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XXI OKTA6pb 2011

3neKTPC?M06Mnb Lohner-Porsche CTpaHHqa N! 47


B 1931 ro,ey <Pep.QV1HaH.Q nopwe yxO,QV1T V13 KOMnaHV1V1 Daimler V1 pewaer opraHV130sarb csoe ,Qeno. 25 an pen~ OH OTKpbiBaeT CBOIO KOMnaHV110. Ha3saHV1e <jJV1pMe <Pep,QV1HaH.Q ,[\an He06biKHOBeHHO BHYWV1TenbHOe: •KOHCTpyV1pOBaHV1e V1 KOHCynbTai..IV1V1 no pa3pa6orKe ABV1rareilei1 V1 asTOM06V1necrpoeHV110». 3aKa34V1KV1 HeMe.QneHHO BbiCTpOV1nV1Cb B 04epe,Qb, HO nopwe HaXOAV1T BpeM~ V1 ,1:\n~ C06CTBeHHbiX pa3pa60TOK. nereH.QapHa~ ropcV10HHa~ no,QsecKa Porsche 6blna C03.QaHa V1M eHHO 8 3TOi1 KOMnaHV1V1 V1 8 3TV1 rG,[\bl.

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3HaMeHV1Tble "}\{yKV1 " , C03.QaHHble <Pep.QV1HaH.QOM nopwe, V13Ha4anbHO Ha3blsanV1Cb KdF (Kraft durch Freude - " CV~na 4epe3 pa,Qocrb "). Ka>t<.Qa~ raKa~ MawV~Ha .QOn>t<Ha 6blna croV1Tb scero 990 MapoK. npe,Qnonaranocb , 4TO n106oi1 repMaHCKV1i1 pa604V1i1 , orKna.Qblsa~ 5 MapoK e>t<eMec ~4HO , 4epe3 3 ro.Qa V1 8 MeC~I..IeB cM o>t<eT cecrb 3a pynb co6crseHHoro "<PonbKcsareHa ". Bepo~THO , raK V1 6blno 6bl , HO pa,Qy>t<HbiM nnaHaM noMewana Bropa~ MV1posa~ soiiHa.

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BOBCe. H1-1KTO He 3H8eT, LITO 1-1 KOr,Qa CTpaHHqa N! 57

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no MOTI1BaM The ZOMBI E Survival Guide by M

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rnaSHbiM repoeM MHO>KeCTSa KOM>'IKCOS >1 Sl-1.[\eO>'Irp. Ho "HeKpOHOM>'IKOH" He o6>J3aTeneH. B rDHKOHrCKOill cep1-1>1 "Waon>1Hb npoT>'IS 3nOSeW,>1X MepTBel.\OS" (2004) K>1Taii!CK>1e .QaOCbl S0.[\5lT 3a C060ill 30M6>1 , KaK nocnyWHbiX L\blnnflT, l..lenbiMI-1 CTaiiiKaMI-1. Hawa npasocnasHa>J Mar>'lfl TO>Ke He no.QKa4ana. B qmnbMe "3ara.QKa cTaporo Kna.Q6>1w,a " (2008) Sbl5lCH>JeTc>J , 4TO P>'~TYanbHOe 30M6>1posaH>1e y Hac >13.[\aSHa npaKT>1KyeTCfl S SeTXO!Ii 4aCOSHe .QepeSHI-1 n>'IXO.QeesKa. KTO 6bl MOr no.QyMaTb, a? CTan

~~ C03AaHbl AOKTOpaMH V1 see >Ke, s Haw seK napa 1-1 3neKTp>14ecTsa , Tpa.Q>'~LI>'~OHHa>J Mar>'lfl YCTYnaeT MeCTO Marl-1>1 HayKI-1. 3cTa¢eTY KOnAYHOS nepsbiMI-1 nepexsaT>'Inl-1 .QOKTOpa-3no.Qe>1 . I.e!>. nasKpa¢T npe.Qynpe>K.Qan o6 3TOM ew,e s Ha4ane XX seKa. no3>Ke no ero paccKa3aM CT10apT lop.QOH CHfln 3HaMeH>1TYIO Tp>'lnOrl-110 "PeaH>1MaTop"(1985), r.Qe 3nosew,1-1ill Me.Q>'IK lep6epT Y3CT O>K>1SnfleT see MepTBoe soKpyr, SKni04a>J CSO>'IX KOnner-.QOKTOpOS. 0Tn>14Hafl cep>1>1 o spa4ax-y6>'~illl..laX 6b1na c.QenaHa s 60-x ro.Qax ,/J.>t<eccoM c!lpaHKO. Ha3saH>1fl rosop5lT caM>'~ 3a ce65l: "Y>KaCHblill .QOKTop Opnos "(1962), ",ll,b5lsonbcK>1ill .QOKTop Z"(1966), 'Tna3a nopo4Horo .QOKTopa Opnosa"(1973). npas.Qa, .QOKTOpa Manoop>1r>1HanbHbl. TaK >Ke, KaK >1 >Kpel.\bl sy.Qy, OHI-1 O>K>1Sn5liOT MepTBel.\OS, 4T06bl npespaw,aTb >'IX S CSO>'IX nocnyWHbiX nO.QPY4HbiX. HeKOTOpble >13 Me.Q>'IKOS O.Qep>K>1Mbl >1.[\eeill OC4aCTn>1S>1Tb 4enoSe4eCTSO , no604HbiM 3¢¢eKTOM KOTOpOill OKa3biSaeTC5l TOTanbHafl 30M6>1¢>1Kal.\>15l. Ho oco6eHHO >13.QesaTenbCK>1 onacHbl spa4>1 , pa6oTaiOW,>1e S >'IH.QYCTPI-1>1 KpacoTbl. "0Mona>K>1saTenb "(1988, c!lpaHL\>15l) SbiSO.Q>'IT >13 M03ra KpbiCbl CbiSOpOTKy, n03SOnfliOW,YIO o6opa4>1saTb SCnflTb npOL\eCC CTapeH>'Ifl. V1 cTapeiOw,a>J .Q>'~Sa , anpo6>1posaswa5l Ha ce6e 4YAO-cpe.QcTso, sHe3anHO ow,yw,aeT >KYTKYIO noTpe6HOCTb S CblpOM 4enose4eCKOM M03re.

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KOM >13 cepl-1>1 "c!laHTa3M " ,lJ,OHa KoCKapennl-1 (1979-1998, CWA). Bep3>1na 1-1 caM , npas.Qa , paHbwe 6bln X>'~PYP ­ roM. BoT 1-1 sepb nocne 3Toro s Ai116on>1Ta 1-1 sceo6w,y10 .Q>1CnaHcep!-13al..l>110!

I] HenoHRTHO OTKYAa CaMafl3.Qpasa>JKOHI..Ienl..l>1fl so3H>1~ HOSeH>'Ifl 30M6>1. KaKafl pa3H>11..1a , OTKy.Qa OHI-1, ecn1-1 OHI-1 Y>t<E 3,ll,ECb. ,IJ.>Kop.Q>K PoMepo, Koponb KnaCC>14ecKoro >KaHpa 30M6>1-¢>1nbMOS , H>'IKOr.Qa He 3ai..I>1Kn>1sanc>J Ha TaK>'IX sonpocax. B ero 3HaMeH>1TOill cep1-11-1 "Ho4b >K>'~SbiX MepTBel.\OS", "PaccseT MepTSel.\OS ", ",lJ,eHb MepTSel.\OS", "3eMnfl MepTBeL\OS" (1968- HaW >'I .[\HI-1) niO.Qeill KOC>'IT KaKafl-TO HeSe.QOMafl HanaCTb. no TeneS>130py, npas.Qa, coo6w,aiOT, 4TO c BeHepbl sepHyncfl HeKI-1111 KOCM>14eCKOill 30H.Q, HO H>'IKTO TaK >1 He nOH>1MaeT, K 4eMy 6bl 3TO. 3oM6>1 PoMepo Me.QneHHO 1-1 ynopHo >'~AYT snepe.Q, na.Qa5l TOnbKO OT SbiCTpena s ronosy, a repo1-1, 3a6app>1Ka.Q>1posasw>1Cb OT TOnn MepTS5lKOS , Se.QYT ynopHyiO 6opb6y 3a >K>13Hb. B <I>>'~ Han Ka>K.Qoro <P>'~nbMa Tpa.Q>11..1>10HHO SbiXO.QflT Herp >1 6enafl >KeHW,>1Ha . CaM PoMepo 4eCTHO np>13Hasancfl , 4TO no3a>1MCTSOsan CSO>'IX 30M6>1 >13 KH>'Irl-1 P>14ap.Qa M3TCOHa "rl nereH.Qa " >1 >13 CH5lTOrO no Hell! S 64-M rD.Qy <P>'~nbMa "nocne.QH>1ill4enoseKHa 3eMne" (ceill4ac 3Ta >1CTOP>'~5l onHTb cmna nonyn>JpHa 6naro.Qap5l p>1Mei11Ky c Y>1nnoM CM>1TOM). npas.Qa , s "nereH.Qe " ¢1-1ryp1-1posan>1 saMn>'lpbl, HO KaK>'Ie-To y>K 04eHb Me.QneHHble. To n1-1 HeCMOTPfl Ha .. , TO n1-1 6naro.Qap>J TOMy, 4TO Ha 3arnasHble pon1-1 PoMepo np>1rnac1-1n Mano>13SecTHbiX aKTepos >13

MeCTHbiX .QpaMKPY>KKOs, nepsblill ¢>1nbM npo >K>1SbiX MepTsei..IOS >'~Men 6eweHblill ycnex. nocne npeMbepbl "Ho4>1 >K>'~SbiX MepTBel..los " 3P>1Ten>1 anno.Q>1posan1-1 CTOfl. Henpo¢eCC>10HanbHblill rp>'IM >13 3TOrO ¢>1nbMa CTan 3TanOHOM Ka4eCTSa 30M6>1 Ha MHor1-1e rD.Qbl , a 61-16n>1oTeKa KoHrpecca CWA SHeena <P>'~nbM s HaLI>'~OHanbHblill peecTp KaK "sa>KHblill no >1CTOp>14eCK>1M , KynbTYPHbiM >1 3CTeT>14eCK>1M np>14>1HaM ".

