6 19 1o : - - 2013 www.homori.com
, , Îź 2 2011-12,
Îź . ! " Îź . . "
# Îź Îź , $ % Îź "
# - # .
Villagers, friends and members of the Association, Before starting the 2011-12 Report of the 2 years I want to thank my colleagues on the Board,who all helped to realization what you will hear. The first decision made by the Board involved regular meetings which took place at a predetermined day, place and time and always "open" to every member of the Association or friend who would like to attend and in good faith to put ideas - proposals for the realization of the objectives of the Association. CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
With the participation of many members and friends the event the cutting of the cake of our Association took Place in Athens. The event this year was held once again in the beautiful surroundings of CRYSTAL CITY HOTEL in Athens.
' ÎźÎź Îź " Îź # Îź . ! # Îź
CRYSTAL CITY ! ) * + L
. ) Îź Îź " / Îź
Attendees enjoyed the good buffet and had the opportunity to talk with villagers and friends. CONTINUED ON PAGE 4
Îź " 3 Îź
Îź 4 , , " ' .
Îź Îź # , # Îź Îź Îź # Îź Îź ...
6 Îź 4 Îź * , # # " #
, Îź Îź , # ) # 6
Îź Îź . 7,8
Dear members and friends of the Association Chomoris wholeheartedly wish you health, joy, happiness and that the New Year brings peace to all mankind. Let us arm ourselves with optimism, strength and compassion to address the difficulties we are going through as a nation with success... CONTINUED ON PAGE 3
Many are the sites worth seeing in the Holy lands, but two are the most important ones from the cultural point of view. CONTINUED ON PAGES 7,8
2 - - 2013
* Îź Îź #
# . ) # # Îź , " Îź Îź " Îź CRYSTAL CITY L. # Îź Îź # Îź " . Îź 7
# www.homori.com # Îź Îź Îź Îź
Îź . + # Îź Îź Îź # " Îź # 8 ÂŤ! 8 9 : ! * ! 3 ) ' ) ;! Âť Îź " Îź # 3 Îź . Îź , Îź
# Îź Îź . 6
" Îź # 3
+ / Îź 7. < Îź . ' 2011 Îź .= + .3 ) . * 2011 Îź
.= + .3 ) . Îź Îź # * " # Îź Îź
Îź . *
> 2013. * Îź = 3 Îź #
# : . 8 Îź "
Îź # . ' # 4 Îź # , /
Îź . + Îź # # " Îź . * Îź # #
# Îź # . ' # Îź :
Îź # Îź Îź 3
+ / # Îź "
# . * Îź Îź Îź # " Îź Îź
Îź # ( Îź ÎźÎź ) Îź
" : Îź . ) Îź Îź Îź 3 Îź 2011 2012, Îź
# Îź/ Îź / " . G Îź Îź * # Îź < Îź . . Îź . * Îź Îź # . # Îź Îź
Îź , Îź /
Îź Îź . + Îź
. . 4 Îź ,
Îź Îź # Îź , , # , " Îź , Îź Îź . + Îź
Îź Îź Îź ÂŤ Îź , Îź Âť.
