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Climate Responsive Architectural Form Finding IT Office Tower at Gurgaon, India

Academic

Porosity + Connection + Interaction City Center at Howrah, India

Lyrical Fluidity Memorial of Dr. Bhupen Hazarika

Professional

Seamless Waves 5 Star Hotel in Ahmedabad, India Trans Ganga Masterplan An Upcoming City near Unnao, India

Floating Activity Center A Research Facility and Pollution Curbing Rig

Competition

Housing of the Future A Housing near Perungudi, Chennai,India Pixel Trails A Street Scape Evoking Memory of Experiences

Paneling of a Toroidal Surface Using Planar Hex and Quad Panels

Design + Research

Built Form Optimization Architectural Form Finding for a Residence in Kolkata

Selected Works

Saral Seva: A Smart Way to Travel A Smart Card Catering all the Transport System of Kolkata

Policy Planning


Project 01 Climate Responsive Architectural Form Finding IT Office Tower at Gurgaon, India Architectural Thesis: Bachelor of Architecture Project 02 City Center at Howrah, India Renovation of a Precinct Design Studio: 8th Semester


Type | Acamdemic:_Architectural Thesis, B. Arch Year | 2013-2014 Program | An IT office tower of 3 lac sqft office space on a 6.76 acre site based on Climate responsive form finding. Tutor | Prof. Dr. Jayita Guha Niyogi Jadavpur University,Kolkata

Climate Responsive Form Finding IT Office Tower at Gurgaon, India

This thesis was about to find a comparatively better option for an IT office tower in Gurgaon. India, rather than just any extruded geometric mass, Most of the built forms we see today are generally platonic solids. This thesis investigates a possibility of obtaining a better performing built form based on heat, light and structural soundness (compactness). The basic form is obtained by geometric form finding based on available climatic data of Gurgaon. Multi-objective form finding using genetic algorithm has been employed to search for the form from the given set of parameters. The results from the procedure were found to be performing considerably better than the generic built forms and then architectural expertise were used to translate the form into a high performing office building. The natural concept was taken from the process of “crystallization� as in that process the forms achieve structural soundness and compactness using least energy from nature. Scripting was massively used in this form finding process using: Rhino, Grasshopper, GECO and Ecotect.


MIXED USE

HIG OFFICES

Hotels Residential

Primary Access Secondary Access

Site | Surrounding Zones Vacant land Offices

MIG

The Context

Site | Access

SITE

Built form and Context

Site

Flyover


Form | Environmental Performance Varying configurations

Option | 4

Option | 3

Base | Triangle Structural Stability

Growth | Multiplication

Option | 5

The concept of the form was derived from the crystalline structure found in nature based structural integrity and least energy requirements.

Form | Development

Option | 6

Concept | Formation of Crystal

Development | Rotation | Scaling | Surface

Multi-Objective Form Optimization | Insolation | Daylight | Compactness


Study | Overshadowing

Option | 17

Option | 11

Option | 9

Form | Environmental Performance Varying configurations

These 7 forms were initially selected based on their environmental performances among total 53 options. Based on least direct radiation, maximum shading and maximum daylighting they were selected through Rhino-Grasshopper and Ecotect via GECO. Further Option 17 was chosen as the final form to comply with National Building Code.

Significantly higher sky view factor for other buildings as well as very low over shadowing of other buildings.

Study | Built form in the Context


Program | Distribution

Site| Plan

Recreational Deck

Prestige Office 11000 sqm

Recreational Deck Service Floor

Office | Type B 17000 sqm Service Floor Office | Type A 15000 sqm Communication Area | Auditorium _ Seminar 5520 sqm

