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Paris DSA Fall 2012 Director: Alessandra Cianchetta / with : Marc Armengaud, Matthias Armengaud AWP

UNDERGROUND/UNDERCOVER/UNVEILED AN URBAN CLIMATE FOR PARIS CBD David Azrieli School of Architecture & Urbanism, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ca Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris-Malaquais, Fr


From Seine to SeineŠgoogle-earth


CONTENT

# 1 - OVERVIEW Studio and Seminar presentation Brief site presentation Lectures & Guests Symposium

# 2 - BIBLIOGRAPHY Selected Bibliography

# 3 - CONTACTS Instructors’ details

# 4 - ASSIGNMENTS Detailed list of assignments

# 5 - CALENDAR Annexe


OVERVIEW

The Studio addresses the multiple layers composing the urban complex of cotemporary cities : urban structures, public spaces, mobility, urban nature, landmarks, times and uses. We will work on a specific site (Paris CBD - La Défense) putting it into perspective with Paris greater metropolitan area and with similar contexts in other global cities worldwide. Students are invited to formulate a bold, interdisciplinary proposal stemming from the identification of a series of narrative urban figures they will have defined and to deliver a radical and innovative design vision. The project will be developed through a series of assignments and the development of a design proposal for a sector of the area. Classes will incorporate presentations, lectures, site visits, study trips and a workshop. Evaluation is based on desk-critics, pin-ups and presentations, deliverables and mid-term plus final term reviews including invited critics. The detailed content, calendar and deliverables for each assignment will be made available at the beginning of the studio. Each student will develop a large-scale urban, architectural and public space project located at a pivotal site in la Défense focusing on the multi-layered nature of the site and engaging a reflexion on the re-use of the underground spaces located underneath the Dalle. The aim is to engage with design, delivering a radical and visionary urban proposal through detailed design. The project will be considered with relation to their immediate surrounding context (Central Paris, Neuilly, Nanterre, Courbevoie, Puteaux…) and with relation to metropolitan-scale strategies (the historical axis, de la Seine à la Seine, Grand Paris, corridor La Défense-Charles De Gaulle-Orly). We will also take into account a broader meta-territorial scale, which will relate to trans-national territories (London, New York, Hong Kong, Dubai, Frankfurt, Singapore, Mumbai and Beijing’s CBDs). During an initial phase (P01) students will analyze the potential of the project site at a larger urban scale and the allocated program to develop a diagrammatic approach. During a second phase (P02) an option will be chosen and developed into a detailed project (1/1000 to 1/100 ; 1/50). The third phase and fourth phases (P03 P04) will allow students to develop and refine their design into a final presentation, generating the appropriate visual supports for its communication. In parallel, students are asked to take an analytical step to develop critical postures and detailed strategic statements. The starting points will be a series of emblematic layers,of which the first one, INVISIBLE/UNDERGOUND will be the key theme. 1. THE INVISIBLE /UNDERGROUND/ the site’s layered complex a three-dimensional infrastructure / intersections, continuities, disruptions 2. PUBLIC SPACES & MOBILITIES /focal points/magnets /re-public space/flows/ 3. SUSTAINABILITY /DESIRABILITY /how green and/or socially sustainable can you be? 4. TIME/EVOLUTION 24h city / climate city/climax city 5. 2.0 CITY / leisure city, robot city, white collar city vs. shared playground 6. HYPERNATURE / URBAN FOREST /nature invasion 7. ART / (what is) Public Art ? 8. SCENES /events, hubs, corporate Wonder landmarks, food & the city, body & the city MORE....


DESIGN THEME We will develop a complex mixed-use development located in the grand axe and including at least a perforation/re-shape of the existing dalle, a mobility & logistic hub, a cultural equipment, retail units and offices along with public spaces and temporary hubs. WRITING Each student will also highlight a specific theme of her/his choice to develop an essay that describes critical urban figures and that proposes parallels with existing theoretical works. Analytical tools will be used to deliver innovative and radical visions for the future of this area as an exemplary case study, resonant with other contemporary urban developments worldwide. The aim of the assignment is not the production of a project or a design nor of strategic guidelines but the formulation of a bold and innovative statement stemming from the identification and formulation of a series of narrative ÂŤ urban figures Âť that the student has defined. A series of conversations (at least one interview) conducted with relevant and renowned personalities (architects, urban planners, photographers, activists, film directors, economists, thinkers, artists etc. based in France or elsewhere) will be included. Students will select the interviewee in accordance with the specific point they are researching. Essays may contain fragments of disparate materials about the contemporary cities. Intersecting different disciplines should also be considered.


