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Pneumatic Tools New Guess the Tool Contest Top 5 Tools August/September 2013 TechShopMag.com
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Group Publisher: Jeff Stankard, ext. 282 Associate Publisher: Sean Donohue, ext. 206 Editor: Jennifer Clements, ext. 265 Contributing Editor: Tim Fritz, ext. 218 Technical Editor: Larry Carley Contributing Writers: Karl Schneider, Olle Gladso, Vladmir Postolovskyi and Andrew Bezhanov
16 AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2013
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Vol. 13, Issue 5
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6 // Using Fuel System Testers to Diagnose
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email@example.com 330-670-1234, ext. 286
firstname.lastname@example.org 330-670-1234, ext. 224
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Driveability Concerns In this article, shop owner and automotive trainer Karl Schneider will try to help you fix driveability concerns, with a focus on loss-of-power under loads issues on vehicles with an electric return fuel system.
16 // Maximizing Tools: Unconventional Diagnostic Methods In this first installment, Riverland Technical and Community College Instructors Olle Gladso, Vladimir Postolovskyi and Andrew Bezhanov share their knowledge of successful unconventional diagnostic procedures.
DEPARTMENTS 4 22 24 26
// // // //
29 // News Pneumatic Tool Products 35 // From the Tool Truck Top 5 Tools 36 // Classifieds Guest Editorial
Guess the Tool Contest
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TechShop is a member of and supports the following organizations:
Vice President/ Chief Financial Officer: Greg Cira Vice President/ Group Publisher: Jeff Stankard Controller: Beth Scheetz
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GUESTEDITORIAL Buying Counterfeit Scan Tools Goes Way Beyond Just ‘Buyer Beware’ Counterfeit scan tools scare me. I know someone who bought a counterfeit Rolex from a street vendor in New York for $13 several years ago and thought it was fun to fool their friends for a few months while the watch actually worked. However, as a responsible adult accepting the American rule-of-law, that person must accept that they were participating in a scam that was unfair to this Swiss company who has an international right to protect its good name and trademark. For some, it seems harmless to buy a counterfeit watch or purse because it comes with a low expectation of quality and it’s easy to just toss it in the trash when it doesn’t hold up. But I don’t know of any professional technician who is trying to fool their friends with a counterfeit scan tool.
Serious Business Consequences Our business is serious, and we have a high expectation of quality along with a parallel expectation of support for the tool we will depend on. When the counterfeit tool fails, we lose productivity. When the counterfeit tool turns the ECM to a brick, we lose money. When enough independent technicians buy counterfeits, the OEM begins to lose confidence that the aftermarket will indeed be able to service their car owners.
Let me be clear that counterfeit tools are not to be confused with legitimate aftermarket tools, clearly identified as an alternative brand with a real company ready to stand behind their legal production of a competitive product. Counterfeits are items identified by a trademarked name or label that does not belong to the crook who produced it.
Counterfeits and Clones Another scam with scan tools is the “clone” tools that illegally contain copyrighted software or components for which the crook failed to obtain proper license. Both of these types of counterfeit tools scare me, as it puts our whole industry at risk. NASTF OEM and independent volunteers are preparing a presentation on counterfeit tools to be given during the Fall 2013 NASTF General Meeting, Nov. 6, during the AAPEX/SEMA trade shows in Las Vegas. The NASTF event will be free to attend and without pre-registration. However, NASTF recommends early registration for trade show credentials and travel arrangements. For those options, v i s i t w w w. aapexshow .com. TS
Skip Potter NASTF Executive Director firstname.lastname@example.org
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very once in a while a vehicle comes to the shop with a driveability concern and no codes available to aid in the diagnosis. As techs, we use our knowledge and all the tools we have available to try to diagnose the vehicle correctly the first time. Unfortunately, sometimes, we aren’t able to find out exactly what the root cause of the concern is, and the vehicle may leave the shop not repaired and then come back another day as the concern persists or worsens — or not return at all if the customer loses faith with our abilities. This article will try to help you repair driveability concerns the first time and avoid those comebacks. This month, we’ll focus on a loss-of-power concern on vehicles with an electric return-type fuel system. During high-calculated loads and on steep grades, vehicles with an electric return-type fuel system may act as if they’re running out of fuel, and depending on geographical locations, this may happen occasionally or worsen quickly. During all other driving conditions, these vehicles run and perform fine.
Pump Up the Volume While the fuel system may be able to maintain the correct fuel pressure during most driving conditions, the volume, however, can be low and even close to zero and still run. Volume can be influenced by many different factors, so a full analysis must be
completed. Short- and long-term fuel trims (STFT and LTFT) are the adjustments made by the PCM/ECM to maintain the ideal 14.7:1 air/fuel ratio. Total fuel trims are the combination of STFT and LTFT added together. Total fuel trims may be seen on the plus side where PCM/ECM is attempting to richen the fuel mixture by adding fuel to counterbalance an apparent lean condition; however, the condition may not be extreme enough to set a DTC. Checking for low volume can be seen while driving the vehicle and watching the fuel trims or pressure when accelerating. STFT will in-
Karl Schneider Contributing Writer email@example.com
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FUELSYSTEMTESTING crease to the plus side and fuel pressure may drop below the manufacturer’s specifications. Another indication of being lean is if the front oxygen sensor(s)’ voltage(s) do not increase to maximum voltage quickly on acceleration. But this still may not be conclusive evidence of the exact concern. Depending on the severity and vehicle, you may be lucky enough to have lean codes P0171 and P0174 set in memory to help with diagnosing.
