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The History of the Catholic Church “Alec Vick, Quinn Pitcher, Steven Schillig, Brett Emershad”





Cites One - q=tbn:ANd9GcRqKpNNvq2yYgAR90_bzQumcka1ma8yPgs6LsFgkbTfiD0IyNudtw Holy - Catholic - q=tbn:ANd9GcTntpTfYLeXvtAddFrNw2HHhxBm4jIAKQJyDP08WQGoQrJX8GgCtg Apostolic - q=tbn:ANd9GcRVG3EGljdQBQACx8fBVFaNhulO9NRo2luo8xePdPoQ_2dYnmwYCA

David becomesa great leader and forms the Davidic Covenant with God

Adam and Eve eat from the Noah was told by God to make Forbidden tree in the Garden of an Ark to save himself, his Eden, creating Original Sin. family, and two of every Abraham was the father of many animal from the flood so that nations. Made a covenant with God. they may reproduce after it. Almost sacrificed his son through The flood was to wipe the Mosesleads God’s people out Egypt God’s will but his hand was stayed by wickednessfrom the earth in and the rule of Pharaoh. God. the human hands.

Cites Adam and Eve - um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS445US445&biw=1138&bih=555&tbm=isch&tbnid=OhEezAUoUvpyDM:&imgrefurl=http://e nh=109&tbnw=96&start=0&ndsp=27&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:74 Moses– Abraham – um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS445US445&biw=1138&bih=555&tbm=isch&tbnid=RA4Z6saQzBVlM:&imgrefurl= r2iBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=184&vpy=174&dur=805&hovh=259&hovw=195&tx=110&ty=217&sig=106831364932674392530&page=1&tbnh=111& tbnw=83&start=0&ndsp=27&ved=1t:429,r:10,s:0,i:105 Noah – um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS445US445&biw=1138&bih=555&tbm=isch&tbnid=Wbn1WXC74GM9OM:&imgrefurl=http:// &h=300&ei=KxXWT7nXCc7y2gX5t824Dw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=111&vpy=235&dur=26&hovh=225&hovw=225&tx=97&ty=136&sig=1068313649 32674392530&page=3&tbnh=170&tbnw=168&start=30&ndsp=13&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:30,i:173 David – num=10&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS445US445&biw=1138&bih=555&tbm=isch&tbnid=4W_z9iueDWE1ZM:&imgrefurl=http:/ / 0/images.jpg&w=182&h=276&ei=3hbWT9qlB5Tq2wXdsiDDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=424&vpy=211&dur=1681&hovh=220&hovw=145&tx=107&ty=174&sig=106831364932674392530&sqi=2&page=1&tb nh=113&tbnw=77&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:0,i:100 Other photos, num=10&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS445US445&biw=1138&bih=555&tbm=isch&tbnid=4W_z9iueDWE1ZM:&imgrefurl=http:/ / 0/images.jpg&w=182&h=276&ei=3hbWT9qlB5Tq2wXdsiDDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=424&vpy=211&dur=1681&hovh=220&hovw=145&tx=107&ty=174&sig=106831364932674392530&sqi=2&page=1&tb nh=113&tbnw=77&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:0,i:100 start=57&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS445US445&biw=1138&bih=555&tbm=isch&tbnid=xelTDpksuYK3SM:&imgrefurl=h ttp:// ur=644&hovh=145&hovw=348&tx=165&ty=91&sig=106831364932674392530&page=4&tbnh=89&tbnw=213&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:31,s:57,i:156

New Testament Jesus’ resurrection was a sign of hope for many. He showed that eternal life with God was possible. The Son of God will come again.

Later in his life Jesusbegan his ministry and engaged in the processof calling his disciples. His processwas confusing becausehe chose the lowliest of all citizens to be his disciples Jesuswas born to the Virgin Mary in Bethlehem and was Magi saidvisit to beJesus a king on earth. Many visited him including Jesus’ calling of disciples the Magi whose gifts symbolized his divine, ’ Resurrection human, and kingly nature.

Jesus’ resurrection was a necessary evil. He died for our sins but an innocent soul was lost becauseof the evil of man

Jesus performed many preachings. One important was the Sermon on the Mount in which he reformed the ideas of who are the blessed.

