LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO
GREEN ROOF HABITATS
Previous Work 18 20
Landscape Architecture with Ecology student
Profile Much of my interest within the field of Landscape Architecture lies with the ecological aspects of the landscape and how we can design complex systems to recreate natural systems and processes. Additionally, I find how humans interact with the landscape and the surrounding ecological systems fascinating. My ambition is to pursue a career in this field to further develop my knowledge of the above areas, landscape architecture and the complex processes that encompass it.
Education 2010 - ongoing
2008 - 2010
2003 - 2008
Employment and Experience University of Sheffield, Landscape Architecture with Ecology BSc
July ‘11 - ongoing
Sixth Form College, Farnborough A- Levels: Geography (A), Design Tech. (A), Maths and Statistics (B), Biology (C).
Sandhurst Secondary School GCSE’s: 10 A*-B’s Including English, Maths and Science.
Feb – Sept 2010 June ‘09 - Sept ‘10
Based on fitting rooms, dealing with a wide variety of customers and related issues in a very fast paced environment.
Bird in Hand Restaurant and Pub
Member of a busy kitchen team as a kitchen porter and bar assistant.
Kitchen Porter and Bar Assistant
Expression Art Gallery Sales Assistant
Volunteer dog training assistant
Various tasks such as giving advice on training techniques to participants, other general duties
Casual garden/grounds worker
Tasks included hedge trimming, grass cutting, weeding, planting, implementing fences and patios, etc.
Skills • Client Interviews and consultation
Through various modules and on site interviews I have had the opportunity to discuss with clients and potential users about the proposed sites and generated useful information from these.
• Adobe InDesign Photoshop Illustrator
• Customer Service
The majority of my previous experience is customer based which has allowed me to become experienced in dealing with the general public.
Much of my educational career and working environment has been based around teamwork and where possible I have been successful in organising and leading a team of people to achieve the desired tasks.
• Microsoft Office Suite
Whilst in education, I have been working at the same time which has meant it is necessary for me to be organised and efficient to deal with the workloads that have been set successfully and on time.
• Film and video editing
• Organised and Hard Working
• Handrawing and rendering
• Windows OS • Mac OS
Involved selling paintings and other art work to customers, frame fitting and cash handling.
Green Roof Habitats
This project was based around the concept of providing a retreat for patients within a hospice, as well as associated members of staff and family. My inspiration was drawn from the culture of Japanese gardens, and combining these aesthetics with restoration garden principles, achieving a sense of relaxation, contemplation and tranquility. Additionally, the green roof focuses on the provision of habitats for a number of birds and butterflies, allowing the user to see these, further adding to the restorative benefits. The green roof itself then becomes part of a larger green infrastructure with the surroundings aiding biodiversity, reduction of heat island effects and reducing storm water runoff.
Elevated perspective view
1:50 Section elevation - sheltered seating and shallow
1:50 Section elevation - enclosed seating area
Undulating substrate for larger plant height greater sense of enclosure
Sheltered seating area with view out over planting, pond and landscape beyond the roof
Enclosed seating area with vegetation behind
Shallow pond with elements of Japanese influence surrounding - relationship between rock and water
Monotone planting either side to contrast with surrounding
Shallow pond that collects and stores excess rainwater
Small trees as an element of interest
Exciting vibrant blue planting that extends the perspective from the seating area and pond
Possible plant species that are attractive to butterflies, as well as other invertebrates. These include, H. comosa, C. cyanthus, M. arvensis and F. ovina ( calcareous grassland habitat).
Visualisation from the enclosed seating area. Although enclosed on one side, another is open to the views through the structure, another Japanese inspired setting, by framing views through physical features. The idea of bringing butterflies into the garden are another aid in the restorative qualities, bringing people closer to nature and providing a fascination aspect. If certain plants were implemented, rare species could be encouraged and would bring back the habitat they may have lost through the construction process. 4
Visualisation from the covered seating area. The pond and further planting is used to extend the perspective of the visual experience, inspired by Japanese principles for views. The monotone planting surrounding contrasts with the bright blue planting further on and the Acer rubras create a distinct visual enhancing restorative aspects of â€˜Fascinationâ€™
Restoring the Porter Brook: Phased Development plan This aims to re-establish the importance of the porter brook at the last place it is visible adjacent to Sheffield Station. Main themes explore wetland vegetation communities and the interaction between ecology and humans in a highly urban setting. Each phase aims to gradually increase public engagement, vegetation establishment and biodiversity value, ending at a fully functioning public space with an impressive gateway image and a successful mini-ecosystem that connects with the local biodiversity In order to establish this landscape successfully, it would be essential to incorporate temporary public activities and engagement through education/interaction which led me to develop a phased plan to gradually increase public opinion of the area. My inspiration was drawn from natural habitat communities such as Carr woodland, wetlands and natural river processes. This lead to much of the design language. Educational center or museum with a focus to ecology, or Sheffieldâ€™s rivers as well as providing a significant building contributing to the gateway image from Sheffield Station. Green Roof ramps extend down from the street into the park. Islands allow for greater interaction with water and varying water flows for habitat value. Central public space utilised for markets, events, popup cafeâ€™s to greater increase public engagement and sense of belonging.
