Page 1

 

   -     !-"


   #$%& " () *(  *() * - *# . 

     / @& 1 -   /

:     :  ,   ! : $   + : ,  +)& : /*01 ( . *+! 2$, $   + 3455/78 . (+&.   %  *+: 74;34 . 4-3=7>-?>74-77 . 4-3=7>-?>73 Homepage: www.chumchonthai.com E-mail: contact@chumchonthai.or.th : : .+ / 2549 : 3, 000   : 100 (




 ...     !  "!  #$% 




&'( )  !* *'# + ,(!* *".' * /0  !1  230/ 4#  "**/"5 /4*




+/+… …'6/ $**  /0" 78&6#0 2

4#/&  7"**/ /&#  8#6# 2 ,,,":' /"0"*//";/*- /*   /*  * </ $*6#/*-   6#  




(   H (- H Exchange = &!* H *  I . H /2  H **2 I2 H /2 H /2 * H !*/ H (-J I*2




(- 0K+( &  ". / &*& * ( !.    !  *  !(&/*  I **  I I0L&%*  !# $ !.02(0KJ 02*  (. @!. &M  & . / 0  "  !.+  *-   3 .+ / 3?5N ! 2* ( * > .+ /  & *   ?   !#20 =-8 ! ! 2I !((!#* 0L * *!#& ! O &! .**2 (Kawthaung) 2  (Maliwan) .  +& (Karathuri) 0*0RS (Bokpyin) /&T2 O (Lenya)  % &%+ (Theinkun) .2 ,& (Tenessarim) ! 22 (Mergui) I !# 2  %I@0!  * ( *O( 02 ! 2     I*2  =-8 !&@ $ !  @&&& , $ / 2  .  +& 0*0RS  O   %! 2.2 ,& @& @ $)U .2 ,&.2 @.& (Tanintharyi Division) .2 @. &!(0L ; -" / *2 (Kawthaung District) @&/(/ +*2 2  .  +& 0*0RS! 2 /&T2   I$(+    (  &  J   *2M+. 74   ! !. !20$.2 -"2 O/ (Myeik District) /(/ +@&  02  (Palaw) 2 .2 ,& ! 2.-(  % &  VKW!  /";0&  /"; ' ! 2-"  /(/ +@&    (Dewe Diastrict) 2X  (Thayetchung) ! 2(2 $ (Yebyu)




Exchange = &! * #$  5 / /         !! 2*  - &  *  2 O! 2(* &2O! 2 I* & 7 .+ / ( .*&* *- * $2 @+ ! 2 I2..& ; *"$*O. I2* 7     * ! 2   *02+&02 (/&&%  I2 3 +, *(*  ! â&#x20AC;&#x153; 2  I*2( ;  & 3 .+ /  & &2.&. â&#x20AC;? *-    74 ,% & 3 $ % /  / I!2-2%0 (   IX2@#! 2+ ( I*  @0 ( I*&/ 5?4  2  +#$*  +*  @!   0!((  *& +  *& ! ! 2(+&-* & * 0!(( ! 2 $2* *   @.(+/! 2*   & & -0&,   *  "! 2 @#+  & -* Y/  -* . . 0 !..  -&. !(..& ! 2(*.  â&#x20AC;&#x153;* . ! 2I â&#x20AC;? *     +.0 . /% (..) 2 2 % *. ./*   !. / &# 2/ 0L  *. .* (..   & 34 & **.. +.0 /&$*  0 I&/(* / ! * $ 0* % & !0 * -* % &. 77  ! 2 0*. $ /+*!( * && /&*+  * ! 2 I * *O&/-&! â&#x20AC;&#x153;-  &â&#x20AC;? //-   +  7?4 (* ($. 2  ! * * (/!I &.! .!   & !.0 I/.  *(* â&#x20AC;&#x153;&! *â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;! *   â&#x20AC;? * (!2-0(   




  ! 20(    0/&$* &* 3-; ! *  &   I(   /%(* â&#x20AC;&#x153;&  â&#x20AC;? !.*O,  /&*/ ! 2&!   â&#x20AC;&#x153;>4 (.  â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153; .& â&#x20AC;? ! 2  I* (*! 2(   *  â&#x20AC;&#x153; *  2 2 +*/&/. Exchange !.&!*â&#x20AC;? " *Z/-&@ & *O$  I â&#x20AC;&#x153;*! * *+ I0L&**+ Iâ&#x20AC;? /- Exchange +*/& "$*O. .0L&&V .   0! * ! 2! * 0L   /! 20[ Exchange &$+% %  (*.) .&/  & *  &&0[ Exchange %/2 @&* ( â&#x20AC;&#x153;&! *â&#x20AC;?  */ ! 2 0. . \ % %% / # . / Exchange = &! *â&#x20AC;?   2&   * (  * %   * @