Fuel System Breakdown Fuel systems can be broken down into two types: fuel return and returnless. While we’re focusing mostly on return-type systems in this article, returnless-type systems are becoming more popular today due to evaporative emissions and gasoline direct-injected systems. Return-Type Fuel Systems Fuel flow is measured on a return-type fuel system with the continuous flow of fuel from the tank to the fuel rail and excess fuel (not used) flowing back to the fuel tank via the fuel rail pressure regulator. Volume is very important on return systems with electric fuel pumps to make sure we get the correct amount of fuel delivered to the fuel injectors. Before we go any further, now is a good time to check for a good supply of clean voltage. Battery/ charging voltage has tremendous influence on the amount of fuel that flows though the fuel system itself. If the correct voltage is not maintained, the fuel pump may not be able to deliver the correct amount of volume. Remember, the voltage is the pressure or push, so the higher the voltage, the more of a push and the higher the current flow. Be sure to check your charging system before continuing to check the fuel system itself when considering volume. During testing we’ve found that even a one-volt difference can change volume by over one-third. For example, fuel volume at 14.2 volts is 0.5 gallons per minute (gpm) (1.9 liters per minute [lpm]) if the voltage were to be lowered to 13.2 volts, the volume will be lowered to around 0.3 gpm. Keep in mind, the days of a vehicle not cranking from a dead/weak battery are over — batteries do not fail as they did in the past. With computerization and engine control systems today, the engine can start quickly with a minimum amount of voltage. Many concerns associated with battery and voltage can go unnoticed if the vehicle starts and/or cranks quickly. Many customers still assume if the vehicle cranks, then the battery must still be good. Our next step is to check the fuel quality for contami-
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nation, most commonly alcohol. An alcohol fuel test kit can be purchased or you can make your own with a graduated cylinder or bottle. Combine one part water to five parts gasoline and shake for 30 seconds, let it sit for approximately 10 minutes for the alcohol to combine with the water. Next, subtract the initial amount of water added from the level of clear liquid and multiply the increased amount by 10 for the alcohol percentage. Alcohol can drive fuel trims to the positive side due to the high oxygen content and the lack of British Thermal Units (BTUs). Flex fuel vehicles have the ability to adjust for increased alcohol; however, if the vehicle is not a flex fuel vehicle, fuel trims can be high, with the system continually trying to richen the mixture. Checking for alcohol is fairly easy, as seen in Figure 1, and should be done with all driveability concerns, lean codes and catalyst codes. During my career of teachFigure 1 ing, I’ve found that most technicians or shops use tools to check electric return-type fuel systems that may result in incorrect data. Most shops have a fuel gauge that connects to the rail with a teed line and a button or valve to drain fuel into a container, see Figure 2. When running the engine, the valve is opened and fuel is delivered into the measFigure 2 ured container. Unfortunately, this fuel measurement tool design doesn’t work very well with electric fuel systems to check volume. When the fuel system is opened to the atmosphere, the pressure drops. This allows the fuel pump to spin faster, delivering more fuel than the actual volume into the measure container, appearing to have plenty of fuel, and giving inaccurate results. Unfortunately, this can lead to test results appearing as if the volume is correct and possibly missing a correct diagnosis. From this point, the technician may move on to diagnose other systems or worse, replace parts trying to
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FUELSYSTEMTESTING Figure 7
rectify the concern. (This is the vehicle you give back to the customer on a late Friday afternoon knowing right well it isn’t fixed, telling them to try it and see if it is any better — at least you’ll have a peaceful weekend!) When checking the volume correctly in an electric return-type fuel system, it is recommend to use a closed loop fuel system flow tester, see Figure 3. These are typically incorporated with a fuel pressure gauge to check pressure and volume at the same time. These testers have a flow gauge with a float in a clear tube, the float moves to a measured level inside the tube when fuel is flowing. Fuel volume should be consistent and will not
change with throttle opening, engine load or temperature. This allows an accurate test in the shop, eliminating the need of a road test. The average fuel volume is around 0.5 gpm, but you may need to check an aftermarket source if the OE doesn’t supply volume specification. A rule of thumb is about 0.5 gpm or higher. While testing a Ford Taurus, I found the fuel pressure of 35 psi (Figure 4) was within specifications of 30-45 psi Key On Engine Off (KOEO). When checking the flow, it was 0.24 gpm — far below the minimum needed of 0.5 gpm (Figure 5). Quick calculation: a fuel pump that delivers 0.5 gpm will pump 30 gallons per hour (gph). A vehicle
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getting 30 miles to the gallon will use 2 gallons of fuel per hour when driving at 60 mph. In the case of the Taurus, 28 gallons of fuel are being returned to the fuel tank per hour. There would have to be a 28-gallon-perhour decrease in fuel volume before a change in pressure would be seen. Another benefit of this fuel system tester is the clear tube that gives a view of the fuel to check for contamination and/or air bubbles in the fuel, see Figure 6. Volume should be a fairly consistent; somewhere between 0.5 to 0.7 gpm. Always refer to manufacturer’s specifications for correct fuel pressure and volume. Check the
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FUELSYSTEMTESTING fuel pump relief valve pressure by deadheading the pump; some fuel system tools have a valve that can be turned to block the fuel line for maximum pressure, see Figure 7. In-tank fuel pumps typically have a relief valve to protect the system in case of a fuel line blockage, this valve relieves fuel pressure around 90 psi. This will see if the pump is capable of building pressure high enough to open the relief valve and if the valve is working. Also, it’s a good idea to check the “check valve” — the check valve holds fuel in the fuel lines and rail(s) to maintain pressure when the engine is turned off. If the check valve is bad, the vehicle may exhibit hard starting or vapor lock (fuel boiling in the rail on hot soaks) — remember an increase in pressure increases the boiling point. This is most likely to occur in the spring when switching from winter to summer fuels; winter fuel’s boiling point is about 50° less than summer fuel.