Riverside space where people can picnic and be surrounded by water, but also capable of flooding.
Tree and shrub barrier to protect sound pollution from adjacent taxi rank.
Stage 1: Establishing a Framework • Community Engagement • River alterations • Pioneer Vegetation Establishment • Temporary infrastructure
Wild Fennel Foeniculum vulgare
Silver Birch Betula pendula
Purple Toadflax Linaria purpurea
Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus
Developing wetland mosaics
Stage 2: Establishing Infrastructure • Educate importance of wetlands • Establish a sense of belonging • Connect with local green infrastructure • Continue succession of local habitats
Floodplain Meadow Communities Open coppiced woodlands will often have an understorey that can be beautiful. Some floodplain meadow communities can colonise these understoreys, but these species can also be planted in this phase if
Coppicing Coppiced Salix and Cornus species will create a characteristic feature of carr woodland.
Stage 3: Finalisation
• Creation of functioning education and community center • Impressive Gateway image from Sheffield Station • Fully developed wetland mosaic and habitat system • Increased Biodiversity of local area
A range of the species that may inhabit the site once vegetation has become established. This will greatly increase the value of the local biodiversity, and Sheffield biodiversity targets. Birds and butterflies are key species groups as they are the most visible, and can form components of educational visits, and increase wildlife benefits in a highly urban area.
Glass atrium for views from street and gateway image from the station entrance
Access from road and existing path
Vegetation character extends up the green roof to blend landscape and building.
Understorey cafe as part of the museum/educational center...
..extending outside for views onto landscape
Landform change to prevent high water levels reaching building
Similar to island in that it engages public with water. Floodable at high levels.
Woodland path and bridge leading to island
Island susceptible to flooding. Used for public to get closer to water and wildlife when low water levels. Possibility for picnic area.
River channel. See plan for extents in high water levels
Main pathway to centre
Residential Retirement Home This project involved consultation with the residents of Manor House Retirement Home. Their current outdoor space consisted of bare lawn with uneven hard surfaces and a few benches. The aim was to provide a series of high quality outdoor spaces which suits the residents needs as fully as possible, increasing their quality of life, health and wellbeing, and ultimately their enjoyment of the outdoor space. There is a need for a variety of seating and social areas, as requested by the residents and an increased diversity of planting for aesthetic reasons, and to promote biodiversity. The main objectives to this design are: •Improve access around the buildings and grounds •Provide a variety of social and seating areas •Provide an opportunity for residents to garden themselves •Increase the diversity of planting, and be flexible to the residents tastes •Promote biodiversity
Niche seating areas with arched entrances. Provides secluded seating areas with surrounding planters
Diverse range of planting borders surrounding the building and paths. Mainly low maintenance perennial mix.
Improved pathways for disabled access and reduce hazard. Lighting provided for paths and planting
Front courtyard area accessible from tea room. Contains seating and a decorative element in the centre.
Improved patio area with both open and sheltered seating. Pergola structure with climbing species creates a pleasant sheltered seating area. Raised planters allow residents to garden at leisure with adjacent seating when in need of a rest.
The seating areas would be surrounded by vegetation to create a sense of enclosure. Each of these areas would have a different character to the rest of the site, yet be cohesive with their surroundings. Consideration of the views from residentsâ€™ windows was an important aspect of the consultation, and planting and activity has been designed to cater for this.
Background research into the benefits of greenspace with human health.
The main area of the rear garden will consist of various seated areas for residents to socialise with family and friends as well as adjacent raised planters for gardening use. Views are provided across a open field and woodland to the back. Wildlife is encourage into the garden through the planting of various tree species, a requirement requested by the residents.
