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SYSTEMS

09.2013

Building in control and flexibility

with advanced HMI technologies

17

ADLINK

13

AMD

Flexibility and Reliability for Rail Transportation Systems

Achieving Processor Platform Scalability

21

24

INTEL

Retail Client Manager

WINDOWS EMBEDDED

Platform for HMI

35

Avnet Embedded

Launches Rorke Global Solutions™

31

RED HAT

Speed Time-to-Market


Avnet, Inc., a Fortune 500 company, is one of the world’s largest industrial distributors of electronic components, enterprise computing and storage products and embedded subsystems, creating a vital link in the technology supply chain. Avnet connects over 300 of the world’s leading electronic component and computer product manufacturers and software developers with a global customer base of more than 100,000 customers.

About Avnet In addition to its core distribution services, Avnet markets, adds value and creates demand for the products of the world’s leading electronic component suppliers, enterprise computing manufacturers and embedded subsystem providers. The company brings a breadth and depth of service capabilities, such as supply-chain and design-chain services, logistics solutions, product assembly, device programming, and computer system configuration and integration. From adding an asset tag all the way to the assembly, integration, configuration and test of complex computing solutions, Avnet offers a complete menu of services to support customer requirements. Avnet has two primary operating groups – Electronics Marketing and Technology Solutions. Both groups have operations in each of the three major economic regions of the world: the Americas; Europe, the Middle East and Africa; and Asia/Pacific (consisting of Asia, Australia and New Zealand). With a line card that features more than 300,000 unique parts for sale, Electronics Marketing markets and distributes a broad array of components, including semiconductors, interconnect, passive and electromechanical (IP&E) devices; embedded processing platforms, related peripherals and operating systems and embedded subsystems. Technology Solutions markets enterprise and embedded technology products and services from the world’s premier computer manufacturers and software suppliers. In an effort to leverage the combined embedded technology product and service offerings of Electronics Marketing and Technology Solutions, Avnet created a new Avnet Embedded division. Avnet Embedded integrates the Electronics Marketing and Technology Solutions Americas Embedded Solutions’ offerings, along with the acquired embedded business in North America of Bell Microproducts Inc. This division focuses on providing the most comprehensive suite of embedded solutions available from a distribution partner – from storage, computing, software and networking products, to disk drives, flat panels and embedded boards. It also exemplifies Avnet’s innovative and entrepreneurial spirit, and a passion for customer service, assuring customers and suppliers that they have chosen the right partner to accelerate their success. For more information about Avnet Embedded, visit www.em.avnet.com/embedded. Headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona, Avnet has been in business since 1921 and was incorporated in 1955. Visit www.avnet.com for more information.

ABOUT SYSTEMS INDESIGN This quarterly publication offers insight into the embedded computing industry’s latest technologies, advancements, events and practices. Each issue will feature an informative theme article high-lighting Avnet Embedded’s go-to-market strategy as well as feature articles from our top suppliers and present them in an engaging and interactive online magazine.

SYSTEMS

09.2013

Building in control and flexibility

with advanced HMI technologies

17

ADLINK

13

AMD

Flexibility and Reliability for Rail Transportation Systems

Achieving Processor Platform Scalability

21

24

INteL

Retail Client Manager

WINDOWS eMbeDDeD

Platform for HMI

35

AvNet eMbeDDeD

Launches Rorke Global Solutions™

31

ReD HAt

Speed Time-to-Market


Cover Story

5

Building in control and flexibility with advanced HMI designs

Features 13

Achieving Processor Platform Scalability and Consistent User Experiences

27

End to End NAND Flash Solution Selection and Configuration

17

ADLINK’s Smart Panel Provides Full Flexibility and Reliability for Rail Transportation Systems

31

Speed Time-to-Market as a Red Hat Embedded Partner

21

IntelÂŽ Retail Client Manager

35

Balancing requirements to simplify HMI design challenges

24

Windows Embedded Platform for HMI

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

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Design Zones

Instant Access to the Materials & Information You Need As an engineer, it’s your job to bring innovative products and solutions to market quickly. To help make this happen, Avnet Electronics Marketing has created new Design Zones that bring you instant access to rich product details, selector guides, technical resources and up-todate industry trends in key market areas such as:

Discover the endless possibilities of designing with Avnet!

www.em.avnet.com/designzones 4

Systems inDesign | September 2013


Avnet Spotlight

Avnet Embedded Launches Rorke Global Solutions™ Delivering comprehensive solutions combining software, hardware and services. Avnet Embedded, a division of Avnet Electronics Marketing Americas, a business region of Avnet, Inc. announced the launch of its new Rorke Global Solutions™ business unit. This new unit will deliver comprehensive solutions that meld hardware, software and services in support of the unique business requirements of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), independent software vendors (ISVs), and channel partners. Rorke Global Solutions (RGS) will craft solutions from a combination of catalog systems developed internally and off-theshelf technologies from a wide range of innovative, world-class manufacturers. These solutions will include a portfolio of standard and customizable servers and purpose-built appliances developed in-house under the Paladin™ brand. The services available from Rorke Global Solutions align with each stage of the customer’s product lifecycle from development to launch to sustained support and continue all the way through end of life and asset recovery. “As more and more aspects of the business and product life cycle call for increased technology integration that are seamlessly bundled with complementary services, our customers are seeking a one-stop-shop that can design and deliver solutions for their unique needs,” said Chuck Kostalnick, Senior Vice President of Avnet Embedded. “Rorke Global Solutions is set up to be the market’s go-to-provider for technology solutions, delivering the right blend of resources for each customer’s individual requirements which will result in unprecedented competitive advantage.” To assist customers in integrating storage, open compute platforms, information technology (IT) infrastructure, digital security and surveillance, and machine-to-machine (M2M) technologies, Rorke Global Solutions includes a newly formed solutions-focused sales and consulting group, to be led by Avnet veteran Scott MacDonald. MacDonald, who has served as an Avnet area vice president for eight years, will now serve as vice president of sales and market solutions for the new group and report into John Salemme, vice president of sales in the Americas for Avnet Embedded.

market segments and business needs. Solutions experts will also draw from the Rorke Global Solutions portfolio and other ecosystem partners for products and services when designing custom solutions. “Scott MacDonald’s experience meeting customer needs across a broad swath of vertical market segments, and his expertise across the breadth of the technologies and services we offer are ideally suited to execute this group’s objective of delivering the right solution for each customer, saving them time, increasing ROI, and offering better product differentiation,” continued Kostalnick. “Today, many OEMs and ISVs go through multiple iterations of solution development, and invest a lot of personnel and time coordinating multiple product and service vendors when they introduce a new technology into their product line, supply chain, or business,” stated MacDonald. “My group’s goal is to simplify this into one coordinated process so that our customers achieve the highest return on investment when they deploy digital signage, security and surveillance, M2M, IT infrastructure or open-compute technologies.” The services offering from Rorke Global Solutions addresses a variety of business needs throughout the product lifecycle including engineering, assembling, logistics, supply chain, premise, connectivity, financing, and asset recovery services. Rorke Global Solutions is also expanding the extensive catalog of computing technology building blocks formerly provided by Rorke Data in support of compute, storage, networking and purpose-built appliances. Rorke Global Solutions complements these products with services that cover extended warranties, installation, call center support, advanced replacement, repair, maintenance and a variety of financing models including leasing and rentals. For more information about Rorke Global Solutions, please go to www.rorke.com

The new group combines sales with design, integration and life cycle supply chain services in order to custom-tailor technology solutions for specialized requirements across a broad set of

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

5


FEATURE Cover story

Building in control and flexibility with advanced HMI designs HMIs that save time and money, increase quality and protect against accidents

For the ultimate in control and flexibility, it would be amazing, as this video asserts, to turn on air conditioning just by thinking a room is too warm, to open car doors with a thought when your hands are full, or to enlist the assistance of cleaning robots when you consider all the things you need to do around the house. As is pointed out later in the video, the Brain Machine Interface (BMI) is viable and something to be excited about, but there is much work to be done.

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Systems inDesign | September 2013


Building in control and flexibility with advanced HMI designs

HMI

It is very likely that in 10 or 20 years, BMIs will translate our neural activity into control signals for guiding industrial, transportation, medical, domestic and other devices, but in the meantime there is a great need for the human machine interface (HMI). An HMI is the apparatus through which a human operator controls a process and receives process data. The HMI is commonly linked to a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system, to provide trending and diagnostic data, as well as management information such as scheduled maintenance procedures, logistics information, detailed schematics and troubleshooting guides. The HMI system usually presents the information to the operating personnel graphically, meaning that the operator can see a schematic representation of the system being controlled. The worldwide HMI market was estimated to be worth $2.50 billion in 2012 and it’s expected to reach $4.05 billion in 2017. Applications are predominately industrial currently, but growing sectors include gaming, retail, financial, metal and mining, packaging, transportation, processing, utilities, entertainment and healthcare. Factors driving the solid expansion of the HMI market are the rapid growth of the related software services market, advancements in factory automation, a focus on enhanced efficiency and safety, and an increased need for data security. As well, some tragic and expensive industrial accidents have led to a heightened understanding of the value of a high-quality operator interface. Occupations with major accident hazard potential — fire, explosion or toxic release with potential for major loss of life or significant environmental impact — require that HMIs are designed and implemented in such a way that the risk of human fallibility is reduced to an acceptable level.