able fuel pump systems, which change fuel pressure as needed during different driving conditions. Some may be mechanical or electronically regulated and will be tested differently. To help complicate things, some vehicles combine a return-type and returnless system into one (running loses fuel supply) changing back and forth as load and rpms change. Using tools and equipment to provide correct information and data for accurate diagnosing is important to repair the vehicle correctly the first time. Always remember your repair is only as good as your knowledge, tools and parts when diagnosing and repairing a vehicle. An educated technician does in the beginning what an uneducated technician does in the end. TS
Returnless-Type System Checks Fuel system testers are useful on returnless-type systems as well to check for relief and check valves along with contamination and aeration. Returnless systems have very little if no measureable flow when measured with a closedloop flow gauge. Fuel pressure also may not be very helpful when checking using a mechanical fuel pressure gauge; most specifications refer to the Fuel Rail Pressure (FRP) sensor reading from scan tool data, which is referenced from manifold vacuum. Mechanical gauge pressure is referenced from atmospheric pressure and will not match the FRP sensor reading. Also, don’t overlook engine vacuum and back pressure. Remember to research the specific vehicle you’re working on. Some vehicles use vari-
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Fuel and A/C Disconnect Pliers Lisle Corp. offers Fuel and A/C Disconnect Pliers (37300) with a unique design that provides extra leverage when disconnecting quick connect coupling air conditioning and fuel lines with 5/16”, 3/8” or 1/2” adapters from the Lisle 37000 or 39400 Disconnect Tool Sets.
The pliers’ forks have different-sized openings so the tool can be turned around to fit single- or two-step collar designed connector lines. The pliers can also be used to reconnect stubborn lines or connections that are in hard-to-reach areas. Lisle Corp. Circle #51 for more information
Fuel System Cleaner Removes Fuel Deposits While Increasing Vehicle Performance BlueDevil Products’ new FUEL MD product line now offers its first installment, BlueDevil Fuel System Cleaner. From cracked heads and radiators to oil pans and transmissions, BlueDevil Products manufactures quality sealants for various repair options in automotive systems. The announcement of FUEL MD marks the debut of BlueDevil Products’ fuel and engine treatment chemicals. BlueDevil Fuel System Cleaner will remove fuel deposits while increasing vehicle performance. FUEL MD improves gas mileage, fuel efficiency, vehicle start up, and will restore a consistent engine idle while lowering fuel octane requirements. BlueDevil Products Circle #52 for more information
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PRODUCTPREVIEWS Autoranging Automotive Multimeter The 3505A is the latest version of the OTC 100 Series Autoranging Automotive Multimeter with many new troubleshooting features. Features include: resistance, continuity, diode and capacitance tests; rpm and temperature measurement; millisecond pulse width and peak volts measurements for fuel injectors; duty cycle and frequency to 10M Hz; dwell measurement; O2 cross counts; relative measurement, can be used for low resistance measurements to remove test lead resistance from measurement; data recording: min/max for fluctuating measurements; data hold; and fused direct current measurement up to 10 amps. The 3505A also includes heavy-duty test leads with removable alligator clip ends, inductive rpm clamp and temperature probe. OTC Circle #53 for more information
Clean Up on Fuel Injection Business The Snap-on Fuel Injection System Cleaner (EEFI5CLEANER) cleans deposits from fuel injectors, fuel rail and intake valves; restores engine performance; lowers emissions and smoothes idle. This canisterstyle cleaner accepts your shop’s preferred fuel injection system cleaner, one that is OEM specified or required to maintain a specific vehicle’s warranty (sold separately). Check the vehicle’s fuel pressure with the right-hand gauge and easily set the cleaning pressure with the left-hand gauge. The stainless steel braided Teflon hose resists solvents. It conveniently hangs under the hood with a center chain, and is compatible with EEFI500 series adapters (sold separately). Snap-on Circle #54 for more information
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New Scan Tool Software Features Finalized 2012 MY Coverage
AutoEnginuity, LLC recently announced the release of the new and improved ProLine VCI and ScanTool 11.1 for the Windows platform. The ProLine VCI connector supports new electrical improvements such as the improved protection for ISO pins to prevent errant vehicle power from overheating the connector. Also included is more electronics required for the new Fiat, Ferrari and Maserati enhancements. More electrical switches were added to allow for more K line isolation from other protocols making switching protocols more reliable on mixed bus vehicles. AutoEnginuity Circle #60 for more information
Professional Technical Support Expanded Innova Electronics Corporation has expanded its Innova PRO technical support operating hours for automotive professionals to seven days a week, effective immediately. Automotive service professionals can call the dedicated line 1-877-227-7226 daily from 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. PST to speak in English or Spanish with an ASE-certified technician located at the company’s headquarters in Irvine, CA. “Our Innova professional diagnostic tools are supported by unmatched technical assistance from an experienced team of ASE-certified technicians,” said Krista Redmond, marketing supervisor. “We view our professional customers as business partners and recognize that they often work all weekend in order to best serve their customers. We understand the importance of being readily available to them every day so they can complete the diagnosis and repair of vehicles quickly, accurately and profitably.” Innova Electronics Corporation Circle #61 for more information
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Unconventional Diagnostic Methods S
