rona le mo mabaleng a go tshameka, mo magaeng le mo dikgwebong.

SETEIŠENE SA GO DIRISA GAPE TSE DI BOLANG - sengwe le sengwe jaaka maungo, merogo, matlapi, dijo tse nako ya tsone e fedileng le tse di setseng jaaka koko le marotho a kgale. PAMPIRI - PAMPIRI LE DIKHATONE - letsirolo lotlhe la dipampiri , jaaka dibokoso tsa dijo tsa sefitlholo, dimakasini, dipampiri tsa kgatiso le poso ya kgale. GALASE - dibotlolo tsa jeme, mayonaise, chutney, dinotsididi jj. POLASETIKI - dibotlolo tsa polasetiki, dipolasetiki tsa go paka dijo, diphutelelo jj. DITSHIPI / METEME - Meteme ya dinotsididi, dikhurumelo tsa dibotlolo tsa digalase, meteme ya kofi jj.

Go diragalang ka letsirolo la rona fa re di latlha? Lephata la Letsirolo la Lekgotla la Toropo le isa letsirolo kwa lefelong la go latlha gore di katelwe. Se se ja madi’ Letsirolo le lentsi thata le dira gore mafelo a a matlakala a tlale ka pele. Mafelo a a matlakala a dirisa mafatshe a a botlhokwa. Letsirolo le lengwe le kotsi mme ke tšhefu jaaka pente, melemo, dibeteri le dikhemikhale mme di ka lematsa tikologo. Letsirolo gape le ka na le mosola - le ka dirisiwa gape’ Ka mokgwa o re ka dirisa palo e e kwa tlase ya matlotlo a lefatshe a a botlhokwa(metswedi ya tlholego).

BAAKANYA le gore o reke a, bitiela - go na fu • Baakanya, rok waro le disekeru tsh ma , ma ala • Ela tlhoko dit ka kgonagala go ka jaa le pe • Baakanya ka • Penta sešwa REKA e telelo tse dinny • Se reka thata di nang le diphu meng di sa feleng tse Boleng jo bo sia ete nn • Reka dilo tse ka NG o se TLHOKA jk. • Reka fela se tikologo elo tse dinnye yeng go senya nang le diphutel • Dilo tse di sa sešwa le tse di tsa tla go tsa i • Reka dipak di ka busiwang dibotlolong tse Dinotsididi mo gape ng wa isi dir ka • Dilo tse di lebenkeleng i ya gago kwa e ga dikgetsi • Itseele kgets kwa gae kwa ntl e ny din tse o • Rwalela dil

AKANYETSA mme BO PA dikumo Dirisa mme reka ka kelo tlhoko • tse di sa FELENG ka pele • ka diphutelelo tse di NN YE • Dirisa dilo tse di ka diri siwang gape le dimateriale tsa dikgerekg ere • Katisisa badiri go dirisa didiriso ka nepiso • Dirisa dithulaganyo tsa tshegetso ya boleng go fokotsa dikumo tse di sa siamang • Fokotsa mme laola lets irolo go tswa mo kumong e.

TIRISOo na le go feta shamek g paro, dit • Nnye

ia omela d • Tlhok a k u ib lega, iso le d etsa, go tsa, lwe antsi jaaka go fa a h p e h g • P , faa oli poletšha o . a g e le didiris tlhok mekiso a h s it d a • Diris kaetswe homa jaaka go iso ka tl ela didir m o k o • Tlh ulo e le dito mo dipoleit tlhiwang i, p o ik d la • Dirisa o dirisa tse di g go na le


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Bana Balang



JTPO '"$&#00,



If your face is circled, you‛ve


won a prize! Come and

1) Log in (using your e-mail address and password) 2) Your home page will appear 3) Go to the search bar (magifying glass icon) 4) Type in the following: Bana Balang 5) The Bana Balang logo will immediately pop up 6) Click on the group 7) Click on the “Join group� button :06 "3& /08 1"35 0' 063 (3061 TUBZ JO UPVDI XJUI UIF MBUFTU OFXT  DPNQFUJUJPOT  MFBSOJOH UJQT  FWFOUT BOE NVDI NVDINPSF

collect your mystery prize at our ofďŹ ces: 3 O.R. Tambo Drive, Potchefstroom. DON‛T STOP READING THE BANA BALANG!