Designing in safety and usability A huge amount of device and ergonomics research has been done — especially with regard to our phones and portable media players — and this has yielded a great deal of information about designs that easily reflect users’ responses, abilities and requirements. This information is very relevant to making monitoring, controlling and manipulating data from control systems safe, simple and intelligent. A good HMI can save time and money, increase quality, and provide protection against accidents. Here are three key features of effective HMIs: They put data in context to increase the operator’s situation awareness. Presenting a glut of data is counterproductive: information needs to be transmitted, absorbed and assimilated quickly. The operator must be able to perceive important data, correctly comprehend the current situation and predict the system’s future status. Situation awareness can be affected by a number of factors and it is useful to work closely with operators

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

to understand their processes and responsibilities. Ergonomic considerations can reduce fatigue and distractions. They reduce the operator’s cognitive load. To make it easy for operators to use an HMI, it’s essential to reduce the amount of mental work they have to do to find pertinent data, understand it, predict the future course of events and take action. Grouping information that belongs together helps the operator perceive important connections. It also cleans up the screen visually, making it easier to absorb information. They provide an information hierarchy that’s easy to navigate. Missing from many HMI systems are overview screens that show the status of the whole system. Best practices suggest a three- or four-level hierarchy, with each lower level providing more detail for a portion of the higher level. When faced with an abnormal situation, operators need to be able to switch quickly and easily between levels. Some powerful HMI design resources include: ``

NASA Ames Research Center offers data on the use of color in complicated information displays.

``

The Center for Operator Performance aims to improve health, safety and environmental effectiveness through sharing knowledge and collaborating.

``

The ASM Consortium’s Guideline, Effective Operator Display Design, has a focus on early event detection and ways of reducing the likelihood of accidents.

``

The International Standards Association (ISA) is working to develop Human Machine Interface standards in manufacturing.

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FEATURE Building in control and flexibility with advanced HMI designs

Your HMI innovations brought to life With Avnet working as your trusted advisor, you can invest in those strengths that set your business apart in the marketplace and turn to us for the rest. Our comprehensive suite of services means that Avnet can support you and address all of your challenges throughout the HMI solution development and sales cycle. We have the tools, training, resources and guidance necessary to bring your designs to market faster and with increased success.

Avnet design zones Avnet’s design zones help you stay on top of leading technologies and markets. Gain quick access to rich product details, selector guides, technical resources and up-to-date industry trends.

Avnet services Our services help grow your revenue by expanding your offerings and enhancing customer service. Click here to find out how to access new markets, new customers, new partners, new technologies and new programs.

Featured Avnet-designed kits and tools Avnet’s Industrial PCAP Touch Display kits help to bring exciting touch display technology to your HMI and other solutions through a semi-customizable, off-the-shelf development kit. The kits virtually eliminate the typical non-recurring engineering, development time, and high volume requirements inherent with

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HMI

most PCAP touch solutions. With the barriers to entry removed, industrial applications can now enjoy the same user interface experience as their consumer counterparts. Move over iPhone, the industrial apps are on their way!

Vendor partners in this issue Offering the most comprehensive line card in the distribution industry, Avnet Embedded delivers a host of products designed to optimize your HMI solutions, including: ADLINK Technology products include PCI Express-based data acquisition and I/O; vision and motion control; and AdvancedTCA, CompactPCI, and computer-on-modules (COMs) for industrial computing. The ADLINK Smart Panel is a system on display providing internet access through wired or wireless connectivity with computing power on a display unit. Like a system on chip (SOC), the Smart Panel’s many benefits increase the speed of electronic device development. ADLINK’s Smart Panel is the first display module combining independent computer power and internet access. Its highly integrated design makes it easy to implement in fully customized systems. The Smart Panel is a building block design for fast implementation of embedded internet, making it easy for engineers to implement a user interface into either stationary or mobile applications. ADLINK provides a reference design kit for system integrators, so solution providers can build solutions with shorter design cycle and fewer design risks. AMD’s Embedded G-Series SOC platform is a high-performance, low-power System-on-Chip (SOC) design, featured with

Systems inDesign | September 2013


Building in control and flexibility with advanced HMI designs

enterprise-class error-correction code (ECC) memory support, dual and quad-core variants, integrated discrete-class GPU and I/O controller on the same die. The AMD G-Series SOC achieves superior performance per watt in the low-power x86 microprocessor class of products when running multiple industry standard benchmarks. This helps enable the delivery of an exceptional HD multimedia experience and provides a heterogeneous computing platform for parallel processing. The small-footprint, ECC-capable SOC sets the new foundation for a power-efficient platform for content-rich multimedia processing and workload processing that is well-suited for a broad variety of embedded applications. ATP Inc. is a leading manufacturer of high-performance and durable NAND flash memory solutions and DRAM memory modules. With over twenty years of experience in the design, manufacturing and support of memory products, ATP continues to focus on mission critical applications such as industrial, telecom, medical and enterprise computing, where high levels of technical support, performance consistency and wide operating temperature ranges are required. As a true manufacturer, ATP offers in-house design, testing and product tuning. ATP also offers extensive supply chain support with controlled/fixed BOMs and long product life-cycles. Intel Active Management Technology (Intel AMT) uses integrated platform capabilities and popular third-party management and security applications to allow IT or managed service providers to better discover, repair, and protect their networked computing assets. Intel AMT 5.0, available on the Intel Core 2 Quad processor Q9400, provides always-available manageability that allows plant operators to remotely diagnose problems, collect hardware and software inventory data on the system and deploy patches – even to systems that are turned off. Systems can be powered down without losing manageability or securely powered on any time for patches and system maintenance. The result is dramatically reduced system

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

HMI

downtime, which is essential in mission-critical industrial control applications. Microsoft Windows Embedded provides one trusted platform to build intelligent systems that serve as sustainable, converged industrial solutions. These solutions offer your customers a high degree of security at reduced costs and reduced time-to-market. They can be highly customized, but they have in common high degrees of security, reduced costs, and faster time to market. The business value of improved HMI design is of particular relevance to organizations asking diverse workers to assimilate and act on more information, more quickly, in pursuit of increased productivity. Windows Embedded powered solutions connect diverse systems and devices while maintaining compatibility with industry standards. And Windows Embedded enables provision of remote management and diagnostic services, which generate business insight that would otherwise remain out of reach.

Everything Embedded As part of the Avnet Electronics Marketing division of Avnet, Inc., Avnet Embedded focuses on providing a full suite of embedded solutions – from storage, computing, software and networking products, to disk drives, touch screens and embedded boards from industry-leading suppliers. With a broad partner line card, a wealth of technical resources and a highly skilled team, Avnet Embedded delivers outstanding support for OEM, embedded and commercial customers.

We’re here to help you succeed Avnet Embedded can ensure that you are ideally placed to take advantage of the wealth of opportunities available in the intelligent systems space. Our many services will help you develop and deliver innovative solutions that will increase the profits and productivity of both you and your customers.

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What’s New Avnet Embedded

A New Generation of Products from HP Networking The innovative features of HP Networking products are now available in a 1Gb (HP 6125G & HP 6125G/XG) blade switch designed exclusively for c-Class BladeSystem budget-conscious customers who require 1Gb switching and routing. HP also offers a customizable switch bundle that includes the HP ProLiant MicroServer Gen 8 and HP Networking PS 1810-8G switch – a perfect OEM solution.

Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept1

QLogic Ethernet Networking & FC SAN Connectivity QLogic provides Ethernet networking and Fibre Channel SAN connectivity products that deliver maximum performance and are easy to implement. Adapters from QLogic offer a suite of technology advancements that help medium to large enterprises ensure complete business continuity, maintain application performance and costeffectively scale their networks.

Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept2

NEC Display Solutions delivers leading-edge visual display solutions NEC Display Solutions develops visual technology and customer-focused solutions for a wide variety of markets, including enterprise, healthcare and digital signage. Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept3

4th Generation Intel Core & Intel Xeon E3-1200 v3 Platforms! 4th generation Intel® processors offering enhanced graphics, media performance, flexibility, and enhanced security. Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept4

Mellanox Interconnect Solutions for Servers & Storage These solutions increase data center efficiency by providing the highest throughput and lowest latency, delivering data faster to applications. Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept5

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Systems inDesign | September 2013


What’s New Avnet Embedded

AMD Embedded G-Series SOC The AMD Embedded G-Series SOC platform is a high-performance, low-power Systemon-Chip (SOC) design, featured with enterprise-class ECC memory support, dual and quad-core variants, integrated discrete-class GPU and I/O controller on the same die. The small-footprint SOC sets the new foundation for content-rich multimedia processing and workload processing that is well-suited for a broad variety of embedded applications.

Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept6

Chelsio Enabling the Convergence of Networking Storage and Clustering Chelsio delivers hardware and software solutions that include ethernet network adapter cards, storage management software, high performance storage gateways, bypass cards, and other solutions focused on specialized applications. Chelsio products accelerate network performance in enterprise data centers, cloud services, high performance clusters (HPC), enterprise-wide data storage systems, and postproduction shops for digital film and video. Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept7

Freescale i.MX6 Series Processor Embedded Board Sol’ns This i.MX 6 series unleashes the industry’s first truly scalable multicore platform that includes single-, dual- and quad-core families based on the ARM® Cortex™-A9 architecture. Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept8

Adaptec Leading-Edge 6Gbs HBA Storage Solutions The SAS/SATA HBAs are the industry’s only PCIe Gen3 low-profile/MD2 form factor HBAs with 16 native ports. Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sept9

Kontron AdvancedTCA Open Modular Platforms Kontron’s carrier-grade AdvancedTCA® Open Modular platforms are pre-integrated application-ready systems designed to speed development for telecom, network and cloud applications. Learn More: em.avnet.com/sid_sep10 September 2013 | Systems inDesign

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Embedded Devices: Customization Made Easy Every device type has its own unique requirement—and each device within a product line has its own strategy for market success. Avnet Embedded is here to act as your trusted advisor and help you navigate the costs associated with customizing a Windows Embedded device. At Avnet Embedded, we help you: • Meet security standards • Integrate into existing applications • Choose which codecs, languages and inputs are required


FEATURE

Achieving Processor Platform Scalability and Consistent User Experiences From Portable to Fixed-installation HMI Panels with Graphics-optimized APUs and SOCs By Cameron Swen — Strategic Marketing Manager, AMD Embedded Solutions

With the newest generation of Human Machine Interface (HMI) technology, conventional ‘knob and button’ operator controls are being phased out in favor of touchscreen interfaces that in many ways mirror the consumer smartphone/tablet experience. This technology evolution promises to drive huge gains in productivity and control precision for the industrial control and automation domain. This evolution toward touchscreen HMI panels is also yielding a new generation of portable handheld HMI devices that have demonstrated significant value as functional complements to traditional fixed-installation panels. Designed for remote connectivity to central control panels, portable handheld HMI devices give system operators greater mobility on the factory floor and greater overall management flexibility. With consumer smartphone/tablet-like interfaces, operators can navigate these portable HMI devices in a similar manner as their personal

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

devices, interfacing with the system screen using intuitive gesture-based input. The emergence of portable handheld HMIs, however, has introduced a design quandary for HMI system developers when it comes to selecting the underlying processing platform. Where traditionally they employ high-performance processors for graphics- and compute-intensive fixed-installation HMI panels, these developers are tempted to utilize lower power, ARM-based mobile-optimized platforms for HMI devices in the handheld portable category. This ‘split platform’ strategy can pose several tradeoffs for developers and HMI operators alike. Here we’ll review some of the drawbacks of this approach, and the associated benefits afforded by Accelerated Processing Units (APUs) and System-On-Chips (SOCs) for HMI system developers seeking a scalable, unified processing platform optimized for both fixed-installation HMI panels and portable handheld devices. 13


FEATURE Achieving Processor Platform Scalability and Consistent User Experiences

THE TROUBLE WITH BIFURCATING THE PROCESSING PLATFORM Although handheld portable HMI devices are designed to be used independent of central HMI panels in a physical sense, they are frequently tethered, wired or wirelessly, to the central control panel, serving as a natural extension of the central system. Oftentimes, handheld HMI devices are designed to visually mirror the central HMI display, ensuring that an operator isn’t sacrificing visualization and/or management capabilities while operating the production line or machine remotely. Ensuring a consistent look and feel across both types of systems is considerably easier to do with a single, scalable underlying processing platform. This single platform approach is naturally beneficial to the HMI system vendor, yielding greater design efficiency and slimmer cost structures, with the flexibility to develop and maintain a single unified hardware and software architecture that can scale across the full product portfolio. Utilizing the embedded x86 platform yields additional efficiencies, enabling PC-compatibility and allowing developers to take advantage of a rich ecosystem of x86-optimized software, applications, operating systems and development environments. With x86 support, greater interoperability with the enterprise IT network can also be achieved, introducing benefits for applications including system maintenance, remote administration, security, and antivirus, while utilizing standard networking protocols to help integrate factory floor and distributed control system communication with IT infrastructure. Standardizing on a single processing platform benefits HMI system operators as well, providing a consistent user experience across fixed-installation and handheld portable HMI panels. Utilizing a familiar GUI and feature set across both types of systems can make learning and operating these systems faster and easier for users, yielding significant gains in productivity and precision control.

UNCOMPROMISING GRAPHICS The graphics processing performance provided by lowerperforming, mobile-optimized processors can be adequate for some handheld portable HMI devices, but may not be suitable for the latest generation of high-end touchscreen systems – these processors typically lack the ability to accommodate large screens at HD-caliber resolutions. For HMI devices and panels that utilize video and/or 3D graphics, this issue is considerably more pronounced – especially so for 3D graphics rendering, which is becoming increasingly popular as a means to enable 360 degree precision visualization for industrial process automation. It’s for this reason that HMI panel developers are increasingly seeking out processing platforms that support OpenGL, the multi-platform API for hardware accelerated 3D graphics rendering.

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AMD

For HMI systems that utilize video and 3D graphics, it’s also critical that the underlying processing performance is stable and reliable to help ensure that the multimedia playback doesn’t seize up mid-operation.

ACHIEVING SPACE- AND POWER-EFFICIENT MOBILE HMI DEVICES WITH APUs Given the aforementioned considerations, APUs have emerged as a compelling option for distributed HMI systems that incorporate a diverse range of graphics-intensive handheld portable devices and high-performance fixed-installation panels throughout the factory floor. Offering the ability to scale from low-end portable to high-end system support in the same small physical footprint, with seamless x86 interoperability, APUs can help provide consistent, high-speed graphics, video and 3D processing at performance-per-watt ratios that are well suited for power-sensitive, handheld portable devices. With a general purpose CPU and discrete-class GPU consolidated onto a single die, complemented with a high-speed bus architecture and shared, low-latency memory model, APUs can offload pixel data processing from CPU to GPU. This enables the CPU to serve I/O requests with much lower latency, which naturally helps to improve real-time graphics processing performance to levels that may exceed the capabilities of conventional processor architectures in many cases. The APU and its companion controller hub, comprising an elegant twochip architecture, also helps to minimize design complexity by reducing the number of embedded board layers. This helps HMI device developers to achieve aggressive form factor goals, which can in turn facilitate greater device mobility. APUs can also deliver compelling performance-per-watt gains that help enable low power consumption and low heat dissipation, in many cases eliminating the need for fan cooling within portable handheld HMI devices, which consequently helps to preserve PCB space, improve overall system reliability and limit system noise. AMD Embedded G-Series APUs, for example, support thermal design power (TDP) profiles from 5.5 W to 18 W, allowing HMI system developers to stay within the 25 W threshold at which passive cooling is an acceptable (and typically favorable) option. For portable HMI devices distributed throughout a harsh factory floor environment, average power as low as 2.3 W can enable passively cooled, ventless systems which are ideal in this environment. With the APU architecture, the integrated GPU can be applied to high-speed vector processing and/or graphics processing as needed, giving HMI system developers the versatility to target embedded headless designs and graphics-driven systems with a single processing platform. Balancing space savings, power

Systems inDesign | September 2013


Achieving Processor Platform Scalability and Consistent User Experiences

consumption and cooling efficiencies with high-performance graphics capabilities in a single scalable platform, APUs help provide consistent support for handheld portable HMI devices and high-end, fixed-installation HMI panels alike.

MULTISCREEN SUPPORT AND HARDWARE VIRTUALIZATION When selecting the underlying processing platform for their HMI systems, developers are increasingly mindful of a processor’s ability to support multi-display capabilities. Multi-display-capable processors can power a central screen as well as companion screens that could display manufacturing line data or analytics data from other systems distributed throughout the factory floor, for example. Panoramic display configurations for ‘wraparound’ HMI panels and/or massive multi-panel overhead displays for long-distance viewing across the factory floor can also be achieved with processor-supported multi-display capabilities. Hardware virtualization, which enables multiple operating systems and their applications to run on the same processor, is another key consideration for HMI system developers when selecting the underlying processing platform for their designs. This capability helps enable workload consolidation and/or the processor-level separation of GUI and real-time functions, and can facilitate the integration and, in some cases, the reduction of systems on the factory floor. For example, Windows® could run alongside deterministic real-time operating systems for HMI systems used in machine and process control applications.