imple techniques will often allow us to diagnose problems without a significant investment of time and effort. Knowledge, experience and observation are at the core of successful unconventional diagnostics. The ability to see and understand things that others may miss will make the difference between your shop and your competition. Unconventional methods do not necessarily involve the use of expensive equipment and devices. It can be just a simple observation and some “tricks of the trade.” For example, you can hold your hand close to the exhaust pipe, which could help determine if the engine is misfiring. However, unless you have the ability and knowledge to combine methods — unconventional as well as conventional — depending on the task at hand, you may not be successful in your diagnosis. Figure 1: The DMM shows Let’s begin by exploring unconventional that the wiring to the uses of a digital multimeter (DMM). control unit has continuity. For our first example, we’ll use a situation where the scanner showed a code had been set for a faulty tank vent valve. Normal diagnostics often involve checking the resistance of the To do this, turn the ignition switch to the off posivalve, presence of system voltage and the control tion. On your multimeter, select “diode test.” Conmodule’s ability to activate the valve by using a nect the multimeter’s red lead to the vehicle ground, scanner with bidirectional control ability. The resistand the black lead to one of the pins in the harness ance of the valve is normal, the power supply is connector for the vent valve. If the meter shows normal, but activating the valve using the scanner practically zero voltage, it is most likely that we are doesn’t work, so where is the problem? on the power supply pin in the valve connector. If Perhaps there is an open in the circuit wiring some- the display voltage was approximately 550 mV, then where? You can dismantle the vehicle sufficiently to the wiring to the control unit is good and the output gain access to the engine control unit (ECU), find transistor is most likely OK. If the meter displayed the right pin on the connector, and, using an ohman open circuit, then there is most likely a break in meter, check the continuity between the control unit the wiring. If the meter showed close to zero on and the valve. If the output transistor in the ECU (such as the tank vent valve circuit) has an integrated diode in it Olle Gladso, Vladimir Postolovskyi (used for voltage spike suppression), the diode, and Andrew Bezhanov along with our knowledge of the system, can help Contributing Writers and Instructors at Riverland us find potential wiring problems as well as probTechnical and Community College in Albert Lea, MN lems within the ECU.
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MAXIMIZING TOOLS Figure 2: The forward voltage drop of a typical diode.
both pins, there is a short to ground somewhere. The short to ground could be either in the wiring itself, or in the control unit. We cannot directly test the transistor itself. However, since the protection diode is often built into the transistor, then, in case of damage, both are usually damaged. The diode is connected across the transistor in reverse polarity. In order to check the diode, we connect the DMM test probes in reverse polarity as well. With properly connected test probes, the current will go through the diode, and the display will show the forward voltage drop of the diode. See Figure 1, in which the DMM shows that the wiring to the control unit has continuity. How does this work? Figure 2 shows a DMM in the diode test mode. In this mode, the meter delivers approximately 1.5V to the meter leads. The voltage is delivered through a fairly large value resistor and the meter circuit reads the voltage at the probe leads. (See Figure 3.) If the leads are shorted together, or they are connected across a small resistance, the meter will read 0V or close to it. The reading is the voltage at the meter leads after the resistor. In this mode, any voltage larger than 999 mV will cause the meter to read “1”. The “1” sign by convenFigure 3: The actual measuring circuit inside the DMM. Circle #17 for Reader Service
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MAXIMIZING TOOLS tion means open circuit. In Figures 4a and 4b, the DMM on the right is in the â€œdiode testâ€? mode, and the DMM on the left is set to measure voltage. Both meters are connected to a resistance box, which is a test device that can be used as a
Figures 4a and 4b: Comparing diode test and resistance/voltage measurement.
variable resistor. If we reduce the resistance of the resistance box, the voltage output from the DMM in the diode test mode will be less and the display will show a voltage value lower than 1,000 mV. A DMM in the diode test mode (and to some
degree also in the resistance test mode) can be used as a low voltage source that can provide 0-1,000 mV, to simulate some sensors. In another example, the scan tool showed that a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for the knock sensor had set. There are several possible causes for the DTC, such as a bad sensor, bad wiring, bad control unit or the sensor itself is not properly torqued. The sensor can be checked with a DMM and here is how: The sensor itself has a very high internal resistance and normally the DMM cannot measure it. However, some manufacturers integrate a resistor into the knock sensor to be able to test the circuitâ€™s integrity (shorts, opens, low and high resistance). The value is commonly 50-100 k ohms. How can a knock sensor without the built-in resistor be checked? The piezo element in the knock sensor is, in addition to a voltage-generating device, also a capacitor. We can measure the capacitance, using the DMM. Most knock sensors have a capacitance of approximately 9001,300 pF. The wiring from the control unit to the sensor may add a significant amount of capacitance. This capacitance may need to be accounted for. The knock sensor can be checked to some degree simply by measuring the output voltage from the sensor when tapped. This method does have some significant drawCircle #18 for Reader Service
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MAXIMIZING TOOLS Figure 5: A special purpose DMM set to measure capacitance.