The “Golden top 20� tips for Academic success! With exams around the corner, it’s only natural to feel a bit anxious....

}ÂˆĂ›iĂŠĂŒÂ…i“Ê>ĂŠĂŒĂ€Ăž ĂŒ>ÂŽiĂŠ>ĂŠ`iiÂŤĂŠLĂ€i>ĂŒÂ… ĂŠÂ?Ă•ĂƒĂŒĂŠwĂŠÂ˜it Ă€i>`ĂŠĂŒÂ…iĂŠĂŒÂˆÂŤĂƒĂŠLiÂ?Âœ >˜`ĂŠĂžÂœĂ•Â˝Â?��?ĂŠLi Ăœ Fill in the missing words - there is no right or wrong answer but it must make sense! Send us your answers and you could win a Bana Balang cap and T-shirt!

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 14

Go to class. Be on time. Sit at the front or centre of the classrom. Bring a pen, ________________, paper and books. Show __________________ and enthusiasm to your educators. Pay ____________________________. Try to contribute once per class period by ____________ questions or joining a discussion. Use a ________________. This will increase your vocabulary and teach you correct spelling. Read, read read. Read magazines, ________________, sports books, science _____________, anything you can get your hands on. Get some of your ______________ done during school. Use free periods, extra time between classes and in between sport. Get involved in __________________ activities. Work __________________. Realise that education is _______________ and can help you accomplish whatever you want to.

Fill in the missing words and post your entry to: BANA BALANG, P.O. Box 2011, Potchefstroom, 2520

Name: ______________________________________

School: _____________________________________

Grade: ______________________________________

mo-ral: pertaining to, or concerned with the principles or rules of right conduct or the distinction between right and wrong; ethical: moral attitudes.

morals Jaanong ka re na le tlhaloso ya lereo la “sethoâ€? re ka tswelela go sekaseka bokao jo bo sa tliseng tumelano. Ditho le maitshwaro di a tsamaisana. Maitseo a setho ke ditlhaloso tsa tse di siameng le tse di sa siameng, tse di renang mo mekgweng ya motho le mo go tse a di tlhophang. Maitseo ke metheo e e batlegang ka mo bothong jwa motho tse di bonwang ke morafe e e bonwang e le e e siameng e e amogelesegang jaaka botsalano. Batho ba ba nang le ditho tse di siameng: Ba na le katlego mo kamanong ya bone le batho ba bangwe. Go tshola ditsala, balosika le balekane ka tlotlo go botlhokwa mo go bone. Ba tsaya karolo ka mo merafeng ya bone mme ba direla le kwa ntle go thusa batho ba bangwe. Ba itseela boikarabelo mo go se ba se dirang mme ba a dumela fa ba dirile diphoso Ka gale ba na le kgotsofalo ka maphelo a bone mme ba ikutlwa ba siame Ntlha e e botlhokwa thata ke gore o tshwanetse go akanya sentle pele o tsaya kgato e nngwe kampo e nngwe ka gore ditiro tsa gago di na le dipheletso. A re bone dikao go bontsha bokao jwa go tsaya dikgato tse di siameng. Se latlhe moteme wa senotsididi go tswa mo fensetereng ya tekesi e o tsamayang mo go yone. Ga go a siama go leswefatsa ka gore o senya tlholego fa o dira jalo. Se tshube sekolo se se gauďŹ ka molelo ka gore o na le tshwenyego ka ga selo se sengwe. Go ka go tswela mosola jang go senya thoto e e mosola thata mo go ba bangwe? Direla kwa pele mme bua ka ga mabaka mme leka go bona ditharabololo tse di itumedisang. Tshola diphologolo ka kelotlhoko. Diphologolo ke dipopego tse di se nang molato mme akanya pele o ka feta ntswa o be o e rage. Maitsholo a kgang ke eng jaanong? Akanya pele o dira!


Bana Balang

STYLE DIY BADGES & BROOCHES Make craft contemporary by creating it yourself! You will need: Safety pins, beads, buttons, wire, felt. How to: 1. Simply thread the safety pin through loops, pendants and beads, and pin it to your favourite jacket. 2. Repeat (1) but replace pendants with and beads with mix-and-match gold buttons. 3. Superglue a safety pin to a felt shape of your choice, then embellish it with your choice of rhinestone sequins and buttons. 4. Wire brooches are a tad trickier. Start by drawing a simple design onto a sheet of paper without lifting your pencil. Then, taking your wire, follow the line, bending the wire according to your drawing. Glue it onto a badge pin.


