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Educational systems of South Africa


Objectives of the report: 

Identify/ characterize/ distinguish the different educational system of South Africa, United kingdom, and USA

Distinguish and compare it with the educational system of our country, specifically the BEC and k-12 curriculum, and:

Raise the awareness on the said matter for the future purpose it may serve


Educational system of South Africa


ď‚› In

South Africa, the constitution guarantees equal access to basic education.


The identified values and principles of South African Education includes: Equity and redress

Relevance of Education

Access to basic education opportunities for lifelong learning quality

Sustainability of development Democratic participation

Quality in terms of providing learners with learning opportunities of acceptable standards

efficiency

Ministry of Education


Structure and organization in the Basic Education System


Formal Education categories in South Africa Sectors or level Public ordinary school education University training Independent school education

Teacher training

technikon


Public school 

Maybe an ordinary school or a public school for learners with special education needs.

Levels are:

a.

Pre-primary

b.

Primary

c.

Secondary

d.

Higher education


Compulsory General Education and Training ď‚› Cover a.

the reception years such as:

Grades R to Grades IX


The general education and Training corresponds to the Level 1 of the National qualifications fr ď‚› Divided

in three phases

1.

Foundation phase (Grades R-III)

2.

Intermediate (Grades IV-VI)

3.

Senior Grades (Grades VII-IX)


Primary Education is divided into categories 

Junior primary-(Grade I-III)

Senior Primary (Grade IV-VI)

Grade VII-IX is the last stage for compulsory education and will lead to General Education and Training Certificate.

Further Education And Training (FET) is not compulsory (Grade X-XII). This will lead to Senior Certificate.


ď‚› Technical

schools offers technical education which generally last for three years are offered n technical centers, high schools, and vocational schools.


8 leaning areas of FET 1.

Language, Literacy and Communication

2.

Mathematical literacy, Math and Math. Sciences

3.

Natural sciences

4.

Technology

5.

Human and Social Sciences

6.

Economics And Management Science

7.

Arts and Culture

8.

Life Orientation


Higher Educational System 

Tertiary and higher education corresponds to Level 5-8 of the National Qualification Framework (NQF). Which is more advance than Senior Certificate.

Institutions of higher education includes colleges, universities, and technikons.

Most colleges of education offers 3 year program leading to the Diploma in Education (4 years or higher diploma).


College of nursing and hospital schools offers four year diploma courses for nursing.

Agricultural schools offer 1 year certificate, 2 year for higher certificate programs and 3 year diploma courses.

Technikons offers bachelor and three years of technical courses diploma in technology.


Master’s degrees (magister technologiae) usually requires a minimum of 1 yr study, the doctorate (Lauretus in Technology/ Doctor of Technologiae) at least two years.

A honours degree requires one additional year of study.

A master’s degree is obtained after one or two year of study and the mininum time to complete doctorate is two years.


ď‚› School ď‚› Other

year consist of 196 days (41 week)

relevant sector of the educational structure includes special education, private education or independent schools, adult and non-formal education and HV/AIDS education.



South african education system