The Paper • Page 5 • August 29, 2019
125th Anniversary Cont. from Page 3
benefits, and the eventual minimum-wage increases due to higher living standards, all would be realized in greater degrees as time passed. According to retrieved U. S. Government Labor Statistic Files: “Back when the U. S. government first tracked workers’ hours in 1890, full-time manufacturing employees worked a backbreaking 100 hours each week. Years of pressures from labor organizers, along with changes from companies like Ford Motor Company, reformed working conditions in the United States and protected workers from schedules that endangered their health and safety.”
With improved working conditions, Americans also opted to work more overtime for added pay, a positive incentive which strengthened Industrial America. Recent data indicates that the typical American worker today is no longer adhering to an 8-hour workday. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average American today works 44 hours per week, or 8.8 hours per day. A recent Gallup poll put the average number at 47 hours per week, or 9.4 hours per day, with many saying they work 50 hours per week. TIMELINE EVENTS:
Letters to the Editor Cont. from Page 4
"The Day They Shot Ronald Reagan" to "Red Skelton," your fantastic weekly newspaper never, ever fails to provide all of us readers with emotional true stories as well as amazing journeys full of excitement and unpredictable fun! You're absolutely wonderful Mr. Davis for publishing the best and only weekly Entertainment & News magazine in North San Diego County. My beautiful granddaughter who is a student at California State University at San Marcos is a big, big fan of The Paper and especially a fan of Mr. Friedrich Gomez, who she hopes to meet in person some day! One of her professors enjoyed your "Silent Majority, the German Americans" cover story published on July 25, 2019 and also "Top Secret Weapons of WWII" which you published May 16, 2019. They even used those cover stories as a "link" to share with colleagues back East. So it appears that The Paper is known well beyond San Diego County! Impressive! Keep up the great work! I can't wait to see the next issue! From Mrs. Arlene Tibbetts, Escondido, California. 8/19/19. Inspired
Your latest article, inspired me.
WE THE PEOPLE Currently, the city of Escondido City Council is
1867: Workers were “Exhausted by 12 to 14 hours a day of work, 6 days a week,” according to the Chicago Historical Society.
1869: U. S. President Ulysses S. Grant issued a proclamation that guaranteed the 8-hour workday without a decrease in pay. But at the time, it only applied to U. S. Government workers. Nevertheless, it was a promising beginning for all future workers.
1916: On September 3, 1916, the Adamson Act was passed by Congress, establishing an 8-hour work day with additional pay for overtime for interstate railroad workers. 1926: The Ford Motor Corporation recognizes low morale and overall lower production levels due to fatigue of over-worked employees. As such, the Ford Corporation issues a 5-day, 40-hour workweek, a newsworthy move by founder and business titan, Henry Ford. Ford, himself, issues a statement: “It is high time to rid ourselves of the notion that leisure time-off for workmen is either ‘lost time,’ or a class privilege.” As a consequence, worker morale – as well as production levels – went upward. Other industrial plants learned a negative lesson by failing to follow Ford’s example. Workers were now speaking-out because they had viewed reforms elsewhere in America and clamored to be included. 1937: A General Motors strike at a
again, getting bamboozled by Attorneys.
Members sounded excited "in quotes in the paper" to even have it on their agenda.
Someone, signed off on just being able to ASK the question - 50K the month before. The fire SDGE is blamed for happened in 2007.
FOUR CITES IN NORTH COUNTY paid just over 100,000 and have a report. Earlier this year.https://www.thecoastnews.co/s tudy-community-choice-energyoptions-possible-for-north-countycities/ Read the article.
Follow the firms paid They are getting greedy
Do fall for the method is efficient
PS: the 1st e-mail question they should ask ... How much power do the two co-gen power plants, already built in the CITY sell to SDGE? Thank You. Patriot Mike Smith San Diego County, CA. Sad News
Unfortunately they didn't heed
plant in Flint, Michigan, began protesting working conditions. Negotiations between GM and the workers ultimately helped reduce worker hours.