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cpoKI-1 na6oparopi-1fl/ ropoAfcrpaHa/ Mi-1p 3anonHf!IOTCfl OPAO~ Meprsel(OS. CtO>t<eT MO>t<HO CMeno Ha3SaTb apxeTI-1nW·leCKI-1M . CHaYana 3TO 6blnl-1 KOMnbtOTepHble 1-1rpb1. nepsaf! YaCTb cep1-11-1 Sblwna s 1996 r0AY Ha Playstation . Ha AaHHbl~ MOMeHT Capcom 1-13Aana 20 Yacre~ survival -horror 1-1rpb1 Resident Evil 1-1 npoAana 6onbwe 40 Ml-1nnl-1oHos KOni-1~! B 2002 r0AY no 1-1rpe CHflnl-1 nepsbl~ <j>l-1nbM . Me>t<Ay npoYI-1M, 3a speMfl ero cbeMOK M1-1nna 111ososi-1Y nopaHI-1na pe>t<!-1ccepa 1-1 rpex YneHos CbeMOYHO~ rpynnbl. 3a HI-1M nocneAOsano rp1-1 Ci-1Ksena : "AnoKanl-1nCI-1C " (2004}, "BbiMI-1paHI-1e " (2007 ) 1-1 "}t{I-13Hb nocne CMepri-1 "(2010). As 2008 r0AY S 51nOHI-11-1 SbiWna Aa>+<e 3D-nonHoMerpa>+<Ka. "061-1renb 3na " crana caMbiM f!PKI-1M sonnoll.(eHI-1eM Hosoro Ml-1<j>a , HI-1YyTb He cna6ee 3noca loMepa 1-1 rpareAI-1~ Espi-1ni-1Aa. Ho "AM6penna" ell.(e He caMaf! 3noseLl.(af! KOpnopal(l-1fl, KOTOpytO MO>t<HO SOo6pa31-1Tb: s rp1-1nnepe "npo6y>t<AeHI-1e HeKpononf! "(2002) see YneHbl Kopnopal(l-11-1 "Heo leHeTI-1Ke" 1-1 caMI-1 30M61-1.

KCTATH }t{aHp 30M611-MYBI1 CTporo KaHOHI1YeH: HOBOBBeAeHI1SI ero TOnbKO nopTSIT. YeM 60nbwe $11nbMOB CHSITO Ha OA11H 11 TOT )f{e CIO)f{eT, TeM nyYWe. TO )f{e caMoe c Ha3BaHI1SIMI1: He 3anyraTbCSI B pa3H006pa3HbiX "}t{HBbiX MepTBeL.~aX " MO)f{eT TOnbKO HaCTOSilJ.!I1H reHI1H 30M611BeAeHI1SI . Mbl 6bl TaKOMY CMeno npi1CYA11nl1 30M611-H06enesKy! xxl oHTR6pb 2011

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PaAI-1al(l-1fl - ra >+<e Marl-1fl , TOflbKO oYeHb HayYHaf!. KaK Heflb3fl nyYwe nOAXOAI-1T Anfl 06bf!CHeHI-1fl, KaKoro yepra nosCIOAY waratOTCfl ronnbl KycaYI-1X noKO~HI-1KOS. Yacro paAI-1al(l-1e~ YeCTHO nbiTaiOTCfl l-13neYI-1Tb 6one3HI-1 1-1n1-1 norpas1-1rb HaceKOMbiX ("nycrb MepTSble ne>t<aT S CSOI-1X MOrl-1nax ", 197 4). Ho 3aOAHO 1-13 MOrl-1n SOCCTaiOT Meprsel(bl. ,LJ,pyro~ sap1-1aHT- rno6anbHafl f!AepHaf! so~Ha. B rp1-1nnepe "no>+<l-1pafl >+<I-1Sblx" (2003, CWA, KaHaAa), raK >+<e KaK 1-1 s Kynbroso~ cep1-11-1 Pnr Fallout, >+<I-1SI-1TenbHbl~ f!AePHbl~ ApMareAAOH nopo}t{Aaer MHOro SCf!YeCKI-1X Cyll.(HOCTe~, S TOM Yi-1Cne 1-1 30M61-1. Kcrar1-1, HaYancfl paAI-1al(I-10HHbl~ 30M61-1-6yM C OYeHb CMeWHOrO <j>l-1nbMa 3AsapAa KaHa "Co3AaHI-1e caroMHbiM M03rOM" (1955). 5biSWI-1~ HaL(I-1CTCKI-1~ yYeHbl~ s L(enf!x nopa6oll.(eHI-1fl Mi-1pa i-1306peraer HeKytO f!AepHYIO ycraHOsKy. 0Ha O>+<i-1Snf!er 3HaMeHI-1TbiX aMep!-1KaHCKI-1X raHrcrepos npownoro. laHrcrepbl pa6ora10r Ha aroMHbiX 6arape~Kax .

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ee rennoeMKOCTb He ysemtYHBaercR, a naAaer. Ho s HHTepsane 35-37 - 100 rpaAyCOB OHa OnRTb Ha'-IHHaeT paCTIA, lA JT11M CBOi1cTBOM '-faCTO nOJ1b3YIOTCR Ha MeTa1111ypriAYeCKIAX 3aBOAaX: B Ka'-leCTBe OXIlaAHTeilR TaM IACnOilb3YIOT He XOilOAHyiO BOAy, a KIAnRTOK (KOHe'-IHO, pe'-lb HAeT o6 o6beKTax, HarpeTbiX BbiWe 100°C). Kcrar11, AilR npespall\eHHR s nap OAHOro rpaMMa BOAbl rpe6yeTCR 537 KailOPIAIA Tenna - pacKaileHHbiH MeTaJlJl OTAaeT JTy JHepriAIO lA OCTbiBaeT. KOHAeHCIApyRCb, nap YeCTHO 803spalllaer s oKpy>KaiOll\YIO cpeAy Ka>KAble 537 OTHRTbiX KailOpiAH. 8 IATOre (Aa>Ke 6e3 MerannyprHYeCKIAX 3asoAOB) Ka>KAbiH rOA B B03AYX nOAHIAMaerCR 520 000 Ky6HYeCKIAX KIAJlOMeTpOB BOAbl, IACnapiABWIAXCR C nosepXHOCTIA ny>K, peK, Mopei1 , oKeaHOB 11 cyw11. Bee JTO Ten110 AOCTaeTCR XOilOAHbiM perHOHaM , lAHaYe nHHrBHHbl AaBHO nepeAox1111 6bl OT XOilOAa, a JKBarop CTail 6bl HarypailbHbiM KpeMaTOpHeM. K C'-laCTbiO, IACnapeHIAR MHpOBOro OKeaHa YKYTbiBaiOT Hawy nnaHery rennbiM OAeRilOM, a ee BHyrpeHHRR BOAa pa6oraeT 6eCn11aTHbiM TenJlOHOCIATeJleM B OTOniATeilbHOH CIACTeMe nOA Ha3BaHHeM "HeApa 3eMnH ".