J . . ' Îź 3 / CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1
The Board of Directors is pleased to present to you the action of the two-year term. Organised the cutting of the cake bothyears and provided an opportunity for members, villagers and friends to meet and chat in a beautiful and civilized environment CRYSTAL CITY HOTEL. At these events we honored and brought forward those offers that helped the Association. Reconstructed the Association's website www.homori.com and gave the opportunity for everyone to be informed immediately about the happenings in the Association and in our village. Redesigned and reopened in collaboration with the newspaper director Mrs. Filio Athanasiou QDrosou "THE VOICE OF CHOMORIS" a newspaper of the Association Worldwide Chomoriton. If it is true that all is judged from the result, then we are on track and will try for the best. I want to thank the sponsors of the newspaper and Mr. Christos Egglezos Mr. Dimitris I.Zamparas. Early March 2011 the repair of the interior of P.KE.CHO began. In April 2011 we started work in the forecourt of P.KE.CHO. In collaboration with our sponsors Mr. Panagiotis Skiadas and Tryfonas Skiadas we constructed and renovatesd the exterior and interior of our cultural center. The projects will continue and is expected to finish at the end of Spring 2013. The Cultural Center Chomoris already feel like a jewel of Nafpaktia. Cared for the cleanliness and safety of villagers in our village during the summer. At The expense of the Association became the maintenance and painting of the iron railings, chairs and tables in the central square of our village. Also, there was a partial restoration of football fields and basketball courts. Placed beams and nets on the court and tidied up the playground area. With the help of the municipality of Nafpaktia and our fellow Councilor Mr. Christos Egglezos the bed of the river war reformed in the summer time. Resolved the problem with various accounts of our association and restore function (on legality) that existed with the IRS and the Prefecture. Organized the reunion Chomoriton 2011 and 2012, the results of which are known to everyone and we do not think that further reference is needed. There was good cooperation between the Local Chairman of our village and Mr. Pericles Ziamparas Board of our Association. Finally we consider the Report of the Board two years was positive. In these difficult times we're not far from the Association together we can fight for a better future of our country. Good luck to the new board resulting from the current elections, so armed with strength, courage, effort and eager to work, to be able to do the very best for our village. Wish we all have a "good year full of health, joy and creation."
For the Board Babis Chantzis
! Îź"#!Îź$ !# #" ! % Îź&! !" Îź % ( !)% $ #"$, * + &$ # Îź ! e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org ! !. #&Îź & # ! % Îź&.
You can help to enrich the material of the newspaper! Send us photos, news or any text at our email email@example.com or to postal address of the newspaper.
3 - - 2013
) Îź " 4 "
Îź Îź : : 3 / ' Îź ! : # " . " ÎźÎź : 8 # ' " ÎźÎź : < Îź - = > Îź : + / 3 . =
# ' Îź : # * " $% & Îź. ( : < Îź J ! Îź ' + Îź + / ! . =
) | ' * Îź * " # / # Îź . ) . 3 / 3 Îź , + / 3 . =
' + Îź /
) . G. : . ) + / ! . =
3 / /
Unanimously voted for the new Board members as follows: Ordinary Members President: Chantzis Babis Vice President: Panagiotis Skiadas Secretary: Athanasiou- Drosos Filio Second Secretary: Zamparas - Katsaros Anna Treasurer: Egglezos H. Costas Second Treasurer: Skiadas Tryfonas Commissioner for P.R.: Gregory Ziamparas Alternate Members Mallas Efthimios Egglezos H. Costas
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1
Once again thank you for having chosen as Director of the Association newspaper last year, making an assessment I would like to assure you that I tried: 1. Along with the President and other members of the Board to issue on a regular basis our newspaper and distributed everywhere inside and outside Greece. Recently it became color on all pages. At this point I would like to thank our villagers Egglezos Chris and Dimitri Zamparas who have fully offered assistance for publishing and distribution. 2. And I partly succeeded to strengthen relations of Chomoriton inside and outside Greece. 3. The combination of yesterday and today for the older to remember and the younger to learn. 4. Awareness of the cultural life of the Association, aiming to maintain a strong relationship with the roots and history of the village maintaining the manners, customs and traditions of their ancestors. 5. Update on the renovations of traditional buildings and landscaping-which are the "identity" of the village-made with donations of fellow villagers. 6. Update on progress especially young children who excel both abroad and within Greece. Finally I want to assure you that our goal and purpose this year will be to show all of your suggestions and ideas that we will receive either via e-mail, or letters for the improvement of conditions of both permanent and temporary residents in the village, a pleasant stay for all of us in the summer months, especially the youth, to make the village an attraction. DIRECTOR FILIO ATHANASIOU - DROSOU 2012-2013
FINANCIAL REPORT 2012-2013
The Second Treasurer Mr. Skiadas Tryfonas is responsible for the subscription receipts Donations from abroad. Messrs. Harry Hantzis, Egglezos Costas H. Mallas Efthimios were appointed representatives to O.SY. N. Mr Egglezos Costas H. and Mrs. Polyxena Chantzi are responsible for the website of the Association.
