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ATPL Table 1 Chart Classifications .............................................................................................. 2 Table 2 Radio Spectrum Classification............................................................................... 3 Table 3 Radio Emission Classification ............................................................................... 3 Table 4 HF Frequency Classification ................................................................................. 3 Table 5 Loading Type Classification.................................................................................. 4 Table 6 AI Turning Errors .................................................................................................. 4 Table 7 Jetstreams and Global Latitude Reference............................................................. 5 Table 8 Macro Atmosphere Structure................................................................................. 6 Table 9 Troposphere Structure............................................................................................ 6 Table 10 Pressure Datum Relationships (QNH/QFF) ........................................................ 6 Table 11 Fire and Extinguisher Classifications .................................................................. 7 Table 12 Pre-Ingnition and Detonation Characteristics...................................................... 7 Table 13 Equipment Requirements..................................................................................... 7 Table 14 Supplemental Oxygen Requirements................................................................... 8 Table 15 Safety Equipment Requirements ......................................................................... 8 Table 16 Reporting Requirements ...................................................................................... 8 Table 17 Separation Question Matrix ................................................................................. 9 Table 18 Separation .......................................................................................................... 10 Table 19 Light Signals ...................................................................................................... 10 Table 20 ICAO Annexes................................................................................................... 11 Table 21 Licensing Requirements .................................................................................... 11 Table 22 - Visual Flight Rules .......................................................................................... 11 Table 23AIP Contents and Subdivision............................................................................ 12 Table 24 ATS and SAR Classification ............................................................................. 12 Table 25 Holding Speeds .................................................................................................. 12 Table 26 Intenational Conventions ................................................................................... 12

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ATPL

Table 1 Chart Classifications

Scale

Mercator Scale at Xº = 1/Scale*CosXº (Div by Cos Xº if going toward equator). Or Scale at A*CosB=Scale at B*CosA

Straight (see below for variants) Convergency Correct at tangency (Std Equator, TVM - central meridian & equator, OM GC tangency and poles). Radio Add conversion ∠ to all on Bearings Std, Otherwise only to ADF/AWR. Poleward of RL GC Concave to point of accurate convergence (Equator) Usable to 70ºN&S and Other 350nm either side of GC of tangency. Transverse – Central Variants meridian of longitude is tangency. GCs are straightish/ concave to central meridian. RLs concave to pole. ||s of lat are elipses xcpt equator. Oblique – Specific Route RL

Conic/Lambert Expands outside standard ||s Contracts between, correct at std ||. || of origin slightly North of midpoint. Max Lat spread 24º 2/3 inside, 1/6 ea outside. Concave to pole

Polar Stereo Expands away from pole. Radius of || of lat is 2R tan(co-lat/2). For scale map R =250M/Scale. Co-lat is 90º-latº (ie. degrees to pole) Concave to pole

Chart Convergency ∆longitude(mins) * Sin || of origin. Same formula for grid convergence. Convergency @ station to ADF AWR.

∆longitude (ie. Sin lat= 1

Poleward of RL Concave to point of accurate convergence (|| of origin) Usable 80ºN&S.

Poleward of RL Concave to point of accurate convergence (meridian) Usable 65N up.Light shone from opposite pole

Simple – Cone touches earth once, std = origin

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Convergency @ station to ADF AWR.


ATPL

Table 2 Radio Spectrum Classification

VLF Very 3-30K

Freq Wavelength

Space Waves Sky Waves Surface Waves Ionos Duct Atmos. Attn Surface Attn Ionos Attn Static Uses