Jesushealed many people. He assisted those who were rejected by society becausethey were seen as sinful. Jesus forgave sin

Paul’s letters provide the theological basis for the Church

Cites um=1&hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=1t9somGv3OoGOM:&imgrefurl=http://southernmatriarch.blogspot .com/2010/12/n-is-fornativity.html&docid=rFTb68MaJgyTqM&imgurl= DdI/EyZf5pl6S70/s1600/christmas-nativity-scene-1.jpg&w=488&h=742&ei=mwDFTDuHO35sQLQjPXWCQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=375&sig=110599161089020098116&page=1&tbnh=152&tbnw=100& start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:154&tx=52&ty=70 hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=H2VWjyLrvovUiM:&imgrefurl= 04/april-15th-reflection.html&docid=FeJPQkd9-3TnqM&imgurl= 88&hovw=266&tx=124&ty=75&sig=110599161089020098116&page=1&tbnh=157&tbnw=222&start=0&ndsp=19&ved =1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:75 hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=tbHlVZCBmuRbgM:&imgrefurl= on_on_the_Mount&docid=gpwOi7dO-aHDM&imgurl= &ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:126&tx=62&ty=79 hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=sy5uMEtjO2msFM:&imgrefurl= xion&docid=eZ5Hqvm30VoX2M&imgurl= ano,_crocifissione_degli_Uffizi.jpg/220px hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=V_VCyBBPzujKmM:&imgrefurl= sus-resurrection-pictures/&docid=dhUtWZBJJhzsGM&imgurl= 161089020098116&page=1&tbnh=162&tbnw=130&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:141 um=1&hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=lbMJ4WUrFOjskM:&imgrefurl= m/wiki/File:Jesus_healing.jpg&docid=P0wGOe3sCp3fBM&imgurl= 70935/powerlisting/images/b/b6/Jesus_healing.jpg&w=415&h=500&ei=12LXT8mvB6ez8AGlhYyOBQ&zoom=1&iact= rc&dur=421&sig=110599161089020098116&page=1&tbnh=144&tbnw=124&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:1 38&tx=82&ty=50 um=1&hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=SfMEVy0Cldf0cM:&imgrefurl=http://payingattentiontothes

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St. Peter begins the church as the first

30-500 A.D

Pope. In his right hand is the key to his “papacy” (60 A.D). He was a, and possibly the most well know disciple of Jesus. All Popes are known as the successors of Peter and the Basilica of

The Death of Christ served as the start of the Apostolic Ministries in the name of the church. 30’s A.D

St. Paul was called upon by God to spread the Word from Jerusalem all the way to Rome. He is known for his letters that he wrote to the places he visited. One of the most famous letters that he wrote was to the Corinthians. St. Paul was the biggest contributor in the spread of Christianity. (45-67 A.D)

St. Stephen was the first Martyr. He died in 34 A.D by stoning. St. Paul watched him die . He was the starting point for many other brave souls and made it a good thing to die for

Council of Jerusalem was called in 50 A.D to solve the conflict between the

CITES- - - - -

Fall of Roman Empire -- To the right 

30-500 A.D

In 476, power was split between the East and the West which allowed for foreign powers to invade. To the Left: Emperor Constantine. The first Christian Emperor that allowed for Christian tolerance among the Empire.

Below--- Council of Ephesus The Council of Ephesusdenied Pelagianism which said that people could save themselves without the help of God. It also condemned Nestorianism, a heresy concerning the identity of the mother Mary.