THE SITE In July 1951, The French state purchased the territory of what is now La Défense, to the northwest of Paris, for the purpose of establishing a new business district. La Défense is part of an geographic axis that connects the Louvre with the Arc de Triomphe and the Grande Arche. An area of 160 hectares:

3 075 000 m² of offices 600 000 m² of housing 230 000 m² of retail spaces 2 500 companies 1 500 headquarters, of which 15 are among the world’s 50 leading companies. 22 000 inhabitants 450 000 persons in transit daily to work and live.

The first major construction project was the iconic and structurally challenging CNIT Building in 1958. The architects Robert Camelot, Jean de Mailly and Bernard Zehrfuss are considered the founding fathers, in a sense, of La Défense. Their most notable project is the CNIT, which contributed greatly to the development of an architectural identity for the neighborhood The founding of the Etablissement public d’aménagement de la Défense (EPAD, now EPADESA http://www.ladefense-seine-arche.fr) in September 1958 is notable for how it drastically transformed the relationship between architects, engineers and administrators in France. Politicians, such as Eugène Claudius-Petit (Minister of Reconstruction and Urbanism, 1948-1953) and Jean Millier (head of the EPAD, 1969-1977), played a pivotal role, at times more important than the architects themselves, in the construction of La Défense. The approach to urbanism seen at La Défense is characteristic of modernism. Pedestrian and vehicular traffic is separated alongside vertical construction that allows for open space. The ideas incarnated at La Défense—territorial modernization, institutional concentration and the growth of a business district that Paris could no longer support—are very representative of the optimistic postwar period in France. La Défense follows a similar zoning logic seen elsewhere in French urbanism (the ChampsElysées is one such example): office buildings line the important peripheral boulevards, while residences are organized around the Esplanade in four distinct zones. An official master plan was approved in December 1964, though future developments, like the oil crisis in 1973, would later encourage unforeseen changes to that plan, like the emergence of an urbanisme du dalle (an approach structured around the separation of pedestrian and vehicular traffic, with the traffic uniquely underground). An RER underground station on Line A was inaugurated in February 1970 to connect la Défense to Paris’ Metropolitan area. The metro station, La Défense : Grande Arche, opened on April 1, 1992 and serves as the current terminus of Line 1.


In 1972, the EPAD ordered a sculpture, L’Oiseau mécanique, from the artist Philolaos. It is notable for marking the beginning of EPAD’s ambitious programs of art patronage. Beginning in the 1970s, the pedestrian walkway became more common, marking both the development of an urbansime du dalle and the extension of the neighborhood beyond the circular boulevard. President François Mitterrand inaugurated the Grande Arche de La Défense, designed by Danish architect Johann Otto von Spreckelsen, on July 14, 1989.

Tower architecture at La Défense can generally be divided into five generations: •A relatively compact layout along a predetermined matrix characterizes the first generation (1966-1972). •The second generation (1972-1975) is known for taller towers that also adapt more complex layouts than those of the first generation. •Demands for better lighting and increased energy efficiency, along with a general questioning of the urbanism of previous generations, led to the third generation (1975-1989), where horizontality, not verticality, is emphasized. •The fourth generation (circa 1990-2005) saw new designs that allowed for more flexible usage and more productive bureaucratic space. •A return to vertical height, along with demands for environmentally-friendly architecture, marks the fifth generation (2005-today). Sources http://www.ladefense-seine-arche.fr Simon Texier, Les Architectes de la Défense (Carré: Paris, 2011)

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE SITE : PLANS & ARCHIVES http://www.ladefense-seine-arche.fr/ - PLANS ( 2D 3D) WILL BE AVAILABLE via the dropbox platform www.dropbox.com username: parisdsa@awp.fr password: welcome - LA DEFENSE/DEFACTO ARCHIVES are open to researchers and students upon RDV contact : Johan Huyanh-Tan cellule infothèque T 01 46 93 99 22 www.ladense.fr Email : jhuynh@defacto.fr


SEMINARS : UNDERGROUND/UNDERCOVER/UNVEILED

UNDERCOVER STARTS ABOUT STRATAS AND STRASS UNDER LA DÉFENSE In parallel with the design studio, seminars will investigate the potential of the late 60’s and 70’s underground architecture and urbanity, as a laboratory for renewed relationships to the constructed surface of modern cities and more broadly the notions of underground/undercover/unveiled both physically and metaphorically.