Îź " 2011: + # Îź : ' " Îź Îź Îź : } # : + # :
) 5880,00 ) 2240,35 ) 176,38 ) 8273,00 ) 16569,73
Transfer from manual 2011: Proceeds from subscriptions: Transfer amount from savings account closure: Income from Grants: Total revenue:
) 5880,00 ) 2240,35 ) 176,38 ) 8273,00 ) 16569,73
* & (9
) + # : } # : ) 16569,73 - } # : ) 11534,34 = G :
) 11.534,34 )
(A list) Total Expenses: Revenue: ) 16569,73 - Cost: ) 11534,34 = Sum up:
) 11.534,34 )
Balance deposited in current accounts at Commercial Bank
' Îź 3 /
The President Babis Chantzis
X. + /
The Treasurer Kostas C. Egglezos
Îź Îź Îź
ÎĽÎ— Âť ÎšÎ•
Îź / " Îź # Îź , Îź # , Îź : 1. ' / Îź # Îź . # # " Îź # Îź # Îź + # . " # Îź ' # . '
+ / Îź < Îź Îź
" # # Îź . 2. K
Îź Îź " Îź + # . 3. T Îź Îź Îź , Îź Îź . 4. T Îź
# Îź ,
# , Îź # . 5. * Îź # Îź # Îź " -
ÂŤ Âť - Îź # Îź . 6. * Îź # Îź # # #
+ # . * #
# Îź Îź Îź e-mail,
# Îź Îź Îź #
# Îź Îź Îź , # ,
. ! /: * ;7 8 7` 79 6 : 7) G- ;) ) G
J L - L J : Îź !"# ÂŤ # $"%!&Âť J J : '$#! - ($! B L : )Îź* . +& ".: +30 210 9881014, L .: +30 6974 454572, Fax: +30 210 9827231 > : "*"( !Îź/ !(! Îź
L Q : # 0Îź$! - , ! J ? - L >Q : Giokas Graphics ). J Îź!# 104, M( L "Îź+, ".: +30 210 9839450 B ? J : 1 .. . 1 Îź Îź
Îź , Îź! . " # # $ % % & %.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Website: www.homori.com
>$&: Îź !$&: ! ? $ ? ÎźÎź!*: "# / $ !# " @ ? ÎźÎź!*: %& 'Îź !# ? ( )# @ Îź: "# / $ !# B !# @ Îź: ()*Îź >"!!+ - J Îź. . *: + 'Îź - ",*
President: Harry Chantzis Vice President: Panagiotis Skiadas Secretary: Kon/nos Egglezos Ilias 2nd Secretary: Gregory Zamparas Georgios 1st Treasurer: Kon/nos Egglezos Christos 2nd Treasurer: Timmy B. Malas Cultural - Public Relations: Anne - Zampara Katsaros
J # ! >.L .B .: + 'Îź - ",*
Director P.KE.CHO.: Anna Zampara - Katsaros
J # : * 4* Îź (5 )# J Îź!# 112, 17456 / M"Îź N !! ": 210 9881014 / Fax: 210 9827231 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org / http://www.homori.com
Address: Worldwide Association of Nafpaktos Chomoriton 112, Agiou Dimitriou Str, 17456 / Alimos - Attica GR Tel: +30 210 9881014 / Fax: +30 210 9827231 Email: email@example.com / http://www.homori.com
4 - - 2013
' ÎźÎź Îź " Îź # Îź . ! # Îź
Îź " CRYSTAL CITY ! ) * + L
. ) Îź Îź "
/ Îź " . * $" % # , " Îź # $Xenios Chalets%/= 3 : # ÂŤ* 7" %
: . *
$= # % * Îź + Îź # ( ) 3 Îź (Harry) ` Îź
Îź . :
/ . # Îź Îź : Îź # Îź
+ / . ! CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1
With the participation of many members and friends the event the cutting of the cake of our Association took Plce in Athens. The event this year was held once again in the beautiful surroundings of CRYSTAL CITY HOTEL in Athens. Attendees enjoyed the good buffet and had the opportunity to talk with villagers and friends. The "coins" New Year's cake were two, courtesy to our association of the hotel business "Xenios Chalets" / Kato Chora Nafpaktias and the hotel business "The Houses of Iphigenia" Platanos Nafpaktias. We thank them very much and wish them "good business". Lucky villagers were Peter Patoukas and Harry Lymperis from America. We wish them all the luck in the world. Attending the event and greeted our association was for the municipality of Nafpaktos the our fellow villager Mr. Chistos Egglezos. See you again Next year!
