PA G E
August 26, 2016
The science of history helps uncover the story of a Marine’s World War II rifle From Naval History and Heritage Command, Underwater Archaeology Branch
ASHINGTON (NNS) – The Naval History and Heritage Command (NHHC) Underwater Archaeology Branch recently began an assessment of a M-1 Garand rifle used by U.S. Marine Corps raiders during the Makin Island raid in World War II. The Makin M-1 was originally discovered in 1999, when the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command’s Central Identification Laboratory Hawaii (CILHI) returned to Makin Island to relocate, recover and repatriate the remains of the Marines who died there. The raid, which took place Aug. 17-18, 1942, destroyed enemy radio communication points, fuel, military stores and helped divert attention from the 1st Marine Division landing on Guadalcanal. During the raid, which was remarkably launched from the submarines USS Nautilus (SS 168) and USS Argonaut (SM 1), 19 Marines from the 2nd Raider Battalion lost their lives and were buried together on Makin Island. The rifle was discovered in the grave and returned to CILHI before its eventual transfer to the Raiders Museum located at Marine Corps Base Quantico (MCBQ).
After more than 50 years buried in a wet environment, the Makin M-1 displays significant surface concretions, corrosion and physical damage. Curators at the National Museum of the Marine Corps (NMMC) reached out to archaeological conservators at the NHHC Underwater Archaeology Branch to perform an assessment of the artifact and help ascertain its stability. Prior to transportation of the Makin M-1 to the NHHC Archaeology & Conservation Laboratory at the Washington Navy Yard, the USMC Explosive Ordnance Disposal team at MCBQ inspected the rifle interior to ensure it contained no live ammunition. Conservators then performed a detailed examination of the Makin M-1, documented its current condition, and are now developing treatment plans to address its immediate and long-term preservation. The M-1 Garand is a .30
Kate Morrand, an archaeological conservator at Naval History and Heritage Command’s (NHHC) Underwater Archaeology Branch, displays an M-1 Garand rifle used by U.S. Marine Corps Raiders during the World War II attack on Japanese military forces on Makin Island. Due to the rifle’s significant surface concretions, corrosion and other physical damage, NHHC Underwater Archaeology Branch is performing an assessment of the artifacts stability. Photo by Arif Patani
caliber semi-automatic rifle, which lent a significant advantage to U.S. troops during World War II and marked the first time semi-automatic rifles were generally issued to the U.S. military for use in combat. The M-1 Garand is equipped with a gas cylinder located beneath the barrel. Gas pressure produced when firing a round traveled back through the gas cylinder to drive the piston and operating rod back, eject the empty cartridge case and push the next
round from the clip into the chamber. This auto-reload system allowed for reliable, quick fire capability and reduced recoil which helped maintain accuracy. In addition to being an important piece of U.S. military history, the Makin M-1 is also particularly significant for the Marine Corps as it was used in one of the earliest engagements of Marine Corps raiders in the Pacific. NHHC, located at the Washington Navy Yard, is re-
Navy announces adjustments to time-in-grade waiver policy By Chief of Naval Personnel Public Affairs
WASHINGTON (NNS) – The Navy announced an update to the policy for commanders and captains with at least 24 months time-in- grade (TIG) to request a waiver to retire at their current rank before completing their 36 month time-ingrade commitment in NavAdmin 182/16 Aug. 17. Rather than a blanket authorization for officer communities to forward a TIG request to the chief of naval personnel for approval determination as outlined in NavAdmin 371/08, now every officer community will decide if TIG requests can be supported and only forward a request for consideration if community health would allow the early loss of that officer. However, hardship or special circum-
stance cases may be considered for all communities on a case-by-case basis. The message also provides guidance on when an applicant should include a nextlower-grade (NLG) waiver request in the TIG waiver application. NLG waivers provide the option to retire at the next lower grade rather than the current rank. Navy Personnel Command (NPC) may authorize an officer to be retired the lower grade if they do not meet the time-in-grade requirement. A spreadsheet of communities accepting TIG and NLG waivers is posted at www.public.navy.mil/bupers-npc/officer/communitymanagers/pages/officer-retirement-waivers.aspx, click on Force Shaping Lever Chart to download the spreadsheet. This information will be updated by community managers as needed. Officers are expected to meet their serv-
ice obligations unless a TIG or NLG waiver is approved. Retirement, TIG and NLG waiver requests for active component commanders and captains are made through NPC Officer Retirements Branch (PERS-835) by calling (901) 874-3180/3183 (DSN 8823180), or e-mailing email@example.com. Reserve officers will submit their requests through NPC’s deputy director for Reserve Personnel Administration (PERS91B) by calling (901) 874-4482/4483 (DSN 882-4483). For more information, read NavAdmin 182/16 at www.npc.navy.mil. For more information, visit http:// www. navy.mil, http:// www. facebook. com/ usnavy, or http:// www. twitter. com/ usnavy. For more news from Chief of Naval Personnel, visit www. navy. mil/local/cnp/.
sponsible for the preservation, analysis, and dissemination of U.S. naval history and heritage. It provides the knowledge foundation for the Navy by maintaining historically relevant resources and products that reflect the Navy’s unique and enduring contributions through the nation’s history, and supports the fleet by assisting with and delivering professional research, analysis, and interpretive services. NHHC is composed of many activities including the Navy Department Library, the Navy Operational Archives, the Navy art and artifact collections, underwater archeology, Navy histories, nine museums, USS Constitution repair facility and the historic ship Nautilus. For more information, visit http:// www. navy.mil, http:// www. facebook. com/ usnavy, or http:// www. twitter. com/ usnavy. For more news from Naval History and Heritage Command, visit http:// www. navy. mil/ local/ navhist/, http://www. facebook. com/ usn history/, http:// twitter. com/ USNHistory/, http:// usnhistory. navylive. dodlive. mil/, http://www.flickr. com/photos/ usnhistory/ or http:// www. instagram. com/usnhistory/.
Weekly newspaper for Naval Air Station Pensacola