Diagram to show Humans relationship with nature. The right side shows early humans affiliation with nature and how they used it, and the left (as well as the right) shows modern day humans use for nature, all encompassing the term â€˜Biophiliaâ€™.
Diagram to show the relation- ship between health, represented in red, and how it changes with location within urban areas.
Establish a social extension of the city centre that provides for society in the way this area has in the past. Honour the charisma and dynamic history of Castlegate, whilst providing engaging public space and a
reconnect ion with two influential rivers.
The Castlegate Market in Sheffield City Centre is due for demolishing in Nov 2013, and as a consequence, the character of the area will be drastically changed. This project aims to redefine the character of Castlegate from a retail-orientated quarter of the city, into a more socially inclusive area, that provides for a larger proportion of society, as well as cater for people that once used the market. The primary function is the creation of a public park, with access to the riverside and the newly exposed River Sheaf. Interventions include: • Retention of streetscape, providing bars, restaurants and cafe’s and their associated semi-public spaces. • Re-use of existing buildings on site for community use, and establishment of a social infrastructure that would utilise the park , as well as providing a sustainable, inclusive community that provides for many members of society. • Creation of wet woodlands along the riverside, integrated with areas of public space. This allows for benefits to biodiversity, flood mitigation, public greenspace, carbon mitigation and the general improvement of a highly urban area. • Establishment of flexible temporary land use in stalled spaces identified for development at a later date. These may include allotment provision, pocket parks, sports areas, coppiced woodland / meadows or a boat house for water recreation.
Much of my design inspiration was drawn from the previous site use, the market and activity that the market cre- Establish a social extension of the city centre that provides for society in the way this area has in the past. Honour the charisma and d ates, and how that is changing constantly through time. I have tried to interpret this through form, experience, vegetation and space, utilising dynamic elements such Establish a social extension of the city centre that provides for society in the way this area has in the past. Honour the charisas seasonality, light and movement. This has also been explored in the detailed design stage below. ma and dynamic history of Castlegate, whilst providing engaging public space and a reconnect ion with two influential rivers. 10
• Honour the heritage
• Establish connections
• Maintain a community
• Stimulate the imagination
dynamic history of Castlegate, whilst providing engaging public space and a reconnect ion with two influential rivers. Strategically, this proposal aims to create a re-vitalisation of this quarter of the city, creating a socially inclusive open space that honours the heritage of the area and provides a reconnect ion with the river. Built form massing will be strategically placed to retain the streetscape and provide open space in the centre of the site. Existing buildings will retained where possible.
Existing vegetation is minimal so little to retain. The following outlines the main vegetation characters proposed: 1: Wetland species, able to cope with periodic flooding and provision of habitats. 2: Parkland species, mainly deciduous with understorey where appropriate. 3: Ornamental vegetation of an evergreen nature to provide contrast 4: Temporary vegetation on stalled spaces - maintained by community
• Contrast • Surprise
Space, Built Form and Movement Landform and vegetation define a variety of spatial experiences . Retention of the streetscape of Waingate is essential, bringing footfall and investment. Development can occur at a later date in the stalled spaces identified above. Movement focuses on bringing people to the river as well as to Victoria Quays and The Wicker. Desirable views up and down the Don are provided for spaces and buildings alike.
River crossing providing a pleasant route to Victoria Quays and the Five Weirs walk as well as elevated views across the park.
Threshold off blossom similar in character to the other entrance.
Experiential river walkway with wetland vegetation and a space orientated to focus on the river and itâ€™s qualities
Hardscaping provision for surrounding building use; eating, drinking, meeting, waiting.
Circular raised platform for museum space views down the park and river.
Blossoming trees provide canopy orientated threshold framed by surrounding building mass.
Ornamental vegetation surrounding museum contrasting with surrounding deciduous, seasonal vegetation.
Meadow swathes leading downhill to amenity grassland
Seating steps extending down into park
Streetscape retained with both front and rear access and semi-private spaces for eating /drinking.
Seating area for use by buildings. Views provided down river and enclosure behind from street trees
Detailed Design The development of this area continues the concept identified above and further explores spatial function, materiality and indoor outdoor relationships. Much of the same design language has been used to reinforce the ephemerality within the landscape. The existing public house - the Tap and Barrel - has been utilised and further built development proposed. It is anticipated that these shall be of a similar nature as restaurants/bars/cafeâ€™s. The provision of a semi-public space attempts to provide a comfortable environment for all potential users and further contributes to the success of these developments. Further more, the river has become much more accessible and the design attempts to accentuate and utilise the qualities the river possesses; noise, movement, distraction, animation.