Îź" Îź J . . " # J ' ÎźÎź # - ` Îź | " " : ! J . . Îź " Îź Îź Îź
Îź . . . } Îź " # " Îź " . } Îź " # ' Îź 3 / , Îź Îź - & (
= 3 Îź "
" Îź .
According to the minutes of the General Meeting signed by the Chairman Mr. Michael Gounis secretary and Mrs. Andrianou - Lyberi Vasiliki the following decisions were taken: The Gm approved unanimously the Administrative and financial report of the Association and acquitted all the members of the outgoing Board of Directors from all liability. Unanimously accepted all bids from members and friends of the Association. Unanimously accepted the proposal of Mr. Babis Chantzis, to honor our fellow Mr. Anthony Drosos at the summer event of the opening of the Cultural Centre Chomoris for his writing and cultural offer to the association and our village.
Lymberis George Lymperis Anna Lymperis Harry Lymperis Yiota Lymperis John Skiadas Nondas Anagnostopoulos Nick Anagnostopoulos Koula Keares Harry Keares Irene Panagiotakis Gary Patoukas Peter # J # # -= ' / 6 # J # J | J ' J -= 6 # | + / ! + / =
+ / + / = > -' < Îź -= > < Îź 7 < Îź + < Îź Îź 7 < Îź ` Îź < Îź + < Îź Îź < Îź ' < Îź J 6 " 6 " Îź 6 " | 6 " =
` 3 ` Îź - # | ` Îź 3 Îź ' + " ' + " ' Îź ' + Îź ' =
' -< Îź # ' ' -= > J 3 ' 3 / : 3 / 3 / J 3 / 3 Îź 3 / 3
| 3 /
| 3 '
50,00 $ 50,00 $ 20,00 $ 20,00 $ 20,00 $ 50,00 $ 25,00 $ 25,00 $ 25,00 $ 25,00 $ 20,00 $ 50,00 ) 100,00) 100,00) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 50,00 ) 60,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 200,00) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 25,00 ) 25,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 ) 10,00 )
5 - - 2013
* 16 ' 2013 Îź
| Â Îź / % . ' / + Îź # ( ) .
On Saturday, March 16, 2013 at the village, we met with the Vice President of the Association Mr. Panos Skiadas nd and Mr. Trifon Skiadas 2 treasurer. With them were also, Peter Patoukas and Panos Svokos.
' , " Îź
Îź ; < Îź / Îź
Îź = .
On the occasion of this meeting, we visited the Cultural Center Chomoris and discussed the completion of work within and outside the Cultural Centre.
, # WC, , # " #
# Îź = . *
" # .
Immediate priority is the extension of the paved courtyard, the construction of men's and women's WC, reconstruction of the warehouse, the planting and the construction of iron railings and doors at the entrances of the area of the Cultural Centre. The cost of this project will be covered by Mr. Panos Skiadas.
# Îź Îź internet Îź
# " # , Îź Îź
Îź 3 Îź . * # * " # .
In the interior, a library will be created, with free internet as well as a multipurpose room that serves various events of the Association, as well as there will be stands and objects of historical and sentimental value for all Chomorites. The cost of this project has been undertaken by Mr. Tryfonas Skiadas.
Îź " * " # | ' Îź , ! ( ! Îź ! ( Îź ( - Îź . + Îź
Îź Îź Îź
Îź . +
Îź + Îź # Îź
We Thank you our dear friend and villager Mr. Trifona Skiadas Second treasurer of the Association for the amount delivered to us by the villagers of America. We hope you are all well and look forward to seeing them at the club's summer event in our village. We also thank Mr.Peter Patoukas for his invaluable help to our association.
