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Social Studies 1259 SAS® Curriculum Pathways® The Homefront: Test Your Knowledge Results NAME: Avery Horvath CLASS: American History DATE: 8/13/2012 See the Lesson Guide (Assessment tab) for printable versions and answer keys for Practice, Quiz and Apply. PRACTICE PRACTICE RESULTS: Complete QUIZ QUIZ RESULTS: 9 of 10 correct INCORRECT ITEMS: 5 NOT ANSWERED: n/a APPLY What you have learned During World War II the nation’s citizens mobilized to face a tremendous challenge. After four years of hard work and sacrifice at home and abroad, the United States won the war. The experience made the nation stronger and set the stage for fundamental social change, particularly in the difficult arena of equal rights for women and minorities. Now apply what you have learned about The Homefront to a fictional town disaster scenario. Town Disaster Scenario: A fast moving fire destroys a portion of a small town. Many homes are burned and several people lose their lives. The town's small and under-funded volunteer fire department was unprepared to fight the blaze. Related key points: GI Bill Blue & Gold Star Service Flags Rosie the Riveter War bonds Executive Order 8802


Baby boom 1. The town council raises property taxes to expand the fire department. Related key point: War bonds War bonds allowed the government to receive money from their people to help the war efforts similar to the way that the town council uses their peoples tax money to receive money to help the fire department. 2. Hampered by a small population, the town seeks more volunteers for the fire department. The town's mayor reaches out to women and minorities, promising them equal opportunity and fair treatment. Related key point: Executive Order 8802 The President issue this order to stop discrimination in production facilities so that more minorities and women would join. The town's mayor did the same thing when he promised equal and fair treatment to the minorites of the town. 3. Several women volunteer for the fire department. While the male firefighters are skeptical at first, the women prove that they are fully capable of doing the job. Related key point: Rosie the Riveter Rosie the Riveter was a key example that the women could do just as good a job as the men while they were at war and this is similar when the women become volunteers for the fire department which is usually thought of as a "male job". Social Studies 1259 SAS® Curriculum Pathways® The Homefront: Test Your Knowledge Results NAME: Avery Horvath CLASS: American History DATE: 8/13/2012 Copyright © 2012, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA, All Rights Reserved Page 1 of 24. To increase the prestige of volunteer firefighters and recognize their service to the community the town designs a special sign that each family of a volunteer can display in their front yard. Related key point: Blue & Gold Star Service Flags Displaying a special sign that shows the family members of a volunteer is similar to the way that the Blue and Gold Star Service Flags were displayed. They were shown by the family of the person that died at war. 5. The newly expanded fire department does a great job of keeping the town safe. However, it is hard for the volunteers to sustain the long hours and hard work required. The town council votes to provide


education assistance and low-cost loans to the volunteers to both keep them on the job and repay them for their sacrifice. Related key point: GI Bill After the war, the GI Bill allowed veterans to receive education and have low-cost loans similar to the way that the volunteers relieved low-cost loans and education assistance. 6. Bolstered by its successful response to the fire, the town becomes an attractive place for both industry and families. This creates even more growth and the town prospers. Related key point: Baby boom After the war, people began starting families and becoming successful. This is very similar to the way people acted after the fires.

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