A series of presentations and debates with leading international architects, curators, researchers and critics will include a wide range of themes dealing with the notions of underground and invisible as juxtaposed to iconic and «easy to grasp» (eg invisible forces shaping global cities with case studies in New York, Paris and London; architectural camouflage; subtle substances in architecture; undercover cultural policies ....)

Paris has been since the turn of the XIXth century a city with buried networks, underground urbanity and multiple undercover climates. This urban history of artificial grounds and cultures culminates with the second modernity’s slab urbanism, although this later episode seems to have lost most of the depth’s mythology in favour of transparency and high-rises, leaving the undergrounds as a technical hold. The capital’s most important urban competition of the 2000’s tried to redefine Les Halles complex, of which 90% is underground : speedways, train stations, malls, logisitic hubs, etc… Our case study is La Défense CBD (Europe’s first), which is now under an agenda of change, with very contrasted understandings of what this massive object could become. Although the studio will also look into technical issues such as megastructures and infrastructures, sustainable networks or logistics, the aim is to question in a metaphoric and transgressive way what these strictly functional thicknesses can do for the city if played differently. Exploring, researching and analyzing La Défense, will enable the students to suggest scenarios implementing « undercover micro-climats ». Such as : façades below the slab level and icebergs pointing out, parking lots turned into furry wilderness and micro farming, suspended water gardens and interactive sound labyrinths, troglodyte discoes by the pool and eventually virtual Love Hotels... Confronting documentary and fiction, students will be asked to take positions within the metropolitan scenario of a «Grand Paris », by infiltrating its main business and administration center, with public space, architecture or landscape strategies, actions and designs.


LECTURES & GUESTS (this list is not exhaustive)

- La Défense 1950 - 2012. Site history and overview of ongoing developments. (series of several presentations). Alessandra Cianchetta/AWP, Lecturer Columbia University; - Infra-psychology for a meta-urbanism (depths, thickness, pivots and slices). Looking at the history of Paris undergrounds since 1789, reading the potential of what lays under the city’s ground. Marc Armengaud/AWP, Marc Armengaud/AWP, Associate Professor ENSA Paris-Malaquais -Icebergs as Architecture (The Défense slab, OMA/ Les Halles , underground Ircam). Matthias Armengaud/AWP, Architect & Urban Planner; -From overground to underground (dioramas, peep-shows, georamas... towards the postpunk age). How the popular curiosity for the world in the XIXth century became a pop culture of rejecting the world in the late XXth century. ������������������������������ Marc Armengaud/AWP, Associate Professor ENSA Paris-Malaquais; -Stealth Gentrification : Camouflage and Commerce on New York›s Lower East Side, Lara Belkind, Lecturer Columbia University - PHD Candidate, Harvard GSD; - City of lights? When underground went above surface. Since the late XVIII the century, Paris has been a laboratory for a radically new dimension of modern cities : night time. ����� Marc Armengaud/AWP, Associate Professor ENSA Paris-Malaquais; - A reading of the city of Paris as a Palimpsest. How the traces left behind from the past give us clues to the history of the city (2 1/2-3 hours promenade). Mary Vaughan Johnson, PHD Candidate Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Lecturer Columbia University; - Through or Under, Within or Without. Towards a Subterranean Paris. How the surface of Paris was debated in the 1920›s by Le Corbusier, Marcel Poëte and others. Steven Melemis, Architect, Associate Professor ENSA ��������������������� Paris-Malaquais;