N m 5 0

20 10

25


Floor | Plans Floor Plate Morphology

Floor | 1

LVL +5200

Floor | 2

LVL +9600

Floor | 8

LVL +34500

Floor | 18

LVL +75500

Floor | 23

LVL +96000

Floor | 39

LVL +156200

N m 0

5

20 10

25


Sections & Service Cores

TOP LEVEL

LVL +156200

37TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +152200

36TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +148200

35TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +144200

34TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +14000

33RD FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +136200

32ND FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +132200

31ST FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +128200

30TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +124200

29TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +120200

28TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +116200

27TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +112200

26TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +108200

25TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +104200

24TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +96000

23RD FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +91900

22ND FLOOR LEVEL

FLOOR: 24 TO 38

FLOOR: 23

FLOOR: 11

FLOOR: 12 TO 22

3100

20000

LVL +87800

21ST FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +83700

20TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +79600

19TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +75500

18TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +71400

17TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +67300

16TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +63200

15TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +59100

14TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +55000

13TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +50900

12TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +46800

11TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +42700

10TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +38600

9TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +34500

8TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +30400

7TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +26300

6TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +22200

5TH FLOOR LEVEL

3000

22300

2200

FLOOR: B3 to 10

FLOOR: G to 10

DIFFERENT CORES AT DIFF. LEVELS SCALE- 1: 250

CLIMATE RESPONSIVE ARCHITECTURAL FORM FINDING IT OFFICE TOWER IN GURGAON

01

SECTION-AA SCALE - 1:250

LVL +18100

4TH FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +14000

3RD FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +9600

2ND FLOOR LEVEL

LVL +5200

UPPER GROUND LEVEL

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN THESIS AVISHEK DAS 000910201023

02

SECTION-BB SCALE - 1:250

GROUND LEVEL

BASEMENT 1 BASEMENT 2 BASEMENT 3

CLIMATE RESPONSIVE Section | AA ARCHITECTURAL FORM FINDING IT OFFICE TOWER IN GURGAON ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN THESIS AVISHEK DAS 000910201023

Section | BB

SECTIONS DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE: JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY


Structural | System

Shading | System

Shading | Panels based on Insolation Core

Slabs W/m2

HOURLY SOLAR EXPOSURE - 528 Objects

%

80

720

60

480

40

240

20

00 Incident

02

04 Absorbed

Facade | Detail 1

Steel Braces

Monday 8th January (8) - NEW DELHI, IND

Shading | Increase

960

0

Composite Columns

Insolation | Significant Decrease

06 Transmitted

08 Direct

10

12 Diffuse

14 Reflected

16 18 % Shading

20

22

Facade | Detail 2

0

After installing the facade panels there has been increment in shading. Resulting into 70.5% shading on a peak summer day


Physical | Model

The | Vision

Materials | Paper Acrylic Laser Cut & Assembled


Type | Acamdemic: Design Studio, 8th Semester Year | 2012-2013 Program | A Cultural hub in the Howrah in an abandoned factory precinct. Tutor | Prof. Shubhrajit Das Jadavpur University,Kolkata

Porosity + Connection + Interaction

City Center at Howrah, Renovation of a precinct

Kolkata has been always well known for its interaction and inter-city connections. Its alleys, tea shops , festivals are always filled up with lots of interactions and connections in terms of physical, visual,emotional and psychological aspect. Now the same thing happens when one starts to design some kind of interaction space in this city or the twin city of Kolkata, Howrah. The design brief was to design a city center, a cultural center, a place for interaction with the people. The design has been evolved from a single concept: POROSITY. To enhance connections in terms of visual, physical, emotional and psychological content. This will allow the users to connect the city center with the existing fabric through multiple access points within it.


Site | Surroundings and Context The site is in the other side of the River Ganga from Kolkata, connected by Howrah bridge and a series of ferry services along river Ganga. And the site is within a kilometer from Howrah Railways station which makes the project more viable. Its a old railways factory precinct in which only 2 buildings will be retained for their heritage value: a water tank and one factory shed. Other dilapidated ones will be demolished while the new city center will rise in that same location. A site of 6.88 Acre surrounded by mostly commercial and residential blocks is supposed to contain this city center having Auditoriums, Crafts Bazaar,Shopping Arcade, small offices ,a museum and few guest rooms.