1 3

1 2 3 4


3 local guys


an undying

You can achieve the look without being too masculine. Oversized boyfriend shirts are all the rage but there are ways to add a girly touch - by wearing sparkly ballet pumps and lacy headbands! Oversized boyfriend shirt 3/4 ripped jeans Embellished pumps Lacy headband with bow

When did it all start: Sunrise Pedro was formed on the 14th of February at Pita’s house under the “lapa”, but the song-writing started quite a while before then at Jonathan’s house. The song that started it all was “say hello”. They’ve carried on since then and haven’t looked back yet. Why did they start the band: When asked this question all three of the members just smiled and answered “We started the band because we enjoyed it and it was, and is fun”. They all have music as a common interest, it’s a deep rooted passion they all share. Where have you played (Gigged): First gig was at Oakyard the 6th of March they’ve had a few gigs at Oakyard since as well as 2 other gigs in Parys at Carlo’s Pub and gigs for small crowds. Musical influences: Sunrise Pedro’s musical influences are Jack Johnson, Matt Costa and Joe Purdy. Sunrise Pedro’s music can be classified as

for music


Potchefstroom’s latest, hottest band!


Indie, nothing more nothing less.

Jonathan Hoffman Abri Wolmarans Petria Pita van Zyl -

Sunrise Pedro is an inspirational group of guys that love what they do and do what they love, a great example of dedication and passion and total proof that you can chase after your dreams! So when you might pass one of them in the street say “Hello”.

Vocals, songwriter Lead, Composer Beat & Soul

ˆ`ÊޜÕÀÊÃV…œœÊÉÊVœ““Õ˜ˆÌÞÊ«>˜ÌÊ>ÊÌÀiiÊvœÀÊÀLœÕÀÊ >Þ¶ We would like to know how you got involved to celebrate this important day on 3 September 2010 Share it with us by sending us a photograph or a short paragraph! SEND IT TO: BANA BALANG , P.O. Box 2011, Potchefstroom, 2520 Remember to include your name, school and grade.

2010 Tree of the year = “Fever Tree”



Bana Balang

Bana Balang

Do you want to be a fashion designer?

Do you want to be a

Nail Artist

Go crazy and decorate all five nails!

In our last issue we invited you to unleash your creativity and try your hand at fashion design. The response was overwhelming - here are some of the best entries received, have a look!


Examples of nail art Boingotlo Gabonewe

Name: Tshepo Montingoe Boitshoko High School Age: 17

Tladi Kagiso Lucky Boy Tiragalo Secondary Age: 16

Tshepo Lucas Segole

School: Tel: Age: Post your entry form and details with your nail art entry to Bana Balang, PO Box 2011, Potchefstroom, 2520.

The best entries will be published in our next issue!

It’s that time of the year again!

Matric fashion on a shoestring’s how!

accessorise......! Getting the perfect look for your matric farewell doesn’t have to cost a fortune. Your dress, whether it’s plain or intricate, is only the foundation. Accessories are a must-have and can help you in adding that one special touch that makes you so unique! And to top it all off, they are affordable and easily accessible. Here are a few accessories to consider when planning your outfit - add any one of these and you’ll be turning heads for sure!


The bigger, the better!

Bows are hot this season... all colours, fabrics & sizes!


Flowers, insects, feathers, sequins...



Bana Balang


Read the above cartoon and answer the following questions: Note: The woman in frame 2 is Helga. Hagar is her husband. 1)

Refer to frames 2 and 3. Explain why the word “knock” is in large font (print size)?