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oponor ~ ~3o6perarenb AanbTOH~3Ma A>KoH AanbTOH (1766-1844) Han~ean: " noYeMy soAa He eoxpaHHer eSOIO ¢opMy nOA06HO 111060MY ra 3y? noesHnts peweH~IO 3TOH npo6ne Mbl AOeTaTO'-IHO speMeH~ . H He MOry e nonHOH ysepeHHOeTbiO AaTb noAXOAHll.(~H OTBeT, OAHaKO H ysepeH , '-ITO see 3as~e~T or seea ~ KOn~Yeersa M~KPOYaeT~l.\ S Sell.(eerse". 8 eKOpOM speMeH~ AanbTOH np~AYMan aTOMHYIO Teop~IO Sell.(eersa- OHa 6b1na ell.(e HeeosepweHHOH , HO nosn~Hna Ha 6yAyll.(ee x~M~~ He MeHbwe K~enopOAHOH reop~~ flasya3be. So STOPOH nonos~He XIX seKa noHs~naeb ra6n~l.\a MeHAeneesa, reop~H HenpepbiSHoer~ ra3osoro ~ >K~A­ Koro eoeTOHH~H BaH-Aep-Baanbea , oeMOT~YeeKaH reop~H paersopos BaHr-lo¢¢a , reop~H 3neKrpon~T~Ye­ eKOH A~eeol.\~al.\~~ AppeH~yea ~ HepeanbHOe KOil~'-leeTSO pa60T, noeSHll.(eHHbiX SOAe ~ SOAHbiM paersopaM. 5~onor~ ~ MeA~K~ He orerasan~­ saHn~ roneTble roMa o 6~onor~Ye­ eKoH pon~ SOAbl ~ ee neye6Honpo¢~naKT~YeeKOM ~enonb3osaH~~.

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T04HO 3anyCTI-1Tb ero B KpOnl-14biO HOpy, npeABapi-1TenbHO 3aTKHYB BCe APYrl-ie BbiXOAbl rpaso~ (MO)!{HO nocraBI-1Tb cne1.11-1anbHb1e ceTKI-1). OcTaBbTe OTI<pbiTbiMI-1 TOnbKO Te BbiXOAbl , OTKYAa 6YAYT BbiCKaKI-1BaTb Kponl-11<1-1. A OHI-1 06513aTenbHO 6YAYT BbiCKaKI-1BaTb. He XOAI-1Te C XOpbKaMI-1 Ha OXOTY B )!{apy- ecTb onacHOCTb norep51Tb 3BepbKa B Hope 1-1n1-1 norep51Tb era so-

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112 CTpaHHIIa

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Haw OTBeT 6ypHCyHHaM BnpoYeM , HaYanocb see e~e so speMeHa 6oraToro 11 npol(seTaiO~ero CoseTcKoro Col03a. B 1976 roAY CoseT M11HI1CTpos 11Mnep1111 npi1H5ln peweHI1e o C03AaHI111 YAapHoro sepToneTa , KOTOpbli:1 MOr 6bl YHI1YTO}l{aTb Ha3eMHble L(enl1, S TOM YI1Cne 6poHeTeXHI1Ky. HymHO 6blnO MeH5lTb CT05l~l1i:1 TOrAa Ha soopymeHI-11-1 Ml-1-24, Aa 11 aMepi1KaHL(bl S TO speM5l KaK pa3 I-1Cnb1Tb1Sanl-1 CSOIO HOSI-1HKY AH -64 "Ana'-! ". OK5 KaMosa noAowno K SblnonHeHI110 3aAaYI-1 C OrOHbKOM. V1 MaWI1Ha, KOTOpyiO npeAsapi1TenbHO Ha3sanl-1 B-80 , nonyYI-1nacb a6coniOTHO pesoniOL(I-10HHoi:1. B03M0}l{H0, KOHCTPYKTOpbl HaCM0Tpeni-1Cb 3aOKeaHCKI-1X cjll-1nbMOS, a MomeT, nonpocry 6blnl-1 TanaHTni-1SbiMI1 I-1H}l{eHepaMI-1, HO S pe3ynbTaTe 3KI-1nam YAapHoro sepTonera snepsble coKpaTI-1nc5l soo6~e AO OAHOro YenoseKa. ,IJ,nH 3Toro s sepToneT Han1-1xan11 KYYY asTOMaTI-1KI1 , no3son5liO~ei:1 , K npi-1Mepy, n11nory ynpasnHTb HeKOTOpbiMI-1 CI-1CTeMaMI1 nosopOTOM ronOSbl. MeHbwe n1-1mnos - MeHbWe ra6api1Tbl , MeHbWe sec, MeHbWe noTepl-1 11 MeHbWe speMeHI-1 Ha nOAr0TOSKY 3KI1nama. KpoMe 3Toro, sepToneT snepSble s I-1CTOPI-11-1 6bln 060PYAOSaH KaTa nynbTOi:1. PaHbwe-To o cnaceHI11-1 3KI1namei:1 HI-1KTO Aame He 3aAYMblsanc5l. nn10C 411CTO KaMOSCKOe "Hoy-xay" COOCHOe pacnonomeHI-1e SI-1HTOS.

Aonro B3neTan~ , HO HeMHoro noneTanH nepsbli:1 noneT I-1CnbiTaTenbHoro o6pa3L(a COCT05lnC5l S 1982 r0AY, aS cneAYIO~eM , 83-M , S S03AYX nOAH5lnC5l nonHOCTbiO 060PYAOSaHHbli:1 WTaTHbiMI-1 CI-1CTeMaMI-1 1-1 SOOpymeHI-1eM 3K3eMnn5lp. noTOM Ha4anaCb An1-1HHa5l I-1CTOPI-15l 6oAaHI-15l K5 Ml-1n5l 11 KaMosa 3a npaso npoAsl-1meHI-15l co6cTseHHbiX o6pa3L(OS , Ho He 6yAeM yroMn5lTb sac nOAP06HOCT5lMI1 - see Mbl 3HaeM , KaKI-1MI-1 cnoco6aMI-1 pewaiOT sonpocbl 411HOSHI-1KI-1. V1 C TOi:1 nOpbl see He TOnbKO He I-13MeHI1nOCb, a cTano KYAa HarnHAHee 1-1 Harnee. Kopoye rosop5l, KaMOSL(bl no6eAI-1nl1 , 1-1x sepTonery np1-1cso11nl-1 o6o3Ha4eHI-1e Ka-50, Ha3sanl-1 " ~epHa5l aKyna " 1-1 C 1990 no 1993 rOA npOSOAI-1nl-1 C HI1M rocyAapcTseHHble I-1CnbiTaHI-15l. noTOM npoWnl-1 11CnbiTaHI-15l SOi:1CKOSble, 1-1 S 1995 rOAY npe31-1AeHT PocCI-111 noAnl-1can yKa3 o npi-1H5lTI11-1 Ka -50 Ha soopymeHI-1e. Ho yKa3bl yKa3aMI-1 , a AeHbrl-1 AeHbra MI-1. B Hawei:1 CTpaHe, KaK I-13SeCTHO, AeHer HeT yme 20 neT Hl-1 Ha 4TO, He lUll OKTR6pb

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npi-1HOCSUL(ee MrHOBeHHYIO 1-1 orpOM HYIO npi-16blflb. " YepHa51 aKyna" npi-16blfll-1 , BI-1AI-1Mo, He o6ell.lana (1-1Ill-1 He OTKaTI-'IJll-1 KOMY HaAO, KTO Tenepb pa36epeTC51), no3TOMY nocrpoi-1Tb YAanocb scero 10 MaWI-'IH. P1-1CKHY npeAnono>KI-1Tb , 4TO 1-1 3Ti-1 10 nOCTpOI-'IJll-1 TOJlbKO nOTOMy, 4TO TOrAa WJll-1 4e4eHCKI-1e sofiHbl 1-1 YAapHble sepTOneTbl sofiCKaM 6b1Jll-1 npOCTO He06XOAI-1Mbl. UenbiX ABa Ka-50 1..\eflbiX nomopa MeC511.\a B KOHI.\e 2000-ro- HaYaJle 2001 roAa BblnOilH51Jll-1 6oesble 3aAa41-1 s YeYHe. B cno>KHefiwl-'lx ycnoBI-151X ropHofi MeCTHOCTI-1, npi-1 OTBpaTI-1TeJlbHOfi norOAe 1-1 aKTI-'IBHOM npOTI-'IBOAefiCTBI-11-1 nBO "AKYilbl" cosepWI-'IJll-1 nOJlCOTHI-1 6oesbiX Bblfleros. BepTOnerbl oYeHb MHOrO XBaJli-'IJll-1, OTMeYaJll-1 I-'IX npei-1MYlJ..IeCTBa 1-1 HaAe>KHOCTb, o6ecneYeH!-1e 6e3onacHOCTI-1 3KI-1na>Ka , HO ... Ho 4TOro CKpi-1nHyJlO B 6topOKpaTI-14eCKOfi MaWI-1He, 6oesyto YAapHyto rpynny pac<jlopMI-'Iposanl-1 1-1 npeAnOYTeHI-'Ie 6biJlO OTAaHo seproneraM MI-1Il51- Mi-1-28. Xopowo 3TO 1-'ifll-1 nnoxo- He HaM cyA1-1Tb, HO Ha ceroAH51WHI-1fi AeHb y Boopy>KeHHbiX C1-1n sen1-1Kofi Poccl-11-1 I-1Meerc51 a>K OAI-'IHHaAI.\aTb (!) sepTOJleTOB Ka -50. V1x cepl-1f1Hoe npoi-13BOACTBO 6b1Jl0 npeKpalJ..IeHO B 2009 rDAY C rpOMKI-'IM 3a51BJleH!-1eM, 4TO snpeAb 6YAYT AeJlaTb TOJlbKO Ka-52. Hy, npo Ka-52 pa3rosop 6yAeT Aanbwe, a Mbl c saMI-1 Aasafire nonpo6yeM npeAcraBI-1Tb, YTO >Ke 1-13 ce651 npeAcrasn51eT 6oesofi OAHOMeCTHblfi YAapHblfi seproner Ka-50 "YepHa51 aKyna", no HaTOsCKOfi KJlaCCI-1<jli-1Kal.\l-11-1 - Hokum A.