Concept | Porosity & Interaction

Abstract | Sketching out the areas in 6m x 6m Grid based system laid over the site.

Access | Manipulation due to area and building code constrains and defining access.

Formation | The final formation of the figure with respect to the surroundings and access.

The concept is utilized to form the building massing: making pockets of spaces and congregation spaces for better interaction with the people.


Massing | Development from sketch

Massing | Comfort Zone In a warm and humid climate like Kolkata-Howrah, in a public space comfort is expected the most. Thats why with few iterations, the mass developed for encouraging interaction within the people responds to the sun path of the region and provides optimum shading for the interaction pockets and congregation spaces. 1. Slab like mass

21st | March

2. Scooping out Main Congregation space 21st | June

3. Initiation of Pores

21st | September

4. Generating more interaction pockets 21st | December 5. Mass of upper floor: Keeping the courtyard same.

6. More cuts and subtraction to achieve porosity.


Area | Distribution DINING HALL AREA: 208 sqm STAFF DORM AREA:80 sqm GUEST ROOMS AREA:971 sqm

SECOND FLOOR LVL +9050

AUDITORIUM AREA:518 sqm CONFERENCE ROOM AREA: 227 sqm SEMINAR HALLS (x2) AREA:188 sqm FOOD COURT AREA: 897 sqm

FIRST FLOOR LVL +5250

RESTAURANT AREA:265 sqm WORKSHOP HALLS (x2) AREA: 412 sqm

BENGAL HANDICRAFTS AREA:362 sqm

GROUND FLOOR LVL +1050

CAFE AREA:215 sqm RETAIL OUTLETS AREA:1305 sqm

CONGREGATION SPACE

WAREHOUSE

RAISED PODIUM LVL +1050

RED BUILDING


Site | Plan

N

Site | Section 1-1 MAIN COMPLEX

RETAINED WATER TANK EXISTING TEMPLE

JETTY


Floor | Plans First | Floor

N

Site | Section 2-2 RETAINED WATER TANK WAREHOUSES

RED BUILDING

MAIN COMPLEX

COURTYARD WAREHOUSES

EXISTING TEMPLE


Floor | Plans Second | Floor

N

LIBRARY

Site | Section 3-3

AUDITORIUM

FOYER PLAZA

RETAIL

LOBBY

CORRIDOR

RETAIL

GALLERY GALLERY


Inside | Retaining Structure

Ground Floor | Plan

First Floor | Plan

Second Floor | Plan

Section | AA ARCHIVE

SEMINAR ROOM

RESTORATION ROOM

Third Floor | Plan

ART STORAGE

GALLER


Inside the retaining structure

LIBRARY

GALLERY

ATRIUM

GALLERY

GALLERY

RY

EXHIBITION SPACE

EXHIBITION SPACE

CC OFFICE


The Visions


Seamless Waves

Five Star hotel at Ahmedabad, India http://www.archdaily.com/267403/ahmedabad-hotel-studio-symbiosis/

Type | Professional Internship Studio Symbiosis Architects, NOIDA Year | 2012 Program | A five star hotel in Ahmedabad under brand of Double Tree by Hilton. Location | Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Design Role | I was a integral part of the design team while designing the facade and rationalization of the same under the instruction and guidance by principal architect. Also I have worked on technical drawings, Landscape and Structure of the same project. Rendering Courtesy : Studio Symbiosis Architects http://www.archdaily.com/267403/ahmedabad-hotel-studio-symbiosis/02-348/


Facade | Rationalization

Low-Poly model made in Maya

Coarse Mesh

Tweaked | To match profiles

Manipulation | For uniform curvature

Converted to Sub-D and tweaked in Maya

Basic Analysis | In Rhino

NURBS model brought to Rhino for rationalization

Process | Workflow Quad Panels | Glass

Facade Panels | Glass & Aluform bands


Landscape | Water feature details

Detail | Modelling

Columns

Landscapes

Various Building Components


Trans Ganga Masterplan

An upcoming city near Unnao, Uttarpradesh,India http://www.archdaily.com/306181/trans-ganga-masterplan-proposal-studio-symbiosis/

Type | Professional Internship Studio Symbiosis Architects, NOIDA Year | 2012 Program | A master plan for an upcoming city of 1164 acre near Unnao, Uttarpradesh by UPSIDC Location | Unnao, Uttarpradesh, India Design Role | I was part of the competition team for this project doing background research on sustainable issues, designing the roads & making presentation drawing under the guidance from the principal architects.