/!*+ : /-.(& / â&#x20AC;&#x153;2! *.  Orderâ&#x20AC;? ! 2  

 (" *Z/-&@  0M@*  0]S ! 2! 2M@* (!*& * * *0I*%% 0L/*.  & ! * *(+* / !. ! *  %!2 0*...& / * I20   * (020  0*! !.0&/!* &(* .( 0 I&(* &   (& +" +*  **/ * (  0& *.. / *(*0(#$J /I & 0 I J / @$ $*. - ! *  *J J / @*O  (* .! *0 & ?4 (.   *- 2! *  MI%0&*(*O /+* (#$ */!   ! *  . ;8 (.   (* J / @ !  %I@ %&*/ @ 0  /& &! * 0 I .0 #$ * (*#$ *  ! *  &(*& #$ **$,    /$ #$ *(* 0! *% 


.0/. Exchange %&(! *  =4, 744 ( &%  ! * =4, 744   ! 2.&  (*  .  % @/  ! *    !.  (* &.O* !.-&! ** !   * (    * (! %^*0*2 2   **  ! 2&  & *  *(/I  *O* ( ! 2   !* . !   I+ ! * &  &!. ,  @ 2*O   @ @ .( !..! *  *  &!.  744  &+*( /! & *   (* ( *... / MI0L&/!I I I '# * I*2

"#


*  I . ( ; , *O%0 *2 *  ! 2M@@* V&.   2*   *&$ ! 2* &%&     *&@-  @O 0& %%^*   &   * *  -I %0!(( 344 ( * & -%0*-2$*2 * V I0L  @* V& M@   (. @!.+  .*  * --  _@  / (   ( \ YI &$ $*  @  *& (/.( !.!  *O % I* 0L&$ * I*2 ! 2+ . % &. @$(*2 O* \ /% ((* $ 0. 

I+ .  &  - & /% (I.2*0L" ;-5 ( . /II#*  ( ! 2 JJ)0  .02) ? & *O I*2 O0[  #*'$ $+7/*- %&0L" *Z.  *  2@& %I@VKW .0  .. 0. ..  20 &/ ( % (    .( 02   &&@  **+  O  2  -*! 2 $0& 2/ ..  /+ $.  % M $*   # % . &  & $ "* ( ! 2 *%  "20  @-  ! 2*&@  $ ! 2%&" (/- ! 2(* *   02 . ,.% %&  2 .2 ,&0L%  @! &/$ **2 ! 2.2 ,& / $ O 0*0RS! 2*2 /-(* % .* (%$ & * .* &   *  I.  + & $(*!* &  Imperial Gazetteer of India MI -  *Z 744 0R *2(+  /"; + /+0 $  ! 2 &VKW(* ":'  

""


&*O (& @&2 -.2 ,& /0L%  &/ , $ !./&&(* 0L* ( -  %0L / 2$ !  +*&&20/ ! &/, $ %I(* +"  %2.. .  O* \  +J.0  20@& *  .-  %+J.**+ (*  *   ;4 &  *+ * ( /    *- ;4 & !2 * *!*2MI&$ ; ! / *2. (Kawthaung Motel) !Y &(& Y. (Honey Bear Hotel) ! 2.2 @.&   (Tanintharyi Inn) /$2  5?4 - 844 (./  */     .* /! 20*O  * ( I(*  **2 20 O *O0*0RS ( 5 , * -2  I & &! %    /  *2 (*2    /+* ( O*/I &*02) 34 & *O I %M  M& .  .* * ( *& * (&&20 M(* .   0 %. 33  (*2  //$( ! 2 2 $X2.  *20&&20.!# .- % +J.* ( *+   (  +J. - M0 *&*2. 0] 3 - (/ 5 / M */ & &* /.-* . 20L/ *0L/ -/& *! 2/  %M.-* *(.  /  .*   * *O(  . & *     !I- %& *O M /+!#* &%!. > O M $ "  & ( . ! !.-&*  ! 2-+* `) /-&  >   &/%  * ((  &  M(* *  %I  (*. .*. !(  -& VKW  3  * & (   I.( **+2 ! 2.O *2 * 

"


(*!0 ( *& !.( ** ( %  /+)/ . @ %.(  ! 2(*  #0L/(*/+)0 (/+)! 2 !  /+)2

#$ .- ( *.  O*$ !* 0!  V  &/ V   /+)  I $ . * * %! O0[@&% &%. @ %&%/  " *Z. .! 2/ MR. JO &2 * 0L .  *I.. !O*$& ..  *  7   

 .$!*2-2%

"


/2     = /   ( *.  O*! 2/% ( +$2  . 02 . ,.&V %&0 ,. & 7N 2 &*2 + . *Z 0*/ 2 &20L0L,$* *0*/ !.2 * 0L @&- ,$*0*/ 0. @&*2 / @ 2  0L $*# -& / ! 2+  2 &&%*! 2 /(/ -  0K+( 2 & 20L.-( $%.-"*2 )U .2 @.&$* VKW*  * %$ *VKW   &/, $ 2 I0LI0[&20 **! * .$  .$/  O*&@0L%!&0 (&.. 0L *!**  34 0R !. &@ / &@&0[ )MR. JO *** M% ! 2@. a /(  ! 202* 02 * (  0.& 0* % O   #(   )Siam Jonathan+ *  - &! 2M(*  0L(  /   0* 02  0 I(  %. a % Air Bagan %. a !(* $  & * (%@# +0*)/ *20b ($ 2! 2 # &   /  J&O  *VKW   $( 2V.* (*! 2&@ $/%.& â&#x20AC;&#x153;( -.&* 0R*â&#x20AC;?  " . O( *- .& $.//!I  *   * V0R* !.( !! V M  !.M * (* * I *   $.  *2 . O/!/%%    @* %&!(( ! 2%*    $$  *I O! 2* *- *-*%!/I &. @ O* \ $% M   ( !/*- *& 2/-  0$($ * ( !  !.20$*