LECTURES & GUESTS

- Le sous sol rayonnant : fossile infrastructures. Matthias Armengaud/AWP, Architect & Urban Planner; -Invisible Grand Paris : how politics shape future cities. Panos Mantzarias, Architect & Planner, Director of Architectural and Urban Research for the French Ministry of Culture; - The True Fake : appearance and substance in architecture. Rowan Moore, Writer & Architecture Critic, The Observer; - Red Cavalry: Creation and Power in Soviet Russia 1917-1945. Rosa Ferre, Writer, Chief Curator CCCB, Barcelona & director of Cultural affairs; - Deuxiéme Modernité en Ile de France: Architecture Publique de La Défense à Créteil, dalles et espaces interstitiels. Matthias Armengaud/AWP, Architect & Urban Planner; - Undercover. Alessandra Cianchetta/AWP, Lecturer Columbia University; - Sub-urbanism - Sur-urbanism. Sébastien Marot , Writer and Professor, Ecole d›Architecture de la Ville & des Territoires, Marne-la-Vallée et ETH Zürich (TBC); - Squats : Geneva case study. Luca Pattaroni, PhD in sociology, research faculty at the Urban Sociology Laboratory (LaSUR) of the Federal Polytechnical School of Lausanne EPFL (TBC).


GDNYU SYMPOSIUM

WHAT New York University Gallatin Institute Symposium WHERE NYU Acadamic Centre, 6 Bedford Square, London WHEN October 19th 2012, 8.30 am to 5 pm Elsewhere Envisioned GDNYU Symposium is a five-city exhibition/ speaker series bringing together leading architects, designers, urbanists, historians, and scientists. The GLOBAL Design NYU lecture series is designed to showcase innovative practices as they relate to visionary architecture, urbanism and ecological planning. The exhibitions and lecture series exist to educate students, participants, and the general public. Participants : Aberrant ACME AWP BIG Biothing BLOOM Code Creus e Carrasco David Kohn Doxiadis + Eriksen + Skajaa Fantastic Norway Haugen/Zohar HHF Jurgen Mayer LAVA Magnus Larsson MMW Nina Edwards Anker OSA Rachel Armstrong New Territories Raumlabor Berlin Serie SLA Snohetta Specht Harpman StudioWeave Terreform ONE Topotek1. MORE INFORMATION http: //gdnyu.com/


Parvis de l’Arche, 2012©A. Cianchetta


BIBLIOGRAPHY Al Manakh (1, 2), special Issue of Volume 12 and 23, edited by Todd Reisz (editoriel team AMO, Archis, C- Lab, NAI, Pink Tank) Delirious New York : a retroactive manifesto for Manhattan, Rem Koolhaas, Monacelli Press, 1978 (1994) Documenta 13 : Catalogue 1/3, the Book of Books, 2012

«Espaces (invisibles) publics», In Voies Publiques, catalogue of the exhibition, Marc Armengaud, Pavillon de l’Arsenal/ Picard éditions, 2006 Evil Paradises - Dreamworlds of Neoliberalism, Mike Davis, edited with Daniel Bertrand Monk, 2007 La ville 24h sur 24, Luc Gwazdinski, Editions de l’Aube, 2007

Le grand jeu à venir, textes situationistes sur la ville, Libero Andreotti, Editions de la Villette, 2007 Learning from Las Vegas, Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, Steven Izenour, Pierre Mardaga, 1972 Les Architectes de la Défense, Simon Texler, Editions Carré, 2011

«Morelli, Freud, and Sherlock Holmes : Clues and Scientific Method» in Umberto Eco ; Thomas Sebeok, The Sign of Three : Dupin, Holmes, Peirce, Bloomington, IN : History Workshop, Ginzburg Carlo, Indiana University Press, 1984 «Night time mobility», In Nat Chard, Marc Armengaud, Springer Wien- New York, 2006

Nightscapes, Marc Armengaud, Matthias Armengaud, Alessandra Cianchetta, Gustavo Gili, 2009 On the Concept of History, Walter Benjamin

Other cities, Other Worlds - urban Imaginaries in a globalizing age, edited by Andreas Huyssen Duke University Press, 2008 The Art of the Ridiculous Sublime : On David Lynch’s lost Highway, Slavoj Zizek, 2000

The Global City - New York, London, Tokyo, Saskia Sassen, Princeton University Press, 2001