! Îź! < =
# 3 Îź
Association President Chomoriton
# Îź # Îź > ! . ) Îź
Îź Îź # ? Îź!
Îź Îź Îź Îź . + Îź
# > ! # Îź Îź Îź , # " Îź
, 3 Îź . ) Îź Îź
At the beginning of the year was the local president of the village changed and our new president is, Mr. Nikos Andreopoulos. Our association would like to thank outgoing President Mr. Pericles Ziamparas for the excellent cooperation between us and the great services they offered for the good of our village. We are confident that the new president Mr. Nick Andreopoulos will manage with professionalism, collegiality and transparency in order to do what best for Chomori. Our association is an active supporter for the success of this objective. Good luck in your difficult task!
Îź . Îź # ' Îź 3 /
" Îź 10
Îź , "
Îź " ' Îź . K Îź Îź Îź Îź
( Îź ) 10.-/ 2011 2012. ! Îź # Îź Îź
Îź 3 Îź : Îź + Îź / . Îź : . 87257703 ' # Îź . . =
# # Îź # * Îź . ! G Îź / Îź ! / < Îź
Îź , ( Îź G Îź! / Îź Îź ( ( Îź! ( ( ! / Îź .
At the last meeting of the members of the Board and the proposal of its Chairman Mr. Bobby Chantzis the implementation of Article 10 of the Statute, we unanimously decided that the liquidation of the register immediately. Each member settle their fees to our Association which will be a minimum fee of ) 10.-/per year for the years 2011 and 2012. Payment may be in the name of the Association Chomoriton Nafpaktias either through Emporiki Bank account No. 87257703 or directly to any member of the Board. in Both cases l receipts will be issued which can be obtained from the Fund of the Association. We wish all Chomorites be members of the Association, because united we can be supporters of the current president of our village.
6 - - 2013
! J =
: Îź / Îź # , # " , " ,
Îź # Îź # , Îź Îź : . J ' # * = 3 Îź . < Îź "
# # . 3 Îź
Îź 3 Îź . * # Îź ' 1834-1924 ' 6 1870-1969. + Îź = Îź , " " " Îź , , , # # , " , # ,
. . . 1958 Îź 1996.
Âť Îź . * Îź 1928 Îź | + " , Îź , , " Îź ( # ,
), " Îź
# " " " . * Îź
Îź 1980 Îź 1984
1985. ) , Îź , J #
# Îź ,
. } # # Îź / Îź Îź Îź
# Îź . ' 4 Îź 3 Îź # . ' Îź 3 / Îź #
. ! Îź "
# Îź " Îź #
Îź = 3 Îź
Îź # # . 4
3 Îź Îź / Îź Îź # '
4 . + # Îź "
= . ! Îź , Â…
Îź J : . /
> Îź 29/03/2013
) 3 Îź :
! Îź , Â…
Îź J = : . / ,
# Îź : " ! # Îź ? Îź! , Îź
Îź 3 Îź 1834 - 1996 Îź 3 Îź 1934 - 1985. ' Îź ,
' # Îź , Îź , Îź = 3 Îź ' Îź
Îź # " / % , Îź Îź
Îź Îź = 3 Îź / Îź "
. . . ! Îź! < = # 3 Îź
J ? Îź! ; ( / .= + .3 ) .