"


+  &  !02($  (*! 22  !  %/- 2( !/-  / / !/   & !/0L+  / +#  # -   $/-.($!  !/.(0L "  “ + ” **%*  %(+& Y  !YO/! 2 $* 02"*VKW $$ */$M*O* (   **.  0 I ;   /% ( (*#  $ ** (/ /I&&@  *I* ! 2/+  * *O  &$ 0K*.&  &! 2* 

$2 

%(M*Y *Y * &*2 $*2!.+0$c- 0$c-0L / ( &   2 &*2 / * &*2  !*VKW  0L/(   2 $ 0$c   *0K* **2&!./ & *20L% 0L &$%/ /$* & *!* +  Y  $ ! 2/$ !. *0*@-2 J *2*O J /I% ! 2$ *2 O &+ 0R 3?34

"


*Y&&$&2   O**&&2 &0 %%0 . *O%0 \  \ 2 *2* (2 0K+(  ;  &/$ ?-> /(/ 0L//J. 0L.2*$ &Y**&@ ***2 / $& 2   &  (  J !20$.2 0L * +/+  *Y*  2%*Y/% / (.I*0$ ;  @ -! 20L%02 . *0O/*- M 02 /+  *Y*O/0.& /  &&0L $*#-& $ ".  + & * (*Y#$  !.&/ 0L%%*    *!0L".  -  / $/";& / ( =  @ ) - / $/"; / .   0L !& *   0X \!/*2 2 0$ VKW %0L....*0$VKW

!#0[)/ + 

/+  *J* (& ! 2(**O("(! 2 $0* @* * .2 +& * @* * ! 2* /-  -* @* *

"


$. *( *.  O* 0[)/ +  I*2 @   $ & -* @*I* (  * @*/.  . * @*0[`)& !#  &/ O(0     Reconceptualizing the Peasantry / /&&  *+  2( 0&( +/ *" .0L02 +* @*  0 (&%* ( !   \   &   %0 (&   ... !. 20 (&  0[`)&@*O&/ I! 2/ 0L`) $$ + "3 **0[* @*  .$/   0.    /- &%.. "2 &! ( )U(. /%& *. ) !(*

   &(0. 2 #2%0 *2M+. . /";+ '# $6  /% ( (*#M *2!&@$** +   ! 2$&* /*(/I%*2M+. 0$*2  * 0L  ! 

"* %)

"


! 2( )U(.

  0 I =     , 0L 0   ! 2) &* /&* ("/.%  $*  -  !  *2 !  +  &. "   @"   2 (   / ! 2  0  0 0L,* &%.  O  0 $**.2 @.&  ( .*)U .2 @.&* 0L "-&   *  (+*0 $*0  (!  # 7N  ! 2 33   **. O(! 2*!.* *O$  &  (/ 0 I 3;   ! O0[(*!* O* \ & $*,&@ , %&%/   ( )-

0[ 2  (2 

"


*%& 0L"VKW  ($ */-(* %    *%@-   2:? /";  * ,/";  /*7,    ' ''  /% ($  &@ M.0[(*&  0  */$ 0[ % J*O0*d.. * %(%&0L" % %&0L ". .! 2   - % I%. ! 2 &,  &0[%/    &. ( 0L " I*%0%&%/ %&0L" 3?5N % 77-=344>

2+( 2 

 0@-  *-%)$0I &(*  0L !.$   (& !((2 &(& !((2 ! 22 @ ( !((2 ( & &   ! %!((2 */ @  / @ 2 ! 20L2  &  ( &*  &O.  = &$!  &!./! 2(  *)2&@ @- ! O%/ ".O0  %@- ! 2%/

! %0"O ! %0["!#$( /  @- ! 2/ #$( /& @2 +, *VKW! 2*VKW

"


! 2 -&%./ "  0 0[%/ &.  . .  J +*  -/  & 0[&@&%& ! 2@-  *  0[ %&0L"! 2"  * (2 &@. @2(*  /!*/  / /  &!(@. 0[%/ & * / 4#":%%  * , # #66+#$'  '$&/0 /<  *( I*0[    #4 /*  @  @ ! 2 /, #'  /,*' 6

0[ J -/  &

! 2    $*+d 2 2! 2*+d  %&0L" (*+d %&#$   *+d .&@ !.*+d &/ *&+ /*+d    *+d &%/ %&  *+d   2  +e ! 2  O( .    