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6poHefi secoM 350 Kr, no3BOJ151tolJ..Iefi Bb1Aep>Ki-1BaTb nonaAaHI-151 23-MM CHaP51AOB 1-112,7-MM 6poHe6ofiHbiX nynb. Han1-141-1e raKofi 3alJ..II-1Tbl , a raK>Ke so3MO>KHOCTb KaTanyflbTI-'IpOBaHI-151 , 51CHOe AeflO, seCbMa CI-1JlbHO CHI-'I>KaeT nCI-1XOIlOrl-14eCKYIO Hanp51>KeHHOCTb ni-1JlOTa. HasepH51Ka cnoco6crsyer 3TOMY >Ke 1-1 TO, 4TO KOHCTPYKI..\1-151 ABI-'Irarenefi sepTOJleTa o6ecne41-1Baer 1-1x asapi-1f1Hyto pa-

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114 CTpaHHqa

XXI OKTR6pb

2011


601y B Te'-leH!-1e nony'-laca nocne nonHoi1 noTep!-1 Macna. Mano Toro, so speMI1 I-1CnbiTaHI-1i1 y Ka-50 npOi-13Benl-1 OTCTpen XBOCTOBOro onepeHI-111 (cnel..ll-1anbHO npOi-13Benl-1, HI-1KaKI-1X A1-1Bepcl-1i1), '-ITO HI-1KaK He nosn1-111n0 Ha B03M0}1{HOCTb MaWI-1Hbl npOAOn»<aTb noneT 1-1 cosepwi-1Tb nocaAKY. Ha wneMe n1-1noTa Ka-50 o6opyAOBaHa CI-1CTeMa L.~eneyKa3aHI-111 "063op-800", Koropal1 np1-1 nosopoTe ronOBbl neT'-II-1Ka, npi1MO KaK s KI-1HO, BbiAaeT KOMaHAbl no L.~eneyKa3a­ HI-110 c noMOLl.(biO na3epHoro ny'-la An11 KOMnneKCa " WKBan-8" 1-1 paKeT "s03AYX-B03Ayx". BoT Mbl 1-1 nOAOWnl-1 snnOTHYIO K BOopy»<eHI-110 " YepHoi1 aKynbl". KycaeTCI1 xxl OKTA6pb 2011

OHa C nOMOLl.(biO MOLl.(HOi1 aTOMaTI-1'-IeCKOi1 30-MM nyWKI-1 2A42, pa3pa6oTaHHOi1 ell.(e An11 5Mn-2. ,IJ,anbHOCTb ee cTpenb6bl AOCT!-1raeT 4 KM , 6oeKOMnneKT- 460 CHap11AOB , 1-13 KOTOpbiX n1-1n0T MO»<eT Bbl6!-1paTb 1-1n1-1 6poHe60i1Hble, 1-1n1-1 OCKOnO'-IHO-<j>yraCHble. EcTb y n1-1noTa 1-1 B03MO»<HOCTb Bbl6opa TeMna cTpenb6bl - 550 1-1n1-1 350 BbiCTpenos s MI-1Hyry. Ha Kpblno sepToneTa (a y Hero ecTb ceMI-1MeTposoe KpblnO) nOABeWI-1BaiOTCI1 KOHTei1Hepbl CO CTaHAapTHbiMI-1 23-MM aBI-1anywKaMI-1 1-1 o6Ll.(I-1M 6oe3anacoM 500 naTpoHOB. ,IJ,n11 BblnOnHeHI-111 OCHOBHOi1 3aAa'-11-1 - YHI-1'-ITO»<eHI-111 6poHeTeXHI-1KI-1 - y Ka-50 I-1MeiOTCI1 npoTI-1BOTaHKOBble ynpaBnl1eMble paKeTbl "Bi-1Xpb" (no wecTb wryK Ha ABYX noABI-1»<HbiX ycTpoi1cTsax). EcTb 1-1 Heynpasnl1eMble paKeTbl- '-leTblpe 6noKa no 20 paKeT Kanl-16poM 80 MM 1-1n1-1 ABa 6noKa no ni1Tb 122-MM paKeT. KoHe'-IHO, Ha nl-1noHbl sepToneTa MO»<Ho np1-1 »<enaHI-11-1 nOABeW!-1BaTb 1-1 60M6bl, KaCCeTHble 6oenp1-1nacb1 1-1 soo6Ll.(e O'-leHb WI-1POKYIO HOMeHKnarypy soopy»<eHI-1i1 1-1 6oenp1-1nacos o6Ll.(i-1M secoM AO 2800 Kr.

KaK H3 aKynbt annHraTopa CAenanH Co6cTseHHO rosop11, Ka-52 no npo3BI-1Ll.(Y "Annl-1raTop" (Hokum B s HATO)- 3TO MOAI-1¢1-1Kal..ll-111 OAHOMecTHoro sepToneTa Ka-50. 0CHOBHal1 ero 3aAa'-la, oHa »<e oco6eHHOCTb, ynpasneH!-1e 6oeM, BeAeH!-1e pa3BeAKI-1 1-1 o6ecne'-leH!-1e L.~eneyKa3aHI-111. ,IJ,n11 TaKoi1 3aAa'-11-1 OAHOro n1-1noTa, Aa»<e

CTpaHHqa N• 115


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S3aMeH eTapbiX 3neKTpOMeXaH!-14eeKI-1X yKa3aTenef1. Meem WTYPMaHaonepampa 060PYAOSanl-1 6!-iHOKyn51pOMnep!-1eKOnOM e 6onbWI-1M ysen!-14eHI-1eM. Ha sepxHefi nosepxHoeTI-1 <jll03en5l>+<a s nOASI-l>+<HOM wape 6bina eMOHT!-iposaHa el-leTeMa "CaMWI-lT-3", SKnl04aiOLl.la51 S ee651 AHeSHYIO Teneel-leTeMy, TennOSI-130p, na3epHblfi AanbHOMepL(eneyKa3aTenb 1-1 neneHramp na3epHoro nf!THa. Bnpo4eM, rosop!-1Tb o e!-leTeMax Ha6n10AeHI-151 1-1 L(eneyKa3aHI-151 Mbl eef14ae He 6yAeM, nOTOMy 4TO KOMnOHOSKa MaW!-lH MO>+<eT eyll.leeTSeHHO Sapb!-ipOSaTbe51. HaM eef14ae 1-lHTepeeHa eyAb6a "Ann1-1rampa ". Ho An51 Ha4ana see-TaKI-1 napy enos o ero neTHbiX xapaKTep!-1eT!-1Kax. Bmpofi n1-1n0T 1-1 , eOOTSeTeTSeHHO, n05lsneH!-1e AOnOnHI-1TenbHOro 060PYAOSaHI-151 HeeKOnbKO YXYAWI-lnl-1 neTHble s03MO>+<HOeTI-1 Ka-52 no epasHeHI-110 e OAHOMeeTHbiM npeAweeTseHHI-lKOM. Ysenl-141-lnaeb s3neTHa51 Maeea , a 3Ha41-1T eHI-131-1ne51 eTaT!-14eeKI-1fl 1-1 A1-1HaMI-14eeKI-1fl nomnoK. EeTb nnaHbl yeTaHOSKI-1 Ha "Ann1-1ramp" 6onee MOLl.IHbiX ASI-1raTenefi, 4TO n03SOni-1T KOMneHe!-ipOsaTb 3TI-1 noKa3aTenl-1.