The Office of the General State Archives in County Aitoloakarnania responsible for collecting, preserving, recording, sorting and distribution to research and study the history of our public and private archives, formally received from the Mayor Nafpaktias Mr. John Boules and President of the Local Community Chomoris Pericles Zamparas the file that was kept in the village school, along with the Chomoris community file. The record of community that has survived includes a Registry for the years 1834-1924 for Boys and a Girls Registry for the years 1870-1969. It also includes minutes of the Community Council, records and documents folders correspondence Births community issues, electoral, community rulers and irrigation, agriculture and livestock, forestry, statistics, etc. from the year 1958 to 1996. Then the community joined the "Kapodistrian" Platanos municipality. The file of the Primary School dates back to 1928 and includes the Books of Acts of the School Board, financial books, records, securities registration students (example, certificates), documents and books of student kitchens, statistical summaries and correspondence documents folders. It partially functioned as a school with few pupils from 1980 to 1984 and finally was abolished in 1985. The role, however, of the service of General State Archives do not end with the collection and management of archival material in the office but also extends to the presentation and disclosure, as well as to facilitate researchers to sources of history made known to both scholars and the general public. So the files are required to play the role of a living organism with intervention in cultural affairs. In this context emerged the cooperation with the Association of Chomoriton and the chairman of Mr. Babis Chantzis in an attempt to showcase the history of the village and the history of the school. The shape and evolution of this collaboration will be developed in the coming months as the Association is working on the organization and operation of the Cultural Center in the renovated school in Chomoris. This building seems to me as a mirror of the soul of Chomoriton who along with the money spent on its renovation submitted their love and something of their soul. Personally, I could not deny any assistance and cooperation since last year I pray to Kavadiotissa, I danced in the square and my kids have dived in Kotsalos. Bakadima Mary Head of the General Archives N. Aitoloakarnania
The Association Worldwide Chomoriton Nafpaktias thank Mrs. Maria Bakadima, Head of the General State Archives - Archives N. Aitoloakarnania, as well as our dear mayor Nafpaktias Mr. John Boules and the former president of our village Mr. Ziamparas Pericles, for their contribution to immediate liquidation of the files of the former community Homoris the years 1834-1996 and the abolished Chomoris primary school years 1934 - 1985. With the contribution, the help and cooperation of Ms Bakadima, our Association, the Cultural Center Chomoris and by extension our village become culturally richer and our club, thanks to financial sponsorship of the brothers Panos and Ted Skiadas, can organize through the Cultural Centre Chomoris present and pass down this rich cultural heritage to the younger generation. For the Board Babis Chantzis Association President Worldwide Chomoriton
Anna Zamparas Katsaros Director P.KE.CHO.
7 - - 2013
by Panos Skiadas
) = Îź 7 # Â… Îź , Îź , Îź 1947 1956 " Îź " :
, Îź # 4 .
The first site is Qumran in the solitary Judean desert where between 1947 and 1956 the famous Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered. This discovery was one of the greatest archaeological finds of all time. The extraordinary manuscripts appear to have been hidden in the caves of Qumran by the Essenes, a Jewish sect in existence before and during the time of Jesus. Written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek, the scrolls have transformed our understanding of the Hebrew Bible, early Judaism and the origins of Christianity.
8 , " ( Îź Îź / ), " Îź
= Îź +
, Îź 7 # Â… Îź # , / # / 3
. J ÎźÎź
+ Â… , Îź Â… + , "
" Îź / Îź 1947 4 Îź / 3
+ Â… | Â…Îź 7 # Â… Îź .
The second site that causes admiration to the eye and awe to the soul of the visitor is the Holy Monastery of St. Catherine on the foot of the God trodden Mount Sinai. Gazing at it from far away, one can unhesitantly say that its visible ) # , Îź Îź