Rendering Courtesy : Studio Symbiosis Architects http://www.archdaily.com/306181/trans-ganga-masterplan-proposal-studio-symbiosis/002_overview/

Also in this project a script was developed by me under supervision of a senior architect to mark all the roads only accessing the centerline of the road.


Roads | Sections and Development

Road | Legends

Type A | Corridor

Type A | Promenade

Type B | Residential Road

Type B | Industrial Road

Type C | Residential Road

Type C | Industrial Road


Code | Road Marking After designing the road the next thing was on the list was to mark the roads with appropriate marking viz. dashed centerlines, solid edge line and dividers and zebra marking on the crossing. For this purpose a set of Grasshopper script was developed to serve the purpose. The scripts takes the road centerlines as inputs and processes it according to the distance specified and developes a set of Dashed lines, solid lines and zebra crossings.

Dashed Mark

Output | Generated by the GH code

CODE 1 | Dashed Road lines

CODE 2 | Solid Road lines

CODE 3 | Zebra Crossing

Solid Mark

Zebra Crossing


Project 01 Floating Activity Center A Research and Pollution Control Rig TechFest 2012, IIT Bombay Project 02 Housing of the Future Housing at Perungudi, Chennai, India Transparence 2011 by Saint Gobain Project 03 Pixel Trails A streetscape evoking memories of experience LA Journal Annual Competition, 2012


Credits | National Winner

Type | Competition: IIT Bombay, Techfest 2012 Year | 2012 Program | A floating humane space in a marine setting with proper justification of activities for the same. Team | Avishek Das & Arunima Sen

Floating Activity Center

A research facility & pollution curbing rig

Oil spillage is a serious environmental concern for all over the world and in Indian scenario the most affected regions are on the west coastal line of the country. Mostly the marine oil rigs and ship yard from the Gujarat region contribute to it. Also the old ships that travels in this region contribute to the pollution scenario. Animals get more affected than humans in this case. Mostly the birds and fishes of upper level of water suffer the most. This competition brief was open to any suggestion and type of floating activity center in marine scenario. So a pollution control rig and a research facility seemed most appropriate in that setting. The site is 160 km of nearest shoreline but within 25 km of Bombay high oil rig, near shiva crater at Arabian sea.


Concept | Form and Function

Design | Axonometric View

Plan | Deck Level

Structural Bracings

Main envelope Function | Inspired by water hyacinth plant, absorbing pollution from water

Boat way

Floor Plates Base Plate / Deck Plan | Modular Unit Viewing Gallery Labs

Appearance | Endless appearance like ocean Realized by Klein Surface

Services Dead Load Section | Showing Major Functions

Function | Works as a refuge, research base and pollution control rig. Detail | Typical Floor Section

Reduction | Circle Packed baseplate for less material consumption

Detail | Teflon Coated Bracing


Credits | National 2nd Runner Up East Zone Winner Type | Competition: Transparence 2011 Year | 2011- 2012 Program | A unique housing complex in Perungudi, Chennai housing 158 dwelling units of varying size. Team | Avishek Das, Joy Mondal & Priyadarshika Das

Housing of the Future

A housing complex complementing is surroundings

As we keep exploring designs for the future, the role of the building will take a radical shift. The built form will not only enclose space in the ‘inside’ but also on the ‘outside’. the built form will be more sensitive to the communal string of the people & get away from the tired modernist expression. The theme of this design stems from a shifted morphology of open spaces- how built form can be perceived as a function of open spaces and respond to climate In this competition brief the aim was to design such a housing complex that will suit both its residents and complements the surrounding neighbourhood. The aspirations were to design on the vision of “Surprise, Inspire and Enthuse” while utilizing high quality design and architecture and truly sustainable in design and in practice.