Refer to frames 7 and 8. State TWO ways in the cartoonist shows that Hagar is afraid of facing his wife? (2)


Why, in your opinion, does Helga’s facial expression remain unchanged throughout this cartoon? GIVE TWO REASONS (2)

Answers on page 6

Cartoon SMS Competition: Who is the main character in the cartoon? Sms the answer, your name, age and school to 34110 Closing date: 25/10/2010

TIP: Practise your visual literacy skills by brow sing through your favourite magazine. Choose an advvert and concentrate on the visual and verbal elements. eg. photos / headlines / expressions Courtesy of (Extracted from a March 2010 exam) English 1st Additional Language WIN A PAIR OF STER KINEKOR MOVIE TICKETS

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Grade 12

Study plan, exam writing preparation and skills, and assessment The secret to writing a good examination is in the preparation. • Start studying long before the time. • Don’t try to cram in everything just before your exam. • Prepare mind maps, take effective notes, prepare diagrams during the year and use them to remind you of the work you have already learnt. • Make sure that you have adequate sleep the night before an examination. • On the morning before the exam, eat a healthy breakfast and drink water. • You have heard these suggestions many times before, do you actually use them?

Use this checklist to confirm whether you are prepared for the exam. Preparation checklist Have I set goals for these exams? Do I know exactly which work I need to study? Is all my work up to date? Have I made a study timetable? Have I planned how much work I aim to cover in each study session? Have I allowed time for breaks in each study session? Have I allowed enough time to cover the work I need to know? Am I summarising and making notes while I study? Am I keeping to my plan? Have I obtained past exam papers and revision questions to work through? Am I getting sufficient sleep? Am I eating well? Am I exercising every day? Do I know the date, time and length of my exam?

A FEW EXAM REMINDERS..... Read the instructions carefully n Highlight the key words in each questio Tackle the easiest questions first r Remain calm - don’t panic. Close you th eyes and take a deep brea • The more you practice with revision questions, the easier it will become! ” • Make provision for a bit of “fun time nt during exams. It is also very importa ! then and to relax every now

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ACTIVITY - Construct a personal study plan 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Think about your past study experiences since Grade 10. Write your strengths and weaknesses down. Confirm what is expected of you in your final year at school Look at your exam timetable and from this, draw up a study timetable. Ask your friends about their study techniques and find out what works for them. Exchange ideas! Decide on the following: - When do you prefer to study (eg. mornings / afternoons / evening)? What type of study environment works best for you (eg. Some people prefer the radio on, others want dead silence)? 6. Use a chart or mind map your ideas to find a study plan that will work best for you. 7. Once you’ve finalised your plan, present it to your friends in groups of four. 8. This is an informal exercise - ask your friends what they think


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MATHEMATICS Learning pages

Grade 12

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Learning pages























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 Grade 12


Water is the only substance that is found in all three states of matter - solid ice, liquid water and gaseous water vapour (steam). If water is cooled down to 0°C or less, ice is formed. If it is heated to a certain temperature (100°C) it boils and as a result, steam is formed. Another unique property of water is the fact that when frozen, it actually expands, unlike other substances that contract. So in winter, a layer of ice is formed on the surface and creatures living in the water underneath can still survive.      

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Water is the only substance found naturally in three forms: solid, liquid, and gas. 80% of the earth’s surface is water. 97% of the earth’s water is saltwater in oceans and seas. Of the 3% that is freshwater, only 1% is available for drinking – the remaining 2% is frozen in the polar ice caps. Water serves as nature’s thermometer, helping to regulate the earth’s temperature. Water freezes at 0oC. Water boils at 100oC. A water molecule stays in the ocean for 98 years, in ice for 20 months, in lakes and rivers for 2 weeks, and in the atmosphere for less than 7 days Water makes up 80% of an earthworm, 70% of a chicken, and 70% of an elephant Water makes up 90% of a tomato, 80% of pineapples and corn, and 70% of a tree. 70% of your brain is made up of water!




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Up close & personal with the mayor We decided to pay the Executive mayor of Tlokwe City Council, Cllr. Andrew Mphetle a visit....... is also one of only two towns in the province to be awarded blue-drop status and the mayor is especially proud because unlike Rustenburg, our water is treated locally and not by private companies. Another important issue close to the mayor’s heart is the youth. He is excited about the prospects the city has to offer in terms of the youth. The Youth Centre of Excellence which is up and running on a daily basis, gives young people the chance to develop their skills and in doing so, empowering them. The centre works closely with Vuselela Col-