S03HI-1Kana ni-1Wb npl-1 06b51SneHI-11-1 TeHAepos, TO eeTb KOrAa Ha rop!-130HTe Ha41-lHanl-1 51SeTseHHO Ma5141-1Tb AeHe>+<KI-1. TeHAepbl 06b51Sn5lnO, KOHe4HO >+<e, He poee1-1fieKoe MI-1H06opoHbl (KYAa eMy), a 1-1HAI-1fll(bl 1-1 KOpefil(bl. nepSblfl 3K3eMnn51p MaWI-1Hbl noene >+<ypHanl-leTos ys1-1Aen1-1 1-1HA1-1fil(bl, 1-1 sepmneT noTOM He pa3 nepeAen~1san1-1. noTOM TeHAepbi KaK-TO eTanl-1 yraeaTb, a e Hl-lMI-1 1-1 1-lHTepee K npoi-13SOAeTsy "Ann1-1rampos ". Ho HeeMOTp51 Ha see TPYAHOeTI-1 , !-lenbiTaHI-151 S 1-lHTepeeax poee1-1fieKOfl apMI-11-1 He npeKpall.lan!-leb. 060PYAOSaH!-1e Me-

HcTopHR c npoAomKeHHeM. HnH 6e3 BTopa51 nonos1-1Ha 90-x roAOS s Poeel-11-1 - 3TO y>+<e snonHe KOMMep4eeK!-1e speMeHa , S TOM 41-lene 1-1 S 060pOHKe, n03TOMy se51 aKT!-lSHOeTb SOKpyr Ka-52 XXI OKT116pb 2011


H5lll0Cb V1 AOpa6aTbiBallOCb, a MaWV1HY nepV10AV1YeCKV1 noKa3biBanV1 Ha BbiCTasKax, IOPAO HaAyBa5l ll.(eKI-1 . ~ BOT, HaKOHel.\, 2 7 V110 H5l 2008 IOAa B IOPOAe ApceHbeBe n pV1MOpCKOIO Kpa5l cocT05lllC5l V1CnbiTaTell bHbli:i noner nepsoro Ka -52 1-13 onbiTHoi:i napTI-11-1 , npeAHa3HaYeHHOi:i An5l pocc1-1i:icKV1X Boopy>KeHHbiX C1-1n . OceHbiO TaM >Ke HaYa nocb MellKOCepV1i:i HOe npOV13BOACTBO, 1-1 , no coo611(eHV110 PVIA " Hosocr1-1 " , Ha 20 Ma5l 2011 IOAa BCero V13 rOTOBileHO 12 "Ann1-1rampos ", 1-13 KOTOp biX BOCeMb CT05lT Ha soopy>KeHI-11-1 s a sV1a6a 3ax s Top>KKe 1-1 s YepH wo s Ke (no YeTblpe WTYKI-1 ). 20 V110H5l 3TOIO rOAa npeACTa BV1Tellb Poco6opo H3Kcno pra 3a5lBV1n s ne- 5yp>Ke, YTO nna HV1 pyerc5l

Ka-52 CTOHMOCTb - OKOJlO 16 MllH AOilllapOB.

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Kpei1cepcKaR CKOpOCTb - 250 KM/'l MaKCHMallbHaSl CKOpOCTb - 310 KM/'l .QanbHOCTb nonera: npaKTH'leCKaSl - 520 KM neperOHO'lHaSl - 1200 KM noTOJlOK: CTaTH'leCKHH - 3600 M AHHaMH'leCKHH - 5500 M 3KHna>K - 2 'len.

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XXI OKTA6pb 2011

OCHaCTV1Tb noKynaeMble y ¢paHL\Y30B " M1-1CTpan1-1 " V1MeHHO seproneraMI-1 Ka -52 B MOpCKOi:i MOAV1QJV1Kal.\V1V1 . Hy YTO >K, nnaHbl nnaHaMI-1 , HO YTO TaKoe BOCeMb, nycTb Aa>Ke ABeHaA1..\aTb, sepToneros A115l poccV1i:iCKV1 X Macwra6os? Ho KaK 6bl TO Hl-1 6blll0 , B3rll5lHeM Ha HaYV1HKY "Ann1-1raropa " . Boopy>KeHV1e e ra nonHOCTbiO cosnaAaeT c Ka -50. Ho AOnOilHV1TellbHO Ha Hero MO>KHO nOABeCV1Tb YP 611V1>KHero 605l " s03AYXB03AYX" 1-1 HYP " s03AYX-3eMn5l ". nTYP " 8V1 Xpb " Tenepb B COCT05lHV1V1 nopa>KaTb 6pOHeTeXHV1KY Ha 8 KM V1 np06V1BaTb 900-MM 6poHIO. Ha noKa3aHHO M Ha MAKC-2003 o6pa 31..\e CTO>llll-1 pa AV10noKal.\V10HH~i:i KOMnlleKc "Ap6alleT", CV1CTeMa "CaMWV1T-5M-1 " A115l KpyrnocyroYHoro o6 3opa , o6Hapy>KeHV15l V1 pacn03HaBaHV15l 06be KTOB , 3aXBaTa 1-1 asroconposO>KAeHV15l Ha3eM Hbi X 1..\enei:i 1-1 rypenbHa5l onrV1K0 3neKTPOHHa5l CV1CTeMa T03C A115l KpyrnocyroYHoro o63opa MeCTHOCTI-1 . Ha4V1HKa AOCTOi:1Ha5l , He nocnopV1Wb . nnaHbl , on>lTb >Ke, rpaHAV103Hble- AO 2012 roAa nocraBV1Tb s soi:i cKa 30 "Ann1-1raropos " 1-1 ocHaCTV1Tb Ka}t{Abli:i 1-1 3 KynneHHbi X " MV1CTpanei:i " npV1MepHO nonyropa AeC5lTKaMV1 MaWV1H. A nepsbli:i " MV1 CTpanb " AOn>KeH 3acrynV1Tb Ha 6oesoe Ae>KypcTBO BM<P POCCI-11-1 y>Ke B HeAalleKOM 2014 rOAY· Ocranacb raK , MenoYb , scero-Hascero npeTBOPV1Tb 3TV1 nnaHbl B >K V1 3Hb. XXL CTpaHIIIIa N• 117


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naynb May3ep C AOCTOI-1HCTBOM nOKnOHI-1nC5l . - 3Ha41-1T, 3TO nl-1cToneT May3epa , - npoAOn}!{an ¢1-1Aenb. - 3TO }!{e nl-1cToneT. CaMo3aP5lAHbll71. - OH Anfl sepHOCTI-1 nornflAen s 4epTe}!{. - BoT nycTb 1-1 6yAeT "caMo3aP5lAHbll71 nl-1cTOneT May3epa " . no-MoeMy, npeKpacHo 3BY41-1T. - ,O,a HeT, HY 4TO 3TO! - <j)blpKHyn ¢PI-1API-1X. - HeKOHKpeTHO KaK-TO. A ecn1-1 Mbl noTOM e~e KaKoi71-HI-16YAb caMo3ap5lAHbll71 nl-1cToneT Ha4HeM BblnycKaTb? Y HaC nYTaHI-11..\bl He B03HI-1KHeT? - BoT KOrAa 6yAeT 3TO nOTOM - TOrAa 1-1 6yAeM AYMaTb, - pewi-1TenbHO OTMen pyKol71 ¢PI-1API-1X. - A TO Y MeH5l OT TBOI-1X B03pa}!{eHI-1171 y}!{e ronosa 6oni-1T. - Y Te65l He OT B03pa}!{eHI-1171 ronosa 6oni-1T. . . - 6ypKHyn ¢PI-1API-1X. - Hy Tbl nonoAKanbiBal71! - norpo31-1n ¢1-1Aenb. - Bee nown1-1. V1 He 3a6yAbTe 4epTe}!{ CeKpeTapiO OTAaTb. A TO e~e noTep5leTC5l ... Bee nosepHyni-1Cb K ABepl-1. - noroA1-1Te!- CKa3an J/1o3e<j). ¢1-1Aenb cKpl-1nHyn 3y6aM1-1: - J/1o3e<j), TaKI-1 OAI-1H pa3 MaMe HY}!{HO 6blnO CAenaTb a6opT... Ym e~e?! Mbl e~e 4TO-TO 3a6blnl-1? - HeT... - cMy~eHHO AepHyn nne4aMI-1 Jl1o3e<j). - npocTO 5l AYMaiO ... Hey}!{enl-1 HI-1KTO 1-1 snpaBAY TaK 1-1 He Y3HaeT, KTO 1-'!MeHHO 1-13 HaC npi-1AYMan 3TOT 3aMe4aTenbHbll71 ni-1CTOneT? H1-1KOrAa-HI-1KOrAa? ¢1-1Aenb nosepHyncfl K il1o3e¢y, 1-1 c ero n1-11..\a BAPYr I-1C4e3 ome4aTOK anKoronbHoro oTpasneHI-15l. - HeT, il1o3e¢. He y3HaiOT. - rpycTHO cKa3an OH.- H1-1KOrAa-HI-1KOrAa . - Ho no4eMy?! - noTOMy, 6paT J/1o3e<j), 4TO B HaCTYnaiO~eM ABaAI..\aTOM BeKe Hawa CTpaHa pa3B5l}!{eT ABe MI-1POBble soi71Hbl 1-1 o6e npo1-1rpaeT, - ne4anbHO CKa3an ¢1-1Aenb. - Bo BTOPYIO MI-1POBYIO BOI71Hy <j)paHI..\Y3CKI-1e ropnonaHbl , 3aH5lBWI-1e CBOI71 CeKTOp OKKynal..\1-11-1 , CO}!{rYT 60nbWI-1HCTBO apx1-1sos ¢~-'~PMbl May3ep, TaK 4TO, YBbl, BP5lA nl-1 noTOMKI-1 Y3HaiOT, KTO 1-13 HaC C03Aan 3TOT ni-1CTOneT... - 0TKYAa Tbl 3TO 3Haewb, ¢1-1Aenb?!- cnpoCI-1n I-1CnyraHHbll71 J/1o3e¢. - 3TO nOTOMy, 4TO 5l y}!{e He }!{1-160171 4enOBeK, a npoweAwee, - npi-13Hanc5l ¢1-1Aenb, - 0}!{1-1saiO TOnbKO B ne4aTHbiX CTp04KaX. EA1-1HCTBeHHOe, Ha 4TO 5l HaAeiOCb, - aBTOpbl 6yAy~ero BCe-TaKI-1 He 6YAYT Cni-1WKOM BOnbHO TpaKTOsaTb HaWI-1 c saMI-1 o6pa3bl , 1-1 41-'!TaTenl-1 noi71MYT, 4TO Ha caMoM Aene Mbl 6blnl-1 cepbe3HbiMI-1 1-1 TanaHTni-'!BbiMI-1 napH5lMI-1 , a He c6opl-1~eM ni061-1Tenel71 3anO}!{I-1Tb 3a BOpOTHI-1K. - CTpawHyiO Tbl Hapi-1COBan KapTI-1Hy, - 3aAYM41-1BO CKa3an naynb May3ep. - He 6oi71C5l , naynb , - OTBeTI-1n ¢1-1Aenb. Tbl Hl-14ero 1-13 3TI-1X y}!{acos He YB~-'~A~-'~Wb. YMpeWb B 1914 rDAY B 6necKe cnaBbl 1-1 CABOp5lHCKOI71 npi-1CTaBKOI71 "<j)OH " K <j)aMI-'Inl-11-1. XXI OKTA6pb 2011