Concept | Learning from organic city

Network | Built form : Open Space

Dense

Unresolved

Resolved

Dense

Isolated

Selected Pattern Satisfies FAR

Historical neighbourhood districts with intuitive & surprising element: On inversion buildings become open space and streets become built spaces.

Concept | Rootlike Behaviour Extrusion from site

Pattern

Built Volume

Proposed Plan

Open Spaces

Development | Stages

Mid Density Mid Rise Volume

Scooping out for passage and interaction

Scooping out for greens


Stages | Plan Development

Concept Mass from Voronoi Diagram

Truncated to meet building code

Common Area turned into services

Grid for successive reduction in floor area

Plans | Reducing Towards upper floors

Plan | Second Floor

Plan | Third Floor

Plan | Fourth Floor

Plan | Fifth Floor

Plan | Sixth Floor

Plan | Eighth Floor

1 BHK

3 BHK 2T

2 BHK

3 BHK 3T


Plans | Individual Level and Detail Bed

Bed Hall Kit

Hall

Bed

Kit

1 BHK

2 BHK

2 BHK

2 BHK

3 BHK 2T

3 BHK 3T

Hall Kit

Bed

Bed Bed

Plans | Individual

1 BHK

20 Nos. 39.4 sqm

3 BHK 2T

2 BHK Type A

52 Nos. 98.1 sqm

28 Nos. 76.3 sqm

3 BHK 3T

2 BHK Type B

20 Nos. 72.6 sqm

34 Nos. 109.8 sqm


Sections | Inside the built form

Elevation | West

Elevation | Side

Elevation | East


Vision | Toward a better housing


Credits | National Finallist

Type | Competition: LA Journal : Memory Year | 2012 Program | A rejuvenated busy street scape of Kolkata Team | Avishek Das & Arunima Sen

Pixel Trails

A streetscape evoking memory of experience

Memory is a trail, a following of ideas, activities that somewhere leave a mark in our lives. It is an order of impressions, which unknowingly become covert parts of our lives, which we always like to live through again. And hence comes the idea of commemorating those ideas, impressions and activities. This design aims to highlight this order, of events, places, activities and thus define the movement encompassing the points of attraction, with which memory in any form has been associated. Thus choosing an entire walkway, that forms an integral part of any Bengali’s cultural well-being and growing up. The trail of Rashbehari crossing to Gariahaat Crossing in KOLKATA,West Bengal is an inconspicuous part, embedded in a Bengali’s heart. The walk arouses nostalgia, memories of meetings, bargaining for accessories, lip smacking brilliance in food, dealing with shop owners for the best buy and prices, picnics in winter, movie festivals, silhouette of famous pujas during Durga puja and much more.


SCREEN

Concept | Pattern Generation DIVIDERS SEATING PLANTER BEDS

400mm - 550mm

650mm - 850mm

Palette | Choice of Materials

450mm

750mm

750mm

450mm 1250mm

1050mm 450mm

450mm

450mm

950mm - 1250mm

1050mm

750mm

450mm

1250mm

450mm

250mm

250mm - 350mm


Project 01 Panelling a Toroidal Surface Using Planar Hex & Quad Panels

Project 02 Built form optimization for a single residence in Kolkata, India


Type | Design Research Year | 2013 Description | Panelling a Doubly curved surface with planar panels with minimal deviation Tools | Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, Lunchbox, Kangaroo Process | https://vimeo.com/84452167

Panelling of a Toroidal surface

Using relaxation method using Hex and Quad Panels

This work is the continuation of the work i learned while doing my internship with Studio Symbiosis Architects. This project i took up to investigate the possibilities of paneling/ rationalizing a doubly curved surface using hexagonal and quad planar panels. After the panelization process another work was set on course. Fabrication of the all the parts: unrolled and duly numbered.