100km10km Myria

LF Low 30300K 10Km1Km Kilo

MF Med 300K3M 1Km100m Hecto

HF High 3M30M 100m10m Deca

VHF Very 30M300M 10m1m Metric

UHF Ultra 300M-3G

SHF Super 3G-30G

1m-10cm

10cm1cm Centi

Deci

EHF Extra 30G300G 1cm1mm Milli

4000nm 1000nm 300nm 100nm

Loran NDB 190k

NDB 1750k

Comms Comms Gldslp 2850K- 118M- GPS 22M 137M 1.5G(L1)C/A 1.2G(L2) SSR DME

Radalt 4.3G MLS ATC/Wx Radar 9-10G

Table 3 Radio Emission Classification

X3E (Comms) J HF SSB Sup Carr A VHF DSB

AXW 8 ILS 9 VOR

X0N P DME N NDB Carrier

AXA 1 NDB Ident 2 Alt NDB Ident

Table 4 HF Frequency Classification

Lowest Usable HF Static & Ionospheric attenuation

Maximum Usable Frequency Best combination – use highest frequency that works

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Optimum Frequency End of skip distance – a bit temperamental


ATPL

Table 5 Loading Type Classification

Zero Fuel Mass

Airplane incl unusable fuel & oil Crew & crew bags, catering, special equipment Passengers & Freight

Basic Empty Mass

Variable Load

Traffic Load Fuel

Fuel

Table 6 AI Turning Errors Pitch Over

Under

Turn

90ยบ

180ยบ

270ยบ

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Dry Operating Mass (Wet if includes Fuel) All Up Mass

Useful (Disposable) Load


ATPL Table 7 Jetstreams and Global Latitude Reference

Jan

▐ 80-120 ▌

Jul ▐ 80-120 ▌ ▌120

▌2/300 ▌ ▌20N* ▌ ▌*10N ▌25/50 ▌ ▌ ▌25/35 ▌5S ▌orW ▌15S

90 65 65

40 40 35 35 20 20 10 10

Character Highs, Light Easterlies

EMEA

Disturbed Temperate (Travelling Westerlies)

Europe (Madrid, Rome, Istanbul) to Arctic Circle, Russia,,

Temperate Transitional (Mediterranean)

Southern med (Lisbon, Athens, Izmir, Tehran, Kabul) Nth Africa (Morocco, Algeria , Libya, Egypt, Saudi, Middle East Oman, Sudan, Mauretania, Senegal, Mali, Niger, Chad, , Yemen S facing strip of W Africa (Lagos) to Horn (Addis Ababa), Congo to Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, N Mozambique Namibia, Sth Africa

Arid Subtropical Highs, Desert Tropical Transitional Savannah & Trades Equatorial Easterlies, weaker even v light westerly in winter. Tropical Transitional Savannah & Trades Arid Subtropical Highs, Desert Temperate Transitional (Mediterranean) Dist Temp

Americas Greenland, Canada Northern Territories Nthn California to NY, Northern US States, Alaska, Canada Mid California, Colorado, Virginia Sthn California, Texas, Georgia, Mexico City & Nth Mexico Cuba, Sthn Mexico, Central America, Carribean Northern S America (Panama, Venezuela) to mid Brazil Southern Brazil, Bolivia S Peru Uruguay, N Argentina

10 10 20 20 ▌90/1T 35 Mid Argentia, Chile ▌70/80 35 40 Sth Argentina, Chile, Tierra ▌60/70 ▌60/70 40 del Fuego 65 Antarctica Antarctica 65 Polar 90 *Bombay/Oman/Sudan Cuba is northern limit of tropical easterlies in summer *Lagos Addis Ababa/Panama/Singapore is northern limit of tropical easterlies in winter

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Far East/Pacific

Mongolia Kazakhstan & Russia (Sakhalin, Kamchatka), Japan (Hokkaido) China (Beijing to Xian), Japan (Honshu, Tokyo) Korea Sthn China (Xian to HK) N India (Kashmir to Mumbai) India (Mumbai to Bangalore) Thailand, Laos, Vietnam. Singapore Malaysia Indonesia, Sri Lanka & Sthn tip of India Nth Australia Central Australia to Sydney/Perth Melbourne, Auckland NZ North Island NZ South Island, Tasmania Antarctica


ATPL

Table 8 Macro Atmosphere Structure

Discontinuity F Layer (Appleton) E Layer (Kenelly-Heavyside) Mesopause D Layer (Day Only) Stratopause

Height 225km (150-350Km) 125km (100-150Km) 80km 75km (50-100km) 50km

Thermal Character Temp Rises Temp Rises Temp falls

Low Ion Density.