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B OT TaKI-1e <jlyryponporH03bl HpaB51TC51 MHe

KYAa 6onbwe , -

noBecenen 6YAYW.i-1C1 ¢oH Ma-

y3ep.- H y, Tenepb-TO nown1-1? -

now!ll-1 , -

ABepb. -

COrflaCI-1JlC51 ¢1-1Aeflb , OTKpbiBa51

To!lbKO no MHI-1 , Tbl MHe AOfl}l{eH 3a

peMOHT KJl03eTa. -

BoT ew,e! -

OTKpeCTI-1JlC51 May3ep. -

nycTb

<jJOpMaMI-1 <jlpe3epOBOK Ha paMKe , pa3HbiMI-1

CTO I-1MeJlO M8CTO COBnaAeH!-1e no Bp8M8Hi-1.

KypKaMI-1 1-1 c pa3HOC1 eMKOCTbiO Mara31-1HOB Ha

n1-1cmneT 5opxapAa . no npi-141-1He ero y6oro-

6 , 10, 12, 1-1 20 nmpoHOB (caMblei pacnpo -

CTI-1 , BCKOpe BblnyCK8Tb nepeCTaJll-1. ni-'ICTOJleT

cTpa HeHHblei Bap!-1aHT 6blfl Ha 10). noKa npo -

}l{e May3epa HanpOTI-1B , Ha61-1pan o6opoTbl.

I-13BOACTBO 6blfl0 MeJlKOCep!-1CiHbiM , <jJ!-1pMa He

no3TOMY HeYAI-1BI-1Te!lbHO, 4TO BCKOpe i-1CKO-

4ypallaCb BblnYCKaTb Bap!-1aHTbl nOA 3aKa3,

Mble n8Tp0Hbl y}l{e npOAaBaJli-1Cb He nOA Ha -

rAe Kfli-'leHT MOr CaM Bbl6p8Tb Ha!-160!lee nOA-

3BaH!-1eM 5opxapAa . KaK " .30 Mauser" i-'lfll-1

aKI.\i-'IOHepbl nnaT51T. Cn1-1weM Ha

XOA51W,I-1e eMy 1-13 nepe41-1CfleHHbiX napaMe-

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KOHCTPYKTOpCKO-i-1CC!l eAOBaTeflbCKYIO Ae51Te!lb-

TPOB . 3m npi-1BOAI-1T B BOCTOpr COBpeMeHHbiX

TpoH nOAXOAI-1T 1-1 Afl51 ni-'ICTOJleTa 5opxapAa,

HOCTb. B KOHI.\e KOHI.\OB, y HaC aKI.\i-'IOHepHOe

KOJlJleKI.\i-10HepoB , HO AeflaeT B03MO}I{HOCTb

4epe3 HeKOTopoe BpeM51 i-1C4e3no c naTpOH-

o6w,ecTBo i-'lfll-1 HeT?

On!-1CaTb BCe Bap!-1aHTbl TOrAaWero May3epa

HbiX ynaKOBOK. HecMoTp51 Ha TO 4TO APYrl-1e

-

Ara , c orpaHI-14eHHOC1 OTBeTCTBeHHOCTbiO, -

BeCbMa 3aTPYAHI-1Te!lbHOC1. Bnp04eM , npi-1 BCeX

npOi-13BOAI-1Te!ll-1 ni-'ICTOJleTOB He OC060 CTpeMI-1-

3aCMe51JlC51 ¢1-1Aeflb , BblnyCTI-1Jl BCeX 1-13 KOMHa-

3TI-1X KOMMep4eCKI-1X Oni.\I-151X KOHCTPYKI..\1-151 ni-1-

Jli-'ICb i-1CnOJlb30B8Tb B CBOI-1X 06pa31.\aX MOW,-

Tbl, W,e!lKHYll BbiKJll04aTefleM 1-1 , 3aKpbiB 3a

CTOfleTa B 1..\eflOM 6b1Jla Hei-13MeHHa. ,1:\aBaeiTe

Hblei " May3epOBCKI-1Ci " naTpOH , KOMMep4eCKa5l

C060C1 ABepb, BbiWe!l B HaCT051W,YIO }I{I-13Hb .

B3rfl51HeM Ha 3TOT ni-'ICTOfleT 1-1 nonpo6yeM no -

nonyn51pHOCTb caMoro ni-'ICTOfleTa May3epa

A " caMo3ap51AH biC1 ni-'lcToneT May3epa" i-'lfll-1 ,

H51Tb- B 4eM }l{e 6blfla npi-141-1Ha ero CTOJlb

6blfla HaCTOJlbKO Befli-1Ka , 4TO 6oenp1-1nac K

KaK OH I-1MeHOBa!lC51 BO BHYTPeHHI-1X AOKyMeH-

BbiCOKOro KOMMep4eCKOfO ycnexa? B 4eM

HeMy BblnycKaflO 60flbWOe KOJll-14eCTBO pa3-

TaX <jJI-1pMbl , "ni-1CTOJleT 7 ,63" Ha4afl CBOIO AOJl-

6blfll-1 ero nfliOCbl 1-1 MI-1HYCbl?

Jli-14HbiX ¢1-1pM KaK B EBpone , TaK 1-1 B AMepi-1Ke .

ryiO i-'ICTOpi-110.

npi-14eM 3TO 6blfll-1 He TOJlbKO npi-1Bbi4Hble HaM

naTpOHHaR MCTOpMR

naTpOHbl C l.\eflbH0060fl04e4HbiMI-1 Bapi-'laHTa-

nMCTOneT AJUI Kaii3epa

,[\Jl51 Ha4a!la CKa}l{eM 0 naTpOHe, nOA KOTOpblei

MI-1 nyflb, HO 1-1, Hanpi-1M8p, 3KCnaHCI-1BHble, C

He BnO!lHe 51CHblei no COCTaBy TBOp4eCKI-1Ci

6blfl CKOHCTPYI-1POBaH May3ep. nepBOHa4a!lb-

BbleMKOCi Afl51 llY4WeC1 pacKpbiBaeMOCTI-1 npi-1

KOflfleKTI-1B C03Aafl nepBblei pa6041-1Ci npOTOTI-1n

HO naTpOH 6blfl pa3pa60TaH Afl51 ni-'ICTOfleTa

nonaAaHI-11-1 B wenb.