Process | From surface to panels Stage 1 | Analysis

Base surface to be panelled 18m x 14m x 5m

Curvature directions

Curvature analysis

Stage 2A | Subdivision_ Relaxation_ HEX

U Subdiv: 8 V Subdiv: 28 No. of Panels : 131 Maximum Deviation : 472 mm

Curvature Analyses

Range: -1.45mm to 1.45mm

U Subdiv: 10 V Subdiv: 30 No. of Panels : 183 Maximum Deviation : 212 mm

U Subdiv: 17 V Subdiv: 38 No. of Panels : 351 Maximum Deviation : 157 mm


Stage 2B | Subdivision_ Relaxation_ QUAD

U Subdiv: 10 V Subdiv: 28 No. of Panels : 280 Maximum Deviation : 4.86 mm

Curvature Analyses

Range: -2.35mm to 2.35mm

GH Code | GH + LunchBox + Kamgaroo

U Subdiv: 10 V Subdiv: 30 No. of Panels : 300 Maximum Deviation : 4.2 mm

U Subdiv: 17 V Subdiv: 38 No. of Panels : 646 Maximum Deviation : 2.1 mm


Stage 3A | Preparation of Fabrication

Scaled Down to : .75m X .60m X .175m

Assigning Material Thickness : 2mm

Stage 3B| Joinery Details

Introducing Joinery: 2mm

Scaled Model including Joinery

Stage 3C| Fabrication Layout: Panels & Joinery

Blown Up

15

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12

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42

57

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87

11

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41

56

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86

10

3.23 mm 7.27 mm

9

8

7

Joinery Detail

6

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Inter Lock

88

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131 Panels 327 Joineries 56.6 m total curves

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Type | Design Research Year | 2012- 2014 Description | Architectural form optimization based on climate of Kolkata for a single residence. Tools | Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, GECO & Ecotect Analysis Location | Kolkata, India Surrounding | Mid-Rise High Density Horizontally random vertically uniform Climate | Tropical Warm Humid

Built Form Optimization

Multi Objective form optimization for single residence

This work was started as an experiment of optimizing the form of the single residence in Kolkata. The climatic parameters taken in consideration was heat, exposure and shading. This process lead to the execution of undergraduate thesis which was another multiobjective optimization that lead to a tower typology. Genetic Algorithm has been employed to find the optimal form from the given set of parameters to achieve the goal.

Goals | To Increase: • Shading during Summer • Insolation during winter

To Decrease: • Shading during winter • Insolation during summer • Overall Exposure


Logic | Form finding procedure 2m

Form Vertices • (-8.99,- 5.53, 0.0) • (-6.51, 4.0, 0.0) • (4.06, 6.42, 0.0) • (-5.36, 6.50, 0.0) • (-9.7, -10, 15.98) • (6.0, -10.0,16.12) • (6.0, 6.0, 15.63) • (-10.0, 6.0, 15.24)

2m 2m 2m

2m 2m

4m

16m

4m

4m 2m

4m

4m 16m

4m 16m

4m

4m

Optimized form

Basic cube of 16m sides

Code | GH + GECO

Performance | Insolation |

Hr 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 08 06 04 02

INCIDENT SOLAR RADIATION - Average Daily 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25.6591 58.521 68.739 74.0806 80.8745 121.575 141.398 129.791 146.944 178.6 183.489 181.644 183.567 197.213 225.592 218.04 164.439 183.307 214.838 218.112 181.242 210.566 217.152 229.83 200.99 208.421 216.3 216.619 177.983 191.888 191.398 184.831 119.394 141.248 149.648 140.456 24.6489 59.6321 72.3411 102.413 0 0 4.48899 25.2763 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr

0 0 0 0 0 0 25.0716 76.3869 123.172 174.529 205.741 230.442 248.152 231.447 219.432 177.173 120.406 46.4868 0 0 0 0 0 0 May

0 0 0 0 0 0 42.2238 83.1252 137.684 180.921 207.536 220.491 231.211 226.617 192.027 160.785 108.051 40.3137 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jun