4 beauty unwillingly directs your soul towards the invisible God. , > '
/ 6 - Mount Sinai, with the Holy Monastery in its foot, is very well known and
Â‰ . / Îź , #
Îź respected by the whole world, not only for its physical beauty and its imposing , " Îź " 4 grandeur, but mainly because here, three thousand years ago, God revealed 6 . * Îź '
Himself in a special manner. It was here that the Prophet Moses saw the ,
Îź Îź Îź , Îź burning, but not consumed, bush. See (Exodus 3:2, 5 & 6) $Then the Angel of the " Îź " Îź , # Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. So he saw the
# 6 4 # / . bush burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.%And, where he heard ÂŠ # , " ' Â‹ Îź Îź " Îź God's voice saying to him, $Moses! Moses!%Then he said, $Here I am.%So He said, ÂŤÂŒ . " # = " , $Do not come any closer. Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where , # . ÂŒ Âť . Â… " ÂŤ ' Â‹ , ' Â‹ . #
; # Îź # . you stand is Holy ground.% The first news regarding the Monas` # Îź # ,
, tery of St. Catherine we find in the
Âť ( # 3:2,5,6). chronicles of the Patriarch of ) " Alexandria, Entyhios, who lived during
, the 9th Century: These chronicles tell us how Helena, the mother of + # , Emperor Constantine, remained so / 9 . impressed by the sacredness of the places that in the year 330 she Îź" Îź " ordered the construction of a small , + chapel on the site where the burning Îź =
bush had been located. The chapel
was dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Îź ,
330 Îź.3 . Mary. A series of bloody raids and # murder that followed by the nomadic Îź . ) Îź tribes of the desert, forced the monks # Îź Îź # " of the monastery to ask for protection
Îź , , and help not only from the Byzantine Îź state, but also from the Prophet '
/ Mohammed himself who issued a
, Îź Â / # " ' Îź , protective document, a copy of which can still be seen today in the museum 4 '
of the monastery. Îź
. The year 530 the emperor Justinian ordered the construction of a much larger * 530 7
# Îź Îź - Basilica: the one which would be the magnificent Church of the Transfiguration. | , Îź Îź ' Îź " It was then that the monastery took on the appearance of a massive fortification Îź Îź # 4 12 15 Îź . with walls of 12 to 15 meters tall. Upon entering the monastery, one's first Îź
impression is that of entering a medieval village; similar to the village of our own '
Îź Îź Îź Îź # Îź
' Îź . * fort of Monemuasia. The buildings are crowded together, each one of a different
Îź Îź Îź , Îź # " Îź # , shape and style, seem to have sprung up by chance, without any order or precise
# " Îź # architectural plan. And yet the sense of harmony and of spirituality that emanates . Â Îź Îź Îź from them is great. Îź , . ) ' Îź " # '
The church of transfiguration is the heart of the monastery and has the largest Îź ) # Îź . and oldest collection of icons in the world. The thousands of icons that one can Îź ,
Îź - see in the monastery constitute one of the greatest treasures not only of the
. ! # monastery, but also of the whole Orthodox world. The richly gilded background
Îź , Îź / "
of the icons attests to the affluence of the faithful and of the monastery in the middle ages. # (17) . : ' Â‹ / Îź
Îź # Throughout the centuries Christians of all denominations, even emperors, made
# # " 6 . donations of icons and other ecclesiastical objects to the monastery. These
. * / / Îź # donations attest to the profound faith that prevailed in Sinai 17 centuries ago. | Îź Â… ' Îź " 3
CONTINUED ON PAGE 8
8 - - 2013
8 Îź 6 Îź Îź Îź ,
# Îź Â… # / Îź Îź . Îź Îź Îź Â… " =
/ Îź Îź " Îź 3
, # " , ' Â‹ !
, 7 7 . 7# , +
` " ' Îź " 3
(` 9: 28-36). ÂŤ = a 7 7 , ( 6 ) , # , Îź Îź
ÂŒ .. # , " ÂŒ ÂŒ Âť. ) # ,
, Îź ) # Îź . * 640 Îź > , '
4 | / . Â‰ ) # # Îź ` 777 726 8 9 , '
7 Îź Îź
" " '
. * Îź , '
Îź ) # 5 . '
843 ) # | /
Â | / ) # Îź . ' , '
, , / Îź Îź Îź , / " # 4 # Îź , "
Â… Îź ,
> 7 Îź . ! # '
Îź , . !
ÂŤ 4 Âť
Îź Â…Îź Îź " Îź | . ! Îź Îź Îź , # 3.300 " , , Îź4
# . " ( Îź ), "
" " Îź Îź Îź Îź ( Îź # Îź / , Îź
Îź " 4 Îź ). J Îź Îź Îź Îź
Îź Îź . (! Îź4
Îź 4 = " / # Îź ). +
Îź Îź Îź 4 " (spectral imaging an ultraviolet irradiation) # " "
Îź " . Â‰ Îź 7
Îź " " , 3.300 "
, + , Îź Â… , = , . . . * Îź
" 6 " Îź
Îź Îź . '
# . ) codex Syriacus, = # codex Sinaiticus, Â… = # , Îź # , Îź | . ) '
Îź + Îź
Îź " Îź4
, / , " " " Îź Îź
Îź Îź Îź
# . 3
Îź Îź # " " 4 Îź Îź Îź # # (ÂŤ! ' # Âť ÂŤ Îź Âť), # o " . ) Îź # " Îź4
" " Îź
Îź Îź Îź # 4 Îź , .. 4 .. G # , Îź Îź 7 3 Îź.3 .