HOBOro ni-1CTOJleT8 K 1894 fOAY· Y}l{e B 1895-M

5opxapAa 1893-94 rOAOB 1-1 I-1Mefl 0603Ha4e-

He o6owno May3epoBcKo-naTpOHHoe Be51Hbe

nOWJll-1 B npOi-13BOACTBO nepBble Maflble nap-

HI-1e 7 ,65x25MM. 5opx apA , BblnycKaBWI-1CiC51

1-1 CCCP. B KompoM ew,e c 20-x fOAOB naTpOHbl

TI-11-1. A 20 aBrycTa 1896 roAa May3ep , roBOP51

<jJ!-1pMoC1 ,1:\BM , 6blfl OAI-1H 1-13 nepBbi X npi-1eMfle -

7,63 May3ep BblnycKafli-1Cb He60JlbWI-1MI-1 nap -

COBpeMeHHbiM 513biKOM , COBepWI-1Jl Jl0BKI-1Ci

MO HaAe}I{HbiX aBTOMaTI-14eCKI-1X ni-'ICTOfleTOB C

TI-151MI-1 Ha noAOflb(:KOM 3aBOAe. KorAa CCCP

ni-1ap-XOA, npOAeMOHCTpi-1pOBaB CBOCi ni-'ICTO-

nporpeCCI-1BHOC1 KOMnOHOBKOCi , rAe Mara31-1H

pew1-1n CAe!laTb naTpoH May3epa CBOI-1M yHI-1-

JleT npaBI-1TefliO BCe51 lepMaHI-11-1 Kaei3epy Bi-1llb-

noMew,anc51 B PYK051TI-1 , 3a KompyiO CTpenoK

¢1-1LII-1POBaHHbiM ni-'ICTOJleTHbi M 1-1 ni-'ICTOJleTHO-

reJlbMY BmpoMy Ha cTpe!lb61-1w,e KaTpi-1HeH-

Aep}I{I-1T opy}l{l-1e (KaK Ha 60JlbWI-1HCTBe COBpe-

ny!leMeTHbiM 6oenp1-1naCOM , COBeTCKa51 Bapi-1-

XOflbT3 B n oTCAaMe. KaC1 3e p B TO BpeM51 6blfl

MeHHbiX ni-'ICTOfleToB). Ha 3TOM , Bnpo4eM, AO-

al..\1-151 May3epoBcKoro naTpoHa nony41-1fla He-

MY}I{41-1HOC1 B CaMOM paCI.\BeTe Ci-1Jl , 36 !leT OT

CTOI-1HCTBa 6opxapAa 1-1 OKaH41-1Ba!li-1Cb. 3m

6onbwl-1e I-13MeHeHI-151 , CB513aHHble c ero omi-1-

POAY. HO HeCKOJlbKO I-13My4eHHbiC1 ABYM51 HeOT-

6blfl HeCKflaAHblei , afl51nOBaTblei , 3AOPOBeHHblei,

MI-13al.\!-1eC1 nOA OC06eHHOCTI-1 OTe4eCTBeHHOfO

crynHbiMI-1 AYMaMI-1. nepBa51 MbiCJlb KaC13epa

HeyKJliO}I{I-1Ci MeXaHI-13M , yKpaweHHblei CBepxy

npoi-13BOACTBa. He BAaBa51Cb B AeTafll-1 , cKa-

6bl!la , ecTeCTBeHHO, 0 CYAb6ax POAHOro ¢a-

wapHi-1pHbiMI-1 pbl4araMI-1. (lfl51A51 Ha 3TOfO ¢ee-

}l{eM , 4TO COBeTCKI-1Ci Bapi-1aHT nmpoHa y}l{e

Tep!l51HAa. Bmpa51 -

0 TOM, KaKOCi OH 6blfl

p!-14eCKOfO ypoAa, TPYAHO noBepi-1Tb, 4TO

CTaJl He3H841-1TeJlbHO OTJll-14aTbC51 OT Opi-'lri-1-

1-1Ai-10T, KOrAa noAapi-1ll CBOeei Jli060BHI-11.\e

no3}1{e Ha ero ocHoBe leopr n10rrep co3AacT

HaJlbHOro M8y3epOBCKOr.o, HO BCe ew,e OCTa-

3Mi-1fll-1 Knonn ¢om c Jli-14HOC1 noAni-1CbiO, nom-

3fleraHTHbiC1 napa6ennyM).

BaJlC51 BnOJlHe B3ai-1M03aMeH51eM C npapOAI-1-

MY 4TO Tenepb 3Ta 6a6eHKa peryn51pHo ero

0AHaKO naTpOH 6blfl 51BHbiM nfliOCOM ni-'ICTOJle-

Te!leM. C 1928 roAa pacnop51}1{eH!-1eM apTI-1flnep!-1CicKoro KOMI-1TeTa maBHOro apTI-1flllepi-1C1-

waHTa}l{!-1pyeT, Tpe6y51 AeHer 1-1 yrpo}l{a51 3TO

Ta 5opxapAa . OH I-1Men xopow1-1e xapaKTep!-1-

<jlom ony6Jli-1KOBaTb.

CTi-'IKI-1 , 1-1 Ha TOT MOMeHT 6blfl OAHI-1M 1-13 HeMHO-

cKoro ynpaBneHI-151 PKKA AaHHblei naTpoH no-

Kopo4e, Befli-1Ki-1C1 KaC13ep 1-1 paA 6blfl OTB!le4b-

ri-'IX MOW,HbiX naTpOHOB Afl51 3apO}I{AaiOW,eroc51

llY41-1fl y HaC Ha!-1MeHOBaH!-1e:

C51 OT rpyCTHbiX M biCJleei . 0H CXBaTI-1Jl ni-'ICTOJleT

Kflacca aBTOMaTI-14eCKI-1X ni-1CTOJleTOB . lpex

CBOeei Afli-1HHOC1 pyKoei ( BTOpa51 6blfla KOP04e

6blflO ero He no3ai-1MCTBOBaTb , 4TO ¢1-1pMa Ma-

"7,62 Ml-1flfli-1MeTpa ni-1CTOfleTHbiC1 naTpoH May3epa".

OT pO}I{AeHI-151) 1-1 OTnYll51Jl no Mi-'IWeHI-1 ABaAI.\aTb

y3ep 1-1 CAe!la!la. 5naro KOHTpO!lbHblei naKeT

noTOM , OKOH4aTeJlbHO ycTaKa HI-1B npOi-13BOA-

naTpOHOB (TO eCTb ABe 060C1Mbl) B 6e!lblei CBeT

aKI.\i-'IOHepHoro o6w,ecTBa May3ep npi-1HaAne-

CTBO, ero nepe!-1MeHyiOT B:

KaK B KOnee4Ky. 06 opy}l{l-11-1 Kaei3ep OT03Bafl-

}l{afl npOi-1 3BOAI-1Te!liO ni-1CTOJleT8 5opxapAa -

" 7,62-MM ni-'ICTOJleTHblei n8TpOH o6p. 1935 r .,

C51 , B o6w,eM , noxBaflbHO. Tenno co BCeMI-1 no-

KOHI.\epHy ABM . A npeAnPI-151TI-1e " ,[\oC14e Me-

(May3epa)".

npow,anc51 1-1 noexan AOMOCi -

TannnaTpoHeH¢a6pi-1K ", KOTOpa51 npOI-13BOAI-1-

Co BpeMeHeM HenaTpi-10TI-14HbiC1 May3ep B

HOBblei B3HOC Jli060BHI-11.\e HaC06!-1paTb.

AYMaTb , KaK

fla naTpOHbl Afl51 ni-1CTO!leT8 5opxapAa. c 1897

CK06KaX KaK-m OTBaJli-1TC51. Ew,e n03}1{e Bfla -

B TOM }l{e 1895 fOAY 6blfla nOAaHa 3a51BKa Ha

fOAa m}l{e CTaflO 4aCTbiO KOHI.\epHa ,1:\BM. Bee

CTI-1 BCnOMH51T, 4TO naTpOH, B 06W,eM-TO , npo -

naTeHT, KOTOpblei 6blfl nofly4eH Ha C!leAYIOW,i-1C1

3TO n03BOJl51JlO HaflaAI-1Tb ycnewHyiO TeXHI-14e-

I-13BOAI-1flC51 y HaC y}l{e C 30-ro fOAa , n03TO MY

fOA. May3ep, He CH!-1}1{a51 peKllaMHOro HaKa!la,

CKYIO Koonepal..\1-110.

HenOH51THO , 4ero 3TO OH I-1MeHyeTC51 06pa31.\0M

1 aBrycTa 1896 roAa B ropoAe WTYTrapTe

np!-1M epHO B TO BpeM51 , KaK <jJI-1pMa May3ep

35-ro ...

npOAeMOHCTpi-1pOBa!l ni-'ICTOfleT MI-1HI-1CTpy 060-

pa3pa6aTbiBaJla CBOCi ni-'ICTOfleT, npOI-13BOAI-1-

peTeT y HaC 3TOT naTpOH , 6yAeT:

VI OKOH4aTeflbHOe I-1M51, KOTOpoe 06-

pOHbl BIOpTe M6epra 1-1 COnpOBO}I{AaBWI-1M ero

Teflb 6opxapAOBCKOro 6oenp1-1naca cMeHI-1fl B

" 7 ,62-MM ni-1CmfleTHblei naTpOH o6pa31.\a

reHepanaM , Y41-1HI-1B BeCbMa Afli-1Te!lbHYIO i-'IC-

i-'ICKOMOM naTpoHe cocmB nopoxa Ha APyroei ,

1930 roAa " .

nbiTaTe!lbHYIO naflb6y. 0T3 b1Bbl 6blfll-1 BeCbMa

llY4We COXpaH51BWI-1Ci CBOI-1 CBOCiCTBa npi-1 xpa-

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TpaHcnopTHbte cpeAcTsa: " MoeKBf14-408 ", Mf1-8.

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TpaHcnopTHble cpeACTBa: IA3-24 " Bonra " .