learn how to start, run and improve their business. The Tlokwe City Council also recognises the importance of bursaries and learnerships. Learners can apply for a council bursary which helps cover registration and book costs. Information regarding this bursary can be found in rates & tax bills sent via the mail. The mayor also has his own bursary scheme and money is raised by hosting the annual Mayor’s golf day. Three students are chosen to study at the North West UniverCllr. Andrew Mphetle sity. There are strict conditions Potchefstroom has been in however: the student has to pass the news for all the right reayear enrolled for and once “as long as there is an educa- every sons lately and the man bestudy has been completed, they hind it all, couldn’t be happier. tion of output and not of depend- have to move into a poor area The city has a few notable and help take care of a child. ability, the child will beneďŹ tâ€? achievements under her belt. The mayor, who has a Not only was the it named best background deeply rooted in lege and the North West Univesity town in the North West province, education, doesn’t believe there’s and Mphetle is impressed with the the Spanish soccer team chose the anything wrong with the current “keenness to learnâ€?. NWU Sports Village as their base OBE system but rather that the Looking ahead, the mayor during the 2010 FIFA World Cup. teachers weren’t properly trained. would also like to join hands with Executive mayor Cllr Mphetle He says that “as long as there is an Anglogold Ashanti who assists in Mphetle attributes the city’s suceducation of output and not of desmall business training. Mphetle cess to the fact that the people have pendability, the child will beneďŹ tâ€?. believes the aim of this partnerbecome “go-gettersâ€?. He says that Mphetle believes that teachers ship would help in providing supsomething can only be attained if have the wrong perception of OBE port for sustainable projects where positive energy is put into whatand only once their attitudes have the ordinary man on the street can ever task at hand. Potchefstroom changed will matters improve.



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˜Þ̅ˆ˜}ʈÃÊ«œÃÈLius on women! Once your school journey has come to an end, you’ll soon realise the long and winding road out there can take you just about anywhere. Just ask Ina Stoltz, MMC for Public Safety at the Tlokwe City Council who agrees that anything is possible and that opportunities are there for the taking. She grew up in the Free State, attended farm schools throughout her formative years and matriculated from Voortrekker High in Bethlehem. After a few years at the North West University, Stoltz decided to wave Potchefstroom goodbye but soon returned and started working at the city council as a typist in 1996. Little did she know that this would mark the beginning of her political career. “While I was busy typing, I would question everything I saw or read”, says Stoltz, who admits she is naturally a very inquisitive person. Stoltz started working at the Potchefstroom City Council as a typist in 1996.

She soon found herself involved in public safety and hasn’t looked back. Her latest venture was looking after the Spanish team who used Potchefstroom as their base camp. Now that the World Cup is a thing of the past, Stoltz, along with her department are back to normal and ensuring that the community is safe and sound. Some of their duties include • Monitoring of traffic situations at schools • Enforcing of bylaws eg. You are not allowed to make a fire in an open space • Dealing with members of the public and their complaints • Ensuring schools are ready to handle disasters by distributing infor mation and giving demonstrations on how to react certain situations • Educating women and children in rural areas about the dangers of shack fires and how they can be avoided.


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MMC Public Safety - Ina Stoltz

We’re focusing on road safety. Here are a few handy tips and guidelines to keep you safe as a pedestrian. Watch out for more in our next issue!

Look right, left and right again for oncoming traffic Cross only when the road is clear, looking in both directions. When you cross, walk briskly but don’t run Before you cross the road, make sure you can see any oncoming traffic. The road should be clear of any stationery vehicles which could block your view. Keep between the solid white lines and watch for moving vehicles Only cross when the green man shows and when it is safe to do so Controlled crossings are the safest places to cross the street. Children in particular are safer when they are in the company of parents or adults who show them how to cross the street.



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Maile Maila Bonganana BY THABO DITSELE BaĹĄwa ba Maile