The year 640 after the conquest of Egypt by the Arabs, the monastery ceased to be under the authority of the Byzantine State. When the Orthodox Church during the reign of the emperor Leo III in 728 forbade the veneration of icons (Eiconomahia) the monastery was under Islamic occupation and thus the destruction of the monastery's icons was avoided. As a result, the monastery was able to have preserved the only surviving Orthodox icons of the 5th century. With the restoration of the icons in 843, the production of Byzantine icons continued without interruption in the entire Byzantine Orthodox world.
, 6 # # Îź
) # Îź Îź .
Until then, let us keep praying to the miraculous St. Catherine to keep the monastery for many more centuries unchanged, inspiring many, many more future generations to visit it.
3 Îź : = . * Îź Îź
. Ntina Kolokythas passed away and was buried in Chomori Our sincere condolences to his family.
3 Îź : 6 " . * Îź Îź
. Nikos Theofanis passed away and was buried in Chomori Our sincere condolences to his family.
One of the most compelling icons that the monastery possesses is the one that depicts monks on a ladder with many steps, seeking salvation on the heavenly ladder, an event described by the Sinaitic monk Saint John Climacus. Behind the iconostasis, above the high altar, we find perhaps the most precious treasure in the Basilica: the grandiose mosaic of the transfiguration. Datable to the 6th century in the delicate harmony of its colors, it is one of the finest mosaics that have come down to us. Similar in style to the mosaic of St. Sophia of Constantinople, represents the transfigured Christ in the center, the two prophets Moses and Elijah to the left and at the feet of Christ, the apostles Peter, James and John. For the description of the transfiguration of Christ, see (Luke 9:28-36 and Matthew 17:1-3). The cultural importance of St. Catherine's Monastery rests not so much in its antiquity and its rich collection of rare icons as much as in its Library. Its Library, known as Therapeion Psychis (healing for the spirit) is considered as the world's greatest repository of early medieval writing after the Vatican. The collection is even richer than it first appears, because many of the 3,300 ancient manuscripts that the Library possesses are palimpsestsÂŒ that is, manuscripts (parchments) containing hidden texts older than their visible contents. Palimpsests (from the compound Greek word meaning again, scrape off, are parchments (mainly made from the skins of newly born animals, lambs, etc.) on which the original writing was erased so that scribes could reuse the precious parchment. Today due to the advancement of science in spectral imaging and ultraviolet irradiation, researchers are able to make the overtop text disappear as far as possible while enhancing the appearance of the under text. As father Justin explained a monk of the monastery who is running the operation of deciphering the monastery's palimpsests for years now the monastery has 3,300 manuscripts out of which 130 are palimpsests. Most of these manuscripts are written in Greek and the rest are written in ten languages Aramaic, Syrian, Coptic, Arabic, etc. The text of these manuscripts is mainly theological, but also are manuscripts with historical and scientific content. Among others from this library come two of the most important and well-known codices of ancient times: The Codex Syriacus and the Codex Sinaiticus. This Sinaiticus Codex is the oldest and the only existing complete copy of the original Greek manuscript of the Holy Scriptures. The monastery's Archbishop Damionos with his mostly Greek monks encourages the scientific research of the Palimpsests, hoping that their deciphering will bring to light new texts of great cultural value unknown till now. Due to new scientific techniques, researchers and scholars were able to recover the texts of seven of the Archimedes' treaties, two of which were not known from any other source. They were also able to recover a medical treatice known to be the oldest Hippocratic text. Scientists that are now working on the Sinai manuscripts were also able to reveal texts from the ancient world, including speeches by Hyperides, an Athenian orator of the 4th century B.C. and a 3rd century commentary on Aristotle's $categories%.It remains to be seen whether new treasures to match the Archimedes Palimpsest are revealed at the Holy Monastery of the God-trodden Mount Sinai.