The Council of Constantinople was called in 381 and fought Macedonianism(a heresy concerning the holy spirit)

The Council of Chalcedon was called in 451 and endorsed the hypostatic union and fought Monophysitism which denied the humanity of Jesus To the right —St. Augustine  St. Augustine is most known for his idea of the “City of God.” He also struggled with Christianity (Morals) and brought the word of God to the African People. To the left - Edict of Milan Allowed for more tolerance of Christianity in the Roman Empire

Cites mpaigne.jpg/250px-Saint_Augustine_by_Philippe_de_Champaigne.jpg medievalprof_big.jpg&w=547&h=328&ei=MG7XTioAuGs8AG57YmOBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=220&vpy=130&dur=1902&hovh=174&hovw=290&tx=121&t y=109&sig=106831364932674392530&page=1&tbnh=127&tbnw=211&start=0&ndsp=11&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0, i:89 hl=en&biw=1138&bih=555&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=8Ign91gU5F9qNM:&imgrefurl=http://www.monach =369&ei=VW3XT5j7Icmw8AGPvYGOBQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=277&sig=106831364932674392530&page= 1&tbnh=148&tbnw=110&start=0&ndsp=13&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:91&tx=20&ty=3

500 to 1000 The Eastern Schism Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantine, modern day Constantinople.

Pope Gregory the Great Pope Gregory the Great is most commonly known for his prolific theological writings.


This time in history was known as the Dark Ages, where Barbarians ran through the land devouring all that they felt necessary. Even though this happened, the Church still remained

Monasteries were a way for nuns and priests to keep the Church going during the time of the Dark Ages and were widely popular for


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The Isms - The Isms came

around the time of the age of enlightenment. They


were all different ways of life. Most of which were against God, or were a life style that did not need a 4th Lateran Council of 1215

The Crusades

This Council enforced celibacy more strictly, made

The Holy Wars

it known there were 7


sacraments, and eliminated

Christians and the Muslims. This

Saint Francis of Assisi

lead to many

Known for founding the Franciscan order. Truce and Peace of God Limited the Fighting to knights only, and then limited it even further to 80 days per year.

The Fall of Rome After the Capital of the


Roman Empire was

A system where a

moved to Constantinople,

king would lease out

Rome collapsed.

land, and in return, he would receive

Thomas Aquinas

food, labor, and

Saint Thomas Aquinas is known for his writings on human reasoning and their relation to the mysteries of faith in his document the Summa Theologica.

1000-1500 Cont. The Black Death The Inquisition A type of court system established by the Catholic Church to battle heresies. q=tbn:ANd9GcS9LRKiCRVXukou T3_tO5sj84lg4hcLzZhAzIBHFvjKjzMBQKn

The Black Death was a diseasethat killed over one million people in the Middle Ages. It killed many laity. As a result, the clergy attempted to go out and heal the sick. This caused them to catch the diseaseand die as well. q=tbn:ANd9GcQaDOQcw83OLNG7U7ZAJOaQW zETJ_PQmgk-Fisr-maC0DKGZhMt4A

Gothic Style Churches TheseChurches were first emerging during this time period. q=tbn:ANd9GcSXebMaTKQB5qwn8be pzrnu-F6VuU0hwOLqiDRm2fadtblFSNNjQ SaintDominic Known for founding the Dominican order of monks. q=tbn:ANd9GcSo_vbcyawJt5HxPypKIYzhKjkwmPpsVUG_rE9qS6UPmBwMqUgA

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1500 – 2000 A.D.

Martin Luther was a German monk who wrote the 95 Theses,a list of criticisms of the Catholic Church. He was an influential factor in the Protestant Reformation

The Protestant Reformation was designed to correct the Catholic Church of sin and corruption

John Calvin was another theologian who created Calvinism. The main idea of Calvinism was Predestination; God has already chosen the select The Renaissance was a time of cultural rebirth in which many new ideas on art, theology, and philosophy emerged.

b The Jesuits(emblem pictured above) were established by St. Ignatius and were responsible for calming reformers The council of Trent established the new ideas for the Church. It corrected its abusesand faults and is seen as one of the most important councils in Church history There were many Saints in this time period one example is St. Gonzaga

The first Vatican Council reaffirmed that religion is important to society

The Second Vatican Council (Pictured The Scientific was a to create Above)Revolution was established time of great advances in both unity among Christians and create science relations and math.with Many the world. scientists, such as Galileo or Copernicus, came up with theories that proved detrimental to the authority of The Catholic Social Teaching the Church. One of these doctrine was established by detrimental ideas included the The Western Schism occurred Pope Leo XIII and provided a idea that the earth is not the from 1378 to 1417 and resulted basis for what was just for center of the universe in two men claiming to be the Catholics in modern society Pope. Emblem below

1500 – 2000 A.D.