bontsi ba sebaka ka dinako tsa sekolo. Baagi ba Maile ba ne ba lekile ga bua le Lerato gore a emise go Tsela e e tswang kwa Tshwane-a-Mamelodi e lebile kwa hoteleng rekisetsa baĹĄwa nnotagi, mme o ne a ema ka la gore batho ba ya mabaibai ya Sun City mo dithabeng tsa ga Pilane, e feta mo mot- tshaba go kgalema bana ba bona mme ba batla go mo tshwaya phoso. seng wa Maile. Sekolo se segolo kwa Maile se bidiwa Makgopola. O ne a aga a re `Fa o sa batle ngwana wa gago a ya kwa lefelong le le Sekolo se, se bone leina la sona go tswa mo rileng, mmofelele mo go wena’. letamong le legolo la motse. Batho ba le Ngwaga mongwe le mongwe mo pakeng ya bantsi ba kile ba bua ka motse wa Maile le Keresemose, go ne go tlwaelegile gore baĹĄwa sekolo sa Makgopola. Dipuopuo tse di ne di ba mo kgaolong e ba tswe le tse di tswang. tlisitswe ke kgang ya gore sekolo se segolo Ba ne ba hira ditekesi tse di ba rwalelang sa Makgopola se kile sa aparelwa ke mathkwa diphakeng koo go neng go tlholwa go ata. Bangwe ba baithuti ba sona ba ne ba iphanngwa ka ntshe. Go le gantsi, go ne go gagogile. Tota ga se gore barutabana ba ne tlholega dintwa tse di sa tlhokegeng, dintwa ba se dire sepe ka bothata jo, ba ne ba aga tse di simololang ka, `o ntebeletse eng?’ kaba gakolola baithuti go dira tse di kgatlhang rabo e nne, `o bone jang gore ke go lebeletse matlho. Bothata jwa go gagoga, ga se botfa wena o sa ntebelela?’ Go ise go ye kae, e hata jo bo neng bo aparetse Makgopola a le nna tshwarang-tshwarang, lebole le beletswa esi, ke bothata jo bo neng bo tshwerwe ke boatleng. Ka le ditlhobolo di ne di tletsetletdikolo tsotlhe mo kgaolong ya Rustenburg. se, bangwe ba baĹĄwa ba ne ba latlhegelwa ke Dingwe tsa dikao tsa go gagoga e ne e le go matshelo mo menateng e e jaana. tsena thari kwa sekolong, go sa tsenele ditlBaĹĄwa ba ba neng ba sala mo motseng fa hatlhelelo tsotlhe, le go sa tsene sekolo ka bontsi bo ne bo etile, ba ne ba tlhola le go tlhomamo. lala kwa Uniform Place. Mmino o ne o lelela E ne e re fa morago ga go kwala ditlhatlhobo boatleng, motho o kgona go utlwa modumo tsa bokhutlo jwa ngwaga, bontsi jwa baithuti wa ona o le dikilometara di le masomesome bo nne fela kwa magaeng a bona go se ope go tswa kwa teng. Go ya ka Lorato, se e ne e yo o ba reileng a re ba se tlhola ba ya sekole tsela e a neng a isthedisa ka yona. long. Ba ba neng ba obamela molao, ba ne Ka letsatsi la Keresemose kwa dikereng, ba ya sekolong go ďŹ tlha ka letsatsi la bofelo. baruti ba ne ba rerela bagolo le bana ba sekoBaithuti ba ne ba se ele tlhoko gore maitlo sa Sontaga gonne baĹĄwa ba le bantsi ba ne sholo a a siameng kgotsa a a bodileng, a siba santse ba robetse ka ntata ya gore bangwe molola fa motho a santse a tsena sekolo. Ka ba gorogile ka mahube a ‘naka tsa kgomo go letsatsi la bofelo pele go iwa malatsing a boikhutso a Sedimonthole, tswa mafelong a ba neng ba itlhabisitse phefo kwa go ona, fa ba bangwe ke setlhotswana fela sa baithuti ba ba neng ba ya sekolong. ba ne ba letse kwa ga Lorato. Fa o ka bona le baruti ba tlhoboga, o bo o Bangwe ba barekisi ba bojalwa kwa Maile le bona ba ne ba sa thuse itse gore tshega e fapogile fa e tshwanetseng go nna gona. go tokafatsa meamo. Ba ne ba rekisetsa le bana ba sekolo nnota- BaĹĄwa ba Maile ba ne ba keteka letsatsi la ngwaga o moĹĄwa fela jaaka gi. Mme mongwe wa morekisi wa bojalwa, Lorato, o ne a ratwa ke ba dirile ka letsatsi la Keresemose. Pharologanyo e e neng e bonala fela baĹĄwa bobe. Lorato o kile a se tlhabiwe ke ditlhong mme a bua gore ke gore modumo o le montsi o ne o tsosiwa fa ura ya bolesomepedi e kgwebo ya gagwe e tshegeditswe ke baĹĄwa. Lefelo la gagwe le ne goroga. Dikirikete tsa mefuta e e farologaneng di ne di thuntshiwa mo le bidiwa Uniform Place. BaĹĄwa ba ne ba tlala thata kwa go lona, lefaufaung kwa Uniform Place. Lorato o ne a fokotsa tlhwatlhwa ya dino morago ga ura ya bolesomepedi, se e le go lebogela tshegetso mo Mogopolo go Morutabana: Kwala palo ya dipotso ka ga kgang- kgwebong ya gagwe. Setswana sa re `ngwaga o o sa nthateng kgabaganya’. Baagi ba Maile ba khutswe e go ka di botsa ka mo phaposiborutelong ya gago. ne ba solofela gore ka gongwe mo ngwageng o o latelang,