#


( 02- 2 

 $0, 0$c` &&%/ "%&(*  * @! 2 /(/   $0( &0L  0[J. % 2  & &  2  ". 0K.*  //&  ) 2

   /)2,I*! 20d ( .  .2.0]1***+ :  34 .. /. 3?55  ". \ /  ! 2 **O("0d  &&2(X *) 0R 3?5> & /! 2($)   @$02+$0&  +, **VKW  *  - &$ /+$* (@- @-&@ $   ! 20L/ !2-0M *f .&a VKW  M! 2( *.  O**-  /+* (  & /2 &* 2 V .*%  !.*O + @  */$2&* *%0  /+ 20L/@J $ *  0K*.   *Z /&& VKW &  ` %.*-!! 2(*  /-(+J& 2

0L02- **+: *O* *2*O&  #0c  *  * 0R&@2

& 33 .+ / ! 2  J -(+J

"


  2 

*+d   2 




**  2  */ 2 3   /   !$)** (AB) ! 2 !$)** (AC)  @     ,I*! 20d ( .  *2 +.* *+: 0R 3?53 ! 2 3?5; . - ( *(  2  .+# 02* 02*!*  % 02*& I &2 X  **   &@ M 0*  * #(#$/ O(! 2 *!.* O%%/*     @//! 2(/  *&(  *  *%! 2(0L" ! 2  (*.( (0L"*  !. $%(2..* (*% *  &@0L2 0*  4 '  /

%/*%2 

 *f .&a !.%! %/* $ /+* (%* 2*! 2(*   (* ! 2%(/+) !.*%I@  (  /




I !2  % %( *   ,(  +#/+ !.*O@ & -/ J * *O/ @ X   ***-*' CD "3 . &

   * * ) !. * 

 0 * * (* + !  %0 *%( !*+  /+* (   I* (*VKW (*  0L $*/+  0K+( &$&  / /2 & *+ %/  &&  @/ &* /0L (%& @ (0$ J! 2 / (!% *** +* / * (/0K*.VKW "(&^  /02 (02 . \ &*VKW    @g *0 +* .+h*.

*h+. & & .$O . ! 2 \  &.*O*O/ $0  & *02 ( : (*  '# +*"6+0'#  '# +*"6+    &O(# ( ( $**&@& /+*  / $0  0$c &(@-2   2 #$&    $ ./0K*.

* 0$c 0L2(X *)%  O . ?  * 2($0*+ :

0L$0* +%. + , * _




 @($ 0$c ,  O . ?, * +%.+ , * _ ) ( 2 

#  .%&*2*(J *2* &g *J " &2(X *)%2( O02$ /0K+( ! 2 O2 &

0L$0  % 01  &&2X *)%2$ /0K+(  ! 2 .- 0L$0 &( I*/ -%/(/

&*/+* (!% ! * &2  .% * &2  0L/   0$c0L/ ( &   2  !% 0L O*2 &!./ & 0 # .&@0L !. $*0 $* *ZI 0 . .*0L% /2 0K+( & 54-?4 /(/  J0L/i/!*  O* + $*0&&VKW ! 0VKW 20!  VKW0L ( . &&  *  -(* !   (%  &@$! 2&  % 0L/ !. $ /+* ( 2 * * - $ * ^K#$  




g *(% 2 

**(  .0&(* (*%)2*-  . * *$ *  0K*. 0L/2  *- 0L $*#& .&%* 2 -  *Z0*/   O**0& &VKW & & 2+. -" 2+   2 0K+( *& $* ; / $&2! 2$ *+ : * / 2 ! 2*20L#  *2//& 0*2   *Z0 &,$*0*/ 2 0L* ( 2 *M * *M *2 2 2  !. V !*2! 22 *** 

2 & *O *(*  0L  02) ;4 0R *. @$& @- % -(*  O 0L *0L   2   &  ( / J. %2   @&$2  2! 2 *+: 2 0L%.&0  " &*2&$ /* ($  *  & / 0*/2  //- * *




0d  02-(* (2 

&-  *  2   20L.-( &*- 0*/ 0L/#&(+J @ !.  0L/&* 2  !0L/&* 2  ...

** @ / * 0L*-  0L $*/I& 0L $* %2  *&!0L/ *VKW  * **@-0L*-  **@- && .$ **@- 0L*- $ 8 0R*O *... ( &  (   2    &/ @. J  ...O / %* ( /  & I0L#$-  **@- *- 2 0L   I +% *(* $ * !.- *& * (%&@*  / \ &@ 0L/&*** 0L0L** I +%%&! 2****  +% *  . @%%&*  %! ***$ * &&  **(*  % **/ *   !.**/%I@ &  +%  * ! 2**&* %! ***$%I@ && **(*  %  ** +% * !   +%2%I@&**O.




 / % +%&*-  ! 2(* * . &*   / .-!.- % * (#$*  &@$* $% +% ! 2.-! ** //0   % O:*2 -+" &- * . -  !2$VKW !.**O .*  . & &&&*0L 2 ( $& &MO &! 2M \ & $ 2  (%*.   ($(&M&! 2^&& & &/ +%$* (*- ! 2 &@** +* && ( (.