backs: The signal from the knock sensor is of very short duration. Because the DMM needs some time to sample the signal and cannot continously sample it, we will get different measured voltages for each tap, even if we tap the sensor with the same effort. If the DMM is equipped with a function that
records and displays maximum voltage, that function can be helpful in this case. The knock sensor is often mounted on the cylinder block in an inaccessible location. Tapping on the sensor may not be possible for that reason. High-end DMMs such as the meter shown in Figure 5 tend to
have a number of functions in addition to the basic ACV, DCV, Ohms, diode test, DCA and ACA modes. Some additional functions to look for are temperature, frequency, transistor and capacitance tests. Some DMMs will also remember the minimum and maximum values of any given measurement as
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MAXIMIZING TOOLS well as a measurement hold mode where the display shows the last value before the test leads were disconnected. Medium-range meters may only have a max hold mode and no min hold mode, however. The max hold mode can be useful to us in many cases. For example, you can use the max hold mode to check the voltage on the stop lamp bulbs without needing an assistant. Enabling this mode on the multimeter, we can move to press the brake pedal. A multimeter will measure and memorize the maximum voltage present at the bulbs while you depress the brake pedal. See Figure 6. Sometimes we want to be able to measure the minimum voltage in a
Figure 6: A DMM showing the max hold mode being used.
given circuit, but many DMMs can only measure max voltage. There is a way around this — we can “trick” the meter into remembering the minimum voltage — just connect the meter test leads backward. See Figure 7. We connect the red test lead to the
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Figure 7: A DMM connected backward.
negative part of the circuit and the black test lead to the positive part of the circuit. The multimeter will show a negative voltage, but we know that this is not the case. If we are suspecting a bad connection somewhere, we can twist and bend wiring and connectors without having to constantly watch the meter for voltage dips. If the meter shows anything less than the nominal voltage in the circuit, we know there is a bad connection somewhere in what we just tested. We can also use this technique to measure and record voltage drops when starting the engine. This can be very useful when diagnosing complaints of poor starting or charging. The actual starting of the engine may take less than one second, so it may be desirable to disable the sluggish auto range function in the DMM. Just set the range to something on the order of 1 to 2 volts or so, since the voltage drop should be very small. If the meter shows OL when performing this test, increase the range and try again. One problem with this technique is that the max hold function will show 0 volts if we disconnect the multimeter probes, accidentally or otherwise. This is because 0V is larger than a negative voltage. The next installment of Unconventional Diagnostic Methods will tackle more diagnostic tips and tricks for your DMM. TS
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PRODUCTPREVIEWS Long-lasting Fixes on the Go J-B Weld offers a range of simple, affordable and long-lasting solutions, with each product providing the strongest bond. J-B Weld bonds quickly, works on difficult environments, and is easy to use and safe. Plus all products are able to withstand constant temperatures as high as 500Â°, making them ideal for auto, motorcycle and ATV repairs and more. J-B Weld is available in various forms and
packages, including twin tubes, putty and easy mix syringes â€“ so there are many options that are lightweight and fit easily inside a toolbox.
Software Update for TPMS Tool Makes Programming Sensor Easy, Fast and Accurate Bartec USA, LLC announces the latest software update (R50) to the Tech400SD, which adds the ability to program popular aftermarket sensor solutions from Alligator and Orange in addition to the Schrader EZ-sensor. The Tech400SD menus make it easy to choose the sensor, and provide easy-to-follow instructions at the appropriate place in the repair process. The Tech400SD also works very well with leading multi-application sensors like the Continental Redi-Sensor and the JohnDow DVT Sensor. The R50 update contains additional OBD relearn coverage for Ford and GM vehicles, and introduces TPMS OBD relearns for Volvo cars. Bartec USA, LLC Circle #63 for more information
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PRODUCTPREVIEWS 1/2” Impact Wrench Now with Socket Set & Knife Due to popular demand, the ergonomically advanced CP7759Q 1/2” impact wrench, with both short and extended anvils, is now on promotion through Dec. 31, 2013, and paired with a color-coded, three-piece wheel protector socket set (17 mm, 19 mm, and 21 mm) and a stainless-steel sportsman knife. The CP7759Q is the lightest 1/2” impact wrench in its range on the market, weighing just 3.74 lbs. Its ergonomic and lightweight design makes the CP7759Q a more comfortable, highly balanced tool to help reduce wrist and forearm fatigue, while still delivering 780 ft.-lbs. of maximum torque in reverse. Chicago Pneumatic Circle #63 for more information
Impact Wrench Offers 4 Torque Settings in Forward Florida Pneumatic has introduced the FP-740TLI, a 1/2” impact wrench that incorporates a graduated torque setting dial whereby the operator may select four specific torque settings in the forward direction. The torque settings are in graduations of 65 ft.-lb., 80 ft.-lb., 100 ft.-lb. and 120 ft.-lb., while delivering a maximum 800 ft.-lb. torque in the reverse direction. The FP-740TLI also features a unique Florida Pneumatic “ECD” easy change of direction bar for ultimate efficiency when removing and replacing lug nuts. Weighing in at 5 lbs., the FP-740TLI impact wrench is powered by a highenergy six-vane 8,500 rpm motor, and features a 2” extended drive and through-handle exhaust. Florida Pneumatic Manufacturing Corporation Circle #64 for more information