Section Perspective 1:50 14
Permeable resin bound pavement extending across the public hard surfaces. Permeability facilitates SUD into nearby vegetation/river. Semi-public areas elevated over rest of park. Surfacing cohesive with the existing building. This is likely to be sandstone pavers to provide a contrast yet cohesiveness with the surrounding landscape.
Acer, large, spreading tree defining threshold into the site. This element continues through the area and spaces aiming to create a cohesive landscape. Riverside vegetation in a similar character to wetlands further on, but able to cope with drier conditions. Species such as Prunus, Salix Alba and Tilia phytoplatus, with an herbaceous understorey Ornamental vegetation consisting of meadow type perennials (Aster, Papaver). Provides a barrier between public and semi-public areas, as well as aethetically pleasing planting Parkland vegetation - Acer saccarinium, Fagus Sylvatica and Betula as the main constituents. When older, canopy covered walkways will be a main feature of the park.
Materials Resin bound paving, durable enough to withstand occasional flooding. Wooden seating. The colour will change over time, contrasting with the adjacent stone ageing at a much slower rate. Bespoke bench detailing - steam bending technique to form the style, evoking qualities of the surrounding landscape. Cut stone slabs near to local character, and exposure of fine detailing desirable. This is a cohesive material throughout the site. See palette to left for texture
Mesh grating fixed either side allows users to see and hear water below further animating the river . The proximity to the water will create an element of excitement and fascination.
Establish a social extension of the city centre that provides for society in the way this area has in the past. Honour the charisma and dynamic history of Castlegate, whilst providing engaging Path slopes uphill and a similar approach to the public/ semi-public relationship is continued.
Waiting spot/ decision point for the rest of the park. Here is whether you decide to go up the hill, down the riverside or up the steps for a drink
Ornamental planting with meadow mix extending up to retaining wall softens the barrier between spaces.
Stair threshold with pillar and coping stone holding the curved handrail.
Pergola-type structure creates a shelter and space for people. A combined bench/ bar rest allows for them to rest their drinks with a view over the park
Rear of public house in need of renovation. Renovation and further built development should be in-keeping with surrounding context
Section Elevation 1:100
g public Elevated space and a reconnect ion with two influential rivers. semi-public Enclosed by landform and vegetation behind, this â€˜pub gardenâ€™ with central tree and seating. Views over park and down river.
riverside space creates an interaction with the river, allowing people to dip their feet or read a book in tranquillity
Slightly more elevated, the water in front will pool and become calmer before rushing around the next space.
Bespoke bench detailing extending from the ground plane either side. Enclosed by landform and vegetation either side.
Threshold or exit from the area. Place to rest allows people to look back through the trees at what they have just climbed.
Construction Details The materiality and composition of materials aims to further explore the concept described above, and uses contrast, space and movement to define the material pallet. I have included here various details not to scale to show some of the methods of construction and material composition at a finalised stage. For further details and information please see the complete construction details booklet.
Riverside bench detailing with seat and foot rest lower down for closer proximity to water. Constructed from timber bolted to concrete supports separate from main body of land, allowing water to flow around.
Hollow steel tubing handrail fixed into concrete retaining wall .
Exposed aggregate concrete surfacing
Slate flag edge coursing extending into seating areas . Steam bent timber, bespoke detailing, More details further on.
Double slate edge coursing, with inner course gradually increases in height closer to river. Wall cast on-site concrete
Resinbound paving as main through traffic surfacing. Extends throughout whole site.
Vegetated areas with ornamental planting. See external planting schedule for planting plan.
Semi-private surfacing - yorkstone flag paving keeping in character with existing site and surrounding materiality. 19
Planting Design Again, the design here followed similar conceptual ideas as the whole project has. Form, colour, texture and composition all work together in the 100m2 block of ornamental planting. Inspiration was also drawn from many moist to wet meadows in terms of species, and combining these with plants that worked well given the conditions of a shady bank.
Thankyou for viewing.
Sam Bailey email@example.com http://www.linkedin.com/pub/sam-bailey/71/3/664
If you would like to see more projects, or would like any more information please contact me via email and I will aim to get back yo you asap.
A collection of projects from 2011-2013 completed during my undergraduate studies in Landscape Architecture with Ecology. For more informati...