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10 dinozauri care au trait pe teritoriul româniei 10 dinosaurs that lived in romania 2013, iulie 8

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Wednesday, November 24, 1892

Zece specii de dinozaur de la care homo sapiens au "mostenit" spatiul carpatodanubiano-pontic 10 species of dinosaur that homo sapiens have "inherited" the Carpathian-Danubian-Pontic Dinozaurii de pe teritoriul Romaniei sunt atipici prin prisma faptului ca erau "dinozauri pitici". Dimensiunile lor reduse se datoreaza factorilor de mediu din zona in care aceste creaturi traiau, astfel, in Cretacic, Transilvania era o insula micuta din Oceanul Tetis (Marea Mediterana de astazi).

De asemenea, se considera ca Transilvania era locul ideal pentru dinozaurii pitici, mai ales ca aici nu existau dinozauri pradatori, nefiind necesar sa se faca mari pentru a se apara in fata pradatorilor.

Marea Thetis si Carpatii


Zalmoxis

Telmatosaurus

Acest ornitopod poarta numele zeului dacilor si a trait in perioada Cretacicului (70-65 de milioane de ani). Diferitele subspecii ale lui Zalmoxis atingeau o lungime de maxim 4,5 metri.

Zalmoxes was a rather small bipedal herbivore, but stoutly built with a large triangular head featuring a pointed beak and a short neck. The species Z. robustus was smaller, 2 to 3 meters long (7 to 10 ft). Z. shqiperorum was 4 to 4.5 meters long (13 to 15 ft). The small size was explained by Nopcsa as an instance of insular dwarfism.

Acest hadrosaur a fost descoeprit in 1893 de catre Flavius Nopcsa, care l-a numit initial Limnosaurus transsylvanicus. Nopcsa i-a schimbat numele in Telmatosaurus in 1903 (telma insemnand "pamant mlastinos"). Telmatosaurus avea o lungime de cinci metri si cantarea aproximativ 500 de kilograme.

In 1915 Nopcsa referred his species, as an Orthomerus transsylvanicus. However, since the 1980s, Orthomerus has been considered a nomen dubium, leading to a revival of the name Telmatosaurus. Fragmentary hadrosauroid material from Spain, France and Germany, that had been referred to Orthomerus, is now often assigned to Telmatosaurus, but an identity is hard to prove; the same is also true of many Romanian fragments and eggs. The relatively small size of Telmatosaurus with a length of five metres and a weight of half a tonne, has been Explained as an instance of insular dwarfism.


Balaurul Bondoc Probabil cel mai raspandit dinozaur carnivor (teropod) care a trait in Hateg in urma cu 70 de milioane de ani. Primele fosile au fost descoperite de Dan Grigorescu in 1997.

Rhabadon

Rhabadon ar putea fi descris cel mai simplu ca echivalentul dinozaurilor pentru o caprioara. La fel de mare si de greu precum o gazela, erau hrana preferata a teropozilor precum Pyroraptor sau Tarascosaurus. In afara de Insula Hategului, acestia au mai trait pe teritoriul Spaniei sau Frantei de astazi.

Inrudit cu velociraptorul, Balaurul bondoc avea o pereche de gheare pe fiecare dintre membrele inferioare, cu ajutorul carora isi imobiliza prada. Animalul avea o lungime de 180 pana la 210 centimetri, de la cap la coada. Balaur bondoc is a uniquely specialized species of carnivorous (theropod) dinosaur which lived in what is now Romania during the latter part of the Late Cretaceous. Balaur was described by scientists in August 2010, and was named after the balaur, a dragon of Romanian folklore. The species name "bondoc" means stocky, so Balaur bondoc means "Stocky dragon" in Romanian. This name refers to the greater musculature that Balaur had compared to its relatives. It is known from a single partial skeleton representing the type specimen.

Rhabdodon (meaning "fluted tooth") lived in Europe approximately 70 million years ago in the Late Cretaceous. Current evidence indicates it is an iguanodont similar to Tenontosaurus. Rhabdodon lived in Spain, France, and on HaĹŁeg Island in Romania. It was smaller than its relatives, possibly due to the insular environment that existed in Europe during the Cretaceous period. Rhabodon was probably the dinosaurian equivalent of a deer. They were similar in size to deer, in relation to their size compared to the predators of the time and place. These predators included the small Pyroraptor and the gigantic Tarascosaurus.


Struthiosaurus

Elopteryx napocsai

Struthiosaurus (struthio=strut) avea o lungime de 2,2 metri si era protejat de armura. Sub-specia care a trait pe teritoriul Romaniei se numeste Struthiosaurus transylvanicus, nsa mai exista si verisorii sai S. languedocensis si S. Austriacus.