, (*

**  *!20 $(@-&$*0*  *  J* -  .0.00*0RS !.  0 @+ &* 3-; *  .




% * @+    ! 2  %  %$(@- I(@-   ! ++"   *  (@-2 $/ *!((/ (@-(* /0$$0 *   0$ *$    @     #  ! 2. ** ( O & @-2 0L@-+  &!&@*(*   &* @ 0L*-   0L!

*(@-* 0L  & , * _  _ 0L$0 *  &!X*.*  !. , * _  _     ! 2 



 &, * _  _ (2 

*%&$ *  *%( 0L( %VKW %.*2 ! 22   ^K&$* *0  ( $& &! 2  M  *(* @ /2 * (20LJ. & /2 * 0L/ .* ! .../^*0$* +* !(+J 02)& dd20d ( . %/2 * +*02** (2 # &@  * (  # 2 $ 33   MI0L &* %* I 33  ! 2(%  &.. @!.%0 20[#"(  ( &@/(** (02.$(**& (* &%V "! 2 *Z )* /)  /)  *#* VitI love you Vittaya * !$  !.**  /***& \ .&%**0L/*2(+& ( $! (*+ .&%VKW / *** & 33    0L+0- % ( &+1




(* &%V (** 2 

0   *    @ &/ &/. ( . &**.( % ( $+1 ? 0R 0( ** (  *J   @.* !.*  $+ 1 ; 0R &J. & 33    I !Vc* ( ! 2** I.$& 33   I0K+( 

0d  *!*( ** 2 

 &0& I* (**J   "'%/ 0$' MI0L J! 2-/ J%"/. &/"/. 2$+%02,  J.

#


* (( &@(#&).   I&%^** 33  VKW0  $*  54 0R & $* > / +*/& &VKW /I0L ^^[&2 &*/$-" 2+ &*/-&*+ : $*&*/*- & & VKW $*& &. -$(* (!& 33   (**! 2-    @ $    (0L  && " (J  2&"&! 2-2*O*O("&/   ! 2 . $!* \ & &!./$* 0L! ( % &   & &@*  /&0$VKW  $VKW&@ ?4 /  +0*) / /02 (.*!.(/ * ((  J *VKW 01  *VKW   @0d  $02.* &*! 2.   0+b! 2+0*)/&**.*VKW    $**VKW  @  *.$+$ &+/* *.$    4 /";*#, /E$ @ * $ @   I*.$ &0KJJ  "F$ *

 VKW  & (** 2 

"


( &@ *- (*% 20VKW 2// .0L * &   $* *(! 2!.* (  %&@ * **  *% ( & % *% ( 2 *% ( ( %&@ * ^K  $* & 

$ !.% , g *(** 2 

  M& ^K$  *  '#   '*  $ %)2&+*/ 0g *&!% ((  %I@ @%( ** (** ( !.&@0 (&$ M I/ 0L(/ /&* *2  I0*0RS&$ 74 *  / %$ &*(** (*  * (.  V /0  & *!   O*.  + @% **-#+%& *-  * ((    7N  0!  @-.*2

$%  M  20 $ (*  *01 / @&@ (#  $* !..    Ma Kyone Galet % Ma Ohmar MI%&   @-.*2 !&@0L@-.*.&@ &  ..  * (0 7N     / .0 \  &$/   ! 2 (&@0L  & (**   ;4 & !. &( &(* (g *(% g *0L  $#  \  0L%g * !.




+   0L2&** g *  / . % / 0L  2  -%& . !2$ !.  /  *2  I *& .!(( #$* $* (% & &  &*  && .!((  ( & .* * ( ! 2.  ! 2/  &@/! 2/-  J & *(! % ! 202, ! 20L02 O&   .%// .2 * O  /*%)**7 &(! 2%.  &  &@ 20L/2  0L  !.2& 2

 /  %&   2  0L &. @$2  (*2 *. &0 (*2) 02,"&...0L*2&$*   2% 02, &...2    % @2 *   * *20*2 02) ;4 &  $* .2*$ 2 & - &20 (0+! 2M!M *!*% 2  &. @$(  )@&% ,.2*$ 0L**+,  +2  &  * *(-OJ*+, ... I  *  $* % 2 &0L 2   *2  2 * M!M! 2(-+  2  0R+, * 3?;N !   .2" *+* ( .0   2 00L ) .0 0R+, * 3?57   - **2 +(    . 0R 3?5; +. / &2. 2.0]1*  -/)2,I*! 20d ( . .2.0]1* * **+: 0  2 0 #0c& 2  +. (  *-  2+( ! 2 &2022+( I0 )&2202

* (* #0c +. *O /*2+/ 0. $ ! 2  & 8 *+"  3?55 +. / - /)2,I*! 20d ( .  .2.0]1***+: 0  2 - & 2+/ 0. $