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

AMD

APUs AND SOCs FOR SMOOTH SCALABILITY With the recent introduction of System-on-Chip (SOC) designs, designers can continue to build on the strength of the APU architecture to further accelerate processing performance and shrink the size and power of the processing platform for HMI applications. An SOC reduces the APU’s two-chip architecture – the APU and the companion I/O controller hub – with the siliconlevel integration of the I/O controller hub. With between 85 and 185 single precision GFLOPs of compute performance, the AMD G-Series SOC, for instance, can help accelerate image and vector processing. And with a footprint of only 24.5 mm x 24.5 mm, the SOC simplifies design complexity, helping enable HMI system developers to shorten design times and achieve aggressive form factor goals without sacrificing processing performance. Consistent, high-speed graphics performance is paramount to system scalability and user-intuitive operation in industrial applications, be it for a single-screen, handheld portable HMI device or centralized multi-screen HMI panel installation. APUs and the new generation of SOCs offer similarly compelling scalability advantages, supporting a wide range of performance and power profiles and thereby eliminating the need to bifurcate underlying processing platforms to accommodate both types of HMI systems, ultimately helping to enable significant design and operation efficiencies via a unified embedded hardware architecture. Visit the Avnet Web Feature on the AMD Embedded G-Series SOC for more information.

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Systems inDesign | September 2013


FEATURE

ADLINK’s Smart Panel Provides Full Flexibility and Reliability for Rail Transportation Systems ADLINK’s Smart Panel technology reduces the design cycle, enabling project completion within tight deadlines.

Today’s Human Machine Interface (HMI) is generally thought of as a computer system with graphic user interface for human beings to communicate with and control one or multiple machines. HMI is widely deployed in a variety of fields, ranging from machinery control, factory automation to process management. The intention of this kind of technology is to enable operators to monitor the status, send commands, and get feedback from an automatic system with more efficiency. Taking control and communication applications in rail transportation systems as an example, design requirements may cover a combination of demanding features, including: fast boot time; operations maintenance and software upload from a portable PC through a temporary connection; a range of I/O ports, wide input voltage range; dust and water-proof

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

mechanicals; and easy mounting. In addition, a solution capable of long-term reliability in a harsh environment that can reach sub-zero temperatures, experience fluctuating input voltage, as well as severe shock and vibration, may also be required. The other case would be Positive Train Control (PTC) system. Due to several severe and major train accidents occurred in the past years, for example, the one in Chatsworth, California in September 14, 2008, the installation of PTC system by December 31, 2015 is required, specifying on the locomotives, trains and tracks when the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008 was passed. Also, there are four initial requirements for implementing a PTC system in the law, which are: train separation or collision avoidance, line speed enforcement, temporary speed restriction as well as rail worker wayside safety.

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FEATURE ADLINK’s Smart Panel Provides Full Flexibility and Reliability for Rail Transportation Systems

ADLINK

Benefits of ADLINK’s Smart Panel

Flexible high-tech system foundation

ADLINK’s Smart Panel is a good fit for the train operator display as well as the PTC system, a critical component in a train’s signaling system. Located in the train operator’s cabin at each end of the train, the signaling system allows the train operator to read and view information from various train subsystems, such as actual and target speeds and distance. The train operator display requires reliable, ruggedized, well-integrated interactive displays, with flexible customization options. Also, with the implementation of Smart Panel, onboard control unit for automatic train protection can be provided on the basis of train control computer; onboard control unit for data management computing on the basis of compactPCI; as well as the HMI display based on a standard PC. ADLINK’s Smart Panel is the ideal solution for such design demands.

The integration of a main board, display module, and display cables in the Smart Panel enables a designer to start with a complete display solution, rather than a collection of individual components. Use of ADLINK’s Smart Panel technology reduces the design cycle significantly, enabling project completion within tight deadlines. In the case of a train signaling application, the entire time from program kick-off to delivery of fully certified hardware takes just under six months. ADLINK’s ruggedized Smart Panels are built to ensure a long lifespan, and are well-suited for such an environment; a five to seven year product life ensures excellent ROI and assures end users of reliable performance over time.

Furthermore, ADLINK’s series of Smart Panels presents a unique blend of features. The full-featured modular design is less than 2cm in thickness, supporting such new forms of transportation panel with half of thickness. The high-resolution color interface makes it easy for the user to read data and messages. The 800 cd/m2 high-brightness LCD panel delivers clear and easy viewing both indoors and under direct sunlight – a vast improvement over eligibility in bright ambience. The trendsetting integrated touch-screen function also eliminates system integrator concerns with stringent cleanliness requirements when binding a touch control screen to an LCD during the manufacturing process.

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Systems inDesign | September 2013


ADLINK’s Smart Panel Provides Full Flexibility and Reliability for Rail Transportation Systems

ADLINK

Summary

About ADLINK Smart Panel

ADLINK Smart Panel is a System on Display. It is the core building block in a display integrated computing platform. Smart Panel combines an LCD panel, CPU board, and touchscreen in a single compact package to provide:

Smart Panel = independent computing power + internet access

``

Reduced design burden for faster response to new market opportunities;

``

Flexible feature expansion for more design-win opportunities;

``

Shorter time to market for faster/higher ROI;

``

Minimized design risks to reduce the impact of failed projects;

``

And fewer BOM items for less operational complexity and reduced burden and cost.

Technical specifications ADLINK’s current Smart Panel line-up includes X86 and ARMbased CPU options in screen sizes of 7 to 15.6”, meeting virtually any requirement during the system development stage. High resolutions are supported (1920 x 1080) in two display ratios (4:3 and 16:9).On-board Wi-Fi enables remote monitoring to quickly and accurately access the progress of the production line, simplify materials management, and address issues. The introduction of the HMI in the Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) and Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems enhances data collection features, enabling more direct archiving in all forms of documents to provide users with the benefits of remote monitoring.

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

The Smart Panel is a system on display providing internet access through wired or wireless connectivity with computing power on a display unit. Like a system on chip (SOC), the Smart Panel’s many benefits increase the speed of electronic device development. ADLINK’s Smart Panel is the first display module combining independent computer power and internet access. Its highly integrated design makes it easy to implement in fully customized systems. The Smart Panel is a building block design for fast implementation of embedded internet, making it easy for engineers to implement a user interface into either stationary or mobile applications. ADLINK provides a reference design kit for system integrators, so solution providers can build solutions with shorter design cycle and fewer design risks. For more information on ADLINK’s products and solutions please visit their web site at www.adlinktech.com

19


INTELLIGENCE IN. AMAZING OUT. Solve retail challenges and create new consumer experiences > Retail today is different. New technologies, new channels, new consumer expectations. Intel-based retail solutions help retailers break through in this new dynamic, without breaking budgets. Because we understand the more intelligent the solution, the more amazing the experiences—in store, online and on mobile devices.

UP TO

$818 BILLION IN ANNUAL LOSSES among retailers from out-of-stock and discounted overstocked product1

UP TO

45%

OF INVENTORY DISTORTION

can be eliminated through technology and other business solutions2

Ending Inventory Distortion

1:1

8x GREATER SALES

INTELLIGENT SOLUTIONS

among consumers who shop on their mobile devices versus store-only shoppers3

enable the personalized engagement that shoppers seek across channels

Optimizing Converged Experiences

Out-of-stock or overstocked, in today’s multi-channel retail world the costs of inventory distortion add up quickly. Intel-based solutions that give you real-time views of what you have and what you need adds up to real opportunities to make the right sale at the right time.

Your most valuable customers shop in-store, online and on mobile devices. Your challenge is making sure every engagement is consistent and on-brand. Intel-based solutions enable fast, robust, secure analysis of every engagement, so your brand can be more nimble, and more personal.

Mobile: intelligentretail.intel.com Twitter: @RetailerInsight

Deliver brand experiences that drive customer loyalty and sales. Download our FREE Retail Solution Blueprints at intel.com/retailsolutions Intel Corporation. Intel and Intel logo are trademarks of Intel Corporation. ©IHL2013Group Report: $818 Billion Lost Annually in Global Retail 2012 IBM Smarter Commerce for Retail Report 2012 1

2

3

Stores.org: “Tying it All Together”; November 2012


FEATURE

Intel® Retail Client Manager Reach the right audience at the right time with the right message. Overview

Intel® Retail Client Manager Software

Intel® Retail Client Manager is the intelligent software solution for managing content across con

Managing a digital signage infrastructure and its supporting touchpoints. Schedule and launch more strategic and relevant marketing campaigns for targeted software is not a trivial task. But retailers can simplify the they need it most, in real-time, from anywhere. entire process with the Intel® Retail Client Manager, an intelligent, intuitive software solution for managing content and devices across consumer digital touchpoints. This software solution delivers a seamless and xonsistent experience that is personalized, relevant and meaningful.