The Secret Agent, Joseph Conrad, 1907

Urban sensations, Mirko Zardini,CCA / Lars Müller, 2005

Why We Build, Rowan Moore, Picador, 2012


©EPADESA


CONTACT Instructors : alessandra-cianchetta@awp.fr +33 613 310032 ALESSANDRA CIANCHETTA Alessandra is a partner at AWP (Paris) , AWP-HHF (Basel) and the director at AWP uk (London). Her portfolio of award-winning designs ranges from major large scale public projects to temporary installations mostly focusing on public realm and cultural equipments. Among her latest ongoing projects are the masterplan for the development of all urban spaces in the La Défense CBD, Paris and the design of a 800 m long iconic public space and follies project in Paris. Other recent projects include The Lantern pavilion in Sandnes, No, nominated for the Mies van der Rohe Award in 2009, the sculpture park for the LAM, Museum of Modern, Contemporary and Outsider Art of Lille Métropole, Fr, the public realm redesign of Capodichino airport, the Ferro-Gomma Hub multimodal park, both in Naples, It (with Rogers Stirk Harbour & partners) and a public square for the high speed station in Florence (with Foster & partners). She has also curated and designed exhibitions for major cultural institutions (such as the GAMC, City of Architecture and Heritage and Pavillon de l’Arsenal, Paris, Fondazione Adriano Olivetti, Rome, COAC and CCCB, Barcelona, among others) written books and essays (Park Guell, Gustavo Gili, 2002, Alvaro Siza_: Private Houses 1954_–_2004, Skira 2004 and Nightscapes, nocturnal landscapes, Gustavo Gili, 2009) and lectured and exhibited her work at many architectural venues worldwide. Visiting Professor at the Master «Extraordinary Landscapes», Naba, Milan, and at Azrieli School of Architecture and Urbanism, Carleton University, Ottawa, and at Columbia University (NY/P program), Alessandra is also a member of the Newham design review panel in London since 2007. Awarded with the French Ministry of Culture Prize for Best Young Architects in 2006 and with the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainability, Transport and Housing PJU urban planning award 2010, she graduated from the “La Sapienza” Rome, Etsa Madrid and Etsa Barcelona, she later attended advanced studies on criticism and landscape theory at UPC, Barcelona and Ehess, Paris and worked with Enric Miralles, José Antonio Martinez Lapeña - Elias Torres in Barcelona and with Franco Zagari in Rome, before founding AWP in Paris in 2003.

Matthias armengaud Founding tectural, place at NAJA in

member and director of AWP, Matthias is in charge of the practice’s archilandscape and urban projects both in France and internationally. He won first the FJA 2000; the French Academy in 2001; the French Ministry of Culture prize 2006, and the French Ministry of Ecology PJU urban planning award in 2010.

MARC armengaud Founding member of AWP, Marc is responsible for the research and experimental projects at the office, being in charge of curatorial work for exhibitions, publications, lectures and strategic studies. Marc is the author of several books and essays. In addition he is often invited to lecture and teach at architecture universities worldwide. Awarded the French Ministry of Ecology in 2010.

Parvis de l’Arche, 2012©A. Cianchetta


Underground Défense©AWP, 2012


ASSIGMENTS # 1 -ASSIGNMENT / A1 Revealing a site / research + action

# 2 -ASSIGNMENT / A2 Revealing a site / research

# 3 - ASSIGNMENT / A3 Capturing & documenting the site

# 4 - ASSIGNMENT / A4 Critical Urban Figures

# 5 -ASSIGNMENT / A5 The Book The Show The Blog

# 6,7,8- PROJECT DEVELOPMENT/ P01 P02 P03 Project development : project outlines Project development : preliminary project Project development : detailed project

#9P04 PROJECT PRESENTATION/ Project final presentation


REVEALING A SITE RESEARCH + ACTION

# 1 - ASSIGNMENT / A1 After a general presentation and a collective overview of the site, each student (individually or in a group) will conduct a “choreographed tour” across the site. On the site, students will elaborate a first strategic position for a project proposal for La Défense, thinking of it as a multi-layered « urban complex ». This will start with a 2 hours trip across the site. The focus will be on the notion of underground, invisible and under-used spaces, articulated through public spaces, mobility, skyline, infrastructures, landmarks, existing urban typologies and the relationships between these elements. We will aim to identify potential in terms of innovative typologies to transform the perception of the whole area and to re-use the underground layers underneath the Dalle (with particular reference to the central axis). Inspiration may be taken from Walter Benjamin’s notebooks for Passagenarbeit (Paris Arcades) and the pictograms, «visual signals» he uses to arrange a vast amount of thoughts and excerpts about the city.