 2  MI&* *    0L/ **2. .2($   '#--/ $-*/";&#*  /&  /+<  /&'%&#*  /";#&#*  /%/ &I*  %/ &@-   *(/    0-  %   ($)($)2   %/I MI%&   $ ,"*  *%0d ( . / 0L%!   *% !.0L &!.  %0L /  , + ,  /!(!  !.  +  @/ 0L &!  /   I 74   /% (! 2 ( /I I+  ( %I@ ! 2

* (0%%! 2*!^  * ! 2 ** (%( %(0L J /   /! $   @ #$0L! .( $* *-    &(.(  /2    $ /+ ( *O%& *.%( ! $*&/+  /"! 2 $* %(  (  * * (* *VKW &$( /+* ( +!  *$ /+* (+  ( (* 74  0L.-( * @&*! !. I 8   &/$* 02) 7?4 / !+  J$.-(   .-(  /&* & 0L.-( &J+ -"*2 02* 2 84 0L  J0L+  +&^K*O& 0L/0*2  +   2 NN &" ( /0&VKW!  * (& + & 74  &...02) 544-?44 /

0$VKW V  *! 2. $* O* \ %( * (*& $*( 2  @% **%& .!((^ *&%! 2$" &0R*0 &($  ; "   $! 2 (  ! 2 . * & ( ! *VKW./J&0+c!J. &$&  2 Vc!**2 J-     .... O*0&&*2(&0R 3?7= * ($VKW&@0R 3?34 /




*O0 \  \  */-&& /*  *-# VKW -&& 0L/! \ .-( . -2 /*+/0 &&*O0%&2 /VKW2*O -&& &0KJ*O* ( (/$VKW !$VKW&@ !.-( .VKW&@  $. .-I* $  *I.  *O("&2 $. )   *O.0...0VKW 0*  *O.0!#*O! $.! $0 $0 (& !((+  0L (  /&&0 *O0$  20  ! 2   & &/* .0$* 2... 20. (   2  //I% *.( ( (*  /0& 2 &/* %0] %%2 !.* %&/**  2 84 (  * ($ I*2   /*2$ " @ @ $  .../+ VKW$&( 0*/  !20$.2 (/  (  &  *  **  *  ( ( &/ (  *2 ! 2 &* !. &$ &@ 20 I  2 ( +J.  .+# / 0  "  MI! / 0  " %/ % *% (  /  (* (  !   .  * (*2 I*0.&*2M+. !.    /- V  + I.  0M+.

I!* -0 &*^*%*2  .%+%2 (!& @- %   O*\ *- +** (* @-& .    %I@0( & . @$( $  "! 2+&. @. VKW2 %*2 “(  &@I. @ 0L/” M(*&@0 $(&$(@ 




+-+*  *2

"O  -%$.  *2 @@# !.@#&O  J*VKW2! 2/$ I**.  & .  >-=  * @ ! 2     J0L"  *@ 02 . ,. ;   !  ! 2  Ma Kyone Galet % &*  I!  * @ -0  0L %$ ! 2%&  !. ( 0L/2/*2  !(( \ $* * (& /. (Moby Dick Restaurant) &0* / !*& **2  #!#0[)/% J *20L@&0  . O0[ &@!     %/ )/& @"! 2 *Z %/ " *Z&-   /%&02) â&#x20AC;&#x153;Let us free drug zoneâ&#x20AC;? %/ &0[)// 2 0L%/ 02%/  J    @ *  % &@* 0L"2%  M &*2&0KJ .  & M.(  .+&@ â&#x20AC;&#x153;Let us free drug zoneâ&#x20AC;? I0L @  * --&. $*   * * %   0 -!# % 0,*.




**2$2  & 5 *- * **2$2  *( !(*  MI 0L*( *! 20L 0] *(  02) 3 0R &* ( -/ J%  *2 2   *+ /&.+ %&@ O* .!. * &! MI! !.0L*!^ %0K %  *^   *(/I%*!^ - *O. / %%*!^ !.*%  -  !!2. @$..* (! 2+ .* (. !.( * %!$   @"! 2" *Z !( *%(& /.&. @ 0L. *O$".*  O  .$! 2/% (/  -+$( *2& =   !.   * 0 MI-0  (+ $0( @&%(+ $00KS. @  $(&$ * . (+$2 (**( !. & @  *.  * .  #$0L */+0*6$ " &4#*/$ +- ! 2 /# 4#"# / *  .X  '/*(  *)) %+. +.   2/&@ # 2 *.0  # VKW  &*(*)&&@*O/  0 *0L, .$. X*%  *0L, .$* 2   0L &%I@  ! 2 * * !. 20L, .$*   **O $0 * ((+0!  M(* * (+0L* . & J% 2/0L2  * & 0LI & (+ 2% !./.-!




$0( @(+

** (+  0.  # ;   0 I!* 2%0 *2M+.  ! 2 * J&  (   #$  0   $*2M+. !. 0!     %2!/( \ 0  *2M+. 0 IO$( &(. @$& !.    *O  * ( 2   O/    IVKW /% ( /V[2 5 h  54 h -

 /% (  /-  - 2&@  ( #$.(-+ M.(




!^ & 2 *  *    ( , I!0L2   & ! #$/I .  )2  &0L( . %     . ** #$/ /  0 /-.(

2$*2M+.