11% Less Insolation 0 0 0 0 0 0 37.2288 86.0273 137.618 168.448 198.354 209.541 212.031 209.097 190.695 146.561 101.237 35.7505 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jul

0 0 0 0 0 0 23.9784 78.3057 123.406 160.454 202.499 213.423 232.705 214.779 190.811 150.936 89.6815 22.7022 0 0 0 0 0 0 Aug

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 55.5672 99.0881 136.852 180.046 195.335 214.946 200.364 165.512 122.566 70.3433 8.91055 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sep

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 22.9576 84.4018 135.184 183.389 201.944 203.96 203.369 182.011 141.884 97.5386 6.1744 0 0 0 0 0 0 Oct

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 55.5288 105.818 160.989 170.744 186.248 194.832 167.048 134.83 58.142 0.0827129 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nov

Kolkata, IND 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 71.115 127.267 171.909 163.509 180.53 194.155 173.262 130.369 37.9724 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Dec

W/m² 300 270 240 210 180 150 120 90 60 30 0

OPTIMIZED

Maximum Insolation: 250 kWh/m2


HOURLY SOLAR EXPOSURE - 160 Objects

Monday 23rd July (204) - Kolkata, IND

%

W/m2

960

80

960

80

720

60

720

60

480

40

480

40

240

20

240

20

00 Incident

02

04 Absorbed

06 Transmitted

08 Direct

10

12 Diffuse

14 Reflected

16 18 % Shading

20

0

22

WINTER

00 Incident

02

04 Absorbed

06 Transmitted

08 Direct

10

12 Diffuse

14 Reflected

16 18 % Shading

20

22

0

8% Decreased Shading

HOURLY SOLAR EXPOSURE - 84 Objects

Thursday 20th December (354) - Kolkata, IND

HOURLY SOLAR EXPOSURE - 160 Objects

Thursday 15th November (319) - Kolkata, IND

%

W/m2

960

80

960

80

720

60

720

60

480

40

480

40

240

20

240

20

0

00 Incident

02

04 Absorbed

06 Transmitted

08 Direct

10

12 Diffuse

14 Reflected

16 18 % Shading

20

22

0

GENERIC

W/m2

0

Exposure |

20 18 16 14 12 10 08 06 04 02

00 Incident

02

04 Absorbed

06 Transmitted

08 Direct

10

12 Diffuse

14 Reflected

16 18 % Shading

20

22

0

26% Less Exposure Through out the year 0 0 0 0 0 0 60.8 60.8 74.4 74.4 74.4 75.2 60 60 60 60 60 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jun

0 0 0 0 0 0 60.8 74.4 74.4 74.4 74.4 86.4 71.2 60 60 60 60 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jul

0 0 0 0 0 0 60 60.8 74.4 85.6 85.6 86.4 71.2 71.2 71.2 60 60 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 Aug

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 61.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 60.8 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sep

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 61.6 61.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 60.8 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 Oct

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 61.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 71.2 71.2 71.2 60.8 60.8 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nov

Kolkata, IND 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 61.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 71.2 71.2 71.2 60.8 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Dec

%

Hr

86

22

78

20

69

18

60

16

52

14

43

12

35

10

26 17 9 0

GENERIC

Hr 22

PERCENTAGE UNOBSTRUCTED SKY - Average Daily 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 60 60.8 61.6 61.6 61.6 60.8 61.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 74.4 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 85.6 86.4 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 71.2 60 60.8 60.8 60.8 71.2 60 60 60.8 60.8 60 60 0 0 60 60 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May

0

%

08 06 04 02

PERCENTAGE UNOBSTRUCTED SKY - Average Daily 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 58.3089 64.5669 64.5669 41.3194 41.3194 58.3089 64.5669 64.5669 64.5669 41.3194 58.3089 64.5669 64.5669 64.5669 41.3194 58.3089 62.9265 58.2412 64.0299 40.7823 41.3194 45.8533 45.8533 45.8533 22.621 26.1566 56.9537 63.6092 60.4873 40.3617 40.3617 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 40.3617 40.3617 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 40.3617 57.3512 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 40.3617 57.3512 60.8882 60.8882 41.1046 57.3512 57.3512 0 0 63.6092 57.3512 57.3512 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May