Temp rises at 0.3C/1000ft 20km Temp steady -56.5 under ISA drops at 2C/1000ft under JSA 11km Sum Wtr Temp drops at 30º 16k 16k 2C/1000ft

ISA Limit

Tropopause

50º 70º

12k 9k

Other/Notes High Ion Density Med Ion Density

9k 8k

Unless tropopause height specified. Then use actual tropopause temp. 25,000ft -45C Pole 40,000ft -55C mid lat 55,000ft -75C equator

Table 9 Troposphere Structure

Height. P dominates T affects ∆P/∆ ∆H

Press/∆ ∆Ht per HPa

TUC

58,000ft 49,000ft 43,000ft 40,000ft

100/200ft

38,000ft 35,000ft 30,000ft 25,000ft 22,000ft

200mb/102ft

18,000ft 10,000ft 5,000ft Sea Level

500mb/48ft 700mb/36ft 850mb/31ft 1013mb/27ft. Use this for <2000ft.

Need radiation monitoring 8-12secs 20secs

¼-½min ½-1min 2-4min 4-8min

300mb/73ft 376mb

30min Indefinite

Below ISA QNH/QFF QFF/QNH

O2 under pressure required O3 a problem to 75,000ft

35mm in lungs/ unconsciousness 50mm in lungs

160mm but only 100mm in lungs due H2O & CO2

Table 10 Pressure Datum Relationships (QNH/QFF)

Above MSL Below MSL

Other

(÷ ÷2 if from 7-8000ft cabin alt)

96T(ºA)/P(HPa)

Above ISA QFF/QNH QNH/QFF

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ATPL

Table 11 Fire and Extinguisher Classifications

Water

Class A Solid Class B Liquid/Gas Class C Electrical Class D Metal



Foam (oil/fuel not brakes)  

Dry Powder (metal/brakes)     (or H2O atomiser)

Carbon Dioxide (engine/elec)   

BCF (elec fire in cabin)   

Table 12 Pre-Ingnition and Detonation Characteristics

Cause Timing Increasing RPM Mixture sensitivity

PreIgnition Hotspots in cylinder cause mixture to ignite before spark Before Spark Worsens

Detonation Mixture detonates rather than burning After Spark Improves Weak mixtures

Table 13 Equipment Requirements

MultiTurbine With >9 seats Altitude Alerting GPWS 1 DFDR

 10h Apr/98 On

CVR

30m Jan/90 On

TCAS II TAWS

AWR All press.a/c

Windshield wipers Intercom

<5700kgs pressurised <9 seats may use stormscope

Max Cert TOM >5700kgs   Type II 25h All A/C Jun/90 On Turbine only B4 Jun/90 2hrs Apr/98 On 30 min B4 Apr/98 Jet/turbo plus all a/c >19 seats by 2005 New jet turbo from 2003

15,000kgs or 30 seats

27,000kgs    Type I (Enh. Rec.)

Warning Required Visual up, Aural down. Aural

 Jet/turbo



Jet/turbo by 2005



Aural and visual with display







Or 19 seats





>9 Seats at night or IMC where TS expec.