1938: Political pressure continues to mount in favor of America’s workforce. On June 25, Congress passes the Fair Labor Standards Act, which limits the workweek to 44 hours, or 8.8 hours per day. Not all such implementation would take effect until much later, according to the U. S. Department of Interior and the U. S. Senate. ‘AMERICA’S ASSEMBLY LINE REVOLUTIONIZES LIVING STANDARDS.
While Henry Ford may not have invented the concept of the assembly line, he no doubt improved on the idea. One of the first proponents of the American assembly line was Ransom E. Olds, who created his own version in 1901 to produce “horseless carriages” at a faster pace. And he did. His factory increased production to over 6 times its previous level! The factory’s output of 425 automobiles in 1901 increased to 2,500 automobiles in 1902.
Henry Ford would later improve on Olds’ idea by installing moving conveyor belts and dividing the process of assembling a car into 45 steps. That cut the time of producing one Model T automobile from 1 ½ days to an unbelievable 93 minutes! my/our advice in time and/or what advice I/we did provide wasn't soon enough to reverse the seemingly inevitable! All the very best, Fred III 8-21-2019 Marie Callender’s Restaurant in Escondido, CA closed August 7. 2019
We're naturally so very sorry to learn that the Marie Callender's Restaurant closed very recently in Escondido. CA. We learned about it indirectly from "The Paper" and Alan Skuba, former Mayor of Escondido, and former owner of KNOWN Radio. Skuba said, "We opened Callender's (#66) November 15, 1976--Bankrupt August 7, 2019--43 years. Our interest in #66 was sold in the late 80's. He had mostly good memories of the eatery as did we too. Conversely, my striking spouse and I don't profess to be omniscient and we obviously detest to see anyone go out of business, but it's a fact of life. My wife and our lovely daughter, when she was young, enjoyed many meals at Marie Callender's at other southern CA locations especially during the 70's and 80's, but apparently the concept became prohibitively too expensive to sustain a continuing profitable stream of clientele. My striking spouse and I don't profess to be omniscient, but according to us non-restaurant experts at least this restaurant at this location it was imminently inevitable. Why?
The concept for assembly lines is a very old idea dating back over 9 centuries! In the year 1104, the Venetian Arsenal (located in the city of Venice, Italy today), operated on an early assembly line concept. Ships moved down a canal and were fitted by the various shops they passed. At the peak of its efficiency in the early 1500s, the Venetian Arsenal employed over 16,000 workers who could produce almost one entire ship each day! Centuries later, other assembly line concepts were developed by different countries. One English factory used a moving assembly line (predating Henry Ford’s concept) in 1853. The factory used a moving concept called the “flow” assembly line or “The Long Shop” where a boiler from a foundry was placed on a starting line and then it slowly progressed, moving through the building as it passed through various assembly stages where parts were added for its eventual completion. When the boiler or other product had reached the end of the shop – voila! – it was completed! THE FIRST U. S. STATE TO MAKE LABOR DAY AN OFFICIAL HOLIDAY WAS: A. California. B. Michigan. C. Oregon. Correct answer is “C” for Oregon.
125th Anniversary Cont. on Page 6
My YELP Posting 6/14/2019
My striking spouse and I haven't visited a Marie Callender's for a considerable number of years, but when we used to reside in Palos Verdes Estates, CA, e.g., during the 70's and 80's one of our favorite weekend restaurant haunts was the Marie Callender's in San Juan Capistrano with our then young lovely daughter. Invariably, at dinner time there was a throng of customers awaiting to be served, plus wait times to be seated could be lengthy, but the wait time was invariably worth it because the tasty plentiful comfort food, the incomparable customer-oriented and genteel service and the relatively reasonably food fare price points were definitely worth it. Really! Fast forward to last Wednesday, however, in Escondido, CA and our dining experience at Marie Callender's though marginally acceptable/pedestrian was quite different. Why? Upfront, I don't profess to be a restaurant consultant, but I am a bona fide business development consultant and according to others I know more than a thing or two about turning around languishing businesses. It's obvious, or it should be obvious to almost everyone, that currently Marie Callender's is suffering perhaps similar to other similar type of restaurants such as
Letters to the Editor Cont. on Page 7