Heavy-Duty Air Tools Added to Commercial Program Campbell Hausfeld expands its CH Commercial program with 23 heavy-duty air tools to complement its existing CH Commercial compressed air lines, which include reciprocating air compressors, rotary screw air compressors, service truck air compressors and a full line of filters/regulators/lubricators. The CH Commercial air tools line includes the CL1501 3/8” Ratchet. The CL1501 is ideal for automotive engine work, and delivers 55 ft.lbs. of maximum torque at 155 rpm to install fasteners in tight compartments. It features heat-treated ratcheting components for increased durability and a comfortable rubber grip. Campbell Hausfeld Circle #65 for more information
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Great for Brake Calipers & Transmission Work AIRCAT’s 1355-XL NITROCAT 3/8” Impact Wrench provides 700 ft.-lbs. of loosening torque and 1,750 bpm. AIRCAT has incorporated the rugged and reliable twin hammer mechanism, which creates faster blows per minute. A lightweight 2.7 lbs. all-grey composite body offers the user a sleek, comfortable, ergonomic design. AIRCAT’s patented exhaust system gives this tool an extremely low decibel level of 86 dBa, with no loss of power. Other features include: 15% larger motor than previous 1355-XL version, creating more power; patented quiet technology (86 decibels); patented easy operation flip lever forward and reverse; and working torque: 200-500 ft.-lb. AIRCAT Circle #66 for more information
PRODUCTPREVIEWS All-New 1/2” Drive, Reversible Impact Wrench The design team at Beta Tools worked with technicians to see how they could improve their existing pneumatic impact wrench product line. The result is the all-new 1927P Impact Wrench. The double-hammer design provides superior force and balance, and a bolt-busting 1,290 ft.-lbs. of maximum torque, which puts it in the range of most 3/4” drive impact wrenches. The 1927P is made from composite material to reduce weight for technicians who use the wrench for longer periods. Other features include an oversized reverse-lever in the back of the gun, three adjustable screwing positions and an exhaust that vents through the handle. Peerless Hardware Manufacturing Company, Inc., the North American importer of Beta Tools of Italy Circle #67 for more information
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24 Top 5 Tools 7/31/13 11:54 AM Page 24
TOP 5 TOOLS The Top 5 Favorite Tools of Top Technicians Alex Santana Santana Auto Repair San Juan, Puerto Rico Ingersoll Rand 1/2” Impact Wrench OTC Genisys Zendex Tool Corp.’s GoJak Power Probe Ingersoll Rand
Jason Castorano, CEO The Car Doctor Centereach, NY AIRCAT’s 1000 1/2” Impact Wrench — Low noise, great power. SK Hand Tools XL Box Wrench — 8 mm to 19 mm — Love ’em. Snap-on 7.2V LED Flashlight — Lasts long and bright. Craftsman Scan Tool 20899 — Great tool; live data. Makita 3/8” Impact Driver 14.4V — Good tool.
Rick Ambrose, owner South Street Chevy Riders Springfield, IL Power Probe — It has its own power supply. Snap-on Toolbox — Got to have storage. BendPak Two-Post Lift — Great to get under. Snap-on 1/2” Impact Wrench — Tons of power! Snap-on Gloves — To protect the best tools you have — your hands.
Todd Frisbie, fleet/facility manager City of Belding Belding, MI Snap-on PT410 HD Angle Die Grinder Ingersoll Rand Titanium 1/2” Drive Impact — Quiet Snap-on SOLUS Pro Scanner Channellock No. 909 10-22 Crimper Welper YS-50 Welder Pliers TS
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24 August/September 2013 | TechShop
15,21,25 Products 7/31/13 11:30 AM Page 25
New Relay Adapters Added to Kit Electronic Specialties introduces the #191 Relay Buddy Pro Test Kit, which includes five newly developed relay adapters and the tester in a blow-mold case. Three of the adapters make testing of shielded relays possible. The other two adapters permit testing of two new relay types commonly used on fuel pumps and other powered devices. For those who wish to upgrade their existing Relay Buddy, the adapters will be available separately as well. Relay Buddy provides an indication of the general health and functioning of the most common 4/5 pin relays, and it uses the vehicleâ€™s 12V battery for its power source. Visit www.esitest.com. Electronic Specialties, Inc. Circle #62 for more information
Complete Tire Repairs Comfortably BendPak/Rangerâ€™s TS-150 Height Adjustable Tire Spreader quickly lifts tires to a convenient work height to make tire repairs infinitely more comfortable for the technician. The heavy-duty rollers permit tires to rotate freely, while the adjustable spreader forks accommodate both narrow- or wide-tread widths. Control operations, including tire lift and spread, are air-powered and use simple ergonomic air valves for operation. This convenient tire spreader is the perfect accessory for any well-functioning garage or shop. Visit www.rangerproducts.com. BendPak Inc. Circle #70 for more information
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26 Guess the Tool_Aug 7/31/13 11:55 AM Page 26
Guess The Tool! Win $50! Have some fun with TechShop! Our Guess the Tool contest keeps you guessing each issue.
What type of tool or equipment does this picture represent?
If you think you know the answer, go to www.TechShopMag.com and click “Guess the Tool” on the nav bar. Submit your answer and contact information. A winner will be randomly selected from correct entries by the TechShop staff and awarded $50.
The deadline to enter is Sept. 23, 2013. The winner’s name will appear in the October/November issue of TechShop.
#15 Contest #15’s Guess the Tool winner is Daryl Roberton, technician, at South County Auto Repair in Oxon Hill, MD. Daryl’s correct answer of Pass-Thru Programmer won him $50! Be sure to try your guess at contest #16. You could be our next $50 winner! Rules: Only one winner will be selected. Chances of winning are dependent upon the number of correct entries received. Employees of Babcox Media, industry manufacturers and TechShop advertisers are not eligible to enter.