OUTPUT

A notebook (with text, notes, sketches, diagrammes, images...) inspired in d(13) notebooks; A series of diagrammatic axonometrics highlighting the relationships between underground and overground spaces around the central axis as it is today and as it could be transformed; A written statement in the form of a competition brief suggesting potential new uses with mixed-use equipments and micro-interventions;

DATES See annexe calendar

DELIVERABLES/FORMAT

-A moleskine or equivalent notebook (all students to use the same) -A1 PDF Board Diagrammatic axonometrics B/W of existing site and its «emerging objects» - A4 written statement : 1 page max, font Helvetica 9 - A brief (5min) PPT presentation of the above materials

Top to bottom : notebook©Susan Hiller, notebooks©(d)13, underground map©AWP, Notebooks ©Walter Benjamin


REVEALING A SITE RESEARCH

# 2 - ASSIGNMENT / A2 Each student is asked to research and analyse a different global city (and its CBD) in relation with Paris/La Défense. The focus should be in researching and highlighting innovative typologies, solutions and mixed use developments and buildings (cultural, offices, retail, equipment, (residential), mobility-hub, permanent/temporary...)

OUTPUT

A comparative benchmark of innovative typologies found elsewhere in a series of global cities and/or CBDs produce reference images and diagrams/conceptual pictograms; Diagrammes should include at least : i. built enviroment (= built vs. void/ buildings vs. public space), II. urban grid/fabric, III. building typologies, IV. mobility typologies;

DATES See annexe calendar

DELIVERABLES

-A1 PDF board/s of comparative site analysis (Défense + other city such as London, New York, Moscow, Singapore, Sao Paulo etc.) in the form of diagrammes overlapping La Défense and the chosen city. (see picture for reference) - A1 PDF board with at least 5 exemples of «best practice» from elsewhere and innovative typologies : 3 to 5 images for each exemple (black & white, images size : 8 cm x 8 cm) - Brief PPT/slide -show of the above (10 min.)

Top to bottom : Beijing, Hong Kong, Dubai, Singapore, aerial views©google earth, global cities diagrammes©AWP


CAPTURING & DOCUMENTING THE SITE

# 3 - ASSIGNMENT / A3 Each student will start a trip across the site, covering most of the entire area. The student will produce photographic and video documentation, taking shots systematically every 20 meters (65 feet) along the grand axe. Next will be the shooting of the project area every hour over 16 hours (from 8 am until 12 am) from a fixed point to record activities and atmospheres at different times. Such documentation should not be a neutral recording but a perceptive one, framed through the specific angle of UNDERGROUND/OVERGROUND (« millefeuille » (layered complex) a three-dimensional infrastructure / intersections, continuities, disruptions). A « classic » storyboard in the forms of diagrams may be produced in advance. Such material will be further combined with existing footage or documentary images found in local archives (such as the Defacto archives) . The choice of the frame, as well as the choice and combination or reassembly of the existing documentation will express a unique critical view. Footage or images found elsewhere (notably but not uniquely for comparisons with trans-national case studies or examples) may also be used and overlapped.

OUTPUT

visual storyboard, video (3min. approx.) and photo documentation

DATES

See annexe calendar

DELIVERABLES

A visual storyboard (format A1 - PFD) Video (3min approx) + Photographic documentation (Diaporama)

Cairo, garbage city, detail©Bas Princen


* 1. THE INVISIBLE /UNDERGROUND/ the site’s layered complex a three-dimensional infrastructure / intersections, continuities, disruptions 2. PUBLIC SPACES & MOBILITIES /focal points/magnets /re-public space/flows/ 3. SUSTAINABILITY /DESIRABILITY /how green and/or socially sustainable can you be? 4. TIME/EVOLUTION 24h city / climate city/climax city 5. 2.0 CITY / leisure city, robot city, white collar city vs. shared playground 6. HYPERNATURE / URBAN FOREST /nature invasion 7. ART / (what is) Public Art ? 8. SCENES /events, hubs, corporate Wonder landmarks, food & the city, body & the city MORE....


CRITICAL URBAN FIGURES

# 4 - ASSIGNMENT / A4 Students are asked here to develop critical postures and detailed strategic statements. The starting point will be the core theme : Underground/Invisible and its relationship with all other emblematic layers*. Each student will produce an essay describing « critical urban figures » and proposing parallels with existing theoretical works. Students should deliver innovative and radical visions for the future of this area as an exemplary case study, resonant with other contemporary urban developments worldwide. The aim of the assignment is not the production of a project or a design nor of strategic guidelines but the formulation of a bold and innovative statement stemming from the identification and formulation of a series of narrative « urban figures » that the student has previously defined. A series of conversations - at least one interview- conducted with relevant and renowned personalities (architects, urban planners, photographers, activists, film directors, economists, thinkers, artists etc. based in France or elsewhere) will be included. Such interviews will support and challenge the essay. A selection of questions will be presented in advance and discussed in class. Video interviews, Skype conversations or audio podcasts should be considered as additional material. Essays may contain fragments of disparate materials about the contemporary cities. Intersecting different disciplines should also be considered. They should be visionary and daring.

OUTPUT

a written theoretical essay complete of an original iconography (at least a series of 20 diagrammes & images B&W, cm x 8 cm)

DATES See annexe calendar

DELIVERABLES

A 4000 words essay 20 diagrammes and images

Delirious New York©Rem Koolhaas


THE BOOK, THE SHOW, THE BLOG

# 5 - ASSIGNMENT / A5 For this assignment the students, as a group, will write the synopsis for an exhibit and related book/film/fanzine/blog as if curators for, say, the Venice Biennale or the Shenzen Biennale. The content of the show will articulate the points seen above (A1 to A4 ) and put them into the perspective of architecture and cities resonant with parallel issues, experiences and disciplines to further broaden the subject.

OUTPUT a detailed illustrated synopsis/outline for a show and its support (catalogue and/or blog)

DATES See annexe calendar - all along the semester

DELIVERABLES a blog

Underground DÊfense, photo A. CianchettaŠ2011


DESIGN PROPOSAL DEVELOPMENT

# 6-7-8- ASSIGNMENTS / P01 P02 P03 Working in parallel with A1 to A5 students will develop a design for a complex mixed-use development located in/under the grand axe and including at least a perforation/re-shape of the existing dalle, a mobility & logistic hub, a cultural equipment, retail units and offices along with public spaces and temporary hubs.

OUTPUT

Urban and public realm project in complex environment A1 boards and A3 booklet

DELIVERABLES P01

- Concept development : idea / project title / 3 lines manifesto - Axonometrics of existing site / Spatialisation of final program/scope - Concept diagrammes and or references Format: 1 A1 board and a 20 min. slide-show presentation

DATES See annexe calendar

P02

-Plan development 1/500 of all relevant levels - Sections and Elevations 1/500 -Axonometrics and 3d views -Study models Format : 4 A1 boards, plus A3 booklet and a 20 min. slide-show presentation

DATES See annexe calendar

P03

The third phase (P03) will allow students to develop and refine their design into a final presentation, generating the appropriate visual supports for its communication. Scale of plans, sections, elevations 1/200. Details 1/50 - 30. Format : 4 A1 boards, plus A3 booklet and a 20 min. slide-show presentation

DATES See annexe calendar “Soft-Core La Défense”©AWP, 2012


DESIGN PROPOSAL FINAL PRESENTATION

# 9 - ASSIGNMENT / P04 P04 Final deliverables will include :

Conceptual diagrams (plan & section); 1/2000 to 1/500 general urban plan, detailed public space plan (zooms) 1/200 to 1/50 - hardscape plan, softscape plan, architectural plans of all levels and all buildings (including follies, kiosks, small buildings if relevant), mobilities-logistics plan, uses and timelines plans and diagrams; Sections and Elevations 1/500 to 1/50 Details as relevant Site Axonometrics - existing / project 3d views and diagrammatic renders (using axonometrics base) References / best practice A «manifesto» A detailed project text with images FORMAT a complete A3 booklet for the jury Slide-show presentation (20 min) 4 to 6 A1 boards on rigid support Model

DATES See annexe calendar

Grand Axe reconfiguration©AWP, 2012


David Azrieli School of Architecture & Urbanism, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ca Ecole Nationale SupÊrieure d’Architecture de Paris-Malaquais, Fr AWP office for territorial reconfiguration, Paris

Paris DSA Fall 2012


Paris Studio - Azrieli School of Architecture and Urbanism