0 0 0 0 0 0 58.3089 58.3089 58.3089 58.3089 58.3089 49.3148 57.3512 57.3512 57.3512 57.3512 57.3512 57.3512 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jun

0 0 0 0 0 0 58.3089 58.3089 58.3089 58.3089 58.3089 43.7883 51.6173 57.3512 57.3512 57.3512 57.3512 57.3512 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jul

0 0 0 0 0 0 58.3089 58.3089 41.3194 41.3194 41.3194 26.7988 31.2412 40.3617 40.3617 57.3512 57.3512 57.3512 0 0 0 0 0 0 Aug

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 41.3194 41.3194 41.3194 40.7823 34.3335 60.4873 46.0585 40.3617 40.3617 41.1046 57.3512 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sep

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 64.5669 64.5669 64.5669 64.0299 58.2412 57.8522 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 0 0 0 0 0 0 Oct

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 64.5669 64.5669 64.5669 45.8533 57.8522 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 60.8882 60.8882 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nov

Kolkata, IND 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 64.5669 64.5669 62.9265 47.1839 56.9537 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 63.6092 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Dec

% 65 58 52 45 39 32 26 19 13 6 0

OPTIMIZED

0

%

OPTIMIZED

Monday 9th July (190) - Kolkata, IND

GENERIC

W/m2

32% Increased Shading

HOURLY SOLAR EXPOSURE - 84 Objects

OPTIMIZED

Shading | SUMMER


Project 01 Saral Seva: An one stop smart card for any transport in Kolkata Competition: National Student Challenge, 2013 by IIHS


Credits | National Finallist

Type | Competition: National Student Challenge, 2013 by IIHS Year | 2013 Program | A proposal and business plan of a smart card service for all the transport of Kolkata. Team | Avishek Das, Arunima Sen, Nistha Mehra, Sunrita De https://vimeo.com/80124000

Saral Seva: A smart way to travel

A smart card catering all the transport system of Kolkata

Kolkata has the most diverse transportation opportunity in the country yet it lacks an serious touch of integration within it. Here one can find 13 different type of transportation method yet no integrated ticketing or traveling system. Payment becomes a serious problems sometimes due to long queue and change money or “khuchra�. Sometimes a person traveling in Kolkata takes2-3 transportation modes and face a problem of ticketing and khuchras. In this proposal we have come up with an idea that integrates all the transportation system with a single smart card: Saral Card. This card be used on the public and private transportation means while the system will monitor the transactions and give feedback to government while government will get the actual revenue generated by the system and which is higher than the present income. We came up with an time frame and business plan to start the work and all the financial data that can make the project viable.


Present | Scenario & Proposals

Available only in Metro Railways

Projection | Timeline & Profitability

Proposal of expansion: Sub urban Rails, Bus and Ferry


Methods | Operational & Funding

Advantages |


Business | Investment and Payback Present earning from Transport

Present earning from Transport

While giving 95% to Government

Revenue Genarated by Saral Seva

Investment, Payoff and Initial Cost

Profit incurred in the 1st Financial Year

From these statistics it might seem that the project is incurring loss in its first final year. But while the process gets adapted into many more transportation option in 20182021 there will be an increase in profit. The project is expected to break even on 2.3 years from the commencement of the project. After that it is projected that this project will profit 8.86 crore in the financial year of 2018.

A brief Comparison

Campaign Proposal


Contact: Avishek Das colors1990@gmail.com +91-8017486567 +91-8585910882 1/1, Ramkrishna Ghosh Road Kolkata- 700 050 West Bengal, India

“I am inspired by the computational approach and interdisciplinary collaboration towards architectural design that results in rich design aspect and environmental consciousness.�


Design Portfolio_2014