Easy to Use Non-technical employees can quickly learn how to use the intuitive content management system (CMS) software – no dedicated staff required. Easily broadcast video, images, sound and advertisements together or separately across a digital signage network. ``

Compose campaigns in minutes

``

Customize content on the fly

``

Deliver marketing content in real-time

``

Control each digital sign independently

``

Manage access with permissions

``

Receive real-time error reports

``

Respond to touch screen inputs or sensor data

Intel® Retail Client Manager

Build playlists for each zone to create highly dynamic displays.

Reduce Time and Effort Create and manage content with drag-and-drop ease. Design eye-catching campaigns with multiple zones playing just about any type of content: HD video, FLASH, images, web content, RSS, Silverlight and TV (terrestrial, satellite or cable).

Lower Advertising Costs Convert from traditional, in-store static signs to digital, and eliminate costs for paper, printing, transportation and setup, while also being more ecologically-friendly. Digital signs offer many advantages over static signs, such as the ability to target messages to an aisle or store, increase price and brand accuracy, and quickly modify prices and messages to changing conditions, as needed. Outdated paper signs, especially when not taken down after a promotion ends, detract from the store’s brand image.

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

Figure 1 Using Intel® Retail Client Manager, operators can schedule and launch strategic and relevant marketing campaigns for targeted audiences, when they need it most, in real-time, from anywhere. Content and scheduling can easily be adjusted based on weather conditions, shopper preferences, audience demographics and more.

21


® FEATURE Intel Retail Client Manager

Figure 2 Configure the software to play an advertisement targeting men when the audience in front of the digital sign is male.

Target Marketing Messages What you can measure, you can improve and optimize. Using Intel® AIM Suite Technology, digital signage networks can now be used to gauge the effectiveness of their content by measuring how much time people spend looking at displays, and determining the effectiveness of advertisements at capturing the attention of an audience. This anonymous information allows brands and retailers to tailor advertising content based on audience behavior and characteristics, helping to show the right message to the right people at the right time. The solution: ``

Detects the number of viewers

``

Determines viewer demographics (e.g., gender and age group)

``

Measures dwell time and average view time

``

Correlates Proof-of-Play data, demographics and time of day

Increase Sales and Brand Awareness Animated digital content attracts many more viewers than equivalent static posters – four to six times more viewers,

Intel®

Figure 3 Animated digital content attracts more viewers than static posters.

according to a study conducted at the Venetian Hotel in Las Vegas.1 Consequently, digital signage helps retailers better connect with customers and increase brand awareness, leading to higher sales.

Reduce Support Costs Retail IT departments can minimize costly onsite repair visits using Intel AMT to remotely diagnose and repair the devices. The technology integrated in the Intel Retail Client Manager enables technicians to power-cycle machines and repair software issues, along with other device management tasks. A keyboard-videomouse (KVM) feature allows technicians to control the system as if they’re sitting right in front of it, even when the system is down. This secure link can also be used to send software updates and security patches between individual machines and headquarters. This solution runs seamlessly on Intel® Core™ processor-based media players. For more information on the Intel Retail Client Manager, please visit: www.intel.com/rcm

1 Source: “A Report on a Field Trial of Anonymous Video Analytics (AVA) in Digital Signage,” pg 4, https://aimsuite.intel.com/sites/default/files/resources/White Paper - A Report on a Field Trial of Anonymous Video Analytics (AVA).pdf.

INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED IN CONNECTION WITH INTEL PRODUCTS. NO LICENSE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY ESTOPPEL OR OTHERWISE, TO ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IS GRANTED BY THIS DOCUMENT. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN INTEL’S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE FOR SUCH PRODUCTS, INTEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER, AND INTEL DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY, RELATING TO SALE AND/OR USE OF INTEL PRODUCTS INCLUDING LIABILITY OR WARRANTIES RELATING TO FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, COPYRIGHT OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT. UNLESS OTHERWISE AGREED IN WRITING BY INTEL, THE INTEL PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED NOR INTENDED FOR ANY APPLICATION IN WHICH THE FAILURE OF THE INTEL PRODUCT COULD CREATE A SITUATION WHERE PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH MAY OCCUR. Intel may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice. Designers must not rely on the absence or characteristics of any features or instruction s marked “reserved” or “undefined.” Intel reserves these for future definition and shall have no responsibility whatsoever for conflicts or incompatibilities arising from future changes to them. The information here is subject to change without notice. Do not finalize a design with this information. The products described in this document may contain design defects or errors known as errata which may cause the product to deviate from published specifications. Current characterized errata are available on request. Contact your local Intel sales office or your distributor to obtain the latest specifications and before placing your product order. Copies of documents which have an order number and are referenced in this document, or other Intel literature, may be obtained by calling 1-800-548-4725, or by visiting Intel’s Web site at www.intel.com. Copyright © 2013 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel, the Intel logo and Intel Core are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

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Systems inDesign | September 2013


Innovate. Faster.

Give your solution a running start by leveraging enterprise-class systems. Your job: get your product to market. Faster than the competition—and with margins that give you a healthy profit. Our job: reducing risks for innovators and engineers with tested, proven platforms for purpose-built devices and appliances. Learn how we can get you to market at the speed you demand.

Visit: avnetenterprise.com Email:buildoembetter@avnet.com Call:800-440-5502

Š 2013 Avnet, Inc. All rights reserved. The Avnet Embedded logo is a registered trademark and Accelerating Your Success is a trademark of Avnet, Inc. All other products, brands and names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

Realize the Potential of Connected Data


FEATURE

Windows Embedded Platform for HMI An Excerpt from a Windows Embedded White Paper Human-machine interface (HMI) solutions are among the largest market opportunities for device manufacturers. The HMI market is more than $1.5 billion and growing at a healthy rate. Windows Embedded provides one trusted platform to build sustainable, converged industrial solutions with state-of-the-art HMI elements.

Windows Embedded powered solutions connect diverse systems and devices while maintaining compatibility with industry standards. And Windows Embedded enables provision of remote management and diagnostic services, which generate business insight that would otherwise remain out of reach.

These solutions meet the expectations of a diverse workforce set by increasingly intuitive consumer devices in personal use. They also offer your customers familiar tools and design solutions, a high degree of security at reduced cost, and reduced time-to-market. Windows Embedded powered solutions connect diverse technologies while maintaining compatibility with industry standards. The customized solution you offer will be compatible with your customers’ existing systems.

Today’s industrial settings face a unique mix of trends and challenges:

Today’s industrial environments are made smarter, more efficient, and more sustainable by pervasive computing power. Connected, intelligent systems can have a transformative effect. The costs of computing power, performance, network connectivity, and bandwidth are all constantly improving. Cloud computing options are maturing. Information technology is entering a new era of intelligent systems and business models, lending a competitive edge for organizations that take advantage.

24

``

Sustainability – Energy concerns influence product and operational planning. Windows Embedded enables “green” industrial solutions to help save energy costs and reduce environmental impact.

``

Device Convergence – Workers want access to information via a broad range of device types regardless of location. Windows Embedded delivers smart, connected industrial solutions.

``

Security – Corporate data and transaction information must be protected in a highly networked environment. Windows Embedded helps to protect connected devices and safeguard enterprise networks.

``

Falling Barriers to Capital & Resource Movement – Today’s industrial company can connect more easily and cheaply with global supply chains, but local markets differ. Windows Embedded solutions connect widely dispersed plants and supply chain networks.

Systems inDesign | September 2013


Windows Embedded Platform for HMI

``

Changing Demographics – A diverse industrial workforce expects workplace devices to be as usable as those in their personal lives. Windows Embedded solutions feature natural user interfaces on the plant floor and across the business.

``

Complex Regulations – Compliance with government and industry rules is increasingly complicated. Windows Embedded solutions help OEMs build devices that comply with industry standards.

``

``

Digital Infrastructure – Smart, connected devices open doors to new services — and new data and revenue streams. Windows Embedded enables new value-added services such as remote management and diagnostics. Emerging Markets – Industrial organizations must be able to respond with agility to shifting conditions in new markets they enter. Windows Embedded solutions can provide data to business intelligence tools in order to generate new business insight.

For manufacturing customers seeking every competitive edge, Windows Embedded delivers improved human-machine interface (HMI) design, which aids workforce satisfaction and productivity. More broadly, Windows Embedded is the nucleus of custom solutions to the principal pain points experienced by manufacturers worldwide as they grapple with diverse challenges — from building more sustainable, “green” products and processes to connecting diverse technologies while maintaining compatibility with industry standards.

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

Windows Embedded

In addition, with a Windows Embedded solution, device manufacturers can offer customers the ability to enable valueadd services, such as remote management and diagnostics, which provide data to business intelligence tools — helping them generate new business insight. Windows Embedded intelligent systems represent proven, reliable solutions for optimizing today’s advanced manufacturing environment. Learn more about Windows Embedded as an HMI platform in this white paper. For more information on Windows Embedded solutions from Avnet, please visit http://avnetmssolutions.com Additional Resources Brochure: Windows Embedded Industrial Solutions Product Overview: Windows Embedded 8 Industry Video: Transforming Business in Manufacturing

25


FEATURE

End to End NAND Flash Solution Selection and Configuration Minimizing The Challenges of Embedded NAND SSD Implementations Samina Subedar — Marketing Manager, ATP Electronics Multiple challenges arise with the implementation of Embedded SSD projects. Potential problems involve usage model variance and untraditional usage models. Another issue is the longevity and reliability of SSD under dynamic change given the various applications of SSDs. Furthermore, mistakes commonly occur in solution selection, which can be easily avoided. To combat these complications, ATP focuses on three areas of solution selection: NAND configuration, firmware/setting configuration, and host setting configuration.

