Unfiltered, uninhibited…just the gruesome truth
LOOKING AT MDGs
ISSUE 101, September 1-30, 2014
Governments ready to set Post-2015 Development Agenda By Duncan Mboyah A new universal Sustainable Development Agenda will be launched next year after the expiry of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). According to Ban Ki Moon, United Nations Secretary General, member-states will append their signatures to the new mandate that will help solve problems that bedevil communities globally. “Air, water and soil are under pressure of human activities and this is to be the main mandate of the newly formed United Nations Environmental Assembly (UNEA),” Moon said in Nairobi recently. He noted that the Post2015 Development Agenda will build on the progress achieved through the eight United Nations Millennium Development Goals that were established in 2000. “The Post-2015 agenda will need a new innovative and transformative means of implementation, including new partnerships that can work in an integrated manner, technology transfer, capacity building, information access, and monitoring and reporting for accountability,” Moon explained. At the same time, Moon called on governments to help combat climate change by adopting workable measures that have been developed by scientists and other experts to avoid implications on agricul-
ture, environment and ecosystem in general. “Governments must match funds to meeting the unfinished development plans that were set under the Millennium Development Goals,” said President Uhuru Kenyatta. He commended the delegates for developing a road map towards the management of illegal trade on wildlife products.
“The trade is threatening Kenya’s heritage and security. Any assistance towards this effort is welcomed,’’ the President said. The first President of United Nations Environment Assembly Oyun Sanjaasuren, who is also the Mongolian Minister of Environment and Green Development called on governments to promote sustainable consumption and production of resources. “The solution to environmental conservation and food production lies within our reach,” Sanjaasuren said. She called on other environment ministers to create awareness on matters of environment to enable citizen’s make positive contributions. At Rio+20, held in Brazil on June 20-22, 2012 world leaders adopted the Ten-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns (SCP). They also recognised that
UN headquarters in New York, United States, where the UN General Assembly held 12 meeting in September to discuss Post 2015 UN MDGs. sustainable consumption and production were a universal concern, and that developed countries should provide leadership in promoting the shift to SCP patterns.
Instead of addressing the dimensions of sustainable development separately the sustainable development goals are expected to adopt an approach that fully integrates the social,
economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. The Inter-governmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Finance
is expected to submit its report by September, after which the General Assembly 69 will start deliberations on finalising the Post-2015 Agenda.
Africa remains off track on MDG Five By Carolyne Oyugi
In 2000, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGASS), adopted the Millennium Declaration — a bold statement in which all the world’s governments committed themselves to create a more equal and just world. The declaration was translated into Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as a way to practically implement the declaration and measure progress. As the world counts down towards the 2015 target date for achieving the Millennium Development Goals, the latest review points to significant and substantial progress on some targets while collective action is needed on the goals and targets that are off track.
The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) Africa Region Regional Council meeting in Nairobi to assess the state of the African governments and these are some of their findings. According to the 2013 Millennium Development Goals Progress report, globally, the maternal mortality ratio declined by 47 percent over the past two decades, from 400 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 210 in 2010. In Africa, there has been remarkable progress in achieving Millennium Development Goals Five in
the last decade or so considering the situation in 1990. Collectively African countries reduced maternal ratio from 745 deaths (1990), to 429 deaths in every 100,000 live births. This represents a 42 per cent collective reduction. Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea and Egypt are some of the countries on track to meet this goal. Ghana, for instance, has reduced its Maternal Mortality Rate from 740 to 451 deaths in every 100,000 live births, between 1990 and 2008. Seven countries attained a 90 per cent rate of pregnant women attended to by skilled personnel. Algeria, Botswana, Egypt, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tunisia and Zimbabwe are some of the countries that recorded the highest Contraceptive Prevalence Rates (CPR) rates of over 30 percent in 2010. By 2013, at least 77 per cent of pregnant women in all of African had at least one antenatal visit while 47 per cent of women, across the region also got the recommended four visits. When considering progress made towards achieving of Millennium Development Goals, some common elements of success emerge, including leadership and partnership, evidence and innovation, development and implementation of dual shortterms strategies. Additionally, successful strategies
and policies related to safer motherhood, neonatal health, safe abortion, comprehensive sexuality education, nutrition and gender are anchored in the principle of human rights. Ethiopia is an example in this respect for putting in place policies and measures to tackle gender discrimination and inequalities within the education and health system structure. Other relevant examples include increasing access to family planning options in Egypt and Zimbabwe, the abolition of hospital user fee for pregnant women in Burundi, Ghana, Sierra Leone and Kenya.
Sierra Leone is sited as a good practice for introducing the Free Ban Ki Moon, United Nations Secretary General Heath Care Initiative where all pregnant and lactating women as well as Millennium Development Goals Condom use as well as men’s health children under five get free health seek ing behaviour for themselves and Five, therefore, remains an unfinished care. agenda where concerted and collectheir partners also being low. Despite this progress, MillenGender Based Violence as well tive regional and global action is renium Development Goals Five is the as HIV and AIDs continue to affect quired if equality, justice and freedom goal on which most African coun- women and girls contributing to high for the world’s population is to be tries have been consistently off-track. unsafe abortions and high Maternal achieved. Sub-Saharan Africa as a whole has Mortality Ratio. Child marriage (beAs the world steps up gear in the the world’s highest maternal mortal- fore age 18) is still common in this ity ratio, contraceptive prevalence region and is closely associated with new development agenda (the Post2015 agenda and the sustainable deof only 25 per cent and low level of adolescent childbearing. velopment goals), the United Nations skilled attendance at birth. The highest birth rate among ado- acknowledges that tackling structural Condom use by men is generally lescent girls aged 15 to 19 is in sub- impediments to gender equality and very low across the continent, with Saharan Africa (118 births per 1,000 achievement of women’s empowerwomen reporting less knowledge girls), which has made the least prog- ment should be the heart of postand low negotiating power on ress since 1990. MDG agenda.
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