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TpaHcnopTHble cpeACTBa: Opel-Admiral. 1 ~ @4.!4@•8 4TO cjJHnbM npo pa3o6naYeHHe ceKpeTHbiX neperOBOpOB cjlaWI-1CTOB 1-1 S'IHKH CHS'IT n04TH 3a YeTBepTb BeKa AO nOS'IBneHHS'I "CeMHaAL\aTH MrHOBeHHf1 BeCHbi". no BOCnOMHHaHHS'I M EneHbl Ky3bMHHof1, Ha o6~Hx nnaHax CL\eHa noroHH 3a ee repoHHef1 H cTpenb6a no "Onen10" CHHManHCb cpeAH nblnaiO~Hx pa3BanHH B KanHHHHrpaAe. a ynpaBns:~n MaWHHOf1 npocjlecc!-10HanbHblf1 aBTOroH~HK. CaMblf1 3anOMHHaiO~i-1f1Cs:i MOMeHT- KOrAa nynH npo6HBaiOT BeTpOBOe CTeKnO BOKpyr ronoBbl MapTbl- CHHManCS'I B naBI-1nbOHe "MoccjJHnbMa" C 3KpaHOM npoeKL\HH. ,IJ,ns:i 3TOf1 CL\eHbl npHrnaCHnH "nyYwero cHaf1nepa B cTpaHe". 5blno CHS'ITO weCTb AY6nef1. KorAa nocne CbeMKI-1 cno}I{HnH CTeKna, TO BCe OTBepCTHS'I COBnanH HaCTOnbKO T04HO, 4TO Ka3anOCb- CTpens:~nH cpa3y B WeCTb CTeKOn, CnO}I{eHHbiX BMeCTe.

noroHs:~ B Ki-1HO c yYaCTI-1eM 24-x " Bon}l{aHoK".

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TpaHcnopTHble cpeACTBa: BA3-2106 "}I{HrynH" . IA3-24 "Bonra". Mercedes-Benz Acros.

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lJT06bl 0Cl>OPMI1Tb no,Ani1CKY 11 nOI1Ylii1Tb nOAAPOK, BAM HE06XOA11MO • n epeseeTI1 AeHbfl1 Ha Haw paeYeTHbli:1 eYeT B 111060M OTAe11eHI111 C6ep6aHKa (111111 11106oro 6aHKa) no npi1BeAeHHO~ KBI1TaH1..11111 (MO>KHO 11enOI1b30BaTb ee KaK o6pa3el..l AflR 3anoi1HeHI1R 611aHKa noYTOBoro nepeBOAa). • BbiCI1aTb KOnl110 KBI1TaH1..11111 0 nepeBOAe AeHer (111111 Kon1110 nl1aTe>KHoro nopyYeHI1R , ee1111 Bbl npOI-13BOA11Te 0n11ary OT opraHI13al..l1111) no cj>aKey (495) 745-84-18 111111 no aApeey: 109544, r. MoeKBa, y11. 6 0I1bWaR AHAPOHbeBeKaR , A· 17, OTAe11 noAn11eKI1. • Ha see sonpocbl o noAn11eKe BaM c YAOB011beTBI1eM OTBeTRT no Tel1ecj>oHy: (495) 745-84-18 1-11111 (495) 745-84-27.

CTpaHH"a N! 157


HA nO"'TE OcpopMnfleTcfl s 11106oM nO'fTOBOM OTAeJleHIIIIII Pocc111111 . ,Qnfl :noro HY)f(HO npaBII1JlbHO 3anOJlHII1Tb 6naHK a60HeMeHTB . noAnii1CH~e 111HAeKCbl HBWII1X 1113ABHII1Ci ecTb s KBTanorax : «la3eTbl 111 )f(ypHBJlbl >> areHTCTBB << PocneYBTb », 06beAII1HeHHblei KBTBJlOr << npecca Pocc111111 ••, KaTanor Pocc111CicKoC1 npeccbl ,, noYTa Pocc111111 ». Bb l MO)f(ETE O<l>OPMI.t1Tb nO.Qnl.t1CKY 1lt05bi M Y,Q05Hb i M ,Qil~ BAC

B PE,QAKUI.t1Lt1 Bbl MO)f(eTe onnaTII1Tb KBII1TBHL\11110, KOTOpafl ny6nii1KyeTCfl so scex )f(ypHanax V1,QP 111 Ha caeiTe www.idr.ru , B 11106oM OTAeneHIIIIII C6ep6aHK3 Pocc111111 . B rpacpe << HB3HaYeHII1e nnaTe)f(a» yKB)f(II1Te HB3BBHII1e 1113ABHII1fl , HB KOTOpOe Bbl nOAnii1C~BaeTeCb , 111 nep1110A noAnii1CKII1. He 3B6YAbTe YKB3BT.b HB 6nBHKe BBWII1 <t>.V1.0. 111 BApec A0CTBBKII1 .

cnocosoM . B CTOIIIMOCTb nOAniiiCKIII BKJliO'leHa AOCT3BK3 >KypHana. no MoCKBe ~ CaHKT-neTep6ypry AOCTBBKB ocyll.leCTBJlfleTcfl KypbepcKoei CJly)f(60C1 . 8 OCTBJlbHbl8 HBC8Jl8HHbl8 nyHKTbl )f(ypHBJlbl BbiCbiJlBIOTCfl no nO'lT8 npOCTbiMIII 6BHA8pOmlM~.

TE11E<l>OH ,Qil~ CnPABOK

OcpopM111Tb noAnll1cKy MO)f(HO C Jli060ro MeCflL\B HB 6 111Jlll1 12 MeCflL\eB. OnnaTa AOJl)f(Ha 6b1Tb np01113BeAeHa AO 10 'fiiiC113 npeAnOAnlllcHoro MeC~43.

(495) 745-8418 nO'iTOBbli1 AAPEC (AJlR 0Tnp8BKI4 KOppecnO HA8Hll,V1111):

109544, r. MOCKBA, Yfl. 60IlbWASl AHAPOHbEBCKASl,

l13BELUEHI.t1E

A. 17

000 l-t,QP Lt1HH 7709688140

p/c 40702810300070150610

AK5 "POCEBP05AHK" (OAO) r. MocKB3 5l1K: 044585777 K/c: 30101810800000000777

cD.Ii1 .0. , 1-!HAeKC,

Knn 774301001

nOYTOBbli1 aApec AOCTa8KI-1

CyMMa , py6.

Kacc ~-1p

Onn3T3 33 >KYPH311 33 ________ MeC~4eB

BHI.t1MAHI.t1E! 8

KBl1TAHUI.t1~

T.Y. H):IC 10%

000 l-t,QP l1HH 7709688140

p/c 40702810300070150610

AK5 "POCEBP05AHK" (OAO) r. MocKB3 5l1K: 044585777 K/c: 30101810800000000777

An~ nOATBep>KAeHI!I~

n113Te>K3 He06XOAIIIMO OTnp3BIIITb KOni!IIO KBIIIT3H4111111 no BApecy: 109544 r. MOCKBB, yn . 6 . AHAPOHbescKafl A· 17 111n111 no3BOHII1Tb no Ten. : (495) 745-84-18

Knn 774301oo1 tOPI.t1,QI.t1'-IECKI.t1M 11Lt1UAM ,[\Illl ocj:JopMI18H~Sl noAm1CK~ HY)f(HO nonyY~Tb C'leT Ha onnaTy. ,[\IlSl :noro H806XOA~MO np~CI13Tb 335lBKY no cj:JaKCY

Onn3T3 33 >KYPH3J1 33 ________ MeC~4eB

(495) 745-84-18 8 T.Y.

H):IC 10%


nep~OA~~HOCTb - 8*8HegenbHO

6

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nep~OA~~HOCTb

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6

- 8*8M8Cfl~HO M8Cfll.\8B -

12 M8Cfll.\8B-

nep~OA~~HOCTb

6

~~

-

330 605

8*8M8Cfl~HO

M8Cfll.\8B -

660

12M8Cfll.\8B- 1210

924 1848

M8CfH.\8B -

12 M8Cfll.\8B -

nep~OA~~HOCTb - 8*8M8Cfl~HO

~

6

M8Cfll.\8B -

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nep~OA~~HOCTb

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180.84 331.54

8*8M8Cfl~HO

M8Cfll.\8B -

660

12M8Cfll.\8B- 1210

BCE L(EHbl YKA3AHbl B PY6Jl51X C Y'-IETOM ,QOCTABKVl

no POCCV1V1 . H,QC

E*8M8Cfl~Hbl8 *YPHanbl B asryCTe He BbiXOAflT.

nep~OA~~HOCTb - 8*8HegenbHO

~

6

678.48 1356.96

M8Cfl[.\8B -

12 M8Cfl[.\8B -

TOnbKO A.JlR noAn~C"i~KOB MOCKBbl

nep~OA~~HOCTb-8*8M8Cfl~HO

~

6

M8Cfll.\8B -

12 M8Cfll.\8B-

180.84 331.54

nep~OA~~HOCTb-8*8M8Cfl~HO

~

6

10% BKJliO'-IEH.

594 1089

M8Cfll.\8B -

12 M8Cfll.\8B -


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