Challenges of Embedded SSD Implementations Usage Model Variance Embedded SSD projects all have variations in the file read/write requirements, such as the file size. Static versus dynamic data is also taken into consideration. For example, a boot device is read only, whereas data logging is cyclic and has a small file write. Other differences in usage models are in their intended environmental conditions: some are meant to be operated or stored in gradient/cycling temperatures, some can only withstand certain ranges of humidity or vibration/shock, and others have specific cold starts. Usage Models can also have differing OS/ File systems (they are often custom-made). Finally, they have various application requirements, such as fixed versus removal form factors and the frequency/manner of insertion, power-cycling requirements, and bandwidth/performance requirements.

Untraditional Usage Models Untraditional usage models can be problematic for embedded SSD implementations. Untraditional usage for NAND has certain requirements for SLC, and density/cost requirements of MLC. For example, there are endurance requirements between MLC/eMLC, but there is also a high requirement for data retention. Another untraditional usage model regarding industry standards involves form factors and protocol schemes, which have been developed for customer usage. A specific example of an untraditional usage model is in-vehicle infotainment and navigation data, where removability is required for future map updates. This usage model has mostly read with very little to no write; small amounts of data are commonly read and the remaining data is intermittently read. This model focuses on reliability under long-term data retention over a wide temperature range. Longevity/Reliability Under Dynamic Change Given that the NAND/DRAM industry is fast moving, IC architecture and the manufacturing process are continuously evolving. Embedded and industrial applications typically involve longer term, more costly validation/qualification requirements as well as increased sensitivity to stability and control on BOM (Bill of Materials) as seen in Figure 1. The ATP support focus includes a long sustaining phase for increased customer support. These applications also require increased liability and strict requirements for DPM (Defects per Million) failure rate.

Figure 1

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

27


FEATURE End to End NAND Flash Solution Selection and Configuration

Common Mistakes in Solution Selection The solution selection process is often riddled with mistakes such as one-dimensional cost evaluation (commonly cost per density/ GB). The TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) of a solution should include the cost per TBW (Total Bytes Written)/endurance, re-qualification costs, and the AFR (Annual Failure Rate). The re-evaluation of solutions under die changes is insufficient if the solution/density evaluations are only under new product introductions. Often, sustaining-level qualifications are simplified/inadequate, or if densities and the solution itself have to change upon die revision. Another common mistake in solution selection is incorrect timing of BOM planning. BOMs are often selected with recommended cost/availability timing during early new product introductions, but they are not ideal for mass production. This may result in redundant multiple qualifications during introduction of the product or even during mass production ramp up.

Three Areas of Proper Solution Selection Proper solution selection requires the right NAND controller solution and proper information exchange. With a hardware setup established, controller settings can be optimized and tested by project requirement. In many cases, the host usage model or software configurations are fixed, but just as often there is simply a lack of information exchange on possible ways to optimize the host for more efficient and thus more cost effective usage of the storage device. NAND Configuration Successful NAND configuration calls for proper information exchange. Initially, it is important to establish project reliability and performance requirements. Project usage model details must be communicated to the SSD vendor for analysis on the WAI (write amplification index) efficiency. Project schedule and supply chain windows also need to be established. Finally, it is necessary to evaluate NAND and density options to establish cost effectiveness in terms of cost per GB, cost per Usage/TBW, cost per longevity

ATP

window, as well as the satisfaction of project reliability and performance hard requirements. Figure 2 indicates the different attribute levels for various NAND flash types. Firmware/Setting Configuration Many industry standards require support for different interface modes, a “trial and error” scenario must be avoided, and the correct interface mode settings must be established once. Other factors that need to be considered are the density/provisioning settings, such as duplication/content loading environment/requirements and over-provisioning. SSD information access settings must also be configured, including the usage/wear/health status, the SMART command set settings for ATA devices, and special command set settings for other devices. Finally, there are special functions for encryption, serialization/keys, and power cycling recovery. There are also special commands to trigger special SSD functions and application-specific special controller algorithms (e.g. Auto Refresh techniques to combat data retention issues). Host Setting Configuration There are host settings that require configuration, such as file read/write sizes. Page/block sizes continue to grow, but many embedded applications remain at very small file sizes. The NAND flash/controller management unit size, block, and page sizes need to be communicated by BOM to allow for possible host optimization and improvement on the WAI. Additionally, file systems and OS environments are often directly drafted over from a previous implementation on HDD and need to be revisited for SSDs. A third host setting is the host response to SSD health status, which signals the scheme to the server or user based on the SSD health status. The host usage mode response to SSD health status is another setting. Finally, switching over from a discrete NAND implementation to a managed NAND solution often involves ‘deprogramming’ the host from trying to implement its own wear leveling and block level management algorithms – thus second guessing the controller should be avoided.

Figure 2 Attribute Levels for NAND Flash Types.

28

Systems inDesign | September 2013


End to End NAND Flash Solution Selection and Configuration

ATP

Conclusion

About ATP

With the increasing diversity of NAND options and applicationspecific controller setting/features, deeper considerations and additional information exchange should be included for the proper selection of an embedded NAND SSD. There are multiple factors that should always be discussed, including usage model details, project longevity requirements and sensitivity/cost to re-qualification, cost metrics (cost per TBW, cost per longevity window, and cost/GB), and project NPI and ramp schedules. Deeper collaboration with your embedded SSD vendor is vital for proper information exchange for every qualification and every die revision. Demand more active feedback from your embedded SSD vendor regarding your specific usage model and the appropriate cost effective solution.

ATP Electronics is a leading manufacturer of high performance, high quality and durable NAND flash memory solutions and DRAM memory modules. With over twenty years of experience in service based memory products, ATP continues to focus on mission critical applications such as industrial, telecom, medical and enterprise computing where high levels of technical support, performance consistency and wide operating temperature ranges are required. ATP offers unique flash technologies such as PowerProtector, Secure Erase and recently introduced the Elevated Temperature Burn in Testing system to screen for SMT related assembly issues and IC infant mortality. ATP also offers extensive supply chain support with controlled/fixed BOMs and long product life cycles, with components sourced from the Micron’s Product Longevity Program with a guaranteed life cycle of up to ten years.

ATP provides Solution Selection Services, such as the project TCO evaluation process (which quantifies several solution options/ densities) and the joint validation program (involving joint testing processes at the system level). Multiple information exchange services are available, such as quarterly market updates and embedded SSD technology trends, and NAND Validation/ Testing Reports that focus on embedded usage models, various environmental conditions, and their associated NAND bit error rates. Other ATP resources include solution whitepapers on specific failures encountered in industrial and embedded application segments.

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

For more information please visit the ATP Electronics Web site www.atpinc.com sales@atpinc.com ATP USA: (408) 732 5000.

29


DEFY INERTIA A PLATFORM WITHOUT BOUNDARIES

redhat.com/embedded

Copyright © 2013 Red Hat, Inc. Red Hat, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, the Shadowman logo, and JBoss are trademarks of Red Hat, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Linux® is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries.

RHEL_Platform_Boundries_PrintAd_9x12_11347807_0813MM.indd 1

8/19/13 10:32 AM


FEATURE

Speed Time-to-Market as a Red Hat Embedded Partner What is it? Red Hat offers partner benefits to assist software, hardware, and service providers in building turnkey solutions based on innovative Red Hat® technologies. Through this worldwide partner ecosystem, you can construct a joint relationship with Red Hat as a trusted technology supplier. For embedded ISV partners, Red Hat supplies resources to integrate, certify, and bundle industryleading open source Linux®, virtualization, and Java middleware platforms. As a Red Hat partner, you can focus on adding strategic business value to your product, bringing solutions to market faster while improving your customers’ experience.

What are the Advantages? Red Hat understands that your business depends on providing customers an optimal solution at an economical price. Red Hat Enterprise Linux is clearly more affordable than legacy UNIX platforms and is cost-effective compared to other open source Linux environments. In a 2011 study, IDC even pointed out that the TCO of “free” Linux can be 48% more expensive1. And in contrast to proprietary solutions, JBoss® Enterprise Middleware is a low-cost, open source alternative with enterprise-class performance, scalability, and stability. When your customers purchase a turnkey solution, they look for simplicity and the convenience of a single point of contact. For this reason, you control the software stack as a Red Hat

Embedded Program partner. Whether your customer needs proven reliability and stability, timely security fixes, long-term maintenance, around-the-clock support, or advanced features in the latest Red Hat versions, you directly manage software releases and the customer relationship. Increasingly, customers seek solutions that are easy to deploy and manage in any architecture  —  bare-metal, virtual, or cloud. By integrating your solution with market-leading, standardsbased platforms from Red Hat, you gain greater flexibility in meeting your customers’ needs. As you migrate your software platform from physical to virtual to cloud, Red Hat Enterprise Linux retains compatibility without the need for application changes, protecting your software investment. This gives you broad choices in the platforms you can offer.