 0*O I( *2   (+J. "( ! 2  / &M@-* ( * I( I   " ! 2   *.  0K.*(  * &(%0O/   .#*. *20b&/. * %( * *20b0L(!*&&.  &0] *20b. / *

+ . *(+**%I@   & &@0&$0**&$( + . * . @2(* $ 2 I$ *O/$  &/ +** %0L+ ; .

744 .!#% ! 2 .+ * /.  * %! 2   !.! / @%2 % &/ + . *** % ** . * *20b+*/. # * *20b*   &0L0KJ/*20b!0[&% $** ( !(^ &***20b! 2- %*  




   / @ 02//-  2% I.(   ;   !  "/. !(^*& * (2( *& * (! !*M   2 % .( 0KJ%* (   *.  %M *20b# & * (*.*  !.I*(...  *20b!0[* (!(^ 0L2(   $*20b/  *O0L2( /  *  2  2(  / &$/0L" .. * $. *2 0L  %&   0K.*( *2( "$*O.&% /0 ! 2 (   & *  $ 2&  $ !. I& 2*O/ ( *2&! *  (   & *  !.- . !( "$*O.(  !.*O &0 02   % *  *  * &  . //- &0[* (M  *.( M.( (  VR & - @%I@! 2  #&   \ /M.(! 2!   *(  * *O2/ *% *( &@ &- ( *2 * (*2 &* ; 

 2 *(  (  I@- &( /I.((*  ,%@-      $   &/ @.(  &&*2  /-.(&@  !.   . *(* $   2&&*2 /   2 *2* ("  *  2 $@-  (* (/I #$ @$ "* ( .  $ *%%. M %%&(! 2&$0L" (* 0L/&$ .-( !X  -"  (0L((%$ . .%  0 

#


. M*2" &&&$*2! 20c $ ( . M*- 2* (  %(*  /0*J(+&! 2&" &  /0-&*J(+& 02 ( + +1! 2%   -( ..   %  20 02  .( %(* 2 &/$* &  *O& !.* /$$( (*  20 &   2! 2& !(* 0L/( ( - O* +#$ 02) =4 * / ! 2 *(  O * &(* (*(  ./. *&   & + * (  *.(  /  O* * &. . %  " *Z  *  (/-   $6+ 6/*- (New Light of Myanmar)  @0L @% ! 2.  (  IO/   * 02) 7    (* $ " *Z-& *Z (* ($ *+  * $0! 2 $ (*  %&@  /(*     $ / .  !./%&@ &

 (* (!(* 

"


/(  (  7    *O  ( O/ --*  $0 * ( /( !(*  * @ .! 2  0[. (%(@! %$/ (  I M(* . %%0. . ..  0& (  !.0 X& 0L" *Z  @-$& &@0& /  ! 20L& %#$ &J.  ( I*   &a *X& ! 2 * &$* I    -& X& X& ! 2&@0[** %! 2 &@0@- I- & @-!((&@0 * (VKW ! 2* 0@-* V @-( !&@ *0*(  * M* (*! 2 * (&*/ @  .. 2 $X2 M &*/$ %20.  *I*O* ( ! 2 J 0%I@ & $* (   &/ .$/  O*/ * (*.$%!*2 M(*  / &@@!(( )Impress+ ! 2  !0 0L  I* I*+ , 02!(( )Impressionism+ (* /!0   ,02 (  +02) 34 0R @**+/ ;  M(* ; h    M(* ; ( $ %I@  2*  ; !( M(* .@! 2 ( &*d-% ."  7? 0R%  02 @- ! 2 .  @ Impress / !0 02 ( !./ !0   ,!*    ! ("     0&!. 2 !&M / Kyai Pyan Hotel 0 I! M$ /+* ( *. ( ! 2  2 *   *! /.*      34  ! ;?  ./ (*  *O  !.M! 2 *%I@0 $ &$ @ 5  /&!*2 2!& ^  * $ 3  I! &*  .*  !.M*O(*   *%/ /  @ 3




 ! 2*  * 547 2 &  2   ! 2I.$ 548 I*  *&& & !.$/  .  I+0  & *O/ 20L  @ 2 /+)2 *! *O&/*  . X2  02) ? O I 5 +  * @^ !& *$ >  @  @(+ 0L %!0L(( $*/I&- !. $*%%((-&# &@ M(* !2 & ; ! !& *0L!+ /.   .!*.M !. #0 . @/-  2... 02*!* & * 0] 02.$  I0]  *O.  I&& 0KJ  &/ @ @   02*& @-&* 02.$ 02*& 02.$@-&$ * * $*0] 02.$     *!# * 0]  !..*+ &  + $/0 (@-  0  02*&&  *&& & .  *I* % ** 2** 02"**O( !.*O(  && &*O* 2 $  &  ! 0L" $