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ATPL

Table 14 Supplemental Oxygen Requirements

Pressurised Flight Deck Cabin Crew 10% Pax 30% Pax 100% Pax Unpressurised Flight Deck Cabin Crew 10% Pax 100% Pax

Over 10,000ft

Over 13,000ft

After 30 mins After 30 mins After 30 mins

Entire time Entire time

Over 14,000ft

Over 15,000ft

Minimum â&#x2030;¤25kft >25kft 30min 2hr 30 min

Entire time

10 min

Entire time

Entire time After 30 mins After 30 mins

Entire time Entire time

Table 15 Safety Equipment Requirements

Pax Seats 7-30 31-60 61-200 201-300 301-400 401-500 501-600 >601

Fire Extinguishers (Of which BCF) 1 2 (1) 3 (2) 4 (2) 5 (2) 6 (2) 7 (2) 8 (2) Plus 1 BCF in Cockpit

Crash axe

Megaphone /deck

First Aid Kits

1 1+1â&#x2030;Ľ100 2

<100 <200 <300 <400

1 2 3 4

Table 16 Reporting Requirements

Subject Unlawful Interference Nav Irregularity/Met eg. VA, Radiation Accident Emergencey which endangers safety & tereby violates local regs or procs Flight Incidents which (may) endanger safe ops Technical defects and excess of tech limitations Air Traffic Incidents endangerment by other flying device/ATC etc. Birdstrike

Reporting ASAP ASAP Quckest available means Local authority without delay, if required by state to appropriate authority then to state of origin in writing within 10 days. Authority within 72 hours Recorded in tech log ICAO PANS RAC ASAP ATC

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ATPL

6.45

6.42

6.38

6.37

6.33

5.53

5.48

5.41

5.40

5.37

4.50

4.45

4.37

4.36

4.34

3.55

3.47 3.53

3.36 3.46

3.33

3.32

2.55

2.52

2.51

2.49

2.48

1.47

2.46

1.53

1.46

1.45

1.40

1.37

1.33

Table 17 Separation Question Matrix

AIRLAW EXAM PAPER REFERENCE Disappear from radar suggest missed approach2nm 2nm 2nm No clearance Missed approach instruction within 2nm Minimum Radar separation 3nm A/c taking off in different directions <1mn Navaids freq fix TAS +40 Timing 3mn 3mn Same Localiser 2.5mn 3nm Standard min radar sep 5nm Min RNP RNAV 50nm Wake turb on same localiser 5nm RNAV sepration same on track minimum 80nm Medium after heavy wake turb same rwy 2mn 2mn Climbing thru opp traffic DME 10nm 10nm Min separation adequate radar 2.5nm 2.5nm Same level DME +20kt 10nm Parallel rwy vector ontol ILS b4 2nm Same level /speed DME 20nm RNAV in Mach No space 80nm Min sep +40kts (departure) 2mn 2mn Non precision min dist clearance to land 4km Max time between approach and another t/o 5mn Heavy missed app, light t/o opp 2mn Light after heavy 1000ft blw 6nm descend trhru level of other a/c min 10mn Min time navaids permit 10mn Dist from td for change of speed 4nm 4nm Minimum radar separation 3nm

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ATPL

Table 18 Separation

Type Vertical

Description During ascent or descent 15 mins whilst vertical separation does not exist, down to 10 where navaids permit, or 5minutes if less than 10 minutes of an actual timed position report. VOR/RNAV 15° more than 15nm from facility. NDB 30° more than 15nm from facility. DR 45° more than 15nm from intersect DME (On track) 20nm or 10nm where front a/c is 20kt+ faster. Also 10nm when climbing or descending through level. Timing - 15mins, down to 10mins if navaids permit, down to 5 mins if front a/c is +20kts, to 3mins if +40kts. Mach number 10-5mins. Each minute less than 10 requires an additional .01M from leading a/c starting at 0.02M up to 0.06M.RNAV 80nm.

Lateral

Longitudinal

RNP RNAV 80nm (RNP 20) verified every hour, 50nm (RNP 50) verified every ½ hour. Otherwise 80nm when same on-track waypoint.