What are the details? As part of the embedded program, you gain distribution rights, allowing you to ship Red Hat software as an integrated component of your turnkey solution. In addition, you receive benefits as a Red Hat partner and from the purchase of a developer’s subscription, which is required. Specific benefits include: ``

Software releases, including major upgrades, minor updates, and maintenance and security fixes. For early certification, access to pre-releases is also available.

``

Unlimited access to Red Hat’s industry-leading support organization for assistance in all phases of your application lifecycle, including planning, architecting, development, and production.

``

Access to Red Hat’s award-winning Customer portal containing Red Hat knowledgebase, forums, reference architectures, FAQs, and documentation.

``

Development tools. Partners purchase development subscriptions and receive access to Red Hat software and support. The JBoss Partner Developer subscription also includes a useful development environment  —  the JBoss Developer Studio.

``

Access to the partner help desk. This resource provides 24x7 support for your product teams along with escalation of highpriority issues and product directions.

``

Joint marketing support, including press releases, case studies, newsletters, and Red Hat sponsored events.

Red Hat Partner Program Continuum Partner Help Desk

Embedded Distribution rights Flexible product pricing Developer support

SIs

Joint Marketing

Updates and Fixes

ISVs Portal, Forums, and KnowledgeBase

Free Developer Code Access

Reference Architectures

Operating System, Virtualization, and Middleware Technologies

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

31


FEATURE Speed Time-to-Market as a Red Hat Embedded Partner

What are the Products? The embedded program covers three Red Hat offerings: ``

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server and add-ons (availability, scalability, and management).

``

Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization for Servers, including the hypervisor and virtualization management system.

``

JBoss Enterprise Middleware for application and service hosting, business rules management, content aggregation, data federation, and service integration.

Red Hat delivers updates containing critical security fixes, defect repairs, and new features. To achieve software compatibility, these releases maintain strict API and ABI compliance. Many turnkey providers add Extended Lifecycle Support (which increases platform life up to 10 years) and the Extended Update Support options to provide more flexibility in updating product based on your schedules.

How Do I Qualify? There are only two requirements to participate in the Red Hat Embedded Program: ``

Create and redistribute an integrated physical, virtual, or software appliance containing Red Hat software.

``

Be your customer’s single point of contact for access to Red Hat support and maintenance.

Your organization provides front-line support backed by Red Hat’s world-class service organization. Your partner agreement and subscriptions allow you to tap into an around-the-clock, global network of experienced, knowledgeable, and motivated support engineers. And unlike small Linux providers that can’t keep pace with new features and timely fixes, Red Hat engineers respond, escalate, and quickly resolve your high-priority problems when they occur.

Red Hat

Today Red Hat Enterprise Linux is the world’s leading open source Linux solution, capturing more than 61% of annual server shipments consistently in the past four years2. This market share is driven by proven open source leadership — Red Hat is the leading commercial contributor to the Linux kernel, maintaining buy-off authority for over 37% of kernel changes. With thousands of hardware and software certifications, the momentum behind Red Hat Enterprise Linux continues to escalate. By integrating Red Hat software into your product, you can take advantage of this existing base and be poised for fast growth as customers increasingly look to deploy turnkey solutions. In the embedded market, open source is key in keeping costs low. It makes your solution more portable and prevents vendor lock-in, which is a distinct advantage of choosing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over proprietary platforms. If your solution requires middleware, JBoss is the market’s leading open source solution. Whether you deploy on-site or via a cloud services model, you can configure a JBoss server platform to match the Java workload — from light to highly transactional — and never worry about vendor lock-in. Choosing open source operating system, virtualization, or Java middleware platforms from Red Hat gives you a solid foundation on which to create an economical turnkey solution. At the same time, your partnership with Red Hat gives you resources that help nurture your success. Learn more about Red Hat’s partnership with Avnet Embedded Red Hat’s partnership with Avnet Embedded For more information about Red Hat products and solutions, contact your local Avnet Embedded Account Manager. For more information about becoming a partner in the Red Hat Embedded Program, please visit

WHY RED HAT?

www.redhat.com/embedded

Red Hat believes that open source promotes rapid innovation, fosters interoperability, and encourages standards compliance. Based on this premise, Red Hat has achieved remarkable success, becoming the first open source software provider to reach over $1 billion in revenues.

1 Understanding Linux Deployment Strategies: The Business Case for Standardizing on Red Hat Enterprise Linux , IDC, April 2011 2 IDC Worldwide Operating Environments, IDC #227778, April 2011

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» The right partner, the right decision « Nothing is more rewarding than knowing you made the right decision. Kontron, together with Avnet Embedded, is helping customers make smart decisions every day. We are the invaluable, extended resource to telecom equipment vendors to design, configure, integrate and deliver standardized carrier grade platforms specifically tailored to their network application solutions. Be it for LTE EPC, IMS, Content Delivery, or Carrier Cloud networks. With ISO 9001-2008 certified integration facilities, Avnet Embedded offers world-class expertise to supply ‘Application-Ready’ Kontron 40G AdvancedTCA platforms and complementary communication rack mount server solutions. Customers maximize existing resources, operate more efficiently and reduce costs associated with any new product development. That’s the confidence that comes with the right partner, the right decision.

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FEATURE

Balancing requirements to simplify HMI design challenges By providing an operational interface to instruments, machinery, or other equipment, a human-machine interface (HMI) system can help equipment operators quickly grasp the state of equipment and take effective action to ensure proper function. For complex equipment or harsh operating environments, HMI design presents a variety of challenges to engineers. By identifying the unique HMI requirements for specific application areas, designers can focus on key capabilities and find a variety of technologies well suited for efficient development of HMI systems. A well-designed HMI system provides a clear representation of the state of the underlying system and provides methods for the user to control that system. For HMI system designers, the predominant challenge lies in providing an interface that helps the user easily recognize the current state of the underlying system and quickly modify system operation to cure or prevent potential problems. In a very real sense, the HMI system is the system to the user. A well-designed HMI system can enhance users’ understanding of the underlying system’s operation and capabilities and improve their confidence in both their ability to manage the system and in the system’s ability to achieve its objectives.

HMI design considerations Consequently, the first step in achieving a successful HMI system design requires achieving a match between the operational objectives of the underlying system on one hand and users’ needs for information and control of the system on the other. Despite trends in presenting more data in more complex analytic representations, HMI systems are more effective when integrating only the data and presenting only the information that fits the specific needs of the underlying system’s users. In this sense, successful HMI design depends heavily on a careful understanding of operations -- not only of the equipment itself but of the interaction of equipment operators with that equipment. Complicating this process, however, environmental factors introduce further demands on reliability and functionality. HMI systems placed in harsh environments represent vastly different requirements than those designed to provide monitoring and control functions in medical equipment in hospitals or clean rooms in semiconductor fabrication facilities.

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

Indeed, industrial HMI designs can find themselves facing extremes of moisture, temperature, and physical handling that are simply not encountered in many other HMI applications. In these cases, designers can turn to more robust components and enclosures designed to resist heat, shock, vibration, and vandalism. At the same time, the HMI design should be able to withstand continued use for the duration of the lifecycle of the underlying equipment. Along with the need to address the functionality requirements of the application, HMI systems typically must also conform to a variety of regulatory requirements and standards. For example, systems designed for military applications must ensure conformance to DoD Human Engineering standard MILSTD1472F, while others must meet federal standards established in the Americans With Disabilities Act – as well as more specific industry, national and international standards associated with specific application areas. Balancing conformance with functional requirements can be a significant challenge in itself.

HMI design For many purely mechanical applications, a well-executed HMI design may provide simple machine control through a series of pushbuttons, toggles, rotary switches and the like. For output, the HMI system could deliver operational feedback through lamps or LEDs to represent machine state – on/ready/off, for example – and environmental conditions through gauges for temperature and speed, among others. For most systems, however, the use of embedded microcontrollers, sophisticated sensors, and computer-controlled actuators within the underlying equipment drives the need for correspondingly more sophisticated HMI systems. In this case, MCU-based HMI designs are necessary to support the greater variety of systems states and control functions. Indeed, a typical HMI design combines an MCU with associated user input/output options, graphics support and communications capabilities tuned to the needs of the particular application (Figure 1).