Pope Pius V was a very devote and very spiritual pope. He had a great role in the Council of Trent

The council of Constance was held from 1414 to 1418. It ended the Western Schism and allowed for a true Pope to be decided

The French Revolution(1789-1799) was a time of radical societal change that led to many new ideas The Thirty Years War was fought between many countries over conflicts in religion. It occurred from 1618 to 1648.


The Peaceof Augsburg, signed in 1555, ended the Thirty Years War and established the idea of Cuius regio, eius religio, one must adopt the religion of the land they reside in. num=10&um=1&hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=qX9aqLzmy4uFuM:&imgrefurl= =1&tbnh=173&tbnw=115&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:72&tx=65&ty=110 .edu/theolibrary/graphics/vaticanii.jpg&w=300&h=375&ei=1S7WT5DqJeOG2gXjstiHDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=544&vpy=145& dur=259&hovh=191&hovw=148&tx=103&ty=141&sig=110599161089020098116&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=176&tbnw=134&start=0&n dsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0,i:78 ge=1&tbnh=160&tbnw=215&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:75&tx=172&ty=78 um=1&hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=oLXpZSTNZJkIhM:&imgrefurl= r&docid=G0aENiPHOOaFUM&imgurl= num=10&um=1&hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=mlmOfn7zd0kcnM:&imgrefurl= gory/reformation/&docid=RRoeKZPxFfrcOM&imgurl= age=1&tbnh=155&tbnw=192&start=0&ndsp=23&ved=1t:429,r:13,s:0,i:178&tx=112&ty=105 num=10&um=1&hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=spMV5uV50DOTPM:&imgrefurl= uncil_of_Trent&docid=klaRb01qi_3ErM&imgurl= Trent.JPG/300px-Council_of_Trent.JPG&w=300&h=242&ei=iS_WT4e4EOG2gXjstiHDw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=388&sig=110599161089020098116&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=151&tbnw=204&start=0&ndsp=1 9&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:112&tx=72&ty=57 um=1&hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&tbm=isch&tbnid=BdwiMLZ5FvOGZM:&imgrefurl= &docid=CtV7kni7bfBlDM&imgurl= 25&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:141&tx=44&ty=84 hl=en&biw=1517&bih=725&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=rf5aO7aCe_A7tM:&imgrefurl= us&docid=6t0hbd0ppwmwkM&imgurl=

2000 to Present Pope John Paul II instituted World Youth Day, and it has been happening since he first instituted it in 2005.

Pope John Paul II, was possibly the most influential Pope on the modern world. He sadly died in 2005.

In the first round of Papal elections in 2005, Pope Benedict the 16th was selected to fulfill the role of the greatest Pope in centuries, which made some large shoesto fill for Cardinal Ratzinger.

Pope Benedict XVI has written terrific encyclicals. He is attacking the sexual abuse casesbetter than many expected, updated the new order massliturgy back to its Latin roots. Coming down hard on dissenting clergy, though not quick enough for some. Communicating more with the orthodox patriarchs. The Muslim leader and Pope Benedict come to terms with the disagreements and find that violence is not the solution to the religion problem in the 21st century.

Cites Pope Benedict XVI – q=tbn:ANd9GcRAbxHjTxGhKOXI2a2DdLmr7uDMPNafDyId6kWWIbjd5UMFg8hc Pope John Paul II,mod %3D16&q=pope+john+paul&um=1&ie=UTF8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=JibWT5nnB8jq2QXc9SJDw&biw=1138&bih=555&sei=TSbWT-nBF-a22gXlu-GjDw World Youth Day – q=tbn:ANd9GcQ38absZLVKvqoHLOkBbwbxhbbOcbGXlnE50Q52j0E08dCX-7fz Muslims q=tbn:ANd9GcRAqDjm6k7Ez__oDe1X21_6Vd8dwHawgamb3vP6p-1Io2FZqktSwg Text – %3D20110516172318AAsB9pl&ei=fS_WT8OODuSY2wWuoJ24Dw&usg=AFQjCNHgw8Nhgqea38rZG6R0xK5 vq_tYCQ


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