 2 




./2 2 0L*!*   (*( I* 02 . ,.   ,. & 7= 2 0L-/ J% 0L& 0. @0[*/ . ./%* (+0   2 $*I / * .  ! 2 $*I .  *Z/  *Z-/ @!* .I   @  *Z0 &2%2 .2 ,&/ * ( !. 2 .2 ,&! 2*2I.*0L%  *Z *0 *&-  *Z2(+ 2 0 ,. & 7N &/, $   VKW(* **    &/$2 2 I* 0L@& 0[I&20  I2 I0d ( . * # !.   .   *O(% % %& **O* & MI *0* %    .*02"  (*    /   * +$ . @$%..-( .2 .*% 0 I " *Z" !.( ( X2" I M 2 M.( 1 &/ * ( Silver Villa I(* * ( /Z&  !.*O $ & 2!0 0L  /Z&   /Z    * *%*O*-* ( $*! 2 (*  %$    0L/2 /0$&2  *  ;-5  .$!((  #*!0 %M !/ 2 / !..  (  &   * % O -* ($. 2 #(    ( / * ((/ 0L( @   +*( I%(.* 0L @2 0!  %( 02.$ *(02.$* ((/# &@




(2

/% ( #M  (2 2  /% ( .( !.  !$ (Lotus / -& ) .&    (!@.   (* 0L (J *   (&@0L(%/ % ./-(* %

 % &0K+( * 0L ! 2, $%.-" (2 (2! 2 (2!*   02 ( : *  /2  &@/   % ( (. @!.,. & 7= .*   ! 2&   2 0K+(  !2 20L,$* -% *Z ! 2 *Z&    !*I / I* @+ %/ */ @& 3 !.( J 2 *O / 0L *)2%( J2 0K+(  (! 2   & #  J 0L( *  (( + *2& # !# &%(.02.$ *   ( +J/ * # #% !.2 ( J0L(* I** ! 2/ @&2 O( .I*+0 ! 2&.I*!((+0$2^[2 $I*!0 * -   %  *Z I&./2 &




 @2%(2

V &%2 0 ,. & 7N %&   2 0L  *! 2 2 "&%(&@ (O 0K+(  /2   @/ *2 @! 2J   /& * ! 2** 0L+* % &( @ *2! 22  %2 & ! 2 # O#$/ @&.*!%* \ !((   &! 2( / , /&((! 2/  /% ( &$2  /% ( (*  /2  J0L(( $*/I&- ! \ ! 2!%**2  (!%* @*  & ( / ,&) & /2 &2 *   @ .  *  *.  /+ **O(   &(!(( % /  * %2 2((* I/   * % @2 V &0L%*2 %&   2 0L /0 !. (Cosmopolitan) &*0  #$/ * ! /  * @. ! 2 # +  @V  !%* & ((   !.0K+( V & *O.  O  0K+( 2  0L /0 !. ! 20L&02*(  / *   @




 &J  M&& .&

 * !  +  "(  -0& !I 0L J+ %! 20L 02- . @$( %$  &00L *     I   &  20L" -/+$ M(*  *2 -(+J ;  ; /  -! 2&% (%&   /*02*  2 & \ !. 2$(2 & M% (! 2!%*  &@ !% I.     &02.$% I% M    $ / %* & %*  * 02.$%  0[" *Z% !.( * @ V*! 2 %I@0(  ) &% (  )(  !0   O* ! 2 J &+ + ( &)  \  &@ /$* !%I@0 I%(




/(*V &%& 744 0R*  0*. /2 2 !.*!(( $ " !.&/$ " /2 *O2 /+"    VKW(**  *  /$  / 2 2  \  \ ! 2%/+  

)  M&& .&

 %/ &@   I @( &#$/! I!* /+"&  ! 2 0( \ .0 ($&J $ /& (*&@% * & ( 2J  @&0d * * (*$ /+% !.%0  J  @ $  M(    *$ */ 2   # (*#M $ */I-&@-!%O !.@-!%O @ $& 0L&%M! 2/% ( 2.(   *+ ! 2 &*  0 I/  %0 $!/  @ ! 2!**-  .2/ 0c * *.2/ %I@  $ &   .2/ *  * (*&   * # .( (/ @! 2& 2 ! 2&M+(M (0L" /-  ( &@ *  2 &* "!/  @ 




$0! 2 (% %$  /$ &/$ %/+ !./ \  @ / &$  2/-&VKW /  %I ($J0&*/ @

!.!% 2

&!% 2




 & I  &  &!&@0L &% J! 2$ & 0L  @ X( */!   & ! 2*  %+ *%$ &0L02 !.. @ 2* .-+  0L" **+  *   $0 \  \  @! 2!*.(*  ! 2.* * " * 

$0O  (  *%0 22+( %2+(

&2 $0  @202! 22&$ 202 !.   ( 2 202 &/ -  $  2O* %* (    "  (*&^K / @ ! 2 /   &@ /1 /

#


ERROR: stackunderflow OFFENDING COMMAND: ~ STACK:

Profile for Blackham Nuanchan

หนังสือเยือนไทยพลัดถิ่นในพม่า  

เยือนไทยพลัดถิ่นในพม่า

หนังสือเยือนไทยพลัดถิ่นในพม่า  

เยือนไทยพลัดถิ่นในพม่า

Advertisement

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded