Page 1

A DICTIONARY OF

RELIGIOUS TERMS

English - Arabic

Dr. Abdullah Abu-Eshy AI-Maliki

Dr. Abdul-Latif Sheikh-Ibrahim

Department ofEnglish & Translation

Faculty ofArabic & Social Sciences

Islamic University ofImam ~Muhammad Ibn Saud

Southern Branch at Abila

1997 I 1418


Foreword ................................................................................

v

English-Arabic Part of Dictionary.........................................

1

Arabic-English Part of Dictionary.........................................

'

Selected References...............................................................

163

Appendix 1 : Formulas, Expressions & Prophetic Sayings ...

' '\""

Appendix 2 : Religious Terms Explained ...............................

'v""

Appendix 3 : Allah's Names ....................................................

'o.'

~

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . •. . •• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • 4...aii...J\

······················· ~~}- '-Ffo: ~\(.)A J}il s:-.,?.JI I

163

...................... '-Ffo- ~~} : ~\(.)A ~1ill s:-.,?.JI

····················································· ~~~\

4

\ 'H'

.......................... O.J~~ Jl~iJ ~l).~c

\ ~..> ~~

\ V'f

................ ~J.!\ ~hlh'<u.ll ~ L~

'\' ~.) ~\

\~'

............................. ~~ 4.li\ s:- ~i

~..> ~I

: 'f

Ill


In the Name of Allah,

the Compassionate, the l\1erciful

FOREWORD

Verily, all praise is due to God, Allah the Almighty. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. And we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of our own selves and from our bad deeds.

Whosoever has been guided by

Allah, none can misguide him. And whosoever has been misguided, none can guide him.

We bear witness that there is no deity but Allah, being alone,

without partner or associate. And we further bear witness that Muhammad is His bondsman and messenger.

v


A

Aaron

(r~l ~

abandon

) wJJI.A

~..AI:~

abandonment

~~~~

~of prayer

Abel aberration abhor

~:o_fo.! ~

~red

Abide

"And therein they >!'ill-for ever." (HQ- 2:82)

to~ by sth.

to - by the i1~junctions <if the Holy Qur'an abject ~poverty

ablution sand­

the lesser­ the greater- ; the major ritual~ (if the whole body

to do full~

~ l

OJfi.s.

Jl.:..:' ~ i ~ ("" : o_fo.ll) ·.u,-ll6. ~ ~-; \~

r-Ji.l:;

(':!fiJI 01).JI ~

! ~~ ~

_;.oi W ~ ~.lA ~.l.o

fo

J~ ';{I : ~ _,..QJll ~I

.,_,._;o)l J..,.ill


to invalidate ­

.,_,...;:.)1~

to perform (ritual) ­

L::._,:y

abode

"And that is the worst-. "(HQ- 2: 126)

JJlo : .:,~.S.. : .,J-i.t ( ' 'l"'l :

.:.11) •.. -.It ~

the A - ofBliss

~"411 ).l\1

to have an- in Paradise

.4..i:.Jt ·<F·

to make/ have one's- in Fire

Lts.. i.w.l­

) ..ill 0-o o.l1i.

abominable abortion

.F.-J! ~¥

.l:.IL.J

Abraham

!

&IY.J rW...

H

-d

(_,...;...

absolution

~:,.\~\

absolve

~! ,.r.SJ::

to be -dfrom Ihram

I"I Y" ~I 0-o

~

II ,.,......., ~. ¥ ...

i

Jh:i:

..:w... ! ........

\

.......

y~

~! .,j91.).!

"'-'ill~

!

J~

"He who does good ofhis own-" (HQ­ (1 OA:~AJI) ".I~ c# ty.i' 2: 158)

2

-

FiY~

abusing accord n.

v'=~!

(r~l ~) ~1-->:l

the maqam (i. e place o.fworship) (?f Prophetabrogate

accompany

ik

..AA:~

abominations

abuse n.

~-'

~l).l

the eternal-

abuse v.

'

0~


~ t ~~

accord v.

_;~I

to- honour (and respect) to the neighbour account n.

<.rl..............l 4..111 ~\..::..,;

Allah will call him to-.

(L.i)l!)

to call sb. to ­

..,..........~..::...,;

JJ.J.-.o

accountable

to be -for one~5 actions

.UL...c.i .)c. ~L:..,i ~J t

accursed

6;:a.l t wJIIl.a

4..\11 ~ ~ t 4..\11 ~

to be- hy Allah

I..F"J : u~

: ~~ . i..F"..>J : u~ : r+i:

accusation

.

accuse

~

accuser

u~L..i

false acquittal act v.

to- corruptly

rfo.

(~:i.l\.:,..

Ji U=Jll ~ w) ~~ .:,..) ~\,;:) LA ~ ~i£= l.:lU ~

..P-:.

to- dishonestly to ­ on sh. 's advice actn.

to indulge in doubtful -s adherent

-s <?( ,')'wmah ~to

admonish admonition

"So that they should receive-." (HQ- 2:221)

L. ~ ~ J_...,y

J.i: ~ ..;.,4+!JI . } ti:! •.iii • : <';a.. :i..l..JI ~i -! ~: -!

rfo lL-.1:

.s..,.Sj : ~..,.s.:l:i : ~~

:~

("" \ : ~..fo.ll) "o_,fi.ii: #

3


ahatlith pl. (See hatlith.) alcoholic ~beverages

Alive, the the~,

(~1 .ull ~t..t....i &>) ~~

the Eternal

f"~\~1

Allah

~~

allegiance

a pledge of~ to give a pledge of~: to swear-; to owe- to sb. All-Embracing, the alleviate

to ­ sb. 's suffering All-Hearing, the All-Knowing, the

~~

(~1 .ull J-k...l &>) t--'-'1)1

~~~! &>~ L. ~ 0C ~fi ~-:A

(~l.ul! J-t..t....1 &>)~I (~1 .ull

;.L..u.\ &>)

allowed

r-#1

c~

allure

l.i.;i.;

!

~ l

/.$.)..:

allurement

J-1-F-!

!

~

;.l~l

allusion All-Wise, the Almighty, the

!

o~l J â&#x20AC;˘

(~I .u11 ;.t..t....i &>)

r

.:<>'1

~J j>:- .ull ! .dJ'~ ~ .ull

alms almsgiving alteration

- of the 5>cripture alternation

u~!: JJ:.4i ~=U:~ L)"..li..ll '-;JtiS.\1 ~ _;.:..:; u~l: '":'JIZ

5


the - (if the Night and the Day

_;4J,ll _, Jfol u)U:.I

.;U:'/1

altruism

( li,"11..t ~)

altruist

.; "''.

( .)li.'i1..t -· •

altruistic

.....

~)

amass

....

rY

~.JA

~: u-o.l.S;

!~i

Amen! amputate amputation amulet angel

¥1:~1

anger

-restrainer

.L.,;i.JI

to control oneself in a fit (if­

~lS

~\.lic,.A...u.ij~

animal

ul~

a beaten-

a tossed-

the - to be slaughtered

the offered-

.;41

anklet annotation

(~.WI

(u~J c~

(.)->

"::'~~ ~b

r.)

.;1,._.)

....s~t..) ~~

~

annulment

judicial- (if marriage apostasy

-from a religion apostate apostle 6

J~

c'-')'~ JIJ:i_;l ! oj_; I JJJA

..:B.ll'

we

.ll.ii _;I

(lAy Ji ~ _,\2) ~.ll .:1_;1:; : J...r.L....2 JJ---1-".;


Allah's A颅

.ull JY"'J

appeal

o.,.._;J : o.l..ZW..

-for help

~Li:i...l

appearance a good-of

appointment - ofsuccesvor

~

<}, J#- Ji

f'L.'J.I u)l;..:i...l _,.,...;) u)l;..:i...l (;;)l...:JI

approach "And do not-- them until they are cleamed "(HQ- 2:222)

appropriate to- a right

arbiter Archangel Gabriel L.At....~l ~.)

archbishop argument lo

JI~:J~

have an - 路with

J~4Y! ~b.:~

~b.;.

argumentation aright "Wei only seek to put ihings-." (HQ- 2: 11) to setArk, the armpit

~4! ~

JS..J.,.!

Jl~4!

t..U::.....4

(' 1: o.fo.JI) ".t.JpJ....a.... 0:...l L....;)" ~!f'-~ ..::.-.9---T~I

..

.h.........I

arrogant

7


"You grew-." (HQ- 2:87)

(AV: ;;_fo.ll)

'.~fo...\'

articulate

~~~

to - the intention

~4~

ascend to - to heaven

~ Lw.l\

.)1 <! y,J

ascension

J~

A- to the seven heavens

c~~~

ascent

.l~

the Way ofA-

(jla....l\

ascetic

..1....-.>\lj

to become an ­

asceticism ascribe to- no partner to Allah whoever intentionaly -s something to me falsely ashamed to feel- in the sight (if Allah

assembly in anto make mention ojsb. in an-

~~ J

• '

~ •

.ull; c!.l y!JI ~~ ~

• J..>J-J

'

I'~

..,_,.lS 0-->

~ .ul\ 0--> ~ OJ.l.ii ~~ ~~ e~~

~<}

~<}~ft~

associate v.

to - otherslanythinglgod'l ·with Allah -ling others/anything/gods 'rl'ilh Allah

associate n. astray

8

.ul4 c!.ly.!i.; .ull; c!.ly!JI

cl......t~Y-"" .6......IW!

Jt.....:=


togo­ to lead-

....

astrologer

~

astrology

~~

).ill.. t ( 6:!~ t}l) ~

asunder

to cut­

Jli:;!~

4..lll .l~.J

atheism

Jl..S..1!

~~j! ,).S: JWJ

.l:~j t 4..lll J~.jl ~ t .l.:IJ...!

atheist atheistic

~,?J~l

~~

atone

"It will- for some cifyour ill-deeds." (HQ- 2:271) Atonement, the

)ts

.~.1\) " .<~l.ll.., ( " v \ .• -Oj"'-;' '\'

~

.

..

,;('. "

.<;~

L)o",...... ~.J

l# K..JA.J ~I ~'11 (.s.;l...AZ.ll ~) ~~l:!~

~~~

attest

-to sth. attestation

-ofa witness's honourable record

L.

>"i ~ ~ l .)c. ~ ~~~~J~ .l....A. ~\

L....;S y ~

attribute n. attribute v.

to - to sh. that which he has not said aunt

t..~.)c

JA

A.!~!~

paternal­ maternalausterity

,•

.~A;U

authentic

9


an- hadith or tradition authority

a chain of-

~L-..i...J

(~

on the -ofAbu-Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him)

.ojj\

~_;) o):lJ" ..,r.i

authorized

t)C

W~JA

-religious opinion

<.>_,__:ii

avail

(,?~: ~! ~

"Then guard yourselves against a day when no one shall- anyone else."

" ;, •

.. •

"

•.

. :J'J \....

.......... ~ ()C l..)"-9.l <.j.?.-J

I --1 • Y.. .Ji-' J

(£A: >_fo.ll)

(HQ-2:-18)

J~

avert

to- one~~· eyes from

u_>l:JI

~ !t)C

);.ill J.?:l

!HI~ t)C

~~

avow

to- a sin avowed

~~y.l.;.,!

4.: :.,.~

l

6HA ! ~Jo"'ii

an -enemy await

~

the -ed Mahdi

_);.:i.WI

aware the Aware awe

to he in- ofAllah Azar

)()

<.j~\

~.,;:W

(~I iJ.ll ~t.-.i ~) ~~ ~.,;

: u~ : ~;_:·=;;.

..ull

•.

~

(~'.ll....ll ~ ~1.>-~l Jll.; ) .,;ji


B backbite backbiter backbiting backbone

-and ribs

15 jiill .1~1 ...,_.jljill_, ~I

JH

backslide bad

-word<; one who speaks - words badness ~

Bairam

Greater足 Lesser足 bangle

banishment

~~~~ ~1促 (~j

&>) ..),_,....

(~_jk.) ~fo I .l~~

~

bankrupt

~

togo足

(JM"JJ'jl

bankruptcy

~~..)

banner

under the -(if baptism baptist

(.s.JI...=.Oll ~) .l~l

! ~\

(.s.JI...=.Ol\ ~) <,.r1~! ~

II


baptize

~WI ..) J_;.\_J.A.ll ~ :(.s.;l.....=..lll ~) ~

U,.i.s..) ~li.J).; ~\ D-o o~ IJAJ ~I ?"'"I .1_;.\_J.A.ll ~ ~ ~I

barefooted

~Lh, u~

bargain n. to enter into ~

bargain to~

~ ~! 4.ii...o ~

l'.

deceitfully

?.J~

barren a~woman

w:u

~-

~~ _)--!'L.c.

;;i yo)

barter 'Those who have -ed (awa}~ guidance for error." (HQ- 2: /6) battalion

'ti.t ~~ (' 'I:;;_A.!l) "·->~4 4J)l....;JI 1_,~1 .):ill

..ill.l_,i"

bear to- sth. patiently for Allah's sake

beard -ed

beardless beast bedeck ~ed herself.

befall "Affliction and adversity befell them." (HQ- 2:21-1)

12

~ ~ J >"i ( ~~ . . r·'~o.~W) .

L..:IJ:~

(dumb) -s

She

.ull ""-;. _,l 4L..:i.:.l I _;.oi ~ ! .ull ~ ~

..::..1_,~1

W::!JZ!

[~


ljsth

s' 1 i <..), ·I •..... <.F"'• ~u...::>

~syou ....

(~':i-Ii J~l)

beget

"He ~s not, nor was He begotten . " (HQ- 112:3) beguile "They think

to~

('~":

'-"')\.;.}1)

".)]-':!

r-l3

~

..1..-.l:

r1'

E.J~! E.~

Allah" (HQ- 2:9)

(": •fo.li)

·...u1

0~!

belief

l.)y:..:.t:...,'

6\.4:)! J~l li'i'J! J~

believe ill

-firmly

~J-;!

be/in•ing men & women

.:.,G..._,_JIJ

~_rjl

believer

6---").11

"A -is not stung twice out of one and the same hole." (Pl) a- in the oneness ofAllah 0 B -s

(w.; y..!i

~.).::.)

... 0:;3 .}" Y"-'?- .yo .yo yjl

..l-...:>. JA

1

I _,;...i 0.1:.11

belittle

~

belongings

E.L-:iA ~

L.~f:li....(:;}.>.!

(~'

Beneficent, the benevolence

to do sth. in benevolent Benign, the bequeath

4:lh.:!

~ ;..JI .>-:!"i

Leader (!f the B-s

to hoist sh. \

t ~'1'

<\ll\

fow 6--) ~J'

.>-:PJI ~: 6~)'1 ~to

sh.

L.~c)l~

..):!-i.JIJ...a.l~! ~! ~

(~1 <\lll

f.

t.......i 6--)

~~

(.!..J.J.:) ~..!:

l3


bequest

to make a颅

路.,'.

bestow

~

God has -ed health and wealth

on/upon him.

to -favours upon

..

.

'. r..r-= ~ '.

~

'-:'f:!

.JWI, ~~ .ull ~ J .lll

betray

"And whenever he is entrusted, he -s." (PT) betrayal

(~ o!Ji) 'ii r !.lsJ ..:.11.::!

Beware!

-of the supplication ofthe oppressed 1 - ofdoing slh.

JJi;. I~~

~~

to be -ed and maddened by the de vii's touch Bible, the

t

J"l

. ~ _,lh.JI o_,c..) J:il

1

"- ! They do spread disorder. " (HQ- 2:12) bewitch

~ Jhl

J..!,

~\.;()

("' : ;;_fo.ll) 'Lu~l rA ~) 'Ji" yll\~~~!~ L.J~I

0--

L>"-'"! ...,.,\.....:>:!

( ~11J oiJ~I) v-.ll.JI yl:iS.ll

Biblical

~l

bid

y.......ib:

,J "Do, therfore, as you are -uen.

(HQ- 2:68)

bier

I

J-A~

II

biography

the- ofProphet Muhammad (PBUH)

14

(iA :<.fo.JI) "路uJY'Yt... 1_,1...9\.9' o]4'~

O..>->-

I

4_;


the

~

of the narrator

ljJI)I ~ji

w'~~.....u...l

bishop black art

~I

blackmail

jlj...:i.:'JI ~.,._J

blame

"There is no- on you." (HQ- 2:233)

(Hi: ;;_foll) ·.~ r4')1.!"

,. ~

blaspheme

~L-.S

blasphemer

.

'

.;-i-S

blasphemy

"You should not commit~." (HQ- 2: 102)

( \ • 'I' : 0 fo.li)

". y..--.LJ')l!'

Blazing Fire, the

uJ.-.'

bleeding

womb

~between

period\·

bless

L.......:::.l::...:i....l

(-.;.Jt-lll ~) ~~ t,.~ ~..):!I ~.)4:/

~.)~

blessed blessing

"Allah depril'es interest ofall-." (HQ- 2:276) The Prophet invoked a ~ 011 sb.

blood money bloodshed bondage

-to Allah

(.s.Jt-lll ~) o.l.iWI ~~ ~ ('I'V'\ :

o.foli)

;....w ~ t.....sy,

·.~)\

.~ ;,J4

.sJJI ~·

.:;)Ul

~~

lc..)

~.l ~ L.....Jll ~\ .J)

~.l.J:" .sJl ~.)~\

bondman

15


"And I testify that Muhammad is His­ and Messenger. " bondsman (also bondman) bondwoman Book, the

the -s

' •

the Earliest -s

.. . ,!I

..)}'1\ <....i::.......l

the -s ofMoses boon booty boundary

Allah's -ies

.....UI .lJ.i:>.

to set -ies

1.)_,.1:>.~

bounds

.l.J~

to keep within the -sfixed by Allah

.....UI.l_,.i:>.~

bountiful

"Allah is most-." (HQ- 2: 105) bounty bow •'· "And- with those rl'ho -. "(HQ- 2:-13)

Jl~ I ~fi I J~ (' • ::> ;

r._fo.ll)

·.~1

J,..A9.11

_,~

.....UI.,"

.l~l ~fi! ~ ~.):!

(ii: ;;_fo.ll) ·.~1)1

co \y.S)_,'

bow n.

e_,___s_J

bower

~~..)

bowing

He raised his head after -. branch

16

L-.:c.s_J \ e__,___s)l ·t~)'

u.o c--rJ

~~e~


-ojlman breach

-ofpromise

(J......fJUI) ~I ~ ~

~

,_;t::A:..'jl

break

to - a covenant

~4~_,i~l~ 'I u揃I _,___....,

brethren

the Muslim 足

-:;yJ......JI

J~'jl

bribe n. bribe v.

~~

bribery

~~)\

bridal

[IJJl4 ~ I .,r.IJj

-money brigand

J--f-4

1 J l U,:..;~ .I.. II .1..\l c足

I. .. 1

~

~1 Ji J:~)=.ll ~

brigandry bring

to - sb. back to life brocade ; heavy brocade brothel brotherhood

to establish a bond of足 Buddhism Buddhist Buddhistic burden

...::.._,.Jl

~.yo

(-till)

~

- I (.J~. ~.;~.UI

..::.W

~~l~;~i

~4 L....:j~l ((,?j~~) (,?j~ (,?j..H ~~

17


"On no soul does Allah place a足 greater than it can bear" (HQ- 2:286) burial

bury to - sb. alive

18


c Cain calamity to he afflicted with ­ caliph the rightly-guided C-s

cJJ.l.o.!;l )1 ~L...ib..ll ~~~: o~J

call n. -in the cause ofAllah

<\..Ill ~ .} •.J"- ..lll

J;,.':JI

the - to prayer

~Jli:!! ~~

call "· to - had names

J;~! ~! h1_);1

to - sh. to account to - to prayer callous

..)~-~

0:~~\ J~ .rl->:'1 ~I

callousness calumniate calumniator calumny to go ahout with -ies

!

~\ '-"""1.!

i_,..l : ~I ~ ~ ~_;.i:! ~

wl:+:JI ~.>": fo:

l!)lji :

uZIJ: .:,tJ: ~~

.:,~: $-l,ril: ..:l!J: ~UJ: ~ ~ ).

r>:~4~

camel

-s

one-year old he - ­

19


two-year old he - ­

0H

camphor

,J,;.iL..s

canon -soj!slam

J.J.. i.l.:'A i ..,r".:X.....'/1

~-J4S Jl ~ w~1l

captive

..>-:1"-"i OJJ~J 44.11 ~l.:.,..., ?""J ..)~'i\ .l.:lo.~ :JU:.lJS ~ 64 ~w.l

..,A ~I e+lJ ~!~!L:!~

care

~!~

carrion

u.li., . aL - -r-::

cast ''Do not- yourselves into ruin with your own hand'>." (HQ- 2: 195) to be- in Hell-fire casuistry

(' '\o:

o.fo..JI) ·.~1 -.),1 ~.i,;l; l,lL""'JJ" )L..;,ll.) ~

(ey!l' ~ .>.:~4) ,.L.:ii't'

U,J~.s

catastrophe Catholics

~'l...JJI ~~

O"iJ

without just­

44.11 e~ :4:l~'1.S.l,

w~'1.sll

Catholicism cause

~~

ty!:J' rts..:..l : ~ ~ .l<:.l_,!

canon law cardinal

0-1 1

u~

: J..»A : e1.1 : "":":~-"'

)j-+" e,,~ i ..:;.:..

J-:!i..!

cauterizing cautery cave the C- (ifHira'

.. l~).....i:.

cemetery

0.;----ii.a

certitude

i ·t..a...l 11 J..i:i......JI) ~ •.:u1 ( ~\ J o~ J '-' -· c.r.

20


chain ~of authority

(or authorities)

.)L....i....)

-of transmitters

.:~l-.i....,)

sound- of authority

~ .ll-.i....,)

chant

J~

to- for the camels

J..-.J?U .J~

chapter

~ .).J---1-1'

the Opening C-

L...:..:;WI

~!~

charge n. in~of

in

the~

oJY"'

uc. J.;~ of

-~~ ~yl

those committed to sb. 's

J\-.::..~J~!~~~W::~

charge v.

~4~~~ Before he died, the man -d his sons, saying.... charitable a-deed

.... ~li o<>ll.;l J::.-)1 ~_,I oli)l ~

'-? ~ J.=

charity to give (away) sth.

!

4_l..4.::1: in~

to slander ~ women

wl-.....:l.J

-~

0

~

chaste The Prophet orders us to he

uL.....:..J

~.

! ..)--Al..b !

~

u\.W~ ~~ liy\.; wl

;. "" oll u~

chasteness chastise chastisement

"':'.l......ll:i

"':'-:!.h:i

!

"':'u.:. '

'-;.1;/.lt;;

21


~\yli..ll

the mighty~

~ .;L...rhJI : L..wl

chastity

­

choose

~ ' L.:a.. ~·.)

~yAill~l : ..r1y4ill ~WI

Christendom circumambulation ~of the

ul_,__..hll

Ka'ba

~~

J,.,..

ul_,bjl

..:,L...:i.i. ' .)~

circumcision

circumcise

~

circumstances

UJ~

in straitened~

~

Christian

~~~~ ~~!~1y4ill

Christianity Christianization

J

Christianize

.)

r,;·m

." · ell.!

Christmas

~~J~¥-

church

4::~

claimant

The onus ofproofrests on the clapping cleanse to~

oneself after defecation

clemency clement

thee-

~.loA

~.

..s"-,l\

0-" ~ ~I

I ~.l.A!\

~ ~I ~~

~ y~'j\

(J..llt.l4 4....aU.J) L.AI.)I ~ (~1 .u!l <'t.......i 0--) ~I

clergy

~~ ~J.l\

clergyman

~~· u-J:~

22

J4-J


~

cling

sth. that -s

~

clipping

~ ·u.~l ~ - .l;~

nail~

_)--9

~~~!

cloak

U::.

cloth

below-waist ­

)j)

loin~

)j)

clot

(<-..1.1\

.J.4) ~ ! L:ik:. ~!~l~l

coercion combination ~ofprayers

·~~~ _;....-A~

command v. "C~ your

children to perform prayer.... " (PT) "Now do what you are ~ed" (HQ-2:68)

(~_y.!; ~~) •.... o~4 f>:N)

(iA : >.fo.ll) '·uJY"JiL. 1)-o.iti"

...>-----41

command n. ~sand

interdictions

commander C~

of the Faithful

commandment

the Ten

C~s

13 y."

~\_,.;.ll_, _)---41}11

~i

: ..>--41 : .l.>'U

~:,.JI~I

~J ~~~\....a_,!l

commendable commit

to ~adultery to~

a sin

23


.....J! .• 1o • ..l:.i.:...J­ . yr'<.)C

to - to memmy

~~ ~j! .!l..;l.lJ!~

common sense those who have ~

Communion

":-'4fl\

o~ ~) ISJt...:l.ll\ OA ~~

!

,J)

~J ~~

(o.l.:I.IJ ~j ..,...ji.l1J 4~1

Communism Communist

~~

Communistic

~~

community

~~

the-

~~~

commutation

Jl~!!~

-<ifpenalty

:i.:fo-11~

Companion -s ofProphet Muhammad

..r.~

.uJl

J_,...,_y ;;_,~!

the Venerable -s

:i_;k......a.ll

i'l fi.ll :i_;k......a.ll

companionship "Who is more entitled to be treated with the best - ? " company in the- of

L.p....a ' \'~\ ~ Ll"Ull J;:.-1

~l.i..t !

L.p....a

~.)!. }---"j.)

~J!UIJ

compassion "And Allah has- on (Hi$) bondmen." (HQ- 2: 207)

,y.·

('t. v : •J¥1)

·.l~l,

u_,j_; ...n1_,·

out of- for sb. to take

on sb.

Compassionate, the

24

,:;':;j.j._..lc.~

(~l .u\1 ~t........i &-) ~)I


compatibility compatible (with)

fl.:)....w":/1

~.JIU

.oJll .llc

(1.... )L..c.)

~

compile

~

..

-d books complementary -to comprehend compulsion compulsory

Jil.,:;ll

(~) ~~ Jilfo

compensation to hope for -from Allah

!

th.04

~!~ _jJ_...S...! J~

-!~! cl.)~ ~I ! .;l~'il

: ol.ft"il

~..:~-+IJ : 'iJ4+J

a-deed

~..r-i

conceal "What they- and what they reveal. " (HQ- 2: 77) conceitedness concoct a -ed chain oftransmission concubinage concubine

Jil.. ..lU....) ! .u ~'}.

..lU....)

(~I cll.. ~Jl-.31 t.C;1 ~l1J) 'i~l

.L:.;t..~!

~...>"'

condemn ~~

condolence to offer one's -s conduct injurious 足 rules of足

':? Jla:ill r~ : ':?)...:. u~:

clJl....:

U"\.lll LS~i !

" JU.

:i,ij4

.t..LJI yl..l\71

25


wrongful­

confirm "It -s the Scriptures which they already possessed" (HQ- 2:89) confound "At this the disbeliever was -ed" (HQ- 2:89) to - truth with falsehood

(A'\ : o.fo..ll) ".fo li~l

~

Jl.4!4~1 ~

confuse congregational

(~~~~~)<r~

-prayer(s)

~L....;Jl o)l.....

conjecture conjugal

([IJJl4

-rights

~) ~IJJ

~_,jJ_,h

~~\)

consanguinity conscience

~I

consciousness God-­

consecrate "And what has been -d to any name other than that ofAllah." (HQ- 2:173) consecration -clothes

to finish­

consequence

26

~~ J.lJ !

..,...s:-J

<1.!.11 I.S jt. ! I.S _,i:ill

Ui,H ! O".fi.: ! J~

(' v\"': 0.fo..ll) ••.ull

_);!i.l ~ J,\1I..._;

~1.;:-'fl

l_;::.'JI

~

(r'J=-'11 0-<-) ~ ~I


consensus

e~'t'

consent v.

~I JiiJ:!

to- to sth. consent n. by mutual­ consolation consult

l..

JA4 ~ ' l.. >"1 .)c. J!l >.! ~)\: J~l: ~I,..JI .. '··) ( l~

· I - ~ · V"'Y

ot....I.J.A : L:!~ JJ\.4!

!

JJ'4

-your heart consultation

o.;L...J.::.....I

mutual-

i.S)_,_..t

contemplate

(~) J-~

contemplation

.;.:..Gll

contempt to hold sb. in ­ content adj. content n.

!

J,Abll

*" IJJ j\ : .;L.1:i.:o.l

~)\jl· -­ ~J·~ ~! ~\.;: ~11 ~Ui! L....Q.;

content v. to be -ed with contract n. contract v. to- a debt controversial

a- issue contumacy converse

~Jii:

: U:J:4i

..:B..~.;~I~

~~

y)U. .<JL.... J~!u~!~!u~

JJI..I:i.J:

I!.~

27


Two should not -secretly to the exclusion ofa third companion. conversion

.l:!..I:Jo. ""::'.l... .Jl ~J IJ~I

!

~i

-to convert v.

.:WJ . )

~J

J;.i.J.ll

J_,_.,..:ill

J ~..~ ul! JM : 1-l:!..~:Jo. ~.l... ..,i l.i:J ~ .l:!~""::'.l...

to - sb. into Islam

i Yl..,'jf !

.l:!..I:Jo. ""::'.l... ..,i U/.1 ull J~

convert n.

new -s to Islam

conviction

..r• ~I!~ (.);"',

~.l:l. IJ~I ~~~ ta1.~'i'

i

r'J...11 _) ~.l:l. l_,l.;..:J ~~~ r'J...11..)J

: (~J' ..,i ~~

.l1l.J

6A)

~~.m1 : eUi.i':/1

~ .14"\11

Copt

the -s corporal

t.J~

-punishment

~~~_,;c.

uZJ.A : (l.:m) ..~..ooti

corrupt adj. corrupt v. corruption

to spread­ cottage cheese

U'jl

couches ; raised couches

counsel

C-me! I- you to fear Allah. court

religious­ 28

.!L'I) \e 4.r'

~ •' ...>:-.:

.

• ~-'= ' ~

~~!~)i.)c~ •;J,ll <.S _,i:i:

~ Ji


J~~

covenant to break Allah's­

~~.lf.c:.~

to fulfil the -which Allah has taken from him

to make a-

~I ~ ~tc.

!...: ~

.l..-..1\'-'-:! ~~ _,1 l.lf.c:. ~4

to make a solemn ­

d~l

-s covenant

.I....A~

.L.....~I

the -ed

J,...Ai

(ul!) ~

crave I- Allah's protection from ....

.•.• 0-- ~4 ~_,cl

create

~ J~

-d beings

Jj::L.:..

J-li.ll

creation

(~I ...UI 1-t.......i UA) JlWI

Creator, the "The Creator ofthe heavens and the earth." (HQ- 2: 117)

(1 W: b.fo.ll) ··~j')t_, wl_,.......ll!!::J.~·

creature creed creeping criterion

J~

thee-

0Li.)11

the C- ofright and wrong

Cross, the

..

01J.)11

!

Jb4ll" ~I

0.H J,....:..;.i.il

•.' .:1. all

the sign ofthe-

29


crucifiction

< :'

I

~o)\

crucify

cruel Crusader

~

Crusades, the

~ICTJ~I

cubit cult

t!.;.l ~

(t!W:t ~ ;.a~ : o~) ~J ~J Ji ~'lb ~~tl...

cupping

t.~l

curator

~J

curse n.

L.iL!

-against sb. ''May Allah's- be upon the disbelievers." (HQ- 2: 89) curse v. one who -s others

30

L.... ~ ..)c. .,1..:::...~1\

(A'\ : '0 _fo.ll) '0.tft~l ._,lc. .ull 4..W,i"


D darkness utter­

.:.~

pitch­

._,.....l.l i"')Ll; ! •.:..l....U;.

David

(t"~l ~) .l.j.jiJ

the bookoj­

.J..J -t)ll

da'wah

('*~'il v-~n ·~.u'

>--+ill

dawn -prayer

~lo)l....

day

~~

the Last D­

_;--:..'J I I".J:!ll

dead -meat

~~

the dead "Thus God brings the ­ to life. " (HQ-2:73)

~_,..11

(YT' : o.fo.ll) •.._;;_,...11

~~ ~ .illjS"

Deafening Noise, the dealings to have - with sb.

J-l...a:i LA ~ .bl~

death in the throes of­

debate

1

LA ~ (::"" J..\.4!

..::a.,._....ll

r#'

~ ~~! 1 _;t...c.:i:..':/1

.).jc.

-~l.......l..

debt

31


to contract a ­ debtor

''And ifthe - is in straitened

circumstances" (HQ- 2: 280)

deceive

decent

e'~~~~

decency

~: E)Ji.

..

deception

calculated­

~

e'u

deceptive

~W:!i: ~

decree n.

the Night ofD­

.l...-..ill

.)

God'sD-

<i.lll

dedication garb deduction

analogical-

~l...<.i

.~ ,

decree v.

"When He -sa thing, He merely says, 'be,' and there it is." (HQ- 2: 117)

­

~

L

~·.)-A.

•·u~ . .< .• 1...)-' •.<

.u J _.93:!- wu• ;.JA1..r~ tjl·-'• (' 'v : ofo.ll) e'l~)'l

o-ol.rl

~~~

­

l.___,i

\.)"

deed

a good­ good-s a badthe best of-s charitable -s

32

JL..c':/IJ.-..;:.91

.JP..I' J..c : wl.......=.!


The reward ofa good- is multiplied ten times. defamation

~:u.li

defect

~~~~

defendant

~~J-4

deferment

J...:r:.i.:i

to ask/or­

~

~u

deficient

mentally­ defile

•.lJ

'->"-'

defilement

<!.:.;.t !

~

~.IJ

~i.:i

deification deify

~'.J:

deity

~_,!l! .Uj

false -ties

~\_,.b

D~

<Ll'/1

the ,\,'upreme D­ deliberate

_)\....:;.WI

l',;,:r. ! ..l~

:

.u bl:U..t

delight

the

offaith

deliver

to -~ sh. from slh.

~

delusion denomination deny deposit

.JJ~ (~.l) U)

....'k.!

~ 4JJ

33


deprive "Allah -s interest ofall blessing." (HQ- 2:276)

~~

(W'\ : ofo..ll)

dJ.ll

".lull

descendants descent

L:!.;j

J.J~ t ~

desecration

!

J,..:~i t ~

-

.J:i! L......l111

........

!,$~

4.;

~

.JII.O:j\

desert to -one's Muslim brethren

desirable desire "If y ou were to yield to their-s." (HQ- 2:120)

t

(H • : ofo.JI)il~~~~i~II.)J_,"

desist -from "If they-" (HQ- 2: 192)

(' '\'1' :

to -from doing mischiefto people

"_fo.ll) ., ~~

U"UI t_p o y!i ~

despair

,.,~

'-'""":!:! • tJA

despised

despotism

deter deterrence

34

­

"'-"""u. ('o : 6fo..l1) (;J~ _;#. &-

·.~Li.. o~.)

"'i)l.f .ll.;ii~l)

destination destiny

~

. .hli.

to- ofsth.

"Be apes- and hated (or rejected)!" (HQ- 2:65)

0).!"

l__,.ifi" .11~':11 ~

~~ t

.;.lillJ ~l..::.WI ,.~..>.!

e:~J


eJ';

deterrent

~H~ ~~ O.Jfo

detested Deuteronomy

ol.;.,:lll

.;u....i ~i> e'~"'i' ~ ~ e'~"'JJ

j&....

(~\

~.»~ u~

deviate to-from

.jc-

.. l . .

~:U:!

-' ._.~

deviation

~j~ul~

devil, the

(j¥1 ~.,!"-'~ ~

devilish - insinuation/prompting

devoted

J:i:!.a

~ ~ (jlifo : ~

....nt ~w_,l

those- to Allah

.a...u ~

devotee devotion "And stand before Allah with- (in a devout frame ofmind)." (HQ-2:238)

~

!

( Y'1" A : t. .fo.ll)

~ ! ~~&.

~! ~

~ uL..S:;c.'11

4.l'ill

devotional calls devout in a -frame ofmind

devoutness diminish

!S~

•. ~~ .oJl I_,.-_,!_j

to retreat I retire forretiring into a mosque for ­

E.J.J !

U!..ll.

! ...;-:. !

E./J

..:...___j~

' .s~! ~:

eiJ

~!~

"Let him not -from the terms which have been settled." (HQ- 2:282) "Charity does not- wealth. " (PT)

35


diminution

wt...:.ll! ~

~-offaith

w'v.:.'/ 1 wl.....:.i.i J~

dirty ~

language

~~

(J_,ill 0->)

disaster

L:JJ! t.~

disbelief

to revert to ~

pl c)!

disbeliever

,j:.l.ij ~ _;its

""l)i y..~

discerning discernment

i

~

\

~~~

jilj

'-'l)ll.;liJ-"'1: ~: ~~~ jW

discharge

w~l &--[~Lt.: oi.;-JI yt...: JI.,J!: ~

nocturnal sexual~ post-

..lY-;!

('~'Jl.,.L...

~state

urethral~

woman's ~

<;:-.;ill ~~ _)

birth blood~ in a stale ofbirth

0"\i\l\

blood~

U"lii]i

.._..!

('..l

I .,. L..i;

disciple

"")~

disclose

""~~~

"What they hide and what they ~. " (HQ- 2: discord discredit

to - a witness discrpancy discretion

36

(Yv : •J41')

"·..J~L.._, 0J~L.." J~

c~~~~ ..lAL..:i.li

c..r.-:;

~l.i:i! ..,a}.~ ~!

t;t....:u.


to reach the age of­

~~ ~C:lB J~~~~

discretionary

-punishment

Y-~

disdain

!J.).lj: JL..;. ~ !J~

disgrace n.

in-

f' _,.i..

JW4~:~

disgrace v.

dishevelled

disliked

I>J_;-.S..4

disobedience

~

-to parents

L,8.lll _,ll J_,ic J~:~~

disobedient

-wife

~\.;

disobey

those

who~

Allah

disorder

"Be>Fare I They do spread -. '' (HQ-2:12) .l...i.. .{:. l . l ~ . - ! .r-: ..,... J+l::

disown

• .ll~

to ~ one~~· son •

.• 1:.., VOJ'-:. ~.

display

"to ~her charm

u-- ik

414

~ ! ~h..

'

iJ .l.u ·­

l..j.l.fJ ! r;,.fi.

J-...:SJ

disposer

the D- ofall creatures

J-...:.a

disposition

natural-

~! >J:!Y:·: "~! '-?~

J.!.. 37


dispute n.

maritaldispute v.

~b:i!

to- with sb.

(L. ~)

~~ I

dissemblance

J..l4:

JJ4-:!

JW! "l....:IJ

dissemble

~ .)'\ ~ !

dissemination

-.,Jl->=

J~!~

-of/slam

r-"::J.....'f\ )....!U.il _,1 _;..!u

JJL.! ~

dissenter

-s

~:;:.;1_,_..3..

dissident

JJL.! ~

-s

~:;:.;1~

,.L..,u

dissimulation

. ,. ,~! i;~i ~

dissolute

~1~1

dissoluteness

1

distress

._,llill ~'il

\.:oi.J---S

DayofD足 divide

to - between husband and wife divine

~!

-decree/destiny - inspiration

~J

-ordinance

..l.J.b. !

~! _,..1 _,1 t:!y!U

-power -statute diviner 38

4J/1 0j.lil\ ..l.Jh I

~l t:!yt"j

I

.;\.u t:!~ ul~


divorce n.

&LJ:a

absolute­

~~.) ~! ~\.)

revocable­

revocation of­

irrevocable ­

)

.;~

J)lb

~.)

fo

j')lhll

..)c

t-"".)

..< ..... • .Y:!-1 . ) 0''\..,. (1...5 Y.-'

triple-

C:,)W~J)lb

~

divorce v.

to - one's wife irrevocably

"'\! L ~

\..;t.,• lDu. . .:;_,_J.) ,. . "! L.

~

divorce' divorced

-women triply­

\j~~

~!~b Lllh..

divorcee divorce'e divulge

~~\~~

to- a secret

I

•.

->--""' ~

documentation

~_,:;

Hadith­ domicile dominion

"The -of the heavens and the earth."

~.l.::JI l'L.~

4>r ~\ Jth:J:

(~1

0A) ~ll'tl G_,_s.l...

('. v : ;_fo.ll) '.~}11_, wl_,.......ll

.ill:."

(HQ- 2 ,· 107) donate

e.k!~

donation

tH\4

donor

e~! -rAIJ

doom

~!~!~~ 39


awful/painful~

"Theirs will be an awful-." (HQ-2: 10)

(\. : >_;i;ll) ·.~1 ~lk ~_;

"A painful~ is in store for them. " (HQ- 2:10) Doomsday

('. : ;;_;i;ll) ·.~i ~lk ~ ..; 'T~I

knowledge of­

doubtful

- matterslacts to avoid- matters

r--Jc

~L.....ll

double-faced

e-.;=

~J Jj! ~.).A

cl.!J.l ..;;....

! <.!JL.Jj !

w~

~ ~

!

Y:!.J.A

1 _,...i:w~l ...::J~I~

dower

~IJjll ~ ~JJ!4..sJ!I ~

dowry ; dowery

~IJJll ~ ~JJl4JJ!I ~ 'l"'t cJjJI tt:i..J\ ~.J-4:1 ~JJl ~Jjl! .u.!J: 'ill!

c,rt i.jjJI et:i..t.ll ...>f-411 ..!l.lls)

(~lJjll ~

prompt­

~~

deferred­

draw

to- sb. little by little

to - sb. by degrees

dreadful

a- torment

a-doom

e:J~ (J~

~ ~I :WI .. _,....

.:i.....:il:JI "-""'

dream

a wetdrinking drunkard

40

i'~l

~~"::~ ~I ~o:~JW : ~I <)4.1.6


due

to give sb. his ­ duress

underwhat sb. does under ­ dutifulness

-to parents duty

an enjoined­

an individual ­ religious -ties

(~L.

_,l)

4,..

~~ ~ oi.;--Sl

·'.r-514 ~o~IL.

.H! ~L,.l, 0;.lll _,!1 _)-/

~IJ ~_)

0--+ v<o.) -::.,~1_,: ~I_)

41


E

ear

''And give ~ to Our Commandments."

(HQ- 2:104)

''A grain ofcorn which produces seven ~s." (HQ- 2:261)

(""' :0 ~ .~.11). <..H'·U....

~

...:..:w1 ~· ••

earlobe earnest ~sale

0-H.F­ U>!yJI ~

earth clean~

ITI~

~~

.

ease n.

''Allah desires for you ease; He does not desire hard'>hip for you." (HQ-2: 185)

".j.-.ll ~ ~Y..';J.J, ~I~ "...ll .lJ.Y.." (\AO;

o_foll)

ease v.

to- nature Easter ecclesiastical

E- Council ~

dignatories

eclipse

'

~

~.>J

.1. ~ .­ (~J~I~)~I ~ ~.w~~

.,...uws ~ ~~ 0;!~1 ~.) .JI.f!. u~ t

u..,....s

lunar­

u~l

solar-

u_,__....s!l

43


_;.dll u_,....;..

-ofthe moon -of the sun

~~

A solar - has occurred.

ecumerical

u.,...,S

.~1~1

~~~WI~~! ~_,s......

-movement

~lrJWI~jj~p.

......

..

effeminacy

~

effeminate (~1

ejaculation

JS-H

elbow emancipate

~!..;~

J-=& ! ..)Jy;;;

emancipation embalm embezzle

~ 11-~1 Jt..a:a....l '~-..,...,.: ! o..lfJUI ~ ~ ~

"Ifhe is entusted with sth., he -s." (PT)

embezzlement

(~_;..:; ~.l::..)

~~

!

ti.."U...J

("~I

embrace to -Islam

embracement eminence

JIJ..l) JIJ.."il

·.-.;\.£..

~~ I~)J'

0-* ~ ~1) ~~

Jt..a:a....l i11-L...} ~ ~ ~~!~

r-'":J...,.,'/1 _,! J.i..~ i ~ J~l

~!~.;!~

His E-­

emissary enchanter encircle "Allah is -ling the disbelievers. "(HQ-2:19)

encompass 44

Jl.; 'jj~<";~i ~! ~~

(' '\ : o.fo.JI) •. W;.;!t5..l'-! ~ ;Jl\..i ~~


jw:l~

encompassed

!

r.SJA. ! .JJh,.t

- by forms ofhardship

:.).s.J4

-by lusts

w\~4 ..::...h

~\;.. <SJ14 J~

encyclical endeavour n.

~~!

._,-ll ....LlJ

endowment family~

l.jJ~ U!J

private足

l.jJ~ U!J

public~ religious~

'-i~

Ministry of E~

u;_,

u\j}:JI o)jJ

~!~

endurance enemy

an avowed~

~J:;;;:.

ua.Ai' ~~: -1 >'~

enjoin

to- what is right 1good and to forbid is evil to ~ righteousness

"To- a good action is a charity." ~

sth. upon

to

~

on 1upon sb. to do sth.

Islam

~s

an

~sus

certain duties.

enjoir.ed

->---"~

(~~ ~.l:>.) '.:U~ u 3 ~4 y'JI'

.)c. ~ _ftl

to

The Prophet (PBUH)

_ft..i.JI 0C- ~J uJ~4 JA~

I~L: . . j~

U"-":!u

to be generous

i'fl\

!

y\,;

~x.

.)c. (FJ "#- .oJJI ~) ~~ ~ ~ ..:,~1_, .,I.Ji ~ i''::L,'j\

v:=J~

~duty

enshroud

45


enshrouding enslaving

~

Ji ya.ll -.rAill ~

J)l y~) "'1ifo..~l

(~1

Ji yya.ll

entertain A guest has the right to be -edfor three days. entrust to deliver up/fulfil that which is -ed to sb.

~~~~

rL....l #

~ ~L...t....;.JI #

(>41~ ~ (~!) ~ ~L-.t./l"'J~ ~'-~1 ~.w'ii

entwining enuresis nocturnal-

~_,....i

J.;;JI ~~ J~l ! ~~

envier

o-J...

...,..UI ~b

envious (person) '

envy n.

..

J.....wo:lo.

out ofto practise ­

envy v. "Do not - one another" (PT)

equal to set up-s to/with Allah "You should not set up-s to rank with Allah." (HQ- 2:22) equitable on-terms

46

(U:~ ~)

•. l_,.l..>h.."'l. Jft..!J....i

iJb;l .u!l u.JJ 0-" ~

(n:o..~~ll)".u# ~i_, iJb.i1.ui 1~--::u·


"The parties should either hold together on - terms or separate with kindness. " (HQ- 2: 229)

"uL.....:..H ~y..U

_,1 u_,~ ~!!· (H'\: o.)l;ll) rJali~IJI ~

erudite

J-il.>.~

escort

to - the deceased to his final resting place

•O_)"L.i::JI •

~

establish

~

to -prayer

o~l~

t.W!

establishment

-ofprayer

o~l

tJ J.A..>'J' I ~ji

eternal

theE­

(~1

theE-, Absolute

(~1 .uJI

eternity ethical Eucharist, the

i"'L._i)

.ojj\

.,t.......l0-o) 1'~1 .,t.......l 0--)

~J.A~I

!

~~

~~~~

o~,WI

!

(~~~~~)~i (ISJ\......Q..lll ~) O"JL.ll 04~1

eulogy euphemism evangelical evangelist

U#bll ~I~ I (o).~l ~) ~pi

"'

. \, ..... -~J.Jf ..,-::-:--. • ~

. \, ... ;~ '

evangelism evangelize

~~~'14~ Jt.....:a..! JJI.LW

(<.F-".Jj J.lc) ~

everlasting

theE­

~

J.)f~

~)'4~1

even

-number

-lt:i.....:i

~.·~

tJ J.Aj'J' (~1 .uJI

.,t......,1 0--)

I

tJ ~i

._rJI

47


evidence

circumstantial­

L...l:.ft

conclusive ­

~1.§ J.Jj..l

evil

~,.......ll ! ~~ ! ~~

the lesser of the bvo -s

0.~u,..;;,JI

to forbid what is­

fi.W\

-- doing

uc ~ J#

Jy.cl!

May- befall him !

\...b.l

uL_p

to do - things

..::..1.4-JI C JJ:H.

-intent

~I~_,___..,

-doer What an-man

l J-,.)l ~!

He whose neighbour does not feel safe from hisexalt

<.).4~~) ~

exalted

"l71en know that Allah is E- in power, Wise. "(HQ- 2:209) £-in Might

H.;~~

{or • " : •.fo.li) •r-f=.

J.t.)c· .~JJI 0 1 1_,..Jc lj" 4..1.1\

"\..,,,.,! L)A) j:yJI

excess

.jL...i:.

excessive cold exegesis

Qur'anic­ exegetist exhort exhortation

48

J-::.*""j

~1) ~fl:

J::.Jb

~

u1.ft!1 ~

.

~J.ll......:i.S.ll ~~

• ~

~!~!~di~

~!~!~!~_JA


~.l~jll

existentialism existentialist

'i.l~j

~~J~I .,;t.i....i .l.:l.i) o~\

exodus

Jt ~)I

.)....

(~I

J~!

expend

Jii:l

I

"And who - ofwhat We have bestowed on them." (HQ- 2:3)

(i : r._fo.ll)

'路0~

rAwjJ l.w.J'

.

'

\~l~J~

to -great efforts

(~)~~

expiate

oJL...i.S

expiation

-fora sin

(~ _,\ ~j L.Je) oJUs o).Ls~

expiatory

-fast extol

to- Allah extortion extravagance extravagant

"-:!1::.

~J.ull ~

(~1 ~~ J=):a

.:Y)

ji~'JI

ul..>-""l : ..>J4 u>-""" ! J4颅

49


F ~!

fabricate

Jil:l

.)c...;~

to- a lie against

e~,..~ ~~

fabricated

JW

- hadith

fabrication

slanderous ­

~~~~

~~~

facilitate

"F- things for the people and do not make things difficult for them. " (PT) faction faith

(U:!_r!;

~J.:..) '.1_,~""1_, 1_,~·

~) ! ~'tl:l ! o~l ~

¥

61.A.;1'

articles of­

0~'11 ,:;\S)

ingood­

4~,J;-

1affinn my- in Allah. delight of­

.....m.-<~1 0 \..,;,)il

"o;:;..::.. ~11

faithfulness

)W . '

faithless faithlessness

.;i--S

fall

~

-in with sb. "When they- in with those who believe .... " (HQ- 2:J.I)

LA

~.)l,!

(' £ : •P.l) ..... 1~1 0,!~1 l_,il l.lj_,"

51


U:Jtt. J&- ew'ti tt.bu. 0fi ! U:Jtt.

,.~u.: ~ ~

fallacious fallacy

~'-IJI

falsehood "F- does not approach it from before O" behind it." (HQ- 41:42,:

·~

,jA':l.J

~.l:l ~

,jA

J14J1 ~~':!.'

(H:~)

False Messiah

J4.UI~I

falseness

U-.:j~ ~

~

falsity famine fanatic fanaticism fast to observe the- qfRamdar.

~~~~i~.lll~l

{'~~~~ 0~Jr-~

a person observing ­ to break one's ­

~L......:.

(r-t,;...<:> ~

,jA) _r..b.i::

-breaking

-charity

voluntary/vowed­

expiatory-

fasting to give up­ fatalism fate inescapable ­ father HeavenlyF­ 52

~~

_;-.1.ill

u~

:Ll!ll r-Y""' ;_;US r~

~~!~~ I.J.....,J' - ) . L~. ( r-l,jc-~ ~

L:u.wll .;.ull

(r Y.--) .,W:.i


~= ~

favour

"Allah's

~s

4..\li ~ ~ l u_,_...i.

fear n.

"There shall no~ come upon them neither shall they grieve." (HQ- 2:62) Allah

~'lJ ~ wY,.'lJ' ~:A

fearv. F~

(''I' : o.fo.ll)".._:,_,.ij.:>..:J

! 4..\ll 0--Ji

I

~\

fill

to eat to one's 路~

~

_,ll..-A

financial

}--路=!

路~straits

.'

finger-nail

.;--Ll:2

fire

.JL.ll\

bla::ing ~

~~ ..::.\~\

firmaments

flatter

~ : '-"~

flattery

J-W : 1'1..;-b)

d

fleeting life, the

4WI YJ~

flight theF~

;;~\

c.}2.: : ~ : ~.,rAJ:

fling

.b;.-)4 Y~ :

flog

~

fold

to bring sh. into the folk

4

~of Islam

(>L jl L.iiS .) ~~ J=.~

'->"L.lll

53


the Muslim common ~

~!~

follow

and whoever followed in their footsteps

i'+'.J.l ~ _)~..,..., ..;...J ! ~~ ..;...J ~\J....:ii')'\

following

• ' ; .t. ! ~·~~

footstep

to follow the

~s

of the devil/..')atan

0~1..::.1~&':

and whoever followed in their-s

.JL..., 0--J! ~I 0--J

(~

forbearance

Jt...:i.:l.')'\ : Ji)l : ~I

to show -andforgiveness

~J~

forbearing

theF­ forbid

Allah has -den you to be undutiful to your mothers. God forbid! To- an evil action is a charity. -ding that which is abominable forbiddance forbidden

-things

~t.....:i...~~

(~1 .ull ,t•.J

..;...)

~~~~~~ .w~'ll~..i.,k ~ tY. .uJI ! .ull • ~.4.:>

fi.Wl

forefather

-s forego ( = forgo)

54

J

_):::.!i"":l

jc ~I

_;.-$..WI UC ~\

r---=Y.:. ~~ : EJ-l- : i'l..fll> wi.J~I

forbidding

- that which is abominable

~I

~

fi.WI

UC ~~

4: i...i.L... .,~1


"Unless they- it.... " (HQ- 2:237)

(H'V : >_fo.ll) ".... 0~ j :IJ"

forenoon

~~

the- prayer

~\<.)\....:,

forensic

~~

-medicine

~~~ y...hll

foreteller

ul~: ~ts

'-'=..>: !

forge

.J-JJ:

~1~~ • 1 . ( \.,,J+'') l:i....l.:>. ~-' ~

to- a tradition!hadith

;_,~

forged

-statement

.).Jjll

to give -statement

~l{_fo~!~!~l.......:! ! ~~ !

i>.)i....ll

.ull

to ask (for) Allah's­ to solicit God's ­

fornicate fornication

_).:J,!

(yAY ~.l.:>.

forgiveness

forgo(= fm·ego)

J,r-i

_;_,j o.)~

a- tradition or hadith

forgive

Jli;,.!

!

.;WI

•.­

~

.ull~

r:.r ~ ! (~

·~

-'->"'"

(~-Jji-4

fornicator

{.fo '

JJU:i: ' ~

~ ~

.>:P

~

! {.fo ~ t.- WI)

I.;-

.' ..,r..>:

J:J 64) u-iJll

(~-JJiA

forsake

.;#-) -:,lj ~

to -a religion

fortitude

~\!,~I

to seek help with ­

~~~

{}.-..:..:) ul>--­

fortune-teller foster

~4

!

~l....::lyl .)

!

~~yl 64

55


~\....;:.)1 0-- ..L;jii

~relations

~1-:''-:_,1

~father ~mother

i'i ~\....;:._;]1 0--

~brother

~\....;:,)\

~SISler

t1

0-­

~son

~daughter

~4~1 ~L-....;:J

fosterage

~t.........Qj

fostership

~rJ~: ~u

foul foundations ~of /slmic

Jurisprudence

four at a time fraternity fraternization fraud fraudulent free adj. -'

free v. freemason

J~

(~_;-L. ~) ~""'"1....

~""'"1....'

freemasonic freemasonary free-thinker

( ;_.

.?

I

fugitive 56

WI

â&#x20AC;˘"""'

~""'"L.. : J:i.l>j

fretful friendship

.;""'"t...

~~ ~

w\~

..

' ;.___u.


a ~slave fulfil

J..--11 ~ !

to ~a covenant

J....+.l:!

i

uL.s) : J.,_...::~i 0--:!-lll J_,_...,l

- ojreligimv1slam funeral

to follow a -procession/to accompany a~ to attend- rites

~~

~4~

fundamentals

-procession

~

~j~

oj\..4JI

yS_,..

!

ojli.;..

>j~\~

>jL...i;.. ~

57


G (?~I ~)

Gabriel

J:->:+

~I

gambling garb

IJ"L..rl

pilgrim­

ilr- ~I

<Y'L;l -:::.~

Gardens

-ofDelight

~\,..::..L.i;>.

-of Eternity

0~

~IJ.;! .;ljj !

garment

outer -for a female

. .::.L.i;>.

y,.J ! 0"4l yl_.4

the let down one's ~ to put 011 a wrap and a

~

)j'jl

~SjY..! .,1.:~)1 ~SjY..

~~~

gather

"And know• that you will he -ed before Him." (HQ- 2:203) Genesis

(". r : oP,I) ··uJ~ (~' ol.;fol

genitals genuine "If you are-." (HQ- 2:23}

give

to be -n to prayer to- sth. away for Allah's sake to -up sth.

.;u....i

0.;,Jllll

J:....:!l:

.Y! ,._s.;11_,..J.:.IJ"

J.ll.....::l ~

!

~i) U:.,s.:;.ll ~ ~l.i:ill ~ ~~~

~

u..l lj .;#-:

(Y'i : oP,I) ".L,},!i.:~l....., ~

uf

~

o")\....:J4 J!:..... ~ .uil.llc:.~f:_kl.-:.~ ~

59


glaring

a -fact gluttony

~I : ~I : .U.I.AI

glorification

~~~

~of Allah

~\

glorify gluttonous go apart ~to

sh.

l.-.~.lA: L.-.cr~ ~J~

God

...UI

() (in'af- '

for

~'s

!~I

sake

<U.ll

( ioJ h/ess you .'

~.,J

(~WI ~) ! "Jll ~ J:!

god

afalse

wj ~

..::..,,_..c\.1

Godfearing (or God-fearing)

~=~

-people

,:,_I;...)I

godhead

Some sects chum -for a certam person

4t.J!i : ~J-IJ -~ ~ ~.,J1J;i]l ~ r./-Sj

godhood

~_,ii : ~J-IJ

godliness

tJ.J '

God's Decree godly

!he颅 路 persons Gog

60

~Jj :

r: '

c':ll..a ' ~ JJ.ll

CJ.J:

...u ~~

,_~

J:~: -,r"t.:J: ~L...,: ~ jyJL....,JI jyJ~

~~~


-and Magog

r F-L., r F-4

Goliath

~.Jl4

good

~

the doers of­

j~l

goodness

~~

Gospel, the

J.A.-.'¥1 !~)

canonic -s

lA..l.lc 3)

o.l.~l J,.::;..L-':;1

the~

of.John

b,~)

~

of !,uke

U_,J~)

the

the-- of Afark

~JA~!

the - ofAiatthew

_;,...

~)

gossip

A pilgrim shoultJ not indulge talk. grace

~ Ill

and idle

. ,.._u1 uc ~

J rwl ~ ~

"If it had not heenfor the grace ofAllah" (ff(J- 2·6-1)

hy Allah\­

-G...::..J_,.WI

~

gracious the most(/­

UJJJ (~1 .WI ~~i

grand (;- Ulema

gratitude out of- to God

Greater Bairam greediness

.yo)

~)I

~: (~I • We.

J4S) -. w.JI

J--:1#. J4S

~:uU_p .WI~

~~1¥-

~~~

61


e_w,!~

greedy

~~ ,.($_}.: ! ~ ~

greet

~1:~1

greetings

to return the

~

grief

to remove a worldly~ distressing sb.

~I

J'._n.

u~

: ,.'_;.j.

~A~uc- ~fi~ ~: (J.,#.

grievance

u~

grieve

"Nor shall they~." (HQ- 2:38}

(fA : ;;fo.JI) '·0Y.?-= rA'l.i

ground

without any~

J..}-+4 ..:;_,~

grudge

to nurse

~ ~against

sb.

lA ~· -" •1 ~I -'i Jb..JI

to have ~ against sb.

guard "G~ yourself against

the fire .... " (HQ-2:24) "G~ yourself against a day ... " (HQ- 2:./8) Guardian-Lord, the

lA~~~

~=u~~U"Y::...:!~

('1' i : -;, fo.JI) ".... JUJI l_,i:jl.! " (tA :

~fo.li)

' .... lA_,; l_,i:jl_,' <T.rJI

-.)--41-.rlJ

guardian

the ~ ofan orphan legal~

the Eternal G~ guardianship guidance

62

·

~

~IJ!~

~3 (~1 '".i.ll ..

w

: yYI

c) 3

u--) i'~\

~l.....:lJ \ ~1.;-l


divineto ask Allah the Almighty for- in sth.

~~ ~~~~

: ~lull~~~~

\... y~ i . <\.il\ ~ .足

guide n.

pilgrims'足 guide v. guided

the rightly-足 the rightly-- Caliphs

u.J~\ U.J~\ )\ .. ill:JI

guilt guiltless

63


H hadith ~

..r".li6;.l.:l..

an agreed upon ~

""->lc. -·- ..::.U.l.:l..

a Qudsi (divine)

-

an authentic/authoritative a good and sound~

(.jUA

­

~

a forged/fabricated~

a rejectable !repudiated ~ a transmitted/handed down a weak~ I an unreliable

.l_j.ly>

~

6;.l.:l..

J.,...iL. 6;.l.:l..

~

a good/fair ­ an unfamiliar-

a famous/well-known

~

a suspended ~

~6;.l.:l..

a traceable -

t_,;Y' 6;.l.:l..

an untraceable ~

ui9.JA 6;.l.:l..

a chain of­

scholars of­

collections of~ ham

6;.b..l\

~

(~~J ~) .>.1~1 ·,

ii

Han halite

~

Hanbalitic

~

hardship

65


forms

of~

ej~l

J~l (S.li

harm n.

There should be neither harming nor

.)y:c.'JJ J~'J

reciprocating~.

to restrain oneselffrom

doing~

to others

~~

-s:hl tl.i:J

.y;. ~

harm v.

~~ 'ij~

harmful

iJ:l~

removing a ~ thing from the road

J:ulJl .y;. -shl U.l..) ·~~~~~~~,1;!

harsh harshness

~~ ~l4

!

~

!

ti~

!

~~

hateful

!

4J:il.l::J

~J.;-.SA

J:-s:

haughtiness

~~ ~~~

~ ! ~ !

haughty

t....fo

J'L:i.i... ! (.)"'}:li.:i.4

the~

i.h~l

headcloth

J LQ -

hearing

~

the facully of­ heathen heaven

the lowest-

~I

..,..,~

.>#- ! )ts ((SJL...::!..i.l\

~ ~J

fJ-31 JIJ ! ~I ! ~L.....J\ ~..l]l.,t..........J\

Heaven

.;Jll

Hebraic

'i~

~JflLll

Hebrew heifer heir Hell

66

U.O)

~: ·-

tllll

(o ~ • ) o..)AT~


~fire

.JL...lll

helpless

~! ~ ~'J i

thethe~

!

•• ,;.,;.,. .

~L.......JI

believers

~ _;...ll

0--

L;yia • ;.;; .,, All

JiJ-A

Hercules

~411 jl.l.l\ ! ~~\ ! ~ji-~1

Hereafter, the heresy

JJ.>" i

~Jk:,

tc.-1: ! ..# ! .ti.llj

!

~.;4

U:.l.ll (fo

innovator (<?!a -) heretic

(L:i.c.~) ~h-4

U:.l.ll (fo

JJL.. :

: J:.llJ : eJ.'l:.4 .•..b l;j! t.l.!l' J,.\i

~

~.;4

heretical

a

~act

heritage Islamic~

heterodox heterodoxy

Hijrah

...,..."'Jl...,;';} I

~I yll

eJ.'l:.4 ~ ~.;4 JJ>' : e'~' : ~.;4 JJL..

~

o~l

Hira' the Cave of­ hire

to ~ a workman hoarding holiness

~~~

" Iyo. .J1.._;;_

j--4~

i~.?. I h.....­ Jl_,..ill

1.>":1.\S.:i

~.l!

HisH~

holy 67


the H~Ghost

(..s JL...:..l!l .l.ic.) IJ"..WI C.J )\

the H~ Qur'an

r·:L>S.ll 0 1_;ill

the H~ Mosque

r'..r--l'

the H- Sunnah

;.~1~1

the H- Ka'bah

A.iy!..JI

a-man

( .djj\

~~

~~

"4J_,i 0--) .).J

honour hoopoe ~~I ~.;5

hospitality to show- to one's guest

~I'~ ~L....J\

Hour, the portents/signs of the H­

House, the people ofthe ­

hue -and cry

human

4.cWI.bl~l (~J ~ JJ.ll ~) JJJ\

1

4.cWI -.::.,1)...1

J.,...J ~

:~1

41 J_.\l [~~~~ ..

.

~

~iA:

..,..1......1

the -s

!J"-'"/1

the -and the )inn

J;Llill

"Were the -s ofyou and the )inn ofyou .... " (PT) humble the- minded

humiliation husband intervening­

68

(U;~ ..::..:.).:,.) •.... ~_, ~! u1 .}' ~lfo 0~\_;jl

LJj


hymn

~.Y

hypocrisy

JUl

hypocrite

JiU..

69


I idle talk i).JJ! ~

idol

-- worshippers

l.Jl:. }JI ) rl:.,.•}'l\ "¥­

--worship

ui:.}'J\ ) r~"1 1 o.)t;c. .$

idolator idolatory

v-""J

wiJ}il Ji

f-U-.iil oJ~

!

~.jll

Uj:t.i~

ignominy

lltram

r'f"1'

4.>"41 ~ f''...>=r-l

ill-deed f-1~

illegal ill-gotten

-acquisition

~

tJ~ .)#-

~

.t.. ' ....':(.

~..1""1

--­

y...s! ..::..:...:..,

.r~

illicit

through - means

~

~ Y"' ..>F-

4..c J~ Ji:- ~~

illumination

..>#-! !

('l...>=t­

r' _p.-!4 ,.~

Imam

('L...t)

Imamate

tat-"tl

immolate

i..'4J ~~ ! _;li; ! ~ w~Jt~i

immolation

the Day off­

(~"11 ¥.})_p-ill?'~ ~~~~t..~

impairment impartial

jl:...O..

..>#-

!

u....:w ! ~j.l 71


impermissible

~c~..>#

~

impiety

~~~t.:~

importunate importunity

~~

with­

cWl! uWJ

rW...!u! UWI

"-

t.•

'

imposter

.

impotent imprecation

~

~t.: ~U::.J

!

~

!

~

mutual­

<!a...J:. t.: ~ ~lJ

<?_;1:.! ~4) t!Ll! oJ:!p

impurity

0.Jl+b-11 ~$.

the state ofritual/ceremonial­

~L...4Jl

. .:. .l,

incense n.

..)~

incense v. i.SY.

!

inclined

~..)

J.l.t

~lZ! ~.Jt.....;;

(~) ~

.>#-

!

Jilji-4

incumbent

72

!

4..l.ll ~ .l...A):!

incompatibility

The taking ofan oath is upon him who denies. incur

~'

~\..)! J~

to be less - towords this world

It is- on/upon every Muslim to ....

...

~

inclination

incompatible (with)

~

..;L-J

impulse

natural­

!

..J#.

~IJ

••.• ..;I FJS~

~~..,

.fi.ii 0-- ~ ~~


"those who have not ~red 1hy wrath" (HQ- 1:7) "He does not~ any sin." (HQ- 2:173)

(Wi : ;;_fo.ll) ·.~ rJ})l! •

"And they ~red Allah's wrath. "(HQ- 2:61)

('1 I : ;;_fo.ll) "..WI

"And they ~red the severest punishment." (HQ- 2: 10)

('. : ;;_fo.ll}

1_,.,4_;

;jA ~

·.HI yl~

~_,·

J~

incurable

an -disease

J~

indecency

uoOJA ~~I

~ ~ : ~WI yl.i~

indecent

-talk

uU..

J~l<}~l

~! Ji:i...w

independent

an - opinion

.:J~I

index finger, the

~4-ll

indigent

~ ' t. .~- _. ' '"' •' ' ;... ~·~·v-~·~

induce

What

~d you

to do what you did ?

f c1lj

~t...

•u.J\ -:II... w u-::

indulge

to ~ in doubtful acts; to - in suspicious things inequity

Ja! .)<::.

!

•• ~

~~~<}~

oiJL.....JI f'$.: uL..Ai)'l f'$.:

u~!

~I

inerrancy infallibility

(tbi.ll ~) ~I

infallible

(tbi.ll ~) ('~

Nobody is-. inference

i..h;..JI

e;c.

(&y!.:ill

? ~ .:J.:>.I

_JJ1....:1...

0-"t...

6A) Ji~'/1

73


)W

infidel

the chiefs of the -s infidelity innict

to -a dreadful torment on sb. to -punishment upon infringe

1$~~ J_;i:! ~

to ~ (upon) the rights ofothers

~~

J_,b. .)c. l.j~

ingrate

~4- t

,_

.;.,._iS

~~.:;is: J~

ingratitude inheritance

..::.1.):!-4 Gl ~~

laws of~

1'\.S..J

!

inheritor

! ..::..;)

~I ~I ~JJ

~:~:Up.~JJ+l~

iniquity initiative

o.;J~

to take an/the

~

r::JW !

injunctions

to abide by the -of the Holy Qur'an

Hfll .) )ll ~

>"i

JAIJl

W ~

injurious

removal ofwhat is -from the path

~路~:Up.:u~l'~

injustice inmate

~!~!J:.J.'

-s ofHell

JUIJ___o.\

1$~

innate ~peculiarity

innovate 74

~;1.11 c)c ..s~'JI UL.J

ofcharacter


L.c.~

innovation

"lhe worst ofdeeds are -s. " (Pl)

(~y:; ~h) '.\+it:i.l..:>.-4 JY''JI

innovator insolvency insolvent

y:; Of t~

J~)

(~I.. .I:~~ JJ\.i .;#) ~

inspiration

('l-..f.ll

instalment

L:..J

payment by­

·.ll\~)~1 ( <...B ­

instigation

~~

under the - qf

.y.~~

instinct

oJ:fo

instinctive

.;J:fo

instruction

~~~

--of the dying person integrity

~~~

JW: ~lj.i! ~1..i! t.t..:Al..l

moral-

JUJI JL.S

intend

to- to plea.<;e Allah

~!.;~ ..jj\

"--'?- J ..l..-:!.E

to- a good1bad deed

intent

with good­

evil­

intention

good

~I ~\~\

ill~

~~~\

to articulate the ­

~~~

75


"Deeds are only the -s behind them. " (PT)

•.wlull.. ( <....il-->""• ~i:>.) ~ ~ .

Jl=~I

WI• •

intentional

~!

.i.,...W

intercede

l:w~

: ti.'ii;

to- with sb. for/on behalf of sb. else

.• '-1·I.>" ~ ·•.d..b..' '-"' >1:! -'l.tt..i!:i.. -.;---­

~

(.P.o

y;.J l:w~:

intercession

Gt.U

intercessor intercourse

sexual­ interdict

' . ' '. ~.TV" . ..L.i.o'• ~ .I!~.'• l.r" \e. ...,....-;; ~

f'~

interdicted

~..,.......! .)~

interdiction

~~!

..,.+

commands and -s

~lftll_, JAI_,~I

-against the abominable

folluc- ~I l-.:J ' ~..i...J'l.i

interest intermediary

~J

intermediate

~_,....

-stage interpretation intoxicant

Ail-s are prohibited intoxicated intrigue invalidate

to -ablution invalidator

76

~j,.Hll

o\.p..ll

~! J.!Ji:;

~ ·rl..? ~JS .)~

~.i!~

~ ~_,....;::._,]1 ~

J.hr.:

~u


~s

of ablution

~,._;:._,!I ~1_,.;

inveigh to~

~4-:!~.l~l~~

against the vicissitudes of time

y.~l

uJ>--" ~: ~~~ ~

(...:i,.,~ ~

inviolable

"lhe whole ofa Muslim for another

Muslim is " (Fl)

the I~ place ofwonlup

inviolate

..;1

j.,P.-:':1) ?\~

(~;-1i ~~)'路I''?~\~~\

JS'

i'lp.ll~\

0~ ! ( ...:i,.,~ -~""~) y~>\.b

invocation

t~ l J~l

for rain

the Opening

:

~\.cJ

,~'J\ -;)l...:, } ~tc.~

r-

invoke ~king

Allahfor t;uidance

?t1e Prophet (PHl !II)

~d a

hlessmx on sb.

to

Alluh(or rain

to

the blessint; of Allah on sb.

to~

Allah\ name

not

to~

sb. a/onx wi!h Allah

inwardly irreligious irrevocable ~

-ill\ t-" :1'- ~'1

\J-... : ..r--11 _) (0:~ Jl.a..) _;:J':I

(~ t.H-)1 ~':1) L>-->1..:

di\'orce

Isaac

( ~;J-l\ ~)

Islamic ~raw

JU......! ........~l

Shari'ah

~)\.....,~\~_,.;;]1

77


Israel

Children of足 Israfil

78

J:.'IJ-W<J J:ljl .r-! H

J!iiJ-W<J


J Jacob

(<-~' ~) '-;~

jealous

.;_,_..j.

jealousy

i.J-:P

Jerusalem Jesus Jew

''And those who are-s." (HQ- 2:62) jewellery

wearingjewelry (=jewellery) Jewish jinn

the humans and the ­ Job John

('->" .WI) '->" .ll.t.ll .::W -· (~1~)~

c.iJJ+: (\'I' : ~ _fo.ll) •. \_,.)\..\ ,j:~l _,•

.,...WI ~\

.,...WI c.iJ~

<.).-+II ~I

(~I~) ;.;~i

~.J:!' (<-~' ~) ~

Jonah

(<-~' ~) u...i~

Joseph

(?-~I~)U....t=

journey

the Night- to Heaven

~!tb_;

"I ..>--'-")1 I

(to be) on a-

joy Judaism 79


~

judgement

"Till Allah Himself enforces His~." (HQ- 2: 109) to be brought to J~

( \ • '\ : 0_fo.ll) ••

Y'4 .ull _;,4 ,;;.::..·

(yt......:JI

r~) ~~

juggler

j~

jugglery

ij~

~

jurisprudence Islamic~

.,r)L,_,;·-;I 4i.ll

principles of Islamic~ versed in Islamic

~\ j_,_.....,i

~

jurisprudent jurisprudential ~rulings

jurist jurisconsult

religious ~ juristic

~

._;,,..1i _)~ ~ .r~

just

J.l~

justice

Ul.le

justly

J~

to act~ (between two people)

so


K

Kaaba, the

~~

Ka'ba, the

~~

.:u _r!....ll

the Holy-

direction towards the 足

~I

~.li!~~ ~

keep

- up to the Holy Sunnah

r,~l~l..;~

Uhl! JiJ

kindness

-to the parents kindred

i):!-lll _,ll "_r-.!

'-::'Jili : ~jL\1

near足

S'4)i

JJj :

0>--!_i'J\

-ofblood

_,_,j

?'L:.. }11

~~

kinsfolk

!

'-::'Jili : S'4)i ~~~I)

kinship

severer of- bond5 kinsman

~~

r-"'- )l e;bli

('-::'Jil~i .Ji S'4)~1 J..J) ~)

kinswoman kith and kin

(..:.4..jLII IS~J)

4.1)

{'l:..J~I

to keep good relations with one's足

r-"')1~

to do good to one's足

!""'"}\ J..-.....o.;

knowledge

religiouskohl

u..)ll-0 </- y!JI r-1JI

~

Korah Koran, the

81


L label

to ~ sb. with unbelief

fol4~~

labour

'-""~'

~pains

t><>G...JI I'\'1

lamentation

va)

land ~tax

~I_;-..:.

lapidate (Satan)

(u~l) _,..~

Jlj t L.rj

lapse n. lapse l'.

JJ.f

.U:j)I .} l.j-*:!

to - into vice to -from virtue

"Ifyou~ back .... " (HQ- 2: 209)

~~ o~L;.. \.)t!-

~~ \.)t!- u~

6!.J:!I

(" • '\ : 0_fo.ll) ••••• ~ j w_l.!"

~j.all~

lard lash n.

oJ.J+

lash v.

~

Last Supper

~I ~ ~ ~.;Li:i <1~1) .JF..~I ~\..!all l'i>•J w-~1

4·'""- W::!),Jollroll ~ (.sJ~I

~~ ~

law

Islamic LDivine~

u_,..ii

~"J....,'il ~_;.:.11

t _;.:.11

! ~_,~1 ~_;.:.11

83


lawful

~

lax

wlf:l...

leader

~'\.i

y.'JI _,J_,i

-s -for mankind

rL....J

learned

a-man lease

-oflife "Whoever loves that his- of life be prolonged.... " (P1) leave

"save by Allah's -" (HQ- 2: 102}

·-s.

r--.' ~1.-:.

u.LI.A

~

J'+:'il

~ ! "'~!

~~~~'JI

· .... ,;l.} .u 4

J •:;... w--'

(U:ly!i

~.l:>.)

bJ\.::.!! ~"'! .;.lJ (' • " : o.fo.ll) • .s.lll 0~1-: 'if

leech

(Jk- b.lJ.l) ~

legal

~_,..'l.i:J'j.:lo.

-opinion

<.5_,_:;!

legislation

Divine-

~~

'-# J~ t:!y!i:i

legitimacy

~J~

legitimate

~

leniency

0:1 ! J.!.L...:i !

~L...:i

~

!

lenient

y..'4JI ~

leper n.

~.;:i~:~.;:i

!

@

leprous adj.

~.;:i

Lesbianism

thl.....4.11: Jb...JI

Lesser Bairam 84

,;hlll ¥'


let

E.J:!

to

~(sb.)

to

~sb.

down

off

to- down the veil (on her face) to

~

J..'-11~! J~

LA ~ ,y:. j_,L;...:i:

(~ J

the headcloth down

Leviticus lewd lewdness

liar libe: licentious Iicentiousness

.)c.)

yliill

J.l..U

jL.u.ll

J.l..U

(ol.;fll .;u....i J.:~.i) U::J~I .;ÂŁ.... '.;4-...:.;1 '-""1~

: ~1.1 :

.;a....

..r?-ti : J-wti

~~!~.;!.;~

y\J..s ~,...;u

J-wti: ~:~4! ~!~!~!~4l

lie

to tell a- (against sb.)

telling -s

""

: y~¡

life to take a - other than for a ­ -span lifeless light lighten

"Their torment shall not be -ed " (HQ -2:86) to - the torment limb limits

85


"And Jhese are the~ set by Allah." (HQ-2:230) lineage

to slander sb. ~' ­ livelihood loan

/o contract a (mutual) ­ loin

l.

.

.

~ ~ ...i ._L. ~. <..,?·~

~.~.~~.-., ~·· '-'..r . ~ . <JJJ

(0:<~) L>:;l~

t.'W\ ~ ! 0J.Jlll

-cloth

)j]

Lord, the Lot

w-aJ

~J!

":-'..rJI (?~\ ~)

.l:ljl

lot

to draw a - to draw -s lote tree love

to -for Allah's sake lower

to - one's ga::e

4.lll <}

'-:-'-"'-;!

~ ~~~

to- one's eyes in dejection Lucifer

~!

Luke

Ujl

lunar

r.;.rA

the - <:alendar - eclip.•;e

lust lustfully luxury

(<:?M') <f_,...sll f':!_,i:il1 u~l

(~4-) 0~ 0~

,.l-i.J!

uJi


M f'I)All ~.>A

Madonna Magi

<..>".J-+4

magic

~\

magiciar.

j:>.L.......

Magog

~.H>L.

( .,.;L.3 r: .r.-4

Gog and~

i.r'J-+A

Magus

Llii

maintenance majesty Makkah Makkan ~chapter

the

~

~li"rJI

Sanctuwy

~ : .;

malicious

._ '.

~ .I...L.:Io

~

malice '\!1;,

!

~\ ~'-?""" !

~J.).o ! ..,...., ..>ll

mandatory

~~

manipulation

'":'.li!~l

manners good~

'-:-'Ji

j)\.:..~1 f"J'&

noble~

manumission

manumit

Jjh

._'!j}J\ ...>:1~

!

(J#)I) ~

(~..1~\

u-a)

J~!

!

J.JA-:

!

~

87


~ting

ofslaves

j)l jl:ic) l j:ia.ll ~ljj!

marriage exchange~

; ~by exchange

tt.s.l

_;LL.;;

~portion

~proposal ~contract

(:i,.;)l!)

to propose

~

to go for~

~

to make a proposal of~¡

~

(to sb)

to annul~

~

cl_,Jll~

~Jl ~ J.l.bj) ~ \ 4J~

married

\ ~JJJ..c

(~\.rJI ~J

marry

[JJ:i

"Do not~ unbeiieving women." (HQ-2:221) to~ a girl (to sb)

{'~"~'

! ~ !

[sA

\ : ;;fo.!l) '.utsy::...Ji lp5.l>"i./

(L..

~} Wi;JI CJ.H

~

martyt" to die a

~;

to be ~ed

~ o.l~!.l~i

martyrdom

Mary ~the

Virgin

masturbation maternal

-uncle ~aunt

-relatives

88

(~'.l:!J-!1

.;:i.: ~~ [l_?.l) yu.â&#x20AC;˘:;.....:.rl

~"' ~ 6-4 J\__.j,


(~ ~~I ~I J.,...; ~i) ~

Matthew the Gospel of­

maturity

~

tJl:JI

~

J.;;.JJ

: ~\ ~ ~~

Mazdaism adherents of-

0">-?-4

J...;J

mean "He said, 'Would you exchange that which is meaner for that which is nobler?' " (HQ-2:61)

•• ~ _,>. (,?.i.l4 ~~~ _,>. (,?.i.ll 0}~1

Medinah the - Sanctuary

Jl.i"

(i \ : •_fo.ll) c..?.+ll )J : ~.;_J.i.JI ~.l.A.ll ~.l.JI ~ _p..ll

Medinite

..,......1.4

-chapter

meditate (on)

meditation (on sth.)

menopause

menses

in - ; in a state of­

She got her -.

-bath

menstrual -course

menstruate a -ting ·woman

menstruation mention

(.)) Y.~! ~

(LA ~ .)) Y..ll\1 : ~I

t tlii.'l ~ ~~! u4.PJI

~I

~\.:..

.c;lyJI ~\.:.. '

~~~

(~lji~4~)~ ~ ! ~ o.J_,~! "'.)

~ ~w..

~~!~\!~\

.;..-Sj : o.;Wj : ~~ 89


to make

~

of (\路b.)

(Li)U) (~! .ull

Merciful, the

,.t.-1

..r-S~

(.)4)

~"'

mercy M~

envelops sb.

~)lo~

~!G.-

merit ~ ?

met em psychosis

A.:JA

y ~~ JL...::. ':.rl (.ji

messenger Messiah, the

i

"'lti.ll J J;!.li:i.l\ ~

meritorious

路what act is mosl

~,;31

~' J.J-'-"_;

(J~\ ~)~~~I:~\ ~

(.)4 4Jt:A:i...1) CIJ}JI

~Li:i: ~~

(~~j:WY,..'J

Michael

J:.l~' J~

midday

' ~I

middle finger

~.;.il~"/1

j-~: IJ~

mighty migration

~~

minaret minimum ~quantity

Ll._>$: o~

miracle misappropriate misappropriation miscarriage mischief to make :'>pread~

90

J..i:!

!

~l ~\.. i'\~1 ;.~ ' ~ r~l

JL....:i....l

~;.L...j: 1..>"~1

~4-::-l

: bU...!


~- maker/~-

.,

doer

)

misconception ~s

Ao

f'.}=U. .)~

about Islam

miscreant

!"

f''::)....,':J\ J_,.c:.,~

.l.iU : .>.!~

: ~ : ~4

:)L.s : J.-.-.-1.! ~I

~ ~.

misdeed

~~~

miserliness miserly

~~ ~j.;! ~

misguide

~

Mishnah

(J._H.:1ll J.ic. ~~~ r:Jl.alll yt:i.S) t:WI....JI

misfortune

~

mislead misinterpretation missionary

J=ju *"..,._. : ~ *"..,._.: ~ ,._,....

ci.J.!'t:i

!

'.$~ ! ~

!

~

~activity

mistrust mock (at sb.)

4.;!

w.bJI ,_..,._.

(La~),..s~

mode modest modesty modification

~~~~~~~lfo ~:~~,.~~~~~ ~!

J:.a:i

modify to~

the abominable with the help ofone's hand monastery monasticism monk 91


~,:ill b~ ! ~,:ill

Monotheism

~,..! <i~.J3.

Monotheistic

Islam is a~ religion.

·¥--.#\.)c.

~li

..J:!.) ~'jl

~~~~~

moral ~)U.! .,r~l

~depravity

).j!.:...bl..h:...il

~ ~~~

morality

Jl. !

~1;.;.,i

~i

morals public~

~L..II yl.l'JI

t...J.\:

morsel

~

~offlesh

~offood

mortgage Moses mosque

the HolyM~

i'lp.ll~l

~1.1! ~1.;

mount

to help a man with his~ mourning

~b ..)

J.;..)\ 0:!":! Jl~! J\..~:o.l

in - ; a woman in ~

.:,.l_;.

muezzin

(C"~IJi~l ~) ..l.4.:lo..4

Muhammad

~~

musk

the smell of­

W.......!~

Muslim

the general ~s -Brethren

92

.cl.......\1~.)

~~~Lc

._;yok.JI

Jp.'jl


muster

"And remember that one day you shall be ~ed before Him." (HQ- 2:203) mutilate

mutilation mutual ~

~~~

("·'I": oj.;.ll) !

'·uJ_;.h:i "-;!]\ ~11_,..J.cJi

(~1 ~~i ()A~~ ~ Jl) t ~ . -~· ' ( ~~'L) .t·~ ·:. ~~ . r.r- . v----:1 (~~) JJ~4ill

JJJ.:l4

COJISU{talion

-imprecation mystic mysticism

93


N

naked

~J~! }-~

narrate

.!;,~! tiJJ:

,)'b.

~d

to us.

~L.:G-1.-'>

narrator

JIJ

chain of-s

.lL.i....J

the biography rif the

~

..; 31)1

~'

nation

the Islamic

4Ji

~'J.......'j.\ 4,.;.1;;1

~

national

.......~

nationalism

~;9

natural

- disposition'impulse Nazarene

~,~

:

(o~\.i.ll

_)}

~) t.i~u CJJ~

necessity

N- knows no laws.

.w\->~1

&. WI_)J_;...Q.l\

forced by (absolute) 足

~

needle needy the~

neglect

W.P.\:i::...J\ \ 4WI

JJj !

W;SL..JI ~! .tlji;

to -prayer negligence 95


oY......a.\1 <2!J..

~ojprayer

wilful- ofprayer New Testament, the:

.lA.C

(.)"~\ 1.:'\:is.ll .:,...

<21 y

<:r •Y......a.\1

._,..i.ili ~\) ..l:l~l ~~

(~1 ..::.4\:is.ll

r..l!i

~ 19 :lliJ

niche

"':'\~

night

late - -prayer

~I ;;)l....:.

late- -meal

_;~l

the last - - hours

~~

theN- ofGrandeur/Decree theN~ Journey

_)

(to Heaven)

~ I >--""'jl

Noah

(r::L..l1 ~) cJ--i

~'sArk

c~~

~~

non-Arab non-Muslim

a

­

..l.....ill dJ.J

~.;#-

~subject

~:,

-.:1.-: .e. r..r.:• J'/ : I..>:. .IlL• ...,--

non-religious

A

...Li

nose

the tip of the

u}:JI ~)

~

notary public

JJC.'-:'-'1.S

nought

"tr"'~

noxious

"Avoid the seven~ things." (P7)

null

96

f

<'Ji.l\

•.:i.:Jl....::JI JL..cYl wh.;.::.

The good deeds were brought to ~.

-things

J:'""

~.JA ( ._a.,-->"'•

f

J:!.:J: ~: ~,?j.JA! ~

~.i::>.)

-

'.w\.i,.....\\ 1~ -- I' .r--'1 C"'""'"' w~y.


~and

void

to make sth.

J-b4 ~and

~~~

void

to make the actions (if a person~ and void

J,....ll~

~

nullification

.. _,..a_,ll~

-ofablution nullifier ~s

offasting

r- y-:JI

-s cifprayer

o')L...,JI

nullify

to- one's (good) deed\· Numbers

..::..J\..4. ..::..J\..4.

~~~~~ (cJUI) J,....ll ~

oiJji.ll JU....\ 6A &1)1

..>i-11) JJa.ll ~ ('(";!.all¥~"

nun nurse

a wet­

~~J .L.,..Q..)AA ~_}4

97


0 ~:~

oath

an unintentional­

_,_.i.l ~

afalse­ to take an-

to take a solemn ­

~

~

to fulfil an-

4--:: Ub.,; ~

Y.:l )

an - ofallegiance

Y.:l

~'::J_,ll ~

to break one's ­ obedience

forms of­ obedient

-servants

i,>"""IJll ! .(1~ J..c) ~1_,!1

~J.foa !

obligatory

It is- to (do sth.)

-prayer

observe

to - the fast ofRamadan observance

0"'

u'-!_,:&.ll 1 :t..o_,_j..JI ) 4..:#1 o)l...JI ~

obscene obscenity

~IJ

~f.\~

!

~ !

!

~\.!

.!A.;

!

!

f-lj~

f-lj~ ?'":}.!.

(t.. 4.)) ~jJ}: : ~ ?'J:i.l: : ~ ~ ! "-""'--'=

u~Jr-~

(t.. 4)) ~Jb

religious -s obstruction

99


"If a ny- stops me, my destination will be where I am obstructed " (P1J

•·~~..r • ·ts....i

nr

· ~t.:.. ~.3, (U;~

occult

l.j.J'W' : ~~ ! ~

-sciences

~~ !

4.!1yJI

!

Fl

odd

-number offering

an -for sacrifice offspring

L:_,j:~

Oft-Forbearing, the

(>.~! .ull ~t..o....l &4)

Oft-Forgiving

(~1 .Wi ~t..o....l &4)

Old Testament, the

'->"~1~..:~\.:isll &4 J}JI ~1) rz..liJl ..::.1~1

{.F

~Ji ~..1-*-' .:.4ts ~ ~l!IJ

(r~~~~~~~uH

omen

JU

good­

bad1ill­ to see evil- in things

~

Omnipotent, the

(~I .W1 ~t..o....i .JA) J..:;LJl

One, the

(~1 .WI ~L.o....I.JA) ~~~~

oneness

the - ofAllah

the - of the Lord

~~.J 4..\ll~lh_,

4.,;;.JL.JI

~_;,

a believer in the- ofAllah

onus

The - ofproofis on the claimant. 100

~J.j.....o: .,.~ • ..r.ll ._:,... ~ 4; j 1JI


opinion

(,fi,;

an independant ­

J~l

a (formal) legal­

<.H-.:ii

request for a forma/legal ­

.,~I

to request a formal legal­ deliverance ofa forma/legal­ opponent

the most contentious ­ ; the deadliest ­ ; the most rigid of-s oppress

~ ._;_,..._,l.l;...JI \ l"_,l.l;...JI

the -ed the supplication ofthe -ed

l"_,l.l;...JI >_,c.J

oppression

~

-from people

Jl;>.)l

oppressor

~

~u

t~~u~

opulence orator ordain

Allah has -edfor you.... ordinance

-of the wind

-s -sof!slam organ

male andfemale -s Oriental

~,)

:

t>~

:

.... rs.l ....UI f: _;.!; ~,) : .u.:... : u_,..1.i (Y)I ~y....1i ~I _;ill

I"';L...'JI ~

~ ._;\..;L.:ii...ll

~~

101


-studies

Jly!U...'JI

Orientalism

Jl~'il

Orientalist

~

originator

F-~

"0- ofthe heavens and the earth" (HQ-2:117) orphan

(' w : o.fo.ll) "lia.J~l_, ..::..1_,........!1 ~~·

orphanhood

c.r' ~ : _;A U:l:i

ostentation

F- W:. 'J\

ostentatious

~1J:i.4 ! ~ \+i.A ! __,. Ui:l.4

outrage

(to~\) 1!1~ ! F-1~\

outsider in the company of-s

over-garment overstep to -the boundaries set by Allah

ownership

102

:

.l

~

y.;L-;.1 J~Y. '-:'~ t..:. ': • ' Jl.:iJ-·JJ._ ' • b:i.. v---:·i.S


p ~~

pacing ~JL..o....JI

pagan

ul::.h4 .)ts : ~.;J... : ~J ~

palatalization

(W_,..>tsJI ~~ Ji 4414 voU.) .S.J:4

Papal

1"~1 JIJ

Paradise

V"JJ_)ll

!

1

~IJ,\1

-dwellers

to be admitted to

'

~

~\ J_;.~

~~~~

pardon

(~1 ....UI y\.4....1 &-) JLW\

Pardoner, the

.SJ~'-

parson

'.

partiality

~

~lj;. : -rj.:t..:i.o

partisan a Shi'ile

~

~~

!

~

!

~~

partisanship ~for

~~

oJo"')W...

!

'-r~

!

~~

!

~

:

~

Ahlui-Bait w!d...:~

partner to associate

~s

l.ll..l..ii.uJ~

with Allah

'-r~! ~.)

party pass to

~

wet hand<> over (.mcks)

to- wind

passion

(~1

'

.

LY>) h:!_; ~A

o~~ ~~: r.sY.

103


to give up one's sexual足

oi.....J~t.Y

'-i'il ~(>A

paternal -uncle -aunt paternity path the Right!Straight ?足

J-,1)2 ~I ~I_,.., \ ~I .11 y...:JI

~I

patience patient atlj.

..H"足

patient n.

~jA

patriarch

~..>.I.A

~::;J

patron Paul

.;:~\ ~\ ~ J.t'l....J 0~

UJi ~.ii) ~~ (J:!+.)'l

pauper peace to make - between --maker

(~~ o~t....... ~ ~ o.-) ~~: j.JlLA ~~l....d ~

penalty fixed-ties penitence to turn in- to Allah 104

e-'-足

~ ~Jl .biJl.ll

pederasty a woman of-

!

~~

pederast pedigree

(>A

J.......:!i:~ ~ ...::.,!.:,

;;1 yol

~~! ~\..)+! ~


penitent

1.:"-1'\:j

(~IJfll) ~I !J"".JA )...L..i

Pentateuch, the

~

penury

!

J-F-

!

4t.:a. !

~JJ:! ~

perceive

"But they do not~-" (HQ- 2: I2)

('": •.fol')

'·03~'1 l.{J3" ~\Jjl

perception

the power (~f­

·~

JI.Ht~

perdition HomeojP~

)~

)_,)1

~!~

perfume

to put on~

~~~ ~ _;-.:ii

period

the early - ofIslam the menstrual-

~I!

f'";:)......."j\

).l....o

• J3.lll ! ~-~' • J3.lll ! ..:......hll • jii ~I ~:

perish

May he~!

! .UL:j:i

perjure perjurer perjury

,,,)·6;

IJJj

..Jb:

~ ~ ~.;~jl.S! ~'I.a.! l.>Jj U,l~ ! ~.;~jl.S

Ub. ! ~jl.S ~! (j"_JAi;. ~ ~: JJjoJ~

permissible

-actions permission

save/expect by Allah~<>­ permitted

~C~!C~

A..:..y.JI

JL..c.~I ! ul:.y...ll ~~J:wj!

<llll o~J.-1 '1!

c~ 105


penitent

y....~'\.:i

(~IJfll) L.wl IJ""~ )...L...i

Pentateuch, the

~lj

clJ-1:11~

perceive "But they do

41.:1. !

~ ! j,JP !

penury not~-"

(HQ- 2: 12)

("' : opl)

'·CH~'-1

.:fJJ"

perception

cl\Jjl

the power (:if­

perdition

)_H!i..i....l...:i

HomeojP~

}~

},.11

~~~

perfume to put on~

~~~

~~

period the early - ofIslam the

menstrual~

r-":::).....'11

).l.....a

oJJ.UI! ~-~~ OJJ.UI! ~I ojii

~~

~!~

perish May he-!

! .UL.:j:i IJJj~

perjure perjurer perjury

~ ~ ~.:~jts! ~"1.:1.! lJJj U,lG..

! ~.:~.lts

Uh.

!

t:.lts ~

!

1..>"_,...;.;, ~

~I JJjoJ~

permissible -actions

permission save/expect by Allah~~­

permitted

.6....:c..,...........:c~

A..:..4-JI JL.c.~~

!

u6.4-JI

~~l:wj! 4]\ 0~!-1

'-lJ

c~ 105


perpetrate •

to -a crime

~fi"

..__,s:; .

perpetration

ulfll ~!J~l

persecution "P-is worse than slaughterlkilling." (HQ- 2:191) perseverance

J:!

(I '\I •

o.fo.JI)

".J;ill !)A

i.!il

~l_i ~~

persevere

~

perspicacious

o~l.liu

perspicacity

o~ljW

~~~!u~

perverse those who are ­

L.Jy.--L...lill

pervert "The transgressors -ed the word<; said to them entirely into a different thing. " (HQ- 2:59) pessimism

•... l u !"'"" U:f'

•• l l\, . ~~ 1.f ~~ J:!F. "•r ~ '-'"

.

(-''\ : o.fo.JI) <"_jl.!:ill : o~I : ~I

pessimist Peter

J~"

("'~!~

~~

,p

~~~ U=:J~I ..u.i) W"'~

&4 oo~:J+ll

J+all .) ~t....J ~~ ( ~~ (])...r.::..: J:+-.)'1

Pharaoh - 's folk/people

phonetic -rules ofQur'anic recitation

6.J-&-~

ur-s=-.) Jl ~~~~

•_,)Wll l'lS.:..I : ~_p,:;Jt rlS.:..1

piety

<S,...ti

pig

.HJ.i.i.

106


~u..

pilgrim

-garb

?'\y:.'j\ l.J"o!~

-s' guide

..._.~

~I

pilgrimage

- ceremonies

~~~li...

'Umra -- combination

~~

uniting- and 'Umra

0 1..r-il'

lesser/minor­

c~\

to perform the rites of the minor ­

(o ~~ -;J~)

Farewell P­

~

tb_,ll.L:;...:..

ta be on­

~

on-- state

r' J-"'"'I' &.s'.J

pillar

the P-s ofIslam

r-;;,......'1\ .:,IS) ( ,.L~...r.IL• ~I

pious

~

~~

l.l...:o.i) ,.:i:i ~ "£­

pithiness

rKJI t-"\..?.

-oj.~peech

plaintiff

(~-r~l~)~~

pleasure

~J~ .:,I~J

to win A1/ah's ­ pledge

a- in hand

a - ofallegiance

....U\

Jy.:a J

"l.i:i,l

!

....U\ ~-' "l.i:i,l t)j.J! ~

p.....:a~) ol.\J ~

to give a - ofallegiance

a solemn-

to take a solemn ­ 107


pliant

to be~

..;)~: 0-\~

plunder v.

~~~

plunder n.

...l.....· .. • . ":'+-'

poll tax

~~~ ~ ~J-1.

polyandry

~IJ}il J.a.::i

polygamy

(~l.Jftl J.a.::i Ji) .::.4-JJll J.a.::i

polygyny

.::.4-JJll

J.a.::i

~~\J.a.::i:\!1~

polytheism polytheist

1!1~

poor-due

oWJll

to pay the­

olSjll <)Y..

Pope

4411

pork

~jllil ~

portent

;,....~: ~

P-s of the Hour/P-s ofthe Day of Judgement portion

~L....JI .bl~i

i

~~

marriageportraiture post-natal ~bleeding

.>-:!~\ ~J':i.,ll

yk. : oJ':i.Jll (.)"Lull

poverty

abjectpower

108

~

r-J

.>-ii ~JA_rii

~ ..).li

: i ...t-i


"Allah has full- over everything." (HQ 2: 106) power of attorney practice

to put a hadith into ~ praise v. praise n.

to exaggerate inprayer

combination cif­

(;;)l....,ll .)) ~I

/ate-night ­ to spend the night in ~

~I;;'Jl....,.

'

. '?

­

''l

on:foumey ­

ji..JI .) ;;)l....,ll

rain-invoking­

.,l.i...:i.,..,';/1 li'Jl....,.

missed-

eclipse­

:t;j\j ;;'Jl....,.

u _,.....;...!1/u_,....s11 ;;'Jl....,.

forenoon­

~lo'Jl....,.

optional­

r..... _,b:ill ;;'Jl....,.

- for divine guidance

&)..;..J.....':/1 ;;'Jl....,.

-of invocation

u _,.;ill "l<:..l

to perform the -s

;;)l....,ll

to be steadfast in ­

;;)l....,ll ~ y.\;.1 >.!

-at its appoointed hour

4J!_,.! ;;)l....,ll

-leader

voluntary ­ to lead the­

<.;.l'J.:.

(;;)l....,ll .)) ('L.j

t

_,..b:lll )

Jill I ;;'Jl....,. ~~

('-':!

109


~niche

congre::;ational ~s

to ::;ive the call to the

-~

~rug

~for

rain

ohligatory -~s

~j&JI

supererogatory ~s to shorten one's negligence to neglect

;;;t,..:JI

! ..::A,j&JI

~ _,l.:;JI } :USliJI wl _,LJI

" . '-:? 1) (~

~

of~

')l...,

<\.J

-.r'

' 足 )~

$->-'

;;:::L..,JI

~

;;:::L..,JI

wi(ful negligence qf ~

estahlishment

of~

to estahlish ~

~if

~

Y-:!

;;:::L..,J\

~;

;:::L..,JI

?UJ

;;:::L..,JI ~

He led us in the

midday~.

to proclwm the time o{

~of imprecation

against sh.

L. ~ ._.Jc

~ lc...lll

dawn~

r.-iJI o)l...;.

midday~

~~ ")l...;.

late-aftemoon sunset~

evening funeral~

preach preacher religious~

precedence

110

~

~I ;;)l...;.

y_;LJI :;)l...;.


~of the

L!~'JI ~~ J..;,.\li

believers

~

precept

, ~~~

~~u Jll~

predestination

J:.WI ~')......'jl J,.iLA

pre-Islamic ~

-

times/period

~\_,J\

. .~

~paganism

~l:;JI

a trait of the

~period

~L:;J! ..y. ~~~

: J.,Ll.:i

u~l

prejudice

~~J,A~

prejudiced premonition

rl+ll'

prescribe

~_A:! J~

"Fasting is

~dfor you."

~I.A.

(HQ- 2: 183}

preternatural ~phenomena

prevent "Do not~ them from marryinf( their husbands." (HQ- 2:232)

~!~

". L!<~-?.i,) ~ 0 i ~ ~-;~.r

('rn: c,).;ll)

pride

~I

priest

~~u-J

principal private ~parts

front and hack ~parts

(D..l.lte

Jl

\:;:J

uJ.l:) JWI

~Y"! (...)'l\.,;.

r路J.ll

~

"jy.JI

)-'~\ 3

in

privily

U"\J

J.,ill

1-J---"'

;:.WJI .) :

~

!

i:r.. Ill


"When they- meet their evil geniuses." (HQ- l:J.I) •• ' -:11..:. ~·~

proceed

-ingfrom 'Arafat

wl.i y::. i.Y' ~1.!')'1

procession

~.,..

funeral-

to follow a funeral­

'OJ4 w,;.JI ~ ! ;; jl.i.,..ll

tAl

II .lli:: :

proclaim

to - the time ofprayer

6la:i

u.)J:!

procuration

procurator

.H~

prodigality

profanation

profanity

profess

to - to be a Muslim ; to -Islam profligate progeny prohibit prohibited prohibition prolong

..::.t......li.~l\ ~Jj

..::.L..~I ..:l\+U1:

t.-.4-':

~J

(1~) 6:/.l:l! ~ f'".::L.'I~ Ll:l.l:!

~:._;....ti:~ ~.)j

~ e~:?,~

r-:~ ~

to - the prayer

promise

to break one's­ prompt

112

)~

&->"" : II .;.,i : ~t.;-.


to be - in doing good deed<;

.:i...:JL.a.ll JL='14 J.l4.!

prompting

t-..._,..._,

pronounce

~:.;..~...a:~:llli::~

•e,I.:JY' J)l.hll

Divorce may be --d twice.

proof The onus of~ rests on the claimant.

~~ : ~: utA..>f: .::.~ ~.ll

e,... .)c.

~I

clear-s

propagation Islamic~

prophecy

~~.,)!

y!..i! ~_,_; ;;~.l,\1

~~~

prophet the family of the ?­

prophetic a P- hadith

the P- biography

proposal - ofmarriage to make a - (if marriage

prosper

prosperity in- and ad1•ersity

prostrate adj.

~~~;;~I

tlfol! ~~ ~ ~

~ f-W.)I ~ l r·;,.H, ~I y.JI ~

.l.:!-L.....

to fall-

prostrate v.

to- oneself prostration 113


to fall down in ­ -s offorgetfiilness

protection

to ask-

to grant full- of(said of Allah)

~

Protector

v'o.J-A

"Thou art our-." (HQ- 2:286}

('~'A"'

: o..fo.\1)

".IJ'J Y' ..::.,{\•

~'t.:i....:iJY.

Protestant

~

proud

-and conceited

~ ~~ ~LiAJI

Providence

Divine-

~1~\.WI

(~1.} ~ 0'1~) .!:=~

proviso

the - ofthe right of withdrawal (from a contract, a commercial transaction, etc.)

~ ) ~ .y:.. ~I jill -,?i) J\.:.iJI

( c....;.1\ ' """, J. 1..:..:;

Psalms, the

J.JtJll

U.Sij

pseudo

P-Messiah

J\.:;.~1 ~I ! J\.:;.~1

e~'

puberty

the age lo

~f­

~I

t >4JI j.u>

:

~~~

attain-

a girl who has not reached the age ofpubic

-hair shaving- hair -region

114

<.Y­

..a_,

'

_\

~II

. iY""'-' r <r

ta-w~~ ~WI~


public in-

publicly

i'L,e. ~)\.:. i I_)~

~~! 1.;"*

o.;JAll

pudenda pudendum

(~l.i:>ll "~~') oiyJI o.;.F

puff out pulpit

~

~~

punishment

talion足 discretionary 足

(~4 ~1_, ~4 ~1) "-""'~

.);!yu

ordained -s prescribed -s severe/the sen)erest足 pure

-companions purification

~iyl~ ~! JAtl=! ~

0~~1_,) ~: ~:

o.;lf.b

ritual - with dust -by stone puritanical purity pus

115


Q

Qabil

J..:Hli

Qarun

wJJi.i

Qiblalt

~I

Qur'an, the

wt,ijt

to recite the

~

01J.ll A ) J:i.J;!

Qur'anic

phonetic rules of~ recitation

~1) ~~~ l"lS..,..\

! 6_,)t;JI

l"lS..,..i

ll7


R ?\.i.b! ~

rabbi raiment

(..)'1\.:.l

"They are -for you. " (HQ - 2:18 7)

( 1 AV : :;

pi)

".~

0"41 .y."

Ramadan

()L.A...)

~!~~~~

rancour L.

to nurse -against sb.

.

•.,1'1~1

~

.),

-

-amongst Muslims

~\ u\j.)\....,.9

i!!W ~ ~~

ransom

"Andfor the

. JA'-"':!

~of slaves .... " (HQ-

2: 177)

(\VV : opl) ".... yU)I c)J"

(oiyJI)

rape rationale

y~l

~~~,l,rl~~

reasoning

~

independent­ rebellion

wifely­ recantation

(d.._,.J)I)

~~l:t:~l~l

:; SJ.:i ! J.::'_;

recitation

phonetic rules of Qur'anic­

~~I i"~i

! >J')GJ\

Jj.>.l

~~ ~) Ji.Y­ o_pti: :;~1)

recital reciter

('LS.:..i

fo.!

recite

to- a l'erse

j~

h.>..>\l

!

JjjA ! ~($_;,...

119


7he best ~ of the Holy Qur'an lead'!· the prayer. a ~of the Holy Qur'an reckoning

"Allah is .~wift at~." (HQ- 2:202)

('1' • 'I'

: ;j411) '.yL..:...ll &>'"' .WIJ

recline

~~

recommended recompense n. recompense

~ IJ-.:?.

:.;j~ ~ ~~\.S;

l'.

to- sb. for sth.

L. yl ..)c

(~~ 0:-:) ~! ~J:!

reconcile

"Delay them until they are

~ <.,?j~ ,i <>c)\S..;

~d."

reconciliation "{f they desire-.... " (HQ- 2: 228)

'.I~~ ~Jyhil

J:!"'" : ~~ : c...t....:, : ~~ : c')L..QJ ("" ,\ : • j411) •.... L:..Jl...:,) \3.;1)

~between l'vfuslims

~~

to redeem (oneself from sth.)

..:.,\.) ('_ Jl...:,)

• ~) ( \::..S (.)-4

rJhll~ "'' ~

to be -ed

4..l

fo: J ..>~

reflect

120

.

.

to ~grievances

refractory

J:i.L­

?~!~

redress

reflection

:.;

~~4~

red-handed

"Have you ever -ed upon the ca.<;e qf those hypocrites? "(HQ- 59: II) to- on

ur

(\ \

. "- 11) '.I -~ "L; l):! · jjl ~

1! ...,,

.I\" y - !""


refrain

(~) o,)Z:: ~~ ~~ ~

to -from doing evil

to -from harming others

~~we~

U:Y..'l'

we ..s~~~ ~ ~:4.lA

refuge

to take- with Allah (from sth.) to

take~

(l... yi ~ 0--) .ull: ~

in

..., j

_A;

to seek- in Allah to rush in search of- in Allah to ask A1/ah for ­

.ull: ~ ..ul\.:

I seek - in Allah.

regulations

.b.:\_~

l $.\_;i :

?~l

rehearse rejectable

a- hadith rejecter -offaith

uA-iiJ ~lJ!

-s offaith

)LS

~\.J)

relate

r,?J..H

relation

L;l)

foster­ relative release to- (one's w[fe) in kindness relent

Allah -s towards sh. Relenting, the

:\c. L..:o )I ~I _;!

(?!.::..}11 UA) ~) Cl>"'

Jlh:

ui..=.~ (~_,j) CY-'Y •~

• ' dJ-:1.

•.

X.

~

u'jj ~ .u\1 Y ~

(~1 ~I ~'-~i 0--) ":'l:,:;ll 121


relief

~~~)

relieve

.....i..b.:! t:<~

religion

C>-i~

6:1~4 .JAI..Ia:i..

religiose religiosity

e.;.Jll : 6:1~4 .JA IJQ:l.ll : e.;.Jl' ~ U~~'

U~Jll ~ fo.ll

religious

~I

( ti...J::l:i •. Ji~). . U1 ~!

-r y!:JI

~knowledge ~ceremony

!

..r:• .l

r-LJI

) • ( y 'L....;; ~·~

-endowment

(':?~)us_,

religiousness

~~

relish

JJ~

to~

the flavour/sweetness ofiman

,:;L...:,'1'

. . J':J..:,. t..iJ\1 ~.)

remarriage

-with one's divorced w~fe

~14Jjli.)J ~)1

·­

__....su

remembrance

Allah's ~

.aJ.\1

reminder

;_?j;j

~s ofgenerosity

remorse

... ':...1\

~

of what is injurious from the path

render

to - thanks to A 1/ah to- goodfor evil to- help 122

u.---JI .........; .. i ~ .• J •. tbL..o!

removal ~

y...S~

c1: _;hll

we ..s h' :U:.t...J (j~l ~~ .aJJ p..;;JI r~

.:;L...:,.'f'-; ;,~l...,)'\ Jili:!


renegade

~.1.1 ~.;t:i ! 9-Ift~ ! ~~..) ! ~.)oA ! J.;l..t

to become arenounce

~.>.l

~ ~

to- one's faith

!

~,AA! ~! ~.;)we-

¥=

.li.>.J

to -pleasure in worldly things repel "If A l/ah had not -led one set ofmen by another.... " (HQ- 2:251)

••••• ~ ~ U"li.ll..t..l.ll ~ ')[_,!J'

(" 0' : 0_fo.ll)

to- temptation

.,l_;e.)'l r-'~

repent

''And ifyou -, then you are entitled to

your principal." (HQ- 2:279)

t·epentance

Allah has accepted their-.

·~ ..t..l.ll ..,.,t:; .lll

to turn to Allah in-

..t..l.ll .))

'-:-'.I¥.

report

r,JJ..>:

Ibn Mas'ud -ed that ....

.. • • ..:) .;)_,........ 0;1

uc­

reporter

J1.; '

the - ofa hadith reprehensible

~

repress

to -anger repudiate

''And you- some." (HQ- 2:87) resident resign

~~~

.

....;~ ! ~ ! ..!.& ... ! ~

·-

~~

.~.11) • • •.r • t'J= ( "'V •• •o J"7'

,(!,

~

•~

··• UI:Ugg

~ JoA.l:i wJ.l.J J:i:! : ~ 123


to- oneself to the will ofAllah

.u\ o yi (_)A_,i: I 4..1.1 o yi ~

J4-->!

respite

toaskjor­

!

¥

J~~~~

w' ~ J.J-A

responsibility

R- for it rests on his shoulder.

•4.iic. <.} 4..it..l ..cll:l

restore

to- to life

~

~: Jji;:~

restrain

~~~

to - one's anger

R-- your tongue

&W~

I

d......l ~

restraint resurrect Resurrection

the Day ofretain

"A woman must be -ed in honour or released in kindness." (HQ- 2:229) retaliation

(Lt.;i!l

r.J: ...:.1J.}i1 .u11 ~) .~.,. 1.~ Lt.;i!1: ~~ ~4&JI i' J:! ! ~~ i' J:!

~~~~

·.wL.,.,..~ <:.!~) U.J_}1A! ~w

(H '\ : 'i. _fo..ll) yt:Al:.: y\_?..! ~~ (..)o'l~

retribution

the law of­ reveal

"What they conceal and what they -." (HQ- 2:77) The Holy Qur'an was -ed by Allah. revealed

the Earliest R- Books

124

I...)-OL....:.,ill

~~~

(YV : ;_fo..ll) '·w~l...J W.J~L.' 4.111 .tic. 0-< (':lfi.ll J;iJI

Jy

J~ .),~\ U::.......:J\


J:JZ !

revelation

..,.:~J

..::...L-.,;1 '.

to deny Allah's -s

41\1 wy~ y~

~ing

J~

(.)!)

revert (to)

to Sunnah

WI .,tp.)

The accusation will- to him.

~~l.ii.Y.....

?'\:! ~

revile

~\J

revocable

~IJ ~!

~divorce

t'?'IJ

revocation

J)lj, t~J

~of dii'Orce

J)lbll

L>"'

t禄

J

~;...! ~i

reward

to sacrifice sth in anticJj)afion of Allah~'i ~ in the Hereafter

41\1 ~ .,~1

rib ...,.Uljlil

backbone and ~s

~ljli\3~\

~

rich

~\

richness R~

does not lie in wordly good\路.

~deed'>

righteousness ring

to wear a~

LP

~\ ~

~1....:2

righteous

in the company of the

.~yJI >)S

~

().!=JUI t:" wb.ll....:J\ t~I!HI ~.iL.i.

~

125


('4 ('~lr _;.4iJ ~! e~l y.l.l"l..} 0~

rite

s~

r-itual

to perform the Hajj

~s

c;:-:JI

W

"those who set up-s to Allah" (HQ-2: 165) ~m

(' 'io

: ~_fo.JI) 'l.li..l.il

.u!l

0J.J

0-> ~ 0->"

~~~ f"

(HQ- 58:11)

robe Ihram ~

rope

to give sb. ~

Allah gives them ~enough.

rosary ru~

the ~s ruling

jurisprudential ~s

126

..1....l.

;.,~j..I:Lt;,... <.j.l>.J

rival

"Make-

!

(' 1 : :i..bl.:::uJI) '.vJ\.:::uJI (~i,..;.J.l) ~IJJ

(oly.ll) ~ly.'fl 0"4l ~

y _;\.ill .).::. J:..::..ll 4.J ~ 1 .lA:!

(04i1JI .}) 4.Jll rA.lA:! ~~~

~ y':il y~)

~ ~ ~I..S..:.i


s

: (<.S.;l.Ai.l\ ..l.is;:.) ~'11

Sabbath

l

(.l~l ..l.is;:.) ~~

~~J ~~ ~

~\_ro.

sacred

the- month

!

elb:i.~' ~.J: '-'"'~ ! ~~ i'lyJ\~1

Allah has made your blood~ lo one another. to be to

. p~L...) ~ f'~ 4.111 0)

a- hadith the S- Monument

i'lyJI~I

~~

sacredness

~

sacrifice

birth足 ~1

-meat the DayofS-

y.l\1 i'~

sacrilege

.::..L.yo..l\

safeguard

S- the Commandments ofAllah

l

..!)~\ !

..::.t.....li...U\

~J:i

.l:..b::!

6~

! 4.111 .hi::..l

saffron sagacity sake

for Allah's-

I

sale

127


absolute~

~~

earnest-

L.JyyJI ~

optional~

~at

h;J\.,

·~

j,

a profit

~lyJI~

barter~

~\.WI~

public­

o~lj..JI ~

simulated-

( 4.b..J:ill .

- -'1 0'" • "II ~·) i.,?.J~

vain-

J1>411

contract of­

~lm....o u.a~l! &4-l\1

salvation

to achieve/attain ­

~

the sect which achieves ­ Samaritan

4\.i!l :i.iyJ1

o.JAL..JI ~ &a ,_hu"i->""1 ..;: .u.l) ~_lo4L..JI (4.:i.l~

..,3! o...aj

~.lJO~J ~~ ~

.,r.:>.: !

sanctify

No-one can- anybody before Allah. sanctimonious

~,.)A

:

..u.1

c~'J

~:A:

!

(.)"~

.ul\ ~ ~5:.'13

-s;i:il4 ~~ : J9t.i..a Lfo: ~.li

sanctity sanctuary

~~

~.;-~I~ ! ~ :

(.)'I.a.. uts.. : j~

: ~:;:..

the Makkan S­

~l('_r:JI

the Madinite S­

~.l.JI (' _r:JI

to grant - (from) sand

-ablution sandals Satan 128

(<.Y>)

~

J..,.:Aj


Saul scandalmonger scarcity (~)~

scent schism

Jl:W ~ ~ ~1;.

scholar Islamic

~s

~~~We.

a religious~

~~

L..J.l.A ! 'i ._Fj y& l..

school a religious ~of thought

y.Ji.

the Jour religious ~s (if Islamic

jurisprudence

scribe "Let a~ record if with equity as between the parties." (HQ- 2:282}

·=·

( '\'A'\' : &y-:-11) 'J.la.ll... .......Uts •

('""":"' ~ • ~ J

-<; ..

Scripturary

'\:iS -r. ~ ! ~JLA.... y:>s

Scriptures the people ofthe ~s a chapter £?!the ~s

yts.l\

J,..Al

tl.:......aJ

Scrolls

~~

seal

~

"Allah has ~ed up their hearts." (HQ-2:7)

(Y ; ~fo.ll)

F' .bp.. .>#­

·.~_,!!..,.~c. .W\

seamless secede seceder the

"

S~s

, 4JJAJ

!

--~· ! (~J ~) ,•.o.,. ~ ~ -<.r ~.,;--;

J~lA

!

(~J ~ ~) ~ c:;:)_,:.,l\

129


t!y;.! ul.S:jj:,l

seclusion to go in/into ­

~

J3Ja.:l!

.

secret

r.i->-""

in­

IY-"! ~\.;

(4i=.1)

sect

~'U::!

~'U::!

sectarian

~illllll

sectarianism secular

r.i~.l!""'"'..o.k:.

~J:-i.lll

secularism

!

~t.Ja.ll

r.i~!

seduce ~I.,P!

seduction

!

+'I~!

!

rJJi:

~~~

seeing the faculty of­ seek

~!4!~

to- Allah's pleasure

.oJJI .o...;.._,

to - sb. 's advice

~

to- the help ofAllah

...m.,~

~~

self-discipline

¥

self-restraint

:11 i,.):l-! · ) '-':!J'"" • .~~1\ ( ~.JY

••• n ~'U .....- .J:

(t...;: v,. sepulchre sermon to deliver a­ 130

u-J..lll ~~

~

ojlbetween the spouses

Septuagint

!

~1¥

separation ~

~

J

t.u.• y-)

~~ -- .

~-~~ L4,ll.l;;.

ol .;,.... -~'' t.u.. y ­

v,. 4-T ~1l (':!Jill (~) ~.l+

~J~~.,..~~

~


to give sb. a ~

.1;__,y

set

~

to ~ things aright

-L -· '• ?'3i:l • ·• c_---::

to ~ an example to~

~yy...Q.;

i.:.l~l....u~

up equals to rank with Allah

sever

~

one who -s the bond of kinship

~)l~t!

sewn clothes

~I

sexual

~

a~act

"In the ~act ofeach ofyou there is a charity." (P1) to fulfil one's- desire

tL...:;. (~y;; ~h)·.~~ rSh1 ~ .}./

shade shameful

('-JA:w ~ ~

a- sin

&. y.i~

shed

~ ~ J...+.~

to~

blood

to~

tears

1>\..,.l.l\~

t_,...:tll u.;~ ~I.J·~J\

Shiah shield n.

"Fasting is a-." (PT) shield v. Shiism

~

(~~~h)

".4 ?'~\" ~~~ ~ •.l'tl\ ~:w

Shiite n.

~

shiitic adj.

~

131


shoulder shroud n.

6-.i.S

shroud v.

~ .)~

to be -ed in sth.

~~

shrouding shun

J-i+.l

to -all abomination sign

.?. )1

..)'?+.l

J:lJ : ~i : oJ-...i : ~ ~t....Jil.ly!.1

S-s of the Hour

w~w\,;1

manifest/clear -s

signal

-victory sin

"He does not incur any-." (HQ- 2: 173)

It is no -for you.

a grave颅

~~

~~~~~j!M

('Vi : :O.fo.ll)

路.~ ~):".;l!"

路~~)'J

~y.i~

major-s

'LS Y.

the gravest ofmajor -s

yi4SJI

fi.l

the most grievous ofthe grave -s

yi4SJI

fi.l

fo'J

........;~

a much -ning servant (of Allah)

grave/mortal -s

an unpardonable颅

sincerity

"A true religion is- and well-wishing" (PJ) sinful

132

~! u-=~l (~Y:. ~~) --~~ 0,!-lll"


.... () J:J.) ~'i

It is~ for a man to ....

M~~~~

sinfulness

~~! ~~

sinner

sinning

~Lb.=.

a much~ servant (ofAllah) sky

the earth's ­

t,.i.l.ll~~~

slacken (ofl)

I.S",~~~~

slackness

~ .jlll ! ~ U:i.ll

slander n.

.~ : ~WiJ ! ;.Jji

slander v.

, -~' :. ~~~!U.Ia::!

slanderer

......

t~! . "='.......

·.ru· '

• •

'

~

'

~and backbiter

.;.......

.,. -.

¢YJ~~

..,-Jl~l

slanderous ~fabrication

.,lfol~

slaughter

~~~l.i

slave

~

a- girl

~}-?

a fugitive­

tY.i.l;C

slavery slide (back)

(.:;_; J~!

c:.;::. ~~~ .;~

'-'"'w: ~

slumber sober

~_)

! JJ.J !

sobriety

ta1....::1J

!

sodomite sodomy

W:IJJ

).iJ ! t.ljJ

(tA.JiJ .) iil.J41 ~ t.!..:..Wl ~.J4) ~.jl

(t...HJ

w.a oij411 w~ ) .bl.Jl 133


solar eclipse solemn

!J J+

solemnity

t.:J+

J.J~.J

! i

Jl.9,,

Solomon

(I~JI ~) <.)Ly.l...

soothsayer

04 t.s ~ J~ ~

sorcery sorrow

ui:,P ~

s~,

u.....i,

t.l.l..i

soul sound a~

hadith

a good and~ hadith

sovereignty

c-;..~~~.u. .l.lj....t !

.::Jfo i &.:..

"And Allah bestows His- on whom He will." (HQ- 2:2-17) the - of the heavens and the earth

span a hand's _,

If he draws near to Allah a hand's ~,

.ull

\~)

Allah draws near to him an arm's length.

speculation speculator speech indirect~

Indirect - is a safe way to avoid a lie. pithiness <if~

spendthrift

134

~)Ju

.y.lSJI <)C ;i_;,._,.l.W ~Jk....ll .) 0)

~\ C"\.?.'

.._.~


sperm

• r.; ~ 6 \ .;pt.

spermatozoon sperm-drop

.

~!L•

'\JioQ.l

;,;fo CJI.;p. ti.hi

spirit

C,.JJ

Allah's S-

spiritual

....UI (JJ

.r-JJ: 'J"'~.JJ ~..i;i

spoil to ~et

~~t

~

spoils spouse

4Jj! [Jj

spurious a-~

'

text

.;.;:;. !

....y:;,.

JJY) ~j.o ~

spy

to -on others

0:Lft'Jl .)c ~

squandering

.4';l\ .H.

staff

~

A4oses'­

(i"~l ~) <.S'""Y' l..a.c

stance the S-

~\.l. <~(A braham

star state of consecration

(i"~l ~) ~lyl i"l.i.

(f~.;S"»Jl -f'~ ~ ~~ ~J) ~

'i\

~I _r-::..

station A braham's ,)'­

~\.l. (1'~1 ~) ~\)!\ i"l.i.

w.s;U

statue personal·~

status

~\ Jl_,.,..';/1 L;,_iti ~ _;.;...

: t..LS... 135


the

~

~~~~.} ;;1_;-JI ~l.S...

of woman in Islam

-:..;\!:~

steadfast to

remain~

(to sth.)

( L.

1 1~)

Y'~

wi .ii...w .. ! r-­

(~JJll U:l Ji ~Jjll U:l)

stepchild

Y::1J

(~Jjll ~ J\ ~JJll ~) ~J

stepdaughter stinginess

J.¥1

! ~~ :

J./,.,11

stingy store in~

"A painful doom is in (HQ- 2:174) straightforwardness

~for

them. "

straightness

~U:;....\

(~\_,:;.....'JIJ ~U:.....'J\) JI~'J\

4:ill..::2: ~

strait

~

straitened to be

in~

circumstances

:i...JL. (~ . -

u J~ .\:.

) .~ ..

.Y':'

stray v.

~

to~ from

Allah's path

....nl

~uc ~

.a.4

strive to~ in to~

the way(?! Allah:for Allah's cause

against

Subduer, the

(~1 ~~ ~t.......i 0-a) J~l

~_):

sublime -morals submission submit

136

rt....

~0h ~\

:

~·J.••ikl'i\

~l.:P~


"0 Mankind,~ to your Lord." (HQ- 2:21) I- to Allah's power.

sub-part

('1'' : 0_fo.ll) ·~J l_,.l.!C-1

l.)"li.ll

•....UI ~J r.; Y' I u":> _,il

(?=fil' ui.Jll u.o) ~.;~Ja.

successful, the successive to fast two - months

~

.JIJl.t ~ Jl:i:i.. ~ ~l:i:i.. '

0:!,!lt1i.. ~~ r~

suckle ''Mothers shall- their children."

(HQ- 2: 233)

tt;lt,t

~Jl (H'T': s_fo.ll} ·.t)A.l'l_,l._:,.......;:..>.! ubli_,JJj

~W2)1

suckling

~~I

Sufism suicide

Jb:UI

to commit­

A

suitor

t ~I~

i ~Jii:!

([IJJll l.;lll.b) ~

~I

Sun nab prescribed as -

...

Sunnite superfluity They give away in charity the - oftheir wealth. superfluous that which is ­

,

4r"""' 4WI r:p

oJl:fj

t ~ t ~

~1_,..1 J~ 0_,;~ 4WI r:p JJ\j (~\ill) _,.J.JI

supererogation

J1W,ll

supererogatory

J..l.i

-prayers -deeds

t _,b:ill ;)l...... ~

Jil.ll S)l......

J-il_,l

137


superstition

Uljoi.

suppliant

~\.1

supplicate

~~e~

to -for sb. supplication

U)W e~

: .;.....~ : Jl.HI ! *'~..~ 1 ;~..~

Beware of the -ofoppressed I

路r~' ;;_,e.~

"Jl

the S-s

.JL...,

(~I ~\ *'1.4....i iJ.4) ~I

Supreme, the

the- Deity

('1' o o

suspicious

-things

to leave - things

to indulge in - things

sustenance

Y..i

: ;; )..11) '. J:l.illl ..,WI

.)l...:i~l

surrender

"Whoever -s himselfto A 1/ah in obedience.... " (HQ- 2:11 2) suspicion

s;1

IJJ~1: ~

supporter

''He alone is the-,the Exalted" (HQ-2:255)

_,....c..l,!

("'I': oJ..ll) ".... ~ ~-' rL--i

~ ,y. ,).;'

cl..!.U .,>.{;.A

! l.:li..JA

-::.,~

w~l ,y.~i..S~

w~l;)~

JJ;J! ~j

to begfor one's 颅

~

to provide -for

(j'jJ:

swear

to- by Allah swearer sweet basil

138

~!...&b.: ~4~


swerve to~ from

swindle swine

the Right Way

~,.,_,...~

(~~I,J ~\f:'il) ~J:UI

J::!~

swineflesh

J::!JWI~

synagogue

(~) ~I 1 JMI J.;U

synod

clerical足

<r""'"l..Q ~ ~~F.

139


T taboo

~~~ .Jfo.- ~ ~~~

~~

tale-earring

(~;':il) ~t....i

tales of the ancients talisman talk idle~

Talmud

JU_, J.!i ~J.Jf:lll ~~IJ ~~~ ~~) .1Jo4llll

~

task to take (sb.) to ­

4..i _)J! "!\ u,j~ •

I~ <.r'

(l.i')U)

~,....~.wb., • •

t....,JJ;.,..

tatooed

4-4~

tax land-

i:::\_)-l...

poll~

~...).:?..! i:::l_p.

teeth

()W...i

premolar~

temple temporal

rJ~.I

tempt

rJ~

to seek to - sb.

temptation

"We are only a-." (HQ- 2:102) term

!

r;.7-=

.l_,I J-:!

,.1~} ! ,.I,F} 1 ~

(' ·": ofo.ll)

·.~ ;.)::...l

WJ"

.~...Ai! ~i 141


"for a- appointed" (HQ- 11:3) for a stated­ "When they reached/fulfilled their - .... " (HQ- 2:234) "When their waiting- expires.... " (HQ- 2:234) testator testification

the Two T-s testify

One ofthe pillars ofIslam is to- that there is no deity but Allah and that Prophet Muhammad is His messenger. testimony

('" : .ly\) ·~

J:?-1 ~r

~~~~l

(""'£ : o.fo..ll) '. ...w.11.J

~ tjj.i"

('<n : o.fo..\1) •.••• Wf41 ~ ljj.i" (,.)II,J.A

u ...+Ji ul:i.l~~

~

J, ~~ 'J) .UJ 'JI o.l~ r"J-'II -:,IS.) 0-o ~~ J.,....;l~

to hide/conceal (a) ­

o.l~IA

false-

J_,Jll o.l~

text

the - ofa hadith Throne, the tidings

glad/good­ a bearer ofglad-

to give glad-good- (to sb.)

tilth

"Your wives are your-." (HQ- 2:223} tithe

142

(""'" : o.fo..\1) ·.~ ..!.~..,>:>- p.:,w ~


~it~

token tolerance

t:-t....:i

tolerant

t:-L....:W

toleration

t:-t....:i ~~~

tomb

from womb to­

~I.)J ~~ 1)4

uW

tongue

A pilgrim should keep his- a!Jainst lies.

...,.,~,

we ....,;W u•.:; ~) <:::WI

.)c. ~ il~1

Torah

~t

topple

"Is there anything that -s people on their faces into Hell-Fire other than that which their tongues have incurred?" (PT} torment

':1) ).lll .} ~Y?'.J .)c. (.)"\.ill ~

-AI

JA..,·

('-':Jyt ~.),:,.) •• ~~ ,ljl...o..:..

a dreadful­ trade trading traditionalist

-s traditionary

('-':Jy!'JI ~.l.:J4 e,_,li:j..!Wl ~w.JI)y~\ JAI

.).;t:-

t !lfil~ t

.,w t ~~~

traditionist trait ~

tranquil

The soulfeels- about sth. tranquility

.1~.))-.,..lill~

~'Wall

t

~~

T-descends upon sb.

143


transaction

-s transgress

..:.,)L___..\­ !

jJ~! ~

~! ~~! 'i~

i

~ ~ i

transgressing transgressor

I

.

! ~ i ~~, ! ~~~~

jJl:j.:i

L " . 1 L •"

JJ~. ~

,jj,<:: • ' L !...:. • I '~• • . ......--· .. ~. :>-­

'

~l..! ~~

transmigration -ofsouls

CJ_}j

~ y..'J ~ 0'> 4}\.i:i.j\ )) r_l_,};ll ~lii -- .~~ll ' (

soul-

.

.

~~_);

~I ! r_I 3 }:JI ~lii

~lJJ!

transmission a chain of-

a concocted chain of­

.lL.iu.J

~ _,i

J.il.. .lli....)

transmit

~! 'iJ.)J

a saying -ted by tradition

J _J>"l.

J _,_!

transmitter with an authentic chain of -s

JIJ ~.lLi....J..!

._..-...ll

traversing treacherous to prove­

J~u ~

t.¥:

treasure

144

J~~ JU .)-iS

buried- sth. as lawful

v:u!

0~·J~

treachery

treat

Ji.l

jUJ

~! .~.I\ (~)6. ._ ...,......

..#-=! J..~ ~

• ) ~ L .)-1-l'Y


- sth. asforbidden

(l..ly.. ..,~\ ~) ~~ ~iy~\

trial

"We will surely put you to -by involving you infear and hunger.... " (HQ -2: 155)

' .... e:y:;Jl_, w~l 0A .. ~ ~}-:3J 3" (' 0.:> :

c._fo.ll)

to he put to tribe

the

~-s

t.$_ft:!~!~

tribulation tribute

L;J;:.

Trinity

-t.,jllill

the doctrine

of~

,",Jill\

: •"•Jiill

triumph

sixna!­ true

0---:!-!-" ~

~f~

the l- Relixion a~

~

c...hi..::JI · .l.ll • U:!

he/iewr

trust n.

to put one~\·- in God trust v.

one who is -ed

L·Lhl

trustworthiness trustworthy

a

narrator oltmditions

truth

~~ : 4..:

J.ii.JA !

~

;;,___;:; J\J J..l.o..Q!

4•.:h

/he sure 7:....

truthful

1-!5


a highly -person truthfulness T- leads to righteousness.

J~l

...rf' .)) '#~ J.l...All

try v. to be -ied (by Allah)

.JlN (.u!l ~

w.-) ~ t.~

turban turbaned

t.t..WI ;..$.)..

turn away

v:=~! c)~

turn one's back tyrannical a-ruler

146

.;4hl ..,l.JJ Jol'4- i 楼 '\..:.. .)-l.

路l.l:.L.. w

Ll;


u unanimity

e~!

unanimously unaware "And Allah is· not - ofwhat you are

doing." (HQ- 2:74)

unbelief unbeliever unchurch uncle maternal­

e~~ ~.;F t Ji~

(vt : o.fo.ll) •• 0..,LW t....::.

Ji~ ~11.._;

.>-is )ts ~&-J~

JU f t-S' JW.

- on the maternal side

paternal­

r---&­

- on the paternal side

r---&­

underage understanding men of­

underworld, the undutiful undutifulness unethical unfair

.)-ooWI.Iti

H1 yt/JI _,1_,t

t'.>to'i'J ~j.)\ ~ t ~ ,J-&. ~ ~~.,

~t.Jll+ 147


~~

ungrateful being- to one's husband

jSU! .Al:j.

~I

ungratefulness

,:,,!_;iS

utfii !

~~

.I.J:~+

~i!.):l~

unholy

~1.AJll ~ ~'\i

unitarian 'the - concept C?f God

~1.1:>. _,ll (' _,..i..

UJ-Sll

universe Lord ofthe U­

~IY.J

~~~~

unjust by-means

J_._.b414

unkempt ~~~~

-hair ~ _;J.

unlawful

J#.

f.j!IM

!

f 1..r­

·' c..r-'1

unlettered -folk/people

0-'--:!-"1

unmarriageable

(f.;t.-.11

()A)

~~

~J#.! Ji~

unmindful "And Allah is not- ofwhat you are doing. "(HQ - 2: 7-1) unregenerate

!

(Y £ ; o_fo.ll)

'·0~ l..:.c Ji~

..uJ\1.....i

unrelated an-man

(·I ·.. ll

0 ..)""'

~\., • . •) • • ('.F-A .Jr-

unrighteous

148

l ~.) ·L

~J#.

Unseen, the (or the unseen) unwholesome

.

~

~I

J.o..l.i

!

j_J..! (~J,!) .;l..:t:.


upright

J.l\s::.!~!r:)!~

Be-!

!~I

urinate

JJ:~

urine

It is incumbent on one to save oneself from being solid with one 's-. Incontinence ofto pass-

JJ--:111 JJ-P'

L>-- "i..S s~

,:) ~~ .>足

usurer usurious

tJ.H,J

usurp

(o~ ~ ih. Jl ~lA) ~

usury

l-...:tJ

149


v ,.~ l JJJ:.

vanity "V ~ seizes him and makes him adhere to the sin." (HQ- 2:206)

(". '\ : 6p1)

路.,.."'J4 C.ja.!l ....:;~!路

Vatican, the the

~

Council

Veda

6~'1.ill

..;\.楼1.ill

~

~IJ .Ji ~}il ~Jll vo.JJ.i+ll ~ : 1~1

lf.l.t veil veiled a-woman

vendee vendor venerable the V- Companions

~\a

~y.:....! ~'fo 1'1 _;-S.ll ~I.::......:JI

venial sin

(~J\..4lll ~) ~ ~

veracious

~!J.II...c:a

verdict

a religious 颅 to give a religious~ to ask the - of (sb.)

version in a - by Muslim

~sJ!~ (~yZ)

lSfo ~

(\...~)~

t..:I.JJ

rL-J ~~.JJ,.} 151


in various ~s

~wLI .JY.

In the version (of sb.) it reads as follows.

• ••• :;)J

(~) ~hJ

..,iJ

~~~

vestry

u,.l.S i ...,..!

vicar

the V~ of Christ

(uJ~I ~)~~~ ~~: 4~1

,._,.....!

vice vicegerant

~jJ

. _i ~I UJ.i. • ~I ..,... ( I..)IIQJ $W.) UJ.i. ­

vicious

,...,.... !

~

~~ !

! J..1.i

..>=Y...~

viciousness

J,...i

victory

~

signal~

0#-"~

u-J~

vie

"So- with one another in good deed<;. " (HQ-2: 148) violate violation

!

J.i\-: !

('fA : oJ.;ll) .~.<i,: !

oo--i~

·.wl~l

(..:..t.....AJI)

~

!

t__,9.ji...li"

~-':! !

,>lfii,:

~! (..:..t.....AJI) ~J:i: clt,.:i.il

violent

~~~~~

Virgin Mary, the

,_I J.ls.ll

,.:.JA

"It is no- that .... " (HQ - 2: 177)

-..)-i ·~ . ­ (IYV : oJ.;ll) •.... J y,ll tJ4

"V~

(<....t;_r!i .!.y:;.:,.) ".J.b..ll

virtue

is good conduct." (PT)

by-ofAllah

virtuous

"That is more -for you, and more pure." (HQ- 2:232) vision

152

~

y,ll"

.ull~

~~ ~1...:!! J...Ql.i

(HY : cJ.;l1) ·.~i_,

r-SJ ~jl

r-SJ~·

(.fo' 4l-J) ~jJ


mental~

visit to pay a - to the sick visitation

~y.ll .:l.J'":!

(.;J.l4 Ji ~4. Jl_,...) .;Jll ~

(>.l

-f~

visited with "And they were- wrath from Allah." (HQ- 2:61}

J~!

(" : &.fo.JI) ••...m 0-o ~

IJJYJ

vitiate to -fast

r.,..-1'

~'i

void

null and-

J1.4

to make sth. null and­

~!~

to be rendered null and-

voidable

~

(JjWI CJ.l .lh.S) o.JWI

Ji

~1.1:2:! ~ ~

voidness voluntarily

.;\#-'il ~

to do sth.­

-prayer

!

~~~

t~ '~"""~

voluntary

-fast

~

Jii.ll (' y.<> .4J!Ull

0~

._r_,b:J

~

-charity

a-act

-acts

voluptuary

J-!I_,J

..::.1~1.)~:~~

vomit v.

~

vomit n.

~I!J~I

153


H-i!

voracious votary vow n.

to take/make a 足 to break a足

1!1...\.i

! ~ !

0~

.If\&;

.;l...i

i*~.)c. ~4! ~~ ~ ~~ j.,lo(l;

vowv.

I have -ed to Allah that .... -edfasting

154

J~

....J .ul wJii J.li.ll ,._,....,.


mental-

0~

o,;\fj

visit

to pay a - to the sick visitation

~y.ll ..lyy

(~4

Ji

~4. ,.!.,....) ~I ~ &- ,.~!

-f~

visited with

"And they were- wrath from Allah." (HQ- 2:61)

(' 1 : ; .fo.JI) "•.!..lll ;:,.. ~ l_,jy_,

vitiate

to -fast void

null and-

to make sth. null and-

to be rendered null and­

voidable

~

(JjWI ~

JU.s)

ojWI

Ji

~~~ ~ ~

voidness voluntarily

,;)#.'il ~ ~ ~~~

to do sth.­

t_,.b:i: ~.#

voluntary

-fast

-prayer

Jiill

r_,...,.

~lill

.)\......,

-charity

a-act

-acts

voluptuary vomit v.

<r _,1.:; J.= J_Jl_,;

~1~1 .) ~ ~ ..,.n~

~

vomit n.

153


voracious

H-l t

~~~

votary

~Li! ~! ~~

vown.

..)~

to take/make a 足 to break a~ vowv.

I have ~d to Allah that .... ~edjasting

15-t

i*~~~4!~!~ ~..;~ J.J..9"'

)~

....J ....u w_;ii _;i3.11 f' _,......


w (J.!WI) ~~

wages wail

c~

wailing

J.!~ ~ ~

theW- Wall

: ~u.. ! ti.Jl ~lJ::.jL:,.

ward off

~

those who -evil

w#'

warning

~J

water closet

f~l~

wayfarer

~\

~ .)ftt;,

U:l :

wean

~ (!~i) ~ (:f

Well done! well-to-do whoever

.>---.JA

~

.;:..,J.

wicked wickedness

4!i : ~ ()AL..

J,...i !

yl

!1;. ! ~li

!

,$.••

!

¥

! .)~

widow

~i! .U.)

widower

~! J..)

widowhood

(4JJll) J..)

(~JJll) J,.)

widowerhood wilful

-negligence ofprayer

l.l-4C

1.l.4C we- o)I....JI ~ y

wilfully

will

l'.

~~

fWi:! !

~..>:

155


if Allah ~s

! <\.ll\ .,L.!;

God willing'

I <\.lll

~ 1

<\.ll\ .,\..!i

J J

~J! ~~J·t•: oJI.;!

will n. wind

(;;-:!.;

(~').)A .;,lji.C) ~) ~..?-:!

to pass~

0.1~!

witness false~

JJJ

to give false

~

a competent ~

o.l4-Ji

J_jjll ~

to bear ~ {lo sth.)

to call sb. as ~

.lo\Wi

(L. ,Y'\ ~) ~ l~L.!i ~ ~L.!i

woe W~ 11p011 you I

w~

to him who···'

!. ..

C>.J J:,

w~

unto him who... l

!. ..

C>.J J:J

w~ to those who associate partner with

Allah

! ..;.....:s~J:_,

1

~i.)All : oiJ-OI

woman

Be kind to women -'

() womenfolk

I

J:UI yil\.;

wJ

!.,WI~\,:

woman-slave

Ll

womb

~)\

from

~

to tomb

wool

carded­ world, the

156

.l:>..lll .)1

~\

0"

~~ J._,ilAJI~I

rJWI


for all the ~ to see

.l~~~

U"J)_)

.)c.

the Islamic W­

"T""J...,.':JI

the temporal -

J'-*' _;l.l ! c.liill }.l

worldly

-things

~~

~WI ! ~.).!1

t ti.A oJ~

worship

placesoj­

..

~.~~J

o.l~\ ()SL.i I .otJ.!I ~1.........

waysof­

d...,Li...

perfect­ acto/­ wrangling

JIJ+

wrap

.-IJ.;

to put on a - and a garment

)j':JI_, c.b)\ !.j:ijY.

wrath

to incur Allah's­ Allah's­ wretched

-life ~.;$H!~

wrong

to - oneself

~~

-ed wrongdoer wrongdoing

"W- is that which wavers in your soul.... "

r_,l.1.... ~i

t ...~ !

~l.li

~dl:r..i.!~ ('-':!~ ~A) ".... ~ .j &L. f'"'"j\"

(Pl)

wrongfully

157


y yawning young

a-man

~.:~jiZll

~.:~Ut~ r":Li:.

159


z

oWJll

zakat payment of~ Zamzam Zoroastrian Zoroastrianism

otSjll (o)l... ~.;4-a

~tyJ

k. ~ ~) ~j.tj ~~

~~\

161


SELECTED REFERENCES Al-Fahim, A (1988). The 200 Hadith; 2nd ed. Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi Printing & Publishing Co. Al-Kanadi, A.B. M. (1985). The Islamic ruling regarding women's dress according to the Qur'an and Sunnah. Jeddah: Dar Al-Amal Printers. Al-Khuli, M. A (1989). A dictionary ofIslamic terms: English- Arabic & Arabic English. Riyadh: n.p. Hamidullah, M. (1989). Daily life ofa Muslim. Islamabad : Da'wah Academy International University. Hassan, S., & Ahmad, A. (n.d.). The study ofAl-Qur'an. London: AI- Qur'an Society. Ibrahim, E., & Johnson-Davies, D. (Trans). (1976). An-Nawawi Forty Hadith. Damascus: The Holy Koran Publishing House. Ibrahim, E, & Johnson-Davies, D. (Trans). (1980). Forty Hadith Qudsi. Damascus: The Holy Koran Publishing House. Khan, M. M. (n.d.) The translation ofthe meanings ofSahih Al-Bukhari: Arabic English; Vols. I- IX. Al-Madinah: Dar Al-Fikr Publishing Co. Maududi, S. A. A. (1973). The meaning of the Quran. Delhi: Board oflslamic Publications. Philips, A. A. B. (1988). Evolution ofthe madh-habs (Schools oflslamic Law). Riyadh:, International Islamic Publishing House. Wehr, H. (1976). Arabic- English dictionary; 3rd. ed. Ithaca, New York: Spoken Language Services.

Webster s third new international dictionary. (1981 ). 1

163

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