Source: Freescale Semiconductor For many applications, input and output functionality is combined in a touchscreen, which can provide a more intuitive interface for the human operator. Increasingly, touchscreen solutions take advantage of the same projected capacitive (PCAD) technology

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FEATURE Balancing requirements to simplify HMI design challenges

Avnet Embedded

Figure 1 A typical intelligent HMI design is a sophisticated embedded system that combines a processor with application-specific hardware support for graphics and connectivity.

used in smartphones to support complex multi-touch gestures. Yet, PCAD touchscreens can prove problematic in harsh environments, where oil, dirt, or other surface contaminants can degrade performance and reliability. For very harsh environments, designers can turn to sealed membrane keyboards and LCD displays encased in protective housing. Still, if the application is best suited to touchscreen use, HMI designers can draw on touchscreen technologies including resistive, infrared, and surface-acoustic wave (SAW) devices better suited to harsh environmental conditions and able to respond to input from a gloved finger or stylus, for example. In the past, touchscreens were unable to replicate the tactile confirmation inherent in depressing a key or switch. Today, however, the availability of haptics drivers are able to deliver vibration feedback when the operator interacts with the touchscreen. Here, when the user touches the screen, the application processor is notified of the event and activates a haptics driver, which in turn drives an actuator to deliver vibrations felt as immediate tactile feedback by the touchscreen user.

High-performance HMI Ultimately, however, the most pressing requirements for feedback lie in delivering information on the operation of the underlying equipment. Increasingly, HMI designs need to present more complex visual feedback, using graphics and even live video to provide an easily understood representation of system state and operational characteristics. Within the HMI system itself, the

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analysis and graphical rendering of more sophisticated charts and graphs drives the need for more sophisticated processors and graphics capabilities. To meet the processing demands presented by these applications, designers can turn to a broad array of processors. MCUs in Texas Instruments’ ARM-based Sitara AM335x family, for example, combine a high-performance Cortex-A8 core with on-chip graphics processing hardware. Similarly, Freescale Semiconductor’s i.MX family combines multiple ARM Cortex-A9 cores with an extensive set of on-chip graphics and imageprocessing capabilities (Figure 2). For challenging signal processing requirements, digitalsignal processor (DSP) devices such as the Analog Devices Blackfin processor combine programmable flexibility with high-performance execution of complex analysis algorithms. Alternatively, designers can turn to architectures that combine general-purpose processors such as the Intel Atom with FPGAs able to implement high-speed data processing pipelines. By offloading specialized computations to the FPGA, these hybrid architectures can deliver high performance while retaining compatibility even with more familiar systems platforms. As requirements shift, designers can use this approach to scale more easily to higher performance solutions (Figure 3). Although an HMI system can tie into higher level networks through conventional Ethernet, WiFi, and broadband technologies, these systems typically must support more specialized communications

Systems inDesign | September 2013


Balancing requirements to simplify HMI design challenges

System Control Secure JTAG

Avnet Embedded

Connectivity

CPU Platform Quad ARM® Cortex™-A9 Core

PLL, Osc. Clock and Reset

32 KB I-Cache per Core NEON per Core

Smart DMA

32 KB D-Cache per Core PTM per Core

MMC 4.4/ SD 3.0x3

USB2 HSIC Host x2

MMC 4.4/ SDXC

MIPI HSI

IOMUX

1 MB L2-Cache + VFPv3

UART x5, 5 Mbps

Timer x3

Multimedia Hardware Graphics Accelerators

I2C x2, SPI x5

PWM x4

3D

Watch Dog x2

2D

Power Management

Video Codecs 1080p30 Enc/Dec

Power Supplies

Temperature Monitor

Internal Memory ROM

RAM Security

RNG

Security Cntrl.

TrustZone

Secure RTC

Ciphers

eFuses

Vector Graphics Audio ASRC

Imaging Processing Unit Resizing and Blending Image Enhancement Inversion/Rotation Display and Camera Interface HDMI and PHY

24-bit RGB, LVDS (x2)

MIPI DSI

20-bit CSI

ESAI, I2S/SSI x3 3.3V GPIO Keypad S-ATA and PHY 3 Gbps USB2 OTG and PHY USB2 Host and PHY

S/PDIF Tx/Rx PCle 2.0 (1-Lane) FlexCAN x2 MLB150 + DTCP 1 Gb Ethernet + IEEE® 1588 NAND Cntrl. (BCH40 LP-DDR2, DDR3/ LV-DDR3 x32/64, 533 MHz

MIPI CSI2

Figure 2 HMI designs can build on highly integrated, multi-core processors can include on-chip hardware for graphics acceleration and image processing. Source: Freescale Semiconductor.

networks. In factory automation applications, HMI systems will often need to support industry-standard wired protocols such as CAN, UART, USB OTG, I2C for local communications as well as deterministic Ethernet-based communications protocols such as PROFIBUS/PROFINET, Ethernet/IP, EtherCAT, Powerlink, ModbusTCP, or SERCOS III.

AM335x devices integrate a specialized Programmable Real-time Unit based Industrial Communication Subsystem (PRU-ICSS) comprising two 200-MHz RISC cores and associated peripherals (Figure 4). The on-chip PRU-ICSS hardware is able to boost realtime performance of industrial-automation protocols including PROFIBUS/PROFINET, Ethernet/IP and EtherCAT.

At the same time, the growing reliance on wireless data exchange could dictate a need to support one or more wireless technologies based on IEEE 802 standards including WiFi 802.11a/b/g/n, Bluetooth 802.15.1, ZigBee 802.15.4, and UWB 802.15.3. While wireless technologies may be unable to provide a high-bandwidth communications solution due to available radio power, distance, or interfering signals, market demands and even regulatory compliance issues may nevertheless dictate their use. For example, ZigBee-based wireless communications offers an advantage in some medical applications because it meets the security requirements of the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA).

For developing an HMI application, engineers can take advantage of single-board computers (SBCs) that typically include the foundation for an HMI design. SBCs typically combine the necessary peripheral and I/O functionality with lowpower, high-performance processors needed to accelerate HMI design development.

Advanced processors suited to HMI applications typically integrate a broad array of connectivity applications. For example, TI

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

In fact, engineers can draw on a variety of starter kits designed specifically to support HMI development and built around many of the processors mentioned previously. For example, the Analog Devices BF518F FMC Development Kit combines a Analog Devices BF518F low-power Blackfin processor and Microsoft .NET Micro Framework with SDRAM, flash, and multiple connectivity operations. The kit supports an external TFT-LCD for rounding out an HMI design.

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FEATURE Balancing requirements to simplify HMI design challenges

Avnet Embedded

Figure 3 A hybrid approach HMI systems design combines a general-purpose processor running off-the-shelf software with an FPGA programmed to address high-performance, time-sensitive processing requirements. As requirements evolve, designers can replace the processor or FPGA with more powerful devices. Source: Intel

Texas Instruments’ AM335x Starter Kit combines wired and wireless connectivity options including dual Gigabit Ethernet, WiFi, and Bluetooth – along with a 4.3-inch resistive touch LCD. Engineers can also explore FPGA-based HMI designs with kits such as the Actel Icicle Demonstration Kit based on the Actel IGLOO FPGA (Figure 5). The kit combines the IGLOO-based board with an HMI daughter card featuring a standard cell phone keypad with switches, white and RGB LEDs, and a small speaker. Altera’s Nios II Embedded Evaluation Kit, Cyclone III Edition, offers an 800 x 400 color LCD touch screen, Ethernet and serial I/O operations. Based on the Cyclone III FPGA, the Altera kit includes the Altera Design Suite comprising Quartus II FPGA design software, ModelSim FPGA simulation software, and evaluation versions of RTOS and communications stack software.

Figure 4 Processors such as the Texas Instruments AM335x family support HMI connectivity requirements with a Programmable Real-time Unit (PRU) for industrial communications protocol. Source: Texas Instruments

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For engineers looking to evaluate hybrid architectures, the Nano-ITX Spartan-6 FPGA Development Kit combines an Intel

Systems inDesign | September 2013


Balancing requirements to simplify HMI design challenges

Avnet Embedded

Figure 5 Designers can jumpstart HMI development with kits such as the Actel IGLOO FPGA-based Icicle Demonstration Kit and HMI daughter card. Source: Actel

Atom E640-processor-based motherboard with a Spartan-6 FPGA-based PCIe board. The kit also includes an 8 GB SSD, design software, reference design, and necessary cables.

Conclusion HMI systems are intended to provide users with the ability to monitor and control the operation of underlying instruments, machinery, or equipment. As such, their design requires a careful balance between complexity required to manage the equipment and simplicity required to ensure correct understanding and operation of that equipment. To achieve this balance, HMI system designers can turn to solutions as simple as panels of

September 2013 | Systems inDesign

switches and LEDs representing equipment status. For more complex equipment, however, HMI designers will need to create sophisticated embedded systems powered by MCUs, multicore processors, DSPs, and FPGAs with integrated support for graphics and required connectivity options. A variety of HMI design starter kits combine essential hardware and software needed to accelerate development of these processor-based HMI solutions. For more information about Avnet Embedded HMI Solutions, please contact us

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Systems inDesign: Building in Control and Flexibility - September 2013