Wake Turbulence 2mins UNLESS

Radar Separation – 5nm standard, 3nm when conditions allow (UK 40nm from radar head) and 2.5nm on localiser/approach (5nm on localiser for wake turbulence). Departure Lighter AND from intermediate part of runway (3min) Arrival LIGHT behind heavier (3min), 4/5/6 & 5nm 1, 2, 5mins. 1 if tracks diverge by 45° or more. On same track, 2 if speed difference of 40kts, 5 otherwise. <1 minute if taking off in different directions. 5 mins max between departing and arriving traffic

Departure

Table 19 Light Signals

Green Red Flashing Red Flashing White Flashing Green Red pyrotechnic

To An a/c on the ground Go (cleared take off) Stop Get clear of landing area. Go to start Cleared to taxi

To an a/c in the air Go (cleared to land) Stop (ie circle and give way) Stay clear of landing area (ie do not land) Go to start (ie land here but await signals) Come back and await signals Belay previous instructions - do not land for the moment.

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ATPL

Table 20 ICAO Annexes Annex Subject 1 Personnel Licensing (Getting a license is my Number 1 priority) 2 Rules of the Air (2 Sets of Rules, VFR and IFR) 3 Meteorological Services (3ºC/100ft DALR) 4 Aeronautical Charts (4 Cardinal Points) 5 Dimensional Units (CRP 5) 6 Operation of Aircraft (DC6) 7 Nationality and Registration Marks (The League of Seven Nations) 8 Airworthiness (Looks like a propeller) 9 Facilitation (NEIN in German – Immigration) 10 Aeronautical Communications (100 for the Operator) 11 Air Traffic Control Services (1 to 1 Personal Services) 12 Search & Rescue (The one before Accident Investigation) 13 Accident Investigation (Unlucky for some) 14 Aerodromes (14 Aerodromes around Heathrow) 15 Aeronautical Information Services (Looks like IS) 16 Environmental Protection (16 Age of Consent, use protection) 17 Security (17ft security fence required) 18 Dangerous Goods (At 18 you can drink but it’s DANGEROUS to drive) Table 21 Licensing Requirements

ATPL (21-59) 500 MPA Transport Category a/c CPL (185yrs PPL (17IR (A) for C/PPL

Total Hours

PIC Hours

XC Hours

Night Hours

1500 100 sim 25 Proc trainer

250 PIC/P1s 100 PIC

200 100 PIC/P1s

100 PIC/P2

20 300nm flight

5 5 FSTOL as PIC

150

50 PIC 10 in Airplanes

Table 22 - Visual Flight Rules

Height Vis/Class 8km @ > 10,000ft

B Clear

5km @ <=10,000ft

Of Cloud

CDE Clear of Cloud by

FG

1500m Horizontally 1000ft Vertically

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3km @ < 3000ft COC/ISOS <140kt

Instrument Hours 75 30 ground

10 5 Ground


ATPL

Table 23AIP Contents and Subdivision

AIP Section GEN

ENR AD

Coverage Location Indicators (1.56) Charges for aerodromes and air navigation (6.67) SIGMET Service Prohibited and Danger Areas Holding, Approach and Departure procedures Detailed description of met info at AD and indication of met office responsible. Refuelling Services

Table 24 ATS and SAR Classification

Air Traffic Services (ATS) ATC

Flight Information Alerting Service

Subdivision/Phase

Notes

Area Control Approach Control Aerodrome Control Attempted communications fails/late ATS  RCC Apprehension – init by Flgt Info or ATC Damaged a/c, impaired needs immediate assistance

Uncertainty Alert Distress

Table 25 Holding Speeds

≤ FL140 ≤ FL200 ≤ FL340

Normal 170kts (A&B)/230kts 240kts 265kts

Turbulent 170kts (A&B)/280kts 280kts 280kts

Table 26 Intenational Conventions

Warsaw Tokyo (1963) (1926) Hague (1970) Subject Liability Hijacking/ Jurisdiction Withdrawal Inform ICAO

Montreal (1971) NonHijacking 6 Months notice to contracting states

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Rome (1933/38/52) Ground Damage


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