26 August/September 2013 | TechShop
! D E V L O S Circle #27 for BendPak Reader Service
29-30 News 7/31/13 11:56 AM Page 29
NEWS 90-Year-Old Italian Tool Company Testing the Waters in the U.S. Market A brand name as well-known in Europe as Ferrari, family-owned Italian tool company Beta Utensili S.p.A. is looking to test the water on this side of the pond, with a new distribution agreement with Peerless Hardware in Pennsylvania. As of now, Peerless is the exclusive importer of record for Beta products in the U.S. The business was founded in 1923 in Milan, and the brand name “Beta” was trademarked in 1939. Beta offers a product portfolio of more than 10,000 SKUs — from wrenches and socket sets to tool chests and even a line of fashionable work wear, shoes and safety boots. The clothing range, however, is sold only in Europe. The company has three manufacturing plants in Italy,
where the bulk of its products are made. Over the years, the company has had partnerships with prestigious European racing teams, including Ferrari, Jordan, McLaren and Minardi in Formula 1; and Honda, Suzuki, Kawasaki and Yamaha in MotoGP. For more news on Beta Tools, visit http://bit.ly/18W7ppX. To learn more about the availability of Beta tools in the U.S., visit Peerless Hardware at www.peerlesshardware.com.
New Branch Office for Kaeser Compressors Kaeser Compressors, Inc. opened a new factory-direct facility to support Kaeser’s industrial and commercial customers in the greater Philadelphia area. The new branch supplies and supports the company’s entire product offering. The branch team of factory-trained sales and service professionals is led by Dan LeViness and offers a full range of services, including: air system audits for energy reduction and process improvement; air system design and installation; new equipment sales; scheduled preventive maintenance; and equipment repair services. For more information, visit www.KaeserNews.com/Phil. AVI Releases ASE G1 Test Prep Program: Auto Maintenance and Light Repair AVI expands its ASE Test Prep product line with the introduction of the G1 Test Prep Program, which covers preventive maintenance and light repair services. The AVI ASE G1 Test Prep Program features
Scenes from the 2013 ISN Tool Dealer Expo The 2013 ISN Tool Dealer Expo was a recordbreaking event that brought together tool distributors with the top equipment and tool manufacturers from across the country to the Gaylord Palms Hotel in Orlando, FL. In addition to the informative product demos at vendors’ trade show booths, each day crowds drew to the center of the show floor for live gator wrestling shows with Jimmy Riffle and the crew from Animal Planet’s “Gator Boys” program. Among the prizes attendees could win were a 2013 Camaro from ISN, a 2013 Jeep Wrangler from IRWIN Tools, a 2013 Suzuki King Quad four-wheeler from Makita Tools and a HarleyDavidson motorcycle from Redline Detection.
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Actor R. Lee Ermey signed autographs. TechShopMag.com
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NEWS instructor Bill Haas and helps technicians make the most of their study time. Each multi-hour, interactive, video-based program also includes: study guide, task lists, glossary of terms and practice test questions. To order, visit www.autovideo.com or call 800-718-7246.
Atlas Copco Creates Central Technical Support Competency Group Atlas Copco Compressors has created a new central Technical Support Competency Group to provide support for in-depth technical inquiries from customers, distributors and employees across the United States. The new group is headquartered in Rock Hill, SC, at the new Business Services Center, located near the product management team. The creation of the Technical Support Competency Group is at the center of Atlas Copcoâ€™s strategy to align technical support with product competencies as opposed to geographic regions. While dedicated technical support liaisons will continue to assist with regional-
focused customer activities such as site visits, the new group will expand the current customer service model to include high-level technical support and product knowledge available to customers across the U.S. The team can be reached by calling one dedicated number: 866-865-7995. TS
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31 AVI Test TS 7/31/13 11:56 AM Page 31
32-34 Tech Tip_Prods 7/31/13 12:10 PM Page 32
TECH TIP Heater Core Leak Repair A classic sign of a heater core problem is when the inside of the vehicleâ€™s windshield persistently keeps misting. Warm coolant is leaking out of the core into the vents and then condensing against the cooler surface of the windshield. The automatic response is to turn up the blowers to try and clear the mist, but this only compounds the problem. The solution is usually to remove and either repair or replace the heater core. However, this is a particularly time-consuming task, which on older vehicles is often not cost-effective. An alternative solution is to treat the cooling system with a total coolant leak repair additive. These are designed to flow throughout the cooling system, including through the heater core, to make a quick and low-cost repair. Look for a ceramicbased, coolant-friendly product; ideally one that conforms to ASTM D-3147. This solution is brought to you by K-Seal www.kseal.com.