Struthiosaurus (Latin struthio = ostrich + Greek sauros = lizard) is one of the smallest known and most basal genera of nodosaurid dinosaurs, from the Late Cretaceous period (Campanian-Maastrichtian) of Austria, Romania and France in Europe. It was protected by body armour. Although estimates of its length vary, it may have been as small as 2.2 metres (7.2 ft) long

Elopteryx nopcsai este un mic dinozaur carnivor, cu o inaltime de 1 metru. Probabil corpul era acoperit cu pene. Ni-l putem imagina atacand, in grup, o pereche de telmatosaur ce-si apara cuibul cu oua si pui.

In 1981, Dan Grigorescu and Eugen Kessler stated that Elopteryx was a non-avian coelurosaurian dinosaur. Thus E. nopcsai seems to be some sort of birdlike eumaniraptoran, but not related to modern birds. With the exception of Heptasteornis, which seems quite robustly identified as an alvarezsaurid of the subfamily Parvicursorinae these taxa will be subject to continuing debate.


Hatzegopteryx

Magyarosaurus dacus Magyarosaurus dacus apartinea unui grup de titanozauri, care erau sauropode gigantice (dinozauri ierbivori). Era minuscul pe langa ruda sa cea mai mare, Argentinosaurus, avand o lungime de doar sase metri spre deosebire de 30-35 de metri in cazul dinozaurului care traia pe teritoriul Argentinei de astazi.

A fost un pterozaur de mari dimensiuni. Numele se compune din Hatzeg, de la zona unde a fost descoperit, si pteryx, grecescul pentru „pasare�. A fost descoperit in 1978 de Dan Grigorescu. Fragmentele de craniu si de alte oase atesta existenta unui animal de mari dimenisuni, cu o deschidere a aripilor de circa 12 m. Cu o lungime estimata de circa 3 m, craniul sau ar putea fi cel mai lung dintre toate animalele de uscat.

It is one of the smallest-known adult sauropods, measuring only six meters in length. The type species is Magyarosaurus dacus. Magyarosaurus was found to be a close relative of Rapetosaurus in the family Saltasauridae in the sauropod clade Titanosauria in a 2005 study of the titanosaurs by Kristina Curry Rogers.

Hatzegopteryx ("Hațeg basin wing") is a genus of azhdarchid pterosaur, known from incomplete remains found in Transylvania, Romania. The skull fragments, left humerus, and other fossilized remains indicate it was among the largest pterosaurs. The skeleton of Hatzegopteryx has been considered identical to the known remains of Quetzalcoatlus northropi. Q. northropi has not yet been properly described, and if it is not a nomen dubium, Hatzegopteryx is possibly its junior synonym.


Bradycneme draculae Lungimea a fost estimata ca fiind de 1 m si greutatea 5 kg. Vanator rapid, probabil traia in zonele impadurite de pe teritoriul unde azi se afla Europa si se hranea cu animale mici. Avea gatul lung si subtire, tinut in forma literei S, musculos pentru a sustine capul alungit, cu botul lung si maxilarele prevazute cu numerosi dinti mici si ascutiti, cu margini zimtate. Membrele posterioare cat si cele anterioare aveau gheare ascutite si tari, iar la unul dintre degetele de la membrele din spate prezenta cate o gheara mare, ascutita si curbata, ca lama de secera.

Bradycneme is a genus of theropod dinosaur from the early Maastrichtian-age Upper Cretaceous Sânpetru Formation of the Haţeg Basin, Transylvania, Romania. It is known only from a partial right lower leg, which its original describers Believed came from a giant owl.

Paludititan

Paludititan a fost descoperit de Zoltán Csiki, Vlad Codrea, Catalin Jipa-Murzea si Pascal Godefroit in 2010 si este una dintre putinele specii de titanozaur prezente pe teritoriul Romaniei

Paludititan is a genus of titanosaurian dinosaur which existed in what is now Haţeg Basin, Romania during the late Cretaceous period. The type species is Paludititan nalatzensis, after its finding place Nǎlaţ-Vad. The type species was determined and described by Zoltán Csiki, Vlad Codrea, Cǎtǎlin Jipa-Murzea and Pascal Godefroit in 2010.


Zece specii de dinozaur de la care homo sapiens au "mostenit" spatiul carpatodanubiano-pontic 10 species of dinosaur that homo sapiens have "inherited" the Carpathian-Danubian-Pontic Prezentare pentru elevii mei, Dana B, Romania, Bucuresti, Scoala 279

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10 species of dinosaur