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Nothing wrong with a bit of healthy rivalry! Elmarie (Museum) & Louise (Library) battle it out. ? R 2011




The Potchefstroom Library went head- to-head with the Museum to see who could collect the most food cans in celebration of “Nelson Mandela Day”. It was a tight affair but the Museum eventually won by the smallest of margins. The cans were donated to Amaphelo, a haven for children living with HIV/Aids. The centre is situated in Promosa, Potchefstroom where approximately 100 kids are taken care of on a daily basis. Each issue, we will focus on a career path that doesn’t require a formal tertiary qualification but rather an informal one that is affordable and easily accesible.

? DY FURTHER YOU TO STU R FO LE IB Y, IS IT POSS TO STUDY FURTHER? FINANCIALL HAVE YOU BEEN ACCEPTED If you have answered negatively to all three the questions above, you might want to consider acquiring a skill that will enable you to take care of your own future. There are hundreds of skills out there and once equipped, the possibilities are endless. Become a nail technician and work from home! Have you always dreamed of working in the beauty industry? As a qualified nail technician you could work at a salon, on a cruise ship or even start your business at home. You could even start a mobile nail business bringing convenience to hundreds of women throughout your community! WHAT DOES IT INVOLVE? A nail technician is someone who does manicures and pedicures. They prepare nails for overlays or artificial nails by cleaning and filling the natural nails. The extensions are then applied to the natural nails and finished off e r sa with a layer of acrylic or gel. Varnish can be d gem er an n as t applied or other embellishments like glitter or gems. t i l __ G w _ o n _ k _ Other duties include filing nails and massaging ___ customer’s hands and forearms. The job involves a ___ _ _ r _ e lot of face to face communication so if you are answ and your 0 bubbly, friendly, talkative and presentable than you SMS e to 3411 should consider working with nails! You will need to am win and n ou could nekor enroll for a course which usually includes a starter i y er K s! kit to get you going and lasts 2-5 days. le St t doub vie ticke Go to page 7 and use your imagination to decorate mo the nails. The best entries will be published in our next issue!

South Africa was abuzz with activity as institutions around the country celebrated National Science Week from 2-7 August 2010. Learners from all over the North West got a chance to participate in experiments, listen to interesting lectures and visit the Botanical Gardens, including a hothouse. The main aim of the week was to emphasise how important science is in everyday life and it also gave the experts a chance to convince learners to study science after matric. and rewarding!”. ually stimulating nce as a career one day “Science is intellect ose scie learners should cho Prof. Jan Smit on why

in artin Smit get tch botanist M e tlhosi High wa in the hothous ofa nts M pla m of fro ies pil ec Pu s of sp troom. e of the hundred efs on tch th Po wi in ch ns tou l Garde at the Botanica


Bana Balang Project is supported by the National Lottery Distribution Trust Fund

Make your own “outer space” ruler You will need a pair of scissors, cardboard and glue 1. Cut the shape of the ruler out neatly. 2. Find something sturdy to paste the ruler on. (Eg. a cereal box or any thick cardboard) 3. Paste the ruler onto the board. 4. Cut it out and you’ve got yourself a new ruler!

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Xolani Lomo from Nisizwe and Ofentse Maluleka from ODI at the McDonals u/14 soccer tournament that was held in Promosa last month

Bana Balang September 2010