Full Line of Ratcheting Wrench Sets Sunex Tools recently announced the launch of a comprehensive new ratcheting wrench program. This 12-set program covers 95% of all common applications and boasts SAE and Metric V-Groove Combination, Flex V-Groove Combination, Stubby V-Groove Combination, Flex Stubby V-Groove Combination, Extra Long Double Box, and Extra Long Flex Double Box Sets. These new hand tool sets feature a versatile universal spline ratcheting box end. This innovative 6in-1 tool design not only provides the user with the ability to turn traditional hex and 12-point fasteners, but also provides a solution for damaged/rounded hex fasteners, aerospace spline, external star and square fasteners. Sunex Tools Circle #71 for more information Circle #32 for Reader Service
32-34 Tech Tip_Prods 8/14/13 9:21 AM Page 33
PRODUCTPREVIEWS Diagnostic Tablet Introduced Launch Tech USA has released its latest scan tool, the X431 Launch Pad. With its large 9.7” IPS color touch screen and Windows 7, multiple applications can be utilized simultaneously and at blazing speeds. Performance is further optimized with an automatic vehicle ID and module search feature, greatly reducing the technician’s guesswork and diagnostic time. The Launch Pad’s efficiency is further enhanced with a 30-day free trial of Identifix Direct-Hit. Utilizing symptom or DTC information, Identifix Direct-Hit displays experienced-based, confirmed known fixes right on the spot. Optional modules for a lab scope, sensor simulator, battery tester and J2534 pass-thru device can be added. LAUNCH Tech USA Circle #72 for more information
Two Kits in One Convenient Package Blair Equipment Co., Inc. introduces a new Rotabroach Sheet Metal Hole Cutter Combo Kit. The new kit (P/N 11320) combines two of the most popular kits, the small diameter kit (P/N 11090) and the large diameter kit (P/N 11091), into one convenient package. Included in the set are 13 sizes of Rotabroach cutters from 5/16” to 1-1/2”. Rotabroach sheet metal cutters can drill holes in materials up to 1/4” or 1/2” thick depending on diameter. The kit includes two arbor assemblies, extra pilots, center punch and washers. Rotabroach Cutters can be used in most hand-held electric drills and in drill presses. Blair Equipment Company Circle #73 for more information
New 12V Five-In-One Combo Tool Kit ACDelco-licensed tools has introduced a Li-ion 12V five-in-one combo kit (ARZ12CSP2) designed to address technicians’ multiple needs in a single package. The kit includes: 12V 3/8” impact wrench that delivers 127 ft.-lbs. of reverse torque and 81 ft.-lbs. of tightening torque (ARI1258-3); 12V 3/8” two-speed drill with 300 ft.-lbs. of torque and more than 20 torque settings and drill mode (ARD1296); 12V 3/8” ratchet wrench with 86 ft.-lbs. of reverse torque, 57 ft.-lbs. of tightening torque and an angled head for use in narrow spaces (ARW1201T); 12V LED light bar that provides up to eight hours of continuous working time (ARL1227); and 1/2” digital torque adapter that operates in clockwise and counterclockwise directions (ARM602-4). The kit also comes with two 12V Li-ion batteries, a quick charger and canvas bag. Visit www.acdelco-tools.com. ACDelco Tools Circle #75 for more information Circle #33 for Reader Service
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PRODUCTPREVIEWS Universal Tow Eye with Safety Strap Towers and body shop and repair shop technicians need to safely load disabled vehicles on roll back wreckers and frame racks without causing damage. Vehicle manufacturers design specific tow eyes for each model car to pull the vehicle down the assembly line. However, each has different diameters and either right- or left-handed threaded ends. Steck Manufacturing’s I-Bolt (P/N 71490) is a 2” x 1-1/2” loop connected to a 7” long steel shaft with unique gripping teeth that lock into the threaded holes on the front or rear of the vehicle. The I-Bolt’s unique design provides a universal hook-up solution for 200+ vehicles. The I-Bolt has been certified to pull up to 1,500 lbs. Steck Manufacturing Company Circle #76 for more information
New Compressor Reduces Energy Consumption by up to 50% The new GA 7-15 VSD+ range of compact, oil-injected rotary screw compressors can reduce energy consumption by up to 50%. The new range, including a full-feature version with an integrated dryer, is 15% more efficient than the previous generation, offers a 12% improvement in free air delivery and is extremely quiet (down to 62 dBA). The motor and drivetrain share a single drive shaft and are vertically aligned, reducing the total footprint by up to 55%. The range incorporates patented features and represents one of the most innovative changes to compressor technology since Atlas Copco released its variable speed drive compressor in 1994. Atlas Copco Circle #77 for more information
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36 Classifieds_ ad index_July 7/31/13 11:59 AM Page 36
AD INDEX Advertiser Name . . . . . . . . . .Page Number Alert Stamping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Atlas Copco Compressors LLC. . . . .30, Cover 4 Autel.us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
BendPak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9, 10, 27, 28, 35 Campbell Hausfeld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Chicago Pneumatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Coastal Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cover 2, 33 Dill Air Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Durofix Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Electronic Specialties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
New Spray Grease Keeps Components Running Clean AMSOIL Inc. introduces AMSOIL Spray Grease, designed to effectively reduce friction and wear while keeping components running clean and trouble-free for outstanding performance and long life. Its quick, convenient spray enables users to grease hard-toreach spaces while reducing the amount of mess. AMSOIL Spray Grease may be used on hinges, latches, overhead door tracks, nuts/bolts, and any other pivot point or external moving part. It adheres to metal surfaces for long-lasting performance, protects against wear and corrosion, all while lubricating moving parts for smooth and squeak-free operation. AMSOIL Inc. Circle #74 for more information
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Florida-Pneumatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Homak Manufacturing Company Inc. . . .Cover 3 Hunter Engineering Co . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Induction Innovations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Innova Electronics Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Kaeser Compressors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Launch Tech USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Pacific Automotive Industries . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Plyworx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Precision Instruments, Inc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 SK Hand Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Solv-Tec Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1, 32 Zendex Tool Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
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